Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

?aai?n?e Aiaoie?e ?aaiiae/

OAeE 535.375

Aeiooaia eiia?iaoe?eia ?icn?yiiy

A oiiaAO naiioieonoaaiiy caoaeaeoth/i? aeaeo?iiaai?oii? oaee?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 01.04.05 ( iioeea, eaca?ia o?ceea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iaaee/ii? ?aae?io?ceee ?aae?io?ce/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iaeee A?eoi? ?aaiiae/ (aeioeaio eaoaae?e iaaee/ii? ?aae?io?ceee
?aae?io?ce/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea).

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iiai?aeia Aaea??e ?aaaiiae/ (i?ioani? eaoaae?e aenia?eiaioaeueii? o?ceee
o?ce/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea);

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
Aiai?oi Aeieo?i Ieeieaeiae/ (caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo iieaeoey?ii? a?io?ceee
?inoeoooo iieaeoey?ii? a?ieia?? oa aaiaoeee IAI Oe?a?ie).

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “22” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 1430 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.001.23 o Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252127, Ee?a-127, i?ini. aeaae.
Aeooeiaa, 6, o?ce/iee oaeoeueoao.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252033, Ee?a-33, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “19” ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Io?eiaiei A. A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeENA?OAOe??

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. C /ano naiai a?aee?eooy aeiooaia eiia?iaoe?eia
?icn?yiiy na?oea (AE?) noaei ia’?eoii iniaeeai? oaaae ? caaaeyee
?ioaineaiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi iaaoei canoinoaaiiy o ae??oaii? oe?ieiai
eiea i?eeeaaeieo i?iaeai. Cie?aia, ia iniia? AE? cia/i? oni?oe
aeinyaiai? a aoaeoeaiiio ia?ano?ithaaii? /anoioe eaca?iiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Ia?niaeoeaieie iai?yieaie aeei?enoaiiy AE? noaee:
caaaeaiiy oa iie?ioaiiy iioe/ii? yeino? eaca?ieo io/e?a; i?aeaeuaiiy
yne?aaino?, ?ioaineaiino?, aia?a?? aei?ii?ithaaiiy eaca??a oa ?o
eiao?oe??ioa ei?enii? ae??; eiii?an?y na?oeiaeo ?iioeuen?a; aaia?aoe?y
nie?oii?a; iaa?iaiiy oa ei?aeoe?y oaeeueiaiai o?iioo; niaeo?ineii?y
?iioeueniiai caoaeaeaiiy AE? oa iaa?iaiiai eiia?iaoe?eiiai ?icn?yiiy
(IE?). AE? iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue oaeiae aeey ia?aoai?aiiy cia?aaeaiue
c i?aeaeuaiiyi /anoioe, noai?aiiy iioe/ii? iia?aoeaii? iai’yo?, i?yiiai
i?aeneeaiiy iioe/ieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo neaiae?a, a iioe/i?e oiiia?ao??.

Iaaecae/aeii oe?iea eiei canoinoaaiiy aecia/a? cia/ou?noue aeaoaeueiiai
aea/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae i?ioeano AE? o ?aaeueieo na?aaeiaeuao. I?ioa
?ic?iaeaia oai??y AE? aea? caaeia?euei? ?acoeueoaoe o?eueee o aacao ?
aeayeeo e?enoae?/ieo na?aaeiaeuao ?c neaaeith caeaoi?noth aei
naiioieonoaaiiy (NO). Iacaaaeath/e ia coneeey oai?aoe/ii /e ia iniia?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue c’ynoaaoe o?ce/i? iaoai?cie, ui
iaoiiaeththoue oa?aeoa?io eooiao no?oeoo?o oa aaeee? niaeo?aeuei?
?icoe?aiiy e?i?e AE? o naiioieonoth/eo ??aeeiao, aaaeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo
aeinyaoe ia aaeaeiny. C?iaeai? ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeniiaee aoee ia caaaeaee aeinoaoiuei iaa?oioiaaieie oa cia/iith i??ith
noia?a/eeaeie. Aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? i?ioeano AE?, ui ia ae?noaee
iaeaaeiiai iiyniaiiy, iacaaee (aiiiae?yie( AE?.

C ?ioiai aieo, o?eaaeee /an aaaaeaeiny, ui oe?eaaee c o?ce/ii? oi/ee
ci?o aoaeo NO ia ia? ia?niaeoea i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy ? a?ae?a?a?
iaaaoeaio ?ieue, oneeaaeithth/e ia?aa?a ?ioeo iae?i?eii-iioe/ieo
i?ioean?a ( cie?aia, AE? ) oa cieaeoth/e no?ee?noue i?ici?eo na?aaeiaeu
aei ?ioaineaiiai eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe inoaii?o
aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee oeai?noue oaeeo iiaeyae?a. Iiaiai ?iioeueno
iaaoea ?aeay naiieaiaethaaiiy iiooaeieo oeueo?aei?ioeeo eaca?ieo
?iioeuen?a. Aeinyaiooa ?ioaineai?noue 1019 Ao/ni2 o o?eaiaioao c
?aae?onii ( 500 ii oa aeiaaeeiith ( 2 ii a?aee?eaa? iia? ia?niaeoeae o
noai?aii? ?aioaai?anueeeo eaca??a, ?iioeuenieo aeaea?ae oaeaeeeo
iaeo?ii?a oa aaia?aoe?? iaai?oieo iie?a ( 10 IAn. Iaaecae/aeii
aoaeoeaiei aeyaeeiny aeei?enoaiiy NO, ye iaoiaeo neio?ii?caoe?? iiae o
eaca?ao, aeey aaia?aoe?? ?iioeuen?a oaioinaeoiaeiiai ae?aiaciio.
I/aaeaeii, ui eiei i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy yaeua NO c?inoaoeia ?
iaaeae?. I?ioa iiaeaeueoee i?ia?an o i?aeoe/iiio aeei?enoaii? aoaeoo NO
caeaaeeoue a?ae aeaoaeueiiai eiai i?ciaiiy. *ooeea?noue /anoioii-eooiaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee oa ?ioaineaiino? AE?-aei?ii?ithaaiiy aei ia?aiao??a
oieaeueiiai ia’?io aea? ciiao ?icaeyaeaoe AE? ye iaoiae
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy NO.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?? aecia/a?oueny oei, ui
aeaoaeueia ?icoi?iiy iaoai?ci?a aieeao NO ia AE? ni?eyoeia ye
iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo iae?i?eii? iioeee oa eaaioiai? aeaeo?ii?ee, oae ?
i?aeoe/iiio aeei?enoaiith yaeu AE? ? NO aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo oa
noai?aiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e ? i?eeaae?a.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ( c’ynoaaiiy
oa?aeoa?o ? iniiaieo o?ce/ieo iaoai?ci?a aieeao NO ia ca?iaeaeaiiy ?
?icaeoie AE? oa eiai /anoioi?, i?inoi?ia? e eooia? ia?aiao?e, noaaeeeny
oa ae??ooaaeeny oae? iniiai? caaea/?:

( ?ic?iaea aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy eieae?caoe?? oa
ci?ie oa?aeoa?enoee ?icn?yiiai na?oea ocaeiaae in? AE?-aeoeaiiai
na?aaeiaeua;

( aecia/aiiy eieaeueieo ia?aiao??a ?icn?yiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ocaeiaae
o?ane ?ooo oieaeueieo iaeanoae o naiioieonoth/eo ??aeeiao;

( anoaiiaeaiiy ?ie? aeniaaeaiiy naiioieoniaaiiai caoaeaeoth/iai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy o oi?ioaaii? i?inoi?iai-eooiai? no?oeoo?e ia?aiao?e/ieo
AE?-eiiiiiaio;

( a?aooaaiiy aieeao eiieo?aioe?? ia?aiao?e/ieo oa eiia?iaoe?eieo
i?ioean?a a oiiaao NO ia /anoioii-eooiao no?oeoo?o aeueo aioenoieniaeo
eiiiiiaio;

( aea/aiiy ca’yceo i?ae oaeaee?noth iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe?? oa /anoioiei
?icoe?aiiyi e?i?e AE? o naiioieonoth/eo ??aeeiao.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ( aiioaoe?y iiaeo iaoeiaeo
iieiaeaiue (??oaiue), cai?iiiiiaaieo caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi ).

