IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AAeAIAIEI Na?a?e Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 631.8:635:631.95

AIEEA IIAEO EIIIEAENIEO AeIA?EA IA I?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe OIIAO?A A I?AI?*I?E
*ANOEI? E?NINOAIO OE?A?IE

06.01.04 — aa?io?i?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Ee?a –1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeaaeai?e OAAI, aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
iaoe i?ioani? Ai?iaei?e Ieeiea Ieoaeeiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aa?io?i?? oa yeino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? ?i. 0.?. Aeooa/e?ia

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?
Eaaaoeueeee Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/, ?inoeooo aa?iaeieia?? ?
a?ioaoiieia?? OAAI, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi???th aeioieneeieia??
aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee Oooioi I?ia Aieiaeeie??aia, ?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI,
noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo aa?io?i?? ? o?c?ieia?? ?ineei

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oiainueea n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea aeaaeai?y
I?i?noa?noaa AIE, eaoaae?a aa?io?i?? oa a?oioiciaanoaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 30 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 10-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.004.04 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a
Iai?iie, 15, IAO, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 3, aoaeeoi??y 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? IAO, 252041,
Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 11, IAO, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 30 ” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ___________________ Aaeaaaeei A.O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie: A no/anieo iia?oi?o oaoiieia?yo ae?iuoaaiiy
iai/aaeo eoeueoo?, cie?aia oiiao?a, iaiiaeeeai io?eioaaoe noaa?euei?
aenieiye?ni? a?iaea? aac canoinoaaiiy aeieia?/iiaacia/ieo, caaeainiaaieo
eiiieaenieo aeia?ea, ye? a caaacia/oaaee ?ineeie an?ia iaiao?aeieie
a?iaaiieie aeaiaioaie ia i?ioyc? aaaaoaoe??.

Aeey ae??oaiiy oe??? aeooaeueii? i?iaeaie nueiaiaeaiiy, iaie aoee
cai?iiiiiaai? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e io?eiaiiy iiaeo eiiieaenieo
aacoei?ieo aeia?ea a aeae? i?o?iaiioinie (IAOE) – IAOE, IAOE c
a?iaoionii, IAOE c Zn i Cu, IAOE c Cu. Ae?iaieoeoai oeeo aeia?ea iiaeia
ai?iaaaeeoe ia eiaeiiio i?aei?e?inoa?, yea ae?iaey? eiiieaeni? aeia?eaa,
aac cia/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo ci?i ? aeiiii?aeieo eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue.

Aeine?aeii-i?iieneiao ia?o?th oeeo aeia?ea aoei io?eiaii ia AI “Acio”
i.Aei?i?iaeca?aeaeeinueea.

Iia? aeaee i?o?iaiioinie aia?oa a Oe?a?i? aoee canoiniaai? i?ae oiiaoe
ni?oo ?nei?ea ia n??eo e?niaeo a?oioao a i?ai?/i?e /anoei? E?ninoaio.
Aeia?eaa iieacaee naaa ye aeieia?/ii aacia/i?, caaeainiaai?, i?iyaeyee
i?ieiiaiaaio ae?th oa neio?iiiee aoaeo. A?iaeae oiiao?a ca iieacieeaie
yeino? oa ai?noii aaaeeeo iaoae?a iiaeia niiaeeaaoe a aeeoy/iio oa
ae??oe/iiio oa?/oaaii?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue a ?aieao iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie
I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie – “ ?iaeth/?noue –
2000”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue: Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aeaoe
aa?io?i?/io, aeieia?/io ioe?iee oa anoaiiaeoe aia?aaoe/io oa aeiiii?/io
aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy iiaeo aacoei?ieo i?o?iaiioinie (IAOE, IAOE c
a?iaoionii, IAOE c Zn ? Nu; IAOE c Nu). Iioei?coaaoe i?ia?aeueia
aeeaeaiiy oiiao?a iiaeie aeaeaie i?o?iaiioinie ia n??eo e?niaeo a?oioao
i?ai?/ii? /anoeie E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

A i?ia?aio aeine?aeaeaiue aoiaeeei:

1. Aea/eoe aieea iiaeo aacoei?ieo i?o?iaiioinie ia ??oioiao
a?ioo oa aa?io?i?/i? iieacieee n??iai e?niaiai a?oioo.

2. Aeine?aeeoe aieea iiaeo aacoei?ieo i?o?iaiioinie ia iaeiie/aiiy
aaaeeeo iaoae?a a n??iio e?niaiio a?oio?.

3. Anoaiiaeoe iioeiaeueio ii?io aianaiiy iiaeo i?o?iaiioinie aeey
iioei?caoe?? ai?noo NPK a /a?aoeao eenoe?a ? eenoia?e ieanoeioe? oiiao?a
aeey oi?ioaaiiy iioeiaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae aaaaoaoeaieie oa
aaia?aoeaieie i?aaiaie ?ineei.

4. Aeine?aeeoe aieea iiaeo i?o?iaiioinie ia ieiuo eenoiai? iiaa?oi?,
/enoo i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco, aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a
anei?a?iieneaeace, iie?oaiieieneaeace oa anoaiiaeoe oiea?aioi?noue
oiiao?a ni?oo ?nei?ea aei o?oiooi?ico.

5. Aea/eoe aieea iiaeo i?o?iaiioinie ia a?iaeaei?noue, ?? no?oeoo?o,
iieacieee yeino?, ai?no aaaeeeo iaoae?a a ieiaeao oiiao?a ni?oo ?nei?ea.

6. ?ic?aooaaoe aia?aaoe/io oa aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue iiaeo aacoei?ieo
i?o?iaiioinie i?e ae?iuoaaii? oiiao?a ia n??eo e?niaeo a?oioao i?ai?/ii?
/anoeie e?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue: Aia?oa a Oe?a?i? aoee
?ic?iaeai? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e io?eiaiiy iiaeo aeae?a aacoei?ieo
i?o?i-aiioinie (IAOE, IAOE c a?iaoionii, IAOE c Zn ? Nu; IAOE c Nu),
e??i oeueiai aoee aia?oa c?iaeai? aa?io?i?/ia, aeieia?/ia ioe?iee, oa
?ic?aoiaai? aia?aaoe/ia, aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue iiaeo i?o?iaiioinie,
anoaiiaeaii iioeiaeueio ii?io aianaiiy oeeo aeia?ea i?ae oiiaoe ni?oo
?nei?ea ia n??eo e?niaeo a?oioao i?ai?/ii? /anoeie E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe: Oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e io?eiaiiy iiaeo
aeae?a aacoei?ieo i?o?iaiioinie aoee ai?iaaaeaeaii? ia AI “Acio” i.
Aei?i?iaeca?aeeinueea oa io?eiaii aeine?aeii-i?iieneiao ia?o?th oeeo
aeia?ea — IAOE, IAOE c a?iaoionii, IAOE c Zn ? Nu; IAOE c Nu. Ia iniia?
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue aoee c?iaeai? i?iiiceoe??
ae?iaieoeoao ii canoinoaaiith iiaeo aacoei?ieo i?o?iaiioinie i?ae oiiaoe
ia n??eo e?niaeo a?oioao i?ai?/ii? /anoeie E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.
Ai?iaaaeaeaii oe? i?iiiceoe?? ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoaao Oe?a?ie: a ?aaeaini? «Aaeeeiaeeia?nueeee» Ee?anueei?
iaeano? (1995 ??e) oa a OIA “A?ioao” Ee?anueei? iaeano? (1996-1997
?ieao). ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iieacaee a?eueo aenieo aoaeoeai?noue
iiaeo aacoei?ieo i?o?iaiioinie.

