I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea

Naeaciueiaa Oaoyia ?aaai?aia

OAeE: 616.831-005.4-8:616.133.3-08

A?AeAeAEAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE

IAAeEEAIAIOICIIAI ? O??O?A?*IIAI E?EOAAIIss

IIAOI?IEO ?OAI?E I?E IEETHCEAIEO ?

NOAIICOAAEUeIEO I?IOeANAO EA?IOEAeIIAI

AANAEIO

14.01.15 — ia?aia? oai?iae

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Cicoey ?aai Naaiae/,
Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a oaeaeei? oa iaa?aeeeaaeii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Naiinthe ?aai
Caoa?iae/, Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a ?aaa?e?oaoe??, o?c?ioa?ai?? oa
eo?i?oieia??, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaaaaa Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/,
Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.Aeaieee Aaeeoeueeiai
IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a iaa?ieia?? ? iae?io??o?a?? oaeoeueoaoo
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:Oe?a?inueeee IAe? ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii?
iaa?ieia?? ? ineo?ao??? IIC Oe?a?ie, i.Oa?e?a, a?aeae?e noaeeiii?
iaoieia?? aieiaiiai iiceo

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 24 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 11-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.613.01. i?e Ee?anuee?e
iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe IIC Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:
254112, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea 9, aoaeeoi??y ? 3.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe IIC Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 254112,
i.Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea 9.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 23 ” ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

e.i.i., aeioeaio
?iiaiaiei I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Anooi. Noaeeiii caoai?thaaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo o?aaeathoue cia/io
eieueeinoue ianaeaiiy a onio e?a?iao naioo. O no?oeoo?i caaaeueii?
nia?oiinoi nia?oiinoue aiae caoai?thaaiue noaeei iiceo iiniaea?
ae?oaa-o?ao? iinoea. A Oe?a?ii aiae iinoeueoo iiie?a? iiiaae 200 oeny/
oai?eo ia ?ie, ui aaeai/i aieueoa, iiae o NOA oa Caoiaeiie ?a?iii
(Cicoey TH.A., 1996; Aiie/oe N.I., 1996). A inoaii? aeanyoe?i//y a
Oe?a?ii iiaeaeueany ?iaaiue caoai?thaaiinoi inia iieiaeiai oa
na?aaeiueiai aieo ia oea?aa?aeueio noaeeiio iaoieiaith (Aeoaaiei ?.A.,
1989; ?oaeaiei A.TH., 1993; Iaiueeianueeee I.A. i niiaaao., 1996).
Ia?niaeoeae aiaeiiaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiinoi cia/ii iaiaaeaii — aei ?iaioe
iiaa?oathoueny eeoa 20% oai?eo. Oiio ieoaiiy i?ioieaeoeee oa eieoaaiiy
inia ic noaeeiieie caoai?thaaiiyie ia?aiai? nenoaie iathoue ia oieueee
iaaee/ia, a i aaeeea nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ia cia/aiiy.

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Ioaii/iee iinoeueo (II) cono?i/anoueny a 4 ?ace
/anoioa, iiae aaii?aai/iee (Aieioei I.A., Oaeoeeei A.E., 1991; Aeeaineee
A.N., 1995; O?aueineee A.E. e niaao., 1997). Aeieeiaiiy iiaoi?ieo II
aa?ith? aiae 20 aei 40%, a iaeieiaaii o?aiceoi?ii ioaii/ii aoaee
i?ioyaii 48 iinyoeia caeii/othoueny iiceiaei iinoeueoii (OeeiaeeiI.A.,
1992; Cicoey I.N.,1996). Iiaoi?ii ioaii/ii o?aaeaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo a
ea?ioeaeiiio aanaeii a 53-97% aeiaaeeia aeieeathoue aianeiaeie
ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo o?aaeaiue aeno?a-, iio?ae?aiiaeueieo
noaeei o niiaaiaeiioaiii 4:1 (Aieioei I.A., 1995; Cicoey TH.A., 1996).

Caeaaieueoiai ieethceaii i noaiicoaaeueii o?aaeaiiy aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo
aiaeaeieia iaaino?aeueieo a?oa?ie aieiae aoaeoeaii onoaathoueny
oi?o?ai/iei iaoiaeii (Iieeuoe I.A., 1991; Neieoeueeee N.I., 1995; Cicoey
TH.A., 1996). I?ioa, o ?aci eieoaaiiy oei?? oi?ie iaoieiai? noaeei
oi?o?ai/ia eieoaaiiy ia aeineoue iioe?aia. A Oe?a?ii oi?o?ai/ii iaoiaee
i?ioieaeoeee i eieoaaiiy ioaii? iiceo canoiniaothoue cia/ii ?iaeoa, iiae
aeieea? a oeueiio iio?aaa, i caeieniththoueny caeaaieueoiai eeoa o
oeaio?aeueieo eeiiieao. E?eoa?i? aeiaaiinoeee oa i?eioeeie i?ioieaeoeee
i eieoaaiiy oai?eo c iiaoi?ieie ioaiiyie ea?ioeaeiiai aanaeio,
iaoiiaeaieie ieethceaieie i noaiicoaaeueieie i?ioeanaie noaeei aieiaiiai
iiceo noia?a/eeai i iio?aaothoue ooi/iaiue.

Ca»ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoeiy
aeeiiaia caiaeii c ieaiii iaoeiaeo aeineiaeaeaiue ca oaiith ?0196E010574
(1996-1998?.) Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeaii? iineyaeeieiiii? inaioe
ii.I.E.Ooieea «?ic?iaea oeieani?yiiaaii? eieoaaeueii? oaeoeee i?e
ioaii/ieo ii?ooaiiyo iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao aino?iai oa ?aiiueiai
ia?iiaeia «.

Iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iioeiicaoeiy eieoaaeueii? oaeoeee o ?aci
iiaoi?ieo ioaiie aieiaiiai iiceo, yei coiiaeaii ieethceaieie oa
noaiicoaaeueieie o?aaeaiiyie noaeei ea?ioeaeiiai aanaeio ia iniiai
eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy aiaeaeaeaieo ?acoeueoaoia iaaeeeaiaioiciiai oa
oi?o?ai/iiai eieoaaiiy.

Aeey ?aaeicaoei? cacia/aii? iaoe iinoaaeaii ianooiii eiie?aoii caaea/i:

1.I?iaanoe aeineiaeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e a?oi oai?eo c iiaoi?ieie ioaiiyie a
ea?ioeaeiiio aanaeii i?e iaaeeeaiaioiciiio oa oi?o?ai/iiio iaoiaeao
eieoaaiiy.

2.Aea/eoe no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueii ciiie iiceo oa eiai noaeei o ?aci
iiaoi?ieo ioaiie ca aeiiiiiaith no/anieo iaoiaeia aeiaaiinoeee —
oeueo?acaoeiai? aeiiie??ia?aoi? (OCAeA), aiaiia?aoi? (AA), eiii»thoa?ii?
oiiia?aoi? (EO), yaea?ii-iaaiioii-?aciiainii? oiiia?aoi? (ssI?O).

3.?ic?iaeoe e?eoa?i? aeiaaiinoeee ioaiie aieiaiiai iiceo, yei ni?e/eiaii
ieethceaieie oa noaiicoaaeueieie i?ioeanaie aioo?ioiuei? niiii? a?oa?i?
(ANA).

4.Aecia/eoe aoaeoeaiinoue oi?o?ai/iiai eieoaaiiy ioaiie aieiaiiai iiceo,
ni?e/eiaieo ieethceaieie oa noaiicoaaeueieie i?ioeanaie.

5.Aecia/eoe aoaeoeaiinoue iaaeeeaiaioiciiai eieoaaiiy ioaiie aieiaiiai
iiceo, ni?e/eiaieo ieethceaieie oa noaiicoaaeueieie i?ioeanaie.

6.Caeienieoe ii?iaiyeueiee aiaeic aiaeaeaeaieo ?acoeueoaoia
iaaeeeaiaioiciiai oa oi?o?ai/iiai eieoaaiiy ioaiie aieiaiiai iiceo,
ni?e/eiaieo ieethceaieie oa noaiicoaaeueieie i?ioeanaie ANA.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. O ?acoeueoaoi caeieniaiiy
eiiieaeno no/anieo eeiiiei-iino?oiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue iiaoi?ieo
ioaiie aieiaiiai iiceo ieethceaii-noaiicoaaeueiiai aaiaco
nenoaiaoeciaaii aeaii uiaei iniaeeainoae eeiii/iiai ia?aaiao aino?i?
oea?aa?iaaneoey?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi, ni?e/eiaii? ieethceaieie i
noaiicoaaeueieie i?ioeanaie ANA.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ieioui ii?ooaiiy iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao (IIIE) oa II o 55%
oai?eo iaoiiaeaii ieethceaieie i noaiicoaaeueieie o?aaeaiiyie
aeno?ae?aiiaeueiiai aiaeaeieo iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae.

Aia?oa aecia/aia aeiaaiinoe/ia oeiiiinoue aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiaeia
aeineiaeaeaiue (OCAeA, ssI?O, EO, AA) o ?aci aeaii? iaoieiai? oa
cai?iiiiiaaia iineiaeiaiinoue ?o aeeiiaiiy.

