Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

Aaee?ia ssia A?eoi??aia

AAE 83.002.218.8

A 16

A?ae I.Oaeeueaea aei ?.Naaa?yi?ia:

aeiey ?a?iiaenueeiai anoaoecio

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.01.05 – ii??aiyeueia e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? o?eieia?/ii? oa eoeueoo?ieia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee aeo?iae?no?a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ia??anueea Aaeaioeia
Aeaiee?aia caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

o?eieia?/ii? oa eoeueoo?ieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aeo?iae?no?a
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
?in?enueei? o?eieia?? *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH.
Oaaeueeiae/a Iyioeo Aiaoie?e ?aaaiiae/;

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith oai??? oa
?noi??? na?oiai? ae?oa?aoo?e oa eoeueoo?e Ai?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
?inoeoooo ?iicaiieo iia Eaa?iaa Ieaia Eaii?ae?aia.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 7 aeiaoiy 1998 ?. i 12.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 08. 051.19 o
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith 320625,
i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?ia. Iaoeiaee 13, ei?i.1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe?
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «4» aa?aniy 1998 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio
O.A. Eie?nie/aiei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?enay/aia eiioeaiooaeueiiio aena?oeaiith anoaonueeiai aeina?aeo
I.Oaeeueaea oa ?.Naaa?yi?ia c iaoith aeie?aieaiiy nooi?nieo
oa?aeoa?enoee eiai oai?/i? ?aae?caoe??. Aiae?c i?e?iaee oai?/ino?
Oaeeueaea ? Naaa?yi?ia ni?eya aea/aiith aeie? ?a?iiaenueeiai anoaoecio —
oaiaeaioe??, ui ae?aceea iiaeeea?noue «naii-aeinoaoiino?» ienoaoeoaa. A
aeai?e ?iaio? c?iaeaia ni?iaa aena?oeeoe iaeiaeine?aeaeaiee, aea
i?eioeeiiai aaaeeeaee aniaeo i?aeeoeueoo?iiai
(?in?enueei-?a?iiaenueeiai) ae?aeiao ia ?oaaae? XIX ? XX noie?oue.

No/aniee noai aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie na?ae/eoue i?i ianenoaiaoe/iee,
iaeiioeaiooaeueiee i?aeo?ae, ai?ciaee/iee ?ioa?an aei anoaonueeeo
aenia?eiaio?a N??aiiai a?eo. Anoaoeci ye i/aaeaeiee oaiiiai
aeine?aeaeaiee eeoa ia iaoa??ae? cao?aeieo e?oa?aoo? (caeaa?eueoiai
aiae?enueei?); iiaioaaiiy anoaonueeeo ?aeae ?in?enueeith e?oa?aoo?ith
iiee ui caeeoa?oueny iica oaaaith e?oa?aoo?iciaa/i? iaoee.

Ni?yioaaiiy uiaei inyaiaiiy anoaoecio oa iniaeeaino? Oaeeueaea na?aae
iaoeiaoe?a ??cei icia/eeiny a na?aaeei? XX noi??//y. O 50-o? ?iee aoea
cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aiae?co Oaeeueaea a noee?noe/iiio ?aeo?n?, ia
??ai? iniaeeaiai iiaiiai Gestaltung (A.Ojala). O 70-o? ?iee
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai caa?oaeiny aei «?iii?ae?nonueeiai» aniaeoo
anoaonueeiai oaiiiaio (R.Shewan, Ch.-S.Nasaar). O 70-80-o? ?iee
aeoeaioo?oueny oi/ea ci?o ia anoaoeci ye ia aaaaoineeaaeiaee
niaoeeo?/iee nioe?ieoeueoo?iee oaiiiai (R.Spencer, R.Gagmer, J.Small).

O ?aaeyinueeiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? 50-oeo ?ie?a anoaoeci ia
aeie?aiethaaany ?c iioieo «aeaeaaeaionueeeo» a?yiue ?a?iie
(?.Eaoa?nueeee), a oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ye iaaiee caaaeueiee i?eeii. I?ioa o
80-o? ??. oaea noi?ioaaeany oyaa i?i naiino?ei?noue anoaonueei?
eiioeaioe?? ye oe?eani?yiiaaii? aeeoo?oai?/ino? (Ae.sseiaeaa,
A.Aa?oioaae/). No/ania a?o/eciyia e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai aaa/a? a anoaoeci?
iaeio ?c eeth/iaeo oaiaeaioe?e iiaea?io (A.Oi?ieueneee, I.Oeooi?ia).

E?oa?aoo?ia iniaeno?noue ?.Naaa?yi?ia noaea ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy eeoa
a e?ioe? 80-o ?ie?a, ine?eueee a ?aaeyinuee? /ane eiai oai?/?noue aoea
?aeaieia?/ii caaeieiaaia. Iaa?oue oaia? iaiaeiicia/i?noue
naaa?yi?inueei? iiaoe/ii? ia?niie oneeaaeith? ia’?eoeaiee i?aeo?ae aei
?? aena?oeaiiy. Eiioeaioe??, ui aeaaaee a oyao i?i canai?iiy oai?/iai
caeiaooeo Naaa?yi?ia, ua ia oeeaeenue, i?ioa aeineoue oe?iei iiaooothoue
ioe?ii/i? noa?aioeie, iiaoa, ye io: anoao-ai?aii (A.Oacaiia);
anoao-niaaeei?iaoeue Oaeeueaea (O.Iaaeiaa); ??ii?e, ui a?a? a ienoaoeoai
(E.?noiia, TH.Eacaaiee, A.ss?iae, I.Neey?ia, AE.Eai).

Iaoeiaoe? ia aac o?oaeiiu?a aeeoa?aioe?ththoue e?oa?aoo?io ue??noue oa
??iieth iiaoa ye neeaaeia? /eiieee iiaoeee (I.Neey?ia, A.Eacae), a
ioaea, naaa?yi?inueeee anoaoeci, eiai ??ii?y oa aaciina?aaei?noue
aeiaaathoue iaa?oiooaaiiy a iaaeao ?aeeii? eiioeaioe??.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeaia i?aeaeuaiith oaaaith
e?oa?aoo?i-ciaanoaa uiaei oaiiiaio e?oa?aoo?ii-iiaooiai?
aeeoo?oai?/ino?, ui oi?ioaaeanue a i?aeeoeueoo?ieo ca’yceao ?
aca?iiae?yo; aeoeaii aecia/athoueny anoaoe/i? aeii?iaioe oa oa?aeoa?i?
niiniae eiai iiaoooaaiiy. AEeoo?oai?/? ni?yioaaiiy, yeeie aoa i?iiecaiee
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeee ? ?in?enueeee iiaea?i, ?icaeaaeenue a o?niiio
ae?aeic?, aca?iiaieeaao ? iino?ei?e ?aoeaen??. A iiaea?i?nonuee?e
aeeoo?oai?/ino? aec??aaea oaiaeaioe?y aei i?iaeoeoaaiiy ?i?aeaeo —
nai???aeii? ia?nii?o?eiaaii? ?aeeaie aeanieo ia?aeiiaiue. O
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeooae?co?oueny aeineoue nooo?aa aeey no/anii?
ianiai? eoeueoo?e i?iaeaia, ine?eueee aena?oeth?oueny iaeei ?c aeo?aeieo
aoai?a iiaioaaiiy ienoaoeoaa ?i?aeaeo oa anoaoecaoe?? ooee?oa?iiai.
Oai?/? aeine?aeaeaiiy I.Oaeeueaea oa ?.Naaa?yi?ia a oeueiio ieai? ?
iniaeeai i?ei?oieie, oiio ui aeiaie? i?ea?iaeueii ? ??ciiieaiiai
ia?ainieneeee ? noi?ioaaee iaea?eueo ?aaeeeaeuei? i?aoaic??
aeeoo?oai?oe?a-anoao?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie ? oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeany a ?one? iaoeiaiai ieaio eaoaae?e o?eieia?/ii? oa
eoeueoo?ieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aeo?iae?no?a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
? aeie?aieaiiy iniiaieo iiaeaeae ?noi?e/iiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy anoaoecio a
?a?ii? ? ?in??, aecia/aiiy eeth/iaeo iiiaio?a oai?/ino? Oaeeueaea oa
Naaa?yi?ia — caaa?oaeueieo ao?eaiue anoaonueei? oaiaeaioe?? a ??cieo
eoeueoo?ieo na?aaeiaeuao.

Aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

— inieneeoe anoaoeci ye i?aai?/ia yaeua cao?aeii?a?iiaenueei? eoeueoo?e
ia iaaiiio ?noi?e/iiio aoai?;

— iae?aneeoe ?noi??th i?euaieaiiy aei ?in?enueei? eoeueoo?e
aeaiae?nonueeeo oa anoaonueeeo ?aeae o ?o aca?iiaeiiiaiaiiino?;

— aeine?aeeoe iaoai?cie aeieeiaiiy ? ao?eaiiy e?oa?aoo?ii? iiaee ia
Oaeeueaea a aiioo N??aiiai a?eo ? o?ainoi?iaoe?? oaeeueae?anueeeo ?aeae
a ?in?enueeiio eoeueoo?iiio na?aaeiaeu?;

— aeyaeoe ?noi?e/io ? eoeueoo?io iaoiiaeai?noue naaa?yi?inueei?
oai?/ino? a eiioaeno? ?in?enueeiai iiaea?io;

— aeie?aieoe anoaonueei-aeeoo?oai?/ee oei ooaeiaeieea a na?oe?
?a?iiae-nueei? oa ?in?enueei? o?aaeeoe?? oa eiai no?oeoo?i? /eiieee;

— aea/eoe aianie Oaeeueaea ? Naaa?yi?ia uiaei ?ic?iaee icia/aiiai oeio
ooaeiaeieea;

— ni?aa?aeianoe oai?/? nenoaie Oaeeueaea ? Naaa?yi?ia c iaoith aeyaeaiiy
iiaeeeaiai nooi?niiai noiaeaeaiiy;

— ?icaeyiooe aaoi?nuee? ooaeiaei? nenoaie a yeino? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
aeaiai-o?a uiaei ni?aa?aeiinaiino? ?o eoeueoo?ieo oii?a (?a?iiaenueeiai
oa ?in?e-

nueeiai).

Ia’aeoaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aecia/i? iaea?eueo
«anoaonuee?» oai?e I.Oaeeueaea oa ?.Naaa?yi?ia: ?iiai «The Picture of
Dorian Gray» («Ii?o?ao Aei??aia A?ay») aiae?enueeiai anoaoa, a oaeiae
iiaoe/ia ca??ea «A?iiieeiyuee eoaie» ?in?enueeiai aaoi?a (?iaeiaa
iani?aa?aeiinai?noue oai??a aei?aaaeiao?oueny oa?aeoa?iei i?ia?aiiei
cia/aiiyi ?o o oai?/ino? iacaaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo iaeno??a).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa a
a?o/eciyiiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? c?iaeaia ni?iaa aeie?aieoe iiaeae?
eoeueoo?ii? ?aae?caoe?? anoaonueeeo ?aeae a ?noi?eei-ooieoe?iiaeueiiio ?
oeiieia?/iiio aena?oeaii?, aia?oa aeine?aeaeo?oueny iiaeeea?noue
?icaeoeo anoaoecio ia ?in?enueeiio a?oio?; aiae?co?oueny i?o i?i
ienueiaiieea-anoaoa (I.Oaeeueaea) ye niinia canai?iiy eiai iaaeaaiiy ia
??cieo ??aiyo /eoaoeueeiai caaaeo ? a ??ci? ia??iaee /ano;
iaa?oioiao?oueny iai?aaii??i?noue ioe?ii/iiai noa?aioeio iniaenoino?
Naaa?yi?ia ye «?in?enueeiai Oaeeueaea».

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe?
iaoiaeeee aiae?co e?oa?aoo?iiai iaaeaaiiy, ui ia? aeeoo?oai?/ee
oa?aeoa?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaiey? nooo?ai ?icoe?eoe oyao uiaei
ni?yiiaaiino? ? aiioeaiaaiino? e?oa?aoo?ieo iiooe?a N??aiiai a?eo.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e /eoaii? eaeoe?e,
niaoeeo?n?a ? niaoenai?ia??a c ?noi??? ?in?enueei? ? ca?oa?aeii?
e?oa?aoo?e, i?e iaienaii? aeeieiiieo ? eo?niaeo ?ia?o, a oaeiae i?e
/eoaii? oaeoeueoaoeaieo eo?n?a c ?noi??? ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e a
na?aaei?e oeie?.

Aeena?oaoe?y ? iniaenoei aianeii caeiaoaa/a uiaei ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie
aaaaoia?aiiino? ooaeiaeiuei? naiiae?aciino? oa anoaoecaoe?? ae?eniino?,
oi?ioaaiiy eiioeaiooaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?/ino?
?.Naaa?yi?ia a na?oe? ?in?enueeeo ?aoeaen?a c i?eaiaeo ?a?iiaenueeiai
anoaoecio.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?thaaeany ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e o?eieia?/ii? oa eoeueoo?ieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
aeo?iae?no?a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo. Iaoa??aee
aeena?oaoe?? aoee ai?iaiaai? ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
«O?aioe?y oa Oe?a?ia: iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae o eiioaeno? ae?aeiao
iaoe?iiaeueieo eoeueoo?» (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996, 1997); V E?einueeeo
i?aeia?iaeieo oiaeueianueeeo /eoaiiyo «?onneay eeoa?aoo?a e ?inneeneia
ca?oaaaeuea: ia?aeeaee e ia?ana/aiey» (Aeoooa, 1996); i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? «I.I.Aaooei e i?iaeaiu ?acaeoey aeeaeiae/aneiai iuoeaiey a
nia?aiaiiie eoeueoo?a» (Aeiiaoeuee, 1996); i?aenoieiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo (1995, 1996, 1997).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a 4-o noaooyo, oacao 4-o
aeiiia?aeae.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ?
nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (171 iacaa). ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 198
noi??ieao iniiaiiai oaenoo.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??. O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie
aeena?oaoe??, ?? aeooaeuei?noue, iaoeiaa iiaecia, aecia/a?oueny iaoa ?
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, aena?oeth?oueny noai aeine?aeaeaiiino? oaie,
?ice?eaa?oueny iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aeaiiino?o?oueny ai?iaaoe?y iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue ?iaioe.

