?INOEOOO INEOIEIA?? ?I.A.N.EINOTHEA

AII OE?A?IE

OAeE 37.015.3 (048)

*a?iaiueeee TH??e Iao?iae/

AIEEA EIAI?OEAIIAI NOEETH A*EOAEss

IA I?AEINIAENO?NI? EIIOE?EOE C O*IssIE

19.00.07 – iaaeaaia?/ia ? a?eiaa ineoieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? ineoieia?? ?iai? A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: ae?eniee /eai AII Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi?
ineoieia?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani?
Iaeneiaiei Na?a?e Aeieo?iae/

?inoeooo
ineoieia?? ?iai? A.N.Einothea

AII Oe?a?ie,
aee?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Ai?eoaanueeee
Ie?ineaa Eineiiae/,

?inoeooo
ineoieia?? ?iai? A.N.Einothea

AII Oe?a?ie,
eaai?aoi??y ineoieia??

iniaenoino?,
caa?aeoaa/

eaiaeeaeao
ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Eieiieinueeee
Iaoi Eueaiae/

I?ae?aa?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y oi?aae?iiy

ia?niiaeii,
eaoaae?a ineoieia?? oa

iaaeaaia?ee,
caa?aeoaa/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,

eaoaae?a ineoieia??, i.Ee?a,

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 25 ”n?/iy 2000 ?ieo i 11.00 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.453.01 a ?inoeooo?
ineoieia?? ?iai? A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252033,
i.Ee?a-33, aoe.Iaiuee?anueea, 2

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ineoieia??

?iai? A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 23 ” a?oaeiy 2000 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aaee A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?iaeaia iaaeaaia?/ieo eiioe?eo?a,
ia?aaeon?i i?aeiniaeno?nieo i?ae o/eoaeai ? o/iyie, ? iaei??th c
aieueiaeo oi/ie nenoaie ina?oe. Ia a?aei?io a?ae ?ioeo eiioe?eo?a, ye?
iiaeooue iaoe ? iiceoeaiee aoaeo, oeae aeae eiioe?eo?a ia? ia?aaaaeii
iaaaoeai? iane?aeee. Aiie aeyaeythoueny ia eeoa a oiio, ui cieaeothoue
aoaeoeai?noue iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano, a ?ieiee ? ?oeiothoue eiai.
Aiane?aeie oeeo eiioe?eo?a a o/iy c’yaey?oueny iaaaoeaia noaaeaiiy aei
a/eoaey, a aeineoue /anoi oea noaaeaiiy ia?aiineoueny ? ia iaa/aeueiee
i?aaeiao. ?acoeueoaoe oaeeo eiioe?eo?a iathoue aeiaaio?eaaeee aoaeo ?
caeeoathoueny a iai’yo? iaaeiaai, iaa?oue i?ney cae?i/aiiy oeiee. Oae?
eiioe?eoe caaaeathoue cia/ii? oeiaee iniaenoino? o/i?a, o ieo
c’yaey?oueny o?eaiaei?noue, o?ono?aoe?y. O/i?, ye? iiaiththoueny
iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a ? ia aaaeathoue anooiaoe o a?aee?eoee eiioe?eo c
o/eoaeyie, ooeath/e aeo?ae nai?i aiioe?yi, ia??aeei ni?yiiaothoue naith
aa?aneai?noue ia ?ioeo o/i?a. Ui ae aei inoaiiuei?, aiia noaea iaae?aoe
a inoaii? /ane iniaeeai aaeeeeo ianooaa?a a onueiio na?o?.

I?iaeaia iaaeaaia?/ieo eiioe?eo?a, yea ? ii noo? neeaaeieeii caaaeueii?
i?iaeaie eiioe?eoo, ? i?aaeiaoii ??cieo iaoe, ii/eiath/e a?ae
nioe?ieia?? ? iie?oieia?? ? cae?i/oth/e th?eni?oaeaioe??th. Iniaeeaa
?ieue o aeine?aeaeaii? eiioe?eo?a iaeaaeeoue ineoieia??, ine?eueee
o/anieeaie ?o ? ethaee. ? oi/ a iniia? eiioe?eoo eaaeaoue ia eeoa
noa’?eoeai? i?e/eie, eiai ?icai?oaiiy ? ae??oaiiy cia/iith i??ith
caeaaeeoue a?ae aaciina?aaei?o o/aniee?a eiioe?eoo: a?ae oiai, ye aiie
ni?eeiathoue ? ioe?iththoue neooaoe?th oa nai?o iiiiaio?a, ye
?icoi?thoue ? noaaeyoueny iaeei aei iaeiiai, ye? ?oi? iioeae, nenoaie
oe?iiinoae, a oaeiae yeei no?aoaa?yi ae??oaiiy eiioe?eoo aiie
a?aeaeathoue ia?aaaao.

Iiaeia aeae?eeoe e?eueea iniiaieo iai?yi?a aeine?aeaeaiiy oe???
i?iaeaie. Oea — ?ic?iaea iiiyo?eii? noaie aiae?co eiioe?eoo, ia?aaeon?i
aecia/aiiy nooiino? eiioe?eoo ? iniiaieo iiiyoue, ye? eiai iienothoue,
oeiieia?y eiioe?eo?a, ?o i?e/ei ? no?aoaa?e ae??oaiiy, oiiae caiia?aaiiy
eiioe?eo?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei eiino?oeoeaiiai ?o ae??oaiiy.
Aeine?aeaeaiith oeeo i?iaeai i?enayoeee nai? i?aoe? Aiae?a?a A.?.,
Ai?iaee?i O.I.? Ei?ye I.I., Aieiaaoa ?.?. ? Iai?ia I.A., Ao?e?a ?.A.,
Aeii/aiei I.A. ? Oeoa?aiei O.I., ??oia I.I., ?oio?aoia A.O., Eaoaa?
A.A., Eiaee?i A.A. ? Cacee?i A.O., Iaino?ia I.N., I?eiaa A.A. ? O?eiiia
A.A., I??ai I.?., Neioo Ae.A., Ooe?i ?.A., O?oa? ?. oa TH?? O., Coser
C., Deutsh M., Johnson D.W.& Johnson R.T.

Cia/io oaaao i?eae?eaii i?iaeai? iaaeaaia?/ieo eiioe?eo?a, cie?aia
i?aeiniaeno?niei eiioe?eoiei aca?ieiai i?ae o/eoaeyie ? o/iyie.
I?aaeiaoii /eneaiieo aeine?aeaeaiue noaee oi?ie aeyao eiioe?eo?a i?ae
o/eoaeyie ? o/iyie oa ?oi? i?e/eie, iiaaae?ieiaa oa?aeoa?enoeea
a/eoae?a, noeeueieo aei eiioe?eoo.

Na?aae i?e/ei i?aeiniaeno?nieo eiioe?eo?a iae/ano?oa aeae?eythoue
iecueeee ??aaiue aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e a/eoaey, eiai iaaeinoaoith
i?ioan?eio iaenoa?i?noue, ui aeyaey?oueny o iacaeaoiino? ? iaaaaeaii?
i?iieeiooe o aeooiaiee na?o o/iy, i?ioe??//y i?ae ?ioa?anaie, iioeaaie,
aeooiaieie oe?iiinoyie a/eoae?a ? o/i?a, oae?
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? a/eoaey, ye eiai oa?aeoa?,
oei ia?aiai? nenoaie oiui (Aeaen??aa I.?.,

Aaee A.I., Aiaoue I.A., Aiaeaeueia I.I., Ai?eoaanueeee I.E.,
Aaa?eethe I.A., Eai-Eae?e I.A., Ee?e/oe I.A., Eieiieinueeee ss.E.,
Eaiioue?a I.I., Iaeneiaiei N.Ae., Ia?aie?ia O.?., ?eaaeea A.A.,
Naie/aiei A.I., Neieoey ?.I., No?aoia ?.A., Nooiieeinueeee A.A., a
oaeiae Chung J., Duryea H.L., Gnagey W.I., Maurer R.E.).

Anoaiiaeaii ca’ycee i?ae iniaeeainoyie eiioe?eoii? iiaaae?iee oa
noeeyie iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy, noeeai iaaeaaia?/iiai ea??aieoeoaa.
Aeine?aeaeaiith noeeueiai? noa?e ? eiai?oeaiiai noeeth cie?aia
i?enay/aii /eiaei i?aoeue (Aniieia I.A., Aei?oiai E.ss., ?eue?i ?.I.,
Eeaon A., Ee?iia ?.A., Eieaa A.A., Eooeaiei A.A., Eaiioue?a Ae.I., E?a?i
I.A., Ia?e?i A.N., Ii?inaiiaa A.?., Iia’yeaeue I.?., ?onaeia A.I. ?
Ia?ee?n N.?.,Necia E.A., Neioi?eiaa ?.A., Oiei/ae A.I., Oieiaeia I.I.,
Oeo?aoiaa ?.I., Gardner R.W., Kagan J., Kelly D., Messer S.B., Miller
A., Riding R., Witkin M.A.). Iaeiae i?aeoe/ii ia aeine?aeaeaii ca’ycee
i?ae eiioe?eoiith iiaaae?ieith ? eiai?oeaiei noeeai, oi/ a ?yae?
aeine?aeaeaiue aeyaeaii, ui a?i ia? aeineoue oe?ieee aeya o ??cieo
aeaeao nioe?aeueii? iiaaae?iee iniaenoino?. Oei /anii c’ynoaaiiy oe???
i?iaeaie noaiiaeoue ia eeoa oai?aoe/iee ?ioa?an, a e ia? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy. sseui aoaea anoaiiaeaii ca’ycie i?ae eiai?oeaiei noeeai ?
noeeuei?noth aei eiioe?eo?a, ae?aaiinooaaiiy noeeueiaeo iniaeeainoae
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a aeanoue iiaeeea?noue ua a i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a caa?iooe oaaao ia oeo c ieo, ooi ia? noeeuei?noue aei
eiioe?eoo.

