IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?IONEOOO AAIO?CEEE ?i. N.?. NOAAIO?IA

Ua?aeia Na?a?e Aaeaioiiae/

OAeE 550.341

AEA*AIIss I?INOI?IAI-*ANIAI? NO?OEOO?E NAENI?*IINO? IAOIAeAIE
O?AEOAEUeIIAI OA EEANOA?IIAI AIAE?CO

Aaio?ceea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

EE?A 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a a?aeae?e? naeniieia?? ?inoeooo aaio?ceee IAIO

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao o?c.-iao. iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee, caa. a?aeae?eii Ionoia?oaiei Aaea Aaa?ee?aia

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe

Aeieoi? o?c-iao. iaoe Iinoiaee Na?a?e Aaneeueiae/, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo, ?inoeoooo aaio?ceee ?i. N.?.
Noaaio?ia IAIO.

Eaiaeeaeao o?c.-iao. iaoe Eaiaiia?iaenueeee Aiaoie?e A?eai?iae/,
aeioeaio, aeioeaio eaoaae?e caaaeueii? o?ceee N?ioa?iiieueneiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aaio?ceee, i.
Aeiai?iiao?ianuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 18 aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 13 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.200.01 ?inoeoooo aaio?ceee IAIO,
252680, i. Ee?a-142, i?. Iaeeaae?ia, 32.

C aeena?oaoe?ath iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aaio?ceee
IAIO.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee 17 ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A?eei A.N.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo
noeoiiinoae caieao?on?a iaiao?aeii aeey ae??oaiiy aaaaoueio
caaea/ ooiaeaiaioaeueii? ? i?eeeaaeii? naeniieiai? oaeeo ye : i?ioeane
i?aeaioiaee neeueieo caieao?on?a ? ?o i?iaiic, naenii/ia
?aeiioaaiiy, ioe?iea naenii/ii? iaaaciaee a naeniiaeoeaieo ?aa?iiao
Oe?a?ie. Iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeai ? ei?enii ni?iaoaaoe ?ic?iaeoe niiniae ?
i?aeoiaee aeey oiai, uia aeyaeoe aeanio no?oeoo?o naenii/iinoi
iacaeaaeii a?ae ai??i?ieo a?aeiiinoae i?i aaieia?/io no?oeoo?o
?aa?iio. Ianooiia ?? niianoaaeaiiy c aaieia?/ieie oa ?ioeie
aaio?ce/ieie iieyie aeiiiiiaea i?eianoe ?noioiee iiaeeoie a
ae??oaiiy caaea/ naenii/ii? iaaaciaee. Cie?aia, oi?ioa
ia?aiao?ecaoeiy no?oeoo?e c?iaeoue cia/ii yniioith ? /?oeioith
iinoaiiaeo caaea/i i?i /ania? aa??aoe?? naenii/iinoi.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiiaii a a?aeiia?aeiino? c ieaiaie a?aeae?eo naeniieiaii Iinoeoooo
aaio?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie :

1.Ii oai? 1 NIE ”Naenii/ia ?aeiioaaiiy oa?eoi???
Oe?a?ie”-i.5-“Oaeineiiaeeoe ? ?icaeiooe caniae
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aiao??a naenii/iinoi”,1993.

2. Ii oai? “Aea/aiiy i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai aca?iica’yceo
naenii/iinoi naeniiaeoeaieo ?aeii?a Oe?a?ie” — i. 5 — “ I?iaanoe
ocaaaeueiaiiy aeaieo ii ?ic?iaoei iao?aaeeoeieieo cania?a
aea/aiiy i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo aeanoeainoae naenii/iinoi”, 1997 ?.

Iaoa i caaea/i aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. ?ic?iaeoe iia? ? iiaea? iicoaaoe aeaye? ?nioth/? caniae
aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e naenii/iinoi, oeyoii ia?aiino ?o c i?inoi?iai? ?
/aniai? iaeanoae a i?inoi?iai-/aniao, aeei?enoiaoth/e
i?inoi?iai-/aniao iao?eeo. Inioth/? caniae aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e
naenii/iinoi oae? ye : ?iaeaen Ii?ioeoe, ui aecia/a? oei ao?ooaaiiy
noeoiiino? caieao?on?a ( Ouchi, Uekava 1986; A?ao’?a, Oaaaeii 1988 ),
o?aeoaeueia ?icii?iinoue, ui aeicaieeoue ioe?ieoe i??o
aaoa?iaaiiino? noeoiiino? caieao?on?a ? ??aaiue iaea?eueo
?ioaineaiiai eeanoa?iooai?aiiy ( Aaeeieiai oa ?i. 1990, Hirata,
Imoto 1991 ), iciiao?e/ii eeanoa?e, ui c’yaeythoueny aiane?aeie
?icae?eaiiy eaoaeiao ia ?icniyio ? neoi/aio eiiiiiaioe
naenii/iinoi ( A?ao’?a oa ?i. 1989, Oaaaeii oa ?i. 1991 ),
canoiniaoaaeeny ??cieie aaoi?aie aai o?eueee a i?inoi?ia?e aai o?eueee a
/ania?e iaeanoyo. Aeei?enoaiiy i?inoi?iai-/aniai? iao?eee
(Davis&Frohlich 1991 ) aeicaiey? ia?aianoe ?o a i?inoi?iai-/aniao
iaeanoue.

2. Aeei?enoiaoth/e iaiiai ?ic?iaeai? ? iiaea?iiciaaii caniae
aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e naenii/iinoi i?iaanoe aiae?c noeoiiino? caieao?on?a
ia i?aaeiao aeyaeaiiy no?oeoo?e ? ?? e?euee?niiai iieno ( ia
i?eeeaae? caieao?on?a oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie E?einueei-*i?iiii?nueeiai
naenii?aaiiio ) c iaoith ?o ai?iaaoe?? ? oanooaaiiy.

