Aea?aeaaia aa?iaeieia?/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie

OAUAIEI AIEIAeEIE? IAO?IAE*

Ia
i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 631.551.521

AIEEA AeIA?EA ? IAE?I?AIO?A

IA I?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe, ssE?NOUe

? IAA?IIAAeAEAIIss ?AAe?IOeAC?TH A O?IAEA?

CAEAII? IANE EOEO?OAeCE

IA OI?OIAI-AIEIOIEO A?OIOAO

IIE?NNss OE?A?IE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 03.00.16 — Aeieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

AEeoiie? — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Iie?nny

Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe Niaae?e
Ieaenaiae?

Oaiaein?eiae/, canooiiee ia/aeueieea
AEeoiie?nueeiai

iaeaniiai oi?aae?iiy n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeaaeai?e OAAI aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
iaoe, i?ioani?, Eeeiaiei Ieeiea Ieaenaiae?iae/,
Aeaaeai?y

iae?i?aoe?? ? aiaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa,
caa. eaoaae?ith;

aeaaeai?e OAAI aeieoi?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, Nethna?

?aai Oeiio?eiae/ ?inoeooo
caiea?ianoaa, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo aa?iaeieia?? oa a?ioaoiieia?? OAAI.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 2 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 14 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E. 14.083.01 aeey caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiaiiiaea?nueeeo iaoe i?e Aea?aeaai?e aa?iaeieia?/i?e aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith 260101, i. AEeoiie?, aoe. Noa?ee aoeueaa?, 7.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aea?aeaaii?
aa?iaeieia?/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie.

A?aeaoee ia aaoi?aoa?ao o aeaio i?ei??ieeao, caa??ai? aa?aiaith
ia/aoeith, i?ineii iaaeneeaoe ia ?i’y a/aiiai nae?aoa?y Niaoe?aaee.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 29 ” n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, n.i.n. Iia??nueeee I.
I

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Anooi. Aaaaoi??/iee aeina?ae, ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue c
ieoaiue inoooaaiiai iae?i?aoeaiiai caiea?ianoaa ?ica’ycaee ?yae
aaaeeeaeo i?iaeai ?ioaineaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai aeei?enoaiiy
inooaieo a?oio?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oiiae ?inoo e ?icaeoeo ?ineei ia
iae?i?iaaieo caieyo a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae oiia ia aiaa?ieo oi?oiaeo aac
i?iaaaeaiiy iae?i?aoe??. Oe? a?aei?iiino? cia/iith i??ith aecia/athoueny
iniaeeainoyie ee?iaoe/ieo oiia, aa?io?i?/ieie, aeieia?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie i?aaiiaaiieo a?oio?a. Oi?oi-aieioi? a?oioe aea/ai?
iaaeinoaoiuei, cie?aia, ia?aiao?e ?o ?iaeth/ino?, iniiai? aeaiaioe
oaoiieia?e ae?iuoaaiiy, aeieoaaiiy oa cieaeaiiy eiao?oe??io?a
iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ?aae?iioee?ae?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeie eoeueoo?aie.
Aeiaaeaiiy ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?a/iaei i?ney aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e
aoiii?e noaioe?? ni?eyei ia o?eueee aaeee?e u?eueiino?, a oaeiae
i?ecaaei aei caa?oaeiaiiy cia/ieo oa?eoi??e. ?acii c ei?ioeiaeeao/eie
?aae?iioee?aeaie a iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua iio?aieea aaeeea e?euee?noue
aeiaaiaeeao/eo. O ca’yceo c oeei aeieeea aaaeeeaa, aea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy
i?iaeaia caaacia/aiiy aeieia?/ii? aaciaee ianaeaiiy, yea i?iaeeaa? ia
caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo, oa ?ic?iaee caoiae?a cieaeaiiy ??aiy
iaeiie/aiiy ?o o i?iaeoeoe?? ?ineeiieoeoaa.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iniaeeao oaaao ne?ae i?eae?eyoe ?aoe?iiaeueiiio
aeei?enoaiith iaea?eueo ?iaeth/eo (a oiiaao Iie?nny) oi?oiaeo a?oio?a.
sse na?ae/aoue iaaaaaoi/eneaii? iaoeia? aeai? oey i?iaeaia cia/ii
caaino?th?oueny ia oi?oi-aieioieo a?oioao, ui caeaoi? aeoeaii iiaeeiaoe
?aae?iioee?aee, a oaeiae ia iaio aeoeaii a?aeaeaaaoe ?ineeiai. Iaa?oue
i?e iaaenieeo u?eueiinoyo caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo ?o ia?ao?ae o ?ineeie
iaaaaaoi aeoeai?oee, i?ae ia ?ioeo oeiao a?oio?a.

Iinoa? ieoaiiy aea/aiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaeeo caoiae?a, ui ia
ni?e/eieee a aeiei??iieo ci?i o oaoiieia?yo ae?iuoaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, ni?eyee ciaioaiith iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy
?aae?iaeoeaieo aeaiaio?a o ?ineeiao oa caaacia/oaaee ?o iio?aao a
i?e?iaeaiaioao, ia ye? oi?oi-aieioi? a?oioe a?aei?.

Aea/aiiy i?a?aoe?? ?aae?iioee?ae?a ii i?io?eth a?oioo oa a nenoai?
a?oio-?ineeia iieacaee, ui ia?niaeoeaiei o ae??oaii? i?iaeaie ia?aoiaeo
?o o iaeiaeinooii? oi?ie ? iineeaiiy aae?ii? caeaoiino? a?oioo oeyoii
aianaiiy i?e?iaeieo ni?aaio?a c i?aeaeuaiith ?ie?noth eao?iiiiai iai?io.

A ca’yceo c oeei i?aeoe/io aaaeeea?noue iathoue ieoaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?eeii?a ia?ia?oeo a?oioo, aianaiiy aeia?ea ? iae?i?aio?a,
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aia?aicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e, ui caaacia/othoue
iaea?aeaiiy a?iaea?a caieaiiaaiiai ??aiy e cieaeaiiy iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
?aae?iioee?ae?a o ?ineeie oa ?ioaineaiino? ?iceeaaeaiiy i?aai?/ieo
?a/iaei a?oioo. Aeuaiacaaii? ieoaiiy, uiaei aea/aiiy aieeao aeic
oinoi?ieo, eae?eieo aeia?ea oa naiii?o?a, oeaie?o?a, aeeie, a oaeiae ?o
ni?aa?aeiioaiue ia oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oioao, caa?oaeiaieo
?aae?iioee?aeaie, aea/aeeny iaaeinoaoiuei, ui iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue
?o anaa?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aiie iiaeooue ye ciaiooaaoe iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
?aae?iioee?ae?a c a?oioo a ?ineeio, oae ? iie?iooaaoe o?i?ei-o?ce/i?
aeanoeaino? oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oio?a.

