E??IAIA?AAeNUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Aa?oia A??oa

OAeE -621.793.8

A?AeIIAEAIIss OA CI?OeIAIIss AeAOAEAE
N?EUeNUeEIAINIIAeA?NUeEEO IAOEI AACIII?IOEIAEI

IAIEAAEAIIssI EA?AI?EI-IAOAEAAEO IIE?EOUe

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.05.11 — N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iaoeie

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

E??iaia?aae — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? “Aenieoaoaoe?y oa ?aiiio iaoei”
E??iaia?aaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? *a?iiaie Ieoaeei
?aaiiae/, E??iaia?aaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, ?aeoi?,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e “Aenieoaoaoe?y oa ?aiiio iaoei.”

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Nieiaeo ?aaai
Einoyioeiiae/, E??iaia?aaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e “Aenieoaoaoe?y oa ?aiiio iaoei”.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee Iieiaeee Ieeiea Aieiaeeie?iae/, ?inoeooo iaoai?caoe?? oa
aeaeo?eo?eaoe?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai??
aa?a?ieo iaoe, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai? ?iaioe;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Iaaeyiee A?eoi?
A?eai?iae/, ia/aeueiee a?aeae?eo aei?iaoaaiue iaoa??ae?a AAO
“A?ae?ineea”, i. E??iaia?aae.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao n?euenueeiai

ainiiaea?noaa I?iAIE Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a “?aiiio iaoei”.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 9 aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 23.073.01 a E??iaia?aaenueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 316050, i.
E??iaia?aae, i?. I?aaaee, 70-A.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? E??iaia?aaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 316050, i.
E??iaia?aae, i?. I?aaaee, 70-A.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “5” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii?

?aaee eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
Eae?/ A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aieiaiith i?e/eiith ao?aoe i?aoeacaeaoiino?
aeaoaeae n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei ? ciiooaaiiy. A?aeiiae
aiane?aeie ciioaiiy a no/anieo oiiaao neeaaeathoue 80…90 % a?ae
caaaeueii? e?eueeino? a?aeiia. Iniaeeai aaeeea /anoea a oeeo a?aeiiaao
?iai/eo i?aai?a, ciioaiiy yeeo i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy a?iaeaeiino?
aiane?aeie ii?ooaiiy aa?ioaoi?/ieo aeiia.

Iaeiei c aieiaieo iai?yi?a i?aeaeuaiiy aeiaaia?/iino? ?iai/eo i?aai?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei ? iaianaiiy ci?oeithth/eo iie?eoue ia ?o
iiaa?oi? a i?ioean? aeaioiaeaiiy aai a?aeiiaeaiiy. A oeueiio ieai?
iniaeeaee ?ioa?an aeeeeeathoue eiiiiceoe?ei? iie?eooy, cie?aia
ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaa?, ye? neeaaeathoueny c iaoaeaai? iao?eoe? oa
ea?ai?/iiai iaiiaithaa/a. Iie?eooy oaei? aaoa?iaaiii? no?oeoo?e,
aeoiaey/e c no/anieo oyaeaiue i?i o?eaioaoi?/i? iaoa??aee, ? iaea?eueo
aeineiiaeeie aeey ?iaioe a oiiaao aa?aceaiiai ciiooaaiiy. Aeina?ae
aeei?enoaiiy oaeeo iie?eoue aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy aeaoaeae iaoei iieacaa
cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy ?o ciinino?eeino?.

Iaeiae, oe?iea ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a?aeiiaeaiiy
aeaoaeae iaoei eiiiiceoe?eieie iie?eooyie no?eio?oueny a?aenooi?noth
aeine?aeaeaiue c ?ic?iaee iiaeo niinia?a io?eiaiiy ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeo
iie?eoue aeey oiia ?aiiioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Iaeiei c iaea?eueo i?inoeo
oa aoaeoeaieo niinia?a iaianaiiy a?aeiiaethaaeueieo oa ci?oeithth/eo
iie?eoue ? aaciii?ioeiaa iaieaaeaiiy (AII), yea a?ae??ciy?oueny
iecueeith aia?ai?ii?noth, aeinoaoiuei aenieith i?iaeoeoeai?noth oa
aeineoue oe?ieith ?iciianthaeaeai?noth ia ?aiiioieo i?aei?e?inoaao
??ciiai ??aiy.

Iniiaieie iaoa??aeaie aeey AII ? naiioethnoth/? ii?ioee ia iniia?
i?eaeth oa eiaaeueoo, ye? aeicaieythoue io?eioaaoe aenieiye?ni?
iie?eooy, ye ia noaeaaeo, oae ? ia /aaoiieo aeaoaeyo. Aea cacia/ai?
ii?ioeia? iaoa??aee iathoue nooo?aee iaaeie?e – aeniea aa?o?noue, ui
?iaeoue ?o canoinoaaiiy o ?aiiioiiio ae?iaieoeoa? aaeueie
i?iaeaiaoe/iei.

Ca inoaii?e /an noai?aii oe?eee ?yae a?aeiinii iaaei?iaeo ii?ioeiaeo
iaoa??ae?a ia iniia? cae?ca, a oiio /ene? naiioethnoth/eo. Aea
aeine?aeaeaiiy c AII iie?eoue, io?eiaieo c oaeeo ii?ioe?a, i?aeoe/ii
a?aenooi?. Noai?aiiy naiioethnoth/eo ii?ioe?a ia iniia? cae?ca
a?aee?eaa? oaeiae oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? aeey oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiceoe?eieo
ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue AII c iaoai?/ieo noi?oae oaeeo ii?ioe?a oa
/anoie ea?ai?ee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeanue o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei Aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
i?ia?aie I?i?noa?noaa Oe?a?ie o ni?aaao iaoee ? oaoiieia?e 4.3.
“I?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? oa aeiaaia?/iino? iaoei ? eiino?oeoe?e”;
Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo eiiieaen?a iaoei ?
iaeaaeiaiiy aeey aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno ia 1998-2005 ??. (I.
3.11.12) caoaa?aeaeaii? can?aeaiiyi Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie (i?ioieie
?5 a?ae 09.02.1998 ?.); Oaiaoeee i?aeaoc?anueeeo iaoeiaeo oa
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?ia?ai (iaeac I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie ? 37 a?ae
13.02.1996 ?. I.1) c i??i?eoaoiiai iai?yieo ?icaeoeo iaoee ? oaoi?ee
“Aeieia?/ii /enoa aia?aaoeea oa ?ano?nicaa??aath/? oaoiieia??” ?
oaiaoe/iei ieaiii IAeAeE? E??iaia?aaenueeiai ?inoeoooo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ia 1995-1997 ??. (I. 04.01)
“?ic?iaea ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e a?aeiiaeaiiy ? ci?oeiaiiy
aeaoaeae n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? oaoi?ee eiiiiceoe?eieie
ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeie iaoa??aeaie”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue aoei i?aeaeuaiiy
aeiaaia?/iino? a?aeiiaeaieo aeaoaeae iaoei aaciii?ioeiaei iaieaaeaiiyi
eiiiiceoe?eieo ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue (EII) ia iniia? cae?ca.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Iaa?oiooaaoe aea?? ii?ioeiiiae?aieo iaoa??ae?a ia iniia? cae?ca aeey
noai?aiiy eiiiiceoe?eieo EII, ui i?aoeththoue a oiiaao aa?aceaiiai
ciiooaaiiy.

