I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

?AAII-O?AIE?ANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

Nieiaae Ethaiie?a Ie?ineaa?aia

OAeE
616.1-053.9:615.272:612.67

AIEEA OEAIEIIEO I?AIA?AO?A IA O?CE*IO I?AOeACAeAOI?NOUe

OA NENOAIO O?AINII?OO EENITH O ETHAeAE IIOEEIAI A?EO C I?ENEI?AIEI
NOA??IIssI NA?OeAAI-NOAeEIII? NENOAIE

14.01.02 — Aioo??oi? oai?iae

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

?aaii-O?aie?anuee — 1998

2

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aa?iioieia?? Aeaaeai?? iaaee/ieo iaoe
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeaaeai?e AII Oe?a?ie,
/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI Oe?a?ie ? AII ?in??, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani? Ei?eooei Ieaa Aaneeueiae/, ?inoeooo aa?iioieia?? AII
Oe?a?ie, ea??aiee a?aeae?eo ee?i?/ii? o?c?ieia?? ? iaoieia?? aioo??oi?o
i?aai?a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Aioeth?ei

Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,
?aaii-O?aie?anueea aea?aeaaia

iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e aiaeie?eiieia??

c eo?nii EOE, o?caeoiaaiiy oa
caei?ia’y

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Aeaienthe

A?oae?e ?aaiiae/, A?iieoeueeee
aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.?. Ie?iaiaa,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?2

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i. I.E. Ooieea, eaoaae?a aa?iioieia?? oa aa??ao???, I?i?noa?noai
ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «28 » a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 20.601.01 ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? (284000, i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe.
Aaeeoeueea,2)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? (284000, i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe.
Aaeeoeueea,7)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «25» eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
I?ei/ae I. A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

Noa??iiy ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie a?aeaoaa?oueny ii
ia?aae/aniiio iaoieia?/iiio oeio. I?enei?aia noa??iiy a?ae??ciy?oueny
a?ae o?c?ieia?/iiai a?eueo ?aii?i ?icaeoeii a?eiaeo ci?i, a?eueo
ae?aaeaiei iaiaaeaiiyi aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae, i?aeneeaiiyi
ia??aiii??iino? ci?i ie?aieo i?aai?a ? nenoai (Ae.O.*aaioa?ueia, 1967;
A.A. O?ieuee?n, 1990; I.A. Ei?eooei oa ?i., 1993). ?ioeie neiaaie, i?e
ia?aae/aniiio noa??ii? a?ieia?/iee (ooieoe?iiaeueiee) a?e ethaeeie aai
ie?aieo nenoai i?aai?cio aeia?aaeaea? eaeaiaea?iee. A ?acoeueoao?
i?enei?aiiai noa??iiy noai?ththoueny ia?aaeoiiae aeey ?icaeoeo
caoai?thaaiue, a aaea ?nioth/? caoai?thaaiiy iiaeooue i?enei?eoe oaii
noa??iiy (Ae.O. *aaioa?ueia, 1967; I.A. Ei?eooei oa ?i., 1993; A.A.
O?ieuee?n oa ?i., 1994; A.A. O?ieuee?n, 1996). Oae, aeiaaio?eaae?
niinoa?aaeaiiy iieacaee, ui /ei aeuee ooieoe?iiaeueiee a?e
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, oei a?eueoa eiia??i?noue aeieeiaiiy
?oai?/ii? oai?iae na?oey, a??oee i?iaiic aeey aeeooy (I.A. Ei?eooei oa
?i., 1993; O.V. Korkushko e. a., 1993). O ca’yceo c oeei iniaeeaa
cia/aiiy ia? iiooe cania?a, caeaoieo oiia?eueithaaoe i?ioeane
noa??iiy.

*eneaii? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy (A.I. Ai?n?iia oa ?i., 1991;
A.A. O?ieuee?n oa ?i., 1992; A.O. Oaa?inii oa ?i., 1992; W. Mori. e.a.,
1988; L.E. Rikans e.a., 1988; K.E. Farmer e.a., 1987) ia?aeiieeai
aeaiiino?othoue iiaeeea?noue oiia?eueiaiiy oaiio a?eiaeo ci?i i?e
aeei?enoaii? ?yaeo i?aia?ao?a — aa?ii?ioaeoi??a. Aa?ii?ioaeoi?e — oea
a?ieia?/ii aeoeai? ?a/iaeie ianiaoeeo?/ii? caaaeueii?aaoethth/i? ae??.
Aeyaeyth/e aieea ia i?ioeane iai?io ia iieaeoey?iiio, ee?oeiiiio,
oeaieiiiio ??aiyo, aiie ii?iae?cothoue iaoaaie?ci, aeoea?cothoue
cieaeai? o?c?ieia?/i? ooieoe?? i?aai?cio. Oeei iiynith?oueny ?o
oi?aa?naeueiee oa?aiaaoe/iee aoaeo, yeee caaacia/o? ?icoe?aiiy
ae?aiaciio aaeaioaoe??, cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy a?ieia?/ieo iiaeeeainoae
noa??th/iai i?aai?cio (Ae.O.*aaioa?ueia, 1977; A.A. O?ieuee?n oa ?i.,
1992; I.A. Ei?eooei oa ?i., 1993).

Iiceoeaiee aaaaoi??/iee aeina?ae iaaeeeaiaioiciiai iiia?aaeaeaiiy
ia?aae/aniiai noa??iiy iieacaa aenieee iioaioe?ae i?aia?ao?a a?iaaiiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy. Ia?aaeoiiaith aei aeei?enoaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a o
aa??ao??? aoee aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaaeai?ea A.I. O?eaoiaa oa eiai
iine?aeiaiee?a (A.I. O?eaoia, 1943;I.A. Io/eianueea, 1975; ?.I. Eiaae oa
?i., 1995). ?acoeueoaoe eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaiiai a
?inoeooo? aa?iioieia?? AII Oe?a?ie ni?eueii c Iaeanueeei
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei ?inoeoooii i/ieo oai?ia ? oeaieiii? oa?ai?? AII
Oe?a?ie oa i?enay/aiiai aea/aiith aoaeoeaiino? noniaic?? ieaoeaioe,
na?ae/aoue i?i ia?niaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a a
yeino? aa?ii?ioaeoi??a (Ae.O. *aaioa?ueia oa ?i., 1975; I.A.
Io/eianueea oa ?i., 1975; I.A. Ei?eooei oa ?i., 1979; 1993).

C oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a iiai? ?aia?aoe?? cia/iee ?ioa?an i?aaenoaaeythoue
i?aia?aoe aeei/eiai? caeice (oeiae?i, O-aeoea?i oa ?i.), ai?o?co
(ai?oaeai?i), naeac?iee (nieai?i). Ca?aeii c aenia?eiaioaeueieie
aeaieie, oe? i?aia?aoe ca?eueoothoue na?aaeith oa iaeneiaeueio
o?eaae?noue aeeooy oaa?ei, oiia?eueiththoue oaii noa??iiy, aeyaeythoue
iiaeoethth/ee aieea ia ?ioiio, iae?iaoii?aeueio nenoaie (A.I. Ai?n?iia
oa ?i., 1988; A.O. Oaa?inii oa ?i, 1990; A.O. Oaa?inii, A.A. Ii?icia,
1996), ii?iae?cothoue e?i?aeiee oa aoaeaaiaeiee iai?ie (A.I.
Eii?na?aiei, 1961; ?.I. Aaiaeaea oa ?i., 1982), aaeueiothoue
aeieeiaiiy niiioaiieo iiaiooai?aiue (A.Ae. Ne?iooe?i oa ?i., 1990; A.O.
Oaa?inii, A.A. Ii?icia, 1992), ciaioothoue ae?aaeaii?noue no?ani?ieo
iioeiaeaeaiue i?aai?a ? oeaiei (A.Ae. Ne?iooe?i, A.A. Iaoeinueeee,
1982; A.O. Oaa?inii oa ?i., 1990).

Ie coieieee na?e aea?? ia o?ueio oeaieiieo i?aia?aoao (oeiae?i, nieai?i,
ai?oaeai?i), aeoiaey/e c ?o iiaeeeainoae aieeaaoe ia iaai? eaiee o
eaioethc? a?eiaeo ci?i i?aai?cio: oeiae?i — i?aia?ao, caeaoiee
caeaa?eueoiai aieeaaoe ia ?ioiio nenoaio; nieai?i — i?aia?ao ci?oaii?
ae??, ui caeaa?eueoiai aieeaa? ia iai?ii? i?ioeane; ai?oaeai?i —
i?aia?ao, ui caeaa?eueoiai aieeaa? ia nenoaio iae?iaiaeie?eiii?
?aaoeyoe??.

O ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe? aeyaeoe aieea aa?ii?ioaeoi?ieo cania?a ia
o?eaae?noue aeeooy i?yiei oeyoii i?aeoe/ii ia iiaeeeai. I?ioa, yeui
?icaeyaeaoe noa??iiy ye i?ioean caeiiii??iiai iaiaaeaiiy ?aca?aieo
iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio, iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui o? aieeae, ye? ni?yiiaai?
ia ?o ?icoe?aiiy, ni?eythoue i?aeaeuaiith oiea?aioiino? i?aai?cio aei
??ciiiai?oieo iioeiaeaeoth/eo oaeoi??a, ? ioaea, ciaioaiith eiia??iino?
aeieeiaiiy caoai?thaaiue oa nia?o?.

?ioaa?aeueiei iieacieeii ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio i?aai?cio ? ??aaiue
iaeneiaeueii? o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?. Iia??oaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
noaio na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie i?e noa??ii? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny,
ianaiia?aae, cieaeaiiyi oiea?aioiino? aei o?ce/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue (I.A.
Ei?eooei, 1980; I.A. Ei?eooei, TH.O. ss?ioaiei, 1986; A.I. E?iiaaoeueeee
oa ?i., 1988). Ua a?eueo ae?aaeaia cieaeaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?
niinoa??aa?oueny i?e i?enei?aiiio noa??ii? na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie
(TH.O. ss?ioaiei, A.A. Oaoeei, 1996). Cieaeaiiy o?ce/ii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino? a?aeiineoueny aei oaeoi??a, ye? e?i?oothoue ye?noue
aeeooy ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo, ??aaiue ?o o?ce/ii? oa nioe?aeueii?
aeoeaiino?. Iiooe cania?a, caeaoieo i?aeaeueoe iieacieee o?ce/ii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino? e?oi?o ethaeae, ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy. I?ioa aeaia
ieoaiiy ua iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aia a ee?i?/ieo oiiaao.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? /anoeiith eiiieaenieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui i?iaiaeeeeny a ?inoeooo? aa?iioieia?? AII Oe?a?ie a
1992-1997 ?.?.: «?ic?iaea i?aeoiae?a aeey i?ecia/aiiy oeaieiieo
i?aia?ao?a c iaoith i?io?eaeoeee i?enei?aiiai noa??iiy ? a?e-caeaaeii?
iaoieia??» oeo? IE.91.311; “?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? o?eaaeiai canoinoaaiiy
oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a-aa?ii?ioaeoi??a” oeo? 00.06.95; “Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai canoinoaaiiy iie?iaioeaeieo
a?i?aaoeyoi??a oeiae?io ? ai?oaeai?io i?e ??cieo neiae?iiao
i?enei?aiiai noa??iiy” oeo? 02.06/05378).

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoa aeaii? ?iaioe — ioe?ieoe aieea oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a ia o?ce/io
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue ? nenoaio o?ainii?oo eenith o ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo c
i?iyaaie ia?aae/aniiai noa??iiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie oa ?ic?iaeoe
i?aeoiaee aei iioei?caoe?? ?o canoinoaaiiy.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Ioe?ieoe aieea eo?niaiai canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a
(oeiae?io, nieai?io, ai?oaeai?io) ia o?ce/io i?aoeacaeaoi?noue o ethaeae
iioeeiai a?eo c i?enei?aiei noa??iiyi na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie.

2. Aea/eoe iiaeeea? iaoai?cie iiceoeaii? ae?? oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a ia
o?ce/io i?aoeacaeaoi?noue o ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo c i?enei?aiei
noa??iiyi na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie.

3. Aeaoe ioe?ieo aieeao oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a ia ooieoe?iiaeuei?
iiaeeeaino? na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, nenoai ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy oa
aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaaiai ?eoio ia iniia? aecia/aiiy ?o
ia?oe?aeueiiai ooieoe?iiaeueiiai a?eo.

4. Aeaoe ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? o?eaaeiai canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo
i?aia?ao?a o ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo c i?enei?aiei noa??iiyi
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie.

5. ?ic?iaeoe iioeiaeuei? noaie canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a o
ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo c i?enei?aiei noa??iiyi.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe

Aia?oa a ieaoeaai-eiio?ieueiaaiiio aeine?aeaeaii? aea/aii aieea
oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a (oeiae?io, ai?oaeai?io, nieai?io) ia o?ce/io
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue oa nenoaio o?ainii?oo eenith o ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo c
i?enei?aiei noa??iiyi na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie.

Eo?niaa e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie i?aia?aoaie i?eaiaeeei o a?eueoino?
ianoaaeaieo (a?ae 50% aei 72%) aei i?aeaeuaiiy o?ce/ii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino?. I?aeaeuaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? coiiaeaia
?icoe?aiiyi a?aie/iiai ??aiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie o?ainii?oo eenith,
i?aeaeuaiiyi aoaeoeaiino? aaiiaeeiai?/iiai oa eeniaaiai caaacia/aiiy
o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, iie?ioaiiyi eeniaaiai oeaieiiiai iai?io,
aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaaiai ?eoio.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iiceoeaia ae?y oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a caa??aa?oueny
i?ioyaii 5-6 i?n. Oea aoei ia?aaeoiiaith aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iiaoi?ieo
eo?n?a e?eoaaiiy oa ioe?iee ?oiuei? aoaeoeaiino? ia i?aenoaa? o?eaaeiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy.

Oaeiae aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui, caaaeyee ia??iaee/iiio canoinoaaiith
oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a eiaei? 6 i?n. ia i?ioyc? 2,5 ?ie?a, ??aaiue
o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? e?oi?o ethaeae ia cieceany, a caeeoaany ia
oiio ae ??ai?, ui e aei e?eoaaiiy (nieai?i) aai iaa?oue aeaui
i?aeaeuoaaany (oeiae?i, ai?oaeai?i). A ?acoeueoao? canoinoaaiiy
oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a niinoa??aaeiny ciaioaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai a?eo
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie. Ca oie aea ia??iae niinoa?aaeaiiy a in?a, ui
io?eioaaee ieaoeaai, a?aeaoeiny cieaeaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?,
ca?eueoaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai a?eo na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie.

Oaeei /eiii, aoei iieacaii aa?ii?ioaeoi?io ae?th oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a
oeiae?io, ai?oaeai?io, nieai?io o ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo c i?enei?aiei
noa??iiyi na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a i?eaiaeeei aei i?aeaeuaiiy
iieaciee?a o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? o ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo c
i?enei?aiei noa??iiyi. Aoei iieacaii, ui aeey i?aeo?eiee aeinyaiooiai
aoaeoo iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe iiaoi?i? eo?ne e?eoaaiiy. Ia i?aenoaa?
oeueiai ?ic?iaeai? noaie eo?niaiai oa o?eaaeiai canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo
i?aia?ao?a o ethaeae e?oiueiai a?eo c i?enei?aiei noa??iiyi.

