EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AOAe?AIEOeOAA ? A?O?OAEOO?E

NOAIIAA IAOAE?ss AAI?A??AIA

OAeE 628.35

AIEEA EENITH

IA I?IOeANE I*EUAIIss NO?*IEO AIAe

A A?IAeENEIAEO O?EUeO?AO

05.23.04 — Aiaeiiinoa/aiiy, eaiae?caoe?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa
? a?o?oaeoo?e (EIOA?A).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, /eai-ei?. IAI Oe?a?ie

Ie?eiee Ieaenaiae? sseiae/‚ EIOA?A‚ caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e a?ae?aae?ee oa
aiaeia?aeaaaeaiiyIo?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?‚

A??ieue Ieeiea Ieeieaeiae/‚ caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aiaeiainiiaea?/iai
aoae?aieoeoaa ??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aaaeo/ee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee‚

Naa?aeeeeia Aiaoie?e ?aaiiae/‚ caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? a?ieia?/ii?
i/enoee Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ? eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo
i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Aea?aeaoaeo Oe?a?ieI?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:?inoeooo
a?ae?ioaoi?ee ? iae?i?aoe?? Oe?a?inueei? aa?a?ii? aeaaeai?? iaoe

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 22 aa?aciy 2000 ?. i 15 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.056.07 o Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio
oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ca aae?anith: 03037, i. Ee?a,
Iia?o?ioeionueeee i?., 31

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? EIOA?A ca aae?anith:
i. Ee?a, Iia?o?ioeionueeee i?iniaeo, 31

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 18 ethoiai 2000 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

_____________ Aaneeaiei I.A.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia no/aniiio aoai? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee‚ eiee ia
ci?io i?iieneiaeo a?aaio?a i?eoiaeyoue iaaaeee? i?aei?e?inoaa‚
?iceeaeai? ii an?e Oe?a?i?; eiee iaeaea ia?aae eiaeiei ie?aii
?icoaoiaaiei naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiei caeeaaeii iinoa? i?iaeaia aaoiiiiiiai
?nioaaiiy (aeani? aeaea?aea aiaeiiinoa/aiiy‚ i/eni? nii?oaee); a oaeiae
ca iayaiino? ii an?e oa?eoi??? e?a?ie aaeeei? e?eueeino? i?noa/ie oa
naeeu‚ ye? oaae iio?aaothoue nii?oaeaeaiiy ia?niiaeueieo nenoai ii
aiaeia?aeaaaeaiith oa ciaoeiaeaeaiith noie?a‚ aeoaea aeooaeueii iinoa?
i?iaeaia oae caaii? “iaei?” eaiae?caoe??.

??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie aeiaaa? nii?oaeaeaiiy iaae?eieo‚ i?inoeo a
aenieoaoaoe?? oa aeaoaaeo i/enieo nii?oae. Aei eeano oaeeo nii?oae a
iiai?e i??? iaeaaeaoue a?iaeeneia? o?eueo?e (AAeO)‚ ui (ye iieacaee
/enaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeeo oa caei?aeiiieo niaoe?ae?no?a)
iiaeooue aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aei oe?ieiai aaeeoeo i?e iio?aa? i/euaiiy
iiaooiaeo oa i?iieneiaeo no?/ieo aiae c aeiaiaith aeo?aoith ??aeeie aei
1000 i3.

Ia ia?aae? Anana?oiuei? i?aai?caoe?? ioi?iie caei?ia’y c ieoaiue
oaoiieia?? i/euaiiy no?/ieo aiae o iaaaeeeeo n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo
ioieoao (1987 ?.) AAeO aeciai? ia?niaeoeaieie nii?oaeaie‚ aei ia?aaaa
yeeo aoei a?aeianaii aenieo ye?noue i/enoee (aei 7 ia/e ii AIE5) oa
iiaeoeueio eiino?oeoe?th a?iaeene?a, ui aeicaiey? eaaei i?enoiniaoaaoeny
aei ca?eueoaiiy /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy.

Cia/iith ia?aaaaith AAeO iaae ?ioeie nii?oaeaie ? oaeiae aeia?a
ni?eeiyoeea?noue aei caeiiaeo iaaaioaaeaiue‚ ye? ia o?eueee ia
iia??oothoue‚ a iaa?oue aeaui iie?auothoue ?iaioo onoaiiaee‚ ine?eueee
i?ae /an i?eieiaiiy o iiaea/? noie?a‚ AAeO i?aoeththoue o ?aaeei?
?aaaia?aoe??.

Aaaaea?oueny‚ ui iaa?oaiiy aeene?a ? aeinoaoi?i aeey caeo/aiiy aei
nenoaie e?eueeino? eenith‚ iaiao?aeii? aeey ii?iaeueiiai ia?aa?ao
i?ioean?a a?iieeneaiiy noano?aoo.

I?ioa inoaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaee‚ ui o ia?oeo naeoe?yo AAeO‚ i?e
aaeeeeo iaaaioaaeaiiyo ii AIE‚ i?ioeane i/euaiiy e?i?oothoueny naia
ianoa/ath eenith‚ aeiaeaoeiaa i?aeaaaeaiiy yeiai ia oeueiio aoai? cia/ii
iie?auo? ye?noue i/enoee. Naia oiio iinoa? ieoaiiy noai?aiiy oa
?aae?caoe?? oaei? iiaeae?‚ ca aeiiiiiaith yei? i?inoi oa‚ ?acii c oei‚
oi/ii iiaeia aoei a aecia/eoe eiioeaio?aoe?th eenith o naeoe?yo AAeO ?
eiai iaiao?aei? aeiaeaoeia? iio?aae aeey ii?iaeueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
nenoaie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie‚ ieaiaie‚ oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
ca ieaiaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie oa
Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e‚ ui
?ic?iaeyeenue ca aea?aeathaeaeaoiith oaiaoeeith a?aeiia?aeii aei
eiiieaenieo aaeocaaeo i?ia?ai.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea ia iniia? aeeaieiai aea/aiiy i?ioean?a
a?i?iceeaaeo i?aai?/ieo caa?oaeiaiue a?eueo aeineiiaeeo iaoiae?a
?ic?aooieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a AAeO c o?aooaaiiyi eiai
eiino?oeoeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Aeena?oaoe?y iaeaaeeoue aei eaoaai???
?ia?o‚ iia’ycaieo c ?ic?iaeith iaoeiaeo iniia i/enoee no?/ieo aiae.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue aeeth/aee ae??oaiiy oaeeo ieoaiue:

— aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae ianiia?aianaiiy eenith oa eiai niiaeeaaiiy
i?e?ii?aai?ciaie c iaoith noai?aiiy o?ce/ii? iiaeae? a?ieia?/ii? i/enoee
no?/ieo aiae ?c cae??ieaiei a?ioeaiicii;

— iiaoaeiaa ia ?? aac? neeaaeii? aeaieiiiiiaioii? (noano?ao‚ eenaiue)
iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao iniiaieo o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a;

— ?ic?iaea ?iaeaia?ii? iaoiaeeee ia/eneaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith a
naeoe?yo AAeO‚ a?iie?aoe? oa ??aee?e ie?aoe?‚ ui iie?eaa? aena?oeaio
iiaa?oith aeene?a oa aecia/aiiy aeoeaii? oiaueie a?iie?aee;

— ai?iaaoe?y cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo c caeo/aiiyi aeaieo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a iiaoaeia? aeineiiae?oi? iaoaiaoe/ii?
iiaeae? a?iieeneaiiy no?/ieo aiae ia AAeO‚ yea a?aoiao? i?ioeane
ianiia?aianaiiy oa niiaeeaaiiy eenith. ?ic?iaeaia /enaeueia oa
aiae?oe/ia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iniiaieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a AAeO c
o?aooaaiiyi eiai eiino?oeoeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Cai?iiiiiaaia a?eueo
aeineiiaea ?iaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy eeniaaiai ?aaeeio.

Iiaoaeiaaia oa aiae?oe/ii ?aae?ciaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue‚ yea iieno?
i?ioeane ianiia?aianaiiy eenith a /eno?e aiae?‚ i?e canoinoaaii?
aeeneiaeo aa?aoi??a. ?ic?iaeaia ?iaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy
eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith o oeueiio aeiaaeeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a iiaeeeaino? c?iaeoe ?ic?aooiee
iniiaieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a AAeO iaae?ei?oeie‚ oaeeie‚ ui
a?aoiaothoue ia??ai? c i?ioeanaie ia?aianaiiy oa niiaeeaaiiy noano?aoo
aiaeia?/i? i?ioeane aeey eenith. Neeaaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aecia/aiith
aeoeaii? oiaueie a?iie?aee‚ ia/eneaii eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith a ?iiino?
AAeO‚ ??aee?e oa a?iie?aeao; o aiaeieieuao ?eaieo ainiiaea?noa‚ aea
canoiniaothoueny aeeneia? aa?aoi?e ye caniae ii caaaa/aiith aiaee
eeniai.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iiaea aooe oaeiae aeei?enoaia i?e
aecia/aii? eeniaaiai ?aaeeio ? ia ?ioeo ?aaeoi?ao a?ieia?/ii? i/enoee.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aoee ai?iaiaai? i?e i?iaeooaaii? i/enieo nii?oae o
iain?iiao? “Iae?i?aoi?” o Oa?niinuee?e iaeano? ? Iiaai?iae-N?aa?nuee?e
ieoieoe? a *a?i?a?anuee?e iaeano?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o:

— ?ic?iaoe? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano i/euaiiy no?/ieo aiae ?c
cae??ieaiei a?ioeaiicii a AAeO oa ?? ?aae?caoe?? /enaeueieie oa
aiae?oe/ieie iaoiaeaie;

— ?ic?iaoe? ?iaeaia?ii? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo eeniaaiai ?aaeeio a
naeoe?yo AAeO‚ ??aee?e ie?aoe? oa a?iie?aoe?;

— i?iaaaeaii? ii??aiyiiy io?eiaieo oai?aoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a c
aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie ??cieo aaoi??a;

— ?ic?iaoe? oa aiae?oe/i?e ?aae?caoe?? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?‚ ui iieno?
i?ioeane ia?aianaiiy eenith a /eno?e aiae? aeeneiaeie aa?aoi?aie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? aeaeaii i’youe iaoeiaeo ?ia?o.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia 56-e oa 57-e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa oa
a?o?oaeoo?e (1995‚ 1996 ?.?.) oa ia nueii?e i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aiaei? ?ano?ne oa noaeee ?icaeoie
aeiiii?ee A?ea?on?” (I?inuee‚ 20-24 o?aaiy 1996 ?.); a oaeiae ia
can?aeaiiyo ? nai?ia?ao ?inoeoooo a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAIO‚ aea i?aoeth?
caeiaoaa/‚ ? eaoaae?e a?ae?aae?ee oa aiaeia?aeaaaeaiiy EAeOOAA‚ aea
caeiaoaa/ iaa/aany a ani??aioo??.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 147 noi??ieao;
ai?uo? 33 ?enoiee oa 17 oaaeeoeue. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio‚
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a‚ caaaeueieo aeniiae?a‚ ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e c 123 iaeiaioaaiue oa i’yoe aeiaeaoe?a.

Aei caoenoo aeiinyoueny oae? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy:

— caaaeueia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue a?iieeneaiiy no?/ieo aiae ia AAeO c
o?aooaaiiyi i?ioean?a ia?aianaiiy oa niiaeeaaiiy eenith;

— /enaeuei? oa aiae?oe/i? iaoiaee ?aae?caoe?? iiaeae?;

— ?iaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith a ?iiino? AAeO‚
??aee?e ie?aoe? oa a?iie?aoe? a ianoaoe?iia?ieo ? noaoe?iia?ieo oiiaao;

— iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aeoeaii? oiaueie a?iie?aee;

— caaaeueia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ia?aianaiiy eenith aeeneiaeie
aa?aoi?aie; aiae?oe/ia‚ oa ?ic?iaeaia ia ?? iniia? ?iaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? aeeeaaeaii no/aniee noai i?iaeaie‚ noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa oa
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue‚ aena?oeai? ?o iiaecia‚ i?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue oa
aeooaeuei?noue.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi iniiai? i?ioeane‚ ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a
AAeO i?ae /an i/euaiiy no?/ieo aiae; ioe?iaii aieea eenith ia i?ioeane
aeaeaeaiiy noano?aoo aa?iaieie i?e?ii?aai?ciaie; i?iaiae?ciaaii
a?aei?iiino? ianiia?aianaiiy eenith aeey no?/ii? oa /enoi? aiaee‚ a
oaeiae oaeoi?e‚ ui aaeueiothoue aai i?enei?ththoue i?ioeane ia?aiino.

