Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE:371

Eoooa Ia??y ?aai?aia

Aeoiaiee iaoe?iiaeueiee ?aeaae o oe?eueieoeoa? Caea?iaooy 20-30-o ?ie?a
OO noie?ooy

(ia iaoa??aeao oe?a?inueei? iaaeaaia?/ii? i?ane)

13.00.01. – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oaeai?iaenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio ?inoeooo? ?ioi?iaoeee,
aeiiii?ee ? i?aaa oa Caea?iaonueeiio ?inoeooo? iaoiaeeee iaa/aiiy ?
aeoiaaiiy, i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
OEIEIAOeUe Aaneeue Aaneeueiae/, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith iaaeaaia?ee,
ineoieia?? oa iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy Caea?iaonueeiai ?inoeoooo
iaoiaeeee iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy, i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe??
iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaeai?iaea
Aaneeue Eaeaieeiae/,

a/aiee nae?aoa?
Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia?
Oe?a?ie;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

?inoe Aaneeue Aaneeueiae/, ia/aeueiee oi?aae?iiy ina?oe
Caea?iaonueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: I?eea?iaonueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.N.Noaoaieea,

I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 22 aeiaoiy 1998 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.16 o Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252601, i.Ee?a, aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60,
aoae.317)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (i.Ee?a, aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 22 aa?aniy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Ieaoioi?e I.A.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue ? nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiino? oaie. Noniieueii-iieioe/ii oa
aeiiiii/ii i?ioeane, ui aiaeaoaathoueny a Oe?a?ii, aeiaaathoue iiaiai
iaaeaaiai/iiai aa/aiiy i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy o/iianueei? iieiaei. Aaaeeeaei
i iaaiaeeeaaeiei ia aeaiiio aoaii iinoa? caaaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy aa?iiiieii
?icaeiaii?, oai?/i? iniaenoinoi ia canaaeao iaoeiiiaeueii? naiiaooiinoi:
a?iiaaeyieia iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae, aoiaiinoa, iiniy aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e
iaoei?. ?aaeicaoeiy aeaiiai caaaeaiiy iaiiaeeeaa aac a?oioiaiiai i
ia’?eoeaiiai aea/aiiy iaaeaaiai/iiai ieioeiai oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo,
inoi?e/ieo ei?aiia iaaeaaiai/ieo yaeu i i?ioeania. Aeaea?aeii caaaa/aiiy
oai?i? i i?aeoeee iaoeiiiaeueii? nenoaie inaioe, aecia/aiiy
ia?niaeoeaieo oeyoia ?? ?icaeoeo ia no/aniiio aoaii neoaothoue
aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaeai iaoeiiiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy iiae?inoath/iai
iieieiiiy i aeoiaiiai iaeaaeo.

O iaaeaaiai/iie i?aeoeoei Oe?a?ie ua aei ia?oi? naioiai? aieie aoei
noi?ioeueiaaii eiioeaiooaeueii canaaee iaoeiiiaeueii? inaioe ?
aeoiaaiiy. Aiie ?icaeioo? o i?aoeyo oaeeo a/aieo i a?iiaaenueeeo
aeiy/ia, ye A.Aauaiei, A.A?aoeueiia, A.Aieioei, I.Aeooiiae/, N.?oniaa,
N.Ni?iiieei, ?.Noaoaiei, N.Oiiaoianueeee, E.Ooeinueeee, I.O?aiei,
I.THueoei oa iio?. O ?o iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo i??i?eoaoiei ?
aeoiaaiiy i?ae?inoath/eo iieie?iue ia canaaeao iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea?,
a??iino? iaoe?iiaeueiei ?aeaaeai. Iaeiae, iacaaaeath/e ia
oe?ieiianooaaio oaeeth oe?a?iicaoei? iiney 1918 ?ieo, i?iaeaia aeoiaiiai
iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo ia oa?aii iaoa?eeiai? Oe?a?ie ia o?eaaei ?iee
ia?anoaea aooe aeooaeueiith. Aeiyoie neeaaeathoue i?aoei aeaeaoiiai
oe?a?inueeiai iaaeaaiaa-aoiaiinoa A.Nooiieeinueeiai.

Eeoa o iinoia?aaoaeiaiee /an i?iaeaia aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo
ciiao noaea i?aaeiaoii aeineiaeaeaiiy aio/eciyii? iaaeaaiai/ii? iaoee.
Ieoaiiy, ui noinothoueny iaeaaeo ye iaoe aeoiaaiiy, ?icaeyaeathoueny
no/anieie oe?a?inueeeie a/aieie o ?iciiio eiioaenoi: iaoeiiiaeueiiai oa
?iaeeiiiai aeoiaaiiy — I.Ee?e/oe, A.Eocue, A.Iaeai?iaea, TH.?oaeaiei,
C.Na?aie/oe, A.Neo?aoianueeee, I.Noaeueiaoiae/, A.Nooia?ee; oeieiniiai
aeoiaaiiy iniaenoinoi — N.Ea?iai/oe, E.Eiaaeue, O.Eaa/aiei; ?icaeoeo
ia?iaeii? inaioe oa iaaeaaiai/ii? aeoiee a Oe?a?ii — A.Aeaenthe,
A.Caneoaeaithe, I.ss?ia/aiei; ciinoo iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano —
A.Aieei, I.Naa/aiei, I.Ii?ic oa iioi.

I/aaeaeiei ? oa, ui aianie Caea?iaooy o ?icaeoie iacaaii? i?iaeaie ia
caaaeueiioe?a?inueeiio ?iaii aeini iaeaaeiei /eiii ia aeineiaeaeaii.
I?iaeaia aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo ia oa?aii e?ath nai?i
inoi?e/iei ei?iiiyi nyaa? a ii/aoie — na?aaeeio OIO no. — /ane
aeeoo?aeiyeueiinoi aiaeiieo i?inaioieeia: I.Aaeoaeyinueeiai,
TH.Aooee-Aaiaeiia, A.Aeiaaiae/a, I.Aeooiiae/a, A.Eoeieueieea, I.I?eay
oa iioeo. Iniiaiei ciinoii ?o iaoeiai-iaaeaaiai/ieo iiaeyaeia aoei
iaa?oiooaaiiy iaiaoiaeiinoi iaa/aiiy i aeoiaaiiy aeioae ?iaeiith
iaoa?einueeith iiaith. Iaeiae a oiiaao oiaiiinoe/ii? inaioiuei? iieioeee
Aano?i-Oai?ueie ia Caea?iaoo? iiaeeea?noue ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai
oe?eueieoeoaa ia ii/aoeo OO no. aoea caaaeaia iaiiaaoeue.

Aeiyoeiai ni?eyoeeai oiiae aeey i?aeoe/ii? ?aaeicaoei? iaeay aeoiaiiai
iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo io?eiaea o oeieueieoeoai Caea?iaooy 20—30-o
?ieia OO no., aea inioaaee aeineoue oe?iei naiaiaee aeey iaoeiiiaeueieo
iaioei, iaaeaii /aoineiaaoeueeei o?yaeii (aei neeaaeo *aoineiaa//eie
Caea?iaooy iio?aieei o 1919 ?ioei caiaeii c Nai-AEa?iainueeei ie?iei
aeiaiai?ii). Iiyaa ?iaeiiiiaii? oeiee c oe?a?inueeith iiaith
aeeeaaeaiiy niiioeaea aei iiooeo iiaeo iaeaaeia aeoiaaiiy.

Aea/aiiy ?icieo aniaeoia ?icaeoeo oeieueieoeoaa Caea?iaooy cacia/aii?
aeiae aoei i?aaeiaoii aaaaoueio aeineiaeaeaiue. O i?aoeyo I.Aieaeeaea?a,
I.A?ai/aea, I.Iaai/iy, I.Iooeiee, I.Noa?/a, A.Ooaoaia iiaeaii aiaeic
inaioiuei-oeieueii? iieioeee /aoineiaaoeueeiai o?yaeo, ?icaeoeo
ia?aaeiai? iaaeaaiai/ii? aeoiee, aeiyeueiinoi i?ioanieieo o/eoaeuenueeeo
ia’?aeiaiue Caea?iaooy.Oe?a?iiciaa/? oa aoiiiaaeaaia?/i? ieoaiiy o
ci?no? ina?oiuei-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano ?icaeyaeathoueny o i?aoeyo
I.AEaaooea, A.Eaiiiy, I.Ieoaie/a. Ocaaaeueiaio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?icaeoeo
oeieueieoeoaa iacaaiiai ia?iiaeo aiiuothoue i?aoei A.Aiiiiiay oa
A.Iaiaoa. O aeena?oaoeieieo ?iaioao, o ?yaei iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, a ie?aieo
ioaeieaoeiyo ciaeoee aiaeia?aaeaiiy ieoaiiy inaioiuei-eoeueoo?ii?
aeiyeueiinoi i?ia?aneaiiai a/eoaeuenoaa e?ath (Ae.Aa?oethe, A.?inoe,
I.Oaeaoa), ?icaeoeo aeo?iaeinoeee oa eioa?aoo?e (I.Aeiaio, I.Einiaee,
I.Oeaioa), oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiiiaeueii? naiinaiaeiiinoi oa oe?a?inueei?
iaioaeueiinoi (I.Aaaao,I.Iiaeaiee, I.Naiueei), iieiaeiaeieo ?ooia oa
i?aaiicaoeie (I.Aayiianueea).

