AeI??IIAO?IANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Ia
i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE (091)
(477) «164»

*I?IEE IEAENAIAe? IEAEN?EIAE*

A*AIIss I?I ETHAeEIO *A?I?A?ANUeEIAI

E?OA?AOO?II-O?EINIONUeEIAI EIEA

(ae?oaa iie. XVII- ia?oa iie. XVIII no.)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.05 —

?noi??y o?einio??

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a *a?i?a?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? O.A.Oaa/aiea ia eaoaae?? o?einio??.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaa/aiei
Aieiaeeie? ?naeiae/, *a?i?a?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? O.A.Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?einio?? .

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Ae/ei Aaea Ei?i??aia,

Ee?anueeee oaao?aeueiee ?inoeooo

?i. I.Ea?iaiea-Ea?iai, eaoaae?a noniieueieo iaoe.

Eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio Aa?iee Ieaenaiae?
Aaneeueiae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a o?einio??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa- ?inoeooo o?einio?? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ?noi??? o?einio?? Oe?a?ie .

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 15 » n?/iy 1999 ?ieo i «14» aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.03.01.17. i?e
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? (320625, IIN.
i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?-o Aaaa??ia, 72, ei?. N 1, aoae. » 307 » ).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee
«14» a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio
A.A. O?eaoia.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ianooaai?noue noni?eueieo ia?aoai?aiue noaaeoue ia?iae, aea?aeaao,
iaoeiao a?iiaaenuee?noue Oe?a?ie ia?aae caaaeaiiyi iiaeeaeaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii? naiiaecia/aiiino? na?aae ia?iae?a na?oo, i?aai?caoe??
aoaeoeaieo oi?i aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ia aeani?e nioe?ieoeueoo?i?e iniia?.
Ae??oaiith oaeeo caaaeaiue ni?ey? a?oioiaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi???
o?einionueeeo canaae eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa.

O?einionueea aeoiea oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo eiioeaio?o? a nia?
iaeoa?aeoa?i?o? a?oaoeie oa ia?aaeeaie iaoe?iiaeueiiai
eoeueoo?ioai?aiiy, a a?aeoae neoao? aaaeeeaei iaoiaeieia?/iei /eiieeii
iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino?, i???ioe?ii a ?ic?iaoe? ??cieo aniaeo?a
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee, caniaii iaa?oiooaaiiy iiai? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii?
nenoaie, oi?iith ?ioai?aoaoe?? caeiaooe?a iaoee ? oaoi?ee o eiioaeno?
iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
o?einio??, a naith /a?ao, iiaeii? a?aoiaoaaoe iio?aae no/aniiai aoaio
aeooiaiiai aeeooy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

Iniaeeao ?ieue a ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? o?einio?? iin?aea? eeane/ia
aeiaa, oiaoi o?einionueea aeoiea XVII-XVIII no. Oiae? a Oe?a?i?, ye ? a
a?eueoino? e?a?i ?a?iie, noai?ththoueny o? canaaee o?einionueeiai
na?oi?icoi?iiy, eio?? aecia/athoue oaiaeaioe?? o?einionueei? eoeueoo?e
Oe?a?ie aae aei iaoeo aei?a.

Oae? ieneeoae? oe??? aeiae, ye I.Iiaeea, ?.A?caeue, E.Aa?aiiae/,
?.Aaeyoianueeee, ?.I?iianueeee, I.Ao/einueeee-ssneieueae, E.E?uiiiae/ oa
?io?, ?ic?iaeythoue o?einionuee? iiaeyaee ia na?o, ethaeeio,
noni?euenoai, aea?aeaao oiui, ia a?oio? yeeo ?ooa?oueny oe?a?inueea
o?einionueea aeoiea XIX-XX no. Oiio ia aeeaii, ui eeane/ia aeiaa
oe?a?inueei? o?einio?? aeeeeea? aei naaa i?aeaeuaio oaaao na?aae a/aieo
a Oe?a?i? ? ca ?? iaaeaie.

I?e/iio o aea/aii? eeane/ii? aeiae oe?a?inueei? o?einio?? ana a?eueoo
cia/ou?noue iaaoaathoue aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?ia?aeieo
ina?aaee?a o?einionueei? aeoiee, yeeie a oeae ia??iae iinoathoue Ee?a,
Euea?a oa *a?i?a?a. Iaea?eueoa oaaaa iei? i?eae?ey?oueny o?einionueeei
i?ioeanai XVI-XVIII no., ye? a?aeaoaaeenue a Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? oa
Ee?auei?. Aea iaeaea ia aeine?aeaeaiith caeeoa?oueny oai?/?noue
*a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea. I?i eiai ?nioaaiiy
aia?oa caaaeoaaee Noioeia I.O. oa Iiiia I.I. ?acii c ieie iiaeaii
eiinoaooaaoe, ui o?einio?y oeueiai iaoi?iaeueiiai ia’?aeiaiiy
caeeoa?oueny ii noo? ia aea/aiith. I?eiaeii?, aeiaeii? eieae, a ye?e ae
ocaaaeueiaii aiae?coaaeany o?einio?y oeueiai ia’?aeiaiiy, aai aeaaaeanue
oa?aeoa?enoeea iaei??? ?c noi??i oe??? o?einio??, iaia?. ?acii c oei,
*a?i?a?anueea eiei oi/ ? ? nai???aeiei i?iaeiaaeaiiyi o?einio??
Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? aeaaeai?? ia caieyo E?aiaa?aaeii? Oe?a?ie o aeiao
eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai aa?iei, iin?aea? o nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio i?ioean?
Oe?a?ie iniaeeaa i?noea. Aiii coiiaeaii oei niaoeeo?/iei noaoonii, yeee
caeiaea Aaoueiaiueia, ye eicaoeueea aea?aeaaa, a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie
XVII-XVIII no.

I?aoey ae?y/?a *a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea ye
ienueiaiiee?a, iiao?a, iie?oee?a ? aiaineia?a ia??iaeo XVII-XVIII no. ia
Oe?a?i? iaaecae/aeii iii?oia. Aoeei-o?einionuee? oa iiaoe/i? oai?e
ieneeoae?a, ?o i?iiia?ae?, aiaine?anueei-iieai?/i? o?aeoaoe, ai?noiey?ia
niaaeueia, ooai?ththoue aaaeeeao noi??ieo a?o/eciyii? ?noi???. I?ioa ?o
na?oiaeyaeii-o?einionueea aeoiea iio?aao? ua ?aoaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
e inieneaiiy.

Aeaia oaa?aeaeaiiy ia caia?a/o? aaeeeee aei?iaie oaeeo aeine?aeiee?a
?noi??? oe?a?inueei? o?einio??, ye A.E.Ae/ei, ?.A.Ae/ei, I.?.Aiaoaiei,
A.N.Ai?nueeee, A.I.I?/ee, ss.I.No?ao?e, A.?.Oeiea?oe oa aaaaoueio ?ioeo.
Io?eiai? ieie ?acoeueoaoe aeiiiiaaathoue aecia/eoe ianya
iaaeine?aeaeaiiiai, ia?aeoe aei a?eueo aeaoaeueiiai aiae?co
o?einionueei? aeoiee Oe?a?ie XVII-XVIII no., nie?ath/enue ia oai?e
ieneeoae?a *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea.

Aeena?oaio ona?aeiieth?, ui aea/aiiy o?einio?? *a?i?a?anueeiai oai?/iai
eiea XVII-XVIII no.- oea aaeeea ca ianyaii ? e?ii?oea ?iaioa, yeo
iiaeooue aeeiiaoe oi?iaeiaae o?eaaeiai /ano o?eueee aaaaoi
aeine?aeiee?a. Oiio aaoi? cina?aaeea oaaao ia ieoaiiyo ethaeeiiciaanoaa,
eio?? ?ic?iaeyee i?aaenoaaieee *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea. Oaeee aniaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeooae?co?oueny oei, ui ? a iao /an aeeneooo?oueny i?iaeaia oe?a?inueei?
ethaeeie. Iiae?ai? i?iaeaie, i?aeoe/ii aia?oa, /?oei noaaeeeny naia
ieneeoaeyie *a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea XVII-XVIII
no.

