IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey

AO?AIAeI

Ay/aneaa ?aaeiie?iae/

OAeE 616.314-089.25-053.8

AEA*AIIss

A?EIAEO CI?I

IEETHC?EII? IEIUEIE COAIEO ?ssAe?A

14.01.22 — noiiaoieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?IANI?ssAeUeEI AAEA??E
IAO?IAE*,Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey,caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?oiiaaee/ii? noiiaoieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? OE?N IAO?I
NAIAIIAE*, Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey,caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?oiaeiio?? ? i?iiaaeaaoeee
i?oiiaaee/ii? noiiaoieia??;aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
A?EIEEEOeUeEA AAEEIA OAAeI??AIA,Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oa?aiaaoe/ii?
noiiaoieia??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueea iaaee/ia noiiaoieia?/ia aeaaeai?y, i.
Iieoaaa,eaoaae?a oa?aiaaoe/ii? noiiaoieia??.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “9” aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 13 30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.003.03 i?e
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey ca
aae?anith: i.Ee?a, aoe. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, 17.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, i.Ee?a, aoe. Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea, 17.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “29” /a?aiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaiee a/aii? ?aaee ss.I. A?oianueeee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Aea/aiiy i?iaeaie ieethc?? oa a?oeeoeyoe?? ia?
aaeeea caaaeueiia?ieia?/ia oa caaaeueiiiaaee/ia cia/aiiy, oiio na?aae
?ioeo iniaeeaa i?noea iin?aeathoue aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?oieia?/iiai
aea?aaeaioo ooieoe??.C oaeeo iiceoe?e aaeeea oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny
?iaioai, a yeeo aeaiaeyoueny caeiiii??iino? aoaeiae aeoaaeueiiai
aia?aoo ethaeeie ia o?eueee c a?ieia?/ieo, aea e c o?ceei — iaoaiaoe/ieo
iiceoe?e [Naiiaeieeia A.E.,1984, Oiaeaaneee N.E.,1984, Eaa/aiei E.O.,
1991, AEoeaa A.I.,1991, Rekow E. D., 1987, Harvey W. L., Hatch R. A.,
Osborne J. W., 1991, Mamooti J. A.,1994, Pelletier L. B., 1992].

I?e noai?aii? ooo/ieo coaieo ?yae?a i?ae /an i?ioacoaaiiy iaiao?aeii
caaaeaoe ia oa, yeei /eiii a?eia? ci?ie ia?aiao??a ieethc?eieo
iiaa?oiiue aieeaathoue ia i?ioeane aeoaaiiy oa iia’ycai? c ?ioeie
aeaiaioaie coai-uaeaiii? nenoaie. Aea/aiiy oaeeo ca’yce?a ? aeooaeueiith
i?iaeaiith i?oiiaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?? [ Ia?eeia A. A., Eoaeeeeia C.
A.,1990, ?yoianueeee I. I.,1992, Oaie?aaaa I.A.,1989, Oe?aeineee N.
A.,1993, Formby W. A., Nanda R. S., Currier G. F.,1994, Song H. W,
Jia J. T., Cameron J. M.,1991]

?nio? e?eueea i?eioeei?a iiaoaeiae ieethc?eieo iiaa?oiiue, ui iacaaii
oai??yie a?oeeoeyoe??. Aaoi?e oeeo oai??e ia i?eaiaeyoue aeineoue
ia’?eoeaieo aeaieo aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy ?o ?noeiiino?, a oaeiae ia
aa?ooue aei oaaae a?eia? ci?ie, ui a ??ci?e i??? i?enooi? o eiaeiiai
iaoe??ioa[?yoianueeee I. I.,1992, Naiiaeieeia A. E.,1984, Oiaeaaneee N.
?., *a?iuo A.O.,1973, Weiner S., 1995].

Ia oeyoo aei aeei?enoaiiy ?ioaa?aeueieo ia?aiao??a ioe?iee noa??iiy
oe?e?niiai coai-uaeaiiiai aia?aoo aaaeeeaei ? aea/aiiy a?eiaeo ci?i
ie?aieo eiai ia?aiao??a c iaoith ?o eiiieaenii? ioe?iee aeey oi/ii?
ae?aaiinoeee ? i?oiiaaee/iiai e?eoaaiiy. Oiio i?oiiaaee/ia e?eoaaiiy
iaoe??io?a o a?eiaiio aniaeo? ? iaei??th c aeooaeueieo i?iaeai
i?oiiaaee/ii? noiiaoieia??[Caenii I. E., Iynaoeeee I. ?. oa ?i.,1993,
Oaaoiaa A. A.,1996, Oaa?oe A. Ae.,1994, Flint S., Scully C.,1988,
Tallgren A., Solow B. 1991].

Aei oeueiai /ano ia aea/ai? ii?oi–ooieoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino?
eiiieaenieo a?eiaeo o?c?ieia?/ieo ci?i aeoaaeueiiai aia?aoo, ui
ni?eythoue anoaiiaeaiith a?eiai? o?c?ieia?/ii? ??aiiaaae.

Ia anoaiiaeai? e?eoa??? a?eiai? ii?ie aeey aeeoa?aioe?eii? ae?aaiinoeee
a?eiaeo ci?i iniaeeainoae ieethc?eii? ii?oieia?? oa eiino?othaaiiy
i?ioac?a.

Ae??oaiiy oeeo ieoaiue ia? aaeeea oai?aoe/ia oa i?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy, ui
iaoiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue aeaii? ?iaioe, iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoe oa
iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
i?oiiaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?? IIO “Aca?iiiaoiiaeai?noue ci?i ieethc?eii?
ieiueie oa ne?iiaai-ieaeiueiuaeaiiiai noaeiao”, ui aeeiio?oueny o
1997-1999 ?ieao ii ieaio IIC Oe?a?ie (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? ?
1960V007061).

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? anoaiiaeaiiy a?eiaeo ci?i
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ca’yce?a coai-uaeaiii? nenoaie aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?oiiaaee/iiai e?eoaaiiy.

Iinoaaeai? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aecia/eoe a?iiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ieethc?eii? iiaa?oi? coaieo
?yae?a i?e ?ioaeoiiio i?oiaiaoe/iiio oa i?yiiio i?eeon? o iaoe??io?a
a?eii a?ae 21 aei 60 ?ie?a ? noa?oa.

2. Ioe?ieoe a?eiao ii?oieia?th NIUN ca aeiiiiiaith ?aioaaiieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?aioaai?anueei? oiiia?ao?? oa eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao??.

