2

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

*ANIIEIAA IAOAE?ss AIEIAeEIE??AIA

OAeE 330.111.62

AEANI?NOUe: CI?NO ? ?AOI?IOAAIIss

A O?AICEOEAI?E AEIIII?Oe?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.01.01 — aeiiii?/ia oai??y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioo aeeiiaii o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Caaei?iaeiee A?eai??e Aaneeueiae/,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? oai???

oa aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy

Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oioeia Ieeiea Iaioaeaeiiiiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee,
i?eaaoecaoe??

? i?aaa Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aeiiii?/iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie.

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

Iaeneiaiei ssia Aiaoie??aia,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e caaaeueii? aeiiii?/ii?
oai???

Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a

aeiiii?/ii? oai???, i. Aeiiaoeuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «5» 11 1999 ?ieo i 17 00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.051.01 Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310077, Oa?e?a-77, ieiua
Naiaiaee, 4, aoae. Y-67.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? OAeO, i. Oa?e?a, ieiua Naiaiaee, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «5» aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A.I. Niaie?a

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeani?noue yaey? niaith noeoii?noue aeiiii?/ieo,
th?eaee/ieo, iie?oe/ieo oa ?ioeo noni?eueieo a?aeiinei. Aiia
a?aeiineoueny aei /enea ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iniia noni?eueieo nenoai.

Ieoaiiy ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? aeoaea aeooaeueia a
o?aiceoeai?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie. Noai o?aiceoe?? ? ia i?inoi ia?aoiaeii
iinonioe?ae?noe/ieo e?a?i aei ?eieiaeo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy. A?i
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny neeaaei?noth ? ??ciiiai?oi?noth i?io?eath/eo
i?ioean?a, ye? noai?ththoue neooaoe?th iaa?aeiiino? a?aeiinii oeyo?a
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo. A?aeaoaathoueny c?ooaiiy, ui neeaaeathoueny c
iino?eieo ci?i, iiooeo ? aeyaeaiiy iiaeo oi?i ? eiia?iaoe?e.

O noa?? a?aeiinei aeaniino? noi?oue aino?a iaiao?aei?noue a?aeoiaeo
a?ae caaaeueii? aea?aeaaii? aeaniino?, ia?aoiaeo aei i?eaaoii?, a a?ae
ia? — aei ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaii?. Nooi?noue o?aiceoeaieo ci?i o
a?aeiineiao aeaniino? iio?aao? anaa?/iiai ? aeeaieiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ui aeanoue oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ae??oaiiy oeo caaaeaiue, ye? ia aoee
?ica’ycai? a oiae? ?icaea?aeaaeaiiy ? i?eaaoecaoe??: noaiiaeaiiy
?noeiiiai aeaaeeeaiai aeanieea, i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
ia’?eo?a aeaniino? a oiae? ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa ? c?inoaiiy aeioiae?a
a?ae aeaniino?.

I???ioe?ii i?e i?iaaaeaii? ?aoi?i iiaeiia noaoe i?aaiaiiy aei
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai oeio ?icaeoeo, i?e yeiio ia ia?oee ieai aeoiaeeoue
?icaeoie oa ?aae?caoe?y cae?aiinoae ?iaeea?aea, eiai oai?/a i?aoey,
oiaoi aeieea? ieoaiiy i?i noaiiaeaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?th
?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaii? aeaniino?.

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie. I?iaeaia a?aeiinei aeaniino?
caaaeaee ia?aaoaaea a oeaio?? oaaae aeine?aeiee?a
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a. Aiae?c ?? aeiiii?/ii? i?e?iaee,
i?noey ? ?ie? a noni?euenoa? ? a ?iaioao A.Ni?oa, Ae.??ea?aei, Ae.THia,
Ae.N.I?eey, O.Ii?a, O.Eaiiaiaee, I.Nai-Neiiia, E.Iaiaa?a. I?iaeaia
a?aeiinei aeaniino? cao/aea ye aea/aiiy aaaaonoaa ? cania?a eiai
i?eiiiaeaiiy o O.Iaia, I.E.Aoaaeeueaa?a, A.?.AE.Oth?ai oa ?ioeo.

Aaeeeee aianie a ?icaeoie oai??? aeaniino? c?iaea E.Ia?en, aei
niaaeueie yeiai a nai?o ?ic?iaeao caa?oaeeny aaaaoi aeine?aeiee?a oe???
i?iaeaie. O ?aaeyinuee?e aeiiii?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? ieoaiiyi aiae?co
a?aeiinei aeaniino? i?eae?eyee oaaao oae? aaoi?e, ye I.Aocaae?i,
A.??ueii?i, I.Eieaaiia, ss.E?ii?iae, A.Iaoeia, A.?aaea?a, A.*a?eiaaoeue
oa ?io?.

O oie /an, ye a?eueo?noue iaoeo aaoi??a ?icaeyaeaea aeiiii?/iee ci?no
aeaniino? (aeeeth/aiiy neeaaea? A.Oe?aaeia, yeee a?aenoith? iiceoe?th
i?i th?eaee/iee ci?no aeaniino?), ia Caoiae? oe?iea iioe?aiiy io?eiaea
oai??y i?aa aeaniino?, ?ic?iaea ? ?icaeoie yei? cae?enithaaeeny
A.Ae/yiii, I.A?eueyiniiii, O.Aeainaoeai, ?.Eiocii, Ae.Ii?oii, A.Iii?a,
?.Iicia?ii, Aeae.Oiee?nii oa ?i. Na?aae cao?aeieo aaoi??a, ye? a o?e /e
?io?e i??? ?icaeyaeathoue i?iaeaie aeaniino?, iio??aii aeae?eeoe
Aeae.Aaea?aeoa, I.Ae?oea?a, I.Oiooea?a, O.Oae?ea, I.Oaeia.

Ieoaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? i?ae?eiathoue nueiaiaei?
oae? aaoi?e, ye A.?iicaioeaa, ?.Eaiaethoieeia, A.Eica/aiei, A.Ei?iyeia,
TH.Ei/aa??i, A.Oieiaeeia oa ?i. O a?o/eciyi?e e?oa?aoo?? oe?e i?iaeai?
i?enay/ai? ?iaioe oaeeo a/aieo, ye Ae.Aiaeiy, I.Aieei, A.Aieeinueeee,
A.Aie?eia, I.Aio, A.A?eoeaiei, A.Caaei?iaeiee, A.Eoae?yoia, ?.Eaciy,
A.Eiaaeiaiei, ss.Iaeneiaiei, N.Ii/a?iee, I.Iaaeianueeee, I.Oioeia,
A.TH?/eoei oa ?i.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiioaaeany a ?aieao ieaiiaeo oai iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o eaoaae?e
aeiiii?/ii? oai??? oa aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Oi?ioaaiiy iiaiai aeiiii?/iiai eaaeo
Oe?a?ie“, “?inoeoooe?eia o?ainoi?iaoe?y aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie“.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ia? ca iaoo
e?eoe/ia inieneaiiy ?icaeoeo a?aeiinei aeaniino? a Oe?a?i?, yea
ciaoiaeeoueny a i?ioean? ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee c o?aooaaiiyi
caaaeueiina?oiaeo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa, a oaeiae ?ic?iaeo
iniiaieo iai?yie?a ? oeyo?a ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? a
o?aiceoeai?e aeiiii?oe?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoei iinoaaeaii ? ae??oaii ?yae caaaeaiue:

— ?ice?eoe aeiiii?/iee ci?no ? i?aaia? oi?ie a?aeiinei aeaniino?;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe no/ani? oi?ie ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?icae?eaii-noi?nii?
aeaniino?;

— ia??ai? c aecia/aiiyi ?ie? ? i?noey a?aeiinei aeaniino? a o?aiceoeai?e
aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie iieacaoe oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo a?aeiinei aeaniino? a
e?a?iao, ui ciaoiaeyoueny a i?ioean? ia?aoiaeo aei iino?iaeono??aeueii?
noaae?? naiai ?icaeoeo;

— iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue /?oei? niaoeeo?eaoe?? i?aa aeaniino? ye
iniiae iioeiaeueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?eaaoiiai i?eaeaniaiiy a
ia?ao?aeieo aeiiii?eao;

— ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe i?ioean ?icaeoeo iaeiai a?ciano a Oe?a?i? ye iaeei c
iiaeeeaeo oeyo?a aeoiaeo c e?ece;

— aeyaeoe i?iaeaie i?eaaoecaoe?? a Oe?a?i? ? cai?iiiioaaoe niiniae ?o
?ica’ycaiiy;

— ?ice?eoe iniaeeaino? ?aae?caoe?? a?aeiinei aeaniino? /a?ac aeiiii?/io
aeaaeo ? oi?aae?iiy.

Ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooia?
aeiiii?ea e?a?i Caoiaeo, Oeaio?aeueii? ? No?aeii? ?a?iie, iaoe?iiaeueia
aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaia a?aeiinei aeaniino?, ?? iniaeeaino?
? i?ioean ?aoi?ioaaiiy a o?aiceoeai?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie.

Caaaeueia iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoiaeieia?/iith ? oai?aoe/iith
iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co aeiiii?/ieo
yaeu, iaoeia? iaoiaee caaaeueiiai oa iniaeeaiai, noiaeaeaiiy a?ae
aano?aeoiiai aei eiie?aoiiai, aiae?c ? neioac eaoaai??e ? yaeu oa ?i.,
iaaooee na?oiai? ? a?o/eciyii? aeiiii?/ii? aeoiee (a oiio /ene?,
aeei?enoaiiy iiai? iaoiaeieia?? aiae?co ?icae?eaii-noi?nieo a?aeiinei
i?e aeine?aeaeaii? a?aeiinei aeaniino?).

?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith iineoaeeee Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie, Caeiie ?
caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe, iinoaiiae Aa?oiaii? ?aaee, oeace I?aceaeaioa, a oiio
/ene?: caeiie Oe?a?ie “I?i aeani?noue“, “I?i aea?aeaaiee athaeaeao ia
1999??e“, “I?i i?eaaoecaoe?th iaeia aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa“, “I?i
i?eaaoecaoe?th iaaaeeeeo aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa (iaeo
i?eaaoecaoe?th)“, “I?i i?eaaoecaoe?ei? iaia?e“, iinoaiiaa Eaa?iaoo
i?i?no??a “I?i ii?yaeie i?ecia/aiiy oiiaiiaaaeaieo in?a, cae?eniaiiy
ieie oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaieie ei?ii?aoeaieie i?aaaie ? eiio?ieth ca ?o
ae?yeuei?noth“, oeace I?aceaeaioa “I?i o?aaoethaaiiy aeayeeo ieoaiue,
iia’ycaieo c i?ioeanii oi?aae?iiy ia’?eoaie aea?aeaaii? aeaniino?“, “I?i
aeaye? caoiaee c aea?aaoethaaiiy i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?“ oa
?i., noaoenoe/i? ca??ieee, ia??iaee/ia i?ana.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a, io?eiaieo iniaenoi aaoi?ii:

— iieacaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy iiiyoue ooiaeaiaioaeueii? oa aeooaeueii?
no?oeoo?e a?aeiinei aeaniino? aeicaieeei ?ice?eoe aeiiii?/io iniiao
oai??? i?aa aeaniino?, yea ae?aaea? th?eaee/i? ii?ie a?aeiinii ae?e c
ia’?eoaie aeaniino?;

— aeae?eaii a?aeiioaiiy anaei?enooaaiiy ye aeaiaio-iniiao iiai?
no?oeoo?e a?aeiinei i?eaeaniaiiy ia iino?iaeono??aeuei?e noaae??
?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa;

— aeiaaaeaii, ui ia?ao?ae aei a?aeiinei anaei?enooaaiiy ci?ia?
aioo??oith noia?a/i?noue ?icae?eaii-noi?niiai oa?aeoa?o aeaniino? ?
iineeth? ?aei?noue a?aeiinei ?acae?eaiino? ? noi?niino?, i?aaenoaaeaio
cae?aiinoyie ?iaeea?aea, ui aae?athoue aeooiaii-eoeueoo?iee aeina?ae
ethaenoaa ? ?icaeaathoue ciaiiy oa ?ioi?iaoe?th;

— iaa?oioiaaii: 1) ?iciaaeoaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaii? ? i?eaaoii?
aeaniino? /a?ac e?eoa??e “a?ae/oaeai?noue — iaa?ae/oaeai?noue» i?aa
aeaniino? ?iaeea?aea: i?e i?eaaoi?e aeaniino? aeii?iaioith ? a?aeiineie
a?ae/oaeaiiy iaoa??aeueieo aeaa, a i?e ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaai?e — a?aeiineie
iaa?ae/oaeaiiy aeooiaieo aeaa, iia’ycaieo c i?eaeaniaiiyi
cae?aiinoae ethaeeie; 2) noaiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaii? aeaniino?
ye aieiaii? oaiaeaioe?? oi?ioaaiiy iino?iaeono??aeueiiai noni?euenoaa, a
yeiio aeiiii?/ia aeii?iaioa ci?ith?oueny nioe?ieoeueoo?iei oeiii
?icaeoeo;

— aeiaaaeaii iaoioiaei?noue ?aaeueii ooieoe?iioth/eo oi?i aeaniino? a
oiiaao nioe?ae?cio ? o?aiceoeaiiai noaio noni?euenoaa ?o ci?noo, ui
oa?aeoa?eco? a?aeiineie i?eaeaniaiiy, ye? ?noi?e/ii aeieeee a ?icaeiaieo
e?a?iao;

— iieacaii, ui ?icae?eaii-noi?niee oa?aeoa? aeaniino? a o?aiceoeaiii
noni?euenoa? aeiaaa? ?inoeoooe?eiiai iaoai?cio nai?? ?aae?caoe?? ca
aeiiiiiaith /?oeiai naieoe?iioaaiiy i?aa aeaniino?, caeiiiaeaa/iai
cae??ieaiiy iaae? ?aae?caoe?? aeiiii?/ii? aeaaee ? athaeaeaoieo
aeioiae?a ca ie?aieie ??aiyie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, oi?ioaaiiy
iniiaieo ?inoeooo?a ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee; neaaa niaoeeo?eaoe?y i?aa
aeaniino? ??cei i?aeaeuo? ??aaiue o?ainaeoe?eieo aeo?ao, ye? a Oe?a?i?
ca ianyaii aei??aiththoue iaaeoiaeaeaiiyi iiaeaoe?a aei athaeaeao?a
??cieo ??ai?a, aea i?eaeaniththoueny ? ia?a?iciiae?eythoueny
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-aeiiii?/ieie a?oiaie ye ?aaeueieie aeanieeaie
aeiiii?/ii? aeaaee;

— c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? ? aeaeeaaiiy iaeiai a?ciano
a Oe?a?i? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii oe?ieee ?icaeoie o?ai/aec?iao, a aeey caeo/aiiy
?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e — noai?aiiy iiaea?eieo i?aei?e?inoa;

— iaa?oioiaaii i?eioeeie a?ioiaiai aoaio i?eaaoecaoe?? a Oe?a?i? ye
?aaeueiiai i?ioeano noai?aiiy ?inoeoooo i?eaaoii? aeaniino?;

— iieacaii, ui ooieoe?y aea?aeaae ia caiaeeoueny aei aeeiiaiiy ?ie?
noa’?eoa a?aeiinei aeaniino?, aea a o?aiceoeaiiio noni?euenoa? oey
ooieoe?y aeooae?co?oueny a ca’yceo c a?aenooi?noth ?inoeooo?a ?eieo;

— ooi/iaii iiaeaeue ?iaanoeoe?e a ethaenueeee eai?oae ca aeiiiiiaith
aaaaeaiiy a ia? ?ioaa?aeueiiai ia/eneaiiy noia?ieo aeo?ao ? io?eiaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaiai i?eaooeo a?ae ina?oe; iieacaii, ui aeaiee aeae ?iaanoeoe?e
ni?ey? noaiiaeaiith ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaii? aeaniino?, ca aeiiiiiaith yei?
a?aeaoaa?oueny nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee i?ia?an noni?euenoaa.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Oai?aoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?
aeniiaee aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ?icoe?eoe ?icoi?iiy i?ioean?a ?icaeoeo
a?aeiinei aeaniino? a o?aiceoeai?e aeiiii?oe?, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
i?e iiaeaeueo?e ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeaniino?. Oai?aoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iiaeeeai aeei?enoiaoaaoe a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
aeey iiaeeaeaiiy ci?noo ? eia?ee aeeeaaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? oai???, i?e?i-
? iae?iaeiiii?ee, iaiaaeaeiaioo, i?e ?ic?iaoe? ? /eoaii? niaoeeo?n?a c
aeiiii?/ieo aeenoeeie?i.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ianooiiiio: i?iiiceoe??
? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie i?eaaoecaoe??, iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia i?iaaaeaiiy
a?ioiaiai aoaio yei? ia? noai?eoe aoaeoeaii ooieoe?iioth/ee ?inoeooo
i?eaaoii? aeaniino?; i?iaaaeaii? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee a noa?? i?aeo?eiee
?icaeoeo iaeiai a?ciano; ai?iaaaeaeaii? i?ia?aneaiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ia
i?aei?e?inoaao ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?; a i?ioean? caeo/aiiy i?yieo
?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e /a?ac noai?aiiy iiaea?eieo i?aei?e?inoa.

Aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe?? iiaeooue aooe iai?aaeai? aei Oiiaeo aea?aeaaiiai
iaeia Oe?a?ie, I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo
Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?iieoeoaa, Oa?e?anueei? iaeanii?
aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny ia i?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: “I?iaeaie noaa?e?caoe?? oa
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo“ (i. Oa?e?a, 21 — 22 ea?oiy 1998 ?.), “I?iaeaie
?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a oiiaao o?aiceoe??“ (i. Oa?e?a, 21 — 22
o?aaiy 1998 ?.), “Nioe?aeuei? i??i?eoaoe a o?aiceoeai?e aeiiii?oe?“ (i.
Oa?e?a, 20 o?aaiy 1999 ?.); ia 2-?e Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeiiii?/ia aaciaea: i?iaeaie ? no?aoaa?y caaacia/aiiy a
Oe?a?i?“ (i. Oa?e?a, eenoiiaae 1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a 5
iaoeiaeo noaooyo o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 2,5
ae.a. E??i oiai, aeiaeaoeiai aoei iioae?eiaaii oace aeiiia?aeae ca
iaoeiaeie ?acoeueoaoaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia iaoith
aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Caaaeueiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? — 191 noi??iea iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, a oiio /ene? iniiaiee
ianya (anooi, iniiaia /anoeia ? aeniiaee) ia? 177 noi??iie. Aeena?oaoe?y
i?noeoue 7 oaaeeoeue ? 3 iaethiee. Ia?ae?e aeaea?ae aeeth/a? 199
iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ?
iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeeeaaeaii ioieoe iaoeiai? iiaecie, a
oaeiae ?ice?eoi oai?aoe/io ? i?aeoe/io cia/ei?noue io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co a?aeiinei
aeaniino?“ ?icaeyaeathoueny oai?aoe/i? iniiae aecia/aiiy ci?noo
a?aeiinei aeaniino?.

Iieacaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy iiiyoue ooiaeaiaioaeueii? ? aeooaeueii?
no?oeoo?e a?aeiinei aeaniino? aeicaieeei ?ice?eoe aeiiii?/io iniiao
oai??? i?aa aeaniino?, yea ae?aaea? th?eaee/i? ii?ie a?aeiinii ae?e c
ia’?eoaie aeaniino?.

Oai??y i?aa aeaniino?, yea io?eiaea ?ic?iaeo ? cia/ia iioe?aiiy ia
Caoiae?, ?icaeyaea? aeani?noue ye io/ie i?aa c aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?no, nai
aea ?ano?n ia ? aeani?noth. Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui aeiiii?/iee ci?no
aeaniino? a aeai?e oai??? i?eoiaaiee ca th?eaee/iith oi?iith, iaiiaeeeai
ia iii?oeoe aca?iica’ycie c ?ice?eoith aeiiii?noaie oai???th a?aeiinei
aeaniino?, no?oeoo?a yei? neeaaea?oueny c 5 aeaiaio?a (ei?enooaaiiy,
?icii?yaeaeaiiy, aieiae?iiy, a?ae/oaeaiiy, i?eaeaniaiiy). Aeae?eaiiy
ooiaeaiaioaeueii? no?oeoo?e aeaniino?, ia iao iiaeyae, aenooia? oei
iaoiaeieia?/iei i?noeii, /a?ac yeee ?ice?eaa?oueny ca’ycie aeiiii?/iiai
ci?noo aeaniino? ? th?eaee/ieo oi?i ?? iiaa?oiaaiai i?iyao, ui
a?aeia?aaeaiee oai???th i?aa aeaniino?.

Ae?enii, yeui oaaaeii i?iaiae?coaaoe 11 aeaiaio?a io/ea i?aa aeaniino?,
oi na?aae ieo aeyaeythoueny o? i?aaa aeaniino?, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue
aeaiaioe ?? ooiaeaiaioaeueii? no?oeoo?e: i?aaa aieiae?iiy, aeei?enoaiiy,
oi?aae?iiy (?icii?yaeaeaiiy), noaa?aia (a?ae/oaeaiiy), i?aaa ia i?eaooie
(i?eaeaniaiiy). C? an?o aeaiaio?a io/ea i?aa aeaniino? iacaai? i?aaa ?
oaeeie, ui aecia/athoue an? ?io?, ye? i?iaeiaaeothoue ? ianeoaiaothoue
i’youe aeacaieo.

Oaeei /eiii, ? an? iniiae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui oai??y i?aa aeaniino?,
aenooiath/e th?eaee/iei, i?aaiaei ae?acii aeaniino?, ia? a?eueo
aeeaeiio, aeiiii?/io iniiao, yea ? ia?aeiiith o a?aeiioaii? aei
th?eaee/ieo oi?i naiai i?iyao.

A ?iaio? aeae?eaii a?aeiioaiiy anaei?enooaaiiy ye aeaiaio-iniiao iiai?
no?oeoo?e a?aeiinei i?eaeaniaiiy ia iino?iaeono??aeuei?e noaae??
?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa.

Aiae?c oaiaeaioe?e iino?iaeono??aeueiiai noni?euenoaa ia?aaeaa/a?
aeo?ae ca ?aiee eeane/ii? ooiaeaiaioaeueii? no?oeoo?e ethaenueei?
ae?yeueiino?, ai aieiaiei noa? ia iaoa??aeueia, a aeooiaia aeaai,
aeooiaia ae?iaieoeoai c eiai niaoeeo?/iei i?iaeoeoii — ciaiiyie. Inoaii?
einiiiie?oe/i? ca nai?th i?e?iaeith ? ieie iiaeooue ei?enooaaoeny ia
o?eueee eiai oai?oe?, aea ? an? ?io? ethaee. I?eaeaniaiiy ciaiue ia
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?o a?ae/oaeaiiyi.

Oiio, ia iao iiaeyae, a iino?iaeono??aeueiiio noni?euenoa?
a?aeaoaa?oueny aeo?ae ca iaae? eieeoiuei? ooiaeaiaioaeueii? no?oeoo?e
a?aeiinei aeaniino? ? ia? i?noea noaiiaeaiiy iiai? no?oeoo?e, ia
ii/aoeiaiio aoai? yeiai aeooae?co?oueny aeaiaio i?eaeaniaiiy, yeee
i?aeoe/ii ?aae?co?oueny o a?aeiineiao anaei?enooaaiiy, ? i?iyaey?oueny a
iiaeeeaino? ie?aiiai ?iaeea?aea ia??ai? c ?ioeie a i?ioean? o?oaeiai?
oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? aeei?enoiaoaaoe ? noai?thaaoe ciaiiy oa
?ioi?iaoe?th.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?aee?aneth?oueny ?icae?eaii-noi?niee oa?aeoa? a?aeiinei
aeaniino?, noia?a/i?noue yeiai ?ica’yco?oueny i?e ia?aoiae? noni?euenoaa
a iino?iaeono??aeueio noaae?th naiai ?icaeoeo, aea aeii?iaioith
noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo noa? anacaaaeueia i?aoey, caniiaaia ia
ia?aoai?aii? iaoee a aieiaio i?iaeoeoeaio neeo. C iaeiiai aieo,
iaa?iiaaeaeoth/e na?e oai?/ee iioaioe?ae, ?iaeea?ae aae?a? a naaa
aeooiaii-eoeueoo?iee aeina?ae ? ?ioi?iaoe?th, io?eiai? ni?eueieie
coneeeyie onueiai ethaenueeiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa, ? i?e oeueiio,
aeei?enoiaoth/e oe? ciaiiy a i?ioean? ?iaioe, aiineoue a ieo uinue iiaa
aaciina?aaeiuei a?ae naaa. C ?ioiai aieo, iiaa ciaiiy, noai?aia
iniaeno?noth a i?ioean? oai?/i? ?aae?caoe?? nai?o cae?aiinoae, noa?
iaaeaaiiyi ?ioeo ethaeae, ye? iiaeooue eiai aeei?enoaoe ia??ai? c
oai?oeai. A?aeaoaa?oueny iineeaiiy ?aeiino? a?aeiinei noi?niino? ?
?icae?eaiino?, i?aaenoaaeaia cae?aiinoyie ?iaeea?aea, ui ?icaeaa? ?
iaeiie/o? aeooiaii-eoeueoo?i? iaaeaaiiy oa ?ioi?iaoe?th.

