I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

AeIIAOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO AEIIII?EE ? OI?A?AE?

Ae?ssEIIIAA Ienaia Aaeaioei?aia

OAeE 658.8 (477)

OI?AAE?IIss NOAEEI ?ICAEOEII OI?A?AE?

A OIIAAO IA?AO?AeII? AEIIII?EE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.02. — I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa ia?eaoeia

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? aeiiii?ee ?
oi?a?ae? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oaeaaaaea Aaeea A?eai??aia

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo ooo/iiai

?ioaeaeoo, i?i?aeoi? c i?aeia?iaeieo ca’yce?a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ea?nae?i Aaea??e ?aaiiae/

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iee

oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee oa

iaiaaeaeiaioo aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa oa oo?ecio

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, n.i.n.

Eyoaiei Ay/aneaa ?aaiiae/

?inoeooo aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino? Iaoe?iiaeueii?

Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ naeoi?ii

i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Euea?anueea eiia?oe?eia aeaaeai?y Oeiiini?eee

Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee, i.Euea?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 28 ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 11.055.01 o Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? aeiiii?ee ? oi?a?ae? ca aae?anith: 340050, i.Aeiiaoeuee,
aoe.Ui?na, 31.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aeiiii?ee ? oi?a?ae? ca aae?anith: 340017,
i.Aeiiaoeuee, a.Oaa/aiea, 30.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 27 aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee
Aeiia?aaeiaa I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. No/aniee noai aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny yaeuaie nenoaiii? e?ece, a?aenooi?noth ?aeeii?
?aeaieia?? ? no?aoaa?? ?eieiaiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy. Ioaea, iaaecae/aeii
aeooaeueiith caeeoa?oueny i?iaeaia iiooeo iiaeo oeyo?a aeoiaeo c e?ece.
Oai?aoe/iith aacith noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei iiaea noaoe
i?eioeeiiai iiaa eiioeaioe?y noaeiai ?icaeoeo, yea ia?aaeaa/a?
aa?iii?caoe?th nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai aeeooy noni?euenoaa, ui
?ic?iaeaia i?ae aa?aeith III ? i?eeiyoa a Oe?a?i?.

Nueiaiaei? ua caa/anii aiai?eoe i?i ia?aiao?e noaeiai ?icaeoeo
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno e?a?ie, ye i?i ni?aao iaeaeeae/iai
iaeaooiueiai. Ie?aieo iiceoeaieo aeiiii?/ieo c?ooaiue iiaeia aeinyaiooe
eeoa a aaeocyo, aea noai?aii iaiao?aei? ia?aaeoiiae aeey cae?eniaiiy
eiiieaeno nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue. Oae? oiiae i?eoaiaii?
aeey aioo??oiuei? oi?a?ae?, yea caeaoia noaoe aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii
noaa?e?caoe?? aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a ? iaeii/anii ae??oeoe aaaeeea?
nioe?aeuei? caaea/?.

Aeai?e i?iaeai? i?enay/aii ?yae ?ia?o a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo:
I.Aeueaa?oa, A.I.Aaeeiaa, I.?.Aaeaiiaa, E.A.Aaeaaaiiai?, ?.Aa??a,
?.A.Aeaiea, ?.Aaeoi?aea, A.?.A?aai?aa, A.I.A?oceiiaa, AE.AEaeea,
E.?.E?aa/aiei, A.E?e?, ?.E?i/a, ?.Ia?e?ia, I.O.Ianeiia, E.I.Iiaeyiiae/,
ss.E.I?eiaa, I.Ii?oa?a, A.A.Naaeaeiaa, ?.A.Ni?iee, A.A.Oaeaaaaee oa ?i.
I?ioa aei oeueiai /ano ia ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy i?iaeaie oi?aae?iiy
oi?a?aeath /a?ac i?ecio eiioeaioe?? noaeiai ?icaeoeo.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeaii? i?iaeaie aeey oi?a?ae?, ?? oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy iaoiiaeee oe?e? ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii eiiieaeniiai ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aeiiii?ee ? oi?a?ae? a ?aieao
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie “Iiaee ci?no oa iaoiaeeea aeeeaaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo aeenoeeie?i a oi?aiaeo AOCao c o?aooaaiiyi aeiia ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee”(A-95-1). Oaia aeena?oaoe?? aoea caoaa?aeaeaia a/aiith ?aaeith
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aeiiii?ee ? oi?a?ae? 27 ethoiai
1997 ?ieo (i?ioieie ?8).

Iaoa oa caaea/e aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai?aoe/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy iiai? iaoiaeieia?? oi?aae?iiy oi?a?aeath ia iniia?
eiioeaioe?? noaeiai ?icaeoeo, ui ia?aaeaa/a? iioei?caoe?th ia?aiao??a,
ye? oi?iothoue iaoai?ci aeiiii?/ieo aca?iia?aeiinei noa’?eo?a oa
ia’?eo?a oi?aae?iiy, ai?iaiaaiee a ?aaeueieo oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oi?aiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe a aeena?oaoe??
iinoaaeai? oa ae??oothoueny ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

aecia/aiiy nooiino? oa ?ie? noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae? o i?ioean?
noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee;

nenoaiaoecaoe?y noa’?eo?a oa ia’?eo?a oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii
oi?a?ae?;

aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeoi??a noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae?;

?ic?iaea iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua oi?aiaiai
i?aei?e?inoaa;

ia??oiooaaiiy iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae?;

?ic?iaea oeiiai? i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oi?aiaaeueiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa;

iiaeaethaaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae? a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooiathoue i?aei?e?inoaa iioiai? oa
?icae??aii? oi?a?ae? Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – noeoii?noue oai?aoe/ieo, iaoiaee/ieo oa
i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai, ui iia’ycai? c i?ioeanii oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii
oi?a?ae?.

Oai?aoe/ia oa iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy noaeei
?icaeoeii oi?a?ae? aaco?oueny ia aea/aii? iieiaeaiue no/anii?
aeiiii?/ii? iaoee, nioe?ieia??, iaoeiaeo ? oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?iaie
a?o/eciyieo oa ?iicaiieo a/aieo c i?iaeai oi?aae?iiy oi?a?aeath, oai???
noaeiai ?icaeoeo oa ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo.

?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoa??aee
Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo noaoenoeee oa Oi?aae?iiy noaoenoeee Aeiiaoeueei?
iaeano?, I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, I?i?noa?noaa
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae?; oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae,
iioae?eiaaiee a iiiia?ao?yo oa ia??iaee/i?e i?an?; aeai? ia?aeiiiai
iae?eo oa ca?oiino? oi?aiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, ui aoei aeine?aeaeaii, aeai?
aaoi?nueeeo iieooaaiue ea??aiee?a oa niaoe?ae?no?a oi?aiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa.

