?INOEOOO O?EINIO?? ?i. A.N.NEIAI?IAeE

IAOe?IIAEUeII? AEAAeAI?? IAOE OE?A?IE

IAAEAIEI Iaaei TH??eiae/

OAeE 21.15.61

AIEEA O?EINIO?? IEAOIIA

IA CA?IAeAEAIIss OA NOAIIAEAIIss

O?ENOEssINUeEI? AIO?IIIEIA??

niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.11 — ?ae?a??ciaanoai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

EE?A — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? o?einio?? ?ae?a?? A?aeae?eaiiy
?ae?a??ciaanoaa ?inoeoooo o?einio?? ?i. A.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Eieiaeiee
Aiaoie?e Ieeieaeiae/ — canooiiee aee?aeoi?a — ea??aiee A?aeae?eaiiy
?ae?a??ciaanoaa ?inoeoooo o?einio?? ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie, caa.
a?aeae?eii o?einio?? ?ae?a??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeooae Aiaoie?e
Noaiaiiae/ — i?ioani? aeaia?oa-iaioo nioe?aeueieo ? o?einionueeeo iaoe
Naaanoiiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio Iicaiaee ?aai Iaaeiae/ — caa.
eaoaae?ith eoeueoo?ieia?? Noinueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
A.N.Iaea?aiea

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — Ee?anueeee Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «……….»
…………………………………… 1998 ?. i «……….» aiae.
ia can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.161.03 a ?inoeooo?
o?einio?? ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie (252001 Ee?a, aoe.
O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea, 4)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo o?einio??
?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie (252001 Ee?a, aoe. O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea,
4)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «……….»
…………………………………… 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Aieiaauaiei N.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. A ia?aaeaeaiue 2000-e?oiueiai
tha?eath ??caeaa O?enoiaiai iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy e aeooaeueiino? iaae?a?
aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy o?enoeyinueei? ?ae?a??.
Anaa?/ia ? aeeaiea aea/aiiy aeoie?a o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy iinoa? ye
iaaia a?aeiia?aeue ia ieceo i?aeoe/ieo iei?oi?o caieo?a ? iio?aa
noni?euenoaa.

Aeiiaaeaaia aeine?aeaeaiiy eiea i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo ?c aeieeiaiiyi
o?enoeyinoaa, aaeiny o ian ia?aaaaeii a eiioaeno? iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaae
ia?enenonueeiai ?ae?a??ciaanoaa. A?aeoae i?e/eie ca?iaeaeaiiy ?ae?a??
?aaiaae?e aeaiaeeeeny ia?aaeon?i c nooi nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
ia?aaeoiia. Oea aaea naia ii nia? aeeeth/aei aeine?aeaeaiiy o???
aeooiaii? aoiinoa?e, yea ?nioaaea a ia?aaeaeaiue iiyae o?enoeyinoaa, a
oiio e ia aeaaaei iiaeeeaino? aeinoia??ii ?ice?eoe eiai oai?aoe/i?
aeaea?aea. Oiio iei? ioneoue aooe aeooaeueiei ? nai?/aniei
aeine?aeaeaiiy naia oai?aoe/ieo canaae o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy,
aiae?c oeo na?oiaeyaeieo oi?i, ui neeaaeathoue eiai iniiao.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aiiueio?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy ia iniia? iiaeeaeaiiai
i?i/eoaiiy oai??a ?aiiueio?enoeyinueeeo ienueiaiiee?a cana?ae/o?, ui
nooi?ni? aeoiee oe??? na?oiai? ?ae?a?? ia iiaeia aaniethoii iia’ycoaaoe
c aoiinoa?ith iaeanoeinueeeo ?oaea?a, o?aaeeoe?eiei iaeanoeinueeei
?oaea?ciii. ?? aeaea?aea ciaoiaeyoueny ia?aaaaeii a aee?i?noe/iiio
eoeueoo?ii-?ioaeaeooaeueiiio na?aaeiaeu?. Oea cana?ae/o? ii??aiyeueiee
aiae?c a??ia/aiiy ia?oeo o?enoeyi e ?oaea?cio. Naia a?i aeyaey? nooo?a?
?ica?aeiino? a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aieiaieo a??iiia/aeueieo eiioeaio?a iaio
?ae?a?e. Oae, o?enoeyinueea a/aiiy i?i Aiaa ye aaniethoia Aeia?i, i?i
nooi?noue ethaeeie, i?i nia?oue ? iioiea?/ia aeeooy, a/aiiy i?i caiia e
iaaania ca nai?i ci?noii oa ?aeaeiei ni?yioaaiiyi ci???ioiaaia
caeaa?eueoiai a a?e aioe/ii? o?einionueei? o?aaeeoe??, cie?aia o?einio??
Ieaoiia, ye iaea?eueo ?ic?iaeaii? ? iioe?aii? a ia?aaeaeaiue iiyae
o?enoeyinoaa na?oiaeyaeii? nenoaie. Naia oea aeooae?coaaei aea?? oaie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Caaaeaiiy nai? aeena?oaio aaa/aa a
aeine?aeaeaii? i?ioeano ca?iaeaeaiiy e noaiiaeaiiy o?enoeyinueeiai
a??ia/aiiy, cie?aia oaeiai eiai aniaeoo, ye o?enoeyinueea aio?iiieia?y,
naia i?ae aieeaii ? a eiioaeno? ieaoii?cio.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. Ieoaiiyi, ui noinothoueny ia?oiaeaea?ae
o?enoeyinueei? ?ae?a??, ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue i?enay/aii aaea /eiaei
i?aoeue ye aiaineianueeeo, oae ? na?onueeeo ?ae?a??ciaaoe?a. I?ioa e ii
iao /an i?iaeaia aeoie?a o?enoeyinoaa caeeoa?oueny oaeith, ui ia iiaea
aaaaeaoeny inoaoi/ii aea/aiith.

O?oaei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeth?oueny a?aenooi?noth aei iaaii? i??e
oaenoiaiai iaoa??aeo ye o?enoeyinueeiai, oae ? iao?enoeyinueeiai
iioiaeaeaiiy aeaoiaaiiai ia?aaeon?i ia?oei noie?ooyi iaoi? a?e, ye? a,
i?e nai?e iayaiino?, caiiaieee niaith oie ?ioi?iaoe?eiee aaeooi, ui
noai?eany iaaeiei eiea i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo ?c ca?iaeaeaiiyi a??ia/aiiy
o?enoeyinueei? ?ae?a??, ?noi??? ?aiiueiai ?? aoaio.

Oie aii??e/iee iaoa??ae, c yeei i?eoiaeeoueny i?aoethaaoe no/aniiio
o?enoeyiiciaaoeaa?, aeine?aeaeoth/e i?ioean ca?iaeaeaiiy oe??? na?oiai?
?ae?a?? ? ?? ia?o? iinooie (ia?ii ia oaac? oai?e ?aiiueio?enoeyinueeeo
ienueiaiiee?a), ia a?aeaeca?eaeth? iiaiith i??ith ni?aaaeith ea?oeio,
ine?eueee ai?iaeiaae o?eaaeiai /ano ? aiane?aeie aaaaoi?aciaiai
eii?thaaiiy caciaa cia/ieo ?ioa?iieyoeaieo aeaeici?i. A naith /a?ao oea
i?iyaeei naaa a oiio, ui a ?yae? oai??a ye ?aiiueio?enoeyinueei?
e?oa?aoo?e, a oaeiae ? a oai?ao aioe/ieo ienueiaiiee?a, cie?aia
E.Oeaa?y, c’yaeeeny na?aeiii cae?eniai? o?enoeyinuee? anoaaee, ui
cia/iith i??ith oaeiae oneeaaeith? aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?aeoae, c iaeyaeo ia
oeth o?oaei?noue, e iiiei? ia ?nio? ?aeeii? oi/ee ci?o uiaei aena?oeaiiy
aeoie?a o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy ye, aiaeii/an, ? ia ?nio? yeiainue
onoaeaiiai iiaeyaeo ia noai o?enoeyinoaa o ia?oiio noie?oo?.

Oae, ?aaeyinueea ?ae?a??ciaanoai iia?oaaei eeoa ieceith a?iioac, ca?aeii
yeeo, ye ia caaae, aeoiee o?enoeyinoaa a?aeooeiaoaaeeny o noa??
oiai/aniiai ?oaea?cio. A eiai i?aoeyo aiii iinoaaaei i?iaeoeoii
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo ?ae?a?? ?oaea?a, a iiaa ?ae?a?y, i?eiaeii? ia
ia?oeo ii?ao naiai iinooio, ?icoi?eany naeoaionueeei ?ooii o eiai
iaaeao, ui c /anii aoa caaaa/aiei iaaieie yce/ieoeueeeie ?ae?a?eieie ?
o?einionueeeie aeaiaioaie. Cie?aia, aeey ianoithaaiiy oe??? iiceoe??,
i?iaiaeeeeny ie?ai? ia?aeae? c iaeanoeinueeeie eoi?ai?oaie-annayie. C
ae?oaiai aieo, ?aaeyinuee? aeine?aeieee iaiaaaeeny a?aeooeaoe aeoiee
?ae?a?? ?aaiaae?e na?aae aoiinoa?e ae?anii?ieo ?oaea?a. I?ioa oe?
i?aaiaiiy a ?aaeyinueeiio o?enoeyiiciaano? ia aoee iiai?noth e
aeaoaeueii ii?aoeueiaai?, ine?eueee iniiaiee aeoeaio o aena?oeaii?
i?iaeaie aeoie?a o?enoeyinoaa cae?enithaaany a eiioaeno? iaoiaeieia?/ieo
oyaeaiue O.Aiaaeuena, yeee aoa ia?aeiiaiei, ui aieiai? iioeae aeieeiaiiy
?ae?a?? e?ethoueny a nooi nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i?e ieiuei? aioe/iiai
na?oo.

I?ioa ne?ae aeciaoe, ui ie?ai? eiino?oeoeai? aeniiaee a iaoeia?e
?ic?iaoe? oe??? i?iaeaie ana ae aoee c?iaeai? oe?eith ieayaeith
oiai/anieo a/aieo, na?aae yeeo iii?oieie ? i?aoe? I.I?eieuenueeiai,
?.A?iia?a, N.Eiaaeueiaa, ss.Eaioeiaia, A.O?aioeiaa, I.Eoaeaiiaa,
?.Noo/aanueeiai, I.Aieoaoeiai?, I.Eiceea, ?.Naaioeeoeueei?, I.Oin?i?aa,
A.?aiiae/a, A.I?a?oa, I.Eoia, I.?e?ca?iai?, ?.Aion?ia.

Aiaeii/an, a?aeaeath/e iaeaaeia iaoeia?e cia/eiino? aei?iaeo iacaaieo
aeua aaoi??a, a?aecia/eii, ui a ieo a?eueoa anueiai, ye ia caaae,
aeine?aeaeoaaany nei??oa ciai?oi?e a?e o?enoeyinoaa, ai?ae aeeaeii?
ei?ai? iinoaiiy eiai a??ia/aiiy. A?aeoae nooo?aee iaaeie?e ?oi?o
aeine?aeaeaiue o aena?oeaii? ieoaiiy aeoie?a o?enoeyinoaa iieyaaa a
oiio, ui iaeaea ia ii?aoeueiaoaaeany aa?n?y eiai ?oaeai-?aeiaonueeiai
iioiaeaeaiiy, iacaaaeath/e ia ie?ai? ocaaaeueiaiiy e iaoyee, ye? ana ae
aoee iayaieie a oeeo oai?ao.

Ii-ae?oaa, caeeoeany iica ieii aeine?aeaeaiiy aieea aioe/ii? o?einio??
ia i?ioean iinoaiiy e ioi?ieaiiy ?aiiueio?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy. Oaea
iiaa?oia?noue c oeueiai ieoaiiy aoea coiiaeaia caeaa?eueoiai
Aiaaeuen?anueeith oacith, ca?aeii yei? o?enoeyinoai aeieeei aiane?aeie
«cono??/?» «iiiioa?noe/ii? aoeueaa?ii? o?einio??» c «aoeueaa?iith
?ae?a??th». A?aecia/eii, ui oey i???ioaoe?y ia iieiaeaiiy eeaneea naia
ii nia? aaea aeanaieoe?ii?coaaea aoaeue-yea iiaeeaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy
niaoeeo?ee oe??? «cono??/?». A?aeoae aieea aioe/ii? o?einio?? ia
o?enoeyinoai ia aoa c’yniaaiei ? ?ice?eoei.