3. Oeyoii e?eoe/iiai aiae?co cania?a, ?icaeiooeo ? aeei?enoaieo a
aeaiiio aeine?aeaeaii?, aeyaeoe ?o iaaeie?ee ? iai?oeoe oeyoe
iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii iiaee
niin?a aeae?eaiiy iineiaeiaiinoae ca’ycaieo iiae?e ??ciiai ??aiy
i?inoi?iai-/aniai? i??a?oi? c iiaiiai eaoaeiao aeey
naenii?aaiiio ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny. Iiiyooy ca’ycaieo iiae?e
cai?iaaaeaeaii ia iniia? ?icaeoeo iiiyooy aooa?oieiaeo ? oi?oieiaeo
iineiaeiaiinoae caieao?on?a. Caniae ia?aiao?ecaoei? no?oeoo?e
naenii/iinoi, oae? ye ?iaeaen Ii?ioeoe ? o?aeoaeueia ?icii?iinoue,
iiaeeoieiaai? oeyoii ia?aiino c i?inoi?iai? /e /aniai? iaeanoae a
i?inoi?iai-/aniao iaeanoue. Aea/ai? /ania? aa??aoe?? ?iaeaeno Ii?ioeoe
? o?aeoaeueii? ?icii?iinoi a i?inoi??-/an?, a oaeiae ca’ycie ci?ie
oeeo ia?aiao?ia a /an? c neeueieie caieao?onaie a oeaio?aeuei?e
/anoei? E?einueei -*i?iiii?nueeiai ?aa?iio. Aea/aiiy /aniaeo aa??aoe?e
?iaeaeno Ii?ioeoe c oi/ee ci?o aeeiai?/ieo nenoai ( oaciai ii?o?aoe,
oeeeea?-ooi ), aeicaieeei aeyaeoe iayai?noue ui iaeiaioa o?ueio
iaoanoaaieueieo noai?a naeniiaaia?oth/iai na?aaeiaeua o
aea/a?iiio naenii?aaiiii, ui ?iaeoue aianie o ?icoiiiiy o?ceee
i?ioean?a ao?ooaaiiy ? aaiaco caieao?on?a. Ooi/iaii iiiyooy
naiiiiaeiaiino? (naiiaooiiiinoi ) aeey ianooaaii-iiaa?iaioieo
noeoiiinoae caieao?on?a o i?inoi??-/an?, iaea?aeaia ei?aeyoeieia
caeaaei?noue i?ae aaee/eiith i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai ianyao ?
aia?aaoe/iei eeanii iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaiai caieao?ono, ui iaa i?noea a
iueiio ( ii iciiao?e/ieo eeanoa?ao). Ni?eueia aeei?enoaiiy niiniao
aeae?eaiiy ca’ycaieo iiae?e ? iciiao?e/ieo eeanoa?ia
aeicaieeei aeyaeoe oiieo no?oeoo?o aooa?oieiaeo
iineiaeiaiinoae, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny ? ?ai?oa ( Ionoiaioaiei A. A.
1982, 1984, 1989 ).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a. Can?a aeae?eaiiy ca’ycaieo
iiae?e aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe c aeo?aeiiai eaoaeiao iaea?eueo
e?oiiiianooaaio, ??aiii??io o i?inoi?? ? o?eaaeo ( noaoe?iia?io) o
/ani eiiiiiaioo naenii/iinoi, iaiao?aeio i?e aea/aii? naenii/iiai
?aaeeio, ioe?ioe? naenii/iiai iioaioe?aeo, ? ?ioeo
ia?aiao??a naenii/iinoi, aeei?enoiaoaaieo i?e ??cieo ?iaioao ii
naenii/iiio ?aeiioaaiith. Aiae?c /aniai? iiaaae?iee ?iaeaeno Ii?ioeoe c
oi/ee ci?o aeeiai?/ieo nenoai aeicaieea c?icoi?oe, ui i?ioean
ao?ooaaiiy caieao?on?a o

i?inoi??-/an? iineoue eaaciia?iiaee/iee oa?aeoa? ? o o?ce/iiio ci?no?
oyae??oue aei i?ioean?a iia’ycaieo c aeaoa?iiiiaaiei oainii, yeee iiaea
aooe coiiaeaiee aca?iiae??th iane?i/aiii aaeeeiai /enea no?oeoo?ieo
aeaiaio?a naeniiaaiiiai na?aaeiaeua c ieaiaoa?ieie oeeeei/iinoyie.
Ei?aeyoeieia caeaaei?noue i?ae aaee/eiith i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai ianyao
? iaeneiaeueiei aia?aaoe/iei eeanii caieao?ono, ui a?aeaoeiny o
iueiio, iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ye aeiaeaoeiaee niin?a ioe?iee
naenii/iiai iioaioe?aeo o aeaiiio naenii?aaiiii. Ni?eueia
aeei?enoaiiy niiniao aeae?eaiiy ca’ycaieo iiae?e ??ciiai ??aiy
i?inoi?iai-/aniai? i??a?oi? c caniaii aeae?eaiiy iciiao?e/ieo
eeanoa?ia iiaea aooe cai?iiiiiaaia o aeaeyae? iaeiiai c
aa??aio?a aeai?eoio aeae?eaiiy oi?- ? aooa?oie?a c iiaiiai eaoaeiao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. ?ic?iaeaii niin?a aeae?eaiiy
iineiaeiaiinoae ca’ycaieo iiae?e ??ciiai ??aiy i?inoi?iai-/aniai?
i??a?oi? c iiaiiai eaoaeiao aeey aeaiiai naenii?aaiiio ia iniia? iiiyooy
ca’ycaieo iiae?e ? e?eoa??th i?inoi?iai-/aniai? aeecueeino? o
ci?no? iao?eoe? Davis&Frohlich. Aecia/ai? ei?aeiie aeey eiao?oe?aioo
oaeaeeino?, ui aoiaeeoue o oeth iao?eeo, ii oi?i? ainoia?aie
?iciiae?eo aca?iieo ia?ieo i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo iioa?aae?a aeey aeaii?
noeoiiino? caieao?on?a. Ca aeiiiiiaith aeai?eoio, ?aae?ciaaiiai ia
aac? oeueiai niiniao, aoa ?iceeaaeaiee aeo?aeiee eaoaeia caieao?on?a
oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie E?einueei -*i?iiii?nueeiai naenii?aaiiio ia
eaoaeiae caieao?on?a ??cieo ??ai?a

