OI?AA?NEOAO AIOO??OI?O NI?AA

Eaeeiianueeee TH??e TH??eiae/

OAeE 323.15 (477)

AEA?? OA ?AAE?CAOe?ss AOIIIAOe?IIAEUeII? IIAeAE? A I?IOeAN?
AeA?AEAAIOAI?AIIss

23.00.02 — iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe ? i?ioeane

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iie?oieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eooeue Ieaen?e Ia?eiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iie?oieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe aeieoi? iie?oe/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

I?ai?aa Ethaia Ieeiea?aia,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e nioe?ieia?? ? iie?oieia??

eaiaeeaeao iie?oe/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oaiiaaeaiei Ia?eia Aieiaeeie??aia,

Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e o?einio?? ? iie?oieia??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa ?inoeooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I.
Ei?aoeueeiai

IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ?noi?eei –

iie?oieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aea?aeaae ?

i?aaa Oe?a?ie, (i. Ee?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “20 ” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.64.700.01 a Oi?aa?neoao?
aioo??oi?o ni?aa ca aae?anith: 310080, i.Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo 50-??//y N?N?,
27).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oi?aa?neoaoo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa (310080, i.Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo 50-??//y N?N?, 27).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 19 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aioe A.ss.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?NOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ioean noaiiaeaiiy iacaeaaeii?
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, aeaiie?aoecaoe?y noni?euenoaa iio?aaothoue iiaeo
i?aeoiae?a aei i?iaeai o aoiiiaoe?iiaeuei?e noa??, iaaeiiouaiiy
eiioe?eo?a o oe?e ieiuei?, iiooeo aeanii? iioeiaeueii?
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae?, yea a aeicaieeea aa?iii?eii ii?aeiaoe
?ioa?ane an?o noa’?eo?a iie?aoi?/iiai noni?euenoaa.

Aeey Oe?a?ie ? ae?ae aeooaeueiith i?iaeaia ?ic?iaee oa ao?eaiiy
?ioaa?aoe?eieo aoiino?aoaa?e ye ia caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio, oae ? ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo. Iiae?? ia iinonioe?ae?noe/iiio i?inoi?? ua ?ac
i?aeoaa?aeeee, ui iaoooaaiiy ?ioa?anaie ie?aieo ia?iae?a iiaea i?ecaanoe
ia o?eueee aei eieaeueiiai eiioe?eoo, a e aei aeanoaa?e?caoe?? o oe?eiio
?aa?ii? (Einiai, *a/iy, Iaai?iee Ea?aaao). Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai a Oe?a?i?
ne?ae eiino?oeoeai?oa noaaeoenue aei i?iaeai e?einueei-oaoa?nueeiai
ia?iaeo, ?onei?a Caea?iaooy, aoiiiie?oe/ieo iniaeeainoae Caoiaeo ?
Noiaeo iaoi? e?a?ie.

Aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie oaeiae iaoiiaeaia noaiii aeine?aeaeaiiy
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae ??cieo oei?a o iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??, iniaeeai
oeo, ui ciaoiaeyoueny ia noaae?? o?ainoi?iaoe?? – ia?aoiaeo a?ae iaei???
iie?oe/ii? nenoaie aei ?ioi?. A o?i aiae?c aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae
na?ae/eoue, ui ?o aea/aiiy oa ocaaaeueiaiiy oao?aoeyie caeeoa?oueny
iaaeinoaoi?i, cie?aia i?aeoe/ii a?aenooiy ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea
??ciiiai?oieo eeaneo?eaoe?eieo nenoai uiaei aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo
eiino?oeoe?e, iio?aao? iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy ?aaeueia canoinoaaiiy
iaaieo aoiino?aoaa?e, anoaiiaeaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa
aeaiie?aoe/iiai /eiiee?a a i?ioean? aea?aeaaioai?aiiy, aecia/aiiy
nooiaiy eiioe?eoiino? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae oa oaeoi??a, ui ??
ni?e/eiythoue. I?iaeaia aoiiiaoe?iiaeueiiai iiaeaethaaiiy iaaoaa?
iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy aeey iinooioae?oa?ieo e?a?i ?
oneeaaeith?oueny aeiiii?/iith e?ecith, naia?aoenonueeeie oaiaeaioe?yie o
noni?euenoa?.

Iiaoaeiaa aeaiie?aoe/ii? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? a Oe?a?i?
aaciina?aaeiuei caeaaeeoue a?ae ao?eaiiy aaceiioe?eoieo aoiino?aoaa?e c
o?aooaaiiyi i?aeia?iaeiiai aeina?aeo. Aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie
iaoiiaeaia ye c oai?aoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o, oae ? c i?aeoe/ii-i?iaiinoe/ii?,
?iiaaoe?eii?, ine?eueee ia oe? nenoaiii? e?ece niinoa??aa?oueny
iineeaiiy aeac?ioaa?aoe?eieo oaiaeaioe?e o noni?euenoa?, c?inoaiiy
ia?a?iaeueieo yaeu, ??ciiiai?aaeaieo i?a?aoe?eieo iioie?a, cieaeaiiy
aeaiia?ao?/ieo iieaciee?a aoi?/iiai a?aeoai?aiiy, iie?oecaoe?y
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueiiai na?aaeiaeua.

Ca(ycie aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
I?iiiiiaaia i?aoey aaciina?aaeiuei iia(ycaia c eiiieaeniith iaoeiaith
oaiith eaoaae?e iie?oieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo:
«Aeaaea oa ?? ?aae?caoe?y o iacaeaaei?e Oe?a?i?».

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. Aea?? oa ?aae?caoe?y aeanii?
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? ? iaiao?aeiith neeaaeiaith aea?aeaaioai?aiiy
o an? /ane, ui iaoiiaeth? iniaeeao oaaao aei oeueiai ieoaiiy, yea
ciaeoei a?aeia?aaeaiiy o ?iaioao ye a?o/eciyieo, oae ? caei?aeiiieo
aeine?aeiee?a.

Ia?oo a?oio neeaaeathoue ?iaioe a/aieo, ui ?icaeyaeathoue
eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae iiaoaeiae aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae, ?o iniiai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oa eeaneo?eaoe?ei? iieacieee: A.Aeiiiae, Aai aeai Aa?a,
?.Aa?ca?, I.Ai?aeai, I.Ea?ooiia, I.Eo/a?aiei, A.Eaeioa?o, I.E?nie/oe,
I.Iaeai?iaea, I.Iai/?i?,I.Iaoa?nii, TH.?eia?aiei,Aeae.?ioo?eueae,
N.Niooa, Ae.Oaeae.

Ae?oao a?oio i?aoeue ?ai?acaioothoue oao?aoe?, ye? i?eae?eeee cia/io
oaaao ?icaeyaeo aoai?a ?icaeoeo aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae, aecia/aiith
iniaeeainoae eiaeiiai c ieo: A.Aiae???a, Aiuey Iaoa?nii ?ien, Ae.Aaee,
TH.A?iieae, I.Aaaa?, A.Aaeia?, I.Aeaeca?, E.Aeie/, I.Ea?eoii Oae?n,
A.Iiae?y, E.Iiiia?, A.Ni?o, N.Noaeiaa?a, A.ssi. Ie?aii ne?ae aecia/eoe
oeo a/aieo, ui aiae?coaaee iniaeeaino? oe?a?inueei? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii?
iiaeae? (aoaie ?? oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo) o ??ci? /ane oa c
??ciiiai?oieo oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo iiceoe?e: I.Ai/eianueeee,
TH.Aa/einueeee, TH.A?eue/einueeee, I.A?ooaanueeee, Ae.Aeiioeia,
I.Ae?aaiiaiia, O.C?iuee?anueeee, O.Eaiae, ?.Eo?an, I.Eooeue,
A.Eeieinueeee, ?.Eenye-?oaeieoeueeee, I.I?oiianueeee, E.Iaai?ia,
E.I?ai?aa, ?.Iie?uoe, A.Noa?inieuenueeee, A.Oa?aoao, I.Oii?aoi.

Aei o?aouei? a?oie i?aoeue ne?ae a?aeianoe ?iaioe a?o/eciyieo oa
caei?aeiiieo a/aieo, ye? ?icaeyaeaee ??ci? oeie aoiino?aoaa?e, eio??
neeaaeathoue iie?oe/io iniiao aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae?, aecia/ath/e ?o
iaaeie?ee ? ia?aaaae: A.Aaao?aeca, O.Aiai?aeca, I.Aae?oea?, ?.Ae?uaiei,
I.Aieaeaoeueeay, Ai??ea Oinan Aniaaeaea?, ?.Eaaaiaoeue, E.Iiaeaei?yi,
A.Iia?eia, TH.Iaoeue/ainueeee, A.Iao?eu?a, A.Oeeaoeuee?i, N.*a?aiiay,
A.Oeieueiye, A.Ua?aeia.

*aoaa?oa a?oia i?aoeue neeaaea?oueny c ?ic?iaie oaeeo aeine?aeiee?a, ye
O.Aeaen??aa, A.A/eania, O.Aaaea?, A.Aaoo/a?, I.Aaaa?, I.Aeaieeia,
I.Aea?aa/ia, N.?e?n??a, N.Eaioeia, Ae.Oaeae, I.Oaiiaaeaiei, TH.THaeaiia,
eio?? ?icaeyaeathoue eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee aei i?iaeaie eaa?oeiaoe??
aeaiie?aoe/iiai iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio i?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae?, iniaeeaino? o?ainoi?iaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo ia
iino?aaeyinueeiio i?inoi??.

