2

Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa

I?oeia Aaea??e Iao?iae/

OAeE 343.82

OI?AAE?IIss AEOIAII-AEI?AAIEI I?IOeANII

12.00.07 — oai??y oi?aae?iiy, aaei?i?no?aoeaia i?aai ? i?ioean,
o?iainiaa i?aai, aaie?anueea i?aai

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa oa
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ae?yeueiino? a Caii??cueeiio th?eaee/iiio ?inoeooo?
IAN Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: caneoaeaiee th?eno Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaiaeo?ea Ieaenaiae? Ia?eiae/, ?aeoi? Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o
ni?aa

(i.Oa?e?a).

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eiaaeue Eaii?ae Aaneeueiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo;

aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Inoaiaiei Ieaen?e ?aaiiae/,
ia?oee i?i?aeoi? Euea?anueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN
Oe?a?ie,.

aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Oea?oia A?eoi?
Einoyioeiiae/, ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e Aeiiaoeueeiai ?inoeoooo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny: “25” a?oaeiy 1998?. i 10.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.700.01 i?e Oi?aa?neoao? aioo??oi?o
ni?aa IAN Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 310080, i. Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo 50-??//y
N?N?, 27.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oi?aa?neoaoo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 310080, i. Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo
50 ??//y N?N?, 27.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “17” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
A.ss.Aioe

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeth?oueny oei, ui neeaaei? oa
iia? i?ioeane aea?aeaaiiai ? noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo ia ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a
?acii ?c iiceoeaieie ci?iaie aeeeeeaee ao?oeeaa c?inoaiiy cei/eiiino?,
na?eici? iaaaoeai? yaeua a ae?yeueiino? onoaiia ? i?aai?a, ye?
aeeiiothoue iiea?aiiy o aeaeyae? iicaaaeaiiy aie?. ?ic?iaea ii?iaoeaii?
aace ae?yeueiino? oeeo onoaiia o iiaeo oiiaao, i?aaiaiai iaoai?cio
caoenoo iniaenoino? a i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy,
aaeineiiaeaiiy ci?noo cania?a iaoiae?a aieeao ia canoaeaeaieo,
caaacia/aiiy ?o nioe?aeueii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? iaiiaeeea? aac aeeaieiai ?
anaa?/iiai aiae?co oai??? ? i?aeoeee aeeiiaiiy e?ei?iaeueieo iiea?aiue
ia ??cieo aoaiao ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?.

Ai?iith oi?aaeyoe oeeie i?ioeanaie, aeine?aeaeaiith i?e?iaee iiea?aiiy,
oe?eyi ? nenoai? eiai aeeiiaiiy iino?eii i?eae?eyeanue iaaia oaaaa c
aieo a/aieo ??cieo aaeocae iaoee. Cie?aia, aeine?aeaeoaaeanue i?aaiaa
i?e?iaea iiea?aiiy a ?iaioao a/aieo-i?aaiciaaoe?a I.I. Aa?iaoa,
N.I. Iie?einueeiai, N.A. Iicieoaaa, I.?. Na??nueeiai, I.N. Oaaaioeaaa,
?.ss. Oieieoeueeiai oa ?ioeo a?aeiieo a/aieo. O iiaeaeueo?e ?ic?iaoe?
i?iaeai iiea?aiiy ? eiai aeeiiaiiy, ia?oiooaaiiy oai?aoe/ieo iniia
ea?aeueii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae ? ?? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeineoue aeoeaio
o/anoue a?aee I.I. ?na?a, I.I. I?iioeianueeee, I.I. O?aei?i,
A.N. Oo?anueeee, ?.A. Oe?a?iaeo oa ?io?. Aiie c?iaeee nooo?aee aianie
aei ?ic?iaee oai??? ? i?aeoeee oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue a
oiiaao aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? iaoi? aea?aeaae. Na?eici? ci?ie, ui a?aeaoeeny
o ae?oa?e iieiaei? 50-o ?ie?a o nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? aea?aeaae
ia iniia? iioe?aiiy aeaiie?aoe/ieo caii/aoeoaaiue, a?aeiiaeaiiy
aoiai?noe/ieo i?eioeei?a ? iineeaiiy e?ei?iaeueieo iiea?aiue, noai?eee
?aaeuei? iiaeeeaino? aeey a?eueo aeeaieiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai
e?ei?iaeueii? ?ai?an??, ae?iaeaiiy ia oe?e iniia? iaoeiai ia??oioiaaieo
iieiaeaiue ?icaeoeo e?ei?iaeueiiai ? aei?aaii-o?oaeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.
Ii/aoie oeueiio aoei iieeaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiyie A.I. A?oaiiiiaa,
I.I. A?ey?aa, ?.I. Aaeueia??ia, I.?. Ea?iaoea, I.A. E?ioiaeueieea,
A.N. I?e?oi?iaa, ?.N. Iiy, I.E. ?aiainiia, I.I. No?o/eiaa,
?.I. Nia?ainueeiai, TH.I. Oea/aanueeiai, A.N. Oo?anueeiai,
A.I. *o?eaaaeca, I.Ae. Oa?ai?iaenueeiai. Iiaeaeueo? aeine?aeaeaiiy
??cieo aniaeo?a e?ei?iaeueii-i?aaiai? iie?oeee, caeiiiaeaanoaa ?
i?aeoeee ?o ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeiaaeoaaee TH.I. Aioiiyi, C.I. Anoai??ia,
E.A. Aaa??e-Oaoiaoia, E.A. Aenio?ia, E.A. Aonueeia, ?.I. Aeaiueoei,
A.A. Aeaaetho?i, A.I. ?e?iinueeee, A.N. Caeaiaoeueeee, I.O. Cae?inueeee,
I.?. Coaeia, I.N. I?oe?i, I.O. Iiiiia?ueia, A.I. ?aaeia, I.I. Noo?iaa,
A.I. O?oai?eia, ?.A. Oia?ia, oa ?io?.

Aaaiiee aianie o ?ic?iaeo oai?aoe/ieo ? iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia oi?aae?iiy
a i?aaiao aioo??oi?o ni?aa c?iaeee I.I. Aaiaeo?ea, ?.I. Aieini?/aiei,
I.I. Iai/aiei, A.I. Ie?oe?i. Aeena?oaio nie?aany oaeiae ia i?aoe?
a?o/eciyieo a/aieo, ye? aeine?aeaeoaaee ??ci? aniaeoe aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy noni?eueieie a?aeiineiaie ? i?aaiioi?iiiith ae?yeuei?noth:
A.I. Aaa?’yiiaa, A.Ae. Aaae?ia, A.A. Aaa??e-Oaoiaoiaa, TH.I. Aeoyea,
A.N. Aaneeue?aa, E.N. Ai?iiiai?, I.I. Aei?iaeo, ?.A. Aeiae?ia,
A.I. ?aaiiaa, ?.A. Eaethaeiiai, A.A. Eii?e/eeiaa, E.O. E?eaaiea,
?.A. Eoaei, A.A. Eeoieiaa, A.A. Eoeaoaae/a, A.I. Ia?/oea,
I.I. Ie?iiaiea, I.?. I?aeieea, A.O. Ii?eoea, I.I. I?c?oa,
I.?. Inoaiaiea, C.A.Iaaeiae/a, I.?.Iaiiaa, ?.I. Iaoiiiaa,
A.O. Iiai??eea, , I.I. Iia??aiiai, ?.A. Iinoeea, I.I. ?aa?iiae/a,
A.E. ?iaiaeeia, A.I. Nae?aaiiaa, A.O. N??aiea, A.A. Noaoena,
?.E. No?aeueoeiaa, I.A. No??eiaa, A.I. Oa?aiiaa, A.ss. Oaoe?y,
?.A. Oeoiiiaa, TH.I. Oiaeeee, I.O. O?eoeueeiai, A.A. Oea?oeiaa,
I.A. Oea?ea, A.E. Oea?oie, TH.N. Oaioo/aiea, I.I. ss?ieoa oa ?ioeo.

Aea/aiiy ?ia?o ?c caaaeueii? oai??? oi?aae?iiy iaaeaei na?eicio
aeiiiiiao a aeine?aeaeaii?, a oaeiae o noa?? ioi?iie i?aaiii?yaeeo
?in?enueeeo oa a?o/eciyieo a/aieo: ?.E. Aa/eea, A.I. Aa?an?iiaa,
A.A. A?eoeia, A.A. Coaeiaa, A.A. Coeeiaa, A.I. Eaoa?aa, A.N. E?eeiaa,
A.I. Eaca??aa, A.?. Eueioe?ia, A.Ae. Iaeeiaa, ?.I. Ia?/aiea,
?.N. Ioeoea?aa, A.N. Iaoeinueeiai, A.I. Iia?iaa, A.?. I?o?iaa,
A.I. Iie?aea?aa, A.I. Naciiiaa, A.I. Oaiaey, N.A. THoeiaa, oa
ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a — ?.Aiaea?naia, ?.Aiio?eaeiaia, A.Aooea?a, A.Aaeue?,
I.Caiaea?a Ae.Ea?iaa?, E.Eaaeaicaea, A.Eaa?iciia, I.Ia?eio, ?.I?nn?iaia,
I.?onoaiae?ia, Aeae.Neiooa.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aaaaoi/eneaiieo i?aoeue a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo
aaoi??a ia o?eueee ni?eya oi?ioaaiith iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia aeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aea e ooai?ea /anoeio eiai ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace.

?acii ?c oei, oe?ea iecea ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo ?c ia’?eoeaiith ioe?ieith
ci?noo aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue o aeaeyae? iicaaaeaiiy aie?, noaiiaeaiiy ?o
nenoaie, ii??aiyiiy oe?eae ? ci?noo oeeo aeae?a iiea?aiiy a ??cieo
iie?oe/ieo ? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao ieioeiai ? nueiaiaeaiiy
Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, o?eaaeee /an caeeoaeenue aac iiiia?ao?/iiai
iaoeiaiai aiae?co.

No/ani?e neooaoe?? ?icaeoeo iaoi? aea?aeaae aeanoea? oae? ?ene: ci?ie a
iie?oe/i?e, aeiiii?/i?e oa ?ioeo aaeocyo, ianoaa?euei?noue
caeiiiaeaanoaa. C ?icoe?aiiyi noa?e ae?yeueiino? i?aaiioi?iiii? nenoaie,
oneeaaeiaiiyi e?ei?iiaaiii? neooaoe??, iiaeeaeaiiyi ?iciiae?eo i?aoe? ca
ooieoe?iiaeueieie ? iinaaeiaeie iciaeaie, c?inoaiiyi aeooaeueiino?
caoenoo i?aa ? naiaiae ethaeeie a aeaiie?aoe/i?e, i?aaia?e aea?aeaa?,
yea aoaeo?oueny a Oe?a?i?, iaaoaa? ana a?eueoiai cia/aiiy iai?oaioe?a?ia
caeiiiaeaanoai ? eiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy.

Ca oeeo oiia i??i?eoaoio oaaao iiaeiii aooe a?aeaeaii iaaaeueiei
ieoaiiyi i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaiai, eaae?iaiai, iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai,
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy i?aaiioi?iiii? ae?yeueiino?, ui aeicaieeoue
oaea iaeaeeae/ei /anii cia/iith i??ith ciyoe aino?ioo e?ei?iiaaiii?
neooaoe?? a e?a?i?. Aei oaeeo aaaeeeaeo ieoaiue iaeaaeeoue ? i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa, oaeineiiaeaiiy ?o
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e, an??? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy a oe?e noa??.

Ae??oaiiy oeeo iaaecae/aeii neeaaeieo caaaeaiue iio?aao? iaeaaeiiai
iaoeiaiai caaacia/aiiy, a oiio /ene? c aieo iaoee oi?aae?iiy.

Ioaea, aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeoaaieo o aeena?oaoe?? ieoaiue iaoiiaeaia
aeiiaaie naiiai aeeooy.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
? ?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue, ye? aecia/athoue caeiiii??iino?
?icaeoeo e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/i? nenoaie Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, ui
?ice?eaathoue aniaeo iiiyooy ? ci?noo aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiiy o aeaeyae?
iicaaaeaiiy aie?; aecia/aiiy iiiyooy ? ci?noo iniiaieo cania?a
ea?aeueii-aeoiaiiai aieeao ia canoaeaeaieo ? ae??oaiiy ia oe?e iniia?
eiie?aoieo i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo ?c ?aoi?iith e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/i?
nenoaie ca no/anieo oiia:

— cae?enieoe ia aac? ocaaaeueiaiiy a?o/eciyiiai ? ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo
eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy iniia oi?aae?iiy a i?aaiao aioo??oi?o ni?aa
Oe?a?ie ca no/anieo oiia;

— iai?oeoe oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy, i?aeiyoe eiai ?ieue a ci?oeiaii?
aeenoeeie?ie oa iie?ioaii? i?io?eaeoeee ?aoeeaeeaii? oa i?aai?ciaaii?
cei/eiiino?;

— aena?oeeoe ?ieue iaoeiai? i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?, aecia/eoe niaoeeo?eo
oi?aae?iiy a i?aaiao aioo??oi?o ni?aa ca iniaeeaeo oiia, a oaeiae i?e
i?aeia?iaeiiio ni?a?ia?oieoeoa?;

— ocaaaeueieoe aeina?ae oi?aae?iiy iie?oeaenueeeie i?aaiaie a
ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao ii i?io?eaeoeoe? i?aai?ciaaii? cei/eiiino? oa
i?iaaaeaiith ?iaioe c ia?ei-oieneeiiai?/iith cei/eii?noth;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a
no/ani?e e?ei?iieia?? oa aeayeeo noi?aeieo iaoeao;

— noi?ioethaaoe oai?aoe/i? canaaee iiia?aaeaeaiiy ia?eioecio.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aii c??c ia’?eoeaieo ?aae?e
nueiaiaeaiiy , ui oi?ea?oueny iniiaieo caeiiii??iinoae nioe?aeueieo
a?aeiinei, ye? neeaaeathoueny ?c ni?aa ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo, ?ioeo
i?aai?a oa i?aai?caoe?e, iia’ycaieo ?c i?io?eaeoeeith i?aai?ciaaii? ?
?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino? ye o iao?e e?a?i?, oae ? ca ?? iaaeaie, a
oaeiae ?c ?icaeoeii nenoaie aeeiiaiiy e?ei?iaeueieo iiea?aiue o aeaeyae?
iicaaaeaiiy aie?, oi?ioaaiiyi ?? i?aai?caoe?eieo ? i?aaiaeo iniia,
aecia/aiiyi ci?noo i?ioeano aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiiy.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aii oai?aoe/i? ? i?aaia? canaaee
?icaeoeo iai?oaioe?a?ieo onoaiia Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae ? oi?aae?inuee?
i?iaeaie caaacia/aiiy iiea?aiiy o aeaeyae? iicaaaeaiiy aie?, oeyoe ?o
ae??oaiiy, ci?no iniiaieo cania?a oi?aae?iiy aeoiaii-aei?aaiei
i?ioeanii.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?e ocaaaeueiaii?, aea/aii? ? aiae?c? iaoa??ae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iaoeiaiio ia??oiooaaii? oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aaoi?
nie?aany ia ae?aeaeoe/iee iaoiae i?ciaiiy nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a.

sse ie?ai? iaoeia? iaoiaee aaoi? aeei?enoaa ?noi?eei-aiae?oe/iee,
ii??aiyeueii-i?aaiaee, nenoaiiee, eiie?aoii-nioe?ieia?/iee,
oi?iaeueii-eia?/iee, iaaee/iee.

O i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee aeena?oaoe?? aaoi? caa?oaany aei aea/aiiy
i?aaiaeo aeaea?ae ?in?enueei?, Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaa, a oaeiae i?aaiaeo
aeaea?ae ca?oa?aeieo aea?aeaa.

Iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aieo ?noi?eei-i?aaiaeo aniaeo?a iicaaaeaiiy
aie? neeaaeaee iaoa??aee a?o?a?a, ye? ?ai?oa iaei aea/aeenue c i?eaiaeo
?o cae?eoino?.

I?e oi?ioethaaii? ? ia?oiooaaii? oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ? i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aaoi? nie?aany ia i?aoe? a/aieo-i?aaiciaaoe?a oa
oao?aoe?a ?ioeo aaeocae iaoee, aeei?enoiaoaaa ?iaioe
ienueiaiiee?a-i/aaeaeoe?a: I.?. Nieaeai?oeeia, A.Ae. Ii?iciaa,
A.I. Oaiiaaeiaa, iaoa??aee iioi/ieo a?o?a?a neoaea IAN Oe?a?ie, IAN
N?N?, IAN ?in??, ye? a?aeaee ? a?aeathoue aeeiiaiiyi iiea?aiiy o
aeaeyae? iicaaaeaiiy aie?, aaciina?aaeiueiai aea/aiiy ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
i?ioyaii iiiaae 20??/ii? ?iaioe a nenoai? OAI c i?aai?caoe??
aeoiaii-aei?aaiiai i?ioeano na?aae canoaeaeaieo.

Aii??e/iee iaoa??ae aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?aany ca aeiiiiiaith:

— aea/aiiy iniaenoino? cei/eioe?a oeyoii aieaooaaiiy 1500
canoaeaeaieo-?aoeeaeea?no?a ? iieooaaiiy ni?a?ia?oiee?a OAI;

— aiae?co iniaeeainoae iniaenoino? cei/eioe?a iaoiaeii ianoaiaea?oieo
?ioa?a’th c ?aoeeaeea?noaie — 700 /ieia?e;

— aieaooaaiiyi eiio?ieueii? a?oie in?a ?c /enea ?aoeeaeea?no?a a OAI.

Aii??e/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe noaee oaeiae noaoenoe/i?
ca?oe oa aiae?c ae?yeueiino? i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a ye iaoi?, oae ?
ca?oa?aeieo aea?aeaa, /eiia e?ei?iaeueia oa aei?aaii-o?oaeiaa
caeiiiaeaanoaa, a?aeii/a aeieoiaioaoe?y IAN Oe?a?ie ? ocaaaeueiai? aeai?
aeanieo niinoa?aaeaiue ? aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeo?aeieie noaee iieiaeaiiy
Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, aiae?c ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a, cie?aia,
ae?? nenoaie i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio,
ui aia?oa c?iaeaii iaiaaaiiy ona?aeiieoe c iaoeiai? oi/ee ci?o ci?no
aeeiiaiiy e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy o aeaeyae? iicaaaeaiiy aie? a ??cieo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae,
ae?yeuei?noue eiai i?aaiaeo ? iie?oe/ieo ?inoeooo?a, aeyaeaii ?
iaa?oioiaaii caeiiii??iino? ? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo
e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/i? nenoaie Oe?a?ie.

Aia?oa ia aac? /eneaiiiai iaoa??aeo ?icaeyaeathoueny i?iaeaie
i?aai?caoe?? aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue o aeaeyae? iicaaaeaiiy aie? a o?niiio
aca?iica’yceo c i?aai?ciaaiith cei/eii?noth ? ?iaioith i?aeia?iaeieo
i?aai?caoe?e, ye? caeiathoueny ieoaiiyie ai?ioueae c? cei/eii?noth,
ci?no iniiaieo cania?a aieeao ia iniaeno?noue o i?noeyo iicaaaeaiiy
aie?, i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inuee? no?oeoo?e iai?oaioe?a?ii? nenoaie;
?ice?eaathoueny i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? iniiae ? i?aeoeea aeeiiaiiy
iicaaaeaiiy aie?, cae?enith?oueny aiae?c “iaaeieicei/eiii?” iiaaae?iee,
iioea?a ? oe?eae cei/ei?a; aiae?co?oueny ci?no ea?aeueii? iie?oeee
Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae ? ?? ?aae?caoe?y ia ??cieo aoaiao ?? ?icaeoeo;
ia??oioiao?oueny iiiyooy ci?noo aeeiiaiiy e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy o
aeaeyae? iicaaaeaiiy aie?; aeeeaaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ? aecia/aiee ci?no
iniiaieo cania?a oi?aae?iiy aeoiaii-aei?aaiei i?ioeanii.

Iia? i?aeoiaee aei ?icaeyaeo i?iaeai aeeiiaiiy e?ei?iaeueiiai iiea?aiiy
o aeaeyae? iicaaaeaiiy aie? aeyaeeenue oaeiae o ci?no? i?iiiceoe?e uiaei
oaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa, cae?eniaiiy ?aoi?ie
e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/i? nenoaie ? ?? i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueeeo
no?oeoo?.

O aeena?oaoe?? ia??oioiaothoueny iia? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee, ye?
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

— iieeaaeaii a i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?caoe?th
no/aniiai aeeooy ethaeae. sse iane?aeie oeueiai caaaeueiiai iieiaeaiiy
a?aoiaoaaeenue aea? iniiaieo ianoaaeie:

— ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?caoe?y cei/eiiino? c ?? oeiiaith aeey aaaaoueio e?a?i
no?oeoo?ith oa aeeiai?eith;

— ia’?eoeai? o?oaeiiu? ai?ioueae c iath ia iaoe?iiaeueiiio ??ai? c
i?eaiaeo iaiaaeaiiy iiaeeeainoae iaoe?iiaeueieo noaeiaeo th?enaeeeoe?e
oa ?ioeo i?aaiioi?iiieo cania?a o aeyaeaii? ? ?icne?aeoaaii? oeeo
cei/ei?a, ciaeaeaii? aeiieo oa i?eoyaiaii? ?o aei e?ei?iaeueii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?. ?acii ?c oei a?aoiaoaaeinue, ui
?ioa?iaoe?iiae?caoe?y no/aniiai noni?eueiiai aeeooy ni?ey? i?iaaaeaiith
ni?eueieo i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo i?iaeo?a ia caaaeuei?e oai?aoe/i?e oa
i?aeoe/i?e iniia?;

— iieacaia ?ieue ea??aieea ? noeeth oi?aae?iiy a caaacia/aii? aoaeoeaii?
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa ii i?io?eaeoeoe? ii?ooaiue
aeenoeeie?ie;

— o a?o/eciyi?e th?eaee/i?e e?oa?aoo?? aia?oa ?ice?eo? iniiai? iai?yiee,
oi?ie ? iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueiith ?iaioith a i?noeyo iicaaaeaiiy
aie?;

— aecia/aii niaoeeo?eo oi?aae?iiy a i?aaiao aioo??oi?o ni?aa i?e
i?aeia?iaeiiio ni?a?ia?oieoeoa?;

— i?iiiceoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee eaae?iaiai
neeaaeo i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa;

— ia??oiooaaiiy no?aoaa?? ? oaeoeee anoaiiaeaiiy, i?aeo?eiaiiy oa
?icaeoeo ineoieia?/iiai eiioaeoo aeoiaaoaey c canoaeaeaieie;

— oi?ie, iaoiaee i?aai?caoe?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? i?io?eaeoeee, a oaeiae
oaeineiiaeaiiy eiiieaeno caoiae?a iiia?aaeaeaiiy cei/eiiiai ?aoeeaeeao c
aieo canoaeaeaieo ?c ia?eioe/iith caeaaei?noth;

— aeniiaie i?i iaiao?aei?noue ciaiiy iniia nioe?aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy on?i
ia/aeueieoeueeei neeaaeii onoaiia a?aeaoaaiiy iiea?aiue;

— i?iiiceoe?? i?i ?aoi?ioaaiiy e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/i? nenoaie Oe?a?ie a
no/anieo oiiaao;

— aiae?c iniiaieo noee?a oi?aae?iiy, aeniiaee i?i iaiao?aei?noue
aa?iii?eiiai ii?aeiaiiy a ae?yeueiino? aeoiaaoaey i?ioan?eieo, ae?eiaeo,
iniaeno?nieo yeinoae, ciaiiy ineoieia??, iaaeaaia?ee, eoeueoo?e iiaeaiiy
? iiaaae?iee; aecia/aiiy aieeao oeeo oaeoi??a ia aoaeoeai?noue
oi?aae?iiy aeoiaii-aei?aaiei i?ioeanii;

— aecia/aiiy iniiaieo iai?yie?a, oi?i ? iaoiae?a nioe?aeueii? ?iaioe
aeoiaaoae?a, ia?niaeoeae ?? ?icaeoeo;

— iaa?oiooaaiiy niaoeeo?ee oi?aae?iiy i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa i?e
i?aeia?iaeiiio ni?a?ia?oieoeoa? ii ai?iouea? c ?aoeeaeeaiith oa
i?aai?ciaaiith cei/eii?noth;

— ocaaaeueiaiiy no/aniiai a?o/eciyiiai oa ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo c
i?io?eaeoeee ia?eiiai??;

— i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iie?ioaiiy oi?aae?iiy a nenoai? c on?o
aeine?aeaeoaaieo aniaeo?a;

— aecia/aiiy ci?noo iniiaieo cania?a aieeao ia iniaeno?noue cei/eioey a
i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiiy o aeaeyae? iicaaaeaiiy aie?;

— aecia/aiiy i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiiy onoaiiae, yea aeeiio? e?ei?iaeueia
iiea?aiiy o aeaeyae? iicaaaeaiiy aie?, oa ?? aieea ia ?aoeeaeeaio
cei/eii?noue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? ia?o ca ana o oiio,
ui aiie aeathoue iiaia oyaeaiiy i?i nenoaio oi?aae?iiy a onoaiiaao ii
aeeiiaiith iiea?aiue, ?o no?oeoo?o, caaaeuei? iieiaeaiiy i?ioeano
oi?aae?iiy oa oi?aae?iiy i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa a ie?aieo noa?ao. O
i?aaioai?/ino? aeianai? a aeena?oaoe?? i?iiiceoe?? iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? i?ae /an i?aeaioiaee ? i?eeiyooy i?iaeo?a
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai, e?ei?iaeueiiai oa e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai caeii?a ?
i?aecaeiiieo aeo?a.

