5

OAA??ENUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AA?IOAOI?*IA AEAAeAI?ss

AII*A?IAA Ae?IA IEEIEA?AIA

OAeE 637.12.128:681.88

AEEI?ENOAIIss AEAEO?IO?CE*IEO AEANOEAINOAE IIEIEA AeEss AECIA*AIIss
AI?NOO AEE?O OA A?EEA I?E IA?AEII?E IA?IAOe? IIEIEA IA OAA?EIIEOeUeEEO
OA?IAO ? EIIIEAENAO

05.20.02 — Canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?ioaoiieia?e o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa?

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Iae?oiiieue-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeaeo?ioaoiieia?? Oaa??enueei? aea?aeaaii?
aa?ioaoi?/ii? aeaaeai?? (OAeAOA) I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, sseiaeaa Aaea??e
Oaaei?iae/, Oaa??enueea aea?aeaaia aa?ioaoi?/ia aeaaeai?y, aeioeaio
eaoaae?e aeaeo?ioaoiieia??Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?, Naa/aiei Iao?i ?ee?/, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e canoinoaaiiy
aeaeo?iaia?a?? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
aeioeaio A?euaiei Ieaenaiae? Eocueie/,Oaa??enueea aea?aeaaia
aa?ioaoi?/ia aeaaeai?y,aeioeaio eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? oa caaaeueii?
aeaeo?ioaoi?ee I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao
Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?aCaoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 25 ” o?aaiy
1999 ?. i 1000 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
E18.819.01 a Oaa??enuee?e aea?aeaai?e aa?ioaoi?/i?e aeaaeai?? ca
aae?anith:

332315 Caii??cueea iaeanoue, i.Iae?oiiieue, i?.A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai, 18,
aoaeeoi??y 7.210.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oaa??enueei?
aea?aeaaii? aa?ioaoi?/ii? aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith:

332312 Caii??cueea iaeanoue, i.Iae?oiiieue, i?.A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai, 18,
a?ae?ioaea OAeAOA.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 22 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee*a?eoi A.TH.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A no/anieo aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao oa?ia?nuee? aai
oaa?eiieoeuee? ainiiaea?noaa, ye? ae?iaeythoue iieiei, a oaeiae
i?aei?e?inoaa, ye? eiai ia?a?iaeththoue, iiaeii? eiio?iethaaoe neeaae oa
ye?noue ne?iaeie oa aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??. Ae?iaieoeoai iieiea aeiaaa?
iniaeeai? oaaae aei ieoaiue o?i?/iiai neeaaeo iieiea, ye i?iaeoeoo c
aenieeie oa?/oaaeueieie oa ae??oe/ieie aeanoeainoyie, ? ne?iaeie aeey
??cieo aaeocae iiei/ii? i?iieneiaino?. Oea a ia?oo /a?ao noino?oueny
oaeeo oe?iiooai?thth/eo iieaciee?a, ye ianiaa /anoeia aee?o oa a?eea.
Ai?no aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe? a?aoiao?oueny i?e iieao? ye ca ne?iaeio,
oae ? ca aioiaee i?iaeoeo iiei/ii? i?iieneiaino?, oiio iaiao?aeii
aecia/aoe ai?no aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe? c aenieei nooiaiai oi/iino?.
sse iieaco? i?aeoeea, aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe?
cae?enith?oueny iaoiaeaie, ye? iathoue ?yae iaaeie?e?a, a naia: aeniea
o?oaeii?noe?noue oa aaeeea o?eaae?noue iaeiiai aei??thaaiiy, iio?aaa a
cia/i?e e?eueeino? o?i?/ieo ?aaeoea?a oa i?aeaeuai? aeiiae aei ?o
/enoioe, neeaaei?noue i?ioeano aei??thaaiiy, a oaeiae aeniea aa?o?noue
iaeaaeiaiiy, ui caaaaea? eiai oe?ieiio ai?iaaaeaeaiith.

Oeei iiynith?oueny ?icaeoie iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoa yeeo –
?ic?iaea iiaeo, i?inoeo oa aeni?anieo iaoiae?a ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy
iieaciee?a aeaeo?io?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae iieiea aeey aecia/aiiy ai?noo
aee?o oa a?eea. Oiio aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?io?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae iieiea,
ye? iathoue o?niee aca?iica’ycie c iieacieeaie yeino?, c iaoith
iaa?oiooaaiiy oa oaoi?/ii? ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeo aecia/aiiy aee?o oa a?eea
i?e ia?aeii?e ia?iaoe? iieiea ia oaa?eiieoeueeeo oa?iao ? eiiieaenao ?
aeooaeueieie caaea/aie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie oa oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia ii
eiiieaeni?e oai? ?2 i?ia?aie IAe? Oaa??enueei? aea?aeaaii? aa?ioaoi?/ii?
aeaaeai?? (OAeAOA) (iiia? ?a?no?aoe?? 01920006293) ia 1990-1995 ?.?.,
ca?aeii c ieaiii IAe? OAeAOA ia 1996-2000 ?.?., i?ia?aie N9 “?ic?iaea
oeueo?acaoeiai? oaoiieia?? oa iaeaaeiaiiy aeni?an-eiio?ieth yeino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??”; ioieo 9.3 “?ic?iaea iaoiaeo oa
aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith aeni?an-aiae?co ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a
iieioe?”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? iaa?oiooaaiiy oa oaoi?/ia
?aae?caoe?y iaoiaeo aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe? ia iniia?
aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?io?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae iieiea. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy
iinoaaeaii? iaoe ae??ooaaeenue oae? caaea/?:

1. Aea?? oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeo aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a
iieioe?.

2. O?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy aca?iica’yceo i?ae oaeaee?noth
oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? oa o?ceei-o?i?/ieie aeanoeainoyie iieiea.

3. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo i?ae oaeaee?noth
oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? oa ai?noii o iueiio aee?o oa a?eea.

4. ?ic?iaea, aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aei?iaoaaiiy aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith
aeey aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe? o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao oa
eiai oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. ?ic?iaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a
iieioe?.

2. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiee e?euee?niee aca?iica’ycie i?ae oaeaee?noth
oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? oa eiai o?ceei-o?i?/ieie aeanoeainoyie. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
iaa?oioiaaiee ?iioeueniee aeaeo?iaeonoe/iee iaoiae aecia/aiiy ai?noo
aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe?.

3. Aia?oa iaea?aeai? iiiia?ao?/i? caeaaeiino?, ye? aeicaieythoue
aecia/aoe aaee/eie eiioeaio?aoe?e aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe?.

4. Iaa?oioiaai? no?oeoo?a oa ia?aiao?e aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith aeey
aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe?.

