OA?NIINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Aeeue Ieoaeei ?aaiiae/

OAeE 636.082:636.22.28

AIEEA AIOO??II?IAeIIAI I?AeAI?O C AEEI?ENOAIIssI NII??AeIAIIAI
?ICAAAeAIIss OA I?AEE?I?EIEO E?IN?A IA IIEI*IO I?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe EI??A
??CIEO AAIIOEI?A

06.02.01 — ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?eueneiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Oa?nii — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?niinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?ianoa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?,
caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie EIAAEAIEI A?oae?e Iao?iae/,
Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao I?ianoa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aaiaoeee ? ?icaaaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oaa?ei

Io?oe?eiee iiiiaio: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio
Oiioo ?aai Naiaiiae/, Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea
aeine?aeia noaioe?y, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo oaa?eiieoeoaa

Io?oe?eiee iiiiaio: eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,aeioeaio,
Ie?iiia A?eoi? Aaa?eeiae/, Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao
I?ianoa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie, aeioeaio eaoaae?e niaoe?aeueii? ciioaoi?ee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – ?inoeooo oaa?eiieoeoaa noaiiaeo ?aeii?a
Oe?a?ie ?i. I.O.?aaiiaa “Aneai?y-Iiaa”, a?aeae?e neioa?noaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “9” aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 67.830.02. a Oa?niinueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? (325006, i. Oa?nii, aoe.
?.Ethenaiao?a, 23, aieiaiee o/aiaee ei?ion, aoaeeoi??y 64).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe?
Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 325006,
i. Oa?nii, aoe. ?.Ethenaiao?a, 23, aieiaiee o/aiaee ei?ion.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “3” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Ea?aioc A.Ae.

. CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Na?aae aeooaeueieo caaea/ oaa?eiieoeoaa
i?iaeaia iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy a?o/eciyieo ii??ae aaeeei? ?iaaoi?
ooaeiae iaeaaeeoue aei /enea iaea?eueo aaaiieo. Aea oaiie ye?niiai
oaeineiiaeaiiy ii??ae iaaeinoaoi?, a oaeoe/iee ??aaiue iiei/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? o a?eueoino? ?aa?ii?a e?a?ie caeeoa?oueny iecueeei. Oiio
caeiiii??iei yaeuai ? i?aeaeuaia caoe?eaaeai?noue aei ?ic?iaee iiaeo
i?aeoiae?a a oai??? ? i?aeoeoe? naeaeoe?eiiai i?ioeano ia iniia?
aeinyaiaiue ia o?eueee ciioaoi??, aea e nii??aeiaieo iaoe. A cia/i?e
i??? aoaeoeai?noue a?aeai?o ? i?aeai?o aecia/a?oueny oaeineiiaeaiiyi
eiiieaenii? ioe?iee ooaeiae i?e aeai?? ?? ia ieaiy, ciaiiyi aaiaoe/ii?
aeene?aoiino? e?i?e, noaae ? oe?eeo ii??ae, a oaeiae ii?aeioaai?noth
??cieo caaiaenueeeo e?i?e ? ?iaeei a iaaeao ii?iaee (I.A.Coaaoeue,
A.I.Ao?eao, ?.I.Iao?aiei, 1997).

Ia no/aniiio aoai? naeaeoe?eieo ?ia?o aaaeeeaa ?ieue
a?aeaiaeeoueny aaiaoe/ii ?aaoeth?iiio aaoa?iceno, ui iiee ia noaa o
iiai?e i??? oaeoi?ii ae?iaieoeoaa.

I.I.Aeoa?i?i (1976) aeaco?, ui aeey i?iyao aaoa?iceno a?a?eaee
iiaeii? aooe iaea?aeai? a?ae e?i?e, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aaiaoe/ii
iaoiiaeaiith eiia?iaoe?eiith caeaoi?noth. Inoaiiy ? niaaeeiaith ? iiaea
aooe oe?iei aeei?enoaia o ae?iaieoeoa? oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??.

Iei? aeinoaoiuei aeaoaeueii ?ic?iaeythoueny ieoaiiy iiaeaethaaiiy
naeaeoe?eieo iciae a oaa?eiieoeoa? oa ioao?aieoeoa?. ?ic?iaeai? iiaeae?
y?/ii?, iiei/ii? oa iynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? (Mc.Millan, 1970 O.Bridges,
1986). Aeei?enoaiiy oeeo iiaeaeae aeicaiey? aecia/eoe eiiiiiaioe
neeaaeieo iie?aaiieo iciae ? cae?enithaaoe a?aea?? ca aeaiaioaie
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, yeee oai?aoe/ii a?eueo aoaeoeaiee (Ae.Oain ? Ae.Oi?ee?,
1987). Oaeiae iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?eioeeie noaa?e?coth/iai a?aeai?o
aeey noai?aiiy aio/eeo nenoai ae?iuoaaiiy ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyeo e
aenieoaoaoe?? oiaa?ieo a?a?eae?a i?e oiia? aeae?eaiiy c iiioeyoe??
o?ueio oei?a iniaei ca i??ieie iciaeaie i?ion-aa??aioe, iethn-aa??aioe ?
iiaeaeueiee eean (A.I.Eiaaeaiei, 1997).

Aeoiaey/e c aeua aeeeaaeaiiai, aeooaeueiei ? i?iaaaeaiiy
ii??aiyeueiiai aia- e?co oei?a i?aeai?o i?e naeaeoe?? iiei/ii? ooaeiae,
aea/aiiy aeene?aoiino? aeine?ae- aeo?ieo no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a ii?iaee,
aecia/aiiy ?o aa??ain ? aoaeo?a caaaeueii? oa niaoeeo?/ii?
eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiinoae, ii??aiyeueiiai aea/aiiy
aenoa???ii-eiinoeoooe?eieo ? i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?a?aiaie. ?iaioa aoea neeaaeiaith
/anoeiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ? ae- eiioaaeanue ca?aeii c oaiith ?ic?iaea aaiaoe/ieo
iniia naeaeoe?? oaa?ei c aeei?enoaiiyi no/anieo aeinyaiaiue
iiioeyoe?eii? ? aeieia?/ii? aaiaoeee (N aea?ae. ?aa?no?aoe??
0195U028318).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue noaei aea/aiiy
aieeao aioo??ii?iaeiiai i?aeai?o c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ia?eaeeiao oa
i?aee?i?eieo e?in?a ia iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a, a oaeiae
anoaiiaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy i?eioeei?a noaa?e?coth/iai
a?aeai?o i?e naeaeoe?? iiei/ii? ooaeiae.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoee aecia/ai? oae? caaaeaiiy

— i?iaanoe ioe?ieo i?ia?aeieo e?i?e /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee ca
iciaeaie ii-

ei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?

— aecia/eoe nooi?iue aaiaoe/ii? aeene?aoiino? aeine?aeaeo?ieo e?i?e ?
?o eiia?ia-

iaoe?e

— i?iaanoe ioe?ieo aooa?aaeiiai oa ?ia?aaeiiai ?icaaaeaiiy iiei/ii?
ooaeiae

— ioe?ieoe ??ci? oeie i?aeai?o ca oiiaaie e?ine?i?eiiai oa
aioo?eoiueie?i?eii-

ai ?icaaaeaiiy oaa?ei

— aea/eoe aoaeoe i?yieo ? ?aoeei?ieieo e?in?a ia iiei/io
i?iaeoeoeai?noue

ooaeiae

— anoaiiaeoe aoaeoeai?noue ioe?iee oaa?ei ca i?ia?o-iaoiaeii i?e
noaa?e?coth/i-

io a?aeai??

— aecia/eoe aa??aine caaaeueii? oa niaoeeo?/ii? eiia?iaoe?eii?
caeaoiino? e?i?e

/a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee i?e ??cieo oeiao i?aeai?o.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa aeey iiei/ii?
ooaeiae anoaiiaeaia aeioe?euei?noue aea/aiiy eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino?
no?oeoo?ieo aea- iaio?a ii?iaee c aecia/aiiyi aaoa?iceniiai aoaeoo,
cae?eniaia ioe?iea aaiaoe/- ii? aeene?aoiino? e?i?e ia i?aenoaa?
eeanoa?iiai aiae?co ?c aeei?enoaiiyi AII, oa aeeiiaia ?ioaa?aeueia
ioe?iea oaiioeiiai? oe?iiino? iiei/ii? ooaeiae, yea ia? aenieee ??aaiue
cayceo c iiei/iith i?iaeoeoeai?noth ? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ye iaoiae
a?aeai?o oaa?ei.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
a?aea?? oaa?ei c iioeiaeueieo eean?a ?iciiae?eo ca i??ieie iciaeaie
ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith ?o iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, iie?auo? naeaeoe?ei?
iciaee ooaeiae. Aeei?enoaiiy ioe?iee eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? aeicaiey?
i?iaiicoaaoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue oaa?ei, ni?yiiaaii io?eioaaoe aaoa?iceniee
aoaeo ca naeaeoe?eieie iciaeaie. Aeei?enoaiiy e?aueo ii?aeiaiue e?i?e
caaacia/eoue aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a noi? 1684.01…52973.68 a?i, oiae? ye
aioo?eoiueie?i?eiee i?aea?? – 17532.25… 115078.70 a?i, a ?ia?eaeeia
iiei/ii? ooaeiae – caeoee o 135558.88…186183.23 a?eaaiue.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. ?ic?iaea oaiaoeee ? iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiue, ia?iaea ? nenoaiaoecaoe?y aeaieo, ?o aiae?c, oi?ioaaiiy
iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, ye? aeo?eathoue c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue
i?iaaaeai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi i?ae iaoeiaei ea??aieoeoaii aeieoi?a n.-a.
iaoe, i?ioani?a A.I.Eiaaeaiei.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aeeeaaeai? ? iaaiai?ai? ia i?aeiaeanieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo Ia?niaeoeai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo AIE I?e/i?iiii?nueeiai
?aa?iio (i.Ieeiea?a, 1996, 1997, 1998 ?iee), ia i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo Oai?/ee ?icaeoie iaoeiai? niaaeueie
aeaaeai?ea I.O.?aaiiaa (Aneai?y-Iiaa, 1998 ??e), ia iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
?inoeoooo (i.Oa?nii, 1998 ??e), ia ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?
aaiaoeee oa ?icaaaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei (i.Oa?nii, 1999
??e) ? aiae?ae? oa ?icaaaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei
(i.Ieeiea?a, 1999 ??e).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii aeaayoue
?ia?o o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, aea aeeeaaeaii iniiaiee ci?no iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. ?iaioa aeeth/a? anooi,
iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??ae ? iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe
aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy, aeniiaee, i?iiiceoe??
ae?iaieoeoao, nienie aeei?enoaiieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoee.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? ia 141 noi??ioe? iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo, ai?uothoue 54 oaaeeoe? ? iyoue ?enoie?a. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e
aeeth/a? 171 aeaea?aei, c ieo 29 ?iicaiieo.