Iiceoeaiee aieea oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a ia o?ce/io i?aoeacaeaoi?noue o
ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo, oai?eo ia ?ON, aea? i?aenoaao ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe
eo?niaa canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a ye aeaiaio eiiieaenii?
oa?ai?? aoa?ineea?ico oa ?ON.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa

Aaoi?ii naiino?eii iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oa iaiao?aei?noue
i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii eiai iaoo, caaaeaiiy,
i?iaaaeaii aiae?c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e, aeeiiaii a?aea?? oaiaoe/ieo
oai?eo. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii i?iaiaeeeeny ?ino?oiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
— aecia/aiiy oiea?aioiino? aei o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ? eiai eeniaaiai
caaacia/aiiy (ni??iaaeia?aiiao??y), iieaciee?a ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy
(ni??ia?ao?y), iieaciee?a aaiiaeeiai?ee ca aeiiiiiaith oao?aiiey?ii?
?aia?ao??, aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?ao?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeine?aeaeaiiy
aa??aaaeueiino? ?eoio na?oey, aeine?aeaeaiiy eeniaaiai iai?io a oeaieiao
ca aeiiiiiaith iiey?ia?ao??, noi?iiaaii eiii’thoa?io aaco aeaieo,
i?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai a?eo na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie,
nenoai ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy oa aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaaiai ?eoio
ca oi?ioeaie, ?ic?iaeaieie o a?aeae?e? ee?i?/ii? o?c?ieia?? oa iaoieia??
aioo??oi?o i?aai?a ?inoeoooo AII Oe?a?ie, noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea oeeo?iaeo
aeaieo, aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ?o ocaaaeueiaiiy, iaienaii an?
?icae?ee aeena?oaoe??, noi?ioeueiaaii aeniiaee, i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny
ia eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo o/aieo (Ee?a, ?inoeooo aa?iioieia?? AII
Oe?a?ie,1994), II Iaoe?iiaeueiiio Eiia?an? aa?iioieia?a oa aa??ao??a
Oe?a?ie (1995), iaoeiai — i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Canoinoaaiiy
aa?ii?ioaeoi??a aeey iiia?aaeaeaiiy i?enei?aiiai noa??iiy» (Iaeana,
1996), can?aeaii? ee?i?/iiai naeoi?a (Ee?a, ?inoeooo aa?iioieia?? AII
Oe?a?ie, 1997), neiiic?oi? «O?ii?/i? iano?oeoeai? caoai?thaaiiy eaaaiue
o ethaeae iioeeiai oa noa?a/iai a?eo» (Ee?a, 1997), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «?aaa?e?oaoe?y oai?eo iioeeiai a?eo ?c caoai?thaaiiyie
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie ? oea?aa?aeueiith noaeeiiith iaoieia??th»
(Ee?a, 1997).

Ioae?eaoe??

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 4 noaooyo o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao,
c ieo 1 noaooy — aac ni?aaaoi??a, a oaeiae o 10 oacao oa iaoa??aeao
eiioa?aioe?e, c’?cae?a, neiiic?oi?a.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe

?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 132 noi??ieao. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?eo “Eiioeiaaio ? iaoiaee ianoaaeaiiy”,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy,
aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e (246 aeaea?ae).
?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 5 ?enoieaie, ai?uo? 33 oaaeeoe?.

Iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue

C iaoith aea/aiiy aieeao oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a (oeiae?io, nieai?io,
ai?oaeai?io) ia o?ce/io i?aoeacaeaoi?noue oa nenoaio o?ainii?oo eenith
ianoaaeaii 87 ethaeae o a?oe? 60-74 ?ie?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny o
a?aeae?eaii? ee?i?/ii? o?c?ieia?? oa iaoieia?? aioo??oi?o i?aai?a
?inoeoooo aa?iioieia?? AII Oe?a?ie a 1992-1997 ?.?.

A oiiaao noaoe?iia?o an?i oai?ei i?iaiaeeeany i?iaa c o?ce/iei
iaaaioaaeaiiyi ia aaeia?aiiao??, aecia/aany ooieoe?iiaeueiee a?e
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie ca oi?ioeaie, ?ic?iaeaieie o a?aeae?e?
ee?i?/ii? o?c?ieia?? oa iaoieia?? aioo??oi?o i?aai?a (TH.O. ss?ioaiei,
1992). Iniiaiei e?eoa???i a?aeai?o iaoe??io?a ia noaoe?iia?iiio aoai?
aoei cieaeaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? (iiooaeiino? ii?iaiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy) ia 10% ? a?eueoa a?ae a?eiai? ii?ie. Ae?oaei e?eoa???i
aoei ia?aaaaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai a?eo na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie iaae
eaeaiaea?iei ia 10 ?ie?a ? a?eueoa.

O 47 ethaeae aoea aeyaeaia O?ON (noaa?eueia noaiiea?ae?y iai?oae, I-II
ooieoe?iiaeueiee eean). Ae?aaiic O?ON aa?eo?eiaaii ia i?aenoaa? nea?a
oai?eo, aeaieo aiaiiaco, ee?i?/iiai iaeyaeo, AEA a niiei? oa i?iae c
o?ce/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi (Ae.I. A?iiia, 1992) o a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie e?eoa??yie.

O aeine?aeaeaiiy ia aeeth/aeeny oai?? c? neeaaeieie ii?ooaiiyie ?eoio,
iciaeaie na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino?, noiooiueith a?ia?oii?/iith oai?iaith,
caoai?thaaiiyie aiaeie?eiii?, ia?aiai? oa aeeoaeueii? nenoai. Cieaeaiiy
o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? a ianoaaeaieo ia aoei iia’ycaia c iaoieia??th
iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo.

Ca?aeii c iinoaaeaiei caaaeaiiyi, ianoaaeai? aoee iiae?eai? ia /ioe?e
iaeii??aei? a?oie: 24 iaoe??ioe io?eioaaee oeiae?i, 21-ai?oaeai?i,
25-nieai?i, 17-ieaoeaai.

O aeo?aeiiio noai? an? ianoaaeai? oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny i?enei?aiei
noa??iiyi na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie (??cieoey i?ae ooieoe?iiaeueiei
a?eii na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie oa eaeaiaea?iei noaiiaeea a?eueoa i?ae
10 ?ie?a o eiaeiiai iaoe??ioa). I?enei?aia noa??iiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii?
nenoaie i?eaaei aei iia??oaiiy ?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio, ui, iaaooue,
aoei iniiaiith i?e/eiith iaiaaeaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?. Oae,
aeinyaiooa aei e?eoaaiiy aaee/eia ii?iaiaiai o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a
na?aaeiueiio ii a?oi? iaoe??io?a, ui io?eioaaee oeiae?i, neeaaeaea
54,4%, nieai?i — 69,5%, ai?oaeai?i — 67,8%, a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?-62,9%
a?ae a?eiai? ii?ie.

Iieacieee o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? (iiooaei?noue o?ce/iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy) oa aaciiai?io aea/aee iaoiaeii ni??iaaeia?aiiao???.
Canoiniaoaaee ianooiio noaio aeeiiaiiy i?iae c iaaaioaaeaiiyi: ia
ia?oiio aoai? iaoe??ioe aeeiioaaee noaiaea?oia iaaaioaaeaiiy
iiooaei?noth 25 Ao ia i?ioyc? 5 oaeeei (aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/iino?
ae?yeueiino? na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie); ia ae?oaiio aoai?, i?ney
5-oaeeeiiiai a?aeiiaiiai ia??iaeo, i?iaiaeeeiny aacia?a?aia
e?i?eii-c?inoath/a iaaaioaaeaiiy c? ca?eueoaiiyi iiooaeiino? ia 10 Ao
eiaeii? oaeeeie (aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?).
Iaaaioaaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee aei aeinyaiaiiy aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?ao?/ieo aai
ee?i?/ieo e?eoa???a eiai i?eieiaiiy ca?aeii c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie AIIC
(Ae.I. A?iiia, 1992).

Aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a oeaio?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee aeei?enoiaoaaee
iaoiae oao?aiiey?ii? a?oaeii? ?aiieaoeciia?ao?? ca iaoiaeeeith A.
Eoa?/aea (1966) a iiaeeo?eaoe?? TH.O. Iooea?y oa ni?aaao. (1977).

Oeaieiiee eeniaaee iai?i aea/aee a i?aeoe??i?e ee?oeiaei? e?aiai
ia?aaeie?//y iaoiaeii iiey?ia?ao?? (A.A. Aa?acianueeee, 1985). Aeey
a?eueo iiaii? ioe?iee oeaieiiiai eeniaaiai iai?io canoiniaoaaeeny
ooieoe?iiaeuei? i?iae: 10-oaeeeiia ia?aoeneaiiy noaeei e?ioe?aee oa
10-oaeeeiia aaeeoaiiy eenith (I.A. Ei?eooei, E.I. ?aaiia, 1986). Ioe?iea
aeao?oeeoo eenith a i?aai?ci? i?iaiaeeeany ca iaoiaeeeith Oeaia?oea (?.
Uhlenbruck, 1930) ia ni??ia?ao? NA — 1I.

Noai aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaai? ae?yeueiino? ioe?ithaaee ca
aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy, ?ic?iaeaiiai o Eaoianueeiio IAe?
o?c?ieia?? oa iaoieia?? na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie ?i. C.?.
ssiooeaa?/ona (E.E. Eaoeaian,1986) c ianooiiith noaoenoe/iith ia?iaeith
aeaieo ia AII IBM ?N/AO -486 (I.A. Ei?eooei oa ?i., 1994).

