IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AEOIAANUeEEE Aieiaeeie? Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 633.8:631.452:631.445.24:631.582

AIEEA O?EAAEIAI CANOINOAAIIss AeIA?EA

IA ?IAeTH*?NOUe AeA?IIAI-NEAAEII?AeCIEENOIAI AEEIENOI-I?UAIIAI A?OIOO OA
I?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe EOEUeOO? A IIEUeIAEO N?AICI?IAO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 06.01.04 — aa?io?i?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? caiea?ianoaa OAAI oa ia Iie?nuee?e
aeine?aei?e noaioe?? ?i.I.I.Canoo?ia ?inoeoooo ea?oiiey?noaa OAAI

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio OAAI, aeieoi?
n?euenueeiainii-aea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? AeAAIAeTHE Aaeoa?ae
A?eai?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo aa?io?i?? oa o?c?ieia?? ?ineei
?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI

aeaaeai?e AIAO Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? n?euenueei-ainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe E?NIAAE
Aiaoie?e Iao?iae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aa?io?i?? oa yeino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? IAO

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe IE?OEI Aiaoie?e Aiae??eiae/,
i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee eaai?aoi??? iiaeaethaaiiy ?inoeoooo
aa?iaeieia?? ? a?ioaoiieia?? OAAI

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaia aa?iaeieia?/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie,
i.AEeoiie?, I?i?noa?noai AIE Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 27 aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.004.04 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, i.Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie,15,
iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 3, aoaeeoi??y 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith 252041, i.Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a
iai?iie, 11, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 16 aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe
Aaeaaaeei A.O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aea?iiai-i?aecieeno? aeeienoi-i?uai? a?oioe, ui
ii?yae c i?uaieie oa noi?uaieie a?aei?iaie ? oiiiaeie aeey ciie Iie?nny
Oe?a?ie, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ae?ae iani?eyoeeaeie o?ce/ieie, o?i?/ieie oa
o?ceei-o?i?/ieie aeanoeainoyie. Aoaeoeaia caiea?ianoai ia oaeeo a?oioao
ia iiaeeeaa aac nenoaiaoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea a cia/ieo aeicao, ui ??aeei ocaiaeaeo?oueny c
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieie iiaeeeainoyie ainiiaea?noa, iniaeeai a
oiiaao aia?aaoe/ii? oa aeiiii?/ii? e?ece a aea?aeaa?. A cayceo c oeei
iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy ? aeooaeueiino? iaaoaa? iaaeeaeaiiy iioaioe?eii? ?
aoaeoeaii? ?iaeth/ino? aeeienoi-i?uaieo a?aei?i aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeo
a?oio?a Iie?nny Oe?a?ie aei a?aei?i a?oio?a c aeueie iieacieeaie
?iaeth/ino?. Iaeiei c iniiaieo oeyo?a ieoeueoo?aiiy oeeo a?oio?a ?
o?eaaea aeei?enoaiiy iii??ieo ii?i oaeia?aiiy c iaiayceiaei aaiioaaiiyi
a iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaai?e n?aici?i?, ui aeicaiey? iie?ioeoe aeanoeaino?
aeeienoi-i?uaiiai a?oioo, ca?eueoeoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue eoeueoo?
n?aici?ie, iie?aueoe ye?noue i?iaeoeoe?? ii?yae c iaaenieeie
aeiiii?/ieie oa aia?aaoe/ieie ao?aoaie i?ae /an
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. I?ia?aia
aeine?aeaeaiue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? /anoeiith caaaeaiue oaiaoe/ieo
ieai?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? i?iaiaeeoue eaai?aoi??y aa?io?i?? IAeN ?E
OAAI i?ae oeo?ii 0.51.17.03.06.O.21.01. ?icae?eo 3.2. “?ic?iaeoe oa
ai?iaaaeeoe caniae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeia?ea i?e ae?iuoaaii?
ea?oiie? ca ?ioaineaiith oaoiieia??th”. Aei oeueiai ?icae?eo aoiaeyoue
i?ae?icae?ee: 3.2.1. “?ic?iaeoe iioeiaeueio nenoaio oaeia?aiiy i?ae
ea?oiieth aeey oiia eaaeeo aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeo a?oio?a Iie?nny
Oe?a?ie” oa 3.2.2. “?ic?iaeoe niin?a iaeii?aciai? cai?aaee eaaeiai
aea?iiai-i?aecieenoiai a?oioo oinoi?ieie aeia?eaaie”. Aeai? ieaie ? oaie
a?aeiia?aeathoue caaaeaiith oa iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
i?ia?aie “I?iaeiaieuenoai-95” OAAI.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaathoue o aecia/aii? oiia i?aeaeuaiiy
?iaeth/ino? aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiai aeeienoi-i?uaiiai a?oioo,
aieeao cania?a o?i?caoe?? ia eiai aa?io?i?/i? aeanoeaino? i?e o?eaaeiio
aeei?enoaii? aeia?ea a oiiaao n?aici?ie, i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa ye?noue
a?iaeath n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? i?e aenie?e aeiiii?/i?e oa
aia?aaoe/i?e aoaeoeaiino? ?o ae?iuoaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa a oiiaao
oeaio?aeueiiai Iie?nny Oe?a?ie a iieueiaeo n?aici?iao o?eaaeeo
aeine?ae?a ia aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiio aeeienoi-i?uaiiio a?oio?
aecia/aii aieea o?eaaeiai canoinoaaiiy ??cieo nenoai oaeia?aiiy a
n?aici?iao ia iieacieee ?iaeth/ino? a?oioo, i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa ye?noue
i?iaeoeoe?? ?ineeiieoeoaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a eiiieaeniiio
i?aeoiae? i?e aecia/aii? ?aoe?iiaeueieo nenoai oaeia?aiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? a iieueiaeo n?aici?iao c o?aooaaiiyi
i?eioeei?a caa?aaeaiiy ?iaeth/ino? a?oioo, ui aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe
i?iaeoeoeai?noue n?aici?i i?e aenieiio aeiiii?/iiio oa aia?aaoe/iiio
aoaeo?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii iniaenoi aeeiiaii an? iieueia? oa
eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ocaaaeueiaii na?oiao ? a?o/eciyio e?oa?aoo?o
ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??. Ioae?eaoe?? aeeiiaii o ni?aaaoi?noa? c ??aiith
o/anoth ni?aaaoi??a o aeeiiai?e ?iaio?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo a/aieo oa
niaoe?ae?no?a ?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI (*aaaie, 1990-1993),
can?aeaiiyo Iaoiaee/ii? eii?n?? ?C OAAI c ieoaiue caiea?ianoaa oa
aa?io?i?? (*aaaie, 1990-1993), i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeieia?y
Iie?nny: i?iaeaie, no/ani?noue, iaeaooi?” (Eooeuee, 1993).

Ioae?eaoe?y. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeineoue iiaii a?aeia?aaeai? a
iyoe iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeyo, ui iaae?oeiaai? a i?aeia?iaeieo oa
?anioae?eainueeeo iaoeiai-ae?iaie/eo aeo?iaeao ? ca??ieeao.

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 145 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 6 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a,
nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e ? aeiaeaoeo. A?ae?ia?ao?/iee nienie
ia?aoiao? iiiaae 245 aeaea?ae a?o/eciyii? oa ?iicaiii? e?oa?aoo?e.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooii?e /anoei? ?iaioe iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue ?? aeeiiaiiy ia
no/aniiio aoai?, aecia/aii iaoeiao iiaecio, iniiaia caaaeaiiy ? iaoo,
aeiaaaeaii i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue, ?aae?caoe?th ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, ai?iaaoe?th, a oaeiae aeaeea?aoe?th iniaenoiai aianeo,
no?oeoo?o oa ianya aeena?oaoe??.

?ICAe?E 1. I?AeAEUAIIss ?IAeTH*INO? EAAEEO AeA?IIAI-I?AeCIEENOEO
A?OIO?A — INIIAA NOAA?EUeII? I?IAeOEOEAIINO? N?AICI?I IA IIE?NN?

(e?oa?aoo?iee iaeyae)

Iaaaaeaii iaeyae c ieoaiue i?aeaeuaiiy ?iaeth/ino? eaaeeo a?oio?a ye
iniiaiiai caniao ca?eueoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? eoeueoo? n?aici?ie ia
Iie?nn?, aea/aii ?ieue cania?a o?i?caoe?? a nenoai? a?oio-?ineeia,
iienai? i?ioeane, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a i?e i?e ??cieo ??aiyo aaaeaiiy
caiea?ianoaa, aecia/aii ?ieue n?aici?i o i?aeo?eiaii? ?iaeth/ino?
eaaeeo aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeo a?oio?a.

?ICAe?E 2. IA’?EOE, OIIAE OA IAOIAeEEA I?IAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIUe

O ?icae?e? iiaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieo oiia ?aa?iio, ?o
iniaeeaino? oa noai a ia??iae i?iaaaeaiiy iieueiaeo ? eaai?aoi?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeacaii ia’?eoe oa iaoiaeeee, ui aeei?enoiaoaaee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue a o?eaaeeo iieueiaeo aeine?aeao, ye?
caeeaaeai? ia Iie?nuee?e aeine?aei?e noaioe?? Oaa/aiei E.A. a
1963-1971??. ia aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiio aeeienoi-i?uaiiio a?oio?, o
iieueiaeo n?aici?iao. A ia?oiio aeine?ae? ii/eiath/e c 1963?. aea/aee
aoaeoeai?noue ??cieo nenoai oaeia?aiiy a n?aici?i?, a a ae?oaiio
(1970?.) — niiniae aianaiiy oinoi?ieo

6

Oaaeeoey 1 — Noaia aeine?aeo ?1. Aea/aiiy aieeao nenoaiaoe/iiai
canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea ia iieacieee ?iaeth/ino?
aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiai aeeienoi — i?uaiiai a?oioo oa
i?iaeoeoeai?noue eoeueoo? n?aici?ie, 1989-1994 ??.