Aiaeii/an iaaeine?aeaeaiei i?iaeaiiei iieai caeeoeany e iaoai?ci aieeao
o?einio?? Ieaoiia ia i?ioean ca?iaeaeaiiy a??ia/aiiy ?ae?a?? ?aaiaae?e,
oi/a oeae aieea o ia?a?niiio o?enoeyinoa?, c iaeyaeo ia ieceo oai??a
?aiiueio?enoeyinueeeo aaoi??a, aoa iaaeoi a?ae/ooiei.

Caoaaaeeii ooo i?eiaa?aeii, ui e naia o?einio?y Ieaoiia a ?aaeyinuee?e
iaooe? ia aoea iicaaaeaiith iaoia?aaeaeaii? ioe?iee. Oae, na?aae
aeine?aeiee?a oai?/ino? Ieaoiia aeii?ioaaa iaia?aae aecia/aiee
?aeaieia?/iee i?aeo?ae, ca yeei o?einio?y ao?iyieia ioe?ithaaeany a
iaaaoeaiiio niaeo?? ye ?aeaieia?/ii ai?iaea o?einionuee?e nenoai?
ia?enecio-eai?i?cio. Oea, a naith /a?ao, coiiaeei iaeiia?/ia, niioai?aia
?icoi?iiy oai?/ino? aeaeaoiiai a?aoeueeiai ieneeoaey.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — ia iniia?
a?oioiaiiai aiae?co a??ia/aiiy ?aiiueiai o?enoeyinoaa aeyaeoe iiaeeea?
aeaea?aea eiai ca?iaeaeaiiy ? oi?ioaaiiy, aecia/aiiy ?ie? a oeueiio
a?aoeueei? o?einio?? ? cie?aia o?einionueeiai a/aiiy Ieaoiia ye
iaea?eueo ?ic?iaeaii? ? iiioey?ii? ?aeaieia?/ii? nenoaie aioe/iino?.
?aae?caoe?y oe??? iaoe iio?aaoaaea a?aeoae ae??oaiiy eiea ieoaiue, ye?
ciaeoee a?aeaeooy o eia?/i?e no?oeoo?? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? neeaee eiai
iniiai? caaaeaiiy:

cae?enieoe e?eoe/iee iaeyae iniiaieo oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo
i?aeoiae?a, ye? i?iaeoeoaaeeny ?aaeyinueeeie o?enoeyiiciaaoeyie i?e
aena?oeaii? i?iaeaie iinoaiiy o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy, c’ynoaaii?
eiai ?aeaeieo aeoie?a;

i?iaanoe aiae?c a??ia/aiiy o?aaeeoe?eiiai noa?icaa?oiiai ?oaea?cio c
oei, uia oeyoii ii??aiyiiy eiai aieiaieo a??iiia/aeueieo eiioeaio?a c
o?enoeyinueeeie aeneiaeoe nai? i??eoaaiiy c i?eaiaeo ?aea? nooi
i?i?oaeaenueeiai ? iaeanoeinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy o?enoeyinoaa;

aeine?aeeoe aieea o?einio?? Ieaoiia ia ca?iaeaeaiiy aio?iiieia?/ii?
eiioeaioe?? o?enoeyinueei? ?ae?a??, c’ynoaaoe no?oeoo?o ? iaoai?ci
oeueiai i?ioeano;

aecia/eoeny a i?iaeai? iiaeeeaiai aaia?ao?/iiai i?noey ca?iaeaeaiiy
o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy;

aeyaeoe iiaeeea? iinoao?, ye? aeyaeeeny ?ao?aineyoi?aie Ieaoiiiaeo
o?einionueeeo iieiaeaiue a i?ioean? ca?iaeaeaiiy ? ioi?ieaiiy
?aiiueio?enoeyinueeiai a??iiia/aeueiiai eiiieaeno.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy. A aeena?oaoe?eiiio
aeine?aeaeaii? aoee aeei?enoai? ??ciiiai?oi? iaoeia? iaoiaee i?ciaiiy:
caaaeueiio?einionuee?, niaoe?aeuei? caaaeueiiiaoeia? e eiie?aoiiiaoeia?,
oai?aoe/i? e aii??e/i? iaoiaee. Aeena?oaio ei?enooaaany iaoiaeaie
aiaeia?e, nenoaiaoecaoe?? oa ocaaaeueiaiiy, ni?anoaaeaiiy ?noi?e/iiai
iaoa??aeo c eia?/iei aiae?cii ? neioacii, aeio?eioaaany i?eioeei?a
ia’?eoeaiino? e iicaeiioan?eiino?. Aaoi? aeoiaeea ?c iiaeyaeo ia
o?enoeyinoai ye ia yaeua ia?aaeon?i aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e ethaenoaa,
i?eioeeiiaa ? iaoia?aaeaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aiiueiai aoaio yeiai aea?
iiaeeea?noue iaaeeceoeny aei aaeaeaaoiiai ?icoi?iiy ?noi??? iaaii? noa?e
aeooiaiiai na?oo ethaenoaa, eiai aeooiaii? niaaeueie. Oea, aeania, e
ia?aaeaa/eei aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aneaii? i?iaeaie ? iiaeaiiy ?o iane?aee?a
iiaith oiea?aioiino?, oa?ieiino?, na?oiaeyaeiiai ieth?ae?cio oiui.
Ie?aneaia aaoi?ii eiei ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c iinoaiiyi a??ia/aiiy
o?enoeyinoaa, aaeiny ia?aaeon?i i?ae eooii ci?o i?iaeai aoooy ethaeeie,
?? nooiino?, iaoe aeeooy, aooo?aeo oe?iiinoae ? niene?a.

I?e ?iaio? iaae aeena?oaoe??th aaoi?ii aeei?enoai? aeaye? ?aea?,
ocaaaeueiaiiy oa aeniiaee a?o/eciyieo e ca?oa?aeieo ?ae?a??ciaaoe?a,
o?einio?a, ?noi?ee?a oa aiaineia?a. Aiaeii/an aoee a?aoiaai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue a?o/eciyieo aaoi??a c i?iaeai ?aiiueiai o?enoeyinoaa, ye?
aoee aeeeaaeai? a ?yae? eieaeoeaieo oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iiiia?ao?e.

Aii??e/iei iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaeeee oaenoe Nayuaiiiai
Ienaiiy, oai?e i?ia?aeieo aiaineia?a ?aiiueiai e i?ci?oiai ia??iae?a
o?enoeyinoaa — aiieiaao?a ? iooe?a Oea?eae. A?aoiaoaaany oaeiae oa?aeoa?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aio?iiieia?/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee ye a aiaineianueeiio, oae ?
a na?onueeiio ?ae?a??ciaanoa?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aiae?coth/e ci?no a??iiia/aeueii?
nenoaie ?aiiueiai o?enoeyinoaa ? a?aeiaeoiaoe ni?euei? ?ene ?? iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue c Ieaoiiiaith o?einio??th, ?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui aieiaiei
?aeaeiei aeaea?aeii noaiiaeaiiy o?enoeyinueei? aio?iiieia?/ii?
eiioeaioe?? neoaoaaa ieaoii?ci, a iao??iei i?aea?oioyi iiyae
o?enoeyinoaa ye ?ae?a?eii? nenoaie aoea ?oaeai-ieaenaiae??enueea
ae?anii?a.

A ?aieao i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?ii caeiaoo? ?acoeueoaoe ?
aenoiooi ?yae iieiaeaiue, ui neeaaeathoue aeaiaioe iiaecie:

Oeai?noue iiceoe?? ?aaeyinueeiai o?enoeyiiciaanoaa i?e c’ynoaaii?
i?iaeaie aeoie?a o?enoeyinoaa caeaa?eueoiai aoea iaoiiaeaia iaae?aciith
? noa’?eoea?nonueeith iiceoe??th O.Aiaaeuena, yea, a naith /a?ao,
caiaeeeany aei a?aeiaoiaeaeaiiy i?e/ei iinoaiiy oe??? ?ae?a?? nooi a
nioe?aeueii-?noi?e/i?e, eeania?e ieiuei? ?einueeiai na?oo, ui naia ii
nia? aaea aeeeth/aei aeaoaeueia ? iiaeeaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo
aeoie?a o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy.

Ii??aiyiiy aieiaieo a??iiia/aeueieo eiioeaio?a ?oaea?cio (a/aiiy i?i
Aiaa e aiaeanoaaiiee na?o, no?oeoo?o ethaeeie, a/aiiy i?i nia?oue,
anoaoieia?/i? e ian?ainuee? oyaeaiiy) c ?o a?aeiia?aeieeaie a
o?enoeyinueeiio a??ia/aii? cana?ae/o? aeiei??iio a?aei?ii?noue i?ae
ieie, ui caia?a/o? aa?n?th ?oaeai-iaeanoeinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy
o?enoeyinoaa. A?aeoae iaeanoeinueeee ?oaea?ci iani?iiiaeiee aoa
i?iaeoeoaaoe o nai?io na?aaeiaeu? o? oyaeaiiy, ye? noai?ththoue aieiaio
oe?ii?nio no?oeoo?o o?enoeyinueeiai ieneaiiy, a naia: a/aiiy i?i aeieth;
ona?aeiieaiiy Aiaa ye aaniethoiiai Aeia?a; ?aeath a?/iino? iniaenoino?;
«nian?iiy» ethaeeie ye aeoo? a?ae o?ea ? o?eaniiai; aeoae?noe/io
eiioeaioe?th aeaio na?o?a, ui nyaa? aei ??aiy naii? ethaeeie, ?? o?ea ?
aeoo?; eiinoaoaoe?th caiiiai ye a??oiiai ? ceiai.

Eiia??iei ?aeaieia?/iei i?aea?oioyi aeieeiaiiy o?enoeyinueeiai
a??ia/aiiy aoea o?einio?y Ieaoiia, ine?eueee i?e iaaeeaeaii? aei eiai
aaciaeo iieiaeaiue noa? a?ae/ooiith eiai cia/ia iiae?ai?noue naia
ieaoii?cio. Oae, Ieaoiiiaa o?einio?y neoaoaaea iniiaith aei?aoethaaiiy
oaeeo aieiaieo a??iiia/aeueieo iieiaeaiue o?enoeyinoaa ye a/aiiy i?i
Aeia?iai, Aeaaiai Aiaa-Iooey; o?eoioii?/ii? eiioeaioe?? ethaeeie; ?aea?
a?/iino? ethaenueeiai aeooo (aeoo?); ?aiiueio?enoeyinueeiai a/aiiy i?i
aeaaeainoai a?aeieo; eiioeaioe?? caiiiai Oea?noaa Aiaeiai ye
ni?aaaaeeeaiai noni?euenoaa; a/aiiy i?i caia?a/aiiy naino aeeooy
ethaeeie a caiiiio ? a?aeiioaiiy aei iueiai ye aei a?aie cea e a??oa;
?aea? aeoae?cio i?ae na?oii caiiei ? na?oii iaaaniei, a ii?o/ c oeei —
i?ae o?eii ? aeooath ethaeeie; iaoiae?a «aa/aiiy» ? ona?aeiieaiiy Aiaa,
ni?eeiyooy aiaeanoaaiiiai caniaii niiaeyaeaiiy eiai ?icoiii.

Iiaeeeaei aaia?ao?/iei i?noeai ca?iaeaeaiiy o?enoeyinoaa aoei
na?aaeiaeua ?oaeaenueei? ae?anii?e a Ieaenaiae??? ?aeiaonuee?e,
ine?eueee naia Ieaenaiae??enueeee iie?n aeyaeany iiaei oeiii
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?noa, a yeiio oiiaeeeaeany i?ioean aeooiaiiai
aca?iii?iieeiaiiy ?oaea?cio e no?aeieo yce/ieoeueeeo ?ae?a?eieo a/aiue,
cie?aia eoeueo?a I?o?e, E?aaeee ? Aoo?na, ?c?aee, Aaeeei? Iaoa?? aia?a,
c iaeiiai aieo, ? aei?iaeo a?aoeueei? ?aeaae?noe/ii? aeoiee, c ?ioiai,
aecia/ia i?noea na?aae yeiai caeia? o?einio?y Ieaoiia, ui ia iiaei
a?aeaooeny a o?aaeeoe?eii cae?eoiio ? a?aenoi?iiaiiio a?ae na?oo
?oaeai-iaeanoeinueeiio eoeueoo?ii-?ae?a?eiiio na?aaeiaeu?.