O i?aaicanoinoaaeuei?e ae?yeueiino? ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? iiaeooue
neoaeeoe aaeineiiaeaiith i?aeoeee canoinoaaiiy caeii?a i?aaiioi?iiieie
i?aaiaie c iaoith ?aae?caoe?? caaaeaiue eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie ai?ioueae
?c cei/eii?noth ? i?iaaaeaiith ?iaioe uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy i?aaiai?
eoeueoo?e ianaeaiiy.

?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa, aeneiaeai? aaoi?ii
ia aac? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, iathoue iaaia cia/aiiy aeey
iie?ioaiiy i?aaioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, o?yaeo,
I?i?noa?noaa aioo??oi?o ni?aa, a oaeiae Aeaia?oaiaioo ii aeeiiaiith
iiea?aiue canoaeaeaieo.

Aeena?oaoe?y ci???ioiaaia ia i?aeoe/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a i?aai?a aioo??oi?o
ni?aa, ?o ea??aiee?a.

O iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoenue aeey i?aeaioiaee a?aeiia?aeieo ?icae?e?a
i?ae?o/iee?a, iaa/aeueieo oa iaoiaee/ieo iin?aiee?a, aeeeaaeaii?
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai, e?ei?iaeueiiai, e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai i?aaa,
i?ioeano ? aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa,
iniia oi?aae?iiy a i?aaiao aioo??oi?o ni?aa, ineoieia??, e?ei?iieia??, a
oaeiae a iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e ?iaio? eo?naio?a, neooa/?a ? nooaeaio?a.

?ai?oa aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue aai iiiia?ao?/ieo ?ia?o, ye? a
?ice?eaaee a oaeiio ianyc? ci?no oai?aoe/ieo i?iaeai ? i?aeoeee ?icaeoeo
iai?oaioe?a?ii? nenoaie Oe?a?ie, oi?aae?iiy aeoiaii-aei?aaiei i?ioeanii,
ia ?nioaaei.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?eniaii ia?o ca ana oeyoii
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?o a iiiia?ao?yo oa ?ioeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a, o/ano? a
?ic?iaoe? oa iaaiai?aii? i?iaeo?a ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? aoei ai?iaiaaii a aeiiia?aeyo
ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo, oai?aoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo i?aeia?iaeiiai,
?anioae?eainueeiai, i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiai, ?aa?iiaeueiiai ??aiy a 1988-1998
?ieao, i?enay/aieo oi?ioaaiith a Oe?a?i? a?iiaaenueeiai noni?euenoaa,
i?aaiai? aea?aeaae, ai?iouea? c? cei/eii?noth, i?iaeaiai no/anii?
iai?oaioe?a?ii? iie?oeee, a naia:

— Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y, i?enay/aia iai’yo? i?io.
Oaaei?iaa E.A. (Caii??aeaey, 12-13 /a?aiy 1996 ?ieo);

— ?? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y, i?enay/aia iai’yo? i?io.
Oaaei?iaa E.A. (Caii??aeaey, 12-13 o?aaiy 1997 ?ieo);

— Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie no/anii? iai?oaioe?a?ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie (Ee?a,
1996);

— I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y “sseui iiaeaoa, aoaeueoa o ie?? c on?ia”
(Caii??aeaey, 1997);

— I?aeaoc?anueea iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Eiioeaioe?y oi?ioaaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie” (Caii??aeaey, 1997);

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny i?ae /an iaa/aeueiiai
i?ioeano a iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao nenoaie IAN Oe?a?ie a eo?nao
“Aaei?i?no?aoeaia i?aai”, “Aaei?i?no?aoeaia ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a
aioo??oi?o ni?aa”, “Iniiae oi?aae?iiy a i?aaiao aioo??oi?o ni?aa”,
“E?ei?iieia?y”, “Iai?oaioe?a?ia ineoieia?y”, a?aeia?aaeai? a eaeoe?yo,
iaoiaee/ieo ?ic?iaeao aeey nooaeaio?a, eo?naio? oa neooa/?a.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, 16 i?ae?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, aeiaeaoe?a, aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e.

Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 404 noi??iee iaoeiiieno,
29 aeiaeaoe?a ia 251 noi??ioe?, 42 oaaeeoe? oa 3 ?ethno?aoe??, 664
iaeiaioaaiiy aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e. No?oeoo?a ?iaioe iaoiiaeaia
caaaeaiiyie oa aioo??oiueith eia?eith aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? ia??oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eaa?oueny nooi?iue ?? iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee,
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/athoueny
eiai iaoa oa iniiai? caaaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe, oai?aoe/ia oa
iaoeiaa ?? cia/ou?noue, iaaaaeai? aeai? i?i ai?iaaoe?th.

O ?icae?e? ia?oiio “I?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? iniiae caaacia/aiiy
aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie” ?icaeyaeathoueny iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee
aeenoeeie?ie oa i?io?eaeoeea i?aaiii?ooaiue, iia’ycaieo ?c ii?ooaiiyie
aeenoeeie?ie.

Ii/eia?oueny ?icae?e ?c caaaeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeenoeeie?ie,
eiinoaoo?oueny, ui a eiaei?e nioe?aeuei?e ni?eueiino? ethaeae
noni?eueiee aca?iica’ycie, aca?iiae?y ? aca?iia caeaaei?noue
caaacia/othoue caa?aaeaiiy ?nioth/iai /aniaiai ii?yaeeo ae?yeueiino? oa
?aaoeththoue iiaaae?ieo ethaeae. Oaeee nioe?aeueiee ca’ycie, ia aeoieo
aeena?oaioa, ? ? aeenoeeie?iith.

O ia?a?niiio noni?euenoa? aeenoeeie?ia caaacia/oaaeany ii?iaie ii?ae?,
?iaeiaeie cae/ayie, neeith cae/ee ? o?aaeeoe?yie. Aeenoeeie?i? oiai
ia??iaeo i?eoaiaiia a?aenooi?noue caoiae?a aea?aeaaiiai i?eiono ye
iaoiaeo ?aaaoaaiiy ia iaaaaeaio aeey noni?euenoaa iiaaae?ieo ethaeae.

O no/ani?e th?eaee/i?e e?oa?aoo?? ?niothoue ??ci? oi/ee ci?o ia iiiyooy
aeenoeeie?ie, c ieo iiaeia aeae?eeoe aea? a?oie.

Ia?oa (a noa’?eoeaiiio cia/aii?) — aeenoeeie?ia ? oaeoe/ia aeio?eiaiiy
anoaiiaeaieo i?aaee iiaaae?iee, i?aeei?aiiy i?aoe?aieea anoaiiaeaiiio
?icii?yaeeo.

Ae?oaa (a ia’?eoeaiiio cia/aii?) — ia?aaeaa/aiee nioe?aeueieie ii?iaie
ii?yaeie a i?aai?caoe?? ? ae?yeueiino? aoaeue-yeiai eieaeoeao oa (a
noa’?eoeaiiio cia/aii?) i?aeei?aiiy oeueiio ii?yaeeo, aeio?eiaiiy eiai
/eaiaie eieaeoeao.

TH?eaee/iith iniiaith aeenoeeie?ie ? i?aaia? i?eiene. A?ae ?o iaoeiai?
ia?oioiaaiino?, th?eaee/ii? a?aiioiino?, ?aaoeyoeaii? iiaiioe caeaaeeoue
noai aeenoeeie?ie, ?? a?aeiia?aei?noue aeiiaai caeiiiino?. I?e oeueiio,
aeenoeeie?ia?i? a?aeiioaiiy ?aaeaiaioothoueny ia o?eueee i?aaiaeie, aea
e ?ioeie nioe?aeueieie ii?iaie, a oaeiae a?aeiia?aeieie ?i
?iaeea?aeoaeueieie aae?iiyie th?eaee/iiai ? noni?eueiiai oa?aeoa?o.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, aeenoeeie?ia — oea i?aaeea iiaaae?iee ethaeae aai
i?aai?caoe?e ui i?aeoaa?aeaeai? ii?iaoeaieie aeoaie, cae/ayie, ii?iaie
aoeeaoo, ca ii?ooaiiy yeeo ianoa? a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue iaoa??aeueia,
aeenoeeie?ia?ia, aaei?i?no?aoeaia aai e?ei?iaeueia. Oiaoi ?nio? iaoai?ci
i?aeo?eiee aeenoeeie?ie a noni?euenoa?, aea ethaeeia aai i?aai?caoe?y
aaie?aathoue ca na?e nioe?aeueiee noai.

Iiiyooy “aeenoeeie?ia” aeeth/a? a naith no?oeoo?o aaeeea /enei
??ciiaeae?a, oi?i ? i?iya?a. No?oeoo?a aeenoeeie?ie — oea ?? aioo??oiy
aoaeiaa, niin?a ca’yceo aeaiaio?a, ui ?? ooai?ththoue, ae?aeaeoe/ia
?aei?noue, aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ? aca?iica’ycie eiie?aoieo aeae?a ?
??ciiaeae?a aeenoeeie?ie. Aiia iaoiiaeaia oaeoi?aie ia’?eoeaiiai
oa?aeoa?o ?, ianaiia?aae, ?aaeueii ?nioth/eie aeaeaie ? oi?iaie
ni?eueii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ethaeae.

O noni?euenoa? caaaeaee ?nio? caaaeueiiiaia’yceiaa ? niaoe?aeueia
aeenoeeie?ia, iaia’yceiaa eeoa aeey /eai?a aecia/aii? i?aai?caoe??.
Noni?eueia aeenoeeie?ia a caeaaeiino? a?ae eeaneo?eaoe?? iiaea
?iciiae?eyoeny ia aeaee, iaoiiaeai? i?e?iaeith nioe?aeueieo ii?i, ui
eaaeaoue a ?? iniia? oa aecia/athoueny noa?ith noni?eueii? ae?yeueiino?
ethaeae.

Aeiiae aeenoeeie?ie a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a iaaoaathoue oi?ie i?aaiaeo
ii?i, aeeiiaiiy yeeo aa?aioo?oueny neeith aea?aeaaiiai i?eiono. Oiio
aeenoeeie?ia noa? aea?aeaaiith ? ?? aeiiae iaia’yceia? aeey an?o
a?iiaaeyi.

Aea?aeaaia aeenoeeie?ia a th?eaee/i?e e?oa?aoo?? aena?oeth?oueny a
??cieo aniaeoao, ? ?niothoue aea? iniiai? oi/ee ci?o.

Ia?oa (aocueea cia/aiiy) — niaoeeo?ea aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie iieyaa? a
oiio, ui aiia noino?oueny a ia?oo /a?ao i?aoe?aiee?a i?aai?a
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy.

Ae?oaa — aea?aeaaia aeenoeeie?ia — oea ia o?eueee aecia/aiee ii?yaeie
noeoiiino? i?aaee ae?yeueiino? uiaei cae?eniaiiy caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo
caaaeaiue i?aaiaeo ii?i, ui cae??ieththoue i?aaa ? iaia’ycee ?ia?oiee?a
? neoaeaiaoe?a aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a, i?aei?e?inoa, onoaiia, i?aai?caoe?e,
?aaeei ?o aeeiiaiiy, i?aaa ? iaia’ycee a?iiaaeyi, aea ? oaeoe/ia
aeeiiaiiy oeeo i?aaee on?ia aea?aeaaieie oa noni?eueieie i?aai?caoe?yie,
?o i?aoe?aieeaie ? a?iiaaeyiaie e?a?ie.

Aei ci?noo aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie iiaea aoiaeeoe aeio?eiaiiy ii?i
noni?eueieo i?aai?caoe?e, ii?ae?, i?aaee ao?oiaeeoeo oiui, aea i?e
iaiaei?ii?e oiia?, ui aiie o?ainoi?iiaai? ye aiey aea?aeaae a aeo?aeiiio
a?ae ia? aeo?. A?aaoeueiaai? ii?iaoeaieie aai
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-icia/aieie i?aaiaeie aeoaie noni?euei? a?aeiineie,
iaei??th ?c noi??i yeeo ? aea?aeaaiee i?aai, aai eiai iinaaeia? iniae.
Ae?oaith noi?iiith iiaeooue aooe: ?ioee aea?aeaaiee i?aai, noni?eueia
i?aai?caoe?y, a?iiaaeyiei, oiaoi a?aeiioaiiy, ca’ycai? c aea?aeaaiith
aeenoeeie?iith, a iaaeeiiaiiy iaei??th ?c noi??i nai?o iaia’yce?a ? ??
ii?ooaiiyi.

Nooi?noue aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie, ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, o aeeiiaii?
aeo?aeieo a?ae aea?aeaae ? anoaiiaeaieo i?aaiaeie aeoaie (ii?iaoeaieie
oa iaii?iaoeaieie) i?eien?a a a?iiaaenueeeo a?aeiineiao, iaei??th ?c
noi??i yeeo aenooia? naia aea?aeaaa a inia? ?? i?aai?a aai iinaaeiaa
iniaa. ?acoeueoaoii aeeiiaiiy aeiia aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie ?
aea?aeaaiee ii?yaeie, yeee ii?yae c i?aaiaei aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo
noni?eueiiai ii?yaeeo.

Aei no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie a?aeiinyoueny on?
aeaee aeenoeeie?ie, ye? ?aaoeththoueny i?aaii ? caaacia/othoueny
aea?aeaaith. sse aeaiaioe nenoaie, ie?ai? aeaee aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie
ianooue o nia? oa caaaeueia, ui neeaaea? aea?aeaaio aeenoeeie?io a
oe?eiio. I?ae?iciiae?e aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie a?aeaoaa?oueny a
caeaaeiino? a?ae noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, ye? aiia ?aaoeth?. ?acii ?c oei
eiaeiee aeae aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie ia? a?aeiinio naiino?ei?noue ?
niaoeeo?eo.

O ??cieo iiiia?ao?yo aeaee aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie eeaneo?eothoueny ca
??cieie e?eoa??yie: i?aai?caoe?eiei, ooieoe?iiaeueiei,
ooieoe?iiaeueii-i?aai?caoe?eiei; aaeocaaei ? ooieoe?iiaeueiiio;
i?aai?caoe?eii-aaeocaaei.

Ia i?aeoeoe? i?e eeaneo?eaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoue e ?io? e?eoa???,
iai?eeeaae:

— aaeocaaee (aeenoeeie?ia o i?iieneiaino?, aoae?aieoeoa?, n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?, ia o?ainii?o?);

— noa’?eoiee (aeenoeeie?ia aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a, noni?eueieo ?
eiiia?aoeaieo i?aai?caoe?e, i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?,
a?iiaaeyi);

— oa?eoi??aeueiee (aeenoeeie?ia ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a, i?no, iaeanoae aai
?aa?ii?a oiui).

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, o?aaa aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?aai?caoe?eii-ooieoe?iiaeueio
eeaneo?eaoe?th aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie, i?e ye?e aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y
ii?iaoeaiiai iaoa??aeo, ui eaaeeoue a ?? iniia?, a?aeaoaa?oueny ca
i?aaeiaoii i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy (ca aaeocyie i?aaa ? i?aaiaeie
?inoeoooaie). Aoaeue-yeee i?eien, yeee aeaea?oueny aea?aeaaith,
iia’ycaiee ?c iaaiith aaeoccth i?aaa. Iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeaiei ia
i?aeoeoe? ? i?ae?icae?e aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie uiaei nenoaie i?aaa,
yea neeaeany. Ca oe??th iciaeith ?ic??ciythoue aeenoeeie?io aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy, caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, oeea?eueieo a?aeiinei,
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo a?aeiinei, o?iainiao, o?oaeiao, a?enueeiao oiui.

I?aai?caoe?y oa aii?yaeeoaaiiy, ocaiaeaeai?noue ? i?aaeea iine?aeiaieo
ni?eueieo ae?e ethaeae — iaa?ae’?iia oiiaa i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy aeey
aeinyaiaiiy iaoe, oiaoi iai?/aieo e?ioeaaeo oe?eae. Iaeii/anii nai?
oe?e? iaaeathoue ae?yi ethaeae iaaiiai ci?noo e ni?yiiaaiino? ca ?o
caaaeueiei ci?noii, oiae aeae?eythoueny oe?eueia? oa i?aai?caoe?ei?
ooieoe??. Ae??oaeueiei iiiaioii oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino? a
iai?oaioe?a?i?e nenoai? ? oe?eueia? ooieoe??, ye? iaaeathoue ia’?eoo
oi?aae?iiy iaaii? ni?yiiaaiino? aei iaoe ?icaeoeo nenoaie, eio?a iiaea
ioiiethaaoe noni?euenoai /e aaeocue, ?aa?ii, onoaiiae oiui.

?aae?caoe?th oe?eueiaeo ooieoe?e noa’?eo oi?aae?iiy cae?enith? /a?ac
i?aai?caoe?ei? ooieoe??.

O noa’?eoeaiiio ?icoi?ii? aeenoeeie?ia — oea oaeoe/ia aeio?eiaiiy
ii?yaeeo ? i?aaee ocaiaeaeaii? ae?yeueiino? ii cae?eniaiith
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo caaaeaiue aea?aeaaieie ? noni?eueieie
i?aai?caoe?yie, ?o ?ia?oieeaie ? a?iiaaeyiaie, a oaeiae o oi/iiio oa
na?aeiiiio cae?eniaii? i?aa ? aeeiiaii? iaia’yce?a, ui anoaiiaeai?
caeiiaie oa ?ioeie i?aaiaeie aeoaie.

Noai caeiiiino? oa i?aaiii?yaeeo cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae ??aiy
i?ioan?eiiai ona?aeiieaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a IAN. I?ioan?eia
i?aaina?aeii?noue ? iaeaaaeeea?oei niaoe?aeueiei caniaii aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?o i?aaiioi?iiii? ae?yeueiino?. *ei aeuee
??aaiue i?ioan?eii? i?aaiai? na?aeiiino?, oei a?eueo eaae?o?eiaaiith oa
aoaeoeaiith ? i?aeoeea, oei a?eueoee aieea aiia ia? ia oi?ioaaiiy
ethaeeie, ?? noaaeaiiy aei i?aaiaeo oa ii?aeueieo aeiia.

Aeenoeeie?ia?ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, o naith /a?ao, yaey? niaith
iaeeaaeaiiy eiiiaoaioiith iniaith aai i?aaiii ia i?aeeaaeiai neoaeaiaoey
aai ?ia?oieea, yeee nei?a aeenoeeie?ia?iee i?inooiie, aeenoeeie?ia?iiai
noyaiaiiy, c iaoith i?aeo?eiee aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie a eieaeoea? oa
aeoiaaii? o eiaeiiai ?ia?oieea ? neoaeaiaoey aeia?inia?niiai noaaeaiiy
aei i?aoe?. O ca’yceo c oeei aeenoeeie?ia?ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ia?
nai? i?eeiaoe, ye? aeicaieythoue a?aeiaaeiaoaaoe ?? a?ae noi?aeieo
aeae?a th?eaee/ii? ? iath?eaee/ii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? (iai?eeeaae, a?ae
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ia?aae a?iiaaenueeith i?aai?caoe??th, ii?aeueiith
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noth).

Aecia/aeueiith c ieo aaaaea?oueny iciaea aeenoeeie?ia?ieo noyaiaiue.
Naia a aeenoeeie?ia?ieo noyaiaiiyo oeae aeae a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?
ciaoiaeeoue nai? iaoa??aeueia aecia/aiiy.

Oey iciaea, ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, iano?eueee aeeaiei a?aeia?aaea?
nooi?noue aeaiiai aeaeo a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, ui iiiyooy “aeenoeeie?ia?ia
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue” oa “aeenoeeie?ia?ia noyaiaiiy” ia??aeei
aaeeaathoueny a e?oa?aoo?? oa i?aeoeoe? ye ??aiicia/i?.

Aeenoeeie?ia?ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ?aae?co?oueny a ?aieao
i?aaia?aeiinei, noa’?eoaie yeeo, c iaeiiai aieo, ? i?aoe?aiee, c ?ioiai
— aaei?i?no?aoe?y. Ia?aae iath ? iiaeiai a?aeiia?aeaoe ii?ooiee
aeenoeeie?ie.

Ianoa? aeenoeeie?ia?ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca nei?iiy aeenoeeie?ia?iiai
i?inooieo, ii?ooaiiy neoaeaiai? (o?oaeiai?) aeenoeeie?ie.

Oaeei /eiii, ca oa?aeoa?ii i?aaiii?ooaiiy oa i?aenoaaaie
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? aeenoeeie?ia?ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue a?ae??ciy?oueny
a?ae aaei?i?no?aoeaii? oei, ui eiie?aoiith i?aenoaaith aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ? neeaae aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?inooieo, a eiie?aoiith
i?aenoaaith aeenoeeie?ia?ii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ? neeaae
aeenoeeie?ia?iiai i?inooieo. Aeenoeeie?ia?ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue caeia?
nai???aeia i?noea a nenoai? th?eaee/ii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, aiia
iaaeeaea?oueny aei aaei?i?no?aoeaii?: ? oa, ? ?ioa canoiniaothoueny
uiaei i?aai?a aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, aai ?o i?aaenoaaiee?a —
iinaaeiaeo in?a i?aai?caoe?e, onoaiia oa i?aei?e?inoa.

Ia’?eoii aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?inooieo acaaae? aai caaaeueiei ia’?eoii
aeey an?o i?inooie?a ? noni?euei? a?aeiineie, ui ioi?iiythoueny
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaeie naieoe?yie. Eiaeiee aaei?i?no?aoeaiee
i?inooiie ia? na?e eiie?aoiee ia’?eo. O caeaaeiino? a?ae ia’?eoa
i?aaiii?ooaiue ?nio? eeaneo?eaoe?y, oiaoi ?iciiae?e oa a?oioaaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo i?inooie?a.

Aaei?i?no?aoeaiee i?inooiie caaaea? oeiaee eiie?aoiei noni?eueiei
a?aeiineiai, ca ui iaeeaaeathoueny aaei?i?no?aoeai? noyaiaiiy. Aiie e
aoaeooue aaciina?aaei?i ia’?eoii i?inooieo.

Aaei?i?no?aoeaiee i?inooiie ia? ? ia’?eoeaio noi?iio. Ia’?eoeaia noi?iia
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?inooieo — oea ciai?oi?e aeo iiaaae?iee
i?aaiii?ooieea, oiaoi noeoii?noue ciai?oi?o iciae oa ianoaaei
i?ioei?aaii? iiaaae?iee i?aaiii?ooieea.

Ia’?eoeaio noi?iio aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?inooieo neeaaeathoue i?ioei?aaia
iiaaae?iea iniae (ae?y aai aacae?yeuei?noue), caai?iiaia
aaei?i?no?aoeaiei caeiiiaeaanoaii, a?aeiia?aeieie
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaeie ii?iaie; a?iiaaenueea iaaaciaea oe???
iiaaae?iee oa ?? iane?aeee; i?e/eiiee ca’ycie i?ae ae??th oa ??
?acoeueoaoii.

C ia’?eoeaii? noi?iie aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?inooiee iiaeooue aeyaeyoenue o
oi?i? i?ioei?aaieo ae?e, ye? ? ii?ooothoue anoaiiaeai? i?aaeea, oiaoi a
oi?i? aeoeaii? iiaaae?iee (iai?eeeaae, ae??aia ooe?aainoai, ii?ooaiiy
i?aaee ?eaaeuenoaa oa ioi?iie ?eaieo caian?a, ii?ooaiiy i?aaee
ieneeanoaa).

Oaeei /eiii, aaei?i?no?aoeaiiio i?inooieo aeanoeaa oaea ye?noue, ye
i?ioei?aai?noue, ine?eueee oea ? ae?y aai aacae?yeuei?noue, ui
noia?a/eoue caaaeueiiiaia’yceiaei aeiiaai i?aaa.

??cieoey i?ae i?aenoaaith aeenoeeie?ia?ii? oa aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiinoyie iieyaa? o a?aei?iiino? ia’?eoa i?ioei?aaiiai
iinyaaiiy.