Aeoiaey/e c aeooaeueiino? cacia/aii? i?iaeaie, iaaeinoaoiuei? ??
?ic?iaeaiino?, aoei ia?aii oaio aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe «Aieea
eiai?oeaiiai noeeth a/eoaey ia i?aeiniaeno?ni? eiioe?eoe c o/iyie». Oaia
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? neeaaeieeii caaaeueii? oaie
eaai?aoi??? ineoieia?? iaa/aiiy ?inoeoooo ineoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie ?i.
A.N.Einothea «Ineoieia?/i? /eiieee ?icaeaath/iai iaa/aiiy a ??cieo
ina?oi?o caeeaaeao». Iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? — 0196U006951.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?aeiniaeno?ni? aca?ieie i?ae o/eoaeyie ?
o/iyie.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — aieea eiai?oeaiiai noeeth a/eoaey ia eiai
eiioe?eoio iiaaae?ieo o aca?ieiao c o/iyie.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaea o aeyaeaii? ca’yceo i?ae eiai?oeaiei
noeeai o/eoaey ? eiai noeeuei?noth aei eiioe?eo?a c o/iyie, o
ciaoiaeaeaii? nenoaie iieaciee?a ??cieo ia?aiao??a eiai?oeaiiai noeeth,
ye? iae/ano?oa aeyaeythoueny o a/eoae?a, noeeueieo aei eiioe?eoo c
o/iyie (eiioe?eoiaaiieo o/eoae?a).

Iniiai? a?iioace:

— ?nio? ca»ycie i?ae eiioe?eoi?noth ye iniaeno?niith ?enith ?
noeeueiaith noa?ith iniaenoino?, yea noaiiaeoue oe?eueia ooai?aiiy,
i?e/iio ia eeoa c? noeeyie ni?eeoaaiiy, ea??aieoeoaa, a oaeiae ?c
eiai?oeaiei noeeai, yeee a?aeia?aaea? aieea iniaeno?nieo aeanoeainoae ia
??ci? oi?ie ni?eeiyooy ? ii?aoethaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??.

— Ine?eueee eiai?oeaiee noeeue ? neeaaeiei ooai?aiiyi, yeee aeeth/a?
??ci? ia?aiao?e, iiaeia ia?aaeaa/eoe, ui eiaeiee c ieo ii-??ciiio
aieeaa? ia ??aaiue eiioe?eoiino? iiaaae?iee.

— Aieea eiai?oeaiiai noeeth ia i?aeiniaeno?ni? eiioe?eoe caeaaeeoue ia
a?ae ie?aieo eiai ia?aiao??a, a a?ae nenoaie iieaciee?a ??cieo
ia?aiao??a.

Iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. I?iaiae?coaaoe iniaeeaino?i?aeiniaeno?nieo eiioe?eo?a i?ae o/eoaeyie
? o/iyie ? aecia/eoe iniiai? i?e/eie oeeo eiioe?eo?a.

2. Noai?eoe ineoieia?/iee ii?o?ao eiioe?eoiaaiiiai a/eoaey c
o?aooaaiiyi ?aoeaen?? iei eiioe?eoieo neooaoe?e, ?o i?e/ei ? niinia?a
ae??oaiiy eiioe?eoo.

3. I?iaiae?coaaoe i?iaeaio eiai?oeaieo noee?a, ia?aaeon?i oaeeo eiai
ia?aiao??a, ye caeaaei?noue a?ae iiey, oei ?aaeoe??, eiai?oeaia
aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?nue.

4. Aecia/eoe oa?aeoa? ca’yceo i?ae oeeie ia?aiao?aie ? noeeuei?noth aei
eiioe?eoo a/eoae?a ? anoaiiaeoe, ye? iieacieee oeeo ia?aiao??a ?
iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieie uiaei eiioe?eoiaaiiino? a/eoae?a.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeee:caaaeueiiineoieia?/-i?
iieiaeaiiy i?i aeoeai?noue iniaenoino? ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae
a?ieia?/iei ? nioe?aeueiei a no?oeoo?? iniaenoino? (E.N.Aeaionueeee,
A.A.Aeaaeaeia, A.N.Einothe, I.I.Eaiioue?a, A.O.Eiiia, N.Ae.Iaeneiaiei,
N.E.?oa?iooaei, Ae.A.Aeueeii?i); oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee iiiyo?eii? noaie
aiae?co eiioe?eoo (A.A.Eaoaa?, I.?.I??ai, I.A.Aeii/aiei ? O.?.Oeoa?aiei,
M. Deutsh, L. Coser), iieiaeaiiy i?i iniaeeaino? i?aeiniaeno?nieo
eiioe?eo?a i?ae o/eoaeyie ? o/iyie oa i?e/eie oeeo eiioe?eo?a
(I.?.Aeaen??aa, A.I.Aaee, I.E.Ai?eoaanueeee, I.A.Ee?e/oe,
N.Ae.Iaeneiaiei, ?.I.Neieoey).

A?aeeny aei oaaae oaeiae oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeaie noeeueiai? noa?e ?
eiai?oeaiiai noeeth (?eue?i ?.I., Eieaa A.A., E?a?i I.A., Ia?e?i A.N.,
Oieiaeia I.I., a oaeiae Kagan J., Kelly D., Messick S., Miller A.,
Riding R., Witkin H. oa ?io? aeine?aeieee).

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue oa
ia?aa??ee a?iioac aoee aeei?enoai? oai?aoe/i? oa aii??e/i? iaoiaee. Aeey
c’ynoaaiiy ??aiy eiioe?eoiino? ? no?aoaa?e ae??oaiiy eiioe?eoo aoee
aeei?enoai? oanoe Aiae?a?aa ? Oiiana; aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao?o
caeaaeiino? a?ae iiey aeei?enoaii oano caianeiaaieo o?ao? (EFT),
?ic?iaeaiee O.A.O?oe?iei, ia?aiao? oei ?aaeoe??
(?iioeueneai?noue-?aoeaeneai?noue) aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith oanoa MFF,
?ic?iaeaiiai Eaaaiei: aeey aecia/aiiy eiai?oeaii? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiino?
(eiai?oeaii? i?inoioe — neeaaeiino?) aeei?enoiaoaaeany iiaeeo?eaoe?y
?aia?ooa?iiai oanoo Aeae.Eaee?. Aeey aecia/aiiy ?aoeaen?? a/eoaeyie ?
o/iyie oa?aeoa?o ? i?e/ei eiioe?eo?a i?ae ieie ? nai?? iiaaae?iee a
eiioe?eoi?e neooaoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeai?
iieooaaeueieee. Canoiniaoaaeeny oaeiae niinoa?aaeaiiy ? aan?aee. Aeey
ia?iaee aeaieo canoiniaoaaeeny a?aeiia?aei? noaoenoe/i? iaoiaee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui a iueiio
cai?iiiiiaaii noeeueiaee i?aeo?ae aei aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie
i?aeiniaeno?nieo eiioe?eo?a o/eoae?a c o/iyie ? anoaiiaeaii iaai?
ca’ycee i?ae iniaeeainoyie eiai?oeaiiai noeeth ? noeeuei?noth a/eoae?a
aei eiioe?eoii? iiaaae?iee, ui ?icoe?th? iao? oyaeaiiy i?i aeoiee
i?aeiniaeno?nieo eiioe?eo?a.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ooi/iaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae
iiiyooyie «iniaeno?noue» ? «noeeue», iieacaii, ui noeeue ia ?
neeaaeieeii iniaenoino?, ii?yae ?c oa?aeoa?ii, oaiia?aiaioii,
cae?aiinoyie, a ? oi?iith ae?aaeaiiy iniaenoino?. Ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo
aeaieo i?i aieea iniaeeainoae eiai?oeaiiai noeeth ia i?aeiniaeno?ni?
eiioe?eoe ?ice?eoi iia? oeyoe aeyaeaiiy noeeueieo aei eiioe?eoo
a/eoae?a.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeathoue iiaeeea?noue iiynieoe i?e/eie
noia?a/eeaino? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue uiaei aieeao eiai?oeaiiai
noeeth ia ??ci? aniaeoe nioe?aeueii? iiaaae?iee, ye? aoee c?iaeai? ia
iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaeiiai ia?aiao?o noeeth. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey
iaea?aeaiiy aeinoia??ieo aeaieo i?i aieea eiai?oeaiiai noeeth ia ??ci?
aniaeoe nioe?aeueii? iiaaae?iee iaiao?aeii aeine?aeeoe ia iaeei ia?aiao?
eiai?oeaiiai noeeth, a ?o nenoaio. Iieacaii, ui aiae?c nenoaie
iieaciee?a ??cieo eiai ia?aiao??a aea? iiaeeea?noue a?eueo oi/ii aeyaeoe
ca’ycie i?ae iniaeeainoyie eiai?oeaiiai noeeth ? noeeuei?noth aei
eiioe?eoii? iiaaae?iee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui eiai ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? o ineoieia?/i?e ae?aaiinoeoe? iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a,
noeeueieo aei eiioe?eoo, a oea aeanoue iiaeeea?noue i?eae?eeoe iniaeeao
oaaao oi?ioaaiith a ieo i?aeiniaeno?nii? ?aoeaen??, aioiaiino? aei
caiia?aaiiy eiioe?eoo, a oaeiae eiino?oeoeaiiai eiai ae??oaiiy.

