OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAI? A.N.NEIAI?IAeE

NOAOAITHE NA?OEAIA EINOssIOEI?AIA

OAeE 37.142505

AEOIAAIIss AOIAIIINO? I?AeE?OE?A CANIAAIE

OE?A?INUeEI? IA?ssAeIAINO?

13.00.01 — OAI??ss OA ?NOI??ss IAAeAAIA?EE

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

OA?E?A — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? A.N. Neiai?iaee I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iaoiia Ai?en Ieeieaeiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? A.N. Neiai?iaee,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

aeaaeai?e Aeaaeai?? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie Nooiieeinueea
Ieueaa Aanee?aia,

Aeaaeai?y iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie,

aeaaeai?e-nae?aoa? a?aeae?eaiiy oai??? oa ?noi???
iaaeaaia?ee;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Eiaaiei Ieaenaiae?
Aiae??eiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo iaoiae?a ? ci?noo iaa/aiiy e aeoiaaiiy,
a?aeae?e i?iaeai iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 10 “ a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 13.00 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.64.053.04 Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? A.N. Neiai?iaee ca
aae?anith: 310168, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Aethoa?a, 2, aoaeeoi??y ? 221.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? A.N. Neiai?iaee ca
aae?anith: 310168, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Aethoa?a, 2.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 29 “ aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aeieo?aiei O.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ca iei?oi?o oiia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
oe?a?inueei? aeooiaiino? oa aea?aeaaiino? ? ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo aei
aeaiie?aoe/iiai a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa, iniiaaiiai ia
aaaaoioeeaaei?e ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe?, nueiaiaeaiiy aeiaaa? ?ica’ycaiiy
oe?eiai niaeo?a i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo ?c ?icaeoeii naiiaooiueiai
?iaeea?aea: a?aeiia?aeaeueiiai, aeia?i/eiiiai ? iniaeeai — aoiaiiiai.
Aeoiaaiiy aoiaiii?, aeooiaii aaaaoi? oa iaoe?iiaeueii na?aeiii?
iniaenoino? — iaeia c iniiaieo caaaeaiue iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie
“Ina?oa”. Oai??y ? i?aeoeea no/anii? ina?oiuei? nenoaie na?ae/aoue i?i
iaiao?aei?noue ??oioiaieo ?ic?iaie cania?a aeoiaaiiy aoiaiieo ?en a o/iy
acaaae? e o i?aee?oea cie?aia.

A?aeiia?aeii aei ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?aee?oeiaee
ia??iae ? iaeni?eyoeea?oei o noaiiaeaii? oa?aeoa?o ethaeeie ? ?ice?eoo?
?? ye aoiaiii? iniaenoino? (A.Einothe, ?.Neieoey, ?.Eii, A.Iieyei,
?.Aao). Aeoiaaiiy naiiaooiuei? iniaenoino? aaaeeeaa aeey i?aee?oeiaiai
a?eo, eiee aecia/a?oueny noeeue iiaaae?iee ?iaeea?aea, a oaeiae
cae?enith?oueny aea?? eiai aeeoo?aiai e?aaei o i?ioean? ia?aoiaeo aei
nioe?aeueii? c??eino?. A thiaoeuee? ?iee ooeathoue nai? ?aeaaee, ui ?
iniiaith ia ana aeeooy. Naia ia oeueiio aoai? iieiaeue iaiaaa?oueny
ciaeoe iaaiee ac??aoeue aeey i?aeo?eiaiiy nai?o i?aaiaiue. Inue oiio a
ina?o? ?nio? caaaeaiiy: aeaoe iieiae?e ethaeei? aoiaiiee ?aeaae,
aeiiiiiaoe ?aae?coaaoeny a iueiio.

I?iaiae?ciaaia o?einionueea, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ia e?oa?aoo?a, a
oaeiae iciaeiieaiiy c i?aeoeeith aeoiaii? ?iaioe o oeie? aeaee ciiao
aeyaeoe o? i?iaeaie, ye? ia ni?eythoue aeeiiaiith caaaeaiue no/aniino? o
aeoiaaii? aoiaiiino? i?aee?oea: 1) iaeii?iaeoiaia, a /anoi a?aenooiy
i?aeoe/ii-ioe?ieiaa ?iaioa uiaei aeoiaaiiy aoiaiieo ?en o oeiey?a,
i?aee?oea cie?aia; ia canoiniaothoueny a ae?? ciaiiy i?i aoiaii? yeino?:
iaa/aeueii-aeoiai? aiaeeie ni?eythoue eeoa inieneaiith ?o; 2) iaae??aeie
e /anoi aeaeea?aoeaieie ? iayai? iaoiaee, i?eeiie e caniae aoiaiiiai
aeoiaaiiy, ye-io: aan?aee, aeeniooe, oieueeei?, ooaeiaeiy e?oa?aoo?a,
—ine?eueee aiie a?ae??aai? a?ae aeeai? i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?; 3)
a?aenooi?e eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei aeei?enoaiiy cania?a aoiaiiiai
aeoiaaiiy ?iaeea?aea, uiiaeia?oa i?aee?oea; 4) ia ia??oioiaaiee ? oiio
ia??aeei cae?enith?oueny oaioe/ii i?ioean aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? a
i?aee?oea; 5) iaaeinoaoiuei ci???ioiaaieie ia eiie?aoi? caniae,
iaoai?cie, oiiae aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiiai i?aee?oea ? ioae?eaoe?? e
nioe?ieia?/ii-iaaeaaia?/i? ?icaeoie.

O oeeo oiiaao iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? noai?aiiy oai?aoe/ieo, a
a?aeoae — i?aeoe/ieo canaae ? cania?a aoiaiiiai aeoiaaiiy
i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy. Iaeiei ?c iai?yi?a oai?aoe/iiai inieneaiiy ?
i?aeoe/iiai ao?eaiiy ? aecia/aiiy ?ie? aoiiiaaeaaia?/ieo cania?a
ia?yaeiaino? o iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e ae?yeueiino?, ye? iathoue aeiiiiiaoe
iaaeaaiaia? caa?iooe oaaao ia oae? aoiaii? eaoaai??? ?iaeea?aea, ye
naiina?aeii?noue oa ethaeeiiethanoai. I?ae oei iayaia nenoaia, ye
na?ae/eoue aiae?c i?aeoe/ii? ?iaioe o oeie?, ia ni?ey? aeinyaiaiith
oe??? iaoe.

Noai?aiiy ae iiai? oeiee iaaaeueii aeiaaa? a?ae iaoee oaaae aei
ia?yaeiaino? (ye neeaaeiai? ia?iaeii? iaaeaaia?ee), aei ?? cania?a ye
iaaeaaia?/ii? oiiae aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oea oa oai?aoe/iiai
ia??oiooaaiiy oaeiai aeoiaiiai i?ioeano. Caniae ia?yaeiaino? ye
nea?aieoey aoiiiaaeaaia?/ieo iaaeaaiue o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?
oeiee aeaaeooue ciiao aaeineiiaeeoe naiina?aeii?noue ?iaeea?aea, a
cia/eoue —a?aee?eoe caeaoi?noue ?icoi?oe na?o, nai? i?noea a iueiio,
iaia’ycee a noni?euenoa? ? i?ioeae?yoe a?i?ciia?, niiaeeaaoeoao,
aacaeooiino?, a??aneaiino?. Caaaeyee aniooaaiith i?aee?oeii
ia?yaeiai-eoeueoo?ieo oe?iiinoae c o?aooaaiiyi eiai aeoeaiino? iiaeia
noi?ioaaoe oa?aeoa? aoiaiiiai naiiaecia/aiiy, a ioaea — ?iaeea?aea,
caeaoiiai aei ieiaeii?eiioaiiy e aeia?i/einoaa.

Ia aeei?enoaiiy ia?yaeiai-i?aeoe/ieo iaaeaaiue a oiiaao
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a oeie? aeacoaaee aeine?aeieee
E.A?aoe?ainueea, I.Aeieo?aiei, A.Aeieo?aiei, C.Na?a?e/oe,
?.Nieoeuenueea, A.Nooia?ee, E.Ua?aeia. Iaeiae o ?oi?o i?aoeyo oaaaa
caa?oa?oueny ia ?icaeoie i?ciaaaeueieo ?ioa?an?a eeoa iieiaeoiai
oeiey?a. Aeoiaaiiy noa?oeo o/i?a caniaaie ia?iaeieo o?aaeeoe?e
oi?ea?oueny I.Iaeaiaoeueea, aea o?eueee a anoaoe/iiio ieai?.

O oe?eiio ae i?iaeaia aoiaiiiai aeoiaaiiy ?iaeea?aea caniaaie
oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ua ia noaea i?aaeiaoii oe?e?niiai
niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia?yaeia?noue ia ?icaeyaeaeany ye
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia oiiaa aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiiai ?iaeea?aea, cie?aia,
ia i?iaiae?ciaai? caniae oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? oa ?o aca?iiae?y o
aeoiaaii? i?aee?oea, aei oiai ae aiie ia ai?iaaaeaeai? a oe?ieo
i?aeoeeo. O ca’yceo c oeei aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee ?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o oe?eueio i?aeoeeo oaeeo iaaeaaia?/ieo cania?a, ye? a
caaacia/eee i?euaieaiiy o/iyi aenieeo ethaeyieo ?en. C-iii?ae ?ioeo
cania?a aaaeeeaa i?noea iiaeiia iin?noe ia?yaeia?noue. Oea e coiiaeei
aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy:

AEOIAAIIss AOIAIIINO? I?AeE?OE?A CANIAAIE OE?A?INUeEI? IA?ssAeIAINO?