Oaeei /eiii, a?aenooi?noue ?ic?iaie aeiiii?/ii aeinooiieo ? aoaeoeaieo
i?eeii?a aeacaeoeaaoe?? ? ieoeueoo?aiiy a?oio?a oa iaea?aeaiiy
aeieia?/ii “/enoeo” ei?i?a ? oaa?eiieoeueei? i?iaeoeoe?? aecia/a?
aeooaeuei?noue aeaii? ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioo aeeiiaii
ca?aeii c oaiaoeeith aeine?aeaeaiue ?inoeoooo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
Iie?nny. (1992—1997 ?.?. ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0198V003641)

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? o aea/aii?
i?a?aoe???aae?ioeac?th a oi?oiai-aieioiiio a?oio?, aieeao aeia?ea ?
iae?i?aio?a ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ?aae?iaeoeaiiai
oeac?th eoeo?oaecith.

Caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aeyaeaiiy aieeao aeic oinoi?ieo ?
eae?eieo aeia?ea, naiii?o?a, oeaie?o?a ? aeeie, ?o ni?aa?aeiioaiue ia:

— i?a?aoe?th ?aae?ioeac?th ii i?io?eth a?oioo;

— oiiae ?inoo, ?icaeoeo ? oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? eoeo?oaece, ??
a?iaeaei?noue ? ye?noue;

— iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ?aae?ioeac?th eoeo?oaecith, i?iaiicoaaiiy caa?oaeiaiiy
i?iaeoeoe?? ?aae?ioeac??i aeei?eniaoth/e aa?io?i?/i? iieacieee a?oioo;

— aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo oa a?iaia?aaoe/io aoaeoeai?noue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia aac? noaoe?iia?ii iieueiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aia?oa a oiiaao Iie?nny ia ?aae?iaeoeaii caa?oaeiaieo
oi?oi-aieioieo a?oioao i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy c i?ia?aeueieie
aeia?eaaie ? iae?i?aioaie a ??cieo ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? caeaii? iane eoeo?oaece oa iaiaaeaiiy ia?aoiaeo
?aae?ioeac?th c a?oioo a ?ineeie.

Anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue i?ae aeicaie aeia?ea ? iae?i?aio?a ia
i?a?aoe?th ?aae?ioeac?th ii i?io?eth a?oioo.

Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe oa ?aae?caoe?y ?? ?acoeueoao?a.

Aeey cii ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy cia/ieo oa?eoi??e a Oe?a?i?,
A?ei?on??, ?in??, oa ?ioeo e?a?iao aianaiiy oinoi?ieo, eae?eieo aeia?ea
? iae?i?aio?a, aeicaieeoue ae?iuoaaoe eoeo?oaeco oa ?io? eoeueoo?e c
aenieith i?iaeoeoeai?noth, ye?noth oa iecueeith eiioeaio?aoe??th
?aae?ioeac?th. ?ic?iaea ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aenieiaoaeoeaiiai
aa?iaaio?i?/iiai iaoiaeo ieoeueoo?aiiy oi?oi-aieioieo a?oio?a ca ?aooiie
i?e?iaeieo i?ia?ae?a-ni?aaio?a ia?ane?aeo? iaoo i?aeaeuaiiy ?o
?iaeth/ino?, ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa iaea?aeaiiy
aeieia?/ii /enoeo ei?i?a aeey oaa?eiieoeoaa a cii? ?aae?iaeoeaiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy. Aaaiiee ?ioa?an aeey ni?aae ieoeueoo?aiiy oi?oiaeo a?oio?a
yaey? niaith ? oie oaeo, ui i?e?iaei? i?ia?aee ? aenieiii?enoeie
ni?aaioaie, aiie aeoioeththoue niiy/ia oaiei, ine?eueee i?noyoue aaaaoi
?ii?ciaaii? aieiae, iathoue aaeeeo oaiei?ii?noue ? iiieaeaio oaiia?aoo?o
caia?caiiy, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ia?niaeoeai?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy. Aeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo oaeoi??a ?iaeth/ino? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
aa?io?i?/ieie neoaeaaie ainiiaea?noa i?e aecia/aii? ii?i aeia?ea ?
iae?i?aio?a, aeey iaea?aeaiiy iioeiaeueii? a?iaeaeiino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? oa i?iaiicoaaiiy ?aae?iaeieia?/iiai
noaio ?aae?iaeoeaii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e oa a/aniiai aaeeooy
eiio?caoiae?a.

Aeaeea?aoe?y eiie?aoiiai iniaenoiai aianeo aeena?oaioa. I?iaaaeaiiy
iieueiaeo aeine?ae?a, aiae?c ? noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea iaoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe??,
?o iiaeaeueoa ocaaaeueiaiiy ca o?noue ?ie?a oa oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy,
ii?aoethaaiiy oaenoo aeeiiaii aeena?oaioii iniaenoi.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaea?aeaee noaaeaiiy:

— ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? (Ee?a, 1995, 1998);

— ia can?aeaiiyo iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo eii?n?e ? A/aii? ?aaee ?inoooooo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Iie?nny OAAI (1992—1998);

— ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo ca i?aenoieaie aeine?aeaeaiue;

— ia can?aeaii? a?aeae?e?a ?ineeiieoeoaa oa caiea?ianoaa ?NAI,
AEeoiie?nueeiai ?aae?ieia?/iiai oeaio?o (a?oaeaiue, 1997).

A iiaiiio ianyc? aeena?oaoe?th ?icaeyiooi ? noaaeaii ia ?icoe?aiiio
can?aeaii? a/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Iie?nny
OAAI (n?/aiue, 1999).

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Ca aeniiaeaie ? i?iiiceoe?yie
ae?iaieoeoao i?iaaaeaia ae?iaie/a ia?aa??ea ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo
?ic?iaie ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? ia ieiu? 40 aa a aeine?aeiiio
ainiiaea?noa? “A?iceinueea”.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii a
ainueie iioae?eiaaieo iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo. Ieoiia aaaa aaoi?a a
iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeyo 80%.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe — 148 noi??iee
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ui aeeth/athoue 26 oaae., aeiaeaoee — 30 oaae., 6
iaethie?a. Aeena?oaoe?y ia? oae? ?icae?ee: anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e,
iaoa??ae ? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
aeniiaee, i?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao. A?ae?ia?ao?y — 176 iaeiaioaaiue.

