I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

AeIIAOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AANEOAO AEIIII?EE ? OI?A?AE?

??UeII?IA Ethaeieea Ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE 658.71: (477) : (043.3)

OI?AAE?IIss CAEOI?AAEUeIITH Ae?ssEUeI?NOTH IA INIIA? IA?EAOEIAO A OIIAAO
OI?IOAAIIss ?EIEIAI? AEIIII?EE OE?A?IE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.02. — I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa ia?eaoeia

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy

iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee -1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ia?eaoeiaiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aaneoaoo aeiiii?ee ? oi?a?ae? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaeaaaiiaa Ethaeieea
Aai?ai?i?aia

Aeiiaoeueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

aeiiii?ee ?
oi?a?ae?, caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith

ia?eaoeiaiaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

I?ieiiaiei Ieeiea
Aeieo?iae/,

?inoeooo aeiiii?ee
i?iieneiaino?

Iaoe?iiaeueii?
Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoth/ee
a?aeae?eii i?iaeai

?aa?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee

eaiaeeaeao
aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ia?oee?ia Oaoyia
Ieeiea?aia,

Oa?e?anueea
aea?aeaaiae aeaaeai?y

oaoiieia?? oa
i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy,

caa?aeoth/a
eaoaae?ith ia?eaoeiao oa

eiia?oe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aiaaeueii-

aeiiii?/iee
oi?aa?neoao

I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

eaoaae?a
ia?eaoeiao, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 19 n?/iy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 11.055.01 o Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? aeiiii?ee ? oi?a?ae?ca aae?anith: 340050, i. Aeiiaoeuee,
aoe.Ui?na,31.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aeiiii?ee ? oi?a?ae? ca aae?anith: 340017,
i.Aeiiaoeuee, a.Oaa/aiea,30.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_18____” a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee
Aeiia?aaeiaa I.A.

19

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ?
iaiao?aeiei i?eioeeiiai iiaee i?aeo?ae aei iaeiiai c iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo
iai?yie?a ainiiaea?uenei? ae?yeueiino? oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa —
eiia?oe?eii? ae?yeueiino?. Aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith eiia?oe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? yaey?oueny caeoi?aey oiaa??a, cia/ou?noue yei? cia/ii
c?inoa? a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. ?acii c oei, a?o/eciyi?
i?aei?e?ioe? ia iathoue aeinoaoiueiai aeina?aeo o cae?eniaii?
caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o iiaeo oiiaao. O cayceo c oeei aeieea?
iaiao?aei?noue aaeineiiaeaiiy on??? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth.

Aaeeea oaaaa ieoaiiyi iaoiaeieia?? oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee i?eae?eaia a?o/eciyieie oa
caei?aeiiieie a/aieie: Aaeaaaiiaith E.A., Aeaieii A.?.,
A?oainueeei I.N., Aeo?iae/ai A.I., Ea?aeaoai A.ss., Eaee? Aeae.,
Eioea?ii O., Eaiaaiii AE., Iaie?aoiaei O.A., ?iiaiiaei I.I., Oai?iei
E.I., Aaainii Aeae. oa ?i. Iaeiae o oeeo ?iaioao i?iaeaie oi?aae?iiy
caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth ?icaeyaeaeeny aac o?aooaaiiy ia?eaoeiaiai?
i???ioaoe?? oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa.

Aeey ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie ia?ai???ioaoe?? caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino? ia
ia?eaoeia iaiao?aeieie ? ianooii? oiiae: oi?ioaaiiy iioi/ii? oa
ia?niaeoeaii? iie?oeee oi?aiaaeueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa a iaeano?
ani?oeiaioo oa yeino? oiaa??a ?c caaacia/aiiyi i??i?eoaoo niiaeeaa/?a;
o/anoue o oi?ioaaii? ani?oeiaioii? iie?oeee oiaa?iae?iaiee?a c
i???ioaoe??th ia ?eiie c o?aooaaiiyi aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo oiaa??a;
oi?ioaaiiy iaa?oioiaaieo cayaie oa caeac?a ia ae?iaieoeoai oa iinoa/aiiy
oiaa??a; caeoi?aey oiaa??a c o?aooaaiiyi ?o niiaeea/eo yeinoae, oe?i,
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, a oaeiae aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo oiaa??a.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, ?? oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaoiiaeee
aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoo oa ci?no.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
ca?aeii eiiieaeniiai ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeeo ?ia?o
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aaneoaoo aeiiii?ee ? oi?a?ae? oa
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie ? 97 — 15 “Ia?eaoeiaiaee iaiaaeaeiaio”. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? aoea caoaa?aeaeaia a/aiith ?aaeith AeiiAeOAO 23.02.1995
?ieo (i?ioieie ? 7).

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?? yaey?oueny ?ic?iaea
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth ia iniia?
ia?eaoeiao a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie .

Aeoiaey/e c iinoaaeaii? iaoe o ?iaio? aoei iinoaaeaii caaea/?:

-aecia/eoe i?iaeaie oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth o
oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaao;

— i?iaanoe aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoeee aeei?enoaiiy aeaiaio?a ia?eaoeiao o
caeoi?aaeuei?e ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao ?eieo;

— cae?enieoe aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy caeoi?aaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? o oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaao;

— aeine?aeeoe i?ioean oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth
oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa;

— i?iaanoe aiae?c ?eceeo o iaiaaeaeiaio? caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?;

— ?ic?iaeoe aeie-noaio oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth a oiiaao
ia?eaoeiaiai? i???ioaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa;

— i?iaanoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eceeo o caeoi?aaeuei?e ae?yeueiino? oa
?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oi?aae?iiy iei.

I?aaeiao oa ia?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy noaa
i?ioean oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth oi?aiaaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie.

Ia?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?aei?e?inoaa iioiai? oa ?icae??aii? oi?a?ae?
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?, ye? ?aae?cothoue niiaeea/? oiaa?e.

Oai?aoe/iith oa iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee iaoeia?
oa oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo c i?iaeai
oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth, ia?eaoeiao, iaiaaeaeiaioo,
caeiiiaeaa/? oa ii?iaoeai? aeoe Oe?a?ie. A ?iaio? aeei?enoaii iaoa??aee
Oi?aae?iiy noaoenoeee Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?, ca?oi? aeai? i?aei?e?inoa,
ye? aeine?aeaeoaaeenue, aeai? i?iaaaeaieo aeena?oaioii iieooaaiue
ea??aiee?a oa oao?aoe?a oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o oiio, ui o ?iaio?
ae??oaii ?yae iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo
i?iaeai ca oaiith aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aaoi?ii iaea?aeaii ianooii? iia?
iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe:

— ?ic?iaeaii oa ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeie-noaio oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao ia?eaoeiaiai?
i???ioaoe??, yea i?noeoue o nia? ianooii? aeaiaioe: oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie
ia?eaoeiaiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth;
ona?aeiieaiiy oa ?ic?iaea i?iaeaie; iiooe oa aea?? iinoa/aeueiee?a;
aecia/aiiy iio??oaii? e?eueeino? iaiao?aeiiai oiaa?o; ioe?iea
oa?aeoa?enoee oiaa??a; aecia/aiiy no?aoaa?/ieo cii aeey oiaa??a o
iao?eoe? AEA oa no?aoaa?? aeey eiaeii? oiaa?ii? a?oie; aecia/aiiy
aoaeoeaiino? eiia?oe?eieo oaiae; aea?? eaiae?a ?iciiae?eo; i?aai?caoe?y
iinoa/aiiy; oi?aae?iiy oiaa?ieie caeeoeaie; eiio?ieue oa ?aaoethaaiiy
caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?;

— cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia ia?eaoeiaiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei caaacia/aiiy
caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?, yea ioiieth? iniiai? oaeoi?e iae?i — oa
i?e?ina?aaeiaeua o i?ioean? oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth
oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa;

— ?ic?iaeaii ci?no iaeiie/oaaeueii? ea?oioaee c ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?;