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?ioean aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oea.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — caniae oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ye
iaaeaaia?/ia oiiaa aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oea.

Iaoa — oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe e aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe
iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy cania?a oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ye oiiae
aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oea.

A?iioaca. Oni?oia aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? iiaea a?aeaooeny caaaeyee
oe?ieiio canoinoaaiith cania?a oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? oeiee ca aeiaea?aeaiiy oaeeo oiia:

· eiiieaenia canoinoaaiiy cania?a ia?yaeiaino? (?eooae, i?niy,
neiai-?eoi?eea, neiaie?ea, ?aianea, ?a?e, i?eeiaoe, onia ia?iaeia
oai?/?noue, i?o, ao?eaooeea, ia?niiaae) ye iniiae i?eeo/aiiy aei
aeooiaiiai na?oo ia?iaeieo o?aaeeoe?e;

· a?aooaaiiy oai?/i-ioe?ieiai? ae?yeueiino?;

· c’ynoaaiiy oa aea/aiiy caieo?a i?aee?oe?a ye iiaeeeaino? aeey
naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy oa naii?aae?caoe??;

· anoaiiaeaiiy ? i?aeo?eiaiiy iiceoeaii-aiioe?eieo eiioaeo?a.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. I?iaiae?coaaoe noai ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino?
i?aee?oe?a o iaaeaaia?/i?e iaooe?.

2. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe caniae oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ye neeaaeiee
aoiiiaaeaaia?ee, a oaeiae ?ice?eoe ?o iiaeeeaino? aeey aeoiaaiiy
aoiaiiino? i?aee?oe?a.

3. Aecia/eoe e aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe oiiae aeei?enoaiiy cania?a
oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? aeey aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oe?a.

4. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey a/eoaey na?aaeiuei? oeiee.
Iaoiaeieia?/ieie canaaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iieiaeaiiy i?i ?aei?noue
i?e?iaee, ethaeeie ? noni?euenoaa; ae?yeuei?niee i?aeo?ae o i?ioean?
aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?, ?aea? aeaiie?aoecaoe??, aoiai?caoe?? oa i??i?eoao
aeoioeueiaaieo o ia?iaeieo o?aaeeoe?yo caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoae o
i?ioean? aeoiaaiiy aoiaiii? aeeoeie.

Oai?aoe/io iniiao iaoi? i?aoe? noaiiaeyoue iieiaeaiiy Caeiio Oe?a?ie
“I?i ina?oo”, Aea?aeaaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie “Ina?oa” (“Oe?a?ia XXI
noie?ooy”), “Eiioeaioe?? iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy”, a oaeiae i?aoe?
o?einio?a, iaaeaaia?a (a?o/eciyieo — A.Neiai?iaee, I.Aeooiiae/a,
E.Ooeinueeiai, ?.O?aiea; ca?oa?aeieo — ss.Eiiainueeiai,
A.E.Ianoaeioeoe?), o yeeo iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii ?noi?e/io ?aei?noue
noni?euenoaa, ethaeeie ? i?e?iaee oa iaiao?aei?noue ? iiaeeea?noue ?o
aa?iii?caoe?? ca caeiiaie ni?aaaaeeeaino?; iieiaeaiiy i?i aa?iii?eio
?aei?noue o ethaeei? aeooiaiiai, ?icoiiaiai ? o?ce/iiai, i?i iethaeiaiiy
?iaeea?aea ? iiaeyae ia iueiai ye ia oi?eaeueio oe?ii?noue, i?i
aeoiaoth/a iaa/aiiy; aeaye? aniaeoe oai??? o?aaeeoe?e o
nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo.

I?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeany a 1989—1998 ?ieao e ioiiethaaea
o?e aoaie.

Ia?oee aoai (1989—1991 ??.) aoa i?enay/aiee aiae?cia? e?oa?aoo?e c
o?einio??, iaaeaaia?ee, ineoieia??, aoiia?ao??, ia?iaeiciaanoaa. Aoei
?ic?iaeaii oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy, ooi/iaii ia’?eo, iaoo oa caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii a?iioaco.

Ae?oaee aoai (1991—1992 ??.) aoa ni?yiiaaiee ia ieaioaaiiy ?
cae?eniaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, aecia/aiiy ??ai?a noi?iiaaiino?
oa iciae i?iyao aoiaiiino? ye aaaeeeaeo iieaciee?a i?e ae?aaiinooaaii?
oa?aeoa?enoee i?aee?oeiai? iniaenoino?. Ia oeueiio aoai? cae?eniaii
aenia?eiaioaeueio ia?aa??eo iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino?
i?aee?oea caniaaie oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino?. I?e oeueiio a o?i/io
nenoaio ?iaioe oeiee aoei aea??eiai ai?iaaaeaeaii ia?yaeiao o?aaeeoe?th,
a oaeiae ?ii?ia?caoe?th oa oaao?ae?caoe?th ia ?? iniia?.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? (1992—1998 ??.) i?iaiaeeany
aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy cania?a oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? a
caaaeueiiina?oi?o oeieao. Ia oeueiio aoai? ia?aa??yeany a?iioaca
aeine?aeaeaiiy a ??cieo oeieao i?noa Oa?eiaa, o?eaaa i?ioean ioi?ieaiiy
?acoeueoao?a ?ic?iaie oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o o i?aeoeeo oeiee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa a iaaeaaia?/i?e iaooe?
?aoa?iaaia oaia i?aeaeaia iiiia?ao?/iiio aeine?aeaeaiith, aia?oa iaoeiai
ia??oioiaaii oa?i?i “nayoi-o?ie” oa ai?iaaaeaeaii o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean
na?aaeiuei? oeiee oaeo oi?io caiyoue.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe — o iaoeiaiio aecia/aii? cania?a aeoiaaiiy
aoiaiiino? i?aee?oe?a. Aeiaaaeaii ia’?eoeaio iio?aao o aeoiaaii?
aoiaiii? ethaeeie (cie?aia i?aee?oea) c o?aooaaiiyi iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aeina?aeo aeoiaaiiy ? aeioe?euei?noue iieeaaeaiiy eiai a iniiao iaeiiai
c iai?yi?a aeoiaiiai i?ioeano o oeie?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey aeei?enoaiiy cania?a oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? a
nenoai? oeiee aeey aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oe?a, cie?aia: o
noi?ioaaii? aeiiiaiaiue aei i?ia?ai oaeoeueoaoeaieo eo?n?a, o noai?aii?
i?ia?aie c aeei?enoaiiy oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ye neeaaeiai?
aoiiiaaeaaia?ee aeey iaaeaaia?/ieo aoc?a, ?inoeooo?a eoeueoo?e,
?inoeooo?a i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe, a oaeiae ?inoeooo?a ia?ai?aeaioiaee
ina?oyinueeeo eaae??a; o i?aeaioiaoe? iin?aiee?a c iaoiaeeee
aeei?enoaiiy oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino?: “Aeaeyiue, niia/ei!”,
“Cono??/aeii Eieyaeo!”, “Nayoi-o?ie”, “O?ao? ia?iaeaeaiiy”.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaeaie aeoiaaiiy
aoiaiiino? i?aee?oea, ia??oiooaaii? cania?a oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ye
iaaeaaia?/ii? oiiae oaeiai aeoiaaiiy, a oaeiae o oiio, ui iei c?a?aii
iaaiee ia?yaeiaee iaoa??ae ia oa?eoi??? Oa?e?anueei?, ??aiainueei?,
Oiaeueieoeueei?, Iieoaanueei?, Ieeiea?anueei? iaeanoae; ocaaaeueiaii oa
iaa?oioiaaii ia?yaeiaee iaoa??ae a aoiiiaaeaaia?/iiio ?ic??c? o
iaoiaee/iiio iin?aieeo “Oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? iniaenoino? caniaaie
aoiiiaaeaaia?ee”.

A??ia?aei?noue ?iaioe caaacia/o?oueny iaoiaeieia?/iei ia??oiooaaiiyi
aeo?aeieo iiceoe?e aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue i?aaeiaoia?, iao?
e caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy, nenoaiiei ye?niei ? e?euee?niei aiae?cii
oai?aoe/iiai e aii??e/iiai iaoa??ae?a, ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueii?
?iaioe. Iiia?aaei? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ia ??cieo eiai aoaiao aoee
iaaiai?ai? ia can?aeaiiyo aoiiiaaeaaia?/ii? eaai?aoi??? oa eaoaae?e
aoiiiaaeaaia?ee a OAE ? 116 i. Oa?eiaa, ?yaeo iaoiaee/ieo ia’?aeiaiue
i?noa, iaeano?; ia eaoaae?? ineoieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe, ia eaoaae?? oe?a?iiciaanoaa Oa?e?anueeiai
?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy a/eoae?a; ia iaoiaee/ieo can?aeaiiyo o/eoae?a
Aeca?aeeinueeiai ?aeiio i. Oa?eiaa; ia eaoaae?? iaaeaaia?ee
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? A.N.
Neaiai?iaee, a ?inoeooo? ineoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae ia
?anioae?eainueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo a Oiai? (11.1989), a
Ee?a? (10.1993; 09.1995; 08.1997), a Oa?eia? (02.1991; 05.1994; 03.1994;
10.1994; 04.1995; 05.1995; 01.1997; 03.1997; 09.1997; 03.1998), a
*a?eanao (10.1996), o Eueaia? (06.1997), a Noiao (03.1998), o
E??iaia?aae? (10.1998), a Eooeueeo (06.1998), o ??aiiio (01.1998).
Iaea?aeaiee aiane?aeie aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoa??ae ni?yiiaaiee ia
aoiiiaaeaaia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oe?a?inueeeo ia?yaeiaeo o?aaeeoe?e oa
aeyaeaiiy a ieo aeoiaieo iiaeeeainoae. Ca oaiith aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaae?oeiaaii 6 iin?aiee?a, ?c ieo 2 iaoeia? aeaeaiiy (iaeia c iaoeiaeo
—o ni?aaaoi?noa?), 4 ia?iaeiciaa/?; 39 noaoae (c ieo 5 — o oaoiaeo
aeaeaiiyo) o aeo?iaeao “??aeia oeiea”, “Ana aeey o/eoaey”, “Iiaa aeiaa”,
“Aeaea?aei”, “Oe?a?inueeee na?o”, a oaeiae a ?ioi?iaoe?eii-iaoiaee/iiio
a?nieeo i?e oi?aae?ii? ina?oe Oa?e?anueei? iaeanii? aea?aeaaii?
aaei?i?no?aoe?? ? a iecoe? ioae?eaoe?e aacaoe aeey ae?oae oa aei?ineeo
“AEo?aaeee”.