Iiaecia ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo oa i?eno?ith i?aeoaa?aeaeaia iaoaioaie
Oe?a?ie ?23978A oa ?24450A a?aeiia?aeii.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a i?aeoe/i?e
?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeo a aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiio i?eno?i? aeey aecia/aiiy ai?noo
aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe?, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy yeiai cieaeo? aeo?aoe /ano oa
i?aoe? ia aecia/aiiy ye?nieo iieaciee?a iieiea, ui, a naith /a?ao,
i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoe??.
Iaa?oioiaai? eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e aei??thaaeueii? eaia?e oa
aeaioiaeai? aeine?aei? c?acee. A eiino?oeoe?? aei??thaaeueii? eaia?e
?aae?ciaaiee i?eioeei “aeonoe/iee eaa??eio”, ui aeicaieeei nooo?ai
i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue aei??thaaiiy (iaoaio Oe?a?ie ?24450A). Aeine?aeiee
c?acie aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith ai?iaaaeaeaiee oa i?ieoia ae?iaie/?
aei?iaoaaiiy ia i?aiaeiiio i?aei?e?inoa? “Naaeiaiae” (i.Naaanoiiieue,
?anioae?ea E?ei) oa a eieaeoeaiiio n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
i?aei?e?inoa? ?iai? O?oica (Iiaiiaeanueeee ?aeii, Ieeiea?anueea
iaeanoue), ye? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoueny aeoaie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a:

1. ?ic?iaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a
iieioe?.

2. Io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? oa iiiia?ao?/i? caeaaeiino?, ye? iienothoue
e?euee?niee aca?iica’ycie i?ae oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? oa
o?ceei-o?i?/ieie aeanoeainoyie iieiea.

3. I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiinoae i?ae
oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? ? eiioeaio?aoe?yie aee?o, a?eea oa
nooiai ciaaee?aiiai iiei/iiai caeeoeo i?e o?eniaaieo cia/aiiyo
oaiia?aoo?e ? aonoeie iieiea.

4. ?ic?iaeai? no?oeoo?ia, ooieoe?iiaeueia noaie AAI oa i?eioeeiia? noaie
aeie?a oa aoce?a aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith.

5. Cae?eniaia iaoaiaoe/ia oi?iae?caoe?y i?ioeano o?ainoi?iaoe??
ao?aeiiai neaiaeo a oeeo?iao ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ai?no aee?o oa a?eea a
iieioe? ia aeoiae? i?eno?ith.

Caaaeueia /anoea o/ano? a iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? ?iaioao neeaaea?
50%…70%, a iaoaio? – 35%.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoee caneooai? ? iaaiai?ai? ia i?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: “Oeueo?acaoeiaa oaoi?ea ? oaoiieia?y”
(i.I?inuee, AAOO, 1995?.), “Aaoiiaoecaoe?y ? eiii’thoa?ecaoe?y a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?” (i.Iineaa, IAeAO ?i.A.I.Ai?y/e?ia, 1995?.),
Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo,
ani??aio?a ? nooaeaio?a (i.Iae?oiiieue, OAeAOA, 1996?.), “I?iaeaie
eiino?othaaiiy, ae?iaieoeoaa oa aenieoaoaoe?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
oaoi?ee” (i.E??iaia?aae, E?NI, 1997?.), “I?eeeaaeia aaiiao??y oa
?iaeaia?ia a?ao?ea” (i.Iae?oiiieue, OAeAOA, 1997?.), Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia
eiioa?aioe?y i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo, ani??aio?a ?
nooaeaio?a (i.Iae?oiiieue, OAeAOA, 1998, 1999 ??.)

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 8 noaoae, 1
oace oa iaea?aeaii 2 iaoaioe Oe?a?ie.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, yeee ia?aoiao?
99 iaeiaioaaiue, c yeeo 1 ia ?iicaii?e iia?, oa aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee
ianya ?iaioe 207 noi??iie, ia 146, c yeeo aeeeaaeaiee oaeno ?iaioe, ia
61 – nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoee. Oaeno ?iaioe ai?uo? 17
oaaeeoeue, 27 ?ethno?aoe?e.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Anooi. Iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, noai ieoaiue,
iaoa oa iaoeia? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?icae?e 1. “Noai ieoaiiy oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue”. C aiae?co
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae anoaiiaeaii, ui a iieioe? a iioeiaeuei?e
e?eueeino? ciaoiaeyoueny ?a/iaeie, ye? iaiao?aei? aeey ?icaeoeo oa ?inoo
i?aai?cio ethaeeie. Aeeth/aiiy iieiea oa iiei/ieo i?iaeoeo?a a oa?/ia?
?aoe?iie ca?eueoo? ?o a?ieia?/io oe?ii?noue oa iie?ioo? canaithaai?noue.
Ei?eniee aieea iieiea ia i?aai?ci ethaeeie caaacia/o?oueny ?a/iaeiaie,
ye? aoiaeyoue aei eiai neeaaeo. Iaeieie c iniiaieo iieaciee?a yeino?
iieiea ? ai?no aee?o oa a?eea, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue iiaeeai?, oa?/ia? oa
oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? i?e i?eeiaii?, ia?aeii?e ia?iaoe? iiei/ii?
ne?iaeie, ?? ia?a?iaoe? oa i?e ae?iaieoeoa? aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??. Aiae?c
?ia?o, ye? i?enay/ai? aeine?aeaeaiith ieoaiue ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a oa
i?eno?i?a aeey aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe?, aeicaieea
ocaaaeueieoe ?acoeueoaoe ae?iaie/iai aeina?aeo, aeai?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?inoeooo?a oa aeueo o/aiaeo caeeaae?a ?
eeaneo?eoaaoe iaoiaee aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe?. C
aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae anoaiiaeaii, ui caaaeueieie iaaeie?eaie
iaoiae?a ? neeaaei?noue, o?eaae?noue ? noa’?eoeai?noue i?ioeano
aecia/aiiy, a oaeiae iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy o?i?/ieo ?aaeoea?a ?
cia/ia ?o aeo?aoa oa aieea iia?/ieo /eiiee?a. Aiae?c ?nioth/eo a aeaiee
/an i?eno?i?a iieacaa, ui aiie ia a iiai?e i??? a?aeiia?aeathoue
i?aae’yaeaiei aei ieo aeiiaai, ia caaacia/othoue iaiao?aeio oi/i?noue
aecia/aiiy ? iio?aaothoue iie?aoaiiy.

Ieoaiiyi noai?aiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a oa i?eno?i?a aeey aecia/aiiy ai?noo
aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe? oa a iiei/ieo i?iaeoeoao i?enay/aia aaeeea
e?euee?noue iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, iaeaaaeeea?oeie c yeeo ? ?iaioe
E.I.A?on?eianueeiai, I.ss.Aaeiaa?aa, A.I.Neioi?eiaa, ?.O.Ai?iae?ia,
?.?.Ia?oeiaiea, I.A.Aa?aaaiueeiaa, E.A.Aiae???anueei?, N.E.Aeeiai?,
A.O.sseiae?aa. Iaeiae, a?aoiaoth/e aeina?ae ?ic?iaie iaoiae?a oa
i?eno?i?a eiio?ieth ye?niiai neeaaeo iieiea, aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa
a?eea ? ua aeaeaei ia aei e?ioey ae??oaiei ieoaiiyi /a?ac aaeeeo /aniao
o?eaae?noue aei??thaaiue, iayai?noue aenieeo iioeaie oa aaeeeeo aeo?ao
?o/ii? i?aoe?.

