1

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 316.43:378.1

A??theiaa Ia?eia Aanee?aia

Aeua oeiea ?aa?iio ye ia?eo nioe?aeueiiai i?iaiico

22.00.06 — nioe?ieia?y eoeueoo?e, iaoee oa ina?oe

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
Iaa?ioeueeee Ieaen?e ?ai?iae/, i?i?aeoi? c nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
ieoaiue Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio *a?iaoeueeee
TH??e Ieaenaiae?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ ? i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo ?
ia?eaoeiao Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo a?ciano ? iaiaaeaeiaioo, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie;

— eaiaeeaeao nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Eocue Ieaa Ieeieaeiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?einio?? ? iie?oieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?-neoao
?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee (i. Oa?e?a), I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie; eaoaae?a
nioe?ieia?? ? iie?oieia??.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «18» /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.051.15 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith (310002, i. Oa?e?a, aoe.
Ie?iiineoeueea, 1, aoae. 2-25).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith
(310077, i. Oa?e?a, iaeaeai Naiaiaee, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 18 o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee _______________aeioe. Oa?aiao ?.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy

Ina?oa a?a? aeeeth/ii aaaeeeao ?ieue o noai?aii? ooiaeaiaioaeueieo oiia
i?ioea?oaiiy noni?euenoaa, ui aeiaiaeeoueny na?oiaith i?aeoeeith
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Iniaeeai cia/ouee aieea iaaea?
nenoaia aeui? ina?oe a iei?oi?e ia??iae aoiaeaeaiiy a
iino?iaeono??aeueia non- i?euenoai. Oeei coiiaeaia iaeaino??oa iio?aaa
iiooeo iioeiaeueieo oeyo?a iaeoaeaeoiai iiiaeaiiy ina?oiuei? nenoaie,
aeaaaeaiiy ?? ?c e?eciaiai noaio, caaacia/aiiy ia o?eueee aeaeeaaiiy,
aea e i?iaiiciiai ?icaeoeo nenoaie a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiaaeueieo
oaiaeaioe?e, coiiaeaieo caaaeueieie i?ioeanaie ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa.

Iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee cacia/aii? i?iaeaie cia/iith i??ith iia’ycaia c
ia’?eoeaieie /eiieeaie o?ainoi?iaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie,
noaiiaeaiiyi ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, ?noioieie no?oeoo?ieie ia?aoai?aiiyie
a aeiiii?/i?e ? nioe?ieoeueoo?i?e noa?ao. ?eiie ina?oi?o iineoa
Oe?a?ie ia?aaeeaa? neeaaeiee, iaoiaeieia?/ii ia ?ic?iaeaiee, neaai
ai?iaiaaiee aoai naiai noaiiaeaiiy. Iaeaaaeeea?oith oiiaith aeoiaeo ?c
e?eciai? neooaoe?? a nenoai? aeui? ina?oe, caa?aaeaiiy ? iiaeaeueoiai
?icaeoeo ?? iioaioe?aeo ? ?ic?iaea ? ?aae?caoe?y ia i?aeoeoe? iiai?
ina?oiuei? ia?aaeeaie. Nenoaia ina?oe iaeo?ni?oei ia?acii iia’ycaia ?c
nioe?aeueii-aei- iii?/ieie, nioe?ieoeueoo?ieie, iie?oe/ieie ?
i?e?iaeii-aaia?ao?/ieie oiiaaie, a yeeo aiia ooieoe?iio?. Niaoeeo?ea
aeiiii?/ii? no?oeoo?e ?aa?i- i?a, niaoe?ae?caoe?y ?o a iaai?e aaeoc?
i?iieneiaiai aai n?euenueeiainiiaea?- nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa
aaciina?aaeiuei iaoiiaeththoue nooue ? oi?io aca?iiae?? noa’?eo?a ?eieo
ina?oi?o iineoa, niiniae ?o aca?iiae??. Oiio iaeiei ?c iiaeeeaeo ?
aaeueie ia?niaeoeaieo oeyo?a ?aoi?ie nenoaie aeui? ina?oe iiaea neoaeeoe
?? ?aa?iiae?caoe?y, a ?aa?iiaeueia iiaeaeue aeui? oeiee yaey? niaith
iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiee ia?eo nioe?aeueiiai i?iaiico.

I?ioean ?aa?iiae?caoe?? aeeth/a? a naaa i???ioaoe?th ia iio?aae
iniaenoino?, ye? ?aae?cothoueny a eiie?aoi?e nioe?aeuei?e noa??;
oi?ioaaiiy ?aeeiiai ina?oiueiai i?inoi?o ?aa?iio; a?aooaaiiy eiie?aoieo
?aa?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae i?e aecia/aii? noa? ? iai?yi?a ae?yeueiino?
an?o no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a ina?oiuei? nenoaie.

Ia?aoai?aiiy, ye? ia?aaeaa/athoueny i?e noai?aii? ?aa?iiaeueii? nenoaie
aeui? ina?oe, oi?eathoueny i?eioeei?a oi?ioaaiiy ye ci?noo, oae ?
no?oeoo?e nenoaie i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a. Aiane?aeie oeueiai iaiao?aeii
?aaoethaaoe e?euee?ni? ? ye?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee an?o neeaaeiaeo nenoaie ?
ia i?inoi ?aaoethaaoe, a i?iaiicoaaoe iiaeeea? iane?aeee a?ae
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ae?th/eo a ina?- o? oaiaeaioe?e aai aeieeiaiiy ?o
aeueoa?iaoea. Oey neooaoe?y ?iaeoue aeooaeueiei ? cia/ouei aiae?c
i?iaeai, noi?ioeueiaaieo a aeaiiio aeine?aeaeaii?.

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. I?ioyaii inoaii?o aeanyoe??/
nioe?ieia?y ina?oe aoea a oeaio?? oaaae aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a ?in??
(aaoee?- nueea oeiea, ea?iaaia I.A. A?oiaei; A.I. E?nianueeee, E.ss.
?oa?ia, I.I. ?ooeaae/ ? O.I. O?e?iiia ? aaa. ?i.). A Oe?a?i? i?iaeaie
aeui? oeiee i?ioyaii aaaaoueio ?ie?a ?ic?iaeythoue oa?e?anuee?
nioe?ieiae i?ae ea??aieoeo- aii A.?. Anoaoiai?, I.I. sseoae. Aaeeea
aeine?aeieoeueea ?iaioa aaaeaoueny a Ee?a? (A.I. Aiae?ouaiei,
A.I.Aaaae, E.I. Eaaeianueeee), o Eueaia? (A.ss. I?/a, I.?. *a?ieo),
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeo (A.A. Ai?iaeyiaiei, A.A. Iieoi?ae) oa a ?ioeo
aoc?anueeeo oeaio?ao e?a?ie. Ne?ae cacia/eoe aeeaae o nioe?ieia?th
ina?oe oaeeo a/aieo ye: A.N.Aae??ia, A.?. Aieiae/, A.I. Ai?iia, ?.I.
Aaa?eeaiei, E.I. Aa?aneia, I.I. Eocue, N.I. Iae??a, I.?. Iaa?ioeueeee,
A.E. Innianueeee, TH.I. *a?iaoeueeee, A.O. *a?iiaieaiei oa aaa. ?io.
Iaeiae, i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo aeui? oeiee c o?aooaaiiyi ?aa?iiaeueieo
iniaeeainoae aeineoue ia /anoi noaaaei oeaio?ii oaaae aeine?aeiee?a.

?acii c oei, ?nio? iaaia e?euee?noue aeine?aeaeaiue oe??? i?iaeaiaoeee.
Aaaeaoueny ?ic?iaea iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia ? iaoiaeee ii?iaoeaiiai
i?aeoiaeo a iiaeaethaaii? aeine?aeieoeueeith a?oiith i?ae ea??aieoeoaii
?.A. Aanooaeaaa-Eaaee. Canoinoaaiiy ??cieo iaoiae?a iiaeaethaaiiy ?
i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo aeui? oeiee iine?aeiaii ?ic?iaey?oueny A.N.
Iaeneiaiei, A.?. Iai?iooi, A.A. Iiiiaith, E.?. ?iiaieiaith, I.?.
Neni?aei, I.A. Oaaeioiaei, A.A. *oeaieiaith. Iaeiae ye ia’?eo
i?iaiicoaaiiy ? iiaeaethaaiiy a i?aoeyo oeeo aeine?aeiee?a a iniiaiiio
?icaeyaea?oueny aai ie?aiee aoc aai ie?aia nia- oe?aeuei?noue. I?iaeaie
?aa?iiaeueiiai oii?yaeeoaaiiy nenoaie aeui? ina?oe aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ??
aoaeoeaiino? ia nioe?aeueiiio oa iniaeno?niiio ??aiyo iiee ui ia noaee
ia’?eoii aeine?aeieoeueeiai iiooeo.

I?eioeeiai ?aa?iiae?caoe?? a Oe?a?i? i?enay/ai? niaoe?aeuei?
aeine?aeaeai- iy aaoi??a, ia?aaaaeii aeiiii?no?a, oaeeo ye, A.O.
Aanaae?i, I.I. Aie?eia, I.N. ?iaeueyiia, ?.Ae. Ee?iaiei, I.Ae. I?nooi,
A.?. Oaaeyeia.

Oaeei /eiii, o a?o/eciyi?e iaooe? ?nio? iaaia iaoiaeieia?/ia ?
oai?aoe/ia aaca, a oaeiae aii??e/iee iaoa??ae aeey aea/aiiy nenoaie
aeui? ina?oe a ?aa?ii? ? iiaeaethaaii? eiai ?icaeoeo a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo
aei ?eieo.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oaiaie. Oaia aeena?oaoe?? a?aeiia?aea?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeuee?e oai? “Nioe?aeuei? iaoai?cie oaeineiiaeaiiy
ina?oe a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa” eaoaae?e nioe?ieia??
nioe?ieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaia aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie
a ia??iae o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? caeiiii??iino? ?aa?iiae?caoe?? nenoaie aeui?
ina?oe a Oe?a?i? ? na?aaeiueino?ieiaa i?iaiicoaaiiy ?? ?icaeoeo a
Oa?e?anueeiio ?aa?ii? i?e ia?aoiae? aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

Iaoa ? aieiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe?
eiioeaioe?? ?aa?iiaeueii? iiaeae? aeui? oeiee ye iaea?eueo eiia??iiai
oeyoo ina?oiuei? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?i?.