Ai?iaaoe?y iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeany o
iaaeaaia?/i?e i?aeoeoe? aaoi?a, i?ae eiai ea??aieoeoaii o/eoaeyie ??cieo
iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiao?a (e?oa?aoo?e, iiae, ?noi???, aaia?ao??,
i?e?iaeiciaanoaa, iaethaaiiy, ioceee, i?aoe?) oa eeanieie ea??aieeaie
noa?oeo eean?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e ?? 116, 132, 108, 40, 35 i.
Oa?eiaa, a oaeiae o ?aeiiao Oa?e?anueei? iaeano?. C iaoith canoinoaaiiy
ia?yaeiaiai iaoa??aeo o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean aoee ai?iaaaeaeai?
i???ioiai? iiaeae? o?ie?a i?ae oiiaieie iacaaie: “o?ie-nayoi”,
“o?ie-aenoaaa”, “o?ie-ia?a”. Aoee i?i/eoai? eaeoe?? c aoiiiaaeaaia?ee
aeey oaeoeueoaoeaieo eo?n?a iaaeoi?aa?neoao?a i. Oa?eiaa, i. Ieeiea?aa,
?inoeoooo eoeueoo?e i. Ieeiea?aa, Oa?e?anueei? Iaei? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe,
Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy a/eoae?a; /eoa?oueny eo?n
“Aoiiiaaeaaia?ea” a ?inoeooo? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe i?e OAeIO ?iai?
A.N.Neiai?iaee.

Ia caoeno aeiineoueny:

· oai?aoe/ia ia??oiooaaiiy iiaeeeainoae cania?a oe?a?inueei?
ia?yaeiaino? aeey aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oe?a;

· oa?aeoa?enoeea ia?yaeiaino? ye iaeiiai ?c cania?a aoiiiaaeaaia?ee
aeey aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oe?a, nenoaiaoecaoe?y cania?a
ia?yaeiaino?;

· oiiae canoinoaaiiy oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? aeey aeoiaaiiy
aoiaiiino? i?aee?oe?a;

· i?aeoe/ia ia??oiooaaiiy iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey a/eoaey c
i?iaeaie aeei?enoaiiy cania?a oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino?.

NO?OEOO?A OA INIIAIEE CI?NO AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Iaoa, ci?no, eia?ea aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeee no?oeoo?o ?iaioe, yea
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoe?a.

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii i?iaeaio aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?? aeooaeuei?noue,
aecia/aii ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, a?iioaco, caaaeaiiy, oai?aoe/i? iniiae oa
iaoiaee ?iaioe; ?ice?eaathoueny iaoeiaa iiaecia oa oai?aoe/ia
cia/ou?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a; iae?aneththoueny oeyoe e oiiae ?o
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o i?aeoeeo; oi?ioeththoueny iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny
ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Ieoaiiy aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino?” iiaea?oueny iaeyae
?noi??? aoiai?cio oa ?aeae uiaei ?icoi?iiy e aa/aiiy iai?yi?a eiai
?icaeoeo, oeyo?a aeoiaaiiy aoiaiii? iniaenoino?. O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao?
oeueiai ?icae?eo ?icaeyaeathoueny oiiae aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? a o?ueio
ia??iaeao: o aeaaieio, a ?aaeyinueeo aeiao, ia no/aniiio aoai?. Cie?aia,
aiae?c noaio ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie o ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e e?oa?aoo??
iieacaa, ui ia iaeia noie?ooy a/ai? ??cieo e?a?i na?oo caa?oaeeny aei
ieoaiue aoiaiiiai aeoiaaiiy, ooeath/e ia ieo a?aeiia?ae?, e?eoa??? ?o
?ica’ycaiiy. Niiniae ?ice?eooy aoiaiii? nooiino? ethaeeie ooeaee
oe?a?inuee? o?einioe aeiae A?ae?iaeaeaiiy oa na?aaeiueia?//y: I. ?onei,
TH. Ae?iaiae/, I. Eoeao, — o oea?ei? naiiae?aaeaiiy. O?einioe XVI—XVIII
noie?oue: A. Niio?eoeueeee, E. Eiyaeieoeueeee, E. Noaa?iaaoeueeee, ?.
Ieaoaiaoeueeee oa aaaaoi ?ioeo — cae?enithaaee oeae iiooe, i?eae?eyth/e
oaaao oai?/ei caaeaoeai ethaeeie. E. Naeiae/, I. Eica/einueeee, A.
Eiienueeee, I. Iiaeea, ?. Aa?aeoeueeee — /a?ac ca’ycie ?c aeooiaieie
iaaeaaiiyie iaoe??. ?aea? A. Neiai?iaee, I. TH?eaae/a, I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa
i?i aaaeeea?noue oe?e?niino? a ethaeei? aeooiaiiai e ?icoiiaiai iaaoee
iioe?aiiy a XIX noie?oo? (N. Iiaeieeinueeee). Iiceoe?th oai?/iai
naiiaeyao, a oaeiae ?aeiino? aeooiaiiai e aiioe?eiiai niia?aeoaaee naiai
/ano A. Aa?iaaenueeee, A. TH?eiaoeue, Ae. Aeiioeia, Ae. *eaeaanueeee.
On? iacaai? ieneeoae? aaaaeaee iaia’yceiaith oiiaith aeoiaaiiy na?aae
?yaeo ?ioeo — iiaeeea?noue naiica?oo ia?aae nia?noth oa naii?aae?caoe??.

Ca ?aaeyinueei? aeiae aei oaie aoiaiiino? caa?oaeeny
iaaeaaiae-aoiai?noe: N.Oaoeueeee, ?.Iaaeeinueeee, A.Nooiieeinueeee.
Na?aae oiia aoiaiiino? an? iacaai? oe?a?inuee? iaaeaaiae-o?einioe
aeae?eyee i?aeoe/ii-ia?aoai?thaaeueio ae?yeuei?noue, i?aai ia naiaiaeo
aeai?o, oaaao aei ia?iaeiciaa/eo oa iaoe?iiaeueieo oe?iiinoae.

??ciia?/ia aa/aiiy oeyo?a oi?ioaaiiy aoiaiiino? a nueiaiaeaii? aeyaeee
A.Aiaeaeueia, A.Eaaoo, A.Eooeaa, I.Nooiieeinueea, AE.Oiuaiei. Aiie
aeiaaathoue ?aoi?i o oeie?, ye? a ni?eyee aeoiaaiith aoiaiiiai
?iaeea?aea (aaca?aeiinii aei a?eo), a oaeiae iaceaathoue oeae o
aeoiaaii? aoiaiiino?: oea — a?aenooi?noue ai?aa o/iy a naiiaeya?,
iaiaaeai?noue aiioe?eiiai ni?eeoaaiiy oa iiaeeeainoae ae?aeiao i?ae
o/eoaeai e o/iai, iaaeciaiiy a/eoaeai oi?eaeueiino? oa aaoiiiiiino?
iniaenoino?. Iacaai? ooo iaoeiaoe? na?aae aaaeaieo ieie ?aoi?i
aaaaeathoue iaeaieiai?oith —ia??oiooaaiiy i?ioeano aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino?
? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiai ?acoeueoao?a o i?aeoeeo.

