EE?ANUeEEE OIIAA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

OAeE330.341.2

OAUAIEI ?aaaiiy A?eaaei?aia

AIAeOAI?AIIss EAAEIOIEIAAII? ?IAI*I? NEEE A OIIAAO

IA?AOIAeO AeI ?EIEIAI? AEIIIIIEE

08.01.01- aeiiii?/ia oai?iy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiiii/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeiiii?ee i?e?iaeie/eo oaeoeueoao?a

Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe OAAAeA A.A., i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
oai?aoe/ii? oa i?eeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe A?OAEAANUeEEE A?oae?e Einoyioeiiae/,
?inoeooo nioe?ieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio ?ICEIEI Ieaenaiae?
Ieeieaeiae/, Ee?anueeee ?inoeooo ?iaanoeoe?eiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iieoaanueeee ?iaeaia?ii — aoae?aaeueiee oi?aa?neoao, i.Iieoaaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “30” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 14.00 aiaeei? ia
ca-n?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.13 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith:i.Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 90-a, aoae.704

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe?
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith:i.Ee?a,
aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58, e?i. 10

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “30” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Eaiiaiei I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Aeiiiiiea Oe?a?ie ia?aaeeaa? neeaaeiee i
noia?a/eeaee ia?iiae ia?aoiaeo aiae aaeiiiino?aoeaii-eiiaiaeii?
aei ?eieiai? aeiiiiiee, yeee coiiaeth? aeeaieo o?ainoi?iaoeith ani??
nenoaie ae?iaie/eo aiaeiinei. Ae?ioaiiy neeaaeieo caaaeaiue
ia?aoiaeiiai ia?iiaeo oneeaaeith?oueny iaiaoiaeiinoth i?iaaaeaiiy
ei?iiieo no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiue iaoeiiiaeueii? aeiiiiiee o
aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c eiaieith aeiiiii/iiai ?icaeoeo ia?aaeiaeo e?a?i naioo.
Oey eiaiea ia?aaeaa/a? aeeaeiio ia?aaoaeiao no/aniiai ae?iaieoeoaa
ia iniiai anaai/iiai ?icaeoeo iioaioeiaeo aieiaii? i?iaeoeoeaii? neee
noniieuenoaa. A iao /an ana aieueoiai no?aoaai/iiai cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue
oaei oi?ie noniieueiiai aaaaonoaa, ye ciaiiy oa iioi?iaoeiy. Eeoa oi
e?a?ie, ia?iaee yeeo aieiaeithoue (iathoue o nai?io ?icii?yaeaeaiii)
oaeei aaaaonoaii, ye inai/aieie aenieieaaeioieiaaieie o?oaeiaeie
?ano?naie, iiaeaioiaeaieie ca inoaiiiie aeinyaiaiiyie iaoee i oaoiiee, —
ciiaeooue aii?aoeny ic oeie i?iaeaiaie, ui aeieeathoue aai
aeieeaoeiooue a iaeaooiueiio.

Aeooaeueiinoue ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy aaeaeaaoii? aeiiaai
no/aniiai ae?iaieoeoaa nenoaie iiaeaioiaee eaae?ia coiiaeth?oueny oei,
ui naia aenieieaae?o?eiaaia ?iai/a neea ni?iiiaeia oniioii cae?enieoe
ia?aaoaeiao noniieueii-aeiiiii/iiai aaceno iaoi? e?a?ie oeyoii
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaioieo aeinyaiaiue iaoee ? oaoi?ee, iiaeo oi?i
i?aaiicaoei? ae?iaieoeoaa. Ethaee — aieiaiee ?ano?n i iaeiiooaeiioa
neea ae?ioaiiy neeaaeieo caaaeaiue aeiiiiiee iaoi? e?a?ie.

Iiaeaeuaii aeiiae, ui aenoaa? aei i?aoeiaieea oaoiieiai/ia ia?aaoaeiaa
aeiiiiiee, ni?e/eiythoue c?inoaiiy iioa?ano aei i?aaiicaoei? oa
aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie iiaeaioiaee aenieieaaeioieiaaieo eaae?ia ia
canaaeao ?? no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae. Oey ?ai?aaiicaoeiy
noino?oueny, ii-ia?oa, oi?i i iaoiaeia naiiai iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano i,
ii-ae?oaa, iinoieiiai iiooeo oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oeyoia
oiiainoaaiiy i?ioeano iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaieo eaae?ia.

Aeey iaoi? aea?aeaae aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? a?aooaaiiy
naioiaiai aeinaiaeo o ai?iaaaeaeaiii i?iiiaeieo, aeueoa?iaoeaieo oi?i
iieaoe inaioe. sse canaiae/o? naioiaee aeinaiae, o?aaeeoeieii oi?ie
iieaoe nooaeaioaie, oiiainoaaiiy aea?aeaaith, oi?iaie, a oiiaao
?eieiaeo aiaeiinei ia caaaeaee caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaia ooieoeiiioaaiiy
noa?e iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaieo eaae?ia. A aaaaoueio e?a?iao
aiaei?aoeueiaaia i?aeoeea ?icieo ciioaieo oi?i, eiee iieaoa
?iciiaeiey?oueny iiae noa»?eoaie /e iaaea?oueny aeiiiiiaa ia
i?eioeeiao e?aaeeooaaiiy.

I?iaeaia iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaieo eaae?ia ye aaaeeeaa /anoeia
aeineiaeaeaiue caeiiiii?iinoae ooieoeiiioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoei aeeaiei
?ice?eaa?oueny o i?aoeyo aiaeiieo aio/eciyieo o/aieo: Aan/anoiiai
E.E.,Aiaeii Ae.I., A?oae?anueeiai A.E., ,Aaeoey A.I.,Aeieioiueiai I.I.,
Oaeaiei I.A., Oioiai? A.A., *ooii A.A. oa ii. Ieoaiiy ?aoi?ioaaiiy
nenoaie inaioe ooiaeaiaioaeueii aeineiaeaeothoueny a i?aoeyo oaeeo
aiaeiieo o/aieo , ye Ca?aoeueea N.E., Iiaea?aa E.A.,
A?iaeceinueei?I.I., Iaoioii A.A., Uieii A.A. oa ii.

?acii c oei i?iaeaia aaeineiiaeaiiy iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaieo
?iaioieeia a eiie?aoii-inoi?e/ieo oiiaao Oe?a?ie ua iaaeinoaoiuei
aea/aia i aenaioeaia o aio/eciyiie eioa?aoo?i. Iio?aaothoue naiai
aea/aiiy oa aiaeico ieoaiiy ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie inaioe, iiaeaeuaiiy
?? aoaeoeaiinoi oa aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoi ca yeinoue iiaeaioiaee ?iai/i?
neee.

Iaiaoiaeiinoue iiaeeaeaiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy ieoaiue iiaeaioiaee aeniei
eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee o ?iciiiaiioieo ca oi?iith i?aaiicaoei?
caeeaaeao inaioe, a oaeiae aeooaeueiinoue i?iaeaie caaacia/aiiy
iaoeiiiaeueii? aeiiiiiee eaaeioieiaaieie eaae?aie coiiaeee aeai?
oaie, iinoaiiaeo iaoe i eiaieo aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy ?
?ic?iaea eiioeaiooaeueieo iiaeoiaeia oa oai?aoe/ieo canaae
i?aaiicaoeieii-aeiiiii/iiai iaoaiicio aiaeoai?aiiy aenieieaaeioieiaaii?
?iai/i? neee ye ae?ioaeueiiai oaeoi?o no/aniiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
aecia/aiiy iniiaieo iai?yieia aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoeiiiaeueii? nenoaie
inaioe.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa coiiaeea iaiaoiaeiinoue ae?ioaiiy ianooiieo

caaea/:

-aea/aiiy iniiaieo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia, ui
coiiaeththoue ciiio aeiia c aieo no/aniiai ae?iaieoeoaa aei ?iai/i?
neee;

-anoaiiaeaiiy i??a?oi? yeinieo oa?aeoa?enoee no/anii?
aeni-eieaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee, ?ice?eooy ciinoo iiiyooy
«eaaeioieaoeiy» i?aoeiaieea a no/aniiio ?icoiiiii;

— aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae ia?aaoaeiae nenoaie i?aeaioiaee
eaaeioieiaaieo eaae?ia c a?aooaaiiyi naioiaiai aeinaiaeo;

— aiaeic aeaiaio?a ?eieiaiai oa?aeoa?o aiaeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee;

— aecia/aiiy ?iei oa ooieoeie aea?aeaae ye aieiaiiai noa’?eoa
aiaeiinei ii iiaeaioiaoei eaaeioieiaaieo eaae?ia;

— aea/aiiy no/aniiai noaio noa?e iaa/aiiy eaaeioieiaaieo
eaae?ia a Oe?a?ii;

— ?ic?iaea i?iiiceoeie ii aecia/aiith ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yieia
?icaeoeo nenoaie iiaeaioiaee aenieieaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee oiui.