?icoi?iiy cia/ouino? eenith ? aeoaea aaaeeeaei i?e aea/aii?
caeiiii??iinoae ia?aa?ao i?ioean?a aa?iaiiai a?i?iceeaaeo i?aai?/ieo
caa?oaeiaiue. Iieaeoey?iee eenaiue ? iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo
eiiiiiaio?a‚ ye? iinoa/athoue i?e?ii?aai?cie aia?a??th aeey a?ineioaco.
A?i ia o?eueee i?eeia? o/anoue o e?ioeaaiio ieeneaii? noano?aoo‚ aea e
ieeneth? aaeeeo e?euee?noue i?aai?/ieo niieoe ia ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo
iaoaaie?cio‚ ui caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy
i?e?ii?aai?ciaie.

Ine?eueee a i?ioean? ieeneaiiy i?eeiathoue o/anoue ? noano?ao‚ ?
eenaiue‚ oi aieea eenith ia i?ioeane i/euaiiy ia? a?aeaoaaoenue ? a
??aiyiiyo oa?iaioaoeaieo ?aaeoe?e:

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???y5???yI???u?th??????Aeey /enaeueiiai aecia/aiiy e?eueeino?
eenith a nenoai?‚ a?ae yeiai ? iaeiei c iaeiioe?ai?oeo oaeoi??a
aaeueioaaiiy i?ioean?a i/euaiiy‚ iaiao?aeii neeanoe iaaio iaoaiaoe/io
iiaeaeue. O ?iaio? i?iaiae?ciaai? iniiai? a?aeii? iiaeae?‚ cai?iiiiiaai?
??cieie aaoi?aie; aeyaeaii ?o ia?aaaae oa iaaeie?ee. C?iaeaii aeniiaie
i?i noiae?noue i?ioean?a ianiia?aianaiiy eenith oa noano?aoo. Ae??oaii
i?eeiyoe ca aaciao aeey noano?aoo iiaeaeue‚ cai?iiiiiaaio I.ss.Ie?eieeii
oa O. Ooaeaeith; aei yei? aeiaeathoueny ??aiyiiy‚ ui iienothoue i?ioeane
ia?aianaiiy oa niiaeeaaiiy eenith a ?iiino? ?aaeoi?a‚ a?iie?aoe? oa
??aee?e ie?aoe?; c o?aooaaiiyi a oeeo ??aiyiiyo iaaaaeaieo aeua
e?iaoe/ieo ?aaeoe?e RL‚ RN .

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny iaoai?ci a?ieia?/iiai i/euaiiy
??aeeie o AAeO c o?aooaaiiyi eenith‚ ia aac? aiae?co yeiai neeaaeaii
o?ce/io (eiioeaiooaeueio) iiaeaeue i?ioeano. Ia iniia? o?ce/ii? iiaeae?‚
a naith /a?ao‚ ?ic?iaeaii ocaaaeueiaio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue‚ c
o?aooaaiiyi an?o oaeoi??a‚ ui iathoue nooo?aee aieea ia ia?aa?a i/euaiiy
no?/ieo aiae. Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue neeaaea?oueny c ainueie
ianoaoe?iia?ieo ??aiyiue iaoa??aeueiiai aaeaino aeey noano?aoo oa
eenith: a ?iiino? ?aaeoi?a (??aiyiiy (1)‚ (5)); a aeoeaiiio i?ioa?eo
a?iie?aee i?ae /an ?ia?n?eiiai (??aiyiiy (2)‚ (6)) oa aeniiceoe?eiiai
(??aiyiiy (3)‚ (7)) oeeee?a; a ??aee?e ie?aoe? (??aiyiiy (4)‚ (8)).

A ??aiyiiyo (1)‚ (5) ia?oee /eai iicia/a? iaeiie/aiiy noano?aoo (eenith)
a ?iiino? ca aeayeee i?ii?aeie /ano t; ae?oaee — aaeaaeoeaia ia?aianaiiy
noano?aoo (eenith) c ??aeeiith; o?ao?e — ia?aianaiiy ii ii?iae? aei
a?iie?aee; /aoaa?oee — aeaea?aei ?aaeoe?? a ?iiino?; i’yoee — aaeaaeoe?y
noano?aoo (eenith) a ??aeeo ie?aeo; oinoee oa nueiiee /eaie ??aiyiiy (5)
iicia/athoue a?aeiia?aeii ia?aianaiiy eenith c aoiinoa?e e??cue
iiaa?oith ?icae?eo oac iia?o?y-??aeeia a ?aaeoi?? oa aeaea?aei
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy eenith ana?aaeei? ?iiino? (aeiaeaoeiaee i?aea?ae).

O ??aiyiiyo (2)‚ (6) ia?oee /eai iicia/a? aeeooc?th noano?aoo (eenith)
ii ii?iae? aei a?iie?aee; ae?oaee — ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? noano?aoo
(eenith) ca ?aooiie ?aaeoe?? a a?iie?aoe?; o?ao?e — aeoioeyoe?th a
a?iie?aoe? ca aeayeee i?ii?aeie /ano.

O ??aiyiiyo (3)‚ (7) ia?oee /eai iicia/a? aaeaaeoeaia ia?aianaiiy
noano?aoo (eenith) a a?iie?aoe? /a?ac iiaa?oith S . ?io? /eaie ?
aiaeia?/ieie aei a?aeiia?aeieo eiiiiiaio?a ??aiyiue (2)‚ (6).

O ??aiyiiyo (4)‚ (8) ia?oee /eai iicia/a? iaeiie/aiiy noano?aoo (eenith)
a ??aee?e ie?aoe? ca i?ii?aeie /ano t; ae?oaee — aaeaaeoeaia ia?aianaiiy
noano?aoo (eenith) iii?ae ??aeeith ie?aeith oa ?ii?noth ?aaeoi?a; o?ao?e
— aeaea?aei ?aaeoe?? a ??aee?e ie?aoe?; /aoaa?oee — ia?aianaiiy ii
ii?iae? aei a?iie?aee; i’yoee /eai o ??aiyii? (8) iicia/a?
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy eenith c iia?o?y.

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???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyya ??/?? ???&? ?MathType??A?
???u?????????»????-?????H†???HN???HU???H9
???u?th??????wmetafile8? ??·???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 ????&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyy@??E?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????f???m???i???I
???uLthA?????wmetafile8? ??e???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@@(???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy?(??i?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????@????O???…???????
???0???utha?????

