16

EE?ANUeEEE I?AEIA?IAeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO OeEA?EUeII? AA?AOe??

A?IAIAeO IOAEEIAA

OAeE 656.7:621.396.6.083(043.3)

AAeINEIIAEAIIss IAOIAeE*IIAI CAAACIA*AIIss

OAOI?*II? AENIEOAOAOe??

IACAIIIAI ?AAe?IAEAEO?IIIIAI IAEAAeIAIIss

OeEA?EUeII? AA?AOe?? AIAIEE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 05.22.14 – aenieoaoaoe?y iia?o?yiiai o?ainii?oo

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? aenieoaoaoe?? ? ?aiiioo cania?a
?aae?ioaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a oa ea?oaaiiy iia?o?yiei ?ooii a
Ee?anueeiio i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aieeaeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Nieiiaioeaa
Ieaenaiae? Aaneeueiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aenieoaoaoe?? ? ?aiiioo
cania?a ?aae?ioaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a oa ea?oaaiiy iia?o?yiei
?ooii Ee?anueeiai i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Eiiaoiae/ Aai?a?e Oeeeiiiiae/,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e ?enieoaoaoe?? oa ?aiiioo ai?oiaiai ?aae?iaeaeo?iiiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy Ee?anueeiai i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, E?aaeaioea? Ai?en Iao?iae/, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy ?aae?iaeaeo?iiii? oaoi?ee Ee?anueeiai
a?enueeiaiai ?inoeoooo oi?aae?iiy oa ca’yceo, caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ?
oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?yAea?aeaaia Ee?anueea eiino?oeoi?nueea ath?i “Eo/”

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “31” aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo i 1500 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.062.03 i?e Ee?anueeiio
i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? ca aae?anith: 252058
i. Ee?a58, i?ini. Einiiiaaoa Eiia?iaa, 1, EIOOeA.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “26“ ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Caii?iaeaoeue I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy aaciaee ? ?aaoey?iino? iieueio?a iia?o?yieo noaeai
(IN) oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? (OeA) Aiaiee, a oaeiae caaacia/aiiy ae?iaie/i?
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa OeA oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny iacaiia
?aae?iaeaeo?iiia iaeaaeiaiiy (I?AI), ui iinoaaey?oueny c ??cieo e?a?i
na?oo. Oi?aae?iiy aoaeoeai?noth aenieoaoaoe?? ? ?ano?nia caaacia/aiiy
nenoaie aenieoaoaoe?? (NA) I?AI ia ??ai? an??? e?a?ie, i?aeo?eiaiiy ?
a?aeiiaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? iaeaaeiaiiy cae?enith?oueny a?aeiia?aeii
i?aaiaie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ? aenieoaoaoe?eieie i?ae?icae?eaie
i?aei?e?inoa OeA Aiaiee. Aiae?c ?iaioe oeeo noa’?eo?a i?aaeiaoii?
iaeano?, a oaeiae aiae?c oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c aenieoaoaoe??
neeaaeieo oaoi?/ieo nenoai iieaco?, ui ?nio? ?yae cia/oueo iiceoe?e, ui
aeiaaathoue ?ic?iaee aai aaeineiiaeaiiy. Cie?aia, i?aai?caoe?eia
iiaoaeiaa ? ci?no NA I?AI a Aiaie? oi?ioaaeenue noeo?eii i?ae aieeaii
aeiia ? oiia, ye? aeniaoaaeenue o??iaie, ui iinoa/athoue I?AI, aac
iaeaaeiiai a?aooaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a. I?aaie aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ? aenieoaoaoe?ei? i?aei?e?inoaa iaaeinoaoiuei caaacia/ai?
iaoiaee/ieie iaoa??aeaie aeey ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co ? aeai?o I?AI o??i
iinoa/aeueiee?a iaeaaeiaiiy; aeey iioeiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae
nenoaie ?aiiioo ? na?a?niiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy I?AI; a?aooaaiith ? aiae?co
aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao oa ?ioeo iieaciee?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe NA I?AI; ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? oaoiieia?e ?aiiioo ?
ae?aaiinooaaiiy noaio I?AI c iaoith aeiiii?? ?ano?n?a, ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy aa?aoe?eieo niaoe?ae?no?a Aiaiee ? a?eueo iiaiiai
a?aooaaiiy ai??i?ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i a?aeiiae iaeaaeiaiiy ? o.i. Ana oea
i?ecaiaeeoue aei cia/ieo iai?iaeoeoeaieo aeo?ao ?ano?n?a o NA I?AI,
a?aenoaaaiith o ieoaiiyo oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee o aeai?e
iaeano? OeA, iaiaaeaiith iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a Aiaiee i?e aca?iiae??
?c ca?oa?aeieie ae?iaieeaie I?AI. A oeueiio ca’yceo i?aaenoaaey?oueny
aeooaeueiei ??oaiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy i?ioean?a aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI a OeA Aiaiee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ca’ycaia c oaiaoeeith i?ia?aie aaeineiiaeaiiy
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Aiaiee, c oaiaoeeith i?ia?aie iiaea?i?caoe?? nenoai
aa?iiaa?aaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy iia?o?yiiai ?ooo a Oe?a?i?.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a io?eiaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
?acoeueoao?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy
i?ioean?a i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy aenieoaoaoe??th I?AI OeA Aiaiee, a
oaeiae aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?e oaoi?/ii? aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio? ae??oothoueny ianooii?
caaea/?:

1.?ic?iaea iaoiaee/iiai i?aeoiaeo aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii
aaeineiiaeaiith i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae nenoaie aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI a
/anoei? ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy.

2.Iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaee/iiai i?aeoiaeo aeey a?aooaaiiy aeo?ao ?ano?n?a a
nenoai? aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI.

3.?ic?iaea no?oeoo?e ? ?yaeo aeai?eoi?a aeey ia?iaee ocaaaeueiaii?
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e oi?aae?ii? i?ioeanaie aenieoaoaoe??
I?AI.

4.?ic?iaea oaoiieia?e i?iaaaeaiiy ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio I?AI
a i?ioean? iioi/iiai ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy.

5.?ic?iaea aiae?oe/ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue aeey aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? i?ia?ai
ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio I?AI.

6.?ic?iaea iaoiaeee ?ic?aooieo /enaeueieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a
aoaeoeaiino? iioi/iiai ?aiiioo ie?aii acyoiai ae?iao ? ia?eo ae?ia?a
I?AI.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1.?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae, ui aeicaieeoue, i?iaiaeeoe
iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii oaeineiiaeaiith i?aai?caoe?eii?
iiaoaeiae nenoaie aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI a /anoei? ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy.

2.Iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aeey a?aooaaiiy aeo?ao ?ano?n?a i?e
oaoi?/i?e aenieoaoaoe?? iaeaaeiaiiy, ui o a?aei?io a?ae a?aeiieo
?acoeueoao?a i?eionea? i?iaaaeaiiy ?ic?aooieo ia o?eueee iaoaiaoe/iiai
i/?eoaaiiy /enaeueieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a aeo?ao ?ano?n?a, aea e ?ioeo
noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ui aeicaiey? a?eueo aaeaeaaoii ioe?ithaaoe
i/?eoaai? aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeo?aoe.