O oeeo ?iaioao aeaii aeeaieo, aaaaoiieaiiao, iaeiae iaiaeiicia/io
ioeiieo ?icaeoeo oeieueieoeoaa Caea?iaooy 20—30-o ?ieia OO no. Ia?iaeei
aiia ia? aioaaiiinoe/iee oa?aeoa?. Aei i?eeeaaeo, yeui a “Ia?enao
inoi?i? Caea?iaooy” (aieiaa ?aaeeieaai? i?ioani? I.A?ai/ae) ia?iiae
iaoeiiiaeueii-inaioiuei-eoeueoo?iiai aiae?iaeaeaiiy Caea?iaooy
cacia/aii? aeiae iioeiiiao?oueny ye cia/iee iinooi oia?aae, oi a i?aoeyo
A.Iaiaoa aii “caoueia?aiee iiaaeueiith /aoicaoei?th”. I?e oeueiio
eiiieaenia ioeiiea iaoe, ci?noo, caaaeaiue iaoeiiiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy o
oe?eueieoeoa? e?ath 20—30-o ?ie?a XXno. caeeoaeany iica oaaaith
iaoeiaoeia. Eeoa a inoaiii ?iee, eiee ciyoi iaeaieiai/ia oaao c ?yaeo
i?eiioieo iinoaoae ieioeiai Caea?iaooy, ie?aii aniaeoe iaoeiiiaeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy aeineiaeaeoaaeeny a eiioaenoi aea/aiiy iaoeiai-iaaeaaiai/ii?
niaaeueie A.Aieioeia, I.Ia?eooa, I.Iaiueeaae/a, A.Ooaoaia
aeineiaeieeaie ?.Aoaaeai, I.Ceiii?ath, I.Eeyi, A.Ooaeaie/ai oa iioeie.

?icaeyaeath/e nueiaiaeii aeoiaiee iaoeiiiaeueiee iaeaae ye iaeei c
eiiiiiaioia nenoaie iaoeiiiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy, aeioeieueii
i?iaiaeicoaaoe iaaeaaiai/ii iniiae oa ?ice?eoe ineoieiai-iaaeaaiai/ii,
nioeiaeueii iniaeeainoi oi?ioaaiiy aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo o
oeieueieoeoai Caea?iaooy 20—30-o ?ieia OO no. Iaeaieueo aeeaiei
aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe oea oiai/anii oe?a?iiiiaii iaaeaaiai/ii /aniiene,
?aaeaeoi?aie i aeaeaaoeyie yeeo aoee i?iaiaeii iaaeaaiae e?ath:
A.Aieioei, A.Ai?ii, I.Ia?eoo, I.Iaiueeaae/, TH.?aaae, . I?ioyaii aeaio
aeanyoeeioue inaioyinueea ia?iiaeeea aoea nai??iaeiei iieiaiiii, ia
yeiio aa?ooaaeeny a iaoeiiiaeueiiio aeoni i naii iaaeaaiae, i ?o
aeoiaaioei. Aecia/ia ?ieue iaaeaaiai/ii? i?ane aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
ia??iaeo iieyaaea a oiio, ui /aniiene aeei?enoiaoaaeeny o yeinoi
oiiaa?naeueiiai iiae?o/ieea c ?iaeii? iiae, eioa?aoo?e, inoi?i?,
e?a?ciaanoaa i ia?iaeei caiiiyee o/eoaeth iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iee
iiniaiee. Inaioyinueea ia?iiaeeea e?ath 20—30-o ?ieia OO no.
aeoioethaaea a niai i iiaea?iee ?a?iiaenueeee iaaeaaiai/iee aeinaiae,
aeeaieei ciaaoeai i i?iiaaaoi?ii yeiai aoa A.Aieioei, i iaaeaaiai/iee oa
aacaoy?nueeee iioaioeiae oe?a?inueeeo aiia?aioia o *aoineiaa//eii. sse
?acoeueoao, aiia noaea oei oaiiiaiii, eio?ee aeiiii?a i?noeaa?e oeie? o
/oae?e aea?aeaa? aeoiaaoe iaoe?iiaeueii iaeaooiaaio iieiaeue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ? a?aenooi?noue ocaaaeueithth/eo
?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c aeaii? i?iaeaie coiiaeee aea??
oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy “Aeoiaiee iaoe?iiaeueiee ?aeaae o
oe?eueieoeoa? Caea?iaooy 20-30-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy (ia iaoa??aeao
oe?a?inueei? iaaeaaia?/ii? i?ane) ”.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia aoiaeeoue
aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Caea?iaonueeiai ?inoeoooo iaoiaeeee
iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy, i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a
“?ic?iaea oaoiieia?/ieo iniia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iia?oi?o iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue a aaaaoiiaoe?iiaeueieo oeieao Caea?iaooy” (1996-2000
??.).

I?aaeiao aeineiaeaeaiiy — i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai
iaeaaeo caniaaie oe?a?inueei? iaaeaaiai/ii? i?ane Caea?iaooy 20—30-o
?ieia OO noieiooy.

Iaoa aeineiaeaeaiiy — ?ice?eoe nioe?aeuei? oa ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?
iniaeeainoi oi?ioaaiiy aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo o oeieueieoeoai
Caea?iaooy 20—30-o ?ieia OO noieiooy ia iniiai aiaeico iaaeaaiai/ii?
i?ane cacia/aii? aeiae; aecia/eoe iiaeeeai oeyoe aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai
aeinaiaeo a no/anieo oiiaao.

Caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy:

— ia iniia? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?e oa oe?a?inueei? iaaeaaia?/ii? i?ane
aecia/eoe iniiae iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aeaaeo o oeieueieoeoai Caea?iaooy
20—30-o ?ieia OO no.;

— aeyaeoe iniaeeainoi noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iaoeiiiaeueii? nenoaie
aeoiaaiiy o 20—30-i ?iee OO no. a oiiaao iieiaoii/iinoi Caea?iaooy;

— iaa?oiooaaoe ci?no ? nooi?noue oe?a?inueei? iaaeaaiai/ii? i?ane
Caea?iaooy 20—30-o ?ieia OO no. o oi?ioaaiii aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai
iaeaaeo a o/iianueei? iieiaei;

— ?ic?iaeoe i?iiiceoe?? ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oai?/iai canoinoaaiiy
aeinaiaeo oi?ioaaiiy aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo o iaaeaaiai/iie
i?aeoeoei nueiaiaeaiiy.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue ia??iae 1919—1939 ?ie?a
XX no. Eiai ieaeiy iaaea aecia/a?oueny ii/aoeii ye?nii iiaeo
ina?oiuei-oe?eueieo ia?aoai?aiue ia Caea?iaoo?, aeoea?caoe??th an?o
noi??i iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeeooy caea?iaonueeeo oe?a?ioe?a, ui aoee
coiiaeai? aoiaeaeaiiyi e?ath aei neeaaeo *aoineiaaoeueei? ?anioae?ee,
aa?oiy — ca?aa?oueny c ooai?aiiyi ? ae?yeuei?noth Ea?iaoioe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaae.

Oai?aoe/io iniiao aeineiaeaeaiiy neeaee i?aoei aeaeaoieo iaaeaaiaia
A.Aauaiea, A.Aieioeia, I.Aeooiiae/a, N.?oniai?, N.N??iiieea,
A.Nooiieeinueeiai, E.Ooeinueeiai; inoi?eeia, oieinioia, ineoieiaia,
nioeiieiaia c i?iaeai oai?i? oa inoi?i? iaaeaaiaiee, eiioeaiooaeueii
iieiaeaiiy Aea?aeaaii? iaoeiiiaeueii? i?ia?aie “Inaioa” (Oe?a?ia OO?
noieiooy), Eiioeaioeiy iaoeiiiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oioo?oueny ia
canaaeao iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy, ae?aeaeoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o aca?iiae??,
aca?iiaieea?a aoi?/iiai, caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueiiai ? na?oiaiai o
noni?eueiiio i?ia?an?; aoiai?caoe?? i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo noinoie?a;
aaaaoioaeoi?iino? e ?ioaa?aoeaiino? ina?oi?o i?ioean?a.