I?e/iio ieoaiiy aio?iiieia??, ui aiae?coaaee E.Aa?aiiae/,
?.Aaeyoianueeee, ?.Iaeneiiae/, ?.I?iianueeee, I.Ao/einueeee-ssneieueae
oa ?io? ieneeoae? (ethaeeia ? na?o ethaeeie, ethaeeia ? noni?euenoai,
i?e?iaea ethaeeie, ethaenueea aecenoaioe?y, ia?niaeoeae aeeooy ethaeeie
a Oe?a?i? oiui), ia?aaoeothoueny ?c ieoaiiyie, ye? noaaeyoueny
no/aniith oe?a?inueeith o?einionueeith aeoieith.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi? aaa/a?, ioaea, o
oiio, ui a iueiio ?iaeoueny ia?oa ni?iaa eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
a/aiiy i?i ethaeeio a *a?i?a?anueeiio e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiio eie?
XVII-XVIII no. Oea ni?eyoeia aeeaoiio ?icoi?iith ianooaaiino? oaia??oi?o
i?iaeai aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa a Oe?a?i?, a?oioiai?oiio inieneaiith
oe?a?inueei? o?einio??, ?? ca’yce?a ?c iaoe?iiaeueiith eoeueoo?ith, ?c
caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeeie o?einionueeeie oa nioe?ieoeueoo?ieie
oaiaeaioe?yie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeooaeueia oaeiae ? oei, ui aia?oa ?iaeoueny ni?iaa
i?ine?aeeoaaoe ?oo o?einionueei? aeoiee a?ae aeciaiiai ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai
oeaio?o Oe?a?ie — Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? aeaaeai?? — ia E?aiaa?aaei?e
Oe?a?i?. Aaeaea naia a *a?i?aia? iinoa? ae?oaee, i?ney
Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? aeaaeai??, a Oe?a?i? ? ia?oee ia E?aiaa?aaeae?
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e oeaio? — *a?i?a?anueeee eieaa?oi (1700?.).

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, oaeei /eiii, aecia/a?oueny:

— iio?aaaie i?ciaiiy ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? o?einio?? acaaae?, oa i?noey
a i?e ae?y/?a *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea XVII-XVIII no., cie?aia;

— caaaeueiei i?aeaeuaiyi oaaae aei aio?iiieia?/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee c
iaeyaeo ia no/aniee noai na?oiai? eoeueoo?e ? a na?oe? aea?aeaaiiai
aoae?aieoeoaa a Oe?a?i?;

— iaiao?aei?noth inieneaiiy oai?/i? niaaeueie *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea, aiae?co aio?iiieia?/ieo i?iaeai o
oai?ao eiai ae?y/?a, aeine?aeaeaiiy ?o aianeo a nea?aieoeth oe?a?inueei?
o?einionueei? aeoiee.

Ana oea aeicaieeoue e?aua i???iooaaoenue a noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo
i?ioeanao ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, aeanoue iiaeeea?noue iineeeoe na?oiaeyaeiee
aniaeo iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe o aocao ? oeieao, ni?eyoeia
iiaeaeueoiio iinooio eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie, ?icoe?eoue oyaeaiiy i?i ci?no ?
iniaeeaino? oe?a?inueei? o?einio??.

Ia’?eoii iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? o?einionueea niaaeueia ieneeoae?a
*a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea XVII-XVIII no.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?iaeaiaoeea ethaeeie o o?einionueeeo
oai?ao ae?y/?a *a?i?a?anueeiai oai?/iai eiea, ui ae?yei ia ceai?
XVII-XVIII no. ia Oe?a?i?.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??. Aa?o/e aei oaaae oa, ui ia aeaiee /an a
oe?a?inuee?e ?noi?eei-o?einionuee?e e?oa?aoo?? ia aeine?aeaeaia
oai?/?noue ieneeoae?a *a?i?a?anueeiai a/aiiai eiea a oe?eiio ?, cie?aia,
eiai a/aiiy i?i ethaeeio, aeena?oaio noaaeoue ca iaoo i?iaiae?coaaoe
aio?iiieia?/io i?iaeaiaoeeo ? ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ?? caaaeuei? iniaeeaino?,
aeanoea? oai?ai ae?y/?a *a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea
ae?oai? iieiaeie XVII- ii/aoeo XVIII no.

I?e ?aae?caoe?? iaoe aaoi? noaaeoue oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. I?iaiae?coaaoe iaoeiao e?oa?aoo?o, a ye?e i?yii /e iiina?aaeeiaaii
?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy ethaeeiiciaanoaa o *a?i?a?anueeiio
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiio eie?.

2. Noi?ioethaaoe iniiai? iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee oa iaoiaee/i? i?eeiie
ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo aaaeaoueny aeine?aeaeaiiy.

3. Aeae?eeoe caaaeueiio?einionuee? iiaeyaee a/aieo *a?i?a?anueeiai
ao?oo ia ethaeeio, cie?aia, ia ?? i?e?iaeo, ii?aeue oa ?nioaaiiy.

4. C’ynoaaoe iniaeeaino? noaaeaiiy i?aaenoaaiee?a *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea XVII-XVIII no. aei iaoee ? ina?oe,
ieoaiue noni?eueii? ceaaiaee oa na?oiai? ooieoe?? ethaeeie.

5. Ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe aianie ae?y/?a *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea o o?einionueeo
aio?iiieia?th ia Oe?a?i?.

Aieiaia iaoa iieyaa? a aiae?c? aio?iiieia?/ieo i?iaeai o oai?ao a/aieo
*a?i?a?anueeiai eiea, ?o oai?/iai aianeo a ?noi??th o?einionueei? aeoiee
Oe?a?ie XVII-XVIII no., oa?aeoa?enoeoe? oeo eiioeaiooaeueieo iiaeyae?a
ieneeoae?a, ye? caeeoathoueny aeooaeueieie aeey aeine?aeiee?a no/anieo
i?iaeai noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy a Oe?a?i?.

?aae?coth/e iaoo, aeena?oaio cono??any c oneeaaeiaiiyie. Aaeaea ?c
aaaaoueio aeanyoe?a oai??a, iaienaieo ae?y/aie *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea XVII-XVIII no. eaoeinueeith,
oea?eiaii-neia’yinueeith /e iieuenueeith iiaaie, ia no/anio oe?a?inueeo
? ?in?enueeo iiae ia?aeeaaeaii eeoa aeae?eueea. Oae, a e?ioe? XIX no.
iioae?eiaaii eenoe E.Aa?aiiae/a, aeaye? aeia??ee ?c eieae ?.Iaeneiiae/a
«?ee?io?ii?ii», a oaeiae ie?ai? iaaaeee? i?iiia?ae? ae?y/?a
*a?i?a?anueeiai eiea. A iao /an aoei ia?aeeaaeaii ? iaae?oeiaaii ie?ai?
a??o? E.Aa?aiiae/a, ?.Iaeneiiae/a, I.Ao/einueeiai-ssneieueaea,
?.I?iianueeiai, Ae.Ooioaea, E.E?uiiiae/a, ?.Aaee/eianueeiai. Oaeiae aoei
iaae?oeiaaii «Eeth/ ?icoi?iiy» ?iaiee?y Aaeyoianueeiai. *anoeia
ai?noiey?ii? niaaeueie ae?y/?a *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea ua o XIX noie?oo?
aeaacaia a Iieueuo.

Oiio aaoi?, a iniiaiiio, cina?aaeea naith oaaao ia oai?ao, ye?
iaienai? oea?eiaii-neia’yinueeith oa noa?ioe?a?inueeith iiaaie ?
ciaoiaeyoueny a oiiaeao *a?i?a?anueeiai ?noi?e/iiai iocath, a?ae?ioaoe?
I?aeeinueeiai iaaeoi?aa?neoaoo oa o a?aeae?e? noa?iae?oe?a
Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee ?iai? A.Aa?iaaenueeiai. Aaciaeie oai?aie aeey
aaoi?a aeena?oaoe?? noaee: i?aoe? ooiaeaoi?a *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea
E.Aa?aiiae/a «Ia/ aeooiaiee» (1666?.), «O?oau neiaan i?iiiaaaeiuo ia
aeie ia?i/eouy» (1674?.), «Lutnia Apollinowa»(1671?.), «Nowa miara,
sterey Wiary» (1676?.), «O?eiaeeii» (1685?.); I.Iaeneiiae/a: «Aeoaaeo
nia?ai» (1705?.), «Eaiii Aiai?iaeeoeu» (1709?.); ?.Aaeyoianueeiai:
«Eeth/ ?icoi?iiy» (1985?.); ?.I?iianueeiai: «Niaca aei?iaiai eai?iiy»
(1693?.), «Aaaaoee naae» (1705?.). Aeei?enoai? e ?io? oai?e ieneeoae?a
oeueiai eiea.