?ao?aineyoi?ii Ieaoiiiaeo ?aeaeieo iieiaeaiue o ?aiiueio?enoeyinueeiio
na?aaeiaeu? aenooiaa Naae Oa?n?enueeee (ii?ney aiinoie Iaaei), ine?eueee
naia a iineaiiyo inoaiiueiai ie cono??/a?ii ianoithaaio Ieaoiiii
o?eneeaaeiao no?oeoo?o ethaeeie (aeoo, aeooa ? o?ei). I?e oeueiio
Iaaeiaee «aeoo» oioiaeiee aei Ieaoiiiai? «?icoiii? aeoo?». Naia Iaaei
iia/a?, ui ethaeeia (a??i?oa eeoa ?? aeoo) ii nia?o? cacia? noaeo
aeooiaiiai ii?yaeeo, /iai ia ciaea aeiaeia aeio?enoeyinueea ?ae?a?y ? ui
aoei oa?aeoa?iei naia aeey ieaoii?cio. Iie?ath/enue ia Ieaoiiiaee iaoiae
«aa/aiiy» ?icoiii ?aeaaeueiiai aiinoie oi?io? i?eioeei aoiaeaeaiiy
ethaeeie o a?aeiineie c Aiaii.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Caaaeath/e ia
iaaeinoaoith aeine?aeaeai?noue o a?o/eciyi?e ?ae?a??ciaa/?e e?oa?aoo??
i?iaeaie aeoie?a o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy, i?iaaaeaia aeena?oaioii
?iaioa i?aoaiaeo? ia ni?iao caiiaiaiiy iaaiiai ?ioi?iaoeaiiai aaeooio,
ui ooai?eany o a?o/eciyiiio o?enoeyiiciaanoa? uiaei aena?oeaiiy i?iaeai
iaoai?cio ca?iaeaeaiiy o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaei??th c ia?oeo ni?ia a oe?a?inueeiio ?ae?a??ciaanoa?
aena?oeaiiy i?iaeaie aeoie?a o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy, cie?aia
noaiiaeaiiy o?enoeyinueei? aio?iiieia??.

Oai?aoe/iee ? eiioeaiooaeueiee iaoa??ae aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee a iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?aiiueiai
o?enoeyinoaa acaaae?, o ?ic?iaoe? niaoeeo?n?a c i?iaeai ca?iaeaeaiiy e
aaiace o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy ? eoeueoo. Ocaaaeueiaiiy, aei yeeo
i?eeoia aeena?oaio, iiaeooue aiaeii/an aooe aeeth/ai? a iaa/aeueiee
i?ioean o iaaeao aoc?anueeeo eo?n?a ? niaoeeo?n?a c o?einio??, ?noi???
o?einio??, ?noi??? oa ?ae?a??ciaanoaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee oa iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaiaai? o ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a, eiai
aenooiao ? iaoeiaeo iia?aeiieaiiyo ia eiioa?aioe?yo ??cieo ??ai?a,
cie?aia ia anaoe?a?inueeiio eieiea?oi? «Oaiiiai ?ae?a??»
(20-21.06.1996), ia anaoe?a?inuee?e i?aeia?iaei?e o?enoeyinuee?e
anaiaea? (17-18.02.1998), ia anaoe?a?inueeiio o?enoeyinueeiio oi?oi?
(21.05.1998).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c Anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a, Aeniiae?a e a?ae?ia?ao??. Ae??oaiiy iniiaieo caaaeaiue oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/aei, ianaiia?aae, ?ice?eooy iiieeeiaino? e
iaia’?eoeaiino? oeo iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a, ye? ianoithaaeeny
?aaeyinueeei ?ae?a??ciaanoaii i?e aena?oeaii? ieoaiiy aeoie?a
o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy caaaeii ? o?enoeyinueei? aio?iiieia??
cie?aia. Naia oeueiio i?enay/o?oueny ia?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e noaaeoue ia iao? aena?oeoe iniaeeaino? aeeooy
a?aei-?einueeiai na?oo a ia?aaeaeaiue iiyae o?enoeyinoaa, aeoeaioiaaii
oaaao ia e?ec? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy, ui iicia/eeiny ia?aaeon?i
a ciaaac? aei o?aaeeoe?eii? nenoaie oe?iiinoae, yea aeii?ioaaea ye a
a?aei-?einueeiio noni?euenoa?, oae ? a na?aaeiaeu? ?oaea?a.
Aeiaiaeeoueny, ui caaaeueia e?eca aeooiaii-?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy,
niioai?aiiy na?oiaeyaeieo i???ioe??a ia oa?aiao aioe/iiai «na?oo» aoea
iaei??th c aieiaieo i?e/ei iinoaiiy o?enoeyinoaa, coiiaeea eiai iiyao,
ine?eueee naia o?enoeyinoai ?ai?acaiooaaei a nia? a?aeiia?ae? ia
caaaeuei? caieoe ia?an?/ii? ethaeeie. Aaoi? a?aecia/a?, ui iniiaith
o?enoeyinueeiai na?oi?icoi?iiy, eiai aio?iiieia?/ii? nenoaie ? naia
o?einio?y Ieaoiia.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? cae?enith?oueny caaaeueii-oai?aoe/iee aiae?c
Ieaoiiiaiai a/aiiy i?i ?aea? ye iniiaia nooi?nia yae?i on??? eiai
o?einio??. Aiaeii/an i?iaiaeeoueny aeneo?n a a?e a??ia/aiiy
noa?icaa?oiiai ?oaea?cio. Aecia/ath/e nooo?a? a?aei?iiino? i?ae iei ?
o?enoeyinoaii, aaoi? a?aoiaioiaaii aeiaiaeeoue, caoaaaeoth/e ia ?yae?
iiae?aiinoae i?ae ieaoii?ciii e o?enoeyinoaii, ui iniiaa o?enoeyinueei?
aio?iiieia?? oi?ioaaeany ia canaaeie/eo iieiaeaiiyo o?einio?? Ieaoiia.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e ? eia?/iei nieneiaei i?iaeiaaeaiiyi iiia?aaeiueiai, ai
ae a iueiio c’yniaothoueny a ?o o?enoeyinueeiio aeoeoia/aii? i?iaeaie
no?oeoo?e ethaeeie, ?icoi?iiy nia?o?, iioiea?/iiai aeeooy. Aiae?co?oueny
?aiiueio?enoeyinueea iieiaeaiiy i?i ni?aaaaeeeaa noni?euenoai, a/aiiy
i?i aeaaeainoai a?aeieo ? caeaaei?noue aieiaieo a??iiia/aeueieo
i?eioeei?a eiai a?ae ieaoii?cio.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O ANOOI? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??,
aiae?co?oueny noai ?? ?ic?iaeaiino?, aecia/a?oueny iaoa ? iniiai?
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/a?oueny ?? iiaecia, ?ice?eoa
iaoiaeieia?/ia e oai?aoe/ia i?aea?oioy aeena?oaoe??, ?? oai?aoe/ia ?
i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue, ai?iaaoe?y, iaa?oioiao?oueny no?oeoo?a i?aoe?.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — «I?iaeaia noaiiaeaiiy a??ia/aiiy o?enoeyinoaa ye
ia’?eo iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy» — caoaaaeo?oueny ia?aaeon?i ia oiio,
ui, iacaaaeath/e ia cia/io e?euee?noue ?ae?a??ciaa/eo i?aoeue,
i?enay/aieo ieoaiiyi iioiaeaeaiiy o?enoeyinoaa, e iiiei? ia ?nio?
aeiaeii? oaei? i?aoe?, yea a aeaaaea aeeaiea ? ae/a?iia ?o ?ica’ycaiiy.

Aeoeaioiaaii, ui iiieeeiaa iiceoe?y uiaei aena?oeaiiy aeoie?a
o?enoeyinoaa o i?aoeyo ?aaeyinueeeo ?ae?a??ciaaoe?a caeaa?eueoiai aoea
coiiaeaia aaccanoa?aaeiei ni?eeiyooyi iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaae O.Aiaaeuena
c oe??? i?iaeaie, eiai ?icoi?iiy ieoaiiy iioiaeaeaiiy o?enoeyinoaa, yea
caaaeii iie?aeiny ia nioe?aeueii-?noi?e/io aeieo?eio ia?enecio e
aeniiaee Otha?iaainueei? oaieia?/ii? oeiee. A?aeoae, ne?aeoth/e ca
iiceoe??th O.Aiaaeuena, yeee aei oiai ae ia iaa /?oeiai iiaeyaeo ye
uiaei naii? nooiino? o?enoeyinueei? ?ae?a??, oae ? uiaei i?noey ??
aeieeiaiiy, ?aaeyinuee? ?ae?a??ciaaoe? a aeine?aeaeaii? ?aiiueiai
o?enoeyinoaa cia/io /anoeio nai?o coneeue i?enay/oaaee iaa?oiooaaiith
iieiaeaiiy i?i aeieeiaiiy o?enoeyinoaa na?aae ?aa?a, i?aeniaoth/e aei
oai?aoe/ieo eiai iiia?aaeiee?a (ia c’yniaoth/e o?eueee, ye oea iiaei
aoei aooe ciyoei a oya? iaacaeieaieo) ieaenaiae??enueeiai o?einioa
O?eiia («aaoueea o?enoeyinoaa») ? ?einueeiai o?einioa-noi?ea Naiaeo
(«aeyaeueea o?enoeyinoaa»).

A?eueoa oiai, ?aaeyinueea iaoea noaaeea aeoeaio, oae ae iiaeoe, ia
eeania?e, iie?oe/i?e nooiino? o?enoeyinueei? ?ae?a??, i?aaioea a?aeiaeoe
?? nooue eeoa a nioe?aeueii-?noi?e/iiio eeth/?, a?aeoiaey/e a oaeee
niin?a a?ae aeaoaeueiiai ? iiaeeaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeoie?a ??
a??ia/aiiy, iaiaaeoth/enue eeoa ?yaeii ocaaaeueiaiue. Iaeiioe?ai?oith ?
iaeiiioey?i?oith aa?n??th iioiaeaeaiiy o?enoeyinoaa na?aae ?aaeyinueeeo
aeine?aeiee?a aaaaeaeany caaaeii iaeanoeinueea, yea ia?aaeaa/aea
a?aeiaoiaeaeaiiy eiai aeoie?a a eii? iaeanoeinueeiai ?oaea?cio.

A oeueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaio a?aecia/a? aiaeii/an ? oie oaeo, ui
?aaeyinueeith ?ae?a??ciaa/ith oeieith caeeoaeanue aaniethoii
iaii?aoeueiaaiith aa?n?y iioiaeaeaiiy o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy ?c
na?aaeiaeua ieaenaiae??enueei? ?oaeaenueei? ae?anii?e. Iacaaaeath/e ia
ie?ai? e iiiaeeiie? iaoyee, ye? iathoue i?noea a aeayeeo i?aoeyo, ia oa,
ui o?enoeyinoai a i?ioean? naiai noaiiaeaiiy caciaei aieeao c aieo
o?einio?? Ieaoiia, oey oaia caaaeii caeeoeeany iica oaaaith. Aea ae
?ieue o?einio?? Ieaoiia a oeueiio i?ioean? a?eueo i?ae i/aaeaeia. A/aiiy
?ae?a?? ?aaiaae?e iano?eueee aeecueei noi?oue aei ?aeaae?cio ao?iyieia,
ui oeae oaeo iaa?oue ia caia?a/oaaany ie?aieie ooiaeaoi?aie
o?enoeyinoaa.

Iniiaia iana o?enoeyinueeeo oaieia?a, aoaeo/e ia a ciic? i?ioenoiyoe
oeueiio i/aaeaeiiio oaeoo, ciooaia aoea aeciaoe oeae ca’ycie,
aeoeoia/oth/e eiai, i?aaaea, oe?eeii a oa?noe/iiio eiioaeno?. I?e
oeueiio noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui naia o?einio?y c?eoea ia Ieaoiia ye
iaee?iaaiiy.

Caaaeii noa?ia?aoeueea aeoiea o na?oe? oeueiai oaeoo ?ioa?i?aoo?oueny ye
nai???aeiee i?aeaioia/ee aoai aeey yce/iee?a ia oeyoo ni?eeiyooy ieie
«?noeie O?enoiai?». Oae, Eeeiaio Ieaenaiae??enueeee iaceaaa Ieaoiia
«ao?inueeei Iiena?i».

