17

?INOEOOO AA?A?II? AEIIII?EE

OE?A?INUeEI? AEAAeAI?? AA?A?IEO IAOE

IAONIA Ia??y Ai?en?aia

OAeE 631.158 : 333.522.4 : 636

AEEI?ENOAIIss O?OAeIAEO ?ANO?N?A O OAA?EIIEOeOA?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.09.01 — aeaiia?ao?y, aeiiii?ea i?aoe?, nioe?aeueia
aeiiii?ea ? iie?oeea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

EE?A-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai??
aa?a?ieo iaoe

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee -aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee EEOEEAIEI Aaneeue ?aaiiae/,

?inoeooo i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a noaoenoeee oa ?eieo Aea?aeeiinoaoo
Oe?a?ie,

i?ioani? eaoaae?eIo?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie

AOAOOeUeEEE Ieaen?e Aiae??eiae/,

?inoeooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

E?ANIIA TH??e Ieeieaeiae/,

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo

I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie,

canooiiee caa?aeoaa/a a?aeae?eo,

caa?aeoaa/ naeoi?a i?iaeai caeiyoino? ? ?eieo i?aoe?I?ia?aeia
onoaiiaa:?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAIO (a?aeae?e
?aa?iiaeueieo i?iaeai caeiyoino? oa ?eieo i?aoe?.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 24 ” ethoiai 1999 ?. i 13-00 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.26.350.02 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
a ?inoeooo? aaa?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI ca aae?anith: 252127, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 10.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii?
aeiiii?ee OAAI, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 10, 2-e iiaa?o.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 20 ” n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
A.A. Ioe?i

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aenieee ??aaiue eiioeaio?aoe??
ianaeaiiy a Aeiiaoeuee?e iaeano?, aea cina?aaeaeaia aeanyoa /anoeia
anueiai ianaeaiiy e?a?ie (5125 oen. /ie), aenoaa? i?iaeaio caaacia/aiiy
?aa?iio i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy ? iniaeeai i?iaeoeoaie oaa?eiiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy, uiaeaiia niiaeeaaiiy yeeo aeeoo?ai aaaeeeaa aeey ethaeeie.
I?iaeaia caaino?th?oueny /a?ac noeoii?noue iaaaoeaieo i?ioean?a, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. Na?aae ieo — a?aeieea
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a ?c naea, caiaiaae aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa. Iaaaoeai?
e?ecia? yaeua a?ae/ooii a?aceee ianaeaiiy iaeano? ? i?iyaeeeny o eiai
coaiae?ii?, cieaeaii? ??aiy aeeooy, a ioaea, ? iia??oaii? oa?/oaaiiy.
??aaiue niiaeeaaiiy iniiaieo i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy a iaeano?
ciaoiaeeoueny nueiaiaei? aaea ia iai?eionoeii iecuee?e iaae?, ui ia?
aace?/ iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a, ? iaeaeeae/ei /anii, yeui neooaoe?y ia
ci?ieoueny ia e?aua, iiaea i?eaanoe aei i?aeaeuaiiy nioe?aeueii? iai?oae
a ?aa?ii?. Oiio aaea nueiaiaei? ne?ae iiaeaaoe i?i iie?ioaiiy
caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy, a ia?a?iaii? oa oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino? — ne?iaeiith. Oea caaaeaiiy iieeaaeaii ia aa?a?i?
i?aei?e?inoaa iaeano?, ? eiai ae??oaiiy aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue a?ae
caaacia/aiiy i?aei?e?inoa ?ano?naie aeeai? i?aoe?, ?o e?eueeino?,
yeino?, oa aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy.

A no/anieo e?eciaeo oiiaao ?icaeoeo aa?a?iiai naeoi?a aea/aiiy oeeo
ieoaiue noiniaii oaa?eiieoeoaa iaaoaa? iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy, ine?eueee
aea? iiaeeea?noue ia iniia? aeeaieiai aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co aecia/eoe
iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, iai?oeoe oeyoe
noaa?e?caoe?? o?oaeicaaacia/aiiy aaeoc?, ?ic?iaeoe ieceo caoiae?a uiaei
iiaeieaiiy caiaiaaeo oaa?eiieoeoaa ?, a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo, i?aeiyoe
aeia?iaoo ianaeaiiy, ui e coiiaeei aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiino? i?iaeaie. A ?ic?iaeo oai?aoeei- iaoiaee/ieo,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ? i?eeeaaeieo i?iaeai o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa uiaei ?o ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy a
aa?a?i?e noa?? aeiiii?ee cia/iee aianie c?iaeee oe?a?inuee? a/ai? N.?.
Aaiaeo?, Ae.I. Aiaeiy, ?.E. Aiiaea?, I.A. Aoaooeueeee, I.?. Aeieeoi?e,
I.?. Caei?iaoeia, TH.I. E?aniia, A.?. Eoiaeiaa, A.?. Eeoeeaiei, A.A.
Ii?e??iei, ?.N. Ianoaaa?, N.?. I??iaeeia, ?.A. I?ieiia, E.I. Oaiioueei,
A.A. Oaaoeue, ?.?. Oiaeae?anueeee, A.A. TH?/eoei, E.?. sseoaa, a/ai?
e?a?i aeecueeiai ca?oa?aeaey A.A. Einoaeia, A.O. Iaoaieia, A.I.
Iicaeiyeia, ?.N. ?onaiia, A.N. No?oi?e?i, A.A. Nine??a, I.?.
Naiiaeo?iaa, I.?. Neaei?iaa, ss.?. *a?eanueeee, A.ss. *o?aeia, A.?.
Oiaeueia, A.I. sse?iia oa ?io? aeine?aeieee. Ii?yae c oeei caeeoa?oueny
ua iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aieie ieoaiiy aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o
oaa?eiieoeoa? a e?eciaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy. ?icaeyae i?iaeaie
?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a noiniaii oaa?eiieoeoaa
noni?eueiiai naeoi?a a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? e?ece iaaoaa? iniaeeai?
aeooaeueiino? o ca`yceo c eaoano?io?/ii oaeaeeeie oaiiaie niaaeo
ae?iaieoeoaa ? aea?eueiaiiy ?iai/i? neee c aaeoc?.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c i?ia?aiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
?inoeoooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI c iaoeiaiai iai?yio ?icae?e?a
2.3.4.“A?aeoai?aiiy oa aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa” oaie: “Iie?oeea nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo naea
oa oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy iioeaaoe?? i?aoe? ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo ?iai/i?
neee ia 1996-1998 ??.” a?aeae?eo nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee oa i?aoe?.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea ?
iaa?oiooaaiiy caoiae?a uiaei noaa?e?caoe?? o?oaeicaaacia/aiiy aaeoc?
oaa?eiieoeoaa oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iayaieo o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a a no/anieo oiiaao ?aoi?ioaaiiy aa?a?ii? noa?e.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe a aeena?oaoe?? iinoaaeai? ? ae??oothoueny oae?
caaaeaiiy:

— aeine?aeeoe nooi?noue o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa ye
aeiiii?/ii? eaoaai???, ooi/ieoe iaoiaeeeo aiae?co ?o aeei?enoaiiy;

— aeaoe ioe?ieo ye?niiai neeaaeo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, ?o ?iciiae?eo ca
noa?aie caeiyoino? o oaa?eiieoeoa? a no/anieo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe ??aaiue aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a aaeoc?
oaa?eiieoeoaa, aecia/eoe iioeae, ui coiiaeththoue caeiyo?noue o aaeoc?,
i?e/eie iaaei??iiai ?? ??aiy o noni?eueiiio ae?iaieoeoa?;

— aecia/eoe oaeoi?e aieeao ia oi?ioaaiiy iioeaaoe?? i?aoe? a aaeoc? a
iiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

— ?ic?iaeoe iniiai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee ? neeanoe na?aaeiueino?ieiaee
i?iaiic caaacia/aiiy aaeoc? ?ano?naie aeeai? i?aoe?;

— aecia/eoe oeyoe iioei?caoe?? caeiyoino? ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o oaa?eiieoeoa?.