Aeaeea?aoe?y iniaenoiai aianeo: Eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aenia?eiaioe, iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy c iiaeie i?o?iaiioineaie aoee
c?iaeai? iniaenoi aeena?oaioii. Aeaia aa?io?i?/ia, aeieia?/ia ioe?iee oa
?ic?aoiaaia aia?aaoe/ia oa aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue a?ae canoinoaaiiy
iiaeo i?o?iaiioinie, ?ic?iaeai? i?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao ii
aeei?enoaiith iiaeo aeae?a aeia?ea i?e ae?iuoaaii? oiiao?a ni?oo ?nei?ea
ia n??eo e?niaeo a?oioao i?ai?/ii? /anoeie E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

Oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e io?eiaiiy iiaeo aeae?a aacoei?ieo i?o?iaiioinie
(IAOE, IAOE c a?iaoionii, IAOE c Zn ? Nu; IAOE c Nu) aoee ?ic?iaeai?
aee-na?oaioii a ni?aaaoi?noa? c iaoeiaoeyie Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo — aeaaeai?eii OAAI, i?ioani?ii I.I. Ai?iaei?i, i?ioani?ii
I.I. Aiaeio?oaii, aeieoi?ii oaoi?/ieo iaoe ?.O. Ioey?/oeii, aeioeaioii
A.A.Aee?iei.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa i?e i?aeaioiaoe? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
neeaaea? ia iaioa 80 a?aenioe?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe: Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aoee i?aaenoaaeai?
ia II c’?cae? Oe?a?inueeiai oiaa?enoaa o?c?ieia?a ?ineei (Ee?a, 1993),
ia eiioa?aioe?? «Aeieia?y Iie?nny: i?iaeaie, no/ani?noue, iaeaooi?»
(Eooeuee, 1993); ia i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? «Aeieiiaa?ney i?aaie/aneeo
iooiaeia e io?aia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu” (Eeaa, 1994); ia i?aeia?iaei?e
ia?aae? «Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy o?c?ieia?? ?ineei a aniaeo? aeieia?/ieo
i?iaeai» (*a?i?aoe?, 1995); ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo oa ani??aio?a oaeoeueoaoo
aa?io?i?? oa a?oioiciaanoaa Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(Ee?a,1997), ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/ai?e 100-??//th Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa
75-??//th eaoaae?e aa?io?i?? oa yeino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
i?iaeoeoe?? ?i.I.?.Aeooa/i?ea. (Ee?a,1998).

Ioae?eaoe??: Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe: Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
iaeeiaaeoeyoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, i?iiiceoe?e ae?iaieoeoao, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 175 noi??ieao,
i?noeoue 33 oaaeeoe?, 5 ?enoie?a, 3 aeiaeaoee. Aei nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae aoiaeeoue 300 iaeiaioaaiue, c ieo 33 -?iicaiieo.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? ue?o aaey/i?noue ea??aieeo aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeaaeai?eo OAAI, i?ioani?o I.I. Ai?iaeiueiio, i?ioani?o I.I. Aiaeio?oao,
aeieoi?o oaoi?/ieo iaoe ?.O. Ioey?/oeo, aeioeaioo A.A. Aee?io oa an?i
eieaaai ? ni?a?ia?oieeai eaoaae?e aa?io?i?? oa yeino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? ?i. I.?.Aeooa/e?ia Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aeiiiiiao i?e aeeiiai-i? aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe.

INIIAIA *ANOEIA

IA’?EOE, OIIAE OA IAOIAeEEA I?IAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue a ?aaeaini? «Aaeeeiaeeia?nueeee»
A?iaa?nueeiai ?aeiio Ee?anueei? iaeano? ia i?ioyc? 1992-1994 ?ie?a.
A?oio aeine?aeii? ae?eyiee – n??ee e?niaee e?oiiiieeoaaoee
eaaeinoaeeieiaee ia ean?. Ai?no aoiono a i?iiio oa?? – 2.0%,
eaaeia?ae?ie?ciaaiiai acioo – 60.0, ?ooiiiai oinoi?o – 153.0, iai?iiiai
eae?th – 98.0 ia/ea a?oioo, ?I(KCl) – 6.0, a?ae?ie?oe/ia eeneioi?noue –
3.0 ia-aea/100 a a?oioo, i?noe?noue eao?iiiiai iai?io – 20.8 ia-aea/100
a a?oioo.

A aeine?ae? aeei?enoiaoaaee o?aaeeoe?ei? aeia?eaa: oei?io i?o?iaiioineo-
N-17%, P2O5 –17%, K2O – 17%, ai?a/io nae?o?o – N — 34.5%, i?inoee
a?aioeueiaaiee noia?oinoao — P2O5 –19.5%, eae?eio n?eue — K2O – 40% oa
iia? aeaee aacoei?ieo i?o?iaiioinie (oaae. 1.).

Ni?o oiiao?a ?nei?ea a?o/eciyii? naeaeoe??, aeaaaeaiee ia Ee?anuee?e
iai/aai-ea?oiieyi?e aeine?aei?e noaioe??, aeaoa?i?iaioiee ?aii?e
?aeiiiaaiee a Ee?anuee?e iaeano?.

Iiaiaei? oiiae ia ia??iae i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue a oe?eiio aoee
ni?eyoeea? aeey ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo oiiao?a. Oaiia?aoo?a iia?o?y
a?aeiia?aeaea a?ieia?/iei aeiiaai oiiao?a. Iecuee? oaiia?aoo?e aoee ia
i?ioyc? o?ueio aeaeaae o?aaiy a 1992 ?ioe? (+12.4, +13.5, +11.10 N ), ui
ieae/a iioeiaeueii? (+23 — +250N ). A?aeiinia aieia?noue iia?o?y aoea
ni?eyoeeaa aeey oiiao?a, eeoa a 1992 ?ioe? a o?ao?o aeaeaaeao o?aaiy,
/a?aiy, eeiiy, na?iiy noaiiaeea a?aeiia?aeii — 88, 82, 87, 84%, ui aoei
aeua iioeiaeueii? (60-70%). Noia iiaae?a, ui aeiaee ca aaaaoaoe?ei?
ia??iaee a 1992 ?ioe? noaiiaeea 401.3 ii, a 1993 ?ioe?- 407.5 ii, a 1994
?ioe? – 468.1 ii, ui aoei ieae/a na?aaeiueiai aaaaoi??/iiai — 498.0 ii.