I?ioean ia?iaee ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe?? cae?enithaaany ca aeiiiiiaith
no/anieo eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai: EXNEL, DSRA oa WINECO.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oiio, ui
aaoi?ii iinoaaeaiee oa ae??oaiee ?yae iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaieo
oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai ca oaiith aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aaoi?ii
iaea?aeaii ianooii? iia? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe:

iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa iniiai? iniaeeaino?
noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae?: caeaoi?noue aaeoc? caeeoaoeny aeeoo?caeaoiith
a aeeiai?/ieo aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao, i?aeaeuaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii?
i?eaaaeeaino? oi?a?ae?, i?aaiaiiy aaeoc? aei naiia?yaeoaaiiy,
i???ioaoe?y ia ?iiiaaoe??, iie?auaiiy yeino? oi?aiaeo iineoa a i??o
caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo;

cai?iiiiiaaii eiiieaenio nenoaio iieaciee?a noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae?,
ci?ia yeeo ? iiaeeea?noue aieeao ia oe? ci?ie aecia/athoue ea?iaai?noue
?icaeoeii oi?aiaaeueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa: ae?iai?ea oiaa?iiai?ioo;
aeeiai?ea a?ae?aooaaiue ia ae?iaie/ee ? nioe?aeueiee ?icaeoie,
iaoa??aeueia noeioethaaiiy; iieacieee o?iainiai? no?eeino?
oi?aiaaeueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa; nioe?aeueiee aoaeo;

ia iniia? nenoaiaoecaoe?? oaeoi??a, ye? iathoue aieea ia ?icaeoie
oi?a?ae? aeyaeaii oaeoi?e, ui ne?ae a?aeiineoe aei ?ic?iaee no?aoaa??
noaeiai ?icaeoeo: aeeoo?aee ??aaiue ianaeaiiy, ?icaeoie nioe?aeueii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e, ye?noue noaio iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua,
?icaeoie ?ioi?iaoe?eieo eiioi?eaoe?e;

cai?iiiiiaaii iioeiaeueio aeey no/anieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei iiaeaeue
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae?, ni?yiiaaio ia ocaiaeaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo oa nioe?aeueieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy, aeinyaiaiiy ?o
aoaeoeaii? aca?iiae?? c i?aai?caoe?eiith no?oeoo?ith i?aei?e?inoaa,
caaeiaieaiiy noni?eueieo oa iniaenoeo iio?aa a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii?
aeo?aoe ?ano?n?a, i???ioaoe?th ia ia?eaoeia, iiaeeea?noue iia?aoeaii
?aaaoaaoe ia ci?ie ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua;

?ic?iaeaii i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo oi?aiaaeueiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa, yea i???ioo?oueny ia aeinyaiaiiy noaeiai ?icaeoeo:
aa?iii?caoe?y aeei?enoaiiy aeiiii?/ieo, iaoa??aeueieo oa o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a c i???ioaoe??th ia noaa?eueia c?inoaiiy nioe?aeueii?
aoaeoeaiino?; ocaiaeaeaiiy ?ioa?an?a niiaeeaa/?a, ?ia?oiee?a oa
aeaniee?a i?aei?e?inoaa; caaacia/aiiy i?eaooeiaino?; aoaeoeaia
aeei?enoaiiy iioeiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oa iaoiae?a
oi?aae?iiy;

ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaiiai aeai?eoio iiaoaeiaaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io
iiaeaeue nenoaie oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae? o aeaeyae?
?ici?/aiiai a?aoo noai?a;

iaa?oioiaaii iai?yiee eiiieaeniiai ?icaeoeo nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
oi?aiaaeueiei i?aei?e?inoaii, ye? aacothoueny ia aaeineiiaeaii?
aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a, cai?iaaaeaeaii? iiaeo oi?i ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae?,
aaeineiiaeaii? i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy, iie?ioaii?
iaoiaee/iiai oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy,
aaeineiiaeaii? i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe? aia?aoo oi?aae?iiy ? i?aeaeuaii?
eaae?o?eaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae?, yeee iiaea aooe
aeei?enoaiee oi?aiaaeueieie i?aei?e?inoaaie aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy c o?aooaaiiyi ciai?oi?o oaeoi??a oa
i???ioaoe??th ia aenie? i?ii?aei? oa e?ioeaa? ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino?.
A ?iaio? i?iiiiothoueny iai?yiee eiiieaeniiai ?icaeoeo nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy oi?aiaaeueiei i?aei?e?inoaii, ye? eaaei cai?iaaaeeoe a
i?aeoeeo ainiiaea?thaaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
iinyoue i?eeeaaeiee, a ia eeoa caaaeueiioai?aoe/iee oa?aeoa?, ?o
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaea ni?eyoe iioei?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy oi?a?aeath a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e aeeeaaeaii? aeenoeeie?i: “Oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaaie oi?a?ae?”, “Iaiaaeaeiaio”, “Ia?eaoeia”, “Iaiaaeaeiaio
i?aei?e?inoaa”, “No?aoaa?/iee iaiaaeaeiaio”, a oaeiae i?e aeeiiaii?
eo?niaeo, aeeieiiieo oa iaa?noa?nueeeo ?ia?o.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. I?aaenoaaeaia aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ?
caaa?oaiei iaoeiaei aeine?aeaeaiiyi o ?ic?iaoe? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae?. Aeniiaee, iieiaeaiiy oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ui
i?noyoueny a ?iaio?, io?eiai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii oeyoii ocaaaeueiaiiy oa
aiae?co oai?aoe/iiai ? i?aeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo c aeei?enoaiiyi
noaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a, ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? oi?aiaeo i?aei?e?inoa
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?, a oaeiae ?acoeueoao?a iieooaaiue ea??aiee?a oa
niaoe?ae?no?a i?aei?e?inoa, ui i?iaaaeai? aaciina?aaeiuei aeena?oaioii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i?
?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
2 iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo AeiiAeOAO (o 1997-1998 ?ieao), ia iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? o E??iaia?aaenueeiio ?inoeooo? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy (o 1998 ?ioe?), ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo o Neia’yiia??nueeo
(o 1998 ?ioe?), ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe??
AeiiAeOAO (o 1998 ?ioe?). Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aeei?enoai? i?e
aeeiiaii? aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie “Iiaee ci?no oa iaoiaeeea aeeeaaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo aeenoeeie?i a oi?aiaeo AOCao c o?aooaaiiyi aeiia ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee” (A-95-?), a oaeiae i?e ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo iaa/aeueieo eo?n?a a
iaaeao i?aeia?iaeiiai i?iaeoo TEMPUS (TACIS) T-JEP ? 10030-95 “?ic?iaea
o/aiaiai ieaio c aeeoo?caeaoii? aeiiii?ee”.

Cai?iiiiiaai? aaoi?ii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? oa iaoiaeeee ooaaeai? oa
aeei?enoiaothoueny AO “O??ia Iaae?”, Aeiiaoeueeith Oi?aiai-i?iieneiaith
iaeaoith, i?i ui na?ae/aoue aeia?aeee i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 14 ?ia?o
caaaeueiei ianyaii 6,05 ae?.a?e., c yeeo aaoi?o iniaenoi iaeaaeeoue 2,93
ae?.a?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeaa’youeio i?ae?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a caaaeueiei ianyaii 143
noi?., ye? i?noyoue 13 oaaeeoeue, 23 ?enoiee (ianyaii 22 noi?.), nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?ioi?iaoe?? c 117 iaeiaioaaiue ianyaii 10 noi?.,
14 aeiaeaoe?a ianyaii 50 noi?.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii iaoo
oa caaea/?, aeeeaaeaii iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

Ia?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? “Oi?aae?iiy ?eieiaei ?aoi?ioaaiiyi oi?a?ae?
ia iniia? eiioeaioe?? noaeiai ?icaeoeo” i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy nooiino? oa cia/aiiy noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae? a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee.

