2

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

I?NEssAeEIEIIII? INA?OE

?I. I.E. OOIEEA

Ie?caaa?aa Iaeey Aaaeoea?aia

OAeE 616.3:615.849.19:615.847

AEEI?ENOAIIss EACA?I- OA AEAEO?IIOIEOO?II?

?AOEAENIOA?AI?? O OAI?EO C

OEOIEIAI-NO?AAIO?AeIEI ?AOETHENII

14.01.02 3/4 aioo??oi? oai?iae

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

EE?A – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o oai?ia
Aeiaoeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo oa ia eaoaae??
?aoeaenioa?ai?? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII
Oe?a?ie, i?ioani? Ia/a?ao Aaaai?y Eaii?ae?aia, Ee?anueea iaaee/ia
aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a
?aoeaenioa?ai??, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaaei?ia E?ae?y sse?aia, eaoaae?a
n?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, i?ioani? eaoaae?e;

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaca? Iaaei Noaiaiiae/, Iaaee/iee
?inoeooo Oe?a?inueei? anioe?aoe?? ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie IIC Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a oa?ai??, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.
Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, eaoaae?a aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?2.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 24 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 11-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.613.01 i?e Ee?anuee?e
iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie
(254112, i.Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea 9, aoae. ?3).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie ( i.Ee?a,
aoe.Aei?iaiaeeoeueea 9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 21 ” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.613.01

eaiae. iaae. iaoe, aeioeaio
I.?. ?iiaiaiei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

Inoaii?i /anii o iaoio?c?ieia?? o?aaeaiiy aaeeeo oaaao i?eae?eaii
ooieoe?? cane?ieiaiai aia?aoa ? iaea?eueoa cii? ia?aoiaeo no?aaioiaeo a
oeoiie, ii?ooaiiy ooieoe?? yei? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiei ?aoethenii (ON?). ON? o?aiey?oueny aeineoue
/anoi, cie?aia, o oai?eo c iaoieia??th aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueii? ciie. I.I.
Eai?uaa ? ni?aaao. (1990) aeyaeee eiai o 20-60 % oai?eo
aano?iaioa?ieia?/iiai i?io?eth.

ON? ii?ooo? iniiaio ooieoe?th ieaeiueiai no?aaio?aeiiai no?ieoa?a,
ii?yae c oeei cieaeo?oueny /anoioa ia?enoaeueoe/ieo oaeeue no?aaioiaeo,
ui aeeeeeathoue iaeo?ae?caoe?th eeneiai oeoieiaiai nieo, ciaioothoueny
aeciethaaeueia ae?y neeco e neeie, noeneoth/a ae?y aioo??oiuei/a?aaiiai
oeneo ia ieaeith /anoeio no?aaioiaeo e e?eueoeaa? i’ycia? aieieia oeoiea
(E.?. Aaeea?, A.O. Iao?aiei; Ae.E. Oaioeaae/thoa, A.I. Aeoaian, 1986;
A.A. O?ieueeen, 1991).

A inoaii? ?iee cia/io oaaao i?eae?eaii aea/aiith ?ie? ON? o iaoiaaiac?
??cieo caoai?thaaiue i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy. Iacaaaeath/e ia iaai? oni?oe a
aaeoc? aea/aiiy ao?ieia??, iaoiaaiaco e ee?i?ee ON?, iii?oiiai i?ia?ano
a oa?ai?? oeueiai caoai?thaaiiy iiee ia aeinyaiooi. Oiio noathoue
aeioe?eueieie e aeooaeueieie iiooee ? ?ic?iaea iiaeo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy
ON?.

A iao /an o eiiieaen? e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a i?e caoai?thaaiiyo i?aai?a
o?aaeaiiy ana a?eueoa aeei?enoiaothoue ??ci? iaoiaee ?aoeaeoi?iiai
aieeao ia i?aai?ci. Iioe?aiiy io?eiaee iaoiaee, ui aieeaathoue ia
a?ieia?/ii aeoeai? oi/ee aeoioieoo?e (OA).

Aea/aiiy aeanoeainoae iecueeiaia?aaoe/iiai eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ui
i?iaeoeo?oueny aae?e-iaiiiaeie eaca?aie c aeiaaeeiith oaee? 632,8 ii,
aeiaaei iiaeeea?noue eiai canoinoaaiiy a iaaeeoeei? aeey ae?? ia OA
i?aai?cio eaca?iioieoo?e (?ithoei A.I., 1976; Iiaaeea? A.I. ? ni?aaao.,
1985, 1989; Aieeia A.A. ? ni?aaao., 1990; Naiinthe E.C. ? ni?aaao.,
1994, 1997; Ia/a?ao ?.E., 1995; Lundeberg T., et al., 1987).

Eaca?iioieoo?a ciaoiaeeoue ana oe?oa canoinoaaiiy, ia?o ca ana, i?ae /an
e?eoaaiiy caoai?thaaiue, a iniia? yeeo eaaeeoue ii?ooaiiy iae?inoaeeiii?
o?io?ee (iae?iaaii? e noaeeii? caoai?thaaiiy, caiaeuei? i?ioeane,
ii?ooaiiy iai?io) (Ia/a?ao .E. ? ni?aaao., 1989; 1991; 1995), a oaeiae
o?ii?/i? caoai?thaaiiy i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy (Iiaaeea? A.I. ? ni?aaao.,
1988;1989). Oea aecia/eei aea?? eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeey aieeao ia
OA i?e ?aoeaenioa?ai?? ON?.

Aeaeo?iioieoo?a ? iiaeeo?eaoe??th aeoioieoo?e. Aeine?aeaeaiiy Aia?aeee
A.A., Aia?aeee I.A. (1978; 1988), Oaaa?ai? Ae.I.(1982), Ia/a?ao ?.E.,
Naiinthea ?.C. (1982,1989), Ii?oiiaa O.A. (1987), Ia/a?ao .E., Ei?eooei
I.I. (1993), Bossy A. et al. (1980) iieacaee, ui aeaeo?iioieoo?a
aeicaiey? oeyoii oi/iiai eieaeueiiai iiae?aciaiiy oi/ie aeoioieoo?e
io?eiaoe caeiiii??i? i?noeaa? naaiaioa?i? ? caaaeuei? ?aaeoe??, ye?
caeaoi? ei?eaoaaoe ii?ooaiee noai i?aai?a ? eii?aeeioaaoe ?iaioo
i?aai?cio a oe?eiio.

Aiae?coth/e aaaaoie?oi?e aeina?ae canoinoaaiiy eaca?a e aeaeo?e/iiai
no?oio iaei? iai?oae i?e caoai?thaaiiyo aioo??oi?o i?aai?a, ie
ai?iaaaeeee oe? iaoiaee aieeao i?e e?eoaaii? oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiiai
?aoetheno.

A?aoiaoth/e ia iaeiini?yiiaai?noue oeeo iaoiae?a ?aoeaenioa?ai??, ie
ae??oeee aeei?enoaoe e iaa?oiooaaoe ii?aeiaio ae?th eaca?i- oa
aeaeo?iioieoo?e aeey aeinyaiaiiy aca?iiiioaioe?thaaeueiiai aoaeoo i?e
e?eoaaii? ON? (A.N. ? 98021013, iaoaio ? 23921).

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

?iaioa aoea aeeiiaia ca?aeii c iniiaieie ieaiaie
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei ?iaioe eaoaae?e ?aoeaenioa?ai?? Ee?anueei?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie
“?aoeaenioa?ai?y i?e caoai?thaaiiyo oeaio?aeueii? oa ia?eoa??eii?
ia?aiai? nenoaie“ (? Aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? EA01013676?).

Iaoa ? caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoa oe??? ?iaioe aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?cieueiaaii? oa ii?aeiaii?
eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?ii? ?aoeaenioa?ai?? oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiiai
?aoetheno.

Aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aeiaaaei ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

1. Aecia/aiiy aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aeei?enoaiiy eaca?i- oa
aeaeo?iioieoo?e o oai?eo ia ON?.

2. ?ic?iaea iaoiaee/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei canoinoaaiiy ?cieueiaaii? oa
ii?aeiaii? eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia
ON?.