Aeey an?o o?ueio ia??iae?a (aeaaiueiai, ?aaeyinueeiai, no/aniiai)
aeyaeaii oa?aeoa?i? ni?euei? e?i?ooth/? oiiae aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino?:
ia?aoai?aiiy eieaeoeao o iaoiai, a?ae/oaeaiiy a?ae ia?iaeieo o?aaeeoe?e,
a?ae/oaeaiiy ethaeeie a?ae i?e?iaee, a?ae naaa. O oeueiio ae ia?aa?ao?
aoei aeyaeaii iieacieee aoiaiiino? oa ??ai? ?? ?icaeiaiino?, a oaeiae
niaoeeo?eo oi?ioaaiiy aoiaiieo ?en o i?aee?oea.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? ia?oiai ?icae?eo a ?acoeueoao? aiae?co iaoeiai?
e?oa?aoo?e (aoiiiaaeaaia?/ii?, ia?iaeiciaa/i?, aoiia?ao?/ii?)
eiioeaio?o?oueny oaaaa ia ??cieo ia??iaeao ?noi??? ?icaeoeo
iaaeaaia?/ii? iaoee, eio?a iaiaeii?aciai caa?oaeany aei
aoiiiaaeaaia?/ii? ioae?ino? o aeoiaaii? ae?oae. Cie?aia oea aena?oeaii o
oai?/?e niaaeuei? oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? aeoiee I. Aa?eiaee, E.
Ai?aoeueeiai, ?. Aaeyoianueeiai, ?.A?caey, I. Aeooiiae/a, E. oa N.
Cecai??a, C. Eiienoainueeiai, ?.E?ieianueeiai, Ee.Ino?icueeiai, O.
I?ieiiiae/a, A. ?aaeeaeeianueeiai, E. Ooeinueeiai, N. ssai?nueeiai.
Ia?iaeia iaaeaaia?ea caaacia/eea aenieee iaoeiaee ceao
i?aeoee?a-aoiai?no?a iaaeaaia?ee naiai /ano: I.A?eaoeueeiai-Iinaiea, N.
Eaeeiianueeiai, A.Ea?ac?ia, ss. Eicaeuenueeiai, ?. Eioey?aanueeiai, ?.
I?eay, ?. Oeie?anueeiai, — ye? aenooieee i?ioe ciain?aeaiiy aeeoeie.
I?iia?oaaee aeoiaaiiy ca oeiii ia?iaeiiai, n?iaeiiai A. A??i/aiei, A.
Ei?ieaiei, O. Oaa/aiei. O i?aoeyo I. Aeaaeaieiaa, N. Eiaae?aa, I. Ei?oa,
O. Eoaaioey, ?. O?aiea, N. *aaaea?iaa oai?aoe/ii oa i?aeoe/ii
aeiaaaeaii, ui ia?iaeia iaaeaaia?ea ? cieioei oiiaeii iaaeaaia?/ii?
iaoee.

O ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo?? aoiai?noe-i?ina?oieee O.Ae?noa?aa?,
ss.Eiiainueeee, A.E. Ianoaeioeoe? o nai?o /eneaiieo i?aoeyo ia?aeiieeai
aeiaiaeeee, ui ia?iaeia iaaeaaia?ea ? caniaii aoiaiiiai oaeineiiaeaiiy
?iaeea?aea ca aeiiiiiaith oaeeo ?? i?eioeei?a, ye-io: naii?aae?caoe?y,
na?aeii?noue, i?e?iaeia?aeiia?aei?noue oa ia?iaei?noue aeoiaaiiy; aeniei
i?aeianaii ?ieue iiae, o?aaeeoe?e oa ni?eeoaaiiy.

Ia no/aniiio aoai? A. Neo?ao?anueeee, I. Noaeueiaoiae/, ?.Nyaaaei
oaeiae aeoeaioothoue oaaao ia iaiao?aeiino? i?aai?caoe?? aeoiaii? ?iaioe
a nenoai? ina?oe ia iniia? canai?iiy oe?a?inueeeo aoiiiaaeaaia?/ieo
oe?iiinoae, o?aaeeoe?e, aa?aaeeeaiai noaaeaiiy aei ieo. Inoaiith aeoieo
ai?uothoue o nai?o ioae?eaoe?yo A.Aieei, O.Aeai’yithe, I.?aiaoaiei,
A.Ne?eiiee, ss.Ieeeinueeee, TH.?oaeaiei, A.O?ai/oe, A.No?oiainueeee oa
?yae ?ioeo o/aieo. O ?oi?o i?aoeyo iaaieioaii, ui aoiiiaaeaaia?ea, iiaea
neoaoaaoe oiiaith aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino?.

Aiae?c aoiia?ao?/iiai iaoa??aeo oa aoiiiaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e,
cae?eniaiee o o?aoueiio ia?aa?ao? oeueiai ?icae?eo, iieacaa, ui
oe?a?inueea ia?yaeia?noue ye ae?yeuei?niee aoiiiaaeaaia?/iee aniaeo o
nenoai? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai ia?iaeiciaa/iai i?ioeano caeaoia
?ica’ycoaaoe ??ciiiai?oi? caaaeaiiy: na?aeiia canoinoaaiiy aaea iaaooeo
ciaiue, oi?iue oa iaae/ie, i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? canai?iiy ciaiue,
caoe?eaaeai?noue o ?o iiiiaiaii?, oaeineiiaeaiiy ai?iue oa iaae/ie,
iiaioaaiiy i?eeii?a aa?enoe/ii? ?iaioe o i?ioean? o?aaeeoe?eii?
ia?yaeiai? aca?iiae??, aeoea?caoe?th i?ciaaaeueii? ia?iaeiciaa/i?
ae?yeueiino?. Caaaeyee anueiio oeueiio a ??ciia?eiaeo eieaeoeaao iaaiiai
ianaeaiiai ioieoo noai?th?oueny neooaoe?y oni?oo, i?e?ieieaeoeae
iaeiinaeueoe?a iathoue ciiao i?aai?ciaoaaoeny oa a?oioaaoeny ca
?ioa?anaie. Oaeei /eiii, ia?yaeia?noue ye ci?no oai?/iai i?ioeano, ui
aecia/a?oueny a?ieia?/iith oa aeooiaiith c??e?noth ?iaeea?aea /a?ac o?
/e ?io? ia?yaee ??/iiai oeeeeo, iiaea neoaoaaoe aeaea?aeii oi?ioaaiiy
aoiaiiiai na?oiaeyaeo i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy. O o?aoueiio ae
ia?aa?ao? aeae?eaii caniae oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ? aia?oa a
oe?a?inuee?e iaaeaaia?oe? c?iaeaii oai?aoe/ia ia??oiooaaiiy iiaeeeainoae
?o eiiieaeniiai canoinoaaiiy. Aeiaaaeaii, ui oe? caniae — ?eooae, i?niy,
neiai-?eoi?eea, neiaie?ea, ?aianea, ?a?e, i?eeiaoe, onia ia?iaeia
oai?/?noue, i?o, ao?eaooeea, ia?niiaae —ia ??ai? iaaeaaia?/ii? iiaecie
iiaeia canoiniaoaaoe o i?aeoeoe? oeiee aeey aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino?
i?aee?oe?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa c aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino?
i?aee?oe?a caniaaie oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino?” i?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui
caniae oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ni?eythoue aeinyaiaiith iaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy. O iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? aiie aeeiiothoue
aaaaoiieaiia? ooieoe??: iaa/aeueio, aeoiaio, ?icaeaath/o,
i?aai?ciaoth/o, eiioi?eaoeaio, naiia?yaeio. Aena?oeaii i?ioean aeoiaaiiy
aoiaiiino? a i?aee?oea caniaaie oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino?. Ia?aa??aii
aoaeoeai?noue oiia canoinoaaiiy cania?a oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino?.
Aenia?eiaio aeaa ciiao aeae?eeoe aoaie aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oea, a
naia: 1) ?ioi?iaoe?eiee — i?ioean iaaeaiiy aeiiiiiae i?aee?oeai o
cae?aii? e inieneaii? ia?yaeiaeo ciaiue (o/anoue o a?oiia?e ?iaio?, o
eeani?e oa iicaeeani?e ?iaio?, ?iaeea?aeoaeueia iiooeiai-aa?enoe/ia
?iaioa, ?iaeea?aeoaeueia iaoeiai-i?ciaaaeueia ?iaioa, aeiaeaoeia?
caiyooy a iicao?i/iee /an, i?aeaioiaea ?aoa?ao?a, iien?a o?aaeeoe?e,
aiae?c ?ioa?a’thaaiiy aaouee?a oa ianaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaiiy onieo aeo?iae?a
oa eiieo?n?a); 2) ae?yeuei?niee — i?aeaioiaea i?aee?oe?a-iii?/iee?a o
ao?oeia?e ?iaio? (aaaeo/eo ia?yaeiaeo nayo-o?ie?a, ea??aiee?a
?aianeiciaa/eo iai?yi?a, ni?aae?a-nie?no?a oa ainaiae?a, /eooe?a,
i?aoi??a oiui); 3) eiiieaeniee — noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaeo oiia ia
nayoao-o?ieao aeey ooi/iaiiy oa cae??ieaiiy caeiaooeo ciaiue, iiaioaaiiy
aoiaiieo oi?iue, oni?oia ?aae?caoe?y canai?ieo ciaiue oa ai?iue ia
i?aeoeoe?; noai?aiiy a eieaeoea? i?aee?oe?a aoiinoa?e ae?oaeaethanoaa,
/oeiino?, oo?aioe, aca?iiiiaaae (ca yeeo aoiinoa?a aoiaiieo
aca?iinoinoie?a ? ia i?eioniaei iaaaioaaeaiiyi, a aioo??oi?i
caaeiaieaiiyi); ia?aa??ea iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, a i?e iaiao?aeiino?
—?o ei?aeoe?y (aca?iiaeiiiiiaa, aeia?ice/eea?noue, aeia?i/einoai) a
?io?e ae?yeueiino? oeiee — iicao?i/i?e, iicaoe?euei?e (nayoa-aenoaae,
ia?yaeiaa ae?yeuei?noue o n?i’?, a ?iaeei?, i?aeoe?euei? cono??/?).

