2

A?IIEOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE

OI?AA?NEOAO

OAeE 621.979:621.768.4.06

NAAINO’ssIIA ?AAI Ass*ANEAAIAE*

A?A?II?AN C A?Ae?I?IIOEUeNIEI I?EAIAeII

AeEss AAAAOIEIIIIIAIOIIAI IAAAIOAAEAIIss

II?IOEIAEO CAAIOIAIE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.03.05 — «I?ioeane ? iaoeie

ia?iaee oeneii»

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeeoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

A?iieoey — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o A?iieoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
(AAeOO), I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie ia eaoaae?? iaoaei??caeueieo
aa?noao?a oa iaeaaeiaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa (I?AIAA).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
?neiae/-Eioioeueeee
?inoeneaa Aeieo?iae/, AAeOO, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
I?AIAA.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe Ooa?i Ieoaeei
Ai?eniae/, ?inoeooo i?iaeai
iaoa??aeiciaanoaa IAIO (i. Ee?a),
caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo i?e?iiaoai?ee ? ?aieia?? ii?ioeiaeo ?
eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a.

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani? ?oaeue A?eoi?
Aeieo?iae/, Eooeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? oa
aaoiiaoecaoe??

ae?iaieoeoaa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoeiai- aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo iiaeo o?ce/ieo ?
i?eeeaaeieo i?iaeai, a?aeae?e ?11, I?i?noa?noai i?iieneiai? iie?oeee
Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «30» eenoiiaaea 1998 ?. i 14 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 05.052.03 o A?iieoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 286021, i. A?iieoey,
Oiaeueieoeueea oina, 95, AOE, aoae. 210.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? AAeOO ca aeacaiith
aae?anith.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «28» aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aea??ai I. A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Ae?iaieoeoai aeaoaeae c ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a
c iaia?aae caaeaieie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie — ciinino?ee?noth,
i?oei?noth, oa?iino?ee?noth a?aeiineoueny aei iaeia?niaeoeai?oeo oa
aenieiaoaeoeaieo aaca?aeoiaeieo oaoiieia?e iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. Iniiaiei
aoaiii oeueiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? i?ioean oi?iiooai?aiiy caaioiaie, yeee
aecia/a? ye?noue aioiaeo ae?ia?a ? iiaeeea?noue aeeeth/aiiy aeiaeaoeiai?
iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee.

Ca aeaieie ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, iioae?eiaaieo a Oe?a?i? oa ca
ei?aeiiii, iaeaoaeoeai?oei, a o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ? ?aeeii iiaeeeaei
niiniaii oi?iiooai?aiiy caaioiaie ae?ia?a neeaaeii? eiioeao?aoe?? oa
aaeeeeo aaaa?eo?a c iaieanoe/ieo ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a c iio??aieie
ia?aiao?aie i?oeiino?, u?eueiino? oa ??aiiu?eueiino? ca ia’?iii,
oi/iino? e?i?eieo ?ici???a oa caaeia?eueii? yeino? iiaa?oi? ? niin?a
a?a?ioaea?iiai i?anoaaiiy (AOI) o i?an-oi?iao cae?eoiai oeio ia
?ia?oe?eieo a?a?ii?an-iieioao (?AII).

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? niiniaa AOI a ?yae? a?aeiieo ?ia?o
iaa?oioiaaii aeei?enoaiiy aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai a?a?ioaea?iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy (AEAI), a i?ioean? yeiai, e??i iniiaiiai inueiaiai coneeey
a?a?ii?anoaaiiy, aei i?an-oi?ie i?eeeaaeathoueny aeiaeaoeia? a?a?aoe?ei?
aai a?a?ioaea?i? iaaaioaaeaiiy o i?noeyo neeaaeieo ca eiio?ao?aoe??th
ia?aoiae?a aai ony i?an-oi?ia iaeii/anii i?aeeyaa? neeaaei?e
a?a?aoe?ei?e ae??. Iaeiae eiino?oeoeai? noaii? ??oaiiy niaoe?aeueiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy, cai?iiiiiaai? a oeeo ?iaioao aeey aeei?enoaiiy a i?ioean?
AEAI, a?aecia/athoueny neeaaei?noth ?aae?caoe?? a oiiaao ?aaeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa.

O ca’yceo c aeuaaeeeaaeaiei, ?ic?iaea ia aac? iayaieo a?a?ii?an?a ?AII
iiaiai a?a?ii?aniaiai iaeaaeiaiiy c a?ae?i?iioeueniei i?eaiaeii aeey
AEAI, i?inoiai o aeaioiaeaii? oa iaae?eiiai a aenieoaoaoe??, ui
aeicaiey? io?eioaaoe ye?ni? caaioiaee neeaaeiioaniiieo oa
aaeeeiaaaa?eoieo ae?ia?a c iaieanoe/ieo ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a, ?
aeooaeueiith caaea/ath.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie i?aai?caoe??.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaee, iaaaaeai? o aeena?oaoe?? aaciina?aaeiuei
ca’ycai? c aeeiiaiiyi aea?aeathaeaeaoieo oai ?19 — Ae — 151
«Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a a iai?oaeaieo neieeo na?aaeiaeuao i?ae ae??th
ia??iaee/ieo ?iioeuen?a ciai?oi?o nee» ? ?19 — Ae — 184 «?ic?iaea oai???
?ic?aooieo oa i?iaeooaaiiy i?ioean?a oa iaeaaeiaiiy no/anieo
a?a?ioaoiieia?e», aeeth/aieo aei eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai ieaio I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie «Aenieiaoaeoeai? oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane a
iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?».

Iaoa ?iaioe — ?ic?iaea oa aeine?aeaeaiiy iiai? eiino?oeoe?? a?a?ii?ana
c a?ae?i?iioeueniei i?eaiaeii aeey ?aae?caoe?? niiniaa
aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai a?a?ioaea?iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ae /an oi?iiooai?aiiy
caaioiaie ae?ia?a neeaaeii? eiio?ao?aoe?? oa aaeeeeo aaaa?eo?a c
iaieanoe/ieo ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a, a oaeiae noai?aiiy iaoiaeeee
i?iaeoiiai ?ic?aooieo i?eaiaea a?a?ii?ana.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oa ?ica’ycai? oae?
iniiai? caaea/?:

— aenia?eiaioaeueiiai i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy aeui? aoaeoeaiino? AEAI
ia??iaee/ieie ?iioeuenaie ciai?oieo nee, ui noai?ththoueny aeae?eueeiia
aeeiiaa/eie eaieaie, a ii??aiyii? ?c cae/aeiei niiniaii AOI aeey
oi?iiooai?aiiy caaioiaie neeaaeiioaniieo ae?ia?a ?c ii?ioeiaeo
iaoa??ae?a c iaieanoe/ieie /anoeaie iniiae ?c caaeaieie ia?aiao?aie
u?eueiino? oa ??aiiu?eueiino?;

— anoaiiaeaiiy aieeao iniiaieo ia?aiao??a AEAI a i?ioean? ia??iaee/ii?
?iioeuenii? cii?oiuei? ae?? ia ye?ni? oa e?euee?noi? ia?aiao?e
i?aniaaieo caaioiaie;

— iaa?oioiaaiiy aeai?o noaie ?aae?caoe?? AEAI oa ?ic?iaee
eiino?oeoeaii? noaie a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea a?a?ii?ana aeey AEAI c
o?ueiia aeaea?aeaie ?iioeuenii? ae?? ia iniia? aaciai? iiaeae? ?AII;

— ?ic?iaee aeeiai?/ii? oa iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? a?a?ii?ana c
a?ae?i?iioeueniei i?eaiaeii aeey AEAI;

— anoaiiaeaiiy aaeaeaaoiino? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ?aaeueiei c?aceai
a?a?ii?an?a;

— aeeiiaiiy oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue caeiiii??iinoae ?aaoethaaiiy
?iai/eo ia?aiao??a AEAI;

— ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee neioaco noai ? i?iaeoiiai ?ic?aooieo
niaoe?aeueiiai a?a?ii?aniaiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey AEAI;

— ?ic?iaee ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c iiaea?i?caoe?? aaciai? iiaeae? ?AII c
iaoith noai?aiiy ia ?? iniia? a?a?ii?ana aeey AEAI.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeneiaeuei?
u?euei?noue ? ??aiiu?euei?noue i?e caaeia?euei?e yeino? iiaa?oi? a
i?ioean? i?anoaaiiy niiniaii aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai a?a?ioaea?iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy caaioiaie neeaaeiioaniieo ae?ia?a ?c ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a
c iaieanoe/ieie /anoeieaie iniiae aeinyaathoueny ca ?aooiie ae?? ia
i?an- oi?io ia??iaee/ieo ?iioeuen?a ciai?oieo nee, ia?aiao?e yeeo,
e?euee?noue aeaea?ae a?a?icaoaeaeaiiy, iai?yiie ?o ae?? ? i?noea
i?eeeaaeaiiy aecia/athoueny o?ceei- iaoai?/ieie ? aaiiao?e/ieie
ia?aiao?aie caaioiaie.

