IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO IAOAEIO?CEEE ?i. A.A.EO?AeTHIIAA

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

I?ssAeE?I Na?a?e Eaii?aeiae/

AEEI?ENOAIIss NEAIOTH*I? OOIAEUeII? I?E?INEII?? AeEss AEA*AIIss
NO?OEOO?E IIAA?OI? OAA?AeEO O?E – I?IA?AeIEE?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 01.04.18 – o?ceea ? o?i?y iiaa?oi?

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a –1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?aaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? o?ceee oaa?aeiai o?ea ?in?enueei? Aeaaeai??
Iaoe

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Oeie Aaea??e Noaiaiiae/

?inoeooo o?ceee oaa?aeiai o?ea ?AI

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – /e.-ei?. IAI Oe?a?ie, aeieoi?

o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? *a?ai?i AaeaioeiOeoiiiae/

?inoeooo iaoaeio?ceee ?i.A.A.Eo?aethiiaa IAI Oe?a?ie

— eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

A?e?oia Aaiaae?e Aaneeueiae/

?inoeooo o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – ?inoeooo o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_23_” a?oaeiy_ 1998_?ieo i 15__ aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.168.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
iaoaeio?ceee ?i. A.A. Eo?aethiiaa IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: i.Ee?a,
aoeuea. aeaae. Aa?iaaenueeiai, 36, eiioa?aioe-cae ?inoeoooo iaoaeio?ceee

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iaoaeio?ceee ca aae?anith i.Ee?a, aoeuea. aeaae. Aa?iaaenueeiai, 36

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “21_” _eenoiiaaea__1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee I?uae A.E.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

C iiiaioo aeiaoiaeo o 1982 ?ioe? [1] neaioth/iai ooiaeueiiai i?e?ineiio
(NOI), oeae i?eeaae oa?eoia a a?oio iaeiioe?ai?oeo o?ce/ieo i?eeaae?a
aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaa?oi? oaa?aeeo o?e, iie?ia??a oa i?aai?/ieo
niieoe.

Aaeeeee ?ioa?an aei NOI iia’ycaiee ?c eiia?iaoe??th aeae?eueeio
aeanoeainoae:

aeniea i?inoi?iaa ?icae?eueia caeaoi?noue;

iiaeeea?noue aeaeo?iiii? niaeo?ineii?? iiaa?oi? c o??th ae ?icae?eueiith
caeaoi?noth;

iiaeeea?noue io?eioaaoe cia?aaeaiiy iiaa?oi? ia eeoa o aaeooi?, aea e a
aoiinoa?ieo oiiaao oa a ??aeeiao, ui aeoaea neeueii iioe?th? aaeocue
canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeeee.

C eiaeiei ?ieii aeieeathoue iia? iiaeeo?eaoe?? NOI oa iioe?th?oueny
e?euee?noue iai?yie?a eiai aeei?enoaiiy. Na?aae iaeaaaeeea?oeo aaeocae
canoinoaaiiy NOI ciaoiaeyoueny:

1) aecia/aiiy no?oeoo?e oa aeaeo?iiieo aeanoeainoae iiaa?oi? ia aoiiiiio
??ai?, aea/aiiy aaeni?aoe?? oa ae?ooc?? aoii?a oa iieaeoe, o?i?/ieo
?aaeoe?e c o/anoth aaeni?aaio?a;

2) aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?oieia?? iiaa?oi? ia ianooaa? 1ii – 1iei c iaoith
c’ynoaaiiy i?ioean?a ?inoo, aeaeo?io?i?/iiai o?aaeaiiy, ?iiiiai
?icieethaaiiy, a oaeiae aeey aea/aiiy i?ioean?a ?icn?thaaiiy ia
?aaeuei?e iiaa?oi?;

3) e?oia?ao?/ia iiaeeo?eaoe?y iiaa?oi? ca aeiiiiiaith NOI.