Iieueiaee aeine?ae c oiiaoaie aoa caeeaaeaiee a o?ueioe?aoiio
iiaoi?aii?. Ieiua iinaaeeiaeo ae?eyiie — 126, iae?eiaeo — 67 i2.
?ici?uaiiy aa??aio?a – nenoaiaoe/ia. Noaia aeine?aeo iaaaaeaia a oaae.
3. Ca eiio?ieue aoei acyoi o?aaeeoe?eio oei?io i?o?iaiioineo
(N60?90K90). Aeia?eaa aiineee i?ae ?aiiueiaaniyio i?aieo.

Noaiaea?oio ?icnaaeo oiiao?a aenaaeaeoaaee a ei?iiai-iai/aa?e
n?aici?i?:

1. Iceia ioaieoey; 2. Eaionoa; 3. Oiiaoe; 4. Noieia? ei?aiaieiaee; 5.
Eoeo?oaeca ia neein. Oaoiieia?y ae?iuoaaiiy oiiao?a aoea
caaaeueiii?eeiyoa aeey aeaiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Iae?e a?iaeath i?iaiaeeee
iaoiaeii nooe?eueiiai cai?o ieiae?a c iae?eiai? ieiu? a aeaa aoaie.

A?aea?? ? i?aeaioiaeo aeia?ea, a?oioo, ?ineei aei aiae?co oa ?o aiae?c
i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii iaoiaeee, ye? aeeeaaeai? a e?oa?aoo??: Aa?ioeie/aneee
aiaeec.

I?aeoeeoi./ I.I. Ai?iaeiee, A.A. Na?aethe, A.I. Aea?aayi/oe (1985);
Aa?io?i?y. Eaai?aoi?iee i?aeoeeoi/A.I. E?niaae, O.I. Aeaaeaeaiei, A.I.
Iien??iei (1994); I?aeoeeoi ii aa?ioeiee /A.A. ssaiaeei, E.I. Aea?thaei,
TH.I. AEoeia e ae?. (1987); I?aeoeeoi ii aa?ioeiee /Iiae ?aae.
A.A.Ieiaaaa (1989). Ai?no aaaeeeo iaoae?a a ia’?eoao aeine?aeaeaiue
aecia/aee iaoiaeii aoiiii-aani?aoe?eii? niaeo?ioioiiao??? ia
niaeo?ioioiiao?? “N-600” oa iaoiaeii o?iiaoia?ao?? a oiieiio oa??
aaeni?-aaioo c aeei?enoaiiyi ieanoeiie c oiieei oa?ii aaeni?aaioo ENE
“Silufol”.

*enaeuei?noue iniiaieo aeieiai-o?io?/ieo a?oi i?e?ii?aai?ci?a a a?oio?
aecia/aee oeyoii iin?ao ia i’yni-iaioiiiiio aaa??, aaeoa??e, ui
ooee?cothoue acio i?ia?aeueieo niieoe — ia e?ioiaeueii-ai?a/iiio aaa??,
ye? ?iceeaaeathoue oeaetheico ia na?aaeiaeu? Aao/einiia, i?e?ii?oeaoe —
ia na?aaeiaeu? *aiaea, no?aioii?oeaoe — ia e?ioiaeueii-ai?a/iiio aaa??.
*enaeuei?noue acioiaaeoa?o anoaiiaethaaee ca ?ioaineai?noth ia?inoaiiy
a?oaei/ie, ui ?iceeaeenue ia na?aaeiaeu? Aoa?. Eaoaeacio aeoeai?noue
a?oioo aecia/aee ca ?.N. Eaoeiaeueniiii ? A.A. ??oiaei, i?ioaacio — ca
Aioiaiii, ieiuo eenoiai? iiaa?oi? aecia/aee iaoiaeii aen?/ie, /enoo
i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco ca iaoiaeii Ia/eii?iae/a. Aeoeai?noue
oa?iaio?a, anei?a?iieneaeace oa iie?oaiieieneaeace aecia/aee ca
iaoiaeeeaie, ye? aeeeaaeai? a eiec? “Iaoiaeu aeioeie/aneiai aiaeeca
?anoaiee” O.I. Ii/eiea (1976).

Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeii
aeenia?-n?eiiai aiae?co. Aeiiii?/io oa aia?aaoe/io aoaeoeai?noue
canoinoaaiiy eiiieae-nieo aeia?ea aecia/aee ca?aeii “Eino?oeoeee e
ii?iaoeaia ii ii?aaeaeaieth yeiiiie/aneie e yia?aaoe/aneie yoaeoeaiinoe
i?eiaiaiey oaeia?aiee” (1987).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

IO?EIAIIss IIAEO EIIIEAENIEO AACOEI?IEO AeIA?EA

Aeia?eaa io?eiai? a eiiieaen? acioiieeneioii? ia?a?iaee aiaoeoiaiai
eiioeaio?aoo oa aeae?eaiiyi i?o?aoo eaeueoe?th c aeoyaeee
aeii?iaeoaaiiyi. Ca o?ceei-o?i?/ieie iieacieeaie aeia?eaa
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai OO (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1 — O?ceei-o?i?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea iiaeo aeae?a
i?o?iaiioinie

IieacieeeIaee-ieoe?

aei?-?oIAOE

aacoei?iaIAOE

aacoei?ia

c a?iao-ioniiIAOE

aacoei?ia c Zn, CuIAOE

aacoei?ia

c CuIaniaee ai?no :

— acioo

— oinoi?o (?2I5)

— eae?th (E2I)

— n??ee

— eaeueoe?th (NaI)

— a?iaoiono

— i?ae?

— oeeieo

— aiaee

pI

A?aioei-iao?e/iee

neeaae:

— o?aeoe??

2 — 4 ii

— o?aeoe??

