13

I?I?NOA?NOAI AA?II?IIENEIAIAI EIIIEAENO OE?A?IE

OA?E?ANUeEEE CIIAAOA?EIA?IEE ?INOEOOO

AeAAOss?UeIA IEEIEA IEAENAIAe?IAE*

OAeE: 619:614.31:637.5:631.416.840:636.22/28

Aieea ia?aoeiiaeo oaeoi??a

ia ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiee noaoon iiei/ii? caeice oa ye?noue iieiea o
ei??a

16.00.06 — aaoa?eia?ia nai?oa??y oa a?a??ia

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo
iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999Aeena?oaoe?ath ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ciia?a??ie

Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

*i?iee Ieeiea Aaneeueiae/,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ciia?a??ie

Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ia?eia TH??e
Iaeneiiae/, aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee eaai?aoi??? ciia?a??ie
?inoeoooo aenia?eiaioaeueii? oa ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie,

i. Oa?e?a;

eaiaeeaeao aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ie?eiee Aaiia Iaae?aia,
caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?e n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? ?aae?iaeieia??
Aea?aeaaii? aa?iaeieia?/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie, i. AEeoiie?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

i. A?ea Oea?eaa, Ee?anueei? iae.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 2 ” eeiiy 1999 ?ieo i “10” aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.070.01 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
ciiaaoa?eia?iiio ?inoeooo? ca aae?anith: 312050, ia Iaea Aeaiee?aea,
Aea?aa/?anueeee ?aeii, Oa?e?anueea iae.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooooo (312050, ia Iaea Aeaiee?aea,
Aea?aa/?anueeee ?aeii, Oa?e?anueea iae.)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 28 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Naaaiei I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Anooi. I?iaeaia caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy aenieiye?nieie oa iiaiioe?iieie
i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy ? ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiith. Ae??oaiiy caaea/
ciaioaiiy aeao?oeeoo i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy ca cia/aiiyi noi?oue ia
ia?oiio i?noe? na?aae ae?iaieoeoaa an?o aeae?a iaoa??aeueieo oe?iiinoae.
Aaaeeeaei eiiiiiaioii o oa?/oaaii? ethaeeie ? iieiei, ??/ia iio?aaa a
yeiio iiaeiia neeaaeaoe ia iaioa 400 ea ia aeooo ianaeaiiy. O ca’yceo c
oeei ?ioaineo?eaoe?y aaeoc? iiei/iiai neioa?noaa ? aeooaeueiei ieoaiiyi
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O eiioaeno? aecia/aiiai noi?oue ieoaiiy i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? iiei/ii? ooaeiae, yea caeaaeeoue ye a?ae ?aoe?iiaeueii?
aiae?ae?, oae ? a?ae eiiieaeno oaeoi??a e oiia oo?eiaiiy (oieiaei?
i?aeeiae, aenieioaieii?ia?aei? no?ie i?ei?uaiue, ??ce? eieeaaiiy
oaiia?aoo?e, aieia?noue, i?aeaeuaiiy oaeaeeino? ?ooo iia?o?y,
eiioeaio?aoe?y aoaeaeeneioe, ai?aeo, n??eiaiaeith oa ?i.), eio??
eiaiothoueny ye ia?aoeiia? (?. ?. Aaei?i 1980, A. E. Aieeia 1982, TH. I.
Ia?eia 1987, I. I. Caoa?aiei 1992, I. I. O?aiia 1993, I. A. Aeai/oe, I.
I. Aeniein 1996).

Iino?eia ci?ia ia?aoeiiaeo oaeoi??a iaoiiaeth? cieaeaiiy aaeaioaoe?eieo
iaoai?ci?a oaa?ei, ui iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ?oith i?iaeoeoeai?noue (A. A.
Ca???aa 1981, A. I. I?e?oaiei 1990, I. A. *i?iee 1994).

Oaeoi?aie, ui no?eiothoue aaiaoe/iee i?iaeoeoeaiee iioaioe?ae ei??a, ?
iacaaeia?eueiee i?e?iee?iao, iaa?aeiia?aei?noue oaoiieia?? oo?eiaiiy ?
eiino?oeoe?? i?aeeia a?ieia?/iei iio?aaai i?aai?cio.

sse a?aei?/athoue TH.I.Ia?eia (1992), ?.O.Eaoeaae/ (1995), I.A.Aeai/oe
(1996), oe? ieoaiiy iiaeii? noaoe i?aaeiaoii anaa?/iiai aea/aiiy. ?
iaaiee iai?aoeueiaaiee iaoa??ae, aea a /eneaiieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo iaia?
aeinoaoiuei? e?eueeino? aeaieo i?i aieea eiino?oeoe?? i?aeeia, niinia?a
oo?eiaiiy ?aiiioieo oaeeoeue /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee ia ?o iiaeaeueoo
i?iaeoeoeai?noue, ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiee noai iiei/ii? caeice oa ye?noue
iieiea.

Iaaeinoaoiuei aena?oeaiee o e?oa?aoo?? aieea iai?iaeaeoth/eo
eiino?oeoe?e ia noai iiei/ii? caeice e caoai?thaaiiy ia?a?noie ianoeoii.
Ia aeaiee /an ua ia cian?i c’yniaaii, ye? oiiae oo?eiaiiy ei??a o
oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noaao iiaeooue iaoiiaethaaoe aenieo
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? caei?ia’y oaa?ei. Oiio iiaeaeueoa oaeineiiaeaiiy
a?a??i?/ieo oa oaoiieia?/ieo cania?a ? ?aaeei?a oa aea/aiiy ?oiueiai
aieeao ia i?aai?ci ei??a c iaoith iie?ioaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
aeiai? ? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? iieiea, noaiiaeoue iaoeiaee ?ioa?an ?
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia ia i?aenoaa? ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o eaoaae?e
ciia?a??ie Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo noi?nii c ?O OAAI, ?
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith oai: ? 051.25.27 (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
08.16.007 + 03.29) ? 0198 V 000621.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? o aea/aii?
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aeiai? ? yeino? iieiea ei??a o caeaaeiino?
a?ae ia?aoeiiaeo oaeoi??a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aeaoe ioe?ieo nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iiio noaio iia?o?yiiai na?aaeiaeua
i?ei?uaiue i?e ??cieo niiniaao oo?eiaiiy ei??a.

2. Aea/eoe ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiee noaoon iiei/ii? caeice ? ye?noue iieiea
o aca?iica’yceo c ??ciith eiino?oeoe??th i?aeeia oa no?i.

3. Anoaiiaeoe ei?aeyoe?th i?ae iniiaieie no?oeoo?ieie aeaiaioaie
aeueaaiey?iiai aia?aoo aeiai? i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei c iae?ineii?/ieie
aei??aie iiei/ii? caeice oa ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae eiino?oeoe?? i?aeeia,
no?i ? oaoiieiai-a?a??i?/ieo cania?a.

4. Iaa?oiooaaoe aca?iica’ycie i?ae ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieie iniaeeainoyie
iiei/ii? caeice ia?a?noie oa caoai?thaai?noth ?o ia ianoeo.

5. Aea/eoe aieea ia?aoeiiaeo oaeoi??a ia a?io?i?/i? ? ii?oieia?/i?
iieacieee e?ia? oa ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae noaio i?aeeia ? oaoiieia??
oo?eiaiiy ei??a.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

1. Aia?oa aecia/ai? ci?ie ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio iiei/ii? caeice
oa yeino? iieiea o ei??a i?e oo?eiaii? ?o ia i?aeeiaao ??cieo
eiino?oeoe?e.

2. Io?eiai? a?aeiiino? i?i ii?oieia?/i?, ooieoe?iiaeuei? oa
a?noino?oeoo?i? ci?ie a iiei/i?e caeic? ia?a?noie /a?aiii? noaiiai?
ii?iaee i?e ??cieo niiniaao oo?eiaiiy oa aeei?enoaii?
nai?oa?ii-oaoiieia?/ieo cania?a.