 ?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae i?inoi?iai? o?eueo?aoe?? eooiaeo niaeo??a, yeee
caaaeyee i?inoi?ia?e oa /ania?e ?icae?euei?e caeaoiino? ? aaeaeaaoiei
uiaei aea/aiiy AE? i?ae aieeaii NO ( aiaeia?a ia ?nio? ). Ca aeiiiiiaith
oeueiai iaoiaeo aia?oa ae??oaia i?iaeaia i?yieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue eieae?caoe?? ?icn?yiiy ? ci?ie eooiai? no?oeoo?e
AE?-aei?ii?ithaaiiy ocaeiaae in? iae?i?eii-iioe/iiai na?aaeiaeua, a
oaeiae aecia/aiiy iiooaeiino? naiioieoniaaii? /anoeie caoaeaeoth/iai
eaca?iiai io/ea.

 aia?oa oeyoii i?yieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia i?eeeaae?
oieoieo aeiaaaeaii, ui a oeiiaeo naiioieonoth/eo ??aeeiao AE?
eieae?ciaaia a oieaeueieo iaeanoyo caoaeaeoth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, a
?iciiae?e ?ioaineaiino? ?icn?yiiai na?oea ocaeiaae in?
iae?i?eii-iioe/iiai na?aaeiaeua aaciina?aaeiuei ca’ycaiee c ?ooii oeeo
iaeanoae. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia a?eueo?e /anoei? o?ane ?ooo oieaeueieo
iaeanoae, i?eeaaei? aei aeo?aeii? iaae? na?aaeiaeua, eooe ia?aaaaeiiai
?icn?yiiy caeeoathoueny iaeaea iaci?iieie, aea ? oaiaeaioe?y aei ?o
ciaioaiiy c iaaeeaeaiiyi aei oi/ee o?ane, oieona yea a?aeiia?aea?
aa?oei? eaca?iiai ?iioeueno ? aea ?icn?yiiy, cacae/ae, aeeoocia.

 Ia iniia? aeaoaeueiiai c?noaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? ?ic?aooieiaeo
aeaieo aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui o naiioieonoth/eo na?aaeiaeuao ae??oaeueio
?ieue o oi?ioaaii? ?iaeeeao?ene ia?aiao?e/ieo AE?-eiiiiiaio a?ae?a?a?,
ianaiia?aae, aeniea aoaeoeai?noue ia?aoai?aiiy naiioieoniaaiiai
eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o ia?oo noieniao (1s) eiiiiiaioo a oieaeueieo
iaeanoyo, caaaeyee /iio iiaeiaaei?e ?ici?? iaeano? ?nioaaiiy iaaaaeaii?
iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe?? ?noioii iaioee ca ?ici?? naii? oieaeueii?
iaeano?.

 Aia?oa aeyaeaiee oa iiyniaiee aieea eiieo?aioe?? eiia?iaoe?eieo ?
ia?aiao?e/ieo AE?-i?ioean?a ia oi?ioaaiiy /anoioii-eooiai? no?oeoo?e
aeueo aioenoieniaeo eiiiiiaio o naiioieonoth/eo ??aeeiao. Iaa?aeiiee
?ai?oa o?ce/iee iaoai?ci oeueiai aieeao iieyaa? o naeaeoeaiiio ca eooaie
IE?, coiiaeaiiio i?inoi?iaei ?iciaaeoaaiiyi ae?? eiia?iaoe?eieo ?
ia?aiao?e/ieo i?ioean?a.

 Ae?noaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oyaeaiiy i?i aaia?aoe?th oe?ieinioaiaiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy /a?aieianueeiai oeio o naiioieonoth/eo ??aeeiao (oieoie,
aaicie oiui) a?ae oaeeue iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe?? ye iaeio c i?e/ei
/anoioieo ?icoe?aiue e?i?e AE?. Oyaeaiiy iioe?ai? ia iae?i?eio
iiey?ecaoe?th c /anoioith aeueo aioenoieniaeo eiiiiiaio. Aeiaaaeaii, ui
?ica?aeiino? c oai???th a /anoioii-eooia?e no?oeoo?? aei?ii?ithaaiiy
/a?aieianueeiai oeio ? iane?aeeii iaaaaeaieo niioai?aiue oaeeueiaiai
o?iioo eaca?iiai io/ea ? ca?eueoaiiy iieacieea caeiieaiiy a iaeano?
neeueiiai iiey.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iathoue
aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey ?icaeoeo o?ce/ieo canaae iae?i?eii? iioeee ?
eaaioiai? ?aae?io?ceee, a oiio iiaeooue aooe iieeaaeai? a iniiao iiaeo
iaoeiaeo oa i?eeeaaeieo iai?yie?a:

( /a?aieianueei? niaeo?ineii??, ui aaco?oueny ia yaeu? aei?ii?ithaaiiy
/a?aieianueeiai oeio a?ae oaeeue iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe?? ? aea? ciiao
io?eioaaoe aaaeeeao ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i na?aaeiaeua, aiie?ooaeo iaaaaeaii?
iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe?? oa ?? oaeaee?noue;

( noai?aiiy iiaeo aeaea?ae, iiaoaeiaaieo ia i?eioeei? aeiooaiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy /a?aieianueeiai oeio a?ae oaee? iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe??,
ui iiaeooue ciaeoe canoinoaaiiy aeey aaia?aoe?? iaaeei?ioeeo ?iioeuen?a
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo oaeeue;

( noai?aiiy o?ainoi?ia??a ?iioeuen?a eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeey
ia?aoai?aiiy ?o o aeia?eueio iine?aeiai?noue noa?iioeuen?a ?c caaeaieie
o?eaae?noth oa /anoioith ( ia iniia? ii?aeiaiiy iiaeeeainoae AE?, ye
aoaeoeaiiai iaoiaeo ia?ano?ithaaiiy /anoioe, oa iiaeeeainoae NO, ye
iaoiaeo i?inoi?iaiai neaioaaiiy iiooaeieie caonoeaie aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
iiey c? oaeaee?noth aeecueeith aei oaeaeeino? na?oea.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aaciina?aaeiuei aeei?enoai? o
aaeocyo o?aaeeoe?eiiai canoinoaaiiy yaeua AE?, cie?aia, aeey
oaeineiiaeaiiy AE?-eaca??a c ea?iaaieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ia?ano?ithaaiiy /anoioe, iie?ioaiiy ia?aiao??a
eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, aeey ?icaeoeo niaeo?ineii?? IE?, AE? oa EA?N
( eiaa?aioii? aioenoieniai? niaeo?ineii?? ?icn?yiiy na?oea ) oiui.

?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaee oa iioe/i? noaie aeey ?o ?aae?caoe??
?icoe?ththoue iiaeeeaino? iioe/ii? niaeo?iiao??? oa ?io?ineii??.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi noai?aia
aenia?eiaioaeueia onoaiiaea, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae i?inoi?iai? o?eueo?aoe??
eooiaeo niaeo??a ? i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao NO ia i?inoi?ia?,
eooia? ? /anoioi? oa?aeoa?enoeee AE?-aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Caeiaoaa/ i?eeiya
aaciina?aaeith o/anoue a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ia?aa??oe? ?aea? i?i
oe?ieinioaiaa AE?-aei?ii?ithaaiy /a?aieianueeiai oeio, a i?iaaaeaii?
oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a on?o
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
ii?eethaeiai? ia OO Anan. c’?cae? ii niaeo?ineii?? (Ee?a, 1988 ?.),
oeie?-nai?ia?? (Iioeea ? niaeo?aeueiee aiae?c oa ?o ?ieue o iaoe.-oao.
i?ia?an?( (A?iieoey, 1988 ?.), O I?aei. oeie?-nai?ia?? (Niaeo?ineii?y
iieaeoe oa e?enoae?a( (Noie, 1991 ?.), O?? ?ani. oeie?-nai?ia??
(Niaeo?ineii?y iieaeoe oa e?enoae?a( (I?aeei, 1995 ?.), O??? Iaoe.
oeie?-nai?ia?? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth (Niaeo?ineii?y iieaeoe oa
e?enoae?a( (Noie, 1997 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 9 noaooyo,
iaoa??aeao 2 eiioa?aioe?e, 1 aaoi?nueeiio na?aeioeoa?, 1 aeaiiiiaai?e
?iaio?.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
6 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 111
iaeiaioaaiue, aeeeaaeaia ia 156 noi??ieao, i?noeoue 24 ?ethno?aoe?? oa 3
oaaeeoe?.

CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

Ia?oee ?icae?e ? iaeyaeiaei. O iueiio ie?aneai? iniiai? aoaie ?icaeoeo
iaoeiai? aeoiee ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??. Oaaao cina?aaeaeaii ia
?acoeueoaoao aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
?iaeeeao?ene oa niaeo?aeueieo ?icoe?aiue e?i?e AE?. Ooo aea iienothoueny
iniiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue AE? oa NO, ?nioth/? ia
iiiaio aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe.

Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? oai?aoe/ieo ?ia?o
iiia?aaeiee?a c aea/aiiy ?iaeeeao?ene AE?, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i
a?aenooi?noue ?aeeii? oi/ee ci?o ia ?? i?e?iaeo a naiioieonoth/eo
na?aaeiaeuao. ?icn?yia aei?ii?ithaaiiy eeano ?? o oeeo na?aaeiaeuao, yea
ia? oa?aeoa?io oa neeaaeio ?iaeeeao?eno, iia’ycothoue o ??cieo ?iaioao c
aaaaoioieoniith no?oeoo?ith aai eaca?iiai io/ea (Garmire E., Shimoda K.,
Bloembergen N.), aai 1s-eiiiiiaioe ( Eoaiaee A. I., I?ioi?ia A. I.,
Nieieianueea A. ?. ). E??i oiai, ?nio? oi/ea ci?o, ui aei?ii?ithaaiiy
eeano ?? iiaeia iiynieoe ? aac caeo/aiiy oyaeaiue i?i NO
( Noueinueeee I. I., A?aaonueea A. I. ). ?ic?iaeaia oai??y
( Eoaiaee A. I., Eeeoei Ae. I. ) caeaa?eueoiai i?iaiico? cia/aiiy eoo?a
ia?aaaaeiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o oe?ieeo iaaeao: a?ae ioeueiaiai aei
iiaea?eiiai cia/aiiy eoo?a, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey aei?ii?ithaaiiy eeano ?,
iaeiae ia aea? eiie?aoiiai aeaeyaeo caeaaeiino? oeeo eoo?a a?ae
?aaeueieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo oiia aai ia?aiao??a naiioieonoth/iai
na?aaeiaeua. Oaeei /eiii, oaeoe/ii i?iaiico?oueny iaaecia/ai?noue eoo?a
ia?aaaaeiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. O oeo aea aeiaaeeao, eiee caaaa/othoueny
o?eniaai? cia/aiiy eoo?a, aiie ia ocaiaeaeothoueny c
aenia?eiaioaeueieie.

Eiinoaoo?oueny, ui aenia?eiaioaeueii iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiee aieea oiia,
a?ae yeeo ia?aaeaa/a?oueny caeaaei?noue eooiai? no?oeoo?e
AE?-aei?ii?ithaaiiy. C ?ioiai aieo, o oai?aoe/ieo ?iaioao ia
a?aoiao?oueny ?yae oaeoi??a, ye? iiaeooue ?noioii aieeaaoe ia oi?ioaaiiy
?iaeeeao?ene ?icn?yiiy. Cie?aia, eaeaoueny i?i nei?i/aiiy aoaeoeaii?
aeiaaeeie aca?iiae?? oaeeue aiane?aeie aeniaaeaiiy eaca?iiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy o i?ioean? aaia?aoe?? inueiai? noieniai? eiiiiiaioe a
oieaeueieo iaeanoyo NO, a oaeiae i?i eiieo?aioe?th ia?aiao?e/ieo ?
eiia?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a o aeiaaeeo ?icn?yiiy o aeu? aioenoienia?
eiiiiiaioe.

Noiniaii aiiiaeueieo /anoioieo ?icoe?aiue e?i?e AE? o naiioieonoth/eo
na?aaeiaeuao cacia/a?oueny, ui iacaaaeath/e ia cia/i? aeinyaiaiiy,
inoaoi/ii oey i?iaeaia ia ae??oaia. Neeaaei?noue caaea/? cia/iith i??ith
iia’ycaia c aaeeeith e?euee?noth /eiiee?a, eiaeai c yeeo a?eueoa aai
iaioa aieeaa? ia /anoioio no?oeoo?o ?icn?yiiai na?oea. O?eueee
aeei?enoaiiy /anoioii-eooiaeo niaeo??a oiiaeeeaeth? aoaeoeaia
?iciaaeoaaiiy aianeo ??cieo o?ce/ieo iaoai?ci?a o /anoioi? ?icoe?aiiy.
Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a naia oaeeo aeine?aeaeaiue iieaco?, ui aeaye? nooo?a?
iniaeeaino? /anoioii-eooiai? no?oeoo?e aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia iiaeooue aooe
iiai?noth c’yniaai? ia iniia? a?aeiieo iaoai?ci?a. Caneoaiao? oaaae oa
aeiaaa? iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?iaa iieno oe?ieinioaiaiai
AE?-aei?ii?ithaaiiy ye aei?ii?ithaaiiy /a?aieianueeiai oeio a?ae
iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe??, ui ia? iaaena?oeiao oaeaee?noue
( Iiiaaea A. A. ).

Caaaeueiee aiae?c a?aeiieo iaoiae?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
i?inoi?iaeo, /anoioieo oa eooiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee AE? a oiiaao NO iieaco?,
ui, iacaaaeath/e ia ?o aaeeeo ??ciiiai?oi?noue, aiie iathoue nooo?aee
iaaeie?e ( a aaniethoi?e a?eueoino? oe? iaoiaee ia caaacia/othoue
aeinoaoiuei? ?icae?eueiino? o /an? oa ia’?i?. Oiio iaea?aeaia ca ?o
aeiiiiiaith ?ioi?iaoe?y ? ?ioaa?iaaiith ai?iaeiaae caoaeaeoth/iai
?iioeueno oa ocaeiaae in? na?aaeiaeua, a ioaea, e ocaeiaae o?ane ?ooo
oieaeueieo iaeanoae, ui ?iaeoue ?? iaaiith i??ith iaaaeaeaaoiith
eieaeueiei oiiaai aaia?aoe?? AE?.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?noeoue iien onoaiiaee, i?ea?iaeueieo aeaiaio?a
onoaoeoaaiiy, iiaeo iaoiae?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae
aiae?c iniaeeainoae i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? a?aeiieo iaoiae?a.

AE? o ??cieo naiioieonoth/eo i?aai?/ieo ??aeeiao caoaeaeoaaeiny
?iioeueniei ?oa?iiaei eaca?ii c niaeo?aeueiith oe?eiith aei?ii?ithaaiiy
0,01 ni-1, o?eaae?noth ?iioeueno 20 in, aia?a??th 0,6 Aeae oa eooiaei
?icoiaeaeaiiyi io/ea 1,5 i?aae. Eaca? i?aoethaaa o aaaaoiiiaeiaiio
?aaeei?. Oeaio?aeueia /anoeia io/ea ae??caeany ae?ao?aaiith c e?oaeei
ioai?ii ae?aiao?ii 2(4 ii, /a?ac yeo i?ioiaeeei 15(60% aei?ii?ithaaiiy.
O a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a AE?-aeoeai? ??aeeie caeeaaeeny o ethaaoe
aeiaaeeiith 25 ni.

Eooiaa no?oeoo?a AE?-aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaeanue ca noaiaea?oiith
noaiith ( o oieaeuei?e ieiuei? cae?ii? e?ice. Iniaeeaa oaaaa caa?oaeanue
ia iioe/io ye?noue e?ic. Aieea aaa?aoe?e ioe?ithaaany aenia?eiaioaeueii
ca aeiiiiiaith ?ioa?oa?iiao?a Oaa??-Ia?i, ?icoa-oiaaiiai ia?aae e?icith,
? oi/eiaiai aeaea?aea iiiio?iiaoe/iiai na?oea, yea ia?ai?uaeiny ocaeiaae
in? ca a?aenooiino? ethaaoe. Oieaeuei? a?aenoai? e?ic aecia/aeeny ca
iaoiaeii Aannaey. O e?ioeaaiio ?aooieo iioeaea aei??thaaiue eoo?a ia
ia?aaeuoaaea 1(2 %.

Aeey ?a?no?aoe?? /anoioii-eooiaeo niaeo??a, ca?aeii c a?aeiiei iaoiaeii,
oieaeueia ieiueia cae?ii? e?ice, aea oi?ioaaany eooiaee niaeo?,
noi?uaeany c ao?aeiith u?eeiith niaeo?ia?aoa. ?icae?eueia caeaoi?noue
niaeo?ia?aoa neeaaeaea 0,05 ii, a?aeiiniee ioa?? ( 1:25. ?iai/ee
ae?aiacii eoo?a ( ?icn?yiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy noaiiaea 0i ( 4i. Aea??
aca?iiiai ?icoaooaaiiy ethaaoe oa cae?ii? e?ice ? aiae?c
/anoioii-eooiaeo niaeo??a a iaeano? aaeeeeo cia/aiue eoo?a ( ( ( 1i)
cae?enithaaeeny c o?aooaaiiyi caeaaeiino? a?ae ( aeiaaeeie ae?eyiee, c
yei? ?icn?yia aei?ii?ithaaiiy iiaei ?a?no?oaaoeny.