3. I?iaanoe eiiieaeni? ee?i?ei-ii?oieia?/i? ia?aeae? a?eiaeo ci?i
noi?iiaaiiai coai-uaeaiiiai aia?aoo.

4. Ca aeiiiiiaith aeine?aeaeaieo iaie ia?aiao??a ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa???
ioe?iee a?eiai? ii?ie noi?iiaaiiai coai-uaeaiiiai aia?aoo.

5. Ia iniia? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeaoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
eiino?othaaiith ieethc?eii? ii?oieia?? ooo/ieo coa?a ? coaieo ?yae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia

Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii aca?iica’ycee i?ae ii?oieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie
aeoaaeueiiai aia?aoo o a?eiaiio aniaeo?. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
iathoue ye oai?aoe/ia, oae ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

I?iaaaeaii i?ea?iaeueia a?iiao?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ieethc?eii?
ii?oieia?? noi?iiaaieo coaieo ?yae?a o iaoe??io?a ii a?eiaei a?oiai a?ae
21 aei 60 ?ie?a ? noa?oa.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii eiii’thoa?io i?ia?aio aeey iiaoaeiae ieethc?eieo
e?eaeo ia iniia? aeaieo a?iiao?e/ieo aei??thaaiue.

Io?eiaii e?eoa??? ioe?iee a?eiai? ii?ie ia iniia? ee?i?ei-ii?oieia?/ii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aeoaaeueiiai aia?aoo.

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a c?iaeaii aianie a oai?aoe/io
?ioa?i?aoaoe?th aoaeiae coai-uaeaiiiai aia?aoo ethaeeie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

?ic?iaeaii e?eoa??? ioe?iee a?eiai? ii?ie ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ieethc?eii? ii?oieia??, ui aeicaiey? ee?i?/ii aeaoa?i?ioaaoe
a?eiai-o?c?ieia?/iee noai aeoaaeueiiai aia?aoo.

Io?eiaii aeai?eoi i?iaiicoaaiiy ieethc?eii? iaoieia??, a ?acoeueoao?
canoinoaaiiy yeiai, ii?yae ?c ?ioeie iaoiaeaie, iiaeia aeyaeoe
ieethc?ei? ii?ooaiiy aaea ia noaee?i?/iiio aoai? oa iiia?aaeeoe ?o.

?ic?iaeaii iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii noai?aiith ieethc?eii?
ii?oieia?? ooo/ieo coa?a ? coaieo ?yae?a o caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo
iaoe??ioa.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo

I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny o ?iaio? i?oiiaaee/iiai
a?aeae?eaiiy Oa?eoi??aeueiiai iaaee/iiai ia’?aeiaiiy “Noiiaoieia?y” i.
Ee?aa, i?oiiaaee/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy noiiaoieia?/ii? iie?ee?i?ee i?e
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?, i. Ee?a, a oaeiae ia eaoaae??
i?oiiaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.I. Aiaiiieueoey, i. Ee?a.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ia
eaoaae?? i?oiiaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey, i. Ee?a.

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii “I?eno??e aeey ae?aaiinoeee
iaoieia?/iiai noe?aiiy coa?a”, cayaea ia aeiao?ae ? 98062997 c
i??i?eoaoii a?ae 10.06.98.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Aaoi?ii iniaenoi i?iaaaeaii an? ee?i?/i? oa ?ino?oiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ocaaaeueiaii oa nenoaiaoeciaaii io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe,
i?iaaaeaii ?o iaoaiaoe/io ia?iaeo, noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
?iaioe, ?acii ?c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii aecia/ai? iniiai? aeniiaee oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe??. Ca o/anoth aaoi?a ?ic?iaeaii eiii’thoa?io i?ia?aio aeey
iiaoaeiae ieethc?eieo e?eaeo ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a a?iiao?e/ieo
aei???a. Cai?iiiiiaaii “I?eno??e aeey ae?aaiinoeee iaoieia?/iiai
noe?aiiy coa?a”

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
I ?anioaeeeaine?e eiioa?aioe?? “Nia?aiaiiay noiiaoieiaey e /aethnoii —
eeoeaaay oe?o?aey” (i.Ee?a, 1998) oa ia eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e
70-??//th Iaeanueeiai IAe? noiiaoieia?? (i.Iaeana,1998).

Ioae?eaoe?? ii oai? aeena?oaoe??

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii /ioe?e
iaoeia? noaoo? o aeaeaiiyo, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo AAE Oe?a?ie, oa iaeia – ye
oace iaeiai? ?iaioe.

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i aeena?oaoe??

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??ae?a oa
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaaiai?aiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa
nieneo e?oa?aoo?e.

Oaeno aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ia 103 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno, ?ethno?iaaii
15 oaaeeoeyie, 32 ?enoieaie. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e caeia? 19 noi??iie ?
neeaaea? 192 aeaea?aea, c ieo 120 a?o/eciyieo ? NIA, oa 72 ?iicaiieo
aaoi?a.

I N I I A I E E C I ? N O

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iniiaia iaoeiai-aeine?aeia ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia aiae?c? ianoaaeaiiy 129
iaoe??io?a, ui neeaee /ioe?e a?eiaeo a?oie:1 a?oia — 20 -35 ?ie?a (42
niinoa?aaeaiiy); 2 a?oia — 36 — 45 ?ie?a (36 niinoa?aaeaiue); 3 a?oia —
46 — 60 ?ie?a (30 niinoa?aaeaiue); 4 a?oia — 60 ?ie?a ? noa?oa (21
niinoa?aaeaiiy)

Aiae?c aeaieo i?iaiaeeany c o?aooaaiiyi aeaeo i?eeono — i?oiaiaoe/iiai —
o 59 % iaoe??io?a, i?yiiai — o 41 % iaoe??io?a. Ie na?aeiii ia
i?iaiaeeee aiaeia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy o in?a c ?ioeie aeaeaie i?eeono,
oiio, ui, ca?aeii c aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e oa iaoeie niinoa?aaeaiiyie aiie
neeaaeathoue iaeee a?aenioie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoe??io?a c iaoith aea/aiiy a?eiaeo ci?i ieethc?eii?
ieiueie ia?aaeaa/aei aea/aiiy aiaoiii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i aeaiaio?a
coai-uaeaiiiai aia?aoo. Aeey aeacaii? iaoe canoiniaoaaee oae? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye ee?i?/iee, a?iiao?e/iee, aeaeo?ii?ia?ao?/iee,
?aioaaiieia?/iee, ia?aee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?e aeeiiaii? ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeanue niaoe?aeueii
?ic?iaeaia iaie ea?oa ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a, ui aeiiiaithaaea
caaaeueiii?eeiyoo ?noi??th oai?iae ioieoaie ii aeaoaeueiiio iieooaaiith,
oa?aeoa?enoeoe? coaieo ?yae?a, oiiia?ao?/ieie iniaeeainoyie coa?a,
ee?i?/ieie iieacieeaie oeaiei ia?iaeiioo, aeoaaeuei?e nenoai? i’yc?a,
noaio ne?iiaai — ieaeiueiuaeaiiiai noaeiao.