Iaae?ei?noue ? a??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/aia
iaoiaeieia?/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeo?aeieo iieiaeaiue, a?aeiia?aei?noth
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy eiai iao? ? caaaeaiiyi, ii?aeiaiiyi ye?niiai ?
e?euee?niiai aiae?co aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

Iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1. Noeeuei?noue aei eiioe?eoo aeanoeaa aeineoue cia/i?e e?eueeino?
a/eoae?a, i?e/iio a aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao aiie iaa?oue ia ona?aeiieththoue
oiai, ui aenooiathoue ye o/anieee eiioe?eoo.

2. Oea coiiaeaii oei, ui aiie /anoi i?aeiniaeno?niee eiioe?eo c o/iyie
oeoia/aoue ye ?aaeoe?th ia iaaia ii?ooaiiy iiaaae?iee o/iy ? ia
«iii?/athoue» eiioe?eoo, iniaeeai oiae?, eiee a?i ia? i?eoiaaio oi?io.

3. Eiioe?eoiaaii? a/eoae? noeeuei? iieeaaeaoe i?iaeio ca eiioe?eo ia
o/i?a ? iaa?oue o oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee ona?aeiieththoue naith aeio o
i?aeiniaeno?niiio eiioe?eo?, ye i?aaeei, ia aeciathoue oeueiai ia?aae
o/iyie.

4. Ii?yae ?c caaaeueiia?aeiieie i?e/eiaie eiioe?eoii? iiaaae?iee
(iaaeinoaoiy aeooiaia eoeueoo?a, iecueeee ??aaiue i?ioan?eii?
iaenoa?iino?, i?ioe??//y i?ae iioeaaie, ?ioa?anaie ? oe?iiinoyie o
a/eoae?a oa o/i?a, a oaeiae iaaaoeai? ?ene oa?aeoa?o, aeaye? iniaeeaino?
ia?aiai? nenoaie ? o.?i.), a?ae/ooiee aieea ia i?aeiniaeno?ni? eiioe?eoe
iathoue iniaeeaino? noeeueiai? noa?e a/eoaey, i?e/iio ia eeoa noeey
ni?eeoaaiiy, iaaeaaia?/iiai ea??aieoeoaa, a e eiai?oeaiiai noeeth.

5. Eiai?oeaiee noeeue ye neeaaeiee noeeueiai? no?oeoo?e aiaeii/an ?
oe?e?niei ooai?aiiyi, ui aeeth/a? ?yae ia?aiao??a. I?e oeueiio iaea?eueo
iii?oiee aieea eiai?oeaiiai noeeth ia eiioe?eoio iiaaae?ieo aenooia? i?e
iaaiiio ii?aeiaii? iieaciee?a oaeeo ia?aiao??a noeeth, ye caeaaei?noue
a?ae iiey, oei ?aaeoe??, eiai?oeaia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny ?
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo «Eiioe?eoe a noni?euenoa?:
ae?aaiinoeea ? i?io?eaeoeea» (*a?i?aoe?, 1995), «Eiioe?eoe a
iaaeaaia?/ieo nenoaiao» (A?iieoey, 1997), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
nai?ia?ao o/eoae?a, ia can?aeaiiyo eaai?aoi??? ineoieia?? iaa/aiiy
?inoeoooo ineoieia?? ?i. A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, 2-o
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, yeee iae?/o? 213
iaca, aeiaeaoe?a. Ci?no aeeeaaeaii ia 201 noi??ioe? iaoeiiieno. Ianya
iniiaii? /anoeie — 169 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, aeae?eaii ia’?eo ?
i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii eiai iaoo ? caaaeaiiy, aena?oeaii
iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia ?
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, iiaeaii iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno,
iaaaaeaii aeai? i?i ai?iaaoe?th ?iaioe, ?? no?oeoo?o oa ianya.

Ia?oee ?icae?e «Ineoieia?/iee aiae?c eiioe?eoieo aca?iei i?ae o/eoaeyie
? o/iyie» ?icii/eia?oueny ?c caaaeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee eiioe?eo?a, ye? ?
iaieio/ei noiooieeii aeeooy eiaeii? ethaeeie ? ethaenoaa a oe?eiio, ui
aeeth/athoue iae??ciiiai?oi?o? aeaee, ii/eiath/e a?ae aioo??iniaeno?nieo
eiioe?eo?a ? e?i/ath/e i?aeaea?aeaaieie ca?ieieie eiioe?eoaie.

Iieacaii iniaeeai aaeeeo ?ieue ineoieia?? o aeine?aeaeaii? eiioe?eo?a.
Cia/io oaaao i?eae?eaii iiiyo?ei?e noai? aiae?co eiioe?eoo.
I?iaiae?ciaaii ??ci? aecia/aiiy eiioe?eoo, aeyaeaii, ui iaea?eueo
iioe?aiei ? iioeaaoe?eiee i?aeo?ae, ca?aeii c yeei iniiaiei oaeoi?ii
iiyae eiioe?eoieo neooaoe?e ? ianoi?ni?noue iio?aa, oe?eae, iniaeno?nieo
aeeniiceoe?e, aca?iieo i/?eoaaiue, iayai?noue iaaieo i?ioe??/ ? o.?i.

?ice?eoi iniiai? a?aei?iiino? i?ae aa?an??th ? eiioe?eoii. ?icaeyiooi
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae iniiaieie iiiyooyie, ui iienothoue eiioe?eoi?
aca?ieie (eiioe?eoia neooaoe?y, eiioe?eo, ?ioeeaeaio, o/aniee
eiioe?eoo), a oaeiae i?iyae iiaaae?iee, ui iiaeooue aenooiaoe ye neaiae
iayaiino? eiioe?eoii? neooaoe??.I?iaiae?ciaaii ??ci? oeie ? aeaee
eiioe?eoieo aca?iei, ?ice?eoi e?i?? ?o eeaneo?eaoe?? (oa?aeoa?
i?ioe??//y, oi?ie aeyao eiioe?eoii? iiaaae?iee, o?eaae?noue eiioe?eoo ?
niiniae eiai ae??oaiiy).

I?aee?aneaii iniaeeaino? i?aeiniaeno?nieo eiioe?eo?a, ?o a?aei?iiino?
a?ae aioo??iniaeno?nieo, ioa?aeoa?eciaaii iniiai? i?aeoiaee aei
ineoieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy eiioe?eoo.

Ie?aiee ia?aa?ao i?enay/aii aiae?co eiioe?eo?a i?ae o/eoaeyie ? o/iyie.
?ice?eoi iniaeeaino? oaeeo eiioe?eo?a, iieacaii, ui iaa?oue o oeo
aeiaaeeao, eiee eiioe?eoe nii/aoeo aenooiathoue ye eiai?oeai?, aiie
/anoi ia?aoai?ththoueny o i?aeiniaeno?ni?,i?e/iio ia??aeei iathoue
ieyaee oa?aeoa?, ine?eueee o/i? aeaeaei ia caaaeaee eaeooue ia
a?aee?eoee eiioe?eo. I?e aiae?c? eiioe?eoieo aca?iei i?ae o/eoaeyie ?
o/iyie ia iiaeia ia a?aoiaoaaoe ? e?ecia? yaeua iaoiai noni?euenoaa, ?
??cea iaae?iiy i?anoeaeo ina?oe a oe?eiio, ? ??ciiieaiia? noia?a/iino? a
nenoai? ina?oe, ui aeyaeythoueny ? a iaocaiaeaeaiino? ci?noo ??cieo
iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiao?a, ne?ooia iaoa??aeueia noaiiaeua aeoae?a.
Aiaeii/an aeineoue /anoi eiioe?eoe i?ae o/eoaeyie ? o/iyie ?
i?aeiniaeno?nieie ? coiiaeththoueny ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieie
iniaeeainoyie a/eoae?a.

Na?aae iniiaieo i?e/ei aeieeiaiiy eiioe?eoii? neooaoe?? iiaeia
aeae?eeoe ianaiia?aae oae?:

1) aeii?iaioia noaaeaiiy aei o/i?a, ui ia? ??ci? oi?ie aeyao:

a) noaaeaiiy aei o/i?a ye aei noa’?eo?a ni?eeoaaiiy, a ia iiaiioe?iieo
ia?oia??a;

a) iaiaaaiiy aoaeue-ui aeiaanoe naith i?aaioo, ui iiynith?oueny
ia?aaeon?i eiina?aaoeaiei niiniaii ieneaiiy, iiaithaaiiyi ao?aoeoe na?e
aaoi?eoao.

a) iaaei??ia nioe?aeueia aeenoaioe?y i?ae iei ? o/iyie.

Aeacaia a?oia i?e/ei — oea ?acoeueoao iaaeie?e?a o i?ioan?ei?e
i?aeaioiaoe? a/eoae?a, ii?ooaiiy ieie iaaeaaia?/iiai oaeoo, iecueeiai
??aiy aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e a/eoaey. ?iaeoa eaaeo/e, ana oea e?iaoeue —
e?ioeai ?acoeueoaoe i?i?aooie?a o nenoai? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a.