(0 ca ethaaoith 1. O oae?e noai? a?ae??cie o?ane AA, ui aei?ii?ith?
i?ae eooii ( aei iioe/ii? in?, cia?aceoueny o ieiuei? ?a?no?aoe??
a?ae??ceaie A(A(, aeiaaeeia yeeo iaeiicia/ii ca’ycaia c aeiaaeeiith
a?ae??cea o?ane AA, a?aenoaiue aei in? ( c i?noeaiieiaeaiiyi
aei?ii?ithth/i? iaeano?, a aceiooaeueiee eoo ( c eooii (. Ioaea,
ca?a?no?iaaia ea?oeia ? i?inoi?iai-eooiaei niaeo?ii, yeee iana
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i eieae?caoe?th oeaio??a ?icn?yiiy ocaeiaae in?
naiioieonoth/iai na?aaeiaeua. A?i aea? ciiao aaciina?aaeiuei aecia/aoe
eieaeuei? ia?aiao?e eooiai? no?oeoo?e ?icn?yiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa
iiina?aaeeiaaii ( ii/aoeiaee ?aae?on ? iiooaei?noue naiioieoniaaii?
/anoeie caoaeaeoth/iai io/ea. Oaeaeeee ?oo oieaeueii? iaeano? NO
caaacia/o? ? /aniao ?icae?eueio caeaoi?noue iaoiaeo.

Caeaaeii a?ae caaea/? oa oeio niaeo?a, ?icn?yia aei?ii?ithaaiiy
?a?no?oaaeiny ia oioiie?aeo A-2 aai ia aaaaoiaeaiaioiee ia?aoai?thaa/
iioe/ieo neaiae?a EO1024-25/2, aeaeo?iiia noaia ea?oaaiiy yeiai aoea
niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaia oa aeaioiaeaia. Aeey aecia/aiiy niaeo?aeueieo
iai?aoe?ei ?icn?yiiai na?oea o aeiaaeeo ?a?no?aoe?? ia oioiie?aeo
aeei?enoiaoaaeany i?ea?iaeueia iioe/ia noaia ooai?aiiy
oeaio?ineiao?e/ieo cia?aaeaiue ?c caaeaiei ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi
?ioaineaiinoae (A. n. 1347667).

Iieaciee caeiieaiiy AE?-aeoeaieo ??aeei, aeai? i?i yeee iaiao?aei? aeey
oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co ca?a?no?iaaieo niaeo??a, aei??thaaany c iioeaeith
2(10-5 ca iaoiaeii iaeiaioiai eooa a?aeoeeaiiy na?oea i?eciith.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iiaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue eooiai? oa i?inoi?iai-eooiai? no?oeoo?e aioenoieniaiai
AE? a oiiaao NO, iienaii iaoiae oa ?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a
naiioieoniaaiiai caoaeaeoth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Oanoiaei ia’?eoii
neoaoaaa oieoie.

 3 %. A iaaeao cacia/aii? oeoeooaoe?? eooa (1 ia?aaaaeiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy 1as-eiiiiiaioe ?nio? ei?aeyoe?y: iaio?e ?ioaineaiino?
eiiiiiaioe a?aeiia?aeathoue a?eueo? cia/aiiy eooa. Ui ae aei /eneiaeo
cia/aiue eoo?a ia?aaaaeiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aioenoieniaeo eiiiiiaio, oi
oi/a aiie a ?ioaa?aeueieo eooiaeo niaeo?ao ? oe?eeii aecia/aieie aeey
eiie?aoii? naiioieonoth/i? ??aeeie, aea a iaaeao 25% ia ocaiaeaeothoueny
c aeaiaioa?iith oai???th /ioe?eoaeeueiaeo ia?aiao?e/ieo i?ioean?a.

O aeiaaeeo ineaaeaiiy eaca?iiai io/ea iaeo?aeueieie na?oeio?eueo?aie o
1,5 ?aca aia?a?y aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ?icn?yiiai a 1as-eiiiiiaioo,
ciaiooaaeany o 5 ?ac?a, oe?eia eooiaiai ?iciiae?eo ( o 2 ?ace, a
cia/aiiy eooa ia?aaaaeiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy c?inoaei ia 2(3%. Ie??i
oeueiai, ca aaeeei? aia?a?? eaca?iiai ?iioeueno eooiaee ?iciiae?e
?icn?yiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy a ieie? eooa (1 aoa ?noioii ianeiao?e/iei:
?icoe?aiiy o a?e iaioeo eoo?a ia?aaaaeaei, cieaeaiiy ae aia?a?? aaei aei
neiao?ecaoe?? ?iciiae?eo. Oaea caeaaei?noue ?noioii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
o???, ui niinoa??aa?oueny o aeiaaeeo ae?ao?aaioaaiiy eaca?iiai io/ea.
Cieaeaiiy i?eaeecii o 5 ?ac?a aia?a?? caoaeaeoth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy,
aiane?aeie ci?ie c 5 ii aei 1 ii ae?aiao?a ioai?o ae?ao?aaie,
?icoaoiaaii? ia?aae ethaaoith, aaei aei ciaioaiiy o 7(8 ?ac?a aia?a??
na?oea, ?icn?yiiai i?ae eooii (1, aea i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaaei ia
neiao??th, oe?eio eooiaiai ?iciiae?eo oa ia cia/aiiy (1.

I?inoi?iai-eooia? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaia?aoe?? eiiiiiaio AE? ocaeiaae o?ane
i?ioiaeaeaiiy caoaeaeoth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy /a?ac ethaaoo i?iaiaeeeenue
ca iaoiaeii i?inoi?iai? o?eueo?aoe?? eooiaeo niaeo??a. Iaeei ?c
i?inoi?iai-eooiaeo niaeo??a, iaea?aeaiee aeey 1as-eiiiiiaioe a oieoie?
ca aia?a?? caoaeaeoth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy 0,6 Aeae, iiaeaiee ia ?en. 2.
Ii ai?eciioaeuei?e in? ia ?en. 2 a?aeeeaaeaia a?aenoaiue Z a?ae
ao?aeiiai a?eia ethaaoe, a ii eieo ( eoo ?icn?yiiy ( o a?aeiioaii? aei
eooa (ch =87,4 eoo.oa. Oaeee caaaeueiee aeaeyae i?inoi?iai-eooiaiai
niaeo?a coiiaeaiee ae??aiiianooaaiei NO caoaeaeoth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.
Iani?aa?ni? oieaeuei? iaeano?, ui eieae?ciaai? ia ie?aieo i?inoi?iaeo
ae?eyieao o?iioo io/ea, aeieeath/e iiaeeco aeo?aeiiai a?eia ethaaoe
( Z=25ni ), o i??o ia?inoaiiy iiooaeiino? a eaca?iiio ?iioeuen?
?ooathoueny aei ao?aeiiai a?eia ( Z=0ni ). O eiaeiiio oieon? ia?inoa?
?ioaineai?noue ? c iaaeeaeaiiyi aei aa?oeie eaca?iiai ?iioeueno ?o ?oo
niia?eueith?oueny. A?aeiia?aeii c?inoa? ?ioaineai?noue ?icn?yiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy ? eiai o?eaae?noue. Oaeei /eiii, iaeano? noiyiiy
eiaeiiai oieona, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue aa?oei? eaca?iiai ?iioeueno,
?a?no?othoueny ye iae?ioaineai?oa aei?ii?ithth/?. Ine?eueee o ia?aaeith
/anoeio ethaaoe oieaeuei? iaeano? ia iiiaaeathoue, oi ia oe?e ae?eyioe?
caoaeaeoth/a aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia ?icn?th?oueny. Ia niaae? eaca?iiai
?iioeueno i?ioean ?ooo oieaeueieo iaeanoae oa ?icn?yiiy iiaoi?ththoueny
o cai?ioiiio ii?yaeeo.

Aeyaeaii, ui ia a?eueo?e /anoei? o?ane, i?eeaaei? aei aeo?aeiiai a?eia,
eooe ia?aaaaeiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aioenoieniaeo eiiiiiaio caeeoathoue-ny
iaeaea iaci?iieie, aea c iaaeeaeaiiyi aei oi/ee noiyiiy oieona
niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei ?o ciaioaiiy. Ia a?aenoai? 7(9 ni aei
oi/ee noiyiiy oieona eoo ia?aaaaeiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy 1as-eiiiiiaioe
ii/eia? oaeaeei ciaiooaaoenue, eooiaa no?oeoo?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy noa?
iaae?aciith ? a ieie? oi/ee noiyiiy ( Z=6ni ) cieea?.

