?inoeooo ?ineeiieoeoaa ?i. A.ss.TH?’?aa, OAAI

Oaaaoy Ienaia Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 635.646:63.527:575

AEO?AeIEE IAOA??AE AeEss NOAI?AIIss AAOA?ICENIEO A?A?EAe?A AAEEAAEAI?A

06.01.05 — naeaeoe?y ? ian?iieoeoai

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? iai/?aieoeoaa ? aaooaiieoeoaa OAAI

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?,
/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio OAAI, E?AA*AIEI Aeaaeeneaa Aiae??eiae/, ?inoeooo
iai/?aieoeoaa ? aaooaiieoeoaa OAAI, i?ia?aeiee ni?a?ia?oiee eaai?aoi???
naeaeoe?? ianeueiiiaeo eoeueoo?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, noa?oee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee, INEI*OE Aiae??e Aioiiiae/, ?inoeooo ea?oiiey?noaa
OAAI, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai? ?iaioe, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo
naeaeoe??

aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,
?AA?IIAE* Na?oeaia A?oae??aia, ?inoeooo ?ineeiieoeoaa ?i. A.ss. TH?’?aa,
aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oieeI?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:Oiainueea aea?aeaaia
aa?a?ia aeaaeai?y, I?i?noa?noai AIO, i. Oiaiue

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 19 ” aeiaoiy 1999?. i13-00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64. 366. 01 ?inoeoooo ?ineeiieoeoaa ?i.
A.ss. TH?’?aa, 310060, Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo Iineianueeee, 142, oae.
92-23-78.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
?ineeiieoeoaa ?i. A.ss. TH?’?aa, 310060, Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo Iineianueeee,
142.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “17 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Iao?aieiaa A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ae?iaieoeoai aaeeaaeai?a a Oe?a?i? ui??/ii neeaaea?
a?ey 50 oeny/ oiii. Iniiai? ieiu? ?o ?icoaoiaai? ia i?aaei?, a cii?
eiina?aii? i?iieneiaino?. Ca inoaii? 15 ?ie?a ia aoei ?aeiiiaaii
aeiaeii-ai ni?oo /e a?a?eaea oe??? eoeueoo?e. Iei? a Aea?aeaaiiio
?a?no?? ni?o?a ?in-eei Oe?a?ie ciaoiaeyoueny aeaa ni?oe aaeeaaeai?a —
Aeiiaoeueeee o?iaeaeiee (??e ?aeiioaaiiy 1974) ? Aeiac (??e ?aeiioaaiiy
1983), iacaaaeath/e ia ii-ceoeai? yeino?, iathoue ?yae iaaeie?e?a.
Iai?eeeaae, i?aeoaciee ia??iae noiaee-oaoi?/ia noeae?noue o ni?oo Aeiac
a cii? E?ninoaio noaiiaeoue 125-130 aei?a, a ? iio?aaa ? ?aaeueia
iiaeeea?noue nei?ioeoe eiai aei 100 aei?a. Uia iioe?eoe a?aae
ae?iuoaaiiy aaeeaaeai?a ? ca?eueoeoe ?o ae?iaieoeoai, iaiao?aeii
noai?thaaoe aenieii?iaeoeoeai? ?aiiueinoeae? a?a?eaee.

I?ia?aei? ca?oa?aei? naeaeoe?eii-ian?iieoeuee? o??ie aeei?enoiaothoue o
ae?iaieoeoa? a iniiaiiio aaoa?iceni? a?a?eaee ye iaea?eueo i?eaooeia? ?
eiia?oe?eii caoeuai?. A iao?e e?a?i?, iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui aea/aiiy ?
i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy aaoa?iceniiai aoaeoo o aaeeaaeai?a ii/aeiny
aeaaii, /a?ac a?aenooi?noue eieaeoe?? aeaea?ae ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo
iciae, a oaeiae ciaiue ?o aaiaoe/ii? i?e?iaee iaia? iiaeeeaino?
noai?thaaoe eiia?-oe?eii oe?ii? a?a?eaee. Aeieeea iio?aaa anoaiiaeoe
ei?aeyoe?ei? ca’ycee i?ae nooiaiai i?iyae aaoa?iceno o a?a?eaea c
iaeiiai aieo, aeanoeainoyie ? iciaeaie aaouee?a — c ?ioiai, a oaeiae
iaea?aeaoe aeaea?aea iaaieo ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith oaiaoe/iiai ieaio ?inoeoooo,
aoiaeeoue aei oaie 01: “Noai?eoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe o ae?iaieoeoai
aenieio?iaeaei? ni?oe oa a?a?eaee iai/aaeo eoeueoo? a?aee?eoiai a?oioo c
aenieeie niaeiaeie ? oaoiieia?/ieie yeinoyie, i?eaeaoi? aeey
?iaeono??aeueiiai ae?iuoaaiiy, cae?aiiy, a?aeiinii no?ee? aei oai?ia ?
oe?aeiee?a”, iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? A 01001691?, oa
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie “Aaiaoe/i? ?ano?ne ?ineei. Oi?ioaaiiy oa
aaaeaiiy Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aaieo aaiaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a ?ineei Oe?a?ie aeey
aeei?enoaiiy a naeaeoe?? aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo ni?o?a oa a?a?eae?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?”, iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
03.04 — IA/31 — 97.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei
aea/aiiy ? aeia?? aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo aeey naeaeoe?? ia aaoa?icen ? ia
eiai iniia? iaea?-aeaiiy oeueo?anei?inoeaeeo aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo
aaoa?icenieo a?a?eae?a aaeeaaeai?a.

Eiie?aoi? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue:

— ioe?iea i?ieeaino? e?euee?nieo, o oiio /ene? iniiaieo
ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae eieaeoe?eieo c?ace?a aaeeaaeai?a, oa
aecia/aiiy ei?aeyoe?eieo ca’yce?a i?ae ieie;

— aeia?? aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo aeey naeaeoe?? ia aaoa?icen ? aea/aiiy
i?iyao aaouee?anueeeo iciae a a?a?eaeao F1;

— iaea?aeaiiy aaouee?anueeeo e?i?e c aenieith caaaeueiith
eiia?iaoe?eiith caeaoi?noth (CEC) ? niaoeeo?/iith eiia?iaoe?eiith
caeaoi?noth (NEC);

— noai?aiiy oeueo?a?aiiueinoeaeeo aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo a?a?eae?a F1.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa a E?ninoaiia?e cii?
Oe?a?ie a c??aithaaieo aeieia?/ieo oiiaao ? ca ?aeeiith iaoiaeeeith
i?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo iniiaieo ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae aaeeaaeai?a,
anoaiiaeaii ei?aeyoe?ei? ca’ycee ii?oieia?/ieo oa ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo
iciae; aecia/aii nooi?iue aeii?iaioiino? e?euee?nieo, a oiio /ene?
ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo, iciae aeey eoeueoo?e aaeeaaeai?a; i?iaaaeaii
ioe?ieo CEC oa NEC; aeae?eaii aeaea?aea ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae
aaeeaaeai?a, ye? aeaee iiaeeea?noue noai?eoe i?eioeeiiai iia?
oeueo?anei?inoeae? a?a?eaee F1.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Noai?aii aaiioiiae aeaea?ae
oe?iieo iciae (ca i?iaeoeoeai?noth, ?aiiueinoeae?noth, CEC oa NEC). Ia
aeae?eai? aeaea?aea ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae aaeeaaeai?a iaea?aeaii
na?aeioeoaa Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oeaio?o aaiaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a ?ineei Oe?a?ie.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?yae ni?o?a noaa?eueii aeyaey? iciaee i?aeaeuaii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ?aiiueinoeaeino? a a?a?eaeao ia?oiai iieie?iiy. Oe?
ni?oe ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeey aeei?enoaiiy a naeaeoe?? ia aaoa?icen. Ia
iniia? iaea?aeaieo e?i?e c aenieith CEC ? NEC noai?aii oe?ii? a?a?eaee
F1, ye? cia/ii ia?aaeuothoue noaiaea?o ca ?aiiueinoeae?noth ?
o?iaeaei?noth. Aeaa c ieo – Oeueo?a?aii?e F1 ? Aaeii?n F1 i?ioiaeyoue
aea?aeaaia ni?oiaei?iaoaaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a naiino?ei?e ?ic?iaoe?,
i?aeaioiaoe? ? aeeiiaii? iieueiaeo oa eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?ae?a, ia?iaoe?
? aiae?c? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, ocaaaeueiaii? ?acoeueoao?a,
i?aeaioiaoe? ?aeiiai-aeaoe?e ? ai?iaaaeaeaii? ?o o ae?iaieoeoai. A
noaoo? “E i?iaeaia naiaiaeiay e aeinooiiay ioai?o aaiioeie/aneay
eciai/eainoue” eiie?aoiee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o i?iaaaeaii?
aeiai?o ?c eieaeoe?? aaeeaaeai?a aeaea?ae ?aiiueinoeaeino?, io?eiaii?
a?a?eae?a F1 ? ioe?ioe? ?o ia eiieo?aioi-ni?iiiaei?noue. Eiie?aoiee
aianie caeiaoaa/a a noaoo? “Naeaeoeaiay yeeieiaoeey e niaeo?
aaiioeie/aneie eciai/eainoe” iieyaa? a iaea?aeaii? ?aoeei?ieieo
no?auoaaiue-aa??aio eiio?ieth = aa??aio eiieo?aioe??, i?iaa-aeaii?
aeiai??a c iiioeyoe?e o?aina?aneaieo aaiioei?a, ui ?icuaieththoueny.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
aeieeaaeaii ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae naeaeoe?? ?
ian?iieoeoaa iai/aaeo oa aaooaiieo eoeueoo?” (Ai?iaa, 1995), ia
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo ?
oao?aoe?a “Oeyoe ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy caiaeueieo ?ano?n?a a
Oe?a?i?” (*aaaie, 1995), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Caueoa
iaiua-aao/aauo eoeueoo? e ea?oioaey io a?aaeeoaeae e aieaciae”
(Oe?aniieue, 1996), ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e eiioa?aioe??
“I?iaeaiu naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia e
iooe eo ?aoaiey” (Aaeai?iae, 1997), ia Ana?i-n?enuee?e
iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eio?iaeoeoeey iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo e
?aaeeeo naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo ?anoaiee” (Iaica, 1998), ia can?aeaiiyo
a/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo iai/?aieoeoaa ? aaooaiieoeoaa OAAI (1994-1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 16 ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o, o
oiio /ene? 7 noaoae a ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo ?ia?o oa 9 oac aeiiia?aeae a
iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e ? neiiic?oio.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue anooi, o?noue
?icae?e?a, aeniiaee ? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, nienie aeei?enoaieo
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae (236 iaeiaioaaiue, o o./. 46 ioae?eaoe?e
ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a), aeiaeaoie. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 180
noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 37 oaaeeoeue (16 a iniiai?e
/anoei?, 21 a aeiaeaoeo) oa 2 ?enoiea.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

