OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?I. A.N.NEIAI?IAeE

Eiiiiiaa AEaiia Ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE-882

A.OAENI?? O OAI?*IIO NA?O?

A. IANOA?IAEA

10. 01. 02 – ?in?enueea e?oa?aoo?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?O??ciai Eaii?ae
Aai?eoiae/,caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?eOa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiaioi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?Aon?a A?eoi?
Aiae??eiae/,caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?in?enueei?
e?oa?aoo?eAei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo;

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaioEaoii Na?oeaia
Ieeiea?aia,caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?in?enueei? iiaeOa?e?anueeiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa : Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee?inoeooo ?i.
A.A.Ei?ieaiea,eaoaae?a na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e,I?i?noa?noai ina?oe, i.
Iieoaaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 22 “ n?/iy 1999 ?ieo i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 64. 053. 03 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee, i.
Oa?e?a–168, aoe. Aethoa?a, 2, aoae. A-215.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee, i.
Oa?e?a-168, aoe. Aethoa?a, 2.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 22 “ a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ieaenaiei
I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. A. Oaeni?? – eieinaeueia yaeua a
?noi??? na?oiai? eoeueoo?e. Eiai niaaeueia noaea iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith
aeooiaiiai aeeooy ethaenoaa, aeoeaii canaith?oueny iaoe?iiaeueieie
e?oa?aoo?aie on?o e?a?i na?oo. O ca’yceo c oeei iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino?
iaaoaa? i?iaeaia ni?eeiaiiy oai?/ino? aiae?enueeiai aeaiaoo?aa a on?
aiioe ? a on?o e?a?iao, eoaee aiia i?iieeaea.

Aaeeeei ? aacnoii?aiei ? aieea Oaeni??a ia ?in?enueeo e?oa?aoo?o. Iei
caoiiethaaeeny I.N. Iooe?i ? I.TH. Ea?iiioia, A.A. A?e?inueeee ? I.?.
Aa?oeai, I.I. Iae?ania e ?.N. Oo?aai?a. Iaeii/anii c i?iieeiaiiyi o na?o
oaeni???anueei? iiac??, yea iinooiiai iiaeeaeth?oueny, a?aeaoaa?oueny
aaeineiiaeaiiy cania?a eiai ia?aaea/? ?in?enueeith iiaith.

Iiaei ? aaaeeeaei aoaiii a iiaioaaii? oai?/i? niaaeueie aiae?enueeiai
ae?aiaoo?aa noaea e?oa?aoo?ia ae?yeuei?noue A. Ianoa?iaea, iiaoa ?
ia?aeeaaea/a. Na??y eiai ia?aeeaae?a oaeni???anueeeo o?aaaae?e aeyaeeany
o ?in?enuee?e ia?aeeaaei?e e?oa?aoo?? ni?aaaeiueith iiae??th, ua
iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiith ? ioe?iaiith. A?ae/ooiee aianie a inai?iiy
ia?aeeaaeaoeueeiai noeeth Ianoa?iaea aoa c?iaeaiee A. Aoe?iaeii, I.
Ii?iciaei, E. A??iooaeiii, E. Ica?iaei, A. Eaa?eii. Oe?ii?
niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae ia?aeeaaeaie Ianoa?iaea i?noyoueny o ia?aaeiiaao ?
eiiaioa?yo aei eiai i?aoeue, iaienaieo I. Ethaeiiaei, I. Aaiieeiaei.
Iaeiae aeine?aeaeaiiy oeeo aaoi??a ia iaee ca iaoo aena?oeeoe
ia?aeeaaeaoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue Ianoa?iaea a on?e aaaaoiiai?oiino?
iia?ii? niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae ia?aeeaaeaie Ian?noey Oaeni??a o oai?/iio
na?o? Ianoa?iaea, ye i?aaeei, ?icaeyaeaeany iaeiia?/ii, a eiioaeno?
ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? ae?yeueiino? Ianoa?iaea. Aeiiei? ia aoei i?aaeiaoii
niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ieoaiiy i?i aieea ?iaioe iaae ia?aeeaaeaie
Oaeni??a ia aeanio iiaoe/io oai?/?noue Ianoa?iaea, i?i ?ieue Oaeni??a o
oai?/?e aaiethoe?? ?in?enueeiai ienueiaiieea, a oaeiae “oaeni??eci”
iiac?? Ianoa?iaea oa eiai ?iiaio “Aeieoi? AEeaaai”. Iaiao?aei?noue o
iiiia?ao?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? oeeo i?iaeai aeaaii iac??ea, aaeaea ?oi?
?ica aeanio iiaoe/io oai??eueee ?icoe?eoe iao? oyaeaiiy i?i e?oa?aoo?io
ae?yeuei?noue A. Ianoa?iaea – iiaoa ? ia?aeeaaea/a, aea e a?aee?e? iia?
ia?niaeoeae o aea/aii? oai?/i? niaaeueie ?in?enueeiai ienueiaiieea.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue a ?aieao ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei?
?iaioe eaoaae?e na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee. Ca?aeii c iei iniaeeaa
oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny ieoaiiyi aca?iiae?? ??cieo e?oa?aoo? na?oo.
Aea/aiiy aca?iiae?? ? aca?iiaieeao e?oa?aoo? – aaaeeeaee aeey no/aniiai
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ?aieao iaoeiaiai ieaio eaoaae?e aiae?enueei? o?eieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee i?iaiaeeeiny
aeine?aeaeaiiy ianoa?iae?anueeeo ia?aeeaae?a iiac?? Oaeni??a.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iaioa, yea i?iiiio?oueny, ia? ca iaoo
aecia/eoe i?noea Oaeni??a o oai?/iio na?o? A. Ianoa?iaea, eiai ?ieue o
oi?ioaaii? na?oiaeyaeo oa anoaoeee ?in?enueeiai ienueiaiieea, o
?icoe?aii? eiai iiaoe/iiai a?naiaeo. Aaoi? oe??? ?iaioe i?aaia
aena?oeeoe oaio “Oaeni?? o oai?/iio na?o? Ianoa?iaea”, aeoeaiooth/e
oaaao ia oeo ?? aniaeoao, ye? aoee ua iaaeinoaoiuei aea/ai? no/aniei
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaii. I?e oeueiio a?i nie?a?oueny ia aeaa iniiaieo
iieiaeaiiy, ye? ? naiai ?iaeo nieneiaeie oeaio?aie oeueiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy: Ianoa?iae–ia?aeeaaea/ ii-ni?aaaeiueiio a?aee?ea
?in?enueeiio /eoa/aa? Oaeni??a–ae?aiaoo?aa ? Ianoa?iae–iiao ? i?ica?e
caciaa ia nia? aieeao iiac?? ? ae?aiaoo?a?? Oaeni??a. O?eueee
a?aoiaoth/e iaeaeaa oe? iieiaeaiiy iiaeia, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, io?eiaoe
iaea?eueo iiaia oyaeaiiy i?i oo ?ieue, yeo a?ae?a?aaaa Oaeni?? o
oai?/iio aeeoo? A. Ianoa?iaea.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue
?ica’ycaiiy ?yaeo caaea/:

aecia/eoe, a /iio iieyaa? nooi?noue oaeni???anueeiai aieeao ia
i?ea?iaeueio oai?/?noue Ianoa?iaea;

c’ynoaaoe, ye? oaie, ia?ace ? iioeae oai??a Oaeni??a ciaoiaeeee a?aeaoe
o Ianoa?iaea – iiaoa ? i?ica?ea;

i?inoaaeeoe iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oaeni???anueeeo oai oa ia?ac?a o
oai?/ino? ?in?enueeiai ienueiaiieea;

i?iaiae?coaaoe ?iiai Ianoa?iaea “Aeieoi? AEeaaai” a eiioaeno? aieeao
iiac?? Oaeni??a ia i?ea?iaeueio oai?/?noue Ianoa?iaea;

aeyaeoe o? ?ene i?ea?iaeueii? ooaeiaeiuei? iiia?e Ianoa?iaea, ye?
ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a eiai ia?aeeaaeao Oaeni??a;

i?iaiae?coaaoe ia?aeeaaee Ianoa?iaea a eiioaeno? eiai a?ia?ao??,
anoaoe/ieo iiaeyae?a oa i?ea?iaeueii? iiaoe/ii? oai?/ino?.

Iaoa??aeii aeine?aeaeaiiy noaea e??eea A. Ianoa?iaea, eiai iacae?i/aia
ib?na “Neaiay e?anaaeoea” ? ?iiai “Aeieoi? AEeaaai”. Aaoi? aeena?oaoe??
caa?oa?oueny oaeiae aei niiao?a ? o?aaaae?e Oaeni??a “Aaieao”, “Ei?ieue
Ee?”, “?iiai e Aeaeoeueaooa”, “Ioaeei”, “Iaeaao”, “Aioiiee e Eeaiiao?a”
? aei ?o ia?aeeaae?a ?in?enueeith iiaith, aeeiiaieo A. Ianoa?iaeii, I.
Eiceinueeei, A. ?aaeeiaith oa ?ioeie.

