1

Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia iaoeiiaoae?aia aeaaeai?y

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

Oiiaiei TH??e A?eoi?iae/

OAeE 621.98.01: 621.98.04: 621.981.01

AAeINEIIAEAIIss OAOIIEIA?*IEO ?AAEEI?A

? EIINO?OEOEAIEO IA?AIAO??A IAOAI?*IIAI

IAEAAeIAIIss AeEss CAEIAIIss EIIIICEOe?EIEO ?

NEEAAeIII?IO?EUeIEO CAAIO?AIE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.03. 05 «I?ioeane oa iaoeie ia?iaee oeneii»

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

E?aiaoi?nuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaanuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaoeiiaoae?ai?e

aeaaeai?? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e
Aeaaeai?? ?iaeaia?ieo Iaoe Oe?a?ie Iioaie?i A?eoi? Oaaei?iae/, ?aeoi?
Aeiiaanueei? aea?aeaaii? iaoeiiaoae?aii? aeaaeai??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aaaeo/ee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Oa?aiaiei
Ieoaeei ?aaaiiae/, eaoaae?a «Oaoiieia?y iaoae?a ? aa?aoe?eia
iaoa??aeiciaanoai » Oa?e?anueeiai aa?aoe?eiiai ?inoeoooo ?i.
I.?.AEoeianueeiai

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Iaei?ia Aaiiaae?e ?aaiiae/,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e «Ia?iaea iaoae?a oeneii» Aeiiaanueeiai
a??ie/ii-iaoaeo?a?eiiai ?inoeoooo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? ?i. C.?.Iae?aniaa
Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 15 » ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 10-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 12.105. 01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e a Aeiiaanuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaoeiiaoae?ai?e aeaaeai??
(343913, i. E?aiaoi?nuee, aoe. Oeaae?iiaa, 72, 1-e iaa/aeueiee ei?ion)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Aeiiaanueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaoeiiaoae?aii? aeaaeai?? (343913, i. E?aiaoi?nuee, aoe.
Oeaae?iiaa, 72, 1-e iaa/aeueiee ei?ion)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 15 » aa?aciy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee Ae 12.105. 01, e.o.i., aeioe. Naoii?i I. A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Caaaeath/e ia aaaeeeaa i?iieneiaa cia/aiiy,
i?ioeano caeiaiiy i?enay/aii aaaaoi oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo ?ia?o, c
aaaaoueio oei?a aiooeo aeaoaeae, ui aeioneathoueny na??eii, iaeiie/aiee
aaaaoee aii??e/iee aeina?ae. O ae?iaieoeoa? canoiniaothoue aaeeeo
e?euee?noue cania?a io?eiaiiy aiooeo aeaoaeae, ui caaeiaieueiythoue
aeiiaai niiaeeaa/a ca ye?noth i?iaeoeoe??, yea aeionea?oueny, a oaeiae
uiaei caaacia/aiiy ?? i?i?iaeueii? nia?aa?oino?.

?acii c oei, ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui ai? ?nioth/? a iei?oi?e /an caniae
?ic?aooieo ? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, ai? caniae io?eiaiiy ? eiino?oeoe??
iaoai?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy ia aeicaieythoue ioiieoe aanue niaeo? aiooeo
aeaoaeae uiaei ?oi?o aaaa?eo?a, oi?iaie i?io?eth, iayaiino?
eiiiiceoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ? ?i.

A?aecia/aia iiaeia a?aeianoe, cie?aia, aei aeiaaii??ieo oiieino?iieo
aiooeo aeaoaeae c ae?eueieoeyie, ui /a?aothoueny, ??ciiiai?oii? e?eaecie
? aiooeo aeaoaeae oa?oaaoi? no?oeoo?e c ii?enoeie oa?aie, a oaeiae aei
oe?ieiai niaeo?o aiooeo aeaoaeae c neeaaeiii?io?eueieo ni?oiaeo ?
oiieino?iieo caaio?aie, aeinoaoi?e ianya oai?aoe/ieo ? aii??e/ieo ciaiue
c i?ioean?a aeaioiaeaiiy yeeo ua ia iaeiie/aiee. Caeaa?eueoiai aeaoae?,
iaea?eueo aoaeoeaia io?eiaiiy yeeo ? ?icaeyaea?oueny a aeai?e ?iaio?,
ae?iaeythoueny iaeeie ia?o?yie, oiio aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo
oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a ? eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a iaeaaeiaiiy
iaiao?aeii cae?enithaaoe, i?e i?i?iaeueieo aeo?aoao, c oe?ieei
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ? a?aeiia?aeiiai eiiieaeno
i?ia?aiieo cania?a.

A ca’yceo c oeei aea/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae oi?iioai?aiiy aiooeo aeaoaeae,
ui ? niaoeeo?/ieie ii aeiaaeei?, oi?i? iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio ? iayaiino?
eiiiiceoe?eii? no?oeoo?e c ii?enoeie oa?aie, iaoaiaoe/iee iien o?ce/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae i?ioeano ? eiai iaeneiaeueii iiaia iaaeeaeaiiy aei
?aaeueieo ia’?eo?a iiaeaethaaiiy oeyoii iaea?eueo ei?aeoiiai a?aooaaiiy
an?o, iaea?eueo ui aieeaathoue, oaeoi??a, ae??oaiiy caaea/ iioeiaeueiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?e ? eiino?oeoe?e, a oaeiae ?ic?iaea ia ?oi?e
iniia? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e yaeythoue niaith aeooaeueio caaea/o, ui
ia? aaaeeeaa iaoeiaa ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
o a?aeiia?aeiino? c oaiaoeeith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o eaoaae?e
«Aaoiiaoeciaai? iaoaeo?a?ei? iaoeie ? iaeaaeiaiiy» Aeiiaanueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaoeiiaoae?aii? aeaaeai??:

· A-03-96 «?ic?iaea, aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ?
iaeaaeiaiiy aeey ae?iaieoeoaa aenieiaoaeoeaieo eiiiiceoe?eieo caaio?aie
? neeaaeieo i?io?e?a niaoe?aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy» ? Aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe??
0196U015979;

· A-14-94 «?ic?iaea, aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
?aaeei?a ? eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a iaoai?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey
ae?iaieoeoaa caaio?aie ? aioiai? iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? c aioeo?eeoe?eieie,
aioeei?ic?eieie ? aeaei?aoeaieie iie?eooyie» ? Aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe??
0194U015531;

· A-01-97 «?ic?iaea, aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?e ?
iaeaaeiaiiy iaoaeo?a?eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ui caaacia/othoue ca?eueoaiiy
ia’?i?a ae?iaieoeoaa, ?icoe?aiiy ni?oaiaioo ? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
aino?iaeao?oeeoieo ? niaoe?aeueieo aeae?a aioiaiai iaoaeii?ieaoo» ?
Aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe?? 019U001595;

· AeI-29-94 «Aaeineiiaeaiiy eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a iaoai?/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaieo i?ieaoieo noai?a 5501300, I1000750» ?
Aea?ae.. ?a?no?aoe?? 0193U041036;

· O-09-94 «Aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?e ? iaeaaeiaiiy aeey
ae?iaieoeoaa aaaaoioa?iaeo caa?iooeo iayieo o?oa» ? Aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe??
0195U023846;

· O-10-95 «?ic?iaea oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a ? ooi/iaiiy aeo?aeieo aeaieo
ia i?iaeooaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai noaio 500 aeey
A?oaiianueeiai caaiaeo «Ia?aiiaa i?aoe?» ? Aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe??
0195U015603;

· O-22-97 «Aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?e ? iaeaaeiaiiy
iethueeueii-ai/eeueiiai noaio AAO NEIC» ? Aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe??
0197U015740.

Oe?eue ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. I?aeaeuaiiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa aiooeo eiiiiceoe?eieo ?
neeaaeiii?io?eueieo aeaoaeae ia iniia? ?ic?iaee iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae,
i?ia?aiieo cania?a ? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? oe?e? noi?ioeueiaai? ? ae??oai? ianooii?
caaea/?:

· ooi/iaiiy aeaoa?i?iiaaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?
iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio i?e caeiaii? aaaaoioa?iaeo iie?iaoaeaaeo
eeno?a ? nioa, ?icoe?aiiy ?? a iaeanoue aaaaoioa?iaeo eiiiiceoe?e c
ii?enoeie oa?aie ? neeaaeiith oi?iith iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio; ?ic?iaea ia
?oi?e iniia? i?ia?aiieo cania?a;

· ?ic?iaea ?i?oaoe?eii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ? i?ia?aiieo cania?a uiaei
i?iaiicoaaiiy oi/iino? aaiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aiooeo eiiiiceoe?eieo
? neeaaeiii?io?eueieo aeaoaeae;

· ?ic?iaea i?ia?aiieo cania?a uiaei aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a ? eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a iaoai?/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy, ui caaacia/othoue io?eiaiiy aiooeo aeaoaeae c
eiiiiceoe?eieo ? neeaaeiii?io?eueieo caaio?aie c caaeaiith oi/i?noth
aeaioiaeaiiy;

· aenia?eiaioaeueia ioe?iea nooiaiy a??ia?aeiino? ?ic?iaeaiiai
iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo ? eiiieaeno i?ia?aiieo cania?a, a oaeiae ooi/iaiiy
ae?aiacii?a aa??aoe?e iaea?eueo cia/oueo aeo?aeieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano;

· ?ic?iaea i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
?aaeei?a ?iaioe ? eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a iaoai?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey
io?eiaiiy aiooeo eiiiiceoe?eieo ? neeaaeiii?io?eueieo aeaoaeae
iaiao?aeii? yeino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaai? iia?
iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy:

· aecia/ai? oaoiieia?/i? iiaeeeaino? io?eiaiiy aeiaaii??ieo oiieino?iieo
i?io?e?a c ae?eueieoeyie, ui /a?aothoueny, ??ciiiai?oii? e?eaecie ?
aiooeo a?iaoaeaaeo aeeaaeeo?a i?aeoeiiee?a eiacaiiy c ii?ioeiaei
aioeo?eeoe?eiei oa?ii;