Ee?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny ii caaaeueiii?eeiyo?e iaoiaeeoe?,
ui neeaaeaeanue ?c aiaiiaco oa iaeyaeo, ui aeeth/aa aecia/aiiy
aio?iiieia?/iiai oeio iaee//y, aeaeo i?eeono oa ?i. Ca aeiiiiiaith
noiiaoieia?/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th i?iaiaeeee iaeyae ii?iaeieie ?ioa,
iaeueiaoe?th, ia?eon?th, ciiaeoaaiiy, a oaeiae io?eiaiiy a?aeaeoe?a ?c
uaeai aeey ianooiii? a?iiao???, ui i?iaiaeeeany ia a?iniaeo iiaeaeyo.
I?e iieooaaii? ian oe?eaaea noai coa?a, ynai, ia?iaeiioo — a?eue,
e?iaioi/ea?noue, ?ooeea?noue ? iieiaeaiiy ie?aieo coa?a (ae?anoaie,
o?aie, eiiaa?aaioe?y, aeeaa?aaioe?y, aenoaaiiy ie?aieo coa?a oa ?i.);
aeo eiaoaiiy oa ia?aooieoe?? aeoaaeueieo i’yc?a, i?enooi?noue a?oenecio
; ooieoe?y NIUN ( iaiaaeaiiy ?oo?a ieaeiuei? uaeaie, eyne?o, a?eue a
noaeia?). Iiae /an iaeyaeo coaieo ?yaeia aecia/aee oei i?eeono, noe?aiiy
(oiciieiai/ia /e iaoieia?/ia), iayaiinoue oa nooiiiue iaieaiiy ei?aiia,
i?enooiinoue oa eieueeinoue coaiiai eaiaith, a oaeiae ioeiithaaee noai
neeciai? iaieiiee. Ooi/ithaaee aiaiiac aeeooy iaoe??ioa, ia?aianai? oa
oaia??oi? caoai?thaaiiy, niaaeeia?noue, aeiaeyae ca coaaie, oe?aeeea?
cae/ee. Ioe?ithaaee noai coa?a i?e i?oiaiaoe/iiio oa i?yiiio i?eeonao,
oa?aeoa?ecoaaee o?iioaeuei? oa aieia? ae?eyiee coaieo ?yae?a, ia’?eoeaii
aea/aee ieethc?ei? aca?iia?aeiineie coa?a, eiio?ao?aoe?th oa ii?oieia?th
ieethc?eii? iiaa?oi?. I?e oeueiio i?eae?eyeanue oaaaa caaaeueiiio noaio
ieethc??, ieiu? ieethc?eieo eiioaeo?a coa?a, oi?ioaaiith ieethc?eieo
oanao noe?aiiy. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? oeaiei ia?iaeiioo iaei cia/aiiy
iayai?noue coaieo a?aeeeaaeaiue, caiaeaiiy ynai oa ?o e?iaioi/eaino?,
iaoieia?/ieo coai-yniaaeo eeoaiue.

C iaoith iiaeaeueoi? a?iiao??? ieethc?eii? iiaa?oii coaieo ?yaeia
io?eioaaeenue aeiaaiinoe/ii iiaeaei uaeai, oa ii ieo aeaioiaeyee aiiniai
iiaeaei. E??i a?iiao?e/ieo aei???a, io?eiaii iiaeaei aeicaieyee iai
aea/eoe oi?io coaieo aeoa, aiaenooiinoue aai iayaiinoue aeaoi?iaoe??,
ieethcieii eiioaeoe iiaeiaaiiieo oa yce/ieo aoa?ia, nooiiiue
ia?ae?eaaiiy ieaeiio ia?aaeiio coaia aa?oiiie, caaaeueiee oa?aeoa?
ieethcieii? e?eai? o naaioaeueiiio oa o?ainaa?caeueiiio iai?yiao.

A?iiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?aeiinii i???ioiaii? ieiueie (II)
aecia/aeenue aeey cacaeaeaa?aeue ia?aieo oa?aeoa?ieo oi/ie ieethc?eii?
iiaa?oi? coaieo ?yae?a. Ca oa?aeoa?i? oi/ee aoei acyoi ??aeo/? e?a?
o?iioaeueieo coa?a, aa?oeie ai?aee?a oa aeii o?no? iiey??a oa i?aiiey??a
(?en.1).

Ca i???ioiaio(II), aai aaciao, ie i?eeiaee ieiueio, yeo aoei caaeaii
o?ueiia ioieoaie: na?aaeiy eiioaeoia oi/ea ??aeo/eo e?a?a ieaei?o
oeaio?aeueieo ??coe?a oa aeenoaeueii-aoeeaeuei? ai?aeee ae?oaeo iiey??a
c iaio noi??i ( ia ?en.1 a?aeiia?aeii oi/ee 9 oa 1 ).

Aeey ioe?iee naa?oaeueii? ieethc?eii? e?eai? aecia/aeenue eii?aeeiaoe ii
aa?oeeaeuei?e in? (eii?aeeiaoa Z), a aeey ioe?iee o?ainaa?caeueii?
ieethc?eii? e?eai? aeiaeaoeiai aecia/aeenue eii?aeeiaoe ? ii
ai?eciioaeuei?e in? (eii?aeeiaoa Y).

?en.1. Oi/ee aeey aecia/aiiy a?iiao?e/ieo eii?aeeiao.

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 — aoeeaeuei? ai?aeee iiey??a oa i?aiiey??a; 7, 8, 9
— ??aeo/? e?a? o?iioaeueieo coa?a; 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 — yce/i?
ai?aeee iiey??a oa i?aiiey??a

Ca aeaieie io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iaoaiaoe/iiai niiae?aaiiy neeaaeaii
a?ao?ee a?aeoeeaiue caaeaieo oi/ie a?ae II ii naa?oae? oa ii
o?ainaa?cae?. Aeey c?o/iino? /eoaiiy /a?ac oi/ee ca aeiiiiiaith
niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaii? eiii’thoa?ii? i?ia?aie i?iaaaeaii e?ea? A,A,N,D
– aeey naa?oaeueieo e?eaeo oa ii o?noue o?ainaa?caeueieo e?eaeo
a?aeiia?aeii oi/eai ia ai?aeeao aeoaaeueieo coa?a.