Oaea iaoa ia?aaeaa/a? ae??oaiiy ianooiieo caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy:

· ?ice?eoe oi?ioth/o ?ieue aeui? oeiee a ?icai?oaii? nioe?aeueieo
?inoeooo?a iino?iaeono??aeueiiai noni?euenoaa ? iaa?oiooaaoe
iaiao?aei?noue ?? ?aa?iiaeueii? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??;

· i?iaiae?coaaoe e?ecia? yaeua a nenoai? aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie ? aeyaeoe
iieacieee ?icocaiaeaeaiiy a?o/eciyii? aeui? oeiee o ii??aiyii? c
na?oiaeie noaiaea?oaie. Ia iniia? oeueiai aiae?co iiaoaeoaaoe “aea?aai
i?iaeai» aeaii? nenoaie;

· aeyaeoe canaaee oa ci?no iiiyooy «ina?oi?e ?aa?ii»;

· neiino?othaaoe c iiceoe?e nioe?i-i?iaiinoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo iiaeaeue ?a-
a?iiaeueii? nenoaie aeui? ina?oe;

· aecia/eoe oe?e? ??ciiai ??aiy eiie?aoecaoe?? ? ia ?o iniia? ae?iaeoe
aacia? i?eioeeie iiaeaethaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? nenoaie ina?oe, ye?
aeicaieyoue iioei?coaaoe i?ioeane ?aoi?ioaaiiy;

· aecia/eoe e?eoa??? aoaeoeaiiai oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy nenoaie
aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a a aniaeo? ?eieiaiai oi?aae?iiy.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiie?aoii ?noi-
?e/iee ? nenoaiiee i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy caaaeueieo ia?aaeeai a
nioe?ieia?? ina?oe. I?iaeaia ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeui? oeiee aea/aeanue aaoi?ii
c o?aooaaiiyi inoaii?o aeinyaiaiue ye a?o/eciyii?, oae ? na?oiai?
nioe?ieia?/ii?, o?- einionueei? ? iaaeaaia?/ii? aeoiee. Aaoi?ii
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue eiioeaioe?? I.Aaaa?a, A. Aeth?eaaeia, aecia/ieo
i?aaenoaaiee?a no/anieo iae?i- ? i?e?inenoaiiiai i?aeoiae?a o
nioe?ieia??. C iiceoe?? no?oeoo?ii-ooie- oe?iiaeueii? iaoiaeieia??
?icaeyiooa nenoaia aeui? ina?oe ?aa?iio ye neeaaeiaa /anoeia
aca?iiiaoiiaeaieo aeaiaio?a noni?euenoaa. A aeena?oaoe?eiiio
aeine?aeaeaii? canoiniaai? i?eioeeie nioe?aeueiiai i?iaiicoaaiiy i?e
aiae?c? aeeiai?ee aeui? oeiee c o?aooaaiiyi ?nioth/eo oaiaeaioe?e oa
ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo nenoaie, na?oiaeo aeinyaiaiue a oe?e aaeoc?. Oaeiae
aeei?enoai? iniiai? i?aeoiaee «nioe?ieia?? iaeeo ni?aa», ui aeicaieeei
aeyaeoe /eiaei ?a- i?oa iaa?aecia/aieo iiiaio?a, uiaei ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
oa?eoi??aeueiiai oii?yaeeoaaiiy.

Aii??e/ia aaca neeaeanue i?ae /an aea/aiiy ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a
(Caeii Oe?a?ie “I?i aianaiiy ci?i oa aeiiiaiaiue a Caeii Oe?a?inueei?
?N? “I?i ina?oo”, Aea?aeaaia iaoe?iiaeueia i?ia?aia “Ina?oa. Oe?a?ia OO?
no.” oa ?i.), aiae?co aeaieo aea?aeaaii? noaoenoeee a ia??iae c 1991 ii
1996 ?.?. a ianooaaao Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae a Oa?e?anuee?e iaeano?. Aaaeeea?
aeey ?icaycai- iy caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy aii??e/i? aeai? aoee io?eiai?
a ?acoeueoao? eiie?aoii-nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo
aaoi?ii o neeaae? nioe?i- eia?/ii? neoaeae Oa?e?anueeiai aoiai?oa?iiai
?inoeoooo «Ia?iaeia oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y».

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe, ia?o ca ana, iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaei??th c ia?oeo i?aoeue, a ye?e ?iaeoueny ni?iaa
nioe?i- eia?/iiai aiae?co i?iaeai aaeineiiaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueii? nenoaie
aeui? ina?oe c o?aooaaiiyi ?aa?iiaeueieo iio?aa a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a o noni?euenoa?.

A?aoiaioiaaii a aiae?oeei-i?iaiinoe/i?e ia?aaeeai? iaiao?aei?noue
?iiiaaoe?eiiai oeyoo ?icaeoeo nenoaie aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Aaiaeeoueny iiiyooy «ina?oi?e ?aa?ii», ?ice?eaa?oueny eiai ci?no ? ia-
??oioiao?oueny ia?niaeoeai?noue ?icaeoeo iiae?aii? iiaeae?.

I?iiiio?oueny nenoaia e?eoa???a, ye? aeicaieythoue ioe?ieoe i??o ?aa?i-
iae?caoe?? aeui? oeiee, i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae ?aa?iiaeueieo nenoai aeui?
ina?oe.

Ia iniia? aeaoaeueiiai aiae?co niaoeeo?ee Oa?e?anueeiai ina?oiueiai
?aa?iio i?iiiiothoueny i?aeoiaee aei iioei?caoe?? iiaeae? ?aa?iiaeueii?
iiaeae? aeui? oeiee.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. «Ina?oi?e ?aa?ii» — oea, c iaeiiai aieo, neeaaeia nioe?aeueia yaeua c
i?aai?/ii ?ioaa?iaaiith nenoaiith aeui? ina?oe, yea ?noi?e/ii neeaeany
ia iaai?e oa?eoi??? ? /eieoue oi?ioth/ee aieea ia ae?iaie/o,
nioe?aeueio, iaoeiai-oaoi?/io, aeieia?/io oa ?io?, iia’ycai? i?ae
niaith, no?oeoo?e, ui caaacia/othoue aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue noni?euenoaa. C
ae?oaiai — oea ia’?eo aea?aeaaiiai nioe?aeueiiai aenia?eiaioo a nenoai?
aeui? ina?oe, a iaaeao yeiai iiaeeea? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nioe?aeueieo
?iiiaaoe?e, aiae?c ?o ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ? aoaeoeaiino? a ieai?
nioe?aeueii? a?aeaea/? aeui? oeiee. ?aa?iiae?caoe?y aea?aeaaii? nenoaie
aeui? ina?oe iiaea ai?iaaaeaeoaaoeny /anoeiai ? iinooiiai.

2. Oi?ioaaiiy iioeiaeueii? iiaeae? nenoaie aeui? ina?oe a ?aa?ii?
aeioe?eueii iai?aaeoe ia ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue: a?aeiia?aei?noue
?aa?iia- eueii? eiie?aoecaoe?? caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? ina?oiuei? iie?oeee;
caaeiaieaiiy nioe?i-aeiiii?/ieo iio?aa ?aa?iio o aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo
oao?aoeyo; a?ae- iia?aei?noue ??aiy i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a aei caieo?a
?eieo i?aoe? aeaiiai ?aa?iio c aeia?aaeaeaiiyi; a?aeiia?aei?noue ci?noo
? iaai?o ina?oi?o iineoa iio?aaai iniaenoino?.

3. Iniiaieie e?eoa??yie ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo nenoaie aeui? ina?oe
aenooiathoue: i??a a?aeiia?aeiino? aeui? oeiee aei caieo?a ?eieo i?aoe?
c o?aooaaiiyi aea?aeaaiiai, ?aa?iiaeueiiai ? eieaeueiiai ??ai?a;
?aoe?iia- euei?noue oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy aeui? oeiee o
a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c nioe?a- eueiith, aeiiii?/iith ? aeieia?/iith
a?aeaea/ath ?aa?iio; ?ioaa?aoe?y ?aa?iia- eueii? nenoaie aeui? ina?oe o
aeaio iai?yiao: ana?aaeei? nenoaie — i?ae iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie ??cieo
??ai?a ? iica iath — i?ae iaoeiaeie, ae?iaie/eie ? ina?oi?ie onoaiiaaie;
aoiieoeueoo?iee e?eoa??e, yeee a?aoiao? iaoe?i- iaeueiee neeaae
ianaeaiiy ?aa?iio, eoeueoo?i? o?aaeeoe?? ? ?ae?a?ei? a??oaaiiy, ui
?noi?e/ii neeaeeny, oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaooo ? iio?aae o aeu?e ina?o?.

4. ?aa?iiaeueia nenoaia aeui? ina?oe aaco?oueny ia iniiaieo i?eioeeiao
na?aae yeeo: 1) i?eioeei ?aa?iiaeueii? naiiaeinoaoiino? caniiaaiee ia
?aeiino?oeoe?? aeiiii?ee ?aa?ii?a oa aaeeeeo i?nueeeo aaeiia?aoe?e
oeyoii eiiaa?n??, iiaea?i?caoe?? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, i?eaaoecaoe?? ?
a?aeiia?aeiiai ?icaeoeo nenoaie aeui? ina?oe, iai?aaeaii? ia inai?iiy
iiaeo, noi?aeieo nia- oe?aeueiinoae; 2) ciai?oiuei-aeiiii?/iee i?eioeei
— ia?aeiaiiy ?aa?ii?a a ?aeeiee nioe?i-aeiiii?/iee i?ino??,
noeioethaaiiy ?icaeoeo aenii?oieo oa ?iii?oiicai?ithth/eo ae?iaieoeoa o
?aa?ii? ? ni?yiiaai?noue ?icaeoeo aeui? oeiee c o?aooaaiiyi oeeo
oaiaeaioe?e; 3) aaeaioeaii-ia?niaeoeaiee — i?aeii?yaeeiaai?noue
aeiiii?/ii? eiithieoo?e ? ?eieiaiai iiieoo a nenoai? aeui? ina?oe c
i???ioaoe??th ia aeiaaino?ieia? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio ? e?a?ie; 4)
i?eioeei eiiieaeniino? ? aca?iiaeiaeaoeiaino? — ?aeiaiiy aoc?a c iaoeith
oa c ae?iaie/ith ? iaae?iaie/ith noa?aie.