Aianaii aeia?ea *i?ae eoeueoo?e eaiee n?aici?ie

?

Aa??aioe

aeaeeca ?ioaoe?th ia 1 aa n?aici?iii? ieiu?

ea?oiiey

eoeo?oaeca ia neein aeei — a?anyia noi?o ia caeaiee ei?i

iceia aeeoi 1Aac aeia?ea (eiio?ieue)—aac aeia?eaaac aeia?eaaac
aeia?eaaac aeia?eai?aai?/i?80 o13.3 o30 o/aa30 o/aa—2Oii -?
i?ia?aeuei?——(oi?oieiiiino +aeieii?o)aaiii2o0.33o2o/aa—3Oii -??
i?aai?/i?——N?E ca
aea?aaeaioiii?ia?aeuei?N193?198E215N32?33E36N72?74E81N72?74E81—aei
oi?oieiiiinoo + aeieii?oaaiii2o0.33o2o/aa—4Oii — ???
(i?aaii-i?ia?aeueiee)i?aai?/i?40 o6.6 o15 o/aa15 o/aa—0.5 ii?ie
oi?oieiiiinoo
i?ia?aeuei?N96?99E108N16?17E18N36?37E40N36?37E40—+0.5ii?ie N?E ca
aea?aaeaioii + aeieii?oaaiii2o0.33o2o—i?aai?/i?80 o13.3 o30 o/aa30
o/aa—5Oii -? + N?E (iii??ia ii?ia
)i?ia?aeuei?N330?300E330N55?50E55N90?60E90N90?60E60N30?60E60N60?60E60aai
ii2 o0.33 o2 o/aa-i?aai?/i?80 o13.3 o30 o/aa30 o/aa6Oii -? + N?E
(i?aeaeuaia ii?ia
)i?ia?aeuei?N495?300E330N83?50E55N120?60E90N120?60E60N45?60E60N90?60
E60aaiii2 o0.33 o2 o/aa-i?aai?/i?80 o13.3 o30 o/aa30 o/aa7Oii -? + N?E
(iii??ia ii?ia ia oii? aaiia
i?ia?aeuei?N330?300E330N55?50E55N90?60E90N90?60E60N30?60E60N60?60E601.0a
.e.)aaiii4 o0.67 o4 o/aai?aai?/i?80 o13.3 o30 o/aa30 o/aa8Oii -? +
N?i?ia?aeuei?N330?300N55?50N90?90N90?60N30?60N60?60aaiii2 o0.33 o4
o/aai?aai?/i?80 o13.3 o30 o/aa30 o/aa9Oii -? +
NEi?ia?aeuei?N330E330N55E55N90E90N90E60N30E60N60E60aaiii2 o0.33 o2
o/aai?aai?/i?80 o13.3 o13.3 o/aa13.3 o/aa13.3 o/aa13.3
o/aa10Na?aaeiuein?aici?iia ii?ia
aianaiiyi?ia?aeuei?N330?300E330N56?50E55N56?50E55N56?50E55N56?50E55N56?5
0E55i?aai?/ieo oa i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea + aeieii?oaaiii2 o0.33 o2
o/aa*I?ei?oea. Noia?ia ii?ia aeia?ea, ui aiineee ca ?ioaoe?th, neeaaeaia
c noie aeic i?ae an? eoeueoo?e n?aici?ie (6 iie?a). A oaaeeoe?
i?aaenoaaeai? ii?ie aeia?ea, ye? canoiniaoaaee a eaioe? n?aici?ie:
ea?oiiey — eoeo?oaeca — aeei-iaan — iceia aeeoi

Oaaeeoey 2 — Noaia aeine?aeo ?2. Aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? niinia?a
aianaiiy oinoi?ieo aeia?ea a n?aici?i? ia aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiio
aeeienoi-i?uaiiio a?oio?, 1989-1994 ??.

Aianaii aeia?ea *i?ae eoeueoo?e eaiee n?aici?ie

?

Aa??aioe

aeaee

ca ?ioaoe?th ia 1 aa n?aici?iii? ieiu?

ea?oiiey

iaan

ethiei

iceia aeeoi 1Aac aeia?ea (eiio?ieue) —aac aeia?eaaac aeia?eaaac
aeia?eaaac aeia?eai?aai?/i?30 o7.5 o30 o/aa2Oii -? (oi?oieiiiino
i?ia?aeuei?N210E270N53E68N90E90N60E60E60N60E60+ NK + aeieii?o)30 o7.5
o30 o/aa3Oii -? i?aai?/i?N210E270 ?360N53E68?90N90E98?90N60E60 ?90E60
?90N60E60 ?90+ ui??/ia aianaiiy oinoi?ieo aeia?eai?ia?aeuei?4Oii —
?aaiii30 o7.5 o30 o/aa+ caiania (ia 4 ?iee) aianaiiy oinoi?ieo
i?ia?aeuei?N210E270 ?360N53E68?90N90E98N60E60E60 ?360N60E60Aeia?eaOii —
?i?aai?/i?30 o7.5 o30 o/aa5+ caiania (ia 8 ?ie?a) aianaiiy oinoi?ieo
i?ia?aeuei?N210E270 ?360N53E68?90N90E98N60E60E60 ?720N60E60Aeia?eaOii
-?I (oi?oieiiiino + NK + aeieii?o)i?aai?/i?30 o7.5 o30 o/aa6+ caiania
(ia 4 ?iee) aianaiiy oinoi?ieo i?ia?aeuei?N300E390
?360N75E98?90N120E120N90E90E90 ?360N90E90 aeia?ea

· I?ei?oea. Ia an?o aa??aioao aeine?aeo, e??i 1, i?ae ea?oiieth aiineee
aeieii?oiaa ai?ioii a e?eueeino?, ui a?aeiia?aea? 0.5 ii?ie ca
a?ae?ie?oe/iith eeneioi?noth (1.5 o/aa)18

aeia?ea (ui??/ii ? “a caian”).

A iaio aeine?aeao aea?aii ie?ai? aa??aioe iniiaieo noai, a ia’?eoaie
aeine?aeaeaiue noaee: eaiea n?aici?ie c ea?oiieath, eoeo?oaecith ia
neein, aeei-a?anyiith noi?oeith ia caeaiee ei?i ? iceiei aeeoii oa
n?aici?ia c ea?oiieath, a?anii, ethieiii ia caeaio iano ? iceiei aeeoii;
iniiaiith eoeueoo?ith a iaio aeine?aeao aecia/aii ea?oiieth
(oaae.1,2).

A?oio aeine?aeieo ae?eyiie aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoee aeeienoi-i?uaiee
c oaeith aa?io?i?/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith: ai?no aoiono — 1.1%;
a?ae?ie?oe/ia eeneioi?noue — 1.1 aai 1.5 ia-aea ia 100 a a?oioo;
nooi?iue iane/aiino? iniiaaie — aeecueei 50%; ai?no caaaeueiiai acioo
— 0.02,…0.03%; iai?iiiai eaeueoe?th — 0.12,…0.018, iai?iiiai iaai?th
— 0.13,…0.17 ia-aea ia 100 a a?oioo; ?ooiiiai oinoi?o oa iai?iiiai
eae?th ii 3-4 ia ia 100 a a?oioo.

Iiaiaei? oiiae i?noey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue oeiia? aeey
oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny. Na?aaeiuei??/ia oaiia?aoo?a
iia?o?y noaiiaeoue 6.80 N, aacii?iciee ia??iae a na?aaeiueiio neeaaea?
145 aei?a ± 20 aei?a a ie?ai? ?iee. I?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue
iaoai?ieia?/i? oiiae aaaaoaoe?eieo ia??iae?a 1989-1994??. aoee ??cieie.
Aeae?eyeenue a?aeiinii ni?eyoeea? oa iani?eyoeea? (iinooeea? aai
ia?acaieiaeai?) ?iee ?c cia/iei eieeaaiiyi oaiia?aoo?, na?aaeiueii?ny/i?
iieacieee yei? aoee ia 2-30N aeueie ca na?aaeiuei-aaaaoi??/i? aeai?.
Uiaei noie oa ?iciiae?eo aoiinoa?ieo iiaae?a aecia/aeenue ni?eyoeea?
?iee (1988-1989, 1990-1991), iinooeea? (1989-1990, 1993-1994) oa
ia?acaieiaeai? (1992-1993) i?ae /an yeeo aeiaaeaei a?aeiia?aeii ii
585-545, 420-509 oa 837 ii i?e na?aaei?e ca ?ieaie noi? 565 ? na?aaei?e
aaaaoi??/i?e — 542 ii. Ca aaaaoaoe?eiee ia??iae aeiaaeaea ia?aaaaeia
e?euee?noue ??/ii? noie, ui noaiiaeoue 300-540 ii a ie?ai? ?iee.

Ia?aae caeeaaeeith iaeaea? aeine?aei? ae?eyiee i?iaaiioaaee aeieii?oiaei
ai?ioiii (0.5i ca a.e.) ? i?iaaee c??aithaaeueiee iin?a. A n?aici?ie
aoiaeeee iaeiei iieai. Iin?aia ieiua ae?eyiee a ia?oiio aeine?ae?
noaiiaeea 140 i2, iae?eiaa — 100 i2, a a ae?oaiio a?aeiia?aeii ii 70 ?
50 i2. Iiaoi?aiiy — /ioe?e?aciaa.

