2

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Aaeaeaiae Iaoae?y Aaea???aia

OAeE 631.15.017.1/3:65.011.4

OI?AAE?IIss ?ACOEUeOAOEAI?NOTH OOIEOe?IIOAAIIss
N?EUeNUeEIAINIIAeA?NUeEEO I?AeI?E?INOA

08.06.02 — i?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa ia?eaoeia

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? Eaa?iaoo
I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aoaeceinueeee Ieaen?e Aeieo?iae/

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo
oa ia?eaoeia

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ca?i/eianueeee Aiaoie?e
Ieaenaiae?iae/ —

Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo

oaoiieia?e, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeiiii?ee

Aoaaiei Aaneeue ?aaiiae/ —
eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa ?

ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa AIE

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee

oi?aa?neoao I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie,

eaoaae?a aa?a?iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo,
i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 27 n?/iy 2000 ?. i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.004.01 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio

oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 03041, Ee?a — 41, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie, 15,

ei?ion 3, aoaeeoi??y 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai

aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 03041, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aa?i?a
iai?iie, 11,

iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 24 “ a?oaeiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A.A.AEaaea

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?eieiaa aeiiii?ea iio?aao? oaei? nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii, yea a?aeiia?aeaoeia ae?iaie/ei a?aeiineiai, ui
neeaeeny, aoaea a?aoiaoaaoe ?o aeeiai?ci, noai?thaaoe oiiae iiaeaeueoiai
?icaeoeo ? caaacia/oaaoeia ae??oaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo oa ?iiiaaoe?eieo
caaaeaiue i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?. Oaea aeiiaa iaoiiaeaia
?icaaeainiaai?noth ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo aaeocae aeiiii?/ii?
ae?yeueiino? Oe?a?ie, iaaea?aaeaioiei iai?iii i?ae ainiiaea?thth/eie
no?oeoo?aie ??cieo aaeocae, noai?aiiyi iiaeo ca aaaaoueia iciaeaie
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue, ci?iith a nenoai? ae?yeueiino? iieiaeaiiy
o?ce/ieo ? th?eaee/ieo in?a, a oaeiae i???ioaoe??th iaiaaeaeiaioo ia
aeiiae ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Anoaiiaeaii, ui e?ioeaaa
?acoeueoaoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo? caeaaeeoue
a?ae ?o i???ioaoe?? ia aeiiae ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. E??i oeueiai,
iaaeaiiy i??i?eoaoiino? niiaeeaa/ai oa ?oiueiio iiieoo ye iniia?
?eieiaiai iaoai?cio iaoiiaeth? iio?aao ci?ieoe nenoaio e?eoa???a ioe?iee
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo oi?ioaaiue. ?nioth/? e?eoa??? ioe?iee
iaaeinoaoiuei a?aoiaothoue aeiiae ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

Ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ? ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei
oaea iaaeinoaoiuei ?icaeyaeaoe ? ioe?ithaaoe ae?yeuei?noue
i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo no?oeoo? ye naiino?eieo th?eaee/ieo in?a c oi/ee ci?o
?? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?. Noni?euei? a?aeiineie, a ye? anooiathoue
i?aei?e?iieoeuee? oi?ioaaiiy, ? aaaaoianiaeoieie. *anoeia ?o ia ioiieaia
nenoaiith aei??thaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ?o ae?yeueiino?, a
/anoeia — ? cian?i ia ia? e?eoa???a ? iciae, ye? aeei?enoiaothoue i?e
oi?ioaaii? iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? i?ioean?a a?aeoai?aiiy.

Oaiaeaioe??, ye? neeaeeny a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee,
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iaiao?aei?noue a iiaiio eiioeaiooaeueiiio i?aeoiae?
aei oi?ioaaiiy nenoai oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii. Ia ia?oiio ieai?
aenooiathoue aeioe?euei?noue ? ?acoeueoaoeai?noue, a iniia? yeeo ?
iiiaio aeciaiiy niiaeeaii? ei?eniino? oiaa??a ? iineoa oa oi?ioaaiiy ?
aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeeainoae caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa niiaeeaa/?a ca?aeii c
ia?aieie naaiaioaie ?eieo. No?aoaa?/iee ? ia?eaoeiaiaee i?aeoiaee
aeiaaathoue oi?ioaaiiy nenoai oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth ye
neeaaeiaeo iaoai?ci?a iaiaaeaeiaioo. Aeina?ae na?oiai? i?aeoeee
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aenieo ae??a?noue oaeeo nenoai.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui a iao?e e?a?i? oae? nenoaie ciaoiaeyoueny ia
noaae?? noaiiaeaiiy. Iaae ?ica’ycaiiyi oeueiai caaaeaiiy i?aoeththoue
iaoeiaoe? ??cieo e?a?i na?oo, o oiio /ene? ? Oe?a?ie. Na?aae ca?oa?aeieo
— oea O?ii Naioaeaeiai, I?oa? Ae?aeea?, Neioo N?ie, a?o/eciyieo —
A.A.Aiae??e/oe, A.I.Aaeooei, A.?.Aie?eia, A.?.Aoaaiei,
I.Ae.Aoaeceinueeee, I.N.Aa?ac?anueeee, E.N.Caaaaenueeee,
A.I.Ca?i/eianueeee, A.A.Eaae??anueeee, I.A.Eiceiaa, I.A.Eiaan,
I.I.Ia?oeiaiei, I.I.Iin?the, I.I.?oniae, ?.A.?aa?iiae/, A.E.Naa/oe,
A.I.O?aaia/oe, O.?.Oi?eue, ?.?.*a?aai, I.I.Oie/ae oa ?io? a/ai?.

?acii c oei oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth ye nenoaiia yaeua ia iaaoei
ianiaiai oa?aeoa?o, a iaoeia? ?ic?iaee c oe??? i?iaeaie iaiaaeothoueny
ae??oaiiyi ie?aieo ieoaiue ? iaaeinoaoiuei ica?iththoue i?aeoeeo
iaiaaeaeiaioo iaiao?aeieie i?ioan?eieie ciaiiyie. Oae? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iio?aaothoue eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy, oai?aoe/iiai ?
iaoiaeieia?/iiai inieneaiiy, ia??oiooaaiiy ? i?aeoe/iiai ao?eaiiy
iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a
iaoiaeieia?/iiio ia??oiooaaii?, ?ic?iaoe? ? ai?iaaaeaeaii? a i?aeoeeo
iaiaaeaeiaioo iaoai?ci?a oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii c oaiaoeeith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: “?ic?iaea ieoaiue iaiaaeaeiaioo
? ia?eaoeiao ia ??cieo ??aiyo AIE a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee” oa
“?ic?iaea iaoeiaeo i?eioeei?a ? iaoiaeieia?? ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy AIE a?aeiia?aeii aei eiioeaioe?? eiai ?icaeoeo” (iiia?e
aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??: 0193U 022571 oa 0196U 001975).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy ? aeiiiaiaiiy oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo iieiaeaiue oa
?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei oi?ioaaiiy nenoai oi?aae?iiy
?acoeueoaoeai?noth, iaa?oiooaaiiy iniiaieo iieiaeaiue ? i?aeaioiaea
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo ainiiaea?thaaiiy.
Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

— ?ice?eoe nooi?noue oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth oa aecia/eoe eiai

i?noea a iaoai?ciao iaiaaeaeiaioo;

— aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth a AIE;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei oi?ioaaiiy nenoai oi?aae?iiy

?acoeueoaoeai?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo

i?aei?e?inoa;

— aeine?aeeoe i?aeoeeo aeei?enoaiiy iaoai?ci?a oi?aae?iiy

?acoeueoaoeai?noth a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao;

— iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee ?acoeueoaoeaiino?

i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue oa iaiaaeaeiaioo;

— aeyaeoe oaeoi?e caaacia/aiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?

i?aei?e?inoa oa iaiaaeaeiaioo;

— noi?ioaaoe iiaeae? caaacia/aiiy aeniei? ?acoeueoaoeaiino?

ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo? ? iaiaaeaeiaioo;

— iaa?oiooaaoe iaoai?cie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy

?acoeueoaoeai?noth a ainiiaea?nueeo i?aeoeeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo

i?aei?e?inoa AIE.

I?aaeiao oa ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
noeoii?noue oai?aoe/ieo, iaoiaeieia?/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo ieoaiue
oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo
oi?ioaaiue. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaia oi?aae?iiy
?acoeueoaoeai?noth a ?aoi?iiaaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoaao.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe, ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue iaoeiao iiaecio aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno, iieyaathoue a ianooiiiio:

— ocaaaeueiai? oa aeiiiaiai? oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe

oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy ainiiaea?thth/eo

no?oeoo?;

— ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei oi?ioaaiiy nenoai oi?aae?iiy

?acoeueoaoeai?noth;

— aeyaeai? oaeoi?e caaacia/aiiy aeniei? ?acoeueoaoeaiino?

ooieoe?iioaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa;

— ioe?iai? iiaeeeaino?, neeuei? ? neaae? noi?iie i?aai?caoe?eieo
oi?ioaaiue ye oaeoi?e caaacia/aiiy ?oiuei? eiieo?aioicaeaoiino?,
aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy ca ?acoeueoaoaie;

— ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy

i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue oa iaiaaeaeiaioo;

— ?ic?iaeai? iiaeae? oa ia??oioiaai? iaoai?cie caaacia/aiiy

?acoeueoaoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo? ?

iaiaaeaeiaioo aeey i?aei?e?inoa AIE;

— ia??oioiaai? a?aie/i? ia?aiao?e ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa, ye?

caaacia/othoue i?i?i?caoe?th ?eceeo a oi?aae?ii? ?acoeueoaoeai?noth

ooieoe?iioaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo

oi?ioaaiue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeieia?/i?
i?aeoiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oi?ioaaiiy nenoai oi?aae?iiy
?acoeueoaoeai?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo?, ye?
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ia ??cieo ??aiyo ???a?o?? oi?aae?iiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny A?eioea?e?anueeei oa
Ee?ai-Nayoioeinueeei ?aeiiieie oi?aae?iiyie n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
Ee?anueei? iaeano?, a oaeiae a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ia eaoaae??
iaiaaeaeiaioo oa ia?eaoeiao Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa
i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?ai eo?no “Iaiaaeaeiaio”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

— ocaaaeueiai? ? aeiiiaiai? oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe

oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth;

— ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei oi?ioaaiiy nenoai

oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo

no?oeoo?;

— aeyaeai? oaeoi?e caaacia/aiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy

i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue;

— ioe?iaia nenoaia oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth a aeine?aeaeoaaieo

n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao AIE;

— noi?iiaaia eiioeaioe?y ? ia??oioiaai? iaoai?cie nenoaie oi?aae?iiy

?acoeueoaoeai?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo?;

— ?ic?iaeai? iaoai?cie caaacia/aiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, iniiai? iai?yiee oaeineiiaeaiiy
oi?aae?iiy oeei i?ioeanii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaoaaeeny ia I?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo (Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1996?.; Oa?iii?eue, 1997 ?.),
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo
oa ani??aio?a oaeoeueoaoo aa?a?iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo IAO, a
A?eioea?e?anueeiio oa o Ee?ai-Nayoioeinueeiio oi?aae?ii? n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa Ee?anueei? iaeano?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii a 7
iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,5 ae.a.

Ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 197 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ?c 134
iaeiaioaaiue, i?noeoue 61 oaaeeoeth, 27 ?enoie?a oa 22 aeiaeaoee.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

Anooi.

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth.
1.1.?acoeueoaoeai?noue ye ia’?eo oi?aae?iiy: nooue, iaoiaeieia?y
ioe?iee. 1.2.Oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth i?aai?caoe?eieo nenoai.
1.3.No?aoaa?y ? oaeoeea oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth.

?icae?e 2. Nenoaia oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa. 2.1.Iioaioe?ae nenoaie ye iniiaa
caaacia/aiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa.
2.2.Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iioaioe?aeo i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue.
2.3.Ioe?iea iiaeeeainoae i?aei?e?inoaa ii caaacia/aiith aeniei?
?acoeueoaoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?.

?icae?e 3. Oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth
ooieoe?iioaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa. 3.1.Iaoiaeieia?y
no?aoaa?e ?icaeoeo ? oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth. 3.2.Ioe?iea
?acoeueoaoeaiino? iaiaaeaeiaioo ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.
3.3.Oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth, aaeaeaaoii?
aeiiaai ?eieo.

Aeniiaee

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae

Aeiaeaoee

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, iiaeaii ei?ioeee aiae?c noaio
i?iaeaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo, caaea/?, i?aaeiao oa ia’?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?aeia?aaeaii iaoeiao iiaecio, i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth” –
?icaeyaea?oueny nooi?noue eaoaai??? “?acoeueoaoeai?noue”, ?? iiiyooy oa
o?aeooaaiiy a?o/eciyieie oa ca?oa?aeieie aeiiii?noaie.

?acoeueoaoeai?noue – a?eueo oe?iea iiiyooy, i?ae aeiiii?/ia
aoaeoeai?noue. Aeae?eaiiy eiai ye a?eueo oe?ieiai iiiyooy ? ia’?eoa
oi?aae?iiy aeieeaa? ?c nioe?aeueii-aoe/iiai ?icoi?iiy a?ciano a
oeea?e?ciaaiiio na?o?, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny ye i?ioean, ca aeiiiiiaith
yeiai ciai?oi? ?ano?ne ia?aoai?ththoueny o ciai?oi? ?acoeueoaoe, oiaoi a
aeiiii?/i? oe?iiino?.

?acoeueoaoeai?noue i?aai?caoe?eii? nenoaie oi?io?oueny i?ae aieeaii
aaaaoueio oaeoi??a: iioaioe?aeo nenoaie; caaeainiaaiino? neeaaeiaeo
i?aai?caoe??; i?ioean?a ia an?o noaae?yo e?oaiiai?ioo oiiae?a; ??aiy
?icaeoeo on?o i?aenenoai; ia??oioiaaiiai aeai?o no?aoaa?e iaeaooiuei?
iiaaae?iee i?aai?caoe?eii? nenoaie; aoaeoeaiino? ia noaae?yo ?icaeoeo
i?aai?caoe?? oa ia ?? aeeoo?aeo oeeeeao; ??aiy aeei?enoaiiy oaeoi??a
ciai?oiueiai ? aioo??oiueiai na?aaeiaeua; ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae iia?aoe?eiith, o?iainiaith oa ?iaanoeoe?eiith
ae?yeuei?noth; iioeiaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae aeoeaiith ? ianeaiith
aaeaioeaieie ?aaeoe?yie nenoaie; ??aiy ?icaeoeo eiioi?eaoe?eieo
ca’yce?a; eiieo?aioii? iiceoe?? i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo no?oeoo? oiui.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eoa nooi?noue oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth
ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo?. Ia??oioiaai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei
oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth, a iniia? yeeo
iieeaaeai?: e?eoa??? ioe?iee ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
ainiiaea?thth/i? no?oeoo?e c iiceoe?e ?ioa?an?a ??cieo noa’?eo?a
ae?yeueiino?, ye? ia ? iaeiicia/ieie; ??ai? ? noaae?? ?icaeoeo
i?aei?e?inoa, ?oi? aeeoo?a? oeeeee; oe?e?, yeeo iaiao?aeii aeinyaoe oa
no?aoaa?? ?o aeinyaiaiiy; niaoeeo?ea no?aoaa?/iiai ? o?aaeeoe?eiiai
oi?aae?iiy; aeiiae, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?acoeueoaoeai?noue
i?aai?caoe?eiiai oi?ioaaiiy; ciie ?eceeo.

Oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth – oea eiiieaenia nenoaia, yea ioiieth? an?
noaae?? e?oaiiai?ioo eai?oaeo, an? i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy
iioaioe?aeo ainiiaea?thth/i? no?oeoo?e ? yea caaacia/o? aa?iii?caoe?th
?ioa?an?a an?o o/aniee?a noni?eueieo a?aeiinei. Aiia aeeth/a?:
oi?aae?iiy oe?eueiaeie onoaiiaeaie ? no?aoaa?yie,
iaoa??aeueii-o?iainiaeie iioieaie, ethaeueie, i?ioeanaie,
?ioi?iaoe?eieie iioieaie, eiioi?eaoe?eieie ca’yceaie oiui.