Aaaaoieiiiiiaioio ?iioeuenio ae?th ia i?an- oi?io iaea?eueo i?inoi
?aae?coaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea, /enei aeeiiaa/eo
eaiie yeiai aei??aith? /eneo iaiao?aeieo aeaea?ae ?iioeuen?a ciai?oieo
nee.

?ic?iaeaia eiino?oeoeaia noaia a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea a?a?ii?ana
aeey AEAI c o?ueiia aeaea?aeaie ?iioeuenii? ae?? ia iniia? aaciai?
iiaeae? ?AII, ui aeeth/a? ianin iino?eii? iiaea/?, iaeiioeeeeiaee
a?ae?iaeoioeyoi?, a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/ o aeaeyae? niaoe?aeueiiai
o?ueioiaeiaiai ?iciiae?eueieea ? o?e a?ae?ioeee?iae?e — iaeei iniiaiee
aa?oeeaeueiee oa aeaa aeiaeaoeiaeo, iai?yiie ae?? yeeo aecia/a?oueny
oi?iith caaioiaee, i?ae’?aeiaieo ia?aeaeueii aei ii?iaeieie iniiaiiai
a?ae?ioeee?iae?a.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeai? aeeiai?/ia ? iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeae? a?a?ii?ana aeey
AEAI. Oai?aoe/ii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii ?iioeueniee oa?aeoa?
coneeue, noai?thaaieo ia aeeiiaa/eo eaieao oeueiai a?a?ii?ana, ui
aeicaieeei i?aaenoaaeoe eiai iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aeeoa?aioe?eieie
??aiyiiyie ?ooo, e?euee?noue yeeo aecia/a?oueny e?euee?noth ?iai/eo
eaiie. Cai?iiiiiaai? aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy ii/aoeiaeo
ia?aiao??a ?ooo ?iai/eo eaiie. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea ia ?iaioo
a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea oaeeueiaeo yaeu a i?e?aeiaiiio ia’?i?
a?ae?inenoaie i?ae /an ?iaioe a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/a.

?ic?iaeaia iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea neioaco noai ? i?iaeoiiai
?ic?aooieo niaoe?aeueiiai a?a?ii?aniaiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey AEAI ia iniia?
aaciai? iiaeae? ?AII.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue. ?ic?iaeaiee ? noai?aiee aenia?eiaioaeueiee c?acie
a?a?ii?ana c a?ae?i?iioeueniei i?eaiaeii aeey aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai
?iioeueniiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia iniia? aaciai? iiaeae? ?AII. Io?eiai? ia
a?a?ii?an? caaioiaee neeaaeiioaniieo ii?ioeiaeo ae?ia?a, oi?iiooai?aiiy
yeeo ?ioeie niiniaaie ? ia iaeaaeiaii? ?ioeo oei?a aoei i?aeoe/ii
iaiiaeeeaa, iathoue ye?noue, ui oiaiiaeeeaeth? a?ae. ?ic?iaeai?
eiino?oeoe?y a?a?ii?ana aeey AEAI ? iaoiaeeea eiai i?iaeoiiai
?ic?aooieo, i?eeiyo? aei aeei?enoaiiy A?iaa?nueeei aea?aeaaiei caaiaeii
ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia onoaiia/iio eiia?an? c oai?aoe/ii?
oa i?eeeaaeii? iaoai?ee «Iaoaieea — 95» o 1995 ?. a i. I?inueeo, ia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo o 1994…1997 ?. ?. o i. A?iieoe?, «Ay?ieinie/aneee
eiiieaen: eiiaa?ney e oaoiieiaee» a 1995 ?. o i. AEeoiie??,
«Aeae?iiaoaieea a eiaeaia?iie i?aeoeea» a 1996 ?. o i. Ee?a?,
«Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu iaoeiino?iaiey e oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann» a 1996 ?. o
i. Naaanoiiie?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoeeeii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? o
8 ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao (3 noaooyo, 3 oacao aeiiia?aeae, 2 iaoaioao
Oe?a?ie).

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, iniiaieo aeniiae?a oa ?acoeueoao?a, nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e ? /ioe?ueio aeiaeaoe?a. Ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii ia 227
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?o?oueny 54 ?enoieaie ? 4
oaaeeoeyie. Aeiaeaoee i?noyoue 37 noi??iie. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a?
158 iaeiaioaaiue.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe ?? iaoeiaa iiaecia,
i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue, aeaia ei?ioea aiioaoe?y on?o ?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii aiae?c a?aeiieo i?ioean?a oi?iiooai?aiiy
caaioiaie c ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a. Iniiaio oaaao i?eae?eaii niiniaai
a?a?aoe?eiiai oa a?a?ioaea?iiai i?anoaaiiy, iaaaaeaii aiae?c iaoeiaeo
?ia?o, ui i?enay/ai? aeine?aeaeaiiyi oeeo i?ioean?a, ?icaeoeo oai???
ou?eueiaiiy ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a i?ae aieeaii a?a?aoe?e, ?ic?iaoe? oa
noai?aiith a?a?ii?aniaiai iaeaaeiaiiy c ??cieie oeiaie i?eaiae?a,
aia?aoo?e ea?oaaiiy ? ?aaoethaaiiy. A oeueiio iai?yieo cia/iee aianie
c?iaeaii a?aeiieie a/aieie ?. Ae. ?neiae/ai-Eioioeueeei, A. A.
?aauaieii, ?. O. Aii/a?aae/ai, E. A. O?ieiaei, ?. A. Iaoa??aei, ?. I.
Iooith, ?. A. Oaoaeiaith, A. I. ssiii oa ?i.

Oi?iiooai?aiiy caaioiaie ae?ia?a neeaaeii? eiio?ao?aoe?? ? aaeeeeo
aaaa?eo?a iaeaoaeoeai?oa cae?enith?oueny niiniaii AOI. Canoinoaaiiy eiai
aeicaiey? cieceoe o aeanyoee ? a?eueoa ?ac?a a ii??aiyii? ?c noaoe/iei
i?anoaaiiyi ?iai/a coneeey i?anoaaiiy, ciaioeoe oiaueio no?iie
i?an-oi?ie. Iniaeeai aeniea aoaeoeai?noue aeacaiiai niiniao a?aei?/aia a
i?ioeanao oi?iiooai?aiiy caaioiaie ?c iaieanoe/ieo ii?ioeiaeo
iaoa??ae?a, ae?iaieoeoai yeeo ?ioeie niiniaaie aoei oneeaaeiaia aai
i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeaa.