Caaaeueia iaoiaeeea ? iniiai? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? o ia??iae c 1996 ii 1998 ??. ia eaoaae??
aaiaoeee ? ?icaaaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei Oa?niinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa a ieai?iieo ainiiaea?noaao
Oa?niinueei?, Ieeiea?anueei?, Caii??cueei? oa Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?
iaeanoae ii ?icaaaeaiith /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee.

Iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiue iineoaeeee oaa?eie /a?aiii? noaiiai?
? aiaea?- nueei? ii??ae caaaeueiei ianyaii 973 oa 190 aie, a?aeiia?aeii.
A ia?iaeo aoee caeo- /ai? 10-oue aioo?eoiueie?i?eieo ii?aeiaiue, 35
eiia?iaoe?e i?yiiai e?ino oa 32 – ?aoeei?ieiiai. Aoaie ? ianya
aeine?aeaeaiiai iaoa??aeo iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 1.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aeine?aeaeoaaeenue ii?iaeii-e?i?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee
/a?aiii? noaiiai? ooaeiae ca?aeii iaoiaeeee I.I.Ieioeinueeiai (1969)
aecia/aeenue iniaeeaino? aeeiai?ee iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
/enoiii?iaeieo oaa?ei aioo?eoiueie?i?eiiai ?icaaaeaiiy o ii??aiyii? ?c
iieacieeaie anueiai a?aoiaaiiai iiaie?ay oa c ?? aaiaoe/iei iioaioe?aeii
ca aeiiiiiaith naeaeoe?eiiai ?iaeaeno

N? = (2I + II + IA) 4
(1)

aea, I — na?aaei?e ??aaiue ?icaeoeo iciaee iaoa??a

II — na?aaei?e ??aaiue ?icaeoeo iciaee iaoa??a iaoa??a

IA — na?aaei?e ??aaiue ?icaeoeo iciaee iaoa??a aaouee?a

2 oa 4 — eiao?oe??ioe.

Aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? e?ine?i?eiiai ? aioo?eoiueie?i?eiiai
?icaaaeaiiy cae?enithaaee o aeaa i?eeiie. Iiia?aaeiuei ioe?iaii aieeae
i?yiiai ? ?aoeei?ieii-

ai e?in?a ia aieiai? naeaeoe?ei? iciaee iiei/ieo ei??a. Oaa?eie aoee
ca?oii- aai? ca aeaeaie i?aeai?o — ii 11-oue i?aee?i?eieo e?in?a oa
o?noue – aioo- ?eoiueie?i?eiiai ?icaaaeaiiy. Inoaii? i?eeiyo? ca
eiio?ieue ii??aithaaany aaiaoe/iee o?aiae iauaaee?a F1 aei aaiaoe/iiai
iioaioe?aeo aaouee?a. Aeio?eioaaeenue noaie aioo?eoiueie?i?eiee i?aea??
(“A”) — i?yiee e?in (“A”) — ?aoeei?ieiee e?in (“A”). Ioe?iai?
o?eaeoeyoue e?i?eii-ii?iaeieo ii?aeiaiue /a?aiii? noaiiai? ooaeiae.

Oaaeeoey 1 — Aoaie ? ianya aeine?aeaeaiue

Aoa-

ie Iaeiaioaaiiy aeine?aeaeaiueE?euee?noue
aeine?aeaea- iiai iiaie?ay, aie. 1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.Aea/aiiy ii?iaeii-e?i?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee ooaeiae

Aecia/aiiy aeene?aoiino? e?i?e ? ii?aeiaiue

Aea/aiiy aieeao nooiaith ?ia?eaeeiao ia iniiai? naeaeoe?ei? iciaee
iiei/ii? ooaeiae

Ioe?iea e?ine?i?eiiai ? aioo?eoiueie?i?eiiai i?ae- ai?o a iaaeao ii?iaee

Ioe?iea aieeao aaiioeiiaeo iniaeeainoae iaoiaea- ie aeenia?n?eiiai
aiae?co

Aecia/aiiy caaaeueii? ? niaoeeo?/ii? eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino?

Aeine?aeaeaiiy cayceo oeiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ? iiei/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ooaeiae 592

285

190

613

326

326

100 Ia o?aoueiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aecia/aii
aieea nooiaith ?ia?eaeeiao ia iniiai? ainiiaea?nueei ei?eni? iciaee o
ei??a aiaea?nueei? ii?iaee. I?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy iiei/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ooaeiae (iaae?e, ai?no aee?o, iiei/iee aee?) o
ii??aiyii? c ?? aaiaoe/iei iioaioe?aeii c aeei?enoaiiyi naeaeoe?eiiai
?iaeaeno oa ni?anoaaeaiiy ??aiy iciae o aei/ie ? iaoa??a a caeaaeiino?
a?ae nooiaith ?ia?eaeeiao. Ca eiio?ieueio a?oio i?eeiyo? oaa?eie
aooa?aaeiiai iioiaeaeaiiy.

Aecia/aiiy aeene?aoiino? no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue /a?aiii? noaiiai?
ii?iaee cae?eniaii ca 10-ia e?i?yie aioo?eoiueie?i?eiiai i?aeai?o.
Aea/aee ??ai? iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a ca ia?oo, o?aoth ? e?auo
eaeoaoe??, a oaeiae ca ae?ii/eie i?aaeeaie i?iaaiae?a, iieacieee
aenoa???o ? eiinoeoooe?? inoaii?o.

Aeey aecia/aiiy nii??aeiaiino? aai a?aei?iiino? e?i?e ca
ioe?ith?ieie aeieaie iciae ?ic?aoiaoaaee ca a?aeiia?aeieie i?ia?aiaie
aeenoaioe?th i?ae ieie (aaee?- aeiaa a?aenoaiue). C iaoith a?eueo
aeaoaeueii? ioe?iee ni?eueiiai iioiaeaeaiiy oa ??aiy

i?iaeoeoeaiino? aea/a?ieo aaiioei?a canoiniaaii eeanoa?iee aiae?c.
Ia?iaea iaoa??ae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaia c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeaoo
i?ia?ai STATISTICA-5.

I?iaaaeaii aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c i?ieeaino? iiei/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai ?
caii??cueeiai ciiaeueieo oei?a aeaayoe ii?aeiaiue, a?aeiia?aeii, ca
ia?oo, o?aoth ? e?auo eaeoaoe??, a oaeiae ca ii?oio?c?ieia?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie aeiy ? aeeaith ianith ei??a.

Ioe?ieo aa??ain oa aoaeo?a caaaeueii? (g.c.a.) ? niaoeeo?/ii?
(s.c.a.) eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeeeith
I.A.Oaae?ia, Ae.Ae.N?e?na, A.A.Nie?y?aa (1980) oa A.I.Eiaaeaiei (1972),
aeei?enoiaoth/e ia?oo iiaeaeue.

Ia inoaiiueiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaethaaee caycie
oeiieia?/ieo inia-

eeainoae (ca i?ii??aie ? ?iaeaenaie) ei??a /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee c
?o iiei/-

iith i?iaeoeoeai?noth. Ia i?aenoaa? ioe?iee eiaeiiai c /ioe?ueio
i?ii???a (aenioa a

oieoe?, eina aeiaaeeia ooeoao, iaoaao a?oaeae ca eiiaoeaie ? iaoaao
iynoea) oa aee-

ai? iane oaa?eie aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia eeane i?ion (I-),
iiaeaeueiee (Ii) oa

iethn-aa??aioe (I+). Ii eiaei?e c iyo? iciae aoee cae?eniai? i?ia?oe

P = (Xi – X) + 5
(2)

aea, Xi — ?iaeea?aeoaeueia cia/aiiy iciaee X — na?aaei? cia/aiiy
iciaee

— aeenia?n?y ?iciiae?eo iciaee 5 — e?euee?noue iciae a
aeine?aeaeaii?.

Ca eiaeiei cia/aiiyi i?ia?oa ciaoiaeeee iaae? ?iciiae?eo aeey
iiaeaeueiiai

eeano (Ii) -O 0.67 i?e oeueiio, oaa?ei ?c cia/aiiyi i?ia?oo ieae/a
aeacaieo iaae, a?aeiineee aei eeano i?ion-aa??aio (I-), aeua — aei eeano
iethn-aa??aio (I+).

A?aeiinii eean?a ?iciiae?eo aoea cyniaaia e?euee?noue oaa?ei ?
ii?aoiaaia ?o /anoea. A?aeiia?aei?noue oaeoe/iiai ? oai?aoe/iiai
?iciiae?eo aecia/aee ca e?e- oa???i o?-eaaae?ao ? oaaeeoeue noaiaea?oieo
cia/aiue.