Oai?aoe/ia aaca ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith aacith
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaeai? no/aniith iaoeith i?eioeeie iieniaiai,
nioe?aeueii-aaiaoe/iiai oa ?noi?eei-nioe?ieia?/iiai iaoiae?a, a oaeiae
aeaiaioe ii??aiyeueiiai ? e?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co oaenoo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe – a ?? aaaaoianiaeoiino?. Oaia “Oaeni?? o
oai?/iio na?o? Ianoa?iaea” aia?oa noaea ia’?eoii oe?eani?yiiaaiiai
iiiia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oiae? yeiai aoei aaeeoi eiiieaeniee
aiae?c iniiaieo iai?yi?a e?oa?aoo?ii? ae?yeueiino? Ianoa?iaea, eiai
iiac??, i?ice, ia?aeeaae?a, ae?aiaoe/ieo oai??a, e?eoe/ieo cai?oie, a
oaeiae ai?noiey?ii? niaaeueie ienueiaiieea.

A oiae? oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei cae?eniaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei
aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?ii? niaaeueie A. Ianoa?iaea: oai?/?noue ienueiaiieea
?icaeyaea?oueny o o?niiio ii?aeiaii?, aca?iica’yceo ? aca?iiaieea? on?o
eiai aeaiaio?a. Oeae i?aeo?ae aeiiiiaaa? ii-iiaiio iiaeeaeoeny ia
e?oa?aoo?io ae?yeuei?noue Ianoa?iaea – ia?aeeaaea/a, aeeaoa c?icoi?oe
i?e?iaeo eiai ooaeiaeiuei? iaenoa?iino?, i?inoaaeeoe aeoiee eiai
ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? ae?yeueiino?. C ?ioiai aieo, oeae i?aeo?ae a?aee?eaa?
iia? ia?niaeoeae ? o aea/aii? i?ea?iaeueii? oai?/ino? Ianoa?iaea. Aiia
?icaeyaeaeany o aeaio iniiaieo aniaeoao: c oi/ee ci?o oiai aieeao, yeee
ni?aaeea i?ea?iaeueia oai?/?noue Ianoa?iaea ia eiai ia?aeeaaeaoeueeo
ae?yeuei?noue, ? c oi/ee ci?o cai?ioii? ae?? ia?aeeaae?a ia i?ea?iaeueio
iiac?th ? i?ico ienueiaiieea.

Iiac?y Ianoa?iaea oa eiai ?iiai “Aeieoi? AEeaaai” aia?oa aiae?cothoueny
o eiioaeno? aieeao iiac?? oa ae?aiaoo?a?? Oaeni??a ia i?ea?iaeueio
oai?/?noue Ianoa?iaea.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?no ?noi??? na?oiai?
e?oa?aoo?e a aoc?, a?iiac??,oeie?, a oaeiae i?e ?ic?iaoe? niaoeeo?n?a ?
niaoenai?ia??a c oai??? ? i?aeoeee ia?aeeaaeo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee, aoee i?aaenoaaeai? ia /eoaiiyo
iieiaeeo o/aieo iai’yo? E.ss. E?aoeoey o aeiiia?ae? “O?aaaae?y Oaeni??a
“Aaieao” a ia?aeeaae? Ianoa?iaea” (OAIO ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee, 27 aa?aciy
1996 ?ieo), eyaee a iniiao /ioe?ueio noaoae, i?enay/aieo oai?/ino?
Ianoa?iaea.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio aeaa, aeniiae?a ? nieneo e?oa?aoo?e.
Ianya aeena?oaoe?? – 161 noi??iea, a?ae?ia?ao?? – 16 noi??iie
iaoeiiieno. Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e noaiiaeoue 252 iacae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ANOOI? aecia/a?oueny ia’?eo ? iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy, noaaeyoueny
caaea/?, ?ica’ycaiiy yeeo ni?ey? aeinyaiaiith iaoe, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aeooaeuei?noue oa iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe.

IA?OA aeaaa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy “IA?AEEAAeE IANOA?IAEA O
EIIOAENO? EIAI A?IA?AO??, ANOAOE*IEO IIAEssAe?A OA I?EA?IAEUeII?
OAI?*INO?” i?enay/aia ia?aeeaaeaoeuee?e ae?yeueiino? A. Ianoa?iaea.
Aa?o/e aei oaaae oie oaeo, ui ia?aeeaaee c Oaeni??a iin?aeaee aaaeeeaa
i?noea o oai?/iio aeeoo? Ianoa?iaea ? i?aoey iaae ieie aoea
aeiaaio?eaaeith ? ie?aeiith, aaoi? oe??? ?iaioe aaaaea?, ui oaia
“Oaeni?? o oai?/iio na?o? Ianoa?iaea” i?aai?/ii ii?aeio? a nia? ?yae
aniaeo?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ae?yeuei?noue Ianoa?iaea iaae
ia?aeeaaeaie Oaeni??a.

Oey aeaaa neeaaea?oueny c aeaio ?icae?e?a. O ia?oiio /”Iaeyae
e?oa?aoo?e”/ aaoi?, aiae?coth/e i?aoe? nai?o iiia?aaeiee?a, iieaco?, ui
oaia “Oaeni?? o oai?/iio na?o? Ianoa?iaea”, ye i?aaeei, ?icaeyaeaeany a
?aieao aea/aiiy ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? ae?yeueiino? A. Ianoa?iaea. A ?yae?
e?eoe/ieo noaoae aeeeaaeaeeny iiaeyaee Ianoa?iaea ia oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy
ia?aeeaaeo, aeacoaaeiny ia aeinyaiaiiy ? iaaeie?ee eiai
ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? iaia?e, iaaiaeeeeny aeai?, ye? aeicaieythoue
ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe aaeeeo ?iaioo Ianoa?iaea iaae ia?aeeaaeaie ca?oa?aeieo
aaoi??a, eio?a noi?ioaaea oie noeeue, yeee iiaeia aeae?eeoe na?aae
/eneaiieo ia?aeeaae?a. Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui aaaaoi aeine?aeiee?a
cacia/aee aieea ia?aeeaae?a Ianoa?iaea ia eiai i?ea?iaeueio oai?/?noue,
? oie oaeo, ui o nai?o ia?aeeaaeao Ianoa?iae caaaeaee caeeoaany
naiiaooi?i iiaoii, ieoaiiy i?i aca?iiaieea ia?aeeaae?a oa i?ea?iaeueii?
oai?/ino? Ianoa?iaea ana ua iaeia?aeiia. Oa naia iiaeia neacaoe ? i?i
“oaeni??eci” Ianoa?iaea: iaeyae ?nioth/i? e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/eoue i?i
a?aenooi?noue aoaeue-yeiai oe?eani?yiiaaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oe???
i?iaeaie.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ia?oi? aeaae /”Oai?/? i?eioeeie
Ianoa?iaea-ia?aeeaaea/a”/ i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aeo?ae
Ianoa?iaea aei iniiaieo ieoaiue oai??? oa i?aeoeee ia?aeeaaeo. Aeoiaey/e
c oiai, ui oai?/?noue Ianoa?iaea-ia?aeeaaea/a ia iiaeia i?aaeeueii
c?icoi?oe aac c’ynoaaiiy eiai oai?/eo i?eioeei?a, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
ia?aeeaaeaoeueeiai e?aaei, aaoi? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaaaea? ca iaiao?aeia
ii/aoe naith ?iaioo c aeeeaaeaiiy oeo iniiaieo oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue,
ye? eaaeaoue a iniia? ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? ae?yeueiino? Ianoa?iaea.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy ie caa?oa?iiny aei e?eoe/ieo noaoae oa eeno?a
Ianoa?iaea, a oaeiae aei eiai iiaoe/ieo oai??a, ye? ? naiai ?iaeo
ae?aaeaiiyi iniiaieo oai?/eo i?eioeei?a Ianoa?iaea. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeiny ?c caeo/aiiyi ia?aeeaaeieo oai??a Ianoa?iaea, ye?
aeicaieythoue noaeeoe i?i i?aeoe/ia ao?eaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo i?eioeei?a.

?icn?yi? a eenoao /eneaii? aeneiaethaaiiy Ianoa?iaea i?i i?aoeth iaae
ia?aeeaaeaie aeicaieythoue aa/eoe ?? o an?e neeaaeiino? ?
noia?a/eeaino?: c iaeiiai aieo, oea ciaaaaeeea? a?aeaoee Ianoa?iaea i?i
naith ia?aeeaaeaoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue, yeo a?i iaceaa? “iia?/iei
ca?ia?oeii oa i?ioan?eiei ia?ieii” ? ?icaeyaea? ye ia?aoeiaeo ia oeyoo
“a?eueiiai ae?aaeaiiy ni?aaaei?o nai?o aeoiie” Ia?aienea A. Ianoa?iaea
/Nino. A.A. Ianoa?iae, A.A. Ianoa?iae. – I.: Ooaeiaeanoaaiiay
eeoa?aoo?a, 1990. – N. 222.; c ?ioiai aieo, a eenoao Ianoa?iaea ia??aeei
cono??/athoueny neiaa, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i eiai caoiieaiiy i?ea?iaeii,
i?i oa, ui c?oeiaiiy c oai?aie aaeeeeo iaeno??a iaaeeoaei Ianoa?iaea ia
iaienaiiy ??aiioe?iieo oai??a.