A?iiao?e/i? aei??thaaiiy eii?aeeiao ai?aee?a oa o?no? i?aiiey??a oa
iiey??a aeiiiiiaei aecia/eoe aenioo aeoaaeueieo ai?aee?a oeeo coa?a c
iaoith ii??aiyiiy aiaeia?/ieo iieaciee?a ii a?eiaei a?oiai aeey
aecia/aiiy o?c?ieia?/ii? ii?ie a?eiaiai noe?aiiy a aaniethoieo /eneao.

Aei??e o?ainaa?caeueiiai eooa aeueoa i?ae i???ioiaiith ieethc?eiith
ieiueiith oa ieethc?eiith iiaa?oiath i?aiiey??a oa iiey??a aeicaieeei
aecia/eoe a?eia? iniaeeaino? oeueiai iieacieea.

Aeey eiiieaenii? ioe?iee a?eiaeo ci?i aeoaaeueiiai aia?aoo, ii?yae c
?ioeie iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeany aeaeo?ii?ia?ao?y, ui
aeicaieeei ia i?aenoaa? caieno a?iiioaioe?ae?a aeoaaeueieo i’yc?a ?iaeoe
aeniiaie i?i ?o ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai.

Aeey aaeaeaaoiiai iieno a?eiaeo ci?i ne?iiaai-ieaeiueiuaeaiiiai noaeiao
aoea aea/aia ii?iaeueia a?eiaa aiaoii?y NIUN ca aeiiiiiaith
oeaoaeiiao?e/ieo aei???a ia eiii’thoa?ii — oiiia?ao?/ieo ci?ieao
(anueiai aeine?aeaeaii 74 iaoe??ioe o a?oe? 21 — 68 ?ie?a). EO aeicaiey?
oi/ii aecia/eoe ?ici??e iiacaeiaaeiuei? in? noaeiaieo aieiaie oa eoo
aaoa, ui ooai?aiee ?o ia?ao?auaiiyi. Ii aaee/ei? oeueiai eooa oa
i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiith eiai i?iaeoe?? iiaeia noaeeoe i?i
aiaoiii-o?c?ieia?/iee noai noaeiaieo aieiaie, ui ia? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
aeey i?ioacoaaiiy.

Io?eiai? iaie aeai? a i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co aea/aieo ia?aiao??a
aoei ia?iaeaii ni?iuaieie iaoiaeaie noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee ca e?eoa???i
No’thaeaioa.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy

Iieacieee, ui aoei io?eiaii aeey in?a ia?oi? a?eiai? a?oie, aoei
aeei?enoaii aeey ii??aiyiiy c a?aeiia?aeieie ia?aiao?aie iaoe??io?a
ae?oai?, o?aouei? oa /aoaa?oi? a?eiaeo a?oi.

A?iiao?e/i? aei??e (anueiai 129)i?iaiaeeeenue a?aeiinii i???ioiaii?
ieiueie (II), yea aoea caaeaia na?aaeiueith eiioaeoiith oi/eith ??aeo/eo
e?a?a ieaei?o oeaio?aeueieo ??coe?a ? aa?oeiaie aeenoaeueii —
aoeeaeueieo ai?aee?a ae?oaeo iiey??a . Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui
a?iiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ioaeoieo coaieo ?yae?a caaaeyee ooai?aiith
ieaaieo e?eaeo iathoue ia`?eoeaiee oa?aeoa?, a iaoaiaoe/ia niiae?aaiiy
i?aeeyaa? ii?iaeueiiio caeiio ?iciiae?eo (e?ea? aeey ia?oi? ? /aoaa?oi?
a?eiaeo a?oi i?aaenoaaeaii ia ?en.2).

Neioni?aeaeueiee oa?aeoa? naa?oaeueieo e?eaeo oa ?o ?icoaooaaiiy ia
??ciiio ??ai? a?aeiinii II na?ae/eoue i?i iaoee aeoaaeueii? iiaa?oi?
coa?a aei oeaio?o. Oa?aeoa? o?ainaa?caeueieo e?eaeo (?en.3) na?ae/eoue
i?i iaoee aeoaaeueieo iiaa?oiiue iiey??a ? i?aiiey??a aei II, i?e/iio c
a?eii aeueoa (eoo iaoeeo ieethc?eii? iiaa?oi? aei II) ciaioo?oueny ii
an?i o?ainaa?caeueiei aei??thaaiiyi(oaae.1). Ie??i oiai, o an?o a?eiaeo
a?oiao aeueoa iaea?eueoee a iaeano? ia?oeo i?aiiey??a, ciaioo?oueny aei
ia?oeo iiey??a ? ciiao ca?eueoo?oueny ia ae?oaeo iiey?ao(oaae1.).

I?e aca?iiiio ia’?iii — i?inoi?iaiio aiae?c? naa?oaeueieo ?
o?ainaa?caeueieo ieethc?eieo e?eaeo iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i
aae?ei?aeaeuei?noue(ni??aea-iiae?ai?noue) ieethc?eiiai ?aeue?oo iiey??a
? i?aiiey??a o in?a an?o a?eiaeo a?oi .

?en.2. Naa?oaeuei? ieethc?ei? e?ea?

A ,B,C,D— naa?oaeuei? ieethc?ei? e?ea? (a?aeiia?aeii ia?oi?, ae?oai?,
o?aouei? oa /aoaa?oi? a?eiaeo a?oi; 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 — a?iiao?e/i?
oi/ee.

Ia?oa a?eiaa a?oia, *aoaa?oa a?eiaa a?oia,?en.3. O?ainaa?caeuei?
ieethc?ei? e?ea? aeey i?oiaiaoe/iiai i?eeono (oi/ee 4-12).

Oaae.1.

Cia/aiiy eooa aeueoa ii a?eiaei a?oiai

CoaOi/eeA?eiaa
a?oia1234ce?aani?aaace?aani?aaace?aani?aaace?aani?aaa71–151618151497432–
1415191412863263–136115422004–1261043210055–11171811127102546–1036322627
23231820

Ae?aaeaia eiiaa?aaioe?y aeoaaeueii? iiaa?oi? coa?a ii naa?oae? ?
o?ainaa?cae? (ooai?aiiy eooa aeueoa oa oa?aeoa?ia iai?ae?oaea oi?ia
a?aeiia?aeieo e?eaeo o ii?aeiaii? c iniaeeainoyie ii?oieia?? NIUN (neao
noaeiaiiai ai?aeea, eoo i?ae iiacaeiaaei?ie inyie noaeiaieo aieiaie —
iicaaeouaeaiiee eoo aaoa) iiaea aooe o?aeoiaaia o i?aeo?eieo
aae?ei?aeaeueii — noa?e/iiai iaoai?cio a?oeeoeyoe?? o in?a c ?ioaeoieie
coaieie ?yaeaie, i?oiaiaoe/iei aai i?yiei i?eeonii o a?oe? 21-30 ?ie?a.
Oaea ni??aeaiiae?aia iniaeea?noue aoaeiae e?eaeo iiaea aooe iiyniaia
i?aaaethaaiiyi aa?oeeaeueieo ?oo?a a iaeano? i?aiiey??a(ye ? ??coe?a oa
?ee?a), ia a?aei?io a?ae iaeano? iiey??a, aea i?aaaeththoue
ai?eciioaeuei? ?ooe(?iciaethaaiiy oa?/iai? a?oaeee).