i?inoi?iai-/aniai? i??a?oi?. Oe? eaoaeiae a iiaeaeueoiio
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ye ao?aei? aeai? aeey ai?iaaoe?? ?ioeo cania?a
aea/aiiy i?inoi?iai-/aniai? no?oeoo?e naenii/iinoi. Aeey ?iaeaeno
Ii?ioeoe aecia/ai? oi?ie a?ao?e?a caeaaeiinoae ?iaeaeno a?ae ?ici??o
a?eia o i?inoi?iai-/aniaiio aeiaaeeo a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeio
ao?ooaaiiy caieao?on?a. Aeyaeaii ca’ycie /aniai? ci?ie o?aeoaeueii?
?icii?iinoi o i?inoi??-/an? c i?aeaioiaeith neeueieo iiae?e ii
eaoaeiao ??cieo ??ai?a

i??a?oi?. Iaea?aeaia ei?aeyoeieia caeaaei?noue i?ae aaee/eiith
i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai ianyao ? aia?aaoe/iei eeanii iaeneiaeueii
iiaeeeaiai caieao?ono, ui a?aeaoany o iueiio ( ii iciiao?e/ieo
eeanoa?ao ). Aea/aiiy /aniaeo aa??aoe?e ?iaeaeno Ii?ioeoe c
oi/ee ci?o aeeiai?/ieo nenoai ( oaciai ii?o?aoe, oeeeea?-ooi ),
aeicaieeei aeyaeoe iayai?noue ui iaeiaioa o?ueio iaoanoaaieueieo noai?a
naeniina?aaeiaeua. On? caniae ? aeai?eoie ?aae?ciaai? o aeaeyae?
eiiieaeno i?ia?ai aeey ia?niiaeueiiai eiii’thoa?a, ye? eaaei
ia?aiinyoueny ia ?io? iaoeie ? aaeaioothoueny aei oiio?eiaaieo
eaoaeiaia caieao?on?a aeey ?ioeo naenii?aaiiiia.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoa??aee, ui oaieoee a oea
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaiaeii?aciai aeiiia?aeaeeny ia nai?ia?ao a?aeae?eo
naeniieiaii ? aoee i?aaenoaaeai? ia ianooiieo ia?aaeao ? eiioa?aioeeyo
:

1. “Aaiaeeiaii/ii aeine?aeaeaiiy ia Oe?a?ii”, Ee?a, 1991 ?.

2. XXIII General Assembly Esc, I?aaa, 1993 ?.

3. ”Aiicio?iiiy. O?aeoaee. I?iaeaie i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy”,
Ee?a, 1994 ?.

4. XXIV General Assembly Esc, Aoiie, 1994 ?.

5. NATO ARW ”Historical and Prehistorical Earthquakes in the
Caucasus”, E?aaai, 1996 ?.

6. ”70 ?ie?a iino?oiaioaeueieo naenii/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue a
E?eio”,

Niioa?iiieue, 1997 ?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 4
aeaa, aeniiaeia ? nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ( 65 iaca ), 61 iaethieo, 2
oaaeeoeue. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 141 noi??ieo
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo.

CIINO ?IAIOE

A ia?o?e aeaa? i?iiiio?oueny iiaee niin?a aeae?eaiiy
ca’ycaieo iiae?e c iiaiiai eaoaeiao caieao?on?a. Iiiyooy
ca’ycaieo iiae?e aaiaeeoueny iaie ye ?icaeoie iiiyooue oi?- ?
aooa?oie?a. Iaiao?aei?noue aaaaeaiiy iiiyooy ca’ycaieo iiae?e
coiiaeaia oei, ui aeiaeai c ?nioth/eo aeai?eoi?a aeae?eaiiy oi?- ?
aooa?oie?a ia ? aeineiiaeei ?, ye i?aaeei, aeae?ey? c eaoaeiao ?acii c
aeienieie aooa?oieaie ( oi?oieaie ) o. c. oeaii oi?oiee oa aooa?oiee,
ui neeaaeathoueny c noi?o? aeienieo oi?oieia, aooa?oie?a ? caieao?on?a
oiiiai? oa i?eeiianooaaii? naenii/iinoi (Iie/ai, Aeiio?i?aa 1991;
A?ioei, Eiiaei?nueea 1997 ). Aacoth/enue ia oyaeaii? i?i no?oeoo?o
naenii/iinoi ye ianooaaii-iiaa?iaioii? ia eeoa o i?inoi?? aea ? o
/ani, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui i?yieie caniaaie a iaeei aoai
aeae?eeoe aaciina?aaeiuei oi?- ? aooa?oiee ia aaeanoueny — caaaeath/e
ia ca?a i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo ianooaa?a ie caaaeaee aoaeaii
“i?eoiiethaaoe” iaaeanoeao (a ieai? naeniiaaiaco) oi?oieai oa
aooa?oieai naenii/iinoue. Oiio ie aaaaea?ii, ui ia o?aaa i?aaiooe
aei iaeiiaoaiiiai aeae?eaiiy oi?- ? aooa?oieia — aeinoaoiuei
”ocaeiieoe” ?nioaaiiy ia ia?oiio aoai? aeae?eaiiy oi?- ?
aooa?oieia noi?oo ?icii?iaeii? naenii/iinoi o aeaeyae? ca’ycaieo
iiae?e. Aoaeaii iaceaaoe ca’ycaieie iiae?yie caieao?one, ui
noaeeny aeinoaoiuei aeecueei (o i?inoi??-/an?) a?ae iniiaiiai
iiooiao ? iathoue iaioo o ii??aiyii? c iei aia?a?th. O aeaeyae? i??e
aeecueeino? aeei?enoiao?oueny i?inoi?iai-/aniaa iao?eea [
Davis&Frohlich, 1991 ] . Aeiionoei? ei?aeiie cia/aiue eiao?oe?aioo N
aecia/aeeny ii ainoia?ai? ?iciiae?eo aca?iieo ia?ieo
i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo iioa?aaeia — iiaeoeue ? i?ui ?ioa, ye
i?inoi?iai-/aniaee iioa?aae i?ae aeaiia caieao?onaie, caaeaieo
aaeoi?aie.