Ca cia/aiiyi na?aaei?o i?ia?o?a aoee aeae?eai? eeane, ciaeaeai?
na?aaei? cia- /aiiy i?ii???a, aeeai? iane, ?iaeaen?a o?eiaoaeiae ? iciae
iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoea- iino? ?c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeeee aa??aoe?eii?
noaoenoeee.

Aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue aieeao oei?a i?aeai?o iiei/ii? ooaeiae
??cieo aaiioei?a ?ic?aoiaoaaee ca?aeii Iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ?acoeueoao?a
iaoeiai- aeine?aeieo ? aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo i?aoeue, iiai?
oaoi?ee, aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?a-oe?iiae?caoi?nueeeo i?iiiceoe?e.

Ia?iaeo iieaciee?a cae?enithaaee ia i?ia?aio?iiio
i?e?ieaeueeoeyoi?? Aeaeo?ii?ea IE — 61 oa AII oeio Pentium — 100 ?c
iaai?ii i?ia?ai.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue

Ia?aiao?e iniiaieo iciae e?i?e /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee

Aiae?c aieiaieo naeaeoe?eieo iciae (iaae?e oa ai?no aee?o) o
ae?ii/eo i?aaee?a aeine?aeaeo?ieo e?i?e aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i ?o
nooo?ao ??cieoeth (oaae.2). Oae, ei?iae e?i?e Ceaoionoa, Eacaaea, Eo?ay,
Eaaeiiai oa Ooena ia?aaaaeaee (o iieacieeao naeaeoe?eiiai ?iaeaeno)
na?aaei? cia/aiiy anueiai a?aoiaaiiai iiaie?ay ca iaaei?i ia 4.98, 1.84,
3.24, 2.38, 5.04, a?aeiia?aeii, a ?aooa – iinooiaeenue ia 2.15 — 7.97.
Ca ai?noii aee?o ia?aaaao iaee ei?iae e?i?e Caana (1.82), Eacaaea
(1.56), Eo?ay oa ?eaaea (0.52) ? iaea?eueoa – Eaaeiiai (3.64).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aaiaoe/iee iioaioe?ae ae?ii/eo i?aaee?a iaea?eueo
aenieee o oaa?ei e?i?? Eaaeiiai, Ooena oa ?eaaea ? iaeiaioee – A?ceoa oa
Caana c oe?i- oith i?ieeaino? 186.5 — 213.5 ea aee?o.

Oaaeeoey 2 — Aaiaoe/iee iioaioe?ae oaa?ei ??cieo e?i?e ca iaaei?i oa

ai?noii aee?o

Cia/aiiy naeaoe?eiiai ?iaeaeno ca
iaaei?i, eaai?noii aee?o a iie ioe?,%E?i?yncia/aiiy
a?aeoeeaiiycia/aiiy a?aeoeeaiiyiciaee

(X)aani-ethoi?a?aeiini?iciaee

(X)aani-ethoi?a?aeiini?Aiaeaeoca325108-1122.153.80-0.051.30A?ceoa134949-
2715.193.75-0.102.60Aanaeiai264959-2615.003.83-0.020.52Ceaoionoa12548026
04.983.79-0.061.56Caana204804-4167.973.920.071.82Eacaaea325316
961.843.910.061.56Eo?ay1953891693.243.870.020.52Eaaeiiai3153441242.383.9
90.143.64?eaaea415038-1823.493.870.020.52Ooena5954832635.043.80-0.051.30
Na?aaei?2855220oo3.85oo Aea/aiiy aeanii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a
na?ae/eoue, ui iaea?eueoee ??aaiue ca aeaieie ia?oi? eaeoaoe?? aoa o
oaa?ei e?i?e A?ceoa (6094344 ea) ? Ceaoionoa (5926315 ea), ca ai?noii
aee?o – e?i?? Eacaaea (4.080.06) ? Eaaeiiai (4.10

0.05). AEe?iiiiei/iith aeyaeeanue ooaeiaa e?i?e A?ceoa (?0.95), Eaaeiiai
(?

0.95) oa Ceaoionoa (?0.95), ye? iathoue 1749.6 — 17517.6 ea iiei/iiai
aee?o ca ia?oo eaeoaoe?th aiie ae caa?aaee oeth ia?aaaao ? ca e?auo
eaeoaoe?th — 24615.7 — 2175.0 ea i?e ?0.95.

Ei?iae e?i?e A?ceoa ? Eaaeiiai ia?aaaaeaee na?aaei? cia/aiiy
a?aoiaaiiai a aeine?aeaeaii? iiaie?ay oaa?ei ca ?aooiie iaeii/aniiai
ca?eueoaiiy iaaeith ? ai?noo aee?o, a oie /an ye e?i?e Ceaoionoa ? Ooena
– o?eueee ca iaaeiyie, a Eacaaea – eeoa ca ai?noii aee?o (4.080.06,
?0.99). Aenieiaeinoia??ii iinooiathoueny ??aiai i?iaeoeoeaiino? ca e?auo
eaeoaoe?th on?i aeine?aeaeaiei a?oiai oaa?eie

e?i?? Caana, ui iaoiiaeaii iecueeei iaaei?i (4839141 ea, ?0.99) oa
ai?noii aee?o a iieioe? (3.840.03, ?0.95).

Ca aeaieie an?o eaeoaoe?e a?aeiinii iecueeei ??aiai iaaei?a
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny oaa?eie e?i?? Eo?ay (3584-4719-4898 ea, ?0.95 —
?0.99) ? Caana (3758-4772- 4839 ea, ?0.95 — ?0.99), a ca ai?noii aee?o –
Ceaoionoa (3.79-3.75-3.87, ? 0.99 — ?0.999) ? Aiaeaeoca (3.81-3.82-3.80,
?0.95 — ?0.99).

Ii??aiyiiy aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo oa aeanii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
oaa?ei e?i?e na?ae/eoue i?i ??ciee aieea iaoa??a ? aaouee?a ia ??aaiue
?icaeoeo naeaeoe?eieo ic- iae. A e?i?yo A?ceoa, Aiaeaeoca ? Ceaoionoa
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ia?aaaaeii i?aiioaioi? ie?aeieee-iie?iooaa/? ca
iaaei?i ? oiio /anoea aieeao iaoa??a ia aei/ie ia nooo?aa a ca ai?noii
aee?o a iieioe? – a o?e aea e?i?? A?ceoa oa Eacaaea ? Eo?ay (oaae.3).
Oaa?eie e?i?e Eacaaea, Eaaeiiai ? iniaeeai Eo?ay oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
cia/ii iaioei ??aiai iiei/iino? o ii??aiyii? c aaiaoe/iei iioaioe?aeii
(ia 1.75 0.99 oa 9.11, a?aeiia?aeii), a ca aee?i?noth iieiea – a?eueoei
ia 4.35, 2.76 oa 4.13, a?aeiia?aeii, oiae? ye e?i?e Ceaoionoa ? Caana –
iaaiaee.

Oaaeeoey 3 — Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea ei??a ??cieo e?i?e c ?o
aaiaoe/iei

iioaioe?aeii

Iieacieee aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo ?

?icaeoeo iciae iioiinoaa ca e?auo ??aiy

eaeoaoe?thE?i?yn aaiaoe/iee iioiinoai ??cieoey
iioaioe?ae aaniethoia a?aeiinia

Aiaeaeoca

32 O1 O2

5108 3,80 O1 O2

5420 3,80 O1 O2

312 0 O1 O2

6,11 0A?ceoa13 4949 3,75 6049 4,06 1100 0,31
22,23 8,27Aanaeiai26 4959 3,83 4991 3,88 32 0,05
0,65 1,31Ceaoionoa12 5480 3,79 5826 3,78 346 -0,01
6,31 0,26Caana20 4804 3,92 4839 3,84 35 -0,08
0,73 2,04Eacaaea32 5916 3,91 5223 4,08 -93 0,17
1,75 4,35Eo?ay19 5389 3,87 4898 4,03 -491 0,16 9,11
4,13Eaaeiiai31 5344 3,99 5291 4,10 -53 0,11 0,99
2,76?eaaea41 5038 3,87 5036 3,84 -2 -0,03 0,04
0,78Ooena59 5483 3,80 5540 3,87 57 0,07 1,04
1,84Na?aaei?285 5220 3,85 5287 3,92 67 0,07 1,28
1,82I?ei?oea O1 – iaae?e iieiea, ea O2 – ai?no aee?o a iieioe?,%.

Ca aeeaith ianith iioiinoai e?i?e A?ceoa, Ceaoionoa, Ooena,
Aiaeaeoca oa ?eaaea ia 3223.0 ea, 2718.4, 269.0, 2313.1 ? 611.9 ea,
a?aeiia?aeii, ia?aaaaeaee na?aaei? iieacieee (oaae.4), oiae? ye ei?iae
e?i?? Eaaeiiai iaee iaeiaioo aeeao iano ? ??aaiue ?? i?ieeaino? (Cv =
7.5). Iaeiaioo oaeaee?noue iieieia?aeaea/? iaee ei?iae e?i?? Eacaaea
(1.320.22 ea/oa, ?0.95), ? o?eueee ei?iae e?i?e Eo?ay, Aanaeiai, ?eaaea
oa Ceaoionoa ia?aaaaeaee iieaciee 1.70 ea/oa (?0.95 — ? 0.999). ?acii c
oei a na?aaeiueiio /a?aiia noaiiaa ooaeiaa ca

aeeaith ianith aeineoue eiinie?aeiaaia, a ca oaeaee?noth iieieia?aeaea/?
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny cia/iith i?ieeainoth.

