Euea?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aaoa?eia?ii?

iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai

Ia?e?a

Aiaoie?e Ieoaeeiae/

oaee: 636:087:7

Aieea oaeao?a aeayeeo i?e?iaeaiaio?a ia

o?c?ieia?/iee noai nooino?eieo ei??a oa ?o oaeyo

03.00.13 – o?c?ieia?y ethaeeie ? oaa?ei

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe

euea?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: — aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e OAAI,
caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie E?aaoe?a ?iiai Eineiiae/;
Euea?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C.
Aaeeoeueeiai, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ii? oa
?aae?ieia?/ii? aenia?oece, aee?aeoi? IAe? a?iaeieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao
aeaaeai??, ?aeoi?.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Niieyi?iia
Ai?en A?eoi?iae/; Iaeanueeee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?c?ieia?? ? a?io?i?? n.-a. oaa?ei.

— aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caneoaeaiee i?aoe?aiee ia?iaeii?
ina?oe Oe?a?ie A?eaai A?oae?e A?eai?iae/; Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee
aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? oa
iaoieia?/ii? o?c?ieia?? n.-a. oaa?ei, aeaeai oaeoeueoaoo aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa ? a?ieia?? oaa?ei OAAI,
i.Euea?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “___”_____________ 2000 ?. i____aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.826.01 o Euea?anuee?e
aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai ca
aae?anith: 79010, i.Euea?a-10, aoe. Iaea?nueea, 50, aoae. ?1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Euea?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai,
i.Euea?a-10, aoe. Iaea?nueea, 50.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “___”___________ 2000 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
Aieiaa/ I.?.

caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeiei ?c aieiaieo caaaeaiue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? i?aeaeuaiiy ?aioaaaeueiino?
aaaeaiiy oaa?eiieoeoaa, ca?eueoaiiy iiei/ii? oa i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
oaa?ei, ci?oeiaiiy ?o caei?ia’y oa i?eaeaoiino? aei ?ioaineaieo
oaoiieia?e. I?iaeoeoeai?noue iiei/ii? ooaeiae caeaaeeoue a?ae aeaeiaeo ?
ii?iaeieo iniaeeainoae, a i?iya ?o niaaeeiaeo yeinoae ? aeanoeainoae o
cia/i?e i??? aecia/a?oueny oiiaaie, a yeeo i?io?ea? ?o aia??iiaeueiee ?
oaoaeueiee ?icaeoie (a?ae caei?ia’y, a?eo, aiae?ae? oa oo?eiaiiy
aaa?oieo ei??a) (Aai?aeaaneee A.E. e ae?., 1979-1990; Aiaaeaiia A.I. e
ae?., 1986; Eaeueieoeeee A.Ae. e ae?., 1988; Niieyi?iia A.A. oa ?i.,
1990; Eaaiaethe I.C., 1991; Iaeo?e O.TH., 1992; Noiyiianueeee N.A.,
1992; Coaaoeue I.A., 1996; Aeai/oe I.A. oa ?i., 1996; E?aaoe?a ?.E.,
1996-1998; Eeciaoa I.?. oa ?i., 1997; Noiey?/oe I.C. oa ?i., 1998).
Aaaeeeaith i?iaeaiith uiaei ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue ?aioaaaeueiiai aaaeaiiy
oaa?eiieoeoaa ? i?io?eaeoeea oai?ia iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaa?ei (Ianeyiei
?.I., 1986; E?eooioi?iaa A.A. oa ?i., 1997-1999; A?eaai A.A. oa ?i.,
1998; Eaa/aiei A.?. oa ?i., 1999).

Iecueea aeeoo?caeaoi?noue iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ni?e/eiaia aei iaaii? i??e
aeao?oeeoii i?e?iaeaiaio?a a i?aai?ci? aaa?oieo ei??a, ui iaaaoeaii
aieeaa? ia oo?iaiee ?icaeoie ieiaea, iniaeeai ia o?aoueiio aoai?
aeiianoeeaoe??. Caaacia/eoe iio?aao aaa?oieo oaa?ei a i?e?iaeaiaioao ca
?aooiie ei?i?a ia caaaeaee iiaeeeaa, iniaeeai a cao?aeieo
ia?aaea??nueeeo ?aeiiao Oe?a?ie, aea a?oioe, aiaea oa ei?ie cia/ii
a?aei?o? i?e?ii?ia?aeueieie oaeoi?aie aiae?ae? ii??aiyii c ?ioeie
?aa?iiaie (E?aaoe?a ?.E., 1992, 1997-1999).

A?aeiii, ui ooieoe?iiaeueia aeoeai?noue a?iiaoae?a a i?aai?ci? oa ?o
o/anoue o iaoaaie?/ieo ?aaeoe?yo iia’ycai? c? caeaoi?noth ooai?thaaoe
oaeaoi? eiiieaene. I?e?iaeaiaioe oaeaoiiai eiiieaeno a?aecia/athoueny
a?ieia?/ii aeoeaiith oi?iith, caaaeyee /iio aeinyaa?oueny ?o aeniea
canaithaai?noue (95-100%). Ca ?aooiie iinooiiaiai ?ic?eao oaeaoieo
ca’yce?a i?aia?aoe aeyaeythoue i?ieiiaiaaio ae?th. I?e a?aeuaieaii?
i?e?iaeaiaio?a a?eeia? e?aaiaee aoaeoeaii aeei?enoiaothoueny i?aai?ciii
(Underwood E.J., 1976; E?aaoe?a ?.E. oa ?i., 1997-1999). Ana oea aea?
iiaeeea?noue ciaiooaaoe aeice i?e?iaeaiaio?a o aeanyoee ?ac?a, iiceoeaii
ae??ooaaoe aeiiii?/i? oa aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie. Iaoaeii?aai?/i? i?aia?aoe
cia/ii aoaeoeai?o? i?e i?io?eaeoeoe? oa e?eoaaii? ae?iaioa?ieo
caoai?thaaiue ii??aiyii c ?ioeie caniaaie. Iaoaeioaeaoe oni?oii iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoenue c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ?acenoaioiino?, i?iaeoeoeaiino?
oa a?aeoai?thaaeueieo ooieoe?e (Tainturier D., 1984; Spears J.W., 1989;
Eaeueieoeeee A.Ae., 1990).

Oe? oa aeaye? ?io? aeai? iineoaeeee iniiaith aeey ?ic?iaeaiiy iiaeo
i?eioeei?a i?e?iaeaiaioii? i?aeaiae?ae? aaa?oieo ei??a, ui iieyaathoue o
iiooeo iaeaoaeoeai?oeo oi?i niieoe i?e?iaeaiaio?a aeey ei?aeoe??
noano?aoii-eioaeoi?ii? ??aiiaaae, ye? a aieiae?ee caaeaiei i?io?eai
a?ieia?/ii? ae?? c a?aooaaiiyi ciiaeueieo iniaeeainoae i?ia?aeueiiai
neeaaeo ei?i?a oa ia aeeeeeaee ii?ooaiue iaoaaie?cio a nenoai?
iaoe-ie?ae i?e oiia? o?eaaeiai ?o canoinoaaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa ? ?icae?eii aaeocaai? i?ia?aie iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie 0.51.25 caaaeaiiy 03.02
? iai?yieo 9o ?anioae. IOI ooiaeaiaio. aeine. OAAI 02.02.04 “?ic?iaea ?
aeei?enoaiiy oaeaoii-i?e?iaeaiaioii-a?oai?iieo i?ai?en?a aeey
eiia?ei?i?a c iaoith ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaa?ei ? ioeoe? oa
iie?auaiiy yeino? ?o i?iaeoeoe?? a cao?aeiiio ?aa?ii?”. Aeaia ?iaioa
oaeiae ? ?icae?eii eiiieaenii? oaie eaoaae?e o?c?ieia?? oaa?ei
Euea?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C.
Aaeeoeueeiai “Noano?aoii-eioaeoi?ia ??aiiaaaa oa ei?aeoe?y ??
iaaeinoaoiino?”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeo aniaeo?a i?e?iaeaiaioii? aiae?ae? aaa?oieo ei??a
aeey ei?aeoe?? iai?io ?a/iaei o eaioethc? iaoe-ie?ae-i?eie?ae,
i?aeaeuaiiy ?o i?iaeoeoeaiino?, yeino? i?iaeoeoe??, caaacia/aiiy
?aae?caoe?? aaiaoe/ieo iioaioe?e i?aiaoaeueiiai ?inoo oa ?icaeoeo,
?ic?iaea iiaeo oi?i niieoe i?e?iaeaiaio?a oa aea/aiiy iaoai?cio ?oiuei?
ae??.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe noaaeyoueny oae? caaea/?: 1) Aecia/eoe
i?e?iaeaiaioiee neeaae ei?i?a aeine?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa oa
caaacia/aiino? ieie ?aoe?iio nooino?eieo ei??a. 2) Aea/eoe aieea oaeao?a
aeao?oeeoieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a ia o?c?ieia?/iee noai nooino?eieo ei??a. 3)
Aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? o?c?ieia?/iiai noaio iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo oa
eiai aca?iica’ycie c i?aai?ciii iaoa?? i?e ??ci?e i?e?iaeaiaioi?e
caaacia/aiino? ?o ?aoe?iio. 4) Aeyaeoe a?ieia?/io aoaeoeai?noue
canoinoaaiiy oaeaoieo eiiieaen?a i?e?iaeaiaio?a aeey i?aeaiae?ae? ei??a
o ae?oa?e iieiaei? aaa?oiino?. 5) Aianoe aeiiiaiaiiy aei ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
c i?e?iaeaiaioii? i?aeaiae?ae? ei??a nooino?eiiai ia??iaeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui i?iaaaeaieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie iaea?aeai? iia? aeai? i?i aieea i?e?iaeaiaioii?
i?aeaiae?ae? ei??a a ia??iae nooinoith ia iai?i ?a/iaei a ?o i?aai?ci?
oa i?ioeane aioo??oo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaea. Aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii aieea
oaeaoieo niieoe i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii ia
i?aai?ci aaa?oieo oaa?ei o o?aoueiio o?eiano?? aaa?oiino? oa iieacaii
aeeiai?eo ci?i o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ia? i?ioyaii
nooinoith. Aeine?aeaeaii a aeeiai?oe? ci?ie neeaaeo iieiceaa a?ae
ii/aoeo eaeoaoe?? aei 10-ai aeiy ? aeyaeaii aieea i?e?iaeaiaio?a a
?aoe?ii? ei??a a ia??iae nooinoith ia a?aeiiaeaiiy nae?aoi?ii? ooieoe??
iiei/ii? caeice. Anoaiiaeaii iioeiaeueio aeico iao?iiaoo i?ae?, oeeieo ?
eiaaeueoo a ?aoe?iiao nooino?eieo ei??a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeathoue iiaeeea?noue i?aaeeueii ii?ioaaoe ?aoe?iie nooino?eieo ei??a ca
i?aeaeth, oeeieii ? eiaaeueoii. Canoinoaaiiy oaeaoieo niieoe aeaiaio?a c
ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia o?c?ieia?/i? i?ioeane a
i?aai?ci? ei??a oa ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith o?c?ieia?/ii? c??eino? ?o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ii?aoethaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e, aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a cae?eniaii aaoi?ii
naiino?eii c iaoiaee/iith aeiiiiiaith iaoeiaiai ea??aieea – aeieoi?a
a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?a, aeaaeai?ea OAAI, caneoaeaiiai ae?y/a iaoee
? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie E?aaoe?aa ?.E.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue, iaaiai?thaaeenue ? io?eiaee noaaeuei? a?aeaoee ia
a/aieo ?aaeao oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo:
Oe?a?inueei-Aano??enueeee neiiic?oi “N?euenueea ainiiaea?noai: Iaoea ?
I?aeoeea (Euea?a, 1996); I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “A?ieia?/i?
iniiae aeeaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei” (Euea?a, 1998);
I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “No/ani? i?iaeaie cii?iaeaia??? oa
oeyoe ?? ae??oaiiy” (Euea?a, 1999).

