2

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AeIE?Ae

AIAOIE?E AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

OAeE: 634.13:581.1/19:634.1.03:631.524.85.01

AIEEA NOI?NIINO?

NI?OI-I?AeUAIIEO EIIA?IOAAIUe

IA O?C?IEIAI-A?IO?I?*I? I?IOeANE

OA I?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe A?OO?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 06.01.07-ieiae?aieoeoai

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? naae?aieoeoaa OAAI

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Neea?aa Aeea Ieoaee?aia —

?inoeooo naae?aieoeoaa OAAI,

caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? o?c?ieia??
?ineei

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

E?aniiooai Aiaoie?e Ieaen?eiae/,

Oiainueea n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea
aeaaeai?y,

i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai? ?iaioe

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe,

Aoeao Aiaoie?e Aiae??eiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e naeaeoe?? oa o?c?ieia?? ?ineei

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oeaio?aeueiee aioai?/iee naae ?i. I.I. A?eoea

IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «16 » /a?aiy » 1999 ?.

i » 12-00 » aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae
26.004.04 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041,
Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie, 15, ei?ion 3, aoae. 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 252041, i. Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a
iai?iie, 11, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 14 » o?aaiy » 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao n.-a. iaoe, aeioeaio __________________________ A.O.
Aaeaaaeei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A?ooa, iacaaaeath/e ia ?? iaaecae/aeii aenie?
niaeia? oa niiaeea/? yeino?, iaaeoi iia?eueii iioe?th?oueny a
naae?aieoeoa?. I?e/eiith oeueiai ? ?nioaaiiy i?iaeaie ianoi?niino?
iaea?eueo iiioey?ieo ? iiainoai?aieo ni?o?a c canoiniaoaaieie
i?aeuaiaie. A no/anieo ?ioaineaieo oaoiieia?yo ae?iuoaaiiy a?oo?
caeaa?eueoiai aeei?enoiaothoue ye i?aeuaie ??ci? eeiie aeae cae/aeii?,
ui aeicaiey? io?eiaoe neaai?ine?, oaeaeeiie?aei? oa aenieia?iaeaei?
oi?ie aea?aa. I?ioa ia?ici?ciaia nai?/anii iaaeinoaoiy noi?ni?noue ni?oo
? i?aeuaie iiaea caiaeii caanoe iai?aaoeue aaee/aci? coneeey ? aeo?a/ai?
eiooe ia caeeaaeaiiy a?ooaaiai naaeo. E??i oiai, ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui
iaa?oue aeeoo?caeaoi? ni?oi-i?aeuaii? eiia?ioaaiiy, noai?ai? a iaaiiio
?aa?ii?, ia caaaeaee iiaeooue aaeaiooaaoenue aei oiia ?ioeo cii
ae?iuoaaiiy. Oiio a naae?aie/?e iaooe? aaaeeeai iaoe ia’?eoeai? iaoiaee
ae?aaiinoeee noaio ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue ia naieo ?aii?o
noaae?yo c?inoaiiy uaieaieo eiiiiiaio?a.

Caaaeueia i?iaeaia aca?iia?aeiinei i?euaie ? i?aeuaie aeaaii
ciaoiaeeoueny a oeaio?? oaaae oai?aoee?a ? i?aeoee?a naae?aieoeoaa ye a
iao?e e?a?i?, oae ? ca ?? iaaeaie (E.I. ?i, E.I. Neie?aiei, A.A.
O?onaae/, A.?. Aoaeaaianueeee, A.I. Iaoeeoeueeee, ?.A. Eaeiaeai, ?.
Aa?ia?, I.I. E?aiea oa ?i.). I?ioa aaaaoi aniaeo?a oeueiai neeaaeiiai
ieoaiiy aein? caeeoathoueny iac’yniaaieie, iniaeeai aeey a?oo?. A?aeii?
aeiaaeee aeyaeaiiy ianoi?niino? ia 5-e, 10-e, 15-e ? o.ae. ?iee, oiio
?aiiy ae?aaiinoeea ia? iniaeeai aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ieiaeiaeo ianaaeaeaiue

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eio
?iaioo aeeiiaii a ia??iae 1996-1998 ??. o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ieaio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ?inoeoooo naae?ieoeoaa OAAI c i?ia?aie 03.
«?ic?iaeoe ?ioaineai? ?ano?nicaa??aath/? aeieia?/ii-aacia/i? oaoiieia??
ae?iaieoeoaa oa caa??aaiiy ? ia?a?iaee ieiae?a ? ya?ae», ?icae?eo 03.08.
«Aea/eoe iaoai?cie aieeao aeieia?/ieo /eiiee?a oa aa?ioaoi?/ieo caoiae?a
ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie aeaea?aei-no?e ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue ca?iyoeiaeo
ieiaeiaeo eoeueoo?». Iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0196U018182.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aeine?aeeoe
aieea aca?iiae?? i?aeuaie ? ni?oo ia o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/i? i?ioeane ?
i?iaeoeoeai?noue aea?aa a?oo?. Aeey oeueiai noaaeeenue ianooii? iniiai?
caaea/?:

— aea/eoe i?eaeeaethaai?noue oa ??no naaeaeaioe?a a?oo? c ??ciei
nooiaiai noi?niino? i?ae ni?oii ? i?aeuaiith i?e aeei?enoaii? ceiiaiai
uaieaiiy;

— aeine?aeeoe iieacieee ?iaioe oioineioaoe/iiai aia?aoo ??ciinoi?nieo
ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue ye naaeaeaioe?a, oae ? aei?ineeo aea?aa
a?oo?;

— aecia/eoe a?io?i?/i? iaoai?cie aca?iiae?? i?ae i?aeuaiith ?
i?euaiith;

— aea/eoe o?c?ieia?/i? i?ioeane ?inoo, iaeiie/aiiy ? ?iciiae?eo
i?aai?/ii? iane i?ae eiiiiiaioaie uaieaiiy;

— aea/eoe aieea i?aeuai oa nooiaiy ?o noi?niino? c ni?oaie ia
a?iaeaei?noue oa ye?noue ieiae?a a?oo?;

— aecia/eoe aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy a?oo? c ??ciei
nooiaiai noi?niino?;

— i?iaanoe iiooe oanoiaeo iieaciee?a nooiaiy noi?niino?
ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

1. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaeo ni?o?a a?oo?, ui a?ae??ciythoueny ??ciei nooiaiai noi?niino? c
aeaith.

2. Anoaiiaeaii ?ieue i?aeuaie ? iniaeeaino? ni?oo a iaeaaiaeaeai? ?o
aca?ii-a?aeiinei, ye? aieeaathoue ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo
eiia?ioaaiue.

3. Ciaeaeaii caeiiii??iino? oa e?euee?ni? iieacieee, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ??aaiue noi?niino? i?ae uaieaieie eiiiiiaioaie.

4. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aecia/aiiy nooiaiy noi?niino? o ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo
eiia?ioaaiue a?oo?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia?
aenia?eiaioaeue-iiai iaoa??aeo ?ic?iaeaii aeni?an-iaoiae oa i?eeaae aeey
aecia/aiiy nooiaiy noi?niino? ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue a?oo?.

I?e aeiai?? i?aeuai aeey a?oo? ?aeiiaiaeo?ii a?aoiaoaaoe oa, ui ni?o
Aeaeieoey ia? e?auo noi?ni?noue c aeaith AA-29, i?ae ni?o Iaeaa/aiea, a
ni?o ssaeoi?anueea a?eueo noi?niee c aeaith A, i?ae ni?o Ia?eaeaiea.
Ni?o Aa?a Aine ca o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/ieie iieacieeaie ia? iecueeee
??aaiue noi?niino? c aeaith, aea i?ii?aeia anoaaea ni?oo Eth?a i?aei?ia?
eiai aei na?aaeiueiai.

Ia I?eaei?no?ianuee?e aeine?aei?e noaioe?? naae?aieoeoaa (AeNN) i.
*a?i?aoe? i?iaaaeaia ai?iaaoe?y aeni?an-iaoiaeo aecia/aiiy nooiaiy
noi?niino? ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue a?oo? a naaeo 15-??/iiai a?eo.