— ?ic?iaeaii caaaeaio iao?eoeth ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? oa
i?eaaaeeaino? oiaa?o, ui caeoiiao?oueny, yea i?noeoue o nia? iieacieee
ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? oa i?eaaaeeaino? i?iaeiaieue/eo oa
iai?iaeiaieue/eo oiaa??a;

— cai?iiiiiaai? no?aoaa?? caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o caeaaeiino? a?ae
?eieiai? /anoee oiaa?o;

— ?ic?iaeaii oi?io oa ci?no i?io?eth iioaioe?eieo iinoa/aeueiee?a;

— ?ic?iaeaiee ci?no aaieo aeaieo c aeiiii?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee oiaa??a
oi?aiaaeueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa;

— cai?iiiiiaaiee ci?no no?aoaa?/iiai, oaeoe/iiai,
iia?aoeaiiai eiio?ieth i?eaooeiaino? caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino? oa
i?iiiceoe?? uiaei eiai aeei?enoaiiy;

— ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio ?ioaa?iaaiiai ia?eaoeiao a oi?aae?ii?
caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth, yea ioiieth? ooieoe?? oi?aae?iiy
caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth oa a?aeiia?aei? ?i aeaiaioe no?aoaa?/iiai
oa iia?aoe?eiiai ia?eaoeiao;

— ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy
caeoi?aaeueieie ?eceeaie a oiiaao ia?eaoeiaiai? i???ioaoe??, yeee
aeeth/a? oae? noaae??: ia?aaeaa/aiiy, ioe?iea caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo;
aecia/aiiy iaeaaeiino? caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo aei cii ?eceeo; ioe?iea
??aiy caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo; aea?? no?aoaa?? a iaeano? caeoi?aaeueieo
?ecee?a oa ?aae?caoe?y caoiae?a; eiio?ieue oa ?aaoethaaiiy
caeoi?aaeueieo ?ecee?a;

— cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy i?aei?e?inoaaie a?aeiia?aeieo no?aoaa?e a

caeaaeiino? a?ae ??aiy caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo;

— ?ic?iaeaia iao?eoey ioe?iee ??aiy caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo
a oiaiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaao, yea o?aoiao? iniiai? aeaee neooaoe?e
cae?eniaiiy caeoi?ae?, ??aaiue eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? oa i?eaaaeeaino?
oiaa?o, ??aaiue ioe?iee iinoa/aeueiee?a, i?iaiic aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? caeoi?ae?, ciio caeoi?aaeueiiai ceeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo
oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aoaea ni?eyoe aaeineiiaeaiith
oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.
Aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? eiiith ?e oa?ii? i?ia?aie ioe?iee
caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo, aeeiiaii? o na?aaeiaeu? oaaee/iiai i?ioeani?o
Exnel — 5.0 aeey Windows, aoaea ni?eyoe ia o?eueee aecia/aiith oa
ioe?ioe? ?eceeo, aea e i?eeiyooth nai?/anieo caoiae?a uiaei eiai
cieaeaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e aeeeaaeaii? aeenoeeie?i: “Iaiaaeaeiaio”,
“Ia?eaoeia”, “Oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaaie oi?a?ae?”, “Ia?eaoeiaiaee
iaiaaeaeiaio”, a oaeiae o oiae? aeeiiaiiy aeeieiiieo oa iaa?noa?nueeeo
?ia?o.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa iiai?noth yaey?oueny
?acoeueoaoii naiino?eiiai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. O i?ioean?
aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?eniaii e?eoe/iee iaeyae iaoeiai? oa iaoiaee/ii?
e?oa?aoo?e a iaeano? oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth. Aecia/aii
iniaeeaino? oa i?iaeaie oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth
oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie. Aiae?oe/ia /anoeia ?iaioe aeeiiaia
ia iniia? ia?iaee ca?oieo aeaieo oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa, a oaeiae
?acoeueoao?a iieooaaiiue ?o ea??aiee?a oa oao?aoe?a, i?iaaaeaieo
aeena?oaioii iniaenoi.

Iniaenoi aeena?oaioii aeeiiaia eiino?oeoeaia /anoeia, cie?aia
?ic?iaeaii: aeie-noaio oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth a oiiaao
ia?eaoeiaiai? i???ioaoe??, aeai?eoi i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiei
?eceeii, eiiithoa?ia i?ia?aia uiaei ioe?iee caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo oa
?i.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia 5 iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo AeiiAeOAO (o 1994 — 1998 ?ieao) oa ia iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? Iieoaaueeiai eiiia?aoeaiiai ?inoeoooo (o 1998 ?ioe?).
Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aeei?enoai? i?e aeeiiaii? 2
aea?aeathaeaeaoieo oai: ? Ae — 96 — 15 “Ia?eaoeiaiaee iaiaaeaeiaio” (o
?icae?e? “Oi?aae?iiy eiia?oe?eiith ae?yeuei?noth ia iniia? ia?eaoeiao”),
? Ae — 98 — 1 “Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o
ei?ii?aoeaii? no?aoaa?? i?aei?e?inoaa ia iniia? SWOT — aiae?co” oa
i?e aeeiiaii? 3 ainiaeiaia??ieo

oai: ? 637/97 “?ic?iaea iaoeiaeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
oi?aae?iiy eiia?oe?eiith ae?yeuei?noth ia iniia? ia?eaoeiao”; ? 643/97
“Iaoeia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeine?aeaeaiiy iioaa oa oeiieia??
niiaeeaa/?a”; ? 638/97 “?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei
i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ?eieo aaaiaiyieo oeaiei”.

?ic?iaeai? o aeena?oaoe?? i?iiiceoe?? oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? noaaeaii
oi?aiaaeueieie i?aei?e?inoaaie Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?, i?i ui na?ae/aoue
aeia?aeee i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 10 ?ia?o,
caaaeueiei ianyaii 4, 28 ae?.a?e., c eio?eo 4, 25 ae?.a?e. iaeaaeaoue
iniaenoi aaoi?o.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo caaaeueiei ianyaii 150 noi??iie, ye? i?noyoue 37
oaaeeoeue ? 13

?enoie?a (ianyaii 13 noi??iie), nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?ioi?iaoe??
?c 134 iaeiaioaaiue oa 5 aeiaeaoe?a (ianyaii 16 noi??iie).

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “Niaoeeo?ea ? caaea/? oi?aae?iiy
caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei”:

— ooi/iaii o?aeoiaeo iiiyooy “caeoi?aey oiaa??a” o oi?a?ae?;

— aecia/aii oe?e? oa caaea/? oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth a
oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee: caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa ianaeaiiy o oiaa?ao
a?aeiia?aeii c ?o aeiiaaie aei ani?oeiaioo oa yeino?; caeoi?aey oiaa??a
o ianyc?, yeee a?aeiia?aea? caieoai ?eieo oa caaacia/o? iioeiaeueiee
??aaiue oiaa?ieo caeeoe?a; iie?eooy aeo?ao oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa oa
io?eiaiiy aeioiae?a; caaacia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo oiia oiaa?iiinoa/aiiy ca
aeiiiiiaith cae??ieaiiy oa ?icaeoeo ainiiaea?nueeeo cayce?a c
iinoa/aeueieeaie, a oaeiae aeiaeaoeiai? caeoi?ae? oiaa??a o ii?yaeeo
?aciaeo oaiae;

— aeyaeaii iniiai? i?iaeaie, ye? cieaeothoue aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy
caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa ia no/aniiio
aoai?: oyaeea o?iainiaa noaiiaeua oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa; cieaeaiiy
eoi?aaeueii? ni?iiiaeiino? ianaeaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeo?a
oa?/oaaiiy o oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaao ca ?aooiie c?inoaiiy
?aae?caoe?? iniiaii? iane i?iaeoeo?a ia ?eieao; o?oaeiiu? o aecia/aii?
ani?oeiaioii? no?oeoo?e ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieo; iaai?iiy ?ia?oiee?a
oi?a?ae? i?iaiicoaaoe ia?niaeoeao, a oaeiae a?aenooi?noue ?ioi?iaoe??
i?i caieo, oi?aiaaeueio eiithieoo?o ia ie?ai? oiaa?e, yea i?eaiaeeoue
aei i?eeiyooy iaiaa?oioiaaieo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue a iaeano? caeoi?ae?
oiaa??a;