1.Noai naeaeoe?? eoeueoo?e aaeeaaeai?a(Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e)

Ia iniia? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae iieno?oueny a?ieia?y aaeeaaeai?a.
Aena?oeth?oueny no/aniee noai, aeinyaiaiiy ? i?iaeaie naeaeoe??
aaeeaaeai?a.

2. A?oioiai-ee?iaoe/i? oa aa?ioaoi?/i? oiiae i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue

?iaioo aeeiiaii a aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa? “Ia?aoa” ?inoeoooo
iai/?aieoeoaa ? aaooaiieoeoaa OAAI (Oa?e?anueea iaeanoue) a 1994 — 1997
?? ia iieyo naeaeoe?eii? n?aici?ie. Aeine?aeia ainiiaea?noai “Ia?aoa”
?icoaoiaaia a i?aaeaii?e /anoei? E?aiaa?aaeiiai E?ninoaio, yea
oa?ae-oa?eco?oueny iii??ii-eiioeiaioaeueiei ee?iaoii. A?oioe —
iaeiaoioni? na-?aaeiueinoaeeieia? /i?iicaie, N — 4,0 — 4,5%, ?2I5 — 15
ia%, E2I — 8-10 ia%, ?I — 7,0 — 7,5.

Aa?ioaoi?ea ae?iuoaaiiy aaeeaaeai?a a iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo —
caaaeueiii?eeiyoa aeey ciie E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie. Iaoai?ieia?/i? oiiae
i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioyaii 1994-1997 ?? oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue
ianoaa?euei?noth oaiia?aoo?iiai ?aaeeio ? iiaae?a, ui aeineoue aeia?a
a?aeia?a-aeaee ciiaeuei? iniaeeaino? iiaiaee ? aeicaieeee io?eiaoe
ia’?eoeai? ?acoeueoaoe ioe?iee ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo ? naeaeoe?eieo
iciae ni?oic?ace?a.

3. Ia’?eo oa iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue

A 1994, 1995 ? 1996 ?? a eieaeoe?eiiio ?icnaaeieeo aea/aii ? ioe?iaii
143 c?acea aaeeaaeai?a, c ieo 47 — c e?a?i NIAe (Oe?a?ia, ?in?y,
Iieaeiaa, Aca?aaeaeaeai ? A?oc?y), 45 — c ssiii??, 9 c Eeoath, 7 c
I?ia//eie, 5 c Aieeaiae??, ii 4 c ?oae??, NOA ? Aieaa???, ii 3 c ?oioi??
? Eaiaaee, ii 2 c ?iae??, Aiae??, O?aioe?? ? THaineaa??, ii 1 c
Oo?a//eie, Eieoia??, Aoaai?noaio ? aoaoi? Iaeanoeie. Aeia?? aeo?aeiiai
iaoa??aeo aeey aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeee c aeei?enoaiiyi eieaeoe?eiiai
oiiaeo eaai?aoi??? aaiaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a ?inoeoooo iai/?aieoeoaa ?
aaooaiieoeoaa OAAI.

Eieaeoe?eiee ?icnaaeiee ciaoiaeeany o a?aee?eoiio a?oio?. Noaia naae?iiy
?icnaaee 70 o 35 ni. Ae?eyiee 2-?yaeeia? ii 20 iae?eiaeo ?ineei o
eiaei?e, aac iiaoi?aiue, ca?aeii iaoiaee/iei aeac?aeai ii aea/aiith ?
i?aeo?eiaiith na?oiai? eieaeoe?? iai/aaeo ianeueiiiaeo eoeueoo?, A??
(1977). A a?a?eaeiiio ?icnaaeieeo (1995-1997??.) aoei aea/aii ? ioe?iaii
97 a?a?eae?a F1. Noaia naae?iiy ?icnaaee 70 o 35 ni. Ae?eyiee
2-?yaeeia?, ii 60 iae?eiaeo ?ineei ia ae?eyioe?, iiaoi?i?noue —
/ioe?ee?aoia. Aeine?aee caeeaaeaee ca?aeii c “Iaoiaeeeie iieaaiai iiuoa
a iaiuaaiaenoaa e aao/aaiaenoaa” (1979) ? “Iaoiaeeeie iiuoiiai aeaea a
iaiuaaiaenoaa e aao/aaiaenoaa” (1992 ).

I?ioyaii aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo i?iaiaeeee oaiieia?/i? niinoa?a-aeaiiy
? ii?oieia?/iee iien ?ineei ca “Description Solanum Melongena L, IBPGR”
(1980), “Iaaeaeoia?iaeiui eeanneoeeaoi?ii NYA aeaea Solanum Melongena L”
(1979) ? “Iaoiaee/aneeie oeacaieyie ii eco/aieth e iiae-aea?aeaieth
ie?iaie eieeaeoeee iaiuiuo iane?iiauo eoeueoo?, AE?” (1977). I?iaaaeaii
ioe?ieo iciae o?iaeaeiino? eiaeiiai c?acea. A?io?i?/i? iieacieee
aecia/aee ca?aeii iaoiaee/iei aeac?aeai A?? “Ii?aaeaeaiea oeie/aneeo
aa-uanoa aeey ioeaiee ea/anoaa o?iaeay iaiuiuo e iiaeiauo eoeueoo?”
(1979). Ioe?ieo o?aaeaiiy oai?iaaie ? oe?aeieeaie i?iaiaeeee ca
“Iaoiaee/aneeie oeacaieyie ii eco/aieth e iiaeaea?aeaieth ie?iaie
eieeaeoeee iaiuiuo iane?iiauo eoeueoo?, AE?” (1977).

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ia?iaeaii ca?aeii “Iaoiaee/iei aeac?aeai c
iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a iae?e?a ? niinoa?aaeaiue a
naeaeoe?eieo ? aaiaoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo” (1979). Noaoenoe/iee aiae?c
ni?yaeaii? i?iee-aino? c?iaeaii ca “Iaoiaee/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie ii
noaoenoe/i?e ioe?ioe? naeaeoe?eiiai iaoa?eaeo iai/aaeo ? aaooaiieo
eoeueoo?” (1993). I?e anoa-iiaeaii? ei?aeyoe?eieo ca’yce?a ei?enooaaeeny
eiao?oe??ioii ei?aeyoe?? I??niia, Ni??iaia

(Aeiniaoia A.A., 1979; Eaeei A.O., 1980). Aeey iia?aoea-iiai iiooeo
ei?aeyoe?eieo caeaaeiinoae aeei?enoaii iaia?aiao?e/iee eiao?oe??io
ei?aeyoe?? Oaoia?a (Eo) (A?iieei A.A., 1981). Ni?yaeaio i?iee-a?noue
aeaio aeueoa?iaoeaieo iciae aecia/aee ca eiao?oe??ioii ei?aeyoe?? THea
(Aeiniaoia A.A., 1979). Eiia?iaoe?eio caeaoi?noue aaouee?anueeeo e?i?e
aaeeaaeai?a anoa-iiaethaaee, aeei?enoiaoth/e ae?aeaeuei? no?auoaaiiy, ca
A?eoo?iaii (1956).

4. Aeae?eaiiy aeaea?ae ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae a iaaeao
eoeueoo?iiai

aaiioiiaeo aaeeaaeai?a

Aeey noai?aiiy aaoa?icenieo a?a?eae?a iaiao?aeii, a ia?oo /a?ao, iaoe
aeaea?aea ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae. C iaoi? eieaeoe?? ie aeae?eyee
aeaea?aea ?aiiueinoeaeino?, i?iaeoeoeaiino?, c?acee c ieiaeaie aeniei?
yeino? (i?i?-iaeueiee ai?no nieaieio, iioeiaeuei? ?ici?? ? oi?ia ieiaea,
caaa?aeaiiy ? eiinenoaioe?y i’yeooo) oa c?acee iaeiaio o?aaeai?
oai?iaaie.