Oai?aoe/iith oa iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy
aio?iiieia?/ieo ieoaiue, ui noaaeyoueny o oai?ao ae?y/?a *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea XVII-XVIII no., ? iaoiaeieia?/i?
i???ioe?e aiae?co ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? o?einio??, ye? ?ic?iaeai?
i?ioyaii 60-90-o ?ie?a a/aieie ?inoeoooo o?einio?? IAI Oe?a?ie,
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo «Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea aeaaeai?y», Euea?anueeiai,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai oi?aa?neoao?a oa ?ioeo iaoeiaeo ? iaa/aeueieo
caeeaae?a Oe?a?ie.

Ia nueiaiaei? ?noi?eee oe?a?inueei? o?einionueei? aeoiee, aaaaea?
aeena?oaio, ?ooathoueny a aiae?oeei-i?aaeiaoiiio iai?yieo
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aea/athoue ie?ai? oai?e, aeieoiaioe aai oaeoe c ?noi???
o?einionueei? aeoiee Oe?a?ie. Aeaiee i?aeo?ae aei ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
o?einio?? aeicaiey? aeeaoa aeine?aeeoe ?noi?eei-o?einionueeee iinooi
XVII-XVIII no. ? a?aee?eaaoe iia? aeaea?aea o?einionueei? aeoiee.
Aeena?oaio aeio?eio?oueny oeueiai iai?yieo, ai oea aea? iiaeeea?noue
eiie?aoii aiae?coaaoe iniaeeaino? ae??oaiiy i?iaeai ethaeeie o oai?ao
ieneeoae?a *a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea.

?acii c oeei iiaeia aeae?eeoe ?ioee iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae, nooue
yeiai iieyaa? a aiae?c? iaoe?iiaeueii? ? na?oiai? cia/ouino?
oe?a?inueei? o?einio??. Aeaia iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiiy, aaaaea?
aeena?oaio, i?aaenoaaeaia ?iaioaie ?.A.Ae/ea, A.I.I?/ee, I.?.Aiaoaiea,
I.A.Eaooae oa ?ioeo a/aieo. Nie?ath/enue ia ?o i?aoe? aeena?oaio i?e
aiae?c? aeaea?ae XVII-XVIII no. ea?oaaany oaeeie i?eioeeiaie ye:
aoiai?ci, aio?iiioeaio?eci oa aecenoaioe?aeuei?noue, eio??
aeiiiiaaathoue inyaiooe o?einionueei-aio?iiieia?/io eiioeaioe?th, oeiiao
aeey ieneeoae?a *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea.

Iniiaieie iaoiaeieia?/ieie /eiieeaie aeey aeena?oaioa aoee oaeiae
aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae oe?a?inueei? oa naioiai? o?einionueei?
eoeueoo?e, ye? ?ic?iaeyeenue A.E.Ae/ei, A.N.Ai?nueeei, ?.N.Caoa?ith,
A.A.Ca?/aieii, A.Ae.Eeoaeiiaei, A.N.E?niaei, A.N.E?ena/aieii,
?.A.Iai?iaeieeii, ?.A.Ianeaanueeei, O.?.I?ieio?aei, A.I.Iaio?eiaei,
A.?.Aeaieeaieii, I.Ae.?iaiae/ai, ss.I.No?ao?e, C.?.Oeaeiye,
A.?.Oaa/aieii, A.?.Oeiea?oeii, A.?.Ooa?iei oa aeayeeie ?ioeie
aeine?aeieeaie.

Iiae?ai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i???ioe?e a aeine?aeaeaiiyo o?einionueei?
eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie aeanoea? i?aaenoaaieeai ca?oa?aeii? oe?a?i?noeee:
Ae.Aeiioeiao, O.Caeeaeaeuenueeiio, A.Aeiie/aieo, I.Eoeue/eoeueeiio,
A.Eeieinueeiio, ?.Eenye-?oaeieoeueeiio, Ae.*eaeaanueeiio oiui.

Ii/eiath/e c 60-o ?ie?a XX noie?ooy oe?a?inueeeie a/aieie I.A.Eiii?iei,
I.A.Iiiiae/ai, N.A.E?einueeei, A.I.I?/ee, ?.A.Ae/eii, ?.E.Aeno?eoeueeei,
?.A.?aaiiaei, I.I.Aoeaoiaei, E.I.Iaeeoei, A.A.Oaaa/eianueeei oa ?ioeie
?ic?iaeythoueny eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy i?i aaaeeea?noue
eoeueoo?ii-oai?/iai i?aeoiaeo, ye ooiaeaiaioaeueiiai i?eioeeio aea/aiiy
o?einio??. Oea iaoe?eth? ian i?aeoiaeeoe aei ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
o?einio?? ye aei ae?yeuei?niiai i?ioeano, iniiao yeiai neeaaea?
oai?aoe/ia a?aeoai?aiiy nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
ethaeeie. Aeaiee iai?yiie i?iaeiaaeo? o?aaeeoe?? oe?a?inueei? aeoiee,
eio?a aaea o XVII-XVIII no. aeooae?coaaea aio?iiieia?/io i?iaeaiaoeeo,
?icaeyaeaea ?? o ca’yceo c na?oiaeyaeii-eoeueoo?ieie o?aaeeoe?yie
Oe?a?ie. ?ic?iaeyee iiae?aio i?iaeaiaoeeo o nai?o o?einionueeeo iiooeao
A.Neiai?iaea, I.TH?eaae/, I.Aiaieue oa ?io? ieneeoae? ye? nie?aeeny ia
ia?iaeiee na?oiaeyae ? a?oaoeie eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie. I?ci?oa, oeae
i?aeo?ae i?aeo?eioaaee ?.O?aiei, I.A?ooaanueeee, A.Aeiie/aiei oa ?io?
aeine?aeieee, ui c?iaeee nooo?aee aianie o aea/aiiy aio?iiieia?/ii?
i?iaeaiaoeee.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e aio?iiieia?/io i?iaeaiaoeeo o oai?ao ieneeoae?a
*a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea XVII-XVIII no.,
aeena?oaio a iniiaiiio ei?enoo?oueny iaoeiai-oaeoieia?/iei iaoiaeii, aea
a?aoiao? ? o? eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy oa i?aeoiaee
?noi?eei-o?einionueei? iaoiaeieia??, ye? caaaeai? aeua. Ana oea
aeicaiey? anaa?/i?oa aiae?coaaoe iiaeyaee ae?y/?a *a?i?a?anueeiai
a/aiiai ao?oo ia ethaeeio, ?icaeyaeaoe ?o a/aiiy ye aaaeeeaee ? cia/ouee
oaeo a ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? o?einionueei? aeoiee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aeena?oaio aia?oa a
?noi?eei-o?einionuee?e e?oa?aoo?? ?iaeoue ni?iao eiiieaeniiai aiae?co
aio?iiieia?? *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy
anoaiiaeaii:

1. Aio?iiieia?y *a?i?a?anueeiai oai?/iai eiea aia?oa a ?noi???
oe?a?inueei? o?einionueei? aeoiee ia?aoiaeeoue aei ?ic?iaee
aecenoaioe?aeueieo ieoaiue aeeooy «i?inoi?» ethaeeie, ye? i?aeoe/ii ia
aea/ai?. Ia?aiiiith nii/aoeo aoea caai?iia Iineianueei? iao??a?o??
(ae?oaa iieiaeia XVII no.), a iio?i ?aeaieia?/i? noa?aioeie ?
iaaeineiiaea iaoiaeieia?y ( ii/aoie ? na?aaeeia XX no.).

2. Iiai?io aei ieoaiue ?nioaaiiy i?inoi? ethaeeie
eiioeaio?iaaii ae?aaea?oueny eiioeaioe??th «iiaiai Aaeaia», yeo
?ic?iaeyee /a?i?a?anuee? ieneeoae?, ia?aaeon?i ooiaeaoi?
iaoeiai-ina?oiueiai ina?aaeeo E.Aa?aiiae/ o 70o-80o ?ieao XVII no.

3. Iniiaiith aecenoaioe?aeueiith iciaeith ethaeeie
i?aaenoaaieee *a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea aaaaeaee
naiaiaeo, nia?oo ia ii?aeueii oiioeaiaaiee aea??.

4. Aecia/aeueiith i?aenoaaith ethaenueei? naiaiaee i?aaenoaaieee
*a?i?a?anueeiai eiea aaaaeaee aoeei-aoiai?noe/ia ianiaa ia?aoai?aiiy
«i?inoeo» ? «ae?aai?o» ethaeae o «iiaeo», caniaaie yeiai ? iaoea,
ina?oa, aeia?i/eiia aeeooy.