I?aaeiao i ia’?eo aeineiaeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeineiaeaeaiiy ?
noni?euei? a?aeiineie, ui aeieeathoue a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy oa
a?aeoai?aiiy aenieieaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee, aaeaeaaoii? aeiiaai
no/aniiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ia’?eoii aeineiaeaeaiiy ? eiie?aoii oi?ie i?aaiicaoei? i?aeaioiaee oa
ia?ai?aeaioiaee eaae?o?eiaaieo oao?aoe?a a iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao
nenoaie inaioe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoiaeieiaiy oa iaoiaeeea aeineiaeaeaiiy a?oioo?oueny ia
ooiaeaiai-oaeueieo iieiaeaiiyo eeane/ii? oa no/anii? aeiiiii/ii?
oai?i?, aea ?iai/a neea ?icaeyaea?oueny ye ae?ioaeueiee oaeoi?
aeiiiii/iiai oa nioeiaeueiiai i?ia?ano.

I?e ae?ioaiii iinoaaeaieo caaea/ aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaoiaee aiaeico
i neioaco, eiie?aoiiai i aano?aeoiiai, ii?iaiyiue.
Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiai/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy
noaei aea/aiiy i e?eoe/ia ia?ainieneaiiy aieiaieo aeinyaiaiue
aio/eciyii? oa ca?oaiaeii? aeiiiii/ii? aeoiee c i?iaeai aiaeoai?aiiy
eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee.

Iaoiaee/iith iniiaith aeineiaeaeaiiy ? caeiiiaeaa/i aeoe, iinoaiiae,
iieiaeaiiy, ?ioaiiy i?aaiia aea?aeaaii? aeaaee Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue
?aoi?ioaaiiy aaeoci inaioe, ?icaeoeo nenoaie ia?aiiaeaioiaee
eaae?ia, i?ioanieii? i?i?ioaoei? oiui. A ?iaioi aeei?enoaii aio/eciyii
oa iiicaiii iaoa?iaee noiniaii iniaeeainoae i?aaiicaoei? inaioiuei?
iiaeono?i?, aeinaiaeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia?niaeoeaieo oi?i iiaeaioiaee oa
aeei?enoaiiy eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee.

Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa a?oioo?oueny ia aeaieo aio/eciyii? oa
naioiai? noaoenoeee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy oa iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoei oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue, yei
caaaa/othoue eiioeaioeith aiaeoai?aiiy eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee a
oiiaao ciioaii? aeiiiiiee oa a iaa?oiooaaiii iniiaieo aeiia aei noaoono
eaaeioieiaaiiai i?aoeiaieea c iiceoei? iio?aa ?icaeoeo no/aniiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, cie?aia:

-aecia/aii nooiinoue eaoaai?i? «eaaeioieiaaia ?iai/a neea» yea ii?yae
c /enoi i?ioan?eieie ciaiiyie ? iaae/eaie ana a?eueoa aeeth/a?
nioeiaeueii oa?aeoa?enoeee ( o/anoue a aeoe?iia?iiio eai?oae? ,
oi?aae?ii? ainiiaea?noaii ? o.?. ), ui a?aeia?aaea? oaiaeaioe?th
nioe?ae?caoe?? a?aeoai?aiiy aieiaii? i?iaeoeoeaii? neee noni?eueiiai
?icaeoeo;

-aecia/aii iaeaieueo oa?aeoa?ii iciaee noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo nenoaie
aiaeoai?aiiy eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee ca oiia ia?aoiaeii? aeiiiiiee
(i?aeii?yaeeiaai?noue i?ioeano i?aoe? noai?aiith ye?nii? oa
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeii? i?iaeoeoe??, yea caeaoia caaeiaieueieoe aeiiae
ethaeeie. ?eiie i?aae’yaeyth/e iia? aeiiae aei i?aoe?, ?noioii ci?ith?
iioeaaoe?th i?aoe?, noeioee ?? ci?i). I?e oeueiio caaaeueia
ni?yiiaai?noue ?icaeoeo aeaii? nenoaie caaacia/o?oueny aea?aeaaiith
iie?oeeith a aaeoc? ina?oe;

-iaa?oioiaaia iaiaoiaeiinoue ii?yae c iiaeaioiaeith eaaeioieiaaii?
?iai/i? neee caaacia/eoe nioe?aeueiee caoeno ianaeaiiy, ai naia ia oe?
i?ioa?ee iaaaoeaii aieeaa? aac?ia?ooy, niaae ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?io?
iaaa?acaee;

-nenoaia i?aeaioiaee ? caa?aaeaiiy eaae?o?eiaaii? ?iai/i? neee ?
?aaeueiei oaeoi?ii no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiue oa aeiiiii/iiai c?inoaiiy.Aea
aiia iiaea aeeiiaoe oeth ?ieue ca oiiae, eiee ii?yae c
i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?eiei c?inoaiiyi aoaea iaeii/anii ?icaeaaoenue
iaieiae?iiy ?eieiaeie oiiaaie i?aoe? ? ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

-noi?ioeueiaaii iniiaii iai?yiee ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie iiaeaioiaee
oaoiaoeia, ni?yiiaaii? ia noaiiaeaiiy eiieo?aioieo aiaeiinei iiae
iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie /a?ac ?icaeoie ?iciiiaiioieo oi?i iaa/aiiy
iiae eiio?ieai aea?aeaae;

-cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aa?oino? i?aeaioiaee
oao?aoe?a ia?aaeaa/a? ia eeoa a?aooaaiiy on?o aeo?ao o/aiaiai caeeaaeo,
aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaieo c i?aai?caoe??th ? i?iaaaeaiiyi
iaa/aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano, aea ? i/?eoaaiiai aoaeoo a?ae
i?aoe? oao?aoey ia ae?iaieoeoa?, aeao?oeeoiino? aeaii? niaoe?aeueiino?
oiui.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ocaaaeueiaiii iniiaieo
/eiieeia oi?ioaaiiy yeinii iiai? nenoaie inaioe, yea ni?iiiaeia
caaacia/oaaoe iiaeaioiaeo eaaeioieiaaieo eaae?ia o
aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c i?iaiiciaaiei iiieoii ae?iaieoeoaa ia ieo oa c
o?aooaaiiyi ia?niaeoeaieo c?ooaiue aeiiiiiee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoei
eiie?aoieo i?iiiceoeie uiaei iiaeaeuaiiy nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ii?
aoaeoeaiinoi ooieoeiiioaaiiy nenoaie iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i?
neee oa ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a inaioyinueeo i?aeoeeo.

Iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoei? : aeei?enoiaothoueny a i?ioeani i?iaaaeaiiy
eaeoeieieo oa naueiia?nueeeo caiyoue a Ee?anueeiio
i?iieneiai-aeiiiii/iiio eieaaeaei (aeiaiaeea N27? aiae 18.02.1997?.).
Ie?aii ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue ciaeoee nai? i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy
i?e ?ic?iaoei oa noai?aiii iaa/aeueii-iaoeiai-ae?iaie/eo eiiieaenia.
(aeiaiaeee N39 aiae 17.09.1996?.; N01-118, aiae
20.01.1997?.).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoei?
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia caniaeaiii eaoaae?e aeiiiiiee i?e?iaeie/eo
oaeoeueoaoia Ee?anueeiai oiiaa?neoaoo iiaii Oa?ana Oaa/aiea a aa?acii
1997 ?. oa ethoiai 1998 ?., ia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio naiiia?i
Ee?anueeiai i?iieneiai-aeiiiii/iiai eieaaeaeo oa eaoaae?e aeiiiiiee
oiei? Iinoeoooo iiaeaeuaiiy eaaeioieaoei? ea?iaieo eaae?ia Iiiinoa?noaa
ca’yceo a o?aaii 1991 ?., ia niieueieo iaoiaeieiai/ieo naiiia?ao
(aa?anaiue 1996?., ethoee 1997?.) a ?aieao aeeiiaiiy Aeiaiai?o i?i
niia?iaioieoeoai iiae eaoaae?ith aeiiiiiee Iaoeiiiaeueiiai oaoii/iiai
oiiaa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie «EII» oa Ee?anueeei i?i-ieneiai-aeiiiii/iei
eieaaeaeai, ia caniaeaiiyo iinueeiai ia’?aeiaiiy aeeeaaea/ia iai?yieo
aeiiiiiee (a?oaeaiue 1995?.), ia caniaeaiii ?aaee aee?aeoi?ia
iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia I-II ?iaiia (/a?aaiue 1993?.).