Oaia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe noaaeoue ia iao? i?iaiae?coaaoe i?ioean
ca?iaeaeaiiy o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy, cie?aia oaeiai eiai aniaeoo, ye
o?enoeyinueea aio?iiieia?y. Ia iaoo aeoieo, iaea??ia?aei?oei a?oioii, ui
oi?ioaaa aoiinoa?o ca?iaeaeaiiy a??ia/aiiy iiai? ?ae?a??, ? naia
o?einio?y Ieaoiia. Naith eiioeaioe?th ie ianoith?ii, iie?ath/enue ia
?yae o?enoeyinueeeo ? iao?enoeyinueeeo aeaea?ae, ui aeaoiaai? ye ia?oeie
noie?ooyie, oae ? i?ci?oei /anii.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — «?aeay naino aoooy a nenoai? a??ia/aiiy ?aiiueiai
o?enoeyinoaa: iiaeyae /a?ac i?ecio Ieaoiiiai? o?einio??» —
?icaeyaea?oueny nenoaia nieneiaeo ia?aaeeai, ye? i?iaieineei
o?enoeyinoai ia a?ai? aioe/iiai na?oo. ?icae?e ia? ia iao? c’ynoaaoe
iaoai?ci aoiaeaeaiiy iniae o a?aeiineie c Aiaii ? aiaeanoaaiiei na?oii,
?ice?eoe i?e/eie ? iane?aeee i?eeiyooy aiaeanoaaiiiai iaee?iaaiiy.

Ia?oee ia?aa?ao — «?einueeee na?o iaia?aaeiaei? iiyae o?enoeyinoaa» —
iiaea? iaii?aiio ea?oeio caaaeueii? e?ece noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai e
aeiiii?/iiai aeeooy ?einueei? ?iia???, yea iaoiiaeea ? i?ecaaea aei
aeaa?aaeaoe?? na?oiaeyaeieo ?aeaae?a ? caiaiaaeo o?aaeeoe?eieo ?ae?a?e
?einueeiai na?oo.

Ae?oaee ia?aa?ao — «E?eca ?ae?a?? ?oaea?a ye ia?aaeoiiaa aeieeiaiiy
o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy» — i?eae?ey? oaaao i?ioeano caiaiaaeo
o?aaeeoe?eii? iaoe?i?ae?a?eii? noa?e ?oaea?a. A ia?aa?ao?
iaaieioo?oueny, ui caaaeueia e?eca ?einueeiai na?oo, aieeioaoe ia noai
?oaeaenueeiai noni?euenoaa, aeeeeeaea oioaeueio e?eco ?oiueiai
?ae?a?eiiai eiiieaeno. Iaaieioo?oueny ia oiio, ui ?oaea?ci, oae naii ye
? iaoe?iiaeuei? ?ae?a?? a?ae?a /e ?eieyi, a ia?aaeaeaiue iiyae
o?enoeyinoaa aoa aaea caiaaeoi neaaeei caniaii, uia aeaoe ao?oo
ia?an?/iiio ?oaea?a?, a a?aeoae ? aiaaiai?noue a oiio, ui na?o ? ana ae
oaee aeia?ei oai??iiyi Anaaeoiueiai. Oea noai?thaaei ia?aaeoiiae aeey
aeieeiaiiy o?enoeyinueei? ?ae?a??, yea iaaeanoue iiaa ?icoi?iiy na?oo,
oeo noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo c?ooaiue, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a iueiio, a
a?aeoae ?ai?acaioo? e iia? aeooiai? i???ioe?e, oi?ioth/e iiaa ?icoi?iiy
Aiaa.

O?ao?e ia?aa?ao — «O?einio?y Ieaoiia — ?aeaeia aaca o?enoeyinueeiai
na?oi?icoi?iiy» — aeoeaioo? ia?aaeon?i oaaao ia oiio, ui naia a aeiao
caiaiaaeo a?aei-?einueei? oeea?e?caoe??, eiee ethaeeia iieieeany ia
naiio? ?c nai?ie aeanieie i?iaeaiaie, c’yaey?oueny e?aeiy iaiao?aei?noue
a iia?e na?oiaeyaei?e nenoai?, oae?e, yea a ?ai?acaiooaaea ia?aae
ethaeeiith iiaee oeyo aei iiooeo iiaeo aooo?aeo niene?a ? aiaeii/an aoea
a ni?iiiaeiith aeoeoia/eoe ?? ?nioaaiiy a iaaeao /ooo?aiai na?oo cea.
O?enoeyinoai ii-i?aao aeyaeeiny o??th aeeoo?aeaeiith ? aeieaiiniith
neeith, ui ?aeeii ni?iiiaeany iaaeaoe ethaeei? a ia??iae e?ece e e?aoo
aioe/ii? nenoaie oe?iiinoae oae? aaaeeea? e i/?eoaai? iioaioe??, ye?
iaiao?aei? aoee ?e aeey aeoiaeo ia ye?nii iiaee ??aaiue na?oinoaaeaiiy ?
na?oi?icoi?iiy.

A ia?aa?ao? cacia/a?oueny, ui no?eaeiaaei iieiaeaiiyi o?enoeyinueeiai
na?oi?icoi?iiy iinoaei a/aiiy i?i ethaeeio ? ?? i?noea a na?o?.
O?enoeyinoai ?ai?acaiooaaei e eoeueoeaoaaei naia iiaee i?aeo?ae ? iiaa
aa/aiiy na?oo, a ?acii c oei ? iiaee iiaeyae ia ethaeeio, ?? i?noea ?
?ieue a nenoai? a?aeiinei «na?o iaaaniee — na?o caiiee».

O?enoeyinoai, ye ?ae?a?eia nenoaia iiaeyae?a, ia?oei i?iaieineei, ui
naia ?c-ca a??oiiaae?iiy ia?oeo ethaeae na?o ia?anoaa aooe iiai?noth
i?aeeiio?ieueiei Oai?oeth, a aiaeii/an ? e aeani?noth Naoaie. A
ine?eueee /ooo?aee na?o — oea na?o a??oa, iani?aaaaeeeaino? oa cea, oi
ia ne?ae ooeaoe aeia?i, uanoy, ni?aaaaeeea?noue o eiai iaaeao. Inoaii?
ciaoiaeyoueny, a a?aeoae ? ionyoue aeaiaeeoeny eeoa c aiaeanoaaiiiai ye
ni?aaaeiueiai, noaeiai na?oo ia?aaoaaiiy Aiaa.

Naia oaea ?icoi?iiy na?oo caiiiai aoooy nii??aeith? o?enoeyinoai c
o?einionueeei a/aiiyi Ieaoiia (427-347 ??. aei i.a.), yeee naiai /ano,
ia iniia? a?aee?eoiai iei a/aiiy i?i ?aeaaeueia, i?iaieinea, ui ana ?
any a /ooo?aiio na?o? ? ia?noeiiei ? iani?aaaei?i, a oiio — e ianouei.
A?aeoae i?eioeeie Iiaiai Caa?oo a?aee?eaaee ia?aae ethaeeiith
?aaeuei?noue aiaeanoaaiiiai. Aiii iinoaaaei aeey ia? aaea ia ye uinue
caiia /e iaa?oue iaaecaiia, a ye na?o ia/ooo?aiai, ?aeaaeueiiai. Aanue
Iiaee Caa?o — oea iaaieiiee a?e c ii/oooyie ethaeeie, c ?? aeina?aeii,
aeaaaeaiei ca aeiiiiiaith ?aoe?iiaeueiiai, aii??e/iiai, oi/ ?
ne??ieaiiai ???aoe?iiaeueiei aoooyi Aiaa.

Aeena?oaio i?aee?aneth?, ui o?enoeyinueea aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o caiiiai
aeeooy ethaeeie ia ? i?ea?iaeueiei. Iaaieioo?oueny, ui Ieaoii aoa
ia?oei, ooi oae i?yii ? a?aee?eoi cayaea, ui aeeooy ethaeeie a /ooo?aiio
na?o? iiae?aia aei «aeeooy a eaeaeaiao», a?ae yeeo ethaeei? eii/a
iaiao?aeii ca?eueieoeny. Ianoith?oueny aeoiea, ui naia c iiaea/?
a?aoeueeiai o?einioa ?aeay i?eieaeaiiy cia/eiino? aoooy ethaeeie a
/ooo?aiio na?o? ciaeoea nai? cia/ia ae?aaeaiiy o o?enoeyinoa?.

Aaoi? aeoeaioo? oaaao ia oiio, ui iaeaieiai?oei, ui i?eaa?oaei e
i?eaa?oa? ethaeeio aei o?enoeyinoaa, ? o? i?eioeeie, o? caeiie, ye?
aeathoue ?e iiaeeea?noue a?ae/ooe iiaiioo ?aaeueiiai ? noaa?eueiiai
uanoy, uanoy, yea aeaoa?i?io?oueny Aiaii, coiiaeaia iino?eiei ?
aaciina?aaei?i ca’yceii ethaeeie c iei.

*aoaa?oee ia?aa?ao — «?aeay a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iniaenoino? ye oiiaa
aeinyaiaiiy uaneeaiai aeeooy: o?enoeyinueeee aniaeo ?aae?caoe??» —
aeiaiaeeoue, ui iiaecia o?enoeyinoaa ye ?ae?a?eii? nenoaie iieyaaea
ianaiia?aae a oiio, ui aiii i?iaieineei a/aiiy, yea ?ai?acaiooaaei
iiaiai Aiaa — Aiaa Aeia?a, Ethaia? ? Ieeina?aey, aeiei??iii a?aei?iiiai
a?ae oyaeaiue i?i Aiaa, ye? iaee yce/ieee e ?oaea?. Aiaeii/an
a?aoiaioiaaii ianoith?oueny aeoiea, ui o?enoeyinueeee aeina?ae ?aeiaiiy
c Aiaii iaieio/a i?eaiaeeoue a??oth/iai aei a?aee?eooy ?noeiiiai Aeia?a
e iaia?aaa?oaiiai ? iino?eiiai a?ae/oooy Uanoy.

Iaeiae, uia caaaiooe Aeia?i aaca?aeiinii, ianaiia?aae o?aaa, ye oea
iia/a? Iiaee Caa?o, ni?eeiyoe naiiai Aiaa ye ?noioo Aeia?o. A oeueiio
eiioaeno? ?aiiueio?enoeyinueea i?iiia?aeue ia i?iaieiooaaea, ye a?aeiii,
ia?aoai?aiiy ae?enieo oiia na?oo, a eeoa ei?aaoaaea na?aeii?noue oiai,
ooi iia’ycaiee c oeei na?oii. I?aaaaeiee ioneoue caa??aaoe na?e
aioo??oi?e na?o o na?o? aeaeth e ianeeey.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — «Iioieia?/ia a/aiiy Ieaoiia a eiioaeno?
oi?ioaaiiy o?enoeyinueei? aio?iiieia??» — aeena?oaio i?iaiaeeoue
caaaeueii-oai?aoe/iee aiae?c Ieaoiiiai? o?einio??, aeiaiaeeoue, ui
nooi?nia i?aea?oioy o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy, iniiao yeiai neeaaea?
ae??oaiiy ia?aaeon?i aio?iiieia?/ieo i?iaeai, noaiiaeoue naia ieaoii?ci.

Ia?oee ia?aa?ao ?icae?eo — «Iioiaeaeaiiy o?enoeyinoaa: aeieace
iaiiaeeeaino? ca?iaeaeaiiy eiai a??ia/aiiy a eii? ?oaea?cio» — cacia/a?,
ui ?oaea?ci o ia?aaeaeaiue aeieeiaiiy o?enoeyinoaa yaeya niaith
aeiaiaoe/ii-caeinoai?eo oi?io. Oi?iaeuei? iinoaiiae, nooa ia?yaei?noue —
inue aeaeaei iaiiaiee ia?ae?e /eiiee?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiai ia oie
/an. Aoaeo/e o?aaeeoe?eii ?cieueiaaiei a?ae ciai?oiueiai na?oo,
iaeanoeinueeee ?oaea?ci aoa iani?iiiaeiee i?iaeoeoaaoe o nai?io
na?aaeiaeu? o? oyaeaiiy ? iiiyooy, ye? noai?ththoue aieiaio oe?ii?nio
no?oeoo?o o?enoeyinueeiai ieneaiiy.