Ae?oaei aoaiii aeae?eaiiy aeania oi?- ? aooa?oie?a iiaea aooe
aoaeue-yeee o?aaeeoe?eiee aeai?eoi, yeui aeineiaeieea oe?eaaeyoue
nai? oi?- ? aooa?oiee.

I/aaeaeii, ui aeae?eai? c aeo?aeiiai eaoaeiao oi?- ? aooa?oiee ia
? naiioe?eeth. I/euaiee ( aai a?aeia?ei?iaaiiee ) a?ae oi?- oa
aooa?oieia eaoaeia aeei?enoiao?oueny a iiaeaeueoiio aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia i?aaeiao o?eaaeeo ? e?oiiiianooaaieo ia?aiao??a
naenii/iiai ?aaeeio, iaiao?aeieo aeey i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy. Ia
i?aeoeoe? aeei?enoiao?oueny noaoe?iia?ia /anoeia eaoaeiao, aea
oaeaee?noue aaia?aoe?? caieao?on?a o /an? caa??aa?ouey
iino?eiith. Aeai?eoi aeae?eaiiy ca’ycaieo iiae?e aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe
iaea?eueo noaoe?iia?io o /an? ? ??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eaio o
i?inoi?? /anoeia eaoaeiao caieao?on?a, oeyoii ciaoiaeaeaiiy
iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a aeae?eaiiy ca’ycaieo iiae?e. Iiia?aaeiuei
aoei i?iaaaeaii

oanooaaiiy niiniao aeae?eaiiy ca’ycaieo iiae?e ia ooo/iiio eaoaeic?,
yeee ai??i?ii i?noea cao?oiaai? o i?inoi??-/an? iiae??. Aiane?aeie
i?iaaaeaiiy ae?oa?aioe?aoe?? ie iaea?aeaee aeai a?oie iiae?e, ui
a?aeiia?aeaei no?oeoo?? aeo?aeiiai ooo/iiai eaoaeiao.
Aeei?enoiaoth/e o aeaeyae? aeo?aeieo aeaieo aeey ?ethno?aoe?? ?iaioe
niiniao aeae?eaiiy ca’ycaieo iiae?e eaoaeia caieao?on?a
oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie E?einueei-*i?iiii?nueeiai naenii?aaiiio (
oe?ioa 43. 5-45. 0, aeiaaioa 33. 75-35. 0, /an 1955-1995 ?. ?.,
aia?aaoe/iee eean E=11. 4-6. 5, /enei iiae?e N=586 ), ie iaea?aeaee 6
i?aeeaoaeiaia iniiaieo ? ca’ycaieo iiae?e ??cieo ??ai?a

i?inoi?iai-/aniai? i??a?oi?, ui iaaeae? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny a yeino?
ao?aeieo aeaieo aeey ai?iaaoe?? ?ioeo niinia?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
no?oeoo?e naenii/iinoi.

A aeaa? ae?oaee aoa c?iaeaiee ia?aiin ?iaeaeno Ii?ioeoe a
i?inoi?iai-/aniao iaeanoue, aecia/ai? oeie ao?ooaaiiy caieao?on?a o
i?inoi??-/an? c eiai aeiiiiiaith. Aeine?aeaeai? eiai /ania? aa??aoe?? ?
?o ca’ycie c neeueieie iiae?yie aeey aeaiiai naenii?aaiiio ( E>10. 5
), a oaeiae caniaaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?/ieo nenoai ( oaciaee
ii?o?ao, oeeeea?-ooi) aoee aeyaeai? inoeeeyoeei? (
eaaciia?iiaee/i?noue ) i??e a?oioaaiiy caieao?on?a o i?inoi?i-/an?.

