OA?NIINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

IIEssEIAA A?EOI??ss IEAENAIAe??AIA

OAeE 636.4.082

AAeINEIIAEAIIss I?EEII?A IOe?IEE IEAI?IIEO

? I?IAeOEOEAIEO ssEINOAE OI?AA?NAEUeIEO

? NIAOe?AE?CIAAIEO II??Ae NAEIAE

06.02.01. — ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Oa?nii – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?niinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie

ss?aiaiei A?eoi? ?aaiiae/,

Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e niaoe?aeueii? ciioaoi??

Io?oe?eiee iiiiaio — aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie,

Aaaiiaa ?aaai?y Ieoaee?aia,

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e niaoe?aeueii? ciioaoi??

Io?oe?eiee iiiiaio — eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

Eae?i?/aiei Aaeeia ?aai?aia,

Ieeiea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo,

eaoaae?a niaoe?aeueii? ciioaoi??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo oaa?eiieoeoaa noaiiaeo ?aeii?a

?i. I.O. ?aaiiaa «Aneai?y Iiaa» OAAI

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 30 » eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 47.830.02

a Oa?niinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?

(325006, i. Oa?nii — 6, aoe. ?. Ethenaiao?a 23, OAeAO, aoaeeoi??y 92)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?niinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 325006, i. Oa?nii — 6,
aoe. ?. Ethenaiao?a 23

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 26 » aeiaoiy1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee EA?AIOC A.Ae.

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? naeaeoe?eii? ?iaioe o
naeia?noa?, iai?aaeaii? ia noai?aiiy iiaeo ii?iae, e?i?e ?
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo oei?a, a cia/i?e i??? iaoiiaeaia aeei?enoaiiyi no/anieo
iaoiae?a ioe?iee ieai?iieo ? i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae oaa?ei (?eaaeei A.I.,
1997).

Ia oe?e iniia? a Oe?a?i? oa ca ei?aeiiii noai?ai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? nenoaie,
ye? aeicaieythoue cae?enieoe aaiaoe/iee iii?oi?eia e?i?e, iiioeyoe?e oa
ii??ae oaa?ei (Aanianueeee I.C., 1985; Aeania A.?., 1985; Aaaiiaa ?.I.,
1987; Iao?aiei ?.I., 1988, 1990; Aa?acianueeee I.Ae., 1990).

Iaeiei c oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? naeaeoe?eiiai i?ioeano a
naeia?noa? iiaea noaoe aeei?enoaiiy i?eeii?a iiaeaethaaiiy, ui
aeicaieythoue ?i?ooaaoe aioo??oiueiiiioeyoe?ei? i?ioeane, ?ic?iaeoe
e?eoa??? i?iaiicoaaiiy ?inoo oa ?icaeoeo oaa?ei a i?ioean? iioiaaiaco,
aeyaeoe oeiieia?/i? iniaeeaino? naeiae ??ciiai iai?yieo i?iaeoeoeaiino?,
ioe?ieoe aianie i??ieo iciae a ?aae?caoe?th ??aiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo ?
i?iaeoeoeaieo iciae. Ii?yae c oeei aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue
ieoaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiy i?eeii?a ioe?iee ? a?aeai?o ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyeo
naeiae aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae naeiiiaoie. Inoaii?i
/anii aeey oeueiai aeei?enoiaothoue caeiiii??i?noue oi?iiooai?thth/eo
i?ioean?a a ?aiiueiio iioiaaiac? (Naa/?i TH.E., 1985; Eiaaeaiei A.I.,
Aie?ea N.TH., 1998). Aea a?aeiinii aeei?enoiaoaaiiai a Oe?a?i?
aaiioiiaeo naeiae iaaeinoaoiuei aea/ai? ia?aiao?e ??aiii??iino? ?
iai?oae ?inoo oaa?ei a ?aiiueiio iioiaaiac?.

Cia/io oaaao inoaii?i /anii iaaea?oueny aeei?enoaiith ?ioa?’??ieo oano?a
aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy ??aiy i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae oaa?ei c aeei?enoaiiyi
??aiyiue iiiaeeiii? e?i?eii? ?aa?an??. Oea aeicaieeoue ioe?ieoe
aianie iieaciee?a a?eeiaiai ? e?i?aeiiai iai?io a ?aaoeyoe?th ??aiy
a?aeaiae?aaeueieo ? i’ynieo yeinoae naeiae.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, ? aeooaeueiei i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue c ioe?iee
aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo, a?aeaiae?aaeueieo ? i’ynieo
yeinoae iayaiiai a Oe?a?i? aaiioiiaeo naeiae i?e aeei?enoaii? ia aaeeeeo
i?iieneiaeo eiiieaenao, aeyaeaiiy oeiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ca i??ieie
iciaeaie, a oaeiae anoaiiaeaiiy aaiaoe/ieo aeenoaioe?e i?ae ii?iaeaie
??ciiai iai?yieo i?iaeoeoeaiino?, aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
?ioa?’??ieo oano?a oa eiinoaio iiaeaeae A??aeaeana, ??/a?aena,
ia?aiao??a ?inoo aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo ? i?iaeoeoeaieo
yeinoae.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaith i?ia?aiith. ?iaioa aoea neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
iaoeiai — aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ? aeeiioaaeanue ca?aeii c oaiith: » ?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe
oaoiieia?/iee i?iaeo i?aeaeuaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae naeiae
oi?aa?naeueieo ? i’ynieo ii??ae» (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
0196U015903).

2

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Aea/eoe ?ai?iaeoeoeai?, i’yni? ?
a?aeaiae?aaeuei? yeino? naeiae ??ciiai iai?yieo i?iaeoeoeaiino?,
ioe?ieoe ?o aaiaoe/i? a?aei?iiino?, i?iaanoe iiaeaethaaiiy ?inoo
iieiaeiyea naeiae c aeei?enoaiiyi aeae?eueeio iiaeaeae ? ia?aiao??a
??aiii??iino? oa iai?oae ?inoo, anoaiiaeoe ca’ycie ?ioa?’??ieo oano?a c
??aiai iniiaieo ainiiaea?nueei — ei?enieo iciae naeiae.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoee aecia/ai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

— aea/eoe i??o aeene?aoiino? aaiioiiaeo ii??ae naeiae ??ciiai iai?yieo
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ca i??ieie iciaeaie;

— aecia/eoe ca aeiiiiiaith eeanoa?iiai aiae?co aeiee iciae, ca yeeie
ii?iaee aeyaeythoue aaiaoe/io a?aei?ii?noue, aeyaeoe aaiaoe/io
a?aenoaiue i?ae ii?iaeaie naeiae a ca’yceo c ??aiai i?iaeoeoeaiino?;

— aea/eoe ia?aiao?e ?ioaineaiino? oi?ioaaiiy, ??aiii??iino? ? iai?oae
?inoo ? ?o ca’ycie c iniiaieie naeaeoe?iio?ieie iciaeaie naeiae;

— aea/eoe iioiaaiaoe/io aeeiai?eo eioa?’??ieo iieaciee?a, aecia/eoe ?o
ca’ycie c i?iaeoeoeai?noth oaa?ei;

— ?ic?iaeoe iiaeae? ioe?iee ? i?iaiicoaaiiy aeeai? iane ? aia?a?? ?inoo
naeiae;

— aecia/eoe iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy iiiaeeiiiai e?i?eiiai ?aa?an?eiiai
aiae?co aeey aea/aiiy aianeo i??ieo iciae a ?aae?caoe?th
a?aeaiae?aaeueieo yeinoae naeiae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea
aeene?aoiino? aaiioiiaeo naeiae ??ciiai iai?yieo i?iaeoeoeaiino?,
iieacaii aenieee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a c ??aiai
a?aeoai?ieo ? a?aeaiae?aaeueieo yeinoae naeiae, ioe?iaii aianie
?ioa?’??ieo oano?a a ??aaiue naeaeoe?iio?ieo iciae, aeyaeai? ia?aiao?e
?inoo naeiae ca iiaeaeyie A??aeaeana (Bridges T.C. 1986), ??/a?aena
(Richards F.J. 1969) oa eiao?oe??ioaie ??aiii??iino? ? iai?oae ?inoo, ui
aea? iiaeeea?noue i?iaiicoaaoe aia?a?th ?inoo iieiaeiyea naeiae.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui a?aea?? ca ia?aiao?aie
iiaeaeae ?inoo ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a naeiae
ia 67 a, ciaioaiith a?eo aeinyaiaiiy aeeai? iane 100 ea ia 24 aeiy, ui
caaacia/o? c ?ic?aooieo ia 1000 aie?a a?aeaiae?aaeueiiai iiaie?a’y
io?eiaiiy aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo a noi? 55412 a?eaaiue. ?ic?iaeai? i?eeiie
ioe?iee niaaeeiaeo yeinoae naeiae aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe aoaeo
naeaeoe?? c na?aaeiueiaeiaiaiai i?e?inoo ia 42 a, ca a?eii aeinyaiaiiy
aeeai? iane 100 ea ia 4,9 aei?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? iaea?aeai? caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi i?e aeeiiaii?
eiiieaenii? iaoeiai? oaiaoeee (i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a, caeeaaeaiiy
aeine?ae?a, aeeiiaiiy aiae?oe/ieo ?ia?o). Aaoi? i?eeiaa aaciina?aaeith
o/anoue a ?ic?iaoe? noai aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o aeeiiaii?, ia?iaoe? ?
nenoaiaoecoaaii? io?eiaieo aeaieo.