Acioi? aeia?eaa (ai?a/ia nae?o?a) aiineee o aeaa no?iee: iniiaia ?
i?aeaeeaeaiiy (N30), oinoi?i? (i?inoee a?aioeueiaaiee noia?oinoao),
eae?ei? (oei?enoee eae?e) — ia?aae iin?aii a iniiaia oaeia?aiiy. I?ae
ea?oiieth oa eoeo?oaeco aiineee oi?oi-aiieiaee eiiiino, aeaioiaeaiee
ainaie o ni?aa?aeiioaii? 1:1, a aeic? 30 o/aa. Canoinoaaee
caaaeueiii?eeiyoo aa?ioaoi?eo ae?iuoaaiiy eoeueoo? aeey ciie Iie?nny,
i?iaiaeeee oaiieia?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy oa a?iiao?e/i? aei??e ?ineei i?ae
/an aaaaoaoe??. A?oio aeey aiae?c?a a?aeae?aee a ae?oaiio iie? iaio
n?aici?i ia aecia/aiiy ai?noo aoiono ca Oth??iei, ?iiino? aae?aiiy ca
Aiaei-Ane?iac?, noie oa?a?aieo iniia — ca Eaiaiii-Aeeueeiaeoeai,
a?ae?ie?oe/ii? eeneioiino? oa ?I — ?iiiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii. Aecia/aiiy
aaeiaeo oi?i acioo oa oinoi?o i?ney iie?iai icieaiiy a?oioo ca A?icao?a
? Uaaeiaith cae?enithaaee: acio — ia a?iiao?e/iiio aiae?caoi?? ca
Oeaiii, oinoi? — aeaeo?ieiei?eiao?oaaiiyi ca Aeai?aea, a eae?e — ia
iieoiaiaaiio oioiiao??, ?ooii? oi?ie oinoi?o oa eae?th — o aeoyaeoe? ca
E??naiiaei. A?oiiaee neeaae oinoao?a aecia/aee ca *aiaii-Aeaeaeniiii,
nooi?iue ?ooiiino? oinoao?a — ca Neio?eaeii, iaiai?iiee (o?eniaaiee)
eae?e — ca Aaae?ieoeai. Ai?no iai?iiiai eaeueoe?th oa iaai?th aecia/aee
eiiieaeniiiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii. A ?ineeiieo c?aceao aecia/aee caaaeueiee
ai?no NPK i?ney iie?iai icieaiiy ca A?icao?a-Uaaeiaith; acio — ia
a?aiia?iiao?e/iiio aiae?caoi?? ca Oeaiii, oinoi? —
oioiaeaeo?ieiei?eiao?e/ii, eae?e ia iieoiaiaaiio oioiiao??. Ai?no
e?ioiaeth a aoeueaao ea?oiie? — ia?iiei iaoiaeii, anei?a?iiao eeneioo —
ca Io???, ai?iieeneioiee neeaae — ia ?io?a/a?aiiiio aiae?caoi??,
eoe?ia?i? yeino? ca iaoiaeeeith IAe? EA-76, noaoenoe/iee aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeii aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co
(Aeini?oia, 1985).

?ICAe?E 3. AIEEA O?EAAEIAI CANOINOAAIIss AeIA?EA A N?AICI?IAO IA
AA?IO?I?*I? AEANOEAINO? A?OIOO

A ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ui
io?eiai?, aecia/aii aieea o?eaaeiai canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea a n?aici?iao ia
aa?io?i?/i? iieacieee a?oioo.

Nenoaiaoe/ia canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea a n?aici?i? iaei aieea ia
o?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino? a?oioo, cie?aia eiai eeneioi?noue. Aoaeo/e
aaaeeeaith aaiaoe/iith iciaeith aea?iiai-i?aecieenoiai aeeienoi-i?uaiiai
a?oioo, eeneioi?noue aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaaea ia i?ia?aeueio /anoeio
a?oioo, ei?aiaao nenoaio ?ineei oa i?e?ii?aai?cie ? oei naiei
iaoiiaethaaea i?ioeane aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ?ineei ? aeinooii?noue
iniiaieo aeaiaio?a aeeaeaiiy. Ii?yae c eeneioi?noth a?oioo, iniaeeai
a?ae?ie?oe/iith, aaaeeeaeie o?ceei-o?i?/ieie iieacieeaie aoee nooi?iue
iane/aiiy a?oioo iniiaaie, i?noe?noue aae?aiiy, noia oa?a?aieo iniia,
cie?aia Na oa Mg. Oe? iieacieee caciaee o?ainoi?iaoe?? caeaaeii a?ae
??cieo nenoai oaeia?aiiy a n?aici?iao. Iieiaeiia ii?ia aaiia (ca a.e.),
ui canoiniaoaaeanue, aeyaeeanue iaaeinoaoiueith ? iani?iiiaeiith
iie?ioeoe aeanoeaino? i?iiai oa?o (0-20 ni) a?oioo i?e canoinoaaii?
aeia?ea. Niinoa??aaeinue yaeua i?eoiaaii? iaaaoeaii? ae?? i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea, iniaeeai i?aeaeuaieo acioieo ? eae?eieo aeic, ia a?oio.
Cie?aia, i?aeaeuoaaeanue eiai eeneioi?noue a ii??aiyii? c ii/aoeiaei
??aiai (?I ia 0.3-0.4; Ia — ia 0.4-0.7 ia-aea/100 a a?oioo),
ciaiooaaeeny nooi?iue iane/aiiy iniiaaie ia 5-10% ? i?noe?noue
aae?aiiy oa noia oa?a?aieo iniia, a ni?aa?aeiioaiiy Na oa Mg aoei
iaeieae/ei. I?e iiai?e ii?i? aaiioaaiiy ? canoinoaaiiy i?aai?/ieo ?
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o?ceei-o?i?/i? iieacieee i?iiai oa?o a?oioo cia/ii
iie?auoaaeenue. Eeneioi?noue a?oioo i?e oeueiio ciaoiaeeeanue a iaaeao,
aeecueeeo aei ia?aeiieo (?I — 4.7, Ia — 1.7 ia-aea/100a),
niinoa??aaeinue i?aeaeuaiiy nooiaith iane/aiiy iniiaaie (aei 56%) oa
i?noeino? aae?aiiy (aei 3.88 ia-aea/100 a a?oioo), a oaeiae noie
iiaeeiooeo iniia oa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy Na : Mg (aei 7). Aeae?eyeenue
aoaeoeai?noue na?aaeiuei-n?aici?iii? ii?ie aianaiiy i?aai?/ieo ?
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea (13.3 o/aa oi?oieiiiino + N56P50K55 ??aiii??ii i?ae
an? eoeueoo?e n?aici?ie), aea iaa?oue i?e iieiaeii?e ii?i? aaiioaaiiy
a?aeaoaaeinue iie?auaiiy iniiaieo o?ceei-o?i?/ieo iieaciee?a i?iiai oa?o
a?oioo a e?ioe? i’yoi? ?ioaoe?? n?aici?ie (oaae.3).

Oaaeeoey 3 — Aieea o?eaaeiai aeei?enoaiiy aeia?ea a n?aici?i? ia
aa?io?i?/i? iieacieee i?iiai (0-20) oa?o aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiai
aeeienoi-i?uaiiai a?oioo a e?ioe? i’yoi? ?ioaoe??

Eeneioi?noueNooi?iueOinoi?Nooi?iueEae?e, ia/100 a a?oioo? i/iAa??aioe

(aeia?eaa ca n?aici?io)

?I KCla?ae?ie?-oe/ia, ia-aea/100 a a?oiooiane-/aiiy inii-aaie, %Aoion,

%caaaeue-iee,

%?ooiiee, ia/100 a a?oioo?ooiiino? oinoao?a, ia/e

?ooiiee

o?eniaaiee1Aac aeia?ea5.01.4045.60.810.0442.80.163.830.22Oii-?

— (i?aai?/i? aeia?eaa 80 o/aa+aeieii?o
2o/aa)4.81.2658.61.650.0514.80.294.826.23Oii-2

— (i?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa ca aea?aaeaioii aei i?aai?/ieo +aeieii?o 2o/aa
)4.61.4641.91.180.0643.90.333.926.14Oii — 3