Neeaaeiaith /anoeiith oa oiiaith aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy aenooia? i?ioean
o?ainoi?iaoe??, ui iaceaa?oueny ia?ao?aeiith aeiiii?eith, ci?no yeiai
iiaeia aecia/eoe ye cai?io no?aoaa?/iiai iai?yieo ?icaeoeo, i?eioeei?a
oa iaoai?ci?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie. Iniiaiith ?enith
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee ? i?ioean ?aaeeeaeueii? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? a
oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? oeueiai neiaa. Iacaaiee i?ioean ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye
?aaeoe?th aeiiii?ee ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo i?eioeei?a ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? ? ye aieiaio i?iaeaio, ae??oaiiy yei? aecia/eoue
aeiaaino?ieia? ia?niaeoeae aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?i c ia?ao?aeiith
aeiiii?eith.

Iaeaaaeeea?oith noa?ith aeiiii?ee, ui ni?ey? noaiiaeaiith oa ?icaeoeo
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, ? oi?a?aey ye cina?aaeaeaiiy oa ia?aieaoaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo ? nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a. Cae?eniaiiy oi?a?aeath aeiiii?/ieo
ca’yce?a i?ae aaeocyie ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, aaeineiiaeaiiy
niiaeeaaiiy ni?aaey? aieea ia caaacia/aiiy aeia?iaooo, iio?aa ?
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy. Aecia/aiiy aca?iica’yceo iaoe ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae? ?
iaoe ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio aea? iiaeeea?noue ni?yioaaoe coneeey oi?aiaaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoa ia ?ica’ycaiiy iaeaaaeeea?oeo aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai.

Oi?a?aey, yea ci???ioiaaia ia?aaeon?i ia ?ioa?ane niiaeeaa/a, ae??oo?
aaaaoi nioe?aeueieo caaea/, ye? i?noyoue oi?ioaaiiy oa noaa?e?caoe?th
niiaeea/iai ?eieo aeey caaeiaieaiiy nioe?aeueieo iio?aa ? cieaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii? iai?oae o noni?euenoa?, caeeoa?oueny aeeoo?caeaoiith oa
?icaeaa?oueny o aeeiai?/ieo aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao. Noaeei ?icaeoeii
oi?a?ae? ? oaeee, ui a?aoiao? aeiiii?/i? oa nioe?aeuei? iaiaaeaiiy, ye?
ni?yiiaai? ia aa?iii?caoe?th a?aeiia?aeieo ia?aiao??a ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei. Caaaeaiiyie noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae? ? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oa
aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy, iineeaiiy nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a a aeiiii?/iiio
?icaeoeo, caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa a?iiaaeyi a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei.

Aeoea?caoe?y i?ioean?a, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo iaoeiooue ciiao i?iyaeoeny
iniaeeaino? noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae? – caeaoi?noue aaeoc? caeeoaoeny
aeeoo?caeaoiith a aeeiai?/ieo aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao, i?aeaeuaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino? oi?a?ae?, i?aaiaiiy aaeoc? aei
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, i???ioaoe?y ia ?iiaaoe??, iie?auaiiy yeino? oi?aiaeo
iineoa a i??o caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo – i?ecaaaea aei no?eei? ae?yeueiino?
oi?a?ae? oa, a iiaeaeueoiio, aei noaeiai ?icaeoeo.

Oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?a?ae? ye neeaaeiai? /anoeie ?eieiai?
nenoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy aeicaieeei nenoaiaoecoaaoe oi?ie oi?aae?iiy
oi?a?aeath, ?icaeoie yeeo a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee ni?ey?
cieaeaiith ?eceeo ao?aoe aeeoo?caeaoiino? oi?a?ae?. Iniaeeaa oaaaa
iaaeaia ?icaeoeo iicaiaaaceiieo iaoiae?a ianeoaiaoaaiiy,
aeeaa?neo?eaoe?? ??cieo aeae?a i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? oi?aiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa, iai?yii? ?ioaa?aoe?? i?iieneiai? oa oi?aiaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? ia eiio?aeoi?e iniia?.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? nooiino? ?eieiaiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy
oi?a?ae? aoee aeae?eai? noa`?eoe oa ia`?eoe oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii
oi?a?ae?. Aei noa`?eo?a a?aeianai? iin?? aeiiii?/ieo oa nioe?aeueieo
?ioa?an?a, a yeino? yeeo iiaeooue aenooiaoe aea?aeaai? i?aaie oi?aae?iiy
oi?a?aeath, ?aa?iiaeuei? oa a?aeii/? i?aaie oi?aae?iiy oi?aiaeie
i?aei?e?inoaaie ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?, aei ia`?eo?a – oi?aiaaeuei?
i?aei?e?inoaa oa i?aai?caoe?? ??cieo aeae?a oa oi?i aeaniino?. Aieiaiith
iciaeith, yea a?ae??ciy? noa`?eoe oa ia`?eoe oi?aae?iiy noaeiai
?icaeoeo oi?a?ae? ? oa, ui aiie aenooiathoue iin?yie ? niiaeeaa/aie
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ia?aiao?e noaeiai ?icaeoeo. Oea aeicaiey? a?aoiaoaaoe
oiiae ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua, ui ci?ith?oueny, i?iaiaeeoe
naiiae?aaiinoeeo ? ?ic?iaeyoe a?aeiia?aeio no?aoaa?th oi?aae?iiy.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “Aeine?aeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae?”
i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy iieaciee?a noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae?,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae? a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee, ?icaeyaeaii i?aai?caoe?eio no?oeoo?o oi?aae?iiy,
ui aeicaieeei c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee.

??ciiiai?ooy aeanoeainoae ? iciae ??cieo aeae?a
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ? eiia?oe?eii? ae?yeueiino? oi?aiaiai
i?aei?e?inoaa iaoiiaeth? ??ciiiai?ooy iieaciee?a, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aeiiae aei noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae?. ?ic?iaeaia
aaoi?ii eiiieaenia nenoaia iieaciee?a noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae?
aeicaieeea aecia/eoe iniiai? iieacieee, ci?ia yeeo ? iiaeeea?noue aieeao
ia oe? ci?ie aecia/athoue ea?iaai?noue ?icaeoeii oi?aiaiai
i?aei?e?inoaa: ae?iai?ea oiaa?iiai?ioo; aeeiai?ea a?ae?aooaaiue ia
ae?iaie/ee ? nioe?aeueiee ?icaeoie, iaoa??aeueia noeioethaaiiy;
iieacieee o?iainiai? no?eeino? oi?aiaaeueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa;
nioe?aeueiee aoaeo.