Ia’?eoii aeenoeeie?ia?iiai i?inooieo ? iaia’ycee ii neoaea?, a yeeo
a?aeia?aaeai? aeiiae aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie, a oie /an ye ia’?eoii
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?inooieo ? aeiiae, ui iaia’yceia? aeey aeeiiaiiy ye
a?iiaaeyiaie, oae ? aea?aeaaieie neoaeaiaoeyie c i?eaiaeo iaiao?aeiino?
aeeiioaaoe caaaeueiiiaia’yceia? i?aaeea, anoaiiaeai? aea?aeaaith.

?acii ?c oei, aeenoeeie?ia?ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca i?aaiaeie iane?aeeaie. I?e
iaeeaaeaii? ia iniao aeenoeeie?ia?iiai noyaiaiiy ooai?th?oueny ??
iaaaoeaia neoaeaiaa oa?aeoa?enoeea. O aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao, ye?
ia?aaeaa/ai? ii?iaie i?aaa, iaeeaaeaiiy aeenoeeie?ia?iiai noyaiaiiy
ia?aoeiaeaea? neoaeaiaiio i?inoaaiith iniae, i?aeaeuaiith ?? o caaii?.
Na?eiciei i?aaiiaiaaeaiiyi iniae, yea nei?ea aeenoeeie?ia?iee i?inooiie,
? ?? ca?eueiaiiy c ?iaioe.

O aeayeeo aeiaaeeao ca iiaoi?ia nei?iiy aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?inooieo
aeiiee iiaea aooe i?eoyaiooei aei e?ei?iaeueii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, ui
aeeeth/aii i?e nei?ii? aeenoeeie?ia?iiai i?inooieo.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e?  “Eiio?ieue ca iiaaae?ieith ?aoeeaeea?no?a a
onoaiiaao ii aeeiiaiith iiea?aiiy” cacia/a?oueny, ui iaei??th c iaeo/eo
i?iaeai iaoi? ae?eniino? ? ?aoeeaeeaia cei/eii?noue, ??aaiue yei?
i?ioyaii e?eueeio ?ie?a ia o?eueee caeeoa?oueny iaeiaeiaei, aea a
aeayeeo ?aa?iiao cia/ii i?aeaeuo?oueny. Aaea naia oea aeeeeea? o?eaiao ?
aeeeoo? iaiao?aei?noue a?eueo oaaaeiiai aea/aiiy oeueiai iaaacia/iiai
yaeua. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui iieacieee ?aoeeaeeao na?aae in?a,
canoaeaeaieo aaaaoi?aciai, ua iaaeoi aaeee?. Na?eicio i?iaeaio oey
eaoaai??y canoaeaeaieo noai?th? aeey ae?yeueiino? onoaiia, ine?eueee
aiie iio?aaothoue iniaeeaiai i?aeoiaeo a ieai? i?aoeaaeei?enoaiiy ?
oo?eioaaiiy, canoinoaaiiy aeoiaieo caoiae?a. Oei a?eueoa, ui oae?
cei/eioe? /anoi iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia ?ioeo canoaeaeaieo,
aenooiathoue ?iiae? e?aea?aie iaoi?iaeueieo a?oi iaaaoeaii?
ni?yiiaaiino?. Cia/io neeaaei?noue aeey aea?aeaae noaiiaeoue ?o iiaooiaa
aeaoooaaiiy oa i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy i?ney ca?eueiaiiy.

Iaeiei ?c aieiaieo aeaea?ae io?eiaiiy aeaieo i?i i?e/eie ?aoeeaeeaii?
cei/eiiino? ? iniaeno?noue cei/eioey-?aoeeaeea?noa.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aeiiothoue, ui ??aaiue ?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino? aeuee
na?aae in?a, ui a?aeaoee iiea?aiiy ca ii?ooaiiy i?aaee ianii?oii?
nenoaie, aeaa?aeoaaiiy, a?iaeyaeieoeoai, e?aae?aeee a?iiaaenueeiai,
aea?aeaaiiai ? iniaenoiai iaeia a?iiaaeyi, ae??ai? e?aae?aeee e
aee?aaeaiiy o?ainii?oieo cania?a. Naia oaeei iniaai o a?eueo?e i???
aeanoea? iaeiaaaoeai?o? ii?aeuei? yeino?, no?ee? aioea?iiaaenuee?
i???ioaoe?? oa onoaiiaee.

Ia aeiaaeeiai iaea?eueo aenieee ??aaiue ?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino?
niinoa??aa?oueny na?aae in?a, ca?eueiaieo c onoaiia iniaeeaiai ?
noai?iai ?aaeeio, oiaoi oeo, ooi ia iaeei ?ac, a aaaaoi?aciai i?eoyaaany
aei e?ei?iaeueii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?.

Ca aeaieie i?iaaaeaiiai aea??eiaiai nioe?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy, na?aae
1500 canoaeaeaieo-?aoeeaeea?no?a, oo?eioaaieo a onoaiiaao Caii??cueei?
iaeano?, 36,3% iaiaeii?aciai canoaeaeaieo in?a ii/aee cei/eiio
ae?yeuei?noue o a?oe? aei 18 ?ie?a, a 38% — o a?oe? a?ae 18 aei 25
?ie?a.

I?eaa?oa? oaaao oa ianoaaeia, ui iaea?eueoa noaeeiinoae iathoue o? c
ianoaaeaieo cei/eioe?a-?aoeeaeea?no?a, ye? ii/aee cei/eiio ae?yeuei?noue
ua aei aeinyaiaiiy ieie 16 ?ie?a, ? ni?aaa ooo ia o?eueee a e?eueeino?
noaeeiinoae. Iniae, ye? noaee ia cei/eiiee oeyo o ?aiiueiio a?oe?,
caiaeii, noaaoe ?aoeeaeea?noaie, cae?eniththoue iaea?eueo oyaee?
cei/eie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaenoino? aaaaoi?aciai canoaeaeaiiai ?aoeeaeea?noa ia?
nooo?a? iniaeeaino? i?e ii??aiyii?, iai?eeeaae, c iniaenoinoyie oae
caaieo “ia?aeiieo” cei/ei?a. An? ianoaaeie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?o
noni?eueio iaaaciaeo, aeioe?eueii ?iciiae?eeoe ia /ioe?e a?oie:

1. Ianoaaeie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue iniaeno?noue, iiaaae?ieo ? iia’ycai?
?c nei?iiyi inoaiiueiai cei/eio, eiai oa?aeoa?ii ? i??ith i?iaeie,
iioeaaie ? iaoith eiai cae?eniaiiy, a oaeiae ca’ycie c i?aaiii?ooaiiyie
? iiia?aaei?i niiniaii aeeooy.

2. Ianoaaeie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue iniaeno?noue caeioaa/aiiai a ia??iae
aei cae?eniaiiy inoaiiueiai cei/eio, iayai?noue ?iaioe, noaaeaiiy aei
ia?, noaaeaiiy aei n?i’?, ??aeieo, o/anoue o a?iiaaenueeiio aeeoo?,
canoinoaaiiy aei iueiai aaei?i?no?aoeaieo, aeenoeeie?ia?ieo /e
a?iiaaenueeeo caoiae?a aieeao.

3. Ianoaaeie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iniiai? aoaie anueiai aeeooy
caeioaa/aiiai, oiiae aeoiaaiiy a n?i’?, oeie?, iiaaae?ieo ia ?iaio?,
iaoi?iaeuei? eiioaeoe.

4. Noa’?eoeai? iniaeno?ni? i?e/eie nei?iiy cei/ei?a, o oiio /ene?
inoaiiueiai.

Cacia/a?oueny, ui i?aaie aeinoaeiaiai ne?aenoaa ? noae an? oe? oaeoi?e
aeyaeythoue ??aeei, ia caaaeaee anaa?/ii aea/athoue ianoaaeie, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue iniaeno?noue oeeo cei/ei?a, ia a?aoiaothoueny aiie
iiai?noth ? i?e i?ecia/aii? caeioaa/aiiio iiea?aiue, ine?eueee iniiaiei
i???ioe?ii aeey i?aainoaeaey o a?aeiioaii? aei ?aoeeaeea?no?a ?
oi?iaeuei? ianoaaeie, iia’ycai? c iiia?aaei?ie noaeeiinoyie. I?ae oei,
ianoaaeie, ui aeicaieythoue noaeo ia?aoe i??o iiea?aiiy, yea iaea?eueoa
a?aeiia?aea? nooiaith iaaacia/iino? oaeeo ?aoeeaeea?no?a, ? ia o?eueee
e?euee?noue, oa?aeoa? cae?eniaieo ?aoeeaeea?noii cei/ei?a, i??a
iiea?aiiy, i?ecia/aia ca oe? cei/eie, oa?i?i ? iiaiioa a?aeaoaaiiy
iiia?aaeiueiai iiea?aiiy, aea e i?aenoaae ca?eueiaiiy a?ae
iiia?aaeiueiai iiea?aiiy, /an, ui i?ieoia i?ae cei/eiaie, ia?aoo?, ui
aeoaea aaaeeeai, i?e/eie cei/eiii? iiaaae?iee. Aea aaaaoi c oeeo
a?aeiiinoae a?aenooi? a e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao ? ae?ieao.

A?eueoa /anoeia ianoaaeaieo a?eii aei 40 ?ie?a ? noa?o? — iaiae?oaeai?.
O ca’yceo c oeei i?e?iaeiei yaeuai ? ? oa, ui ?iaeeii? ca’ycee oeo, ooi
aei 40 ?ie?a i?aeo?eio? noinoiee eeoa c aaoueeaie, — 69,4%. O oeo, ooi
noa?oee ca 40 ?ie?a, aaouee?a caeeoeeinue iaei, ? oiio c aaoueeaie
i?aeo?eiothoue noinoiee eeoa 24,2%, a 29,7% ?c noa?oeo acaaae? i? c eei
ia i?aeo?eiothoue noinoie?a.

Na?aae canoaeaeaieo, a na?aae ?aoeeaeea?no?a noa?oiai a?eo ua a a?eueo?e
i???, e?euee?noue in?a, ui ia?aaoaathoue o oetha?, iaioa, i?ae o in?a,
aia?oa canoaeaeaieo aei iicaaaeaiiy aie?. N?i’?, caniiaai? eeoa ia
oaeoe/ieo oethaieo noinoieao, neeaaeathoue /aoaa?oo /anoeio an?o n?iae
?aoeeaeea?no?a noa?oiai a?eo ? ?iciaaeathoueny ?ioaineai?oa ca n?i’?,
caniiaai? ia caeiiiiio oetha?.

Cia/ia /anoeia ?aoeeaeea?no?a — oea iniae, ui ia iathoue ia o?eueee
n?iae, aea e iino?eiiai i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy. Na?aae ?aoeeaeea?no?a
/ieia?/i? noao? in?a, ui ia iathoue iino?eiiai i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy, a o?e
?ace a?eueoa, i?ae na?aae aia?oa canoaeaeaieo.

Aeeaeia ? no?ee?noue iniaeeainoae aioenoni?eueii? ni?yiiaaiino?
iniaenoino? eaaeeoue a iniia? ?o e?ei?iieia?/ii? eeaneo?eaoe??. Ca
no/anieo oiia aeioe?eueii ?ic??cithaaoe ?aoeeaeea?no?a aioenioe?aeueiiai
? anioe?aeueiiai oei?a. Ana?aaeei? oeeo eaoaai??e ?aoeeaeea?no?a iiaeia
eeaneo?eoaaoe ca oa?aeoa?ii aioenioe?aeueii? ni?yiiaaiino? ia a?oie
ianeeueieoeueeeo, ei?eneeaeo oa ?ioeo cei/ei?a. Iiaeeeaee ? iiaeaeueoee
?iciiae?e ia aeaee ? ??ciiaeaee ca ?ioeie i?aenoaaaie.

?aoeeaeea?noe aioenioe?aeueiiai oeio neeaaeathoue a?oio iaea?eueo
iaaacia/ieo ? aeoeaieo cei/eioe?a, ui na?aeiii i?ioenoaaeythoue naaa
noni?euenoao, aeoeaii caia?a/othoue ?yae eiai nioe?aeueieo ii?i. Aeey
ieo oa?aeoa?ia iino?eia aioiai?noue aei a/eiaiiy cei/ei?a, caeaoi?noue
a/eieoe cei/ei i?ae aieeaii iaeiaaacia/i?oeo i?e/ei. Na?aae in?a oe???
eaoaai??? /anoi cono??/athoueny iaaacia/i? cei/eioe?, ye? aieiae?thoue
e?aea?nueeeie cae?aiinoyie, i/ieththoue i?aai?ciaai? cei/eii? a?oie,
cae?eniththoue oyaee? cei/eie, ye ianeeueieoeuee?, oae ? ei?eneea?.

Aeey ?aoeeaeea?no?a aioenioe?aeueiiai oeio oa?aeoa?iith ? aeeaiea
aeaoi?iaoe?y noa?e ?ioa?an?a ? iio?aa, a?oa?noue, iaaaoea?ci, e?aei?e
nooi?iue ?iaeea?aeoae?cio. Noai nioe?aeueii? iaaaeaeaaoiino? aeinyaa? o
ieo ??aiy iiaiiai ?ic?eao c ii?iaeueiei na?aaeiaeuai. I?ae aieeaii
aeiaaiai ia?aaoaaiiy a i?noeyo iicaaaeaiiy aie? aaaaoi c ieo iiai?noth
ao?a/a? nioe?aeueii ei?eni? ca’ycee, ye?, ye i?aaeei, ia
a?aeiiaeththoueny.

Iniaeeai? oaaae iio?aao? aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae ?aoeeaeea?no?a, oai?eo ia
aeeiaie?ci /e ia?eiiai?th. Iiiyooyi “ia?eiiai?y” ioiieth?oueny aeaaii
a?aeiia a iaaeeoeei? a?oia caoai?thaaiue, i?e yeeo aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue
i?aai?cio i?aeo?eio?oueny ia iaaiiio ??ai? o?eueee ca oiia iino?eiiai
i?eeiio ia?eioe/ieo ?a/iaei, ui aaaea aei aeeaieiai aeniaaeaiiy o?ce/ieo
? ineo?/ieo ooieoe?e. Ia?eioeci ne?ae ?icoi?oe ye nioe?aeueia yaeua,
nooi?noue yeiai iieyaa? a i?eeo/aii? ie?aieo a?oi ianaeaiiy aei
aaeeaaiiy ia?eioee?a.

O oiae? iiaeeaeaieo aan?ae ?c canoaeaeaieie i?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui
oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith iniaenoino? aeeiaie?e?a ? ia?eiiai?a ? oa, ui
iaiii??ia aaeeaaiiy nie?oieo iaii?a ? ia?eioe/ieo ?a/iaei i?ecaaei aei
caaaeueiiai cieaeaiiy ii?aeueiiai oa ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ??aiy, i?ae??aaei
?o neeo ? aieth, iieaaoeei ? i?enei?eei aeieeiaiiy o ieo cei/eiiiai
caaeoio, ni?eyei ia?aiic? a ?o na?aeiiino? iaaaoeaieo aioenioe?aeueieo
iioea?a, a oaeiae caaeooeei iaia’yceo, iiaaae aei caeiio. Iniaeea?noue
iniaenoino? ?aoeeaeea?no?a noa?oiai a?eo, ye? ? o?ii?/ieie aeeiaie?eaie
? ia?eiiaiaie, iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiie, ye i?aaeei, aaeaeoae? aei nai??
aie?, ?ioa?an?a ?ioeo canoaeaeaieo. ?i cia/iith i??ith aeanoea?
?ia?oi?noue, /a?noa?noue, a?aenooi?noue aoaeue-yei? ia?niaeoeae ? iaoe a
aeeoo?. Ana eiei ?o ?ioa?an?a, ye anoaiiaeaii, aieiaiei /eiii
caiaeeoueny aei aaaioaaiiy iio?aae o nie?oieo iaiiyo ? ia?eioeeao.

Ae?oaith iniaeea?noth caei?ia’y canoaeaeaieo ?aoeeaeea?no?a ? iayai?noue
na?aae ieo oeo, ooi a o?e /e ?io?e i??? no?aaeaea? ineo?/ieie
aiiiae?yie.

Oae? ineo?/i? aeanoeaino?, ye ?iioeueneai?noue, iaia?aaeaa/ai?noue
iiaaae?iee, /anoi aoaathoue iia’ycai? c iayai?noth oaeeo aiiiae?e o
aaaaoi?aciai canoaeaeaieo ?aoeeaeea?no?a.

Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae oa?aeoa?o ? iiaaae?iee ?aoeeaeea?no?a ia
ae/a?io?oueny aecia/aiiyi oiai, ui an?i aai /anoei? cei/eioe?a aeanoea?
aioenoni?euei? ?ene. Cia/aiiy eiai iieyaa? a oiio, ui oeyoii c’ynoaaiiy
ii?aeueieo, aeaiia?ao?/ieo, ea?ii-i?aaiaeo, ineoieia?/ieo oa ?ioeo
iniaeeainoae ?aoeeaeea?no?a ? iaoai?ci?a oi?ioaaiiy aioenioe?aeueieo
i???ioaoe?e ? oaeeo aea ni?yiiaaiinoae aeine?aeaeothoueny i?e/eie e
ci?no cei/eiii? iiaaae?iee. Ioaea, iniaeno?niee i?eioeei ? aaaeeeaei
aeey iiaeieaiiy iayaiiai ?ic?eao i?ae i?iaeaiith iniaenoino? ?
i?iaeaiith ?? iiaaae?iee.

Ca aeaieie niinoa?aaeaiue, aei /enea iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieo a?aeiineoueny
iaoiae ineoieia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo, yeee noaiiaeoue niaith oaeiae ?
oi?io aeoeaiiai aieeao ia iniao, ui aea/a?oueny.

Ia?oee aoai — iiia?aaei? aea/aiiy ?aoeeaeea?noa ? a?oie, c yeith a?i
ni?eeo?oueny (aeeoeiaa naeoe?y, eaiea aai a?eaaaea).

Ae?oaee aoai — aecia/aiiy neooaoe?? ? iaaeaaia?/ieo caaaeaiue, ca
aeiiiiiaith yeeo iiaeia aeeeeeaoe oo /e ?ioo ?aaeoe?th caieo
canoaeaeaiiai ? ?acii c oei aeoiaoaaoe eiai.

O?ao?e aoai — cae?eniaiiy caieaiiaaieo caoiae?a ? aea/aiiy iiaaae?iee
canoaeaeaiiai ca noai?aieo ianoaaei, eiai ?aaeoe?y ia aieea.

*aoaa?oee aoai — neeaaeaiiy ia?oioiaaieo oa?aeoa?enoee, a yeeo iiaeiai
aooe aeaiee ye?niee aiae?c iniaenoino? canoaeaeaiiai ? aecia/ai? oeyoe
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo.

Ia iiaeia caaoaaoe, ui ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio caaaeaee
iiaeiai aooe ni?yiiaaiee ia aea/aiiy ?aoeeaeea?noa a i?ioean? eiai
i?aoe?, ina?oe e aeoiaaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, aeeaiea ? anaa?/ia aea/aiiy iniaenoino? canoaeaeaiiai —
iaa?ae’?iia noi?iia i?ioeano eiai aei?aaeaiiy, iaia’yceiaa oiiaa oni?oo.
Aiii iiaeiii i?iaaaeeoeny iino?eii ? aaciina?aaeiuei c ia?oiai ? aei
inoaiiueiai aeiy ia?aaoaaiiy canoaeaeaiiai a onoaiia?.

I?ae aea/aiiyi iniaenoino? canoaeaeaiiai ne?ae ?icoi?oe nenoaio
cae?eniaiiy aeoiaaoaeai iaaeaaia?/ieo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia
iaea?aeaiiy ? anaa?/iee aiae?c aeaieo, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iniaeno?noue
canoaeaeaiiai c iaoith iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii canoinoaaiiy aei iueiai
caoiae?a ? cania?a ia?aeiiaiiy ? aei?aaeaiiy.

Oe?e? aea/aiiy iniaenoino? canoaeaeaiiai:

— aeyaeaiiy iiceoeaieo oa iaaaoeaieo noi??i eiai iiaaae?iee;

— i?aaeeueia i?aai?caoe?y aeoiaii? ?iaioe c iei;

— iaea?eueo aeioe?eueia i?aai?caoe?y no?oeoo?iiai i?ae?icae?eo (caa?i,
a?eaaaea, oeao);

— iaea?eueo aoaeoeaia canoinoaaiiy caoiae?a o?oaeiaiai aieeao;

— aeyaeaiiy ae?eniiai aei?aaeaiiy canoaeaeaiiai ? neeaaeaiiy ia iueiai
oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Aeey i?aaeeueii? i?aai?caoe?? i?ioeano aei?aaeaiiy ?aoeeaeea?no?a ne?ae
ona?aeiieoe, ye? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? aeanoeaino? iniaenoino? aecia/athoue
?? aenieo noni?eueio iaaacia/i?noue.

Iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ieie iniaeeainoyie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue iniaeno?noue
oeo /e ?ioeo ?aoeeaeea?no?a (a ??cieo eiia?iaoe?yo), iiaeooue aooe:

— aioenoni?eueia ni?yiiaai?noue iniaenoino?, yea aeyaey?oueny a ia?aaac?
niioai?aieo iaoa??aeueieo iio?aa iaae aeooiaieie, a aioenioe?aeueieo
onoaiiaeao, oeaieo ii?aeueieo ?aeaaeao, cei/eii?e “aeeoo?a?e o?einio??”;

— iaaaoeai? ?ene oa?aeoa?o (aai?ci, ?iaeea?aeoae?ci), ye? ae?aaeathoue
noaaeaiiy ?aoeeaeea?noa aei noni?euenoaa;

— aiie?oe/i?noue, aac?aeaei?noue, aii?aeuei?noue, a?aenooi?noue
iao??ioecio, ii/oooy iaia’yceo ? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ia?aae
noni?euenoaii ? aea?aeaaith;

— iai?eeiyooy noni?eueii ei?enii? i?aoe?, ia?aceoe/iee niin?a aeeooy, c
iaoith caaacia/aiiy yeiai iniaa cae?enith? cei/eie;

— ia?ae?o/aia ?icoi?iiy naiai noaio a noni?euenoa?, iaaaeaeaaoia ioe?iea
nai?o ae?e, iiaaae?iee, a/eiaiiai cei/eio;

— iayai?noue ia?aa?eueoaiiai ii/oooy cia/ouino? nai?? iniaenoino?, yea
aeyaey?oueny a ca?aooaaii? naaa aei ni?eeaeo, ??oo/eo, aeiyoeiaeo
ethaeae, naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy aaeyeith oe?iith aeey aeciaiiy naiai
aaoi?eoaoo ?ioeie canoaeaeaieie, aeei?enoaiiy a oeeo oe?eyo ianeeuenoaa,
a ?iiae? — a/eiaiiy iiaeo cei/ei?a;

— aia?o?noue, oiaoi iaaiioeaiaaiee ii?? (o aeaeyae? ae?? aai
aacae?yeueiino?) an?i caniaai aieeao, ye? iioiaeyoue a?ae
aaei?i?no?aoe?? eieii??;

— iaaeenoeeie?iiaai?noue ye iane?aeie iiaaiiai aeoiaaiiy, iaaaoeaia
ni?yiiaai?noue aie?, neaaea ?icaeiaiiy ii?aeueieo ii/ooo?a;

— noeeuei?noue aei ceiaaeeaaiiy nie?oiei, iayai?noue oeo /e ?ioeo
aiiiae?e.

Aeeaiea ciaiiy ii?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aoeeaeea?no?a
aeicaiey? iaeaaeiei /eiii aoaeoaaoe ?iaioo c aeei??iaiiy oeo ?en, ye?
iaea?eueoith i??ith ni?eyee ca?iaeaeaiith oa oe??ieaiith aioenoni?eueieo
iiaeyae?a oa cae/ie ? noaee a ?yae? aeiaaee?a i?e/eiith a/eiaiiy
cei/eio.

Iaea?eueoee aieea ia iiaaae?ieo iniaenoino? /eieoue aaciina?aaei?
nioe?aeueia ioi/aiiy. Aeuaneacaia iiai?noth a?aeiineoueny aei
?aoeeaeea?no?a, ui a?aeaoaathoue iiea?aiiy. O ni?eeoaaii? i?ae niaith
aiie ooai?ththoue niaoeeo?/ia na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio ?o aca?ieie
?aaoeththoueny, c iaeiiai aieo, ?icii?yaeaeaiiyie /eiiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa, a c ?ioiai — i?eeiyoeie na?aae ieo iaoi?iaeueieie
nioe?aeueieie ii?iaie ? oe?iiinoyie, ?iciiae?eaiiyi ?ieueiaiai noaoono.