Ioae?eaoe?? iaoa??ae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii
7 i?aoeue, c ieo 4 ?iaioe o oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao, oaiaoe/ieo ?
i?aea?aeii/eo ca??ieeao, 1 a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio eenoeo Euea?anueeiai OeIOA?
oa 2 o oacao iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

Ia’?i ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y iaienaia ia 176 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e,
iaoa??aeo ? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue, aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
ae?iaieoeoao, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoe?a. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e
aeeth/a? 372 aeaea?aea, c ieo 107 ?iicaiieo. O aeena?oaoe?? i?noeoueny
44 oaaeeoe?, 2 ?enoiee ? 7 aeiaeaoe?a.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia ?iaioe aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? o?c?ieia?? oaa?ei
? IAe? a?iaeieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao Euea?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai??
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?iai? N.C. Yaeeoeueeiai oa oaa?eiieoeuee?e oa?i?
eni ?iai? O.A. Oaa/aiea ?iaeiyo?anueeiai ?aeiio ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?
iaeano? i?ioyaii 1996-1998 ?ie?a.

Iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiue neoaeeee nooino?ei? ei?iae
neiaioaeuenueei? ii?iaee oa ?o iiaiia?iaeaeai? oaeyoa. An? oaa?eie aoee
ee?i?/ii caei?ia?, i?aeae?aeenue ca i?eioeeiii aiaeia?a, a?aoiaoth/e
o?c?ieia?/iee noai, aeeao iano, a?e. Aiae?aey i?iaiaeeeanue ca?aeii
aeaoae?ciaaieo ii?i c o?aooaaiiyi ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?aeoe/iiai iin?aieea
?ioaineaieo oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa iieiea, a aeine?aei? a?oie ua
io?eioaaee aeiaeaoeiao i?aeaiae?aeth nieyie i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo
aai ?o oaeaoieo oi?i c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii. I?e oeueiio
iiia?aaeiuei a aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa? aoei i?iaaaeaii aiae?c
ei?iiai? aace ia ai?no i?e?iaeaiaio?a oa caaacia/ai?noue ieie ?aoe?iio
oaa?ei.

Aeey aenia?eiaioo aoei a?ae?a?aii 5 a?oi (iaeia eiio?ieueia ? /ioe?e
aeine?aei?) ei??a (ii 10 aie?a o eiaei?e) 6-7 ??/iiai a?eo, ye? aoee ia
7 i?nyoe? o?eueiino?, c na?aaei?i iaaei?i ca eaeoaoe?th 2723 ea iieiea,
na?aaeiueith aeeaith ianith 433 ea. Oaa?eie eiio?ieueii? a?oie
io?eioaaee iniiaiee ?aoe?ii. Ia?oa aeine?aeia a?oia — ei?iae io?eioaaee,
e??i iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio, i?e?iaeaiaioio i?aeaiae?aeth nieyie i?ae?,
oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo (CuSO4 – 0,08; ZnSO4 — 0,14, CoCl2 – 0,01) a/ aie.
aeiao. Oaa?eie ae?oai? aeine?aeii? a?oie aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio
io?eioaaee ai?iieeneioo iao?ii?i – 0,05 a/ aie. aeiao. O?aoy aeine?aeia
a?oia — ei?iae e??i iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio, io?eioaaee nie? i?ae?, oeeieo ?
eiaaeueoo (CuSO4 – 0,08, ZnSO4 — 0,14, CoCl2 – 0,01 a/ aeiao eiaeii?
nie?) ? 0,05 a ai?iieeneioe iao?ii?i. *aoaa?oa aeine?aeia a?oia — aei
iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio ei?iae aeiaeaoeiai io?eioaaee oaeaoe i?e?iaeaiaio?a o
aeic?: iao?iiao i?ae? – 0,038 a, iao?iiao oeeieo – 0,06 a ? iao?iiao
eiaaeueoo – 0,005 a. Aeiaaaee aei ?aoe?iio ei?iaai aeine?aeieo a?oi
aeiaeaaaee uiaeaiii ?acii c eiioeaio?iaaieie ei?iaie. Aeine?ae o?eaaa
a?ae ii/aoeo nooinoith aei ?iae?a. Oaeyo, ye? aoee ia?iaeaeai? a?ae
i?aeaeine?aeieo ei??a, caaaeoaaee ?, aeine?aeaeoaai? iieacieee o ieo,
aecia/aee i?ioyaii ia?oiai i?nyoey aeeooy.

O ei??a e?ia aeey aeine?aeaeaiue a?aee c y?aiii? aaie aei ?aieiai?
aiae?ae? ia ii/aoeo nooinoith, /a?ac 15 aei?a, ia 45 oa 60 aei?
nooinoith, a o oaeyo — a 1, 5, 15 oa 30-oe aeaiiiio a?oe?. Iieiceai
ei??a aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy eiai iiaiioe?iiino? a?aee c 1, 3, 5, 10, 15,
20, 25 oa 30-ai iaaei?a i?ney ioaeaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?iaeaiaioiiai neeaaeo ei?i?a aeine?aeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa, ne?iaaoee e?ia? oaa?ei oa iieiceaa i?iaiaeeee c
aeiiiiiaith aoiiii-aani?aoe?eiiai niaeo?ioioiiao?a (oeio AAS — 30) ca
iaoiaeeeith, iienaiith I?aenii. O e?ia? ei??a ? oaeyo aecia/aee oae?
iieacieee: e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a ia niaeo?ioioiiao?? oeio Specord M
400 ca iaoiaeeeith ?.N. Aaa?eeaoeue, I.A. Aeai/oe; ai?no aaiiaeia?io ca
A.A. Aea?a?cii oa Ai?iaeiaei; aaiaoie?eo ia i?e?ioeaio?eooc? IOeA – 8;
eiioeaio?aoe?th aetheice c i?oioieo?aeeiiaei ?aaeoeaii ca A.A.
Iaiueoeeiaith; e?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a c aeiiiiiaith i?eeaaeo Pikoskel ;
oaaioeeoa?io aeoeai?noue eaeeioeeo?a, oaaioeeoa?ia /enei oa ?iaeaen
caaa?oaiiai oaaioeeoico aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii A.A. Iaiueoeeiaa. O
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oa iieioe? aecia/aee: e?euee?noue iai?aai?/iiai oinoi?o
; ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea — c a?o?aoiaei ?aaeoeaii ca iaoiaeii E.I.
Aeaeaeoi?nueei?; ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a?eeiaeo o?aeoe?e ieacie e?ia? ca
iaoiaeii Ieea ? Iaeei?aea a iiaeeo?eaoe?? N.A. Ea?ithea; aeoeai?noue
ania?oaoai?iio?ainoa?ace (E.O. 2.6.1.1.) ? aeai?iai?iio?ainoa?ace (E.O.
2.6.1.2.) ca iaoiaeii ?aeoiaia ? O?aieaey a iiaeeo?eaoe?? E.A.
Eaiaoaiae?. aaeoa?eoeeaeio aeoeai?noue ne?iaaoee e?ia? – ca I.A.
Ni??iiaith oa O.A. Eocuei?iith; eiiieaiaioa?io aeoeai?noue ne?iaaoee
e?ia? ca iaoiaeeeith A. AEaeoiaa ? ?. *aeii?ai.

A?ieia?/io iiaiioe?ii?noue iieiceaa aecia/aee ca iaoiaeaie, ui iienai?
I.N. Ea?ni?oeueeith ? I.A. Eoaaiueiaei. O a?ae?a?aieo i?iaao aecia/aee:
ai?no iiei/iiai aee?o eeneioiei iaoiaeii Aa?aa?a; eaca?io — ca
E?eueaeaeai; ?ic/eiieo a?ee?a (eaeoaeueaoi?i + eaeoaeiaoe?i) —
aeaeo?ioi?aoe/ii; eaeoice — ?ao?aeoiiao?e/ii; nooi? ?a/iaeie –
aenoooaaiiyi iaaaaeee aei iino?eii? iane i?e oaiia?aoo?? 105 0N; nooiai
ciaaee?aiiai iiei/iiai caeeoeo (NCIC) – ?ic?aooieiaei iaoiaeii; aiaee –
?ic?aooieiaei iaoiaeii; ciee – niaethaaiiyi iaaaaeee a iooaeuei?e ia/?
i?e oaiia?aoo?? 500 0N; eeneioi?noue – iaoiaeii oeo?oaaiiy; aonoeio – ca
aeiiiiiaith a?aiiao?a; oinoi? – eiei?eiao?e/ii; AEeao iano oaeyo
aecia/aee iaoiaeii eiio?ieueieo caaaeoaaiue a 1, 30, 90, 180, 270 oa
360-oe aeaiiiio a?oe?.

On? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ia?iaeyee a?iiao?e/ii ca iaoiaeeeith, yea
iienaia I.A. Ieio?inueeei ? ?.E. Ia?eo?ue?aith c aeei?enoaiiyi
ia?niiaeueii? aeaeo?iiii-ia/enethaaeueii? iaoeie ?AI. ?acoeueoaoe
na?aaei?o cia/aiue aaaaeaee noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeieie i?e ?(0,05 — (,
?(0,02 — ((, ?(0,01 — ( (( oa ?(0,001 — ((((.

Caaacia/ai?noue i?aeaeth, oeeieii ? eiaaeueoii ?aoe?iio

nooino?eieo ei??a o aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa?.

C io?eiaieo aeaieo aiae?co i?e?iaeaiaioiiai neeaaeo ei?i?a aeine?aeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa noaei c?icoi?eei, ui a caeaieo ei?iao o ??cieo ?o aeaeao
ai?no aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a iaiaeiaeiaee. Oae, iaeaeuo
eiioeaio?aoe?th i?ae? aeyaeaii a o?aa? /a?aiii? eiithoeie ? o?aa?
eoeueoo?iiai ianiaeua – 2,025 ? 3,216 ia/ ea iaoo?aeueiiai ei?io. Aeaui
iaioa i?ae? ? a eeno? ei?iiaiai ao?yeo (1,854 ia/ ea) ? iaeieae/ee
??aaiue oeueiai aeaiaioo aeyaeaii a eoeo?oaec? iiei/ii-aineiai?
noeaeino? (0,473 ia/ ea). Oeeieo a aeaieo ei?iao i?noeeinue cia/ii
a?eueoa, i?ae i?ae?. Iaea?eueoee eiai ai?no aeyaeaii a o?aa? i?e?iaeiiai
eoeo, eeno? ei?iiaiai ao?yeo ? o?aa? eoeueoo?iiai ianiaeua (a?aeiia?aeii
4,571, 4,632 ? 5,283 ia/ea iaoo?aeueiiai ei?io), a iaeiaioa e?euee?noue
aoea a o?aa? aiaiai-ceaeiaeo eoeueoo? (2,744 ia/ ea).