Aeaea?aeiciaa/o aaco aeineiaeaeaiiy neeaee a?oiaii iaoa?iaee
Aea?aeaaiiai a?oiao Caea?iaonueei? iaeanoi, oe?a?inueea iaaeaaiai/ia
i?ana Caea?iaooy 20—30-o ?ieia OO no., cai?ieee aeieoiaioia, caioe i
noaoenoe/ii aiaeiiinoi c aeiyeueiinoi oeieueieo i?aaiia, iaaeaaiai/ieo
oiaa?enoa, iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia, inoi?eei-iaaeaaiai/ia eioa?aoo?a,
niiaaaee ina?oyi ? a?iiaaenueeeo ae?y/?a cacia/aii? aeiae.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? o aecia/aiii nooi iiiyooy
“aeoiaiee iaoeiiiaeueiee iaeaae”; a inoi?eei-iaaeaaiai/iiio aiaeici
aieeao noniieueieo oaeoi?ia ia oi?ioaaiiy aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai
iaeaaeo; a iaa?oiooaaiii aeaiie?aoe/ii? i aoiaiinoe/ii? ni?yiiaaiinoi
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano o oeieao Caea?iaooy 20—30-o ?ieia OO no.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa?:

— o nenoaiiiio aiaeici oe?a?inueei? iaaeaaiai/ii? i?ane Caea?iaooy
20—30-o ?ieia OO no. i aecia/aiii ?? aieeao ia oi?ioaaiiy aeoiaiiai
iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo;

— a iaa?oiooaaiii iniia oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoinoi o ciinoi iaoeiiiaeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy o/iianueei? iieiaei ia iaoa?iaeao oe?a?inueei? iaaeaaiai/ii?
i?ane Caea?iaooy 20—30-o ?ieia OO no.;

— o oai?aoe/i?e ioeiioei aianeo o/eoaeuenueeeo ia’?aeiaiue,
eoeueoo?ii-inaioiio aeiy/ia oa ie?aieo iaaeaaiaia o i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy
oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai oeieueieoeoaa ia Caea?iaooi o 20—30-i ?iee
OO no.;

— o iaoeiaee iaia aaaaeaii iiai aeieoiaioe, inoi?e/ii oaeoe, iia’ycaii
c ?icaeoeii oeieueieoeoaa, iiaa?iooi iacaneoaeaii caaooi iiaia
oe?a?inueeeo iaaeaaiaia-aiia?aioia, i?e/aoieo aei oai?aiiy
iaoeiiiaeueii? oeiee Caea?iaooy o 20—30-i ?iee OO no.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui iaea?aeaii ?acoeueoaoe i
aeniiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii i?e neeaaeaiii
iiae?o/ieeia, iiniaieeia, iioi? iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ii? eioa?aoo?e,
i?iaaaeaiii i?inaioieoeueei? ?iaioe na?aae iaaeaaiai/ii? a?iiaaenueeinoi
i ianaeaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o nenoaiiiio aiae?c? oe?a?inueei?
iaaeaaia?/ii? i?ane Caea?iaooy 20-30-o ?ie?a OO no., aecia/aii? ??
aieeao ia oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aeaaeo iieiae?, a iaa?oiooaaii?
iniiaieo ?aeae ? iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie.Iiiia?aoi/ii
i?aoei aaoi?a “?ieue iaaeaaiai/ii? i?ane Caea?iaooy (20—30-? ?iee OO
no.) o oi?ioaaiii aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo” (Oaeai?iae, 1997. —
52 n.), “Aeieo?i Eeeiioo — aieiaiee eiiaiaeaio “Ea?iaonueei? Ni/i”
(Oaeai?iae, 1997. — 104 n.), “Caea?iaoioe?a?inueea eioa?aoo?a 20—30-o
?ieia OO noieiooy: iiooe aeoiaiiai iaeaaeo” (Oaeai?iae, 1998. — 92 n.),
“Nioeiaeueii-iaaeaaiai/ii iniiae oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoinoi” (Oaeai?iae,
1998. — 92 n.) aeei?enoiaothoueny a Oaeai?iaenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? (eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia??) oa a oeieao iaeanoi o
yeinoi iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo iiniaieeia.

Ai?iaaoeiy i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiiy caeienithaaeeny
/a?ac ioaeieaoei? aaoi?a, iiae /an aenooiia ia iiaeia?iaeieo,
anaoe?a?inueeeo, iaeanieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioeiyo, oaeeo ye:
“Ioi?iia aeiaeieey: no/anii aeineiaeaeaiiy a aeieiai? i iie?iaiieiai?”
(Oaeai?iae, 1997), “Oai?aoe/ii i iaoiaee/ii canaaee oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e
nooaeaionueei? oa o/iianueei? iieiaei” (Ee?a, 1997), “I?iaeaie
iineyaeeieiiii? inaioe iaaeaaiaia” (Oaeai?iae, 1997, 1998),
“O?ainoi?iaoeiy aoiaiioa?ii? inaioe” (Oaeai?iae, 1998), “Ii/aoeiaa
inaioa: nueiaiaeii i caao?a” (Ioea/aai, 1998), “Aei 150-?i//y
neia’yinueeiai c’?caeo o I?aci” (Oaeai?iae, 1998), “Caea?iaonueea
Oe?a?ia a neeaaei *aoineiaa//eie (1919—1939 ?iee)” (I?yoia, 1998) oa
iioeo; caioieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioeiyo Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iinoeoooo iioi?iaoeee, aeiiiiiee i i?aaa (1996—1998) oa Caea?iaonueeiai
iinoeoooo iaoiaeeee iaa/aiiy i aeoiaaiiy, iiaeaeuaiiy eaaeioieaoei?
iaaeaaiai/ieo eaae?ia (1993—1998). Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
iioae?eiaai? o o?eiaaeoeyoe iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, nienie yeeo iiaeaii
iai?ee?ioe? aaoi?aoa?aoo.

No?oeoo?a oa iniiaiee ciino aeena?oaoei?

Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny ic anooio, o?ueio ?icaeieia, aeniiaeia,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoeia.

O anooii iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeueiinoue ia?aii? oaie, aecia/aii i?aaeiao,
iaoo aeineiaeaeaiiy, eiai iniiaii caaaeaiiy; ?ice?eoi aeaea?aeueio aaco,
iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia i i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy caeiaooeo ?acoeueoaoia.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei “?icaeoie oeieueieoeoaa Caea?iaooy o 20—30-i ?iee OO
no.” aenaioeaii iniiaii oaiaeaioei? ?icaeoeo oeieueieoeoaa Caea?iaooy a
oiiaao *aoineiaaoeueei? ?anioaeiee.

O oiaei aeineiaeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui 20—30-i ?iee OO no. a inoi?i?
Caea?iaooy — oea ia??iae, iicia/aiee ?icaoaeiaith inaioiuei? aaeoci i
ia?oith aaeaeith ni?iaith ?? oe?a?iicaoei?. Ooaa?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei?
iaea? a oeieueieoeoai ianaiia?aae aoei ni?e/eiaia iiaeie noniieueieie,
nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ieie iiaeeeainoyie, yei aiaee?eeeny aeey e?ath a
oiiaao aeaiie?aoe/iiai eaaeo oiai/anii? *aoineiaa//eie.

O ?icaeiei iaaaaeaii aeaii i?i oa, ui i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei?
iaoeiiiaeueii? oeiee ia Caea?iaooi aeineiaeaeoaaii? aeiae aiaeaea ia
niai anth noia?a/iinoue oiaeioiueiai noniieueiiai aeeooy, /ioei ie?aneea
iiceoei? ?icieo iieioe/ieo oa?oiiaaiue, iaeaieiai/ieo iai?yieia i oa/ie.

Aaaeeeaa ?ieue o ?icaeoeo iaaeaaiai/ii? aeoiee a e?a? iaeaaeaea
Iaaeaaiai/iiio Oiaa?enoao Iiaeea?iaonueei? ?oni (1924 ?.) oa
ia?iaeiaaoeueeiio inaioiueiio oiaa?enoao “O/eoaeuenueea a?iiaaea” (1929
?.). Ia iniiai iaoa?iaeia I i II c’?caeia Iaaeaaiai/iiai Oiaa?enoaa
aaoi?ii aecia/aii eiei i?ioanieieo caoeieaaeaiue o/eoaeuenoaa e?ath i
aeie?aieaii ?yae aeooaeueieo i?iaeai:

— ?aoi?ioaaiiy oeiee o iai?yii “aeiyeueii?, i?aeoe/ii? i ?iaeiiiiaii?
oe?a?inueei?”;

— aeaeaiiy iiae?o/ieeia i iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo iiniaieeia
oe?a?inueeith iiaith;

— iiooe iiaeo iiaeoiaeia aei aeoiaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi aeooiaieo iio?aa
aeeoeie, ?? i?e?iaeieo iioaeaeooaeueieo iiaeeeainoae;

— i?aaiicaoeiy i?inaioieoeueei-eoeueoo?ii? ?iaioe na?aae ianaeaiiy
e?ath.