?aoeeaeea?noe /ano?oa ia’?aeiothoueny a iae? a?oie ia i?aenoaa?
aeaaiueiai ciaeiinoaa, ni?eueiiai i?iaeeaaiiy ?ai?oa ? aeayeeo
caoiieaiue. O oie aea /an oa?aeoa?ii, ui 11,7% ?aoeeaeea?no?a ye iniiao
ae?oaei?o noinoie?a c ?ioeie canoaeaeaieie iacaaee i?aaiaiiy caoenoeoe
naaa a?ae iiaeeeaeo iinyaaiue caieo ce?nieo cei/eioe?a.

I?aee?aneeii, ui ?iiae? canoaeaeai? ii aeae?eueea ?ac?a a?aeaoaathoue
iiea?aiiy a iaei?e ? o?e aea eieii?? noai?iai ?aaeeio. Iiae?aia i?aeoeea
ia ni?ey? iaeo?ae?caoe?? aieeao ia iiaaae?ieo iaaaoeaieo a?oi
canoaeaeaieo.

O i?ioean? eiio?ieth iiaaae?iee ? aei?aaeaiiy ?aoeeaeea?no?a aaaeeeai
oi?ioaaoe ? ea?oaaoe nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii o eieii??. Ia?o
ca ana i?e aei?aaeaii? ?aoeeaeea?no?a ne?ae aeyaeyoe ? ea?oaaoe oeie
oaeoi?aie, ye? neeaaeathoue iioeaaoe?eio nenoaio iniaenoino?, ui icia/a?
aieeaaoe ia oo eaieo, yea aieiaiei /eiii aecia/a? iiaaae?ieo
?aoeeaeea?noa.

Iaaaaeaii aeai? i?i iiaaae?ieo a eieii?yo noai?iai ?aaeeio
?aoeeaeea?no?a iieiaeoiai ? noa?oiai a?eo.

Oae, aieaooaaiiy canoaeaeaieo, aenia?oi? ioe?iee ? aea/aiiy iniaiaeo
ni?aa iieacaee, ui ia?niaeoea iie?auaiiy oiia oo?eiaiiy o a?eueoino?
iaia? — 76,7%. C a?eii canoaeaeaiiai oae? ia?niaeoeae ca?eueoothoueny.
Ia?niaeoeae aeino?ieiaiai ca?eueiaiiy i?eaeecii ??ai?: 36,6% o ia?oeo ?
33,4% o ae?oaeo. Iaaiaee, eiia??i?noue ia?aaiaeo o aeaeyae? iiea?aiiy a
i?ei?uaiiy eaia?iiai oeio o noa?oeo a?eueoa — 83,3% (o iieiaeoeo —
61,8%) Oa ae naia iiaeia neacaoe i?i eiia??i?noue a/eiaiiy iiaiai
cei/eio a onoaiia? — 83,3% ? 76,9% a?aeiia?aeii. Oe?eeii c?icoi?ei, ui a
neeo a?eo eiia??i?noue aeciaiiy iniaeeai iaaacia/iei ?aoeeaeea?noii o
noa?oeo aeua — 73,2% (45,5% — o iieiaeoeo). Na?aae ieo a?eueoa oeo, ooi
i?aeiaaea? i?ae aaei?i?no?aoeaiee iaaeyae i?ney ca?eueiaiiy c eieii?? —
53,3% o noa?oeo, 27,7% o iieiaeoeo. Aei i?aoe? noaaeeenue noie?iii
i?eaeecii iaeiaeia? /anoee canoaeaeaieo — 69,7% ? 73,3%.

Aaeaioaoe?y ?aoeeaeea?no?a o eieii?yo noai?iai ?aaeeio i?ioiaeeoue, ye
i?aaeei, oaeaeei ? aacaie?nii. Iaeiae i?aeoeea iieaco?, ui aiie ia
aaaeathoue anooiaoe a eiioaeoe c oe?ieei eieii canoaeaeaieo, ciaaaaeeeai
noaaeyoueny aei iieiae?, yea ia? aea? /e o?e noaeeiino?.

Ia iniia? aiae?co neeaaeo aeaii? eaoaai??? in?a, aeaieo iieooaaiiy,
aea/aiiy iniaenoeo ni?aa ? iaaeyaeo, c o?aooaaiiyi iaoieia?/iiai iioyao
aei aeeiaieth oa ia?eioee?a ?o iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia /ioe?e a?oie:

1. ?aoeeaeea?noe-aeeiaie?ee oa ia?eiiaie aac ianooio aeaa?aaeaoe??
iniaenoino?. Oe? iniae iiceoeaii ?aaaothoue ia aeiiae ?aaeeio, ia
i?ioeae?thoue i?ioeaeeiaieueiiio e?eoaaiith, noie?iii noaaeyoueny aei
i?aoe?, aa?ooue o/anoue o a?iiaaenueeiio aeeoo?, yeui aiaaiai?, ui aei
ieo aoaeooue canoiniaai? i?eueae.

2. Iniae, ye? ii/eiathoue aeaa?aaeoaaoe. Aiie oaeiae ia a?aeiiaeythoueny
a?ae i?ioeaeeiaieueiiai e?eoaaiiy, aea a oiae? e?eoaaiiy noaaeyoueny aei
iueiai c iaaeia??ith. sse i?aaeei, aeiaea?aeothoueny ?aaeeio, noie?iii
i?aoeththoue, iiceoeaii ?aaaothoue ia aeoiai? caoiaee.

3. Iniae c /anoeiaith aeaa?aaeaoe??th iniaenoino?. A?eueo?noue c ieo
a?aeiiaey?oueny a?ae e?eoaaiiy, a iniiaiiio iineeath/enue ia iiaaiee
noai caei?ia’y. E?eoaaiiy i?eeiathoue i?ney o?eaaei? ?ic’ynithaaeueii?
?iaioe c ieie. Aeiioneathoue ii?ooaiiy ?aaeeio, ianeaii noaaeyoueny aei
i?aoe? ? aeoiaii? ?iaioe.

4. Iniae c aeeaieith aeaa?aaeaoe??th iniaenoino?, ae?ae caiaaeaai? a
nioe?aeueiiio a?aeiioaii?. Iniiaia ?o iana eaoaai?e/ii a?aeiiaey?oueny
a?ae e?eoaaiiy i?ioyaii anueiai oa?i?io iiea?aiiy. Aiie nenoaiaoe/ii
ii?ooothoue ?aaeei, ia ?aaaothoue ia aeoiai? caoiaee, ui i?iaiaeyoueny,
iae?eoe/ii noaaeyoueny aei nai?o a/eie?a, iaioaei? ? ia
aeiaea?aeothoueny aeiia a?a??ie. Oiio, ona?aeiieaoe oe? iniaeeaino? oa
neeaaoe ineoieia?/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?aoeeaeea?no?a c /enea aeeiaie?e?a
oa ia?eiiai?a, aaei?i?no?aoe?y iiaeiia a?aie/ii aeoea?coaaoe
iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean, ni?yioaaoe anth aeoiaio ?iaioo, a ia?oo /a?ao, ia
ia?aaoaeiao ?o iniaenoino?, aeoiaaiiy a ieo ii?aeueieo yeinoae,
ona?aeiieaiiai noaaeaiiy aei aeiia ?aaeeio ? aei e?eoaaiiy.

Ca aeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiy, iniiaieie ??ciiaeaeaie ineo?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue canoaeaeaieo, ui oo?eiothoueny a onoaiiaao Caii??cueei?
iaeano?, ? ineoiiao?y, iane?aeee /a?aiii-iiceiaeo o?aai, ?aaeoeai?
ineoice, i?aai?/i? o?aaeaiiy oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, ai?eain?y.

?c aeaieo oaaeeoe? aeaeii, ui iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue ia?aeiieo
iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei e?ea?i? i?eeoeanue ia in?a, ui ia?aianee
/a?aiii-iiceia? o?aaie, ? oai?eo ia ineoiiao?th (a?aeiia?aeii 49,7% ?
18,5%).

C in?a, ui no?aaeaeathoue ia ?aaeoeai? ineoice, aae?oaa iaae?eoee aei
e?ea?i? ia e?eoaaiiy 25,3%, aai eiaeiee /aoaa?oee. Aiae?c i?e/ei
iiaoi?ieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue iieacaa, ui iae/ano?oa ?aoeeaeeae ?aaeoeaieo
ineoic?a iaee i?noea oai, aea canoaeaeai? c e?ea?i? ciiao iio?aieyee a
o?aaioth/a ioi/aiiy. Oaeei /eiii, aeoiaaoae? iaaeinoaoiuei caaaeathoue
ia iniaeeaino? oeeo in?a, o ineo?/iiio noai? yeeo, ye i?aaeei, ua
i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai /ano caeeoaeany anoai?y. Iniaeeao ineo?/io o?aaio
iaiineei iai?aaeeueia i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy oeeo canoaeaeaieo, iai?eeeaae, o
aaioeeyoe?eiee oeao iaei??? c eieii?e, aea i?aoey a?aecia/a?oueny
iiiioiii?noth, iai?oaeaiiyi oaaae, ui oaeaeei i?ecaiaeeoue aei
aeaeiiiainaoe?? oeeo in?a ? iiaoi?iiai iai?aaeaiiy ?o aei e?ea?i?
(aeaiith i?e/eiith aeeeeeai? 50% iiaa?iaiue o e?ea?ith). O canoaeaeaieo,
ui ia?aianee ?aaeoeai? ineoice, c’yaey?oueny oaeaeea o?ce/ia
aoiiethaai?noue, iaoyaeeeaa ii/oooy aeaniiai aacneeey. O ieo ae?ae
cieaeai? aoaeue-ye? i?aaiaiiy aei aeoeaii? ae?yeueiino?,
niinoa??aa?oueny neoo?noue ?oo?a, cieaeaiiy iano?ith, ii?ooaiiy nio. Oe?
iniae /anoi nea?aeaoueny ia aieiaiee a?eue, caiaii?i/aiiy aieiae, ui
iineeth?oueny i?e oaeethaaii? oa aaean?. Aeieeiaiiy ia oeueiio oii?
ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a ? i?aenoaaith aeey iai?aaeaiiy ia noaoe?iia?ia
e?eoaaiiy.

Iniaeeao a?oio neeaaeathoue anoai?/i? ineoiiaoe, anoai?y yeeo
ae?aaea?oueny o o?ce/i?e iaaeo?eaaeino?, neaaeino? ? iaaiaaiaiino? a
nia?. Aei ieo a?aeiinyoueny iniae c? neaaeei oeiii ia?aiai? nenoaie, c?
noeeuei?noth aei ianeaii-aaeueioaaeueieo ?aaeoe?e. Cieaeaia o?ce/ia
naiiii/oooy ni?ey? aeieeiaiith o ieo ii/oooy aeanii? iaiiaiioe?iiino?,
ni?ii’yceeaino?, o?aceeaino?.

Anoai?/i? ineoiiaoe oai?iaeeai ni?eeiathoue a?oa?noue, iiaaii
caeeathoue aei iiai? ianoaiiaee, iino?eii iacaaeiaieai? niaith,
a?ae/oaathoue iaa’yceeaee no?ao. Oae, canoaeaeaiee ?. c aeeoeinoaa
a?aecia/aany ni?ii’yceea?noth, ia??oo/?noth, oai?iaeeai noeeueiee
iino?eii aiae?coaaoe naith iiaaae?ieo. I?e aeaoooaaii? a eieii?? aoa
caieiaiee, onai?oithaaany a?ae eieaeoeao, aaaeei caeeaa aei iiai?
ianoaiiaee. Eiee aei iueiai i?aae’yaeee ?aaeeiii-iaaeaaia?/i? aeiiae,
iacaaa?ii aeaa aoaeoeaiee c?ea ?c ianooiiei ?icaeoeii oyaeeiai
aeai?aneaiiai noaio.

Ineoianoai?/iee oa?aeoa? i?iyaey?oueny oaeiae o iino?eiiio
naiieiio?ie?, o oai?iaeeaiio naiieiie?naii?, o noeeueiino? aei ionoiai
ioae?oaaiiy. Anoai?/i? ineoiiaoe cae/aeii i’ye? ? aeae?eaoi? o
a?aeiineiao c ?ioeie, aea aoiieththoue ioi/oth/eo iino?eieie noii?aaie.
?iaioa c ieie ia aeeeeea? iniaeeaeo o?oaeiiu?a o aeoiaaoae?a. Oe?
canoaeaeai? cae/aeii aeenoeeie?iiaai?, noa?aii?, oieeathoue eiioe?eo?a,
eaaei aoyaothoueny a o?oaeia? i?ioeane. Aea ne?ae iai’yoaoe, ui i?e
ia?aiai?oaeaii?, i?e noaaeaii? aei ieo aac o?aooaaiiy ?o iniaeeainoae
aiie iiaeooue aeaaaoe aoaeoeai? c?eae aai aiaaeaoe a aeai?aneaiee noai.

Niaoeeo?ea aeoiaii? ?iaioe ?c canoaeaeaieie, ye? iathoue ineo?/i?
aiiiae??, iieyaa? a oiiaiiio niieo/aii? e?eoaaeueieo ? aeoiaieo
caoiae?a.

?icae?e o?ao?e “Iniaeeaino? ea?aeueii-aeoiaiiai aieeao ia
?aoeeaeea?no?a” i?enay/aiee aea/aiith i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo ieoaiue,
aei?aaiiai aieeao ia ?aoeeaeea?no?a.

Iaeiiai /ano a e?oa?aoo?? c e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai i?aaa aoea o
aaeeoeo oaea oi?ioea i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua ?aoeeaeea?no?a: aiie
ei?enoothoueny an?ia i?aaaie ? ia ieo iieeaaeathoueny an? iaia’ycee
a?iiaaeyi, ca aeiyoeii oeo i?aa, yeeie aiie ia iiaeooue nei?enoaoeny,
aai oeo iaia’yce?a, ye? aiie ia iiaeooue aeeiiaoe /a?ac oaeo iicaaaeaiiy
aie?. Oea oi?ioethaaiiy ia cian?i ocaiaeaeo?oueny c i?eioeeiii
caeiiiino?. A?i ciaia’yco? aeaoe a?iiaaeyieio ?aaeueio iiaeeea?noue
nei?enoaoeny oeie i?aaaie, ye? eiio iaaeai?. I?aaiaa iieiaeaiiy
aoaeue-yeiai canoaeaeaiiai, ? a oiio /ene? ?aoeeaeea?noa, iiaeiii
aeoiaeeoe ia c oiai, ui a?i oaeoe/ii ia iiaea nei?enoaoeny aeayeeie
i?aaaie ? aeeiiaoe aeaye? iaia’ycee, a c oiai, ui a iueiai iaia? oeeo
i?aa ? iaia’yce?a, ui i?aaiaee noaoon eiai cia/ii aoae/ee a?ae i?aaiaiai
noaoono a?iiaaeyieia, yeee ia?aaoaa? ia aie?.

Aeiiae noai?iai aeiaea?aeaiiy ?aoeeaeea?noaie oiia ?aaeeio ? aeeiiaiiy
ieie nai?o iaia’yce?a, o ii?aeiaii? c oaioaaiiyi ?o i?aa ? ?aaeueiei
ao?eaiiyi i?eioeeio caeiiiino? i?e a?aeaoaaii? iiea?aiiy.

Aiane?aeie iicaaaeaiiy aie? aeaye? i?aaa ? iaia’ycee a?iiaaeyieia o
?aoeeaeea?no?a aeaeici?iththoueny. Iai?eeeaae, o?oaeia? i?aaa, i?aai ia
a?aeii/eiie iaaeathoueny ?aoeeaeea?noia? c iaaieie iaiaaeaiiyie, ui
coiiaeaii oaeoii iicaaaeaiiy aie?. Oe? iaiaaeaiiy iieyaathoue, aieiaiei
/eiii, o oiio, ui iiea?aiiy o aeaeyae? iicaaaeaiiy aie? iaiaaeothoue
naiaiaeo aeai?o i?noey ?iaioe ? aeaeo ?iaioe, i?ioan??, niaoe?aeueiino?.
?aoeeaeea?noe iiaeii? i?aoethaaoe ia o?i ae?iaieoeoa?, yea ? a eieii??.
Oaeiai ?iaeo iaiaaeaiiy a naiaiae? i?aoe?, ia’?eoeaii iia’ycai? c
?cieyoe??th ?aoeeaeea?no?a, ia iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye iicaaaeaiiy i?aaa
ia i?aoeth.

O a?eueoino? canoaeaeaieo ?aoeeaeea?no?a nioe?aeueii ei?eni? ca’ycee
aai iiai?noth a?aenooi?, aai iaeaea ia?a?aai?. Oiio iaiao?aeii aianoe
ci?ie a e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/a caeiiiaeaanoai, ?icoe?eaoe eiei in?a, c
yeeie canoaeaeaiiio iaaeathoueny o?eaae? iiaa/aiiy (c i?aaii ni?eueiiai
i?iaeeaaiiy). Oea iiaeooue aooe ia o?eueee aeecuee? ?iaee/?, aea e
iniae, ui ia?aaoaaee aei a?aooo o oaeoe/ieo oethaieo a?aeiineiao.

Aecia/eoe, ui a??oth/ei canoaeaeaiei iaaeathoueny iiaa/aiiy c?
nayuaiiineoaeeoaeyie ? aiie iiaeooue ca aaaeaiiyi noi??i i?ioiaeeoe
iaiaeeioe?. Aeai? ieoaiiy iiaeii? ?aaoethaaoeny aeeeth/ii
caeiiiaeaanoaii, a ia a?aeii/eie ?ino?oeoe?yie.

Na?aae ?aoeeaeea?no?a iayaia cia/ia e?euee?noue ?iaae?ae?a ? in?a c
ineo?/ieie aiiiae?yie. Aeey oeeo eaoaai??e cei/eioe?a iaiao?aeii
i?aai?coaaoe niaoe?aeueia ae?iaieoeoai, ae?eyiee aeey aeaioiaeaiiy
iianyeaeaiiiai aaeeoeo, a i?e iaiao?aeiino? — ie?ai? ?iai/? i?noey. O
oaeeo aeiaaeeao ci?noiaia noi?iia i?aoe? ? ?? i?aai?caoe?y iiaeii?
a?aeiia?aeaoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yi iaaee/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a ? ii iiaeeeaino?
a?aoiaoaaoe ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? ?iaeea?aea aai ineo?/i?
aiiiae?? iniaenoino?. Oea ieoaiiy aeioe?eueii cae??ieoe a caaaeuei?e
oi?i? o caeiiiaeaanoa? oa a?aaoethaaoe a i?aecaeiiiiio aeo?. Iaiao?aeii
oaeiae i?iaeoiaoe iia? c?acee iaeyao: a?i ia iiaeiai aooe ai?
ia?aceeaei, ai? i?eieceeaei, ye, iai?eeeaae, a OAI iniaeeaiai ?aaeeio;
a?aeiia?aeaoe ee?iaoo ? aeicaieyoe i?aeo?eioaaoe caei?ia’y a
caaeia?eueiiio noai?.

Aei?aaeaiiy cei/eioe?a — i?ioean neeaaeiee ? ??ciiiai?oiee, iiceoeaiee
iane?aeie a yeiio aeinyaa?oueny aeaeaei ia caaaeaee. A i?ioean?
aaaaoi?aciaiai iicaaaeaiiy aie? o canoaeaeaieo iaeiie/o?oueny
niaoeeo?/iee aeina?ae, yeee aeicaiey? aiai?eoe i?i iayai?noue o ieo
nai?? oe?ii?nii-ii?iaoeaii? noa?e. I?aaenoaaieee oe??? nioe?aeueii?
a?oie i?aeaeathoueny aei?aaiiio aieeao, oiio ui a iniia? ?o iiaaae?iee
eaaeeoue oae caaiee “eiioe?eo ii?i”.

Aeeiiaiiy iicaaaeaiiy aie? — canoinoaaiiy aei ?aoeeaeea?no?a
anoaiiaeaieo caeiiii i?aaiiaiaaeaiue, ui noi?iaiaeaeothoueny
canoinoaaiiyi caoiae?a aei?aaii-o?oaeiaiai aieeao.

Oe? caoiaee noaiiaeyoue niaith eiiieaen aea?aeaaieo ? a?iiaaenueeeo
caoiae?a, ye? i?iaiaeyoueny a ?ioa?anao aei?aaeaiiy ?aoeeaeea?no?a.
Oa?aeoa? ? oyaee?noue a/eiaiiai cei/eio, iaaacia/i?noue iniaenoino?
?aoeeaeea?noa aeiaaa? aeiaeaoeiaeo cania?a ?? aei?aaeaiiy,
?anioe?ae?caoe??, a oeueiai iiaeia aeinyaoe o?eueee ca aeiiiiiaith
aei?aaii-o?oaeiaiai aieeao.

Inoaii?i /anii ci?oeiaiith i?aaiii?yaeeo a onoaiiaao na?eicii
ia?aoeiaeaea? c?inoaiiy /enea oa?oiiaaiue iaaaoeaii? ni?yiiaaiino?, ui
a?ae?iaeaeothoue ceiae?enuee? o?aaeeoe?? ? cae/a?, iin?yie ? ea??aieeaie
yeeo cae/aeii aenooiathoue ?aoeeaeea?noe, ui iaceaathoue naaa “ceiae?yie
a caeii?”.

Aiie ?iceeaaeathoue canoaeaeaieo iieiaeiai a?eo, i?e oeueiio ce?nii
i?ioeae?thoue aaei?i?no?aoe?? a cae?eniaii? ?? ooieoe?e.

Oey eaoaai??y ?aoeeaeea?no?a ei?enoo?oueny aaoi?eoaoii a iaaaoeaiiio
na?aaeiaeu? ? aeoeaii i?iaiaeeoue o aeeooy nai? o?aaeeoe??. “Ceiae?? a
caeii?” ia aie? acaaae?, ye na?ae/aoue iaoa??aee aea/aiiy iniaiaeo
ni?aa, ? i?aai?caoi?aie iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo cei/ei?a, /anoi ?o
ae?yeuei?noue iia’ycaia oaeiae c “o?iueiaith” aeiiii?eith, noai?aiiyi
inaaaeieiiia?aoea?a oiui. A onoaiiaao oe? iniae an?eyei ooeeythoueny
a?ae i?aoe?, i?eiooothoue aeeiioaaoe nai? iaia’ycee ?ioeo canoaeaeaieo.
Oey eaoaai??y ?aoeeaeea?no?a aaaeei i?aeaea?oueny aei?aaii-o?oaeiaiio
aieeao, aaaea ia?aceoe/iee niin?a aeeooy ca ?aooiie ?ioeo canoaeaeaieo,
aoyao? ?o o ??ci? ii?ooaiiy ?aaeeio: aaeeaaiiy ia?eioee?a, aca?oi? ?a?e,
ieyoeoai, caeiyooy ae??aiei “?aeaoii”, ioaeieicoaii, ooai?ththoue
a?oiia? iai?aeei?aiiy ? iaa?oue iania? caai?ooaiiy, ye? iaee i?noea a
aaaaoueio ?aa?iiao a 1989-1991 ??.

Aeoiaaoaeyi, iiaaii i?aeaioiaeaiei oai?aoe/ii, ye? ia iathoue
i?aeoe/ieo iaae/ie, aeoaea aaaeei aanoe c oeeie iniaaie aeoiaio ?iaioo,
oiio ui inoaii? caeaa?eueoiai ??oo/?, neeuei?, aa?aneai? ?iaeea?aee c
ae?aaeaiith no?eeith aioenoni?eueiith ni?yiiaai?noth. sseui aeoiaaoaeue
ia anoeaa? ooai?eoe aeoea ?c /enea in?a, ye? aoiaeyoue aei
naiiae?yeueieo i?aai?caoe?e, oi ?aoeeaeea?noe oaeaeei cae?athoue iaaeiei
naaa iieiaeeo, ii?aeueii iano?eeeo canoaeaeaieo ? ca?aaeathoue ?o nai?th
ineoieia??th, ae?iuothoue nia? iiae?aieo, caoiieaieo cei/eiiith
“?iiaioeeith” in?a.

C oaeeie canoaeaeaieie aeoiaaoaeyi iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe
oe?eani?yiiaaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueio ?iaioo. I?aeoeea aea/aiiy iniaenoino?
e?aea??a oa?oiiaaiue iieaco?: yeui nai?/anii aeieea? ?ica?i/aiiy
“ceiae??a”, ?iceeaae oa?oiiaaiue, oi oea ? iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo
iaiaei?iieo oiia aoaeoeaiino? i?io?eaeoeee i?aaiii?ooaiue o i?noeyo
iicaaaeaiiy aie?. Aeioe?eueii ia iaeio-aea? noi?aei? aaeoc? ooai?eoe
i?io?eaeoe/i? oeaio?e aeey aeeiiaiiy ?aaeeiii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe c aeaiith
eaoaai???th in?a, iacaeaaeii a?ae ??ciiaeaeo ?aaeeio, ca oiiae, ui
aaei?i?no?aoe??th ? i?ieo?aoo?ith ii iaaeyaeo ca i?noeyie iicaaaeaiiy
aie? aoaeooue a?aeae?aoeny aeey iai?aaeaiiy nthaee iaea?eueo iaaacia/i?
e?aea?e cei/eiieo oa?oiiaaiue, oo?eioaaoe yeeo iaiao?aeii a i?ei?uaiiyo
eaia?iiai oeio. A?aeiia?aei? ci?ie iiaeii? aooe aianai? a
caeiiiaeaanoai.