5. O?einioe aeiae ooai?aiiy ? ?icea?oo Aaoueiaiueie
aaaaeaee, ui noia?a/iino? noaiiaiai noni?euenoaa Oe?a?ie XVII no. iiaeia
? iio??aii iiaeieaoe ia aei?iaao ii?aeueiiai iiiaeaiiy, ?aoe?iiae?caoe??
noaiiaeo a?aeiinei, cai?ie ae?? «ia aainue»(E.Aa?aiiae/.) iie?oeeith, ui
nie?a?oueny ia iaoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? oa o?aaeeoe??.

6. Ae?y/? *a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai
eiea na?oiaa i?ecia/aiiy ethaeeie aaa/athoue ia?aaeon?i o ie?i?e
ceaaiaeaeai?e ni?ai?aoe? c ?ioeie ethaeueie, o oi?ioaaii? oaeiai
iie?oeei-aea?aeaaiiai ii?yaeeo, i?e yeiio ethaee «oyaiou ae?oa e ae?oao
iinyo». Oiaoi, ceaaiaeaeaii eiiiainothoue «iaiiue ae?oa ae?oaa».

Aeena?oaio iaa?oioiao?, ui no/ania iaoiaeieia?y
?noi?eei-o?einionueeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaiey? ?ice?eoe aeaea?aea
o?einionueei? aio?iiieia?? ieneeoae?a *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea XVII-XVIII noie?oue, ye? aa?ooue na?e
ii/aoie a?ae oe?a?inueei? i?oioai?/ino? ? aeeth/athoue a naaa iniiai?
eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee a?aei-?einueei? oa o?enoeyinueei? o?einio??.
Nie?ath/enue ia aeai? aeaea?aea, /a?i?a?anuee? ieneeoae? aiae?coaaee
i?iaeaie ethaeeie o aeineoue i?ea?iaeueiiio noee?, yeee oa?aeoa?iee
aeey ia??iaeo oe?a?inueeiai aa?iei ae?oai? iieiaeie XVII no.

Aiane?aeie aiae?co oai??a ae?y/?a *a?i?a?anueeiai iaoeiaiai ao?oo
aeyaeaii, ui aio?iiieia?/ia a/aiiy ?ic?iaeyeiny ieie o o?niiio ca’yceo
c i?oieia?/ieie, aiie?eo?/ieie oa a?ae?eieie nthaeaoaie ? neiaieaie
aeey e?auiai ni?eeiyooy eiai ianaeaiiyi Oe?a?ie. Aea aeaia neiaie?ea
oaeiae ia?aaeaaaea ?aoe?iiaeueii-iaoeiaee nain. Oae, ethaeeia
oeoia/eeany ye i?e?ieini, ui ia’?aeio? a nia? ana na?oiaa ?icia?ooy.
Aeoeaioo?oueny oaaaa ia i??i?eoaoiino? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ii/aoeo o
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie.

Aeena?oaioii aeiaaaeaii, ui i?e/eio a?ei, ?ica?aoo,
ianoaa?eueiino? a noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie ae?oai?
iieiaeie XVII no. ieneeoae? *a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai
eiea aaa/aee o iaaeie?eao aeoiaaiiy ? aeeooy ethaeeie, a?aenooiino?
?aeeii? eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiuei? e?i?? aea?aeaaieo i?aaeoae?a, ?o
ii?aeuei?e neaaeino?. ?c neooaoe??, a ye?e iieieeenue ethaee Oe?a?ie
e?ioey XVII noie?ooy, ieneeoae? *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea aaa/aee aeo?ae a oiio, uia iie?aueoe
ethaenueea aeeooy, aeiei??iii ci?ieaoe ii?aeue. Eeoa oaeei /eiii
iiaeeeaa iiiaeaiiy ethaeeie. No?eaeaiue eiioeaioe?? ooai?th?
i???ioaoe?y ethaeeie ia aeineiiaeee ?aeaae, yeei, c ?o iiaeyaeo, aoa
ia?ac O?enoa. Aeaiee ia?ac, aaaeaeiny, ii?aeioaaa a nia? o? ?ene
ethaeeie, ye? iaiao?aei? aeey uaneeaiai aeeooy: ioae??noue, naiaiaeo,
aeia?ioo, aeoeai?noue, a?aei?noue oiui.

Aeena?oaioii oaeiae anoaiiaeaii, ui a/ai? *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea XVII-XVIII no. i?iaeiaaeothoue
?ic?iaeyoe ethaeeiiciaa/o i?iaeaiaoeeo, yea iii?oia o oai?ao ?o
iiia?aaeieea- /a?i?a?anueeiai a?o?iaiae?eoa Ee?eea
O?aiea?e?iia-Noaa?iaaoeueeiai, aea aaciina?aaeiuei i?eieea? aei
aio?iiieia?/ieo ?aeae Iao?a Iiaeee .

Ieneeoae? *a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea
XVII-XVIII no. nai?i aio?iiieia?/iei a/aiiyi caaaaoeee ?noi??th
oe?a?inueei? o?einionueei? aeoiee, a?aee o/anoue o noai?aii?
ooiaeaiaioa aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy a Oe?a?i? ethaeeiiciaa/i? i?iaeaiaoeee o
ianooiieo noie?ooyo.

Oai?aoe/ia e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe??. A?aeiia?aeii aei
iaoe oa caaaeaiue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aaaeeea? aeey ?noi??? ethaeeiiciaa/i? i?iaeaiaoeee a oe?a?inuee?e
o?einionuee?e aeoioe?. Aiie aeoeaioothoue oaaao ia i?ea?iaeueiino?
o?einionueeiai ieneaiiy ae?y/?a *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea, ye i?aaenoaaiee?a eoeueoo?e
oe?a?inueeiai aa?iei ae?oai? iieiaeie XVII no.

Aea/aiiy aio?iiieia?/iiai a/aiiy ae?y/?a *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea
aeicaiey? aeeaoa c’ynoaaoe nooue noia?a/iinoae aeeooy a Oe?a?i? XVII-
XVIII no., oi/i?oa i?ine?aeeoaaoe noaiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e,
?? aieea ia ethaeeio ? noni?eueia aeeooy a Oe?a?i? oiai /ano.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee oa iaa?oioiaai? ia
?o iniia? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
o?einioaie, iie?oieiaaie, eoeueoo?ieiaaie, iaaeaaiaaie e ?noi?eeaie i?e
aiae?c? aio?iiieia?/ieo oai eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai aa?iei. ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue oaeiae i?e
?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeieia?/ieo aniaeo?a iie?oeee oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, i?e
aea/aii? na?oiaeyaeii-o?einionueeeo iniia nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai i?ioeano a
Oe?a?i?, i?e aiae?c? ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? o?einio?? oa ?? ca’yce?a ?c
ca?oa?aeiith o?einio??th, i?e o?einionueeiio iaa?oiooaaii?
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo i?ia?ai o aocao, eieaaeaeao, oeieao, o
aeeeaaeaoeuee?e oa i?ina?oieoeuee?e ?iaio?.

*anoeiai iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeeny eaoaae?ith
o?einio?? *a?i?a?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
O.A.Oaa/aiea. Cie?aia, iaoa??aee aeei?enoai? aeeeaaea/aie i?e ?ic?iaoe?
eo?n?a: «O?einio?y: ?noi??y ? no/ani?noue», «Iniiai? i?iaeaie
oe?a?inueei? o?einio??», «Iaoiaeieia?y ?noi?e/iiai i?ciaiiy».
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iniaenoi aeena?oaioii i?e
/eoaii? eo?no o?einio?? a *AeIO ?i.
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********aioai *AeIO ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea (1997-1998??.), a oaeiae o aenooiao
ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo ? nai?ia?ao: «Ee?a a ?noi??? o?einio??» (Ee?a,
1996), «Ethaeeia, noni?euenoai ? eoeueoo?a: ?noi??y oa no/ani?noue»
(*a?i?a?a, 1996), «Eoeueoo?a E?aiaa?aaeii? Oe?a?ie» (I?aeei, 1996),
«Ia?o? o?einionuee? /eoaiiy iai’yo? A.?aaiiaa» (Ee?a, 1996),
«*a?i?a?anueeee eieaa?oi ye eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e oeaio? Oe?a?ie XVIII
no.» (*a?i?a?a, 1997), «O?einionuee? /eoaiiy iai’yo? I.Eiii?ia» (Ee?a,
1997), «O?einionueea aio?iiieia?y oa nioe?ieoeueoo?i? i?ioeane ia
Aaoueiaiuei?» (*a?i?a?a, 1998), o iaoeiaeo /eoaiiyo, i?enay/aieo
900-??//th oai?o «Iia/aiiy ae?oyi» A.Iiiiiaoa (*a?i?a?a, 1997) oa ?ioeo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia iaoith, caaaeaiiyie ? eia?eith
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aiia neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
iiae?eaieo ia i?ae?icae?ee, aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ?ice?eaa?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, oi?ioeththoueny iaoa,
caaaeaiiy oa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeacothoueny ?noi?eei-o?einionuee?
aeaea?aea, iaa?oioiao?oueny iaoiaeieia?y eiai aeeiiaiiy. ?iaeyoueny
iniiai? aaoi?nuee? aeniiaee, iieaco?oueny aeioe?euei?noue oai?aoe/iiai ?
i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a .