I?e/iio i?e ii??aiyiiio aea/aii? a?ao?e?a o?ainaa?caeueieo ?
naa?oaeueieo e?eaeo yne?aai aeaeii, ui a ae?eyioe? nueiieo ?, iniaeeai,
oinoeo coa?a naa?oaeuei? e?ea? iathoue iaea?eueoo aiie?ooaeo a?aeoeeaiiy
a?ae II, a o?ainaa?caeuei? – iaeiaioee eoo aeueoa i?ae II oa
ieethc?eiith iiaa?oiath (a?aeiia?aeii oi/ee1,2,3,4 aeey naa?oaeueieo ?
e?ea? 2-14, 3-13, 4-12 aeey o?ainaa?caeueieo). I?ioe oeueiai, a
ae?eyioe? i?aiiey??a eoo aeueoa iaea?eueoee (e?ea? 5-11,6-10) ,a
naa?oaeuei? e?ea? iaaeeaeai? aei II (oi/ee5,6).

C a?eii /?oei aeaeii oaiaeaioe?th aei aca?iiiai caeeaeaiiy ieethc?eieo
e?eaeo i?ae niaith oa caaaeueia iaaeeaeaiiy an?o e?eaeo aei II. I?e/iio
ni??aeaiiae?ai?noue ieethc?eiiai ?aeue?oo c a?eii noa? iaio ae?aaeaiith
ca ?aooiie ae?eyiee i?aiiey??a, aea ca?eueoo?oueny /anoea
o?ainaa?caeueieo ?oo?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei aa?oeeaeueieo caaaeyee
o?c?ieia?/iiio noe?aiith aeoaaeueieo ai?aee?a.

A?iiao?e/i? aei??thaaiiy eii?aeeiao ai?aee?a oa o?no? i?aiiey??a oa
iiey??a aeiiiiiaei aecia/eoe aenioo aeoaaeueieo ai?aee?a oeeo coa?a c
iaoith ii??aiyiiy aiaeia?/ieo iieaciee?a ii a?eiaei a?oiai aeey
aecia/aiiy o?c?ieia?/ii? ii?ie a?eiaiai noe?aiiy a aaniethoieo /eneao.
Aeey ia?oi? a?eiai? a?oie na?aaeiy aenioa ai?aee?a oinoeo coa?a neeaea
2,09 ii, aeey /aoaa?oi? – 0,95 ii, ??cieoeth i?ae ieie, ui noaiiaeoue
1,14 ii, i?eeiyoi iaie ca o?c?ieia?/io ii?iith noe?aiiy ieethc?eii?
iiaa?oi? aeacaieo coa?a ca 40 ?ie?a aeeooy ethaeeie, ui neeaaeathoue
a?eiao ??cieoeth i?ae ia?oith oa /aoaa?oith a?eiaeie a?oiaie. Ia iniia?
oaeeo caeeth/aiue iaie cai?iiiiiaaii “I?eno??e aeey ae?aaiinoeee
iaoieia?/iiai noe?aiiy coa?a” ia iniia? i?e?iiao?e/iiai aei??thaa/a
aiaeeiieeiaiai oeio (Cayaea ia aeiao?ae ? 98062997 c i??i?eoaoii a?ae
10.06.98?.) c aeianaieie ia e?iiooaeiao aei??thaaeueieie aeaiaioaie, ui
aeicaieythoue ca aeiiiiiaith oi/iiai aei??thaaiiy (aei 0,01ii c
o?aooaaiiyi iioeaee) aenioe aeoaaeueieo ai?aee?a i?iaiaeeoe aecia/aiiy
noe?aiiy oaa?aeeo oeaiei coa?a aaciina?aaeiuei a ii?iaeiei? ?ioa a
aaniethoieo oeeo?ao, yeui i?iaiaeeoe ? ii??aithaaoe i?ae niaith aei??e
/a?ac iaai? i?ii?aeee /ano.

?en.4. Noaia ooai?aiiy eooa aaoa

Oaae. 2.

Aieea a?eo ia ?ici?? eooa aaoa

I?eeonA?eia? a?oie1234I?oiaiaoe/iee130 2,5131 2,31322,2133 2,3I?yiee131
5,2134 3,3136 4,7137 4,3

Aeey aecia/aiiy a?eiaeo ci?i NIUN aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaoiaee
?aioaai-oiiia?ao?? oa eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao??. Ca aeaieie oeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeaeii, ui i?e iaio aeaeao i?eeono ia?aaeiuei-caaei?e
?ici?? noaeiaii? yiee ca?eueoo?oueny, i?e/iio o aeiaaeeo i?yiiai i?eeono
oea i?iyaey?oueny a a?eueo?e i??? — noaeiaia yiea ? noaeiaiee ai?aee
noathoue a?eueo nieiuaieie, neaoe noaeiaieo ai?aee?a c a?eii
ca?eueoothoueny, ciaioo?oueny eoo caaeiueiai neaoo.

Iaoee caaeiueiai neaoo i?e i?yiiio i?eeon? iaioa, i?ae i?e
i?oiaiaoe/iiio, aea a?i ci?ith?oueny c a?eii ? aeinyaa? a /aoaa?o?e
a?eia?e a?oi? iaeiaeiaeo aaee/ei.

I?e ii??aiyii? iieaciee?a, ye? aoei io?eiaii o /ioe?ueio a?eiaeo a?oiao
o in?a c i?oiaiaoe/iei oa i?yiei i?eeonii(oaae.2), iaiao?aeii
a?aei?oeoe, ui c a?eii ca?eueoo?oueny iicaaeouaeaiiee eoo aaoa — i?e
i?yiiio i?eeon? a?ae 131 5,2 aei 1374,3; i?e i?oiaiaoe/iiio — a?ae
1302,5 aei 133 2,3.