Aeoaea aaaeeeai ?aoeeaeea?no?a noa?oiai a?eo – ceiae??a iinoaaeoe a
oiiae iaiiaeeeaino? aanoe cae/iee ?i ia?aceoe/iee niin?a aeeooy,
ii?ooeaoe oei naiei iaeio c aieiaieo o?aaeeoe?e cei/eiii? “ae?oe”.

Ie?aia oo?eiaiiy oe??? eaoaai??? in?a, iaae?ei?noue ia?ae?eooy eaiae?a
iacaeiiiiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiy i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy, a?ioae, ?ioi?iaoe??
aoaeooue ni?eyoe ?iceeaaeo iaaaoeaieo oa?oiiaaiue ? oei naiei —
?acoeueoaoeaiino? a i?io?eaeoeoe? i?aaiii?ooaiue ? cei/ei?a.

Iaeii/anii c i?io?eaeoe/iei oeaio?ii iaiao?aeii noai?thaaoe eieii??,
uia iniae oe??? eaoaai??? i?ney ia?aaoaaiiy a oeaio?? caeeoaeeny aeey
i?iaeiaaeaiiy aeoiaii? ?iaioe c iaoith oe??ieaiiy iane?aee?a
aei?aaeaiiy.

Nueiaiaei?, ye iieacaea i?aeoeea, aeey i?aai?caoe?? aoaeoeaiiai
aei?aaii-o?oaeiaiai aieeao ia ?aoeeaeea?no?a iaiao?aeiith ? no?oiea
nenoaia i?aeoe/ieo caoiae?a, ye? a noeoiiino? caaacia/eee a ia ae?e?
i?aeaeuaiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiino? aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a onoaiiaao aeeiiaiiy
iiea?aiue.

Aea/aiiy ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo ?c aaeeaaiiyi ia?eioee?a,
?iciianthaeaeaiiyi ia?eiiai??, i?io?eaeoeeith oeueiai nioe?aeueii
iaaacia/iiai yaeua iieaco?, ui oey i?iaeaia noa? ana a?eueo
aeooaeueiith.

Iacaaaeath/e ia aaaaoi/eneaii?noue caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia ai?ioueao c
ia?eiiai??th, i?iaeiaaeo?oueny c?inoaiiy iieaciee?a iioe?aiiy ia?eioecio
a on?o aeniei?icaeiaieo ?aa?iiao na?oo. Aiaeia?/ia oaiaeaioe?y
niinoa??aa?oueny ? a iao?e e?a?i?.

Ca?ac ia?eiiai?y iniaeeai ?iciianthaeaeaia na?aae iaiiaiie?oi?o oa
iieiae?. Aiia caeaoia aeeeeeaoe iaaaoeai? iane?aeee ia o?eueee aeey
o?ce/iiai, ineoieia?/iiai noaio caei?ia’y naiiai ia?eiiaia, ii?aeueiiai
noaio iaoiai noni?euenoaa a oe?eiio, aea e iioe?aiiy
ei?eneeai-ianeeueieoeueeeo oa ?ioeo cei/ei?a.

Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui iniiaiei noeioeii iae?eoaaeueiiai aaeeaaiiy
ia?eioe/ieo ?a/iaei ia o?eueee a iao?e e?a?i?, aea e o anueiio na?o?,
aaaaea?oueny aeinyaiaiiy noaio aeoi???, oiaoi caaeiaieaiiy, aeaaeainoaa
oa aiioe?eiiai i?aeeiio. Iioeaaie ii/aoeo ia?eioecaoe??, ye i?aaeei,
noa? oe?eaa?noue aai iane?aeoaaiiy cae/ie, iaia?e iiaaae?iee.

I?iaaaeaiee aaoi?ii aiae?c ia?eiiai??, i?e/ei ? oiia, ui ni?eythoue ??
?iciianthaeaeaiith a e?a?i?, aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui
ia?eiiai?y — oea nioe?aeueia yaeua, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaaeie?eaie,
iiieeeaie, ii?ooaiiyie o noa?? ae?iaieoeoaa, ?iciiae?eo, i?aai?caoe??
i?aoe?, iiaooo, aeica?eey, aeoiaaiiy. Oe? oa ?io? i?ioe??//y ? iaaeie?ee
iaoiai nioe?aeueiiai aeeooy aeeaeyoue oa i?aeo?eiothoue
?iaeea?aeoae?noe/io ineoieia?th, ni?yiiaaio ia caaeiaieaiiy an?o iio?aa
iniaenoino?, i?e a?aenooiino? iiaeeeainoae ?o caaeiaieaiiy.

Onoiaiiy iaaaciaee ia?eiiai?? aeey iaoiai noni?euenoaa iiaeeeaa o?eueee
ca oiia ia’?aeiaiiy coneeue iaaeee?a, ?ia?oiee?a i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a,
iaaeaaia?a oe?e oa ?ioeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, aaouee?a, nee
a?iiaaenueeino?, oe?ieeo e?e aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa, onoaiia,
i?aai?caoe?e.

Ci?ie, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a iaoiio noni?euenoa?, /?oei a?aeoai?ththoue
iai?eaeaoi?noue ie?aieo noa?eo oi?i ? iaoiae?a ai?ioueae c ia?eiiai??th.
Naia oiio iaaeiaaeeiai, ui i?iaeaia ai?ioueae c ia?eiiai??th a iao?e
e?a?i? noaaeoueny a iaeei ?yae c oaeeie caaaeueiiethaenueeeie
i?iaeaiaie, ye caoeno a?ae oe?aeeeaiai aieeao yaea?ii? ?aae?aoe??,
ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ai?ioueae c iaeoyae/eie
caoai?thaaiiyie.

Aaaaoia?aii?noue oa aeeiai?/i?noue i?ioeano ia?eiiai?? iio?aao?
a?aooaaiiy aaaaoueio iiiaio?a i?e ?ic?iaoe? cania?a ai?ioueae c iath,
oe?ieiai eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie,
canoinoaaiiy nenoaiiiai aiae?co c aecia/aiiyi iaea?eueo ?noioieo
oaeoi??a, a oaeiae anoaiiaeaiiy aca?iicaeaaeiinoae oa ei?aeyoe?eieo
ca’yce?a i?ae ieie. O?eueee oaeei oeyoii iiaeia aecia/eoe an? o? noi?iie
oeueiai i?ioeano, ia ye? iaiao?aeii aieeaaoe ia?oi/a?aiai.

1. Aiae?c aeaniiai oa ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo ai?ioueae c ia?eiiai??th
iieaco?, ui ia?eiiai?y — oea i?aeia?iaeia i?iaeaia. A oiiaao
?iciianthaeaeaiiy ? c?inoaiiy ia?eiiai?? a iao?e e?a?i? iaieneeia
ai?ioueaa c iath aac aeei?enoaiiy ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo ai?ioueae c
ia?eiiai??th, canoinoaaiiy iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a. Ia a?aeiia?aeathoue
aeiiaai nueiaiaeaiiy ?acoeueoaoe aca?iiae?? iaoi? e?a?ie c ie?aieie
?iicaiieie e?a?iaie ? c nenoaiith ?ioa?iieo aeey cae?eniaiiy ai?ioueae c
ia?eiiai??th.

2. C iaoith ?ic?iaee oa ?aae?caoe?? iaeaoaeoeai?oeo caoiae?a ai?ioueae c
ia?eiiai??th aei noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino? iaiao?aeii aeeth/eoe iiaee
?icae?e, a yeiio a a?aeaeaaeeny oa?aeoa?i? cei/eie, a/eiai? ia?eiiaiaie
i?ae aieeaii ia?eioe/ieo cania?a.

3. Ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa uiaei ia?eiiai??, uia
aiii aeinoaoiueith i??ith aieeaaei ia iiceoeai? iane?aeee i?aeoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa. Aiaeii/an, aeoiaey/e c
aeioe?eueiino?, iaiao?aeii ?ic?iaeoe oa i?eeiyoe a?aeiia?aeiee
i?aea?aeii/ee ii?iaoeaiee aeo, yeee caaacia/eoue ae??oaiiy ieoaiue
i?aai?caoe?? ea??aieoeoaa i?ioeanii ai?ioueae c ia?eiiai??th.

4. O ?aeiiao iioe?aiiy ia?eiiai??, iin?a?a ii?eiiai iaeo oa aeeei?inei?
eiiiie? iaiao?aeii ia??iaee/ii ai?iaaaeaeoaaoe a?iiaaenueei-ainiiaea?/?
aeoeae, n?euenuee? cai?e, i?enay/ai? i?aai?caoe?? ai?ioueae c
ia?eiiai??th c o/anoth i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a, o oiio /ene? IAN.

5. Iaiao?aeii a?no?y ?nioth/eo i?io?eaeoe/ieo, iia?aoeaii-?icooeiaeo oa
ne?ae/eo caoiae?a ni?yioaaoe ia aeyaeaiiy aeaea?ae oa
?iciianthaeaeoaa/?a ia?eioe/ieo cania?a. O ca’yceo c oei, ui nueiaiaei?
c’yaeythoueny noaa?euei? i?aai?ciaai? cei/eii? oa?oiiaaiiy ii caooo
ia?eioee?a, ye? iathoue i?ae?aa?iiaeuei? ca’ycee, iaiao?aeii
aaeineiiaethaaoe i?ae?aa?iiaeueio ?ioi?iaoe?eio aca?iiae?th iia?aoeaieo
aia?ao?a IAN.

6. Ia no/aniiio aoai? iaoiai nioe?aeueiiai aeeooy ie?aia /anoeia iieiae?
noaea caaino?aii noaaeoeny aei i?iiaaaiaee iaaaoeaieo yaeu, a oiio /ene?
? ia?eiiai??. Ca?aene ? aeooaeuei?noue nai?/aniiai aianaiiy ?noioieo
ei?aeoea aei no?aoaa?? oa oaeoeee aioeia?eioe/ii? ?iaioe c
i?ae?inoath/ei iieie?iiyi. Aaea nueiaiaei? iaiao?aeii i?aeaiooaaoe ?
?aae?coaaoe i?ia?aie ao?eaiiy aioeia?eioe/ii? i?iiaaaiaee na?aae
ianaeaiiy ?aa?ii?a c o?aooaaiiyi ?o iaoe?iiaeueieo oa nioe?aeueieo
iniaeeainoae. Aeey oeueiai o?aaa caeo/eoe i?ia?aeieo oao?aoe?a
e?iaiaoia?aoo, eoeueoo?e, o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo, aeo?iae?no?a,
ineoieia?a, iaiaaeaea??a, a?aeiieo ethaeae oiui.

7. O ?aeiiao ae?iuoaaiiy ii?eiiai iaeo oa c?inoaiiy aeeei? eiiiie?
iaiao?aeii noai?eoe iino?eii ae?th/? niaoe?aeuei? a?oie aeey ?o
aeyaeaiiy oa cieuaiiy, iaeaaeiai? a iaia’yceiaiio ii?yaeeo
niaoe?aeueiith n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeith oaoi?eith oa aa?aoe??th, ?o
?iaioo iiaee a eiio?iethaaoe ioi?oeeiaeueia i?e?oe?y, a oaeiae
iiaeaoeiaa i?e?oe?y ca?aeii ?c caeiiiaeaa/eie aeoaie.

8. O ca’yceo ?c ?iciianthaeaeaiiyi ia?eiiai?? na?aae iaiiaiie?oi?o oa
iieiae? nueiaiaei? iaiao?aeii iineeeoe i?iiaaaiaeo ai?ioueae c
ia?eiiai??th a oeieao, ii/eiath/e c i’yoiai eeano. Ooo caneoaiao? ia
oaaao aeina?ae Iueth-Ei?enueei? aioeia?eioe/ii? oe?eueii? i?ia?aie, aea
ca aeiiiiiaith nee iie?oe?? ? eieeoi?o ia?eiiai?a ?ice?eaa?oueny
ia?cioia nooue ia?eioe/iiai i?eoiio, iniaeno?noue caeiaoaa/a,
iioai?i?noue niiaeeaa/a ia?eioee?a ? oa, ui oey i?eno?anoue aaaea ia
o?eueee aei ii?aeueiiai iaae?iiy, aea e aei o?ce/iiai naiiaoanoaa.

9. C iaoith ia?ae?eooy eaiae?a iacaeiiiiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
ia?eioeeiai?uoth/eo e?e?a iaiao?aeii: aaanoe noai?ee eiio?ieue ca ?o
aeei?enoaiiyi iieioai?eie aaeiia, ca cieuaiiyi aeei?enoaieo aiioe oa
?aoeaio?a ia ia?eioeee, ia??iaee/ii ianoaaeoaaoe aioaee eiie?aoieo
?aa?ii?a aeey aeyaeaiiy aeiaaee?a i?ae?iaee, aeaioiaeaiiy oa caooo
oaeueoeaeo aeieoiaio?a c iaoith i?eaeaaiiy ia?eioee?a, aaeeaaoe
ae/a?iieo caoiae?a uiaei ?o oaoi?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy; ai?iaaaeeoe ia
i?aeoeoe? aeaea/o c aioae ia?eioee?a o?eueee ca ianii?oii; anoaiiaeoe a
e?a?i? ?aeeio nenoaio nienaiiy ia?eioe/ieo cania?a ca o/anoth
iia?aoeaieo i?aoe?aiee?a IAN.

10. C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o
ni?aa ii ai?iouea? c ia?eiiai??th iaiao?aeii ia o?eueee aaeineiiaethaaoe
noeeue oa iaoiaee ?iaioe niaoe?ae?ciaaieo i?ae?icae?e?a a nenoai? IAN,
ui aaciina?aaeiuei cae?eniththoue ai?ioueao c ?iciianthaeaeaiiyi
ia?eiiai??, aea e a ia?oo /a?ao, i?aeaeueoe ?o caaacia/aiiy caniaaie
iia?aoeaii-?icooeiai? ae?yeueiino?. Aeioe?eueii a?aee?eoe
niaoe?ae?ciaaio oeieo i?aeaioiaee niaae aeey ?icooeo ia?eioee?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai ia?eioecio iieacaei, ui oea yaeua ia? cia/i?
iniaeeaino? a nenoai? ?ic?iaee caoiae?a ii ai?iouea? c iioe?aiiyi
ia?eiiai?? na?aae ??cieo aa?noa ianaeaiiy.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Oi?aae?iiy ae?yeuei?noth i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa
uiaei i?aeaioiaee aei ca?eueiaiiy ?aoeeaeea?no?a” ?icaeyaea?oueny
?aaeueia ?iaioa aaei?i?no?aoe?? i?noeue iicaaaeaiiy aie? uiaei
i?aeaioiaee aei ca?eueiaiiy ?aoeeaeea?no?a.

I?aeaioiaeo ?aoeeaeea?no?a aei ca?eueiaiiy iaiao?aeii ?icoi?oe a
oe?ieiio ? aocueeiio cia/aiiyo neiaa. O oe?ieiio cia/aii? — oea eiiieaen
caoiae?a ia?aeiiaiiy ? aei?aaeaiiy, yeee i?iaiaeyoue c ?aoeeaeea?noaie c
ia?oeo aei?a ?o ia?aaoaaiiy a onoaiia? ? aei e?ioey oa?i?io iiea?aiiy.
Oey ?iaioa ia? nai?th iaoith oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? caeiiineooiyiiai
a?iiaaeyieia, i?io?eaeoeeo ?aoeeaeeao cei/ei?a c ?? aieo.

?acii ?c oei i?aeaioiaea aei ca?eueiaiiy o aocueeiio cia/aii? —- oea
niaoe?aeueia ?iaioa, yeo i?iaiaeyoue c a?oiith aai ?iaeea?aeoaeueii c
iaeiei canoaeaeaiei-?aoeeaeea?noii ca aeae?eueea i?nyoe?a aei
ca?eueiaiiy.

Nthaee iiaeia a?aeianoe: iaa/aiiy canoaeaeaieo o oeie? i?aeaioiaee aei
ca?eueiaiiy, iaaeaiiy aeiiiiiae o a?aeiiaeaii? ei?enieo nioe?aeueieo
ca’yce?a, ineoieia?/io i?aeaioiaeo aei aeeooy ia aie? ?aoeeaeea?noa,
ae??oaiiy eiie?aoieo ieoaiue o?oaeiaiai ? iiaooiaiai aeaoooaaiiy i?ney
ca?eueiaiiy. Ca a?n?i i?nyoe?a aei ca?eueiaiiy ?aoeeaeea?noa ia/aeueiee
caaiio, ineoieia, a oaeiae noa?oee ?iniaeoi? c o?oaeiaiai ? iiaooiaiai
aeaoooaaiiy iiaeii? c’ynoaaoe, aea a?i cae?a?oueny aeeoe, ye? a iueiai
ieaie uiaei ?iaioe, noinoie?a c n?i’?th, oiio ui c i?aeoeee a?aeiii, ye
/anoi aeiaiaeeoueny io?eioaaoe iaaaoeai? a?aeiia?ae? c ?A OIAN iaeanoae.
A?aeaaaeaiee /an aeicaiey? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii ae??ooaaoe ieoaiiy
o?oaeiaiai ? iiaooiaiai aeaoooaaiiy.

Aea/aiiy i?e/ei ?aoeeaeeao iieaco?, ui iae/ano?oa ianooiia a/eiaiiy
cei/eio ? iane?aeeii oeo o?oaeiiu?a, ye? cono??/a? ia nai?io oeyoo
?aoeeaeea?no i?ney aeoiaeo ia aieth.

A onoaiiaao i?aeoe/ii an? iiaooia? ? aeeoo?a? ieoaiiy ca canoaeaeaiiai
ae??oo? aaei?i?no?aoe?y. Oeae aeiaaee ca /anii noai caeaaeiino? a?aeo/o?
eiai a?ae ai?ioueae c o?oaeiiuaie, ye? aeieeathoue i?ney ca?eueiaiiy.

Ca?eueiaiiyi canoaeaeaiiai i?aeaiaeeoueny iaaiee i?aenoiie an??? ?iaioe
ni?a?ia?oiee?a onoaiiae c eiai aei?aaeaiiy. Aieiai? coneeey ia/aeueiee?a
caaii?a o ia??iae i?aeaioiaee ?aoeeaeea?noa aei ca?eueiaiiy iiaeii?, ia
iaoo aeoieo, iai?aaeyoeny ia caeo/aiiy in?a, ye? ca?eueiththoueny, aei
/aniiai o?oaeiaiai aeeooy.

C oe??th iaoith iaiao?aeii aaeeaaoe caoiae?a aeey oiai, uia eiaeiee
?aoeeaeea?no nai?/anii io?eiaa niaoe?aeuei?noue, ca yeith ci?a ae
i?aoethaaoe i?ney ca?eueiaiiy. Aeoaea aaaeeeai, uia i?e aeai??
niaoe?aeueiino? a?aoiaoaaeiny noaaeaiiy canoaeaeaiiai aei iaeaooiuei?
i?ioan??, noai eiai caei?ia’y, iiaeeea?noue i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy i?ney
ca?eueiaiiy ca oe??th i?ioan??th a o?e i?noeaaino?, aea a?i aoaea aeeoe.

I?e i?iaaaeaii? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aan?ae c ?aoeeaeea?noaie (anueiai
aeecueei 5 oen.) anoaiiaeaii, ui 9 c 10 ca?eueieeeny c oaa?aeei iai??ii
aanoe /aniee o?oaeiaee niin?a aeeooy, aea iio?aieee a iani?eyoeea? oiiae
? ciiao a/eieee cei/ei. Aiie ia aoee i?aeaioiaeai? aei oeo o?oaeiiu?a,
ye? iiaeooue cono??oeny ia aie?.

Oe? aeai? noaaeyoue ieoaiiy i?i ae?iaeaiiy oe?e?nii? nenoaie caoiae?a
uiaei cae??ieaiiy iane?aee?a aei?aaeaiiy ?aoeeaeea?no?a i?ney ?o aeoiaeo
ia aieth.

I?aeaioiaea aei ca?eueiaiiy i?iaiaeeoueny ia ye?niiio ??ai? aeaeaei ia o
an?o caeeaaeao. Aiaeia?/iee noai ni?aa ? c cae??ieaiiyi iane?aee?a
aei?aaeaiiy canoaeaeaieo. Iaiao?aeii aaeineiiaethaaoe nenoaio i?aai?a c
iaaeyaeo ca iniaaie, ye? ca?eueiththoueny c i?noeue iicaaaeaiiy aie?, a
oaeiae ?nioth/ee ii?yaeie iaaeaiiy iniaai, ye? ca?eueiththoueny,
aeiiiiiae a o?oaeiaiio ? iiaooiaiio aeaoooaaii? oa iiaeaeueoiai
i?iaaaeaiiy aeoiaii? ?iaioe c ieie.

A e?oa?aoo?? cono??/a?oueny a?eueo ea?aeeiaeueia i?iiiceoe?y — iaaeaoe
caaaeueiei caoiaeai nioe?aeueiiai iiia?aaeaeaiiy «niaoe?aeueio
aioee?ei?iiaaiio ni?yiiaai?noue, a ia ?icaeyaeaoe ?o o?eueee a yeino?
iniiae aeey cae?eniaiiy niaoe?aeueiiai iiia?aaeaeaiiy».

Oaea i?iiiceoe?y, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, aaa/a?oueny ia?aaeueiith. Iaa?yae /e
iiaeeeai ciaeoe oeyoe aei oiai, uia aeiiii?/i? oa nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?i?
caoiaee iaee niaoe?aeueio aioee?ei?iiaaiio ni?yiiaai?noue. Oaeee
i?aeo?ae ia?aoai?ea ae iiia?aaeaeaiiy cei/ei?a a aieiaia caaaeaiiy
iaoiai noni?euenoaa. A oea, c i?eioeeiiaeo i??eoaaiue, caai?iiaii.
Caaaeueiinioe?aeuei? caoiaee, ca nai?th noooth, ia?aaeaa/ai? ieaiaie
aeiiii?/iiai oa nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo. Oe? caoiaee iiaeii? noai?thaaoe
ia?aaeoiiae aeey ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aie c i?io?eaeoeee ?aoeeaeeaii?
cei/eiiino? ? cei/eiiino? a oe?eiio, aiie i?aaenoaaeythoue niaith aaco
anueiai iaoiai nioe?aeueiiai aeeooy, ioiiethth/e ai?ioueao c?
cei/eii?noth. O oeueiio ?icoi?ii? caaaeuei? caoiaee i?e ?ic?iaoe?
i?ia?aie iiaeii? a?aoiaoaaoenue i?e aiae?c? oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia
cei/eii?noue. ?acii ?c oei, aiae?c iieaco?, ui ?nio? a?oia
caaaeueiinioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a, ye? ca nai?i oa?aeoa?ii ni?yiiaai?,
ianaiia?aae, ia iiia?aaeaeaiiy cei/eiiino?, aea aiie iiaeooue aieeaaoe ?
ia cei/eii?noue. O e?oa?aoo?? ?o ?iiae? a?aeiinyoue aei niaoe?aeueieo
caoiae?a iiia?aaeaeaiiy cei/ei?a.

Aaoi? ia i?aeo?eio? oe??? iiceoe??, yeui iiaa eaea, iai?eeeaae, i?i
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? caoiaee ai?ioueae c ieyoeoaii,
aacainiiaea?i?noth, ii?ooaiiyie aeenoeeie?ie, «ieeii?noth eaae??a», i?i
?aeaieia?/i? ? eoeueoo?ii-aeoiai? caoiaee, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia onoiaiiy
oe?aeeeaeo o?aaeeoe?e, noa?aioei?a iiaaae?iee, a oaeiae oaeeo yaeu, ye
ia/ani?noue, oi?iae?ci, aaeaeoaea noaaeaiiy aei a?iiaaenueeeo ?ioa?an?a;
i?i nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/i? caoiaee, ui iiia?aaeaeothoue aeieeiaiiy
aeaiia?ao?/ieo aeeni?iii?oe?e, ?iciaae n?iae; aeieeiaiiy
aacaeiaeyaeiino? oa ?io?, i?i oaoi?/i? caoiaee aeey onoiaiiy ianoaaei,
ui ni?eythoue i?iieneiaiio o?aaiaoecio, aaa??yi ia o?ainii?o?,
iie?ioaiith ina?oeaiiy a?iiaaenueeeo i?noeue.