· a iaeanoue caeiaiiy aaaaoioa?iaeo eiiiiceoe?e c ii?enoeie oa?aie ?
aeia?eueiith oi?iith iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio iioe?aia aeaoa?i?iiaaia
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue uiaei ?ic?aooieo iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio oa
ioe?ioe? oiiae ia?oeioaaiiy a i?ioean? ?oiueiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy;

· aeyaeaiee ae?aiacii oiia ?aae?caoe?? i?ioeano caeiaiiy, ui caaacia/o?
ia?oeioaaiiy a?iaoaeaaeo eiiiiceoe?e; aeaia ioe?iea aieeao oiaueie,
iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ? a?aeiinii? u?eueiino? iaoa??aeo oa?o nia/aiiai
ii?ioeo ia noaio iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio, aaee/eio i?oaeiiai
i?oaeeiaiiy oa ci?io oiaueie ii?ioeiaiai oa?o eiiiiceoe?? a i?ioean? ??
aeaeio;

· ia iniia? io?eiaieo aeaoa?i?iiaaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae,
i?aei?ia?aie aaia?oaaiiy inaaaeiaeiaaeeiaeo ??aiii??ii ? ii?iaeueii
?iciiae?eaieo /enae ? i?aei?ia?aie noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee aaaaoi?aciaeie
?icea?aoaie ianea?a aeaieo, ui iaaeathoueny, o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
caaaeueiith no?aoaa??th caniao Iiioa-Ea?ei ?ic?iaeaia ?i?oaoe?eia
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue uiaei i?iaiicoaaiiy oi/iino? aaiiao?e/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aiooeo eiiiiceoe?eieo ? neeaaeiii?io?eueieo aeaoaeae;

· aeyaeaiee oai?aoe/ii ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaiee aenia?eiaioaeueii aieea
aa??aoe?e aeo?aeieo ia?aiao??a ia ae?aiacii noioanoe/iiai ci?io ?aae?ono
caeeoeiai? e?eaecie aeaiooeo a?iaoaeaaeo ii?ioeiaeo eiiiiceoe?e ?
neeaaeiii?io?eueieo ae?ia?a;

· ia iniia? io?eiaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ? aeaiaio?a oai??? iia?aoe?e
ae??oaia caaea/a uiaei aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy ?aae?on?a aeaeio ?
i?ecia/aiith aeiia aei aeo?aeieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a, ui
caaacia/othoue io?eiaiiy iaiao?aeieo ?aae?on?a caeeoeiai? e?eaecie c
o?aooaaiiyi aeiionoeieo ae?aiacii?a ?oiuei? iiaeeeai? ci?ie.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a
i?iaaaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue:

· ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie ?ic?aooieo ? eiiieaen i?ia?aiieo cania?a uiaei
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaeo ca’yce?a i?ioeano caeiaiiy
eiiiiceoe?eieo ? neeaaeiii?io?eueieo caaio?aie, a oaeiae uiaei
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?e ? eiino?oeoe?e, ui iiaeooue
aooe canoiniaai? aei oe?ieiai niaeo?o aiooeo aeaoaeae i?e ??oaii?
eiie?aoieo aeine?aeieo ? i?aeoe/ieo caaea/;

· ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o caniao caeiaiiy aeiaaii??ieo
aieiaeo iaiaeae iaioee?y aeaoo aaoiaona EAC c ae?eueieoeyie, ui
/a?aothoueny, ??ciiiai?oii? e?eaecie; aecia/aiiy ?aae?on?a e?eaecie
?ia?oie/i? /anoeie oaaeiio aeey caeiaiiy; ae?aiacii?a ci?ie iieiaeaiiy
caa?iiai e?ioey i?io?eth aieiai? iaiae? aeaoo aaoiaona EAC ? ae?aiacii?a
ci?ie neee i?eoeniaiiy ?ieeea c aeanoe/iei iie?o?aoaiiaei iie?eooyi aeey
caeiaiiy aei oaaeiio c caaio?aeith, ui caaacia/othoue io?eiaiiy i?io?eth
aieiaeo iaiaeae c caaeaiith oi/i?noth aaiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee;

· ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o caniao caeiaiiy a?iaoaeaaeo
i?aeoeiiee?a eiacaiiy c aioeo?eeoe?eiei ii?ioeiaei oa?ii; aecia/aiith
?aae?on?a aeaeio, ui caaacia/othoue iethniaa a?aeoeeaiiy ia ?aae?aeueiee
?ici?? c o?aooaaiiyi noioanoe/iiai ci?io iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae, oiauei
oa??a ? aeo?aeii? u?eueiino? iaoa??aeo; aeai?o oiaueie ii?ioeiaiai oa?o
aeo?aeii? caaio?aee c o?aooaaiiyi eiai iioiauaiiy a i?ioean? aeaeio ia
caaeaiee ?aae?on; aeiionoeiiio ni?aa?aeiioaiith oiauei eiiiaeoiiai ?
ii?enoiai oa??a c oi/ee ci?o ia?oeioaaiiy eiiiiceoe?? i?e ??
aeaoi?ioaaii?;

· ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o cania?a caeiaiiy; aecia/aiith
ia?aiao??a neeaaeeiooai?aiiy i?e caeiaii? oiieino?iiiai i?io?eth c?
neeaaeiith oi?iith iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio; ?aae?on?a aeaeio, ui
caaacia/othoue iaiao?aei? ?aae?one caeeoeiai? e?eaecie aai ?aae?on?a
i?ioeaeaeio aeey aei?aaeaiiy niaaeeiai? e?eaecie noiniaii aei
aeae?eueeio aeaeyae?a ni?oiaeo i?io?e?a c? neeaaeiith oi?iith
iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio, ui i?ieaoothoueny ia niaoe?ae?ciaaiiio noai?
55/260200.

?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aoee aeei?enoai?:

· i?e noai?aii? eiino?oeoe?? iaoeie aeey oi?ioaaiiy aieiaeo iaiaeae
iaioee?y aeaoo aaoiaona EAC, ui aoiaeeoue a neeaae e?i?? aeey
ae?iaieoeoaa aieiaeo iaiaeae; aeai?? iioeiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo
?aaeei?a, ui caaacia/othoue io?eiaiiy i?io?e?a aieiaeo iaiaeae c
caaeaiith oi/i?noth ?ici???a a Oe?IAe?Iaoaeo?aIao? (i. Neia’yinuee);

· i?e ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a ? aeiia aei ia?aiao??a aeo?aeieo
ii?ioeiaeo a?iaoaeaaeo caaio?aie i?ae iioi?iiinaaee i?aeoeiiee oaieiaico
? i?aeoeiieeia? aeeaaeeo? ?ieee?a ?ieueaaia?a ??cieo oeii?ici???a ia
E??ianueeiio caaiae? ae?ia?a c iaoaeaaeo ii?ioe?a (i. E??ianuee) ?
A?oaiianueeiio caaiae? «Ia?aiiaa i?aoe?» (i. A?oaiianuee);

· i?e ?ic?iaoe? eiino?oeoe?? aa?noaoo aeey aeaioiaeaiiy aiooeo aeaoaeae
c oiieino?iieo i?io?e?a aeniei? aei?noeino? c? neeaaeeiooai?aiiyi, ui
oi?aaeyaoueny, ? eiino?oeoe?? caeiaeueii-i?aaeeueiiai o?ueio?ieeeiaiai
aeaoooaaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai i?ieaoiiai noaio 55/260200.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. I?e i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe
yeeo iioae?eiaai? a ni?aaaoi?noa?, aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue iaa?oiooaaiiy
i?eeiyoeo cania?a io?eiaiiy ?icaeyaeoaaieo oei?a aiooeo aeaoaeae,
?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, aeai?eoi?a ? i?ia?aiieo cania?a, o/anoue
o i?iaaaeaii? aeine?ae?a, aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ic?iaea i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ? o/anoue a ai?iaaaeaeaii? ?o o ae?iaieoeoai.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
iia?aeiieai? ? iaaiai?ai?:

· ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e ?aae? Oe?IAe?Iaoaeo?aIaoa, i. Neia’yinuee, 1993
?.;

· ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e ?aae? E??ianueeiai caaiaeo ae?ia?a c iaoaeaaeo
ii?ioe?a, i. E??ianuee, 1995 ?.;

· ia 6-e I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iaae?ei?noue
??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo ? iioei?caoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai», i.
E?aiaoi?nuee, aeiaoaiue 1995 ?.;

· ia I?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-oaoiieia?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo o/aieo
? oao?aoe?a «I?iaeaie oaoi?ee, oaoiieia?? ? aeiiii?? iaoeiiaoae?aiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa», i. E?aiaoi?nuee, 28-29 o?aaiy 1996 ?.;

· ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie ?icaeoeo iaoei?ieeo ?
a?aeo?aeieo i?ioean?a ia?iaee iaoae?a oeneii», i. E?aiaoi?nuee, 24-26
ethoiai 1997 ?.;

· ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Ia?niaeoeai?
oaoiieia?? ? iaeaaeiaiiy ia?iaee oeneii a iaoaeo?a?? ?
iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?», i. E?aiaoi?nuee, 22-24 ea?oiy 1998 ?.;

· ia ia’?aeiai?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e ?aae? oaeoeueoaoo AIIIO AeAeIA, 21
aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaiee a 10 iaoeiaeo
noaooyo, c yeeo 6 iioae?eiaai? a niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ca??eao iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue Aeiiaanueei? aea?aeaaii? iaoeiiaoae?aii? aeaaeai??,
Oa?e?anueeiai aa?aoe?eiiai ?inoeoooo ? CAeOO, 4 — ?oeiiene, ui
aiiooaaeeny ? aeaiiioaaeeny.