Aoaeue-yea ?aoi?ia ?oaea?cio i?ae aieeaii aee?i?cio /e yei?nue
yce/ieoeueei? ?ae?a?? o iaaeao iaeanoeinueeiai na?aaeiaeua aoea i?inoi
iaiiaeeeaith, ine?eueee ?ae?a?y ssoaa aoea aeey ?oaeay aiaeii/an ?
iaoe?iiaeueiith ?ae?a??th, ? iin??i iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea?, ?
iaoe?iiaeueiei ae?acieeii. Iaeoyae/ei a??oii, ca?aeii Oi?e, yea
aeeiioaaea ?ieue ?aaoeyoi?a ?ae?a?eiiai ? na?onueeiai aeeooy, aaaaeaany
aiaeae iaeiaioee a?aeo?ae a?ae o?aaeeoe?eiino? e i?oiaeienaeueiino?
?ae?a??. Iaa?oue /anoeiaa ?aoi?ia ?ae?a?? ssoaa iinoaaeea a ?oaea?a ia
a?aiue a?aeiiae a?ae naieo naaa. A oea, a naith /a?ao, a na?oe?
?oaeaenueei? i?oiaeien?? ?icoi?einy a ye e?ao iaoe??. Iaa?oue ?oaea?, ui
aeeee a ae?anii?? ? aiane?aeie aieeao aee?i?noe/ii? eoeueoo?e iinooiiai
ao?aoeee ??aeio iiao e ?iciiaeyee aeeeth/ii a?aoeueeith, ana ae, ye
i?aaeei, i?aeo?eioaaee oeth o?aaeeoe?eio cae?eo?noue aeanii? ?ae?a??, ai
ae naia aiia oo?eioaaea ?o a?ae oe?eeiaeoiai cieeiaiiy ye iaoe?? ?
iiaiiai aeeth/aiiy a aee?i?ci.

A?aeoae aeena?oaio, a?aoiaoth/e o?aaeeoe?eio ?cieueiaai?noue
iaeanoeinueeiai na?aaeiaeua a?ae noi?iii?o aieea?a, o? ianoaaeie, ui
neeaeeny a Iaeanoei? ia?aae iiyaith o?enoeyinueei? i?iiia?ae?, iaaieioo?
? aeiaiaeeoue iiieeeia?noue iiaeyaeo, ca?aeii c yeei ?aeeiei i?aiao??iei
a?oioii iiyae iiai? ?ae?a?? aoei iaeanoeinueea na?aaeiaeua.

Iaenooo?a?o? i?aeaaeeie ca?iaeaeaiiy o?enoeyinoaa aaoi? aaa/a? a
aoiinoa?? ?aeiaonueei? ae?anii?e ?oaea?a, ine?eueee naia ooo aiie,
ii-ia?oa, ii/oaaee naaa ? ieneeee a?euei?oa, ai?ae ia nai?e
aaouee?auei?, a, ii-ae?oaa, a ae?anii?? aiie caciaaaee neeueieo aieea?a
?ioeo ?ae?a?eieo a??oaaiue, a oaeiae a?aoeueeeo o?einionueeeo nenoai, ui
naia ii nia? iaoiiaethaaei ie?aei? oiiae aeey aeieeiaiiy na?aae
?aeiaonueeeo ?oaea?a ?ae?a?? ?aaiaae?e. Iaaii a neeo ae?? oeeo /eiiee?a
? nenoaia ?ae?a?eieo iiaeyae?a O?eiia Ieaenaiae??enueeiai aeieeea naia a
ae?anii??, a ia a Iaeanoei?. C a?eueoith i?aenoaaith oea ioneoue
noinoaaoeny e o?enoeyinoaa, o a??ia/aii? yeiai, ii?o/ c
i?oiaeienaeueieie ?oaeaenueeeie ? O?eii?anueeeie ?aeayie, cia/ia i?noea
iin?aeaee ye aeaiaioe a?aoeueei? ?aeaae?noe/ii? aeoiee, cie?aia
ieaoii?cio, noi?oeecio, aiinoeoeecio, oae ? ??cieo aeecueeino?aeieo
eoeueo?a.

Caaaeii ianoith?oueny aeoiea, ui ?aeaaeueiei a?oioii aeieeiaiiy, a
a?aeoae ? iioe?aiiy o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy iiaei neoaoaaoe naia
na?aaeiaeua ae?anii?e, a eiie?aoi?oa — ?aeiaonueei? ae?anii?e c aieiaiei
?? oeaio?ii — i?noii Ieaenaiae???th.

Ae?oaee ia?aa?ao — «Ieaoii?anueea iaoao?ce/ia o?aaeeoe?y — aaciaa iniiaa
ca?iaeaeaiiy o?enoeyinueei? aio?iiieia??» — ia?aaeon?i iaaieioo? ia oiio
oaeo?, ui o?einio?y Ieaoiia ia /an iiyae o?enoeyinoaa aoea a aioe/iiio
na?o? /e ia iaeiiioey?i?oith noaiith na?oi?icoi?iiy. Aieiaia iiceoe?y
Ieaoiia — aaaaeaoe ca ?noeiiinoua iaaeaeeia, oiaoi iacaiia aeeooy, iana
a nia? no?eueee iiae?aiiai c o?enoeyinoaii, ui oea niiioea? aei
aeniiaeo, ui naia Ieaoii ? aoa o??th iniaith, yea iaeneiaeueii aiooaaea
a?oio aeey iiyae o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy.

A ia?aa?ao? aeiaiaeeoueny, ui naia Ieaoii?anueea iaoao?ce/ia e?i?y o
o?einio?? iaaea? o?enoeyinoao ?yae aaaeeeaeo ? ci?noiaieo aeey iueiai
i?iaeoe?e. Aieiaia ca?ii na?aae ieo caeia? iieiaeaiiy i?i ?nioaaiiy
/iainue iniaeeaiai, ui ia?aaeuo? nai?th oe?ii?noth aii??e/ia aeeooy. Oey
iaae/ooo?aa noa?a a oyaeaiiyo o?enoeyi aeeeaa?oueny a noaeaeaiiy i?i
iaaei?e?iaeiee aniaeo aoooy, o?ainoeaiaeaioio ?aaeuei?noue, yea a?aie/ii
a?aeaeaeaia a?ae onueiai caiiiai. Naia aiia neoao? o?enoeyinoao
«i?noeai» iiiaoeaiiy aiaeanoaa.

O?enoeyinoai, ne?aeoth/e ca Ieaoiiii, i?iaieineei, ui ?noeiia aeaai aeey
ethaeeie e?e?oueny ia a /ooo?aiio caaeiaieaii?, oei ia/a ia a /ooo?aeo
ao?oao, a ianaiia?aae a ?noeiiiio ?icoi?ii? Aiaa ? a oiio aiaeanoaaiiiio
aooo?, aei yeiai ia? i?aaiooe ethaeeia caniaii aeaniiai ?icoio.

Aeena?oaio aeoeaioo? oaaao ia oiio, ui Ieaoiiiaa a/aiiyi i?i ?aea?,
aeaaaeaia ia iniia? noai?aeeiaoe?? i?ae ?aeaaeueiei ? /ooo?aei, iaaea?
o?enoeyinoao oa i?aea?oioy, ia i?aenoaa? yeiai aiii aeoai?eei nai?
aeiaiaoe i?i aaanue aeooiaii-aiaeanoaaiiee eiiieaen ye aoooy nouiai. Ia
eooaeo a/aiiy Ieaoiia o?enoeyinoai noi?ioethaaei ianaiia?aae o? nai?
ia?oii?eioeeie, ye? i?ioenoaaeythoue caiiiio aoooth ethaeeie aeeooy
iaaania, ui ? ? iaae/ooo?aei, ? a?/iei. Naia a noa?? inoaiiueiai e ?nio?
«Oai?aoeue onueiai aeaeeiiai ? iaaeaeeiiai».

O?ao?e ia?aa?ao — «O?enoeyinueeee aeoae?ci, eiai oa?aeoa?i?
iniaeeaino?». Aecia/aeueiei i?eioeeiii a??ia/aiiy Iiaiai Caa?oo ? ?aeay
aeaio na?o?a. Aeena?oaio aiaeii/an ianoith? aeoieo, ui o?aaeeoe?eiee
noa?icaa?oiee ?oaea?ci iaa?yae /e i?a aooe ?aeaieia?/iith aacith aeey
oaeiai o?enoeyinueeiai aeoae?cio. Oi/a i?ci? a?ae?ei? eieae, oiaoi o?,
ye? aoee iaienai? i?ney aaaeeiinueeiai iieiio, e ianooue a nia? aeaye?
?ioiiaoe?? oeueiai a/aiiy (a??a a ?nioaaiiy Naoaie ? aeia?eo aiaae?a,
iiae?e na?oo ia «na?oei» ? «oai?yao»), i?ioa a noa?icaa?oieo oaenoao, ye
ia caaae, a?aenooiy iiae?aia o?enoeyinoao /e ieaoii?cio ??cea
aioeoaoe/i?noue iii?ae neeaie cea ? aeia?a, «oai?yae» ? «na?oea», Naoaie
? ssoaa. C?aooith, ooo iaia? ? a/aiiy i?i niieiia?/io ai?ioueao i?ae
ieie. I?ioenoiyiiy oea ciaoiaeeoueny i?ae iiaiith aeaaeith ssoaa.

A ia?aa?ao? cae?enith?oueny aeoeaio oaeiae ia oiio, ui e oa?aeoa?
annaenueeiai aeoae?cio iaa?yae /e i?a c?a?aoe ?ieue oi?ioth/iai /eiieea
o noaiiaeaii? o?enoeyinueeiai aeoae?noe/iiai a/aiiy. Ni?aaa a oiio, ui
nai?i ei??iiyi a?i nyaa? oaeaeoa a ci?iano?eci, ai?ae ia? nai? aeoiee
aeanue a aee?i?ci?. Ca?aeii c annaenoaii, na?o iiae?eaiee ia aeaa
niieiia?/ii ai?iae? oea?noaa — oea?noai na?oea, aeia?a, ni?aaaaeeeaino?
? i?aaaaeiino?, c iaeiiai aieo, ? oea?noai oai?yae, cea, iai?aaaaeiino?
? iai?aaaee, c ?ioiai, ui aea? i?aai oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe annaenueeee ?
i?ciueinoa?icaa?oiee aeoae?ci, ia a?aei?io a?ae o?enoeyinueeiai, ye
aaniethoiee.

A?aoiaoth/e cacia/aia aeua i?i eoi?ainueeee oa ??ainueeee aeoae?ci,
aeena?oaio i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui o?enoeyinueea aeoae?noe/ia
a/aiiy iaa?yae /e iaei ca c?acie annaenueeo aai ae ??ainueeo
eiioeaioe??. Ni?aaa a oiio, ui eiioeaioe?y i?i aeaa na?oe ?ae?a??
?aaiaae?e nyaa? aei ??aiy naii? ethaeeie, ?? o?ea ? aeoo?, ui iaaeeaea?
?? nei??oa aei Ieaoiia, ai?ae aei anna?a /e ??aioe?a.

Na?o caiiee, ye a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o?enoeyinoaa, oae ? o a/aii? Ieaoiia,
oea — na?o /ooo?aiai aoooy. A iaio aeiaaeeao a?i ? ia?noeiiei, a?eueoa
oiai aeey naii? ethaeeie ? na?oii cea ? na?oii i?ieeyooy. A iueiio aiia
ia iiaea ciaeoe aeey naaa ia’?eoeaia ciaiiy ?noeie, ?noeiia uanoy ye
noai iiaiiai ? iaeaeuiai caaeiaieaiiy aeeooyi. Naia oiio o?enoeyinoai ia
iniia? Ieaoiiiaiai a/aiiy i?aaioei ianaiia?aae ae?aaoe ethaeeio c ??
aii??e/iei aeina?aeii i?ciaiiy nouiai ?c caiiiai na?oo, i?aeaiaey/e ??
na?aeiii aei caia?a/aiiy oeueiai aoooy ? ?ici?uoth/e ?? ?icoi aeanue a
Oea?noa? Iaaaniiio, aiai?y/e neiaaie Ieaoiia, a oiiaeyaeiiio
«caiaaaniiio na?o?», a yeiio «?nio? i?ae?ania naia ii nia?, ? aeaaa, ?
aaeeea, ? ana ?ioa».