Nooi?iue a?eiaeo ci?i na?oeaai — noaeeiii?, aeeoaeueii? nenoai oa
nenoaie aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? ioe?ithaaee oeyoii aecia/aiiy ?o
ia?oe?aeueiiai ooieoe?iiaeueiiai a?eo ca oi?ioeaie, ?ic?iaeaieie o
a?aeae?e? ee?i?/ii? o?c?ieia?? oa iaoieia?? aioo??oi?o i?aai?a ?inoeoooo
aa?iioieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (TH.O. ss?ioaiei, 1992; I.A. Ei?eooei oa
?i.,1992; A.A. Oaoeei, 1992). ??cieoey a iieacieeao a?ieia?/iiai
(ooieoe?iiaeueiiai) ? eaeaiaea?iiai a?eo oa?aeoa?eco? nooi?iue
iinoa??iiy. sseui a?ieia?/iee (ooieoe?iiaeueiee) a?e cia/ii ia?aaeuo?
eaeaiaea?iee, oi noa??iiy ?icaeaa?oueny ii i?enei?aiiio oeio. E??i oiai,
ca?eueoaiiy ??cieoe? i?ae ooieoe?iiaeueiei a?eii ? eaeaiaea?iei
na?ae/eoue i?i iia??oaiiy aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio (Ae.O.
*aaioa?ueia, A.ss. I?ioe, 1978; I.A. Ei?eooei, A.ss. I?ioe, 1982; A.I.
Aieoaiei oa ?i., 1984; A.A. Oiea? oa ?i., 1989; A.A. O?ieuee?n, 1985,
1990; I.A. Ei?eooei, 1990,1991).

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?coaaee iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee (I.I.
I?ioea?, 1991) c aeei?enoaiiyi ia?niiaeueiiai eiii’thoa?a oeio ?AI
?N/AO- 486 oa iaeao?a noaoenoe/ieo i?ia?ai “ Symphony” ? “Statgraph”.

Noaie canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a. I?e ia?oiio eo?niaiio e?eoaaii?
nieai?i aaiaeeee aioo??i’yciai ii 2 ie uiaeiae i?ioyaii 20 ae?a
(eo?niaa aeica 40 ie). Oeiae?i canoiniaoaaee aioo??i’yciai ii 10 ia
uiaeiae i?ioyaii 10 ae?a (eo?niaa aeica — 100 ia). Ai?oaeai?i aaiaeeee
aioo??i’yciai ii 10 ia uiaeiae i?ioyaii 5 ae?a (eo?niaa aeica — 50 ia).
Ieaoeaai (o?c?ieia?/iee ?ic/ei) aaiaeeee ii 2 ie uiaeiae aioo??i’yciai
i?ioyaii 20 ae?a. Oeaieii? i?aia?aoe oa ieaoeaai aaiaeeee a?aioe?.
A?aoiaoth/e aeai? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a yeeo aoea
anoaiiaeaia i?aeaeuaia /ooeea?noue noa?eo oaa?ei aei noaiaea?oieo aeic
oeiae?io oa ai?oaeai?io, a oaeiae a?eueoa o?eaae?noue aoaeo?a i?ney
aaaaeaiiy iaeii?aciaeo aeic (A.I. Aooaiei oa ?i., 1995), noaie
canoinoaaiiy oeiae?io oa ai?oaeai?io a iiaeaeueoiio aoei ci?iaii.
Ii/eiath/e c 2-ai eo?no, oeiae?i oa ai?oaeai?i aaiaeeee ii oae?e noai?:
ii 10 ia i?aia?aoo 1 ?ac a 3 aeiae, ia eo?n — 5 aaaaeaiue (eo?niaa aeica
— 50 ia). Noaio canoinoaaiiy nieai?io oa ieaoeaai i?e iiaoi?ieo eo?nao
ia ci?ithaaee. Eiaeiee iaoe??io ca 30-i?ny/iee ia??iae niinoa?aaeaiiy
io?eiaa ii 6 eo?n?a e?eoaaiiy iaeiei c oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a aai
ieaoeaai.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aoaeoeai?noue eo?niaiai canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a

I?ney 1-ai eo?no e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie i?aia?aoaie a?aei?/aii
iie?ioaiiy caaaeueiiai noaio a?eueoino? ianoaaeaieo. Iiceoeaiee
ee?i?/iee aoaeo oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ca?eueoaiiyi ianyao o?ce/ii?
aeoeaiino? (i?aeeii ii noiaeao aac coieiee a?eueoa i?ae ia 1-2 iiaa?oe,
ca?eueoaiiy a?aenoai? oiaeueae ii oa?aieo?o a 2 ?ace ? a?eueoa) o 53%
oai?eo, ui i?eeiaee oeiae?i, 51% — nieai?i, 48% -ai?oaeai?i; ciaioaiiyi
aoiiethaaiino? i?e o?ce/iiio iaaaioaaeaii? — o 49% oai?eo, ui io?eioaaee
oeiae?i, 53% — nieai?i, 51% -ai?oaeai?i. 30% oai?eo, ui io?eioaaee
oeiae?i, a?aei?/aee ciaioaiiy ?ioaineaiino? oa /anoioe aeieeiaiiy aieth
a ae?eyioe? na?oey. I?ney eo?no nieai?io /e ai?oaeai?io aiaeia?/ia
iie?auaiiy a?aei?/aee a?aeiia?aeii o 18% oa 29% ianoaaeaieo. Ciaioaiiy
caaeeoee i?e o?ce/iiio iaaaioaaeaii? niinoa??aaeiny o 22% ethaeae, ui
io?eioaaee oeiae?i, 18% — nieai?i, 19% — ai?oaeai?i. O 36% ianoaaeaieo
ai?oaeai?i iie?iooaaa iai’youe oa 29% — ye?noue nio.

Ca iiceoeaiee aoaeo e?eoaaiiy i?eeiaee i?e??no oiea?aioiino? aei
o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia 5 Ao ? a?eueoa. I?ney eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy
oeiae?iii iiooaei?noue ii?iaiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a oe?eiio ii a?oi?
ca?eueoeeany ia 16,6%, nieai?iii — ia 14,1%, ai?oaeai?iii — ia 19,1%
a?aeiinii aaee/eie ii?iaiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy o aeo?aeiiio noai?. O
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? iaoe??io?a, ui io?eioaaee ieaoeaai, oiea?aioi?noue
aei o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aeoe/ii ia ci?ieeany.

I?ney eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie i?aia?aoaie ciaioeany
ooieoe?iiaeueiee a?e na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, ui iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i
iie?ioaiiy ?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio. O ethaeae, ui iaea?aeoaaee
ieaoeaai, ooieoe?iiaeueiee a?e na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie ia ci?ieany.

O oai?eo ia ?ON i?ney eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy oeiae?iii oiea?aioi?noue aei
o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aeaeueeany ia 18,4% , nieai?iii — ia 10,6%,
ai?oaeai?iii — 20%. O ethaeae aac ?ON i?ney eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy
oeiae?iii iiooaei?noue ii?iaiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ae?inea ia 13,5%,
nieai?iii — ia 14,3%, ai?oaeai?iii — ia 11,1%. Oaeei /eiii, oeaieii?
i?aia?aoe aeyaeyee i?eaeecii iaeiaeiaee aieea ia o?ce/io
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue o ethaeae c ae?aaiinoiaaiith ?ON ? aac ?ON.

Iaoai?cie aieeao oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a ia o?ce/io i?aoeacaeaoi?noue.

A?aecia/aiee aeua iiceoeaiee aoaeo eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie
i?aia?aoaie niinoa??aaany o 50% ianoaaeaieo, ui i?eeiaee oeiae?i, o 60%
— nieai?i, 72% — ai?oaeai?i oa 24% — ieaoeaai.

Iiaeaeueoee aiae?c aeaieo aoa iai?aaeaiee ia c’ynoaaiiy iiaeeeaiai
iaoai?cio aieeao oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a ia o?ce/io i?aoeacaeaoi?noue. C
oe??th iaoith iaie ?icaeyioo? aea? i?aea?oie iaoe??io?a: 1-a i?aea?oia —
c i?aeaeuaiiyi oiea?aioiino? aei o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, 2-a — aac
ci?ie oiea?aioiino?.