Ia?oee ?icae?e «Aaiacen anoaoecio» i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith
noaiiaeaiiy anoaonueeeo ?aeae ? i?aeaioiaee eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai
i?aea?oioy aeey ?icaeoeo aeacaiiai oaiiiaio. ?icae?e neeaaea?oueny c
o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a.

O i?ae?icae?e? «Naiiaecia/aiiy eaoaai??? i?ae?aniiai» ?icaeyaea?oueny
aaiethoe?y ?a?iiaenueeeo oyaeaiue i?i i?ae?ania oa ?o ca’ycie c
?icaeoeii iniaenoiai ia/aea a ienoaoeoa?. Aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy
oaeiai i?aeoiaeo i/aaeaeia, ine?eueee i?ae?ania ? iniiaiith aeii?iaioith
anoaonueei? o?einio??. Iiaeeaeaia ?icoi?iiy iaoiiaeaiino?
aaniethoecaoe?? e?ane ia?aaeaa/a? iiaoaiiee aiae?c nainoaeueii?
ci?noiaiino? i?ae?aniiai. sse a?aeiii, any aioe/ia anoaoeea ?icaeaaeany
a aaciina?aaei?e i???ioaoe?? ia i?ae?ania ye ia iaaiee aoaeii
nooi?niiai. A oeae ia??iae iaea?eueo /?oei ae??ciythoueny aaaeii?noe/ia
(e??aia?ee, ai?eo?aeoe?), ?aeaae?noe/ia (Ieaoii), oi?iaeueia
(A?enoioaeue) oaiaeaioe?? a inieneaii? i?ae?aniiai, ui iaia’yceiai
ni?aa?aeiineoueny c ethaenueeith iio?aaith a iueiio. Iinooiiai
ona?aeiieth?oueny aeeoo?i?aai?coth/a iioaioe?y i?ae?aniiai, i?ioa
?aii?o?oueny iniaenoee aniaeo o noai?aii? e?ane.

Ia?ao?ae icia/aii? eaoaai??? e??cue iaiieaoii?ci a na?aaeiueia?/io
anoaoeeo iia’ycaiee c aeyaeaiiyi a i?e iniaenoi nae?aeueiiai ia/aea ye
i?iaeoeoth/iai (Aaaonoei Aeaaeaiiee).

?aianain nooo?ai iiiiaiea ethaenueeith ci?noiai?noth oyao ye i?i
i?ae?ania, oae ? i?i ienoaoeoai a oe?eiio. Ethaeeia ia o?eueee
iaae?ey?oueny i?aaii oai?eoe e?ano, aea aiaeii/an o nai?e ooaeiaei?e
anaiiaooiino? i?e??aith?oueny aei Aiaa. Aecia/aiiy oeoai?/iiai ?noaa
ooaeiaeieea a?aee?eaa? eiio iiaeeea?noue aeoiaeo ca iaae? o?aaeeoe?eii?
o?enoeyinueei? ii?ae? ? iaaiith i??ith ca?eueiy? i?ae?ania c-i?ae aeaaee
aoe/ii? ii?iaoeaiino?.

Eeaneoeeci caocea oyao i?i i?ae?ania, aeoeaiooth/e eiai aeanoeaino?
ii?aeueiiai c?acea aeey noni?euenoaa, i?ioa, i?ae ?ioei, ni?eya
oi?iaeuei?e ?ic?iaoe? iiiyooy.

A ia??iae Aaoiaa?oaia ? Eaioa i?ae?ania a?aeie?aieth?oueny a?ae
aoe/iiai; aaoiiii?co?oueny ? naia noa?a anoaoe/iiai.

?iiaioeee aeooae?coaaee aeeoo?oai?/a ?icoi?iiy i?ae?aniiai,
iiaa?oath/enue aei neioaco aoe/iiai oa anoaoe/iiai. I?aeianaiiy ieie
i?ae?aniiai ye aeaea?aea ianieiaee niiioeaei iiceoea?nonueeo anoaoeeo
cina?aaeeoe oaaao ia o?c?ieia?/ieo, ineoieia?/ieo iaoai?ciao ni?eeiyooy
e?ane ? iaea?aeaiiy anoaoe/iiai caaeiaieaiiy.

Anoaoeci e?ioey XIX noie?ooy iia?e?co? iaeiie/ai? nienee i?ae?aniiai,
i?iaieiooth/e eiai eoeueo ? iicaoaath/enue aoe/iiai aniaeoo oa
i?ieeaioth/e ?iaeea?aeoae?nonueeo anaaeicaieai?noue.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? «Aeaiae?ci ye ia?oee aeina?ae anoaonueei?
i?aeoeee» ?icaeyaea?oueny oaiiiai ?a?iiaenueeiai aeaiae?cio XIX no. o
iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo eiai ao?eaiiyo ? eiai ceeooy c anoaonueeith
o?einio??th.

Aeaiae?ci aeoeaii oi?ioaaany o iaaeao ?iiaioe/ieo aeeoo?oai?/eo
ni?yioaaiue ? ca i?e?iaeith nai?th aoa nooi aiae?enueeei yaeuai, ui
ia?iaeaeoaaeinue a a?aie/i?e neooaoe?? iiooe?a ooaeiaeiuei?
naii?aae?caoe?? ?iiaioee?a oa a?ia?o?ioiaaiiai eoeueoo aeaeaioeueiaia.
Iinooiiai ?iciianthaeaeoth/enue a ?a?ii?, aeaiae?ci ciaeoia nai?
iiaooiaa ? e?oa?aoo?ia ao?eaiiy. E?oa?aoo?iee aeaiae?ci ia?aaeaa/aa
i???ioaoe?th ooaeiaeieea ia aeaiae?nonueeee niin?a aeeooy
(aeaiiino?aoe?th ?i?aeaeo a?enoie?aoe/ii? aeoii/aiino? ? ?ic/a?oaaiiy),
aeaeea?aoe?th a?aeiia?aeieo ?aeae ? noai?aiiy ia?ac?a aeaiae? a
ooaeiaei?o oai?ao. I?aaenoaaieeaie «e?oa?aoo?iiai» aeaiae?cio iiaeia
aaaaeaoe Aeae.-A.Aae?iia, A.Aoeueaa?-E?ooiia, A.Ae?c?aae?. Iiiaio
caoiieaiiy aeaiae?ciii ia?aaeeee I.aea Aaeuecae, A.Ii oa ?i.

O ae?oa?e iieiaei? XIX no. aeaiae?ci oaea i?aoaiaeoaaa ia ?ieue
o?einio?? aa?i?/ii? ? ae?oii?. ?yaee aeaiae? iiiiaiththoueny
i?aaenoaaieeaie na?aaei?o i?ioa?e?a noni?euenoaa. Iine?aeiaiee aeaiae?ci
aeyaeany ni?aaaei?i aei?iaoaaiiyi ia a?enoie?aoeci aeooo (i?e
a?aenooiino? ?iaeiaeoino?).