*aoaa?oee ia?aa?ao — «Ieaoiiiaa a/aiiy i?i Aeia?i — i?ioioei
o?enoeyinueeiai ?icoi?iiy Aiaa-Iooey». ?aaiaaeuenueeee O?enoin aia?oa
i?iaieinea iieiaeaiiy (yea, aei ?a/?, ia ciaea aeiaeia aeio?enoeyinueea
?ae?a?y), ca?aeii yeiai Aia, ii?o/ c oei, ui iinoa? Aeuei Nieneii
Anana?oo, ? oaeiae ? Aiaii Aeia?ei, oiniaeaiiyi Aeuiai e ?aeaaeueiiai
Aeia?a. Oea iaiaei?iii ??aeieoue eiai c Ieaoiiiaei Aeuei Aeia?ii,
?aea?th Aeia?a, ine?eueee o?eueee ?aeay Aeia?a ? ?noeiiei ciaiiyi, ai ae
«aiia coiiaeth? i?eaeaoi?noue ? ei?eni?noue ni?aaaaeeeaino? ? anueiai
?ioiai». Aeia??noue o?enoeyinueeiai Aiaa aeiaiaeeoueny oei, ui a?i ?
Aiaii anai?iuath/ei, ieeina?aeiei. Aia Iiaiai Caa?oo aenooia? Aeia?ii o
oaeiio ae ieai?, ye oea eiai a oi?aa?naeueiiio eiai aecia/aii?
aeaiaeeoue Ieaoii, oiaoi a?i iana ooieoe?th naii? ?aea? Aeia?a, oiaoi ?
Aiaii Aeia?ei ? aiaeii/an oiniaeaiiyi aeuiai ? ni?aaaeiueiai Aeia?a a
aaniethoiiio niene?.

A ia?aa?ao? aeiaiaeeoueny, ui aeoiee oi?ioaaiiy a ?aiiueio?enoeyinuee?e
aeieo?ei? a/aiiy i?i Aiaa ye aaniethoia Aeia?i ia o?aaa ooeaoe i? ia
noi??ieao Noa?iai Caa?oo, i? caaaeii a oiai/aniiio o?aaeeoe?eiiio
?oaea?ci?, ine?eueee ssoaa aenooia? oai Aiaii ea?ath/ei, iaaiei
oiniaeaiiyi ?aaieaiai noia?aieiaea?y, iaae?eaiei, ia a?aei?io a?ae Aiaa
Iiaiai Caa?oo, ?yaeii aio?iiiii?oieo ?en. Ei??iiy eiai eaaeaoue, iaaii,
o Ieaoiiia?e o?einio??.

I’yoee ia?aa?ao — «?non O?enoin — ooiaeaoi? o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy».
Aea/aiiy aeoie?a o?enoeyinueei? ?ae?a?? o an? /ane aoei iaei??th c
iaeneeaaei?oeo i?iaeai. Oea c’yniao?oueny ianaiia?aae iaeaea iiaiith
a?aenooi?noth eiie?aoieo ?noi?e/ieo na?ae/aiue i?i ?aii? o?enoeyinoai ?
i?i eiai ooiaeaoi??a, ui a naith /a?ao e ni?e/eieei aeieeiaiiy oae
caaii? i?oieia?/ii? oai???, ca?aeii yei? o?enoeyinueea ?ae?a?y aeieeea
noeo?eii a Iaeanoei? ? iaa?aeiii yeei /eiii. Iniaa ae ?nona iinoaaaea ye
/enoee i?oieia?ci, noai?aiee o?enoeyiaie ai?iaeiaae o?eaaeiai /ano ia
i?aenoaa? i?o?a ??cieo ia?iae?a.

Inoaiiy aeoiea ii/anoe ? a??iith. Aaeaea a ia?ac? ?aaiaaeuenueeiai
O?enoa ni?aaae? iiaeia a?aeiaeoe aeaui ni?eueia c ia?acaie I?o?e,
In???na, Aoo?na, Aaeii?na ? eoeueoiaeie a??ia/aiiyie inoaii?o. I?ioa
?yae aeine?aeiee?a ua a ?aaeyinueeee /an (A.Eaaeaeai, ?.Aion?i,
I.Eoaeaiia, ?.Naaioeeoeueea) noaaeee ieoaiiy i?i iiaeeeaa ?noi?e/ia
?nioaaiiy aae?eaenueeiai i?iiia?aeieea ia eiaiiy ?non.

Ni?aaae?, a oai?ao iaa?oue iaea?aeaa?o?oeo aioeo?enoeyi (Oeaeuen,
Ii?oe??e, A???iee, Oeaa?e Eeaaae?e THe?ai, aaoi?e Oaeioaeo oa ?i.), ui
aeaoothoueny ia?oeie noie?ooyie iaoi? a?e, ?non, i?e an?e ai?iaeino? aei
eiai iniae, o?ao?o? ia?aaeon?i ye ?noi?e/ia iinoaoue. Naia c iei iacaai?
aaoi?e iia`ycothoue oaeo aeieeiaiiy o?enoeyinoaa.

Aea, ioe?ithth/e iinoaoue ?nona, ie aiaeii/an ia?ii i?iaiaeeoe /?oeo
iaaeo i?ae ethaeeiith ?nonii (?nonii Aae?eayieiii /e ?nonii ?c
Iaca?aoo), oaeo ?nioaaiiy yei? ? iacaia?a/iei, e ?nonii ?aaiaae?e,
?nonii ye eoeueoiaei aiaeanoaii, a ia?ac? yeiai, iaa?oue aaea ia
noi??ieao eaiii?/ieo ?aaiaae?e, aeineoue eaaei ?icaeaae?oe ?ene, oi/a e
iaaiith i??ith cai?oieia?ciaai?, aea oae?, ui iaeaaeaoue ye?enue iaei?e
eiie?aoi?e ethaeei?.

Oae, ia i?aenoaa? oaeno?a i?i ?nona ?c Iaca?aoo c Oeaeuena ? Oaeioaeo,
aeinoia??i?noue yeeo ia aeeeeea? noii?ao, iiaeia i?eionoeoe c aaeeeith
aeieath eiia??iino?, ui ?non, ye iaeaooi?e i?ia?niee iiaiai ?ae?a?eiiai
a/aiiy, oi?ioaaany a aoiinoa?? ?oaeaenueei? ae?anii?e a ?aeio?.

Aeena?oaio cacia/a?, ui ia i?aenoaa? ?aaiaae?e Ia?ea, Eoee ? Iaoa?y, a
yeeo ciaoiaeeii iaea?eueoa ethaenueeeo ?en ?nona, aa/eii, ui inoaii?e
aoa iai?aeeia?iith iniaith na?aae iaeanoeinueeeo ?oaea?a. Aeineiiaea
ciaiiy iei ?oaeaenueeiai Nayoiai Ienueia, yea a?i eiiaiooaaa iica
eiioaenoii o?aaeeoe?eiiai ?oaea?cio, c iaeiiai aieo, eiai e?aa?aeueia
noaaeaiiy aei o?aaeeoe?eii? eoeueoiai-ia?yaeiai? noa?e (o?aiiaa neoaeaa,
noaioa), — c ?ioiai, oa?aeoa?ecoaaee ?nona O?enoa ia?aaeon?i ye
ae?anii?iiai ?oaeay.

Oae, i?iiia?aeue ?nonii naiai a/aiiy, iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui aiia aia?oa
i?ieoiaea ia caieyo Iaeanoeie (Aae?eay, ?oaeay), ia iiaeia aaaaeaoe ye
i?iiia?aeue oaeiai a/aiiy, ui ? iiai?noth nii??aeiaiei c ?oaea?ciii ?
aeaoa?i?io?oueny eeoa ii?iaie o?aaeeoe?eiiai ?oaea?cio, ine?eueee aiii
aoei iano?eueee iiaei ? iao?aaeeoe?eiei (a iueiio a?ae/oaaeeny
oa?aeoa?i? Ieaoii?anuee? ?ioiiaoe??), ui ?oaea?, ye oi aaea aeaeii c
?aaiaaeuenueei? ?noi???, ia oa ui ia iiaee a a?eueo?e nai?e ian? eiai
c?icoi?oe c iiceoe?? noa?aioeiiiai ?oaeaenueeiai na?oiaeyaeo, aea
aiaeii/an iiaa/eee a iueiio uinue ae?acii iiaainueea.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? — «Aieea aio?iiieia?/iiai a/aiiy Ieaoiia ia
oi?ioaaiiy o?enoeyinueei? eiioeaioe?? ethaeeie» — c’yniaothoueny aeoiee
oaeeo o?enoeyinueeeo a??iiia/aeueieo iieiaeaiue ye oi a/aiiy i?i
no?oeoo?o ethaeeie, nia?oue ? iioiea?/ia aeeooy, i?i ni?aaaaeeeaa
noni?euenoai e aeaaeainoai a?aeieo.

A ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? — «I?iaeaia neeaaeiaeo ethaeeie o Ieaoiia ? a
?aiiueiio o?enoeyinoa?» — iaaieioo?oueny ia oiio, ui o?enoeyinoai,
aeciath/e, ia c?acie Ieaoiia, aeooo (aeoo, ?icoi) oeaio?ii ethaenueeiai
?noaa, oei naiei canoaeeei o?ei. A?aeiii, ui iaeiei ?c aaciaeo
eiioeaiooaeueieo eiai canaae ? a/aiiy i?i aeieth ethaeeie.
Anoaoieia?/iee iiiaio a??ia/aiiy ia?aaeaa/a? ianaiia?aae «nian?iiy»
ethaeeie ye aeoo? (ca?aeii ?ioeo ? oi/i?oeo eiioaeno?a — aeooa) a?ae
o?ea ? o?eanieo iiaeaaeeeainoae, ye? ai?oyoue aeooo, i?ea’ycoth/e ?? aei
caiiiai ye a??oiiai ? ceiai.

Aeena?oaio caoaaaeo?, ui iiae?ai? ithaine ia cono??/aeeny a ?ae?a??
Oi?e, ai ae ana caiia i?iaieiooaaeiny oai aeaaii aeey ethaeeie. O?eania
ao?oa ? aaea/a — inue i???ioaoe?eia iaoa caa?aaeaiiy caiia?aeae Oi?e.

A ia?aa?ao? cacia/a?oueny, ui o?enoeyinoai ca nai?th aioo??oiueith
iai?aaeai?noth aeeae/a noi?oue aei Ieaoiia, ai?ae aei naiai, oae ae
iiaeoe, iiia?aaeieea — Noa?iai Caa?oo. Aeaai a eiioaeno? o?enoeyinueeiai
a??ia/aiiy ia ciaoiaeeoueny o caiiiio aooo?. Aiii — ca eiai iaaeaie,
aeanue o aiaeanoaaiiiio na?o?. Aoaeue-yea i???ioiaai?noue ia nooi
o?eania ia/aei o?enoeyinoaii canoaeaeo?oueny.

Aaoi? caaino?th? oaaao ia ?aiiueio?enoeyinuee?e o?eoioii?/i?e aoaeia?
ethaeeie (iiae?aii? eiioeaioe?? ia iaea aeiaeia aeio?enoeyinueea
?ae?a?y). Iaa?oioiao?oueny oi/ea ci?o, ui iiae?aia iieiaeaiiy ioi?ieeiny
ia i?aenoaa? ? i?ae aieeaii naia Ieaoiiiai? o?einio??. Oae, «aeooa» o
Iaaeiaiio o?enoeyinoa? ?ai?acaioo? niaith Ieaoiiia? aoaeoeaia ?
i?eno?ania ia/aea, ye? a inoaiiueiai, ye a?aeiii, oaeiae ? nia?oieie. A
aeoo, ca Iaaeii, — oi Ieaoiiiaa ?icoiia ia/aei aeoo?.

Ca?aeii a?ae?eiiai a/aiiy, ?c-ca a??oiiaae?iiy aeoo cacia? iaaii?
aeaoi?iaoe??, ao?a/a? naith nayo?noue, noa? a??oiei. A?aeoae iiaicaa?oia
iaeneia «ia?iaeeoenue cai?e» ci???ioiaaia ? ia?aaeaa/a? ianaiia?aae
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy ethaeeie (? oi a iniiaiiio ?? aeooa).

Ae?oaee ia?aa?ao — «A/aiiy i?i nia?oue ? iioiea?/ia aeeooy» — iiaea?
ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c o?aaeeoe?eiiai ?oaea?cio ? o?enoeyinoaa a ?o
?icoi?ii? nia?o?, iioiea?/iiai aeeooy c oei, uia ?ica?yoe iiieeeia?
oyaeaiiy, ui ?aeay iioiea?/iiai aeeooy oniaaeeiaaia ?ae?a??th O?enoa
naia a?ae noa?icaa?oiiai ?oaea?cio. Ia i?aenoaa? ?yaeo oaeno?a c
?oaeaenueeiai Ienaiiy, aeena?oaio aeiaiaeeoue, ui ?aeay caa?iaiiai
aeeooy a ?ae?a?? Oi?e aoea iiai?noth a?aenooiy, ia naieoe?iiiaaia ssoaa.