Aei i’yoi? a?oie aaoi? a?aeiineoue ?iaioe oao?aoe?a, ui i?iaiae?coaaee
nooi?noue aoiiiaoe?iiaii? iiaeae?, a oaeiae i?aoe? oeo a/aieo, eio??
?icaeyaeaee aieea ia?a?iaeueieo oaiaeaioe?e ia ?icaeoie noni?euenoaa ye
oe?e?nii? nenoaie. Aei ieo aaoi? ca?aoiao? A.A?eueae?inueeiai,
A.Aea?aa/ueiaa, A.C?iiaey, A.I?eiea?aa, ?.Ia?ea, A.Iiiiia?ueiaa,
A.Iiooeueieoeueeiai, ?.?aoeianueeiai, I.Noaoaeueiiai, I.O?aa?ia,
A.Oa?aea, I.Ooei, I.Ooeueao.

Oinoo a?oio i?aoeue ?ai?acaioothoue oae? a/ai?, ye I.Aioiithe,
A.A?oeianueea, A.Ai?aoe?i, A.A?a/ai?iia, E.Ae?ia?aeaaa, O.C?ae?ia,
A.?aiaoia, A.E?aiaiue, ?.Eoae?yaoeaaa, N.Iae??a, I.Ia?ooianueea,
I.I??ei, ?.Ieeieae/oe, A.Ieeeiaiei, A.Noa?inoaiei, E.Oa?aiaoe,
I.Oauaanueeee, A.Oanaiei, A.Oe???, A.Oiaeueei. Aiie i?inoaaeothoue aieea
aeaiia?ao?/iiai, eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai, iiaiiai, aaiiie?oe/iiai,
a?enueeiaiai /eiiee?a ia aoiiiie?oe/io aaciaeo aoii-

iaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? ia?ao?aeiiai oeio, aei yeeo iaeaaeeoue ?
oe?a?inueea.

A?aeaeath/e iaeaaeia oai?aoe/iiio ? i?aeoe/iiio cia/aiith aeine?aeaeaiue
a?o/eciyieo oa caei?aeiiieo a/aieo, iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe iaaeinoaoi?e
??aaiue ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie aeai?o oa ?aae?caoe?? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii?
iiaeae? o o?ainoi?iaoe?eiee ia??iae, a?aenooi?noue nenoaiiiai ?icaeyaeo
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? a
i?ioean? aea?aeaaioai?aiiy. Oaeiae ne?ae i?aee?aneeoe, ui o
aeuaicia/ai?e e?oa?aoo?? eiioe?eoieia?/i? aniaeoe oe?a?inueei?
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? aiae?cothoueny eeoa /anoeiai, a?ae??aaii
iaeei a?ae iaeiiai.

Aeyaeaiee nooi?iue ?ic?iaeaiino? ia?aii? i?iaeaie, a oaeiae iaaaeueia
iio?aaa o iie?oieia?/iiio aiae?c? aecia/eee ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao iaoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueia iiaeaeue aea?aeaae ye
oai?aoe/ia eiino?oeoe?y oa iniaeeaino? ?? ?icai?oaiiy o
o?ainoi?iaoe?eiee ia??iae ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aea?? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? a Oe?a?i?
? eiioe?eoieia?/i? aniaeoe ?? ?aae?caoe?? a i?ioean? aea?aeaaioai?aiiy.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaoiiaeaia aeooaeuei?noth oa nooiaiai ?ic?iaeaiino? ia?aii? oaie ?
iieyaa? o aecia/aii? nooo?aeo oa?aeoa?enoee eeaneo?eaoe??
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae oa aiae?c? eiioe?eoieia?/ieo aniaeo?a
?aae?caoe?? oe?a?inueei? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? a i?ioean?
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee iinoaaeai? ianooii?
caaaeaiiy:

— aecia/eoe oa?aeoa?i? ?ene ??ciiiai?oieo aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae oa
ooi/ieoe aoaie ?o oi?ioaaiiy;

— ?icaeyiooe iie?oe/i? i?aeoeee aoiino?aoaa?e o oioae?oa?ieo,
iinooioae?oa?ieo oa aeaiie?aoe/ieo aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeyo;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe iniaeeaino? eaa?oeiaoe?? aeaiie?aoe/iiai iie?oe/iiai
?aaeeio a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae?;

— ?ice?eoe iniaeeaino? aoiieoeueoo?ii? ia?a?iaeueiino? a Oe?a?i? oa ??
aieea ia ??aaiue eiioe?eoiino? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae?;

— anoaiiaeoe i?noea oa ?ieue aoiiiie?oe/iiai /eiieea o nenoai?
iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee Oe?a?ie;

-cae?enieoe ai?iaaoe?th aeayeeo iieiaeaiue oa a?iioac aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?ae /an nioe?ieia?/iiai iieooaaiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia oa iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
neeaaea?oueny c ?aeae ? eiioeaioe?e a?o/eciyieo oa caei?aeiiieo
iie?oieia?a, nioe?ieia?a, o?einio?a, aoiiaea?aeaaiciaaoe?a, aoiia?ao?a.
Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith ?iaioe ? nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae,
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee oa e?euee?nii-ye?niee aiae?c, ye?
aeicaieythoue ?icaeyiooe aoiiiaoe?iiaeueio noa?o noni?euenoaa ye
neeaaeiii?aai?ciaaio eiino?oeoe?th, aaciaei aeaiaioii yei? ?
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueia iiaeaeue.

O ?iaio? aaoi? caa?oa?oueny aei iieiaeaiue Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie,
Eiioeaioe?? iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee Oe?a?ie, «Aeaeea?aoe?? i?aa
iaoe?iiaeueiinoae Oe?a?ie», «Caeiio Oe?a?ie i?i iaoe?iiaeuei? iaioeie»,
«Aeaeea?aoe?? i?i i?aaa in?a, ye? iaeaaeaoue aei iaoe?iiaeueieo aai
aoi?/ieo, ?ae?a?eieo ? iiaieo iaioei» (III,1992 ?.), «?aieiai?
eiiaaioe?? i?i caoeno iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei» (IAN?, 1996 ?),
aeei?enoiaoaaa iaoa??aee ia??iaee/ii? i?ane oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?e.

Iniaeeaa cia/aiiy aeey aiae?co oaie iaee ?iaioe TH.?eia?aiea,
I.Ea?ooiiaa, A.Eaeioa?oa, A.Ni?oa, TH.A?iieay, A.Aaeia?a, Ae.Oaeaea,
A.Eeieinueeiai.

Aii??e/iith aacith aeena?oaoe?? noaee i?aenoiee nioe?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo ?inoeoooii nioe?ieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie,
aeine?aeii-iaa/aeueiei oeaio?ii «Aeaiie?aoe/i? ?i?oe?aoeae», aiae?oe/i?
iaoa??aee Iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?inoeoooo no?aoaa?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?e
?aae? iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee ? iai?iie Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe
aeaniiai nioe?ieia?/iiai iieooaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy.Cai?iiiiiaaia eiioeaioe?y aeeth/a? a naaa
oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa nioe?aeuei? i?iaiice, a yeeo ?ice?eaa?oueny
iaoai?ci aca?iia?aeiinei o nenoai? aoiin-iaoe?y-aea?aeaaa oa ?o i?iya o
iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? iinooioae?oa?iiai noni?euenoaa.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aecia/athoueny oae? iaea?aeai?
aeena?oaioii iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

ooi/iaii iiiyooy “aoiiiaoe?iiaeueia iiaeaeue aea?aeaae”, i?ae yeith
i?iiiio?oueny ?icoi?oe ?aoe?iiaeueio oa aa?iii?eio nenoaio aca?iiae??
i?ae aoiinaie, iaoe??th oa iie?oe/iith aeaaeith: ooai?aiiy aoaeoeaii?
oi?ie ono?ith oa i?aae?iiy o iie?aoi?/i?e aea?aeaa? ? iiooe
aaceiioe?eoieo cania?a ?aae?caoe?? iaoe?iiaeueieo i??i?eoao?a ia aac?
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoae;

— cai?iiiiiaaii aaoi?nueea ?icoi?iiy nooiino? oa ci?noo aoai?a ?icaeoeo
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae, yeeie ? iie?oecaoe?y aoi?/iino?, ooai?aiiy
iaoe?? oa iiaoaeiaa iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae;

— eiiieaenii i?iaiae?ciaai? ??ci? oeie aoiino?aoaa?e o oioae?oa?ieo,
aeaiie?aoe/ieo oa ia?ao?aeieo aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeyo. Iaiao?aeii
i?aee?aneeoe, ui aoiino?aoaa?? ? ??ciiaeaeii aoiiiie?oeee, ui
ia?aaeaa/a? aaaaoiieaiia? a?aeiineie i?ae aea?aeaaith oa ?? aoi?/ieie
ooai?aiiyie c o?aooaaiiyi eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieo iniaeeainoae iaaieo
ia?iae?a ? no/aniiai iie?oe/iiai noaiiaeua e?a?ie;