Aiaeic caiaeiieaiue oeie i aiiiacie ca 20—30-i ?iee OO no. aea?
iiaenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui a oeae ia?iiae ia Caea?iaoo? oi?io?oueny
nenoaia iaoeiiiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy o/iia. Aaaeeeaa ?ieue o ?? ?icaeoeo
iaeaaeaea iaeaeiiio i?iaiaeieeo i?ia?aneaiiai a/eoaeuenoaa e?ath
aeineiaeaeoaaiiai ia?iiaeo A.Aieioeio i oe?a?inueeie iaoeiai-inaioiie
aiia?aoei? ia oa?aii *aoineiaa//eie (1918—1945 ?iee). Cie?aia, o i?aoeyo
N.?oniai? oa N.Ni?iiieea, /ey iaoeiaa i a?iiaaenueea aeiyeueiinoue o
iaaiie ii?i aoee iia’ycaii ic Caea?iaooyi 20—30-o ?ieia, iaaieiooaaeiny,
ui oeiea i aeoiaaiiy iathoue ooieoeiiioaaoe o aiaeiiaiaeiinoi aei iio?aa
nai?? e?a?ie i iaoei?. O aeaiiio eiioaenoi aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey ian
iathoue iiaeyaee N.?oniai? oa A.Aieioeia ia aeoiaiee iaoeiiiaeueiee
iaeaae. O ?o iaoeiaiio o?aeooaaiii, oea iaeaae aa?iiiieii ?icaeiaii?
iniaenoinoi, i?aoeaethaii?, aoiaiii?, /anii?, aenieiii?aeueii?. Iniiao
oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo, ia aeoieo iaaeaaiaia, iathoue
neeanoe o?enoeyinueei iaeaaee aeia?a, e?ane, ni?aaaaeeeainoi.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei “Oe?a?inueea iaaeaaiai/ia i?ana Caea?iaooy 20—30-o
?ieia OO no. oa ?? ?ieue o iaoeiiiaeueiiio aeoiaaiii iieiaei” ?ice?eoi
aeoiee iaaeaaiai/ii? i?ane aeineiaeaeoaaiiai ia?iiaeo ia oa?aii e?ath,
aecia/aii ?? aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy a o/iia iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo.

Aeoiaey/e ic caaaeaiue, ciinoo, ooieoeiiiaeueiiai ni?yioaaiiy
iaaeaaiai/ii? i?ane 20—30-o ?ieia OO no., aaoi? aecia/a? ?? nioe?aeueio
?ieue, a?oiooth/enue ia oaeeo aeaea?aeao:

— iaoeiai-iaaeaaiai/ii /aniiene (“Iiaeea?iaonueea ?onue” (1923—1936
??.);

— oaoiai iaaeaaiai/ii /aniiene (“O/eoaeue” (1920—1936 ??.),
“O/eoaeuenueeee aiein” (1930—1938 ??.), “Iaoa oeiea” (1935—1938 ??.);

— aeeoy/i iaaeaaiai/ii /aniiene (“I/ieea” (1923—1932 ??.), “Iao ?iaeiee
e?ae (1922—1938 ??.), “Aiii/ie aeey iiaeea?iaonueeeo
aeioi/ie”(1920—1923??.;1927—1938??.).

AEo?iae “Iiaeea?iaonueea ?onue” c 1923 ii 1925 ?ie aeoiaeea o naio ye
iaoeiaa aeaeaiiy i aiiuoaaa noaooi c inoi?i?, aaia?aoi?, aaieiai?,
i?e?iaeiciaanoaa, ienoaoeoaa, eioa?aoo?e, aeeooy i iiaooo naeyi,
oieueeei?ii ?icaiaeee. O 1925 ?ioei aii noaa i?aaiii Iaaeaaiai/iiai
Oiaa?enoaa Iiaeea?iaonueei? ?oni. Iaeaaaeeeaioeie i?iaeaiaie aeaeaaoei
“Iiaeea?iaonueei? ?oni” aaaaeaee iiaeaioiaeo i aeaeaiiy iiae?o/ieeia i
ooaeiaeiio eiea ?iaeiith iiaith, ?aoi?ioaaiiy ai?iaeainueei? oeiee oa
nenoaie iiaeaioiaee a/eoaeuenueeeo eaae?ia, ?ino eieueeiniiai oa
yeiniiai neeaaeo Iaaeaaiai/iiai Oiaa?enoaa Iiaeea?iaonueei? ?oni.
*aniien ia?oei o e?aeiaie iaaeaaiaioei aaia aei iaoeiaiai iaiao oa?iii
“e?a?ciaanoai”, i ia eiai noi?iieao ooaa?aeaeo?oueny aeoiea i?i oa, ui
aa?iiiieiee ?icaeoie iniaenoinoi ia?aaeonii caaacia/o? iaoea i?i ?iaeiee
e?ae. Ea?oth/enue iath, aeaeaaoei aeo?iaeo aecia/eee i?ii?eoaoieie o
nai?e aeiyeueiinoi oaei iai?yie:

— cai? oa iaia?iaeoaaiiy oieueeei?ieo iaoa?iaeia (cae/a?, iiai?’y,
ai?iaeiiiy, i?eiiaee, aayiiy, ?icaeayii e aaeeeiaeii ia?e e iinii);

— aeineiaeaeaiiy c inoi?i? iaoa?iaeueii? eoeueoo?e, aiaeic aeaaiio
?oeiienia, ciaeaeaieo ia oa?eoi?i? e?ath;

— ?aoeaici? inoi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo i?aoeue oa ooaeiaeiio oai?ia.

AEo?iae “O/eoaeue” aoa oaoiaei aeaeaiiyi, aae?aniaaiei nooi i?ioanieiie
o/eoaeuenueeie aoaeeoi?i?, i iniiaia nai? caaaeaiiy aaa/aa o ia’?aeiaiii
i?ia?aneaii? iioaeiaaioei? e?ath o ni?aai ?icaoaeiae iiai? oeiee.
*aniien iaa oaei iinoieii ?oa?eee: “Ia?iaeia ainieoai?”, “Aeoiaai? i
iao/iaai?”, “Ec aeeaioa o/eoaeueneie i?aaiecaoei?”, “Ec eiino?aiiiai
oeieuenoaa”, “Eeoa?aoo?a e iiaeiee”, “Noaoi thaeeaeii”, yei
aenaioethaaee ieoaiiy aeeaeaeoeee, ineoieiai?, iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy
i?aaeiaoia, oai?i? aeoiaaiiy, ciaeiieee inaioyi c ia?aaeiaei
iaaeaaiai/iei aeinaiaeii ca?oaiaeieo e?a?i, eioa?aoo?ieie iiaeieaie
e?ath.

Ae?ioaiiy i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo oai?oei
aeo?iaeo aaa/aee o ianooiiiio:

— iniiaith oeieueiiai aeoiaaiiy o/iia iiaeiii aooe iaoeiiiaeueia: “oeiea
ia? iiaeaaaoe aeioyi /oanoai iaoeiiiaeueiinoe, uiau iioiio ciaee, ui iie
nooue e eoi iie nooue” (O/eoaeue. —1927. —?3. —N.97.);

— iaoa aeoiaaiiy iieyaa? a “ia?aciaaii /ieiaiea o?oaey/iai, yeee au o
i?aoei aeyaeaa caiia uanoy, /ieiaiea ?icoiiiai, aeaai?iaeiiai e
ii?aeueiiai” (O/eoaeue. —1931. —?1-2. —N.15.), oiaoi i?aoey, ?icoi i
ii?aeueiinoue ? aecia/aeueieie o iaoi oiai/aniiai aeoiaaiiy;

— i?ii?eoaoiei o ciinoi iaoeiiiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy aaaaea?oueny
oi?ioaaiiy oa?aeoa?o i iaioaeueiinoi: “ia?oa auoiaoeii iao?iioa, iioii
ai?iaeaieia, a auneiaeii aoaea ethaeeia e /eai noniieueiinoe. Ia?ia
iao/eoe ethaeoe a ia?oo /a?ao nai?, a iioii /oaea” (O/eoaeue. —1934.
—?5-6. —N.182.);

— oi?ioaaiiy naioiaeyaeo aaco?oueny ia aoiiiaoeiiiaeueiie iniiai, ia
iiciaiii ca oi?ioeith: “aiae naiai — aei /oaeiai”, a ia iaaiaee.