— (0.5 ii?ie i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea+0.5 ii?ie N?E ca aea?aaeaioii + aeieii?o
2o/aa)4.61.6048.51.270.0744.20.416.133.95Oii-?+N330?300E3304.61.9440.21.
490.0827.10.544.837.26Oii-?+N465?300E3304.42.0244.61.510.0938.70.434.443
.17Oii-?+N330?300E330 +aeieii?o 2o/aa
4.71.7056.21.680.0806.80.466.037.08Oii — ?+
N330?3004.61.8650.61.400.0976.20.315.329.79Oii — ? +
N330E3304.61.9039.61.280.0671.60.106.938.110Na?aaeiuein?aici?iia ii?ia
i?aai?/ieo (13.3 o/aa) oa i?ia?aeueieo (N56?50E55) aeia?ea i?ae eiaeio
eoeueoo?o n?aici?ie + aeieii?o
2o/aa4.61.7054.41.220.0814.80.268.923.1O?niee ca’ycie i?ae ai?noii a
a?oio? aoiono oa a?iaea?i ?ineei iiynith?oueny oei, ui aoion
?icaeyaea?oueny ia?aaaaeii ye aeaea?aei aeaiaio?a i?ia?aeueiiai
aeeaeaiiy. C caaaeueii? e?eueeino? a?oioiaiai acioo 93-95% i?eiaaea? ia
i?aai?/i? niieoee, ye? i?aeoe/ii iaaeinooii? eoeueoo?iei ?ineeiai, ca
aeiyoeii i?ca?ieo eiai e?eueeinoae a neeaae? ?ic/eiaieo o aiae?
aoi?iiaeo eeneio. Oaeaee?noue i?ia?ae?caoe?? i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei a?oioo,
iniiaiiai caianiiai oiiaeo acioo, caeaaeeoue a?ae oiia ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua — oaiia?aoo?e, aieiaino? a?oioo, eiai eeneioiino?. A iaio
aeine?aeao a?aei?/aee i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo aoiono i?e o?eaaeiio
canoinoaaii? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea oa ia??iaee/iiio aaiioaaii?. Iaaaoeaiee
aaeain aoiono ia aa??aioao aac aeia?ea (-0.41%) aeaco? ia iaiao?aei?noue
iiiiaeaiiy caian?a i?aai?/ii? ?a/iaeie i?e o?eaaeiio
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio aeei?enoaii? aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiai
aeeienoi-i?uaiiai a?oioo. Iie?auaiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae eiai
oeyoii ca?eueoaiiy ii?ie aaiia cia/ii i?aeaeuoaaei (ia 0.3%) ai?no
aoiono a i?iiio oa??, a iia??oaiiy oeeo aeanoeainoae i?e caianiiio
aianaii? oinoi?ieo aeia?ea (aeine?ae ?2) cieaeoaaei ai?no aoiono ia
0.03-0.07% o ii??aiyii? c aeo?aeieie c?aceaie.

Ca ia??iae i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue i?ae aieeaii ??cieo nenoai
oaeia?aiiy a n?aici?iao ai?no caaaeueieo oi?i oinoao?a a i?iiio oa??
a?oioo cia/ii i?aeaeueany. Nenoaiaoe/ia aianaiiy i?ia?aeueieo, cie?aia,
oinoi?ieo aeia?ea cia/ii iie?auoaaei oinoaoiee ?aaeei a?oioo a
ii??aiyii? c oiiiaeie ii?iaie aeia?ea. I?e oeueiio a 1.5-2 ?ace
ca?eueooaaany ai?no caaaeueiiai oa ?ooiiiai oinoi?o, c?inoaea eiai
?ooii?noue a i?iiio oa??. A aeine?ae? c aea/aiiyi aoaeoeaiino? oinoi?ieo
aeia?ea i?e ??cieo niiniaao ?o canoinoaaiiy ii?yae c i?aeaeuaiiyi ai?noo
aaeiaiai oinoi?o oa ?ooiiino? oinoao?a ai?no eiai ?ooiieo oi?i ia
oaeia?aieo aa??aioao a e?ioe? inoaiiuei? ?ioaoe?? n?aici?ie ia?aaeuoaaa
ii/aoeiaee ??aaiue a 3-3.5 ?ace. Ci?ia o?aeoe?eiiai neeaaeo
a?aeaoaaeanue i?e oeueiio a iniiaiiio ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo a
a?oio? (i?iiio oa i?aei?iiio oa?ao) oinoao?a aethi?i?th oa cae?ca.
Iacia/ii c?inoaa ai?no oinoao?a eaeueoe?th ? cian?i iaei aiaei?ic/eiieo
oa ?eoeica’ycaieo (ca *aiaii-Aeaeaeniiii).

O?eaaea aeei?enoaiiy i?aai?/ieo oa i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea a n?aici?iao i?e
ia??iaee/iiio aaiioaaii? a?oioo iie?iooaaei eiai eae?eiee ?aaeei. I?e
aianaii? aei 80 o/aa ca n?aici?io i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea ai?no ?ooiieo oi?i
eae?th a i?iiio oa?? a?oioo c?inoaa iaeaea ao?e/? a?ae ii/aoeiaiai
??aiy, a i?e canoinoaaii? ia oeueiio oii? iiaiiai i?ia?aeueiiai
oaeia?aiiy ai?no ?ooiiiai eae?th c??n ua a?eueoa. Aenieiaoaeoeaiith aoea
na?aaeiuei-n?aici?iia ii?ia aianaiiy aeia?ea, aea oeae ai?no noaiiaea
iaeaea 9 ia/100 a a?oioo. Iioei?caoe?y ai?noo eae?th a i?iiio oa??
aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiai aeeienoi-i?uaiiai a?oioo aeine?ae?a i?e
aeei?enoaii? aeia?ea a n?aici?iao noai?thaaeanue i?e oiiaao aeinoaoiuei?
e?eueeino? a a?oio? noiooi?o aeaiaio?a i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy (oaae.3).

?ICAe?E 4. AIEEA O?EAAEIAI AEEI?ENOAIIss AeIA?EA IA A?IAEAE EA?OIIE?
OA ?IOEO N?EUeNUeEIAINIIAeA?NUeEEO EOEUeOO? ? I?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe N?AICI?I

A ?icae?e? iieacaii aieea o?eaaeiai aeei?enoaiiy aeia?ea ia a?iaeae
ea?oiie? oa ?ioeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue
n?aici?i iaio aeine?ae?a. Aecia/aii, ui iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiei
niiniaii aeei?enoaiiy aeia?ea o n?aici?i? aoei noi?nia canoinoaaiiy
i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea i?e ia??iaee/iiio aaiioaaii? a?oioo
iiaiith ii?iith aaiia ca a?ae?ie?oe/iith eeneioi?noth.

Ine?eueee iaea?eueoa iio?aaa a aeeaeaii? ea?oiie? i?eiaaea? ia ia??iae
?ioaineaiiai ?icaeoeo eenoiai? iiaa?oi? oa aoeueaiooai?aiiy, aaaeeeaa
cia/aiiy i?e oeueiio iaee iiaiaei? oiiae ia??iae?a aaaaoaoe??, cie?aia
aiaeiee oa oaiia?aoo?iee ?aaeeie, /ei ? iiynith?oueny aeayea aa??aoe?y
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ea?oiie? a 1989-1994??. O?eaaea canoinoaaiiy a iieueiaeo
n?aici?iao aeia?ea i?e ae?iuoaaii? ea?oiie? iieacaei, ui ca ?aooiie
caaeainiaaiiai i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy na?aaei? i?e?inoe a?iaeath a
ia?oiio aeine?ae? ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth aac aeia?ea (62 oe/aa)
noaiiaeee aeecueei 150-160 oe/aa, ui aeinyaaeinue noi?niei canoinoaaiiyi
iii??ieo ii?i i?aai?/ieo oa i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea. Iaeiinoi?iii? aianaiiy
oiiiaeo aeia?ea oa aeeeth/aiiy c iiaiiai i?ia?aeueiiai oaeia?aiiy
eae?th i?ecaiaeeei aei cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ea?oiie? ia 20-30 oe/aa
ii??aiyii c iioeiaeueieie aa??aioaie. Anoaiiaeaii noaa?e?coth/o ?ieue
aeei?enoaiiy aeia?ea i?e caaacia/aii? iioeiaeueieo oiia aeeaeaiiy
ea?oiie?: yeui ia eiio?ie? a iinooeea? ? ia?acaieiaeai? ?iee ??aaiue
a?iaeath ciaiooaaany iaeaea ia 50%, oi i?e aeei?enoaii? aeia?ea eeoa ia
30%. A iinooeea? ?iee ??aaiue a?iaeath ae??aithaaany iacaeaaeii a?ae
aeia?ea a?eueoa i?ae a 2 ?ace.

Caiania aianaiiy noia?oinoaoo caaacia/oaaei i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiaee a?iaeae
aoeuea ii??aiyii ?c eiai ui??/iei aianaiiyi ia oii? i?aai?/ieo ?
i?ia?aeueieo NK-aeia?ea. Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth
aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiai aeeienoi-i?uaiiai a?oioo aeine?ae?a
aeyaeeinue oa, ui a iinooeea? ?iee i?e?inoe a?iaeath i?e ??cieo no?ieao
aianaiiy oinoi?o oaeiae i?aaethaaeenue, ye ? a ia?oiio aeine?ae?.

Ii?yae c ea?oiieath a aeine?aeao aeei?enoiaoaaee a neeaae? n?aici?i ?
?io? eoeueoo?e, oae? ye eoeo?oaeca, aeei-iaan, iceia aeeoi, ethiei oa
iaan, i?iaeoeoeai?noue yeeo oaeiae caeaaeaea a?ae ii?i i?aai?/ieo ?
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ? ci?ithaaeanue ii ?ieao aeine?aeaeaiue caeaaeii
a?ae iiaiaeieo oiia aaaaoaoe?eieo ia??iae?a.

Iniiaiei iieacieeii aoaeoeaiino? caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy
a?iaeaeiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? oa ?iaeth/ino? a?oioo ?
i?iaeoeoeai?noue n?aici?ie, aea oe? eoeueoo?e ae?iuothoueny. Aeey
caaaeaiiy aeaieo i?iaeoeoeaiino? aei ni?eueiiai iieacieea canoiniaoaaee
ca?iia? iaeeieoe? (oaae.4).