I?e aiae?c? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aoa aeyaeaiee ni?eueiee iaoai?ci
ae?? oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a. Ca?eueoaiiy iiooaeiino? o?ce/iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ney eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie i?aia?aoaie o
iaoe??io?a 1-? i?aea?oie noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny aeinoia??iei ?icoe?aiiyi
iaeneiaeueieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae nenoaie o?ainii?oo eenith,
ia ui aeacoaaei i?aeaeuaiiy niiaeeaaiiy eenith ia aenio? o?ce/iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy, iaeneiaeueiiai cia/aiiy oaeeeiiiai ia’?io e?ia? (oaae.
1). Oea aeicaieeei caaacia/eoe a?eueoo aaee/eio eeniaaiai caieoo
i?aai?cio.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? a aeaio i?aea?oiao
ianoaaeaieo i?ae aieeaii eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie i?aia?aoaie oa
ieaoeaai

IieacieeeI?aea?oieOeiae?i

Aan. cnoaAi?oaeai?i

Aan. cnoaNieai?i

Aan. cnoaIeaoeaai

Aan. cnoaIiooaei?noue ii?iaiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, Ao1

221,53,8**

-3,51,717,53,2**

-4,72,721,75,3**

-5,61,81,172,4Niiaeeaaiiy eenith ia aenio? iaaaioaaeaiiy, e/oa1

20,160,04**

0,030,040,170,04**

-0,190,080,170,04**

0,040,040,030,06Oaeeeiiee ia’?i e?ia? ia aenio? iaaaioaaeaiiy, e/oa1

21,090,4*

-0,110,51,110,37*

-1,030,621,010,32*

-0,450,480,440,61I?ei?oea. 1-i?aea?oia c i?aeaeuaiiyi oiea?aioiino?, 2-
aac ci?ie oiea?aioiino?;

**- ?0,01, *- ?0,05 ii a?aeiioaiith aei iieacieea o aeo?aeiiio noai?

A ianoaaeaieo 1-? i?aea?oie ia iie?auaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie aeacoaaei ciaioaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai a?eo
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie i?ney eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy oeiae?iii ia
3,81,3 ?iee (?0,01), nieai?iii — ia 7,80,6 ?ie?a (?0,01), ai?oaeai?iii
— ia 5,41,2 ?ie?a (?0,01).

Ii?yae c ?icoe?aiiyi iaeneiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie
e?iaiia?ao aaeeea cia/aiiy ia? aeiiii?/i?noue ?iaioe o?c?ieia?/ii?
nenoaie, yea ioe?ith?oueny ii ?aaeoe?? i?aai?cio ia noaiaea?oia
iaaaioaaeaiiy. O iaoe??io?a 1-? i?aea?oi? ia aenio? noaiaea?oiiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy aaee/eia oaeeeiiiai ia’?io e?ia? (OIE) ia ci?ieeany, aea
ci?ieeany no?oeoo?a OIE — ca?eueoeany oaea?iee ia’?i (OI), ciaioeeany
/anoioa na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue (*NN). Oaea ia?aaoaeiaa no?oeoo?e OIE ?
iae?aoe?iiaeuei?oith, ai ciaioo? aia?aaoe/i? aeo?aoe na?oey ia
ia?ai?uaiiy e?ia?. Oea iieiaeaiiy oaeiae i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
aeinoia??iei ciaioaiiyi aaee/eie iiaea?eiiai aeiaooeo ia aenio?
noaiaea?oiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy (oaae. 2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Aeeiai?ea ia?aiao??a aaiiaeeiai?/iiai oa eeniaaiai caaacia/aiiy
noaiaea?oiiai o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy (25 Ao) i?ae aieeaii eo?niaiai
e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie i?aia?aoaie oa ieaoeaai

IieacieeeI?aea?oieOeiae?i

Aan. cnoaAi?oaeai?i

Aan. cnoaNieai?i

Aan. cnoaIeaoeaai

Aan. cnoaOIE, e/oa1

20,450,25

-0,110,470,030,19

-0,110,230,260,36

0,220,21-0,080,17OI, ie1

29,162,5*

-0,714,72,671,2*

-2,52,58,383,4*

0,651,58-1,41,8*NN, oa-11

2-51,7*

0,74,7-3,41,5*

1,51,8-5,51,9*

31,70,182,8IAe, oiia. iae.1

2-22,16,5*

3,96,1-11,186,2*

5,839,7-14,55,9*

4,33,7-0,562,8EA, e1

2-0,150,04*

0,070,12-0,070,1

0,020,060,120,04*

0,030,050,060,04EA?, e1

2-0,290,09*

0,130,3-0,110,3*

0,210,31-0,220,11*

0,020,050,280,16I?ei?oea. OIE — oaeeeiiee ia’?i e?ia?, OI — oaea?iee
ia’?i, *NN- /anoioa na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue, IAe- iiaea?eiee aeiaooie, EA-
eeniaaee ai?a, EA? — eeniaaa aa?o?noue ?iaioe. 1-i?aea?oia c
i?aeaeuaiiyi oiea?aioiino?, 2- aac ci?ie oiea?aioiino?. * — Ci?ie
aeinoia??i? a ii??aiyii? c aeo?aeieie cia/aiiyie, ?0,05

Ii?yae c iie?auaiiyi aaiiaeeiai?/iiai, a?aecia/aeiny iie?ioaiiy
eeniaaiai caaacia/aiiy i?e noaiaea?oiiio o?ce/iiio iaaaioaaeaii?. I?ae
aieeaii eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie i?aia?aoaie ciaioeeany aaee/eia
eeniaai? aa?oino? ?iaioe, ui na?ae/eoue i?i a?eueo aeiiiiio ?aaeoe?th
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie ia noaiaea?oia iaaaioaaeaiiy. Oeaieii?
i?aia?aoe iie?auoaaee eeniaaa iinoa/aiiy oeaiei, ia ui aeacoaaei
aeinoia??ia ciaioaiiy aaee/eie eeniaaiai ai?ao i?ney noaiaea?oiiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy (oaae. 2).

O iaoe??io?a 2-? i?aea?oie oa a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? a?aeiia?aei?
iieacieee ci?ieeeny ia aeinoia??ii (oaae. 1, 2).

Aoaeo aeiiii?caoe?? ae?yeueiino? na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, ?iia??ii,
aoa iia’ycaiee c iiceoeaiei aieeaii oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a ia aaaaoaoeaio
?aaoeyoe?th na?oeaaiai ?eoio. O iaoe??io?a 1-? i?aea?oie ia aenio?
noaiaea?oiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy c?inea iiooaei?noue aeniei/anoioii?
eiiiiiaioe na?oeaaiai ?eoio i?ney eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy oeiae?iii,
nieai?iii oa ai?oaeai?iii a?aeiia?aeii ia 2,60,6 in (?0,05), 9,74,5 in
(?0,05), 7,73,4 in (?0,05). Oae? ci?ie aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe??
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie aeacoaaee ia i?aeneeaiiy ia?aneiiaoe/ieo
aieea?a. Iaaooue, oea i?ecaaei aei ciaioaiiy /anoioe na?oeaaeo
nei?i/aiue ? aei a?eueo iuaaeeeai? ?iaioe na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie.

