IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

EssOAIEI IA?EIA TH???AIA

OAeE 631.82:633.2:631.6 (833)

AIEEA AeIC, OI?I, NO?IE?A OA NIINIA?A

CANOINOAAIIss ACIOIEO AeIA?EA IA O?IAEAE

? ssE?NOUe I?NEssIEENII? NOAeAINUeEI? O?AAE

A OIIAAO C?IOAIIss I?AAeIss OE?A?IE

06.01.04 — aa?io?i?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii a ?inoeooo? c?iooaaiiai caiea?ianoaa OAAI

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

i?ioani? O?e?i’?a ?aai Aeaaeaeiae/

?inoeooo c?iooaaiiai caiea?ianoaa OAAI,

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo aa?io?i??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

i?ioani? Aeaaiaethe Aaeoa?ae A?eai?iae/, ?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI ,
caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii aa?io?i??.

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

Ie?oei Aiaoie?e Aiae??eiae/, ?inoeooo aa?iaeieia?? oa a?ioaoiieia??
OAAI, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee eaai?aoi??? iiaeaethaaiiy
aa?iaeieia?/ieo nenoai.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.Ae. Oeth?oie I?i?noa?noaa AIE, eaoaae?a caiea?ianoaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «25» ethoiai 1999 ?ieo

i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.004.04 a
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, Ee?a-41,
aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie, 15, IAO, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 3, aoaeeoi??y 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo: Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie, 11, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «25» n?/iy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A.O.Aaeaaaeei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue ?iaioe. Iaeiei ic aieiaieo caaaeaiue nieuenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa ia no/aniiio aoaii ? ?icaeoie oaa?eiieoeoaa, iiaeaeueoee
?ino yeiai iiaeeeaee eeoa i?e iayaiino? no?eei? ei?iiai? aace.

Inue /iio iaiaoiaeii oe?oa ai?iaaaeaeoaaoe ei?iiai eoeueoo?e, yei
oi?iothoue aeniei a?iaea? c aiinoii a eiaeiie ei?iiaie iaeeieoei aeniei?
eieueeinoi ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io, iacaiiiieo aiiiieeneio oa aioaiiiia.
Iaeia ic oaeeo eoeueoo? — noaeainueea o?aaa.

C aaaaoueio aa?ioaoi?/ieo i?eeii?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue
oa ye?noue ei?iiaeo eoeueoo?, iaea?eueo nooo?aeie (ii?yae c aieiaith oa
na?oeii) ? aeia?eaa. I?aaeeueia niiaaiaeiioaiiy iniiaieo aeaiaioia
aeeaeaiiy: acioo, oinoi?o oa eaeith iiaeaeuo? aoaeoeaiinoue aianaieo
aeia?ea. sse a?aeiii, a oiiaao c?ioaiiy ia?oi?yaeia ?ieue iaeaaeeoue
acioo. Oiio na?aae eiiieaeno caoiaeia aaaeeeaa iinoea caeia? aeai? oi?i
acioieo aeia?ea. I?ae i?neyoe?nio noaeainueeo o?aao oea ieoaiiy ua ia
aea/aee. Inue /iio iaie aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aee ii aea/aiith aieeao
aeic, oi?i, no?ie?a oa niinia?a aianaiiy acioieo aeia?ea ia a?iaeae oa
ye?noue oe??? eoeueoo?e.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, i?iaeoaie, oaiaie. Iaoeia?
?ic?iaee, ocaaaeueiai? a aeena?oaoe??, aoee neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
oaiieaio ?inoeoooo c?iooaaiiai caiea?ianoaa OAAI ? aeeiioaaeenue ca
aea?aeaaiith iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith “I?iaeiaieuenoai”, ? ae.?.
UAO 100 1259P.

Iaoa oa caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiue. Aeineiaeaeaiiy iaee nai?th iaoith
ioeiieoe aoaeoeaiinoue aianaiiy aeic acioieo aeia?ea ia oiii oinoi?o oa
eaeith, ?icieo oi?i, no?ieia oa niiniaia ?o canoinoaaiiy i?e ae?iuoaaii?
noaeainueei? o?aae a iineyoeinieo iiniaao ia c?iooaaieo caieyo iiaaeiy
Oe?a?ie; aecia/eoe i ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe iioeiaeueio aeico oa no?ie aianaiiy
iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea.

A caaea/o aeine?aeaeaiue aoiaeeei:

— anoaaiaeoe aieea iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia iiaeeaiee ?aaeei a?oioo oa
aeeaeaiiy ?ineei;

— aecia/eoe aeiin iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei ic a?oioo oa aeo?aoe iniiaieo
aeaiaioia aeeaeaiiy ia oi?ioaaiiy 1o a?iaeath i?e ?icieo no?ieao, oi?iao
oa aeicao canoinoaaiiy acioieo aeia?ea;

— ooi/ieoe aeeiaiieo ?inoo ?ineei, oi?ioaaiiy aneiieyoeieii? iiaa?oii oa
i?iaeoeoeaiinoi oioineioaco a caeaaeiinoi aiae iiaeeaiiai ?aaeeio
a?oioo;

— aecia/eoe iiaeieaii-ei?aiaai caeeoee oa ?ic?aooaaoe eieueeinoue
iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei, yei iaaeoiaeyoue a a?oio iiney cae?aiiy noaeainueei?
o?aae;

— aecia/eoe aieea aeia?ea ia a?iaeae ? eiai ye?noue;

— aeaoe aia?aiaeiiiii/io ioeiieo aeicai, oi?iai, no?ieai, oa niiniaai
aianaiiy acioieo aeia?ea i?e iineyoeiniiio ae?iuoaaiii noaeainueei?
o?aae a oiiaao c?ioaiiy iiaaeiy Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aia?oa a oiiaao c?ioaiiy iiaaeiy Oe?a?ie ia
oaiii-eaooaiiaiio na?aaeiueinoaeeieiaiio a?oioi aea/aee aoaeoeai?noue
aoaeaaiiiieieo nieae ye aeia?eaa iiae iineyoeinio noaeainueeo o?aao a
ii?iaiyiii c aiia/iith naeio?ith oa na/iaeiith. Anoaiiaeaii iioeiaeueio
aeico, no?iee oa niiniae aianaiiy acioieo aeia?ea iiae noaeainueeo o?aao
iineyoeiniiai iiniao.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue. ?aeiiaiaeiaaii ae?iaieoeoao iioeiaeuei? aeice,
niiniae oa no?iee aianaiiy acioieo aeia?ea iiae iineyoeinio noaeainueeo
o?aao a oiiaao c?ioaiiy iiaaeiy Oe?a?ie.