A?aoiaoth/e iio?aae i?aeoeee oa aeua iaaaaeaiee iaoa??ae aiae?co noaio
ieoaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii aeiiae aei iaoiaeo aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o ?
a?eea a iieioe?, a naia: 1) iaiao?aei?noue caaacia/aiiy i?i?ioio /aniai?
o?eaaeino? aecia/aiiy; 2) iiaeeea?noue iaeii/aniiai aecia/aiiy aeaio aai
a?eueo iieaciee?a ye?niiai neeaaeo iieiea; 3) i?inoioa a oaoi?/iiio ?
oaoiieia?/iiio aeeiiaii?; 4) a?aenooi?noue iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia ye?noue
iieiea; 5) aaciaea aeey ia?niiaeo. C iaeyaeo aeaeo?iaeonoe/ieo iaoiae?a
oa a ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiy iiia?aaei?o aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue iaa?oioiaaia ia?niaeoeai?noue oa ?ioi?iaoeai?noue
?iioeueniiai iaoiaeo i?e eiai oaoi?/i?e ?aae?caoe?? a aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiio
i?eno?i? aeey aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe?, a oaeiae
anoaiiaeaii, ui iieaciee aeaeo?iaeonoe/ieo aeanoeainoae iieiea –
oaeaee?noue oeueo?acaoea, ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi aca?iica’yce?a i?ae ci?iaie
e?euee?niiai o?ceei-o?i?/iiai neeaaeo iieiea c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao
oaiia?aoo?e. Aeaiee iaoiae, o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie, iaea?eueo iiaii
a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai, ye? aenoioo? aei iaoiaeo, oiio ?iioeueniee
aeaeo?iaeonoe/iee iaoiae i?eeiyoee aei iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aeoiaey/e c aeeeaaeaiiai aeua, a ?iaio? noi?ioeueiaai? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiue.

?icae?e 2. “Oai?aoe/ia oa aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeo
aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe?”. Iaoiae aecia/aiiy ai?noo
aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiee oeyoii anoaiiaeaiiy
aca?iica’yceo i?ae o?ceei-o?i?/ieie aeanoeainoyie iieiea oa iieacieeii
eiai aeaeo?iaeonoe/ieo aeanoeainoae – oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea a
iieioe?. C aiae?co o?i?/iiai neeaaeo anoaiiaeaii, ui iieiei
neeaaea?oueny c aeenia?n?eiiai na?aaeiaeua oa aeenia?nii? oace. Iniiaia
neeaaeiaa iieiea – ieacia, a ye?e cioeai? iaeae??ai?o? e?aieeiee
iiei/iiai aee?o ? ?ic/eiai? eiiiiiaioe nooiai ciaaee?aiiai iiei/iiai
caeeoeo (NCIC). Oeueo?acaoeia? oaee?, ye? ?iciianthaeaeothoueny a
iieioe?, cae?eniththoueny oae oaeaeei, ui iii?oii? ia?aaea/? oaiea a?ae
iaeiiai aeaiaioo na?aaeiaeua aei ?ioiai ia a?aeaoaa?oueny, ? i?ioean
eaea, i?aeei?yth/enue aae?aaaoe/iiio caeiio. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiy
oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui oaeaee?noue oeueo?acaoea a
iieioe? i?e iino?ei?e oaiia?aoo?? ? ooieoe??th aonoeie ? aae?aaaoe/ii?
noeneeaino? iieiea. *a?ac oa, ui neeaaeia? /anoeie iieiea – aee?, a?eie,
NCIC – iathoue ??cio aonoeio, oaeaee?noue oeueo?acaoea caeaaeeoue a?ae
ianiai? /anoeie neeaaeiaeo eiiiiiaio?a iieiea. Aeey ioe?iee ai?noo
aee?o, caaaeueiiai a?eea oa NCIC a iieioe? oeyoii aecia/aiiy oaeaeeino?
oeueo?acaoea ? iiaeeeaei oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe aca?iica’ycie i?ae
oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? oa eiai o?ceei-o?i?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie – aonoeiith, noeneea?noth, eiioeaio?aoe?yie neeaaeiaeo
/anoei oa oaiia?aoo?ith.

I?e iaoaiaoe/iiio iien? caeaaeiinoae eiioeaio?aoe?e aee?o, nooiai
ciaaee?aiiai iiei/iiai caeeoeo oa caaaeueiiai a?eea a?ae oaeaeeino?
oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? a?aany aei oaaae oie oaeo, ui i?e oaiia?aoo??
140N oaeaee?noue oeueo?acaoea ia caeaaeeoue a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?e aee?o, a
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny o?eueee ai?noii NCIC oa caaaeueiiai a?eea. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aoee iaea?aeai? ae?ace, ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue aca?iica’ycie i?ae oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea a iieioe?
i?e oaiia?aoo?? 140N ? eiioeaio?aoe?yie NCIC oa caaaeueiiai a?eea:

wmetafile8? ??$???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A?
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¤yyyA ??d?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-??????/????K???uuthn?????N0(14),
N3(14) – oaeaee?noue oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? oa o aiae? i?e oaiia?aoo??
140N, i/n;

a2 – eiao?oe??io, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? a?aae??io ci?ie oaeaeeino?
oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? i?e ci?i? eiioeaio?aoe?e NCIC oa caaaeueiiai
a?eea ia 1% i?e oaiia?aoo?? 140N, i/(n%).

Iaoaiaoe/ia caeaaei?noue i?ae eiioeaio?aoe?yie aee?o a iieioe? oa
oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea i?e oaiia?aoo?? c ae?aiaciio oaiia?aoo?
200N…500N c o?aooaaiiyi aaoiiaoe/ii? iii?aaee ia eiioeaio?aoe?th NCIC
iieno?oueny ae?acii:

wmetafile8? ??Q???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyyA????? ???&? ?MathType??
???u?????????»????-?????ae?
???ae»???aeu???aev???uLth??????N0i – oaeaee?noue
oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? i?e i-e oaiia?aoo??, i/n;

i – oaiia?aoo?a iieiea, 0N.

N3(20) – oaeaee?noue oeueo?acaoea o aiae? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 200N, i/n;

a – eiao?oe??io, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? a?aae??io ci?ie oaeaeeino?
oeueo?acaoea i?e ci?i? eiioeaio?aoe?? NCIC ia 1% i?e oaiia?aoo?? 200N,
i/(n%);

m – oaiia?aoo?iee a?aae??io iieiea, i/(n0N);

b, d – iino?ei? eiao?oe??ioe, /eneia? aaee/eie yeeo caeaaeaoue a?ae
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae iieiea.

Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui oaiia?aoo?iee ae?aiacii 200N…500N neeaaea?oueny
c oaiia?aoo?, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue o?ce/iee noai iiei/iiai aee?o a
iieioe?. A?aoiaoth/e aeine?aeaeaiiy I.A.Aa?aaaiueeiaa, I.ss.Aaeiaa?aa,
anoaiiaeaii, ui oaiia?aoo?a 200N (oi/ea canoeaaiiy) oa?aeoa?eco?
noniaic?eiee noai iiei/iiai aee?o, i?e oaiia?aoo?? 370N (oi/ea
ieaaeaiiy) aee? ia?aoiaeeoue c noniaic?eiiai noaio a aioeuen?eiee, a i?e
oaiia?aoo?ao 43,50N, 500N ciaioo?oueny iioeaea aei??thaaiue ai?noo aee?o
oa NCIC ca ?aooiie onoiaiiy ia?aoeiae, ye? iia’ycai? c oaa?ae?iiyi oa
e?enoae?caoe??th iiei/iiai aee?o.