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)O iaaaaeaieo ??aiyiiyo i?eeiyo? oae? iicia/aiiy: L0‚ N0; L?‚ N?; Li‚
Ni; Li‚ Ni; L’‚ N’; L‚ N – a?aeiia?aeii eiioeaio?aoe?? noano?aoo‚ eenith
o aeo?aeiiio ?ic/ei?; ?iiino?; ??aee?e ie?aoe?; ??aee?e ie?aoe? i?e
aoiae? a ??aeeio; a?iie?aoe? i?ae /an oeeee?a aena?oeaiiy oa caio?aiiy‚
a/i3; RL?‚RC?; RLi‚RCi; R’L‚ R’C; RL‚ RC – a?aeiia?aeii oaeaeeino?
e?iaoe/ieo ?aaeoe?e aeey noano?aoo‚ eenith ia iaeeieoeth ia’?io a
?aaeoi??; ??aee?e ie?aoe?; a?iie?aoe? aeua oa ieae/a aiaeii? iiaa?oi?‚
a/i3aiae; S, S – ieiu? iiaa?oi? aeenea (caaaioaaeaiiy) aeua oa ieae/a
??aiy ??aeeie‚ i2; DL‚DC – eiao?oe??io iieaeoey?ii? aeeooc?? noano?aoo‚
eenith a a?iie?aoe?‚ i2/aiae; KL‚KC; K’L‚K’C — a?aeiia?aeii eiao?oe??ioe
ianiia?aiino noano?aoo‚ eenith c ??aeeie; ??aeei? ie?aee a a?iie?aeo‚
i/aiae; K”C‚KNa — eiao?oe??ioe ianiia?aiino eenith c aoiinoa?e
a?aeiia?aeii a ??aeeo ie?aeo‚ ??aeeio‚ i/aiae‚ aiae-1; Q, Qi –ia’?ii?
oaeaeeino? iioieo a?aeiia?aeii a a?iie?aoe? oa ??aee?e ie?aoe?‚ i3/aiae;
C* –eiioeaio?aoe?y iane/aiiy ??aeeie eeniai aeey ?nioth/eo oaiia?aoo?e
oa oeneo‚ a/i3; V – ia’?i iaei??? naeoe?? ?aaeoi?a‚ i3; , i — oiaueie
a?aeiia?aeii a?iie?aee oa ??aeei? ie?aee‚ i; N – e?euee?noue aeene?a‚
oo.; Q – aeo?aoa ??aeeie a ?aaeoi??‚ i3/aiae.; W(N) — aeiaeaoeiaa
aeaea?aei eenith‚ a/aiae.

I?e ??oaii? aoee i?eeiyo? oae? ii/aoeia? oiiae.

Eiioeaio?aoe?y noano?aoo (eenith) a a?iie?aoe? ye aeua, oae ? ieae/a
aiaeii? iiaa?oi? a ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano aei??aith? ioeth

L(x,0) = L(x,0) = 0,C(x,0) = C(x,0) = 0Eiioeaio?aoe?y noano?aoo a
?iiino? oa ??aee?e ie?aoe? aei??aith? eiioeaio?aoe?? AIE ia aoiae? a
?aaeoi?

L?(0) = Ln(0) = L0Eiioeaio?aoe?y eenith a ?iiino? a ii/aoeiaee iiiaio
/ano aei??aith? eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith a no?/ieo aiaeao, ye? iaaeoiaeyoue
ia i/euaiiy

N?(0) = N0Eiioeaio?aoe?y eenith a ??aee?e ie?aoe? aei??aith? a?aie/i?e
eiioeaio?aoe?? iane/aiiy eenith

Cn(0) = C*Aoee noi?ioeueiaai? oae? e?aeia? oiiae:

i?e o=0

wmetafile8? ??)???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `?
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA???? ???&? ?MathType?? 
???u?????????»????-?????Mm???M????M???MP???
S???Y???i???G???±,???±1. ?aaeoe?y ioeueiaiai
ii?yaeeo aeey noano?aoo oa eenith.

Aaaaea?oueny, ui L wmetafile8? ??o????+????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?@???&??yyyy?????UA @ ???&?
?MathType???????u?th??????Oiae?RL m = const;RC am + bX = const2.
?aaeoe?y ia?oiai ii?yaeeo aeey noano?aoo oa ioeueiaiai ii?yaeeo aeey
eenith.

Aaaaea?oueny, uiwmetafile8? ??o????+????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?@???&??yyyy?????UA @ ???&? ?MathType???????u?th??????
Oiae? RL (m/wmetafile8? ??o????+????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?@???&??yyyy?????UA @ ???&?
?MathType???????u?th??????Oaenoe oa aeai?eoie i?ia?ai iaaaaeai? o
aeiaeaoeao aei aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ia iniia? io?eiaieo aiae?oe/ieo ??oaiue aoei
?ic?iaeaii aeinoaoiuei i?inoo oa iai/io ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy
eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith a ?iiino? AAeO‚ a?iie?aoe? oa ??aee?e ie?aoe? i?e
ianoaoe?iia?iiio oa noaoe?iia?iiio ?aaeeiao. Iaea?eueo oe?eaaei aeey
oe?eae i?aeoeee ? aecia/aiiy e?eueeino? eenith a ?iiino?. I?iiiio?oueny
ia/enethaaoe ?? ca oi?ioeith:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
  ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`??Y?? ???&?
?MathType??a????uLthA?????(9) aeawmetafile8? ??9???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@@???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy?????? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????ue®???ueE???ueU???ue‘??
?ue7???ueue???ue‡???ue???u?th??????(10)wmetafile8?
??»??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy????? ???&?
?MathType???
???u?????????»????-?????eD???eL???eO???e
???e™???eJ???eO???e????e????eI???W’?
??;A ???u??
???????»????-????CA??????-????????V?p???V?
p???V?i???u?th??????(11)I?e a?aenooiino? aeiaeaoeiaiai aeaea?aea
eenith ae?ac (9) iaaoaea oaeiai aeaeyaeo:

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¤yyy ??Ae?? ???&?
?MathType??p????uAye?????wmetafile8? ??A???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@?-???&??yyyy?????Ayyy©yyyA,??e?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????????`???u?yae?????(12)aeawmeta
file8? ??_???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?
a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy ??¶ ?? ???&?
?MathType??`???uAye?????wmetafile8? ??Ae???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@@3???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy?3??e?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????A???r???ueya?????(13)aeawmetaf
ile8? ??”??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyycyyya??‚?? ???&? ?MathType??
 ???u?????????»????-??????e????Oe
???u?????????»????-????TO ???5 ???u??
???????»????-????=???Oe???-????Oed???‘?E???‘?E
???‘?oe???a???A8???-????E8???y†???-????
y????Ia’?iia oaeaee?noue iioieo a ??aee?e ie?aoe? Qi, i3/aiae:

wmetafile8? ??ae???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???o?? ???&?
?MathType?? ????uiueA?????r — iacii/oaaiee ?aae?on‚ i;

n — /anoioa iaa?oaiiy aeeneo‚ ia/aiae.