Iaeia?niaeoeai?oei iaeaaeiaiiyi aeey ?aae?caoe?? niiniaa AOI ?
?ic?iaeaia a AAeOO aaiia a?a?ii?an?a oeio ?AII. I?eaiae oeeo a?a?ii?an?a
ia? aenie? aia?ai?ii?noue ? iaae?ei?noue, aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe ??ci?
?iai/? ?aaeeie iaaaioaaeaiiy, cae?enithaaoe aacnooi?i/anoa ?aaoethaaiiy
ia?aiao??a iaaaioaaeaiiy, o oiio /ene? aia?a?th iaeiiai oiaeo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyi i?ioean?a AOI ? a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaeo ?AII
i?enay/ai? ?iaioe ?. ?. Iaa?othoa, I. I. Aoiai/oea, A. I. Iaiothea oa
?i.

Aia?oa aaaaoieiiiiiaioia iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ae /an a?a?ioaea?iiai
i?anoaaiiy caaioiaie neeaaeiioaniiieo oa aaeeeiaaaa?eoieo ae?ia?a (?en.
1) aoei aeei?enoaii aeey ??aiii??iiai caiiaiaiiy ii?ioeiaei iaoa??aeii
ia’?ia i?an-oi?ie, i?aeaeuaiiy i?aenoieiaeo cia/aiue i?oeiino?,
u?eueiino?, ??aiiu?eueiino?, aeeeth/aiiy ae?eyiie iaaeiou?eueiaiiy aai
ia?ai?anoaaiue. C oe??th iaoith, e??i iniiaii? eiiiiiaioe iaaaioaaeaiiy
— ia??iaee/iiai aa?oeeaeueiiai inueiaiai i?aniaiai coneeey, ui noai?th?
a?ae?ioeee?iae? 1, aei i?an-oi?ie 2 ?c caaioiaeith 3 a i?noeyo ?c
neeaaeieie ia?aoiaeaie aai o na?aaei?o ia?a??cao (i?e oi?iiooai?aii?
caaioiaie aaeeeeo aaaa?eo?a) i?eeeaaeathoueny aeiaeaoeia? a?a?aoe?? ?
oaea?e o ai?eciioaeueieo aai iioeeeo ieiueiao, ui noai?ththoue
a?ae?ioeee?iae?e 4, 5, 6.

A?aeii? noaie a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea a?a?ii?an?a aeey AEAI: c
?iaeea?aeoaeueiei aeeaeaiiyi eiaeiiai ?c a?ae?ioeee?iae??a; c iaei??th
caaaeueiith ianiniith noaioe??th ? aeae?eueeiia oeiiaeie
a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/aie; ?c caaaeueiith ianiniith noaioe??th ? niaoe?aeueiei
aaaaoioiaeiaei a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/ai, a oaeiae eiino?oeoe?? aeania
a?a?ii?an?a (iai?eeeaae, a?a?ii?an ?c cai?ioii-aaeioiaei ?ooii
a?a?inoiea, o?eeii?aeeiaoiee a?a?ii?an) — a?aecia/athony neeaaei?noth, a
?o ?aae?caoe?y — aenieith aa?o?noth. A ca’yceo c oeei, iiae?aia
iaeaaeiaiiy aeioe?eueii ?ic?iaeyoe ia iniia? i?iieneiaeo c?ace?a ?AII.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? i?eioeeiiaa ? eiino?oeoeaia noaie
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai a?a?ii?ana aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy AEAI, noai?aiiai ia
iniia? aaciai? iiaeae? ?AII — 16, /a?ac iniauaiiy inoaiiueiai
aeiaeaoeiaei a?ae?ioeee?iae?ii ai?eciioaeueieo a?a?aoe?e c
?iae?a?aeoaeueiei a?ae?i?iioeueniei i?eaiaeii, iaaaaeai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? caeaaeiino? i?ae iniiaieie ia?aiao?aie ia??iaee/ieo
?iioeuen?a ciai?oieo nee i?ae /an AEAI ? oaoi?/ieie ia?aiao?aie
a?a?ii?ana, ia iniia? yeeo anoaiiaeai? ia?aiao?e ?aaoethaaiiy ?
iano?ithaaiiy, ?icaeyiooa iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aenia?eiaioaeueiei
niiniaii ia?aiao??a iaeaoaeoeai?oeo oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a
aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai ?iioeueniiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, ui caaacia/othoue
io?eiaiiy caaioiaie c iioeiaeueieie cia/aiiyie ia?aiao??a u?eueiino?,
??aiiu?eueiino? ? aac ia?ai?anoaaeueieo o??uei, aeiaaaeaii, ui
canoinoaaiiy AEAI ia??iaee/ieie ?iioeuenaie ciai?oi?o nee, aoaeoeai?oa o
ii??aiyii? ?c AOI i?ae /an oi?iiooai?aiiy caaioiaie neeaaeiioaniiieo
ae?ia?a ?c iaieanoe/iiai ii?ioeiaiai iaoa??aeo ia iniia? ea?a?aea
e?aii?th, iaa?oioiaaia noaia ?aae?caoe?? niiniaa AEAI, ?ic?iaeaia
eiino?oeoeaia noaia a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea a?a?ii?ana aeey AEAI ia
iniia? aaciai? iiaeae? ?AII, e?euee?noue aeeiiaa/eo eaiie yeiai
aei??aith? e?eueeino? iaiao?aeieo aeaea?ae ?iioeuen?a ciai?oieo nee.

I?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a ci?ia oeneo o iaoa??ae? caaioiaee,
oenee ?iai/i?

?en. 1. I?eioeeiiaa noaia ?aae?caoe?? niiniao AEAI caaioiaie ?c
ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a

??aeeie ? ia?ai?uaiiy ?ooiieo eaiie ?a?no?oaaeenue oaiciiao?e/ieie
aeaaa/aie ca aeiiiiiaith oeaeoiaiai inoeeeia?aoa.

Iniiaieie, aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaieie iieacieeaie
aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai ?iioeueniiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, ui iaea?eueoa
aieeaathoue ia oa?aeoa?enoeee na?aaeiuei? ca ia’?iii u?eueiino? rn?,
a?aeiinii? iaeneiaeueii? er.max ? i?i?iaeueii? er.min ia??aiiu?eueiino?,
caaioiaie ui io?eiothoueny, a oaeiae ia ye?noue ?o iiaa?oi? — iayai?noue
aai a?aenooi?noue ia?ai?anoaaeueieo o??u?i oa ae?eyiie iaaeiou?eueiaiiy,
? aiie?ooaeia cia/aiiy inueiaiai oeneo ?i.c.a a iaoa??ae? caaioiaee oa
i?enei?aiiy aoe2a, . . . , aoe.n.a ooie?a (ieoiaea??a) aeiaeaoeiaeo
a?ae?ioeee?iae??a a iiiaio ?o aca?iiae?? c i?an-oi?iith.

Ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueieo caeaaeiinoae i?aenoieiaeo cia/aiue
u?eueiino? ? ??aiiu?eueiino? caaioiaie oeiiaeo neeaaeiioaniiieo ae?ia?a
— «iii?iee ?cieyoi?», «naenoie», «eiion» c iaieanoe/iiai ii?ioeiaiai
iaoa??aeo ia iniia? ea?a?aea e?aii?th a?ae iniiaieo ia?aiao??a
iaaaioaaeaiiy anoaiiaeai? iaeaoaeoeai?o? ?aaeeie niinia?a AEAI ? AOI.

Na?aaeiy u?euei?noue caaioiaie ae?iao oeio «iii?iee ?cieyoi?» io?eiaieo
niiniaii AEAI neeaaeaea 65 … 75% a?ae oai?aoe/ii?, ??aiiu?euei?noue —
88 … 93%, ia?ai?anoaaeuei? o??ueie aai ae?eyiee iaaeiou?eueiaiiy aoee
a?aenooi?, caaioiaie, io?eiaieo niiniaii AOI — a?aeiia?aeii 58 … 66%
i 77 … 86%. Iayai?noue o inoaii?o ae?eyiie iaaeiou?eueiaiiy,
aiane?aeie yeiai nooo?ai ca?eueoo?ony e?euee?noue a?aeo i?ae /an
o?ainii?ooaaiiy caaioiaie c ae?eyiee ia ae?eyieo — ia aeicaieyei
aaaaeaoe ?o ni?aaieie. Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeuo aoaeoeai?noue niiniao AEAI, ?aae?ciaaiiai ca
?aooiie ia??iaee/ieo ?iioeuen?a ciai?oieo nee o ii??aiyii? c? niiniaii
AOI.