A aaaaoueio iaoeiaeo eaai?aoi??yo aeei?enoiaothoueny,
aaeineiiaeththoueny oa aeaioiaeythoueny ??ciiiai?oi? niaoe?ae?ciaai?
NOI. ? oi/ aaaaoi a?aeiieo o??i i?iiiio? eiia?oe?ei? i?e?ineiie, aea
?icaeoie oe??? iaoiaeeee a eaai?aoi??? aeicaiey? i?enoinoaaoe ?? aei
ianoaiaea?oieo aei??thaaiiue oa caeiiiieoe eiooe.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe

?ic?iaea aaaaoiooieoe?eiiai neaioth/iai ooiaeueiiai i?e?ineiio,
?icaeoie iaoiaee/ieo iiaeeeainoae NOI oa ?o aeei?enoaiiy aeey ae??oaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueieo caaea/ a ??cieo aaeocyo o?ceee oaa?aeiai o?ea, na?aae
yeeo:

c’ynoaaiiy i?e/ei ai?cio?ii?? a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy aeaeo?ii?a i?iaiaeeiino?
a?ae ?aaeueii? iiaa?oi? aieueo?aio c i???ioaoe??th (110) oa (100),
ciaeaeaio ca aeiiiiiaith iiia?a/iith oieonoaaiiy aeaeo?ii?a ([2],[3]);

io?eiaiiy ooiaeueieo niaeo??a neieo iiaa?oi? aenieioaiia?aoo?iiai
iaaei?ia?aeieea YBa2Cu3O7-x oa aecia/aiiy aaee/eie iaaei?ia?aeii?
u?eeie;

?ic?iaea iaoiae?a e?oia?ao?/ii? iiaeeo?eaoe?? iiaa?oi? Si(111) o
iaaeaenieiio aaeooi? ia iaiiiao?iaiio ianooaa?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe

?ic?iaeaii i?ea?iaeueiee i?eno??e iaaeaenieiaaeooiiiai NOI c
aeniiioaaiiyi iiaa?oi?, ui aea/a?oueny, a ??cieo aacao in situ oa c
nenoaiith i?eaiooaaiiy e?enoaee/ii? iiaa?oi? oa a?no?y. Ia?aiao?e
i?eno?ith aoee aecia/ai? i?e aea/aii? iiaa?oi? Cu (100). Ca aeiiiiiaith
NOI cia?aaeaiue aoei i?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui iiaa?oiy Cu(100) ia
?aeiino?oeiaaia.

I?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy iiaa?oi? (100) oa (110) aieueo?aia ca aeiiiiiaith
NOI oa c’yniaai? i?e/eie ai?cio?ii?? a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy aeaeo?ii?a
i?iaiaeeiino? acaeiaae ii?iae? aei iiaa?oi?.

?ic?iaeaii e??iaaiiee NOI c? neieii e?enoaeo in situ, ca aeiiiiiaith
oeueiai i?eeaaeo ia neieao YBa2Cu3O7-x, aeeiiaieo i?e 4,2E, a oiiaao
“aaeooiiiai” ooiaethaaiiy io?eiai? aieueo-aiia?i? caeaaeiino? oa
c’yniaaiee ae?aiacii aaee/eie iaaei?ia?aeii? u?eeie aeey oe??? niieoee.

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ia?aiino aoii?a e?aii?th ia iiaa?oi? Si(111) c
aaeeeei ae?aiaciiii ?ici???a iniaeeainoae, ui ooai?ththoueny, (2-30ii).

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe

A ?acoeueoao? aeeiiaii? ?iaioe aoee ?ic?iaeai? i?ea?iaeuei? eiino?oeoe??
e??iaaiiiai oa iaaeaenieiaaeooiiiai NOI, no/ania oi?aa?naeueia oeeo?iaa
aeaeo?ii?ea aeey NOI/ANI oa i?a?aiia caaacia/aiiy. Oe? ?ic?iaee aoee
aeei?enoai? a aeae?eueeio ?ioeo iaoeiaeo eaai?aoi??yo;

?acoeueoao aeine?aeaeaiue ii e?oia?ao?/i?e iiaeeo?eaoe?? iiaa?oi?
Si(111) iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey ?ic?iaee oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy
e?aii??aeo iaiino?oeoo? ca aeiiiiiaith NOI.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea io?eiaiiy aoiiii /enoeo iaaeaino?eo (aei??aith? 3
ii) aieueo?aiiaeo a?no??a a eaia?? iaaeaenieiaaeooiiiai NOI.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

Caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioo aeca?eaeueiino? aeaeo?ii?a a?ae aeiaaeeie
oaee? aea A?ieey i?e ii?iaeueiiio iaae?ii? aeaeo?ii?a i?iaiaeeiino? aeey
?aaeueii? iiaa?oi? (100) aieueo?aio iaoiiaeaia ?ioa?oa?aioe??th
aeaeo?ii?a ia ooai?aieo i?e aeaeo?ie?oe/iiio iie??oaaii? iiaa?oi?
ia??aiinoyo o?eeooii? oi?ie (oanaoeao) c ?ici??ii ??aiiio aeiaaeei?
oaee? aeaeo?ii?a. A?aenooi?noue caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??ioa aeca?eaeueiino?
a?ae aeaaeeie oaee? aea A?ieey aeaeo?ii?a i?iaiaeeiino? aeey ?aaeueii?
iiaa?oi? (110) aieueo?aio iaoiiaeaia a?aenooi?noth nooo?aiai ?aeue?oo ia
ianooaa? aeiaaeeie oaee? aeaeo?ii?a.

Neieioa i?e 4,2E a ??aeeiio aae?? iiaa?oiy iaaei?ia?aeieea YBa2Cu3O7-x
a?eueia a?ae ?ciethth/eo i?ioa?e?a, aaee/eia iaaei?ia?aeii? u?eeie,
aei??yia iaae oe??th iiaa?oiath c aeiiiiiaith NOI, ciaoiaeeoueny a
ae?aiacii? 18 – 34 iA.

Ca aeiiiiiaith NOI cia?aaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui aoiiii /enoa iiaa?oiy
Cu(100) ia ooai?th? iaaeno?oeoo? ? iiaoi?th? ia’?iio ia??iaee/i?noue.

I?iaeaiiino?iaaia iiaeeea?noue ia?aiino aoii?a e?aii?th c iiaa?oi?
Si(111) ia aieueo?aiiaa a?no?y ? c a?no?y ia iiaa?oith c iiaeeea?noth
ooai?thaaoe “yiee“ oa “ino??aoe?“ a oiiaao iaaeaenieiai aaeooio. ?ici??
iniaeeainoae, ui ooai?ththony, iiaeia ci?ithaaoe a ae?aiacii? 2 – 30 ii.
?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey ooai?aiiy e?aii??aeo
iaiino?oeoo?.

Aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? o ianooiiiio:

naiino?ei?a ?ic?iaea on?o aa??aoe?e NOI, aeei?enoaieo a ?iaio?;

?ic?iaea aeaeo?ii?ee oa i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy aeey NOI eiiieaeno;

aeoeaia o/anoue o iinoaiiaoe? o?ce/ieo caaea/;

naiino?eia i?iaaaeaiiy an?o NOI aeine?aeaeaiue;

ia?iaea oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue;

aaciina?aaeiy o/anoue o iaienaii? noaoae, ui eyaee a iniiao
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny ia 2-e Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe??
ii aenieioaiia?aoo?i?e iaaei?ia?aeiino?, Ee?a, 1989, oa Ana?in?enuee?e
Ia?aae? “Ciiaeiaa i?e?ineii?y 98”, Ieaei?e Iiaai?iae, 1998.

Ioae?eaoe??

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 3 ?iaioe a iaoeiaeo
aeo?iaeao oa aeaeaii aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio /anoei, caeeth/aiiy ?
nieneo oeeoiaaiii? e?oa?aoo?e.

Ei?ioeee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaii
iieiaeaiiy, ui caoeuathoueny, a?aeia?aaeaii iiaecio ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
?iaioe.

*anoeia 1 ia? iaeyaeiaee oa?aeoa? ? i?enay/aia iaeyaeo iaoiaeeee
neaioth/i? i?e?ineii?? oa NOI aeine?aeaeaiue.

NOI aeicaiey? ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i no?oeoo?o oa aeaeo?iii? aeanoeaino?
iiaa?oi? o i?yiiio i?inoi?? c oi?eaeueiith ?icae?eueiith caeaoi?noth.
Aaeaeaaoia oeoia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a NOI aei??iaaiue iaiiaeeeaa aac
aeaoaeueiiai ?icaeyaeo o?ce/ieo yaeu, ia yeeo iniiaaia ?iaioa NOI. Oiio
a ia?o?e /anoei? nii/aoeo aeeeaaeaiee ?icaeyae ooiaethaaiiy, a oaeiae
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ooieoe?thaaiiy noaie cai?ioiueiai ca’yceo NOI oa ??
aiae?c.

