Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie

«Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo»

Ao?a Einoyioei Ieeieaeiae/

«Aoi?eii? aoaeoe a aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo ia?aoai?thaa/ao

aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey.»

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.12.07– ”Aioaie oa i?eno?i? i?e?ioaeeueiai? oaoi?ee”

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

EE?A –1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

Oe?a?ie «EI?» ia eaoaae?? eiino?othaaiiy oa ae?iaieoeoaa
?aae?iaia?aoo?e.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aoioania?? Aaea??e
Naiaiiae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aiaeioiaea Aieiaeeie? ?ee?/,

aieiaiee ?iaeaia? NEA ”NIAEO?”

I?i?noa?noaa i?iieneiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe Iai?oe
A?eoi? Aiaoie?eiae/,

ia/. a?aeae?eo IAe? “AO?AI”
I?i?noa?noaa i?iieneiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie, eao?aao Aea?aeaaii? i?ai??
Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Aea?aeaaia i?aei?e?inoai iaoeiai– oaoi?/iee
oeaio? ’’NOC??’ss’’ I?i?noa?noaa i?iieneiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «_24_»__ethoiai__1999 ?ieo

i_15_._00_ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.002.14 a
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? » EI?» ca aae?anith

252056, i.Ee?a–56, aoe. Iie?oaoi?/ia, 37 , ei?ion 1, aoaeeoi??y 244.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe?

Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie » EI?».

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «_23_»_n?/iy__1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/i?o iaoe, aeioe.
O?eanueeee Eaii?ae Ieaenaiae?iae/

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O ca’yceo c ?icaeoeii no/anii? oaoi?ee oa
oaoiieia?? c?inoathoue aeiiae aei oi/iino? aei??thaaieo aaee/ei, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeaeo?iiaai?oio aia?a?th. Iaei??th c iniiaieo aaee/ei,
yea aei??th?oueny a ae?aiacii? A* oa IA*, ? iiooaei?noue. Iaea?eueo
ia?niaeoeaieie i?eno?iyie aeey aei??thaaiiy i?io?aeii? A* oa
IA*–iiooaeiino? ? aaeueaaiia??iiaai?oi? ia?aoai?thaa/?, a eio?eo
canoiniaothoueny aaeueaaiiiaai?oi? yaeua a oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aeao.

I?eioeei ae?? oaeeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a iieyaaa a ia?aiiiaeaii? IA*
no?oio oa iai?oae a aeia?eueiiio ?ic??c? ia?aaeaaaeueii? e?i?? c
o?aooaaiiyi cnoao oac i?ae ieie.

Aaeueaaiiiaai?oi? ia?aoai?thaa/? ia iniia? oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo
ie?aie iathoue ?yae ia?aaaa ii??aiyii c ia?aoai?thaa/aie
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeie, oa?eoiaeie oa ?ioeie: a ieo iaioa iioeaea
aei??thaaiiy, ca’ycaia c aieeaii a?aeaeoi? oaee?, aiie iathoue iae?
cia/aiiy oa?ii–A?N oa iaioee aieea aei?yiethth/eo eiioaeo?a, iathoue
a?eueoo oaeaeeiae?th. Oea ?iaeoue ?o aeei?enoaiiy ia?niaeoeaiei a
caniaao eiio?ieth i?io?aeii? iiooaeiino? na?aaeiueiai oa aenieiai
??aiy ye iaia?a?aii?, oae ? ?iioeuenii?. Ca?ac oae? ia?aoai?thaa/?
canoiniaothoueny aeey aei??thaaiiy i?io?aeii? iiooaeiino? a e?i?yo
ia?aaea/? ??cieo oei?a, i?eeaaeao aeey aei??thaaiiy cnoao oac, caniaao
eiio?ieth ia?aiao??a ieacie a onoaoeoaaii? ieaciio?i?/iiai o?aaeaiiy.

Aea aaeueaaiiiaai?oiei ia?aoai?thaa/ai i?eoaiaii? niaoeeo?/i?, oae
caaii? aoi?eii? aoaeoe, ye? caeaoi? ?noioii aieeiooe ia oi/i?noue
aei??thaaiiy iiooaeiino?. Naia aei oaeeo aoaeo?a iaeaaeeoue aoaeo
eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio a oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aeao. Oea
i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui e??i ei?eniiai neaiaeo, i?iii?oe?eiiai
aeiaooeo aeaeo?e/ii? oa iaai?oii? neeaaeiai? iiey c o?aooaaiiyi cnoao
oac i?ae ieie, aeieea? neeaaeiaa neaiaeo, i?iii?oe?eia eaaae?aoo no?oio
a ie?aoe?. Oey neeaaeiaa ia?aoai?aiiai iiey caeaoia ca?eueoeoe iioeaeo
aei??thaaiiy iiooaeiino?.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ni?yiiaaia ia
aea/aiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e/ei aeieeiaiiy neeaaeiai? ia?aoai?aiiai
aeo?aeiiai neaiaeo, i?iii?oe?eii? eaaae?aoo no?oio a ie?aoe?, c iaoith
?? onoiaiiy a aeiaaeeo, eiee oea iio??aii (aei??thaaiiy iiooaeiino?),
oa aea/aiiy iiaeeeaino? ei?eniiai canoinoaaiiy aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai
aeaoaeooaaiiy (aeey eaaae?aoe/ieo aeaoaeoi??a aeaeo?e/ii? neeaaeiai?
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey).

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ae??ooaaeenue ianooii?
caaea/?:

–?ic?iaea /ooeeaeo noaiae?a aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae
aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo aeaoaeoi??a ia iniia? oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aie;

–aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae neeaaeiai?
aeo?aeiiai neaiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/a, i?iii?oe?eii? eaaae?aoo no?oio a
ie?aoe?;

–aenia?eiaioaeueia oa oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiy caeaaeiino?
aeaeo?io?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aie a?ae ?o
oiaueie;

–?ic?aooiie caeaaeiino? ?iciiae?eo iaai?oiiai iiey,noai?aiiai
no?oiii a ie?aoe?, a?ae ?? oiaueie;

–?ic?aooiie ci?iii? /anoeie iaiaai?/aiino?, ui noai?th?oueny
iaai?oiei iieai no?oio a ie?aoe?;

–?ic?aooiie A?N, i?iii?oe?eii? eaaae?aoo no?oio a ie?aoe?;

–?ic?aooiie oa aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy onoiaiiy no?oiiai?
neeaaeiai? ia?aoai?aiiai iiey ca aeiiiiiaith no?oeoo?e
ae?aeaeo?ee–iaoae, ?icoaoiaaii? iaae ie?aeith;