I?e ?iaio? iaae aeena?oaoe??th aaoi? nie?aany ia i?aoe? Iioi?ia ?. I.,
Eeniaa I. ?., Aeaaeaeiaa A. ?., O??oaanueeiai ?. N. oa ?ioeo
aeine?aeiee?a.

Iaaaaeai? ieae/a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? i?e caoe?eaaeaiiio ni?eyii?
Oe?IAe?Iaoaeo?aIaoa ? AAO «Noa?i-E?aiaoi?nueeee iaoeiiaoae?aiee caaiae».

Aaoi? aaey/iee ni?a?ia?oieeai eaoaae?e AII AeAeIA Naoii?io I. A.,
Oaaei??iiao A. A., Aa?oiae/o ?. O. oa ?ioei, ui aeyaeee aacoe?iio
aeiiiiiao i?e ?iaio? iaae aeena?oaoe??th ? aeneiaeee ei?eni? ?aaee ?
caoaaaeaiiy.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 5
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a. Aiia aeeeaaeaia ia 129 noi?. iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
i?noeoue 92 ?enoiea, 19 oaaeeoeue, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 111
iaeiaioaaiue, a oaeiae 4 aeiaeaoea.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ANOOI? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, ?? oe?eue, ina?oeai?
iaoeia? ? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe, a oaeiae iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui
aeiinyoueny aei caoenoo.

OAOIIEIA?*I? ?AAEEIE ? EIINO?OEOEAI?

INIAEEAINO? IAOAI?*IIAI IAEAAeIAIIss AeEss

CAEIAIIss EIIIICEOe?EIEO ? NEEAAeIII?IO?EUeIEO

CAAIO?AIE (aiae?c noaio ieoaiiy)

A caeaaeiino? a?ae i?ecia/aiiy ? aeiia aei oi/iino? aeaioiaeaiiy a
i?iieneiaino? aeei?enoiao?oueny oe?eee ?yae cania?a io?eiaiiy aiooeo
aeaoaeae. Oe? caniae oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeaeyaeaie ?ino?oiaioo,
inianoee, iaeaaeiaiiy, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny, ? aieiae?thoue iaaieie
iiaeeeainoyie aeaioiaeaiiy aiooeo aeaoaeae.

Canoinoaaiiy aiooeo aeaoaeae, io?eiaieo i?e ?aae?caoe?? ??ciiiai?oieo
oaoiieia?/ieo noai i?ioean?a caeiaiiy, iai?aaeaia ia ??oaiiy aeooaeueii?
caaea/? cieaeaiiy iaoaeiaa?oino? iaoei ? aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e i?e
iaeii/aniiio caaacia/aii? aeiia aei ?o i?oeiino?, aei?noeino? ?
iaae?eiino?, a oaeiae aeey iaaeaiiy ie?aiei aeaiaioai eiino?oeoe?e
niaoeeo?/ieo aeanoeainoae, ia i?eoaiaiieo cae/aeiei eiino?oeoe?eiei
iaoa??aeai. I?e oeueiio inoaii? iiaea aooe aeinyaiooa o?eueee ca ?aooiie
canoinoaaiiy aiooeo aeaoaeae eiiiiceoe?eii? no?oeoo?e, a oiio /ene? ?
aeaoaeae, io?eiaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi ii?ioeiaeo oaoiieia?e.

?acii c oei, i?e aeaioiaeaii? oe?eiai ?yaeo ye?nii iiaeo aiooeo aeaoaeae
neeaaeii? oi?ie iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio ? eiiiiceoe?eii? no?oeoo?e aea??
cania?a io?eiaiiy, oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a ? iaeaaeiaiiy, ui
caaacia/othoue iaea?eueoo aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano, iiaea aooe
oneeaaeiaiee aaaa?eoaie aeaoaeae, iniaeeainoyie ? oi?iith iiia?a/iiai
ia?aoeio, iayai?noth eiiiiceoe?eii? no?oeoo?e, a oiio /ene? ? ii?enoi?,
i?aeaeuaieie aeiiaaie aei oi/iino? aeaioiaeaiiy ? ?i. Oiio, i?e
i?iaaaeaii? aiae?co noaio ieoaiiy noiniaii aei oa?aeoa?ieo aiooeo
aeaoaeae, ia caaacia/aiiy iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiai io?eiaiiy yeeo
iai?aaeai? cae?enithaai? a iei?oi?e ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaiiy, anoaiiaeaii,
ui:

· ?nioth/? caniae ? oaoiieia?/i? iiaeeeaino? iaoai?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy,
aac aeiaeaoeo iai?oaeaiue, ui ?icoyaothoue aeua iaae? ieeiiino?,
i?aeoe/ii ia aeicaieythoue iaea?aeoaaoe iaaeoi aeiaaii??i? oiieino?ii?
aeaoae? c? neeaaeiei i?io?eai ci?iii? e?eaecie i?e ci?i? a?aeiinieo
?aae?on?a caeeoeiai? e?eaecie a ae?aiacii? Rino/h=30…1500, eiee
aaee/eia i?oaeiiai i?oaeeiaiiy cia/ia ? a a?eueo?e i??? caeaaeeoue a?ae
aieeao aeiaaeeiaeo ia?aaeaiaioiaaieo /eiiee?a;

· iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o iioeiaeueiiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oiauei oa??a, a?aooaaiith ci?ie oiaueie, aieeao
aeo?aeieo ia?aiao??a ii?enoiai oa?o c o?aooaaiiyi ?aaeueieo ae?aiacii?a
?o noioanoe/iiai ci?io i?e aeaei? a?iaoaeaai? eiiiiceoe??, io?eiaii?
i?ieaoeith oa ianooiiei ni?eaiiyi eiiiaeoii? ? ii?enoi? neeaaeiaeo, a
oaeiae iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, ui aeicaieyoue c aeinoaoi?i nooiaiai
iaaeeaeaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaoe aeaiee i?ioean c ?ic?iaeith eiie?aoieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, a oaoi?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? a aeinoaoiueiio ianyc? ia
iaaaaeai?.

Oiio ? aeooaeueiei ye iiaeaeueoa aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a ?
eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a iaeaaeiaiiy, ui aeei?enoiao?oueny a oeueiio
aeiaaeeo, oae ? iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, a oaeiae
ae??oaiiai ia ?oi?e iniia? oe?ieiai eiea caaea/ i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?e
? eiino?oeoe?e, ui caaacia/othoue i?aeaeuaiiy iniiaieo iieaciee?a yeino?
iaea?aeoaaieo aiooeo aeaoaeae.

AEA?? IAI?ssIEO ? CANIA?A AeINE?AeAEAIUe

I?aaeeueiee aea?? oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a ? eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a
iaoai?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeo niaoe?aeueieo aiooeo
aeaoaeae ca a?aenooiino? aeinoaoiueiai ianyao aii??e/ieo aeaieo ?
neeaaeiith eiiieaeniith caaea/ath, ??oaiiy yei? iiaeiii cae?enithaaoeny
caeaa?eueoiai ia iniia? oi/ieo iaoeiaeo caeiiii??iinoae ? caeaaeiinoae,
aeneiaeaieo o aeaeyae? iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ? ?ic?iaeaieo ia ?oi?e
iniia? i?ia?aiieo cania?a, ui iiaeii? caaacia/eoe aiae?c
i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaeo ca’yce?a c iaaeaiiyi an??? iaiao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe??
i?i i?ioean.

Aeey io?eiaiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo caeaaeiinoae aeei?enoai? iieiaeaiiy oai???
i?oaeiino?, oai??? ieanoe/iino?, oai??? ?iia??iino?, caniae iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee oa aeaiaioe oai??? iia?aoe?e.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeey ioe?iee a??ia?aeiino? io?eiaiiai
iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo ? io?eiaiiy noaoenoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ii
eiao?oe??ioao aa??aoe?e aeo?aeieo ia?aiao??a, ui aieeaathoue iaea?eueoa,
aoee i?iaaaeai? ye a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao, oae ? a oiiaao
aeine?aeieoeueei-i?iieneiaiai ? i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

IAOAIAOE*I? IIAeAE? ? I?IA?AII? CANIAE II

AAOIIAOECIAAIIIO ?IC?AOOIEO ? I?IAEOOAAIITH

I?IOeAN?A CAEIAIIss EIIIICEOe?EIEO ?

NEEAAeIII?IO?EUeIEO CAAIO?AIE

Ia iniia? /enaeueiiai ?aeo?aioiiai ??oaiiy cae/aeii-??cieoeaai? oi?ie
oiiae noaoe/ii? ??aiiaaae aeae?eaiiai aeaiaioa?iiai ia’?io iioe?aia a
iaeanoue aaaaoioa?iaeo eenoiaeo eiiiiceoe?e c ii?enoeie neeaaeiaeie ?
aeia?eueieo oi?i iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio /enaeueia aeaoa?i?iiaaia
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio i?e caeiaii?
aaaaoioa?iaeo iie?iaoaeaaeo eeno?a ? nioa. Aaciina?aaeiuei iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano i?oaeii-ieanoe/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy aaaaoioa?iai?
eenoiai? eiiiiceoe?? c ii?enoeie neeaaeiaeie iieyaaei a ?icae?eaii?
eiiiiceoe?? ii ?? oiauei? ia e?ioeaao iiiaeeio aeaiaioa?ieo ia’?i?a,
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? i?eiaeaaeiino? i-ai aeaiaioa k-io oa?o eiiiiceoe??,
aecia/aii? oaiaaioe?aeueieo aeaoi?iaoe?e ? iai?oaeaiue aeey eiaeiiai
aeaiaioa?iiai ia’?io a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiai eii?aeeiaoe,
o?ce/ii-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo, e?eaecie oa aeaoi?iaoe??
na?aaeiueiai oa?o, a oaeiae a ianooiiiio /enaeueiiio ?ioaa?oaaii? ii
oiauei? c ?oa?aoe?eiei ??oaiiyi aeaoi?iaoe?? na?aaeiueiai oa?o aeoiaey/e
c oiiae a?aeiia?aeiino? ?ic?aooieiaeo ? caaeaieo cia/aiue
oaiaaioe?aeueieo nee. I?e ?aae?caoe?? eiaeiiai /a?aiaiai oeeeeo
iaaaioaaeaiiy c ii?yaeeiaei iiia?ii t a yeino? aeo?aeieo aeei?enoiaoaaee
?ic?aooieia? aaiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aaaaoioa?iai? eiiiiceoe??,
io?eiai? aeey iiia?aaeiueiai oeeeeo c ii?yaeeiaei iiia?ii (t-1).
?acoeueooth/? iaaaaeai? aei iaeeieoe? oe?eie oaiaaioe?aeueia neea ?
iiiaio ia t-iio e?ieo iaaeeaeaiiy neeaee, a?aeiia?aeii, aeey
aaaaoioa?iai? eenoiai? eiiiiceoe??:

wmetafile8? ??T?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy????? ???&?
?MathType??`????&??yyyy?????????????wmetafile8?
??%??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? A????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA ??s?? ???&?
?MathType??0???u@th??????aea yit — aaiiao?e/ia eii?aeeiaoa
aeaiaioa?ii? ae?eueieoe? ii a?aeiioaiith aei na?aaeiuei? iiaa?oi?;

it — oaiaaioe?aeueia iai?oaa, ae?th/a ia a?aeiia?aei?e aeaiaioa?i?e
ae?eueieoe?.