Aeae? a ?icae?e? aaoi? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aoiaeeoue aei aeeeaaeo oeo
iniiaieo i?eioeei?a, ia ye? nie?aany Ianoa?iae o nai?e ia?aeeaaeaoeuee?e
i?aeoeoe?. Iniaeeai a?aecia/a?oueny oie oaeo, ui, noai?thth/e
ia?aeeaaee, Ianoa?iae ia i?iaiaeea /?oei? iaae? i?ae i?aoeath
ia?aeeaaea/a oa i?ea?iaeueiith oai?/?noth. A?i i?aee?anethaaa, ui c
oi/ee ci?o iiaoe/ii? oaoi?ee aeey iueiai aaniethoii iaeiaeiai, /e
i?aoeth? a?i iaae ia?aeeaaeii, /e iaae aeaniei iiaoe/iei oai?ii.
Iiae?aia ?aei?noue o i?aeoiae? aei nai?? i?ea?iaeueii? oai?/ino? ?
ae?yeueiino? ia?aeeaaea/a aecia/eea oie ca?a iniiaieo ?en
ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? oa iiaoe/ii? iaia?e Ianoa?iaea, yeee aoa aeyaeaiee o
oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?yae e?eoe/ieo cai?oie ? noaoae, iaienaieo Ianoa?iaeii, na?ae/eoue i?i
oa, ui ia?aeeaaea/ iaa aeani? iiaeyaee ia ieoaiiy oai??? oa i?aeoeee
ia?aeeaaeo, ye? ia??aeei ia ca?aaeeny ?c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie. A iniia?
eiai ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, ia?o ca ana, eaaeeoue ?aeay, ui
ia?aeeaae a ?aeaae? iiaeiai aooe ooaeiaei?i oai?ii ?, i?e ni?eueiino?
oaenoo, “noa? ia??ai? c i?ea?iaeii nai?th aeaniith iaiiaoi?i?noth”
Ianoa?iae A. Caiaoee ia?aaiae/eea //Nia?aiea ni/eiaiee a 5-oe oiiao. –
I.: 1991.- O.4. – N. 394.. Iine?aeiaiee i?ioeaiee “aoeaae?cio” oa
i?eioeeio ??aii?yaeeiaino?, ia aea?oao eio?ei ia??aeei i?eiineeeny
aeaaee?noue oa ieeicao/i?noue, Ianoa?iae oi?ioeth? aeani? i?eioeeie:
i?eioeei “iaaienii? naiaiaee, aac yei? ia aoaa? iaaeeaeaiiy aei aaeeeeo
?a/ae”, i?eioeei i?e?iaeiino? – ? ae?aaeaiiy, ? ci?noo, ? “oiaee” a??oa,
? eiai iaeiaeeee, oa i?eioeei aeeoo?aino?, ia?a?niino? ia?aeeaaeo.
A?eueoa /anoeia aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea i?iaiaeeoueny o oeueiio ?icae?e?,
i?enay/aia ?ice?eooth oeeo i?eioeei?a. O ?acoeueoao? aaea?oueny
anoaiiaeoe, ui, aeiioneath/e a?eueoo, i?ae aoei i?eeiyoi o
ia?aeeaaeaoeuee?e i?aeoeoe? 30-50 ?ie?a, naiaiaeo, Ianoa?iae ?icoi?a ??
a oiio ae niene? /ye “naiaiaeo ? ni?eea?noue oyaeaiiy”/ ? a oiio ae
ianyc?, ui ? naiaiaeo naiino?eii? iiaoe/ii? oai?/ino?. Ana, ui iiaeia
aoei caa?aaoe i?e ia?aeeaae?, a?i caa??aaa. Eiee ae aeiaiaeeeiny iae?aoe
oa /eiinue aea?oaoaaoe, Ianoa?iae ?iaea aea?? ia ei?enoue aeeaino?,
i?e?iaeiino? iiae, “ieeiiino?” oi?ie. Ine?eueee aieiaia caaaeaiiy
ia?aeeaaea/a Ianoa?iae aaa/aa o oiio, uia aeaoe a??oo, yeee
ia?aeeaaea?oueny, iiaa aeeooy o noeo?? ?in?enueeiai a??ooaaiiy, uia
ia?aeeaae cao/aa ye i?ea?iaeueiee a??o c oaeeie ae ?enaie i?e?iaeiino?,
eaaeino?, iaaeiooaiino?, ye aoaeue-yea aeeoy iiaoa.

Ua iaeei oai?/ee i?eioeei Ianoa?iaea-ia?aeeaaea/a – i?eioeei
“ia?iaeiino? iiae” – i?noeoue o nia?, c iaeiiai aieo, oe?iea
canoinoaaiiy ?iciiaiiai noeeth, ia?iaeieo ?a/aiue, i?ica?ci?a, ?oneci?a,
c ?ioiai – ai?ioueao c ?eoi?eeith, ii?iaei?i e?aniiiianoaii, i?aaiaiiy
oieeaoe aenieiai noeeth, cieuaiiy aaoo?ci?a.

?ioeie aaaeeeaeie ?enaie ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? iaia?e ?:

— aiae?oe/i?noue, oiaoi i?aaiaiiy ia?aeeaaea/a i?iieeiooe o nooue
ia?aeeaaeo, ioiieoe ona, ui aei iueiai iaeaaeeoue, ?acoeueoaoii /iai ?
/eneaii? noaoo?, a yeeo aaoi? ia??aeei aea? oai?ai Oaeni??a iiaa,
aeeaiei i?ea?iaeueia oeoia/aiiy;

— ianooaai?noue, ia?oi?yaeia cia/ei?noue oe?eiai /oeae i?eioeei
aeicaieea ia?aeeaaea/o a?aeaie?eoeny a?ae aeine?aiiai ia?aeeaaeo,
iiaa/eoe oo aai ?ioo noeaio i?ae ia a?aenoai? ?, caaaeyee oeueiio,
ioiieoe ?? a onueiio ianyc?/;

— iaoaoi?e/i?noue iiae /i?eaa?oa? oaaao oa?aeoa?ia aeey Ianoa?iaea
ci?uaiiy aeaio cia/aiue o iaoaoi?? – i?yiiai oa ia?aiiniiai; iii?a ia
ae?oaee niene – niene oai?/ee – ooaeiaei? aeinyaiaiiy Ianoa?iaea-iiaoa ?
ia?aeeaaea/a/;

— aeeiai?/i?noue ae??ne?a oa iaoaoi?: o ia?aeeaaeao Ianoa?iaea caaaeaee
a?ae/oaa?oueny noeo?eia e??e/ia iai?oaa, ii?ea/ano?noue, no??ieee iaoene
ia?ac?a, aiane?aeie /iai na?o iinoa? ia?aae iaie ?ooiiei, iino?eii
ci?iiei, ioeuenoth/ei;

— “ea?oeii?noue cia?aaeaiiy”: caniaaie iiac?? Ianoa?iae iaeth?
iianyeaeaiiee ethaenueeee iiaoo, i?ino? aeeoo?a? cae/a?, ui aeicaiey?
a?aeoai?eoe oaeni???anuee? iaecaae? a on?e i?eiaaeiino? ?o aoaeaiii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee;

— oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy caoeiieno, ??ciiiai?oi?noue neioaeneno, aaeeeee
?eoi?/iee ae?aiacii cao/aiiy ia?aeeaaeo.

O i?ioean? iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?, caa?ioaoenue aei
i?ea?iaeueieo iiaoe/ieo oai??a Ianoa?iaea, anoaiiaeth? ?aei?noue oai?/eo
i?eioeei?a Ianoa?iaea-ia?aeeaaea/a ? iiaoa i?ea?iaeueiiai, a oaeiae
noiae?noue iniiaieo ?en eiai iiaoe/ii? ? ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? iiia?e. Ona,
ui neoaeeoue na?ae/aiiyi oiai , ui iiac?y Ianoa?iaea oa eiai ia?aeeaaee
ia?aaoaathoue o o?niiio aca?iica’yceo, ? neeaaeiaei aeaiaioii ?aeeiiai
oai?/iai i?ioeano.

O Ae?OA?E aeaa? aeena?oaoe?? “IANOA?IAE – IA?AEEAAeA* OA ?IOA?I?AOAOI?
OAENI??A” aaoi? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieaco?, ye Ianoa?iae ia i?aeoeoe?
?aae?co? i?iaieioai? iei i?eioeeie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea i?iaiaeeeiny o
oe?e aeaa?, a?oioo?oueny ia iaoa??aeao aiae?enueeeo oaeno?a o?aaaae?e ?
niiao?a Oaeni??a, a oaeiae ?o ia?aeeaaeo ?in?enueeith iiaith, aeeiiaieo
Ianoa?iaeii oa eiai iiia?aaeieeaie. Aeaaa iiaoaeiaaia ia c?noaaeaii?
ianoa?iae?anueeiai aa??aioo c ia?aeeaaeaie ?ioeo aaoi??a /ia?o ca ana,
eiai no/aniee?a – I. Eiceinueeiai oa A. ?aaeeiai?/. Iiae?aiee i?aeo?ae
aeicaieea aeyaeoe ye aeinoi?inoaa, oae ? iaaeie?ee ianoa?iae?anueeiai
ia?aeeaaeo o?aaaae?e ? niiao?a Oaeni??a, a oaeiae aecia/eoe nooi?noue
iiaaoi?nueei? iaia?e Ianoa?iaea — ia?aeeaaea/a Oaeni??a.