Aeae? ?icaeyiooi ?iaioe a aaeoc? aea/aiiy aoiiii? no?oeoo?e iiaa?oi?
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a oa iaoae?a. I?aee?aneai? iniiai? aeinyaiaiiy oa
iai?yiee ?icaeoeo.

Oaeiae i?eaaaeai? iniiai? iai?yiee aeei?enoaiiy oiiia?ao?/ii?
?ioi?iaoe?? NOI aeey aea/aiiy o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a ia iiaa?oi? oaa?aeeo
o?e. ?icaeyioo? aenia?eiaioe ii e?oia?ao?/i?e iiaeeo?eaoe?? iiaa?oi? c
iaoith ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a noai?aiiy i?e?iaeaeo?iiieo no?oeoo?
iaiiiao?iaiai ianooaao ?ici???a.

Ie?aii ?icaeyioo? ?iaioe ii aea/aiith aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo
iaaei?ia?aeiee?a c aeiiiiiaith NOI.

Ia i?ee?ioe? ia?oiai ?icae?eo ia ooiaeaiaio? noaio ?icaeyiooeo aaeocae
aeei?enoaiiy NOI noi?ioeueiaai? caaea/? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

*anoeia 2 i?enay/aia iaoiaeeoe? aenia?eiaioo. A ?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny
aeae?eueea ??cieo i?eeaae?a NOI aeanii?o/iiai aeaioiaeaiiy. Na?aae ieo
NOI aeey ?iaioe i?e aoiinoa?ieo oiiaao, e??iaaiiee NOI oa
iaaeaenieiaaeooiiee NOI.

Aeaeo?iiia /anoeia iniiaaia ia aeei?enoaii? i?ioeanni?a oeeo?iai?
ia?iaee neaiaeo (IOeIN) aeey noai?aiiy oeeo?iaiai ?aaoeyoi?a iieiaeaiiyi
ooiaeueiiai a?no?y oa nenoaie nai?o oa ia?iaee neaiae?a.
Aeei?enoiaoaaeenue IOeIN AD 2181 oa AD 21020 o??ie Analog Devices.

Ca’ycie IOeIN oa ia?niiaeueiiai eiii’thoa?a aeicaieya caaaioaaeoaaoe a
IOeIN i?ia?aio oa ia?aiao?e ?iaioe NOI, a oaeiae ia?aiineoe cia?aaeaiiy
?c IOeIN a eiii’thoa?. Noai?aia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeicaieyei
io?eioaaoe cia?aaeaiiy, ia?iaeyoe ?o oa aeaiaeeoe ia ae?nieae o ??cieo
aeaeao.

Oaeiae aoea ?aae?ciaaia iiaeeea?noue io?eiaiiy aieueo-aiia?ieo
caeaaeiinoae oa caeaaeiinoae ooiaeueiiai oieo a?ae a?aenoai? i?ae
a?no?yi oa iiaa?oiath. A yeino? i?eno?ith iaaeeaeaiiy a?no?y aei
iiaa?oi? aoa ?ic?iaeaiee i?ci?ia?oe?eiee aeaeaoi. Neaioth/ee aeaiaio,
yeee aeei?enoiaoaaany, iaa oi?io oe?eeiae?a c ?icae?eaieie aeaeo?iaeaie.

Aeae? ?icayioo? iniaeeaino? on?o o?ueio iiaeeo?eaoe?e NOI, oa
i?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe oanoiaeo aei??thaaiue.

Aeey NOI i?e aoiinoa?ieo oiiaao aoei io?eiaii cia?aaeaiiy aoiiii?
no?oeoo?e iiaa?oi? i??ie?oe/iiai a?ao?oa. Aeey e??iaaiiiai NOI aoee
caeiaoo? niaeo?e iiaa?oi? e?enoaeo i?ia?th a oiiaao “aaeooiiiai”
ooiaethaaiiy.