C?iaeaii ei?ioeo oa?aeoa?enoeeo aaiethoe?eiiai ?icaeoeo oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c oi?i ?aae?caoe?? ?icae?eaii-noi?nii?
aeaniino?, ia?o ca ana — i?eaaoii? ? aea?aeaaii?, iieacaii iaaeo ?
iiaeeeaino? ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Ca?ac a aeiiii?/i?e e?oa?aoo??
noaaeoueny ieoaiiy i?i oa, yea oi?ia i?eaeaniaiiy e?aua: i?eaaoia /e
aea?aeaaia. Iaeiae aiae?c ii??aiyeueii? aoaeoeaiino? oi?i aeaniino?
ia?aaeaa/a? c’ynoaaiiy o?ueio aniaeo?a: ii-ia?oa, caaaeuei? i?e/eie, ui
aecia/athoue aoaeoeai?noue oi?i aeaniino?; ii-ae?oaa, iaae?, a yeeo oa
/e ?ioa oi?ia aeaniino? aoaeoeaia, a iica ieie ia?anoa? aooe oaeith;
ii-o?ao?, aieea ia aoaeoeai?noue oi?i aeaniino? eiie?aoieo oiia ie?aii
acyoi? e?a?ie.

Noai?i eaaeo/e, i?ecia/aiiy aea?aeaae iieyaa? ia a oiio, uia aeeiioaaoe
?ieue noa’?eoa aeaniino?. Nii/aoeo ia aoei oaeeo ia’?eo?a aeaniino?, ye?
i?ecia/aii aeeeth/ii aeey aea?aeaae. Aea inoaiiy, ye iaaia
ni?aoiaa?enoai ?iaeea?aeooi?a, ia iiaea caaacia/eoe nai? ?nioaaiiy ?
aeeiiaiiy ?yaeo ooieoe?e aac aeaniino? ia aeaye? ia’?eoe (iai?eeeaae,
o?, ye? neoaeaoue ni?eueiei iaoe?iiaeueiei aai iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiei
?ioa?anai). Aiae?c ?ici??o ? aaeocaai? no?oeoo?e i?aei?e?inoa
aea?aeaaiiai naeoi?o a ?icaeiaieo e?a?iao iieaco? ?noioio a?aei?ii?noue
i?ae ieie, ine?eueee aiie a?aeia?aaeathoue ?noi??th, o?aaeeoe??, oei
iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e, ianooaae e?a?ie ? ?? aaiiie?oe/ia iieiaeaiiy,
aaaaoi ?ioeo /eiiee?a.

Iieacaii, ui ooieoe?y aea?aeaae ia caiaeeoueny aei aeeiiaiiy ?ie?
noa’?eoo a?aeiinei aeaniino?, aea a o?aiceoeaiiio noni?euenoa?, yeei ? ?
Oe?a?ia, aeeiiaiiy aea?aeaaith ooieoe?? noa’?eoo aeaniino?
aeooae?co?oueny a ca’yceo c a?aenooi?noth ?inoeooo?a ?eieo. Ii i???
noaiiaeaiiy ?inoeoooo i?eaaoii? aeaniino?, aea?aeaaiee naeoi? aeiiii?ee
iiaeiai ciaiooaaoeny, ine?eueee naia i?eaaoia aeani?noue ni?ey? ?icaeoeo
eiieo?aioiiai na?aaeiaeua, caeaoiiai caaacia/eoe oai?/a iai?oaeaiiy,
iaiao?aeia aeey ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Ooo aaaeeeai cacia/eoe, ui
oi/a noa’?eoe i?eaaoii? aeaniino? a nai?o ae?yo ? ?aaeaiaioiaai?, aiie
a?euei? naia ca aeiiiiiaith aeaii? ?aaeaiaioaoe??: c iaeiiai aieo,
i?eaaoiee aeaniee niea/o? iiaeaoie aea?aeaa? a cacaeaeaa?aeue
anoaiiaeaieo ?ici??ao, a c ?ioiai aieo — a?eueiee aeei?enoaoe /anoeio
i?eaooeo, ui caeeoeeany, a nai?o ?ioa?anao aac iaianaiiy oeiaee ?ioei
ethaeyi. O aeacaiiio caeeaaeaia oi?iaeueia aeaea?aei ooai?aiiy ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy an?o ?ioeo, iio?aeieo oi?i aeaniino?, ye? iiaeooue
aeieeaoe eeoa c aie? i?eaaoiiai aeanieea.

?icaeyiooi eieaeoeaio oi?io aeaniino?, yea caeiaoea cia/iiai iioe?aiiy a
iao?e e?a?i? a ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? a ia?ao?aei?e
aeiiii?oe?“ aena?oeaii i?aeoe/i? ieoaiiy ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei
aeaniino? a o?aiceoeai?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie. Aiae?c i?iaaaeaii ia oii?
i?ioean?a nioe?ae?caoe?? ? aoiai?caoe?? a na?oia?e ni?eueiio?.

Aeani?noue, ui ?aae?co?oueny ethaeeiith ia?aaaaeii o noa?? aeooiaiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, ye cia?yaeaey oai?/i? naii?aae?caoe?? oa ?iiaaoe?eia
ae?yeuei?noue, yaey? niaith ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaio aeani?noue. Iio??aii
?ic??ciyoe ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaio ? i?eaaoio aeani?noue. E?eoa??e oaei?
a?aei?iiino?, ia iiaeyae aeena?oaioa, iieyaa? o a?aeiineiao
a?ae/oaeaiiy-iaa?ae/oaeaiiy ia’?eo?a aeaniino? ?iaeea?aea. Iaeiae, yeui
i?e i?eaaoi?e aeaniino? aieiaieie ? a?aeiineie a?ae/oaeaiiy
iaoa??aeueieo aeaa, oi i?e ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaai?e — iaa?ae/oaeaiiy
aeooiaieo aeaa. Noaiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaii? aeaniino? a?aeia?aaea?
aieiaio oaiaeaioe?th iino?iaeono??aeueiiai noni?euenoaa, a yeiio
iaioth/a iieiaeaiiy caeia? nioe?ieoeueoo?iee oei ?icaeoeo, ui aenoaa? ia
ia?oee ieai naii?aae?caoe?th oai?/iai iioaioe?aeo ethaeeie.

Aiae?c a?aeiinei aeaniino? a oiiaao nioe?ae?cio ? ia?ao?aeiiai noaio
noni?euenoaa aeiaiaeeoue ?o ci?noiaio iaoioiaei?noue c oi?iaie
aeaniino?, ui ooieoe?iiothoue a ?icaeiaieo aea?aeaaao. A ?iaio?
iieacaii, ui ca oi?iith aea?aeaaii? aai aeoe?iia?ii? aeaniino? iiaea
’’ia?aoiaoaaoeny’’ ?noioii a?aei?iiee ci?no a?ae oiai, yeee ianooue a
nia? oe? oi?ie a aeiiii?/ii ?icaeiaieo e?a?iao. Oae, a
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-ieaiia?e aeiiii?oe? ca i?iaieioaiith
caaaeueiiia?iaeiith aeani?noth oiaaeiny ?aaeueia
iiiaieeaoo?ii-ath?ie?aoe/ia i?eaeaniaiiy cania?a ? ?acoeueoao?a
ae?iaieoeoaa. ?icaeoie aeoe?iia?ii? oi?ie aeaniino?, ye iaea?eueo
iioe?aiiai niiniao ?aoi?ioaaiiy na?aaei?o ? aaeeeeo aea?aeaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa, i?/iai ia ci?iea i? a noaoon? iniiaii? iane aeoe?iia??a,
i? a ieoaiiyo aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa. *ano?oa ca ana
?aaeueieie aeanieeaie aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa ? /eaie aaei?i?no?aoe??
oaeiai i?aei?e?inoaa. Naia iiiaieeaoo?ii-eai?oae?noe/i? ei?ii?aoe??
cina?aaeeee nueiaiaei? a nai?o ?oeao aaeeeo /anoeio i?aa aeaniino?.

Iieacaii, ui ?icae?eaii-noi?niee oa?aeoa? aeaniino? a o?aiceoeaiiio
noni?euenoa? aeiaaa? ?inoeoooe?eiiai iaoai?cio nai?? ?aae?caoe?? ca
aeiiiiiaith /?oeiai naieoe?iioaaiiy i?aa aeaniino?, ye? ia
nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue naieoe?iiiaaii aaeueie neaai. Naia /?oea
niaoeeo?eaoe?y i?aa aeaniino? ia?a?iciiae?ey? aeaaa a?ae iaio
i?iaeoeoeaiiai aei a?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiiai ?o aeei?enoaiiy, a?ae in?a, ui
iaioa ?o oe?iothoue, aei in?a, ui oe?iyoue ?o a?eueoa. Neaaa
niaoeeo?eaoe?y i?aa aeaniino? ??cei i?aeaeuo? ??aaiue o?ainaeoe?eieo
aeo?ao, ye? a Oe?a?i? ca ianyaii aei??aiththoue iaaeoiaeaeaiiyi
iiaeaoe?a aei athaeaeao?a ??cieo ??ai?a, aea i?eaeaniththoueny ?
ia?a?iciiae?eythoueny aaei?i?no?aoeaii-aeiiii?/ieie a?oiaie.