*anoi caio?aiiy aeene?a oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia eooii caio?aiiy‚ a
niaoe?aeueiei eiao?oe??ioii K (wmetafile8? ?? ???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??o?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u`th??????Oiae? a?aeiioaiiy Qn/S ni?iuo?oueny aei
ae?aco:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy???u?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????ue@????ue
???ueAE???uey???u?th??????I?e canoinoaaii? eiao?oe??ioa
caio?aiiy K oa a?ae?aae?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy q a?aeiia?aeiei /eiii
ci?iththoueny ?ic?aooieia? oi?ioee (10) -(13).

I?e iaiao?aeiino? aecia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith a ??aee?e ie?aoe?‚
ui iie?eaa? iiaa?oith aeeneo i?ae /an aeniiceoe?eiiai oeeeeo‚ iiaeia
nei?enoaoeny ae?acii:

wmetafile8? ??S???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 @???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/2yyy???]?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u0thY?????wmetafile8? ??3/4???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @
+???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyya*??ue?? ???&? ?MathType??
???uAye?????(15)

I?e canoinoaaii? aeey noano?aoo e?iaoeee ia?oiai ii?yaeeo:

wmetafile8? ??“???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @
`2???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy 2??ue?? ???&? ?MathType??
???uAye?????(16)sse iieacaa aiae?c‚ i?e iaaaeeeeo cia/aiiyo AIE ia
aoiae? /eai A4L00‚ ? ae?ac (16) aaoiiaoe/ii iaaoaa? aeaeyaeo ae?aco
(15).

Eiioeaio?aoe?y eenith a aoaeue-ye?e oi/oe? a?iie?aee ieae/a oa aeua
aiaeii? iiaa?oi? aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeaie:

wmetafile8? ??8???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @ 
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy` ??n?? ???&? ?MathType??
???uAye?????wmetafile8? ??u???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
? ???&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyy`??F?? ???&?
?MathType??????u0thY?????O ?iaio? aoa io?eiaiee oaeiae ae?ac aeey
aecia/aiiy oiaueie aeoeaiiai i?ioa?eo a?iie?aee ‚ i:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¤yyyA ??d?? ???&? ?MathType??`?
???u?????????»????-?????IA???°o ???u??
???????»????-?????o???p:???-?????pB???d? ???d
? ???d?c ???u?th??????wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
? /???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`/??4?? ???&?
?MathType??????uAyU?????wmetafile8? ??°???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy ??|?? ???&? ?MathType??`?
???u?????????»????-?????AA???§n ???u??
???????»????-?????n???p8???-?????p@???L?????L
?????L?A ???u?th??????O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii oaeiae aeaye?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o aeo?aeieo ia?aiao??a ? eiao?oe??io?a‚ ye?
aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo ?ic?aooieiaeo caeaaeiinoae.

Oae‚ oiaueio ??aeei? ie?aee aeioe?eueii ia/enethaaoe ca oi?ioeith
C?aaee?iea:

wmetafile8? ??T?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?
???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyya???A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????&??yyyy??????????`>E?wmetafile8?
??Y??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ? ???&??yyyy?????eyyyAyyy??@?? ???&?
?MathType??
???u?????????»????-?????1i???1a???1???1????Y
 ???Y ???u’thY????? — e?iaiaoe/ia a’yce?noue aiaee‚ i2/n.

Cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo iieaeoey?ii? aeeooc?? eenith i?eeia?oueny ca
ae?acii:

wmetafile8? ??U???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????   
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy` ??Oe?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????ue????ueE ???u?th?????? —
aeeiai?/iee eiao?oe??io a’yceino? ??aeeie‚ ea/(in).

Eiao?oe??io ianiia?aianaiiy EC ia/eneth?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

wmetafile8? ??h???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¤yyya ??d?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????hi???h

???uo???ss# ???u??
???????»????-????c#???dj???-?????dr???d?????d
?????d?>???u?th??????Eiao?oe??io ianiia?aianaiiy eenith c
aoiinoa?e aei ?iiino? ?aaeoi?a ENa ? i?iii?oe?eiei eiao?oe??ioo
ianiia?aianaiiy e??cue ??aeeo ie?aeo oa a?aoiao? oaeiae aieea iiaa?oi?
oi?eaiiy aaco c ??aeeiith‚ a?aeianaii? aei iaeeieoe? ia’?io:

wmetafile8? ??S???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @?
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@ ??o?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u`th?????? O ?iaio? i?eeia?oueny: wmetafile8?
??!??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?A ???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy? ??A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th?????? A?eueo aeaoaeueia ?ioi?iaoe?y uiaei aeai?o
aeo?aeieo ia?aiao??a ? eiao?oe??io?a c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao ia ieo ??cieo
oaeoi??a iaaaaeaia o i.3.3 aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Io?eiai? oai?aoe/i? aeai? aoee ii??aiyi? c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie
??cieo aaoi??a (Aeae. O?oaeeai‚ A. Iaie?i?‚ Aeae. Aa??ie? oa ?ioeie).
sse i?eeeaae ia ?en.1‚2‚3 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe c?noaaeaiiy
?ic?aooieiaeo oa io?eiaieo aeine?aeiei oeyoii eiioeaio?aoe?e eenith oa
noano?aoo.

?enoiie 1 — A?ao?e ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith a ?iiino? AAeO

i?e ??ci?e /anoio? iaa?oaiiy aeene?a (aeine?aei? aeai? A.
Iaie?i?)?enoiie 2 — A?ao?ee ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe?e eenith oa AIE ii
oiauei? a?iie?aee

o ia?o?e naeoe?? AAeO (aeine?aei? aeai? Aeae. Oaioea?i)?enoiie 3 —
A?ao?ee ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe?e eenith oa AIE a ?iiino? AAeO

i?e ??ci?e /anoio? iaa?oaiiy aeene?a (aeine?aei? aeai? A.
O??aeiaia)?ic?aooiee i?iaiaeeeenue aeey aecia/aiiy AIE — ca aiae?oe/ieie
caeaaeiinoyie‚ iaaaaeaieie o i. 2.3 aeena?oaoe??; aeey aecia/aiiy
eiioeaio?aoe?e eenith — ca ?iaeaia?iith iaoiaeeeith ?ic?aooieo‚
aeeeaaeaiith aeua.