3.?ic?iaeaia iia?aoi?ia noaia oa ?yae aeai?eoi?a aeey ia?iaee
ocaaaeueiaii? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, yeo iiaeia
aeei?enoiaoaaoe o yeino? iaoiaee/ii? iniiae nenoai eiio?ieth ?
oi?aae?iiy aoaeoeai?noth aenieoaoaoe??th I?AI.

4.?ic?iaeaii aeaa iaoiaeo ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio (o.n.) I?AI
ia iniia? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai e?eoa??th c eieaeueiei aecia/aiiyi oiiaii?
e?eueeino? ?ioi?iaoe?? a yeeo aeiaeaoeiai a?aoiaothoueny ai??i?i? aeai?
i?i /enaeuei? cia/aiiy ?iia??iinoae iiieeie 1-ai oa 2-ai ?iaeo i?e
eiio?ie? ae?aaiinoe/ieo ia?aiao??a, a oaeiae o?eaaeino? ?o aei??e.

5.?ic?iaeaii aiae?oe/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey aiae?co aoaeoeaiino?
i?ia?ai ae?aaiinooaaiiy oa i?ia?ai i?iaaaeaiiy iioi/iiai ?aiiioo I?AI,
ui aeicaieythoue aecia/aoe iaoaiaoe/ia i/?eoaaiiy, aeenia?n?th ?
ii?iaiaa cia/aiiy aeo?ao ?ano?n?a, a oaeiae u?eueiino? ?iciiae?eo
?iia??iinoae aeo?ao ?ano?n?a ia ?aae?caoe?th i?ia?ai.

6.?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo /enaeueieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a
aoaeoeaiino? iioi/iiai ?aiiioo ie?aii acyoiai ae?iao ? ia?eo ae?ia?a, ui
aeicaieythoue a?eueo aaeaeaaoii ieaioaaoe aeiiii?/io ae?yeuei?noue
aenieoaoaoe?eieo i?aei?e?inoa OeA.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

A oe?eiio, cai?iiiiiaai? a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaee/i? iaoa??aee iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? aeey canoinoaaiiy a i?iaeoieo i?aai?caoe?yo,
aenieoaoaoe?eieo i?ae?icae?eao OeA oa iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao aa?aoe?eiiai
i?io?eth i?e noai?aii?, iiaea?i?caoe??, aeei?enoaii? ? aea/aii? nenoai
aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI. A aeena?oaoe?? aeeiiaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c
aoaeoeaiino? o?ueio aa??aio?a i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae nenoaie ?aiiioo
I?AI OeA Aiaiee ? aenoiooa i?iiiceoe?y i?i iiaea?i?caoe?th ?nioth/i?
nenoaie ?aiiioo I?AI OeA Aiaiee, ui iieyaa? a aeei?enoaii? ia iaeiiai, a
aeaio ?aiiioieo oeaio??a iaeaaeiaiiy.

Iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo /enaeueieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino?
iioi/iiai ?aiiioo ie?aii acyoiai ae?iao ? ia?eo I?AI ai?iaaaeaeai? o
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean ia oaeoeueoao? aa?aoe?eiiai ?aae?iaeaeo?iiiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy EIOOeA, a oaeiae ia?aaeai? o aea?aeaaia i?aei?e?inoai c
ianeoaiaoaaiiy iia?o?yiiai ?ooo Oe?a?ie “Oe?aa?i?oo”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe iaea?aeai? caeiaoaa/ai
naiino?eii. Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aa?aoe?eii? o?ainii?oii? nenoaie
Aiaiee ? i?aaeiaoii? iaeano?. Aeeiiaii iinoaiiaea caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy
? iinoaiiaea caaea/ iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Naiino?eii iaea?aeai?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, aeeiiai? ?ic?aooiee a /enaeueieo i?eeeaaeao ?
i?iaaaeaia noaoenoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?e iaa?oiooaaii? iaoiaee/ieo
i?aeoiae?a, neioac? ? aiae?c? i?ia?ai ae?aaiinooaaiiy, iiaoaeia?
iaoiaeee ?ic?aooieo /enaeueieo iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? NA I?AI Aiaiee.

O ?iaio? [1] iiooea/aa? iaeaaeaoue ?aeay ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey neioaco
aeai?eoio ae?aaiinooaaiiy. O ?iaio? [2] iiooea/aa? iaeaaeaoue
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? iia?aoe?e ?aiiioo I?AI. O
?iaio? [3] iiooea/aa? iaeaaeaoue ?aeay ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey a?aooaaiiy
ai??i?ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e ae?aaiinooaaii? I?AI.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
III i?aeia?iaei?e IOE “Ay?iiaaeaaoeey-94” (aa?anaiue 1994 ?.), ia
Ca?oi?e IOE iaoeiaeo eieaeoea?a EIOOeA ca 1994 ?. (ea?oaiue 1995 ?.), ia
i?aeia?iaeieo IOE “Ay?iiaaeaaoeey-96” (aa?anaiue 1996 ?.) oa
“Ay?iiaaeaaoeey e aaeiieea-98” (aa?anaiue 1998 ?.). A iiaiiio ianyc?
?iaioa aeiiia?aeaeany ia ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?e “Aenieoaoaoe?y
? ?aiiio cania?a ?aae?ioaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a ? oi?aae?iiy
iia?o?yiei ?ooii” EIOOeA.

Ioae?eaoe??.

C oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 3 iaoeia? noaoo?, 8 oac aeiiia?aeae ? 2
iaoiaeeee.

No?oeoo?e ? ianya ?ia?o.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ? aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya neeaaea? 265
noi??iee, aeeth/ath/e 43 ?enoiee ? 14 oaaeeoeue, o?e aeiaeaoee iaaaaeai?
ia 27 noi??ieao, nienie e?oa?aoo?e c 97 iaeiaioaaiue ia 9 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooi? aeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy aeooaeueiino? i?iaeaie, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny,
iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, cai?iiiiiaaii noeneee iaeyae ci?noo
?icae?e?a ? ianyao ?iaioe, a oaeiae aeeeaaeaia iaoeiaa iiaecia,
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? aecia/ai? ia’?eo ? iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaii
iaoaiaoe/io iinoaiiaeo caaea/ aeaii? aeena?oaoe??. A i?aaeiaoi?e iaeano?
?icaeyaea?oueny i?aei?e?inoai ENANA, yea cae?enith? aea?aeaaia
?aaoethaaiiy o iaeano? ?aae?ioaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a ? OI? oa
aeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea ooieoe?e eiai aeaia?oaiaio?a. Aeyaeai? noa’?eoe
nenoaie aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI ? neeaaeaia no?oeoo?ia noaia aca?iiae?? oeeo
noa’?eo?a i?ae niaith. Aeyaeaii ?yae iaaeie?e?a a ?iaio? nenoaie
aenieoaoaoe?? iaeaaeiaiiy, ui ?icaeyioo? a aeena?oaoe?? ye ia’?eoe
aaeineiiaeaiiy. I?e aecia/aii? oeyo?a aaeineiiaeaiiy NA I?AI ? aeey
iaoaiaoe/ii? iinoaiiaee caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaany i?aeo?ae
aei i?aaenoaaeaiiy i?aaeiaoii? iaeano? o aeaeyae? oaoiieia?/ii? nenoaie.
Ocaaaeueiaiee ooieoe?iiae iieno i-? oaoiieia?/ii? nenoaie OONi()
i?aaenoaaeaii ae?acii