I?inoi?iai-eooia? niaeo?e aeaee ciiao ca oi?ioeaie aeey oieonii?
a?aenoai? NO aecia/aoe iiooaei?noue ? eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ui
iiiaaea? o iae?ioaineai?oo oieaeueio iaeanoue, oa ii/aoeiaee ?aae?on a0
oe??? naiioieoniaaii? /anoeie io/ea. Aeey eaca?a, yeee aeei?enoiaoaaany,
? aia?a?? Ei=0,6 Aeae a?aeiia?aei? ?ic?aooiee aeaee, ui a0=113 iei, a
i?ia?a oieona a?ae aeoiaeo ethaaoe c oieoieii aeiaaeeiith 25 ni aei
oi/ee iiai?ioo ( Z=6 ni ) a?aeiia?aeaa ci?i? ieoo?ai? iiooaeiino?
?=(1,3(3,6)?cr, aea ?cr — e?eoe/ia iiooaei?noue NO. Naia oae? oiiae
( iacaaii ?o oano-oiiaaie ) a?aeiia?aeathoue niaeo?o ia ?en. 2.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e ? oai?aoe/ii-?ic?aooieiaei oa i?noeoue e?euee?niee
aiae?c ia?aiao??a oieaeueieo iaeanoae, aeaaaeaiiy ooieoe?? ?iciiae?eo
aiie?ooaee iiey?ecaoe?? ia aioenoienia?e /anoio?, ?ic?aooiie eooiai?
no?oeoo?e ?icn?yiiai na?oea, c?noaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a c
aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie o?aoueiai ?icae?eo oa oai?aoe/ieie ?iaioaie
?ioeo aaoi??a.

Iieacaii, ui aaiiao?e/i? ?ici??e oieaeueii? iaeano? NO nooo?ai
ci?iththoueny i?ioyaii eaca?iiai ?iioeueno ? a?aeiia?aeii ocaeiaae
o?ane. Oae, ca oano-oiia ca?eueoaiiy ieoo?ai? iiooaeiino? eaca?iiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy o 2,8 ?aca, ui a?aeiia?aea? i?ia?ao oieona
Z=25(6 ni, aaaea aei ciaioaiiy ?? aeiaaeeie o 16,6 ?aca ( c 19,6 ii aei
1,18 ii. Ca?aene, aeoiaey/e c aenia?eiaioaeueieo cia/aiue eoo?a
ia?aaaaeiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa ?o aecia/aiino? ia a?eueo?e /anoei?
o?ane ?ooo oieaeueii? iaeano?, c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i oa, ui aeiaaeeia
iaeano? ?nioaaiiy iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe?? ia aioenoieniaeo /anoioao ia
aecia/a?oueny aaciina?aaeiuei aeiaaeeiith oieaeueii? iaeano? (ye iiaeia
i/?eoaaoe), a ? ?noioii iaioith a?ae ia?.

Aeey oiai, uia c’ynoaaoe i?e/eie oaeeo ?ica?aeiinoae, ?ic?aoiaaiee
?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee eiia?iaoe?eiiai i?aeneeaiiy o iaaeeaeaii?
iiaeeo?eiaaieo ieineeo oaeeue ca a?aenooiino? ?icn?yiiy (ia iniia?
aenia?eiaioaeueii io?eiaieo cia/aiue iiooaeiino? oa ii/aoeiaiai ?aae?ona
naiioieoniaaii? /anoeie caoaeaeoth/iai io/ea). Aeyaeaii, ui o
naiioieonoth/eo na?aaeiaeuao ?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee g eiia?iaoe?eiiai
i?aeneeaiiy aeinyaa? o oieaeueieo iaeanoyo cia/aiue aeinoaoi?o aeey
aeniaaeaiiy eaca?ii? oaee?. Oae, o oano-oiiaao iieaciee g ci?ithaaany
a?ae g(?=3,6?cr)=23,3 aei g(?=1,3?cr)=112. Ioaea, a?aeaoaa?oueny
nei?i/aiiy aoaeoeaii? aeiaaeeie aca?iiae?? oaeeue aiane?aeie aeniaaeaiiy
eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o i?ioean? aaia?aoe?? inueiai? 1s-eiiiiiaioe a
oieaeueieo iaeanoyo NO, ? oiio aeiaaeeia iaeano? ?nioaaiiy iae?i?eii?
iiey?ecaoe?? ia aioenoienia?e /anoio? ia aecia/a?oueny aaciina?aaeiuei
aeiaaeeiith oieaeueii? iaeano? oa ? ?noioii iaioith a?ae ia?.

/(Z=17,2 aeey ?=1,3?cr ), aeiionea? iiaeeea?noue oiai, ui eooe
ia?aaaaeiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeineoue aecia/aieie ? ia
aeinyaathoue cia/aiue, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey ?icn?yiiy c iane?i/aiii oiieeo
oa aeiaaeo aeoeaieo cii.

C aeei?enoaiiyi ciaeaeaii? ooieoe?? F oa o i?eiouaii?, ui iiia?a/iee
?iciiae?e ? aaonniaei ?ic?aoiaaia eooiaa no?oeoo?a 1as-eiiiiiaioe o
oieoie? ca oano-oiia. Ia ?en. 3 a?ao?/ii iiaeai? ?acoeueoaoe /eneiaiai
?ioaa?oaaiiy o aeiaaeeo oieoieo aeey aeayeeo cia/aiue ?. Aea?ai?
cia/aiiy ? a?aeiia?aeathoue iieiaeaiiyi oieaeueii? iaeano? Z(?/?cr) c
?ioa?aaeii 4 ni : Z(1,31)=25 ni (a), Z(1,41)=21 ni (b), Z(1,57)=
17 ni (c), Z(1,85)=13 ni (d), Z(2,46)=9 ni (e). Aeaoaeueia c?noaaeaiiy
?ic?aooieiai? eooiai? no?oeoo?e c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie aeey
oieoieo ( aeea. ?en.2 ), iaea?aeaieie ca iaoiaeii o?eueo?aoe?? eooiaeo
niaeo??a, iieaco?, ui ci?ie o eooia?e no?oeoo?? ?icn?yiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy ocaeiaae o?ane ?ooo oieaeueii? iaeano? aeia?a
iienothoueny o ?aieao iaaeeaeaiiy, a yeiio a?aoiao?oueny ianooaa
ia?aoai?aiiy caoaeaeoth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o 1s-eiiiiiaioo.

I’yoee ?icae?e iciaeiieth? c ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue /anoioii-eooiai? no?oeoo?e AE?-aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia
i?aeeiia?iaoe?eieo /anoioao o naiioieonoth/eo na?aaeiaeuao, aeeth/a?
iaa?oiooaaiiy /a?aieianueei? i?e?iaee oeueiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ioe?iee
aieeao ??cieo oaeoi??a ia eiai /anoioii-eooiao no?oeoo?o oa
ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c c eeane/iei /a?aieianueeei aei?ii?ithaaiiyi.

140 eoo.oa.). Niinoa??aathoueny ia?aaieiaeaei? /anoioii-eooia? nioae
( aeoae ), neiao?e/i? a?aeiinii in? aeenia?n?? niaeo?ia?aoa (( = 0) ?
caa?iai? aa?oeiaie o a?e niaeo?aeueii? e?i?? caoaeaeoth/iai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy. *anoioi? cnoae (( aa?oei ia?aaie a?aeiinii
a?aeiia?aeieo eiia?iaoe?eieo /anoio ia ca?aathoueny ? ia e?aoi? /anoioai
AE?-aeoeaieo iieaeoey?ieo eieeaaiue. C ei?ioeioaeeueiai? noi?iie niaeo?a
e?eea ia?aaie ia?eaathoueny ia aeiaaeeiao oaeeue, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue
aioenoieniaei eiiiiiaioai AE?. A iaeano? 1as-eiiiiiaioe iiae?ai?
/anoioii-eooia? nioae niinoa??aathoueny aeey on?o ??aeei, ui
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny, a a iaeano? 2as-eiiiiiaioe ( aeey oieoieo ?
i?oi-eneeieo.

Oaae.1.

??aeeia (((/2(c, ni-1

(eiiiiiaioa) oai?. aeni.