— c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui ooieoe?iioaaiiy oi?a?ae? o no/anieo oiiaao
ia?aaeaa/a? iineeaiiy ?eieiai? i???ioaoe?? oi?aiaaeueii? iie?oeee, ui
iaoiiaeth?

iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy i?eioeei?a oa aeaiaio?a ia?eaoeiao o
caeoi?aaeuei?e ae?yeueiino?. Caaea/ath i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeiia noaoe
i???ioaoe?y ia niiaeeaa/a, ia iaeneiaeueia caaeiaieaiiy eiai iio?aa.
Eiioeaioe?y ia?eaoeiao icia/a?, ui ony ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoa
iiaeiia aooe i?aeii?yaeeiaaia aeinyaiaiith iaoe — caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa
niiaeeaa/?a, a ia oe?e iniia? — i?aeaeuaiiy i?eaooeo oa caaacia/aiiy ?o
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?. Aeei?enoaiiy oe??? o?einio?? no/aniiai a?ciano
ia?aaeaa/a? aeaa iai?yiee aeoeaiino? o??ie: no?aoaa?/iee oa iia?aoe?eiee
ia?eaoeia. ?ieue no?aoaa?/iiai ia?eaoeiao a aiae?c? iio?aa eeth/iaeo
a?oi niiaeeaa/?a, a oaeiae ?ic?iaea eiioeaioe?? aoaeoeaieo oiaa??a /e
iineoa, yea aeicaiey? i?aei?e?inoao ianeoaiaoaaoe aecia/ai? oeie
niiaeeaa/?a e?aua i?ae eiieo?aioe. ?ieue iia?aoe?eiiai ia?eaoeiao
caiaeeoueny aei i?aai?caoe?? caeoi?ae?, caooo, eiioi?eaoe?e aeey
?ioi?ioaaiiy iioaioe?eieo iieoioe?a oa aeaiiino?aoe?? a?aei?iieo yeinoae
oiaa?o i?e cieaeaii? aeo?ao ia iiooe iieoioe?a;

— aecia/aii, ui a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei i?e iayaiino?
eiieo?aioe?? oa aeeiai?/iino? ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua eiia?oe?eia
ae?yeuei?noue noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?eceeii, oiio caaea/a ia?eaoeiaiai?
neoaeae iieyaa? o oiio, uia o ?aieao iniiaii? ainiiaea?/i? ae?yeueiino?
i?i?i?coaaoe i?aei?e?iieoeueeee ?ecee.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “Ia?eaoeiaiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?th/i?
i?aeoeee oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth ia oi?aiaaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoaao Oe?a?ie” i?iaaaeaii ia?eaoeiaiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?, i?ioeano
oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa,
?eceeo o iaiaaeaeiaio? caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?
aeicaieeei c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee.

O yeino? aeaea?ae ia?eaoeiaiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? a oi?aae?ii? caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth aeei?enoiaothoueny eaa?iaoi? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aeine?aeaeaiiy “iiey ae?yeueiino?”. sse iieacaee iieooaaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe
iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue iathoue a?eueoa cia/aiiy aeey oi?aiaaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoa, i?ae ?acoeueoaoe eaa?iaoieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui o
oi?aiaaeueieo

i?aei?e?inoaao ? aeina?ae aea/aiiy iiieoo oa aeei?enoaiiy a?aeia?aeii?
?ioi?iaoe?? o caeoi?aaeuei?e ae?yeueiino?, i?ae oei ia i?aeoeoe?
ia?aaaaea? ?ioo?oeaiee i?aeo?ae, yeee a oiiaao c?inoaiiy aeeiai?/iino?
iiieoo i?eaiaeeoue aei iiieeie i?e ioe?ioe? iio?aa ?eieo, a cia/eoue
aei c?inoaiiy ?eceeo oi?aiaaeueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa. Oiio aaaeeeaa
cia/aiiy ia? aeyaeaiiy nooiaith aeiionoeiino? ?eceeo, a oea iiaeeeai
o?eueee ca iayai?noth iaea?eueo iiaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i iiieo, niiaeea/?
ia?aaaae, i?i eiieo?aioio ai?ioueao ia ?eieo, yeo iiaeooue aeaoe
?acoeueoaoe ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth o oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaao iieacaei, ui:

— iniiaiith i?iaeaiith ieaioaaiiy yaey?oueny aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai
ia?io caeoi?ae? oiaa??a. sse i?aaeei, ia i?aeoeoe? ia?i caeoi?ae?
oiaa??a, a oaeiae iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue oiaa?ieo caeeoe?a aecia/athoueny
aeoiaey/e c aeina?aeo oa ?ioo?oe?? oao?aoe?a oi?aiaaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoa. Iniiaia ?iciianthaeaeaiiy io?eiaee: iaoiae ieaioaaiiy
ia?io caeoiie, iiaycaiee c ?icae??aiei oiaa?iia?aii oa ?ic?aooiie
iioeiaeueiiai ?ici??o caeoi?ae? oiaa??a.

— ?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a caeoi?ae? oiaa??a oi?aiaaeuei? i?aei?e?inoaa
aeei?enoiaothoue: caiiaeaiiy ia iinoa/aiiy oiaa??a iaei??th ia?o??th,
caiiaeaiiy ia ?aaoey?ia iinoa/aiiy oiaa??a; eiaeiiaeaiia (eiaeiii?ny/ia)
caeoi?aey ca eioe?iai/ieie a?aeiiinoyie; io?eiaiiy oiaa??a ii i???
iaiao?aeiino?; eoi?aey oiaa??a c iaaaeiei caeaaaiiyi. I?e oeueiio
oi?aiaaeuei? i?aei?e?inoaa /ano?oa onueiai aeei?enoiaothoue iaoiaee
caiiaeaiiy ia ?aaoey?ia iinoa/aiiy oa io?eiaiiy oiaa?o ii i???
iaiao?aeiino?.

— iniiaiei eaiaeii ?iciiae?eo aeey 52,7% i?aei?e?inoa, ye?
aeine?aeaeoaaeenue, yaey?oueny iaeii??aiaaee eaiae, aeey 25,4% —
aeai??aiaaee, aeey 22,0 % — o?ueio??aiaaee eaiae ?iciiae?eo.

— i?e caeoi?ae? oiaa??a oao?aoe? eiia?oe?eieo neoaea iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy
i?eae?eythoue oaeei oa?aeoa?enoeeai iinoa/aeueieea: ye?noue oiaa?o,
?aiooaoe?y iinoa/aeueieea, oe?ia oiaa?o, iniaeno? a?aeiioaiiy c
iinoa/aeueieeaie. Oi?aiaaeuei? i?aei?e?inoaa o i?ioean? caeoi?ae? ia
cae?eniththoue ioe?ieo eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? oiaa??a, a eeoa
aea/athoue ie?ai? oa?aeoa?enoeee oiaa??a, i?e oeueiio ia?aaaae
a?aeaeathoue yeino? oiaa??a, aa?oino?, ciai?oiueiio aeaeyaeo.

— o oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaao, ye? aeine?aeaeoaaeeny, cae?enith?oueny
eiio?ieue caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o?ueio aeae?a: iiia?aaei?e,
iioi/iee oa caeeth/iee, oiae? ye o ?eieiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy
aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue cae?eniaiiy on?o aeae?a ia?eaoeiaiaiai eiio?ieth:
no?aoaa?/iiai, oaeoe/iiai oa iia?aoeaiiai eiio?ieth i?eaooeiaino?.
?acoeueoaoe iae?eo oa eiio?ieth yaeythoueny iniiaith ?aaoethaaiiy
caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?, yea cae?enith?oueny c aieo aea?aeaae oa o
oi?aiaaeueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa. O?eueee aoaeoeaiee eiio?ieue
caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino? iiaea caaacia/eoe oni?oia ?aaoethaaiiy
caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?.