Iniaenoe aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, iaaaaeai? a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, io?eiai? caeiaoaa/ai naiino?eii, e??i ?icae?eo
3.3, aea i?e?iniaeo?aeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy eenoeiaiai aia?aoo
ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue a?oo? i?iaiaeeeenue ni?eueii c noa?oei
iaoeiaei ni?a?ia?oieeii eaai?aoi??? o?c?ieia?? ?ineei ?N OAAI, eaiae.
a?ie. iaoe Eeoa?aei I.?. Iaie ?ic?iaeaii niaoe?aeueiee i?eeaae ? iaoiaee
eiai aeei?enoaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
aeeeaaeaii ia Nai?ia?? c ii?icino?eeino? ia eaoaae?? naae?aieoeoaa
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Iiciaiue, 1997 ?.); ia Iaoeiaiio nai?ia??
naeoe?? «Aenia?eiaioaeueia aioai?ea» i?e Oe?a?inueeiio aioai?/iiio
oiaa?enoa? (Ee?a, 1997 ?.); Anaoe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? «?ioaineai?
oaoiieia?? a naae?aieoeoa?» (Ee?a, 1997 ?.); I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
«Iioiaaiac ?ineei o i?e?iaeiiio oa o?ainoi?iiaaiiio na?aaeiaeu?»
(Euea?a, 1998 ?.); I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «No?ee?noue
?ineei aei aa?ioe/ieo oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua» (Aaaoae,
Eeoaa, 1998 ?.); Anaoe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? «?ano?nicaa??aath/?
oaoiieia?? a naae?aieoeoa?» (Ee?a, 1998 ?.); a oaeiae ia can?aeaiiyo
a/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo naae?aieoeoaa OAAI (1996-1998 ??).

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 5 ?ia?o.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, 3 ?icae?e?a iniiaii? /anoeie, aeniiae?a oa aeiaeaoe?a. Iniiaiee
iaoa??ae aeeeaaeaiee ia 132 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 29
oaaeeoeue, 3 ?enoiee, 8 oioia?ao?e ? 17 aeiaeaoe?a. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e
neeaaea? 244 aeaea?aea.

Oiiae, ia’?eoe ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue. Ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiue
aoee ni?oi-i?aeuaii? eiia?ioaaiiy c ??ciei nooiaiai noi?niino? i?ae
ni?oii ? i?aeuaiith. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue a o?ueio iieueiaeo
aeine?aeao.

A aeine?ae? 1 aea/aee ??no, ?iaioo oioineioaoe/iiai aia?aoo, i?ioean
ooai?aiiy, iaeiie/aiiy oa ?iciiae?eo i?iaeoeo?a anei?eyoe??
naaeaeaioe?a, io?eiaieo a?ae ceiiaiai uaieaiiy ni?o?a Aeaeieoey,
Iaeaa/aiea oa Aa?a Aine a oiiaio ei?aiaao oeeeo ia a?ooo e?niao oa aeao
AA 29. Noaia naae?iiy 70 o 20 ni. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue a
1997-1998 ?ieao.

A aeine?ae? 2 i?ney ceiiaiai uaieaiiy a oiiaio ei?aiaao oeeeo aea/aee
i?eaeeaethaai?noue oa o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/i? iieacieee eenoe?a ni?o?a
Aeaeieoey oa Cieioiai??onueea ia i?aeuaiao a?ooa e?niaa, ai?iaeia
cae/aeia oa ??aa e?oaeieenoa. Noaia naae?iiy 70 o 20 ni, aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeenue o 1998 ?ioe?. Iaeaeaa aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeenue ia aac?
aeine?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa (AeA) «Iiain?eee» ?inoeoooo naae?aieoeoaa
OAAI (Ee?ai-Nayoioeinueeee ?aeii Ee?anueei? iaeano?).

A aeine?ae? 3 aea/aee aieea i?aeuaie ia o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/i? iieacieee
eenoeiaiai aia?aoo oa iaeii??/iiai i?e?inoo aea?aa a?oo?, o?iaeaei?noue
oa ye?noue ieiae?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue a naaeo 1982 ?ieo
naae?iiy, noaia ?ici?uaiiy aea?aa ia neeueii?ineeo i?aeuaiao 6 o 4 i,
aaaaoaoeaieo — 5 o 3 i. Aea/aeenue oae? ni?oi-i?aeuaii? eiia?ioaaiiy oa
oi?ie a?oo?, ye ssaeoi?anueea ei?aiaaeania, ssaeoi?anueea ia aea? A c?
anoaaeith ni?oo Eth?a oa aac anoaaee, Ia?eaeaiea ia a?oo? e?nia?e, aea?
A oa Ia?eaeaiea ia aea? A c anoaaeith ni?oo Eth?a; Aa?a Aine ia a?oo?
e?nia?e ? ia aea? c anoaaeith ni?oo Eth?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue
a 1996-1998 ??. ia aac? I?eaei?no?ianueei? aeine?aeii? noaioe??
naae?aieoeoaa ?N OAAI (i. *a?i?aoe?). Anueiai aeine?aeaeoaaeinue 6
ni?o?a, 5 i?aeuai, 18 ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue.

A iniiao aeine?aeaeaiue aoei iieeaaeaii Iaoiaeeeo AIAe?N ?i. ?.A
I?/o??ia (1973), Iaoiaeeeo i?iaaaeaiiy iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue c
ieiaeiaeie eoeueoo?aie (I.A Eiiae?aoaiei, I.I. Aoaeee, 1996). A i?ioean?
aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaee iieueiaee, eaai?aoi?iee ? noaoenoe/i?
iaoiaee. Ai?no oei?io?e?a, ea?ioeii?ae?a, aoaeaaiae?a (oeoe??a oa
e?ioiaeth) aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii O.I. Ii/eiea (1976); eiioeaio?aoe?th
ee?oeiiiai nieo — ?ao?aeoiiao?e/ii. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiaeiaiino? oa
ai?noo nooi? ?a/iaeie — oa?iiaaaiaei iaoiaeii. Ieoiio iiaa?oiaao
u?euei?noue eenoe?a (IIUE a?aeiioaiiy nooi? ?a/iaeie eenoe?a aei ?o
ieiu? a/aei2) ?ic?aoiaoaaee ca O.A. Oiii?iaii (1977). Ia’?i ei?aiaai?
nenoaie aecia/aee ia’?iiei iaoiaeii. Ceiino?ee?noue ?ineei aea/aee
iieueiaei, a oaeiae eaai?aoi?iei iaoiaeii i?yiiai i?iii?iaeoaaiiy ca
I.I. Nieiaeiaith (1982). I?e?iniaeo?aeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy eenoeiaiai
aia?aoo i?iaiaeeee ethi?ian-oeaioieie i?e?iniaeo?aeueieie iaoiaeaie ia
eaai?aoi?iiio i?e?iniaeo?i-oeoi?eiao?? NIO-1 ca I.?. Eeoa?aei (1988).
sse?noue ieiae?a, cie?aia caaaeueio eeneioi?noue ? oeoe?eno?noue
aecia/aee ca?aeii c iaoiaee/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie OIAe?N (1980). Noo?
?ic/eii? ?a/iaeie a ieiaeao a?oo? — ?ao?aeoiiao?e/ii. Noaoenoe/iee
ia?ia?oie aeaieo i?iaiaeeee ca A.A. Aeini?oiaei (1985) ?c canoinoaaiiyi
ia?niiaeueiiai eiii’thoa?a ?AI ?N-AO ca a?aeiia?aeieie i?ia?aiaie I.I.
Aoaeeea (1991). Aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?aoiaoaaee ca iaoiaeeeith
I.I. Oanoiiaey (1994).

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iniaeeaino? ?inoo ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue a?oo?

Iaaecaiia /anoeia. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui a?aenioie
i?eaeeaethaaiino? uaieaiue a ?icnaaeieeo aea? ciiao aeyaeoe eeoa o?
eiia?ioaaiiy, ye? iathoue aenieee nooi?iue ianoi?niino?. Oeae iieaciee
aeey ni?o?a Aeaeieoey ? Iaeaa/aiea, uaieaieo ia aeao AA-29, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?aeiia?aeii aeia?ith ? na?aaeiueith noi?ni?noth c
oe??th i?aeuaiith, noaiiaea 80,0 oa 84,3 %. I?e uaieaii? ae ni?oo Aa?a
Aine ia aeao AA-29 (iecueea noi?ni?noue) i?ioyaii aeaio ?ie?a aeiaei
43,3 % ?ineei. E??i oiai aoei aeyaeaii ?yae iniaeeainoae o ?inoiaeo
i?ioeanao oeeo uaieaiue (oaae. 1). Iaea?eueo ?ioaineaiee ??no,
iacaeaaeii a?ae i?aeuaie, a?aei?/aii o ni?oo Aeaeieoey, iaeiaioee
i?e??no — o ni?oo Aa?a Aine. Niinoa??aaeenue a?aei?iiino? o aenio?
?ineei, iaeii??/iiio i?e?ino?, ieiu? eenoeiai? ieanoeiee oa caaaeuei?e
eenoeia?e iiaa?oi? caeaaeii a?ae ??aiy ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo aca?iia?aeiinei.