5. I?iaiinoe/i? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo Oa?e?anueeiai ina?oiueiai ?aa?iio
iiaycai? c? noai?aiiyi iaoeiai-ina?oiuei-ae?iaie/eo «ia?e?a», ye?
aacothoueny ia i?eioeeiao — aio/eino? nenoaie, ?ioaa?aoe??,
aaaaoii??iino?, niaaeei?iieoeoaa ? aeeaa?neo?eaoe??.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iia’ycaia ?c ni?iaith iaa?oiooaaiiy
e?eoa???a oa i?eioeei?a oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy
nenoaiith aeui? ina?oe.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue o iaa/aeueieo
aeenoeeie?iao: “Nioe?aeueia i?iaiicoaaiiy ? nioe?i-?iaeaia?ia
ae?yeuei?noue” aeey nioe?ieia?/ieo niaoe?aeueiinoae; “Nioe?ieia?y
ina?oe” aeey neooa/?a eo?n?a i?ae- aeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? oi?aae?inueeeo
eaae??a ina?oe c oi/ee ci?o ?aa?iiaeue- iiai oaeineiiaeaiiy aeui? oeiee;
“Nioe?ieia?y oi?aae?iiy” o oaiao ?aa?i- iaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy nenoaiith
aeui? ina?oe.

?iaioa iiaea iineoaeeoe iniiaith i?ae /an ?ic?iaee i?ia?aie ?aoi?ioaaiiy
nenoaie aeui? ina?oe a?aeiia?aeii aei i?eioeei?a ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy, caaeiaieaiiy iniaeno?nieo ? noni?eueieo
iio?aa a Oa?e?anueeiio ?aa?ii?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaii? o 10
ae?oeiaaieo oa aeaiiiiaaieo i?aoeyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 4,05 ae.a. ( o
oiio /ene? iniaenoi aaoi?ii — 3.85 ae.a.) Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoee i?aaenoaaeai? a iaoeiaeo aeiiia?aeyo ?
iia?aeiieaiiyo, i?aeia?iaeieo ? ?anioae?eainueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo:
“Oaeineiiaeaiiy eiioeaioe?? i?eaaoii? ina?oe a Oe?a?i? oa i?iaeaie
?iaioe a i?eaaoieo aocao” (Oa?e?a, 1995), “Aeua ina?oa a Oe?a?i?:
?aae??, oaiaeaioe?? i ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo” (Ee?a, 1996), “No?oeoo?a
ina?oe a ?aa?ii?: i?iaeaie iioeiicaoeii” (Oa?e?a, 1996), ia can?aeaiiyo
eaoaae?e nioe?ieia?? OA? “IOA” oa ia iaoiaeieia?/iiio nai?ia??
nioe?ieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo OAeO.

No?oeoo?a oa ianyae aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa ? iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?e-
iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/eee eia?eo oa no?oeoo?o ?iaioe. Aiia
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a ( a ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeaa
i?ae?icae?ee, o ae?oaiio — o?e), aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e, aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 173 n., c yeeo 161
n. iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 12n. — nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee
aeeth/a? a naaa 136 iaeiaioaaiue, 5 n. — aeiaeaoee (ae?aa?aie).

Iniiaiee ci?no ?IAioe

O anooi? ?ice?eoa aeooaeuei?noue oaie, iicia/ai? ia’?eo, nooi?iue
iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie, i?aaeiao ? oe?e? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/ai?
caaaeaiiy, iaoiaeieia?/ia ? aii??e/ia aaca aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ??
iiaecia, ai?iaaoe?y, iaoeiaa ? i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “Noia?a/iino? ?icaeoeo nenoaie aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie a
oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa” i?enay/aiee iaa?oiooaaiith ?ie?
aeui? oeiee a ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa ia no/aniiio aoai? ? aiae?co
e?eciaeo yaeu oeueiai nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.1. “?ieue aeui? oeiee a ?icaeoeo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ? aeooiaiiai iioaioe?ae?a noni?euenoaa”
i?iaiae?ciaaii aieea aeaii? nenoaie ia an? noa?e aeeooy e?a?i c ??ciei
aeiiii?/iei ??aiai ?icaeoeo, a oiio /ene? Oe?a?ie ? ?? ?aa?ii?a.
I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui i?ia?an a aeiiii?/iiio, nioe?aeueiiio, oaoi?/iiio
? aeooiaiiio ?icaeoeo eiaeii? e?a?ie iiaeeeaee o?eueee ye iane?aeie
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oiuei? nenoaie ? ?ioaa?aoe?? coneeue a
oe?e iaeano? a ?aieao na?oiai? ni?aae?oaeiino?. Ci?ie aeiia aei ??aiy
ina?oe, c?aooith, aeeeoothoueny ?ioa?anaie aeaeeaaiiy ethaeeie ye
a?ieia?/iiai aeaeo, nioe?aeueiiai noa’?eoa ? iin?y aeooiaieo
aeanoeainoae. Ioaea, aeua ina?oa aenooia? ye iaiao?aeiee aeaiaio
?icaeoeo iniaenoino? ? noni?euenoaa, aeiiii?/ii?, nioe?aeueii?,
iie?oe/ii? ? aeooiaii? noa? aeeooy a ?o aca?iica’yceo.

Aeena?oaio ?icaeyaea? aeo?aoe ia ina?oo ye iniaeeao oi?io “?iaan- oeoe?e
a ethaeeio», a ?icaeoie “ethaenueeiai eai?oaeo”. Ca?eueoaiiy a?aeaea/?
“?iaanoeoe?e a ethaeeio” aaoi? ?ice?eaa? /a?ac iiiyooy “yeino?” ?
“aoaeoeaiino?” aeui? ina?oe. Aoaeoeai?noue ?icaeyaea?oueny o aeaio
aniaeoao: — aioo??oi?e, ui aecia/a? i??o iniaeno?niiai caaeiaieaiiy
io?eiaiith aeuith ina?oith, a?aeiia?aei?noue nenoaie ina?oe oe?ii?niei
i???ioaoe?yi ? i/?eoaaiiyi iniaenoino?; — ciai?oi?e, ui aecia/a? i??o
aeeiiaiiy iinoaaeaieo noni?euenoaii ia?aae nenoaiith aeui? ina?oe
caaaeaiue, coiiaeaieo aeiiii?/iith, nioe?aeueiith ? eoeueoo?iith
iie?oeeith e?a?ie aai ?aa?iio.

Iiaeeeai ? ia’?aeiaiiy oeeo aeaio aniaeo?a aoaeoeaiino?. Oae, ooieoe??
nenoaie aeui? ina?oe: iiiaeaiiy eaae??a, caa?aaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie iaoeiaeo
oe?e, caaeiaieaiiy iniaeno?nieo iio?aa a ina?o?, ia iiaeyae aaoi?a,
iioeiaeueii ?aae?cothoueny a iaaieo, oa?eoi??aeueieo iaiaaeaiiyo, ye?
?noi?e/ii neeaeeny, — ina?oi?o ?aa?iiao. Naia a ieo ?ioaa?aoe?ei?
ca’ycee i?ae caieoaie noni?euenoaa ? iniaeno?nieie i/?eoaaiiyie a?ae
nenoaie aeui? ina?oe aeineoue o?ni?; c ?ioiai aieo, a ieo ?nio? ?aaeueia
iiaeeea?noue ?aaoethaaoe i?i?iaeuei? ci?ie a noni?eueieo iio?aaao ?
iaa?oue i?iaiicoaaoe ?o. Oiae? e?eoa???i yeino? i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a a
nenoai? aeui? ina?oe iiaea aooe i??a a?aeiia?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a eiai
ina?oe o?ueii e?eoa??yi: eaae?o?eaoe?eiei oa?aeoa?enoeeai; iniaeno?niei
iio?aaai o i?aeaeuaii? ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai, i?ioan?eiiai ? aeooiaiiai
??ai?a; nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iei caieoai aeaiiai ?aa?iio. Aaoi?ii
?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui aeua oeiea ? iaoai?ciii, ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai
iiaeeeaa ye?nia c?ooaiiy noni?euenoaa, iacaeaaeii a?ae ??aiy ?icaeoeo ?
a?aeaea/a a?ae iueiai neeuei?oa ia eieaeueieo oa?eoi??yo.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.2. “Iniaeeaino? i?io?eaiiy ? caaino?aiiy e?eciaeo
i?ioean?a o aeu?e oeie? Oe?a?ie ? ?o aeya ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?”
aaoi? aeiaiaeeoue, ui nenoaia aeui? ina?oe ia?aaeeaa? e?eco, yea
iia’ycaia, ii-ia?oa, c aeiaaeueiith e?ecith o noa?? ina?oe. Oaea e?eca,
o o?e /e ?io?e i???, oa?aeoa?ia aeey an?o e?a?i na?oiai? oeea?e?caoe?? ?
oi?ea?oueny a iniiaiiio ci?noiaiiai aieo ina?oe. A /ene? iniiaieo
i?iaeai aeiaaeueiiai ??aiy cacia/ai?: ia?ao?ae aei iiaiai oaoiiaaiiiai
aoaio ?icaeoeo oeea?e?caoe??; ca?eue- oaiiy ianyao niiaeea/i?
?ioi?iaoe??; i?enei?aiiy oaii?a canoa??iiy ciaiue; aeieeiaiiy iiaeo ?
a?aeie?aiiy noa?eo niaoe?aeueiinoae, ?o ia’?aeiaiiy.