3. Aea/aiiy oa?aeoa?o e nooiaiy ae?? eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e ia
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiee noai no?aaioiaeo e oeoiea.

4. Aecia/aiiy ci?i a?iaeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a oa oe??ii? oaiia?aoo?e a
i?ioean? eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e.

5. Aiae?c a?noiii?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?iioaoo, iaea?aeaiiai c?
no?aaioiaeo, oeoiea e aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei? eeoee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoa

1. Aia?oa aecia/aii aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia canoinoaaiiy e ni?yiiaai?noue ae??
eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e i?e e?eoaaii? ON?.

2. ?ic?iaeaii iiaee iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae o e?eoaaii? ON? ?c
canoinoaaiiyi ?cieueiaaii? oa ii?aeiaii? eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e a
eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ON?.

3. Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeaoaeoeai?oei ? ii?aeiaia canoinoaaiiy
eaca?i-aeaeo?iioieoo?e i?e e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ON?.

4. Oia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a e?eoaaiiy oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiiai
?aoetheno ?c canoinoaaiiyi ii?aeiaii? eaca?i-aeaeo?iioieoo?ii?
?aoeaenioa?ai?? (A.N. ?98021013, iaoaio ? 23921).

5. Aia?oa iieacaii, ui aoaeoeai?noue eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e
aeyaey?oueny a?eueo aenieith i?e aieea? ia OA c iaeneiaeueiei cia/aiiyi
a?iaeaeo?e/iiai iioaioe?aeo. Oea caaacia/oaaei a?eueo oe?eani?yiiaaiee
aieea ia iaoieia?/iee i?ioean, ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai i?aai?cio a
oe?eiio.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoa

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui a i?e aeiaaaeaii:
iiceoeaiee aieea ia ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy ?cieueiaaii oa iiaeiaii
eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ON?, a
oaeiae iaa?oioiaaii aeei?enoaiiy cia/aiue a?iaeaeo?e/iiai iioaioe?aeo OA
aeey ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?iioieoo?e ? eaca?iioieoo?e a
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ON?. Iieacaia aoaeoeai?noue
cai?iiiiiaaiiai eiiieaeno e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a aeeth/ii c iiaeiaiith
aeaeo?i- ? eaca?iioieoo?ith.

Iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue eiiieaeniiai ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo ia ON? c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?aioaaiieia?/iiai, aiaeineii?/iiai,
aeaeo?iaano?ia?ao?/iiai iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, aioo??oiueioeoieiai?
?I- iao???, a oaeiae aei??thaaiiy a?iaeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a OA ?
oaiia?aoo?e oe??e.

Aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeiaaaeaii, ui ii?aeiaia ae?y
eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e iioaioe?th? aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy ON?, a
ca’yceo c /ei iiaea oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaoeny a ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe?.

?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo niin?a e?eoaaiiy
oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiiai ?aoetheno ?c canoinoaaiiyi aeaeo?iioieoo?e
(?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueea i?iiiceoe?y ? 2936); niin?a e?eoaaiiy
oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiiai ?aoetheno ?c canoinoaaiiyi ii?aeiaii? eaca?i- oa
aeaeo?iioieoo?e (?aoe. i?ii. ? 2937); niin?a e?eoaaiiy
oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiiai ?aoetheno ?c canoinoaaiiyi eaca?iioieoo?e (?aoe.
i?ii. ? 2953); niin?a e?eoaaiiy ON? ia oe? ae?aceiai? oai?iae ?c
canoinoaaiiyi eaca?iioieoo?e (?aoe. i?ii. ? 2954) caoaa?aeaeaii A??Cii
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe. Ca iaoa??aeaie
aeena?oaoe?? Aea?aeaaiee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee oeaio? iaoaioii? aenia?oece
aeaeaa aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai ia aeiao?ae “Niin?a e?eoaaiiy
oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiiai ?aoetheno” ? 98021013, a Oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaieo
?a?no??a i?e Aea?aeaaiiio Iaoaioiiio A?aeiinoa? Oe?a?ie iaoaio ? 23921.

Aeaeai? aea? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ”Eaca?iioieoo?iay ?aoeaenioa?aiey
aieueiuo ycaaiiie aieaciueth aeaeoaeea e aeaaiaaeoeaoeia?noiie eeoee”
(Ni?aaaoi?e ?iooaiaaoia O.A., Aeoaiaaoia A.I.), “Eaca?i- oa
aeaeo?iioieoo?ia ?aoeaenioa?ai?y oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiiai ?aoethena”
(Ni?aaaoi? Ia/a?ao .E.).

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe uiaei ai?iaiaaiiai
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy ON? c canoinoaaiiyi iiaeiaii
aeaeo?i- ? eaca?ioa?ai? ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo e?eoaaiiy a
aano?iaioa?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?e? I?nueei? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? (IEE),
iaeanii? e?ea?i?, oa?aiaaoe/ieo i?aea?aeae?eao oa IV i?nueeeo ee?i?/ieo
e?ea?aiue i. Aeiaoe, iaeanieo e?ea?aiue i. AEaiaeea, Ecee-I?aee,,
aini?ic?aooieiai? e?ea?i? i. *eieaio, V i?nuee?e iie?ee?i?oe? i.
AEaiaeea, iaeani?e e?ea?i? i. Ea?aaaiaea, iaeani?e e?ea?i? i. Eeaa, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeoaie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii ?iaioe aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? ia eaoaae?? ?aoeaenioa?ai? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Caeiaoaa/ai i?iaaaeaii ee?i?ei- eaai?aoi?ia ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo, aea/ai?
aeoeai?noue a?iaeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a OA oa oe??ii oaiia?aoo?e a
i?ioean? ?aoeaenioa?ai?, i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c a?noiii?oieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?iioaoo, iaea?aeaiiai ?c no?aaioiaeo, oeoiea ?
aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei eeoee. Aeaia ioe?iea ?aioaaiieia?/iiai,
aiaeineii?/iiai, aeaeo?iaano?ia?ao?/iiai iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a
i?ioean? eiiieaenii oa?ai? oa iieaciee?a aioo??oiueioeoieiai pH-iao??.
C?iaeaiee noaoenoe/iee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee oa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny e
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo (i. Aeiaoe, 1993), ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? I?ae?aa?iiaeueii? anioe?aoe??
aano?iaioa?ieia?a “Ia?niaeoeai? i?iaeaie a aano?iaioa?ieia??” (i.
Iineaa, 1994), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iao?aaeeoe?ei?
iaoiaee ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy” (i. Ee?a, 1997), ia Oe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c ia?iaeii? oa iao?aaeeoe?eii?
iaaeeoeeie (i. Ee?a, 1998), ia ni?euei?e ia?aae? ni?a?ia?oiee?a eaoaae?e
i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o oai?ia ? ni?ai?aoe?aiee?a II IEE i. Aeiaoe (i.
Aeiaoe, 1995). Ai?iaaoe?th i?iaaaeaii ia ni?eueiiio ?icoe?aiiio
can?aeaii? eaoaae? ?aoeaenioa?ai??, aano?iaioa?ieia??, oa?ai?? oa
n?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe (04.07.1998).

Ioae?eaoe??.

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 11 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue, ?c ieo
2 noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 7 ?ia?o a ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 1
?iaioa o iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe??, 1 aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, caeeth/aiiy,
aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, ui i?noeoue 259
aeaea?ae e?oa?aoo?e. Aeena?oaoe?th aeeeaaeaii ia 139 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieno, i?i?ethno?iaaii 16 oaaeeoeyie e 3 iaethieaie, 16
ae?aa?aiaie, 6 a?ao?eaie.