Oae, i?e uaieaii? ni?oo Aeaeieoey ia aea? AA-29 ii a?aeiioaiith aei
eiio?ieth — uaieaiith ia a?oo? e?nia?e, aenioa ?ineei noaiiaeea 92 %,
ieiua eenoea 108 %, caaaeueia eenoeiaa iiaa?oiy 95 %, ni?oo
Iaeaa/aiea a?aeiia?aeii 60, 67, 67 %, a ni?oo Aa?a Aine — 76, 73 ? 35 %.
Oaea ae oaiaeaioe?y niinoa??aaeanue ? a 15-??/ieo ieiaeiiinieo aea?aa
a?oo?. Na?aaeiy ieiua eenoea oa iaeii??/iiai i?e?inoo, a oaeiae
caaaeueia aeiaaeeia i?e?inoo ca ??e ni?o?a ssaeoi?anueea ? Ia?eaeaiea ia
aea? A aoee iaioeie ii??aiyii c uaieaieie ia a?oo? e?nia?e ? c
ei?aiaaeaniith oi?iith. Uaieaiiy ia aeao c aeei?enoaiiyi anoaaee ni?oo
Eth?a caeiaee i?ii?aeia i?noea. Ioaea, cia/ia ciaioaiiy ?inoiaeo
iieaciee?a

Oaaeeoey 1 — Iieacieee ?inoo aeai??/ieo naaeaeaioe?a a?oo?

ia ??cieo i?aeuaiao, 1998 ?.

Ni?o

I?aeuaiaAenioa ?ineei, ni??/iee i?e??no, niE?euee?noue eenoe?a, ooIeiua

eenoea, ni2Caaaeueia eenoeiaa iiaa?oiy, ni2Aeae-a?ooa
e?niaa120,3157,313914,31991,7ieoeyaeaa
AA-29110,3201,012215,51895,8Iaeaa-a?ooa
e?niaa126,3101,38814,71295,0/aieaaeaa AA-2975,5109,5889,9874,1Aa?aa?ooa
e?niaa92,542,57914,11111,5Aineaeaa
AA-2971,035,53810,3389,9I??05-17,26,20,628,3

iaaecaiii? /anoeie na?ae/eoue i?i ?? i?eai?/aiiy i?aeuaiaie aeaa AA-29
oa aeaa A. A oie aea /an aeyaeai? /?oe? ni?oia? iniaeeaino?, ye?
aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui aeai??/i? naaeaeaioe? ni?oo Aeaeieoey
iathoue iaeaeuo nooi?iue noi?niino? c aeaith AA-29, ni?oo Iaeaa/aiea —
na?aaeith, a ni?oo Aa?a Aine — iaeieae/o. Ia ieiaeiiinieo 15-??/ieo
aea?aaao a?oo? aeyaeaii, ui ni?o ssaeoi?anueea a?eueo noi?niee c aeaith
A, i?ae ni?o Ia?eaeaiea. Ni?o Aa?a Aine ia aea? c? anoaaeith ni?oo Eth?a
iaa na?aaeith noi?ni?noue.

Ei?aiaaa nenoaia. Anoaiiaeaii cia/iee aieea noi?niino? ia ?icaeoie
ei?aiaai? nenoaie naaeaeaioe?a a?oo? (oaae. 2). O an?o ni?o?a, uaieaieo
ia aeao, iana i?aecaiii? /anoeie ? ia’?i ei?aiaai? nenoaie aoee iaioeie
ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai, i?ioa o ni?oo Aeaeieoey oey ??cieoey noaiiaeea 28
? 18 %, o ni?oo Iaeaa/aiea ia aea? oe? iieacieee aoee iaio? ia 75 ? 73
%, a o ni?oo Aa?a Aine — ia 60 oa 65 %, a?aeiia?aeii.

Caeaaei?noue o?c?ieiai-a?io?ce/ieo iieaciee?a a?ae ??aiy noi?niino?

ni?oo ? i?aeuaie

Ai?no ieanoeaeieo i?aiaio?a a eenoeao ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue.
Aaaeeeaei iieacieeii, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ?iaioo oioineioaoe/iiai aia?aoo
?ineei ? ai?no oei?io?e?a «a» ? «a» oa ?o ni?aa?aeiioaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue e?eueeino? oei?io?e?a a eenoeao naaeaeaioe?a i?ioyaii
aaaaoaoe?? iieacaee, ui o an?o uaieaiue, aea a ?ie? i?aeuaie
aeei?enoiaoaaeanue aeaa, ?o ai?no aoa iaioei ii??aiyii c uaieaiiyi ia
a?oo? e?nia?e (oaae. 3). C ii/aoeo aaaaoaoe?? e?euee?noue
oei?io?e?a c?inoa?, aeinyaath/e iaeneioio a na?aaeei? aaaaoaoe?eiiai
ia??iaeo, ? iia?eueii ciaioo?oueny ia ii/aoeo inai? o an?o
ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiiyo a?oo?. A ia??iae ?ioaineaiiai ?inoo noia
oei?io?e?a ni?o?a Aeaeieoey ? Iaeaa/aiea, uaieaieo ia a?oo?,
ca?eueoo?oueny ia 20 % ii??aiyii ?c uaieaiiyi oeeo ni?o?a ia aea?
AA-29, oiae? ye o ni?oo Aa?a Aine oea ca?eueoaiiy iaeaea 30
%, aea

Oaaeeoey 2 — Iieacieee ?inoo ei?aiaai? nenoaie

??cieo ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue
a?oo?, 1998 ?.

IieacieeeNi?oi-i?aeuaii? eiia?ioaaiiyI??051*23456Iana iaaecaiii?
/anoeie, a

105,6

129,6

128,0

46,9

62,2

16,8

5,1Iana i?aecaiii? /anoeie, a

137,8

99,0

157,7

39,5

70,1

28,1

8,8A?aeiioaiiy ian iaaecaiii? oa i?aecaiii? /anoei

0,8

1,3

0,8

1,2

0,9

0,6

0,1Ia’?i ei?aiaai? nenoaie, ni3

127

104

142

39

69

24

11,7

*1 — Aeaeieoey/a?ooa e?niaa; 2 — Aeaeieoey/aeaa AA-29;

3 — Iaeaa/aiea/a?ooa e?niaa; 4 — Iaeaa/aiea/aeaa AA-29;

5 — Aa?a Aine/a?ooa e?niaa; 6 — Aa?a Aine/aeaa AA-29.

Oaaeeoey 3 — Ai?no oei?io?e?a a eenoeao naaeaeaioe?a oa ieiaeiiinieo
aea?aa

a?oo? ia ??cieo i?aeuaiao, 1998 ?.

Ni?oI?aeuaieNoia

«a» + «a», ia %A?aeiioaiiy

«a»/»a»Naaeaeaioe? (AeA «Iiain?eee»)Aeaeieoeya?ooa e?niaa192,92,6aeaa
AA-29152,93,3Iaeaa/aiea a?ooa e?niaa208,42,6aeaa AA-29173,22,7Aa?a
Ainea?ooa e?niaa218,22,7aeaa AA-29216,42,6I??059,20,5Ieiaeiiini? aea?aaa
(I?eaei?no?ianueea AeNN)ei?aiaaeania160,92,0ssaeoi?anueeaEth?a/aeaa
A126,32,1aeaa A143,12,1a?ooa e?niaa198,41,8Ia?eaeaieaEth?a/aeaa
A140,92,0aeaa A148,22,0Aa?a Ainea?ooa e?niaa278,71,5Eth?a/aeaa
A216,61,5I??0531,20,1

niinoa??aa?oueny ia ii/aoeo aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. Ciaioaiiy ai?noo
oei?io?e?a c? cieaeaiiyi nooiaiy noi?niino? ia iano?eueee cia/ia, ye i?e
?ia?aoaaii? a?aeoieo anei?eyo?a. A aeine?aeaeaii?, aea o eiia?ioaaii?
Aeaeieoey/a?ooa e?niaa a?aeo?e oioineioaoe/ieo anei?eyo?a c eenoe?a
cao?eioaaany iaiiooaaeueiith ie?aeith, ai?no oei?io?e?a ciaioeany
aaea?/?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ieiaeiiinieo aea?aaao iieacaee, ui o ?ineei
caa??aa?oueny ni?oiaa niaoeeo?ea ai?noo i?aiaio?a: noia oei?io?e?a
iaeiaioa o ni?oo ssaeoi?anueea ei?aiaaeania ? ca?eueoo?oueny a ?yaeo
Ia?eaeaieaAa?a Aine, uaieaieo ia a?oo? e?nia?e. E?euee?noue i?aiaio?a
ciaiooaaeanue o iecueeinoi?nieo ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiiyo.