Ii-ae?oaa, cacia/ai? oaiaeaioe?? aeiiiaiththoueny niaoeeo?/ieie
i?ioeanaie ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a ieaiaoe. Iaiao?aei?noue ia?aoai?aiue a oeeo
e?a?iao iia’ycaia aai c ia?aoiaeii noni?euenoaa aei iiaiai aoaio
?icaeoeo, aai c eiieo?aioe??th ia na?oiaiio ?eieo ae?iaiee?a. Oea
oi?ea?oueny e?a?i No?aeii? ?a?iie, NIAe ?, cie?aia Oe?a?ie, ye?
c?oeioeeny c iaiao?aei?noth ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie aeui? ina?oe aiane?aeie
oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo iie?oe/ieo, aeiiii?/ieo, i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei o nai?o
e?a?iao. O noa?? aeui? oeiee oe? ia?aoai?aiiy iaoiiaeee no?oeoo?i?
ci?ie, aiaeii/an c? ci?iaie ci?noiaiiai aeieo ina?oe.

Ii-o?ao?, aeeni?iii?oe?? a nenoai? aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie iaoiiaeai?
iniaeeainoyie ?icaeoeo ?aa?ii?a a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa, c
ia??aiii??i?noth oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?iciiae?eo aeueo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaae?a. Nooo?a? aeeni?iii?oe?? aeyaeeeny a nenoai? i?aeaioiaee
oao?aoe?a o cayceo c oei, ui, eiee Oe?a?ia aoiaeeea aei neeaaeo N?N?,
aoce aiooaaee eaae?e aeey ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa aaaaoueio ?aa?ii?a
aaee/acii? e?a?ie. C ?iciaaeii N?N? ?ieue ? cia/aiiy noni?eueieo
?ioa?an?a ?noioii ci?ith?oueny, o ca’yceo c /ei iio??aia noai?aiiy iiai?
nenoaie oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe? ? aaeaeaaoii? ia?aae?
aeiiii?/iiai ?aeiioaaiiy, o ae??aithaaii? ?aa?iiaeue- ii?
niaoe?ae?caoe??, yea neeaeany ?noi?e/ii, o aaeineiiaeaii? ?o
oa?eoi??aeue- ii? i?aai?caoe??. Oaeei /eiii, i?iaeaie, ui
niinoa??aathoueny a nenoai? aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie, ? iane?aeeii ci?i, ye?
a?aeaoeeny o aea?aeaa?, ? i?ioe??/, ye? ioiieththoue ?inoeoooe?ei? aiee
ia’?eoo. Ana?aaeei? nenoaie aeui? ina?oe ana aino??oa aecia/athoueny
noia?a/iino? eiioeaiooaeueiiai, no?oeoo?iiai ? ci?noiaii-aeeaeaeoe/iiai
oa?aeoa?o.

C ?ioiai aieo, iaea?eueo aino?eie aeey a?o/eciyii? aeui? oeiee
caeeoathoueny aea? a?oie i?iaeai: ia?oa iiaycaia c i?iaeaiaie
i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy nenoaiith aeui? ina?oe. Aiia aeeth/a? a naaa
ea?aeeiaeueio ci?io nenoaie ?iciiae?eo iiaiiaaaeaiue ?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? i?ae ??aiyie oi?aae?iiy nenoaiith ina?oe, ci?io
ci?noo ? oi?i ?aae?caoe?? aeaaeieo iiaiiaaaeaiue, a oaeiae ci?io nenoaie
ia’?eoii-noa?eoieo a?aeiinei i?ae iniiaieie o/anieeaie ina?oiueiai
i?ioeano. Ae?oaa a?oia i?iaeai iiaycaia c a?aeiia?aei?noth i?ae aeuith
oeieith ? ?eieii i?aoe? ? i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiyi aeioneiee?a. Oaeei /eiii,
?nioth/a neaai iaiaa?aia nenoaia aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a aea?aeaaii?
oi?ie aeaniino? ia aioiaa aei ?nioaaiiy a ?eieo, ia a?aeiia?aea?
i?eioeeiai ?ioaineaiiai, ?iiiaaoe?eiiai ?icaeoeo. C ?ioiai aieo,
iaei??th c iaaaoeaieo oaiaeaioe?e, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?ioeane aeui?
ina?oe ia no/aniiio aoai?, ? aeanoaa?e?caoe?y, ui iineeth?oueny o iiya?
iiaeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a an?o ??ai?a ye a na?aaeei? aea?aeaaii?
nenoaie ina?oe, oae ? iica iath. O oaeeo oiiaao cieaeo?oueny ye?noue
ina?oe, i?aeoe/ii cieea? iiaeeea?noue i?iaaaeaiiy ?aeeii? ina?oiuei?
iie?oeee ? eiio?ieth ca iath.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co aaoi? aeioiaeeoue aeniiae?a i?i iaia-
o?aei?noue ea?aeeiaeueii? ia?aaoaeiae, ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie aeui? ina?oe
Oe?a?ie. Iniiai? iai?yie oeueiai i?ioeano aaa/athoueny o a?aeoiae? a?ae
aea?aeaaii? iiiiiie?? a ina?o? oa aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy ?
aaei?i?no?oaaiiy nenoaie aeui? ina?oe iaeii/anii c i?aeaeuaiiyi
aea?aeaaiiai eiio?ieth ca caeeaaeaie ina?oe oeyoii iiaoaeiae ?aeoeiaiai?
nenoaie noeioethaaiiy aoc?a. sse ?acoeueoao aiae?co e?eciaeo yaeu ?
i?ioean?a o nenoai? aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie aaoi?ii i?iiiio?oueny “aea?aai
i?iaeai”, a yeiio aecia/ai? i?iaeaii? neooaoe?? a nenoai? ia
iaoe?iiaeueiiio ? ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo, ui ca/?iathoue no?oeoo?i?,
ci?noiai? ? i?aai?caoe?ei? aniaeoe.

?icae?e 2. “?aa?iiae?caoe?y aeui? oeiee ye iaeei ?c oeyo?a ?aoi?ioaaiiy
nenoaie aeui? ina?oe” i?enay/aii aecia/aiith iiiyooy «ina?oi?e ?aa?ii»,
canoinoaaiith iaoiae?a iiooeiaiai oa oe?eueiaiai i?iaiico i?e
iiaeaethaaii? nenoaie aeui? ina?oe ?aa?iio, iaa?oiooaaiith e?eoa???a ?
i?eioeei?a ?aa?iiae?caoe?? aeui? oeiee a?aeiia?aeii aeiiaai
iioeiaeueiino? ? aoaeoeaiino?.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.1. “Iniiae ? i?eioeeie aeae?eaiiy «ina?oiueiai
?aa?iio»” aaoi?ii aeiaiaeeoueny, ui noai?aiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo no?oeoo?
aoc?anueei? nenoaie ? iaeiei c iaoai?ci?a iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano
oi?aae?iiy nenoaiith aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie, ?? aii?yaeeoaaiiy.

Aaoi?ii aeiaiaeeoueny, ui ?aa?iiaeueia iie?oeea iiaea noaoe
iaeaaaeeea?oith neeaaeiaith ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, ae??aithaaiiy ??ai?a
aeiiii?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo ??cieo oa?eoi??e e?a?ie. Iniaeeai
oea oa?aeoa?ia aeey nenoaie aeui? ina?oe, yea, ?icaeaath/enue c
aeia?aaeaeaiiyi, caaacia/eoue aeeiiaiiy no?aoaa?/ieo caaaeaiue ?icaeoeo
noni?euenoaa.

Iniiaith aeey ?aa?iiae?caoe?? oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie iineoaoaaa oie oaeo, ui
iaeani? oeaio?e ? a?oie iaeanoae iaoi? e?a?ie aeineoue ??ciiiai?oi? ca
nai?ie ?noi?e/ieie, aoi?/ieie, aeiiii?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. Oaia??oiy
neooaoe?y a Oe?a?i? oaea, ui ?ic?ea i?ae ?aa?iiaie a ??aiyo aeiiii?ee ?
nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo aeinyaa? o?ee?aoiiai ??aiy. Aiia
ioa?aeoa?eciaaia aaoi?ii ye iaaecae/aeii o?eaiaeia, caa?iceeaa
i?ioenoiyiiyi i?ae ?aa?iiaie, iineeaiiyi nioe?aeueiiai iai?oaeaiiy a
noni?euenoa?. C iiceoe?e ?icaeyaeo ?aa?iiaeueii? nenoaie aeui? ina?oe,
ye /anoeie oa?eoi??aeue- ii-ae?iaie/iai eiiieaeno, aaoi?a oe?eaaeoue
aeua oeiea ye nioe?aeueiee ?inoeooo, a oaeiae ?? i?noea ? ?ieue a
eiiieaen? nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a noni?eue- noaa. Aeiiii?/iith
ia?aaeoiiaith ia?aoiaeo aei ?aa?iiaeueii? oi?ie oi?aa- e?iiy nenoaiith
aeui? ina?oe e?a?ie ? a?aeiinii aenieee ??aaiue ?? caaaeueiiai
iaoeiai-ina?oiueiai iioaioe?aeo, iayai?noue iiaooi?o ?aa?iiaeueieo i?ae-
aoc?anueeeo cayce?a, aeioe?euei?noue ia?aianaiiy i?eioeei?a
aini?ic?aooieiaeo aca?iia?aeiinei ia ?aa?iiaeueiee ??aaiue. Iniaeeaa
i?noea o neeaae? /eiiee?a aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy iiaeooue caeiaoe iaoa ?
iio?aaa ?aa?ii?a, ye? aenooiathoue niiioeaeueiei iioeaii noni?eueiiai
a?aeoai?thaaiiy.