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i?iiiio?oueny aecia/aoe iioi/i? O?(OONi) ? iaiao?aei? O?(0)(OONi)
o?a?eoi??? i-? oaoiieia?/ii? nenoaie o oaciaiio i?inoi?? noai?a.
Aeei?enoiaoth/e iia?aoi?e ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe i-? oaoiieia?/ii?
nenoaie wmetafile8? ?? ???????????
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?MathType??`????uthY?????A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ae??oothoueny caaea/?
?ic?iaee i?aeoiae?a aei aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae NA I?AI
? oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI a Aiaie?, a oaeiae
a?aooaaiith aeo?ao ?ano?n?a ia aenieoaoaoe?th iaeaaeiaiiy. Iaoiaee/iee
i?aeo?ae aei iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae NA
I?AI o /anoei? ?aiiioo aoa ?icaeyiooee a aeaio iai?yieao. Ia?oee
iai?yiie iieyaa? a iaea?aeaii? aiae?oe/ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue, ye?
aeicaieyoue ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae nenoaie
aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI i?e aeeiiaii? ?aiiioieo ?ia?o c o?aooaaiiyi
?ioaineaiino? a?aeiia aeie?a, aeo?ao ia aeinoaaeo aeie?a, ui a?aeiiaeee
aei ?aiiioieo oeaio??a oa aeo?ao ia aeeiiaiiy ?aiiioieo ?ia?o. Nooue
cai?iiiiiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo iieyaa? a oiio, uia iaoe aeae?eueea ?aiiioieo
oeaio??a aeey ciaioaiiy noia?ieo aeo?ao ia ?aiiio iaeaaeiaiiy N().
Iaiao?aei? aeeeaaeee, aeeiiai? ia i?eeeaae? aeeneieaoe?? /ioe?ueio
aa?iii?o?a ? ii??aiyii? aeaio aa??aio?a. A ia?oiio c ieo ?aiiio
aeeiio?oueny a iaeiiio ?aiiioiiio oeaio??, a a ae?oaiio – a aeaio
oeaio?ao. ?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co iieacaee, ui i?e iaaieo
oiiaao ae?oaee aa??aio i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioo I?AI ? a?eueo aoaeoeaiei
i?ae ia?oee aa??aio.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aoee aeei?enoai? a 4-io ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? i?e
?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo /enaeueieo iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ia?eo
ae?ia?a I?AI OeA Aiaiee.

Ae?oaee iai?yiie iieyaa? a iaea?aeaii? aiae?oe/ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue ?
aeieaco oiai oaeoo, ui yeui i?e i?ecia/aii? ?aiiioo i?iaiaeeoe
eeaneo?eaoe?th a?aeiia I?AI ca ?oiueith neeaaeiino?, oi oiae? iiaeia
ciaioeoe aeo?aoe ia ?aiiio iaeaaeiaiiy. Ioe?ithaaeeny na?aaei? noia?i?
aeo?aoe ia ?aiiio ca ia??iae niinoa?aaeaiiy [0,Ti], c o?aooaaiiyi
neeaaeiino? ?aiiioieo ?ia?o, aea aac eeaneo?eaoe?? aeie?a, ui a?aeiiaeee
? c o?aooaaiiyi neeaaeiino? ?aiiioieo ?ia?o ? c eeaneo?eaoe??th aeie?a,
ui a?aeiiaeee. Ae?ac aeey na?aaei?o noia?ieo aeo?ao ia ?aiiio aac
eeaneo?eaoe?? a?aeiia ia? aeaeyae

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@A2???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy?2??n?? ???&?
?MathType??a????uthY?????aea Naeil – na?aaei? aeo?aoe ia aeinoaaeo
iaeiiai aeieo, ui a?aeiiaea, c i-ai aa?iii?oo aei Ai1, aea ?ici?uaiee
?aiiioiee oeaio?; m1(ni) – na?aaeiy noia?ia e?euee?noue aeie?a, ui
a?aeiiaeee, ye? iaaeoiaeyoue aei aieiaiiai ?aiiioiiai oeaio?o c i-ai
aa?iii?oo; N?.i? – na?aaei? aeo?aoe ia ?aiiio i?e i?inoeo a?aeiiaao;
N?.ne – na?aaei? aeo?aoe ia ?aiiio i?e neeaaeieo a?aeiiaao; q1 ? q2 –
ia’?eoeai? ?iia??iino? ianooio i?inoeo ? neeaaeieo a?aeiia.

Na?aaei? noia?i? aeo?aoe ia ?aiiio c o?aooaaiiyi neeaaeiino? ?aiiioieo
?ia?o ? c eeaneo?eaoe??th aeie?a, ui a?aeiiaeee, aecia/athoueny ye

wmetafile8? ??u???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @
7???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyya6??n?? ???&?
?MathType??a????uthY?????aea ?12 – oiiaia ?iia??i?noue i?eeiyooy
??oaiiy i?i oa, ui iaea i?noea “neeaaeia” a?aeiiaa, eiee ia’?eoeaii
noaeany “i?inoa” a?aeiiaa.

??cieoey na?aaei?o noia?ieo aeo?ao wmetafile8? ??I???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @
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?MathType??`????uthY?????A ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae c
a?aooaaiith aeo?ao ?ano?n?a ia oaoi?/io aenieoaoaoe?th I?AI. Ne?aeoth/e
i?aeoiaeo i?e ??oaii? i?iaeoieo caaea/ aeioe?eueii ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia
o?eueee iaoaiaoe/ia i/?eoaaiiy aeo?ao ?ano?n?a, aea oaeiae ?ic?aoiaoaaoe
na?aaei? eaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy oa ii?iaiaa cia/aiiy aeo?ao ?ano?n?a.
Aeey aeieaco aeioe?eueiino? aeaiiai i?aeoiaeo a ?iaio? iaaaaeaii
i?eeeaae i?iaeoii? caaea/?. sseui “N” iaoaiaoe/ia i/?eoaaiiy aa?oino?
iaeiiai ?aiiioo, a m1(n) na?aaeiy e?euee?noue a?aeiia ca ia??iae [0,Ti],
oi na?aaei? aeo?aoe ia ?aiiio aei??aiththoue R=Cm1(n). Iaoae a?aeii? U??
e?eueeino? a?aeiia f(n). Iaoae R3 caian ?ano?n?a, a Rc caeeoie ?ano?n?a.