Ei?ie ca?iiai? a?oie aeine?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
ii??aiyii a?eueoei ai?noii i?ae? ? oeeieo oa iaioei eiaaeueoo, i?ae
caeai? ei?ie. Oae, iaeaeuee ??aaiue i?ae? aoa o eiia?ei?i?, ca?i? aeeoa
? ca?i? ioaieoe? (a?aeiia?aeii 6,62; 5,164 ? 5,500 ia/ea iaoo?aeueiiai
ei?io), a iaeieae/ee a y/i?ii?e aea?o? (3,423 ia/ ea). Oeeieo oaeiae
aoei iaea?eueoa a eiia?ei?i? (66,2 ia/ea iaoo?aeueiiai ei?io) ii??aiyii
c ?ioeie ei?iaie aeaii? a?oie. Iaeiaioa eiioeaio?aoe?y oeeieo aoea a
ca?i? aeeoa ? ca?i? ioaieoe? 20,027-20,298 ia/ea. Ui noino?oueny ai?noo
eiaaeueoo, oi ne?ae neacaoe, ui aeai? ei?ie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeoaea
iecueeei eiai ??aiai ii??aiyii c ?ioeie ei?iaie. Iaeiaioee eiai ??aaiue
i?noeany a aea?o? y/i?ii?e (0,039 ia/ ea), a iaeaeuee a ca?i? ioaieoe?
(0,07 ia/ ea).

Ai?no i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo a ei?aiaaoeueaiieiaeao aeine?aeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa oaeiae oa?aeoa?ecoaaany iecueeei ??aiai aeaieo
i?e?iaeaiaio?a. Oae, i?ae? o aeaieo ei?iao aoei a iaaeao 0,540-1,874
ia/ea iaoo?aeueiiai ei?io. Iaeiaioa ?? aeyaeaii a eooc?oe? (0,540 ia/
ea) ? noieiaiio ao?yeo (0,651 ia/ ea), a iaea?eueoa a ei?iiaiio ao?yeo
(1,784 ia/ ea) ? eeneiio aeii? (1,874 ia/ ea). Oeeieo a ei?iao aeaii?
a?oie aoei a?eueoa a noieiaiio ao?yeo (3,732) ? ei?iiaiio ao?yeo (3,021
ia/ ea). Eiaaeueoo ei?ie aeaii? a?oie i?noeee a?ae 0,004 ia/ea a
noieiaiio ao?yeo aei 0,590 ia/ea a eeneiio aeii?, ui ? iaeieae/ei
iieacieeii na?aae an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo ei?i?a aeaiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

A?oa? ei?ie a nai?io neeaae? iaee i?ae? a iaaeao 1,058 – 5,55 ia/ea
iaoo?aeueiiai ei?io, aea iaeieae/ee ai?no aeaiiai aeaiaioo iaa neein
eoeo?oaecyiee, a iaeaeuee — n?ii eiithoeie. Oeeieo iaea?eueoa aoei a
n?i? eiithoeie (24,299 ia/ ea), a iaeiaioa a n?iaae? eiithoeie (4,247
ia/ ea). Uiaei eiaaeueoo, oi ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui iecueea eiai
eiioeaio?aoe?y aeyaeaia a n?iaae? eiithoeie, a aeniea a nieii? a?ana
ii??aiyii c ?ioeie aeaeaie ei?i?a aeaii? a?oie ? a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeea
0,044 ? 0,620 ia/ea iaoo?aeueiiai ei?io.

A?aoiaoth/e iecueeee ai?no i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo a ei?iao
aeine?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, iaie aoei i?iaiae?ciaaii ?aoe?ii aiae?ae?
nooino?eieo ei??a, a oaeiae anoaiiaeaii a?aenioie caaacia/aiino? aeaieie
aeaiaioaie oaa?ei. Ia iniia? oeeo aeaieo ie ae?aoiaoaaee iio?aao a
i?e?iaeaiaioi?e i?aeaiae?ae? nooino?eieo ei??a aeaiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aeaye? iieacieee i?ia?aeueiiai iai?io a i?aai?ci? nooino?eieo ei??a

oa ?o oaeyo ca ei?aeoe?? i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy.

I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie i?ioyaii nooino?eiiai ia??iaeo iaie
niinoa??aaeinue iinooiiaa cieaeaiiy ai?noo eaeueoe?th a ne?iaaooe? e?ia?
ei??a eiio?ieueii? a?oie aei 2,40(0,05 iiieue/e ia 30-e aeaiue ?
2,25(0,02 iiieue/e ia 60-e aeaiue nooinoith (oaa.1). O ei??a aeine?aeieo
a?oi oaeiae niinoa??aaeanue iiae?aia oaiaeaioe?y, i?ioa ai?no aeaiiai
aeaiaioo a ?o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aoa aeuei a?ae eiio?ieth, ui aeaco? ia
iiceoeaiee aieea i?e?iaeaiaioii? i?aeaiae?ae? ei??a ia oeae iieaciee.

Iaee?aua ? iaeaoaeoeai?oa noeioethaaea ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo eaeueoe?th a
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? nooino?eieo ei??a ei?aeoe?y ?o ?aoe?iio oaeaoieie
niieoeaie i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo. O oeeo oaa?ei ia 15-e aeaiue
nooinoith a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aoei ia 11,6% (?( 0,01) a?eueoa eaeueoe?th,
i?ae o ei??a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. A ianooii? aei? oey ??cieoey
noaiiaeea18,7 (?( 0,001); 24,7 (?( 0,001) ? 24,9% (?( 0,001)
a?aeiia?aeii ia 30, 45 ? 60-e aei? nooinoith.

Iiaiia?iaeaeai? oaeyoa iaeiiaeaiiiai a?eo a?ae ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi
oaeiae iaee a?eueoee ai?no eaeueoe?th a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ia 6,6 (?(
0,001); 2,2; 9,1 (?( 0, 001) ? 15,0% (?( 0,001) a?aeiia?aeii o I, II,
III ? IV-e aeine?aeieo a?oiao i?e eiai eiioeaio?aoe?? o oaeyo
eiio?ieueii? a?oie 2,73(0,02 iiieue/e. O ianooii? aei? aeeooy
e?euee?noue eaeueoe?th a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oaeyo iaea oaiaeaioe?th aei
cieaeaiiy, i?ioa aeaiee iieaciee o aeine?aeieo a?oiao caeeoaany aeuei
a?ae eiio?ieueii?. I?e oeueiio a oaeyo IV-? aeine?aeii? a?oie i?noeeinue
a?eueoa eaeueoe?th, i?ae o eiio?ie? ia 15,0 (?( 0,001); 15,0 (?( 0,001);
17,2 (?( 0,001) ? 18,5% (?( 0,001) a?aeiia?aeii ia 1, 5, 15 ? 30-e aei?
i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy, oi/ a oe?eiio ??aaiue eaeueoe?th a ?o e?ia? iaa
oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy a?ae 3,14(0,02 iiieue/e a iaeiiaeaiiiio aei
2,94(0,02 iiieue/e o 30-oe aeaiiiio a?oe?.

A?aeiinii iaai?th (oaa.1), ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui ii?yae ?c caaaeueiei
a?eueoei ai?noii eiai a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi ie
niinoa??aaee oaiaeaioe?th aei ciaioaiiy ai?noo aeaiiai aeaiaioo a?ae
ii/aoeo nooinoith aei ?iae?a, oi/ i?e?iaeaiaioia i?aeaiae?aey, iniaeeai
oaeaoe i?e?iaeaiaio?a, ni?eyee oo?eiaiith aeaiiai iieacieea ia iaaiiio
??ai? ? ??ceiai cieaeaiiy iaai?th a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aeine?aeieo a?oi ie
ia niinoa??aaee. O oeeo oaa?ei aoei ia 15, 30, 45 ? 60-e aei? nooinoith
a?eueoa iaai?th, i?ae a oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie a?aeiia?aeii ia 0,6;
5,2; 5,9 (?( 0,05) ? 7,8% (?( 0,01). I?e?iaeaiaioia ei?aeoe?y ?aoe?ii?a
nooino?eieo ei??a oaeiae iiceoeaii aieeaaea ia ai?no iaai?th a
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ?o oaeyo. Oae, o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo I, II, III ? IV-?
aeine?aeieo a?oi a iaeiiaeaiiiio a?oe? aoei a?eueoa iaai?th, i?ae a
eiio?ie? ia 2,3; 0,3; 2,5 ? 2,7%. O ianooii? aei? ie iii?oeee cieaeaiiy
??aiy iaai?th a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oaeyo on?o a?oi. Oae, i?e ai?no?
0,962(0,01 iiieue/e a iaeiiaeaiiiio a?oe? o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo
eiio?ieueii? a?oie ia 30-e aeaiue aeaiiai aeaiaioo aoei 0,888(0,01
iiieue/e. I?ioa o oaeyo aeine?aeieo a?oi oaee aoei a?eueoa iaai?th, i?ae
a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?. Iniaeeai iii?oiith aoea ??cieoey a IV-e
aeine?aei?e a?oi?, aea iaoa?yi caiaeiaoaaee iao?iiaoe i?ae?, oeeieo oa
eiaaeueoo ? aiia noaiiaeea ii??aiyii aei eiio?ieth 2,0; 1,9 ? 2,0%
a?aeiia?aeii ia 5, 15 ? 30 aei?.

Caiaeiaoaaiiy ei?iaai oaeaoieo oi?i i?e?iaeaiaio?a (Cu, Zn, Co) c
ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii (IV-oa aeine?aeia a?oia) ni?eyei i?aeaeuaiith
ai?noo iai?aai?/iiai oinoi?o a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? (oaa.1). Oeae iieaciee
aoa aeuee ia 15, 30, 45 ? 60-e aei? nooinoith ii??aiyii aei eiio?ieth
a?aeiia?aeii ia 10,7% (?( 0,01); 21,0 (?( 0,001); 22,3 (?( 0,001) ?
22,9% (?( 0,001). O e?ia? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo a?ae aeine?aeieo a?oi
ei??a a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith oaeiae niinoa??aaany a?eueo aenieee
ai?no iai?aai?/iiai oinoi?o. Iaeiii?oi?oith aoea ??cieoey o oaeyo III ?
IV-? aeine?aeieo a?oi, aea aoei a?eueoa iai?aai?/iiai oinoi?o a
iaeiiaeaiiiio a?oe? a?aeiia?aeii ia 4,3 (?( 0,02) ? 6,5% (?( 0,01) uiaei
eiio?ieth.

sse iieacaee iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ei?aeoe?y ?aoe?iio nooino?eieo ei??a
ca ai?noii i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith ??aiy aeaieo
i?e?iaeaiaio?a o e?ia?, ye oeeo oaa?ei, oae ? ia?iaeaeaieo a?ae ieo
oaeyo. Iaenooo?a?oei aoei ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo a
e?ia? o ei??a IV-? aeine?aeii? a?oie, yeei aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio
aeiaeaaaee oaeaoi? niieoee aeaieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a c ai?iieeneioith
iao?ii?iii. O oeeo ei??a o e?ia? ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith aoei
a?eueoa i?ae? ia 6,4% (?( 0,001); 8,7 (?( 0,001); 10,3 (?( 0,001) ?
19,8% (?( 0,001), oeeieo ia 7,9 (?( 0,001); 17,5 (?( 0,001); 16,6 (?(
0,001) ? 17,6% (?( 0,001), a eiaaeueoo — ia 25,4% (?( 0,001), 32,3 (?(
0,001); 25,6 (?( 0,001) ? 32,0% (?( 0,001) a?aeiia?aeii ia 15, 30, 45 ?
60 aei? (oaa.1).

Ii?yae c? ca?eueoaiiyi ai?noo aeaieo i?e?iaeaiaio?a o e?ia? a ei??a
aeine?aeieo a?oi ie oaeiae caoaaaeeee caaaeueio oaiaeaioe?th aei
ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo i?ae? oa ciaioaiiy oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo i?ioyaii
ia??iaeo nooinoith.