O o?ao?e ?icae?e oa?eoee: no?oeoo?ia noaia, aeeiai?/ia oa iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeae? a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea a?a?ii?ana aeey AEAI n o?ueiia
aeaea?aeaie ?iioeuenii? ae?? ia iniia? aaciai? iiaeae? ?AII, a oaeiae
ioi?ieai? o aeaeyae? a?ao?/ieo caeaaeiinoae ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
ca aeiiiiiaith AII iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?.

No?oeoo?ia noaia a?a?ii?ana aeey AEAI (?en. 2) aeeth/a?: ianin c
iino?eiith iiaea/ith Qi1, iaeiioeeeeiaee a?ae?iaeoioeyoi? c ?iai/ei
ia’?iii Va, aeaieaneaaeiee o?eoiaeiaee a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/ «ia aoiae?» ?
o?e a?ae?ioeee?iae?e: iniiaiee a?ae?ioeee?iae? aa?oeeaeueieo ia?ai?uaiue
a?a?inoieo mc (ieiua iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co ieoiaea?a Sie) ? aeaa
aeiaeaoeiaeo iaeiioeiiaeo ai?eciioaeueieo a?ae?ioeee?iae?e (ieiua
ii?oi?a Sii?), i?ae’?aeiaieo ia?aeaeueii ca aeiiiiiaith a?ae?ie?i?e 12,
13 aei ii?iaeieie iniiaiiai a?ae?ioeee?iae?a.

?iai/ee oeeee a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea neeaaea?oueny c aeaio aoai?a.
Ia aoai? ca?yaeee a?ae?iaeoioeyoi?a (I aoai) a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/ cae?eoee
(e?aa iiceoe?y ia noai?), oene ?iai/i? ??aeeie a aeoioethaaeueiiio
ia’?i? Va.i ca?eueoo?oueny, a ?iai/? ii?iaeieie a?ae?ioeee?iae??a
c’?aeiai? c? ceeaii. A iiiaio ca?eueoaiiy oeneo a ia’?i? Va.i aei
aaee/eie ?1 a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/ a?aee?eaa?oueny (i?aaa iiceoeey)
? a?ae?iaeoioeyoi? ?ic?yaeaea?oueny a ii?iaeieie

?en. 2. Ocaaaeueiaia no?oeoo?ia noaia a?a?ii?ana c a?ae?i?iioeueniei
i?eaiaeii aeey AEAI ia iniia? aaciai? iiaeae? a?a?ii?ana ?AII

a?ae?ioeee?iae??a (II aoai). A?a?ino?e ? ooiee ai?eciioaeueieo
a?ae?ioeee?iae??a cae?eniththoue ?iai/ee o?ae. sseui oene a
a?ae?inenoai? iaaea? aei aaee/eie ?2, a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/ cae?eaa?oueny,
a?a?ino?e ? ooiee ai?eciioaeueieo a?ae?ioeee?iae??a i?ae ae??th i?oaeei
aei?noeinoyie no1, no2, iiaa?oathoueny o aeo?aeia iieiaeaiiy.

Aeeiiaiiy oiiae i?i oa, ui /anoioa ia??iaee/ii? ae?? a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/a
ia a?ae?iiaoai?/io nenoaio, aeine?aeaeoaaiiai a?a?ii?ana n = tk-1 iaioa
?? ia?oi? ?aciiainii? /anoioe, aeicaiey? canoinoaaoe a i?ioean?
iiaeaethaaiiy «i?oaeio cina?aaeaeaio» iiaeaeue, a ye?e ??aeeia ia?
a’yce?noue ? noeneea?noue, a iniiai? ia?aiao?e ian, i?oaeieo oa
aeeneiaoeaieo aeaiaio?a ?icaeyaeathoueny caaaeaieie.

Caaaeueia aaaaoiianiaa aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue ?iai/iai oeeeeo
a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea a?a?ii?ana aeey AEAI iieno?oueny nenoaiith c
aeaaaeoeyoe naie (ca e?euee?noth nooiai?a a?eueiino?) iae?i?eieo
aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiue ?ooo caaaeaieo ian acaeiaae a?aeiia?aeieo
eii?aeeiao, ui ?ica’ycothoueny /enaeueieie iaoiaeaie ia AII. Aaoi?ii
oai?aoe/ii aeiaaaeaii, ui iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue a?ae?i?iioeueniiai
i?eaiaea a?a?ii?ana iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaia nenoaiith aeeoa?aioe?eieo
??aiyiue ?ooo a i?ioean? a?eueieo eieeaaiue e?i?eii? iaeiina?aaoeaii?
nenoaie c /eneii nooiai?a a?eueiino?, ??aiei /eneo ?iai/eo eaiie.
Cai?iiiiiaai? aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy ii/aoeiaeo
ia?aiao??a ?oo?a ?iai/eo eaiie.

Ia ?en. 3 i?aaenoaaeai? ni?iuai? aeeiai?/i? iiaeae? a?a?ii?ana aeey I
oa II aoai?a ?iai/iai oeeeeo, i?ae /an neeaaeaiiy yeeo aoee i?eeiyoe
oae? i?eiouaiiy:

— o ca’yceo c oei, ui iana noaieie a?eueo i?ae ia ii?yaeie ia?aaeuo?
iano ?ooiieo ?iai/eo eaiie ?? ia?ai?uaiiy iiaeia ia a?aoiaoaaoe;

— iane eeaiai?a ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai eaneaae?a a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/a iae? o
ii??aiyii? ?c ianith ?ooiieo eaiie, oiio aeiionoeii ia a?aoiaoaaoe
ao?aoe aia?a??, iia’ycai? c ?o ia?ai?uaiiyi;

— neee nooiai oa?oy iae? o ii??aiyii? ?c ?iai/ei coneeeyi, aiane?aeie
/iai ieie iiaeia ciaoooaaoe.

Ia ni?iuaieo iiaeaeyo (aeea. ?en. 3) iicia/ai? oae? caaaeai? aeaiaioe:

mi?.a — caaaeaia aei ia?a??co fa.a iana ?iai/i? ??aeeie a ia’?i? Va.i,
ui a?aoiao? oaeiae iano ii?oiy a?ae?iaeoioeyoi?a; m1ae.i, m2ae.i, m3ae.i
— caaaeai? aei ieiu Sie ? Sii? iane ??aeeie a a?ae?ie?i?yo 11, 12, 13;
mI — iana aa?oeeaeueii? ?iai/i? eaiee, ui a?aoiao? iano ieoiaea?a
aa?oeeaeueiiai a?ae?ioeee?iae?a — mie, ei?ion?a ai?eciioaeueieo
a?ae?ioeee?iae??a — me.a.oe, a?a?inoiea — mn, eiioaeia?a i?an-oi?ie —
me.i ? caaioiaee — mcaa; mIIi? — caaaeaia ?ia?oe?eia iana, ui
a?aoiao? iano ?ooiii? o?aaa?ne — mi.o, ci?iieo
?ia?oe?eieo i?ea?oc?a —

?en. 3. Ni?iuai? aeeiai?/i? iiaeae? ?iai/iai oeeeea ci?aoethaaiiy
i?aenenoaie a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaeo a?a?ii?ana aeey AEAI:

a — ia I aoai?;

a — ia II aoai?