I?ioean oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth ?icaeyaea?oueny /a?ac eiai
noaae??, iaoai?cie ?aae?caoe?? ??cieo ooieoe?e oa i???ioaoe?th ia
iiaeeeaino?.

A i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiiyo a?i ioiieth? oae? ?acoeueoaoeaiino?:
oe?eae, no?aoaa?e, oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue, i?aenenoai oi?aae?iiy ?
?ioaa?iaaieo eiai nenoai, aeeoo?aeo oeeee?a i?aai?caoe??, aeeoo?aeo
oeeee?a oiaa?o, ie?aieo i?ioean?a, noee?a ea??aieoeoaa, neia?a?cio oiui.
sse iane?aeie i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaai? iia?
eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee aei oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
?acoeueoaoeai?noth ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo?.

E?ioeaaa ?acoeueoaoeai?noue i?aai?caoe?eii? nenoaie – oea ?aoe?iiaeueia
aca?iiae?y ciai?oiueiai oa aioo??oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ai?ea aeei?enoaiiy
?oi?o oaeoi??a ye iniiae oi?ioaaiiy iiaeeeainoae ainiiaea?thth/eo
no?oeoo?.

Aeena?oaioii ia??oioiaai? no?aoaa?? oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth, oiiae
oa iaoai?cie ?aae?caoe?? no?aoaa?e. Iniiaiee e?eoa??e ?acoeueoaoeaiino?
ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo? – aeinyaiaiiy neia?a?/iiai aoaeoo o nenoai?
“ae?iaiee – niiaeeaa/”, oiaoi caaacia/aiiy aoaeoo oeea?e?ciaaiiai ?eieo.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “Nenoaia oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa” – aeine?aeaeaii aieea oaeoi??a
ia ?acoeueoaoeai?noue i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue, i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea
nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo, aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iioaioe?aeo
ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo? oa nooi?iue aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeeainoae
caaacia/aiiy ?o ?acoeueoaoeaiino?.

Aeyaeaia caeaaei?noue iieaciee?a ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? a?ae
aaee/eie iioaioe?ae?a i?aei?e?inoa. Inoaii? aenooiathoue ye oaeoi?e
ea?oth/iai aieeao a nenoai? oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth.

A aeine?aeaeoaaieo aa?a?ieo oi?ioaaiiyo Ee?anueei? iaeano?
i?ine?aeeiao?oueny caeaaei?noue i?ae ?ici??aie caieaei?enooaaiiy,
caaacia/ai?noth oiiaeaie, o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie, niaoe?ae?caoe??th,
??aiai noi?iiaaiino? iaiaaeaeiaioo ? e?ioeaaeie iieacieeaie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

?c ca?eueoaiiyi aei iaaieo iaae ?ici???a caiaeueieo ieiu
i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo no?oeoo? aieea oaeoi??a ia ??aaiue ?o caeoeiaino?
iiieaeo?oueny. Ca iaoeie ?ic?aooieaie a aeine?aeaeoaaieo ainiiaea?noaao
c ?ici??aie caieaei?enooaaiiy, ui ia?aaeuoaaee iieacieee ia?oi? a?oie
i?aei?e?inoa o 4 ?ace, ??aaiue caeoeiaino? ciaiooaaany iaeaea o 9 ?ac?a.
Iaeiae i?e oeueiio ae?iaieoeoai aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia 100 aa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue caeeoa?oueny iaeaea ia iaeiiio ? oiio
ae ??ai?. A oe?eiio nenoaia iaiaaeaeiaioo aeey caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa ia aeei?enoiao? ia?aaaae eiioeaio?aoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, aea
i?iyaey?oueny aoaeo ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iino?eieo ? ci?iieo aeo?ao. Oea
iiynith?oueny iaaeinoaoiueith oaaaith aei iaoai?ci?a oi?aae?iiy
aeo?aoaie oa aei aieeao ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? iaaaeaioiaai?noth
nenoai oi?aae?iiy ainiiaea?noa aei ci?i o iueiio.

Ia/?oei i?iyaey?oueny aca?iica’ycie i?ae oaoi?/iei iioaioe?aeii
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa oa ?o e?ioeaaeie aeiiii?/ieie
iieacieeaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy. O aaaaoueio ainiiaea?noaao aenieei ?
eiao?oe??io o?ce/iiai ciino iniiaieo cania?a. A?i eieeaa?oueny a?ae 0,5
aei 0,8. Oea aeaco? ia iecueeee ??aaiue eiieo?aioiiai noaoono
i?aei?e?inoa. Oiio, noai?thth/e ae?eiao nenoaio oi?aae?iiy
?acoeueoaoeai?noth, ia?o ca ana, iaiao?aeii ae?iaeoe no?aoaa?th ?
oaeoeeo ci?oeiaiiy oaoi?/iiai iioaioe?aeo ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo? ?
oi?ioaaiiy iiaeeeainoae aeei?enoaiiy a?ieia?/iiai iioaioe?aeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? ? ii??ae oaa?ei. sse cana?ae/o?
i?aeoeea ainiiaea?thaaiiy, eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai iioaioe?aeo
neeaaea? 0,4 – 0,6 a on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo ainiiaea?noaao.

Ia ni?eythoue ci?oeiaiith oaoi?/iiai iioaioe?aeo ainiiaea?noa ?
iaoai?cie iae?iaeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy, ui i?ecaaei aei iecueeiai
??aiy caaacia/aiino? o?aeoi?aie, eiiaaeiaie, ?ioeie
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeie iaoeiaie, yeee noaiiaeoue a?aeiia?aeii 0,34;
0,31; 0,27 aei ?ic?aooieiai? iio?aae.

Ii-??ciiio aieeaa? ia e?ioeaa? iieacieee ?acoeueoaoeaiino?
caaacia/ai?noue o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie. C i?aeaeuaiiyi ?ici??o
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue ia iaeiiai na?aaeiuei??/iiai
i?aoe?aieea o 2,7 ?ace ae?iaieoeoai aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ciaioo?oueny ia
50%, a caeoeia?noue c?inoa? o 8,6 ?ac?a.

Iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia ?acoeueoaoeai? iieacieee i?aeaeuaia ieoiia aaaa
iieiea a no?oeoo?? oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe?? ? /anoea i?iaeoeoe??
aeeaa?neo?eiaaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ieoiii? aaae
i?iaeoeoe?? aeeaa?neo?eiaaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a no?oeoo?? oiaa?ii?
i?iaeoeoe?? o 2,7 ?ace ianya ae?iaieoeoaa aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia 100 aa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue ca?eueoo?oueny ia 70%, a aaee/eia
caeoeo ciaioo?oueny ia 40%.

Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oaeiae ? iiaeaeeth ei?aeyoe?eii? caeaaeiino?
?acoeueoaoeaieo iieaciee?a a?ae oaeoi??a aieeao:

o1 = 0,604 + 8,226 o1 – 8,102 o2 – 1,046 o3 – 9,666 o4 + 1,296 o5 +
3,820 o6 + 6,796 o7;

o2 = 0,781 + 7,819 o1 – 7,550 o2 – 3,125 o3 – 1,074 o4 + 4,904 o5 +
1,944 o6 + 6,286 o7,

aea o1 – a?ioia? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ia 100 aa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oa?aeue, oen. a?i.;

o2 – aaeiaa i?iaeoeoe?y ia 100 aa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oa?aeue, oen. a?i.;

o1 – iniiai? oiiaee ia 100 aa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue,
oen. a?i.;

o2 — n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? oa?aeaey ia iaeiiai
na?aaeiuei??/iiai i?aoe?aieea, aa;

o3 – ieoiia aaaa iieiea a no?oeoo?? oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??, %;

o4 – ieoiia aaaa ca?ia a no?oeoo?? oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??, %;

o5 – ieoiia aaaa ?ioiai ae?iaieoeoaa a no?oeoo?? oiaa?ii?
i?iaeoeoe??, %;

o6 – ianya caieaei?enooaaiiy, aa;

o7 – ??aaiue aoaeoeaiino? oaeoe/ii ?aae?ciaaieo oi?aae?inueeeo
??oaiue.