Ci?no ?iaioe

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeeiai?/ieo ee?i?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ca 217
oai?eie ia ON?. Aoee i?iaaaeai? ?aioaaiieia?/i? oa
acioaaiaano?iaeoiaeaiineii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ii?oieia?/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii o 64 oai?eo; nooi?iue a?noieia?/ieo ci?i
ioe?ithaaee ca noeoii?noth iciae, cai?iiiiiaaieo A.N. Eia?iiaei ?
ni?aaao. (1981). Nae?aoi?ia ooieoe?y oeoiea aea/aeanue ani??aoe?eiei
iaoiaeii ca .N. ?enii (1988) oa iaoiaeii aioo??oiueioeoieiai? pH-iao???
ca aeiiiiiaith o?ueioaeaeo?iaeieo ciiae?a ? aoeeaeiaano?iiao?a AAI-01 c
eiii’thoa?iith i?enoaaeith a o?e?, ea?ae?? ? aio?aeueiiio a?aeae?e?
oeoiea a aaoiiaoe/iiio ?aaeei? o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei i?ia?aie
eiii’thoa?iiai eiiieaena “Aano?ineai”. Aeaeo?ia?ao?/ia ianoaaeaiiy
i?iaaaeaii ca aeiiiiiaith aia?aoa AAN-4I ca iaoiaeeeith A.I. Niaae?ia
(1978).

C iaoith aei??o a?iaeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a a OA canoiniaaii i?eeaae
AI-3. Aea/aiiy oe??ii? oaiia?aoo?e i?iaiaeeeinue ca aeiiiiiaith
iaaee/iiai oa?iiiao?a OAII-60.

Eaca?iioieoo?ia ?aoeaenioa?ai?y aoea i?iaaaeaia oeyoii ae?? ia oi/ee
aeoioieoo?e (OA) oe??e aae?e iaiiiaei eaca?ii oeio EA-75-1 c u?euei?noth
iiooaeiino? 10-15 iAo/ni2 aeiaaeeiith oaee? 632,8 ii (/a?aiia ae?eyiea
niaeo?a). I?ioeaaeo?e aeeiioaaeenue uiaeaiii c aeniiceoe??th 1-3
oaeeeie, eo?n e?eoaai- iy- 10-15 naain?a- o 61 oai?iai.
Aeaeo?iioieoo?ia ?aoeaenioa?ai?y aoea i?iaaaeaia o 59 oai?eo ca
aeiiiiiaith aia?aoo oeio “?aoeaen 3-01” iino?eiei no?oiii ??cii?
iiey?iino?, neea no?oio 200-500 ieA, o?eaae?noue ae?? a?ae 2 aei 20
oaeeei; eo?n e?eoaaiiy 10-15 i?ioeaaeo?. Ii?aeiaia
eaca?i-aeaeo?iioieoo?a i?iaaaeaia o 54 oai?eo ii cai?iiiiiaai?e iaie
iaoiaeeoe? (A.N. ?98021013, iaoaio ?23921). Eaca?iioieoo?ith aieeaaee ia
i?noeaa? OA 21 (nthaiue-oece), 13 (oaiue-aaiue), IN 5 (oecyiue-oe), A
25 (oyiue-oo), 14 (oecthe-oetha), aeaeo?iioieoo?ith- ia a?aeaeaeai? OA
caaaeueii? ae?? G 4 (oa-ao), A 36 (oeco-nai-e?), C 7 (oaiue-iaiue), TR 5
(aae-aoaiue), MC 6 (iae-aoaiue), RP 6 (nai-?iue-oecyi), RP 4
(aoiue-noiue), GI 11 (oie-/?), RP 8 (ae?-oec?).

Na?aae oai?eo aoei 164 /ieia?ee ? 53 ae?iee a?eii a?ae 18 aei 63 ?ie?a.
?o ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a on?o a?oiao niinoa?aaeaiiy aoei iaeiaeiaa.
O?eaae?noue caoai?thaaiiy eieeaaeany a?ae o?ueio oeaei?a aei 20 ?ie?a. O
a?eueoino? oai?eo, ye? niinoa??aaeenue, caoai?thaaiiy iaei ui??/i?
naciii? caaino?aiiy, a ca’yceo c /ei i?iaiaeeeiny iaiaeii?aciaa
iaaeeeaiaioicia e?eoaaiiy o noaoe?iia?ieo oiiaao. Na?aae 217 oai?eo
oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiee ?aoethen ye iniiaia caoai?thaaiiy aoei aeyaeaii a
41 (18,9%), o?ii?/iee acioaa?o o 59 (27,2%), ae?aceiaa oai?iaa oeoiea o
44 (20,3%), ae?aceiaa oai?iaa aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei? eeoee – o 73 (33,6%), o
oai?eo inoaii?o o?ueio a?oi ae?aaiic ON? aoa aeiaeaoeiaee. A on?o oai?eo
aeyaeaii o?ii?/iee aano?eo, a on?o ianoaaeaieo c aeaai?noth
caoai?thaaiiy ia ON? a?eueoa 3-o ?ie?a aiaeineii?/ii aeyaeyeeny iciaee
?aoethen-acioaa?oo.

Caeaaeii a?ae iaoiaeo e?eoaaiiy oai?? aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia 4 a?oie:

1 ee?i?/ia a?oia 61 ianoaaeaiee, on?i i?iaaaeaii eo?n eaca?iioieoo?ii?
?aoeaenioa?ai??;

2 ee?i?/ia a?oia 59 oai?eo, yeei i?iaaaeaii eo?n aeaeo?iioieoo?ii?
?aoeaenioa?ai??;

3 ee?i?/ia a?oia 54 ianoaaeaieo, yeei i?iaaaeaii eo?n ii?aeiaii?
eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?ii? ?aoeaenioa?ai??;

4 ee?i?/ia a?oia aoea eiio?ieai, aei ia? oa?eoee 43 oai?eo, ui
io?eioaaee eiiieaenio iaaeeeaiaioicio oa?ai?th.

O oai?eo niinoa??aaeeny oae? ee?i?/i? neiioiie : aieueiaee neiae?ii (o
62,8% niinoa?aaeaiue), ui iaa oa?aeoa?io eieae?caoe?th ca a?oaeieiith oa
a ai?aano??? c ???aae?aoe??th o oeth, nieio, i?aeeiiaoeiao ae?eyieo. sse
i?aaeei, aie? aeieeaee ia??iaee/ii, iineethth/enue i?ney ?ae?, i?ae /an
o?ce/iiai iai?oaeaiiy, e iaee iaeo/ee aai aeaaey/ee oa?aeoa?. Iaea?eueo
oeiiaei neiioiiii o oai?eo ia ON? aoea ia/?y, ui o?aieyeany o 89,4 %
niinoa?aaeaiue. Iae/ano?oa aiia i?iyaeyeanue ia oe? a?ia?nae?aoe??
oei?enoiaiaeiaai? eeneioe ? aoea iaoiiaeaia iaine/iei aieeaii ai?noo
oeoiea ia neeciao iaieiieo no?aaioiaeo, oi/a aeyaeyeany e i?ae /an
a?iiaoeeaeieo noai?a. I?e oeueiio aiia iaea o?eaaeee ? no?eeee oa?aeoa?,
ui, i/aaeaeii, caeaaeaei a?ae o?eaaeino? eiioaeoo ai?noo oeoiea c?
neeciaith no?aaioiaeo. ?aao?a?oaoe?y (c?eaoaaiiy) a 45,1% ? a?ae?eaeea o
65,8% niinoa?aaeaiue aoee ia iaio oa?aeoa?ieie iciaeaie ON?.

?aao?a?oaoe?y aoea iane?aeeii aenieiai ON?, ui aeioiaeea aei ?ioiai?
ii?iaeieie. O?aaa cacia/eoe, ui a?ae?eaeea iia?o?yi niinoa??aaeanue o
39,9%, a?ae?eaeea eeneei o 27,3%, a?ae?eaeea ?aeath a 7,6%,
ianoaaeoaaieo oai?eo. sse a?ae?eaeea, oae ? c?eaoaaiiy /anoi iaee i?noea
i?ney i?eeiio ?ae? e i?iaieoaaeeny o?ce/iei iai?oaeaiiyi,
ai?eciioaeueiei iieiaeaiiyi o?ea. Oea, ye i?aaeei, noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny
aieueiaei neiae?iiii. A?ae/oooy ia/??, yea aoei iii?/aii a ai?aano??? o
33,6% e ca a?oaeieiith a 31,8% iaoeo niinoa?aaeaiue, /anoi aeieeaei
i?ney ?ae? oa ?iiae? – aii/?. Ioaeioa o?aieyeany a 47,0% aeiaaee?a.
Aeenoaa?th ye neiioii iaaeinoaoiino? ea?ae??, ui ?? i?e/eiith aoa
acioaainiaci o cii? acioaa?oo e iayai?noue caiaeueiiai iaa?yeo neeciai?
iaieiiee no?aaioiaeo, ie aeyaeyee a 15,6% niinoa?aaeaiue. Aethaioa aoea
a 4.1%, caeoooy aeeaioa a 23,5% iaoeo niinoa?aaeaiue, caii? o 44,2%
aeiaaee?a. O aaaaoueio oai?eo o ia??iae caaino?aiiy ia?aaaaeaa
i?eai?/aiee iano??e (44,7%), ae?aoeea?noue (57,1%), iiaaiee nii (21,6%),
i?oeea?noue (22,1%), cieaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? (39,6 %).