Oaaeeoey 1

Iieacieee i?ia?aeueiiai iai?io a i?aai?ci? nooino?eieo ei??a

oa ?o oaeyo ca ei?aeoe?? i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy (iiieue/e), M(m, n=5

Iieaciee A?OIE OAA?EI

eiio?ieue I aeine?aeia II aeine?aeia III aeine?aeia IV aeine?aeia

Nooino?ei? ei?iae

Ca 2,40(0,06 2,61(0,02 2,48(0,07 2,68(0,03 2,79(0,04

Mg 1,041(0,03 1,069(0,02 1,072(0,02 1,074(0,02 1,079(0,02

iai?a. P 1,82(0,05 1,98(0,03 1,85(0,05 2,04(0,03 2,08(0,04

Cu 14,76(0,10 15,42(0,38 15,06(0,18 15,69(0,42 16,10(0,55

Zn 11,86(0,07 12,71(0,19 12,42(0,11 12,97(0,29 13,26(0,40

Co 0,415(0,022 0,486(0,033 0,433(0,023 0,499(0,034 0,513(0,040

Iiaiia?iaeaeai? oaeyoa

Ca 2,73(0,02 2,91(0,01(((( 2,79(0,02 2,98(0,01(((( 3,14(0,02((((

Mg 0,962(0,01 0,987(0,02 0,965(0,01 0,986(0,01 0,988(0,02

iai?a. P 2,30(0,02 2,38(0,02( 2,33(0,03 2,40(0,02(( 2,45(0,01(((

Cu 14,79(0,03 15,59(0,02(((( 14,97(0,02((( 15,77(0,04(((( 16,23(0,03((((

Zn 10,53(0,03 12,06(0,02(((( 11,02(0,02(((( 12,43(0,03((((
12,84(0,02((((

Co 0,448(0,004 0,513(0,003(((( 0,462(0,002 0,564(0,001((((
0,602(0,002((((

O iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo a?ae ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi aoei aeyaeaii
a?eueoee ai?no aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeaiaio?a o e?ia?, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e
a?oi?. Oae, i?e ??ai? i?ae? 14,79(0,03 ieiieue/e o iaeiiaeaiieo oaeyo
eiio?ieueii? a?oie, o aeine?aeieo a?oiao ?? aoei a?eueoa ia 5,4 (?(
0,001); 1,2% (?( 0,01); 6,6 (?( 0,001) ? 9,7% (?( 0,001), oeeieo – ia
14,5 (?( 0,001); 4,6 (?( 0,001); 18,0 (?( 0,001) ? 21,9% (?( 0,001), a
eiaaeueoo — ia14,5% (?( 0,001); 3,1 (?( 0,001); 25,9 (?( 0,001) ? 34,4%
(?( 0,001) a?aeiia?aeii o I, II, III ? IV-e aeine?aeieo a?oiao. I?ci?oa,
aei iaeiii?ny/iiai a?eo, niinoa??aaeinue cieaeaiiy ai?noo aeaieo
i?e?iaeaiaio?a o e?ia? oaeyo, oi/ o aeine?aeieo a?oiao caaaeaee ?o
??aaiue aoa aeuee, i?ae o eiio?ie?.

Ioaea, iaie anoaiiaeaii iiceoeaiee aieea i?e?iaeaiaioii? i?aeaiae?ae?
ei??a a ia??iae nooinoith, iniaeeai iao?iiaoaie i?ae?, oeeieo ?
eiaaeueoo ia iieacieee i?ia?aeueiiai iai?io a i?aai?ci? nooino?eieo
ei??a oa ?o oaeyo.

Aieea oaeao?a i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo ia iieacieee aaiiiiaco

? ai?no aetheice a nooino?eieo ei??a oa ?o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo.

I?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ei?aeoe?y ?aoe?ii?a
nooino?eieo ei??a ca i?e?iaeaiaioaie ? ?o i?aeaiae?aey niieoeaie i?ae?,
oeeieo oa eiaaeueoo ia? iiceoeaiee aieea ia ai?no a?eo?ioeeo?a oa
aaiiaeia?io a e?ia? iaoa??a ? ?o iioiinoaa. Oae, i?e iayaiiio
caaaeueiiio cieaeaii? ai?noo a?eo?ioeeo?a o e?ia? nooino?eieo ei??a
aeine?aeieo a?oi ?o ai?no caeeoaany ia aeineoue aenieiio ??ai? ii??aiyii
c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith. Iaeaeuee iieaciee e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a aoa o
IV-e aeine?aei?e a?oi?, aea aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio ei?iaai aeiaeaaaee
oaeaoi? niieoee i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c iao?ii?iii. A oeeo oaa?ei
aoei a?eueoa /a?aiiie??aoe?a a?aeiia?aeii ia 1,9 % (?( 0,001); 6,1 (?(
0,001); 20,6 (?( 0,001) ? 25,2% (?( 0,001) ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth
ia 15, 30, 45 ? 60-e aei? nooino?eiiai ia??iaeo.

I?e?iaeaiaioia i?aeaiae?aey nooino?eieo ei??a oaeiae ni?eyea c?inoaiith
e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a o e?ia? ?o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo. Oae, o I, ??,
??? oa ?V-e aeine?aeieo a?oiao oaeyo a iaeiiaeaiiiio a?oe? i?noeeinue ia
3,1% (?( 0,001); 2,3% (?( 0,01); 7,0% (?( 0,001) oa 9,1% (?( 0,001)
a?eueoa a?eo?ioeeo?a, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?. A ianooii? aei? ie
niinoa??aaee iinooiiaa iacia/ia ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a o
oaeyo an?o a?oi, aea o aeine?aeieo a?oiao caaaeaee oeae iieaciee aoa
aeuee, i?ae o eiio?ie?.

I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii oaeiae c?inoaiiy ai?noo
aaiiaeia?io a oaa?ei aeine?aeieo a?oi ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai, i?ioa
iaeaeuei oeae iieaciee o e?ia? ei??a ? oaeyo aoa o IV-e aeine?aei?e
a?oi?, aea iaoa?yi aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio a nooino?eiee ia??iae ie
aeiaeaaaee oaeaoi? oi?ie i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c ai?iieeneioith
iao?ii?iii. O ?o e?ia? aeyaeaii aeuee ai?no aaiiaeia?io, i?ae a
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia 5,8% (?( 0,01); 6,7 (?( 0,001) ? 7,8% (?( 0,001) o
ei??a ia 30, 45 ? 60-e aei? nooinoith oa a 1, 5, 15 ? 30-oe aeaiiiio
a?oe? o oaeyo a?aeiia?aeii ia 13,2% (?(0,001); 13,6 (?(0,001); 7,5;
(?(0,001) ? 8,1% (?(0,001).

Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui o oaa?ei aeine?aeieo a?oi eiioeaio?aoe?y aetheice a
ia??iae nooinoith caa??aaeany iaeaea ia iaeiaeiaiio ??ai?, eiee a
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? a?aei?/aeinue iinooiiaa ?? cieaeaiiy aei 60-ai aeiy
nooinoith. Ua iaie aoei aeyaeaii iiceoeaiee aieea i?e?iaeaiaioii?
ei?aeoe?? ?aoe?ii?a nooino?eieo ei??a ia ??aaiue aetheice a ne?iaaooe?
e?ia? ?o iioiinoaa. Oae, o oaeyo aeine?aeieo a?oi a iaeiiaeaiiiio a?oe?
aoei a?eueoa aetheice, i?ae a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia 3,6% (? ( 0,05); 1,8
(? ( 0,02); 5,0 (? ( 0,001); ? 7,8% (? ( 0,001).

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeiae iieacaee, ui i?e?iaeaiaioia
i?aeaiae?aey ei??a o nooino?eiee ia??iae oaeaoieie niieoeaie i?ae?,
oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii iaee?aua, c iii?ae ?ioeo
aeine?aeaeoaaieo oi?i i?e?iaeaiaio?a, ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith iieacieea
aaiaoie?eoo, ye a ei??a-iaoa??a, oae ? a ?o oaeyo, a?aeiia?aeii ia
0,96%; 4,6; 6,1 ? 10,5% (ia 15,30, 45 ? 60-e aei? nooinoith) oa 6,4% (?(
0,001); 6,8 (?( 0,01); 6,2 (?( 0,01) ? 6,6% (?( 0,01) — a 1, 5, 15 ?
30-oe aeaiiiio a?oe?.

I?e aeiaeaaaii? aei ?aoe?iio nooino?eieo ei??a oaeaoieo oi?i i?ae?,
oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii (IV-oa aeine?aeia a?oia)
ie aeyaeee iaeaeuee ??aaiue aetheice a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ?o oaeyo —
a?aeiia?aeii ia 7,6% (? ( 0,001); 7,7 (? ( 0,001) ? 7,3% (? ( 0,001)
ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai ia 5, 15 ? 30-e aei? i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy.

Ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea, a?eeiaeo o?aeoe?e oa aeoeai?noue
ai?iio?ainoa?ac ne?iaaoee e?ia? nooino?eieo ei??a ? ?o oaeyo ca
i?e?iaeaiaioii? i?aeaiae?ae?.

?acoeueoaoe iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui o oaa?ei aeine?aeieo a?oi,
yeei aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio a nooino?eiee ia??iae aeiaeaaaee
i?e?iaeaiaioio i?aeaiae?aeth, niinoa??aa?oueny a?eueoee ai?no
caaaeueiiai a?eea ne?iaaoee e?ia? oa aeua aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a
aeai?iai?iio?ainoa?ace (AeAO) ? ania?oaoai?iio?ainoa?ace (AnAO), i?ae a
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?.

Iniaeeai iii?oiei aoei ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eea a ne?iaaooe?
e?ia? ei??a IV-? aeine?aeii? a?oie, yeei aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio
aeiaeaaaee oaeaoi? oi?ie i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c iao?ii?iii (oaa.2).
sse na?ae/aoue aeai? oaaeeoe? caaaeueiiai a?eea aoei a?eueoa ia 1,4%;
2,3; 4,3 (?( 0,01) ? 5,8% (?( 0,01) a?aeiia?aeii ia 15, 30, 45 ? 60-e
aei? nooinoith, ui aeaco? ia iiceoeaiee aieea aeaii? i?aeaiae?ae? uiaei
iai?io a?ee?a.

I?e?iaeaiaioia i?aeaiae?aey nooino?eieo ei??a ni?eyea oaeiae a?eueoiio
ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eea ne?iaaoee e?ia? a oaeyo. Iniaeeai oea
i?iyaeeinue a IV-?e aeine?aei?e a?oi?, aea caiaeiaoaaee nooino?eiei
ei?iaai oaeaoe i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii. O
oaeyo oe??? a?oie a ne?iaaooe? aoei a?eueoa caaaeueiiai a?eea ia 1, 5,
15 ? 30-e aei? i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy ia 22,1% (? ( 0,001); 20,3 (?( 0,001);
17,6 (?( 0,001) ? 17,4% (?( 0,001).

I?aeaiae?aey ei??a oaeaoaie i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c ai?iieeneioith
iao?ii?iii (IV aeine?aeia a?oia) ni?eyea ca?eueoaiith (-aeiaoe?i?a ii
a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth ia 0,42% (? ( 0,01); 0,24 (? ( 0,01); 1,9 (?
( 0,001) ? 2,83% (? ( 0,001) ia 15, 30, 45 ? 60-e aei? nooino?eiiai
ia??iaeo, a o ?o oaeyo aeaiee iieaciee aoa aeuei a?ae eiio?ieth ia 2,07%
(? ( 0,01); 3,94 (? ( 0,001); 3,27 (? ( 0,001) ? 3,55% (? ( 0,001)
a?aeiia?aeii ia 1, 5, 15 ? 30-e aei? i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy (oaa. 2).