I?aaeiao ? ia`?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?iaeaie
a?aeoai?aiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa,
iaoai?ci ?o ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy a ia??iae ia?aoiaeo aei
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa. Ia`?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy
aea?ai? o?oaeia? ?ano?ne aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa aa?a?ieo i?aei?e?inoa
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?. Aeyaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ? oaiaeaioe?e
oi?ioaaiiy ? aeei?enoaii? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, caeiyoeo o oaa?eiieoeoa?,
cae?enithaaeiny ia iaoa??aeao eieaeoeaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa oa ie?aieo oa?ia?nueeeo ? i?aeniaieo ainiiaea?noa ianaeaiiy
Aieiiaanueeiai, Oaeueiai?anueeiai oa ssneioaaonueeiai ?aeii?a
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?.

Iaoiaeieia?y oa iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith ?
iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiue aoee iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ii? oai???, Caeiie Oe?a?ie “I?i caeiyo?noue ianaeaiiy”, “I?i
oa?ia?nueea ainiiaea?noai”, “I?i i??i?eoaoi?noue nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo
naea ? aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno”, Eiaeaen caeii?a i?i i?aoeth. A
i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ?iaioe a/aieo aeiiii?no?a c
oeeo ieoaiue, caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe Oe?a?ie, ui ?aaeaiaioothoue o?oaeia?
a?aeiineie a aa?a?i?e noa??, iaoa??aee iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e ?
nai?ia??a.

Aeaea?aeaie ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee ??/i?
ca?oe, oi?ie noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino?, iaoa??aee ia?aeiiiai
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo aa?a?ieo i?aei?e?inoa, ?ic?iaee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo onoaiia, noaoenoe/i? ui??/ieee, nenoaia ii?i ?
ii?iaoea?a, iaoa??aee i?iaaaeaiiai nooe?eueiiai ianoaaeaiiy nieneiaiai
neeaaeo i?aoe?aiee?a aa?a?ieo i?aei?e?inoa, iaoa??aee aieaoiiai
iieooaaiiy oaa?eiiee?a, a oaeiae ?iaioe a aaeoc? n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa ? aeiiii?ee i?aoe?. A aeine?aeaeaiiyo canoiniaoaaeeny oae?
caaaeueiiiaoeia? iaoiaee, ye aiae?c ? neioac, c?noaaeaiiy ? ii??aiyiiy,
noaoenoe/ieo a?oioaaiue, ?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeaiee,
aano?aeoii-eia?/iee, aieaooaaiiy, iiiia?ao?/iee, a?ao?/iee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe, ui
aecia/athoue iaoeiao iiaecio iieyaathoue o ianooiiiio:

— ia iniia? e?eoe/iiai aiae?co iiaeyae?a iaoeiaoe?a aeaii oai?aoe/ia
ocaaaeueiaiiy i?iaeai aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a a aaeoc?
oaa?eiieoeoaa, a no/anieo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

— cae?eniaia eiiieaenia ioe?iea ye?niiai neeaaeo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a a
aaeoc? oa no/aniiai ??aiy ? aoaeoeaiino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy a ?aa?ii?;

— iaa?oioiaaii iniiai? /eiieee aieeao ia oi?ioaaiiy iioeaaoe?? i?aoe? o
oaa?eiieoeoa? noni?eueiiai naeoi?a;

— ia iniia? aa??aioieo ?ic?aooie?a cae?eniaii i?iaiicoaaiiy ianya?a
iio?aae, iayaiino? oa ??aiy caaacia/aiiy oaa?eiieoeoaa ?aa?iio
o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie;

— iaa?oioiaaii iniiai? iai?yie caaacia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a a eiioaeno? iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo oaa?eiieoeoaa ia
i?aei?e?inoaao on?o oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy, iineeaiiy iaoa??aeueiiai
noeioethaaiiy, ci?oeiaiiy nioe?aeueieo aa?aio?e a iieao? i?aoe?,
iie?ioaiiy oiia i?aoe? oa iiaooo ia ae?iaieoeoa?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ea??aieeaie iaeanieo, ?aeiiieo oi?aae?iue
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno, ea??aieeaie eieaeoeaieo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa oa niaoe?ae?noaie, ye?
ae??oothoue no/ani? i?iaeaie o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, ieoaiiy ?aoi?ioaaiiy
o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei, nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo naea, iioeaaoe?? oa oiia
i?aoe? ia ae?iaieoeoa?. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iathoue
oai?aoe/ia ? iaoiaee/ia cia/aiiy aeey aecia/aiiy iniiaieo iai?yi?a
iiaiiai caaacia/aiiy aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie oa ?o
iioeiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aia?oa a oiiaao Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?
i?iaaaeaia eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a o oaa?eiieoeoa?. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaia
ioe?iea e?euee?niiai oa ye?niiai neeaaeo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a aaeoc?,
noaio caaacia/aiiy aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa ?ano?naie aeeai? i?aoe?,
c?iaeaii i?iaiic ia?niaeoeaii? caaacia/aiino? oaa?eiieoeoaa o?oaeiaeie
?ano?naie, iaa?oioiaai? caoiaee uiaei oi?ioaaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
aaeoc? a no/anieo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a, caeiyoeo o oaa?eiieoeoa?, ?ic?iaeai?
i?iiiceoe?? i?i aea?eueiaiiy c noa?e ae?iaieoeoaa o oaa?eiieoeoa? ae?iie
? caeo/aiiy a oeth noa?o caeiyoino? /ieia?e?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? ? i?aeoe/i?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo a?aeae?eo
nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee oa i?aoe? ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI,
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? a i. Oa?iiiie?. Ca
iaoa??aeaie aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeaioiaeaia aeiiia?aeue-aiae?c “O?oaeia?
?ano?ne n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa oa ?o aeei?enoaiiy”, yea
iai?aaeaia o Aieiiaanueea ?aeiiia oi?aae?iiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
? i?iaeiaieuenoaa (na?iaiue 1996 ?.) ? ia ia? iaea?aeaii iiceoeaiee
a?aeaoe, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ?ic?iaee.

Ioae?eaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
iioae?eiaai? a 5 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,5 ae?oe. a?e.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 173
noi??ieao eiii`thoa?iiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 52 oaaeeoeyie, 8
?enoieaie, 2 aeiaeaoeaie. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae aeeth/a? 149
iaeiaioaaiue ia 7 noi??ieao.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe:

ANOOI. ?ICAe?E 1. OAI?AOE*II-IAOIAeE*I? INIIAE AECIA*AIIss O?OAeIAEO
?ANO?N?A OA AIAE?CO ?O AEEI?ENOAIIss. 1.1. O?oaeia? ?ano?ne ye
aeiiii?/ia eaoaai??y. 1.2. Iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aiae?co o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a oa i?iaiicoaaiiy iio?aae a ieo o oaa?eiieoeoa?.

?ICAe?E 2. AIAE?C O?OAeIAEO ?ANO?N?A, CAEIssOEO O OAA?EIIEOeOA?. 2.1.
?iciiae?e o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, caeiyoeo o oaa?eiieoeoa? ca noa?aie
i?eeeaaeaiiy i?aoe?. 2.2. sse?niee neeaae i?aoe?aiee?a caeiyoeo o
oaa?eiieoeoa?. 2.3. Caaacia/aiiy aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa o?oaeiaeie
?ano?naie. 2.4. Aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o oaa?eiieoeoa?.

?ICAe?E 3. INIIAI? IAI?ssIE CAAACIA*AIIss ?AOe?IIAEUeIIAI AEEI?ENOAIIss
O?OAeIAEO ?ANO?N?A O OAA?EIIEOeOA?. 3.1. I?iaiic caaacia/aiiy aaeoc?
o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie. 3.2. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oaeoi?e noaa?e?caoe??
o?oaeicaaacia/aiiy oaa?eiieoeoaa. 3.3. I?aai?caoe?ei? aniaeoe
aii?yaeeoaaiiy aeei?enoaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a, caeiyoeo o oaa?eiieoeoa?.

AENIIAEE. NIENIE AEEI?ENOAIEO AeAEA?AE.