3. Iaea?aeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? i?i aca?iica’ycie i?ae
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieie iniaeeainoyie aeiai? oa caoai?thaaiue
i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei ia noaee?i?/iee ianoeo.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*AIIss IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

Iaaaaeai? a ?iaio? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue
?icoe?eoe a?aeiiino? i?i iaoai?cie aaeaioaoe?? iaoae?a, ia?a?noie ?
ei??a aei iani?eyoeeaeo ia?aoeiiaeo oaeoi??a oo?eiaiiy e iai?iaeaeoth/eo
eiino?oeoe?e aoae?ae?. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoai? i?e
?ic?iaoe? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e “Nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/i? oa oaoiieia?/i? caoiaee
oi?ioaaiiy caei?iaiai oa aenieii?iaeoeoeaiiai iiei/iiai noaaea ei??a”,
Oa?e?a 1998. Aiie ai?iaaaeaeai? a ENI “Eaieiaoe” Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? oa
AOC “Oaaae?inueea” Oa?e?anueei? iaeanoae. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo oaoiieia?e,
aeai?? niiniao oo?eiaiiy ei??a a eieaeoeaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoaao, oa?ia?nueeeo oa iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noaao. Iaoa??aee
iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? e?ea??a aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie, cii?iaeaia??a, ia
oaeoeueoaoao i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? ciiaaoniaoe?ae?no?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaioii ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe
o?ueio iniaenoi i?iaaaeaieo iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nueeeo aeine?ae?a.
Iaoiaeieia?y oa noaia aeine?aeaeaiue a?aei?aoeueiaaia ?acii c iaoeiaei
ea??aieeii. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa oi?ioaaiiy
?oeiieno aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? ioae?eaoe?e,
aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, oi?ioaaiiy aeniiae?a
ii ?iaio? oa i?iiiceoe?e ae?iaieoeoao.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny oa aoee iaaiai?ai? ia:

— ??/ieo ca?oieo eiioa?aioe?yo Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo
(Oa?e?a, 1992-1998);

— i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Caa?aaeai?noue
iieiaeiyeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei — caii?oea ?icaeoeo
oaa?eiieoeoaa Oe?a?ie” (Oa?e?a, 1994);

— i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c
aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? oa a?ioaoiieia?? ?iciiiaeaiiy oaa?ei (Ai?iiaae,
1994);

— i?aeia?iaei?e tha?eaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “No/aniee
noai aeinyaiaiiy ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ciia?a??ie/ii? iaoee ?
i?aeoeee”, i?enay/ai?e 115 ??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy i?ioani?a A. E.
Nei?ioiaeueea (Ee?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 6 ?ia?o, 4 c ieo o
iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo, ia?ae?e yeeo caoaa?aeaeaiee AAE Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y iaae?oeiaaia ia 136
noi??ieao iaoeiiieno, neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e,
aenia?eiaioaeueii? /anoeie, aiae?co ? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, i?iiiceoe?e aeey ae?iaieoeoaa oa ia?ae?eo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee ia?aoiao? 257
iaeiaioaaiue, a o./. 56 ?iicaiieo. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 43 oaaeeoeyie oa
14 iaethieaie, c yeeo a?n?i ? i?e?ioioia?ao??.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? aeeaieo aaey/i?noue caa?aeoth/iio eaoaae?ith aiaoii??,
i?ioani?o A?eai??th Ieeieaeiae/o Oiiaieo ca anaa?/io aeiiiiiao oa
eiinoeueoaoe?? i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe c ieoaiue ii?oieia??
aeueaaiey?iiai aia?aoo aeiai? ei??a.

AENIA?EIAIOAEUeIA *ANOEIA

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? oeyoii
i?iaaaeaiiy o?ueio iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nueeeo aeine?ae?a ia aac?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa “*a?aiiee iaye” oa
“I?ni/einueeee” Oa?e?anueei? iaeano?. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiue aoee
oaa?eie /a?aiii-noaiiai? ii?iaee, c yeeo noi?iiaaii aeine?aei? oa
eiio?ieuei? a?oie ca i?eioeeiii ia?-aiaeia?a (oaae. 1). O i?ioean?
?iaioe aeei?enoiaoaaee ciia?a??i?/i?, aaiaoieia?/i?, a?io?i?/i?,
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeuei? oa a?noiiao?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiy.

Noai i?e?iee?iaoo a i?ei?uaiiyo ioe?ithaaee a?aeiia?aeii aei
“Iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii aeine?aeaeaiith nenoai i?e?iee?iaoo a
i?iieneiaiio oaa?eiieoeoa? e ioao?aieoeoa?” (Ae. I. Io?oneaeca, A. E.
Aieeia oa ?i., 1977), aeac?aie e iin?aiee?a c a?a??i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
o oaa?eiieoeoa? (I. A. Aeai/oe, I. I. Aeniein, I. A. *i?iee oa ?i,
1996).

I?e aea/aii? ii?oieia?/ieo, aaiaoieia?/ieo oa a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a
e?ia? ei?enooaaeeny iaoiaeeeaie, aeeeaaeaieie a ?iaioao
A.A.Eoae?yaoeaaa, E.A.Eoae?yaoeaai? (1974), I.O.Eaaaae?aa, A.O.Oniae/a
(1976).

Oaaeeoey 1

Noaia iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nueeeo aeine?ae?a

A?oieEiino?oeoeai? iniaeeaino? i?ei?uaiue, oaoiieiai-a?a??i?/i?
caniaeEiao. oaieicanaithaaiiy i?aeeia, ao/i2 a?aae.Eiao. oaieiia?aaea/?
no?i, ao/i2 a?aaeNiiniae oo?eiaiiy oaa?ei? aeine?ae

Aea/aiiy aieeao i?aeeia ??cii? eiino?oeoe?? ia ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiee
noai iiei/ii? caeice, i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa ye?noue iieiea o ei??a?

Eiio?ieueia

N = 50Eiia?iiaai? i?aeeiae*, no?ie oeaaeyi? (51 ni)15,51,28I?ea’ycia??

Aeine?aeia

N = 50Eiia?iiaai? i?aeeiae c aea?aa’yiei ianoeeii (4 ni); no?ie oeaaeyi?
(51 ni)8,01,28I?ea’ycia?? aeine?ae

Aea/aiiy aieeao ia?aoeiiaeo oaeoi??a i?e?iee?iaoo i?ei?uaiue ?
cae?ciaaoiiiaeo eiino?oeoe?e ia noai caei?ia’y oa ?icaeoie iiei/ii?
caeice o iaoae?a aei 6-i?ny/ii? o?eueiino??

Eiio?ieueia

N = 50No?ie c cae?ciaaoiiiaeo eiino?oeoe?e, aac ooaiethaa/a; i?aeeiae
anoaeueoiaaoiiia?13,01,64Aaci?ea’ycii-aieniaa??

Aeine?aeia

N = 50No?ie c cae?ciaaoiiiaeo eiino?oeoe?e c oa?ii?cieyoe?eiei oa?ii;
i?aeeiae anoaeueoiaaoiiia?13,01,1Aaci?ea’ycii-aieniaa??? aeine?ae

Aea/aiiy aieeao oaoiieiai-a?a??i?/ieo cania?a ? ianaaeo aeiai? ia
caei?ia’y iaoae?a i?ney 6-i?ny/ii? o?eueiino? ia a?noino?oeoo?i? ci?ie a
aeueaaiey?iiio aia?ao? iiei/ii? caeice ia?a?noie?

Eiio?ieueia

N = 50*aaoiii-a?ao/ano?? i?aeeiae, no?ie oeaaeyi?, iaoae? c 6-i?n
o?eueiino?, aac ianaaeo aeiai?18,01,28Aaci?ea’ycii-aieniaa??

Aeine?aeia

N = 50*aaoiii-a?ao/ano?? i?aeeiae, no?ie oeaaeyi?; iaoaeyi c 6-i?n.
O?eueiino? i?iaiaeeee ianaae aeiai?18,01,28Aaci?ea’ycii-aieniaaI?ei?oea.
* 59% anoaeueoia? e 41% /aaoiii-a?ao/ano?

Ii?oieia?/i? oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? iieacieee aeiai? o i?aeaeine?aeieo
oaa?ei aea/aee ia ae?oaiio — o?aoueiio i?nyoeyo eaeoaoe?? ca iaeio
aiaeeio aei ?aieiaiai aei?iiy ca?aeii c “?ino?oeoe??th ii aii?ooaaiith
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae iiei/ieo oa iiei/ii-i’ynieo ii??ae”, (E. 1993)
oa iaoiaee/ieo aeac?aie “Ioe?iea aeiai? e iieieiaeaaaeaiiy ei??a
iiei/ieo oa i’ynieo ii??ae”, (I. 1980).