Oaeiai ?iaeo caoiaee iiaeooue aooe a?aeia?aaeai? a i?ia?ai? o?eueee
?acii c? niaoe?aeueieie caoiaeaie, eiee aiie ieaiothoueny, iai?eeeaae,
aeey iiia?aaeaeaiiy iia’ycaieo c? cei/eii?noth ?ioeo nioe?aeueieo
a?aeoeeaiue.

Aeiyoeii, ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, iiaeii? aooe eeoa oae? caoiaee
caaaeueiiiiia?aaeaeoaaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia ci?oeiaiiy
caeiiiino?, caoeno i?aa ? caeiiieo ?ioa?an?a a?iiaaeyi. Oaeee i?aeo?ae
iiynith?oueny oei, ui ieoaiiy caeiiiino?, iaa?oue yeui aiie
aaciina?aaeiuei ia iia’ycai? c? niaoe?aeueiei iiia?aaeaeaiiyi cei/ei?a,
nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia ii?yaeie oa oiiae canoinoaaiiy caaaeueieo
caoiae?a nioe?aeueiiai iiia?aaeaeaiiy, aaaaeathoueny oi?iith ?o
?aae?caoe?? a aeeoo?. E??i oiai, aoei a aaaeei a?aeie?aieoe aieea
caaaeueiinioe?aeueieo caoiae?a ia caaacia/aiiy caeiiiino? a noni?euenoa?
? ia noai cei/eiiino?. Ioaea, o?eueee ia iniia? aiae?co i?e/ei ii?ooaiiy
caeiiiino? o?aaa ?icaeyaeaoe aeaye? caoiaee caaaeueiinioe?aeueiiai
oa?aeoa?o.

Nueiaiaei? na?aae i?e/ei ii?ooaiue caeiiiino? ie a ciic? iacaaoe oae?:
cia/ia /anoeia ianaeaiiy ia aaaaea? caeii ? i?aaiii?yaeie aeuith
ii?aeueiith eaoaai???th, yeo iaiiaeeeai ii?ooeoe, aaaaoi ooi c
?ia?oiee?a i?aai?a e?ei?iaeueii? thnoeoe?? ia? iecueeee ii?aeueiee
??aaiue, i?aoeth? a oiiaao a?aeii/i? caieiaiino? oa ath?ie?aoecio;
i?aaie ?aaeueii? aeaaee, iai?eeeaae, i?aaie ainiiaea?/iai oi?aae?iiy, ca
nai?i iieiaeaiiyi iaeaea anthaee noaaeyoue naaa iaae caeiiii,
iacaeaaei?noue i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a a oeeo oiiaao /anoi
ia?aoai?th?oueny a o?eoe?th: cia/ia e?euee?noue in?a, ye? a/eieee
cei/eie a ?acoeueoao? ??cieo oi?i aieeao ia ne?ae/? oa noaeia? i?aaie —
a?ae oeneo caa?oo aei oaaa??a — ooeeythoueny a?ae e?ei?iaeueii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?; i?i?noa?noaa oa a?aeiinoaa i?enai?ee nia? i?aai
oeoia/aiiy caeii?a oeyoii aeaeaiiy ??ciiai ?iaeo ?ino?oeoe?e oa
aeac?aie, ye? /anoi ia?ae?o/othoue nooi?noue ? ni?yiiaai?noue
caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a, ianaeaiiy ia caoeuaia a?ae a?aeii/iai naaa?eey
(iai?eeeaae, a?ae nenoaiaoe/iiai, ye i?aaeei, ia?ic’yniaiiai ?
iaiaieioaiiai i?aeaeuaiiy oe?i ia oiaa?e oa iineoae, a oaeiae a?ae
i?aaee, ui i?iaeeeoiaai? iiaaae?ieith a?iiaaeyi, aea?aeiith aeey
?ia?oiee?a aaeoc? aai a?aeiinoaa), aaaaoi caeii?a ia i?noyoue ?aaeueieo
aa?aio?e ?o aeeiiaiiy, ia??aeei a?aenooi?e iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe?? aeac?aie
caeiio: i?aeaioiaea caeiiii?iaeo?a ia caaaeaee i?iaiaeeoueny a?aee?eoi,
ia aeaiie?aoe/ieo i?eioeeiao, ?c caeo/aiiyi oai?/eo ni?eie,
a?iiaaenueeino? oa a/aieo; ae??oaeueio ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue i?i?noa?noaa,
aocuee? a?aeii/? ?ioa?ane yeeo ia??aeei aeaeathoueny ca
caaaeueiiethaenuee? ?ioa?ane.

I/aaeaeii, eiaeia c ie?aneaieo i?e/ei ii?ooaiiy caeiiiino? iio?aao?
i?eeiyooy eiie?aoieo caoiae?a.

Naia oiio ia ia?oee ieai o?aaa iinoaaeoe i?aaiaa ? a oe?eiio ii?aeueia
aeoiaaiiy, yeiio a iao?e e?a?i? ia iaaeaaaeinue ? ca?ac ia
i?eae?ey?oueny o??? aaeeei? oaaae, yei? aiii caneoaiao?. I?aaiaa
aeoiaaiiy, ii?aeuei?noue, ye a?aeiii, i?noyoue nenoaio aoe/ieo
eaoaai??e, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue na?aeii?noue ethaeeie, ?? ii?aeuei?
yeino?: eaoaai??? iaia’yceo /ano?, a?aeiino? ? o.ae.; aeoiaaiiy oeeo
yeinoae ni?ey? caeiiineooiyi?e iiaaae?ioe?. Nooue ieoaiiy neeaaea?oueny
c oiai, uia a?iiaaeyiei oa eiaeia iinaaeiaa iniaa aoee aeoiaai? a aeon?
iiaaae aei caeiio oa iaiiaeeeaino? eiai ii?ooaiiy.

Inoaii?i /anii IAN i?iaiaeyoue ?iaioo, iia’ycaio c ieaioaaiiyi
ae?yeueiino? i?e?oe??, i?iaiicoaaiiyie cei/eiiino?. Iaaiai?ththoueny ia
noi??ieao niaoe?aeueieo aeo?iae?a ieoaiiy uiaei i?iaiicoaaiiy
cei/eiiino?, i?iaiaeyoueny eiioa?aioe?? ca a?aeiia?aeiith oaiaoeeith.
I?e oeueiio iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny oiio, ui aaaeeeao ?ieue a
aeine?aeaeaii? i?e/ei oa oiia cei/eiiino? i?aoe?aieeaie i?e?oe??
a?ae?a?a? aecia/aiiy ineoieia?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee eiaeii? iniae, yea
aaaea aioea?iiaaenueeee niin?a aeeooy, — ?? ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai oa
ii?aeueiiai ??aiy, i?aaina?aeiiino?, iioea?a iiaaae?iee a ieioeiio,
oaia??oiueiio ? iaeaooiueiio.

O i?ioean? i?aai?caoe?? i?io?eaeoe/ii? ?iaioe ? ia?aaeaa/aiiy iiaaae?iee
ie?aieo in?a, i?e aeai?? ia’?eo?a ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?iaiicoaaiiy ne?ae
aeoiaeeoe c oiai, ui cei/eie iiaeooue nei?oe, ia?aaeon?i, o? iniae, ye?
aaaeooue aioea?iiaaenueeee, aii?aeueiee niin?a aeeooy.

Ia an? noa’?eoe iiia?aaeaeoaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? aa?ooue o/anoue o
cae?eniaii? aoaeue-yeiai ?? iai?yieo, aeaeo, ooieoe?iiothoue ia onye?e
?? ae?eyioe?. Iiaeia ? o?aaa aanoe iiao i?i eiie?aoi? noa’?eoe i?e
i?iaaaeaii? ??cieo iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo caoiae?a. Aeeiiaiiy icia/aieie
noa’?eoaie iiia?aaeaeoaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? iaeaaeeoue aei noa?e
nioe?aeueiiai eiio?ieth ca iniaaie, a?ae yeeo iiaeia i/?eoaaoe
i?aaiii?ooaiue ? iaa?oue cei/ei?a. Oi?ie nioe?aeueiiai eiio?ieth
??ciiiai?oi? ? aea?? a?eueo aeioe?eueii? oi?ie aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue
a?ae oiai, ia eiai aiia aoaea ni?yiiaaia.

Aaaeeeaa i?noea a no?aoaa?? ai?ioueae c? cei/eii?noth caeiathoue
i?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee, ye? oi/a i?yii ? ia iaoe?eai? ia ai?ioueao c?
cei/eii?noth, aea aeeiiothoue aaaeeeao ?ieue caaacia/aiiy iaea?eueo
?aoe?iiaeueiiai canoinoaaiiy niaoe?aeueieo caoiae?a nioe?aeueiiai
iiia?aaeaeaiiy.

I?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee oi?iothoue oe?e? ? caaaeaiiy, aecia/athoue ono??e
i?aai?a e?ei?iaeueii? thnoeoe??, ?o no?oeoo?o, aca?iia?aeiineie i?ae
niaith ? aca?iiae?th, ui iaoiiaeth? oaeei /eiii aieea ia aoaeoeai?noue
?o ae?yeueiino?.

Aiae?c ooieoe?e i?aai?a e?ei?iaeueii? thnoeoe??, ye? cae?eniththoue
niaoe?aeuei? caoiaee nioe?aeueiiai iiia?aaeaeaiiy, iieaco?, ui aiie ca
nai?i ci?noii i?ecia/ai?, aieiaiei /eiii, aeey ai?ioueae c? cei/eiaie,
ye? aaea nei?ii. Eiaeiee i?aai e?ei?iaeueii? thnoeoe?? aeeiio? aecia/aio
caeiiii ooieoe?th.

Iaia’ycie aea iiia?aaeaeaiiy cei/eio, ii noo?, iieeaaeaii ia an? i?aaie
e?ei?iaeueii? thnoeoe??, ye? ?icoe?iththoue eiai ye aeiaeaoeiaee ?
ae?oai?yaeiee. Oea iiynith?oueny aaeeeei iaaaioaaeaiiyi ni?aaaie uiaei
aeeiiaiiy iniiaii? ooieoe?? eiaeiei i?aaiii e?ei?iaeueii? thnoeoe??.
E??i oiai, ? oae? aniaeoe iiia?aaeaeaiiy cei/ei?a, ye, iai?eeeaae, ?aiiy
i?io?eaeoeea, ?iaioa c iniaaie, ye? canoaeaeai? oiiaii aai a?aeaoaathoue
iiea?aiiy aac iicaaaeaiiy aie?, caaacia/aiiy nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??
in?a, ye? a?aeaoee iiea?aiiy o aeaeyae? iicaaaeaiiy aie?, yeeie oaeoe/ii
na?eicii i?ooi ia caeia?oueny.

Ana oea aea? i?aenoaae noaaeoe ieoaiiy i?i aeae?eaiiy ooieoe?e
iiia?aaeaeaiiy cei/ei?a a naiino?eio aaeocue oa i?i ?? i?aai?caoe?eia
caaacia/aiiy. Oey ooieoe?y eiiieaenia ? ca?aa?oueny c ?ioeie ooieoe?yie.

Ca nai?i ci?noii aiia iiaea ? iiaeiia cae?enithaaoenue iaeii/anii
??cieie i?aaiaie e?ei?iaeueii? thnoeoe?? i?e iayaiino? niaoe?aeueiiai
i?aaio, yeee ae??oo? ?? iniiai? caaaeaiiy ? eii?aeeio? a oeueiio
iai?yieo ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a e?ei?iaeueii? thnoeoe??.

Oaeei /eiii, i?eoiaeeii aei aeniiaeo i?i oa, ui a ia?niaeoea? ooieoe??
ii aeeiiaiith niaoe?aeueieo caoiae?a niaoe?aeueiiai iiia?aaeaeaiiy
cei/eiiino? (ca aeiyoeii iaei??? — i?io?eaeoe/ii?) iio?aaothoue
oiniaeaiiy ? iioe?aiiy a ??cieo a?aeiinoaao ? i?aai?caoe?yo, a naia:

— ne?ae/a — o naiino?eiiio ne?ae/iio eii?oao?;

— iia?aoeaii-?icooeiaa ? ae?ciaiiy — a i?aaiao IAN;

— aei?aaii-o?oaeiaa (e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/a, iai?oaioe?a?ia) — a
ie?aiiio Aeaia?oaiaio? oa eiai i?ae?icae?eao (c iaia’yceiaei ia?ao?aeiei
ia??iaeii — ieaiiai);

— aaeaieaonueea — o eieaa?yo aaeaieao?a, ye? aoiaeyoue aei noni?eueii?
naiioi?aaeyth/i? i?aai?caoe?? (Ni?eea aaeaieao?a Oe?a?ie);

— e?ei?iieia?/ii? i?io?eaeoeee — o ?aaeao ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a ? i?aaiao
e?ei?iaeueii? thnoeoe?? ca i?io?eai ae?yeueiino?;

— i?ieo?i?nueea — a i?aaiao i?ieo?aoo?e.

Ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a i?e?oe??, ne?ae/eo, i?ieo?i??a ? noaeae?a ii
ai?iouea? c oaea nei?ieie cei/eiaie ?aaeaiaioiaaia caeiiiaeaanoaii, a
yeiio aecia/ai? ?o eiiiaoaioe?y, i?aaa ? iaia’ycee, a oaeiae a?aeiineie
a e?ei?iaeueiiio noaei/einoa?. Eiaeiee i?aai c e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae
ciaia’ycaiee ae?yoe a iaaeao, ye? aecia/ai? aeey iueiai caeiiii.

Aeoaea aaaeeeaa ?ieue o iiia?aaeaeaii? ?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino? ?
i?io?eaeoeoe? i?aaiii?ooaiue o oe?eiio, a ieoaiiyo aca?iiae?? an?o
no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a uiaei ?iaioe, yea i?iaiaeeoueny, iaeaaeeoue
e?ei?iaeuei?e noaoenoeoe? ? i?aeoe/iei ?ia?oieeai. Ia ? oa?iieoeath, ui
iath aeoaea /anoi iai?ioeththoue ? ia iaeeie/ieie ? aeiaaeee
i?eoiaoaaiiy cei/ei?a.

O noaoenoeoe? canoiniaothoue aeineoue oe?iea eiei ??cieo i?eeii?a ?
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a.

Aeey aea/aiiy iaoa??ae?a e?ei?iaeueii? noaoenoeee, cae/aeii,
canoiniaothoue oae? iaoiaee, ye ocaaaeueithth/? iieacieee (a?aeiini? ?
na?aaei?), ?yaee ?iciiae?eaiiy (aa??aoe?ei?, aeeiai?/i?, ia?aeaeuei?),
ae?oai?yaei? a?oioaaiiy. Aaeeeo i?ciaaaeueio oe?ii?noue ? iai/i?noue
aeathoue a?ao?/i? cia?aaeaiiy iieaciee?a noaoenoeee.

Noaoenoe/iee aiae?c aeaieo e?ei?iaeueii? noaoenoeee o?aaa ii/eiaoe c
aea/aiiy aaniethoieo iieaciee?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ? a?aeia?aaeathoue
ianya, ??aaiue cei/eiiino? oa ae?yeueiino? i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a. Oiai,
ooi caeia?oueny aea/aiiyi oeeo ieoaiue, iiaeiii oe?eaaeoe, ianaiia?aae,
ne?eueee anueiai nei?ii (ca?a?no?iaaii) i?ioyaii iaaiiai ia??iaeo
cei/ei?a ? ie?aii ca aeaeaie (e?aae?aeee, iia?aaoaaiiy, ooe?aainoai,
aaeanoai oiui). Ne?eueee in?a canoaeaeaii anueiai ? ca ie?ai? aeaee
cei/ei?a, ne?eueee ni?aa ciaoiaeeoueny ia noaae?? i?iaaaeaeaiiy o
ne?ae/eo, noaeae?a, ne?eueee ae?ie?a ? ??oaiue noaeo a?aei?iaii, ci?iaii
oiui.

Aaniethoi? iieacieee ? aeoaea aaaeeeaeie aeey iienoaaiiy yaeua, yea
aea/a?oueny, aeey oyaeaiiy i?i ianya ?iaioe, i?i ??aaiue cei/eiiino?,
canoaeaeaiino?. Aea aeoaea /anoi, i?eaoaath/e ia i?noey c ia?aa??eith
ae?yeueiino? i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a, cai?ioothoueny ia?aa??yth/eie oae?
oeeo?ia? aeai?, ui i?ney ?o a?ae’?caeo i?ioan?iiaee «iiio?ththoue»
aieiae o?eaaeee /an — eiio iio??aia oaea noaoenoeea ? aeey /iai.
A?eueo?noue i?aeoe/ieo oa ? iaoeiaeo i?aoe?aiee?a iai’yoathoue, ye ca
iieacieee ?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino? ?aaoey?ii ca?ooaaee ea??aieee eieii?e
? ui??/ii c AI?OeO? IAN N?N? iaaeoiaeeee oi?ie ca?oiino? ia in?a, ye?
nei?ee iiaoi?i? cei/eie.

Aiae?coth/e ae?yeuei?noue noae?a, ni?yiiaaio ia ai?ioueao c ieyoeoaii ?
aeeiaie?ciii, ii?yae c aeaieie i?i canoaeaeaieo, ye? nei?ee cei/eie a
noai? ni’yi?iiy, ne?ae aiae?coaaoe aeai? i?i i?eoyaiooeo aei
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ceiaaeeaaiiy aeeiaieai, ca
iacaeiiia caa??aaiiy naiiaiiieo aia?ao?a ? aeai? i?i ?iaioo noae?a ii
ai?iouea? c ieyoeoaii ? aeeiaie?ciii.

I?e aiae?c? aeaieo i?i ai?ioueao c ?aoeeaeeaii aaaeeeai a?aooaaoe
a?aeiiino? i?i i?eoyaiooeo aei aaei?i?no?aoeaii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca
ii?ooaiiy i?aaee aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai iaaeyaeo.

Oaeei /eiii, aoaeoeai?noue iiia?aaeaeoaaeueii? ?iaioe c ?ai?oa
canoaeaeaieie caeaaeeoue a?ae ai?ei? aca?iiae?? an?o i?aaiioi?iiieo
neoaea; /a?aiaeo /anoei, iaaeaeoaa?aciee?a, iao?oeueii-iinoiaeo oa
?ioeo. Aieiaiith ae iniaith a i?aai?caoe?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
i?io?eaeoeee ca i?noeai i?iaeeaaiiy oa i?aoe?, ye ? ?ai?oa,
caeeoa?oueny, ianaiia?aae, ae?eueie/iee ?iniaeoi?:

– a?ae eiai i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino?, i?aaiai? eoeueoo?e, aeeiiaa/i?
aeenoeeie?ie, a?ae eiai ai?iiy iaeaaiaeeoe aca?iia?aeiineie c o?oaeiaeie
eieaeoeaaie ? a?iiaaenuee?noth aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue oni?o.

Iaeiae, aeciath/e ae?eueie/iiai ?iniaeoi?a aieiaiith o?ao?ith
i?io?eaeoeee i?aaiii?ooaiue ia nai?e ae?eueieoe?, a oiio /ene? c ?ai?oa
canoaeaeaieie, ie ia a ciic?, ye oea ?ieiee o?aiey?oueny, a?aeaeaaaoe
oeth a?aeiia?aeaeueio ?iaioo o?eueee ia eiai ?icnoae, naia oiio, ye ia
iaoo aeoieo, iaiao?aeii ea??aieeai i?nuee?aei?aai?a ? ia/aeueieeai
i?ae?icae?e?a e?ei?iaeueiiai ?icooeo iianyeaeaiii a?aoe o/anoue o
iiia?aaeaeaii? ?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino?, eiio?iethth/e ae?? i?aeeaaeeo,
aeiiiiaaath/e ?i a eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo ei?enooaaoeny a?eueo
aoaeoeaieie caoiaeaie.

?icae?e i’yoee “Oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueiith aaeaioaoe??th ?aoeeaeea?no?a”
i?enay/aiee i?iaeaiai aea/aiiy aaeaioaoe?? ?aoeeaeea?no?a, i?io?eaeoeee
cei/eiiino?.

O e?ei?iieia?? iaeiei ?c e?eoa???a aeae?eaiiy ie?aieo aeae?a cei/eiiino?
? a?e cei/eioe?a. Aea oeae e?eoa??e ua aeei?enoiao?oueny iaaeinoaoiuei —
o a?aeiia?aeiino? c iei o?aaeeoe?eii aeae?ey?oueny cei/eii?noue
iaiiaiie?oi?o, inoaii?i /anii — cei/eii?noue iieiae?, ye iaea?eueo
aaaiia ? eiiieaenia i?iaeaia, yea ia’?aeio? a nia? cei/eii?noue ye
iaiiaiie?oi?o, oae ? iieiae?. O aeayeeo i?aoeyo naiino?eii
?icaeyaea?oueny cei/eii?noue iieiae?, i?ae ?ioei, ?niothoue aeaye?
a?eia? eaoaai???, ye? iio?aaothoue ieeueii? e?ei?iieia?/ii? oaaae: iniae
na?aaeiueiai ? iioeeiai a?eo, cei/eii?noue yeeo ia noaea ia’?eoii
??oioiaiiai, anaa?/iiai ?, aieiaiei /eiii, naiino?eiiai aea/aiiy.

Aaoi? ?icaeyaea? iaoeia? i?iaeaie inoaiiuei? a?eiai? a?oie ye iaeiaio
aeine?aeaeai? oa iaea?eueo niaoeeo?/i? ? i?iiiio? ia’?aeiaoe ?o i?ae
iacaith «e?ei?iaeueia aa?iioieia?y». Aa?iioieia?y, ye a?aeiii,
eiiieaenia iaoea, aea/a? yaeua noa??iiy aeeaeo i?aai?ci?a, a oiio /ene?
? ethaeeie. Ioaea, e?ei?iaeueia aa?iioieia?y ia? oaeee iai?yiie o
e?ei?iieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, yeee caeia?oueny aea/aiiyi cei/eiiino?
ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo. Aiia, ia iao iiaeyae, iiaeiia aeeth/aoe aei naiai
neeaaeo oai?aoe/iee aiae?c noaio, aeeiai?ee, no?oeoo?e ? i?e/ei
cei/eiiino? ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo, iacae/aei?noue ?o iniae, i?e/eie ?
iaoai?ci ?o cei/eiii? iiaaae?iee ? ?ic?iaeo ieoaiue iiia?aaeaeoaaiiy
oaei? iiaaae?iee. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oeeo i?iaeai ? aeoaea aeooaeueiei o
no/anieo oiiaao aeaiie?aoecaoe?? iaoiai noni?euenoaa ? aoiai?caoe?? an?o
aaeocae noni?eueiiai aeeooy, eiee ni?a/ooeeaa, oaaaeia, ieeina?aeia
noaaeaiiy aei ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo, ye? ii?ooeee e?ei?iaeueiee caeii,
noa? aacoiiaiith iaiao?aei?noth.