2. Aeine?aeeoe i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy iie?eoo?a nenoaie iaoae-ea?ai?ea c
aaciii?ioeiaiai no?oiaiy i?e aaciii?ioeiaiio iaieaaeaii?.

3. Aeine?aeeoe no?oeoo?o oa iniiai? o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino?
ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue, io?eiaieo aaciii?ioeiaei iaieaaeaiiyi.

4. I?iaanoe aenieoaoaoe?ei? aei?iaoaaiiy a?aeiiaeaieo aeaoaeae c iaoith
ioe?iee ?oiuei? i?aoeacaeaoiino?.

5. ?ic?iaeoe oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean a?aeiiaeaiiy ? ci?oeiaiiy aeaoaeae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? oaoi?ee aaciii?ioeiaei iaieaaeaiiyi
ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue, aeaoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
ai?iaaaeaeaiith ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia?? o ae?iaieoeoai, i?iaanoe ??
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaia oai?aoe/ia iiaeaeue i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
eiiiice-oe?eiiai ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaiai iie?eooy c o?ueiooaciiai
aaciii?ioeiaiai no?oiaiy aeey oiia aaciii?ioeiaiai iaieaaeaiiy.

2. Aea/ai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao aeaeo oa e?eueeino? ea?ai?/iiai
iaiiaithaa/a ia no?oeoo?o oa aeanoeaino? ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue.

3. Oaeineiiaeaii niin?a a?aeiiaeaiiy oa ci?oeiaiiy aeaoaeae iaoei
aaciii?ioeiaei iaieaaeaiiyi oeyoii canoinoaaiiy iiaeo iaoa??ae?a c
iaoai?/ieo noi?oae naiioethnoth/eo ii?ioe?a ia iniia? cae?ca ?
ea?ai?/ieo /anoeiie ( ye? ieaeiaai? iaoaeii aai iaieaeiaai?).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean aaciii?ioeiaiai iaieaaeaiiy
ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue ia aeaoae? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei,
ye? i?aoeththoue a oiiaao aa?aceaiiai ciiooaaiiy.

2. Aeiaaaeaia aeniea aa?aceaia ciinino?ee?noue aeaoaeae, ye? ci?oeiai?
aaciii?ioeiei iaieaaeaiiyi ea?aieei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue.

3. Oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean a?aeiiaeaiiy no??e/anoeo eai eoeueoeaaoi??a
aaciii?ioeiaei iaieaaeaiiyi ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue i?eeiyoi aei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia Oeueyi?anueeiio ?OI E??iaia?aaenueei? iaeano?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. ?iaioe ii oai?aoe/iiio aiae?co i?ioeano
aaciii?ioeiaiai iaieaaeaiiy ea?aieei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue oa
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii iaianaiith iie?eoue, aea/aiith ?o
no?oeoo?e oa aeanoeainoae aeeiiai? iniaenoi caeiaoaa/ai i?ae iaoeiaei
ea??aieoeoaii aeieo. oaoi. iaoe *a?iiaiea I.?. oa iaoeiaeo
eiinoeueoaoe?yo eaiae. oaoi. iaoe Nieiaeo ?.E. Eiie?aoia /anoea aaoi?a a
ni?eueieo ioae?eaoe?yo neeaaea? 1,32 ae. a (63,3 %).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeeeaaeai?:

— ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a, ani??aio?a oa
ni?a?ia?oiee?a E??iaia?aaenueeiai ?inoeoooo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy (i. E??iai-a?aae, 1995-1998 ??.), E??iaia?aaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (i. E??iaia?aae, 1999 ?.);

— ia ?aa?iiaeuei?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie ae?iaieoeoaa, aenieoaoaoe?? oa
?aiiioo i?aeeiiii-o?ainii?oieo, aoae?aaeueieo oa oeyoiaeo iaoei” (i.
E??iaia?aae, 1996 ?.);

— ia i?aeia?iaeiiio iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio neiiic?oi?, i?enay/aiiio
75-??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy aeaaeai?ea TH.I.Iao?iaa (i. Eeoei?a, 1996
?.);

— ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
eiino?othaaiiy, ae?iaieoeoaa oa aenieoaoaoe?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
oaoi?ee”, i?enay/ai?e 100-??//th c aeiy canioaaiiy eaoaae?e
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy (i. E??iaia?aae, 1997 ?.);

— ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoaiaoeea a ?iaeono???” (i. Oaaai?ia,
1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 noaoae ?c caaaeueiei
ianyaii 2,09 ae. a.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
i’yoe aeaa, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee
ia?aoiao? 101 iaeiaioaaiiy ? aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe??
neeaaea? 137 noi??iie, 18 oaaeeoeue, 39 ?enoie?a, oiui.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Anooi. Iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, noai iaoeiai?
i?iaeaie, aeo?aei? aeai?, iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. Noai ieoaiiy oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo i?iaaaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y
niinia?a io?eiaiiy EII iaieaaeaiiyi oa iaieeaiiyi. Oi?ioaaiiy
eiiiiceoe?eieo iie?eoue ia iiaa?oi? aeaoaeae iaoei iiaea a?aeaoaaoenue
ca ??cieie aa??aioaie: iaianaiiy EII ?c ?ai?oa noi?iiaaieo
eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a (aeaeo?iae?a, i?ooe?a, ae?io?a, ?ioaa?iaaieo
ii?ioe?a); iine?aeiaia iaianaiiy ie?aieo eiiiiiaio?a EII c ??cieo eean?a
iaoa??ae?a; iaianaiiy EII c iaoai?/ieo noi?oae iaoaeaaeo oa ea?ai?/ieo
ii?ioe?a.

I?e iine?aeiaiiio iaianaii? iaoaeaaeo oa ea?ai?/ieo eiiiiiaio?a EII ia
iiaa?oi? aeaoaeae iaoei AII iae/ano?oa aeei?enoiaothoueny ii?ioee
naiioethnoth/eo nieaa?a ia i?eaeaa?e, i?eaeue-o?iiia?e oa eiaaeueoia?e
iniiaao. Aiie aieiae?thoue eiiieaenii oe?iieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo
aeanoeainoae: ciinino?ee?noth, a?ic?eiith oa ei?ic?eiith no?ee?noth.
Iaaeie?ee – aeniea aa?o?noue oa aeao?oeeoi?noue iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a
nieaa?a.