Ae?iaie/o ia?aai?eo ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiue i?iaaaeaii a 1997 ?. a
ENI ii. Ai?nueeiai Neaaeianueeiai ?aeiio Oa?niinueei? iaeanoi.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A?aea aaciina?aaeith o/anoue o caeeaaeaii?
iieueiaeo aeine?ae?a, i?iaaaeaii? a?iiao?e/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue,
aeeiioaaea eaai?aoi?i? oa aiae?oe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ocaaaeueieea
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? ? aeeiiaea ?o iaoaiaoe/iee aiae?c.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? aeine?aeii? noaioe??
(i. Iaeana, 1996) oa Oiainueei? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? aeaaeai?? (i.
Oiaiue, 1998), ia can?aeaiiyo iaoiaee/ii? eii?n?? ?inoeoooo c?iooaaiiai
caiea?ianoaa OAAI (1995-1997 ??).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe iioae?eiaaii o 4 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo. ?c ieo 3 noaoo? a oaiaoe/ieo
ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 1 — a oacao.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c 6-oe ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ae?iaieoeoao, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (
185 iaca, a oiio /ene? 8 ?iicaiieie iiaaie), aeiaeaoe?a (16 oaaeeoeue).
Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe 128 noi?., a oiio /ene? iniiaiee ci?no ia 97
noi?, a iueiio — 42 oaaeeoe?, 6 ?enoie?a, 2 oioici?iee.

OIIAE OA IAOIAeE I?IAAAeAIIss AeINEIAeAEAIUe

A?oioiai-eeiiaoe/ii oiiae. Aenia?eiaioaeueia ainiiaea?noai Iinoeoooo
c?iooaaiiai caiea?ianoaa, ia aeineiaeiiio iiei yeiai aoee i?iaaaeaii
iieueiai aeineiaee, ?icoaoiaaia a iiaaeaiiiio noaio Oe?a?ie.

A?oio oaiii-eaooaiiaee na?aaeiueinoaeeieiaee neaaeinieiioethaaoee c
ai?noii a i?iiio oa?? 2.09% aoiono, ?I aiaeii? aeoyaeee 7.0-7.2;
u?euei?noue ceiaeaiiy 1.42 a/ni3, iaeiaioa aieiai?ii?noue a 0-100 ni
oa?? 21.6%. Ai?no iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei o 0-30 ni oa?? a?oioo noaiiaea:
i?o?ao?a — 14.7; ?ooiiiai oinoi?o — 17.9; iai?iiiai eae?th — 303 ia/ea
a?oioo.

Oa?aeoa?iei aeey ciie iiaaeiy Oe?a?ie ? iaea eieueeinoue iiaaeia,
iecueea aiaeiinia aieiainoue iiaio?y, /anoi nooiai?, oaiea iniiue oa
ceia, a oaeiae o?eaaeee aacii?iciee ia?iiae. Na?aaeiuei?i/ia oaiia?aoo?a
iiaio?y eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao 9.7-11.7, a iaeaieueo aea?eiai iinyoey —
eeiiy 22.6-24.0 0N. Aacii?iciee ia?iiae i?iaeiaaeo?oueny a ciii
Iiaoeaoeueei? c?iooaaeueii? nenoaie 170-180 aeiia, a E?aniiciai’yinueeie
— 185-200 aeiia. Oea aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe i?neyaeieaii oa iineyoeinii
iin?ae.

Iao? aeineiaee a on? ?iee caeeaaeaeenue o /a?aii. Ia?iiae aaaaoaoei?
noaeainueei? o?aae a 1995 oa 1996 ??. oa?aeoa?ecoaaany aea?eith oa
nooith iiaiaeith, oiaei ye a 1997, iaaiaee, aoa ia?aaaaeii i?ioieiaeiei
c aaeeeith eieueeinoth iiaaeia. Ca ia?iiae aaaaoaoei? noaeainueei? o?aae
aeiaei iiaaeia a 1995 ?ioei — 150.9, a 1996 — 161.5; a 1997 — 348.9 ii.

Iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiue. Iieueiai aeineiaee i?iaiaeeee ia
i?ioyci 1995-1997 ?.?. Noaia aeine?aeo ii aea/aiith ??cieo aeic oa
no?ie?a aianaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea i?aaenoaaeaia a oaaeeoe? 3.
Iiaoi?aiiy aeineiaeo /ioe?e?aciaa, iiniaia ieiua aeieyiie 80 i2 (4×20).
Aea/aiiy ??cieo oi?i oa niinia?a canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea i?ae noaeainueeo
o?aao i?iaiaeeee ca noaiith, i?aaenoaaeaiith a oaaeeoe? 4. Iiaoi?aiiy
aeineiaeo o?e?aciaa. Iiniaia ieiua aeieyiie i?e aianaiii aeia?ea
a?iceeae 80i2 , i?e aianaiii c iieeaiith aiaeith — 160i2.

Aiaeice a?oioo i?iaiaeeee ca oaeeie iaoiaeeeaie: iio?aoiee acio — ca
A?aiaeaaeue-Eyaeai; ?ooiiee oinoi? a 1% aoaeaoeaaiaiiiieiie aeoyaeoei ca
Ia/eaiiei. A oeie aea aeoyaeoei aecia/aee iaiiiiee eaeie ca aeiiiiiaith
iieoiaiaaiai oioiiao?o. Aiino aoiono — ca Oth?iiei. Iaeie aieiae a
a?oioi aecia/aee aaaiaei iaoiaeii.

Ia i?ioyci aaaaoaoei? i?iaiaeeee niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ?inoii oa ?icaeoeii
?ineei. A iniiaieo aa?iaioao aeaio ianoiiaeieo iiaoi?aiue ia 20 ?ineeiao
noaeainueei? o?aae aecia/aee aenioo ?ineei, ieiuo eenoy, /enoo
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue oioineioaco.

A c?aceao ?ineei aecia/aee caaaeueiee acio (ca E’?eueaeaeai), oinoi?
(aa?iaio Ia?oi-?aeei) c aeei?enoaiiyi anei?aiiiai? eeneioe, eaeith (ia
iieoiaiaaiio oioiiao?i), iiaiee ciioaoii/iee aiaeic caeaii? iane ca
iaoiaeeeith, yeo iienaii Iaoooiaith A.A., Aana?aaiaith ?.O. oa iio.
(1981), o?aeoe?eiee neeaae a?eeo ca ??iaeiaei.

Iaeie iane ei?ai?a i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeii iiiieioo a 0-30 ni oa?i o aeaio
ianoiiaeieo iiaoi?aiiyo iiney cae?aiiy a?iaeath c aeiiiiiaith ?aiee
?icii?ii 0.25i2. Iae?e iiaeieaieo caeeoeia i?iaiaeeee aaaiaei iaoiaeii
ia oeeo aea aeieyieao.

A?iaeae caeaii? iane noaeainueei? o?aae a?aoiaoaaee aaaiaei iaoiaeii c
iaeieiai? ieiui 10i2, iiaoi?i?noue /ioe?e?aciaa. Aeaii a?iaeath
iiaeeyaaee noaoenoe/iiio aiae?co aeeiiaiiai aeenia?nieiei iaoiaeii
(Aeini?oia A.A., 1972).

Aa?ioaoiiea i?iaaaeaiiy aeineiaeia. Noaeainueeo o?aao ae?iuoaaee iiney
o?aainoiioee (y/iiiue+?iiae) ia caeaiee ei?i. Iiney ?? cae?aiiy
canoiniaoaaee (caiaeii noaie aeineiaeia) iiia?aeueii aeia?eaa.

Ia?aaeiiniaiee iieea i?iaiaeeee aeiuoaaeueiei aa?aaaoii AeAeA-100IA
(iieeaia ii?ia 500 i3/aa).