O?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino? iieiea (ai?no aee?o oa a?eea, o oiio /ene?
eaca?io, u?euei?noue, eeneioi?noue, ai?no nooeo ?a/iaei, NIII) aecia/aee
iaeei ?ac ia i?nyoeue ca caaaeueii i?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie; a?aeiia?aeii
aei aeiia AINOo 13264-88 oa AeNOO 3662-97.

Aeyaeaiiy iayaiino? aeii?oie aii?iaeueiiai iieiea o c?a?aiiio i?iaiaeeee
ca aeiiiiiaith i?aia?aoo “Ianoii?ei”, a oaeiae canoiniaoaaee iaoiae
I?aneiooa-A??aea i?ae /an i?ae?aooieo niiaoe/ieo ee?oei.

Ae?aaiinoeeo noaee?i?/ieo ianoeo?a i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii c
“?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie ii ai?iouea? c ianoeoii, 1990 ??e”. Ii?yae c
i?iaaaeaiiyi aeeianoeiiaiai oanoo noaaeee i?iao c a?aenoithaaiiyi
nae?aoo aeiai?.

Caaaeueia no?oeoo?ia i?aai?caoe?y iiei/ieo aeueaaie aea/aeanue ia
c?aceao iiei/ii? caeice, io?eiaieo oeyoii i?eaeeoo?ai? a?iin?? oa i?ney
caaith oaa?ei ia iynieiia?iao?.

Ia ioa?aeaieo aaiaoienee?i-aic?iii i?aia?aoao aea/aee ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
ia?aio?ie ? no?iie, ae?aiao? aeueaaie, aenioo nae?aoi?iiai ai?oae?th
(eaeoioeeo?a) oa e?euee?noue eaeoioeeo?a a ai?oae?aeueiiio oa?ia? ii
A.A.Aaoaiaeeeiao (1990).

Iaea?aeaiee iaoa??ae aeine?aeaeaiue a?iiao?e/ii ia?iaeaiee ii
I.A.Ieio?inueeiio, (1970).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

1. Aieea i?aeeia ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e ia o?c?ieia?/iee noai oa
caoai?thaaiiy ei??a ianoeoii

Ii?oieia?/ia ioe?iea aeiai? ei??a

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ei?iae, ye? oo?eioaaeenue ia i?aeeiaao c aea?aa’yiei
ianoeeii, ia?aaeuoaaee ca ?icaeoeii aeiai? nai?o iaeiie?oie, ye?
oo?eioaaeenue ia eiia?iiaaieo i?aeeiaao. Oae, aeiaaeeia aeiai? o ieo
aoea a?eueoith ia 8,2%, oe?eia — ia 13,3% (? < 0,01), a?aenoaiue i?ae ia?aaei?ie nineaie - ia 11,3%, a ai?eciioaeueiee iaoaao aeiai? - ia 2,6%, ii??aiyii c aeo?aeieie cai??aie aeiai?. A?noino?oeoo?i? ci?ie a aeueaaiey?iiio aia?ao? iiei/ii? caeice ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi Aaeaioaoe?y aeiai? ei??a ia iani?eyoeeao ae?th oaeiai ia?aoeiiaiai oaeoi?a, ye eiia?iiaai? i?aeeiae, noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ci?iith ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo iieaciee?a aeueaaiey?iiai aia?aoo iiei/ii? caeice (oaae.2). Aeai? ii?oiiao?e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue, ui o ei??a aeine?aeii? a?oie, ye? oo?eioaaeenue ia eiia?iiaaieo i?aeeiaao c aea?aa’yiei ianoeeii, ??cieoey a ni?aa?aeiioaii? iniiaieo no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a aeueaaiey?iiai aia?aoo aeiai? aeyaey?oueny nooo?ai a?ae/ooiith, Oae o ei??a eiio?ieueii? a?oie ieiua iiia?a/iiai ?ic??co aeueaaie aoea iaioith, a ieiua o?aaaeoe c aee?iaith oeaieiith – a?eueoith, i?ae o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie. A?aeiioaiiy ia?aio?ie aei ieiu? ia?a??co aoei iaioa - ia 8.02% (?<0.001), ae?aiao? aeueaaie - ia 24.30 iei ? e?euee?noue eaeoioeeo?a a aeueaaieao ia ia?a??c? ia 11.8 ee?oie (?<0.05) aoei oaeiae iaioa a ii??aiyii? c ei?iaaie aeine?aeii? a?oie. Oaaeeoey 2 Ii?oiiao?e/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeueaaiey?iiai aia?aoo iiei/ieo caeic ei??a i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oi IieacieeeEiio?ieueia I±Aeine?aeia I±tdPAe?aiao? aeueaaie, iei,122,6±5,53146,9±7,612,58<0,05Ieiua iiia?a/iiai ?ic??co, oiiaieo iaeeieoeue: Caaaeueia7,487,48Aeueaaie4,07±0,0474,67±0,0687,25<0,001Ieiua o?aaaeoe c aee?iaith oeaieiith,3,41±0,0492,81±0,0577,98<0,001A?aeiioaiiy ia?aio?ie aei ieiu? ia?a??co, %54,4162,43E?euee?noue eaeoioeeo?a a aeueaaieao ia ia?a??c?37,8±3,4749,6±3,042,55<0,05E?euee?noue eaeoioeeo?a ia 10 iei ae?aiao?a3,183,37Aenioa eaeoioeeo?a, iei13,04±0,9514,03±0,480,93>0,05

??cieoey o aenio? eaeoioeeo?a — 14,03±048 ? 13,04±0,95 iei — aoea
iaa??ia?aeiith (P>0,05).

Aeai? ii?oiiao?e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeueaaiey?iiai aia?aoo iiei/ii?
caeice i?aeaeine?aeieo ei??a ei?aeththoue c iae?ineii?/ieie aei??aie
aeiai?. Aiie na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui o ei??a, ye? oo?eioaaeenue ia
eiia?iiaaieo i?aeeiaao c aea?aa’yiei ianoeeii, aei’y ?icaeiooa e?aua, a
aeueaaiey?iee aia?ao caaacia/o? aeuo iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue.

Ooieoe?iiaeuei? iieacieee aeiai? ei??a

Oo?eiaiiy oaa?ei ia ??cieo i?aeeiaao a?aeia?aceeiny oaeiae ia
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iieacieeao iiei/ii? caeice (oaae. 3).