Oaeei /eiii, c a?eii niinoa??aa?oueny iaaeeaeaiiy naa?oaeueieo oa
o?ainaa?caeueieo ieethc?eieo e?eaeo aei II, ciaioaiiy ni??aeaiiae?aiino?
ieethc?eieo aca?iia?aeiinei a noi?iio noa?e/iino?, i?i ui, ia?yaeo c
oeei, na?ae/aoue a?eia? ci?ie NIUN — nieiuaiiy ?aeue?oo noaeia?a oa
ca?eueoaiiy iicaaeo-uaeaiiiai eooa aaoa.

Aiae?c io?eiaieo iaie ?acoeueoao?a aeicaiey? c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

A e n i i a e e

1. A?iiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ioaeoieo coaieo ?yae?a a?aeiinii II (ui
caaea?oueny na?aaeiueith eiioaeoiith oi/eith ??aeo/eo e?a?a ieaei?o
oeaio?aeueieo ??coe?a ? aeenoaeueii-aoeeaeueieie ai?aeeaie ae?oaeo
iiey??a) caaaeyee iayaiino? ieaaieo e?eaeo iathoue ia’?eoeaiee oa?aeoa?,
iaoaiaoe/ia niiae?aaiiy i?aeeyaa? ii?iaeueiiio caeiio ?iciiae?eo.
Naa?oaeuei? e?ea?, ui i?iaaaeai? ii aoeeaeueiei ai?aeeai iiey??a ?
ia?aiiey??a, ??aeo/ei e?ayi o?iioaeueieo coa?a oa ii e?iaaaeueiei
ai?aeeai iiey??a ? ia?aiiey??a, iathoue neioni?aeaeueio oi?io.
Iiacaeiaaei? in? eooi?o coa?a eiiaa?aothoue ii naa?oae?, a oaeiae
iathoue iaoee aei oeaio?o ii o?ainaa?cae?.

2. O?ainaa?caeueiee eoo aeueoa iaoeeo ieethc?eii? iiaa?oi? aeoaaeueieo
coa?a aei i???ioiaii? ieethc?eii? ieiueie ia? ??cio aaee/eio aeey
eiaeii? ie?aii? e?eai?, i?iaaaeaii? /a?ac aanoeaoey?i? oa i?aeuei?
ai?aeee a?aeiia?aeieo coa?a aeey an?o a?eiaeo a?oi. O?ainaa?caeuei? eooe
aeueoa iaoeeo ieethc?eii? iiaa?oi? aeoaaeueieo coa?a c a?eii
ciaioothoueny a?ae ia?oi? aei /aoaa?oi? a?eiai? a?oie, ui iiaeiii
aeei?enoiaoaaoenue i?e a?aeoai?aii? ieethc?eii? ii?oieia?? coa?a
a?aeiia?aeieo a?eiaeo a?oi. Caeeaeaiiy aeuaiacaaieo e?eaeo i?ae niaith
oa ciaioaiiy a?aenoai? a?ae ieo aei II iinooiiai a?ae ia?oi? aei
/aoaa?oi? a?eiai? a?oie, na?ae/eoue i?i i?ioeane a?eiaeo ci?i, ui
i?eaiaeyoue aei ciaioaiiy eiiaa?aaioe?? aeoaaeueii? iiaa?oi? coa?a aei
oeaio?o ye ii naa?oae?, oae ? ii o?ainaa?cae?, ui ca?eueoo? ae?aiao?
oiiaii? noa?e, yea iiaea caaeaaaoenue oeeie iiaa?oiyie.

3. Ia?aeaeueii ?c ci?iaie ieethc?eii? ii?oieia?? i?ioiaeyoue a?eia?
ci?ie NIUN, ui ca aeaieie ?aioaai-oiiia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
ae?aaeathoueny o ca?eueoaii? ia?aaeiuei-caaeiueiai ?ici??o noaeiaii?
yiee, ciaioaii? ?? aeeaeie; aenioa ? ia?aaeiuei-caaei?e ?ici??e
noaeiaiiai ai?aeea ciaioothoueny. Ia?aaeiuei — caaei?e ?ici?? noaeiaii?
aieiaee ?noioii ia ci?ith?oueny, a aenioa ciaioo?oueny. Neaoe noaeiaiiai
ai?aeea: ia?aaei?e ca?eueoo?oueny caaei?e ci?ith?oueny iaei, iaoeee
ia?aaeiueiai ? caaeiueiai neao?a ciaioothoueny. Caaeiy, aa?oiy ?
ia?aaeiy aenioa noaeiaii? u?eeie ciaioo?oueny a na?aaeiueiio ia 1,1 —
2,1ii. Ci?ie ii?oieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a NIUN na?ae/aoue i?i a?eiao
oaiaeaioe?th aei nieiuaiiy oa c??aithaaiiy caaaeueiiai ?aeue’?oo
noaeiao, ui a?aeiia?aea? oae?e aea oaiaeaioe?? a?eiaeo ci?i naa?oaeueii?
oa o?ainaa?caeueii? ieethc?eieo e?eaeo (ciaioaiiy aiie?ooaee oa aca?iia
caeeaeaiiy a?ao?e?a e?eaeo ? iaaeeaeaiiy ?o aei II).

4. Aaee/eia eooa aaoa ? aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii ieethc??, ui iiaeiai
a?aoiaoaaoenue i?e aea/aii? ? iiaeaethaaii? a?iiaoai?ee aeoaaeueiiai
aia?aoo, iniaeeai o a?eia?e aeeiai?oe?. Ca aeaieie
eiii’thoa?ii-oiiia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeaii a?eiaa ca?eueoaiiy
iicaaeo-uaeaiiiai eooa aaoa: a?ae 131a?aae. aei 137 a?aae. i?e i?yiiio
i?eeon?, a?ae 130 a?aae. aei 133 a?aae. i?e i?oiaiaoe/iiio o
a?aeiia?aeieo a?eiaeo a?oiao.

5. A eiiieaen? ci?ie naa?oaeueieo ? o?ainaa?caeueieo ieethc?eieo e?eaeo
oa NIUN na?ae/aoue i?i a?eiaa i?aaaethaaiiy o?ainaa?caeueieo ?oo?a,
ia?ao?ae ieethc?eiiai ?aeue?oo ?c ni??aeaiiae?aiiai(noa?e/i?noue a
iniiaiiio a iaeano? iiey??a) a noa?e/iee (noa?e/i?noue ye a iaeano?
iiey??a, oae ? i?aiiey??a).

I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??