Ieoiia iiaa?oiaaa u?euei?noue eenoe?a (IIUE) i?ioyaii aaaaoaoe??
ca?eue-oo?oueny, ie??i ni?oo Aeaeieoey, ? o Iaeaa/aiee ia aea? aoea
aeuith ia 27 %, ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth, a o ni?oo Aa?a Aine — ia
33 %. Oaea ae caeiiii??i?noue aeyaeaia ? a ieiaeiiinieo aea?aa ni?o?a
ssaeoi?anueea, Ia?eaeaiea, Aa?a Aine. Ii?ooaiiy a?aeoieo anei?eyo?a o
eiia?ioaaii? Aeaeieoey/a?ooa e?niaa ni?e/eieei c?inoaiiy IIUE ia 42 %.

Ioe?iea noi?niino? ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue a?oo? ca aiae?cii ci?i
oeoi?anoeaioe?? ?o eenoe?a. Iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ieanoeaeiiai
eiiieaeno eenoe?a a?oo? c aeei?enoaiiyi ??cieo i?aeuai cao?eniaai? i?e
aiae?c? niaeo??a ?iaeoeoe?? oeoi?anoeaioe?? oei?io?eo. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe,
ui oa?iia?aie oeoi?anoeaioe?? i?e oaiia?aoo?? aei 60 0N aeineoue /?oei
a?aeoai?ththoue ye ni?oia? iniaeeaino?, oae ? aieea ni?oi-i?aeuaiii?
aca?iiae??. Iieaciaei ? ia o?eueee /an -, aea ? /an ianoaiiy -iaeneioio
(oaae. 4). Iiaeaeueoa iaa??aaiiy (a?eueoa 60 0N) i?ecaiaeeoue aei
niaaeo -oaee? oeoi?anoeaioe??. I?ae /an niaaeo ii/eia? ?icai?yoenue
aeiaoi-caeaia oeoi?anoeaioe?y (vax=530 ii). Ai?n?y oeoi?anoeaioe?? o
oe?e ae?eyioe? niaeo?a Ft530 coiiaeaia ieenieie i?ioeanaie, ui
?i?oe?ththoueny iaa??aaiiyi eenoe?a. Aeyaeeinue, ui ?ioaineai?noue
oeoi?anoeaioe?? =530 ii oei aeua, /ei a?eueo? i?iyae ianoi?niino?.
Iniaeeai aenieee ?? ??aaiue aeey eiia?ioaaiue Ia?eaeaiea/aeaa A, Aa?a
Aine/Eth?a/aeaa A, oiaoi ia eiia?ioaaiiyo c i?eoiaaiith
ianoi?ni?noth. ??aaiue ai?n?? Ft530 c?inoa? a ?yaeo
ei?aiaaeaniaEth?a/aeaa Aaeaa A iaa?oue aeey aeia?anoi?niiai c aeaith
ni?oo ssaeoi?anueea. I?e oeueiio ? ia aa??aio? c? anoaaeith ??aaiue
Ft530 eenoe?a ni?oo Ia?eaeaiea a?eueoee, i?ae ni?oo ssaeoi?anueea a 2,4
?aca, a ianoi?niiai c aeaith ni?oo Aa?a Aine — o 4 ?ace. Niaeao oe???
aeiaoi-caeaii? oeoi?anoeaioe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie ?ioaineaii?
ia?ieneaeaoe?? e?i?ae?a iaia?ai, ui iiaea aooe coiiaeaii i?ioeanaie
ianoi?niino? ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue. Aioeieneaeaioia nenoaia i?e
oeueiio, a??ia?aeii, iani?iiiaeia a iiai?e i??? i?ecoieieoe
aeaa?aaeaoe?ei? i?ioeane a iaia?aiao ? caaacia/eoe ?o iiaiooai?aiiy.

Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue oa?ii?iaeoeoe?? oeoi?anoeaioe?? eenoe?a
?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaiaaii aeni?an-iaoiae aecia/aiiy nooiaiy noi?niino?
o ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo

Oaaeeoey 4 — Aieea ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo a?aeiinei ia i?e?iniaeo?aeuei?

oa?aeoa?enoeee ieanoeaeieo i?aiaio?a a
eenoeao a?oo?,

(12.06.97 ?.)

Iieacieee oaiia?aoo?ii? oeoi?anoeaioe??

Ni?o

I?aeuaieoei?io?eo,

aeiaaeeia oaee?

680 ii, nae?ioeo i?aiaio?a, aeiaaeeia oaee? 530 ii, a?aeiin.
iaeeieoeue-Ft

ssaeo-ei?aiaaeania (eiio?ieue)

39

89

10i?anueeaEth?a/aeaa A256119aeaa A257026

Ia?e-a?ooa e?niaa (eiio?ieue)

37

85

8aeaieaEth?a/aeaa A317646aeaa A287570

Aa?aa?ooa e?niaa (eiio?ieue)

29

74

55AineEth?a/aeaa A307578

eiia?ioaaiue a?oo?, aea ca ia?aiao?aie oaiia?aoo?ii? ?iaeoeoe??
oeoi?anoeaioe?? anoaiiaeaii aenieo /ooeea?noue ci?i oeoi?anoeaioe??
eenoe?a /a?ac iaeiie/aiiy oeoi?io?ii?a iaii?o??eiiaiai iioiaeaeaiiy.

Aieea aca?iiae?? i?euaie ? i?aeuaie ia ai?no oa ?iciiae?e aoaeaaiae?a ?

nooi? ?a/iaeie

Ai?no aoaeaaiae?a o ni?o?a ia ??cieo i?aeuaiao. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieacaee, ui 15-??/i? aea?aaa ni?o?a ssaeoi?anueea ? Ia?eaeaiea, uaieai?
ia aea? A, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeaui a?eueoei ai?noii oeoe??a a eenoeao o
ii??aiyii? c ei?aiaaeaniith oi?iith ? uaieaiiyi ia a?oo? e?nia?e oiai
ae a?eo (oaae. 5). Ia ii/aoeo aaaaoaoe?? ??cieoey o ssaeoi?anueei?
noaiiaeoue — 20 %, o Ia?eaeaiee — 48 %, a a ia??iae ?ioaineaiiai ?inoo
a?aeiia?aeii — 10 ? 48 %. A oeae aea ia??iae c??n oaeiae ai?no e?ioiaeth
ia 83 oa 288 %. I?ioa o naaeaeaioe?a a?oo? a?aei?iiino? ca ai?noii
aoaeaaiae?a a eenoeao aoee iacia/ieie. A?eueo /?oea caeiiii??i?noue
niinoa??aaeanue ca ai?noii aoaeaaiae?a a iaeii??/iiio i?e?ino? ye
aei?ineeo aea?aa, oae ? naaeaeaioe?a. Iaea?eueoa ??cieoey a
oeoe?ao o ei?? ? aea?aaei? iaeii??/ieo iaaii?a a?aei?/aia ia?aae
ii/aoeii aaaaoaoe??. O ni?oo Ia?eaeaiea ia aea? e?euee?noue oeoe??a o
ei?? aoea a 3,2 ? a aea?aaei? a 1,8 ?aca a?eueoith, i?ae i?e uaieaii?
oeueiai ni?oo ia a?ooo e?niao. Iaeneiaeueia e?euee?noue e?ioiaeth
niinoa??aa?oueny a e?ioe? aaaaoaoe??, a oeae aea /an aoea iaea?eueoa
??cieoey i?ae aa??aioaie. O Ia?eaeaiee ia aea? eiai aoei a?eueoa ia 126
% ii a?aeiioaiith aei

Oaaeeoey 5 — Ai?no aoaeaaiae?a oa nooi? ?a/iaeie a eenoeao ??cieo

ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue a?oo?