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy aeiiiaiaeaeenue ia iaoeiaie eiioa?aioei?
«No/anii ineoieiai-iaaeaaiai/ii i?iaeaie iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy o aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao I-II ?iaiia ae?aaeeoaoei? (i.Ee?a, 20-21 /a?aiy
1996?.)

Iiae ea?iaieoeoaii aaoi?a ?iaioe ?ic?iaeaii i?ioanieii-inaioyinueei
i?ia?aie oa iaa/aeueii ieaie iiaeaioiaee iieiaeoeo niaoeiaeinoia
c niaoeiaeueiinoae «Aeiiiiiea iiaei?e?inoaa», «Eiia?oeieia
aeiyeueiinoue» a Ee?anueeiio i?iieneiai-aeiiiii/iiio eieaaeaei, a ia
aaci iaoa?iaeia aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe caiaeii c aeuaaeacaieie
iaa/aeueieie ieaiaie ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/ii aeaciaee aei aea/aiiy
i?aaeiaoo «Oi?aaeiiiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie» aeey niaoeiaeueiinoae
aeiiiii/iiai iai?yieo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii a 6
iaoeiaeo ?iaioao caaaeueiei ianyaii 3,4 ae?oeiaaieo a?eooi: 3 — o
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo cai?ieeao; 1 – o ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue; 1 — o
iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iiio iiniaieeo; 1 — oace.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny ci anooio, 3-o
?icaeieia, aeniiaeia, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoee. Ianya
aeena?oaoe?? 165 noi??iie, a oiio /ene? 10 oaaeeoeue
ia 9 noi??ieao, 4 noaie ia 3 noi??ieao, 10 aeiaeaoe?a ia 17
noi?iieao, 145 eioa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CIINO

O anooii iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeueiinoue oaie, iieacaii noai ?ic?iaee
iaoeiai? i?iaeaie, iaoa oa caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy, oai?aoe/ia oa
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia, iaoeiaa iiaecia oa
ai?iaaoeiy ?iaioe.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Eaae?o?eiaaia ?iai/a neea: nooue oa ?eieiaee
oa?aeoa? a?aeoai?aiiy», aeine?aeaeothoueny nooi?noue oa ci?no
aeiiii?/ii? eaoaai??? eaae?o?eiaaia ?iai/a neea c iiceoe?? ?eieiaiai
oa?aeoa?o ?? a?aeoai?aiiy.

Oai?aoe/iei aeoiaeiei ioieoii aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy ?
eiioeaioe?y eaaeioieiaaiiai i?aoeiaieea ye ae?ioaeueiiai oaeoi?o
aeiiiii/iiai i?ia?ano, yeee ia i?inoi ? ceeaaeiaith /aoeiith i?ioeano
ae?iaieoeoaa, a e ?ooieiith neee ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue a Oe?a?ii.
Iaa?oiooaaiiy c?inoaiiy ?iei iniaeoiai oaeoi?o a iiaeieaiii
aeiiiii/ii? e?ece noniieueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa coiiaeei iaiaoiaeiinoue
aeineiaeaeaiiy ieoaiue iaoiaeieiai? aecia/aiiy eaoaai?iaeueiiai aia?aoo
oa iniiaieo neeaaeiaeo aniaeoia, ui oi?iothoue iiiyooy eaaeioieiaaiiai
i?aoeiaieea noiniaii oiia ia?aoiaeii? aeiiiiiee.

Ia iniia? aiae?co no?oeoo?e iiiyooy «eaaeioieiaaia ?iai/a neea», yea
aeeth/a? aeai a?oie aeaiaioia: i?e?iaeii aiaeiiiiinoi ethaeeie i oaei,
ui inoi?e/ii neeaaeathoueny iiae aieeaii nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ieo oiia,
anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e?iaeii yeinoi i?aoeiaieea neeaaeathoue i?iaeaio
aiaeoai?aiiy oice/iiai iioaioeiaeo ?iai/i? neee, yea iaaecae/aeii
caaino?th?oueny a no/anieo oiiaao ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue a iaoie e?a?ii.
Aiaeoai?aiiy oice/ii? caeaoiinoi i?aoeiaieea aei aoaeoeaii?
o?oaeiai? aeiyeueiinoi, ye a?aeiii, iio?aao?, a ia?oo /a?ao,
aeinoaoiueiai ?iaiy caaeiaieaiiy ia?aeiieo iio?aa, ui aeey cia/ii?
/anoeie ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie nueiaiaei? ? i?iaeaiith.

A aeena?oaoeieiiio aeineiaeaeaiii aeoeaioo?oueny, ui iniaeeainoth
ae?oai? a?oie yeinoae ?iai/i? neee ? oa, ui aiie, ii-ia?oa, ? aoi?eiieie
i aaaaoi a /iio aecia/athoueny oaeoi?aie ia?oi? a?oie. I?e oeueiio
caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia oa, yeui o i?aoeiaieea aiaeoai?aiiy eiai
oice/iiai iioaioeiaeo aiaeaoaa?oueny ia aeinoaoiueiio ?iaii, oiaei
eiai coneeey aoaeooue iai?aaeaii ia iiaeaeuaiiy i?ioanieii?
iaenoa?iinoi, ia yeinia i ?aoaeueia aeeiiaiiy nai?o
ae?iaie/eo iaia’yceia. I ii-ae?oaa, oei yeinoi ?icaeaathoueny i iiaeooue
aooe nooo?ai iiaeaeuaii a i?ioeani inaioe oa i?ioanieii?
iiaeaioiaee. C iiaeaeuaiiyi eoeueoo?iiai oa i?ioanieiiai ?iaiy
i?aoeiaieea, i?e oiiai aeinoaoiueiai caaeiaieaiiy ia?aeiieo iio?aa
aeey nai?? aeeoo?aeiyeueiinoi, iioeaaie aeiyeueiinoi eiai ana aieueoa
aoaeooue noaaaoe oaei ii?aeueii i?i?ioe?e, ye aeinyaiaiiy aenieiai
aaoi?eoaoo i iiaaae a eieaeoeai, naii?aaeicaoeiy i iinoieia
naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy.

Iiaeeaeaiee aiaeic neeaaeiaeo /anoei eaoaai?i? ?iai/a neea ia no/aniiio
aoaii ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo nee aeaa ciiao aeyaeoe yeinii ciiie o
aiaeiineiao eeane/iiai oaiaeaio «eaiioaeino — iaeiaiee i?aoeiaiee».
Nenoaia ae?iaie/eo aiaeiinei, iniiaieie noa’?eoaie a yeie aenooiathoue
iaeiaii i?aoeiaieee i eaiioaeinoe, a ia’?eoii ?iai/a neea,
?icoe?th?oueny i oneeaaeith?oueny. Oea coiiaeth?oueny, ii-ia?oa,
ciiiith noaiiaeua i?aoeiaieea a i?ioeani ae?iaieoeoaa — eiai ooieoeiyie
noathoue ia eeoa aeeiiaiiy iaaieo iia?aoeie, a e iioaeaeooaeueia oai?/a
aeiyeueiinoue, o/anoue a i?ioeani i?eeiyooy oi?aaeiinueeeo ?ioaiue
oiui. A ii-ae?oaa, ?icaeoie aiaeiinei aeaniinoi, oa?aeoa?iee aeey
no/aniiai noniieuenoaa, «?icieaa?» iinooiiai /ioeo iaaeo iiae aeaiia
iiey?ieie aeanieeaie: aeanieeii caniaia ae?iaieoeoaa i aeanieeii
?iai/i? neee.

Aaoi? ?aoa?iaaii? ?iaioe aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui nenoaia ae?iaie/eo
aiaeiinei a no/anieo oiiaao aeeth/a? oaeiae i oi aiaeiineie, ui
neeaaeathoueny iiae iaeiaieie i?aoeiaieeaie i aeuei oi?aaeiinueeei
aia?aoii, iiae ieie i i?eaaoieie aeanieeaie a i?ioeani ae?iaieoeoaa,
oi?aaeiiiy niieueiith aeaniinoth, ?iciiaeieo oa oi?ioaaiiy aeioiaeia ia
eeoa aiae o?oaeiai? aeiyeueiinoi, a e aiae aeaniinoi. I?ioean
aiaeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee ia?anoa? aooe iniaenoith ni?aaith
i?aoeiaieea.

