IAOe?IIAEUeIA aeaaeai?y IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO O?CE*II? O?I?? ?IAI? E.A.IENA?AEAANUeEIAI

OAA?ONUe Ass*ANEAA IEAENAIAe?IAE*

OAeE 541.128.7

Aieea eiio?iethth/eo ia?aiao??a ia oapaeoapenoeee aaoieieeaaeueii?
o?i?/ii? ?aaeoei? A?eioniaa-AEaaioeinueeiai aiey aioo?eaoeieieo oi/ie

02.00.04 — o?ce/ia o?i?y

aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?i?/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? o?ce/ii? o?i?? ?iai? E.A.Iena?aeaanueeiai
Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao o?i?/ieo iaoe

No?eaeae Iao?i ?aaaiiae/,

?inoeooo o?ce/ii? o?i?? ?i.E.A.Iena?aeaanueeiai

IAI Oe?a?ie, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?eee Na?oeaia Ieeeo?aia,

?inoeooo o?ce/ii? o?i?? ?i.E.A.Iena?aeaanueeiai

IAI Oe?a?ie, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

A?a/ei Eaii?ae A?eai?iae/,

?inoeooo o?i?? iiaa?oi? IAI Oe?a?ie,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “25 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 14-00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.190.01 a ?inoeooo? o?ce/ii? o?i??
?i. E.A.Iena?aeaanueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252039, Ee?a-39,
i?iniaeo Iaoee, 31.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo o?ce/ii?
o?i?? ?i. E.A.Iena?aeaanueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, 252039, Ee?a-39, i?iniaeo
Iaoee, 31.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 23 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aiaiie/ O.I.

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeieo nenoai, a yeeo
a?aeaoaathoueny iae?i?ei? o?i?/i? ia?aoai?aiiy, iieacaei ?nioaaiiy
??ciiiai?oieo ia??aiiaaaeieo ?aaeei?a ia?aa?ao o?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e,
cie?aia, ia??iaee/ieo, aia??iaee/ieo aai oaioe/ieo ci?i eiioeaio?aoe?e
?aaaaio?a a /an?. Ia?aoiaee i?ae oaeeie ?aaeeiaie a?aeaoaathoueny i?e
iaaieo cia/aiiyo (a?oo?eaoe?ei? oi/ee) eiio?iethth/eo ia?aiao??a, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue ye?ni?e ci?i? iiaaae?iee nenoaie. Iaee?aua aea/aiith
neeaaeiith o?i?/iith nenoaiith, a ye?e niinoa??aathoueny aaoieieeaaeuei?
ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe?e ?aaaaio?a, ? ?aaeoe?y A?eioniaa-AEaaioeinueeiai
(AAE), aeine?aeaeaiiy yei? aeiaaei ?nioaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo oei?a
a?oo?eaoe?e. Aei oeueiai /ano ia i?eae?eaii aeinoaoiuei? oaaae
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aea/aiith aieeao eiiopoethth/eo iapaiaopia
(eiioeaio?aoe?? aeo?aeieo ?aaaaio?a oa o?i?/ieo aeii?oie, oaeaee?noue
iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a), cia/aiiy yeeo aeecuee? aei a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/ie, ia
oae? oapaeoapenoeee aaoieieeaaeueieo o?i?/ieo ?aaeoeie, ye e?euee?noue
iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue a neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo aaoieieeaaiiyo,
iieiaeaiiy a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/ie oa aiie?ooaea aaoieieeaaiue. Oea ?
aaaeeeaei aeey anoaiiaeaiiy e?euee?nieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue i?ae a?aeaoeii
neeaaeii? o?i?/ii? nenoaie, yea ciaoiaeeoueny iiaeeco a?oo?eaoe?eieo
oi/ie, oa cia/aiiyi eiio?iethth/iai ia?aiao?a. Oaea aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?
ia o?eueee ooiaeaiaioaeueia, aea e i?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy, ine?eueee
?icoi?iiy iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao neeaaeieo o?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e iiaeeco
a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/ie a?aee?eaa? ia?niaeoeae aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
ianoaoe?iia?ieo i?ioean?a a o?i?/i?e i?iieneiaino?, cie?aia, a
aaoa?iaaiii-eaoae?oe/ieo i?ioeanao. E??i oeueiai, aeine?aeaeaiiy
/ooeeaino? ??ciiiai?oieo ?aaeei?a ia?aa?ao aaoieieeaaeueii? o?i?/ii?
?aaeoe?? AAE iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a aiae?oe/ieo oe?eyo oa aeey
iiaeaethaaiiy aeayeeo aeieia?/ieo i?ioean?a.

Oiio aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny iaiao?aei?noth anoaiiaeaiiy
caeiiii??iinoae aieeao eiio?iethth/eo ia?aiao??a ia oa?aeoa?enoeee
neeaaeii? o?i?/ii? nenoaie iiaeeco a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/ie oa
ciaoiaeaeaiiyi i?ae ?o cia/aiiyie i?inoeo e?euee?nieo caeaaeiinoae. C
iaoith ia?aaeaa/aiiy aieeao ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a ia ia?aa?a
aaoieieeaaeueii? o?i?/ii? ?aaeoe?? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? ciaoiaeaeaiiy
noaae?e, ci?ia oaeaeeino? ia?aa?ao yeeo aeeeeea? ci?io iieiaeaiiy
a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/ie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
ca?aeii c ieaiaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ?OO IAI Oe?a?ie ca oaiaie
“Iieaeoey?ii i?aai?ciaai? nenoaie ca o/anoth eii?aeeiaoe?eieo niieoe
d-iaoae?a” (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196v008227, 1994-96 ??.), “Aaoa?iaaii?
?aaeoe?? eii?aeeiaoe?eieo niieoe c aeieia?/ii aaaeeeaeie ?iiaie iaoae?a
oa iaeeie iieaeoeaie” (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? ?0197U006586, 1997-99 pp.) oa
a ?aieao ni?eueiiai oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai iaoeiai-aeineiaeiiai
i?iaeoo ?2I/1419-97 “Neeaaeia ia??iaee/ia aeeiai?ea oa oain a ?aaeoe??
A?eioniaa-AEaaioeinueeiai, ui eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aenia?eiaioaeueia anoaiiaeaiiy
iine?aeiaiino? a?oo?eaoe?e neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo aaoieieeaaeueieo
?aaeei?a ?aaeoe?? AAE, ciaoiaeaeaiiy e?euee?niiai aca?iica’yceo i?ae
cia/aiiyi eiio?iethth/iai ia?aiao?a iiaeeco a?oo?eaoe?eii? oi/ee oa
a?aeaoeii nenoaie, ?ic?iaea oa aiae?c e?iaoe/ii? noaie ?aaeoe?? AAE, yea
eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii, aeey c’ynoaaiiy i?e/ei oa caeiiii??iinoae iiyae
a?oo?eaoe?e, aieeao ia iieiaeaiiy a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/ie ciai?oi?o
oaeoi??a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aea/aiiy
ae?? eiio?iethth/iai ia?aiao?a P (oaeaee?noue iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a,
eiioeaio?aoe?? aeo?aeieo ?aaaaio?a oa o?i?/ieo aeii?oie) ia ?aaeoe?th
AAE, ui ciaoiaeeoueny iiaeeco a?oo?eaoe?eii? oi/ee, aeiaaei, ui a?aeaoe
nenoaie R (e?euee?noue iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue a neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo
aaoieieeaaiiyo, iieiaeaiiy a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/ie, aiie?ooaea
aaoieieeaaiue) a?aeiia?aea? aii??e/i?e noaiaiaa?e caeaaeiino?:

R = R — R0 P ,

aea R0 oa R — e?euee?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee nenoaie a?aeiia?aeii a
a?oo?eaoe?ei?e oi/oe? oa iiaeeco a?ae ia?. Iieaciee e?euee?nii
oa?aeoa?eco? nooi?iue /ooeeaino? nenoaie aei ci?ie eiio?iethth/iai
ia?aiao?a oa caeaaeeoue a?ae ?ioeo ia?aiao??a nenoaie, aa??thaaiiyi yeeo
iiaeeeai oe?eani?yiiaaii ci?ithaaoe a?aeaoe nenoaie.