Noi?oue aaaeeeaa caaaeaiiy caeiiiaeaa/iai cae??ieaiiy iaae? ?aae?caoe??
aeiiii?/ii? aeaaee ca ie?aieie ??aiyie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy,
oi?ioaaiiy iniiaieo ?inoeooo?a ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Nueiaiaei?,
?aaeueieie aeanieeaie aeiiii?/ii? aeaaee aenooiathoue
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-aeiiii?/i? a?oie, ye? yaeythoue niaith ia’?aeiaiiy
i?aaenoaaiee?a aea?aeaaiiai aia?aoo ? eiia?oe?eieo no?oeoo? ? neoaeaoue
?aae?caoe?? nai?o iie?oe/ieo ? aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a. O eiieo?aioi?e
ai?iouea? ia?aiaaathoue no?oeoo?e, ui iathoue neeueia aaei?i?no?aoeaia
i?ee?eooy o aeueo aoaeiiao aeaaee. Naia aeey ieo noai?ththoueny
iaea?eueo ni?eyoeea? aeiiii?/i? oiiae: caaacia/o?oueny a?eueiee aeinooi
aei aeaoaaeo o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, aa?aioiaaieo aea?aecaiiaeaiue,
i?eaaoecaoe?y ia?niaeoeaieo ia’?eo?a ca i?eueaiaeie oe?iaie oa ?i.
Naieoe?iioaaiiy i?aa aeaniino?, e??i caoaa?aeaeaiiy ?inoeoooo i?eaaoii?
aeaniino?, aeicaieeoue noai?eoe oiiae aeey ?aae?caoe?? ?iaeea?aeaie
nai?o cae?aiinoae, naiai oai?/iai iioaioe?aeo, ui iineoaeeoue a?eueo
aoaeoeaiiio ooieoe?iioaaiith an??? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie.

C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? ? aeaeeaaiiy iaeiai a?ciano a
Oe?a?i? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii oe?ieee ?icaeoie o?ai/aec?iao, a aeey caeo/aiiy
?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e — noai?aiiy iiaea?eieo i?aei?e?inoa.

Oni?o aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i, ui i?iaiaeyoueny, aaaaoi a /iio iia’ycothoue
c ?icaeoeii i?aei?e?inoa iaeiai ? na?aaeiueiai a?ciano. Ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oaeeo i?aei?e?inoa ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith eiieo?aioicaeaoieo noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? noai?aiith ?icaeiaiiai eiieo?aioiiai na?aaeiaeua a
ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa?. E??i oiai, naeoi? iaeeo ? na?aaei?o
i?aei?e?inoa, ui ?icoe?y?oueny, caeaoiee ae??oeoe i?iaeaio caeiyoino?.
Aeinyaiooee a Oe?a?i? ??aaiue ?icaeoeo iaeiai ? na?aaeiueiai a?ciano
iano?eueee iecueeee, ui ia iiaea caaeiaieueieoe i? noni?euei? iio?aae,
i? a?aoe ?ieue iiaiioe?iiiai ?eieiaiai oaeoi?o. I?iaeaie, ui aeieeathoue
ye o i?aei?e?ioe?a, ye? o?eueee caii/aoeoaaee na?e a?cian, oae ? a
i?aoethth/eo a oeueiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee, ianooii?: iaaeineiiae? caeiie,
/ano? ci?ie “i?aaee a?e“; iaaei??i? iiaeaoee; aoc?noue aeaea?ae
o?iainoaaiiy; aenieee ??aaiue ei?oioe??, ?aeao; ia??ai? oiiae aeey
eiieo?oaaiiy c aaeeeei iiiaieeaoo?iei a?cianii oa ?i. Oni?oia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?eaaoiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa aeiaaa? noai?aiiy
ni?eyoeeaeo oiia c aieo aea?aeaae.

Iaei??? c oi?i oni?oiiai aaaeaiiy a?ciano a Oe?a?i? iiaea noaoe
o?ai/aec?ia, a iniia? yeiai eaaeeoue oo?aioa aaeeeiai aaoi?eoaoiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa-o?ai/aeca?a i?i iaaaeeea naiino?eia
i?aei?e?inoai-o?ai/aec?. Aeei?enoaiiy a?eueo a?eueiiai aeinooio aei
eai?oaeo, aenieee ?i?aeae o?ai/aeca?a, iaaeaiiy aooaaeoa?nueei? ?
noaoenoe/ii? aeiiiiiae, eiinoeueoaoe?e i?ia?aeieo oao?aoe?a a iaeano?
ia?eaoeiao ? iaiaaeaeiaioo, i?aai?caoe?y iaa/aiiy ia?niiaeo — oe? oa
?io? caoiaee aeicaieythoue iaeiio i?aei?e?inoao caanoe aei ioey ?ecee
?ici?aiiy ia noaae?? naiai noaiiaeaiiy.

Caeo/aiith i?yieo ?iaanoeoe?e iiaea ni?eyoe noai?aiiy iiaea?eieo
i?aei?e?inoa, ye? yaeythoue niaith cae?eo? aeoe?iia?i? ae?iaie/?
i?aei?e?inoaa, i?aai?ciaai? ? i/iethaai? ca?oa?aeieie
i?aei?e?iieoeueeeie a?oiaie. *eaiaie oaeiai i?aei?e?inoaa aae aei
na?aaeiuei? ea?oth/i? eaiee iiaeooue aooe a?iiaaeyie Oe?a?ie.
A?aeiia?aeii aei aeiaiai?o oa?i?iii a?ae 5 aei 15 ?ie?a, cae?eoa
aeoe?iia?ia ae?iaie/a i?aei?e?inoai iinooiiai aeeoia? aeoe?iia?iee
eai?oae i?aei?e?inoaa ca ?aooiie /anoeie i?eaooeo ? aiane?a /eai?a
aeoe?iia?iiai i?aei?e?inoaa ? noa? aeanieeii iiaea?eiiai i?aei?e?inoaa,
yeee naiino?eii ooaaeth? ??oaiiy, ooi ? ye aoaea oi?aaeyoe oeei
i?aei?e?inoaii iaaeae?. Noai?aiiy oaeeo no?oeoo? aeicaiey? aeei?enoaoe
ia?aaeia? oaoiieia?? ? aeina?ae ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ainiiaea?thaaiiy,
ine?eueee c naiiai ii/aoeo oae? i?aei?e?inoaa aoaeooue ooieoe?iioaaoe ye
cao?aei? o??ie, ui neeaeeny i?e aenieeo i??eao cao?aeiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo
? ia?eaoeiao.

A ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaii i?eioeeie a?ioiaiai aoaio i?eaaoecaoe?? a Oe?a?i?
ye ?aaeueiiai i?ioeano noai?aiiy ?inoeoooo i?eaaoii? aeaniino?.

I?ioean i?eaaoecaoe?? a Oe?a?i? oa ?ioeo iinonioe?ae?noe/ieo e?a?iao
i?ioiaeeoue a eiioaeno? ia?aoiaeo a?ae aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeii?
aeiiii?ee, yea yaeyea niaith oioaeueia iaea?aeaaeaiiy an?o noi??i
ainiiaea?nueeiai aeeooy, aei aeiiii?ee, caniiaaii? ia
?eieiai-eiieo?aioieo canaaeao. Ineaaeaiiy aea?aeaaieo aaaeae?a
oi?aae?iiy i?eaaoecaoe??th, a oiio /ene? ? aeio?eiaiiy caeiiiino? a ??
i?iaaaeaii?, i?eaaei aei noai?aiiy aaceiio?ieueii? neooaoe??, yea
ni?eyea ?ice?aaeaiith aea?aeaaii? aeaniino?. AEiaeia c oe?eae,
iinoaaeaieo ia?aae i?eaaoecaoe??th, ia aeeiiaia: ia noai?aii /eneaiiee
eean aoaeoeaieo aeaniee?a, ia caeo/aii o?iainiaeo eioo?a aeey
icaei?iaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoa, ia aeinyaiooi iaoe iiiiaiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ?
i?noeaaeo athaeaeao?a.