I?iaeoeoeai?noue eaiee n?aici?ie ia?oiai aeine?aeo aoea ii??aiyii (aeey
oeueiai oeio oa aeaeo a?oioo) aenieith, ui iia’ycaii a ia?oo /a?ao c
canoinoaaiiyi aeinoaoiuei? e?eueeino? i?aai?/ieo (60 o/aa) aeia?ea i?ae
oae? i?iaeoeoeai? eoeueoo?e, ye ea?oiiey oa eoeo?oaeca, ui caaacia/eee
iaea?eueoee aeo?ae ca?iiaeo iaeeieoeue c aaeoa?a n?aici?iii? ieiu?. A
ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai (aac aeia?ea) i?iaeoeoeai?noue eaiee n?aici?ie
a?ae canoinoaaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea ca?eueooaaeanue aaea?/?, a i?e
aianaii? ia ?o oii? iiaiiai (ca aeaiaioaie) i?ia?aeueiiai oaeia?aiiy a
3-4.5 ?ace. Na?aaei? aeoiaee ca?iiaeo iaeeieoeue c aaeoa?a i?e oeueiio
noaiiaeee 43-52 oe caeaaeii a?ae acioieo aeia?ea (N270-N375), ui aiineee
i?ae eoeueoo?e eaiee n?aici?ie.

Cia/iee noia?iee aeo?ae ca?iiaeo iaeeieoeue ia eiio?ie? ae?oaiai
aeine?aeo aoei caaacia/aii caaaeyee aenie?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? ethieio,
oiio i?e?inoe na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiino? eeoa aaea?/? ia?aaeuoaaee
eiio?ieuei? ? ciaoiaeeeenue a iaaeao 35-38 oe c.i. C oeueiai aeieeaa?,
ui iaaio ae?iaie/o caeaoi?noue oi?ioaaoe a?iaeae iaa aeania a?oio
iaa?oue a?aeiee ia ai?no aeaiaio?a aeeaeaiiy ?ineei.

Oaaeeoey 4 — I?iaeoeoeai?noue eaiee n?aici?ie a aeine?ae? c ??cieie
nenoaiaie oaeia?aiiy a na?aaeiueiio ca 1989-1994??., oe/aa ca?iiaeo
iaeeieoeue

Eoeueoo?a (iacaa i?iaeoeoe??)I?e %Aa??aioe

(aeia?eaa ia eaieo n?aici?ie)

ea?-oiiey (aoeue-ae)eoeo-?oaeca

(caea-ia iana)aeei-iaan

(caea-ia iana)iceia aeeoi (ca?-ii)Anuei-aiNa?aaei?

c 4 iie?a??noaei

eiio?iethaei eiio?ieth1.Aac aeia?ea
(eiio?ieue)18.616.44.210.647.111.8—2. 60 o/aa oi?oiaii-eiaee eiiiino
(oii-?)33.935.88.613.389.522.410.6903. NPK ca aea?aaeaio, aei o.eiiiinoo
(oii-??)38.146.85.915.6100.425.113.31134. 0.5ii?ie o.eiiiinoo+

0.5 ii?ie NPK ca aea?aaeaioii
(oii-???)46.843.67.230.8109.627.415.61325.Oii-? +
N270P240K27063.367.215.240.1170.342.630.82616.Oii-?+
N375P240K27065.773.618.631.5207.551.940.13407.Oii-?+
N270P240K270*64.567.617.226.8173.343.331.52708.Oii-?+
N270P24051.966.812.728.4153.838.526.82269.Oii-?+
N270K27058.564.614.229.7160.740.228.424110. 13.3 o/aa o.eiiiinoo

N56P50K55 (na?aaeiuei-n?aici?iia ii?ia)57.366.418.823.5166.041.529.7252
I?ei?oea. Ia aa?.7 aiineee aeieii?o a iiai?e ii?i? ca
a?ae?ie?oe/iith eeneioi?noth, ia ?ioeo, e??i eiio?ieth, canoiniaoaaee
iieiaeiio ii?io.

Ii??aiyiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? n?aici?ie ia aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiio
aeeienoi-i?uaiiio a?oio? c i?iaeoeoeai?noth iieueiai? n?aici?ie ia
aea?iiai-i?aecieenoiio noi?uaiiio a?oio?, ui i?iaiaeeoue a?aeae?e
aa?io?i?? oa o?c?ieia?? ?ineei ?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI a
aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa? “Eiiee?a” (A.A.Aeaaiaethe, 1993) iieaco?, ui
i?e canoinoaaii? iioeiaeueieo ii?i i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea
iaea?aeaii iaeaea iaeiaeiao ?o i?iaeoeoeai?noue, ui, a?aeiia?aeii,
noaiiaeoue 52 ? 55 oe/aa ca?iiaeo iaeeieoeue.

Aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii i?e aecia/aii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? n?aici?i ? ieoii?noue
i?e?inoii ca?iiaeo iaeeieoeue c aaeoa?a iaeeieoe? eiiiinoo oa
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea (a ae?th/?e ?a/iaei?). Aeyaeaoe ?ieue eiaeiiai c
eiiiiiaio?a, ui aa?ooue o/anoue a oi?ioaaii? a?iaeath eoeueoo? n?aici?i
aeaeii, ui iaea?eueoo ieoii?noue iaee acioi? aeia?eaa a ??cieo aeicao
canoinoaaiiy (24-25.5 ea c.i. i?e aianaii? 1 ea ae?th/i? ?a/iaeie), a
oaeiae noi?nia ?o canoinoaaiiy c oinoi?ieie (12,6) oa eae?eieie (13,1),
ye? ie?aii caaacia/oaaee ieoii?noue a?aeiia?aeii ii 4 oa 6 ea. Na?aaeiy
ieoii?noue iiaiiai i?ia?aeueiiai oaeia?aiiy neeaaeaea 11.6-13.3 ea/aa
NPK. Iaeiaioo ieoii?noue iaee i?aai?/i? aeia?eaa (anueiai 0.07 ea) /a?ac
iacia/iee ai?no aeaiaio?a aeeaeaiiy a ia?a?aooieo ia ae?th/o ?a/iaeio. A
ae?oaiio aeine?ae? iaea?eueoo ieoii?noue oinoi?ieo aeia?ea aoei
aeinyaiooi i?e ?o aianaii? “a caian” ia 8 ?ie?a (?720) ? ui??/iiio
canoinoaaii? ?90 — 4.7 oa 4.4 ea.

?ICAe?E 5. AIEEA ??CIEO NENOAI OAeIA?AIIss IA IIEACIEEE ssEINO?
N?EUeNUeEIAINIIAeA?NUeEI? I?IAeOEOe??

Aena?oeaii ieoaiiy aieeao ??cieo nenoai oaeia?aiiy a n?aici?iao ia
ye?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??, aecia/aii oeyoe io?eiaiiy
aenieiye?niiai a?iaeath iniiaieo eoeueoo? i?e caa?aaeaii? ?iaeth/ino?
a?oioo ? aeinoaoi?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?ineei. Cacia/a?oueny, cie?aia, ui
i?e ae?iuoaaii? ea?oiie? aeey iaea?aeaiiy aenieiai a?iaeath c iio??aieie
aeey niiaeeaa/a iieacieeaie yeino? ia aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiio
aeeienoi-i?uaiiio a?oio? aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? noai?aiiy
iioeiaeueieo oiia i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy, yea aeinyaa?oueny eiiieaeniei
canoinoaaiiyi i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea. A iaeiie/aii? a?eeiaeo
?a/iaei, ai?iieeneio oa anei?a?iiai? eeneioe aaaeeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?a?
iioei?caoe?y acioiiai aeeaeaiiy ?ineei. Caaaeath/e ia aenieo ?ooii?noue
i?o?aoiiai acioo a aeeienoi-i?uaiiio a?oio? oa eiai canaithaai?noue
?ineeiaie ai?no i?o?aoiiai acioo a aoeueaao ea?oiie? ciaoiaeeany ia
iaae? a?aie/ii-aeiionoeieo eiioeaio?aoe?e, a iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e
niinoa??aaeenue i?e canoinoaaii? oiiiaeo aeia?ea oa
na?aaeiuei-n?aici?ii?e ii?i? aianaiiy i?aai?/ieo oa i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea
i?e aaiioaaii? iieiaeiiith ii?iith ca a?ae?ie?oe/iith eeneioi?noth.
Ca?eueoaiiy ii?ie aaiia iie?iooaaei ai?iieeneioiee neeaae aoeuea. Ia
iia??oaiiy eoe?ia?ieo aeanoeainoae ea?oiie? a ia?oo /a?ao aieeaaei
iacaaeainiaaia i?ia?aeueia aeeaeaiiy i?e ca?eueoaii? aeic acioieo
aeia?ea.

I?aai?/i? oa i?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa, ui aiineee a n?aici?iao iaio
aeine?ae?a, iaee iaaiee aieea ia iieacieee o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ae?iuoaaii?
i?iaeoeoe?? (caeaia iana ei?iiaeo eoeueoo?, ca?ii, nieiia). Ai?no
caaaeueieo NPK aoa aeuei ia oaeia?aieo iiaiith ii?iith ca aeaiaioaie
aeeaeaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia oii? i?aai?/ieo. Aeaui ??cieeanue
aeeiai?ea iaeiie/aiiy aaeiaiai acioo a caeai?e ian? eoeo?oaece,
aeei-a?anyii? noi?o? oa ethieio caeaaeii a?ae aeia?ea, ui iiynith?oueny
??cieie ??aiyie a?iaeaeiino? oeeo eoeueoo? ia aa??aioao c aeia?eaaie ?
aac ieo, a ioaea, ? ?iciiae?eii aeiino i?ia?aeueieo aeaiaio?a. Ai?no
oinoi?o a i?iaeoeoe?? c?inoaa iaeaea aaea?/?, a eae?th — iaeaea ia
ci?ithaaany i?e canoinoaaii? aeia?ea (e??i iia?/ii? i?iaeoeoe??).