Aeaiae? ae?oai? iieiaeie XIX no. (O.Aiaeea?, A.Ae’I?a?eue?,
A.E?eue-Aaeai) iaea?eueo aeecuee? aei ia?aco
ia?oeene/ii-naiiaeinoaoiueiai aa?iy-ooaeiaeieea.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? «Aiae?enueeee anoaoeci ae?oai? iieiaeie XIX
no.» a?aeoai?th?oueny «anoaonueea» neooaoe?y, ui neeaeany a Aiae?? ia
/an aeoiaeo Oaeeueaea ia e?oa?aoo?io a?aio. Ie?aneththoueny iniiai?
aanea i?ea?/iee?a anoaonueeiai ?ooo:

— eoeueo aeanii? iniaenoino? oa i?iaieioaiiy ?iii?aeueiino?;

— aaniethoecaoe?y i?ae?aniiai;

— noa’?eoeai?noue uiaei oai?/iai aeoo ? ni?eeiyooy ienoaoeoaa.

Aiae?enueeee anoaoeci ia?aa oeyo cai?ioiiai iai?yieo: a?ae «oeoeo»
aaaeii?noe/ieo i?iiiceoe?e O.Iaeoa?a («eaa?iaoiiai» anoaoa) aei
ioae?/ieo, aeaeiaeuieo aenooi?a Aeae.O?noea?a oa I.Oaeeueaea.
Ia?aoiieaoe aeaiaeenonueeo anoaoaoo a iiiaio cai?oaiiy, onai?oiaiiy
aeaiae?cio, anoaoe 90-o ??. XIX no., iiaa?oathoue eiai iaee//yi aei
oe?ieiai caaaeo, oei nai?i caaeiaieueiyth/e aeiiae ianiai? eoeueoo?e. A
oe?e neooaoe?? i?iyaey?oueny iaeia c aioeiii?e anoaoecio: «ienoaoeoai
aeey ienoaoeoaa» iio?aao? a?aeiia?aeii? ?aaeoe?? ianiaiai ?aoeei??ioa.
Oaeeueae /e ia iaeiiai?oa ae?acea ci?noiai?noue «ioae?/iino?», na?aeiii
?iaey/e naith a?ia?ao?th i?aaeiaoii caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiai iaaiai?aiiy.
?noi??y anoaoecio aeiaeueiaoaaeanue ye c?o/iee ia’?eo aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeoo oiai, ye aeniea ienoaoeoai ao?a/a? nai? iiceoe??.

?icae?e II «Anoaonuee? ?aea? oa ?o ?aoeaene ia ?in?enueeiio a?oio?»
aeine?aeaeo? icia/aio i?iaeaio a aniaeo? ?in?enueei-?a?iiaenueeiai
eoeueoo?iiai ae?aeiao.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? «Aeaiae?ci ? ?in?enueea eoeueoo?ia o?aaeeoe?y»
?icaeyaea?oueny niaoeeo?ea oi?ioaaiiy ?i?aeaeo ? e?oa?aoo?iiai oeio
aeaiae? XIX no.

O ?in?? aeaiae?ci iinoa? ye iaeia c oi?i aeyao aae?ii?cio —
e?oa?aoo?ii-iiaooiaiai caoiieaiiy, ui ioiieei /eoaoeueeo aoaeeoi??th.
I?ioa iine?aeiaieo aeaiae? ?in?enueea e?oa?aoo?ia na?aaeiaeua ia
cao?enoaaei: aoea eeoa iaaia aeaieia a?yiiyi /ano. Oith /e ?ioith i??ith
aei iueiai aoee i?e/aoi? Iooe?i, *aaaea?a, Ea?iiioia. *e ia iaeyne?aa?oa
aeaiae?ci ao?eeany o a?aeiia?aeiiio e?oa?aoo?iiio oei?, a ia?aaeeai?
Iiaa?i — Ia/i??i — ?aenueeee. I?e oeueiio ia/i??inueeee ia?ac ciaiaio?
ia?aeiiiee iiiaio ia?aaeeaaiiy ?in?enueeei eoeueoo?iei caaaeii
iiaaae?ieiaiai noa?aioeio aeaiae?, yeee ia ?in?enueeiio a?oio? iaa
o?aa?/ia caaa?aeaiiy.

Ia?ac ?aenueeiai (?iiai ?.Aii/a?iaa «Ia?ea») aeoeaiooaaa i?iaeaio aoooy
ooaeiaeieea i?ioan?iiaea. A oeueiio ia?niiaae?, ii??aiyii c eiai
e?oa?aoo?ieie iiia?aaeieeaie, a?eueo iayaia noeeuei?noue aei
anoaoeciaaiiiai ni?eeiyooy na?oo, aei i?iaaaeaiiy a aeeooy caeii?a
ienoaoeoaa. O oaeee niin?a a?ae?iaeeeany aaciina?aaei?noue o noinoieao
i?ae ieooeai ? ?aaeuei?noth, i?eoaiaiia anoaoeoe? ?iiaioecio ? yei?
iicaaaeaii neaioe/ieo Iiaa?ia oa Ia/i??ia.

Ia?niiaae, noeeueiee aei anoaonoaoaaiiy a ?in?enuee?e e?oa?aoo?? aoa
nai???aeiith iiaeeo?eaoe??th «caeai? ethaeeie». A?aoo? ?aoo iiooaeia
ia?iaeieoeueea oaeey a ?in?enueeiio eoeueoo?iiio aeeoo? caaneea
aeaiae?nonuee? i?iyae.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? «Oaeeueae a ?in?enuee?e e?eoeoe?» aiae?co?oueny
iiaoaiia canai?iiy oaeeueae?anueeiai iaaeaaiiy ye anoaonueei?
ea?ioanaioe?? ?in?enueeith e?oa?aoo?ith ia ?oaaae? XIX — XX no. o
/aniaiio a?ae??ceo c 1892 ?ieo aei ii/aoeo 1910 ?ie?a, oiaoi a?ae /ano
caaino?aiiy aei caanaiiy ?ioa?ano aei Oaeeueaea.

?icaeoie oyaeaiue i?i Oaeeueaea-anoaoa ia ?in?enueeiio a?oio? oiiaii
iiaeia ?iciiae?eeoe ia o?e oace:

— ia?oa ciaeiinoai c ?i’yi, oai?/?noth oa ?aeayie a eie? i?ioan?eieo
e?oa?aoi??a (1892-1902);

— i?iiaaaiaea e?oa?aoi?aie oai?/ino? Oaeeueaea na?aae oe?ieiai
/eoaoeueeiai caaaeo ? ianiaa canai?iiy anoaonueeeo iiaeyae?a
(1903-1906);

— canai?iiy ? aaoiiaoecaoe?y aea/aieo ?aeae oa cania?a, oeoia/aiiy ?o o
ni?iuaiiio aeaeyae? a iaeaaoaeuenuee?e na?aeiiino? (1908-1910).