Io?eiai? aeai? iieacaee, ui i?e?iaeaiaioia ei?aeoe?y ?aoe?ii?a
nooino?eieo ei??a aieeaa? ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a?eeiaeo o?aeoe?e a
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ye naieo ei??a, oae ? ?o oaeyo. Niinoa??aa?oueny
ca?eueoaiiy a?aenioea aeueaoi?i?a ? (-aeiaoe?i?a oa cieaeaiiy
aeueoa-aeiaoe?i?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieueii? a?oie, a o oaeyo —
cieaeaiiy aeueaoi?i/ aeiaoe?iiaiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ca ?aooiie
ca?eueoaiiy (-aeiaoe?iiai? o?aeoe?? a ?o ne?iaaooe? ii??aiyii c
eiio?ieai.

I?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeee, ui o nooino?eieo ei??a c?inoa?
aeoeai?noue AnAO. Oae, o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oaa?ei i?e aeoeaiino?
1,22(0,03 iiieue/aiae.e. ia ii/aoeo nooinoith aeoeai?noue
ania?oaoai?iio?ainoa?ace ia 60-e aeaiue nooino?eiiai ia??iaeo noaiiaeea
1,40(0,03 iiieue/aiae.e. O oaeyo a?ae oe??? a?oie ei??a i?e aeoeaiino?
ania?oaoai?iio?ainoa?ace a iaeiiaeaiiiio a?oe? 1,30(0,02 iiieue/aiae.e.
ia 30-e aeaiue i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy aeoeai?noue aeaiiai oa?iaioo a ?o
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aei??aithaaea 1,21(0,03 iiieue/aiae.e., ui ia 0,13
iiieue/aiae.e ? iaioei a?ae ii/aoeiai? aaee/eie. I?iaaaeai? iaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aeei?enoaiith ei?aeoe?? i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy
nooino?eieo ei??a iao?iiaoaie i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo iieacaee, ui
aeai? niieoee oaeiae i?aeaeuothoue aeoeai?noue AnAO a ne?iaaooe? e?ia?
nooino?eieo ei??a (IV aeine?aeia a?oia). Oae, ei?iae aeaii? a?oie iaee
aeuo aeoeai?noue aeine?aeaeoaaiiai oa?iaioo ia 15, 30, 45 ? 60-e aei?
nooinoith ia 18,7% (?( 0,01); 31,8 (?( 0,001); 25,9 (?( 0,001) ? 21,4%
(?( 0,001), i?ae eiio?ieueia a?oia. Oaeyoa a?ae oeeo ei??a oaeiae
a?aecia/aeenue a?eueoith aeoeai?noth AnAO, i?ae eiio?ieuei? ia 22,4% (?(
0,001); 25,4 (?( 0,001); 28,0 (?( 0,001) ? 31,4% (?( 0,001) a?aeiia?aeii
ia 1, 5, 15 ? 30-e aei? i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea, a?eeiaeo o?aeoe?e oa aeoeai?noue
ai?iio?ainoa?ac ne?iaaoee e?ia? nooino?eieo ei??a ? ?o oaeyo ca
i?e?iaeaiaioii? i?aeaiae?ae?, M(m, n=5

Iieaciee A?OIE OAA?EI

eiio?ieue I aeine?aeia II aeine?aeia III aeine?aeia IV aeine?aeia

Nooino?ei? ei?iae

caa. a?eie, iaea/e 19,10(0,17 19,52(0,01 19,38(0,10 19,57(0,02
19,63(0,05

aeueaoi?ie, % 36,42(0,03 37,71(0,35 36,53(0,03 37,64(0,30 37,36(0,41

(1-aeiaoe?ie, % 9,27(0,20 8,40(0,44 8,69(0,52 8,23(0,46 8,13(052

(2-aeiaoe?ie, % 11,24(0,24 10,40(0,46 10,73(0,49 10,44(0,46 10,13(0,50

(-aeiaoe?ie, % 12,85(0,14 12,95(0,12 13,19(0,13 13,01(0,13 13,08(0,13

(-aeiaoe?ie, % 30,21(0,56 30,54(0,70 30,86(1,00 30,68(0,75 31,30(1,09

AnAO, iiieue/a.e 1,33(0,04 1,47(0,09 1,60(0,10 1,53(0,10 1,59(0,11

AeAO, iiieue/a.e 0,750(0,04 0,803(0,03 0,783(0,03 0,821(0,02 0,840(0,01

Iiaiia?iaeaeai? oaeyoa

caa. a?eie, iaea/e 14,65(0,04 17,47(0,02(((( 17,80(0,05((((
17,81(0,03(((( 17,89(0,03((((

aeueaoi?ie, % 53,54(0,25 53,89(0,14 53,67(0,23 54,00(0,17 54,12(0,13

(1-aeiaoe?ie, % 18,46(0,22 18,27(0,18 18,29(0,22 18,45(0,16 18,64(0,20

(2-aeiaoe?ie, % 8,33(0,21 6,70(0,18 7,16(0,24 5,99(0,13 5,30(0,12

(-aeiaoe?ie, % 16,06(0,29 16,23(0,18 16,34(0,24 16,24(0,19 16,26(0,25

(-aeiaoe?ie, % 3,61(0,23 4,97(0,26(( 4,54(0,21( 5,32(0,16(((
5,68(0,25(((

AnAO, iiieue/aiae.e 1,34(0,02 1,51(0,03((( 1,59(0,02(((( 1,61(0,02((((
1,64(0,03((((

AeAO, iiieue/aiae.e 0,620(0,03 0,703(0,04 0,792(0,01((( 0,795(0,01(((
0,796(0,01(((

I?e ?aaoethaaii? ??aiy i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy a nooino?eieo ei??a
niinoa??aa?oueny oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? aeai?iai?iio?ainoa?ace
ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith. Iaeaoaeoeai?oa ca?eueoaiiy aeoeaiino?
AeAO ie aeyaeee a?ae i?aeaiae?ae? nooino?eieo ei??a oaeaoaie i?ae?,
oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c iao?ii?iii. O oe?e a?oi? oaa?ei (IV aeine?aeia)
aeoeai?noue AeAO aoea a?eueoith a?ae eiio?ieth ia 15, 30, 45 ? 60-e aei?
nooinoith ia 6,2%; 15,1 (?( 0,02); 18,7 ? 24,0% (?( 0,01). O oaeyo a?ae
ei??a aeaii? a?oie oaeiae niinoa??aaeanue aeua aeoeai?noue AeAO, i?ae a
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia 28,4% (?( 0,01); 19,6 (?( 0,01); 20,4 (?( 0,02) ?
21,7% (?( 0,05) a?aeiia?aeii ia 1, 5, 15 ? 30-e aei? i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy.

Ne?ae oaeiae neacaoe, ui iaie aoei caoaaaeaii cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino?
oa?iaioo AeAO o nooino?eieo ei??a a?ae ii/aoeo nooinoith aei 60-ai aeiy
o an?o a?oiao oaa?ei, ca aeeeth/aiiyi iacia/iiai i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino?
aeaiiai oa?iaioo a IV-e aeine?aei?e a?oi? ia 30-e aeaiue nooinoith.
Oaeiae ie aeyaeee, ui aeoeai?noue AeAO o oaeyo an?o a?oi aoea aeua i?e
ia?iaeaeaii? ? i?ci?oa aei 30-ai aeiy aeeooy iinooiiai cieaeo?oueny.

Aieea i?aeaiae?ae? oaeaoaie ia iieacieee ianiaoeeo?/ii?

?acenoaioiino? e?ia? nooino?eieo ei??a oa ?o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo.

I?iaaaeaieie iaie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui ei?aeoe?y
i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia
iieacieee ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? e?ia? ei??a ? ?o oaeyo (oaa.3).
Oae, o IV-e aeine?aei?e a?oi?, aea aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio nooino?ei?
ei?iae io?eioaaee oaeaoi? oi?ie i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c iao?ii?iii
niinoa??aaany aeuee ai?no eaeeioeeo?a ia 9,3%; 9,2; 8,1 ? 11,6% (?(
0,05) ia 15, 30, 45 ? 60-e aei? nooinoith, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?. O
oaeyo a?ae oe??? aeine?aeii? a?oie a e?ia? aoei a?eueoa eaeeioeeo?a,
i?ae a eiio?ie? ia 15,9% (?( 0,05); 16,4 (?( 0,02); 19,7 (?( 0,02) ?
19,6% (?( 0,02) a?aeiia?aeii ia 1, 5, 15 ? 30-e aei? iinoiaoaeueiiai
ia??iaeo. Oaeiae ne?ae neacaoe, ui ie caoaaaeeee c?inoaiiy e?eueeino?
eaeeioeeo?a o an?o a?oiao nooino?eieo ei??a a?ae ii/aoeo nooinoith aei
eiai 60-ai aeiy ? i?ioeeaaeio ea?oeio o ?o oaeyo, a yeeo e?euee?noue
eaeeioeeo?a a e?ia? aoea iaeaeuith i?e ia?iaeaeaii? ? iinooiiai
cieaeoaaeanue aei 30-ai aeiy i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy.

Iaie oaeiae aeyaeaii iiceoeaiee aieea ei?aeoe?? i?e?iaeaiaioiiai
aeeaeaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a ia iieacieee oaaioeeoico a e?ia? ei??a ? ?o
oaeyo. I?ioa, iaee?auee ?acoeueoao ie io?eiaee i?e aeiaeaaaii? aei
iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio nooino?eieo ei??a iao?iiao?a i?ae?, oeeieo ?
eiaaeueoo (IV aeine?aeia a?oia). O oaa?ei oe??? aeine?aeii? a?oie
oaaioeeoa?ia /enei e?ia? aoei aeuei a?ae eiio?ieth ia 5%; 7; 8 ? 11% (?(
0,02) a?aeiia?aeii ia 15, 30, 45 ? 60-e aei? nooinoith. ?o oaeyoa oaeiae
iaee aeua oaaioeeoa?ia /enei ia 6%; 5; 9 ? 8% ia 1, 5, 15 ? 30-e aei?
i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy, i?ae eiio?ieueia a?oia. Oaeiae ie aeyaeee, ui o
ei??a on?o a?oi oaaioeeoa?ia /enei e?ia? i?ioyaii nooino?eiiai ia??iaeo
c?inoa?. O ?o oaeyo niinoa??aa?oueny oaea ae naia ea?oeia – ca?eueoaiiy
oaaioeeoa?iiai /enea a?ae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei iaeiii?ny/iiai a?eo.

I?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aea/aiith aieeao i?e?iaeaiaioii?
ei?aeoe?? ?aoe?ii?a ia oaaioeeoa?iee ?iaeaen e?ia? nooino?eieo ei??a ?
?o oaeyo iieacaee, ui aeaiee iieaciee o ei??a c?inoa? i?ioyaii
nooino?eiiai ia??iaeo. Oae, i?e 2,4(0,1 Iae ia ii/aoeo nooinoith /a?ac
60 aei?a a?i noaiiaea 2,7(0,2 Iae o ei??a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. A
aeine?aeieo a?oiao iaie aeyaeaii c?inoaiiy oaaioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaeno e?ia?
i?ae aieeaii i?e?iaeaiaioii? i?aeaiae?ae? nooino?eieo ei??a. Iaea?eueoee
aoaeo ia oaaioeeoa?iee ?iaeaen o nooino?eieo ei??a iaea ?o i?aeaiae?aey
oaeaoieie oi?iaie i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c iao?ii?iii (IV aeine?aeia
a?oia), aea o oaa?ei oe??? a?oie iaie aoei aeyaeaii a?eueoee
oaaioeeoa?iee ?iaeaen, i?ae a eiio?ie? ia 15, 30, 45 ? 60-e aei?
nooinoith a?aeiia?aeii ia 12,0%; 29,2 (?( 0,05); 30,8 (?( 0,02) ? 33,3%
(?( 0,02).