Ia iniia? aiae?oe/ieo ae?ac?a (1), (2), (3) ?ic?iaeaia iiiia?aia
(?en.1), yea aeicaiey? aecia/aoe eiioeaio?aoe?? caaaeueiiai a?eea oa
NCIC a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaeaeeino? oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? i?e
oaiia?aoo?? 140N, a oaeiae eiioeaio?aoe?? aee?o a caeaaeiino? a?ae
aonoeie iieiea, eiioeaio?aoe?? NCIC oa oaeaeeino? oeueo?acaoea i?e
o?eniaaieo oaiia?aoo?ao iieiea 200N, 370N, 43,50N, 500N. C?acie
aeei?enoaiiy iiiia?aie iieacaiee ni?yiiaoth/eie a?ae??ceaie.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ?iioeueniiai iaoiaeo
anoaiiaeaii, ui oaeaee?noue oeueo?acaoea coiiaeaia i?enooi?noth a
iieioe? oa aca?iiae??th eiai neeaaeiaeo eiiiiiaio?a, a ioaea iiaea aooe
aeei?enoaia, ye ?ioi?iaoe?eia aeaea?aei aeey iaea?aeaiiy a??ia?aeii?
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i e?euee?niee noai aeenia?nii? oace iieiea, a naia: ca
cia/aiiyi oaeaeeino? oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 140N
aecia/a?oueny ai?no NCIC oa caaaeueiiai a?eea, a ca cia/aiiyi oaeaeeino?
oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? i?e oaiia?aoo?? c ae?aiaciio oaiia?aoo?
200N…500N c o?aooaaiiyi aaoiiaoe/ii? iii?aaee ia ai?no NCIC
aecia/a?oueny ai?no aee?o a iieioe?. I?iaaaeai? oai?aoe/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee aecia/eoe ianya iai?aaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

?icae?e 3. “Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?noo oa a?eea a iieioe?
aeaeo?iaeonoe/iei iaoiaeii”. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeeny ca iaoiaeeeith ia noai?ai?e aenia?eiaioaeuei?e onoaiiaoe?
aeey aei??thaaiiy oaeaee?no? oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? ?iioeueniei
aeaeo?iaeonoe/iei iaoiaeii. Aeae?eaiiy

?en.1 – Iiiia?aia aeey aecia/aiiy ye?nieo iieaciee?a iieiea

ei?eniiai oeueo?acaoeiaiai neaiaeo aac ne?eaeaiue ? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith
i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? aei??thaaiue. Oea, ianaiia?aae, caeaaeeoue a?ae
eiino?oeoe?? aei??thaaeueii? eaia?e. Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aoea ?ic?iaeaia oa aeaioiaeaia aei??thaaeueia eaia?a, a
eiino?oeoe?th yei? aoa iieeaaeaiee i?eioeei “aeonoe/iee eaa??eio”
(iaoaio Oe?a?ie ?24450A), a eiino?oeoeai? ?ici??e yei? aoee aecia/ai? c
o?aooaaiiyi o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae iieiea.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ia iniia? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai
aenia?eiaioo, ui aeicaieeei io?eiaoe iie?iii?aeuei? iiaeae?, ye?
iienothoue aca?iica’ycie i?ae oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? oa eiai
o?ceei-o?i?/ieie aeanoeainoyie ? ioe?ieoe nooi?iue aieeao /eiiee?a ia
ooieoe?th a?aeaoeo a iaeano?, ui ?icaeyaeaeany.

Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, yea iieno? caeaaei?noue i?ae oaeaee?noth
oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 140N ? eiioeaio?aoe?yie
caaaeueiiai a?eea, iiaeaia o aeaeyae? ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??:

wmetafile8? ??n???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a
???&??yyyy?????Ayyyµyyya??•?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u@y??????X1, X2 – ao?aei? /eiieee: eiioeaio?aoe?y
caaaeueiiai a?eea, oaiia?aoo?a a?aeiia?aeii.

Caeaaei?noue i?ae oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? oa eiioeaio?aoe?yie
aee?o a o?eniaaiiio oaiia?aoo?iiio ae?aiacii? 200N…500N c o?aooaaiiyi
aonoeie iieiea iieno?oueny iie?iii?aeueiith iiaeaeeth ae?oaiai nooiaiy:

wmetafile8? ??Oe???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
A???&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyy???A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u@y??????X1, X2, X3 – ao?aei? /eiieee: eiioeaio?aoe?y
aee?o, aonoeia, oaiia?aoo?a iieiea a?aeiia?aeii.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?ae?a, ?o noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea, ia?aa??ea cia/ouino?
eiao?oe??io?a ? aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeaeae iieacaee, ui iaea?eueoee aieea ia
oaeaee?noue oeueo?acaoea nooo?ai ni?aaeythoue oaiia?aoo?a oa aonoeia
iieiea, eiioeaio?aoe?y aee?o, caaaeueiiai a?eea, a io?eiai?
iie?iii?aeuei? iiaeae?, ye? i?aaenoaaeai? ??aiyiiyie (4) ? (5),
aaeaeaaoii iienothoue ooieoe?th a?aeaoeo c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao eiaeiiai c
/eiiee?a.

Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo iiiia?ao?/ieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo caeaaeiinoae i?ae
oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea ? eiioeaio?aoe?yie nooiai ciaaee?aiiai
iiei/iiai caeeoeo oa caaaeueiiai a?eea i?e oaiia?aoo?? iieiea 140N
(?en.2),a oaeiae i?ae oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea i?e noai?i o?eniaaieo
oaiia?aoo?ao – 200N, 370N, 43,50N, 500N ? eiioeaio?aoe?yie aee?o oa NCIC
c o?aooaaiiyi aonoeie iieiea (?en.3) aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui
oaeaee?noue oeueo?acaoea caeaaeeoue a?ae ianiai? /anoee neeaaeiaeo
/anoei iieiea, ye? iathoue ??cio aonoeio. Ci?ia aonoeie iieiea ?, ye
iane?aeie, eiai ye?niiai neeaaeo aieeaa? ia oaeaee?noue oeueo?acaoeiaeo
oaeeue, ye? ?iciianthaeaeothoueny a iiei/iiio na?aaeiaeu?. Aeey
e?euee?nii? ioe?iee aca?iica’yceo i?ae oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea a
iieioe? oa eiai o?ceei-o?i?/ieie aeanoeainoyie aoee aecia/ai?
eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? oa ei?aeyoe?ei? a?aeiioaiiy. Iaea?aeai?
?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui o?niee iiceoeaiee i?yiie?i?eiee
e?euee?niee aca?iica’ycie ?nio? i?ae: 1) oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea ii-

?en.2 – Iiiia?ao?/i? aenia?eiaioaeuei? caeaaeiino? i?ae oaeaee?noth
oeueo?acaoea N0 (14) a iieioe? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 140N ? eiioeaio?aoe?yie
NCIC KNCIC ? caaaeueiiai a?eea Ka

?en.3 – Iiiia?ao?/i? aenia?eiaioaeuei? caeaaeiino? i?ae oaeaee?noth
oeueo?acaoea N0 i i?e o?eniaaieo oaiia?aoo?ao 200N, 370N, 43,50N, 500N ?
eiioeaio?aoe?yie aee?o Eae oa NCIC ENCIC c o?aooaaiiyi aonoeie iieiea 0
i

eioe? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 140N oa eiioeaio?aoe?yie NCIC oa caaaeueiiai a?eea
wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a`
???&??yyyy?????Ayyyµyyy ??•?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u=th??????