Aaicie (1as) 192 227

A?iiaaicie (1as) 196 234

I?oi-eneeie (1as) 110 145

I?oi-eneeie (2as) 304 362

Oieoie (1as) 198 235

Oieoie (2as) 537 591

Cacia/ai? /anoioii-eooia? nioae ?ioa?i?aoiaai? ye oae?, ui aeieeathoue
aiane?aeie /a?aieianueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy a?ae aioenoieniaeo oaeeue
iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe??. Aei?ii?ithaaiiy /a?aieianueeiai oeio a?ae oeeo
oaeeue coiiaeaia: 1) aeenia?n??th (ii?iaeueiith) iieacieea caeiieaiiy,
ca yei? iae?i?eia iiey?ecaoe?y, ui ooai?th?oueny a ?acoeueoao?
ia?aiao?e/ii? aca?iiae?? eie?iaa?ieo oaeeue c iaioith /anoioith, a ioaea
e oaeaeoeo, naia ?iciianthaeaeothoueny c? oaeaee?noth, a?eueoith i?ae
oaciaa oaeaee?noue na?oea o na?aaeiaeu? ia /anoio? a?aeiia?aeii?
aioenoieniai? eiiiiiaioe; 2) NO eaca?iiai io/ea, ca yeiai neeueii
iiia?a/ii iaiaaeothoueny ( aei aeae?eueeio i?e?iiao??a ) iaeano?
aca?iiae?? oaeeue oa ?nioaaiiy iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe??. Aieiai?
a?aoiaioe ia ei?enoue oe??? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ( oea niaeo?aeueia iieiaeaiiy
aeyaeaiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ? oa?aeoa? eiai /anoioii-eooiai? caeaaeiino?:
aiii niinoa??aa?oueny o?eueee o oeo niaeo?aeueieo iaeanoyo, aea
oaeaee?noue oaee? iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe?? ia?aaeuo? oaciao oaeaee?noue
na?oea o na?aaeiaeu?, a caeaaei?noue i?ae /anoioith ? eooii
?iciianthaeaeaiiy caaeiaieueiythoue oiia? aeieeiaiiy /a?aieianueeiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Oae, ci?ie aenia?eiaioaeueieo cia/aiue (( a?ae iaei???
??aeeie aei ?ioi? ? a?ae 1as aei 2as-eiiiiiaioe iiai?noth ei?aeththoue
?c ci?iaie ?ic?aooieiaeo cia/aiue (oaae.1). Aiaeia?/ia ei?aeyoe?y ?nio?
? aeey eoo?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy /a?aieianueeiai oeio.

?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy /anoioieo cnoa?a (( iaio?, a eoo?a a?eueo?
?aaeueieo a na?aaeiueiio ia (15%, ui aeoiaeeoue ca iaae? iioeaee
aei??thaaiue. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oea aeeeeeaii niioai?aiiyie oaeeueiaiai
o?iioo eaca?iiai io/ea aiane?aeie NO, aieeaath/eie, ianaiia?aae, ia
/anoioi? oa?aeoa?enoeee, ? ci?iaie iieacieea caeiieaiiy a iaeano?
neeueiiai caoaeaeoth/iai iiey, ye? ?noioii iicia/athoueny ia eooia?e
no?oeoo?? aei?ii?ithaaiiy. ?ic?aooiee cnoa?a (( aeey 2as-eiiiiiaio c
o?aooaaiiyi aoaeoeaieo oaeeueiaeo aaeoi??a caoaeaeoth/iai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ciaeaeaieo ca aenia?eiaioaeueieie cia/aiiyie (( aeey
1as-eiiiiiaio, aeaee ?acoeueoao, ui ca?aa?oueny c ?aaeueieie cia/aiiyie
c oi/i?noth 0,7% aeey oieoieo ? 2,6% aeey i?oi-eneeieo.

O oinoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny o?ce/i? ia?aaeoiiae ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue eiieo?aioe?? eiia?iaoe?eieo ? ia?aiao?e/ieo AE?-i?ioean?a
a oiiaao NO oa ?o i?iya?a o /anoioii-eooiaeo niaeo?ao.

Iieacaii, ui o oieaeuei?e iaeano? NO, aea eiia?iaoe?ei? ? ia?aiao?e/i?
i?ioeane ?aeooue o i?enooiino? eaca?ii? oaee?, ia?aaaaeio ?ieue a
aaia?aoe?? aeueo aioenoieniaeo eiiiiiaio a?ae?a?athoue ia?aiao?e/i?
i?ioeane. I?ioa aeenia?n?y iieacieea caeiieaiiy aaaea aei oiai, ui
oaee?, ye? ii?iaeaeothoueny oeeie ia?aiao?e/ieie i?ioeanaie,
?iciianthaeaeothoueny i?ae eooii (e?eueea a?aaeon?a) aei iai?yio
caoaeaeoth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ? oaeaeei iieeaeathoue aocueeo i?einueiao
iaeanoue ?ioaineaiiai caoaeaeoth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Aeeoiaoe c
oieaeueii? iaeano?, oaee?, yeui aiie iioe?ththoueny a iaeiiio iai?yi?,
i?iaeiaaeothoue aca?iiae?yoe, aeiee ia iieeiooue eiia?iaoe?eii-aeoeaia
na?aaeiaeua. Ia oeueiio aoai? ?ieue ia?aiao?e/ieo i?ioean?a
cieaeo?oueny, ? ?o aianeii iiaeia ciaoooaaoe. O oie aea /an,
eiia?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane noathoue aeii?ioth/eie, ui aeey iia?aeieo
oaeeue noi?aeieo eiiiiiaio ( iai?eeeaae, aeey oaeeue 1as- oa
2as-eiiiiiaioe ) aaaea aei ia?a?iciiae?eo ?ioaineaiinoae. Oaeei /eiii
noai?ththoueny oiiae aeey niinoa?aaeaiiy naeaeoeaiiai ca eooaie IE?.

I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee aoaeoeaiino? ia?a?iciiae?eo aia?a?? ii eaiaeo
eiia?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a iica oieaeueiith iaeanoth. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ca
oeiiaeo oiia aeey ineaaeaiiy oaee?, iai?eeeaae, 2as-eiiiiiaioe ia 5%
( oaea ineaaeaiiy ianeeaaeii ca?a?no?oaaoe ) eiao?oe??io ia?aoai?aiiy
caoaeaeoth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o 1as-eiiiiiaioo iiaeiai aeinyaaoe o
oieaeuei?e iaeano? aaee/eie eeoa 2,5(10-3. C?iaeaiee aeniiaie i?i
iiaeeea?noue niinoa?aaeaiiy eiieo?aioe?? ia?aiao?e/ieo ? eiia?iaoe?eieo
i?ioean?a ca aaia?aoe?? aeueo aioenoieniaeo eiiiiiaio i?aeoaa?aeaeaiee
aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie o oieoie?

AENIIAEE

?acoeueoaoii aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ae??oaiiy oaeeo iaeaaaeeea?oeo
iaoeiaeo caaea/.

 Nenoaiaoeciaai? ?nioth/? ia iiiaio aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe oyaeaiiy i?i
o?ce/i? iaoai?cie oi?ioaaiiy /anoioii-eooiai? no?oeoo?e
AE?-aei?ii?ithaaiiy o naiioieonoth/eo na?aaeiaeuao.

Ia iniia? ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co ?ia?o, aeeiiaieo aaaaoueia aaoi?aie,
iieacaia noia?a/eea?noue ? iaaeinoaoi?noue oeeo oyaeaiue, cie?aia uiaei
ia?aaaaeii? ?ie? NO iniiaii? /e noieniai? eiiiiiaioe.

 Noai?aia aenia?eiaioaeueia onoaiiaea aeey eiiieaenieo aeine?aeaeaiue
AE? c i?ea?iaeueieie aeaiaioaie onoaoeoaaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaai? oa
?aae?ciaai? iia? aenia?eiaioaeuei? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue.

Cie?aia, ?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae i?inoi?iai? o?eueo?aoe?? eooiaeo niaeo??a
AE?-aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa iioe/ia noaia aeey eiai ?aae?caoe?? ia iniia?
oaeaneii?/iiai i?inoi?iaiai o?eueo?a, yeee o eiaei?e aceiooaeuei?e
ieiuei?, ui i?noeoue oa??i? eooa ?icn?yiiy, i?iionea? aei?ii?ithaaiiy
eeoa c iaaiei iai?yieii oaeeueiaiai aaeoi?a. Caaaeyee i?inoi?ia?e oa
/ania?e ?icae?euei?e caeaoiino? iaoiaeo ae??oai? i?iaeaie: a) i?yieo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue eieae?caoe?? oeaio??a ?icn?yiiy
ocaeiaae in? naiioieonoth/iai iae?i?eii-iioe/iiai na?aaeiaeua o aeiaaeeo
caoaeaeaiiy AE? eaca?iei io/eii c ?ica?aei?noth aeecueeith aei
aeeo?aeoe?eii?; a) aecia/aiiy eieaeueieo ia?aiao??a /anoioii-eooiai?
no?oeoo?e ?icn?yiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aiane?a ??cieo
o?ce/ieo iaoai?ci?a o ?? oi?ioaaiiy; a) aecia/aiiy ii/aoeiaiai ?aae?ona
oa iiooaeiino? naiioieoniaaii? /anoeie aei?ii?ithaaiiy, iaiao?aeieo aeey
ii??aiyeueiiai oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co.