— aecia/aia iayai?noue eiioe?eoieia?/ieo aniaeo?a o aoiiiaoe?iiaeueiiio
na?aaeiaeu? Oe?a?ie: c iie?oe/ii? oi/ee ci?o — i?iaeaia iiaeaeueoiai
?icaeoeo eaa?oeiaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo aeaiie?aoe/ii? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii?
iiaeae?; c aoiieoeueoo?ii? – ?nioaaiiy ia?a?iaeueieo oaiaeaioe?e o
noni?euenoa?, ii?aeiaiiy aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? ?oa?aeiino? oa nioe?aeueii?
aii?oiino? o iaaii? /anoeie oe?a?inueeiai ianaeaiiy; c oi/ee ci?o
iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee — i?iaeaia aaeineiiaeaiiy caoenoo
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo ooai?aiue, ? o i?aa oa naiaiae,

iineeaiiy eiio?ieth ca ??ciini?yiiaaieie i?a?aoe?eieie iioieaie,
caa?aaeaiiy ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai iioaioe?aeo iaoe??, ooai?aiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia aeey noaa?eueiiai aoi?/iiai a?aeoai?aiiy o
e?a?i? (i?eieiaiiy aeaiiioeyoe??). ?acoeueoaoe nioe?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaaaeaieo ye aeanii?o/, oae ? caiice/aieo,
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeeeaaeaia aeua;

— iaa?oioiaaii ? caaaa/aii iiiyooy “aoiiiie?oe/ia aaciaea aea?aeaae”,
yeith ? noai caoeuaiino? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo ooai?aiue o aea?aeaa?,
iaoe?? a oe?eiio oa iniaenoino? (iacaeaaeii a?ae aoi?/ii?
?aeaioeo?eaoe??) a?ae aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o caa?ic o aeaeyae?
aaiioeeaeo, enaiioia??, ianeeueieoeueei? anei?eyoe??. Iniiaieie
ia?aiao?aie aoiiiie?oe/ii? aaciaee ? oae?: aeaiia?ao?/iee, eoeueoo?iee,
iiaiee, iie?oe/iee, nioe?aeueiee, aeieia?/iee, aeiiii?/iee, ?ano?niee,
aia?aaoe/iee, ?ioi?iaoe?eiee, a?enueeiaee.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?
aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? neeaaeathoue oai?aoe/io ? iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao
aeey iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy i?iaeai o aoiiiaoe?iiaeuei?e noa??
noni?euenoaa, cie?aia ??ciiiai?oieo aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae.

C?iaeai? aeniiaee aeicaieythoue aeyaeoe eiioe?eoieia?/i? aniaeoe
oe?a?inueei? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? c iie?oe/ii?,
eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ii? oi/ie ci?o, c?icoi?oe ?o aieea ia caaaeueiee
noni?eueiee ?icaeoie e?a?ie o o?ainoi?iaoe?eiee ia??iae. I?iaaaeaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy yaey? niaith i?eeeaae aeei?enoaiiy i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo
iaoiae?a aeey aiae?co iie?aoie/ieo, aaaaoineeaaeiaeo iiaeaeae.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e aea/aii? aeayeeo
oai c iie?oieia??, aoiiaea?aeaaiciaanoaa, oe?a?iiciaanoaa o?einio?? oa
nioe?ieia??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iathoue i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy i?e
ae?iaeaii? ?aa?iiaeueieo oa caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo aoiino?aoaa?e ye
oai?aoe/ia i?aea?oioy aeey aa?iii?caoe?? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueiiai na?aaeiaeua
a Oe?a?i?. Iaoeia? ?ic?iaee aaoi?a aeena?oaoe?? ciaeoee ao?eaiiy i?ae
/an /eoaiiy eo?n?a eaeoe?e «Iniiae iie?oieia??» oa «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
o?einio?? ? iie?oieia??», i?e iaienaii? iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa
o/aiaiai iin?aieea o Oa?e?anueeiio a?enueeiaiio oi?aa?neoao?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa i?aeoe/i? aeniiaee
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia eaoaae?? iie?oieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo oa ia eaoaae?? o?einio?? Oa?e?anueeiai a?enueeiaiai
oi?aa?neoaoo, aoee i?iaieioai? ia i?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiee ono??e Oe?a?ie e??cue
i?ecio ?ioa?an?a ?aa?ii?a oa aea?aeaae» (Oa?e?a, 1994); ia
i?aeaoc?anuee?e eiioa?aioe?? «O?einio?y aeaeeaaiiy o nenoai?
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoae» (Oa?e?a, 1995); ia i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «?a?iia: ?aaeueiino? ? iiaeeeaino?»
(Oa?e?a, 1998); oa anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«I?iaeaie aaciaee ia ii?ic? OO? noi??//y» (Ee?a, 1998); ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie ?noi??? oa i?aaiciaanoaa
iai?ee?ioe? OO noi??//y» (Caii??aeaey, 1999).

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa. An? i?eioeeiia? ?aea? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaeaaeaoue iniaenoi caeiaoaa/o. Aieiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeeeaaeai? o noaooyo
? ioae?eaoe?yo (caaaeueiee ianya — 2,5 ae?. a?eooa).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Eia?ea ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy
aecia/eea eiai no?oeoo?o, iacao ?icae?e?a oa i?ae?icae?e?a. Aeena?oaoe?y
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a oa oanoe i?ae?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe??
— 180 noi??iie, ia?ae?e aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ia? 246 iaeiaioaaiue (18
noi??iie). A iniiaiiio oaeno? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe i?noeoueny 6
oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeINE?AeAEAIIss

O anooi? ?ice?eaa?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, nooi?noue ? noai ?ic?iaee
iaoeiai? i?iaeaie, iaa?oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/athoueny iaoa, caaaeaiiy, ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao
aeena?oaoe??, aeaco?oueny ?? oai?aoe/ia ? iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa,
iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue, i?noeoueny ia?ae?e
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e, ia yeeo a?aeaoeany ai?iaaoe?y iniiaieo
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, oaeiae aeaia no?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Aoiiiaoe?iiaeueia iiaeaeue aea?aeaae ye ia’?eo
iie?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy», yeee no?oeoo?ii neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio
i?ae?icae?e?a, aeine?aeaeothoueny ??ciiiai?oi? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy
eeaneo?eaoe?? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae, aoaie ?o oi?ioaaiiy oa
iie?oe/i? i?aeoeee aoiino?aoaa?e o oioae?oa?ieo ? aeaiie?aoe/ieo
aea?aeaaao.

Ia?oee i?ae?icae?e «Eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae oeiieia?caoe??
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae» ni?yiiaai ia ?ice?eooy nooiino? naii?
aiae?co?ii? eaoaai??? (aoiiiaoe?iiaeueia iiaeaeue) oa aecia/aiiy
oa?aeoa?ieo ?en ??ciiiai?oieo aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e. Ci?no
oeueiai iiiyooy eiie?aoeco?oueny ia i?ioyc? anueiai i?ae?icae?eo oeyoii
ii??aiyiiy ??cieo oei?a aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae. Aiae?coth/e ?iaioe
A.Ni?oa, TH.A?iieay, E.Aoi?eueiaa, E.THiaa, I.Ni?ie?ia, A.I?acaoneana,
TH.?eia?aiea, I.Iaeai?iaee, aaoi? iiae?ey? aoiiiaoe?iiaeuei? iiaeae? ia
aaoa?iaaii? oa aiiiaaii? c oi/ee ci?o aoi?/iiai yae?a, caa?oath/e oaaao
ia e?euee?ni? iieacieee oa ye?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Aeena?oaio aaaaea? ca
iiaeeeaa cai?iiiioaaoe aa?n?th aeii?ioth/iai aoiino, eio?ee aa?a ia naaa
aeoeaio ia’?aeioaaeueio ooieoe?th oa iaae?ey? nai?i aoiii?iii ye
iaoe?th, oae ? aea?aeaao. Aeiaaaeaii, ui i?ioeane aoi?/iiai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, ooai?aiiy iiaeo aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae iathoue
iaaio oeeee?/i?noue, yea iia’ycaia c ?iciaaeii ?iia??e, ai?ioueaith
aacaea?aeaaieo ia?iae?a ca nai? naiiaecia/aiiy.