?ic?iaeaii e?eoa?i? aeeoa?aioeiaeueii? aeiaaiinoeee ii?ooaiue iiceiaiai
e?iaiiaiao ioaii/iiai oa?aeoa?o ?icii? aoiieiai? (aoa?ineea?ioe/ii
noaiice, o?iiaice ANA, iiaeiaaeaiiy oa ia?aaeie), yei iiaeia
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ia aeiainiioaeueiiio aoaii oa a iieieeiii/ieo oiiaao
aeey iioeiicaoei? iiaeaeueoi? aeiaaiinoe/ii? oa eieoaaeueii? oaeoeee.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui o ?aci ioaii/ieo ii?ooaiue iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao,
iaoiiaeaieo ia?aaeiaie i iiaeiaaeaiiyie ANA nai?/ania i iiaiioeiiia
i?ecia/aiiy eiina?aaoeaiiai eieoaaiiy ni?ey? aieueo oaeaeeiio ?aa?ano
iaa?ieiai/ieo neiioiiia iiae o ?aci iaoieiai?, iaoiiaeaii?
aoa?ineea?ioe/iei noaiicii, o?iiaicaie ANA, oia?ii»ycaaeie aeenieaciyie.

?ic?iaeaii niinia iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiai iiaeoiaeo iiae /an aeai?o
iaaeeeaiaioiciiai oa oi?o?ai/iiai iaoiaeia eieoaaiiy oai?eo ic
ieethceaieie i noaiicoaaeueieie i?ioeanaie ANA.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui oieueee eiiieaenia aeineiaeaeaiiy iiceiai? aaiiaeeiaiiee
oa iioi?iaoeiy uiaei i?ioiaeiinoi i ooieoeiiiaeueii? cia/ouinoi onio
a?oa?iaeueieo aanaeiia aieiaiiai iiceo aeicaiey? i?aaeeueii ioeiieoe
noai oai?iai i aecia/eoe iioeiaeueio oaeoeeo eieoaaiiy.

Aeei?enoaiiy eeoa iaaeeeaiaioicii? oa?aii? ioaii/ieo ii?ooaiue iiceiaiai
e?iaiiaiao o ?aci ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo o?aaeaiue
aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia ANA ? iaaeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaiei, oiio ui
no/anii iaaee/ii na?aaeieee ia ni?iiiaeii eieaiaeoaaoe i?aaii/ia
o?aaeaiiy noaeeie.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aei e?eoa?i?a, ca yeeie iai?aaeythoue oai?eo ia
iia?aoeaia eieoaaiiy o ?aci ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo o?aaeaiue
aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia ANA, iaeaaeeoue iayaiinoue IIIE aai
ia?aianaii II ca aiaenooiinoi a?oaeo iaa?ieiai/ieo aeaoaeoia.

E?eoa?iyie aei canoinoaaiiy oi?o?ai/iiai eieoaaiiy iiaeooue aooe
iiaoi?ii IIIE, yei aeieeathoue iacaaaeath/e ia i?iaaaeaii eo?ne
eiina?aaoeaiiai eieoaaiiy, aai iayaiinoue neiae?iio ia?inoath/i?
noaeeii-iiceiai? iaaeinoaoiinoi aac IIIE.

O oai?eo ic ieethceaieie i noaiicoaaeueieie o?aaeaiiyie
aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia ANA, yeei caeieniaia iia?aoeaia ei?aeoeiy
noaeei i a iiaeaeueoiio ?aaoey?ii i?iaiaeeeeny eo?ne iaaeeeaiaioiciiai
eieoaaiiy, iiaoi?ieo iinoeueoia ia aeieeaei.

Aecia/aii, ui nai?/anii i?iaaaeaia oi?o?ai/ia eieoaaiiy (aei aeieeiaiiy
oyaeeeo ioaii/ieo iinoeueoia, yei i?ecaiaeyoue aei iiaaeiaeecaoei?
oai?eo) aeicaiey? iaeaieueo aaeaeaaoii aiaeiiaeoe iiceiaee e?iaioie i
noa? iaaeieiith i?ioieaeoeeith aino?i? oa o?iii/ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi
iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Ia iiaenoaai caeieniaiiy
eiiieaeno no/anieo eeiiiei-iino?oiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue iiaoi?ieo
ioaiie aieiaiiai iiceo ieethceaii-noaiicoaaeueiiai aaiaco i aea/aiiy
aeaieo i?i iniaeeainoi eeiii/iiai ia?aaiao aino?i? oea?aa?iaaneoey?ii?
iaaeinoaoiinoi, ni?e/eiaii? ieethceaieie i noaiicoaaeueieie i?ioeanaie
ANA, ?ic?iaeaii eeiii/ii e?eoa?i? aeey aeyaeaiiy i ooi/iaiiy ieethceaieo
i noaiicoaaeueieo i?ioeania ANA.

Aacoth/enue ia ii?iaiyeueiiio aiaeici aiaeaeaeaieo ?acoeueoaoia
iaaeeeaiaioiciiai oa oi?o?ai/iiai eieoaaiiy ioaiie aieiaiiai iiceo,
ni?e/eiaieo ieethceaieie oa noaiicoaaeueieie i?ioeanaie ANA, ?ic?iaeaii
niinia iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiai iiaeoiaeo iiae /an aeai?o iaaeeeaiaioiciiai oa
oi?o?ai/iiai iaoiaeia i?ioieaeoeee i eieoaaiiy o ?aci ieethceaieo i
noaiicoaaeueieo i?ioeania ANA, anoaiiaeaii e?eoa?i? iai?aaeaiiy oai?eo
ia iia?aoeaia eieoaaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo ioi?iie caei?ia»y: a
iae?ioi?o?ai/iiio aiaeaeieaiii Ee?anueei? eeiii/ii? eiea?ii oaeaeei?
iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae, a iaa?ieiai/iiio aiaeaeieaiii Eueaianueei?
eeiii/ii? iaeanii? eiea?ii, a iaa?ieiai/iiio aiaeaeieaiii eeiii/ii?
eiea?ii Eueaianueei? caeicieoei, a iaa?ieiai/iiio aiaeaeieaiii eiea?ii
oaeaeei? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae i.Eueaiaa, a iaa?ieiai/iiio aiaeaeieaiii
*a?iiaaoeueei? iaeanii? ineoiao?i/ii? eiea?ii, a iaa?ieiai/iiio
noaeeiiiio aiaeaeieaiii 3-? iinueei? eeiii/ii? eiea?ii i.*a?iiaoei oa a
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean ia eaoaae?i oaeaeei? oa iaaiaeeeaaeii? iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae i eaoaae?i iae?ioi?o?ai? EIAII ii.I.E.Ooieea, ia eaoaae?i
ia?aiaeo oai?ia Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? Aeaaeaii?, ui
iiaeoaa?aeo?oueny aeoaie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoeiy ? naiinoieiei aeineiaeaeaiiyi
aaoi?a. Iei ?ic?iaeaia ea?oa ianoaaeaiiy oai?iai, iniaenoi i?iaaaeaii
ianoaaeaiiy i iaaeeeaiaioicia eieoaaiiy anio oai?eo, noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea
i iaoeiaa iioa?i?aoaoeiy anio io?eiaieo aeaieo, iiaeaioiaea iaoeiaeo
noaoae. Ioi?ieaiiy aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe i aaoi?aoa?aoo caeieniaii
aaoi?ii naiinoieii.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
aeineiaeaeaiue iiaiaeiieaii ia I Iaoeiiiaeueiiio eiia?ani
iaa?iiaoieiaia, ineoiao?ia i ia?eieiaia Oe?a?ie (Oa?eia, 20-23 o?aaiy
1997 ?.), ia eiioa?aioei? iieiaeeo o/aieo EIAII (Ee?a, 19 a?oaeiy 1997
?.), ia thaaeieiie eiioa?aioei?, i?enay/aiie 80-?i//th EIAII
ii.I.E.Ooieea (Ee?a, 26-27 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.), ia nani? Aeaaeaii? iaoe
aeui? oeiee (Ee?a, 19 a?oaeiy 1997 ?.).

Ioaeieaoei?. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii o 12
ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao, c ieo: 4 o i?ioieueieo iaaee/ieo aeo?iaeao, 6 o
cai?ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 2 a iaoa?iaeao iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioeie.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoeiy aeeiiaia ia 135 noi?iieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo oa neeaaea?oueny ci anooio, iaeyaeo eioa?aoo?e,
aeeeaaeo iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy oa oa?aeoa?enoeee ianoaaeaieo oai?eo,
?icaeieo ?acoeueoaoia aeanieo niinoa?aaeaiue, aiaeico i ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiue, aeniiaeia oa ia?aeieo eioa?aoo?e, yeee
iinoeoue 210 aeaea?ae, c ieo 137 — aio/eciyieo i 73 — ca?oaiaeieo.
?iaioa iethno?iaaia 15 ?enoieaie oa 14 oaaeeoeyie.