Iaeiae ? e a?eueo aeeaeii? aeoiee eiioe?eoii? iiaaae?iee. Oea
iniaeeaino? oa?aeoa?o, i?e/iio ia eeoa oae? ?ene, ye aa?aneai?noue,
cacae??noue, ceiiai’yoi?noue, inoea?noue ? o.?i., i?i ye? caaaeothoue
iaeaea an? oao?aoe?, ? e ?io? i?e/eie, cie?aia cieaeaiiy naiiioe?iee,
aioo??n?iaei? eiioe?eoe, ui a?aeaoaaeeny a ieioeiio, a oaeiae
iniaeeaino? ia?aiai? nenoaie.

Ie aeneiaeee i?eiouaiiy i?i iayai?noue ca’yceo i?ae noeeueiaith noa?ith
iniaenoino?, i?e/iio ia o?eueee noeeth ni?eeoaaiiy aai ea??aieoeoaa, aea
noeeuei?noue aei eiioe?eoo ? ?noioiith iciaeith oiai /e ?ioiai oeio
noeeth, a e eiai?oeaiiai noeeth. C iaoith ia?aa??ee oeueiai i?eiouaiiy
aoei i?iaaaeaii niaoe?aeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia?oee aoai yeiai
ia?aaeaa/aa ae?aaiiinoeeo a/eoae?a c iaoith aeyaeaiiy noeeueieo aei
eiioe?eoo, aecia/aiiy ??aiy ?oiuei? eiioe?eoiino?, no?aoaa?e ae??oaiiy
eiioe?eoo, yeei aiie iaaeathoue ia?aaaao, ?aoeaen?? ieie eiioe?eoieo
neooaoe?e, ?o i?e/ei, nai?? iiaaae?iee a oaeeo neooaoe?yo, a oaeiae
?aoeaen?? o/iyie nai?o aca?iei c o/eoaeyie.

Ineoieia?/iiio aiae?co a/eoae?a, noeeueieo aei eiioe?eoo
(eiioe?eoiaaiieo o/eoae?a) i?eae?eaii ie?aiee ia?aa?ao. Iciaeith oaeeo
o/eoae?a ? oa, ui o ieo, ii-ia?oa, ia?aaaaeathoue i?aeiniaeno?ni?
eiioe?eoe (a ia, neaae?ii, eiai?oeai?) ?, ii-ae?oaa, aiie a?aeaeathoue
ia?aaaao aeano?oeoeaiiio ae??oaiith eiioe?eoo, canoinoaaiith oae caaieo
neeiaeo no?aoaa?e eiai ae??oaiiy.

?ice?eoi ??ci? oi?ie iiaaae?iee a/eoae?a a oiiaao eiioe?eoo, ye?
a?ae??ciythoueny ?ioaineai?noth aai iinooieea?noth, aiioe?eiith
iai?oaeai?noth ? no?aoaa??th ?ica’ycaiiy eiioe?eoo. Aeaii noeneo
oa?aeoa?enoeeo ??ciiiai?oieo oei?a eiioe?eoiaaiii? iniaenoino?.

Aeeeaaeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaiiai c iaoith
aecia/aiiy ??aiy eiioe?eoiino? a/eoaey. I?i ??aaiue eiioe?eoiino?
a/eoae?a ie noaeeee ca iieacieeaie oanoo ia ioe?ieo ??aiy eiioe?eoiino?
iniaenoino?, ?ic?iaeaiiai A.?. Aiae?a?aei. Oeae oano aeeth/a? 14
caieoaiue, eiaeia c yeeo ia?aaeaa/a? aea?? iaei??? c o?ueio
a?aeiia?aeae, eiaei?e c yeeo i?eienoaaeany iaaia e?euee?noue aae?a ie
aeae?eeee /ioe?e ??aiy ?icaeoeo eiioe?eoiino?: iecueeee (14-20 aae?a),
na?aaei?e (21-29 aae?a), aenieee (30-35 aae?a), aeoaea aenieee (36-42
aaee). Aoei ianoaaeaii 321 o/eoaey.

sse aeyaeeinue, na?aae o/eoae?a aeineoue cia/ia e?euee?noue noeeueieo
aei eiioe?eoo — 128 (iiiaae 39%). E?euee?noue ae?iie aeaui ia?aaaaea?
e?euee?noue /ieia?e?a: a?aeiia?aeii 67 ? 61. Iaea?eueoo e?euee?noue
eiioe?eoiaaiieo aeyaeaii na?aae e?aei?o ca noaaeai a?oi a/eoae?a —
iain?eiiai ? ia?aaeiain?eiiai a?eo (?c noaaeai 21 ??e ? a?eueoa) ? c
iaeiaioei noaaeai ?iaioe (1-5 ?ie?a).

?noioiith iciaeith eiioe?eoiaaiieo o/eoae?a ? no?aoaa?? ae??oaiiy
eiioe?eoo, ui ?i a?aeaeathoue ia?aaaao oae? a/eoae?.

Aeey aecia/aiiy no?aoaa?e ae??oaiiy, ui ?o canoiniaothoue a/eoae?, ie
i?iaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, nei?enoaaoenue iiaeeo?eiaaiei oanoii Oiiana.

Caaaeuei? aeai? i?i no?aoaa?? ae??oaiiy eiioe?eoieo neooaoe?e, ui ?o
iae?athoue a/eoae? c ??ciei ??aiai eiioe?eoiino?, ai?uaii a oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

No?aoaa?? ae??oaiiy eiioe?eoieo neooaoe?e a/eoaeyie

c ??ciei ??aiai eiioe?eoiino?

N

i/i

No?aoaa?y??aaiue eiioe?eoiino? a/eoae?aiecuee?ena?aaei?eaenieeeaeoaea
aenieee1Noia?ieoeoai3,14,68,09,72Ooeeaiiy4,15,87,78,93I?enoinoaaiiy7,16,
95,66,04Eiii?ii?n8,08,05,44,35Ni?a?ia?oieoeoai7,74,73,31,1

Iaea?aeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui eiioe?eoiaaii? a/eoae?
iae?athoue ia?aaaaeii aea? no?aoaa?? — noia?ieoeoai ? ooeeaiiy.

Iaaaaeaii aeai? i?i i??i?eoaoi?noue o eiioe?eoiaaiieo o/eoae?a ??cieo
no?aoaa?e, iai?eeeaae, oai, aea o?aaa aoei c?iaeoe aea?? i?ae
no?aoaa?yie ooeeaiiy ? i?enoinoaaiiy aai i?ae no?aoaa?yie ooeeaiiy ?
noia?ieoeoaa, eiii?ii?no ? ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa.

Iaea?aeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui eiioe?eoiaaii? a/eoae?
a?aeaeathoue yaio ia?aaaao oae caaiei neeiaei no?aoaa?yi, ui aei
eiii?ii?no aiie aaeathoueny, ye i?aaeei, eeoa oiae?, eiee oey no?aoaa?y
? aeueoa?iaoeaiith no?aoaa?? ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa.

?noioiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith ineoieia?/iiai ii?o?aoo eiioe?eoiaaiieo
o/eoae?a ? aa/aiiy ieie eiioe?eoieo neooaoe?e, i?e/ei ?o aeieeiaiiy. C
iaoith c’ynoaaiiy oeueiai aeai?e eaoaai??? a/eoae?a (128 /ieia?e) aoei
cai?iiiiiaaii aeaoe a?aeiia?aeue ia oae? caieoaiiy:

1. sse /anoi o Aan aoaathoue eiioe?eoe c o/iyie?

2. A /iio aiie aeyaeythoueny?

3. sse?, ia aaoo aeoieo, iniiai? i?e/eie eiioe?eo?a c o/iyie?

4. *e aoaathoue eiioe?eoe c Aaoi? aeie?

5. sseui a eiioe?eo? c o/iyie aeii? Ae, /e aecia?oa Ae oea, /e
aeiaiaeeeiny Aai i?ineoe i?iaa/aiiy a o/i?a?

sse c’ynoaaeiny, eeoa 55 o/eoae?a (43%), ye? a?aeiia?aeii aei oano?a
aoee a?aeianai? aei eiioe?eoiaaiieo, aeciaee iayai?noue o ieo
eiioe?eoieo aca?iei, i?e/iio a?eueo?noue c ieo (31, oiaoi 56%) aaaaea?,
ui eiioe?eoi? aca?ieie o ieo aoaathoue ia /anoi.

Aei iniiaieo i?e/ei eiioe?eo?a, ia aeoieo a/eoae?a, ia?aaeon?i
iaeaaeeoue oaea: o/i? ao?aoeee ?ioa?an aei iaa/aiiy ? cia/io /anoeio
caaaeaiue ia aeeiiothoue, a oaeiae ia aeeiiothoue ni?aaaaeeea? aeiiae
a/eoaey (51, oiaoi 93 %). Aeineoue /anoi a/eoae? (92, oiaoi 72%)
iaceaathoue e ?ioo i?e/eio: ?icaauai?noue o/i?a (A?aei?oeii, ui na?aae
ieo aoee a/eoae?, ye? ia ia?oa caieoaiiy a?aeiia?ee, ui a ieo iaia?
eiioe?eo?a c o/iyie).

Eeoa 11 o/eoae?a, oiaoi 8,6% aeciaee, ui aoaathoue eiioe?eoe c ?oiuei?
aeie, i?e/iio iniiaiith i?e/eiith ?o aaaaeathoue aeiiaoi? iai?e?iiino?,
ia?aiaee noai, a oaeiae i?eieceeaee noai o/eoaey. Ui ae aei aeciaiiy
nai?? i?iaeie ia?aae o/iyie, oi eeoa 6, oiaoi 4,7% aeciaee, ui ?ieiee
oea ?iaeyoue. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue eiioe?eoiaaiieo o/eoae?a iaa?oue ia
aeiioneathoue oeueai, a?aoiaiooth/e naith aeoieo oei, ui oea i?ae??aa
aaoi?eoao o/eoaeuenoaa, ui a/eoaeue caaaeaee i?aaee — oea aen?iia
iaaeaaia?ee.