A yeino? i?eioeei?a ?aa?iiae?caoe?? nenoaie aeui? oeiee aeena?oaio
aeae?ey?: ?aa?iiaeueio naiiaeinoaoi?noue, ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/iee
i?eioeei, aaeaioeaii-ia?niaeoeaiee, eiiieaeni?noue ?
aca?iiaeiaeaoeia?noue iaoee, ae?iaie/i? ? iaae?iaie/i? noa? c nenoaiith
aeui? ina?oe.

Oaeei /eiii, aaoi?ii ia??oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue ?aa?iiae?caoe?? ye
ieaoeaea?io aeey aei?iaoaaiiy ?iiiaaoe?e a iiiaeaii? anueiai noni?eue-
noaa ? iiooeo iioeiaeueieo oeyo?a o noaa?e?caoe?? noni?eueieo i?ioean?a.
I?e oeueiio aeena?oaio i?aee?aneth?, ui ?aa?iie oea ia iaia’yceiai
no?ee? ia’?aeiaiiy, aiie iiaeooue aooe aaeueie ??ciiiai?oieie.
Iai?eeeaae, ina?o- i? ?aa?iie a?aei?ii? a?ae ae?iaie/eo eiiieaen?a ?
o.?i., aiie iiaeooue aooe ye iiiii?io?euei?, oae ? iie?i?io?euei?.
Ei?aeiie ?aa?ii?a oaeiae iiaeooue aeaeici?ithaaoeny c oa/??th /ano, c
iaiao?aei?noth ia?aoai?aiue.

Aeey eeaneo?eaoe?? ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie aaoi?ii aoa aeei?enoaiee ?ic?iaeaiee
A.I. Aiooaeiii e?euee?niee iaoiae eeanoa?iiai aiae?co ?iciiae?eo
iaeanoae Oe?a?ie ia ?aa?iie ca i?eioeeiii aca?iiaeiaeaoeiaino?. Iaeiei c
ieo ? I?ai?/ii-no?aeiee ?aa?ii, aei yeiai aoiaeyoue: Oa?e?anueea,
Iieoaanueea ? Noinueea iaeano?, aea Oa?eiao iaeaaeeoue ?aa?iiaeueii
oi?ioth/a cia/aiiy. Oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeaiee ?aa?ii c?o/iei aaia?ao?/iei
iieiaeaiiyi, ui ni?ey? ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a c ?in??th. I?e
canoinoaaii? aeaiiai iaoiaeo aei nenoaie ina?oe Oe?a?ie aaoi?ii
aeiaaaeaii, ui ina?oi? ?aa?iie aecia/athoueny ca canaaeaie aeiiii?/iiai
?aeiioaaiiy, ui aea? aaoi?o i?aai a?aeie?aieoe Oa?e?anueeo iaeanoue o
aeaeyae? ina?oiueiai ?aa?iio. Oiio ui, oea o?aai?ciaaia oa?eoi??y c
aaeeeith Oa?e?anueeith aaeiia?aoe??th, yea noi?ioaaeany iaaeiei Oa?eiaa
— ia?oi? noieeoe? Oe?a?ie (1918 — 1934 ?.?.), ae?oaiai ca cia/aiiyi
i?iieneiaiai, eoeueoo?iiai, iaoeiaiai ? iaa/aeueiiai oeaio?a Oe?a?ie.
Ioaea, «ina?oi?e ?aa?ii» — oea, c iaeiiai aieo, neeaaeia nioe?aeueia
yaeua c i?aai?/ii ?ioaa?iaaiith nenoaiith aeui? ina?oe, yea ?noi?e/ii
neeaeany ia iaai?e oa?eoi??? ? /eieoue oi?ioth/ee aieea ia ae?iaie/o,
nioe?aeueio, iaoeiai-oaoi?/io, aeieia?/io oa ?io? iia’ycai?, i?ae niaith
no?oeoo?e, ui caaacia/othoue aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue noni?euenoaa. C
ae?oaiai, oea ia’?eo aea?aeaaiiai nioe?aeueiiai aenia?eiaioo a nenoai?
aeui? ina?oe, a iaaeao yeiai iiaeeea? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nioe?aeueieo
?iiiaaoe?e, aiae?c ?o ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ? aoaeoeaiino? o ieai?
nioe?aeueii? a?aeaea/? aeui? oeiee. ?aa?iiae?caoe?y aea?aeaaii? nenoaie
aeui? ina?oe iiaea ai?iaaaeaeoaaoeny /anoeiai aai iinooiiai.

Noai?aiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? nenoaie aeui? ina?oe ?icaeyaea?oueny aaoi?ii ia
i?eeeaae? Oa?eiaa ? iaeano?. A?aeiniaeaiiy aeaiiai ?aa?iio ye aaeeeiai
ina?oiueiai oeaio?o, iaaooue naiiai aaeeeiai a Oe?a?i?, ua neeuei?oa
caaino?th? i?iaeaio ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy aocaie
?aa?iio. Eiioeaio?aoe?y a iaeano? oaei? e?eueeino? aeueo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaae?a ???-?V ??aiy ae?aaeeoaoe?? ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?, oaiaeaioe?y
i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a, ui noi?ioaaeany o?eueee aeey iio?aa ?aa?iio, ia
?aae?ciao? caeeaaeaiee a ieo iioaioe?ae. Ioaea, cia/ia /anoeia aoc?a
iieeeeaia i?aoethaaoe ia iaoe?i- iaeuei? iio?aae. Ia iiaeyae aaoi?a,
?aoi?ioaaiiy aeui? oeiee a iaeano? iiaeeeaa o oaeeo iai?yiao: ci?ia
aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy c caaaeueii aea?aeaaiiai ia ?aa?iiaeueiee aai
aaeocaaee; noai?aiiy ? ?icoe?aiiy noa?e aeui? ina?oe ia eiia?oe?eieo
canaaeao ia aac? ?nioth/eo aoc?a; iiaeeea?noue ia’?aeiaiiy aeae?eueeio
aeecueeeo ca i?io?eai aoc?a ?aa?iio.

I?ae?icae?e 2.2. “Iiaeeeaino? i?iaiic?a o iiaoaeia? aeueoa?iaoeaieo
iiaeaeae ?aa?iiaeueii? nenoaie aeui? ina?oe” i?enay/aiee aiae?co
i?iaiicieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy aoaeoeai?noth nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a o
ia??iae ?o ?aoi?ioaaiiy. Iiae?ai? iaoiaee iai?aaeai? ia ae??oaiiy
ieoaiiy ia?aiiy iioeiaeueii? aeueoa?iaoeae, aoaeoeaiiai aeai?o i?ae
aeo?aoaie, iane?aeeaie ??oaiue, ui i?eeiathoueny, ? inoaoi/ieie
?acoeueoaoaie ae?yeue- iino?.

Iaoiaeieia?y, ui ?aae?co?oueny aaoi?ii, a?aeiia?aea? i?eioeeiai
iiooeiaiai ? ii?iaoeaiiai i?iaiicoaaiiy, cae?enith? i?iaeaiii-oe?eueiaee
i?aeo?ae. Nooue iiooeiaiai iaoiaeo i???ioiaaia ia aeyaeaiiy “i?iaeaiieo
neiae?ii?a», ye? aoee ?icaeyioo? aaoi?ii o i?ae?icae?e? 1.2. Aea
aoaeue-yea i?iaiicoaaiiy ia iiaea iaiaaeeoeny aeac?aeith ia i?iaeaie, ui
?niothoue o oaia??oiueiio /an? aai ui iac??aathoue. Iiaeaeue, oei
a?eueoa i?iaiicia, iiaeiia i?noeoe oe?e?, aei yeeo iiaeia ? o?aaa
i?aaiooe. I?ioean oe?eaiieea- aeaiiy a oai??? nioe?aeueiiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? aenoiaiiy ye i?i?ioi o?ueio oei?a oe?eae:
oe?eue-?aeaae, oe?eue-iio?ioi, oe?eue-ii?ia. C onueiai i?eaaaeaiiai
??ciiiai?ooy oe?eae ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie aeui? ina?oe aaoi? aeae?eea
iaea?eueo aeooaeueio nueiaiaei? — oea oi?ioaaiiy oaei? nenoaie, yea aoea
a caeaoia ?aaeeeaeueii i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue ? ye?noue i?aeaioiaee
oao?aoey aei ??aiy, aeinyaiooiai a ?icaeiaieo e?a?iao, oiaoi i?aeaioiaee
eaae??a c iiaei oeiii ieneaiiy, ui a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai iino?i-
aeono??aeueiiai noni?euenoaa c o?aooaaiiyi aeia?aaeaeath/iai
caaeiaieaiiy niiaeea/iai iiieoo e?a?ie ? ?aa?ii?a o aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo
oao?aoeyo.

I?e iiaoaeia? iioeiaeueieo oe?eae i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie aeui? ina?oe
?aa?iio aaoi? ?icaeyaea? nenoaio aeui? ina?oe a o?ueio aca?iiiiaycaieo
aniaeoao: i?aai?caoe?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy, no?oeoo?e ? ci?noo. Aeey oeueiai
aeena?oaio caa?oa?oueny aei aeina?aeo ?ioeo e?a?i, cie?aia Cao?aeii?
?a?iie ? I?ai?/ii? Aia?eee, i?aee?anethth/e cia/ou?noue aeeeaaeaiiy
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeenoeeie?i ? i?eioeeio ooiaeaiaioae?caoe?? ina?oe i?e
i?aeaeuaii? yeino? i?aeaioiaee oao?aoey. ?ioeie oaiaeaioe?yie ?
oe?oiiaiiy oaeoeueoao?a ? eaoaae? aeey iioei?caoe?? i?aai?caoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e nenoaie aeui? ina?oe oa ni?iuaiiy i?ioeano a?aee?eooy iiaeo
niaoe?aeueiinoae aeey caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa ?eieo i?aoe?.