Iiaeeeai, iae?iaaaaoaoeai? ?iceaaee aoee ioneiaei ?iioeuenii o ?icaeoeo
ON?.

Eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? iieacaee ii?iaeueio
e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a ? ??aaiue aaiiaeia?io a on?o oai?eo, a?eueo
i?ae a iieiaeie ianoaaeoaaieo (57,6 %) niinoa??aaany eaeeioeeoic a?ae
9,0 aei 15*10 9/e, ui aoei a?aeaeca?eaeaiiyi caiaeueiiai i?ioeano a
neecia?e ciie oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiiai ia?aoiaeo.

A a?io?i?/ieo aiae?cao e?ia? ia iii?/aii ci?ie e?eueeino? caaaeueiiai
a?eea, a i?ioa?iia?ai? aeyaeaii aeeni?ioa?iai?th o a?e a?aeiiniiai
ca?eueoaiiy aaeeeiaeenia?nieo o?aeoe?e, aaoa-aeiaoe?ie neeaee 14.8±1%,
aaia-aeiaoe?ie 24.1±1,3%, aeueoa-aeiaoe?ie cieaeai? aei 3,7±0,3%, ui
iaaii, oaeiae iia’ycaii c aeoeai?noth caiaeueiiai i?ioeano.

Aiae?c aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?ai iieacaa, ui o a?eueoino? oai?eo (85,7 %),
/anoioa na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue aoea ii?iaeueia, neioniaa oao?ea?ae?y
niinoa??aaeany a 11,9 % oai?eo, neioniaa a?aaeeea?ae?y o 2,3 %.
Ii?ooaiiy ?eoio na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue aeyaeai? ia aoee.

Iieacieee a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo o cia/ii? e?eueeino? ianoaaeoaaieo
caa??aaeenue a iaaeao ii?iaeueieo cia/aiue, aea i?inoaaeoaaeany aeayea
ianoae?noue, iii?oia eeoa a ii??aiyii? ?o c aeo?aeieie iieacieeaie.
Iaiaaia, ooieoe?iiaeueia iano?ee?noue e?iaiia?ao iia’ycaia c
i?aeaeuaiith caoaei?noth aeueo aaaaoaoeaieo a?aeae?e?a ia?aiai? nenoaie.

O 35,9 % oai?eo niinoa??aaeanue a?oa??aeueia a?iioaic?y, o 37,3 %
ianoaaeoaaieo aiie?ooaea eieeaaiiy a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo iaea
oaiaeaioe?th aei a?oa??aeueii? a?ia?oaic??. Iae?ioee?eoeyoi?ia aeenoii?y
i?e ON? o?aieyeiny aeiaie? /anoi 72,3 % aeiaaee?a. I?e oeueiio
iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe ia?aaaao nea?a ia ae?ao?aeea?noue 37,1 %,
a?ae/oooy no?aoo oa aioo??oiuei? o?eaiae 21,6 %, i?eai?/aiiai iano?ith
44,7%.

Aiae?c eaeo ia i?eoiaaio e?ia aoa iiceoeaiei o 31 oai?iai (14,3%),
iaaaoeaiei o 186 (85,7%).

Ii?iaeueia iana o?ea aoea o 119 (54,8%), i?aeaeuaia 37 (17,1%), oa a 61
(28,1%) oai?eo aaaa aoea cieaeaiith.

Ee?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie e i?noeei a
nia? aea/aiiy nea?a, aiaiiaco, caaaeueiiai noaoono.

Aeey iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy aiaiiaco e iniaeeainoae ee?i?/ii?
neiioiiaoeee aeei?enoiaoaaee niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeai? ia?oiea?oe
niinoa?aaeaiiy c aieaoith.

?ino?oiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeaeiny c aiaeineii?/iiai,
?aioaaiieia?/iiai, aeaeo?iaano?ia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiue oa
aeine?aeaeaiue nae?aoi?ii? ooieoe?? oeoiea, aioo??oiueioeoieiai?
?I-iao???, aei??thaaiiy a?iaeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a oe??e e oaiia?aoo?e
oe??e.

Iaoaiaoe/ia ii?aoethaaiiy iaea?aeaieo aeaieo i?noeei a nia? ?ic?aooiie
na?aaei?o aaee/ei I, aecia/aiiy na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/iiai a?aeoeeo e
na?aaeiuei? iioeaee. Ia/eneaii e?eoa??e Nouethaeaioa e aecia/aii
iaae?eiee ?ioa?aae aeey cia/aiue iieaciee?a (I±m) (Aioii A., 1982; Aoeoe
A., Aecai N., 1982; ?aaiia TH.?., Iiai?aethe I.I., 1990). Iaoaiaoe/ia
ii?aoethaaiiy aoei aeeiiaii a Eac. IAe? aeiiii?ee ia AII ?AI-486 AO e
aeaeo?iiiiio i?ia?aiiaiio i?e?ieaeueeoeyoi?? IE-56 a?aeiia?aeii aei
i?aaee aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy

?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy oa?aiaaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? eaca?iioieoo?e o oai?eo
ia ON? aeicaieeee c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui eaca?iioieoo?a ? aenieiaoaeoeaiei
iaoiaeii e?eoaaiiy ON?, iniaeeai i?ae /an canoinoaaiiy eiai ia oe?
o?aaeeoe?eii? iaaeeeaiaioicii? oa?ai??, a oaeiae o ii?aeiaii? c
aeaeo?iioieoo?ith. Canoinoaaiiy eaca?iioieoo?e a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii?
ni?ey? aeoaea oaeaeeiio cieeiaiith aieueiaiai e aeeniaine/iiai
neiae?ii?a, ii?iae?caoe?? ineoi-aiioe?eiiai noaoono.

I?e oeueiio o?aaa cacia/eoe, ui canoinoaaiiy eaca?iioieoo?e, yea ia?
aaeeeee iiceoeaiee aoaeo (o 85,2% aeiaaee?a) ii??aiyii c
iaaeeeaiaioiciith oa?ai??th (69,8% aeiaaee?a), ? a?eueo aoaeoeaia, eiee
aiii ? aeaiaioii eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? a ii?aeiaii? c aeaeo?iioieoo?ith,
ine?eueee i?e oeueiio iiceoeaiee aoaeo c?inoa? aei 92,6% aeiaaee?a, ?,
ye na?ae/aoue iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ianoa? iie?ioaiiy
iioi?ii-aaaeoaoi?ii? ooieoe?? oeoiea oa no?aaioiaeo, ii?iae?caoe?y
eeneioioai?ii? oa eeneioiiaeo?ae?coth/i? ooieoe?e oeoiea.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ciaeaeaii, ui ia’?i oeoieiaiai
nieo iaoua i?e ON? aoa i?aeaeuaiee o 66,7%. Ii?yae c oei, o 14,6% oai?eo
aoa iaoua a?iiaoeeaeiee noai, ii?iaoeeaeiee noai — o 8,0 % oa
a?aenooi?noue oei?enoiaiaeiaai? eeneioe — o 10,7%. A oe?eiio, ii a?oi?
oai?eo ia ON? ia’?i nae?aoe?? oa ??aaiue eeneioii?iaeoeoe?? o 2,5-3 ?ace
ia?aaeuoaaa ii?iaeuei? iieacieee.