— a i?aei?e?inoa? ?aaoethaaiiy caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?
cae?enith?oueny oeyoii ai?eiai iaiaa?oaaiiy oiaa?ieie, o?iainiaeie oa
o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie. Iaiaa?oaaiiy oiaa?ieie ?ano?naie ia?aaeaa/a?
i?aeo?eieo iioeiaeueiiai ??aiy oiaa?ieo caeeoe?a, aeey /iai o
oi?aiaaeueiiio i?aei?e?inoa? o caeaaeiino? a?ae aeaeo oiaa??a iiaeii?
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ia?eaoeiaia? no?aoaa??: “o?eniaaiee ?ici??
caiiaeaiiy”, “o?eniaaiee ?ioa?aae”, “iaeei ia iaeei”.

— i?e aeai?? oiaa??a oa iinoa/aeueiee?a ?ia?oieee eiia?oe?eieo neoaea
aaeeea cia/aiiy i?eae?eythoue oe?i? oiaa?o. Aecia/aiiy oe?ie o
oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaao cae?enith?oueny aeo?aoiei iaoiaeii, aea o
?eieiaeo oiiaao oeueiai iaaeinoaoiuei, iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe oaeiae
aeinooii?noue oe?ie aeey niiaeeaa/a, oe?ie eiieo?aio?a.

— aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui o na?aaeiueiio eiia?oe?ei?
neoaeae aeeiiothoue o?eueee 73% ooieoe?e c oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth. ?acii c oei o ?eieiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy
oi?aiaaeueiei i?aei?e?inoaai iaiao?aeii ia o?eueee caaacia/eoe 100%
aeeiiaiiy ooieoe?e c oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth, aea ?
ai?iaaaeeoe o i?aeoeeo ?iaioe eiia?oe?eii? neoaeae aeaiaioe ia?eaoeiao.

— o a?eueoino? oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa niinoa??aa?oueny ciaioaiiy
/anoee ia?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? o aa?oino? oiaa?ii? iane oa c?inoaiiy
ianyao i?iaeaaeo o aa?oino? ia?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? (oaae. 1) , ui
yaey?oueny iiceoeaiei ?acoeueoaoii oiaa?ii? iie?oeee oi?aiaaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoa, ye? aeine?aeaeoaaeeny.

Oaaeeoea 1

Aeeiai?ea iniiaieo iieaciee?a ?acoeueoaoeaiino? oiaa?ii? iie?oeee
oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa

I?aei?e?inoaa *anoea ia?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? o aa?oino? oiaa?ii?
iane,%Ianya i?iaeaaeo o aa?oino? ia?aae?ciaaiii? i?iaeoeoe??,
oen.a?i.1995 a.1996 a.A?aeoe-eaiiy1995 a.1996 a.A?aeoe-eaiiyAOAO
“Aeiiaoeueeee OeOI”1,81,73- 0,0754,456,7+2,3AOAO OE
“Iaye”2,063,05+0,9947,531,7-15,8AAO OAe “?aaeoaa”4,92,49-
2,4119,139,2+20,1OIA “Nii?oae”8,09,7+1,75,99,3+3,4AOAO
“Acoooy”22,811,5- 1,33,47,7+4,3AO
“Oe?iioaaeae?y”12,914,3+1,47,75,9-1,8AOAO
“I?ii?iue”5,65,5-0,116,917,0+0,1AOAO
“Ieuea?y”35,26,6-28,61,8414,2+12,36AO“Eoeaeoaanueea”16,517,1+0,65,04,9-0
,1OIA “Ei?oan”6,94,8-2,113,419,7+6,3OIA
“Ieeaei”24,825,2+0,43,02,96-0,04OIA “Iea?”13,526,8+13,36,53,25-3,25

-ia i?aeoeoe? iathoue i?noea ?eieia? oa niaoeeo?/i? ?eceee caeoi?ae?
oiaa??a. Ia ?eieia? ?eceee oi?aiaaeueia i?aei?e?inoai aieeaaoe ia iiaea,
iaaaoeai? iane?aeee niaoeeo?/ieo ?ecee?a iiaeeeai caiia?aoe
ca ?aooiie aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueieie ?eceeaie o
oi?aiaaeueiiio i?aei?e?inoa?. Iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeaiei iaoiaeii
ioe?iee caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo yaey?oueny iaoiae aenia?oieo ioe?iie.
?ic?aooiie na?aaeiueiai ??aiy caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo, iaoiiaeaiiai
iniiaieie oaeoi?aie, aeicaieea ?iciiae?eeoe oi?aiaaeuei? i?aei?e?inoa,
ye? aeine?aeaeoaaeenue, ca ciiaie ?eceeo. Oae, o cii? i?i?iaeueiiai
?eceeo ciaoiaeeoueny 4 oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaa, o cii? i?aeaeuaiiiai
?eceeo — 11 i?aei?e?inoa, ?i ne?ae iineeeoe caoiaee uiaei i?inoaaiiy
oiaa??a oa iino?eii eiio?iethaaoe ?eieiao neooaoe?th. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieacaei, ui ia i?aeoeoe? ia i?iaiaeeoueny iiae?aiee aiae?c,
caeoi?aaeueia ae?yeuei?noue cae?enith?oueny ?ioo?oeaii, aac iaiao?aeiiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?i?a, no?oeoo?e oa no?ie?a caeoi?ae? niiaeea/eo
oiaa??a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? — “Aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy
caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth ia iniia? ia?eaoeiao” ?ic?iaeaii ianooii?
i?iiiceoe?? uiaei iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth:

— ?ic?iaeaii oa ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei aeei?enoaiiy aeie-noaio
oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth a oiiaao ia?eaoeiaiai?
i???ioaoe?? ( ?en. 1). Oey aeie-noaia i?noeoue ianooii? aeaiaioe:
oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ia?eaoeiaiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth; ona?aeiieaiiy oa ?ic?iaea i?iaeaie; iiooe oa aea??
iinoa/aeueiee?a; aecia/aiiy iaiao?aeii? e?eueeino? oiaa?o; ioe?iea
oa?aeoa?enoee oiaa??a; aecia/aiiy no?aoaa?/ieo cii aeey oiaa??a o
iao?eoe? AEA oa no?aoaa?? aeey eiaeii? oiaa?ii? a?oie; aecia/aiiy
aoaeoeaiino? eiia?oe?eieo oaiae; aea?? eaiae?a ?iciiae?eo; i?aai?caoe?y
iinoa/aiiy; oi?aae?iiy oiaa?ieie caeeoeaie; eiio?ieue oa ?aaoethaaiiy
caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy iio?aae a ?ioi?iaoe??, iaiao?aeii? aeey oi?aae?iiy
caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth ia iniia? ia?eaoeiao, oi?aiaaeueiei
i?aei?e?inoaai aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe cai?iiiiiaaio nenoaio
ia?eaoeiaiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei caaacia/aiiy caeoi?aaeueii?
ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae iaeiie/oaaeueio ea?oioaeo ca cai?iiiiiaaiith
oi?iith aeey niaoe?aeueieo niinoa?aaeaiue, yea caaacia/eoue i?iaaaeaiiy
ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?.

I?e i?iaaaeaii? ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe iieooaaiiy iieoioe?a, ye? aeicaieyoue cynoaaoe
iioeaaoe?th iieoiie, ia?aaaae niiaeeaa/?a, ?o aeoieo i?i oiaa?e.

Aea?? aeaea?ae iinoa/aiiy oiaa??a ne?ae cae?enithaaoe ia iniia? ioe?iee
iinoa/aeueiee?a a?aeiia?aeii aei ?ic?iaeaiiai i?io?eth iioaioe?eieo
iinoa/aeueiee?a.

Aecia/aiiy ia?io caeoiie o e?euee?niiio oa aa?o?niiio ae?ac?
a?aeiia?aeii aei caieoo oe?eueiai? aoaeeoi??? oa caaacia/aiiy
iaiao?aeieo oiaa?ieo caeeoe?a aeioe?eueii cae?enithaaoe c o?aooaaiiyi
oaeeo oaeoi??a, ye: ?ici?? oiaa?ieo caeeoe?a o i?aei?e?inoa?, noaae?y
aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo oiaa??a, noai niiaeea/iai iiieoo.