?icae?e 4. “?ic?iaea aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith aeey aecia/aiiy ai?noo
aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe?”. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie oai?aoe/ieo oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoee iaa?oioiaai? oaoi?/i? aeiiae aei
aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith (AAI), iaa?oioiaaia no?oeoo?a oa ia?aiao?e
aeo?aeieo neaiae?a aeie?a AAI, a oaeiae ?ic?iaeai? ooieoe?iiaeueia
(?en.4), no?oeoo?ia noaie i?eno?ith, a ia ?o iniia? – noaie aeaeo?e/i?
i?eioeeiia? aeie?a oa aoce?a AAI. Aeaeo?iaeonoe/iee i?eno??e aeey
aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe? i?aoeth? oaeei /eiii.
Aaia?aoi? ?iioeuen?a ciiaeoaaiiy (A?C) ae?iaey? ?iioeuene, ye?
iinooiathoue ia i’?ciaei?ii?ithaaeueiee ia?aoai?thaa/ (AI),yeee
?icoaoiaaiee o aei??thaaeuei?e eaia??. I?yiee oeueo?acaoeiaee neaiae,
i?ioiaey/e e??cue ia’?eo eiio?ieth (IE), iaaeoiaeeoue ia i?eeiaeueiee
i’?ciia?aoai?thaa/ (II), aea ciiao ia?aoai?th?oueny a aeaeo?e/iee
neaiae. Aaia?aoi? (A?C) oaeiae ae?iaey? neaiae, yeee iaaeoiaeeoue ia
ao?aeiee i?eno??e oi?ioaaiiy (AIO1), aea a?aeaoaa?oueny oi?ioaaiiy
ao?aeieo neaiae?a c e?ooei o?iioii, ye? ii eaiaeo caioneo iaaeoiaeyoue
ia aocie ea?oaaiiy “caione-coieiea” e?/eeueiee?a (AE). Ii aeaeo?e/iiio
neaiaeo, yeee iaaeoiaeeoue c i?eeiaeueiiai i’?ciia?aoai?thaa/a,
ni?aoeueiao? eiiia?aoi? (E), ui /a?ac ao?aeiee i?eno??e oi?ioaaiiy
(AIO2) oi?io? neaiae c e?ooei o?iioii, yeee aeae? iaaeoiaeeoue ia ao?ae
coieiee aocea ea?oaaiiy (AE). A ?ic?iaeai?e nenoai? ae??oo?oueny caaea/a
aei??thaaiiy ?ioa?aaeo /ano, ca yeee oeueo?acaoeiaa oaeey i?ioiaeeoue
e??cue iiei/ia na?aaeiaeua. Aocie ea?oaaiiy oi?aaey? oeeeeii
aei??thaaiiy, oiaoi ae?iaey?oueny no?ia-?iioeuen, o?eaae?noue yeiai
aei??aith? ?ioa?aaeo /ano i?ioiaeaeaiiy oeueo?acaoeiai? oaee? e??cue
iiei/ia na?aaeiaeua. No?ia-?iioeuen ea?o? aieiaiei naeaeoi?ii (AN), ia
yeee iaaeoiaeyoue i?oee /ano c eaa?oeiaiai aaia?aoi?a i?oie /ano (AE).
Aieiaiee naeaeoi? a?aee?eaa?oueny ? i?iionea? noi?iiaai? neaiaee ia aeie
e?/eeueiee?a (AE) o?eueee ia i?ioyc? /ano aei??thaaiiy. Aeie
e?/eeueiee?a i?ae?aoiao? e?euee?noue ?iioeuen?a, ye? iaae?eoee ia eiai
ao?ae ca /an aei??thaaiiy, ? aeaea? iaeao ?iioeuen?a, e?euee?noue yeeo
a?aeiia?aea? /ano i?ioiaeaeaiiy oeueo?acaoeiai? oaee? e??cue iiei/ia
na?aaeiaeua. *an i?ioiaeaeaiiy oeueo?acaoeiai? oaee? aeei?enoiao?oueny
ye ?ioi?iaoeaiee neaiae, yeee caeaaeeoue a?ae o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
aeanoeainoae iieiea, a ioaea ? a?ae ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea.

Iiaoaeiaa iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith ia iniia?
ooieoe?iiaeueii? noaie aeicaieeea iienaoe i?ioean ia?aoai?aiiy ao?aeiiai
?ioi?iaoeaiiai neaiaeo a oeeo?iaee eiae ia aeoiae? AAI. Iaoaiaoe/ia
oi?iae?caoe?y i?ioeano o?ainoi?iaoe?? ao?aeiiai neaiaeo aeicaieeea
aecia/eoe caeaaeiino? i?ae aeo?aeieie neaiaeaie i?eno?ith oa
ia?aiao?aie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ye?niee neeaae iieiea, ? ?ic?aooaaoe
a?aie/i? aaee/eie aeo?aeieo neaiae?a i?eno?ith. A ?ic?iaeaiiio
aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiio i?eno?i? ia?aoai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aecia/aiiy
oaeaeeino? oeueo?acaoea, yea aei??aith? a?aeiioaiith aeonoe/ii? aace

?en.4 – Ooieoe?iiaeueia noaia aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith aeey
aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eeo a iieioe?

aei??thaaeueii? eaia?e aei ?ioa?aaeo /ano i?ioiaeaeaiiy oaee? e??cue
iiei/ia na?aaeiaeua, a oaeiae ia/eneaiiy, ia?iaea oa a?aeia?aaeaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ai?no aee?o, a?eea oa NCIC cae?enith?oueny
ia/enethaaeueii-?iaeeeaoe?eiei aeieii i?eno?ith, a oaeiae ia?aaeaa/aia
iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy i?eno?ith ni?eueii c IAII ca niaoe?aeueiith
i?ia?aiith. Aeaiaioia aaca i?eno?ith caaacia/o? iaiao?aeio oi/i?noue
aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe?.

?icae?e 5. “Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ae?iaie/a ia?aa??ea
aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith”. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee
?ic?iaeaiiai aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith i?iaiaeeeenue eaai?aoi?i?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? iieacaee, ui i?eioeei ae?? oa
aeaiaioia aaca aeie?a i?eno?ith caaacia/othoue iiaeeea?noue aecia/aiiy
ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea c aeinoaoiueith oi/i?noth, a a?aeiini? iioeaee
aeie?a AAI ia ia?aaeuothoue aeiionoei? iaae? oa caaeiaieueiythoue
oaoi?/iei aeiiaai, caaaeueiee iieaciee oi/iino? i?eno?ith neeaaea?
96,8%.