2. I?ia?aia, iaoiaeeea ? oiiae

i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue

C iaoith niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ci?iaie, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a a?oio? ?
?ineeiao i?e aeei?enoaii? ??cieo aeic oinoi?ii-eae?eieo aeia?ea ?
iae?i?aio?a i?e ae?iuoaaii? eoeo?oaece ia ?aae?iaeoeaii caa?oaeiaieo
oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oioao caeeaaeaii noaoe?iia?iee aeine?ae. Oa?eoi??y,
ia ye?e i?iaiaeyoueny aeine?aeaeaiiy, yaey? niaith aeieeiia aieioi, ui
ia aeoiaeeoue ca iaae? ?iceea?a (ieiua — iiiaae 1,5 oen. aa). Inooaii
aieioi Iinoaeinueeith inoooaaeueiith nenoaiith, aea n?oea a?aee?eoeo
eaiae?a ii?aeio?oueny ?c e?ioiaei ae?aiaaeai. I?aenoeeath/? ii?iaee
i?aaenoaaeai? aiaeiieueiaeiaeeiaeie a?aeeeaaeaie. Ca iaoai?/iei neeaaeii
aiie ia?aaaaeii noi?uai? e i?uaii — eaaeinoaeeieia?. Noaoe?iia?iee
aeine?ae ?ici?uaiee a?ey naea Coa?aueie Ei?inoainueeiai ?aeiio
AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano?, ia oa?eoi??? aeine?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa
“A?iceinueea” ?inoeoooo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Iie?nny. ?iaeee
oaiieia?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy, a?iiao?e/i? cai??e, aiae?c no?oeoo?e
a?iaeath, niaeo?aeueiee oa o?i?/iee aiae?c a?oioiaeo ? ?ineeiieo
c?ace?a. Iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue o 1992—1997 ?ieao.
Iiia?aaeiee — aaaaoi??/i? o?aae. Aei ? i?ney 1986 ?ieo i?ye? ?iaioe
iia’ycai? c ia?ia?oeii a?oioo oa aianaiiyi aeia?ea ia i?iaiaeeeinue.
?ici?? iae?eiai? ae?eyiee — 28 ea. i., iiaoi?i?noue /ioe?e?aciaa.
A?a?eae eoeo?oaece — Eieaeoeaiee 100 NA. Ii?ia aen?ao ian?iiy — 110
oen./aa. Aeine?ae caeeaaeaiee iiiieoeueoo?ith c aianaiiyi iae?i?aio?a
(naiii?o?a, oeaie?o?a, aeeie a 1992 ?ioe? ia?aae aeeneoaaiiyi, oinoi?i?
? eae?ei? aeia?eaa aiineee eiaeiiai ?ieo i?ae ia?aaeiin?aio
eoeueoeaaoe?th. Aeine?aee caeeaaeai? ia iaea?eueo iioe?aieo a cii?
Iie?nny ieceiieo oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oioao, ui aaaao? ia i?aai?/i?
?a/iaeie. Aeeaeia caeyaaiiy eieeaa?oueny a?ae 1,0 aei 1,5 i, ca
aeeaeiith oi?oiaeo ai?eciio?a aiie a?aeiinyoueny aei na?aaeiueiaeeaieeo.
Ca a?aioeiiao???th ?

e?oieia??th i?aenoeeath/i? ii?iaee ciaoiaeyoueny ia noi?neao ? noaeeieao
aiie — na?aaeiueicieuei? (12%). Ca aioai?/iei neeaaeii oi?o
inieiai-i/a?aoyiiai iioiaeaeaiiy ? ia?aae caeeaaeaiiyi aeine?aeo iaa
oae? o?ce/i? aa?io?i?/i? aeanoeaino?: ia’?iia iana — 0,325—0,330 a/eoa.
ni, ?I-5,6, aaeiaee ai?no acioo — 3,2%, ?ooiiiai oinoi?o — 2, eae?th 2,2
ia ia 100 a a?oioo. U?euei?noue caa?oaeiaiiy, a?oioo ?aae?ioeac??i 5,8
E?/ea. ei. Aeine?aeia ae?eyiea ia? caaeia?eueiee eoeueoo?i-oaoi?/iee
noai, ca i?eaeaoi?noth aei aeei?enoaiiy iaeaaeeoue aei inai?iiy i?ae
iieueia? eoeueoo?e. A?ae?iiae?i?aoeaiee noai — ii?iaeueiee. Cae?aiiy
eoeo?oaece i?iaiaeeeinue o iiei/ii-aineia?e noeaeino?. I?e oeueiio
a?aoiaoaaany caaaeueiee a?iaeae caeaii? iane c ea/aiaie.

I?ia?aiith aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aaeaa/aii aea/aiiy aieeao oinoi?ieo,
eae?eieo aeia?ea, iae?i?aio?a (naiii?oo, oeaie?oo, aeeie) ia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue, ye?noue oa iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ?aae?ioeac?th eoeo?oaecith
ca noaiaie ye? aeeeaaeai? a oaaeeoeyo 1—4.

Ia?aae ii/aoeii ? a e?ioe? aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeae?aee c?acee ? aecia/aee
aa?io?i?/i? ? o?ce/i? iieacieee a?oioo: oaeeie iaoiaeaie:

— ?I — iioaioe?iiao?e/ii ia ?I iao?e;

— a?ae?ie?oe/io eeneioi?noue — ca Eaiiaiii;

— acio — ca Oth?eiei ? Eiiiiiaith;

— oinoi? — ca A. Iaethaeiei ? N.O?aiiaith;

— eae?e — o aeoyaeoe? ca E??naiiaei c ianooiiei aecia/aiiyi ia
iieoi’yiaaiio oioiiao??;

— ia’?iio iano ca aeiiiiiaith ??aeo/iai e?eueoey (?. ?. Caeaeaeueiai);

— cieuei?noue oi?oo, ca iaoiaeii aecia/aiiy cieueiino?. (AeaNo
27784-88);

— iiooaei?noue oi?oiaeo ai?eciio?a ca Iaa/aiei I. ?.;

— ii?eno?noue — ?ic?aooieiaei iaoiaeii;

— aieia?noue a?oioo — aaaiaei iaoiaeii o oa?? a?oioo 0-100 ni (/a?ac
eiaei? 10 ni);

— oaiia?aoo?o a?oioo ia aeeaei? 5—10 ni oa?iiiao?ii OI-10:

— ??aaiue caeyaaiiy i?aea?oioiaeo aiae aecia/aee a i??ieo eieiaeycyo.

A aeine?aeao aeei?enoiaothoueny aeia?eaa a oi?i? a?aioeueiaaiiai
noia?oinoaoo, oei?enoiai eae?th.

A aeine?aeao aea/aeeny aeice iae?i?aio?a, ui anoaiiaethaaeeny c
?ic?aooieo ia aeiaeaoeiaa iiaeeiaiiy i?e aianaii? i?ia?aea a a?oio ca
?aooiie eiai ?ieino? iiaeeiaiiy, ui ? caeaaeiith /anoeiith a?ae ??
aaee/eie o aeo?aeiiio a?oio?. ?ic?aooiie oeeo aeic cae?enithaaany ca
oi?ioeith aecia/aiiy ?ieino? iiaeeiaiiy iaoiaeii Aiaei-Aneeiac? o
iiaeeo?eaoe??, Aeueioeia. A i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ca
?nioth/eie iaoiaeeeaie aeeiioaaee oaiieia?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy.
I?ae?aooiee aonoioe noiyiiy ?ineei i?iaiaeeee a ia??iae ianiaeo noiae?a
? ia?aae cae?aiiyi. ?ineeii? c?acee a?aeae?athoueny aeey aiae?co ca
iaoiaeeeith — A. A. Iaoa?ao?anueeiai. Oaeiae aecia/aeeny: caaaeueiee
acio, oinoi?, eae?e, eaeueoe?e, ne?a ee?oeiaeia c iaei??? iaaaaeee ca
iaoiaeii A?icao?aa ? Ooiiaia a aeaio ie?aieo iiaoi?aiiyo, aeai?
iaaaaeaii a na?aaeiueiio c aeaio ia?aeaeueieo aecia/aiue. Nooa ?a/iaeia
aecia/aeany aenoooaaiiyi c?ace?a ?ineei i?e oaiia?aoo?? 60—65 a?aaeon?a
ca Oeaeuen??i. Ne?ee aee? — iaoiaeii aeno?aaoaaiiy c?acea n??/aiei
ao??ii a aia?aoao Nieneaoa, ne?ee i?ioa?i — i?e?iiao?ii ca Eaeueaeaeai,
oeoei? — ca O. I. Ii/eieii, ei?iia? iaeeieoe? ? iai?iio aia?a?th
?ic?aooieiaei iaoiaeii. Aecia/aiiy aeoeaiino? ?aae?iioee?ae?a Ns 137, Ns
134, E 40 oa ?ioeo aaiaaei?ii?ithth/eo ?aae?iioee?ae?a o a?oioiaeo ?
?ineeiieo c?aceao i?iaiaeeeinue ca?aeii c iaoiaeeeith Oe?a?ae?iiaoo ia
noeeioeeyoe?eiiio aaia-aeaeo?iaiae?caoi?? c e?enoaeii NaJ (O?) oa
aaaaoieaiaeueiiio aiie?ooaeiiio aiae?caoi?? ?iioeuen?a A?-1024-95;
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiai aaia-niaeo?iiao?a c Aa — Li aeaoaeoi?ii oeio
AeAAeE-100 oa aaaaoieaiaeueiei aiie?ooaeiei aiae?caoi?ii ?iioeuen?a
AI-A-02O1.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea e aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue
i?iaiaeeeeny iaoiaeii aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co.