A a?eueoiio ia’?i? aoee i?iaaaeai? ?nieoe iaaeaenieiaaeooiiiai NOI.
I?eaaaeaii? cia?aaeaiiy iiaa?oi? Si (111) 7o7, io?eiai? ia oeueiio
i?eeaae?. Oaeiae io?eiai? cia?aaeaiiy iiaa?oi? Cu (100)-1o1 (?en2), c
yeeo aeaeii, ui iiaa?oiy i?ae? ia ?aeiino?oeiaaia ? iiaoi?th?
ia??iaee/i?noue ia’?io. ?ici?? aio?e?iaee aoiiii? no?oeoo?e noaiiaeoue
0,2 (. Aeae? i?eaaaeaia cia?aaeaiiy iiaa?oi? Cu (100) — Cl ((2x(2)
(?en.1).

A /anoei? 3 aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa i?iaaaeaii ?o
iaaiai?aiiy.

Aieea no?oeoo?e ?aaeueii? iiaa?oi? (100) oa (110) aieueo?aia ia
?icn?thaaiiy aeaeo?ii?a i?iaiaeeiino?.

A aenia?eiaioao c iiia?a/iiai oieonoaaiiy aeaeo?ii?a [2, 3] ia
aeaeo?iiie??iaaieo iiaa?oiyo (100) oa (110) aieueo?aio aoea aeyaeaia
ai?cio?ii?y a?aeca?eaeaiiy ii?iaeueii iaaeath/eo ia iiaa?oith aeaeo?ii?a
i?iaiaeeiino?. Aeey iiaa?oi? (100) a??ia?aei?noue aeca?eaeueiiai
a?aeaeooy a aaeee?e i??? caeaaeaea a?ae aeiaaeeie oaee? aea A?ieey. Aeey
iiaa?oi? (110) aeey ??cieo a?oi aeaeo?ii?a a??ia?aei?noue aeca?eaeueiiai
a?aeaeooy aei??aithaaea 0,6 ? ia caeaaeaea a?ae aeiaaeeie oaee? aea
A?ieey aeaeo?ii?a.

C iaoith c’ynoaaiiy i?e/ei ai?cio?ii?? a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy aeaeo?ii?a
i?iaiaeeiino? ca aeiiiiiaith NOI aoea aea/aia no?oeoo?a iiaa?oi? (100)
oa (110) aieueo?aio ia ??cieo ianooaaao.

Aoei c’yniaaii, ui iiaa?oiy (110) neeaaea?oueny c aaeeeeo aoiiii ieineeo
ae?eyiie c i???ioaoe??th (110), i?ae yeeie ?niothoue ia?aiaaee aenioith
20-100 (. Ia ieineeo ae?eyieao cono??/athony oaeiae aoiii? nooiai?
aenioith e?aoi? i?aeieiueii?e a?aenoai?.

Aeaeo?iiie??iaaia iiaa?oiy (100) neeaaea?oueny c oanaoie, ye? ooai?ai?
caeaa?eueoiai c iiaa?oiiue i???ioaoe?? o ae?aiacii? a?ae (310) aei
(100). Oeiiaee ?ici?? oanaoie 50-100 ( acaeiaae iiaa?oi? oa 5-20 ( ii
ii?iae? aei iiaa?oi?.

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo cia?aaeaiue ?aaeueii? iiaa?oi? (100) oa (110)
aieueo?aio iiaeeeai c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui iacaeaaei?noue a??ia?aeiino?
a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy aeaeo?ii?a a?ae aeiaaeeie oaee? aeey iiaa?oi? (110)
iia’ycaia c i?aeoe/ii iiaiith a?aenooi?noth ?aeue?oo iiaa?oi? ia
ianooaa? aeiaaeeie oaee? aea A?ieey aeaeo?ii?a ? a?aeaeooyi aeaeo?ii?a a
?aieao iaaeeaeaiiy aaiiao?e/ii? iioeee.

Caeaaei?noue a??ia?aeiino? a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy aeaeo?ii?a a?ae aeiaaeeie
oaee? aeey aeaeo?iiie??iaaii? iiaa?oi? (100) a aenie?eiaioao c
iiia?a/iiai oieonoaaiiy aeaeo?ii?a iia’ycaia c ?ioa?oa?aioe??th
aeaeo?ii?a i?iaiaeeiino? ia ?icaeiooiio ?aeue?o? ia ianooaa? aeiaaeeie
oaee? aea A?ieey aeaeo?ii?a.