I?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy nae?aoi?ii? oa eeneioai?ii? ooieoe?? aei
e?eoaaiiy niinoa??aaeany a?ia?ooieoe?y aieiaieo caeic oeoiea, ui aoea
iaeiaeiai ae?aaeaia a on?o /ioe?ueio a?oiao oai?eo. Ca?eueoaiiy
“aiaeeiiiai” iai?oaeaiiy noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny oaeiae ca?eueoaiiyi
eiioeaio?aoe?? oei?enoiaiaeiaai? eeneioe a oeoieiaiio nioe?. A
ianoaaeaieo oai?eo ia ON? /ano?oa o?aiey?oueny i?aeaeuaia nae?aoi?ia
ooieoe?y oeoieiaeo caeic (?<0,01). Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui i?ae aieeaii eaca?iioieoo?e cieaeaiiy “aiaeeiiiai” iai?oaeaiiy a ie/aiae. c 86,9±1,52 aei 59,7±1,28 (?0,001) aoei aenieia??ia?aeiei, i?ney aeaeo?iioieoo?e iii?/aii cieaeaiiy c 86,0±2,59 aei 69,4±2,54 (?0,001), i?ney ii?aeiaii? eaca?i-aeaeo?iioieoo?e c 79,0±3,08 aei 60,8±1,30 (?0,001) ? a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? – c 92,0±2,41 aei 73,3±2,81 (?0,01). Aeine?aeaeoth/e ON?, iaiao?aeii caaaeaoe ia eeneioi?noue ai?noo oeoiea, ui, iiaeeeai, caeeaea?oueny a no?aaio?ae. Nooi?iue cieaeaiiy oeoieiaiai eeneioiooai?aiiy i?ney eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e aaaaea?oueny aieiaiei iieacieeii aoaeoeaiino? oeeo iaoiae?a. Ca ii/aoeiai? i?aeaeuaii? eeneioioai?ii? ooieoe?? oeoiea /?oei ciaiooaaany aiaeeiiee aeaa?o a?eueii? oei?enoiaiaeiaai? eeneioe. Oae, i?ney eaca?iioieoo?e aeaa?o oei?enoiaiaeiaai? eeneioe ciaiooaaany c 4,36±0,23 aei 3,74±0,12 iaea/aiae. (?0,01), i?ney aeaeo?iioieoo?e – c 4,26±0,19 aei 3,58±0,15 (?0,01), i?ney ii?aeiaii? eaca?i-aeaeo?iioieoo?e c 4,23±0,26 aei 3,5±0,18 (?0,05), oei /anii ye o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? cieaeaiiy aeaa?oo oei?enoiaiaeiaai? eeneioe c 4,42±0,31 aei 3,83±0,18 (?0,05) aoei iaa??ia?aeiei. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy nae?aoi?ii? oa eeneioai?/i? ooieoe?? oeoiea i?ney e?eoaaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i ciaioaiiy ooai?aiiy oei?enoiaiaeiaai? eeneioe i?ae aieeaii aeeeaaeaieo aeua iaoiaeee e?eoaaiiy. Caaaeueia eeneioi?noue a??ia?aeii cieaeoaaeany i?ney eaca?iioieoo?e c 48,6±1,72 aei 39,6±1,48 iaea/e (?0,01), i?ney aeaeo?iioieoo?e c 56,8±2,93 aei 46,0±1,81 (?0,02) oa i?ney ii?aeiaiiai aieeao c 45,7±1,42 aei 39,4±1,54 (?0,01), a a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? cieaeaiiy caaaeueii? eeneioiino? c 46,5±1,29 aei 43,2±1,32 (?0,10) aoei iacia/iei. Ioiae, eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?ia ?aoeaenioa?ai?y /?oei aieeaa? ia nae?aoe?th oeoiea, ui aeyaey?oueny ciaioaiiyi “aiaeeiiiai” iai?oaeaiiy nae?aoe??, cieaeaiiyi caaaeueii? eeneioiino? e aeaa?oo oei?enoiaiaeiaai? eeneioe o ai?no? oeoiea. Aioo??oiueioeoieiaa ?I-iao??y aeyaeea, ui ia oii? aeaeiiiainiaaiiai eeneioiooai?aiiy iieacieee ?I o?ea oa aio?aeueiiai a?aeae?eo oeoiea iaee i?i?iaeuei? ?ica?aeiino?, ui na?ae/eei i?i ae?aci? ii?ooaiiy caoenii? ooieoe?? neeciooai?aiiy a aio?aeueiiio a?aeae?e? oeoiea. I?ae /an aioo??oiueioeoieiai? ?I-iao??? aoei aeyaeaii, ui i?i?iaeueiee ?I o?ea oeoiea a??ia?aeii cieaeoaaany i?ney aeaeo?iioieoo?e e iniaeeai – i?ney eaca?i-aeaeo?iioieoo?e, a aiie?ooaea eieeaaiue ?I ea?ae?? (iieaciee ON?) c?inoaea. Eeneioiiaeo?ae?coth/a ooieoe?y a?eueoa c?inoaea i?ney eaca?iioieoo?e e iii??ii ci?ithaaeany i?ney ?ioeo aeae?a e?eoaaiiy. Cieaeaiiy eeneioiooai?aiiy o 1-?e oac? nae?aoe?? na?ae/eoue i?i ii?iae?caoe?th iniiaieo iae?iaoii?aeueieo iaoai?ci?a ?aaoeyoe??. Oeae aoaeo aaaeeeaee i?e e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ON? ia oe? ae?aceiai? oai?iae, ai cieaeaiiy eeneioiooai?aiiy iaoua ni?ey? cieaeaiith aa?aneaieo aeanoeainoae oeoieiaiai nieo ia neeciao iaieiieo oeoiea. Eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?a cieaeo? ??aaiue eeneioiino? ae?eyiee o?ea e aio?aeueiiai a?aeae?eo, ui iiaeia iia’ycaoe ?c ciaioaiiyi eeneioii?iaeoeoe?? e iie?ioaiiyi ooieoe?? aeciethaaiiy. Aea/aiiy noeioeueiaaiiai iaioaaano?eiii eeneioiooai?aiiy oaeiae aeaiiino?o? ni?eyoeea? ci?ie o oai?eo a?oie ii?aeiaiiai e?eoaaiiy- niinoa??aaeinue cieaeaiiy /ooeeaino? eeneioii?iaeoeoth/i? nenoaie oeoiea ia aaaaeaiiy iaioaaano?eio (? 0,05). *?eueia i?noea a aeine?aeaeaiiyo iin?aeaei aea/aiiy a?iaeaeo?e/ii? aeoeaiino? oeoiea ye ?ioaa?aoeaiiai iieacieea eiai ?ooiai? ooieoe??. Aeaeo?iaano?ia?ao?y (AAA) i?aeoaa?aeeea o/anoue a?ia?e?iaoe/ieo ii?ooaiue ooieoe?? oeoiea a aaiac? aieth, i?ae /an yeiai ?a?no?oaaee aenieiaiie?ooaei? eieeaaiiy a?iiioaioe?ae?a. A i?ioean? eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e iinooiiaa ii?iae?caoe?y iniaeeai iii?oia i?e ii/aoeiaeo a?ia?e?iaoe/ieo noaiao. Iao? niinoa?aaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ci?ia a?iaeaeo?e/ii? aeoeaiino? a?aeaoaa?oueny a?ae?aco i?ney ae?? eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e. Aoaeo noeioeyoe?? aai i?eai?/aiiy a?iaeaeo?e/ii? aeoeaiino? oeoiea i?e eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?? iia’ycaiee c caeo/aiiyi a ?aoeaeoi?io ?aaeoe?th ia?aneiiaoe/iiai ia?aiaiai aia?aoo, ui caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaio ?ooiao ooieoe?th, aai neiiaoe/ieo ooai?aiue aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, ui ?? aaeueiothoue. A ia??iae caaino?aiiy o 61,4% oai?eo anoaiiaeaii iineeaiiy iioi?eee aei a?ia?e?iaco. I?e ON? ia oe? ae?aceiai? oai?iae oeoieo iineeaiee oei iioi?eee aoa a?aecia/aiee o 33,3% oai?eo, a i?e ON? ia oe? ae?acee aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei? eeoee iineeaiiy iioi?ii? ooieoe?? oeoieo a?aecia/aii o 58,7% oai?eo. Nooo?aei ? oie oaeo, ui o oai?eo c o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy 1-6 ?ie?a a 70% aeiaaeeao aoei ciaeaeaii iineeaiiy ia?enoaeueoe/ii? aeoeaiino?. I?e a?eueo o?eaaeiio caoai?thaaii? ca?eueooaaeiny /enei aeiaaee?a c? cieaeaiith iioi?iith ooieoe??th oeoieo (na?aaei?e a?iiioaioe?ae 0,250,015iA) oa ciaiooaaeanue e?euee?noue a?ia?e?iaoe/ieo oei?a iioi?eee. O 17,7% aeine?aeaeoaaieo oai?eo iciaee ii?ooaiue iioi?ii? ooieoe?? caa??aaeenue aei iiiaioo caaa?oaiiy eo?no e?eoaaiiy. Oae, i?ney eaca?iioieoo?e