Aeey eiiiiceoe?? aeia?eueii? oi?ie iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio ?icae?eaiiy
cae?enithaaee ? ii oiauei?, ? ii oe?ei? aeey eiaeii? ie?aii? ii ??aith
e?i?? no?oio.

Ca’ycie i?ae aeaoi?iaoe?yie ? iai?oaeaiiyie aeey eiaeii? aeaiaioa?ii?
ae?eueieoe?, a?aeiia?aeii? eiiiaeoiei neeaaeiaei, cae?enithaaee ia
iniia? caeiio Aoea a ciiao i?oaeiiai ? c o?aooaaiiyi aeaoi?iaoe?eiiai
ci?oeiaiiy a ciiao i?oaeii-ieanoe/iiai oi?iioai?aiiy.

Ooieoe?iiaeuei? ca’ycee iii?ae aeaoi?iaoe?yie ? iai?oaeaiiyie
aeaiaioa?ii? ae?eueieoe? ii?enoi? neeaaeiai? a ciiao i?oaeii-ieanoe/iiai
oi?iioai?aiiy cae?enithaaee c aeei?enoaiiyi oiiae ieanoe/iino? naia aeey
ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a.

Caaaeath/e ia ooieoe?iiaeueio aca?iicaeaaei?noue aaee/ei, ui aoiaeyoue
aei oiiae ieanoe/iino? ii?enoeo iaoa??ae?a, ??oaiiy aeey eiaeii?
ae?eueieoe? yit ae?iaeyee /enaeueii oeyoii iane?i/aiii iaeiai i?e?inoo
oaiaaioe?aeueii? aeaoi?iaoe?? it aei cia/aiiy, a?aeiia?aeiiai
?icaeyaeoaai?e aeaiaioa?i?e ae?eueieoe?.

??oaiiy i?e i?oaeiiio ?icaaioaaeaii? cae?enithaaee oaeiae c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?oa?aoe?eieo i?ioeaaeo?, aecia/ath/e caeaaeiino? i?ae
oaiaaioe?aeueiith neeith Npt ? iiiaioii Mpt, aeaoi?iaoe??th na?aaeiuei?
iiaa?oi? cpt oa ?? caeeoeiaith e?eaeciith ninot aei aeeiiaiiy oiia
Npt=0 ? Mpt=0.

Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a /enaeueii? ?aae?caoe?? io?eiaieo aeaoa?i?iiaaieo
iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ? a?aeiia?aeieo ?i i?ia?aiieo cania?a ae?iaeaia
ioe?iea aieeao anueiai eiiieaeno aeo?aeieo ia?aiao??a ia ?acoeueooth/?
eieaeuei? ? ?ioaa?aeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioeano, aeaiee e?euee?niee oa
ye?niee aiae?c a?aeiia?aeieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ca’yce?a.

Io?eiai? aeaoa?i?iiaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, ui i?aai?coaaeeny o
a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c caaaeueiith no?aoaa??th caniao Iiioa-Ea?ei, neeaee
eiiieaen i?ia?aiieo cania?a uiaei ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy oi/iino?
aaiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aiooeo aeaoaeae c eiiiiceoe?eieo ?
neeaaeiii?io?eueieo caaio?aie.

Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a /enaeueiiai aiae?co anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo
cia/oueie ia?aiao?aie, aa??aoe?? yeeo aeyaeythoue iaea?eueoee aieea ia
noioanoe/io ci?io ?acoeueooth/eo cia/aiue ?aae?ono caeeoeiai? e?eaecie ?
aaee/eie iiiaioo, ? oiaueia ? iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? oa??a, a aeey
eiiiiceoe?e c ii?enoeie neeaaeiaeie, ? aeo?aeia a?aeiinia u?euei?noue
nia/aiiai ii?ioeo, e?euee?ni? ioe?iee yeeo iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
i?ecia/aii? aeiia aei aeo?aeieo caaio?aie aeoiaey/e c oiiae caaacia/aiiy
iaiao?aeii? oi/iino? iaea?aeoaaieo aiooeo aeaoaeae.

Caeiie ?iciiae?eo an?o ?acoeueooth/eo oa?aeoa?enoee aeecuee? aei
ii?iaeueiiai, iai?eeeaae, aeey ii?ioeiai? a?iaoaeaai? eiiiiceoe??
«noaeue 20 + a?iicia?ao?o AA-1» eiao?oe??ioe aa??aoe?? ?acoeueooth/i?
oiaueie ii?ioeiaiai oa?o ? ?aae?ono caeeoeiai? e?eaecie iiaeooue
aeinyaaoe, a?aeiia?aeii, hi?=0,047 ? Rcino=0,0075 (?en. 1), a aeey
oiiei? nioae i?ae aieiao iaiaeue c noaee 08 ei eiao?oe??ioe aa??aoe??
iiiaioo ? ?aae?ono caeeoeiai? e?eaecie a?aeiia?aeii M =0,04 ?
Rcino=0,011 (?en. 2).

wmetafile8? ??Ue1?????????? ??????? ME???????? ???????
ME???/???yyy?y???yy???y???yy???y?y?y??????????y???y?Y???YRR??
?????L???L&&?&???&?y???y??Y)??YgR???O??L??L/&?&
??&?y??y??YR??Y|R????_??L&??L9&?&??&
?y???yss?Y|??Y‘R?_??o??L9??LB&?&
??&!?yy??yy?YY??YYR?????LL??LL&?&&??&&??y??ssy?|Y??‘YR?_??o??9
L??BL&? &??!&?y???y?RY??|YR????_??&L??9L&?&??
&??y???y?)Y??gYR???O??L??/L&?
&??&??y??y??Y??RYR????????L??&L&??&??&??y??y???Y)?RYg????O??
L?&L/??& ?&??y?y???YR?RY|?????_??L&?&L9??&?&
??y??yss??Y|?RY‘??_??o??L9?&LB??&
?&!??yy?yy??YY?RYY??????LL?&LL??&&?&&???y?ssy??|Y?R‘Y??_??o??9
L?&BL?? &?!&??y??y??RY?R|Y?????_??&L?&9L??&?
&???y??y??)Y?RgY????O??L?&/L??
&?&???y?y???Y?RRY?????????L?&&L???&?&???y??y?)?Y?gRY???O???
L?/&L? ?&?&??y??y?R?Y?|RY????_??&?L?9&L??&?
&???y?ssy?|?Y?‘RY?_??o??9?L?B&L?
?&?!&?y?y?yy?Y?Y?YRY?????L?L?L&L?&?&?&&?y???yss?Y?|?YR‘??_??o?
L?9?L&B?&? ?&!?y??y??Y?R?YR|?????_?L?&?L&9?&??&
?y???y??Y?)?YRg????O?L??L&/?&?
?&?TTT?vvv?????????UeUeUe????????4???????5????u????????????-?
8???%??en. 1 Caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??io?a aa??aoe?e ?acoeueooth/i?
oiaueie ii?ioeiaiai oa?o hi? (a) ? ?aae?ono caeeoeiai? e?eaecie Rcino
(a) a?ae ci?ie eiao?oe??io?a aa??aoe?e oiauei eiiiaeoiiai he ? ii?enoiai
hi oa??a, iaae? ieeiiino? eiiiaeoiiai oa?o o0e ? aeo?aeii? u?eueiino?
ii?ioeiaiai oa?o 0 i?e caeiaii? a?iaoaeaai? eiiiiceoe?? «noaeue
20+a?iicia?ao?o AA-1″

C aeei?enoaiiyi aeaoa?i?iiaaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae a yeino?
oe?eueiai? ooieoe?? ? no?aoaa?e iaeiiia?aiao?e/ii? iioei?caoe??
noi?ioeueiaaia ? ae??oaia i?ia?aiii caaea/a ii aaoiiaoeciaaiiio
i?iaeooaaiith ?aae?on?a aeaeio, ui caaacia/othoue io?eiaiiy iaiao?aeieo
?aae?on?a caeeoeiai? e?eaecie aeaoae?, a a ii?aeiaii? c iaeii/aniei
i?iaaaeaiiyi ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy, ? caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeii?
oi/iino? ?acoeueooth/eo aaiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee.

AENIA?EIAIOAEUeI? AeINE?AeAEAIIss I?IOeAN?A CAEIAIIss

EIIIICEOe?EIEO ? NEEAAeIII?IO?EUeIEO CAAIO?AIE

Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo a
eaai?aoi?ieo ? i?iieneiaeo oiiaao, aecia/ai? ae?eni? ae?aiaciie
noioanoe/iiai ci?io aeo?aeieo ia?aiao??a, ui iaea?eueo aieeaathoue ia
aaee/eio i?oaeiiai i?oaeeiaiiy caaio?aie i?ae aieiao iaiaeue ? i?ae
ii?ioeia? aeeaaeeo? i?aeoeiiee?a eiacaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui eiao?oe??ioe
aa??aoe?? oiaueie ? iaae? ieeiiino? caaio?aie

wmetafile8? ??Ass??? ???????? ¬?1th??? thw$???