Aeineoue oe?eaao ea?oeio yaey? niaith ?aoeeaeea cei/ei?a na?aae ethaeae
iioeeiai a?eo. Acaaae?, ca?aeii c aea??eiaeie aeaieie, ye? ie ia?ii,
/anoea ?aoeeaeea?no?a oaeiai a?eo cia/ii iaioa, i?ae a ?io?e a?eia?e
a?oi?. Iaeiae, na?aae in?a iioeeiai a?eo cia/ia /anoea aaaaoi?aciai
canoaeaeaieo: eiaeai o?ao?e ?c /enea oeo, ooi ia? aeaa’youe ? a?eueoa
noaeeiinoae, — noa?oee ca 50 ?ie?a. ?c c?inoaiiyi e?eueeino? noaeeiinoae
na?aae ieo iino?eii c?inoa? aaaa oeo, ooi ia? a?aeiia?aeia /enei
noaeeiinoae. Aaaaoi?aciai canoaeaeaieo ?aoeeaeea?no?a na?aae ae?iie
aeaui a?eueoa, i?ae na?aae /ieia?e?a. Aeoaea /anoi cono??/athoueny
?aoeeaeea?noe na?aae in?a, ye? iino?eii caeiathoueny a?iaeyaeieoeoaii.
Aaaaoi ooi c ieo i?eoyao?oueny aei a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca cae?eniaiiy
ae??aieo e?aae?aeie. O?aaa neacaoe, ui nei?iiy cei/ei?a oeeie iniaaie
neeaaea? iaa?ae’?iio, i?aai?/io /anoeio ?o niiniao aeeooy, aeania
eaaeo/e, ?o e?ei?iaeueii-ea?aia, aacaeiiia ia?aceoe/ia ?nioaaiiy ? ? ?o
niin?a aeeooy. Cae?eniaiiy iaeiiaeo cei/ei?a yaey? niaith niin?a
i?aeo?eiee oaeiai ?nioaaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, aeacaaeaioiaaia iiaaae?iea aiane?aeie aeeeth/aiino? c
ii?iaeueieo ca’yce?a ? a?aeiinei, iino?eii? o/ano? o i?aoe? ? oeiyiiy c
i?noey ia i?noea ? oa?aeoa?iith ?enith cei/eioe?a-?aoeeaeea?no?a
iioeeiai a?eo. Aea/aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ?noi??e iiae?aieo in?a
iieaco?, ui oaea iiaaae?iea aeey ieo cian?i ia aeiaaeeiaa ? ?? aeaea?aea
o?aaa ooeaoe a ?o ?aiiueiio aeeoeinoa?. Ni?aaa a oiio, ui an? aac
aeiyoeo oae? i?aaiii?ooieee a aeeoeinoa? aeoiaoaaeenue o iaaeaaiiieo/ieo
n?i’yo, iaaeaaiiieo//y yeeo ae?aaeaeiny a oiio, ui aiie ia iaee
aiioe?eiiai eiioaeoo c aaoueeaie, aiie ineoieia?/ii, a ?iiae? ? o?ce/ii,
aoee «aeooiaoioo?» ?c nai?? ?iaeeie. Ine?eueee aiie ia aoee iaaiei /eiii
nioe?ae?ciaai? a aaouee?anuee?e ?iaeei?, oea aecia/eei ?o
aeacaaeaioaoe?th, a iaaeae?, ? iai?enoiniaai?noue aei i?iaeeaaiiy o
aeani?e n?i’?, iaiino?ei?noue ?iaioe a eieaeoea?, i?aeo?eiaiiy ae?oaei?o
ca’yce?a ? o. ?i. Ii/eia?oueny nenoaiaoe/ia a?iaeyaeieoeoai, aacaeiiia,
aioenoni?eueia ?nioaaiiy, iano?eiii caoaeothoueny ? iaa?oue iiai?noth
ii?ooothoueny noni?eueii ei?eni? ca’ycee, ui aeoaea iii?oii a iioeeiio
a?oe?, eiee iaa?? nioe?aeueieo ?ieae ? noaoon?a o oaeeo in?a noa?
iaaecae/aeii aaiaei. ?o nioe?aeueia caanaiiy aeoaea /anoi aeia?aaeaea?
o?ce/ia.

Neacaia aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ii/aoeia? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy iniaenoino?
cei/eioey iioeeiai a?eo. ? aiii aeyaey?oueny iaiao?aeiith oiiaith
aea/aiiy cei/eiiino? ethaeae oeueiai a?eo ? c’ynoaaiiy i?e/eie ?o
cei/eiii? iiaaae?iee. Inoaii? aa/eoueny a oiio, ui iiae?aia iiaaae?iea
ia iiaea aooe aaeaeaaoii ?ice?eoa eeoa ia iniia? eiinoaooaaiiy oeo /e
?ioeo iniaeeainoae ?o iniae, cao?eniaaieo ia iiiaio aea/aiiy. Oa, ui
anoaiiaeth?oueny aeine?aeaeaiiyi ia aeaiiio /aniaiio o?aaiaio? aeeooy
iioeei? ethaeeie, ia ? uinue oaea, ui i?ye ia iia’ycaia c eiai
iiia?aaei?i aeeooyi, a oiio /ene? aeeoeinoaii ? thi?noth oa iiaeaeueoeo
aoaiao, ui iaiaaaeinue iieacaoe ia i?eeeaae? aeacaaeaioiaaieo
i?aaiii?ooiee?a. E?ei?iieia?/iee aiae?c, oiaoi aeoeaio ia aea/aiiy
anueiai aeeoo?aiai oeyoo iniae a iaii?ooi?e ?aeiino? ?c nioe?aeueieie
oiiaaie ?? oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo, noa? iaa?ae’?iiith ia?aaeoiiaith
oni?oo i?ciaiiy i?e/ei e?ei?iaeueii-ea?aii? iiaaae?iee.

Aa?iioiineo?ao?e/iee aiae?c noaio cei/eioe?a iioeeiai a?eo aeicaiey?
c?iaeoe aeaye? aeniiaee:

1) cia/io iano na?aae ieo noaiiaeyoue iniae c ineo?/ieie (a iaaeao
inoaeiino?) ?iceaaeaie;

2) iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeaieie aiiiae?yie na?aae oe??? eaoaai???
cei/eioe?a aaaaea?oueny aeeiaie?ci, /anoeia? i?iyae iane?aee?a
/a?aiii-iiceiaeo o?aai oa ii?ooaiiy noaeeiiiai aaiaco;

3) ?nio? iiaeeea?noue anoaiiaeoe aeaye? ei?aeyoe?? i?ae ??ciiaeaeii
cei/eiii? iiaaae?iee ? oa?aeoa?ii ineo?/ii? aiiiae??.

Ioaea, ianeeueieoeuee? cei/eie iae/ano?oa cae?eniththoue i?aaiii?ooieee
c iniaenoeie ii?ooaiiyie ineo?/iiai oa?aeoa?o. An? oe? ianoaaeie
aaaaeathoueny iaea?eueo nooo?aeie uiaei oa?aeoa?enoeee oe??? a?oie
cei/eioe?a.

Iaa?ae’?iiith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith e?ei?iaeueii? aa?iioieia?? ye
naiino?eiiai iai?yieo e?ei?iaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? ae?iaeaiiy caoiae?a
uiaei caiia?aaiiy cei/eiii? iiaaae?iee in?a iioeeiai a?eo. Iniiaith
a?aeiia?aeii? ae?yeueiino? aaaaea?oueny ae??oaiiy aaeeeeo nioe?aeueieo
i?iaeai, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aeeooy ethaeeie, ?icoe?aiiy ?
caaaa/aiiy noa?e ? yeino? iaaeaii? ?i aeiiiiiae oa iineoa, i?aeaeuaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai ??aiy aeeooy, aeaiie?aoecaoe??. Caiia?aaiiy cei/eiai c
aieo aeacaieo in?a, a?aoiaoth/e ?o a?e, noiooi? ?i niiaoe/i? oa ineo?/i?
ii?ooaiiy, aeanioe?aeuei?noue, a?ae/oaeaiiy aeayeeo c ieo, iiaeiii aooe
i?ieiyoa ?aea?th aoiai?cio.

Cei/eioeyi noa?oiai a?eo, ye? a?aeaoaathoue iiea?aiiy a i?noeyo
iicaaaeaiiy aie?, o?aaa iaaeaaaoe iaaee/io aeiiiiiao, a oaeiae
caaacia/oaaoe iineeueiith i?aoeath, a?aeiia?aeii aei ?o a?eo, caei?ia’y,
eaae?o?eaoe??, ?ioa?an?a. Iaiao?aeii noeioethaaoe ?o o/anoue o ?iaio?
naiiae?yeueieo i?aai?caoe?e canoaeaeaieo, aaeeaaoe caoiae?a uiaei
caa?aaeaiiy aai iiiiaeaiiy ?iaeeiieo ca’yce?a, ca’yce?a c o?oaeiaei
eieaeoeaii aeey oiai, uia ?anioe?ae?caoe?y oeeo in?a i?ney iiaa?iaiiy
aoea oni?oiith. Inoaii?, ye na?ae/eoue aeina?ae ? /eneaii?
e?ei?iieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia? aeey ieo iniaeeaa naiino?eia
cia/aiiy, oiio ui aaaaoi c ieo i?ney iiaa?iaiiy ia aieth ii/eiathoue
(aai i?iaeiaaeothoue) aanoe aaci?eooeueia ?nioaaiiy.

E??i icia/aiiai, aeoaea aaaeeeai, uia eiaeiee ca?eueiaiee iaa i?e nia?
iaiao?aei? aeieoiaioe, iai?eeeaae, aeey io?eiaiiy iain??, anooio aei
aoaeeieo ?iaae?ae?a oa i?anoa??eeo oiui. Aaaeaii iioo?aoaaoenue i?i
iiia?aaeith aeiiiaeai?noue c ?iaee/aie, yeui ca?eueiaiee ciiaea aeeoe c
ieie. O aeayeeo aeiaaeeao, i?e i?aoeacaeaoiino?, aeiiiaeai?noue iiaea
aooe ioi?ieaiith ? c aaei?i?no?aoe??th i?aei?e?inoa ? onoaiia.

I?iaeaie e?ei?iaeueii? aa?iioieia?? aeinoaoiuei ??ciiiai?oi? ? neeaaei?.
Aiie iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoeo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, ai?iaoaaiue ?o
?acoeueoao?a ia i?aeoeoe?. Oea – aaaeeeaa nioe?aeueia caaaeaiiy, ? aiii
iiaeiii ae??ooaaoenue an?ia iiaeeeaeie caniaaie, ye? ia? iaoa
noni?euenoai.

Ca?eueiaieo, a yeeo i?ioean aaeaioaoe?? aei oiia aeeooy ia aie?
a?aeaoaa?oueny iani?eyoeeai, iiaeia iiae?eeoe a caeaaeiino? a?ae ??aiy
nioe?aeueii? a?ae/oaeaiino? a?ae ii?iaeueiiai na?aaeiaeua ia aeae?eueea
eaoaai??e:

— iniae c ii?ooaieie nioe?aeueieie ca’yceaie;

— iniae c ao?a/aieie nioe?aeueieie ca’yceaie ? ye? oaeoe/ii
ciaoiaeyoueny iica noa?ith iiceoeaiiai aieeao nioe?aeueiiai na?aaeiaeua;

— iniae c iineaaeaieie nioe?aeueieie ca’yceaie.

Iniiaio eaoaai??th ca?eueiaieo, o yeeo ao?a/ai? nioe?aeuei? ca’ycee,
neeaaeathoue iniae, ye? ia iathoue iaaiiai i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy ? caiyooy,
aeoaea aaaaoi c ieo caeiathoueny a?iaeyaeieoeoaii.

Oe? iniae ooai?ththoue iaea?eueo ?aoeeaeeaii-iaaacia/io eaoaai??th
ca?eueiaieo.

Aieaooaaiiy iaie i?aoi?e oeny/? in?a, ye? nei?ee cei/eie i?ioyaii
ia?oiai ?ieo i?ney ca?eueiaiiy, iieacaei, ui 68% ?c ieo iaea?aeoaaee
a?aeiiao i?e i?eeii? ia ?iaioo, i?e/iio o?aoy /anoeia — ia iaio aeaio
?ac ? eiaeiee ainueiee — iiiaae o?noue ?ac?a.

O aacaeo?aeiiio iieiaeaii? ia nueiaiaei? i?ney a?aeaoooy iiea?aiiy
iieiy?oueny cia/ia /anoeia ?iaae?ae?a oa ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo. Inoaii?i
/anii a onoaiiaao e?a?ie oo?eio?oueny aeinoaoiuei aaeeea e?euee?noue
?iaae?ae?a oa ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo.

C?inoaiiy ?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino? ? oneeaaeiaiiy iiaooiaiai oa
o?oaeiaiai aeaoooaaiiy in?a, ui a?aeaoee iiea?aiiy, aeeeeeathoue
iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo iiaeo oi?i, ae??oaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie, ye ia iaoo
aeoieo, iaeiei c iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a ? oeaio?e
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? aeey in?a, ca?eueiaieo c i?noeue iicaaaeaiiy
aie?, ye? ao?aoeee ?iaeeii? ca’ycee oa i?aai ia aeeoei.

Iai?oaioe?a?ia nenoaia — oea aeineoue neeaaeiee «i?aai?ci» ?
caia?a/oaaoe aai ia a?aoiaoaaoe oeueiai icia/a? — c?iaeoe aaeeeo
iiieeeo.

Oaeiae, ye ia aeoieo aaoi?a, iiaeii? ae??ooaaoenue ? ieoaiiy uiaei
aaeaioaoe?? ca?eueiaieo a?ae caaaeueieo caoiae?a aei ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo,
eiie?aoieo ??oaiue ii eiaeiiio aeiaaeeo ca?eueiaiiy in?a c i?noeue
iicaaaeaiiy aie?. Inoaii?i /anii ia iiaeia ia?eoe ? oaeee oaeo, ye
?icaeoie a i?noeyo iicaaaeaiiy aie? ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy, ae?yeueiino?
??cieo eiioan?e ii cae?eniaiith ii?aeueiiai aieeao ia a?aeaoaath/eo
e?ei?iaeueia iiea?aiiy, aeiaaathoue iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aaiai?, i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ii? oa ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
caaacia/aiino? oe??? noa?e. O ian ia aeeeeea? noii?ao, ui ?iaioa, yeo
cae?eniththoue ?ae?a?ei? eiioan??, ia? iaaiee iiceoeaiee aieea ia
i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaiaeeii? iaaeaaia?/ii? ?iaioe c nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??
in?a, ye? ca?eueiththoueny. Iaeiae oyaey?oueny aeioe?eueiei aianoe aei
eiaeaeno a?eueo iioe?aio oa ooi/iaio eiie?aoeciaaio oi?ioeo i?aaiaiai
iieiaeaiiy canoaeaeaiiai a noa?? ?ae?a?eieo a?aeiinei, a oaeiae
?ae?a?eieo i?aai?caoe?e ye o/aniee?a e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai i?ioeano.

O caeii? iiaeii? ciaeoe nai? i?noea ianooii? iieiaeaiiy:

— i?i i?aai eaae?o?eiaaieo ?ae?a?eieo i?aai?caoe?e ia aacia?aoeiaeia
a?aea?aeoaaiiy OAI ia i?ioaiiy canoaeaeaiiai, i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaoey?ieo
neoaea, ia?yae?a;

— i?i ?ae?a?ei? i?aai?caoe?? ye o/anieee e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/eo
a?aeiinei;

— i?i iaia’ycee aaei?i?no?aoe?? caaacia/oaaoe ?aae?caoe?th i?aaa ia
naiaiaeo nia?no? aeey canoaeaeaieo ? aca?iiae?th c ?ae?a?eieie
i?aai?caoe?yie;

— i?i noaoon ? i?noea ?ae?a?? a i?noeyo iicaaaeaiiy aie?, ye? ca nai?th
cia/ou?noth iiaeii? noiyoe a ?yae? naiaiae, ye? caeiathoue aaea
anoaiiaeaia oa aa?aioiaaia i?noea a iianyeaeaiiiio aeeoo?
iai?oaioe?a?ieo onoaiia. Cae?eniaiiy ?ae?a?eieo eoeueo?a, oea?eiaieo
neoaea ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye ciio eiioaeoo canoaeaeaiiai ?c ciai?oi?i
na?oii, yeee aaei?i?no?aoe?y onoaiiae iiaeiia ?icaeaaoe o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c I?i?iaeueieie noaiaea?oieie i?aaeeaie III uiaei
iiaiaeaeaiiy ?c oa’yciaieie aeey ?a?iiaenueeeo oiia;

— i?i iiaeeea?noue iaaeaiiy canoaeaeaiei (ca aeeeth/aiiyi in?a, ye?
oo?eiothoueny ia oth?aiiiio aeae? ?aaeeio) ei?ioeino?ieiaeo ae?cae?a
(a?aeionoie) ca iaae? i?noeue a?aeaoooy iiea?aiiy aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
ia?yae?a a?i/aiiy a oea?ea?, a yeui ?? iaia?, oi ia oa?eoi??? onoaiiae;

— i?i i?aai canoaeaeaieo ooai?thaaoe ?ae?a?ei? a?oie (iaueie) a i?noeyo
iicaaaeaiiy aie?;

— i?i eoeueoia? i?ei?uaiiy oa aeooiai? oeiee a i?noeyo iicaaaeaiiy aie?;

— i?i cae?eniaiiy canoaeaeaiei nai?o i?aa a ?ae?a?ei?e noa?? a ?icoiieo
iaaeao, aeoiaey/e ?c iiaeeeainoae onoaiiae (iayai?noue ?ano?n?a oa
?nioth/ee ?icii?yaeie aeaiiee).

O i?aea?aeii/eo aea ii?iaoeaieo aeoao iiaeii? aooe aeieeaaeii
?aaeaiaioiaai? ieoaiiy i?aai?caoe?eiiai ieaio, a naia:

— i?i ii?yaeie ?iaioe iaae?eueii? oeiee ? ae?yeueiino? ?ae?a?eieo a?oi
(iaueie c /enea canoaeaeaieo);

— i?i ia?aionoeiaee ?aaeei aeey i?aaenoaaiee?a ?ae?a?eieo i?aai?caoe?e (
iino?ei? ia?aionoee aeey aoiaeo ia oa?eoi??th onoaiiae, ca?eueiaiiy a?ae
iaeyaeo, iaia’yceiaa noi?iaiaeaeaiiy ?ia?oieeaie onoaiiae ii oa?eoi??? c
iaoith aaciaee oa iaaeaiiy aeiiiiiae);

— i?i ia?anoaaiiy ii eieii?? canoaeaeaieo o ca’yceo c ia?yaeaie,
i?iaaaeaiiyi iieaai?a;

— i?i anoaiiaeaiiy ca ocaiaeaeaiiyi c aaei?i?no?aoe??th aei?a oa aiaeei
aeey a?aea?aeoaaiiy onoaiiae i?aaenoaaieeaie ?ae?a?eieo i?aai?caoe?e, ?o
cono??/ae ?c canoaeaeaieie, i?iaaaeaiiy oea?eiaieo neoaea, cae?eniaiiy
ia?yae?a;

— i?i iiaeeea?noue cai?ie oa?/oaaiiy oa aei?a ?iaioe ? a?aeii/eieo a
ca’yceo c ?ae?a?eieie ia?aeiiaiiyie;

— i?i eoeueoia? i?ei?uaiiy (ii?yaeie oa oiiae aeae?eaiiy).

Ca nai?ie ooieoe?yie, caaaeaiiyie ?ae?a?y iaaoaa? aeey iai?oaioe?a?ieo
onoaiia ?ua a?eueoiai cia/aiiy, i?ae acaaae? aeey noni?euenoaa.

Aeey aea?aeaae ? iai?oaioe?a?ieo onoaiia ye aea?aeaaieo ooai?aiue
aaaeeea?noue oa iniaeeaa cia/ei?noue ae?yeueiino? ?ae?a?eieo
i?aai?caoe?e neeaaea?oueny c oiai, ui oey ae?yeuei?noue iiai?noth
a?aeiia?aea? o?e iao?, yeo iaiaaa?oueny aeinyaoe noni?euenoai,
canoiniaoth/e e?ei?iaeueia iiea?aiiy o aeaeyae? iicaaaeaiiy aie?:
i?aeaiooaaoe canoaeaeaiiai aei ii?iaeueiiai niiniao aeeooy.

Iaiao?aeii caa?iooe oaaao ia oaeoi?e, ye? cae?eniththoue iaaaoeaiee
aieea ia ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino? IAN ii iiia?aaeaeaiith ?aoeeaeeaii?
cei/eiiino?.

I?aeoeea ai?ioueae c ?aoeeaeeaiith cei/eii?noth iieaco?, ui ia
?acoeueoaoe oe??? ?iaioe iaaaoeaiee aieea cae?eniththoue oae? iniiai?
oaeoi?e:

– ia i?iaiaeeoueny aeeaieee aiae?c i?e/ei iaaaoeaieo yaeu a aeeiai?oe?
oa no?oeoo?? ?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino?, ui ia aeicaiey? nai?/anii
aeyaeyoe i?eoiaai? oaiaeaioe?? ci?i cei/eiiino?, i?iaiicoaaoe ?? noai ?
i?eeiaoe iiia?aaeaeoaaeuei? oi?aae?inuee? ??oaiiy, ieaioaaiiy ?iaioe ia
caaaeaee caaacia/o? eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae oa ii?aeiaiiy coneeue an?o
neoaea a ai?iouea? c ?aoeeaeeaii;

– niaoe?aeuei? ieaie ? ?aa?iiaeuei? i?ia?aie c oe??? i?iaeaie ia??aeei
?ic?iaeythoueny aac o?aooaaiiy i?noeaaeo oiia;

– caoiaee, ye? aaeeaathoueny, ia i?aee??ieththoueny eiie?aoiith
i?aai?caoi?nueeith ?iaioith;

– ia aeineoue aeoeaii ao?eth?oueny aei i?aeoeee ia?aaeiaee aeina?ae,
?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue;

– neaaeei eaioethaii ia i?aeoeoe? ai?ioueae c ?aoeeaeeaiith cei/eii?noth
caeeoa?oueny i?aai?caoe?y eiio?ieth ca i?eaoooyi, nai?/aniith
i?iieneith, o?oaeiaei oa iiaooiaei aeaoooaaiiyi in?a, ye?
ca?eueiythoueny c OAI oa ciyoeo c iae?eo;

– anoaiiaeaiiy eiio?ieth ca iiaaae?ieith oaeeo in?a i?aai?co?oueny
iia?eueii, ni?eyiiy ?o o?oaeiaiio oa iiaooiaiio aeaoooaaiith ia??aeei
caoyao?oueny, aai ae i?eieiy?oueny;

– i?ney i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy noaeeieo in?a ia caaaeaee aaeeaathoueny
iaeaaei? caoiaee uiaei ?o cae??ieaiiy a o?oaeiaeo eieaeoeaao. Ia??aeei
?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe c i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy ?ai?oa noaeeieo in?a ? eiio?ieth
ca ?o iiaaae?ieith ia aiae?cothoueny, IAN caa?oathoueny aei ?inoaioe?e c
i?iiiceoe?yie uiaei ae??oaiiy oeeo ieoaiue;

– c aaaaoueia i?aeiaaeyaeieie ?iaioa aaaeaoueny oi?iaeueii, ia
caaacia/o?oueny noai?ee ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee i?aeo?ae uiaei aecia/aiiy aeey
ieo iaiaaeaiue;

– ??aeei i?aeoeeo?oueny ci?ia iaiaaeaiue a yeino? aeoiaiiai caoiaeo;

– ia anthaee caaacia/o?oueny iaeaaeia ?cieyoe?y canoaeaeaieo, iaaeyae ca
?o iiaaae?ieith, caaaeyee /iio ieie a/eiythoueny ??ci? ii?ooaiiy oa
cei/eie. ?aaeei, ye can?a aei?aaeaiiy canoaeaeaieo, aeei?enoiao?oueny ia
iiaiith i??ith.