I?iaaaeaia ai?iaaoe?y aeicaiey? noaeeoe i?i aeinoaoith a??ia?aei?noue oa
iaae?ei?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo (iioeaea ia ia?aaeuo?
5%); ui aeicaiey? i?e a?aeiieo eiao?oe??ioao ianiia?aianaiiy‚
iieaeoey?ii? aeeooc??‚ oiui iae?aoe iioeiaeuei? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e
AAeO aac iaiao?aeiino? i?iaaaeaiiy aeey oeueiai aeiaeaoeiaeo
aenia?eiaio?a. Iiia?aaei? aiae?oe/ia aecia/aiiy iiaeeeaeo eiioeaio?aoe?e
eenith a ?iiino? AAeO aeicaiey? ua ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy aeyaeoe o?
naeoe??‚ aea N? iaioa 1,5 ia/e (o oaeeo oiiaao i/euaiiy noie?a iaeaea ia
a?aeaoaa?oueny) ? aaeeoe iaaieo caiia?aeieo caoiae?a (ca?eueoaiiy
/anoioe iaa?oaiiy aeene?a‚ aeiaeaoeiaa i?aeaaaeaiiy eenith‚ iiia?aaeiy
aa?aoe?y no?/ieo aiae‚ oiui).

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi i?ioeane ia?aianaiiy eenith a /eno?e
aiae? i?e aeei?enoaii? aeeneiaeo aa?aoi??a. Iiaoaeiaaii o?ce/io oa
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano‚ yea neeaaea?oueny c aeaio ianoaoe?iia?ieo
??aiyiue iaoa??aeueiiai aaeaino eenith a ?iiino? (19) oa ??aee?e ie?aoe?
(20):

wmetafile8? ??N????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
a???&??yyyy?????Ayyycyyy ??A ?? ???&?
?MathType??????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy???i?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????@????????l???

(20)I?e ??oaii? nenoaie ??aiyiue (19-20) i?eeiyo? oae? ii/aoeia? oiiae:

1. Eiioeaio?aoe?y eenith a ?iiino? (aiaeieieu?) a ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano
aei??aith? eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith a aiae?, ui iaaeoiaeeoue aei ?iiino?

N?(0) = N0 2. Eiioeaio?aoe?y eenith a ??aee?e ie?aoe? aei??aith?
e?aei?e eiioeaio?aoe?? iane/aiiy eeniai aiaee

Cn(0) = C*

I?e ??oaii? nenoaio (9-10) aoei ia?aaaaeaii aei aac?ici??iiai aeaeyaeo:

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??:?? ???&? ?MathType???
???u?????????»????-?????n?!???n?5???eI???eC???f
???f????`????t???? ????(22)Naia ??oaiiy
io?eiaia o aeaeyae?: wmetafile8? ??/???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 ????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyyA??V?? ???&? ?MathType??`?
???u?????????»????-?????wmetafile8? ??r???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@A»???&??yyyy?????Ayyyµyyy?»??o?? ???&? ?MathType?? ?
???u?????????»????-???????_??????s ???u??
???????»????-????o?c???o?????uAye?????Cia/aiiy aaaaeaieo
i?e ?ic?aooieao eiao?oe??io?a i?aaenoaaeai? o aeena?oaoe??.

Ia aac? aiae?oe/iiai ??oaiiy neeaaeaii ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo
eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith a ?iiino? o aoaeue-yeee i?ii?aeie /ano.

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
? ???&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyy`??%?? ???&? ?MathType??
???uAye?????sse aa/eii‚ eiioeaio?aoe?y N? aeey /enoi? aiaee a
ianoaoe?iia?ieo oiiaao i?e aeei?enoaii? aeeneiaeo aa?aoi??a ci?ith?oueny
ca oei naiei caeiiii‚ ui ? aeey no?/ii? ??aeeie a AAeO; ca oei eeoa
aeiyoeii‚ ui cia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith i?e noaoe?iia?iiio ?aaeei? N
ooo aeiaoiaeyoueny ca ae?acii:

wmetafile8? ??D???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@ %???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`%??e?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????¦???N???u?yae?????O caieioo?e
nenoai?‚ i?e a?aenooiino? aeo?ao ??aeeie (Q = 0) oa aeiaeaoeiai? ooo/ii?
aa?aoe?? (W(C) = 0) ia?ii: wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy@??A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????Oiae?wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¤yyy ??Ae?? ???&?
?MathType??p????uAye?????sse i?eeeaae‚ ia ?en.4 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe
c?noaaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo aeaieo (nooe?eueia e?eaa ia a?ao?eao) c
aeine?aeieie aeaieie ?aiaoaiea A.A. (oi/ee ia a?ao?eao) aeey aa?aoi??a c
ia?oiaeeneaie. ?ica?aei?noue a on?o aeiaaeeao ia ia?aaeuo? 5%.

?enoiie 4 — Ci?ia eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith a ?iiino? c /anii (a); a
caeaaeiino? a?ae /anoioe iaa?oaiiy (a) oa caio?aiiy aeene?a (a)

Caaaeuei? aeniiaee

1. Aea/aii iaoai?ci oa iniaeeaino? ia?aianaiiy oa niiaeeaaiiy eenith i?e
aa?iaiiio a?ieia?/iiio ieeneaii? i?aai?/ieo niieoe a a?iaeeneiaeo
o?eueo?ao (AAeO).

2. Ia aac? no/anieo oyaeaiue i?i i?ioeane ianiia?aianaiiy eenith oa eiai
niiaeeaaiiy i?e?ii?aai?ciaie a oiae? aeeo/aiiy noano?aoo neeaaeaii
o?ce/io iiaeaeue i/euaiiy no?/ieo aiae ia AAeO c o?aooaaiiyi eenith.

3. Ia aac? o?ce/ii? iiaeae? iiaoaeiaaii a?eueo aeineiiaeo ianoaoe?iia?io
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue‚ yea iieno? i?ioeane aca?iiae?? noano?aoo oa
eenith.

4. Io?eiaia aiae?oe/ia ??oaiiy aeey aeaio aeiaaee?a: ?aaeoe?y ioeueiaiai
ii?yaeeo aeey noano?aoo oa eenith oa ?aaeoe?y ia?oiai ii?yaeeo aeey
noano?aoo ? ioeueiaiai aeey eenith; aeey iae?i?eii? e?iaoeee Iiii
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aoea ?aae?ciaaia /enaeueieie iaoiaeaie.