I?e caeoi?ae? oiaa??a oi?aiaaeueiei i?aei?e?inoaai aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?ic?iaeaio a aeena?oaoe?? iao?eoeth ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? oa i?eaaaeeaino? oiaa?o, yeee caeoiiao?oueny.

Aea?? iaoiaeo caeoi?ae? oiaa??a ne?ae cae?enithaaoe c o?aooaaiiyi
aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo oiaa??a (AEOeO) oa ?o niaoeeo?ee.

?aaoethaaiiy caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?Eiio?ieue caeoi?aaeueii?
ae?yeueiino?Oi?aae?iiy oiaa?ieie caeeoeaie (no?aoaa?? oi?aae?iiy
oiaa?ieie caeeoeaie)I?aai?caoe?y iinoa/aiiy (iaoiae oaeaeeiai
?aaaoaaiiy)Aea?? eaiae?a ?iciiae?eo (ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie
?iciiae?eo oiaa??a)Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? eiia?oe?eieo oaiaeAecia/aiiy
no?aoaa?/ieo cii aeey oiaa??a o iao?eoe? AEA oa no?aoaa?? aeey eiaeii?
oiaa?ii? a?oieAea?? iaoiaeo caeoi?ae? oiaa??aIoe?iea oa?aeoa?enoee
oiaa?o (?ic?iaea iao?eoe? ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? oa

i?eaaaeeaino? oiaa?o)Aecia/aiiy iio??aii? e?eueeino?
iaiao?aeiiai oiaa?o (aecia/aiiy ia?io caeoi?ae? o e?euee?niiio oa
aa?o?niiio ae?ac? a?aeiia?aeii aei caieo?a oe?eueiaeo aoaeeoi??e
oa noaae?e aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo oiaa??a)Iiooe oa aea??
iinoa/aeueieea (?ic?iaea i?io?eth iioaioe?eieo iinoa/aeueiee?a oa
aea??

iinoa/aeueiee?a aeey o??ie)Ona?aeiieaiiy oa ?ic?iaea i?iaeaie
(ia?eaoeiaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?)Oi?ioaaiiy
nenoaie ia?eaoeiaiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth

?enoiie 1. ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aeie-noaia oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith

ae?yeuei?noth a oiiaao ia?eaoeiaiai? i???ioaoe??

Oi?aiaaeuei? i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeii? oi?ioaaoe oiaa?io no?aoaa?th ia
iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iao?eoe? Ainoii eiinaeoeia a?oi (AEA), ui
aeicaieeoue aecia/eoe no?aoaa?/i? ciie aeey oiaa??a. I?ney aecia/aiiy
no?aoaa?/ieo cii, a oaeiae noaae?e AEOeO oi?aiaaeuei? i?aei?e?inoaa
iiaeii? ia?aoe iaeio c o?ueio aeueoa?iaoeaieo no?aoaa?e: aoaeoth/o,
iai?iiio, a?aenooio.

Aeey aecia/aiiy no?aoaa?/ii? ciie aeey eiaeiiai oiaa?o o iao?eoe? AEA
oa aeai?o a?aeiia?aeii? oiaa?ii? no?aoaa?? oi?aiaaeueiiio i?aei?e?inoao
aeioe?eueii noai?thaaoe aaie aeaieo c aeiiii?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee oiaa??a
ca ?aeiiaiaeiaaiith noaiith.

Oi?aiaaeueiei i?aei?e?inoaai iaiao?aeii nenoaiaoe/ii ioe?ithaaoe
o?iainiaee aniaeo oi?aiaaeueieo oaiae ?c caeoi?ae? oiaa??a ca
?ic?iaeaiith o aeena?oaoe?? iiaeaeeth ioe?iee aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo
oi?aiaaeueieo oaiae.

Aea?? iioeiaeueieo eaiae?a caooo iiaeiai aacoaaoeny ia aiae?c? aeo?ao
i?aei?e?inoaa uiaei eiaeiiai iioaioe?eiiai eaiaeo caooo.

I?e aeei?enoaii? aeaiaio?a ia?eaoeiao a oi?aae?ii? caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth oi?aiaaeueiei i?aei?e?inoaai aeioe?eueii ia?aaeaa/aoe
iinoa/aiiy oiaa??a iaoiaeii “oaeaeeiai ?aaaoaaiiy”.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai ??aiy oiaa?ieo caeeoe?a oi?aiaaeueiei
i?aei?e?inoaai iaiao?aeii ia?aoe aeueoa?iaoeaio no?aoaa?th, iioeiaeueio
o aeaieo eiie?aioieo oiiaao: “o?eniaaiee ?ici?? caiiaeaiiy”,
“o?eniaaiee ?ioa?aae”, “iaeei ia iaeei”.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth
oi?aiaaeueiei i?aei?e?inoaai iaiao?aeii ia on?o aoaiao i?ioeano
oi?aae?iiy cae?enithaaoe ia?eaoeiaiaee eiio?ieue: no?aoaa?/iee,
oaeoe/iee, iia?aoeaiee eiio?ieue i?eaooeiaino?. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie
eiio?ieth ne?ae cae?enithaaoe ?aaoethaaiiy caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?
ca aeiiiiiaith aeei?enoaiiy ia?eaoeiaiaiai ?ino?oiaioa??th, i?e/iio
iaiao?aeia aeei?enoaiiy nenoaie ?ioaa?iaaiiai ia?eaoeiao -no?aoaa?/iiai
oa iia?aoe?eiiai (oaa. 2).

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii oa ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei aeei?enoaiiy aeai?eoi i?ioeano
oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiei ?eceeii a oiiaao ia?eaoeiaiai? i???ioaoe??
(?en. 2). Aeai?eoi aeeth/a? oae? noaae??: ia?aaeaa/aiiy caeoi?aaeueiiai
?eceeo; ioe?iea caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo; aecia/aiiy iaeaaeiino?
caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo aei cii ?eceeo; ioe?iea ??aiy caeoi?aaeueiiai
?eceeo; aea?? no?aoaa?? a iaeano? caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo oa ?aae?caoe?y
caoiae?a; eiio?ieue oa ?aaoethaaiiy caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo.

Ioe?ieo caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo aeioe?eueii cae?enithaaoe iaoiaeii
aenia?oieo ioe?iie ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii? eiiithoa?ii? i?ia?aie
ioe?iee caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo, yea aeeiiaia o na?aaeiaeu? oaaee/iiai
i?ioeani?o Exnel — 5.0 aeey Windows.

Oaaeeoey 2

Nenoaia ?ioaa?iaaiiai ia?eaoeiao a oi?aae?ii?

caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth

Ooieoe?? oi?aae?iiy caeo-Eioaa?iaaiee ia?eaoeiai?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?nothNo?aoaa?/iee ia?eaoeia Iia?aoe?eiee
ia?eaoeiaAeine?aeieoeueea ooieoe?yI?iaiicia aeine?aeaeaiiy
?eieoAeine?aeaeaiiy ?eieoAeine?aeaeaiiy iio?aa, niiaeea/eo
iai???aAeine?aeaeaiiy niiaeea/eo ia?a-aaa oa iai???aI?iaiicia
aeine?aeaeaiiy eiithi-eoo?e ?eieoAeine?aeaeaiiy iinoa/aeueiee?a