AeIAeAOEE.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/ai? iaoa oa caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue, eiai i?aaeiao ? ia’?eoe, ?ice?eo? iaoiaeieia?y oa
iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaee/i? iniiae aecia/aiiy o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a oa aiae?co ?o aeei?enoaiiy” aecia/aia aeiiii?/ia nooi?noue
eaoaai??? o?oaeia? ?ano?ne, oa ?? i?noea o nenoai? eaoaai??e “?iai/a
neea” ? “o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae”, ?ice?eo? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei
aiae?co o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, noi?iiaaia nenoaia iieaciee?a iayaiino? oa
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o oaa?eiieoeoa?.

Aeyaeaii, ui iaea?eueo eiino?oeoeaiei o iaoeiaiio ieai? ? aecia/aiiy
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a ye noeoiiino? /eai?a noni?euenoaa, caeaoieo a?aoe
o/anoue o noni?eueiiio ae?iaieoeoa? i?e iayaiiio ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo
nee ? a ?aieao aeaieo ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei.

O?oaeia? ?ano?ne aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa iiaeia aecia/eoe ye neeaaeiao
/anoeio o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, i?aaenoaaeaio
i?aoe?aieeaie, caeiyoeie ae?iaieoeoaii i?iaeoeoe?? oaa?eiieoeoaa ia
i?aei?e?inoaao on?o oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy, a oaeiae oeie, ui i?ioiaeyoue
i?ioan?eio i?aeaioiaeo ca oaa?eiieoeueeeie niaoe?aeueiinoyie. Oea
iino?eii caeiyo? ia ae?iaieoeoa? iniae i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo, i?aoe?aieee
iain?eiiai a?eo oa i?aee?oee a?eii aei 16 ?ie?a, ui aa?ooue o/anoue o
ae?iaieoeoa?.

Nenoaia iieaciee?a aea/aiiy e?euee?niiai ? ye?niiai neeaaeo ?iai/i? neee
oa aoaeoeaiino? ?? aeei?enoaiiy aeeth/a?: iieacieee iayaiino? ?
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a. Ia?o? neeaaeathoueny c aeaio aeie?a,
ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue e?euee?niee oa ye?niee neeaae i?aoe?aiee?a. Inoaii?
oaeiae iiae?eythoueny ia aeaa aeiee: iieacieee ??aiy, /?eueia i?noea
na?aae yeeo iin?aeathoue iieacieee aeei?enoaiiy oiiaeo ?iai/iai /ano, oa
iieacieee, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a.

Uiaei i?iaiicoaaiiy, oi ooo ?nio? aeaa i?aeoiaee: ii?iaoeaii-oe?eueiaee
? ?ia?oe?eiee. ?aae?cothoueny oe? i?aeoiaee ca aeiiiiiaith iniiaieo
iaoiae?a i?iaiicoaaiiy, na?aae yeeo: iaoiae oe?oiiaieo
aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a, ii?iaoeaiee, ?aa?an?eiee, iaoiae
ae?iaie/i? ooieoe??, aa?anoe/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy, ?io?. A iniiao
i?iaiicieo ?ic?aooie?a noiniaii iaeaooiueiai caaacia/aiiy oaa?eiieoeoaa
o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie iaie iieeaaeaii ii?iaoeaiee iaoiae. A?i ia?aaeaa/a?
aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenieo ii?iaoea?a ia?niaeoeaieo cao?ao aeeai? i?aoe? a
ethaeeii-aiaeeiao ia aieiao ooaeiae oa ioeoe?, oeaioia? i?iaeoeoe??
oaa?eiieoeoaa, aeicaiey? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii aecia/eoe iio?aao a
o?oaeiaeo cao?aoao ia ae?iaieoeoai eiaeiiai aeaeo i?iaeoeoe??, aecia/eoe
??ai?, oaiie ?inoa i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ? caaaeueio /enaeuei?noue
i?aoe?aiee?a caeiyoeo a noni?eueiiio ae?iaieoeoa?, ia ia??iae ui
i?iaiico?oueny.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aiae?c o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a caeiyoeo o oaa?eiieoeoa?”
iieacaiee ?iciiae?e o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a oaa?eiieoeoaa ca noa?aie
caeiyoino?, aeaia ioe?iea noaoaaiai ? a?eiaiai neeaaeo i?aoe?aiee?a
aaeoc?, ?o ina?oi?e ? eaae?o?eaoe?eiee ??aaiue, aecia/aiee ??aaiue
caaacia/aiino? oaa?eiieoeoaa o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie, oa aoaeoeaiino? ?o
aeei?enoaiiy, iaaaaeaia no?oeoo?a ci?iiiai oiiaeo ?iai/iai /ano
i?aoe?aiee?a aaeoc?.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ca inoaii? n?i ?ie?a niinoa??aa?oueny eaoano?io?/iee
niaae ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa oaa?eiieoeueei? i?iaeoeoe??. Oae, a iaeano? a
1997 ?. ae?iaeaii i’yna eeoa o?aoth, iieiea — i’yoo /anoeio ??aiy 1990
?.

O?eaaea e?eca, ui noi?iaiaeaeo? ?aoi?ioaaiiy aa?a?iiai naeoi?a, coiiaeea
ia o?eueee cia/ia ciaioaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa, a e nooo?aa nei?i/aiiy
/enaeueiino? caeiyoeo a oe?e aaeoc?. Ca ia??iae c 1990 ?. /enaeuei?noue
i?aoe?aiee?a, caeiyoeo o oaa?eiieoeoa?, nei?ioeeany c 80,2 aei 43 oen.
in?a, oiaoi ia 46,4 %. Iaea?eueo oaeaeeeie oaiiaie aea?eueiyeeny /aaaie,
ioao?aieee, naeia??. Ia ii/aoie 1998 ?. ?o caeeoeeiny a?aeiia?aeii —
37,6, 39,8 ? 47,6 % ii??aiyii c 1990 ?ieii. Ia 53% ciaioeeany
/enaeuei?noue aeiy?ie oa neioa??a, iaeaea ia 50 % oaeyoieoeue.

Iniiaieie aaeocyie oaa?eiieoeoaa a iaeano? ? neioa?noai, naeia?noai,
a?a/a?noai oa ioao?aieoeoai. A no?oeoo?? caeiyoeo a oeeo aaeocyo ia
niaoe?ae?no?a i?eiaaea?- 9,5 % i?aoethth/eo. Na?aae ieo ciioaoi?e?a —
2,1 %, aaoe?ea??a — 2,5 %. Iaea?eueo aaaaoi/enaeueio a?oio neeaaeathoue
i?aoe?aieee iniiaieo oaa?eiieoeueeeo i?ioan?e, ui caeiyo?
aaciina?aaeiuei ianeoaiaoaaiiyi ooaeiae oa ae?iaieoeoaii i?iaeoeoe?? —
aeiy?ee, oaeyoieoe?, neioa??, /aaaie, naeia??, eiithoe oa ioao?aieee.
Aiie a no?oeoo?? caeiyoeo i?noyoue — 53,7 %. C ieo iaea?eueo ianiaeie ?
oaoe aeiy?ee oa neioa?y, aiie caeiathoue a?aeiia?aeii 23,6 % oa 13,7 % o
no?oeoo??. Aeiey i?aoe?aiee?a aeiiii?aeieo ? ianeoaiaoth/eo ae?iaieoeoa
— 30,1 % (?en. 1).

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yy????y?y?y??yy?yyy????4?????5????’yy??? ???????

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???u?????????»????-????ue??yyy??????-????
yyy???????????????????o????
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???????