4 — 6 ii

— o?aeoe??

iaioa 2 ii

Ciai?oi?e

aeaeyae

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

13

11

25

4,1

3,0

ia a?eueoa 1

4,5-5

ia iaioa

80

ia a?eueoa 10

ia a?eueoa

10

a?aioee na?oein?-?iai eieuei?o

12

10

24

4,1

3,0

7,5 + 0,5

ia a?eueoa 1

4,5-5

ia iaioa

80

ia a?eueoa

10

ia a?eueoa

10

a?aioee /i?iiai eieuei?o

13

10

22

4,1

3,0

0,3

0,3

ia a?eueoa 1

4,5-5

ia iaioa

80

ia a?eueoa 10

ia a?eueoa

10

a?aioee a?eiai eieuei?o c n??oaaoei a?aeo?ieii

13

11

25

4,1

3,0

0,3

ia a?eueoa 1

4,5-5

ia iaioa

80

ia a?eueoa 10

ia a?eueoa

10

a?aioee a?eiai eieuei?o c n??oaaoei a?aeo?ieii

Iniaeea?noue oaoiieia?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui i?e aeaioiaeaii? IAOE c
aeii?oeaie, a?iaoion ?ici??ii /anoi/ie 1-3 ii ? oeaie c i?e?iaeaiaioaie
ci?ooaaee c iaeo?ae?ciaaiith NPK — ioeueiith ia?aae ?? a?aioethaaiiyi a
aa?a-aaiiiio a?aioeyoi?? nooa?oe?. Aeaea?aeaie aeaoaai? ne?iaeie oeeieo
? i?ae? aoee a?aeoiaee ae?iaieoeoaa ieao aeine?aeiiai caaiaeo ?inoeoooo
aeaeo?icaa?thaaiiy IAI Oe?a?ie oa A?oai?anueeiai caaiaeo c ia?a?iaee
eieuei?iaeo iaoae?a, c yeeo aeaea-eai? oiene/i? iaoaee. I?e?iaeaiaioe
oeeie ? i?aeue a neeaae? i?o?iaiioinee ciaoi-aeyoueny o aeaeyae?
oeeo?aoi?ic/eiieo niieoe (Me2+NH4PO4·nH2O). ?acoeueoaoe ae-cia/aiiy
ai?noo aaaeeeo iaoae?a o aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeia?eaao iaaaaeaiee a oaae.
2.

Oaaeeoey 2 — Ai?no aaaeeeo iaoae?a a aeia?eaao, ye? aeine?aeaeoaaeenue,
ia/ea

Iacaa aeia?eaOeeieI?aeueEiaaeueoI?eaeue?oooueEaaei?eIAOE
oei?ia64256511100.5IAOE aacoei?ia301570101Ia ciaeaeaiiIAOE aacoei?ia c
a?iaoionii1608010088Ia ciaeaeaiiIAOE aacoei?ia c Zn ?
Nu30003000100107Ia ciaeaeaii

?ic?iaeai? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e ae?iaieoeoaa eiiieaenieo aeia?ea c
i?e?iaeaiaioaie oa a?iaoionii iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ia ae?th/eo
i?aei?e?ino-aao, ye? ae?iaeythoue eiiieaeni? aeia?eaa aac cia/ieo
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue.

AIEEA EIIIEAENIEO AeIA?EA IA I?E?IOEI?O N??IAI E?NIAIAI A?OIOO

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui i?o?iaiioinee oei?ia oa aacoei?ia
iaiaeiaeiai aieeaaee ia ?icaeoie a?oioiai? a?ioe n??iai e?niaiai a?oioo.

*enaeuei?noue aaeoa??e, ye? ooee?cothoue acio i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo
niieoe ia eiio?ie? (IAOE oei?ia N60?90K90), noaiiaeea 7.4 ? 11.9 iei./1a
a?oioo, a ia aa??aioao c aacoei?ieie IAOE c Zn ? Nu; IAOE c Nu ?o ai?no
a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaea 9.5, 19.1 ? 9.1, 17.6 iei./1a a?oioo. Ai?no
acioiaaeoa?o ia eiio?ie? noaiiaea 4% ia?inoaiiy a?oaei/ie, a ia
aa??aioao c IAOE c a?iaoionii, IAOE c Zn ? Nu; IAOE c Nu eiai ai?no
ca?eueooaaany a?aeiia?aeii a 9, 6 ? 3 ?ace. Iia? eiiieaeni? aeia?eaa
IAOE c Zn ? Nu; IAOE c Nu (N90?130K130) oaeiae i?aeaeuoaa-ee eaoaeacio,
i?ioaacio oa acioo?enoth/o aeoeai?noue a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai. Oea
iia’ycaii c oei, ui iia? aacoei?i? aeia?eaa, aei neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeyoue
aeiaaaee a?i-aoiono, oeeieo, i?ae?, ni?eythoue aeoeaiiio ?icaeoeo
a?oioiai? a?ioe a n??iio e?niaiio a?oio?. Ia iaoo aeoieo, oei?, ui
aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo o?aaeeoe?eii? i?o?i-aiioinee, i?eai?/o? ?o
?icaeoie.

AIEEA EIIIEAENIEO AeIA?EA IA AA?IO?I?*I? IIEACIEEE

N??IAI E?NIAIAI A?OIOO

Ai?no aiii?eiiai ? i?o?aoiiai acioo a a?oio? caeaaeaa a?ae ii?ie
aeia?ea oa ia??iae?a ?icaeoeo oiiao?a (oaae. 3).

A ia??iae iiaiiai i?eaeeaaiiy ?icnaaee aei ia??iaeo ianiaiai oea?o?iiy
oiiao?a ai?no aiii?eiiai ? i?o?aoiiai acioo a oa?? a?oioo 0-20 ni
c?inoaa. I?e ianiaiio oea?o?ii? ? aeaioia?e noeaeino? ?o ai?no
cieaeoaaany, a a ia??iae oaoi?/ii? noeaeino? iaeaea aeinyaaa
iiia?aaeiueiai ??aiy. Ia aa??aio? c IAOE c a?iaoionii (N90?130K130) a
ia??iaee aooii?caoe?? ? oaoi?/ii? noeaeino? ai?no noie aiii?eiiai ?
i?o?aoiiai acioo a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaea 31.6 ? 36.1 ia/ea a?oioo, ui aeua
eiio?ieth. Niinoa??aa?oueny aiaeia?/ia oaiaeaioe?y uiaei ai?noo oa
aeeiai?ee ai?noo eaaeia?ae?ie?ciaaiiai acioo. A ia??iae aaaaoaoe??
oiiao?a iaea?eueoa eaaeia?ae?ie?ci-aaiiai acioo aoei ia aa??aio? c IAOE
c a?iaoionii N90?130K130. Ai?no ?ooiiiai oinoi?o oa iai?iiiai eae?th
ciaiooaaany aei ia??iaeo oaoi?/ii? noeaeino? oiiao?a. A ia??iae
oaoi?/ii? noeaeino? ?o ai?no iinooiiai ca?eueooaaany, ui iia’ycaii c
iaeei niiaeeaaiiyi oeeo aeaiaio?a ?ineeiaie oa ?aooee?caoe??th ?o c
aaaaoaoeaieo i?aai?a a ieiaee. Aeei?enoaiiy an?o aeae?a i?o?iaiioinie ia
ni?eyei iaeiie/ai-ith ?ooiieo oi?i aaaeeeo iaoae?a — oeeieo, i?ae?,
eiaaeueoo, ?ooo? a a?oio? aeua AAeE.