Ia noaeee ?icaeoie oi?a?ae? ni?aaey? aieea nenoaia ??ciiiai?oieo
/eiiee?a, ui oi?iothoue ?eieiaa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia na?aaeiaeua, a
yeiio ooieoe?iiothoue oi?aiaaeuei? i?aei?e?inoaa. Noaiiaeaiiy oeueai
na?aaeiaeua o aaeeeiio nooiaith caeaaeeoue a?ae oiai, ye a?iiaaeyia
?icoi?thoue iaiao?aei?noue oa ni?eeiathoue o?oaeiiu? ia?ao?aeii?
aeiiii?ee. Aecia/eoe a?aeiioaiiy aei ?eieo aeicaieeei aieaoia
ianoaaeaiiy, ui aoei i?iaaaeaii a i?ioean? aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ii??aiyeueiee “ii?o?ao” ?eieo aoa io?eiaiee ia i?aenoaa?
aieaooaaiiy 570 ?aniiiaeaio?a o ??cieo nioe?aeueieo aa?noaao. A
?acoeueoao? iieooaaiiy c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui niinoa??aa?oueny ae?acia
caaaeueia ?icoi?iiy ?eieo ye nenoaie, yea aaea neeaeanue, ? oiio ia
ia?oee ieai aeoiaeyoue iiiyooy, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?iaeaie aaea
?icaeiaiiai ?eieo, i?iaeaie noaeiai ?icaeoeo.

Ia oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?? noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?aiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa
aieeaathoue ??ciiiai?oi? /eiieee, ye? noai?ththoue ciai?oi?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio ooieoe?iiothoue
i?aei?e?inoaa. I?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua
oi?aiaaeueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa aeioe?eueii ii/eiaoe c ?icaeyaeo i?e?iaee
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. ?acoeueoaoaie oaeiai iiia?aaeiueiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? caaaeuei? no?aoaa?/i? aeniiaee: /e ? ioi/oth/a
na?aaeiaeua caiaaeoi i?ieeaei aeey neeaaeaiiy i?iaiic?a, ye? iiaeeeaino?
? /e ? caa?ica aeey i?aei?e?inoaa.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? aiae?co ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?iaiaeeoueny
aeine?aeaeaiiy /eiiee?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia aeiiii?eo e?a?ie, a oe?eiio,
ui aeicaiey? aecia/eoe nooi?iue noeoiiiai aieeao ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a
ia aeiiii?eo, aca?iica’ycie i?ae ieie.

O?ao?i aoaiii aiae?co ? aecia/aiiy aieeao /eiiee?a ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua ia oni?oio ae?yeuei?noue oi?aiaeo i?aei?e?inoa. A
?acoeueoao? iieooaaiue ea??aiee?a oa niaoe?ae?no?a ??ciiiai?oieo
oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa (anueiai 124 ?aniiiaeaioe) aeyaeaii /eiieee,
ui a?aeiinyoueny aei ?ic?iaee no?aoaa?? noaeiai ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa
(aeea. ?en. 1).

A?aeiia?ae? ?aniiiaeaio?a na?ae/aoue, ui iaeaaaeeea?oei /eiieeii aeey
caaacia/aiiy noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae? ? aeeoo?aee ??aaiue ianaeaiiy
(51,5% c 100%), aeae? eaea ?icaeoie nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e (22,6%),
ye?noue noaio iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua (13,4%) oa ?icaeoie
?ioi?iaoe?eieo eiioi?eaoe?e (12,5%).

1 — ?icaeoie nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e

2 — ye?noue noaio iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua

3 — aeeoo?aee ??aaiue ianaeaiiy

4 — ?icaeoie ?ioi?iaoe?eieo eiioi?eaoe?e

?en.1. ?iciiae?eaiiy /eiiee?a, ye? iathoue aieea ia noaeee ?icaeoie
oi?a?ae? (?oiaia? aeai? iieooaaiiy)

Ia /aoaa?oiio aoai? aiae?co ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua aea/athoueny
/eiieee, ui cae?eniththoue aieea ia eiieo?aioicaeaoi?noue oi?aiaiai
i?aei?e?inoaa, oiaoi i?iaaaeaiiy i`yoeoaeoi?iiai aiae?co Ii?oa?a, yeee
aei neo i?? a iiae?aieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ia canoiniaoaaany.

Nenoaiaoecaoe?y oiia, ye? oi?iothoue noaeee ?icaeoie oi?a?ae?, aieeaa?
ia noai?aiiy iaiao?aeieo iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ia?aaeoiia iioei?caoe??
aieeao ea?oth/eo noa’?eo?a ia oeae i?ioean ? ?ic?iaee aoaeoeaieo
iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy.

I???ioaoe?y ia noaeee ?icaeoie, yeee a?aecia/aii a no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo
i?aei?e?inoaa, ia?aaeaa/a? nenoaii? ci?ie, ui oi?eathoueny an?o noi??i
ae?yeueiino?. Iaeiei c iniiaieo iai?yie?a no?aoaa?/ieo ci?i ?
i?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a i?aei?e?inoaa, yea oi?io?oueny i?ae aieeaii
aea?aii? no?aoaa??, ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, oaoiieia?? ?iaioe ?
iiaaae?iee i?aoe?aiee?a.

A i?ioean? ?iaioe aaoi? i?ia?a aiae?c i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo?
oi?aae?iiy 30 ??ciiiai?oieo oi?aiaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa Aeiiaoeueei?
iaeano?, yeee iaaeae? aoa aeei?enoaiee aeey ?ic?iaee caoiae?a ii ?o
?aoi?ioaaiith. Aiae?c iieacaa iaiao?aei?noue ci?i i?aeoe/ii o an?o
a?aeae?eao aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?aei?e?inoa. Aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue a
?ai?aai?caoe?? e?i?eii-ooieoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy, yea ?
iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeaiith, a no?oeoo?o, yea caaacia/o? nenoaiiee
i?aeo?ae aei oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii, i???ioaoe?th ?iaioe on?o eaiie
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ia ia?eaoeia, ia iio?aae niiaeeaa/?a. A ?acoeueoao?
cai?noue aei?noei? ???a?o?? iiaeii? aeieeiooe i?ae?icae?ee, ui
ciaoiaeyoueny o naiino?eiiio a?yaeoaaii? ? ye? ooieoe?iiothoue a iaaeao
cae??ieaiiai ca ieie i?ioeano.

C oe?eeth aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy oi?a?aeath a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei iaiao?aei? ci?ie o ooieoe?yo oi?aae?iiy, iniaeeai
ieaioaaii?, yea iiaeiii cae?enithaaoenue ia aac? aeeaieeo ia?eaoeiaiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue ?eieo. Oi?aiaaeueiei i?aei?e?inoaai iaiao?aeii eiiieaenii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?acoeueoaoe ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino?, iniaeeai? oaaae
i?eae?eyoe ?ic?iaoe? no?aoaa?? noaeiai ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa ia aac?
ia?eaoeiaiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, yea iiaeiia i?aeaeueoe aeeoo?caeaoi?noue
i?aei?e?inoaa.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Iiaeaethaaiiy oa aoaeoeai?noue nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae?” ?icaeyaea?oueny ?icaeoie iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy
oi?a?aeath, iniaeeaino? iiaeaethaaiiy nenoai oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii
oi?a?ae?, i?iaeaie aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii
oi?a?ae?.

Iieacieee noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae? ? oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia
oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?? noaeiai ?icaeoeo aeicaieeee aecia/eoe i?eioeeie
oi?ioaaiiy noaeiai ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa, aeae?eeoe i??i?eoaoi? oe?e? ?
aecia/eoe iaoiaee ?o aeinyaiaiiy.