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — «Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? oa
iaoiaeieia?y aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy» — aiae?cothoueny
?noi?e-ei-o?einionuee? aniaeoe ?icaeyaeo oaie aeena?oaoe?? a iaoeia?e
e?oa?aoo??.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/eoue, ui a ?noi?eei-o?einionueeiio
ieai? ia aeaiee /an eiiieaenii aio?iiieia?/ia i?iaeaiaoeea oai??a
ieneeoae?a *a?i?a?anueeiai a/aiiai ao?oo XVII-XVIII no. ia
aeine?aeaeaia. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oeueiai oaeoo aeena?oaio ciaoiaeeoue ua
a 1685 ?ioe?, eiee Iineianueeith iao??a?o??th aoei caai?iiaii oai?e
oe?a?inueeeo ieneeoae?a, na?aae ieo ? ?iaioe ae?y/?a *a?i?a?anueeiai
eiea, aeey aeei?enoaiiy c ina?oiueith ? oea?eiaii-aiaineoaeaaiith iaoith
ia oa?eoi??? ?in?? oa Oe?a?ie. ?o e?oa?aoo?i?, iniaeeai
o?einionueei-oaieia?/i?, oai?e aoee i?aeaeai? noai??e oeaico?? ?
caai?ii?. Caai?iieaoe oai?e aeiae oe?a?inueeiai aa?iei, iineianueeee
iao??a?oao i?ae aee?aneea ?c ?noi??? cia/iee ieano eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie
XVII-XVIII no., ui i?aaenoaaeya oyaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo i?i
ethaeeio, na?o, ?? aeeooy o na?o?, iioeae iiaaae?iee, naiiona?aeiieaiiy
oiui.

?ai?aneaia iie?oeea ?iia?nueeiai o?yaeo uiaei oe?a?inueei? iiae oa
eoeueoo?e aoe?eiio, yea iineeeeanue a?ae 20-o ?ie?a XVIII no., noaaeea
cia/i? ia?aiiie ? o noa?? aeine?aeaeaiue o?einionueei-aio?iiieia?/ii?
aeoiee, oe?iei i?aaenoaaeaii? a oe?a?iiiiai?e e?oa?aoo?? oa iiac??.
A?aoiaoth/e caaaeaia aeua, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui ??oaiiy
oea?eiaieo ? o?yaeiaeo e?e ?in?enueei? ?iia??? noaee cia/iei aaeueiii ia
oeyoo iaoeiaiai aea/aiiy o?einionueeeo iiaeyae?a aaoi??a aeiae
oe?a?inueeiai aa?iei.

Aeena?oaio a?aecia/a?, ui c na?aaeeie XIX no. iaoeiaoe? ii/eiathoue
aeine?aeaeoaaoe e?oa?aoo?ii-iiaoe/io, a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/io oa
oea?eiaii-aiaine?anueeo ae?yeuei?noue E.Aa?aiiae/a, ?.Aaeyoianueeiai,
?.I?iianueeiai, ?.Iaeneiiae/a oa ?ioeo ae?y/?a eiea. Iaaieioo?oueny, ui
o aeine?aeaeaiiyo XIX no. ia?aaaaea? ?noi?eei-e?oa?aoo?iee i?aeo?ae aei
?o oai?/ino?, o ?aieao yeiai o?einionueei-aio?iiieia?/ia i?iaeaiaoeea
?icaeyaeaeanue eeoa aeioe/ii. ?iaioe iaoeiaoe?a oeueiai ia??iaeo-
I.Aoeaaeiaa, N.Aieoa?aa, I.Iioi?aeeinueeiai, A.No?i?aa, I.Noioeiaa oa
aeayeeo ?ioeo,- aiae?cothoue ae?yeuei?noue ia an?o ae?y/?a
*a?i?a?anueeiai eiea a eiiieaen?, a eeoa oeo, ooi caneoaiaoaaa ia ?o
oaaao. Caaaeai? aaoi?e a?aecia/aee o E.Aa?aiiae/a, ?.Aaeyoianueeiai oa
?ioeo, oo?aioo ca aeaeeaaiiy ethaeeie a oiai/aniiio noni?euenoa?, ui a
oeaio?? ?o oaaae aoea ethaeeia c iaeath/ith «?ne?ith iaoe?iiaeueii?
iaei?in?enueei? naiina?aeiiino?». Aea ?ica?aeee caaaeaieo aaoi??a XIX
no. ia ? o?einionueeeie. Aiie eeoa iia?aeii ca/?iathoue aeaye?
aio?iiieia?/i? i?iaeaie. Niaoe?aeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy o?einio??
ieneeoae?a *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea, aeeth/ath/e aio?iiieia?/io
i?iaeaiaoeeo, o XIX no. ia i?iaiaeeeenue. Aieiaia oe?ii?noue i?aoeue
caaaeaieo a/aieo o oiio, ui aiie aaea o XIX no. caii/aoeiaothoue
a?oioiaia aea/aiiy oai?/ino? oe?a?inueeeo ieneeoae?a XVII-XVIII no.,a
oiio /ene? ae?y/?a *a?i?a?anueeiai ao?oo.

Aeioe?eueii i?aee?aneeoe, ui a e?ioe? XIX ia ii/aoeo XX no., ii?yae c
iiceoeaieie ioe?ieaie i?aoe? aeayeeo ae?y/?a c *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea,
iiyaeeany ? e?eoeea ?o oai?/ino?. Iai?eeeaae, I.Aiciye, ?.O?aiei oa
?io? a?aeii? aeine?aeieee, e?eoeeoaaee E.Aa?aiiae/a oa ?.Iaeneiiae/a ca
oeaneea?noue aei ?in?enueeiai oea?y, neaae?noue i?iiia?aeieoeueeeo oa
iiaoe/ieo oai??a. I?ioa oey e?eoeea ia iineea aeiaiaoe/iee oa?aeoa?,
eiaeai aeine?aeiee iaa naith oi/eo ci?o. Cie?aia, A.Ia?aooe oa I.Iiiia
aeacoaaee ia oa, ui aeaye? ?c aaoi??a e?eoeeoaaee ae?y/?a XVII-XVIII no.
eeoa ca oa, ui aiie ia aienoaaeenue o ?o noa?aioeii? ?aioe?. Aaeaea
a?oioiaiee aiae?c eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai aa?iei, ye niaoeeo?/iiai
ia??iaeo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, ia oie /an iaoeiaoeyie ia i?iaiaeeany.

Oea niiioea? aeena?oaioa noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iaoiaeieia?y, yeith
ei?enooaaeenue aeine?aeieee e?ioey XIX ii/aoeo XX no., ia aeaaaea
iiaeeeaino? ia’?eoeaii ioe?ieoe oai?/?noue oe?a?inueeeo ieneeoae?a
XVII-XVIII no.

C ae?oai? iieiaeie XX no., a?aeaoaa?oueny iiai?io aei aiae?co
o?einio?? ieneeoae?a XVII-XVIII no. Ooo ne?ae a?aecia/eoe iaoeia? i?aoe?
o?einio?a A.TH.?aaeieeiaiea oa A.N.Aeieo?e/aiea. Oi/ ?o aeine?aeaeaiiy
o?einionueeeo iiaeyae?a ooiaeaoi?a *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea E.Aa?aiiae/a
nie?athoueny ia noaie ia?enenonueei-eai?inueei? iaoiaeieia??, aea aiie
i?iaaaeai? a ?noi?eei-o?einionueeiio ieai? ? a?aee?eaathoue iai iaai?
aio?iiieia?/i? ?aea?. Aeine?aeieee aeoeaioothoue oaaao ia oiio, ui
E.Aa?aiiae/, a?aeoai?thth/e o nai?o oai?ao ? eenoao oiai/anio
ae?eni?noue oe?a?inueeiai aeeooy, iinoa? ia?aae iaie ye aoiai?no. Aeaia
oaa?aeaeaiiy, ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, noino?oueny ? ?.Aaeyoianueeiai,
?.Iaeneiiae/a, I.Ao/einueeiai-ssneieueaea, E.E?uiiiae/a oa ?ioeo ae?y/?a
*a?i?a?anueeiai eiea.