Aeine?aeaeaiiy eiieo?aio?aI?iaiicia aeine?aeaeaiiy iinoa-/aeueiee?a

I?iaiicia aeine?aeaeaiiy eiieo-?aio?aAeine?aeaeaiiy ani?oeiaioii?
no?oeoo?e, eiieo?aioini?i-iiaeiino?, ?eieiai? iiaecie, aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo
oiaa??a, oiaa?ieo caeeoe?aAeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? eiia?oe?eieo
oaiaeOi?aae?iiy ani?oe-iaioii oa ye?noth oiaa??aOi?ioaaiiy oiaa?ii?
no?aoaa?? o caeaaeiino? a?ae noaae?e aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo oiaa??aIoe?iea
oiaa??a ca iao?eoeath AEAAecia/aiiy no?aoaa?/ieo cii aeey oiaa??a o
iao?eoe? AEA ? no?aoaa?? aeey eiaeii? oiaa?ii? a?oieIoe?iea
eiieo?aioini?iiiae-iino? oa i?eaaaeeaino? oiaa??aOi?ioaaiiy
oi?aiaaeueiiai ani?-oeiaioo i?aei?e?inoaa ?c caaacia-/aiiyi i??i?eoaoo
niiaeeaa/?aCaeoi?aey oiaa??a c o?aooaai-iyi ?acoeueoao?a ioe?iee
eiieo-?aioini?iiiaeiino? oa aeeo-o?aiai oeeeeo oiaa??aOi?aae?iiy
?iciiae?eii oiaa??aAecia/aiiy no?aoaa?? oi?aae?iiy oiaa?ieie
caeeoeaieIaiaa?oaaiiy oiaa?ieie, o?-iainiaeie, o?oaeiaeie
?ano?-naieIoe?iea eaiae?a ?iciiae?eo oiaa??aI?aai?caoe?y
oiaa?i?oooI?aeaioiaea o?iainiaiai eiooi-?eno caeoi?ae?
oiaa??aAnoaiiaeaiiy ainiiaea?/eo cayce?a oa cae?eniaiiy aeiaia??-ieo
a?aeiineiCae?eniaiiy i?aaiai? oa i?aoaic?eii? ?iaioeAaaeaiiy
ca?oiino?Noeioethaaiiy caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?Aecia/aiiy iaoiae?a
noeioeth-th/iai aieeao ia iinoa/aeueiee?a, ia?niiaeIaaeaiiy
iina?aaeieeai aac-eiooiaii aai ia i?eueaiaeo oiiaao iaeaaeiaiiy aeey
ia?aae-i?iaeaaeiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiyIaaeaiiy cieaeie c i?iaeaaeii?
oe?ieI?ai??, a?ioia? aeiaai?iaeeI?iaaaeaiiy eiieo?n?a ia i?ioan?eio
iaenoa?i?noueIi?aeueia caioi/aiiy

Ia?aaeaa/aiiy caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeoIoe?iea caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo
(iaoiae aenia?oieo ioe?iie)Aecia/aiiy iaeaaeiino? caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo
aei ciie ?eceeo: aac?eceeiaa ciia, ciia i?i?iaeueiiai ?eceeo, ciia
i?aeaeuaiiiai ?eceeo, ciia e?eoe/iiai ?eceeo, ciia iaaeiionoeiiai
?eceeoIoe?iea ??aiy caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo: ?ecee a?aenooi?e, ?ecee
i?i?iaeueiee, ?ecee i?aeaeuaiee, ?ecee e?eoe/iee, ?ecee
iaaeiionoeieeAea?? no?aoaa?? a iaeano? caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo:
iioei?caoe?y, i?i?i?caoe?y, oieeiaiiy, aeeaa?neo?eaoe?yAea?? oaeoeee a
iaeano? caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo oa ?aae?caoe?y caoiae?aCiai?oi? caniae
cie-aeaiiy nooiaith ?ece-eo

— ciai?oi? no?aooaaiiyAioo??oi? caniae cieaeaiiy ?eceeo

— e?i?ooaaiiy ?eceeo

— aioo??oi? no?aoo-aaiiy ?eceeoEiio?ieue (ioe?iea o?aceeaino?
no?aoaa?/iiai ieaio caeoi?ae?)?aaoethaaiiy caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo

?enoiie 2. Aeai?eoi i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiei ?eceeii

a oiiaao ia?eaoeiaiai? i???ioaoe??
i?aei?e?inoaa

Aea?? no?aoaa?? oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa a iaeano? caeoi?aaeueiiai
?eceeo aeioe?eueii cae?enithaaoe ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy ?aeiiaiaeiaaii?
iao?eoe? ??aiy caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo c o?aooaaiiyi i?eionoeiiai ??aiy
aeey ??cieo oei?a i?aei?e?inoa. O caeaaeiino? a?ae ??aiy caeoi?aaeueiiai
?eceeo oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe oae?
no?aoaa??: iioei?caoe??, aeeaa?neo?eaoe??, i?i?i?caoe??, caiia?aaiiy
caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo.

Aeeiai?/i?noue na?aaeiaeua ooieoe?iioaaiiy oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa
iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue ia??iaee/ii cae?enithaaoe ioe?ieo o?aceeaino?
no?aoaa?/iiai ieaio caeoi?ae?, yea aecia/a?oueny aeaiia oaeoi?aie:
??aiai ?eceeo oa nooiaiai eiio?ieth oeueiai ?eceeo c aieo o??ie.

A oiiaao ia?eaoeiaiai? i???ioaoe?? oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo oi?aae?iiy ?o caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?
?ic?iaeaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aoaea ni?eyoe i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino?
oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth oa i?eaooeiaino? i?aei?e?inoa.

Aeniiaee

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeei ae??oeoe eiiieaen i?iaeai,
iiaycaieo c oi?aae?iiyi caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth oi?aiaaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoa. Nooi?noue iniiaieo aeniiae?a oa i?iiiceoe?e iieyaa? o
ianooiiiio.

1. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth o oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaao iieacaei, ui ia i?aeoeoe?
ia?i caeoi?ae? oiaa??a, a oaeiae iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue oiaa?ieo caeeoe?a
aecia/athoueny aeoiaey/e c aeina?aeo oa ?ioo?oe?? oao?aoe?a
oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa; iniiaia ?iciianthaeaeaiiy io?eiaee: iaoiae
ieaioaaiiy ia?io caeoiie, iiaycaiee c ?icae??aiei oiaa?iia?aii oa
?ic?aooiie iioeiaeueiiai ?ici??o caeoi?ae? oiaa??a.

2. ?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a caeoi?ae? oiaa??a oi?aiaaeuei? i?aei?e?inoaa
aeei?enoiaothoue: caiiaeaiiy ia iinoa/aiiy oiaa??a iaei??th ia?o??th,
caiiaeaiiy ia ?aaoey?ia iinoa/aiiy oiaa??a; eiaeiiaeaiia (eiaeiii?ny/ia)
caeoi?aey ca eioe?iai/ieie a?aeiiinoyie; io?eiaiiy oiaa??a ii i???
iaiao?aeiino?; eoi?aey oiaa??a c iaaaeiei caeaaaiiyi.

3. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui o a?eueoino? oi?aiaaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoa niinoa??aa?oueny ciaioaiiy /anoee ia?aae?ciaaii?
i?iaeoeoe?? o aa?oino? oiaa?ii? iane oa c?inoaiiy ianyao i?iaeaaeo o
aa?oino? ia?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??, ui yaey?oueny iiceoeaiei
?acoeueoaoii oiaa?ii? iie?oeee oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa, ye?
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny.

4. Iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeaiei iaoiaeii ioe?iee caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo
yaey?oueny iaoiae aenia?oieo ioe?iie. ?ic?aooiie na?aaeiueiai ??aiy
caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo iieacaa, ui o cii? i?i?iaeueiiai ?eceeo
ciaoiaeeoueny 4 oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaa, o cii? i?aeaeuaiiiai ?eceeo
— 11 i?aei?e?inoa, aea ia i?aeoeoe? ia i?iaiaeeoueny iiae?aiee aiae?c,
caeoi?aaeueia ae?yeuei?noue cae?enith?oueny ?ioo?oeaii, aac iaiao?aeiiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?i?a, no?oeoo?e oa no?ie?a caeoi?ae? niiaeea/eo
oiaa??a.

5. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co ?ic?iaeaii oa ?aeiiaiaeiaaii
aei aeei?enoaiiy aeie-noaio oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth a
oiiaao ia?eaoeiaiai? i???ioaoe??.