Ia ii/aoeo aeaae aiae?cothoueny i?e/eie na?eiciiai ? o?eaaeiai ?ioa?ano
Ianoa?iaea aei oai?/ino? aiae?enueeiai ae?aiaoo?aa. ?ioa?an oeae
ae?inoaa c aeanii? iiaoe/ii? i?aeoeee Ianoa?iaea, eiai aaaeaiiy oieeiooe
iiaa?oiaeo iano?i?a, ye? iaioaaee a iiac?? oiai /ano. Aeniea ioe?iea
oai?/ino? Oaeni??a, yeiai Ianoa?iae aaaaeaa “caniiaieeii” ?
“caeiiiaeaaoeai”, iiynith? oie oaeo, ui ye o?eueee iiao a?ae/oa o nia?
oaeaio ia?aeeaaea/a, a?i acyany ca Oaeni??a, yeee a?acea eiai oyao.

Oaeni???anueeee oeeee Ianoa?iaea aeeth/a? ia?aeeaae naie o?aaaae?e,
o?ueio niiao?a, aeaio e??e/ieo a??o?a, a oaeiae ?icaeoi?a ia
oaeni???anuee? oaie, ye? i?noyoueny a eiai noaooyo ? eenoao.

Aiae?coth/e ia?aeeaaee Oaeni??a, ye? ?nioaaee aei Ianoa?iaea, aaoi?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?inoaaeo? a ieo aea? iniiai? oaiaeaioe??:

1) i?aaiaiiy ia no?eueee a?aeoai?eoe i?ea?iae, ne?eueee ia?aeacaoe eiai
nai?ie neiaaie; i?e oeueiio noai?th?oueny iaaiee, oiiaii
“oaeni???anueeee”, o?i/enoee ? ieoiiiiaiee noeeue (i?eeeaaee iiae?aiiai
“?iiaioecoaaiiy” Oaeni??a ie ciaoiaeeii o I.?. E?iiaiaa?aa, I.I.
Caaoey?ai?, I..E. Nieieianueeiai, I.I. Aiaaee/a);

2) iiaa?iaiiy aei i?ea?iaeo, i?aaiaiiy a?aeoai?eoe eiai c on??th
oi/i?noth ? a on?o aeaoaeyo (ia?aeiiaiei i?eoeeueieeii oeueiai iai?yieo,
yeee ia??aeei i?ecaiaeea aei aoeaae?cio, ? I.E. Eiceinueeee).

Oaea ia i?aenoaa? ia?aiiai iei iaoiaeo iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i oa, ui
Ianoa?iae ia aoa i?eoeeueieeii aeiaeiiai c oeeo iai?yie?a. I???iooth/e
na?e ia?aeeaae ia?o ca ana ia oaao?, a?i ia?ane?aeoaaa iaoo aeinyaoe
eiai aeeaino?, i?e?iaeiino? cao/aiiy, noai?eoe “i?inoo oa eaaeo
noeai?/io o?aeoiaeo” oaeni???anueeiai oaenoo. Uia ia?aeeaae aoa
c?icoi?eei ? aeinooiiei, Ianoa?iae ia?aeeaaeaa Oaeni??a ye no/aniiai
aaoi?a, aac aeii?oeo noee?caoe?? oa a?oa?ee. Eiai iaoith aoei nei?ioeoe
aei i?i?ioio a?aenoaiue i?ae iei?oi?i aeyaea/ai ? /eoa/ai c iaeiiai
aieo, ? i?ea?iaeii, aiioith i?ea?iaeo c ?ioiai. Oea a naith /a?ao
aecia/eei o? iiaaoi?nuee? ?ene ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? iaia?e Ianoa?iaea, i?i
ye? eaeaoueny o oe?e aeaa?.

Oia?oa a ?noi??? ?in?enueeiai ia?aeeaaeo Oaeni??a Ianoa?iaeo aaeaeiny
?iaeea?aeoae?coaaoe iiaeaii?a? iniaeeaino? oaeni???anueeeo aa?i?a:
eiaeai c ieo ia? o Ianoa?iaea na?e aiein, c i?eoaiaiieie o?eueee eiio
?ioiiaoe?yie, c oa?aeoa?iith aeey iueiai aaiith iaoaoi? ? ii??aiyiue. O
aeine?aeaeaii? aeaoaeueii i?inoaaeo?oueny i?ioean a?aeoai?aiiy oeiiai?
aeey eiaeiiai ia?niiaaea nenoaie ia?ac?a.

O ia?aeeaae? Ianoa?iaea iiaeia ciaeoe /eneaii? i?eeeaaee ?ice?eooy
aiioe?eieo i?aeoaeno?a i?ea?iaeo, caaaeyee /iio eiai aa?i? iinoathoue ye
ethaee c aeanoeaeie ?i ethaenueeeie aiioe?yie.

Ii-nai?io ?ica’yco? Ianoa?iae ? i?iaeaio iiae Oaeni??a, aoaeoth/e na?e
ia?aeeaae ia iaoa??ae? aeeai? ?iciiaii? iiae.

Iiaaoi?noai Ianoa?iaea-ia?aeeaaea/a a?aeaeaa?oueny ? a oiio, ui a?i
oia?oa caa?oa? iaoo oaaao ia iaaecae/aeio aeeiai?/i?noue oai??a
Oaeni??a. Eaeaoueny ia o?eueee i?i no??ie?noue ?icaeoeo ae?? o?aaaae??.
O ?ooia?, ?icaeoeo iieacai? Ianoa?iaeii aeea? oaeni???anuee? ia?ace.
Iaea?eueo yne?aaei c oi/ee ci?o aeeiai?/iino? ? ia?ac Aaieaoa.
Aeaoaeueiee aiae?c aeicaieea i?eeoe aei aeniiaeo i?i oa, ui o eiaei?e
iia?e noeai? nai?? iiyae Aaieao aenooia? o iia?e yeino?: iacaaeiaieaia
ethaeeia, caieiaia o aeaniiio na?o? nei?aioe ? ia/ae? – ia ii/aoeo
o?aaaae??; iao?aiee iai?aaaeith ? oaeaaai?noth, i?eno?aniee aee?eaa/
na?oo ciai?oiueiai – o ae?oaiio iiiieic? o?aaaae??; ?, ia?aoo?, o
caeeth/ieo noeaiao o?aaaae?? ia?aae iaie aaea ia iaeeee thiae, a c??ea
?icaaaeeeaa ethaeeia, – ethaeeia c ?icaeoei na?oeai, nionoioaiith
aeooath, ao?a/aieie ?ethc?yie thiaoeoaa. Oaea aaiethoe?y Aaieaoa, oiiei
i?aei?/aia ? ia?aaeaia Ianoa?iaeii. Oaea e aaiethoe?y eiai iiae: a?ae
iaeeeo, noaeeueiaaieo o?ac, ye? aee?eaathoue ana ? any, – aei ?icaeoi?a,
i??eoaaiue. I?iaaaeaia o aeaa? aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/eoue i?i i?aeaeuaio
oaaao Ianoa?iaea aei nieneiaiai oa aiioe?eiiai aieo i?ea?iaeo, aei oeo
?aie?e ? o?ac, ye? ia?aaeathoue ci?ie iano?ith aa?iy, i?i oa iiaa, ui
c’yaey?oueny o iueiio o eiaei?e ianooii?e noeai?, oa?aeoa?ecoth/e eiai
ye iniaeno?noue, yea ci?ith?oueny o oiae? ae??. Aiaeia?/ii
i?inoaaeo?oueny o i?aoe? aaiethoe?y ia?aco Ioae??. Caa?ioaoenue aei
?ioeo o?aaaae?e Oaeni??a o ia?aeeaae? Ianoa?iaea – “Ioaeei”, “Ei?ieue
Ee?”, “?iiai e Aeaeoeueaooa”, ie ciaoiaeeii i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oiio, ui
eiai ia?aeeaae aea? iacae/aeii iiaia oyaeaiiy i?i aaaaonoai ?
??ciiiai?oi?noue noai?aieo Oaeni??ii ia?ac?a.

Aeacaaoe ia aeinoi?inoaa ia?aeeaaeo Ianoa?iaea, iniiai? ?ene eiai
iiaaoi?noaa, aaoi? a?aecia/a? ? iaai? iaaeie?ee, aeyaeai? a oiae?
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aei iaea?eueo nooo?aeo iaeaaeaoue iaaaaeai? a ?iaio?
i?eeeaaee ni?iuaiue oaeni???anueei? aeoiee, a?aeoeeaiue a?ae nieneo
i?ea?iaeo. A?eueoa /anoeia oeeo iaaeie?e?a i?eiaaea? ia i?ico, yea, ia
aeoieo aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a, aoea iaea?eueo neaaeei i?noeai
ianoa?iae?anueeiai ia?aeeaaeo.