Niyee noaeainueeo o?aao niaaeeith NCN-2,1 a ae?oaie aeaeaaei /a?aiy.
Ii?ia aeniao 30 ea/aa, ni?o na?aaeiueinoeaeee — “*i?iiii?ea”.

Ca ia?iiae aaaaoaoei? noaeainueei? o?aae a 1995 ?ioei i?iaaaeaii aeaa
iieeae c?iooaaeueiith ii?iith 1000 i3/aa, a 1996 — o?e iieeae ii?iith
1500 i3/aa, a a 1997 ?ioei iaeei ii?iith 500 i3/aa.

A aeineiaeao aeei?enoiaoaaee aiia/io naeio?o (a a) — N 34.5%, na/iaeio
(N) — N46%, aoaeaaiiiieio nieue (a.a.n.) — N 17% i CO2 50%, aiioin
-P2O5 40% i N 10%, eaeieio nieue (e.n.) — K2O 40%.

Ia?oee oein caeaii? iane noaeainueei? o?aae i?iaiaeeee a ae?oaie
aeaeaaei na?iiy, ae?oaee oein — a o?aoie aeaeaaei aa?aniy,
iiaeieyii/ii, a?o/io.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aieea i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia iiaeeaiee ?aaeei a?oioo

A na?aaeiueiio ca o?e ?iee caaacia/ai?noue a?oioo i?o?aoaie aoea
iecueeith. Aianaiiy aeia?ea cia/ii i?aeaeueei ??aaiue i?o?aoiiai acioo:
N60P60K45 i?ae iniiaiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo a 2.3; N120P60K45 a 2.9 a
ipiiio, oa aiaeiiaiaeii a 1.9 oa 2.6 paca a 0-50 oapi apoioo (oaae. 1.).

Ai?no i?o?ao?a ciaiooaaany a?ae n?aae aei cae?aiiy noaeainueei? o?aae a
iane?aeie aeei?enoaiiy eiai ?ineeiaie ia oi?ioaaiiy caeaii? iane. E??i
oiai, a ia??iae caieiaeaiiy a?oioo i?ae /an iieea?a a?aeaoaathoueny
ao?aoe acioo a ?acoeueoao? aeai?o?eo?eaoe??, a oaeiae ?ioaineaiiai
ia?ai?uaiiy i?o?ao?a ii i?io?eth a?oioo c ieco?aeiei oa aeno?aeiei oieii
aieiae.

Ai?a/ia nae?o?a a?eueoa, i?ae na/iaeia ? aoaeaaiii?ei? nie?,
i?aeaeuoaaea ai?no i?o?ao?a o a?oio?. I?e aianaii? aeia?ea a?iceeae a
0-30 ni oa?? a?oioo i?o?ao?a aoei a 2.6 ?ace a?eueoa, i?ae a eiio?ie?, a
1.2 — aa??aioo c na/iaeiith oa a 1.3 ?ace — aoaeaaiii?eiith n?eeth.

Oaaeeoey 1 — Aieea i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia ai?no i?o?ao?a a a?oio?

(1995-1997 ??), ia/ea

Ia??iae oa? A A ? ? A I O

?icaeoeo a?oioo, Aac aeia?ea N60P60* N60K45* N60P60K45* N120P60K45*

?ineei ni (eiio?ieue)

0-30 14.7 36.3 35.9 34.0 42.3

30-50 9.5 13.5 14.1 10.6 19.8

Noiaee 0-50 12.6 27.2 27.2 24.7 33.3

50-70 7.4 13.3 13.4 13.3 15.4

70-100 15.3 18.7 18.1 16.4 19.1

0-100 12.4 20.2 21.6 19.9 25.5

0-30 5.7 10.0 7.8 7.7 10.8

i?ney 30-50 4.9 3.7 3.7 6.9 9.5

ia?oiai 0-50 5.4 7.5 7.1 7.4 10.3

oeino 50-70 5.2 7.4 4.2 6.8 7.0

70-100 8.5 11.5 9.9 9.7 13.4

0-100 7.9 8.7 5.2 7.9 10.5

* — aeia?eaa aiineee i?ae iniiaiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo.

Iao? aeine?aee iieacaee, ui a napaaeiueiio ca ope piee, aiino ?ooiiiai
oinoi?o a 0-30 ni oapi apoioo a iapiiae noiaeia noaeainueei? o?aae i?e
aianaii? N60?60 i?aeaeuoaaany i?ioe eiiopieth aac aeia?ea ia 7.7 ia,
N60?60E45 ia 8.6 ia oa N120?60E45 — ia 8.1 ia/ea apoioo.

A iaoeo aeineiaeao aiaeii/aii caieueoaiiy pooiiiai oinoipo a apoioi aiae
canoinoaaiiy acioieo aeiapea aiane?aeie aeoea?caoe?? i?ioean?a
i?o?eo?eaoe??. Ani acioii aeiapeaa, ye? aea/aee: aiia/ia naeiopa,
na/iaeia, aoaeaaiiiiei? nie? iiceoeaii aieeaaee ia oeae iieaciee, iaeiae
?o aoaeoeaiinoue aoea iaiaeiaeiaith. Aoaeaaiiiieii niei a a?eueo?e i???
nipeyee iiaeaeuaiith ?2I5 a i?iiio oapi apoioo. Oea iia’ycaii c oei, ui
aiie caaaa/othoue a?oioiaee ?ic/ei aoaeaoeaaith eeneioith ?
aea?eueiythoue ia?ic/eii? oi?ie nieae oinoi?o. Oae, a na?aaeiueiio ca
o?e ?iee a ia??iae noiae?a a 0-30 ni oa?? a?oioo i?noeeinue ?ooiiiai
oinoi?o a aa??aio? c canoinoaaiiyi ai?a/ii? nae?o?e 29.0; na/iaeie 28.3
? aoaeaaiii?eii? nie? 32.9; a a eiio?ie? 25.4 ia/ea.

Eae?ei? aeia?eaa, aianai? i?ae ia?aaeiin?aiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo, aieeioee
ia ai?no iai?iiiai eae?th eeoa a 0-30 ni oa?? a?oioo. Aei e?ioey
aaaaoaoe?? noaeainueei? o?aae ai?no iai?iiiai eae?th a iueiio
ciaiooaaany. Oae, eiai aoei iaioa a a?oio?, yeee ia oaeia?thaaany ia
18.5%. Aianaiiy acioieo aeia?ea ia iicia/eeinue ia ai?no? iai?iiiai
eae?th a a?oio?.

??no ? ?icaeoie noaeainueei? o?aae a caeaaeiino?

a?ae i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea

Aeeiai?ea iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy caeaii? iane noaeainueeith o?aaith.
?acoeueoaoe iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui a on?o aa??aioao c
aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea i?e??no caeaii? iane aeyaeany aeuei
a?ae eiio?ieth aac aeia?ea a on? oace ?icaeoeo ?ineei. Iaeneiaeueiei a?i
aoa a ia??iae aeeeaeaiiy aieioae ia aa??aio? N150P60K45 (6.3 ni/aeia).