Iiaeaen Ii?ioeoe aeicaiey? aeyaeoe i’youe oei?a
ao?ooaaiiy caieao?on?a o i?inoi??. I?e ia?aoiae? o i?inoi?iai-/aniao
iaeanoue iaiao?aeii aoei ia?aa??eoe, /e caa??aa?oueny oi?ia a?ao?e?a
?iaeaeno Ii?ioeoe aeey oaeeo aea oei?a ?iciiae?eo caieao?on?a o
i?inoi??-/an?. Aeey oeueiai aoee noai?ai? ooo/i? eaoaeiae, ui
aieiae?ee iaiao?aeieie aeanoeainoyie. Iai?eeeaae, aeey ia?aa??ee
aeaeo caeaaeiino? ?iaeaeno Ii?ioeoe a?ae ?ici???a a?eia aeey
ooo/iiai eaoaeiao, aea caieao?one a?oiothoueny ia an?o ianooaaieo
??aiyo, aoa noai?aiee eaoaeia, a yeiio caieao?one o i?inoi??-/an?
?icoaooaaeenue o a?eiao o. c. “aoaee Iiiaa?a” — ui a?aeiia?aeaei
ao?ooaaiith ia an?o ianooaaieo ??aiyo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui
aeaee caeaaeiinoae ?iaeaeno Ii?ioeoe a?ae ?ici??o i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai
a?eia caa??aathoue na?e aeae ? o i?inoi??-/an?. On? oinoue eaoaeiaia
iniiaieo ? ca’ycaieo iiae?e ??ciiai ??aiy i?inoi?iai-/aniai?
i??a?oi?, iaea?aeai? a ia?o?e aeaa?, aoee aeine?aeaeai? ia i?aaeiao
aecia/aiiy oeio ao?ooaaiiy. Aeyaeeiny, ui ca’ycai? iiae?? an?o ??ai?a
i??a?oi? o ii??aiyii? c iniiaieie, ao?oothoueny o i?inoi??-/an?
aeinoaoiuei neeueii — ?iaeaen Ii?ioeoe a?ae??ciy?oueny ia aeae?eueea
ii?yaee?a. On? oinoue eaoaeiaia caieao?on?a, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny,
yaeythoue niaith ao?oe ao?oia ia ??cieo i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo ??aiyo. I?e
?icaeyae? /aniai? iiaaae?iee ?iaeaeno Ii?ioeoe ye i??e
ao?ooaaiiy, aoei aeyaeaii, ui ao?ooaaiiy iniiaieo iiae?e o /an?
ci?ith?oueny ianooo?ai o ii??aiyii? ?c ca’ycaieie. Iaea?eueoith
iioi?iaoeaiinoth ( o a?aeiioaii? ca’yceo i??e ao?ooaaiiy ?
iiyae neeueieo iiae?e ) aieiae?thoue ye?ac ca’ycai? iiae??. I?e aiae?c?
aeeiai?ee iiaaae?iee ?iaeaeno Ii?ioeoe aeyaeeiny, ui ao?ooaaiiy
caieao?on?a oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie E?einueei -*i?iiii?nueeiai ?aa?iio
iineoue eaaciia?iiaee/iee oa?aeoa?.Niaeo?aeueiee aiae?c iieacaa, ui
niaeo? /aniaeo aa??aoe?e ?iaeaeno ia? oeieea?-ooiiao no?oeoo?o, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue aeaoa?iiiiaaiiai oaino. Iiae?ai?
i?ioeane a aaio?ceoe? iiaeooue aeieeaoe i?e aca?iiae?? o?aeoaeueiiai
naeniiaaiiiai na?aaeiaeua c ieaiaoa?ieie oeeeei/iinoyie.

Aeaaa o?aoy i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith o?aeoaeueieo
aeanoeainoae noeoiiino? caieao?on?a E?einueei-*i?iiii?nueeiai ?aa?iio
o i?inoi??-/an?. Ine?eueee i?inoi?iaa ? /aniaa in? i?e iaeii/aniiio
?icaeyae? iathoue ??cio o?ce/io i?e?iaeo, o?aaa aiai?eoe ia i?i
naiiiiaeiaiinoue, ui eaaeeoue a iniia? iiiyooy o?aeoaeueiinoi, a i?i
naiiaooiiiinoue. Naiiaooiiiinoue aeiionea?, ui i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae
iaeiiai i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai ianooaao aei ?ioiai eiao?oe??ioe
iiaeiaiinoi iiaeooue iaoe ??ci? aaee/eie. sse ? aeey naiiiiaeiaieo
o?aeoaeia, oae ? aeey naiiaooiiieo aecia/ai? iiiyooy o?aeoaeueii?
?icii?iinoi.

Aoa i?iaaaeaiee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aeaio iniiaieo
niinia?a ?ic?aooieo niaeo?ia o?aeoaeueieo ?icii?iinoae. Aeyaeeiny,
ui neiae aiaeaeaoe ia?aaaao niin?ao ocaaaeueiaiiai ei?aeyoeieiiai
iioaa?aea ia?aae caniaii ooieoe?e ?aiue?, o neeo eiai iaioi?
/ooeeainoi aei eieueeinoi aeaieo. ?ic?aooiie niaeo?ia o?aeoaeueieo
?icii?iinoae iieacaa, ui ie ni?aaae? ia?ii eaoaeia ??cieo ??aiia
i?inoi?iai-/aniai? i??a?oi?. Aoee oaeiae aecia/ai? ??ai? iaeaieueoi?
eeanoa?ecaoei? aeey eiaeiiai c eaoaeiao. ?c niaeo??a o?aeoaeueieo
?icii?iinoae aeaeii, ui iniiai? iiae?? an?o ??ai?a i??a?oi? a?eueo
iaeii?iaeii, aeiaaeeia? ? iaio cao?oiaaii iiae ca’ycai? iiae??.
Caaaeueiith aeanoea?noth an?o eaoaeiao ? oa, ui caieao?one o
ieo aieiae?thoue o?aeoaeueiith no?oeoo?ith — ao?oe caieao?on?a
neeaaeathoueny c ao?oia. I?e ?icaeyae? /aniaeo aa??aoe?e
o?aeoaeueieo aeanoeainoae aoei aeyaeaii, ui aiiiaeueia ciaioaiiy
o?aeoaeueii? ?icii?iinoi iia’ycaia c ianooiiith iiyaith neeueieo iiae?e
( K>10. 5 ). Aoei oaeiae aecia/aii, ui ia a eiaeiiio c oanoe
eaoaeiaia (??cieo ??ai?a i?inoi?iai-/aniai? i??a?oi?) iiaeia aeyaeoe
oaeee ca’ycie.

