.

Вплив атмосфери на віддалемірні спостереження штучних супутників Землі: Автореф. дис… канд. фіз.-мат. наук / Н.І. Каблак, НАН України. Голов. астрон

Язык: украинский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 2183
Скачать документ

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

AIEIAIA ANO?IIII?*IA IANA?AAOI??ss

Eaaeae Iaoae?y ?aai?aia

Aieea aoiinoa?e ia a?aeaeaeai??i? niinoa?aaeaiiy ooo/ieo noiooiee?a
Caie?

01.03.01-ano?iiao??y ? iaaania iaoai?ea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Oaeai?iae-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iioeee a eaai?aoi??? eini?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, I?iina?oe
Oe?a?ie, a Aieiai?e ano?iiii?/i?e iana?aaoi??? Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai??
iaoe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: -aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe Ie?iiia Ieeiea
O?ioeiiae/,

Aieiaia ano?iiii?/ia iana?aaoi??y Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe
Oe?a?ie,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: -aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ia?/aiei
Ieaenaiae? Ieeieaeiae/, Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, i?ioani?

-eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
Iaaeaaoeueeee Ieoaeei Ieoaeeiae/, Aieiaia ano?iiii?/ia iana?aaoi??y
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Ano?iiii?/ia iana?aaoi??y Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.O.A.Oaa/aiei

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “22” ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.208.01 i?e AAI IAI Oe?a?ie. Ii/aoie
can?aeaiiy i 10 aiaeei? o aaeeeiio eiioa?aioe-cae? AAI ca aae?anith:

252650, Ee?a-22, Aiein??a, AAI IAI Oe?a?ie.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? AAI IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ” 22 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

e.o.-i.iaoe Aon?aa I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeieeaa? ?c iaiao?aeiino? ?icaeoeo oaoiieia??
aeaiieo eaca?ieo oa ?aae?ioaoi?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ooo/ieo noiooiee?a
Caie? (ONC), i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? iiaeaeae ?aaeoeoe?e ca aieea
aoiinoa?e, a?aooaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo oa eieaeueieo iniaeeainoae
?ao?aeoe?eiiai iiey, ui a?aeiia?aea? caaea/ai no/aniiai ?icaeoeo
eini?/ii? aaiaeac?? ? ciaoiaeeoue a?aeia?aaeaiiy a oaiaoeoe?
i?aeia?iaeieo neiiic?oi?a, i?iaeo?a, i?ia?ai: I?aeia?iaeii? neoaeae
iaa?oaiiy Caie? (INIC), Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie “Noai?aiiy oa ?icaeoie
aea?aeaaii? neoaeae ?aeeiiai /ano ? aoaeiiieo /anoio Oe?a?ie” oa ?ioeo
iaoe?iiaeueieo i?iaeo?a.

?nio? aaeeea e?euee?noue eiie?aoieo iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy aoiinoa?ii?
iii?aaee aei ?acoeueoao?a ano?iiiii- aaiaeace/ieo aei???a, ?ic?iaeaieo
a/aieie Oe?a?ie, ?in?? oa ?ioeo ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i (?.A.Eie/einueeee,
?.?.Iio?oie/, I.O.Ie?iiia, I.O.Iaetha?i, A.A.Iaoaaeue?aa,
A.E.Ino?ianueeee, I.A.I?ieiiia, A.A.Oaaaeueieeia, A.A.Oaiaeo?ia,
E.N.THiioaa, Aeae.Aneia, A.Aaea?, I.Aaiaea?, O.A?thiia?, Aeae.Aeaa?n,
E.Aa?aeia?, A.Oiio?eueae, Aeae.Ith??ae, ss.Naanoaiieiai oa ?io?).

Aeey aecia/aiiy aoiinoa?ii? iii?aaee iaeoi/i?oeie aaaaeathoueny iiaeae?
Naanoaiieiaia oa Ia??i?-Ith??ay, ye? caaacia/othoue oi/i?noue aecia/aiiy
a?aeaeae? aei ONC aeae?eueea naioeiao??a i?e cai?oi?e a?aenoai? ii?yaeeo
70°-80°. Ia?aa??ea a?aeiinii? oi/iino? iiaeae? Ma??i?-Mth??ay, yeo INIC
aeei?enoiao? ye noaiaea?o i?e ii?aoethaaii? eaca?ieo a?aeaeaeai??ieo
niinoa?aaeaiue ONC, aoea i?iaaaeaia aeey ?aa?iio NOA, a oaeiae aeaui
i?ci?oa aeey ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie ia i?/iee /an aeiae.