C o?aooaaiiyi oeueiai aoei ?icaeyiooi aeiaaeie, eiee ?ano?ne R3 ?
aeanieie ?ano?naie aa?ai?aei?e?inoaa. I?e R3R aaaaea?ii, ui
i?aei?e?inoai ia? ?ano?ne aeey ?aiiioo I?AI ? ia iana aeiaeaoeiaeo
aeo?ao. I?e R30 ia aaee/eio a?ae 1,4 aei 4,1 % aeey
aaonn?ianueei? U?? f(n) ? m1(Rc)>0 ia aaee/eio a?ae 1,4 aei 5,7 % aeey
ioannii?anueeiai U?? f(n) a caeaaeiino? a?ae aaee/eie E=11,3. Oaeei
/eiii c oi/ee ci?o i?i?i?caoe?? m1(Rc) iia? i?iaeoi? ??oaiiy R’3.i?
iiaeii? oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeny a?eueoeie aeo?aoaie ?ano?n?a ia cacia/ai? aeua
aaee/eie a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeaeo f(n); yeui aea?aoe iia? i?iaeoi?
??oaiiy R’3.i?, oi ana iaeii c aaeeeith ?iia??i?noth (ii?yaeeo 0,37 ?
aeua) aoaea iaoe i?noea neooaoe?y ianoa/? ca?aca?aiaaieo ?ano?n?a, a
?acoeueoao? /iai ciaaeiaeyoueny aeiaeaoeia? ?ano?ne ? e??i oiai
ca?eueoo?oueny iai?oaeai?noue ae?iaie/eo ieai?a; c oi/ee ci?o aeeo/aiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao ia ?aiiio ? ciaioaiiy iai?oaeaiino? ae?iaie/eo
ieai?a aeioe?eueii oae aeae?aoe cia/aiiy ?ano?n?a R3 uia c caaeaiith
?iia??i?noth caaacia/oaaoe aeeiiaiiy oiiae wmetafile8?
??F??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy????? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?ya?????Aeaiee i?aeo?ae c o?aooaaiiy aeo?ao ?ano?n?a
aoa aeei?enoaiee a o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? i?e aiae?c?
aeai?eoi?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio aeie?a I?AI, ui a?aeiiaeee,
? i?e ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo /enaeueieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a
aoaeoeaiino? iioi/iiai ?aiiioo ae?ia?a I?AI ? ia?eo ae?ia?a I?AI.

A ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e oi?aae?ii?
aenieoaoaoe??th I?AI. Cai?iiiiiaaia noaia aca?iica’yceo i?aenenoai
iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy (IC) aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI, aecia/ai? ooieoe??
ie?aieo i?aenenoai IC.

?ic?iaeaia iia?aoi?ia noaia aca?iica’yceo aeai?eoi?a ia?iaee
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI, aeeiiaia
aeaoae?caoe?y aeai?eoi?a. *anoeia aeai?eoi?a aeeiio? 2-o aeueoa?iaoeaio
eieaeueio ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? NA I?AI c eiaeii? c i’yoe oe?eae ??
?iaioe, ?io? aeai?eoie aeeiiothoue 3-o aeueoa?iaoeaio ?ioaa?aeueio
ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? NA I?AI. ?icaeyiooa noaia iiaea neoaeeoe
iaoiaee/iith iniiaith aeey iiaoaeiae nenoaie eiio?ieth ? oi?aae?iiy
aoaeoeai?noth aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ae??oothoueny caaea/? ?ic?iaee i?ia?ai
ae?aaiinooaaiiy (IAe) oaoi?/iiai noaio I?AI i?e iioi/iiio ?aiiio?
iaeaaeiaiiy ? aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? IAe.

A ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaia ocaaaeueiaia no?oeoo?ia noaia ?aae?caoe??
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iioi/iiai ?aiiioo I?AI. Aeeiiaii aiae?c ?yaeo
iaoiae?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio I?AI oaeeo ye iaoiae a?eie ?
a?aieoeue, aeeiai?/iiai i?ia?aioaaiiy, iaoiae ?iia??i?noue//an, iaoiae
ia iniia? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai e?eoa??th. Aiae?c iaoiae?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy
o.n. I?AI iieacaa: a yeino? ai??i?ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ?acii ia
a?aoiaothoueny aeai? i?i ?iia??iino? a?aeiia aeaiaio?a ia’?eoo
ae?aaiinooaaiiy (IAe), i?i ?iia??iino? iiieeie 1-ai oa 2ai ?iaeo (i, i),
i?i /an eiio?ieth ae?aaiinoe/ieo ia?aiao??a tei; a?aenooi? iaoiaeeee
aiae?co IAe, ui aeicaieeee a aecia/eoe U?? aeo?ao ?ano?n?a, a oaeiae
i.i. oa n.e.a. aeo?ao ?ano?n?a; i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? aeai? i?i
ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ??cieo iaoiae?a. Ia iiaia a?aooaaiiy ai??i?ii?
noaoenoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? iiaea i?ecaanoe aei cieaeaiith aoaeoeaiino? IAe
? ioaea ca?eueoaiith iai?iaeoeoeaieo aeo?ao ?ano?n?a ia ?aae?caoe?th
?aiiioo I?AI.

Iaea?aeai? aiae?oe/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? IAe ?
i?ia?ai i?iaaaeaiiy iioi/iiai ?aiiioo (III?) I?AI. Ia a?aei?io a?ae
a?aeiieo ?acoeueoao?a oe? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeicaieythoue aecia/aoe
u?eueiino? ?iciiae?eo ?iia??iinoae aeo?ao ?ano?n?a ia ?aae?caoe?th IAe,
a oaeiae iaoaiaoe/ia i/?eoaaiiy ? aeenia?n?th aeo?ao ?ano?n?a ca oiiae,
ui ci?ii?, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeo?aoe ?ano?n?a ia aeeiiaiiy
eiio?ieueieo iia?aoe?e, iiaeooue iaoe aeia?euei? u?eueiino? ?iciiae?eo
?iia??iinoae i?e oiia?, ui ?iia??iino? iiieeie 1-ai oa 2-ai ?iaeo i?e
eiio?ie? ae?aaiinoe/ieo ia?aiao??a iiaeooue aooe a?aei?iieie a?ae ioey.

A i?ioean? ?aiiioo I?AI ?aae?cothoueny iaai?e oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e
(IOI). Aeo?aoe ?ano?n?a ia ?aae?caoe?th IOI ? nooue aeiaaeeiaeie
aaee/eiaie, oae ye aeiaaeeiaeie ?, iai?eeeaae, o?eaaeino? iia?aoe?e
eiio?ieth ?oi?o ia?aiao??a tki, o?eaaeino? iia?aoe?e cai?ie aeaiaio?a
IAe tcai. oa o?eaaeino? iia?aoe?e eiio?ieth ?iaioe ae?iao i?ney
a?aeiiaeaiiy eiai i?aoeacaeaoiino? te?e.

Ciath/e U?? oeeo ia?aiao??a ? aeei?enoiaoth/e i?aaeei ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
ia?aoai?aiiy aeiaaeeiaeo aaee/ei iiaeia aecia/eoe U?? aeey i-ai IOI i?e
a?aeiia? j-ai aeaiaioo IAe – wmetafile8? ??C???????????
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??¤??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?a2???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy 2??@?? ???&?
?MathType???????uOyY?????aea Qi – ?iia??i?noue a?aeiiae i-ai aeaiaioo
I?AI.