Oaaeeoey 4 — Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea iieaciee?a ?icaeoeo ? oaeaeeino?
iieieia?ae-

aea/? ei??a o caeaaeiino? a?ae
e?i?eiiai neeaaeo

??aaiue ?icaeoeo iciae, ?o i?ieea?noue oa
eiia??i?noueE?i?yn aeeaa iana, ea oaeaee?noue
iieieia?aeaea/?, ea/oaX SxCvd SdX SxCvd
SdAiaeaeoca3253012,112,92313,11,530,0618,3
-0,160,07*A?ceoa1353922,415,03223,01,610,0917,0-0,080,09Aanaeiai2649411,
612,0 -1312,71,780,0716,4
0,090,08Ceaoionoa1253417,711,52718,41,720,1020,8
0,030,10Caana1950714,412,701,650,0717,7-0,040,08Eacaaea324818,610,2
-269,99**1,320,2223,6-0,370,20Eo?ay1948319,117,3-2419,81,910,1024,7
0,220,10Eaaeiiai314636,37,5 -448,1***—?eaaea4151310,813,5
611,91,760,0929,5 0,070,09Ooena595337,410,7
269,0**1,660,0625,1-0,030,07Na?aaei?2855075,117,2o1,690,0324,0oI?ei?oea
??cieoey ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieueii? a?oie aeinoia??ia i?e *-

?0.95, **-?0.99, ***-?0.999.

Aeene?aoi?noue aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo

iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a ??cieo e?i?e

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae ae?ii/eo i?aaee?a
ei??a /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee aeicaieythoue noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ??
e?i?? iathoue nooo?ao

??cieoeth ca iniiaieie iciaeaie naeaeoe??.

Eeanoa?iee aiae?c ?iciiae?eo aeayeeo no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a ii?iaee
ca ia- ?aiao?aie iieaciee?a iaaeith ? ai?noo aee?o a iieioe? aeicaiey?
aecia/eoe o?e oa?oioaaiiy e?i?e Aiaeaeoc – ?eaae – Aanaeee Caan – Eo?ae
– A?ceo – Eacaae – Eaaeiee oa Ceaoiono – Ooen.

Aea/aiiy aeanii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a oeeo aea e?i?e aeicaieeei
aeyaeoe ?o

nooo?ao aeene?aoi?noue ia o?eueee ca iaaei?i oa ai?noii aee?o, a ? ca
e?euee?noth iiei/iiai aee?o, aeeaith ianith ia?a?noie oa oaeaee?noth
iieieia?aeaea/?. Oae, oaa?eie e?i?? Eo?ay, A?ceoa, Ceaoionoa, Eacaaea ?
Eaaeiiai oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaeiaioith aaiaoe/iith a?aenoaiith ?
ooai?ththoue iaeei eeanoa?, oiae? ye o ae?oaee oa?eoee ia?a?noee e?i?e
Aiaeaeoca, Ooena, Aanaeiai, Caana oa ?eaaea ?c cia/iei a?aeoeeaiiyi a?ae
iiia?aaeiueiai oa?oioaaiiy a 0.053-0.035 iaeeieoeue.

Aeaiae?ia?aia aaiaoe/ii? a?aenoai? no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a /a?aiii?
noaiiai? ii?iaee ca iieacieeaie iaaeith, ai?noo aee?o a iieioe? oa
e?euee?noth iiei/iiai aee?o ca e?auo eaeoaoe?th (?en.1), oaeiae,
ooai?th? aeaa eeanoa?e ia?oee –

Aiaeaeoc – Ooen – Eacaae – Eaaeiee – Ceaoiono ? ae?oaee – Aanaeee –
?eaae – Eo?ae – Caan. Aea nooi?iue aaiaoe/ii? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? a iaaeao
iaio eeanoa??a (o ii??aiyii? c oaeeie ca ia?oo eaeoaoe?th) cia/ii
ca?eueoeeanue, oi/a caeeoeeenue ? “oioiaei?” e?i?? – Aiaeaeoc ? Ooen,
Eacaae ? Eaaeiee, Aanaeee ? ?eaae.

?acii c oei iii?oia iainiaeai?noue e?i?? A?ceoa, yea oa?aeoa?ia ?
?? ae?ii/ei i?aaeeai i?e oeueiio e?euee?noue ioe?iaieo iciae iaeaea
ni?aiaaea?.

Ii??aiyeueiei aiae?cii aeaiae?ia?ai aenoa???ii-eiinoeoooe?eieo
iniaeeainoae ? iciae iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ca e?auo eaeoaoe?th
aeyaeaia oioiaei?noue eeanoa?iiai ?iciiae?eo e?i?e /a?aiii? noaiiai?
ii?iaee, ui aeaco? ia iaaiee caycie iniiaieo ? ae?oai?yaeieo iciae
naeaeoe?? iiei/ii? ooaeiae.

Aiaeaeoc

Ooen

Eacaae

Eaaeiee

Ceaoiono

Aanaeee

?eaae

Eo?ae

Caan

A?ceo

0.00 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08
0.10 0.12 0.14

?en.1. Aeaiae?ia?aia aaiaoe/ii? a?aenoai? i?ae oaa?eiaie /a?aiii?
noaiiai?

ii?iaee ??cieo e?i?e ca e?auo eaeoaoe?th

Aieea nooiaith ?ia?eaeeiao ia iniiai? naeaeoe?ei? iciaee

iiei/ii? ooaeiae

Aiae?c aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo oaa?ei aeine?aeieo a?oi ca iaaei?i
oa ai?noii aee?o a iieioe? aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui io?eiai? i?e
a?aeaeaeaiiio ?ia?eaeei- ao ei?iae ca iaaei?i iathoue ia?aaaao iaae
aooa?aaeieie oaa?eiaie, a oie /an ye a ?ioeo aa??aioao ?ia?eaeeiao —
iinooiathoueny, i?e oeueiio ?c ca?eueoaiiyi nooiaith ?ia?aaeiino?
??cieoey ca?eueoo?oueny. Ea?aeeiaeueii i?ioeeaaeia oa?aeoa?enoeea
ae?ii/eo i?aaee?a oaa?ei ??cieo nooiai?a ?ia?eaeeiao ca ai?noii aee?o a
iieioe?. Aaiaoe/iee iioaioe?ae oaa?ei on?o aeine?aeieo a?oi ca oe??th
iciaeith ieae/ee i?ae o oaa?ei aooa?aaeiiai iioiaeaeaiiy ? iaeiaioa
??cieoey aeyaeaia o oaa?ei aeecueeiai oeio ?ia?eaeeiao – 0.05 ai?noo
aee?o a iieioe?, ui ciaoiaeeoueny ia ??ai? iaeiiai a?aenioea, a ?ioeo
a?oiao – a?ae 1.4 aei 5.6 (oaae.5). Aiaeia?/ii ca iciaeith
aee?iiiiei/iino? iaea?eueo nooo?aa ??cieoey aeyaeaia o iaoa??a oaa?ei
??cieo nooiai?a ?ia?eaeeiao (-14…-31 ea) oa iaoa??a aaouee?a o?niiai,
aeecueeiai ? iii??iiai nooiai?a, /iai ia niinoa??aa?oueny o iaoa??a
iaoa??a, aea aiia i?aeoe/ii a?aenooiy.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? iioiinoaa ca an?ia
oi?iaie i?aeai?o ? /?oeei i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi iaaaoeaiiai aieeao
?ia?eaeeiao ia iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a. Ocaaaeueiaiiy
iieaciee?a iaaeith oa ai?noo aee?o

Oaaeeoey 5 — Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo oaa?ei
aooa?aaeiiai

? ?ia?aaeiiai iioiaeaeaiiy
??cieo nooiai?a

Oei Cia/aiiy naeaeoe?eiiai ?iaeaeno cai?aeai?on
iaaei?i, ea ai?noii aee?o,%oa nooiai? a?aeoeeaiiy
a?aeoeeaiiy?ia?eaeiaoOaaniethoi?a?aeiini?Oaaniethoi?a?aeiini?O?niee1052
73-2544,574,89-0,112,2Aeecueee505461
-961,734,95-0,051,0Iii??iee485362-1953,514,93-0,071,4A?aeaeaeaiee225632
751,354,72-0,285,6Aooa?eaeeia505557oo5oo(oaae.6) na?ae/aoue, ui eeoa ii
ia?o?e eaeoaoe?? ei?iae a?aeaeaeaiiai ?ia?eaeeiao ia 56.7ea (?0.95)
ia?aaaaeaee aooa?aaeieo, a ?aooa – iinooiaeenue. Ca o?aoth oa e?auo
eaeoaoe?? ei?iae on?o a?oi iaee a??oee ??aaiue i?iaeoeoeaiino?, i?ae
aooa?aaei? oaa?eie ? a?ae ia?oi? aei e?aui? eaeoaoe?? a??ia?aei?noue
iaea?aeaieo iieaciee?a ca?eueooaaeanue, ye ? aa??aaaeuei?noue iciae.
?acii c oei, aeyaeaia iaaaoeaia oaiaeaioe?y i?ae iaeii/aniei ciaioaiiyi
??aiy ?icaeoeo iciaee oa ca?eueoaiiyi eiao?oe??ioo aiiiceaioiino?.