I?e aiae?c? aeaieo iiey?ia?ao?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy aoei aeyaeaii, ui
oeaieii? i?aia?aoe i?aeaeuoaaee ?ioaineai?noue oeaieiiiai eeniaaiai
iai?io. Oae, o iaoe??io?a 1-? i?aea?oie i?ney eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy
oeiae?iii i?e i?ia? c ia?aoeneaiiyi noaeei aa?oiuei? e?ioe?aee
a?aei?/aeiny ciaioaiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo cieaeaiiy e?eai? iai?oae
eenith (?I2) a i?aeoe??i?e ee?oeiaei? ia 3,71,5 n (?0,05),
c?inoaiiy ??aiy cieaeaiiy e?eai? ?I2 ca ia?oo oaeeeio ia?aoeneaiiy ?
ca /an ia?aoeneaiiy ia 20,8 ii ?o. no. (?0,05) ? 6,12,2 ii ?o. no.
(?0,05) a?aeiia?aeii, a oaeiae ciaioaiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo cieaeaiiy
?I2 i?ney i?eieiaiiy ?iaaeyoe?? eenith ia 3,11,3 n (?0,05). I?i
i?aeaeuaiiy ?ioaineaiino? oeaieiiiai aeeoaiiy i?ney e?eoaaiiy nieai?iii
na?ae/eei ciaioaiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ?I2 ia 4,11,7 n (?0,05),
ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy cieaeaiiy ?I2 ca ia?oo oaeeeio ia?aoeneaiiy oa ca
/an ia?aoeneaiiy ia 3,11,2 ii ?o. no. (?0,05) ? 5,82,4 ii ?o. no.
(?0,05) a?aeiia?aeii i?e i?ia? c ia?aoeneaiiyi. I?ney eo?niaiai
e?eoaaiiy ai?oaeai?iii ciaioeany eaoaioiee ia??iae cieaeaiiy ?I2 ia
4,6 1,5 n (?0,05) i?e ia?aoeneaii? e?ioe?aee, ca?eueoeany ??aaiue
cieaeaiiy ?I2 ca /an ia?aoeneaiiy ia 2,61,2 ii ?o. no. (?0,05),
ciaioeany eaoaioiee ia??iae cieaeaiiy ?I2 ia 4,41,3 n (?0,05) i?ney
i?eieiaiiy ?iaaeyoe?? eenith. Aeeiai?ea oeeo ia?aiao??a aeacoaaea ia
i?aeaeuaiiy ?ioaineaiino? eeniaaiai iai?io a oeaieiao i?ae aieeaii
ai?oaeai?io. Ia iie?auaiiy ieenieo i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci? i?ney eo?niaiai
e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie i?aia?aoaie oaeiae aeacoaaei ciaioaiiy
«ni??ia?ao?/iiai» eeniaaiai ai?ao i?e i?ia? Oeaia?oea. Oae, o iaoe??io?a
1-? i?aea?oie a?aei?/aeiny ciaioaiiy aeao?oeeoo eenith ii a?aeiioaiith
aei eiai niiaeeaaiiy ia 4,6% (?0,05) i?ney eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy
oeiae?iii, ia 2,3% (?0,05) — nieai?iii, ia 3,5% (?0,05) — ai?oaeai?iii.
O iaoe??io?a 2-? i?aea?oie a?aeiia?aei? iieacieee ci?ieeeny ia
aeinoia??ii. Eo?niaee i?eeii ieaoeaai oaeiae ia aieeioa ia iieacieee
eeniaaiai iai?io a oeaieiao.

Oaeei /eiii, eo?niaa e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie i?aia?aoaie i?eaiaeeei aei
i?aeaeuaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? oa cieaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
a?eo na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie o ethaeae c i?enei?aiei noa??iiyi.
I?aeaeuaiiy oiea?aioiino? aei o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy aoei iia’ycaia c
?icoe?aiiyi aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae nenoaie o?ainii?oo eenith, ui
i?iyaeyeiny a ca?eueoaii? iaeneiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae nenoaie
aaiiaeeiai?ee, i?aeaeuaii? aoaeoeaiino? aaiiaeeiai?/iiai oa eeniaaiai
caaacia/aiiy o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, iie?ioaiiyi aaaaoaoeaii?
?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, i?aeaeuaiiyi ?ioaineaiino?
eeniaaiai oeaieiiiai iai?io.

Aoaeoeai?noue iiaoi?ieo eo?n?a e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie i?aia?aoaie.

C 87 in?a, ui aoee ianoaaeai? i?e ia?oiio eo?niaiio e?eoaaii? oa
aeeth/ai? a a?oie o?eaaeiai niinoa?aaeaiiy, an? 6 eo?n?a e?eoaaiiy
io?eiaee 49 ethaeae (oeiae?i — 13, ai?oaeai?i — 12, nieai?i — 12,
ieaoeaai — 12). Oe? iaoe??ioe aoee ianoaaeai? ia aoaiao 1 i?n, 6 i?n, 12
i?n, 30 i?n o?eaaeiai niinoa?aaeaiiy, oiaoi aei ? i?ney 1-ai eo?no, aei
? i?ney 2-ai eo?no, aei ? i?ney 3-ai eo?no, aei ? i?ney 6-ai eo?no
canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a /e ieaoeaai.

Niinoa?aaeaiiy ca iaoe??ioaie a ia??iae i?ae 1-i oa 2-i eo?naie
e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie i?aia?aoaie iieacaee, ui iaea?eueoee a?aenioie
ethaeae a?aecia/aee iie?ioaiiy naiai noaio /a?ac 1-3 i?n. i?ney
i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy. Iiceoeai? c?ooaiiy caa??aaeeny ia i?ioyc? 4-6
i?n. I?e ianooiieo eo?nao iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea noa’?eoeaieo neiioii?a
noaaaea a?eueo noaa?eueiith. Ni?eyoeeaa aeeiai?ea caaaeueiiee?i?/ii?
neiioiiaoeee ca 30-i?ny/iee ia??iae niinoa?aaeaiiy anoaiiaeaia o 72%,
62%, 57% ? 23% ethaeae, ui iaea?aeoaaee a?aeiia?aeii oeiae?i, nieai?i,
ai?oaeai?i oa ieaoeaai. I?e aeiaaio?eaaeiio canoinoaaii? oeaieiieo
i?aia?ao?a ciaiooaaeany caaaeueia neaa?noue, noiiethaai?noue,
iie?auoaaany iano??e. Iaoe??ioe a?aecia/aee i?eeea aaaeuei?ino?,
i?aeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?. A?eueo /?oea iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea iaea
i?noea a in?a, ui iaea?aeoaaee oeiae?i, aeaui iaioa — o ethaeae, yeei
aaiaeeee nieai?i aai ai?oaeai?i. Ai?oaeai?i, ia a?aei?io a?ae ?ioeo
oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a, iie?auoaaa ye?noue nio. A /anoeie ianoaaeaieo, ui
io?eioaaee ieaoeaai, oaeiae a?aeaoaaeiny iie?ioaiiy noa’?eoeaiiai noaio,
iaeiae a oe?eiio ii a?oi? iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea aoea a?aenooiy. Ca
ia??iae aeiaaio?eaaeiai canoinoaaiiy oeiae?io a iaoe??io?a ciaioeeeny
/enei aeiaaee?a ? na?aaeiy o?eaae?noue i?inooaeieo caoai?thaaiue.
Oeaieii? i?aia?aoe aeia?a ia?aiineeeny oai?eie. Ia aoei ca?a?no?iaaii
aoaeue-yeeo iia?/ieo aoaeo?a ye i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy e?eoaaiiy, oae ?
i?ae eo?naie.

*a?ac 5-6 i?n. i?ney eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie i?aia?aoaie
iieacieee o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? cieaeoaaeenue o ii??aiyii? c
?acoeueoaoaie, io?eiaieie aaciina?aaeiuei i?ney iiia?aaeiueiai eo?no.
Oea aeacoaaei ia iaiao?aei?noue i?ecia/aiiy iiaoi?ieo eo?n?a e?eoaaiiy.

I?ney 3-ai eo?no e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie i?aia?aoaie i?e??no oiea?aioiino?
aei o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy (aeai? ii??aithaaeeny c aeo?aeieie
iieacieeaie) aoa io?eiaiee o 65% (oeiae?i), 50% (ai?oaeai?i), 46%
(nieai?i) oa o 17% — i?ney i?eeiio ieaoeaai. I?ney 6-ai eo?no
e?eoaaiiy a?aeiia?aeiee aoaeo niinoa??aaany o 72% (oeiae?i), 62%
(ai?oaeai?i), 46 % (nieai?i) ? 23% (ieaoeaai). Iiceoeaiee aieea
oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a ia o?ce/io i?aoeacaeaoi?noue o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a
iaa i?noea o oeo aea ethaeae, a yeeo a?aeiia?aei? i?aia?aoe aeaaaee
i?e??no oiea?aioiino? aei o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?e ia?oiio eo?niaiio
e?eoaaii?.

Iiaoi?i? eo?ne e?eoaaiiy oeaieiieie i?aia?aoaie, ye i?aaeei, ia aeaaaee
oaeiai cia/iiai i?e?inoo o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?, ye 1-e eo?n —
aeiaeaoeiaa i?aeaeuaiiy iiooaeiino? ii?iaiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy aoei ia
aeinoia??iei. Aea, c?noaaeyth/e iieacieee o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? aei
e?eoaaiiy oa cia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iieaciee?a i?ney 6-ai eo?no (/a?ac
30 i?n.), iiaeia a?aecia/eoe ni?eyoeeaee aieea oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a ia
o?ce/io i?aoeacaeaoi?noue.

Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei aeyaeeiny o?eaaea canoinoaaiiy oeiae?io oa
ai?oaeai?io — oiea?aioi?noue aei o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy /a?ac 30 i?n.
aoea ?noioii aeua, i?ae o aeo?aeiiio noai?. Oae, iiooaei?noue ii?iaiaiai
o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ney 1-ai eo?no e?eoaaiiy oeiae?iii
ca?eueoeeany ia 19,5% (p < 0,02), i?ney 3-ai eo?no - ia 30,8% (p < 0,05), i?ney 6-ai - ia 35,3% (p < 0,05) a?ae iieacieea o aeo?aeiiio noai? - aei ia?oiai eo?no e?eoaaiiy. I?ney 1-ai eo?no e?eoaaiiy ai?oaeai?iii iiooaei?noue ii?iaiaiai o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ae?inea ia 16,5% (p < 0,02), i?ney 3-ai - ia 19,6% (p < 0,05), i?ney 6-ai - ia 14,8% (p < 0,05) a?ae aeo?aeiiai cia/aiiy. A in?a, ui iaea?aeoaaee nieai?i, i?ney ia?oeo eo?n?a e?eoaaiiy, ye? aeaaaee i?e??no oiea?aioiino? aei o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy (i?ney 1-ai eo?no - ia 21,7% (p < 0,05), i?ney 3-ai - ia 17,7% (p < 0,05) a?ae aeo?aeiiai cia/aiiy), a i?ioean? iiaeaeueoiai niinoa?aaeaiiy a?aeaoaaeiny iinooiiaa ciaioaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?, aea ia ieae/a aeo?aeiiai ??aiy. O iaoe??io?a, ye? i?eeiaee oeaieii? i?aia?aoe, /a?ac 30 i?n. aaee/eia niiaeeaaiiy eenith ia aenio? iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aeoe/ii ia ci?ieeany. A oie aea /an o ethaeae, ui i?eeiaee ieaoeaai, /a?ac 30 i?n. niinoa??aaeiny cieaeaiiy ye aaee/eie iiooaeiino? ii?iaiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, oae ? aaee/eie niiaeeaaiiy eenith ia aenio? ii?iaiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. A i?ioean? aeiaaio?eaaeiai canoinoaaiiy oeiae?io a?aei?/aeiny aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai a?eo na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie o ii??aiyii? c aeo?aeiei ??aiai a na?aaeiueiio ia 6,52,7 ?ie?a (?0,05). *a?ac 30 i?nyoe?a a?ae ii/aoeo canoinoaaiiy ai?oaeai?io oa nieai?io oeae iieaciee ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae aeo?aeiiai ??aiy. O iaoe??io?a, ye? i?eeiaee ieaoeaai, ca aiaeia?/iee ia??iae /ano a?aeaoeiny ?noioia ca?eueoaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai a?eo na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie a na?aaeiueiio ia 7,63,2 ?ie?a (?0,05). Ciaioaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai a?eo na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie i?e aeiaaio?eaaeiio canoinoaaii? oeiae?io, a oaeiae a?aenooi?noue i?aeaeuaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai a?eo na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie i?e aeiaaino?ieiaiio canoinoaaii? nieai?io aai ai?oaeai?io iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i oiia?eueiaiiy a?eiaeo ci?i na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie o ethaeae, eio?? io?eioaaee oeaieii? i?aia?aoe. AENIIAEE 1. Canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a oeiae?io, nieai?io, ai?oaeai?io a ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo c i?enei?aiei noa??iiyi na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?. 2. I?ae aieeaii eo?niaiai canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a ciaioo?oueny ooieoe?iiaeueiee a?e na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aa?ii?ioaeoi?io ae?th oeeo i?aia?ao?a. 3. Iaoai?ci iiceoeaii? ae?? oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a ia o?ce/io i?aoeacaeaoi?noue iieyaa? o i?aeaeuaii? aeiiiiii? ae?yeueiino? na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie i?e o?ce/iiio iaaaioaaeaii? ca ?aooiie iiceoeaiiai aieeao ia aaaaoaoeaio ?aaoeyoe?th na?oeaaiai ?eoio. 4. Oeaieii? i?aia?aoe i?aeaeuothoue ?ioaineai?noue eeniaaiai iai?io a oeaieiao. 5. Iiceoeaiee aoaeo eo?niaiai canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a caa??aa?oueny i?ioyaii 5-6 i?n., ui aeaco? ia iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy iiaoi?ieo eo?n?a e?eoaaiiy. 6. O?eaaea canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a i?eaiaeeoue aei niia?eueiaiiy a?eiaeo ci?i ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie o ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo c i?enei?aiei noa??iiyi na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie. 7. Oeaieii? i?aia?aoe oeiae?i, nieai?i, ai?oaeai?i iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ye aa?ii?ioaeoi?i? caniae o ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo c iciaeaie i?enei?aiiai noa??iiy, a oaeiae i?ecia/aoeny o neeaae? eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo, oai?eo ia ?ON. I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? 1. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeathoue i?aenoaao ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe oeaieii? i?aia?aoe oeiae?i, ai?oaeai?i, nieai?i aeey aeei?enoaiiy a yeino? cania?a i?io?eaeoeee oa ei?aeoe?? i?iya?a i?enei?aiiai noa??iiy. 2. Oeaieii? i?aia?aoe aeioe?eueii i?ecia/aoe ianooiiei eiioeiaaioai ethaeae: - i?aeoe/ii caei?iaei ethaeyi iioeeiai a?eo c iaoith iiia?aaeaeaiiy i?enei?aiiai noa??iiy oa ia?aeiii? i?io?eaeoeee aoa?ineea?ico, ?oai?/ii? oai?iae na?oey; - i?aeoe/ii caei?iaei ethaeyi ??ciiai a?eo, ui iathoue oaeoi?e ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy i?enei?aiiai noa??iiy ; - ethaeyi ??ciiai a?eo, ui iathoue iciaee i?enei?aiiai noa??iiy; - ethaeyi iioeeiai a?eo c i?enei?aiei noa??iiyi c iaoith oiia?eueiaiiy a?eiaeo ci?i i?aai?cio. 3.Oaoiieia?y aeei?enoaiiy oeiae?io, ai?oaeai?io oa nieai?io aeey i?io?eaeoeee oa ei?aeoe?? i?iya?a i?enei?aiiai noa??iiy ia?aaeaa/a? canoinoaaiiy iioeiaeueieo noai eo?niaiai oa o?eaaeiai i?ecia/aiiy oeeo i?aia?ao?a. 4.I?ney eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy iiceoeai? aoaeoe oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a caa??aaeeny aei 6 i?nyoe?a. Oiio aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe iiaoi?i? eo?ne e?eoaaiiy 1 ?ac a 6 i?nyoe?a, ui ni?ey? noaa?e?caoe??, a a ?yae? aeiaaee?a ? aeiaeaoeiaiio i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a NIENIE ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Nieiaae E.I. Aeeyiea nieaieia ia iieacaoaee oece/aneie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe o eeoe iiaeeeiai aic?anoa, aieueiuo EAN / / I?iaeaiu noa?aiey e aeieaieaoey.-1995.-O.5, N3-4.-N.221-226. 2. Ei?eooei I.A., Iena?oe A.A., Nieiaae E.I. Ooieoeeiiaeueiue aic?ano nenoaiu aiaoiaai aeuoaiey // I?iaeaiu noa?aiey e aeieaieaoey.-1992.-O.2., N3.-N.286-289. 3. *aaioa?aa Ae.O., Ei?eooei I.A., Oaoeei A.A., Nieiaae E. I. “Aeeyiea oeaiaauo i?aia?aoia ia iieacaoaee oece/aneie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe e ooieoeeiiaeueiiai aic?anoa na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu o ethaeae n onei?aiiui oeiii noa?aiey” //I?iaeaiu noa?aiey e aeieaieaoey.-1998.-O.7, N2.-N. 127-136. 4. Ei?eooei I.A., Nieiaae E.I., Oaoeei A.A. “Aeeyiea eo?niaiai i?eiaiaiey oeaiaauo i?aia?aoia ia oece/aneoth ?aaioiniiniaiinoue o eeoe n onei?aiiui noa?aieai na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu” //Oe?a?inueeee ea?ae?ieia?/iee aeo?iae.-1998.-7-8.-N.44-49. 