?ioa eeaneo?eaoe?eia n?oea ?ic?iaeaia aia?eeainueeei aeine?aeieeii
Aeae.?ioo?eueaeii, yeee cai?iiiioaaa o?e aoiiiaoe?iiaeuei?
(aoiiiie?oe/i?) iiaeae?: «aa?oeeaeueii? ???a?o??», «ia?aeaeueii?
naaiaioaoe??» oa «ia?ao?auaii? n?oee». Ia?oa iiaeaeue a?aeianaia
aeena?oaioii aei aaoi?eoa?ii-oioae?oa?iiai oeio, eiee o aea?aeaa? ?nio?
iai?aia a?oia (o oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii?: ?aniaa, iaoe?iiaeueia, aoi?/ia) ?
iiaeeeaino? iaianeeueieoeueei? iiaea?i?caoe?? aoiino?oeoo?e noni?euenoaa
? aeinoaoiuei iaiaaeaieie. Aiaeia?/ieie iieacieeaie aecia/a?oueny
iiaeaeue «aeaiie?ao?? ?ane (ia?iaeo) iai?a», yea ao?ethaaeanue a aeeooy
o a?oea??anuee?e I?ia//ei? oa I?aaeaiii-Ao?eeainuee?e ?anioae?oe? ca
/an?a aia?oa?aeo. Ae?oaa iiaeaeue — «ia?aeaeueii? naaiaioaoe??» ?
ia?ao?aeiith a?ae aaoi?eoa?ii-oioae?oa?ieo aei aeaiie?aoe/ieo
aoiieiino?oeoe?e ? ia? ni?euei? iciaee c «aoi?/iith aai iaoe?iiaeueiith
aeaiie?ao??th», yea aeieea? i?e ci?i? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a e?a?i? aai
i?ae /an ooai?aiiy iiai? aea?aeaae. Aei iiaeaeae oaeiai oeio iiaeia
a?aeianoe «ei?ii?aoeaio» oa «eeaiiao» aeaiie?ao??, aeaiaioe yeeo
caeiaoee oe?iea ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ia iino?aaeyinueeiio i?inoi?? (a oiio
/ene? ? a Oe?a?i?). ?i i?eoaiaiiee aenieee nooi?iue a?oiiaeo ?ioa?an?a,
ai?ioueaa ca aeiiii?/iee, iie?oe/iee aieea o noni?euenoa?,
ia?a?aiaee?iaea nioe?aeueieo noaoon?a oa aoi?/ii? «aaae» o e?a?i?.
Ianooiia iiaeaeue «ia?ao?auaii? n?oee» iineoue aeaiie?aoe/iee oa?aeoa? ?
aiaeia?/ia oaeei eiino?oeoe?yi ye «iaaei?eoa?ia aeaiie?ao?y» o NOA,
Aaeeeia?eoai?? oa «ni-noni?eueia aeaiie?ao?y» o Aaeuea??, Eaiaae?,
Oaaeoea???. Oeei iiaeaeyi aeanoeaa aeoeaia aca?iiae?y ??ciiiai?oieo
aoi?/ieo a?oi, ye? aeeiiothoue iaaiee ianya nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo
ooieoe?e a ??cieo noni?eueieo aaeocyo oa aeiiii?/ieo naeoi?ao. Aea
i?aeoeea na?ae/eoue, ui ? a oaeeo eiino?oeoe?yo aaoiiaoe/ii ia
aa?aioo?oueny ??aia i?aaenoaaieoeoai aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo a?oi o
iie?oe/ieo i?aai?caoe?yo, i?aaiao aeaaee, ?o iaeiiaa ??ai?noue. A oie
aea /an aoiiiaoe?iiaeuei? iiaeae? «ia?ao?auaii? n?oee» iaea?eueo
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeaiie?aoe/iiio ono?ith aea?aeaae, eiee aoi?/i? ?
iaoe?iiaeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia i?ioenoaaeythoueny iiiyooth
«a?iiaaeyiei», a i?aai?/ii aeiiiaiththoue eiai.

Iniaeeao oaaao aaoi? i?eae?eea ?icaeyaeo «ni-noni?eueii? aeaiie?ao??»,
ine?eueee naia oey iiaeaeue aeicaiey? i?aai?/ii ii?aeiaoe aeaiie?aoe/iee
iie?oe/iee ?aaeei c aaaaoineeaaeiaith, iie?aoi?/iith no?oeoo?ith
noni?euenoaa. A?aoiaoth/e ??ciiiai?oi? iieacieee iie?oe/iiai,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Aaeuea??, Eaiaaee, Oaaeoea??? ?
Oe?a?ie, a aeena?oaoe?? aiae?cothoueny eiinioe?aoeai? oaoiieia?? ia
??aiyo aea?aeaaa — ?aa?iie, aea?aeaaa — aoi?/i? ni?eueiioe, iaoai?cie
?o ao?eaiiy oa iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy a iao?e e?a?i?. Aei aieiaieo ?en
oe??? iiaeae? ne?ae a?aeianoe: cae?eniaiiy aeaaee oae caaiith «aaeeeith
eiae?oe??th», yea neeaaea?oueny c i?aaenoaaiee?a ae?o on?o aoi?/ieo
ni?eueiio; aca?iia aaoi; i?iii?oe?ei?noue iie?oe/iiai i?aaenoaaieoeoaa;
aenieee nooi?iue aaoiiiiiino? eiaeii? ni?eueiioe o ae??oaii? nai?o
aioo??oi?o i?iaeai; a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca caaaeueiiaea?aeaai? ni?aae.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? «Aoaie oi?ioaaiiy aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae ye
oai?aoe/ia i?iaeaia» aena?oeththoueny iniiai? noaae?? ooai?aiiy
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae, ye? c aeayeeie ooi/iaiiyie i?iiiio?oueny
?icaeyaeaoe ye caaaeuei?: iie?oecaoe?y aoi?/iino?, ooai?aiiy iaoe?? oa
iiaoaeiaa aeanii? aea?aeaae. A oie aea /an iaiao?aeii ?ic??ciyoe
«iie?oecaoe?th aoi?/iino?» ? «aoi?caoe?th iie?oeee»: o ia?oiio aeiaaeeo
oea iiaooiy eiinie?aeoth/a neea ni?yiiaaia ia iiaoaeiao iaoe?? oa
aea?aeaae, o ae?oaiio — aeano?oeoe?y o iie?aoi?/i?e aea?aeaa?, eiee
naia?aoenonuee? oaiaeaioe?? ooo/ii i?aeneeththoueny ? aeei?enoiaothoueny
ie?aieie iie?oe/ieie neeaie aeey iaai?oaiiy eiioe?eoiino? o
i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiineiao. Aeiaaaeaii, ui «naia?aoeci» ?
«oeaio?ae?ci» ? ia’?eoeaieie yaeuaie iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano, aei yeeo ia
aa?oi i?aeoiaeeoe oaaeiiii. Aaaeaiiy aeeoe naiino?eii ? i?e?iaeiei aeey
oiai aai ?ioiai ia?iaeo, ? eiai aaaeei coieieoe ye neeiaeie ae?yie, oae
? iaeoaie, aeiaiai?aie, oei/aniaeie iinooieaie. Naia?aoenonuee?
oaiaeaioe??, ye i?aaeei, aeieeathoue o a?aeiia?aeue ia iaaei??iee
oeaio?ae?ci, iaoooaaiiy ?ioa?anaie oeo /e ?ioeo ia?iae?a. Aea iiaeeeaa
ooo/ia ooai?aiiy eiioe?eoo, iaaienia eiai i?iaieoaaiiy iaaieie
iie?oe/ieie a?oiaie, i?enei?aiiy naia?aoenonueeeo i?ioean?a ciai?oi?ie
neeaie (o?iainoaaiiy c-ca ei?aeiio, ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ia i?aeo?eiea
oiui).

Aaeaeee ia?ao?ae aei iaoe?iiaeueiiai aoaio o oi?ioaaii? aoiiiie?oe/ii?
iiaeae?, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, aaciina?aaeiuei caeaaeeoue a?ae i?aai?/iiai
ii?aeiaiiy aoi?/ii? ia?aaeeaie ?aeaioe/iino? oa iaoe?iiaeueii?
ia?aaeeaie ?aeaioe/iino?. A iniiao aoi?/ii? ?aeaioe/iino? iieeaaeaii
ni?eueia iioiaeaeaiiy, iiaa, o?aaeeoe??, nai???aeiee «aiein e?ia?».
Iiiyooy iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aeaioe/iino? ia?aaeaa/a? ianaiia?aae ?noi?e/io
?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue, iayai?noue iiioey?ii? a ianao iaoe?iiaeueii?
?aea?, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aca?iiae?? oa iie?oe/ii? ?aeiino?. I?ae
iaoe?iiaeueiith ?aea?th aaoi? ?icoi?? noeoii?noue iiaeyae?a ia
ia’?aeiaiiy iaoe?? iaaeiei ni?eueii? iaoe, ni?yiiaaii? ia caeiaoooy
aea?aeaaiino? oa iiaeaeueoee ?? ?ica?e.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? oi?ioaaiiy aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? caaa?oo?oueny
ooai?aiiy aea?aeaae. A oeo e?a?iao, aea iaoe?iiaeueia ?aeay
ii?aeioaaeanue c e?aa?aeueii-aeaiie?aoe/iith eiioeaioe??th iiaeia
niinoa??aaoe a?eueo-iaio noaa?eueia nioe?aeueii?ooeeaa noni?euenoai c
aeii?ioaaiiyi caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoae (I?ai?/ia Aia?eea,
Neaiaeeiaanuee? e?a?ie). Iaoii?noue neioac iaoe?iiaeueii? ? ?aaeoe?eii?
?aeae i?ecaiaeea aei ooai?aiiy aaoi?eoa?ii-oioae?oa?ieo ?aaeei?a, ye?
ianee caiaiaae nai?io ia?iaeo oa anueiio na?oo (?oae?y, I?ia//eia o
30-40-o ?ieao OO no.).