Aiae?c iaaeie?e?a na?oeo?eaoiiai aoaio i?eaaoecaoe??, a oaeiae
iaiao?aei?noue i?iaeiaaeaiiy oeueiai i?ioeano aeiaaa? ia?aoiaeo aei
?aae?caoe?? a?ioiai? eiioeaioe?? i?eaaoecaoe??, yea, ia aeoieo
aeena?oaioa, iiaeiia aeeth/aoe a naaa ianooii? iieiaeaiiy. Ia?aaeon?i,
iniiaia /anoeia i?eaooe?a a?ae i?eaaoecaoe?? iiaeiia eoe ia ia iie?eooy
athaeaeaoiiai aeao?oeeoo, a i?yioaaoe a aea?aeaaiee ?iaanoeoe?eiee oiiae
c iaoith iiaeaeueoi? iiaea?i?caoe?? iioaioe?eii eiieo?aioicaeaoieo
i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo no?oeoo?. Aeei?enoaiiy oeeo eioo?a iiaeiii
ciaoiaeeoeny i?ae aei?noeei eiio?ieai aea?aeaae. Iio??aii aeei?enoaoe
?iaeea?aeoaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei eiaeiiai ia’?eoo i?eaaoecaoe?? c
o?aooaaiiyi e?eoa???a aeiiii?/ii? ? nioe?aeueii? aoaeoeaiino?.
Iaiao?aeii a?aoe aei oaaae cia/ei?noue ia’?eoo aea?aeaaii? aeaniino?
aeey aeiiii?ee caaaeii ? aeey ??oaiiy caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo oe?eae;
iiaeeeaino? iioaioe?eiiai noa’?eoo i?eaaoeciaaii? aeaniino? aoaeoeaii
aeei?enoaoe i?eaeaniaiee ia’?eo; ?ioa?ane noa’?eo?a aea?aeaaii?
aeaniino?. I?ae a?aeiia?aeiei i?aaiii ? iiaeie aeanieeaie i?aei?e?inoaa
iaeaaeii i?aeoeeoaaoe oeeaaeiaiiy aeiaiai?o, ui aeeth/a? a naaa ia
o?eueee i?aaa ? iaia’ycee noi??i, aea ? iaoai?ci i?eoyaiaiiy aei
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? o ?ac? iaaeeiiaiiy nai?o ciaia’ycaiue. Iaei??th ?c
aaaeeeaeo oiia, ui aenoaathoueny iiaei aeanieeai i?aei?e?inoa, ?
caa?aaeaiiy ? noai?aiiy iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa. O?ae i?eaaoecaoe?eiiai i?ioeano iiaeiai noaoe
iaaeaaiiyi oe?iei? a?iiaaenueeino?.

A aeena?oaoe?? ooi/iaii iiaeaeue ?iaanoeoe?e a ethaenueeee eai?oae ca
aeiiiiiaith aaaaeaiiy a ia? ?ioaa?aeueiiai ia/eneaiiy noia?ieo aeo?ao ?
io?eiaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai i?eaooeo a?ae ina?oe. E??i oiai, iieacaii, ui
oeae aeae ?iaanoeoe?e ni?ey? noaiiaeaiith ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaii?
aeaniino?, ca aeiiiiiaith yei? a?aeaoaa?oueny nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee
i?ia?an noni?euenoaa.

Noaiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaii? oi?ie aeaniino?, ye aieiaii?
oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo iino?iaeono??aeueiiai noni?euenoaa, a?aeaoaa?oueny
ia iniia? i?aeaeuaiiy ?ie? ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo, i?ae yeei ?icoi??oueny
i??a ao?eaii? a ethaeei? caeaoiino? i?eiineoe i?eaooie. E??i oiai, oea
ieoaiiy aeooae?co?oueny ? a iao?e o?aiceoeaii? aeiiii?oe?, ine?eueee a
oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee iniiaiei i?eioeeiii io?eiaiiy
i?eaooeo ianaeaiiyi noa? oaeoi?iee ?iciiae?e, ui ia?aaeaa/a? ianooiia:
eiaeia ethaeeia, ui aieiae?? yeei-iaaoaeue oaeoi?ii ae?iaieoeoaa
(i?aoeath, eai?oaeii, caieath, i?aei?e?iieoeueeeie cae?aiinoyie),
iiaeiia io?eioaaoe i?eaooie, ??aiee aianeo naiai /eiieea.

Oai??th ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye caaaeueio oai??th
?iaanoeoe?e, iioe?aio ia noa?o ethaenueeeo ?ano?n?a. ?nio? /?oea
caeaaei?noue i?ae ??aiai ina?oe ? ?icaeoeo i?aoe?aieea oa eiai
ca?ia?oeii i?ioyaii an??? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?.

Aeo?aoe ia ina?oo iathoue iciaee ?iaanoeoe?e: ethaeeia /aea? io?eiaoe
i?eaooie a iaeaooiueiio, aeo?a/oth/e iaai? eiooe nueiaiaei?.

Iaie ?icaeyiooi a?ao?/io ? iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ?iaanoeoe?e a
ethaenueeee eai?oae, ui cai?iiiiiaaii aia?oa Aeae. I?ina?ii ?
?ioa?i?aoiaaii aei no/anieo oiia I.A.Eieini?oeeiith. Ci?no oe??? iiaeae?
iieyaa? a ii??aiyii? aeo?ao, iia’ycaieo c io?eiaiiyi ina?oe (ye i?yieo,
oae ? aeueoa?iaoeaieo), c aeiaeaoeiaeie i?eaooeaie, ui io?eia? ethaeeia
caaaeyee iayaiino? ina?oe. Ooi/iaiiy, c?iaeaia iaie a oe?e iiaeae?
(oeyoii ia?aoiaeo a oi?ioeao a?ae i?aenoiiaoaaiiy aei ?ioaa?aeueiiai
/eneaiiy), aea? ianooii? ia?aaaae (oi?ioea 1):

1) iiaeia ?iaeoe ia/eneaiiy ia ci?ithth/e i?ioeaaeo?e i?ae?aooieo a oeo
aeiaaeeao, eiee ci?ie ??ai?a i?eaooe?a aei??aiththoue ia e?eueeino?
oe?eeo ?ie?a, a aecia/athoueny i?nyoeyie /e ?ieaie c i?nyoeyie
(iai?eeeaae, /a?ac 3,5 ?ie?a, 8 i?nyoe?a ? o.i.);

2) iieaciee nooiaiy, a yeee caiaeeoueny noaaea aeeneiiooaaiiy,
i?iy?oueny aacia?a?aiei /eiii, a ia no?eaeaie, ye a oi?ioeao
iiia?aaeiueiai aaoi?a.

wmetafile8? ??g???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ay¬y ¬ ???&? ?MathType??

0

(1) Aea YA(t) — i?eaooie iaina?/aiiai i?aoe?aieea ye ooieoe?y
/ano;

YB(t) — i?eaooie ina?/aiiai i?aoe?aieea ye
ooieoe?y /ano;

N(t) — i?yi? aeo?aoe ia ina?oo ye ooieoe?y /ano;

— ?iaeea?aeoaeueia noaaea aeeneiiooaaiiy;

S-U — ia??iae io?eiaiiy ina?oe;

S-R — ia??iae c iiiaioo i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy ethaeeiith (i?i
io?eiaiiy aai iaio?eiaiiy ina?oe) aei cae?i/aiiy ?? o?oaeiai?
ae?yeueiino?.

Aeacai? ia?aaaae ooi/iaii? iaie iiaeae? ?iaanoeoe?e a ethaenueeee
eai?oae aeicaieythoue a?eueo oe?iei canoiniaoaaoe oeth iiaeaeue ia
i?aeoeoe?.

O aeniiaeao i?aeaaaeaii iniiai? i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae
noi?ioeueiaaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? a
Oe?a?i?.

AIEIAI? AENIIAEE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? a?aeiineoueny aei iaea?eueo aeooaeueieo
i?iaeai Oe?a?ie, ui ciaoiaeeoueny a noai? o?aiceoe??. Ae??oaiiy ieoaiue
aeaniino? aeiaaa? naiai iaaaeiiai ??oaiiy, ui coiiaeei iaiao?aei?noue
aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeei?enoaiiy iiiyoue aeooaeueii? ? ooiaeaiaioaeueii? no?oeoo?e a?aeiinei
aeaniino? aecia/eei aeiiii?/io iniiao oai??? i?aa aeaniino?, ui ae?aaea?
th?eaee/i? ii?ie a?aeiinii ae?e c ia’?eoaie aeaniino?. Aeae?eaii
a?aeiioaiiy anaei?enooaaiiy, ye aeaiaio iiai? no?oeoo?e a?aeiinei
aeaniino? ia iino?iaeono??aeuei?e noaae?? ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa.
?ice?eoi oi?ie ?icae?eaii-noi?nii? aeaniino?, ia?aaeon?i, i?eaaoia ?
aea?aeaaia, iieacaii iaae? oa iiaeeeaino? ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy.
Aeiaaaeaii, ui ooieoe?y aea?aeaae ia caiaeeoueny aei aeeiiaiiy ?ie?
noa’?eoo aeaniino?, aea a o?aiceoeai?i noni?euenoa? naia oey ooieoe?y
aeooae?co?oueny a ca’yceo c a?aenooi?noth ?inoeooo?a ?eieo.