Ia?oee aoai aenia?eiaioo, e??i ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai, iaa ua e ae?aaiinoe/iee
oa?aeoa?. Oi?ioaaiiy aoiaiieo ?en o i?aee?oe?a aoei iaiiaeeeaa aac
aea/aiiy noa’?eo?a aca?iiae??. C oe??th iaoith i?iaiaeeeiny aea/aiiy
noinoie?a o eieaeoea? i?aee?oe?a (a?aeiineie, a/eiee, ii/oooy);
noaaeaiiy ?o aei a/eoaey, aei iaeiieeaniee?a, aei ioi/aiiy, aei
i?e?iaee; aiae?coaaeeny i?e/eie iiyae aeaa?aioii? iiaaae?iee oa
aaeaeoaeino?: a??aneaiino?, a?oaino?, ??ceino?, cooaaeuenoaa,
iaoiea?aioiino?, naiiaaeiaieaiiy, ianeaiino?; aeine?aeaeoaaeiny
?icoi?iiy ae?oueie aeaea?ae aoiaiiino?; c’yniaoaaany ??aaiue ?icoi?iiy
oeo /e ?ioeo aoiaiieo ?en o i?aee?oe?a, a oaeiae inieneaiiy ieie oaeeo
iiiyoue, ye “aoiai?ci”, “aoiaii?noue”, “ia?iaeia ioae??noue”,
“o?aaeeoe??”, “ia?yaeia?noue”.

?ioi?iaoe?eia aeei?enoaiiy cania?a ia?yaeiaino? a nenoai? oeiee ia
aeaei aenieeo ?acoeueoao?a, oiio ia ?ioeo aoaiao oi?ioth/iai
aenia?eiaioo, e??i i?inoiai ia?aaeaaaiiy ciaiue i?i ia?yaeia? ae??, ie
iinoaaeee i?aee?oea ua e a oiiae i?aeoe/ii? ae??aino? aeayeeo ia?yaeiaeo
o?aaeeoe?e (aeea. eieaeeo “Nayoi-o?ie o oeie?”), ye? ni?eyee aoiaii?e
naii?aae?caoe?? i?aee?oea. Oae c’yaeeeny ia?o? ia?inoee oa?ieiino?,
naiiiiooeo, aeia?i/einoaa, i?ioa iiee ui c iaiaaeaiei eieii ethaeae. Ia
ae?oaiio aoai? (a ?acoeueoao? iiooeiaeo ae?e ciaeaeaii iioeiaeueiee
aa??aio) i?aee?oee aoee caeo/ai? aei ia?yaeiai? ae?yeueiino? ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo oaao?ae?caoe?? /a?ac noio cania?a, a ia oie /e ?ioee
aea??eiaee can?a. C’ynoaaeiny, ui i?aee?oee ia o?eueee ae?noaaaee ciaiiy
i?i noinoiee i?ae ethaeueie, i?i aeeooy /a?ac ia?yaeia? ae?enoaa, aea e
aoee aeoeaieie o/anieeaie ia?yaeiai-aoiaiii? ae?yeueiino?: aiie
ai?aaeyeeny a aeia?i/einoa?, yea o?eaaei iiee ui c iaiaaeaiiyi o /an?.
Ia o?aoueiio aoai? canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno cania?a ia?yaeiaino?, ye ?
ia?aaeaa/aeiny, a?ae?a?aei iaaaeyeo iiceoeaio ?ieue o ni?eeiaii? oa
inieneaii? aoiaiieo aca?iei. ? ia o?eueee a inieneaii?, aea e o
canoinoaaii? ?o o naiino?ei?e i?aeoeoe?. Ae?aeia, aca?iiae?y,
oai?/?noue, naii?aae?caoe?y ? i?ia?aeieie iaoiaeaie ia?yaeiai?
ae?yeueiino?. Eiiieaenia canoinoaaiiy cania?a ia?yaeiaino? aeiiiiiaei
caeo/eoe i?aee?oe?a aei naiino?eiiai aeia?i/einoaa c a?ae/oooy aeanii?
iio?aae.

Aiae?c ??aiy noi?iiaaiino? aoiaiiino? a i?aee?oe?a aeaa ciiao a oiae?
oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo canoinoaaoe ??ci? aeaee aeeth/aiiy i?aee?oea a
ia?yaeiao ae?th ? aa?iii?caoe?? oei naiei i?aeiniaeno?nieo noinoie?a:

1) i?e i?iaaaeaii? o?ieo;

2) i?e i?iaaaeaii? o?ieo — aeoiaii? aiaeeie;

3) i?e i?aai?caoe?? o?ieo c aeaiaioaie oaao?ae?caoe?? oa
ae?aiaoecaoe??;

4) i?e i?iaaaeaii? nayoa-aenoaae a iicao?i/iee /an;

5) i?e i?iaaaeaii? ia?yaeiaiai o?ieo (oiaoi nayoa ia o?ioe?).

Aeania aiae?c i?iaiaeeany a oaeeo iai?yiao: ii??aiyiiy aei??thaaiue o
eiio?ieueieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo eeanao; ii??aiyiiy ??aiy
noi?iiaaiino? aoiaiii? iiceoe?? (ca iciaeaie); i?aeiniaeno?ni? noinoiee;
aiioe?eiee noai eiaeiiai; aoiaiia noaaeaiiy aei aeeooy, i?e?iaee,
iaeiie?oe?a, o/eoae?a, aaouee?a, ethaeae ocaaae? (a?aeiia?aeii aei
??ai?a). Iciaee aeyaeaiiy aoiaiiino? a i?aee?oe?a ia eiaeiiio c aoai?a
?iaioe aoee oae?: c iaiaaeaiiyi iaaiei eieii ethaeae /e aac oaeiai
iaiaaeaiiy, c iaiaaeaiiyi o /an? /e aac oaeiai iaiaaeaiiy, c a?ae/oooy
iio?aae /e c i?eiono, aeoeaii /e ianeaii, nenoaii?noue /e
ai?ciaee/i?noue i?iya?a.

Iao? niinoa?aaeaiiy ca noinoieaie a eieaeoea? aei 1—3-ai aoai?a iaee o
a?aenioeao oae? ?acoeueoaoe o a?aeiia?aeieo ?ieao aenia?eiaioo —1-e,
2-e, 3-e aoaie, 2-aa iieiaeia o?aoueiai aoaio:

1 2 3 II iie.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? eeane

?aae?noue ca oni?oe ?ioiai 10 15 40 75

Aca?ii?icoi?iiy 6 15 35 75

Aeia??a 7 20 45 70

Aa/aiiy nai?o a/eie?a 5 10 40 70

Aaco/ani?noue 90 80 45 45

Cacae??noue 95 75 40 15

1 2 3 II iie.

Eiio?ieuei? eeane

?aae?noue ca oni?oe ?ioiai 2 10 25 25

Aca?ii?icoi?iiy 2 10 10 20

Aeia??a 4 15 25 20

Aa/aiiy nai?o a/eie?a 3 10 25 20

Aaco/ani?noue 92 90 25 20

Cacae??noue 90 80 50 75

Ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a ia?oiai — o?aoueiai aoai?a aeoiaii? ?iaioe
iieacaei, ui a i?ioean? ia?oiai aoaio ?iaioe, yeee i?ioiaeea ia iniia?
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iciaeiieaiiy i?aee?oe?a c ia?yaeiaith ia?iaeiciaa/ith
ioae??noth, aoiaii?noue, aeia?i/einoai eeoa ona?aeiiethaaeeny ye cia/oua
oe?ii?noue, a yeui e canoiniaoaaeeny — oi eeoa uiaei aaouee?a oa
?iaeeie; ia ae?oaiio aoai? ?iaioe, aea ie aeei?enoiaoaaee nayoi-aenoaao,
ca aeiiiiiaith aca?iiae?? cania?a “neiaie?ea”, “o?aaeeoe??”, “iiaoo”,
“i?o”, “ia?niiaae”, “?aianea” i?aee?oee iiaioaaee ia o?eueee ci?no
iiiyooy “aeia?i/einoai”, aea e oiiae eiai canoinoaaiiy, a oaeiae ?iaeee
ei?ioei/ani? ni?iae cae?enieoe eiai (? oaia? oaea aei an?o). Ia
o?aoueiio aoai? ie iiaa/eee na?aeiiee iioya i?aee?oe?a aei
aeia?i/einoaa, i?aaiaiiy aei naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy. ? iai?ee?ioe? o?aoueiai
aoaio ?iaioe cieceany aeya ia?aoeaieo ?en, c’yaeeeny oae? aoiaii? ?ene,
ye aeia??a, iiaaaa, oaaaa, ia?aaeeaaiiy, aca?ii?icoi?iiy, iao?aiiy
iaa?aeieie a/eieaie (aeoeai?noue aoiaiii? iiaaae?iee) oiui.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa i?aeoaa?aeeea a?iioaco aeine?aeaeaiiy e
aeiaaea aoaeoeai?noue cania?a oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? oa oiia ?o
aeei?enoaiiy. Ia?yaeia?noue aea o naith /a?ao aecia/eeeny ye
iaaeaaia?/ia oiiaa aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oea ia ??ai? iiaecie.
Noai?aia iaaeaaia?/ia i?ae??oioy, a oaeiae aoiia?ao?/ia,
oieueeei?ii-ioce/ia, ?aianeiciaa/a, i?aoi?nueea ae?yeuei?noue ni?eyee
i?iyaia? o i?aee?oe?a aoiaiiino? /a?ac oae? iieacieee, ye aoiaii?
a?aeiineie, a/eiee oa ii/oooy (i?iya ye aeoeaiee, oae ? iine?aeiaiee).
I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi iaoi? a?iioace noaea aeeiai?ea ??ai?a noi?iiaaiino?
aoiaiiino? a i?aee?oe?a, ui ?? aeyaeaii ??cieie iaoiaeaie. Inue oe?
??ai? o a?aenioeao:

a aenia?eiaioaeueieo eeanao 0 1 2 3

— iecueeee ??aaiue 89 65 60
35

(ia?ioaineaia i?aaiaiiy aei aoiaiieo

a/eie?a ? o?eueee a eie? ?iaeeie);