3

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1996),
oao?aae? naeiieiiieaeno “Ieaio?oae?anueeee” (1997), ia ?icoe?aiiio
can?aeaii? eaoaae? niaoe?aeueii? ciioaoi?? oa ?icaaaeaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei OAeAO (1998), a oaeiae ia iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 90-??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy i?ioani?a E.A.
Naa/?ia (1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 6 ?ia?o, o yeeo
aeeeaaeaii iniiaiee ci?no iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. ?iaioa aeeth/a? ne?aeoth/?
?icae?ee: anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??ae ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue,
?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiaee, i?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao ?
nienie e?oa?aoo?e.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? ia 146 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
ai?uo? 57 oaaeeoeue, 17 iaethie?a. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 166
aeaea?ae, c ieo 34 — ?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

IAOA??AE OA IAOIAeEEA AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeine?aeaeaiiy c oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeiiai? a ia??iae c 1990 —
1998 ??. a ?aaeaini? — eiia?iao? «Ieaio?oae?anueeee» Aiinoie?anueeiai
?aeiio Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeano?, ia/enethaaeueiiio oeaio?? eaoaae?e
aeiiii?/ii? e?aa?iaoeee oa eaoaae?e niaoe?aeueii? ciioaoi??
Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Iaoa??aeii aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aoee acyo? naei?, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny a
/enoiii?iaeiiio ?icaaaeaii? oa a?a?eaeecaoe??, oaeeo ii??ae ? oei?a:

— oi?aa?naeueiiai iai?yieo i?iaeoeoeaiino?: aaeeea a?ea (AA),
oe?a?inueeee oei a aaeee?e a?e?e ii?iae? (OAA-1) noai?aia niaoe?ae?noaie
ainiiaea?noaa ? iaoeiaoeyie ?inoeoooo naeia?noaa OAAI, oe?a?inueea
noaiiaa a?ea (ONA);

— i’yniiai iai?yieo: iieoaanueea i’ynia (II), aneai?enueeee i’yniee oei
(AIO), aeth?ie (Ae), eaiae?an (E);

— naeueiiai iai?yieo: oe?a?inueea noaiiaa ?yaa (ON?).

I?e aecia/aii? aaiaoe/ieo aeenoaioe?e i?ae ii?iaeaie ca aeiiiiiaith
eeanoa?iiai aiae?co aoee aeeth/ai? aeai? ii ianooiiei ii?iaeai:
oe?a?inueea noaiiaa a?ea (ONA), aaeeea /i?ia (A*), eeoianueea a?ea (EA),
eaiae?an (E), ie?ai?iaenueea (I), anoiinueea aaeiia (AA), aaeeea a?ea
(AA), iieaeaanueeee i’yniee oei (IIO), oe?a?inueea i’ynia (OI),
iieoaanueea i’ynia (II).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? ca noaiith (oaae. 1).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieaciee?a ?inoo, ?icaeoeo ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyeo,
a?aeoai?ieo yeinoae iaoie aaiioei?a i?iaaaeai? ia i?ioyc? o?ueio
noi?aeieo aaia?aoe?e.

Aiae?c io?eiaieo aeaieo i?iaaaeaiee c aeei?enoaiiyi no/anieo iaoiae?a
noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co a a?ieia?? ? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa? — iiiaeeiiee ?aa?an?eiee, aeaio, o?ueio oaeoi?iee
aeenia?n?eiee, eeanoa?iee aiae?c, ?yae i?ia?ai ?ic?iaeai? aeena?oaioii.

4

Oaaeeoey 1 — Aoaie ?iaioe ? ianya aeine?aeaeaiue

AoaiCi?no aeine?aeaeaiueIa’?i aea??ie ia aaia?aoe?th (aie?a)1

2

3

4

5

6Aecia/aiiy aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo ia?niaeoeaiiai aaiioiiaeo naeiae ca
i?iaeoeoeaieie ? ?ai?iaeoeoeaieie yeinoyie

Ioe?iea i?aeii??aeii? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? aaiioei?a, ui aea/athoueny, ca
eiiieaenii i??ieo iciae (aecia/aiiy aaiaoe/ieo aeenoaioe?e ? eeanoa?iee
aiae?c)

Aea/aiiy oeiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae naeiae ??ciiai aaiioeio ca
ii?oiiao?e/ieie ia?aiao?aie /a?aia (eeanoa?iee aiae?c)

Aeei?enoaiiy ?ioa?’??ieo iieaciee?a aeey a?aeai?o ieai?iiiai iieiaeiyea
? i?iaiicoaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?

Aeei?enoaiiy ia?aiao??a iai?oae ? ??aiii??iino? ?inoo aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy
aeeai? iane ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea

?ic?iaea iiaeaeae ?inoo naeiae aeey iieno ? i?iaiicoaaiiy ?o aeeai?
iane420

210

290

210

210

420Aeie iciae, ui aeeth/a? ia?aiao?e ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo,
neeaaeaany c iieaciee?a aeeai? iane c 1 aei 8 i?n.

Aeie ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo iciae neeaaeaany c ianooiieo iieaciee?a:
aaaaoiie?aei?noue (aie.), aaeeeiie?aei?noue (ea), iiei/i?noue (ea),
a?ae’?iia iana iaeiiai ii?inyoe a 26 aei?a (ea), o?eaae?noue
a?aeoai?iiai oeeeeo (aei?a).

Aeie a?aeaiae?aaeueieo ? i’ynieo yeinoae aeeth/aa iieacieee
na?aaeiueiaeiaiaiai i?e?inoo (a), a?e aeinyaiaiiy aeeai? iane 100 ea
(aei?a), aeo?ao ei?i?a ia 1 ea i?e?inoo (ei?i. iae.). Aeey ioe?iee
i’yni-naeueieo yeinoae a?aoiaoaaee aeo?ae i’yna a ooo? (%), oiaueio
oieeo iaae 6-7 a?oaeieie o?aaoeyie (ni), iano iaeaeiaoiai i’yca nieie
(ea), iano ieinoo (ea).

Ia iniia? ioe?iaieo iciae aoee aea/ai? aaiaoe/i? aeenoaioe?? ? aecia/aia
aeene?aoi?noue aaiioiiaeo ii??ae naeiae ??ciiai iai?yieo
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ui ?icaiaeyoueny a Oe?a?i?.

Canoinoaaiiy oaeoi?iiai aiae?co aeicaieeei aecia/eoe aianie ie?aieo
iieaciee?a a ?aae?caoe?th oaeeo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a ye aeeaa
iana a 8-i?n. a?oe?, aaaaoiie?aei?noue, na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe ia
eiio?ieuei?e a?aeaiae?ae?. Eeanoa?iee ? oaeoi?iee aiae?c i?iaiaeeee c
aeei?enoaiiyi noaoenoe/iiai a?ao?/iiai iaeaoo Statgraphics aa?n?? 5,
?ic?iaeaiiai aeey eiii’thoa??a oeio IBM PC (A??ai?ueaa N.A. oa ?io.
1992).

C iaoith iieno i?ioean?a ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo oaa?ei ??ciiai aaiioeio
aeei?enoaee iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ??/a?aena (1969), A??aeaeana (1986).