Ia?aae /anoeiith neeueieo iiae?e aiaeaoaaeinue iaae?iiy
o?aeoaeueii? ?icii?iinoi aei aiiiaeueii iecueeiai cia/aiiy o eaoaeic?
ca’ycaieo iiae?e 1-ai oa 2-ai ??aiia i??a?oi?. O?eueee i?e
ni?eueiiio ?icaeyae? i?eo?i/aiinoi /ano aeieeiaiiy neeueieo iiae?e
aei /an? aeinyaiaiiy o?aeoaeueiith ?icii?iinoueth aiiiaeueii
iecueeiai cia/aiiy aeey eaoaeiaia on?o ??ai?a i??a?oi?
aeyaeythoueny i?aeoe/ii on? neeuei? iiae??. Aoea c?iaeaia ni?iaa
ia?aa??eoe “/ooeeainoue” ?iaeaeno Ii?ioeoe aei

o?aeoaeueiinoi eaoaeiao, ui aeine?aeaeoaaany. Ine?eueee ?iaeaen
aeyaey? oaeee oei ao?ooaaiiy ye cao?oiaaiinoue ia an?o ianooaaieo
??aiyo, ui ye?nii iica’ycaii c iiiyooyi o?aeoaeueiinoi, oi
iiaeiai ?nioaaoe aiae?oe/iee ca’ycie ?iaeaeno Ii?ioeoe c
o?aeoaeueiith ?icii?iinooth. Aeiioneath/e, ui cia/aiiy ?iaeaeno iai
a?aeiia cacaeaeaa?aeue, ie iaea?aeaee aiae?oe/iee ca’ycie ?iaeaeno
Ii?ioeoe c ei?aeyoeieiith o?aeoaeueiith ?icii?iinooth. Ioaea, iiaeia
eacaoe, ui ?iaeaen Ii?ioeoe i?e iaaieo oiiaao oaeiae aeyaey? o?aeoaeueii
aeanoeaino? noeoiiino? caieao?on?a.

A aeaa? /aoaa?oi? aoa i?iaaaeaiee eeanoa?iee aiae?c
eaoaeiao iniiaieo ? ca’ycaieo iiae?e 1-ai ??aiy i?inoi?iai-/aniai?
i??a?oi? ia aac? iiaea?iiciaaiiiai niiniao iciiao?e/ieo eeanoa?ia.
Iaiaaeaiiinoue ?icaeyaeo eaoaeiaia caieao?onia o?eueee 1-ei ??aiai
iia’ycaia c aeinoaoiuei aaeeeei /eneii aa??aio?a ?iceeaaeo. I?e
?iceeaaei eaoaeiao iniiaieo iiae?e 1-ai ??aiy i?inoi?iai-/aniai?
i??a?oi? ia

iciiao?e/i? eeanoa?e aoei aeyaeaii, ui a inoai?e noaae??
ae?oa?aioe?aoe?? iaeaea eiaeiee eeanoa? i?noeoue o nia? neeueio
naenii/io iiae?th ( K>10. 5). I?ney aeai?o iaeneiaeueieo iiae?e, ui
o?aieeeny o i?i?iaeueieo i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo ia’?iao, iaea?aeaia
ei?aeyoeieia caeaaei?noue i?ae aaee/eiith oeueiai ia’?io V ?
aia?aaoe/iei eeanii E iaeneiaeueii? iiae??, ui o?aieeany o iueiio :

K=0. 7*V+10. 9

I?e i?aenoaiiaoei o oeth oi?ioeo aaee/eie iiaiiai
i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai ia’?io, a yeiio i?noeoueny aanue eaoaeia
oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie E?einueei-*i?iiii?nueeiai ?aa?iio ca ia??iae 40
?ie?a ie iaea?aeaee, ui ooo iiaeeeaei ? caieao?on c E=13. 4, ui
a?aeiia?aea? iaaiiooaei 4. 9. Oey ioe?iea aoea ia?aa??aia ?ioeie
niiniaaie. Aiaeia?/ia eiiaeia caeaaei?noue (aea c ?ioeie
eiao?oe??ioaie ) iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia aeey ooi/iaiiy naenii/iiai
iioaioe?aeo no?oeoo? a ?ioeo naenii?aaiiiao a noeoiiino? c
aeiaeaoeiaeie niiniaaie. I?e ?iceeaaei eaoaeiao ca’ycaieo iiae?e
1-ai ??aiy i??a?oi? ia iciiao?e/ii eeanoa?e aoei aeyaeaii, ui a
cao?oiaaio eiiiiiaioo naenii/iinoi iiiaaeathoue a iniiaiiio oi?- oa
aooa?oieiai iineiaeiaiinoi caieao?on?a, ui aoee aeae?eai? ?ai?oa
(Ionoiaioaiei A. A. 1982, 1984, 1989 ). E??i oiai aoei iii?/aii, ui oeae
niin?a eeanoa?iiai aiae?co aeicaiee? aeyaeoe oiieo no?oeoo?o
aooa?oieiaeo iineiaeiaiinoae. Oae, iai?eeeaae, iaea?eueoa aooa?oieiaa
iine?aeiai?noue 5 /a?aiy 1984 ?ieo ia? aeoaea aeecuee? ii /an? ? ii
aaia?ao?/i?e oe?io? oeaio?e aooa?oieiaeo a?oi, aea caoa aeinoaoiuei
neeueii ?acianai? oeaio?e oeeo a?oi ii aeiaaio?. Iiaeia c?iaeoe
aeniiaie, ui ii?yae c iiia?aaeiuei aeei?enoaiei niiniaii aeae?eaiiy
ca’ycaieo iiae?e niin?a ?iceeaaeo noeoiiino? caieao?on?a ia ?icniyio
oa neoi/aio (o aeaeyae? iciiao?e/ieo eeanoa?ia) eiiiiiaioe
naenii/iinoi iiaeia aeei?enoaoe aeey aeae?eaiiy oi?- ?
aooa?oieiaeo iineiaeiaiinoae caieao?on?a.