C?iaeai? ?ic?aooiee ?ioa?oa?aioe?? ieinei? oaee? ia iiaeaeueiiio
?aeue?o? o?eeooii? oi?ie aeicaieeee i?i?ethno?oaaoe aenia?eiaioaeueio
caeaaei?noue a??ia?aeiino? a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy aeaeo?ii?a a?ae aeiaaeeie
oaee? aea A?ieey aeaeo?ii?a i?iaiaeeiino? aeey aeaeo?iiie??iaaii?
iiaa?oi? (100) aieueo?aia, io?eiaio a aenie?eiaioao c iiia?a/iiai
oieonoaaiiy aeaeo?ii?a.

Aeey aea/aiiy a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy aeaeo?ii?a i?iaiaeeiino? a?ae
e?enoaeia?ao?/ii? a?ai? (100) iaiao?aeii i?eaiooaaiiy a?aeiia?aeii?
iiaa?oi? c aaeeeith /anoeith aoiiii ??aieo ae?eyiie c i???ioaoe??th
(100).

Niaeo?ineii?y neieo e?enoaeo YBa2Cu3O7-x, aeeiiaieo i?e 4,2E.

Aia?oa ia /an i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a aeey io?eiaiiy /enoi? iiaa?oi?
YBa2Cu3O7-x aac aeao?oe?oo eenith aoea ?aae?ciaaia nenoaia neieo
i?i?aoth?iiai e?enoaeo aenieioaiia?aoo?iiai iaaei?ia?aeieea in situ a
e??iaaiiiio NOI, caio?aiiio a ??aeeee aae?e i?e oaiia?aoo?? 4.2E.
A?ae?aco ae i?ney neieo aei iiaiooai?aii? iiaa?oi? iaaeeaeaeiny a?no?y
NOI, oa ii/eiaeeny oiiia?ao?/i? oa niaeo?ineii?/i? aei??e.

C’yniaaii, ui cia/ia aeiey neieioi? iiaa?oi? YBa2Cu3O7-x a?eueia a?ae
?ciethth/eo i?ioa?e?a ? iaae oe??th iiaa?oiath iiaeeeai ?aae?coaaoe
?aaeei ooiaethaaiiy aeaeo?ii?a aac ooai?aiiy iaoai?/iiai eiioaeoo i?ae
a?no?yi oa iiaa?oiath.

Aoee io?eiai? cia?aaeaiiy iiaa?oi? neieo oa aei??yi? aieueo-aiia?i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee iaae e?enoaeia?ao?/ii ieineeie ae?eyieaie iiaa?oi?.
Iaeaea caaaeaee ia aieueo-aiia?ieo caeaaeiinoyo, io?eiaieo oaeei /eiii,
aoea i?enooiy u?eeiia iniaeea?noue a?ey ioey iai?oae ia ooiaeueiiio
ia?aoiae?, yea ?ioa?i?aooaaeany ye iaaei?ia?aeia u?eeia. ?c ia?iaee
aaeeei? e?eueeino? caeiaooeo oaeei /eiii caeaaeiinoae aoa c’yniaaiee
ae?aiacii iiaeeeaeo aaee/ei iaaei?ia?aeii? u?eeie. A?i noaiiaea 18-34
iA.

Ca?ac iiaeia ii??aiyoe io?eiaiee ae?aiacii cia/aiue iaaei?ia?aeii?
u?eeie a YBa2Cu3O7-x ?c caaaeueii ocaiaeaeaiith ia iao /an aaee/eiith.
Aiia noaiiaeoue 20+/-2iA (ni. [4] ).

Iaiie?oia?ao?y ia iiaa?oi? Si(111) ca aeiiiiiaith NOI.

Aenia?eiaioe ii iiaeeo?eaoe?? iiaa?oi? aeeiioaaeeny a
iaaeaenieiaaeooiiiio NOI ia i?eaioiaai?e iiaa?oi? Si(111)-7o7. sse ciiae
aeei?enoiaoaaeiny aeaeo?ie?oe/ii i?eaioiaaia oa i/euaia ?iiiei
aiiaa?aeoaaiiyi a NOI nenoai? iaaeaino?a aieueo?aiiaa a?no?y.