?icaeoie aeaiieo eaca?ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC, i?aeaeuaiiy
?ino?oiaioaeueii? oi/iino? eaca?ieo aei??thaaiue a?aenoaiae aei ONC aei
1-5 ii, ?icaeoie ?aae?ioaoi?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue (GPS- niinoa?aaeaiiy),
oa aeeiiaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo iaoe?iiaeueieo i?ia?ai ? i?iaeo?a coiiaeee
iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

CA’ssCIE ?IAIOE C IAOEIAEIE I?IA?AIAIE, IEAIAIE, OAIAIE.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aieao caaaeaiue aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie “Noai?aiiy oa
?icaeoie neoaeae ?aeeiiai /ano ? aoaeiiieo /anoio Oe?a?ie”, iaoeiai-
aeine?aeieoeueeeo oai Aieiaii? ano?iiii?/ii? iana?aaoi???
Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie (AAI IAIO), eiiieaeniiai
i?aeia?iaeiiai oa i?aeaoc?anueeiai i?iaeoo “Cae?i/aiiy noai?aiiy ia?aae?
eaca?ii- eieaoe?eieo noaioe?e aeey niinoa?aaeaiiy ONC ia oa?eoi???
Oe?a?ie aeey ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue c aaio?ceee, aaiaeac??, ea?oia?ao??,
iaa?aaoe??, aaieia??, aeieia?? oa iaoai?ieia??” oa a ?aieao iaoeiai-
aeine?aeieoeueeeo ?ia?o eaai?aoi??? eini?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? aeai?eoie ? i?ia?aie, ooi/iaia iiaeaeue
Ia??i?- Ith??ae, ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiinoa?ieo ?aaeoeoe?e o
a?aenoaiue ca aeaieie aeaiieo aa?ieia?/ieo ciiaeoaaiue aoiinoa?e
ia?aaeai? a AAI IAI Oe?a?ie oa ia eaoaae?o I?yo?anueeiai Oi?aa?neoaoo
(Neiaae?y). ?o oaeiae iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey aeei?enoaiiy i?e
ia?iaoe? a?aeaeaeai??ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC ia ioieoao noai?thaaii?
i?aeaoc?anueei? ia?aae? eaca?ii- eieaoe?eieo noaioe?e, a oaeiae iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? i?e noai?aii? iaoe?iiaeueii? ia?aae? aaiaeeiai?/ieo
noaioe?e oa ii?aoethaaii? ?acoeueoao?a ao?iiiii- aaiaeace/ieo
niinoa?aaeaiue.

IAOA ? CAAeA*? AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe – a?eueo oi/ia a?aooaaiiy aieeao aoiinoa?e
ia ?acoeueoaoe a?aeaeaeai??ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC o ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie a
aeaiiee /an aeiae.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoea aecia/aia iaiao?aei?noue
?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo eiie?aoieo caaea/:

1. Aeine?aeeoe, aeei?enoiaoth/e noa?e/ii- neiao?e/io oa ianoa?e/io
iiaeae?, aieea caiii? aoiinoa?e ia ?acoeueoaoe a?aeaeaeai??ieo eaca?ieo
oa GPS- niinoa?aaeaiue ONC ca iaea?aeaieie ai?iaeiaae ?ieo aeaieie
aeaiieo aa?ieia?/ieo ciiaeoaaiue aoiinoa?e o ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie oa a
Aoaeaiaoo?.

2. I?iaanoe ioe?ieo oa aiae?c iiaeaeae ?aaeoeoe?e ca aoiinoa?o,
?aeiiaiaeiaaieo INIC aeey ia?iaee a?aeaeaeai??ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC.

3. Ni?anoaaeoe ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aoiinoa?e ia
a?aeaeaeai??i? eaca?i? niinoa?aaeaiiy ONC o i?/iee oa aeaiiee /an aeiae.

4. Aeine?aeeoe ? oaeineiiaeeoe iiaeae? ?aaeoeoe?e ca aoiinoa?o ia
iniia? aeyaeaieo ?aa?iiaeueieo ? eieaeueieo iniaeeainoae aieeao
aoiinoa?e ia eaca?i? ? ?aae?ia?aeaeaeai??i? niinoa?aaeaiiy ONC.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

A ?iaio? aia?oa ca aeaieie aeaiieo aa?ieia?/ieo ciiaeoaaiue aoiinoa?e:

1. Aeine?aeaeaii ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? oa i?inoi?iai- /ania?
aa??aoe?? aoiinoa?ieo iii?aaie aei ?acoeueoao?a eaca?ieo oa
?aae?ia?aeaeaeai??ieo aei???a o ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie.