Ae?iaie/? aei?iaoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia i?aiaeiiio i?aei?e?inoa?
“Naaeiaiae” (i.Naaanoiiieue, ?anioae?ea E?ei) oa a eieaeoeaiiio
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio i?aei?e?inoa? ?iai? O?oica (Iiaiiaeanueeee
?aeii, Ieeiea?anueea iaeanoue).An? aeaiaioe eiino?oeoeaieo aeie?a
i?eno?ith i?aoethaaee iaae?eii, a?aeiia oa oeaieo ni?aoeueiaoaaiue ia
aoei. Eiia??i?noue aaca?aeiiaii? ?iaioe aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith i?e
t=500 aiaeei neeaea P(t)=0,9, a na?aaei?e /an oaei? ?iaioe i?eno?ith
aei??aith? 4535 aiaeei. ?ino?oiaioaeueia iioeaea i?e aei??thaaii? ai?noo
aee?o ia ia?aaeuo? 0,04%, caaaeueiiai a?eea – 0,06%.

??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith
aeey aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe? neeaaea? a?eueo i?ae
5000 a?eaaiue i?e ianyc? ae?iaieoeoaa oa ia?a?iaoe? iieiea a?eueo i?ae
2000 oiii ia ??e, a oa?i?i ieoiiino? eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao aei??aith? 0,17
?ieo.

AENIIAEE

1. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aiae?co iaoiae?a ? cania?a aeey aecia/aiiy ai?noo
aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe? anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeiei c ia?niaeoeaieo iaoiae?a
? ?iioeueniee aeaeo?iaeonoe/iee iaoiae.

2. Aeey ioe?iee ai?noo aee?o, caaaeueiiai a?eea oa nooiai ciaaee?aiiai
iiei/iiai caeeoeo oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiee aca?iica’ycie i?ae
oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? oa o?ceei-o?i?/ieie aeanoeainoyie
iieiea – aonoeiith, eiioeaio?aoe?yie aee?o, caaaeueiiai a?eea, NCIC,
oaiia?aoo?ith, noeneea?noth. I?e oaiia?aoo?? 140N ?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy
oaeaeeino? oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? ci?iththoueny a iaaeao
1473,5i/n…1480,1i/n i?e ci?i? eiioeaio?aoe?e NCIC oa caaaeueiiai
a?eea. I?e ci?i? eiioeaio?aoe?? aee?o ?ic?aooieia? cia/aiiy oaeaeeino?
oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? i?e oaiia?aoo?? c ae?aiaciio oaiia?aoo?
200N…500N c o?aooaaiiyi aonoeie ciaoiaeyoueny a iaaeao
1486,8i/n…1554,33i/n.

3. Aia?oa io?eiai? iiiia?ao?/i? caeaaeiino? aeicaieythoue aecia/aoe
aaee/eie eiioeaio?aoe?? aee?o, caaaeueiiai a?eea, nooiai ciaaee?aiiai
iiei/iiai caeeoeo (NCIC) oa aonoeie iieiea.

4. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo i?ae oaeaee?noth
oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? oa eiioeaio?aoe?yie aee?o, caaaeueiiai a?eea
aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, ui i?e oaiia?aoo?? 140N i?e ci?i? eiioeaio?aoe?e
NCIC oa caaaeueiiai a?eea a?aeiia?aeii a?ae 7,7% aei 10% oa a?ae 3% aei
3,8% oaeaee?noue oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao 1474,1i/n
…1480,3i/n. I?e o?eniaaieo oaiia?aoo?ao c ae?aiaciio oaiia?aoo? 200N
…500N i?e ca?eueoaii? eiioeaio?aoe?e aee?o a?ae 2%…4,5% c
o?aooaaiiyi ci?ie aonoeie iieiea a?ae 1027 ea/i3 aei 1032 ea/i3
oaeaee?noue oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? ca?eueoo?oueny a?ae 1487,25i/n aei
1554,75i/n.

5. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeee aenieee iiceoeaiee
aca?iica’ycie i?ae oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? oa
o?ceei-o?i?/ieie aeanoeainoyie iieiea, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
eiao?oe??ioaie ei?aeyoe?? wmetafile8? ??‰???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a????&??yyyy?????AyyyµyyyA ??•?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u>th??????6. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui ?ioi?iaoeaiei
ia?aiao?ii i?i e?euee?niee noai aeenia?nii? oace iieiea ? oaeaee?noue
oeueo?acaoea a iieioe?, ui aeicaieeei ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy
aeuaiacaaiiai iieacieea aeaeo?iaeonoe/ieo aeanoeainoae iieiea
iaa?oiooaaoe ?iioeueniee aeaeo?iaeonoe/iee iaoiae aecia/aiiy ai?noo
aee?o oa a?eea.

7. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith (AAI)
aeey aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe? aeicaieeea aiae?oe/ii
iienaoe i?ioean ia?aoai?aiiy ao?aeiiai oeueo?acaoeiaiai neaiaeo a
oeeo?iaee eiae ia aeoiae? i?eno?ith.

8. ?ic?iaeaiee aeaeo?iaeonoe/iee i?eno??e aeey aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o
oa a?eea a iieioe? aeicaiey? ca cia/aiiyi oaeaeeino? oeueo?acaoea a
iieioe? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 140N aecia/aoe ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea oa NCIC,
a ca cia/aiiyi oaeaeeino? oeueo?acaoea a iieioe? i?e oaiia?aoo?? c
ae?aiaciio oaiia?aoo? 200N…500N c o?aooaaiiyi aaoiiaoe/ii aaiaeeii?
iii?aaee ia ai?no NCIC aecia/aoe ai?no aee?o a iieioe?. I?eno??e iiaeia
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye aaoiiiiii, oae ? a ni?yae?ii? c IAII.

9. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ae?iaie/? aei?iaoaaiiy aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith
ia AI “Naaeiaiae” (i.Naaanoiiieue, ?anioae?ea E?ei) ? a ENI ?iai? O?oica
(Iiaiiaeanueeee ?aeii, Ieeiea?anueea iaeanoue) iieacaee, ui o?eaae?noue
oeeeeo aei??thaaiiy iaei??? i?iae neeaaea? 70 naeoiae, ?ino?oiaioaeueia
iioeaea i?e aei??thaaii? ai?noo aee?o ia ia?aaeuo? 0,04%, caaaeueiiai
a?eea – 0,06%, caaaeueiee iieaciee oi/iino? i?eno?ith neeaaea? 96,8%.

10. Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? ?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui ??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo
a?ae canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?iaeonoe/iiai i?eno?ith aeey aecia/aiiy ai?noo
aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe? neeaaea? a?eueo i?ae 5000 a?eaaiue i?e ianyc?
ae?iaieoeoaa oa ia?a?iaoe? iieiea a?eueo i?ae 2000 oiii ia ??e, a oa?i?i
ieoiiino? eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao aei??aith? 0,17 ?ieo.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O ssE? AENA?OETHTHOUe INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss
AeENA?OAOe??

1. sseiaeaa A.O., Aii/a?iaa Ae.I. Iaci? iaoiaeia ii?aaeaeaiey
niaea?aeaiey aee?a e aaeea a iieiea // Aaoiiaoecaoeey e
eiiiuethoa?ecaoeey a naeueneii oicyenoaa: Na.iao/i.o?. — I.; IAAO, 1995.
— n.66-68. (ocaaaeueiaiiy, eeaneo?eaoe?y iaoiae?a; aeiey caeiaoaa/a –
80%).