— na?aaei?e ??aaiue 10 29 29
55

(aeoeaia i?aaiaiiy aei aeia?iae?enoaa a

eie? ?iaeeie oa o aocueeia?oiiaeo ?ioa?anao ?

iaiine?aeiaia —uiaei ae?oc?a, aac noi?-

iiaaii? nenoaie);

— aenieee ??aaiue 1 6 11 25

(aeoeaia e iine?aeiaia i?aaiaiiy aei

aeia?iae?enoaa uiaei aaouee?a ? ae?oc?a oa

c i?eiono — uiaei an?o, iiyaa ii/aoeiaeo

aeaiaio?a nenoaiiino?);

— iaeaeuee ??aaiue 0 0 0 5

(aeoeaia e iine?aeiaia i?aaiaiiy aei

aeia?iae?enoaa uiaei aaouee?a oa ae?oc?a,

a oaeiae uiaei oe?ieiai eiea ethaeae,

ia?aeii? caeaoiino? niiioeaoe ?ioeo

aei aeia?i/einoaa).

a eiio?ieueieo eeanao 0 1 2 3

— iecueeee ??aaiue 89 80 85
60

(ia?ioaineaia i?aaiaiiy aei aoiaiieo

a/eie?a ? o?eueee a eie? ?iaeeie);

— na?aaei?e ??aaiue 10 16 10 35

(aeoeaia i?aaiaiiy aei aeia?iae?enoaa a

eie? ?iaeeie oa o aocueeia?oiiaeo ?ioa?anao

? iaiine?aeiaia —uiaei ae?oc?a, aac noi?-

iiaaii? nenoaie);

— aenieee ??aaiue 1 4 5 5

(aeoeaia e iine?aeiaia i?aaiaiiy aei

aeia?iae?enoaa uiaei aaouee?a ? ae?oc?a oa c

i?eiono — uiaei an?o, iiyaa ii/aoeiaeo

aeaiaio?a nenoaiiino?);

— iaeaeuee ??aaiue 0 0 0 0

(aeoeaia e iine?aeiaia i?aaiaiiy aei aeia?iae?enoaa uiaei aaouee?a oa
ae?oc?a, a oaeiae uiaei oe?ieiai eiea ethaeae, ia?aeii? caeaoiino?
niiioeaoe ?ioeo aei aeia?i/einoaa).

Ioaea, ia?yaeia?noue ? caniae a ?? nenoai? — oea ?ioa??aeueiee oaiiiai,
ui caaacia/o? naii?a?oeyoe?th aeeooy eiaeiiai ?iaeea?aea ye oeyoo
aeooiaii? oai?/ino? c i?ioiaeaeaiiyi iaaieo aoai?a naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy a
eiaeiiio a?eiaiio ia??iae?, a iniaeeai a i?aee?oeiaiio a?oe? —a?ae
a?ioeaio?ecio aei aoiaiiino?. Oe? caniae i?noyoue iiaeeeaino? aeey
a?aeoai?aiiy e?aueo aoiaiieo ?aeaae?a, i???ioe??a aeey caiia?aaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueiiio oa ?noi?e/iiio aaciai’yonoao. Oeueiio ni?eythoue iaai?
oiiae canoinoaaiiy cania?a ia?yaeiaino? ia o?ieao.

sse iane?aeie aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe:

1. I?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui niaoe?aeueii i?aai?ciaaia ?aae?caoe?y cania?a
oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? a iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e ?iaio? ? aaaeeeaith
oiiaith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oe?a
(aeeiai?eo ci?i cana?ae/othoue ??ai? aeyao aoiaiiino?). Oaaaa aei
cania?a oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? (ia o?a?iaioa?ia, a nenoaiaoe/ia)
iiaiith i??ith caaeiaieueiy? aeanoeao i?aee?oeai iio?aao a i?ciaii?
?noeiieo aoiaiieo oe?iiinoae oa ae?iaeaii? aeanii? aoiaiii? iiceoe??.
Aeina?ae iiaoaiiiai oi?ioaaiiy aoiaiieo yeinoae o i?aee?oe?a caniaaie
oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? iiaea aooe aeiiiaiaiiyi aei oe?eueieo i?ia?ai
?c ia?iaeiciaanoaa, e?a?ciaanoaa, aoiiiaaeaaia?ee (aeea. iaoiaee/iee
iin?aiee “?c iaoe?iiaeueieo aeaea?ae”. — Oa?e?a, 1997).

2. Iaaieioaii ia aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy iaoiaee/ieo ?ic?iaie aeey
aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oe?a caniaaie oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ca
oiiae eiiieaeniiai ?o aeei?enoaiiy (iaa/aeueia aeaeaiiy “Nayoi-o?ie”. —
E., 1996).

3. Aeiaaaeaii, ui caniae oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? noeioeththoue
aeia?ice/eea? ii/oooy ? aiaeii/an nea?iaothoue ?o o iai?yi? ia o?eueee
ia naaa, aea e ia ioi/aiiy. Onoaiiaeaii oaeiae, ui oai?/i-ioe?ieiaa
aoiaiia ia?yaeiaa ae?yeuei?noue iiaea aooe iniiaiith oiiaith aoiaiiiai
naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy iniaenoino?.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oae? i?eeiie ia?yaeiaino?, ye aei?o/aiiy, ?ieue,
a?oiia? noinoiee oa a?oiiaa a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, a?iiaaenueea ioe?iea,
ni?eeoaaiiy, iaia’ycie, noai?aiiy neooaoe?? oni?oo, ? aeii?ioth/eie
oaeoi?aie aeyaeaiiy caieo?a i?aee?oe?a: aoiaiii? naii?aae?caoe?? oa
aoiaiiiai naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy. Oaaaa aei caieo?a i?aee?oea a ia?yaeia?e
ae?yeueiino? ni?ey? ?icaeoeia? e?aueo aeanoeainoae oa?aeoa?o: oi?iiy
noaeeoe a ia?oo /a?ao naaa ? oyaeyoe naaa ia i?noe? ?ioeo, oi?iiy
ioe?ieoe iiceoeai? yeino? ?ioiai. Ioaea, oaaaa aei caieo?a oa
naii?aae?caoe?? i?aee?oea ? aeoaea aaaeeeaith a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio
i?ioean? oeiee, a iniaeeai a ii?aeiaii? c ui?aciaith oai?/ith
naiia?aeaea/ath oa ui?aciaei iiiaeaiiyi ae?enoaa. Inoaii? ioneoue
oi?ioaaoe aoiaiiee na?oiaeyae, a ioaea, ni?eyoe aeia?io? o aca?ieiao
i?aee?oe?a.

5. Iaaieioaii, ui ine?eueee aei iniaeeainoae i?iyao aoiaiiino?
iaeaaeeoue iiaioaaiiy iaoai?cio ?icoi?iiy naaa oa ?ioeo, a oeae iaoai?ci
oi?io? cae/eo (yea o naith /a?ao oi?io? a/eiee), — oi iniaeeainoyie
aeyaeaiiy aoiaiiino? ?: naiiioe?iea, cae/ea, a/eiie, — ui ? iniiaith
ia?yaeiaeo ae?enoa. Oiio caniae oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ye oiiaa
i?aeo?eiaiiy aiioe?eii-iiceoeaieo eiioaeo?a iiaeooue ni?eyoe caeiaoooth
aoiaiieo iaae/ie, aeoea?caoe?? aoiaiieo yeinoae, iiooeia? i?aee?oeii
naiiai naaa a iiceoeaieo a/eieao, noinoieao, aaeineiiaeaiith eiai /a?ac
eieaeoea ? aaeineiiaeaiith eieaeoeao — /a?ac eiaeiiai ie?aiiai
?iaeea?aea.

6. I?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui ine?eueee ooieoe??th ia?yaeiai? ae?yeueiino? ?
oi?ioaaiiy aoiaiieo a/eie?a ? noinoie?a i?ae ethaeueie /a?ac
naiiiaa/aiiy, naii?icaeoie, naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy, naii?aae?caoe?th oa
naiiaeoiaaiiy a naiii?aai?ciaoaai?e eiioi?eaoeai?e ia?yaeia?e
ae?yeueiino?, — oi eiiieaenia aeei?enoaiiy cania?a oe?a?inueei?
ia?yaeiaino? iiaea ni?eyoe caeiaoooth aoiaiii-iiceoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa
nioe?ae?caoe?? ?iaeea?aea. Ioaea, ?iaioa o oeie? c aeei?enoaiiyi cania?a
oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ? iaaeaaia?/iith oiiaith aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino?
i?aee?oe?a, ?o aioiaiino? aei aoiaiii? naiia?aeaea/? a nioe?oi?.

7. Aeiaaaeaii, ui aca?iiae?y cania?a ia?yaeiaino? ? ?o eiiieaenia
canoinoaaiiy noeioethaaee ye oai?/?noue, oae ? aoiaiiee naiiaeya,
naii?aae?caoe?th, iioya aei ni?eeoaaiiy ia ??cieo ??aiyo: ethaeeia
—ethaeeia, ethaeeia — nioe?oi, ethaeeia — i?e?iaea. O i?ioean?
ia?yaeiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy ?icaeioeeny iaae/ee naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy, ye-io:
naiiioe?iea, iiaaaa aei ?ioiai, aeia?iae?enoai.