5

C iaoith aecia/aiiy eioa?’??ieo iniaeeainoae naeiae aeine?aeaeoaaieo
aaiioei?a ? aeei?enoaiiy oano?a aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy aeeai? iane oaa?ei
i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a i?ioa?iiaiai, e?i?aeiiai
? aoaeaaiaeiiai iai?io. O oaa?ei aea?aieo ii??ae aea/aia aeoeai?noue
oa?iaio?a ania?oao (ANO) ? aeai?io?ainoa?ace (AEO), ca iaoiaeii ?ieoiaia
? O?aieaey (E.Oiaei?ia, 1963), eoaeii? oinoaoace (EO) ca iaoiaeeeaie,
iienaieie a aeia?aeieeo «Ee?i?/ia eaai?aoi?ia ae?aaiinoeea o
aaoa?eia???» (1985). Aeoeai?noue e?aao?ioinoie?iace (EOE) aecia/aee ii
e?eueeino? e?aao?ia, ui ooai?eany iaoiaeii S.S.Kuty, H.A.Lardy (1954).

Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy iciaee aeeai? iane c o?aooaaiiyi aecia/aeueieo
eiai eioa?’??ieo oano?a i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith ??aiyiiy iiiaeeiii?
e?i?eii? ?aa?an??.

Aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy oaa?ei ??cieo ii??ae ?
i?iaiicoaaiiy i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? aecia/aee ca?aeii «Iaoiaeeoe?
aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? ?acoeueoao?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?
aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ia?o, iaoeiai? oaoi?ee, aeiaoiae?a oa
?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueeeo i?iiiceoe?e» ( 1980 ).

Oiiae oo?eiaiiy ? aiae?ae? aoee noiaeeie aeey an?o a?oi oaa?ei.
Aiae?aeth i?iaiaeeee niaoe?aeueieie eiia?ei?iaie ia?ie NE-1, NE-2, NE-3,
NE-10, NE-11, NE-16 ? NE-21.

Iniiaiee iaoa??ae aeena?oaoe?? ia?iaeaiee noaoenoe/ieie iaoiaeaie ca
I.A.Ieioeinueeei (1969). Niaoe?aeuei? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue
i?eaiaeyoueny o a?aeiia?aeieo ?icae?eao aeena?oaoe??.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aaiaoe/iee iioaioe?ae i?iaeoeoeaiino? naeiae ??ciiai iai?yieo
i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

Aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue (oaae.2) anoaiiaeaii, ui a?eueo
aenieith aaaaoiie?aei?noth oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny iaoee aneai?enueeiai
i’yniiai oeio ? aaeeei? a?ei? (10,5 aie?a a na?aaeiueiio ca o?e
iii?ina). Ca iieacieeaie aaeeeiie?aeiino? yaia ia?aaaaa aeyaeaia o
naeiae ii?iaee aeth?ie — 1,56 ea. Na?aae ii??ae, ui aea/athoueny ca
iiei/i?noth, a?aei?/aii ia?aaaao iaoie aneai?enueeiai i’yniiai oeio
(45,8 ea). Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui niaoe?ae?ciaai? i’yni? ii?iaee iaee
a?eueo aenie? iieacieee iiei/iino? — a?aeiia?aeii, iieoaanueea i’ynia
43,8 ? eaiae?an 43,3 ea. Ca ianith 1 ii?inyoe a 26 aei?a a?aei?/aia
ia?aaaaa naeiae ii?iaee aeth?ie 5,69 ea, eaiae?an 5,43 ea ?
aneai?enueeiai i’yniiai oeio 4,97 ea. Aiae?c o?eaaeino? a?aeoai?iiai
oeeeeo aeyaea, ca aeiyoeii ii?iaee aeth?ie (iaeneiaeueiee ia??iae
a?aeoai?iiai oeeeeo — 181,1 aei?), noiae? iieacieee oeueiai ia?aiao?a
aeey an?o aea/aieo ii??ae.

6

7

Aei?iaoaaiiy i?aenaeie?a aea/aieo ii??ae ca ??aiai a?aeaiae?aaeueieo
yeinoae aeyaeei ?noioio ia?aaaao naeiae oe?a?inueei? noaiiai? a?ei?
ii?iaee ( 711,46 a ), iieoaanueei? i’ynii? ( 689,32 a ) ? aeth?ie (
704,3 a ). Ca a?eii aeinyaiaiiy iane 100 ea iaea?eueo aenie? iieacieee
oaeiae oa?aeoa?i? aeey i?aenaeie?a oe?a?inueei? noaiiai? a?ei? ii?iaee (
188,65 aei?a ), iieoaanueei? i’ynii? ( 193,35 aei?a ) ? /enoiii?iaeii?
aaeeei? a?ei? (193,50 aei?a). Ca iieacieeaie aeo?ao ei?i?a ia 1 ea
i?e?inoo io?eiai? noiae? iieacieee i?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieie aaiioeiaie.

Ia caeeth/iiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiue aea/ai? caa?ei? ? i’yni? yeino?
naeiae ??cieo aaiioei?a i?e caai? 100 ea. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo
aenieee caa?eiee aeo?ae io?eiaii a a?oiao i?aenaeie?a ii?iaee aeth?ie (
64,1% ) ? eaiae?an ( 62,3% ). O oie aea /an oi?aa?naeuei? ii?iaee naeiae
(ONA, AA ? ON?) iaee ?noioii ieae/? iieacieee aeoiaeo i’yna a ooo?.
I’yni? ? oi?aa?naeuei? ii?iaee oaeiae a?ae??ciyeeny ii ian? ieinoo ?
oiauei? oieeo. Iaeiaio? iieacieee oiaueie oieeo oaeiae oa?aeoa?i? aeey
ii??ae i’yniiai oeio ( a?ae 2,74 aei 3,25 ni ). Cia/ii i?aeaeuai?
iieacieee a?aei?/ai? o aaeeei? a?ei? ii?iaee ( 4,13 ni ) ? oe?a?inueei?
noaiiai? ?yai? ( 4,56 ni ), ui aeaco? ia iaiao?aei?noue ?o iiaeaeueoi?
naeaeoe?? ia cieaeaiiy oiaueie oieeo.

Ioe?iea aaiaoe/ii? aeene?aoiino? ii??ae naeiae ca a?aeaiae?aaeueieie
yeinoyie.

Iaie i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aaiaoe/ii? aeenoaioe?? i?ae ii?iaeaie ??ciiai
iai?yieo i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ye? ioe?iai? iaoiaeii eiio?ieueii?
a?aeaiae?ae? a e?a?iao NIAe. Aiae?c aaiaoe/ieo aeenoaioe?e i?ae
ii?iaeaie ca iieacieeaie a?aeaiae?aaeueieo yeinoae iieacaa, ui ii?iaee
iaeiiai iai?yieo i?iaeoeoeaiino? iathoue iiae?ai? aaiaoe/i? aeenoaioe??
? aiie cia/ii iaio?, i?ae i?ae eiio?anoieie ii?iaeaie (iae. 1).
Ae?enii, ii?iaea eeoianueea a?ea ? eaiae?an, iieaeaanueeee i’yniee
oei, iieoaanueea i’ynia ? oe?a?inueea i’ynia iathoue iiae?ai? aaiaoe/i?
aeenoaioe?? i?ae niaith. Ie?ai?iaenueea ii?iaea ciaoiaeeoueny
a?aeie?aieaii a?ae ?ioeo ii??ae, a ii?iaee anoiinueea aaeiia ? aaeeea
a?ea oaeiae aeoaea noiae? i?ae niaith.