–?ic?aooiie caeaaeiino? oa aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy
neeaaeiai?, i?iii?oe?eii? eaaae?aoo no?oio a ie?aoe?, a?ae eooa
i?aeiaai?/oaaiiy ie?aee iino?eiei iaai?oiei iieai ;

–iiaoaeiaa eiio?ao?aoe?? /ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a, a yeeo no?oiiaa
neeaaeiaa ia?aoai?aiiai neaiaeo iiaea aooe neiiiainiaaia;

–eiiiainaoe?y no?oiiai? neeaaeiai? c aeei?enoaiiyi aeaio /ooeeaeo
aeaiaio?a;

–oai?aoe/ia oa aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaoaeoi?a ia
iniia? oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aie c canoinoaaiiyi aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai
aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio. Aeo?aeiee neaiae oaeiai aeaoaeoi?a i?iii?oe?eiee
eaaae?aoo iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/ii? neeaaeiai? aeaeo?iiaai?iiai iiey.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?e ?ica’ycaii? iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue

canoiniaoaaeenue:

–iaoaiaoe/ia noaoenoeea i?e ia?iaoe? aenia?eiaioaeueieo

?acoeueoao?a;

–oai??y aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo oa ?ioaa?aeueieo ??aiyiue;

–/eneia? iaoiaee aiae?co;

–iaoiae /anoeiaeo iaeanoae i?e ae??oaii? caaea/ aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee;

–oaici?iee aiae?c.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo a aeena?oaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa?
a ianooiiiio:

–aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo oa aeine?aeaeaii aoaeo eaaae?aoe/iiai
aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio a oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aeao;

–aeine?aeaeaii aeaeo?io?ce/i? aeanoeaino? oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo
ie?aie a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiaueie ie?aee;

–aia?oa i?iaiae?ciaaii aieea iaai?oiiai iiey, aeeeeeaiiai no?oiii,
yeee i?io?eaa ii ie?aoe?, ia caoaeaeaiiy ci?iii? /anoeie iaiaai?/aiino?
oiiei? ie?aee;

–iiaoaeiaaii oai??th aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio,
yea

aaco?oueny ia iaiaeii??aeiino? aeanoeainoae ie?aee ii oiauei?;

–noai?aii e?i?eio iiaeaeue ia?aoai?aiiy no?oio a ie?aoe? aeey
iaea?eueo /anoi canoiniaoaaieo aeiaaee?a;

–?ic?aoiaaii oa aeine?aeaeaii aieea iaoa??aeo oa oiaueie
ae?aeaeo?eea, ui ioi/oa ie?aeo, ia aaee/eio oa ciae ia?aoai?aiiai
neaiaeo;

–aeiaaaeaii iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy ia iniia? aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai
aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio a oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aeao aeaoaeoi?a,
aeo?aeiee neaiae yeiai i?iii?oe?eiee eaaae?aoo iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/ii?
neeaaeiai? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee io?eiaoe ianooii? ?acoeueoaoe:

–ia iniia? iiaoaeiaaii? oai??? eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio
a oiie?e oa?iiaai?oi?e ie?aoe? ?ic?iaeaii o?e iaoiaee eiiiainaoe??
oe??? neeaaeiai? a aeo?aeiiio neaiae? aei??thaa/?a i?io?aeii?
iiooaeiino?, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? aei??thaaiiy, oa
aeine?aeaeaii caeaaei?noue oeeo iaoiae?a eiiiainaoe?? a?ae /anoioe;

–aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeey aecia/aiiy iioeaee
aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo aei??thaa/?a i?io?aeii? iiooaeiino?;

–aia?oa anoaiiaeaii oa aeine?aeaeaii iiaeeea?noue iiaoaeiae oa
i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeoi?a aeaeo?e/ii?
neeaaeiai? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey ia iniia? aoaeoo aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio
a ie?aoe?;

–?ic?iaeaii aeniei/ooeeaa onoaoeoaaiiy aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeaeo?iiaai?oii?
aia?a??.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. Oai??y caoaeaeaiiy iaiaai?/aiiino? a oiie?e oa?iiaai?oi?e
ie?aoe? c iaiaeii??aeii ?iciiae?eaiei ii oiauei? ie?aee no?oiii.

2. Oai??y aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio a oiie?e
oa?iiaai?oi?e ie?aoe?.

Iaoiaeeea iiaoaeiae ia iniia? oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aie eaaae?aoe/iiai
aeaoaeoi?a aeaeo?e/ii? neeaaeiai? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey a e?i??
ia?aaea/?.

?aae?caoe?y oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaea aeeiioaaeenue ia eaoaae??
eiino?othaaiiy oa ae?iaieoeoaa ?aae?iaia?aoo?e Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (EI?). Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? ciaeoee i?aeoe/io
?aae?caoe?th i?e aeeiiaii? ? ai?iaaaeaeaii? oaeeo iaoeiai–aeine?aeieo
?ia?o:

–ca?o ii IAe? ”*ie?a–1” niaoe. oaia ?4176,EI?,1987.

–ca?o ii IAe? ”*?e?i” niaoe. oaia ?4249,EI?,1988.

–ca?o ii IAe? ”O?e?i 1-OAI” aini. aeiaia?? ?964,EI?,a?ae 1.03.1988.

–ca?o ii IAe? ”O?e?i” niaoe. oaia ?4365,EI?,1989.

–ca?o ii IAe? ”Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaea aaeueaaiiiaai?oi?o
aei??thaaeueieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a i?io?aeii? A*–iiooaeiino? aeey i?eno?i?a
ieaciio?i?/iiai o?aaeaiiy.” aini.aeiaia?? ?570, EI?,a?ae 26.06.1989.

–ca?o ii IAe? ”Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeaino? noai?aiiy oaciaiai aeaoaeoi?a
IA* ia iniia? oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aie.” aini.aeiaia?? ?132–89/26,EI?,a?ae
30.10.89.

–ca?o ii IAe? ”A?ica” aini.aeiaia?? ?144,EI?, a?ae 26.09.1990.

–ca?o ii IAe? ”E?iia” aini.aeiaia?? ?101,EI?, a?ae 28.02.91.

–ca?o ii IAe? ”OA EI?–10OI” niaoe. oaia 1992–1994??.