AENIIAEE

1. ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaiaaii ia ooo/iiio ? ?aaeueiiio eaoaeiaao
caieao?on?a niin?a aeae?eaiiy ca’ycaieo ? iniiaieo iiae?e ??cieo ??ai?a
i?inoi?iai-/aniai? i??a?oi?. A iniia? oeueiai niiniao eaaeaoue
iiiyooy ca’ycaieo iiae?e ? eiioeaioe?y i??a?o?/iiai
(ianooaaii-iiaa?iaioiiai) ?iciiae?eaiiy i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo niaieoiiinoae
caieao?on?a. O aeaeyae? i??e i?inoi?iai-/aniai? aeecueeino? ia?e
caieao?on?a aoea aeei?enoaia iao?eea Aeaaina-O?aeioa. Can?a
aeae?eaiiy ca’ycaieo iiae?e aeai?eoiiciaaii ? ?aae?ciaaii o
aeaeyae? i?ia?aiiiai eiiieaeno aeey ia?niiaeueiiai eiii’thoa?a.
Ca aeiiiiiaith oeueiai niiniao c eaoaeiao caieao?on?a oeaio?aeueii?
/anoeie E?einueei-*i?iiii?nueeiai naenii?aaiiio aoei aeaeieaii
6 eaoaeia?a iniiaieo ? ca’ycaieo iiae?e, ye? aeae? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny
ye

ao?aei? aeai? aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioeo niinia?a aea/aiiy
i?inoi?iai-/aniai? no?oeoo?e noeoiiino? caieao?on?a. Aecia/aiiy
oeio ao?ooaaiiy caieao?on?a a i?inoi??-/an? oeyoii canoinoaaiiy
?iaeaena Ii?ioeoe noaei iiaeeeaei i?ney ia?aiino ?iaeaena c
i?inoi?iai? a i?inoi?iai-/aniao iaeanoue. Oaoi?/ii oea aeeeeiny o
aeei?enoaiiy o?aouei? (/aniai?) in?, c o?aooaaiiyi a?aeiia?aeiiai
ianooaaiiai eiao?oe?aioo. ?icaeoie niiniao aecia/aiiy o?aeoaeueii?
?icii?iinoi iieyaa? a oiio, ui caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith
i?inoi?iai-/aniai? iao?eee Aeaaina —

O?aeioa noaei iiaeeeaei ?? aecia/aiiy a i?inoi?iai-/ania?e iaeano?, a
ia o?eueee a i?inoi?iai aai o?eueee a /ania?e iaeanoyo, ye oea
?iaeeiny ?ai?oa. Ia iniia? i?inoi?iai-/aniai? iao?eee
Aeaaina-O?aeioa, ui aeicaiey? aecia/eoe a?aenoaiue i?ae caieao?onaie
a i?inoi??-/an?, aoa iiaea?iici?iaai aeaniee niin?a eeanoa?iiai
aiae?co, yeee aeicaiey? ?iceeaaeaoe ao?aeiee eaoaeia caieao?on?a ia
iciiao?e/ii eeanoa?e.

2. Ia iniia? iiaea?iiciaaieo niinia?a aecia/aiiy oeio ao?ooaaiiy,
aecia/aiiy o?aeoaeueii? ?icii?iinoi ? aeae?eaiiy iciiao?e/ieo eeanoa?ia,
aoee aea/ai? aeaye? aeanoeaino? i?inoi?iai-/aniai? no?oeoo?e
caieao?on?a oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie E?einueei-/a?iiii?nueeiai
naenii?aaiiio, ye iaea?eueo aea/aiiai ?ioeie aeineiaeieeaie. Oae,
cie?aia, aoee aecia/ai? oeie ao?ooaaiiy caieao?on?a aeey ??cieo
eaoaeiaia, ioe?iaii i??o ?o i?inoi?iai-/aniai? iaeii?iaeiino?.

3. Niiniae aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae i?inoi?iai-/aniai?
no?oeoo?e noeoiiino? caieao?on?a iiaeia oiiaii iiae?eeoe ia aea? a?oie :