NooaAoaeaaiaee, % ia 100 a ne?i? ianeNi?oeI?aeuaie?a/iaeia, %a?aeiiae.
oeoe?enoia oeoe??ae?io-

iaeuenoia aoaeaaiae?aNaaeaeaioe? (AeA «Iiain?eee», 1998 ?.)Aeae-a?ooa
e?niaa34,01,501,800,081,88ieoeyaeaa AA-2931,81,361,720,071,80Iaeaa-a?ooa
e?niaa32,41,221,280,051,33/aieaaeaa AA-2937,81,461,620,081,70Aa?a a?ooa
e?niaa36,61,761,860,071,93Aineaeaa
AA-2942,51,461,720,081,80I??052,30,100,120,020,10Ieiaeiiini? aea?aaa
(I?eaei?no?ianueea AeNN, 1997
?.)ssaeo-ei?aiaaeania34,90,631,180,181,36i?anueeaEth?a/aeaa
A36,70,611,210,231,44aeaa A32,20,881,300,331,63Ia?e-a?ooa
e?niaa35,90,560,600,080,68aeaieaEth?a/aeaa A36,20,741,010,151,16aeaa
A38,90,800,890,231,12Aa?a a?ooa e?niaa39,70,640,890,151,04AineEth?a/aeaa
A37,20,420,520,300,82I??052,30,110,110,060,13

eiio?ieth. O naaeaeaioe?a a e?ioe? aaaaoaoe?? oaeiae aoei a?ae/ooia
ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo aoaeaaiae?a i?e uaieaii? ni?o?a ia aeao. Uiaei
ei?aiaai? nenoaie, oi o ni?o?a Aeaeieoey ? Iaeaa/aiea ia aea? AA-29
ai?no oeoe??a aoa a 1,3-3 ?ace a?eueoee i?ae ia a?oo? e?nia?e, a o Aa?a
Aine iaaiaee — iacia/ia ?o ciaioaiiy. E?euee?noue e?ioiaeth c?
cieaeaiiyi noi?niino? ciaioo?oueny. O Aeaeieoe? ia aea? eiai ia 10, o
Iaeaa/aiee ia 56, a o Aa?a Aine ia 34 % iaioa, i?ae o eiio?ie?. Ana oea
aieeioei ia ?iciiae?e aoaeaaiae?a i?ae i?euaiith ? i?aeuaiith. A oie
/an, eiee a iaeii??/ie an?o ni?o?a ia a?oo? e?nia?e ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae
e?euee?noth aoaeaaiae?a a iaaecaii?e /anoei? aei ?o e?eueeino? a
i?aecaii?e neeaei — 0,8, a ia aea? AA-29 — 0,5, oi a aeai??/ie oea
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ia? oaeee aeaeyae: Aeaeieoey/a?ooa e?niaa ? Aa?a
Aine/a?ooa e?niaa — 0,6; Iaeaa/aiea/a?ooa e?niaa — 0,4; Aeaeieoey/aeaa
AA-29 — 1,2; Iaeaa/aiea/aeaa AA-29 — 1,1; Aa?a Aine/aeaa AA-29 — 0,7.

Ioaea, ii?ooaiiy a?aeoieo oioineioaoe/ieo iaoaaie?o?a c eenoe?a o
iaaiie oa ei?ai? ca iiaaii? noi?niino? o ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiiyo
aeeeeea? c?inoaiiy ai?noo aoaeaaiae?a o i?euai? a iaai? ia??iaee
?icaeoeo uaieaieo aea?aa. A iiaeaeueoiio oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei
?ia?aoaaiiy oioineioaco ? cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?ineei.

Ai?no nooi? ?a/iaeie a ??cieo i?aaiao a?oo?. A?aei?/aii iacia/ia
eieeaaiiy a iaiaeiaiino? eenoe?a 15-??/ieo aea?aa ni?o?a ssaeoi?anueea,
Ia?eaeaiea oa Aa?a Aine ia ??cieo i?aeuaiao (oaae. 5). Niinoa??aa?oueny
oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo nooi? ?a/iaeie a eenoeao ni?o?a, ye?
uaieai? ia aea?. O ni?o?a Aeaeieoey, Iaeaa/aiea oa Aa?a Aine, ui
a?ae??ciythoueny ??ciei nooiaiai noi?niino? c aeaith, ciaioaiiy
iaiaeiaiino? eenoe?a ? a?eueo a?ae/ooiei. Cie?aia, o aeai??/ieo
naaeaeaioe?a i?e uaieaii? ia aeao AA-29 ??cieoey ca ai?noii nooi?
?a/iaeie ni?oo Aeaeieoey iaeaea a?aenooiy, a o ni?o?a Iaeaa/aiea oa
Aa?a Aine noaiiaeoue 17 ? 16 % a?aeiia?aeii. Iaea?eueoo ??cieoeth c
iaiaeiaiino? iaeii??/iiai i?e?inoo anoaiiaeaii a e?ioe? eeiiy. Oae,
ai?no nooi? ?a/iaeie a ei?? eiia?ioaaiiy Ia?eaeaiea/aeaa A
ca?eueoo?oueny ia 29, a a aea?aaei? ia 19 % ii a?aeiioaiith aei
aiaeia?/ieo oeaiei eiia?ioaaiiy Ia?eaeaiea/a?ooa e?niaa. Iaea?eueoith
iaiaeiai?noth c i?aai?a aeai??/ieo naaeaeaioe?a a?oo? oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue
aea?aaeia iaeii??/iiai i?e?inoo. Iaea?eueo? a?aei?iiino? ca ai?noii
nooi? ?a/iaeie i?ae uaieaiiyi ni?o?a ia ??ci? i?aeuaie aoee o ei?aiaa?e
nenoai?, a ?c ni?o?a iaenooo?a?uith ??cieoeath i?ae uaieaiiyi ia a?oo?
e?nia?e ? aea? oa?aeoa?eco?oue-ny Aa?a Aine. Oaeiae aeyaeai?
caeiiii??iino? o ni?aa?aeiioaii? ai?noo nooi? ?a-/iaeie ? e?ioiaeth.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui c? cieaeaiiyi ni?oi-i?aeuaiii? noi?niino? oeae iieaciee
ciaioo?oueny, iniaeeai ??cei a ia??iae ?ioaineaiiai ?inoo ?ineei.

Ii?icino?ee?noue ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue a?oo?

Aeine?aeaeaiiy c??c?a iaaii?a ??cieo ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue
a?oo? iieacaee /?oeo caeiiii??i?noue a ?aaeoe?? oeaiei ia
iecueeioaiia?aoo?iee no?an (i?iii?iaeoaaiiy i?e oaiia?aoo?? -30 0N).
Eaia?e o aa?oi?e /anoei? iaaii?a ni?oo ssaeoi?anueea ei?aiaaeania
iioeiaeeany a 10 ?ac?a, a ei?a ao?e/? iaioa, i?ae o iaaii?a oeueiai ae
ni?oo, uaieaiiai ia aea?. Iaio? a?aei?iiino? niinoa??aaeenue a aea?aaei?
?ioeo /anoei iaaii?a. Caaaeii, i?e ciaioaii? nooiaiy noi?niino? o ni?oo
ssaeoi?anueea iecueeioaiia?aoo?i? iioeiaeaeaiiy iaaii?a ca?eueooaaeenue,
a o ni?o?a Ia?eaeaiea oa Aa?a Aine — ciaiooaaeenue. Iaioa iioeiaeaeaiiy
ii?icii iaaii?a ni?oo Ia?eaeaiea, uaieaiiai ia aea?, ia ei?aethaaei c
ai?noii a ieo oeoe??a.

I?iaeoeoeai?noue ni?o?a a?oo? ia ??cieo i?aeuaiao

A?iaeaei?noue oa ye?noue ieiae?a a?oo?. Na?aaeiy a?iaeaei?noue ca 3
?iee aea?aa a?oo? ni?o?a ssaeoi?anueea ei?aiaaeania ? Ia?eaeaiea,
uaieaia ia a?oo? e?nia?e, aoea iaeaea aaea?/? a?eueoa, i?ae i?e uaieaii?
?? ia aea?, ? noaiiaeea 40,1 ? 28,5 oa 17,1 ? 15,1 ea/aea?aai
a?aeiia?aeii (oaae. 6). Aiaeii/an a?aei?/aii, ui na?aaeiy iana iaeiiai
ieiaea ca i?nyoeue aei cae?aiiy, i?aeoe/ii ia a?ae??ciyeanue o an?o
ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue. I?ioa a ia??iae ci?iaeueii? noeaeino?, ca
?aooiie cia/iiai a?aeoieo anei?eyo?a a ieiaee, aiia aoea a?eueoith ia
11 % o ssaeoi?anueei? ? ia 31 % o Ia?eaeaiee i?e uaieaii? ?o ia aeao.
Iaai? a?aei?iiino? ii ai?noo nooi? ?a/iaeie, nooeo ?ic/eiieo
?a/iaei, oeoe?enoino? ? eeneioiino?

Oaaeeoey 6 — O?iaeaei?noue oa ye?noue ieiae?a a?oo? ceiiaeo ni?o?a

ia ??cieo i?aeuaiao

ssaeoi?anueeaIa?eaeaieaIieacieeeei?aia-aeaniaEth?a/

aeaa Aaeaa

Aa?ooa e?niaaEth?a/

aeaa Aaeaa AI??05O?iaeaei?noue, ea/aea?.:

1996 ?.

1997 ?.

1998 ?.