Oaaeeoey 3 — Ai?no eaaeia?ae?ie?ciaaiiai acioo, ?ooiiiai oinoi?o,
iai?iiiai eae?th a oa?? 0-20 ni,

ia/ea iia?o?yii-nooiai a?oioo. Na?aaei? ca 1992-1994 ?iee

Aa??aioe aeine?aeoIa??iae iiaiiai i?eaeeaaiiy ?icnaaeeIa??iae ianiaiai
oea?o?iiyIa??iae aeaioiai? noeaeino?Ia??iae oaoi?/ii? noeaeino?N
eaaeia?ae?.?2I5E2IN eaaeia?ae?.?2I5E2IN eaaeia?ae?.?2I5E2IN
eaaeia?ae?.?2I5E2IIAOE oei?ia N60?90E90 – eiio?ieue
10518011087.01368653.01388067.0156105IAOE oei?ia N90?130E130
121195135110.014212070.014511082.0168130IAOE aacoei?ia N60?90E90
10518011187.01358553.01398167.0160105IAOE aacoei?ia N90?130E130
122193136115.014112173.014611185.1167129IAOE aacoei?ia c a?iaoionii
N60?90E90 10718411290.01368653.01428167.5163105IAOE aacoei?ia c
a?iaoionii N90?130E130 125193138120.014512278.014811190.0165130IAOE
aacoei?ia c Zn, Cu N60?90E90 10718111287.11358653.31418167.2158104IAOE
aacoei?ia c Zn, Cu N90?130E130
122193138120.614412177.414611185.3170130IAOE aacoei?ia c Cu N60?90E90
10618311286.01358656.01418167.2157104IAOE aacoei?ia c Cu N90?130E130
123194139121.014312173.114511085.1169129

AIEEA EIIIEAENIEO AeIA?EA IA AI?NO NPK A AAAAOAOEAIEO I?AAIAO ? IEIAeAO

Aeine?aeaeoaaeenue /a?aoee eenoe?a, eenoia? ieanoeiee oa ieiaee oiiao?a
ye i?aaie, ui aeathoue iaea?eueo iiaio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i caaacia/ai?noue
?ineei aea-iaioaie aeeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui acioo ? eae?th
i?noeoueny a?eueoa a /a?aoeao eenoe?a, a oinoi?o — a eenoia?e
ieanoeioe?. Ii?ie aianaiiy eiiieaen-ieo aeia?ea aieeaaee ia
caaacia/ai?noue ?ineei aeaiaioaie aeeaeaiiy. I?e aia-naii? IAOE c
a?iaoionii (N90?130K130) ai?no caaaeueiiai acioo a /a?aoeao eenoe?a
oiiao?a aoa a?eueoee ia i?ioyc? anueiai ia??iaeo aaaaoaoe?? a ii??aiyii?
c IAOE aacoei?iith; IAOE c Zn ? Nu; IAOE c Nu. A ia??iae aooii?caoe??
oiiao?a ai?no caaaeueiiai acioo ia aa??aio? c IAOE c a?iaoionii
(N90?130K130) noaiiaea 5.20%, a ia??iae oea?o?iiy – 5.30%, a ia??iae
aeaioiai? noeaeino? – 5.32%, a ia??iae oaoi?/ii? noeaeino? – 4.85%, a ia
aa??aio? c IAOE aacoei?iith eiai ai?no aoa – 5.11, 5.27, 5.32, 4.83 %
a?aeiia?aeii. Ai?no oinoi?o ? eae?th a /a?aoeao eenoe?a oiiao?a
ci?ithaaany i?ioyaii aaaaoaoe?? aiaeia?/ii acioo. Iaeea ieiae?a oiiao?a
a ia??iae oaoi?/ii? noeaeino? i?ioiaeea a iniiaiiio ca ?aooiie
?aooee?caoe?? c aaaaoaoeaieo i?aai?a. Aoei anoaiiaeaii iacia/ia
ciaioaiiy ai?noo i?o?aoiiai acioo a ieiaeao i?e canoinoaaii? IAOE
oei?ii? (N90?130K130) a ii??aiyii? c oaeeie ae ii?iaie aacoei?ieo IAOE.
Ia aa??aio? c IAOE c Zn ? Nu ai?no i?o?aoiiai acioo noaiiaea 54.7
ia/ea, a ia aa??aio? c IAOE oei?iith – 48.0 ia/ea ne?i? ianiai? /anoee
ieiae?a. Iiaeeeai, oea iaoiiaeaii aeaeo?inoaoe/iith aca?iiae??th
oei?eae?a ? i?o?ao?a.

AIEEA I?O?IAIIOINIE IA AEOEAI?NOUe OA?IAIO?A ANEI?A?IIENEAeACE OA
IIE?OAIIEIENEAeACE

Iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacothoue, ui eiiieaeni? aeia?eaa, ye?
aea/aeenue, ia a iaeiaeia?e i??? i?aeaeuoaaee aeoeai?noue
anei?a?iieneaeace ? iie?oaiieieneaeace (oaae. 4.).

Oaaeeoey 4 — Aieea i?o?iaiioinie ia aeoeai?noue anei?a?iineeaeace ?
iie?oaiieieneaeace

( i?e?iiieue AE, ui ieeneeeanue ca 1 oa. i?e 200 ia 1a ne?i? ianiai?
/anoee ?ineei). Na?aaei? ca 1992-1994 ?iee.

Ia??iaee ?inoo ? ?icaeoeoAa??aioe
aeine?aeoAooii?caoe??Oea?o?iiyAeaioiai? noeaeio?Oaoi?/ii?
noeaeino?Anei?a?i-

ieneaeacaIie?oaiie-ieneaeacaAnei?a?i-ieneaeacaIie?oaiie-ieneaeacaAnei?a?
i-ieneaeacaIie?oaiie-ieneaeacaAnei?a?i-ieneaeacaIie?oaiie-ieneaeacaIAOE
oei?ia N60?90E90-

eiio?ieue5.816.48.150.04.018.63.014.9IAOE oei?ia N90?130E130
6.017.09.056.04.419.63.615.8IAOE aacoei?ia N90?130E130
6.318.09.056.05.021.04.017.3IAOE aacoei?ia c a?iaoionii N60?90E90
7.521.010.058.05.827.04.819.0IAOE aacoei?ia c a?iaoionii N90?130E130
8.122.011.861.56.829.05.819.8IAOE aacoei?ia c Zn, Cu N60?90E90
7.320.010.060.06.030.05.119.1IAOE aacoei?ia c Zn, Cu N90?130E130
8.022.011.061.37.034.06.020.0IAOE aacoei?ia c Nu N60?90E90
7.321.09.660.06.031.05.319.0IAOE aacoei?ia c Nu N90?130E130
8.222.010.860.86.934.05.920.0