I?e??no aaaaoaoeaii? iane i?e canoinoaaii? ai?a/ii? nae?o?e ?
aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae aeyaeany i?aeoe/ii iaeeiaeiaei. A ia??iae
o?oaeoaaiiy a?i aoa aeaui a?eueoei i?e aeei?enoaii? ai?a/ii? nae?o?e, a
a ia??iae aeeeaeaiiy aieioae — aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae.

Iaeenoyi?noue noaeainueei? o?aae. Ieiua anei?eyoe?eii? iiaa?oi? oa
/enoa i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco. Iao? aeine?aee iieacaee, ui a
caeaaeiino? a?ae canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ci?iththoueny
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eenoiai? oa noaaeaai? iane o?iaeath. Oae, yeui
e?euee?noue eenoy a eiio?ie? (aac aeia?ea) neeaea a ia?oiio oein? 27.8
oa a ae?oaiio 37.6%, oi i?e aianaii? N90P60K45 i?ae iniiaiee ia?ia?oie
a?oioo ? i?aeaeeaeaii? acioii N60 iaea?aeaee a?aeiia?aeii 42.1 oa 46.3%.

On? acioi? aeia?eaa, ye? aea/aee a iaoeo aeine?aeao, iiceoeaii aieeaaee
ia iaeenoyi?noue ?ineei. I?e oeueiio aoaeoeai?noue aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae
aoea aeaui aeuith ii??aiyii c ai?a/iith nae?o?ith.

Aeia?eaa ?acii c iieeaaie noeioeththoue oi?ioaaiiy eenoy ? ca?eueoothoue
ieiuo ?o iiaa?oi?. I?ae ae??th aeia?ea cia/ii i?aeaeuoaaeanue ieiua
eenoy ? aoea iaeaeuith ii an?o oacao ?icaeoeo ?ineei i?e aianaii?
N150?60E45 i?ae iniiaiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo. Oae, o oaco aeeeaeaiiy
aieioae aiia neeaea 51.4 oen i2/aa, ui ia 54.8% aeua i?ae aac
canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea, oa ia 23.9% ? ia 11.5% i?e aianaii? a?aeiia?aeii
N60?60E45 oa N90?60E45 (oaae.2).

Oaaeeoey 2 — ?ici?? eenoiai? iiaa?oi? oa /enoa i?iaeoeoeai?noue
oioineioaco o noaeainueei? o?aae a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea (1995-1997 ??)

Aa??aioe Ieiua anei?eyoe?eii? iiaa?oi?, oen i2/aa *enoa i?iaeoeoeai?noue
oioineioaco, a/i2 aeia.

Eou?iiy o?oaeo-aaiiy ii/aoie aeeeaeaiiy aieioae eou?iiy-

o?oaeo-

aaiiy o?oaeoaaiiy- ii/aoie aeeeaeaiiy aieioae

Aac aeia?ea 5,1 23,3 33,2 4,1 4,0

N60P60K45 * 10,5 27,7 41,5 5,7 5,3

N90P60K45 * 12,4 28,4 46,1 6,2 5,8

N150P60K45 * 14,1 36,4 51,4 4,7 4,3

* — aeia?eaa aiineee i?ae iniiaiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo.

I?e aeei?enoaii? ai?a/ii? nae?o?e oa aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae a?iceeae,
a?eueo ?ioaineaii iaa?iiaaeaeoaaeanue ieiua eenoy o ?ineei, ae?iuaieo ia
oii? ai?a/ii? nae?o?e, a i?e aianaii? aeia?ea c iieeaiith aiaeith,
iaaiaee, aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae. ?ici?? eenoy c?inoaa ii oacao ?icaeoeo
?ineei ? ia ii/aoeo aeeeaeaiiy aieioae neeaa aac aeia?ea 33.2; c
aianaiiyi a?iceeae ai?a/ii? nae?o?e (N60) — 52.0; a aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae
— (N60) — 51.0 oen i2/aa. I?e canoinoaaii? aeia?ea c iieeaiith aiaeith
ieiua anei?eyoe?eii? iiaa?oi? ?ineei noaeainueei? o?aae aei ia??iaeo
aeeeaeaiiy aieioae a iaio oeeo aa??aioao aoea iaeiaeiaith — 52.0 oen
i2/aa.

*enoa i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco noaeainueei? o?aae ca?eueooaaeanue c
i?aeaeuaiiyi aeic acioieo aeia?ea. Iaeneiaeueiith aiia aoea i?e aianaii?
N90P60K45 ? a oaco a?ae eou?iiy aei o?oaeoaaiiy noaiiaeea 6.2 a/i2
aeia., ui ia 51,2% aeua i?ae aac aianaiiy aeia?ea. I?e canoinoaaii?
ai?a/ii? nae?o?e /enoa i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco aoea a?eueoith, i?ae
i?e aeei?enoaii? aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae, a ia??iae aei aeoiaeo ?ineei a
o?oaeo ia 12,1; a ia??iae aei aeeeaeaiiy aieio? — ia 11,1%.

Ai?no acioo, oinoi?o oa eae?th a ?ineeiao. Anoaiiaeaii, ui acioi?
aeia?eaa, aianai? ia oii? oinoi?o oa eae?th (?60E45) ni?eyee
i?aeaeuaiith a ?ineeiao ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai oeino e?eueeino? acioo ?
oinoi?o. Ai?no eae?th a?ae acioieo aeia?ea i?aeoe/ii ia ci?ithaaany.
Oaea caeiiii??i?noue iaeiie/aiiy i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei a ?ineeiao
niinoa??aaeanue ye i?e aeei?enoaii? ai?a/ii? nae?o?e, oae ?
aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae. Iaeiae aoaeaaiii?ei? nie? aeaui a a?eueo?e i???
ni?eyee ca?eueoaiith a ?ineeiao oinoi?o. I/aaeaeii oea iiynith?oueny
iaai?noth o neeaae? AAN ae?ieneaea aoaeaoeth (50%), yeee caaaa/o?
a?oioiaee ?ic/ei aoaeaoeaaith eeneioith ? aea?eueiy? ia?ic/eii? oi?ie
nieae oinoi?o, oei naiei iie?iooth/e oinoi?ia aeeaeaiiy ?ineei.

Aeiin iniiaieo aeaiaio?a aeeaeaiiy c a?iaea?i noaeainueei? o?aae oa
aeo?aoe ?o ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe??. Iaoaeia?aia noaeainueea o?aaa
i?neyoe?niiai iin?ao a iaoeo aeine?aeao aeiineea c a?oioo 85.6 — 98.9
ea/aa acioo, 19.5-22.3 ea oinoi?o oa 108.2-118.5 ea eae?th. I?e aianaii?
i?ae iniiaiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo N60P60K45 aeiin acioo, oinoi?o oa eae?th
?ineeiaie ca?eueooaaany ? neeaa a?aeiia?aeii 150.1; 32.1 oa 153.2; a i?e
iiae??aiaiiio aianaii? N120P60K45: acioo — 180.4; oinoi?o 37.6; eae?th
184.2 ea/aa.