A yeino? i?iaiiciiai oiio iioei?caoe?? i?ioean?a o a?o/eciyi?e nenoai?
aeui? ina?oe ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? aaoi? i?iiiio? aiae?c iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee o noa?? aeui? ina?oe: ?ic?iaea ?
?aae?caoe?y aea?aeaaii? no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo aeui? ina?oe, aaeaeaaoii?
iio?aaai noni?eue- noaa; aecia/aiiy ? cae?eniaiiy eiiieaeno i?aeoe/ieo
caoiae?a, iai?aaeaieo ia iiaeieaiiy e?eciaeo i?ioean?a ? yaeu,
noaa?e?caoe?? aeui? oeiee, ?? ?aoi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoie ia aac? iiaeo
?inoeooo?a, iaoai?ci?a ? iaoiae?a; ?ioa- a?aoe?y a?o/eciyii? aeui? oeiee
o na?oiao ina?oith nenoaio ? aeaaeai?/ia ni?aoiaa?enoai, ?icai?oaiiy
aoaeoeaieo ?ioaeaeooaeueieo eiioi?eaoe?e.

Aeoiaey/e c oeeo iieiaeaiue aaoi? iioei?co? oe?e? ?aoi?ioaaiiy
no?oeoo?e ? ci?noo aeui? ina?oe ?aa?iio a iai?yieao noai?aiiy nenoaie
aacia?a?aii? ina?oe, aeey yei? oa?aeoa?ia ??ciiiai?ooy oei?a aeui?
ina?oe ca oa?i?iaie ? ??aiyie i?aeaioiaee, oi?iaie iaa/aiiy. Iiae?aia
?inoeoooe?iiaeueia ?ooeea?noue aea? iiaeeea?noue a?eueo oaeaeei
ea?oaaoe iath ia iaaaeeeeo oa?eoi??yo, aea ca’ycie i?ae ae?iaieoeoaii,
iaoeith ? ina?oith o?ni?oa; ai?iaaaeaeoaaoe i?eioeeie
aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?? ? aeaiie?aoecaoe?? oi?aa- e?iiy, iaaeaiiy
naiino?eiino? aocai, ?o ?aa?iiaeueiei ia’?aeiaiiyi o ae??- oaii?
caaaeaiue o noa?? ina?oe ? iaoee.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.3. “E?eoa??? aeai?o aeueoa?iaoeaieo ??oaiue i?e
iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e ? ci?noo aeui? ina?oe a ?aa?ii?” ia??oioiao?oueny
cae?eniaiiy oaei? ?ai?aai?caoe??. I?ioean ?aa?iiae?caoe?? aeeth/a? a
naaa i???ioaoe?th ia iio?aae iniaenoino?, ui ?aae?cothoueny o eiie?aoi?e
nioe?a- euei?e noa??; oi?ioaaiiy ?aeeiiai ina?oiueiai i?inoi?o ?aa?iio a
a?aeii- a?aeiino? ?c caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiith ina?oiueith iie?oeeith;
o?aooaaiiy eiie?aoieo ?aa?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae i?e aecia/aii? noa? ?
iai?yi?a ae?yeueiino? aeaiaio?a ina?oiuei? nenoaie.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iaoai?cio noai?aiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? nenoaie aeui? ina?oe
aaoi? i?iiiio? aecia/eoe o?e i?aeno?oeoo?e onoaiia aeui? oeiee:
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy, ?aa?iiaeueiiai ? eieaeueiiai.
?aoi?ioaaiiy aeui? oeiee a ?aa?ii? ia?aaeaa/a? no?oeoo?io ia?aaoaeiao
nenoaie aeui? ina?oe, o ye?e iathoue aooe: aoce caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai
??aiy, a a?aeiia?aeii ? o?iaino- aaiiy; aoce ?aa?iiaeueiiai oa
eieaeueiiai ??ai?a. A eiaeiiio c oaeeo oei?a aoc?a iiaeeeai ?nioaaiiy
niaoe?aeueiinoae iaoe?iiaeueiiai ??aiy, oiaoi o?, yeeo aioothoue aai ca
i??i?eoaoieie aea?aeaaieie iai?yieaie, aai aeey aaeocae, ui
aenii?oothoue i?iaeoeoe?th ia na?oiaee ?eiie; niaoe?aeueiino? ?aa?i-
iaeueiiai ? oaeiae eieaeueiiai ??ai?a. I?e a?aeai?? oaeeo aoc?a aeey
eiaeiiai c ??ai?a iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe eiieo?n, aiaeia?/iee
ae?aaeeoaoe?? (aoanoaoe??) aoc?a.

Aei aoc?a ?aa?iiaeueiiai aai aaeocaaiai i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy iio??aii
a?aeianoe /anoeio aoc?a ? ie?ai? niaoe?aeueiino?, e?euee?noue ?
no?oeoo?a yeeo aecia/a?oueny iio?aaaie ?aa?iio, ye? aioothoue oao?aoe?a,
ui aeei?enoiaothoueny ia i?aei?e?inoaao ?aa?iio. Oae? aoce iathoue
o?iainoaaiiy c ?aa?i- iaeueiiai aai aaeocaaiai athaeaeaoo. Aei ieoaiiy
i?i o?iainoaaiiy c oiiae?a ?aa?iio oaeiae iaiao?aeii canoinoaaoe
eiieo?nio iniiao, aaeaea o?iainoaaiiy iiaea aooe ye iiaiei, oae ?
/anoeiaei. A yeino? iaoai?cio o aecia/aii? ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?aeoeiao aoc?a
aaoi? i?iiiio? o?e iniiai? oeie ae?yeueiino? aoco a ?eieia?e
aeiiii?oe?: ia?oa — a?i aeionea? oiaa? (oao?aoe?a) ia ?eiie
eaae?o?eiaaii? ?iai/i? neee, oiaoi ? oiaa?iae?iaieeii; ae?oaa — a?i aa?a
o/anoue a ?eieo iaoeiai? ? ?ioi? i?iaeoeoe??, ? iaeii/anii
oiaa?iae?iaieeii ? niiaeeaa/ai; o?aoy — a?i caaacia/o? ?ioeo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a ??cieie iineoaaie, caeeoath/enue i?e oeueiio aeaiaioii
?io?ano?oeoo?e ?eieo. Aeoiaey/e c oaeiai ?iciiae?eo, aaoi? aeiaiaeeoue
ui, aoc, yeee a?aeiia?aea? an?i o?ueii oeiai ae?yeueiino?, ?
iaeneiaeueii ?ioaa?iaaiei aei ?aa?iiaeueiiai niiaeea/iai ?eieo.

O aeiaaeeo, eiee ?aa?ii i?noeoue aeae?eueea iaeanoae, iaiao?aeii
?icaeyaeaoe aoce ?aa?iiaeueiiai ? eieaeueiiai cia/aiue. Aei aoc?a
eieaeueiiai cia/aiiy iiaeeeai i?e?aooaaoe iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee
iaaeaaia?/iiai, iaaee/iiai i?io?e?a ? aeaye? aoce i?iieneiaino?.
E?euee?noue nooaeaio?a a eiaeiiio c no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a
aecia/a?oueny c o?aooaaiiyi iio?aa ?aa?iio, non?aei?o ?aa?ii?a,
aea?aeaae, i?eioeeio ?ioaa?aoe?? aei na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa. Iniiaia
iaoa — aeinyaiooe ia’?i?a i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a a eiaei?e c?
niaoe?aeueii- noae, a?aeiia?aeieo iio?aaai ? o?iainiaei iiaeeeainoyi
aea?aeaae ? ?aa?iio.

I?e ?icaeyae? ieoaiiy i?i oi?ioaaiiy aoc?anueei? iiaeae? ana?aaeei?
?aa?iio aaoi? i?iiiio? noai?eoe no?oeoo?o iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, yea
a?ae- iia?aeaea a i?eioeeiai aaaaoinooiaiaai?, aacia?a?aii? ina?oe,
aaeaioiaaii? aei iio?aa ?aa?iio. C oe??th iaoith aeena?oaio aiae?co?
iiaeeeao no?oeoo?o nenoaie aeui? ina?oe ?aa?iio c o?aooaaiiyi
??ciiiai?oieo oiia. Oae, ?aa?iiaeueia iiaeaeue aeui? oeiee iiaeiia
i?noeoe caeeaaee, ye? caaeiaieueiythoue o?ueii ??aiyi ina?oi?o iineoa:
aeiaaino?ieia?, aei oaeeo caeeaae?a a?aeiinyoueny aoce, a yeeo iaa/aiiy
o?eaa? a?ae 3 aei 5 ?ie?a; na?aaeiueino?ieia? — caeeaaee ?c cai/iith
oi?iith iaa/aiiy aai eo?ne i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? i?e aocao, iaa/aiiy
ia yeeo o?eaa? a?ae 3 i?nyoe?a aei 1 ?ieo; ? ei?ioeino?ieia? — nai?ia?e,
eiioa?aioe?? ia aac? aoc?a, io?eiaiiy iiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? ia yeeo o?eaa?
i?ioyaii aeae?eueeio ae?a. Aaaeeeaith oiiaith oaeiai ?iciiae?eo ?
oi?ioaaiiy an??? ia?aae? ina?oi?o iineoa i?e aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao
?aa?iio, ui aeanoue ciiao a?eueo iiaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o
iaoeiai-ina?oi?e iioaioe?ae.

C ?ioiai aieo, no?oeoo?a aeui? oeiee ?aa?iio iiaeiia a?aeiia?aeaoe
o?ueii ??aiyi niiaeea/iai ina?oiueiai iiieoo: iianyeaeaiiiai,
ia??iaee/ii- ai, ai?ciaee/iiai. Oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie i?aeaioiaee
aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo eaae??a iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii c o?aooaaiiyi oeeo
??ai?a iiieoo ? ia?aaaaeaiiyi iianyeaeaiiiai iiieoo.