?icaeyaeath/e o?aoth noaae?th oi?ioaaiiy aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae,
aaoi? i?iaiae?coaaa ??ci? o?aeoiaee iaoe?iiae?cio oa iiaeeeaino? eiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c aeaiie?ao??th. Ia’?eoeaiei yaeuai ? oa, ui
aeaiie?aoe/i? ?ooe aoee iaeii/anii ? ?ooaie iaoe?iiae?noe/ieie
(caaaea?ii i?ioean ?iciaaeo ?iia??e ? ooai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo
aea?aeaa). Iaoe?iiae?ci aenooiaa o aeaio ?iinoanyo: aeano?oeoeaia neea
aeey eiioi?cio ? eiino?oeoeaia aeey iaoe?iiaeueiiai aoae?aieoeoaa. A oie
aea /an iaoe?iiae?ci iana a nia? ye caa?ico aeey e?aa?aeueii?
aeaiie?ao??, oae ? iniiaia aeaea?aei iaae?? aeey ia? (ine?eueee o?eueee
a iacaeaaei?e aea?aeaa? iiaeeeaa aeaiie?ao?y). Cia/io ?ieue o noai?aii?
aea?aeaae a?aeaiaeyoue iaoe?iiae?cio oe?a?inuee? noni?euenoaiciaaoe?
A.Noa?inieuenueeee, TH.Aa/einueeee, I.Ai/eianueeee, Ae.Aeiioeia,
A.Eeieinueeee, I.I?oiianueeee, E.Iaai?ia, A.Oa?aoao.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? “Iie?oe/i? i?aeoeee aoiino?aoaa?e: a?ae
oioae?oa?ieo aei aeaiie?aoe/ieo” aiae?cothoueny eiie?aoi? caniae oa
iaoiaee aca?iiae?? aea?aeaae oa aoi?/ieo ooai?aiue, oiaoi
aoiino?aoaa??. Aiie iiaeooue aooe oaeeie: «oa?eoi??aeueia caa?aaeaiiy
a?oie», «ia?ai?uaiiy aoiino?oeoo?e»

aai aeaii?oaoe?y, ?aiao?eaoe?y; aoiino?aoaa?y «i?eeiath/i? noi?iie»,
anei?eyoe?? (ianeeueieoeueei? aai i?e?iaeii?), aeiiiaeaoe?? (aai
ei?ai?caoe??), ?ioaa?aoe??. Ia aeaeue, ye oioae?oa?i?, oae ?
aeaiie?aoe/i? ?aaeeie aeei?enoiaothoue aioeaoiai? aoiino?aoaa??. I?e
oeueiio ana ae oaee oioae?oa?i? aea?aeaae a?eueo aeoeaii oa ianiai
canoiniaothoue oaoiieia?? «ia?ai?uaiiy aoiino?oeoo?e» aai aeaii?oaoe?? ?
ianeeueieoeueei? anei?eyoe??, a aeaiie?aoe/i? aea?aeaae — aeiiiaeaoe??
(aai ei?ai?caoe??), ?ioaa?aoe?? oa «oa?eoi??aeueiiai caa?aaeaiiy a?oie».
Aeiiiaeaoe?ei? iie?oe/i? oaoiieia?? aeoeaii canoiniaothoue oae? e?a?ie
ye Eaiaaea, Oaaeoea??y, Aaeuea?y oeyoii ao?eaiiy oaaea?ae?cio oa
i?aaenoaaieoeoaa aoi?/ieo a?oi o oeaio??.

A Oe?a?i?, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, aeei?enoiaothoueny aoiino?aoaa??
«i?eeiath/i? noi?iie» uiaei aeaii?oiaaieo ia?iae?a (e?einueeeo oaoa?,
a?ae?a, aieaa?, ea?a?i?a) oa ?ioaa?aoe?? a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy
oe?a?inueei? iie?oe/ii? iaoe??.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e «Eiioe?eoieia?/i? aniaeoe ?aae?caoe?? oe?a?inueei?
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae?» i?noeoue o?e i?ae?icae?ee, aea ca
aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo, no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai oa
e?euee?niiai iaoiae?a, ?icaeyaea?oueny eaa?oeiaoe?y aeaiie?aoe/iiai
iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio o i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueei?
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae?, aiae?cothoueny iniaeeaino? aoiieoeueoo?ii?
ia?a?iaeueiino? a Oe?a?i? ? iaoe?iiaeueia aaciaea iaoi? aea?aeaae c
oi/ee ci?o aoiiiie?oe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? «Eaa?oeiaoe?y aeaiie?aoe/iiai iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio
o i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae?»,
eaeaoueny i?i n?i aa??aio?a eaa?oeiaoe?? aoiiiie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio:
caiaea i?ae caa?icith ianeeuenoaa, eaa?oeii?noue ye o?aaeeoe?y, ceaaiaea
aiane?aeie aiao??, i?aaiaoe/ia i?aeei?aiiy (oiaoi i?aeo?eiea ca?aaee
iniaenoi? ei?eno?), ?ino?oiaioaeueia eaa?oeii?noue (ceaaiaea, ine?eueee
aeaiee ?aaeei iiaea neoaoaaoe ?ino?oiaioii ?aae?caoe?? ?aea? caaaeueiiai
aeia?a), ii?iaoeaia caiaea oa ?aeaaeueia ii?iaoeaia ceaaiaea. Aeania
nioe?ieia?/ia iieooaaiiy iieacaei, ui a?eueo?noue ?aniiiaeaio?a o ??cieo
?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie iaaaoeaii noaaeyoueny aei iie?oeee, ae?oaith ca
/enaeuei?noth ? a?oia iieoaieo, ye? ia aecia/eeenue o oeueiio ieoaii?.
Oaeei /eiii, eaa?oeiaoe?eia aaca oe?a?inueei? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae?
ia? e?eoe/ia cia/aiiy, ui iineaaeth? aea?aeaaioai?/? i?ioeane a e?a?i?.
A oie aea /an ie iiaeii? aa/eoe ??cieoeth i?ae eaa?oeii?noth ?
aeia??ith: a oe?ieiio cia/aii? oe? oa?i?ie ? neiii?i?/ieie, a o
aocueeiio eaa?oeii?noue iaeaaeeoue aei an??? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie, oiae?
ye aeia??a oa?aeoa?eco? noaaeaiiy a?iiaaeyi aei eiie?aoieo ia?nii, ui
oiniaeththoue aeaaeo oa ia?ai? ia?iaeii ia iaaiee oa?i?i.

Cacia/aii, ui ni?ie a?aenioe?a iieoaieo (i?aaenoaaieee ??cieo ia?iae?a
Oe?a?ie) aaa/athoue iie?auaiiy o noaaeaii? aei nai?? iaoe?iiaeueiino? ca
?iee iacaeaaeiino?. A oea na?ae/eoue i?i aacnoii?ai? ia?aaaae
aeaiie?aoe/ii? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? iaae oioae?oa?iith, i?i
iiaeeea?noue o a?eueoiio ianyc? ?aae?coaaoe nai? iaoe?iiaeuei? iio?aae.

Aena?oethth/e a?o/eciyio aoiiiaoe?iiaeueio iiaeaeue ca eeaneo?eaoe?eieie
noaiaie, iaaaaeaieie o ia?oiio ?icae?e?, ne?ae cacia/eoe ?? aaoa?iaaiiee
oa?aeoa? (c oi/ee ci?o aoi?/iiai yae?a) oa a?aeianoe ?? aei ia?ao?aeii?
eiino?oeoe?? c aeaiaioaie «ei?ii?aoeaiino?» oa «eeaiiaino?». Aaaeaiith
ia?niaeoeaith aeey Oe?a?ie ? iiaoaeiaa ni-noni?eueii? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii?
iiaeae?, ine?eueee naia aiia aeicaiey? aa?iii?coaaoe i?aenaaiaioa?i?
i?ioe??//y iie?aoi?/iiai noni?euenoaa, ii?aeiaoe ?ioa?ane aea?aeaae oa
aoiin?a, aea?aeaae ? ?aa?ii?a. A iao /an aeoaea iaiao?aeia ?icoi?iiy
ni-noni?eueiino? ye iaoiaeo iiaoaeiae aeaiie?aoe/ii? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii?
iiaeae?, aea a?oiia?, naaiaioa?i? ?ioa?ane iino?eii ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c
caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueieie.