Aeey iiyniaiiy iine?aeiaiino? a?oo?eaoe?e neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo
aaoieieeaaiue, yea niinoa??aa?oueny a ?aaeoe?? AAE, ui eaoae?co?oueny
oa?i?iii, ia iniia? aiae?co aeaieo, iaaaaeaieo a e?oa?aoo??,
cai?iiiiiaaii e?iaoe/io noaio oe??? ?aaeoe??. Oeyoii aiae?co e?iaoe/ii?
noaie ciaeaeaii, ui oneeaaeiaiiy neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo ?aaeei?a
a?aeaoaa?oueny aiane?aeie ciaioaiiy oaeaeeino? ia?aa?ao aaoieaoae?oe/ieo
noaae?e ?aaeoe?? AAE. Aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii aieea aeieia?/ii aaaeeeaeo
niieoe (CO, NO, Cl2) ia neeaaeiiia??iaee/i? ?aaeeie aaoieieeaaeueii?
?aaeoe??. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? a?oo?eaoe?? iiyae aaoieieeaaiue ca
aeiiiiiaith nenoaie aeaio ii?aeiaieo oeyoii ianiiai?io ?aaeoi??a
ciaeaeaii yaeua aaia?aoe?? aaoieieeaaiue aiane?aeie ia?aiino
?ioa?iaae?ao?a ?aaeoe?? AAE. Aeey e?euee?nii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ei?ioeeo
ia?ao?aeieo aaoieieeaaiue, ye? c’yaeythoueny iiaeeco a?oo?eaoe?eii?
oi/ee, cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae aecia/aiiy iaea?eueoiai iieacieea Eyioiiaa
(IIE), yeee oa?aeoa?eco? i??o ?ica?aaiiy o?a?eoi??e a oaciaiio i?inoi??
nenoaie (i??a oaioe/iino? nenoaie).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? aiae?co aieeao
CO, NO, Cl2 ia ?aaeoe?th AAE, yea eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii, anoaiiaeai?
caeiiii??iino? aieeao aeii?oie ia neeaaeiiia??iaee/i? ?aaeeie
aaoieieeaaeueii? o?i?/ii? ?aaeoe?? oa cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo aeey
e?euee?niiai aiae?co ai?noo oeeo niieoe. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae aecia/aiiy
cia/aiiy IIE aeey ei?ioeeo /aniaeo iine?aeiaiinoae c a?aooaaiiyi
iayaiino? ooio a ca?a?no?iaaiiio neaiae?, yeee canoiniaaii aeey aiae?co
ei?ioeioa?i?iiaeo aaoieieeaaiue a neeaaeieo o?i?/ieo oa a?ieia?/ieo
nenoaiao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Eiino?othaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo
onoaiiaie, iniiaiee ianya aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, ia?iaea oa aiae?c
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, oi?ioethaaiiy aeniiae?a aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeaii
iniaenoi caeiaoaa/ai. Iinoaiiaea caaea/? oa iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ?acii c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii e.o.i.
I.?.No?eaeaeii. Aaoi? ue?i aeyeo? aeaae. IAI Oe?a?ie E.A.ssoeeie?nueeiio
ca ?i?oe?thaaiiy oe??? ?iaioe oa iino?eia iaaiai?aiiy io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a. *enaeueia iiaeaethaaiiy o a?aeiia?aeiino? c e?iaoe/iith
noaiith ?aaeoe?? AAE, yea eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii, i?iaaaeaia ni?eueii c
I.I.Aii/a?aiei, a aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? aeey ?? ia?aa??ee /anoeiai
io?eiai? e.o.i. O.N.?aauaiei. Aiae?c ye?nii? iiaeae? i?iaaaeaiee
ni?eueii c i?ioani?ii ?inoeoooo oai?? o?ce/ii? Iieuenueei? Aeaaeai??
Iaoe A.L.Kawczyski. Ia?aa??ea io?eiaieo ia?ao?aeieo neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo
iine?aeiaiinoae aeeiiaia ni?eueii c aeieoi?ii ssaaeiinueeiai
Oi?aa?neoaoo (Iieueua) M.Rachwalska. Aaoi? aaey/iee e.a.i.
E.?.Inoai/aiei ca i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue oa iaaeai? iaoa??aee ii
aieeao ?aae?aoe?eiiai ii?iiiiaiiy ia iniaeeainoi ooieoeiiioaaiiy nenoai
aieeiaiai oinoi?eethaaiiy a eiioioeeoao oaa?ei aeey ?o e?euee?niiai
aiae?co ca aeiiiiiaith cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo ciaoiaeaeaiiy cia/aiiy
IIE.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? Gordon Research Conference
«Oscillations & Dynamic Instability in Chemical Systems» (NOA, 1997 ?.),
ia 6-io i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? “Kinetics in analytical chemistry”
(KAC-98, A?aoe?y, 16-19 aa?aniy 1998 ?ieo) oa ia eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo
a/aieo ?OO IAI Oe?a?ie a 1996, 1997, 1998 ??.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 5 noaoae oa oace 1
aeiiia?ae?.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ? aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioo
aeeeaaeaii ia 194 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, aiia ai?uo? 11
oaaeeoeue, 60 ?enoie?a, 2 aeiaeaoee oa nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c
180 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaaii ?? iaoo,
i?eaaaeaii ia?ae?e iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??, a
yeiio aieiaio oaaao cina?aaeaeaii ia ioae?eaoe?yo, i?enay/aieo
aeine?aeaeaiith aaoieieeaaeueieo ?aaeei?a ?aaeoe?? AAE, yea
eaoae?co?oueny ?iiaie oea??th aai oa?i?iii. Aea?? naia oe??? ?aaeoe??
iaoiiaeaiee oei, ui ?aaeoe?y AAE, yea eaoae?co?oueny ?iiaie oea??th ?
aeia?a aenia?eiaioaeueii aea/aiith ye a i?ioi/iiio ?aaeoi?? iino?eiiai
ia?ai?ooaaiiy (I?II), oae ? a cae?eoiio ?aaeoi?? ?ioaineaiiai
ia?ai?ooaaiiy (C??I). Aeey ia? i?iaaaeai? e?iaoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ie?aieo noaae?e aaoieieeaaeueiiai i?ioeano oa cai?iiiiiaai? e?iaoe/i?
noaie, ye? iiyniththoue ?aaeeie, ui niinoa??aathoueny a aenia?eiaio?.
I?e aiae?c? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo aeey ?aaeoe?? AAE, yea eaoae?co?oueny
oa?i?iii, cacia/aii, ui aiia ia? noiaeee o?i?/iee iaoai?ci
aaoieieeaaeueiiai i?ioeano ca aeiyoeii ?aaeoe?e ca o/anoth eaoae?caoi?a.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?e anoaiiaeaii, ui aenia?eiaioaeueia
aea/aiiy aaoieieeaaeueieo ?aaeoe?e iiaeeco oi/ie ye?nii? ci?ie
iiaaae?iee nenoaie ia i?iaiaeeeinue, oi/a ?niothoue aeaye? oai?aoe/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? iieacothoue ?nioaaiiy noaiaiaaeo caeaaeiinoae
iieiaeaiue a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/ie a?ae ??ciiiai?oieo cao?aiue oa
eiio?iethth/eo ia?aiao??a. Aeacai? i?e/eie iaoiiaeee aea?? ?aaeoe?? AAE,
yea eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii, a yeino? ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao
eiio?iethth/eo ia?aiao??a ia iieiaeaiiy a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/ie.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iienaii ?aaeoeae oa neiino?oeiaaia iaeaaeiaiiy, ye?
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue a ?iaio?. A?aecia/ai? iaoiaee/i? iniaeeaino?
i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a ii aeine?aeaeaiith aieeao aac?a ia
neeaaeiiia??iaee/i? ?aaeeie aaoieieeaaeueii? ?aaeoe?? oa aea/aiiy
aeeiai?ee i?ioean?a a ii?aeiaieo oeyoii ianiiai?io ?aaeoi?ao. Iienaia
iaoiaeeea cai?o oa aiae?co aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaiiai aaoi?ii
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oo?eaoe?e neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo ?aaeei?a ?aaeoe?? AAE,
ui eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii, a oaeiae cai?iiiiiaaia ?? e?iaoe/ia noaia.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aea/aii iine?aeiai?noue a?oo?eaoe?e ?aaeoe?? AAE, yea
eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii, i?e ??cieo oaeaeeinoyo iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a (k0)
a I?II (?en.1). Anoaiiaeaii, ui a nenoai? niinoa??aathoueny
neeaaeiiia??iaee/i? LSn-aaoieieeaaiiy, a yeeo i?ney aenieiaiie?ooaeiiai
iaeneioio (L) c’yaeythoueny n iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue (S). Ne?ae
a?aecia/eoe, ui a iine?aeiaiino? iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue ?o
aiie?ooaea c?inoa?, aea a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao (ieaeiy iaiaeue ia ?en.1)
niinoa??aathoueny no?eaee iioaioe?aeo. A iiaeaeueoiio aiae?c? an? oe?
eieeaaiiy ie aoaeaii iaceaaoe iaeiaiie?ooaeieie eieeaaiiyie.

Aiae?c /aniaeo caeaaeiinoae iieaco? (?en.1), ui a aenia?eiaio?
niinoa??aathoueny noi?o? LSn-aaoieieeaaiue, i?e/iio i?e ca?eueoaii? k0
na?aaeiy e?euee?noue (Nsmall) iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue c?inoa?. Aiae?c
caeaaeiinoae ia?aiao??a aaoieieeaaiue a?ae cia/aiiy k0 iieaco?, ui
Nsmall ? iaea?eueo /ooeeaei aei ci?i oiia i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo, oiio
naia eiai aoei ia?aii aeey e?euee?nii? oa?aeoa?enoeee niinoa?aaeoaaieo
neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo ?aaeei?a. I?iaaaeaiee a ?iaio? aiae?c iieacaa
?nioaaiiy aii??e/ii? noaiaiaai? caeaaeiino?:

wmetafile8? ??™???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ??
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy@ ??¬?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-??????th????·???u?th??????

wmetafile8? ??oH???i???????ue???????????-??
???u??????????»????-???????? ?thBy??? ?S ???