A ia??iae aooii?caoe?? iaeaeua aeoeai?noue anei?a?iieneaeace ?
iie?-oaiieieneaeace aoea ia aa??aioao, aea canoiniaoaaee iia? eiiieaeni?
aeia?eaa a ii?i? (N90?130K130). Ia aa??aioao c IAOE c a?iaoionii ?o
aeoeai?noue noaiiaeea — 8.2 ? 22.0, c IAOE c Zn2+ ? Nu2+ — 8.0, 22.0,
c IAOE c Nu2+ — 8.2, 22.0, a ia aa??aio? c IAOE oei?iith — 6.0 ? 17.0
i?e?iiieue anei?a?iiai? eeneioe, ui ieeneeeanue ca 1 oa. i?e 20 0N ia 1a
ne?i? ianiai? /anoee ?ineei. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeiaaaee aei i?o?iaiioinie
a?iaoiono, a yeiio i?noeoueny a?ae 20 aei 30 ia/ea i?ae? a oaeaoi?e
oi?i? ? i?ae?, yea i?noeoueny a a?aioeao aeia?eaa o aeaeyae?
oeeo?aoi?ic/eiieo nieae, eaoae?co? aeoeai?noue ieenii-a?aeiiaieo
oa?iaio?a anei?a?iieneaeace ? iie?oaiieieneaeace.

AIEEA EIIIEAENIEO AeIA?EA IA A?IAEAEI?NOUe, ssE?NOUe OA AI?NO AAAEEEO
IAOAE?A A IEIAeAO OIIAO?A

Iaea?eueoee a?iaeae oiiao?a aei 10 aa?aniy aoa io?eiaiee ia aa??aioao,
aea canoiniaoaaee iia? eiiieaeni? aeia?eaa a ii?i? (N90?130K130)
(oaae.5.). Oae, i?e aianaii? IAOE c Zn ? Nu a?iaeaei?noue noaiiaeea
38.2 o/aa, IAOE c Nu — 38.0 o/aa, IAOE c a?iaoionii — 37.7 o/aa. I?e
aianaii? IAOE a ii?i? (N60?90K90) iaea?eueoo a?iaeaei?noue oiiao?a
(36.7, 36.4, 36.2 o/aa) io?eiaii ia aa??aioao — IAOE c Zn ? Nu, IAOE c
Nu, IAOE c a?iaoionii, ui ia?aaeuoaaei ia 4.7, 4.4, 4.2 o/aa eiio?ieue.
Aiae?c no?oeoo?e a?iaeaeiino? oiiao?a iieacaa, ui ii?ia aianaiiy aeia?ea
N90?130K130 ca?eueooaaea e?euee?noue ianoaiaea?oieo ieiae?a.

Iaeaeu? iieacieee yeino? ieiae?a aoee ia aa??aioao, aea canoiniaoaaee
IAOE c Nu, IAOE c a?iaoionii, IAOE c Zn ? Nu, aeei?enoai? a ii?i?
(N60?90K90). Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui canoinoaaiiy iiaeo eiiieaenieo
aac-oei?ieo aeia?ea ia n??eo e?niaeo a?oioao a ii?i? N60?90K90 aea?
iiaeeea?noue io?eioaaoe noaa?euei? a?iaea? oiiao?a aeniei? yeino?, ye?
ie i?iiiio?ii aeei-?enoiaoaaoe aeey aeeoy/iai, ae??oe/iiai oa
e?eoaaeueiiai oa?/oaaiiy.

Ai?no aaaeeeo iaoae?a (oaae. 6) ia an?o aa??aioao, aea canoiniaoaaee
oei?i? oa aacoei?i? eiiieaeni? aeia?eaa, ia ia?aaeuoaaa
iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? aeiiae ? nai?oa?i? ii?ie, anoaiiaeai? IIC Oe?a?ie aei
iai/aaeo eoeueoo?.Oaaeeoey 5 — Aieea iiaeo eiiieaenieo aeia?ea ia
a?iaeaei?noue oa ye?noue oiiao?a ni?oo ?nei?ea. Na?aaei? ca 1992-1994
?iee

Aa??aioe aeine?aeo A?iaeae-i?noue, o/aaCooa ?a/iaeia, %Caa.eene.% ,
n.i./.

Noia a?aeiiae. oeoe??a, %,n.i./. Oeoe?./Een-eioEa?ioei, ia/ea
n.i./.Anei?a?-iiaa een. ia/ea ne?i? i./.N-NI3, ia/ea ne?i? i. /.IAOE
oei?ia N60?90E90

— eiio?ieue32.05.40.772.323.017.6215.045.0IAOE oei?ia
N90?130E13036.36.00.732.313.125.0206.048.0IAOE aacoei?ia
N60?90E9034.85.60.702.453.519.0238.047.8IAOE aacoei?ia
N90?130E13037.26.10.652.533.925.4226.053.1IAOE aacoei?ia c a?iaoionii
N60?90E9036.25.80.702.493.522.6229.048.9IAOE aacoei?ia c a?iaoionii
N90?130E13037.76.20.652.543.922.6213.054.0IAOE aacoei?ia c Zn, Cu
N60?90E9036.75.50.692.643.822.0225.051.0IAOE aacoei?ia c Zn, Cu
N90?130E13038.26.20.662.383.624.6212.054.7IAOE aacoei?ia c Cu
N60?90E9036.45.60.682.683.921.0243.051.2IAOE aacoei?ia c Cu
N90?130E13038.06.20.642.634.123.0228.054.6IIP 0.05 – 1.2 o/aa

Sx — 0.286%

Oaaeeoey 6 — Ai?no aaaeeeo iaoae?a a ieiaeao oiiao?a ni?oo ?nei?ea,
ia??iae oaoi?/ii? noeaeino?, (ia/ea nooi? ianiai? /anoee) Na?aaei? ca
1992-1994 ?iee

Aa??aioe aeine?aeo

Oeeie

I?aeue

Eiaaeueo

I?eaeueIAOE oei?ia

N60?90E90- eiio?ieue10.01.50.121.5IAOE aacoei?ia

N60?90E906.51.00.102.5IAOE aacoei?ia

N90?130E1307.05.00.171.5IAOE aacoei?ia c a?iaoionii
N90?130E1306.23.00.192.5IAOE aacoei?ia c Zn, Cu N90?130E130
6.04.00.101.5

A?IAIA?AAOE*IA OA AEIIII?*IA AOAEOEAI?NOUe

CANOINOAAIIss EIIIEAENIEO AeIA?EA

I?E AE?IUOAAII? OIIAO?A

?ic?aooiee aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iieacothoue, ui iaeaeu?
eiao?oe??ioe ei?enii? ae?? – 1.07, 1.00, 0.96 aoee io?eiai? ia aa??aioao
aea canoiniaoaaee IAOE c Zn ? Nu, IAOE c Nu, IAOE c a?iaoionii a ii?i?
(N60?90K90). Iaeaeu? ??ai? ?aioaaaeueiino? – 134%, 125% aoee io?eiai? ia
aa??aioao i?e aianaii? IAOE c Zn ? Nu, IAOE c Nu a ii?i? (N60?90K90).