Aeai? iieooaaiiy o/i?a noa?oeo eean?a (387 o/i?a) na?ae/aoue, ui aiie
?iaeoa ona?aeiieththoue nai? eiioe?eoe c o/eoaeyie.

Ia ia?oa caieoaiiy uiaei /anoioe eiioe?eo?a c o/eoaeyie aoee iaea?aeai?
oae? aeai?: «/anoi» — 20,9%, «ia aeoaea /anoi» — 33,8%, «c??aeea» —
27,9%, «ia aoaathoue»- 17%.

Iae/ano?oa o/i?a iao?th? ? ni?e/eith? aei eiioe?eoo ia?aaeon?i
iani?aaaaeeea?noue o/eoae?a, yea aeyaey?oueny ? i?e ioe?ithaaii? ciaiue
(41%), i?aeo?eioaaiiy aeenoeeie?ie i?ae /an o?ieo ca aeiiiiiaith
«aea?eie» c iaa/aeueiiai i?aaeiaoo (38%), caa?oi? noaaeaiiy a/eoaey aei
o/i?a, ?aii?oaaiiy ?oiuei? aeoiee, iaaei??ia ii?ae?coaaiiy (41%).

27% o/i?a aaaaeathoue, ui aeineoue /anoi eiioe?eoe c o/eoaeyie
aeieeathoue /a?ac ciaaaaeeeaa noaaeaiiy, iaa?ooaaiiy y?eee?a.*eiaei
o/i?a (17%) cacia/aee, ui aei eiioe?eoo c o/eoaeai ni?e/eiy?oueny
iaoaeoiaia iiaaae?iea a/eoaey noiniaii ?oi?o aca?iei c ?ioeie o/iyie.
*anoi o/i? (36%) ia iaiaaeoaaeeny aeac?aeaie ia iaaaoeai? iniaeno?ni?
aeanoeaino? a/eoae?a, a iia»ycoaaee eiioe?eoe c iaaaeaeaaoiith
iiaaae?ieith a/eoaey, aeacothoue, ui a/eoaeue /anoi i?eoiaeeoue a eean c
iiaaiei iano?i?i ? iiaiaeeoue naaa iaaaeaeaaoii, aeyaey? aa?aneai?noue.

I?i oa, ui anooiathoue o a?aee?eoee eiioe?eo c o/eoaeyi, iia?aeiieee
11,8% o/i?a, no?aoaa?th ooeeaiiy («i?iiia/aa») iae?a? 29%, a?eueoa
/anoeia a?aeaea? ia?aaaao i?eoiaai?e oi?i? eiioe?eoo, aeneiaethth/e nai?
noaaeaiiy aei a/eoaey o/iyi (41,8%). Iaeiae cia/ia /anoeia o/i?a (32,8%)
ia aaaea? o?eiaoe nai? iacaaeiaieaiiy a nia? ? eiiaioo? o/iyi nai?
aca?ieie c o/eoaeai.

14% o/i?a iia?aeiieee, ui ?i aeiaiaeeeiny i?ineoe aeaa/aiiy o a/eoae?a,
iaeiae c ieo eeoa 5% aaaaeaee, ui eiioe?eo noaany c ?oiuei? aeie.

Aeineoue /anoi (11%) o/i? aeciaaaee, ui naia ?oiy iiaaae?iea ni?e/eiyea
eiioe?eo, a?aoiaiooth/e oei, ui a/eoae? /anoi, ia ?oith aeoieo
aaci?aenoaaii, aeocothoue c ieo, aaaaeathoue ce?nieie ii?ooieeaie
aeenoeeie?ie, caeaoieie ia aii?aeuei? a/eiee.

Eiioe?eoe c o/eoaeai /anoi iathoue aeiaaio?eaaeee aoaeo ? caeeoathoueny
iaaeiaai a iai’yo?, i?i ui na?ae/aoue iaaaaeai? o ia?aa?ao? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy, a yeiio 68 nooaeaioai ee?anueeeo aoc?a aoei
cai?iiiiiaaii a?aeiia?noe ia caieoaiiy, /e aoee o ieo o oeie? eiioe?eoe
c o/eoaeyie ? iienaoe o?, ye? iaea?eueo caiai’yoaeeny.

Iaoith ae?oaiai aoaio aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yceo i?ae
oaeeie ia?aiao?aie eiai?oeaiiai noeeth, ye caeaaei?noue a?ae iiey, oei
?aaeoe?? (?iioeueneai?noue-?aoeaeneai?noue), eiai?oeaia
aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?noue (neeaaei?noue-i?inoioa) ? eiioe?eoiith
iiaaae?ieith a/eoaey. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaii o
ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Iniaeeaino? eiai?oeaiiai noeeth eiioe?eoiaaiieo
o/eoae?a». ?icae?e ?icii/eia?oueny c aiae?co noeeueiai? noa?e
iniaenoino? ye ie?aiiai iai?yio aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui ?icaeyaea? noeeue ye
iane??ciee ia?aiao? aca?iiae?? ethaeeie ?c na?aaeiaeuai.

Ocaaaeueithth/e iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oao?aoe?a, ui i?aeo?eiothoue ?aeath
noeeueiai? noa?e ye oe?e?niiai ooai?aiiy, ui ia? ???a?o?/io no?oeoo?o,
aeae?ey?ii oae? i?eioeeie noeeueiai? i?aai?caoe??: ???a?o?/iino?,
?iaa??aioiino?, noeeueiai? ?aeiino?, o?ainneooaoeaiino?
(iaaeneooaoeaiino?).

Aeieeaaeii aiae?co?oueny i?iaeaia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiiyoue iniaeno?noue ?
noeeue. Ie aaaaea?ii, ui noeeue ? ia neeaaeieeii iniaenoino?, ye,
iai?eeeaae, oa?aeoa?, oaiia?aiaio, cae?aiino?, a oi?iith ?? aeyao
iniaenoino?. Eiai iiaeia oyaeoe ye ieiueio ia?aoeio iniaenoino? ?
ae?yeueiino?. O noee? ciaoiaeeoue na?e aeya iniaeno?noue, aenooiath/e ye
aioo??oiy eiai aeaoa?i?iaioa.

I?e aiae?c? aca?iia?aeiioaiiy ciai?oi?o ? aioo??oi?o aeaoa?i?iaio,
o?ainneooaoeaiino? noeeth, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiai ?c no?aoaa?yie, a oaeiae
?c cae?aiinoyie iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe, ui aeey noee?a, ye?
ia?aaoaathoue ia ??cieo ???a?o?/ieo ??aiyo, oe? i?iaeaie ?ica’ycothoueny
ii-??ciiio.

O ia?aa?ao?, i?enay/aiiio eiai?oeaiiio noeeth, aena?oeaii iniiai?
i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy eiai?oeaieo noee?a, ?ice?eoi iniiai? iai?yie
?icaeoeo ?aea? noeeth.

Aei iniiaieo iciae eiai?oeaiiai noeeth ye iaaiiai eiino?oeoo iaeaaeaoue
oae?: oea i?ioeanoaeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ciaaaeueieo i?ioean?a; noeeue
— oea ia iaa?? ie?aieo ?en, a oa?aeoa?enoeea oe?e?niiai neioiiieiiieaeno
aca?iiiia’ycaieo aeanoeainoae; a?i ia? ?ioaa?aeueiee oa?aeoa?,
ooieoe?iio? ia ??cieo ???a?o?/ieo ??aiyo ? ?aae?co?oueny ye o
eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao, oae ? a oe?ieiio eean? neooaoe?e o ?aaeueiiio
aeeoo?; iieno?oueny o oa?i?iao a?iiey?ieo eiino?oeo?a; eiio
a?aeaiaeeoueny ooieoe?y ?aaoethaaiiy i?ciaaaeueieo i?ioean?a ? oeei
naiei a?i /eieoue aieea ia i?ciaaaeuei? no?aoaa??. I?iaiae?ciaaii ??ci?
i?aeoiaee aei i?iaeaie aca?iica’yceo i?ae eiai?oeaiei noeeai ?
cae?aiinoyie, a oaeiae i?iaeaie onoaeaiino? eiai?oeaieo noee?a.

I?eioeeiiaa cia/aiiy ia? iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui eiai?oeaiee noeeue
aeyaey?oueny ia eeoa a i?ciaaaeuei?e ae?yeueiino?, a e ia? ??ciiiai?oi?
ae?yeuei?ni? ? iiaaae?ieia? aeyae. Oea coiiaeei cia/iee ?ioa?an aei eiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aaeaea ca oeeo oiia iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui ae?aaiinoeea
eiai?oeaiiai noeeth ?ice?eaa? iia? iiaeeeaino? i?iaiicoaaoe, ye aoaea
naaa iiaiaeeoe a ??cieo neooaoe?yo iaaia iniaa.