????u?????????en.1 Neeaaeiiia??iaee/i? ?aaeeie ?aaeoe?? AAE, ui
eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii oa ia?aa?aa? a I?II i?e ianooiieo oiiaao
i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a: oaiia?aoo?a O=295.3 K, ao?aei? eiioeaio?aoe??
[EBrI3]ao. = 0.15 I; [H2SO4]ao. = 0.32 I; [IE]ao. = 0.24 I; [oa?i?i]ao.
= 1.710-3 I. Oaeaeeino? iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a iaaaaeai? aaciina?aaeiuei ia
?enoieo.

aea k0*0,090.01 oa.-1 — cia/aiiy oaeaeeino? iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a, yea
a?aeiia?aea? iiya? aaoieieeaaiue oeio LS1. Aii??e/iee ia?aiao? =2.20.3
oa?aeoa?eco? nooi?iue aieeao oaeaeeino? iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a ia cia/aiiy
Nsmall. Ia?aiao?e ciaeaeai? ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a
aeey oiia, iaaaaeaieo ia ?en.1.

C iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ci?ie aaoieieeaaeueieo ?aaeei?a a
C??I i?iaaaeaia aea/aiiy aieeao ii/aoeiai? eiioeaio?aoe?? iaeiiiai?
eeneioe (NIE) ia ia?ao?aei? neeaaeiiia??iaee/i? iine?aeiaiino?.
Ciaeaeaii, ui ca?eueoaiiy NIE aeeeeea? aeiaeaaaiiy iaeiaiie?ooaeieo
eieeaaiue a ia?ao?aeieo LSn iine?aeiaiinoyo. Oaeei /eiii, ci?ia
eiio?iethth/eo ia?aiao??a a ?aaeoe?? AAE, yea eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii,
aeeeeea? iiyao iine?aeiaiino? a?oo?eaoe?e: L, LS1, LS2, LS3, …, LSn,
LSn+1.

Aeey iiyniaiiy an??? ??ciiiai?oiino? iiaaae?iee oa anoaiiaeaiiy o?i?/ieo
i?e/ei iiyae a?oo?eaoe?e, ia iniia? aiae?co aeaieo, iaaaaeaieo a
e?oa?aoo??, iaie cai?iiiiiaaia e?iaoe/ia noaia ?aaeoe?? AAE, yea
eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii. Noaia neeaaea?oueny c 29 ?aaeoe?e aeey 13
aeo?aeieo niieoe oa ?ioa?iaae?ao?a aaoieieeaaeueii? ?aaeoe?? (oaae. 1).
Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui cai?iiiiiaaia e?iaoe/ia noaia ? ia?oith
?aae?noe/iith e?iaoe/iith noaiith ?aaeoe?? AAE, a ye?e ciaeaeai?
neeaaeiiia??iaee/i? ?aaeeie c aeei?enoaiiyi ?aaeueieo cia/aiue eiinoaio
oaeaeeino? an?o o?i?/ieo noaae?e. Cai?iiiiiaaia e?iaoe/ia noaia
caaeia?eueii iieno? aeae oa ia??iae aaoieieeaaiue, ye? niinoa??aathoueny
a aenia?eiaio?. Aiia oaeiae aaeaeaaoii iieno? oa?aeoa? ci?ie
aaoieieeaaeueieo ?aaeei?a i?e ci?i? ii/aoeiaeo eiioeaio?aoe?e ?aaaaio?a
oa ii?iaia? cia/aiiy iiyae aaoieieeaaiue ii ii/aoeia?e eiioeaio?aoe??
a?iiao-?ii?a oa ieaei? ii?iaiaa cia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? oa?i?io.

Aeyaeaiiy oa?aeoa?ieo ?en oa ye?nia ?icoi?iiy i?e/ei iiyae
neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo aaoieieeaaiue a ?aaeoe?? AAE ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co
cai?iiiiiaaii? e?iaoe/ii? noaie ? neeaaeiith i?iaeaiith aiane?aeie
cia/ii? e?eueeino? ci?iieo. Naia oiio a ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii ?aaeoeoe?th
e?iaoe/ii? noaie aei iiaeae? c o?ueiia ci?iieie. A yeino? ci?iieo ia?ai?
eiioeaio?aoe?? a?iienoi? eeneioe (v), a?ii?ae-?ii?a (u) oa oa?i?io (p).
Aea?? eiioeaio?aoe?? HBrO2 oa oa?i?io iaoiiaeaiee ?o aca?iiith o/anoth a
aaoieaoae?oe/ieo noaae?yo, a?aeiinieie oaeaeeinoyie yeeo ea?o?
eiioeaio?aoe?y a?ii?ae-?ii?a. Iiaaae?iea iaaaaeaii? a oaae.1 e?iaoe/ii?
noaie ye?nii iieno?oueny ianooiiith iiaeaeeth:

wmetafile8? ??E???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a ?

???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy@

??  ?? ???&? ?MathType??°
???u?????????»????-?????oe@????oeUe???ue@????uee?
??@????e???u?th??????

Oaaeeoey 1. E?iaoe/ia noaia ?aaeoe?? AAE, yea eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii 1

? i/i?aaeoe?yCia/aiiy eiinoaio oaeaeeino?A. ?aaeoe?? i?ae a?iiai?nieie
niieoeaie1Br- + BrO3- + 2H+ HOBr + HBrO2 0.5 M-1c-12HOBr + HBrO2 Br- +
BrO3- + 2H+3.3 M-1c-13HBrO2 + Br- + H+ 2HOBr 110+6 M-1c-142HOBr HBrO2
+ Br- + H+210-5 M-1c-15HOBr + Br- + H+ Br2 + H2O1.1510+9 M-1c-16Br2 +
H2O HOBr + Br- + H+2 c-172HBrO2 BrO3- + HOBr + H+3000 M-1c-18BrO3- +
HOBr + H+ 2HBrO23.7510-9 M-1c-19BrO3- + HBrO2 + H+ 2BrO2 + H2O 25
M-1c-1102BrO2 + H2O BrO3- + HBrO2 + H+4.210+7 M-1c-1B. ?aaeoe?? ca
o/anoth a?iiai?nieo niieoe oa iio?aeieo iaeiiiai? eeneioe11MA + Br2
BrMA + Br- + H+28.65 M-1c-112MA + HOBr BrMA + H2O 8.2 M-1c-113BrMA +
HOBr i?iaeoeoe (Br2MA+H2O)0.1 M-1c-1142BrMA + H2O BrMA + BrTTA 110+8
M-1c-115BrMA + BrO2 + H2O HBrO2 + BrTTA510+9 M-1c-116BrMA + MA + H2O
MA + BrTTA 110+9 M-1c-117MA + BrO2 i?iaeoeo (BrO2MA)510+9 M-1c-118MA +
BrO3- + H+ BrO2 + i?iaeoeo (TTA)20 M-1c-119BrTTA Br- +i?iaeoeoe(MOA +
H+)1 c-120BrMA + BrO3- + H+ BrO2 + BrTTA20 M-1c-1C. ?aaeoe?? ca o/anoth
eaoae?caoi?a21Fe(Phen)32+ + BrO2 + H+ Fe(Phen)33+ + HBrO2510+8
M-1c-1222Fe(Phen)32++BrO3-+3H+2Fe(Phen)33++HBrO2+H2O0.1
M-1c-1232Fe(Phen)32++HBrO2+2H+2Fe(Phen)33++HOBr +H2O1
M-1c-1242Fe(Phen)32+ + HOBr + H+ 2Fe(Phen)33+ + Br- + H2O510-3
M-1c-1252Fe(Phen)32+ + Br2 2Fe(Phen)33+ + 2Br-100 M-1c-1262Fe(Phen)33+
+ 2Br- 2Fe(Phen)32+ + Br2Aeea. i?ei. 227Fe(Phen)33+ + MA Fe(Phen)32+ +
MA + H+110-2 M-1c-128Fe(Phen)33+ + BrMA Fe(Phen)32+ + BrMA + H+20
M-1c-129Fe(Phen)32+ + BrMA + H+ Fe(Phen)33+ + BrMA210+9
M-1c-1Iicia/aiiy: IA — iaeiiiaa eeneioa (Malonic Acid); BrMA —
a?iiiaeiiiaa eeneioa; TTA — 2-a?ae?ieneiaeiiiaa eeneioa (Tartronic
Acid); BrTTA — 2-a?ii-2-a?ae?ieneiaeiiiaa eeneioa; MOA — 2-ieneiaeiiiaa
eeneioa (Mesoxalic Acid); Fe(Phen)32+-o?en(1,10-oaiaio?ie?iao cae?ca
(II)); Fe(Phen)33+ — o?en(1,10-oaiaio?ie?iao cae?ca (III));

I?ei?oee:

1. Eiioeaio?aoe?? [H+]=0.5 M oa [H2O]=55.56 M aeeth/ai? a eiinoaioe
oaeaeeino?; eiinoaioe oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?e acyo? i?e O = 298 E.

2. Oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?e 21-25 oa 27-29 aei??aiththoue:
vi=ki[Fe(Phen)32+][a?iiai?nia niieoea]; oaeaee?noue ?aaeoe?? 26
aei??aith?: v26 = (k26+ks26[Br-])[Fe(Phen)33+][Br-],

aea k26 = 410-4 M-1c-1, ks26 = 1.810-2 M-2c-1.