6.?ic?iaeaii oa ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei aeei?enoaiiy iao?eoeth
ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? oa i?eaaaeeaino? oiaa?o, i?io?eue
iinoa/aeueiee?a oiaa??a, iaeiie/oaaeueio ea?oioaeo aeey niaoe?aeueiiai
niinoa??aaiiy, nenoaio ia?eaoeiaiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei caaacia/aiiy
caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?.

7. Cai?iiiiiaaiee ci?no no?aoaa?/iiai, oaeoe/iiai,
iia?aoeaiiai eiio?ieth i?eaooeiaino? caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino? oa
i?iiiceoe?? uiaei eiai aeei?enoaiiy.

8. Cai?iiiiiaai? no?aoaa?? caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o caeaaeiino?
a?ae ?eieiai?

/anoee oiaa?o; a oaeiae aeei?enoaiiy i?aei?e?inoaaie a?aeiia?aeieo
no?aoaa?e a caeaaeiino? a?ae ??aiy caeoi?aaeueiiai ?eceeo.

9. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eceeo o iaiaaeaeiaio?
caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino? aoei cai?iiiiiaaii aei aeei?enoaiiy aeai?eoi
i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiei ?eceeii a oiiaao ia?eaoeiaiai?
i???ioaoe??, aeei?enoaiiy yeiai ni?eyoeia cae?eniaiith oi?aiaaeueieie
i?aei?e?inoaaie ae?eiaiai oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueieie ?eceeaie oa
i?aeaeueoue iaa?oioiaai?noue oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue uiaei caeoi?ae?
oiaa??a.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. ??ueii?ia E.I I?ioean oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa o no/anieo oiiaao
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.// I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Na??y “Aeiiii?ea”
? 107/174 (eenoiiaae 1998). — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998 .- n. 30-34. — 0,3
ae?.a?e.

2. ??ueii?ia E.I. Nenoaia ?ioaa?iaaiiai ia?eaoeiao a
oi?aae?ii? caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa. //
Oi?a?aey ? ?eiie Oe?a?ie. Oai. ca??iee iaoe. i?aoeue c i?iaeai oi?a?ae?
oa a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy. Aeione 7 / A?aei. ?aae. ?.A. Ni?iea —
Aeiiaoeuee: OIA “E?O?N”, 1998. — n. 225 — 229. — 0,3 ae?.a?e.

3. ??ueii?ia E.I. Oi?aae?iiy ?eceeii o caeoi?aaeuei?e
ae?yoaeueiinoe oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa o ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe?.-
Aeiiaoeuee : AOAO Aeiiaoeueeee Oi?aiaaeueiee ae?i “Aeiiaan”, 1998. -30
n. — 1,14 ae?.a?e.

4. ??ueii?ia E.I. Oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth a oiiaao ia?eaoeiaiai? i???ioaoe?? oi?aiaaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoa. — Aeiiaoeuee : AOAO Aeiiaoeueeee Oi?aiaaeueiee ae?i
“Aeiiaan”, 1998. -40 n. — 1,54 ae?. a?e.

5. ??ueii?ia E.I. Oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aeath oiaa??a a oiiaao ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee; Iiooe aeaea?ae caeoi?ae? oiaa??a o ?eieiaeo oiiaao, ?o
ioe?iea; Oi?ioaaiiy ani?oeiaioii? iie?oeee i?aei?e?inoaa ia iniia?
ia?eaoeiao; Caniae neeaaeaiiy oi?aiaaeueieo oaiae ia ??cieo oeiao
?eie?a; Ao?eaiiy eiiieaenii? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy eiia?oe?eiith
ae?yeuei?noth ia iniia? ia?eaoeiao. (Ia?eaoeiaiaee iaiaaeaeiaio. I?ae
?aae. ae.a.i., i?io. Aaeaaaiiai? E.A.). — Aeiiaoeuee: OIA O??ia “ANIA”,
1998. — n. 42 — 51. — 0,5 ae?. a?e.

6. ??ueii?ia E.I., Iieiinueea E.A. Oi?aae?iiy caeoieaie a
oi?aiaaeueiiio i?aei?e?inoa? // Oi?a?aey ? ?eiie Oe?a?ie. Oai. ca??iee
iaoe. i?aoeue c i?iaeai oi?a?ae? oa a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy. —
Aeiiaoeuee: AeAeE?, 1994. — n. 33 — 34. — 0,1 ae?.a?e. (iniaenoeo — 0,07
ae?.a?e.).

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aecia/aii oa ioa?aeoa?eciaaii oaeoi?e, ye?
aieeaathoue ia aea?? iinoa/aeueiee?a oiaa??a, cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea
aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ieaiiaeo oaiae.

7. ??ueii?ia E.I., ?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy caeoi?aaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa // Oi?a?aey ? ?eiie Oe?a?ie.
Oai. ca??iee iaoe. i?aoeue c i?iaeai oi?a?ae? oa a?iiaaenueeiai
oa?/oaaiiy. — Aeiiaoeuee: AeAeE?, 1995. — n. 33 — 34. — 0,1 ae?.a?e.

8. ??ueii?ia E.I. Ieaioaaiiy oa i?aai?caoe?y caeoi?aaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa // Oi?a?aey ? ?eiie Oe?a?ie. Oai. ca??iee
iaoe. i?aoeue c i?iaeai oi?a?ae? oa a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy. —
Aeiiaoeuee: AeAeE?, 1996. — n. 94 — 95. — 0,1 ae?.a?e.

9.??ueii?ia E.I. Ia?eaoeiaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy caeoi?ae? oiaa??a // Oi?a?aey ? ?eiie Oe?a?ie. Oai. ca??iee
iaoe. i?aoeue c i?iaeai oi?a?ae? oa a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy. —
Aeiiaoeuee: AeAeE?, 1997. — n. 104 — 105. — 0,1 ae?.a?e.

10.??ueii?ia E.I.. Niaoeeo?ea eiio?ieth oa ?aaoethaaiiy
caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o ?eieiaeo oiiaao. // Oi?a?aey ? ?eiie
Oe?a?ie. Oai. ca??iee iaoe. i?aoeue c i?iaeai oi?a?ae? oa
a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy. — Aeiiaoeuee: AeAeE?, OIA “Eaa?aeue”, 1998. —
n. 98 — 99. — 0,1 ae?.a?e.

Aiioaoe?y

??ueii?ia E.I. Oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth ia iniia?
ia?eaoeiao a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.02 — I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa
ia?eaoeia.- Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao aeiiii?ee ? oi?a?ae?,
Aeiiaoeuee, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy
caeoi?-

aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie a oiiaao
ia?eaoeiaiai? i???ioaoe??. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?icaeyaeai?
nooi?noue, caaea/? oa i?iaeaie oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth
ia aoai? oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. I?iaaaeaii ia?eaoeiaiaa
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?nioth/i? i?aeoeee oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth a oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaao Oe?a?ie. Cae?eniaii aiae?c
?ecee?a o iaiaaeaeiaio? caeoi?aaeueii? ae?yeueiino?. ?ic?iaeaia oa
?aeiiaiaeiaaia aeie-noaia oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth oa
?aeiiaiaeiaai aeai?eoi i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueieie ?eceeaie o
oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaao a oiiaao ia?eaoeiaiai? i???ioaoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: caeoi?aaeuei? ?eceee; ia?eaoeiaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy;
ia?eaoeia caeoi?ae?; no?aoaa?y; oi?aae?iiy caeoi?aaeueiith
ae?yeuei?noth.

Eriomina L. Procurement antivity managament on the marketing base under
the conditions of shaping of market economy of Ukraine. Manuskript.

Thesis for a Nandidates degree by speciality 08.06.02 —
Enterpreneurship, management and marketing. — Donetsk State University
of Economiks and Trade , Donetsk, 1998.

Dissertations is devoted questions of further improvement of
procurement activity management of trade enterprises of Ukraine under
the conditions of marketing orientation. In the dissertation the aims,
essence, problems of procurement activity management at the stage of
shaping of market relations are studied. Marketing research of the
existing practice of procurement activity management in trade
enterprises of Ukraine is conducted. Analysis of risks in management of
procurement activity is performed. Block diagram of management of
procurement activity of trade enterprises in conditions of marketing
orientation is developed and recommended. Algorythm of risks
procurement activity management of trade enterprises in conditions of
marketing orientation is recommended.