Oi?ioaaiiy ?iai/i? neee iaaiiai ?iaiy inaioe i eaaeioieaoei? ia iiaea
aiaeaoaaoeny noeoieii a no/anieo oiiaao, a aeiaaa?
aiaeiiaiaeieo aeie c aieo anio noa’?eoia ?eieiaeo aiaeiinei:
iiaei?e?ioeia ye ?aaioiaeaaoeia, aicianiaiia ye noa’?eoia caaacia/aiiy
i?eaaoieo oi?i i?ioanieii? iiaeaioiaee, aea?aeaae oa naieo
i?aoeiaieeia.

Aiaeic aeinaiaeo oi?ioaaiiy i aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/i? neee a nenoai?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei aeicaieea aeaeieeoe ianooiii
aaaeeeai oa?aeoa?enoeee eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee, caeaoii? aenooiaoe
aieiaiith i?iaeoeoeaiith neeith no/aniiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ii-ia?oa, oea aenieee ?iaaiue caaaeueii? inai/aiinoi oa
niaoeiaeueii? i?ioanieii? iiaeaioiaee. No?iieee ?icaeoie
iaoeiai-oaoii/iiai i?ia?ano iinoieii iiaeaeuo? ianya iaiaoiaeieo
ciaiue aeey no/aniiai i?aoeiaieea ia oieueee aeuiai, a e aoaeue-yeiai
iioiai ?iaiy eaaeioieaoei?.

Ii-ae?oaa, ii?yae ic nooi i?ioanieieie iaae/eaie c?inoa? cia/aiiy
iniaenoeo yeinoae i?aoeiaieea, na?aae yeeo i?iaiaeia iinoea caeia?
caeaoiinoue aei oai?/i? i?aoei. No/ania ae?iaieoeoai aeiaaa? aiae
i?aoeiaieea ia eiie?aoieo ciaiue /e ae?iaie/iai aeinaiaeo, aea e aiiiiy
canoiniaoaaoe oei ciaiiy a ianoaiaea?oieo neooaoeiyo. Oiio any
nenoaia iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaieo eaae?ia iiaeiia i?i?iooaaoeny ia
i?inoi ia iaaeaiiy ciaiue, a ia oa, uia iaa/eoe ?o aeiyoe a neeaaeiie
neooaoei?, ae?iooaaoe iai?aeeia?ii caaaeaiiy, yei iinoieii aeieeathoue
a no/aniiio ae?iaieoeoai.

Ii-o?ao?, iniaeeaa cia/aiiy iaaea?oueny oaeiae oaeei yeinoyi
no/aniiai i?aoeiaieea, ye aiiiiy i?aoethaaoe a eieaeoeai, aiiiiy
niieueii ae?iooaaoe ae?iaie/i oa oaoii/ii i?iaeaie. Oea noino?oueny
i?aoeiaieeia onio ?iaiia eaaeioieaoei?, aea iaeaieueoith ii?ith —
oi?aaeiinueeiai ia?niiaeo. Aaaeeeaeie ooieoeiyie yeiai ? noai?aiiy
niieieii? oai?/i? aoiinoa?e na?aae o/aniee?a ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano,
i?aaiicaoeiy i?aoei ?iaioieeia c o?aooaaiiyi ?o iniaenoeo yeinoae,
iiaeaeuaiiy ?o caiioa?aniaaiiinoi a eiioeaaeo ?acoeueoaoao.

Ii-/aoaa?oa, aaaeeeaeie yeinoyie no/aniiai i?aoeiaieea ?aio/einoue
i iiaieueiinoue, oiaoi caeaoiinoue ia?aoiaeeoe c iaeiiai ae?iaie/iai
i?ioeano ia iioee, caeaoiinoue iinoieii a/eoeny i ia?aiaa/aoeny, aeey
aaaaoueio i?ioanie aeooaeueiith noa? i oa?eoi?iaeueia iiaieueiinoue,
aioiaiinoue aei ia?a?caeia /e aiae?yaeaeaiue.

Ii-i’yoa, no/aniee i?aoeiaiee iiaeiai aeineiiaei aieiaeioe
iiaioiueith oaoiieith (i ia?o ca ana aeaeo?iiii-ia/enethaaeueiith),oiio
ui aiia ana aieueoa noa? iaaiae’?iiei ao?eaooii iiaooo i
i?aaiicaoei? ni?aa ia aoaeue-yeiio iiaei?e?inoai /e a i?aaiicaoei?.

A aeena?oaoei? aiaeii/a?oueny, ui aeuacacia/aii ?ene aenooiathoue
i?iyaii aeiaaeueiiai i?ioeano — c?inoaiiy ?iei ethaenueeiai oaeoi?o a
i?ioean? ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo nee noni?euenoaa. Naia ethaeeia c ??
i?ioanieieie yeinoyie oa ii?aeueieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie noa?
?ooieiith neeith aeei?enoaiiy iiaioiuei? oaoiiee, a oaeiae ?? ?icaeoeo i
aaeineiiaeaiiy. I?ioanieiee i aeooiaiee ?icaeoie ethaeeie a iao /an
aaaaea?oueny iaeaaaeeeaioei caniaii aeiiiii/iiai c?inoaiiy, a oaeiae
— eiai eiioeaaith iaoith. Nueiaiaei? ethaeeia ?icaeyaea?oueny ia
i?inoi ye ?iai/a neea, aeo?aoe ia yeo neiae iiiiiicoaaoe, a ?ano?n,
yeee o?aaa iiaieiciaoaaoe i ?icaeaaoe, yeee aeiaaa? iiaanoeoeie a iaiii
ia aiaeiiaiaeio aiaeaea/o. Ethaenueei ?ano?ne i oi?aaeiiiy ieie
iaaoaathoue no?aoaai/iiai cia/aiiy.

Aeena?oaoeieiee aiaeic canaiae/ea, ui caeieniaiiy ei?iiii? ia?aaoaeiae
ae?iaie/eo aiaeiinei a Oe?a?ii a i?ioeani ia?aoiaeo aiae
aaeiiiino?aoeaii-eiiaiaeii? aei nioeiaeueii-i?i?ioiaaii? ?eieiai?
aeiiiiiee iaiiaeeeaa aac ae?ioaiiy i?iaeaie aiaeoai?aiiy eaaeioieiaaieo
eaae?ia ia caaaeueiiiaoeiiiaeueiiio ?iaii.

Ii-ia?oa, oniioe iaoi? ia?aaoaeiae caeaaeaoue aiae eaaeioieaoe?? oeo
ethaeae, yei ea?othoue oeei i?ioeanii a Oe?a?ii. Oniioia ea?iaieoeoai
oiaeii ?aoi?i ia? a?oiooaaoeny ia ciaiii ia’?eoeaieo aeiiiii/ieo
caeiiia i caeiiiii?iinoae, aeinaiaeo iioeo e?a?i o caeieniaiii
aeiiiii/ii? iieioeee, ui aoaeo?oueny ia ?icieo oai?aoe/ieo ieaooi?iao.

Ii-ae?oaa, oniioia ae?ioaiiy i?iaeai i?eaaoecaoei?, ?icaeoeo
iiaei?e?iieoeoaa aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeaoue aiae oeo ethaeae, yeeo
oei i?iaeaie noinothoueny. Ianeieueee aoaeoeaii aoaea
oi?ioaaoeny oeeaieiciaaia iiaei?e?iieoeueea na?aaeiaeua, caeaaeeoue
aiae caaaeueiiai ?iaiy inaioe, aeiiiii/ii? a?aiioiinoi, ii?aeueieo
yeinoae iaoeo ethaeae i,aacia?a/ii, aiae aiaeaeaiinoi nai?e e?a?ii.

Ii-o?ao?, na?eiciith i?iaeaiith a Oe?a?ii ? aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy
iioaeaeooaeueiiai iioaioeiaeo aaeeei? eieueeinoi eaaeioieiaaieo
?iaioieeia i niaoeiaeinoia.