Aeiiii?/ii-aia?aaoe/io aoaeoeai?noue aeia?ea ? iae?i?aio?a ?ic?aoiaoaaee
ia iniia? oaoiieia?/ieo ea?o ?ic?iaeaieo aeey ianooiiiai ii??aiyiiy ?o
ca iniiaieie aia?aaoe/ieie ? aeiiii?/ieie iieacieeaie. Ia?ae?e ?ia?o o
oaoiieia?/ieo ea?oao neeaaeaii c o?aooaaiiyi iaoiaee/ieo ii?aae ii
ae?iuoaaiith eoeo?oaece ia oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oioao. Aia?aaoe/ia ioe?iea
aecia/aeanue ca?aeii iaoiaeeee (A. E. Iaaeaaaeianueeiai ? I. ?.
?aai/aiea 1988). Iiaiaei? oiiae a ?iee i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue
iaeaea ia a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae na?aaeiuei? aaaaoi??/ieo iieaciee?a.

3. ?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aieea oinoi?ieo, eae?eieo aeia?ea oa iae?i?aio?a ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue
eoeo?oaece. Iaei??th c a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae eoeo?oaece ? caeaoi?noue
?? ?ioaineaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iiaeeai? ?a/iaeie ?c aaeeeiai ia’?io
a?oioo ? i?ioyaii anueiai aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. I?e ae?iuoaaii?
eoeo?oaece ia oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oioao niinoa??aa?oueny o?nia
caeaaei?noue i?ae aaee/eiith a?iaeath ? ??aiai ?iaeth/ino? a?oioo, yeee
coiiaeth?oueny canoinoaaiiyi aeia?ea. Oaiieia?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy
iieacothoue, ui aeia?eaa oa iae?i?aioe ca?eueoothoue ?ioaineai?noue
?inoo ?ineei eoeo?oaece aaea ia ii/aoeo aaaaoaoe??, oea ni?ey?
i?aeaeuaiith i?iaeoeoeaiino?, a?eueo oaeaeeiio ?icaeoeo oa aeic??aaiith.
Aiae?coth/e oanoe??/i? aeai? a?iaeaeiino? eoeo?oaece i?e canoinoaaii?
oinoi?ii-eae?eieo aeia?ea i?eoiaeeii aei aeniiaeo, ui o an?o aeiaaeeao
(e??i aa?. 2- ?90 E90) o 1992 oa 1993 ?ieao niinoa??aa?oueny i?e??no
a?iaeath ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai (oaae. 1). A oiiaao 1994—1997 ?ie?a aoei
i?aeaeuaiiy a?iaeaeiino? i?e aianaii? ye oinoi?ieo, oae ? eae?eieo
aeia?ea. Ocaaaeueithth/e aaaaoi??/i? aeai?, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaee, ui
aianaiiy oinoi?ieo ? eae?eieo aeia?ea iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia i?aeaeuaiiy
a?iaeaeiino? caeaii? iane eoeo?oaece.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aieea aeic oinoi?ii-eae?eieo aeia?ea ia a?iaeae

caeaii? iane eoeo?oaece (1992—1997 ?.?.)

? aa??aioa

Ci?no aa??aioaO?iaeae, oe/aa, ii
?ieaoNa?aaei?199219931994199519961997O?iaeaeI?e??nooe/aa%1

Eiio?ieue aac aeia?eaa241

219297510446432356—2?90E902282113196494624793913593?90E1802702823406585
0556143680224?90E240282290408693517686479123355?90E300351345402712572761
537181516?120E12025031234760947151241761177?120E180298345370670555362447
7121348?120E240317395466728654678539183519?120E3003424095217956908766062
507010?180E1803124024287435346845171614511?180E2403214276158246488566152
97312?180E300

Na?aaei?

I?? 05 oe/aa

I?? 05 %349

297

6,2

2,09459

341

8,0

2,35673

432

5,6

1,30940

711

53,4

77719

564

20,6

3,65894

670

19,12,85672

503

7,7

1,5331689

Ca?eueoaiiy aianaiiy oinoi?ieo aeia?ea i?e noae?e aaee/ei? eae?eieo
(1995 oa 1996 ?iee) ia caaaeaee i?eaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy
a?iaeaeiino?.

Aecia/aiiy aieeao naiii?o?a, oinoi?ieo ? eae?eieo aeia?ea ia a?iaeae
caeaii? iane eoeo?oaece, a?aoiaoth/e io?eiai? aeai?, i?eaiaeeoue aei
aeniiaeo, ui ?o aianaiiy iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia ca?eueoaiiy a?iaeaeiino?
caeaii? iane (oaae. 2). I?ioa ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui a ia?o? aeaa ?iee
aianaiiy iae?i?aio?a o /enoiio aeaeyae? ciaioo? a?iaeaei?noue, aea,
ii/eiath/e aaea c 3 ?ieo, niinoa??aa?oueny /?oeee iiceoeaiee aoaeo. I?e
aianaii? iae?i?aioo ii oiio ?120 E180 a ia?o? aeaa ?iee oaeiae
niinoa??aa?oueny a?eueo iecueea a?iaeaei?noue ii??aiyii ?c aa?. 4 (? 120
E 180), aea a ianooii? ?iee ca?? caeaii? iane c 1 aa ia?aaeuo? a?iaeae
i?e aianaii? eeoa ? 120 E 180.

Oaaeeoey 2

Aieea naiii?o?a oa oinoi?ii-eae?eieo aeia?ea ia a?iaeae caeaii?
iane eoeo?oaece (1992—1997 ?. ?.)

? aa??aioa

Ci?no aa??aioaO?iaeae, oe/aa, ii
?ieaoNa?aaei?199219931994199519961997O?iaeaeI?e??nooe/aa%1.Eiio?ieue2492
63271479425426352—2.15 o/aa naiii.24525130258044051238836103.25 o/aa
naiii.23622831558147558940452154.?120E180269321389678497622462110315.?12
0E180+15 o/aa naiii.238282407676614681483131376?120E180+25 o/aa naiii

Na?aaei?