Eaa?oeiaoe?th aeaiie?aoe/iiai iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i? iiaeia
?icaeyaeaoe ye c oi?iaeueii?, oae ? c oaeoe/ii? oi/ie ci?o. A ia?oiio
aa??aio? (oi?iaeueii? eaa?oeiaoe??) ie ia?ii iia? i?aaie aeaaee, cie?aia
aeaiie?aoe/iei oeyoii ia?aiee ia?eaiaio, aeaiie?aoe/io Eiinoeoooe?th,
yea iae?aneeea i???ioe?e ?icaeoeo e?a?ie, aecia/eea i?aaa iaoe?iiaeueieo
iaioei ia i?ia?aneai?e th?eaee/i?e iniia?. A ae?oaiio aa??aio?
(oaeoe/ii? eaa?oeiaoe??) niinoa??aa?oueny yaeua o?ono?aoe?? o cia/ii?
/anoeie ianaeaiiy: ia aeaeue, iaaaeae? ?aoi?ie iinoaaeee i?ae noii?a
iiaeeea?noue ao?eaiiy aeaiie?ao?? a Oe?a?i? a ?? e?aa?aeuei?e oa
iaie?aa?aeuei?e oi?i?, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iiai a?oioo aeey aaoi?eoa?ecio oa iaioioae?oa?ecio.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? «Iniaeeaino? aoiieoeueoo?ii? ia?a?iaeueiino? a
Oe?a?i?», aaoi? i?aee?aneth?, ui aiia (ia?a?iaeuei?noue) iaoiiaeaia
ia’?eoeaieie /eiieeaie: ?oa?aeiei aaiiie?oe/iei ?icoaooaaiiyi iaoi?
e?a?ie, ci?iith iie?oe/ii? nenoaie, iineeaiiyi i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a. O
aeena?oaoe?? aoiieoeueoo?ia ia?a?iaeuei?noue aiae?co?oueny ia aeaio
??aiyo: ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio oa noni?eueiiio. A iao /an
naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?y iniaenoino?, ye ? ?ai?oa, iaoiiaeaia ia o?eueee
eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieie o?aaeeoe?yie, a e iie?oe/iith neooaoe??th o
e?a?i?. A oiiaao, eiee noni?euenoai, aea?aeaaa aeiaaathoue iaeiicia/ii?
a?aeiia?ae? ia caieoaiiy i?i i?eiaeaaei?noue aei iaoe??, aoiino o
a?aeiia?aei?e a?ao? o aeieoiaioao, aieaoao, oi c?icoi?ei, ui aeoiaeaoeue
c iaoe?iiaeueii-i?oaii? ?iaeeie ciooaiee iaceaaoe iaeio
iaoe?iiaeuei?noue. Cao?enoaaoe naith iiaea?eio, a oei a?eueo iio??eio
aoi?/io naiina?aeii?noue o iueiai iaia? iiaeeeaino?. Oiio noaoenoeea,
iieooaaiiy, ia?aiene ianaeaiiy aeathoue aeaui ia?ae?o/aio ea?oeio
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? i???ioaoe?? ianaeaiiy o iie?aoi?/ieo e?a?iao (a
Oe?a?i? oaeiae). Ia iniaeno?niiio ??ai? ia?a?iaee iiaeooue
naiiaeyaeyoeny o aeaeyae? /ioe?ueio iiaeaeae: ia?oa — ineoieia?/ia
aia?aaeaioi?noue, «?ic??aai?noue» aeoo? i?ae eoeueoo?aie, aoiinaie,
iiaaie; ae?oaa — naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?y c iaeiei aoiinii; o?aoy —
ona?aeiieaiiy naaa einiiiie?oii; /aoaa?oa — naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?y c
aeaiia, o?ueiia aoiinaie.

A aeena?oaoe?? cacia/aii, ui i?iaaaeaia aaoi?ii nioe?ieia?/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeei iiaio ?icaeai?i?noue iaaii? /anoeie
a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie, ?o ?oa?aeia noaiiaeua i?ae ?in?enueeith oa
oe?a?inueeith eoeueoo?aie. Ia iao iiaeyae, ye oe?a?inueea, oae ?
?in?enueea eoeueoo?e (a?aeiia?aeii ?ioeo ia?iae?a oaeiae) noaiiaeyoue
iniiao aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? iaoi? e?a?ie, oiio ?o ooo/ia
i?ioenoaaeaiiy ae?ae iaaaoeaii aieeaaoeia ia ?icaeoie iaoi? aea?aeaae.
Aoiieoeueoo?ia a?iiey?i?noue oe?a?inueeeo a?iiaaeyi ?iaeoue iaiiaeeeaith
eiinie?aeaoe?th noni?euenoaa ia aac? iaei??? c eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieo
o?aaeeoe?e — cao?aeii-?a?iiaenueei? aai i?i?in?enueei?. No?eioth/ei
oaeoi?ii ?icaeoeo eiioe?eoiaaiieo neooaoe?e o oe?e ieiuei? ? iayai?noue
cia/ii? e?eueeino? a?eoeueoo?ae?a oa a?e?iaa?a.

I?aee?aneeii, ui aeey ?oa?aeii? aea?aeaae iniaeeai aeooaeueia
?aeaioeo?eaoe?y noni?euenoaa ia ??cieo ??aiyo i?ino??ii-/aniai?
no?aoeo?eaoe??, aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo, aoiieiioan?iiaeueieo,
aaiaeiiii?/ieo, i?e?iaeiiaoi?/ieo oa ?ioeo i?ioean?a. Iia?aie/ia
aea?aeaaa iiaeiia aooe a?aee?eoith ciai?oiueiio na?oo (i?eioeei
aeciaoi?/iino?), aeoeaii ni?ai?aoethaaoe c ??ciii?ioaeueieie
i?aai?caoe?yie, nithcaie e?a?i. A aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeyo c
e?eciaith aeiiii?/iith neooaoe??th (aei yeeo iaeaaeeoue ? oe?a?inueea)
ia?a?iaee iiaeooue a?ae?a?aaaoe oe?eee niaeo? nioe?aeueieo ?ieae: a?ae
iiceoeaieo — aeoeaia o/anoue o ?icaoaeia? aea?aeaae, aei iaaaoeaieo —
ai?ioueaa ca ?nioaaiiy oa aieea c aeei?enoaiiyi e?ei?iaeueieo cania?a.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? «Iaoe?iiaeueia aaciaea Oe?a?ie o eiioaeno?
aoiiiie?oe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue» i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui noaa?eueiee
?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? i?yii caeaaeeoue a?ae
a?aaoethaaiiy aeieeath/eo i?aeaoi?/ieo i?ioe??/, caaacia/aiiy caoenoo
iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a ia an?o ??aiyo: a?iiaaeyiei, noni?euenoai,
aea?aeaaa, aoiiiaoe?iiaeuei? a?oie. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, eia?/iei aoaea
aeei?enoaiiy o iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? oaeeo neiainiieo/aiue, ye
«aoiiiie?oe/ia aaciaea aea?aeaae» aai «aoiiiaoe?iiaeueia aaciaea
aea?aeaae». Iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui aei iniiaieo ia?aiao??a
aoiiiie?oe/ii? aaciaee aaoi? a?aeiineoue: oa?aeoa? ? ni?yiiaai?noue
i?a?aoe?eieo iioie?a, ??aaiue aac?ia?ooy ye o aea?aeaa? a oe?eiio, oae ?
na?aae ie?aieo ia?iae?a, oaiie a?aeoai?aiiy oeooeueii? iaoe?? oa ie?aieo
aoi?/ieo a?oi, nooi?iue aeaiie?aoe/iino? iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aeaieia??.

Nie?ath/enue ia iaoa??aee iaoeiai? aeiiia?ae? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?inoeoooo
No?aoaa?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ie?ai? ioae?eaoe?? o ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiiyo
ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui caa?iceeaeie aeey ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
iaoe?? noathoue ianyae ? oaiie aeaiiioeyoe??, oiaoi aaniethoiiai
ciaioaiiy ianaeaiiy aiane?aeie ia?aaeuaiiy e?eueeino? iiia?eeo iaae
e?euee?noth ia?iaeaeaieo. Aaaeeeaith i?iaeaiith aeey Oe?a?ie ?
oii?yaeeoaaiiy i?a?aoe?eieo iioie?a: c iaeiiai aieo, oea eiio?ieue ca
e?euee?noth ?iicaioe?a, ui i?e?caeyoue o e?a?io, iaaeiiouaiiy
iaeaaaeueii? i?a?aoe??; c ?ioiai aieo, ooai?aiiy oiia aeey caa?aaeaiiy
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai iioaioe?aeo iaoe??, ine?eueee c?inoa? e?euee?noue
aaaeath/eo ae?oaoe

ca ei?aeii naia na?aae aenieiina?/aii? eaoaai??? ianaeaiiy. Ia
nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue iiaeia aeae?eeoe ia o?eueee, oae ae iiaeoe,
a?aee?eoo ai?a?aoe?th, a e i?eoiaaio — o aeaeyae? iaa/aiiy oa
noaaeoaaiiy ca ei?aeiiii.

Oaeei /eiii, iniiao aoiiiie?oe/ii? aaciaee Oe?a?ie noaiiaeyoue
caa?aaeaiiy aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? ?aeiino?, caoeno i?aa ? naiaiae
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo ooai?aiue. Aaciaea aoi?/ii? ni?eueiioe iieyaa? o
a?aenooiino? caa?ic aeey ?? ?nioaaiiy oa iayaiino? oiia aeey ??
anaa?/iiai ?icaeoeo a iaaeao caeiiiaeaa/i? aace e?a?ie.

AENIIAEE

I?aeaaaeai? i?aenoiee i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, c?iaeai? oai?aoe/i?
ocaaaeueiaiiy, cai?iiiiiaaii ?yae i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiai, iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai oa?aeoa?o.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy eiie?aoeciaai? a ianooiieo
aeniiaeao:

1. Aoiiiaoe?iiaeuei? iiaeae? aea?aeaae a?aeia?aaeathoue no?oeoo?o
aca?iiae?? iaoe??, aoiin?a, oa iie?oe/ii? aeaaee ? iiaeooue aooe
eeaneo?eiaai? ia aeaiie?aoe/i? («iaaei?eoa?ia aeaiie?ao?y»,
«ni-noni?eueia aeaiie?ao?y»), oioae?oa?i? («aeaiie?ao?y ?ane iai?a»),
ia?ao?aei? («aoi?/ia aai iaoe?iiaeueia aeaiie?ao?y», «eeaiiaa
aeaiie?ao?y», «ei?ii?aoeaia iiaeaeue»).