Ii-/aoaa?oa, aio/eciyia nenoaia inaioe aaea ca?ac iiaeiia
i?i?iooaaoeny ia oeae iiaee oei eaaeioieiaaiiai i?aoeiaieea (oe?ieiai
i?ioieth, caeaoiiai iiiyoe niaoeiaeueiinoue, ia?aiaa/aoeny i i?aoethaaoe
ii oe?ieiio eieo caaaeaiue). Oa ?iai/a neea, yeo ie oi?io?ii nueiaiaeii
i yea aoaea i?aoethaaoe caao?a a iiaiio noniieuenoai iiaeiii
?icaeyaeaoeny ye aeaea?aei c?inoaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai aaaaonoaa. A??ii
iiaoaeiaaia nenoaia inaioe oa i?ioanieii? iiaeaioiaee aeicaieeoue
aeoiaoaaoe i?aoeiaieeia, caeaoieo aoaeoeaii ae?yoe a oiiaao oaeaeeeo
ci?i.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeiaiaeeoueny, ui c ?icaeoeii oiaa?iiai
ae?iaieoeoaa niinoa?iaa?oueny iiaeeoieaoeiy aei? caeiio aa?oinoi,
aiaeaoaa?oueny caoaeaiiy oiaa?iiai oa?aeoa?o aiaeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee.
A oiiaao «/enoi?» ?eieiai? aeiiiiiee (ia?oueny ia oaaci aoai aieueii?
eiieo?aioei? c iiiiiaeueiei ao?o/aiiyi aea?aeaae a aeiiiiieo) iniiaiith
oi?iith i?iyao aa?oinoi oiaa?o ?iai/a neea aenooiaea ca?iaioia ieaoa.
Ononiieueiaiiy i?ioeano aiaeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee ?iaeoue iaaeinoaoiii
iayaiinoue oieueee oei?? oi?ie aeey aiaeoeiaeoaaiiy ?? aa?oinoi oa
aiaeiiaeaiiy caeaoiinoi aei i?aoei. Caieueoaiiy aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai
?iai/i? neee no/aniiai i?aoeiaieea ?iaeoue iaiiaeeeaei aeey iueiai
caaacia/aiiy ii?iaeueiiai ?iaiy naiiaiaeoai?aiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «I?aai?caoe?y nenoaie i?aeaioiaee eaae?o?eiaaii?
?iai/i? neee a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ci?oaii? aeiiii?ee»
aeine?aeaeo?oueny aaiethoe?y ooieoe?e aea?aeaae ii caaacia/aiith
i?aeaioiaee eaae?o?eiaaieo eaae??a. ?ao?iniaeoeaiee aiae?c ?icaeoeo
a?o/eciyii? nenoaie ina?oe aeicaieea aeyaeoe oaiaeaioeith, caiaeii yei?
a noeoiiinoi iio?aa, iaiaoiaeieo aeey aiaeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee
ii?iaeueii? yeinoi, nooo?ai c?inoa? /anoea iio?aa, yei iiaeooue aooe
caaeiaieaii oieueee ia eieaeoeaiie /e noniieueiie iniiai.
I?aaiicaoeiy ?o aeiaaa? aaeeeiianooaaieo aeie c aieo aea?aeaae, aaeeeeo
ei?ii?aoeie, /e a?iiaaenueeeo i?aaiicaoeie. Oeei coiiaeth?oueny i
iiyaa iiaeo oi?i aa?oinoi ?iai/i? neee, aiaeoai?aiiy yeeo ana
aieueoa caeienith?oueny ia iioaa?iaaiie iniiai: iiaeeaeaeoaeueiie,
eieaeoeaiie, noniieueiie. Iniaeeainoth oeeo oi?i ? ia?eieiaee oa?aeoa?
aiaeoai?aiiy, oiaoi caaeiaieaiiy oaeeo iio?aa caeienith?oueny ia ia
ieaoiie, aai ia iaiaaeaii ieaoiie iniiai.

Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiao?oueny, ui a oiiaao ciioaii? aeiiiiiee inaioa
iaaoaa? aeanoeainoae noniieueiiai oiaa?o. A ?aaeueiie i?aeoeoei inio?
aaaaoi iiaeeeainoae aeey caeiaoooy inaioe /e iiaeaeuaiiy eaaeioieaoei?
i?aoeiaieeia: oea i aaciieaoia iaa/aiiy, i iaa/aiiy ii iaaenieeo
?icoeiieao, i caeiaoooy inaioe a aeioieo i?eaaoieo caeeaaeao ca aenieo
ieaoith. Noniieueiee oa?aeoa? inaioe aecia/a?oueny iaiaoiaeiinoth
aiaeiiaiaeiiai ?iaiy inaioe anueiai ianaeaiiy, a ia ie?aieo eiai a?oi.

Aaaeeeaei aeniiaeii aeineiaeaeaiiy ? oa, ui ooieoeiiioaaiiy
i?eaaoiiai eaiioaeo a aaeoci inaioe iaiaaeo?oueny niaoeeoi/ieie
iniaeeainoyie oei?? aaeoci. Aeiy ?eieiaiai iaoaiicio (eiee iaoith
ainiiaea?thth/eo noa’?eoia ? iaea?aeaiiy aenieeo i?eaooeia) ia
anoaiiaeth? iioeiaeueio ii?o caaeiaieaiiy noniieueii iaiaoiaeii? iio?aae
o eaaeioieiaaieo eaae?ao. I?eaaoiee eaiioae ia caeaoiee aa/eoe i
ae?iooaaoe caaaeaiiy, yei ia niiaiaaeathoue c eiai aieiaiith iaoith —
io?eiaiiyi i?eaooeo. Oaei i?iaeaie, ye caaaeueiee ?iaaiue inaioe
ianaeaiiy, caei?ia’y iaoei?, ioi?iia iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa
aaaaoi iioeo iathoue aaeeea nioeiaeueia, aea ia ?eieiaa cia/aiiy.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeine?aeaeo?oueny i?iaeaia ?eceeo ?iaanoeoe?e
a ina?oo. Aaeeea i??a ?eceeo ?iaanooaaiiy ? aieiaiith i?e/eiith
a?aenooiino? «aaniethoiiai» iaioaaiiy i?eaaoiiai eai?oaeo a noa??
ina?oe. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oeueiai iieiaeaiiy ? na?oiaee aeina?ae.
I?e/iio oeae ?ecee cia/iee i aeey iiaeeaeaeia, yei oi/ooue iiaeeaeoe
nai? ciaiiy, i aeey iiaei?e?ioeia, yei ooieoeiiiothoue a oeie aaeoci i
iaiaaathoueny io?eioaaoe i?eaooee, i aeey ea?iaieeia oi?i, yei
oi/ooue, uia ?o i?aoeiaieee iiaeaeueee ?iaaiue nai?? i?ioanieii?
iiaeaioiaee.

Aaoi? ?aoa?iaaii? ?iaioe aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui iaeaieueo ?eceei-aaiith,
iai?eaaaeeaith i aeey iiaeeaiaea, i aeey i?eaaoiiai naeoi?o ? noa?a
caaaeueiioai?aoe/ii?, ooiaeaiaioaeueii? iiaeaioiaee, yea iaaea?oueny
iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie. Oieueee aea?aeaaa iiaea iinoaaeoe ia ia?oee
ieai caaaeaiiy iiaeaioiaee ?iai/i? neee, a ia io?eiaiiy i?eaooeo, ui
iiaea ni?eyoe caaacia/aiith noniieueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ?iai/ith neeith
aiaeiiaiaeii? yeinoi. I?e/iio ?ieue aea?aeaae ia caiaeeoueny eeoa aei
oiiainoaaiiy inaioe; aiae ia? /aeathoue i?aaiicaoei? aeueoa?iaoeaieo
oi?i iieaoe iaa/aiiy.

E?eoe/iee aiaeic eiie?aoii? i?aeoeee ainiiaea?thaaiiy aeicaieea
c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui iiyaa iiaeo aeaea?ae aeioiaeo
i?aoeiaieea, yeee aeei?enoiao?oueny ia aiaeoai?aiiy aeanii? ?iai/i?
neee, naiae/eoue i?i caoaeaiiy oiaa?iiai oa?aeoa?o aiaeoai?aiiy ?iai/i?
neee. Aea ia aeaiiio aoaii iiaa iaea oieueee i?i caoaeaiiy, oiio ui
iniiaiei aeaea?aeii inioaaiiy iaeiaiiai i?aoeiaieea oa eiai nii’?
caeeoa?oueny ca?iaioia ieaoa.

Inaioa aenooia? aieiaiei caniaii oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo ?iai/i? neee. A
naith /a?ao ?icaeoie ?iai/i? neee coiiaeth? i iiyao iiaeo aeiia aei
nenoaie iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee, nenoaie inaioe.
C?inoaiiy ?iei ethaenueeiai oaeoi?o a ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo nee
ciiith? ?ieue inaioe oa ?? no?oeoo?o. A no/anieo oiiaao inaioa
?icoii?oueny ia ye eiioeaaee i?iaeoeo iaeiiai c aoaiia aeeooy
ethaeeie, a ye iinoieiee i?ioean. Iaa/aiiy ii/eia?oueny c ia?iaeaeaiiy
ethaeeie oa i?iaeiaaeo?oueny i?ioyaii anueiai aeeooy. Caeiaoooy
eaaeioieaoei? aiaeaoaa?oueny ia a ei?ioeiio aiae?iceo aeeooy ethaeeie, a

noa? iaiaoiaeiith oiiaith eiai aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe.