???????? F?(th??? ‰$????????±»F?(th????
???u?????yyy»????-?????ue??yyy?????-??????»¬?1th
???u?????????»????-??????????%?O,O”???%?O””???%
?”,???%?,O,???%?O,O0???%?O00???%?04
???%?4O4???%?O4O8???%?O88???%?8<???% ?<O<???%?O<O????%?O?O???%?O???%?? ???%??O????%?O,,???%?,(???%?(O(???% ?O(O$???%?O$$???%?$ ???%? O ???%?O O ???%?O  ???%?) ,) ”???%?O ”O ,???%?†©s????%?s?gI???%?gIau???%?aua???% ?agA???%?gAs[???%?s[†d???%?†d“d???%?“dY [???%?Y[?A???%??A????%???u???%??u?I???% ??IY????%?Y?“©???%?“©†©???%?†©z????%?z?s »???%?s»mI???%?mIgu???%?gug???%?gmA???% ?mAsR???%?sRz[???%?z[†d???%?“d?[???%??[Y R???%?YR«A???%?«A????%???u???%??u«I???% ?«IY»???%?Y»?????%???“©???%?©d???%?d d???%? d ????%?©ueAe???%?ueAe?I???%??d(d???%?/d5[ ???%?5[/R???%?/R)[???%?)[/d???%?e[/A???%?/ Ay???%?yyu???%?yu/I???%?/Ie????%?e?O© ???%?O©E©???%?E©?????%????»???%??»?I???%?? I¬u???%?¬u¬???%?¬?A???%??A?R???%??R?[ ???%??[Ed???%?EdOd???%?Ode[???%?e[ae[???%? ae[eR???%?eRnA???%?nA/???%?//u???%?/unI ???%?nIe»???%?e»ae????%?ae?O©???%?E©?????% ???¬I???%?¬I¦u???%?¦u¦???%?¦¬A???%?¬A? [???%??[Ed???%?Odae[???%? N4???%?4 ???%?  i???%? iA???%?A Y???%? Yu????%?u?i????%?i?aY???%?aYU®???%?U®OA ???%?OAIi???%?IiI???%?IO4???%?O4UE???%?U EaN???%?aNiW???%?iWuW???%?uW N???%? NN???%?N E???%? E4???%?4???%?i???%?iA???%?A ®???%? ®Y???%?Yu????%?i?UY???%?UYIA???%?IACi ???%?CiC???%?CI4???%?I4UN???%?UNiW???%?u WN???%?ae,?,???%??,?”???%??”ae”???%?ae”ae ,???%?ae,a,???%?a,Y,???%?Y,Y”???%?Y”U”??? %?U”U,???%?U,O,???%?O,O”???%?O”N”???%?N” N,???%?N,I,???%?I,I”???%?I”E”???%?E”E,??? %?E,A,???%?A,A”???%?A”A”???%?A”A,???%?a, a”???%?O???%?kOk???%?OVV???%?AOA???%? i?aI???%?aIYu???%?YuY???%?YaA???%?aAi[ ???%?i[d???%?dd???%?d![???%?![-A???%? -A4???%?44u???%?4u-I???%?-I!????%?!?© ???%?©©???%?©o????%?o?i»???%?i»eI???%? eIau???%?aua???%?aeA???%?eAiR???%?iRo[ ???%?o[d???%?d[???%?[!R???%?!R'A???%? 'A-???%?--u???%?-u'I???%?'I!»???%?!»? ???%??©???%?©i????%????I???%??I—u???%? —u—???%?—?A???%??A?[???%??[1/2d???%?1/2d Ed???%?EdUe[???%?Ue[eA???%?eAi???%?iiu? ??%?iueI???%?eIUe????%?Ue?E©???%?E©1/2©???% ?1/2©°????%?°??»???%??»¤I???%?¤I?u???%??u ????%??¤A???%?¤A?R???%??R°[???%?°[1/2d? ??%?EdOe[???%?Oe[UeR???%?UeRaA???%?aAe???% ?eeu???%?euaI???%?aIUe»???%?Ue»Oe????%?Oe ?E©???%?1/2©?????%? ?3©???%?3©L©???%?L©_????%?_?e»???%?e»kI ???%?kIkss???%?kssen???%?enR???%?R3???% ?3'???%?'/???%?/J???%?Jd???%?RJ ???%?J'J???%?'JF[???%?F[X[???%?X[eR???% ?eRkJ???%?kJk8???%?kJe[???%?e[_d???%?_dFd ???%?Fd'J???%?3L???%?L_n???%?_ness???% ?esseI???%?eI_»???%?_»X????%?X?L©???%? ?»???%?»I???%?IOe???%?Oess???%?ss Oe???%? OeI???%? I u???%? u ???%?  A???%? A& [???%?& [9 d???%?9 dE d???%?E dX [???%?X [d A???%?d Aj ???%?j j u???%?j ud I???%?d IX ????%?X ?E ©???%?E ©9 ©???%?9 ©, ????%?, ?& »???%?& » I???%? I u???%? u ???%?  A???%? A& R???%?& R, [???%?, [9 d???%?E dQ [???%?Q [X R???%?X R^ A???%?^ Ad ???%?d d u???%?d u^ I???%?^ IX »???%?X »Q ????%?Q ?E ©???%?9 ©& ????%?& ? I???%?O II u???%?I uI ???%?I O A???%?O Aa [???%?a [o d???%?o d?d???%??d[???%?[A???%?A%???%?%%u???%?%u I???%?I????%???©???%??©o ©???%?o ©c ????%?c ?a »???%?a »U I???%?U IO u???%?O uO ???%?O U A???%?U Aa R???%?a Rc [???%?c [o d???%??d [???%? [R???%?RA???%?A???%?u???%?uI???%?I »???%?» ????%? ??©???%?o ©a ????%?a ?O I???%?KIQ»???%?Q»W????%?W?j©???%?j©?©???%??©•? ???%?•??Ae???%??Ae?ss???%??ss•n???%?•n?u???%??up u???%??u???%?e ? ???%?? ?`???%??`a`???%?a`Ud???%?Ud’d???%?’d‹h???%?‹hO h???%?OhIl???%?Il„l???%?„lp???%?pAEp???%?AEp?t ???%??twt???%?wtpx???%?px?x???%??x?|???%??|i|?? ?%?i|b????%?b?«????%?«?¤„???%?¤„„???%?„Z…???%?Z …o+???%?o+J???%?JmY???%?mYZ…???%?Z…mY???%?mY Uo???%?UoEN???%?ENZ…???%?Z…????%???????%???—??? ?%?—?^????%?^?a???%?i  ???%?  X???%?XeX???%?eXeT???%?eTT???%?TP???%?Pae P???%?aePaL???%?aLL???%?L$H???%?$HeH???%?eHi D???%?iD)D???%?)D.@???%?.@o@???%?o@/<???%?/<3< ???%?3<88???%?88ue8???%?ue84???%?4=4???%?=4B0 ???%?B00???%?0 ,???%? ,G,???%?G,L(???%?L((???%?($???%?$Q$???%?Q$ V ???%?V  ???%?  ???%? [ ???%?[ ^???%?^$???%?$)???%?)[???%?[X???%?X. ???%?.3 ???%?3 U ???%?U R???%?R8???%?8=???%?=O???%?OL????%?L?B ????%?“? O ???%?O a???%?  ss ???%?ss aeX???%?aeX!X???%?!X&T???%?&TeT???%?eTiP???%?iP ,P???%?,P1L???%?1LoL???%?oLuH???%?uH6H???%?6H; D???%?;DthD???%?thD@???%?@A@???%?A@F<???%?F< <???%?<8???%?8K8???%?K8P4???%?P44???%?40?? ?%?0V0???%?V0[,???%?[,o???%?oUe^???%?Ue^D???% ?D[,???%?[,,???%?,"(???%?"(X(???%?X(U$???% ?U$'$???%?'$- ???%?- R ???%?R O ???%?O 2 ???%?2 7???%?7L???%?LI???%?I<???%?d h???%? haeh???%?aehcl???%?cll???%?lp???%?pep???%?e pit???%?ituet???%?uet/x???%?/xnx???%?add???%?a dTH`???%?iaede???%?deOe???%?OeRi???%?Ri_i???%?i aeLae???%?LaeIa???%?‚o ¤o ???%?¤o ?o ???%??o …o ???%?…o ‰ue ???%?‰ue ?ue ???%??ue ”????%?”??????%?‚o ? ???%?? ©? ???%?©? ?i ???%??i |i ???%?|i ye ???%?ye ?e ???%??e ?ae ???%??ae |ae ???%?|ae ?en. 2 Caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??io?a aa??aoe?e iiiaioo M (a) ? ?aae?ono caeeoeiai? e?eaecie Rcino (a) a?ae ci?ie eiao?oe??io?a aa??aoe?e oiaueie h ? iaae? ieeiiino? o0 oiiei? nioae c noaee 08 ei a ianyc? ia?o?e ?oeii?a i?ae aieiao iaiaeue neeaaeathoue, a?aeiia?aeii, h=0,038 ? o0=0,0057, a eiao?oe??ioe aa??aoe?? oiauei eiiiaeoiiai ? ii?enoiai oa??a, iaae? ieeiiino? eiiiaeoiiai oa?o ? aeo?aeii? a?aeiinii? u?eueiino? nia/aiiai ii?ioeiaiai oa?o a?iaoaeaaeo "noaeue 20 + a?iicia?ao?o AA-1" caaio?aie i?ae aeeaaeeo? i?aeoeiiee?a eiacaiiy, a?aeiia?aeii: hk=0,021; hi=0,028; o0=0,059; 0=0,024. ?acoeueoaoe c?noaaiiai aiae?co ?ic?aooieiaeo ? aii??e/ieo ?iciiae?e?a ?aae?ono caeeoeiai? e?eaecie, i?iaaaeaiiai c aeei?enoaiiyi e?eoa???a O?eeieniia ? Nie?iiaa, i?aeoaa?aeeee aeinoaoi?e nooi?iue a??ia?aeiino? ? iiaeeea?noue iiaeaeueoiai aeei?enoaiiy io?eiaieo a iei?oi?e ?iaio? iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, a oaeiae ?ic?iaeaieo ia ?oi?e iniia? i?ia?aiieo cania?a, i?e oeueiio caiineia iia??oi?noue ia ia?aaeueea, ii na?aaei?i aea??eiaei cia/aiiyi, 3.1% aeey caaio?aie i?ae aieiao iaiaeue ? 5.1% aeey caaio?aie i?ae i?aeoeiieeia? aeeaaeeo?. Aeine?aeaeaii i?ioean oi?iioai?aiiy aenia?eiaioaeueiiai i?io?eth aieiai? iaiae? ? anoaiiaeaii, ui io?eiaiiy aieiai? iaiae? c iaiao?aeiith oi/i?noth i?e ae?enieo anoaiiaeaieo ae?aiaciiao noioanoe/iiai ci?io oiaueie ? iaae? ieeiiino? iaoa??aeo aeo?aeieo caaio?aie ia iaeiiio i?io?e? oaaeiio ? iiaeeeaei, i?e oeueiio ae?aiacii ci?ie oeneo ?ia?oie/i? ??aeeie a a?ae?ioe?e?iae?ao i?eoeniaiiy ?ieeea c aeanoe/iei iie?eooyi iiaeiai neeaaeaoe 0.78... 2.2 IIa, ui a?aeiia?aea? ?iciiae?eaiiio iaaaioaaeaiith ia ?ie?e aei 5.34 I/ii. AAeINEIIAEAIIss OAOIIEIA?*IEO ?AAEEI?A ? EIINO?OEOEAIEO IA?AIAO??A IAOAI?*IIAI IAEAAeIAIIss AeEss IO?EIAIIss AIOOEO EIIIICEOe?EIEO ? NEEAAeIII?IO?EUeIEO AeAOAEAE Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioeano caeiaiiy aieiaeo iaiaeae iaioee?y aeaoo aaoiaona EAC aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo iiaea aooe eiia?iiaaiee can?a, ui iieyaa? a iaeaooe? caaio?aee ii iiai?ioiiio aei?noeiio oaaeiio ?ieeeii c iie?o?aoaiiaei iie?eooyi, ui aeicaieeoue i?e i?aaeeueii aea?aiiio i?io?eth oaaeiio iaea?aeoaaoe caaeaiee e?ioeaaee i?io?eue aieiai? iaiae?. I?e ae??oaii? iioei?caoe?eii? caaea/? c iaeii/aniei i?iaaaeaiiyi ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy aecia/ai? ?aae?one e?eaecie ?ia?oie/i? /anoeie oaaeiio aeey caeiaiiy, ui caaacia/othoue i?e i?i?iaeuei?e nee? i?eoeniaiiy ?ieeea ieaei? a?aie/ia a?aeoeeaiiy a?eueiiai e?ioey i?io?eth a?ae iii?iaeo. Ia i?aenoaa? anoaiiaeaiiai a oeueiio aeiaaeeo ae?aiacii? a?aeoeeaiiy a?eueiiai e?ioey aoa aecia/aiee ae?aiacii ci?ie iaiao?aeii? neee i?eoeniaiiy ?ieeea, ui caaacia/o? iaiao?aeio oi/i?noue ?ici???a e?ioeaaiai i?io?eth, io?eiaia aii??e/ia iano?ithaaeueia caeaaei?noue iaiao?aeii? neee i?eoeniaiiy a?ae aaee/eie a?aeoeeaiiy. ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aoee aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? oaoi?/iiai ? ?ia?oie/iai i?iaeo?a iaoeie aeey oi?ioaaiiy aieiaeo iaiaeae iaioee?y aeaoo aaoiaona EAC, ui aoiaeeoue a neeaae iaeaaeiaiiy e?i?? aeey ae?iaieoeoaa aieiaeo iaiaeae. Aeey aeaioiaeaiiy a?iaoaeaaeo i?aeoeiiee?a eiacaiiy c aioeo?eeoe?eiei ii?ioeiaei iie?eooyi c ia?aoeiii aeinoaoiuei aaeeei? aei?noeinoe i?e a?aeiinieo ?aae?onao aeaeio Rino/h>10, aoa i?eeiyoee can?a caeiaiiy ia
o?ueioaaeeia?e neiao?e/i?e iaoei?. Aecia/ai? ?aae?one aeaeio, ui
caaacia/othoue aa?aioiaaia iethniaa a?aeoeeaiiy ? ae?aiacii ?icn?thaaiiy
?aae?ono caeeoeiai? e?eaecie, noi?ioeueiaai? aeiiae aei oiaueie
ii?ioeiaiai oa?o aeo?aeieo caaio?aie c o?aooaaiiyi iioiauaiiy a i?ioean?
aeaeio. I?aeoaa?aeaeaia ia?oeioaaiiy eiiiiceoe?? i?e ?? aeaei? aeey
oa?aeoa?ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue oiauei, iaoa??ae?a oa??a ? ?aae?ono aeaeio
aeey caaio?aee i?ae iioi?iiinaaee i?aeoeiiee oaieiaico. Aeey aeeaaeeo?a
i?aeoeiieeiaeo aoce?a ?ieueaaia?a, aea oiaueia ii?ioeiaiai oa?o iiaeiia
caaacia/oaaoe aeiionoeio aaee/eio ciino, aoee aecia/ai? i?i?iaeueii
aeiionoei? c oiiae ia?oeioaaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oiauei eiiiaeoiiai ?
ii?enoiai oa??a eiiiiceoe??.