me.i, ioainiia — mi ? iano ??aeeie a iiaenenoai? aeiiii?aeiiai i?eaiaea;
mii? — iana ii?oiy ai?eciioaeueiiai a?ae?ioeee?iae?a; ca, ncaa, nI —
aei?noeino? i?oaeeie a?ae?iaeoioeyoi?a, caaioiaee ? aa?oeeaeueii?
?iai/i? eaiee; br1 , br2 , ba.r, ba, bI, bcaa — eiao?oe??ioe a’yceiai
aeaiiooaaiiy a c’?aeiaiiyo ?ooiieo /anoei a?ae?ioeee?iae??a iniiaiiai ?
aeiiii?aeiiai i?eaiae?a, a?ae?iaeoioeyoi?a, aa?oeeaeueii? ?iai/i? eaiee
? a caaioiaoe?; RI, Ra.r, Rcaa — iino?ei? neeaaeieee caaaeaieo nee
nooiai oa?oy a c’?aeiaiiyo aa?oeeaeueii? ?iai/i? eaiee, aeiiii?aeiiai
a?ae?ioeee?iae?a ? a caaioiaoe?; l1, l2, l3 — eiao?oe??ioe
a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy a a?ae?ie?i?yo 11, 12, 13; li?.a, li?.a — caaaeai?
eiao?oe??ioe a?ae?aae?/iiai oa?oy a i?aenenoai? aeiiii?aeiiai i?eaiaea ?
a ia’?i? Va.i; zi?1, zi?2, zi?3, zi?.a, zi?.a — caaaeai? eiao?oe??ioe
i?noeaaeo iii??a a a?ae?ie?i?yo 11, 12, 13, aeiiii?aeiiio i?eaiae? ? a
ia’?i? Va.i; A1, A2, A3, Ai?.a, Ai?.a.i — caaaeai? iiaeoe? ia’?iii?
i?oaeiino? no?iie a?ae?ie?i?e 11, 12, 13, a?ae?ie?i?e ? ?iai/eo
ii?iaeiei aeiiii?aeiiai i?eaiaea, ia’?io Va.i; Aae.o.a1, Aae.o.r2,
Aae.o.r3, Aae.a1, Aae.a2, Aae.a — iiaeoe? i?oaeiino? ?iai/i? ??aeeie a
a?ae?ie?i?yo l1, l2, l3 i?e oaea?ieo oeneao, a ia’?i? Va.i i?e oeneao ?1
e ?2, a a?ae?inenoai? aeiiii?aeiiai i?eaiaeo i?e oeneo noaoe/iiai
i?eaeeio; x1ae, x2ae, x3ae, xa.a.ae, xoe1, xoe2, xoe3, xII, xcaa —
iioi/i? eii?aeeiaoe ia?ai?uaiue caaaeaieo ian ??aeeie a a?ae?ie?i?yo l1,
l2, l3, 1a.a, ?iai/eo eaiie, caaioiaee.

Ia I aoai? (aeea. ?en. 3, a) ci?ia e?iaoe/ii? aia?a?? ?iai/i? ??aeeie,
ui iio?aiey? a ia’?i Va.i a?ae ianina Qi1 ia?aoiaeeoue a ?iaioo Ia
noeneoaaiiy ??aeeie, i?oaeeie a?ae?iaeoioeyoi?a ? aeaoi?ioaaiiy no?iie
ia’?ia Va.i.

Ia II ?oai? (aeea. ?en. 3, a) ?iaioa Ia ia?aoiaeeoue a e?iaoe/io
aia?a?th ia?ai?uaiue caaaeaieo ian ?iai/i? ??aeeie a a?ae?inenoai? ?
ii?oiy aeoioeyoi?a, ao?aoe ia oa?oy ? i?noeaae ao?aoe, a ?iaioo
noeniaiiy ??aeeie ? aeaoi?ioaaiiy no?iie a?ae?ie?i?e 11, 12, 13.

A naith /a?ao, /anoeia e?iaoe/ii? aia?a?? ?iai/i? ??aeeie a
a?ae?ie?i?yo 11, 12, 13 — DEae.a1, DEae.a2, DEae.a3 ? ?iaioe ??
noeniaiiy ? aeaoi?ioaaiiy no?iie — DIn,ae.a1, DIn,ae.a2, DIn,ae.a3 —
ia?aoiaeeoue a ?iaioo ia?ai?uaiiy ?ooiieo ?iai/eo eaiie, noeniaiiy
i?oaeei iiaa?iaiiy, ?iaioo nee iii?o aeaoi?ioaaiiy caaioiaee, nooiai oa
a’yceiai oa?oy, iiaeieaiiy coneeey noaoe/iiai i?eaeeio. Oai?aoe/ia
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy ?iioeueniiai oa?aeoa?o coneeue, ui noai?ththoueny ia
ieoiaea?? ? ii?oiyo oeneaie ?iai/i? ??aeeie i?ae /an a?aee?eooy
a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/a, aeicaieeei ia a?aoiaoaaoe ?iaioo nee iii?o caaioiaee,
nooiai oa a’yceiai oa?oy, iiaeieaiiy coneeey noaoe/iiai i?eaeeio.

??aiyiiy aaeain?a aia?a?? iathoue aeaeyae

DEae.a1 + DIn,ae.a1 = (mI + 2 mii? + mII.i?) voe1i2
/ 2 + no1 o0.o12 / 2; (1)

DEae.a2 + DIn,ae.a2 = mii? voe2i2 / 2
+ no2 o0.o22 / 2; (1)

DEae.a3 + DIn,ae.a3 = mii? voe3i2 / 2
+ no2 o0.o32 / 2,

aea voe1i, voe2i, voe3i — ii/aoeia? oaeaeeino?, ui iaaoaathoueny
ieoiaea?ii ? ii?oiyie i?ney cae?i/aiiy ae?? ?iioeuen?a nee, ui
noai?ththoueny oaea?ieie oeneaie D?oae.a11, D?oae.a21, D?oae.a31.

Ca?aeii c caeiiii caa?aaeaiiy ?iioeuena

te1 (Sie D?oae.a11 — co1 o0.o1) = (mI +
2 mii? + mII.i?) voe1i;

te.i (Sii? D?oae.a.i1 — co2 o0.o.i)
= mii? voe.i.i, (i = 2, 3), (2)

aea te1, te2, te3 — iaeneiaeuei? o?eaaeino? ae?? ia ieoiaea? ? ii?oi?
a?ae?ioeee?iae??a ?iioeuen?a nee, ui noai?ththoueny oeneaie D?oae.a11,
D?oae.a21, D?oae.a31, ye? aei??aiththoue iai?aoacai i?yieo oaea?ieo
oaeeue a a?ae?ie?i?yo 11, 12, 13.

?ica’ycoth/e ?acii ??aiyiiy (1) ? (2), ciaoiaeeii D?oae.a11, D?oae.a21,
D?oae.a31 ? voe1i, voe2i, voe3i.

??aiyiiy ?ooo caaaeaieo ian ?iai/eo eaiie a?a?ii?ana

(mI + 2 mii?) ooe1’’ + ba1 ooe1’ + bcaa
(ooe1’ — xII’) +

+ ccaa (ooe1 — oII) + co1 (o0.o1 +
ooe1) = ?oe1 (t);

mII.i? oII’’ + (li?.a + zi?.a) oII’2 + ba.a oII’ +
bcaa (oII’ — ooe1’) + (3)

+ ccaa (oII — ooe1) + na.i? oII + Ra.a sign
(xII’) + ?no = 0;

mii? ooe.i’’ + ba.i ooe.i’ + co2 (o0.o.i +
ooe.i) = ?oe.i (t), (i = 2, 3),

aea ?oe1 (t), ?oe2 (t), ?oe3 (t) — ci?ie neeiaeo ae?e ia ieoiaea? ?
ii?oi? a?ae?ioeee?iae??a ia i?ioyc? iaeiiai ia??iaeo Ooe ?iaioe i?eaiaea