Aa?o/e ia ica?i?iiy iaoiaeieia?th ?noi?eei-o?einionueeiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iniiai? eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy yei? ?ic?iaeythoueny
c 60-o ?ie?a XX no. iaoeiaoeyie Oe?a?ie, aeena?oaio i?aee?aneth?
iniaeea?noue ?ic?iaee ethaeeiiciaa/i? i?iaeaiaoeee o o?einio??
XVII-XVIII no., yea oa?aeoa?ia neiaie?/i?noth oa aeaai?e/i?noth.
Aiane?aeie oeueiai ia?aie?oaeeny aeania o?einionuee? iiaeyaee oa ?aea?
i?oieia?? ? o?enoeyinueei? ?ae?a??. Oea i?eoaiaiia e oai?/ino?
*a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea.

Aeena?oaio i?e oeueiio aeae?ey? ?iaioo A.I.Iaea?iaa «Na?oei
oe?a?inueeiai aa?iei»(1994?.), aea i?aeoe/ii aia?oa iai?/a?oueny aiae?c
o?einionueeeo iiaeyae?a ia aeeooy ethaeeie ieneeoae?a *a?i?a?anueeiai
oai?/iai eiea a oe?eiio. Ooo aia?oa oai?e ae?y/?a eiea aiae?cothoueny
eiiieaenii, oiaoi ye aaoi?e, ye? iaeaaeaee aei oeueiai ao?oea ?
aeio?eioaaeeny ni?eueii? eiioeaioe??. A.Iaea?ia aeiaiaeeoue, ui
oe?a?inuee? ieneeoae? e?ioey XVII ii/aoeo XVIII no. noiyee ia iaeiiio
??ai? ?c cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeie. Caiaeii i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui ?iaioa
A.Iaea?iaa, oi/ ? ia? ?noi?eei-e?oa?aoo?iee ci?no, aea aeoeaioo? oaaao
ia aaaaoueio aio?iiieia?/ieo i?iaeaiao ? aei?aaey? aeaye? iiieeeia?
oaa?aeaeaiiy iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeiee?a.

Aeena?oaio a?aecia/a? oaeiae, ui inoaii?ie ?ieaie na?aae
?noi?ee?a o?einio?? iiaeaaaeany ?ioa?an aei i?iaeai ethaeeie oa ??cieo
aniaeo?a ?? aeeooy. C oeueiai i?eaiaeo iaaieioo?oueny ia aeine?aeaeaii?
A.I.I?/ee «Iao?i Iiaeea a aeooiai?e ?noi??? Oe?a?ie»(1997?.), aea
eiioeaio?o?oueny cia/iee iaoeiai-aio?iiieia?/iee aiae?c oai?/ino?
ieneeoae?a XVII no. ? iiaeaii iia? iaoiaeieia?/i? /eiieee aeine?aeaeaiiy
?noi??? oe?a?inueei? o?einio?? oeueiai ia??iaeo. Oaeiae caneoaiao? ia
oaaao eieaeoeaia iiiia?ao?y i?ae ?aaeaeoe??th I.A.Eaooae «I?iaeaia
ethaeeie a oe?a?inuee?e o?einio?? XVI-XVIII no.»(1998?.), aea
aiae?co?oueny aaiethoe?y ?icoi?iiy ethaeeie a oe?a?inuee?e aeooiai?e
eoeueoo??. Aea aeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy, oi/ ? i?ine?aeeiaothoue o?ae
?noi?eei-o?einionueeiai i?ioeano XVI-XVIII no. ia Oe?a?i? /a?ac i?ecio
ethaeeie, i?ioa niaoe?aeueii ia aea/athoue oai?/ee aei?iaie ieneeoae?a
*a?i?a?anueeiai eiea o aaeoc? aio?iiieia?/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee. Aei oeueiai
/ano a?i caeeoa?oueny iaeaea ia aea/aiei.

Aa?o/e aei oaaae noai ? iaoiaeieia?th aeine?aeaeaiiy oaie
aeena?oaoe?? a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??, aeena?oaio, a ae?oaiio ?icae?e?
«Ieoaiiy i?e?iaee ethaeeie a aio?iiieia?? *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea» ?icaeyaea? iniiai? aeaea?aea, ia oe?
yeeo oi?ioaaeinue caaaeueia aa/aiiy i?iaeai ethaeeie ieneeoaeyie
*a?i?a?anueeiai oai?/iai eiea. Oea ia?aaeaa/a? aeyaeaiiy oeo ?en
oe?a?inueei? iaioaeueiino?, ye? ai?iaeiaae a?e?a aeeaeee aeaio
i?iaeaiaoeeo ? iathoue aeeaiea ei??iiy a ia?iaeiiio oieueeei?? ?
i?oieia??. Iniaeea?noth nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai i?ioeano a Oe?a?i? XVII-XVIII
no. ? nai???aeia c?iuaiiy na?aaeiueia?/ieo, ?aianainii-?aoi?iaoe?eieo oa
i?ina?oieoeueeeo iiaeyae?a, ye? o e?a?iao Cao?aeii? ?a?iie iaee iaaio
/aniao ?iciaaeiaai?noue.

Oe?a?inueea eoeueoo?a XVII-XVIII no. i?ae aoaea, aae?aea a naaa
iaeaecia/i?o? caeiaooee ?a?iiaenueei? eoeueoo?e, caa??aath/e i?e oeueiio
nai? iaoe?iiaeueia iaee//y. Aeaia oaiaeaioe?y i?inoaaeo?oueny ? o
oai?/ino? ieneeoae?a *a?i?a?anueeiai ao?oo. A aeena?oaoe?? aeaco?oueny
ia ca’ycie o?einionueeeo iiaeyae?a ieneeoae?a, ?o a/aiiy i?i ethaeeio,
c oe?a?inueeith eaceiai-i?oieia?/iith o?aaeeoe??th. Ia?o ca ana, oea
i?iyaey?oueny o oiio, ye a/ai? ao?oo ?ici??eiaothoue iaae i?iaeaiaie
aeeooy ethaeeie o na?o?, aeyaeyth/e i?e oeueiio aeeaie? ciaiiy
cao?aeii? o?einio?? oa oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e .

I?aee?aneth?oueny iniaeea?noue ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie i?e?ieinio. A/ai?
*a?i?a?anueeiai eiea ?icoi?ee i?e?ieini ia ye ethaenueeo
?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue, a ye ethaenueeee ??ae a oe?eiio, ui ca nai?i
iioiaeaeaiiyi ? ?nioaaiiyi nie?a?oueny ia anth no?oeoo?o na?oo ? ia?
aeanoeaino? noaieini? na?oiaiio ?icia?ooth. Oea cia/eoue, ui ie?aia
ethaeeia ae?? ia ca iao?e/iei i?eioeeiii, a a?aeiia?aeii aei oiia
eiaeii? eiie?aoii? neooaoe??, aeoiaey/e ?c iayieo cania?a ae??, ?a/ae,
ianoaaei ? ethaenueeeo ciaiue. Aeena?oaio aeine?aeaeo? i?iaeaii?
ieoaiiy aeeooy ethaeeie, ae??ooth/e ye? a/ai? ao?oea aeei?enoiaoaaee
ia?iaeiee oieueeei? oa eaceiai-i?oieia?/i? nthaeaoe. Ii?yae c oeei
cia/ia oaaaa ieie iaaeaaaeany a?ae?eiei ia?niiaaeai: ?nono O?enoo, Ae?a?
Ia???, Eaca?o, ia?ace yeeo, caaaeyee ienoaoeueeiio oenoo ae?y/?a eiea,
ia?aie?oaeeny ?c nthaeaoaie oe?a?inueeeo eacie, eaaaiae, i?o?a. Ioaea,
ca’ycie o?einionueeeo iiaeyae?a ae?y/?a eiea c oe?a?inueeith i?oieia??th
ia? ??ciiiai?oi? oi?ie, o?aoiao?, niaoeeo?eo iaoe?iiaeueii?
iaioaeueiino?.