Oaeei /eiii, oi?aaeyth/e oaeoi?aie ae?iaieoeoaa oa aeio?eioth/enue
i?eioeei?a aecia/aiiy ?oi?o i??i?eoao?a ? ?aoe?iiaeueii?
caaeainiaaiino?, iiaeia caaacia/eoe aeinoaoiuei aenieo
?acoeueoaoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue ?
iaiaaeaeiaioo. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny iieacieeaie ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? aa?io??i oa ?ioeo oi?ioaaiue c ?icaeiooei aeeaa?neo?eiaaiei
ae?iaieoeoaii.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeiiiaiai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee
iioaioe?ae?a ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo? (?ano?niiai oa iaiaaeaeiaioo) oa
aoaeoeaiino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy ye e?eoa??aeueieo iciae ?acoeueoaoeaiino?.

Ioe?ieo ae?yeueiino? i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe
oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a: iiaeaeae iiiaeeiii?
ei?aeyoe??, ?iaeaeniiai iaoiaeo, ?aeoeiaiai? ioe?iee ainiiaea?thth/eo
no?oeoo? c o?aooaaiiyi noeoiiino? oaeoi??a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
iioaioe?ae i?aai?caoe?eii? nenoaie ? iaiaaeaeiaioo.

Caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith iaoiaeeee “SWOT” ioe?iai? caa?ice, iiaeeeaino?,
neeuei? ? neaae? noi?iie ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo?. A oiae?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aniiiaeaioaie aeacaii ia iecueeee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo oaeeo
noi??i: a?aeiiee e?aea? ?eieo; caoeuai?noue a?ae neeueiiai eiieo?aioiiai
oeneo; ia?aaaae a iaeano? aeo?ao; iayai?noue ?iiiaaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae
oa ?oiuei? ?aae?caoe??; ia?aaeaa/ai?noue no?aoaa?/ii? iiaaae?iee ?
iaeaaeia nenoaia iae?eo, yea aaeaeaaoia aeiiaai iaiaaeaeiaioo.
A?eueo?noue ainiiaea?noa ia aaeaioiaaia aei aeiia ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, ui
ia ni?eyei aeei?enoaiith iayaiiai iioaioe?aeo ae?iaie/eo aa?a?ieo
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ? no?oeoo?ith
neeueieo noi??i aeine?aeaeoaaieo ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo?. A a?eueoino?
ainiiaea?noa ia iathoue ?icaeoeo oae? neeuei? noi?iie, ye ia?aaaaa a
iaeano? eiieo?aioe??, iayai?noue ?iiiaaoe?eii? caeaoiino? ? iiaeeeainoae
?? ?aae?caoe??, a oaeiae ia?aa??aiee /anii ?acoeueoaoeaiee iaiaaeaeiaio.

?c neaaeeo noi??i ?aniiiaeaioe aeacaee ia canoa??ea iaeaaeiaiiy oa
oaoi?eo, oaoiieia?/io a?aenoae?noue, iacaeaoi?noue o?iainoaaoe
iaiao?aei? ci?ie aeey no?aoaa?/iiai ?icaeoeo. sse iaaaoeaiee oaeoi?
ne?ae aeae?eeoe a?aenooi?noue /?oeeo no?aoaa?/ieo iai?yie?a ae?e,
iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue oi?aae?inueeiai oaeaioo ? aeeaeie aieiae?iiy
i?iaeaiaie, iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino? i?ioan?eieo ciaiue c
iaiaaeaeiaioo. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?acoeueoaoaie iaoeo
aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeey ioe?iee nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo aeei?enoaii 17
e?eoa???a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?? ye?ni? ia?aiao?e. ?ioaa?iaaio ioe?ieo
nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo cae?eniaii ca oi?ioeith:

wmetafile8? ??T?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyya???AE?? ???&?
?MathType??P????&??yyyy???????????????????????????????AA????

wmetafile8? ??S???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???9?? ???&? ?MathType??
???u?????????»????-??????3????????u?th??????aea ?i –
?ioaa?iaaiee eiao?oe??io ioe?iee iaiaaeaeiaioo;

a1, a2, an – oaeoe/ia ioe?iea a aaeao;

an – iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaa ioe?iea a aaeao;

eni – ?-ee oaeoi? ioe?iee.

Aeei?enoaaoe aeaio iaoiaeeeo, ie aeae?eeee a?oie
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ca eiao?oe??ioaie oi?aae?inueeiai
iioaioe?aeo (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1

A?oioaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa A?eioea?e?anueeiai
?aeiio Ee?anueei? iaeano? ca ??aiai noi?iiaaiino? iioaioe?aeo
iaiaaeaeiaioo, 1997 ?.

A?oie n?euenue-eiainiiaea?nue-eeo i?aei?e-?inoa ca eia-o?oe??ioaie
iioaioe?aeo iaiaaeaeiaiooE?eue-e?noue ainii-aea?noa o a?oi?Eiao?oe??io
iioaioe?aeo iaiaaeaeiai-oo o na?aae-iueiio ii a?oi?
ain-iiaea?noaI?eaooie (caeoie) ia 100 aa n?eue-nueeiain-iiaea?nueeeo
oa?aeue, oen. a?i.A?ioia? iaaeoiaeaeai-iy ia 100 aa
n?euenueeiain-iiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue, oen. a?i.Aaeiaa i?iaeoeoe?y ia 100
aa n?euenueei-ainiiaea?-nueeeo oa?aeue, oen. a?i.?. Aei 0,45210,41-
11,360,352,5??. 0,46 – 0,5640,50- 5,257,855,3???. 0,57 – 0,6770,60-
2,9783,975,0?V. 0,68 – 0,7840,74- 1,0385,0157,3V. Iiiaae
0,7820,801,8143,5148,7O na?aaeiueiio380,52- 6,4874,968,4

Anoaiiaeaii i’youe a?oi iiaeaeae ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ?ice?eo? ?oi? nooue,
iaoai?cie ae?? oa ci?ia ia?aiao??a ?acoeueoaoeaiino?. Aiie iieeaaeai? a
iniiao iai?yie?a ?aoi?ioaaiiy, iaa?oiooaaiiy no?aoaa?e ?icaeoeo oeeo
ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo? oa nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo. Aeyaeaii
iiaeeeaino?, neeuei? noi?iie ? caa?ice.

Na?aae iiaeeeainoae, ye? iiaeooue ?aae?coaaoe noa’?eoe
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, i??i?eoaoieie ?: i?aai?caoe?y ia?a?iaee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? (aeacaee 77,3% iieooaaieo a
caaaeuei?e e?eueeino? iiaeeeainoae), i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? i?iaeoeoe??
(84,1%), aeo?ae ia iia? ?eiee oa ca?eueoaiiy ani?oeiaioo i?iaeoeoe??
(a?aeiia?aeii 31,8% oa 22,7%).

Na?aae caa?ic, ye? aeieeathoue i?e ?aae?caoe?? iiaeeeainoae, ia?oa
i?noea iin?aea? iani?eyoeeaa iae?iaeiiii?/ia na?aaeiaeua (72,7%), ci?ia
iio?aa oa niae?a niiaeeaa/?a (29,5%), c?inoaiiy neee oi?ao i?ae
iieoioeyie oa iinoa/aeueieeaie (27,0%), c?inoaiiy eiieo?aioiiai oeneo
(25,0%).

Aeyaeaia caeaaei?noue i?ae ??aiai ?aioaaaeueiino? ainiiaea?thth/eo
no?oeoo?, ?oi?ie neeueieie oa neaaeeie noi?iiaie, iiaeeeainoyie oa
caa?icaie. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ioe?iai? iiaeeeaino? c o?aooaaiiyi
eiao?oe??ioa eiia??iino?, a oaeiae ?nioth/? caa?ice.