I?? 05 oe/aa

I?? 05 %257

249

7,4

2,97275

270

7,8

2,89439

353

12,4

3,51651

608

45,6

7,50681

522

21,8

4,18715

591

21,8

3,69503

432

8,0

1,8515143?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii aieeao oeaie?o?a, oinoi?ieo ?
eae?eieo aeia?ea ia a?iaeaei?noue eoeo?oaece na?ae/aoue i?i iaaaoeaio
ae?th iae?iaio?a ia i?e??no i?iaeoeoe?? o ??e ?o aianaiiy (oaae. 3).
Oae, i?e aianaii? 15 oa 25 o/aa oeaie?oo io?eiaee a?aeiia?aeii 254 oa
247 i?ioe 267 oe/aa ia eiio?ie?. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui ii/eiath/e c 3
?ieo, /?oei i?inoaaeo?oueny iiceoeaiee aieea oeaie?oo ia i?aeaeuaiiy
a?iaeaeiino?, eoeo?oaece. sseui canoinoaaoe oeaie?o ii oiio ?120 E180,
oi i?e??no a?iaeath niinoa??aa?oueny oaea c 2 ?ieo aeei?enoaiiy.

Aiae?coth/e aeai? aieeao aeeie, oinoi?ieo ? eae?eieo aeia?ea ia a?iaeae
eoeo?oaece, ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui aaea a 1 ??e i?e aianaii? 250 o/aa
aeeie ?acii ?120 E180 iaee iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe (oaae. 4). Iaea?eueoee
o?iaeae io?eiaee, ye ? a iiia?aaeiueiio ?ioe?, ia aa??aioao, aea iaeaeaa
i?eeiie noi?uaeeny (a?iaeaei?noue 673 oa 702 oe/aa ia aa??aioao 5—6).
Naia aeeioaaiiy aeaei i?e??no a iaaeao 10—32%. Ocaaaeueithth/e
aaaaoi??/i? aeai? (1992—1997 ?.?.) niinoa??aa?ii, ui aianaiiy oinoi?ieo,
eae?eieo aeia?ea oa iae?i?aio?a a oiiaao ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy
oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oio?a AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano? aea? iiceoeai?
?acoeueoaoe ? aeicaiey? cia/ii i?aeaeueoe o?iaeaei?noue eoeo?oaece.

Oaaeeoey 3

Aieea oeaie?o?a oa oinoi?ii — eae?eieo aeia?ea ia a?iaeae caeaii? iane
eoe?oaece (1992 — 1997 ?.?.)

? aa??aioa

Ci?no aa??aioaO?iaeae, oe/aa, ii
?ieaoNa?aaei?199219931994199519961997O?iaeaeI?e??nooe/aa%1.Eiio?ieue2672
18303461437429353—2.15 o/aa oeaie?o?a.25423931656549756840754153.25
o/aa
oeaie?o?a.24720733158652361941966194.?120E180308400394631518596475122355
.?120E180+15 o/aa oeaie.251368445609664697506153436.?120E180+25 o/aa
oeaie

Na?aaei?

I?? 05 oe/aa

I?? 05 %263

265

4,6

1,74371

300

51,8

17,27482

379

9,5

2,51779

605

21,9

3,62743

564

100,4

17,8765

612

14,3

2,34567

454

13,8

3,0421461

3.2. Aieea aeia?ea oa iae?i?aio?a ia ye?noue caeaii? iane eoeo?oaece.
Aeia?eaa ? iae?i?aioe cia/ii aieeaaee ia o?eueee ia i?aeaeuaiiy
a?iaeaeiino?, aea e ia ye?noue iaea?aeaii? i?iaeoeoe??, ?? ei?iiao
oe?ii?noue. A?aeiii, ui eaaoa aieeaaoe ia aaee/eio a?iaeath
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, i?ae ia eiai ye?noue. I?e
i?aaeeuei?e nenoai? oaeia?aiiy ei?iiaeo eoeueoo? i?aeaeuo?oueny ai?no ia
o?eueee i?ioa?io, aea e a?oai?i?a, a ia?oo /a?ao ea?ioeio. Oaeei /eiii,
iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue, ui i?e aianaii? aeia?ea ci?ith?oueny
o?i?/iee neeaae ? iiaeeai?noue ei?i?a. Ioaea, ?o iiaeia ae?iuoaaoe
iiaiioe?iieie, iniaeeai ca ai?noii i?ioa?io.

Oaaeeoey 4

Aieea aeeie oa oinoi?ii — eae?eieo aeia?ea ia a?iaeae caeaii? iane
eoe?oaece (1992 — 1997 ?.?.)

? aa??aioa

Ci?no aa??aioaO?iaeae, oe/aa, ii
?ieaoNa?aaei?199219931994199519961997O?iaeaeI?e??nooe/aa%1.Eiio?ieue2522
08281415426399330—2.150 o/aa aeeie2332033244304354393441443.250 o/aa
aeeie20224335141648452637040124.?120E180288272347667521577445115355.?120
E180+15 0o/aa aeeie.220266370675632673473143436.?120E180+25 0o/aa aeeie

Na?aaei?

I?? 05 oe/aa

I?? 05 %268

244

6,3

2,58245

240

3,4

1,42398

345

9,9

2,87622

537

69,3

12,91657

524

29,4

5,61702

553

13,7

2,48482

407

9,0

2,211524,6

Aianaiiy aeia?ea oa iae?i?aio?a ia oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oioao iiceoeaii
aieeaa? ? ia ye?niee neeaae caeaii? iane. Aeey c’ynoaaiiy oeueiai
ieoaiiy aea/aee aieea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeic oinoi?ieo, eae?eieo aeia?ea ?
iae?i?aio?a ia no?oeoo?o a?iaeath caeaii? iane eoeo?oaece o oac?
iiei/ii-aineiai? noeaeino?, ai?no nooi? ?a/iaeie, a?eea ? ne?iai
i?ioa?io. O eoeo?oaece iiei/ii-aineiai? noeaeino? a?aei?/aii ca?eueoaiiy
a?aenioeo nooi? ?a/iaeie ia an?o aa??aioao ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai.
Ca?eueoeany a?aenioie ea/ai?a o no?oeoo??. sseui, iai?eeeaae, ia
eiio?ie? ea/ai?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei an??? iane aoei 24,7%, oi ia
aa??aioao 5 ? 8 ?o aoei — ia 3,7, a ia aa??aioao 9, 10 — ia 4,4 ? ia
aa??aio? 12 — ia 6% a?eueoa. Oinoi?i?, eae?ei? aeia?eaa ? iae?i?aioe
ca?eueoothoue e?euee?noue ea/ai?a ia eiaei?e ?ineei?, ni?eyoeeai
iicia/athoueny ia ai?no? a?eea ? oeoe?o, ui ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy i?e
neeinoaaii? caeaii? iane eoeo?oaece. Canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ?
iae?i?aio?a ni?eyei cia/iiio ca?eueoaiith cai?o ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue.