Oaaeeoey 3

Ooieoe?iiaeuei? iieacieee aeiai? oa caoai?thaai?noue ei??a ianoeoii

IieacieeeEiio?ieueia

I±Aeine?aeia

I±Aei eiio?ieueii?, %Aeiaiaee iaae?e,
ea9,86±0,910,26±0,7*104,1Oaeaee?noue iieieiaeaaaeaiiy,
ea/oa.1,22±0,021,45±0,045118,9?iaeaen aeiai?,
%46,81±0,847,95±0,75*+1,14Caoai??ei ianoeoii,%5614+42I?ei?oea. *? < 0,01 O ei??a, ye? oo?eiothoueny ia eiia?iiaaieo i?aeeiaao c aea?aa’yiei ianoeeii, aeiaia? iaaei? ca iae?eia? ia??iaee eaeoaoe?? aoee aeueie ia 4,1%, a ?iaeaen aeiai? aoa a?eueoee ia 1,14% (P<0,01). Na?aae ieo ia 42% iaioa caoai??ei ianoeoii ? ia 25,7% iaioa aoei iaaeaii iieiaiai? aeiiiiiae, a oaeiae aoea e?auith ye?noue iieiea (oaae. 4). Oaaeeoey 4 Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? neeaae iieiea o ei??a, (n =50) IieacieeeA?oie oaa?eiAei eiio?ieth, %Eiio?ieueiaAeine?aeiaM ± mM ± mIaae?e ca ia?o? 100 ae?a, ea986,0±1201026±160**104,1Ai?no aee?o, %3,37±0,073,61±0,12**107,12Caaaeueiee a?eie, %3,36±0,0493,56±0,029**105,95a o./. eaca?i2,65±0,0202,81±0,009106,0U?euei?noue, 0A28,3±0,2227,6±0,2997,5Eeneioi?noue, 0O16,5±0,2617,4±0,28105,5Ai?no nooeo ?a/iaei, %11,72±0,02012,02±0,028102,56E?euee?noue niiaoe/ieo ee?oei, oen/ie518±53,4347±12,4**67,0Aaeoa??aeueia caa?oaeiai?noue, oen/ie500 oen.500 oen.100I?ei?oea. ** ?<0,01 O ei??a aeine?aeii? a?oie ca 100 iae?eiaeo ae?a eaeoaoe?? iaae?e aoa a?eueoee ia 4,1% c o?aooaaiiyi aacenii? aee?iino?, ai?no aee?o a iieioe? - ia 7,12% oa a?eea - ia 5,95% (?<0,01). Ca?eueoeany oaeiae ai?no nooeo ?a/iaei a iieioe? ia 2,56%, ciaioeeanue e?euee?noue niiaoe/ieo ee?oei ia 33% oa aaeoa??aeueia caa?oaeiai?noue ia 40%, ui ni?eyei i?aeaeuaiith ni?oiino? iieiea. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue oo?eiaiiy ei??a ia i?aeeiaao ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e A?eueo aenie? iieacieee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iaea?aeai? a aeine?aei?e a?oi?, yea oo?eioaaeanue ia aea?aa’yi?e i?aeeic?. Oae, i?e iaeiaeiaeo ??aiyo aiae?ae? aeo?aoe ei?i?a ia 1 oe iieiea a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? aoee ia 4,1% aeueie, i?ae o aeine?aei?e, ui ?acii i?ecaaei aei c?inoaiiy nia?aa?oino? iieiea ia 5,2% (oaae. 5). C aiae?co oaaeeoe? aeieeaaa, ui iieacieee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iaea?aeai? a aeine?aei?e a?oi?, yea oo?eioaaeanue ia eiia?iiaai?e i?aeeic? c aea?aa’yiei ianoeeii, aoee aeueie. A?eueo aenieee ai?no aee?o a iieioe? oa aeua ni?oi?noue ca?eueoeee oe?io ?aae?caoe?? 1 oe iieiea ia 9%. A oe?eiio ca 100 aei?a eaeoaoe?? c ?ic?aooieo ia ei?iao aeine?aeii? a?oie ia 52,86 a?i. i?eaooeo a?eueoa, a ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? – aoa ia 17,4% aeuei, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e. A?ae ei?iae, ui ia?aoai??ea ia ianoeo, ca 100 ae?a eaeoaoe?? iaaeiio?eiaii 10% iieiea. I?e oeueiio a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia?aoai??ei ianoeoii o 4 ?ace a?eueoa oaa?ei, ui i?ecaaei aei iaaeiio?eiaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? a a?ioiaiio ae?ac? o 3,6 ?ace a?eueoa, i?ae o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie. Oaaeeoey 5 Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue oo?eiaiiy ei??a ia i?aeeiaao ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e oa caeoee a?ae caoai?thaaiiy ?o ia ianoeo IieacieeeEiio?ieueiaAeine?aeiaAei eiio?ieueii?, %Iaae?e ca 100 aei?a eaeoaoe??, ea9861026104,1Oe?ia ?aae?caoe?? 1 oe iieiea aaciai? aee?iino? c o?aooaaiiyi ni?oiino?, a?i32,435,3*109,0Nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe ?aae?ciaaiiai iieiea, a?i27,8826,4394,8Iaea?aeaii: i?eaooeo ia 1 oe iieiea, a?i4,528,87196,2I?eaooeo a?ae ei?iae ca 100 aei?a eaeoaoe??, a?i44,0496,90220??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino?, %16,233,6+17,4Caoai??ee ia ianoeo:aie?a28725%5614-42Iaaeiio?eiaii: iieiea ia ia?aoai??aoo ei?iao ca 100 aei?a eaeoaoe??, ea9193102,2o ia?a?aooieo ia aacenio aee?i?noue, ea9099110Anueiai iaaeiio?eiaii iieiea: ea252069327,5o a?ioiaiio ae?ac?, oen. a?i.690,5189,527,5Caeoee ia ei?iao, a?i13,813,8027,5Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo oo?eiaiiy oaa?ei ia i?aeeiaao c aea?aa’yiei ianoeeii neeaa ca 100 aei?a eaeoaoe?? 96,90 a?i c ?ic?aooieo ia iaeio aieiao. 2. Aieea ia?aoeiiaeo oaeoi??a i?e?iee?iaoo i?ei?uaiue c cae?ciaaoiiiaeo eiino?oeoe?e ia noai caei?ia’y oa ?icaeoie iaoae?a aei 6-i?ny/ii? o?eueiino? Iieacieee i?e?iee?iaoo o i?ei?uaiiyo aeey oo?eiaiiy iaoae?a Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui aoaeueoiaaoiiia? i?aeeiae oa cae?ciaaoiii? ia ooaieai? no?ie iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia i?aai?ci oaa?ei. O i?ei?uaii? ii?ooothoueny ii?ie eieeaaiiy iieaciee?a i?e?iee?iaoo (oaiia?aoo?e, aieiaino?, oaeaeeino? ?ooo iia?o?y, eiioeaio?aoe?? aoaeaeeneioe, ai?aeo, n??eiaiaeith), ui ? aeaoa?i?iaioaie noaio caei?ia’y oa ??aiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? (oaae. 6). Iieacieee o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae oa o?i?/iiai neeaaeo iia?o?y a aeine?aeiiio i?ei?uaii? a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai, ui ia?aaeaa/ai? ii?iaie oaoiieia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy aeey oaa?eiieoeueeeo i?ei?uaiue. O oie aea /an a?aei?/aeinue ia?aa?eueoaiiy a?aeiinii? aieiaino?, oaeaeeino? ?ooo iia?o?y oa eiioeaio?aoe?? ai?aeo ? n??eiaiaeith a i?ei?uaii?, aea oo?eioaaeany eiio?ieueia a?oia oaa?ei. I?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue i?e?iaia caa?oaeiai?noue iia?o?y oa i?aeeia o i?ei?uaiiyo, aea oo?eioaaeenue oaa?eie, a?aeiia?aeaea nai?oa?ii-a?a??ie/iei ii?iai. Oaaeeoey 6 I?e?iee?iao o i?ei?uaiiyo aeey oo?eiaiiy iaoae?a, I±m IieacieeeIa??iaee ?ieoCeiaAaniaE?oiIn?iueOaiia?aoo?a, 0N8,0±1,5 12,0±0,910,0±1,2 12,0±1,318,0±3,4 18,0±1,29,1±3,2 8,6±4,1A?aeiinia aieia?noue, %75,0±5,8 70,0±2,476,0±4,2 74,0±3,265,0±5,8 60,0±6,278,0±3,4 76,0±5,1Oaeaee?noue ?ooo iia?o?y, i/n0,4±0,1 0,5±0,10,3±0,08 0,4±0,020,4±0,1 0,8±0,30,3±0,1 0,5±0,2Ai?no aoaeaeeneioe, e/i32,2±0,3 2,1±0,42,0±0,1 2,5±0,21,8±1,1 2,2±1,22,1±0,1 2,0±0,2Ai?no ai?aeo, ia/i327,0±0,3 14,0±0,227,0±0,3 14,0±0,520,0±0,3 18,0±0,418,1±1,3 15,0±1,1Ai?no n??eiaiaeith, ia/i312,0±0,1 8,0±0,212,0±0,08 10,0±0,0510,0±0,4 7,0±0,216,0±1,5 10,0±1,2I?ei?oee: o /enaeueieeo – iieacieee eiio?ieueiiai i?ei?uaiiy; o ciaiaiieeo – iieacieee aeine?aeiiai i?ei?uaiiy. Ii?oieia?