Iaa?oioiaaii a?aei?ii?noue ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaii? oi?ie aeaniino? a?ae
i?eaaoii? /a?ac e?eoa??e ‘‘a?ae/oaeaiiy-iaa?aeaeoaeaiiy’’ i?aa aeaniino?
?iaeea?aea. Noaiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaii? oi?ie aeaniino? — aieiaia
oaiaeaioe?y ?icaeoeo iino?iaeono??aeueiiai noni?euenoaa, a yeiio
aeii?ioth/a cia/aiiy caeia? nioe?ieoeueoo?iee oei ?icaeoeo.

Aeei?enoaiiy o?ai/aec?iao ye oi?ie aaaeaiiy a?ciano ia? ni?eyoe
i?aeaeuaiith eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? ? aeaeeaaiith iaeiai a?ciano a
Oe?a?i?, a noai?aiiy iiaea?eieo i?aei?e?inoa a ?aa?ii? aeicaieeoue
caeo/aoe i?yi? ?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe??.

Cai?iiiiiaaia eiioeaioe?y a?ioiaiai aoaio i?eaaoecaoe?? aoaea ni?eyoe
noai?aiith ?inoeoooo i?eaaoii? aeaniino?. E??i oiai, noi?oue aino?a
iaiao?aei?noue niaoeeo?eaoe?? i?aa aeaniino?. Ia nueiaiaei? iniiai?
i?aaa io/ea i?aa aeaniino? cina?aaeaeai? o aaei?i?no?aoeaii-aeiiii?/ieo
a?oi ye ?aaeueieo aeaniee?a aeiiii?/ii? aeaaee.

O?eueee iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia aea?aeaaia i?ia?aia i?eaaoecaoe?? caeaoia
?ica’ycaoe aocie i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c ?aoi?ioaaiiyi a?aeiinei
aeaniino?, ui iineoaeeoue aeoiaeo Oe?a?ie c o?eaaei? aeiiii?/ii? e?ece.

NOAOO? A IAOEIAEO OAOIAEO AEAeAIIssO

Ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe?? aaoi?a aeeeaaeaii
o 5 iaoeiaeo noaooyo o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo caaaeueiei ianyaii
2,5 ae.a.:

1. Caaei?iaeiue A.A., I?eoiaeueei I.A. Io i?aaei?eyoey e oe?ia:
nianoaaiie/aneee aniaeo einoeoooeeiiaeueiuo eciaiaiee// Aanoiee OAO.
I?iaeaiu noaaeeecaoeee e yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey.- Oa?ueeia.-1998.-?
404.-

N. 121-123.- 0,2 ae.a. Aeena?oaioo iaeaaeeoue ?ice?eooy iniaeeainoae
aeaio iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo a?aeiinei aeaniino? ? ?inoo aoaeoeaiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa: aia?eeainueeiai oa yiiinueeiai oei?a i?aei?e?inoa.

2. I?eoiaeueei I.A. I?eaaoecaoeey eae oi?ia ia?aiia/aeueiiai iaeiieaiey
eaieoaea a Oe?aeia// Aanoiee OAO. I?iaeaiu yeiiiie/aneie oai?ee e
i?aeoeee a oneiaeyo ?uii/iie o?ainoi?iaoeee.-Oa?ueeia.-1997.-? 398.- N.
42-47.- 0,4 ae.a.

3. I?eoiaeueei I.A. ?acaeoea iniiaiuo oi?i ?acaeaeaiii-niaianoiie
nianoaaiiinoe: /anoiie e ainoaea?noaaiiie// Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
O?AI. ?eieiaa o?ainoi?iaoe?y aeiiii?ee.-Oa?e?a.-1997.-? 2.- N. 56-66.-
0,6 ae.a.

4. I?eoiaeueei I.A. ?aaeecaoeey ioiioaiee nianoaaiiinoe /a?ac
yeiiiie/aneoth aeanoue e oi?aaeaiea// Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue O?AI.
?eieiaa o?ainoi?iaoe?y aeiiii?ee.-Oa?e?a.-1998.-? 3.- N. 23-32.- 0,6
ae.a.

5. *aniieiaa I.A. I ?acaeoee ioiioaiee nianoaaiiinoe a oneiaeyo
ia?aoiaeiiai ninoiyiey iauanoaa// Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue O?AI. ?eieiaa
o?ainoi?iaoe?y aeiiii?ee.-Oa?e?a.-1998.-? 4.- N. 16-29.- 0,7 ae.a.

OACE AeIIIA?AeAE

Iioae?eiaaii oace aeiiia?aeae ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. I?eoiaeueei I.A. O?ainoi?iaoeey ioiioaiee nianoaaiiinoe.- I?iaeaie
?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a oiiaao o?aiceoe??.- Iaoa??aee
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? (21-22 o?aaiy 1998
?.).-Oa?e?a.- 1998.- N. 70-73.- 0,2 ae.a.

2. Niieiaee A.A., I?eoiaeueei I.A. Aeaaii?eyoiue eiaanoeoeeiiiue eeeiao
eae iaeei ec oaeoi?ia yeiiiie/aneie aaciianiinoe.- Iaoa??aee 2-i?
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Aeiiii?/ia aaciaea:
i?iaeaie ? no?aoaa?y caaacia/aiiy a Oe?a?i?“ (eenoiiaae 1998
?.).-Oa?e?a.-1998.- N. 87-89.- 0,1 ae.a. Aeena?oaioo iaeaaeaoue
iieiaeaiiy i?i i?aai?caoe?eio oi?io iiaea?eieo i?aei?e?inoa, ia?aaaae,
ye? ia? aeaoe ?aa?iio noai?aiiy oeeo no?oeoo?.

AIIOAOe?ss

*aniieiaa Iaoae?y Aieiaeeie??aia. Aeani?noue: ci?no ? ?aoi?ioaaiiy a
o?aiceoeai?e aeiiii?oe?.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.01.01 — aeiiii?/ia oai??y.

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao. Oa?e?a, 1999.

A ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? a
o?aiceoeai?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie, ui aiae?cothoueny ia oii? iniiaieo
oaiaeaioe?e noaiiaeaiiy iino?iaeono??aeueiiai noni?euenoaa — i?ioean?a
?icaeoeo nioe?ae?caoe?? ? aoiai?caoe??.

Aecia/aii aeiiii?/io iniiao oai??? i?aa aeaniino?. Aeae?eaii a?aeiioaiiy
anaei?enooaaiiy, ye aieiaiee aeaiaio iiai? no?oeoo?e a?aeiinei aeaniino?
ia iino?iaeono??aeuei?e noaae?? ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa. ?ice?eoi i?eaaoio
? aea?aeaaio oi?ie aeaniino?. Aecia/aii ooieoe?th aea?aeaae ye noa’?eoo
aeaniino? a o?aiceoeai?e aeiiii?oe?. Iaa?oioiaaii a?aei?ii?noue
?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaii? oi?ie aeaniino? a?ae i?eaaoii?. Cai?iiiiiaaii
aeei?enoaiiy o?ai/aec?iao ye oi?ie aaaeaiiy iaeiai ? na?aaeiueiai
a?ciano, a oaeiae noai?aiiy iiaea?eieo i?aei?e?inoa a ?aa?ii? c iaoith
caeo/aiiy i?yieo ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e. Ioa?aeoa?eciaaii iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy eiioeaioe?? a?ioiaiai aoaio i?eaaoecaoe??. Ooi/iaii iiaeaeue
?iaanoeoe?e a ethaenueeee eai?oae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeani?noue, ?icae?eaii-noi?nia aeani?noue, i?aaa
aeaniino?, o?aiceoe?y.

AIIIOAOeEss

*aniieiaa Iaoaeuey Aeaaeeie?iaia. Nianoaaiiinoue: niaea?aeaiea e
?aoi?ie?iaaiea a o?aiceoeaiie yeiiiieea.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.01.01 — yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey.

Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao. Oa?ueeia, 1999.

A ?aaioa ?anniao?eaathony aii?inu ?aoi?ie?iaaiey ioiioaiee nianoaaiiinoe
a o?aiceoeaiie yeiiiieea Oe?aeiu, i?ioaeathuea ia oiia iniiaiuo ie?iauo
oaiaeaioeee noaiiaeaiey iinoeiaeono?eaeueiiai iauanoaa — ?acaeaathueony
i?ioeannia nioeeaeecaoeee e aoiaiecaoeee.