Ioaea, i?e aianaii? aeia?ea ? iae?i?aio?a ia oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oioao
iiaeia i?aeaeueoe a?iaeaei?noue neeinii? iane, ? ?? ei?iiao oe?ii?noue.

3.3. Aieea oinoi?ieo ? eae?eieo aeia?ea oa iae?i?aio?a ia

iaeiie/aiiy ?aae?ioeac?th ?ineeiaie eoeo?oaece.

Aianaiiy oinoi?ieo ? eae?eieo aeia?ea ? iae?i?aio?a cia/ii aieeaa? ia
o?eueee ia aaee/eio a?iaeaeiino?, ye?noue i?iaeoeoe??, aea e ia
iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ?aae?ioeac?th ?ineeiaie eoeo?oaece. Aaaaoi??/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaiaeyoue aenieo aoaeoeai?noue eae?eieo aeia?ea ia
?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieo caieyo, i?e/iio ?o aoaeoeai?noue
i?aeaeuo?oueny ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aeice (?en. 1). A oie aea /an
aeiaeiaeaoeiaa aianaiiy oinoi?o i?e aenieeo aeicao eae?th ia caaaeaee
aea? i/?eoaaiee ?acoeueoao (ca aeaieie aeine?aeaeaiue 1994 oa 1996 ??.).
Ui noino?oueny aianaiiy naiii?oo, oeaie?oo oa aeeie, oi an? aac aeiyoeo
iae?i?aioe iiceoeaii aieeaathoue ia ye?noue i?iaeoeoe?? c oi/ee ci?o
?aae?aoe?eii? aaciaee. I?e oeueiio ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aeice aeoeai?noue
?aae?ioeac?th a c?aceao ciaiooaaeany, iniaeeai ia aa??aioao, aea
aiineeeny oinoi?i? oa eae?ei? aeia?eaa. Aiaeii/an iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe,
ui aianaiiy ?120 E180 ia aa??aio? aac iae?i?aio?a aeaei aeu? ?acoeueoaoe
ii??aiyii ?c aa??aioaie, aea aiineee eeoa iae?i?aioe a aeicao 15 o/aa
naiii?oo aai oeaie?oo oa 150 o/aa aeeie. Ioaea, aeoiaey/e c oeueiai,
iaiao?aeii aiineoe iae?i?aioe c oinoi?ieie oa eae?eieie aeia?eaaie (?120
E180) aai ca?eueooaaoe ii?ie naiii?oo ? oeaie?oo aei 25 o/aa, a aeeie
aei 250 o/aa, uia io?eiaoe iaea?eueoee aoaeo.

Aa?iaia?aaoe/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy eoeo?oaece ia ?aae?iaeoeaii
caa?oaeiaieo oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oioao.

Aaaeeeaei e?eoa???i ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae e?euee?noth aaeiai? aia?a??,
iaa?iiaaeaeaii? o ae?iuai?e i?iaeoeoe??, ? noie aia?a??, cao?a/aii? ia
?? iaea?aeaiiy. Oea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ae?aaea?oueny eio?oe??ioii
aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino?. A ia?oiio aeine?ae? oeae iieaciee ia
aa??aioao c aianaiiyi oinoi?ieo ? eae?eieo aeia?ea noaiiaeoue 9,7—11,5,
ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?o aenieo aia?aia?aeaea/o. A aeine?aeao aea aiinyoueny
naiii?o ? oeaie?o, eiao?oe??io aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iaea?aeaee a
iaaeao 5,1—6,5, a i?e aianaii? 150 ? 250 o/aa aeeie a?i aeineoue
iecueeee ? noaiiaeoue 0,8—1,2. A no?oeoo?? aeo?ao noeoiii? aia?a??
iaea?eueoo ieoiio aaao ia? iaeueia — 45,7—57,4% — a ia?oiio aeine?ae? oa
34—53% — a aeine?aeao 2,3, a a aeine?ae? 4 81—89% caeiathoue iae?i?aioe.

A aeine?ae? 1 a?aei?/aii c?inoaiiy ieoiii? /anoee aeia?ea o no?oeoo??
aia?aiaeo?ao i?e aeiaeaoeiaiio aianaii?. Oae /anoea i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea
o noeoiieo aeo?aoao aia?a?? ca?eueoo?oueny c 13,5 (aa??aio 2) aei 24,2%
(aa?. 12). Aeiiii?/iee aiae?c aeo?ao iaeueiiai ia 1 oe e?ioeaai?
i?iaeoeoe?? i?e aianaii? aeia?ea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aeo?aoe iaeueiiai
ia ae?iaieoeoai 1 oe caeaii? iane eoeo?oaece ciaioothoueny. I?e aianaii?
15—25 o/aa iae?i?aio?a aeo?aoe iaeueiiai ia 1oe i?iaeoeoe?? noaiiaeyoue
0,38—0,37 ea. I?e canoinoaaii? ?120 E180 ye naiino?eii, oae ? ?acii c
iae?i?aioaie aeo?aoe iaeueiiai noaiiaeyoue0,34 ea ia 1oe e?ioeaai?
i?iaeoeoe??. I?e canoinoaaii? aeeie aeo?aoe iaeueiiai ia 1oe i?iaeoeoe??
ia aa??aioao, aea aiineeenue 150—250 o/aa aeeie, noaiiaeyoue 0,50—0,54
ea/oe.

Aeniiaee.

Aiae?c a?o/eciyii? oa ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e, ocaaaeueiaiiy aeeeaaeaieo
a aeena?oaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
(1992—1997 ??.) i?e ae?iuoaaii? iiiieoeueoo?ith eoeo?oaece aeicaiey?
c?iaeoe oae? iniiai? aeniiaee.

1. A?oioia? oa ee?iaoe/i? oiiae ciie Iie?nny, a oaeiae aeniea
caa?oaeiai?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue ?aae?iioee?aeaie
aeiaaa? oaeineiiaeaiiy aa?ioaoi?ee ae?iuoaaiiy ei?iiaeo eoeueoo?, c
o?aooaaiiyi ?o a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae aeey iaea?aeaiiy aenieeo
a?iaea?a c i?i?iaeueiei ai?noii ?aae?ioeac?th. Oi?oiai-aieioi? a?oioe
i?e ?aoe?iiaeueiiio aeei?enoaii? oa i?aaeeueiiio canoinoaaii?
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ? iae?i?aio?a caaacia/o? io?eiaiiy a?iaeath 48—67
o/aa c aenieith ye?noth ei?i?a c eoeo?oaece.

2. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ?aae?iioee?aee a oiiaao iieeoeaaiai
ia?ia?oeo oa aeinoaoiueiai caieiaeaiiy a?oioo a?aecia/athoueny cia/iith
?ooii?noth, ?cioiie oeac?th aoee aeyaeai? ii i?io?eth a?oioo aei aeoaeie
100 ni. I?e oeueiio cia/ia /anoea c ieo ciaoiaeeoueny a oa?? (40—60
ni.). Oea na?ae/eoue i?i iinooiiaa iane/aiiy i?aei?ieo oa??a a?oioo
?ooiieie oi?iaie ?aae?ioeac?th.