2. Eiie?aoecaoe??th aoiiiaoe?iiaeueiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ? ??ciiiai?oi?
aoiino?aoaa??. Aeey oioae?oa?ieo iiaeaeae oa?aeoa?i? aoiino?aoaa??
aeaii?oaoe?? aai «ia?ai?uaiiy aoiino?oeoo?e», ianeeueieoeueei?
anei?eyoe??, o?ce/ia cieuaiiy aoiino?oeoo?e. A oie aea /an aeey
aeaiie?aoe/ieo eiino?oeoe?e oeiiaeie ? aoiino?aoaa?? aeiiiaeaoe?? (aai
ei?ai?caoe??), i?e?iaeii? anei?eyoe??, «ioeueoeeoeueoo?ae?cio»,
«caa?aaeaiiy aoiino?oeoo?e» oa ?ioaa?aoe??.

3. O ia?ao?aeieo aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeyo a?aeaoaa?oueny iiooe nai??
nenoaie aca?iiae?? i?ae aea?aeaaith oa aoi?/ieie ooai?aiiyie, ye
i?aaeei, a oeueiio aeiaaeeo niinoa??aa?oueny ii?aeiaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo
iie?oe/ieo oaoiieia?e. Neaae?ii a Oe?a?i? aeinoaoiuei i?aai?/ii
canoiniaothoueny oae? aoiino?aoaa??: «i?eeiath/i? noi?iie» aei
aeaii?oiaaieo ia?iae?a (e?einueeeo oaoa?, a?ae?a, aieaa?), aeiiiaeaoe??
(aai ei?ai?caoe??), ?ioaa?aoe??.

4. Aecia/ath/e eiioe?eoieia?/i? iieacieee aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae?
Oe?a?ie, ia iniia? nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaaaeaieo ye
aeanii?o/, oae ? caiice/aieo iaiao?aeii i?aee?aneeoe aeinoaoiuei aenieee
??aaiue iaaeia??e a?iiaaeyi c ??cieo ?aa?ii?a oa ??cieo
iaoe?iiaeueiinoae aei iie?oe/ii? aeaaee, ui iaoiiaeaii, a ia?oo /a?ao,
iia??oaiiyi ?o aeiiii?/iiai noaiiaeua. A oie aea /an a?eueo aenieee
??aaiue eiyeueiino? aeaiiino?othoue ?aniiiaeaioe aei naii? ?aea?
iacaeaaeiino? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, ine?eueee ?o i?aaiaa noaiiaeua o
aoiiiaoe?iiaeuei?e noa?? iie?aueeinue. I?aaenoaaieee iaoe?iiaeueieo
iaioei ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue iathoue ciiao a?aea?aeoaaoe naith
Aaouee?aueio, ooai?thaaoe ?ae?a?ei? oa eoeueoo?i? oeaio?e, aea/aoe
??aeio iiao.

5. ?icaeyaeath/e oe?a?inueeo aoiiiaoe?iiaeueio iiaeaeue c oi/ee ci?o
i?iya?a aoiieoeueoo?ii? ia?a?iaeueiino?, iaiao?aeii i?aee?aneeoe, ia?o
ca ana, i?enooi?noue cia/ii? e?eueeino? a?eoeueoo?ae?a oa a?e?iaa?a a
iaoiio noni?euenoa?, ye? ii?aeiaee a nia? iciaee ye oe?a?inueei?,
?in?enueei?, oae ? ?ioeo eoeueoo?. Oeae oaeoi? aeicaiey? oieeiooe
aei?noeiai i?ioenoiyiiy o noni?euenoa?, iai?eeeaae, ?in?enueeiiiaiiai oa
oe?a?iiiiaiiai ianaeaiiy. Aaaeeeaith oa?aeoa?enoeeith aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii?
iiaeae? Oe?a?ie ? ?? aaiiie?oe/ia ?oa?aei?noue i?ae Caoiaeii ? Noiaeii.
Oiaoi Oe?a?io iiaeia aaaaeaoe ia?a?iaeueiith aea?aeaaith c
eoeueoo?ii-aaia?ao?/ii? oi/ee ci?o.

6. Aiae?coth/e aoiiiaoe?iiaeueio aaciaeo iaoi? aea?aeaae, aaoi? ae?eoia
aei aeniiaeo, ui aiia aaco?oueny ia aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o /eiieeao. Aei
ciai?oi?o /eiiee?a aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee ne?ae a?aeianoe aaoi?eoao
aea?aeaae ia i?aeia?iaei?e a?ai?, aoaeoeai?noue o/ano? e?a?ie o
??ciiiai?oieo i?aeia?iaeieo ? ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?yo, iiaeeeaino?
caoenoo aea?aeaaith nai?o a?iiaaeyi a ?ioeo e?a?iao, ni?yiiaai?noue
i?a?aoe?eieo iioie?a, ca’ycee c ae?anii?ith. Aioo??oi? /eiieee
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee e?a?ie aeeth/athoue e?euee?noue ianaeaiiy,
eiai aoi?/iee neeaae, a?eia? iieacieee, i?a?aoe?eio aeoeai?noue
ianaeaiiy, ??aaiue iie?oecaoe?? aoi?/ieo ooai?aiue, oa?aeoa?
iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aeaieia??, iayai?noue o e?a?i? a?aee?eoeo aai eaoaioieo
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo eiioe?eo?a.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

Eaeeiianueeee TH.TH. I?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy aoiiiie?oe/ii? iiaeae? o
aeaiie?aoe/i?e aea?aeaa? // A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo «Ieoaiiy iie?oieia??». Aei. 1, Oa?e?a, 1998. – N.92-99.

Eaeeiianueeee TH.TH. Iaoe?iiaeuei? ?ioa?ane Oe?a?ie ? ?a?iiaenuee?
iie?oe/i? o?ainoi?iaoe?? // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue OAeIO ?i.
A.N.Neiai?iaee. Aei. 2, Oa?e?a: OAeIO, 1998 — N. 69-73.

Eaeeiianueeee TH.TH. Aoiiiaoe?iiaeueia aoooy o eiioaeno?
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy // A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
«Ieoaiiy iie?oieia??». Aei. 1, Oa?e?a, 1998. – N.99-107.

4. Eaeeiianueeee TH.TH Eiioe?eoieia?/i? aniaeoe aoiiiie?oe/ii? aaciaee
Oe?a?ie // Iiaa iie?oeea. – 1999. — ?5. – N.58-60.

Eaeeiianueeee TH.TH. Nooi?noue aoiiiie?oeee. — Oa?e?a: OAO, 1998. – 19
n.

Eaeeiianeee TH.TH. Yoiiiieeoe/aneea ainoaea?noaaiiua e ?aaeiiaeueiua
no?aoaaee. // ?aaeii. — 1998. — ? 1. — N. 6-8.

Eaeeiianueeee TH.TH. Ai?iii-iie?oe/i? aniaeoe iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee
Oe?a?ie. // I?iaeaie aaciaee oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? ia ii?ic? XXI noi??//y.
Iaoa??aee anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. — *. I. Ee?a,
1998. — N. 56-61.

Eaeeiianueeee TH.TH. Eiioe?eoieia?/i? aniaeoe aoiiiie?oeee a Oe?a?i? //
O?einio?y aeaeeaaiiy o nenoai? caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoae.
Iaoa??aee i?aeaoc?anueei? eiioa?aioe??. Oa?e?a, 1996. — N. 36-37.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eaeeiianueeee TH.TH. Aea?? oa ?aae?caoe?y aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? a
i?ioean? aea?aeaaioai?aiiy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 23.00.02. — iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe ? i?ioeane. —
Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa; Oa?e?a, 1999.

O ?iaio? ?icaeyaeathoueny ??ciiieaiia? aoiiiaoe?iiaeuei? iiaeae?, ?o
nooi?noue oa ci?no, oeyoii ii??aiyiiy aecia/athoueny oa?aeoa?i? ?ene
aeaiie?aoe/ieo, oioae?oa?ieo oa ia?ao?aeieo eiino?oeoe?e. ?iaeoueny
ni?iaa anoaiiaeoe caaaeuei? aoaie oi?ioaaiiy aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo
iiaeaeae, a naia: iie?oecaoe?y aoi?/iino?, ooai?aiiy iaoe??, iiaoaeiaa
iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oioae?oa?i? ?aaeeie aeoeaii
i?aeoeeothoue ianooii? aoiino?aoaa??: aeaii?oaoe??, ianeeueieoeueei?
anei?eyoe??, o?ce/ia cieuaiiy aoiino?oeoo?e. Aeey aeaiie?aoe/ieo
eiino?oeoe?e oeiiaeie ? aoiino?aoaa?? aeiiiaeaoe?? (aai ei?ai?caoe??),
i?e?iaeii? anei?eyoe??, «caa?aaeaiiy aoiino?oeoo?e». O ia?ao?aeieo
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeyo canoiniaothoueny ??ciiiai?oi? aoiino?aoaa??
a caeaaeiino? a?ae ia?aii? ia?aaeeaie aea?aeaaioai?aiiy. Neaae?ii a
Oe?a?i? aeinoaoiuei i?aai?/ii cai?iaaaeaeothoueny oae? aoiino?aoaa??:
«i?eeiath/i? noi?iie» aei aeaii?oiaaieo ia?iae?a (e?einueeeo oaoa?,
a?ae?a, aieaa?), aeiiiaeaoe?? (aai ei?ai?caoe??), ?ioaa?aoe??.
Aiae?coth/e oe?a?inueeo aoiiiaoe?iiaeueio iiaeaeue, iaiao?aeii
i?aee?aneeoe ?? aeaiie?aoe/iee oa?aeoa? uiaei ae??oaiiy
i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo eiioe?eo?a oa iayai?noue aeaiaio?a «eeaiiai?» oa
«ei?ii?aoeaii?» eiino?oeoe?e. ?icaeyaeathoueny eiioe?eoieia?/i? aniaeoe
oe?a?inueei? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueii? iiaeae? o aeae?eueeio ?aeo?nao:
eaa?oeiaoe?y