I?e aecia/aii? i?eioeei?a oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?? noaeiai ?icaeoeo
oi?aiaaeueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? aa?iii?caoe?y
nioe?aeueieo, aeiiii?/ieo ? ?ano?nieo ia?aiao??a ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa.
Oi?a?aey, i???iooth/enue a nai?? ae?yeueiino? ia?aaeon?i ia ?ioa?ane
iieoioey, ae??oo? aaaaoi nioe?aeueieo caaea/, aei yeeo iaeaaeaoue
oi?ioaaiiy ? noaa?e?caoe?y niiaeea/iai ?eieo aeey caaeiaieaiiy
nioe?aeueieo iio?aa ? cieaeaiiy nioe?aeueiiai iai?oaeaiiy noni?euenoaa.
Aeiiii?/iee noai aecia/a? i??i?eoaoi?noue iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo, ui
a?aeia?aaeaii ia ?en.2.

Iniiaio oe?eue oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae? iiaeia aecia/eoe ye
caaacia/aiiy aenieeo oaii?a ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae?, iioei?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy,
aa?iii?caoe?y ia?aiao??a, ye? oi?iothoue aeiiii?/i? aca?iia?aeiineie
noa’?eo?a oa ia’?eo?a oi?aae?iiy oi?a?aeath, ae??oaiiy nioe?aeueieo
i?iaeai.

I?e i???ioaoe?? oi?aiaaeueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa ia no?aoaa?th noaeiai
?icaeoeo, aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? nenoaia iaoiae?a, ui iaoe?eaia ia eiai
aeinyaiaiiy. Aieiaia oaaaa i?e oeueiio i?eae?ey?oueny ni?yiiaaiino?
ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoai?cio ia ocaiaeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo oa nioe?aeueieo
iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy, aeinyaiaiith ?o aoaeoeaii? aca?iiae?? c
i?aai?caoe?eiith no?oeoo?ith i?aei?e?inoaa, caaeiaieaiith noni?eueieo oa
iniaenoeo iio?aa a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? aeo?aoe ?ano?n?a.

Iniiaiei iai?yieii ?aae?caoe?? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a
oi?aae?iiy ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae? ? oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/ieie ?ioa?anaie ?
/a?ac ?ioa?ane, a ?acoeueoao? /iai iineeth?oueny nioe?aeueia
ni?yiiaai?noue

?en.2. I?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?? noaeiai

?icaeoeo oi?aiaaeueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa

oi?aae?iiy, noai?th?oueny i?oeia nenoaia iioea?a ? noeioe?a aei i?aoe?.
A oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee iioeaaoe?y iiaea ?icaeaaoeny, i?aeoe/ii
ia iath/e iaiaaeaiue, ui ? aieiaiith a?aei?ii?noth a?ae iiia?aaei?o,
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy, ? aeicaiey? i?eionoeoe,
ui ?icaeoie nenoaie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy
oi?a?aeath aoaea ci???ioiaaii ia iiaeaeueoa ni?eeiyooy ?eieiai? nenoaie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy: ainiiaea?nueea naiino?ei?noue oi?aiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ye
oeaio??a ??oaiue; aeiiii?/i? i?eioeeie ainiiaea?thaaiiy;
naiii?aai?caoe?th ? naiioi?aae?iiy ii a?aeiioaiith aei aeueo i?aai?a
oi?aae?iiy oi?a?aeath.

I?ioa, ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiai? i?aai?caoe?? iiaeiai
cae?enithaaoeny c

o?aooaaiiyi caeii?a ae?aeaeoeee. ?noi?e/iee ?icaeoie aeiiii?ee aeiaaa?
ia?aoiaeo aei iiaiai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy, yeee
caeaoai ae??oeoe i?ioe??//y i?ae ?iaeono??aeuei?noth, c iaeiiai aieo,
i?e?iaeith, noni?euenoaii ? ethaeeiith – c ae?oaiai.

Iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee aeae?eeoe ?yae aeaiaio?a, ye?
?ice?eaathoue ci?no iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae?, ye?
eiie?aoecothoue oeth ae?yeuei?noue c a?aooaaiiyi i?aeoe/ieo caaea/.
Iaeaaaeeea?oeie c oeeo aeaiaio?a, ia?aiao??a ? oa?aeoa?enoee ? : oe?eue
nenoaie; ia’?eo ? noa’?eo oi?aae?iiy, ui ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae iino?eiei
aieeaii iiieoo ? i?iiiceoe??; a?oia aeaiaio?a, ye? oi?iothoue i?yiee
?ioi?iaoe?eiee ca’ycie aei ia’?eoo oi?aae?iiy; oaeoi?e, ui
cae?eniththoue aieea ia iniiai? aeaiaioe nenoaie. Aieiai? iai?yiee
aieeao ? ca’yceo i?ae ieie iieacai? ia ?en.3.

?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue nenoaie oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae?
ia?aaeaa/a? aeeiai?/iee oa?aeoa? ? iiaeeea?noue iia?aoeaiiai ?aaaoaaiiy
ia ci?ie oe?eae aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea i?iaiaeeoueny, a oaeiae ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua.

Iiaoaeiaaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue nenoaie oi?aae?iiy noaeei
?icaeoeii oi?a?ae? o aeaeyae? ?ici?/aiiai a?aoo noai?a ia iniia?
?ic?iaeaiiai aeai?eoio iiaoaeiae aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae? i?e canoinoaaii? caniao oe?oiiaiiy
iaae??caeaoieo noai?a oa aeei?enoaii? aeai?eoio ia?aoiaeo a?ae
iaia?eianueeiai i?ioeano aei ia?eianueeiai oeyoii aeiiiaiaiiy eiai
aoaiaie oi?ioaaiiy ?ioaineaiino? ia?aoiaeo i?ae ??ciiiai?oieie noaiaie
a?aoa ? aeiaaaeaiiyi eiai aei ae?th/i? iaoiaeeee. Noai nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae? iieno?oueny aaeoi?ii

(1)

aea A (t) — noaie aeaiaio?a,

iiaeeo?eaoe?y yeiai a /ano ? ? iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae?.

Iiaeaeue ? oi?aa?naeueiith oa iiaea aooe canoiniaaia aei oe?ieiai eiea
aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a. Oea iaoiiaeaii oei, ui o aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaia
i?ioeaaeo?a ia/enethaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a, ye? iaoiiaeththoue
eiiieaen caoiae?a uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy noaeei
?icaeoeii oi?a?ae?. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/eoue, ui ?nio?
iioeiaeueiee /an ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii
oi?a?ae?, ia?aaeuaiiy yeiai ia i?ecaaaea aei c?inoaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? ia’?eoa oi?aae?iiy.