2. I?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo oa aiae?c ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo INIC noaiaea?oieo
iiaeaeae aeey ?aaeoeoe?e ca aeaiio aoiinoa?o i?e a?aeaeaeai??ieo
niinoa?aaeaiiyo ONC.

3. Ooi/iaia noaiaea?oia iiaeaeue Ia??i?-Ith??ae aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy
aaee/eie iii?aaee ca aieea aoiinoa?e i?e eaca?ieo a?aeaeaeai??ieo
niinoa?aaeaiiyo ONC aeey ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie.

4. Aeeiiaii ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a ioe?iee oa aiae?co noaiaea?oieo
iiaeaeae ca aeaieie i?/ieo ? aeaiieo aa?ieia?/ieo ciiaeoaaiue aoiinoa?e.

5. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea ai?noo aiaeyii? ia?e ia ?acoeueoaoe
?a?aeioaoi?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC.

6. Aeine?aeaeaii ? a?aoiaaii ?aa?iiaeuei? oa eieaeuei? iniaeeaino?
?ao?aeoe?eiiai iiey a iiaeaeyo ?aaeoeoe?e ca aoiinoa?o i?e eaca?ieo oa
?aae?ia?aeaeaeai??ieo niinoa?aaeaiiyo ONC.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*AIIss IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aoiinoa?e ia ?acoeueoaoe eaca?ieo ?
?aae?ioaoi?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC ca aeaieie aeaiieo aa?ieia?/ieo
ciiaeoaaiue a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai no/aniiai ?icaeoeo eini?/ii? aaiaeac??,
noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? ia?aae? aaiaeeiai?i/eo noaioe?e ? oaoiieia??
aeaiieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui ca aeaieie
aa?ieia?/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy aoiinoa?e o ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie aeine?aeaeaii
aoiinoa?io iii?aaeo o a?aeaeaeue aei ONC, ooi/iaii oi?ioeo
Ia??i?-Ith??ae, yea ?aeiiaiaeiaaia INIC ye noaiaea?o i?e ia?iaoe?
eaca?ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ? aeine?aeaeaii aieea iaeo?aeueii? aoiinoa?e i?e
GPS-niinoa?aaeaiiyo.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey iaoiaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy ano?iiii?/ieo iana?aaoi??e, noaioe?e eaca?ieo noiooieeiaeo
niinoa?aaeaiue, oeaio??a ia?iaee ano?iiao?e/ieo aeaieo, a oaeiae
iiaeooue aooe aeeth/ai? aei iaa/aeueieo eo?n?a aoc?a, ui aioothoue
oao?aoe?a ?c ano?iiii?? oa aaiaeac??.

Iaea?aeai? a aeena?oaoe?? ?acoeueoaoe ?aae?ciaaii a i?ia?aiiiio
caaacia/aii? aeey ?ic?aooieo iii?aaie ca aoiinoa?o i?e ano?iiiii-
aaiaeace/ieo niinoa?aaeaiiyo.

AeINOIA??I?NOUe ? IAA?OIOIAAI?NOUe IAOEIAEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A ? AENIIAE?A

noi?ioeueaaieo a aeena?oaoe??, ia?aa??yeenue oeyoii ii??aiyiiy c
a?aeiieie c e?oa?aoo?e ?acoeueoaoaie ?ioeo aaoi??a, ia?iaee aaeeeeo
ianea?a aei??thaaiue, ? caaacia/ai? ei?aeoiei aeei?enoaiiyi noaoenoe/ieo
? iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a oa ae?oeiaai?noth ?acoeueoao?a.

INIAENOEE AIANIE CAeIAOAA*A iieyaa? a aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? a
iinoaiiaoe? caaea/, ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a ?o ?ica’ycaiiy, i?iaaaeaii?
aiae?oe/ieo oa /enaeueieo ?ic?aooie?a, aiae?c? oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, oi?ioethaaii? aeniiae?a, i?aeaioiaoe?
iaoa??ae?a aei ioae?eaoe??.