Ca o?eaae?noth i?aeoaciiai ia??iaeo a?ae ianiaeo noiae?a aei oaoi?/ii?
noeaeino? an? ni?oic?acee eieaeoe??, ui aea/aeeny, ?iciiae?eaii iaie ia
4 a?oie: ?aiiueinoeae? (100-115 aei?a), na?aaeiuei?aii? (116-130 aei?a),
na?aaeiuei-noeae? (131-150 aei?a) ? i?ciueinoeae? (iiiaae 151 aeaiue).
Iaie aeae?eaia a?oia oeueo?anei?inoeaeeo c?ace?a, o?eaae?noue ia??iaeo
noiaee — oaoi?/ia noeae?noue o yeeo (o na?aaeiueiio ca 3 ?iee) ia
ia?aaeuoaaea 100 aei?a. Aei oe??? a?oie a?aeianaii c?acee: E?i?y 2
(aeia?? c Nei?o yiiinueeeo), ? E?i?y 3 (aeia?? c I?noeaaiai 5)
(Oe?a?ia), Melanzana Bianca (?oae?y), Eggplant Koserugava, Sadahara
Naganasu 1 oa Extra Early ?ur?le (ssiii?y).

Aiae?c eoeueoo?iiai aaiioiiaeo aaeeaaeai?a ca ia??iaeii
noiaee-oaoi?/-ia noeae?noue aeicaieea aecia/eoe eiai i?ieea?noue ca
?ieaie aeey eiaeiiai c?acea ie?aii ? aeey an??? aea??ee a oe?eiio.
Cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa aa??aoe?? ii ni?oic?aceao eieeaaeinue a?ae 0,6 aei
13,4%, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ii?iaeueiee ?iciiae?e /anoio. sse iieacaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? aaiioei-na?aaeiaeua aeey ??cieo
ni?o?a ia ni?aiaaea?, ui aeaco? ia ?nioaaiiy ??cieo ?aaeoe?e eiie?aoieo
ni?o?a i?e iaeiaeiaeo ci?iao na?aaeiaeua. Ca iaoeie aeaieie, a?eueoa
i?ieea?noue (ca ?ieaie) o?eaaeino? ia??iaeo noiaee-oaoi?/ia noeae?noue
niinoa??aaeanue o c?ace?a, ui neeaaeaee a?oio ?aiiueinoeaeeo.
Eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? o ni?oic?ace?a c o?eaae?noth aaaaoaoe?eiiai
ia??iaeo aei 115 aei?a eieeaaany a iaaeao 2,5 — 13,4 % ? a na?aaeiueiio
aei??aithaaa 5%, oiae? ye o a?eueo i?ci?o ni?oic?ace?a a?i ia
ia?aaeuoaaa 5,6% ? a na?aaeiueiio noaiiaea 2,1%. A oe?eiio ae aieea
oaeoi??a na?aaeiaeua ia iciaeo “?aiiueinoeaeino?” iacia/iee.(oaae.1)

Oaaeeoey 1

Aiae?c i?ieeaino? oeueo?a?aiiueinoeaeeo eieaeoe?eieo c?ace?a
aaeeaaeai?a ca iciaeith o?eaae?noue ia??iaeo noiaee-oaoi?/ia noeae?noue
(1994-1996??)

Iaeiaioaaiiy199419951996C?aceaO 1O 2O 3 X SX s Ss V SVAeiac
(noaiaea?o) 1261281301281,2 20,8 1,60,6Eggplant Koserugava 94 88 72
856,611,34,613,45,6Melanzana Bianca 91 89 78 864,07,02,88,13,3Sadahara
Naganasu 95 89 79 884,78,13,39,23,8E?i?y 2 100 89 83
914,978,63,49,53,8Extra Early ?ur?le 98 84 86 894,47,63,048,53,4E?i?y 3
100103 981001,52,651,12,40,96Ia/eneaiee eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? ?aia?a ca
iciaeith “o?eaae?noue i?aeoaciiai ia??iaeo noiaee — oaoi?/ia noeae?noue”
aeey eiie?aoii? ?aeaioe/ii? a?oie ni?oic?ace?a aei??aithaaa 0,96, ?
aeicaieea ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe i?iaaaeaiiy iiia?aaeiuei? ioe?iee
naeaeoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo ca oeue?th ciaeith i?ioyaii iaeiiai
?ieo.

I?iaeoeoeai?noue — iniiaia ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iia iciaea, ye?e
i?eae?-eythoue iaea?eueoo oaaao. sse iieacaee iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
oa?aeoa? i?iyao iciaee “i?iaeoeoeaiino?” caaacia/o?oueny neeaaeiith
noeoii?noth aaiioeii-aeo ? na?aaeiaeuieo oaeoi??a. Aei oiai ae a
ianoaa?eueieo ee?iaoe/ieo oiiaao Oa?e?anueei? iaeano? aieea inoaii?o ia
iciaeo “i?iaeoeoeai?noue” aoa iaaecae/aeii aaeeeei ? /anoi ia?aaa?ooaaa
aoaeoe aaiioeio, ui neeueii oneeaaeithaaei ioe?ieo oa a?aea?? iaae?eiiai
aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo aeey naeaeoe??.

Oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? aaiioei — na?aaeiaeua aeey ??cieo ni?o?a ia
ni?a-iaaeaa. Iao? ?acoeueoaoe aeacothoue ia ?nioaaiiy ??cieo ii?i
?aaeoe?? ia oii-ae ?ieo ae?iuoaaiiy. I?iaeoeoeai?noue i?iaiae?ciaaieo
ni?oic?ace?a aae-eaaeai?a oa?aeoa??coaaeanue aenieith i?ieea?noth
(eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? aei??a-ithaaa 38 — 43,5%). I?ieea?noue ca ?ieaie
o ie?aieo ni?oic?ace?a aoea ae-uith ca ?ai?oa aeacaiee ii??a,
eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? eieeaaany a?ae 15 aei 84%.

Iieouiaa ioe?iea ni?oiaeo iiioeyoe?e aeicaieeea aeyaeoe ?noioiee aieea
oaeoi??a na?aaeiaeua ?ieo ia caaaeueio aeenia?n?th iciaee
“i?iaeoe-oeaiino?” c? cia/iei aianeii aca?iiae?? aaiioei — na?aaeiaeua.
Ca iaoeie aeaieie a eieaeoe?? ni?oic?ace?a aaeeaaeai?a, ui aea/aeany

aeyaeeinue a?eueo?noue oi?i ?c noaaeeueii iecueeei ??aiai
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, aiie neeaaea-ee 28 % a?ae an?o ni?oic?ace?a. Oi?ie c
ianoaa?eueiith iecueeith ? na?aaeiueith i?iaeoeoeai?noth neeaaeaee ii 22
% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? ni?oic?ace?a. Oi?ie c ianoaa?eueii aenieei
? noaa?eueii aenieei ??aiai i?iaeoeoeaiino? cono??/aeenue ??aeei, ?o
/anoea neeaaeaea 8 % ? 3 % a?aeiia?aeii.

Oaeei /eiii, i?ae /an o?e??/iiai aea/aiiy 143-o ni?o?a aaeeaaeai?a aoei
aeyaeaii, ui na?aaei?e ??aaiue i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeo?aeiiai c?acea aea?
eeoa iiia?aaeith oyao i?i eiai naeaeoe?eio oe?ii?noue ca aeaiith
iciaeith. Aeey iie?ioaiiy iciaee iaiao?aeii aei caeo/aiiy a
a?a?eaeecaoe?th ni?oo ioe?ithaaoe eiai i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?iaeea?aeoaeueii
ii ?ineeiao. A iiaeaeueoiio ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie aeiai?aie ? ia?aa??eith
aaiioei?a ca iioiinoaii, iaiao?aeii ae??aithaaoe iciaeo oa i?aeo?eioaaoe
ia anoaiiaeaiiio aenieiio ??ai?.

Iaie oaeiae anoaiiaeaia cia/ia ci?ia oaiioeiiaiai i?iyao iciae
?ii?aeiiieo ni?o?a i?e ?io?iaeoeoe?? ?o a cii? no?aeiiai E?ninoaio
Oe?a?ie, i?e oeueiio noaa?euei?noue i?iyao a?iaeath ni?o?a ca ?ieaie,
i/aaeaeii, ? noao-ai ?iaeea?aeoaeueiith aeanoea?noth ? ia caeaaeeoue
a?ae aenieiai aai iecueeiai ??aiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

Aeia?? aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo ca iciaeith i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaeaaeeoue
i?i-aiaeeoe c iaia’yceiaei o?aooaaiiyi oa?aeoa?o aeieia?/ieo ?aaeoe?e
aaii-oeio. Ca noaa?euei?noth ?ai?iaeoeoaaiiy aenieiai a?iaeath (iiiaae
300 oe/aa), aeey iiaeaeueoi? naeaeoe?eii? ?iaioe iaie aeae?eaii
ni?oic?acee: E?i?y 2 (Oe?a?ia), Aaeeaaeai nei?e, A?a?eae 13/3,
A?ooaaeaeiee, Oeee?iae?e/iee 38/73 (?in?y) ? Erly Blak Japanase
(ssiii?y).