Oaaeeoey 6 — AEe?iiiiei/i?noue ei??a aiaea?nueei? ii?iaee o
caeaaeiino? a?ae

oeio
?ia?eaeeiao

Oei i?ae-

ai?o oa E?euee?noue iiei/iiai aee?o, eanooiai? n
ia?oa eaeoaoe?y o?aoy eaeoaoe?y e?aua eaeoaoe?y?ia?eaeeiaoX Sxd
SdX Sxd SdX Sxd
SdO?niee1018310,5-1111,524314,0-2516,224717,1-5018,9*Aeecueeee501744,3-2
06,3**2276,9-4110,6**2294,7-689,4***Iii??iee471803,5-145,8*2314,5-379,3*
**2304,0-679,0***A?aeaeaeaiee221994,9 56,72637,1
-510,82637,5-3411,0**Aooa?eaeeia501944,6×2688,1×2978,1x
?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ia?aiao??a iciae iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaoa??a (/a?ac
na- eaeoe?ei? ?iaeaene) oa ?o aei/ie ca e?auo eaeoaoe?th i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
iiia?aaei? aen-

iiaee i?i iaaaoeaiee aieea ?ia?eaeeiao ia ??aaiue iaaeith iieiea ca
aeiyoeii ei??a a?aeaeaeaiiai ?ia?eaeeiao (oaae.7). Inoaii? oa ei?iae
aooa?aaeiiai ?icaaaeaiiy ia 416 oa 908 ea, a?aeiia?aeii, ia?aaaaeathoue
iieacieee aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo ae?ii/eo i?aaee?a. Ca ai?noii aee?o
ei?iae aooa?aaeiiai iioiaeaeaiiy oa o?nii ? iii??ii ?ia?aaeiaai?
iaea?eueo (0.43, 0.41 oa 0.40, a?aeiia?aeii) iinooieeenue ae?ii/ei
i?aaeeai.

Oaaeeoey 7 — Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea ei??a ??cieo aa??aio?a i?aeai?o c ?o

aaiaoe/iei iioaioe?aeii

Oei Iieacieee i?iaeoeoeaiino? ca e?auo eaeoaoe?thi?aeai?o oa
iaae?e, ea ai?no aee?o a iieioe?,
%nooiai?aaiaoe/ieeiioii-??cieoeyaaiaoe/ieeiioii-??cieoey?ia?eaeeiaoiioai
oe?aenoaiiioaioe?aenoaiO?niee52735531-2584,894,48-0,41Aeecueeee54625027-
4344,954,58-0,37Iii??iee53625079-2834,934,53-0,40A?aeaeaeaiee56326048
4164,724,37-0,35Aooa?aaei?55576465 9085,004,57-0,43Aieea e?ine?i?eiiai
?icaaaeaiiy ia naeaeoe?ei? iciaee ei??a

/a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee

An? aei/ee ??cieo oei?a i?aeai?o aenieia??ia?aeii ia?aaeueee
iieacieee nai?o iaoa??a (oaae.8) c iaea?eueoith ??cieoeath (603128 ea)
ca iaaei?i ii i?y-

iiio e?ino, a ca ai?noii aee?o (0.110.03) — i?e aioo?eoiueie?i?eiiio
?icaaaeaii?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyi oeeo iciae /a?ac naeaeoe?ei? ?iaeaene anoaiiaeaia
iaiao?aei?noue caiia?aaiiy e?inoaaiiy e?i?e ca iaaei?i, oiae? ye
aee?i?noue iieiea caeaoia iie?auoaaoenue i?e an?o oi?iao i?aeai?o, aea
iaeiaioa ei?enoue – a?ae ?aoeei?ieiiai ?icaaaeaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 8 — Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea oaa?ei ??ciiai oeio i?aeai?o ca
iaaei?i

oa ai?noii aee?o a iieioe? o
noi?aeieo iieie?iiyo

Ia?aiao?e iciae o iaoa??a ? aei/ie ca
e?auoeaeoaoe?thOeiIa?e iaae?e, ea
ai?no aee?o, %i?ae-iaoe- X Sx ??cieoey oa ?? X
Sx ??cieoey oa ??ai?oaei/eaaei/ieiaoa??a a??ia?aei?noueaei/ieiaoa??a
a??ia?aei?noueA148534177475896
583123***3,900,023,790,020,110,03***A1605382694779108
603128***3,860,013,760,020,100,02***A1635371724826101
545124***3,850,013,760,020,090,02*** Ca o?eaae?noth eaeoaoe??,
oaeaee?noth iieieia?aeaea/? oa aeeaith ianith ei??a aei-

noia??ieo ??cieoeue ia aoei aeyaeaii.

Aiae?cii eiie?aoieo eiia?iaoe?e e?i?e ca iaaeiyie e?aui? eaeoaoe??
an? oeie e?in?a o ii?aeiaiiyo c oaa?eiaie e?i?e Aanaeiai, Caana, Eo?ay
ia?aaeueee iieacieee oaa?ei aioo?eoiueie?i?eiiai ?icaaaeaiiy ia 30235 —
752243 ea (?0.95 — ?0.99) iieiea.

Iaeaeuee ??aaiue iaaei?a aeyaeaiee o ei??a e?i?? A?ceoa — 6049344
ea, iaeiaioee – Caana (4838141 ea). Aioo?eoiueie?i?ei? oaa?eie A?ceoa,
Ooena ? Eo?ay iaeaea ca an?ia eaeoaoe?yie ia?aaaaeaee e?inia?
eiia?iaoe?? (?0.95 — ?0.99) ?c iaea?eueoei ai?noii aee?o ca e?auo
eaeoaoe?th o ei??a e?i?? A?ceoa – 4.060.09, a ca ia?oo – e?ino Eo?ae o
Caan – 4.110.09 a inoaii?o iciaea c a?eii ciaioeeanue aei 4.030.08.

Aioo?eoiueie?i?ei? eiia?iaoe?? A?ceoa (24616 ea) ? Ceaoionoa (22312
ea) iathoue iaea?eueoo aee?iiiiei/i?noue ? ia?aaaaeathoue a?aeiia?aei?
e?inia? eiia?iaoe?? ia 2521 — 4218 ea oa 218 — 14 16 ea (?0.95),
a?aeiia?aeii.

Aiae?c iieaciee?a oaeaeeino? iieieia?aeaea/? aeaco? ia ia?aaaao ia
??ai? ia?oiai-ae?oaiai ii?ia?a a??ia?aeiino? i?yiiai e?ino A?ceo o
Ceaoiono ? ?aoeei?ieiiai oeio A?ceo o Ceaoiono a ii??aiyii? c oaa?eiaie
aioo?eoiueie?i?eiiai ?icaaaeaiiy a e?i?yo Ceaoionoa oa A?ceoa,
a?aeiia?aeii ia 0.330.14 ea/oa oa 0.440.13 ea/oa. E?ine?i?ei?
eiia?iaoe?? ?aoeei?ieiiai oeio o oaa?ei e?i?? A?ceoa ciaioothoue aeeao
iano ia 1227 — 1425 ea, a ca oeiii i?yiiai e?ino – iaaiaee. Iaeii/anii,
an? i?aee?i?ei? ii?aeiaiiy ?c i?aaenoaaieeaie e?i?? Eo?ay, iniaeeai
?aoeei?ieiiai aa??aioo aeyaeeenue e?aueie (ia 57 27 — 5529 ea, ? 0.95)
i?ae i?e aioo?eoiueie?i?eiiio i?aeai??.

Eiia?iaoe?eia caeaoi?noue e?i?e /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee

Aeenia?n?eiei aiae?cii anoaiiaeaia nooo?aa ??cieoey i?aee?i?eii?
aeeo- oa?aioe?aoe?? ca iniiaieie iciaeaie naeaeoe?? iiei/ii? ooaeiae.
Iane?aeee aiae?co na?ae/aoue i?i cia/io ia?aaaao aieeao iaoa?einueeiai
aaiioeio ia ??aaiue iaaeith ei??a aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai ciiaeueiiai oeio
(?0.95), aenieieiia??iee aieea aaiioeio iaio aaouee?a ia
aee?iiiiei/i?noue, oiae? ye oaeaee?noue iieieia?aeaea/? oa aeeaa iana
a?eueo caeaaei? a?ae ie?aeiee?a (?0.95 — ?0.95). O ooaeiae caii??cueeiai
ciiaeueiiai oeio aieea aaiioei?a aoa eiia??iei ia aee?iiiiei/i?noue
(?0.95) oa ai?no aee?o (?0.95), ??aaiue iaaeith ca e?auo eaeoaoe?th (?
0.95).

Aeai? aiae?co aa??ain eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? /a?aiii? noaiiai?
ii?iaee caii??cueeiai ciiaeueiiai oeio na?ae/aoue i?i aenieia??ia?aeiee
aieea CEC ia ??ciiiai?oi?noue eiia?iaoe?e e?in?a e?i?e ca iaaei?i, aea
aenieieiia??ii NEC ca oe??th iciaeith aoea aaea?/? a?eueoa. I?ieea?noue
ca ai?noii aee?o o iieioe? iauaaee?a a?eueoith i??ith coiiaeaia CEC,
oiae? ye ca e?euee?noth iiei/iiai aee?o –iaeii/anii CEN ? NEC, a
??ciiiai?oi?noue aeeai? iane caeaaeeoue ia?aaaaeii a?ae NEC, yea iaeaea
aaea?/? a?eueoa ca CEC a oaeee oai, ye oaeaee?noue iieieia?aeaea/? – a
??ai?e i??? iaoiiaeai aieeaaie iaio eiia?iaoe?eieo caeaoiinoae (?0.99).

Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea aoaeo?a eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? (oaae.9 ?
10) aea? i?aenoaao noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui oaa?eie e?i?? Eo?ay, ye? aeyaeeeny
e?aueie (aoaeo +121) ca CEC ? a eiie?aoi?e eiia?iaoe?? c e?i??th
Aanaeiai iieacaee aenieee ?a-

coeueoao ca ia?eueiiiiei/i?noth (ia?oa i?noea na?aae on?o aei?iaoaaiue).
Iiae?aia oaiaeaioe?y niinoa??aa?oueny o aeua cacia/aieo e?i?yo ? ca
e?euee?noth iiei/iiai aee?o. A oie aea /an ie?aeieee e?i?? Aanaeiai i?e
iecuee?e CEC a ii?aeiaii? c e?i??th Caana i?iyaeee aenieee nooi?iue
aaoa?iceno ca iaaei?i oa aee?iiiiei/i?noth. Ca aeeaith ianith iaeaeuee
aoaeo CEC (+17) aeyaeaiee o ei??a e?i?? Eo?ay, oiae? ye ca NEC ia?oa
i?noea na?aae on?o aei?iaoaaiue iaeaaeeoue eiia?iaoe?? Caan o Eo?ae.
Aeniea nooi?iue aoaeoo aaoa?iceno ca oaeaee?noth iieieia?aeaea/?
aeanoeaa ei?iaai e?i?? Eo?ay, ui iaoiiaeaii iaiia eiia?iaoe?eieie
caeaoiinoyie, a niaoeeo?/ia, i/aaeaeii, iineeth? ?icaeoie iciae i?e
aioo?eoiueie?i?eiiio ?icaaaeaii? (+0.14) ca ?aooiie eiinie?aeaoe??
niaaeeiaino? oa oeneo a?aeai?o.

Oaaeeoey 9 — Ioe?iea aoaeo?a caaaeueii? eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino?
/a?aiii?

noaiiai? ooaeiae caii??cueeiai
ciiaeueiiai oeio

E?i??Iaae?e,Ai?noE?euee?noueAEeaaOaeaee?noueooaeiaeeaaee?o
aiiei/iiaiiana,iieieia?aeaea/?,iieioe?,%aee?o, eaeaea/oaAanaeiai
36-0,03-1-10-0,06Caana-157-0,03-8-7-0,03Eo?ay 121 0,08 817 0,09Oaaeeoey
10 — Ioe?iea aoaeo?a (?ij) niaoeeo?/ii? eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino?

/a?aiii? noaiiai? ooaeiae caii??cueeiai
ciiaeueiiai oeio

E?i?? ooaeiae

(iaoa?einuee?)Iciaee E?i?? ooaeiae (aaoue

Aanaeiai Caanae?anuee?)

Eo?ayAanaeiaiO1-277,00-19,00297,00O2 0,05 0,01 -0,07O3
-8,000 9,00O4 3,00 -24,00 22,00O5 0,07 0,03
-0,10CaanaO1239,00-116,00-123,00O2 -0,03 -0,03 0,05O3 9,00
-6,00 -2,00O4 -4,00 -1,00 6,00O50 0,03
-0,03Eo?ayO137,00135,00-173,00O2-0,03 0,01 -0,89O3 1,00 6,00
-6,00O4 2,00 26,00 -27,00O5 -0,07 -0,07 0,14Anoaiiaeaii, ui
oaa?eie e?i?? Eo?ay iaee iaeaeuo CEC ?, iaeii/anii, iecueeee iieaciee
NEC ca a?eueo?noth naeaeoe?eieo iciae, oiae? ye ooaeiaa ?ioeo e?i?e
caii??cueeiai ciiaeueiiai oeio – iaaiaee.

Ioaea, iaoiae ae?aeeaeueieo e?in?a e?i?e aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe aoaeoe
aaoa?iceno ? a?aeiinio aaee/eio caaaeueii? ? niaoeeo?/ii? eiia?iaoe?eii?
caeaoiinoae aaiaoe/ii? aa??aine.

Noaa?e?coth/ee a?aea?? a naeaeoe?? iiei/ii? ooaeiae

I?ia?o-iaoiae aeaa ciiao aecia/eoe /?oe? ??cieoe? ca an?ia
a?aoiaaieie iieacieeaie ioe?iee o?eiaoaeiae iiei/ii? ooaeiae ? oaeei
/eiii, ui oaa?eie iiaeaeueiiai eeano ia?aaaaeathoue aiaeia?/ieo
i?ion-aa??aio?a, aea ? iinooiathoueny iethn-aa??aioai (oaae.11).
Iiae?aia oaiaeaioe?y aeanoeaa ? oa?aeoa?o ci?ie i?ieeaino? aeeai? iane,
eini? aeiaaeeie ooeoaa oa iaoaaoo a?oaeae ca eiiaoeaie, oiae? ye ca
aenioith a oieoe? ? iaoaaoii iynoea – iaaiaee. I/aaeaeiei ? ? oie oaeo,
ui ooaeiaa eeano I- aoea iaea?eueo eiiiaeoiith, iaeiaio caeoith,
ii??aiyii oiieieinoiith ? c iaeiaioei ?icaeoeii iynieo /anoei ooeoao,
oiae? ye ei?iae eeano I+ ia 9 oa 7 aeiaoa, a?aeiia?aeii, aiaeia?a I- oa
Ii. Ei?iae – iethn-aa??aioe i?e iaeaeu?e caeoino? oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue
iaeneiaeueiei (ca aeine?aeieie a?oiaie) ?iaeaenii iyniino? (1927.5), ui
iiaycaii c aa?iei ?icaeoeii iii?ii? nenoaie (?iaeaen einoenoino? –
15.30.3). I?aaenoaaieee iiaeaeueiiai eeano iaee i?ii?aei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Oaaeeoey 11 — Iieacieee aeayeeo naeaeoe?eieo iciae ??cieo eean?a
?iciiae?eo

EeaneIciaee I- (n = 21) Ii (n = 58) I+ (n =
21)X SxCvX SxCvX SxCvIaae?e,
ea5175158,713,75201115,916,5582422317,1Ai?no aee?o a iieioe?,
%3,870,056,103,910,035,803,970,078,0E?euee?noue iiei/iiai

aee?o, ea

2006,4

14,3

2034,6

17,0

23210,2

19,6Aeiei? aei?, aei 33630,512,93382617,231418,514,4Oaeaee?noue
iieieia?aeaea/?, ea/oa

1,670,1

25,5

1,670,05

21,9

1,640,10

23,1?iaeaen aeiy, %47,41,612,4 471,012,6481,410,3 Aiae?c ia?aiao??a
iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? a iaaeao cae?eniaieo iiia?aaeiuei oa?oioaaiue
aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ei?iae iiaeaeueiiai eeano ca ia?oo
eaeoaoe?th (5201115.9 ea) iinooiathoueny ia 623 ea (?0.99) iieiea
aiaeia?/iei I+ eeano ? ia?aaaaeathoue i?ion-aa??aioe ia 26 ea (?0.95).
Iiae?aia oaiaeaioe?y aeyaeaia ? ca ai?noii aee?o a iieioe? (0.0.7, ?
0.95 0.04, ?0.95) oa e?euee?noth iiei/iiai aee?o (29 ea, ?0.99 3 ea,
?0.95), ia?aiao??a i?ieeaino? oeeo iciae. I?ioa ia anoaiiaeaii iiae?aii?
oaiaeaioe?? ca iieacieeaie oaeaeeino? iieieia?aeaea/? oa ?iaeaeno aeiy.
Oa?aeoa?ii, ui aaiaoe/ia a?aenoaiue ca aenoa???ii-eiinoeoooe?eiei ?
i?iaeoeoeaieie iciaeaie ni?aiaaea?, i?e /iio a?aenoaiue Ii – I+ a?eueoa,
i?ae I- – Ii. Ioaea eeane oaa?ei, ye? ia?aaaaeathoue ?iaanieoeue ca
oeiieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie aeineoue eiia??ii aoaeooue iaoe aeuo iiei/io
i?iaeoeoeai?noue, ui iiaeia a?aoiaoaaoe ye i?e oi?ioaaii? iiei/ieo
noaae, oae ? a i?ioean? a?aeai?o ieai?iieo oaa?ei.

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ??cieo oei?a i?aeai?o iiei/ii? ooaeiae

Ia i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aaaeaiei ?
aioo?eoiueie?i?eiee i?aea?? a e?i?yo Ceaoionoa, Eaaeiiai, Ooena, Eacaaea
? iniaeeai A?ceoa, aea ia ?ic?aooieiao e?euee?noue ei??a (400 aie, ye ?
ne??cue iaaeae?) a??ia?aeia iaea?aeaiiy 18.51 aeiaeaoeiai? e?eueeino?
iieiea, aai 115078.70 a?i. Iaeii/anii, caeoeiaei ? ?icaaaeaiiy e?i?e
Aanaeiai, ?eaaea, Eo?ay, Aiaeaeoca oa Caana.

Canoinoaaiiy ?ia?eaeeiao an?o nooiai?a ciaioo? ia?eueiiiiei/i?noue
ei??a ia 10.55 — 22.14, aai ia 88718.75 – 186183.23 a?i ?c iaea?eueoei
iaaaoeaiei aoaeoii i?e aeecueeeo oa iii??ieo ?ioeoooao.

Aeei?enoaiiy i?yieo ? ?aoeei?ieieo e?in?a, ie??i ii?aeiaiue Caan o
Eo?ae, Eo?ae o Caan, Caan o Aanaeee, Aanaeee o Caan oa Ooen o A?ceo
caaacia/o? iaea?aeaiiy aeiaeaoeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? a?ae 0.27 aei 6.37, aai
1684.01 – 52973.68 a?i.

Ioaea, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy e?inoaaiiy e?i?e ooaeiae ??cieo oei?a o
ia?oaaeuei?e ia?aae? iiaea cai?ia?aioaaoe ye i?eaooie, oae ? caeoee i?e
aaaeaii? naeaeoe?eii? ?iaioe c /a?aiiith noaiiaith ii?iaeith, a /a?ac
oea – iaiao?aei?noue aeioe?eueiino? aeei?enoaiiy iaaiiai e?ino ia
i?aeeyaa? noii?ao.

Aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?o-iaoiaeeee a naeaeoe?? iiei/ii? ooaeiae
caaacia/o? iaea?aeaiiy a?ae oaa?ei I+ eeano 9.23 aeiaeaoeiai?
i?iaeoeoe??, aai 58592.87 a?i, ie??i oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aaaa.