/i? oa a?io?i?/i? iieacieee e?ia? o oaa?ei Ii?oia?io?i?/ia ea?oeia e?ia? i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei iieacaia a oaaeeoe? 7. Oaaeeoey 7 Ii?oieia?/i? oa a?io?i?/i? iieacieee e?ia? IieacieeeEiio?ieueia I±iAeine?aeia I±iAei eiio?ieueii?, %Aaiiaeia?i, a/e116,7 ± 0,19121,6 ± 0,15*104,2A?eo?ioeeoe, 11012/e6,45 ± 0,236,68 ± 0,20103,6Eaeeioeeoe, 1109/e8,06 ± 0,807,76 ± 0,9796,2Caaaeueiee a?eie, a/e74,3 ± 0,0277,3 ± 0,04*104,0Eoaeiee ?aca?a, iiieue/e509 ± 2,24526 ± 3,12*103,3I?ei?oea. *P<0,05 Iaea?aeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i a?eueo aenie? aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie. Oae ca ai?noii aaiiaeia?io iaoae? c aeine?aeii? a?oie ia?aaeuoaaee oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie (?<0,05). 3. Aieea ?o/iiai ianaaeo aeiai? ia caei?ia’y iaoae?a i?ney 6-i?ny/ii? o?eueiino? oa ia a?noino?oeoo?i? ci?ie a aeueaaiey?iiio aia?ao? iiei/ii? caeice ia?a?noie Ii?oieia?/i? iieacieee aeiai? iaoae?a oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue ia?a?noie o i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oiao Ii??aiyeuei? aeai? iniiaieo i?ii???a aeiai? aeacothoue ia oa, ui o oaeeoeue aeine?aeii? a?oie, yeei i?iaiaeeee ?o/iee ianaae aeiai? i?ioyaii 5 oaeeei o o? aiaeeie, ui ia?aaeaa/ai? ?icii?yaeeii aeiy ia oa?i?, ?ici?? eiai aoa a?eueoei, i?ae ?oi?o iaeiie?oie eiio?ieueii? a?oie ? oey ??cieoey o 27 - i?ny/iiio a?oe? neeaaeaea 12,2 ni. (oaae. 8). Oaaeeoey 8 Aca?iic?ycie i?ae iaoaaoii iiei/ii? caeice o iaoae?a oa ?o ianooiiith iiei/iith i?iaeoeoeai?noth, M±m A?oie Iaoae?aE?euee?noue oaa?ei, aie.Iaoaao iiei/ii? caeice,niIaae?e ia ia?a?noeo ca 305 ae?a eaeoaoe??, eaEiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe??, r±mrA?e o i?nyoeyo182627Eiio?ieueia5020,0±0,4942,3±1,362,2±2,6245726,170,589±0,030 Aeine?aeia5022,5±0,4649,8±1,574,4±1,8305232,240,794±0,003I?ii??e aeiai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui oaiaeaioe?y ca?eueoaiiy iniiaieo ii?oieia?/ieo iieaciee?a iiei/ii? caeice caa??aa?oueny ? a iiaeaeueoiio. Oae, iaoaao aeiai? o ia?a?noie aeine?aeii? a?oie ia?aa?eueooaaa oaeee aea iieaciee o ?iaanieoeue eiio?ieueii? a?oie ia 7,53 ni. I?ae iaoaaoii aeiai? o iaoae?a oa ??aiai ?o ianooiii? iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? anoaiiaeaii i?yiie?i?eia ei?aeyoe?y, ui ia? ?aaeueia cia/aiiy. Oae ca 305 ae?a eaeoaoe?? eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie aoa r=0,794, a o eiio?ieueii? r=0,589. A?noino?oeoo?i? a?aei?iiino? aeueaaiey?iiai aia?aoo iiei/ii? caeice ia?a?noie Oaa?eie, ye? oo?eioaaeenue aaci?ea’ycii-aieniai ?c canoinoaaiiyi ianaaeo aeiai?, oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue e?auei ?icaeoeii aeiai? ye a oe?eiio, oae ? c ie?aieo no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a ia?aio?ie (oaae. 9). Oaaeeoey 9 Ii?oiiao?e/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeueaaiey?iiai aia?aoo iiei/ieo caeic ia?a?noie i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oi, M±m. IieacieeeEiio?ieueiaAeine?aeiatdPAe?aiao? aeueaaie, iei38,0±2,4251,2±2,273,97<0,001Ieiua iiia?a/iiai ?ic??co, oiiaieo iaeeieoeue: Caaaeueia7.487.48Aeueaaie3,12±0.0573,60±0.0436.72<0,001Ieiua o?aaaeoe c aee?iaith oeaieiith4,36±0,0573,88±0,0436,72<0,001A?aeiioaiiy ia?aio?ie aei ieiu? ia?a??co, %41,7148,12E?euee?noue eaeoioeeo?a a aeueaaieao ia ia?a??c?19,7±1,4426,1±1,193,42<0,01E?euee?noue eaeoioeeo?a ia 10 iei ae?aiao?o5,095,18Aenioa eaeoioeeo?a, iei15,28±0,5415,91±0,400,93<0,05Oae, na?aaei?e ae?aiao? aeueaaie oa ieiua ?o iiia?a/iiai ?ic??co o ia?a?noie aeine?aeii? a?oie aoee a?eueo? a?aeiia?aeii ia 34,7 ? 15,4% (P<0,001). A?aeiioaiiy ia?aio?ie aei ieiu? ia?a??co oa e?euee?noue eaeoioeeo?a a aeueaaieao ia ia?a??c? o ieo aoea oaeiae a?eueoith ia 6,41 ? 32,5 % (P<0,001), i?ae o ?o ?iaanieoeue, a ieiua o?aaaeoe c aee?iaith oeaieiith o oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie aoea ia 11% a?eueoith, i?ae o ?iaanieoeue aeine?aeii? a?oie. C io?eiaieo ii?oiiao?e/ieo aeaieo aeieeaa?, ui ianaae iiei/ii? caeice o iaoae?a a inoaii? o?e i?nyoe? o?eueiino? ni?ey? ?icaeoeia? aeueaaiey?iiai aia?aoo aeiai?. Ooieoe?iiaeuei? aeanoeaino? aeiai? ia?a?noie O ia?a?noie aeine?aeii? a?oie, yeei i?iaiaeeany ianaae aeiai?, ia o?eueee i?aeaeueany na?aaei?e aeiaiaee iaae?e, aea e cia/ii iie?ioeeanue oaeaee?noue iieieiaeaaaeaiiy, yea noaiiaeea 1,22 ea/oa (noaiaea?o /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee – 1,2 ea/oa). Anoaiiaeaii, ui na?aaeiy oaeaee?noue iieieiaeaaaeaiiy o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie aoea ia 14% aeuith, i?ae o ?iaanieoeue eiio?ieueii? a?oie (oaae. 10). Oaaeeoey 10 Oaeaee?noue iieieiaeaaaeaiiy o i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei, M±m IieacieeeEiio?ieueiaAeine?aeiaAei eiio?ieth, %Na?aaei?e aeiaiaee iaae?e, ea8,09±0,1610,01±0,14123,7Na?aaeiy o?eaae?noue aei?iiy, oa7,54±0,288,33±0,21110,4Na?aaeiy oaeaee?noue iieiei–aeaaaeaiiy, ea/oa1,07±0,031,22±0,02114,0Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ia?a?noie Ii?oieia?/i? iciaee oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? aeanoeaino? aeiai? a iaai?e i??? aecia/athoue iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue ia?a?noie. Iaae?e ia?a?noie o yeeo i?iaiaeeany ianaae aeiai? ca 305 aei?a eaeoaoe??, aoa aeuei, i?ae o ?iaanieoeue eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Aeuei aoa oaeiae ai?no aee?o oa a?eea o iieioe? (oaae. 11). Oaaeeoey 11 Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa neeaae iieiea o ia?a?noie IieacieeeEiio?ieueia M±mAeine?aeia M ± mAei eiio?ieth, %Iaae?e ia ia?a?noeo ca 305 ae?a eaeoaoe??, ea2457±26,173052±32,24124,2Ai?no o iieioe?: aee?o, %3,63±0,033,71±0,06102,2iiei/iiai aee?o, ea89,2±1,97113,2±2,84126,9a?eea, %3,19±0,053,26±0,03102,2iiei/iiai a?eea, ea78,4±1,2399,5±1,57126,9nooeo ?a/iaei, %11,92±0,0812,05±0,09101,1U?euei?noue, 0A27,1±0,0628,6±0,04105,5Ia?a?noee aeine?aeii? a?oie a?aeiia?aeathoue oiiaai ia?oiai eeano noaiaea?oo ii?iaee: iaae?e ca ia?oo eaeoaoe?th noaiiaea 3052 ea, e?euee?noue iiei/iiai aee?o – 113 ea. Caoai?thaai?noue ia ianoeo ia?a?noie o caeaaeiino? a?ae ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo aeanoeainoae aeiai? I?e