3. Ia ??no, ?icaeoie oa a?iaeaeiino? caeaii? iane eoeo?oaece i?e
ae?iuoaaii? ia oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oioao, aa?iee?iaoe/i? oiiae iathoue
a?eueoee aieea i?ae i?e ae?iuoaaii? ia i?ia?aeueieo a?oioao, iniaeeai ia
ii/aoeo aaaaoaoe??.

4. Canoinoaaiiy oinoi?ieo ? eae?eieo aeia?ea iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia
i?aeaeuaiiy a?iaeaeiino? caeaii? iane eoeo?oaece. Oae i?e aianaii?
oinoi?ieo aeia?ea a aeic? 120—180 ea oa eae?eieo 240—300 ea ia aa ae.?.
a?iaeaei?noue eoeo?oaece i?aeaeueeany ia 73—89% ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai.

5. Noi?nia canoinoaaiiy naiii?o?a, oa oinoi?ieo ? eae?eieo aeia?ea
aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue eoeo?oaece. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
no?eeee iiceoeaiee aoaeo i?e aeei?enoaii? iae?i?aioa niinoa??aa?oueny
ii/eiath/e c o?aoueiai ?ieo i?ney eiai aianaiiy. Iaeaeuee i?e??no 151
oe/aa io?eiaii i?e aianaii? oinoi?ieo ? eae?eieo aeia?ea ii oiio
iae?i?aioa (25 o/aa naiii?oo+?120 E180).

Aiaeia?/i? aeniiaee, nie?ath/enue ia ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, iiaeia
c?iaeoe noiniaii oeaie?o?a.

6. Aoaeo a?ae aeeioaaiiy ye c aeia?eaaie, oae ? aac iueiai aeyaeany
ii/eiath/e c ae?oaiai ?ieo i?ney canoinoaaiiy. ?noioiee i?e??no
i?iaeoeoe?? — 46% io?eiaiee i?e ii?aeiaii? aeeioaaiiy c ?120 E180.

7. Oinoi?i? ? eae?ei? aeia?eaa iie?auothoue ye?noue a?iaeath eoeo?oaece
ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy a no?oeoo?e a?iaeath /anoee ea/ai?a, oiaoi
a?aeaoaaeiny iane/aiiy neeinii? iane iaeae?eueo oe?iiei eiiiiiaioii.
Iaeii/anii c?inoa? ? ai?no nooi? ?a/iaeie ia 0,5—3,2%.

8. Iae?i?aioe ca?eueooaaee /anoeo ea/ai?a a no?oeoo?? a?iaeath ia
0,9—4,4% i?e canoinoaaii? ??cieo aeic naiii?o?a (ia eiio?ie? 23,4%) aei
1,1—5,5% ii??aiyii ?c 24,5% i?e canoinoaaii? oeaie?oo ia 1,4—5,9% i?e
aeeioaaii?. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui iaea?eueoee i?e??no io?eiaee i?e
ii?aeiaii? aianaiiy iae?i?aio?a ? i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea.

9. Ui noino?oueny cieaeaiiy iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ?aae?ioeac?th, oi
aaaaoi??/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaiaeyoue aenieo aoaeoeai?noue oinoi?ieo ?
eae?eieo aeia?ea (cieaeaiiy iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy a 2—4 ?ace). I?e oeueiio c
i?aeaeuaiiyi aeice i?aeaeuo?oueny aoaeoai?noue caoiaeo.

10. Canoinoaaiiy iae?i?aio?a iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia ye?noue i?iaeoeoe?? c
oi/ee ci?o ?aae?aoe?eii? aaciaee. I?e oeueiio iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei
aeyaeeiny ii?aeiaiiy oinoi?ieo ? eae?eieo aeia?ea c iae?i?aioaie.

11. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe e ioe?iea ii i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? yeino?
eoeo?oaece i?e ae?iuoaaii? iiiieoeueoo?ith ia oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oioao
iieacaee, ui iaea?eueoee eiao?oe??io aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
a?aei?/aii ia aa??aioao ?120 E300, ?180 E300 a?aeiia?aeii i?e
aia?aiaeo?aoao 20,6 ? 22,4 a Aeae/aa. I?e canoinoaaii? oinoi?ieo ?
eae?eieo aeia?ea oa iae?i?aio?a iaee?auee iieaciee aia?aaoe/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? a?aei?/aii ia aa??aioao 15 o/aa naiii?o?a+?120 E180.

I?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao. Aaaaoi??/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue aeaoe ae?iaieoeoao oae? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Ia oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oioao, u?euei?noue caa?oaeiaiiy yeeo ?aae?ioeac??i
ia ia?aaeuo? 5 E?/ea.ei. aeey iaea?aeaiiy aenieeo a?iaea?a caeaii? iane
eoeo?ocaee 48—67 o/aa, aea ai?no ?aae?ioeac?th ia ia?aaeuo? OAe?-1998
?ieo aeey A?O iiei/iiai ? i’yniiai iai?yie?a ne?ae canoiniaoaaoe
oaeineiiaeaio oaoiieia?th, yea ia?aaeaa/a? i?aieo aieioiei ieoaii aei 40
ni c iine?aeoth/ei aianaiiyi iae?i?aio?a (naiii?o?a, oeaie?o?a) 15—25
o/aa oa ui??/ii ia?aae n?aaith oinoi?ieo ? eae?eieo aeia?ea a aeic? —
P120—180, E 240—300).

NIENIE ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Oauaiei A. I. Aieea iae?i?aio?a oa i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ?aae?ioeac?th ?ineeiaie eoeo?oaece ia
oi?oiai-aieioiiio a?oio? //A?niee Aa?a?ii? Iaoee. — 1998. — ? 6 n. 84,
86, 88.

2. Aeno?eoeueeee A. N., Iaenoa? A. A., Oauaiei A. I., Aca?aieiaa A. N.,
Naeae I. ?. Aieea aeia?ea oa iae?i?aio?a ia iaeiie/aiiy oeac?th-137
?ineeiaie eoeo?oaece //Iaoiaee/iee iin?aiee c i?aai?caoe?? i?iaaaeaiiy
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o a aaeoc? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
?aae?ieia??. — E., 1992. — N. 106—107.

3. Oauaiei A. I., Ieneianueea I. ?. A?iaia?aaoe/ia aoaeoai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy aeia?ea ? ni?aaio?a a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy.
//A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee. — 1998 ? 11 no. 84—85.

4. Oauaiei A. I. ?aae?ieia?/iee iii?oi?eia eoeiianiaeuieo-oa?aeue
i?ai?/ieo ?aeii?a AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano?. Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue AeAAO. —
AEeoiie?, 1998. — ? 1 n. 51.

5. Oauaiei A. I., Ni?iea TH. A. Aa?oeeaeueia i?a?aoe?y ?aae?ioeac?th ia
oi?oi-aieioieo a?oioao. //Ca??iee iaoeiaeo ?ia?o iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii?
eiioa?aioe??. “Noaoooiee ?icaeoie aa?iaeieia?/ieo nenoai a oiiaao
iaiaaeaiiai ?ano?niiai caaacia/aiiy”. ?inoeooo aa?iaeieia?? oa
a?ioaoiieia?? OAAI. Ee?a 1998 n. 222.