AENIIAEE

Ia iniia? iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeia c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

?ic?iaeai? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e io?eiaiiy iiaeo aeae?a aacoei?ieo
aeia?ea: IAOE, IAOE c i?e?iaeaiaioaie (oeeieii ? i?aeaeth, i?aeaeth), c
a?iaoionii.

Iia? aeaee aacoei?ieo i?o?iaiioinie ? aeia?eaaie i?ieiiaiaaii? ae?? c
neio-?iiiei aoaeoii, ye? iathoue iioeiaeueia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
iae?iaeaiaio?a — 1:0.9:1.8 oa i?noyoue i?e?iaeaiaioe: Zn — 0.3%, Cu —
0.3 %, a?iaoion — 7-8 %. Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo aacoei?ieo i?o?iaiioinie
ca?eueoo? /enaeuei?noue ??oioi-ai? a?ioe: acioiaaeoa?o,
oeaetheici?oeioth/eo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a, ooee?coth/eo acio i?aai?/ieo ?
i?ia?aeueieo niieoe.

Ia n??eo e?niaeo a?oioao aacoei?i? i?o?iaiioinee i?aeaeuoaaee eaoaeacio
ae-oeai?noue ia 115-123%, i?ioaacio aeoeai?noue — ia 136-283% ?
acioo?enoth/o ae-oeai?noue a?oioo — ia 623%.

Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo i?o?iaiioinie (IAOE, IAOE c a?iaoionii, IAOE c
oeeieii ? i?aeaeth, IAOE c i?aeaeth) ia i?ecaiaeeei aei iaeiie/aiiy
aaaeeeo iaoae?a a a?oio? aeua a?aie/ii aeiionoeieo eiioeaio?aoe?e.

Aeei?enoaiiy IAOE c a?iaoionii a ii?i? N60P90K90 i?ecaiaeeei aei
ca?eueoai-iy ai?noo acioo, oinoi?o ? eae?th a /a?aoeao eenoe?a, eenoia?e
ieanoeioe? ? ieiaeao a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai — IAOE oei?iith N60P90K90.

Ia n??eo e?niaeo a?oioao a eaioe? n?aici?ie — iceia ioaieoey, i?ciy
eaionoa, oiiaoe iioeiaeueiith ii?iith aianaiiy iiaeo i?o?iaiioinie, yea
ni?ey? iioe-iaeueiiio ii?oieia?/iiio ?icaeoeo oiiao?a, ? N60P90K90.

Iia? aacoei?i? i?o?iaiioinee i?e ii?i? aianaiiy N90P130K130 ia i?ioyc?
aaaa-oaoe?? oiiao?a i?aeaeuoaaee /enoo i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco
?ineei a ii??a-iyii? c o?aaeeoe?eiith oei?iith i?o?iaiioineith. Iaeaeu?
iieacieee ia i?ioyc? aaaaoaoe?? aoee ia aa??aio? c IAOE c a?iaoionii.

Aacoei?i? i?o?iaiioinee N90P130K130 c aeiaaaeaie a?iaoiono, i?ae?
ni?eyee a?eueo?e aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a anei?a?iieneaeace,
iie?oaiieieneaeace, a ii??aiyii? c aacoei?iith ? o?aaeeoe?eiith oei?iith
i?o?iaiioineaie.

Iia? aacoei?i? i?o?iaiioinee c aeiaaaeaie i?ae? ? oeeieo, i?ae?, ye a
ii?i? N60P90K90, oae ? N90P130K130 i?aeaeuoaaee oiea?aioi?noue oiiao?a
ni?oo ?nei?ea aei o?oiooi?ico a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai ia 7.4 ? 8.0%,
7.7 ? 8.0% a?aeiia?aeii. Iaea?eueoo ?aiith a?iaeaei?noue oiiao?a — 18.8
o/aa (ia 10 na?iiy) io?eiaii i?e canoinoaaii? IAOE aacoei?ii? c
a?iaoionii a ii?i? N60P90K90, ui aeua eiio?ieth (IAOE oei?ii? N60P90K00)
ia 37%.

Iaea?eueoo caaaeueio a?iaeaei?noue oiiao?a — 38.2, 38.0, 37.7 o/aa (ia
10 aa?aniy) io?eiaii ia aa??aioao c aacoei?ieie IAOE c oeeieii ?
i?aeaeth, IAOE c i?aeaeth, IAOE c a?iaoionii, ye? aiineee a ii?i?
N90P130K130.

Iaea?eueoee ai?no anei?a?iiai? eeneioe, ea?ioeio, nooi? ?a/iaeie,
oeoe??a a ieiaeao oiiao?a aoa ia aa??aio? c IAOE c i?aeaeth (N60P90K90),
c IAOE c a?i-aoionii (N60P90K90), ai?no i?o?ao?a ia an?o aa??aioao
aeine?aeo aoa ieae/ei a?aie/ii aeiionoeieo eiioeaio?aoe?e.

Ca?eueoaiiy ii?ie oaeia?aiiy aei N90P130K130 i?ecaiaeeei aei iia??oaiiy
no?oeoo?e a?iaeath (ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ianoaiaea?oieo ieiae?a).

Ai?no aaaeeeo iaoae?a (oeeieo, i?ae?, eiaaeueoo, i?eaeth) a ieiaeao
oiiao?a a ia??iae oaoi?/ii? noeaeino? aoa ieae/ei iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo
ii?i.

A?iaeae oiiao?a ni?oo ?nei?ea ca iieacieeaie yeino? oa ai?noii aaaeeeo
iaoae?a iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey aeeoy/iai ? ae??oe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy.

?ic?aooiee aia?aaoe/ii? oa aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iieacaee, ui iaeaeu?
a?iaia?aaoe/i? eiao?oe??ioe ei?enii? ae?? — 1.07, 1.00, 0.96
aia?aaoe/ieo iaeeieoeue io?eiai? i?e canoinoaaii? IAOE c oeeieii ?
i?aeaeth, IAOE c i?aeaeth, IAOE c a?iaoionii a ii?i? N60P90K90, iaeaeu?
??ai? ?aioaaaeueiino? io?eiai? i?e canoinoaaii? IAOE c oeeieii ?
i?aeaeth oa IAOE c i?aeaeth a ii?i? N60P90K90 — 134 ? 125%
a?aeiia?aeii.