A aeena?oaoeieiie ?iaioi aeiaaaeaii, ui ?icoe?aiiy noa?e aieeao inaioe
ia’?eoeaii aaaea aei ?icoe?aiiy ia?aaei iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia.
O?aaeeoeieii iaa/aeueii caeeaaee aeiiiaiththoueny eo?naie
i?ioanieii? iiaeaioiaee i ia?aiiaeaioiaee, i?aaiiciaaieie aaeeeeie
ei?ii?aoeiyie, oeieaie aiciano, yei iathoue i?aai iaaeaaaoe aeui a/aii
nooiaii. Aaaaoi/enaeueiinoue eaiaeia, ca yeeie caeienith?oueny
i?ioanieiee ?icaeoie oa iiaeaioiaea i?aoeiaieeia onio ?iaiia ?
iniiaith aeeoa?aioeiaoei? iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai, caaacia/o? iiaeeeainoue
?o aeai?o ia eiieo?aioiie iniiai, iaee?aua a?aooaaiiy ?iciiiaiioieo
iio?aa ae?iaieoeoaa. Oaea i?aeoeea aeicaiey? /ioei ci?i?iooaaoe
i?ia?aie caiaeii c iinoaaeaieie eaae?iaeie i ae?iaie/eie caaaeaiiyie,
iinaaeiaeie iniaeeainoyie oa ?iaiai iiaeaioiaee eiaeiiai neooa/a.

Aeey Oe?a?ie aeooaeueiith caeeoa?oueny i?iaeaia caa?aaeaiiy oa
ciioeiaiiy eeth/iai? ?iei aea?aeaaieo caeeaaeia inaioe ii i?ii?eoaoieo
iai?yiao aeiiiii/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie. Iiyaa iiaeo ?iciiiaiioieo
noa’?eoia iaaeaiiy inaioiio iineoa a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo
aiaeiinei iiaeiia ni?eyoe aio/einoi nenoaie iiaeaioiaee eaae?ia,
eieaiaeaoei? iiiiiiei? aea?aeaae a ina?oi?e aeiyeueiinoi. I?e oeueiio
iaiaoiaeii a?aoiaoaaoe, aaeaiooaaoe aeinaiae aaaaoueio e?a?i a
caaacia/aiii ?icieo ciioaieo oi?i iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i?
neee.

Aaaeeeaith caeeoa?oueny ooieoeiy aea?aeaae o ae?ioaiii aaaaoueio
niaoeeoi/ieo i?iaeai, cie?aia, ia?aiiaeaioiaea aac?iaioieo,
i?ioi?i?ioaoeieia ?iaioa oiui. Aea iaeaieueo aeiaaeueiith ooieoei?th
aea?aeaae iiaeiia aooe ?ic?iaea caaaeueii? eiioeaioei? ?icaeoeo nenoaie
inaioe, yea aeeth/aea a no?aoaai/io iaoo oei?? aaeoci, eiie?aoii iai?yie
?? ?aaeicaoei?, ni?eyea eii?aeeiaoei? oa aca?iiaei? anio ?iaiia oa
noa? inaioe. O?yae iiaeiai ia i?inoi aecia/aoe oeiei, i?ii?eoaoe,
oeyoe ?o aeinyaiaiiy, a ni?eyoe iioaa?aoei? onio aeaeia inaioe —
niiaeii? oa oeieueii?, oi?iaeueii? oa iaoi?iaeueii? — a ?aeeiee
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean. Oaei no?aoaai/ii onoaiiaee, iiaoaeiaaii ia
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oeiiiinoyo i i?ii?eoaoao, noaiooue aeienieie
iai?yiaie ?icaeoeo nenoaie iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaieo eaae?ia eeoa
i?e oiiai noaaieueii?, aeaaaeaii? aea?aeaaii? iieioeee oa aiaeiiaiaeii?
oiiainiai? iiaeo?eiee.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? «Iniiai? iai?yiee aaeineiiaeaiiy
nenoaie i?aeaioiaee eaae?o?eiaaii? ?iai/i? neee» ? i?aaeiaoii
aeineiaeaeaiiy ? iniiaii iai?yiee nenoaie iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaieo
eaae?ia a Oe?a?ii.

Aio/eciyia nenoaia inaioe ia?aaeeaa? oyaeeee i aieiniee i?ioean
?ai?aaiicaoei?. C iaeiiai aieo, ca inoaiii ?iee c’yaeeany oe?iea
ia?aaea aeueoa?iaoeaieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia ?iciiai ?iaiy:
eo?nia, eieaaeaeia, iinoeoooia. Aea?aeaaio eioeaicith io?eiaee aieueoa
125 aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia, caniiaaieo ia iaaea?aeaaieo oi?iao
aeaniinoi. C iioiai aieo, niinoa?iaa?oueny oaiaeaioeiy nei?i/aiiy
/enaeueiinoi o/iia oa nooaeaioia. Aeeiaiiea eieueeinoi o/iia oa
nooaeaioia aaaaea?oueny aaaeeeaei iieacieeii noaio nenoaie inaioe a
noniieuenoai. A ?icaeiaieo e?a?iao c?inoaiiy eiioeiaaioo o/iia ia

anio ?iaiyo inaioe — iinoieia oaiaeaioeiy.

A Oe?a?ii, ia aeeaey/enue ia caieueoaiiy eieueeinoi iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeia a 90-oi ?iee, caa?iaa?oueny iaaaoeaia oaiaeaioeiy. Ca 10
?ieia c 1986 ii 1996 ?ie eieueeinoue o/iia, ui iaa/athoueny a
iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao 1-2 ?iaiia ae?aaeeoaoei?, ciaioeeany caaaeii ia
23,6%. C?inoaiiy ae eieueeinoi nooaeaioia a iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao 3-4
?iaiia ae?aaeeoaoei? neeaei eeoa 8,2% ca aeanyoue ?ieia.

A ?iaio? aeoeaioo?oueny, ui c?inoaiiy e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a nenoaie
ina?oe iiaeiii noi?iaiaeaeoaaoeny i?aeaeuaiiyi yeino? i?aeaioiaee
oao?aoe?a.

Ia?niaeoeaiith oaiaeaioei?th a oeueiio iai?yi? ? oi?ioaaiiy eiieo?aioei?
iiae iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie. ?icaeiaia iio?ano?oeoo?a,
aaaaoi/enaeueiinoue caeeaae?a inaioe aoaea ni?eyoe eiieo?aioiei
aiaeiineiai iiae ieie, iiaeaeuaiith aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoi iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeia ca aeione eiieo?aioini?iiiaeieo niaoeiaeinoia, ?o
i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy, a oeieiio c?inoaiith ?o caoeieaaeaiinoi o
caaacia/aiii aeniei? yeinoi i?ioanieiiai iaa/aiiy. ?aeoeia
eiieo?oth/eo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia caeaaeaoue aiae oiai, ianeieueee
oniioii ciaoiaeyoue ?iaioo ?o aeioneieee.

Ca aaaaoi ?ieia a Oe?a?ii iaa?iiaaeaeaii aaaaoee aeinaiae
i?aaiicaoei? i?ioeano iiaeaioiaee, ia?aiiaeaioiaee oa iiaeaeuaiiy
eaaeioieaoei? eaae?ia, noi?iiaaii iaaeaaiai/ii eieaeoeae, iayaia
iiooaeia iaoa?iaeueii-oaoii/ia aaca iaoeo o?aaeeoeieieo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeia. Oiio i?ii?eoaoiei iai?yiii aea?aeaaii? iieioeee a aaeoci
inaioe iiaeiia noaoe iiaeo?eiea aeith/eo aea?aeaaieo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeia ?icieo ?iaiia. Aea iiaeo?eiea aea?aeaae iiaeiia
caeienithaaoeny i?e oiiai aioiaiinoi iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia aei ciii.
Aieueo eiie?aoii oey i?iaeaia ?icaeyaea?oueny ia i?eeeaaei
Ee?anueeiai i?iieneiai-

aeiiiii/iiai eieaaeaeo.