5. Ia aac? io?eiaieo aiae?oe/ieo ??oaiue ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo
aecia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith o naeoe?yo AAeO‚ a?iie?aoe? oa ??aee?e
ie?aoe?‚ ui iie?eaa? aena?oeaio iiaa?oith aeene?a; oea aea? iiaeeea?noue
ua ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy caaeaaaoe oae? eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e AAeO‚
ye? caaacia/aoue iaiao?aeiee aeey i/euaiiy eeniaaee ?aaeei.

6. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aeoeaii? oiaueie a?iie?aee ye
oaei?‚ ui i?inoyaa?oueny a?ae iiaa?oi? a?iie?aee a ?? aeeaeio aei i?noey
c ioeueiaith eiioeaio?aoe??th eenith (ui oa?aeoa?ii aeey ia?oeo naeoe?e
AAeO) aai aei i?noey c ioeueiaith eiioeaio?aoe??th noano?aoo (ui
oa?aeoa?ii aeey inoaii?o naeoe?e).

7. Ia iniia? aiae?co ??ciiiai?oieo oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue neeaaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o iniiaieo
?ic?aooieiaeo ia?aiao??a ? eiao?oe??io?a.

8. I?iaaaeaia ai?iaaoe?y cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo c caeo/aiiyi
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ??cieo aaoi??a. ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo
?ic?aooie?a aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny c ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?ae?a.

9. Aea/aii iaoai?ci ia?aianaiiy eenith aeeneiaeie aa?aoi?aie a /eno?e
aiae? oa neeaaeaii o?ce/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano‚ ia iniia? yei? iiaoaeiaaii
caaaeueio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue.

10. Io?eiaia aiae?oe/ia ??oaiiy oa ?ic?iaeaia ?iaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith a aiaeieieuao‚ aea canoiniaothoueny
aeeneia? aa?aoi?e; yea aoea ai?iaiaaia c aeei?enoaiiyi aeine?aeieo
aeaieo ??cieo aaoi??a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao:

1.Ie?eiee I.ss.‚ Noaiiaa I.A. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a
ia?aianaiiy noano?aoo oa eenith a a?iaeeneiaeo o?eueo?ao. //Aeiiia?ae?
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie, 1998‚ ?10, n.206-209.

2.Noaiiaa I.A. Aieea eenith ia a?ii/euaiiy no?/ieo aiae. //Aiaeia
ainiiaea?noai Oe?a?ie, 1998‚ ?1-2, n.38-39.

3.Noaiiaay I.A. Au/eneaiea eiioeaio?aoeee eenei?iaea a aeiaeeneiauo
oeeueo?ao. //Yeioaoiieiaee e ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea, 1998‚ ?6, n. 62-65.

5.Ie?eiee I.ss.‚ Noaiiaa I.A. Ieeniaiiy i?aai?/ieo niieoe ia
a?io?eueo?ao. //Aiaeia ainiiaea?noai Oe?a?ie, 1998‚ ?1-2, n.34-36.

6.Ieaeiee A.ss., Noaiiaay I.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea iinooieaiey eenei?iaea i?e
ieeneaiee i?aaie/aneeo niaaeeiaiee ia aeiaeeneiauo oeeueo?ao.
//Iaoa?eaeu iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Aiaeiua ?ano?nu e
onoie/eaia ?acaeoea yeiiiieee Aaea?one”, oii II, oacenu niiauaiee,
Ieine, 1996, n.115-117.

Aiioaoe?y

Noaiiaa Iaoae?y Aai?a??aia. Aieea eenith ia i?ioeane i/euaiiy no?/ieo
aiae a a?iaeeneiaeo o?eueo?ao. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.04 — aiaeiiinoa/aiiy, eaiae?caoe?y. Ee?anueeee
iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e‚ Ee?a‚ 1999.

Neeaaeaii o?ce/io oa iaoaiaoe/io iiaeae? i/euaiiy no?/ieo aiae ia
a?iaeeneiaeo o?eueo?ao (AAeO) c o?aooaaiiyi i?ioean?a ianiia?aianaiiy oa
niiaeeaaiiy eenith. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ?aae?ciaaia /enaeueieie oa
aiae?oe/ieie iaoiaeaie. Ia iniia? aiae?oe/iiai ??oaiiy iiaoaeiaaia
?iaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo eiioeaio?aoe?e eenith a naeoe?yo AAeO‚
a?iie?aoe? oa ??aee?e ie?aoe?‚ ui iie?eaa? aena?oeaio iiaa?oith aeeneo
i?e ianoaoe?iia?iiio oa noaoe?iia?iiio ?aaeeiao. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea
aecia/aiiy oiaueie aeoeaiiai i?ioa?eo a?iie?aee.

I?iaaaeaia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a aa?aoe?? i?e?iaeieo aiaeieieu
aeeneiaeie aa?aoi?aie. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue‚ ui iieno? i?ioeane
ia?aianaiiy eenith a /eno?e aiae?‚ ?aae?ciaaia aiae?oe/ieie iaoiaeaie‚
ia aac? yeeo neeaaeaii ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo eiioeaio?aoe?e
eenith.

An? cai?iiiiiaai? ?ic?aooieia? iaoiaeeee aoee ai?iaiaai? ia aeine?aeieo
aeaieo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: no?/i? aiaee‚ a?iaeeneiaee o?eueo?‚ eenaiue‚ a?iie?aea‚
??aeea ie?aea‚ aeeneiaee aa?aoi?‚ iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo.

Aiiioaoeey

Noaiiaay Iaoaeey Aai?aeaaia. Aeeyiea eenei?iaea ia i?ioeannu i/enoee
noi/iuo aiae a aeiaeeneiauo oeeueo?ao. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.04 — aiaeiniaaaeaiea, eaiaeecaoeey. Eeaaneee
iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u, Eeaa, 1999.

Ai aaaaeaiee iainiiaaia aeooaeueiinoue oaiu, noi?ioee?iaaia oeaeue
enneaaeiaaiee, aeaia iauay oa?aeoa?enoeea ?aaiou.