Ae?ac aeey f(tae) caaeiaieueiy? oiia? ii?ioaaiiy. Aeei?enoiaoth/e f(tae)
aoee aecia/ai? /enaeuei? cia/aiiy iiiaio?a aeiaaeeiai? aaee/eie tae o
aeaeyae? i.i. oa aeenia?n?? aeiaaeeiai? aaee/eie tae. Oi?ioea aeey
m1(tae) ia? ianooiiee aeaeyae

wmetafile8? ??R???????????
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???u?????????»????-?????`?¦??? r???u?th??????Aeenia?n?y
tae aecia/a?oueny ye

wmetafile8? ??g ???????????
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?MathType??P???uOyY?????Aeey ia?aa??ee i?aaeeueiino? ni?aa?aeiioaiue
aeey ?icaeyiooeo U?? ? oi?ioe aeey aecia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iiiaio?a a
?iaio? aoei iaaaaeaii noaoenoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano ae?aaiinooaaiiy
IAe yeee neeaaea?oueny c 4-o aeaiaio?a i?e ==0. Aoee iaea?aeai?
noaoenoe/i? ioe?iee i.i., aeenia?n?? oa U?? aeo?ao ?ano?n?a. Oai?aoe/ii
?ic?aoiaoaaeenue oi/eia? oa ?ioa?aaeuei? ioe?iee i.i. oa aeenia?n??
ia?aiao??a U?? aeo?ao ?ano?n?a. ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaethaaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i
i?aaeeuei?noue aiae?oe/ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue aeey U?? f(tae) ? iiiaio?a
tae.

sseui ? iioeaea i?e aei??? ia?aiao??a, oi ?iia??iino? iiieeie 1-ai oa
2-ai ?iaeo ia aei??aiththoue ioeth. sseui a IAe a?aeiiaea i-e aeaiaio,
oi e?euee?noue iaai??a oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e aaea ia aoaea
aei??aithaaoe iaeiiio, ye o aeiaaeeo eiee ==0. E?euee?noue IOI aoaea
aei??aithaaoe e?eueeino? aeaiaio?a a IAe. Ae?ac aeey o?eaaeino?
a?aeiiaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? I?AI ta? i?e 0 ? 0 ia? aeaeyae