Ia?oa ??aiyiiy a?aeiia?aea? oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?e ca o/anoth HBrO2. A
eii?aeeiaoao u-v aiii ia? ae?eyieo a?noaa?eueiino?, ui ? ia?oith
aeiiaith aeey iiyae aaoieieeaaiue. A?noaa?euei?noue caaacia/o?oueny
iayai?noth aaoieaoae?oe/ieo ?aaeoe?e, cie?aia, ?aaeoe??th ooai?aiiy
a?iienoi? eeneioe a ?acoeueoao? ?aaeoe?e 9 oa 21, iaaaaeaieo a oaae.1. A
?acoeueoao? ?o ia?aa?ao a?aeaoaa?oueny aaoieaoae?oe/ia ooai?aiiy HBrO2,
a oaeaee?noue oaeiai ooai?aiiy iieno?oueny iae?i?eiei /eaiii a ia?oiio
??aiyii? iiaeae? (2), iiiiiaeaiei ia ea?oth/ee ia?aiao? . Ci?ia oeueiai
ia?aiao?o a?aeiia?aea? ci?i? nooiaith iae?i?eiino? iiaeae? (2), a ioaea,
ci?i? oaeaeeino? ia?aa?ao aaoieaoae?oe/ieo ?aaeoe?e.

Ae?oaith, ye a?aeiii, aeiiaith, iaiao?aeiith aeey iiyae aaoieieeaaiue ?
iayai?noue cai?ioiiai ca’yceo, yeee caaacia/o?oueny oeyoii ci?ie
eiioeaio?aoe?? a?ii?ae-?ii?a (iniiaiee aianie ?iaeyoue iaaaaeai? a
oaae.1 ?aaeoe?? 1, 3 oa 19). Cacia/eii, ui ia?o? aeaa ?icaeyiooeo
??aiyiiy iiaeae? (2) caaacia/othoue ?nioaaiiy eeoa noaoe?iia?ieo oi/ie
aai i?inoeo aaoieieeaaiue. Aeey ?nioaaiiy neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo oa
oaioe/ieo aaoieieeaaiue iaiao?aeia o?aoy ci?iia (?), yea a?aeiia?aea?
eiioeaio?aoe?? eaoae?caoi?a a e?iaoe/i?e noai? ?aaeoe?? AAE, ui
eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii.

*enaeueia iiaeaethaaiiy o a?aeiia?aeiino? c e?iaoe/iith iiaeaeeth (2)
aeaco? ia ?nioaaiiy neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo aaoieieeaaiue (?en.2), ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue ciaeaeaiei a aenia?eiaio? (?en.1). Cacia/eii, ui ye a
aenia?eiaio?, oae ? i?e /enaeueiiio iiaeaethaaii? niinoa??aathoueny eeoa
LSn-ia??iaee/i? ?aaeeie oa ?o noi?o? (LSn-k … LSn+k). C iaoith
oa?aeoa?enoeee iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue a neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo
aaoieieeaaiiyo iaie aeei?enoaiee iaoiae ia?aoeio Ioaiea?a. Oeae
noaiaea?oiee iaoiae iieyaa? a iiaoaeia? a i?inoi?? eiioeaio?aoe?e
?aaaaio?a o?i?/ii? nenoaie (v, u, p) oaei? iiaa?oi?, yeo a ia?aoeiaee
an? aeoee o?a?eoi???, ui a?aeiia?aea? ci?i? a /an? eiioeaio?aoe?e
?aaaaio?a. I?e oeueiio iiaa?oith, yea ia? cacia/ai? aeanoeaino?,
iaceaathoue ia?aoeiath/ith Ioaiea?a.

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 ? TH I 1/4 « › ‹ z j Z »J $: &) ’ )
+oe-ae.N01/22?3’57a9E:’<>ss ?µ A… CO E
FIH|i??%oH|J»L1/2MPOUQeRoT?V5XnYA[c]’_
?`“b?d?eAgUi?kl!n9pRqjs‚u?w±xCzY|o~
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???u??????????»????-???????? ?yAth??? OI ???

????u5???????en.3 A?oo?eaoe?eia ae?aa?aia cia/aiue ci?iii? u, ye?
iio?aieythoue a ia?aoei Ioaiea?a ieiueiith v=16. Cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a
oae? ae, ye ia ?en.2.

a?oo?eaoe?eii? ae?aa?aie aeey eii?aeeiaoe u oi/ie, ye? iio?aieythoue a
ia?aoei Ioiea?a, a?ae cia/aiiy (?en.3), aeaco? ia oa, ui i?e iecueeeo
cia/aiiyo oaeaeeino? ia?aa?ao aaoieaoae?oe/ieo noaae?e ca o/anoth HBrO2
niinoa??aa?oueny ia?ao?ae a?ae noaoe?iia?iiai noaio (ss) aei
neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo aaoieieeaaiue c aaeeeith e?euee?noth
iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui a oe?e iaeano? a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ii/aoeiaeo oiia ?nio? a?noa?acen i?ae noaoe?iia?iei
noaiii oa neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieie aaoieieeaaiiyie. I?e ca?eueoaii?
aiane?aeie iine?aeiaiino? a?oo?eaoe?e a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?ao?ae aei a?eueo
i?inoeo aaoieieeaaiue. E??i oiai, aiae?c ?ioa?aae?a ?nioaaiiy
aaoieieeaaiue oeio LSn, iieaco?, ui aiie ?icoe?ththoueny c? ciaioaiiyi
n.

Oaeei /eiii, a ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa
/enaeueiiai aiae?co anoaiiaeaii, ui a ?aaeoe?? AAE ?aae?co?oueny
ianooiia iine?aeiai?noue a?oo?eaoe?e:

Oaeaee?noue ia?aa?ao aaoieaoae?oe/ieo noaae?e (iae?i?ei?noue, )

LS … LSn+1 LSn … LS3
LS2 LS1 L

Ia?anoaaiiy ii eaneaaeo a?aeaoaa?oueny aiane?aeie ci?ie oaeaeeino?
ia?aa?ao aaoieaoae?oe/ieo ?aaeoe?e. Iai?eeeaae, ciaeaeaia a aenia?eiaio?
oneeaaeiaiiy neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo ?aaeei?a i?e ca?eueoaii? oaeaeeino?
iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a iiyniaii ciaioaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? HBrO2 oa cnoaaiiyi
nenoaie ii eaneaaeo a?oo?eaoe?e e?ai?o/.

C iaoith /enaeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ei?ioeeo ia?ao?aeieo
neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo iine?aeiaiinoae, ye? ?niothoue iiaeeco
a?oo?eaoe?eieo oiia, cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae aecia/aiiy IIE. ?aeay iaoiaeo
iieyaa? a iiaoaeia? ea?oe iiaa?iaiiy ia iniia? iaiaaeaii? e?eueeino?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo oa ciaoiaeaeaii? ?? ia?aiao??a ca aeiiiiiaith
iaoiaeo iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a. Iieacaii, ui aeey aaeaeaaoiiai ia/eneaiiy
cia/aiiy IIE c aeei?enoaiiyi oaei? ea?oe iiaa?iaiiy aeinoaoiuei eeoa 25
aenia?eiaioaeueieo oi/ie, i?e/iio ??aaiue ooio ia iiaeiai ia?aaeuoaaoe
0.1%. Iieacaia canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo aeey /enaeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
ei?ioeeo ia?ao?aeieo neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo aaoieieeaaiue ?aaeoe?? AAE,
yea eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii. Iaoiae aeei?enoaii ia o?eueee aeey aiae?co
iae?i?eii? o?i?/ii? nenoaie, aea e io?eiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee neeaaeii?
a?ieia?/ii? nenoaie. Cie?aia, iieacaii, ui i?e ca?eueoaii? aeice
?aae?aoe?eiiai ii?ii?iaiiy oaa?ei a?aeaoaa?oueny ci?ia eiiaoe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oa?iaioia aieeiaiai oinoi?eethaaiiy, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ciaioaiiy cia/aiiy iieacieea Eyioiiaa oa ae?iaieoeoaa aio?iii?
eeioeiith.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aii aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aea/aiith aieeao
o?i?/ieo aeii?oie (NO, CO, Cl2) ia iine?aeiai?noue a?oo?eaoe?e
neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo ?aaeei?a ?aaeoe?? AAE a I?II, yea eaoae?co?oueny
oa?i?iii. Aeey oeueiai a iaeei c aeaio eaiae?a, /a?ac ye? iiaeathoueny a
?aaeoi? ?aaaaioe, ca aeiiiiiaith ia?enoaeueoe/iiai ianina iiaeaaaee
noi?o aaco c a?aiiii c a?aeiiith eiioeaio?aoe??th. Ca ?aooiie ?ic/eiaiiy
aaco aeiaeaaaiiy eiai aei ?aaeoe?eiiai ?ic/eio aeeeeeaei ci?io
na?aaeiuei? e?eueeino? iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue a neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo
aaoieieeaaiiyo. A yeino? e?euee?nii? i??e ?ioaineaiino? aieeao
?ic/eiaiiai aaco ia aaoieieeaaeueio ?aaeoe?th ia?aii aaee/eio:

m(aac) = Nsmall(aac) — Nsmall(Ar), (3)

aea Nsmall(Ar) oa Nsmall(aac) — na?aaeiy e?euee?noue iaeiaiie?ooaeieo
eieeaaiue a LSn-iine?aeiaiinoyo i?e ae?? a?aeiia?aeii a?aiio aai eiai
noi?o? c aeine?aeaeoaaiei aacii.