I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy oi?aiaaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth i?yii
iia’ycaia c ?aoe?iiaeueiith i?aai?caoe??th i?aoe? ia i?aei?e?inoaao
aaeoc?. Aiae?c aeaieo iieooaaiiy ea??aiee?a ? oao?aoe?a oi?aiaaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoa Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? iieacaa, ui eeoa 7% i?aei?e?inoa
oe?eani?yiiaaii i?aoeththoue iaae i?aeaeuaiiyi aoaeoeaiino? nai??
ae?yeueiino?, aeei?enoiaoth/e iaoeia? ?ic?iaee e aeai? ca?oiino?. sse
i?aaeei, ?acoeueoaoii aenooiathoue iai?yiee aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii, ye? aeeth/athoue caoiaee uiaei ci?ie no?oeoo?e
oi?aae?iiy, iie?ioaiiy aeei?enoaiiy iai?ioieo eioo?a, i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
i?iiiiiaaii? i?iaeoeoe??. I?e?iaeii, ui a?aenooi?noue ?iaioe ii
iie?ioaiith aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe ia a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa oi?a?ae? ia
iiaea i?ecaanoe aei aeinyaiaiith noaeiai ?icaeoeo, ?, ioaea,
iaiao?aeiith ? ?ic?iaea eiiieaenieo ieai?a ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa, ye?
aeeth/athoue iai?yiee e caoiaee uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
oi?aae?iiy.

I?aei?e?inoaai, ye? i???ioothoueny ia aeinyaiaiiy o ia?niaeoea? noaeiai
?icaeoeo, cai?iiiiiaaii i??i?eoaoi? iai?yiee ii i?aeaeuaiith
aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy: aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy; ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oi?i ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae?;
aaeineiiaeaiiy aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a; iie?ioaiiy iaoiaee/iiai,
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy; aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe? aia?aoo oi?aae?iiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe??
i?aoe?aiee?a.

AENIIAEE

Aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae? a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee, a oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaiiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae?
aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee.

1. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oi?a?aey ? iaeaaaeeea?oith aaeoccth ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa, ui ni?ey? noaiiaeaiith ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, oa iiaea a
iaeaeeae/iio iaeaooiueiio aeinyaiooe iiceoeaieo c?ooaiue a iai?yieo
noaeiai ?icaeoeo.

2. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii iiaee nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci
oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae?, yeee aea? iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaee
no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy oi?aiaaeueiei i?aei?e?inoaii ia iniia?
aa?iii?caoe?? nioe?aeueieo oa aeiiii?/ieo ia?aiao??a, iniaeeainoae
ciai?oiuei? na?aaee, ocaiaeaeaiiy ?ioa?an?a iieoioe?a, aeaniee?a oa
i?aoe?aiee?a oi?aiaeo i?aei?e?inoa.

3. ?ic?iaeaia oa ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aeey i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenia
nenoaia iniiaieo iieaciee?a ioe?iee noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae?, ui
aeicaiey? aecia/eoe aeeoo?caeaoi?noue oi?aiaaeueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa,
nai?/anii anoaiiaeoe iaaaoeai? i?ioeane, ye? aeieeathoue a aaeoc?.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?? oi?aiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa ioiieth?
aeae?eueea aoai?a: ??aaiue aeaeeaaiiy, noaa?eueia ae?yeuei?noue, noaeee
?icaeoie.

5. ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue nenoaie oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii
oi?aiaaeueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa, yea aeicaiey? ioe?ithaaoe ?acoeueoaoe
ae?yeueiino?, iaa?oiooaaoe eiiieaen caoiae?a ii caaacia/aiith
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao
/eiiee?a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a a i?aai?caoe?? i?aei?e?iieoeueei?
ae?yeueiino?.

6. Iiaoaeiaaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue nenoaie oi?aae?iiy noaeei
?icaeoeii oi?a?ae? ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaiiai aeai?eoio.

7. Cai?iiiiiaaii oi?ie ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae?, ye? a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii?
aeiiii?ee ni?eythoue cieaeaiith ?eceeo ao?aoe aeeoo?caeaoiino? oi?a?ae?.

8. Iaaaaeaia iaoiaeeea aiae?co ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua oi?aiaaeueiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa ia iniia? aiae?oe/ieo i?ioeaaeo? ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aei
aeei?enoaiiy i?aaiai oi?aae?iiy oi?a?aeath aeey ?ic?iaee no?aoaa??
noaeiai ?icaeoeo.

9. Aecia/aii ia?aaaae i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oi?aiaaeueiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa, ui i???ioiaaia ia aeinyaiaiiy noaeiai ?icaeoeo oa
?ic?iaeaia ia iniia? eiiieaenii? ioe?iee ?iaioe i?ae?icae?e?a
i?aei?e?inoaa.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey iioei?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy oi?a?aeath a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee iaiao?aei? ci?ie a i?aai?caoe?? oa oaoi?oe?
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaaie. ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aaeineiiaeeoe
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?eioeei?a oeaio?ae?caoe?? ? aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?? a
i?aai?caoe?ei?e no?oeoo?? c a?aeiia?aeiei ?iciaaeoaaiiyi ooieoe?e, i?aa
oa a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? i?ae?icae?e?a, eiiieaenii aeei?enoiaoaaoe
ia?eaoeiaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iaoiaee ia?eaoeiaiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy aeeoo?caeaoiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.

?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy noaeei
?icaeoeii oi?a?ae? ?aeiiaiaeothoueny aei aeei?enoaiiy o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? aeiiii?/ieie aeueie o/aiaeie caeeaaeaie i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?n?a
c oi?aae?iiy oi?a?aeath.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe

CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Aeeyeiiiaa I.A. Oneiaey, aeeythuea ia iieacaoaee onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey
oi?aiaee. // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Na??y “Aeiiii?ea”,
?87(154) — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998. — n.38-48 — 0,6 ae?.a?e.

Ae?yeiiiaa I.A. ?ieue oi?a?ae? a ?aae?c?oe?? eiioeaioe?? noaeiai
?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. // No?ae-1998. — ?6 — n.24-26 — 0,5 ae?.a?e.

Ae?yeiiiaa I.A. I?iaeaie aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii
oi?a?ae?. // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Na??y “Aeiiii?ea”,
?94(161) — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998. — n.88-97 — 0,5 ae?.a?e.

Aeeyeiiiaa I.A. Aiaoiayeiiiie/aneea nayce ?aaeiia e yeiiiie/aneia
?acaeoea ?aaeiia. // I?iaeaie ?icaeoeo ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo ca`yce?a oa
caeo/aiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e: ?aa?iiaeueiee aniaeo.Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. — Aeiiaoeuee:OIA “Eaa?aeue”, EI “?aa?ii”,1998. — n.268-270 —
0,3 ae?.a?e.

Ae?yeiiiaa I.A. Aeiiii?/i? oiiae oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie
aea?aeaaiiai?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. // Oi?a?aey ? ?eiie Oe?a?ie.
Oaiaoe/iee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c i?iaeai oi?a?ae? oa a?iiaaenueeiai
oa?/oaaiiy.-Aeiiaoeuee:OIA “E?O?N”, 1998. — n.221-225 — 0,2 ae?.a?e.

Eino?oaa A.A., Aeeyeiiiaa I.A. ?aioaaaeueiinoue eae iieacaoaeue ?acaeoey
oi?aiaiai i?aaei?eyoey. // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Na??y
“Aeiiii?ea”, ?30(97) — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998. — n.45-48 — 0,25
ae?.a?e. (iniaenoi aaoi?a — 0,1 ae?.a?e.)

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aeaii aecia/aiiy ?aioaaaeueiino? ye aeiiii?/ii?
eaoaai???, aecia/ai? i?iaeaie iieacieea ??aiy ?aioaaaeueiino?, ui
aaeeaa?oueny ia i?aei?e?inoaao.