aeine?aeaeaii? i?ioyaii ia?oeo o?ueio eaeoaoe?e anoaiiaeaiee aca?iica’ycie caoai?thaaiiy ia?a?noie ia ianoeo c ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieie iniaeeainoyie ?o iiei/ii? caeice (oaae. 12). Oaaeeoey 12 Caoai?thaai?noue ianoeoii ia?a?noie o caeaaeiino? a?ae iieaciee?a ??aiii??iino? ?icaeoeo aeiai? oa ?ioaineaiino? iieieiaeaaaeaiiy, M±m IieacieeeEiio?ieueia n=118Aeine?aeia n=96?iaeaen aeiai?, %40,01±2,2644,1±2,69Iaeneiaeueia ??cieoey a iaaei? /aoaa?oae, %8,52±0,717,97±0,45*?iaeaen, i/i1,440±0,0501,401±0,030Eiao?oe??io ??aiii??iino?0,412±0,0060,414±0,005Iaeneiaeueia a?aeoeeaiiy4,65±0,384,51±0,26Caoai?thaai?noue ianoeoii o caeaaeiino? a?ae ??aiii??iino? ?icaeoeo aeiai? ca ia?o? o?e eaeoaoe??, %8,24,4*an aei?iiy aeiaiaiai oaeith, oa.10,01 ± 0,147,54 ± 0,22?ioaineai?noue iieieiaeaaaeaiiy, ea/oa1,07 ± 0,031,22* ± 0,02Caoai?thaai?noue ia ianoeo o caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ioaineaiino? iieieiaeaaaeaiiy ca ia?o? o?e eaeoaoe??, %19,710,8I?ei?oea.* ?<0,05 Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ei?iae–ia?a?noee aeine?aeii? a?oie iathoue a?eueo ?icaeiaia aei’y, i?ae oaa?eie eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Aeinoia??ia ??cieoey i?ae ia?a?noeaie eiio?ieueii? ? aeine?aeii? a?oi aoea anoaiiaeaia oaeiae ca iaeneiaeueiei ia’?iii iaaeith /aa?oae aeiai?, oa ?ioaineai?noth iieieiaeaaaeaiiy (?<0,05). Iaio /?oe? ci?ie anoaiiaeai? ca ?iaeaenii aeiai? e eiao?oe??ioii ??aiii??iino?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui iaoae?, yeei i?iaiaeeee ianaae aeiai?, aoee a?eueo aaeaioiaai? aei iaoai?ciaaiiai aei?iiy oa oiia oo?eiaiiy. Caoai?thaaiiy ia ianoeo ca?a?no?iaaii o 4,4% ia?a?noie aeine?aeii? ? a?aeiia?aeii 10,8% - o ?iaanieoeue eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Ooieoe?iiaeuei? iieacieee aeiai? o ia?a?noie aeine?aeaeoaaee ia ae?oaiio i?nyoe? eaeoaoe?? c iiaeaeueoei ?iciiae?eii oaa?ei ia aea? a?oie ca /anii aei?iiy aeiaiaiai iaaeith oa ?ioaineaiino? iieieiaeaaaeaiiy. Ia?a?noee aeine?aeii? a?oie a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae ?iaanieoeue eiio?ieueii? aeuith ?ioaineai?noth iieieiaeaaaeaiiy, iaioei /anii aeiaiaiai iaaeith – 7,54 oa ? a?eueoith ianoeoino?ee?noth (oai?eo 10,8%). Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ianaaeo aeiai? o iaoae?a ia ?o iiaeaeueoo iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue Aeei?enoaiiy ianaaeo aeiai? o iaoae?a aea? cia/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo. Oae, o aeine?aei?e a?oi? iaae?e ia ia?a?noeo aoa aeuei ia 24,2%, a nia?aa?o?noue - ieae/ith ia 15,2%, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e (oaae. 13). Oaaeeoey 13 Aieea ianaaeo iiei/ii? caeice iaoae?a ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa iieiea o ia?a?noie oa caeoee a?ae caoai?thaaiiy ?o ia ianoeo IieacieeeEiio?ieueiaAeine?aeiaAei eiio?ieueii?, %Iaae?e ia aieiao ca 305 aei?a eaeoaoe??, ea24573052124,2Aeo?aoe ia oo?eiaiiy ia?a?noie, a?i.744,2783,85105,3Nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe iieiea, a?i.30,2925,6884,8?aae?caoe?eia oe?ia 1 oe iieiea, a?i37,6937,69100Iaea?aeaii i?eaooeo:ia 1 oe iieiea, a?i7,412,01162,3ia ia?a?noeo, a?i181,82336,54174,7??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino?, %24,431,9+ 7,5Caoai??ei ia ianoeo: %208- 12Iaaeiio?eiaii iieiea ia ia?a?noeo ca eaeoaoe?th, ea337308109,4Caaaeuei? caeoee a?ae ianoeoo, a?i901,46402,7844,7 ± caeoe?a ia ia?a?noeo, a?i18,038,0644,7 Oaeei /eiii, o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie i?eaooie ia 1 oe iieiea aoa aeuei ia 62,3%, a ii??aiyii? c ia?a?noeaie eiio?ieueii? a?oie. A ia?a?aooieo ia iaeio ia?a?noeo i?eaooie ca?eueoeany ia 155 a?eaaiue ca ??e. ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? a aeine?aei?e a?oi? noaiiaea 31,9% i?ioe 24,4 a eiio?ieuei?e. A?ae ia?a?noee, yea ia?aoai??ea ia ianoeo, aoei iaaeiio?eiaii 8,6% iieiea ca eaeoaoe?th. O aeine?aei?e a?oi? ia?aoai??ei ia ianoeo a 2,5 ?ace iaioa oaa?e?i, ui ni?eyei io?eiaiith i?iaeoeoe?? o a?ioiaiio ae?ac? a 2 ?ace a?eueoa, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?. AENIIAEE 1.Eiiieaen iani?eyoeeaeo ia?aoeiiaeo oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, oaeeo ye oieiaei? i?aeeiae, aeniea oaieii?ia?aei?noue no?i i?ei?uaiue, ??ce? eieeaaiiy oaiia?aoo?, aieiaino?, i?aeaeuaiiy oaeaeeino? ?ooo iia?o?y, eiioeaio?aoe?? aoaeaeeneioe, ai?aeo, n??eiaiaeith oa ?i., /eiyoue iaaaoeaiee aieea ia ooieoe?iiaeuei?, ii?oieia?/i? e a?noino?oeoo?i? aeaiaioe iiei/ii? caeice, noai caei?ia’y oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a ? iaoae?a ye i?e i?ea’yciiio, oae ? aaci?ea’ycii-aieniaiio oo?eiaii?. I?ioa, aeei?enoaiiy cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy oaieicaoenieo aeanoeainoae iai?iaeaeoth/eo eiino?oeoe?e oa oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? i?iaaaeaiiy ianaaeo iiei/ii? caeice, ye? iathoue aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa?oiooaaiiy, nooo?ai iie?ioothoue noai caei?ia’y oa ??aaiue i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaa?ei. 2.Aea?aa’yiee ianoee iiaa?o anoaeueoiaaoiiieo oa /aaoiii-a?ao/anoeo i?aeeia o aienao ei??aiee?a aeicaiey? cieceoe ?oi? oaieiiiaeeiath/? aeanoeaino? iaeaea o aeaa ?ace (c 15,5 aei 8 Ao/i2 a?aae.). I?e oeueiio i?aeoe/ii aeeeth/a?oueny iiaeeea?noue eiioaeoo aeiai? ei??a c oieiaeieie iiaa?oiyie i?aeeiae, iie?ioothoueny iieacieee i?e?iee?iaoo, ciaioo?oueny e?euee?noue ei??a, oai?eo ianoeoii - ia 31,5% ? e?euee?noue oneeaaeiaiue i?e iieiaao – ia 25,5%. 3.Ooaieaiiy i?aeeiae ni?ey? iie?ioaiith ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo no?oeoo? aeiai? ae?eieo ei??a: ca?eueoaiith ieiu? iiia?a/iiai ?ic??co ? ae?aiao?o aeueaaie i?e iaeii/aniiio ciaioaii? ieiueie o?aaaeoe c aee?iaith oeaieiith oa e?eueeino? eaeoioeeo?a o aeueaaieao, ui ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith aeiaiaeo iaaei?a ei??a ia 4,1%, ?ioaineaiino? iieieiaeaaaeaiiy ia 18,9% oa iie?ioaiith yeino? iieiea. Io?eiaiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ooaieaiiy aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e i?ei?uaiue aeicaieea i?aeaeueoe ?aioaaaeuei?noue ae?iaieoeoaa iieiea ia 17,4%. 