CIINO ?IAIOE

Iaoa?iaee oa iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy. A iniiao ?iaioe iieeaaeaiee
iaoa?iae eiiieaeniiai eeiiiei-iino?oiaioaeueiiai ianoaaeaiiy i
eaoaiianoe/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy 120 oai?eo c iiaoi?ieie ii?ooaiiyie
iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao a ea?ioeaeiiio aanaeii i?e ieethceaieo i
noaiicoaaeueieo i?ioeanao aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia ANA, yei
ia?aaoaaee ia eieoaaiii a iae?inoaeeiiiio aiaeaeieaiii Ee?anueei?
eeiii/ii? eiea?ii oaeaeei? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae c 1988 ii 1997 ?., aea
aacothoueny eaoaae?a oaeaeei? oa iaaiaeeeaaeii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae i
eaoaae?a iae?ioi?o?ai? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeaii? iineyaeeieiiii?
inaioe ii.I.E.Ooieea.

Aeey ii?iaiyiiy aoei i?iaiaeiciaaii a?oie oai?eo, yei io?eiaee
eiiieaenia eieoaaiiy ic canoinoaaiiyi oi?o?ai/iiai eieoaaiiy,
ni?yiiaaiiai ia onoiaiiy aeaoi?iaoei? noaeeie, ui oo?oaeithaaea e?iaioie
(60 oai?eo), i yei io?eiaee eeoa iaaeeeaiaioicia eieoaaiiy (60 oai?eo)
aieii aiae 27 aei 65 ?ieia. *ieiaieia aoei 68, aeiiie — 52.

Iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy aeeth/aee eiiieaenia eeiiiei-iaa?ieiai/ia
ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo, OCAeA, AA, EO. O 65% oai?eo i?iaiaeeee ssI?O.

Eeiii/ia ianoaaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/aei aea/aiiy aiaiiaco, ioeiieo /eiieeia
?eceeo caoai?thaaiiy. Iaia»yceiaei aoa aiaeic oeio ioaii/iiai o?aaeaiiy
iiceo — IIIE, II i i?ia?anoth/a aeenoee?eoeyoi?ia aioeaoaeiiaoiy.
?iaaiue ii?ooaiiy naiaeiiinoi aecia/aee ca eeaneoieaoei?th
A.I.Eiiiaaeiaa (1985), ui iinoeoue iaeaieueo iioi?iaoeaii iaa?ieiai/ii
iciaee, ii?aeiaiiy yeeo aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ?icii oace ii?ooaiiy
naiaeiiinoi. E?ii oeueiai, aeey aecia/aiiy oyaeeinoi noaio ie
aeei?enoiaoaaee oeaeo eii Aeacai. Nooiiiue ?ooiaeo i iiaieo ii?ooaiue
oienoaaee ca nenoaiith A.N.Eaaeeeiaa (1991), iiaieo — E.A.Noiey?iai?
(1973). Iniaeeai? oaaae iaaeaaaee iaeueiaoei? oa aoneoeueoaoei? niiieo
a?oa?ie ia oe?.

Oeueo?acaoeiao aeiiie??ia?aoith i?iaiaeeee ia no/aniiio
aeiiie??ianueeiio niaeo?iaiaeicaoi?i oi?ie «Appleton Floscan Plus»
(Aiaeiy). O anio oai?eo ianoaaeoaaee e?iaioie o caaaeueiie niiiie
a?oa?i?, ANA, iaaeaeieiaeo a?oa?iyo, o?aaoeaaeo a?oa?iyo, a oaeiae
e?iaioie o ?aci eiii?anni? eiio?eaoa?aeueii? caaaeueii? niiii? a?oa?i? i
aieie o?aaoeaai? a?oa?i?. Iniiaieie ia?aiao?aie aeiiie??ianueeiai
niaeo?a aoee iaeneiaeueia nenoiei/ia /anoioa, eiioeaaa aeianoiei/ia
/anoioa, na?aaeiy /anoioa e?iaioieo ca oeeee (N*EOe), eiiieia
oaeaeeinoue e?iaioieo (EOE), yei ae?aoiaoaaeenue o nenoaii «Appleton»
aaoiiaoe/ii.

AA-ianoaaeaiiy aeno?a- i iio?ae?aiiaeueieo noaeei ea?ioeaeiiai aanaeio
aoei i?iaaaeaii anii oai?ei. O 60% aeiaaeeia aeineiaeaeoaaee iaeaeai
niiii a?oa?i?.

No?oeoo?ii iniaeeainoi aieiaiiai iiceo aea/aee ca aeiiiiiaith
aio/eciyiiai ?aioaaiianueeiai eiii»thoa?iiai oiiia?aoa N?O-1010 i
yaea?ii-iaaiioii-?aciiainiiai oiiia?aoa MR-MAX ae?iaieoeoaa oi?ie
«General Electric» (NOA). Oiiia?aoi/iee aiaeic iinoea caaaeueio
aicoaeueio ioeiieo i eieueeinii iieacieee. Iaoieiai/ii ciiie ioeiithaaee
o oaeee niinia: eieaeicaoeiy aiaieua, neaiae aiae iueiai (aiii-, aiia?-
aai iciaeainiee aei ioi/oth/eo oeaiei), ?icii?e (o ii), oi?ia (e?oaea,
aeoyaiooa, iai?aaeeueia oa ii.), eiioo? (?iaiee aai ia?iaiee, /ioeee aai
ia/ioeee), aioo?ioiy no?oeoo?a (iaeii?iaeia aai iaiaeii?iaeia ic
cacia/aiiyi oa?aeoa?o iaiaeii?iaeiinoi), noai ioi/oth/eo oeaiei
(oeoii/eiai? nenoaie oa noaa?aoii?aeaeueiiai i?inoi?o, iayaiinoue
ciiuaiiy, iaa?yeo iiceo, ia»?iii? aei? ia iicie).

O ?iaioi aeei?enoaii a?oiaiee iaoa?iae: inoi?i? oai?ia iaoei?ioia c
aino?eie ii?ooaiiyie iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao (AIIE), yei ia?aaoaaee a
iae?inoaeeiiiio aiaeaeieaiii Ee?anueei? eeiii/ii? eiea?ii oaeaeei?
iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae c 1988 ii 1997 ?.

Iaea?aeaii ?acoeueoaoe noaoenoe/ii ia?iaeaii. Ioeiieo ca»yceo iiae
?yaeaie niinoa?aaeaiue i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith e?eoa?ith eooiaiai
ia?aoai?aiiy ( ) Oioa?a (Aoaea? A.A., 1978).

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. I?iaaaeaiee aiaeic 2026
inoi?ie oai?iae iaoei?ioia c AIIE , yei ia?aaoaaee a iae?inoaeeiiiio
aiaeaeieaiii Ee?anueei? eeiii/ii? eiea?ii oaeaeei? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae c
1988 ii 1997 ?. canaiae/ea, ui eieueeinoue II neeaaeaea 72% aiae onio
AIIE. Caeaaieueoiai oea aoee ethaee iieiaeiai aieo 30-60 ?ieia.
Iaeaieueo /anoith i?e/eiith ioaii/iiai iinoeueoo aoea iaoieiaiy
iaaino?aeueieo a?oa?ie aieiae (70%), a oiio /enei aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo
aiaeaeieia (55%). Oai?i c iiaoi?ieie ii?ooaiiyie iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao
neeaee 40%.

Na?aae 120 oai?eo ic iiaoi?ieie ii?ooaiiyie iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao a
ea?ioeaeiiio aanaeii o ?aci ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo i?ioeania
aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia ANA, yei aoee ianoaaeaii iaie, o 34
(28,3%) niinoa?aaeaiiyo iiaoi?ii ii?ooaiiy iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao
aeyaeyeeny o aeaeyaei eeoa IIIE, o 86 (71,7%) — o aeaeyaei II. I?ioa,
aeaoaeueiee cai? aiaiiaco c»ynoaaa, ui o 35 oai?eo c iiaoi?ieie ioaiiyie
o aeaeyaei II caoai?thaaiiy aeaathooaaei ye IIIE. Oiaoi, o aeiaaeeao, ui
?o i?iaiaeiciaaii, ii/aoie caoai?thaaiiy o aeaeyaei IIIE aiaecia/aii o
57,5% (69 aeiaaeeia), ui ei?aeth? c aeaieie eioa?aoo?e (Iie?ianeee A.A.,
1986).

Na?aae /eiieeia ?eceeo i?iaiaeia iinoea caeiaa aoa?ineea?ic, yeee
aeyaeaii o 89,1% oai?eo. Ca aeaieie Aeoaaiei ?.A.(1989), oeae iieaciee
neeaaea? aiae 53 aei 97%. O 69,1% oai?eo aeyaeaii ii?aeiaiiy
aoa?ineea?ico c a?oa?iaeueiith aiia?oaici?th, i eeoa o 5,6% — c
aiiioiii?th aianeiaeie ii?ooaiiy na?aeoeaai? aeiyeueiinoi. I?ioa neiae
cacia/eoe, ui a 49,6% aeiaaeeia II aeieeee ia oei ia?aiaaeia
a?oa?iaeueiiai oeneo (AO), a naia, o 39,6%- ia oei iiaeaeuaiiy AO i a
10%- ia oei eiai cieaeaiiy. Aeieeiaiiy ioaii/ieo noaiia iiae /an
cieaeaiiy AO aoei iaeaieueo oa?aeoa?iei aeey oaeeo ciii ANA, ye
iiaeiaaeaiiy, iaoeaooai?aiiy, ia?aaeie. *eiieeaie ?eceeo II o ?aci
ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo o?aaeaiue aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia
ANA aoee oaeiae ioaii/ia oai?iaa na?aeoey (ION) — 33,3%, ceiaaeeaaiiy
iieioeiii — 22,1% oa aeeiaieai — 20%, oeoe?iaee aeiaaao — 2,5% oa
?aaiaoeci — 2,5%.