6. Oauaiei A. I., Ni?iea TH. A., Ieneianueea I. ?. ?aae?ieia?/iee
iai?oi?eia ei?iiaeo oa?aeue ?aae?aoe?eii-caa?oaeiaieo ?aeii?a
AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano?. //Ca??iee iaoeiaeo ?ia?o iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “Noaeee ?icaeoie aa?iaeieia?/ieo nenoai a oiiaao
iaiaaeaiiai ?ano?niiai caaacia/aiiy”. ?inoeooo aa?iaeieia?? oa
a?ioaoiieia?e OAAI Ee?a 1998. n. 223—224.

7. Niaaeee A. O., Iaenoa? A. A., Auno?eoeueeee A. N., Oauaiei A. I.
Iaeiieaiea ?aaeeioeacey eoeo?ocie a caaeneiinoe io oaeia?aiee e
iaeei?aioia ia oi?oyiuo ii/aao (Oacenu aeieeaaeia aoi?ie
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee “I?iaeaiu naeueneioicyenoaaiiie
?aaeeiaeieiaee Aeanyoue eao nionoy iinea aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AAN”.
— AEeoiie?, 1996. — n. 53—54.

8. Auno?eoeeee A. N., Aeai/oe E. A., Iaeaiei I. A., Oauaiei A. I.
Aeeyiea eiiieaena aa?iiaeei?aoeaiuo ia?ii?eyoee ia i?iaeoeoeaiinoue
eoaia e ianoaeu e nieaeaiey iaeiieaiey ?aaeeioeacey a i?iaeoeoeee
//Oacenu aeieeaaeia aoi?ie iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee “I?iaeaiu
naeueneioicyenoaaiiie ?aaeeiaeieiaee) Aeanyoue eao nionoy iinea aaa?ee
ia *a?iiaueueneie AAN”. — AEeoiie?, 1996. — n. 14—16.

Oauaiei A. I. Aieea aeia?ea ? iae?i?aio?a ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue, ye?noue ?
iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ?aae?ioeac?th a o?iaea? caeaii? iane eoeo?oaece ia
oi?oi-aieioieo a?oioao Iie?nny Oe?a?ie. ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe
ii niaoe?aeueiino? 03.00.16 Aeieia?y. Aea?aeaaia aa?iaeieia?/ia
aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, i. AEeoiie?, 1998.

Aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe oanoe??/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao aeic oinoi?ieo,
eae?eieo aeia?ea, naiii?o?a, oeaie?o?a ? aeeie oa ?o ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue, ye?noue oa cieaeaiiy iaeiie/aiiy ?aae?ioeac?th
caeaiith ianith eoeo?oaece ia oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oioao Iie?nny Oe?a?ie.
Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui ia ?aae?iaeoeaii caa?oaeiaieo
oi?oiai-aieioieo a?oioao iiceoeaiee aieea ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue eoeo?oaece
ia? aianaiiy oinoi?ieo ? eae?eieo aeia?ea o ni?aa?aeiioaii? ?120-180
E240—300 c iaeiaioei iaaeoiaeaeaiiyi ?aae?ioeac?th a eoeo?oaece.
Canoinoaaiiy iae?i?aio?a ?acii ?c oinoi?ieie oa eae?eieie aeia?eaaie
ciaioothoue iaeiie/aiiy ?aae?ioeac?th a caeai?e ian? eoeo?oaece a 2—5
?ac?a ? iiceoeaii aieeaathoue ia o?iaeaei?noue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eoeo?oaeca, aeia?eaa, iae?i?aioe, a?iaeae, ye?noue,
?aae?ioeac?e, iaeiie/aiiy, oi?oiai-aieioi? a?oioe, aeiiii?/ia ?
aia?aaoe/ia ioe?iea.

Oauaiei A. I. Aeeyiea oaeia?aiue e iaeei?aioia ia i?iaeoeoeaiinoue e
ea/anoai caeaiie iannu eoeo?oaecu e iaeiieaiea ?aaeeioeacey a o?iaeaa ia
oi?oiai-aieioiuo ii/aao Iieanuey Oe?aeiu. ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia
nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.16 Aeieiaey. Ainoaea?noaaiiay aa?iaeieiae/aneay
aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu, a. AEeoiie?, 1998.

Eceiaeaiu aeaiiua oanoeeaoieo enneaaeiaaiee aeeyiee aeic oinoi?iuo,
eaeeeiuo oaeia?aiee, naiiieoia, oeaieeoia e aeeiu e eo niioiioaiea ia
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, ea/anoai e nieaeaiea iaeiieaiey ?aaeeioeacey caeaiie
iannie eoeo?oaecu ia oi?oi-aieioiuo ii/aao Iieanuey Oe?aeiu.
Onoaiiaeaii: ia ?aaeeiaeoeaii ca?aaeaiiuo oi?oi-aieioiuo ii/aao eo/oaa
aeeyiea ia i?iaeoeoeaiinoue eoeo?ocu eiaao aianaiea oinoi?iuo e eaeeeiuo
oaeia?aiee o niioiioaiee ?120-180 E240—300 n iaeiaiueoei iinooieaieai
?aaeeioeacey a eoeo?oca. Eniieueciaaiea iaeei?aioia aianoa n oinoi?iuie
e eaeeeiuie oaeia?aieyie oiaiueoaaony iaeiieaiea ?aaeeioeacey a caeaiie
ianna eoeo?ocu a 2—5 ?ac e iieiaeeoaeueii aeeyao ia o?iaeaeiinoue.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eoeo?oca, oaeia?aiey, iaeei?aiou, o?iaeae, ea/anoai,
?aaeeioeacee, iaeiieaiea, oi?oi-aieioiua ii/au, aeiiiie/iay e
aia?aaoe/iay ioeaiea.

V.p. Feschenko. Influence of fertilisers and ameliorants on cropping
capacity and guality of green maige as well as on accumulation of
radiocaesium bu the crop when groun on peaty bog soils in Ukrainian
Polissia. Manuscript. The thesis fov the degree of Candidate of
Agricultural Science. Speciaalisation 03.00.16 _ Ecology. The State
Academy of Agricslture and Ecology of Ukraine. Zhytomyr, 1998.

The paper presents the data of a 6-ycar study of the influence of
phosporic and potash fertiligers, saponites, zeolites and gley, their
rates and ratio on cropping capacity, guality and reduction of
radiocaesium accumulated by green maise grown on peaty bog, soils in
Ukrainian Polissya. It has breen fonnd that on radioactively
contaminated pecity bog soils the best effect on maise yiclding capacity
was produced by the application of phosphoric and potash fertilisers
with H120-180:R240-300 ratio resultting in the lowest uptake of
radiocaesium by the crop. When using ameliorants in combination with
phosporic and potash fertilisers, the accumulation of radiocaesium by
green maise was 2-5 times less, thus influcncing the yiclds
respectively.

Key words: maise, fertilisers, ameliorants, yield, guality, radiocaesim,
accumulation, peaty bog soils, economic and growing capacity evaluation.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo OI.98 ?. Oi?iao 60o90/16.

Oe?aae 100 O??ia “Ae?oe” i. Ei?inoaiue

o. 4-13-22.

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