45,0

47,2

28,2

21,3

21,5

18,2

10,5

19,3

21,5

19,0

44,1

22,5

9,0

29,0

26,4

11,2

15,0

19,0

6,2

7,1

5,41 i?nyoeue aei cae?aiiyNa?. iana ieiaea,
a134,2125,6115,886,073,387,82,7Nooa ?a/iaeia,
%16,318,519,916,818,816,10,8Noo? ?ic/. ?a/.,
%11,613,114,513,513,010,70,1Oeoe?e, %12,56,66,37,46,26,20,6Caa.
eeneioi., %0,320,290,290,440,290,290,03Ci?iaeueia noeae?noueNa?. iana
ieiaea, a176,1170,4195,1147,5165,2193,84,5Nooa ?a/iaeia,
%16,419,420,315,317,916,90,6Noo? ?ic/. ?a/.,
%14,416,016,311,014,213,00,3Oeoe?e, %6,58,08,15,97,06,60,6Caa. eeneioi.,
%0,190,250,310,130,220,160,021 i?nyoeue caa??aaiiyNa?. iana ieiaea,
a175,4167,8194,2146,0163,5193,43,8Nooa ?a/iaeia,
%16,417,820,214,316,916,80,7Noo? ?ic/. ?a/.,
%13,915,617,211,213,613,20,4Oeoe?e, %7,59,211,36,87,78,60,7Caa.
eeneioi., %0,190,220,310,130,290,270,04Aeaoa ciyooy ?c caa??aaiiy

(aeaeaaea, i?nyoeue)

II.04

III.03

III.03

II.04

I.04

I.03

niinoa??aaeenue o ??cieo eiia?ioaaiue a ie?ai? ia??iaee. I?ioa, /a?ac
i?nyoeue i?ney caa??aaiiy anoaiiaeaii /?oeo caeiiii??i?noue ii
caaaeuei?e eeneioiino? ieiae?a. Aiia aoea a 1,6-2,1 ?ace a?eueoith i?e
uaieaii? oeeo ni?o?a ia aea? A. Oaeiae ia oe?e i?aeuai? nei?ioeany no?ie
caa??aaiiy ceiiaeo ni?o?a — i?eaeecii ia 1-1,5 i?nyoey.

Aaeain oa ?iciiae?e nooi? a?iiane. ?iciiae?e anei?eyo?a o an?o ni?o?a
(Aeaeieoey, Iaeaa/aiea oa Aa?a Aine), uaieaieo ia a?oo? e?nia?e,
a?aeaoaaany iaeaea i?iii?oe?eii i?ae iaaecaiiith /anoeiith ? ei?aiaaith
nenoaiith, ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae oeeie /anoeiaie noaiiaeei 1,1 (oaae.
7). I?e uaieaii? ?o ia aeao niinoa??aaeanue aeeni?iii?oe?y o ?iciiae?e?
i?iaeoeo?a anei?eyoe??. Oae, ca ?aooiie a?eueoiai c?inoaiiy iane
iaaecaiii? /anoeie ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae

Oaaeeoey 7 — ?iciiae?e nooi? ?a/iaeie o aeai??/ieo naaeaeaioe?a a?oo?,
a

(1998 ?.)

AeaeieoeyIaeaa/aieaAa?a AineIieacieeea?ooa e?niaaaeaa AA-29a?ooa
e?niaaaeaa AA-29a?ooa e?niaaaeaa AA-29Iaaecaiia
/anoeiaEenoee19,319,413,49,38,94,0Iaeii??/iee i?e??no:

ei?a

aea?aaeia

anueiai

4,6

9,4

14,0

10,4

19,1

29,5

6,9

9,3

16,2

4,3

5,5

9,8

1,5

1,9

3,4

1,4

1,8

3,9Aeai??/i?
iaaiie41,743,445,214,827,06,1Anueiai75,092,374,833,939,313,3Ca?eueoaiiy
caaaeueii? aaae ca ??e

55,9

87,0

64,4

29,8

33,6

9,8Ei?aiaaa nenoaiaAnueiai66,055,470,521,735,317,0Ca?eueoaiiy caaaeueii?
aaae ca ??e

47,7

43,9

56,7

12,7

26,6

9,9Ia’?i, ni3127104142396924Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy: iaaecaiia/i?aecaiia

1,1

1,7

1,1

1,6

1,1

0,8

iaaecaiiith ? i?aecaiiith /anoeiaie o oeeo eiia?ioaaiue noaiiaeei o
ni?oo Aeaeieoey — 1,7, Iaeaa/aiea — 1,6 ? Aa?a Aine — 0,8. Oiaoi,
ei?aiaaa nenoaia o aeaio ia?oeo ni?o?a aoea a 1,5 ?ace eaaoa ii??aiyii c
iaaecaiiei i?e?inoii.

Ioaea, nooi?iue ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo aca?iia?aeiinei ia? cia/iee aieea ia
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineei ye oe?e?niiai i?aai?cio.
C iia??oaiiyi noi?niino? ??cei iaaea? ia?inoaiiy a?iiane, ui ?
?acoeueoaoii ii?ooaiiy ye ?iaioe oioineioaoe/iiai aia?aoo, oae ?
o?ainii?oii? nenoaie ?ineei.

Aeiiii?/ia oa aia?aaoe/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy a?oo? ia ??cieo
i?aeuaiao. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue oa eiao?oe??io aia?aaoe/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? ae?iuoaaiiy a?oo? aeu? o ni?o?a, uaieaieo ia a?oo? e?nia?e.
??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iuoaaiiy ni?oo ssaeoi?anueea (eiio?ieue) —
71,1 %, ia aea? — 44,9 %, ni?oo Ia?eaeaiea — 51,2 oa 37,2 % a?aeiia?aeii
(oaae. 8). A oie aea /an, eiao?oe??io aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
ianaaeaeaiue ia neeueii?ineeo i?aeuaiao noaiiaeoue 1,16, oiae? ye ia
ea?eeeiaeo — 0,93.

Oaaeeoey 8 — Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea ae?iuoaaiiy ni?o?a a?oo?

caeaaeii a?ae i?aeuaie, (na?aaei? ca 1996-1998 ??.)

ssaeoi?anueeaIa?eaeaieaIieacieeeei?aia-aeaniaEth?a/

aeaa Aaeaa

Aa?ooa e?niaaEth?a/

aeaa Aaeaa

ANoaia naae?iiy, i6 o 45 o 35 o 36 o 45 o 35 o 3O?iaeaei?noue,
oe/aa166,8135,2113,9118,6143,2100,6Ae?iaie/? aeo?aoe ia 1 aa, a?i.

1634

1526

1420

1393

1516

1353Aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe?? c

1 aa, a?i.

4222

3422

2883

3002

3625

2546Iiaia nia?aa?o?noue

1 oe ieiae?a, a?i.

14,80

16,29

17,47

16,74

15,59

18,45I?eaooie c 1 aa, a?i.1754122089310161393690??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino?,
%71,155,444,951,265,437,2

AENIIAEE

1. Ni?oe a?oo? caa??aathoue iioiaaiaoe/i? iniaeeaino? aeeiai?ee ?inoo
oa ai?noo oei?io?e?a a eenoeao iacaeaaeii a?ae oeio i?aeuaie. Iaea?eueo
?ioaineaiee ??no naaeaeaioe?a niinoa??aaany o ni?oo Aeaeieoey, a
iaeneiaeueiee ai?no oei?io?e?a o ni?oo Aa?a Aine, oi/a oe? iieacieee
aoee ieae/eie, i?ae a eiio?ieueieo aa??aioao (ei?aiaaeanieo oi?iao /e
uaieaiiyo ia a?ooo e?niao).

2. I?eaeeaethaai?noue ceiiaeo uaieaiue aeine?aeaeaieo ni?o?a a?oo?,
ie??i Aa?a Aine, aeineoue aeniea (83-90 %) ? i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeeoue
a?ae oeio i?aeuaie, oiio iiaea ?icaeyaeaoenue o?eueee ye iieaciee iiaii?
ianoi?niino? ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue. Eeiiiaa i?aeuaia aeaa AA-29
i?eai?/o? on? ?inoia? i?ioeane naaeaeaioe?a, a iniaeeai caaaeueio
eenoeiao iiaa?oith, yea o ni?o?a Aeaeieoey, Iaeaa/aiea ? Aa?a Aine
ciaiooaaeanue a?aeiia?aeii ia 5, 33 ? 65 % ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai.

3. Aeei?enoaiiy i?aeuaie aeaa ni?e/eiy? aaeueioaaiiy i?ioean?a a?aeoieo
oioineioaoe/ieo anei?eyo?a, aiane?aeie /iai a?aeaoaa?oueny iaeiie/aiiy
aoaeaaiae?a a eenoeao ? iaaiiao i?euai, caeaaeii a?ae ia??iaeo ?inoo,
(oeoe??a o 1,5 ?ace, e?ioiaeth o 2,5-3 ?ace a?eueoa, ii??aiyii c
eiio?ieai).