O oaeyo on?o a?oi a iaeiiaeaiiiio a?oe? iaie aeyaeaii cia/ii ieae/ee
oaaioeeoa?iee ?iaeaen, i?ae o ?o iaoa??a. I?ioa, oaeiae aoei iii?/aii
eiai c?inoaiiy aei iaeiii?ny/iiai a?eo oa aeuee eiai ??aaiue o oaeyo
a?ae ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi. Iaee?auei /eiii ia oaaioeeoa?iee ?iaeaen
oaeyo aieeaaea i?aeaiae?aey ?o iaoa??a iao?iiaoaie i?ae?, oeeieo ?
eiaaeueoo, aea iaie aeyaeaii ca?eueoaiiy oaaioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaeno ii
a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth ia 80,0 (?( 0,001); 77,8 (?( 0,001); 53,8 (?(
0,001) ? 38,9% (?( 0,001) a?aeiia?aeii ia 1, 5, 15 ? 30-e aeaiue aeeooy.

Oaaeeoey 3

Aieea i?aeaiae?ae? oaeaoaie ia iieacieee ianiaoeeo?/ii?

?acenoaioiino? e?ia? nooino?eieo ei??a oa ?o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo,
M(m, n=5

Iieaciee A?OIE OAA?EI

eiio?ieue I aeine?aeia II aeine?aeia III aeine?aeia IV aeine?aeia

Nooino?ei? ei?iae

eaeeioeeoe, 109/e 6,9(0,6 7,4(0,7 7,1(0,5 7,4(0,7 7,5(0,7

oaaioe. /enei, % 74,8(1,4 77,4(2,3 75,2(1,8 79,4(2,8 81,0(3,2

oaaioe. ?iaeaen, Iae 2,52(0,06 2,84(0,12 2,56(0,08 2,94(0,17 3,06(0,23

eiiie. aeoeai., Iae 12,0(0,2 12,5(0,3 12,0(0,3 12,6(0,4 13,0(0,4

aaeo. aeoeai., % 77,4(0,9 78,9(0,9 76,8(0,6 79,2(1,3 80,0(1,6

Iiaiia?iaeaeai? oaeyoa

eaeeioeeoe, 109/e 6,9(0,3 7,6(0,3 7,3(0,2 7,7(0,3 8,0(0,3(

oaaioe. /enei, % 44(2,1 48(2,2 45(1,9 49(2,2 50(2,1

oaaioe. ?iaeaen, Iae 0,5(0,03 0,7(0,02((( 0,6(0,02( 0,7(0,02(((
0,9(0,02((((

eiiie. aeoeai., Iae 3,1(0,1 3,6(0,2 3,3(0,1 3,7(0,3 3,9(0,1(((

aaeo. aeoeai., % 28,7(2,2 32,8(1,3 29,1(1,2 33,3(1,6 34,5(1,4

Aea/ath/e aieea ei?aeoe?? i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy ia eiiieaiaioa?io
aeoeai?noue e?ia? nooino?eieo ei??a ? ?o oaeyo, ie aeyaeee, ui a ei??a
aeaiee iieaciee c ia??iaeii nooinoith i?aeaeuo?oueny. O oaeyo i?e
ia?iaeaeaii? eiiieaiaioa?ia aeoeai?noue ieae/a, i?ae o ?o iaoa??a iaeaea
o o?e ?ace, aea c /anii aiia i?aeaeuo?oueny aei iaeiii?ny/iiai a?eo.
I?aeaiae?aey nooino?eieo ei??a iao?iiaoaie i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo
i?aeaeuoaaea eiiieaiaioa?io aeoeai?noue ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai ia 7,7;
7,5; 8,1 ? 13,6% (?( 0,02) ia 15, 30, 45 ? 60-e aei? nooinoith. O oaeyo
a?ae oeeo ei??a eiiieaiaioa?ia aeoeai?noue a 1, 5, 15 ? 30-oe aeaiiiio
a?oe? aoea a?eueoith a?ae eiio?ieth ia 25,8 (?( 0,01); 24,4 (?( 0,02);
21,6 (?( 0,001) ? 20,7% (?( 0,02) a?aeiia?aeii.

A aeine?aeaeaiiyo aaeoa?eoeeaeii? aeoeaiino? e?ia? nooino?eieo ei??a ?
?o oaeyo ie aeyaeee, ui aeaiee iieaciee c?inoa? a i?ioean? nooinoith.
Oae, i?e aeoeaiino? a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oaa?ei 75,0% ia ii/aoeo
nooinoith, a e?ioe? aiia noaiiaeea 79,7%. Aeei?enoaiiy a ?aoe?iiao
nooino?eieo ei??a oaeaoieo oi?i i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c
ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii (IV aeine?aeia a?oia) i?ecaiaeeoue aei
i?aeaeuaiiy aaeoa?eoeeaeii? aeoeaiino? e?ia? ei??a ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai
ia 15, 30, 45 ? 60-e aei? nooinoith ia 2,2; 2,6; 4,0 ? 4,2% (?( 0,05), a
o oaeyo a?ae oeeo ei??a aeaiee iieaciee aoa aeuei a?ae eiio?ieth ia 1,
5, 15 ? 30-e aei? i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeii ia 5,8; 6,4; 6,6 (?(
0,05) ? 7,7% (?( 0,05).

Ioaea, ocaaaeueithth/e aeai? aea/aiiy ae?? i?e?iaeaiaioii? ei?aeoe??
?aoe?ii?a nooino?eieo ei??a ia iieacieee ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? a
ei??a ? ?o oaeyo, ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui iaee?auee aieea ia ?? i?aeaeuaiiy
ie iaee a IV-e aeine?aei?e a?oi?, aea aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio nooino?ei?
ei?iae io?eioaaee iao?iiaoe i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo.

A?ieia?/ia iiaiioe?ii?noue iieiceaa ei??a i?e canoinoaaii?

iao?iiao?a i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo a ?o ?aoe?ii?.

I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie (oaa.4) anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo
nooo?aith ??cieoey ai?noo aiaee, nooi? ?a/iaeie oa ciee ii??aiyii aei
eiio?ieth aoea a iieicea? ei??a, yeeo a nooino?eiee ia??iae
i?aeaiaeiaoaaee oaeaoieie oi?iaie i?e?iaeaiaio?a c ai?iieeneioith
iao?iiii. Oae, a oe?e a?oi? oaa?ei a iieicea? aoei a na?aaeiueiio iaioa
ia 1,63% aiaee ? a?eueoa ia 1,6% nooi? ?a/iaeie oa 0,18% ciee, i?ae o
eiio?ie?.

Oaaeeoey 4

Neeaae iieiceaa ei??a ca ei?aeoe?? i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy

a nooino?eiiio ia??iae?, M(m, n=5.

Iieacieee A?oie oaa?ei

eiio?ieue I-aeine?aeia II-aeine?aeia III-aeine?aeia IV-aeine?aeia

Aiaea, % 81,1(0,4 80,5(0,4 80,9(0,4 80,0(0,4 79,5(0,4

Noo.?a/., % 18,9(0,4 19,5(0,4 19,1(0,4 20,0(0,4 21,5(0,4

Ciea, % 0,83(0,1 0,93(0,1 0,84(0,1 0,97(0,1 1,01(0,1

Eeneioi?noue, 0O 30,4(0,2 29,3(0,2 30,2(0,2 28,7(0,2 28,2(0,2

NCIC, % 13,84(0,16 14,39(0,19 14,13(0,14 14,87(0,15 15,28(0,14

AEe?, % 4,89(0,05 5,08(0,04 4,94(0,05 5,12(0,04 5,19(0,05

Eaeoica, % 4,73(0,01 4,82(0,01 4,75(0,01 4,84(0,01 4,87(0,01

Eaca?i, % 3,08(0,03 3,18(0,02 3,15(0,02 3,23(0,03 3,28(0,03

A?eee ne?ia., % 5,21(0,02 5,47(0,02 5,41(0,02 5,82(0,02 6,22(0,02

Na, ia/ea 13,05(0,12 14,4(0,12 13,4(0,10 15,77(0,12 17,13(0,09

Mg, ia/ea 2,62(0,12 2,73(0,14 2,64(0,16 2,84(0,12 2,93(0,10

Iai?a. P, ia/ ea 6,06(0,15 6,80(0,14 6,23(0,16 7,18(0,12 7,56(0,14

Cu, ia/ea 0,31(0,01 0,34(0,01 0,32(0,01 0,36(0,01 0,39(0,01

Zn, ia/ ea 4,67(0,13 5,00(0,12 4,71(0,14 5,10(0,13 5,29(0,12

Co, iea/ea 1,65(0,11 1,85(0,12 1,66(0,13 2,05(0,11 2,27(0,11

C ?ioeo iieaciee?a iieiceaa ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui i?e?iaeaiaioia
i?aeaiae?aey ei??a a nooino?eiee ia??iae ni?ey? ciaioaiith eeneioiino?
iieiceaa a na?aaeiueiio ia 1,1; 0,2; 1,7 ? 2,2 0O a?aeiia?aeii o I, II,
III ? IV-e aeine?aeieo a?oiao ii??aiyii aei eiio?ieth, aea oeae iieaciee
a na?aaeiueiio noaiiaea 30,4(0,2 0O. Ai?no nooiai ciaaee?aiiai iiei/iiai
caeeoeo a iieicea? ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi oaeiae a?ae??ciyany a?ae
eiio?ieueii? a?oie ? aei??aithaaa 14,39(0,19%; 14,13(0,14%; 14,87(0,15%
? 15,28(0,14% o I, II, III ? IV-e aeine?aeieo a?oiao, ui a?aeiia?aeii ia
0,55; 0,29; 1,03 ? 1,44% a?eueoa, i?ae a eiio?ie?, i?ioa noaoenoe/ii
aeinoia??iith (?(0,001) ??cieoey aoea o?eueee a iieicea? ei??a IV-?
aeine?aeii? a?oie. Iieiceai ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi oaeiae iaei a?eueoee
ai?no aee?o, i?ae iieiceai eiio?ieueii? a?oie ia 0,19; 0,05; 0,23 ? 0,3%
a?aeiia?aeii o I, II, III ? IV-e aeine?aeieo a?oiao i?e eiai e?eueeino?
o eiio?ie? – 4,89(0,05%. Eaeoice a iieicea? ei??a eiio?ieueii? a?oie
aoei ia 0,09; 0,02; 0,11 ? 0,14% (a?aeiia?aeii aei a?oi) iaioa, i?ae o
aeine?aeieo oaa?ei ? ?? e?euee?noue noaiiaeea 4,73(0,01%, aea
noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeiith ??cieoey aoea o?eueee a IV-e aeine?aei?e a?oi?
(?(0,001). Oaa?eie aeine?aeieo a?oi iaee oaeiae a?eueoee ai?no eaca?io a
iieicea?. Oae, o I, II, III ? IV-e a?oiao eiai aoei – 3,18(0,02;
3,15(0,02; 3,23(0,03 ? 3,28(0,03%, ui, a?aeiia?aeii ia 0,1; 0,07; 0,15 ?
0,2% a?eueoa, i?ae o eiio?ieueii? a?oie. A?ee?a ne?iaaoee iieiceaa
(aeueaoi?ie+aeiaoe?ie) aoei a?eueoa oaeiae ia 0,26; 0,2; 0,61 ? 1,01% o
aeine?aeieo a?oiao, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e.