Ia iniia? aeuaaeacaieo eean?a iaoa??ae?a ae?iaieoeoaii aeioneathoueny ?
iaoai?/i? noi?o? c aeiaeaiiyi aei aaciaiai ii?ioeo ea?a?ae?a aieueo?aio
aai o?iio.

C iaoith cieaeaiiy aa?oino? ii?ioe?a aeey iaieaaeaiiy iino?eii
aaaeaoueny ?iaioa ii noai?aiith oa aaeineiiaeaiith a?eueo aeaoaaeo
ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a ia cae?ci?e iniia?. Iaea?eueoee ?ioa?an aeey
io?eiaiiy ciinino?eeeo iie?eoo?a ca aeiiiiiaith AII aeeeeeathoue ii?ioee
nenoaie Fe-Cr-B-Si, c yeeo iiaeeeai noai?aiiy naiioethnoth/eo nieaa?a.
III “Ooea/a?iao” aeionea? naiioethnoth/ee cae?ciee ii?ioie I?-O4A2?4N2O
(ca OO 14-22-12-88). Eiai neeaae, %: 3,7Cr; 2,2Mn; 3,8B; 2,5Si; 0,8V.
Oaiia?aoo?a ieaaeaiiy 1200?N, oaa?ae?noue iie?eoo?a 58-60 HRC.
Cacia/aiee ii?ioie iiaea aooe aaciaei aeey noai?aiiy iaoai?/ieo noi?oae
c ea?ai?/ieie /anoeaie c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy EII.

?nioth/ee ??aaiue ?ic?iaie a iaeano? iaeaaeiaiiy aeey AII aeicaiey?
io?eioaaoe iie?eooy ?c noi?oae ??cieo iaoa??ae?a.

Ieoaiiy AII eiiiiceoe?eieo EII ia cae?ci?e iniia? i?aeoe/ii ia
aeine?aeaeai?. Ia aea/aii i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy aaoa?iaaiiiai iaieaaeaiiai
oa?o c aaciii?ioeiaiai no?oiaiy i?e AII ye iaoai?/ieo noi?oae iaoaeo oa
ea?ai?ee, oae ? eiiiiceoe?eieo ii?ioe?a. A?aenooi? a?aeiiino? i?i
aca?iiae?th eiiiiiaio?a iaieaaethaaiiai oa?o, no?oeoo?o io?eiaieo
iie?eoue, ?o iniiai? aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeanoeaino?.

2. Oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae i?ioeano AII ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue.

Oeiiaee i?ioean AII, ia aeeaey/enue ia oyaio eiai i?inoioo,
neeaaea?oueny c aeae?eueeio iine?aeiaii aeeiioaaieo aoai?a (i?eeii?a):
?ic?a??a iaieaaethaaii? iiaa?oi? aaciaei no?oiaiai iaeueieea aac iiaea/?
ii?ioeo, iiaea/a (iaieeaiiy) ii?ioeo ia ?ic?a??oo iiaa?oith, iieaaeaiiy
iaieeaiiai iie?eooy aaciaei no?oiaiai, iaieeaiiy ianooiii? ii?oe??
ii?ioeiaiai iaoa??aeo oa ciiao iieaaeaiiy iie?eooy. Eiaeiee ?c
cacia/aieo aoai?a AII iiaea aooe i?aaeiaoii oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co. A
aeai?e oai?aoe/i?e aeaa? ie ?icaeyaea?ii o?eueee iaeei aoai AII –
iaieeaiiy ii?ioeiaiai iaoa??aeo ia iiaa?oith aeaoae?.

Aiae?coth/e aoai iaieeaiiy ii?ioeo, iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui a?i oaeiae
neeaaea?oueny c aeae?eueeio iniiaieo i?aeaoai?a: iiaea/a ii?ioeo a
aaciaee iio?e, iaa??a oa ?ica?i /anoeiie o iioioe?; c?oeiaiiy oa
cao?eiaiiy iaieey?ieo /anoeiie ia iiaa?oi? aeaoae?, oiaoi oi?ioaaiiy
iie?eooy. ?icaeyaeath/e inoaiith noaae?th iaieeaiiy — c?oeiaiiy oa
cao?eiaiiy iaieey?ieo /anoeiie ia iiaa?oi?, ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui oiiae
oe??? noaae?? aeey ??cieo ii?oe?e /anoeiie iaiaeiaeia?. Ae?enii, iaeia
/anoeia aaciii?ioeiaiai iioieo cono??/a?oueny c oaa?aeith ?ic?a??oith
iiaa?oiath aeaoae?, a ?ioa c ??aeeith ?icieaaeaiith aaiiith iie?eooy,
iaieeaiiai ?ai?oa.

Oaeei /eiii, i?ioean AII aeeth/a? a naaa “noa?oia?” iia?aoe?? (?ic?a??a
aeaoae? oa iaieeaiiy ia iaiie?eoo iiaa?oith) oa ianooii? iia?aoe??,
aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycai? c oi?ioaaiiyi iie?eooy (iieaaeaiiy iaieeaiiai
oa?o oa iaieeaiiy ii?ioeo ye a ??aeeo aaiio iie?eooy, oae ? ia iiao
ae?eyieo oaa?aei? iaiie?eoi? iiaa?oi?).

A ca’yceo c oei, ui i?i?iaeueia oiaueia iie?eooy i?e a?aeiiaeaii?
aeaoae? AII cae/aeii ia iaioa 0,5 – 1 ii ? aeey oi?ioaaiiy iaiao?aeii?
e?ioeaai? oiaueie iie?eooy aeiaaa?oueny aeae?eueea oa??a (i?ioiae?a),
noaae?y iaieeaiiy ii?ioeiaeo /anoeiie a ??aeeo aaiio iie?eooy yaey?oueny
iniiaiith oeiiaith noaae??th AII.

Oaeei /eiii, a iaoiio aeiaaeeo, i?aaeiaoii oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co AII
ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaiai iie?eooy ia?aii i?ioean iaieeaiiy ii?ioeiai?
iaoai?/ii? noi?o?, yea neeaaea?oueny c iaoaeaaeo oa ea?ai?/ieo /anoie a
??aeeo aaiio iie?eooy. C oe??th iaoith ?icaeyiooi ie?ai? noaae??
cacia/aieo i?ioean?a: o?ainii?ooaaiiy /anoeiie ii?ioeo a aaciaiio
iioioe?; iaa??a ii?ioeiaeo /anoeiie a aaciaiio iioioe?; ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
ea?ai?/ieo aai eiiiiceoe?eieo /anoeiie a ?icieaa iie?eooy; cae??ieaiiy
ea?ai?/ii? /anoeiee a ?icieaa? iie?eooy; ?iciiae?e ea?ai?/ii? oace ii
ia?a??co iie?eooy.