8. I?e i?aeaeoo? i?aenoie?a aenia?eiaioo anoaiiaeaii, ui an? oiiae ia
eiaeiiio c aeoiaieo aoai?a aeei?enoaiiy cania?a oe?a?inueei?
ia?yaeiaino? ni?eyee aeoiaaiith aoiaiiino? i?aee?oea:

a) ia?oee aoai (?ioi?iaoe?eiee) ni?eya ?aaeino? a?ae i?ciaiiy iiaeo
niinia?a aeooiaiiai aeeooy ethaeeie. O?iee ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aeoiaiiai
oa?aeoa?o coiiaeee ci?io iiaeyae?a i?aee?oea ia i?e?iaeo e noinoiee i?ae
ethaeueie, i?aee?oee a?eueoa iia??eee a neeo neiaa ? aeia?iai a/eieo;

a) ae?oaee aoai (ae?yeuei?niee) iieacaa, ui iiaeia ?ica’ycaoe oa /e
?ioa caaaeaiiy ??cieie niiniaaie — a?aeiia?aeii aei ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
iaoee?a; oni?o a?ae aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiiy ni?eya uanoth, a cia/eoue,
cieaeoaaa i??o eaieoaaiiy oa aeoio;

a) ia o?aoueiio aoai? (eiiieaeniiio) aeinyaaeiny naiino?eia aeeiiaiiy
caaaeaiue, iinoaaeaieo o/eoaeai, c’yaeeany ?aae?noue a?ae oni?oo, ui
caiia?aaei aaeaeoaeino?, oieiaeiino?, cacae?ino?; iaoith inoaiiueiai
aoaio aoei a?aeiaoiaeaeaiiy iioeiaeueiiai aa??aioa aeaniiai na?oiaa/aiiy
a?aeiia?aeii aei aeooiaiiai na?oo aeeoeie, ?? iioaioe?eieo caaeaoe?a,
iio?aa, iioeaaoe?e, noeeueiinoae. Naia inoaii?e ??e aenia?eiaioo aoa
ae??oaeueiei o oi?ioaaii? oaeeo aoiaiieo /eiiee?a, ye aeia?iae?enoai,
aeia?ioa, aeia??a, oa?iei?noue, ni?aaaaeeea?noue, ni?a/oooy, /oei?noue,
aecia/aiiy oe?iiino? ?ioiai, a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, aeia?i/eii?noue,
aeia?ice/eea?noue. A?ae?ia?ao?th aei aeena?oaoe?? ai?uaii o nienie,
ianya yeiai noaiiaeoue 750 iaca aeaeaiue. ?ethno?aoeaiei iaoa??aeii aei
ae?oaiai ?icae?eo aeena?oaoe?? ? “Aeiaeaoee”, ui i?noyoue 8 iaca.

AENIIAEE

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiiiiaei iai:

1. Aecia/eoe aaaeeea?noue iiiyoue “aoiai?ci”, “aoiaii?noue” o
o?einio??, ineoieia??, iaaeaaia?oe?, aoiiiaaeaaia?oe?, a ?noi??? oeeo
iaoe aeey ia?ainieneaiiy a no/ani?e iaaeaaia?/i?e iaooe?, a oaeiae
iaaieineoe, ui aoiaii?noue ? iaeaeuith ye?noth ethaeeie, yea
iioe?iiao?oueny noni?euenoaii o i??? eiai i?yioaaiiy aei ?aeaaeo;
?ice?eoe i?ioean aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? a i?aee?oe?a o nenoai? oeiee;
iieacaoe aeooaeuei?noue aeei?enoaiiy cania?a oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ?
?oith ?ieue o noaiiaeaii? aoiaiiiai i?aee?oea; inieneeoe iaiao?aei?noue
aeio?eiaiiy iaaieo oiia i?e aeei?enoaii? cania?a oe?a?inueei?
ia?yaeiaino?, ui ? noeioethth/ei oaeoi?ii aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oea
ca oiia aeaaoiai?caoe?? no/aniiai noni?euenoaa.

2. Iaoeiai ia??oiooaaoe aecia/aiiy nooiino? ia?yaeiaino?, eio?a
ie?aneeeany ye nenoaia cania?a aeey naii?a?oeyoe?? ?iaeea?aeaie ?oiueiai
aeeooy a ??/iiio oeeee? aeooiaii-oai?/iai i?ioeano ? ni?yiiaaia ia
naii?icaeoie oe?e?niiai, aoiaiiiai ?noaa; iaaieineoe, ui ia?yaeia?noue ?
aaaeeeaei ? iaiao?aeiei nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iei /eiieeii ai?ioueae
i?ioe oi?iae?cio o oeie?; o iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo iieacaoe, ui
canoinoaaiiy ia?yaeiaino? aeiiiiaaa?: caeeaeoaaoe o/eoaey c o/iai /a?ac
nenoaio cania?a ia?iaeii? iaaeaaia?ee, iieaaooaaoe i?ioean ni?eeoaaiiy
/a?ac ae?aeia, iiaeeaethaaoe ni?a?ia?oieoeoai ? i?aeaeuoaaoe
?acoeueoaoeai?noue naiiaecia/aiiy iniaenoino? /a?ac ?? aoiaiia
naiiooaa?aeaeaiiy.

3. Iaaieineoe, ui iaaeaaia?/ii aaaeeeaei ? iiaeyae ia caniae
oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ye ia aeeoo?ao iai/i?noue uiaei inieneaiiy
aoiaiieo caeii?a aoooy.

4. ?ice?eoe i?ioean aeei?enoaiiy ia?yaeiaino? o oeie? /a?ac eiiieaen ??
cania?a, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia aeia?i/einoai ia o?eueee uiaei aocueeiai eiea
ethaeae (?iaeeie, ae?oc?a), a e uiaei aeaeueoiai ioi/aiiy, noni?euenoaa,
i?e?iaee. I?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui ia?yaeia?noue ye iaaeaaia?/ia oiiaa
aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? ia? a nia? iniiao aoiai?noe/iiai ni?yioaaiiy:
aaaeeea?noue aeia?ice/eeaino? e aeia?i/einoaa uiaei anueiai aeeaiai ia
caie? oa oo?aioa i?i iueiai.

5. C’ynoaaoe, ui canoinoaaiiy cania?a oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ?
iaaeaaia?/iith oiiaith aeey nenoaiaoe/iiai iiceoeaii-aiioe?eiiai
ni?eeoaaiiy, a ioaea — aeey aeoiaaiiy oiea?aioiino?, aca?iiiiaaae,
inieneaiiy ye naaa, oae ? ioi/aiiy. Naia oiio oe? caniae ia o?eueee
aeoiaothoue ii/oooy, aea ? ni?eythoue i?iyaia? o i?aee?oea aoiaiieo ?en,
noinoie?a, a/eie?a c ??ciith i??ith ?oiuei? oe?iiino?.

6. Aecia/eoe iaaeaaia?/io oe?ii?noue iaoi? i?aoe?, yea iieyaa? a oiio,
ui ie aia?oa a iaaeaaia?oe?: aena?oeeee aeoiai? iiaeeeaino? cania?a
oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino?, ?ice?eee iniaeeaino? i?ioeano aeoiaaiiy
aoiaiiino? i?aee?oea ia ?o iniia?, aecia/eee iioeiaeuei? oiiae oni?oiiai
?o aeei?enoaiiy.

Ona oea a oe?eiio aea? ciiao aa/eoe aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ye
eiiieaenio nenoaio aeei?enoaiiy cania?a oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? aeey
aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? o noa?oeo oeiey??a. Canoinoaaiiy oaeeo cania?a o
oeie? ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith ??aiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oe?a.

Aeaia i?aoey iiaea aoaeoeaii i?eneoaeeoeny ia o?eueee aeey iethaeiaiiy
i?aee?oea, aea e aeey aeyaeaiiy eiai caaeaoe?a. Aeeiiaia aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?e?iaeii, ia ae/a?io? ie?aneaiiai eiea i?iaeai ? ia aea? oi?aa?naeueieo
?aoeaio?a aeey ?ica’ycaiiy an?o neeaaeieo iaaeaaia?/ieo caaaeaiue. Aea
caeiaoo? a oiae? aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe iai?aoethaaiiy iiaeooue aooe
iniaeeai ei?enieie e ia?niaeoeaieie a oaeeo iai?yiao iiaeaeueoeo
?ic?iaie, ye ia?iaeiciaa/a aaeaieia?y, aoiiineoieia?y, aoiiiaaeaaia?ea,
naiia?yaeoaaiiy a o/i?anueeeo eieaeoeaao, i?ioi???ioaoe?y oeiey??a oiui.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaeoi a ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Noaoaithe N. ?a??iiaeuei? ia?yaee — caniae aoiiiaaeaaia?ee / ??aeiee
e?ae. Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee / Ca ?aae. I. ss?ia/aiea, A. Eiciai?. —O.,
1994. — N. 244—254.