Ciaeaeaii, ui ?ioaineai?noue ae?? aaco ca?eueoo?oueny ye i?e c?inoaii?
eiai eiioeaio?aoe??, oae ? na?aaeiuei? e?eueeino? iaeiaiie?ooaeieo
eieeaaiue Nsmall(Ar), yea caeaaeeoue a?ae oaeaeeino? iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a
(caeaaei?noue (1)). Iaeiae i?e ca?eueoaii? neeaaeiino?
neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo aaoieieeaaiue ?o a?aeoai?thaai?noue cieaeo?oueny.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui NO ni?ey? ciaioaiith Nsmall a neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo
aaoieieeaaiiyo (?en.4a), oiaoi cnoaaiith ii iine?aeiaiino? a?oo?eaoe?e
i?aai?o/. Oea iiaea aooe iaoiiaeaiei aeiaeaoeiaei ooai?aiiyi HBrO2 a
?acoeueoao? noeoiiino? ?aaeoe?e, ye? ?i?oe?eiaai? ae??th NO oa
ia?aa?aathoue a ?ic/ei?, iai?eeeaae:

2NO + O2 2NO2

2NO2 + H2O HNO3 + HNO2 (4)

HNO2 + BrO3- NO3- + HBrO2

C iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy e?euee?nieo caeiiii??iinoae aieeao NO ia
neeaaeiiia??iaee/i? ?aaeeie, i?iaaaeaia aea/aiiy aieeao eiai
eiioeaio?aoe?? a aacia?e oac? ia e?euee?noue iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue
a neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo aaoieieeaaiiyo o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ??aiyiiyi (3).
Ciaeaeaii, ui caeaaei?noue m(NO) a?ae ia’?iii? /anoee NO a aacia?e
noi?o? (NO, %) i?e an?o oaeaeeinoyo iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a ia? e?i?eiee
aeae. Iioeiaeueia c oi/ee ci?o /ooeeaino? aei ae?? NO oa
a?aeoai?thaaiino? aenia?eiai-

wmetafile8? ??„???`????????ue???????????-??
???u??????????»????-???????? aetheth??? e–???

????u5??????a — caeaaei?noue Nsmall a?ae k0 i?e ??cieo
eiioeaio?aoe?yo NO a aacia?e noi?o? (* — Ar, — NO = 100%, — NO = 73%,
— NO = 50%, — NO = 36.5%, — NO = 25%, +- NO = 7%). Aacia?a?aia e?eaa
a?aeiia?aea? ai?ieneiaoe?? oaei? ae e?eai? aeey a?aiio.

a — caeaaei?noue m(NO) a?ae ia’?iii? /anoee iiiiieneaeo acioo a aacia?e
noi?o? i?e oaeaeeino? iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a k0 = 0.33 oa-1. Ai?ieneiaoe?eia
i?yia ciaeaeaia ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?aoaeueieo
aeaieo cia/aiiy oaeaeeino? iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a aei??aith? k0=0.33 oa-1.
I?e oeueiio e?i?eia caeaaei?noue m(NO) a?ae ia’?iii? /anoee NO (?en.4a)
iieno?oueny ??aiyiiyi:

wmetafile8? ??Iaioeueiaa cia/aiiy a?eueiiai /eaio a caeaaeiino? (5)
aeiaiaeeoue ?nioaaiiy ieaeiueiai ii?iao /ooeeaino? nenoaie aei ae?? NO a
ae?aiacii? eiai ia’?iieo /anoie 0-20% a aacia?e oac?.

sse aeieeaa? c aiae?co aieeao iiiiieneaeo aoaeaoeth ia
neeaaeiiia??iaee/i? ?aaeeie ?aaeoe?? AAE, NI ni?ey? aeiaeaaaiith
iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue (?en.5a), ui, eiia??ii, ? iane?aeeii
ianooiieo ?aaeoe?e, ye? ia?aa?aathoue a ?ic/ei?:

CO wmetafile8? ??#???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ``
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy®yyy ???? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?th??????COBr2 + H2O 2Br- + 2H+ + CO2
(6)

HBrO2 + Br- + H+ 2HOBr

Aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueii ciaeaeaii? caeaaeiino? m(NO) a?ae ia’?iii?
/anoee NO (NI, %) a aacia?e noi?o? c a?aiiii iieaco?, ui aiia ? oaeiae
e?i?eiith (?en.5a) oa i?e iioeiaeuei?e oaeaeeino? iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a k0
= 0.26 oa-1 iieno?oueny ??aiyiiyi, aiaeia?/iei (5):

wmetafile8? ??k???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?a
???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy  ??A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????

wmetafile8? ??????`????????ue???????????-??
???u??????????»????-???????? aeth??? e» ???

????u5??????a — caeaaei?noue Nsmall a?ae k0 i?e ??cieo
eiioeaio?aoe?yo NO a aacia?e noi?o? (* — Ar, — CO = 100%, — CO = 81%,
— CO = 64%, — CO = 45%, — CO = 22%). Aacia?a?aia e?eaa a?aeiia?aea?
ai?ieneiaoe?? oaei? ae e?eai? aeey a?aiio.

a — caeaaei?noue m(NO) a?ae ia’?iii? /anoee iiiiieneaeo aoaeaoeth a
aacia?e noi?o? i?e oaeaeeino? iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a k0 = 0.26 oa-1.
Ai?ieneiaoe?eia i?yia ciaeaeaia ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo iaeiaioeo
eaaae?ao?aAnoaiiaeaii, ui oei? ae?? neeaaeiei /eiii ia cia/aiiy Nsmall
(?en.6): i?e iecueeeo cia/aiiyo oaeaeeino? iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a ni?ey?
aeiaeaaaiith iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue a LSn-iine?aeiaiinoyo, a i?e
aenieeo — ciaioaiith. Ciaeaeaiee aoaeo iiyniaiee ?i?oe?eiaaieie oei?ii
?aaeoe?yie eiieo?oth/iai aeo?a/aiiy (7a) oa ooai?aiiy (7b) HBrO2.
Cie?aia, i?e iecueeeo cia/aiiyo k0 aiane?aeie aeniei? eiioeaio?aoe??
oei?eae-?ii?a oaeaee?noue ?aaeoe?e (7a), a yeeo ooai?th?oueny a?iienoa
eeneioa, ? a?eueoith a?ae oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?e (7a) ?? aeo?a/aiiy. Oea
iaoiiaeth? cnoa ii iine?aeiaiino? a?oo?eaoe?e a a?e LSn-aaoieieeaaiue c
aaeeeei n. I?e aenieeo cia/aiiyo k0 niinoa??aa?oueny cai?ioia yaeua:

Cl2 + H2O H+ + Cl- + HOCl

2Fe(Phen)32+ + Cl2 2Fe(Phen)33+ + 2Cl-

H+ + Cl- + HBrO2 HOBr + HOCl

HOCl + RH RCl + H2O

(7a)HOCl+H++BrO3- HBrO2+HClO2

HClO2+Fe(Phen)33+ClO2+Fe(Phen)32++H+

BrO2+ClO2+H2OH++HBrO2+ClO3-

(7b)wmetafile8? ??!???`????????ue???????????-??
???u??????????»????-???????? aeth??? e» ???