????-????-??????????? yyy????uuy???????en.1. ?iciiae?e
i?aoe?aiee?a, caeiyoeo o oaa?eiieoeoa? ca noa?aie i?eeeaaeaiiy i?aoe?.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai ianoaaeaiiy ainiiaea?noa Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?
aeyaeaii, ui a?eiaa no?oeoo?a i?aoe?aiee?a, caeiyoeo o oaa?eiieoeoa?,
??cieoueny a?ae caaaeueii? ua a?eueo iani?eyoeeaei a?eiaei ?iciiae?eii
caeiyoeo. Na?aae oaa?eiiee?a 26 % i?aoe?aiee?a iathoue a?e 50 ?ie?a ?
noa?oa. Oae, na?aae aeiy?ie, neioa??a, oaeyoieoeue, naeia?ie
i?aoe?aiee?a iain?eiiai a?eo a?aeiia?aeii 20,6, 5,6, 14,6, 24,3 %
(oaae.1). Cia/ia /anoeia ?o ia?aaeiain?eiiai a?eo. ?acii c oei
iieiaeaeth oaa?eiieoeuee? eaae?e iiiiaiththoueny ia aeinoaoiuei.
Aeeeeea? caiaiiei?iiy, ui o a?oe? aei 20 ?ie?a i?e na?aaeiueiio
iieacieeo 2,1 %, a oaa?eiieoeoa? caeiyoi 1,7 %, a ae?iie — 1,2 %.

Oaaeeoey 1

Noaoaaia?eiaa no?oeoo?a i?aoe?aiee?a oaa?eiieoeoaa aa?a?ieo i?aei?e?inoa
ianoaaeaieo ?aeii?a Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? (noaiii ia 1.01. 96 ?.), %

A?eia?An?a oiio /ene?a?oieoaa?eiie-

eeaeiy?ee neioa??
oaeyoieoe?naeia??ioao?aie-ee16-201,71,03,41,11,02,820-245,04,15,93,73,01
,725-299,19,99,38,57,63,930-3412,112,911,014,011,910,035-3915,116,611,51
4,415,718,340-4416,518,913,514,921,317,245-4913,516,09,213,515,217,850-5
412,412,511,415,311,614,455-5912,58,019,214,412,411,1a?eueoa
602,10,15,60,20,32,8Anueiai100100100100100100

Na?aaei?e a?e i?aoe?aieea caeiyoiai o oaa?eiieoeoa? — 40,9 ?ie?a.
Iaea?eueo iioeeei a?eii a?ae??ciythoueny aeiy?ee oa ioao?aieoe?,
na?aaei?e a?e yeeo a?aeiia?aeii 46,7 oa 46 ?ie?a.

Uiaei ina?oiueiai ??aiy i?aoe?aiee?a caeiyoeo o aaeoc?, oi iniiaia
/anoeia ?o ia? na?aaeith ina?oo — 59,6 %, oi/a ua caeeoa?oueny aeineoue
aaeeeith /anoea i?aoe?aiee?a c ii/aoeiaith ina?oith — 26,8 %.
Oa?aeoa?ii, ui ina?oi?e ??aaiue aeuee o ae?iie. Na?aae i?aoe?aiee?a
oaa?eiieoeoaa ae?iie c na?aaeiueith ina?oith 66 %, /ieia?e?a — 51,7 %.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui na?aae caeiyoeo o aaeoc? “Iaeno??a oaa?eiieoeoaa” ? oa
?? eeano eeoa 13,7 %, c yeeo 10,5 % i?eiaaea? ia iia?aoi??a iaoeiiiai
aei?iiy.

I?ioyaii inoaii?o ?ie?a niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y a?aenoaaaiiy oaii?a
aea?eueiaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a c aaeoc? a?ae oaii?a nei?i/aiiy
iiaie?a’y ooaeiae oa ioeoe? a aa?a?ieo i?aei?e?inoaao a?iiaaenueeiai
naeoi?a. Aiane?aeie oeueiai a aaeoc? c’yaeany iaaeeeoie ?iai/i? neee a
iaaeao 5 %. ?acii c oei caaacia/aiiy oaa?eiieoeoaa i?aoe?aieeaie
i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao 77,6 — 92,1 %.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue, ui iaa?oue i?e iaaeeeoeo ?iai/i? neee ia?
i?noea ia?aoe?iiaeueia ?? caeiyo?noue. A?oioaaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a ca
e?euee?noth a?aei?aoeueiaaieo aei?a iieacaei, ui iiiaae ii?iaoeaiee /an
caeiyoi 66,9 % i?aoe?aiee?a aaeoc?, a oiio /ene? 70,5 % ae?iie oa 61,8 %
/ieia?e?a (oaae. 2). E??i oiai, eiaeiee o?ao?e /ieia?e ? iaeaea eiaeia
ae?oaa ae?iea caeiyo? o noni?eueiiio ae?iaieoeoa? ii 300 ? a?eueoa aei?a
ia ??e.

Oaaeeoey 2

??aaiue o?oaeiai? o/ano? i?aoe?aiee?a oaa?eiieoeoaa aa?a?ieo
i?aei?e?inoa ianoaaeaieo ?aeii?a Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? (noaiii ia 1.01.96
?.), %

A?aei?aoeueiAn?c ieo aaii aei?a ia ??eoaa?eiie-

eeaeiy?eeneioa??oaeyoieoe?naeia?? ioao?aie-eeaei
1003,54,12,82,54,82,9101-1502,82,62,91,62,35.9151-2004,14,45,03,21,82,92
01-25012,39,98,76,813,.911,8251-27010,413,89,911,512.82,9271-30029,535,4
29,325,725,417,6301-35033,228,235,539,734,329,4iiiaae
3504,21,65,99,04,726,6Anueiai100100100100100100

Iaea?eueo ia?aaaioaaeaieie aeyaeeeny neioa??, oaeyoieoe? oa ioao?aieee.
Iiiaae ii?iaoeaiee /an oe? eaoaai??? a?aei?aoeueiaothoue a?aeiia?aeii
70,7, 74,4 ? 73,6 %. I?e/iio iaeaea iieiaeia ?o caeiyo? 300 ? a?eueoa
aei?a i?ioyaii ?ieo. O oaeiio iai?oaeaiiio oaii? i?aoeth? eiaeia o?aoy
aeiy?ea, iaeaea eiaeiee ae?oaee neioa?, eiaeia ae?oaa oaeyoieoey ?
eiaeia o?aoy naeia?ea.

E??i a?iiaaenueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa iaeaea an? i?aoe?aieee, ui i?aoeththoue
o oaa?eiieoeoa?, caeiyo? a iniaenoiio i?aeniaiiio ainiiaea?noa?, ui
cia/ii ca?eueoo? noeoiio caeiyo?noue oaa?eiiee?a. Ca aeaieie
aeine?aeaeaiiy cao?aoe i?aoe? ia oo?eiaiiy iaei??? aieiae aaeeei?
?iaaoi? ooaeiae a iniaenoiio i?aeniaiiio ainiiaea?noa? iaeaea o i’youe
?ac?a ia?aaeuothoue a?aeiia?aeiee iieaciee o noni?eueiiio naeoi??. Oea
ciaoiaeeoue i?e?iaeia iiyniaiiy o a?aenooiino? a i?aeniaieo
ainiiaeanoaao aoaeue yeeo cania?a iaei? iaoai?caoe??.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui oaa?eiieoeoai iaeano? a no/anieo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaaei??iith caeiyo?noth ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino?
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a aaeoc?, i?aoey yeeo aeei?enoiao?oueny ia aeinoaoiuei
aoaeoeaii. Oae, ca 1990-1997 ??. i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? a oaa?eiieoeoa?
ciaioeeany aei 2,5 oen. a?i. ia iaeiiai i?aoe?aieea, oiaoi ia 73,4 %.
O?oaeii?noe?noue ae?iaieoeoaa iniiaieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? oaa?eiieoeoaa
c?inea o 2-6 ?ace.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Iniiai? iai?yie caaacia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a oaa?eiieoeoaa” ie?aneai? ia?niaeoeae
?icaeoeo oaa?eiieoeoaa, iiaeaii na?aaeiueino?ieiaee i?iaiic caaacia/aiiy
aaeoc? o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie, iaa?oioiaaii iniiai? iai?yie caaacia/aiiy
?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a aaeoc? a eiioaeno?
aaeineiiaeaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? ? oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy, iiaeaeueoiai
?icaeoeo oaa?eiieoeoaa ia i?aei?e?inoaao on?o oi?i aeaniino?, iineeaiiy
iaoa??aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy, ci?oeiaiiy nioe?aeueieo aa?aio?e a iieao?
i?aoe?, iie?ioaiiy oiia i?aoe? oa iiaooo ia ae?iaieoeoa?.