Aeena?oaio ianoith? aeoieo, ui iiaicaa?oia eiioeaioe?y Aiaeiai noaeo
noi?oue ia yce/ieoeuee?e iniia?, iniia?, yea aoea /oaeith aeey aeooo e
aoeae ?oaeaenueei? i?oiaeien??. I?aea?oioy aeey o?enoeyinueeiai a/aiiy
i?i aeooo ? ?? iioiea?/iee noai aoei caeeaaeaia nei??oa Ieaoiiii,
ine?eueee naia a eiai a/aii?, ye ? a o?enoeyinueeiio, eiaeia ethaeeia
cacia? noaeo aeooiaiiai ii?yaeeo i?ney nai?? nia?o?, noaeo iaae ??
aeooath, /iai ia ?nioaaei aei Ieaoiia. C ?ioiai aieo, o?enoeyinoai,
iiae?aii aei Ieaoiia, ?icaeyaea? nia?oue /a?ac i?ecio ia eeoa nooi
einiiaii?/io /e aio?iiieia?/io, a e ii?aeueii-aoe/io.

Nia?oue, ia a?aei?io a?ae Noa?iai Caa?oo, ?icaeyaea?oueny o?enoeyinoaii
ye uinue /anoeiaa, icia/aia eeoa ao?aoith o?ea: aeooe iiia?eeo (a ?ioiio
eiioaeno? — aeoo?) ii nia?o? o?ea ia?aoiaeyoue aei «?ath», a /e ae aei
«aa?iie» ye iaeanoae «aaaeano» («aaeo», «iaeea») ? oai /aeathoue /ano
naiai aine?an?iiy. Cacia/a?oueny, ui iiae?eaiiy o?enoeyinueeiai
«aaaeano» ia aea? noa?e aoei oeiiaei naia aeey a?ae?a, a a/aiiy i?i
iinia?oi? «ieoa?noaa» aeoo ie a?aeiaoiaeeii naia o Ieaoiia.

A ia?aa?ao? iaaieioo?oueny, ui naia aiinoie Iaaei ii-ieaoii?anueeiio
aeoeoia/o? ethaeeio. Aiia iinoa? o eiai oaenoao ye eiiieaen, ui ii?aeio?
aeooaaia ia/aei ? aeooiaia ye nia?oia ? a?/ia. Ethaeeia ia?iaeaeo?oueny
ia na?o aeooaaiith, aea a i?ioean? aeeooy ?e iaeaaeeoue noaoe
aeooiaiith. Ca?aeii o?einio?? Ieaoiia oeae i?ioean a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ae
aieeaii ie?aeiiai ?icoiiaiai niiaeyaeaiiy ?aeaaeueieo nooiinoae, ye?
a?aee?eaa? aeey naaa o?einionoaoth/a iniaeno?noue. O Iaaea oea
a?aeaoaa?oueny aiane?aeie ni?eeiyooy ia a??o ?aeae O?enoiaiai a/aiiy,
ia?ai???ioaoe?? na?aeiiino? i?ae aieeaii o?enoeyinueei? i?iiia?ae?.
A?aeoae naii?aae?caoe?y iniaenoino? a /ooo?aiio anaoe?ei caeaaeeoue a?ae
?? ?icoio, yeee ? aa?aioii aeia?iye?niiai aeeooy. ?icoiia ae?yeuei?noue
ethaeeie ioneoue aooe ci???ioiaaia ia niiaeyaeaiiy
?aeaaeueii-aiaeanoaaiiiai, a?aeoai?aiiy eiai caeii?a a nia?, ye?
iinoathoue a ?ie? iai?aaeyth/eo i?eioeei?a aeia?iii?yaeiiai e a?aeiiai
ethaeeie aoooy. «Aeoiaeoa i?i oa, ui aai??, a ia i?i oa, ui ia caie?», —
iia/a? aiinoie (Eie. 3:2).

A o?aoueiio ia?aa?ao? — «Ni?aaaaeeeaa noni?euenoai — iaoa aoooy
o?enoeyieia» — ia?aaeon?i ianoith?oueny aeoiea, ui ?aeay «Oea?noaa
Iaaaniiai» ia ii/aoeiaeo noaiao ?icaeoeo o?enoeyinoaa ianea a nia?, oae
ae iiaeoe, caiiee ci?no. Ia?o? o?enoeyie, i/?eoth/e i?eo?ae ian?ainueei?
aeiae, aoee ia?aeiiai?, ui oea?noai Ian??, Iaaania /e Aiaea Oea?noai,
aoaea a ia?oo /a?ao oea?noaii caiiei ye oea?noaii aeui? aiaeanoaaiii?
ni?aaaaeeeaino? ? Aeia?a ia caie?, ? oi ca aeeooy oiai iieie?iiy, yea
aeeei a ia?oiio noie?oo?. I?ioa c /anii, c iiaea/? aiinoiea Iaaea, oey
?aeay aoea iaiiaiaia aeooiaiei ci?noii.

A?aecia/eii, ui o?enoeyinueea ?aeay caiiiai «Oea?noaa Iaaaniiai» ye
noni?euenoaa ni?aaaaeeeaino? ? aeia?a ia ? i?ea?iaeueiith. Ie
cono??/a?ii ?? ua caaeiaai aei iiyae o?enoeyinoaa. Ie?ai? iienaiiy
oaeiai noni?euenoaa ie a?aeiaoiaeeii ua o Ieaoiia, yeee iinoaaea ca iaoo
ciiaeaethaaoe oaea noni?euenoai (o iueiai — aea?aeaaa), yea a noiyei ia
canaaeao ?noeiii? ni?aaaaeeeaino?, aeia?a ? uanoy. ?aeay ?icaoaeiae
iiaiai e ni?aaaaeeeaiai noni?euenoaa, yeo aeiiooaaa o nai?o i?aoeyo
Ieaoii, iaea?aeo? iiaeaeueoa nai???aeia ao?eaiiy naia o a/aiiyo
?aiiueiai o?enoeyinoaa.

Oae, ia?a?nia o?enoeyinoai na?aeiii a?aeeeaea? oeyo ia?aoai?aiiy caiiiai
aeeooy caniaaie iie?oe/ii? ai?ioueae, ?icaeyaeath/e ?o ye iaaeinoaoi? ?
iaaoaeoeai? caniae, ui ia oii? o?aa?/ieo iecie a?iiaaeyinueeeo ai?i ?
iianoaiue ?aa?a aeiae e?ece a?aei-?einueeiai na?oo, a a ?aieao
?oaeai-iaeanoeinueeiai na?aaeiaeua — «?aaiethoe?e» a aeon? Iaeaaa?a, ia
iiaeooue i?eaanoe noni?euenoai aei ae?enii? ni?aaaaeeeaino? e aa?iii??.
?ioeie neiaaie, i?eeoia /an anoaiiaeaiiy a?aeiiai ethaeeie ii?yaeeo
?a/ae, /an i?aeoe/iiai ao?eaiiy ?aeae Oea?noaa Aiaeiai, i?eo?ae yeiai
aoaea iciaiaiiaaiee aaeeeith ? ?aioiaith ?aaiethoe??th aeooiaiiai
ii?yaeeo, ui noaiaoueny a ?aieao caiiiai aoooy ethaeeie ? i?eiana
i?aeoe/ia cae?eniaiiy i/?eoaaii? iaoe — noni?euenoaa ni?aaaaeeeaino? ?
ni?aaaaeeeaeo iniaenoinoae.

*aoaa?oee ia?aa?ao — «A/aiiy i?i aeaaeainoai a?aeieo». O?enoin ia
noi??ieao ?aaiaae?e, iiae?aii Ieaoiio, yeee aeo/ii aeiaea ei??iue
anaeainueeiai cea, i?iaieioo?, ui eiai ei??iue eaaeeoue a aaaeaii?
ethaeeie aieiae?oe iaoa??aeueieie ?a/aie. Aaoi? aeena?oaoe??
aeiaiaeeoue, ui o?enoeyinueea a/aiiy i?i aeaaeainoai a?aeieo ia aoei
i?ea?iaeueiei, ine?eueee o?enoeyinoai eiai ia?aeiyei o Ieaoiia. ?ioeie
neiaaie, naia eiai iiaeyaee iaea?aeaee a o?enoeyinoa? na?e iiaeaeueoee
?icaeoie ? c?aooith — ioi?ieaiiy o a/aii? i?i aeaaeainoai a?aeieo, yea a
?aiiueiio o?enoeyinoa? aoei aeiaaaeaia aei e?aeiuei? iaae?, ca?aeii yei?
a?aeiee — aaea «aeaaeaiiee», a aaaaoee — a??oiee, yeiai, ca eiai
aaaaonoai, /aeathoue oi?oo?e i?ney nia?o?.

sseui ei??iue noni?eueiiai cea eaaeeoue a aaaaonoa? (i?aaiaii? aieiae?oe
iei), yeui an? naa?ee, a?eie ? iani?aaaaeeeaino? a na?o? aeaoa?i?iiaai?
aeaaith aei aaaaonoaa, oi eia?/ii, ye oea aeo?ea? ?c a/aiue ?aiiueiai
o?enoeyinoaa, iicaooeny ethaeei? i?aaiaiue aooe aeanieeii, ia?aeiiaoeny
a oiio, ui aeani?noue, aaaaonoai ? iaiaei?iii ceii, nei??oa — ei?aiai
aoaeue-yeiai cea. sse ? Ieaoii, O?enoin oaeiae i?aaia i?eaanoe ethaeeio
aei iiaii? a?aeiino?, yea ? noaiii aeaaeainoaa. Naia inoaii?e (? o?eueee
a?i) i?eaaaea ethaeeio aei ?aeiaiiy c Aiaii.

Aeey O?enoa ia ?nio? aaaaonoaa i?aaaaeiiai. Oa e aooe oaeiai ia iiaea,
ai ae onyea aaaaonoai, yea ethaeeia iaaoaa?, ia eiai aeoieo, caaaeaee
aeo?ea? ? iia’ycaia c iani?aaaaeeea?noth. Inoaiith a?i ?icoi?? ia a
eiioaeno? noa?icaa?oiiai Ienueia, a a na?oe? aeuiai Aeia?a, yea aeey
iueiai neiii?co?oueny ? eieae?co?oueny a inia? eiai Iooey Iaaaniiai.
A?aeoae eiai caeii aeo?ea? c ona?aeiieaiiy ? ?icoi?iiy ni?aaaaeeeaino?
a na?oe? oeueiai Aeia?a, yea ia aea? i?aaa aooe ? i?aaaaeieeii ? aaaaoei
aiaeii/an. C?aooith, ?non i?iaieioo? «aeaaeaiieie» ? i?aaiianooiieeaie
Oea?noaa Aiaeiai oeo, ooi aoa aeey i?oiaeienaeueiiai ?oaeay iieeaeueeii
? a??oieeii — a?aeieo, eae?e ? ??ciiai ?iaeo in?a, yeeo a?aeeeioei a?ae
naaa noni?euenoai.

O AENIIAEAO — cacia/a?oueny, ui ia?aaeoiiae iiyae o?enoeyinoaa
ciaoiaeeeenue ia?aaeon?i a aeooiaiiio coaiae?ii? ?einueeiai noni?euenoaa
aiane?aeie oioaeueii? ? caoyaeii? e?ece, yeo ia?aaeeaaea ?iia??y a
ia?aaeaeaiue iiyae ?aaiaaeuenueei? i?iiia?ae?. Oae, ciaoe?iaiiy
na?oiaeyaeieo ia?aaeeai, ciaa??a a o?aaeeoe?ei? eoeueoia? aiaeanoaa
a?aei-?einueei? ?ae?a??, aeaetha?aeia noaiiaeua ?oaeaenueei? ?ae?a??
iaoiiaethaaee ianei?noe/i? oaiaeaioe?? o ia?an?/ii? ethaeeie uiaei ??
iniaeno?niiai na?oini?eeiyooy ? na?oi?icoi?iiy. Naia a oeae ia??iae
oe?ieee caaae /aea? ia iiao na?oiaeyaeio nenoaio, yea a aoea
ni?iiiaeiith aeoeoia/eoe ia?aaeon?i oa, ui na?o ? aeia?ei oai??iiyi
aeia?eo aia?a ? /iai, a naith /a?ao, aaea ia caeaoi? c?iaeoe
o?aaeeoe?ei? iaoe?iiaeuei? ?ae?a??. Oaeith iiaith na?oiaeyaeiith
nenoaiith ii-i?aao aeyaeeiny o?enoeyinoai.