Noia?iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaieo
?ia?o i?aeoaa?aeaeaii a?aeiia?aeieie aeieoiaioaie.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe oa ?ic?iaeai? ia ?o iniia?
i?eno?i? ai?iaaaeaeai? a o/aiaee i?ioean Ee?anueeiai iie?oaoi?/iiai
?inoeoooo ? aeei?enoiaothoueny a eo?nao eaeoe?e, a aeine?aeieoeuee?e
?iaio? nooaeaio?a, a eo?niaiio ? aeeieiiiiio i?iaeooaaii?.

Aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe a i?iieneia?noue
i?eaaaeai? a aeiaeaoeo aeena?oaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia: VIII Ananithci. eiio. ”Ecia?aiey
a iaaeeoeeia e eo iao?ieiae/aneia iaania/aiea.” (Iineaa, 1986), ?ani.
eiio. ”Oai?ey e i?aeoeea ecia?aiee ia?aiao?ia yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo eieaaaiee
e eeiee ia?aaea/e” (Oa?ueeia, 1991), XIII oeiea-naieia? ”Iiaua iaaieoiua
iaoa?eaeu iee?iyeaeo?iieee” (Ano?aoaiue, 1992), ”Second International
Conference on Antenna Theore and Techniques” (Kyiv, 1997), ”27-th
European Microwave Conference + Exhibition” (Jerusalem, 1997), ‘’VII-th
International Conference on Mathematical Methods in Electromagnetic
Theory.’’ (Kharkov, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe?? ii ?iaio?. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue
iioae?eiaaii 6 iaoeiaeo noaoae, c?iaeaii 6 iaoeiaeo aeiiia?aeae ia
i?aeia?iaeieo, ?anioae?eainueeeo, Ananithcieo eiioa?aioe?yo.

I’a?i ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 115 noi??iie iniiaiiai
oaenoo, 35 noi??iie ?enoie?a, oioia?ao?e ? oaaeeoeue ? neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai nieneo ?c 71
iaeiaioaaiiy, aeiaeaoeo ia 3 noi??ieao.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe.

O anooi? aei aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, oe?e? ?
iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue.

Oey ?iaioa i?enay/aia aaeineiiaeaiith oa i?aeaeuaiith oi/iino?
?iaioe aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo i?eeaae?a ia iniia? oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo
ie?aie, ye? canoiniaothoueny aeey aei??thaaiiy iiooaeiino? oa oaciaiai
aeaoaeooaaiiy neaiae?a. Iieacai? ia?aaaae aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a ii??aiyii c oa?eoiaeie, iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeie oa ?ioeie
oeiaie ia?aoai?thaa/?a, ye? aeeiiothoue aiaeia?/i? ooieoe??.

Caa?iooi oaaao ia niaoeeo?/i? (aoi?eii?) iniaeeaino?, i?eoaiaii?
aaeueaaiiiaai?oiei ia?aoai?thaa/ai ia iniia? oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo
ie?aie, a naia ia aoaeo eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy aeniei/anoioiiai
no?oio, ui i?io?eaa ii ie?aoe?, ? caeaoiee cia/ii i?aeaeueoe iioeaeo
aei??thaaiiy iiooaeiino? aai oace.

A ia?o?e aeaa? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c noaio ni?aa a aaeoc?
eiino?othaaiiy aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a. Aaeueaaiiiaai?oi?
ia?aoai?thaa/?–oea i?eeaaee, ?iaioa yeeo caniiaaia ia aeei?enoaii?
aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo yaeu a oiieeo (aei 100iI) oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aeao, a
naia, aoaeoo Oieea oa iaai?oiiii?o. Aoaeo Oieea iieyaa? a oiio, ui a
ie?aoe?, ?ici?uai?e a iaai?oiiio iie?, i?e i?iioneaii? /a?ac ia? no?oio
aeieea? aeaeo?e/ia iiea, ia?iaiaeeeoey?ia iaai?oiiio iieth oa no?oio. A
oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aeao oea aeaeo?e/ia iiea caeaaeeoue ia?aaaaeii a?ae
aeanii? iaiaai?/aiino? iaoa??aeo.

ssaeua iaai?oiiii?o iieyaa? a oiio, ui i?e ?ici?uaii? oa?iiaai?oii?
ie?aee a iino?eiiio iaai?oiiio iie? ?? ii?? a iai?yieo iiey aoaea
a?ae??ciyoeny a?ae iii?o a iai?yieo, ia?iaiaeeeoey?iiio iieth.

Oaeei /eiii, yeui ecio?iiio oa?iiaai?oio ie?aeo c no?oiii, iaiaai?/aio
aei iane/aiiy, iii?noeoe a ci?iia iaai?oia iiea, oi a ?acoeueoao?
aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo yaeu a i?e c’yaeoueny aeaeo?e/ia iiea

,

– oaici? ieoiiiai iii?o ie?aee, yeee a?aoiaoa aaeueaaiiiaai?oi? yaeua.

Oiaoi aaeueaaiiiaai?oi? ia?aoai?thaa/? iathoue aeaa iacaeaaei?
eaioethae–aeaeo?e/iee oa iaai?oiee, eiaeiee c yeeo iiaea aooe ca’ycaiee
c aeaeo?e/iith oa iaai?oiith neeaaeiaith iiey. I?ae ae??th ci?iiiai
iaai?oiiai iiey ieoiiee ii?? ie?aee noa? ai?cio?iiiei ? ci?ith?oueny a
/an? c /anoioith i?eeeaaeaiiai ciai?oiueiai ci?iiiai iaai?oiiai iiey.
Oaeei /eiii, ie?aea noaa ia?aiao?e/iei aeaoaeoi?ii.

Iecueei/anoioia neeaaeiaa ia?aoai?aiiai iiey aoaea i?iii?oe?eia
na?aaei?e ca ia??iae IA* eieeaaiue iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey a
ie?aoe?. Naia oey neeaaeiaa ? canoiniao?oueny aeey aei??thaaiiy
i?io?aeii? iiooaeiino? a e?i?yo ia?aaea/?.

Aea i?e ?ic?iaoe? oa aeei?enoaii? aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a a
aeo?aeiiio iecueei/anoioiiio neaiae? aoea iii?/aia ua iaeia neeaaeiaa,
i?iii?oe?eia eaaae?aoo no?oio, ui i?io?eaa ii ie?aoe?. sse iieacaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oey neeaaeiaa iaoiiaeaia aoaeoii eaaae?aoe/iiai
aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio ie?aee. Oeae aoaeo i?ecaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai
i?aeaeuaiiy iioeaee aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a i?e aeei?enoaii?
?o ye aei??thaa/?a i?io?aeii? iiooaeiino?.