Aaaeeeaith eaieith a nenoaii aeui? inaioe ii iiaeaioiaoei
eaaeioieiaaieo eaae?ia aeey ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa aenooiathoue
oaoiieoie, o/eeeua, eieaaeaei. Iiaeaioiaea iieiaeoiai niaoeiaeinoa
aeey ae?iaieoeoaa aoea, ? i aoaea aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi oaoiieoiia i
eieaaeaeia. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, oi?iothoueny iaa/aeueii ieaie,
neeaaeathoueny i?ia?aie, aecia/a?oueny iai?yiie iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano.
A?aoiaoth/e nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ii iniaeeainoi ieiioiueiai ia?iiaeo,
aeioneiee iiaeiai aooe i ea?iaieeii na?aaeiuei? eaiee, i
aenieieaaeioieiaaiei ?iaioieeii, caeaoiei ia i?inoi i?aoethaaoe, a
oai?/i

aoaeoaaoe naith ?iaioo, aeoiaey/e c oaoiieiai/ieo aeiia. A?aoiaoth/e
oea, iaa/aeueii caeeaaee I — II ?iaiia ae?aaeeoaoei? ia?aaoaeiaothoue
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean o iai?yieo noai?aiiy iaiaoiaeieo oiia iaaoooy
iaeaooiii niaoeiaeinoii i?aeoe/ieo iaae/ie oa oiiiue. Aeey oeueiai a
iaa/aeueiee ieai aaiaeyoueny aei 2-o ?iaioie/eo i?ioanie, yei
?icoe?ththoue iiaeeeainoi aeioneieea a i?ioeani i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy. A
oaoiieoiao ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny 2-nooiaiaaa iaa/aiiy: ?iaioie/a i?ioaniy —
iieiaeoee niaoeiaeino. Eieaaeaeai iaaeaia iiaeeeainoue aanoe
iiaeaioiaeo ii 3-o nooiaiyo: ?iaioie/a i?ioaniy — iieiaeoee niaoeiaeino
— aaea-

eaa?.

A Ee?anueeiio i?iieneiai-aeiiiii/iiio eieaaeaei ? aeaa iai?yie
iaa/aeueii? aeiyeueiinoi: iiaeaioiaea iieiaeoeo niaoeiaeinoia i
iiaeaioiaea aaeaeaa?ia. Aaeaeaa?ao — oea noaiaea?o yeinoi aaciai?
aeui? inaioe, oea aea?aeaaia ii?ia, i aii iiaeiai aooe ?aeeiei aeey
anio aocia iaaiiai iai?yieo iiaeaioiaee niaoeiaeinoia. Aeey aeeiiaiiy
ia aiaeiiaiaeiiio ?iaii caaaeaiiy iiaeaioiaee niaoeiaeinoia aeuiai
nooiaiy iio?iaiee iaoeiaee iioaioeiae aeuiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo
3-4 ?iaiia. Ae?ioaiiy oei?? i?iaeaie — o noai?aiii
iaa/aeueii-iaoeiai-ae?iaie/eo eiiieaenia, yei iiaeiii caaacia/oaaoe
eii?aeeiaoeith niieueii? aeiyeueiinoi iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia oa
iiaei?e?inoa, ai?iaaae-

aeoaaoe nenoaio nooiaiaai? iiaeaioiaee oaoiaoeia ca iane?icieie
iaa/aeueieie ieaiaie oa i?ia?aiaie. Ee?anueeee i?iieneiai-aeiiiii/iee
eieaaeae aoiaeeoue aei oaeiai iaa/aeueii-iaoeiaiai eiiieaeo i?e
Iaoeiiiaeueiiio oaoii/iiio oiiaa?neoaoi «Ee?anueeee iieioaoii/iee
iinoeooo». Noai?aiiy oaeiai eiiieaeno aeicaiey? caeo/aoe aei
iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano i?iaiaeieo aeeeaaea/ia iioeo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeia /a?ac oiei? eaoaae?, noi?iiaaieo i?e eieaaeaei.

I?e eieaaeaei noai?aia niaoeiaeueia aiaeaeieaiiy aeey inia, yei
iathoue na?aaeith niaoeiaeueio inaioo aai eaaeioieaoeith
iieiaeoiai niaoeiaeinoa c iaoith ?o ia?aiiaeaioiaee oa io?eiaiiy
iiai? niaoeiaeueiinoi. Ia?aiiaeaioiaea iacaeiyoiai ianaeaiiy
oa i?aoeiaieeia, ui aeaieueiythoueny, ni?yiiaaia ia caaacia/aiiy
aoaeoeaii? caeiyoinoi oa nioeiaeueiiai caoenoo a?iiaaeyi, a oaeiae
iiaeaeuaiiy ?o eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiinoi ia ?eieo i?aoei. Iaa/aiiy
i?iaiaeeoueny ca iai?aaeaiiyi aea?aeaaii? neoaeae caeiyoinoi ca
i?ioaniyie i niaoeiaeueiinoyie, yei ei?enoothoueny iiaeaeuaiei iiieoii.

A no/anieo oiiaao aeiyeueiinoue Ee?anueeiai i?iieneiai-aeiiiii/iiai
eieaaeaeo iaaoaa? ana aieueo aaaaoii?ioieueiiai oa?aeoa?o:
?icoe?th?oueny eiei niaoeiaeueiinoae, o?iciiiaiioiththoueny oi?ie oa
?iaii iiaeaioiaee oaoiaoeia. ea?iaieoeoai eieaaeaeo iinoieii i?aoeth?
iaae oei, uia, c iaeiiai aieo, iaaeeceoe iaa/aeueiee i?ioean aei
?aaeueii? i?aeoeee, aei iio?aa no/anii? i?iieneiainoi. A c iioiai,-
aeei?enoaoe aeinaiae i?iaiaeieo aeeeaaea/ia (eaiaeeaeaoia i aeieoi?ia
iaoe) aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia a i?ioeani iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaieo
eaae?ia.

AENIIAEE

Ii-ia?oa — eaaeioieiaaia ?iai/a neea — oea aeiiii?/ia eaoaai??y, yea
iinoieii ?icaeaa?oueny i iaiiaith?oueny iiaei ciinoii. Ia no/aniiio
aoaii ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo nee iiiyooy eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee
aeeth/a? a naaa ia oieueee o?aaeeoeieii oa?aeoa?enoeee, aea e oae? ye
ae?iaie/ee aeinaiae, ?iaaiue i?ioanieii? iiaeaioiaee, aiiiiy
aeei?enoiaoaaoe nai? ciaiiy oa aoaeoeaii aeiyoe a iaia?aaeaa/aiie
neooaoei?, i?aoethaaoe a eieaeoeai, aooe /eaiii aoaeoeaii? eiiaiaee.
Oneeaaeiaiiy eaoaai?i? «eaaeioieiaaia ?iai/a neea» ciaoiaeeoue naie
i?iya a oiio, ui aiaeaoaathoueny c?ooaiiy a nenoaii ae?iaie/eo
aiaeiinei. Noaiiaeua naiiai i?aoeiaieea ciiith?oueny a nenoaii
noniieueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ?icaeoie aiaeiinei aeaniinoi ?iaeoue
no/aniiai i?aoeiaieea ia eeoa noa’?eoii ii i?iaeaaeo aeanii? ?iai/i?
neee, a e niiaaeanieeii caniaia ae?iaieoeoaa oa iioiai iaeia,
o/anieeii i?ioeano oi?aaeiiiy ae?iaieoeoaii.

Ii-ae?oaa — c?inoaiiy oa oneeaaeiaiiy aeiia, ui aenoaa? no/ania
ae?iaieoeoai aei eaaeioieiaaiiai i?aoeiaieea, eiai/ii ciiith? cia/aiiy,
no?oeoo?o oa oi?ie iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee. Ii?yae ic
cia/iei caieueoaiiyi no?ieo iaa/aiiy inaioa ia?aoai?th?oueny a
aacia?a?aiee i?ioean. Ana aieueoa noe?athoueny /ioei ?iciaaeoaaiiy iiae
?icieie aeaeaie inaioe, inioth/ee ?aiioa iiaeie ia ii/aoeiao,
na?aaeith, na?aaeith niaoeiaeueio, aeuo a no/anieo oiiaao ia? aaaaoi
ia?aoiaeieo, ciioaieo oi?i. Aieueo ?iciiiaiioieie noathoue i caeeaaee,
ui caaacia/othoue i?ioanieio iiaeaioiaeo, i oi?ie iaa/aiiy.

Ii-o?ao? — ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie inaioe caaino?th? i?iaeaio
oiiainoaaiiy i?ioeano iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee. C
iaeiiai aieo, cao?aoe ia inaioo — oea aeiaaino?ieiai iiaanoeoei?, yei
iiaeooue i?eiineoe cia/iee aoaeo eeoa a iaeaooiueiio. C iioiai
aeo?aoe ia inaioo iinoieii c?inoathoue i, ye i?aaeei, ia?aaeuothoue
ieaoini?iiiaeiinoue aieueoinoi ianaeaiiy. A ineieueee aenieee ?iaaiue
ina?oe ianaeaiiy noa? caaaeueiith oiiaith aoaeoeaiiai ooieoeiiioaaiiy
no/aniiai ae?iaieoeoaa, oiio aea?aeaaa iiaeiia oi?aaeyoe i?ioeanii
oiiaiiaiai caaacia/aiiy iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaieo eaae?ia.