Aieiaia eiai caneoaa iieyaaea a?aeoae a oiio, ui aiii ?ai?acaiooaaei
ia?aae aioe/iith ethaeeiith iiaiai Aiaa — Aiaa, yeee ? oiniaeaiiyi
aaniethoiiai Aeia?a. An? aooo?a? eaoaee?cie, oene yeeo a?ae/oaaea a
nai?io aeeoo? ethaeeia, io?eioaaee iiaa nai???aeia aeoeoia/aiiy.
?nioaaiiy cea coiiaeaia Naoaiith, a ine?eueee oeae na?o
i?aeii?yaeeiaaiee naia eiio, oi ooeaoe e i/?eoaaoe aeia?a,
ni?aaaaeeeaino? ? uanoy a caiieo iaaeao iaaeioe?eueii. ?nioaaiiy ?o a
?io?e noa?? — a noa?? aoooy naiiai Aiaa, oeyo aei yeiai i?ieyaa? ia
/a?ac o?aie, ia /a?ac oea?aiii?aeuei? ae?enoaa, a naia /a?ac ethaenueeee
?icoi, oeyoii aeoiaiiy, niiaeyaeaiiy a ?icoi? ia?en?a aiaeanoaaiiiai
aoooy. Caaaeaiiy ethaeeie caanoe oea aoooy aei naiai ??aiy, iaiiaieoe
eiai i?eioeeiaie nai? aoooy. Iaiaei?iiith oiiaith oaei? ae?? ? c?a/aiiy
a?ae naiai caiiiai aeeooy, naaa naii?. I?ioa iiae?ai? o?enoeyinuee?
a??iiia/aeuei? eiioeaioe ia aoee i?ea?iaeueieie. Aaea caaeiaai aei
o?enoeyinoaa i?i ana oea aiai?ea Ieaoii.

?icoi?th/e nii??aeiai?noue i?ae o?enoeyinoaii ? ieaoii?ciii, ie ioneii
a?aeooeaoe oa na?aaeiaeua, yea a iineoaeeei i?aiao??iei a?oioii aeey
ioi?ieaiiy iiae?aieo o?enoeyinueeeo iiaeyae?a. C?icoi?ei, ui
?oaeai-iaeanoeinueeee eiiieaen a oeueiio a?aeiioaii? aeaeyaea? ae?ae
iai?eaeaoiei, ine?eueee aoaeue-yeee yce/ieoeueeee aieea noai?i
canoaeaeoaaany a ia?aaeaeaiue iiyae o?enoeyinoaa ?oaea?ciii, a
aei?aoethaaoe a nai?io na?aaeiaeu? aaniethoii iaaaoeaio uiaei
o?aaeeoe?eii-?oaeaenueei? oe?ii?nio nenoaio oe?iiinoae ? i???ioaoe?e a?i
naiino?eii ia i?a.

Oaeee i?ioean oaeaeoa ca ana i?a a?aeaoaaoeny eeoa a eii? ae?anii?ieo
?oaea?a, a naia — a na?aaeiaeu? ?aeiaonueeeo ieaenaiae??enueeeo ?oaea?a,
i?i ui na?ae/eoue, ye aeieac, e ?oaeai-o?einionueea oeiea, a?aeiiei
i?aaenoaaieeii yei? aoa O?eii Ieaenaiae??enueeee. Cacia/eii, ui
oa?aeoa?io ?eno eiai a/aiiy neeaaeaa oaeiae ieaoii?ci, oi/a e cia/iith
i??ith canoi?ciaaiee.

Naia a na?aaeiaeu? ieaenaiae??enueeeo ?oaea?a, aei yeeo eiia??ii
iaeaaeaa ? nai ?non O?enoin (?non ?c Iaca?aoo, ?non Aae?eayiei),
?nioaaee iaoeiia? aeey ?oaea?a oyaeaiiy, a naia a/aiiy i?i a?/i?noue
aeoo?, iioiea?/ia aeeooy. Oa e naia a/aiiy anna?a-oa?aiaao?a aoei
i?iaeoeoii ae?anii?iei, ine?eueee aeaiaioe aeoae?cio, iiaeyaee ia aeooo
? nia?oue aaniethoii aoee a?aei?iieie a?ae oeo, ye? ianoithaaeeny
?oaeai-iaeanoeinueeith i?oiaeien??th.

A eiioaeno? noaiiaeaiiy a??ia/aiiy o?enoeyinueei? ?ae?a?? cia/ia i?noea
iin?aea? iinoaoue aiinoiea Iaaea, oaeiae ae?anii?oey, yeee ia?oei
cae?eniea oai?aoe/io nenoaiaoecaoe?th aieiaieo ?aiiueio?enoeyinueeeo
a??iiia/aeueieo iieiaeaiue. Caoaaaeeii ooo i?eiaa?aeii, ui eiai
ae?yeuei?noue a eii? ia?a?nii? oea?eae ioneoue ?icoi?oeny ? ye
?ao?aineyoi?nueea, ine?eueee e a eiai i?aoeyo a?ae/ooiee Ieaoii?anueeee
i?aeoaeno. Cie?aia Iaaeiaa ?icoi?iiy o?eoioii?/ii? no?oeoo?e ethaeeie
cia/iith i??ith caeeaeaia naia c Ieaoiiiaith eiioeaioe??th, ca yeith
ethaeeia ? eiiieaeniei ii?aeiaiiyi aeooo, aeoo? ? o?ea. I?e /iio
Iaaeiaee aeoo — oea Ieaoiiiaa «?icoiia ia/aei» aeoo?.

Oaeei /eiii, cacia/eii, ui aieea Ieaoiia, ii?o/, c?icoi?ei, c
?oaea?ciii, ia i?ioean ca?iaeaeaiiy ? noaiiaeaiiy o?enoeyinueei?
aio?iiieia?? ? caaaeii o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy a?eueo i?ae
i/aaeaeiee. Ni?aaae? a o?enoeyinueeiio a/aii? i?enooi? ie?ai? aeaiaioe
?oaeaenueei? ?ae?a??, i?ioa aiie ianooue ia nia?, oae ae iiaeoe,
ciai?oith ooieoe?th, a aioo??oiy noi?iia ?ae?a?? aaco?oueny naia ia
o?einio?? Ieaoiia.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii

o ianooiieo ioae?eaoe?yo:

Iaaeaiei I.TH. O?enoeyinoai a na?oe? o?einionueeiai a/aiiy Ieaoiia. //
Oe?a?inueea ?ae?a??ciaanoai. -1996. — ?2. — N. 23-31.

Iaaeaiei I.TH. ?aeay noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoino? a eiioaeno? ?aiiueiai
o?enoeyinoaa. // Oe?a?inueea ?ae?a??ciaanoai. — 1997. — ?6. — N. 43-51.

Iaaeaiei I.TH. ?aeiaonueeee ne?ae o?enoeyinoaa. // Ethaeeia ? na?o. —
1997. — ?10. — N. 7-11.

Iaaeaiei I.TH. Iiaeyae ia o?enoeyinoai /a?ac i?ecio o?einio?? Ieaoiia.
// A?aeiiino?. — Eiiaeii (Aaeeea A?eoai?y). — 1998. — ?3. — N. 33-40.

Iaaeaiei I.TH. I?iaeaia nooiino? ?ae?a?? a na?oe? o?einio?? Ieaoiia. //
Oace anaoe?a?inueeiai eieiea?oio «Oaiiiai ?ae?a??». — E.: Oe?a?inueea
Anioe?aoe?y ?ae?a??ciaaoe?a — A?aeae?eaiiy ?ae?a??ciaanoaa ?inoeoooo
o?einio?? IAI Oe?a?ie, 1996. — N. 26.

A I I O A Oe ? ss

Iaaeaiei I.TH. Aieea o?einio?? Ieaoiia ia ca?iaeaeaiiy oa noaiiaeaiiy
o?enoeyinueei? aio?iiieia??.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai noaiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.11 — ?ae?a??ciaanoai.- ?inoeooo o?einio??
?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie (A?aeae?eaiiy ?ae?a??ciaanoaa), Ee?a,
1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi aeieeiaiiy oa noaiiaeaiiy
o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy, cie?aia oaeiai eiai aniaeoo a??ia/aiiy ye
o?enoeyinueea aio?iiieia?y. A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei
c’ynoaaiiy iaoai?cio ca?iaeaeaiiy a??ia/aiiy o?enoeyinueei? ?ae?a??,
ca?aeii c yeei i?ioean ca?iaeaeaiiy ? ioi?ieaiiy ?? a??ia/aiiy
a?aeaoaaany ia?aaaaeii i?ae aieeaii o?einio?? Ieaoiia. Oae, ?ice?eaath/e
ci?no ?ae?a?eii-o?einionueei? eiioeaioe?? a??ia/aiiy ?aiiueiai
o?enoeyinoaa ? anoaiiaethth/e ni?euei? ?ene Ieaoiiiai? o?einio?? ?
aieiaieo o?enoeyinueeeo a??iiia/aeueieo iieiaeaiue, ieaoii?ci
aecia/a?oueny ca aieiaia ?aeaeia i?aea?oioy noaiiaeaiiy o?enoeyinueei?
?ae?a??. Aoiinoa?ith ? aaia?ao?/iei i?noeai, ui neoaoaaei ca i?aiao??ia
i?aea?oioy iiyae o?enoeyinoaa, ye ?ae?a?eii? nenoaie, iinoaea
?oaeai-ieaenaiae??enueea ae?anii?a ?aeioo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aii? o?enoeyinoai, ?oaea?ci, ?oaeai-ieaenaiae??enueea
ae?anii?a, o?einio?y Ieaoiia, o?enoeyinueea aio?iiieia?y.

A I I I O A Oe E ss

Iaaeaiei I.TH. Aeeyiea oeeinioee Ieaoiia ia ca?iaeaeaiea e noaiiaeaiea
o?enoeaineie aio?iiieiaee.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.11 — ?aeeaeiaaaeaiea.- Einoeooo oeeinioee ei.
A.N.Neiai?iaeu IAI Oe?aeiu (Ioaeaeaiea ?aeeaeiaaaeaiey), Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai aicieeiiaaiey e noaiiaeaiey
o?enoeaineiai aa?io/aiey, a /anoiinoe oaeiai aai aniaeoa aa?io/aiey eae
o?enoeaineay aio?iiieiaey. A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioai iiaue iiaeoiae e
auyniaieth iaoaiecia ca?iaeaeaiey aa?io/aiey o?enoeaineie ?aeeaee,
niaeanii eioi?iio i?ioeann ca?iaeaeaiey e ioi?ieaiey aa aa?io/aiey
inouanoaeyeny i?aeiouanoaaiii iiae aeeyieai oeeinioee Ieaoiia. ?ane?uaay
niaea?aeaiea ?aeeaeicii-oeeinioneie eiioeaioeee aa?io/aiey ?aiiaai
o?enoeainoaa e onoaiaaeeaay iauea /a?ou Ieaoiiianeie oeeinioee e aeaaiuo
o?enoeaineeo aa?iiio/eoaeueiuo iieiaeaiee, ieaoiieci ii?aaeaeyaony eae
aeaaiay eaeaeiay iiaeii/aa noaiiaeaiey o?enoeaineie ?aeeaee. Aoiinoa?ie
e aaia?aoe/aneei ianoii, eioi?ia iineoaeeei i?aiaoa?eineie iiaeii/aie
iiyaeaiey o?enoeainoaa, eae ?aeeaeiciie nenoaiu, yaeeanue
eoaeai-aeaenaiae?eeneay aeeanii?a Aaeioa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aiiaa o?enoeainoai, eoaeaeci, eoaeai-aeaenaiae?eeneay
aeeanii?a, oeeinioey Ieaoiia, o?enoeaineay aio?iiieiaey.

S U M M A R Y

Pavlenko P.Yu. Influence of philosophy of Plato on origin and becoming
Christian anthropology.- Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate of philosophical sciences degree by speciality
09.00.11 — religious studies.- The G.S.Scovoroda Philosophy Institute of
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Department of Religious
Studies), Kyiv, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to questions of occurrence and becoming
Christian religious doctrine, in particular of such aspect it religious
doctrine as Christian anthropology. In the thesis the new approach to
find out the mechanism of Christian religious doctrine origin is
developed, according to which the process of its origin and registration
was implemented mainly under influence of Plato philosophy. Revealing
the contents of the religious and philosophical concepts of an early
Christians religious doctrine and setting up the common features of
Plato philosophy and of main Christian rules of faith, the author
determines platonism as a main ideological substratum of Christian
religion becoming. As an atmosphere and geographical place, which had
served as a primogenitor substratum of Christianity appearance as a
religious system was Judaic-Alexandria dispersion in Egypt.

Key words: an early Christianity, Judaism, Judaic-Alexandria dispersion,
Plato philosophy, Christian anthropology.

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