A. Niiniae i?aeaioiaee (iiaeaiiy) ao?aeieo aeaieo;

A. Niiniae ia?aiao?icaoei? no?oeoo?e.

Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a aeae?eaiiy ca’ycaieo iiae?e a?aeiineoueny
aei niinia?a iiaeaiiy aeaieo, ine?eueee a?i iiae?ey? ao?aeiee
eaoaeia caieao?on?a ia aeae?eueea iiaeeaoaeia?a iniiaieo ? ca’ycaieo
iiae?e ??cieo ??ai?a i?inoi?iai-/aniaith i??a?oi?, ui
aieiae?thoue iaaieie aeanoeainoyie. Aeanoea?noue noaoe?iia?iinoi
i?aeeaoaeiaa iniiaieo iiae?e iaiao?aeia i?e aea/aii? o?eaaeeo
ia?aiao??a naenii/iiai ?aaeeio, i?aeeaoaeia ca’ycaieo iiae?e iiaea
aooe aeei?enoaiee i?e aea/aii? oiiei? i?inoi?iai-/aniai? no?oeoo?e
naenii/iinoi. Aei niinia?a iiaeaiiy ao?aeieo aeaieo iiaeia
a?aeianoe ? niin?a aeae?eaiiy iciiao?e/ieo eeanoa?ia, ine?eueee
iiaeeeaei noa? iiaeaeueoa aea/aiiy ?icniyii? oa neoi/aii? ( o
aeaeyae? iciiao?e/ieo eeanoa?ia) eiiiiiaio naenii/iinoi ?ioeie
niiniaaie ia?aiao?icaoei? no?oeoo?e naenii/iinoi. O?aeoaeueia
?icii?iinoue ? ?iaeaen Ii?ioeoe ? niiniaaie ia?aiao?icaoei?
i?inoi?iai-/aniai? no?oeoo?e naenii/iinoi — aiie aeathoue ?ioaa?aeueiee
iieaciee, yeee a?aeiineoueny aei an??? noeoiiino? caieao?on?a
ui aea/a?oueny iaeii/anii. Iiaeeeai oaeiae niinoa?aaaoe /ania? ci?ie
oeeo ia?aiao?ia, ?icaeaath/e ao?aeiee eaoaeia ia noaaea??ee ca ei?ioe?
i?ii?aeee /ano, caa?aaath/e iaci?iiei /enei iiae?e a ieo. Iioeie
neiaaie, ia?aiao?e, ui iienothoue no?oeoo?o, iiaeooueaooe noaoe/ieie
oa aee-iai?/ieie. Iiaeia aea/aoe iiaaae?ieo a /an? ye i??e
a?oioaaiiy caieao?on?a, oae ? i??e ?o aaoa?iaaiiino?. O aeaeyae?
e?eoe/ieo caoaaaeaiue o?aaa neaoe, ui ye a aeaiiio
aeine?aeaeaii?, oae ? a ?ioeo ?iaioao ? o?oaeiiu? c aeai?ii
i?inoi?iai-/aniai? iao?eee. Iao?eea Aeaaina-O?aeioa ia? eiao?oe?aio N,
yeee ia? ?icii?iinoue oaeaeeino?. Aea?? eiai ? aeoaea neeaaeiei,
ine?eueee ia ?nio? /?oeeo o?ce/ieo ia?aaeiineeie aeey eiai
iiia?aaeiuei? ioe?iee. E??i oiai, iao?eea Aeaaina-O?aeioa ? ?io?
iiae?ai? aei iae iao?eee, a yeeo c?iaeai? ni?iae oieeiooe aeei?enoaiiy
oaeaeeinoiiai eiao?oe??ioo N, ia aieiae?thoue aeanoea?noth neiao???
uiaei ianooaaii-iiaa?iaioieo ia?aoai?aiue. Iiaeeeai, cai?noue ieo
iio??aii aeei?enoaoe iao?eeo Oaonaei?oa, aai ua yeo, yea iiaea aooe
canoiniaaiith aei o?aeoaeueieo iiiaeei. Oea ieoaiiy aeiaaa?
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeyaeo.

IOAEIEAOeI?

1. Pustovitenko B.G., Kulchitsky V.E., Scherbina S.V. Regularities
of the spatial organization of the Black Sea seismisity. XXIII General
Assembly ESC. Activity report, V.1, Praga, 1993, p.p.79-85.

2. Ua?aeia C.A. Eiaeaen Ii?eoeou eae o?aeoaeueiay aaee/eia. Aeaiiie?.,
OE?HOE AHOA Oe?aeiu, N 1452 Oe.93., 1993.

3. Pustovitenko B.G., Scherbina S.V. Analysis of the space-time
organization of the earthquakes in the Alpine zone. XXIV General
Assembly ESC. Activity report, V.1, Athens, 1994, p.p.282-291.

4. Ua?aeia N.A. Enneaaeiaaiea yieoeaio?ia caieao?ynaiee E?uineiai
?aaeiia ia oei i?ino?ainoaaiiiai a?oiie?iaaiey n iiiiuueth eiaeaena
Ii?eoeou. A na. «Aaiaeeiaie/aneea enneaaeiaaiey ia Oe?aeia». Eeaa, 1995.
n.96-100.

Ionoiaeoaiei A.A., Ua?aeia N.A., Eoeue/eoeeee A.A.
I?ino?ainoaaiii-a?aiaiiua naienoaa naenii/iinoe aannaeia *a?iiai ii?y e
aai ia?aieaiey. Aaioec. aeo?iae, N6, o.19, 1997, n.58-69.

Ua?aeia N.A. Enneaaeiaaiea i?ino?ainoaaiii-a?aiaiiie no?oeoo?u
naenie/iinoe iaoiaeaie o?aeoaeueiiai e eeanoa?iiai aiaeeca. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea iiaiai e iiaea?iecaoeee eiathueony
iaoiaeia eco/aiey i?ino?ainoaaiii-a?aiaiiie no?oeoo?u naenie/iinoe.
?ac?aaioai iiaue iaoiae auaeaeaiey naycaiiuo niauoee, iiaea?iece?iaaiu
iaoiaeu ii?aaeaeaiey oeia a?oiie?iaaiey niaieoiiinoe caieao?ynaiee,
ioeaiee aa i?ino?ainoaaiii-a?aiaiiie iaiaeii?iaeiinoe e eeanoa?iiai
aiaeeca iooai ia?aiina yoeo iaoiaeia ec i?ino?ainoaaiiie e a?aiaiiie
iaeanoae a i?ino?ainoaaiii-a?aiaiioth. I?e i?eiaiaiee yoeo iaoiaeia e
eiie?aoiie niaieoiiinoe caieao?ynaiee iieo/aiu iiaua naienoaa
naenie/iinoe eae i?ioeanna.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Eiaeaen Ii?eoeou, o?aeoaeueiay ?acia?iinoue, eeanoa?iue
aiaeec, ianooaaii- eiaa?eaioiua naienoaa naenie/iinoe.

Scherbina S.V. THE INVESTIGATION OF THE SEISMISITY STRUCTURE
BY MEANS OF THE FRACTAL AND CLUSTER ANALISYS.- Manuscript. Thesis for a
candidat’s degree by speciality 04.00.22 — geophysics. The Institut of
Geophysics of National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to development new and updating of
available methods of study space — time structures of seismicity. The
new developed method allocates the linked events. The methods of
definition such as grouping set of earthquakes, estimation it space-time
unhomogeneity and cluster analysis are updated. The updating is made by
carry of these methods from space and time areas in space-time.
With application of these methods to specific set of earthquakes the new
properties of seismicity as process are received.

Key words: Morishita index, fractal dimension, cluster
analysis, scaling properties of the seismicity.

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