C iaoith iie?ioaiiy ?iaioe c aaeaioaoe?? canoaeaeaieo ? iiia?aaeaeaiith
?aoeeaeeao i?iiiio?oueny:

– c iaoith iaeiaeiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei ioe?iee noaio ?aoeeaeeaii?
cei/eiiino? ?ic?iaeoe ?aeei? aeey an?o neoaea iieacieee, ye?
canoiniaothoueny aeey ioe?iee ?aoeeaeeao;

–  ocaaaeueieoe iiceoeaiee aeina?ae canoinoaaiiy ??cieo oi?i ? iaoiae?a
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?io?eaeoe/iiai aieeao ia noaeeieo in?a ? aaeeoe
caoiaee aeey eiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy;

– iaaeaoe i?iiiceoe?? Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a i?i ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy uiaei
?icaeyaeo ia can?aeaiiyo aeeiieii?a oa nan?yo i?nueeeo, ?aeiiieo,
n?euenueeeo ?aae ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a ea??aiee?a i?aei?e?inoa, onoaiia,
i?aai?caoe?e c ieoaiue noaio i?io?eaeoe/ii? ?iaioe c noaeeieie iniaaie ?
caoiae?a, ye? aaeeaathoueny aeey ?o cae??ieaiiy a o?oaeiaeo eieaeoeaao;

– aei?o/eoe ia o?yaeiaiio ??ai? iaoeiaei onoaiiaai oa iaa/aeueiei
caeeaaeai IAN Oe?a?ie aeoea?coaaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai ?aoeeaeeaii?
cei/eiiino?. ?ic?iaeoe aeey IAN iaoeiai ia?oioiaai? e?eoa??? aecia/aiiy
eiea in?a, ye? i?aeeyaathoue ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiio aieeao, a
oaeiae ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?i oi?ie ? iaoiaee i?io?eaeoeee cei/ei?a c aieo
iniaeeai iaaacia/ieo ?aoeeaeea?no?a oa in?a, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae
aaei?i?no?aoeaiei iaaeyaeii. I?aeaiooaaoe oeiia? i?ia?aie aei?aaeaiiy ?
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? in?a, ye? iiaoi?ii nei?ee cei/eie (ca aeaeaie
?aaeeio, a?eii canoaeaeaieo, no?ieai iiea?aiiy oiui);

– ia ?icoe?ai?e eiioa?aioe?? iaaiai?eoe i?aaeiaoii ieoaiiy i?i
iiaeaeueoa oaeineiiaeaiiy ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? IAN ii
ai?iouea? c ?aoeeaeeaiith cei/eii?noth. C oe??th iaoith ia?aaeaa/eoe
i?aeaioiaeo iiaeo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a IAN Oe?a?ie:

a) i?i aca?iiae?th IAN oa a?iiaaenueeino? ii i?aai?caoe?? iiia?aaeaeaiiy
?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino?;

a) i?i ii?yaeie aca?iiae?? i?io?eaeoe/ii? neoaeae c ?ioeie neoaeaaie ?
i?ae?icae?eaie IAN uiaei eiio?ieth ca i?eaoooyi, i?iieneith (iinoaiiaith
ia iae?e) ? i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiyi in?a, ca?eueiaieo c OAI ? ciyoeo c
iae?eo;

– aeeoe c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie aei an?o caoe?eaaeaieo i?aai?a i?i /ano?oa ?
nenoaiaoe/ia ?icaeyaeaiiy ia eii?aeeiaoe?eieo ia?aaeao i?aaiioi?iiieo
i?aai?a i?e i?noeaaeo ?aaeao ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a ieoaiue i?io?eaeoeee
?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino? ?c caeo/aiiyi aei ?iaioe e?ei?iieia?a,
nioe?ieia?a, ineoieia?a, ineo?ao??a, iaaeaaia?a ?ieneii?a-ianoiyoae?a
oea?eia oa ?ioeo niaoe?ae?no?a aeey ae?iaeaiiy iaoeiai ia?oioiaaieo
i?iiiceoe?e c o?aooaaiiyi i?noeaaeo oiia;

– ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo canoaeaeaieo
ca aaeocyo ainiiaea?noaa ? iaeaaaeeea?oeo ia’?eoao c o?aooaaiiyi ?o
e?ei?iieia?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee, iayaiino? niaoe?aeueiinoae, a oaeiae
iayaiino? oiia, ye? a iaeneiaeueii ni?eyee i?aai?caoe?? aei?aaeaiiy
canoaeaeaieo o o?oaeiaiio eieaeoea?;

– ?ic?iaeoe ? cae?enieoe caoiaee uiaei iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy
nenoaie niaoe?aeueiiai eiio?ieth ca iiaooiaei oa o?oaeiaei aeaoooaaiiyi
ca?eueiaieo c OAI c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeeeainoae i?aei?e?inoa ?
i?aai?caoe?e, aea i?aoeththoue ?ai?oa noaeei?, o iaaeaii? ?ioi?iaoe??
IAN o aeiaaeeo ?o ca?eueiaiiy aai o?eaaeiai iaaeoiaeo ia ?iaioo;

– ia?aaeaa/eoe ci?ie a ?nioth/eo oi?iao noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino?, iath/e
ia oaac? iae?e ?aoeeaeeao cei/ei?a c aieo in?a, ye? oiiaii canoaeaeai?,
a oaeiae iae?e in?a, ye? oi?iaeueii i?aeiaaeathoue i?ae ae?th
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai iaaeyaeo ? ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia iae?eo c
i?io?eaeoe/ieo ni?aa oa ia iae?ei-i?io?eaeoe/ieo ea?oeao c aeae?eaiiyi
in?a, yeeo iiia?aaeaeaii i?i anoaiiaeaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai iaaeyaeo ?
ye? ceiaaeeaathoue aeeiaieai, ia?eioeeaie, a oaeiae oai?eo ia NI?Ae;

– ia?aaeaa/eoe iaia’yceiaa iai?aaeaiiy aei e?ei?iieia?/ieo
i?ae?icae?e?a ca i?noeai a?aeaoaaiiy iiea?aiiy aac iicaaaeaiiy aie?
aeaeoeeiea?o cei/eiiee?a-?aoeeaeea?no?a. Ciaia’ycaoe OAI i?e ca?eueiaii?
?aoeeaeea?no?a ?aaoey?ii iai?aaeyoe aeaa aecaiiey?e aeaeoeeiea?oie aei
aia?ao?a e?ei?iaeueiiai ?icooeo ca i?noeai ia?aaoaaiiy oa i?iaeeaaiiy;

– noai?eoe niaoe?aeuei? e?eoaaeuei? onoaiiae aeey ca?eueiaieo c i?noeue
iicaaaeaiiy aie? ?iaae?ae?a oa noa?oeo ca a?eii, ye? ia iathoue i?yieo
?iaee/?a, oai??thoue ia ooaa?eoeueic ? iio?aaothoue noaoe?iia?iiai
e?eoaaiiy a?ae aeeiaie?cio, ia?eiiai??, NI?Aeo;

– aeey oni?oiiai aaeaiooaaiiy a oiiaao aeeooy ia aie? ca?eueoeoe ?ici??
iaoa??aeueii? aeiiiiiae, ui iaaea?oueny iniaai, ye? a?aeaoee iiea?aiiy ?
ia iathoue a?ioae ia iniaenoiio ?aooieo;

– Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie i?eeiyoe ??oaiiy i?i noai?aiiy a nenoai?
i?aai?a nioe?aeueiiai caaacia/aiiy ia?aae? niaoe?aeueieo
aoaeeie?a-?ioa?iao?a aeey a?iiaaeyi, ye? iathoue i?aenoaae ia i?ei?uaiiy
c /enea:

– ca?eueiaieo ?c i?noeue iicaaaeaiiy aie? iniaeeai iaaacia/ieo
?aoeeaeea?no?a oa in?a, ye? noaee ia oeyo aei?aaeaiiy;

– iai?aaeaieo c i?eeiaeueiee?a-?iciiae?eueiee?a in?a, noeeueieo aei
nei?iiy i?aaiii?ooaiue;

– a?oai ii?oooth/eo i?aaeea ao?oiaeeoeo a aoaeeieao-?ioa?iaoao aeey
in?a noa?oeo ca a?eii oa ?iaae?ae?a.

??oaiiy i?i iai?aaeaiiy aei niaoe?aeueieo aoaeeie?a-?ioa?iao?a, ye?
ca?ac iaiao?aeii noai?eoe a eiaei?e iaeano? aai iaeei ia aea? iaeano?,
aeeae/a aei i?eei?aeiiii? ciie oa cae?cie/ii? eie??, i?eeiathoueny
aeeiiaa/eie eii?oaoaie a?aeiia?aeieo i?noeaaeo ?aae.

Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a caoaa?aeeoe Iieiaeaiiy i?i nioe?aeueiee
aoaeeiie-?ioa?iao aeey i?anoa??eeo oa ?iaae?ae?a.

Anoaiiaeoe, ui iinaaeia? ieeaaee (noaaee) i?aoe?aieeai niaoe?aeueieo
aoaeeie?a-?ioa?iao?a i?aeaeuothoueny ia 25% aei ?ici??o iinaaeiaeo
ieeaae?a (noaaie), anoaiiaeaieo i?aoe?aieeai aoaeeie?a-?ioa?iao?a aeey
i?anoa??eeo oa ?iaae?ae?a.

Aeo?aoe, iia’ycai? c ooai?aiiyi ? ?iaioith niaoe?aeueieo
aoaeeie?a-?ioa?iao?a, i?iaiaeeoe ca ?aooiie aneaioaaiue ia nioe?aeueia
caaacia/aiiy ii athaeaeaoo.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy oe?eiaeiaiai? ioi?iie a?iiaaenueeiai ii?yaeeo a
eiaeiiio niaoe?aeueiiio aoaeeieo-?ioa?iaoo aeae?eeoe I?i?noa?noao
aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie aeiaeaoeiao ooaoio /enaeuei?noue ni?a?ia?oiee?a
OAI, ye? oo?eiothoueny ca ?aooiie eioo?a athaeaeaoo.

Eiiieaeooaaiiy ooaoii? /enaeueiino? i?iaiaeeoe ii i??? ooai?aiiy
aeacaieo aoaeeie?a-?ioa?iao?a.

Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a oa IAN Oe?a?ie iiaeia ?icaeyiooe oea ieoaiiy ?
i?eeiyoe ??oaiiy i?i iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy i?ei?uaiue
ae?iaie/i-oaoi?/ieo o/eeeu, ye? cae?eaathoueny, aeey ?ici?uaiiy a ieo
niaoe?aeueieo aoaeeie?a-?ioa?iao?a.

Ca inoaii? ?iee ia i?aeoeoe? aoei aaaaoi c?iaeaii aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?ioeano nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? ca?eueiaieo a?ae a?aeaoooy iiea?aiiy.

Ia nueiaiaei? ye iiaooiaei, oae ? o?oaeiaei aeaoooaaiiyi caeiathoueny
aeeiieiie i?noeaaeo ?aae oa ?o i?aai?caoe??. ?acii c oei aaeeea
e?euee?noue i?aai?a oa iinaaeiaeo in?a, ye? caeiathoueny
i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiyi ca?eueiaieo, ia ni?ey? aoaeoeaiino? oe??? ?iaioe.

Aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoa??ae?a aeine?aeaeaiue ni?eyee a oaeiae
?ic?iaoe? oa oai?aoe/iiio ia?oiooaaiith i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii
aoaeoeaiiio, ye ia iaoo aeoieo, ao?eaiith eiiieaeno caoiae?a c
iiia?aaeaeaiiy ?aoeeaeeaii?, i?aai?ciaaii? cei/eiiino? ? iie?ioaiith
i?ioeano nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? ca?eueiaieo canoaeaeaieo.

Caaa?oo?oueny aeena?oaoe?y Caeeth/iith /anoeiith c i?aenoieiaeie
aeniiaeaie noiniaii i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

AENIIAEE

Caaaeuei? oai?aoe/i? ?aea? a?aeiinii aecia/aiiy aeo?aeieo oai?aoe/ieo
iiiyoue: oi?aae?iiy aeoiaii-aei?aaiei i?ioeanii, ai?ioueae c
i?aai?ciaaiith cei/eii?noth, ia?eioeciii — nenoaiaoeciaai? c ?ice?eooyi
iniiaieo e?ei?iiaaiieo oaeoi??a, ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? iniiae
iiia?aaeaeaiiy ii?ooaiue aeenoeeie?ie, i?io?eaeoeee cei/ei?a.

Aecia/athoueny ia?niaeoeai? iai?yiee iiaeaeueoiai iaoeiaiai aea/aiiy
i?iaeai ? i?aeoe/i? oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy a i?aaiao aioo??oi?o
ni?aa — ii aena?oeaieo i?iaeaiao nueiaiaeaiiy, ?o iaeaaei? i?aoe?.

An? oe? aeniiaee ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe i?e e?ei?iieia?/iiio ieaioaaii?
iniiaieo iai?yie?a iiia?aaeaeoaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? a nenoai?
i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a.

Iniiai? ?iaioe, iioae?eiaai? aaoi?ii,ui a?aeia?aaeathoue iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe??

Iaa/aeuei? iin?aieee, iiiia?ao??:

1. Iaoeia A.I. Oi?aae?iiy aeoiaii-aei?aaiei i?ioeanii: Iiiia?ao?y, a 2-o
/. – Caii??aeaey: Caii??cueeee th?eaee/iee ?inoeooo IAN Oe?a?ie, 1998. –
538 n. – 28,94 ae.a.

2. I?oeia A.I. Ea?aeueii-aeoiaiee aieea ia ?aoeeaeea?no?a oa eiai ?ieue
o ci?oeiaii? aeenoeeie?ie a onoaiiaao aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue: Iiiia?ao?y.—
O.: Oi-o aioo?. ni?aa Oe?a?ie, 1996.— 98n.— 6,9 ae.a.

Noaoo? a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao oa ca??ieeao:

3. Iaoeia A.I. E?eieiaeueiay aa?iioieiaey — aa aeooaeueiinoue aeey
i?iaiice?iaaiey ?inoa i?anooiiinoe // Iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneay eiioa?aioeey,
iinayuaiiay iaiyoe i?io. Oaaei?iaa E.A. (12-13 ethiy 1996 aiaea) /
Oacenu aeieeaaeia.— Caii?iaeuea, 1996.— N.163-167.— 0,2 ae.a.

4. I?oeia A.I. Onoaiiae aeeiiaiiy iiea?aiue nueiaiaei? ? caao?a //
Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie no/anii?
iai?oaioe?a?ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie».— E., 1996.— N.45-48.

5. Iaoeia A.I. Oe?aieaiea ainoaea?noaaiiie aeenoeeieeiu — n?aaenoai
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey ?aoeeaeeaa i?anooiiinoe // Iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneay
eiioa?aioeey, iinayuaiiay iaiyoe i?io. Oaaei?iaa E.A. (12-13 ethiy 1996
aiaea) / Oacenu aeieeaaeia.— Caii?iaeuea, 1996.— N. 172-175. – 0,2 ae.a.
(o ni?aaaoi?noa?).

6. I?oeia A.I. Ii?yaeie iiia?aaeaeaiiy i?i iai?? canoinoaaiiy
aiaiaiaeueii? ca?i?, niaoe?aeueieo cania?a oa o?ce/ii? neee c aieo
i?aoe?aiee?a i?e?oe?? // A?niee oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa.— 1996.—
?1.— N.44-55.— 0,4 ae.a. (o ni?aaaoi?noa?).

7. I?oeia A.I. N?aaenoai i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey i?anooiiinoe — oe?aieaiea
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeenoeeieeiu e aeooiaiie i?aanoaaiiinoe // I?aeia?iaeia
eiioa?aioe?y “sseui iiaeaoa, aoaeueoa o ie?? c on?ia” / Iaoa??aee
aeiiia?aeae.— Caii??aeaey, 1997.— N. 222-224.— 0,05 ae.a.

8. I?oeia A.I. I?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? th?eaee/ieo in?a o aaeoc? caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy
i?aaee oi?a?ae? // ?aa?iiaeueia i?aeaoc?anueea iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia
eiioa?aioe?y «Eiioeaioe?y oi?ioaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie
(12-13.03.97 ?.) / Iaoa??aee aeiiia?aeae.— Caii??aeaey, 1997.— N. 94-97.
(o ni?aaaoi?noa?).

9. I?oeia A.I. Aaei?i?no?aoeaia ? e?ei?iaeueia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca
i?aaiii?ooaiiy a aaeoc? iiiaeaoeoaaiiy noa’?eo?a oi?aiaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? // I?aeaoc?anueea iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y
«Eiioeaioe?y oi?ioaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie» / Iaoa??aee
aeiiia?aeae.— Caii??aeaey, 1997.— N.127-129.— 0,15 ae.a. (o
ni?aaaoi?noa?).

10. I?oeia A.I. Iania? caoiaee: aniaeoe ?aoi?ioaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa oa
ae?yeueiino? uiaei ioi?iie a?iiaaenueeiai ii?yaeeo //
?? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y, i?enay/aia iai’yo? i?io.
Oaaei?iaa E.A. (12-13 o?aaiy 1997 ?ieo) / Iaoeia? noaoo?.— Caii??aeaey,
1997.— N. 146-150.— 0,15 ae.a. (o ni?aaaoi?noa?).

11. I?oeia A.I. I?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie caaacia/aiiy i?aa
a?iiaaeyi o oi?aiaaeuei?e ae?yeueiino? // Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y
i?enay/aia iai’yo? E.A. Oaaei?iaa (12-13.05.97 ?.) / Iaoeia? noaoo?.—
Caii??aeaey, 1997.— 0,15 ae.a. (o ni?aaaoi?noa?).

12. Iaoeia A.I. I?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? th?eaee/ieo in?a a aaeoc? caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy
i?aaee oi?a?ae? // ?aa?iiaeueia i?aeaoc?anueea iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia
eiioa?aioe?y «Eiioeaioe?y oi?ioaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie
(12-13.03.97 ?.) / Iaoa??aee aeiiia?aeae.— Caii??aeaey, 1997.— N.94-97.—
0,2 ae.a. (o ni?aaaoi?noa?).

13. I?oeia A.I. Oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino? ?aoeeaeea?no?a, ye? iiaeii? ciaoe
th?enoe // ?aa?iiaeueia i?aeaoc?anueea iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y
«Eiioeaioe?y oi?ioaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie (12-13.03.97 ?.) /
Iaoa??aee aeiiia?aeae.— Caii??aeaey, 1997.— N.100-104.— 0,2 ae.a.

14. I?oeia A.I. sseei ? aea aooe iiia?aaeiueiio ne?aenoao, a?ae oeueiai
caeaaeeoue ci?oeiaiiy caeiiiino? oa aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie // A?niee
Caii??cueeiai th?eaee/iiai ?inoeoooo IAN Oe?a?ie.— Caii??aeaey, 1997.—
Aei. 1.— N.163-168. (o ni?aaaoi?noa?).

15. I?oeia A.I. Aaei?i?no?aoeaia oa e?ei?iaeueia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca
i?aaiii?ooaiiy a aaeoc? iiiaeaoeoaaiiy noa’?eo?a oi?aiaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? oa ?? aaeineiiaeaiiy a caeiiiaeaanoa? Oe?a?ie // A?niee
Caii??cueeiai th?eaee/iiai ?inoeoooo IAN Oe?a?ie.— Caii??aeaey, 1997.—
Aei. 2.— N. 41-48. (o ni?aaaoi?noa?).

16. Iaoiaee/i? aeac?aee oa caaaeaiiy aei i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue ?
naiino?eii? i?aeaioiaee c eo?no «Aaei?i?no?aoeaia ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a
aioo??oi?o ni?aa» aeey eo?naio?a oa neooa/?a Caii??cueeiai th?eaee/iiai
?inoeoooo / Oee. I?oeia A.I. ? ?i. — Caii??aeaey: CTH? IAN Oe?a?ie,
1997.— 27n.

17. I?ia?aia ? iaoiaee/i? iaoa??aee iaa/aeueii? (iciaeiiethaaeueii?)
i?aeoeee a i?aaiao aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeey eo?naio?a 1 eo?no / Oee.
A.I. I?oeia ? ?i.— Caii??aeaey: CTH? IAN Oe?a?ie, 1998.— 19n.

18. Ii?iaoeai? iaoa??aee c ieoaiue aeica?eueii? nenoaie, ui a?aeianai?
aei eiiiaoaioe?? IAN Oe?a?ie / Oee. A.I. I?oeia, I.N. O?ieia.—
Caii??aeaey: CTH? IAN Oe?a?ie, 1998.— 132n.

19. I?oeia A.I. I?ioeanoaeuei? ieoaiiy canoinoaaiiy caoiae?a
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?eieiaiiy niaoe?aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy // A?niee
Euea?anueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa.— Euea?a: Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee
oa ?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/ee a?aeae?e, 1998.— ?7.— N.207-212. (o
ni?aaaoi?noa?).

20. I?oeia A.I. Nooi?noue oa cia/aiiy oi?aiaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? a
noni?eueieo a?aeiineiao, i?iaeaie ?? aaeineiiaeaiiy a caeiiiaeaanoa?
Oe?a?ie // A?niee Euea?anueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa.— Euea?a:
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee oa ?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/ee a?aeae?e, 1998.— ?7.—
N.175-182.

21. I?oeia A.I. I?aaa ei??iieo ia?iae?a ? iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei ca
iieiaeaiiyie i?aeia?iaeieo aeieoiaio?a oa caeiiiaeaa/eie aeoaie
Oe?a?ie // A?niee Euea?anueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa.— Euea?a:
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee oa ?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/ee a?aeae?e, 1998.— ?7.—
N.84-95.

22. I?oeia A.I. Iai?yiee i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe i?aaiioi?iiieo
i?aai?a // A?niee Euea?anueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa.— Euea?a:
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee oa ?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/ee a?aeae?e, 1998.— ?8.—
N.98-107.

23. I?oeia A.I. ?ieue aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie i?e c?inoaii?
e?ei?iae?caoe?? noni?euenoaa // A?niee Euea?anueeiai ?inoeoooo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa.— Euea?a: Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee oa
?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/ee a?aeae?e, 1998.— ?8.— N.153-164.

24. I?oeia A.I. I?iaeaie ?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino? oa oeyoe ??
i?io?eaeoeee aaeineiiaeaiiyi aea?aeaaii? aeenoeeie?ie // A?niee
Eoaainueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN Oe?a?ie.— Eoaainuee, 1998.—
Aei. 1.— N.79-95.

25. I?oeia A.I. I?iaeaia aca?iica’yceo i?ae cieaeaiiyi aea?aeaaii?
aeenoeeie?ie ? c?inoaiiyi ?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino? // A?niee
Caii??cueeiai th?eaee/iiai ?inoeoooo IAN Oe?a?ie.— Caii??aeaey, 1998.—
Aei. 3.— N.35-43. (o ni?aaaoi?noa?).

26. I?oeia A.I. Ca’ycie ia?eiiai?? c i?aai?ciaaiith cei/eii?noth //
A?niee Caii??cueeiai th?eaee/iiai ?inoeoooo IAN Oe?a?ie.— Caii??aeaey,
1998.— Aei. 4.— N.27-35.

I?oeia A.I. Oi?aae?iiy aeoiaii-aei?aaiei i?ioeanii.— ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.07 — oai??y oi?aae?iiy; aaei?i?no?aoeaia i?aai
? i?ioean; o?iainiaa i?aai; aaie?anueea i?aai.— Caii??cueeee th?eaee/iee
?inoeooo IAN Oe?a?ie, Caii??aeaey, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith ieoaiue, ye? ni?eythoue
i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?, noiniaii
i?eeiyooy i?aaeeueieo, ia?oioiaaieo ??oaiue i?aaiaie aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy c i?io?eaeoeee ii?ooaiue aeenoeeie?ie.

Ia oai?aoe/iiio oa aii??e/iiio iaoa??aeao, a oaeiae aeaieo noaoenoeee
?icaeyioo? i?iaeaie i?aai?ciaaii? ? ?aoeeaeeaii? cei/eiiino?, ??
i?io?eaeoeee. Aeine?aeaeai?: iniaeno?noue cei/eioey, aieea ia ia?
aeeiaie?cio ? ia?eioecio, aiae?cothoueny iniiai? iai?yiee i?io?eaeoeee
cei/ei?a, iia’ycaieo c ia?eioeciii.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oi?aae?iiy, aeenoeeie?ia, aei?aaeaiiy, i?io?eaeoeea,
cei/ei, i?aai?ciaaia cei/eii?noue, canoaeaeaiee, ?aoeeaeea?no,
iniaeno?noue, aeeiaie?ci, ia?eioeci.

Iaoeia A.I. Oi?aaeaiea ainieoaoaeueii-eni?aaeoaeueiui i?ioeannii.—
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a th?eaee/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.07 — oai?ey oi?aaeaiey; aaeieieno?aoeaiia i?aai
e i?ioeann; oeiainiaia i?aai; aaieianeia i?aai.— Caii?iaeneee
th?eaee/aneee einoeooo IAAe Oe?aeiu, Caii?iaeuea, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth aii?inia, niinianoaothueo
iiauoaieth yooaeoeaiinoe oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, a /anoe i?eiyoey
aa?iuo, iainiiaaiiuo ?aoaiee i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey ii
i?ioeeaeoeea ia?ooaiee aeenoeeieeiu.

Ia oai?aoe/aneeo e yiie?e/aneeo iaoa?eaeao, a oaeaea aeaiiuo noaoenoeee
?anniio?aiu i?iaeaiu i?aaieciaaiiie e ?aoeeaeeaiie i?anooiiinoe, aa
i?ioeeaeoeee. Enneaaeiaaiu: ee/iinoue i?anooiieea, aeeyiea ia iaa
aeeiaieecia e ia?eioecia, aiaeece?othony iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey
i?ioeeaeoeee i?anooieaiee, naycaiiuo n ia?eioeciii.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oi?aaeaiea, aeenoeeieeia, eni?aaeaiea, i?ioeeaeoeea,
i?anooieaiea, i?aaieciaaiiay i?anooiiinoue, inoaeaeaiiue, ?aoeeaeeaeno,
ee/iinoue, aeeiaieeci, ia?eioeci.

Petkov V.P. «The management of educat?onal correct?ve process».—
Manuscript.

The d?ssertat?on for the compet?t?on of the sc?ent?f?c degree of a
doctor of jur?sprudence on a spec?al?ty 12.00.07 — the theory of
control; Adm?n?strat?ve Law and Process; F?nanc?al Law.— Zaporozhyen Law
?nst?tute of the M?n?stry of the ?nternal Affa?rs of Ukra?n, Zaporozhye,
1998.

The d?ssertat?on ?s devoted to the ?nvest?gat?on of the quest?ons wh?ch
help to make administative act?v?ty more effect?ve ?n f?nd?ng correct,
well-grounded by the organs of the State governing as for the prevent?on
of d?sc?pl?ne break?ng.

The problems of the organ?zed cr?m?nal?ty and rec?d?v?sm, their
prevent?on,are stud?ed on the base of theoret?cal, emp?r?cal mater?al
and on the base of the stat?st?c data. Invest?gated aspects: a
personal?ty of a cr?m?nal, the ?nfluence of alcohol?sm and drug usage on
?t; the pr?nc?pal ways of the prevent?ve ?nspect?on of cr?mes, connected
w?th drug usage are analyzed.

Key words: administration, d?sc?pl?ne, correct?on, prevent?on,
?nspect?on, organ?zed cr?m?nal?ty, the accused, rec?d?v?st, alcohol?sm,
drug usage.

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