IA CAOENO AEIINssOUeNss:

1. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aoiinoa?e ia eaca?i? ?
?aae?ioaoi?/i? a?aeaeaeai??i? niinoa?aaeaiiy ONC ca aeaieie 468 aeaiieo
aa?ieia?/ieo ciiaeoaaiue aoiinoa?e a Oaeai?iae?, Ee?a?, Eueaia?,
Oaiao?aoe?, N?ioa?iiie?, *a?i?aoeyo, Iaean? oa Aoaeaiaoo?.

2. ?acoeueoaoe ioe?iee oa aiae?co noaiaea?oii? iiaeae? ?aaeoeoe?e ca
aoiinoa?o, ?aeiiaiaeiaaii? INIC.

3. Ii??aiyiiy oa aiae?c noaiaea?oieo iiaeaeae aoiinoa?ieo ?aaeoeoe?e o
a?aeaeaeue aei ONC ia iniia? ia?iaee aeaieo i?/ieo ? aeaiieo
aa?ieia?/ieo ciiaeoaaiue aoiinoa?e.

4. Ooi/iai? iiaeae? ?aaeoeoe?? ca aoiinoa?o c o?aooaaiiyi aeyaeaieo
?aa?iiaeueieo ? eieaeueieo iniaeeainoae aieeao aoiinoa?e ia
a?aeaeaeai??i? niinoa?aaeaiiy ONC.

5. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoee?a ?ciiaei?/ieo iiaa?oiiue ? aaeeeiianooaaieo
ai?eciioaeueieo a?aae??io?a ?ao?aeoe??, ?o ci?ie c /anii oa aenioith
iaae ??aiai ii?y.

6. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ai?noo aiaeyii? ia?e ia ?acoeueoaoe
?aae?ia?aeaeaeai??ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeENA?OAOe??

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e Eiioa?aioe?? “O?ceea I?nyoey ? ieaiao”
(Oa?e?a,1994), Iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??, i?ena’y/ai?e 225-?e ??/ieoe?
canioaaiiy ano?iiii?/ii? iana?aaoi??? Euea?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(Euea?a, 1994), I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? “Iaa?oaiiy Caie? ? nenoaie
a?aee?eo a aaiaeeiai?oe?” (Iieueoa, Aa?oaaa,1995), ia ???-io c’?cae?
Oe?a?inueei? Ano?iiii?/ii? Anioe?aoe?? (Ee?a,1995), Oe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai- oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iao?ieia?y a aaiaeac??” (Oa?e?a, 1996),
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 125-?e ??//th
Ano?iiii?/ii? iana?aaoi??? Iaeanueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo “No/ani? i?iaeaie
ano?iiii??” (Iaeana,1996), ia /aoaa?oiio c’?cae? Oe?a?inueei?
Ano?iiii?/ii? Anioe?aoe?? (Ee?a,1997), ??-e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
iai’yo? A.O.Aaa?y “Aea?ai? ieoaiiy ano?iiii?? oa ano?io?ceee”
(Euea?a,1998), iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao AAI IAIO, a oaeiae ia ui??/ieo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a oa iaoeiaeo ni?a?ia?oiee?a o?ce/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo OaeAeO (1995-1998??).

IOAE?EAOe??. Ii iaoa??aeao aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 11 ?ia?o, ye?
i?eaaaeai? iai?ee?ioe? aaoi?aoa?aoo.

NO?OEOO?A OA IANssA AeENA?OAOe??

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ?
nieneo e?oa?aoo?e. Aiia i?noeoue 133 noi??iie ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, 19
?enoie?a, 9 oaaeeoeue, a oaeiae nienie e?oa?aoo?e c 109 iaeiaioaaiue.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa ?iaioe,
aecia/aia iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a, iiaeai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, a
oaeiae noenea aiioaoe?y ?iaioe.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e ca oaiith. C iaoith
i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? ano?iiiii-aaiaeace/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue aeyaeaii
iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao aoiinoa?e ia
?acoeueoaoe a?aeaeaeai??ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ooo/ieo noiooiee?a Caie? ia
aeaiiee ia??iae aeiae a ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e, i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith aieeao aoiinoa?e ia
oi/i?noue eaca?ieo a?aeaeaeai??ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ooo/ieo noiooiee?a
Caie? (ONC).