Aacnoii?aiith caneoaith Ianoa?iaea ? ia?aeeaae oaeni???anueeeo i?naiue,
aeecueeeo eiio nai?th i?inoioith ? ia?iaei?noth iiae. Oea noa? iniaeeai
i/aaeaeiei i?e ii??aiyii? eiai ia?aeeaaeo i?naiue c aa??aioaie I.
Eiceinueeiai ? A. ?aaeeiai?. sseui a inoaii?o aiie cao/aoue aaaiaeoi ?
iac?icoi?ei, /iio cia/iith i??ith ni?eythoue a?oa?cie ? aoeaae?cie, ye?
cono??/athoueny o oeeo ia?aeeaaeao, oi o ia?aeeaae? Ianoa?iaea i?ni?
eethoueny eaaei ? iaaeiooaii. A oi?ii? ia?aaeaoe ana oa, ui eaea o
Oaeni??a a?ae ??aeiiai aiae?enueeiai a?oioo, aiae?enueeeo aaeaae, –
iacaia?a/ia aeinoi?inoai ianoa?iae?anueeiai aa??aioo ia?aeeaaeo.

Cae?eniaiee o caeeth/i?e /anoei? aeaae aiae?c ianoa?iae?anueeiai
ia?aeeaaeo o?ueio niiao?a Oaeni??a na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui
Ianoa?iae-ia?aeeaaea/ e??eee Oaeni??a caeeoa?oueny a??iee nai?i
ia?aeeaaeaoeueeei i?eioeeiai. Ia?o ca ana oea aeyaey?oueny a eiai
i?aaiaii? ciyoe ?eoi?eeo, aeaeeaiaoe?th, oieeiooe iiaoe/ieo oiaeii?a,
eii?thaaiiy ciai?oi?o aeaoaeae, a oaeiae o i?aaiaii? aei ?iciiaiino?,
i?inoi??//y. I?e?iaei?noue, ia?iaei?noue iiae, yni?noue ? ae?aci?noue
aeoiee, eiie?aoi?noue ii/ooo?a ? ae?aaeaiiy a?ae??ciythoue
ianoa?iae?anueeee ia?aeeaae niiao?a Oaeni??a. ?o aiae?c aeicaiey?
noaeeoe i?i oa, ye o oiae? o?eaaei? ?iaioe iaae ia?aeeaaeaie Oaeni??a
a?aeoi/o?oueny iaenoa?i?noue ia?aeeaaea/a, ui aeicaiey? eiio iaaeeceoeny
aei oaenoo i?ea?iaeo, oi/ii a?aeoai?eoe eiai no?oeoo?o, oiiaeuei?noue. O
oie aea /an aaeeea oai?/a ni?eea?noue, yea ia c?aaeaeoaaea Ianoa?iaea
i?ioyaii on??? eiai eeoa?aoo?ii? ae?yeueiino?, aeiiiiaaa? eiio,
a?aenooiath/e o aeayeeo i?noeyo a?ae ia?aeeaaeo aeine?aiiai, i?ae?eoe
aei iaeiioa?ii?oiai – nieneo niiaoa.

Acaaae?, i?iaaaeaia o ae?oa?e aeaa? aeine?aeaeaiiy aea? on? i?aenoaae
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui Ianoa?iae aeinya aacnoii?aiiai oni?oo o i?aoe? iaae
ia?aeeaaeaie e??eee ? ae?aiaoo?a?? Oaeni??a. Ca?eueieaoe iiac?th
aiae?enueeiai ae?aiaoo?aa a?ae aoeaae?ci?a ? iiaoeci?a, oa?aoe ?? o
?onei ?iciiaii? iiae, Ianoa?iae a?aoo?-?aoo aeinyaa? oiai aoaeoo, yeiai
a?i i?aaioa o nai?e ia?aeeaaei?e iiac??: oai?e Oaeni??a oia?oa cacao/aee
?in?enueeith iiaith eaaei, i?e?iaeii ? a?eueii, ye oai?e i?ea?iaeueii?
?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e.

Ia inoaiith ?ieue o oiio, ui Ianoa?iae ci?a aeinyaoe iiae?aiiai oni?oo o
?iaio? iaae ia?aeeaaeaie Oaeni??a, a?ae?a?aa oie oaeo, ui, ye iieaco?
aiae?c, iiac?y aiae?enueeiai ae?aiaoo?aa aaaaoueia nai?ie ?enaie
aeecueea aei i?ea?iaeueii? iiac?? Ianoa?iaea. Oey aeecuee?noue
aeyaey?oueny o iaoaoi?e/iino?, i?e?iaeiino?, ia?iaeiino? iiae iaio
aaoi??a, o iaaecae/aei?e aeeiai?/iino?, aiioe?eiino? ?oi?o oai??a, o
noiaeino? ?oi?o na?oiaeyae?a, iiaoe/ieo nenoai.

Aeooiaia aeecuee?noue iaio aaoi??a i?ecaaea, o naith /a?ao, aei oiai, ui
Oaeni?? — iiao ? ae?aiaoo?a a?ae/ooii aieeioa ia i?ea?iaeueio oai?/?noue
Ianoa?iaea. Nooi?noue oeueiai aieeao ?ice?eaa?oueny o caeeth/i?e,
O?AO?E, aeaa? aeine?aeaeaiiy – “AIEEA OAENI??A IA I?EA?IAEUeIO
OAI?*?NOUe IANOA?IAEA”. O oe?e aeaa? aaoi? noaaeoue ia?aae niaith iaoo
ia o?eueee aeyaeoe o oai?/ino? Ianoa?iaea oaie, ia?ace ? iioeae, iaa?yi?
iiac??th Oaeni??a, aea ? iieacaoe ?o ?icaeoie o Ianoa?iaea. I?aaeiaoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy noaea a?eueoa /anoeia iiaoe/ieo ? i?iciaeo oai??a
Ianoa?iaea, eiai eenoe ? e?eoe/i? noaoo?.

Iaienai? o oiae? i?aoe? iaae ia?aeeaaeaie Oaeni??a noaoo? Ianoa?iaea (“I
Oaenie?a” /1952 ?./, “Caiaoee i Oaenie?a” /1940-1942 ??./, “Caiaoee e
ia?aaiaeai ec Oaenie?a” /1946-1956 ??./) na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui Oaeni??
aeey Ianoa?iaea – oea, ia?o ca ana, ”aeeoy i?e?iaee”, a eiai oai?e –
“?aeaae ? aa?oeia ienoaoeoaa ?aae?cio”. Naia ?aae?ci, “caeo/aiiy aeeooy
o nai? oai?e”, “aeoo i?inoioe ? i?aaaee” caaacia/eee oai?ai Oaeni??a
oaeo aeiyoeiao aeeoo?caeaoi?noue. Aeey naiiai Ianoa?iaea
aeeoo?caeaoi?noue oaeni???anueeeo oai??a aoea iano?eueee i/aaeaeiith, ui
aaaaoi yaeu no/anii? eiio ae?eniino? caeaaaeeny i?iaeiaaeaiiyi eiiaae?e
? o?aaaae?e Oaeni??a: iaaeiei iueiai ?ic?a?oaaeeny ae?aie, noiae? ia
oaeni???anuee?, a ethaee, yeeo ne??cue cono??/aa Ianoa?iae, oae
iaaaaeoaaee aa?i?a Oaeni??a, ui caeaaaeeny eiio ia?niiaaeaie, ye? c?eoee
c? noi??iie oethaeaieo oai??a.

Eenoe Ianoa?iaea na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ienueiaiiee iino?eii ciaoiaeea o
aeeoo? noiae?noue ?c nthaeaoaie oaeni???anueeeo oai??a. Oeei, cia/iith
i??ith, ? iiyniththoueny iayai? o Ianoa?iaea /eneaii? caaaeee i?i aa?i?a
Oaeni??a, iiae?? eiai o?aaaae?e, a oaeiae oaeni???anuee? ia?ace ?
iioeae, ye? iaaoee o Ianoa?iaea aeeaieiai oa i?ea?iaeueiiai ?icaeoeo.

Oaeni???anuee? ia?ace aeieeee oaea a ?aii?e oai?/ino? Ianoa?iaea, ca
aeanyoee?ooy aei oiai, ye a?i caeiyany ia?aeeaaeaie Oaeni??a. Iaeiei c
ia?oeo oaeeo ia?ac?a, caiice/aiei Ianoa?iaeii o Oaeni??a, ? ia?ac
“iaeaaoiaeo a?aeueii” /a??o “Aeanyoeeaoea I?anie” (1915 ?.)/. Aiae?c
a??oa aea? iiaeeea?noue iiynieoe i?e/eie aeieeiaiiy oeueiai ia?aco o
Ianoa?iaea. Aeinoaoiuei i?iieeiooeny caaaeueiei iano?i?i a??oa –
iano?i?i iaa?aeiiino?, o?eaiaeiiai i/?eoaaiiy, ia?aae/oooy iaeaooueii?
a?aee, uia c?icoi?oe, ui ia?ac a?aeueii aeieea? ia aeiaaeeiai: oae naii,
ye ? a oaeni???anueeiio “Iaeaao?”, a?aeueie c’yaeythoueny ia?aae aa?i?i,
yeee iaiaaa?oueny cace?iooe o iaeaooi?.