4. Aia?oa aeyaeaii caeaaei?noue a?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino? nooi? ?a/iaeie
aei ai?noo e?ioiaeth a eenoeao ? iaaiiao ni?o?a a?ae ??aiy ?o noi?niino?
c i?aeuaiith. Aaee/eia oeueiai a?aeiioaiiy c ?inoii nooiaiy ianoi?niino?
ciaioo?oueny, oiaoi iiaea aaaaeaoenue iaeiei ?c e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a
noi?niino? ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue a?oo?.

5. ?iciiae?e aoaeaaiae?a i?ae iaaecaiiith ? i?aecaiiith /anoeiaie
naaeaeaioe?a caeaaeeoue a?ae ni?oo ? nooiaiy eiai noi?niino? c
i?aeuaiith. O ni?o?a, uaieaieo ia aea? AA-29, a ei?aiaa?e nenoai?
aeinoaoiy e?euee?noue aoaeaaiae?a aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?o ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo.

6. ?iciiae?e nooi? iane i?ae iaaecaiiith /anoeiith ? ei?aiaaith
nenoaiith naaeaeaioe?a ni?o?a Aeaeieoey, Iaeaa/aiea oa Aa?a Aine,
uaieaieo ia aea? AA-29, aiane?aeie aeeni?iii?oe?? o ?iciiae?e?
i?iaeoeo?a anei?eyoe?? ciaoiaeeany o ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo a?aeiia?aeii
1:0,6; 1:0,6 ? 1:1,2, a a eiio?ie? aeey an?o ni?o?a i?eaeecii iaeiaeiai,
ia ??ai? 1:1.

7. Na?aaeiy a?iaeaei?noue (a oiiao c 1 aaeoa?a) ni?o?a ssaeoi?anueea ?
Ia?eaeaiea a eiio?ieueieo aa??aioao aeua, i?ae a uaieaiiyo ia aea?.

8. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy a?oo? ni?oo ssaeoi?anueea aeua,
i?ae ni?oo Ia?eaeaiea. ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? oeeo ni?o?a, uaieaieo ia
aea? A, aoa ia 50 % iaioei ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai.

9. ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiae?a i?e?ioeoi?eiao??? aia?oa aecia/aii
iaaei??ia iaeiie/aiiy ia?aeenieo niieoe a eenoeao i?euai, ui iiaea aooe
iaei??th c i?e/ei i?enei?aiiai noa??iiy iecueeinoi?nieo ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo
eiia?ioaaiue a?oo?.

10. ?ic?iaeai? iaie iaoiaee ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee ianoi?niino?
ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a ?icnaaeieoeoa?
? ni?oiaea/aii?.

11. I?e aeiai?? i?aeuai aeey a?oo? ?aeiiaiaeo?ii a?aoiaoaaoe oa, ui
ni?o Aeaeieoey ia? e?auo noi?ni?noue c aeaith AA-29, i?ae ni?o
Iaeaa/aiea, a ni?o ssaeoi?anueea a?eueo noi?niee c aeaith A, i?ae ni?o
Ia?eaeaiea. Ni?o Aa?a Aine ca o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/ieie iieacieeaie ia?
iecueeee ??aaiue noi?niino? c aeaith, aea i?ii?aeia anoaaea ni?oo Eth?a
i?aei?ia? eiai aei na?aaeiueiai.

12. Aeaa, ia aeaiee /an, ? iaea?eueo iioe?aiith i?aeuaiith aeey a?oo?,
ui a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei aeiiaai ?ioaineo?eaoe?? aaeoc?. I?ioa
iacaaeia?eueia noi?ni?noue ?? c ie?aieie ni?oaie i?ecaiaeeoue aei
aeniaaeaiiy ? ia?aae/anii? caaeaae? aea?aa. Oiio iaiao?aeii ooeaoe ?io?
neaai?ine? i?aeuaie, aai oo «cieioo na?aaeeio», ca yei? i?enei?thaaeinue
ae ieiaeiiioaiiy, aea ia iaaeoi ca?eueooaaeanue ianoi?ni?noue. Oea
aecia/eei a aenieo ainiiaea?/o i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? aeiaaia?/i?noue
noai?thaaieo ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O

1. Aeie?ae A.A., Neea?aa A.I. Aeeiai?ea ai?noo oioianei?eyo?a a eenoeao
oa iaaiiao ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?iaoe?e a?oo? // Naae?aieoeoai.- E.:
Aa?a?ia Oe?a?ia.- 1998.- Aei. 46.- N. 176-178.

Iniaenoi aeena?oaioii i?iaaaeaii aecia/aiiy ai?noo oioianei?eyo?a a
c?aceao i?ioyaii ?ieo.

2. Aeie?ae A.A., Neea?aa A.I. Aieea ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo a?aeiinei ia
a?iiao?e/i? oa a?io?i?/i? iieacieee naaeaeaioe?a a?oo? //
Naae?aieoeoai.- E.: Aa?a?ia Oe?a?ia.- 1998.- Aei. 47.- N. 194-199.

Aecia/aii a?iiao?e/i? iieacieee ?inoo oa i?iaaaeaii a?io?i?/iee aiae?c
??cieo ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue a?oo?.

3. Dolid A., Sylayeva A., Grochol’skiy V., Lysaniuk V. Dynamics of
physiological and biochemical indices for pear scion-rootstocks
combinations with different level of compatibility and their frost
resistance. Scientific works of the Lithuanian institute of horticulture
and Lithuanian university of agriculture. Horticulture and vegetable
growing. Babtai, 1998, V. 17 (3). P. 73-83.

Aeine?aeaeaii ai?no iaoaaie?o?a a 1-??/iiio i?e?ino? oa eenoeao ni?o?a
a?oo? c ??ciei nooiaiai noi?niino?. I?iaaaeaii noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo
aeaieo, ?o ocaaaeueiaiiy oa c?iaeaii aeniiaee.

4. Neeaaaa A.I., Aeie?ae A.A. Iioiaaiaoe/i? ci?ie ai?noo oioineioaoe/ieo
iaoaaie?o?a o ??ciinoi?nieo ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?iaoe?yo a?oo? // Iao.
i?aeia?. eiio. «Iioiaaiac ?ineei o i?e?iaeiiio oa o?ainoi?iiaaiiio
na?aaeiaeu?.- Euea?a: Niieii, 1998.- N. 166-168.

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo aeaieo anoaiiaeaii ?ieue ni?oo a caa?aaeaii?
iioiaaiaoe/ieo iniaeeainoae aeeiai?ee ai?noo oioineioaoe/ieo iaoaaie?o?a
a eenoeao ??ciinoi?nieo eiia?ioaaiue a?oo?.

5. Aeie?ae A.A., Eeoa?a I.?. ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy nooiaiy
noi?niino? ni?oii?aeuaiieo eiia?iaoe?e a?oo? // Ca. i?aoeue i?enay/aieo
100-??//th IAO.- Ee?a: IAO.- 1998.- N. 16.

Ciaeaeaii caeiiii??iino? oa iia? a?io?i?/i? iieacieee, ia iniia? yeeo
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee aecia/aiiy nooiaiy noi?niino? ni?oo ? i?aeuaie.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aeie?ae A.A. Aieea noi?niino? ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue ia
o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/i? i?ioeane oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue a?oo?.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainii-aea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth
06.01.07-ieiae?aieoeoai.- Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao.- Ee?a,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith aieeao ni?oo ? i?aeuaie oa ?o
noi?niino? ia i?ioeane ?inoo, iaeiie/aiiy oa ?iciiae?e i?iaeoeo?a
anei?eyoe?? i?ae eiiiiiaioaie uaieaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii ?ieue iniaeeainoae
ni?oo ? i?aeuaie a iaeaaiaeaeaii? ?o aca?iia?aeiinei, ye? aieeaathoue ia
?inoia? i?ioeane oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue.
Aea/aii aieea noi?niino? ia ?iciiae?e a?iiane i?ae iaaecaiiith oa
ei?aiaaith nenoaiaie naaeaeaioe?a a?oo?. Ciaeaeaii iaai? caeiiii??iino?
oa e?euee?ni? iieacieee, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ??ci? nooiai? noi?niino?
uaieaieo eiiiiiaio?a.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii aeni?an-iaoiae aecia/aiiy
nooiaiy noi?niino? ni?oi-i?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue a?oo? ye a ?icnaaeieeo,
oae ? a ieiaeiiiniiio naaeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?ooa, ni?oi-i?aeuaii? eiia?ioaaiiy, noi?ni?noue,
oei?io?e, aoaeaaiaee, nooa ?a/iaeia, i?iaeoeoeai?noue.

Aeieeae A.A. Aeeyiea niaianoeiinoe ni?oi-iiaeaieiuo eiiaeiaoeee ia
oeceieiai-aeioeie/aneea i?ioeannu e i?iaeoeoeaiinoue a?ooe. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeuenei-oicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.01.07 —
ieiaeiaiaenoai. Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999.