Io?eiai? ??aiyiiy aeey ?ic?aooieo oaeaeeino? oa oaiia?aoo?e /anoeiie ii
aeenoaioe?? iaieeaiiy aeey o?ueiooaciiai aaciii?ioeiaiai no?oiaiy.

I?i?iaeueia oaeaee?noue i?aeeueioo /anoeiee ea?ai?ee aei aeca?eaea aaiie
iie?eooy, iaiao?aeia aeey i?iieeiaiiy a ?icieaa
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80fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0103000400
0000f001020008000000320a0f05241701000000710008000000320a0f05310a01000000
720008000000320ad302fc0c01000000720008000000320ad302e6070100000072001000
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01000000f70008000000320ac9035b0f01000000f70008000000320a71055b0f01000000
f80008000000320ad3025b0f01000000f60008000000320a7b042f0601000000e7000800
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d3022f0601000000e60008000000320ad302000a010000002b0008000000320ae0030805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picscalex109010009000003d00300000300150000000000050000000902000000000400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aea: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 –
aonoioa ea?ai?/ii? /anoeiee;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-
aonoioa iaoaeo ?icieaao;

picscalex98010009000003b200000002001500000000000500000009020000000004000
00002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005000
0000b0200000000050000000c022002a0011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000
000c0ffffffa6ffffff60010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650
000500015000000fb02c0fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657
720526f6d616e00007e040000002d01000008000000320ae001bb0001000000320015000
000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616
e00007e040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a80013a000100000072000
a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020
00000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000
0000000000000b94800 — ?aae?on ea?ai?/ii? /anoeiee;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 — eiao?oe??io eiaiaiai iii?o aeey noa?e/ii? /anoeiee;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 —
eoo iaae?iiy /anoeiee a ?icieaa;
?picscalex1500100090000038d000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02400260011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000f0ffffffa6ffffff50010000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000600015000000fb02c0fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e6
57720526f6d616e00cc84040000002d01000008000000320ae0014f0001000000ec000a0
0000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000
000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000
0000000004000- iiaa?oiaaa iaoyaaiiy
?icieaao.picscalex100010009000003540000000000120000000000050000000902000
000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010
00000050000000b0200000000050000000c02200220011200000026060f001a00fffffff
f000010000000c0ffffffa6ffffffe0000000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746
854797065000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000030000000000000
0000000ffffff

?ic?aooiee iieacothoue, ui i?i?iaeueia oaeaee?noue i?aeeueioo /anoeiie,
iaiao?aeia aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy inoaii?o a ?icieaa, a 4,75 ?ac
cieaeo?oueny o aeiaaeeo aeei?enoaiiy ieaeiaaieo ea?ai?/ieo /anoeiie.

3. Iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A yeino? iniiaiiai aaciaiai ii?ioeo aeey AII aoa ia?aiee naiioethnoth/ee
ii?ioie ia iniia? cae?ca I?-O4A2?4N2O. Aeey oi?ioaaiiy EII a yeino?
ea?ai?/ii? oace aei aaciaiai ii?ioeo aeiaeaaaee ea?a?ae o?iio a aeaio
aa??aioao: iaieaeiaai? oa ieaeiaai? i?eaeai (ia?ea inoaiiueiai EOII-20).
Ai?no ea?ai?ee a iaoai?/i?e noi?o? aa??thaaany ia o?ueio ??aiyo 20, 40
oa 60 ia. %. ?ici?? ii?ioeiaeo /anoeiie ia ia?aaeuoaaa 100 iei.

A?aioeiiao?e/iee neeaae ii?ioe?a aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith e?/eeueieea
“OA-I” o??ie “Eoeueoa?” (O?aioe?y). Oaeo/?noue oa ianeiia aonoioa
/anoeiie ioe?ithaaeanue ca noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeeeaie (AINO 20899-75 oa
AINO 19440-74).

Ii?oieia?y iiaa?oi? ii?ioe?a, ye? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny, aea/aeany ca
aeiiiiiaith ?ano?iaiai aeaeo?iiiiai i?e?ineiia “Camebax microbeam”.

A yeino? iaeueieea aeey AII aenia?eiaioaeueieo iie?eoue canoiniaoaaany
iaeueiee “Aa?i-Aeaeao” ae?iaieoeoaa ni?eueiiai
oe?a?inueei-aano??enueeiai i?aei?e?inoaa “?ioa?oaeae”.

Aei??thaaiiy oaeaeeino? iieueioo /anoeiie aeeiioaaeinue i?eeaaeii
ENNI-1, eiino?oeoe?? ?inoeoooo o?ceee AI A?ei?on?; aeey oaiia?aoo?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue canoiniaoaaany /ioe?eeaiaeueiee niaeo?iiao? ENI-4.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e io?eiaieo iie?eoo?a aeeiioaaee iaoiaeaie
na?oeiai? (i?e?ineiie “Iaioio-30” oa IEI-8) oa ?ano?iai? (“Camebax
microbeam”) i?e?ineii??.

Ai?no aoaeaoeth o ii?ioeao aei oa i?ney iaieeaiiy aecia/aee
eoeiiiiao?e/iei niiniaii o a?aeiia?aeiino? c AINO 25599.1-83. Oaciaee
aiae?c aeine?aeaeoaaieo EII i?iaiaeeee ia ?aioaai?anueeiio
aeeo?aeoiiao?? Ae?II-3I c aeei?enoaiiyi o?oaee c i?aeiei
aei?ii?ithaaiiyi.

I?e?ioaa?ae?noue iie?eooy aei??thaaee ia i?eeaae? “Oeiaaeco” (ssiii?y) o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c AINO 9450-76. Aioo??oi? iai?oae iie?eoue aea/aee ia
ieineeo c?aceao c iecueeiaoaeaoeaai? noae? c ?ici??aie 1,5o10o130 ii ca
?o i?iaeiii i?ney iaieaaeaiiy. Aeey aei??thaaiiy i?iaeio c?ace?a
aeei?enoiaoaaee aa?oeeaeueiee iioeiao?.

Aeey aei?iaoaaiiy EII a oiiaao ciiooaaiiy a?eueiei aa?aceaii aoei
?ic?iaeaii niaoe?aeueiee i?eno??e, yeee i?aoeth? ca eeane/iith noaiith
(“ciiooaaii? /ao?”). A yeino? aoaeiia aeei?enoiaoaaeanue caaa?oiaaia
noaeue 45. Ciiooaaiiy aei??thaaee aaaiaei iaoiaeii.

4. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aei?iaoaaiiy i?ioeano aaciii?ioeiaiai iaiea-aeaiiy
ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue, ?o no?oeoo?e oa aeanoeainoae.

Iniiaieie ia?aiao?aie i?ioeano AII (ia aoai? iaieeaiiy /anoeiie) ?
oaeaee?noue iieueioo /anoeiie oa oaiia?aoo?a ?ic?a??ao ?o iiaa?oi?.
?acoeueoaoe aei??thaaiue oeeo ia?aiao??a iaaaaeaii ia ?en.1 oa 2.