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160c6e3d0500000014025a0c6e3d0500000013027c0c6e3d050000001402c00c6e3d0500
00001302e20c6e3d050000001402260d6e3d050000001302480d6e3d0500000014028c0d
6e3d050000001302ae0d6e3d050000001402f20d6e3d050000001302140e6e3d05000000
1402580e6e3d0500000013027a0e6e3d050000001402be0e6e3d050000001302e00e6e3d
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6e3d05000000130244116e3d05000000140288116e3d050000001302aa116e3d05000000
1402ee116e3d05000000130210126e3d05000000140254126e3d05000000130276126e3d
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d8166e3d0500000014021c176e3d0500000013023e176e3d05000000140282176e3d0500
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6e1a6e3d050000001402b21a6e3d050000001302d41a6e3d050000001402181b6e3d0500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6e3d050000001302c8266e3d0500000014020c276e3d0500000013022e276e3d05000000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0400000002010100050000001302e808d422050000001402e808d4220400000002010100
050000001402c40828240400000002010100050000001302e8082824050000001402e808
28240400000002010100050000001402c4087d250400000002010100050000001302e808
7d25050000001402e8087d250400000002010100050000001402c408d126040000000201
0100050000001302e808d126050000001402e808d1260400000002010100050000001402
c40826280400000002010100050000001302e8082628050000001402e808262804000000
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1402e8087a290400000002010100050000001402c408cf2a040000000201010005000000
1302e808cf2a050000001402e808cf2a0400000002010100050000001402c408232c0400
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050000001402e808cc2e0400000002010100050000001402c40821300400000002010100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0400000002010100050000001302e808c53a050000001402e808c53a0400000002010100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Iae. 1. Aeaiae?ia?aia aaiaoe/ieo aeenoaioe?e i?ae ii?iaeaie naeiae ca
??aiai a?aeaiae?aaeueieo yeinoae

8

Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy aeyaeaieo caeiiii??iinoae ii?iaee aoee ca?oiiaai?
ca eeanoa?aie (a?ae 2 aei 5). Aiae?c ?iciiae?eo ii??ae ca aeaiia
eeanoa?aie iieaco?, ui ii?iaee a iniiaiiio a?oiothoueny ca ??aiai
na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a, oiio a ia?oee eeanoa? aoiaeyoue an? i’yni?
ii?iaee ? oeie, o ae?oaee — naei? oi?aa?naeueiiai ? naeueiiai iai?yieo
i?iaeoeoeaiino?. I?e ?iciiae?e? ia 3 eeanoa?a a?aeaoaa?oueny ae?eaiiy
ii??ae ia a?oio c aeoaea aenieei ??aiai na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a ?
nei?ini?e?noth. A?aeiia?aeii c oeei, a o?ao?e eeanoa? aoiaeyoue
iieaeaanueeee i’yniee oei ? oe?a?inueea i’ynia ii?iaea. Ia iao iiaeyae
aeioe?eueii aeae?eyoe 3 eeanoa?e, ye?, a iniiaiiio, oa?aeoa?ecothoue
a?aei?iiino? i?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieie ii?iaeaie.

A?eiaa ? aaiioeiiaa i?ieea?noue ne?iaaoee e?ia? ? ?? ca’ycie c
i?iaeoeoeai?noth

Aea/aiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a i?ioa?iiaiai ? aoaeaaiaeiiai iai?io o
a?eiaiio aniaeo? ??cieo aaiioei?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? a oiiaao aaeeeiai
eiiieaeno iieacaei, ui iaea?eueo aenieo aeoeai?noue o?ainoa?ac naei?
an?o ii??ae iaee a /ioe?ei?ny/iiio a?oe?, ui ni?aiaaea? c ?ioaineaiei
neioacii i’yciai? oeaieie (oaae. 3).

Oaaeeoey 3 — A?eiaa i?ieea?noue oa?iaio?a ne?iaaoee e?ia? iieiaeiyeo
naeiae (F1 -F3)

Aa-A?e,Iieacieeeii- i?n.AEO,ieiieue/ieANO,ieiieue/ieEOE, A/eEO,
A/eoeiF1F3F1F3F1F3F1F3XSxXSxXSxXSxXSxXSxXSxXSx

AIO

2

4

60,322 ± 0,01

0,365 ± 0,01

0,230 ± 0,010,324 ± 0,01

0,345 ± 0,01

0,279 ± 0,060,730 ± 0,02

0,850 ± 0,02

0,800 ± 0,020,33 ± 0,01

0,45 ± 0,01

0,35 ± 0,0128,2 ± 0,91

44,4 ± 1,43

42,0 ± 1,2534,59 ± 1,11

36,79 ± 1,18

32,51 ± 1,18130,4 ± 4,19

150,8 ± 4,85

89,4 ± 3,25131,0 ± 4,26

150,9 ± 4,8

89,8 ± 3,23

II

2

4

60,245 ± 0,01

0,540 ± 0,02

0,341 ± 0,010,360 ± 0,01

0,612 ± 0,02

0,378 ± 0,010,550 ± 0,02

0,590 ± 0,02

0,638 ± 0,020,25 ± 0,01

0,61 ± 0,02

0,34 ± 0,0151,8 ± 1,67

40,8 ± 1,31

41,0 ± 1,328,69 ± 0,27

25,79 ± 0,83

16,30 ± 0,5396,4 ± 3,11

148,6 ± 4,78

90,2 ± 3,1295,8 ± 3,08

147,6 ± 4,75

81,0 ± 8,36

Ae

2

4

60,288 ± 0,01

0,812 ± 0,02

0,431 ±0,010,288 ± 0,01

0,495 ± 0,02

0,207 ± 0,010,198 ± 0,01

0,558 ± 0,02

0,424 ± 0,010,32 ± 0,01

0,49 ± 0,02

0,39 ± 0,018,39 ± 0,27

30,0 ± 0,97

43,0 ± 1,2326,79 ± 0,86

34,73 ± 1,09

19,33 ± 0,63116,0 ± 3,72

144,6 ± 4,65

92,0 ± 3,38119,8 ± 3,39

144,4 ± 3,94

91,01 ± 2,8

AA

2

4

60,640 ± 0,02

0,669 ± 0,02

0,580 ± 0,020,385 ± 0,01

0,513 ± 0,01

0,414 ± 0,010,670 ± 0,02

0,890 ± 0,03

0,380 ± 0,010,56 ± 0,02

0,41 ± 0,01

0,48 ± 0,0229,0 ±0,94

44,0 ± 1,42

48,0 ± 1,5425,60 ± 0,83

15,20 ± 0,49

26,00 ± 0,83132,8 ± 4,19

162,2 ± 4,63

150,3 ± 4,51144,9 ± 5,04

162,6 ± 4,61

150,9 ± 4,53

ON?

2

4

60,450 ± 0,01

0,830 ± 0,03

0,512 ± 0,130,488 ± 0,02

0,540 ± 0,02

0,748 ± 0,030,350 ± 0,01

0,540 ± 0,02

0,930 ± 0,030,61 ± 0,02

0,71 ± 0,02

0,50 ± 0,0230,4 ± 0,98

45,0 ± 1,45

44,4 ± 1,4322,70 ± 0,73

42,30 ± 1,40

17,69 ± 0,57134,8 ± 4,34

160,0 ± 5,15

161,2 ± 4,90134,9 ± 4,32

164,0 ± 5,3

154,2 ± 4,97

E

2

4

60,300 ± 0,01

0,410 ± 0,01

0,320 ± 0,010,175 ± 0,01

0,415 ± 0,01

0,378 ± 0,010,440 ± 0,01

0,780 ± 0,02

0,500 ± 0,020,39 ± 0,01

0,42 ± 0,01

0,41 ± 0,0128,4 ± 0,92

44,8 ± 1,44

43,0 ± 1,3930,70 ± 0,99

47,29 ± 1,52

33,80 ± 1,08128,8 ± 4,03

146,8 ± 4,72

89,9 ± 3,29123,8 ± 3,72

146,0 ± 4,69

89,5 ± 3,05

ONA

2

4

6,335 ± 0,01

0,360 ± 0,01

0,297 ± 0,010,354 ± 0,01

0,354 ± 0,01

0,283 ± 0,010,360 ± 0,01

0,400 ± 0,01

0,510 ± 0,020,81 ± 0,02

0,71 ± 0,02

0,50 ± 0,0229,4 ± 0,84

44,6 ± 1,43

38,4 ± 1,2451,09 ± 1,64

50,70 ± 1,63

31,00 ± 0,99128,4 ± 4,18

152,8 ± 4,92

146,8 ± 4,73127,0 ± 4,08

153,9 ± 4,93

128,0 ± 3,97

9

Iaea?eueo aenieee ??aaiue aeai?io?ainoa?ace (AEO) a?aei?/aiee o naeiae
ii??ae aeth?ie ? ON? (0,812 ? 0,830). Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia i?ioyc? o?ueio
iieie?iue oo?eiaiiy naeiae ia eiiieaen? a?aeaoaa?oueny cieaeaiiy
aeoeaiino? o?ainoa?ac, ui aeaco? ia iaaaoeaio ae?th i?iieneiaeo iaoiae?a
oo?eiaiiy ia aeoeai?noue neioaco i’yciaeo aieieii.

Iaea?eueoee ?ioa?an i?aaenoaaeythoue aca?iica’ycee aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a
c a?aeaiae?aaeueieie oa i’ynieie yeinoyie, ui aea? ciiao i?e aenieeo
ei?aeyoe?yo i?iaiicoaaoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue naeiae a ?aiiueiio a?oe?
(oaae. 4).