AENIIAEE

1.Anoaiiaeaia iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeuaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?e
/enoi-

ii?iaeiiio ?icaaaeaii? /a?aiii? noaiiai? ooaeiae oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy

aeyaeaieo iioeiaeueieo i?aee?i?eieo e?in?a oa aooa?aaeiiai i?aeai?o.
Oea caaac-

ia/eoue ca?eueoaiiy iaaeith ca eaeoaoe?th ia 30235 — 752243 ea iieiea
(?0.95-

?0.99) oa 0.080.04 – 0.190.09% aee?o (?0.95-?0.95).Iaea?eueo aoaeoea-

ieie ca ??aiai iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeyaeeeny oaa?eie e?i??
A?ceoa (6049

ea — 4.06% — 246ea), oiae? ye i?aea?? ooaeiae e?i?e Ceaoionoa oa
Ooena aaaeaii

aeei?enoiaoaaoe ia cae??ieaiiy aeniei? iiei/iino? ?c iaeii/aniith
ni?yiiaa-

i?noth a?aeai?o ca ai?noii aee?o. E?i?y Eacaaea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aenieith

aee?i?noth iieiea (4.080.06%).

2.Iaoiaeii eeanoa?iiai aiae?co iniiaieo naeaeoe?eieo iciae aeyaeaii
aeen-

e?aoi?noue e?i?e /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee, ui aenooia? aaiaoe/iith
aacith

i?iyao o ianooiieo iieie?iiyo aaoa?iceniiai aoaeoo a i?aee?i?eieo
e?inao

i?e oiia? ni?yiiaaiiai i?aeai?o. I?ieea?noue iciae i?iaeoeoeaiino?
ei??a

iaoiiaeaia iioiaaiaoe/ieie oaeoi?aie i?e oeueiio aeiaaaeaia
iiaeeea?noue

ioe?iee oa?aeoa?o ? aeeiai?ee aaiaoe/ieo ci?i a iaaeao eiie?aoii?
e?i?? oa ii-

?iaee, ?? i?e?iaaiethoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

3.Anoaiiaeaii, ui a?aeaeaeaiee ?ia?eaeeia oa aooa?aaeiee i?aea??
iie?auo? iieac-

ieee iaaeith ? aee?iiiiei/iino? oaa?ei ia 7.39-16.34% oa 6%,
a?aeiia?aeii.

Aeyaeaia iaaaoeaia caeaaei?noue i?ae iaeii/aniei ciaioaiiyi ??aiy
?icaeoeo

iciaee oa ca?eueoaiiyi eiao?oe??ioo aiiiceaioiino? ? aa??aaaeueiino?
iciae

iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?c a?eii.

4.Aeine?aeaeaiiyi aeyaeai? iioeiaeuei? e?ine e?i?e, ye? ni?eythoue
i?aeaeuaiith ??-

aiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? Aanaeee o Eo?ae, Aanaeee o Caan, Eo?ae o
Aa-

naeee ? Caan o Aanaeee, Caan o Eo?ae.

5.Anoaiiaeaia caaaeueia oa niaoeeo?/ia eiia?iaoe?eia ii?aeiai?noue
iaaieo e?i?e

caii??cueeiai ? aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai ciiaeueieo oei?a /a?aiii?
noaiiai? ii?iaee

?c iaee?aueie eiia?iaoe?yie Eo?ae o Caan, Aanaeee o Eo?ae, A?ceo o
A?ceo oa

Ceaoiono o Ceaoiono.

6.Aeenia?n?eiei aiae?cii aeyaeaia nooo?aa ia?aaaaa aieeao iaoa?einueeiai

aaiioeio (F = 0.73, ?0.05) ia ??aaiue iaaeith ei??a
aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai ciiaeue-

iiai oeio, aenieieiia??iee aieea iaio aaouee?a ia aee?i?noue iieiea
(F = 4.05,

?0.01), oiae? ye oaeaee?noue iieieia?aeaea/? oa aeeaa iana a?eueo
caeaaei? a?ae

niaaeeiaino? ie?aeiee?a. O ooaeiae caii??cueeiai ciiaeueiiai oeio
aieea iaio

aaiioei?a aoa eiia??iei ia aaee/eio iaaeith (F = 3.24, ?0.05), a
aee?iiii-

ei/i?noue oa ai?no aee?o ciaoiaeeeenue i?ae ia?aaaaeiei eiio?ieai
aaouee?anueeiai

aaiioeio (F = 4.47, ?0.05 oa F = 5.50, ?0.05, a?aeiia?aeii).

7.Iieacaia iiaeeea?noue ioe?iee aoaeoo aaoa?iceno ? a?aeiinii? aaee/eie
caaaeue-

ii? ? niaoeeo?/ii? eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiinoae, ui aeicaiey?
ia?aaeaa/oaaoe

yeino? e?iniaaieo oaa?ei iiei/ii? ooaeiae ca iaeieie aeo?aeieie
e?i?yie i?e

noai?aii? aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo noaae oa iaoiiaeaiiy oei?a i?aeai?o a
e?i?e-

i?e naeaeoe??.

8.Aeiaaaeaia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy i?eioeei?a noaa?e?coth/iai
a?aeai?o (ae-

ae?eaiiy iniaei iiaeaeueiiai eeano) i?e naeaeoe?? iiei/ii? ooaeiae ca
?icaeo-

eii ? oeiieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie. Anoaiiaeaia ia?aaaaa iniaei I+
eeano

ca iniiaieie iciaeaie iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? (623 ea – 0.06% – 29
ea) ii

a?aeiioaiith aei oaa?ei iiaeaeueiiai eeano.

9.I?e i?iaaaeaii? iiaeeaeaii? ieai?iii? ?iaioe c iiei/iith ooaeiaith
?aei-

iaiaeoaaoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy no/anieo aeinyaiaiue iiioeyoe?eii? aaiaoeee
c ia-

oith anoaiiaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoeee e?i?? /e ?iaeeie, aecia/aiiy ?o
caaaeueii?

oa niaoeeo?/ii? eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino?.

10.I?e oaeineiiaeaii? /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee aeei?enoiaoaaoe
i?aee?i?ei?

e?ine aeyaeaieo iioeiaeueieo ii?aeiaiue ?? no?oeoo?eieo iaeeieoeue.

11.A naeaeoe?ei?e i?aeoeoe? canoiniaoaaoe ?iciiae?e iniaei ca i??ieie
iciaeaie

? aanoe a?aea?? ii eeano iethn-aa??aio (I+).

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aeeue I.?., Aana?aa I.I. Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy /a?aiii-?yaeo
aie-

ooei?a aeey iie?auaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae oaa?ei /a?aiii?
noaiiai?

ii?iaee / / Oaa??enueeee iaoeiaee a?niee Ca. iaoe. i?. — Oa?nii
OAeNA?. –

1996. — N1. – N.507-508.

2. Aeeue I.?. Ioe?iea a?aeoai?thaaeueii? ooieoe?? ei??a /a?aiii?
noaiiai? ii?iaee a

caeaaeiino? a?ae ?icaeoeo ? ??aiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? / / No/ani?
i?iaeaie aaoa?e-

ia?ii? iaaeeoeeie, cii?iaeaia??? oa oaoiieia?? i?iaeoeo?a
oaa?eiieoeoaa Ca. ia-

oe. i?. — Euea?a EAAI. — 1997.- N.103-104.

3. Aeeue I.?. Aoaeoeai?noue ii?aeiaiiy niaaeeiaino? iniiaieo no?oeoo?ieo

iaeeieoeue noaaea aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae aa?io??ie Ae?oaeaa
ia?iae?a Aaooai-

nueeiai ?aeiio / / A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee I?e/i?iiii?y Ca. iaoe. i?.
– Ieei-

ea?a IAeNA?. – 1997. — N1. — N.108-111.

4. Aeeue I.?. Aieea e?ine?i?eiiai ?icaaaeaiiy ia naeaeoe?ei? iciaee
ei??a

/a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee / / Oaa??enueeee iaoeiaee a?niee Ca. iaoe.
i?. –

Oa?nii OAeNA?. — 1998. — N2. — N.100-104.

5. Aeeue I.?. Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a ??cieo no?oeoo?ieo
iaeeieoeue /a?ai-

ii? noaiiai? ii?iaee a?ae aioo?eoiueie?i?eiiai ?icaaaeaiiy / /
Oaa??enueeee ia-

oeiaee a?niee Ca. iaoe. i?. — Oa?nii OAeNA?. — 1998. — N3. —
N.79-85.

6. Aeeue I.?., Aana?aa I.I., Iaeueiee I.A. Aoaeoeai?noue ??cieo
aa??aio?a no?a-

uoaaiiy /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee a oiiaao ieaicaaiaeo
Ieeiea?anueei?

AeNAAeN / / Oaa??enueeee iaoeiaee a?niee Ca. iaoe. i?. — Oa?nii
OAeNA?. –

1998. — N5. — N.66-68.

7. Aeeue I.?., Aana?aa I.I. Aieea nooiaith ?ia?eaeeiao ia iniiai?
naeaeoe?ei? ic-

iaee ei??a aiaea?nueei? ii?iaee / / A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee
I?e/i?iiii?y Ca.

iaoe. i?. — Ieeiea?a IAeNA?. — 1998. — N3. — N.94-97.

8. Aeeue I.?. Ioe?iea eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? i?ia?aeieo e?i?e
/a?aiii? noaiiai?

ii?iaee aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai ciiaeueiiai oeio / / A?niee aa?a?ii?
iaoee I?e-

/i?iiii?y Ca. iaoe. i?. — Ieeiea?a IAeNA?. — 1998. — N4. — N.93-96.