Aaoi?ii iaaaaeai? aa??aioi? i?iaiici? ?ic?aooiee ia?niaeoeae
caaacia/aiiy aaeoc? o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie. Ia?oee aa??aio a?oioo?oueny
ia no/aniiio ??ai? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?. A ae?oaiio aa??aio?
ia?aaeaa/aiee ??no i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ca ?aooiie ?ioaineo?eaoe??
aaeoc? (aaoi? aaaaea? eiai iniiaiei). Oeae aa??aio ia?aaeaa/a?
i?eieiaiiy nei?i/aiiy iiaie?a’y, a?aeiiaeaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeoe?? oaa?eiieoeoaa, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?ia?aneaieo
?ano?nicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa oa aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?? e iieaoe i?aoe?. A o?aoueiio aa??aio? e?i?ooth/ei oaeoi?ii
? oaeoe/ia ieaoini?iiiaei?noue ianaeaiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey iiaiiai caaacia/aiiy ?aa?iio i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy
oaa?eiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy, a ia?a?iaii? ? oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?
ne?iaeiith iaiao?aeii, uia o aaeoc? aoei caeiyoi 62,7 -30,7 oen. in?a a
caeaaeiino? a?ae oiai, yeei oeyoii ?icaeaaoeiaoueny oaa?eiieoeoai.

Aeyaeaii, ui ? a aeeae/?e ia?niaeoea? niinoa??aaoeiaoueny oaiaeaioe?y
nei?i/aiiy caeiyoeo a aaeoc?. sseui ia a?aeaoaeaoueny iiceoeaieo
c?ooaiue o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e iie?oeoe? ia nae?, oi i/?eo?oueny
nei?i/aiiy i?aoe?aiee?a oaa?eiieoeoaa aei 30,5 oen. in?a. Ioaea, aaeocue
ia a?ae/oaaoeia ianoa/? a i?aoe?aieeao eeoa ca oiiae iiaeaeueoiai ??
?icaeoeo ia i?eioeeiao ?ioaineo?eaoe??.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui noaa?e?caoe?? o?oaeicaaacia/aiiy oaa?eiieoeoaa iiaeiia
ni?eyoe aeaaaeaia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea ?icaeoeo naea, yea
ioiiethaaoeia oe?ieee niaeo? ieoaiue — a?ae oi?ioaaiiy no/aniiai, ui
a?aeiia?aea? ?eieiaei oiiaai, iioeaaoe?eiiai iaoai?cio aa?a?ii? i?aoe?
aei caaeiaieaiiy aeooiaieo oa eoeueoo?ieo iio?aa i?aoe?aiee?a naea.

A ?acoeueoao? aieaoiiai iieooaaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui iniiai? i?e/eie, ye?
niiioeathoue caeiyo?noue o aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa, — oea iiaeeea?noue
i?aeo?eioaaoe iniaenoa i?aeniaia ainiiaea?noai (oae aaaaea? 52,9 %
oaa?eiiee?a) oa a?aenooi?noue ?ioi? ?iaioe (47,9 %) iieoaieo.

Aeyaeaii, ui /a?ac i?ca?i?noue ? aaaaoii?ny/io iaaeieaoo ca?ia?oia
ieaoa aaea ia a?ae?a?a? ?ieue iaoa??aeueiiai noeioeo a noni?eueiiio
ae?iaieoeoa?. A no/anieo oiiaao ca?ia?oia ieaoa a?eueoino? oaa?eiiee?a
ia caaacia/o? aa?oino? aeeoo?aeo cania?a, iaiao?aeieo aeey i?aeo?eiee
i?aoeacaeaoiino? oa caaeiaieaiiy i?i?iaeueieo o?c?ieia?/ieo iio?aa
aeanieea ?iai/i? neee oa eiai n?i’?.

sse iieacaei nioe?aeueia ianoaaeaiiy, ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue oaa?eiiee?a
(75%) ioe?ith? oiiae i?aoe? ia oaa?eiieoeueeeo oa?iao ye aaaee?. Ia
aeoieo 67,6 % iieoaieo iaei??th c i?e/ei cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?aoe? oa iaaaaeaiiy i?aoethaaoe a aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa ? ca?eueoaiiy
o?oaeiaeo i?ioean?a, aeeiioaaieo a?o/io.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a?eueo?noue caeiyoeo o aaeoc? ia caaeiaieai? ??aiai
?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e naea. Eeoa eiaeiee o?ao?e
i?aoe?aiee oaa?eiieoeoaa ioe?ith? nai? aeeoeia? oiiae ye aeia??.
Oi?aiaaeueia ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia caaeiaieueiy? 16 % i?aoe?aiee?a oa 25 %
niaoe?ae?no?a. C iiaooiaei ianeoaiaoaaiiyi noai ni?aa ua a??oee. Na?aae
i?aoe?aiee?a caeiyoeo o oaa?eiieoeoa? 87,7 % iieoaieo ioe?iththoue eiai
ye iina?aaei? oa iacaaeia?eueia.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui aeaaaeaiiy aaeoc? c e?ece iiaeeeaa eeoa ca oiia ?icaeoeo
aaaaoioeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee oa ??cieo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Oiio
iaiao?aeii noai?thaaoe ??ai? oiiae aeey ?icaeoeo oaa?eiieoeoaa o
i?aei?e?inoaao on?o oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

?acii c oei oaiaeaioe?y nei?i/aiiy iiaie?a’y ooaeiae, ciaioaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? oaa?eiieoeoaa, oa?aeoa?ia a oe?eiio aeey
ainiiaea?noa iaeano?, caa??aa?oueny ? a ?ai?aai?ciaaieo ainiiaea?noaao,
iniaeeai a iaaaeeeeo. Aeyaeaii, ui oa?ia?e iiee ui ia ?aae?coaaee nai?o
iiaeeeainoae o ae?iaieoeoa? oaa?eiieoeueei? i?iaeoeoe??. Iiaie?a’y
oaa?ei, ui oo?eio?oueny iei? a oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noaao iaaeoi iaea
(ia 58,9 oen. aa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue, cae??ieaieo ca
oa?ia?aie, oo?eio?oueny eeoa 1,5 oen. aie?a aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae, 1,7
oen. aie?a naeiae). Oaea eiioeaio?aoe?y iiaie?a’y ia ni?ey? aoaeoeaiiio
aeei?enoaiith ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey aeiiii?? aeeai? i?aoe? ? iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a
ne?ae a?aeiiaeoenue a?ae iaaei??ii? ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?? oo?eiaiiy
ooaeiae. O?eueee ia a?aeiinii aaeeeeo oaa?eiieoeueeeo oa?iao iiaeia
aeinyaoe cia/ii? aeiiii?? aeeai? i?aoe? ca ?aooiie iiaeeaeaiiy
niaoe?ae?caoe?? ? eiioeaio?aoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa.

AENIIAEE

1. Ca 1990-1997 ??. iiaie?a`y ooaeiae a a?iiaaenueeiio naeoi??
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? nei?ioeeiny ia 65%, naeiae ia — 75%, iaaoeue ia —
78%, ioeoe? — ia 77%. Oea coiiaeei ciaioaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa i`yna ia
88,5%, iieiea — ia 87,6%, y?oeue — a o?e ?ace. ??cea nei?i/aiiy
iiaie?a`y oaa?ei oa ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa an?o aeae?a oaa?eiieoeueei?
i?iaeoeoe?? coiiaeei ciaioaiiy /enaeueiino? i?aoe?aiee?a o aaeoc?. ?acii
c oei /a?ac a?aenoaaaiiy oaii?a aea?eueiaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a ?c
oaa?eiieoeoaa a?ae oaii?a nei?i/aiiy iiaie?a`y a aaeoc? ooai?eany
iaaeeeoie ?iai/i? neee a iaaeao 5%. Aiaeii/an a no?oeoo?? caeiyoeo
o?aoeia i?aoe?aiee?a iain?eiiai a?eo, oiio aaeocue a?ae/oaa? ianoa/o a
i?aoe?aieeao i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo. A oeeo oiiaao ne?ae iniaeeao oaaao
i?eae?eyoe aaeineiiaeaiith ?iaioe ii aecia/aiith iio?aae i?aei?e?inoa a
?iai/?e nee?.