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???u?????????»????-?????`?<??? ???`?u??? C???u?th?????????P? ???2 O???...????2AEu???i????2AE°???.????u?th??????Oiiai? U?? ? aacoiiaia U?? f(ta?) caaeiaieueiythoue oiiaai ii?ioaaiiy. A aeena?oaoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi aeaeo f(ta?) iaea?aeai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey m1(ta?) oa 2(ta?). Cai?iiiiiaaii aeaa iaoiaee ae?aaiinooaaiiy o.n. I?AI ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai e?eoa??th c eieaeueiei aecia/aiiyi oiiaii? e?eueeino? ?ioi?iaoe??, iaea?aeoaaii? i?e eiio?ie? ae?aaiinoe/ieo ia?aiao??a ? a?aooaaii? ai??i?ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ?iia??iino? a?aeiia aeaiaio?a ae?aaiinoe/ii? iiaeae?. A iaeiiio iaoiae? aeiaeaoeiai a?aoiao?oueny ai??i?ia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i /enaeuei? cia/aiiy ?iia??iinoae iiieeie 1-ai oa 2-ai ?iaeo i?e eiio?ie? ae?aaiinoe/ieo ia?aiao??a. A ?ioiio iaoiae?, e??i ia?ae?/aieo ia?aiao??a, a?aoiaothoueny o?eaaeino? eiio?ieth ae?aaiinoe/ieo ia?aiao??a. I?eaaaeaia no?oeoo?ia noaia neioaco IAe ia iniia? iaoiae?a, ui i?iiiiothoueny. Aeeiiaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? IAe ia iniia? ao?aeiiai iaoiaeo ae?aaiinoeee o.n. I?AI oa IAe, neioaciaaieo ia iniia? iaoiae?a, ui i?iiiiothoueny. Neioac ? aiae?c i?iaiaeeany aeey 6-oe iaai??a aaeoi?o wmetafile8? ??©???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ? ???&??yyyy?????AyyyAEyyya???AE?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th??????A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii aea? iaoiaeeee, ?ic?iaeai? ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo a aeena?oaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a. Ia?oa iaoiaeeea i?enay/aia ?ic?aooieo /enaeueieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioo ie?aii acyoiai ae?iao. O a?aei?io a?ae a?aeiieo ?ia?o a iaoiaeeoe? aeei?enoiaoaaany ?icoe?aiee ia?ae?e iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioo i.i., n.e.a oa ii?iaiaa cia/aiiy aa?oino?, o?eaaeino? ? o?oaeii?noeino? aeeiiaiiy ?aiiioieo ?ia?o ca ia??iae [0,Ti]. Cai?iiiiiaaiee ?iaeaia?iee i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee aeo?ao ?ano?n?a ia ?aiiio anueiai ae?iao. Ae?oaa iaoiaeeea i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi ?ic?aooieo /enaeueieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioo ia?eo ae?ia?a I?AI. Ia a?aei?io a?ae a?aeiieo ?acoeueoao?a o iaoiaeeoe? a?aoiao?oueny aieea ia iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioo ia?eo ae?ia?a ianooiieo 10-oe iniiaieo ia?aiao??a: caaaeueia e?euee?noue aa?iii?o?a, a yeeo ?ici?uai? ae?iae, ui ?aiiioothoueny; caaaeueia e?euee?noue ae?ia?a, ui aeeneieoaaeeny a ie?aii acyoiio aa?iii?oo; aeiaaeeie ia?o?oo?a aeinoaaee aeie?a, ui a?aeiiaeee c aeaiiai aa?iii?oo aei ?aiiioiiai oeaio?o; ??ci? oa?eoe aeinoaaee aeie?a aei ?Oe ca aeiiiiiaith aaoio?ainii?oo aai ca aeiiiiiaith iia?o?yiiai o?ainii?oo; oei ae?iao I?AI (ae?iae ca'yceo, iaa?aaoe??, niinoa?aaeaiiy); e?euee?noue ae?ia?a eiaeiiai oeio; e?euee?noue aeie?a, ui aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo ae?iao aeaiiai oeio; i.i oa n.e.a. o?eaaeino? a?aeiiaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? aeie?a ae?ia?a iaaiiai oeio; ?ioaineaiino? a?aeiia aeie?a ae?iao iaaiiai oeio a aeaiiio aa?iii?oo; ia??iae niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ?iaioith nenoaie ?aiiioo ia?eo ae?ia?a I?AI. I?e ioe?ioe? aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe nenoaie ?aiiioo ia?eo ae?ia?a a ?iaio? ?ic?aoiaothoueny /enaeuei? cia/aiiy noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue noia?i? aeo?aoe ?ano?n?a ia ?aiiio ae?ia?a, ye? aeeneieoaaeeny a iaeiiio aa?iii?oo, a oaeiae ae?ia?a, ui aeeneieoaaeeny a “I” aa?iii?oao ca oiiae, ui ? ?aiiioieo oeaio??a. Aei noaoenoe/ieo ia?aiao??a aoiaeeee i.i., n.e.a. oa ii?iaiaa cia/aiiy noia?ieo aeo?ao ia ?aiiio. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey m1(M;/Ti) iathoue aeaeyae wmetafile8? ??i??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyya???? ???&? ?MathType???????uthY?????wmetafile8? ??O??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?A3???&??yyyy?????Ayyyyyy?3??-?? ???&? ?MathType??a????uyY?????wmetafile8? ??,??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy????? ???&? ?MathType??p????uyY?????aea m1(N?Oe(M/Ti)) – i.i. noia?ieo aeo?ao ia ?aiiio a -i ?aiiioiiio oeaio?? (?Oe) aeie?a ae?ia?a, ui aeeneieiaai? a I aa?iii?oao; L – e?euee?noue aa?iii?o?a, c yeeo aeinoaaea aeie?a, ui a?aeiiaeee, aei ?Oe aeeiio?oueny aaoio?ainii?oii; Oa?ae.aaea – oa?eo aeinoaaee aeie?a, ui a?aeiiaeee, aa?ao?ainii?oii; i – noia?ia ?ioaineai?noue a?aeiia aeie?a an?o ae?ia?a a i-io aa?iii?oo; Si-?Oe – aeiaaeeia ia?o?ooo aeinoaaee aeie?a c i-ai aa?iii?oo aei ?Oe; m1(tl) – i.i. o?eaaeino? ?aiiioo ae?iao l-ai oeio. Iieaciee (N(M;/Ti)) aecia/a?oueny ye wmetafile8? ??wmetafile8? ??V??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?`5???&??yyyy?????Ayyyyyy 5??-?? ???&? ?MathType??a????uyY?????wmetafile8? ?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyycyyya???? ???&? ?MathType??a????uyY?????wmetafile8? ??o??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy??? ?? ???&? ?MathType???? ???u?????????"????-????? @???? o???uthY?????aea 2(N?Oe(M/Ti)) – aeenia?n?y noia?ieo aeo?ao ?ano?n?a ia ?aiiio o ?Oe aeie?a ae?ia?a, ui aeeneieiaai? a I aa?iii?oao. Aeeiiaii aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? o?ueio aa??aio?a i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae nenoaie ?aiiioo I?AI OeA a Aiaie?. Ia?oee aa??aio a?aeiineoueny aei ae?th/i? nenoaie ?aiiioo, a ye?e ?Oe ?ici?uaiee o i. Eoaiaea, ae?oa?e ? o?ao?e aa??aioe ? aeueoa?iaoeaieie i?iiiceoe?yie ? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iayai?noth aeaio ?Oe a nenoai? ?aiiioo I?AI. Aoei aeeiiaii ?ic?aooiie caeaaeiinoae i.i., n.e.a. oa ii?iaiaiai ??aiy noia?ieo aeo?ao ?ano?n?a ia ?aiiio I?AI a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiao?oe??ioo ca?eueoaiiy oa?i?io neoaeae ?aiiioieo noaiae?a o aa??aioao, ui i?iiiiothoueny, ii a?aeiioaiith aei oa?i?io neoaeae ?aiiioieo noaiae?a aaciaiai aa??aioo () aeey ??cieo cia/aiue oa?eoo aeinoaaee aeie?a iia?o?yiei o?ainii?oii (Oa?ae.aaea). Ia iniia? ?ic?aooieiaeo aeaieo iiaeia c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee: ae?oaee aa??aio i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioo ? a?eueo aoaeoeaiei, i?ae o?ao?e aa??aio; ii??aiyiiy ia?oiai ? ae?oaiai aa??aio?a i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioo ae?ia?a I?AI iieaco?, ui yeui cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o Oa?ae.aaea.=0,05 o.i./ei, oi ae?oaee aa??aio a?eueo aoaeoeaiee, i?ae ia?oee; i?e Oa?ae.aaea=0,04 o.i./ei oa 1,05 ae?oaee aa??aio i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioo I?AI oaeiae a?eueo aoaeoeaiee, i?ae ia?oee aa??aio; a oe?eiio, a?aoiaoth/e ?aaeueia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aaee/ei oa?eo?a aeinoaaee aaioaae?a ca aeiiiiiaith iia?o?yiiai o?ainii?oo ? aaoio?ainii?oo iiaeia aaaaeaoe, ui ae?oaee aa??aio i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioo I?AI c aeaiia ?Oe a aa?iii?oao i. Eoaiaea ? i. Oaiai ? a?eueo aoaeoeaiei, i?ae ?nioth/ee aa??aio i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioo ae?ia?a I?AI c iaeiei ?Oe a i. Eoaiaea. AENIIAEE 1.A yeino? ia'?eoo aeine?aeaeaiue ? iiaea?i?caoe?? aeaii? aeena?oaoe?? ? ianooiieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?iiiio?oueny ?icaeyaeaoe iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy i?ioean?a aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI, yea aeeth/a? a naaa: iaoiaee/i? iaoa??aee c aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae nenoaie aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI a /anoei? ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy oa iae?e aeo?ao ?ano?n?a a nenoai? aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI OeA; oaoiieia?? ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e oi?aae?ii? aenieoaoaoe??th I?AI ? oaoiieia?e ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio I?AI a i?ioean? iioi/iiai ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy. 2.Ia i?aenoaa? iaoiaeieia?? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aeeiiaii ocaaaeueiaio iaoaiaoe/io iinoaiiaeo caaea/? ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? /enaeueieo cia/aiue, ui neeaaeathoue aaeoi? iieno oaoiieia?/ii? nenoaie aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI, a oaeiae aeeiiaia i?eaaoia iaoaiaoe/ia iinoaiiaea caaea/? aeaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ui a noeoiiino? iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye i?aaeiao iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ? cania?a i?iaeooaaiiy nenoai aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI OeA. 3.Ne?aeoth/e iaoiaeieia?? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo, neeaaeaii no?oeoo?io noaio i?aai?caoe?? ?ia?o i?e aaeineiiaeaii? nenoaie aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI OeA Aiaiee. Noaia aeei?enoiaoaaeany i?e aiae?c? i?aaeiaoii? iaeano? oa aeae?eaii? ia'?eoo aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aiia iiaea canoiniaoaaoeny a yeino? iaoiaee/ii? iniiae i?e ?ic?iaoe? nenoaie eiio?ieth ? oi?aae?iiy aoaeoeai?noth aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI OeA Aiaiee. 4.?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae, yeee aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c aaeineiiaeaiith i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae nenoaie aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI a /anoei? ?aiiioo iaeaaeiaiiy. Aeaiee i?aeo?ae aoei iieeaaeaii a iniiao ?ic?iaeaii? a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo /enaeueieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? iioi/iiai ?aiiioo ia?eo ae?ia?a I?AI ? iiaea iaoe iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie a ieai? a?aooaaiiy a?eueoi? e?eueeino? ia?aiao??a nenoaie aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI, a oaeiae canoinoaaiiy a yeino? aeaiaioo nenoaie i?iaeooaaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy I?AI. 5.Iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aeey a?aooaaiiy aeo?ao ?ano?n?a ia aenieoaoaoe?th I?AI, ui ia a?aei?io a?ae a?aeiieo ?acoeueoao?a i?eionea? i?iaaaeaiiy ?ic?aooieo ia o?eueee iaoaiaoe/iiai i/?eoaaiiy /enaeueieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino?, aea e ?ioeo noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ui aeicaiey? a?eueo aaeaeaaoii ? c iaioeie aeo?aoaie ae??ooaaoe i?iaeoi? caaea/?, ye? aeieeathoue i?e aaeineiiaeaii? aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI. 6.Cai?iiiiiaaia no?oeoo?a iiaoaeiae nenoaie iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI oa aecia/ai? iniiai? caaea/?, ui ae??oothoueny ie?aieie i?aenenoaiaie nenoaie IC. Oey no?oeoo?a iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia i?e oi?iae?caoe?? iiene IC ? aeey eiio?ieth ooieoe?iiaeueii? iiaiioe IC. 7.?ic?iaeaia iia?aoi?ia noaia oa ?yae ?? iniiaieo aeai?eoi?a aeey ia?iaee ocaaaeueiaii? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeoiaey/e ?c noi?ioeueiaaii? a aeena?oaoe?? iaoe ?iaioe NA I?AI. Oey noaia iiaea aooe iaoiaee/iith iniiaith i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy nenoaie eiio?ieth ? oi?aae?iiy aoaeoeai?noth aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI. 8.?ic?iaeaii aeaa iaoiaee ae?aaiinooaaiiy o.n. I?AI ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai e?eoa??th c eieaeueiei aecia/aiiyi oiiaii? e?eueeino? ?ioi?iaoe??. A iaeiiio c iaoiae?a a?aoiao?oueny ai??i?ia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i ?iia??iino? a?aeiia aeaiaio?a ae?aaiinoe/ii? iiaeae?, /enaeuei? cia/aiiy ?iia??iinoae iiieeie 1-ai oa 2-ai ?iaeo i?e eiio?ie? ae?aaiinoe/ieo ia?aiao??a, a a ?ioiio iaoiae?, e??i ia?ae?/aieo ia?aiao??a a?aoiaothoueny o?eaaeino? eiio?ieth ae?aaiinoe/ieo ia?aiao??a. 9.?ic?iaeaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? i?ia?ai ae?aaiinooaaiiy ? i?ia?ai i?iaaaeaiiy iioi/iiai ?aiiioo I?AI. Ia a?aei?io a?ae a?aeiieo ?acoeueoao?a oe? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeicaieythoue aecia/aoe u?eueiino? ?iciiae?eo ?iia??iinoae, iaoaiaoe/ia i/?eoaaiiy ? aeenia?n?th aeo?ao ?ano?n?a ca oiiae, ui aeo?aoe ?ano?n?a iiaeooue iaoe aeia?euei? u?eueiino? ?iciiae?eo ?iia??iinoae ? oiia?, ui ?iia??iino? iiieeie 1-ai oa 2-ai ?iaeo i?e eiio?ie? ia?aiao??a iiaeooue aooe a?aei?iieie a?ae ioey. Oe? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeicaieythoue a?eueo aaeaeaaoii ioe?ithaaoe aeo?aoe ?ano?n?a ia aenieoaoaoe?th I?AI. 10.Aeeiiaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? i?ia?ai ae?aaiinooaaiiy ia iniia? ao?aeiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai e?eoa??th ? i?ia?ai neioaciaaieo ia iniia? aeaio iaoiae?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy, ui i?iiiiothoueny. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iieacaa: a) i?ia?aie ae?aaiinooaaiiy, neioaciaai? ia iniia? iaoiae?a, ui i?iiiiothoueny, a?eueo aoaeoeai?, i?ae ao?aeia i?ia?aia ae?aaiinooaaiiy; a) c iaoiae?a, ui i?iiiiothoueny a?eueo aoaeoeaiei ? oie, ui aeicaiey? a?aooaaoe a?eueoa ai??i?ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ia?aiao?e ia'?eoo ae?aaiinooaaiiy oa nenoaie eiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy. 11.?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo oaeeo /enaeueieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioo ie?aii acyoiai ae?iao I?AI ye i.i., n.e.a. oa ii?iaiaeo cia/aiue aa?oino?, o?eaaeino? ? o?oaeii?noeino? ?aiiioieo ?ia?o. 12.?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo /enaeueieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioo ia?eo ae?ia?a I?AI. Ia a?aei?io a?ae a?aeiieo ?acoeueoao?a: a) iaoiaeeea aeicaiey? a?aoiaoaaoe aieea ia iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie ?aiiioo ae?ia?a I?AI 10-oe ?? iniiaieo ia?aiao??a; a) i?e ioe?ioe? aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe nenoaie ?aiiioo ae?ia?a ?ic?aoiaothoueny /enaeuei? cia/aiiy i.i., n.e.a. oa ii?iaia? cia/aiiy noia?ieo aeo?ao ia ?aiiio, ui aeicaiey? a?eueo aaeaeaaoii ioe?ieoe aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeo?aoe. Ia iniia? oe??? iaoiaeeee aeeiiaii aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? 3-o aa??aio?a i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae nenoaie ?aiiioo I?AI OeA Aiaiee, iaeei c yeeo a?aeiia?aea? ae?th/?e nenoai? ?aiiioo, a aeaa – aeueoa?iaoeaiei aa??aioai i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioo. A ?acoeueoao? ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co aa??aio?a aenoiooa i?iiiceoe?y i?i iiaea?i?caoe?th ?nioth/i? nenoaie ?aiiioo I?AI OeA Aiaiee, ui iieyaa? o aeei?enoaii? ia iaeiiai, a aeaio ?aiiioieo oeaio??a. NIENIE ?IA?O, UI IIOAE?EOAAEENss 1. Ioaeeiaa A?iaiaeo, Uaaethe TH.A. Aeai?eoi aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey. //I?iaeaiu aaeiieee: Ca. iao/i. o?. - K.: EIOOeA, 1997.- N. 83-86. 2. Nieiiaioeaa A.A., Ioaeeiaa A?iaiaeo. Aii?inu aiaeeca yooaeoeaiinoe oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee yenieoaoaoeee iacaiiuo ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiuo nenoai //I?iaeaiu aaeiieee: Na. iao/. o?.- E.: EIOOeA, 1997.- C. 80-82. 3. Nieiiaioeaa A.A., Ioaeeiaa A?iaiaeo, Uaaethe TH.A. Ia o/aoa ai?ei?iue eioi?iaoeee i?e aeeaaiinoe?iaaiee ninoiyiey aaeaoeeiiiie oaoieee //I?iaeaiu yenieoaoaoeee e iaaeaaeiinoe AO.: Na. iao/i. o?. - E.: EIOOeA, 1997.- C. 121-123. 4. Ioaeeiaa A?iaiaeo. Ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee ?aiiioa ?YI //I?iaeaiu niaa?oainoaiaaiey ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiuo eiiieaenia e nenoai iaania/aiey iieaoia. Oac. aeiee. III iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee "Ay?iiaaeaaoeey - 94".- E.: EIOAA, 1994.- C.14. 5. Ioaeeiaa A. Iainiiaaiea o?aaiaaiee e ia?aiao?ai oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee ?aiiioa ?YI //Caioia iaoeiai-oaoii/ia eiio. iaoeiaeo eieeaeoea?a oieaa?neoaoo ca 1994?. Oac.aeiee. - E.: EIOAA, 1995.- C.63. 6. Ioaeeiaa A?iaiaeo. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea nenoaiu OI e ? iacaiiiai ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey AA Aiaieu //I?iaeaiu niaa?oainoaiaaiey nenoai ay?iiaaeaaoeeiiiiai ianeoaeeaaiey e oi?aaeaiey iiaeaeaeiuie iauaeoaie. Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii - oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee "Ay?iiaaeaaoeey 96". - E.: EIOAA, 1996.- C.86. 7. Ioaeeiaa A?iaiaeo, A.TH Oania. Eiiiuethoa?iay i?ia?aiia aeey aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey ninoiyiey ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey //I?iaeaiu niaa?oainoaiaaiey nenoai ay?iiaaeaaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey ianeoaeeaaiey e oi?aaeaiey iiaeaeaeiuie iauaeoaie. Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee "Ay?iiaaeaaoeey-96". - E.: EIOAA, 1996.- C.86. 8. Nieiiaioeaa A.A., Ioaeeiaa A. Aiaeec aa?eaioia i?aaiecaoeeiiiiai iino?iaiey no?oeoo? ?aiiioa ?YI //I?iaeaiu niaa?oainoaiaaiey ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiuo eiiieaenia e nenoai iaania/aiey - iieaoia. Oac. aeiee. III iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee "Ay?iiaaeaaoeey-94".- E.: EIOAA, 1994.- C.14. 9. Nieiiaioeaa A.A., Uaaethe TH.A., Ioaeeiaa A.. Ia iaeiii aeai?eoia ioeaiee ia?aiao?ia ?ani?aaeaeaiey //Caioia iaoeiai-oaoii/ia eiio. iaoeiaeo eieeaeoea?a oieaa?neoaoo ca 1994 ?. Oac. aeiee. - E.: EIOAA, 1995.- C.63. 10. Ioaeeiaa A?iaiaeo Iainiiaaiea i?aaeeiaeaiee ii iiaea?iecaoeee iino?iaiey nenoaiu ?aiiioa iacaiiiai ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey a Aiaiea //I?iaeaiu ?acaeoey nenoai ay?iiaaeaaoeeiiiiai ianeoaeeaaiey e aaeiieee aicaeooiuo noaeia. Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee "Ay?iiaaeaaoeey e aaeiieea -98".- E.: EIOAA, 1998.- C.76. 11. Nieiiaioeaa A.A., Ioaeeiaa A?iaiaeo, Uaaethe TH.A. Iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa /eneaiiuo cia/aiee iieacaoaeae yooaeoeaiinoe ?aiiioa ia?ea iacaiiiai ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey //I?iaeaiu ?acaeoey nenoai ay?iiaaeaaoeeiiiiai ianeoaeeaaiey e aaeiieee aicaeooiuo noaeia. Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee "Ay?iiaaeaaoeey e aaeiieea  98".- E.: EIOAA, 1998.- C.75. A?iaiaeo Ioaeeiaa. Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy oaoi?/ii? aenieoaoaoe?? iacaiiiai ?aae?iaeaeo?iiiiai iaeaaeiaiiy oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Aiaiee. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe c niaoe?aeueiino? 05.22.14 - Aenieoaoaoe?y iia?o?yiiai o?ainii?oo. – Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, Ee?a, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aaeineiiaeaiith iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy i?ioean?a oaoi?/ii? aenieoaoaoe?? iacaiiiai ?aae?iaeaeo?iiiiai iaeaaeiaiiy oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Aiaiee. ?ic?iaeaii aeaa iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiaee aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae nenoaie aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI ? aeey ioe?iee aeo?ao ?ano?n?a a i?e. Cai?iiiiiaaia no?oeoo?a iiaoaeiae nenoaie iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy aenieoaoaoe?? I?AI, ?ic?iaeaia iia?aoi?ia noaia oa ?yae iniiaieo aeai?eoi?a aeey ia?iaee ocaaaeueiaii? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??. ?ic?iaeai? aeaa iaoiaeo ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio I?AI ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? i?ia?ai ae?aaiinooaaiiy ? i?iaaaeaiiy iioi/iiai ?aiiioo I?AI. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo /enaeueieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a ?aiiioo ie?aii acyoiai ae?iao, a oaeiae ia?eo ae?ia?a I?AI. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aenieoaoaoe?y I?AI, iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy, i?aai?caoe?y, oi?aae?iiy, iioi/iee ?aiiio iaeaaeiaiiy, neioac, aiae?c aeai?eoi?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy, iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aoaeoeaiino?. A?iaiaeo Ioaeeiaa. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea iaoiaee/aneiai iaania/aiey oaoie/aneie yenieoaoaoeee iacaiiiai ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee Aiaieu. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.22.14 - Yenieoaoaoeey aicaeooiiai o?ainii?oa. – Eeaaneee iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oieaa?neoao a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee, Eeaa, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia niaa?oainoaiaaieth iaoiaee/aneiai iaania/aiey i?ioeannia oaoie/aneie yenieoaoaoeee iacaiiiai ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee Aiaieu. ?ac?aaioaiu aeaa iaoiaee/aneeo iiaeoiaea aeey iainiiaaiey ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?aaiecaoeeiiiiio iino?iaieth nenoaiu yenieoaoaoeee I?YI e aeey ioeaiee cao?ao ?ano?nia a iae. I?aaeeiaeaia no?oeoo?a iino?iaiey nenoaiu iaoiaee/aneiai iaania/aiey yenieoaoaoeee I?YI, ?ac?aaioaia iia?aoi?iay noaia e ?yae iniiaiuo aeai?eoiia aeey ia?aaioee iaiauaiiie oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneie eioi?iaoeee. ?ac?aaioaiu aeaa iaoiaea aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey I?YI e niioiioaiey aeey aiaeeca yooaeoeaiinoe i?ia?aii aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey e i?iaaaeaiey oaeouaai ?aiiioa I?YI. ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeeee ?an/aoa /eneaiiuo cia/aiee iieacaoaeae ?aiiioa ioaeaeueii acyoiai ecaeaeey, a oaeaea ia?ea ecaeaeee I?YI. Eeth/aaua neiaa: yenieoaoaoeey I?YI, iaoiaee/aneia iaania/aiea, i?aaiecaoeey, oi?aaeaiea, oaeouee ?aiiio iai?oaeiaaiey, neioac, aiaeec aeai?eoi aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey, iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa yooaeoeaiinoe. Armando Muginga. Perfection of methodics maintenance of technical operation of ground avionics the civil aviation of Angola. – Manuscript. Dissertation for scientific Degree of the Candidate of Science (Engineering) in the Speciality 05.22.14 - Air Transport Operation. - Kiev International University of Civil Aviation, Kiev, 1998. The thesis is devoted to perfecting of methodics supply of the ground radioelectronic equipment operation organisation and control in the Civil Aviation of Angola and also improvement of its maintenance technologies. Two methodics approaches for motivation of the recommendations in organisational formation of the ground radioelectronic equipment operation system and fat evaluation of resources outlay by equipment maintenance are designed. It is proposed the structure of formation of the ground radioelectronic equipment methodical supply system and developed scheme and principal algorithms for generalised technical and economic information processing. It may elaborated two methods of diagnosing of the ground radioelectronic equipment and correlation for analysis of efficiency of diagnosing and ground radioelectronic equipment maintenance running repair realisation programs. Key word: operation ground avionics, methodical maintenance, organisation, management, operating repair of the equipment, synthesis, analysis algorithm of diagnosing, technique of account efficiency.

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