C ae?aiaie Oaeni??a anioe?th?oueny o Ianoa?iaea ? ethaiaia ae?aia, yeo
ia?aaeeaa? ee??/iee aa?ie a??oa “Ia?ao?a”. Aiane?aeie oe??? anioe?aoe??,
i/aaeaeii, ? c’yaey?oueny a?aeiiee /ioe?ea??o Ianoa?iaea:

A oio aeaiue aanue oaay, io a?aaaiie aei iia,Eae o?aaee a i?iaeioeee
ae?aio Oaenie?iao,Iinee y n niaith e ciae iacoaie,Oaoaeny ii ai?iaeo e
?aiaoe?iaae.

(“Ia?ao?a”, 1916)

Aeecuee? aei Oaeni??a ? oaia ae?oaiai ia?iaeaeaiiy, ? iioea
“iaeoaeoaaiiy” a?ae aiioe?eiiai iio?yn?iiy, ye? cao/aoue o a??o?. Oea
aeieeaa? c i?iaaaeaiiai o ?iaio? ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co a??oa Ianoa?iaea
? o?aaeaaae?e Oaeni??a. Nii??aeiaia ?c oaeni???anueeith ? eiiiiceoe?eia
iacaaa?oai?noue oai?o, eiai a?aee?eo?noue iaeaooiueiio, “a?eiio ?aieo”
aace?ia/iiai na?oo.

Oaeni???anuee? ia?ace ? iioeae ciaoiaeeii o eiec? Ianoa?iaea “Nano?a iiy
aeeciue” (1917). O a??o? “O?iee aiaeeeneiai” oaeeie ia?acaie ? aa?i?i?
oaeni???anueeeo o?aaaae?e – Ioae?y ? Aeacaeaiiia. Ciaeueiaoth/e
aa?i?iue Oaeni??a ia ii?ic? ?oiuei? caaeaae?, Ianoa?iae i?aaia iieacaoe
i?ioean ?o ?aeiaiiy c i?e?iaeith. Oei naiei a?i ao?eth? o nai?io a??o?
oaeni???anueeo ?aeath i?i oa, ui ia?ao?ae o a?/i?noue a?aeaoaa?oueny
/a?ac iiaia ceeooy c i?e?iaeith.

Ia?ace Oaeni??a – Aaieao oa Ioae?y – cono??/athoueny ua a iaeiiio a??o?
eieae “Nano?a iiy aeeciue” – “Aeaia”. Aiae?coth/e a??o, iaienaiee ae?oeo
1917 ?ieo, aaoi? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeoue aiaeia?th c o?aaaae?yie
Oaeni??a, ?noi??y eioaiiy a eio?eo ?icaeaa?oueny ia oe? ?noi?e/ieo
iiae?e, a ethaiai? ia?aaeeaaiiy ia?aie?oathoueny c a?iiaaeyinueeeie
iio?yn?iiyie, ?noi?e/ieie ia?aai?ioaie.

Aieea Oaeni??a-ae?aiaoo?aa iaea?eueo neeueii a?aeaeaa?oueny o
“Ae?aiaoe/aneeo io?uaeao” Ianoa?iaea (1917?.). Ia o?eueee oaiaoeea oai?o
iaaeeaea? eiai aei nthaeao?a Oaeni??a, aea e neeaaeia ia?acia nenoaia,
iane/ai?noue ii??aiyiiyie ? iaoaoi?aie, neeaaeiee neioaenen,
i?aeianaiee, o?i/enoee noeeue, ia oa?aeoa?iee aeey iiac?? Ianoaiaea. O
aeon? oaeni???anueeeo niiao?a iaienaiee ii/aoie o?eae?a: ?icaeaoe eiai
oiiaii ia o?e /ioe?ea??o? ? iaeei caeeth/iee aeaia??o, ie io?eia?ii
no?oeoo?o oaeni???anueeiai niiaoa; eiaeiee /ioe?ea??o i?e oeueiio iana a
nia? a?aeiinii cae?i/aio aeoieo, a ia?o? aeaa ?yaeee iiaeia ?iaeyaeaoe
ye naiai ?iaeo ca/ei, a yeiio ?ic?iaey?oueny iniiaia ?aeay, yea iaaoaa?
naiai iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo o oai??. O?i/enoi ? aaee/ii, o i?aeianaiiio,
aeaui ceia?niiio oii? – o?aaeeoe?eiee oii o?iaeueieo iiiieia?a Oaeni??a
– cao/aoue o Ianoa?iaea caeeth/i? iiiieiae aa?i?a. Aaeeea e?euee?noue
aoi?eci?a, iaoaoi?e/ieo aeneia?a ? i?aeianaieo ia?ac?a iineeth?
iiae?ai?noue aei oaeni???anueeeo iiiieia?a. Oeueiio ni?ey? ? oie oaeo,
ui oaanue oa?? Ianoa?iaea iaienaiee i’yoenoiiiei yiaii – ?ici??ii
niiaoiiai a??oa ? oai??a aaeeeeo oi?i o Oaeni??a.

A iaeiiio ?c nai?o a??o?a Ianoa?iae c oi/i?noueth a?aeoai?th? iacao
iaei??? c i’?n Oaeni??a – “Nii a eaoithth ii/ue” (1922 ?.). O a??o?
Ianoa?iaea iaia? i?yieo caaaeie i?i aa?i?a aai iiae?? iaeii?iaiii?
eiiaae?? Oaeni??a. Iaeiae oaia nio, “aeae?iue”, ye? aeieeathoue e?oiuei?
ii/?, oa ?icai?ioo?, niiaiai? niieith, e?ane ? iaooiaiiy iieno i?e?iaee
nii??aeiai? c oaeni???anueeeie.

? o Iana?iaea a??o, aaciina?aaeiuei i?enay/aiee aiae?enueeiio
ae?aiaoo?ao, – “Oaenie?” (1919 ?.). Caa?oath/enue aei noaoae Ianoa?iaea,
ye? ?ice?eaathoue aeaye? oaeoe a?ia?ao?? Oaeni??a, aaoi? ae?ine?aeaeaiiy
aea? naith o?aeoiaeo a??oa, caiaey/e ?? aei ?nioth/eo o oai?/ino?
Oaeni??a aeaio iai?yie?a: iaoo?iiaoe/iiai oa a?enoie?aoe/iiai. C?oeiaiiy
oeeo iai?yie?a o a??o? Ianoa?iaea i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeieeiaiiy
eiioe?eoii? neooaoe??.

O cai?iiiiiaaiiio aeine?aeaeaii? iaaiaeeoueny ?yae ?ioeo ia?ac?a ?
iioea?a oai??a Oaeni??a, ye? iaaoaathoue ?icaeoeo o Ianoa?iaea aai
cono??/athoueny o iueiai eeoa ai?ciaee/ii. Aiie aeieeathoue ye o
e??e/ieo (a??o? “Eiiaoe”, “?ac?ua”, “Eeaaaoieeai”, “A?thniao”), oae ? a
i?iciaeo oai?ao Ianoa?iaea (“Io?aiiay a?aiioa”, “Iuoue”, “Ethaee e
iieiaeaiey”, “Ia?aua iiuou”, “Aiaeeaniaa /a?oa”), a oaeiae o eiai
eenoao.

Aiae?c oai??a, ye? iaeaaeaoue aei i?ciueiai ia??iaeo e?oa?aoo?ii?
ae?yeueiino? Ianoa?iaea, iieaco?, ui aieea Oaeni??a o oeae ia??iae ia
o?eueee ia iineaaeth?oueny, a e noa? ua a?eueo a?ae/ooiei, aaeaea ca
iea/eia o iueiai – aaaaoie?oiy i?aoey iaae ia?aeeaaeaie oaeni???anueeeo
ae?ai; i?aoey, i?ae aieeaii yei? aeieea? aeaniee ae?aiaoe/iee oa??
Ianoa?iaea – i’?na “Neaiay e?anaaeoea” (1960 ?.). O ?iaio?
aecia/athoueny iniiai? ?ene, ye? iaaeeaeathoue i’?no Ianoa?iaea aei
o?aaaae?e Oaeni??a: iayai?noue yne?aaiai ?noi?e/iiai oea; iaaecae/aeia
aeeiai?/i?noue oai?o, i?aaiaiiy iieacaoe on? i?ioeane o ?icaeoeo;
aaaaoiaa?ai?noue iiae, aaeeea e?euee?noue eaeaiao??a; “oaao?aeuei?noue”
oai?o, eiai iane/ai?noue iiae?yie ? aa?iyie; neea ? yne?aa?noue ae?ii/eo
oa?aeoa??a. Ia?ac oaeni???anueeiai Aaieaoa caeia? aaaeeeaa i?noea o
na?aeiiino? aieiaiiai aa?iy i’?ne – A?eai??y Aaaoiiiaa. I?i oa,
iane?eueee aeecueeee aei iueiai aa?ie Oaeni??a, na?ae/aoue iino?ei?
?icaeoie Aaaoiiiaa i?i Aaieaoa ? i?i o?aaaae?th Oaeni??a a oe?eiio.
Caeeaeaiith ia?ac?a ni?ey? ? oie oaeo, ui Aaaoiiia, iiae?aii aei
Aaieaoa, ieoa aeanio i’?no o i’?n?, ae?aaeath/e o i?e iioa?ii? aeoiee ?
i???.