2. Oaa?eiieoeoai iaeano? i?aaenoaaeaia neioa?noaii, naeia?noaii,
a?a/a?noaii oa ioao?aieoeoaii. Iaea?eueoiai iioe?aiiy ooo iaaoei iiei/ia
neioa?noai, a yeiio i?aoeth? /aoaa?oa /anoeia i?aoe?aiee?a, caeiyoeo o
oaa?eiieoeoa?, eiaeia ae?oaa ae?iea caeiyoa o oaa?eiieoeoa? — aeiy?ea,
eiaeiee o?ao?e /ieia?e — neioa?. Uiaei noaoaaiai neeaaeo i?aoe?aiee?a
aaeoc?, oi ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue caeiyoeo ooo — ae?iee. Aaaaea?ii, ui
ne?ae ni?eyoe aea?eueiaiith c aaeoc? ae?iie oa caeo/aiith aei ?iaioe a
oaa?eiieoeoa? /ieia?e?a. Caeo/aiith inoaii?o ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiiy
??aiy iaoai?caoe?? oa aaoiiaoecaoe?? ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a.

3. A?eiaa no?oeoo?a i?aoe?aiee?a oaa?eiieoeoaa oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
iani?eyoeeaei a?eiaei ?iciiae?eii i?aoe?aiee?a, na?aae yeeo i?eaeecii
i`yoo /anoeio neeaaeathoue iain?iia?e oa 17,2 % in?a na?aae /ieia?e?a ?
13,8 % ae?iie o a?oe? ca 5 ?ie?a aei iain??. Oea ia oii? iaaeinoaoiueiai
iiiiaiaiiy oaa?eiieoeueeeo eaae??a iieiaeaeth, ia /anoeo yei? o a?oe?
aei 20 ?ie?a i?eiaaea? aeecueei 2%. Oaeei /eiii aaea nueiaiaei? ia
iain?th aeoiaeeoue o 10 ?ac?a a?eueoa i?aoe?aiee?a, i?ae i?eoiaeeoue ia
ae?iaieoeoai iieiae?. Oiio ne?ae anaa?/ii ni?eyoe caeo/aiith iieiae?
aeey ?iaioe o aaeoc? oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioi???ioaoe?eii? ?iaioe na?aae
aeioneiee?a, noai?aiiy iieiaeei oaa?eiieeai i?eueaiaeo oiia
iaoa??aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy, i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aiiy ?o oaa?eiieoeueeei
i?ioan?yi aaciina?aaeiuei ia ae?iaieoeoa? oa a i?ioan?eii-oaoi?/ieo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao, noai?aiiyi iaiao?aeieo oiia i?aoe? ia
ae?iaieoeoa?.

4. Iaaeinoaoi? ?icoi?iiy ea??aieeaie ?ie? iioeaaoe?eieo oaeoi??a o
i?aeaeuaii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? i?eaiaeyoue aei oiai, ui ieoaiiyi
aoanoaoe??? i?aoe?aiee?a aaeoc? a ainiiaea?noaao i?eae?ey?oueny iaaeoi
iaei oaaae. Aiane?aeie oeueiai ieoiia aaaa i?aoe?aiee?a, ui iathoue
eaae?o?eaoe?th ? oa ?? eeano iaaei?aaaeaii iaea — anueiai 17% ? a
iniiaiiio oea iia?aoi?e iaoeiiiai aei?iiy. I?aeaeuaiith eaae?o?eaoe??
?ioeo eaoaai??e i?aoe?aiee?a oaaaa iaeaea ia i?eae?ey?oueny. Oiio ne?ae
aeoea?coaaoe ?iaioo niaoe?ae?no?a ii aoanoaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a
oaa?eiieoeoaa.

5. I?e iaaeeeoeo ?iai/i? neee a aaeoc? ua ia? i?noea iaaei??iee ??aaiue
?? caeiyoino?. Oae, 65,7% i?aoe?aiee?a aaeoc? caeiyo? o a?iiaaenueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa? iiiaae ii?iaoeaiee /an, a a?eueoa o?aoeie (40,6%)
a?aei?aoeueiao? 300 ? a?eueoa aei?a ia ??e. Ioaea, iaiao?aeii
eiio?iethaaoe aeio?eiaiiy o?oaeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, caaacia/oaaoe
i?aoe?aieeai ii?iaeueiee ?aaeei i?aoe? oa a?aeii/eieo, ia aeiioneaoe
iiiaaeii?iaoeaii? caeiyoino? i?aoe?aiee?a. A?eueoa oaaae ne?ae
i?eae?eyoe aiae?co aeei?enoaiiy ??/iiai oa ci?iiiai oiiaeo ?iai/iai
/ano, aeyaeaiith iaaeie?e?a a i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?, ii?ooaiue o?oaeiai?
oa oaoiieia?/ii? aeenoeeie?ie, i?e/ei ia?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy
?iai/iai /ano aeayeeo eaoaai??e i?aoe?aiee?a, caeiyoeo o aaeoc?.

6.Ca?ia?oia ieaoa /a?ac ?? i?ca?i?noue ( a na?aaeiueiio 68,16 a?i. ia
i?nyoeue) oa aaaaoii?ny/io caai?aiaai?noue i?aei?e?inoa aaea ia
a?ae?a?a? ?ieue iaoa??aeueiiai noeioeo, ine?eueee ia caaacia/o? aa?oino?
aeeoo?aeo cania?a, iaiao?aeieo aeey i?aeo?eiee i?aoeacaeaoiino? oa
caaeiaieaiiy i?i?iaeueieo o?c?ieia?/ieo iio?aa aeanieea ?iai/i? neee ?
eiai n?i`?. C?icoi?ei, ui ca oaeeo oiia aaaeei aeiaaaoe a?ae
i?aoe?aiee?a noie?iiiai a?aeiioaiiy aei i?aoe?. ?acii c oei ne?ae ia
o?yaeiaiio ??ai? aaeeoe caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia iie?ioaiiy
iaoa??aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy o oaa?eiieoeoa? oa iaaeaiiy aeiiiiiae o
aaaeaii? iniaenoiai i?aeniaiiai oa aeiiaoiueiai ainiiaea?noaa.

7.Aeiiae i?i iaeaaeia aeeiiaiiy iaia`yce?a iiaeii? ii?aeioaaoeny ?c
noai?aiiyi i?aoe?aieeai oiia aeey ii?iaeueii? ?iaioe, ui, ia aeaeue,
iei? iaeaea a?aenooi?. Oiiae i?aoe? a aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa iaeano?
iia??oothoueny c ?ieo a ??e. Aeoiaeyoue c eaaeo iiaethaaeuei? nenoaie,
aaioeeyoe?ei? i?eno?i?, ?io? iaoai?cie, o caiaaeaaiiio noai? aoaeeiee
oaa?eiieea, cae?eaathoueny ioieoe aa?y/iai oa?/oaaiiy, ia i?aoeththoue
eaci?, aeooia?. I?aoe?aieee iaeaea ia caaacia/othoueny niaoe?aeueiei
iaeyaii ? acoooyi. Iiiaae 75% iieoaieo i?aoe?aiee?a oaa?eiieoeoaa
ioe?iththoue oiiae i?aoe? ye aaaee? ? iaaieioothoue ia oiio, ui aiie
iio?aaothoue iie?ioaiiy. Oiio aaciina?aaeiuei ia ae?iaieoeoa? ne?ae
noai?thaaoe iaiao?aei? iiaooia? oiiae, caaacia/oaaoe iaeaaei?
nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/i? oiiae i?aoe? oa a?aeii/eieo.