Ia?oa oaca a?aee?eeany iiyaith ?iai? Oaeeueaea ia noi??ieao ?in?enueei?
i?ane (ia?aeeaae?a Oaeeueaea ia ?in?enueeo iiao a oeae /an ua ia
?nioaaei). Ia oeueiio aoai? ?ioa?an aei eiai oai?/ino? aeyaeee aieiaiei
/eiii e?eoeee-i?ioan?iiaee, ui aea/aee inoaii? aeinyaiaiiy ?iicaiii?
e?oa?aoo?e. Oaeeueae?anueeo oai?/?noue iaeaea aei 1985 ?. aoei
i?aaenoaaeaii eeoa a noeneeo iaeyaeao ?iicaiii? e?oa?aoo?e. C /anii
oai?aoeee ?in?enueeiai neiaie?cio aaeaeenue aei a?eueo aeaoaeueiiai
aiae?co anoaoecio o ni?aa?aeianaii? c i?ioeanii noaiiaeaiiy anoaoeee
neiaie?cio. Ia?oee e?ie o oeueiio iai?yi? aoa c?iaeaiee I.Aieeinueeei,
yeiai Oaeeueae caoe?eaaea nai?ie o?einionueeeie iiooeaie, aea /e ia
iaei?eaaaeea?oei aniaeoii aoei caia?a/aiiy ooee?oa?ecio. Iaaea?iaai?noue
Oaeeueaea-ooaeiaeieea i?e oeueiio caeeoa?oueny iica e?eoeeith.

C.Aaiaa?iaa a 1897 ?. ia?aoo? caa?oa?oueny aei oaenoieia?/iiai aiae?co
Oaeeueaea. Noaooath «I.Oaeeueae ? aiae?enueeee anoaoeci» icia/eeinue
oi?ioaaiiy iiceoeaiiai ioe?ii/iiai noa?aioeio anoaoa, ui i?ci?oa aeeeany
o a?aeiia?aeio oaiaeaioe?th. Aea iaeaea a oie /an (1898 ?.) e?eoee
Ae?iiai a iaoa??ae? «Ec Aiaee» aena?oeth? Oaeeueaea ye iinoaoue
iaiaeiicia/io, aaaaoia?aiio ? aiaeii/an neioiiaoe/io aeey naiai /ano.

Iinooiiai oaaaa e?eoee?a uiaei Oaeeueaea ci?uoaaeanue a?ae ioe?iee eiai
o?einionueeeo oiiaeiaaiue aei aiae?co oai?/ino? ?, a?aoo? ?aoo, aei
iinoao? aiae?enueeiai anoaoa a oe?eiio.

C 1904 ?. ?icii/eia?oueny ianiaa oe?aaeoaaiiy ia?aeeaae?a Oaeeueaea.
Iiaee aoai a iiaioaaii? anoaoecio ni?aiaa c iiiaioii aeoiaeo inoaii?o
oai??a Oaeeueaea («The Ballad of Reading Gaol» ? «De Profundis»).
I/aaeaeii naia aiie iaaiith i??ith i?enei?eee i?ioean iiaioaaiiy ianiaei
/eoa/ai oai?/iai caeiaooeo Oaeeueaea. Aeey ?in?enueeeo /eoa/?a aaaeeeaei
aoa iiiaio ia?a?iaeaeaiiy anoaoa: ia?ainieneaiiy iei aeaniiai a/aiiy,
?i?aeae io/aieea eieeoiueiai «ei?iey aeeooy».

Oai?aoeee anoaoecio, i?iiaaoth/e ?aea? oa oai?/?noue aiae?enueeiai
ienueiaiieea, aaea a 1906 ?. aeciaee ia aac ?ic/a?oaaiiy, ui ?oi?e
aenia?eiaio aeinya iaoe: anoaoeci noaa ?icoiaeei yaeuai, cono??aoei
naiai oe?ioaa/a a iaeaaoaeuenueeiio na?aaeiaeu? ? nai ia?ac
aiae?enueeiai ienueiaiieea, ? eiai o?einio?y ni?iuothoueny, iaa?oue
aoeueaa?ecothoueny. Ia?aaaaeath/ei aoa ?ioa?an aei iaaoaeaiii? a?ia?ao??
ienueiaiieea, yea iaeaaoaeuenuee?e na?aeiiino? caeaaaeany aaeaeaaoiith
?ethno?aoe??th eiai a/aiiy. Oae iaa?oue o
aeia?aeieeiai-aioeeeeiiaaee/ieo aeaeaiiyo iii?oia i???ioaoe?y ia
aeiaiaeo aoeueaa?iei niaeai: ? iien aeie? ienueiaiieea ? iiaoa (c
aeineoue noii?aieie oaeoaie) ? iaeaea a?aenooiy oa?aeoa?enoeea
oai?/ino?.

TH.Aeoaiaaeueae ? E.*oeianueeee o ?iaioao 1910-o ?ie?a iiynithaaee
i?e/eie iiioey?iino?, iiaee ia Oaeeueaea oi?ioaaiiyi iaaeiei eiai ?iai?
no?aaeieoeueeiai i?aieo. Aaeaioaoe?y anoaoecio a ?in?enueeiio
na?aaeiaeu? a?aeaoaaeany a na?oe? o?aaeeoe?e O.Aeinoi?anueeiai.

A iiaioaaii? e?eoeeith oa e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaii niaaeueie Oaeeueaea
aecia/eeenue aeaa iniiaieo iai?yie:

— e?eoeei-?ioa?i?aoaoi?nueeee (a?aeaa?oi oaiaeaioe?eiee, iia’ycaiee c
?iaiaie A.Aieeinueeiai, TH.Aeoaiaaeueaea, E.*oeianueeiai);

— iaoeiaee (ia’?eoeaiaaiee, eiioeaiooaeueiee aiae?c, yeei caeiaany
Ae?iiai).

Eaaeia e?eoe/iiai iaoa??aeo ni?eyea caoaa?aeaeaiith a /eoaoeuee?e
na?aeiiino? noa?aioeiiino? uiaei inyaiaiiy iinoao? anoaoa, caeaa?eueoiai
a iiaeeo?eaoe?? i?oa i?i «io/aieea».

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? «I?iyae oaeeueae?anueei? oaie a ooaeiaei?e
oai?/ino? ?in?enueeeo aaoi??a» aiae?co?oueny niaoeeo?ea ia?aaeeaaiiy
anoaoecio a na?aeiiino? ooaeiaeiee?a neiaa. O oeueiio i?ioean?
aaa/a?oueny oa ae aoaii?noue, o? ae oace, yeeie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
noaiiaeaiiy e?eoeee i?i Oaeeueaea.

*e ia a ia?oa ooaeiaeiy ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ?aeae Oaeeueaea cono??/a?oueny a
ioae?eaoe?yo ia noi??ieao aeo?iaeo «Naaa?iue aanoiee» ca 1896 ?.
(iiia?aeaiiy I.Nieiaeiai? «La Beata», E.Aeaieniaa «Aia a?aiaie», iiaaea
C.A?i?on «Ceaoioeaao»). Oe? oai?e i?enay/ai? i?iaeai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?
aca?iiae?? ienoaoeoaa ? ae?eniino?. A iiia?aeaiiyo iii?oia eaaeue
icia/aia a?aei?ii?noue i?ae anoaoeciii oa i?a?aoaae?nonueeith
anoaoeeith; i/aaeaeia ni?iaa i?aeiieoe aiae?enueeo ?aeaeio noi?o ia
ei?enoue aeaniiai neiaie?nonueeiai aeina?aeo. Aaoi?e ii-??ciiio
ia?a?othoue oaco ?iii?aeueiiai i?aeianaiiy i?ae?aniiai. Oae, C.A?i?on
oaea ia oeueiio aoai? aaiaeeoue a oeoia/aiiy anoaoecio ?ai?i?noeaioe??
?c Aeinoi?anueeiai.