????u5??????I???$?a O 7
???$?en·<n???-????-????????????? ???????-?????????????????uE????????en.6 Caeaaei?noue na?aaeiuei? e?eueeino? iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue a neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo aaoieieeaaiiyo a?ae oaeaeeino? iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a i?e ??cieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo Nl2 a aacia?e noi?o? (* - Ar, - Cl2 = 100%, - Cl2 = 80%, - Cl2 = 50%, - Cl2 = 39%, - Cl2 = 17%, + - Cl2 = 4%). Aacia?a?aia e?eaa a?aeiia?aea? ai?ieneiaoe?? oaei? ae e?eai? aeey a?aiio. Oiiae i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a oae? ae, ye ia ?en.1. Aiae?c caeaaeiinoae i?ae m(Cl2) oa Nl2 (?en.7), iiaoaeiaaieo i?e oaeaeeinoyo iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiaeaaaiith aai ciaioaiith Nsmall iieaco?, ui aiie ? e?i?eieie, aea iathoue ??ci? ciaee eooiaeo iaoee?a. Oaeee oaeo ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aeaieie, io?eiaieie i?e aea/aii? NO oa NO. O ?icae?e? 5 ?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino? aaia?aoe?? aaoieieeaaiue c? noaoe?iia?iiai noaio. Aeey c’ynoaaiiy i?e/ei oa caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae iiyae aaoieieeaaiue cai?iiiiiaaia aeei?enoaiiy ii?aeiaieo oeyoii ianiiai?io ?aaeoi??a ca oiiae, ui a iaeiiio i?ioean a?aeaoaa?oueny iiaeeco oi/ee aaia?aoe?? aaoieieeaaiue, aea i?e ?o a?aenooiino?, a a ?ioiio ia?aa?aa? a aaoieieeaaeueiiio ?aaeei?. Oea aeicaiey? i?e aa??thaaii? oaeaeeino? ianiiai?io ci?ithaaoe oiiae i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo iiaeeco oi/ee a?oo?eaoe??. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeaeue oaei? nenoaie oa oai?aoe/ii anoaiia- wmetafile8? ??'???-????????ue???????????-?? ???u??????????"????-???????? aethEth??? †*??? ????u5??????a - E?i?eia caeaaei?noue ia? aeaeyae: m(Nl2) = -5.45+0.37Nl2 (eiao?oe??io e?i?eii? ei?aeyoe?? R = 0,996); a - E?i?eia caeaaei?noue ia? aeaeyae: m(Nl2) = 0.47-0.14Nl2 (eiao?oe??io e?i?eii? ei?aeyoe?? R = -0,991).eaii, ui a nenoai? ii?aeiaieo ?aaeoi??a iiaeeeaa aaia?aoe?y aaoieieeaaiue. Iieiaeaiiy oi/ee a?oo?eaoe?? iiyae aaoieieeaaiue r1 caeaaeeoue ii aii??e/ii ciaeaeaiiio noaiaiaaiio caeiio a?ae a?aenoai? eiio?iethth/iai ia?aiao?a B11, yeee a?aeiia?aea? ia?oiio ?aaeoi?o, aei oai?aoe/ii ciaeaeaii? oi/ee a?oo?eaoe?? B1*: wmetafile8? ??‰??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy ??<?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th??????aea = 0.950.02. Aeey ia?aa??ee anoaiiaeaii? caeiiii??iino? i?iaaaeaia aenia?eiaioaeueia aea/aiiy ia?aa?ao ?aaeoe?? AAE a oiiaao aeaio ii?aeiaieo oeyoii ianiiai?io C??I. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? oiiae a aeaio ?aaeoi?ao aea?ai? iaeiaeia? ca aeiyoeii eiioeaio?aoe?? eaoae?caoi?a, cia/aiiy yei? a ia?oiio ?aaeoi?? aeecueea aei ii?iao aaia?aoe?? aaoieieeaaiue, aea iaioa eiai, a a ?ioiio a?aeiia?aea? ?nioaaiith aenieiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue. I?e aeei?enoaii? a yeino? eaoae?caoi?a oa?i?io ciaeaeaia yaeua aaia?aoe?? aaoieieeaaiue, aeeeeeaia ia?aiinii ?ioa?iaae?ao?a aaoieieeaaeueii? ?aaeoe?? (HBrO2, BrO2, HOBr) c ?aaeoi?a, aea a?aeaoaathoueny aaoieieeaaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao eiioeaio?aoe?? eaoae?caoi?a a ae?oaiio ?aaeoi?? ia iieiaeaiiy oi/ee a?oo?eaoe?? a ia?oiio ?aaeoi?? iieacaei ?nioaaiiy aii??e/ii? noaiaiaai? caeaaeiino?, aaee/eia noaiai? yei? aeecueea aei oai?aoe/ii ciaeaeaii?: C02 ~ (C* - C1*), aea =0.720.04. Oi?aa?naeuei?noue ciaeaeaiiai yaeua i?aeoaa?aeaeaia i?e aeei?enoaii? a yeino? eaoae?caoi?a ?aaeoe?? AAE oaeiae ? ?ii?a oea??th. Aiae?c /aniaeo caeaaeiinoae ia?aiao??a aaoieieeaaiue a iiiaio ?o iiyae (?en.8a) iieacaa, ui ca?iaeaeaiiy aaoieieeaaiue a?aeaoaa?oueny aiane?aeie cao?eiaii? a?oo?eaoe?? ao?aoe no?eeino? noaoe?iia?iiai noaio (cao?eiaii? a?oo?eaoe?? Oiioa), i?e/iio aiie?ooaea aaoieieeaaiue caeaaeeoue ii noaiaiaaiio caeiio a?ae /ano (wmetafile8? ?? wmetafile8? ??~??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?A ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy? ??<?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th?????? Aiae?c cia/aiue iiaeeeaeo aiie?ooae aaoieieeaaiue iieaco?, ui ?o iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy (wmetafile8? ??a???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy ??<?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th?????? wmetafile8? ??a??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA ??o?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th?????? wmetafile8? ??D ???oe????????ue???????????-?? ???u??????????"????-???????? aethmy??? ?z??? ????u5??????a - caeaaei?noue aiie?ooaee A? ia?ao?aeieo aaoieieeaaiue a C??I a?ae /ano a iiiaio ?o aaia?aoe??. Ii/aoeia? eiioeaio?aoe?? ?aaaaio?a (O=295.3): [EBrI3]0 = 0.19 I; [H2SO4]0 = 0.32 I; [IE]0 = 0.68 I; [oa?i?i]0 = 5.1910-5 I. a - caeaaei?noue iiaeeeaeo aiie?ooae ia?ao?aeieo aaoieieeaaiue a?ae ii/aoeiai? eiioeaio?aoe?? oa?i?io. Oiiae i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo oae? ae, ye ia ?en.8a.Ii??aiyiiy ??aiyiue (12) oa (13) aeaco? ia iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy aeia?a ?icaeiaii? oai???, yea iieno? cao?eiaio a?oo?eaoe?th Oiioa, ia eeoa aeey iieno aeeiai?ee i?ioeano iiyae aaoieieeaaiue, a oaeiae ? aeey iieno noaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?e ci?i? ii/aoeiai? eiioeaio?aoe?? eaoae?caoi?a a nenoai?, a naia, cia/aiue iaeneiaeueieo aiie?ooae aaoieieeaaiue. AENIIAEE 1. Ia iniia? aiae?co aeaieo, ye? iaaaaeaii a e?oa?aoo??, anoaiiaeaii, ui ia ?nio? nenoaiaoe/ieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue iae?i?eieo yaeu a o?i?/ieo nenoaiao, ni?yiiaaieo ia aeyaeaiiy e?euee?nieo caeiiii??iinoae aieeao eiiopoethth/eo iapaiaopia, cia/aiiy yeeo aeecuee? aei a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/ie, ia oapaeoapenoeee aaoieieeaaeueieo o?i?/ieo ?aaeoeie. 2. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui iiaeeco a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/ie ?nio? aii??e/ia noaiaiaaa caeaaei?noue i?ae oaeeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie aaoieieeaaeueii? o?i?/ii? ?aaeoe?? A?eioniaa-AEaaioeinueeiai (AAE), ye e?euee?noue iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue a neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo aaoieieeaaiiyo, iieiaeaiiy a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/ie, aiie?ooaea aaoieieeaaiue, oa ?? eiio?iethth/eie ia?aiao?aie (oaeaee?noue iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a, eiioeaio?aoe?? aeo?aeieo ?aaaaio?a oa o?i?/ieo aeii?oie). 3. Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aa?ao ?aaeoe?? AAE a i?ioi/iiio ?aaeoi?? iino?eiiai ia?ai?ooaaiiy (I?II) oa a cae?eoiio ?aaeoi?? ?ioaineaiiai ia?ai?ooaaiiy (C??I) ciaeaeaii, ui i?e aa??thaaii? eiio?iethth/eo ia?aiao??a a?aeaoaa?oueny ci?ia neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo ?aaeei?a, yea iaoiiaeaia a?oo?eaoe??th aeiaeaaaiiy iaeiaiie?ooaeiiai eieeaaiiy. Aii??e/ii anoaiiaeaii noaiaiaaee ca’ycie i?ae na?aaeiueith e?euee?noth iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue oa oaeaee?noth iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a. 4. Cai?iiiiiaaii e?iaoe/io noaio ?aaeoe?? AAE, ui eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii, yea iieno? neeaaeiiia??iaee/i? aaoieieeaaiiy. Ciaeaeaii, ui iaae? ?nioaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aaoieieeaaiue a?aeiia?aeathoue aenia?eiaioaeueiei aeaiei. Aiae?c ni?iuaii? e?iaoe/ii? noaie iieacaa, ui a?oo?eaoe?y aeiaeaaaiiy iaeiaiie?ooaeiiai eieeaaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny aiane?aeie ciaioaiiy oaeaeeino? ia?aa?ao aaoieaoae?oe/ieo coaae?e ?aaeoe?? AAE. 5. Ia i?aenoaa? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aeayeeo o?i?/ieo aeii?oie (NO, NI, Nl2) ia neeaaeiiia??iaee/i? aaoieieeaaiiy ?aaeoe?? AAE a I?II anoaiiaeaii, ui ?o ae?y iieyaa? a ?i?oe?thaaii? ?aaeoe?e, i?e ia?aa?ao yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny ci?ia eiioeaio?aoe?? a?iienoi? eeneioe. Iieacaii, ui aiane?aeie ciaioaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? a?iienoi? eeneioe, oa, a?aeiia?aeii, ciaioaiiy oaeaeeino? ia?aa?ao aaoieaoae?oe/ieo noaae?e ?aaeoe?? AAE, NI ni?ey? aeiaeaaaiith iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue, NO aeeeeea? ?o a?aei?iaiiy ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? HBrO2, a ae?y Nl2 caeaaeeoue a?ae oaeaeeino? iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a - i?e ?? iecueeeo cia/aiiyo Nl2 ni?ey? aeiaeaaaiith iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue, a i?e aenieeo a?aeaoaa?oueny ?o a?aei?iaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ci?ia cia/aiiy na?aaeiuei? e?eueeino? iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue e?i?eii caeaaeeoue a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? aeii?oee. 6. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ?aaeei?a ia?aa?ao aaoieieeaaeueii? ?aaeoe?? AAE a nenoai? aeaio C??I, ye? ii?aeiai? oeyoii ianiiai?io, aia?oa aeyaeaii yaeua aaia?aoe?? eiioeaio?aoe?eieo aaoieieeaaiue ca oiia, ui a iaeiiio ?aaeoi?? i?ioean aac ii?aeiaiiy ia?aa?aa? a aaoieieeaaeueiiio ?aaeei?, a a ?ioiio nenoaia ciaoiaeeoueny iiaeeco a?oo?eaoe?eii? oi/ee iiyae aaoieieeaaiue. Iiyaa aaoieieeaaiue aeeeeeaia ia?aianaiiyi ?ioa?iaae?ao?a (HBrO2, BrO2, HOBr) aaoieieeaaeueii? ?aaeoe?? c ?aaeoi?a, aea a?aeaoaathoueny aaoieieeaaiiy. 7. Aeiaaaeaii, ui iiyaa aaoieieeaaiue o /an? a nenoai? aeaio C??I, ye? ii?aeiai? oeyoii ianiiai?io, a?aeiia?aea? a?oo?eaoe?? Oiioa, oiaoi eaaae?ao aiie?ooaee ia?ao?aeieo aaoieieeaaiue e?i?eii caeaaeeoue a?ae /ano. I?e oeueiio oaeiae anoaiiaeaii, ui iiaeeco a?oo?eaoe?eii? oi/ee iiyae aaoieieeaaiue cia/aiiy eaaae?ao?a iaeneiaeueieo aiie?ooae aaoieieeaaiue i?iii?oe?ei? ii/aoeia?e eiioeaio?aoe?? oa?i?io. 8. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co iiaeae?, yea iieno? nenoaio aeaio ii?aeiaieo ?aaeoi??a, oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a, ye? iaea?aeai? aeey ?aaeoe?? AAE, ui eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii, a nenoai? aeaio ii?aeiaieo oeyoii ianiiai?io C??I, anoaiiaeaii noaiaiaao caeaaei?noue i?ae iieiaeaiiyi a?oo?eaoe?eii? oi/ee iiyae aaoieieeaaiue oa cia/aiiyie eiio?iethth/iai ia?aiao?a. 9. Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ei?ioeeo ia?ao?aeieo neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo aaoieieeaaiue, ui ?niothoue a C??I, cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ciaeaeaiiy iaea?eueoiai iieacieea Eyioiiaa. Iaoiae aeei?enoaii ia o?eueee a iae?i?eieo o?i?/ieo nenoaiao, aea e a a?ieia?/ieo, cie?aia, c eiai aeiiiiiaith iieacaii, ui i?e ca?eueoaii? aeice ?aae?aoe?eiiai ii?ii?iaiiy oaa?ei a?aeaoaa?oueny ci?ia eiiaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oa?iaioia aieeiaiai oinoi?eethaaiiy, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy cia/aiiy iieacieea Eyioiiaa oa a?aeiia?aeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa aio?iii? eeioeiith. Ioae?eaoe?? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??. 1. No?eaeae I.A., Oaa?onue A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea naienoa ea?ou aica?aoa, iienuaathuae ia?aoiaeiua oaioe/aneea ?aaeeiu i?ioaeaiey ?aaeoeee Aaeioniaa - AEaaioeineiai a cae?uoii ?aaeoi?a eaeaaeueiiai ia?aiaoeaaiey. // AeAI Oe?aeiu.- 1995, ?8, n.118-121. 2. Oaa?onue A.A., No?eaeae I.A. Iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey iaeaieueoaai iieacaoaey Eyioiiaa aeey ei?ioeeo a?aiaiiuo oaioe/aneeo iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoae a aaoieieaaaoaeueiuo oeie/aneeo ?aaeoeeyo. // Oai?ao. e yenia?ei. oei.- 1997.- O.33, ?3.- C.136-142. 3. Oaa?onue A.A., No?eaeae I.A. Eiaeooee?iaaiea aaoieieaaaoaeueiiai i?ioeanna iin?aaenoaii ianniiaiaia iaaeaeo aeaoiy iaeeiaeiuie oeie/aneeie nenoaiaie. // Oai?ao. e yenia?ei. oei.- 1997.- O.33, ?6.- C.367-372. 4. No?eaeae I.A., Oaa?onue A.A., Aii/a?aiei M.M., Eaauaiei O.N. Eeiaoe/aneay noaia ?aaeoeee Aaeioniaa-AEaaioeineiai, eaoaeece?oaiie oa??ieiii, iienuaathuay ia?aoiaeiua neiaeiiia?eiaee/aneea ?aaeeiu. // Oai?ao. e yenia?ei. oei.- 1998.- O.34, ?3.- C.153-159. 5. Inoai/aiei E.?., Oaa?onue A.I., No?eaeae I.?. Aiaeic aieeao ii?iiiiaiiy ia iniaeeainoi ooieoeiiioaaiiy nenoai aieeiaiai oinoi?eethaaiiy a eiioioeeoao ca aeiiiiiaith cai?ioieo ea?o oa iieacieea Eyioiiaa // A?ni. Ee?a. oi-oo. A?ieia?y.- 1998.- Aei.27.- N.20-23. 6. Khavrus V.O., Strizhak P.E. Determination of gases (NO, CO, Cl2) using quasiperiodic regimes in nonlinear chemical reaction // 6th international symposium on KINETICS IN ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY.- Kassandra, Chalkidiki, Greece.- 1998.- p.78. Oaa?onue A.I. Bieea eiiopoethth/eo iapaiaopia ia oapaeoapenoeee aaoieieeaaeueii? o?i?/ii? ?aaeoei? A?eioniaa-AEaaioeinueeiai aiey aioo?eaoeieieo oi/ie.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?i?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 02.00.04 - o?ce/ia o?i?y.- ?inoeooo o?ce/ii? o?i?? ?i. E.A. Iena?aeaanueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaiee aieea eiio?iethth/eo ia?aiao??a ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aaoieieeaaeueii? o?i?/ii? ?aaeoei? A?eioniaa-AEaaioeinueeiai (AAE), ui eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii, a?ey a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/ie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?nio? aii??e/ia noaiaiaaa caeaaei?noue i?ae oaeeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ?aaeoe?? AAE, ye e?euee?noue iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue a neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo aaoieieeaaiiyo, iieiaeaiiy a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/ie, aiie?ooaea aaoieieeaaiue, oa ?? eiio?iethth/eie ia?aiao?aie (oaeaee?noue iiiaeaiiy ?aaeoi?a, eiioeaio?aoe?? aeo?aeieo ?aaaaio?a oa o?i?/ieo aeii?oie). Cai?iiiiiaaii e?iaoe/io noaio ?aaeoe?? AAE, yea eaoae?co?oueny oa?i?iii. Ia iniia? ?? aiae?co aeyaeaii, ui ciaioaiiy oaeaeeino? ia?aa?ao aaoieaoae?oe/ieo noaae?e aaoieieeaaeueii? ?aaeoe?? i?ecaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? iaeiaiie?ooaeieo eieeaaiue a neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo aaoieieeaaiiyo. Aia?oa aea/aii aieea NO, CO oa Cl2 ia neeaaeiiia??iaee/i? ?aaeeie ?aaeoe?? AAE. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ciaoiaeaeaiiy cia/aiiy iaea?eueoiai iieacieea Eyioiiaa aeey ei?ioeeo neeaaeiiia??iaee/ieo iine?aeiaiinoae. Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?oo?eaoe?ei? oi/ee, eiio?iethth/? ia?aiao?e, ?aaeoe?y A?eioniaa-AEaaioeinueeiai, oa?i?i, aaoieaoae?c, neeaaeiiia??iaee/i? aaoieieeaaiiy, iaea?eueoee iieaciee Eyioiiaa. Oaa?onue A.A. Aeeyiea eiio?iee?othueo ia?aiao?ia ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aaoieieaaaoaeueiie oeie/aneie ?aaeoeee Aaeioniaa-AEaaioeineiai aicea aeoo?eaoeeiiiuo oi/ae.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 02.00.04 - oece/aneay oeiey.