iii?oii a??ia?aeia cieaeaiiy aiie?ooaee a?iiioaioe?ae?a oeoiea c 0,53±0,04 aei 0,39±0,04 (?0,001), i?ney aeaeo?iioieoo?e c 0,53±0,04 aei 0,37±0,02 (?0,001), i?ney ii?aeiaii? eaca?iaeaeo?iioieoo?e c 0,49±0,05 aei 0,37±0,02 (?0,05), oei /anii ye a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? cieaeaiiy aiie?ooaee a?iiioaioe?ae?a c 0,39±0,04 aei 0,37±0,03 (?0,05) aeyaeeiny iaa??ia?aeiei. Oaeei /eiii, eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?a nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia iioi?io ooieoe?th oeoiea o oai?eo ia ON?, yea ia? /?oeo oaiaeaioe?th aei ii?iae?caoe??. Aea/aiiy noaio neeciai? iaieiiee no?aaioiaeo, oeoiea e aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei? eeoee iaoiaeii acioaaiaano?iaeoiaeaiineii?? (aia?ao “Olympus” iiaeaeue GIF-K) aeicaieeei c’ynoaaoe, ui a a?eueoino? oai?eo (56, 6%) aoei aeyaeaii ?aoethen-acioaa?o, ae?acee oeoiea (20,3%), ae?acee aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei? eeoee (33,6%). Noiooi?e aano?eo aeyaeaii a on?o oai?eo, aeoiaeai?o o 21,1%. A??ia?aeio ??cieoeth i?ae a?oiaie ia anoaiiaeaii. sse a?aeiii, aeeiai?ea ee?i?/ii? ea?oeie oai?iae ia caaaeaee a?aeaeaa? iiceoeaio aeeiai?eo aiaeineii?/ieo ci?i, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey no?aaio?aeii-oeoieiaiai ?aoetheno. Oiio ii?oieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui i?iaiaeeeeny a i?ioean? eo?no e?eoaaiiy, iaee aeey ian iniaeeaee ?ioa?an. A?noieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy a?iioao?a neeciai? iaieiiee no?aaioiaeo, oeoiea e aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei? eeoee i?aeoaa?aeeei iaaaoeaiee aieea ON? ia ii?oieia?/iee noai neeciai?. Noiooi?e aano?eo aeyaeaii a on?o oai?eo, aea iaea?eueo a?i aoa ae?aciee o oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao. Aeey ii??aiyiiy iaea?aeaieo i?e a?noieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeaieo (ee?oeiia ?io?eueo?aoe?y, ci?ie caeic oeoiea, ciaioaiiy ?o e?eueeino?, iaoaieac?y, ?ic?inoaiiy niieo/ii? oeaieie) aeae?eaii ii?oieia?/i? oi?ie acioaa?oo ca?aeii c eeaneo?eaoe??th Eia?iiaa I.N. (1981). Ii?yae c ao?io??th caeicenoiai aia?aoa neeciai? iaieiiee oeoiea iii?/aii i?eai?/aiiy eeneioiooa??ii? ooieoe?? ? ca?eueoaiiy ?ici???a ae?acie. Iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui oi/ na?aaei? noaoenoe/i? aaee/eie e a?aeaeaaee oaeo ea?oeio, i?ioa oeae ia?aeae?ci aoa iii?/aiee ia a on?o eiie?aoieo niinoa?aaeaiiyo. Aiaeineii?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?iaaaeaii iaie o an?o 217 oai?eo ia ON?. Caaaeath/e ia eiai ?acoeueoaoe, ie iiae?eeee acioaa?o ia 4 nooiaiy aaaeeino?: eaaeee, na?aaeiuei? aaaeeino?, aaaeeee oa iaine/io no?eeoo?o; a?aoiaoaaee ? ooieoe?iiaeuei? ci?ie c aieo no?iee no?aaioiaeo oa ea?ae??. I?e eaaeiio ?aoethen- acioaa?o?, yeee aoa o 53,4% oai?eo, niinoa??aaeenue iaa?ye ? a?ia?ai?y neeciai? iaieiiee no?aaioiaeo, ia?aaaaeii a ieaei?e eiai o?aoei?. ?aoethen- acioaa?o na?aaeiuei? aaaeeino? ia? i?iyae o aeaeyae? ae?aaeaii? a?ia?ai?? ? iaa?yeo neeciai? iaieiiee. Caiaeuei? ci?ie eieae?coaaeenue ia?aaaaeii a ieaei?e ? ??aeoa - a na?aaei?e o?aoei? no?aaioiaeo. Acioaa?o na?aaeiuei? aaaeeino? aoa o 36,4% oai?eo. Aaaeeee ?aoethen- acioaa?o aoa o 8,8% oai?eo. A ieaei?e o?aoei? no?aaioiaeo niinoa??aaeenue /eneaii? a?ic?? ? ae?acee, ae?eo? o?a?eiiciei iaeueioii ? iae?ioe/ieie ie?aeaie. Iaine/ia no?eeoo?a no?aaioiaeo niinoa??aaeanue o 1,4% oai?eo. I?e ?aioaaiieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? ?aoethen aa???ai? iane c oeoiea a no?aaio?ae niinoa??aaany o 72,9% iaoe??io?a o aa?oeeaeueiiio iieiaeaii? ? a iaeaea a on?o aeiaaeeao - a ai?eciioaeueiiio iieiaeaii?. ?aoethen- acioaa?o ?aioaaiieia?/ii aoa cao?eniaaiee o 37,5% oai?eo. Aiae?coth/e ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy, ie cacia/eee, ui oa?i?ie onoiaiiy ?aoetheno caeaaeaoue a?ae niiniao e?eoaaiiy ON?. Oae, iaeni?eyoeea?o? ?acoeueoaoe iaea?aeaii a o?ao?e a?oi?, oai?? yei? aoee ia ii?aeiaiiio iaoiae? e?eoaaiiy. Oaeei /eiii, iaoiae ii?aeiaii? eaca?i-aeaeo?iioieoo?e ia? ae?acio ?aia?aoeaio ae?th i?e an?o oi?iao ia?aa?ao oai?iae. Ine?eueee canoiniaoaai? iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy ae?yee ia iaai? oi/ee aeoioieoo?e, a?io?ce/i? i?ioeane a ieo aea/aeenue aeine?aeaeaiiyi a?iaeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a ? oaiia?aoo?e oe??e. Ee?i?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy iieacaee, ui i?ney i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy noai iie?ioeany o 89,4% oai?eo. Oea iie?ioaiiy aeyaeyeiny o cieeiaii? /e ciaioaii? aieueiaiai neiae?iio, aeeniaine/ieo yaeuao. A?aeaoeeny cia/i? ci?ie iieaciee?a AAA ? nae?aoe?? oeoiea. I?e?iaeiuei, aeieeaei caieoaiiy, ca ?aooiie /iai aeieea? e?eoaaeueiee aoaeo i?ae /an canoinoaaiiy oeeo e?eoaaeueieo /eiiee?a. Uia yeeinue /eiii a?aeiia?noe ia oea caieoaiiy, ie i?iaiae?coaaee aeeiai?eo iieaciee?a a?iiioaioe?ae?a ? oaiia?aoo?e oe??e a oi/eao ae??. I/aaeaeii, aecia/aiiy oeeo a?io?ce/ieo iieaciee?a iiaea aeaoe eeoa aaeueie a?aeiinio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i neeaaeiee ? ua aei e?ioey ia aea/aiee iaoai?ci ae?? aia?a?? iiiio?iiaoe/iiai eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy e aeaeo?e/iiai no?oio iaei? iai?oae ia i?aai?ci. I?ioa, oa?aeoa? ni?yiiaaiino? ci?i iieaciee?a a?iiioaioe?ae?a ? oaiia?aoo?e oe??e ?«a OA aeicaiey? aeneiaeoe iaaio aeoieo i?i aieea oeeo iiaeo o?ce/ieo /eiiee?a ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai i?aai?cio. sse iieacaee iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ci?ia a?iiioaioe?ae?a a?aeaoaaeany o aeineoue aaeeeeo iaaeao (a?ae 46 aei 160 iA), ? a aeiaeiiai oai?iai oey aaee/eia ia aoea aeecueeith aei ii?iaeueii?. Iaeieae/? aaee/eie a?iiioaioe?ae?a iii?/aii o oai?eo ia ON? c o?ii?