?ICAe?E 6. AEIIII?*IA OA AIA?AAOE*IA AOAEOEAI?NOUe ??CIEO NENOAI
OAeIA?AIIss A N?AICI?IAO

I?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeiiii?/ii? oa aia?aaoe/ii? oe?iiino?
canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea a n?aici?iao. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aianaiiy i?aai?/ieo,
a iniaeeai i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ii?yae c ?ioeie aa?ioaoi?/ieie
i?eeiiaie, ui aeei?enoiaothoue i?e ae?iuoaaii? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
eoeueoo?, aoei iaeaoaeoeai?oei oaeoi?ii i?aeaeuaiiy a?iaeath, a, ioaea,
? i?eaooeo c iaeeieoe? ieiu?. Ia i?eeeaae? eiio?ieueiiai aa??aioo
aeacaii iioaioe?eio i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeania a?oioo oa aeiiii?/io
aoaeoeai?noue caoiae?a ii ae?iuoaaiith eoeueoo? aac canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea
(oaae.5).

Oaaeeoey 5 — Aeiiii?/ia oa aia?aaoe/ia aoaeoeai?noue eaiee n?aici?ie a
aeine?ae? c ??cieie nenoaiaie oaeia?aiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
eoeueoo?, 1989-1994??.

?

Aa??aioe

O?i-aeae- i?noue,

Anueiai aeo?ao

Nia?-aa?-I?eao-oie ia

?aioa-aaeue-i?noue,

Aia?aiaeo?aoe,

Iaeae

Eaai/ioe

c.i./ aaia 1aa,

a?io?noue, a?i1aa,

a?i%ia

1 aaia

1 oe1Aac aeia?ea11.81293.782141661576813361.982Oii — (60 o/aa
oi?oiaiiei-aee eiiiino+2 o/aa
aeieii?o)22.81952.824392252668011911.923Oii +
N270?240E27063.33463.53893258361228482.504Oii +
N300?240E27065.73693.67929252429698282.295Oii + N270?240E270
64.53473.51895259386478922.466Oii +
N270?24051.92873.20780272328018522.527Oii +
N270E27058.52692.71871324345888602.548Na?aaeiuei-n?aici?iia ii?ia
aianaiiy i?aai?/ieo oa i?ia-?aeueieo aeia?ea+2 o/aa
aeieii?o57.33083.33866281356838602.55

Aeiiii?/ii aea?aeiei a iaio aeine?aeao aoei ae?iuoaaiiy i?inaiieo
eoeueoo? (ea?oiiey, eoeo?oaeca). Iacaaaeath/e ia aenie? iaoa??aeuei? ?
o?ce/i? aeo?aoe ia iaeeieoeth ieiu? i?e oeueiio, ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? aoei iaea?aeaii aenie? aeiiii?/i? iieacieee (i?eaooie,
?aioaaaeuei?noue). Canoinoaaiiy oiiiaeo (i?aai?/ieo oa i?ia?aeueieo)
aeia?ea cia/ii i?aeaeuoaaei nia?aa?o?noue iaeeieoe? ie?aieo aeae?a
i?iaeoeoe?? (aoeueae, caeaia iana eoeo?oaece, aeei-a?ana, ethieio), aea
aeei?enoaiiy i?neyae?? oeeo aeia?ea eoeueoo?aie n?aici?ie ciaiooaaei
nia?aa?o?noue ae?iuoaaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? a oe?eiio ca n?aici?io. Aianaiiy
iiaiiai i?ia?aeueiiai oaeia?aiiy a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a a 2-2.5 ?ace
ieoiaee aeo?aoe iia’ycai? c oeei.

Ea?oiiey, ye ? eoeo?oaeca aoee aia?aii?noeeie ? iio?aaoaaee aaeeeeo
cao?ao aia?a?? aeey iaea?aeaiiy a?iaeath (oaae.6). Aac canoinoaaiiy
aeia?ea iecueea i?iaeoeoeai?noue eoeueoo? iaoiiaethaaea cia/i? aeo?aoe
ia io?eiaiiy iaeeieoe? i?iaeoeoe?? ? oei naiei cieaeoaaee eiao?oe??io
aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i?e oeueiio. I?aai?/i? aeia?eaa ? aaiii
(aeieii?o) cia/ii i?aeaeuoaaee

Oaaeeoey 6 — Aeiiii?/ia oa aia?aaoe/ia aoaeoeai?noue n?aici?ie i?e
??cieo niiniaao canoinoaaiiy oinoi?ieo aeia?ea, 1989-1994??.

?

Aa??aioe

(aeia?eaa ca ?ioaoe?th n?aici?ie)

O?i-aeae- i?noue,

Anueiai aeo?ao

Nia?-aa?-I?eao-oie ia

?aioa-aaeue-i?noue,

Aia?aiaeo?aoe,

Iaeae i/ioe

c.i./aaia 1aa,

a?io?noue, a?i1aa,

a?i%ia

1 aaia

1 oeEaa1Aac aeia?ea (eiio?ieue)16.81435.452972081890211251.762Oii — (30
o/aa oi?oiaii-eiaee eiiiino +aeieii?o 1.5o/aa + N210E270
)32.52544.80673265320699871.943Oii + ?360
ui?ieo36.53717.157191943672610061.894Oii + ?360 ?ac ia 4
?iee35.23034.537182373724910581.725Oii + ?720 ?ac ia 8 ?ie?a
36.73274.997182203997410891.626Oii -(30 o/aa oi?oiaiiei-aee eiiiino +
1.5 o/aa aeieii?o + N300E390 )+ ?360 ?ac ia 4
?iee37.94285.967591774226611151.59

caaaeuei? aia?aiaeo?aoe (a 1.5 ?ace). Ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? a 2 ?ace aia?aiaeo?aoe ia iaea?aeaiiy 1 oe i?iaeoeoe??
cieaeoaaeenue, a Eaa caeeoaany iecueeei. Aeiaeaoeia? aia?aiaeo?aoe i?e
aianaii? iiaiiai i?ia?aeueiiai aeia?eaa eiiiainoaaeenue cia/iei
i?e?inoii a?iaeath ? ?inoii aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? a oe?eiio, ui
iniaeeai aeae?eyeinue i?e canoinoaaii? iii??ieo ii?i i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea. Ioaea aenieo aia?aaoe/io aoaeoeai?noue a iaio aeine?aeao aoei
io?eiaii ia oaeia?aieo aa??aioao c iii??iei i?ia?aeueiei oaeia?aiiyi,
aea ii?yae ?c cia/iith i?iaeoeoeai?noth ae?iuoaaieo o n?aici?iao
eoeueoo? aia?aiaeo?aoe ia iaeeieoeth ieiu? aoee ia iaeaeueie o
aeine?aeao, a eiao?oe??io aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? — iaeneiaeueiei.

aeniiaee

1. Ia aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiio aeeienoii?uaiiio a?oio? aianaiiy
iieiaeiii? ca a?ae?ie?oe/iith eeneioi?noth ii?ie aeieii?oo aoei
iaaeinoaoi?i i?e iane/aii? n?aici?ie 13.3 o/aa oi?oieiiiinoo oa
N50P50K55 i?ia?aeueieie aeia?eaaie ia e?iaoeue iyoi? ?ioaoe??.
Niinoa??aaeinue yaeua i?eoiaaii? iaaaoeaii? ae?? i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea,
iniaeeai i?aeaeuaieo aeic acioieo ? eae?eieo aeia?ea ia a?oio. Aianaiiy
aeieii?oo a iiai?e ii?i? ca Ia ni?eyei a?aeiiniiio iie?auaiith
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae a?oioo, a naia, cieaeaiith eiai
eeneioiino?, i?aeaeuaiith nooiaith iane/aiiy iniiaaie, i?noeino?
aae?aiiy, noie iiaeeiooeo iniia oa ?ioeo.

2. Iioei?caoe?y o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae i?e o?eaaeiio canoinoaaii?
i?aai?/ieo oa i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea c ia??iaee/iei aaiioaaiiyi a?oioo
aaciina?aaeiuei aeyaeeinue o i?aeaeuaii? ai?noo a i?iiio oa?? a?oioo
aoiono, yeee i?ioyaii iyoe ?ioaoe?e n?aici?ie c?inoaa a ii??aiyii? c
ii/aoeiaei ??aiai ia 0.3-0.42%..

3. Oinoaoiee ?aaeei aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiai aeeienoi-i?uaiiai
a?oioo cia/iith i??ith caeaaeaa a?ae o?eaaeiai aeei?enoaiiy i?aai?/ieo
oa i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea a n?aici?i?. I?e oeueiio a?aei?/aany ??no ai?noo
caaaeueiiai oinoi?o, eiai ?ooiieo oi?i, nooiaith ?ooiiino?. Ia?aaaaeia
/anoeia i?ia?aeueieo oinoao?a a?oioo aoea i?aaenoaaeaia oinoaoaie
aethi?i?th oa cae?ca, iaioa — oinoaoaie eaeueoe?th ? cian?i iacia/ii —
?eoeica’ycaieie oa aiaei?ic/eiieie oinoaoaie.

4. Iioei?caoe?y ai?noo oi?i eae?th o a?oio? i?e aianaii? aeia?ea i?ae
eoeueoo?e n?aici?ie a?aeaoaaeanue i?e iie?auaii? eiai aa?io?i?/ieo
aeanoeainoae, aeinoaoiuei? e?eueeino? a a?oio? noiooi?o aeaiaio?a
aeeaeaiiy i?e aeei?enoaii? i?aai?/ieo, i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea oa
aeieii?oo. I?e oeueiio a 3-3.5 ?ace c?inoaa ??aaiue caaacia/aiiy a?oioo
?ooiieie oi?iaie eae?th ? ia 30-40% — iaiai?iieie oi?iaie a ii??aiyii? c
ii/aoeiaei ??aiai ai?noo.