4.Ae?iuoaaiiy iaoae?a aei 6-i?ny/ii? o?eueiino? o i?ei?uaii? c ooaieaieie o?ueiooa?iaeie cae?ciaaoiiieie no?iiaeie iaiaeyie, ii??aiyii c iaooaieaieie, aeicaiey? cia/ii iie?ioeoe i?e?iee?iao, ciaioeoe ia?aoeiia? a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae ii?ie iniiaieo ia?aiao??a iia?o?yiiai na?aaeiaeua, ui iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia o?c?ieia?/iee noai iaoae?a, iieacieee ?icaeoeo iiei/ii? caeice ? ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? cae?aiino?. Ia?oa ieiaeioai?ia caie?aeiaiiy o oaeeoeue aeine?aeii? a?oie a?aeaoeiny ia 34 aeiae ?ai?oa, i?ae o iaeiie?oie eiio?ieueii? a?oie, a ??cieoey a iieacieeao caie?aeiaiino? o aeaio a?oiao neeaea 16,2%. 5.Aaci?ea’ycii-aieniaa oo?eiaiiy iaoae?a c ianaaeai aeiai?, ?icii/eiath/e c 6-i?ny/ii? o?eueiino?, ni?ey? nooo?aiio ca?eueoaiith iiei/ii? caeice (iaoaao aeiai? o ia?a?noie aeine?aeii? a?oie aoa ia 12,2 ni a?eueoee, i?ae o ?iaanieoeue) oa ??aiii??iiio ?icaeoeo /aa?oae aeiai?. I?ae ?ici??aie iiei/ii? caeice oa aaee/eiith ?o iaeaooiueiai iaaeith o iaoae?a /a?aiii-noaiiai? ii?iaee anoaiiaeaia i?yia ei?aeyoe?y (0.794±0.103). 6.Ianaae aeiai? o iaoae?a o ii?aeiaii? c ooaieaiiyi eiino?oeoe?e i?ei?uaiue ?noioii aieeaa? ia i?aeaeuaiiy a iiaeaeueoiio ?o iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Oae, iaae?e ca?eueoeany a na?aaeiueiio ia 24,2%, ?ioaineai?noue iieieiaeaaaeaiiy ia 14%, a e?euee?noue aeiaaee?a caoai?thaaiiy ianoeoii nei?i/o?oueny a 2 ?aca. 7.Oaa?eie, ye? oo?eioaaeenue aaci?ea’ycii c canoinoaaiiyi ianaaeo aeiai?, oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue e?auei ?icaeoeii aeiai?. Oae, na?aaei?e ae?aiao? aeueaaie oa ieiua ?o iiia?a/iiai ?ic??co o ia?a?noie aeine?aeii? a?oie aoee a?eueoeie, a?aeiia?aeii, ia 34,7 ? 15,4% (P<0,001). A?aeiioaiiy ia?aio?ie aei ieiu? ia?a??co oa e?euee?noue eaeoioeeo?a a aeueaaieao ia ia?a??c? o ieo aoea oaeiae a?eueoith ia 6,41 ? 32,5 % (P<0,001), ieiua o?aaaeoe c aee?iaith oeaieiith o oeeo oaa?ei aoea ia 11% iaioith, i?ae o ia?a?noie eiio?ieueii?. 8.Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae canoinoaaiiy eiino?oeoe?e i?aeeia ? no?i c iie?ioaieie oaoiieia?/ieie yeinoyie neeaaea? c ?ic?aooieo ia iaeio ei?iao 96,90 a?i. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aaeeio ianaaeo aeiai? o iaoae?a, ?icii/eiath/e c 6 i?ny/ii? o?eueiino?, ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith i?eaooeo ia iaeio ia?a?noeo a na?aaeiueiio ia 155 a?i. I?IIICEOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO 1. Aeey caaacia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo oiia i?e?iee?iaoo, i?e aeai?? oaoiieia?? oo?eiaiiy oaa?ei i?aeeiae o ei??aieeao ne?ae aeaooiaoaaoe c eiao?oe??ioii oaieicanai?iiy (EOC) - ia a?eueoa 13,0 Ao/i2 a?aae, no?ie – c eiao?oe??ioii oaieiia?aaea/? 1,28 Ao/i2 a?aae. 2. Aeey caiia?aaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia i?aai?ci oaa?ei anoaeueoi-aaoiiiaeo ? /aaoiii-a?aae/anoeo i?aeeia, ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe iiaa?o ieo aea?aa’yiee ianoee. 3. C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aaeaioaoe?? ei??a aei oiia oo?eiaiiy ia oieiaeieo i?aeeiaao ? ciaioaiiy ?o iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia i?aai?ci oaa?ei oa i?io?eaeoeee ianoeo?a i?iiiio?oueny cae?enithaaoe eiio?ieue ii?oieia?/iiai ? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aeiai?, a oaeiae canoiniaoaaoe ianaae iiei/ii? caeice iaoae?a ii/eiath/e c 6 i?ny/ii? o?eueiino?. Nienie iaoeiaeo ?ia?o iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? 1.Aeaaoy?ueia I.I. I?iaeoeoeai?noue oa caei?ia’y ei??a a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia oo?eiaiiy. //A?niee: I?iaeaie cii?iaeaia??? oa aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie: Iaoe.-oai?aoe/iee aeo?iae. - Oa?e?a: OCA?.- 1997.- Aei. – 2 (26). - N.101-103 2.Aeaaoy?ueia I.I. I?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa yeino? iieiea o ei??a a ia??iae ceiiai-no?eeiaiai oo?eiaiiy //A?niee: I?iaeaie cii?iaeaia??? oa aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie: Iaoe.-oai?aoe/iee aeo?iae. - Oa?e?a: OCA?. - 1997.- Aei. - 2(26). - N.111-112. 3.Aeaaoy?ueia I.I. Aieea oaoiieiai-a?a??i?/ieo cania?a ia caei?ia’y iaoae?a oa iiaeaeueoo caoai?thaai?noue ia?a?noie ianoeoii //I?iaeaie cii?iaeaia??? oa aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie: 3a. iaoe. i?aoeue Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo. -O: OCA?, 1998.- Aei. 3.-N.145-147. 4.Aeaaoy?ueia I.I. Oa?aeoa?enoeea ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae aeueaaiey?iiai aia?aoo aeiai? ia?a?noie i?ae ae??th ianaaeo //I?iaeaie cii?iaeaia??? oa aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie: 3a. iaoe. i?aoeue Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo. -O: OCA?, 1998.- Aei. 3.-N.230-232. 5.Aeaaoy?ueia I.I. Ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiee noaoon iiei/ii? caeice ei??a, ye? oo?eiothoueny ia i?aeeiaao ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e //Aaoa?eia?ia iaaeeoeeia Oe?a?ie.- 1998.-?8.-N.21-22. 6.Aeaaoy?ueia I. i., *i?iee I. A., Oiiaiei A. I., Aieea i?aeeia ??cii? eiino?oeoe?? ia aeueaaiey?iee aiia?ao aeiai? ei??a //Iaoeiaee a?niee iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo/ ?aaeeie.: Ae. I. Iaeueie/oe oa ?i. – E.: 1998. – Aei. 12. – N. 85-87. Aiioaoe?y Aeaaoy?ueia I.I. Aieea ia?aoeiiaeo oaeoi??a ia ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiee noaoon iiei/ii? caeice oa ye?noue iieiea o ei??a. - ?oeiien Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 16.00.06 - aaoa?eia?ia nai?oa??y ? a?a??ia.-Oa?e?anueeee ciiaaoa?eia?iee ?inoeooo, Oa?e?a – 1999. Aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii aieeao i?aeeia ? no?i ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e ? canoinoaaiiy no/anieo nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo cania?a ia i?aeaeuaiiy ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaoono iiei/ii? caeice oa yeino? iieiea o ei??a, caei?ia’y iaoae?a oa iiaeaeueoo i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? ianoeoino?ee?noue ia?a?noie. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii oa oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy ianaaeo aeiai? iaoae?a ? ia?a?noie, ui aeicaiey? o cia/i?e i??? eiiiainoaaoe iaaaoeaiee aieea iani?eyoeeaeo oiia oo?eiaiiy. Canoinoaaiiy aaci?ea’ycii-aieniaiai oo?eiaiiy iaoae?a c i?aai?caoe??th ianaaeo aeiai? ni?ey? a?eueo iiaiiio ?icaeoeo ii?oieia?