9. Aeeue I.?. Aeene?aoi?noue aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo iiei/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?

ei??a /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee ??cieo e?i?e // A?niee aa?a?ii?
iaoee

I?e/i?iiii?y Ca. iaoe. i?. — Ieeiea?a IAeAA. – 1999. – N6.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aeeue I.?. Aieea aioo??ii?iaeiiai i?aeai?o c aeei?enoaiiyi nii??aeiaiiai

?icaaaeaiiy oa i?aee?i?eieo e?in?a ia iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue
ei??a ??cieo

aaiioei?a. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.02.01 –
?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei – Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao, Oa?nii, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi oaeineiiaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaee
oei?a i?aeai?o ? i?eeii?a ?icaaaeaiiy iiei/ii? ooaeiae i?e
aioo?eoiueiii?iaei?e ?? naeaeoe??, aecia/aiith aeene?aoiino? ?
eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? e?i?e /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee, aeai?o
iaea?eueo aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo eean?a ?iciiae?eo ca i??ieie iciaeaie.
Aecia/aia iaaeioe?euei?noue aacoe?eueiaiai e?inoaaiiy e?i?e ooaeiae ?
canoinoaaiiy o oiaa?ieo noaaeao nii??aeiaiiai ?icaaaeaiiy, oiae? ye
ioe?iea eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? e?i?e, aeei?enoaiiy ?ia?eaeeiao ?
i?eioeei?a noaa?e?coth/iai a?aeai?o ? iaa?ae?iiith /anoeiith a naeaeoe??
iiei/ii? ooaeia? a iniiaieo ?ai?iaeoeoi?ao ii?iaee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa:.E?i?y, ?ia?eaeeia, e?in, aooa?eaeeia, eiia?iaoe?eia
caeaoi?noue, eeanoa?,

aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c, aaiaoe/ia aa??aina, eaeoaoe?y, ia?aiao?e
iiei/ii?

i?iaeoeoeaiino?, i?ia?o-iaoiae.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aeeue I.E. Aeeyiea aioo?eii?iaeiiai iiaeai?a n eniieueciaaieai

?iaenoaaiiiai ?acaaaeaiey e iaaeeeiaeiuo e?innia ia iiei/ioth

i?iaeoeoeaiinoue ei?ia ?acee/iuo aaiioeiia. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.02.01 – ?acaaaeaiea e
naeaeoeey aeeaioiuo. – Oa?niineee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao,
Oa?nii, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai niaa?oainoaiaaiey e
?ac?aaioee oeiia iiaeai?a e i?eaiia ?acaaaeaiey iiei/iiai neioa i?e aa
aioo?eii?iaeiie naeaeoeee, ii?aaeaeaieth aeene?aoiinoe e eiiaeiaoeeiiiie
niiniaiinoe eeiee e?aniie noaiiie ii?iaeu, auai?o iaeaieaa
aunieii?iaeoeoeaiuo eeannia ?ani?aaeaeaiey ii ia?iui i?eciaeai.

Iaeaieaa aunieiea/anoaaiiuie ii o?iaith iiei/iie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe
n?aaee enneaaeoaiiai iiaieiauey aeeaioiuo aioo?eii?iaeiie naeaeoeee
yaeyaony iioiinoai eeiee Aeceoa EAI –26, eioi?ay oa?aeoa?ecoaony
aunieeie iieacaoaeyie ii anai eaeoaoeeyi. AEeaioiuo eeiee Ceaoionoa
AeI-29 e Ooena CAI-11 iiaeii eniieueciaaoue a iiaeai?a ia cae?aieaiea
aunieie iiei/iinoe i?e iaeiia?aiaiiii aeaaeaiee ioai?a ii niaea?aeaieth
aee?a. Eeiey Eacaaea CAI-60 oa?aeoa?ecoaony aunieei niaea?aeaieai aee?a,
/oi aaiaoe/anee cae?aieaii aua a i?aaeuaeoueo iieieaieyo e iiaeao auoue
eniieueciaaii a iineaaeothuae naeaeoeee, oiaaea eae ei?iau eeiee Eo?ay
CAI-6 n aaiaoe/anee iaoneiaeaiiie aunieie aee?iinoueth e iiei/iinoueth
o?aaotho oneeaiey naeaeoeee ii oaeith.

AEeaioiua eeiee Eaaeiiai EII-179 i?e oneiaee aunieiai aaiaoe/aneiai
iioaioeeaea cia/eoaeueii iiauneee a aei/eao aee?iiiiei/iinoue, ii
aaeeinoaai-iua onooiatho naiei iaoa?yi ii o?iaith oaeiy.
Iaoeaeaniia?acii eniieueciaaoue aioo?eeeiaeiue iiaeai? a eeiee Caana
CAI-10, oae eae yoi iaania/eaaao nieaeaiea naeaeoeeiiiuo iieacaoaeae.

N eniieueciaaieai eeanoa?iie iaoiaeeee ii?aaeaeaia aeene?aoiinoue
eeiee e?aniie noaiiie ii?iaeu e oa?aeoa? iee?iyaiethoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia
ii ?a- coeueoaoai ioeaiee eae ii iniiaiui ia?aiao?ai naeaeoeee iiei/iiai
neioa, oae e ii aoi?inoaiaiiui.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi eniieueciaaiea eia?eaeeiaa oia?aiiuo, aeeceeo e
oaniuo noaiaiae io?eoeaoaeueii aeeyao ia iiei/ioth i?iaeoeoeaiinoue
aiaea?neeo ei?ia e oaaee/aiea aiiiaaiiinoe aeeaioiuo iiieaeaao eo
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue. Eniieue- ciaaiea aooa?eaeeiaa e eiiaaea ioaeaeaiiiai
eia?eaeeiaa, iaiai?io, iiauoaao ia?aiao?u oaeiy e aee?iiiiei/iinoe
ei?ia. Aiiaua, eniieueciaaiea eia?eaeeiaa i?e ianiioaaonoaee oeaee
ieaiaiiiai e oneiaee i?iaeoeoeaiiai eniieueciaaiey aeeaioiuo
iayooaeoeaii e iiaeao i?eaanoe e eiaeiui caeeth/aieyi.

Ii?aaeaeaii, /oi aii?in iaiaoiaeeiinoe e?inniaiai ?acaaaeaiey eee
aioo?e- eeiaeiiai iiaeai?a neaaeoao eco/aoue ii eiie?aoiui eiiaeiaoeeyi
aac enneon- oaaiiiai iauaaeeiaiey aeeaioiuo a oeaeua a?oiiu ii oeio
iiaeai?a, eioi?ua ne?uaatho niaoeeoe/aneia acaeiiaeaenoaea e
iooaeeeaatho naeaeoeeiia?ia io oaeoaeaiiie naeaeoeee ii?iaeu i?e
eniieueciaaiee yooaeoeaiuo e?innia eeiee.

Aianoa n oai, oe?ieia aiaae?aiea iaaeeeiaeiiai ?acaaaeaiey aeeaioiuo
e?aniie noaiiie ii?iaeu o?aaoao ouaoaeueiie ioeaiee eiiaeiaoeeiiiuo
niiniaiinoae enoiaeyueo ?iaeeoaeueneeo oi?i e yaeyaony aaiaoe/aneie
iniiaie i?iyaeaiey aaoa?iceniiai yooaeoa o iioiieia.

Iaoiae aeeaeeaeueiuo e?innia eeiee e?aniie noaiiie ii?iaeu iicaieee
ioeaieoue yooaeou aaoa?icena e ioiineoaeueioth aaee/eio iauae e
niaoeeoe/aneie eiiaeiaoeeiiiie niiniaiinoe e?inne?iaaiiuo aeeaioiuo ii
iaeiei enoiaeyuei eeieyi n iineaaeothuei eniieueciaaieai iieo/aiiie
eioi?- iaoeee i?e nicaeaiee aunieii?iaeoeoeaiuo noaae iiei/iiai neioa e
auai?a oeia iiaeai?a a eeiaeiie naeaeoeee.

Onoaiiaeaia aiciiaeiinoue i?eiaiaiey i?eioeeiia noaaeeece?othuaai
ioai?a (ia iniiaa i?iaeo-iaoiaea) aeey oi?ie?iaaiey ?aaiiaaniuo
niiauanoa neioa, /oi iicaieyao ia oieueei aanoe iai?aaeaiioth naeaeoeeth
n eniieueciaaieai ia?iuo i?eciaeia, a e i?iaiice?iaaoue oeiaeueioth
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue aeeaioiuo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Eeiey, eia?eaeeia, e?inn, aooa?eaeeia, eiiaeiaoeeiiiay
niiniaiinoue,

eeanoa?, aeenia?neiiiue aiaeec, aaiaoe/aneay aa?eaina,
eaeoaoeey,

ia?aiao?u iiei/iie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe, i?iaeo-iaoiae.

ANNOTATION

Guile M.I. The influence of the intra-breed selection using the kindred
breeding

and interlinear cross at the milk production of cows of
different genetypes. –

Manuscript.

Thesis for awarding of Candidate of Agricultural Sciences
Degree, speciality 06.02.01 – animal breeding and selection. – Kherson
State Agrarian University, Kherson, 1999.

The thesis is deveoted to the questions of improvement and
working out of selection and methods of cattle breeding at intra-breed
selection, determination of discrection and combinative ability of red
steepe breeds lines, selection of most productive classes of
distribution under the measured sings. The shortcoming of instillation
of aimless crossing of the cattle lines and use of inbreeding in the
herds is determined, whereas evaluation of combinative ability of lines,
use of inbreeding and principles of stable selection is the integral
part in selection of cattle breeding in the main breeds reproduction.

Key words: Line, inbreeding, cross, outbreeding, combinative ability,
dispersion analisys,

klaster, gene variant, lactation parameters of milk production,
probit-method.

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