Ianooiiee aoai iicia/aiee aenooiaie ? noaooyie E.Aaeueiiioa i?i
aiae?enueeiai ienueiaiieea (1903 ?.). Caaaey/oth/e ae?yeueiino?
Aaeueiiioa, yeee ?iaioaaa Oaeeueaea aiinoieii e?ane, aaoi?ii «?aaiaae?y
a?ae anoaoecio», cae??ieany i?o i?i no?aaeieoeoai Oaeeueaea, i?i
iani?aaaaeeea?noue uiaei eiai iiea?aiiy.

Oaiiaeeaa noaaeaiiy aei niaaeueie Oaeeueaea aoei oa?aeoa?ia aeey iaaiiai
eiea ?in?enueeeo neiaie?no?a (A.A?thnia, O.Nieiaoa, I.Aieioei). Aiie
caeiaeeny ia?aeeaaeaie, ?c caioi/aiiyi oeeooaaee Oaeeueaea a nai?o
i?ia?aiieo aenooiao.

Iinoaoue Oaeeueaea i?eaaaethaaea ? iieiaeineiaie?no?a. Oae, A.?aaiia
aaa/aa, ui anoao o nai?io no?aaeieoeoa? ca e?anith aeecueeee aei O?enoa.
? oi/a iine?aeiaieo aeaiae?-anoao?a o aeueo eieao ?in?enueeeo
e?oa?aoi??a ia aoei, iiaea ia oaeae?anueeee ?i?aeae caoiieea
iaaeieie?oa?aoo?ia ? iaeaaoaeuenueea na?aaeiaeua. Oae, iaeia?aeiiee
iiao-neiaie?no ? ooaeiaeiee I.Aeo?iia caeiaany ?ic-

iianthaeaeaiiyi aeaiae?nonueeeo niae?a o Iinea?.

Ae?oaee aoai (iaeaea aei 1907 ?.) icia/aiee iii?oiith aeoea?caoe??th
aienoaaiiy aeooaeueieo aeey ?in?enueeiai iiaea?io ?aeae a
oaeeueae?anueea iaaeaaiiy. Neiaie?noe aeiooeoaaeeny o E?an? niiniao
aaeeeiai ia?aoai?aiiy na?oo ? ii?aeueiiai iiiaeaiiy. I?ioa, iai?ee?ioe?
1900-o ?ie?a e?oa?aoi?e iiaiai iieie?iiy c a?eueoith oaaaith ?icaeyaeaee
ooaeiaei? caniae ienueiaiieea-anoaoa, ?aii?oth/e, a oi ? canoaeaeoth/e
eiai aaaeii?noe/i? aeeoo?oai?/? aanea. I.Aoi?eueia, I.Eoci?i ?aoaeueii
aea/aee nae?aoe eiai e?oa?aoo?ii? iaenoa?iino?, aea aoee aeaeae? a?ae
aeoiee ia?aiineoe caeiiii??iino? oai?/ino? ia ae?eni?noue. *a?ac
iina?aaeieoeoai neiaie?cio ?in?enueea e?oa?aoo?a ia?aaeeea iiooaeiee
cao?aeiee aieea.

Aoai caeeaiiy aei ??ciiiai?oieo ?aaeeeaeueieo ?a?iiaenueeeo ?aeae
ci?ieany ia??iaeii iiaioaaiiy cao?aeieo oi?i. A naith /a?ao i?aeo?ae, ui
aacoaaany ia aei?aaaeiaoaaii? Oaeeueaea (neiaie?nonueeee) ci?ieany
e?eoe/ii-aiae?oe/iei (aeia?nonueeei). Oaeei /eiii, neiaie?ci ? aeia?ci
aeaiiino?othoue aea? iiaeae? uiaei iiaioaaiiy oai?/ino? Oaeeueaea —
«?aeaeio» oa «oi?iaeueio» .

Oooo?eci eaoaai?e/ii a?aeeeioa anoaonuee? i?aoaic??, i?iaieiooth/e
aioeanoaoeci. O oaeee niin?a aoea ae?aaeaia ?aaeoe?y ia ai?aiinueea
anoaonoai ? anoaonueei-aeaiae?nonueeo iiaeo na?aae iaeaaoae?a. Naia
oooo?enoai iaeaaeeoue aene?a «Naaa?yi?i — caiineai??oeueeee Oaeeueae»,
yeei aiie i?aaioee i?aee?aneeoe a iiao? ?noai anoaoa-ai?aiia. Naaa?yi?i
iinoa? ia’?eoii aeni?thaaiiy iiaee ia niin?a aeeooy ? oai?/ino?, a yeiio
o?ainieaioiaaia ?aeay ae?iaeeeany, ia?aoai?eeany ia iiioey?io, caa?oith
?i?oaoe?th.

O?ao?e ?icae?e «Anoaoeci Oaeeueaea oa ?.Naaa?yi?ia» i?enay/aiee
aeyaeaiith nooi?nieo aeii?iaio icia/aiiai yaeua, a oaeiae aecia/aiith
aeioe?eueiino? a?aeianaiiy Naaa?yi?ia aei ?ic?yaeo anoaonueeeo
iane?aeoaa/?a ? ai?aii?a Oaeeueaea.

Ia?oee i?ae?icae?e «Oaeeueae?anueea oaia a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? Naaa?yi?ia:
anni-niiao «Inea? Oaeeueae» ? ?icai?iooei aiae?cii iiaoe/ieo
iniaeeainoae oaenoo a??oa. ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co ia?aeiiothoue a oiio, ui
anni-niiao ? ia i?eeeaaeii ini?aoaaiiy aiaeaey aiae?enueeeo anoao?a, a
iiaoe/iei aeoai?ii o oi?i? ??ii?/ii? a?e c iiioey?ieie noa?aioeiaie, ui
iiaoooaaee o na?aeiiino? /eoaoeueeiai caaaeo oiai /ano. A?ia?o?ioiaaia
aaee/ anoaonueeiai aai?y, aaaaeaiiy a oaeno aeaiaio?a c i/aaeaeiei
i?ioe??//yi uiaei aeiia anoaonueeiai noeeth aeathoue i?aenoaae aaaaeaoe
oeae «a?ii Oaeeueaeo» iaue?ei, oi/a ??ii?y iaenoa?ii caaoaeueiaaia
aa?neo?eaoe?eiith i?ea?iaeuei?noth ?in?enueeiai iiaoa.

Ii??aiyiiy naaa?yi?inueeiai anni-niiaoa c ?ioeie c?aceaie e?oa?aoo?-ii?
i?iaeoeoe?? e?ioey 1900 — ii/aoeo 1910 ??. aeicaiey? ?ici?noeoe a
eiioaeno? iiac?? i?i aa?iy no?aaeieea, iaienaieo ca aeiiiiiaith
iai?ioeyoe?? iiioey?ieie (? aaea ciaoe?iaieie) iiaoe/ieie ee?oa
neiaie?cio. Iaea?eueo aeecueeith aei Naaa?yi?ia ? ia?iae?eia a?a
*a?oa?ie aea Aaa??ae.