Oaaeeoey 4 — Aca?iica’ycie aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a ca a?aeaiae?aaeueieie

? i’ynieie yeinoyie naeiae

Oa?-A?e,A?aeaiae?aaeuei? yeino?I’yni? yeino?
iai-oei?n.Na?aaeiuei-aeiaia?e i?e??noA?e aeinya-iaiiy aeeai? iane 100
eaAeo-?aoe

ei?ioA?o?ae i’yna a ooo?Iana

ieinooOia-ueia oieeoIana iae-aeiaoiai i’yca nieieAEeaa

iana o 8 i?n.

AEO

ANO

EOE

EO1

2

4

6

1

2

4

6

1

2

4

6

1

2

4

6-0,45

-0,31

-0,25

-0,36

-0,57

-0,08

-0,34

-0,41

0,08

-0,07

-0,48

-0,52

-0,29

-0,38

-0,37

-0,210,13

0,07

0,38

0,26

0,36

0,11

0,43

0,45

0,04

0,11

0,11

0,53

-0,06

0,06

0,07

-0,180,60

0,95

0,45

0,86

-0,15

0,12

0,34

-0,24

-0,42

-0,24

0,29

0,82

0,50

0,56

0,81

0,72-0,77

-0,54

-0,06

-0,35

0,05

-0,17

0,27

-0,35

-0,20

-0,35

-0,64

-0,05

-0,44

-0,29

-0,83

-0,87-0,70

-0,22

0,22

0,17

-0,04

-0,28

0,12

-0,70

0,13

0,02

-0,63

0,18

-0,66

-0,55

-0,54

-0,530,96

0,77

0,33

0,60

0,09

0,15

0,14

0,41

-0,30

-0,09

0,61

0,55

0,74

0,70

0,90

0,83-0,93

-0,82

-0,49

-0,72

0,08

-0,16

-0,22

-0,39

0,31

0,12

-0,46

-0,69

-0,66

-0,64

-0,90

-0,78-0,28

-0,08

0,41

0,13

-0,64

-0,39

-0,04

-0,39

-0,51

-0,67

-0,86

0,11

-0,13

-0,06

-0,37

-0,27Anoaiiaeai? aeoaea aaaeeea? caeiiii??iino?, ye? iieyaathoue a oiio,
ui aeoeai?noue AEO ia? aeinoia??iee ? aenieee aca?iica’ycie aei
aeo?ao ei?i?a ia 1 ea i?e?inoo (r a?ae 0,45 a 4 i?n. aei 0,95 a 2
i?n. a?oe?). Oae? ae aenie? cia/aiiy ei?aeyoe?eii? caeaaeiino? io?eiai?
? ii iieacieeao aeoeaiino? EO. Eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? ca aeo?aoaie
ei?i?a ia 1 ea i?e?inoo eieeaaeeny a?ae 0,50 (a 1 i?n.) aei 0,81 (a 4
i?ny/iiio a?oe?). ??aaiue aeoeaiino? ANO iaa na?aaei? cia/aiiy
ei?aeyoe?? c a?eii aeinyaiaiiy aeeai? iane 100ea (r = 0,45). Aiaeia?/i?
aeai? io?eiai? ii aca?iica’yceo EOE c a?eii aeinyaiaiiy aeeai? iane 100
ea (r = 0,53) ? aeo?aoaie ei?i?a ia 1 ea i?e?inoo (r = 0,82).

10

Ia??ai? c ?icaeyiooeie a?aeaiae?aaeueieie yeinoyie ia iaio aaaeeeaei ?
aea/aiiy aca?iica’yceo oa?iaio?a c iieacieeaie i’ynieo yeinoae. Aiae?c
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeaco? ia aeineoue aenieo i?iaiicoth/o
caeaoi?noue aeoeaiino? AEO o a?oe? 1 i?n. Oae ei?aeyoe?y aeoeaiino?
aeaiiai oa?iaioo c aeoiaeii i’yna a ooo? neeaea r = -0,77, c ianith
ieinoo r = -0,70, oiaueiith oieeo r = 0,96 ? ianith iaeaeiaoiai i’yca
nieie r = -0,93. Iieaciee aeeai? iane a 8 i?n. a?oe? o aenie?e i???
ei?aeth? c aeoeai?noth ANO (r = -0,64) ? EOE (r =  0,51 a 1 i?n. ? r =
-0,67 a 2 i?n. a?oe?), ui noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae c o?aooaaiiyi aeoeaiino?
aeaio ?icaeyiooeo oa?iaio?a aeineoue iaae?eii i?iaiicoaaoe i’yni? yeino?
naeiae.

C aeineoue ?noioieo aca?iica’yce?a iiaeia a?aei?oeoe ei?aeyoe?th EO c
oiaueiith oieeo (a?ae 0,70 aei 0,90) ? ianith iaeaeiaoiai i’yca nieie (r
= -0,64 aei -0,90). Aeyaeai? caeiiii??iino? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy

a?aeaiae?aaeueieo ? i’ynieo yeinoae naeiae.

O ii??aiyeueiiio aniaeo? aaaeeeaei ? aea?? c aeine?aeaeaii? noeoiiino?
oa?iaio?a iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieo c oi/ee ci?o i?iaiicoaaiiy
?ai?iaeoeoeaieo ? i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae. Oea aeinyaa?oueny aea/aiiyi
aianeo ci?iieo oaeoi??a a caaaeueio i?ieea?noue ooieoe?iiaeueieo
iieaciee?a. Iaie aecia/aiee aianie 4-o oa?iaio?a, aea/aieo o a?eiaiio
aniaeo?, a i?ieea?noue ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo oa a?aeaiae?aaeueieo yeinoae
naeiae (oaae.5).

C iieaciee?a, ioe?iaieo a 2-o i?ny/iiio a?oe? iiaeia a?aei?oeoe aenieee
aianie ANO a i?ieea?noue aaee/eie iiei/iino? iaoie (66,06%). Na?aae
oa?iaio?a, aeoeai?noue yeeo aecia/aeany a 4 — 6 i?n. a?oe? ?aiiioieo
naeiie, aeae?ey?oueny ?ioa a?oia — AEO ? EOE, aianie yeeo iaea?eueo
?noioiee. Oae, aeoeai?noue EOE ia 90,01% aecia/a? i?ieea?noue iane
iaeiiai ii?inyoe a 26 aei?a, a AEO iaoiiaeth? aei 83,61% iiei/i?noue
iaoie. Aeaia caeiiii??i?noue i?inoaaeo?oueny ? o a?oe? 6 i?nyoe?a aeey
iiei/iino? iaoie (81,91 %). Caaaeii, iiaeia oeacaoe, ui a ?aiiueiio
a?oe? (1-2 i?n.) iiaeia i?iaiicoaaoe ?ai?iaeoeoeai? yeino? naeiiiaoie,
aeoiaey/e c aeoeaiino? EO ? ANO, a o a?oe? 4-6 i?n. — aeoiaey/e c
aeoeaiino? EOE ? AEO.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo iciae iaea?eueoee aianie a i?ieea?noue
a?aeaiae?aaeueieo yeinoae aiineoue aeoeai?noue AEO. Oae, aeo?aoe ei?io
aecia/athoueny aeoeai?noth aeaiiai oa?iaioo ia 91,23% (1 i?n.) ? 95,24%
(2 i?n.). Ia ?io? iieacieee ia?aaaaeiee aianie iaaea? i?ieea?noue EO: —
66,44% ia i?ieea?noue aaee/eie na?aaeiueiaeiaiaiai i?e?inoo ? 61,67% ia
a?e aeinyaiaiiy aeeai? iane 100 ea. Aeey aeniei? oi/iino? i?iaiico
a?aeaiae?aaeueieo yeinoae naeiae aeioe?eueii aeei?enoaoe ioe?iee
aeoeaiino? AEO ? EO.

C iaoith aea/aiiy aieeao aaiaoe/ieo, ia?aoeiieo ?
iioiaaiaoe/ieo oaeoi??a ia i?ieea?noue aeine?aeaeoaaieeo
eioa?’??ieo iieaciee?a, iaie i?iaaaeaiee o?ueiooaeoi?iee
aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c. Aoa aea/aiee aieea

11

ia?aoeiieo oaeoi??a (3 iieie?iiy aeei?enoaiiy ia eiiieaen?), a?eo
iieiaeiyeo (1, 2, 4, 6 i?n.) ? aaiioeiieo iniaeeainoae (7 aaiioeiieo
a?oi) ia aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a a?eeiaiai ? aoaeaaiaeiiai iai?io.