Caa?oath/enue o nai?o oai?ao aei ii?ae? ethaeeie, ye iieacaii a
aeena?oaoe??, a/ai? *a?i?a?anueeiai ina?aaeeo a?oioiaii aeei?enoiaoaaee
o?einionueeo aaco iao?enoeee. Aiie nie?athoueny ia o?einionuee? iiaeyaee
?.Cieioionoiai, A.Aaeeeiai, A.Aiaineiaa, A.Aaaonoeia, ?.Aeaiane?ia oa
?ioeo iao??a?o?a.

Aaoi? iaaieioo?, ui nooo?ai aieeioee ia a/aieo *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea
ii?aeueii-o?einionuee? eiioeaioe?? noi?e?a. ?icaeyaeath/e ieoaiiy
ethaenueei? ii?ae?, a/ai? aeyaeythoue ??ciia?/ia ciaiiy oai??a Naiaee,
Caiiia, Ai?eo?a, Ae?iaaia Neiiinueeiai oiui.

Ii?aeue ethaeeie o?aeoo?oueny ae?y/aie *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea XVII-XVIII
no. ye neea, iieeeeaia cae?enieoe aa?iii?th iniae e noni?euenoaa. Aiia
aiaeth? aei na?aeiiino?, nia?no?, ioae?ino?. Oeeo yeinoae a/ai?
/a?i?a?aoe? aeiaaaee ? a?ae i?aaeoaey, ye «o?einioa ia o?ii?». Ae?y/?
eiea a??eee, ui eiaeia ethaeeia iiaea i?aeiyoeny aei aoe/ii?
aeineiiaeino?, /a?ac yeo iiaeeeaa uanoy o caiiiio aeeoo?.

Oaeiae a ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iieacaii, ui ieneeoae? *a?i?a?anueeiai
oai?/iai eiea a?aeia?aaeaee o nai?o i?aoeyo iniiai? ?ene aeiae
oe?a?inueeiai aa?iei.

Aaoi? aeiaiaeeoue, ui noeeue ? eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee ieneeoae?a
*a?i?a?anueeiai eiea ia ? iiaoi?aiiyi aai ?ioa?i?aoaoe??th oai??a
aioe/ieo, o?enoeyinueeeo oa cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo o?einio?a. A/ai?
*a?i?a?anueeiai ao?oo ?icaeaathoue nai? ?aea?, aeath/e a?aeiia?ae? ia o?
i?iaeaie ethaenueei? naiaiaee, ui oaeethaaee oe?a?inueeee ia?iae, oi/
aio?iiieia?/ia i?iaeaiaoeea, aaaaea? aeena?oaio, ia ia? ei?aeii?a.
I?ina?oieee c *a?i?aiaa aaaeaee iaa/aoe ethaeae ?aoe?iiaeueiiio aeeooth,
aeiiiiiaoe ?i na?aeiii aecia/eoenue o na?o?.

Oae /e ?iaeoa, aea caaaeai? oaiaeaioe?? icia/aee caa?oaiiy
/a?i?a?anueeeo i?ina?oiee?a aei i?iaeai ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeeooy ethaeae.
Iaeaaaeeea?oeie aiie aaaaeaee ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c? noaaeaiiyi aei
iaoee, iaa?oiooaaiiyi ?aeiino? ? ceaaiaee a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa?.
Oeueiio i?enay/o?oueny o?ao?e ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? i?ae iacaith
«?aoe?iiaeuei? canaaee ethaenueeiai aoooy».

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iaaieioo?oueny, ui ae?y/? *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea XVII-XVIII no. o a/aii? i?i
?aoe?iiaeuei? i?aenoaae ethaenueeiai aoooy aeneiaethaaee iioei?noe/i?, a
a aeayeeo aniaeoao ? ooii?/i? aeoiee. Ae?y/? eiea aaaaeaee, ui aeani?
i?iaeaie ethaee iiaeooue ae??oeoe nai?, ea?oth/enue aenieeie aoe/ieie
i?eioeeiaie «iiaiai Aaeaia», oiaoi O?enoa. Oea ia? aooe no?eaeiaaith
aeoieith, ui ea?o? aioo??oi?i ia?aoai?aiiyi eiaeii? ethaeeie ? cao?oiao?
an?o ia i?eioeeiao ni?eueii? a??e a iaeio aea?aeaao ? iaeia
noni?euenoai.

Nie?ath/enue ia ii?aoeueiaaiee iaoa??ae ? aeaea?aea, eiinoaoo?ii, ui
aeo?aei? canaaee a/aiiy i?i ethaeeio ? iaoeo, ethaeeio ? noni?eueio
ceaaiaeo, i?ecia/aiiy ethaeeie a caiiiio aooo?, caeeaaeathoueny a
oe?a?inuee?e o?einionuee?e aeoioe? ua a?ae /an?a Ee?anueei? ?on?. A
*a?i?a?anueeiio eie? aiie ia?ainieneththoueny ? ao?eththoueny a
eiioeaioe?th «iiai? ethaeeie», yeo iaa?oioiaoaaa, ia?aaeon?i,
E.Aa?aiiae/. Aiia ciaeoea nai? oi?ie ?ic?iaee oaeiae o oai?ao
?.Aaeyoianueeiai, ?.Iaeneiiae/a, Ae.Ooioaea, ?.I?iianueeiai,
E.E?uiiiae/a, I.Ao/einueeiai-ssneieueaea oa ?ioeo.

Ethaeeia, aaaeaee ieneeoae? ao?oo, ca aeiiiiiaith iaoee (o?einio??) ?
a??e, iiaeiia aioo??oiuei ia?aoai?eoeny o «iiao» ethaeeio, noai?eaoe i?e
oeueiio iiaee noni?eueiee ii?yaeie. I?iaeaio noai?aiiy oaeiai ii?yaeeo
ieneeoae? *a?i?a?anueeiai ao?oo ae??oothoue ye i?ecia/aiiy ethaeeie a
caiiiio aooo?. Nooue i?iaeaie iieyaa? a oiio, ui ethaeeia, c iaeiiai
aieo, iaiaaeaia oei i?inoi?ii na?oiaoooy, yeee aiia naia oiiaii aecia/a?
ye noa?o aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, aea aiia ona?aeiieth? ? iai?/ nai?o
iiaeeeainoae, eio?? noaaeyoue i?ae noii?a i?aaaeea?noue oiai na?oo, yeee
ia?aae iath iinoa?. Ca?aene aeieea? i?iaeaia ia o?eueee iiaiioe
ethaenueeeo ciaiue, aea e iiaiioe ci?noo ethaenueeiai aeeooy, eiai
iai?ae?iaeaiiino? oa ?noeiiino?. Oaea aeeooy, c iiaeyaeo ieneeoae?a
*a?i?a?anueeiai eiea, iiaeooue caii/aoeoaaoe eeoa «iia?» ethaee,
noni?euenoai yeeo ia? nie?aoeny ia ia neeo ? ca?ith, a ia ceaaiaeo ?
aca?iiaeiiiiiao. A?ae «iiaeo» ethaeae caeaaeeoaia eaae o noni?euenoa?,
iaae?ei?noue aeeoo?caaacia/aiiy ia?iaeo, oa?aeoa? ni?eeoaaiiy ? aeiey
Oe?a?ie.

Aiae?coth/e oai?/?noue ieneeoae?a *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea XVII-XVIII no., ie ciaoiaeeii a iueiio
ca?iaeee ooii?/iiai a/aiiy, iniiao yeiai neeaaea? ia?aoai?aiiy
noni?euenoaa /a?ac naiiiiiaeaiiy ethaeeie. Ethaeeia i?e oeueiio ia?
oiiae?aieoeny ?aeaaeo O?enoa. I?e/iio aeeooy ethaeeie ia? aeeaieee ci?no
? ca’ycaia c noni?euenoaii, a ia c aa?oiaiith aieath. Oaeee iiaeyae
caeeaaeaa a?oio aeey iiaeaeueoiai iinooio aio?iiieia?/ii? o?einio?? a
Oe?a?i?.

Ieneeoae? *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea a nai?o oai?ao a?aeia?aceee aaanue
niaeo? oeo i?iaeai, ui oaeethaaee ethaeeio XVII-XVIII no. C iiaeyaeo
ae?y/?a eiea ethaeeia ia? iiaea?eia aeaea?aei aeoeaiino? ? aeeooy. Oiaoi
? «aioo??oiy» ? «ciai?oiy» ethaeeia, ai?ioueaa i?ae oeeie oaiaeaioe?yie
a ethaeei? ? ?ooa? noni?euenoai aei iiaeo ii?acie ? ia?aiia.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ocaaaeueiththoueny o aeniiaeao, aea
i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui oai?/?noue *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea XVII-XVIII no. — yaeua neeaaeia ? ia
iaeiicia/ia. Aiii cina?aaeeei a nia? cia/i? oiai/ani? iaaeaaiiy
oe?a?inueei? ? na?oiai? o?einio??. Ia’?eoii oaaae ieneeoae?a aenooiaea
oe?a?inueea ethaeeia a on?o aeeoo?aeo neooaoe?yo.