E??i oiai, i?e aeaei? oiieino?iiiai i?io?eth aeniei? aei?noeino? ia
a?aeiinii iaeee ?aae?on aeine?aeaeaia noaia aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio ?
aecia/ai? ia?aiao?e neeaaeeiooai?aiiy. Io?eiai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aoee
aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? eiino?oeoe?? aa?noaoo aeey caeiaiiy
oiieino?iieo i?io?e?a aeniei? aei?noeino? ii oaaeiio c
neeaaeeiooai?aiiyi, ui ea?o?oueny. Aoee aecia/ai? oaeiae ?aae?one
aeaeio, ui caaacia/othoue aa?aioiaaiee iaiao?aeiee ?aae?on caeeoeiai?
e?eaecie noiniaii aei aeae?eueeii oeii?ici???a ni?oiaeo i?io?e?a c?
neeaaeiith oi?iith iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio, iaea?aeoaaieo ia
niaoe?ae?ciaaiiio noai? 55/260o200.

AENIIAEE

1. I?e noai?aii? iiaeo aoaeoeaieo c?ace?a no/anii? oaoi?ee c aenieeie
aenieoaoaoe?eieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ?nio? iio?aaa a canoinoaaii? aiooeo
aeaoaeae, ui ? niaoeeo?/ieie uiaei aaaa?eo?a, oi?i? i?io?eth, ??aith
o?ce/ii- iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ? iayaiino? eiiiiceoe?eii? no?oeoo?e,
io?eiaiiy yeeo a neeo caeaa?eueo ae??aiina??eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ?
a?aenooiino? aeinoaoiueiai ianyao aii??e/ieo aeaieo, iiaeiii
cae?enithaaoeny aaoiiaoeciaaii c aeei?enoaiiyi aeinoaoiuei no?iaiai
iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo.

2. Ooi/iaia ? iioe?aia a iaeanoue caeiaiiy aaaaoioa?iaeo eiiiiceoe?e c
ii?enoeie neeaaeiaeie ? aeia?eueiith oi?iith iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio
aeaoa?i?iiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue uiaei ioe?iee
iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio ? ioe?iee caa?aaeaiiy oe?e?niino?.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e caeiaii? a?iaoaeaaeo eiiiiceoe?e «iaeiaoaeeoeaaa
noaeue + a?iicia?ao?o» a ae?aiacii? Rino/h=10..30 ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oiauei
eiiiaeoiiai ? ii?enoiai oa??a, ?c oiiae ?? ia?oeioaaiiy, iiaeiii
neeaaeaoe he/hi>0,2.

3. O a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c caaaeueiith no?aoaa??th caniao Iiioa-Ea?ei
?ic?iaeaia ?i?oaoe?eia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ? i?ia?aii? caniae ii
i?iaiicoaaiith oi/iino? aaiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aiooeo aeaoaeae.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui caeiie ci?ie iiiaioo ? ?aae?ono caeeoeiai? e?eaecie
aeecuee? aei ii?iaeueiiai, a cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a ?oiuei? aa??aoe??
iiaeooue aeinyaaoe, a?aeiia?aeii, 0,04 ? 0,0011, i?e oeueiio a?eueoee
aieea aeyaey? ae?aiacii noioanoe/iiai ci?io oiaueie ? iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae oa??a, a ca iayaiino? ii?enoi? neeaaeiai?, ? aeo?aeii?
a?aeiinii? u?eueiino? iaoa??aeo ii?ioeiaiai oa?o.

4. Noi?ioeueiaaia ? ae??oaia caaea/a ii aaoiiaoeciaaiiio i?iaeooaaiith
?aae?on?a aeaeio, ui caaacia/othoue iaiao?aeia iii?iaeueia cia/aiiy, a a
ii?aeiaii? c iaeii/aniei i?iaaaeaiiyi ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy, ?
oi?ioaaiiy iaiao?aeiiai ae?aiaciio ci?ie ?aae?ono caeeoeiai? e?eaecie.