A ia?aii ?acaeaea ?anniio?aiu iniiaiua i?ioeannu, eioi?ua i?ienoiaeyo a
aeiaeeneiauo oeeueo?ao (AAeO) ai a?aiy i/enoee noi/iuo aiae; ioeaiaii
aeeyiea eenei?iaea ia i?ioeannu ecuyoey noano?aoa ay?iaiuie
iee?ii?aaieciaie; i?iaiaeece?iaaiu ioee/ey ianniia?aiina eenei?iaea a
/enouo e noi/iuo aiaeao. Auee eco/aiu nouanoaothuea iiaeaee ia?aiina
eenei?iaea, i?aaeeiaeaiiua ?aciuie aaoi?aie. Auyaeaiu n?aaieoaeueiua eo
i?aeiouanoaa e iaaeinoaoee.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea ninoaaeaia oece/aneay iiaeaeue i/enoee noi/iuo aiae a
AAeO, ia aaca eioi?ie ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue, ninoiyuay ec
ainueie ianoaoeeiia?iuo o?aaiaiee iaoa?eaeueiiai aaeaina aeey noano?aoa
e eenei?iaea e iienuaathuay i?ioeannu, i?ienoiaeyuea a ?ieinoe AAeO,
aeeaeeie ie?iea, iie?uaathuae iiaa?oiinoue aeeneia i?e auoiaea ec aiaeu;
a oaeaea aeiie?iea, eae auoa, oae e ieaea aiaeiie iiaa?oiinoe. Iauay
iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue auea ?aaeeciaaia /eneaiiuie iaoiaeaie.
Aiaeeoe/aneea ?aoaiey auee iieo/aiu aeey aeaoo /anoiuo neo/aaa,
i?aaenoaaeythueo iaeaieueoee eioa?an aeey i?aeoeee.

A o?aoueai ?acaeaea ia iniiaa iieo/aiiuo aiaeeoe/aneeo ?aoaiee auea
?ac?aaioaia eiaeaia?iay iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey eiioeaio?aoeee eenei?iaea
a ?ieinoe AAeO, aeiie?iea e aeeaeeie ie?iea i?e ianoaoeeiia?iii e
noaoeeiia?iii ?aaeeiao. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea aiaeeoe/aneiai
ii?aaeaeaiey oieueiu aeoeaiiai neiy aeiie?iee (neiy, a eioi?ii
i?ienoiaeyo i?ioeannu ay?iaiiai ieeneaiey noano?aoa; e neaaeiaaoaeueii,
i?enoonoaoao eenei?iae). I?eaaaeaiu iaeioi?ua ?aeiiaiaeaoeee,
eanathueany auai?a enoiaeiuo ia?aiao?ia e eiyooeoeeaioia, aoiaeyueo a
ninoaa ?an/?oiuo caaeneiinoae.

Iieo/aiiua oai?aoe/aneea aeaiiua auee niiinoaaeaiu n yenia?eiaioaeueiuie
aeaiiuie ?aciuo aaoi?ia (Aeae. Oeoaeeai, A. Iaieeie, Aeae. Aa?eiee e
ae?.). I?iaaaeaiiay ai?iaaoeey iicaieyao noaeeoue i aeinoaoi/iie
aeinoiaa?iinoe e iaae?aeiinoe i?aaeeiaeaiiie ?an/?oiie iaoiaeeee
(iia?aoiinoue ia i?aauoaao 5%), /oi iicaieyao i?e ecaanoiuo enoiaeiuo
ia?aiao?ao (oaeeo eae oaiia?aoo?iue ?aaeei, ninoaa e naienoaa noi/iuo
aiae) auae?aoue iioeiaeueiua oaoiieiae/aneea ia?aiao?u AAeO aac
i?iaaaeaiey aeiiieieoaeueiuo yenia?eiaioia. I?aaeaa?eoaeueiia
aiaeeoe/aneia ii?aaeaeaiea aiciiaeiuo eiioeaio?aoeee eenei?iaea a
?ieinoe AAeO iicaieyao ii?aaeaeeoue oa naeoeee, aaea yoio ia?aiao?
aoaeao iaiueoa 1,5 ia/e (a oaeeo oneiaeyo i/enoea ii/oe ia i?ienoiaeeo),
e i?eiyoue iaiaoiaeeiua ia?u au? ia noaaeee i?iaeoe?iaaiey.

A /aoa??oii ?acaeaea ?anniio?aiu i?ioeannu ia?aiina eenei?iaea a /enoie
aiaea aeeneiauie ay?aoi?aie, /oi eiaao i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea aeey
?uaioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee. Ninoaaeaia oece/aneay e iaoaiaoe/aneay
iiaeaeue i?ioeanna, ninoiyuay ec aeaoo ianoaoeeiia?iuo o?aaiaiee
iaoa?eaeueiiai aaeaina eenei?iaea a ?ieinoe e aeeaeeie ie?iea. Nenoaia
o?aaiaiee ?aoaia aiaeeoe/anee. Ia aaca aiaeeoe/aneiai ?aoaiey
?ac?aaioaia eiaeaia?iay iaoiaeeea ?an/?oa eiioeaio?aoeee eenei?iaea a
?ieinoe a ethaie i?iiaaeooie a?aiaie. I?aaeeiaeaiiay ?an/?oiay iaoiaeeea
auea ai?iae?iaaia ia iaoo?iuo yenia?eiaioao ii iaiaauaieth i?e?iaeiie
aiaeu eenei?iaeii, n eniieueciaaieai aeaiiuo A.A. Eaiaoaiei e A.
Iaieeie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: noi/iua aiaeu, aeiaeeneiaue oeeueo?, eenei?iae,
aeiie?iea, aeeaeeay ie?iea, aeeneiaue ay?aoi?, iaoiaeeea ?an/?oa.

Summary

Stepova Natalie. Influence of oxygen to wastewater treatment processes
by rotating biological contactors. The manuscript. Dissertation
submitted to obtain a scientific degree of candidate of technical
sciences on speciality 05.23.04 — a water-supply, sewerage. Kiev
National University of Construction and Architecture, Kiev, 1999.

The physical and mathematical model of wastewater treatment processes of
sewage by means of rotating biological contactors (RBC) in view of
oxygen mass transfer and consumption processes has been made. The
mathematical model has been realized by numerical and analytical
methods. On the basis of the analytical decision an engineering method
of calculation of oxygen concentration in any point of RBC at
non-stationary and stationary modes has been carried out.

A technique of a biofilm active layer thickness definition has been
developed. The airing processes modelling of natural ponds by airing
disk plants has been done. The mathematical model, describing oxygen
transfer processes in pure water, has been realized by analytical
methods. On the basis of them engineering methods of calculation of
oxygen concentration has been made.

All offered account methods have been checked by comparison with know
experimental data.

Keywords: sewage, RBC, oxygen, biofilm, liquid film, airing disk plant,
method of calculation.

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