Naia aeine?aeaeaiith i?e/ei aeieeiaiiy, onoiaiiy oa canoinoaaiith aoaeoo
eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio i?enay/aia ?iaioa.

Oaeiae a ia?o?e aeaa? i?iaiaeeoueny aiae?c iioeaee, ui aeieea? i?e
aei??thaaii? iiooaeiino? a aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo ia?aoai?thaa/ao. Iioeaea
ia?aoai?thaa/a neeaaea?oueny c iioeaee iaoiaea, oaciai? iioeaee,
eaaae?aoe/ii? iioeaee, iaoiiaeaii? no?oiii, ui i?ioiaeeoue ii ie?aoe? ?
ci?iiei iaai?oiei iieai, ui ae?? ia ie?aeo, iioeaee aieueoiao?a, iioeaee
c?aceiaiai aei??thaa/a iiooaeiino?, iioeaee, iaoiiaeaii? iae?i?ei?noth
ia?aoai?thaa/a a aeeiai?/iiio ae?aiacii?. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea oa
aeaaaeai? oi?ioee aeey aecia/aiiy oeeo iioeaie.

O ae?oa?e aeaa? ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy neaiaeo
eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio a ie?aoe? aoa c?iaeaiee aeniiaie, ui
oeae neaiae ? iane?aeeii ia?aiiiaeaiiy no?oio ie?aee oa iaai?oiiai iiey,
noai?aiiai oeei no?oiii. sse iieacaii a ?iaio?, i?e ??aiii??iiio
?iciiae?e? no?oio ii oiauei? ie?aee ?iciiae?e iaai?oiiai iiey no?oio
oaeiae aoaea ??aiii??iei ii oiauei?. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo aeaoaeooaaiiy
no?oio a ie?aeao c ia?aiao?aie, ui canoiniaothoueny a aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo
ia?aoai?thaa/ao, iaiiaeeeaa, oiio ui na?aaei? cia/aiiy iaai?oiiai iiey
ii oiauei? aei??aith? ioeth ? ci?iia iaiaai?/ai?noue ia caoaeaeo?oueny.
Ine?eueee ie?aea aeineoue oiiea (aei 100iI), oi aieeaii iiaa?oiaaiai
aoaeoo iiaeia ciaoooaaoe aei /anoio a aeanyoee a?aaaa?oe.
Ia??aiii??i?noue no?oio ii oiauei? iiaea aooe aeeeeeaia ia??aiii??i?noth
aeanoeainoae ie?aee ii oiauei?. Oiio aoee iinoaaeai? aeine?aee ii
aecia/aiith ieoiiiai iii?o oa ai?cio?ii?? iaai?oiiii?o ie?aie caeaaeii
a?ae ?o oiaueie. Ia iniia? aeine?aeieo aeaieo aoee iiaoaeiaai?
ai?ieneioth/? caeaaeiino?, ? oeyoii ae??oaiiy ?ioaa?aeueieo ??aiyiue
io?eiaii caeaaei?noue ieoiiiai iii?o (aai i?ia?aeiino?) oa ai?cio?ii??
iaai?oiiii?o eiaeiiai oa?o ii oiauei? ie?aee.

sse aeyaeeinue, ia oiaueiao aei 100iI aeanoeaino? ie?aie ??cei
iaiaeii??aei?.

:

.

.

Aeae? aeey ?ic?aooie?a A?N, yeo aeeeeea? eaaae?aoe/ia aeaoaeooaaiiy
no?oio, iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe oeie i?aoean?? iaiaai?/aiino?, aeeeeeai?
iaai?oiei iieai no?oio.

Oe? caaea/? ae??ooaaeenue ca aeiiiiiaith ??aiyiiy ?ooo aonoeie
iaai?oiiai iiiaioa (??aiyiiy Eaiaeao–E?ooeoey).

.

Aeey iaeeo a?aeoeeaiue aaeoi?a iaiaai?/aiino? i?ney e?iaa??caoe?? a
eii?aeeiaoi?e oi?i? ia?ii:

,

.

I?ney a?aeiia?aeieo ia?aoai?aiue ia?ii ianooii? ??aiyiiy:

,

.

Oe? ??aiyiiy ?ica’ycothoueny ?acii c a?aie/ieie oiiaaie aeey
iaiaai?/aiinoae, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue aieea ia iiaa?oiaa? nieie
iiaa?oiaai? iai?iii? aca?iiae?? oa iiaa?oiaai? ai?cio?ii??

.

a?ae /anoioe ci?iiiai iaai?oiiai iiey.

c a?aie/ieie oiiaaie i?iaiaeeany /eneiaeie iaoiaeaie. Oae ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoiaea e?ioeaaeo ??ciinoae ia?aoiaeeii a?ae aeeoa?aioe?eieo
??aiyiue aei nenoaie aeaaa?a?/ieo ??aiyiue.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a iieacothoue, ui iaai?oia iiea no?oio caoaeaeo?
iaeii??aeii ?iciiae?eaio ii oiauei? ie?aee, iaiaai?/ai?noue. Oiaoi
ci?iia iaiaai?/ai?noue ie?aee caoaeaeo?oueny iino?eiith neeaaeiaith
iaai?oiiai iiey no?oio oa iino?eiith neeaaeiaith ae?oai? iio?aeii? iiey.

Oeae oaeo iaoiiaeaiee aieeaii iai?iii? aca?iiae?? ia ?iciiae?e
iaiaai?/aiino?, oiaoi iai?iia aca?iiae?y ”oo?eio?” iaiaai?/ai?noue
eiaeiiai oa?o a?aeiinii non?aei?o oa??a. Aea oea iiaeeeai o?eueee aeey
oiieeo ie?aie (aei 300…400 iI). Aeey oianoeo ie?aie o?aaa a?aoiaoaaoe
aieea ia ?iciiae?e iaiaai?/aiino? aeueo aa?iii?e iaai?oiiai iiey oa
ae?oai? iio?aeii? iiey.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaeenue aenia?eiaioaeueii. O?ae
aenia?eiaioo oa eiai ?acoeueoaoe i?eaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?.

Ciath/e neeaaeia? iaiaai?/aiino?, aoee ciaeaeai? eiiiiiaioe oaici?a
ieoiiiai iii?o ie?aee

.

Aeae? aoei ciaeaeaii iino?eio neeaaeiao ia?aoai?aiiai iiey a ie?aoe?,
oiaoi neaiae a?ae aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio

.