Iiae?aia ?aa?iiaeueia iiaeaeue nenoaie i?aeaioiaee ? ia?ai?aeaioiaee
aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo oao?aoe?a c o?aooaaiiyi oa?eoi??aeueieo
iniaeeainoae ciiaea nooo?ai iineeeoe iaoai?ci aca?iiae?? oi?aa?neoao?a ?
?o i?ae?icae?e?a c ?aa?iiaeueieie no?oeoo?aie (ae?iaieoeoai, iaoeia?
oeaio?e, n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai, eoeueoo?a ? o.i.). ??oaiiy oeueiai
caaaeaiiy aeicaieeoue aieeaaoe ia oi?ioaaiiy ?aeeii? oa?eoi??aeueii?
no?oeoo?e aacia?a?aii? ina?oe ? iaaeaoe ?e noaoon
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ? eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oieoeueeiai oeaio?o. sse
iaoai?ci iiaoaeiae ?aa?iiaeueii? nenoaie aeui? ina?oe aaoi? i?iiiio?
noai?aiiy iaoeiai-ina?oiuei-ae?iaie/eo ia?e?a.

Ina?oi? oaoiieia?? ? o??th eaieith, /a?ac yeo iaiiaith?oueny ci?no
ina?oe, a a?i a naith /a?ao ? noooth iai?io i?ae nenoaiith aeui? ina?oe
? noni?euenoaii, aeuith oeieith ? iniaeno?noth. ? yeui i?aai?caoe?eiee
aai oa?eoi??aeueiee aniaeo oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ia aeoaea aieeaaa ia
?iciiae?e iniaeno?nieo i/?eoaaiue a?ae ina?oe, oi ci?noiaiee iiai?noth
aecia/a?oueny iaiao?aei?noth a?aei?aoethaaiiy inoaii?o. I?e oeueiio
iaiao?aeii aeeth/aoe aei ci?noo ina?oe ciaiiy niaoeeo?ee oiai ?aa?iio,
a yeiio aeiaaaeaoueny i?aoethaaoe aeioneieeo aoca.

O aeaeyae? iniiaieo oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy, iaoe?eaieo ia aeinyaiaiiy
cacia/aieo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oe?eae, iioei?caoe?th aoaeoeaiino?
ci?noo ina?oe, ?ioaa?aoe?? nenoaie aeui? ina?oe a ?aa?iiaeueio
?io?ano?oeoo- ?o, aaoi? aeaco? ianooii?. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo ina?oi?o
oaoiieia?e, ye? iiaeia ia’?aeiaoe oa?i?iii “aaoiiiiia a/aiiy»,
ia?aaaaeaiiy ??cieo oi?i naiiina?oe. Iaae?eiei caniaii anaa?/ii?
?ioaineo?eaoe?? ? i?aeae- uaiiy yeino? iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano iiaea noaoe
eiii’thoa?ecaoe?y, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e o
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiee i?ioean.

O caeeth/aii? aeena?oaio ?iaeoue aeniiaee, o yeeo i?aee?aneth?, ui
?niothoue ia’?eoeai? i?iaeaii? iniiae ?nioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo nenoaie aeui?
ina?oe ye ?aa?iiaeueii? iiaeae?, a iaoith ?aoi?ie aeui? oeiee ?
aeiaaeueia ?aoe?iiae?caoe?y an?o noa? ae?yeueiino?, ?aaeeeaeueia
i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a, a?aeiia?aeieo aeiiaai
iino?iaeono??aeueiiai noni?eue- noaa. ?aoi?ioaaiiy ina?oe iiaeiii
a?aeaoaaoeny a eiiieaen?, oi?eath/enue i?aai?caoe??, no?oeoo?e ? ci?noo
aeui? ina?oe. I?e oeueiio ?aa?iiaeueia iiaeaeue aeui? ina?oe aenooia? ye
iiaeeea?noue aei?iaoaaiiy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue ? ye eiia??ii iiaeeeaa
aeueoa?iaoeaa i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? i?aeaioiaee eaae??a.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ae?theiaa I.A. Aiciiaeiinoe nioeeaeueiiai i?iaiice?iaaiey i?e
?aoi?ie?iaaiee nenoaiu aunoaai ia?aciaaiey // A?ni. OAeO ? 393.
Nioe?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy no/aniiai noni?euenoaa: iaoiaeieia?y,
oai??y, iaoiaee. — O., 1997. — N.102-106.

2. A??theiaa I.A. I?iaiinoe/i oaiaeaioe ?icaeoeo nenoaie aeui inaoe a
Oe?ai // Iia? oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy: Iaoe.-iaoiae. ca.- E., 1998.- Aei.
22.- N. 54-62.

3. Ae?theiaa I.A. I?iaeaiu e ianouiua caaea/e eioi?iaoecaoeee // O/aiua
caienee OAE “IOA- O.: Aaanoa, 1996. -O. 2. — N.43-49.

4. Ae?theiaa I.A. Nenoaia aunoaai ia?aciaaiey Oa?ueeianeiai ?aaeiia e
oaiaeaioeee aai ?acaeoey // O/aiua caienee OAE “IOA- O.: Iei, — 1997.
-O. 3 — N.18-24.

5. Ae?theiaa I.A. Aiaeec oaiaeaioeee oi?ie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey i?eaaoiiai
naeoi?a nenoaiu aunoaai ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu e aa Oa?ueeianeee ?aaeii //
Eiioeaioeey i?eaaoiiai ia?aciaaiey: i?eioeeiu, niaea?aeaiea, i?iaeaiu
?aaeecaoeee / I-ai ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu; OAE “IOA”. — O., 1998. —
N.64-71.- Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?aeiu. ?316 — Oe 98, 13.07.98.

6. Ae?theiaa I.A. Aiciiaeiinoe e i?iaeaiu nenoaiu iiiaio?iaiaaiai
ia?aciaaiey i?e oi?ie?iaaiee ee/iinoe nooaeaioia// Aoiaienoe/aneea
ooieoeee ia?aciaaiey e iniaaiiinoe eo ?aaeecaoeee a e?eceniii iauanoaa/
I-ai ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu, OAE “IOA”.- O., 1996.- N.262-275.- Aeai. A
IEEAI ?129-96 — 12.09.96.

7. Ae?theiaa I.A. Iaoiaeieiae/aneea iniiau nicaeaiey i?iaiiciie iiaeaee
nenoaiu aunoaai ia?aciaaiey n o/aoii iiaie ?aaeiiaeueiie iieeoeee//
Eiiiaaoeeiiiinoue a ia?aciaaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe: iaoiaeieiaey,
iaoiaeeea, i?aeoeea/ I-ai ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu; OAE “IOA”.- O., 1997.-
N.7-18.- Aeai. A IEEAI ?106-97 — 17.07.97

8. A??theiaa I.A., Einoaiei I.I. Aa?oinoue noai?aiiy iiaeaei aocia //
Aeua inaioa a Oe?a?ii: ?aaei?, oaiaeaioei? i ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo:
Iaoa??aee i?aeia?. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. (17-18 ea?o. 1996 ?., Ee?a) //
I-ai ina?oe Oe?a?ie oa ?i.- E., 1996.- N.81-84.

9. A??theiaa I.A. Iaoeiiiaeueia i ?aaiiiaeueia iieioeea o noa?i aeui?
inaioe // No?oeoo?a inaioe a ?aaiiii: i?iaeaie iioeiicaoei?: Iaoa??aee
i?aeia?. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. (12-14 a?oae. 1996?., Oa?e?a) / I-ai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie; OA? “IOA” oa ?i. — O.: Aaanoa, 1996. — N.36-38.

10. Ae?theiaa I.A., Noanaaneay I.A. Iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe i?aiiaeaaaiey
e iao/aiey a i?eaaoiuo aocao Oe?aeiu // Oaeineaiaeaiiy eiioeaioei?
i?eaaoii? inaioe a Oe?a?ii oa i?iaeaie ?iaioe a i?eaaoieo aocao: Oace
Anaoe?. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. (1-3 ethoiai 1995 ?. Oa?e?a) / I-ai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, OA? “IOA” oa ?i. — O., 1995.- N.134-136.

AIIOAOe?ss

A??theiaa I.A. Aeua oeiea ?aa?iio ye ia’?eo nioe?aeueiiai i?iaiico:
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa nioe?ieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 22.00.06 — nioe?ieia?y eoeueoo?e, iaoee ?
ina?oe. Oa?e?a- nueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeai? ?aa?iiae?caoe?? nenoaie aeui? ina?oe
Oe?a?ie a ia??iae o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa ? i?iaiicoaaiith ??
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo. O ?iaio? ?icaeyaeathoueny niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino?
oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy nenoaie aeui? ina?oe
Oe?a?ie. Aaaaeaii iiiyooy «ina?oiueiai ?aa?iio». Cacia/ai? iniiai?
“i?iaeaii? neiae?iie” e?eciaeo i?ioean?a o a?o/eciyi?e nenoai? aeui?
ina?oe ? aenoiai? oe?e? o?ueio ??ai?a aeacaa?aaaoe?? ?aa?iiaeueii?
iiaeae? aeui? oeiee. Iioei?caoe?y i?ioeano oeaeaiieeaaeaiiy ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? ca/?ia? i?aai?caoe?ei?, no?oeoo?i? oa ci?noiai?
aniaeoe nenoaie aeui? ina?oe ?aa?iio. Iaa?oioiaai? iniiai? e?eoa??? ?
i?eioeeie ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie aeui? ina?oe c o?aooaaiiyi ?aa?iiaeueieo
iniaeeainoae. A yeino? iaoai?cio ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? iiaeae?
aeui? ina?oe cai?iiiiiaai? iaoeiai-ina?oiuei-ae?iaie/? «ia?ee».