I?IIICEOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO

Ia n??eo e?niaeo a?oioao I?ai?/ii? /anoeie E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie a eaioe?
n?aici?ie iceia ioaieoey, i?ciy eaionoa, oiiaoe a nenoai? oaeia?aiiy
oiiao?a ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny canoiniaoaaoe aacoei?i? eiiieaeni? aeia?eaa
(IAOE, IAOE c a?iaoionii, IAOE c oeeieii ? i?aeaeth ? IAOE c i?aeaeth) a
ii?i? N60P90K90. NIENIE ?ia?o, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Aaeaiaiei N.I., Eaaaoeueeee N.A., Aeouaiei I.I. Aa?io?i?/ia
aoaeoeai?noue oa aa?io?i?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy canoinoaaiiy iiaeo
eiiieaenieo aeia?ea // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Oiainueei? n.-a.
aeaaeai??. — Ee?a, 1997. — N. 164-166. (I?aeaioiaea iaoa??ae?a
aeine?aeaeaiue aei ae?oeo, iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a – 60%).

Aaeaiaiei N.I., Eaaaoeueeee N.A., Aii/a? I.I., Iai/aiei I.?..
Aa?io?i?/ia ioe?iea aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo aeae?a aeia?ea i?e ae?iuoaaii?
oiiao?a // Aeiaeaoie aei aeo?iaeo “Iaoo?ae?n“. — ? 2, 1998. — N. 31-36.
(I?aeaioiaea iaoa??ae?a aeine?aeaeaiue aei ae?oeo, iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a – 60%).

Eii?eaae/ A., sseooei N., Ai?iaei?e I., Aaeaiaiei N. Iaea?aeaiiy
i?aaii-i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea // Iaoo?ae?n. -1996, ? 2.- N. 9-11.
(I?iaaaeaiiy eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a –
40%).

Ai?iaei?e I.I., Aiaaeai ?.E., Aee?i A.A., Ea?iaiei I.A., Oa?aiao I.I.,
Eeoiaeii I.?., Aaeaiaiei N.I. Aieea aa?ieeiiiinoo ia o?c?ieia?/i?
i?ioeane oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineei // O?c?ieia?y ? a?io?i?y eoeueoo?ieo
?ineei. — Ee?a, 1994. — O. 26, ? 4. — N. 406-410. (I?iaaaeaiiy iieueiaeo
? eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a – 40%).

Ai?iaei?e I.I., Aaeaiaiei N.I., Aa/einueeee I.A., Aoiaeen A.I. Aieea
iiaeo eiiieaenieo aeia?ea ia a?iaeae ? ye?noue oiiao?a // Oace
aeiiia?aeae I?aeia?iaeii? ia?aaee. — Ee?a, 1995.- N. 10-11. (I?iaaaeaiiy
iieueiaeo ? eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a –
70%).

Aaeaiaiei N.I., Aa/eineee I.A., Aoiaeen A.A. Iiaua iao?aaeeoeeiiiua
oaeia?aiey, eae oaeoi? o?iaeaeiinoe oiiaoia // Iaoa?eaeu
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai neiiiceoia. — Eeaa, 1994. — N. 61. (I?iaaaeaiiy
iieueiaeo ? eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a –
70%).

Ai?iaei?e I.I., Aee?i A.A., Ea?iaiei I.A., Oa?aiao I.I., Eeoiaeii
I.?., Aaeaiaiei N.I. O?c?ieia?/i? aniaeoe aeei?enoaiiy iao?aaeeoe?eieo
aeae?a aeia?ea // Oace aeiiia?aeae II c’?caeo oiaa?enoaa o?c?ieia?a
?ineei. — Ee?a, 1993. — N. 43-44. (I?iaaaeaiiy iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a – 40%).Ai?iaei?e I.I., Oeaii/oe N.I.,
Aaa??iei I.O., Aiaeio?oa I.I., Na?aethe A.A., Eii?eaae/ A.A., Aaeaiaiei
N.I. Aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie — no/ani?noue, iaeaooi? // Oace aeiiia?aeae
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. — *a?i?aoe?. — 1993. — N. 208.
(Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a – 40%).

Aaeaiaiei N.I. Aieea iiaeo eiiieaenieo aeia?ea ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue
oiiao?a a i?ai?/i?e /anoei? E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.01.04 — aa?io?i?y.
— Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao. Ee?a, 1998.

Anoaiiaeaii aieea iiaeo aeae?a aacoei?ieo i?o?iaiioinie – c a?iaoionii,
c Zn ? Nu, c Nu ia aa?io?i?/i? iieacieee, a?oioiao a?ioo n??iai e?niaiai
a?oioo, ii?oieia?/iee ?icaeoie oiiao?a ni?oo ?nei?ea,
o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/i? iieacieee, a?iaeaei?noue, ye?noue, aeaia aeieia?/ia
ioe?iea oeei aeia?eaai.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?iaeth/?noue a?oioo, a?iaeaei?noue, aaaee? iaoaee,
oiiaoe, eiiieaeni? aeia?eaa.

Aaeaiaiei N. I. Aeeyiea iiauo eiiieaeniuo oaeia?aiee ia i?iaeoeoeaiinoue
oiiaoia a naaa?iie /anoe Eaninoaie Oe?aeiu.Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea
o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe
06. 01.04. — aa?ioeiey. — Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao. Eeaa,
1998.

Eco/aii aeeyiea iiauo aeaeia aacoei?iuo ieo?iaiioinie – n aeiaoionii, n
Zn e Cu, n Cu ia aa?ioeie/aneea iieacaoaee, ii/aaiioth aeioo na?ie
eaniie ii/au, ii?oieiae/aneia ?acaeoea oiiaoia ni?oo Enei?ea,
oeceieiai-aeioeie/aneea iieacaoaee, o?iaeaeiinoue, ea/anoai e aeaia
yeieiae/aneay ioeaiea yoei oaeia?aieyi.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ieiaei?iaeea ii/au, o?iaeaeiinoue, oyae?eua iaoaeeu,
oiiaou, eiiieaeniua oaeia?aiey.

Adamenko S.M. The effect of new complex fertilizers on the productivity
of tomatoes in the northern part of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine

Thesis for competition for the scientific degree of the Candidate of
Sciences in agriculture on specialty 06.01.04 — agricultural chemistry —
National Agricultural University. Kiev, 1998.

The influence of new kinds of non-chloric complex nitroammophoskas
(NAPhK) – with biohumus, with Zn and Cu, Cu on agrochemical properties
soil biota of grey podzolic soil, morphologic evolution of the Iskorka
tomato variety, physiology-biochemical properties, the yield and quality
of tomatoes have been investigated in the thesis. Ecological evaluation
of fertiliser application has been done. Key words: soil fertility,
yield, heavy metals, tomatoes, complex fertilisers.

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