A?aieia E.A. Oi?aaeaiea caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth ia iniiaa
ia?eaoeiaa a oneiaeyo oi?ie?iaaiey ?uii/iie yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.02. — I?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, iaiaaeaeiaio
e ia?eaoeia. — Aeiiaoeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao yeiiiieee e
oi?aiaee, Aeiiaoee, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai niaa?oainoaiaaiey oi?aaeaiey
caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth oi?aiauo i?aaei?eyoee Oe?aeiu a oneiaeyo
ia?eaoeiaiaie i?eaioaoeee.

A ia?aii ?acaeaea aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou “Niaoeeoeea e caaea/e
oi?aaeaiey caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth a oneiaeyo oi?ie?iaaiey ?uii/iuo
ioiioaiee” ?anniio?aiu nouiinoue, caaea/e e i?iaeaiu oi?aaeaiey
caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth ia yoaia oi?ie?iaaiey ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee;
auyaeaiu iniiaiua i?iaeaiu, eioi?ua nieaeatho yooaeoeaiinoue oi?aaeaiey
caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth oi?aiauo i?aaei?eyoee ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia;
naeaeaiu auaiaeu i iaiaoiaeeiinoe eniieueciaaiey i?eioeeiia e yeaiaioia
ia?eaoeiaa a caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoe, a oaeaea i oii, /oi a oneiaeyo
aeeiaie/iinoe aiaoiae n?aaeu e oneeaiey eiieo?aioeee caeoii/iay
aeayoaeueiinoue nii?iaiaeaeaaony ?eneii, iiyoiio ia?aae eiiia?/aneie
neoaeaie noaaeony caaea/a ieieiece?iaaoue ?ene a ?aieao iniiaiie
oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou “ Ia?eaoeiaiaua
enneaaeiaaiey aeaenoaothuae i?aeoeee oi?aaeaiey caeoii/iie
aeayoaeueiinoe ia oi?aiauo i?aaei?eyoeyo Oe?aeiu” i?iaaaeaii
ia?eaoeiaiaia enneaaeiaaiea eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey, i?ioeanna
oi?aaeaiey caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth a oi?aiauo i?aaei?eyoeyo,
aeaeia e o?iaiy ?enea a iaiaaeaeiaioa caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoe.
Aeenna?oaioii enneaaeiaaiu enoi/ieee ia?eaoeiaiaie eioi?iaoeee, a
oaeaea nia?aiaiiua oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa aa ia?aaioee eniieuecoaiua
oi?aiauie i?aaei?eyoeyie a oi?aaeaiee caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth,
i?iaiaeece?iaaii auiieiaiea Caeiia Oe?aeiu “Ia eioi?iaoeee” . Eco/aiu
eniieuecoaiua oi?aiauie i?aaei?eyoeyie iaoiaeu ieaie?iaaiey e
i?aaiecaoeee caeoiee oiaa?ia, eaiaeu ?ani?aaeaeaiey, enneaaeiaaia
i?aeoeea inouanoaeaiey eiio?iey e ?aaoee?iaaiey caeoii/iie
aeayoaeueiinoe, i?iaiaeece?iaaia ?acoeueoaoeaiinoue oiaa?iie iieeoeee
oi?aiauo i?aaei?eyoee. Aieueoia aieiaiea oaeaeaii ioeaiea caeoii/iuo
?eneia a oi?aiauo i?aaei?eyoeyo ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia.

A o?aoueai ?acaeaea aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou “Niaa?oainoaiaaiea
oi?aaeaiey caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth ia iniiaa ia?eaoeiaa” ia
iniiaaiee i?iaaaeaiiuo ia?eaoeiaiauo enneaaeiaaiee caeoii/iie
aeayoaeueiinoe oi?aiauo i?aaei?eyoee aeenna?oaioii ?ac?aaioaia e
?aeiiaiaeiaaia aeie-noaia oi?aaeaiey caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth a
oneiaeyo ia?eaoeiaiaie i?eaioaoeee i?aaei?eyoee. A oeaeyo
niaa?oainoaiaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoe
oi?aiauo i?aaei?eyoee i?aaeeiaeaii eniieueciaaoue ?ac?aaioaiioth aaoi?ii
nenoaio ia?eaoeiaiaie eioi?iaoeee, a oaeaea iaeiieoaeueioth ea?oioaeo ii
eioi?iaoeeiiiiio iaania/aieth caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoe oi?aiaiai
i?aaei?eyoey. Aeey ioeaiee iinoaaueeia e eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe oiaa?ia
?aeiiaiaeiaai e eniieueciaaieth ?ac?aaioaiiue i?ioeeue iioaioeeaeueiuo
iinoaaueeia e iao?eoea ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe e
i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoe caeoiaaiuo oiaa?ia; aeaiu i?aaeeiaeaiey ii
ii?aaeaeaieth iauaia caeoiie a niioaaonoaee n iio?aaiinoyie oeaeaauo
aoaeeoi?ee e o?iaiy oiaa?iuo caiania e auai?o iaoiaeia caeoiee oiaa?ia n
o/aoii niaoeeoeee oiaa?ia, ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii oi?ie?iaaieth oiaa?iie
no?aoaaee ia iniiaa eniieueciaaiey iao?eoeu Ainoii eiinaeoeia a?oii e
nicaeaiey aaiea aeaiiuo ii yeiiiie/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeea oiaa?ia;
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii inouanoaeaieth ia?eaoeiaiaiai eiio?iey ia anao yoaiao
i?ioeanna oi?aaeaiey caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth e aa ?aaoee?iaaiey.

Aaoi?ii ?ac?aaioai e ?aeiiaiaeiaai aeai?eoi i?ioeanna oi?aaeaiey
?eneaie a oneiaeyo ia?eaoeiaiaie i?eaioaoeee oi?aiauo i?aaei?eyoee,
eioi?ue aeeth/aao oaeea noaaeee eae: i?aaeaeaeaiea, ioeaiea caeoii/iiai
?enea, ii?aaeaeaiea i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe caeoii/iiai ?enea e ciiai ?enea,
ioeaiea o?iaiy caeoii/iiai ?enea, auai? no?aoaaee e oaeoeee a iaeanoe
caeoii/iuo ?eneia, eo eiio?ieue e ?aaoee?iaaiea. Aeey ioeaiee
caeoii/iiai ?enea aaoi?ii ?ac?aaioaia e i?aaeeiaeaia e aiaae?aieth
eiiiuethoa?iay i?ia?aiia, auiieiaiiay a n?aaea oaaee/iiai i?ioeanni?a
Excel aeey Windows. Aeey auai?a no?aoaaee a iaeanoe caeoii/iuo ?eneia
oi?aiaui i?aaei?eyoeyi ?aeiiaiaeiaaia iao?eoea o?iaiy caeoii/iiai ?enea
n o/aoii aeiionoeiiai o?iaiy aeey ?aciuo oeiia i?aaei?eyoee.

A oneiaeyo ia?eaoeiaiaie i?eaioaoeee oi?aiauo i?aaei?eyoee aiaae?aiea a
i?aeoeeo oi?aaeaiey eo caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoe ?ac?aaioaiiuo
?aeiiaiaeaoeee aoaeao niinianoaiaaoue iiauoaieth yooaeoeaiinoe
oi?aaeaiey caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth e i?eaueueiinoe oi?aiauo
i?aaei?eyoee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: caeoii/iua ?enee; ia?eaoeiaiaua enneaaeiaaiey;
ia?eaoeia caeoiie; no?aoaaey; oi?aaeaiea caeoii/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth.

I?aei. aei ae?oeo 17. 12. 98. Oi?iao 60 84 / 16

Iai?? ienuei. Ion. ae?oe. Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0

Oe?aae 100 i?. Cai. 183.

OIA “Aaaa”

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