Eeiii/iee aiaeic ii?ooaiue naiaeiiinoi naiae/eoue, ui aieueoa ae?aaeaii
ii?ooaiiy naiaeiiinoi aoee o oai?eo, eiee ioaii/ii ii?ooaiiy aeieeaee ia
oei a?oa?iaeueiii aiia?oaici?, i iaioa ae?aaeaii — o oai?eo c iinoeueoii
iaoiiaeaiei eeoa aoa?ineea?icii. Iaeaieueo ae?aaeaii ii?ooaiiy
naiaeiiinoi niinoa?iaaeeny oaeiae o ?aci ii?aeiaiiy o?aaeaiue
ea?ioeaeii? i aa?oaa?aeueii-aaceey?ii? nenoaie.

Aieiaiee aieue, caeaaieueoiai ia?iceee, niinoa?iaaany o 34,2%
ianoaaeaieo oai?eo, caiiii?i/aiiy nenoaiiiai oa?aeoa?o o 18,3%. Ic
aiaieuaai? neiioiiaoeee aaiiieaaith aeyaeaii — o 19,2% oai?eo,
ae?aaeaiee aaiiia?ac — o 25,8%, iiii?ii ae?aaeaiee — o 27,5% oai?eo,
eaaeee — o 14,2% oai?eo, a oaeiae ?iceaaee /ooeeaino? ca aaiioeiii o
anio oeeo aeiaaeeao. O 74,2% oai?eo ?ooiai ii?ooaiiy i ?iceaaee
/ooeeaino? noi?iaiaeaeoaaeeny iaaeinoaoi?noth VII oa XII ia? /a?aiieo
ia?aia ii oeaio?aeueiiio oeio. Iioeei-ii?aiiaeiee neiae?ii
niinoa?iaaany a 13,3% aeiaaeeia, ia?aaaaeii o aeiaaeeao caoaeaiiy
a?oa?i? iiiaae 60%. O 9,2% oai?eo AIIE noi?iaiaeaeoaaeeny noaeiiaie, ye
aiaieuaaiai, oae i aaia?aeiciaaiiai oa?aeoa?o. Caeaaieueoiai noaeiie
aeieeaee o oai?eo noa?oiai aieo c o?aaeaiiyie ca oeiii ia?aaeiia,
iiaeiaaeaiue, iaoeaooai?aiue.

O eeiii/iie aeiaaiinoeoei iiae /an ia»?eoeaiiai ianoaaeaiiy aaaeeeao
?ieue aiaeia?aaaee iaoiaee iaeueiaoei? i aoneoeueoaoei? noaeei oe?.
Cieaeaiiy ioeuenaoei? aoei aeyaeaii a 35% aeiaaeeia, iineeaiiy — o
29,9%. O ?aci aeyaeaiiy ciii ioeuenaoei? noaeeie aeieea? iiaeic?a ia
ciiie a aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieao niiieo a?oa?ie. Aieue iiae /an
iaeueiaoei? noaeei oe? (11,7% aeiaaeeia) ni?e/eith? iiaeic?o ia aino?ee
o?iiaic. Nenoiei/iee ooi iaae noaeeiith ? aaccaia?a/iith iciaeith
noaiicoaaiiy a?oa?i?. I?ioa neiae cacia/eoe, ui o ?aci iiaii? ieethci?
noaeeie nenoiei/iee ooi iiaea cieeaoe i ciia iiiiaethaaoeny o ca»yceo c
?icaeoeii ?aeaiae?caoe?? e?iaiiaiao. Iecueeee aiaenioie aeyaeaiiy
nenoiei/ieo ooiia (24,2%) ei?aeth? c aeaieie Aaa?iaeyia A.N. i niiaaao.
(1991), yei aeyaeee nenoiei/ii ooie eeoa o 27% oai?eo. Iniaeeaa
cia/aiiy, ia iaoo aeoieo, ia? iaeueiaoeiy oa aoneoeueoaoeiy noaeei oe? o
oai?eo c aiaenooiinoth eeiii/ii? iaiioanoaoei? caoai?thaaiiy
(aacneiioiiii ieethci? oa noaiice), yei caa?oathoueny aei eiea?y c
i?eaiaeo aeenoee?eoeyoi?ii? aioeaoaeiiaoi? oa a?oa?iaeueii? aiia?oaici?.

Iiaeic?a ia ieethceaii i noaiicoaaeueii o?aaeaiiy ea?ioeae o oeeo
aeiaaeeao aeicaiey? a/anii aeiaaiinooaaoe aacneiioiiii noaaei? oai?iae,
ia?aaeaa/eoe ?ecee aeieeiaiiy ii?ooaiiy iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao i aea?aoe
iioeiaeueio oaeoeeo ?o eieoaaiiy i i?ioieaeoeee.

Iaeiei c iaeaieueo iioi?iaoeaieo iaoiaeia aeiaaiinoeee o ?aci iiaeic?e
ia ciiie a niiieo a?oa?iyo ? OCAeA, yea aea? iiaeeeainoue aecia/eoe
ieethci?, noaiice, iaoei, ia?aaeie niiieo a?oa?ie i cie?aia ?o
aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia, iaaioue o oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee eeiiiea
ioaii? iiceo ae?aaeaia iaei. Iaoieiai/ii ciiie noaeei aoee aeyaeaii o
anio ianoaaeaieo.