Ii?aeueia aeoiaaiiy ye iniiaa iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo ?icaeyaea?oueny a
o?ueio aniaeoao: o/eoaeue aiaeiiaiaea? a iaeiaeiaie ii?i ye ca ciaiiy,
oae i ca ii?aeueiinoue nai?o o/iia; ii?aeueia aeoiaaiiy caeeaaeaia a
onio i?aaeiaoao; ii?aeueiinoue ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaoeiiiaeueiinoi.
O nenoaii aeoiaieo aieeaia ia iniaenoinoue “?iaeeia — oeiea —
noniieuenoai” iniaeeaa ?ieue aiaeaiaeeeany oeiei, oiio ui aiia:

— oi?io? iaoeiaee naioiaeyae;

— ni?ey? nioeiaeicaoei? iniaenoinoi;

— aeoiao? iaoeiiiaeueii-a?iiaaeyinueei ?ene.

Oi?iaeiaae ia?oeo i’yoe ?ieia inioaaiiy aeo?iae i?aoethaaa iaae
noai?aiiyi i?ia?aie aeaiie?aoecaoei? oiai/anii? oeiee, yea ia?aaeaa/aea
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy aoiinoa?e aeiai?’y, aoiaiieo noinoieia iiae aeoiaaioeyie
i iaaeaaiaii. O oeaio?i oaaae inoaiiueiai — “aeooa aeeoeie” c ??
iio?aaaie, oiiaeiaaiiyie, iiaeeeainoyie. Eiioeaiooaeueii canaaee
i?ia?aie caeeaaeaii o aeanyoe caiiaiaeyo o/eoaeth, ui aoee i?iaieioaii
ia I c’?caei Iaaeaaiai/iiai Oiaa?enoaa Iiaeea?iaonueei? ?oni (1925 ?.).

Ia noi?iieao /aniienia “O/eoaeuenueeee aiein” i “Iaoa oeiea”
iaoeiiiaeueiee iaeaae ?icaeyaea?oueny ye neeaaeiaa aeooiaiinoi
iniaenoinoi, ineieueee ?icaeoie aeooiaieo nee eiaeiiai ia?iaeo, iaaioue
eiai iaoa?iaeueia noaiiaeua i aeia?iaoo iiaeeeai ca aeaio oiia:

— aeoiaaiiy iieiaei ia? iaoeiiiaeueiee oa?aeoa?;

— iaa/aiiy i aeoiaaiiy caeienith?oueny ?iaeiith iaoa?einueeith iiaith.

C 1923 ii 1924 ?iee aeo?iae “I/ieea” aoa iethno?iaaiei aeiaeaoeii aei
“Iiaeea?iaonueeiai i/iey?noaa” i aiiuoaaa noaooi, caiioee, ai?oi,
iiiaiaeaiiy, yei iaa/aee iieiaeue oeieaaiio ?aianeo aaeaeiey?noaa. O
1924 ?. “I/ieea” ii/aea aeoiaeeoe ye ie?aia i?e?iaeie/a aeaeaiiy.
Iiciaaaeueiee oa?aeoa? /aniieno ?ice?eaaany a eiai eiioeaioei?:

— noaooi i caiioee c iaoee i?e?iaeiciaanoaa;

— oeieaai yaeua i?e?iaee, aeiaoiaee, aiaee?eooy, i?eaiaee;

— caaaaeee, ?aaone, oa?aaee;

— ii?aaee a/eoaeyi i ?iaee/ai.

O 1928 ?ioei aiaeaoeany ia?ai?i?ioaoeiy /aniieno c i?e?iaeie/iai ia
caaaeueiiiaaeaaiai/iee, yeee noaaea niai ca iaoo ooaa?aeaeoaaoe a o/iia
a?iiaaeyinueeinoue, aeoiaoaaoe ?o iao?iioaie, i?iiaaoaaoe inoeiii
caaaeueiiethaenueei oeiiiinoi. Aeoiaiee iaoeiiiaeueiee iaeaae, yeee
i?aaioee aeiianoe aei /eoa/a aeaeaaoei “I/ieee”, aoiethaaa oaei ?ene, ye
/anoue, aiaeiinoue, ii?yaeiinoue, aeia?ioa, ni?aaaaeeeainoue, ethaia aei
Aaoueeiaueie, aei i?e?iaee ?iaeiiai e?ath. Iaoeiiiaeueiee iaeaae, ia
aeoieo aeaeaaoe?a /aniieno, ?aae?co?oueny o oaeeo iai?yieao aeoiaaiiy,
ye:

— oice/ia (oieania);

— o?oaeiaa;

— iaoeiiiaeueii-iao?iioe/ia;

— anoaoe/ia;

— aeieiai/ia (aac aaeeaaiiy oa?iiio).

Oice/ia (oieania) aeoiaaiiy ni?yiiaoaaeiny ia i?euaieaiiy caei?iaiai
niiniao aeeooy, ia oa, ye oieeiooe caoai?thaaiue, ye iicaooeny
oeiaeeeaeo cae/ie. E?ii oiai, ?aaeicaoei? aeaiiai iai?yieo aeoiaaiiy
ni?eyea oaiaoe/ia iieiaeiaeia noi?iiea “Ieano”.

Aaeeeiai cia/aiiy iaaeaaaea ?aaeeieaaiy o?oaeiaiio aeoiaaiith
iiae?inoath/iai iieieiiiy. AEo?iae aiiuoaaa ?aeeaiii iiaiaeiieaiiy i?i
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei eieae, c yeeo iiaeia aoei ii/a?iiooe iiai
oaoiieiai? aaaeaiiy aeiiaoiueiai ainiiaea?noaa. Oea aeeeeeaei
caoeieaaeaiiy o thiiai /eoa/a i niiioeaei aei oiai, uia “i?aoethaaoe e
aeey aeaniiai aeia?a e aeey iiaeianaiy aeia?iaooo naiai ia?iaea”.

Iaoeiiiaeueii-iao?iioe/ia aeoiaaiiy caeienithaaeiny caniaaie
ooaeiaeiueiai neiaa, iina?aaeieoeoaii oai?ia O.Oaa/aiea, I.Oaoeaae/a.
I.O?aiea, N.?oaeainueeiai, A.Eaieiai, A.A?aiaeaei-Aeiinueeiai,
TH.Ai?oioa-Eoi’yonueeiai, I.Iiaeai?yiee.

Anoaoe/ia aeoiaaiiy iaeaaeaeioa caeienithaaeiny /a?ac ?oa?eeo
“Iaaeaaiai/ii aaniaeu c ?iaee/aie i o/eoaeyie”, aea iiaeia aoei
aeiciaoeny i?i iiai ia?iiaee/ii aeaeaiiy, thaiea? ienueiaiieeia, ?ieue
ia?iaeii? iinii, oaao?o a iniaenoiniiio, aeooiaiiio noaiiaeaiii
ethaeeie.

Aeieiai/ia aeoiaaiiy ye iaeei ic caniaia oi?ioaaiiy naioiaeyaeieo
iiceoeie o/iia ?icaeaaeiny ca /ioe?ia iniiaieie iai?yieaie:

— aeoiaaiiy ethaia? aei i?e?iaee ?iaeiiai e?ath;

— aa?aaeeeaa ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia caiei;

— caa?aaeaiiy e?ane ?iaeiiai e?ath i i?eiiiaeaiiy eiai aaaaonoa;

— inieneaiiy aeooiaii? aa?oinoi ethaeeie /a?ac ?? noaaeaiiy aei
i?e?iaee.

AEo?iae “Iao ?iaeiee e?ae” aoaeoaaa naith aeiyeueiinoue ia canaaeao
aoiiiaaeaaiaiee i e?a?ciaanoaa. Iniiaia eiai iaaeaaiai/ia e?aaei —
oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoinoi ia caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oeiiiinoyo, ui
neeaaeathoue iaeaaee aeia?a, e?ane i ni?aaaaeeeainoi. Iaiieaaeeai i
iineiaeiaii ooaa?aeaeoth/e i?ii?eoaoiinoue aoiiiaaeaaiaiee i
ia?iaeiciaanoaa, ?iaeeiiiai aeoiaaiiy i niiaeieo aeooiaieo oeiiiinoae o
oi?ioaaiii a?iiaaeyieia i iao?iioa, oai?oei aeo?iaeo aeei?enoiaoaaee
?icii aeai?e oieueeei?o — i?eneia’y, iiai?’y, iinii, eacee, aayiiy
(caaiai?thaaiiy), ui aoieththoue aeeaeaeoe/ii i?eioeeie ia?iaeii?
iaaeaaiaiee. I?eeo/aiiy thiiai /eoa/a aei aeooiaieo nea?aia ieioaoeie
a?aeaoaaeiny ia?aeaeueii c oi?ioaaiiyi iaoeiaiai naioiaeyaeo, c
iinooiiaei iiaeieaiiyi no?aoo ia?aae iac?icoiieeie yaeuaie i?e?iaee.