Aei ciie aaeeeiai ?eceeo i?aeiaaeathoue i?aei?e?inoaa, aeey yeeo
oa?aeoa?i? aenieee ??aaiue i?iyao neaaeeo noi??i oa aenieee eiao?oe??io
eiia??iino?. O oeeo oiiaao iaiaaeaeiaio iiaeiai ni?yiiaoaaoe coneeey ia
ia?oi/a?aiaa onoiaiiy iacaaieo oaeoi??a.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaii ieoaiiy iioeaaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a:
caaeainiaai?noue iioaioe?aeo i?aai?caoe?eiiai oi?ioaaiiy (55,5%
?aniiiaeaio?a aeacaee ia oa, ui oeae oaeoi? aieeaa? ia i?aeaeuaiiy
iioeaaoe?? aei 60%), iaeaaiaeaeaia nenoaia iieaoe i?aoe? (26,3% — aei
80% ? 36,8% — aei 100%), ineoieia?/iee ee?iao a eieaeoea? oa noeeue
ea??aieoeoaa (a?aeiia?aeii 31,6% — aei 80%, 36,8% — aei 40% ? 29,4% —
aei 80% oa 35,3% — aei 60%).

Aeyaeaii oaeiae, ui ciaioaiiy iiaeaoeiaiai oeneo, ye ? i?aeaeuaiiy ?ie?
noeioethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeoaa, noa? iiaeeeaei a
oiiaao a?eueoi? aeiiii?/ii? naiaiaee oa aeiiii?/ii? iacaeaaeiino?.
Oeueiai iiaeia aeinyaoe oeyoii ci?ie /anoee iieaoe i?aoe? o aaeiaiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio i?iaeoeo?, a aeioiaeao i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue, a
iineeaii? oaeoi?a aeaniino?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? – “Oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
?acoeueoaoeai?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa” – aecia/aii iniiai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei
oi?ioaaiiy ae?eiai? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth. Ia??oioiaaia
iaoiaeieia?y oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth. A ?? iniiao iieeaaeai?:
oe?ia aoaeoo iiaeeeainoae a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao;
ia??oioiaai?noue ??oaiue uiaei aeai?o naaiaio?a ?eieo (eaiae?a
?aae?caoe??); ??aaiue iane/aiino? ?aa?iiaeueiiai i?iaeiaieue/iai ?eieo;
ciia ?eceeo, a ye?e ciaoiaeeoueny i?aei?e?inoai. I?e oeueiio a?aoiaaii,
ui ?acoeueoao a?ae ?aae?caoe?? iiaeeeainoae caeaaeeoue a?ae /ano. ?c
nei?i/aiiyi /ano ?aae?caoe?? iiaeeeainoae noai?ththoueny oiiae aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy iai?ioiino? eai?oaeo. Oea aeicaiey? ciaioeoe iio?aao o
caaaeueiiio ianyc? eai?oaeo, ui cia/ii iiieaeo? eiao?oe??io ?eceeo. I?e
oeueiio ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe, ui eiaeia iiaeeea?noue ia? naith oe?io
aoaeoo. Oae, o 1997 ?ioe? ?iciao aa??aoe?? a oe?iao ia i?iaeoeoe?th
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa noaiiaea: ii ca?io – 86,0, niiyoieeo – 53,0,
iai/ao – 223,6, iieieo – 66,5, i’yno A?O – 333,0 a?i. ca oiiio. Ci?ia
oe?i a?aeaoaa?oueny ? a aeeiai?oe?, ui oaeiae iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e
ia??oiooaaii? no?aoaa?/ieo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue.

Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui i?iaeiaieue/ee ?eiie ia ? noaa?eueiei. A?i
ci?ith?oueny i?ae aieeaii ciai?oi?o ? aioo??oi?o oaeoi??a:
ieaoini?iiiaeiino? ianaeaiiy, no?oeoo?e aeieao ii a?aeoeiaeoaaiith
cao?ao ia a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee, ?icaeoeo aa?oa?ieo iia?aoe?e,
iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th o na?aeiio oa ia?a?iaeaiiio aeaeyae?, ianyao
i?iiiceoe?e. Ii ie?aieo ?c ieo i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Caaaeaii-aiae?oe/ia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iao aeniiaie.

I?e aecia/aii? oe?eae oa no?aoaa?e ?o aeinyaiaiiy aaaeeeai a?aoiaoaaoe
?aa?iiaeueiee ??aaiue iane/aiino? ?eieo, ine?eueee a?i iaiaeiicia/iee. O
1997 ?ioe? ?c 24 iaeanoae ? Aaoiiiiii? ?anioae?ee E?ei a 16 iiieo
ia?aaeuoaaa i?iiiceoe?th. O?noiaaeoeyoue iaeanoae aoee ?iii?oa?aie
ca?ia, a iaeeiaaeoeyoue iaee iiaeeea?noue ?icoe?eoe ?eiie,
aeei?enoiaoth/e no?aoaa?th ?icaeoeo eiai aaia?ao?/ieo naaiaio?a.

A ?ic??c? ?aa?ii?a neeaany ??ciee ??aaiue aeinyaiaiiy oe?eae ii
ae?iaieoeoao i?iaeoeoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi e?eoe/ii? oa ?aoe?iiaeueii? iaae?
aeiionoeiino?. A 1997 ?ioe? c o?aooaaiiyi ?aoe?iiaeueii? iaae?
ae?iaieoeoaa oa niiaeeaaiiy a?i noaiiaea a eiao?oe??ioao: ii ca?io –
0,31 – 1,36, iai/ao ? aaooaiieo – 0,35 – 1,04, ea?oiie? – 0,61 – 1,22,
iieieo ? iieieii?iaeoeoao – 0,21 – 0,89, i’yno ? i’ynii?iaeoeoao – 0,27
– 0,73.

O ?aa?iiao c iecueeei ??aiai iane/aiino? i?iaeiaieue/iai ?eieo iaoeia
?icaeoie no?aoaa?y ?icoe?aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa, a a ?ioeo,
?aa?iiao-aeiii?ao, iaaiaee – no?aoaa?y aaia?ao?/ieo naaiaio?a ?eieo. O
ca’yceo c oeei a ainiiaea?noaao iiaeeeaee oaeee ?oi?e no?aoaa?/iee
?icaeoie:

Ia?oee aa??aio. ?aa?iie i?aaiooue caaeiaieueieoe iio?aae
i?iaeiaieue/iai ?eieo ca ?aooiie aeanieo ?ano?n?a ? aeaniiai
aioo??oiuei?aa?iiaeueiiai iai?ioo eai?oaeo.

Ae?oaee aa??aio. I?iaeiaieue/ee ?eiie iaiiaith?oueny a iniiaiiio ca
?aooiie aeaniiai niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? /anoeiai – ca ?aooiie
aioo??oiueiaea?aeaaiiai ?iii?oo, oiaoi ?ioeo ?aa?ii?a.

O?ao?e aa??aio. Caa??aa?oueny o?aaeeoe?eia ae?iaieoeoai ? nenoaia
i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo ca’yce?a ye iniiaa ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eie?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaa?oioiaai? iaaeie?ee ? iiceoeai? noi?iie
on?o o?ueio aa??aio?a. Iaeia?niaeoeai?oeie ? ae?oaee ? o?ao?e aa??aioe,
ye? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue iaeneiaeueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeaniee
?aa?iiaeueiee oa i?e?iaeiee iioaioe?ae, ui ni?eyoeia caaacia/aiith
?acoeueoaoeaiino? ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo?, ia?aaaa ciiaeueii?
niaoe?ae?caoe??. Iaeiae i?e oeueiio iiaeii? ae?noaaaoe ?icaeoie
iaoai?cie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy eiioi?eaoe?eieo i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo
ca’yce?a. Oea aeiaaaoeia ia?aaeyaeo ?aa?iiaeueieo no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy,
ci?ie ooieoe?e oi?aae?inueeeo i?aoe?aiee?a oeeo aeeiiaa/eo i?aai?a
oi?aae?iiy. Iio?aaothoue oaeineiiaeaiiy ? aeiiii?/i? iaoai?cie
aca?iia?aeiinei ye ?aa?ii?a, oae ? ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo?.