O ?aci noaiico aei 50% i?inaioo noaeeie (o 45% oai?eo) i o ?aci noaiico
— 50-75% (o 32,5% oai?eo) niinoa?iaaeiny iiaeaeuaiiy EOE i N*EOe o
iinoei noaiico, cieaeaiiy EOE aeenoaeueiioa i i?ieneiaeueiioa noaiico ca
?aooiie nenoiei/ii? i aeianoiei/ii? ?i neeaaeiaeo aiaeiiaiaeii. ?iaaiue
aeianoiei/iiai iii?o aeenoaeueiioa noaiico cieaeoaaany, a
i?ieneiaeueiioa — iiaeaeuoaaany. O aeiaaeeao ae?aaeaiiai noaiico (<75%), o 22,5% oai?eo, aiaecia/aeiny cieaeaiiy EOE ii iio?ae?aiiaeueieo noaeeiao ia aioei o?aaeaiiy. O ?aci ieethceaieo o?aaeaiue aiaecia/aeiny cieaeaiiy EOE, iiaeaeno ioeuenaoei? aeenoaeueiioa ieethci?, aiaenooiinoue e?iaioieo ca oiia eieaoei? a iinoei ieethci? ANA, ?aaa?niy e?iaioieo i iayaiinoue ia?aoieaiiy e?iai niieo/ieie a?oa?iyie. O oai?eo c iiaeiaaeaiiyie ANA cieaeoaaeany EOE, a o ?aci "eieaoeue", yei aeieeaee i?e iiaeiaaeaiiyo noaeei, ?a?no?oaaany aeaini?yiiaaiee e?iaioie o iinoei o?aaeaiiy. O anio oai?eo iiaeaeuoaaany aiaenioie anneiao?i?. Iaiiaaceaiinoue i ao?aaiaoe/iinoue OCAeA aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?? ia aeiainiioaeueiiio aoaii a iieieeiiioei. Aaccaia?a/ii, eeiii/ii aeaii oa aeaii OCAeA iathoue aaeeeo aeiaaiinoe/io oeiiiinoue i a aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao aeicaieythoue anoaiiaeoe aeiaaiic ieethceaiiai i noaiicoaaeueiiai o?aaeaiiy niiii? a?oa?i?, i?ioa aeey oi/iiai aecia/aiiy eieaeicaoei?, nooiaiy i i?ioyaeiinoi o?aaeaii? aeieyiee, ui, a naith /a?ao, aieeaa? ia aeai? iiaeaeueoi? oaeoeee eieoaaiiy, iaiaoiaeia i?iaaaeaiiy ea?ioeaeii? AA. E?ii oeueiai, AA aeyaey? ?icii aiiiaei? ?icaeoeo noaeei, oeyoe eieaoa?aeueiiai e?iaioieo, a oaeiae iiai/ii naiae/eoue i?i ciiuaiiy aaiiaeeiaii/ii? ?iaiiaaae a aie oiai /e iioiai a?oa?iaeueiiai aanaeio. Ea?ioeaeia AA - ianoaaeaiiy aeno?a- i iio?ae?aiiaeueieo noaeei aoei i?iaaaeaii anii oai?ei. O 60% aeiaaeeia aeineiaeaeoaaee iaeaeai niiii a?oa?i?. Ca iaoeie aeaieie, aoei aeyaeaii noaiice o 33,3% oai?eo, ieethci? aoa?ineea?ioe/iith aeyoeith - o 24,1%, iiaeiaaeaiiy i ia?aaeie noaeei - o 20,9%, ii?aeiaii o?aaeaiiy - o 21,7% oai?eo. I?e/iio, iaeii/ania o?aaeaiiy aeaio i aieueoa a?oa?ie aoei aeyaeaii a 40% ianoaaeaieo. Aeyaeaiiy oai?eo ic iiiaeeiieie o?aaeaiiyie niiieo a?oa?ie ia? i?eioeeiiai aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey aeai?o oaeoeee oi?o?ai/iiai eieoaaiiy (Ci?ii I.I., 1994). O oai?eo iioeeiai aieo c oea?aa?iaaneoey?iith iaoieiai?th aiaiia?aoi/ia aeineiaeaeaiiy ia? iaaiee ?ecee. Oiio AA o oeeo oai?eo iaiaoiaeii aeeiioaaoe eeoa a oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee iinoa? ieoaiiy i?i iia?aoeaia ao?o/aiiy aai eiee oa?aeoa? o?aaeaiiy ia iiaiinoth c"yniaaiee, ui ia?aoeiaeaea? i?ecia/aiith iaiaoiaeiiai eieoaaiiy. I?ioeiieacaiiyi aeey i?iaaaeaiiy AA ie aaaaeaee ae?ae oyaeeee noai oai?eo, ae?aaeaio noiooith iaoieiaith i aie iiiaae 65 ?ieia. EO oa ssI?O aeicaieythoue aeyaeyoe aaea noi?iiaaii aiaieua iioa?eoo. Aieueo iioi?iaoeaiei iaoiaeii ia ?aiiio noaaeiyo ioaii/ieo ii?ooaiue o ?aci ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo i?ioeania ea?ioeaeiiai aanaeio aoea ssI?O, yea aeicaieeea aicoaeicoaaoe iciaee ioaii? a iiceo aaea a ia?oi aiaeeie iioa?eoo (18 niinoa?aaeaiue). O 7,7% oai?eo, yei ia?aianee II, ie ia ciaoiaeeee iiyeeo aiaieuaaeo ciii o aieiaiiio iiceo. Aiaenooiinoue aoaeue-yeeo ciii o aieiaiiio iiceo, ca aeaieie EO i ssI?O, o ?aci aeyaeaiiy iaoieiai? niiieo a?oa?ie ca aeaieie iaeueiaoei?, aoneoeueoaoei?, OCAeA oa i?e eeiii/ieo i?iyaao caoai?thaaiiy aea? iiaenoaae ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia iiceoeaiee ?acoeueoao eieoaaiiy. A oie naiee /an o 5% aeiaaeeia oai?eo c IIIE, a aiaiiaci yeeo ia cacia/aii ia II, ie aeyaeee a aieie ?a/iaeii i iiaeei?eiaeo aaiaeiyo aiaieua iioa?eoo ?icii?aie 1 - 2 ni, yei eeiii/ii naaa ia aeyaeee, ui naiae/eei i?i eaeoia?io oai?iao. Oaeei /eiii, niianoaaeaiiy aeaieo EO i ssI?O, aeaei ciiao c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui iiaeie iinoeueoo ia "iaeee" i "caaa?oaiee" aaeueie oiiaiee i noino?oueny eeoa eeiiiee. Aeaii EO i ssI?O o oai?eo c aaeeeeie aiaieuaie iioa?eoo (iiiaae 5 ni) aai aaeeeeie iineyioaii/ieie einoaie naiae/eee i?i iiaaiee i?iaiic, ui iicaaaey? iaaei? ia inoioia aiaeiiaeaiiy ao?a/aieo ooieoeie. I?e iiiaeeiieo ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo i?ioeanao oa iaeii/aniiio o?aaeaiii noaeei ea?ioeaeiiai i aa?oaa?aeueii-aaceey?iiai aanaeio (80% aeiaaeeia) aeaii EO i ssI?O aeiiiiiaathoue o aeai?i iioeiaeueii? oi?o?ai/ii? oaeoeee eieoaaiiy. Ciiuaiiy aiaieu iioa?eoo aeeae/a aei iaeiiai c aanaeiia naiae/eei i?i oa, ui e?iaioie a iueiio ii?ooaiee aieueoith ii?ith i ca iioeo ?iaieo oiia aeacoaaei, ui c ei?aeoei? naia oeueiai aanaeio neiae ii/eiaoe. Iiaeaiaey/e iiaenoiie aiaeico anio aeei?enoaieo iaie iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy, neiae cacia/eoe, ui o ?aci ioaiie ea?ioeaeiiai aanaeio, yei aeieeee aianeiaeie ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo o?aaeaiue aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia niiieo a?oa?ie, aeiaeai c iaoiaeia ie?aii ia aea? aeinoaoiuei? iioi?iaoei? aeey aeai?o eieoaaeueii? oaeoeee. Oiio ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo c iiaeic?ith ia ieethceaii i noaiicoaaeueii o?aaeaiiy niiieo a?oa?ie iiaeiii aooe eiiieaeniei ic aeei?enoaiiyi onio aeuaiaaaaeaieo iaoiaeia iaeii/anii. Oni aeiiiiiaeii iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy ie canoiniaoaaee a iaaiie iineiaeiaiinoi, ui aeaei iiaeeeainoue neeanoe aeai?eoi, yeee aeicaiey? oeieani?yiiaaii c iiiiiaeueieie aeo?aoaie /ano aeiaaiinooaaoe ii?ooaiiy iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao, i?e/eiaie yeeo noaee ieethceaii i noaiicoaaeueii o?aaeaiiy aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia niiieo a?oa?ie. Iniaeeao oaaao neiae i?eaeieyoe iaoiaeai iaeueiaoei? i aoneoeueoaoei? noaeei oe?, nea?aai ia o?aiceoi?ii-i?ia?anoth/ee oa?aeoa? iaa?ieiai/iiai aeaoioeeoo, ei?ioei/aniee aoaeo iaaeeeaiaioiciiai eieoaaiiy oai?eo. Ia ianooiiiio aoaii iaiaoiaeiei ? i?iaaaeaiiy OCAeA oa AA, ui aea? ciiao nai?/anii iia"ycaoe aeieeiaiiy ioaii? c ieethceaieie i noaiicoaaeueieie o?aaeaiiyie aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia ea?ioeae. Iiae /an aecia/aiiy oaeoeee iiaeaeueoi? i?ioieaeoeee i eieoaaiiy, cie?aia o ?aci ae?ioaiiy ieoaiiy uiaei oi?o?ai/iiai ao?o/aiiy aeoaea aaaeeeaeie ? aeaii ssI?O i EO. Ie ii?iaiyee aoaeoeaiinoue eieoaaiiy a aeaio a?oiao oai?eo. Ia?oa a?oia - oai?i, yei io?eiaee eiiieaenia eieoaaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi oi?o?ai/iiai eieoaaiiy (60 oai?eo) i ae?oaa a?oia - oai?i, yei io?eiaee eeoa iaaeeeaiaioicia eieoaaiiy (60 oai?eo). Oi?o?ai/io ei?aeoeith oea?aa?aeueiiai e?iaioieo i?iaiaeeee oeyoii ?aeiino?oeoeaieo iia?aoeie ia niiieo a?oa?iyo, ni?yiiaaieo ia onoiaiiy aeaoi?iaoei? noaeeie, ui oo?oaeithaaea e?iaioie i i?ecaiaeeea aei aeieeiaiiy ioaii/iiai ii?ooaiiy. Oeei caaacia/oaaany aaeaeaaoiee iiceiaee e?iaiiaia i iiaeaeuoaaany ?aca?a eieaoa?aeueiiai e?iaiiaiao. Aeai? iaoiaeo iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy aecia/aa iae?ioi?o?a ic o?aooaaiiyi oeio aeaoi?iaoei? noaeeie, ?? ?iaiy, eieaeicaoei?, oi?ie i eieaeicaoei? aiaieua iioa?eoo ia ssI?O i EO, ?aca?ao eieaoa?aeueiiai e?iaiiaiao i ooieoeiiiaeueii? cia/ouinoi onio a?oa?ie. Iaaeeeaiaioicia eieoaaiiy ia?aaeaa/aei ii?iaeicaoeith AO, iieiioaiiy na?oeaai? aeiyeueiinoi, nai?