AEo?iae iaa iaaaeyeee aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy aoii/ii? naiinaiaeiiinoi
?oneiia-oe?a?ioeia. Aaeaei aeia?aii aeiaeiae aeoiaoaaee o /eoa/a
ai?aeinoue ca naie ?iae, ?icoiiiiy i?eiaeaaeiinoi ia oieueee aei
?oneinueei? aoii/ii? nii’?, aea e aei oe?a?inueei? iaoei?. O
iiaeaoii/ieo noinoieao /aniien i?iiiaiaeoaaa oiea?aioiinoue,
aeaaaeaiinoue, iiaaao aei iiae, cae/a?a, o?aaeeoeie noniaeia.

C 1927 ?ieo a aeo?iaei “Iao ?iaeiee e?ae” ii/aa aeoiaeeoe aeiaeaoie
“Aiii/ie aeey iiaeea?iaonueeeo aeioi/ie”, yeee o 1920—1923 ?ieao aoa
ie?aiei aeaeaiiyi. Aeiaeaoie aiiuoaaa eacee, iinii, ai?oi oa iiiaiaeaiiy
i aoa aae?aniaaiee iaeiieiaeoei /eoa/ai. Iniiaia oaia oai?ia
iia’ycoaaeany c e?anith i i?e?iaeieie aaaaonoaaie e?ath. Oiio “Aiii/ie
aeey iiaeea?iaonueeeo aeioi/ie” aeoiaoaaa ethaia aei ??aeiiai neiaa,
aei Aaoueeiaueie, a/ea aa/eoe i?ae?ania i oai?eoe eiai ia caiei nai?o
aaoueeia.

Ciino iaaeaaiai/ieo /aniienia, ?o i?iaeaiaoeea, oi?ia aeeeaaeo aoee
iiaeii?yaeeiaaii aeoiaaiith iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo, ui aoiethaaa ?ene
iaoeiiiaeueii naiaeiiiai a?iiaaeyieia, iao?iioe/ii iaeaooiaaii?,
aeooiaii aaaaoi?, aa?iiiieii ?icaeiaii? i ii-ainiiaea?nueeiio
ni?yiiaaii? iniaenoinoi.

O o?aoueiio ?icaeiei “Aeei?enoaiiy ia?aaeiaiai iaaeaaiai/iiai aeinaiaeo
20—30-o ?ieia OO no. a oiiaao ?icaoaeiae Oe?a?inueei? iacaeaaeii?
aea?aeaae” aeeeaaeaii iiaeyaee aio/eciyieo i ca?oaiaeieo a/aieo ia
i?iaeaio aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo, iieacaii iaeaieueo i?eeiyoii
oi?ie i caniae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia?aaeiaiai iaaeaaiai/iiai aeinaiaeo
20—30-o ?ieia OO no. o i?aeoeeo nueiaiaeaiiy.

Ia iniiai ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoaoia iaoeiaiai iiooeo aaoi?ii aecia/aii
iniiaii aniaeoe i?iaeaie, yei iieyaathoue o ianooiiiio:

— aeoiaiee iaeaae — oea iaaeaaiai/ia iiaeaeue i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
iniaenoinoi;

— ineoieiai-iaaeaaiai/iee aiaeic oeueiai i?ioeano aea? oyaeaiiy i?i
no?oeoo?o aa?iiiieii ?icaeiaii? iniaenoinoi, yea aeeth/a?
ii?aeueii-aieueiai yeinoi, iioaeaeo, caei?ia’y, ii/oooy e?ane;

— iaeaae iniaenoinoi — oea eiioeaaa iaoa noni?eueiiai aeoiaaiiy;

— aeoiaiee iaoeiiiaeueiee iaeaae — oea oyaeaiiy iaoei? i?i ethaeeio, yea
? aci?oeai aeineiiaeinoi. Aii ia?aaeaa/a? canai?iiy caaaeueiiethaenueeeo
oeiiiinoae ia aoiiiaoeiiiaeueiiio a?oioi;

— iniiao oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo neeaaeathoue ii?aeueii
yeinoi iniaenoinoi — aeia?i, e?ana, i?aaaea, ni?aaaaeeeainoue.

O aeine?aeaeaii? aeieacaii cia/aiiy oeeo iiceoe?e aeey nueiaiaeaiiy.

No/ania caea?iaonueea ia?iiaeeea aaeaei aeei?enoiao? aeinaiae
iaaeaaiai/ii? i?ane 20—30-o ?ieia OO no. o aeoiaaiii iieiaei. Ia
noi?iieao oaeeo aeaeaiue, ye “OOI aie”, “Ea?iaonueeee e?ae”,
“Aaeaeieea”, “Iiaeie Caea?iaooy” (/eoaiea aeey iaeyo “Iaaeaaaeee”)
aiae?iaeaeaii oiai/ani? ?oa?eee i oaiaoe/ii noi?iiee, iaia?iaeoaaii
inoi?eei-eioa?aoo?ii iaoa?iaee, ui iathoue aaeeea iiciaaaeueia cia/aiiy.

O oeieao Caea?iaooy aeei?enoiaothoueny iaoa?iaee iaaeaaiai/ii? i?ane
20—30-o ?ieia OO no. ia o?ieao oe?a?inueei? eioa?aoo?e, ?iaeii? iiae,
ia?iaeiciaanoaa, ineieueee a oeeo i?aaeiaoao caeeaaeaii iiaeeeainoi aeey
oi?ioaaiiy a o/iia caaaeueiiethaenueeeo /aniio /a?ac i?ecio
iaoeiiiaeueii? naiiaooiinoi ?iaeiiai ia?iaeo. Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoa?iae?a
iaaeaaiai/ii? i?ane aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii aeie iioaa?iaaieo o?ieia ic
cacia/aieo i?aaeiaoia oa inoi?? Oe?a?ie (10—11 eeane), aecia/aii ?yae
i?iaeaiieo ieoaiue i oai?/eo caaaeaiue aeey o?ieia iicaeeaniiai /eoaiiy
(7—11 eeane). ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o o oe?eueio i?aeoeeo
na?ae/aoue i?i ia?niaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? i?ane o
oi?ioaaii? iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aeaaeo, iaoeiiiaeueii? naiaeiiinoi i
naiinaiaeiiinoi oeiey?ia, yei ? aaaeeeaeie neeaaeiaeie aeooiaiiai naioo
iniaenoinoi.

Inoi?eei-iaaeaaiai/ia aeineiaeaeaiiy aea? iiaenoaae aeey oaeeo
oai?aoe/ieo aeniiaeia:

1. Na?aae iaeaaaeeeaioeo caaaeaiue iaoeiiiaeueiiai aiae?iaeaeaiiy
Caea?iaooy o iiaeai?iiee ia?iiae aeaeieyeiny noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei?
iaoeiiiaeueii? oeiee. Aiii aoei ni?e/eiaia iiaeie noniieueieie,
nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ieie iiaeeeainoyie, yei aiaee?eeeny aeey e?ath a
oiiaao aeaiie?aoe/iiai eaaeo *aoineiaa//eie. O oeae ia?iiae
aiaeaoaa?oueny ?iceaio naionueei? aea?aeaaii? inaioe, aia?oa a inoi?i?
ia?iaeii? oeiee cai?iaaaeaeaii iaia’yceiaa ainueie?i/ia iaa/aiiy. Caeii
i?i iaoeiiiaeueii iaioeie noeioethaaa aeoiaaiiy iiaiai iieieiiiy
aenieiinai/aieo, iaoeiiiaeueii naiaeiieo oaoiaoeia c /enea
caea?iaonueeeo oe?a?ioeia, yeei iiae neeo aeaanoe naie ia?iae ia iaoe?e
?a?iiaenueei? oeeaieicaoei? i aiaeii/an i?ioenoiyoe eiai aneiieyoei? ye
aacaea?aeaaii? iaoei?.

Aiae?c ia?iiaeo 20-30-o ?ie?a OO no. na?ae/eoue i?i oaiaeaioe?th
aaiethoei? iiaeyaeia ia iaoeiiiaeueio oeieo i, cie?aia, ia iaoo
iaoeiiiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy — aiae iaiaoiaeiinoi iaa/aiiy ?iaeiith iiaith,
ia?iaeiinoi aeoiaaiiy o OIO no. aei aeiiae iaoeiiiaeicaoei?
oeieueieoeoaa ia ii/aoeo OO no.