 Aenia?eiaioaeueii c’yniaaiee aieea NO ia i?inoi?iao eieae?caoe?th AE?
oa i?inoi?iai-eooia? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?icn?yiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui o oeiiaeo naiioieonoth/eo na?aaeiaeuao AE? eieae?ciaaia a
oieaeueieo iaeanoyo eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Aeyaeaii, ui
?ioaineai?noue ?icn?yiiai na?oea ia?inoa? o i??o i?inoaaiiy oieon?a
aaeea na?aaeiaeua oa aeinyaa? naiai iaeneioio o oi/eao noiyiiy
oieaeueieo iaeanoae, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue aa?oei? eaca?iiai ?iioeueno ?
aeeae/a a?ae yeeo aei ao?aeii? iaae? na?aaeiaeua ?icn?yiiy a?aenooi?.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia a?eueo?e /anoei? o?ane ?ooo oieon?a, i?eeaaei? aei
aeo?aeii? iaae? na?aaeiaeua, cia/aiiy eoo?a ia?aaaaeiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy
ia?aiao?e/ieo AE?-eiiiiiaio caeeoathoueny iaeaea iaci?iieie, aea ?nio?
oaiaeaioe?y aei ?o ciaioaiiy c iaaeeaeaiiyi aei oi/ee noiyiiy oieaeueieo
iaeanoae, a ieie? ae oe??? oi/ee ?icn?yiiy ?, cacae/ae, aeeoociei.
Anoaiiaeaia i?eioeeiiaa iiaeeea?noue aeaie?aoiiai ia?aaeuaiiy e?eoe/ii?
iiooaeiino? NO o oieaeueieo iaeanoyo.

 Ia iniia? oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co oa aeaoaeueiiai c?noaaeaiiy io?eiaieo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? ?ic?aooieiaeo aeaieo iiyniaii ?ieue NO o oi?ioaaii?
?iaeeeao?ene ia?aiao?e/ieo eiiiiiaio AE?-aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy uiaei oi?ioaaiiy ?iaeeeao?ene
ia?aiao?e/ieo eiiiiiaio a oiiaao NO ia? ianaiia?aae aeniea aoaeoeai?noue
ia?aoai?aiiy eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o 1s-eiiiiiaioo a oieaeueieo
iaeanoyo. Aeniaaeaiiy caoaeaeoth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ca?aeithth/e
aia?aaoe/ii non?aei? ae?eyiee oeeo iaeanoae, iaiaaeo? iiaeiaaei?e ?ici??
iaeano? ?nioaaiiy iaaaaeaii? iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe??, a oiio nooo?ai
aieeaa? ia cia/aiiy eoo?a ia?aaaaeiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa oe?eio
ae?aa?aie iai?yieaiino?. Ia i?eeeaae? 1as-eiiiiiaioe o oieoie? iieacaii,
ui aeiaaeeia iaeano? ?nioaaiiy iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe?? ia aioenoienia?e
/anoio? ? cia/ii iaioith a?ae aeiaaeeie oieaeueii? iaeano? ?
ci?ith?oueny iaa?iaii i?iii?oe?iiaeueii aei ieoo?ai? iiooaeiino?
caoaeaeoth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Oea aaaea aei oiai, ui o oi/eao noiyiiy
oieon?a, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue iaeneiaeuei?e ieoo?a?e iiooaeiino?,
aeiaaeeia iaeano? ?nioaaiiy iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe?? noa? noi??iith ?
iaa?oue iaioith a?ae aeiaaeeie eiaa?aioii? aca?iiae?? oaeeue. Oiio o
aeiaaeeo cia/iiai ia?aaeuaiiy e?eoe/ii? iiooaeiino? oe? oi/ee ?
oeaio?aie aeeoociiai ?icn?yiiy.

 Aeyaeaiee oa iiyniaiee aieea eiieo?aioe?? eiia?iaoe?eieo ?
ia?aiao?e/ieo AE?-i?ioean?a ia oi?ioaaiiy /anoioii-eooiai? no?oeoo?e
aeueo aioenoieniaeo eiiiiiaio o naiioieonoth/eo na?aaeiaeuao.

O?ce/iee iaoai?ci oeueiai aieeao iieyaa? o naeaeoeaiiio ca eooaie IE?,
coiiaeaiiio i?inoi?iaei ?iciaaeoaaiiyi ae?? eiia?iaoe?eieo ?
ia?aiao?e/ieo i?ioean?a a oiiaao NO eaca?iiai io/ea. Oae, o oieaeuei?e
iaeano? eiia?iaoe?ei? ? ia?aiao?e/i? i?ioeane a?aeaoaathoueny o
i?enooiino? caoaeaeoth/i? eaca?ii? oaee?, ui caaacia/o? ia?aaaaeiee
aianie ia?aiao?e/ieo i?ioean?a o aaia?aoe?th aeueo aioenoieniaeo
eiiiiiaio, aea ca iaaeaie oieaeueii? iaeano?, aea iia?aei? oaee?
i?iaeiaaeothoue aca?iiae?yoe, aeii?iothoue eiia?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane oa
aaaeooue aei ia?a?iciiae?eo ?ioaineaiinoae iia?aeieo oaeeue noi?aeieo
eiiiiiaio.

 ?icaeioo? oyaeaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue /anoioieo ?icoe?aiue e?i?e AE? c
oi/ee ci?o ?nioaaiiy aaia?aoe?? oe?ieinioaiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy
/a?aieianueeiai oeio o naiioieono-th/eo na?aaeiaeuao a?ae oaeeue
iae?i?eii? iiey?ecaoe??, ui iathoue iaaena?oeiao oaeaee?noue oa caaaeyee
NO caoaeaeoth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ?iciianthaeaeothoueny o aocuee?e
i?einueia?e iaeano?.

Oyaeaiiy ?icoe?ai? ia iae?i?eio iiey?ecaoe?th c /anoioith aeueo
aioenoieniaeo eiiiiiaio. Aeyaeai? ?ica?aeiino? i?ae ?aaeueiith ?
caaaa/oaaiith /anoioii-eooiaith no?oeoo?ith aei?ii?ithaaiiy
/a?aieianueeiai oeio oa anoaiiaeaii, ui aiie ? iane?aeeii iae?i?eiino?
iieacieea caeiieaiiy a iaeano? neeueiiai iiey oa iaaaaeaieo o
?acoeueoao? NO niioai?aiue oaeeueiaiai o?iioo eaca?iiai io/ea. Aeey
/anoioieo cnoa?a inueiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy /a?aieianueeiai oeio
a?aeiinii eiia?iaoe?eieo /anoio c a?aooaaiiyi cacia/aieo /eiiee?a
aeinyaiooa ocaiaeaeai?noue o iaaeao e?eueeio a?aenioe?a, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? /a?aieianueeee iaoai?ci ooai?aiiy aiiiae?e o
/anoioii-eooiaeo niaeo?ao AE?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Eaaienee A. E., Iaeue A. E., Iiiaaea A. A. I?ino?ainoaaiii-oaeiaay
no?oeoo?a aioenoieniaiai eceo/aiey i?e auioaeaeaiiii eiiaeiaoeeiiiii
?annayiee naaoa a ea??ianeie aeeaeeinoe // Iioeea e niaeo?ineiiey. —
1996. — O. 80, ?2. — N. 212 — 217.

Eaaienee A. E., Iaeue A. E., Iiiaaea A. A. Eceo/aiea /a?aieianeiai oeia
i?e auioaeaeaiiii eiiaeiaoeeiiiii ?annayiee naaoa a naiioieone?othueo
aeeaeeinoyo // Iioeea e niaeo?ineiiey. — 1997. — O. 82, ?3. — N. 447 —
453.

Eaaienee A. E., Iaeue A. E., Iiiaaea A. A. I aeeyiee naiioieone?iaee ia
oaeiaua niaeo?u auioaeaeaiiiai eiiaeiaoeeiiiiai ?annayiey // Iioeea e
niaeo?ineiiey. — 1998. — O. 85, ?1. — N. 88 — 94.