/ania i aaeaeaaoia iiiiaeaiiy iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao, ei?aeoeith ?aieiai/ieo aeanoeainoae e?iai, iieiioaiiy iie?ioee?eoeyoei? oa eieaoa?aeueiiai e?iaiiaiao, ii?iaeicaoeith iaoaaieicio iiceo, caiiaiaaiiy ?icaeoeiai iaa?yeo iiceo, cieaeaiiy aioo?ioiuei/a?aiii? aiia?oaici?, iieiioaiiy aaiiciiai aiaeoieo e?iai, onoiaiiy aaaaoaoeaii-noaeeiieo ?iceaaeia. Ca aieii, noaooth, iniiaiei caoai?thaaiiyi i noiooiueith iaoieiai?th, oa?aeoa?ii ioaii? i eeiii/ieie a?oiaie oai?i, yei io?eiaee eeoa iaaeeeaiaioicia eieoaaiiy, aoee ii?iaiyii (p<0,05) c a?oiith iia?iaaieo oai?eo i iaee iaioee nooiiiue noaiico. I?iaaaeaia niinoa?aaeaiiy aeyaeei aenieo aoaeoeaiinoue oi?o?ai/iiai eieoaaiiy ioaiie aieiaiiai iiceo i?e ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo o?aaeaiiyo aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia ANA: aiaeiiaeaiiy ?ooiaeo ii?ooaiue niinoa?iaaeinue o 48,4% oai?eo, ?iceaaeia /ooeeaino? - o 82%, ii?ooaiue iiae - o 10% oai?eo, cieeiaiiy noaeii - niinoa?iaaeinue o 100% oai?eo. Ioaea, iiaeia cacia/eoe cia/iee ?aa?an ii?ooaiue /ooeeaino?, cieeiaiiy noaeii. Iaeaieueo noieei caa?iaaeeny ?ooiai ii?ooaiiy. Ioeiiea aiaeaeaeaieo ?acoeueoaoia oi?o?ai/iiai eieoaaiiy aeyaeea iiceoeaio aeeiaiieo o 75% aeiaaeeia. Iaee?aui ?acoeueoaoe aoee io?eiaii o oai?eo, yei aei eieoaaiiy iaee eeoa IIIE (28,3%) aai II c iaa?oaei iaa?ieiai/iei aeaoioeeoii i iaa?oaeie ciiiaie ia EO i ssI?O, oa c aiaiia?aoi/ii aeyaeaieie eieaoa?aeyie. Cai?ioiee ?icaeoie iaa?ieiai/ii? neiioiiaoeee i?ioyaii ?ieo iiney oi?o?ai/iiai ao?o/aiiy niinoa?iaaany o 23,3% oai?eo. O 10% oai?eo iiiioiiai aoaeoo aiae eieoaaiiy ia aoei oa niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ieie aeyaeei, ui i?ioyaii 3-5 ?ieia noai caeeoaany noaaieueiei, IIIE i iiaoi?ii II aoee aiaenooiiie. Ioaea, iia?aoeiy oi/ i ia iieiioeea noaio, iaeiae ia aoea aac?acoeueoaoiith oiio, ui iineea i?ioieaeoe/iee oa?aeoa?, caiiaiaath/e iiaoi?iei ioaii/iei aoaeai. Aecia/aii iiceoeaiee aieea ia iaa?ieiai/iee noaoon iiaoi?ieo eo?nia noaeeiii? oa?aii? i i?aia?aoia, ui iie?auothoue i?ioeane iaoaaieicio, yei i?iaiaeeee iiney iia?aoeaiiai eieoaaiiy. Oae, o 24 oai?eo, yeei ?aaoey?ii i?iaiaeeee eo?ne iaaeeeaiaioiciiai eieoaaiiy eeiii/iiai i?ia?anoaaiiy noaeeiii? iaoieiai? ia niinoa?iaaeiny. I?ioa o 11 oai?eo o aiaeaeaeaiee ia?iiae niinoa?iaaeiny i?ia?anoaaiiy aeenoee?eoeyoi?ii? aioeaoaeiiaoi?, ui iia"ycaii c oa?aeoa?ii iniiaiiai caoai?thaaiiy. Aeenoee?eoeyoi?ia aioeaoaeiiaoiy i?ia?anoaaea caeaaeii aiae ae?aaeaiinoi aiia?oiii/ii? oai?iae i oea?aa?aeueiiai aoa?ineea?ico, na?aeoeaai-noaeeiii? oa eaaaiaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi. Ioeiiea aiaeaeaeaieo ?acoeueoaoia iaaeeeaiaioicii? oa?aii? aeyaeea, ui noai caeeoeany noaaieueiei o 45% oai?eo. I?iaaaeaia iaaeeeaiaoicia oa?aiiy aeicaieeea noaaieicoaaoe noai oai?eo i iieiioeoe ?o iaa?ieiai/iee noaoon: aiaeiiaeaiiy ?ooiaeo ii?ooaiue niinoa?iaaeinue o 31,7% oai?eo, ?iceaaeia /ooeeaino? - o 73,4%, ii?ooaiue iiae - o 1,7% oai?eo, cieeiaiiy noaeii niinoa?iaaeinue o 6,7% oai?eo. Ioaea, iaeaieueo iiaiei aoei aiaeiiaeaiiy ?iceaaeia /ooeeaino?, iaeaieueo noieei caa?iaaeeny ?ooiai ii?ooaiiy i ?iceaaee iiae. Iaaioue iiney eiiieaeniiai eieoaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi aaciaeoeaieo i?aia?aoia, iiio?iiia, aioaiiiia a?oie A, EOE, iannaaeo oei iieacieee i?aeoe/ii ia ciiithaaeenue. I?e II, ni?e/eiaieo ia?aaeiaie i iiaeiaaeaiiyie ANA, o ?aci nai?/aniiai i iiaiioeiiiiai eiina?aaoeaiiai eieoaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi aaiiaeeiaiiee, iaa?ieiai/ia neiioiiaoeea ?aa?anoaaea cia/ii oaeaeoa, iiae o ?aci aoa?ineea?ioe/iiai noaiico, o?iiaicia ANA, oia?ii"ycaaeo aeenieacie. I?ioa aiaeiiia eiiieaenii? oa?aii? ciia caaino?thaaea ia?aaia caoai?thaaiiy i i?ecaiaeeea aei iiaoi?ieo ii?ooaiue iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao (IIIE - o 15% oai?eo, II - o 20% oai?eo). Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui aieiaia i?e/eia caoai?thaaiiy (ieethceaia aai noaiicoaaeueia o?aaeaiiy) ia eieaiaeo?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith iaaeeeaiaioiciiai eieoaaiiy. Aiaeii/an o 20% oai?eo aiaecia/aii iineeaiiy i?iyaia aeenoee?eoeyoi?ii? aioeaoaeiiaoi? i iaaeinoaoiinoi e?iaiiaiao a aa?oaa?aeueii-aaceey?iiio aanaeii, ui iia"ycaii c oa?aeoa?ii iniiaiiai caoai?thaaiiy. I?e/iio o anio oeeo oai?eo aei eieoaaiiy niinoa?iaaeiny ii?aeiaia o?aaeaiiy niiieo i o?aaoeaaeo a?oa?ie. Oaeei /eiii, aiaeic ?acoeueoaoia iia?aoeaii? ei?aeoei? o?aaeaiue aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia noaeei ea?ioeaeiiai aanaeio oai?eo 1-? a?oie oa eiina?aaoeaii? oa?aii? oai?eo 2-? a?oie canaiae/ea, ui iiaoi?iee II na?aae iaiia?iaaieo oai?eo cono?i/aany a 3 ?ace /anoioa (?<0,05), iiae na?aae iia?iaaieo, a iiaoi?ii IIIE aeieeaee eeoa o iaiia?iaaieo oai?eo. Ioaea, iaaeeeaiaioicia oa?aiiy ii?ooaiue iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao o ?aci ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo o?aaeaiue aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia noaeei ea?ioeaeiiai aanaeio iaaeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaia, ineieueee no/anii oa?ii?aia?aoe ia iiaeooue eieaiaeoaaoe a?oao aeaoi?iaoeith noaeeie. Iaonoiaii ieethceaii oa noaiicoaaeueii o?aaeaiiy aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo noaeei ea?ioeaeiiai aanaeio ni?e/eiythue iiaoi?ii II, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiaaeiaeecaoe?? oai?eo. Eieoaaiiy oai?eo ic ioaiiyie iiceo aianeiaeie ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo o?aaeaiue aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia niiieo a?oa?ie iiaeiii aooe eiiieaeniei i aeeth/aoe iaaeeeaiaioicio oa?aiith, aeiiiaiaio oi?o?ai/iei ao?o/aiiyi, ni?yiiaaiei ia onoiaiiy aeaoi?iaoei? noaeei aai o?iiaia. Nai?/anii i?iaaaeaia oi?o?ai/ia eieoaaiiy (aei aeieeiaiiy oyaeeeo ioaii/ieo iinoeueoia, yei i?ecaiaeyoue aei iiaaeiaeecaoei? oai?eo) aeicaiey? iaeaieueo aaeaeaaoii aiaeiiaeoe iiceiaee e?iaiiaia i noa? iaaeieiith i?ioieaeoeeith aino?i? oa o?iii/ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao. AENIIAEE 1. Ieioui ii?ooaiiy iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao oa ioaii/iee iinoeueo na?aae inia iieiaeiai i na?aaeiueiai aieo a 55% aeiaaeeia iaoiiaeaii ieethceaieie i noaiicoaaeueieie i?ioeanaie aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia iaaino?aeueieo a?oa?ie aieiae. 