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ina?oa, ina?oi?e ?aa?ii, iioei?caoe?y, i?iaeaii?
neiae?iie, i?iaiicoaaiiy, ?aa?iiae?caoe?y, nioe?aeueiee i?iaiic,
oe?eaiie- eaaeaiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ae?theiaa I.A. Aunoay oeiea ?aaeiia eae iauaeo nioeeaeueiiai i?iaiica:
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa nioeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 22.00.06 — nioeeieiaey eoeueoo?u, iaoee e
ia?aciaaiey. Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

?acaeae 1. “I?ioeai?a/eainoue ?acaeoey nenoaiu aunoaai ia?aciaaiey
Oe?aeiu a oneiaeyo o?ainoi?iaoeee iauanoaa” iinayuai iainiiaaieth ?iee
aunoae oeieu a ?acaeoee iauanoaa ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia e aiaeeco
e?eceniuo yaeaiee a yoii nioeeaeueiii einoeoooa. Aaoi?ii
i?iaiaeece?iaaii aeeyiea aeaiiie nenoaiu ia ana noa?u aeecie no?ai n
?acee/iui yeiiiie/aneei o?iaiai ?acaeoey, a oii /enea Oe?aeiu e aa
?aaeiiia. Ia acaeyae aaoi?a, ooieoeee nenoaiu aunoaai ia?aciaaiey:
iaiiaeaiea eaae?ia, nio?aiaiea e ?acaeoea iao/iuo oeie, oaeiaeaoai?aiea
ee/iinoiuo iio?aaiinoae a ia?aciaaiee, iioeiaeueii ?aaeecothony a
ii?aaeaeaiiuo, enoi?e/anee neiaeeaoeony oa??eoi?eaeueiuo ia?aie/aieyo —
ia?aciaaoaeueiuo ?aaeiiao. Eiaiii a ieo eioaa?aoeeiiiua nayce iaaeaeo
cai?inaie iauanoaa e ee/iinoiuie iaeeaeaieyie io nenoaiu aunoaai
ia?aciaaiey aeinoaoi/ii oaniua; n ae?oaie noi?iiu, a ieo nouanoaoao
?aaeueiay aiciiaeiinoue ?aaoee?iaaoue ieieiaeueiua eciaiaiey a
iauanoaaiiuo iio?aaiinoyo e aeaaea i?iaiice?iaaoue eo. Oiaaea e?eoa?eai
ea/anoaa iiaeaioiaee niaoeeaeenoia a nenoaia aunoaai ia?aciaaiey iiaeao
auoue ia?a niioaaonoaey ?acoeueoaoia aai ia?aciaaiey o?ai e?eoa?eyi:
eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiui oa?aeoa?enoeeai; ee/iinoiui iio?aaiinoyi a iiauoaiee
eioaeeaeooaeueiiai, i?ioanneiiaeueiiai e aeooiaiiai o?iaiae;
yeiiiie/aneei cai?inai aeaiiiai ?aaeiia.

Aeaeaa aaoi? aeieacuaaao, /oi nenoaia aunoaai ia?aciaaiey ia?aaeeaaao
e?ecen, eioi?ue naycai, n aeiaaeueiui e?ecenii a noa?a ia?aciaaiey.
Oaeie e?ecen, a oie eee eiie ia?a, oa?aeoa?ai aeey anae ie?iaie
oeeaeeecaoeee e eanaaony a iniiaiii niaea?aeaoaeueiie noi?iiu
ia?aciaaiey. I?iaeaiu, eioi?ua iaaethaeathony a nenoaia aunoaai
ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu, yaeythony neaaenoaeai eciaiaiee, eioi?ua i?iecioee
a ainoaea?noaa, e yoe i?ioeai?a/ey ioaaouaatho einoeoooeeiiaeueiua
noi?iiu iauaeoa. Aioo?e nenoaiu aunoaai ia?aciaaiey ana ino?aa
ii?aaeaeythony i?ioeai?a/ey eiioeaiooaeueiiai, no?oeoo?iiai e
niaea?aeaoaeueii-aeeaeaeoe/aneiai oa?aeoa?a.

N ae?oaie noi?iiu, iaeaieaa ino?uie aeey aunoae oeieu inoathony aeaa
a?oiiu i?iaeai: ia?aay naycaia n i?iaeaiaie i?aaiecaoeee e oi?aaeaiey
aunoae oeieie. Ae?oaay a?oiia i?iaeai naycaia n niioaaonoaeai iaaeaeo
?uieii o?oaea e o?oaeiono?ienoaii auioneieeia. Ia iniiaaiee
i?iaaaeaiiiai aiaeeca aaoi? i?eoiaeeo e auaiaeai i iaiaoiaeeiinoe
ea?aeeiaeueiie ia?ano?ieee, ?aoi?ie?iaaiey nenoaiu aunoaai ia?aciaaiey
Oe?aeiu. Eae ?acoeueoao aiaeeca e?eceniuo yaeaiee e i?ioeannia a nenoaia
aunoaai ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu aaoi?ii i?aaeeaaaaony “aea?aai i?iaeai”, a
eioi?ii ii?aaeaeaiu i?iaeaiiua neooaoeee a nenoaia ia iaoeeiiaeueiii e
?aaeiiaeueiii o?iaiyo, cao?aaeaathuea no?oeoo?iua, niaea?aeaoaeueiua e
i?aaiecaoeeiiiua aniaeou.

?acaeae 2. “?aaeiiaeecaoeey aunoae oeieu eae iaeei ec iooae
?aoi?ie?iaaiey nenoaiu aunoaai ia?aciaaiey” iinayuai ii?aaeaeaieth
iiiyoey «ia?aciaaoaeueiue ?aaeii», i?eiaiaieth iaoiaeia iieneiaiai e
oeaeaaiai i?iaiice?iaaiey i?e iiaeaee?iaaiee nenoaiu aunoaai ia?aciaaiey
?aaeiia, iainiiaaieth e?eoa?eaa e i?eioeeiia ?aaeiiaeecaoeee aunoae
oeieu a niioaaonoaee o?aaiaaieyi iioeiaeueiinoe e yooaeoeaiinoe.

A ea/anoaa i?eioeeiia ?aaeiiaeecaoeee nenoaiu aunoae oeieu aeenna?oaio
auaeaeyao: ?aaeiiaeueiay naiiaeinoaoi/iinoue, aiaoiayeiiiie/aneee
i?eioeei, aaeaioeaii-ia?niaeoeaiue, eiiieaeniinoue e
acaeiiaeiiieiyaiinoue iaoee, i?iecaiaenoaaiiie e iai?iecaiaenoaaiiie
noa? n nenoaiie aunoaai ia?aciaaiey. Oaeei ia?acii, aaoi?ii
a?aoiaioe?oaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue ?aaeiiaeecaoeee eae ieaoeaea?ia aeey
eniuoaiey eiiiaaoeee a iaiiaeaiee anaai iauanoaa e iienea iioeiaeueiuo
iooae a noaaeeecaoeee iauanoaaiiuo i?ioeannia. Nicaeaiea ?aaeiiaeueiie
nenoaiu aunoaai ia?aciaaiey ?anniio?aii aaoi?ii ia i?eia?a Oa?ueeiaa e
iaeanoe.

I?e iino?iaiee iioeiaeueiuo oeaeae i?aaiecaoeee nenoaiu aunoaai
ia?aciaaiey aaoi? ?anniao?eaaao nenoaio aunoaai ia?aciaaiey a o?ao
acaeiinaycaiiuo aniaeoao: i?aaiecaoeee ooieoeeiie?iaaiey, no?oeoo?u e
niaea?aeaiey. Aaoi? iioeiece?oao caaea/e ?aoi?ie?iaaiey no?oeoo?u e
niaea?aeaiey aunoaai ia?aciaaiey ?aaeiia a iai?aaeaiee nicaeaiey nenoaiu
iai?a?uaiiai ia?aciaaiey, aeey eioi?iai oa?aeoa?ii iiiaiia?acea oeiia
aunoaai ia?aciaaiey ii n?ieai e o?iaiyi iiaeaioiaee, oi?iai iao/aiey.

Aeey ?aaeecaoeee iaoaiecia nicaeaiey ?aaeiiaeueiie nenoaiu aunoaai
ia?aciaaiey aaoi? i?aaeeaaaao ii?aaeaeeoue o?e iiaeno?oeoo?u
i?aaiecaoeee aunoae oeieu: iauaainoaea?noaaiiiai cia/aiey,
?aaeiiaeueiiai e eieaeueiiai. ?aoaiea yoie caaea/e iicaieeo aeeyoue ia
oi?ie?iaaiea aaeeiie oa??eoi?eaeueiie eio?ano?oeoo?u ia?aciaaiey e
iaoee, ?ac?aaaouaaoue e inaaeaaoue iaoeiaieea nenoaiu n eaae?iaui
iioaioeeaeii a eioa?anao ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa, nicaeaoue nenoaio
iai?a?uaiiai ia?aciaaiey, i?eaeaoue nenoaia ?aaeiiaeueiiai ia?aciaaiey
noaoon nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai e eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneiai
oeaio?a. A ea/anoaa iaoaiecia iino?iaiey ?aaeiiaeueiie nenoaiu aunoaai
ia?aciaaiey aaoi? i?aaeeaaaao nicaeaiea
iao/ii-ia?aciaaoaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ia?eia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ia?aciaaiea, ia?aciaaoaeueiue ?aaeii, iioeieca- oeey,
i?iaeaiiua neiae?iiu, i?iaiice?iaaiea, ?aaeiiaeecaoeey, nioeea- eueiue
i?iaiic, oeaeaiieiaaiea.

ANNOTATION

Birukova M.V. Higher region school as object of social prognosis.
Manuscript.

The dissertation is to seek the candidate’s degree in sociological
sciences on speciality 22.00.06 – culture social science, science and
education. Kharkov state university, Kharkov, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to system regionalization problem of
Ukrainian higher education in the period of society transformation and
to prognosis of its further development. The specific features of
territorial rational placing system of Ukrainian higher education are
considered in this work. The basic “problem syndromes” of crisis
processes in the home system of higher education are stated. The
optimization of the aim determination process of a regional level
toucher upon organisational, structural and contextual aspects of the
regional system higher education. The aims of a three-level
disaggregation of regional model of higher school are put forward. The
basic criteria and system reforming principles of higher education are
grounded taking into account regional peculiarities. The so-called
scientific-educational-productional «parks» proposed as a way of
implementation of the regional model of higher educational.

Key words: education, education region, optimization, problem syndromes,
prognostication, regionalization, social prognos, aim determination
process.

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