8. Uiaei ia?niaeoeae caeiyoino? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o oaa?eiieoeoa?, oi
i?iaeaia caaacia/aiiy aaeoc? ?ano?naie aeeai? i?aoe?, ia iaoo aeoieo,
ia? ae??ooaaoeny o iai?yieo nei?i/aiiy iiieoo ia ?iai/o neeo oeyoii
?ioaineo?eaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aaeoc? ia oe?e
iniia? iaeaeeae/ei /anii (aei 2005 ?.) nei?ioeoue iio?aao a o?oaeiaeo
?ano?nao aei 30 oen. /ie., i?e i/?eoaai?e /enaeueiino? ?iai/i? neee o
i?aoeacaeaoiiio a?oe? — aei 30,5 oen. /ie. Ioaea, aaeocue ia
a?ae/oaaoeia ianoa/? a i?aoe?aieeao. ? eeoa ca oiia ??ceiai ca?eueoaiiy
iiaie?a`y ? ia?iuoaaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa oaa?eiieoeueei? i?iaeoeoe??
i?e a?aenooiino? iaeaaeiiai ??aiy iaoai?caoe?? a aaeoc?
a?ae/oaaoeiaoueny ianoa/a ?iai/i? neee. A oeeo oiiaao ne?ae anaa?/ii
ni?eyoe ai?iaaaeaeaiith aeinyaiaiue iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano, iiaeo
oi?i iaoeiai? i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe? o ae?iaieoeoai.

9. Oa?ia?noai iiee ui ia aei?aaaeaei niiae?aaiue uiaei ae?iaieoeoaa
oaa?eiieoeueei? i?iaeoeoe??. Iiaie?a`y oaa?ei, yea oo?eio?oueny o
oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noaao iaaeoi iaea, a /anoea i?iaeoeoe??
oaa?eiieoeoaa a caaaeuei?e no?oeoo?? ae?iaieoeoaa iacia/ia. Oiio
aaaeeeai aaeeoe caoiae?a uiaei caioi/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oaa?eiieoeueei?
i?iaeoeoe?? a oeeo ainiiaea?noaao ca ?aooiie aaeineiiaeaiiy oe?iiai?
iie?oeee, iaaeaiiy i?eueaiaeo e?aaeeo?a oe?eueiaiai i?ecia/aiiy, oiui.

10. Cia/ia nei?i/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oaa?eiieoeueei? i?iaeoeoe?? o
noni?eueiiio naeoi?? ? iani?iiiaei?noue caaacia/eoe iaeaaei? ianyae
ae?iaieoeoaa i?eaaoiiai naeoi?a i?ecaaee aei ??ceiai nei?i/aiiy ianya?a
niiaeeaaiiy iniiaieo i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy oaa?eiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy
a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a iaeano? ? iane/aiiy ?eieo i?iaeoeoaie
noii?aii? yeino? caei?aeiiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Iei? ??aaiue niiaeeaaiiy
an?o i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy oaa?eiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy a iaeano? iaeieae/ee
ii Oe?a?i? ? eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao 32-38% aei iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo
ii?i. A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui ia oa?eoi??? iaeano? neiioeaio?iaaia aeanyoa
/anoeia ianaeaiiy e?a?ie, oaeee ??aaiue caaacia/aiiy i?iaeoeoaie
oa?/oaaiiy ? ae?ae iacaaeia?eueiei ? iio?aao? iaaaeieo caoiae?a uiaei
i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aeeooy, ??aiy caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy i?iaeoeoaie
oa?/oaaiiy.

A oeeo oiiaao ne?ae ni?eyoe iiaeaeueoiio ia?iuoaaiith ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeoe?? oaa?eiieoeoaa ia i?aei?e?inoaao ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? ?
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, iniaeeai ia a?aeiinii aaeeeeo i?aei?e?inoaao, aea
eiioeaio?aoe?y, niaoe?ae?caoe?y oa ?iciiae?e i?aoe? aeicaieythoue
iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ae?iaie/? oa o?oaeia? ?ano?ne,
cae?enithaaoe caoiaee, ni?yiiaai? ia caoeno a?o/eciyiiai
oiaa?iae?iaieea, a?aeiiaethaaoe ?iai/? i?noey, caaacia/oaaoe
?aoe?iiaeueio caeiyo?noue a aaeoc?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Iaonia I.A. Aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/i? neee a oaa?eiieoeoa? // Aeiiii?ea
AIE. — 1996. — ? 12. — N. 76-78 ( 0,35 ae?. a?e.).

2. Iaonia I.A. Aei i?iaeaie eaae??a oaa?eiieoeoaa oa ?o aeei?enoaiiy:
Ca. iaoe. i?. — Oa?iii?eue, OAIA, 1996. — N. 118-119 (0,15 ae?. a?e.).

3. Iaonia I.A. Aii?yaeeoaaiiy caeiyoino? i?aoe?aiee?a oaa?eiieoeoaa //
Aeiiii?ea AIE, — 1997. — ? 4-5. — N. 64-67 (0,35 ae?. a?e.).

4. Iaonia I.A. O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae oaa?eiieoeoaa // Oaa?eiieoeoai
Oe?a?ie, — 1997. — ? 6. — N. 29 (0,25 ae?. a?e.).

5. Iaonia I.A. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oaeoi?e noaa?e?caoe??
o?oaeicaaacia/aiiy oaa?eiieoeoaa // Aeiiii?ea AIE. — 1998. — ? 5. — N.
76-78 (0,4 ae?. a?e.).

AIIOAOe??

Iaonia I.A. Aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o oaa?eiieoeoa?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.09.01 — aeaiia?ao?y, aeiiii?ea i?aoe?,
nioe?aeueia aeiiii?ea ? iie?oeea. — ?inoeooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI,
Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeai? oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaee/i? aniaeoe
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o oaa?eiieoeoa? ia i?eeeaae? aa?a?ieo
i?aei?e?inoa Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?. Iieacaia e?euee?nia ? ye?nia ioe?iea
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a aaeoc?, aecia/aiee ??aaiue caaacia/aiiy aa?a?ieo
i?aei?e?inoa noni?eueiiai naeoi?a ?ano?naie aeeai? i?aoe?, ?ic?iaeaiee
i?iaiic caaacia/aiino? aa?a?ieo i?aei?e?inoa iaeano? i?aoe?aieeaie
oaa?eiieoeoaa. Ie?aneai? iniiai? iai?yie iie?ioaiiy aeei?enoaiiy
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, caeiyoeo o oaa?eiieoeoa?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?iai/a neea, o?oaeia? ?ano?ne, o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae,
caeiyo?noue, aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy, i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?.

Iaonia I.A. Eniieueciaaiea o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia a aeeaioiiaiaenoaa.

Aeenna?oaoeeae yaeyaony ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.09.01 — aeaiia?aoey, yeiiiieea o?oaea,
nioeeaeueiay yeiiiieea e iieeoeea. — Einoeooo aa?a?iie yeiiiieee OAAI,
Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeiaaiu oai?aoe/aneea e iaoiaee/aneea iniiau
ii?aaeaeaiey o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia io?anee aeeaioiiaiaenoaa. ?anniio?aiu
?ieue e ianoi o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia aeeaioiiaiaenoaa a nenoaia o?oaeiauo
?ano?nia naeueneiai oicyenoaa, iaoiaee/aneea iiaeoiaeu e eco/aieth
o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia io?anee aeeaioiiaiaenoaa, i?aaeeiaeaia nenoaia
iieacaoaeae, oa?aeoa?ecothueo eniieueciaaiea o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia io?anee.
Ana iiiaiia?acea iieacaoaeae, oa?aeoa?ecothueo o?oaeiaua ?ano?nu,
oneiaii iiaeii ?acaeaeeoue ia aeaa a?oiiu — iieacaoaee iaee/ey
(eiee/anoaaiiue e ea/anoaaiiue ninoaa ?aaioieeia) e iieacaoaee
eniieueciaaiey o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia, eioi?ua a naith i/a?aaeue oaeaea
iiaeii ?acaeaeeoue ia aeaa iiaea?oiiu — iieacaoaee eniieueciaaiey oiiaea
?aai/aai a?aiaie e iieacaoaee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea.