?en.1. Ci?ia oaeaeeino? iieueioo /anoeiie ii aeenoaioe?? iaieeaiiy: 1-
Cr3C2; 2- Cr3C2+Ni; 3- naiioethn ia iniia? cae?ca.

?en. 2.Aenia?eiaioaeuei? (1′,2′,3′) oa oai?aoe/i? (1,2,3) caeaaeiino?
oaiia?aoo?e ?ic?a??ao /anoeiie ii?ioeo ii aeenoaioe?? iaieeaiiy: 1′ oa
1- Cr3C2; 2′ oa 2- Cr3C2+Ni;

3’ oa 3- naiioethn ia iniia? cae?ca.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeneiaeueio aeey aeaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy oaeaee?noue
iieueioo ?12 i/n iathoue iaea?eueo eaae? /anoeiee ea?a?aeo o?iio, a
iaeiaioo – /anoeiee I?-O4A2?4N2O (?en.1). Aeey an?o aei?iaoaaieo
ii?ioe?a iaeneiaeueia oaeaee?noue aeinyaiooa ia aeenoaioe?? 30 ii a?ae
c??co niiea.

Oaiia?aoo?i? aei?iaoaaiiy iieacaee, ui ia “i?aeoe/i?e” aeenoaioe??
,iaieeaiiy aeey AII, oiaoi aei 30 ii, /anoeiee I?-O4A2?4N2O ia
anoeaathoue iaa??oeny aei oaiia?aoo?e ieaaeaiiy (Oie=1200iN) ?
a??ia?aeii o?eueee ?ici’yeoothoueny. Oei a?eueoa ia ?icieaaeththoueny
iaio oaieii?ia?aei? /anoeiee ea?ai?ee (?en.2).

Ni?anoaaeaiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ca oaeaee?noth
oa

oaiia?aoo?ith /anoeiie, ui iaieeththoueny, iieacaei ?o aeia?a
ocaiaeaeaiiy.

Aea/aiiy i?e?ino?oeoo?e EII iieacaei, ui /anoeiee ae?oai? oace aeineoue
??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eai? a iaoaeaa?e iao?eoe?, i?e/iio ieaeiaai? /anoeiee
ea?a?aeo o?iio a?eueo caa??aathoue naith ia?aeiio ia?aieo, oiaoi aiie
iaio i?ae?ic/eiythoueny a iao?eoe? – ieaeoth/ee oa? i?eaeth neoaeeoue
aa?’??ii aeey ?ic/eiaiiy.

*anoeiee EOII a?eueo ??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eai? ii ia?a??co iie?eooy o
a?aei?iiino? a?ae “aieiai” Cr3C2. Oeei i?aeoaa?aeaeothoueny iao?
oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae, i?i oa, ui ieaeiaai? /anoeiee a?eueo eaaei
i?iieeathoue a ??aeeo aaiio iie?eooy ? ia a?eueoo aeeaeio a ii??aiyii? c
iaieaeiaaieie /anoeieaie. O aeiaaeeo ieaeoaaiiy /anoeiie i?aeaeuo?oueny
oaeiae aoaeoeai?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy – i?e o?e nai?e eiioeaio?aoe??
ea?ai?ee a aoiea?? iaeueieea noi?iiaaia EII i?noeoue a?eueoa
iaiiaithaa/a o aeiaaeeo aeei?enoaiiy ieaeiaaieo /anoeiie.

Iaeaaaeeea?oei eiiiiiaioii ea?a?aeii? ea?ai?ee, a?ae yeiai a a?eueo?e
i??? caeaaeeoue no?oeoo?a oa aeanoeaino? EII ? aoaeaoeue. A?eueo?noue
aaoi??a, ye? caeiaeeny aaciiieoi’yiei ?icieeaiiyi ea?a?ae?a,
a?aecia/athoue aeai?yiiy aoaeaoeth a ?acoeueoao? aca?iiae?? ii?ioe?a
ea?a?ae?a c aaciaei iieoi’yi.

I?iaiaeeany o?i?/iee aiae?c ii?ioe?a Cr3C2 aei iaieeaiiy oa i?ney
?icieeaiiy ?o a ?ii?noue c aiaeith iaeueieeii aeey AII. A?aenoaiue a?ae
niiea iaeueieea aei aiaeiiai aeca?eaea i?eeiaeany ??aiith aeenoaioe??
iaieeaiiy i?e aaciii?ioeiaiio iaieaaeaii? (?30 ii).

Aiae?c iieacaa (oaae.1), ui aeai?yiiy aoaeaoeth ianooo?aa, i?e/iio aeey
ieaeiaaieo /anoeiie aiii ciaioo?oueny.

?acoeueoaoe aei??thaaiue i?e?ioaa?aeino? iaieaaeaieo EII iaaaaeai? ia
?en.3. Cia/aiiy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 ?icae?eeoe ia o?e ciie: oaa?ae?noue iaiiaithaa/a (ea?a?ae?a) ?
(13-25)·103 IIa, oaa?ae?noue iao?eoe? (naiioethn ia iniia? cae?ca) ?
(5-7)·103 IIa oa oaa?ae?noue ??cieo i?iaeoeo?a aca?iiae?? iniiaieo
eiiiiiaio?a ? (7-13)·103 IIa. I?e/iio o aeiaaeeo ieaeiaaieo ea?a?ae?a
(?en.3,a) oaeeo i?iaeoeo?a aca?iiae?? iaioa, a a?eueieo ea?a?ae?a
a?eueoa, ui ciia oaee iiynith?oueny ?o iaioith ?ic/eii?noth a iao?eoe?.

?en.3. I?e?ioaa?ae?noue EII io?eiaieo c noi?oae: a – I?-O4A2?4N2O (60%)
+ EOII-20 (40%); a – I?-O4A2?4N2O(60%) + Cr3C2 (40%).

Oaaeeoey 1. Ai?no aoaeaoeth a ii?ioeao Cr3C2 oa EOII-20

Neeaae ii?ioeoE?euee?noue aoaeaoeth, %aei iaieeaiiyi?ney
iaieeaiiyCr3C213,410,6Cr3C2 – 20Ni (EOII-20)13,412,7Caaaeueiee ??aaiue
aioo??oi?o iai?oa iie?eoo?a c aaaaeaiiyi ea?ai?/ii? neeaaeiai? iacia/ii
i?aeaeuo?oueny, ui iiynith?oueny, ia iao iiaeyae, ?acoeueoaoii
i?io?eaiiy aeae?eueeio i?ioean?a: ?ic/eiaiiy ea?a?ae?a, oiaoi ciaioaiiy
ea?ai?/ii? eiiiiiaioe; iane/aiiy iao?eoe? o?iiii, oiaoi ciaioaiiy EO?
iao?eoe?, ooai?aiiy ?ioeo ea?a?ae?a ? o.?i. Aeey EII c EOII ??aaiue
iai?oa aeae?eueea ieae/ee, i?ae o aeiaaeeo iaieaeiaaieo /anoeiie Cr3C2.