?aaioa iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth aeeyiey ni?oa e iiaeaiy e noaiaie eo
niaianoeiinoe ia i?ioeannu ?inoa, iaeiieaiea e ?ani?aaeaeaiea i?iaeoeoia
anneieeyoeee iaaeaeo eiiiiiaioaie i?eaeaie, a oaeaea ia eiee/anoai
aeiiannu e i?iaeoeoeaiinoue ni?oi-iiaeaieiuo eiiaeiaoeee a?ooe.
Iauaeoaie enneaaeiaaiee neoaeeee eenouey, iiaaae e ieiaeu 14-16-eaoieo
aea?aaueaa a?ooe ni?oia ssaeoieaneay e Ia?eaeaiea, i?eaeeouo ia aeaa A e
Aa?a Aine ia aeaa ni anoaaeie ni?oa Eth?a; ?anoaiey iaeii- e aeaooeaoieo
naaeaioeaa a?ooe Auaeieoea, Iaeaa/aiea e Aa?a Aine, i?eaeouo ia aeaa
AA-29. Eiio?ieue — i?eaeaee ia a?ooa eaniie.

I?iaaaeaiu eiiieaeniua oeceieiai-aeioeie/aneea enneaaeiaaiey,
ii?aaeaeaia i?iaeoeoeaiinoue e o?iaeaeiinoue iyoe ni?oia a?ooe, a oii
/enea o??o iiauo ni?oia oe?aeineie naeaeoeee: Auaeieoea (aaoi?u A.I.
Eiiaiue, E.I. Eiiaiue), ssaeoieaneay e Iaeaa/aiea (aaoi?
A.E. Naeei) e iaeaeaiu ioee/ey a noaiaie eo niaianoeiinoe n aeaie.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ni?oa a?ooe nio?aiyee iioiaaiaoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe
aeeiaieee ?inoa e niaea?aeaiey oei?ioeeea a eenoueyo, iacaaeneii io
iiaeaiy, nieaeathuaai ?inoiaua i?ioeannu. Iaeaieaa eioaineaiui ?ino aue
o ni?oa Auaeieoea, iaeiaiueoei — o ni?oa Aa?a Aine, iacaaeneii io
iiaeaiy. Niaea?aeaiea oei?ioeeea a eenoueyo aia/aea aaaaoaoeee
oaaee/eaaeinue, aeinoeaay iaeneioia a na?aaeeia aaaaoaoeeiiiiai
ia?eiaea, e iinoaiaiii oiaiueoaeinue e ia/aeo inaie. ?anoaiey, i?eaeoua
ia aeaa, eiaee iaiueoaa niaea?aeaiea oei?ioeeea a eenoueyo, /ai ia a?ooa
eaniie. Noaiaiue niaianoeiinoe ni?oia a?ooe n aeaie ieacuaaea aeeyiea ia
?inoiaua i?ioeannu eae iaaecaiiie /anoe, oae e ei?iaaie nenoaiu
?anoaiee. Oae, ieiuaaeue eenoueaa, o ni?oia Auaeieoea, Iaeaa/aiea e Aa?a
Aine auee iaiueoeie niioaaonoaaiii ia 5, 33 e 65 %, a ianna iaaecaiiie
/anoe — a 1,4; 3,9 e 2,5 ?aca ii n?aaiaieth n eiio?ieai. Iieacaii, /oi
aeaa aucuaaao eiaeae?iaaiea iooiea oioineioaoe/aneeo anneieeyoia, a
?acoeueoaoa /aai a eenoueyo e iiaaaao i?eaiaa a caaeneiinoe io ia?eiaea
?inoa iaeaieeaaaony cia/eoaeueiia eiee/anoai oaeaaiaeia (naoa?ia aieueoa
a 1,5 ?aca, e?aoiaea — a 2,5-3 ?aca ii n?aaiaieth n eiio?ieai).
Iaeaeaii, /oi ioiioaiea eiee/anoaa nooie iannu e niaea?aeaieth e?aoiaea
a eenoueyo e iiaaaao iiaeao auoue e?eoa?eai noaiaie niaianoeiinoe
ni?oi-iiaeaieiuo eiiaeiaoeee a?ooe. Iaoiaeii iee?iniaeo?ioeoi?eiao?ee
ii?aaeaeaii cia/eoaeueiia iaeiieaiea ia?aeeniuo niaaeeiaiee a eenoueyo
i?eaiaa, /oi aa?iyoii yaeyaony iaeiie ec i?e/ei onei?aiiiai noa?aiey
neaainiaianoeiuo ni?oi-iiaeaieiuo eiiaeiaoeee a?ooe. Eco/aii aeeyiea
niaianoeiinoe ia ?ani?aaeaeaiea aeiiannu iaaeaeo iaaecaiiie e iiaecaiiie
/anoyie naaeaioeaa a?ooe. Anee a eiio?iea o anao ni?oia niioiioaiea
iaaeaeo yoeie /anoyie auei 1,1, oi o i?eaeaie ia aeaa iii ninoaaeyei o
ni?oia Auaeieoea 1,7, Iaeaa/aiea — 1,6 e Aa?a Aine — 0,8, o.a. n
oooaeoaieai niaianoeiinoe (io Auaeieoeu aei Aa?a Aine) nouanoaaiii
nieaeaeny i?e?ino aeiiannu ?anoaiee.

N?aaeiyy ca 3 aiaea o?iaeaeiinoue (a ?an/?oa ia iaeii aea?aai) 15-eaoieo
aea?aaueaa a?ooe ni?oia ssaeoieaneay e Ia?eaeaiea, i?eaeouo ia a?ooa
eaniie, auea a 2 ?aca aieueoa, /ai a eiiaeiaoeeyo n aeaie, a aan ieiaea,
iaiai?io, aue aieueoei a iineaaeiai neo/aa.

Ii ?acoeueoaoai enneaaeiaaiee ?ac?aaioai iee?iniaeo?aeueiue
yeni?ann-iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey noaiaie niaianoeiinoe ni?oi-iiaeaieiuo
eiiaeiaoeee a ieoiiieea e ieiaeiiiniii naaeo. I?e iiaeai?a iiaeaiaa aeey
a?ooe neaaeoao o/eouaaoue, /oi ni?o Auaeieoea eo/oa niaianoei n aeaie
AA-29, /ai ni?o Iaeaa/aiea, a ni?o ssaeoieaneay aieaa niaianoei n aeaie
A, /ai ni?o Ia?eaeaiea. Ni?o Aa?a Aine ii oeceieiai-aeioeie/aneei
iieacaoaeyi eiaao ieceee o?iaaiue niaianoeiinoe, eioi?ue iiaeieiaaony
aei n?aaeiaai n eniieueciaaieai i?iiaaeooi/iie anoaaee ni?oa Eth?a. Oioy
aeaa e yaeyaony iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?ai?iiui iiaeaiai aeey a?ooe, a?
iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiay niaianoeiinoue n iaeioi?uie ni?oaie i?eaiaeeo e
enoiuaieth e i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiie aeaaee ?anoaiee. Iiyoiio iaiaoiaeeii
eneaoue e ae?oaea neaai?ineua iiaeaie, eee oo «cieiooth na?aaeeio», i?e
eioi?ie nie?auaeny au n?ie anooieaiey aea?aaueaa a ieiaeiiioaiea, ii i?e
yoii ia neeoeii oaaee/eaaeanue ianiaianoeiinoue n ?acee/iuie ni?oaie.
Yoi ii?aaeaeeei au aunieoth oicyenoaaiioth i?iaeoeoeaiinoue e
aeieaiaa/iinoue ni?oi-iiaeaieiuo eiiaeiaoeee a?ooe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: a?ooa, ni?oi-iiaeaieiua eiiaeiaoeee, niaianoeiinoue,
oei?ioeee, oaeaaiaeu, nooia aauanoai, i?iaeoeoeaiinoue.

Dolid A.V. The influence of scion-rootstock compatibility on
physiological and biochemical processes and productivity of pear.-
Manuscript.

The thesis is submitted for the scientific degree of the candidate of
the agricultural sciences, specialty 06.01.07 — fruit growing.- National
Agrarian University, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis is dedicated to the investigation of growth and biochemical
processes in pear scion-rootstock combinations with a various level of
compatibility. It is shown that both scion and rootstock peculiarities
play a significant part in organizing their interaction as well in an
influence on growth, development, and productivity of composite plants.
A biomass distribution between over — and underground parts of pear
seedlings is determined. Some quantitative indices describing a level of
compatibility for grafted components are found. The microspectral
fluorescent express-method is created for determining a compatibility
level of diverse pear scion-rootstock combinations both in a nursery and
in bearing orchards.

Key words: pear, scion-rootstock combinations, compatibility,
chlorophyll, carbohydrates, dry matter, productivity.

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