/iei acioaa?oii (49,3±7,02 iA), ui ia 23,9% edeae/a, i?ae o oaeeo oai?eo ia oe? ae?aceiai? oai?iae (?0,05). Ie??i oiai, aeyaeaii /?oe? aneiao??? aeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a. Ioaea, iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?iaeaeo?e/ii? aeoeaiino? oe??e na?ae/aoue i?i ii?ooaiiy ooioe?iiaeueiiai noaio aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie oai?eo ia ON?. ?acoeueoaoe niinoa?aaeaiue iieacaee, ui eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?a aieeaa? ia noai a?iaeaeo?e/ii? aeoeaiino? oe??e. I?ney eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy iii?/aii a??ia?aeia cieaeaiiy (?<0,01) a?iiioaioe?ae?a o 49,2% oai?eo ia ON?, a a 50,8% ca?eueoaiiy (?<0,05). O ia??iae cieaeaiiy aaee/ei iioaioe?ae?a oe??e, oiaoi ia 5-6 aeaiue e?eoaaiiy, o a?eueoino? oai?eo aoei iii?/aii iciaee ee?i?/iiai iie?ioaiiy noaio. Aei e?ioey eo?no e?eoaaiiy o a?eueoino? oai?eo a?iiioaioe?aee oe??e cieceeeny aei ii?iaeueieo aaee/ei, a oaeiae niinoa??aaeiny cia/ia ae??aithaaiiy aeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a ia neiao?e/ieo ae?eyieao oe??e. Oaeei /eiii, cieaeaiiy (o aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao ii?iae?caoe?y) aeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a e onoiaiiy a?iaeaeo?e/ii? aneiao???, i/aaeaeii, iia’ycaia c a?aeiiaeaiiyi ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, cie?aia, aiane?aeie i?aeaeuaiiy ooieoe?? neiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?eo. I?ae aieeaii eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e aeyaeeanue iaaia caeiiii??i?noue o oa?aeoa?? ci?i iieaciee?a oaiia?aoo?e oe??e, yea caeaaeaea, ye a?ae ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy oaiia?aoo?e, oae ? a?ae ae?aaeaiino? e?eoaaeueiiai aoaeoo. O i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy o a?eueoino? oai?eo niinoa??aaeanue oaiia?aoo?ia ?aaeoe?y ia ae?th eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e, yea iineea oaciaee oa?aeoa?. Oaca cieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e ci?iyeany o iiaeaeueoiio oacith ?? i?aeaeuaiiy, iio?i iaaiaee. O ia??iae i?aeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e noai oai?eo iie?iooaaany- ciaiooaaeeny aie?, aeeniaine/i? yaeua, a a ia??iae cieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e iii?/aii iia??oaiiy noaio, ui i?iyaeeiny iineeaiiyi aieueiaiai neiae?iio e aeeniaine/ieo yaeu. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ney eo?niaiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo iieacaee, ui cieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e oe??e iii?/aii oai, aea aei e?eoaaiiy oaiia?aoo?a aoea a?aeiinii aeniea e, iaaiaee, i?aeaeuaiiy a?aeaoeiny oai, aea ii/aoeiaa oaiia?aoo?a aoea a?aeiinii iecueea. Ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai ie aaaaea?ii, ui ae?th eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e ia ON? iiaeia ioe?ithaaoe ye oaeo, ui eiai ?aaoeth? e ii?iae?co? ca aeiiiiiaith ia?aiai-?aoeaeoi?iiai e iae?iaoii?aeueiiai iaoai?ci?a. Aeniiaee 1. Oai?? ia ON? c iaoith i?aaeeueiiai aeai?o iaoiaeo e ianyao e?eoaaiiy i?aeeyaathoue eiiieaeniiio ianoaaeaiith, ui i?noeoue a nia? iaia’yceiaa aea/aiiy ooieoe?? o?c?ieia?/ii? ea?ae?? c aiae?cii aeaieo ee?i?/iiai, ?aioaaiieia?/iiai, aiaeineii?/iiai, ii?oi-a?noieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiue, ?c a?aooaaiiyi iioi?ii-aaaeoaoi?ii? e nae?aoi?ii? ae?yeueiino? oeoiea. 2. Ii?aeiaia eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?a iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia ON?, ui, iaaii, iaoiiaeaii ii?iae?coth/ith ae??th oe??? oa?ai?? ia nae?aoi?io ? iioi?io ooieoe?? oeoiea oa ii?oieia?/i? ci?ie neeciai? iaieiiee no?aaioiaeo ? oeoiea. 3. Iaea?eueo ae?aciee e?eoaaeueiee aoaeo i?ae /an e?eoaaiiy ON? iiaea aooe iaea?aeaiee i?e aeei?enoaii? ii?aeiaii? eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?ii? ?aoeaenioa?ai??. 4. I?e aecia/aii? eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?iiai aieeao aea?? oi/ie i?iaiaeeany c o?aooaaiiyi i?ia?aeieo iaoiaaiaoe/ieo eaiie caoai?thaaiiy, a oaeiae eiai neiioii?a oa neiae?ii?a. 5. A i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy eo?no iaiao?aeii noaaeeoe ca aeeiai?eith noaio a?iiioaioe?ae?a ? oaiia?aoo?e oe??e ?, o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei oeueiai, ei?eaoaaoe oaeoeeo, oiaoi ci?ithaaoe niin?a aieeao, aeicoaaiiy e?eoaaeueieo i?aia?ao?a, ?ioaineai?noue oa o?eaae?noue aieeao, e?euee?noue i?ioeaaeo? ai?iaeiaae eo?no. 6. Eaca?iei i?iiaiai aieeaaee ia i?noeaa? OA: I 21, I 13, MC 5, E 25, I 14, a ia a?aeaeaeai? caaaeueii? ae?? GI 14, E 36, C 7, TR 5, MC 6, RP 6, RP 4, GI 11, RP 8 - aeaeo?e/iei no?oiii. I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? 1. Aeioe?eueii ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe ai?iaaaeeoe a i?aeoeeo eiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiiai ?aoetheno eaca?i-aeaeo?iioieoo?o (A.N. ? 98021013, iaoaio ? 23921). 2. Aeey ae?iaeaiiy oaeoeee e?eoaaiiy ON? ?aeiiaiaeo?ii, e??i o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ai?iaaaeeoe o ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo aea/aiiy a?iaeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae oi/ie aeoioieoo?e oeyoii aei??o aeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a oe??e, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue i?aaeeueiiai i?aeai?o OA i?e ae?? eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?e. 3. ?ic?iaeaia e?eoaaeueia oaeoeea aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?ii? ?aoeaenioa?ai?? oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiiai ?aoetheno a?ae??ciy?oueny iaeith aeniiceoe??th e i?inoioith i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioeaaeo?, a?aenooi?noth iaaaoeaieo aoaeo?a ? aeia?ith ia?aiinei?noth. ?? aeioe?eueii ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a noaoe?iia?e oa iie?ee?i?ee. Nienie ?ia?o, iioae?eiaaieo c oaie aeena?oaoe?? 1. Iu?caaaaaa I.A. Aeeyiea eaca?i- e yeaeo?iioieoo?u ia iieacaoaee aioo?eaeaeoaei/iie ?I-iao?ee o aieueiuo aeaeoaei/ii-ieuaaiaeiui ?aoethenii// A?a/aaiia aeaei. 1998. ? 3. N.157-159. 