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue c eieaeoe?? aeae?eaii 26
ni?oic?ace?a, ye? ii?aeioaaee ia iaioa aeaio ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo
iciae. Na?aae ieo: E?i?y 2 (aeia?? c Nei?o yiiinueeeo), E?i?y 3 (aeia??
c I?noeaaiai 5) (Oe?a?ia), Aaeeaaeai nei?e (?in?y), Deking grosse runde
(Aieeaiae?y), Eggplant koserugawa ? Exstra Early Purple (ssiii?y) iaee
a?aei?iio ?aiiueinoeae?noue (ia??iae noiaee-oaoi?/ia noeae?noue 89 — 115
aei?a), aenieo i?iaeoeoeai?noue (530 — 820 oe/aa) oa ye?ni? ieiaee
(oeee?iae?e/i? aai a?ooiiiae?ai?, o?ieaoia?, c u?eueiei i’yeooai, aac
a??eioe). Oiio ?o iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey naeaeoe?eii? ?iaioe ye
aeaea?aea, ui ii?aeiothoue aeae?eueea ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae
(oaaeeoey 2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Oa?aeoa?enoeea e?aueo eieaeoe?eieo c?ace?a aaeeaaeai?a ca
?aiiuei-noeae?noth, i?iaeoeoeai?noth oa ye?noth ieiae?a (na?aaei? ca
1994 — 1996 ??).

IaeiaioaaiiyO?eaae?noue ia??iaeo noi-aee – oaoi?/ia noeae?noue,
I?iaeoeoea-i?noue ia 1 sse?noue ieiaea, C?aceaaei? Xn? ±Sx
?ineeio, aAae?aAeiac (noaiaea?o) 128 ± 1,2 612 ± 1884,6 ±
0,01Aaoaenueeee 119 ± 3,1 676 ± 1205,0 ± 0,02Aeueaao?in 115 ± 0,6 598
± 715,0 ± 0,01E?i?y 3 101 ± 1,5 586 ± 1864,6 ± 0,01E?i?y 2 91 ± 4,9
668 ± 1264,8 ± 0,01Aaeeaaeai nei?e 113 ± 1,5 821 ± 634,2 ± 0,01Decking
grosse runde 115 ± 0,4 745 ± 1984,8 ± 0,03Extra Early Purple 89 ± 4,4
529 ± 1154,6 ± 0,03Melanzana Bianca 96 ± 4,0 625 ± 1384,6 ±
0,02Eggplant koserugawa 95 ± 6,6 754 ± 1464,6 ± 0,02A?a?eae 13/3 129 ±
1,2 957 ± 142 4,8 ± 0,01I?noeaaee 616 113 ± 1,2 683 ± 514,8 ±
0,02A?ooaaeaeiee 123 ± 1,5 886 ± 248 4,8 ± 0,02
Oeee?iae?e/iee 38/73 114 ± 1,2 805 ± 964,4 ± 0,01Aiae?enueeee 118 ± 0,9
857 ± 2414,8 ± 0,01Runde Violette 116 ± 2,6 754 ± 1594,6 ± 0,02Ca
i?iaeoeoeai?noth I?? 264,17.

I?iaaaeaia iaie ioe?iea eieaeoe?? aaeeaaeai?a ca no?ee?noth i?ioa
a?i-oe/ieo oaeoi??a aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui iaea?eueo
?iciianthae-aeaieie caoai?thaaiiyie aaeeaaeai?a o e?ninoaiia?e cii? ?
o?oiooi?ic, aeueoa?ia??ic, oiiiin?n oa noaeeii? a’yiaiiy. A?aecia/aii
?nioaaiiy eieeaaiiy nooiaith ni?eeiyoeeaino? aei oai?ia ca ?ieaie.
E?aueie ca no?ee?noth i?ioe o?oiooi?ico aoee: A?a?eae 13/3 ?
Aieaa?nueeee 7/14 (?in?y), c? nooia-iai o?aaeaiiy 2,3 ? 2,5%, ca
no?ee?noth i?ioe oiiiin?no — Black Egg (ssiii?y) ? Runde Violette
(I?ia//eia) c? nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy 11 ? 12% a?aeiia?aeii. A?eueo
noeeueieie aei noaeeiiiai a’yiaiiy aoee ni?oe
no?aeii-ac?aonueei? i?aea?oie.

5. Aaiaoe/i? ia?aiao?e ii?oieia?/ieo oa ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae

aaeeaaeai?a

Aeei?enoaiiy a naeaeoe?eiiio i?ioean? eiao?oe??io?a ei?aeyoe??
aoae-oeaia, yeui i?ae iciaeaie ?nio? aeecueea aei i?yiie?i?eii?
caeaaei?noue aai aaee/eia eiao?oe??ioa ei?aeyoe?? aeineoue aaeeea.
I?iaaaeai? iaie ia/eneaiiy aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaee: na?aae
aaeeei? e?eueeino? aea/aieo iaie iciae ?nio? ?noioia ei?aeyoe?eia
caeaaei?noue i?ae: o?iaea?i c iaei??? ?ineeie ? e?euee?noth ieiae?a ia
?ineei? (r = 0,8), aioioe?aiiaei caaa?aeaiiyi ?ineeie oa o?eaae?noth
ia??iaeo noiaee-oaoi?/ia noeae?noue (r = -0,6), ianith iaeiiai ieiaea ?
e?euee?noth ea?oie a nooea?oo? (r = -0,5), aioioe?aiiaei caaa?aeaiiyi
?ineeie ? aioioe?aiiaei caaa?aeaiiyi i?aen?i’yaeieueiiai eie?ia (r =
0,5), aioioe?aiiaei caaa?aeaiiyi i?aen?i’yaeieueiiai eie?ia ?
o?eaae?noth i?aeoaciiai ia??iaeo noiaee — oaoi?/ia noeae?noue (r =
-0,5). Inoaiiy ei?aeyoe?y iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia i?e aeiai?ao ia ?aii?o
aoaiao iioiaaiaco, ?io? caeaaeiino? — i?e aeiai?ao ca iia?/ieie
iciaeaie. On? oe? ei?aeyoe?ei? caeaaeiino? ?aeiiaiaeo?ii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e
i?iaaaeaii? ioe?iie aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo.

Oaaeeoey 3

Eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? ye?nieo ? e?euee?nieo iciae o aaeeaaeai?a (1994
— 1997 ??.)

Iciaee 1234567891011121.A?iaeae c 1-?
?ineeie0,30,80,20,20,1–0,10,20,10,20,1–0,22.Iana 1-ai
ieiaea–0,30,1–0,10,1–0,30,20,2–0,50,10,13.E?euee?noue ieiae?a
0,10,40,20,2–0,30,20,40,10,24.Aioioe. caaa?aeaiiy ieiae?a —
-0,10,30,80,10,30,15.Aenioa eoua -0,20,40,3–0,1–0,10,26.Oe?eia eoua0,1
-0,30,20,10,37.Iayai?noue oei?a 0,20,20,30,10,18.Ia?iceiaee
eou–0,40,30,20,39.Aioioe. caaa?aeaiiy ?ineeie0,30,5–0,610.Ea?oie a
nooea?oo? F10,10,311.Aioioe iiaenaiyaeie. eieaii–0,512.Noiaee-oao.niae
F115 aeiAeey aea/aiiy i?iyao aaouee?anueeeo iciae a a?a?eaeao F1
aaeeaaeai?a a aeieia?/ieo oiiaao E?ninoaiiai? ciie, ie ioe?ieee
a?n?iaeanyo iaeio a?a?eaeio eiia?iaoe?th, io?eiaio a?ae no?auoaaiiy 13
aaouee?anueeeo oi?i. Aecia/aii nooi?iue aeii?iaioiino? o a?a?eae?a F1
aeey iciae i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ?aiiueinoeaeino? ? no?eeino? i?ioe
o?oiooi?ico. Ca iciaeith “i?iaeoeoea-iino?” a?aecia/aii: 37 aeiaaee?a
iiceoeaiiai aaoa?iceno, ui neeaaea? 45,7%, 21 aeiaaeie i?ii?aeiiai
oniaaeeoaaiiy (25,9%), 9 — iiceoeaiiai aeii?ioaai-iy (11,1%), 8 —
iaaaoeaiiai aaoa?iceno (9,9%) ? 6 aeiaaee?a iaaaoeaiiai aeii?ioaaiiy
(7,4%). Ca iciaeith ?aiiueinoeae?no? aeyaeaii 26 aeiaaeeia iaaaoeaiiai
aaoa?iceno (32,1%), ca no?eeinoueth i?ioe o?oiooi?ico a?eueoiinoue
aeiaaeeia iiceoeaiiai aaoa?ic?no (29,3%).

Oaaeeoea 4

Nooi?iue aeii?iaioiino? aeayeeo ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae

o a?a?eae?a F1 aaeeaaeai?a

Iciaea E?euee?noueC ieo iathoue nooi?iue aeii?iaioiino?Aea/aieo
a?a?eaeieo eiia?iaoe?e<-1a?ae -1 aei-0,5a?ae-0,51 aei 0a?ae 0 aei 0,5a?ae 0,51 aei1>
1I?iaeoeoeai?noue8186219937%1009,97,42,523,411,145,7?aiiueinoeae?noue812
6111411910%10032,113,617,313,611,112,3No?ee?noue i?ioe
o?oiooi?ico751166141622%10014,78818,721,329,3Ioe?ieo no?eeino? ?ineei
aeo?aeieo oi?i ? a?a?eae?a F1 i?ioe o?oio-oi?ico i?iaiaeeee a oiiaao
i?e?iaeiiai ?ioaeoe?eiiai oiio, iai?oaeai?noue yeiai aoea aenieith
(nooi?iue o?aaeaiiy ni?eeiyoeeaeo aei caoai?thaaiue aaouee?anueeeo oi?i
neeaaeaea 46,8%).