Eaaienee A. E., Iaeue A. E., Iiiaaea A. A. Niaeo?aeueii-oaeiaua
i?iyaeaiey eiieo?aioeee eiiaeiaoeeiiiuo e ia?aiao?e/aneeo i?ioeannia i?e
auioaeaeaiiii eiiaeiaoeeiiiii ?annayiee a naiioieone?othueo n?aaeao //
Iioeea e niaeo?ineiiey. — 1998. — O. 85, ?3. — N.512 — 516.

Eaaienee A. E., Iaeue A. E. Oi?aaeyaiue eiiiaeoiue enoi/iee ieoaiey
eiioeueniiai oaa?aeioaeueiiai eaca?a // I?eai?u e oaoieea yenia?eiaioa.
— 1991. — ?3. — N. 212 — 214.

Eaaienee A. E., Iaeue A. E. Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiue niaeo?iiao? ia aaca
oioii?eaiiiai ono?ienoaa EO1024-25/2 e iee?i-y.a.i. (Yeaeo?iieea Ae3-28(
// I?eai?u e oaoieea yenia?eiaioa. — 1989. — ?3. — N. 163 — 167.

?aai?n?e A. ?., Iaeee A. ?. ?ioaa?aeueiee eiao?oe??io eiia?iaoe?eiiai
i?aeneeaiiy a naiioieonoth/eo na?aaeiaeuao // A?niee Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Na?.: o?c.-iao. iaoee. — 1997. — A.1. — N. 366 — 371.

?aai?n?e A. ?., Iaeee A. ?., Iiiaaea A. A. Aeaye? aniaeoe /a?aieianueei?
niaeo?ineii?? // A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na?.: o?c.-iao. iaoee.
— 1997. — A.3. — N. 281 — 288.

?aai?n?e A. ?., Iaeee A. ?., Iiiaaea A. A. Aeiooaia eiia?iaoe?eia
?icn?yiiy o naiioieonoth/eo na?aaeiaeuao: iia? iaoiaee
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue // A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo.
Na?: o?c.-iao. iaoee. — 1997. — A.4. — N. 239 — 248.

A. n. 1347667 NNN?, IEE4 G 01 J 3/40. Niinia ecia?aiey niaeo?aeueiie
oe?eiu eeiee iioe/aneiai eceo/aiey e ono?ienoai aeey aai inouanoaeaiey /
A. E. Eaaienee, A. E. Iaeue, A. A. Iiiaaea, A. A. Oioooaa, E. A.
Aeoaeie/aiei ( NNN? ). — ? 4048837/31-25; Cayaeaii 10. 01. 86. — 4 n.

Ecia?aiey iieacaoaey i?aeiieaiey i?aaie/aneeo aeeaeeinoae a aeaeeiie
iaeanoe niaeo?a / A. E. Eaaienee, A. E. Iaeue, A. A. Iiiaaea; Eeaa. oi-o
ei. O. A. Oaa/aiei. — Eeaa, 1985. — 7 n. — ?on. — Aeai. a Oe?IEEIOE 26.
03. 85, ?618-Oe85.

?aai?n?e A. ?., Iaeee A. ?. ?iaeeeao?ena aioenoieniaiai
AE?-aei?ii?ithaaiiy i?e naiioieonoaaii? // Oace aeii. XIII
Iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee-nai?ia?o c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoueth (Niaeo?ineii?y
iieaeoe oa e?enoae?a(. — Noie: Noinueeee Aea?ae. oi-o. — 1997.- N. 195.

Eaaienee A. E., Iaeue A. E. ?aaeno?aoeey e ia?aaioea niaeo?ineiie-/aneie
eioi?iaoeee ia eioaa?aeueiuo iiiaiyeaiaioiuo oioiaeeiaeiuo
i?aia?aciaaoaeyo nii?yaeaiiuo n YAI // Oacenu aeiee. OO Ananithc.
nuacaea ii niaeo?ineiiee. — *. 2. -E.: Iaoe. aeoiea. — 1988. — N. 461.

Aiioaoe?y

?aai?n?e A. ?. Aeiooaia eiia?iaoe?eia ?icn?yiiy a oiiaao naiioieonoaaiiy
caoaeaeoth/i? aeaeo?iiaai?oii? oaee?. -?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiae. o?c.-iao. iaoe ca
niaoe. 01.04.05.- iioeea, eaca?ia o?ceea. — Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1998.

A iniiao aeena?oaoe?? iieeaaeai? iaoa??aee aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue /anoioieo oa eooiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeiooaiiai
eiia?iaoe?eiiai ?icn?yiiy (AE?) o naiioieonoth/eo ??aeeiao. Iiaecia
iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? o aecia/aii? eieaeueieo
ia?aiao??a ?icn?yiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ocaeiaae o?ane ?ooo oieaeueieo
iaeanoae. C’yniaaii, ui o naiioieonoth/eo na?aaeiaeuao: 1) AE?
eieae?co?oueny o iaaeao oieaeueieo iaeanoae eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy;
2) ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy aeey oi?ioaaiiy ?iaeeeao?ene ia?aiao?e/ieo
eiiiiiaio ia? aeniea aoaeoeai?noue ia?aoai?aiiy eaca?iiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy o noieniao eiiiiiaioo; 3) ia niaeo?aeueii-eooiao
no?oeoo?o aeueo aioenoieniaeo eiiiiiaio aieeaa? eiieo?aioe?y
eiia?iaoe?eieo ? ia?aiao?e/ieo i?ioean?a; 4) ?niothoue /anoioi?
?icoe-?aiiy e?i?e AE?, ui iia’ycai? c aaia?aoe??th aei?ii?ithaaiiy
/a?aieianueeiai oeio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeiooaia eiia?iaoe?eia ?icn?yiiy, naiioieonoaaiiy,
/a?aieianueea aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

Eaaienee A. E. Auioaeaeaiiia eiiaeiaoeeiiiia ?annayiea a oneiaeyo
naiioieone?iaee aicaoaeaeathuae yeaeo?iiaaieoiie aieiu. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiae. oec.-iao. iaoe ii
niaoe. 01.04.05.- iioeea, eaca?iay oeceea.- Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie
Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1998.

A iniiao aeenna?oaoeee iieiaeaiu iaoa?eaeu yenia?eiaioaeueiuo
enneaaeiaaiee /anoioiuo e oaeiauo oa?aeoa?enoee auioaeaeaiiiai
eiiaeiaoeeiiiiai ?annayiey (AE?) a naiioieone?othueo aeeaeeinoyo.
Iiaecia iniiaiuo ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiee ninoieo a ii?aaeaeaiee
eieaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia ?annayiiiai eceo/aiey aaeieue o?annu aeaeaeaiey
oieaeueiuo iaeanoae. Auyniaii, /oi a naiioieone?othueo n?aaeao: 1) AE?
eieaeecoaony a i?aaeaeao oieaeueiuo iaeanoae eaca?iiai eceo/aiey; 2)
?aoathuaa cia/aiea aeey oi?ie?iaaiey eiaeeeao?enu ia?aiao?e/aneeo
eiiiiiaio eiaao aunieay yooaeoeaiinoue i?aia?aciaaiey eaca?iiai
eceo/aiey a noieniao eiiiiiaioo; 3) ia niaeo?aeueii-oaeiaoth no?oeoo?o
aunoeo aioenoieniauo eiiiiiaio aeeyao eiieo?aioeey eiiaeiaoeeiiiuo e
ia?aiao?e/aneeo i?ioeannia; 4) nouanoaotho /anoioiua ooe?aiey eeiee AE?,
naycaiiua n aaia?aoeeae eceo/aiey /a?aieianeiai oeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: auioaeaeaiiia eiiaeiaoeeiiiia ?annayiea,
naiioieone?iaea, /a?aieianeia eceo/aiea.

Ivanisik A. I. Stimulated Raman scattering under conditions of
self-focusing of the excitant electromagnetic wave. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 01.04.05 — optics, laser
physics. — Taras Shevchenko Kyiv University, Kyiv, 1998.

The dissertation is based on the materials of experimental investigation
of frequency and angle characteristics of stimulated Raman
scattering (SRS) in self-focusing liquids. A novelty of maine results of
the investigation is in determination of the local parameters of
scattering radiation along motion traces of focal regions. It has been
cleared up, that in self-focusing substances: 1) SRS localizes within
the bounds of focal regions of laser radiation; 2) the decisive role to
form the indicatrixs of parametric components has high effectiveness of
transformation of laser radiation into the Stokes component; 3) the
spectral-angle structure of the higher anti-Stokes components is
influenced by competition of combinational and parametric processes; 4)
some SRS line frequency broadenings are caused by generation of
Cherencov-type radiation.

Key words: stimulated Raman scattering, self-focusing, Cherencov
radiation.

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