Oaeei /eiii, oi?ioth/e ae?eiao nenoaio oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth,
iaiao?aeii, ia?o ca ana, ioe?ieoe ciai?oi? na?aaeiaeua, ui aeanoue
iiaeeea?noue iaa?oioiaoaaoe no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa oa
iiaeeeaino? ?oiuei? ?aae?caoe??. Aoaeoeai?noue oaeiai i?aeoiaeo
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aa?a?ieo
ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo? Ee?ai-Nayoioeinueeiai ?aeiio Ee?anueei?
iaeano? (8 i?aei?e?inoa), a yeeo o 1997 ?ioe? ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino?
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? noaiiaea 16,02% ? ?aioaaaeueiino? i?iaeaaeo
– 13,8%. A ?ioeo i?aei?e?inoaao, aea ia caaacia/aia iia?euei?noue oa ye?
ia i???ioothoueny ia ciai?oi? na?aaeiaeua, ??aaiue caeoeiaino? noaiiaea
24,0% o /ioe?ueio ainiiaea?noaao oa 44,2% — o ainueie. Oea iio?aao?
i?iaaaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, iniiai? iiiaioe yeeo ?
e?eoa??? ioe?iee ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino? ?ice?eo? a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?.I?e iaa?oiooaaii? iniiaieo iai?yie?a
ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino? a?aoiaai? ??aaiue ?icaeoeo ainiiaea?thth/eo
no?oeoo?, a oaeiae aecia/ai? ciie ?eceeo. Aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy inoaii?o
aeei?enoaia iao?eoey aeueoa?iaoea ?acoeueoaoeaiino? oa eiiieaenia
iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ?aeoeiaiai? ioe?iee ae?iaie/eo aa?a?ieo
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue (oaae. 2).

Oaaeeoey 2

A?oioaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa A?eioea?e?anueeiai
?aeiio Ee?anueei? iaeano? ca ?aeoeiaiaith ioe?ieith o?iainiaiai noaio oa
ae?eiai? aeoeaiino?, 1997 ?.

A?oie ainii-aea?noa ca no-iith eiao?oe?-?io?a ?aeoei-aiai?
ioe?ieeE?eue-e?noue ainii-aea?noa o a?oi?O na?aae-iueiio ii a?oi?
ain-iiaea?noa, eiao?oe?-?io??aaiue ?aioa-aaeueiino?, caeoei-aino? (-),
%Na?aae-iuei??/-iee iaae?e iieiea ia ei?iao, eaNa?aae-iueiaei-aiaee
i?e??no A?O, aO?iaeae-i?noue ca?ii-aeo, oeaaI.Aei
2,0561,744,99318235539,9II.2,06 — 2,7052,37- 4,40198822329,2III.2,71 —
3,3492,78- 17,10162717830,6IV.3,35 — 3,98113,71-
13,10179328329,6V.Iiiaae 3,9854,58- 25,00147020824,1O na?aaeiueiio363,08
-196925030,7

.A aeena?oaoe?? aeey ainiiaea?noa eiaeii? ?c cii ?eceeo ?ic?iaeai?
iiaeeea? no?aoaa?? iiaaae?iee. Oae, aeey i?aei?e?inoa c iiceoeaiith
?acoeueoaoeai?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaie i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe
ianooii? no?aoaa??: ?icaeoeo ?eieo, caaithaaiiy e?aea?noaa ca
iieacieeaie /anoee ?eieo, oe?iiaeo iinooiie, aeeaa?neo?eaoe??; ciie
??aiiaaae – iaenei?caoe?? iioi/iiai i?eaooeo, oaeineiiaeaiiy oiaa?o,
?ioaineo?eaoe?? eiia?oe?eieo coneeue; aeey ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo? c
a?ae’?iiith ?acoeueoaoeai?noth – oi?aae?iiy aeo?aoaie oa iaenei?caoe??
iioi/iiai i?eaooeo, oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa, aeaeeaaiiy.

A ?iaio? aecia/ai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaii?
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth, a oaeiae noaia ?aae?caoe??
iiaeeeainoae ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo?.

Aaaeeeaei o nenoai? oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth ? iaa?oiooaaiiy
e?eoe/ii? oi/ee ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa. Oea a?aei?aai? oi/ee, ye? iiaeii?
aooe iieeaaeai? a iniiao iaa?oiooaaiiy no?aoaa?e c?inoaiiy o??ie,
no?aoaa?e oe?iiai? iie?oeee oa i?i?i?caoe?? ?ecee?a.

Caa?iooa oaaaa ia i?aeaeuaiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy oiiaaie ?
i?ioeanaie. sse anoaiiaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiyie, i?e oi?ioaaii? nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth aeioe?eueii noai?thaaoe oiiae a?aeoai?aiiy
? a iiaeaeueoiio caaacia/oaaoe ?o aeio?eiaiiy: ni?oiaee neeaae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, aeiiae aa?ioaoi?ee, oaoiieia??
ae?iaieoeoaa, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeic i?ia?aeueieo oa i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea
oiui.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iiiiothoueny ci?ie
i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? ? no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy, ye? ia?aaeaa/athoue
?icaeoie aeaniino? ia i?e?i??ai? oa ci?uaiiy oeaio??a
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ? noaoono noa’?eo?a ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei o nenoai?
ae?yeueiino?.

I?iiiio?oueny aaciaa iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy ia?aiao??a ?acoeueoaoeaiino?,
yea ci???ioiaaia ia a?aeia?aaeaiiy aca?iia?aeiinei ?c noa’?eoaie
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? aeicaiey? ioe?ithaaoe i?aai?caoe?ei? nenoaie
ye oe?e?niino? o i?ioeanao ?o ooai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy:

aea Ec? – caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io ?acoeueoaoeaiino? i?aai?caoe?eiiai
oi?ioaaiiy;

E?c – eiao?oe??io ??aiy ?acoeueoaoeaiino? i?aai?caoe?eiiai
oi?ioaaiiy c

o?aooaaiiyi aeiia ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua (eiai noa’?eo?a);

E?a – eiao?oe??io ?acoeueoaoeaiino? i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue c

o?aooaaiiyi aeiia aioo??oiueiai na?aaeiaeua (c oi/ee ci?o
iioaioe?aeo);

E?a – aeiaeaoeiaee eiao?oe??io ?acoeueoaoeaiino? c o?aooaaiiyi
aeiia

aioo??oiueiai na?aaeiaeua (c oi/ee ci?o aeinyaiaiiy o?iainiaeo

?acoeueoao?a oa yeino? aeeooy i?aoe?aiee?a i?aai?caoe?eiiai
oi?ioaaiiy, a

oaeiae aoaeoeaiino? ?aae?ciaaieo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue).

Ae?eiao nenoaio oi?aae?iiy ca ?acoeueoaoaie iaiao?aeii oi?ioaaoe ia
i?aenoaa? noaie iinoaae?eiiai ?icaeoeo i?aai?caoe??, yea ci???ioiaaia ia
no?aoaa?/ia ia?aaeaa/aiiy c o?aooaaiiyi oaeaeeeo ci?i a ae?iaie/eo
no?oeoo?ao oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?iiiaaoe?eieo i?ioean?a, a oaeiae noaie
?aae?caoe?? iiaeeeainoae ainiiaea?thth/i? no?oeoo?e (?en.1).

Aeey caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ia?aaaa i?ia?aneaieo
no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeae? aca?iica’yceo oei?a iiaaae?iee
oi?aae?inueeeo i?aoe?aiee?a c o?aooaaiiyi e?eoa??th ?oiuei? aeoeaiino?,
noee?a ea??aieoeoaa, cii ?icii?yaeieoeoaa ?ano?naie oa
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ?oi? aeei?enoaiiy.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iiaeai? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a
?acoeueoaoeaiino? ii 22 iiceoe?yo ca?aeii e?eoa???a ioe?iee ae?yeueiino?
ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo?, cai?iiiiiaai? ci?ie aei ?nioth/eo no?oeoo?
oi?aae?iiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ici???a i?aei?e?inoa oa ?icaeoeo oi?i
aeaniino?.