Ca ie?aieie aaouee?anueeeie oi?iaie niinoa??aaeenue a?eueo noaa?eueia
iiiaaeaiiy nooiaiy aeii?iaioiino? a iaeei ?c icia/aieo ae?aiacii?a.
I?iaiae?coaaaoe aaeeeo e?euee?noue a?a?eaeieo eiia?iaoe?e, ie iiaeaii
i?eionoeoe, ui aeaye? ni?oe aeyaeythoue niaoeeo?/ii noaa?eueiee aieea ia
oa?aeoa? i?iyao ie?aieo iciae o F1. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaee: nooi?iue aeii?iaioiino? iniiaieo
ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae aaeeaaeai?a caeaaeeoue a?ae aaiioeio
aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo, a?aecia/aia iiceoeaia aeii?ioaaiiy iciae
“i?iaeoeoeaiino?” ? “no?eeino? i?ioe o?oio-oi?ico”, a o iciaee
“?aiiueinoeae?noue” — iaaaoeaia aeii?ioaaiiy.

Iaie aeae?eaii e?i?? aaeeaaeai?a, ye? noaa?eueii aeyaeythoue iciaee
aeniei? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ?aiiueinoeaeino? ? no?eeino? i?ioe o?oiooi?ico
a a?a?eaeao ia?oiai iieie?iiy. E?aueie c ieo ? e?i?y 97 (ca
i?iaeoeoeai?n-oth), e?i?? 91, 92 ? 100 (ca ei?ioeei ia??iaeii
noiaee-oaoi?/ia noeae?noue), e?i?? 92 ? 100 (ca no?ee?noth i?ioe
o?oiooi?ico). Oe? e?i?? ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey io?eiaiiy aaoa?icenieo
a?a?eae?a.

6. Iaea?aeaiiy aaoa?icenieo a?a?eae?a aaeeaaeai?a

Iaeiei c aieiaieo aniaeo?a o aea/aii? aaoa?iceno, yeee iia’ycaiee c
i?aeoe/iith naeaeoe??th aaoa?icenieo a?a?eae?a, ? e?euee?niee aiae?c
eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino?, oiaoi ni?iiiaeiino? ie?aieo aaouee?anueeeo
eiiiiiaio?a aeaaaoe iaaiee aoaeo i?e no?auoaaii? a ia?oiio a?a?eaeiiio
iieie?ii?. Iaoiae ae?aeaeueieo no?auoaaiue ? aoaeoeaiei caniaii
io?eiaiiy aeinoaoiuei iiaii? ea?oeie aaiaoe/iiai eiio?ieth e?euee?nieo
iciae a ?yae? ?ia?aaeieo e?i?e, i?ieeaath/e a oeae aea /an na?oei ia
aaiaoe/io iniiao aaoa?iceno a iioiinoa?, yea io?eiaii a?ae no?auoaaiue
oeeo e?i?e. Iaie iaoiaeii ae?aeaeueieo no?auoaaiue aecia/aiii caaaeueio
(CEC) ? niaoeeo?/io (NEC) eiia?iaoe?eio caeaoiino? aeae?eaieo
eieaeoe?eieo ni?oic?ace?a ? e?i?e aaeeaaeai?a. Aoaeoe CEC ? NEC ca
iciaeaie i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? ?aiiueinoeae?noue e?i?e iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe?
5.

Oaaeeoey 5

Aoaeoe CEC ? NEC ca i?iaeoeoeai?noth ? ?aiiueinoeae?noth e?i?e

aaeeaaeai?a, ye? aea/aeeny

Iiia?I?iaeoeoeai?noue?aiiueinoeae?noueE?i??Aoaeo CECAoaeo NEC
(iaeneiaeueiee)Aoaeo CECAoaeo NEC

(iaeneiaeueiee)2345,57180,7*1,69-5,95*3722,7181,43-2,6-6,95*42-35,86104,
29-0,31-8,81*554,8681,43-3,53-5,167-37,29180,7*4,76-8,81*91-178,83297,81
*2,72-5,76*93-54,21183,750,32-6,71*94172,29*372,2*-0,87-5,76*97109,34*47
2,0*-3,84*-12,93*99-11,66372,2*-1,34-7,68*10112,45685,25*0,08-5,21*102-4
9,38685,25*2,86-12,93*

*- ?niothoue iaai? a?aei?iiino? ia 5%-io ??ai?.

Ioe?iea eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo a ae?aeaeueieo
no?auoaaiiyo aeicaieeea aeae?eeoe e?i?? 97 ? 94 c aenieith CEC ca
iciaeith “i?iaeoeoeai?noue” ? e?i?? 101 ? 102 c aenieith NEC ca oe??th
ae iciaeith. Ca iciaeith “?aiiueinoeae?noue” aenieo CEC iaea e?i?y 97,
aenieo NEC — e?i?? 91, 94, 99 oa 102. Oe? e?i?? ie ?aeiiaiaeo?ii aeey
aeei?enoaiiy a naeaeoe?eiiio i?ioean? i?e noai?aii? ?aiiueinoeaeeo,
aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo a?a?eae?a F1.

I?ioyaii 1995-1997 ??. iaie aoei aea/aii a?eueo 100 a?a?eaeieo
eiia?iaoe?e, iaea?aeaieo a?ae caeo/aiiy a no?auoaaiiy aeae?eaieo c
eieaeoe?? aeaea?ae ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae. Ca iciaeith
“?aiiueinoeaeino?” aeae?eeeeny a?a?eaee A04, A05 (Oeueo?a?aii?e F1),
A011, A 012, A023 (Aaeii?n F1) ? A025. O?eaae?noue i?aeoaciaiai
ia??iaeo noiaee-oaoi?/ia noeae?noue o ieo a na?aaeiueiio ca 3 ?iee ia
ia?aaeuoaaea 100 aei?a. An? a?a?eaee, ui ioe?ithaaeeny, cia/ii
ia?aaa?ooaaee noaiaea?o (ni?o Aeiac) ca aeaiith iciaeith ? a?aeiineeeny
aei a?oie ?aiiueinoeaeeo. Aei oiai ae a?a?eaee ia?aaa?ooaaee ca
iciaeith “?aiiueinoeaeino?” ia o?eueee noaiaea?o, aea ? aaouee?anuee?
e?i??. Ca i?iaeoeoeai?noth a?a?eaee F1 ia?aaa?ooaaee noaiaea?o, iniaeeai
ca ?aii?i o?iaea?i, ui aeoaea aaaeeeai aeey ae?iuoaaiiy aaeeaaeai?a o
i?ai?/ieo ?aeiiao. Noaa?eueiei ? aenieei o?iaea?i a?aecia/aeenue
a?a?eaee A04 (92/94), Oeueo?a?aii?e F1 A05 (92/97), A011 (94/99),
A012 (94/102), Aaeii?n F1 A023 (101/97) ? A024 (102/94). A
na?aaeiueiio ca 3 ?iee aei?iaoaaiiy c eiaeii? ?ineeie oeeo a?a?eae?a aoa
io?eiaiee o?iaeae a?eueo 1 ea, ui i?e aonoio? noiyiiy ?ineei 42 oen. ia
1 aa, a?aeiia?aea? 457-545 oe/aa. O?iaeaei?noue noaiaea?oo — ni?oo Aeiac
aoea ia ??ai? 195-242 oe/aa. O?iaeae-i?noue a?a?eaea Oeueo?a?aii?e F1
noaiiaeea 465 oe/aa, a?a?eaea Aaeii?n F1 — 545 oe/aa ia?aaeueaoa
noaiaea?o ia 497 ? 687 a/ ?ineeie a?aeiia?aeii.

Iaie i?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo a?a?eae?a F1 ca no?ee?noth i?ioe a?ioe/ieo
oaeoi??a. Io?eiai? aeai? aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaee, ui no?ee?noue
a?a?eae?a F1 i?ioe ?iciianthaeaeaieo o E?ninoaiia?e cii? caoai?thaaiue
ciaoiaeeoueny ia ??ai? aai aeu? ca noaiaea?o (iaei? a?a?eaee iieacaee
a?aeiinio no?ee?noue i?ioe an?o iniiaieo caoai?thaaiue, ?io? — aoee
a?aeiinii no?eeeie i?ioe ie?aieo oai?ia).