Iaea?eueoee aeiin acioo oa oinoi?o noaeainueeith o?aaith niinoa??aaee
i?e aeei?enoaii? aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae. I?e aianaii? ?o a?iceeae aeiin
acioo aoa ia 23.4, a oinoi?o ia 32.3% aeua i?ae ?ineeiaie aac aeia?ea oa
a?aeiia?aeii ia 1.6 ? 13.0% aa??aioo c canoinoaaiiyi ai?a/ii? nae?o?e.

C i?aeaeuaiiyi aeice acioo ia oii? oinoi?o oa eae?th (P60K45) aeo?aoe
acioo oa oinoi?o ?ineeiaie ca?eueooaaeenue. I?e aianaii? N150P60K45
i?ae iniiaiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo ia oi?ioaaiiy 1o nooi? ?a/iaeie
noaeainueea o?aaa aeo?aoeea 24.3 ea acioo oa 4.7 ea oinoi?o, a ?ineeie
aac aeia?ea eeoa 19.2 oa 4.4 a?aeiia?aeii. Niiaeeaaiiy eae?th i?e
oeueiio i?aeoe/ii ia ci?ithaaeinue.

Ai?a/ia nae?o?a oa aoaeaaiii?ei? nie? aianai? a?iceeae iaeeiaeiai
aieeioee ia aeo?aoe acioo ?ineeiaie, ca?eueooth/e eiai e?euee?noue a
ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai aac aeia?ea a?aeiia?aeii ia 1.2 oa 1.1 ea ia 1 o
nooi? ?a/iaeie, aai 6.3 oa 5.8%.

Iiaeieaii-ei?aiaa? caeeoee noaeainueei? o?aae a aaeain? iiaeeaieo
?a/iaei. Iniiaio /anoeo i?neyaeieaieo caeeoe?a neeaaea? ei?aiaaa
nenoaia. I?ney cae?aiiy noaeainueei? o?aae a a?oio? caeeoa?oueny
21.6-38,9 oe/aa aaniethoii nooiai ei??iiy, iana yeiai aoea a?eueoith i?e
aianaii? i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea.

Iana noaaae a oaeia?aieo ?ineeiao c?inoaea ?c i?aeaeuaiiyi aeice acioo.
O?i?/iee neeaae ?o aoa oaeiae aaaaooei a aa??aioao c aeei?enoaiiyi
acioieo, oinoi?ieo oa eae?eieo aeia?ea.

sse iieacothoue ?ic?aooiee, /anoea iiaa?iaiiy iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei
caeaaeeoue a?ae e?eueeino? ?ineeiieo caeeoe?a, ye? iaae?eoee a a?oio oa
?o o?i?/iiai neeaaeo. Iaeneiaeueiee a?aenioie iiaa?iaiiy ?o aeyaeany i?e
aianaii? N90P60K45 i?ae iniiaiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo oa N30 i?ney I-ai
oeino ? neeaa 27,9% acioo, 88% oinoi?o oa 25,1% eae?th, oiae? ye aac
canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea a?aeiia?aeii 22.3; 69.7; 17.7.

Opiaeae oa yeinoue caeaii? iane noaeainueei? opaae a caeaaeiinoi aiae
iiiapaeueieo aeiapea

Opiaeae noaeainueei? opaae. Aeai? iae?eo a?iaeath noaeainueei? o?aae
iieacothoue, ui c iiaeaeuaiiyi aeice acioo caieueooaaany ? apiaeae
caeaii? iane. Iaeneiaeueiei aii aoa ipe iiaepiaiaiiio
aianaiii N150P60K45 (N90P60K45 iiae iniiaiee iapiaioie apoioo oa N60
iiney iapoiai oeino) i neeaa ca aeaa oeine 394 oe/aa, ui ia 169 oe/aa
(75 %) aieueoa i?ae aac canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea. I?e aianaii? iiae??aiaii
N120 a?iaeae aoa aeaui ieae/ei, aea ??cieoey ciaoiaeeeanue a iaaeao
iiieeee aeine?aeo (oaae. 3).

Aenieee apiaeae caeaii? iane iaeapaeaii i ipe iaeiipaciaiio aianaiii
N120 oa N150 ia oiii oinoipieo oa eaeieieo aeia?ea (P60K45) iiae
iniiaiee iapiaioie apoioo i ianooo?ai iinooiaany iiaepiaiaiiio
aianaiith oeeo aeic aeiapea.

Ani oipie acioieo aeiapea, ye? aea/aee a aeineiaeao, nipeyee
iiaeaeuaiith apiaeath noaeainueei? opaae.

A napaaeiueiio ca ope piee aianaiiy apiceeae aiia/ii? naeiope (N60) iiae
noaeainueeo opaao ca aeaa oeine caaacia/eei iaeapaeaiiy 285 oe/aa
caeaii? iane, na/iaeie oa aoaeaaiiiieii? nie? (N60) — 269 ? 270 oe/aa.
Oea aiaeiiaiaeii ia 28 oa 21% aeua eiiopieth aac aeia?ea.

Oaaeeoey 3 — A?iaeae caeaii? iane i?neyoe?nii? noaeainueei? o?aae a
caeaaeiino? a?ae i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, (1995-1997 ??.), oe/aa

O?iaeaei?noue I?e??no

a?iaeath

AA??AIOE 1995?. 1996?. 1997?. na?aaei? oe/aa %

ca 3 ?iee

Aac aeia?ea 167 224 285 225 — —

N60P60 i?ae iniiaiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo 196 297 403 299 73 33

N60K45 -“”- 191 305 388 295 70 31

N60P60K45 -“”- 201 311 419 310 85 38

N90P60K45 -“”- 199 417 422 346 121 54

N120P60K45 -“”- 209 461 467 379 154 68

N150P60K45 -“”- 209 461 495 388 163 72

N60P60K45 -“”- + N30 i?ney ? oeino 205 415 483 368 142 64

N90P60K45 -“”- + N30 i?ney ? oeino 213 421 482 372 146 65

N90P60K45 -“”- + N60 i?ney ? oeino 212 462 509 394 169 75

HiP05 14.8 23.3 25.9

Ipe canoinoaaiii acioieo aeiapea c iieeaiith aiaeith aiie caaacia/othoue
iaeapaeaiiy aieueo aenieiai apiaeath caeaii? iane, iiae ipe aianaiii ?o
apiceeae o aapiaioi c aiia/iith naeiopith ia 13, na/iaeiith — ia 15 i c
aoaeaaiiiieieie nieyie — ia 10%. (oaae. 4.).

?acii c i?aeaeuaiiyi apiaeath caeaii? iane noaeainueei? opaae a
caeaaeiinoi aiae iiiapaeueieo aeiapea cpinoaa i caip nooi? iane pineei.
Oae, i?e aianaii? N60P60K45 iaeiipaciai aoei iaeapaeaii 67.2 oe/aa, a
N150P60K45 — 77.7 oe/aa, oiaei ye aac aeia?ea eeoa 44.5 oe/aa nooi?
pa/iaeie.

sseinoue caeaii? iane. I?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa iie?auothoue ye?noue
a?iaeath noaeainueei? o?aae. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aeice acioo ia oii? oinoi?o
oa eae?th i?aeaeuoaaany ai?no a ?ineeiao ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io oa
ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue. I?e aianaii? N90P60K45 ?o e?euee?noue aoea ia 33.9
oa 16.4% aeua i?ae aac canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea.