O?e ia?aa?aoe i?enay/aii aiae?co oaeeo ia?aiao??a eiai?oeaiiai noeeth:
caeaaei?noue a?ae iiey, oei ?aaeoe?? ? eiai?oeaia aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?noue.
I?iaiae?ciaaii ??ci? iieiaeaiiy uiaei oai?aoe/ieo canaae oeeo
ia?aiao??a. A iniiao eiino?oeoo caeaaeiino? a?ae iiey aoei iieeaaeaii
a?iioaco i?i ineoieia?/io aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th O?oe?ia (Witkin), yea
a?oioo?oueny ia oaeeo iieiaeaiiyo: 1) aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y a iaei?e
ineoieia?/i?e nenoai? (iai?eeeaae, naini?i?e) ca’ycaia c i?ioeanaie a
?ioeo nenoaiao; 2)oaeaee?noue aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? caeaaeeoue a?ae
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie. Uiaei ia?aiao?o oei ?aaeoe?? iaea?eueoa
iioe?aiiy caeiaoee i?aeoiaee Eaaaia (Kagan) i?i aaaeeea?noue iieacieea
oaeaeeino? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue, a oaeiae Eiaaia ? Eiaaia (Kogan& Kogan)
i?i oa, ui oeae ia?aiao? oa?aeoa?eco? nooi?iue ?aoeaen?? noa’?eoii nai?o
a?iioac o i?ioean? ?ica’ycoaaiiy caaea/. ?icaeyaea?oueny oaeiae oe?iea
oeoia/aiiy ?iioeueneaiino? ye ?noioii? iciaee noa’?eoa, ui iicia/a?oueny
ia nooiai? ?icaaaeeeaiai ea?oaaiiy nai?ie ?aaeoe?yie (Block et al.). I?e
oeueiio aeaye? aaoi?e (iai?eeeaae, Jones) aaaaeathoue ca iaiao?aeia
?icaeyaeaoe oeae ia?aiao? noeeth a?aeie?aieaii a?ae ?ioeo.

Ia?aiao? eiai?oeaii? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiino? a?oioo?oueny ia eiai?oeai?e
oai??? eiino?oeo?a Eaee? (Kelly). Ca?aeii c eiai eiioeaioe??th
aoaeue-yea ethaeeia aenoaa? ?iai/? a?iioace uiaei ioi/oth/iai na?oo, ca
aeiiiiiaith yeeo iaiaaa?oueny ia?aaeaa/oaaoe ? eiio?iethaaoe iiae??.
Aeaye? aaoi?e iia’ycothoue oeth oai??th c ?aea?th Aeae.A?oia?a i?i
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-iniaeno?ni? aoaeiie ioi/oth/iai na?oo, a oaeiae c
iiiyooyi eaoaai??aeueii? no?oeoo?e ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? na?aeiiino?.

I?aaenoaaeaii aeieeaaeiee iaeyae ?ia?o a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo
aeine?aeiee?a c iniiaieo ineoieia?/ieo i?iaeai oeeo ia?aiao??a
eiai?oeaiiai noeeth: onoaeaiino?, o?ainneooaoeaiino?, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?c
cae?aiinoyie ? i?ciaaaeueieie no?aoaa?yie ? o. ?i. Iniaeeao oaaao
i?eae?eaii ?acoeueoaoai aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeacothoue ia aieea oeeo
ia?aiao??a ia ??ci? aeaee ae?yeueiino?, iiaaae?ieo, aca?ieie c
ioi/oth/eie. Iieacaii noia?a/eea?noue ?acoeueoao?a ? aeneiaeth?oueny
i?eiouaiiy, ui iniiaiith i?e/eiith oeueiai ? ni?iaa c’ynoaaoe aieea ia
ae?yeuei?noue ? nioe?aeueio iiaaae?ieo eeoa iaeiiai ia?aiao?o, a ia ?o
nenoaie.

A inoaiiueiio ia?aa?ao? aeeeaaeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?iaaaeaiiai c iaoith aeyaeoe ca’ycee i?ae aeacaieie ia?aiao?aie
eiai?oeaiiai noeeth ? eiioe?eoiith iiaaae?ieith a/eoaey. Aeieeaaeii
iienaii iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaea?aeai? aeai?.

Eiii’thoa?ia noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a ca aeiiiiiaith iaeaoo SPSS
aeiiiiiaea aeyaeoe iaai? ei?aeyoe?ei? ca’ycee i?ae ie?aieie ia?aiao?aie
eiai?oeaiiai noeeth ? eiioe?eoiaaii?noth o/eoae?a. Oae, ei?aeyoe?y ca
I??niiii i?ae eiioe?eoi?noth ? ia?aiao?ii «caeaaei?noue a?ae iiey»
+0,28, i?ae eiioe?eoi?noth ? oeiii ?aaeoe?? ei?aeyoe?y -0,34, a
eiioe?eoi?noue ? eiai?oeaia aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?noue aeathoue ei?aeyoe?th
-0,37 (an? ei?aeyoe?? ia 0,05 ??ai? cia/ouino?). sse aa/eii,
eiioe?eoi?noue aeaui ca?eueoo?oueny i?e ca?eueoaii? iieaiacaeaaeiino?
noa’?eoa ? ciaioo?oueny i?e i?aeaeuaii? ??aiy ?aoeaeneaiino? ?
neeaaeiino?. ?iaeoa eaaeo/e, oaiaeaioe?y i?aeaeuaiiy eiioe?eoiino?
a?aeiia?aea? iaaiith i??ith (ei?aeyoe?? ia aeoaea cia/i?) oaiaeaioe?yi
i?aeaeuaiiy iieaiacaeaaeiino?, ?iioeueneaiino? ? eiai?oeaii? i?inoioe.

A oe?e noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny an? iaea?aeai? aeai?,
oiaoi ia o?eueee /eno?, a e ci?oai? oeie ca on?ia ia?aiao?aie. Ia
ianooiiiio e?ioe? ia?iaee aeaieo ie a?ae?a?aee a/eoae?a c /enoeie
eiai?oeaieie noeeyie. Oaeeo (oiiaii iacaaieo «aaniethoii /enoeie»)
aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeyaeeiny 122 (38% a?ae on?o o/eoae?a). Eiioe?eoieo
na?aae ieo aeyaeeiny 92 (71% a?ae onueiai caaaeo eiioe?eoieo — 128
/ie.).

Na?aae eiioe?eoiaaiieo o/eoae?a e?euee?noue aaniethoii /enoeo oei?a o
i?ioeaioiiio a?aeiioaii? cia/ii a?eueoa, i?ae na?aae caaaeo. Oea ?
iaeiei ?c iiia?aaei?o aeieac?a oiai, ui i?ae eiia?iaoe?yie /enoeo noee?a
? eiioe?eoiaaii?noth ?nio? iaaiee ca’ycie. Onueiai iiaeeeai 8
eiia?iaoe?e iieaciee?a. Iaea?eueoa ??cieoey i?ae i?ioeaioiei
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi eiie?aoieo eiia?iaoe?e iieaciee?a na?aae «aaniethoii
/enoeo» eiioe?eoieo (23,9%) ? caaaeo «aaniethoii /enoeo» (20,4%)
a?aeiia?aea? oae?e eiia?iaoe??: iieaiacaeaaeiee, ?iioeueneaiee, i?inoee.
O oie aea /an iiai?noth i?ioeeaaeia eiia?iaoe?y (iieacaeaaeiee,
?aoeaeneaiee, neeaaeiee) oaae aea? ii??aiyii aenieo ??cieoeth i?ae
aeaieie (9,0% ? 5,4%), iaeiae c i?ioeeaaeiei ciaeii: a?aeiia?aeieo
aeine?aeaeoaaieo o i?ioeaioiiio a?aeiioaii? a?eueoa na?aae caaaeo, i?ae
na?aae eiioe?eoieo. Oea aea? i?aenoaao noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui naia oaea
eiia?iaoe?y /enoeo noeeueiaeo iieaciee?a, ye «iieaiacaeaaeiee,
?iioeueneaiee, i?inoee» ? ? iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaiith uiaei i?iaiico
eiioe?eoiino? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai. Cacia/eii, ui oea a?aeiia?aea?
iaea?aeai?e iaie neaae?e, aea aecia/ai?e ei?aeyoe?ei?e oaiaeaioe??,
iieacai?e aeua, a oaeiae aeniiaeai oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co.

Iiaeia aaaaeaoe iii?oiith ? ??cieoeth i?ae aeaieie aeey eiia?iaoe??
iieaciee?a, yea a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iaaaaeaii? aeua o?eueee ca oeiii
?aaeoe??: iieaiacaeaaeiee, ?aoeaeneaiee, neeaaeiee (na?aae eiioe?eoieo
16,1%, a na?aae caaaeo — 13,9%). Anoia?a/ i/?eoaaiith iieacieee oeio
?aaeoe?? (?iioeueneai?noue-?aoeaeneai?noue) ia iaeaaeaoue aei yne?aai
?ioi?iaoeaieo, oi/ iiaeia aoei i?eionoeoe, ui aenieee ??aaiue
?aoeaeneaiino? aeanoeaee a/eoaeyi, iaio noeeueiei aei eiioe?eoo.
Iaea?aeai? aeai? iiaeooue na?ae/eoe i?i oa, ui oeae ia?aiao?
oa?aeoa?eco? ?aoeaen?th aeanii? ae?yeueiino?, i?e/iio aiia ca nai?i
??aiai ia caaaeaee ca?aa?oueny c ??aiai i?aeiniaeno?nii? ?aoeaen??.

Aeai? ii ?ioei eiia?iaoe?yi iieaciee?a aeyaeythoue oaiaeaioe?th aei
caeeaeaiiy, ui na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui oe? eiia?iaoe?? ia?aiao??a ia ?
?ioi?iaoeaieie uiaei i?iaiico eiioe?eoiino? a/eoaey.