Ine?eueee oiaueia ie?aee cia/ii iaioa ca ?? aeiaaeeio, oe?eio oa
a?aenoaiue i?ae ae?eyieaie ciyooy A?N, oi aaee/eio ia?aoai?aiiai iiey
iiaeia ona?aaeieoe ii oiauei?. A A?N, yea ci?ia?oueny c ie?aee a
ae?eyieao A ? A, aecia/a?oueny ye ??ci?noue iioaioe?ae?a oeeo ae?eyiie,
noai?aieo noi?iii?i aeaeo?e/iei iieai

.

C i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui iiea aeaoaeooaaiiy,
noai?aia no?oiii ie?aee, i?iii?oe?eia aeiaooeo aiie?ooaee no?oio oa
iaiaai?/aiino?, yeo aeeeeea? iaai?oia iiea oeueiai no?oio.

Aeae? a ?iaio? i?iaiaeeeenue aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae
aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio a?ae aiie?ooaee oa eooa
i?aeiaai?/oaaiiy ie?aee iino?eiei iaai?oiei iieai. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie , ui aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio a oiieeo
oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aeao iiaea ciaeoe canoinoaaiiy aeey iiaoaeiae
aeaoaeoi??a aeaeo?e/ii? neeaaeiai? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey. A ?iaio?
cai?iiiiiaai? eiino?oeoe?? oa aeine?aeaeai? oaoi?/i? iiaeeeaino? oaeiai
aeaoaeoi?a. I?iaaaeai? ii??aiyiiy oa?iiaai?oiiai aeaoaeoi?a c ?ioeie
oeiaie aeaoaeoi??a.

A o?ao?e aeaa? ia iniia? aeanoeainoae aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai
aeaoaeooaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii o?e niiniae eiai onoiaiiy a aei??thaa/ao
iiooaeiino?.

Iaeei ?c niinia?a iieyaa? a noai?aii? aeiaeaoeiai? no?oeoo?e
ae?aeaeo?ee–iaoae iaae i?aeeiaeeith c ie?aeith. Onoiaiiy eaaae?aoe/iiai
aeaoaeooaaiiy iaoiiaeaia oei, ui ie?aea ?icoaoiao?oueny a oae?e
aneiao?e/i?e aeaeo?iaeeiai?/i?e no?oeoo??, i?e caoaeaeaii? eio?i?
iaaeath/ith oaeeath ona?aaeiaia ii oiauei? ie?aee iaai?oia iiea
aei??aith? ioeth. Caaea/a iieyaaea a ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?e/ii? oiaueie
ae?aeaeo?eea iaae ie?aeith, i?e ye?e iiaeeeaa onoiaiiy eaaae?aoe/iiai
aeaoaeooaaiiy, oa aecia/aii? /anoioieo iaiaaeaiue aeaiiai iaoiaea
eiiiainaoe??.

?ic?aooiee ii aeaiiio iaoiaeo eiiiainaoe?? i?iaiaeeeenue a ne?aeoth/?e
iine?aeiaiino?:

–ciaoiaeeeanue no?oeoo?a iiey /ooeeaiai aeaiaioa ia iniia? oiieeo
oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aie;

–aecia/aeinue ?iciiae?eaiiy iiia?a/ii? neeaaeiai? iaai?oiiai iiey ii
oiauei? ie?aee;

–?ac?aoiaoaaeanue iao?eoey ?icn?thaaiiy ia?aoiaeo oa?iiaai?oia
ie?aea–nioaeea ca’yceo;

–ciaoiaeeany eiao?oe??io aneiao??? iaai?oiiai iiey a ie?aoe? i?e
iaae?ii? ia oi?aoeue /ooeeaiai aeaiaioa aeae?iiaai?oii? oaee? c iaeano?,
yeo caeia? nioaeea ca’yceo.

No?oeoo?a iiey /ooeeaiai aeaiaioa ciaoiaeeeanue iaoiaeii coeaaiiy
/anoeiaeo iaeanoae. I?e coeaaii? iie?a ia ie?aoe? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue
a?aie/i? oiiae, ye? a e?oa?aoo?? iathoue iacao iaoiaeo iiaa?oiaaeo
no?oi?a, c oiiae iao?ea?aeueiiai ??oaiiy yei? ciaoiaeeii cia/aiiy
iiacaeiaaei?o oaeeueiaeo /enae.

Ciath/e aeioe/i? neeaaeia? iaai?oiiai iiey ia iiaa?oi? ie?aee,
ciaoiaeeii ?iciiae?e iaai?oiiai iiey a ie?aoe?.

I?e??aiyaoe iiey ia iiaa?oi?, ui ?icae?ey? iaeano? c ie?aeith oa
nioaeeith ca’yceo, ciaoiaeeii iao?eoeth ?icn?thaaiiy ia?aoiaeo. Aeae?
i?eionea?ii, ui aeaeo?iiaai?oia oaeey iaaea? ia oi?aoeue /ooeeaiai
aeaiaioa c iaeano?, ui caeia? aeaiaio ca’yceo, ? i?aeae?a?ii oae?
cia/aiiy aeaeo?e/ii? oiaueie ae?aeaeo?eea, ui ?icoaoiaoaoueny iaae
i?aeeiaeeith c ie?aeith, i?e eio?eo eiao?oe?aio aneiao??? iaai?oiiai
iiey aei??aith? ioeth. Oaeiae i?e ?ic?aooieao iaoiaeii cao?aiiy
a?aoiaoaaany aieea e?ioeaai? i?ia?aeiino? ae?aia ia eiao?oe?aio
aneiao???.

?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui oaeee iaoiae eiiiainaoe?? eaaae?aoe/iiai
aeaoaeooaaiiy iiaeeeaee eeoa ia /anoioao aeua iaeeieoeue a?aaaa?oe?a, ?
ia iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee ia iecueeeo /anoioao. Oea iiaeia iiynieoe
neaaeei aieeaii ae?aeaeo?e/iiai aoaeoo ia iecueeeo /anoioao (aei 500
IAoe) oa caoooaiiyi aeueo oei?a oaeeue ? a?aeiia?aeii ciaioaiiyi ?o
aianeo a aneiao??th ?iciiae?eo iaai?oiiai iiey a oa?iiaai?oi?e ie?aoe?.