aeaiie?aoe/iiai iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?, iniaeeaino?
aoiieoeueoo?ii? ia?a?iaeueiino? a iao?e e?a?i? oa iaoe?iiaeueia aaciaea
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae c oi/ee ci?o aoiiiie?oe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aoiiiaoe?iiaeueia iiaeaeue aea?aeaae, iie?oecaoe?y
aoi?/iino?, aoiino?aoaa?y, eaa?oeiaoe?y aeaiie?aoe/iiai iie?oe/iiai
?aaeeio, aoiieoeueoo?ia ia?a?iaeuei?noue, aoiiiaoe?iiaeueia aaciaea.

Eaeeiianeee TH.TH. Auai? e ?aaeecaoeey yoiiiaoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaee a
i?ioeanna ainoaea?noaaiiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iieeoe/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 23.00.02 — iieeoe/aneea einoeooou e i?ioeannu. —
Oieaa?neoao aioo?aiieo aeae; Oa?ueeia, 1999.

A ?aaioa ?anniao?eaathony ?aciiieaiiaua yoiiiaoeeiiaeueiua iiaeaee, eo
nouiinoue e niaea?aeaiea, iooai n?aaiaiey auaeaeythony oa?aeoa?iua /a?ou
aeaiie?aoe/aneeo, oioaeeoa?iuo e ia?aoiaeiuo eiino?oeoeee. Aeaeaaony
iiiuoea onoaiiaeoue iauea yoaiu oi?ie?iaaiey yoiiiaoeeiiaeueiuo
iiaeaeae: iieeoecaoeey yoie/iinoe, nicaeaiea iaoeee, iino?iaiea
iacaaeneiiai ainoaea?noaa. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi oioaeeoa?iua ?aaeeiu aeoeaii
i?aeoeeotho neaaeothuea yoiino?aoaaee: aeaii?oaoeee, ianeeuenoaaiiie
anneieeyoeee, oece/aneiai oie/oiaeaiey yoiino?oeoo?u. Aeey
aeaiie?aoe/aneeo eiino?oeoeee oeie/iuie yaeythony yoiino?aoaaee
aeeiiiaeaoeee (eee ei?aiecaoeee), eioaa?aoeee, nio?aiaiey yoiino?oeoo?u.
A ia?aoiaeiuo yoiiiaoeeiiaeueiuo iiaeaeyo eniieuecothony eiiaeie?iaaiiua
yoiino?aoaaee a caaeneiinoe io eca?aiiie ia?aaeeaiu ainoaea?noaaiiiai
no?ieoaeuenoaa. A Oe?aeia aeinoaoi/ii i?aaie/ii aiaae?ythony oaeea
yoiino?aoaaee eae «i?eieiathuae noi?iiu» e aeaii?oe?iaaiiui ia?iaeai
(e?uineei oaoa?ai, a?aeai, aieaa?ai), aeeiiiaeaoeee (eee ei?aiecaoeee),
iaianeeuenoaaiiie anneieeyoeee. Aiaeece?oy oe?aeineoth
yoiiiaoeeiiaeueioth iiaeaeue, iaiaoiaeeii iiae/a?eiooue aa
aeaiie?aoe/aneee oa?aeoa?, ioiineoaeueii ?aoaiey iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiuo
eiioeeeoia, e iaee/ea yeaiaioia «eeaiiaie» e «ei?ii?aoeaiie»
eiino?oeoeee. A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaathony eiioeeeoieiae/aneea
aniaeou oe?aeineie yoiiiaoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaee a ?acee/iuo ?aeo?nao:
eaaeoeiaoeey aeaiie?aoe/aneiai iieeoe/aneiai ?aaeeia a Oe?aeia,
iniaaiiinoe yoiieoeueoo?iie ia?aeiaeueiinoe a iaoae no?aia e
iaoeeiiaeueiay aaciianiinoue iaoaai ainoaea?noaa n oi/ee c?aiey
yoiiiieeoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee.

Iiae/a?eeaaaony, /oi yoiieoeueoo?iay ia?aeiaeueiinoue a Oe?aeia
iaoneiaeaia iauaeoeaiuie oaeoi?aie: ?oaaaeiui aaiiieeoe/aneei
iieiaeaieai iaoaai ainoaea?noaa, oneeaieai iea?aoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia,
eoeueoo?ii-enoi?e/aneei ianeaaeeai.

Ia ee/iinoiii o?iaia ia?aeiaeu naiieaeaioeoeoee?othony ii /aou?ai
iniiaiui iiaeaeyi: ia?aay – ineoieiae/aneay aiaeaaeaioiinoue; aoi?ay –
naiieaeaioeoeeaoeey n iaeiei yoiinii; o?aouey – iniciaiea naay
einiiiieeoii; /aoaa?oay – naiieaeaioeoeeaoeey n aeaoiy, o?aiy yoiinaie.
Oaeei ia?acii, yoiieoeueoo?iay ia?aeiaeueiinoue iaoaai ainoaea?noaa
i?iyaeyaony a eioanneiiaeueiuo o?aaeeoeeyo, no?oeoo?a iaoeeiiaeueiie
yeeou, ?onneiycu/iii ie?a e?oiiuo ai?iaeia.

?anniao?eaay iaoeeiiaeueioth aaciianiinoue Oe?aeiu, a eiioaenoa
yoiiiieeoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee, iaiaoiaeeii iaicia/eoue o?iaie caueou
iaoeeiiaeueiuo eioa?ania: a?aaeaeaiei, iauanoai, ainoaea?noai,
yoiiiaoeeiiaeueiua a?oiiu. Aiaeece?othony iniiaiua ia?aiao?u
yoiiiieeoe/aneie aaciianiinoe: oa?aeoa? e iai?aaeaiiinoue iea?aoeeiiiuo
iioieia, noaiaiue aeaiie?aoe/iinoe iaoeeiiaeueiie eaeaieiaee, o?iaaiue
aac?aaioeoeu eae ai anai ainoaea?noaa, oae e a ioaeaeueiuo ?aaeiiao,
oaiiu aini?iecaiaenoaa oeooeueiie iaoeee e ioaeaeueiuo yoie/aneeo a?oii.
Aeaeaaony auaiae i oii, /oi iniiao yoiiiieeoe/aneie aaciianiinoe Oe?aeiu
ninoaaeytho yoiiiaoeeiiaeueiia aaeeinoai, caueoa i?aa e naiaiae
yoiiiaoeeiiaeueiuo ia?aciaaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yoiiiaoeeiiaeueiay iiaeaeue ainoaea?noaa, iieeoecaoeey
yoie/iinoe, yoiino?aoaaey, eaaeoeiaoeey aeaiie?aoe/aneiai iieeoe/aneiai
?aaeeia, yoiieoeueoo?iay ia?aeiaeueiinoue, yoiiiaoeeiiaeueiay
aaciianiinoue.

Kalinovsky Y.Y. The choice and realization of the ethno-national model
in the process of the building of state. – Manuscript.

Thesis for PhD in politics 23.00.02 – political institutes and
processes. University of Internal Affairs; Kharkiv, 1999.

In the work the author considers many-sided ethno-national patterns,
their essence and contents; marks out characteristic features of
democratic, totalitarian and transitional constructions by means of
comparison.

The author has tried to determine the general stages of the formation of
ethno-national patterns: politization of ethnic groups, the creation of
the nation, the formation of the independent state. It has been
determined that totalitarian regimes practise actively the following
ethno-strategies: deportation, forced assimilation, physical destruction
of an ethnostrategy.

Democratic construction are characterized by the ethnostrategies of
accomodation(or rooting),natural assimilation,preservation of the
ethnostructure.

Transitional ethnonational patterns are characterized by combined
ethnostrategies which are dependent on the chosen paradigm of the state
construction. In Ukraine, the ethnostrategies of ,,the receiving side»
towards deported peoples (Crimean Tatars, Greeks, Bulgarians),
accommodation (or rooting), integration are being organically
inculcated.

Analyzing the Ukrainian ethnonational pattern, it’s important to stress
its dynamic character concerning the regulation of international
conflicts and the existence of elements of «clan» and ,,corporative»
constructions. In the dessertation the conflictological aspects of the
Ukrainian ethnonational pattern in different approaches are considered:
legitimation of the democratic political regime in Ukraine, the
peculiarities of the ethnocultural marginality in our country and the
national security of our state from the point of view of ethnopolitical
researches.

Key words: thno-national pattern of the state, politization of ethnic
group, ethno-stategy, legitimation of the democratic political regime,
ethnocultural marginality, ethnonational security.

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