2. I?ioean noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai oeieueieoeoaa ia
Caea?iaooi aeineiaeaeoaaii? aeiae aiaeia?acea oni noia?a/iinoi
oiaeioiueiai noniieueiiai aeeooy, /ioei ie?aneea iiceoei? o?yaeiaeo eie,
?icieo iieioe/ieo oa?oiiaaiue, iaeaieiai/ieo iai?yieia i oa/ie. Aaaeeeaa
?ieue o oeeo i?ioeanao iaeaaeaea oe?a?inueeie iaoeiai-inaioiie
aiia?aoei? ia oa?aii *aoineiaa//eie. Cie?aia, iaaeaaiai/ii i?aoei
N.?oniai? oa N.Ni?iiieea c ieoaiue iaoeiiiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy
iiae?inoath/iai iieieiiiy neeaee iniiao oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoinoi oeiey?a
ia canaaeao aoiiiaaeaaiaiee i iaoeiiiaeueii? naiiaooiinoi. Iniaeeaa
iinoea o ?icaeoeo ?iaeiiiiaii? oeiee ia Caea?iaooi o 20—30-i ?iee OO no.
iaeaaeeoue A.Aieioeio — iaeaeiiio i?iaiaeieeo i?ia?aneaiiai a/eoaeuenoaa
e?ath.

Ocaaaeueiaiiy iiaeyae?a N.?oniai? ? A.Aieioeia ia i?iaeaio aeoiaiiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aeaaeo oa aiae?c iaaeaaia?/ii? i?ane aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
ia??iaeo aeaee ciiao anoaiiaeoe nooi?noue ? niaoeeo?eo iaoe?iiaeueiiai
?aeaaeo o 20-30-? ?iee OO no. Oea ?aeaae aa?iii?eii ?icaeiaii?
iniaenoino?: o?ce/ii aeineiiaei?, i?aoeaethaii?, aoiaiii?, /anii?,
iaoe?iiaeueii na?aeiii? ? aenieiii?aeueii?.

3. O ?acoeueoaoi i?iaaaeaiiai iaie aeineiaeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui, oi/a
eiioeaioei? oe?a?inueei? iaoeiiiaeueii? oeiee a iiaiiio i caaa?oaiiio
aeaeyaei iaaeaaiaaie Caea?iaooy 20-30-o ?ie?a OO no. ia aoei
iiaeaioiaeaii, iaeiae o ?yaei iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, o iaoa?iaeao
inaioyinueeeo c’?caeia, aacaoieo i aeo?iaeueieo noaooyo, aaoi?aie yeeo
aenooiaee ia?aaeiai a/eoaei, aoee ie?aneaii eiioeaiooaeueii iiaeoiaee
aei oi?ioaaiiy iniia ?iaeii? oeiee, aecia/aii ciino, caniae i iaoiaee
inaioiuei-aeoiaii? ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaaia iniiaia iaoa aeoiaaiiy,
?ic?iaeaii eiai i?eioeeie.

Iniaeeai yne?aai oei iiceoei? aiaeia?aaeaii a oe?a?inueeie iaaeaaiai/iie
i?ani Caea?iaooy oiai /ano — aeo?iaeao “Iiaeea?iaonueea ?onue”,
“O/eoaeue”, “O/eoaeuenueeee aiein”, “Iaoa oeiea”, “I/ieea”, “Iao ??aeiee
e?ae”, “A?ii/ie aeey i?aeea?iaonueeeo ae?oi/ie”. Ca nai?i oa?aeoa?ii i
ciinoii inaioyinueea ia?iiaeeea aenooieea ye i?ia?aneaia
noniieueii-iieioe/ia yaeua. Aeiyeueiinoue /aniienia ni?eyea:

— iaoeiiiaeueiiio inaiaeiieaiith oe?ieiai /eoaoeueeiai caaaeo;

— i?ioanieiiio cao?ooaaiith i c?inoaiith o/eoaeuenoaa, ?ai?acaioaoei?
eiai ye iaaii? noniieueii-iieioe/ii? neee;

— caaaa/aiith ciinoo, oi?i i iaoiaeia iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano,
eiai iaoeiai- iaoiaee/iiio caaacia/aiith i iaoeiiiaeueiiio ni?yioaaiith.

4. Aanue a?naiae iaaeaaiai/ieo iaeae, yeei aaeaei ei?enooaaeeny
aeaeaaoei caea?iaoioe?a?inueei? i?ane o 20—30-i ?iee OO no., aoa
iiaeii?yaeeiaaiee iniiaiie iaoi — aeoiaaiith o i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy
iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo i iieyaaa o ianooiiiio:

— oe?ie?e aeaiie?aoecaoe?? cania?a ? iaoiae?a ina?oiuei-aeoiaii? ?iaioe;

— ?aae?caoe?? iaoe aeoiaaiiy /a?ac ?icaeoie iniaenoino?;

— ooaa?aeaeaii? oaeeo i?eioeei?a aeoiaaiiy, ye ia?iaei?noue, ethaia aei
??aeiiai e?ath, iiaaaa aei ethaeae ??cieo iaoe?iiaeueiinoae, oe?a?inueea
iaoe?iiaeueia naiiaecia/aiiy;

— aeiai?? ci?noo aeoiaaiiy o iaaeaaia?/i?e i?an? oiai /ano ca iciaeaie
aeooaeueiino? aeey ia?iaeo, c o?aooaaiiyi eiai aeooiaieo ? nioe?aeueieo
iio?aa.

5. O oi?ioaaiii aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo iaaeaaiai/ia i?ana
Caea?iaooy 20-30-o ?ie?a OO no. noaaeea oaei caaaeaiiy:

— ae?iaeaiiy naioiaeyaeo aeeoeie ia iniiai iaoeiaeo ciaiue i?i
iaaeieeoiie naio;

— i?euaieaiiy ethaiai aei Aaoueeiaueie, ?? aeooiaii? oa iaoa?iaeueii?
nooi, ?iei i cia/aiiy o naioiaiio eiioaenoi;

— ?icaeoie caaaeueiiethaenueeeo /aniio ia aoiiiaoeiiiaeueiiio a?oio?:
/anoue, aiaeiinoue, ethaia aei aaoueeia, iiaaaa aei iioeo ethaeae,
i?eeo/aiiy aei noniieueiioai?/eo i?ioeania ia iniiai aeoeaii? aeeoo?ai?
iiceoei?.

6. ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy iaoa?iaeia iaaeaaiai/ii? i?ane Caea?iaooy
20—30-o ?ieia OO no. aeathoue iiaenoaae aeey oaeeo ocaaaeueiaiue:

— aeoiaiee iaoeiiiaeueiee iaeaae — oea aaaeeeaa neeaaeiaa aeooiaiino?
ethaeeie, ?aeaae aa?iiiieii ?icaeiaii?, oai?/i? iniaenoinoi c
iaoeiiiaeueiith iaioaeueiinoth i iaoeiiiaeueii-a?iiaaeyinueeith
naiaeiiinoth, yeee iieyaa? o canai?iii aoiaiinoe/ieo oeiiiinoae, ui
a?oioothoueny ia aeeaieie aoiiiaoeiiiaeueiie iniiai, o?aaeeoeieiie
?iaeeiiie iaaeaaiaioei, i?ii?eoaoiinoi iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiai iaae
caaaeueiei, oeiiaei o aeeoo?caeieniaiii, ia iiciaiii ca oi?ioeith: aiae
?iaeiiai — aei /oaeiai, naioiaiai;

— i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo cae?enith?oueny
oeyoii oeieani?yiiaaieo iaaeaaiai/ieo aieeaia (?iaeeia — oeiea —
aea?aeaaa), yei caaacia/othoue iioaeaeooaeueia, oice/ia, aeooiaia i
iaoeiiiaeueii-a?iiaaeyinueea noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoinoi;

— aeoiaiee iaoeiiiaeueiee iaeaae ?aaeico?oueny o oaeeo iai?yiao
oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?: ?icoiiaee, oice/iee, ii?aeueiee,
iaoeiiiaeueii-iao?iioe/iee, anoaoe/iee, o?oaeiaee, aeieiai/iee.