?oe.i (t) = 0 i?e 0 <= t <= te.i, (i = 1, 2, 3); ?oe.i (t) = ?e.i = D?oae.a.i1 Si.i i?e ti.i <= t <= 2 te.i, (i = 1, 2, 3); (4) ?oe.i (t) = 0 i?e 2 te.i <= t <= Ooe, (i = 1, 2, 3). Inueiaee oene ?i.c.a a iiia?a/iiio ia?a??c? Scaa caaioiaee ?i.c.a = (Dpoae.a11 Sie - no1 o0.o1 + ?no - (mI + 2 mii? - mII.i?) voe1i / ta) / Scaa. (5) Cia/aiiy i?enei?aiue aoe2a, aoe3a ooie?a aeiaeaoeiaeo a?ae?ioeee?iae??a aoe.i.a = ((?oe.i.max + pc) Sii? / 2 - no2 (o0.o.i + xoe.i.max) - ba.i voe.i.e) / mii?, (i = 2, 3), (6) aea ooe.i.max - o?ae ii?oiy ? - ai a?ae?ioeee?iae?a - a?aenoaiue i?ae oi?oeai ooiea o aeo?aeiiio iieiaeaii? ? a?/iith iiaa?oiath i?an-oi?ie; voe.i.e - oaeaee?noue ooiea aaciina?aaeiuei ia?aae aca?iiae??th c i?an-oi?iith. Ia iniia? iaaaaeaieo ??aiyiue neeaaeaia i?ia?aia aeey AII, ca aeiiiiiaith yei? ?ic?aoiaai? caeaaeiino? iniiaieo ia?aiao??a AEAI a?ae oaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a a?a?ii?ana. A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai?: iienaiiy i?eioeeiiai? noaie aenia?eiaioaeueiiai a?a?ii?ana c o?ueiia ia?aeaeueii i?ae'?aeiaieie a?ae?ioeee?iae?aie a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea ia aac? a?a?ii?ana ?AII -16, aiae?c inoeeeia?aie eiai ?iai/iai ?aaeeio, a oaeiae ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui o aeiaaeeo i?ae'?aeiaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo a?ae?ioeee?iae??a a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea ca aeiiiiiaith a?ae?ie?i?e aaeeei? aeiaaeeie ? c? cia/iith i?aeaeaoeea?noth no?iie, ia ia?aiao?e iaeneiaeueieo ?iai/eo oene?a a ii?iaeieiao a?ae?ioeee?iae??a ? cnoa?a oac ii/aoeo ?iai/eo oiae?a ?ooiieo eaiie cia/iee aieea iathoue oaeeueia? yaeua a i?e?aeiaiiio ia'?i? a?ae?inenoaie. E??i oiai, aeacai? ia?aiao?e caeaaeaoue a?ae ?ia?oe?eiino? a?aeaiae?a a?ae?ie?i?e, ui aecia/athoueny ?o aaiiao?e/ieie ?ici??aie. I?e iaa?aeiia?aeiino? ?ici???a ??cieo a?aeaiae?a ca?eueoaiiy oeneo a ii?iaeiei? a?ae?ioeee?iae?a, i?ae'?aeiaiiai a?ae?ie?i??th c ?ia?oe?ei?oei a?aeaiaeii, ii/iaoueny c cai?ciaiiyi, ui aei??aithaaoeia o?eaaeino? a?aee?eaaiiy a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/a, a aaee/eia iaeneiaeueiiai oeneo aoaea cia/ii iaioith ca iaeneiaeuei? oenee a ii?iaeieiao a?ae?ioeee?iae??a c iaio ?ia?oe?eieie a?aeaiaeaie. C a?aooaaiiyi oeueiai, aeey cieaeaiiy ao?ao aia?a?? oa ciaioaiiy cai?ciaiue ?iai/eo oiae?a ?ooiieo eaiie a?a?ii?ana iaiao?aeii, uia a?ae?ie?i?? iaee uiiaeiaioo aeiaaeeio ? iaeneiaeueio aei?noe?noue, a a?aeaiaee a?ae?ie?i?e - ?aeaioe/i? ia?aiao?e. A oeueiio ca'yceo iaei??th c iaeia?niaeoeai?oeo noai a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaeo a?a?ii?ana aeey AEAI ? noaia c ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie i?eaiaeaie iniiaiiai aa?oeeaeueiiai ? aeiaeaoeiaeo a?ae?ioeee?iae??a c "i?eoe/iei" c'?aeiaiiyi ?o ?iai/eo ii?iaeiei c iniiaieie ii?iaeieiaie a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/ae. A i'yoiio ?icae?e? iiaeaia iaoiaeeea neioaco noai ? i?iaeoiiai ?ic?aooieo niaoe?aeueiiai a?a?ii?aniaiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey AEAI ia iniia? aaciai? iiaeae? ?AII, iaaaaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c iiaea?i?caoe?? i?iieneiaeo c?ace?a a?a?ii?an?a ?AII ? noai?aiiy ia ?o iniia? a?a?ii?aniaiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey AEAI, ?icaeyioo? ia?niaeoeae iiaea?i?caoe??. Aeey ni?iuaiiy neioaco i?eioeeiiaeo ? eiino?oeoeaieo noai a?a?ii?an?a aeey AEAI, ui i?iaeoothoueny, cai?iiiiiaaia no?oeoo?ia iao?eoey-aecia/iee, a ye?e noaiaoe/ii i?aaenoaaeai? aa??aioe noai AEAI, caeiio ci?ie coneeue ia iniiaii? (aa?oeeaeueii?) ? aeiaeaoeiaeo ?iai/eo eaieao, i?eioeeiiaeo noai a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea, niiniao i?aeeeth/aiiy ? oeio a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/a, oeio eiino?oeoeaiiai aeeiiaiiy ? ?icoaooaaiiy a?ae?ioeee?iae??a a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea, ui aecia/a? oo /e ?ioo noaio iaaaioaaeaiiy. I?e ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee i?iaeoiiai ?ic?aooieo a?a?ii?ana aeey AEAI ia iniia? aaciai? iiaeae? ?AII aeei?enoai? ?acoeueoaoe eiai oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae aeina?ae i?iaeooaaiiy ? aenieoaoaoe?? a?a?ii?aniaiai iaeaaeiaiiy c a?ae?i?iioeueniei i?eaiaeii. Iniiaieie aeo?aeieie aeaiieie aeey ?ic?aooieo ? aiie?ooaeia cia/aiiy inueiaiai oeneo ?i.c.a a caaioiaoe? ? i?enei?aiiy aoe2a, aoe3a,..., aoe.n.a ooie?a (ieoiaea??a) aeiaeaoeiaeo a?ae?ioeee?iae??a a iiiaio ?o aca?iiae?? c i?an-oi?iith. Aeiaeaoeia? aeo?aei? aeai?: oa?aeoa?enoeea a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/a, ?iai/i? ??aeeie ? caaioiaee. Iniiai? ?ic?aooieia? ia?aiao?e: ae?aiao?e di1, di2,..., di.n ieoiaea??a (ii?oi?a) a?ae?ioeeeeiae??a; aei?noeino? no1, no2,..., no.n i?oaeei i?oaeiiai iiaa?iaiiy a?a?inoiea ? ooie?a (ieoiaea??a) aeiaeaoeiaeo a?ae?ioeee?iae??a; aei?noe?noue na i?oaeeie ? ?iai/ee ia'?i Va iaeiioeeeeiaiai a?ae?iaeoioeyoi?a; cia/aiiy iio??aii? iiaea/? Qi ianina ? iiooaeiino? Ny aeaeo?iaeaeaoia ianinii? onoaiiaee aeey aeai?o eiai oeii?ici??o. Iaaaaeai? i?eioeeiia? a?ae?ie?iaiaoe/i? noaie a?a?ii?ana aeey aeainoi?iiiueiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ? a?a?ii?ana aeey AEAI ia iniia? aaciai? iiaeae? a?a?ii?ana ?AII. Cai?iiiiiaai? eiino?oeoeai? ?ic?iaee, iao?eoey-aecia/iee ? iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iiaeooue ciaeoe canoinoaaiiy i?ae /an i?iaeooaaiiy a?a?aoe?eiiai ? a?a?ioaea?iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, ui aeei?enoiao?oueny a aoae?aieoeoa? ? i?ae /an aei?iaoaaiue aeaoaeae ? aoce?a iaoei. Caeiaoaa/ aeneiaeth? iiaeyeo ? aaey/i?noue e. o. i., aeioe. Iaa?othoo ?. ?. ca iaoeia? eiinoeueoaoe?? i?ae /an ?iaioe iaae aeena?oaoe??th. INIIAI? AENIIAEE ? ?ACOEUeOAOE ?IAIOE 1. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeneiaeuei? u?euei?noue ? ??aiiu?euei?noue i?e caaeia?euei?e yeino? iiaa?oi? a i?ioean? i?anoaaiiy niiniaii AEAI caaioiaie neeaaeiioaniiieo ae?ia?a ?c ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a c iaieanoe/ieie /anoeaie iniiae aeinyaathoueny ca ?aooiie ae?? ia i?an- oi?io ia??iaee/ieo ?iioeuen?a ciai?oi?o nee. Iai?eeeaae, i?e oi?iiooai?aii? caaioiaie ae?ia?a oeio "iii?iee ?cieyoi?" c ii?ioeiaiai iaoa??aeo N2 ?iioeuenaie ciai?oieo nee, ui noai?ththoueny aeaiia aeeiiaa/eie eaieaie ia iiaea?i?ciaaiiio a?a?ii?an? ?AII aeinyaiooi ca?eueoaiiy o ii??aiyii? ?c cae/aeiei niiniaii a?a?ioaea?iiai i?anoaaiiy na?aaeiuei? u?eueiino? caaioiaie ia 7 ... 11%, ??aiiu?eueiino? - ia 10 ... 14% i?e caaeia?euei?e yeino? ?o iiaa?oi?. 2. Iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a ?aaeei?a AEAI i?e ia??iaee/i?e ?iioeuenii? ciai?oiuei? ae?? aecia/athoueny o?ceei- iaoai?/ieie ? aaiiao??/ieie ia?aiao?aie caaioiaie ia iniia? iieiaeaiue ?aciiainii- no?oeoo?ii? oai??? i?ioean?a a?a?ioaea?iiai i?anoaaiiy, ?ic?iaeaii? i?io. ?neiae/ai- Eioioeueeei ?. Ae. 3. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai ?iioeueniiai iaaaioaaeaiiy iaeia?niaeoeai?oei oeiii i?eaiaeo ? a?ae?i?iioeueniee i?eaiae, /enei aeeiiaa/eo eaiie yeiai aei??aith? aecia/aiiio /eneo aeaea?ae ?iioeuen?a ciai?oieo nee. Ia iniia? aea?aii? noaie niiniao AEAI ?ic?iaeaia eiino?oeoeaia noaia a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea a?a?ii?ana aeey AEAI n o?aiy aeaea?aeaie ?iioeuenii? ae?? ia aac? i?iieneiaiai c?acea ?AII. 4. ?ic?iaeai? aeeiai?/ia ? iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeae? a?a?ii?ana aeey AEAI. Oai?aoe/ii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii ?iioeueniee oa?aeoa? coneeue, ui noai?ththoueny ia aeeiiaa/eo eaieao a?a?ii?ana, ui aeicaieeei i?aaenoaaeoe eiai iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aeeoa?aioe?eieie ??aiyiiyie ?ooo, e?euee?noue yeeo aecia/a?oueny e?euee?noth ?iai/eo eaiie. Cai?iiiiiaai? aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy ii/aoeiaeo ia?aiao??a ?ooo ?iai/eo eaiie ? iniiaieo ia?aiao??a AEAI - aiieeooaeieo cia/aiue inueiaiai oeneo a caaioiaoe? oa i?enei?aiue ooie?a aeiaeaoeiaeo a?ae?ioeee?iae??a a iiiaio ?o aca?iiae?? c i?an- oi?iith. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea ia ?iaioo a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea oaeeueiaeo yaeu a i?e?aeiaiiio ia'?i? a?ae?inenoaie i?ae /an ?iaioe a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/a. 5. I?e c?noaaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? ?ic?aoiaaieo a?ao?e?a caeaaeiinoae aiie?ooaeieo cia/aiue inueiaiai oeneo a iaoa??ae? caaioiaee a?ae eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a ? oaoi?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?a?ii?ana, a oaeiae inoeeeia?ai ?iai/eo oene?a a ii?iaeieiao a?ae?ioeee?iae??a a?ae?i?iioeueniiai i?eaiaea ? ia?ai?uaiue aeeiiaa/eo eaiie, io?eiaieo i?e aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo a?a?ii?ana c o?ueiia ia?aeaeueii i?ae'?aeiaieie a?ae?ioeee?iae?aie ? ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieo ia AII eiai iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ?ica?aeiino? neeaee 8 ... 13%, ia iniia? /iai iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui cai?iiiiiaai? oai?aoe/i? caeaaeiino? caaeiaieueiythoue oiiaai i?iaeoieo ?ic?aooie?a, i?eeiyo? i?eiouaiiy - ei?aeoi?, a iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aaeaeaaoia ?aaeueiei c?aceai. 6. ?ic?iaeaia iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea neioaco noai ? i?iaeoiiai ?ic?aooieo niaoe?aeueiiai a?a?ii?aniaiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey AEAI ia iniia? aaciai? iiaeae? ?AII. Iaaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c iiaea?i?caoe?? i?iieneiaeo c?ace?a ?AII ? noai?aiith ia ?o iniia? a?a?ii?an?a aeey AEAI. 7. ?ic?iaeaia ? ia?aaeaia A?iaa?nueeiio aea?aeaaiiio caaiaeo ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a?? ?iai/a aeieoiaioaoe?y ia a?a?ii?an aeey AEAI ia aac? i?iieneiaiai c?acea ?AII ? iaoiaeeeo eiai i?iaeoiiai ?ic?aooieo. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a ?iaioao: 1. Eneiae/-Eioioeeee ?. Ae., Naainoueyiia E. A. I aeeiaieea n?aaaouaaiey caii?iiai yeaiaioa aea?iaicaoaeeoaey aeae?ieiioeueniiai i?eaiaea //Aea?aoeee a oaoieea e oaoiieiaeyo.- 1998.- ?1 (5).- N. 22 - 25. 2. Eneiae/-Eioioeeee ?. Ae., Naainoueyiia E. A. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey aeae?ieiioeueniiai i?eaiaea iiiaieii?aeeiaoiiai aea?inoaiaea //Aea?aoeee a oaoieea e oaoiieiaeyo.- 1998.- ?1 (5).- N. 19 - 21. 3. Naaino'yiia ?. A. Neioac noai a?a?ii?an?a aeey aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai i?anoaaiiy caaioiaie //A?niee A?iieoeueeiai iie?oaoi?/iiai ?inoeoooo.- 1998.- ?1 (18).- N. 93 - 96. 4. Iaoaio ia aeiaoiae 12381 A, Oe?a?ia IIE6 A21J 9/06. Aiae?iiiioeueniee aia?ii?an- iieio / ?. ?. Iaa?otho, ?. Ae. Ineiae/- Eioioeueeee, I. A. Naainoueyiia, Ae. I. Eeei/oe (UA). - ?94097041; Cayaeaii 23.09.94; Iioae. 02.12.96, Athe. ?1. 5. Iaoaio ia aeiaoiae 12377 A, Oe?a?ia IIE6 F15B 21/12. Aaia?aoi? iiioeuenia oeneo / ?. Ae. Ineiae/- Eioioeueeee, ?. ?. Iaa?otho, I. A. Naainoueyiia, Ae. I. Eeei/oe (UA). - ?94097057; Cayaeaii 26.09.94; Iioae. 02.12.96, Athe. ?1. 6. Eneiae/- Eioioeeee ?. Ae., Naainoueyiia E. A. ?ac?aaioea aeeiaie/aneie iiaeaee aeae?ieiioeueniiai i?eaiaea //Oac. aeiee. o/?aaeeoaeueiiai eiia?anna ii oai?aoe/aneie e i?eeeaaeiie iaoaieea ”Iaoaieea - 95”. - Ieine: Aaei?onneay ainoaea?noaaiiay iieeoaoie/aneay aeaaeaiey. - 1995. - N. 110 - 111, 316 - 317. 7. Eneiae/- Eioioeeee ?. Ae., Iaa?otho ?. ?., Naainoueyiia E. A. Nicaeaiea aeae?ieiioeueniuo i?eaiaeia n ianeieueeeie ?aai/eie i?aaiaie //Oac. aeiee. eiioa?aioeee “Aeae?iiaoaieea a eiaeaia?iie i?aeoeea”. - Eeaa: Iaoeeiiaeueiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao Oe?aeiu. - 1996. - N. 16 - 17. 