Oaaeeoey 5 — Aianie oaeoi??a a i?ieea?noue i?iaeoeoeaieo iciae naeiae, %

Iieacieee A?e,i?n.Oa?iaioeAEOANOEOEEO?ai?iaeoeoeai? iciaee

Aaaaoiie?aei?noue, aie.1

2

4

62,37

23,72

19,41

1,8511,40

55,14

35,62

4,583,70

19,68

0,05

46,3682,53

1,46

45,02

47,21

Iiei/i?noue, ea1

2

4

628,46

21,63

83,61

81,910,81

66,06

3,24

4,020,01

11,36

12,03

11,3870,75

0,85

1,12

2,69

Iana 1 ii?inyoe a 26 aei?a1

2

4

664,65

22,97

6,62

6,770,11

40,60

1,51

80,3935,17

32,38

90,01

2,670,08

4,05

1,86

10,17 A?aeaiae?aaeuei? iciaee

Na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no, a1

2

4

628,24

25,96

6,54

25,1551,58

0,11

14,88

45,090,46

7,49

41,38

29,6619,72

66,44

37,20

0,10

A?e aeinyaiaiiy aeeai? iane

100 ea, aei?1

2

4

64,15

10,33

14,52

8,8232,67

20,38

25,18

33,011,51

22,01

6,62

35,5961,67

47,28

53,68

22,58

Aeo?aoe ei?i?a, ei?i.iae.1

2

4

691,23

95,24

25,88

75,401,89

2,76

22,06

0,715,13

1,75

35,29

4,831,75

0,25

16,77

19,06

Anoaiiaeaii ?noioiee aieea ia i?ieea?noue aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a a?eeiaiai
? aoaeaaiaeiiai iai?io an?o o?ueio oaeoi??a (?<0,01), a oaeiae an?o /ioe?ueio oei?a aca?iiae??. Aiane?aeie aeine?aeaeaiue aeyaeaii iacia/iee aieea ia?aoeiieo oaeoi??a ia aeeiai?eo aeoeaiino? iciae. Oae neea aieeao ciaoiaeeeany a iaaeao: 0,02% (EO) aei 7,10% (EOE). O oie aea /an anoaiiaeaia cia/ia caeaaei?noue an?o ?ioa?'??ieo iieaciee?a a?ae a?eo oaa?ei - iaea?eueo? cia/aiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a ia?aai?i??iaaiiy anoaiiaeai? o a?oe? 2 - 4 i?n., ui ni?aiaaea? c ia??iaeii iaea?eueo ?ioaineaiiai neioaco i’yciai? oeaieie. Aieea a?eo neeaaeaa a?ae 13,01% (EOE) aei 58,32% (EO). Ca aeiyoeii EOE aieea iioiaaiaoe/iiai oaeoi?o aoa aeua, i?ae aieea aaiioeiieo a?aei?iiinoae, cia/aiiy yeeo ciaoiaeeeeny a iaaeao 7,38% … 25,83% ? aoee a??ia?aeieie. 12 Aeei?enoaiiy ia?aiao??a ?inoo ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyeo naeiae aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy aeeai? iane i?e a?aeaiae?ae? C iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy i?ioeano ?inoo naeiae aoea aea/aia aoaeoeai?noue ioe?iee ?o ca ia?aiao?aie ?ioaineaiino? oi?ioaaiiy, iai?oae ? ??aiii??iino? ?inoo. Ca iieacieeii ?ioaineaiino? oi?ioaaiiy iiaeeeai i?iaiicoaaoe aeeao iano a ?aiiueiio a?oe? 0-1-2 i?n. c o?aooaaiiyi eiao?oe??ioa ei?aeyoe?? 0,679 - 0,734 (oaae. 6). Oaaeeoey 6 - Eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? iieaciee?a ?inoo naeiae Eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe??Iiei- e?iiyA?e, i?n.?ioaineai?noue oi?ioaaiiy ?iaeaen ??aiii??iino? 0 - 1 - 21 - 2 - 32 - 3 - 40 - 1 - 21 - 2 - 32 - 3 - 4 F17 80,679 0,734-0,441 -0,5960,603 0,449-0,437 -0,5720,206 0,3820,879 0,842 F27 80,689 0,712-0,459 -0,7000,589 0,468-0,462 -0,5010,489 0,6910,816 0,814 F37 80,684 0,714-0,383 -0,5400,547 0,512-0,448 -0,4790,414 0,4470,788 0,878 Iaio ?ioi?iaoeaiei a ia??iae 0-1-2 i?n. aeyaeany ?iaeaen ??aiii??iino? ?inoo (i?e r a?ae -0,437 aei -0,572). A a?eueo i?ciueiio a?oe? (2-3-4 i?n.) oeae ?iaeaen iaa aeoaea aenieee ei?aeyoe?eiee aca?iica'ycie c aeeaith ianith a 7 ? 8 i?nyoe?a (r a?ae 0,788 aei 0,879). E?eoa??? iai?oae ? ??aiii??iino? ?inoo aeia?a i?iaiicothoue aeeao iano a ia??iae 2-3-4 i?n., e?iaoeue yeiai ni?aiaaea? c aeoiaeii iieiaeiyeo ia ae?iuoaaiiy aai a?aeaiae?aeth. Oiio, a ieai?iieo ainiiaea?noaao, aeioe?eueii i?e a?aeai?? ?aiiioieo naeiie a?aoiaoaaoe ?o aeeao iano a ia??iae 2-3-4 i?nyoe? ? io?eioaaoe aenie? iieacieee aeeai? iane i?e a?aeai?? naeiie c aenieeie iieacieeaie ?iaeaen?a ??aiii??iino? ? iai?oae ?inoo. Iiaeaethaaiiy ?inoo naeiae ??cieo aaiioei?a a i?ioean? iioiaaiaco Ia caeeth/iiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aea/ai? iniaeeaino? ?inoo naeiae ??cieo ii??ae ? oei?a c aeiiiiiaith iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae. Aeei?enoai? e?eaa ?inoo A??aeaeana ? e?eaa ?inoo ??/a?aena. Aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aeey iieno i?ioeano ?inoo naeiae iieacaee, ui iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiith ? e?eaa ??/a?aena (oaae.7), yea ii?yae c aenieith oi/i?noth iieno aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe aeeiai?eo aeeai? iane a ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee. Aeinoiei?noth iiaeae? yaey?oueny oaeiae oa, ui a i?e iaeaea iiai?noth ca?aathoueny oai?aoe/i? ? aii??e/i? cia/aiiy ii/aoeiai? aeeai? iane. Oea aeaco? ia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy iiaeae? aeey i?iaiico aeeai? iane aeoiaey/e ?c aeaieo ca ii/aoeiaee ia??iae aei?iaoaaiiy. 13 Oaaeeoey 7 - Ia?aiao?e iiaeae? ??/a?aena AaiioeiIa?aiao?e iiaeae?R2W0AnkE II ON? ONA OEA-1 AA Ae AIO1,47 1,48 1,44 1,42 1,48 1,44 1,55 1,50282 264 291 287 255 297 313 298-0,423 -0,323 -0,422 -0,360 -0,392 -0,383 -0,298 -0,3340,115 0,138 0,112 0,128 0,127 0,127 0,156 0,1320,9912 0,9925 0,9908 0,9967 0,9945 0,9916 0,9903 0,9948 Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeae? ??/a?aena iieacaei, ui aiia c aenieith oi/i?noth iieno? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? ?inoo naeiae a iiaeaeueo? a?eia? ia??iaee (R2 a?ae 0,9903 aei 0,9967). Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeae? aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe iiaeeeaee aaiaoe/iee iioaioe?ae oaa?ei a eiie?aoi? ia??iaee iioiaaiaco. Aeey aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? a?aeaiae?ae? i?aenaeie?a aoea acyoa aea??ea iieiaeiyeo ii?iaee aeth?ie (65 aie?a) ? ?iciiae?eaia ia a?oie ii ni?aa?aeiioaiith ia?aiao??a eeiaoe/ii? ? aeniiiaioe?aeueii? oaeaeeino? ?inoo, aecia/aieo ii iiaeae? ??/a?aena. Aoei noi?iiaaii o?e a?oie oaa?ei: I - c aenieei ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi eiinoaio (>1); II — c
na?aaei?i ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi eiinoaio
(picscalex10001000900000388000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02400140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffff2600000000010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000200010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a00013a0001000000bb000a00000026060f000a00fff
fffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379737
4656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00100000300000000001); II? — c