2. Ie?caaa?aa I.A., Ia/a?ao ?.E. Aieea ii?aeiaii? eaca?i- oa aeaeoiioieoo?e ia a?iaeaeo?e/i? iioaioe?aee oa oaiia?aoo?o oe??e o oai?eo c oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiei ?aoethenii // A?a/aaiia aeaei. 1998. ? 4 N.145-147. 3. Ia/a?ao ?.E., Ie?caaa?aa I.A. Niin?a e?eoaaiiy oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiiai ?aoetheno. Iaoaio ? 23921A IE A611N1/00, A 61N5/00 a?ae 31.08.98. Aea?aeiaoaio Oe?a?ie. 4. Aeoaaiaaoia A.I., A?iooaiaaoia O.E., Iu?caaaaaa I.A. Yooaeoeaiinoue eaca?iioieoo?iie e yeaeo?iioieoo?iie ?aoeaenioa?aiee i?e ea/aiee aieueiuo n aeaeoaei/ii-ieuaaiaeiui ?aoethenii ia oiia ycaaiiie aieacie // Eaca?u a aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeia. Ca. noaoae AAIE - Aeiaou, 1994.-N.37-40. 5. A?iooaiaaoia O.E., Iu?caaaaaa I.A. Yooaeoeaiinoue eaca?i-ioieoo?iie ?aoeaenioa?aiee ycaaiiie aieacie aeaaiaaeoeaoeia?noiie eeoee ii aeaiiui yiaeineiie/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey // Nia?aiaiiua aii?inu eeeie/aneie iaaeeoeeiu. Na. AAIE, iina. 80-eaoeth i?io. ?.A. Naoiaaaie. - Aeiaou, 1994. - N.84-85. 6. Iu?caaaaaa I.A., A?iooaiaaoia O.E. Cia/aiea yeaeo?iioieoo?iie ?aoeaenioa?aiee i?eiaieoaeueii e aeaeoaei/ii-ieuaaiaeiiio ?aoetheno // Ia?niaeoeaiua i?iaeaiu a aano?iyioa?ieiaee. ?inneeneay Aeaaeaiey Iaae. iaoe. - Iineaa, 1994. N.119-120. 7. Iu?caaaaaa I.A. Aeeyiea ni/aoaiiie eaca?i- e yeaeo?iioieoo?iie ?aoeaenioa?aiee ia aeaeoaei/ii-ieuaaiaeiue ?aoethen o aieueiuo ycaaiiie aieaciueth aeaaiaaeoeaoeia?noiie eeoee // Ia?niaeoeaiua i?iaeaiu a aano?iyioa?ieiaee. ?inneeneay Aeaaeaiey Iaae. iaoe. - Iineaa, 1994. - N.121-122. 8. Iu?caaaaaa I.A. Aeeyiea ni/aoaiiie eaca?iioieoo?iie e yeaeo?iioieoo?iie ?aoeaenioa?aiee ia nae?aoi?ioth e iioi?ioth ooieoeee aeaeoaeea o aieueiuo aeaeoaei/ii-ieuaaiaeiui ?aoethenii // Aeooaeueiua aii?inu eeeie/aneie oe?o?aee. Iaaeaoc. na. iao/. o?., AAIE Aeiaou, 1995. -N.171-174. 9. Iu?caaaaaa I.A., A?iooaiaaoia O.E. Yooaeoeaiinoue eaca?iioieoo?iie e yeaeo?iioieoo?iie ?aoeaenioa?aiee a caaeneiinoe io aeiyeaeo?e/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeee aeoeaiuo oi/ae //. Aeooaeueiua aii?inu eeeie/aneie oe?o?aee. Iaaeaoc. na. iao/. o?., AAIE - Aeiaou, 1995. N.175-177. 10. Ia/a?ao ?.E., Ie?caaa?aa I.A. Eaca?iioieoo?ia ?aoeaenioa?ai?y a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiee ?aoethen // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ni?a?ia?oiee?a EIAII. - 1998. - N. 299-301. 11. Iu?caaaaaa I.A. Yeaeo?iioieoo?iay ?aoeaenioa?aiey o aieueiuo aeaeoaei/ii-ieuaaiaeiui ?aoethenii // Iao?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy. Iaoa??aee II Iaoeiai-i?aeo. eiio., i. Ee?a, 25-26 aa?aniy 1997. Ee?a, 1997. N.94-95. Aiioaoe?y Ie?caaa?aa Iaeey Aaaeoea?aia. Aeei?enoaiiy eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?ii? ?aoeaenioa?ai?? o oai?eo ia oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiee ?aoethen. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.02 – aioo??oi? oai?iae. Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue 217 oai?eo c oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiei ?aoethenii. Iaa?oioiaaii iniiai? canaaee i?aeoiaeo o aeei?enoaii? eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?ii? ?aoeaenioa?ai?? i?ae /an e?eoaaiiy no?aaio?aeii-oeoieiaiai ?aoetheno. Iieacaii aoaeoeai?noue ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo iaoiae?a ia i?aenoaa? ee?i?/ieo, ?aioaaiieia?/ieo, aiaeineii?/ieo, ii?oieia?/ieo, aeaeo?iaano?ia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae aeine?aeaeaiue nae?aoi?ii? ooieoe?? oeoiea, aioo??oiueioeoieiai? ?I-iao??? e aei???a a?iaeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a ? oaiia?aoo?e oe??e. Eeth/ia? neiaa: oeoieiai-no?aaio?aeiee ?aoethen, eaca?i- oa aeaeo?iioieoo?a, ii?aeiaia eaca?i-aeaeo?iioieoo?a. Aiiioaoeey Iu?caaaaaa Iaeey Aaaeoeeaaaia. Eniieueciaaiea eaca?i- e yeaeo?iioieoo?iie ?aoeaenioa?aiee o aieueiuo aeaeoaei/ii-ieuaaiaeiui ?aoethenii. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.02 – aioo?aiiea aieacie, Eeaaneay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey ei. I.E. Ooiuea IC Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey niaea?aeeo ?acoeueoaou iao/iuo enneaaeiaaiee 217 aieueiuo n aeaeoaei/ii-ieuaaiaeiui ?aoethenii. Iainiiaaiu iniiaiua i?eioeeiu e iiaeoiaeu e eniieueciaaieth eaca?i- e yeaeo?iioieoo?u a ea/aiee aeaeoaei/ii-ieuaaiaeiiai ?aoethena. Iieacaia yooaeoeaiinoue i?aaeeaaaaiuo iaoiaeia ia iniiaaiee eeeie/aneeo, ?aioaaiieiae/aneeo, yiaeineiie/aneeo, ii?oieiae/aneeo, yeaeo?iaano?ia?aoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee, a oaeaea enneaaeiaaiee nae?aoi?iie ooieoeee aeaeoaeea, aioo?eaeaeoaei/iie ?I-iao?ee e ecia?aiee aeiyeaeo?e/aneeo iioaioeeaeia eiaee, eiaeiie oaiia?aoo?u. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaeoaei/ii-ieuaaiaeiue ?aoethen, eaca?i- e yeaeo?iioieoo?a, ni/aoaiiay eaca?i-yeaeo?iioieoo?a. Annotation Myrzabaeva Neilya. Usage of laser- and electropuncture reflexotherapy for cases with gastro-oesophageal reflux.- Manuscript. Dissertation submitted for a Master’s degree in speciality 14.01.02 -Internal Diseases.- Kyiv Medical Academy of Post-Graduated Education named after P. Shupik, Health Ministry of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998. The dissertation contains the results of scientific investigations of 217 patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux. Focal touch principles are grounded in usage of laser- and electropuncture reflexotherapy in medication of gastro-oesophageal reflux. Combined method of laser- and elactro-puncture is suggested in medication of gastro-oesophageal reflux. Effectiveness of suggested methods is displayed on grounds of clinical, X-ray, endoscopic, morphologic, electrogastrographical trials, and also gastric secretory function, intragastric pH-metery, measurement of dermis bioelectric potentials, of dermatic temperatures. Key words: gastro-oesophageal reflux, laser- and electropuncture, combined laser- and electropuncture.

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