Oaaeeoey 4 — Aieea acioieo aeia?ea oa niinia?a ?o aianaiiy ia a?iaeae
noaeainueei? o?aae (1995-1997 ??.), oe/aa

AA??AIOE O?iaeaei?noue I?e??no a?iaeath

1995?. 1996?. 1997?. na?aaei?

ca 3 ?iee oe/aa %

Aac aeia?ea 190 174 305 223 — —

N60 a.a. a?iceeae 217 299 338 285 62 28

N60 na/iaeia a?iceeae 208 269 331 269 46 21

N60 a.a.n. a?iceeae 221 231 357 270 47 21

N60 a.a. c aiaeith 218 335 412 322 99 44

N60 na/iaeia c aiaeith 219 318 392 310 87 39

N60 a.a.n. c aiaeith 224 283 388 298 75 34

N60 a.a. a?iceeae + N30 a.a. c aiaeith i?ney ? oeino 220 288 483 330 107
48

N60 a.a. a?iceeae + N30 a.a.n. c aiaeith i?ney ? oeino 227 282 380 296
73 33

HiP05 15.2 9.8 15.6

Ai?a/ia nae?o?a oa aoaeaaiii?ei? nie? i?aeoe/ii iaeeiaeiai aieeioee ia
ye?noue noaeainueei? o?aae, aea ai?no ne?iai i?ioa?io, aeueaoi?i?a oa
aeiaoe?i?a aoa a?eueoei i?e canoinoaaii? ai?a/ii? nae?o?e, i?ae
aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae.

Aeiiii?/iEE ? aia?aaoe/iEE AIAE?C CANOINOAAiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea

Iin?a noaeainueei? o?aae ia oii? N120P60K45, aianaieo iaeii?aciai i?ae
ia?aaeiin?aiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo, caaacia/ea a na?aaeiueiio ca ?iee
aeine?aeaeaiue iaeneiaeueiee /enoee i?eaooie ia ??ai? 146.2 a?i/aa. I?e
canoinoaaii? N90P60K45 oa iiae??aiaii N120P60K45 a?i aoa i?aeoe/ii
iaeeiaeiaei.

Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo oi?i acioieo aeia?ea iieacaea, ui
iaea?eueo aea?aeiith ?c ieo aoea ai?a/ia nae?o?a aianaia ye a?iceeae,
oae ? c iieeaiith aiaeith. Nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe caeaii? iane i?e
canoinoaaii? ?? a?iceeae neeaea 1.59 a?i., a i?e aianaii? c iieeaiith
aiaeith — 1.43 a?i. I?e aeei?enoaii? ae aoaeaaiii?eii? nie? iaea?aeaee
a?aeiia?aeii 1.85 oa 1.69 a?i.

Caaaeyee i?aeaeuaiith apiaeath aiae aianaieo aeiapea, caieueoeany
ipeoiae aiapa?? c 74.10 a eiiopiei aei 82.82 oen. IAeae ipe aianaiii
N120P60K45 ? a e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao? ia?ae?ea aeiaeaoeia? aeo?aoe
noeoiii? aia?a??, coiiaeaii? aianaiiyi aeia?ea.

?icpaooiee aiapaaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiinoi aepiuoaaiiy noaeainueei? opaae ia
oiii picieo oipi acioieo aeiapea iieacaee, ui ipe canoinoaaiii aeiapea
apiceeae ipepino aiapai? aoa iaeaeuei ipe aianaiii aiia/ii? naeiope
(59,56 oen. IAeae), a aiapai?iiinoue 1 oe caeaii? iane ii aa??aioao
aoea iaeiaeiaith — 0.12 oen. IAeae.

Aeopaoe aiapai? ia iaeeieoeth ipiaeoeoei? ciaioothoueny ipe
canoinoaaiii aeiapea c iieeaiith aiaeith ye i?e aianaii? aoaeaaiii?eieo
nieae, oae ? ai?a/ii? nae?o?e; iaeiaioeie aiie aoee i?e aeei?enoaii?
inoaiiuei?.

AENIIAEE

Ai?a/ia nae?o?a a a?eueo?e i???, i?ae na/iaeia ? aoaeaaiii?ei? nie?,
i?aeaeuo? ai?no i?o?ao?a a a?oio? i?e aianaii? aeia?eaa a?iceeae i?ae
ia?aaeiin?aiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo a aeic? N60. I?e canoinoaaii? ai?a/ii?
nae?o?e ? aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae c iieeaiith aiaeith a i?aeaeeaeaiiy
noaeainueei? o?aae i?ney ia?oiai oeino e?euee?noue i?o?ao?a a a?oio?
oeeo aa??aio?a aoea iaeiaeiaith. Iaeneiaeueiee ai?no ?o a a?oio? aoa i?e
aianaii? N120P60K45 ? noaiiaea a ia??iae noiae?a oe??? eoeueoo?e a 0-50
ni oa?? a?oioo 33.3 ia/ea, ui a 2.6 ?ace a?eueoa, i?ae aac aeia?ea.

Oinoi?i? aeia?eaa (?60) ca?eueoothoue ai?no ?ooiieo oinoao?a a i?iiio
oa?? a?oioo a ia??iae noiae?a noaeainueei? o?aae a ii??aiyii? ?c
e?euee?noth eiai a a?oio? aac aeia?ea ia 43.6%.

Iaeenoyi?noue noaeainueei? o?aae caeaaeeoue a?ae aeic acioiiai aeia?eaa.
I?e aianaii? N60 ia oinoi?ii-eae?eiiio oii? (P60K45) a ia?oiio oein? a
ii??aiyii? c iaoaeia?aieie ?ineeiaie aiia aoea a?eueoith ia 37.8, N90 —
ia 50.7 ? N150 — 53.2 a?aeiinieo a?aenioea. Oiaoi ca?eueoaiiy aeice
acioiiai aeia?eaa ?c N90 aei N150 i?aeoe/ii ia iicia/eeinue ia oeueiio
iieacieeia?. Ai?a/ia nae?o?a ? aoaeaaiii?ei? nie? a iaeiaeia?e i???
aieeaaee ia iaeenoyi?noue.

I?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa iiceoeaii aieeaaee ia anei?eyoe?eio iiaa?oith
noaeainueei? o?aae. Iaeneiaeueiiai ?ici??o aiia aeinyaea ia oii?
N150P60K45 ? aoea a?eueoith, i?ae a iaoaeia?aieo ?ineei a ia??iae
eou?iiy a 2.8, o?oaeoaaiiy ? ia ii/aoeo aeeeaeaiiy aieio? a 1.6 ?ace, a
i?e aianaii? N90P60K45 a?aeiia?aeii a 2.4; 1.2 oa 1.4 ?ace. Oiaoi
??cieoey i?ae oeeie aa??aioaie aoea iacia/iith.

*enoa i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco i?e aianaii? ai?a/ii? nae?o?e aoea
a?eueoith, i?ae i?e aeei?enoaii? aoaeaaiii?eii? nie? a ia??iae aeoiaeo
?ineei a o?oaeo ia 12.1, a ia ii/aoeo aeeeaeaiiy aieioae — ia 11.1%.