Iniiaiei ieoaiiyi i?e aeine?aeaeaii? aa?aceaii? ciinino?eeino? EII aoei
aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iaoaeaai? oa ea?ai?/ii?
neeaaeiai? iie?eooy.

sse iieacaee aei?iaoaaiiy EII, i?iaaaeai? a oiiaao ciiooaaiiy a?eueiei
aa?aceaii (?en.4), ?nio? iioeiaeueiee ai?no ea?ai?ee a neeaae? iie?eooy.

?en.4.Ciinino?ee?noue iaieaaeaieo iie?eoue a oiiaao ciiooaaiiy a?eueiei
aa?aceaii: 1 — noi?o I?-O4A2?4N2O + EOII-20; 2 — noi?o I?-O4A2?4N2O +
Cr3C2 (aoaeii – caaa?oiaaia noaeue 45)

Aeey EII c ieaeiaaieie /anoeieaie ea?a?aeo o?iio oey eiioeaio?aoe?y 40
ia. %, aeey iie?eoo?a c “aieeie” /anoeieaie Cr3C2 iaeneioi
ciinino?eeino? cnoaa?oueny a a?e 60 % ea?a?aeo o?iio a noi?o? aeey AII.

Iaeneioi ciinino?eeino? EII aeinyaa?oueny i?e aeinoaoi?e e?eueeino?
/anoeiie iaiiaithaa/a aeey ni?eeiaiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy, a ai?no iaoaeaai?
iao?eoe? ua iano?eueee aaeeeee, ui o ciic? oo?eiaoe /anoeiee a?ae
aee?eooaaiiy. C? ciaioaiiyi ianyao ca’ycee, /anoeiie a iie?eoo? noa? oae
aaaaoi, ui aiie ii/eiathoue noeeaoeny, ciaiooth/e aei i?i?ioio aieea
ieanoe/iiai iaoa??aeo iao?eoe? ia i?oei?noue EII. Iioeiaeueia
eiioeaio?aoe?y iaiiaithaa/a neeaaea? 40 ia. %.

5. ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano a?aeiiaeaiiy oa ci?oeiaiiy aeaoaeae
?iai/eo i?aai?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei AII EII.
Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia??.

A yeino? iniiaiiai ia’?eoo aeey AII ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue, ye?
i?aoeththoue a oiiaao aa?aceaiiai ciiooaaiiy, aoea ia?aia eaia
eoeueoeaaoi?a – iaeia c iaea?eueo ianiaeo aeaoaeae, yea aeiaaa?
i?aeaeuaiiy ciinino?eeino?.

Iia?aoe?y AII EII iiaea aeeth/aoeny a oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean, ye
a?aeiiaeaiiy, oae ? aeaioiaeaiiy eaie eoeueoeaaoi?a.

Aeey cae?eniaiiy iia?aoe?? AII EII iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe ethaee
iaeueiee aeey AII. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo eaai?aoi?ieo aei?iaoaaiue a
yeino? iaoa??aeo, ui iaieeth?oueny aeei?enoiao?ii iaoai?/io noi?o
I?-O4A2?4N2O+40 % EOII-20. ?aaeeie iaieaaeaiiy: aeenoaioe?y iaieeaiiy –
30 ii; aeenoaioe?y iieaaeaiiy – 15…20 ii; eiao?oe??io ?=(0,8…1)/1;
oaeaee?noue iaieaaeaiiy (oaeaee?noue iaieeaiiy – 11…12 i/aiae;
oaeaee?noue iieaaeaiiy 12,5…13,5 i/aiae); aeo?aoa ii?ioeiai? noi?o? ia
iaeio eaio 40…44 a. Oiaueia oa?o, ui iaieaaey?oueny 0,4…0,6 ii.

Aenieoaoaoe?ei? aei?iaoaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo eai eoeueoeaaoi??a
i?iaiaeeeeny a ENI “?ne?a” Eiiiai??anueeiai ?aeiio E??iaia?aaenueei?
iaeano?.

Aeine?aei? eaie anoaiiaethaaeeny ia eoeueoeaaoi? E?I-4,2, yeee
aa?aaaooaaany c o?aeoi?ii O-150E. Na?aaeiy oaeaee?noue aa?aaaoo
neeaaeaea 2,75 i/n, na?aaeiy aeeaeia ia?iaee 11 ni. Ia iaeei
eoeueoeaaoi? anoaiiaethaaeeny eaie o?ueio aeae?a: na??ei? – ci?oeiai?
nieaaii IN-14-60 iaoiaeii ?iaeoeoe?eiiai iaieaaeaiiy, ci?oeiai? AII ?c
noi?o? I?-O4A2?4N2O+40 % Cr3C2 oa ci?oeiai? AII ?c noi?o?
I?-O4A2?4N2O+40% EOII-20.

E?i?ei? cai??e ciiooaaiue i?iaiaeeeeny /a?ac eiaei? 5 aa iai?aoethaaiiy
ia iaeio eaio. Aaee/eio ciiooaaiue aei??thaaee ii ii?iae? aei ??aeo/i?
e?iiee iinea eaie. Iniiaiei e?eoa???i i?aoeacaeaoiino? oa a?aie/iiai
noaio eaie ? a?aenoaiue a?ae ia?oiai e??ieeueiiai ioai?o aei iinea eaie.

sse aeaeii c a?ao?e?a aeeiai?ee ciiooaaiiy (?en.5) na??eia eaia iaa?oue
ia ae?iaey? aa?aio?eiee no?ie, o a?aeiia?aeiino? c INO 23.2.164-87 a?i
neeaaea? 25 aa, a aeiionoeia ciiooaaiiy aeey aeaiiai oeii?ici??o eai
neeaaea? 20 ii. Ciinino?ee?noue aenia?eiaioaeueieo eai i?ney
iai?aoethaaiiy aa?aio?eieo 25 aa aeua o 2,5 ?ace – aeey eai c Cr3C2 ? o
4 ?ace – aeey eai c EOII-20. sse?noue naiicaoi/oaaiiy aeine?aeieo eai
cia/ii aeua, i?ae o na??eieo.

?en.5. Aeeiai?ea ciiooaaiiy eai eoeueoeaaoi?a: 1 – na??eia eaia; 2 –
eaia c iaieaaeaiei oa?ii I?-O4A2?4N2O + (40%) Cr3C2; 3 — eaia c
iaieaaeaiei oa?ii I?-O4A2?4N2O + (40%) EOII-20.