Iniiaiei ?acoeueoaoii ? aeaiiino?aoe?y iiaeeeaino? ia?aiineoe ca
aeiiiiiaith ?iioeuen?a iai?oae ??ci? e?eueeino? aoii?a e?aii?th c
iiaa?oi? ia a?no?y a iio?i ? a cai?ioiueiio iai?yieo, ae?aiacii
?ici???a, ui ooai?thaaeenue i?e oeueiio ia iiaa?oi? iniaeeainoae
noaiiaeoue 2-30 iaiiiao??a. Oaeiae i?iaeaiiino?iaaii, ui ia?aiineoueny
e?aii?e, a ia iaoa??ae a?no?y. Iiaecia oeeo aenia?eiaio?a iieyaa? a
aeaiiino?aoe?? ia?aiino ??ciiiai?oieo e?eueeinoae aoii?a e?aii?th a
aeaio iai?yieao: c iiaa?oi? ia a?no?y oa c a?no?y ia iiaa?oith.

Aeniiaee

Noai?ai? i?ea?iaeuei? eiino?oeoe?? e??iaaiiiai oa iaaeaenieiaaeooiiiai
NOI. Aecia/ai? ?o ia?aiao?e. Aaaaeaii a i?aeoeeo aeei?enoaiiy i?eno?ith
neieo e?enoae?a a e??iaaiiiio NOI. ?ic?iaeaia oi?aa?naeueia oeeo?iaa
aeaeo?ii?ea aeey NOI.

Aea/aii oiiia?ao?th ?aaeueieo iiaa?oiiue (110) ? (100) aieueo?aio oa
c’yniaaii i?e/eio ai?cio?ii?? a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy aeaeo?ii?a i?e
ii?iaeueiiio iaae?ii? a?ae oeeo iiaa?oiiue.

Ia neieao in situ e?enoae?a aenieioaiia?aoo?iiai iaaei?ia?aeieea
YBa2Cu3O7-x a e??iaaiiiio NOI a oiiaao a?aenooiino? iaoai?/iiai eiioaeoo
i?ae a?no?yi oa iiaa?oiath aoa io?eiaiee ae?aiacii iiaeeeaeo aaee/ei
iaaei?ia?aeii? u?eeie. Io?eiai? aaee/eie ciaoiaeyoueny a ocaiaeaeaii? ?c
no/anieie oyaeaiiyie.

i?iaaaeaia iaoiaee/ia ?iaioa ii io?eiaiith aoiiiiai cia?aaeaiiy iiaa?oi?
Cu(100) a NOI oa i?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui aiia ia ?aeiino?oeiaiia.

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ia?aiino aoii?a e?aii?th ii iiaa?oi? Si(111) c
aeiiiiiaith aieueo?aiiaiai a?no?y a NOI. ?ici?? iniaeeainoae, ui
ooai?ththoueny, iiaea ci?ithaaoueny a ae?aiacii? 2-30 ii. Iaoiaee
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey ooai?aiiy e?aii??aeo i?e?iaeaeo?iiieo
no?oeoo?.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iioae?eiaai?:

1) N.E.I?yaeeei, A.N.Oeie. NOI-ecia?aaeaiey ?aaeueiuo iiaa?oiinoae (100)
e (110) aieueo?aia e oa?aeoa? io?aaeaiey yeaeo?iiia i?iaiaeeiinoe.//
AEYOO(1988).-o.17, aui.3,no?. 336.

2) N.E.I?yaeeei, A.N.Oeie. Ooiiaeueiay iee?ineiiey neiea iiiie?enoaeea
YBa2Cu3O7-( i?e 4,2E.// Ienueia a AEYOO(1989).-o.49, aui.5, no?. 268.

3) K.N.Eltsov, A.N.Klimov, S.L.Priadkin, V.M.Shevlyuga and V.Yu.Yurov.
Ultra High Vacuum Scanning Tunneling Microscope for Chemical Surface
Reactions Study and Nanotechnology. // Phys. Low-Dim.
Struct.,-v.7/8(1996), p. 115.

4) E.I.Aeueoeia, A.I.Eeeiia, A.A.Eocie/aa, N.E.I?yaeeei, A.TH.TH?ia.
Naa?oaunieiaaeooiiue neaie?othuee ooiiaeueiue iee?ineii n eciaiyaiie
oaiia?aoo?ie ia?acoea. // Iaoa?eaeu ana?inneeneiai niaauaiey “Ciiaeiaay
iee?ineiiey 98”, Ieaeiee Iiaai?iae, 1998, no?.112.