8. Eneiae/- Eioioeeee ?. Ae., Naainoueyiia E. A. Nia?aiaiiua aea?ioaoiieiaee ia aaca iai?oaeiaaiey n aeae?ieiioeueniui i?eaiaeii //Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii- oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu iaoeiino?iaiey e oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann”. - Naaanoiiieue: Naaanoiiieueneee no?ieoaeueiue oaoieeoi. - 1996. - N. 96 - 97. Iniaenoee aeeaae aeena?oaioa a ?iaioe, ui iioae?eiaai? a ni?aaaoi?noa?: A ?iaio? [1] ?ic?iaeaia aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue, a ?iaio? [2] i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? cai?iiiiiaai? aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino?, ?iaioa [3] aac ni?aaaoi??a, a ?iaioao [4, 5] aeeiiaiee iien noai ? ?iai/eo oeeee?a, a ?iaio? [6] ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy, a ?iaioao [7, 8] - eiino?oeoeai? noaie ie?aieo aoce?a onoaiiaee. Aiioaoe?y Naaino'yiia ?. A. A?a?ii?an c a?ae?i?iioeueniei i?eaiaeii aeey aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ii?ioeiaeo caaioiaie. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 05.03.05 - "I?ioeane ? iaoeie ia?iaee oeneii". A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, i. A?iieoey, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ?ic?iaeaiith eiino?oeoe?? ? iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaii? iaoiaeeee i?iaeoiiai ?ic?aooieo eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a a?a?ii?ana c a?ae?i?iioeueniei i?eaiaeii aeey oi?iiooai?aiiy niiniaii aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai a?a?ioaea?iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy caaioiaie neeaaeiioaniiieo ? aaeeeiaaaa?eoieo ae?ia?a ?c ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a c iaieanoe/ieie /anoeaie iniiae, ia aac? i?iieneiaiai c?acea a?a?ii?ana ?AII. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaeneiaeueieo u?eueiinoe ? ??aiiu?eueiinoe caaioiaie i?e caaeia?euei?e yeino? iiaa?oi? aei i?an- oi?ie i?eeeaaeathoueny ia??iaee/i? ?iioeuene ciai?oieo nee, ia?aiao?e yeeo, /enei aeaea?ae, iai?yiie, ? i?noea i?eeiaeaiiy aecia/athoueny o?ceei- iaoai?/ieie ? aaiiao??/ieie ia?aiao?aie caaioiaie. I?e oi?iiooai?aii? caaioiaie ae?ia?a oeio "iii?iee ?cieyoi?" c ii?ioeiaiai iaoa??aeo N2 ?iioeuenaie ciai?oieo nee, noai?th?ieo aeaiia aeeiiaa/eie eaieaie ia iiaea?i?ciaaiii a?a?ii?an? ?AII aeinyaiooi ca?eueoaiiy o ii??aiyii? ?c cae/aeiei niiniaii a?a?ioaea?iiai i?anoaaiiy na?aaeiuei? u?eueiino? caaioiaie ia 7 ... 11%, ??aiiu?eueiino? - ia 10 ... 14% i?e caaeia?eueii? yeino? ?o iiaa?oi?. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaaaoieiiiiiaioia a?a?ioaea?ia iaaaioaaeaiiy, ?ia?oe?eiee a?a?ii?an- iieio, a?ae?i?iioeueniee i?eaiae, a?a?icaoaeaeoaa/. Aiiioaoeey Naainoueyiia E. A. Aea?ii?ann n aeae?ieiioeueniui i?eaiaeii aeey iiiaieiiiiiaioiiai iaa?oaeaiey ii?ioeiauo caaioiaie. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05. 03. 05 - “I?ioeannu e iaoeiu ia?aaioee aeaaeaieai”, Aeiieoeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, a. Aeiieoea, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea eiino?oeoeee e iao/ii- iainiiaaiiie iaoiaeeee i?iaeoiiai ?an/aoa eiino?oeoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia aea?ii?anna n aeae?ieiioeueniui i?eaiaeii aeey oi?iiia?aciaaiey niiniaii iiiaieiiiiiaioiiai aea?ioaea?iiai iaa?oaeaiey caaioiaie neiaeiioaniiiuo e e?oiiiaaaa?eoiuo ecaeaeee ec ii?ioeiauo iaoa?eaeia n iaieanoe/iuie /anoeoeaie iniiau, ia aaca i?iiuoeaiiiai ia?acoea aea?ii?anna EAII. Aeey aeinoeaeaiey iaeneiaeueiuo ieioiinoe e ?aaiiieioiinoe caaioiaie i?e oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiii ea/anoaa iiaa?oiinoe e i?ann- oi?ia i?eeeaaeuaathony ia?eiaee/aneea eiioeuenu aiaoieo nee, ia?aiao?u eioi?uo, /enei enoi/ieeia, iai?aaeaiea e ianoi i?eeiaeaiey ii?aaeaeythony oeceei- iaoaie/aneeie e aaiiao?e/aneeie ia?aiao?aie caaioiaie. I?e oi?iiia?aciaaiee caaioiaie ecaeaeee oeia “iii?iue ecieyoi?” ec ii?ioeiaiai iaoa?eaea N2 eiioeuenaie aiaoieo nee, nicaeaaaaiuie aeaoiy eniieieoaeueiuie caaiueyie, ia iiaea?iece?iaaiiii aea?ii?anna EAII aeinoeaiooi oaaee/aiea ii n?aaiaieth n iau/iui niiniaii aea?ioaea?iiai i?anniaaiey n?aaeiae ieioiinoe caaioiaie ia 7 ... 11%, ?aaiiieioiinoe - ia 10 ... 14% i?e oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiii ea/anoaa eo iiaa?oiinoe. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiiaieiiiiiaioiia aea?ioaea?iia iaa?oaeaiea, eia?oeeiiiue aea?ii?ann- iieio, aeae?ieiioeueniue i?eaiae, aea?iaicaoaeeoaeue. The summary Sevostyanov I. V. Vibropress with a hydropulsing drive for multicomponent loading of powdery preparations.- Manuscript. Dissertation to receive of a scientific degree of the candidate of technical sciences on a speciality 05.03.05 - "Processes and machines of processing by pressure". Vinnitsa state technical university, Vinnitsa, 1998. The dissertation is devoted to development of a design and is scientific of a reasonable technique of design parameters of vibropress with a hydropulsing drive for moulding by a way multicomponent vibro-blowing loading of preparations complicated- form and large-sized products from powdery materials with unplastic particles of a basis, on the basis of an industrial sample vibropress IVPM. For achievement of maximum density and equidensity of preparations at satisfactory quality of a surface to the press- form added periodic pulses of external forces, parameters of which, number of sources are put, direction and place of the application are defined physical, mechanical and geometrical parameters of preparations. At moulding of preparations of products as " basic isolator " from powdery of a material N2 the pulses of external forces, created by two executive links, on modernized vibropress IVPM achieve increase in comparison with a usual way vibro- blowing pressing of average density of preparations on 7 ... 11%, equidensity - on 10 ... 14% at satisfactory quality of their surface. Key words: multicomponent vibro-blowing loading, inertial vibropress-hammer, hydropulsing drive, vibroexciter.

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