iecueeei ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi eiinoaio (<1). Aea/aia aeeaa iana a 8 i?n. a?oe? i?aenaeie?a aeacaieo a?oi ? anoaiiaeaia aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ?o a?aeaiae?ae? (oaae. 8). I?e a?aeai?? i?aenaeie?a c aenieeie cia/aiiyie eiinoaio e?iaoe/ii? ? aeniiiaioe?aeueii? oaeaeeino? ?inoo io?eiaii iaea?eueoee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo. I?e??no aeiaeaoeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? neeaaeaa 13,7 % (ii a?aeiioaiith aei III a?oie), ui caaacia/eei io?eiaoe ca 8 i?nyoe?a aeiaeaoeiaee i?eaooie ia 1 aieiao 36,44 a?eaaiue, a i?e a?aeaiae?ae? 1000 i?aenaeie?a ca ??e iiaeia io?eiaoe 55412 a?eaaiue. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i aeioe?euei?noue a?aeai?o ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyeo naeiae ca iioeiaeueiei ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi ia?aiao??a ?inoo. Oaaeeoey 8 - Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue a?aeaiae?ae? i?aenaeie?a c ??ciith oaeaee?noth ?inoo A?oiaNi?aa?ae-iioaiiy AEeaa ianaAeiaeaoie aeeai? ianeI?eaaaea aa?oino? iniiaii? aeiaeaoeiai? i?iaeoeoe??, a?eaaiueeiinoaioa a?oe? 8 i?n, eaa % aei III a?oiea ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aieiao ca 8 i?n.a ?ic?aooieo ia 1000 aie?a ca ??eI II III1,346 0,907 0,758134,4 126,7 118,213,7 7,2 -36,44 19,15 -55412 29124 -14 AENIIAEE ? I?IIICEOe?? 1. Aecia/aii aaiaoe/iee iioaioe?ae ca a?aeoai?ieie ? i'ynieie yeinoyie naeiae ia?niaeoeaiiai aaiioiiaeo, ui ?icaiaeyoueny ia aaeeeiio i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen?, ? ?ic?iaeai? i?eeiie ioe?iee ? aeiai?o oaa?ei. 2. Iaea?eueo aenie? a?aeoai?i? yeino? ia i?ioyc? o?ueio aaia?aoe?e ia eiiieaen? iaee naeiiiaoee aaeeei? a?ei? ? oe?a?inueei? i'ynii? ii?iaee - aaaaoiie?aei?noue 10,5 aie.; iiei/i?noue a?aeiia?aeii 41,9 … 45,8 ea. Ca ??aiai na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a ?noioio ia?aaaao c 7 aea/aieo aaiioei?a iaee oaa?eie oe?a?inueei? noaiiai? a?ei? ii?iaee ( 711,46 a ) ? aeth?ie ( 704,3 a ). Aeey naeiae oe?a?inueei? noaiiai? a?ei? ii?iaee a?aei?/aii i?i?iaeueiee a?e aeinyaiaiiy aeeai? iane 100 ea - 188,65 aei?a. Ca i'ynieie yeinoyie anoaiiaeaia aeinoia??ia ia?aaaaa naeiae niaoe?ae?ciaaieo i'ynieo ii??ae - aeo?ae i'yna neeaaea?: AIO - 60,7%, aeth?ie - 64,1 %, eaiae?an - 62,3 %. Iana ieinoo o ii?iaee aeth?ie noaiiaeoue 11,28 ea, eaiae?an - 10,71 ea. 3. Ioe?iaia aaiaoe/ia aeene?aoi?noue ii??ae ??ciiai iai?yieo i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Anoaiiaeai? cia/i? a?aei?iiino? ca eiiieaenii a?aeaiae?aaeueieo ? i'ynieo yeinoae i?ae ii?iaeaie aaeeea a?ea ? eaiae?an ( 4,04 ), aaeeea a?ea ? oaeuenea, a oaeiae an?o ii??ae c iiaith ii?iaeith oe?a?inueea i'ynia ( a?ae 3,09 aei 6,50 ). Oea aeaco?, ui aeaia ii?iaea ia? na?e a?aeiniaeaiee aaiioiiae ? iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ye aaouee?anueea oi?ia a i?ia?aiao no?auoaaiiy ? a?a?eaeecaoe??. 4. Aea/aiiy oeiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae naeiae ??ciiai aaiioeio ca e?ai?ieia?/ieie iieacieeaie iieacaei, ui iaea?eueo? a?aei?iiino? i?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieie aaiioeiaie anoaiiaeai? ca aei??aie ieaeiueiai e?ath iioeee/iiai ioai?o, iaea?eueoi? oe?eie eiaa ? aenioe /a?aia (ii). An? ii?iaee ooai?ththoue aeaa aaeeeeo eeanoa?a, ui ia'?aeiothoue ii?iaee c iai?yio i?iaeoeoeaiino? - eaiae?an, oe?a?inueea i'ynia aai ca ??aiai nei?inoeaeino? - iieoaanueea i'ynia, iieaeaanueea i'ynia, aaeeea /i?ia. 5. Aea/aiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a i?ioa?iiaiai ? aoaeaaiaeiiai iai?io o a?eiaiio aniaeo? iieacaei, ui iaea?eueo aenieo aeoeai?noue o?ainoa?ac naei? an?o ii??ae iaee a 4-o i?ny/iiio a?oe?, ui a?aeiia?aea? ia??iaeo ?ioaineaiiai neioaco i’yciai? oeaieie. Iaea?eueo aenieee ??aaiue aeai?io?ainoa?ace a?aei?/aiee o naeiae ii??ae aeth?ie ? oe?a?inueea noaiiaa ?yaa (0,812 ? 0,830). Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia i?ioyc? o?ueio iieie?iue oo?eiaiiy ia eiiieaen? a?aeaoaa?oueny cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? o?ainoa?ac, ui aeaco? ia iaaaoeai? ae?? i?iieneiaeo iaoiae?a oo?eiaiiy ia aeoeai?noue neioaco i’yciaeo aieieii. 6. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ??aaiue aeai?io?ainoa?ace ia? no?eeee iaaaoeaiee aca?iica'ycie c iiei/i?noth iaoie, i?e oeueiio iaea?eueo aenie? cia/aiiy io?eiai? o a?oe? aecia/aiiy AEO 4 ? 6 i?n. (a?aeiia?aeii -0,86 ? -0,84). 15 Aeyaeaii aenieee aca?iica'ycie ??aiy ania?oaoo?ainoa?ace c aaaaoiie?aei?noth iaoie. Oae, o a?oe? 2-o i?nyoe?a eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? noaiiaea 0,80, a a 4 i?n. 0,64. Oea aeaco? ia iiaeeea?noue a?aeai?o ?aiiioieo naeiie ii ??aith ania?oaoo?ainoa?ace. 7. Aeoeai?noue aeai?io?ainoa?ace ia? aeinoia??iee ? aenieee aca?iica'ycie c cao?aoaie ei?i?a ia 1 ea i?e?inoo (r a?ae 0,45 a 4 i?n. aei 0,95 a 2 i?n. a?oe?). Aeineoue ?noioiith aeyaeeany ei?aeyoe?y eoaeii? oinoaoace c oiaueiith oieeo (a?ae0,70 aei 0,83 ). Aeyaeai? caeiiii??iino? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy a?aeaiae?aaeueieo ? i'ynieo yeinoae naeiae. Aeey oeueiai ?ic?aoiaai? ??aiyiiy iiiaeeiii? e?i?eii? ?aa?an??, ui aeicaieythoue c aenieith oi/i?noth i?iaiicoaaoe a?aeaiae?aaeuei? yeino? naeiae ( R=0,9482 ). 8. Aecia/aii aianie aeoeaiino? ie?aieo oa?iaio?a a i?ieea?noue ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae naeiiiaoie. Anoaiiaeaii noaa?eueii aenieee aianie aeoeaiino? eoaeii? oinoaoace a i?ieea?noue aaaaoiie?aeiino? (82,53%) ? iiei/iinoue iaoie (70,75%). 9. Aea/aiee aieea aaiioeiiaeo, ia?aoeiiaeo ? iioiaaiaoe/ieo oaeoi??a ia i?ieea?noue ?ioa?'??ieo iciae. Anoaiiaeaia cia/ia caeaaei?noue aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a ia?aai?ioaaiiy a?ae a?eo oaa?ei - iaea?eueo? cia/aiiy io?eiai? o a?oe? 2-4 i?n. , ui ni?aiaaea? c ia??iaeii iaea?eueoiai neioaco i’yciai? oeaieie (a?ae 13,01% - e?aao?ioinoie?iace aei 58,88% - eoaeii? oinoaoace). *anoea aieeao aaiioeiiaeo oaeoi??a ciaoiaeeeany a iaaeao 7,88 … 25,83 ? aoea aenieiaeinoia??iith. 10. C iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy i?ioeano ?inoo naeiae aea/aia aoaeoeai?noue ioe?iee ?o ca ia?aiao?aie ?ioaineaiino? oi?ioaaiiy, iai?oae ? ??aiii??iino? ?inoo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ca iieacieeii ?ioaineaiino? oi?ioaaiiy iiaeeeai i?iaiicoaaoe aeeao iano a i?i?iaeueii ?aiiueiio a?oe? (0-1-2) - eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? aoa ia ??ai? 0,679 - 0,573. 11. Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeae? ??/a?aena iieacaei, ui aiia c aenieith oi/i?noth iieno? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? ?inoo naeiae a iiaeaeueo? a?eia? ia??iaee (R2 a?ae 0,9903 aei 0,9967). Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeae? aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe iiaeeeaee aaiaoe/iee iioaioe?ae oaa?ei a eiie?aoi? ia??iaee iioiaaiaco. ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny a ieai?iieo ainiiaea?noaao i?e a?aeai?? ?aiiioieo naeiie a?aoiaoaaoe ?o aeeao iano a ia??iae 2-4 i?n. ? io?eioaaoe aenie? iieacieee aeeai? iane i?e a?aeai?? naeiie c aenieeie iieacieeaie ?iaeaen?a ??aiii??iino? ? iai?oae ?inoo, a oaeiae canoiniaoaaoe iiaeaeue ??/a?aena aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy aeeai? iane naeiae ??cieo ii??ae. 16 NIENIE ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA IAOA??AEAIE AeENA?OAOe?? 1. ss?aiaiei A.?., Iieyeiaa A.I. Iioiinoai naeiae c aenieith aia?a??th ?inoo // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. - Ee?a. - 1997.- ? 5. N.14. 2. Iieyeiaa A.I. ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo naeiae ? i?iaiicoaaiiy ?oi?o a?aeaiae?aaeueieo yeinoae. // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. - Ee?a. - 1997.- ? 5. N.12. 3. Iieyeiaa A.I. Aeeiai?ea iioiaaiaoe/ieo ci?i aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a ne?iaaoee e?ia? naeiae ??cieo aaiioei?a // I?iaeaie ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Ee?a.- 1997. - N. 68. 4. Iieyeiaa A.I. Aecia/aiiy aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo a?aeaiae?aaeueii? ? i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? naeiae ??ciiai iai?yieo i?iaeoeoeaiino? // Oaa??enueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. – Oa?nii.- 1998. - aeione 3. - N.86-94. 5. Iieyeiaa A.I. Ioe?iea aaiaoe/ii? aeene?aoiino? ii??ae naeiae ??ciiai iai?yieo i?iaeoeoeaiino? // Oaa??enueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. – Oa?nii.- 1998. - aeione 2. - N.88-92. 6. ss?aiaiei A.?., Iieyeiaa A.I. A?eiaa ? aaiioei?/ia i?ieea?noue oa?iaio?a ne?iaaoee e?ia? oa ca’ycie c aeeaith ianith iieiaeiyea naeiae // Oaa??enueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. – Oa?nii.- 1998. – aeione 5, /anoeia 2. - N. 43-45. Iieyeiaa A.I. Aaeineiiaeaiiy i?eeii?a ioe?iee ieai?iieo ? i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae oi?aa?naeueieo ? niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ii??ae naeiae. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.02.01. - ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei. - Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?nii, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith aaiioeiiaeo iniaeeainoae ii??ae naeiae ??ciiai iai?yio i?iaeoeoeaiino? ca ?ai?iaeoeoeaieie, a?aeaiae?aaeueieie ? i'ynieie yeinoyie. Aeey ?ic?iaee i?eeii?a ioe?iee i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae naeiae aeei?enoai? ?ioa?'??i? iieacieee ne?iaaoee e?ia? oa iiaeaethaaiiy e?eaeo ?inoo c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeae? ??/a?aena. Aecia/aii ca'ycie aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a c ?ai?iaeoeoeaieie ? i?iaeoeoeaieie yeinoyie naeiae. Anoaiiaeaii aeioe?euei?noue a?aeai?o ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyeo naeiae ca ia?aiao?aie iai?oae ? ??aiii??iino? ?inoo. Aeyaeaii aieea aaiioeiiaeo ? ia?aoeiiaeo oaeoi??a ia i?ieea?noue ?ioa?'??ieo iieaciee?a. Ca aeiiiiiaith eeanoa?iiai aiae?co anoaiiaeai? a?aei?iiino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo ii??ae ca iniiaieie ainiiaea?nueei - ei?enieie iciaeaie. Eeth/aa? neiaa: aaiioiiae, ii?iaea, ?ioa?'??i? oanoe, iiaeae? ?inoo, i?ieea?noue iciae, aeenia?n?eiee, eeanoa?iee aiae?ce, ei?aeyoe?y, ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??. 17 Iieyeiaa A.A. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea i?eaiia ioeaiee ieaiaiiuo e i?iaeoeoeaiuo ea/anoa oieaa?naeueiuo e niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo ii?iae naeiae. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.02.01 - ?acaaaeaiea e naeaeoeey aeeaioiuo. - Oa?niineee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Oa?nii, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth aaiioeie/aneeo iniaaiiinoae ii?iae naeiae ?acee/iiai iai?aaeaiey i?iaeoeoeaiinoe ii ?ai?iaeoeoeaiui, ioei?ii/iui e iyniui ea/anoaai. Aeey ?ac?aaioee i?eaiia ioeaiee i?iaeoeoeaiuo ea/anoa naeiae eniieueciaaiu eioa?uea?iua iieacaoaee nuai?ioee e?iae e iiaeaee?iaaiea e?eauo ?inoa n eniieueciaaieai iiaeaee ?e/a?aena. Ii?aaeaeaia acaeiinaycue aeoeaiinoe oa?iaioia n ?ai?iaeoeoeaiuie e i?iaeoeoeaiuie ea/anoaaie naeiae. Onoaiiaeaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue ioai?a ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea naeiae ii ia?aiao?ai iai?yaeaiiinoe e ?aaiiia?iinoe ?inoa. Auyaeaii aeeyiea aaiioeie/aneeo e ia?aoeie/aneeo oaeoi?ia ia eciai/eainoue eioa?uea?iuo iieacaoaeae. I?e iiiiue eeanoa?iiai aiaeeca onoaiiaeaiu ioee/ey eco/aiiuo ii?iae ii iniiaiui oicyenoaaiii - iieaciui i?eciaeai. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaiioiiae, ii?iaea, eioa?uea?iua oanou, iiaeaee ?inoa, eciai/eainoue i?eciaeia, aeenia?neiiiue, eeanoa?iue aiaeecu, ei??aeyoeey, o?aaiaiey ?aa?annee. Polyakova V.A. Improvement of the evaluation techniques for pedigree and productive qualities of multipurpose and specialized breeds of pigs. - Manuscript. Thesis for Candidate's Degree (Agriculture) in the major 06.02.01 - Animal Breeding and Selection. - Kherson State Agrarian University, Kherson, 1998. The thesis reflects research in genotypical peculiarities of pig breeds of different productivity directions according to reproductive, fattening and meat qualities. To develop evaluation techniques of productive qualities in pigs there have been used interieur indicators of blood serum and growth curve modelling, with the application of the Richards model. The relationship of enzime activity and reproductive and productive qualities of pigs was established. The expediency of the selection of remount younger generation according to the parameters of growth intensity and evenness was determined. The impact of genotypical and paratypical factors on the variability of interieur indicators was revealed. Owing to the cluster analysis, the differences between the breeds under study were defined according to the main characteristics of economic utility. Key words: gene pool, breed, interieur tests, models of growth, variability of indicators, dispersional, cluster analysis, correlation, regression equations.

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