A?aooaaiiy e?ioeaai? i?ia?aeiino? ae?aio aeiaeaoeiai i?aeaeuo? ieaeith
iaaeo /anoioiiai ae?aiaciio canoiniaaiino? aeaiiai iaoiaeo eiiiainaoe??,
oiio ui caaeeaeaiiy iiey a iaoa??ae ae?aio i?e eiai aeecueeiio
?icoaooaaii? aei ie?aee oaeiae aieeaa? ia aneiao??th iiey. Oiio iaoiae
onoiaiiy eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith ciai?oiuei? ii
a?aeiioaiith aei ie?aee no?oeoo?e iaoae–ae?aeaeo?ee 1–ie?aea–ae?aeaeo?ee
2–iaoae ciaeoia canoinoaaiiy ia /anoioao aeua 1AAoe.

A i?aeoaa?aeaiiy ?ic?aooie?a aoee i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy oeueiai iaoiaea onoiaiiy aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai
aeaoaeooaaiiy.

Aacoth/enue ia oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo caeaaeiinoyo neaiaeo
eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio a?ae eooa i?aeiaai?/oaaiiy
oa?iiaai?oii? ie?aee iino?eiei iaai?oiei iieai aoee cai?iiiiiaai?
eiino?oeoe?? /ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a, a yeeo i?e iaaieo eooao
i?aeiaai?/oaaiiy aoaeo eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy acaaae? a?aenooi?e,
aai, yeui oea iio??aii, iiaea aooe iaeneiaeueiei. ?ic?iaeai?
eiino?oeoe?? /ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy a aei??thaa/ao
i?io?aeii? iiooaeiino? i?aeaeuaii? oi/iino?.

O?ao?e iaoiae onoiaiiy aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy iieyaa? a
canoinoaaii? aeaio neiao?e/ii ?icoaoiaaieo /ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a, ?
aaco?oueny ia o?ceoe? aeieeiaiiy aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy.
Ine?eueee eaaae?aoe/a aeaoaeooaaiiy ? iane?aeeii iaiaeii??aeiino?
aeaeo?io?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae ie?aee ii oiauei?, oi i?e ?ici?uaii?
/ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a iaeei iaai?ioe iaeiiai neaiaee, aeeeeeai?
aeaoaeooaaiiyi, aoaeooue iaoe i?ioeeaaei? iai?yiee. I?e aeei?enoaii?
oeeo aea /ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a aeey aei??thaaiiy iiooaeiino? a e?i??
ia?aaea/? neaiae, i?iii?oe?eiee iiooaeiino?, aoaea iaoe iaeei ? oie
naiee iai?yiie (ia /ooeeaeo aeaiaioao no?oie, iino?ei? oa ci?ii?
iaai?oi? iiey iathoue iaeiaeia? iai?yiee). Oiio oe? /ooeea? aeaiaioe
iiaeia aa?ieiooe iine?aeiaii ii neaiaeo, i?iii?oe?eiiio iiooaeiino?, ?
iacono??/ ii neaiaeo a?ae aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio.

Oeae niin?a onoiaiiy aeineoue c?o/iee o aeei?enoaii? ? ia caeaaeeoue
a?ae /anoioe, oiio oe?iei canoiniao?oueny a aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo
aei??thaa/ao iiooaeiino?.

*aoaa?oa aeaaa i?enay/aia aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaiith ?oaeoo
eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio oa iaoiae?a eiai onoiaiiy. A oe?e
aeaa? c?iaeaii ii??aiyiiy oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
?acoeueoao?a.

I?eaaaeaii iien niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaiiai aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai noaiaea, yeee aeicaiey? aeine?aeaeoaaoe oa
iaeaaiaeaeoaaoe /ooeea? aeaiaioe aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ia
iecueeeo ??aiyo iiooaeiino? a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? /anoio. Caaaeyee
i?ea?iaeueiiio ??oaiith (?icianaiiy a /an? ia??iaeo iaeiie/aiiy aia?a??
aeaeo?iiaai?oii oa ia??iaeo aei??thaaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo neaiae?a)
noaei iiaeeeaei aeine?aeaeoaaoe neaiaee ii?yaeea 0,1ieA i?e iino?eieo
iaai?oieo iieyo 0…1,5 Oanea, noai?thaaieo iiooaeiei aeaeo?iiaai?oii
aac neeaaeieo eaioetha?a o?eueo?aoe??.

A iaaaaeaieo i?eeeaaeao aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a caaaeyee
aeei?enoaiith cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiae?a onoiaiiy aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai
aeaoaeooaaiiy aaeaeiny i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue aei??thaa/?a iiooaeiino? ia
5–8% aac iniaeeaeo oneeaaeiaiue eiino?oeoe??. Oaeei /eiii noaei
iiaeeeaei noai?aiiy aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo aei??thaa/?a A* oa IA*
iiooaeiino? na?aaeiueiai ? aenieiai ??ai?a (iaeeieoe? aaoo–aeanyoee
e?eiaaoo) c iioeaeith 3…5% i?e EnoU iaaaioaaeaiiy iaioa aai ??aiiai 3.

A aeiaeaoeo i?eaaaeai? aeieoiaioe, ye? i?aeoaa?aeothoue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a i?iieneiaino?.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe

Aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai?aoe/iei ? i?aeoe/iei ??oaiiyi caaea/?
aea/aiiy aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio a oiieeo
oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aeao, ye? canoiniaothoueny aeey iiaoaeiae
ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe caiaeyoueny aei ianooiiiai:

1. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeai? oa iiaoaeiaai? oai?aoe/i? caeaaeiino?
ai?cio?ii?? ieoiiiai iaai?oiiii?o, ieoiiiai iii?o, a?aeiinii? ci?ie
ieoiiiai iaai?oiiii?o a?ae oiaueie oiiei? iaai?oii? ie?aee. Aeyaeeinue,
ui aeanoeaino? oiieeo (<100iI) iaai?oieo ie?aie (a naia oae? ie?aee canoiniaothoueny aeey iiaoaeiae ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey) ??cei iaiaeii??aei?. 2. I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee neeaaeiaeo iaai?oiiai iiey, ui noai?th?oueny iaiaeii??aeii ?iciiae?eaiei ii oiauei? ie?aee no?oiii. 3. Oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii ?iciiae?e ii oiauei? ie?aee neaaeiaeo ci?iii? /anoeie iaiaai?/aiino?, ui caoaeaeo?oueny iaai?oiei iieai no?oio. C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui i?e oiaueiao ie?aie iaioa 100 iI iaiaai?/ai?noue ?iciiae?eaia iaeii??aeii. 4. Ia iniia? i.1,2,3 iiaoaeiaaii oai??th eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio a oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aeao, yeo i?aeoaa?aeaii aenia?eiaioaeueii. 5. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii oa aeine?aeaeaii iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy ia iniia? aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio aeaoaeoi?a aeaeo?e/ii? neeaaeiai? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, aeo?aeiee neaiae yeiai i?iii?oe?eiee eaaae?aoo aeaeo?e/ii? neeaaeiai? iiey. 6. Cai?iiiiiaaii oa aeine?aeaeaii aeanoeaino? o?ueio iaoiae?a onoiaiiy aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio a oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aeao aeey ?o aeei?enoaiiy o aei??thaa/ao iiooaeiino? aai oaciaeo aeaoaeoi?ao. Oe? iaoiaee i?ecaiaeyoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? aei??thaaiiy iiooaeiino? a e?i?yo ia?aaea/? c iaocaiaeaeaiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi. 7. Noai?aii /ooeeaee noaiae, ui aeicaiey? iaeaaiaeaeoaaoe aei??thaa/? iiooaeiino? i?e iaeeo ??aiyo iiooaeiino?. 8. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy neeaaeiaeo iioeaee aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a. Nienie ioae?eaoe?e ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? –ninoaaeythuae i?aia?aciaaiiiai iiey a oiieeo oa??iiaaieoieo ieaieao//?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea.– 1993.– ?3.– N.28–34.(Eca. auno. o/aai. caaaaeaiee). 2.Aoioania?e A.N., Ao?a E.I., Ioayi I.O. Aicaoaeaeaiea iaiaaie/aiiinoe a oiieie oa??eiaaieoiie ieaiea iaiaeii?iaeiui oieii// ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea.– 1998.–?4.–C.28–34. (Eca. auno. o/aa. caaaaeaiee). 3. Ao?a E.I. Yooaeo naiiaeaoaeoe?iaaiey NA* oiea a oa??iiaaieoiie ieaiea // ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea.– 1998.– ?5.– C.68–72.(Eca. auno. o/aa. caaaaeaiee). 4. K.N.Gura, F.M.Repa. Current suppression by external electromagnetic self– detecting structure in galvanomagnetic converters of electromagnetic field// Proc. of the VII-th International Conference on Mathematical Methods in Electromagnetic Theory. – Kharkov(Ukraine).– 1998.–P.930. 5. Aoioania?e A.N., Ao?a E. I. Yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea oaiia?aoo?iie noaaeeueiinoe iaaieoi?acenoeaieo ecia?eoaeueieo i?aia?aciaaoaeae i?ioiaeyuae NA*–iiuiinoe ia iniiaa iaaieoiuo ieaiie//Aanoi. Eeaa. iieeoaoi. ei–oa. Na?. ?aaeeioaoieea.–1988.–Aui.25.– N.13–14. 6. Aoioania?e A.N., Auaeaeei A.I., Ao?a E.I., Ieeeoei E.A. Ia oeo/oaiee oaiia?aoo?iie noaaeeueiinoe iaaieoi?acenoeaiuo ecia?eoaeae i?ioiaeyuae NA* iiuiinoe//Aanoi. Eeaa. iieeoaoi. ei-oa. ?aaeeioaoieea.– 1994.– Aui.31.– N.56–58. 7. Aoioania?e A.N., Ao?a E.I., Aioiiia N.N. Noaiae enneaaeiaaiey ia?aiao?ia aaeueaaiiiaaieoiuo i?aia?aciaaoaeae iiuiinoe NA* ia iniiaa oa??iiaaieoieo ieaiie//Aanoi. Eeaa. iieeoaoi. ei-oa. ?aaeeioaoieea.–1991.–Aui. 28.–N.99–101. 8. Vuntesmary V.S., Gura K.N. On accuracy increasing of measuring galvanomagnetic converters of electromagnetic field. //Proc. of Second International Conference on Antenna Theore and Techniques.–Kyiv (Ukraine).–1997.– P.364-365. 9. Vountesmeri V., Gura K., Chenakin A. An X–band magnetoresistive sensor for active pulse pover measurements//Proc. of the 27-th European Microwave Conference + Exhibition.–Jerusalem.–1997.– P.838– 840. 10.Aoioania?e A.N., Ao?a E.I., Aioiiia N.N. Ecia?aiea aeoeaiie iiuiinoe EA aeeaiaciia a eeieyo n ianiaeaniaaiiie iaa?oceie.//O?oaeu ?anioaeeeaineie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee ”Oai?ey e i?aeoeea ecia?aiee ia?aiao?ia yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo eieaaaiee e eeiee ia?aaea/e.”– Oa?ueeia, 1991.– N.34. Iniaenoee aianie a ?iaioao, iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?: [5,7,10]– ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o oaoi?/ia ?aae?caoe?y, [1,2,4,6,8,9]– aeeiiaiiy oai?aoe/ii? /anoeie ?iaioe, /anoeiaa o/anoue a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee ? i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaio?a. Aaoi?: Ao?a E.I. Ao?a E.I. Aoi?eii? aoaeoe a aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo ia?aoai?thaa/ao aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 05.12.07– ”Aioaie oa i?eno?i? i?e?ioaeeueiai? oaoi?ee”. Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie (EI?). Ee?a 1998. Caoeua?oueny 10 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, eio?? i?enay/ai? aeine?aeaeaiith aoaeoo eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio a oiieeo oa?iiaai?oieo ie?aeao. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oeueiai aoaeio aeicaieeei i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue aei??thaaiiy iiooaeiino? aaeueaaiiiaai?oieie ia?aoai?thaa/aie aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, noai?eoe, aeei?enoiaoth/e aoaeo eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio, eaaae?aoe/iee aeaoaeoi? aeaeo?e/ii? neeaaeiai? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeaii a aeine?aeii–eiino?oeoi?nuee? ?ic?iaee AO ”Eio?aeii” i. A?iieoey, IAe? ”Ao?ai” i.Ee?a, AeEAI ”Iiaeoeue” i. Eeaa. Eeth/ia? neiaa: oa?iiaai?oia ie?aea, aaeueaaiiiaai?oia yaeua, eaaae?aoe/ia aeaoaeooaaiiy no?oio, iaiaai?/ai?noue, iioeaea ia?aoai?thaa/a. Ao?a E.I. Aoi?e/iua yooaeou a aaeueaaiiiaaieoiuo i?aia?aciaaoaeyo yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai iiey. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.12.07–”Aioaiiu e ono?ienoaa iee?iaieiiaie oaoieee”. Iaoeeiiaeueiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao (EIE). Eeaa 1998. Caueuaaony 10 iao/iuo ?aaio. ?aaioa iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea e enneaaeiaaieth iiaie yeaiaioiie aacu, naycaiiie n eniieueciaaieai aaeueaaiiae?iiaaieoiuo yaeaiee a oiieeo oa??iiaaieoiuo ieaieao. Aaeueaaiiae?iiaaieoiua ecia?eoaeueiua i?aia?aciaaoaee ia iniiaa oiieeo oa??iiaaieoiuo ieaiie – yoi ono?ienoaa, ?aaae?othuea eae ia iaaieoioth, oae e ia yeaeo?e/aneoth ninoaaeythuea yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai iiey. Auoiaeiie neaiae oaeeo i?aia?aciaaoaeae i?iii?oeeiiaeai i?iecaaaeaieth yeaeo?e/aneie e iaaieoiie ninoaaeythueo iiey n o/aoii naeaeaa oac iaaeaeo ieie. Yoi iicaieyao eniieueciaaoue oaeea i?aia?aciaaoaee aeey ecia?aiey aeoeaiie eee ?aaeoeaiie iiuiinoe, a caaeneiinoe io oaciauo niioiioaiee a aeao/eea e eeiee ia?aaea/e n ianiaeaniaaiiie iaa?oceie. A aeaaa 1 ?anniio?ai i?eioeei ?aaiou aaeueaaiiiaaieoiuo i?aia?aciaaoaeae yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai iiey, iieacaiu eiie?aoiua eiino?oeoeee oaeeo i?aia?aciaaoaeae aeey ?acee/iuo aeeaiaciiia /anoio e iiuiinoae. I?iaaaeai aiaeec aiciiaeiuo iia?aoiinoae aaeueaaiiiaaieoiuo i?aia?aciaaoaeae. Iieacaii, /oi ec-ca auyaeaiuo yooaeoia, i?enoueo oiieiieaii/iui aaeueaaiiiaaieoiui i?aia?aciaaoaeyi, e iacaaiuo aoi?e/iuie, aiciiaeii cia/eoaeueiia iiieaeaiea oi/iinoe ecia?aiee. E oaee yooaeoai ioiinyo aeaoaeoe?iaaiea auniei/anoioiiai oiea e iaaieoiiai iiey a ieaiea. I?aaenoaaeaiu iaoiaeu eaeea?iaee, ii?aaeaeaiey iia?aoiinoae e ecia?aiee o?iaiae neaiaeia iaoneiaeaiuo aoi?e/iuie yooaeoaie. I?e yoii ioia/aia niiniaiinoue yooaeoa eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeoe?iaaiey oiea cia/eoaeueii iiieaeaoue oi/iinoue ecia?aiee. A aeaaa 2 ?anneacaii i i?e/eiao aicieeiiaaiey yooaeoa eaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeoe?iaaiey oiea. I?iaaaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey yeaeo?e/aneeo naienoa oiieeo iaaieoiuo ieaiie. Iieacaii, /oi i?e/eiie eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeoe?iaaiey oiea anoue iaiaeii?iaeiinoue yeaeo?ioece/aneeo ia?aiao?ia ieaiee ii oieueia, a oaeaea aneiiao?ey yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneie no?oeoo?u ieaiea-iiaeeiaeea-iniiaaiea. I?iaaaeai ?an/ao iaaieoiiai iiey auniei/anoioiiai oiea, i?ioaeathuaai ii ieaiea. Ii?aaeaeaia ia?aiaiiay ninoaaeythuay iaiaaie/aiiinoe aicaoaeaeaaiay a ieaiea iaaieoiui iieai oiea. ?ann/eoaiu cia/aiey YAeN, aicieeathuea a neaaenoaee aeaoaeoe?iaaiey oiea. I?aaeeiaeaia e ?aaeeciaaia eiino?oeoeey eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeoi?a yeaeo?e/aneie ninoaaeythuae yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai iiey eeiee ia?aaea/e ia ?anniao?eaaaiii yooaeoa. A aeaaa 3 i?aaeeiaeaii e ?aaeeciaaii o?e niiniaa ono?aiaiey yooaeoa eaaae?aoe/iiai aeaoaeoe?iaaiey, /oi i?eaiaeeo e iiauoaieth oi/iinoe ?aaiou ecia?eoaeueiuo i?aia?aciaaoaeae. Ia?aue niinia iniiaai ia eniieueciaaiee aiaoiae yeaeo?iaeeiaie/aneie no?oeoo?u. I?iaaaeai ?an/ao oaeie no?oeoo?u, /oi iicaieyao aua?aoue aaiiao?eth aaeueaaiiiaaieoiiai aeao/eea. Aoi?ie niinia iniiaai ia eniieueciaaiee inaaie neiiao?ee aeao/eeia. O?aoee niinia iniiaai ia i?eaioaoeee ieaiee (nenoaiu ieaiie) ai aiaoiai iinoiyiiii iaaieoiii iiea. I?iaaaeai aiaeec /anoioiuo naienoa anao iaoiaeia ono?aiaiey yooaeoa aeaoaeoe?iaaiey oiea. Aeaaa 4 niaea?aeeo iienaiea noaiaeia ia eioi?uo i?iaiaeeeenue enneaaeiaaiey. I?iaaaeaii n?aaiaiea oai?aoe/aneeo e yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee. Inouanoaeaii i?iiuoeaiia aiaae?aiea ?acoeueoaoia ?aaiou a iiuoii–eiino?oeoi?neea ?ac?aaioee AI ”Eio?aeii” a. Aeiieoea, IEE ”Ao?ai” a.Eeaa, IEAI ”Iiaeoeue” a. Eeaa. Eeth/aaua neiaa: oa??iiaaieoiay ieaiea, aaeueaaiiiaaieoiua yaeaiey, eaaae?aoe/iia aeaoaeoe?iaaiea oiea, iaiaaie/aiiinoue, iia?aoiinoue i?aia?aciaaoaey. Gura K. N. Secondary effects in galvanomagnetic transformers of electromagnetic field. Ph.D. thesis. Speciality: 05.12.07–”Antennas and device of microwave engineering.” National Technical University of Ukraine (KPI). Kiev 1998. Ten scientific publications, reflecting investigations devoted to a phenomenon of current square–detecting in thin ferromagnetic films, are defended. Studying this phenomenon has permitted to improve accuracy of power measurementsby galvanomagnetic transformers of electromagnetic field, to create, using effect of current square–detecting, square–law detector of electric component of electromagnetic field. Key words: ferromagnetic film, galvanomagnetic phenomenon, current square–detecting, magnetization, error of converter. PAGE 18

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