Ioaea, i?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeei aenoioo? iaie a?iioace
uiaei ca’yceo i?ae eiioe?eoi?noth a/eoaey ? eiai noeeueiaith noa?ith, a
oaeiae aieeao ??cieo ia?aiao??a eiai?oeaiiai noeeth ia ??aaiue
eiioe?eoiino? iiaaae?iee. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui aieea eiai?oeaiiai
noeeth ia i?aeiniaeno?ni? eiioe?eoe caeaaeeoue ia a?ae ie?aieo eiai
ia?aiao??a, a a?ae nenoaie iieaciee?a ??cieo ia?aiao??a. Iae/ano?oa
noeeuei?noue aei eiioe?eoii? iiaaae?iee niinoa??aaeany i?e oae?e
eiia?iaoe?? iieaciee?a ia?aiao??a caeaaeiino? a?ae iiey, oeio ?aaeoe??,
eiai?oeaii? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiino?: iacaeaaei? a?ae iiey, ?iioeueneai?,
i?ino?.

O aeniiaeao i?aeaeoi i?aenoiee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ie?aneaii
ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. Ia i?aenoaa? ocaaaeueiaiiy
iaoa??ae?a c?iaeaii iniiai? aeniiaee, ye? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue a?iioaco
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aenoioo? ia caoeno iieiaeaiiy.

1. Na?aae o/eoae?a aeineoue ieoiia aaaa a/eoae?a, noeeueieo aei
eiioe?eoo. Oaeei o/eoaeyi aeanoeaa ia?aaeon?i aeii?iaioia noaaeaiiy aei
o/i?a, iaiaaaiiy aoaeue-ui aeiaanoe naith i?aaioo, aeiaea?aeaiiy
iaaei??ii? nioe?aeueii? aeenoaioe?? i?ae niaith ? o/iai, aneiao??y i?e
ni?eeoaai?, iiaithaaiiy ao?aoe naiai aaoi?eoaoo. Aiie /anoi ia
iii?/athoue eiioe?eo?a, iniaeeai o i?eoiaai?e oi?i? ? ieyaeo, iiaeaeoaee
aeineoue o?eaaeeo. Eiioe?eooth/iai o/iy aiie aaaaeathoue i?inoi
ii?ooieeii ii?yaeeo (ia caaaeath/e ia ni?aaaeith i?e/eio eiioe?eoo), a
naith iiaaae?ieo c iei oeoia/aoue ye nenoaio aeoiaieo aieea?a.

2. Eiioe?eoi? neooaoe??, ia ?oith aeoieo, aeyaeythoueny o: a) ce?niiio
iaaeeiiaii? iniiaieo aeiia aei iiaaae?iee; a) iaaeeiiaii? aeiiaoi?o
caaaeaiue; a) aaci?aenoaaieo iaiaaaiiyo o/i?a iaea?aeaoe a?eueo aenie?
ioe?iee; a) ii?ooaii? ii?aeueieo ii?i iiaaae?iee. Iniiaio i?iaeio ca
eiioe?eoe oae? a/eoae?, ye i?aaeei, iieeaaeathoue ia o/i?a. I?e oeueiio
iaaiein ?iaeyoue ia: a) caaaeuei?e iaaeoiaaiino? o/i?a; a) aeooiaiiio
ca?aeiaii? oeiey??a ? aee?eaeaii? nenoaie oe?iiinoae; a) oe?aeeeaiio
aieea? no/anieo oiia aeeooy, iniaeeai iaaieiooth/e i?e oeueiio ia
iaaaoeaio ?ieue cania?a ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??.

3. O ??aeeeo aeiaaeeao, eiee eiioe?eoi? a/eoae? aeciathoue, ui eiioe?eoe
aeieeathoue c ?oiuei? aeie, aiie iiyniththoue oea ia?aaeon?i iiaaiei
iano?i?i, iia’ycaiei ?c ne?ooiei iaoa??aeueiei noaiiaeuai, iaaa?acaeaie
a n?i’? (iniaeeai /a?ac oai?iao aeecueeeo), iiaaiei iano?i?i /a?ac
eiioe?eoe o iaaeaaia?/iiio eieaeoea? ? o. ?i.

Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue eiioe?eoiaaiieo o/eoae?a ia eeoa ia aecia? ia?aae
o/iyie nai?? aeie, iaa?oue eiee ona?aeiieth? oea, a e aaaaea? oea
iaaeaaia?/ii iai?eionoeiei, ine?eueee oea, ia ?oith aeoieo, i?ae?eaa?
aaoi?eoao o/eoaey, yeee ? oae aeineoue iecueeee ?, yeui ia i?aeo?eioaaoe
eiai, a?i ua a?eueoa ciaioeoueny, ui caaaeanoue cia/ii? oeiaee nenoai?
aeoiaaiiy.

4. Iaei??th c iae?noioi?oeo iciae eiioe?eoiaaiieo o/eoae?a ? oa, ui aiie
/anoi ia ona?aeiieththoue oa?aeoa? eiioe?eoii? neooaoe??, ia
eiio?ieththoue naith iiaaae?ieo, ? oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei eiioe?eoo.
Canoiniaoaai? ieie iaona?aeiiethaai? aieeae iathoue ieiia?eueiee
oa?aeoa? ? caeeoathoueny iica ?oiueith oaaaith, iaeiae naia aiie
cia/iith i??ith ni?e/eiththoue eiioe?eo ? eiai ia?aa?a.

5. O/i? aaaaeathoue, ui eiioe?eoe c o/eoaeyie a?aeaoaathoueny cia/ii
/ano?oa, i?e/eie eiioe?eo?a aaa/athoue ia?aaeon?i o: a) iaocaiaeaeaiino?
ae?e ??cieo a/eoae?a, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei ia?aaaioaaeaiiy aeiiaoi?ie
caaaeaiiyie, a) iani?aaaaeeeaiio ioe?ithaaii? ciaiue ? iiea?aii?
ii?ooaiue aeenoeeie?ie (iiaeaeoaee oyaieo) «aea?eeaie», a)
aeii?iaioiino? o aca?ieiao, iaa?ooaaii? i?ace?eeaeo y?eee?a, a)
iaaei??iiio ao?o/aii? a/eoae?a a iniaeno?ni? aca?ieie i?ae o/iyie, ae)
cacae??no?, inoeaino?, iano?eiaiino? a/eoae?a ? o.?i.; a) iaaeinoaoi?e
iaaeaaia?/i?e iaenoa?i?no? a/eoae?a.

6. O/i? oaeiae ia /anoi c?ciathoueny o nai?o i?iaeiao, oaiaeaioe?y
ia?aeeanoe i?iaeio ia eiioe?eooth/o noi?iio ? ni?eueiith ? aeey
a/eoae?a, ? aeey o/i?a. Aiie /anoi aeaa/athoueny ia?aae o/eoaeyie nooi
oi?iaeueii, i?e/iio oea ia na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui o/aiue aaaaea? naaa
aeiiei. Ii noo? eiioe?eo a oaeeo aeiaaeeao ia ?ica’yco?oueny, a
ia?aoiaeeoue o i?eoiaaio oi?io.

7. Aeine?aeaeaiiy eiai?oeaiiai noeeth eiioe?eoiaaiieo o/eoae?a aeyaeei
aeaye? ?noioi? iniaeeaino?. C’ynoaaeiny, ui na?aae ieo /anoea /?oei
ae?aaeaieo oei?a uiaei caeaaeiino? a?ae iiey, oeio ?aaeoe?? ?
eiai?oeaii? aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?noue a?eueoa i?ae na?aaeiy. Ia eiioe?eoio
iiaaae?ieo a/eoaey aieeaathoue iaaiith i??ith iniaeeaino? eiai?oeaiiai
noeeth: oae? eiai ia?aiao?e, ye caeaaei?noue a?ae iiey, oei ?aaeoe??
(?iioeueneai?noue-?aoeaeneai?noue), a oaeiae eiai?oeaia
aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?noue. Iae/ano?oa noeeuei?noue aei eiioe?eoii?
iiaaae?iee niinoa??aaeany i?e oae?e eiia?iaoe?? iieaciee?a oeeo
ia?aiao??a: iacaeaaei? a?ae iiey, ?iioeueneai?, i?ino?. Ioaea,
iaea?eueoo ?ioi?iaoeai?noue uiaei aieeao eiai?oeaiiai noeeth ia
nioe?aeueio iiaaae?ieo aeathoue aeine?aeaeaiiy, aea a?aoiao?oueny ia
iaeei eiai ia?aiao?, a iaaia nenoaia.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe aena?oeaiee o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

*a?iaiueeee TH.I. Eiioe?eoe iieiaeiai niaoe?ae?noa a iaaea- aia?/iiio
eieaeoea? // Eiioe?eoe a iaaeaaia?/ieo nenoaiao. — A?iieoey, 1997. —
N.322-324.

*a?iaiueeee TH.I. Noeeueiaa noa?a iniaenoino? // I?aeoe/ia ineoieia?y oa
nioe?aeueia ?iaioa. — 1999. — N2. — N. 4-7.

*a?iaiueeee TH.I. Aieea noeeueiai? noa?e ia eiioe?eoio iiaaae?ieo
a/eoaey // I?aeoe/ia ineoieia?y oa nioe?aeueia ?iaioa. — 1999. — N3. —
N. 5-9.

*a?iaiueeee TH.I. Ineoieia?/iee ii?o?ao eiioe?eoiaaiiiai a/eoaey. -E.,
1999. — 28 n.