Naaa?yi?inueeee aeaiae?ci ? iaenoa?ia i?noeo?eaoe?y, ?icaaaeea yei?
e?e?oueny a iiaoeoe? a??o?a.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e: «Anoaoeci a iiaoo? ? ooaeiaei?e i?aeoeoe?
I.Oaeeueaea oa ?.Naaa?yi?ia» i?iiiio? aeie?aieaiiy noni?eueieo aeii?iaio
a oai?/iio caeiaooeo iiao?a, ?icaeyae ?o o o?einionueeiio, anoaoe/iiio ?
ooaeiaeiueiio aniaeoao.

Oaeeueae?anueeee anoaoeci ia? nooo?aa o?einionueea i?aea?oioy, ine?eueee
?iciianthaeaeo?oueny o aeaio iai?yieao: iiaooiaiio ? ooaeiaeiueiio.
Iiaoo ienueiaiieea, eiai aeania aeeooy, i?aai?ciaaia a a?aeiia?aeiino?
aei i?eioeeio «iaaeii?ae?», ? ?acoeueoaoii anoaonueeiai aeeeoaoo
anoia?a/ caaaeueiiaeciaiei ii?aeueiei ii?iai.

Iaei??th c iaea?eueo iieaciaeo ?iii?ae?nonueeeo oac eiai a/aiiy ? oaea:
«The aim of the life is selfdevelopment» (Iaoa aeeooy – naiiae?aaeaiiy).
Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy eiai aeieo?eie a?aeia?aaeai? o ca??oe?
anoaonueei-o?einionueeeo anna « Intentions».

I?aai?coth/e nai? aeeooy Oaeeueae ieaiii??ii ?aae?co? i?ia?aeiee
aeaiae?no-nueeee i?eioeei aooe «iai?e?iaeiei» ? ooeaoe ianieiaee.

Ia iath/e i?aaee?a-a?enoie?ao?a, Oaeeueae aicaaee/o?oueny ?
«iaeaai?iae-aeo?oueny» oeyoii aeeoo?oai?/ino?. Eiai ae?i, ?a/? iiaooo,
iaeya — ao?eaiiy aeoii/aiiai niaeo ? ethaia? aei ienoaoeoaa. I?e oeueiio
noai?th?oueny ia?aaeienaeueia neooaoe?y: Oaeeueae c? an??th
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noth ? ue??noth i?iiiio? «ienoaoeoai iai?aaaee» ?
ana?eic aeaooiao? naith aeieth ca caeiiaie ioae?/ii? aenoaae.

?.Naaa?yi?i, aianaiee aei ?ic?yaeo «?in?enueeeo Oaeeueae?a», ia
aaeaaaany aei i?ieeaiaoe?? i?yeeo oai?aoeei-o?einionueeeo aeeeaaeie.
?aeaieia?/iith i?ia?aiith ? eiai a??o?. A iiaoo? Naaa?yi?i ia aoa
noiaeee ia naiai e??e/iiai aa?iy — aeaiae?. Caeoe?nia a?ia?ao?y iiaoa
aoea iaeia?aeiia, ine?eueee i?eiee iei ia ao?ooaaeany. A?i no?iai
?iciaaeiaoaaa i?eaaoia, ano?aaeia ? iiaoe/ia aeeooy. ?in?enueeee iiao
i?eiee ia i?aaioa aei a?enoie?aoe/ii? aeooeaiino?, aecia/ath/enue
iaaecae/aeiith ne?iii?noth o nai?o niaeao. Niin?a iaeaaeiaiiy iiaooo
aeoi? c ii?aeueieie oiiaeiaaiiyie ?in?enueeiai iiaoa i?ecaiaeyoue aei
noii?a?a uiaei iine?aeiaiino? eiai aeaiae?cio.

Anoaoeea Oaeeueaea i?aeei?y?oueny ?aeeiiio aaniethoo — E?an?, yea
ao?eth?oueny, aieiaiei /eiii o oi?i?, ciai?oiino?, noeeueiino?.
Naaa?yi?i, ye caea?oueny, a oeueiio ioieo? nie?aea?iee c Oaeeueaeii: a?i
oe?io? a ienoaoeoa? ia?o ca ana aeooeai?noue , noai?ea na?e iaiiaoi?iee
noeeue ? aa?eoia a ?noi??th e?oa?aoo?e naia caaaey/oth/e iai?aeeia?iino?
oi?ie nai?o iiac?e. I?ioa aiae?c iiaoeee oai??a aiae?enueeiai oa
?in?enueeiai aaoi??a ?ice?eaa? nooi?noi? a?aei?iiino? i?ae ieie.
Oaeeueae?anueea iaia?a aeaiiino?o? oeiiai anoaonueeee i?aeo?ae aei
ia?ac?a ?a/ae ? ooaeiaeieea. ? oa, ? ?ioa ia? aooe aeooeaii-i?ae?aniei,
aeoai?ii ienoaoeoaa. ??/ o oaenoao Oaeeueaea iainiaeth?oueny, ?? iien ?
naiiaeinoaoi?i; iniaeno?noue oai?oey — ao?eaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai
aaioeaio?ecio. AEeao/e ca caeiiaie ienoaoeoaa iniaeno?noue iaiia iaaoaa?
iciae ?a/ae; o oeueiio i?ioean? ? e cai?ioi?e ca’ycie, ine?eueee ?a/?
iaaoaathoue yeinoae iaeooioai?aiino?.

Oaeeueae aoa aeineoue ?ica??eeaei uiaei aeei?enoaiiy iiaoe/ieo cania?a:
eiai «?urple passages» ?yni?thoue c?aceaie aenieeo iiaoeci?a; noeeue
aeeeoo? aeeeth/ai?noue i?iciaeo aeaiaio?a.

Naaa?yi?i i?iiiio? /eoa/ai oaioe/ia ii?aeiaiiy iaii?aeioaaiiai
(i?ica?ci?a ? iiaoeci?a) a iaaeao iaeiiai ia?aco. Aea aa?neo?eaoe?eia
i?ea?iaeuei?noue aeaui caoueia?th? ??ii?th aaoi?a, yea i?e oaaaeiiio
i?i/eoaii? ana ae iinoa? c? an??th i/aaeaei?noth.

Iia?oaaiiy ia?acaie ?a/ae o Naaa?yi?ia aeiei??iii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
oaeeueae?anueeiai: a?i ia aaoiiii?co? ?o, a aeei?enoiao? aeey oi?ioaaiiy
iniaeeai? anoaonueei?, oi/i?oa inaaaeianoaonueei? aoiinoa?e iiaoe/ii?
cai??yiino?. Ia?aco aeaiae? oaae i?eoaiaiiee noai ?icaeai?iino?. Eiai
noia?aai?noe/i? niiae?aaiiy iathoue caeaoi?noue ?iciianthaeaeoaaoeny
eeoa a iaaeao iiaoe/ii? i??eeeaino? (ia noi??ieao eiea oa ia ano?aae?),
aea ia a ?aaeueiino?. Naaa?yi?i ciaeoia aeey nai?? a?e aaeaeo iacao
«a?acioa?n».