Aeei?enoaiiy aeae?eaieo iaie e?aueo e?i?e a no?auoaaiiyo aeicaieeei
iaea?aeaoe oe?ii? aaoa?iceni? a?a?eaee. I?ioyaii o?e??/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue a?a?eaee Oeueo?a?aii?e F1 ? Aaei-i?n F1 ia?aaeuoaaee
iaoe?iiaeueiee noaiaea?o ni?o Aeiac ca o?iaeaei?noth ia 100-200 oe/aa.,
iaee o?eaae?noue ia??iaeo noiaee-oaoi?/ia noeae?noue iaioo 100 aei?a,
ca a?aeiiniith no?ee?noth i?ioe iniiaieo oai?ia o E?ninoaiia?e cii?
Oe?a?ie aoee ia ??ai? aai e?au? ca noaiaea?o. Oe? a?a?eaee ia?aaeaii aei
aea?aeaaiiai ni?oiaei?iaoaaiiy. Oa?aeoa?enoeea iiaeo a?a?eae?a
Oeueo?a?aii?e F1 ? Aaeii?n F1 oa ?o aaouee?anueeeo oi?i, iaea?aeaiieo
aeiai?ii c aeaio oe?a?inueeeo oa iaeiiai yiiinueeiai c?ace?a i?eaaaeai?
a oaaeeoe? 6

Oaaeeoey 6

Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea a?a?eae?a Oeueo?a?aii?e F1 ? Aaeii?n F1 c
aaouee?anueeeie oi?iaie oa iaoe?iiaeueiei noaiaea?oii

IaeiaioaaiiyO?eaae?noue ia??iaeo noi-aee–oaoi?/ia noeae?noue,
I?iaeoeoeai?noue ia 1 ?ineeio, a sse?noue ieiaea,C?aceaaei?a Xn? ±Sx
Xn? ±Sxaae?a Aeiac (noaiaea?o)126 ± 1,2612 ± 1884,6Oeueo?a?aii?e F195 ±
1,61108 ± 954,6Aaouee?anuee? 118 ± 1,2 540 ± 624,6E?i??100 ± 4,4529 ±
1154,2Aaeii?n F197 ± 0,71298 ± 984,6Aaouee?anuee? 116 ± 0,6399 ±
714,8E?i??100 ± 4,4529 ± 1154,2

AENIIAEE

1. Anaa?/ia ioe?iea eiiieaeno ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae eieaeoe?e-ieo
ni?o?a aaeeaaeai?a aeicaieeea aeae?eeoe e?au? c ieo ? ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe ?o
aeey aeei?enoaiiy a naeaeoe?? ia aaoa?icen.

2. I?iaaaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y eieaeoe?eieo c?ace?a aaeeaaeai?a ca
nei?inoeae?noth. Aeae?eaii a?oio oeueo?anei?inoeaeeo c?ace?a,
o?eaae?noue ia??iaeo noiaee-oaoi?/ia noeae?noue o yeeo neeaaea? 90-100
aei?a: E?i?y 2 (aeia?? c Nei?o yiiinueeeo,100 aei?a), E?i?y 3 (aeia?? c
I?noeaaiai-5, 100 aei?a) (Oe?a?ia), Melanzana Bianca (?oae?y, 91aeaiue),
Eggplant koserugava (94 aei?), Sadahara Naganasu (95aei?a), Extra Early
Purple (98 aei?a)(ssiii?y), ui ? oe?iiei aeey noai?aiiy nei?inoeaeeo
aaoa?icenieo a?a?eae?a F1.

3. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia/eneaiee iaie eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? ?aia?a ca
iciaeith o?eaae?noue ia??iaeo noiaee-oaoi?/ia noeae?noue (r = 0,96)
aeicaiey? ?noioii nei?ioeoe ioe?ieo naeaeoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo ca
nei?inoeae?noth.

4. Aeiaaaeaii, ui na?aaei?e ??aaiue i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeo?aeiiai c?acea
aaeeaaeai?a ia aea? iiaii? oyae i?i naeaeoe?eio oe?ii?noue eiai ca
aeaiith iciaeith. Oiio, i?e ioe?ioe? aeo?aeieo oi?i iaiao?aeii
a?aoiaoaaoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?iaeea?aeoaeueii ii ?ineeiao, a iiaoi?ieie
a?aeai?aie ca iioiinoaii ae??aithaaoe iciaeo aei iioaioe?eii iiaeeeaiai
??aiy ? eeoa i?ney oeueiai caeo/aoe ?o a aaoa?icenio naeaeoe?th.

5. Ioe?ieo aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo ca iciaeith “i?iaeoeoeai?noue” ne?ae
i?iaiaeeoe c iaia’yceiaei o?aooaaiiyi aaeaioeaieo ii?i ?aaeoe?e aaiioeio
ia ci?ie aeieia?/ieo oiia. Noaa?eueii aenieo o?iaeaei?noue (iiiaae 300
oe/aa) caaacia/othoue ni?oic?acee: E?i?y 2 (Oe?a?ia)/aeia?? c Nei?o
yiiinueeeo/, Aaeeaaeai nei?e, A?a?eae 13/3, A?ooiaeaeiee, Oeee?iae?e/iee
38/73 (?in?y) ? Early Black Japanese (ssiii?y).

6. Aeyaeaii, ui iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeaieie caoai?thaaiiyie
aaeeaaeai?a o E?ninoaiia?e cii? Oe?a?ie ?: o?oiooi?ic, aeueoa?ia??ic,
oiiiin?n, ? noaeeii? a’yiaiiy. A?aecia/aii ?noioia eieeaaiiy nooiaiy
ni?eeiyoeeaino? ?ineei aei oai?ia ca ?ieaie. E?aueie ca no?ee?noth i?ioe
o?oiooi?ico aoee A?a?eae 13/3 ? Aieaa?nueeee 7/14 (?in?y), c? nooiaiai
o?aaeaiiy 2,3 — 2,5%; ca no?ee?noth i?ioe oiiiin?no — Black Egg
(ssiii?y) ? Runde Violette (I?ia//eia), c? nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy 11 — 12%.
A?eueo ni?eeiyoeeaeie aei noaeeiiiai a’yiaiiy aoee ni?oe
no?aeii-ac?aonueei? i?aea?oie.

7. Anoaiiaeaii ei?aeyoe?ei? caeaaeiino? i?ae: o?iaea?i c iaei???
?ineeie ? e?euee?noth ieiae?a ia ?ineei? (r = 0,8), aioioe?aiiaei
caaa?aeaiiyi ?ineeie oa o?eaae?noth ia??iaeo noiaee-oaoi?/ia noeae?noue
(r = -0,6), ianith iaeiiai ieiaea ? e?euee?noth ea?oie a nooea?oo? (r =
-0,5), aioioe?aiiaei caaa?aeaiiyi ?ineeie ? aioioe?aiiaei caaa?aeaiiyi
i?aen?i’yaeieueiiai eie?ia (r = 0,5),

aioioe?aiiaei caaa?aeaiiyi i?aen?i’yaeieueiiai eie?ia ? o?eaae?noth
i?aeoaciiai ia??iaeo noiaee-oaoi?/ia noeae?noue (r = -0,5), Inoaiiy
ei?aeyoe?y iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia i?e aeiai?ao ia ?aii?o aoaiao
iioiaaiaco, ?io? caeaaeiino? — i?e aeiai?ao ca iia?/ieie iciaeaie.
Aeacai? ei?aeyoe?ei? caeaaeiino? ?aeiiaiaeo?ii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e
i?iaaaeaii? ioe?iie aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo.

8. Aecia/aii nooi?iue aeii?iaioiino? iniiaieo ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo
iciae aaeeaaeai?a (i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ?aiiueinoeaeino?, no?eeino? i?ioe
o?oiooi?ico), ui caeaaeeoue a?ae aaiioeio aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo.
Anoaiiaeaii iiceoeaia aeii?ioaaiiy iciae “i?iaeoeoeaiino?” ? “no?eeino?
i?ioe o?oiooi?ico”, a iciaee “?aiiueinoeae?noue” — iaaaoeaia
aeii?ioaaiiy.

9. Aeae?eaii e?i?? aaeeaaeai?a, ye? noaa?eueii aeyaeythoue iciaee
aeniei? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ?aiiueinoeaeino?, no?eeino? i?ioe o?oiooi?ico a
a?a?eaeao ia?oiai iieie?iiy. E?au? c ieo — e?i?y 97 ca i?iaeoeoeai?noth,
e?i?? 91, 92 ? 100 ca ei?ioeei ia??iaeii noiaee-oaoi?/ia noeae?noue,
e?i?? 92 ? 100 ca no?ee?noth i?ioe o?oiooi?ico. Oe? e?i?? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii
aeey iaea?aeaiiy aaoa?icenieo a?a?eae?a F1.

10. Anoaiiaeaii, ui e?i?? 94 ? 97 iathoue aenieo caaaeueio
eiia?-iaoe?eio caeaoi?noue ca iciaeith “i?iaeoeoeai?noue”, e?i?? 101 ?
102 — aenieo niaoeeo?/io eiia?iaoe?eio caeaoi?noue ca oe??th iciaeith.
Aenieo CEC ca iciaeith “?aiiueinoeae?noue” ia? e?i?y 97, aenieo NEC —
e?i?? 91, 94, 99 ? 102. Iacaai? e?i?? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeey noai?aiiy
?aiiueinoeaeeo, aeniei-o?iaeaeieo a?a?eae?a F1 aaeeaaeai?a.

11. Aeei?enoaiiy aeae?eaieo iaie e?aueo e?i?e a no?auoaaiiyo aeicaieeei
io?eiaoe oe?ii? a?a?eaee F1 aaeeaaeai?a Oeueo?a?aii?e F1 — A 05 (92/97)
? Aaeii?n F1 -A 023 (101/97), ye? ia?aaeuothoue iaoe?iiaeueiee noaiaea?o
ni?o Aeiac ia 100-200 oe/aa, iathoue o?eaae?noue ia??iaeo
noiaee-oaoi?/ia noeae?noue iaioo 100 aei?a ? ca a?aeiiniith no?ee?noth
i?ioe iioe?aieo caoai?thaaiue ciaoiaeyoueny ia ??ai? aai aeua
noaiaea?oo. Aeai? a?a?eaee ia?aaeaii aei aea?aeaaiiai ni?oiaei?iaoaaiiy.