5. I?aai?/i? aeia?eaa, ye? aiineee a n?aici?i?, i?aeaeuoaaee a?iaeae
aoeuea ea?oiie? ia 80-100 oe/aa i?ioyaii an?o ?ie?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Ua
a?eueoo (a 2-2.5 ?ace) aoaeoeai?noue iaea i?aaii-i?ia?aeueia nenoaia
oaeia?aiiy ea?oiie? i?e iii??ieo ii?iao i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy ? iiai?e
ii?i? aaiioaaiiy ca a?ae?ie?oe/iith eeneioi?noth. Ca?eueoaiiy aeice
acioo ni?eyei eeoa iacia/iiio i?aeaeuaiith a?iaeaeiino? aoeuea.

6. I?e nenoaiaoe/iiio aianaii? i?aai?/ieo oa i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea a
n?aici?i? o?iaeaei?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, ye?
ae?iuoaaeenue, a?ae/ooii c?inoaea i?e iioeiaeueieo ??aiyo oaeia?aiiy (80
o/aa oi?oieiiiino + N330P300K330 ca n?aici?io), ?o i?e?inoe i?e oeueiio
noaiiaeee: caeaii? iane eoeo?oaece — 260 oe/aa, aeei-a?ana — aei 120
oe/aa, ethieio — aei 70 oe/aa, ca?ia iceiiai aeeoa — aei 19 oe/aa, a?ana
— aei 15 oe/aa a na?aaeiueiio ca o?noue ?ie?a aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iiaiaei? oiiae i?ioyaii aaaaoaoe?eieo ia??iae?a 1989-1994 ??.
aeoaea ??cieeenue i?ae niaith, ui iaei aaciina?aaei?e aieea ia
a?iaeaei?noue an?o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? a n?aici?iao, aea
iioeiaeueiee ??aaiue oaeia?aiiy ?o iaaiith i??ith i?aaethaaa iaaaoeaio
ae?th iiaiaee.

7. Iaea?eueoo i?iaeoeoeai?noue n?aici?ie i?e aeei?enoaii? aeia?ea (51.9
oe c.i./aa) a?aei?/aii i?e iiaiiio i?ia?aeueiiio aeeaeaii? ia oii?
i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea oa aeieii?oo, ui caaacia/oaaei aeo?ae ca?iiaeo
iaeeieoeue ia 30-40 oe/aa aeua a?ae eiio?ieth (aac aeia?ea). Niiniae
aianaiiy oinoi?ieo aeia?ea iaee ii??aiyii iaeiaeiao i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?
caaacia/oaaee aei 18-20 oe/aa ca?iiaeo iaeeieoeue i?e?inoo.

8. Aeei?enoaiiy i?aai?/ieo oa i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea a n?aici?i?
caaacia/oaaei ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo a aoeueaao anei?a?iiai? eeneioe
(aei 5 ia%), a i?e i?aeaeuai?e aeic? acioieo aeia?ea — caaaeueiiai acioo
? a?eeo ii?yae c aenieei ai?noii (aei 150 ia/ea) i?o?ao?a, aaee/eia
ai?noo yeeo caeaaeaea oaeiae ? a?ae caaeainiaaiino? i?ia?aeueiiai
aeeaeaiiy ea?oiie? oa aianaiiy oinoi?ieo aeia?ea. Ai?iieeneioiee neeaae
aoeuea cia/ii ci?ithaaany i?e canoinoaaii? iiaii? ii?ie aaiia ca
a?ae?ie?oe/iith eeneioi?noth oa caaeainiaaiino? i?ia?aeueiiai oaeia?aiiy
ca oinoi?ii ? eae??i. I?aeaeuaia aeica acioo ca?eueooaaea ai?no eeoa
ie?aieo ai?iieeneio.

9. Aianaiiy ia oii? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea i?ia?aeueieo a ??cieo
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo aaei aei iaaieo aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao ia ae?iuoaaiiy
eoeueoo? a n?aici?i?, ui iiai?noth ieoiaeenue i?e?inoii a?iaeath,
caaacia/oth/e cia/iee /enoee i?eaooie oa i?aeaeuoth/e ??aaiue
?aioaaaeueiino?. Iaaeiaianaiiy ie?aieo aeaiaio?a (oinoi?o, eae?th) oi/ ?
caeaoaaethaaei ae?iaieoeoai eoeueoo?, aea aeua aoaeoeai?noue
aeinyaaeanue i?e iiaiiio i?ia?aeueiiio aeeaeaii?. Aeniei?aioaaaeueiei
i?e aeei?enoaii? iioeiaeueieo (iii??ieo) ii?i i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea aoei
ae?iuoaaiiy ea?oiie? oa eoeo?oaece (320 oa 327% a?aeiia?aeii), iaio
?aioaaaeueiei — ae?iaieoeoai ca?ia iceiiai aeeoa, a?ana oa caeaii? iane
ei?iiaiai ethieio ? aeei-a?ana. Cia/io aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue iaea
i?neyae?y i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea, oinoi?o, ui aiineee “a caian” oa iiaii?
ii?ie aaiia ca a?ae?ie?oe/iith eeneioi?noth.

10. Ae?iuoaaiiy i?inaiieo eoeueoo? (ea?oiiey, eoeo?oaeca) a n?aici?i?
aoei aeineoue aia?aii?noeei, ui iaoiiaethaaeinue cia/ieie
aia?aiaeo?aoaie i?e aianaii? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea. Iaio aia?ai?iieie aoee
ca?iia? (iceia aeeoi, iaan), a ei?iia? (ethiei) aecia/aeenue aenieith
aia?aiaoaeoeai?noth /a?ac cia/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?e iecueeeo cao?aoao
ia iaea?aeaiiy i?iaeoeoe??. I?e canoinoaaii? iii??ieo ii?i i?ia?aeueiiai
oaeia?aiiy a oiiaao n?aici?ie aoei io?eiaii iaeaeuo aia?aiaoaeoeai?noue,
c iaaenieeie aia?aiaeo?aoaie ? iaeneiaeueiei eiao?oe??ioii aia?aaoe/ii?
aoaeoeaiino?.

11. A ca?ii-ea?oiieyi?e n?aici?i? ia aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiio
aeeienoi-i?uaiiio a?oio? c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ?? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeioe?eueia noi?nia canoinoaaiiy 13.3 o i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea oa aei 240 ea
NPK ia 1 aa n?aici?iii? ieiu? ia oii? aaiioaaiiy ia iaio ye iiaiith
ii?iith ca a?ae?ie?oe/iith eeneioi?noth aeieii?oiaei ai?ioiii.

INIIAI? IOAE?EAOe?? II OAI? AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aaeyai N.A., Oaa/aiei E.A., Aeoiaanueeee A.A. Aeeyiea aeeeoaeueiiai
i?eiaiaiey oaeia?aiee ia ieiaei?iaeea eaaeie aea?iiai-iiaecieenoie
ii/au e i?iaeoeoeaiinoue naaiiai?ioa //Aa?ioeiey.-1992,?2.- N.45-51.
(O/anoue a ia?iaoe? iaoa??ae?a aeine?aeaeaiue oa iaa?oiooaaii?
aeniiae?a).

2. Aaeyai N.A., Oaa/aiei E.A., Aeoiaanueeee A.A. Aieea aeia?ea ia
a?iaeae ea?oiie? oa iaeiie/aiiy i?o?aoiiai acioo a aoeueaao
//Ea?oiiey?noai.-Aei.22,-E.O?iaeae,1991.- N.37-40. (i?iaaaeaiiy
iieueiaeo oa eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o ia?iaea oa ocaaaeueiaiiy).

3. Aaeyai N.A., Aeoiaanueeee A.A. Aieea ??cieo niinia?a canoinoaaiiy
oinoi?ieo aeia?ea ia aa?io?i?/i? aeanoeaino? eaaeiai
aea?iiai-i?aecieenoiai a?oioo //Aeieia?y Iie?nny: i?iaeaie, no/ani?noue,
iaeaooi? / Oac.aeii.eiio. *anoeia 2. -Oa?e?a-Eooeuee,1993.- N.68-69.
(Ia?iaea iaoa??ae?a aaaaoi??/ieo aeine?ae?a c ?o iiaeaeueoei
ocaaaeueiaiiyi ? aeiiia?aeaeth).

4. Aaeyai N.A., Aeoiaanueeee A.A., Eenae I.A. Aieea niinia?a
canoinoaaiiy oinoi?ieo aeia?ea ia iaeiie/aiiy oinoao?a o eaaeiio
aea?iiai-i?aecieenoiio a?oio? oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue n?aici?ie // Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI.-E.-1996.-Aei.1.-
N.162-169. (Aaciina?aaeiy o/anoue a i?iaaaeaii? iieueiaeo oa
eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?ae?a oa ?o nenoaiaoecaoe?y).

5. Aeoiaanueeee A.A., Aaeyai N.A. Aieea aeia?ea ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue
ea?oiie?, ye?noue aoeuea oa o?aaeai?noue oai?iaaie // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue ?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI.-E.-1997.-Aei.2.- N.7-10.
(I?iaaaeaiiy an?o aeine?aeaeaiue ca oaiith, ocaaaeueiaiiy oa
iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoa??ae?a noaoo?).