2. Nayoi-o?ie. Iaa/aeueia aeaeaiiy / Oee. N. Noaoaithe. — E., 1995. — 50
n.

3. Noaoaithe N. Aeaeyiue, Niia/ei! Ia?iaeiciaa/a aeaeaiiy. — O., 1994. —
50 n.

4. Noaoaithe N. O?ao? ia?iaeaeaiiy. Ia?iaeiciaa/a aeaeaiiy. — O., 1995.
— 34 n.

5. Noaoaithe N. Cono??/aeii Eieyaeo! Ia?iaeiciaa/a aeaeaiiy. — O., 1995.
— 36 n.

6. Noaoaithe N. ? iaeeaathoue ia?iaei? o?aaeeoe?? // «??aeia oeiea» ?
10. —1994. — N. 13—17.

7. Noaoaithe N. Ie?iiieuenueeee i?i ia?iaei?noue // Na??y “Iaaeaaia?ea ?
ineoieia?y”. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ? 3. — 1997. — N. 42—45.

8. Noaoaithe N. I?aai?caoe?y niaoeeo?no c aoiiiaaeaaia?ee // Na??y
“Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y”. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ? 4. — 1997. —N.
94—98.

9. Noaoaithe N. Aeaye? aniaeoe aeei?enoaiiy aoiiiaaeaaia?ee // Aeoiaaiiy
oe?a?inueei? ae?oe. Ca??iee iaoa??ae?a iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? ? 1. —
1997. — N. 69—71.

10. Noaoaithe N. Aeoiai? iiaeeeaino? cania?a aoiiiaaeaaia?ee //
Aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueei? ae?oe. Ca??iee iaoa??ae?a iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? ?
1. — 1997. — N. 81—92.

11. Noaoaithe N. Nayoi-o?ie “Nayoee aa/??” // “Ana aeey a/eoaey”.
?ioi?iaoe?eii-i?aeoe/iee atheaoaiue ? 1. — O., 1996. — N. 18.

12. Noaoaithe N. Iaoe?iiaeuei? aeoiee aaaaonoa aoiaiii? nea?aieoe? //
“Iia? aei?”. Iaoeiai-noni?eueia aeaeaiiy ? 10. — Eaiaaea, 1996. —N.
10—13.

13. Noaoaithe N. Aaaaonoaa iaoe?iiaeueii? aoiaiii? nea?aieoe? // “Iia?
aei?”. Iaoeiai-noni?eueia aeaeaiiy ? 11. — Eaiaaea, 1996. — N. 34—73.

14. Noaoaithe N. Aoiiiaaeaaia?/ia eiioeaioe?y A. Aauaiea //
“Oe?a?inueeee na?o”. Iaoeiai-noni?eueia aeaeaiiy ? 4-6. — E., 1995. — N.
42—43.

15. Noaoaithe N. Iaoiaee/i? ii?aaee aei i?iaaaeaiiy nayoa-o?ieo //
“Aeaea?aei”. Iaoiaee/iee atheaoaiue ? 1. — O., 1994. — N. 53—57.

16. Noaoaithe N. I???ioiaia nayoi-o?ie “Nian?aea” // “Aeaea?aei”.
Iaoiaee/iee atheaoaiue ? 1. — O., 1994. — N. 57—59.

17. Noaoaithe N. I???ioiaia nayoi-o?ie “Ieeiea *oaeioai?aoeue” //
“Aeaea?aei”. Iaoiaee/iee atheaoaiue ? 1. — O., 1994. — N. 59—67.

18. Noaoaithe N. Iaeaieiai?oa caaaeaiiy noni?euenoaa // “A?niee”.
?ioi?iaoe?eii-iaoiaee/ia aeaeaiiy ? 10. — O., 1995. — N. 139—148.

19. Noaoaithe N. Nayoi-o?ie “Aaaaeaiiy Ia??? o o?ai” // “A?niee”.
?ioi?iaoe?eii-iaoiaee/ia aeaeaiiy ? 9. — O., 1995. — N. 121—125.

20. Noaoaithe N. Ie — neiaiaeaie // “A?niee”. ?ioi?iaoe?eii-iaoiaee/ia
aeaeaiiy ? 7. — O., 1996. — N. 80—88.

21. Noaoaithe N. Nayoi-o?ie “Iiaa ?aae?noue noaea” // “A?niee”.
?ioi?iaoe?eii-iaoiaee/ia aeaeaiiy ? 7. — O., 1996. — N. 88—94.

22. Noaoaithe N. Nayoi-o?ie “Ceiiai?” // “Aeaea?aei”. Iaoiaee/iee
atheaoaiue ? 16. — O., 1996. — N. 52—55.

23. Noaoaithe N. Iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo oai?/i? iniaenoino? // “A?niee”.

?ioi?iaoe?eii-iaoiaee/ia aeaeaiiy ? 5-6. — O., 1996. — N. 121—131.

24. Noaoaithe N. Ni?aaoeue eaeeiiaiai e?ath // AEo?aaeee. 1994, ? 4 — N.
3.

25. Noaoaithe N. C /ei oa /iio aa?aieee e?ieyoue? // AEo?aaeee. 1994, ?
4. — N. 6.

26. Noaoaithe N. Aeaaineiae , iaoe, aanio cono??/aoe! // 1994, ? 5. —
N. 3.

27. Noaoaithe N. Iiae?eeny c aeeaei?i // AEo?aaeee. 1994, ? 7. —N. 6

28. Noaoaithe N. Ieeioe? c iiaiai a?iaeath. // AEo?aaeee. 1994, ? 11. —
N. 4.

29. Noaoaithe N. Ieeei?aea. // AEo?aaeee. 1994, ? 12. — N. 6.

30. Noaoaithe N. Aeoeaaea ae?a/eia… // AEo?aaeee. 1994, ? 16. — N. 6.

31. Noaoaithe N. Iiaa ?aae?noue noaea. // AEo?aaeee. 1994, ? 15. — N. 6.

32. Noaoaithe N. Ei?iaath i?e, ei?iaath! // AEo?aaeee. 1995, ? 8. — N.
6.

33. Noaoaithe N. Ie aeae, Aiaea, aanio ca/aoe! // AEo?aaeee. 1995, ? 6.
— N. 6.

34. Noaoaithe N. sse a?aecia/aee eieenue Aiaeio?aua // AEo?aaeee. 1995,
? 1 . — N. 1.

35. Noaoaithe N. ?c aeina?aeo ?iaioe 116-? oeiee // AEo?aaeee. 1995, ?
13 — N. 4.

Noaoaithe N. Ceiia? ia?yaee // “A?niee”. ?ioi?iaoe?eii-iaoiaee/ia
aeaeaiiy ?7. —O. , 1995. — N.80.

Aiioaoe?y

Noaoaithe N.E. Aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino? i?aee?oe?a caniaaie oe?a?inueei?
ia?yaeiaino?. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 — “oai??y oa ?noi??y
iaaeaaia?ee”. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
A.N. Neiai?iaee.

O aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeththoueny iniiai? o?einionueei-iaaeaaia?/i?

iiaeyaee ia aeoiaaiiy aoiaiiino?, ?icaeyaeathoueny caniae eiai
cae?eniaiiy, oiiae oai?/iai aeei?enoaiiy o oeie? aoiiiaaeaaia?/ii?
a?o/eciyii? niaaeueie. Aaaeeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny oaeiae ?icoi?iith
aeooiaii-aiioe?eii? noa?e ? oai?/i-ioe?ieiaiai na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio
a?aeaoaa?oueny aoiaiia aeoiaaiiy i?aee?oea. Anoaiiaeaii, ui caniae
oe?a?inueei? ia?yaeiaino? ? iao?aaeeoe?eieie oi?iaie aoiaiiiai aeoiaaiiy
i?aee?oe?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aoiaii?noue, ia?yaeia?noue, aoiiiaaeaaia?ea.

Aiiioaoeey

Noaoaithe N.E. Ainieoaiea aoiaiiinoe iiae?inoeia n?aaenoaaie oe?aeineie
ia?yaeiainoe. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nineneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
iaaeaaiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 — “oai?ey e enoi?ey
iaaeaaiaeee”. Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao
ei. A.N. Neiai?iaeu.

A aeenna?oaoeee inaauathony iniiaiua oeeinionei-iaaeaaiae/aneea
acaeyaeu ia ainieoaiea aoiaiiinoe, ?anniao?eaathony n?aaenoaa aai
inouanoaeaiey, oneiaey oai?/aneiai eniieueciaaiey a oeiea
yoiiiaaeaaiae/aneiai ioa/anoaaiiiai ianeaaeey. Aaaeiia aieiaiea
oaeaeyaony oaeaea iiieiaieth aeooiaii-yiioeeiiaeueiie noa?u e
oai?/anei-ioeaii/iie n?aaeu, a eioi?ie i?ienoiaeeo aoiaiiia ainieoaiea
iiae?inoea. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi n?aaenoaa oe?aeineie ia?yaeiainoe yaeythony
iao?aaeeoeeiiiuie oi?iaie aoiaiiiai ainieoaiey iiae?inoeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aoiaiiinoue, ia?yaeiainoue, yoiiiaaeaaiaeea.

Annotation

Stefaniuk S.K. Upbringing humaneness of teenagers by means of Ukrainian
customs. The dissertation for getting the scientific degree of Candidate
of Pedagogical Sciences. Speciality: 13.00.01 — Theory and History of
Pedagogics. Kharkiv State Pedagogical University named after H.S.
Skovoroda.

The main philosophical-teachers’ ideas of upbringing humaneness, means
of its realizing; main conditions for the creative use of
national-teachers’ native treasures are given in this work. Great
attention is paid to the spiritual emotional atmosphere and the creative
assess of the environment in which the development of humane upbringing
of teenagers coming out. It is established, that assess ukrainian
customs are non-traditional forms of humane upbringing of teenagers.

Key words: humaneness, customs, national pedagogics.

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