5. I?e aeaioiaeaii? aeiaaii??ieo aiooeo aeaoaeae c ae?eueieoeyie
??ciiiai?oii? e?eaecie, ui /a?aothoueny, i?e cia/i?e aaee/ei?
i?oaeeiaiiy iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei ? eiia?iiaaiee can?a iaeaoee ii oaaeiio
?ieeeii c aeanoe/iei iie?eooyi. ?aae?one e?eaecie ?ia?oie/i? /anoeie
oaaeiio a oeueiio aeiaaeeo iiaeii? aooe aecia/ai? i?e iaeneiaeueii
iiaeeeaiio cia/aii? oiaueie ? i?i?iaeuei?e iaae? ieeiiino? iaoa??aeo
aeo?aeieo caaio?aie.

6. Aeey caaacia/aiiy aa?aioiaaiiai iethniaiai aeiionea ia ?aae?aeueiee
?ici?? aiooeo aeaoaeae c a?iaoaeaaeo eiiiiceoe?e c ii?enoei oa?ii
?aae?one aeaeio iiaeii? aooe aea?ai? aeoiaey/e c iaeneiaeueieo cia/aiue
oiauei ? i?i?iaeueieo cia/aiue iaae? ieeiiino? eiiiaeoiiai oa?o ?
aeo?aeii? u?eueiino? iaoa??aeo oa?o nia/aiiai ii?ioeo.

7. C aeei?enoaiiyi io?eiaiiai eiiieaeno i?ia?aiieo cania?a aoee
?ic?iaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aeai?o oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a ?
iaeaaeiaiiy, ui aoee canoiniaai?:

i?e ?ic?iaoe? eiino?oeoe?? iaoeie aeey oi?iiaee aieiaeo iaiaeae iaioee?y
aeaoo aaoiaona EAC, ui aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo e?i?? aeey ae?iaieoeoaa
aieiaeo iaiaeae; aeai?? iioeiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a, ui
caaacia/othoue io?eiaiiy i?io?e?a aieiaeo iaiaeae ia iaeiiio i?io?e?
oaaeiio c caaeaiith oi/i?noth ?ici???a a Oe?IAe?Iaoaeo?aIao? (i.
Neia’yinuee); ?aae?one e?eaecie oaaeiio neeaee 35,1 ? 270,4 ii, a neea
i?eoeniaiiy ?ieeea iiaeiia ci?ithaaoeny a ae?aiacii? 2,8…58,4 eI;

i?e ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a ? aeiia aei ia?aiao??a aeo?aeieo
ii?ioeiaeo a?iaoaeaaeo caaio?aie i?ae iioi?iiinaaee i?aeoeiiee oaieiaico
? i?aeoeiieeia? aeeaaeeo? ?ieee?a ?ieueaaia?a ??cieo oeii?ici???a ia
E??ianueeiio caaiae? ae?ia?a c iaoaeaaeo ii?ioe?a (i. E??ianuee) ?
A?oaiianueeiio caaiae? «Ia?aiiaa i?aoe?» (i. A?oaiianuee);

i?e ?ic?iaoe? eiino?oeoe?? aa?noaoo caeiaeueiiai aeey aeaioiaeaiiy
aiooeo aeaoaeae c oiieino?iieo i?io?e?a aeniei? aei?noeino? c
neeaaeeiooai?aiiyi, ui oi?aaey?oueny, ? eiino?oeoe??
caeiaeueii-i?aaeeueiiai o?ueio?ieeeiaiai aeaoooaaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai
i?ieaoiiai noaio 55/260200.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaeoee a ianooiieo iioae?eiaaieo iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo:

1. Eieoaoeeiiiia iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea i?ioeannia aeaee
iiiaineieiuo iieeiaoaeee/aneeo eenoia e iiein / Iioaieei A.O., Naoiiei
A.A., ?iiaiia N.I., Oiiaiei TH.A., Aa?oiae/ A.O. // Nai?iee iao/iuo
noaoae EEE. Aui. 1. -E?aiaoi?ne: E?aiaoi?. eiaeono?. ei-o. -1993. -n.
10-15.

2. Iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai ninoiyiey i?e
aeaea eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia, iieo/aiiuo ia iniiaa i?ioeanna
i?ieaoee ii?ioeia / Iioaieei A.O., Naoiiei A.A., Oiiaiei TH.A., ?iiaiia
N.I., Ooeaai A.O. // Nai?iee iao/iuo noaoae. Aui. 3. -E?aiaoi?ne:
Aeiiaan. ain. iaoeiino?ieo.aeaaeaiey. 1996. -n. 17-26.

3. Ecaea aeiaoaeee/aneie iieinu i?e iaee/ee ii?enoie ninoaaeythuae.
Eiioeueniay ia?aaioea iaoaeeia aeaaeaieai / Iioaieei A.O., Naoiiei A.A.,
Oiiaiei TH.A., Aa?oiae/ A.O. // Iaaeaocianeee oaiaoe/aneee nai?iee
iao/iuo o?oaeia. -Oa?ueeia: Oa?ueeianeee aaeaoeeiiiue einoeooo. -1997
-n. 63-72.

4. Iioaieei A.O., Naoiiei A.A., Oiiaiei TH.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea i?ioeannia
aeaee aeaoaeae ec eiiiiceoeeiiiuo i?ioeeae. Eiioeueniay ia?aaioea
iaoaeeia aeaaeaieai // Iaaeaocianeee oaiaoe/aneee nai?iee iao/iuo
o?oaeia. -Oa?ueeia: Oa?ueeianeee aaeaoeeiiiue einoeooo -1997 -n. 73-75.

5. Oiiaiei TH.A., Aa?oiae/ A.O., Noi Nyi Oai. *eneaiiia iiaeaee?iaaiea
i?ioeannia aeaee e i?ioeee?iaaiey eenoiaiai iaoaeeii?ieaoa.
Niaa?oainoaiaaiea i?ioeannia e iai?oaeiaaiey ia?aaioee aeaaeaieai a
iaoaeeo?aee e iaoeiino?iaiee // Iaaeaoc. oaiaoe/. na. iao/. o?. Aui. 4.
-E?aiaoi?ne: Aeiiaan. ain. iaoeiino?ieo.aeaaeaiey. 1998. -n. 111-115.

6. Oiiaiei TH.A., Iio/aiei A.Ae. Iaoeia e niinia oi?iiaee aeeeiiiia?iuo
iaiaeae iaoeaee eiiaeie?iaaieai aeaee ii oaaeiio aeanoei-yeanoe/iie
n?aaeie. Iiaua eiino?oeoeeiiiua noaee e nieaau e iaoiaeu eo ia?aaioee
aeey iiauoaiey iaaeaaeiinoe e aeieaiaa/iinoe ecaeaeee // Na. iao/. o?.
CAOO. -Caii?iaeuea: Caii?iae. Ain. oaoi. oi-o. 1998. -n. 284-285.

7. Iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai ninoiyiey i?e
aeaea eiiiiceoeeiiiuo i?ioeeae ni neiaeiie oi?iie iiia?a/iiai na/aiey /
Iioaieei A.O., Naoiiei A.A., Oiiaiei TH.A., Iio/aiei A.Ae., Aa?oiae/
A.O.; Aeiiaan. ain. iaoeiino?ieo. aeaaeaiey. — E?aiaoi?ne, 1996. -15 n.
-?on. -Aeai. a Oe?EIOYE 25.10.96, ?72 -Oe 96 // Aiio. A ae.
Yeni?an-iiaeie: iaoea, oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai, ?23, 1996.

8. Eieoaoeeiiiia iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea i?ioeannia aeaee
iiiaineieiuo iieeiaoaeee/aneeo eenoia e iiein / Iioaieei A.O., Naoiiei
A.A., Oiiaiei TH.A., ?iiaiia N.I., Ooeaai A.O., Aa?oiae/ A.O.; Aeiiaan.
ain. iaoeiino?ieo. aeaaeaiey. — E?aiaoi?ne, 1996. -12 n. -?on. -Aeai. a
Oe?EIOYE 25.10.96, ?74 -Oe 96 // Aiio. A ae. Yeni?an-iiaeie: iaoea,
oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai, ?23, 1996.

9. Iioeiecaoeey eiino?oeoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia aeaoi?ie?othuaai eino?oiaioa
i?e aeaea eiiiiceoeeiiiuo eenoia e i?ioeeae / Iioaieei A.O., Naoiiei
A.A., Oiiaiei TH.A., Iio/aiei A.Ae., ?iiaiia N.I., Ooeaai A.O.; Aeiiaan.
ain. iaoeiino?ieo. aeaaeaiey. — E?aiaoi?ne, 1996. -9 n. -?on. -Aeai. a
Oe?EIOYE 25.10.96, ?73 -Oe 96 // Aiio. A ae. Yeni?an-iiaeie: iaoea,
oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai, ?23, 1996.

10. Enneaaeiaaiea e i?iaeoe?iaaiea oaoiieiaee aeaee iaiaee iaoeaee
aaoiaona n o/aoii aa?iyoiinoiiai oa?aeoa?a ?ani?aaeaeaiey enoiaeiuo
ia?aiao?ia / Iioaieei A.O., Iio/aiei A.Ae., Oiiaiei TH.A., Naiieeia
A.A., Naoiiei A.A.; Aeiiaan. ain. iaoeiino?ieo. aeaaeaiey. — E?aiaoi?ne,
1997. -12 n. -?on. -Aeai. a Oe?EIOYE 2.06.97, ?415 -O?97.

[1] — Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue /enaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aiae?c io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

[2] — Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?icoe?aiiy iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? a iaeanoue
eiiiiceoe?e c ii?enoeie oa?aie, ?ic?iaea i?ia?ai ? /enaeueia
?aae?caoe?y.

[3] — Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ? i?ia?aiieo
cania?a.

[4] — Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?.