Aoiinoa?io iii?aaeo o a?aeaeaeue i?e eaca?i?e eieaoe?? ONC iiaeia
caienaoe o oaeee niin?a:

Dr = Dr1 + Dr2 (1)

(2)

, (3)

aea N(S) = 10+6 [n(S)-1]- ?iaeaen ?ao?aeoe??,

Dz- ano?iiii?/ia ?ao?aeoe?y a aeia?euei?e oi/oe? i?inoi?iai? e?eai? S.

Oi?ioee (2) ? (3) – oea ?ioaa?aeuei? ae?ace aeey iii?aaee o a?aeaeaeue
?c-ca ci?ie oaeaeeino? iioe?aiiy ?iioeueno a aoiinoa?? Dr1 oa aeey
iii?aaee, yea a?aoiao? aee?eaeaiiy o?aaeoi??? eaca?iiai ?iioeueno
aiane?aeie ?ao?aeoe?? (aaiiao?e/ia iii?aaea), Dr2.. ?iaeaen ?ao?aeoe?? a
aeia?euei?e oi/oe? i?inoi?iai? e?eai? S iieno?oueny ooieoe??th noa?e/ieo
eii?aeeiao: aenioe h iaae ??aiai ii?y, aaia?ao?/ii? oe?ioe j ?
aaia?ao?/ii? aeiaaioe l’. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue aaee/eio iii?aaee Dr1
iiaeaoe noiith aeaio /eai?a:

Dr1 = Dr1S+Drg, (4)

aea Dr1S –iii?aaea ca ci?io oaeaeeino? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy eaca?iiai
?iioeueno i?e i?eiouaii? noa?e/ii- neiao?e/ii? iiaeae? aoiinoa?e,

Drg – iii?aaea, ui coiiaeaia a?aeoeeaiiyi i?io?e?a ?iaeaena ?ao?aeoe??
a?ae noa?e/ii? neiao???, oiaoi ?nioaaiiyi ai?eciioaeueieo a?aae??io?a
?ao?aeoe??.

Aeey noa?e/ii-neiao?e/ii? iiaeaei aoiinoa?e ia/eneaiiy iii?aaee o
aiaeaeaeue, ye noie iii?aaie Dr1S i Dr2, i?iaiaeeeinue aeey = 0.694 iei
i?e Z = 0?, 35?, 55?, 70?, 75?, 80?. I?e oeueiio aeei?enoaii 468
aa?ieiai/ieo i?ioieia iaoaiia?aiao?ia, iaea?aeaieo i?ioyaii ?ieo
i?aeoe/ii a iaeii i oi ae iiiaioe /ano (12 aiaeei Ananaioiueiai /ano) a
ynii aeii (oia?iinoue iaioa 2 aaeia) aeey 7 ioieoia ?aaiiio Oe?a?ie i
Aoaeaiaooo.

A oaaeeoei 1 iiaeaii na?aaeii aaee/eie iii?aaie Dr1S a aeineiaeaeoaaieo
ioieoao aeey ?icieo cia/aiue caiioii? aiaenoaii.

Iioeaea iioaa?oaaiiy i?e ia/eneaiii iii?aaee o aiaeaeaeue ca ciiio
oaeaeeinoi iioe?aiiy eaca?iiai aei?iiiithaaiiy o aoiinoa?i iaeaea ia
anueiio aeiai iia aciii caiioieo aiaenoaiae Z aiae 0? aei 80? noaiiaeoue
i?eaeecii 1 ii.

Iioeaea ia/eneaiiy INIC aeey ia/eneaiiy aieeao aoiinoa?e a yeino?).
Anoaiaea?oo aeei?enoiao? oi?ioeo Ia?iii-Ith??ae. Oey oi?ioea aeicaiey?
ia/eneeoe iii?aaeo ca aoiinoa?o Drm ia iniia? aei??yieo iacaiieo
cia/aiue iaoaiia?aiao?ia P0, T0, W0 a oi/oei niinoa?aaeaiue (ia iiaa?oii
Caieiiaea?aeaia aeey noa?e/ii-neiao?e/ii? iiaeaei aoiinoa?e i aea? iiaio
aoiinoa?io iii?aaeo, oiaoi aeeth/a? iii?aaeo Dr1S ca ciiio oaeaeeinoi
iioe?aiiy eaca?iiai iiioeueno /a?ac aoiinoa?o i ca aee?eaeaiiy
o?aaeoi??? Dr2. Ca aeaieie aa?ieiai/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy aoiinoa?e oieueee
o ?aaiiii NOA aoei i?iaaaeaii ia?aai?eo aiaeiinii? oi/iinoi oei??
oi?ioee.