12. Aeae?eaiee i?e aeeiiaii? oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeo?aeiee iaoa??ae
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe a naeaeoe?eieo onoaiiaao
iai/?aieoeueeiai i?io?eth i?e noai?aii? aaoa?icenieo a?a?eae?a
aaeeaaeai?a:

8Aeaea?aea i?iaeoeoeaiino?: Aaeeaaeai nei?e, A?a?eae 13/3,
A?ooiaeaeiee, Oeee?iae?e/iee 38/73 (?in?y) , Early Black Japanese
(ssiii?y), E?i?y 2 (aeia?? c Nei?o yiiinueeeo), E?i?? 94, 97, 101, 102
(Oe?a?ia).

8Aeaea?aea ?aiiueinoeaeino?: Melanzana Bianca (?oae?y), Eggplant
koserugava, Sadohara Naganasu, Extra Early Purple (ssiii?y), E?i?y 2
(aeia?? c Nei?o yiiinueeeo), E?i?y 3 (aeia?? c I?noeaaiai-5), E?i?? 91,
92, 94, 97, 99, 100 ? 102 (Oe?a?ia).

8Aeaea?aea no?eeino? i?ioe oai?ia: o?oiooi?ico — A?a?eae 13/3,
Aieaa?nueeee 7/14 (?in?y), e?i?? 92 ? 100 (Oe?a?ia); oiiiin?no- Black
Egg (ssiii?y) ? Runde Violette (I?ia//eia).

8Aeaea?aea yeino? ieiae?a (u?eueiee a?eee i’yeoo, a?aenooi?noue
a??eioe): Aaoaenueeee (?in?y), Aeueaao?in, E?i?y 1 (aeia?? c Melanzana
Violetta di), ? E?i?y 101 (Oe?a?ia).

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1 Naiiaie A.I., TH?/aiei A.I., Ieoaiei E.I., Aaaaooaeeiiaa O.A., Eo?aena
I.I., Oaaaoy I.I. E i?iaeaia naiaiaeiay e aeinooiiay ioai?o
aaiioeie/aneay eciai/eainoue // Iaoeia? i?aoe? ii iai/?aieoeoao ?
aaooaiieoeoao (aei 50-??//y ?inoeoooo). — Oa?e?a, 1997.- O. 1. — N.
112-114.

2 Oaaaoy I.I. N?aaieoaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea eieeaeoeee aaeeaaeaiia ii
ii?oieiae/aneei i?eciaeai e i?iaeoeoeaiinoe ?anoaiee // Naeaeoe?y,
ian?iieoeoai ? oaoiieia?y ae?iuoaaiiy iai/aaeo eoeueoo?. (Ca??iee ?ia?o
iieiaeeo a/aieo aei 50-??//y ?inoeoooo). — Oa?e?a, 1997. — N. 112-115.

3 Oaaaoy I.I. Auyaeaiea enoi/ieeia oicyenoaaiii-oeaiiuo i?eciaeia ec
aaiioiiaea aaeeaaeaiia // Iai/?aieoeoai ? aaooaiieoeoai. — E.: Aa?a?ia
iaoea, 1997. — ? 42. — N. 73-75.

4 Oaaaoy I.I. Onoaiiaeaiea ei??aeyoeeiiiuo caaeneiinoae iaaeaeo
ii?oieiae/aneeie e oicyenoaaiii-oeaiiuie i?eciaeaie o aaeeaaeaiia //
Iai/?aieoeoai ? aaooaiieoeoai. — E.: Aa?a?ia iaoea, 1997. — ? 42. — N.
75-78.

5 Naiiaie A.I., Ieoaiei E.I., Oaaaoy I.I. Naeaeoeaiay yeeieiaoeey e
niaeo? aaiioeie/aneie eciai/eainoe // Iai/?aieoeoai ? aaooaiieoeoai. —
Oa?e?a, 1998. — ? 43. — N. 43-53.

6 Oaaaoy I.I. Eciai/eainoue i?eciaea i?iaeoeoeaiinoe o aaeeaaeai //
Iai/?aieoeoai ? aaooaiieoeoai. — Oa?e?a, 1998. — ? 43. — N. 61-62.

7 Oaaaoy I.I. ?acoeueoaou ioeaiee eieeaeoeee aaeeaaeai ia
?aiianiaeinoue // Iai/?aieoeoai ? aaooaiieoeoai. — Oa?e?a, 1998. — ? 43.
— N. 59-60.

8 Oaaaoy I.I. Ioe?iea eieaeoe?? aaeeaaeai ca i?iaeoeoeai?noth ?ineei //
Oace iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae naeaeoe?? ?
ian?iieoeoaa iai/aaeo ? aaooaiieo eoeueoo?”. — Ai?iaa, Ee?anueei?, 1995.
— N. 52-53.

9 Oaaaoy I.I. Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea eieaeoe?? aaeeaaeai ca
ii?oieia?/ieie iciaeaie, ye? iathoue ainiiaea?nueea cia/aiiy // Oace
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? “ I?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae naeaeoe?? ? ian?iieoeoaa
iai/aaeo ? aaooaiieo eoeueoo?”. — Ai?iaa, Ee?anueei?, 1995. — N. 53-54.

10 Oaaaoy I.I., *a?iaiei E.I. Onoie/eainoue e ooca?eico aea?eaeia F1
aaeeaaeaia // Oacenu iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Caueoa iaiua —
aao/aauo eoeueoo? e ea?oioaey io a?aaeeoaeae e aieaciae”.- Oe?aniieue,
1996. — N. 113-114.

11 Eioea?aaa I.A., Oaaaoy I.I. Oa?aeoa? i?iyaeaiey i?iaeoeoeaiinoe o
aea?eaeia F1 aaeeaaeai // O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
iao/ii-i?iecaiaeno-aaiiie eiioa?aioeee “I?iaeaiu naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai
i?iec-aiaenoaa ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia e iooe eo ?aoaiey”.- Aaeai?iae,
1997. N. 66-67.

12 Oaaaoy I.I. Noai?aiiy aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo aeey iaea?aeaiiy
aaoa?icenieo a?a?eae?a aaeeaaeai // O?oaee I?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Oeyoe aeei?enoaiiy caiaeueieo ?ano?n?a
Oe?a?ie”. *aaaie, 1995.

13 Oaaaoy I.I. Eiiaeiaoeeiiiay niiniaiinoue eeiee, eniieueciaaiiuo aeey
iieo/aiey aea?eaeia F1 aaeeaaeaia // O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai neiiiceoia
“Aaoa?icen naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo ?anoaiee”. — Iineaa, 1997. N. 172-173.

14 Oaaaoy I.I. Nicaeaiea iaoeeiiaeueiie eieeaeoeee iaiuiuo e aao/aauo
eoeueoo? ia Oe?aeia // O?oaeu Ana?inneeneie iao/ii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiie
eiioa?aioeee “Eio?iaeoeoeey iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo e ?aaeeeo
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo ?anoaiee”. — Iaica, 1998. — N. 164-165.

15 Oaaaoy I.I. Naeaeoeey aaeeaaeaia ia aaoa?icen // O?oaee
I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? «Iioei?caoe?y naeaeoe?eiiai i?ioeano
ia iniia? aaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a».– Oa?e?a, 1999.– N. 151–153

16 Oaaaoy I.I., Aiae?thuaiei A.A., E?ooueei ?.A. Eco/aiea ie?iaiai
aaiioiiaea iaiuiuo eoeueoo? // O?oaee I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? «Iioei?caoe?y naeaeoe?eiiai i?ioeano ia iniia? aaiaoe/ieo
iaoiae?a» .– Oa?e?a, 1999. – N. 153–155

Oaaaoy I.I. Aeo?aeiee iaoa??ae aeey noai?aiiy aaoa?icenieo a?a?eae?a
aaeeaaeai?a.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueei-ainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.01.05 — naeaeoe?y
oa ian?iieoeoai.- ?inoeooo ?ineeiieoeoaa ?i. A.ss. TH?’?aa OAAI, Oa?e?a,
1999.

Iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy eieaeoe?? eoeueoo?iiai aaiioiiaeo
aaeeaaeai?a ca eiiieaenii ii?oieia?/ieo, oaiioeiiaeo oa
ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae. Aeyaeaii aeaea?aea oe?iieo iciae, ui
iathoue naeaeoe?eia cia/aiiy. I?iaaaeaia ioe?iea i?ieeaino? aieiaieo
ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae, anoaiiaeaii ei?aeyoe?ei? aca?iica’ycee
i?ae ii?oieia?/ieie iciaeaie oa iciaeaie, ye? iathoue ainiiaea?nueea
cia/aiiy. Aea/aii i?iyaeaiiy aaouee?anueeeo iciae a a?a?eaeao F1
aaeeaaeai?a. I?ae?a?aii aeo?aeiee iaoa??ae aeey naeaeoe?? ia aaoa?icen.
Io?eiaii? aaouee?anuee? e?i?? c aenieith caaaeueiith eiia?iaoe?eiith
caeaoi?noth oa niaoeeo?/iith eiia?iaoe?eiith caeaoi?noth. Noai?aii iia?
oeueo?a?aiiueinoeae?, aeniei-i?iaeoeoeai? aaoa?iceni? a?a?eaee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaeeaaeaie, aaoa?iceniee a?a?eae, aeaea?aei
ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae, i?ieea?noue, aaouee?anueea e?i?y,
ei?aeyoe?eiee aca?iica’ycie.

Shabetya O.M. Initial material for creating heterotic hybrids of
eggplant.– Manuskript.