Ia iao iiaeyae, i?aeaeuaia ciinino?ee?noue eai, ci?oeiaieo ca
cai?iiiiiaaiith oaoiieia??th, iiynith?oueny iiceoeaiei aieeaii
ea?a?aeieo /anoeiie ia no?ee?noue aei ciiooaaiiy, aeoeaiith i?aeoaciith
aca?iiae??th eiiiiiaio?a EII oa, ye iane?aeie, io?eiaiiyi i?aeoe/ii
aacii?enoi? no?oeoo?e iie?eoo?a.

Oaoiieia?y a?aeiiaeaiiy eai eoeueoeaaoi??a AII EII i?eeiyoa aei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia Oeueyi?anueeiio ?OI E??iaia?aaenueei? iaeano?.

I/?eoaaiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaaea? 4992 a?i.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE OA ?AEIIAIAeAOe??

1. Iaeiei c iai?yi?a i?aeaeuaiiy aeiaaia?/iino? aeaoaeae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei i?e ?o a?aeiiaeaii? oa aeaioiaeaii? ?
aeei?enoaiiy eiiiiceoe?eieo ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoo?a. Iaea?eueo
i?inoei oa aoaeoeaiei a oiiaao ?aiiioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa niiniaii
oi?ioaaiiy EII ? AII.

2. Aeieacaia iiaeeea?noue io?eiaiiy EII iaoiaeii AII iaoai?/ieo noi?oae
ii?ioe?a ia aac? naiioethnoth/iai iaoa??aeo ia iniia? cae?ca.

3. A ?aieao a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii? iiaeae? o?ueiooaciiai aaciii?ioeiaiai
iioieo i?e AII cae?eniaiee ?ic?aooiie oaeaeeinoae oa oaiia?aoo?
ii?ioeiaeo /anoeiie, iieacaii, ui aeey ieaeiaaieo /anoeiie ea?ai?ee
ciaioo?oueny i?i?iaeueia oaeaee?noue ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ?icieaa
iie?eooy, i?aeaeuo?oueny ??aiii??i?noue ?iciiae?eo /anoeiie iaiiaithaa/a
a iaoaeaa?e iao?eoe?.

4. A ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeaee?nieo oa
oaiia?aoo?-ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aaciii?ioeiaiai no?oiaiy aecia/aia
iioeiaeueia aeenoaioe?y iaieeaiiy ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaai? noi?o? ii?ioe?a i?e
AII ? 30 ii.

5. Anoaiiaeaii, ui neeaae oa no?oeoo?a EII aecia/a?oueny nooiaiai
i?aeoacii? aca?iiae?? eiiiiiaio?a EI. A?eueo ni?eyoeeaa i?e?ino?oeoo?a
EII c oi/ee ci?o e?eueeino? oa ??aiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo iaiiaithaa/a a
iao?eoe?, i?eoaiaiia aeey EII, io?eiaieo c noi?o? c ieaeiaaiith
ea?ai?eith.

6. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e oa aeanoeainoae EII aecia/ai?
iioeiaeuei? neeaaee ii?ioeiaeo noi?oae aeey AII iie?eoo?a, ye?
i?aoeththoue a oiiaao aa?aceaiiai ciiooaaiiy: naiioethnoth/ee ii?ioie ia
iniia? cae?ca I?-O4A2?4N2O (60 %) +ieaeiaaiee ea?a?ae o?iio EOII-20 (40
%).

7. ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean AII EII no??e/anoeo eai
eoeueoeaaoi-??a. ?aaeeie iaieaaeaiiy: aeenoaioe?y iaieeaiiy – 30 ii;
aeenoaioe?y iieaaeaiiy – 15…20 ii; eiao?oe??io ?=(0,8…1)/1; oaeaee?noue
iaieaaeaiiy (oaeaee?noue iaieeaiiy – 11…12 i/aiae; oaeaee?noue
iieaaeaiiy 12,5…13,5 i/aiae); oiaueia iie?eooy 0,4…0,6 ii.

8. Aenieoaoaoe?ei? aei?iaoaaiiy ci?oeiaieo aeaoaeae iieacaee, ui
aa?aceaia ciinino?ee?noue c?inoa? a ii??aiyii? c na??eieie o 2,5…4
?ace.

9. Oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean AII eai eoeueoeaaoi??a EII i?ieoia ae?iaie/o
ia?aa??eo ia Oeueyi?anueeiio ?OI E??iaia?aaenueei? iaeano?. ??/iee
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaa 4992 a?i.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O, ssE? AENA?OETHTHOUe INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss
AeENA?OAOe??

1. *a?iiaie I.E., Nieiauo A.E., Aa?oia A?eoa I?eiaiaiea ii?ioeiauo
iaoa?eaeia ia iniiaa aeaeaca aeey iieo/aiey eciininoieeeo iie?uoee //
I?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? oa aeiaaia?/iino? iaoei. — E??iaia?aae:
E?NI. – 1996. – N.53 — 64.

2. *a?iiaie I.E., Nieiauo A.E., Aa?oia A?eoa Ainnoaiiaeaiea aeaoaeae
iaoei ea?aieei-iaoaeee/aneeie iie?uoeyie // Simpozionul de comunicri
tiinifice nu paricipare internaional n domeniul reparaiilor de maini.
-Chiinu: UASM. — 1996. – N.83 — 84.

3. Aa?oia A?eoa Niiniau iaianaiey ea?aieei-iaoaeee/aneeo iie?uoee ia
aeaoaee naeueneioicyenoaaiiie oaoieee // I?iaeaie eiino?othaaiiy,
ae?iaieoeoaa oa aenieoaoaoe?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? oaoi?ee. —
E??iaia?aae: E?NI. – 1997. – N.188 — 189.

4. Aa?oia A?eoa, *a?iiaie I.E., Iiooa E. Aaciii?ioeiaay iaieaaea
ea?aieei-iaoaeee/aneeo iie?uoee // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
E??iaia?aaenueeiai ?inoeoooo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy
(oaoi?ea a n?euenueeiainii-aea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?, aaeocaaa
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, aaoiiaoecaoe?y). – E??iaia?aae: E?NI. — 1998. — ? 2. –
N.3 — 6.

5. Oai?aoe/aneea iniiau aaciii?ioeiaie iaieaaee/ *a?iiaie I.E., Nieiauo
A.A., Aa?oia A?eoa e ae?. // O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee
“Iaoaiaoeea a eiaeono?ee”. – Oaaai?ia: OAIE. – 1998. – N.14 — 15.

6. Aa?oia A?eoa Oai?aoe/aneee aiaeec aaciii?ioeiaie iaieaaee
ea?aieei-iaoaeee/aneeo iie?uoee ia iiaa?oiinoe aeaoaeae
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoei // Eiino?othaaiiy, ae?iaieoeoai oa
aenieoaoaoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei. – E??iaia?aae: EAeOO. –
1999. — ?27. – C.130 — 138

7. *a?iiaie I.E., Nieiauo A.E., Aa?oia A?eoa Niiniau iieo/aiey
eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iie?uoee ia aeaoaeyo iaoei i?e eo ainnoaiiaeaiee
iaieaaeie // O?oaeu Oaa?e/aneie ainoaea?noaaiiie aa?ioaoie/aneie
aeaaeaiee. – Iaeeoiiieue: OAAOA. — 1999. — ? 2. – O.7. – N.52-58.