Dr1S iaoiaeii /enaeueiiai iioaa?oaaiiy ca aeaieie aa?ieiai/iiai
ciiaeoaaiiy aoiinoa?e, iaoiiaeaia iioeaeith aeii?thaaiiy
iaoaiia?aiao?ia ? noaiiaeoue a?ey 2 ii i?e z=0° ? 9ii i?e z=80°.
Ni?anoaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aoiinoa?e ia
a?aeaeaeai??i? eaca?i? niinoa?aaeaiiy ONC a i?/iee oa aeaiiee /an aeiae
iieacaei, ui cia/aiiy Dr1S aaeaiue ? iaioei i?ae aii/? (ia 4 ni i?e
z=80°).

Oaaeeoey 1. Na?aaeii aaee/eie iii?aaie Dr1S (i) ia aea?aieo caiioieo
aiaenoaiyo a aeineiaeaeoaaieo ioieoao.

Ioieo h0,ei z, a?aae

0 35 55 70 75 80

Iaeana 0.040 2.383

±0.004 2.908

±0.004 4.148

±0.006 6.911

±0.010 9.080

±0.013 13.302

±0.020

Oaeai?iae 0.120 2.366

±0.002 2.885

±0.003 4.120

±0.004 6.873

±0.006 8.987

±0.009 13.214

±0.014

Ee?a 0.170 2.350

±0.003 2.867

±0.003 4.088

±0.005 6.818

±0.008 8.953

±0.011 13.117

±0.016

*a?i?aoe? 0.210 2.349

±0.002 2.866

±0.003 4.086

±0.004 6.814

±0.007 8.943

±0.009 13.107

±0.014

N?ioa?iiieue 0.280 2.318

±0.001 2.829

±0.002 4.033

±0.004 6.725

±0.006 8.414

±0.008 12.926

±0.015

Oaiao?aea 0.280 2.328

±0.004 2.858

±0.005 4.044

±0.007 6.744

±0.012 8.857

±0.015 12.975

±0.023

Euea?a 0.330 2.303

±0.002 2.811

±0.003 4.007

±0.004 6.602

±0.007 8.777

±0.009 12.845

±0.013

Aoaeaiaoo 0.150 2.355

±0.002 2.873

±0.002 4.097

±0.003 6.832

±0.005 8.968

±0.006 13.140

±0.015

Aaee/eia iii?aaee Dr2 caeaaeeoue a?ae z. I?e z = 80? iii?aaea i?eeia?
na?aaei? cia/aiiy i?eaeecii 3 ni ? i?e no/anieo aeiiaao aei oi/iinoi
aeii?thaaiue, cia/aiiy Dr2 iio?iaii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e ?aaeoeoe?? ii/ieo i
aeaiieo eaca?ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC. Na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia aiaeoeeaiiy
Dr2 aiae na?aaeiueiai ca ?ie ia ia?aaeuo? 2ii i?e Z = 80?.

A ?iaio? aeeiiaii ia?aa??eo oi/iino? oi?ioee Ia??i?-Ith??ae ia iniiai
268 aeaiieo cia/aiue aa?ieiai/ieo ciiaeoaaiue aoiinoa?e ia i?ioyaii
?ieo aeey naie ioieoia Oe?a?ie i ioieoa Aoaeaiaoo. Aeei?enoiaoth/e
iacaiii cia/aiiy P0, T0, W0, ia/eneaii cia/aiiy iii?aaee ca oi?ioeith
Ia?iii- Ith??ae aeey ?icieo ioieoia ciiaeoaaiiy i i?iaaaeaii
ii?iaiyiiy ?o ic cia/aiiyie aoiinoa?ii? iii?aaee Dr = Dr1S + Dr2 ,
iaea?aeaieie iaoiaeii /enaeueiiai iioaa?oaaiiy aeaieo. Oi?ioea
Ia?iii-Ith??ae aea? ci?uaia, a naia caaeuaia cia/aiiy iii?aaee Drm.
Aaee/eia ciiuaiiy aaeaiue o 1.5 – 2 ?ace ? aieueoith, iiae aii/i. I?e Z
=0? aiia noaiiaeoue 0.38 ni, a i?e Z = 80? aiaeiiaiaeii 2.7 ni. Eeoa
aeey ioieoo *a?iiaoei aii/i i aaeaiue Drm

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2020