?c ca?eueoaiiyi aeice acioiiai aeia?eaa c 60 aei 150 ea ae.?. ia oii?
P60K45 ai?no caaaeueiiai acioo a ?ineeiao i?aeaeuo?oueny a ii??aiyii? c
eiio?ieai, i?e aianaii? N60 — ia 18.5, N90 — 20.6 ? N150 — ia 26.1%.
Ai?a/ia nae?o?a ? aoaeaaiii?ei? nie? a iaeiaeia?e i??? aieeaaee ia oeae
iieaciee.

I?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa iii?oii aieeaaee ia aeiin noaeainueeith o?aaith
aeaiaio?a aeeaeaiiy ?c a?oioo. Iaeneiaeueiei a?i aoa ia oii?
canoinoaaiiy

N90P60K45 (N60P60K45 i?ae iniiaiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo + N30 a
i?aeaeeaeaiiy i?ney ia?oiai oeino). A ii??aiyii? c iaoaeia?aieie
?ineeiaie aeiin acioo ca?eueoeany a 2.2, oinoi?o a 1.9, a eae?th a 1.7
?ace. I?aeoe/ii oaeee aea aeiin aeaiaio?a aeeaeaiiy, ca aeeeth/aiiyi
eae?th, aoa ? i?e aianaii? N150P60K45.

I?e canoinoaaii? aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae aeiin acioo, a ii??aiyii? c
ai?a/iith nae?o?ith, ca?eueoeany ia 1.6%, oinoi?o ia 13.0%, a eae?th,
iaaiaee, ciaioeany ia 4.6%.

Aeo?aoe acioo oa oinoi?o ia oi?ioaaiiy iaei??? oiiie a?iaeath
i?neyoe?nii? noaeainueei? o?aae, ye ? caaaeueiee ?o aeiin, aoee
iaea?eueoeie ia oii? canoinoaaiiy N90P60K45. A ii??aiyii? c
iaoaeia?aieie ?ineeiaie aeo?aoe acioo ca?eueoeeenue ia 22.9, oinoi?o —
ia 9.1%, a eae?th — ciaioeeenue ia 3.3%. Nooo?ai? ??cieoe? ii aieeao
oi?i acioieo aeia?ea ia aeo?aoe aeaiaio?a aeeaeaiiy ia oi?ioaaiiy
iaeeieoe? a?iaeath ia aeyaeaii.

I?e iecueeiio ai?no? a a?oio? acioo oa ?ooiiiai oinoi?o ? na?aaeiueiio
iai?iiiai eae?th iaeneiaeueiee a?iaeae noaeainueea o?aaa caaacia/eea i?e
aianaii? N60, a i?e iecueeiio ai?no? acioo ? na?aaeiueiio oinoi?o oa
eae?th — N120-150.

Aoaeoeai?noue acioieo aeia?ea caeaaeeoue a?ae niinia?a ?o canoinoaaiiy.
I?e aianaii? ai?a/ii? nae?o?e c iieeaiith aiaeith a?iaeae i?aeaeuoaaany
a ii??aiyii? ?c canoinoaaiiyi ?? a?iceeae ia 13.1, na/iaeie ia 15.1,
aoaeaaiii?eii? nie? — ia 10.7%.

Iaeii?aciaa aianaiiy acioieo aeia?ea i?ae ia?aaeiin?aiee ia?ia?oie
a?oioo caaacia/o? iaea?aeaiiy oaeiai ae a?iaeath noaeainueei? o?aae ye ?
i?e iiae??aiaiiio eiai canoinoaaii?.

Acioi? aeia?eaa ia oii? oinoi?ieo ? eae?eieo aeia?ea ci?iththoue
iieacieee yeino? a?iaeath. Aianaiiy N90 i?aeaeuo? a ii??aiyii? c
eiio?ieai ai?no ne?iai i?ioa?io ia 21.8%, ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue a 100 ea
ei?io ia 16.4%, ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io ia 33.9%, a ne?iai aee?o ciaioo?
ia 6.8 a?aeiinieo a?aenioea. I?e oeueiio caaaeueia cieuei?noue ?
e?euee?noue ee?oeiaeie i?aeoe/ii ia ci?iththoueny.

Ia oii? aianaiiy ai?a/ii? nae?o?e a o?iaea? noaeainueei? o?aae
i?noeeinue a?eueoa i?ae i?e canoinoaaii? aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae, ne?iai
i?ioa?io ia 8.2%, aeueaoi?i?a oa aeiaoe?i?a ia 15.3%, a i?ieai?i?a, iaei
oe?iii? o?aeoe?? a?eea, iaaiaee, iaioa ia 33.3%.

Iiaia i?ia?aeueia aeia?eai (N120P60K45) caaacia/o? iaea?aeaiiy
iaea?eueoiai /enoiai i?eaooeo, iaeneiaeueio ?aioaaaeuei?noue ?
i?i?iaeueio nia?aa?o?noue a?iaeath noaeainueei? o?aae.

A oiiaao c?ioaiiy aianaiiy N120P60K45 caaacia/o? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaia
aeei?enoaiiy niiy/ii? aia?a??: c a?iaea?i caeaii? iane o?eno?oueny
124.27 oen.IAeae, aia?aaoe/iee eiao?oe??io i?e oeueiio neeaaea? 3.0.

I?e ae?iuoaaii? noaeainueei? o?aae a i?neyoe?nieo iin?aao ia caeaiee
ei?i a oiiaao c?ioaiiy i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie ia oaiii-eaooaiiaiio
na?aaeiueinoaeeieiaiio a?oio? i?e iecueeiio ai?no? a iueiio acioo,
oinoi?o oa na?aaeiueiio eae?th ne?ae aiineoe N120P60K45 iaeii?aciai i?ae
iniiaiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo. ?c acioieo aeia?ea e?aua aeei?enoiaoaaoe
ai?a/io nae?o?o. Aoaeoeai?noue ?? i?aeaeuo?oueny i?e aianaii? c
iieeaiith aiaeith. I?e a?aenooiino? ai?a/ii? nae?o?e iiaeia
canoiniaoaaoe na/iaeio aai aoaeaaiii?ei? nie?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Eyoaiei I. TH. O?iaeae e ea/anoai noaeaineie o?aau a caaeneiinoe io
ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee. // Oaa??enueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. — Oa?nii. —
1997. — aei. 1. /ano. 4.- N. 660.

2. Eyoaiei I. TH. Aieea aeia?ea ia o?iaeae ? ye?noue i?neyoe?nii?
noaeainueei? o?aae a oiiaao c?ioaiiy: Ca. iaoe. noaoae.- Oa?nii, 1997. —
N. 119-121.

3. O?e?i’?a ?. Ae., Eyoaiei I. TH. Aieea aeia?ea ia o?iaeae ? ye?noue
i?neyoe?nii? noaeainueei? o?aae a oiiaao c?ioaiiy i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie: Ca.
iaoe. i?aoeue Oiainueei? n. — a. aeaaeai??. — /ano. 1.- No/ani? i?iaeaie
?ineeiieoeoaa ? ei?iiae?iaieoeoaa. — Oiaiue, 1998. — N. 150-153.