7. Ieoaiiy, ui noinothoueny aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo,
noaiiaeyoue iaaiee iioa?an c oi/ee ci?o no/anieo i?iaeai ?icaoaeiae
iaoeiiiaeueii? nenoaie aeoiaaiiy. Ia aaaeeeainoue iinoaiiaee oaei?
caaea/i iaaiaeeoue ia?aaeonii noiaeinoue ia?iiaeo 20—30-o ?ieia OO no. i
ieiioiueiai, ui iicia/aia aiae?iaeaeaiiyi oe?a?inueei? iaoeiiiaeueii?
nenoaie aeoiaaiiy, ?? ie?aieo eaiie, aio/eciyieo iaaeaaiai/ieo iaeae i
caeiaooeia. O iiaeo nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ieo oiiaao i?iaiaeii aniaeoe
oi?ioaaiiy aeoiaiiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaeaaeo iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii c
iaoith:

— iiooeo aeoiaiiai iaeaaeo, aaeaeaaoiiai i?e?iaei, aeooo,
eoeueoo?ii-inoi?e/iiio aeinaiaeo oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, i iaeaieueo
i?eeiyoieo iaoiaeia oa caniaia eiai oi?ioaaiiy;

— noai?aiiy no/anii? iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ii? eioa?aoo?e c ieoaiue
aeoiaaiiy oeieinii? iniaenoinoi;

— ?ic?iaee iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai niaoeeo?nia aeey iiaeaioiaee iaeaooiio
o/eoaeia o iaaeaaiai/ieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao I—IV ?iaiia ae?aaeeoaoei?
oa a nenoaii iineyaeeieiiii? inaioe a/eoaeia.

8. O i?ioeani inoi?eei-iaaeaaiai/iiai aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaeaie aeyaeaii
?yae aniaeoia, ui iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy:

— aeoiaiee iaoeiiiaeueiee iaeaae o iaoeiai-iaaeaaiai/iie niaaeueii
A.Aieioeia;

— nenoaia iaoeiiiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy a Oaeai?iaenueeie o/eoaeuenueeie
naiiia?i?;

— aeoiaia ni?yiiaaiinoue no/anii? caea?iaonueei? ia?iiaeeee;

— ii?iaiyeueiee aiaeic nenoaie iiaeaioiaee o/eoaeuenueeeo eaae?ia aeey
iaoeiiiaeueieo oeie Caea?iaooy o 20—30-i ?iee OO no. i nueiaiaeii.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. “Iai a?aoii ana, ui eeo aeeaa” (I?iaeaie aeieia?/iiai aeoiaaiiy ia
noi??ieao iaaeaaia?/iiai /aniieno “I/?eea”) //Caeai? Ea?iaoe. – 1996. –
?1-2. –N. 78-79.

2. ?ieue iaaeaaia?/ii? i?ane Caea?iaooy /20-30-? ?iee OO no./ o
oi?ioaaii? aeoiaiiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aeaaeo. –Oaeai?iae, 1997. – 52 n.

3. Aei ieoaiiy ?icaeoeo oe?eueieoeoaa I?aeea?iaonueei? ?on? o 20-30-?
?iee OO no. //Iaoeiaee a?niee Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai ?inoeoooo
?ioi?iaoeee, aeiiii?ee ? i?aaa. – Oaeai?iae, 1997. –N.195-202.

4. ?ieue iaaeaaia?/ieo aeaeaiue o ?icaeoeo ina?oe e?ath (20-30-? ?iee OO
no.) //I?iaeaie i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe iaaeaaia?a. –Oaeai?iae, 1997. –N.
70-71.

5. I?aei?aaeiaoi? ca(ycee a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e
o/i?anueei? iieiae? //Aeei?enoaiiy aoaeoeaieo iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo
?iiiaaoe?e o i?aeaioiaoe? oao?aoey c aeuith ina?oith a oiiaao
aeainooiaiaai? no?oeoo?e ?inoeoooo. – Oaeai?iae, 1997. –N.29-30.

6. I?iaeaie aeieia?/iiai aeoiaaiiy ia noi??ieao iaaeaaia?/iiai /aniieno
“I/?eea” //Ioi?iia aeiae?eey: no/ani? aeine?aeaeaiiy a aeieia?? ?
i?e?ia?ieia??. – Oaeai?iae, 1997. – N. 475-477.

7. “AEeaoeai yceee eaaeooue ae?eaaoe…” (c e?oa?aoo?ii? oa
iaaeaaia?/ii? niaaeueie E.Aaaeeaae/a) //Ea?iaonueeee e?ae. – 1997. –
?1-5. — N. 80-81.

8. Caea?iaoioe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a 20-30-o ?ie?a OO no.: iiooe aeoiaiiai
?aeaaeo. – Oaeai?iae, 1998. – 92 n.

9. Aeieo?i Eeeiioo – aieiaiee eiiaiaeaio “Ea?iaonueei? N?/?”. –
Oaeai?iae, 1998. – 104 n. (ni?aaaoi? Aeiaaaie/ I.Ae.).

10. Nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?. –
Oaeai?iae, 1998. – 92 n.(ni?aaaoi? Oeieiaoeue I.A.).

11. Aeei?enoaiiy aeina?aeo iaaeaaia?/ii? i?ane 20-30-o ?ie?a o ia??iae
noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaoaeiae Oe?a?inueei? iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae
//Ea?iaonueeee e?ae. – 1998. – ?1-2. – N. 72-75.

12. Ai?a?aoe?y a *aoineiaa//ei? (1918-1945 ??.) oa ?? aianie o
nea?aieoeth eoeueoo?e Caea?iaooy// Ea?iaonueeee e?ae. – 1998. – ?1-2. –
N. 29-31 (ni?aaaoi? Oeieiaoeue A.A.).

13. “Oe?a?inueeee aoeaa?” Einoy Aaaeeaae/a //Aeaaia?niee i?aoe?. –
Oaeai?iae—I?yo?a, 1998. –N. 365-368.

Eoooa I.?. Aeoiaiee iaoe?iiaeueiee ?aeaae o oe?eueieoeoa? Caea?iaooy
20-30-o ?ie?a OO no. (ia iaoa??aeao oe?a?inueei? iaaeaaia?/ii? i?ane) —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee. –
Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1998.

Ia iniia? aiae?co a?o?aieo aeieoiaio?a oa oe?a?inueei? iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?ane Caea?iaooy a?aeia?aaeaii oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo oe?eueieoeoaa e?ath
o 20-30-? ?iee OO no. ? aecia/aii aieea iaaeaaia?/ii? i?ane ia
oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aeaaeo o/i?anueei? iieiae?.

C?iaeaii aeniiaee i?i iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy ia?aaeiaiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo 20-30-o ?ie?a XXno.a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy oa
?icaoaeiae Oe?a?inueei? iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaaeaaia?/ia i?ana, aeoiaiee iaoe?iiaeueiee ?aeaae,
oai?/a iniaeno?noue, e?ioeaaa iaoa aeoiaaiiy.

Eoooa I.E. Ainieoaoaeueiue iaoeeiiaeueiue eaeaae a oeieiaaaeaiee
Caea?iaouey 20-30-o aiaeia OO aaea (ia iaoa?eaeao oe?aeineie
iaaeaaiae/aneie i?annu). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01. – oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee. –
Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1998.

Ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca a?oeaiuo aeieoiaioia e oe?aeineie iaaeaaiae/aneie
i?annu Caea?iaouey ioia?aaeaiu oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey oeieiaaaeaiey e?ay a
20-30-a aiaeu OO a. e ii?aaeaeaii aeeyiea iaaeaaiae/aneie i?annu ia
oi?ie?iaaiea iaoeeiiaeueiiai eaeaaea o/aie/aneie iieiaeaaee.

Naeaeaiu auaiaeu i aiciiaeiinoyo eniieueciaaiey ia?aaeiaiai
iaaeaaiae/aneiai iiuoa 20-30-o aiaeia OOa. a oneiaeyo noaiiaeaiey e
?acaeoey Oe?aeineiai iacaaeneiiai ainoaea?noaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaaeaaiae/aneay i?anna, ainieoaoaeueiue iaoeeiiaeueiue
eaeaae, oai?/aneay ee/iinoue, eiia/iay oeaeue ainieoaiey.

Kukhta M.I. National Educational Ideal in the Schooling of
Transcarpathia in 20-30-s of the XXth Century (based on ukrainian
pedagogical press materials). — Manuscript.

The dissertation in the manuscript variant for receiving the Academic
Degree — Candidate of Pedagogical Science. Specialization 13.00.01 —
theory and history of pedagogics. Taras Shevchenko Kiev University. —
Kiev. — 1998.

On the basis of the analysis of archival documents and ukrainian
Transcarpathian pedagogical press the tendencies of regional school
administrative development in 20-30-s of the XXth century are reflected
and the influense of pedagogical press on the formation of national idel
of youth is defined.

Conclusions about the possibilities of using of advanced pedagogical
experience of 20-30-s of the XXth century in the conditions of the
formation and development of Ukrainian independent state have been made.

Key words: the pedagogical press, educative national ideal, creative
personality, the ultimate end of education.

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