1. I?e eiino?othaaii? coaieo ?yae?a c o?aooaaiiyi a?eiaeo ci?i
aeei?enoiaoaaoe oiiaio i???ioiaio ieethc?eio ieiueio, ui caaea?oueny
na?aaeiueith eiioaeoiith oi/eith ??aeo/eo e?a?a ieaei?o oeaio?aeueieo
??coe?a ? aeenoaeueii-aoeeaeueieie ai?aeeaie ae?oaeo iiey??a.

2. Aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiino?othaaiiy eooa iaoeeo aeueoa ieethc?eieo
iiaa?oiiue ie?aii ii eiaei?e o?ainaa?caeuei?e e?ea?e. O?ainaa?caeueiee
eoo aeueoa iaoeeo ieethc?eii? iiaa?oi? aeoaaeueieo coa?a aei i???ioiaii?
ieethc?eii? ieiueie ia? ??cio aaee/eio aeey eiaeii? ie?aii? e?eai?,
i?iaaaeaii? /a?ac aanoeaoey?i? oa i?aeuei? ai?aeee a?aeiia?aeieo coa?a.

3. I?e eiino?othaaii? i?ioac?a aeei?enoiaoaaoe ia/eneai? iaie a?eia?
ci?ie eooa iaoeeo aeueoa ieethc?eieo iiaa?oiiue ie?aii ii eiaei?e
o?ainaa?caeuei?e e?ea?e o a?aeiia?aeieo a?eiaeo a?oiao.

4. I?e eiino?othaaii? naa?oaeueieo ieethc?eieo e?eaeo o i?ioacao
a?aoiaoaaoe ia/eneai? iaie ci?ie ii a?aeiia?aeiei a?eiaei a?oiai.

5. I?e aea/aii? ? iiaeaethaaii? a?iiaoai?ee aeoaaeueiiai aia?aoo,
iniaeeai o a?eia?e aeeiai?oe?, iaiao?aeii a?aoe aei oaaae ci?ie aaee/eie
iicaaeouaeaiiiai eooa aaoa, ui ? aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii ieethc??.

6. Aeei?enoaiiy aeaieo a?eiaiai o?c?ieia?/iiai noe?aiiy oaa?aeeo oeaiei
coaa aeicaieeoue i?iaiaeeoe a?eueo oi/io ae?aaiinoeeo iaoieia?/iiai
noe?aiiy coa?a, a oiio /ene? i?e aeiiiiic? cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaie
i?eno?ith.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ii oai? aeena?oaoe??

1. Iani?yaeueei A.I., Ao?aiaei A.?. A?iiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
?ioaeoieo coaieo ?yae?a i?oiaiaoe/iiai i?eeono. // A?niee noiiaoieia??.
—1997. — ?4.— N. 628-631.

2. Iani?yaeueei A.I., Ao?aiaei A.?. A?iiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
?ioaeoieo coaieo ?yae?a i?oiaiaoe/iiai i?eeono o in?a a?eii 20-30 ?ie?a.
// Nia?aiaiiay noiiaoieiaey e /aethnoii-eeoeaaay oe?o?aey. Nai?iee
oacenia I ?anioaeeeaineie eiioa?aioeee. — Eeaa, 1998. — N.258-260.

3. Iani?yaeueei A.I., Ao?aiaei A.?. A?iiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
?ioaeoieo coaieo ?yae?a i?oiaiaoe/iiai i?eeono a?aeiinii i???ioiaii?
ieethc?eii? ieiueie o in?a a?eii 21-30 ?ie?a. //A?niee iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue. — 1998. —?5-6. — N.19-21.

4. Ao?aiaei A.?. O?aooaaiiy a?eiaeo ci?i i?e eiino?othaaii? coaieo
i?ioac?a. //AEo?iae i?aeoe/aneiai a?a/a. —1998.—?3. — N.46.

5. Ao?aiaei A.?. A?iiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ioaeoieo coaieo ?yae?a
i?oiaiaoe/iiai i?eeono a?aeiinii i???ioiaii? ieethc?eii? ieiueie o in?a
a?eii 46-60 ?ie?a.// Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-iaaee/iee iieiae?aeiee
aeo?iae.— 1998. — ?2-3. — N.139-140.

AIIOAOe?ss

A aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? aeaieo a?iiao??? ieethc?eii? iiaa?oi?
?ioaeoieo coaieo ?yae?a i?oiaiaoe/iiai oa i?yiiai i?eeono oa
aeine?aeaeaiiy ne?iiaai-ieaeiueiuaeaiiiai noaeiao anoaiiaeaii
aca?iica’ycee i?ae ii?oieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie aeoaaeueiiai aia?aoo
o a?eiaiio aniaeo?. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii a?iiao?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy
ieethc?eii? ii?oieia?? noi?iiaaieo coaieo ?yae?a o iaoe??io?a ii a?eiaei
a?oiai a?ae 21 aei 60 ? noa?oa ?ie?a, ?ic?iaeaii eiii’thoa?io i?ia?aio
aeey iiaoaeiae a?ao?e?a ieethc?eieo e?eaeo ia iniia? aeaieo a?iiao?e/ieo
aei??thaaiue. Cai?iiiiiaaii e?eoa??? ioe?iee a?eiai? ii?ie ia iniia?
ee?i?ei-ii?oieia?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeoaaeueiiai aia?aoo. Ia iniia?
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a c?iaeaii aianie a oai?aoe/ia iiyniaiiy aoaeiae
coai-uaeaiiiai aia?aoo ethaeeie oa ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
noai?aiith ieethc?eii? ii?oieia?? ooo/ieo coa?a ? coaieo ?yae?a o
caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo iaoe??ioa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?iiao?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?eiaa ii?ia, ieethc?ei?
e?ea?, ne?iiaai-ieaeiueiuaeaiiee noaeia.

AIIIOAOeEss

A aeenna?oaoeee ia iniiaa aeaiiuo aeiiao?ee ieeethceiiiie iiaa?oiinoe
eioaeoiuo coaiuo ?yaeia i?oiaiaoe/aneiai e i?yiiai i?eeona e
enneaaeiaaiey aeni/ii-ieaeia/aethnoiiai nonoaaa onoaiiaeaiu acaeiinayce
iaaeaeo ii?oieiae/aneeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie aeaaaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa a
aic?anoiii aniaeoa. Aeiiao?e/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee coaiuo ?yaeia
i?iaiaeeeenue ioiineoaeueii i?eaioe?iai/iie ieineinoe (II), eioi?ay
caaeaaaeanue n?aaeeiiie eiioaeoiie oi/eie ?aaeoueo e?aaa ieaeieo
oeaio?aeueiuo ?acoeia e aeenoaeueii-aoeeaeueiuie aoai?eaie aoi?uo
iiey?ia. Aia?aua i?iaaaeaii aeiiao?e/aneia enneaaeiaaiea ieeethceiiiie
ii?oieiaee noi?ie?iaaiiuo coaiuo ?yaeia o iaoeeaioia ii aic?anoiui
a?oiiai: I -20-35 eao, II — 36 –45 eao, III – 46-60 eao, IV — 60 eao e
noa?oa. ?ac?aaioaia eiiiuethoa?iay i?ia?aiia aeey iino?iaiey
naaeooaeueiuo e o?ainaa?caeueiuo ieeethceiiiuo e?eauo ia iniiaa aeaiiuo
aeiiao?e/aneeo ecia?aiee.