AIIOAOe?ss

Aeoiaanueeee A.A. Aieea o?eaaeiai canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea ia ?iaeth/?noue
aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiai aeeienoi-i?uaiiai a?oioo oa
i?iaeoeoeai?noue eoeueoo? a iieueiaeo n?aici?iao.

Aeena?oaoe?y (?oeiien) ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.01.04 – aa?io?i?y.
?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI, Ee?a, 1999.

A aeiaaio?eaaeeo noaoe?iia?ieo aeine?aeao ia
aea?iiai-neaaeii?aecieenoiio aeeienoi-i?uaiiio a?oio? aea/aany aieea
nenoaiaoe/iiai aianaiiy i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea c aaiioaaiiyi
a?oioo aeieii?oii a oiiaao iieueiaeo n?aici?i ia iniiai? iieacieee eiai
?iaeth/ino?, a?iaeaei?noue eoeueoo? oa ye?noue i?iaeoeoe??
?ineeiieoeoaa. Aea/aeanue ii??aiyeueia aoaeoeai?noue ui??/iiai ?
caianiiai aianaiiy oinoi?ieo aeia?ea i?e aeiaaio?eaaeiio ?o canoinoaaii?
a n?aici?i? ca aieeaii ia oinoaoiee ?aaeei a?oioo ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue
eoeueoo?. ?ic?aoiaaia aeiiii?/ia oa aia?aaoe/ia aoaeoeai?noue cania?a
o?i?caoe?? a n?aici?iao.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiith a aeine?aeao aoea iii??ia
nenoaia i?ia?aeueiiai oaeia?aiiy ?ineei i?e iiai?e ii?i? aaiia ca
a?ae?ie?oe/iith eeneioi?noth, ui iaoiiaeth? a?iaeae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? c ye?noth, yea caaeiaieueiy?
niiaeeaa/a, caaacia/o? i?iaeoeoeai?noue n?aici?ie c iaeneiaeueiei
aeoiaeii oiiaieo iaeeieoeue c aaeoa?a n?aici?iii? ieiu? i?e iii??ieo
cao?aoao ia ae?iuoaaiiy eoeueoo? ? ye iane?aeie – aenieo aeiiii?/io ?
aia?aaoe/io aoaeoeai?noue.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aeoiaaneee A.A. Aeeyiea aeeeoaeueiiai i?eiaiaiey oaeia?aiee ia
ieiaei?iaeea aea?iiai-neaaiiiaecieenoie aeeienoi-ian/aiie ii/au e
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue eoeueoo? a iieaauo naaiiai?ioao.

Aeenna?oaoeey (?oeiienue) ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.01.04. — aa?ioeiey.
Einoeooo caieaaeaeey OAAI, Eeaa,1999.

Aea?iiai-neaaiiiaecieenoua aeeienoi-ian/aiua ii/au, eioi?ua a naiai
aieueoeinoaa yaeythony oiiiauie aeey ciiu Iieanuey Oe?aeiu,
oa?aeoa?ecothony e?aeia iaaeaaii?eyoiuie naienoaaie. Yooaeoeaiia
aaaeaiea caieaaeaeey ia oaeeo ii/aao aac nenoaiaoe/aneiai i?eiaiaiey
oaeia?aiee iaaiciiaeii. Enoiaey ec yoiai, iniaia cia/aiea e
aeooaeueiinoue eiaao i?eaeeaeaiea iioaioeeaeueiiai e yooaeoeaiiai
ieiaei?iaeey aeeienoi-ian/aiuo ii/a aea?iiai-iiaecieenoiai oeia e
ii/aaiiui ?aciinoyi n aieaa aunieeie iieacaoaeyie ieiaei?iaeey. Iaeiei
ec iniiaiuo iai?aaeaiee i?e yoii yaeyaony ieoeueoo?eaaiea ii/au iooai
aeeeoaeueiiai nenoaiaoe/aneiai eniieueciaaiey oia?aiiuo ii?i oaeia?aiee
n iaycaoaeueiui ecaanoeiaaieai aeieiieoii a oneiaeyo
iao/ii-iainiiaaiiiai naaiiai?ioa.

A aeeeoaeueiuo noaoeeiia?iuo iiuoao a oneiaeyo oeaio?aeueiiai iieanuey
Oe?aeiu ia aea?iiai-neaaiiiaecieenoie aeeienoi-ian/aiie ii/aa
eco/aeinue aeeyiea nenoaiaoe/aneiai i?eiaiaiey i?aaie/aneeo,
ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee e ecaanoe a naaiiai?ioao ia iniiaiua iieacaoaee
ieiaei?iaeey ii/au, o?iaeaeiinoue eoeueoo? e ea/anoai ?anoaieaaiae/aneie
i?iaeoeoeee. Eco/aeanue n?aaieoaeueiay yooaeoeaiinoue aaeaaiaeiiai e
caianiiai aianaiey oinoi?iuo oaeia?aiee i?e aeeeoaeueiii eo
eniieueciaaiee a naaiiai?ioa ii aeeyieth ia iieacaoaee ieiaei?iaeey
ii/au e i?iaeoeoeaiinoue eoeueoo?. Ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua i?eioeeiu
iiauoaiey i?iaeoeoeaiinoe naaiiai?ioia i?e ?acee/iuo nenoaiao oaeia?aiey
eoeueoo?, ?ann/eoaia yeiiiie/aneay e yia?aaoe/aneay yooaeoeaiinoue
n?aaenoa oeiecaoeee, oeacaiu iooe eo ?aaoee?iaaiey.

A ?acoeueoaoa enneaaeiaaiee onoaiiaeaii, /oi nenoaiaoe/aneia i?eiaiaiea
oia?aiiuo ii?i i?aaie/aneeo e ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee i?e ia?eiaee/aneii
ecaanoeiaaiee ii/au ieacuaaao cia/eoaeueiia aeeyiea ia iniiaiua
iieacaoaee aa ieiaei?iaeey. I?e yoii i?ienoiaeeo iioeiecaoeey
oeceei-oeie/aneeo naienoa ii/au, aoiona, iiaeaeaeiuo oi?i oinoaoia e
eaeey. Cia/eoaeueii iiauoaeanue i?iaeoeoeaiinoue naaiiai?ioa ca n/ao
oaaee/aiey o?iaeaeiinoe eoeueoo?, i?e iioeiaeueiii (oia?aiiii)
oaeia?aiee eioi?uo caiaoii oeo/oaeenue iniiaiua iieacaoaee ea/anoaa
?anoaieaaiae/aneie i?iaeoeoeee. Ii?aaeaeaia ioiineoaeueiay
?aaiioeaiiinoue aaeaaiaeiiai e caianiiai aianaiey oinoi?iuo oaeia?aiee a
oneiaeyo naaiiai?ioa ii aeeyieth ia naienoaa ii/au, i?iaeoeoeaiinoue
eoeueoo? e eo ea/anoai.

?an/ao yeiiiie/aneie e yia?aaoe/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe eco/aaiuo n?aaenoa
oeiecaoeee iieacae, /oi i?e nouanoaothueo aeiiieieoaeueiuo cao?aoao,
naycaiiuo n eo eniieueciaaieai, ia oia?aiii oaeia?aiiuo aa?eaioao
ia?yaeo n aunieeie iieacaoaeyie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe eoeueoo? naaiiai?ioa
iieo/aiu cia/eoaeueiua aeioiaeu e o?iaie ?aioaaaeueiinoe, a oaeaea
eiyooeoeeaiou yia?aaoe/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe i?eiaiyaiuo ia?ii?eyoee.
Yeiiiie/anee ninoiyoaeueiui i?eciaii caianiia aianaiea oinoi?iuo
oaeia?aiee i?e naaeaine?iaaiiii acioiii e eaeeeiii ieoaiee ?anoaiee ia
oiia i?aaie/aneeo oaeia?aiee e ecaanoe a oneiaeyo iieaaiai naaiiai?ioa.

ABSTRACT

Vishnevsky V.V. The effect of the term application fertilizers of
fertility sod-podzolic soil and productivity crop capacity in the field
crop rotations.

Thesis (manuscript) for the degree of Candidate of Agriculture in the
speciality 06.01.04 – agrochemie. Institute of Agriculture of the UAAS,
Kyiv, 1999.

In the long-term stationary experiments on soddy weakly podzolic
clayey-sandy soil the effect of the systematical application of organic
and inorganic fertilizers when periodical soil liming under conditions
of crop capacity and the quality of crop products was studied. The
comparative efficiency of the annual and reserve application of
phosphoric fertilizers when long-term their using in crop rotation on
the effect on phosphate regime adjustment of soil was studied. The basic
principles of the increase in crop rotation productivity with the
different crop fertilizing systems are determined, the economic and
energy efficiency of means of chemicalization is calculated, the ways
of their regulation are indicated.

It was established that the moderate plant fertilizing system with the
complete, amount of lime on hydrolytic acidity was the most optimal in
the experiments what determines the agricultural produce yield with the
quality answering consumer’s demands, secures the crop rotation
productivity with maximum yield of conventional units per hectare of
crop rotation area with moderate crop growing costs and as a consequence
– the highest economic and energy efficiency.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: n?aici?ia, ?iaeth/?noue a?oioo, aeaiaioe aeeaeaiiy,
i?aai?/i? oa i?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa, aaiioaaiiy a?oioo, o?ceei-o?i?/i? oa
aa?io?i?/i? iieacieee, o?iaeaei?noue, i?iaeoeoeai?noue, ca?iia?
iaeeieoe?, aoaeoeai?noue, ?aioaaaeuei?noue.

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