Ae?yeiiiaa I.A. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee noai ?aa?iio oa i?iaeaie
?icaeoeo oi?a?aaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa. // Oi?a?aey ? ?eiie Oe?a?ie.
Oaiaoe/iee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c i?iaeai oi?a?ae? oa a?iiaaenueeiai
oa?/oaaiiy.-Aeiiaoeuee:OIA “Eaa?aeue”, 1997. — 0,1 ae?.a?e.

Onoie/eaia ?acaeoea yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu: aunoay oeiea a iieneao iiauo
iiaeaeae (nai?iee iaoa?eaeia). ?acaeae 3. Niaea?aeaoaeueiua aniaeou
o/aaiiai ieaia ii yeiiiie/aneie onoie/eainoe. // Aeiiaoee,1998. — 3
ae?.a?e. (iniaenoi aaoi?a — 0,1 ae?.a?e.)

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aecia/ai? i?iaeaie eo?no “Iina?aaeieoeoai
noni?eueii? aeeoo?caeaoiino?”.

9. Aeeyeiiiaa I.A. Oaiaeaioeee onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey yeiiiieee
a ?aaeiiaeueiie oi?aiaea. // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Na??y
“Aeiiii?ea” ?20(87) — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,1998. — n.46-48 — 0,1 ae?.a?e.

10. Aeeyeiiiaa I.A. Oi?aaeaiea i?ioeannii onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey oi?aiaee:
iniiaiay oeaeue e caaea/e. // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Na??y
“Aeiiii?ea” ?30(97) — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,1998. — n.43-45 — 0,1 ae?.a?e.

11. Ae?yeiiiaa I. Iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae? a oiiaao aeeoo?caeaoii?
aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio. // Aeaiia?ao?y, aeiiii?ea i?aoe? oa nioe?aeueia
iie?oeea: Oaoiaee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. — Aei. 5. *.2 — E??iaia?aae:
E?NI, 1998. — n. 209-210 — 0,1 ae?.a?e.

Ae?yeiiiaa I.A. ?ic?iaea iaa/aeueiiai eo?no “Iina?aaeieoeoai noni?eueii?
aeeoo?caeaoiino?” ye ?aae?caoe?y eiioeaioe?? noaeiai ?icaeoeo a nenoai?
aeui? ina?oe Oe?a?ie. // Nai?iee iao/iuo aeieeaaeia iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Onoie/eaia ?acaeoea no?ai n
ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieeie”. — Aeiiaoee: AeAEE, 1998. — n.95-96 — 0,1
ae?.a?e.

Ae?yeiiiaa I.A. I?iaeaie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy
oi?aiaaeueiei i?aei?e?inoaii // Oi?a?aey ? ?eiie Oe?a?ie. Oaiaoe/iee
ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c i?iaeai oi?a?ae? oa a?iiaaenueeiai
oa?/oaaiiy.-Aeiiaoeuee:OIA “Eaa?aeue”, 1998. — n.133-134 — 0,1 ae?.a?e.

Ae?yeiiiaa I.A., Aa?aiiaa I.A., Einoaiei I.A. ?iaanoeoe?eia
ae?yeuei?noue o noa?? oi?a?ae? a oiiaao ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio.
// Oi?a?aey ? ?eiie Oe?a?ie. Oaiaoe/iee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c
i?iaeai oi?a?ae? oa a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy. — Aeiiaoeuee:OIA
“Eaa?aeue”, 1998. -n.129-130 — 0,1 ae?.a?e. (iniaenoi aaoi?a -0,03
ae?.a?e.)

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aecia/ai? i?e/eie aeoeaiiai ?iaanooaaiiy
oi?a?ae? c aieo ca?oa?aeieo ?iaanoi??a.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ae?yeiiiaa I.A. Oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae? a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.02 – i?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa
ia?eaoeia. – Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao aeiiii?ee ? oi?a?ae?,
Aeiiaoeuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii oi?aae?iith noaeei ?icaeoeii
oi?a?ae?. ?icaeyiooa nooi?noue oi?aae?iiy ?eieiaei ?aoi?ioaaiiyi
oi?a?ae? ia iniia? eiioeaioe?? noaeiai ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee, aecia/ai?
iniiai? iniaeeaino? noaeiai ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae?. ?ic?iaeaii iaoai?ci
oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae?. Cai?iiiiiaai? iai?yiee
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo no?oeoo? i?aei?e?inoa
oi?a?ae?. Iaa?oioiaaia iiaeaeue nenoaie oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii
oi?aiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? a
i?aeoeeo oi?aiaeo i?aei?e?inoa Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oi?aae?iiy noaeei ?icaeoeii oi?a?ae?, oi?ie i?aai?caoe??
oi?a?ae?, i?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a, no?aoaa?y ?icaeoeo oi?aiaaeueiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa.

Aeeyeiiiaa I.A. Oi?aaeaiea onoie/eaui ?acaeoeai oi?aiaee a oneiaeyo
ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.02 — i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, iaiaaeaeiaio e
ia?eaoeia. — Aeiiaoeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao yeiiiieee e
oi?aiaee, Aeiiaoee, 1999.

Oeaeueth aeenna?oaoeeiiiiai enneaaeiaaiey yaeyaony oai?aoe/aneia
iainiiaaiea iiaie iaoiaeieiaee oi?aaeaiey oi?aiaeae ia iniiaa
eiioeaioeee onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey, i?aaeoniao?eaathuae iioeiecaoeeth
ia?aiao?ia, oi?ie?othueo iaoaieci yeiiiie/aneeo acaeiiioiioaiee
noauaeoia e iauaeoia oi?aaeaiey, ai?iae?iaaiiue a ?aaeueiuo oneiaeyo
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey oi?aiaiai i?aaei?eyoey.

Iao/ii iainiiaaiu oai?aoe/aneea iieiaeaiey onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey
oi?aiaee, onoaiiaeaiu iniiaiua iniaaiiinoe onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey oi?aiaee
a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee: niiniaiinoue io?anee inoaaaoueny
aeecianiiniaiie a aeeiaie/iuo yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaeyo, iiauoaiea
eiaanoeoeeiiiie i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoe oi?aiaee, no?aieaiea io?anee e
naiioi?aaeaieth, i?eaioaoeey ia eiiiaaoeee, oeo/oaiea ea/anoaa oi?aiauo
oneoa ii ia?a oaeiaeaoai?aiey ni?ina.

?ac?aaioaia nenoaia noauaeoia e iauaeoia oi?aaeaiey onoie/eaui ?acaeoeai
oi?aiaee, aeaaiui ioee/eoaeueiui i?eciaeii eioi?uo yaeyaony oi, /oi iie
aunooiatho iineoaeyie e iio?aaeoaeyie eioi?iaoeee i ia?aiao?ao
onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey, iicaieythuae o/eouaaoue oneiaey eciaiythuaeny
?uii/iie n?aaeu, i?iaiaeeoue naiiaeeaaiinoeeo e au?aaaouaaoue
niioaaonoaothuoth no?aoaaeth oi?aaeaiey.