AENIIAEE

1. ?nioth/a oaiaeaioe?y niaaeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa ?
iiieaeaiiy iane/aiino? i?iaeiaieue/iai ?eieo aeeeeeaia e?ecith
oi?aae?iiy ia on?o eiai ??aiyo, iniaeeai a aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaen?.
Aiane?aeie iaaeinoaoiuei? ia??oioiaaiino? oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue ia
iae?i??ai? iaea?aeaa ?icaeoie i?ioean ?icaaeainiaaiino?: o a?aeiineiao
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, o aca?iia?aeiineiao aaeocae ? ainiiaea?thth/eo
no?oeoo?, ia?eoaoo oe?i ? aea?aaeaioiino? iai?io, o ni?aa?aeiioaii? i?ae
aea?aeaaiei ?aaoethaaiiyi ? naii?aaoethaaiiyi i?aei?e?inoa, i?ae
?icaeoeii iaoee ? iiaeeeainoyie i?aeoe/iiai ?? aeei?enoaiiy. A aa?a?iiio
naeoi?? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie iineeaiith e?ece ni?eyee oae?
aioo??oiueinenoaii? oaeoi?e: iai?aeaioiaeai?noue oi?aae?inueeiai
ia?niiaeo i?aoethaaoe a iiaeo oiiaao ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua, ye?
ci?iththoueny; iaaaeaioiaai?noue oi?i ? iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy aei aeiia
?eieo; aioo??oiueinenoaiia ?icaaeainiaai?noue ea?oth/i? ? ea?iaaii?
i?aenenoai. Ia iaea?aeaa ?icaeoeo no?aoaa?/iee iaiaaeaeiaio oa eiai
neeaaeia? – no?aoaa?/iee ia?eaoeia, oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth.
Ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee iio?aao? ?ic?iaee oai??? ? iaoiaeieia??
oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth.

2. Iaoiaeieia?y oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth iiaeiia aooe aaeaeaaoiith
ciai?oiueiio oa aioo??oiueiio na?aaeiaeuo, aacoaaoeny ia oe?eyo, ia?aieo
no?aoaa?yo a caaaeuei?e nenoai? “oiiae – i?ioean – ?acoeueoao”. Aiia
iiaeiia aooe ci???ioiaaia ia caaacia/aiiy neia?a?/iiai aoaeoo.

3. Oi?ioaaiith ae?eiai? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth
ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo? ni?eyoeia aeei?enoaiiy aecia/aieo a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?eioeei?a, ?ic?iaeaieo iiaeaeae, iaoiaee/ieo
i?aeoiae?a aei ia??oiooaaiiy oe?eae, no?aoaa?e, e?eoa???a ioe?iee
?acoeueoaoeaiino? iaiaaeaeiaioo.

4. Oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue oa iaiaaeaeiaioo aeicaieeoue aeyaeoe
iaaeei?enoai? iiaeeeaino?, neaae? noi?iie oa ioe?ieoe eiieo?aioiee
noaoon i?aei?e?inoa. A iniiao iaoiaeeee iieeaaeaii iioaioe?ae nenoaie oa
??aaiue eiai aeei?enoaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi ei?aeyoe?eii? caeaaeiino?
oaeoi??a ae?eiai? aeoeaiino? i?aei?e?inoa oa ?o ?aeoeiaiai? ioe?iee.

5. Aea/aiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai i?iaeiaieue/iai ?eieo Oe?a?ie aea?
iiaeeea?noue noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui inoaii?e oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ??cieie
??aiyie iane/aiino?, ye? eieeaathoueny ii a?aeiioaiith aei
?aoe?iiaeueii? iaae? aeiionoeiino? a eiao?oe??ioao: ii iieieo ?
iieieii?iaeoeoao – a?ae 0,47 aei 0,77; i’yno ? i’ynii?iaeoeoao – a?ae
0,34 aei 0,65; yeoeyo ? yeoeai?iaeoeoao – a?ae 0,31 aei 0,88; iai/ao ?
aaooaiieo – a?ae 0,40 aei 0,80. Oea icia/a?, ui iiaeeeaino? ?aae?coaaoe
iaea?aeaio i?iaeoeoe?th a ?aa?iiao ??ci?. Aeey i?aei?e?inoa a ?aa?iiao c
iecueeei ??aiai iane/aiino? i?iaeiaieue/iai ?eieo iaea?aeoaaoeia
?icaeoie no?aoaa?y ?icoe?aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa, a a ?ioeo, oiaoi
?aa?iiao-aeiii?ao, iaaiaee, — no?aoaa?y ?icaeoeo aaia?ao?/ieo naaiaio?a
?eieo. Cai?iiiiiaai? o?e aa??aioe iiaeeeai? iiaaae?iee i?aai?caoe?eieo
oi?ioaaiue uiaei ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa oa ae?? ia ?eieo.

6. ?ic?iaeai? i?iiiceoe?? aeicaieyoue i?aei?e?iieoeueeei no?oeoo?ai
noi?ioaaoe nenoaio oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth, ci???ioiaaio ia
caaacia/aiiy ?aeiino? ?ioa?an?a ciai?oiuei- oa aioo??oiueinenoaiiiai
oa?aeoa?o.

7. Anoaiiaeai? ei?aeyoe?ei? caeaaeiino? iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? a?ae
noeoiiino? oaeoi??a aeicaieyoue ia??oioiaoaaoe oi?aae?inuee? ??oaiiy,
aecia/aoe ??aaiue ?oiuei? aoaeoeaiino? oa oi?aaeyoe oaeoi?aie – oiiaaie
?acoeueoaoeaiino? i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue.

8. E?ioeaaa ?acoeueoaoeai?noue ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo? caeaaeeoue a?ae
noai?aieo iae?iaeiiii?/ieo oiia oa iioaioe?aeo i?aai?caoe?eieo nenoai,
ye? ca e?euee?nieie ? ye?nieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ciaoiaeyoueny ia
iecueeiio ??ai? ? ia a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai eiieo?aioiiai na?aaeiaeua.

9. Aeyaeai? iiaeeeaino?, neeuei? ? neaae? noi?iie i?aai?caoe?eieo
oi?ioaaiue, ye? aeicaieythoue eiie?aoecoaaoe ? ia??oioiaoaaoe ia?aiiy
no?aoaa?e ? oaeoeee i?e ?ica’ycaii? caaaeaiue ia?niaeoeaiiai, iioi/iiai
? iia?aoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o ye neeaaeiaeo caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino?
oi?aae?iiy ca ?acoeueoaoaie.

10. Cai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie no?aoaa?e c o?aooaaiiyi cii ?eceeo,
aeeoo?aeo oeeee?a i?aai?caoe?? oa ??aiy ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa ni?eyoeia
i?aeaeuaiith ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy iacaeaaeii a?ae
o?iainiai-iaeiiaiai noaio oa aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?.

11. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee uiaei aecia/aiiy a?aie/ieo
ia?aiao??a ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa ni?eyoeiooue i?i?i?caoe?? ?eceeo a
oi?aae?ii? ?acoeueoaoeai?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo no?oeoo?.

12. ?ic?iaeaia ia i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
nenoaia oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue
aeicaieeoue a i?ioean? ae?yeueiino? caaacia/oaaoe neia?a?/iee aoaeo ?
i?eaeaoia aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ainiiaea?nueeo i?aeoeeo AIE.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Aaeaeaiae I.A. Iaoiaeieia?y no?aoaa?e oi?aae?iiy
?acoeueoaoeai?noth //

Iaoeiaee a?niee IAO. — 1999. — Aei. 14. — N. 179 — 182.

2. Aaeaeaiae I.A. Iioaioe?ae nenoaie ye iniiaa caaacia/aiiy

?acoeueoaoeaiino? i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?ioaaiue // A?niee
AEeoiie?nueeiai

?iaeaia?ii-oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. — 1999. — ? 9. — N. 329 —
330.