2. Aii/a?iaa Ae.I., sseiaeaa A.O. Iainiiaaiea ia?aiao?ia ecia?eoaeueiie
eaia?u yeaeo?iii-aeonoe/aneie nenoaiu eiio?iey niaea?aeaiey aee?a a
iieiea; Na.iao/.o?. – Iaeeoiiieue: OAAOA, 1996. — n.6-7. (iaa?oiooaaiiy
eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a aei??thaaeueii? eaia?e; aeiey caeiaoaa/a –
60%).

3. Aaeiiueaa A.A., Aii/a?iaa Ae.I. Aiaeec iiiaieiiiiiaioiuo aeeaeeeo
n?aae a oaoiieiae/aneeo eeieyo ia?a?aaioee naeueneioicyenoaaiiie
i?iaeoeoeee // I?iaeaie eiino?othaaiiy, ae?iaieoeoaa oa aenieoaoaoe??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? oaoi?ee: Ca.iaoe.i?. – E??iaia?aae: E?NI, –
1997. – n.121-123. (?ic?iaea oaoi?/ieo aeiia aei i?eno?ith eiio?ieth;
aeiey caeiaoaa/a – 55%).

4. Aii/a?iaa Ae.I., sseiaeaa A.O. Iiaeaee?iaaiea i?ioeanna eiio?iey
ea/anoaa iieiea aeonoe/aneei iaoiaeii // I?eeeaaeiay aaiiao?ey e
eiaeaia?iay a?aoeea: O?oaeu Oaa?e/aneie ainoaea?noaaiiie aa?ioaoie/aneie
aeaaeaiee. –aui.4. – O.1 – Iaeeoiiieue: OAAOA, 1997. — n.61-64.
(aiae?oe/i? oa iiiia?ao?/i? caeaaeiino?; aeiey caeiaoaa/a – 60%).

5. Aii/a?iaa Ae.I., sseiae?a A.O. Iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aiao??a i?ioeano
eiio?ieth ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe? iaoiaeii aeonoe/iiai
ciiaeoaaiiy // Oaoieea a naeueneioicyenoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa: O?oaeu
Oaa?e/aneie ainoaea?noaaiiie aa?ioaoie/aneie aeaaeaiee. –aui.1. – O.4 –
Iaeeoiiieue: OAAOA, 1998. — n.59-61. (ia?iaea oa aiae?c noaoenoe/ieo
aeaieo; aeiey caeiaoaa/a – 70%).

6. Aii/a?iaa Ae.I. Eiiieaeniee oeueo?acaoeiaee aiae?caoi? ye?niiai
neeaaeo iieiea // Oaoieea a naeueneioicyenoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa: O?oaeu
Oaa?e/aneie ainoaea?noaaiiie aa?ioaoie/aneie aeaaeaiee. –aui.1. – O.4 —
Iaeeoiiieue: OAAOA, 1998. — n.113-115.

7. Aii/a?iaa Ae.I. ?ic?iaea oa oaoi?/ia ?aae?caoe?y iaoiaeo eiio?ieth
ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe?: O?oaeu Oaa?e/aneie ainoaea?noaaiiie
aa?ioaoie/aneie aeaaeaiee. –aui.1. – O.8 – Iaeeoiiieue: OAAOA, 1998. —
n.27-30.

8. Aii/a?iaa Ae.I., sseiaeaa A.O. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue oeueo?acaoeiaiai
aiae?caoi?a ye?niiai neeaaeo iieiea: O?oaeu Oaa?e/aneie ainoaea?noaaiiie
aa?ioaoie/aneie aeaaeaiee. –aui.1. – O.8 – Iaeeoiiieue: OAAOA, 1998. —
n.21-26. (no?oeoo?ia noaia, aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino?, ia?iaea oa aiae?c
noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo; aeiey caeiaoaa/a — 70%).

9. Iao.23978A Oe?a?ia, IEE6 GO1N 29/02, GO1N 33/06 Niin?a aecia/aiiy
ai?noo aee?o a iieioe? / ?.?.Ia?oeiaiei, A.O.sseiae?a, Ae.I.Aii/a?iaa
(Oe?a?ia). – ?96114166; Caya. 05.11.96; Iioae. 31.08.98, Athe. ?4. – 5n.
(ia?aiao?e niiniao – oaiia?aoo?a na?aaeiaeua, /anoioa neaiaeo; aeiey
caeiaoaa/a — 35%).

10. Iao.24450A Oe?a?ia, IEE6 G01N 29/02 Oeueo?acaoeiaee i?eno??e aeey
aei??thaaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?e eiiiiiaio?a ??aeeiieo na?aaeiaeu /
?.?.Ia?oeiaiei, A.O.sseiae?a, A.I.Aaeii’?a, Ae.I.Aii/a?iaa (Oe?a?ia). —
?96072853; Caya. 16.07.96; Iioae. 30.10.98, Athe. ?5. – 5n. (noaii? oa
eiino?oeoeai? ??oaiiy i?eno?ith; aeiey caeiaoaa/a — 35%).

11. Aii/a?iaa Ae.I. E aii?ino ia aeonoe/aneii eiio?iea niaea?aeaiey
aee?a a iieiea // O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?. eiio. “Oeueo?acaoeiaay oaoieea e
oaoiieiaey”. – Ieine: AAOO, 1995. — n.10.

Aii/a?iaa Ae.I. Aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?io?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae iieiea aeey
aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea i?e ia?aeii?e ia?iaoe? iieiea ia
oaa?eiieoeueeeo oa?iao ? eiiieaenao. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.20.02 — Canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?ioaoiieia?e o
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?. — Oaa??enueea aea?aeaaia
aa?ioaoi?/ia aeaaeai?y, Iae?oiiieue, 1998.

I?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aca?iica’yceo i?ae oaeaee?noth oeueo?acaoea a iieioe?, eiai
o?ceei-o?i?/ieie aeanoeainoyie. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue
?ic?iaeaiee aeaeo?iaeonoe/iee iaoiae aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o oa a?eea a
iieioe?. Aia?oa io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? oa iiiia?ao?/i? caeaaeiino?, ye?
aeicaieythoue aecia/aoe eiioeaio?aoe?? aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe?.
Cae?eniaia oaoi?/ia ?aae?caoe?y ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo a i?eno?i? oa eiai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue i?eno?ith
iaa?oioiaaia oai?aoe/ii ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia i?aeoe/ii.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ai?no aee?o oa a?eea a iieioe?; oaeaee?noue oeueo?acaoea
a iieioe?; aeaeo?iaeonoe/iee iaoiae.

Goncharova D.N. Using of electrophysical properties of milk for
determination of fat and albumen concentration at the primary processing
of milk at stockbreeding farms and complexes. . – Manuscript.

Thesis for candidate of science degree competition on speciality
05.20.02 – Using of electrotechnologies application in agricultural
production. — Tavria State Academy, Melitopol,1998.

The dissertation contains the results of theoretical and experimental
researches of correlation between an Indication of electroacoustic
properties of milk — the speed of ultrasound in milk and it’s physical
and chemical properties. The electroacoustic method of determination of
fat and albumen concentration in milk has been developed according to
the results of the researches. For the first time analytic and
nomographic dependencies were obtained which allow to determine fat and
albumen concentration in milk. This method Is realised In device, that
introduced in production. The economical effectiveness of device Is
based on theory and substantiated by practice

Key words: fat and albumen concentration in milk; speed of ultrasound
in milk; electroacoustic method.