8. Iieaaua eniuoaiey no?aeue/aouo eai eoeueoeaaoi?ia, oi?i/iaiiuo
aaciii?ioeiaie iaieaaeie / I.E. *a?iiaie, A.E. Nieiauo, O.I.
Eaiaethoiue, Aa?oia A?eoa // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue E??iaia?aaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (oaoi?ea a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?, aaeocaaa iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy,
aaoiiaoecaoe?y). – E??iaia?aae: EAeOO. – 1999. – ? 5. – N.3-5

AIIOAOe?ss

Aa?oia A??oa. A?aeiiaeaiiy oa ci?oeiaiiy aeaoaeae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei aaciii?ioeiaei iaieaaeaiiyi
ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.05.11 – N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iaoeie. —
E??iaia?aaenueeee aea?aeaa-iee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, E??iaia?aae, 1999
?.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi ?ic?iaee oaoiieia?? a?aeiiaeaiiy oa
ci?oeiaiiy aeaoaeae ?iai/eo i?aai?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei
eiiiiceoe?eieie ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeie iie?eooyie, iaianaieie
aaciii?ioeiaei iaieaaeaiiyi. I?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/iee aiae?c ie?aieo
aoai?a aaciii?ioeiaiai iaieaaeaiiy iie?eoo?a c iaoai?/ii? noi?o?
iaoaeaaeo oa ea?ai?/ieo ii?ioe?a. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?ioeano aaciii?ioeiaiai iaieaaeaiiy eiiiiceoe?eieo iie?eoue, io?eiaieo
ia aac? naiioethnoth/eo ii?ioe?a ia iniia? cae?ca oa ea?a?aeo o?iio,
aea/aiiy ?o no?oeoo?e oa aeanoeainoae iieacaee i?aeaeuaio
aeiaaia?/i?noue iie?eoue a ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoa??aeaie.
?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean a?aeiiaeaiiy eaie eoeueoeaaoi?a
aaciii?ioeiaei iaieaaeaiiyi ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue, yeee i?eeiyoi
aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaciii?ioeiaa iaieaaeaiiy, ea?ai?ei-iaoaeaa? iie?eooy,
ciinino?ee?noue, eaia eoeueoeaaoi?a.

SUMMARY

Warouma Arifa. Reconstruction and hardening of agricultural machines
details by using gas-powder syrfacing with ceramic-metallic coverings. –
Manuscript.

Thesis for a Ph D degree in technical sciences on the speciality
05.05.11 — agricultural machines. — Kirovograd State Technical
University, Kirovograd, 1999.

Thesis is devoted to questions of technology of reconstruction
development and hardening details of working organs of agricultural
machines by using the composition ceramic-metallic coverings, inflicted
by the gas-powder syrfacing. The theoretical analysis of separate stages
of the gas-powder syrfacing of the coverings from mechanical mixture of
metallic and ceramic powders has been conducted. Experimental
reseaerches of the process of gas-powder syrfacing of composition
coverings obtained on the basis of self-gumboil powders with the base
of a ferric and carbide chromium, study of their structure and
properties have shown the increased durability coverings in comparison
with traditional materials. Technological process of cultivators paws
reconstruction with gas-powder syrfacing of ceramic-metallic coverings
which is taken in application in production has been designed.

Key words: gas-powder syrfacing, ceramic-metallic coverings, wear
capability, paw of cultivator.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aa?oia A?eoa. Ainnoaiiaeaiea e oi?i/iaiea aeaoaeae naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo
iaoei aaciii?ioeiaie iaieaaeie ea?aieei-iaoaeee/aneeo iie?uoee. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.05.11 – Naeueneioicyenoaaiiua iaoeiu. –
Ee?iaia?aaeneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Ee?iaia?aae,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ?ac?aaioee oaoiieiaee ainnoaiiaeaiey e
oi?i/iaiey aeaoaeae ?aai/eo i?aaiia naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoei
eiiiiceoeeii-iuie ea?aieei-iaoaeee/aneeie iie?uoeyie, iaianaiiuie
aaciii?ioeiaie iaieaaeie. I?iaaaeai oai?aoe/aneee aiaeec ioaeaeueiuo
yoaiia aaciii?ioeiaie iaieaaee iie?uoee ec iaoaie/aneie niane
iaoaeee/aneeo e ea?aie/aneeo ii?ioeia. Iieo/aiu o?aaiaiey aeey ?an/aoa
nei?inoe e oaiia?aoo?u eo iiaa?oiinoe ii aeenoaioeee iaiueaiey. ?an/aou
iieacaee, /oi ieieiaeueiay nei?inoue iiaeeaoa /anoeoe, iaiaoiaeeiay aeey
aiaae?aiey iineaaeieo a ?anieaa a 4,75 ?ac oiaiueoaaony a neo/aa
eniieueciaaiey ieaee?iaaiiuo ea?aie/aneeo /anoeoe. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua
enneaaeiaaiey i?ioeanna aaciii?ioeiaie iaieaaee eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iie?uoee
iieo/aiiuo ia aaca naiioethnothueony ii?ioeia ia iniiaa aeaeaca e
ea?aeaea o?iia, eco/aiea eo no?oeoo?u e naienoa iieacaee iiauoaiioth
aeieaiaa/iinoue iie?uoee ii n?aaiaieth n o?aaeeoeeiiiuie iaoa?eaeaie.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ninoaa e no?oeoo?a ea?aieei-iaoaeee/aneeo iie?uoee
ii?aaeaeythony noaiaiueth iaaeoaciiai acaeiiaeaenoaey eiiiiiaioia
eiiiiceoeeiiiiai iie?uoey. Ii?aaeaeai iioeiaeueiue ninoaa iaoaie/aneie
niane aeey aaciii?ioeiaie iaieaaee eciininoieeeo iie?uoee aeey oneiaee
aa?aceaiiai eciaoeaaiey: naiioethnothueeny ii?ioie ia iniiaa aeaeaca
I?-O4A2?4N2O (60 ia.%) + ieaee?iaaiiue ea?aeae o?iia (EOII-20) – 40
ia.%. ?ac?aaioai oaoiieiae/aneee i?ioeann ainnoaiiaeaiey eai
eoeueoeaaoi?a aaciii?ioeiaie iaieaaeie ea?aieei-iaoaeee/aneeo iie?uoee,
eioi?ue i?eiyo e aiaae?aieth a i?iecaiaenoai.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaciii?ioeiaay iaieaaea, ea?aieei-iaoaeee/aneea
iie?uoey, eciininoieeinoue, eaia eoeueoeaaoi?a.

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