Ocaaaeueieea aieea aeic acioieo aeia?ea, oi?i, no?ie?a oa niinia?a ?o
canoinoaaiiy ia a?iaeae noaeainueei? o?aae.

4. Eyoaiei I.TH., Iaea?/oe A.I. Aeeyiea oaeia?aiee ia o?iaeae noaeaineie
o?aau i?e iioeiniii aa iinaaa a oneiaeyo i?ioaiey thaa Oe?aeiu //
Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? i?enay/ai?e 100-e ??/ieoe?
c aeiy canioaaiiy Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
aeine?aeii? noaioe??. — Oii 1. Caiea?ianoai. — Iaeana. — 1996. — N. 160.

Aianie caeiaoaa/a a noaoo? iieyaa? a naiino?eiiio i?iaaaeaii? ioe?iee
aieeao aeia?ea ia o?iaeae noaeainueei? o?aae.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eyoaiei I.TH. Aieea aeic, oi?i, no?ie?a oa niinia?a canoinoaaiiy
acioieo aeia?ea ia o?iaeae ? ye?noue i?neyoe?nii? noaeainueei? o?aae
a oiiaao c?ioaiiy i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueei-ainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.01.04 —
aa?io?i?y. Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a, 1999.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui canoinoaaiiy acioieo aeia?ea ia oii? P60K45 iie?auo?
iiaeeaiee noai a?oioo, ??no ? ?icaeoie noaeainueei? o?aae, ca?eueoo? ??
a?iaeae oa iie?ioo? ye?noue. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaeii?aciaa aianaiiy
N120P60K45 i?ae iniiaiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo. ?c acioieo aeia?ea e?aua
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ai?a/io nae?o?o. Aoaeoeai?noue ?? i?aeaeuo?oueny i?e
aianaii? c iieeaiith aiaeith. I?e a?aenooiino? ai?a/ii? nae?o?e iiaeia
canoiniaoaaoe na/iaeio aai aoaeaaiii?ei? nie?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: noaeainueea o?aaa, ai?a/ia nae?o?a, aoaeaaiii?eia n?eue,
na/iaeia, aeice aeia?ea, oi?ie, no?iee, acio, oinoi?, eae?e, o?iaeae,
ye?noue.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eyoaiei I.TH. Aeeyiea aeic, oi?i, n?ieia e niiniaia i?eiaiaiey acioiuo
oaeia?aiee ia o?iaeae e ea/anoai iioeiniie noaeaineie o?aau a oneiaeyo
i?ioaiey thaa Oe?aeiu.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.01.04. — aa?ioeiey.
Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aianaiea acioiuo oaeia?aiee iiauoaao o?iaaiue
ieo?aoiiai acioa a ii/aa. Iaeneiaeueiia aai niaea?aeaiea auei i?e
aianaiee N120P60K45 e ninoaaeei a ia?eiae anoiaeia noaeaineie o?aau a
0-50 ni neia ii/au 33.33 ia/ea, /oi a 2.6 ?aca aieueoa, /ai a eiio?iea
aac oaeia?aiee.

I?e aianaiee acioiuo oaeia?aiee a?aca?in a aeica N60, aiiea/iay naeeo?a
a aieueoae ia?a, /ai ii/aaeia e oaeaaiiiieeiua niee iiauoaao
niaea?aeaiea ieo?aoia a ii/aa.

Iaeenoaaiiinoue e ieiuaaeue anneieeyoeeiiiie iiaa?oiinoe noaeaineie
o?aau oaaee/eaaaony n oaaee/aieai aeicu acioiiai oaeia?aiey ia oiia
P60K45. Iaeneiaeueiuo ?acia?ia iia aeinoeaea a oaco aua?anuaaiey iaoaeee
— 51.4 oun. i2/aa a aa?eaioa n aianaieai N150P60K45, /oi ia 54.8% auoa
iaoaeia?aiiiai eiio?iey.

I?e aianaiee acioiuo oaeia?aiee iiae noaeaineoth o?aao oaaee/eaaeinue
niaea?aeaiea acioa e oinoi?a a ?anoaieyo. I?e yoii aic?anoae e auiin
iniiaiuo yeaiaioia ieoaiey ?anoaieyie ec ii/au e cao?aou eo ia
oi?ie?iaaiea 1 o o?iaeay.

Aiiea/iay naeeo?a e oaeaaiiiieeiua niee aianaiiua a?aca?in iaeeiaeiai
iiaeeyee ia cao?aou acioa, oaaee/eaay aai eiee/anoai a n?aaiaiee n
eiio?ieai aac oaeia?aiee niioaaonoaaiii ia 1.2 e 1.1 ea ia 1 o nooiai
aauanoaa eee 6.3 e 5.8%.

I?eiaiaiea acioiuo oaeia?aiee niinianoaoao ?inoo o?iaeay caeaiie iannu
noaeaineie o?aau, oeo/oaao aai ea/anoai. I?e /ai i?aeoe/anee ii anai
iieacaoaeyi ea/anoaa caeaiay ianna noaeaineie o?aau auea eo/oa i?e
au?aueaaiee aa ia oiia aiiea/iie naeeo?u. Onoaiiaeaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue
iaeii?aciaiai aianaiey N120P60K45 iiae iniiaioth ia?aaioeo ii/au —
iaania/eaaao iieo/aiea iaeaieueoae /enoie i?eauee ia o?iaia 146.2 a?i/aa
iaeneiaeueioth ?aioaaaeueiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa e ieieiaeueioth
naaanoieiinoue o?iaeay noaeaineie o?aau. Ec acioiuo oaeia?aiee eo/oa
eniieueciaaoue aiiea/ioth naeeo?o. Yooaeoeaiinoue aa oaaee/eaaaony i?e
aianaiee n iieeaiie aiaeie. I?e ionoonoaee aiiea/iie naeeo?u iiaeii
i?eiaiyoue ii/aaeio eee oaeaaiiiieeiua niee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: noaeaineay o?aaa, aiiea/iay naeeo?a, oaeaaiiiieeiua
niee, ii/aaeia, aeicu oaeia?aiee, oi?iu, n?iee, acio, oinoi?, eaeee,
o?iaeae, ea/anoai.

RESUME

Lyashenko M.Y. The influence of dozes, forms, dates and methods of
application of nitrogen fertilizers on yield and quality of sudangrass
of after cutting sow in conditions of irrigation in the South of
Ukraine.

Thesis for scientific degree of candidate of Agricultural Sciences with
a Specialization 06.01.04. — agrochemistry. National Agricultural
University of Ukraine, Kiev, 1999.

It has been established that application of nitrogen fertilizers on
P60K45 phone improves nutrition regime of soil, growth and development
of sudangrass, increases its yield and improves its quality. One-time
application of N120P60K45 and basic soil treatment is offered. As a
nitrogen fertilizer it had better be used the ammonium nitrate. Its
efficiency is increased by entering with irrigation water. When lack of
ammonium nitrate, the carbamide or carbonate-ammonium jalts may be
applied.

Key words: sudangrass, ammonium nitrate, ammonium carbonates solt,
carbamide, dozes of fertilizers, dates, nitrogen, fosfate, potassium,
yield, quality.

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