I?ae aacia?a/iei aieeaii o?einionueeeo ?aeae oa aoiai?noe/ieo i?eioeei?a
Oaeni??a ieoa Ianoa?iae ?iiai “Aeieoi? AEeaaai”. Oa?? yaey? niaith naiai
?iaeo i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?icaeoi?a Oaeni??a i?i niene aeeooy, i?i iniiai?
i?iaeaie ethaenueeiai ?nioaaiiy. O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aeyaeai?
iniiai? ?ene iiae?aiino? ?iiaio aei i’?n Oaeni??a: iayai?noue oe?ieiai
?noi?e/iiai oea, noaaeaiiy aei ?noi??? ye aei i?ioeano, yeee i?io?ea?
iacaeaaeii a?ae aieueiaeo coneeue ethaeeie, ca’ycie aecia/ieo iiae?e ?
aeeoo?aeo iio?yn?iue c yaeuaie i?e?iaee. Ianoa?iae oi?ea?oueny o nai?io
oai?? oai ? i?iaeai, ye? ? iniiaieie o oai?i/ino? aiae?enueeiai
ae?aiaoo?aa: i?iaeaie “ethaeeia ? /an”, “ethaeeia ? aiioa”, a ye?e
“o?aaany ca’ycie /an?a”, oaie i?ioenoaaeaiiy iniaenoino? iaoiaio, oaie
aea?oiaiino?, ?aea? a?eueii? iniaenoino?, oaie aacnia?oy.

*eneaii? oaeoe na?ae/aoue i?i aeecuee?noue ia?ac?a aieiaieo aa?i?a
Ianoa?iaea ? Oaeni??a – TH??y AEeaaai ? Aaieaoa. Aa?ie Ianoa?iaea
aeeaiaeaeii oi/ii iiaoi?ea aeieth naiai e?oa?aoo?iiai iiia?aaeieea, ?
oey noiae?noue aeieue coiiaeaia, ia iao iiaeyae, noiae?noth
o?einionueeeo ia?aeiiaiue Ianoa?iaea ? Oaeni??a, ?o iiaeyae?a ia o?ae
?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano.

One?ae ca Oaeni??ii Ianoa?iae oaiaeeoue o na?e ?iiai oei
aa?iy-iaiae??aieea, ooea/a ?noeie, i?aaaee ethaenueeeo noinoie?a. O
iiooeao oe??? i?aaaee aa?ie aeoea? ii an?o eieao aeeoaenueeiai iaeea; ye
? oaeni???anueeiai Aaieaoa, eiai io/aoue noii?ae ? oeoaiiy,
?icaee?athoue noia?a/iino?.

Aeae? o aeine?aeaeaii? i?inoaaeo?oueny, ye a ia?ac? aieiaiiai aa?iy
ao?eththoueny iniiai? ?aea? oai?o – “?aeay a?eueii? iniaenoino?” oa
“?aeay aeeooy ye aea?oae”, ui a /a?aiaee ?ac iaaeeaea? eiai aei
oaeni???anueeiai Aaieaoa. sse ? Oaeni??, Ianoa?iae caa?oa?oueny aei
ia?aco aa?iy, yeee aoa iaeii/anii ? aa?i?i, ? aea?oaith /ano.
Ianoa?iae?anueea eiioeaioe?y aea?oiaii? iniaenoino? yaey? niaith nieaa
aaoi?nueei? a??e o aecaieueio neeo naiiiiaea?oae ? eiai ia?aeiiaiino?,
ui i?eei ?ioei aea?oaoaaoe ia iiaeia.

Oaia aea?oiaiino? o Ianoa?iaea, ye i?aaeei, ia? niaoeeo?/ii
o?enoeyinueea caaa?aeaiiy. Ia?ac O?enoa ? aeey Ianoa?iaea eeth/iaei ?
i?e noai?aii? ia?aco TH??y AEeaaai, ? a ?icoi?ii? oaeiai oa?aeoa?o, ye
oaeni???anueeee Aaieao. Ianoa?iae ?ice?eaa? niene aeie? aa?iy Oaeni??a,
iia’ycoth/e eiai n o?enoeyinueeei ?icoi?iiyi aea?oae, i?i ui na?ae/eoue
iiaeaiee o aeine?aeaeaii? aiae?c a??oa Ianoa?iaea “Aaieao”, a oaeiae
?ioa?i?aoaoe?y Ianoa?iaeii o noaoo? “Caia/aiey e ia?aaiaeai ec Oaenie?a”
o?aaaae?? aiae?enueeiai ae?aiaoo?aa.

Ianoa?iae, ye ? Oaeni??, aaaea naiai aa?iy aei iai?eeiyooy cea /a?ac
nia?oue aa?iy, i?e/iio ii?aeueia ia?aaaaa eeoa?oueny ca iei. A?eueoa
oiai, o aeia?ia?euei?e naiiiiaea?oa?, o c?a/aii? aa?i?i naaa naiiai
aaoi? aaa/a? caii?oeo eiai aacnia?oy. Iiae?aii aei Oaeni??a, Ianoa?iae
cae?i/o? na?e ?iiai ia aenie?e iioei?noe/i?e iio?, noaa?aeaeoth/e a??o o
iaeaooi?, o oi?aeanoai aeeooy, naiaiaee ? ni?aaaaeeeaino?.

Oaeni???anueeei aieeaii iiynith?oueny ? iayai?noue o Ianoa?iaea
iioa?iieo, iaaei?e?iaeieo aeaiaio?a, oaao?aeuei?noue eiai ?iiaio,
ii?aeiaiiy o iueiio aeaiaio?a o?aa?/iiai ? eii?/iiai. sse ? a i’?nao
Oaeni??a, aaeeea ?ieue ooo a?aeaiaeeoueny iiiieiaai ye caniao
naiiae?aaeaiiy aa?i?a.

AENIIAEE

Aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaiiai o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaiiy c?iaeaii
oae? aeniiaee:

1. Ia?aeeaaeia iiac?y Ianoa?iaea oa eiai i?ea?iaeueia oai?/?noue ? naiai
?iaeo niieo/aieie iinoaeeiaie. Aiie ia o?eueee aca?iiiia’ycai? ?
aca?iiaieeaathoue iaeia ia iaeio, aea e i?aai?/ii i?iaeiaaeothoue iaeia
iaeio.

2. ?aei?noue o i?aeoiae? Ianoa?iaea aei nai?? aeanii? oai?/ino? ? nai??
ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? ae?yeueiino? ? coiiaeee oie ca?a oai?/eo i?eioeei?a
Ianoa?iaea-iiaoa ? Ianoa?iaea-ia?aeeaaea/a, yeee aoei anoaiiaeaii a
?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

3. Ianoa?iae-ia?aeeaaea/ caaaeaee caeeoaany a??iee nia? ye iiaoo aeeaiei
i?ea?iaeueiiio. ? ooo eaeaoueny ia i?i oa, ui, ye aaaeathoue aeaye?
aeine?aeieee, Ianoa?iae canooiaa niaith aaoi??a, yeeo ia?aeeaaeaa. Oea
ieoaiiy ?icaeyaeaeiny oe?oa: nai aea?? oai??a a?aeaoaaany oaeei /eiii,
ui a?aoo?-?aoo ia?aeeaaee Ianoa?iaea noaee i?iaeiaaeaiiyi oeo aeoiie ?
ii/ooo?a, yeeie niiaiaia eiai i?ea?iaeueia iiac?y. Oiio ii?yae c
aaoi?ii, yeee ia?aeeaaea?oueny, aaa/a?oueny ia?ac Ianoa?iaea. A?i ia
canooia? eiai ? ia naiionoaa?oueny, a?i ?nio? ia??ai? c iei, oiio ui ye
iiao i?ea?iaeueiee iiae?ey? eiai iiaeyaee.

4. Iiaaoi?noai Ianoa?iaea-ia?aeeaaea/a iaea?eueo iiaii a?aeaeeiny a eiai
ia?aeeaaeao oaeni???anueeeo i’?n. Aieiaia caneoaa
Ianoa?iaea-ia?aeeaaea/a Oaeni??a a oiio, ui a?i ia?aaeaa o Oaeni???
aieiaia: Oaeni??a-iiaoa, Oaeni??a-ae?aiaoo?aa; noai?ea ia?aeeaae, yeee
eaaei i?iieea? o na?oea ? ?icoi aeyaea/a ? i?oeii noi?oue o na?aeiiino?
/eoa/a ii?o/ c oai?aie i?ea?iaeueii? ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e.