Aii/a?iaa Ae.I. Eniieueciaaiea yeaeo?ioece/aneeo naienoa iieiea aeey
ii?aaeaeaiey niaea?aeaiey aee?a e aaeea i?e ia?ae/iie ia?aaioea iieiea
ia aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo oa?iao e eiiieaenao. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.20.02 — I?eiaiaiea yeaeo?ioaoiieiaee a
naeueneioicyenoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa. — Oaa?e/aneay ainoaea?noaaiiay
aa?ioaoie/aneay aeaaeaiey, Iaeeoiiieue, 1998.

Iainiiaaia aeooaeueiinoue ?aaiou, ninoiyiea aii?ina, oeaeue e caaea/e
enneaaeiaaiee. Aiaeec enneaaeiaaoaeueneeo ?aaio, iinayuaiiuo ?ac?aaioea
iaoiaeia e ono?ienoa aeey ii?aaeaeaiey niaea?aeaiey aee?a e aaeea a
iieiea, iicaieee iaiaueoue e eeanneoeoee?iaaoue iaoiaeu, a oaeaea
noi?ioee?iaaoue o?aaiaaiey e iaoiaeo ii?aaeaeaiey ninoaaiuo /anoae
iieiea.

Aeey ioeaiee niaea?aeaiey aee?a, iauaai aaeea e nooiai iaacaee?aiiiai
iiei/iiai inoaoea (NIII) iooai ii?aaeaeaiey nei?inoe oeueo?acaoea a
iieiea oai?aoe/ii iainiiaaia acaeiinaycue iaaeaeo nei?inoueth
oeueo?acaoea e oeceei-oeie/aneeie naienoaaie iieiea. Aia?aua iieo/aiiua
aiaeeoe/aneea e iiiia?aoe/aneea caaeneiinoe iicaieytho ii?aaeaeyoue
eiioeaio?aoeee aee?a, iauaai aaeea e NIII.

I?eiaiaiea ecia?eoaeueiie eaia?u, a eiino?oeoeee eioi?ie ?aaeeciaai
i?eioeei “aeonoe/aneee eaae?eio” (iaoaio Oe?aeiu ?24450A), iicaieeei
iiauneoue oi/iinoue ecia?aiee. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey
acaeiinayce iaaeaeo nei?inoueth oeueo?acaoea a iieiea e eiioeaio?aoeeyie
aee?a, iauaai aaeea auyaeee, /oi i?e oaiia?aoo?a 140N i?e eciaiaiee
eiioeaio?aoeee NIII e iauaai aaeea niioaaonoaaiii io 7,7% aei 10% e io
3% aei 3,8% nei?inoue oeueo?acaoea a iieiea iaoiaeeony a i?aaeaeao
1474,1i/n…1480,3i/n. I?e oaiia?aoo?a ec aeeaiaciia oaiia?aoo?
200N…500N i?e oaaee/aiee eiioeaio?aoeee aee?a io 2% aei 4,5% n o/aoii
eciaiaiey ieioiinoe iieiea n 1027ea/i3 aei 1032ea/i3 nei?inoue
oeueo?acaoea a iieiea oaaee/eaaaony n 1487,25i/n aei 1554,75i/n.

Ii ?acoeueoaoai oai?aoe/aneiai aiaeeca e yenia?eiaioaeueiuo
enneaaeiaaiee onoaiiaeaii, /oi eioi?iaoeaiui ia?aiao?ii i eiee/anoaaiiii
ninoiyiee aeenia?niie oacu iieiea yaeyaony nei?inoue oeueo?acaoea, /oi
iicaieeei ia iniiaaiee eniieueciaaiey aeaiiiai iieacaoaey
yeaeo?iaeonoe/aneeo naienoa iieiea iainiiaaoue eiioeueniue
yeaeo?iaeonoe/aneee iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey niaea?aeaiey aee?a e aaeea,
oaoie/aneay ?aaeecaoeey eioi?iai inouanoaeaia a yeaeo?iaeonoe/aneii
ono?ienoaa (YAO), e eioi?iio iainiiaaiu oaoie/aneea o?aaiaaiey,
no?oeoo?a e ia?aiao?u auoiaeiuo neaiaeia aeieia, a oaeaea ?ac?aaioaia
no?oeoo?iay, ooieoeeiiaeueiay noaiu ono?ienoaa, ia eo iniiaa — noaiu
yeaeo?e/aneea i?eioeeieaeueiua aeieia e oceia YAO. ?ac?aaioea
iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee YAO iicaieeea aiaeeoe/anee iienaoue i?ioeann
i?aia?aciaaiey aoiaeiiai oeueo?acaoeiaiai neaiaea a oeeo?iaie eiae ia
auoiaea ono?ienoaa. Yeaeo?iaeonoe/aneia ono?ienoai aeey ii?aaeaeaiey
niaea?aeaiey aee?a e aaeea a iieiea iicaieyao ii cia/aieth nei?inoe
oeueo?acaoea a iieiea i?e oaiia?aoo?a 140N ii?aaeaeyoue niaea?aeaiea
iauaai aaeea e NIII, a ii cia/aieth nei?inoe oeueo?acaoea a iieiea i?e
oaiia?aoo?a ec aeeaiaciia oaiia?aoo? 200N…500N n o/aoii aaoiiaoe/anee
aaiaeeiie iii?aaee ia niaea?aeaiea NIII ii?aaeaeyoue niaea?aeaiea aee?a
a iieiea. YAO iiaeii eniieueciaaoue eae aaoiiiiii, oae e a nii?yaeaiee n
IYAI.

Enneaaeiaaiey e i?iecaiaenoaaiiua eniuoaiey ono?ienoaa a AI “Naaeiaiae”
(a.Naaanoiiieue, ?anioaeeea E?ui) e a ENI ei.O?oica (Iiaiiaeanneee
?aeii, Ieeieaaaneay iaeanoue) iieacaee, /oi i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue oeeeea
ecia?aiey iaeiie i?iau ninoaaeyao 70 naeoiae, a eino?oiaioaeueiay
iia?aoiinoue i?e ecia?aiee niaea?aeaiey aee?a ia i?aauoaao 0,04%, iauaai
aaeea — 0,06%.

Yeiiiie/aneay yooaeoeaiinoue yeaeo?iaeonoe/aneiai ono?ienoaa iainiiaaia
oai?aoe/anee e iiaeoaa?aeaeaia i?aeoe/anee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: niaea?aeaiea aee?a e aaeea a iieiea; nei?inoue
oeueo?acaoea a iieiea; yeaeo?iaeonoe/aneee iaoiae.

Eiii’thoa?ia aa?noea Aea?aaai/oe I.A.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 14.04.1999. Cai.? _____

Oi?iao 6084 1/16. Oia.-aeae. a?e. 1,0. Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

Aeaeaaie/ee a?aeae?e Oaa??enueei? aea?aeaai?e aa?ioaoi?/i?e aeaaeai??.

Aae?ana: 332312,.Oe?a?ia, Caii??cueea iae., i.Iaeioiiieue,

i?-o A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai, 18.

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