*a?iaiueeee TH.I. Aieea eiai?oeaiiai noeeth a/eoaey ia i?aeiniaeno?ni?
eiioe?eoe c o/iyie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 19.00.07 — iaaeaaia?/ia oa a?eiaa ineoieia?y. —
?inoeooo ineoieia?? ?i. A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eaa?oueny ca’ycie i?ae eiai?oeaiei noeeai o/eoaey ?
eiai noeeuei?noth aei i?aeiniaeno?nieo eiioe?eo?a c o/iyie. Iiaeaii
ineoieia?/iee ii?o?ao eiioe?eoiaaiiiai a/eoaey. Aiae?c eiai?oeaiiai
noeeth a/eoae?a, noeeueieo aei eiioe?eo?a, aeicaieea onoaiiaeoe, ui oeae
ca’ycie iaea?eueo ae?acii aenooia? i?e a?aooaaii? iieaciee?a ia iaeiiai
ia?aiao?o noeeth, a ?o nenoaie: caeaaei?noue a?ae iiey, oei ?aaeoe?? ?
eiai?oeaia aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?noue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?aeiniaeno?niee eiioe?eo, noeeuei?noue aei eiioe?eoo,
eiai?oeaiee noeeue, ia?aiao? noeeth, caeaaei?noue a?ae iiey, oei
?aaeoe??, eiai?oeaia aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?noue.

Chernenkyi Yu.P. The influence of teacher cognitive style to
interpersonal conflicts with learners.- Manuscript.

Dissertation for candidate degree in Psychological Sciences. Speciality
19.00.07 — pedagogical and development psychology. — G.S.Kostyuk
Institute of Psychology, Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine,
Kyiv, 1999.

Dissertation analyses the link between the cognitive style of a teacher
and his disposition to interpersonal conflicts with learners. The
psychological portrait of the conflict teacher is developed. The
investigation of the cognitive style of the conflict teachers showes
that this link is seen clearly when the system of style dimensions
(field dependence, type of reaction, cognitive differentiation) is
analysed.

Key words: interpersonal conflict, disposition to conflict, cognitive
style, style dimension, field dependence, type of reaction, cognitive
differentiation.

*a?iaiueeee TH.I. Aeeyiea eiaieoeaiiai noeey o/eoaey ia iaaeee/iinoiua
eiioeeeou n o/aieeaie. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 19.00.07 — iaaeaaiae/aneay e aic?anoiay
ineoieiaey. — Einoeooo ineoieiaee ei. A.N.Einothea AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa,
1999.

Oeaeue aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou — auyaeoue naycue iaaeaeo eiaieoeaiui
noeeai o/eoaey e aai neeiiiinoueth e eiioeeeoai, a oaeaea a iaoiaeaeaiee
iieacaoaeae ?acee/iuo ia?aiao?ia eiaieoeaiiai noeey, /aua anaai
ano?a/athueony o eiioeeeoiaaiiuo o/eoaeae.

Iao/iay iiaecia ninoieo a oii, /oi i?aaeeiaeai noeeaaie iiaeoiae e
enneaaeiaaieth i?iaeaiu iaaeee/iinoiuo eiioeeeoia e auyaeaiu
ii?aaeaeaiiua nayce iaaeaeo iieacaoaeyie oaeeo ia?aiao?ia eiaieoeaiiai
noeey, eae caaeneiinoue io iiey, oei ?aaeoeee e eiaieoeaiay
aeeoa?aioee?iaaiiinoue o/eoaey e aai neeiiiinoueth e iaaeee/iinoiui
eiioeeeoai n o/aueieny.

A ia?aie aeaaa aeaaony iauay oa?aeoa?enoeea iaaeee/iinoiuo eiioeeeoia,
?anniao?eaathony ineoieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe eiioeeeoiuo ioiioaiee
iaaeaeo o/eoaeyie e o/aueieny, eo i?e/eiu e oa?aeoa? i?ioaeaiey,
?aoeaeney o/eoaeyie e o/aueieny eiioeeeoiuo neooaoeee, i?e/ei e niiniaia
?ac?aoaiey iaaeee/iinoiuo eiioeeeoia, a oaeaea aeaaony ineoieiae/aneee
ii?o?ao o/eoaey, neeiiiiai e iaaeee/iinoiui eiioeeeoai n o/aueieny. Ia
iniiaa iaiauaiey eiathueony aeaiiuo e ?acoeueoaoia iaoaai enneaaeiaaiey
eceaaaaony iiiyoeeiay noaia aiaeeca eiioeeeoa, aeeth/ay aai nouanoaaiiua
i?eciaee, ioee/ey io aa?annee, a oaeaea oeiieiaey eiioeeeoia e no?aoaaee
eo ?ac?aoaiey.

Eceaaathony ?acoeueoaou yiie?e/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey neeiiiinoe e
eiioeeeoo o/eoaeae e no?aoaaee ?ac?aoaiey eiioeeeoia, eioi?ui oa
ioaeatho i?aaeii/oaiea. Auyaeaii, /oi n?aaee o/eoaeae aeiaieueii
aieueoie i?ioeaio ethaeae, neeiiiuo e eiioeeeoo, /oi iie ioaeatho yaiia
i?aaeii/oaiea oae iacuaaaiui neeiaui no?aoaaeyi ?aoaiey eiioeeeoa.

I?e oa?aeoa?enoeea o/eoaeae, neeiiiuo e eiioeeeoo, iniaia aieiaiea
ia?auaaony ia oi, /oi iie i/aiue /anoi ia caia/atho iaee/ea eiioeeeoa,
aeio ca aai aicieeiiaaiea, eae i?aaeei, aiceaaatho ia o/aueony e, aeaaea
iniciaaay, /oi eiiaaea naie yaeythony aai aeiiaieeaie, ia i?eciatho
yoiai. Iaaeaeo o/eoaeyie e o/aueieny eiathony cia/eoaeueiua
?anoiaeaeaiey a ioeaiea /anoiou eiioeeeoia, eo i?e/ei e iiaaaeaiey
o/anoieeia eiioeeeoa.

I?e aiaeeca i?e/ei iaaeee/iinoiuo eiioeeeoia auneacaii i?aaeiieiaeaiea,
/oi iaeia ec ieo — yoi iniaaiiinoe eiaieoeaiiai noeey o/eoaeae. I?iaa?ea
yoiai i?aaeiieiaeaiey iinayuaia aoi?ay aeaaa. Iia ia/eiaaony n
ineoieiae/aneiai aiaeeca noeeaaie noa?u ee/iinoe eae ioaeaeueiiai
iai?aaeaiey enneaaeiaaiee, eioi?ia ?anniao?eaaao noeeue eae neaiciie
ia?aiao? acaeiiaeaenoaey /aeiaaea n ie?oaeaieai.

A ioee/ea io iieo/eaoeo ?ani?ino?aiaiea acaeyaeia ia noeeaaoth noa?o eae
ninoaaioth /anoue ee/iinoe, eioi?ay ?aniao?eaaaony ia?yaeo n oa?aeoa?ii,
oaiia?aiaioii e niiniaiinoyie, iu ?anniao?eaaee noeeue eae oi?io
i?iyaeaiey ee/iinoe, aai iiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue eae ieineinoue ia?ana/aiey
ee/iinoe e aeayoaeueiinoe.

Aeaaony iiae?iaiue aiaeec eiaieoeaiiai noeey eae ninoaaiie /anoe
noeeaaie noa?u, ?anniao?eaathony aai oai?aoe/aneea enoiee, iniiaiua
yoaiu noaiiaeaiey, ianoaeaeathony aii?inu niioiioaiey noeey e
iiciaaaoaeueiuo no?aoaaee, a oaeaea niiniaiinoae, iniiaiua aai i?eciaee
(noaaeeueiinoue, o?ainneooaoeaiinoue e o.ae.). Aeai iiae?iaiue aiaeec
oaeeo ia?aiao?ia eiaieoeaiiai noeey: caaeneiinoue io iiey, oei ?aaeoeee,
eiaieoeaiay aeeooa?aioee?iaaiinoue. ?anniio?aiu oai?aoe/aneea iniiau
yoeo ia?aiao?ia, iaoiaeu eo aeeaaiinoeee, oi?iu eo i?iyaeaiey — eae a
iiciaaaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe, oae e a ?acee/iuo aeaeao nioeeaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe e iiaaaeaiey.

Auyaeaiu ii?aaeaeaiiua ei?aeyoeeiiiua nayce iaaeaeo ioaeaeueiuie
oeacaiiuie ia?aiao?aie eiaieoeaiiai noeey e eiioeeeoiaaiiinoth o/eoaey.

I?iaaaeaiiia enneaaeiaaiea iiaeoaa?aeeei aeiioaco i nayce iaaeaeo
eiioeeeoiinoueth o/eoaey e aai noeeaaie noa?ie. Onoaiiaeaii. /oi /aua
anaai neeiiiinoue e eiioeeeoiiio iiaaaeaieth iaaethaeaaony i?e oaeie
eiiaeiaoeee iieacaoaeae ia?aiao?ia caaeneiinoe io iiey, oeia ?aaeoeee,
eiaieoeaiie aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiinoe: iacaaeneiua io iiey, eiioeueneaiua,
i?inoua.

A auaiaeao aeaaony aiaeec iieo/aiuo ?acoeueoaoia, iiaeaiaeyony iniiaiua
eoiae ?aaiou e iaia/athony eeiee aeaeueiaeoaai enneaaeiaaiey i?iaeaiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaaeee/iinoiue eiioeeeo, neeiiiinoue e eiioeeeoo,
eiaieoeaiue noeeue, ia?aiao? noeey, caaeneiinoue io iiey, oei ?aaeoeee,
eiaieoeaiay aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiinoue.

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