Ia iniiaa i?eaaaeaiiie nenoaiu iieacaoaeae aaoi?ii i?iaaaeai aiaeec
o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia, caiyouo a aeeaioiiaiaenoaa, ia i?eia?a
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoe. Aieueoia aieiaiea
oaeaeaii aiaeeco ea/anoaaiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia io?anee.
Ia iniiaa eco/aiey nieni/iiai ninoaaa aa?a?iuo i?aaei?eyoee o?ao
ianeaaeiaaiiuo ?aeiiia iaeanoe (Aieiiaaoneiai, Oaeueiaiianeiai e
ssneiiaaoneiai) onoaiiaeaia iieiaic?anoiay no?oeoo?a caiyouo, ii?aaeaeai
ia?aciaaoaeueiue e eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiue o?iaaiue ?aaioieeia
aeeaioiiaiaenoaa.

A ?acoeueoaoa enneaaeiaaiey auyniaii, /oi a aeeaioiiaiaenoaa ?aaeiia
caiyoa o?aouey /anoue o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia naeuenueeiai oicyenoaa.
Iiaeiaeythuaa aieueoeinoai n?aaee ?aaioieeia io?anee ninoaaeytho
aeaiueiu. Aic?anoiay no?oeoo?a aeeaioiiaiaeia oa?aeoa?ecoaony
i?aiaeaaeaieai ?aaioieeia iiaeeeiai aic?anoa, cia/eoaeueiue oaeaeueiue
aan n?aaee eioi?uo — iaineiia?u. Aianoa n oai iieiaeaaee a yoie io?anee
noaiiaeony an? iaiueoa.

O?iaaiue ia?aciaaiey aeeaioiiaiaeia oioue e iiauoaaony, ii an? aea au?
nouanoaaiiie inoa?ony aeiey ?aaioieeia n iaiieiui n?aaeiei ia?aciaaieai.
Iiauoaieth eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiiai o?iaiy aeeaioiiaiaeia a aa?a?iuo
i?aaei?eyoeyo aieiaiey i?aeoe/anee ia oaeaeyaony, ionthaea
eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo ?aaioieeia a io?anee ia iiiaei aieueoa 10 %. I?eoii
iniiaiay ianna ec ieo i?eoiaeeony ia iia?aoi?ia iaoeiiiai aeiaiey

I?aaenoaaeyao eioa?an enneaaeiaaiea o?iaiy e yooaeoeaiinoe
eniieueciaaiey o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia a io?anee. A ?aieao yoiai
enneaaeiaaiey i?aaei?eiyoa iiiuoea a?oiie?iaee ?aaioieeia ii o?iaith
o?oaeiaiai o/anoey. N iiiiuueth a?oiie?iaee ii?aaeaeaia caaeneiinoue
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea io o?iaiy o?oaeiaiai o/anoey. Onoaiiaeaii,
/oi oaeoe/aneee aiaeiaie oiiae ?aai/aai a?aiaie iiaeaaeythuaai
aieueoeinoaa aeeaioiiaiaeia, caiyouo a iauanoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa
cia/eoaeueii i?aauoaao ii?iaoeaiue. Oae, eaaeaeue o?aoee ioae/eia e
eaaeaeay aoi?ay aeaiueia caiyou a iauanoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa 300 e aieaa
aeiae aoa/aiea aiaea.

Aiaeec yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia aeeth/aao
aeeiaieeo noieiinoiuo iieacaoaeae i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea a io?anee
ca naieeaoiee ia?eiae, aeeiaieeo o?oaeiaieinoe i?iecaiaenoaa iniiaiuo
aeaeia aeeaioiiaiae/aneie i?iaeoeoeee a iauanoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa.
Ianiio?y ia naa?oii?iaoeaioth caiyoinoue aeeaioiiaiaeu ?aaeiia
eniieuecothony ia aeinoaoi/ii yooaeoeaii. Eaoano?ioe/aneeie oaiiaie
iaaeaao i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue o?oaea a io?anee. Oae, ca iineaaeiea naiue
eao i?iecaiaenoai i?iaeoeoeee aeeaioiiaiaenoaa a ?an/aoa ia iaeiiai
?aaioieea nie?aoeeinue ia o?e /aoaa?oe. Cao?aou o?oaea ia i?iecaiaenoai
iniiaiuo aeaeia aeeaioiiaiae/aneie i?iaeoeoeee a iauanoaaiiii
i?iecaiaenoaa aic?inee ca yoio ia?eiae a 2-6 ?ac.

E?iia oiai, i?iaaaeaii enneaaeiaaiea o?oaeiaieinoe niaea?aeaiey e?oiiiai
?iaaoiai neioa a ee/iii iiaeniaiii oicyenoaa. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi cao?aou
o?oaea ia niaea?aeaiea neioa e ioeoeu a ee/iii iiaeniaiii oicyenoaa ii
iaiueoae ia?a a 5 ?ac i?aauoatho niioaaonoaothuee iieacaoaeue
iauanoaaiiiai naeoi?a. Niaea?aeaiea neioa e ioeoeu a ee/iii iiaeniaiii
oicyenoaa ia oieueei ia niinianoaoao yooaeoeaiiio eniieueciaaieth
o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia a iauanoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa, ii e iaaaoeaiui ia?acii
neacuaaaony ia ninoiyiee caei?iauey o?oaeyueony.

Ia iniiaa o?iiiiao?aaeiuo iaaethaeaiee eco/aia no?oeoo?a aioo?eniaiiiai
oiiaea ?aai/aai a?aiaie, auyaeaiu aai iioa?e e i?e/eiu
ia?aoeeiiaeueiiai eniieueciaaiey.

Cia/eoaeueiia aieiaiea a aeenna?oaoeee oaeaeaii iieneo iniiaiuo iooae
oeo/oaiey eniieueciaaiey eiathueony o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia. Naeaeai i?iaiic
aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey aeeaioiiaiaenoaa e enoiaey ec yoiai ii?aaeaeaia
ia?niaeoeaiay iio?aaiinoue io?anee a o?oaeiauo ?ano?nao. I?aaeeiaeaiu
aa?eaioiua ?an/aou ii ii?aaeaeaieth ia?niaeoeaiiai o?iaiy iaania/aiiinoe
aeeaioiiaiaenoaa o?oaeiauie ?ano?naie. Aeieacaii, /oi iaeaieaa
oeaeaniia?aciui yaeyaony aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea io?anee aeeaioiiaiaenoaa
ia i?eioeeiao aai eioaineoeeaoeee. Aiaae?aiea a i?iecaiaenoai iiaaeoeo
aeinoeaeaiee iaoee e oaoieee iiiiaeao nie?aoeoue iio?aaiinoue a ?aai/ae
neea aeey iaania/aiey ianaeaiey ?aaeiia i?iaeoeoaie ieoaiey.

Iniiaiuie iooyie iaania/aiey ?aoeeiiaeueiiai eniieueciaaiey o?oaeiauo
?ano?nia a aeeaioiiaiaenoaa yaeythony oeo/oaiea oneiaee o?oaea e auoa
aeeaioiiaiaeia, ?aoaiea ?yaea i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo aii?inia aeaeueiaeoaai
?acaeoey io?anee a iiauo oicyenoaaiiuo no?oeoo?ao ?ano?oeoo?ece?iaaiiuo
aa?a?iuo i?aaei?eyoee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aai/ay neea, o?oaeiaua ?ano?nu, o?oaeiaie iioaioeeae,
caiyoinoue, yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey, i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue o?oaea.

M. B. Mahsma. Use of labor resources in livestock production

The thesis is a manuscript.

The thesis is for candidate’s degree in the specialty 08.09.01 —
Demography, labor economics, social economics and policy. — Institute of
Agrarian Economics, UAAS, Kyiv, 1999.

Theoretical and methodological aspects of use of labor resources in
livestock production are investigated, basing on the agrarian
enterprises of Donetsk oblast. Quantitative and qualitative assessment
labor resources of the branch is shown, the level of labor supply for
agrarian enterprises of the public sector is determined, labor supply
for the oblast’s livestock production is forecast. The main directions
to improve use of labor resources in livestock production are outlined.

Key words: labor force, labor resources, labor potential, employment,
efficiency of use, labor productivity

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