2. Aeiaaiinoeea ci?i oea?aa?aeueii? aaiiaeeiaiiee o oai?eo c ioaii/ieie ii?ooaiiyie aieiaiiai iiceo, iniaeeai o ?aci o?aiceoi?ii-i?ia?anoth/iai ia?aaiao oai?iae oa ianoieeiai aoaeoo iaaeeeaiaioicii? oa?aii?, iiaeiia aacoaaoeny ia eiiieaeniiio eeiiiei-iino?oiaioaeueiiio ianoaaeaiii iaoei?ioia ic aeei?enoaiiyi oeueo?acaoeiai? aeiiie??ia?aoi?, eiii"thoa?ii? oiiia?aoi?, yaea?ii-iaaiioii-?aciiainii? oiiia?aoi?, a i?e iio?aa? - aiaiia?aoi?. 3. I?iaaaeaii aeineiaeaeaiiy oa aeaii eaoaiiaco naiae/aoue i?i ia?aaaao eiiieaeniiai eieoaaiiy oai?eo c ioaii/ieie ii?ooaiiyie iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao, ni?e/eiaieie ieethceaieie i noaiicoaaeueieie i?ioeanaie aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia noaeei ea?ioeaeiiai aanaeio, yea aeeth/a? iaaeeeaiaioicio oa?aiith aeiiiaiaio oi?o?ai/iei ao?o/aiiyi, ni?yiiaaiei ia onoiaiiy i?e/eie, ui oo?oaeith? e?iaioie. 4. Aoaeoeaiinoue eieoaaiiy oai?eo c ioaii/ieie ii?ooaiiyie iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao, ni?e/eiaieie ieethceaieie i noaiicoaaeueieie o?aaeaiiyie aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia ANA o ?aci aeei?enoaiiy iia?aoeaii? ei?aeoei? noaeeie noaiiaeea 75%, aac oi?o?ai/iiai ao?o/aiiy - 45%. 5. Iiaoi?iee ioaii/iee iinoeueo na?aae iia?iaaieo oai?eo aiaecia/aii o 6,7% aeiaaeeia, na?aae iaiia?iaaieo - o 20%. Iiaoi?ii ieioui ii?ooaiiy iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao ia cono?i/aeeny na?aae iia?iaaieo oai?eo (oa?iii niinoa?aaeaiiy 5 ?ieia) oa iaee i?noea o 15% iaiia?iaaieo oai?eo. 6. .Iaa?oioiaaiei e?eoa?i?i iai?aaeaiiy oai?eo ia iia?aoeaia eieoaaiiy o ?aci anoaiiaeaiiy ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo o?aaeaiue aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia ANA ? ieioui ii?ooaiiy iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao, ia?aianaii ioaii/ii iinoeueoe c iaa?oaith iaa?ieiai/iith neiioiiaoeeith, a oaeiae e?eoe/ii noaiice. 7. Iia?aoeaii ao?o/aiiy o ?aci ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo i?ioeania aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia niiieo a?oa?ie iai?aaeaii ia i?ioieaeoeeo iiaoi?ieo ioaii/ieo ii?ooaiue iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao. - NIENIE IIOAEIEIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOeI? 1. Naeaciueiaa O.?. Ia?niaeoeaiinoue oi?o?ai/ieo iaoiaeia eieoaaiiy oai?eo c ieioueie ii?ooaiiyie iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao, coiiaeaieie noaiicii oa ieethci?th aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia niiieo a?oa?ie // Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/iee /aniien.- 1998.- N1(3).- N.103-105. 2. Cicoey I.N., Iieiuoe I.?., Neieoeueeee N.I., Oeeeiiiaa A.I., Naeaciueiaa O.?., Cicoey A.I. Eeiiiei-no?oeoo?ii ciiie aieiaiiai iiceo i?e oea?aa?iaaneoey?iie iaaeinoaoiinoi // Eiea?nueea ni?aaa.- 1997.- N4.- N.131-133. 3. Cicoey I.N., Naeaciueiaa O.?. Eaoaiiac oai?eo c ii?ooaiiyie iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao i?e noaiicoth/eo i ieethcoth/eo o?aaeaiiyo aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia aioo?ioiuei? niiii? a?oa?i?, yei eieoaaeenue oi?o?ai/ii i iaiia?iaaieo oai?eo // Eiea?nueea ni?aaa.- 1998.- N3.- N.102-105. 4. Cicoey I.N., Naeaciueiaa O.?., Cicoey A.I., Aii/a?oe I.I. Ii?iaiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aiaeaeaeaieo ?acoeueoaoia iaaeeeaiaioiciiai i oi?o?ai/iiai eieoaaiiy iiaoi?ieo ioaiie ea?ioeaeiiai aanaeio i?e noaiicoth/eo i ieethcoth/eo o?aaeaiiyo aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia aieiae // Atheaoaiue Oe?a?inueei? Anioeiaoei? Iae?ioi?o?aia.- Aeione 6.- Ee?a, 1998.- N.74-75. 5. Naeaciueiaa O.?. Eaoaiiac oai?eo c ii?ooaiiyie iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao i?e noaiicoth/eo i ieethcoth/eo o?aaeaiiyo aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia ANA, yei eieoaaeenue oi?o?ai/ii i iaiia?iaaieo oai?eo // Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue XX thaieaeii? eiioa?aioei? iieiaeeo a/aieo Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeaii? iineyaeeieiiii? inaioe IIC Oe?a?ie.- Ee?a, 1997.- N.275-282. 6. Cicoey I.N., Iieiuoe I.?., Oeeeiiaa A.I., Naeaciueiaa O.?. Aeeoa?aioeiaeueia aeiaaiinoeea no?oeoo?ii-ii?oieiai/ieo ciii i?e aeenoee?eoeyoi?ieo aioeaoaeiiaoiyo oa aeaii?eiiicoth/eo i?ioeanao ca aeaieie iaaiioii-?aciiainii? oiiia?aoi? // Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue niia?iaioieeia EIAII ii caeii/aieo oa ia?aoiaeieo IAe? ca 1990-1996 ?iee.- Ee?a, 1997.- N.271-272. 7. Naeaciueiaa O.?., *a?iieiaa I.A., Cicoey A.I. Iaoieiaiy aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo iaaino?aeueieo a?oa?ie ye i?e/eia aeieeiaiiy iiaoi?ieo aino?eo ii?ooaiue iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao // Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue niia?iaioieeia EIAII ii caeii/aieo oa ia?aoiaeieo IAe? ca 1990-1996 ?iee.- Ee?a, 1997.- N.573-574. 8. Cicoey I.N., Neieoeueeee N.I., Naeaciueiaa O.?., *a?iieiaa I.A. Aeiaaiinoeea ioaii/ieo ii?ooaiue iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao i?e ieethcoth/eo i noaiicoth/eo o?aaeaiiyo noaeei ea?ioeaeiiai aanaeio // Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue niia?iaioieeia EIAII ii.I.E.Ooieea.- Aei.7(1).- Ee?a.- 1998.- N.336-340. 9. Cicoey I.N., Naeaciueiaa O.?., Neieoeueeee N.I. Canoinoaaiiy "Iaioieneoieiio" a eiiieaeniiio eieoaaiii ii?ooaiue iiceiaiai e?iaiiaiao // Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue niia?iaioieeia EIAII ii.I.E.Ooieea.- Aei.7(2).- Ee?a.- 1998.- N.888-891. 10. Naeaciueiaa O.?., Cicoey I.C., *a?iieiaa I.A. Aoaeoeaiinoue canoinoaaiiy "Aiiiioeaoiio-Aea?ieoey" i?e oea?aa?iaaneoey?iie iaaeinoaoiinoi // Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue niia?iaioieeia EIAII ii.I.E.Ooieea.- Aei.7(2).- Ee?a.- 1998.- N.911-913. 11. Cicoey I.N., Iieiuoe I.?., Neieoeueeee N.I., Naeaciueiaa O.?. Aiaeaeaeaii ?acoeueoaoe iaaeeeaiaioiciiai i oi?o?ai/iiai eieoaaiiy iiaoi?ieo ioaiie i?e ieethcoth/eo i noaiicoth/eo i?ioeanao ea?ioeaeiiai aanaeio // Iaoa?iaee ?anioaeieainueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioei?: Aeooaeueii i?iaeaie iaaiaeeeaaeii? oi?o?ai? i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie oa o?iaaiioaeueiiai o?aeoo. - Ee?a, 1996.- N.157-159. 12. Cicoey I.N., Iieiuoe I.?., Neieoeueeee N.I., Naeaciueiaa O.?. Aeeoa?aioeieiaaia oa?aiiy iaa?yeo aieiaiiai iiceo o oai?eo, yei ciaoiaeyoueny a e?eoe/iiio noaii // Iaoa?iaee ?anioaeieainueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioei?: Aeooaeueii i?iaeaie iaaiaeeeaaeii? oi?o?ai? i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie oa o?iaaiioaeueiiai o?aeoo.- Ee?a, 1996.- N.159-160. AIIOAOeIss Naeaciueiaa O.?. "Aiaeaeaeaii ?acoeueoaoe iaaeeeaiaioiciiai oa oi?o?ai/iiai eieoaaiiy iiaoi?ieo ioaiie i?e ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo i?ioeanao ea?ioeaeiiai aanaeio".- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 14.01.15 - ia?aiai oai?iae. Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeaiiy iineyaeeieiiii? inaioe ii.I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie. Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoeiy i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi iioeiicaoei? eieoaaeueii? oaeoeee o ?aci iiaoi?ieo ioaiie aieiaiiai iiceo, yei coiiaeaii ieethceaieie oa noaiicoaaeueieie o?aaeaiiyie noaeei ea?ioeaeiiai aanaeio. Ia iiaenoaai caeieniaiiy eiiieaeno no/anieo eeiiiei-iino?oiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue iiaoi?ieo ioaiie aieiaiiai iiceo ieethceaii-noaiicoaaeueiiai aaiaco nenoaiaoeciaaii aeaii uiaei iniaeeainoae eeiii/iiai ia?aaiao aino?i? oea?aa?iaaneoey?ii? iaaeinoaoiinoi, ni?e/eiaii? ieethceaieie i noaiicoaaeueieie i?ioeanaie ANA, ?ic?iaeaii eeiii/ii e?eoa?i? aeey aeyaeaiiy i ooi/iaiiy ieethceaieo i noaiicoaaeueieo i?ioeania ANA, niinia iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiai iiaeoiaeo aei aeai?o iaaeeeaiaioiciiai oa oi?o?ai/iiai eieoaaiiy. Aacoth/enue ia ii?iaiyeueiiio aiaeici aiaeaeaeaieo ?acoeueoaoia iaaeeeaiaioiciiai oa oi?o?ai/iiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo c ioaii/ieie ii?ooaiiyie iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao, ni?e/eiaieie ieethceaieie i noaiicoaaeueieie i?ioeanaie aeno?ae?aiiaeueieo aiaeaeieia ANA, aeiaaaeaii, ui e?eoaaiiy oe??? eaoaai??? oai?eo iiaeiii aooe eiiieaeniei ? aeeth/aoe iaaeeeaiaioicio oa?ai?th, aeiiiaiaio o??o?a?/iei ao?o/aiiyi, ni?yiiaaiei ia onoiaiiy i?e/eie, ui oo?oaeith? e?iaio?e. Eeth/iai neiaa: aioo?oiy niiia a?oa??y, ieethciy, noaiic, eieoaaiiy ANNOTATION Seleznyova T.E. Remote results of drug and surgical treatment of recurrent ischemias on occlusive and stenosed processes of carodit region.- Manuscript. Thesis for candidate degree by speciality 14.01.15 - nervous diseases, Kyiv medical academy of post-graduate education named after P.Shupyk. Health Ministry of Ukraine. Kyiv,1999. The presented Thesis is devoted to the problems of optimization of treatment for recurrent ischemias of the brain which are stipulated by occlusive and stenosed demages of carotid region vessels. Implementing the complex of modern clinical and instrumental investigetion on recurrent brain ischemias of occlusive-stenosed genesis the data concerning the pecularitiesof clinical course of accute cerebrovascular insufficiency caused by occlusive and stenosed processes of intra carotid have been systematized and clinical criteria to diagnose and define more precisely the occlusive and stenosed processes of intra carotid have been devised as well as the methods of individual approach to the choice of drug and surgical treatment. The comperative analysis of remote results of drug and surgical treatment of the patients with ischemic impairment ofcerebral circulation caused by occlusive and stenosed processes in the extracranial regions of intra carotis has proved that the treatment of such patients should be complex and include drug treatment supplemented by surgical intervantio with the aim to eliminate the reasons for circulatory embarrass. Key words: intra carotid, occlusion, stenosis, treatment AIIIOAOeEss Naeaciaaa O.A. Ioaeaeaiiua ?acoeueoaou iaaeeeaiaioiciiai e oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey iiaoi?iuo eoaiee i?e ieeethce?othueo e noaiice?othueo i?ioeannao ea?ioeaeiiai aannaeia.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.15 - ia?aiua aieacie. Eeaaneay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey ei.I.E.Ooieea IC Oe?aeiu. Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iioeiecaoeee ea/aaiie oaeoeee iiaoi?iuo eoaiee aieiaiiai iicaa i?e ieeethce?othueo e noaiice?othueo i?ioeannao ea?ioeaeiiai aannaeia. N iiiiuueth eiiieaena nia?aiaiiuo eeeie/aneeo e eino?oiaioaeueiuo aeeaaiinoe/aneeo iaoiaeia nenoaiaoece?iaaiu aeaiiua ia iniaaiiinoyo eeeie/aneiai oa/aiey ino?ie oea?aa?iaaneoey?iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe iaoneiaeaiiie ieeethce?othueie e noaiice?othueie i?ioeannaie aia/a?aiiuo ioaeaeia aioo?aiiae niiiie a?oa?ee (ANA), ii?aaeaeaiu eeeie/aneea e?eoa?ee auyaeaiey e ooi/iaiey ieeethce?othueo e noaiice?othueo ii?aaeaiee ANA. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ia?aoiaeyuea ia?ooaiey iicaiaiai e?iaiia?auaiey e eoaie/aneee einoeueo o 55% aieueiuo iaoneiaeaiu ieeethce?othueie e noaiice?othueie ii?aaeaieyie aeno?ae?aieaeueiuo ioaeaeia iaaeno?aeueiuo a?oa?ee aieiau. Ii?aaeaeaia aeeaaiinoe/aneay oeaiiinoue aeiiieieoaeueiuo iaoiaeia ianeaaeiaaiey (oeueo?acaoeiaie aeiiiea?ia?aoee, yaea?ii-iaaieoii-?aciiainiie oiiia?aoee, eiiiuethoa?iie oiiia?aoee e ea?ioeaeiie aiaeia?aoee) i?e ieeethce?othueo e noaiice?othueo ii?aaeaieyo aia/a?aiiuo ioaeaeia ANA e i?aaeeiaeaia iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue eo auiieiaiey. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi oieueei eiiieaeniia eco/aiea iicaiaie aaiiaeeiaieee e eioi?iaoeey i ooieoeeiiaeueiie cia/eiinoe anao a?oa?eaeueiuo aannaeiia aieiaiiai iicaa iicaieyao i?aaeeueii ioeaieoue ninoiyiea aieueiiai e ii?aaeaeeoue iioeiaeueioth oaeoeeo ea/aiey. Ia iniiaaiee niiinoaaeoaeueiiai aiaeeca ioaeaeaiiuo ?acoeueoaoia iaaeeeaiaioiciiai e oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey 120 aieueiuo n iiaoi?iuie eoaie/aneeie ia?ooaieyie iicaiaiai e?iaiia?auaiey, iaoneiaeaiiuie ieeethce?othueie e noaiice?othueie i?ioeannaie aia/a?aiiuo ioaeaeia ANA, aeieacaii i?aeiouanoai eiiieaeniiai ea/aiey eoaiee ea?ioeaeiiai aannaeia ieeethce?othuaai e noaiice?othuaai aaiaca, eio?ia aeeth/aao iaaeeeaiaioicioth oa?aieth aeiiieiaiioth oe?o?ae/aneei aiaoaoaeuenoaii iai?aaeaiiui ia ono?aiaiea i?e/eiu, cao?oaeiythuae e?iaioie. Yooaeoeaiinoue ea/aiey aieueiuo n eoaie/aneeie ia?ooaieyie iicaiaiai e?iaiia?auaiey, iaoneiaeaiiuie ieeethce?othueie e noaiice?othueie i?ioeannaie aia/a?aiiuo ioaeaeia ANA i?e i?iaaaeaiee oe?o?ae/aneie ei??aeoeee a?oa?ee ninoaaeea 75%, aac oe?o?ae/aneiai aiaoaoaeuenoaa -45%. Iiaoi?iua eoaie/aneea einoeueou o iia?e?iaaiiuo aieueiuo ioia/aii a 6,7% neo/aaa, o iaiia?e?iaaiiuo - a 20%. Iiaoi?iua ia?aoiaeyuea ia?ooaiey iicaiaiai e?iaiia?auaiey o iia?e?iaaiiuo aieueiuo ia auyaeaiu (n?ie iaaethaeaiey 5 eao) e iaaethaeaeenue a 15% iaiia?e?iaaiiuo aieueiuo. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi naiaa?aiaiii i?iaaaeaiiia oe?o?ae/aneia ea/aiea iicaieyao iaeaieaa aaeaeaaoii ainnoaiiaeoue iicaiaia e?iaiia?auaiea e yaeyaony iaaeaaeiie i?ioeeaeoeeie iiaoi?iie ino?ie e o?iie/aneie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe iicaiaiai e?iaiia?auaiey. ?ac?aaioaia nenoaia eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai auai?a iaaeeeaiaioiciiai e oe?o?ae/aneiai iaoiaeia ea/aiey aieueiuo i?e ieeethce?othueo e noaiice?othueo i?ioeannao ea?ioeaeiiai aannaeia. Iainiiaaiiuie iieacaieyie aeey oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey ieeethce?othueo e noaiice?othueo i?ioeannia aia/a?aiiuo ioaeaeia ANA yaeythony i?aoiaeyuea ia?ooaiey iicaiaiai e?iaiia?auaiey, ia?aianaiiua eoaie/aneea einoeueou n iaa?oaie iaa?ieiae/aneie neiioiiaoeeie, e?eoe/aneea noaiicu, a oae aea neiae?ii ia?inoathuae ninoaeenoi-iicaiaie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe. Ii?aaeaeaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue i?iaaaeaiey iiaoi?iuo eo?nia iaaeeeaiaioiciie oa?aiee a aeeaeaeoai e ioaeaeaiiii ia?eiaea n oeaeueth oeo/oaiey iee?ioee?eoeyoeee e eieeaoa?aeueiiai e?iaiia?auaiey, ?aieiae/aneeo naienoa e?iae, oeo/oaiey aaiiciiai iooiea e ii?iaeecaoeee iaoaaieecia iicaa. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aioo?aiiyy niiiay a?oa?ey, ieeethcey, noaiic, ea/aiea

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