Dissertation for a candidate of agricultural sciences degree on the
speciality 06.01.05 — plant breeding and seed production.- Institute for
Plant Production n.a. V. Ja. Yurjev ofUAAS, Kharkiv, 1999

Results of studying eggplant cultivated genepool on a complex of
morphological, phenological and other economic-valuable traits are
presented. The source of valuable traits being of breeding significance
are selected. Estimation of principal economic-important signs
variability is carried out; correlation interrelationships between
morphological signs and traits having economic significance are
revealed. Displaying of parental traits in F1 hybrids of eggplants is
researched. Initial material for heterosis breeding is selected.
Parental lines with high general combining ability and specific
combining ability are created. Ultra-early–ripe, high productive
heterotic hybrids are created.

Key words: eggplant, heterotic hybrids, sources of economic-valuable
traits, variability, parental line, correlation interrelationships.

Oaaaoy I.I. Enoiaeiue iaoa?eae aeey nicaeaiey aaoa?iceniuo aea?eaeia
aaeeaaeaiia.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.01.05 — naeaeoeey e
naiaiiaiaenoai. — Einoeooo ?anoaieaaiaenoaa ei. A.ss. TH?ueaaa OAAI,
Oa?ueeia, 1999.

I?eaaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou eco/aiey eieeaeoeee eoeueoo?iiai aaiioiiaea
aaeeaaeaiia ii eiiieaeno ii?oieiae/aneeo e oicyenoaaiii-oeaiiuo
i?eciaeia. Ananoi?iiiyy ioeaiea iicaieeea auaeaeeoue enoi/ieee oeaiiuo
i?eciaeia, eiathueo naeaeoeeiiiia cia/aiea.

I?iaaaeaia eeanneoeeaoeey eieeaeoeeiiiuo ia?acoeia aaeeaaeaiia ii
nei?iniaeinoe. Auaeaeaia a?oiia oeueo?anei?iniaeuo ia?acoeia,
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue ia?eiaea anoiaeu-oaoie/aneay niaeinoue o eioi?uo
?iaiyeanue 90 — 100 aeiae.

Naeaeai aiaeec aaiioeie/aneie eciai/eainoe iniiaiuo oicyenoaaiii–oeaiiuo
i?eciaeia eieeaeoeeiiiuo ia?acoeia aaeeaaeaiia.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi au/eneaiiue iaie eiyooeoeeaio ei??aeyoeee ?aiaia ii
i?eciaeo “aeeeia ia?eiaea anoiaeu–oaoie/aneay niaeinoue” iicaieyao
nouanoaaiii nie?aoeoue ioeaieo naeaeoeeiiiiai iaoa?eaea ii
nei?iniaeinoe.

Aeieacaii, /oi n?aaeiee o?iaaiue i?iaeoeoeaiinoe enoiaeiiai ia?acoea
aaeeaaeaiia ia aeaao iieiiai i?aaenoaaeaiey i naeaeoeeiiiie oeaiiinoe
aai ii aeaiiiio i?eciaeo. Iiyoiio, i?e ioeaiea enoiaeiuo oi?i
iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue i?iaeoeoeaiinoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueii ii ?anoaieyi,
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie ioai?aie ii iioiinoao au?aaieaaoue i?eciae e eeoue
iinea yoiai aiaeaeaoue eo a aaoa?icenioth naeaeoeeth. Ioeaieo enoiaeiiai
iaoa?eaea ii i?eciaeo i?iaeoeoeaiinoue neaaeoao i?iaiaeeoue n
iaycaoaeueiui o/aoii aaeaioeaiuo ii?i ?aaeoeee aaiioeia ia eciaiaiey
yeieiae/aneeo oneiaee.

Auyaeaii, /oi iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiuie caaieaaaieyie aaeeaaeaiia a
Eaninoaiiie ciia Oe?aeiu yaeythony: oeoiooi?ic, aeueoa?ia?eic, oiiiinen,
e ninoaeenoua oayaeaiey. Ioia/aii nouanoaiaaiea eieaaaiey noaiaie
aini?eei/eainoe e aieaciyi ii aiaeai. Aieaa aini?eei/eauie e ninoaeenoui
oayaeaieyi auee ni?oa ainoi/ii–aceaoneie iiaea?oiiu. Auaeaeaiu enoi/ieee
ioiineoaeueiie onoie/eainoe i?ioea aieaciae.

Onoaiiaeaiu ei??aeyoeeiiiua caaeneiinoe iaaeaeo: o?iaeaai n iaeiiai
?anoaiey e eiee/anoaii ieiaeia ia ?anoaiee, aioioeeaiiaie ie?aneie
?anoaiey e aeeeiie ia?eiaea anoiaeu-oaoie/aneay niaeinoue, iannie
iaeiiai ieiaea e /eneii oeaaoeia a nioeaaoee, aioioeeaiiaie ie?aneie
?anoaiey e aioioeeaiiaie ie?aneie iiaenaiyaeieueiiai eieaia,
aioioeeaiiaie ie?aneie iiaenaiyaeieueiiai eieaia e aeeeiie iaaeoaciiai
ia?eiaea anoiaeu–oaoie/aneay niaeinoue. Iineaaeiyy ei??aeyoeey iiaeao
auoue eniieueciaaia i?e ioai?ao ia ?aiieo yoaiao iioiaaiaca, inoaeueiua
caaeneiinoe — i?e ioai?ao ii einaaiiui i?eciaeai. Yoe ei??aeyoeeiiiua
caaeneiinoe iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue i?e i?iaaaeaiee ioeaiie enoiaeiiai
iaoa?eaea.

Eco/aii i?iyaeaiea ?iaeeoaeueneeo i?eciaeia a aea?eaeao ia?aiai
iieieaiey aaeeaaeaiia. Ii?aaeaeaia noaiaiue aeiieiaioiinoe iniiaiuo
oicyenoaaiii-oeaiiuo i?eciaeia aaeeaaeaiia (i?iaeoeoeaiinoue,
?aiianiaeinoue, onoie/eainoue i?ioea oeoiooi?ica), eioi?ay caaenaea io
aaiioeia enoiaeiiai iaoa?eaea.

Ioia/aii iieiaeeoaeueiia aeiieie?iaaiea i?eciaeia “i?iaeoeoeaiinoe” e
“onoie/eainoe i?ioea oeoiooi?ica”, a i?eciaea “?aiianiaeinoue” –
io?eoeaoaeueiia aeiieie?iaaiea.

Auaeaeaiu eeiee aaeeaaeaiia, noaaeeueii i?iyaeythuaa i?eciaee aunieie
i?iaeoeoeaiinoe, ?aiianiaeinoe, onoie/eainoe i?ioea oeoiooi?ica a
aea?eaeao ia?aiai iieieaiey. Eo/oea ec ieo — eeiey 97 ii
i?iaeoeoeaiinoe, eeiee 91, 92 e 100 ii ei?ioeiio ia?eiaeo
anoiaeu–oaoie/aneay niaeinoue, eeiee 92 e 100 ii onoie/eainoe i?ioea
oeoiooi?ica. Eo ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeey iieo/aiey aaoa?iceniuo aea?eaeia
aaeeaaeaiia.

Iieo/aiu ?iaeeoaeueneea eeiee n aunieie iauae eiiaeiaoeeiiiie
niiniaiinoueth e niaoeeoe/aneie eiiaeiaoeeiiiie niiniaiinoueth.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi eeiee 97 e 94 iaeaaeatho aunieie iauae eiiaeiaoeeiiiie
niiniaiinoueth ii i?eciaeo “i?iaeoeoeaiinoue”, eeiee 101 e 102 — aunieie
niaoeeoe/aneie eiiaeiaoeeiiiie niiniaiinoueth ii yoiio i?eciaeo.
Aunieoth IEN ii i?eciaeo “?aiianiaeinoue” eiaea eeiey 97, aunieoth NEN —
eeiee 91, 94, 99 e 102. Iacaaiiua eeiee ?aeiiaiaeiaaiu aeey nicaeaiey
?aiianiaeuo, aunieio?iaeaeiuo aea?eaeia F1.

Eniieueciaaiea auaeaeaiiuo iaie eo/oeo eeiee a ne?aueaaieyo iicaieeei
iieo/eoue iiaua oicyenoaaiii-oeaiiua aaoa?iceniua aea?eaeu aaeeaaeaiia
Oeueo?a?aiiee F1 e Aaeiien F1, eioi?ua i?aauoatho iaoeeiiaeueiue
noaiaea?o ia 100–200 oe/aa, eiatho aeeeoaeueiinoue ia?eiaea
anoiaeu–oaoie/aneay niaeinoue iaiaa 100 aeiae e ii ioiineoaeueiie
onoie/eainoe i?ioea ?ani?ino?aiaiiuo caaieaaaiee iaoiaeyony ia o?iaia e
auoa noaiaea?oa. Iiaua aea?eaeu ia?aaeaiu a ainoaea?noaaiiia
ni?oieniuoaiea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaeeaaeaiu, aaoa?iceniue aea?eae, enoi/iee
oicyenoaaiii-oeaiiuo i?eciaeia, eciai/eainoue, ?iaeeoaeueneay eeiey,
ei??aeyoeeiiiay acaeiinaycue.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 14.09.99 ?. Oi?iao 60 90 1/16

Oiiaieo ae?oe. 1,0. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Caiiaeaiiy ? 88

?ioai?eio ?inoeoooo ?ineeiieoeoaa ?i. A.ss. TH?`?aa OAAI

310060, i. Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo Iineianueeee,142

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