Aaoi?nueeiio na?aeioeoa? ?inn?enei? Oaaea?aoe??:

5) A.A.Aeo?ia, N.E.I?yaeeei. Iaoaio ?2056666 ia ecia?aoaiea
“Iee?iiaieioeyoi? aeey iiceoeeiie?iaaiey ciiaea“, ca?aaeno?e?iaai a
Ainoaea?noaaiiii ?aano?a ecia?aoaiee 20 ia?oa 1996.

Oeeoiaaia e?oa?aoo?a:

G.Binning, H.Rohrer // Helv. Phys. Acta, 1982, v.55, p.726.

N.E.Aiaeei, A.A.Ieo?yaa,I.A.Iai/aiei e ae?. // OIO, 1979, o.5, no? 739.

A.N.Oeie, E.E.?acaiiia // AEYOO, 1978, o.74, no?.1137.

I.Maggio-April, Ch.Renner, A.Erb, E.Walker, O.Fischer // Phys. Rev.
Lett., 1995, v.75, p.2745.

SUMMARY

Pryadkin S.L. Application of scanning tunneling microscopy for studying
of structure of conductive solid state surfases. Thesis for in
candidate’s degree Physics & Mathematics in the speciality 01.04.18 —
surface physics and chemistry, Institute of Physics of Metals NAS of
Ukraine, Kyiv,1998.

Three scientific works and one patent are defended, containing results
of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) investigations of real (100) and
(110) tungsten surfaces, cleavage of surface of high temperature
superconductor YBa2Cu3O7-x, and lithography modification processes of Si
(111) surface performed in ultra high vacuum conditions. Based on the
study of surface topography the reflection anisotropy of conducting
electrons from real tungsten surfaces (100) and (110) during normal
incidence has been explained. By measuring of voltage-current
dependencies of YBa2Cu3O7-x cleavages at 4.2 K without point contact the
range of possible values of super conductive gap is determined. The
possibility to transfer silicon from Si (111) surface on STM tungsten
tip and backward has been demonstrated. The size of creating features is
ranged within 2-30 nanometers.

AIIIOAOeEss

I?yaeeei N.E. I?eiaiaiea neaie?othuae ooiiaeueiie iee?ineiiee aeey
eco/aiey no?oeoo?u iiaa?oiinoe i?iaiaeyueo oaa?aeuo oae. Aeenna?oaoeey
ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.18 — oeceea e oeiey iiaa?oiinoe, Einoeooo
iaoaeeioeceee IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Caueuaaony 3 iao/iuo ?aaiou e 1 aaoi?neia naeaeaoaeuenoai, niaea?aeaueo
?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee n iiiiuueth NOI ?aaeueiuo iiaa?oiinoae (110) e
(100) aieueo?aia, neieia iiaa?oiinoe aunieioaiia?aoo?iiai
naa?oi?iaiaeieea YBa2Cu3O7-x e i?ioeannia eeoia?aoe/aneie iiaeeoeeaoeee
iiaa?oiinoe Si(111) a oneiaeyo naa?oaunieiai aaeooia. Ia iniiaa eco/aiey
?aeueaoa iiaa?oiinoae iaueyniaia aiecio?iiey io?aaeaiey yeaeo?iiia
i?iaiaeeiinoe i?e ii?iaeueiii iaaeaiee io ?aaeueiuo iiaa?oiinoae (110) e
(100) aieueo?aia. Iin?aaenoaii ecia?aiey AAO neieia YBa2Cu3O7-x i?e
4.2E a oneiaeyo ionoonoaey oi/a/iiai eiioaeoa ii?aaeaeai aeeaiacii
aiciiaeiuo cia/aiee naa?oi?iaiaeyuae uaee. I?iaeaiiino?e?iaaia
aiciiaeiinoue ia?aiina e?aiiey n iiaa?oiinoe Si(111) ia aieueo?aiiaia
ino?ea e ia?aoii. Aeeaiacii ?acia?ia nicaeaaaaiuo iniaaiiinoae
ninoaaeyao 2-30 iaiiiao?ia.

EETH*IA? NEIAA

Neaioth/a ooiaeueia i?e?ineii?y, ooiaeueia niaeo?ineii?y,
iaiie?oia?ao?y.

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