5. O?eaaea “oaeeaaiiy” o Oaeni??a a?ae/ooii aieeioei ia i?ea?iaeueio
oai?/?noue Ianoa?iaea, ia oi?ioaaiiy eiai na?oiaeyaeo oa anoaoeee,
?icoe?eei eiai iiaoe/iee a?naiae, caaaaoeei eiai iiac?th ? i?ico iiaeie
ia?acaie ? iioeaaie. Ianoa?iae aaaaoi /iio iaa/eany o Oaeni??a, ia?aeiya
ioae??noue o?einio?? aaeeeiai aoiai?noa. Oea aeiiiiaaaei eiio a
iiaoe/i?e i?aeoeoe? oieeaoe ae??aieo oai ? oa?aeoa??a, iiaa?oiaeo
iano?i?a, ye? iaioaaee a iiac?? oiai /ano.

6. A?ae/oaath/e aacnoii?aiee aieea Oaeni??a — o?einioa, aoiai?noa,
iiaoa, ae?aiaoo?aa, Ianoa?iae caaaeaee caeeoaany aeeaiei i?ea?iaeueiei,
naiiaooiei ienueiaiieeii. Iaaeoi aaeeea aoei o iueiio oai?/a ia/aei,
iaaeoi yne?aaee oaeaio a?i iaa, uia iiaeia aoei aiai?eoe i?i
yea-iaaoaeue caiice/aiiy aai iane?aeoaaiiy. Ia?ace ? iioeae, ye?
aeieeaee o Ianoa?iaea i?ae aieeaii /oaei? iiac??, caaaeaee iaaoaaee
aeeaieiai i?ea?iaeueiiai ?icaeoeo. *oaea aoei aeey iueiai /eiinue ia
c?acie ia?iaeaeoth/iai ia/aea, oaeiai ae, ye ? a?aaeaiiy a?ae
ciai?oiueiai na?oo. *oaea caaaeaee ii?iaeaeoaaei o iueiai nai?. Oiio ?
ia ai?oueny a?i i?oe ia o?nia caeeaeaiiy c eeaneeaie. Iiae?ai? cono??/?
ia aoee aeey iueiai iaaacia/ieie: neea eiai naiiaooiueiai oaeaioo,
na?ae?noue iiaoe/iiai iiaeyaeo aeicaieyee iieeanoe a iniiao nai?o oai??a
oaea a?aeii? ia?ace, aeath/e ?i aeeaieo i?ea?iaeueio o?aeoiaeo.

Oaeni?? oeacoaaa oeyo aei na?eicieo ae?aiaoe/ieo na?o?a, aeiaaeueieo
i?iaeai, a?aiae?icieo caaea/, aeeaieeo oa?aeoa??a. Naia oeei oeyoii ?
i?oia o nai?e oai?/ino? Ianoa?iae – iiao ? i?ica?e.

CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? IIOAE?EIAAII OAE? ?IAIOE:

1. Eiiiiiaa AE. A. O?e ca?eaea. «Aaieao» a ia?aaiaeao I.Eiceineiai,
A.?aaeeiaie, A.Ianoa?iaea. // ?onneay oeeieiaey. Oe?aeineee
aanoiee.-Oa?ueeia, 1996.- ? 3-4.- N. 9-13.

2. Eiiiiiaa AE.A. 74-e niiao A.Oaenie?a a ?onneeo ia?aaiaeao //
Ie?iaay eeoa?aoo?a a oeiea e aoca.- Oa?ueeia, 1996.- Aueo. 4.- N. 1-6.

3. Eiiiiiaa AE.A. Eiioeaioeey aea?oaaiiie ee/iinoe a oai?/anoaa
A.E.Ianoa?iaea // Iaoeia? caienee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee. Na??y
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai.- Oa?e?a, 1997.- Aei. 6(11).-N. 63-68.

4. Eiiiiiaa AE.A. «Ea?a a ethaeae» eee «Auoiae eaeae ia iiaeiinoee». 0
oaao?aeueiinoe ?iiaia «Aeieoi? AEeaaai» e oai?/anoaa A.Ianoa?iaea a
oeaeii // Iaoeia? caienee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee. Na??y e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai.- Oa?e?a,
1998.- Aei. 4(15).- N. 80-83.

AIIOAOe??

Eiiiiiaa AE. I. A. Oaeni?? o oai?/iio na?o? A. Ianoa?iaea. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy o/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01. 02 – ?in?enueea e?oa?aoo?a. — Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A. N. Neiai?iaee, Oa?e?a,
1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeai? “oaeni??ecia” oai?/ino? aeaeaoiiai
?in?enueeiai iiaoa ? i?ica?ea OO noie?ooy A. Ianoa?iaea. O ?iaio?
aecia/a?oueny nooi?noue oaeni???anueeiai aieeao ia i?ea?iaeueio
oai?/?noue Ianoa?iaea, aeyaeythoueny iniiai? oaie, ia?ace ? iioeae
oai??a Oaeni??a, ui ciaeoee a?aeaoe a iiac?? oa i?ic? ?in?enueeiai
ienueiaiieea. ?iiai Ianoa?iaea “Aeieoi? AEeaaai” aia?oa aiae?co?oueny a
eiioaeno? aieeao oaeni???anueei? iiac?? ? ae?aiaoo?a?? ia i?ea?iaeueio
oai?/?noue Ianoa?iaea. Iaea?aeai? aiane?aeie aeine?aeaeaiiy aeniiaee
na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui Oaeni?? c?a?aa aaaeeeao ?ieue o oai?/?e aaiethoe??
?in?enueeiai ienueiaiieea, o oi?ioaaii? eiai na?oiaeyaeo ? anoaoeee,
caaaaoea iiac?th ? i?ico Ianoa?iaea iiaeie oaiaie, ia?acaie ? iioeaaie.
ssne?aaee naiiaooi?e oaeaio Ianoa?iaea ni?eya oiio, ui, iaa?yi?
oaeni???anueeith iiac??th ia?ace ? iioeae, ye i?aaeei, iaea?aeoaaee o
iueiai iiaeaeueoee, aeeaiei i?ea?iaeueiee ?icaeoie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eiioaeno, aaiethoe?y, oai?/?noue, na?oiaeyae, anoaoeea,
iioea, ia?ac, naiiaooi?noue.

Eiiiiiaa AE.A. A.Oaenie? a oai?/aneii ie?a A.Ianoa?iaea.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.02 – ?onneay eeoa?aoo?a. — Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao ei. A.N.Neiai?iaeu,
Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia “oaenie?ecia” oai?/anoaa e?oiiaeoaai
?onneiai iiyoa e i?icaeea OO aaea A.Ianoa?iaea. A ?aaioa ii?aaeaeyaony
nouiinoue oaenie?ianeiai aeeyiey ia i?eaeiaeueiia oai?/anoai Ianoa?iaea,
auyaeythony iniiaiua oaiu, ia?acu e iioeau i?iecaaaeaiee Oaenie?a,
iaoaaeoea ioeeee a iiycee e i?ica ?onneiai ienaoaey. ?iiai Ianoa?iaea
“Aeieoi? AEeaaai” aia?aua aiaeece?oaony a eiioaenoa aeeyiey
oaenie?ianeie iiycee e ae?aiaoo?aee ia i?eaeiaeueiia oai?/anoai
Ianoa?iaea. Iieo/aiiua a ?acoeueoaoa enneaaeiaaiey auaiaeu
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i oii, /oi Oaenie? nua?ae aaaeioth ?ieue a oai?/aneie
yaiethoeee ?onneiai ienaoaey, a oi?ie?iaaiee aai ie?iaicc?aiey e
ynoaoeee, iaiaaoee iiyceth e i?ico Ianoa?iaea iiauie oaiaie, ia?acaie e
iioeaaie. ss?eee naiiauoiue oaeaio Ianoa?iaea niinianoaiaae oiio, /oi,
iaaayiiua oaenie?ianeie iiyceae ia?acu e iioeau, eae i?aaeei, iieo/aee o
iaai aeaeueiaeoaa, aeoaiei i?eaeiaeueiia ?acaeoea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiioaeno, yaiethoeey, oai?/anoai, ie?iaicc?aiea,
ynoaoeea, iioea, ia?ac, naiiauoiinoue.

Kononova Z.A. Shakespeare in Pasternak’s creative world. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidates degree by speciality 10.01.02 – Russian
literature.- Kharkov Pedagogical University, Kharkov, 1998.

The work is devoted to the problem of Shakespeare’s influence on the
creative works of Boris Pasternak, the prominent Russian poet and prose
writer of the XX-th century. The essence of Shakespeare’s influence on
Pasternak’s original works is determined. The main subjects, motives
and images from Shakespeare’s works which found response in
Pasternak’s poetry and prose are revealed. For the first time
Pasternak’s novel “Doctor Zhivago” is analyzed in the context of
Shakespeare’s influence on Pasternak’s creation. The conclusions
obtained during the investigation testify about the fact that
Shakespeare has played an important part in the evolution of Pasternak’s
creative world, forming his outlook and aesthetics. Shakespeare enriched
Pasternak’s poetry and prose with new subjects, images and motifs.
Pasternak’s brilliant original talent favoured further, profound and
original development of Shakespeare’s motifs and images.

Key words: context, evolution, creation, outlook, aesthetics, motif,
image, originality.

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