/ieo, ii?oiiao?e/ieo iciae aeiai?, ui i?aeaeuo? i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? ye?noue iieiea o oaa?ei oa ciaioo? caoai?thaai?noue ?o ianoeoii ia 31,5%. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iiei/ia caeica, iaoae?, ei?iae-ia?a?noee, ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiee noai, eiao?oe??io oaieicanaithaaiiy, iieieia?aeaea/a, ianoeoino?ee?noue. Aiiioaoeey Aeaaoy?aa I.A. Aeeyiea ia?aoeie/aneeo oaeoi?ia ia ii?oiooieoeeiiaeueiue noaoon iiei/iie aeaeacu e ea/anoai iieiea o ei?ia. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?iuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 16.00.06. – aaoa?eia?iay naieoa?ey e aeaeaia. Oa?ueeianeee ciiaaoa?eia?iue einoeooo, Oa?ueeia,1999. Eco/aiu e inaauaiu aii?inu aeeyiey iieia, noai ?aciuo eiino?oeoeee e i?eiaiyaiuo nia?aiaiiuo naieoa?ii-aeaeaie/aneeo n?aaenoa ia ii?oiooieoeeiiaeueiue noaoon iiei/iie aeaeacu e ea/anoai iieiea o ei?ia, caei?iauea iaoaeae e eo aeaeueiaeooth i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, a oaeaea onoie/eainoue e ianoeoai. Yenia?eiaioaeueii enneaaeiaaia e oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaii oeaeaniia?aciinoue i?iaaaeaiey iannaaea auiaie iaoaeae e ia?aioaeie. Yoi eiiiaine?oao iaaaoeaiia aeeyiea iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiuo oneiaee niaea?aeaiey. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aea?aayiiue ianoee iiaa?o anoaeueoiaaoiiiuo e /oaoiii-?aoao/aouo iieia nouanoaaiii nieaeaao eo oaieiiiaeioeoaeueiua naienoaa. I?e yoii caaieaaaaiinoue ianoeoii nieaeaaony ia 31,5%, a ineiaeiaiey i?e ?iaeao – ia 25,5%. Eiino?oeoeaiua eciaiaiey iieia, iooai eo ooaieaiey, iieiaeeoaeueii neacuaathony ia niioiioaiee no?oeoo?iuo yeaiaioia aeueaaiey?iiai aiia?aoa auiaie: ioia/aii oaaee/aiea ieiuaaee iiia?a/iiai ?ac?aca e aeeaiao?a aeueaaie i?e iaeiia?aiaiiii oiaiueoaiee ieiuaaee o?aaaeoe aee?iaie oeaie, a oaeaea oaaee/aiea eiee/anoaa eaeoioeeoia a aeueaaieao, /oi niinianoaoao iiauoaieth oaeiaa ia 4,1%, niaea?aeaiey aee?a a iieiea - ia 7,12%, aaeea ia 5,95%, nooeo aauanoa - ia 2,56% e oiaiueoaieth niiaoe/aneeo eeaoie - ia 33%. Eniieueciaaiea ooaieaiiuo o?aoneieiuo aeaeaciaaoiiiuo noaiiauo iaiaeae niinianoaoao nouanoaaiiiio oeo/oaieth iee?ieeeiaoa iiiauaiee. I?e yoii ono?aiyaony iaaeaaii?eyoiia aeeyiea ia?aoeie/aneeo oaeoi?ia, eiathueo ioeeiiaiey io iniiaiuo ii?iaoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia, /oi iieiaeeoaeueii neacuaaaony ia oeceieiae/aneii ninoiyiee iaoaeae e aeaeueiaeoae i?iaeoeoeaiinoe ia?aioaeie, au?aueaaaiuo a yoeo oneiaeyo. Yoi niinianoaoao iiauoaieth aini?iecaiaeeoaeueiie ooieoeee aeeaioiuo. Oae, ia?aia ieiaeioai?iia inaiaiaiea o oaeie iiuoiie a?oiiu ianooiaao a n?aaeiai ia 34 aeiy ?aiueoa, /ai o naa?noieoe, niaea?aeaueony a iaooaieaiiuo iiiauaieyo. I?aaiecaoeey iannaaea auiaie iaoaeae n oanoe iany/iie noaeueiinoe iaania/eaaao oeo/oaiea ?acaeoey iiei/iie aeaeacu, iiauoaiea eiaeaena iiei/iinoe. O ia?aioaeie iiauoaaony nei?inoue iieieiioaea/e e nie?auaaony eiee/anoai caaieaaaiee ianoeoaie. I?e yoii ioia/aaony eo/oaa niioiioaiea aenoino?oeoo?iuo yeaiaioia ia?aioeiu auiaie: oaaee/eaaaony aeeaiao? aeueaaie e ieiuaaeue iiia?a/iiai n?aca aeueaaiey?iie oeaie i?e iaeiia?aiaiiii oiaiueoaiee ieiuaaee o?aaaeoe n aee?iaie oeaiueth, oaaee/eaaaony e eiee/anoai eaeoioeeoia a aeueaaieao. Iaaeaeo ?acia?aie iiei/iie aeaeacu e aaee/eiie iineaaeothuaai oaeiy onoaiiaeaia iieiaeeoaeueiay ei??aeyoeey. Oaeie ia?aioaeie iiuoiie a?oiiu aue ia 24,2% auoa ii n?aaiaieth n aeeaioiuie eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu. Aaci?eaycii-aieniaia niaea?aeaiea oaeie, iaoaeae e ei?ia n i?aaiecaoeeae iannaaea auiaie aeaao aieaa iuooeiue yooaeo ii ii?oiooieoeeiiaeueiui e i?iaeoeoeaiui ia?aiao?ai. Onoaiiaeaia yeiiiie/aneay yooaeoeaiinoue aiaae?aiey eiino?oeoeee iieia e noai n oeo/oaiiuie oaoiieioaoie/aneeie ea/anoaaie, eioi?ay ninoaaeyao a n?aaeiai ia iaeio ei?iao 96,90 a?eaai a aiae. Aiaae?aiea iannaaea auiaie iaoaeae aeaao i?eaueue a ?acia?a 336,54 a?eaie ia iaeio aieiao. Ia iniiaaiee ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiee i?aaeeaaaaony eniieueciaaoue a neioiaiae/aneeo iiiauaieyo iieu n eiyooeoeeaioii oaieionaiaiey ia aieueoa 13,0 Ao/i2 a?aae, noaiu n eiyooeoeeaioii oaieiia?aaea/e 1,28 Ao/i2 a?aae, /oi iaania/eaaao iaaeaaeioth oaieicaueoo iiiauaiee, i?aaeoi?aaeaeaao auiaaeaiea eiiaeainaoa ia ia?aaeaeaieyo e nieaeaao caaieaaaaiinoue ei?ia ianoeoii. Ia /oaoiii-?aoao/aouo iieao ?aeiiaiaeoaony aeaeaoue aea?aayiiue ianoee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiei/iay aeaeaca, iaoaee, ei?iau-ia?aioaeee, ii?oiooieoeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea, eiyooeoeeaio oaieionaiaiey, iieieiioaea/a, ianoeoionoie/eainoue. Annotation. Degtyryov M.O. Influence of paratypical factors on morphofunctional state of mammary gland and on quality of milk in cows.- Manuscript. The dissertation for the competition of the academic degree “Candidate of Veterinary Science” on speciality 16.00.06. – Veterinary sanitation and zoohygiene.- Kharkiv zooveterinary institute, Kharkiv.- 1999. The results of investigation on the influence of floors and walls of different constructions as well as the use of up-to-date sanitary and hygienic methods on morphofunctional status of mammary gland, milk quality in cows, health of calves as well as the following productivity and resistance to mastitis in first-born cows have been given in the dissertation. The expediency of the use of massage of calf’s udder has been experimentally proved and theoretically subststantiated. It permits to compensate the negative influence of unfavourable conditions of management. The use of unleashed-floored keeping of calves and the organization of udder massage promote better development of morphological, morphometrical and functional signs of udder, that increases productivity and quality of milk in cows and lowers the morbidity of cows with mastitis at 31.5%. Key words: mammary gland, calves, cows giving the first birth, morphofunctional state, coefficient of heat assimilation, milk-giving, mastitis resistance.

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