- Einoeooo oece/aneie oeiee ei.E.A.Iena?aeaaneiai IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca aeaiiuo, eioi?ua i?eaaaeaiu a eeoa?aoo?a, iieacaii /oi iaeaieaa eco/aiiie neiaeiie oeie/aneie nenoaiie, a eioi?ie iaaethaeathony ?aciiia?aciua aaoieieaaaoaeueiua eciaiaiey eiioeaio?aoeee ?aaaaioia, yaeyaony ?aaeoeey Aaeioniaa-AEaaioeineiai (AAE). Ia?aoiaeu iaaeaeo ?acee/iuie ?aaeeiaie aa i?ioaeaiey inouanoaeythony i?e ii?aaeaeaiiuo cia/aieyo (aeoo?eaoeeiiiua oi/ee) eiio?iee?othueo ia?aiao?ia, niioaaonoaothueo ea/anoaaiiiio eciaiaieth iiaaaeaiey nenoaiu. Iaeiaei aei ianoiyuaai a?aiaie ia oaeaeaii aeinoaoi/iiai aieiaiey yenia?eiaioaeueiiio eco/aieth aeeyiey eiiopoee?othueo iapaiaopia (eiioeaio?aoeee enoiaeiuo ?aaaaioia e oeie/aneeo i?eianae, nei?inoue iaiiaeaiey ?aaeoi?a), cia/aiey eioi?uo aeecee e aeoo?eaoeeiiiui oi/eai, ia oaeea oa?aeoa?enoeee aaoieieaaaoaeueiuo oeie/aneeo ?aaeoeee, eae eiee/anoai iaeiaiieeooaeiuo eieaaaiee a neiaeiiia?eiaee/aneeo aaoieieaaaieyo, iieiaeaiea aeoo?eaoeeiiiuo oi/ae e aiieeooaea aaoieieaaaiee. Yoi yaeyaony aaaeiui aeey onoaiiaeaiey eiee/anoaaiiuo niioiioaiee iaaeaeo ioeeeeii neiaeiie oeie/aneie nenoaiu, iaoiaeyuaeny aicea aeoo?eaoeeiiiie oi/ee, e cia/aieai eiio?iee?othuaai ia?aiao?a. I?e yenia?eiaioaeueiii eco/aiee i?ioaeaiey ?aaeoeee AAE, eaoaeece?oaiie oa??ieiii, iaia?oaeaii, /oi n?aaee neiaeiiia?eiaee/aneeo ?aaeeiia a? i?ioaeaiey iaeaieaa oeie/iuie yaeythony LSn-?aaeeiu, a eioi?uo iinea iaeiiai aunieiaiieeooaeiiai eieaaaiey iaaethaeathony n iaeiaiieeooaeiuo eieaaaiee. A aeaiiie ?aaioa aia?aua iaia?oaeaii nouanoaiaaiea oaeeo aaoieieaaaiee a i?ioi/iii ?aaeoi?a iinoiyiiiai ia?aiaoeaaiey. Aiaeec n?aaeiaai eiee/anoaa iaeiaiieeooaeiuo eieaaaiee (Nsmall) i?e oaaee/aiee nei?inoe iaiiaeaiey ?aaeoi?a (k0) iieacuaaao nouanoaiaaiea iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe aeoo?eaoeee aeiaaaeaiey ia?eiaea a neiaeiiia?eiaee/aneeo aaoieieaaaieyo. Yiie?e/anee onoaiiaeaia noaiaiiay naycue iaaeaeo cia/aieyie Nsmall e k0. Aeey i?iaa?ee iaia?oaeaiiie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe aeoo?eaoeee aeiaaaeaiey iaeiaiieeooaeiiai eieaaaiey i?e eciaiaiee eiio?iee?othueo ia?aiao?ia i?iaaaeaii eco/aiea ia?aoiaeiuo aaoieieaaaiee i?e oaaee/aiee ia/aeueiie eiioeaio?aoeee iaeiiiaie eeneiou a cae?uoii ?aaeoi?a eioaineaiiai ia?aiaoeaaiey (C?EI). Iieacaii, /oi oaaee/aiea a? ia/aeueiie eiioeaio?aoeee aucuaaao iineaaeiaaoaeueiia aeiaaaeaiea iaeiaiieeooaeiuo eieaaaiee a ia?aii e iineaaeothueo aaoieieaaaieyo. Aeey /eneaiiie oa?aeoa?enoeee ei?ioeeo ia?aoiaeiuo neiaeiiia?eiaee/aneeo iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoae a C?EI i?aaeeiaeai iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey iaeaieueoaai iieacaoaey Eyioiiaa, eioi?ue oa?aeoa?ecoao ia?o oaioe/iinoe iieo/aiiuo aaoieieaaaiee. Iaoiae eniieueciaai ia oieueei a iaeeiaeiuo oeie/aneeo nenoaiao, a e a aeieiae/aneeo, a /anoiinoe, n aai iiiiuueth iieacaii, /oi i?e oaaee/aiee aeicu ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai eceo/aiey i?ienoiaeeo eciaiaiea eeiaoe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee oa?iaioia aaeeiaiai oinoi?eee?iaaiey, /oi i?eaiaeeo e oiaiueoaieth cia/aiey iieacaoaey Eyioiiaa e niioaaonoaothuaai i?iecaiaenoaa yio?iiee eeaoeie. Aeey iienaiey neiaeiiia?eiaee/aneeo aaoieieaaaiee, eioi?ua iaaethaeathony a yenia?eiaioa, ia iniiaa aiaeeca aeaiiuo, i?eaaaeaiiuo a eeoa?aoo?a, iaie i?aaeeiaeaia eeiaoe/aneay noaia ?aaeoeee AAE, eaoaeece?oaiie oa??ieiii. Yoa noaia yaeyaony ia?aie eeiaoe/aneie noaiie ?aaeoeee AAE, a eioi?ie iaeaeaiu neiaeiiia?eiaee/aneea ?aaeeiu n eniieueciaaieai ?aaeueiuo cia/aiee eiinoaio nei?inoe anao oeie/aneeo noaaeee. Iia iienuaaao oa?aeoa? eciaiaiey aaoieieaaaoaeueiuo ?aaeeiia i?e eciaiaiee ia/aeueiuo eiioeaio?aoeee ?aaaaioia e ii?iaiaua cia/aiey iiyaeaiey aaoieieaaaiee ii ia/aeueiie eiioeaio?aoeee a?iiao-eiiia e ieaeiaa ii?iaiaia cia/aiea eiioeaio?aoeee oa??ieia. A ?aaioa i?iaaaeaia ?aaeoeoeey eeiaoe/aneie noaiu e iiaeaee n o?aiy ia?aiaiiuie. A? aiaeec iieacuaaao, /oi aeoo?eaoeey aeiaaaeaiey iaeiaiieeooaeiiai eieaaaiey iaoneiaeaia oiaiueoaieai nei?inoe i?ioaeaiey aaoieaoaeeoe/aneeo ?aaeoeee n o/anoeai a?iienoie eeneiou. Aeey eco/aiey /oanoaeoaeueiinoe ?aaeoeee AAE e aeaenoaeth oeie/aneeo i?eianae enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea yeieiae/anee aaaeiuo aauanoa (NO, NI, Nl2) ia neiaeiiia?eiaee/aneea aaoieieaaaiey, eioi?ua iaaethaeathony a I?II. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi eo aeaenoaea caeeth/aaony a eieoeee?iaaiee ?aaeoeee, i?e i?ioaeaiee eioi?uo i?ienoiaeeo eciaiaiea eiioeaio?aoeee a?iienoie eeneiou. Iieacaii, /oi aneaaenoaea oiaiueoaiey eiioeaio?aoeee a?iienoie eeneiou, e, niioaaonoaaiii, oiaiueoaiey nei?inoe aaoieaoaeeoe/aneeo noaaeee, NI niinianoaoao aeiaaaeaieth iaeiaiieeooaeiuo eieaaaiee, aaaaeaiea NO aucuaaao eo ioieiaiea ca n/ao oaaee/aiey eiioeaio?aoeee HBrO2, a aeaenoaea Nl2 caaeneo io nei?inoe iaiiaeaiey ?aaeoi?a - i?e a? ieceeo cia/aieyo Nl2 niinianoaoao aeiaaaeaieth iaeiaiieeooaeiuo eieaaaiee, a i?e aunieeo i?ienoiaeeo eo ioieiaiea. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi eciaiaiea cia/aiey n?aaeiaai eiee/anoaa iaeiaiieeooaeiuo eieaaaiee eeiaeii caaeneo io eiioeaio?aoeee i?eiane. N oeaeueth auyaeaiey caeiiiia?iinoae aeoo?eaoeee iiyaeaiey aaoieieaaaiee a ?aaeoeee AAE, i?iaaaeaii enneaaeiaaiea n eniieueciaaiee nenoaiu aeaoo naycaiiuo C?EI i?e oneiaee, /oi a iaeiii ?aaeoi?a nenoaia iaoiaeeony aaeece ii?iaa aaia?aoeee aaoieieaaaiee, a a ae?oaii - a aaoieieaaaoaeueiii ?aaeeia. I?e yoii iaia?oaeaii yaeaiea aaia?aoeee aaoieieaaaiee ca n/ao ianniia?aiina eioa?iaaeeaoia aaoieieaaaoaeueiie ?aaeoeee. Iieacaii, /oi iiyaeaiea aaoieieaaaiee eae ai a?aiaie, oae e i?e eciaiaiee ia/aeueiie eiioeaio?aoeee oa??ieia aaeece aeoo?eaoeeiiiie oi/ee niioaaonoaoao aeoo?eaoeee Oiioa. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca i?aaeeiaeaiiie iiaeaee, iienuaathuae nenoaio naycaiiuo ?aaeoi?ia, onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaaeaeo iieiaeaieai aeoo?eaoeeiiiie oi/ee iiyaeaiey aaoieieaaaiee e ?aciinoueth iaaeaeo cia/aieyie eiio?iee?othuaai ia?aiao?a e aeoo?eaoeeiiiie oi/ee iiyaeaiey aaoieieaaaiee a ianaycaiiie nenoaia nouanoaoao noaiaiiay naycue. Iieo/aiiua oai?aoe/aneea ?acoeueoaou niaeanothony n yenia?eiaioaeueiuie aeaiiuie ii eco/aieth naycaiiuo ioo?i ianniiaiaia C?EI. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeoo?eaoeeiiiua oi/ee, eiio?iee?othuea ia?aiao?u, ?aaeoeey Aaeioniaa-AEaaioeineiai, oa??iei, aaoieaoaeec, neiaeiiia?eiaee/aneea aaoieieaaaiey, iaeaieueoee iieacaoaeue Eyioiiaa. Khavrus V.O. Effect of control parameters on characteristics of the Belousov-Zhabotinskii oscillating chemical reaction near bifurcation points.- Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 02.00.04 - physical chemistry.- L.V.Pysarzhevsky Institute of Physical Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. Effect of control parameters on characteristics of nonlinear chemical system near bifurcation points is experimentally investigated for the Belousov-Zhabotinskii oscillating chemical reaction (BZ) catalyzed by ferroin. A scaling between the responce of nonlinear system and its control parameter is found. The kinetic scheme for the BZ reaction catalyzed by ferroin is proposed. It shows, that a decrease of the autocatalytic rate increases the number of small amplitude oscillations. The efflect of NO, CO and Cl2 on complex regimes in the BZ reaction is investigated. The method for the largest Lyapunov exponent determination is developed for short time-series. Key words: bifurcation points, control parameters, the Belousov-Zhabotinskii reaction, ferroin, autocatalysis, complex oscillations, largest Lyapunov exponent.

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