?aea? *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea ca?ac iaaoaathoue nooo?ao iaoeiao ?
iaaeaaia?/io aeooaeuei?noue. Ae?y/? eiea i?eaa?oathoue aei naaa oaaao ia
o?eueee ye aeaeaoi? a/ai? nai?? aeiae, ia o?eueee ye ooiaeaoi?e
*a?i?a?anueeieiai iaoeiai-ina?oiueiai oeaio?o, yeiio a 2000?., aoaea 300
?ie?a, ia o?eueee ye oai?aoeee ii?aeueiiai iiiaeaiiy ? oi?ioaaiiy
o?einio?? «iiai? ethaeeie», ia o?eueee ye ?ae?a?ei? e iie?oe/i? ae?y/?,
aea ye yne?aa? ?a/ieee eoeueoo?e aa?iei a Oe?a?i?.

Ae?y/? *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea — oea aeoaea yne?aa? iinoao? XVII-XVIII
no., ye? i?ineaaeee Oe?a?io a e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiio ieai?. Naia a
oe?e oea?ei?, caea?oueny, ? iiaeia aeae? aeine?aeaeoaaoe aeooaeueia ?
i?ea?iaeueia o oai?/ino? ieneeoae?a *a?i?a?anueeiai ao?oo noiniaii
aio?iiieia?/ii? oa ?ioi? i?iaeaiaoeee. Aaeaea eiaeia ?c i?aoeue
ieneeoae?a ao?oo aeeth/a? caaaeueiio?einionuee? ?aea?, ui aoee iia’ycai?
?c oe?a?inueeith ae?eni?noth.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

Aio?iiieia?ci o niaaeuei? *a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai
eiea ? Ee?anueei? ?ae?a?eii-o?einionueei? oeiee: ii??aiyeueiee
aiae?c//Ee?anuee? ia???: ?noi?eei-o?einionuee? ia?ene.-E.: Noeein,
1997?. N.76-83.

I?iaeaia a??e a oe?a?inuee?e o?einio??.//O?einionuee? /eoaiiy iai’yo?
Iaaea Eiii?ia (4-5 aeiaoiy 1997?).-E, 1997?. N.113-119.

Aio?iiieia?/i?noue ye ?ena Oe?a?inueei?
o?einio??.//O?einionueei-aio?iiieia?/i? /eoaiiy. -E.: Noeein, 1997?.
N.130-133.

Aio?iiieia?/ia a/aiiy *a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai
eiea.//E?oa?aoo?a oa eoeueoo?a Iie?nny.-I?aeei.: IAeI?, 1997?. N.15-18.

Aoiai?noe/ia aeoiea Ee?anueei? ?on? oa aio?iiieia?y *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea XVII-XVIII no.//N?aa?yinueeee e?oiien.
*a?i?a?a, 1997?. N5. N.151-152.

Iieiaea ethaeeia ? oe?a?inueea aeaiie?aoe/ia o?aaeeoe?y.//Iieiaea
iaoe?y. -E.: Niieineei, 1996?. N.124-127.

?aeay ethaenueei? oi?aa?naeueiino? o *a?i?a?anueeiio
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiio eie? E.Aa?aiiae/a//Ethaeeia, noni?euenoai,
eoeueoo?a: ?noi??y oa no/ani?noue. Iaoa??aee tha?eaeii? iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii? 80-??//th *a?i?a?anueeiai Aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?iai? O.A.Oaa/aiea. -*a?i?a?a: N?aa?yinueea
aeoiea, 1996?. N.36-37.

*i?iee I.I. A/aiiy i?i ethaeeio *a?i?a?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai eiea (ae?oaa iieiaeia XVII — ia?oa iieiaeia
XVIII no.). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.05 — ?noi??y o?einio??. —
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998.

Caoeua?oueny ?oeiien. A aeena?oaoe?? a?oioiaii aeine?aeaeaii a/aiiy i?i
ethaeeio ieneeoae?a *a?i?a?anueeiai e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeiai ao?oo,
eiai cia/aiiy o o?einionuee?e aeoioe? Oe?a?ie XVII-XVIII no.

?noi?eei-o?einionueeee aiae?c ethaeeiiciaa/i? i?iaeaiaoeee
ieneeoae?a eiea aeicaiey? eiie?aoecoaaoe oeyoe ?icaeoeo aio?iiinionueeeo
?aeae ia Oe?a?i?. Aia?oa eiiieaenii aiae?co?oueny oai?/?noue iaoeiaoe?a,
ye? iaeaaeaee aei *a?i?a?anueeiai eiea ? i?iaeiaaeoaaee o?einionueeee
iai?yiie Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? eieaa?? ia E?aiaa?aaei?e Oe?a?i?.
Aeena?oaio**************************************************************
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******************eiai eeoa?aoo?ii-oeeinioneiai e?oaeea (aoi?ay iieiaeia
XVII- ia?aay iieiaeia XVIII aaeia).- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeeinioneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.05.- enoi?ey oeeinioee.-
Aeiai?iao?ianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1998.

Caueuaaony ?oeiienue. A aeenna?oaoeee iniiaaoaeueii enneaaeiaaii
o/aiea i /aeiaaea iuneeoaeae *a?ieaianeiai eeoa?aoo?ii-oeeinioneiai
e?oaeea, aai cia/aiea a oeeinioneie iunee Oe?aeiu XVII-XVIII no.

Enoi?eei-oeeinioneee aiaeec /aeiaaeiaaae/aneie i?iaeaiaoeee
iuneeoaeae e?oaeea iicaieyao auynieoue iooe ?acaeoey aio?iiinioneeo
eaeae ia Oe?aeia. Aia?aua eiiieaenii aiaeece?othony ?aaiou iuneeoaeae,
eioi?ua i?eiaaeeaaeaee e *a?ieaianeiio e?oaeeo e auee i?iaeieaeaoaeyie
oeeinioneiai iai?aaeaiey Eeaai-Iiaeeyineie eieeaaee ia Eaaiaa?aaeiie
Oe?aeia. Aeenna?oaio ioia/aao iniiaiua eiioeaioeee /aeiaaeiciaiey
o/aiuo, i?eiaaeeaaeaueo e *a?ieaianeiio e?oaeeo, eioi?ua nio?aiytho
naith aeooaeueiinoue i?e ?aoaiee nia?aiaiiuo i?iaeai a ainoaea?noaa,
ia?aciaaiee, ainieoaiee e o.ae. Oeacuaaaony ia ooiie/iinoue iaeioi?uo
acaeyaeia iuneeoaeae *a?ieaianeiai e?oaeea. Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa
auiieiaia ia iniiaaiee enoi/ieeia, iaeioi?ua ec ieo, aia?aua aaiaeyony a
iao/iia oiio?aaeaiea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aio?iiieiaey, ?aoeeiiaeeci, aoiaieci,
iaioaeeoao, oe?aeineia aa?ieei, ii?aeue /aeiaaea, aeooiaiinoue,
/aeiaa/aneee eaeaae.

Nhorny A.A. Teaching about a man of Chernigov
literature-philosophic circle (second half of XVII century-first half of
XVIII century). -Manuscript.

Thesis for an academic degree of a candidate of philosophy on
speciality 09.00.05.- history of philosophy. — Dnepropetrovsk state
university, Dnepropetrovsk,1998.

Thesis is defended. Teaching about a man by thinkers of Chernigov
literature-philosophic circle, its part in the Ukrainian philosophical
thought of XVII-XVIII-th. century has been fundamentally reseached in
the presented thesis.

The historical and philosophical analisis of antroposophical
problematics of the hinkers of circle lets to elucidate the ways of
development of antroposophic ideas in Ukraine. The works of thinkers,
which belonged to Chernigov circle, and which continue philosophic
direction of Kiev-Mogilyansk board are complexally being analised in
first time. The thesis-defender marks the base antroposophie conceptions
of the scientists, that had ,been belonged to Chernigov circle, that
still urgent for the solving of modern problems in state, education,
upbringing etc.

Utopia of some opinions of the thinkers of Chernigov circle is
being shown. Dissirtation is based on sources, some of which is being
introduced in scientific using for the first time.

Key words: antropolog, rationalism, humanism, menthality,
ukrainian barocco, human morals, spiritual life, human ideal.

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