Oaeei /eiii, ?i?aeae Naaa?yi?ia no?iai iaiaaeaiee noa?ith ienoaoeoaa, ia
iiaoo a?i ia ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny. I?ioa aaoi? noai?ea ia?ac naiai
e??e/iiai aa?iy oa ?i?aeae a /an, eiee i?oioai?/?noue i?iiecoaaea ana
?noai ooaeiaeieea ? ia?ac iiaoa aoa i?e?a/aiee ia oa, uia aooe oioiaeiei
aei naiai oai??iiy.

O aeniiaeao  aeeeaaeai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.
Anoaoeci Oaeeueaea ? Naaa?yi?ia icia/ai? ye nooi?nii ??ciiiai?oi? yaeua,
ui ?icaeaaeeny o ni?ani?yioaaii? iiooe?a iiaiai eoeueoo?iiai aa?iy ?
iiaiai oeio ooaeiaeieea ia ?a?iiaenueeiio oa ?in?enueeiio i?aea?oio?.

O ?iaio? caia?a/o?oueny ?aeay caaa?oaiino? oa oe?e?niino? ?in?enueeiai
anoaoecio ? i?e?iaeii? niaaeei?iiino? cao?aeieo ?aeae, ine?eueee aiia
anooia? a i?ioe??//y c ?nioth/ith eoeueoo?iith o?aaeeoe??th, ui iaaea?
e?oa?aoo?? ?ieue «i?iaica?nieoe? ?noeie».

O aeena?oaoe?? iaaieioo?oueny, ui anoaonuee? oa aeaiae?nocuee? ?aea?
i?aeeyaaee ei??iiiio ia?ainieneaiith, aea a aioiaiio aeaeyae? ia
ni?eeiaeeny.

Aaoi? aeena?oaoe?? caia?a/o? noa?aioeiio oa?aeoa?enoeeo Naaa?yi?ia ye
?in?enueeiai Oaeeueaea, ooaa?aeaeoth/e i?noeo?eaoi?nueeo nooi?noue eiai
anoaonueei? niaaeueie.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. N??aiee a?e ? ?aoeaene anoaoecio //Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aea/aiiy
e?oa?aoo?ieo ?iae?a. Ca. iaoe i?. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997. — N.
46-51.

2. Ia?acu aeaiaee a i?ica I. Aea Aaeuecaea e I.TH. Ea?iiioiaa // IV
I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe. O?aioe?y oa Oe?a?ia, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee
aeina?ae o eiioaeno? iaoe?iiaeueieo eoeueoo?. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997.
— O. I. *. II. — N. 29-32.

3. Inea? Oaeeueae e aai acaeyae ia eeoa?aoo?iua aeia?aoee aaeeeeo
ethaeae //Ex professo: Ca??iee i?aoeue iieiaeeo a/aieo I?eaei?i?ia’y. —
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998. — N. 72-77.

4. Nthaeao ia ynoaonoaothuai ooaeiaeieea a ?aiiae ?onneie noeiaieenoneie
i?ica //Ex professo: Ca??iee i?aoeue iieiaeeo a/aieo I?eaei?i?ia’y. —
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998. — N. 122-125.

5. Eai?ue Naaa?yiei: Oaiiiai aaoi?neiai eieaeaea //?onneay eeoa?aoo?a e
?inneeneia ca?oaaaeuea: ia?aeeaee e ia?ana/aiey. V E?uineea
iaaeaeoia?iaeiua oiaeaaneea /oaiey. Oacenu aeieeaaeia iao/iie
eiioa?aioeee. — Aeoooa, 1996. — N. 78-81.

6. Ynoaoeci Inea?a Oaeeueaea e Eai?y Naaa?yieia: iinoaiiaea i?iaeaiu
//I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996. — N. 14.

7. Ynoaoeci na?aa?yiiai aaea a ?aieao eoeueoo?iiai aeeaeiaa //Ianeaaeea
I.I.Aaooeia e i?iaeaiu ?acaeoey aeeaeiae/aneiai iuoeaiey a nia?aiaiiie
eoeueoo?a. Oacenu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee. — Aeiiaoee, 1996. — N.
60-61.

8. O.Aiaeea? e E.Naaa?yiei: oeiieiaey eieaeaea aeaiaee //III
I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y O?aioe?y oa Oe?a?ia, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee
aeina?ae o eiioaeno? ae?aeiao iaoe?iiaeueieo eoeueoo?. Oace aeiiia?aeae.
— Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996. — N. 21.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aaee?ia ss.A. A?ae I.Oaeeueaea aei ?.Naaa?yi?ia: aeiey ?a?iiaenueeiai
anoaoecio.

?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?eieia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.05 – ii??aiyeueia
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai.

— Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny iiaeae? ia?aaeeaaiiy anoaonueei?
aaniethoecaoe?? i?ae?aniiai ?in?enueeei oa ?a?iiaenueeei eoeueoo?iei
na?aaeiaeuai ia ??cieo ?noi?e/ieo aoaiao. Aaoi? aiae?co? oai?/? nenoaie
I.Oaeeueaea oa ?.Naaa?yi?ia ye i?aenoieia? a ?noi?e/iiio ooieoe?iioaaii?
anoaonueei? ?aea?, aeie?aieth? ?o noooaa? oa?aeo?enoeee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: anoaoeci, anoaonoai, aeaiae?ci, aeeoo?oai?/?noue,
e?oa?aoo?-iee ?i?aeae, i?o i?i ienueiaiieea.

Aiiioaoeey

Aaeeeia ss.A. Io I.Oaeeueaea e E.Naaa?yieio: noaeueaa aa?iiaeneiai
ynoaoecia.

?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeeieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.05 – n?aaieoaeueiia
eeoa?aoo?iaaaeaiea.

— Aeiai?iiao?ianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao. Aeiai?iiao?iane. 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeothony iiaeaee ynoaoneie aaniethoecaoeee
i?ae?aniiai a ?onneie e aa?iiaeneie eoeueoo?iie n?aaea ia ?aciuo
enoi?e/aneeo yoaiao. Aaoi? aiaeece?oao oai?/aneea nenoaiu I.Oaeeueaea e
E.Naaa?yieia eae eoiaiaua a enoi?e/aneii ooieoeeiie?iaaiee ynoaoneie
eaeae, auaeaeyao eo nouiinoiua oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ynoaoeci, ynoaonoai, aeaiaeeci, aeeciaoai?/anoai,
eeoa?aoo?iue eieaeae, ieo i ienaoaea.

Annotation

Galkina Y.V. From O.Wilde to I.Severyanin: the ways of european

aestheticism. Manuscript. The thesis is for a candidate degree in
philology by speciality 10.01.05 – literary comparativistics.

Dnepropetrovsk State University, Dnepropetrovsk. 1998.

The models of aesthetic experience in Russian and European cultural
environments of different historical periods are worked for this thesis.
The author analyses creative systems of O.Wilde and I.Severyanin as a
result of aesthetic tendency development, gives their essential
characteristics.

Key words: aestheticism, dendysm, life-creation, literary image, myth
about the artist.

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