Ei?aeoe?y i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a oaeiae ni?eyea
a?eueoiio ai?noo i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei a ?o iieicea?. I?ioa,
iaeaoaeoeai?oa aieeaaei ia ai?no i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei o iieicea? ei??a
aeiaeaaaiiy aei ?o ?aoe?iio a ia??iae nooinoith oaeaoieo niieoe i?ae?,
oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii (IV aeine?aeia a?oia). O
oe?e a?oi? ei??a a iieicea? aoei a?eueoa, i?ae a eiio?ie? Ca, Mg, iai?a.
P, Cu, Zn ? Co, a?aeiia?aeii ia 31,3%; 11,8; 24,7; 25,8; 13,3 ? 37,6%.

Ioaea, ocaaaeueithth/e ?acoeueoaoe iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue, ne?ae neacaoe,
ui oaeaoi? niieoee i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c iao?ii?iii i?e
aeiaeaaaii? ?o aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio nooino?eieo ei??a iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaii, ii??aiyii c ?ioeie oi?iaie i?e?iaeaiaio?a, i?aeaeuoaaee
a?ieia?/io iiaiioe?ii?noue iieiceaa.

Aieea ei?aeoe?? i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a ia

i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?o, a oaeiae iioiinoaa.

I?ae /an iaoeiai-ae?iaie/iai aenia?eiaioo iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui
i?e?iaeaiaioia i?aeaiae?aey nooino?eieo ei??a nieyie i?ae?, oeeieo ?
eiaaeueoo (I aeine?aeia a?oia), ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii (II aeine?aeia
a?oia), nieyie i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo oa iao?ii?iii (III aeine?aeia
a?oia) ? oaeaoieie niieoeaie i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c iao?ii?iii (IV
aeine?aeia a?oia) i?aeaeuo? i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a ? ?o oaeyo.

?en.1. Aeeiai?ea aeeai? iane oaeyo i?ae aieeaii ei?aeoe??
i?e?iaeaiaioiiai

aeeaeaiiy ei??a o ia??iae nooinoith

Oae, iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a aeine?aeieo a?oi ca ia?oee i?nyoeue
eaeoaoe?? aoea aeua a?ae eiio?ieth ia 4,4% (I a?oia); 0,6 (II a?oia);
5,1 (III a?oia) ? 6,3% (IV-a?oia).

Aeine?aeaeoth/e aeeiai?eo ?inoo oaeyo a iinoiaoaeueiee ia??iae, ie
aeyaeee, ui o oaeyo aeine?aeieo a?oi aeeaa iana aoea a?eueoith a?ae
eiio?ieth (?en.1). Cia/ii aeuith aeeaa iana aoea o oaeyo, iaoa?? yeeo,
e??i iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio, io?eioaaee iao?iiaoe i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo.
O oeeo oaeyo aeaiee iieaciee aoa aeuee ia 22,5%; 18,7; 35,8; 6,2; 13,7 ?
10% a 1-aeaiiiio oa 1, 3, 6, 9 ? 12-oe i?ny/iiio a?oe?, i?ae o
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?. A?aeiia?aeii, aoee aeueie a?ae eiio?ieth ? i?e?inoe
oaeyo o 1, 3, 6, 9 ? 12-oe i?ny/iiio a?oe? ia 7,9%; 46,9; 2,3; 12,3 ?
8,3%.

Ioaea, ocaaaeueithth/e iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ne?ae neacaoe, ui ei?aeoe?y
i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia
aeeoo?caeaoi?noue iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo oa ia? noeioethth/ee aieea ia
iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a ? i’ynio i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?o oaeyo.
Iniaeeai aeia?ee aoaeo ia? i?aeaiae?aey ei??a oaeaoieie niieoeaie i?ae?,
oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii, ui aoei a?aei?/aii iaie
o IV-e aeine?aei?e a?oi?.

Aeniiaee

A eni ?i. O.A. Oaa/aiea ?iaeiyo?anueeiai ?aeiio ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?
iaeano? a ?aoe?iiao nooino?eieo ei??a iaie aeyaeaii aeao?oeeo i?ae?,
oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo a?aeiia?aeii ia 26%, 8,2% ? 48,5%.

Aeeth/aiiy aei ?aoe?iio ei??a i?e?iaeaiaioii? i?aeaiae?ae? iao?iiaoaie
i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo i?aeaeuo? ai?no eaeueoe?th ia 20%, iaai?th —
4,9, iai?aai?/iiai oinoi?o — 19,2, i?ae? — 11,3, oeeieo – 14,9 ?
eiaaeueoo – 28,8% a ?o e?ia?.

Iiaiia?iaeaeai? oaeyoa a?ae ei??a, yeei a ia??iae nooinoith aeaaaee
i?e?iaeaiaioio i?aeaiae?aeth oaeaoieie niieoeaie i?ae?, oeeieo ?
eiaaeueoo, iathoue aeuee caian oeeo aeaiaio?a, i?ae oaeyoa ?ioeo a?oi:
i?ae? ia 9,7%, oeeieo – 21,9, eiaaeueoo – 34,4%, a oaeiae eaeueoe?th –
ia 15%, iaai?th – 2,7 ? iai?aai?/iiai oinoi?o – 6,5%.

Ca ei?aeoe?? i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy nooino?eieo ei??a
i?aeaeuothoueny iieacieee aaiiiiaco e?ia? ei??a ? ?o oaeyo: ai?no
a?eo?ioeeo?a (ia 2,3-9,1%), aaiiaeia?io (ia 5,8-13,2%) ? aaiaoie?eo (ia
0,9-10,5%) oa ??aaiue aetheice a ne?iaaooe? (ia 4,2-10,3%).

I?e?iaeaiaioia i?aeaiae?aey nooino?eieo ei??a o oi?i? oaeaoieo niieoe
i?e?iaeaiaio?a c iao?ii?iii, ni?ey? aeuiio ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eea
ne?iaaoee e?ia? ei??a (ia 1,4-5,8%) oa ?o oaeyo (ia 17,4-22,1%), a
oaeiae a?eueo?e aeoeaiino? o?ainai?iac (a?aeiia?aeii ia 6,2-31,8% oa
19,6-31,4%).

I?ae aieeaii i?aeaiae?ae? ei??a i?aeaeth, oeeieii ? eiaaeueoii
i?aeaeuo?oueny ianiaoeeo?/ia ?acenoaioi?noue ei??a oa ?o oaeyo, yea
i?iyaey?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi ai?noo eaeeioeeo?a a na?aaeiueiio ia 9,5%,
oaaioeeoa?iiai /enea – 7,7, oaaioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaeno – 26,3,
eiiieaiaioa?ii? aeoeaiino? – 9,2 ? aaeoa?eoeeaeii? aeoeaiino? ne?iaaoee
e?ia? – ia 3,25% ( o ei??a) ? a?aeiia?aeii oeeo naieo iieaciee?a o oaeyo
– ia 17,9; 7; 62,6; 23,1 ? 6,6%.

Ei?aeoe?y i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy ei??a o ia??iae nooinoith
caaacia/o? aeuo a?ieia?/io iiaiioe?ii?noue iieiceaa, a naia: a?eueoa
nooeo ?a/iaei (ia 1,6%), aee?o (ia 0,3%), eaeoice (ia 0,14%), eaca?io
(ia 0,2%), ne?iaaoeiaeo a?ee?a (ia 1,01%).

Caiaeiaoaaiiy nooino?eiei ei?iaai iao?iiao?a i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo
ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith ai?noo a iieicea? i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei (Ca – ia
31,3%; Mg – 12,1; iai?aai?/iiai P – 40,5; Cu – 27,6; Zn – 13,4 ? Co –
37,5%).

Caaacia/aiiy ei??a o ia??iae nooinoith iaiao?aeiith e?euee?noth i?ae?,
oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo a ?aoe?ii? i?aeaeuo? ?o iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue o
ia?o? i?nyoe? eaeoaoe?? ia 6,3%.

I?e?iaeaiaioia ei?aeoe?y ?aoe?ii?a nooino?eieo ei??a oaeaoieie niieoeaie
i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii ni?ey?
ia?iaeaeaiith oaeyo c a?eueoith aeeaith ianith (ia 22,5 %) ? e?aueie
iioaioe?eieie iiaeeeainoyie i?iaeoeoeaiino? (ia 15,5%).

I?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao

C iaoith caaacia/aiiy ei??a o ia??iae nooinoith iaiao?aeieie
i?e?iaeaiaioaie iio??aii i?iaiaeeoe aiae?c i?ia?aeueiiai neeaaeo ?o
?aoe?ii?a.

Aeey ei?aeoe?? iai?io ?a/iaei a i?aai?ci? ei??a, iiaiioe?iiiai
caaacia/aiiy ieie ieiaeo, ia?iaeaeaiiy aeeoo?caeaoiiai iioiinoaa,
i?aeaeuaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaiao?aeii a ?aoe?iiao nooino?eieo
ei??a aeiaiaeeoe ai?no i?ae? aei 6,1 ia, oeeieo – 31,1 ia ? eiaaeueoo –
0,47 ia ia e?eia?ai nooi? ?a/iaeie ?aoe?iio.

Uia caaeia?eueieoe iio?aao nooino?eieo ei??a a i?e?iaeaiaioao, e?aua
aeiaeaaaoe aei ?o ?aoe?iio oaeaoi? niieoee i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c
iao?ii?iii.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

E?aaoe?a ?.E., Ia?e?a A.I. I?e?iaeaiaioiee neeaae ei?i?a o
ainiiaea?noaao ia?aaea??nueei? ciie Ea?iao ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano?
// N?euenueeee ainiiaea?.- 1998.- ?4.- N. 6-7.

E?aaoe?a ?.E., Ia?e?a A.I. Ei?aeoe?y oeeieiai? iaaeinoaoiino? a ei??a o
ia??iae nooinoith // N?euenueeee ainiiaea?.- 1999.- ?5-6.- N. 50-51.

E?aaoe?a ?.E., Ia?e?a A.I. Aeeiai?ea i?ae? a i?aai?ci? nooino?eieo ei??a
? ?o oaeyo ca i?aeaiae?ae? a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieie ?a/iaeiaie (AA?) //
Iaoeiaee a?niee Euea?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie ?iai? N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai.- 1999.- Aei. 2.- N. 15-21.

E?aaoe?a ?.E., Ia?e?a A.I. A?ieia?/ia iiaiioe?ii?noue iieiceaa ei??a ca
ei?aeoe?? aeao?oeeoo Cu, Zn, Co o ?aoe?ii? a nooino?eiee ia??iae //
Iaoeiaee a?niee Euea?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie ?iai? N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai.- 1999.- Aei. 3.- *. 1.- N. 61-63.

Stupnyts’kyi R.M., Stoyanovs’kyi S.V., Kyslenko M.F., Tsymbala V.I.,
Holovach P.I., Romanyshyn V.P., Kostiuk S.S., Markiv A.M. Cofactoric and
substratic correction of immunodeficite of animals // Ukrainian-Austrian
sumposium “Agriculture: Science and Practice”.- Lviv.- 1996.- P.
115-116.

E?aaoe?a ?.E., A?eai/oe ?.A., Ia?e?a A.I. Aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee
nooino?eieo ei??a i?e ei?aeoe?? i?e?iaeaiaioiiai aeeaeaiiy // Oace
aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? “A?ieia?/i? iniiae aeeaeaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei” (15-18 aa?aniy 1998 ?.).- Euea?a.-
1998.- N. 11-12.

E?aaoe?a ?.E., Ia?e?a A.I. Aeei?enoaiiy oaeaoieo oi?i i?e?iaeaiaio?a a
?aoe?ii? nooino?eieo ei??a aeey i?aeaeuaiiy o?c?ieia?/ii? c??eino?
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo // ?ioi?i. eenoie Ea OeIOA?.- Euea?a.- 1999.-
?02-99.- 4 n.