[5] — Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue aiae?c noaio ieoaiiy, ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

[6] — Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue iaa?oiooaaiiy aea?aiiai caniao, ?ic?iaea
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei i?iaeooaaiiy oaaeiio ? aocea ?ieeea caeiaeueiiai

[7] — Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?, i?ia?aiieo
cania?a ? ?oiy /enaeueia ?aae?caoe?y.

[8] — Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaea i?ia?aiieo cania?a, ?oiy /enaeueia
?aae?caoe?y ? ?ic?iaea i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

[9] — Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaea aeai?eoio ? i?ia?aiieo cania?a.

[10] — Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?ic?iaea
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

AIIOAOe??

Oiiaiei TH. A. Aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a ? eiino?oeoeaieo
ia?aiao??a iaoai?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey caeiaiiy eiiiiceoe?eieo ?
neeaaeiii?io?eueieo caaio?aie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.03. 05 — I?ioeane oa iaoeie ia?iaee oeneii. —
Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia iaoeiiaoae?aia aeaaeai?y, E?aiaoi?nuee, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aaeineiiaeaiith ? ?icaeoeo i?ioean?a caeiaiiy
eiiiiceoe?eieo ? neeaaeiii?io?eueieo caaio?aie. ?ic?iaeaia eiii’thoa?ia
nenoaia ?ic?aooieo ? aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy i?ioeano.
Iaa?oioiaai? caniae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?, cai?iiiiiaai? ?
?aae?ciaai? iia? oaoiieia?/i? i?eeiie ? oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy, ui aeicaieeee
i?aeaeueoe oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? iieacieee ae?iaieoeoaa aiooeo aeaoaeae c
eiiiiceoe?eieo ? neeaaeiii?io?eueieo caaio?aie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: caeiaiiy, a?iaoaeaaa ii?ioeiaa eiiiiceoe?y,
neeaaeiii?io?eueia caaio?aea, ?aae?on caeeoeiai? e?eaecie, i?oaeia
i?oaeeiaiiy, iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, oi/i?noue.

Oiiaiei TH.A. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aaeeiia e
eiino?oeoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia iaoaie/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey aeey aeaee
eiiiiceoeeiiiuo e neiaeiii?ioeeueiuo caaioiaie. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.03.05 — I?ioeannu e iaoeiu ia?aaioee aeaaeaieai. —
Aeiiaanneay ainoaea?noaaiiay iaoeiino?ieoaeueiay aeaaeaiey, E?aiaoi?ne,
1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia niaa?oainoaiaaieth e ?acaeoeth i?ioeannia aeaee
eiiiiceoeeiiiuo e neiaeiii?ioeeueiuo caaioiaie, a /anoiinoe,
eniieuecoaiuo a i?iecaiaenoaa aeeeiiiia?iuo oiieinoaiiuo aioouo aeaoaeae
n /a?aaeothueieny o/anoeaie ?acee/iie e?eaeciu, aioouo aeaoaeae n
ii?enouie ninoaaeythueie e aioouo aeaoaeae ec ni?oiauo e oiieinoaiiuo
i?ioeeae ni neiaeiie oi?iie iiia?a/iiai na/aiey. Iainiiaaii, /oi
iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiia iieo/aiea ?anniao?eaaaiuo aioouo aeaoaeae,
ecaioaaeeaaaiuo iaeuie ia?oeyie, aiciiaeii oieueei n oe?ieei
eniieueciaaieai iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae e ?ac?aaioaiiiai ia eo iniiaa
eiiieaena i?ia?aiiiuo n?aaenoa. Iineaaeiea aeieaeiu iaania/eoue eae
enneaaeiaaiea e auyaeaiea oece/aneeo caeiiiia?iinoae i?ioeanna i?e eo
iaeneiaeueii aiciiaeiii i?eaeeaeaiee e ?aaeueiui iauaeoai iiaeaee?iaaiey
iooai iaeaieaa ei??aeoiiai o/aoa anao iaeaieaa aeeythueo oaeoi?ia, oae e
?aoaiea ia eo iniiaa caaea/ aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey
oaoiieiaee e eiino?oeoeee aeai/iiai iai?oaeiaaiey.

Ooi/iaia e ?anoe?aia a iaeanoue iiiaineieiuo eiiiiceoeee n ii?enouie
ninoaaeythueie e i?iecaieueiie oi?iie iiia?a/iiai na/aiey
aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiay iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai
ninoiyiey i?e aeaea iiiaineieiuo iieeiaoaeee/aneeo eenoia e iiein. Ia
iniiaa iieo/aiiuo aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiuo iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae, a
niioaaonoaee n iauae no?aoaaeae iaoiaea Iiioa-Ea?ei, ?ac?aaioaia
iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue ii i?iaiice?iaaieth oi/iinoe ?acia?ia aioouo
aeaoaeae. Noi?ioee?iaaia e ?aoaia caaea/a ii aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiio
i?iaeoe?iaaieth oaoiieiaee e iai?oaeiaaiey n o/aoii aeeyiey ia aaee/eio
oi?oaiai i?oaeeiaiey iaeaieaa cia/eiuo neo/aeiuo ia?aaeaiaioe?iaaiiuo
oaeoi?ia. Aeinoiaa?iinoue iieo/aiiiai iaoaiaoe/aneiai aiia?aoa
iiaeoaa?aeaeaia yenia?eiaioaeueii. ?ac?aaioaia eiiiuthoa?iay nenoaia ii
?an/aoo e aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiio i?iaeoe?iaaieth i?ioeanna, iicaieythuay
enneaaeiaaoue i?e/eiii-neaaenoaaiiua nayce e ?aoaoue caaea/e
aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey oaoiieiaee e eiino?oeoeee n o/aoii
onoaiiaeaiiuo aeeaiaciiia ?annaeaaiey iaeaieaa cia/eiuo enoiaeiuo
ia?aiao?ia, eioi?ay iiaeao auoue i?eiaiaia e oe?ieiio niaeo?o aioouo
aeaoaeae ec eiiiiceoeeiiiuo e neiaeiii?ioeeueiuo caaioiaie n
ieieiaeueiuie cao?aoaie ia iaania/aiea eo i?iecaiaenoaa.

Eiee/anoaaiii e ea/anoaaiii auyaeaii aeeyiea enoiaeiuo ia?aiao?ia
ii?enoiai neiy ia aaee/eio oi?oaiai i?oaeeiaiey, enneaaeiaaii eciaiaiea
oieueiu ii?ioeiaie ninoaaeythuae aeiaoaeee/aneie eiiiiceoeee,
ii?aaeaeaiu oneiaey aa ia?ac?ooaiey a i?ioeanna aeaoi?ie?iaaiey;
auyaeaiu ia?aiao?u enoiaeiuo caaioiaie, aa?eaoeey eioi?uo a
onoaiiaeaiiuo aeeaiaciiao ieacuaaao iaeaieueoaa aeeyiea ia ?annayiea
aaee/eiu oi?oaiai i?oaeeiaiey.

?ac?aaioaiu i?aeoe/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee, eioi?ua iaoee i?eiaiaiea: i?e
?ac?aaioea eiino?oeoeee iaoeiu aeey oi?iiaee aieiauo iaiaeae iaioee?y
e?uoe aaoiaona EAC, aoiaeyuae a ninoaa eeiee aeey i?iecaiaenoaa aieiauo
iaiaeae e auai?a iioeiaeueiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aaeeiia, iaania/eaathueo
iieo/aiea i?ioeeae aieiauo iaiaeae ia iaeiii i?ioeea oaaeiia n caaeaiiie
oi/iinoueth, eiaaea aaee/eia oi?oaiai i?oaeeiaiey cia/eoaeueia e caaeneo
io neo/aeiuo ia?aaeaiaioe?iaaiiuo oaeoi?ia; i?e ?ac?aaioea
oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aaeeiia e o?aaiaaiee e ia?aiao?ai enoiaeiuo ii?ioeiauo
aeiaoaeee/aneeo caaioiaie iiae iioi?iiinaaie iiaeoeiiee oaieiaica e
iiaeoeiieeiaua aeeaaeuoe ?ieeeia ?ieueaaiaia; i?e ?ac?aaioea
eiino?oeoeee noaiea aeai/iiai aeey ecaioiaeaiey aioouo aeaoaeae ec
oiieinoaiiuo i?ioeeae aunieie aeanoeinoe n oi?aaeyaiui
neeaaeeiia?aciaaieai e eiino?oeoeee aeai/ii-i?aaeeueiiai o?ao?ieeeiaiai
ono?ienoaa niaoeeaeece?iaaiiiai i?ieaoiiai noaia 55/260o200.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaea, aeiaoaeee/aneay ii?ioeiaay eiiiiceoeey,
neiaeiii?ioeeueiay caaioiaea, ?aaeeon inoaoi/iie e?eaeciu, oi?oaia
i?oaeeiaiea, iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue, oi/iinoue.

Fomenko Y.V. Perfecting of technological modes and design data of
machinery for bending composite and complete section of blanks. —
Manuscript.

Thesis on competition of a Scientific Degree of the Candidate of
Engineering Science on a Speciality 05.03.05 — Processes and Machines of
the Pressure Processing . — Donbass State Machine-Building Academy,
Kramatorsk, 1998.

The thesis is devoted to perfecting and development of bending processes
composite and complete section of blanks. The computer system of
calculation and automated designing of process is worked out. The
methods of increase of efficiency are justified, are offered and the new
technological methods and engineering solutions permitting to increase
technological parameters of production of bent detailses from composite
and complete section of blanks are realized.

Key word: bending, the bimetallic powder composition, complete section
blank, radius of a residual curvature, elastic spring back, mathematical
model, accuracy.

________________________________________________________________________
____________

I?aei. aei ae?oeo Oi?iao 60 90/16 Ieineee ae?oe

Ia. aeae. a. 1 Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Caiiaeaiiy ?

________________________________________________________________________
____________

Ae?oea?iy AeAeIA

343913, i. E?aiaoi?nuee, aoe. Oeaae?iiaa, 72

Похожие записи