5. Nieiaae E.I., ss?ioaiei TH.O., O?ieueeen I.A. Aeeyiea oeaiaauo i?aia?aoia nieaieia e yieoaeaieia ia oece/aneoth ?aaioiniiniaiinoue o aieueiuo EAN iiaeeeiai aic?anoa // ?? Iaoe?iiaeueiee eiia?an aa?iioieia?a ? aa??ao??a Oe?a?ie: Oace aeiiia?aeae.-Ee?a.-1994.-N.582. 6. Ei?eooei I.A.,*aaioa?aa Ae.O., Oaoeei A.A.,Eaeeiianeay A.A.,Nieiaae E.I., Aececeineay A.A., Cae/aiei A.I., Oa?ou/iay AE.I., Aeueieeiaa A.A., *aaioa?aa I.Ae. N?aaieoaeueiay ioeaiea aa?ii?ioaeoi?iiai aeaenoaey oeaiaauo i?aia?aoia nieaieia e yieoaeaieia o aieueiuo EAN iiaeeeiai aic?anoa //?aaa?e?oaoe?y oai?eo noa?oiai a?eo c caoai?thaaiiyie na?oeaai-noaeeiii?, ia?aiai? nenoai oa iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo: Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.-Ee?a,1993.-N.69. 7. *aaioa?aa I.Ae., Nieiaae E.I. Aeeyiea nieaieia ia oiea?aioiinoue e oece/aneie iaa?ocea o aieueiuo EAN iiaeeeiai aic?anoa //?aaa?e?oaoe?y oai?eo noa?oiai a?eo c caoai?thaaiiyie na?oeaai-noaeeiii?, ia?aiai? nenoai oa iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo: Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.-Ee?a,1993.-N.152. 8. Nieiaae E.I. Aeeyiea oeiaeeia ia oece/aneoth ?aaioiniiniaiinoue o aieueiuo EAN iiaeeeiai aic?anoa //Canoinoaaiiy aa?ii?ioaeoi??a aeey iiia?aaeaeaiiy i?enei?aiiai noa??iiy: Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.-Iaeana, 1996.-N.134. 9. Ei?eooei I.A., Aooaiei A.I.,Oaoeei A.A., Iiethoia A.I., ss?ioaiei TH.O., Iiai?icithe A.A., Eaeeiianueeay A.A., Cae/aiei A.I., Oa?aoeia I.I., Eaaoiaoe E.O., Nieiaae E.I., Iaaaee/ E.O., Eiooo?a E.Ae., Eiaca?ue E.A. Yooaeoeaiinoue aeeeoaeueiiai (30-iany/iiai) i?eiaiaiey oeaiaauo i?aia?aoia i?e onei?aiiii noa?aiee //Canoinoaaiiy aa?ii?ioaeoi??a aeey iiia?aaeaeaiiy i?enei?aiiai noa??iiy: Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.-Iaeana, 1996.-N.102-104. 10. Nieiaae E.I. Aeeyiea oeiaeeia ia oece/aneoth ?aaioiniiniaiinoue aieueiuo o?iie/aneie eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea iiaeeeiai aic?anoa //Oe?a?inueeee ea?ae?ieia?/iee aeo?iae: Iaoa??aee V eiia?ano ea?ae?ieia?a Oe?a?ie.-Ee?a,1997.- N.179. 11. Nieiaae E.I. Aeeyiea oeiaeeia ia oeaiaaie eenei?iaeiue iaiai o ethaeae iiaeeeiai aic?anoa n onei?aiiui noa?aieai //O?ii?/i? iano?oeoeai? caoai?thaaiiy eaaaiue o ethaeae iioeeiai oa noa?a/iai a?eo: Iaoa??aee neiiic?oio.-Ee?a, 1997.-N.38-39. 12. Nieiaae E.I. Aeeyiea oeiaeeia e yieoaeaieia ia oece/aneoth ?aaioiniiniaiinoue o ethaeae iiaeeeiai aic?anoa n onei?aiiui noa?aieai //?anioaeeeaineay iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneay eiioa?aioeey iieiaeuo o/aiuo e niaoeeaeenoia: Oacu aeieeaaeia.- Oa?ueeia,1997.-N.110-111. 13. Nieiaae E.I., Oaoeei A.A. ?acoeueoaou eo?niaiai e aeeeoaeueiiai i?eiaiaiey oeaiaauo i?aia?aoia o eeoe iiaeeeiai aic?anoa n onei?aiiui noa?aieai na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu //?aaa?e?oaoe?y oai?eo iioeeiai a?eo ?c caoai?thaaiiyie na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie ? oea?aa?aeueiith noaeeiiith iaoieia??th: Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.-Ee?a,1997.-N.27-29. 14. Ei?eooei I.A., Oaoeei A.A., Nieiaae E.I. Aa?ii?ioaeoi?iia aeaenoaea aeieain?i/iiai i?eiaiaiey oeaiaauo i?aia?aoia i?e onei?aiiii noa?aiee na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu //Aeieiae/aneea iaoaieciu noa?aiey: Iaoa?eaeu ??? iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai neiiiceoia.- Oa?ueeia, 19-21 iay 1998.-N.94. AIIOAOe?ss Nieiaae E. I. Aieea oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a ia o?ce/io i?aoeacaeaoi?noue oa nenoaio o?ainii?oo eenith o ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo c i?enei?aiei noa??iiyi na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie .- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.02 - aioo??oi? oai?iae. ?aaii-O?aie?anueea Aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a oeiae?io, ai?oaeai?io, nieai?io o ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo c i?enei?aiei noa??iiyi na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie. Aeyaeaii, ui oeaieii? i?aia?aoe i?aeaeuoaaee ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ca ?aooiie ?icoe?aiiy aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae nenoaie o?ainii?oo eenith, cieaeoaaee ooieoe?iiaeueiee a?e na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie o ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo c i?enei?aiei noa??iiyi aeaii? nenoaie. Cai?iiiiiaai? iioeiaeuei? aeice oa noaie canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a o ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo c iciaeaie i?enei?aiiai noa??iiy. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aa?ii?ioaeoi?e, i?enei?aia noa??iiy, ooieoe?iiaeueiee a?e, oeiae?i, nieai?i, ai?oaeai?i, o?ce/ia i?aoeacaeaoi?noue. AIIIOAOeEss Nieiaae E.I. Aeeyiea oeaiaauo i?aia?aoia ia oece/aneoth ?aaioiniiniaiinoue e nenoaio o?ainii?oa eenei?iaea o ethaeae iiaeeeiai aic?anoa n onei?aiiui noa?aieai na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe - 14.01.02 - aioo?aiiea aieacie. Eaaii-O?aieianeay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey, Eaaii-O?aieiane, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth yooaeoeaiinoe i?eiaiaiey oeaiaauo i?aia?aoia oeiaeeia, yieoaeaieia, nieaieia o ethaeae iiaeeeiai aic?anoa n onei?aiiui noa?aieai na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi oeaiaaua i?aia?aou iiauoaee o?iaaiue oece/aneie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe ca n/ao ?anoe?aiey aaeaioaoeeiiiuo aiciiaeiinoae nenoaiu o?ainii?oa eenei?iaea, oiaiueoaee ooieoeeiiaeueiue aic?ano na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu o ethaeae iiaeeeiai aic?anoa n onei?aiiui noa?aieai aeaiiie nenoaiu. I?aaeeiaeaiu iioeiaeueiua aeicu e noaiu i?eiaiaiey oeaiaauo i?aia?aoia o ethaeae iiaeeeiai aic?anoa n i?eciaeaie onei?aiiiai noa?aiey. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aa?ii?ioaeoi?u, onei?aiiia noa?aiea, ooieoeeiiaeueiue aic?ano, oeiaeei, nieaiei, yieoaeaiei, oece/aneay ?aaioiniiniaiinoue. Annotation Solovey L.M. Effect of tissue preparation the phisical working ability and the oxygen transport system in elderly people with an accelerated aging of cardiovascular system. - Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 14.01.02 -Internal Diseases.- Ivano-Frankivsk Medical Academy, Ivano-Frankivsk, 1998. The dissertation isdevated to studying the efficiency of using tissue preparation: thymaline, epithalamine, splenine in elderly people with an accelerated aging of cardiovascular system. The tissue preparations were found to increase the level of physical working ability due to broadening the adaptive capacities of oxygen transport system and to decrease the functional age of cardiovascular system in elderly people with accelerated aging of this system. The optimal doses and schemes for prescribing the tissue preparations to elderly people with singes of accelerated aging are suggested. Key words: geroprotective agents, accelerated aging, functional age, thymaline, splenine, epithalamine, phisical working ability .

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