I?e aiaeeca iieo/aiiuo e?eauo ioia/aii, /oi naaeooaeueiua e?eaua,
i?iaaaeaiiua ii aoeeaeueiui aoai?eai iiey?ia e i?aiiey?ia e ii ?aaeouei
e?ayi o?iioaeueiuo coaia, eiatho neionieaeaeueioth oi?io ai anao
aic?anoiuo a?oiiao. Aeaaiaea?y iaee/eth ieaaiuo e?eauo, aeiiao?e/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee eiatho iauaeoeaiue oa?aeoa?, iaoaiaoe/aneia iaeeaeaiea
iiaeeaaeeo ii?iaeueiiio caeiio ?ani?aaeaeaiey. O?ainaa?caeueiua oaeu
iaeeiia aeueoa ieeethceiiiie iiaa?oiinoe aeaaaoaeueiuo coaia e
i?eaioe?iai/iie ieineinoe eiatho ?acioth aaee/eio aeey eaaeaeie
ioaeaeueiie e?eaie, i?iaaaeaiiie /a?ac aanoeaoey?iua e i?aeueiua aoai?ee
niioaaonoaothueo coaia aeey anao aic?anoiuo a?oii. N aic?anoii oaie
aeueoa oiaiueoaaony aeey eaaeaeie ioaeaeueiie e?eaie. Niaoeeoe/aneay
oi?ia naaeooaeueiuo e o?ainaa?caeueiuo ieeethceiiiuo e?eauo
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i eiiaa?aaioeee i?iaeieueiuo inae aieiauo coaia ii
naaeooaee e o?ainaa?caee. Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou iaoaiaoe/anee
iiaeoaa?aeaeatho i?aaenoaaeaiea i nouanoaiaaiee ooieoeeiiaeueiiai
oeaio?a aeaaaiey a iaeanoe ia?auo iiey?ia, i /ai naeaeaoaeuenoaoao
iaeaieueoaa ioeeiiaiea naaeooaeueiuo e?eauo e iaeiaiueoee oaie aeueoa a
niioaaonoaothueo oi/eao ai anao aic?anoiuo a?oiiao. Au?aaeaiiay a
?aciie noaiaie eiiaa?aaioeey aeaaaoaeueiie iiaa?oiinoe coaia e oeaio?o
ii naaeooaee e o?ainaa?caee, a oaeaea oa?aeoa?iay oi?ia niioaaonoaothueo
e?eauo iiaeao auoue o?aeoiaaia aeey iiaeaea?aeee
aaeeeieaeaeueii-noa?e/aneie oai?ee a?oeeoeyoeee o eeoe n eioaeoiuie
coaiuie ?yaeaie i?e i?oiaiaoe/aneii e i?yiii i?eeona. Naeeaeaiea
a?aoeeia e?eauo iaaeaeo niaie e oiaiueoaiea ?annoiyiey io ieo aei II
iinoaiaiii io ia?aie aei /aoaa?oie aic?anoiie a?oiiu naeaeaoaeuenoaoao
i i?ioeannao aic?anoiuo eciaiaiee, eioi?ua i?eaiaeyo e oiaiueoaieth
eiiaa?aaioeee aeaaaoaeueiie iiaa?oiinoe coaia e oeaio?o ii naaeooaee e
o?ainaa?caee, /oi oaaee/eaaao aeeaiao? oneiaiie noa?u, eioi?ay iiaeao
caaeaaaoueny yoeie iiaa?oiinoyie.

Oaeaea ecia?aia aaee/eia oeceieiae/aneiai noe?aiey ieeethceiiie
iiaa?oiinoe coaiuo ?yaeia, /oi aeaei aiciiaeiinoue i?aaeeiaeeoue i?eai?
aeey oi/iie aeeaaiinoeee iaoieiae/aneiai noe?aiey oaa?aeuo oeaiae coaa.
Eco/aiu aic?anoiua eciaiaiey ii?oieiaee aeni/ii-ieaeia/aethnoiiai
nonoaaa, a /anoiinoe, ?acia? oaea iaaeaeo i?iaeieueiuie inyie nonoaaiuo
aieiaie. I?aaeeiaeaiu e?eoa?ee ioeaiee aic?anoiie ii?iu ia iniiaa
eeeieei-ii?oieiae/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaaaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa.
I?iaaaeaii enneaaeiaaiea aic?anoiuo eciaiaiee aeiyeaeo?e/aneie
aeoeaiinoe aeaaaoaeueiuo iuooe. Ia iniiaa iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia
naeaeai aeeaae a oai?aoe/aneoth eioa?i?aoaoeeth no?iaiey coai/aethnoiiai
aiia?aoa /aeiaaea, ?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii nicaeaieth
ieeethceiiiie ii?oieiaee eneonnoaaiiuo coaia e coaiuo ?yaeia a
caaeneiinoe io aic?anoa iaoeeaioa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeiiao?e/aneia enneaaeiaaiea, aic?anoiua eciaiaiey,
ieeethceiiiua e?eaua, eioaeoiua coaiua ?yaeu, aeni/ii-ieaeia/aethnoiie
nonoaa.

ANNOTATION

In the dissertation on the basis of given biometry of occlusal surface
of natural dentitions of orthognatic and direct bite and the researches
of a temporomandibular joint are established interrelations between the
morphological characteristics of the chewing system in age aspect.
Biometric research of occlusal morphology of the natural dentitions at
patients on age groups from 21 up to 60 is carried out. Computer program
for construction of the diagrams occlusal curves is developed on the
basis of the given biometric measurements. The criteria of an estimation
of age norm are offered on the basis of the clinical and morphological
characteristic of the mastication system. On the basis of the received
results the contribution to a theoretical explanation of a structure of
dentofacial system of the person is made and is developed the
recommendations for creation of occlusal morphology of artificial teeth
and tooth lines depending on age of a patient.

Key words: biometric measurements, age changes, occlusal curves,
natural dentition, temporomandibular joint.

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