Ii?aaeaeaia yeiiiie/aneay iniiaa oai?ee i?aa nianoaaiiinoe. A
aeenna?oaoeee iiae/a?eeaaaony niaianoii-?acaeaeaiiue oa?aeoa?
nianoaaiiinoe, i?ioeai?a/eainoue eioi?iai ?ac?aoaaony i?e ia?aoiaea
iauanoaa a iinoeiaeono?eaeueioth noaaeeth naiaai ?acaeoey, aaea
aeiieiaioie iauanoaaiiiai ?acaeoey noaiiaeony anaiauee o?oae, iniiaaiiue
ia i?aa?auaiee iaoee a aeaaioth i?iecaiaeeoaeueioth neeo. I?ienoiaeeo
oneeaiea aaeeinoaa ioiioaiee niaianoiinoe e ?acaeaeaiiinoe,
i?aaenoaaeaiiia niiniaiinoyie eiaeeaeaea, aieouaathuaai e ?acaeaathuaai
aeooiaii-eoeueoo?iue iiuo e eioi?iaoeeth. Iineieueeo ioiioaiey
nianoaaiiinoe ia ciaiey e niiniaiinoe, i?aaenoaaeythuea niaie
eiaeeaeaeoaeece?iaaiioth oi?io nianoaaiiinoe, ia iiaoo auoue
aiaeiae/iuie ioiioaieyi i?enaiaiey-io/oaeaeaiey iaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa, oae
eae a yoii neo/aa naiiai io/oaeaeaiey eae oaeiaiai ia nouanoaoao, oi yoi
iicaieyao auaeaeeoue ioiioaiea anaiieueciaaiey, eae aeaaiue yeaiaio
iiaie no?oeoo?u ioiioaiee nianoaaiiinoe iinoeiaeono?eaeueiiai iauanoaa.

?acee/ea eiaeeaeaeoaeece?iaaiiie oi?iu nianoaaiiinoe io /anoiie
iainiiaaii /a?ac e?eoa?ee, iniiaaiiue ia ioiioaieyo
io/oaeaeaaiinoe-iaio/oaeaeaaiinoe iauaeoia nianoaaiiinoe eiaeeaeaea.
Anee i?e /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe aeaaiuie yaeythony ioiioaiey
io/oaeaeaaiinoe iaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa, oi i?e eiaeeaeaeoaeece?iaaiiie —
ioiioaiey iaio/oaeaeaaiinoe aeooiaiuo aeaa.

?ane?uou /anoiay e ainoaea?noaaiiay oi?iu nianoaaiiinoe. Aii?in i
i?ei?eoaoiinoe oie eee eiie oi?iu nianoaaiiinoe i?aaeiieaaaao
?anniio?aiea iaueo i?e/ei, ii?aaeaeythueo yooaeoeaiinoue oi?i
nianoaaiiinoe; a?aieoe, a i?aaeaeao eioi?uo aeaiiay oi?ia nianoaaiiinoe
yooaeoeaia, a oaeaea — eiie?aoiuo oneiaee ioaeaeueii acyoie no?aiu.

A ?aaioa iieacaii, /oi a nayce n ionoonoaeai einoeoooia ?uiea a
o?aiceoeaiii iauanoaa, eaeei e yaeyaony Oe?aeia, aeooaeece?oaony
ooieoeey ainoaea?noaa ii auiieiaieth ?iee noauaeoa nianoaaiiinoe.

Aeieacaia niaea?aeaoaeueiay iaoiaeaeanoaaiiinoue oi?i nianoaaiiinoe,
nouanoaothueo a oneiaeyo nioeeaeecia e ia?aoiaeiiai ninoiyiey iauanoaa,
n oi?iaie nianoaaiiinoe, ooieoeeiie?othueie a anoanoaaiii enoi?e/anee
?acaeouo ainoaea?noaao.

Iiae/a?eeaaaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue /aoeiai ii?aaeaeaiey i?aa nianoaaiiinoe
a yeiiiieea Oe?aeiu, eioi?ua ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue naieoeeiie?iaaiu
aanueia neaai. Yoi iicaieeo nicaeaoue yooaeoeaii aeaenoaothuee einoeooo
/anoiie nianoaaiiinoe. Ia?yaeo n oi?ie?iaaieai iniiaiuo einoeoooia
?uii/iie yeiiiieee, noieo aaaeiay caaea/a caeiiiaeaoaeueiiai cae?aieaiey
i?aaeaeia ?aaeecaoeee yeiiiie/aneie aeanoe ca ioaeaeueiuie o?iaiyie
ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey. Naaiaeiy ?aaeueiuie nianoaaiieeaie
yeiiiie/aneie aeanoe aunooiatho aaeieieno?aoeaii-yeiiiie/aneea a?oiiu,
i?aaenoaaeythuea niaie iauaaeeiaiea i?aaenoaaeoaeae ainoaea?noaaiiiai
aiia?aoa e eiiia?/aneeo no?oeoo? e neoaeauea ?aaeecaoeee naieo
iieeoe/aneeo e yeiiiie/aneeo oeaeae.

?aeiiaiaeiaaii eniieueciaaiea o?ai/aeceiaa eae oi?iu aaaeaiey iaeiai e
n?aaeiaai aeciana. I?aaeeiaeaii nicaeaiea aeaieiuo i?aaei?eyoee a
?aaeiia n oeaeueth i?eaea/aiey i?yiuo eiino?aiiuo eiaanoeoeee.

Ioa?aeoa?eciaaiu iniiaiua iieiaeaiey eiioeaioeee aeaiaaeiiai yoaia
i?eaaoecaoeee. I?aaeaea anaai, iniiaiay /anoue n?aaenoa io i?eaaoecaoeee
aeieaeia auoue iai?aaeaia ia iiaea?iecaoeeth iioaioeeaeueii
eiieo?aioiniiniaiuo i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneeo no?oeoo?. Iaiaoiaeeii
i?eieiaoue ai aieiaiea cia/eiinoue iauaeoa ainoaea?noaaiiie
nianoaaiiinoe aeey yeiiiieee a oeaeii e aeey ?aoaiey
iauaainoaea?noaaiiuo caaea/. Oeaeaniia?acii o/eouaaoue aiciiaeiinoe
iioaioeeaeueiiai noauaeoa i?eaaoece?iaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe yooaeoeaii
eniieueciaaoue i?enaiaiiue iauaeo. E?iia oiai, neaaeoao i?aeoeeiaaoue
caeeth/aiea aeiaiai?ia iaaeaeo nianoaaiieeii i?aaei?eyoey e
niioaaonoaothuei i?aaiii, /oi iicaieeo ii?aaeaeeoue ia oieueei i?aaa e
iaycaiiinoe noi?ii, ii e iaoaieci i?eaea/aiey e ioaaonoaaiiinoe a neo/aa
iaauiieiaiey naieo iaycaoaeuenoa. I?iaaaeaiea aeaiaaeiiai yoaia
i?eaaoecaoeee iicaieeo nicaeaoue iiiai/eneaiiue eeann yooaeoeaii
aeaenoaothueo /anoiuo nianoaaiieeia, i?eaea/ue oeiainiaua n?aaenoaa aeey
icaei?iaeaiey i?aaei?eyoee e iiiiaeao ?aoeoue caaea/o iiiieiaiey
ainoaea?noaaiiiai e ianoiuo athaeaeaoia.

Oaeaeaii aieiaiea aii?ino eiaanoeoeee a /aeiaa/aneee eaieoae, iineieueeo
eiaiii aioo?aiiea ea/anoaa /aeiaaea, aai ciaiey e niiniaiinoe
i?eia?aoatho naaiaeiy aeiieie?othuaa cia/aiea. I?iecaaaeaii ooi/iaiea a
iaoaiaoe/aneie e a?aoe/aneie iiaeaee eiaanoeoeee a /aeiaa/aneee eaieoae,
eioi?ia iicaieeei i?aia?aciaaoue yoo iiaeaeue e aieaa iauaio aeaeo, /oi
aeaao aiciiaeiinoue aeey aieaa oe?ieiai aa i?eiaiaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nianoaaiiinoue, ?acaeaeaiii-niaianoiay nianoaaiiinoue,
i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe, o?aiceoeey.

ANNOTATION

Natali V. Chesnokova. Property: Maintenance and Reforming in
Transitional Economy.

The Dissertation is presented as a claim for the Candidate degree of
Economic sciences, speciality 08.01.01 — economic theory.

Kharkov State University, Kharkov, 1999.

The paper considers the property relations reforming questions in
Transition Ukraine economy going on at the background of the basic world
tendencies of the Post-Industrial society formation — developing
processes of socialization and humanization.

The economic rights theory basis of ownership is defined. The
relationship of all using as the principal element of the new property
relations structure at the Post-Industrial stage of the society
development is singled out. The private and state property forms are
revealed. The state function as the property subject in Transition
economy is defined. The distinction of the individualized property form
from the private one is grounded. Making franchising using as the
authority form of small and middle business is recommended. The creation
of double enterprises in the region for the purpose of attracting
straight foreign investments is offered. The basic conception
regulations of money privatization stage are characterized. The
investments model into the human capital is made precise.

Key words: property, parted-joint property, ownership rights,
Transition.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione ae.a.i., i?io. Caaei?iaeiee A.A.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 1.10.1999 ?. Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

Oi?iao 60o84/16. Caiiaeaiiy ? 09/99. Ianya 0,9 ae.a.

?AA O?AI 310002, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. A?oaia, 8.

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