Ia?e?a A.I. Aieea oaeao?a aeayeeo i?e?iaeaiaio?a ia o?c?ieia?/iee noai
nooino?eieo ei??a oa ?o oaeyo.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.13 – o?c?ieia?y ethaeeie ? oaa?ei.-
Euea?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C.
Aaeeoeueeiai, Euea?a, 2000.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiith iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeo aniaeo?a
i?e?iaeaiaioii? aiae?ae? o?eueieo ei??a aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ?o
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, yeino? i?iaeoeoe??, caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe?? aaiaoe/ieo
iioaioe?e i?aiaoaeueiiai ?inoo oa ?icaeoeo oaeyo, ?ic?iaee iiaeo oi?i
niieoe i?e?iaeaiaio?a oa aea/aiiy iaoai?cio ?oiuei? ae??. I?iaaaeaieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie iaea?aeai? iia? aeai? i?i aieea i?e?iaeaiaioii?
i?aeaiae?ae? ei??a o ia??iae nooinoith (oaeaoieie niieoeaie i?ae?,
oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo c ai?iieeneioith iao?ii?iii) ia iai?i ?a/iaei a ?o
i?aai?ci? oa i?ioeane aioo??oo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaea. Aeyaeaii a
aeeiai?oe? ci?ie neeaaeo iieiceaa a?ae ii/aoeo eaeoaoe?? aei 10-ai aeiy
? iieacaii iiceoeaiee aieea i?e?iaeaiaio?a o oi?i? oaeaoieo niieoe c
iao?ii?iii ia a?aeiiaeaiiy nae?aoi?ii? ooieoe?? iiei/ii? caeice.
Anoaiiaeaii iioeiaeueio aeico iao?iiaoo i?ae?, oeeieo ? eiaaeueoo a
?aoe?iiao nooino?eieo ei??a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?e?iaeaiaioia i?aeaiae?aey, oaeaoe i?e?iaeaiaio?a,
iao?iiaoe, aieea, o?c?ieia?/iee noai, nooino?ei? ei?iae, iiaiia?iaeaeai?
oaeyoa, iieiceai.

Markiv A.M. The influence of chelates of some trace elements on a
physiological condition of dry barn-feeding cows and their calves.-
Manuscript.

Thesis presented for the scientific degree of candidate of veterinary
sciences on a speciality 03.00.13 — physiology of human and animals.-
Lviv State Academy of Veterinary Medicine named after S.Z. Hzhytskyi,
Lviv, 2000.

The thesis is devoted to the problems of the substation of new aspects
of trace elements feeding of dry barn-feeding cows for increase of their
productivity, quality, ensuring of realization of genetic potention of
antenatal growth and development of calves, working out of new forms of
compaunds of trace elements and studying the mechanism of their action.
New data were obtained about the influence of trace element feeding up
of cows during the barn feeding period (with chelate compounds of
copper, zinc and cobalt with amino acid methionin) on the metabolism in
their organism and on the processes of intrauterus development of a
fetal.

The changes in the dynamics of colostrum content were revealed from the
begining of lactation till the 10-th day of lactation and the positive
influence of trace elements in the form of chelate compounds with
methionin on restoring of secretorial function of mammary geand.

An optimum doze of methionate of copper, zinc and cobalt in the rations
of dry barn-feeding cows was established.

Key words: trace elements feeding up, chelates of trace elements,
methionates, influence, physiological condition, barn-feeding cows,
newborn calves, colostrum.

Ia?eea A.I. Aeeyiea oaeaoia iaeioi?uo iee?iyeaiaioia ia oeceieiae/aneia
ninoiyiea nooinoieiuo ei?ia e eo oaeyo.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?iuo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.13 — oeceieiaey /aeiaaea e aeeaioiuo.-
Eueaianeay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey aaoa?eia?iie iaaeeoeeiu ei. N.C.
Aaeeoeueeiai, Eueaia, 2000.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iainiiaaiey iiauo aniaeoia
iee?iyeaiaioiiai ei?ieaiey aa?aiaiiuo ei?ia aeey iiauoaiey eo
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe, ea/anoaa i?iaeoeoeee, iaania/aiea ?aaeecaoeee
aaiaoe/aneeo iioaioeee i?aiaoaeueiiai ?inoa e ?acaeoey oaeyo, ?ac?aaioee
iiauo oi?i niaaeeiaiee iee?iyeaiaioia e eco/aiey iaoaiecia eo aeaenoaey.
I?iaaaeaiiuie enneaaeiaaieyie iieo/aiu iiaua aeaiua i aeeyiee
iee?iyeaiaioiie iiaeei?iee ei?ia a ia?eiae nooinoiy ia iaiai aauanoa a
eo i?aaiecia e i?ioeannu aioo?eoo?iaiiai ?acaeoey ieiaea. Aia?aua
enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea oaeaoiuo niaaeeiaiee iaaee, oeeiea e eiaaeueoa n
aieiieeneioie iaoeiieiii ia i?aaieci noaeueiuo ei?ia a o?aoueai
o?eiano?a noaeueiinoe e iieacaii aeeiaieeo eciaiaiee
oeceieiai-aeioeie/aneeo iieacaoaeae e?iae ia i?ioyaeaiee nooinoiy.

Enneaaeiaaii, /oi a eni eiaie O.A. Oaa/aiea ?iaeiyoianeiai ?aeiia
Eaaii-O?aieianeie iaeanoe a ?aoeeiiao nooinoieiuo ei?ia auyaeai
aeaoeoeeo iaaee, oeeiea e eiaaeueoa niioaaonoaaiii ia 26%, 8,2% e 48,5%.
Aeeth/aiea a ?aoeeii ei?ia iee?iyeaiaioiie iiaeei?iee iaoeiiaoaie iaaee,
oeeiea e eiaaeueoa iiauoaao niaea?aeaiea eaeueoeey ia 20%, iaaiey — 4,9,
iai?aaie/aneiai oinoi?a — 19,2, iaaee — 11,3, oeeiea — 14,9 e eiaaeueoa
— 28,8% a eo e?iae. Iiai?iaeaeaiiua oaeyoa io ei?ia, eioi?ui a ia?eiae
nooinoiy aeaaaee iee?iyeaiaioioth iiaeei?ieo oaeaoiuie niaaeeiaieyie
iaaee, oeeiea e eiaaeueoa, eiatho aunoee caian yoeo yeaiaioia, /ai
oaeyoa eiuo a?oii: iaaee ia 9,7%, oeeiea — 21,9, eiaaeueoa — 34,4%, a
oaeaea eaeueoeey — ia 15%, iaaiey — 2,7 e iai?aai/iiai oinoi?a — 6,5%.
Ca ei??aeoeee iee?iyeaiaioiiai ieoaiey nooinoieiuo ei?ia iiaeoathony
iieacaoaee aaiiiiaca e?iae ei?ia e eo oaeyo: niaea?aeaiea y?eo?ioeeoia
(ia 2,3-9,1%), aaiiaeiaeia (ia 5,8-13,2%) e aaiaoie?eo (ia 0,9-10,5%), a
oaeaea o?iaaiue aetheicu a neai?ioea (ia 4,2-10,3%).

Iee?iyeaiaioiay iiaeei?iea nooinoieiuo ei?ia, a oi?ia oaeaoieo
niaaeeiaiee iee?iyeaiaioia n iaoeiieiii, ieacuaaao niaeaenoaea aunoaio
niaea?aeaieth iauaai aaeea nuai?ioee e?iae ei?ia (ia 1,4-5,8%) e eo
oaeyo (ia 17,4-22,1%), a oaeaea aieueoae aeoeaiinoe o?ainaieiac
(ania?oaoaieiio?ainoa?acu e aeaieiaieiio?ainoa?acu), niioaaonoaaiii ia
6,2-31,8% e 19,6-31,4%. Iiae aeeyieai iiaeei?iee ei?ia iaaeueth, oeeieii
e eiaaeueoii iiauoaaony ianiaoeeoe/aneay ?acenoaioiinoue ei?ia e eo
oaeyo, /oi i?iyaeyaony oaaee/aieai niaea?aeaiey eaeeioeeoia a n?aaeiai
ia 9,5%, oaaioeeoa?iiai /enea — 7,7, oaaioeeoa?iiai eiaeaena — 26,3,
eiiieaiaioa?iie aeoeaiinoe — 9,2 e aaeoa?eoeeaeiie aeoeaiinoe nuai?ioee
e?iae — ia 3,25% ( a ei?ia) e niioaaonoaaiii yoeo naieo iieacaoaeae a
oaeyo — ia 17,9; 7; 62,6; 23,1 e 6,6%.

Ei??aeoeey iee?iyeaiaioiiai ieoaiey ei?ia a ia?eiae nooinoiy
iaania/eaaao aunooth aeieiae/aneoth iieiioeaiiinoue iieiceaa, a eiaiii:
aieueoa nooeo aauanoa (ia 2,6%), aee?a (ia 0,3%), eaeoicu (ia 0,14%),
eacaeia (ia 0,2%), nuai?ioi/iuo aaeeia (ia 1%). I?e aeiaaaeaiee e
?aoeeiio nooinoieiuo ei?ia iaoeiiaoia iaaee, oeeiea e eiaaeueoa a
iieiceaa aieueoaa niaea?aeaiea ieia?aeueiuo aauanoa (Ca — ia 31,3%; Mg —
12,1; iai?aaie/aneiai P — 40,5; Cu — 27,6; Zn — 13,4 e Co — 37,5%).

Iaania/aiea ei?ia a ia?eiae nooinoiy iaiaoiaeeiui eiee/anoaii iaaee,
oeeiea e eiaaeueoa a ?aoeeiia iiauoaao eo iiei/ioth
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue a ia?aua ianyoeu eaeoaoeee ia 6,3%.
Iee?iaeaiaioiay ei??aeoeey ?aoeeiiia nooinoieiuo ei?ia oaeaoieie
niaaeeiaieyie iaaee, oeeiea e eiaaeueoa n aieiieeneioie iaoeiieiii
ieacuaaao niaeaenoaea ?iaeaeaieth oaeyo n aieueoae aeeaie iannie (ia
22,5 %) e eo/oeie iioaioeeaeueiuie aiciiaeiinoyie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
(ia 15,5%).

I?iaaaeaiiuie enneaaeiaaieyie iieo/aiiua iiaua aeaiiua i aeeyiee
iee?iyeaiaioiie iiaeei?iee ei?ia a ia?eiae nooinoiy (oaeaoiuie
niaaeeiaieyie iaaee, oeeiea e eiaaeueoa n aieiieeneioie iaoeiieiii) ia
iaiai aauanoa a eo i?aaiecia e i?ioeannu aioo?eoo?iaiiai ?acaeoey
ieiaea. Enneaaeiaaii a aeeiaieea eciaiaiey ninoaaa iieiceaa io ia/aea
eaeoaoeee e 30-io iaaeith e iieacaii iieiaeeoaeueiia aeeyiea
iee?iyeaiaioia a oi?ia oaeaoiuo niaaeeiaiee n iaoeiieiii ia
ainnoaiiaeaiea nae?aoi?iie ooieoeee iiei/iie aeaeacu. Onoaiiaeaii
iioeiaeueioth aeico iaoeiiaoia iaaee, oeeiea e eiaaeueoa a ?aoeeiiao
nooinoieiuo ei?ia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iee?iyeaiaioiay iiaeei?iea, oaeaou iee?iyeaiaioia,
iaoeiiaou, aeeyiea, oeceieiae/aneia ninoiyiea, nooinoieiay ei?iaa,
iiai?iaeaeaiiua oaeyoa, iieiceai.

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