Ii-/aoaa?oa — ia iniiai i?iaaaeaiiai aiaeico iniaeeainoae
oiiainoaaiiy nenoaie inaioe a ?icieo e?a?iao aecia/aii iniiaii
iai?yie aeiyeueiinoi aea?aeaae. Ii-ia?oa, caaaeueia ea?iaieoeoai, ui
aeeth/a? ?ic?iaeo no?aoaai? ?icaeoeo oei?? aaeoci, i?iaiicoaaiiy
ia?niaeoeaieo c?ooaiue caeiyoinoi ianaeaiiy, ae?ioaiiy aocueeeo
iinoeue, caoiaee ii caaaeueiiio ?icaeoeo oa eii?aeeiaoei? anio noa? oa
?iaiia inaioe. Ii-ae?oaa, aaciina?aaei? oiiainoaaiiy iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeia, ?ieue yeiai aiae?iciy?oueny a e?a?iao naioo caeaaeii aiae
inoi?e/ieo oa iaoeiiiaeueieo iniaeeainoae. Ii-o?ao?, oea i?-

aaiicaoeieia aeiiiiiaa a i?iaaaeaiii ?icieo ciioaieo oi?i iieaoe
iaa/aiiy, oeieueiaeo i?ia?ai, iiaeo?eioei iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia
aea?aeaaii? oa iioeo oi?i aeaniinoi.

Ii-i’yoa — c?inoaiiy eieueeino? iaaea?aeaaieo inaioiio caeeaaeia i
/enaeueiino? nooaeaioia, yei iaa/athoueny a ieo ia ieaoiie iniiai
ia’?eoeaii aaaea aei iinooiiai? ao?aoe aea?aeaaith iiiiiiei? ia
oiiainoaaiiy iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia. A oie aea /an nei?i/aiiy
aaciina?aaeiueiai oiiainoaaiiy ia icia/a? ciaioaiiy ?iei aea?aeaae o
caaacia/aiii noniieuenoaa eaaeioieiaaiith ?iai/ith neeith.

Ii-oinoa — aea?aeaaia iieioeea iiaeiia aooe ni?yiiaaiaia ia
oi?ioaaiiy eiieo?aioieo aiaeiinei iiae inaioiiie caeeaaeaie,
iiaeaeuaiiy ?o aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoi ca yeinoue i?ioanieii? iiaeaioiaee,
aioiaiinoi ?o aei ciii, iiooeo iiaeo oi?i ?iaioe.

Nienie iioaeieiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoei?:

1. Oauaiei ?.A. Ia?niaeoeae iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaieo eaae?ia ia aaci
iaa/aeueii-iaoeiai-ae?iaie/eo eiiieaenia. I?iaeaie inaioe: Iaoe.-iaoiae.
ca.- Aei.7 -E.: ICII, 1997. N.259-269 (0,8 ae.a.)

2. Oauaiei ?.A. ?icaeoie nenoaie inaioe ye iniiae oi?ioaaiiy
no/anii? eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee. I?iaeaie inaioe:
Iaoe.-iaoiae. ca.- Aei.19. -E.: ICII, 1997. C.282-288 (0,5 ae.a.)

3. Oauaiei ?.A. Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe ?iaanooaaiiy ina?oyinueei?
ae?yeueiino? a i?ioean? a?aeoai?aiiy eaae?o?eiaaii? ?iai/i? neee. Iia?
oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy: Iaoeiai – iaoiaee/iee ca??iee. Aei. 24.-E.: ?CII,
1998.N.171-178 (0,6 ae.a.)

4. Oauaiei ?.A. Ia?niaeoeae iiaeaioiaee eaaeioieiaaieo
eaae?ia. Oace iaoeiai? eiioa?aioei? «No/anii ineoieiai-iaaeaaiai/ii
i?iaeaie iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy o aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao I-II
?iaiia ae?aaeeoaoei?» (20-21 /a?aiy 1996 ?.).-E.: 1996. C.120-124 (0,2
ae.a.)

5. Oauaiei ?.A. Iaoeeiiaeueiay aeiiiieea. Aini?iecaiaenoai ia
iae?iaeiiiie/aneii o?iaia. A na.»Iniiau aeiiiie/aneeo oai?ee».
(O/aaii — iaoiaee/aneia iiniaea). Eeaaneee iaaeaeoia?iaeiee oieaa?neoao
a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee.-E.:1996.Aao.iaoa??ae C.222-239 (1 ae.a.)

6. Oauaiei ?.A., Oaaaea A.A. ?iaanoeoe?? a ina?oo-iniiaa
a?aeoai?aiiy eaae?o?eiaaii? ?iai/i? neee.//Oai??? i?e?i-iae?iaeiiii?ee.
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ?
ani??aio?a. Aeione 1. Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea.Ee?a 1998?., n.10-16.Aaoi?.iaoa??ae (0,3 ae.a.)

AIIOAOeIss

Oauaiei ?aaaiiy A?eaaei?aia. Aiaeoai?aiiy eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee a
oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiiiiee. Aeena?oaoeiy ? ?oeiienii.
Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiiii/ieo
iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 08.01.01. — aeiiiii/ia oai?iy — Ee?anueeee
oiiaa?neoao iiaii Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Ee?a,1998.

A aeena?oaoei? aeineiaeaeothoueny oai?aoe/ii oa i?aeoe/ii i?iaeaie
aiaeoai?aiiy eaaeioieiaaii? ?iai/i? neee a oiiaao ciioaii? aeiiiiiee.
Ia iniiai aiaeico iniiaieo oaiaeaioeie ?icaeoeo nenoaie iiaeaioiaee
eaae?ia ?icaeyaeathoueny aeiiiii/ii ooieoei? aea?aeaae ii caaacia/aiith
iiaeaioiaee oaoiaoeia o aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c aeiiaaie no/aniiai
ae?iaieoeoaa oa c a?aooaaiiyi ia?niaeoeaieo c?ooaiue a aeiiiiioei. Ia
iniiai eiie?aoieo aeaieo aeineiaeaeothoueny i?iaeaie ?ai?aaiicaoei?
oa aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie inaioe Oe?a?ie.

Eeth/iai neiaa: aiaeoai?aiiy, eaaeioieiaaia ?iai/a neea,
aeaniinoue, nenoaia iiaeaioiaee oaoiaoeia, nenoaia inaioe, inaioa,
aacia?a?aia inaioa, aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy, ?aoi?ioaaiiy, ?eieiaa
aeiiiiiea, ae?iaieoeoai, ?eiie.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oauaiei Aaaaiey A?eaaeueaaia. Aini?iecaiaenoai eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiie
?iai/ae neeu a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea. Aeenna?oaoeey
yaeyaony ?oeiienueth. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie
eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.01.01 —
yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey. Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. Eeaa —
1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeothony oai?aoe/aneea e i?aeoe/aneea i?iaeaiu
aini?iecaiaenoaa eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiie ?iai/ae neeu a oneiaeyo
niaoaiiie yeiiiieee. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca iniiaiuo oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey
nenoaiu iiaeaioiaee eaae?ia ?anniao?eaathony yeiiiie/aneea ooieoeee
ainoaea?noaa ii iaania/aieth iiaeaioiaee niaoeeaeenoia a niioaaonoaee n
o?aaiaaieyie nia?aiaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa e n o/aoii ia?niaeoeaiuo
naeaeaia a yeiiiieea. Ia iniiaa eiie?aoiuo aeaiiuo enneaaeothony
i?iaeaiu ?ai?aaiecaoeee e niaa?oainoaiaaiey nenoaiu ia?aciaaiey
Oe?aeiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aini?ecaiaenoai, eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiay ?aai/ay neea,
nianoaaiiinoue, nenoaia iiaeaioiaee niaoeeaeenoia, nenoaia ia?aciaaiey,
ia?aciaaiea, aaci?a?uaiia ia?aciaaiea, ainoaea?noaaiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea,
?aoi?ie?iaaiea, ?uii/iay aeiiiieea, i?iecaiaenoai, ?uiie.

Annotation

Feschenko Ue.A. Reproduction of skilled labour under the conditions of
transition to the market economy. The thesis is a manuscript. The
given thesis stands for the degree of the candidate of economic
sciences on speciality 0.8.01.01. Taras Shevchenko economical theory
Kyiv University. Kyiv – 1997.Theoretical and practical problems of
reproduction of skilled labour under the conditions of mixed
economy are investigated. On the basis of analysis of the main
tendencies in the development of the system of the personnel
training, state economic functions of the stute providing the
personnel training in accordance with the needs of modern production
and in accordance with perspective of improvement, in the economy are
considered. On the foundation of concrete data the problems of
reorganisation and improvement of education in Ukraine are
investigated.                                        

Key words: reproduction, skilled labour, property, system of training
specialists, system of education, education, continuing education state
regulation, reforming, market economy production, market.

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