Oai?aoe/aneia enneaaeiaaiea oi?aiaee, eae iaeiie ec aaaeiaeoeo
ninoaaeythueo ?uii/iie nenoaiu oicyenoaiaaiey, iicaieeei
nenoaiaoece?iaaoue e i?aaeeiaeeoue aeecianiiniaiua oi?iu oi?aiaee a
ia?aoiaeiii ia?eiaea. Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeaii ?acaeoeth aiaiaaaceiiuo
iaoiaeia ianeoaeeaaiey, aeeaa?neoeeaoeee ?acee/iuo aeaeia
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe oi?aiauo i?aaei?eyoee, iai?yiie
eioaa?aoeee i?iiuoeaiiie e oi?aiaie aeayoaeueiinoe ia eiio?aeoiie
iniiaa.

I?eaaaeaia eiiieaeniay nenoaia iniiaiuo iieacaoaeae onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey
oi?aiaee, eciaiaiea eioi?uo e aiciiaeiinoue aeeyiey ia yoe eciaiaiey
ii?aaeaeytho oi?aaeyaiinoue ?acaeoeai oi?aiaiai i?aaei?eyoey..

Ia iniiaa nenoaiaoecaoeee oaeoi?ia, aeeythueo ia onoie/eaia ?acaeoea
oi?aiaee, ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea enneaaeiaaiey aiaoiae n?aaeu oi?aiaiai
i?aaei?eyoey.

Iieacaoaee onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey oi?aiaee e oaeoi?u, aeeythuea ia
oi?ie?iaaiea no?aoaaee onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey, iicaieeee ii?aaeaeeoue
i?eioeeiu oi?ie?iaaiey no?aoaaee onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey i?aaei?eyoey,
iaicia/eoue i?ei?eoaoiua oeaee e ii?aaeaeeoue iaoiaeu eo aeinoeaeaiey.

Iniiaiui iai?aaeaieai ?aaeecaoeee nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo iaoiaeia
oi?aaeaiey onoie/eaui ?acaeoeai oi?aiaee yaeyaony oi?aaeaiea
yeiiiie/aneeie eioa?anaie e /a?ac eioa?anu, a ?acoeueoaoa /aai
oneeeaaaony nioeeaeueiay iai?aaeaiiinoue oi?aaeaiey, nicaeaaony iiuiay
nenoaia iioeaia e noeioeia e o?oaeo.

I?aaeeiaeai iioeiaeueiue aeey nia?aiaiiuo yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee iaoaieci oi?aaeaiey onoie/eaui ?acaeoeai
oi?aiaee, ?ac?aaioaia i?aaiecaoeeiiiay no?oeoo?a oi?aaeaiey oi?aiaui
i?aaei?eyoeai, eioi?ia i?eaioe?oaony ia onoie/eaia ?acaeoea.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aeey iioeiecaoeee oi?aaeaiey oi?aiaeae a oneiaeyo
ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee iaiaoiaeeiu eciaiaiey a i?aaiecaoeee e oaoieea
oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeyie. ?aeiiaiaeoaony oniaa?oainoaiaaoue niioiioaiea
i?eioeeiia oeaio?aeecaoeee e aeaoeaio?aeecaoeee a i?aaiecaoeeiiiie
no?oeoo?a n niioaaonoaothuei ?aca?aie/aieai ooieoeee, i?aa e
ioaaonoaaiiinoe iiae?acaeaeaiee, eiiieaenii eniieueciaaoue ia?eaoeiaiaua
enneaaeiaaiey e iaoiaeu ia?eaoeiaiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioa aeey iiauoaiey
aeecianiiniaiinoe i?aaei?eyoey.

Iieo/aia e iainiiaaia iiaeaeue nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey onoie/eaui ?acaeoeai
oi?aiaiai i?aaei?eyoey a aeaea ?acia/aiiiai a?aoa ninoiyiee ia iniiaa
?ac?aaioaiiiai aeai?eoia.

I?aaei?eyoeyi, i?eaioe?othueiny ia aeinoeaeaiea a ia?niaeoeaa
onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey, i?aaeeiaeaiu i?ei?eoaoiua iai?aaeaiey ii
iiauoaieth yooaeoeaiinoe nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey.

I?aaeeiaeaiiua aaoi?ii ?aeiiaiaeaoeee e iaoiaeeee iaeia?aiu e
eniieuecothony oi?aiauie i?aaei?eyoeyie Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoe, Aeiiaoeeie
oi?aiai-i?iiuoeaiiie iaeaoie.

?acoeueoaou aeenna?oaoeeiiiiai enneaaeiaaiey iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu a
o/aaiii i?ioeanna i?e i?aiiaeaaaiee aeenoeeieei: “Oi?aaeaiea
i?aaei?eyoeyie oi?aiaee”, “Iaiaaeaeiaio”, “Ia?eaoeia”, “Iaiaaeaeiaio
i?aaei?eyoey”, No?aoaae/aneee iaiaaeaeiaio”, i?e auiieiaiee eo?niauo,
aeeieiiiuo e iaaenoa?neeo ?aaio.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oi?aaeaiea onoie/eaui ?acaeoeai oi?aiaee, oi?iu
i?aaiecaoeee oi?aiaee, i?aaiecaoeeiiiay no?oeoo?a, no?aoaaey ?acaeoey
oi?aiaiai i?aaei?eyoey.

Diyakonova O.V. Management of sustainable trade development in the
conditions of transition economy. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate’s degree by speciality 08.06.02. —
Enterpreneurship, management and marketing — Donetsk State University of
Economiks and Trade, 1999.

Dissertation contains results of the theoretical and practical research
and recommendation about management of sustainable trade development.
The essence of the administration of market of trade on the base of the
conception of the sustainable development of economy is considered and
the mane regularities of the sustainable development of the trade is
determined. The mechanism of the management of sustainable trade
development was worked out. The directions of perfection of the
organizational and functional structures of trade enterprises are
proposed. The author offered the model of the management of sustainable
trade development. The results of the research were inculcated in
practice of the trade enterprises of the Donetsk region.

The key words: management of sustainable trade development, forms of the
trade administration, organizational structure, strategy of the
enterprise development.

Noaeee

?icaeoie

Noaa?eueia

ae?yeuei?noue

??aaiue

aeaeeaaiiy

1. Aa?iii?caoe?y aeei?enoaiiy

aeiiii?/ieo, iaoa??aeueieo oa

o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a c i???ioaoe??th

ia noaa?eueia c?inoaiiy nioe?aeue- nioe?aeueii?

ii? aoaeoeaiino?

2. Ocaiaeaeaiiy ?ioa?an?a

niiaeeaa/?a, ?ia?oiee?a oa

aeaniee?a i?aei?e?inoaa

3. Caaacia/aiiy i?eaooeiaino?

4. Aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy

iioeiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?eii?

no?oeoo?e ? ?aoe?iiaeueieo

iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy

1. Ocaiaeaeaiiy ?ioa?an?a

niiaeeaa/?a, ?ia?oiee?a oa

aeaniee?a i?aei?e?inoaa

2. Caaacia/aiiy i?eaooeiaino?

3. Aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii?

no?oeoo?e ? iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy

i?aei?e?inoaii

1. Caaacia/aiiy i?eaooeiaino?

2. Ocaiaeaeaiiy ?ioa?an?a

niiaeeaa/?a, ?ia?oiee?a oa

aeaniee?a

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