3. Aaeaeaiae I.A. Oiiae caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy

ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo? // A?niee AEeoiie?nueeiai ?iaeaia?ii-

oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. — 1998. — ? 8. — N. 258 — 259.

4. Aaeaeaiae I.A. Oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth
i?aai?caoe?eieo nenoai // Aeiiii?ea AIE. — 1997. — ? 9. — N. 22 — 23.

5. Aaeaeaiae I.A. Aaei?i?no?aoeai? ?aeiie: i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy

iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth aeiiii?/ieo nenoai //

Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oa aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo

aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a: Iaoe. aeii. i?aeia?iaei.
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?

eiioa?aioe??. — Oa?iii?eue. — Euea?a. — 1997. — N. 44 — 46.

6. Aaeaeaiae I.A. Iae?eiai-aiae?oe/ia caaacia/aiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiino?
nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo // I?iaeaie iae?eo oa aoaeeoo ca oiia
ianoaa?eueii? aeiiii?ee: Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe??. — Oiaeueieoeueeee. — 1996. — N. 58 — 59.

7. Aoaeceinueea O.I., Aaeaeaiae I.A. Oaeoi?e caaacia/aiiy
?acoeueoaoeaiino? i?aai?caoe?eieo nenoai // Oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iei ?icaeoeii AIE: Ca. iaoe. i?. — E.: IAO, 1996. —
N.96 — 98.

Aaeaeaiae I.A. Oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.02 — i?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa
ia?eaoeia. — Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe eiiieaeniiai ? nenoaiiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo oa iaoiaeieia?/ieo ieoaiue, a oaeiae i?aeoeee
oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth ainiiaea?thth/eo no?oeoo? ia i?eeeaae?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa. Iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaeieia?/i?
i?aeoiaee aei oi?ioaaiiy ae?eiai? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?acoeueoaoeai?noth.
Aecia/ai? e?eoa??? ioe?iee ?acoeueoaoeaiino?, no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo oa
iaoai?cie ?? ?aae?caoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?acoeueoaoeai?noue, aoaeoeai?noue, oi?aae?iiy
?acoeueoaoeai?noth, ?eiie, iioaioe?ae, no?aoaa?y, iiaeae? nenoaie,
e?eoa??? ioe?iee.

Aaeaeaiae I.A. Oi?aaeaiea ?acoeueoaoeaiinoueth ooieoeeiie?iaaiey
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.02 — i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, iaiaaeaeiaio e
ia?eaoeia. — Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee eceiaeaiu iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou eiiieaeniiai e
nenoaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey oai?aoe/aneeo , iaoiaeieiae/aneeo aii?inia, a
oaeaea i?aeoeee oi?aaeaiey ?acoeueoaoeaiinoueth oicyenoaothueo no?oeoo?
ia i?eia?a naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee. Iainiiaaiu
iaoiaeieiae/aneea iiaeoiaeu e oi?ie?iaaieth aeaenoaaiiie nenoaiu
oi?aaeaiey ?acoeueoaoeaiinoueth. Ii?aaeaeaiu e?eoa?ee ioeaiee
?acoeueoaoeaiinoe, no?aoaaee ?acaeoey e iaoaieciu eo ?aaeecaoeee.

Auyaeaiu oaeoi?u, iaania/eaathuea ?acoeueoaoeaiinoue i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo
oi?ie?iaaiee, iaiaaeaeiaioa e aunooiathuea eae iauaeou oi?aaeaiey.
Ii?aaeaeaiu aiciiaeiinoe, neeueiua e neaaua noi?iiu oicyenoaothueo
no?oeoo?, oa?icu ni noi?iiu aiaoiae n?aaeu.

A ?aaioa aeoeaioe?oaony aieiaiea ia oii, /oi ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae e
?uii/iie yeiiiieea o?aaoao iiaie nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaii,
eioi?ay aeieaeia niioaaonoaiaaoue iaiythueiny i?iecaiaenoaaiiui
ioiioaieyi, neiaeiinoe ?aoaaiuo caaea/.

Iiaay nenoaia oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaii aeieaeia auoue ni?eaioe?iaaia
ia oeaee e caaea/e no?aoaae/aneiai oa?aeoa?a, ia ?aaeecaoeeth
aiciiaeiinoae naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee. A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie
?aaioa “?acoeueoaoeaiinoue” ?anniao?eaaaony eae oneiaea iaania/aiey
neia?ae/aneiai yooaeoa, naaeaine?iaaiiie nenoaiu yeiiiie/aneeo
eioa?ania ia ?uiea i?iaeaaoeia e iieoiaoaeae i?e eniieueciaaiee yooaeoa
oeeaeeeciaaiiiai ?uiea.

Oi?aaeaiea ?acoeueoaoeaiinoueth ?ane?uaaaony eae nenoaia, eioi?ay
aeeth/aao: oi?aaeaiea oeaeaauie onoaiiaeaie e no?aoaaeyie,
iaoa?eaeueii-oeiainiauie iioieaie, ethaeueie, i?ioeannaie,
eioi?iaoeeiiiuie iioieaie, eiiioieeaoeeiiiuie naycyie e ae?. Iainiiaaiu
iiaua eiioeaiooaeueiua iiaeoiaeu e oi?ie?iaaieth nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey
?acoeueoaoeaiinoueth. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeieiaey no?aoaaee oi?aaeaiey
?acoeueoaoeaiinoueth. A aa iniiao iieiaeaiu: oeaia yooaeoa aiciiaeiinoae
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee a caaeneiinoe io iainiiaaiiinoe
?aoaiee e auai?a naaiaioia ?uiea; o?iaaiue ianuuaiiinoe ?aaeiiaeueiiai
i?iaeiaieuenoaaiiiai ?uiea; ciia ?enea, a eioi?ie iaoiaeeony
i?aaei?eyoea.

Iainiiaaiu iiaeoiaeu e ioeaiea aeayoaeueiinoe naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo
i?aaei?eyoee, e ooieoeeiie?iaaieth nenoaiu iaiaaeaeiaioa, e ?ac?aaioea
iaoiaeieiaee oi?ie?iaaiey nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey ?acoeueoaoeaiinoueth. A aa
iniiao iieiaeaiu: e?eoa?ee ioeaiee ?acoeueoaoeaiinoe oicyenoaothuae
no?oeoo?u ni noi?iiu ?acee/iuo noauaeoia aeayoaeueiinoe; o?iaie e
noaaeee ?acaeoey i?aaei?eyoee; oeaee, eioi?ua iaiaoiaeeii aeinoe/ue;
niaoeeoeea no?aoaae/aneiai e iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey; o?aaiaaiey,
eioi?ua oa?aeoa?ecotho ?acoeueoaoeaiinoue i?aaiecaoeeiiiie nenoaiu;
i?aaiecaoeeiiiua oi?iu oi?aaeaiey; iioaioeeae nenoaiu. Aeieacaia
iauaeoeaiay iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?ia?aiiii-oeaeaaiai iiaeoiaea e
iaania/aieth ?acaeoey iaiaaeaeiaioa a aa?ioe?iao e ae?oaeo oi?ie?iaaieyo
ei?ii?aoeaiiai oeia, nicaeaiey eiiiaaoeeiiiuo a?oii, ia?eaoeiaiauo
neoaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?acoeueoaoeaiinoue, yooaeoeaiinoue, oi?aaeaiea
?acoeueoaoeaiinoueth, ?uiie, iioaioeeae, no?aoaaey, iiaeaee nenoaiu,
e?eoa?ee ioeaiee.

Gaydamak N.V. Management of effectiveness functioning of agricultural
enterprises. – Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree of economic sciences on the speciality
08.06.02 – entrepreneurship, management and marketing. – National
Agrarian University, Kiev, 1999.

In dissertation there were outlined the main results of the complex and
system researches of the theoretical and methodolocigal issues. Also
there is presented practical experience of management of effectiveness
of enterprises, taking as examples agricultural entities. The various
methodological approaches of formation of effective system for
management of effectiveness are presented. There are determined criteria
for evaluation of results, development strategy, and mechanisms of their
implementation.

Key words: resultiveness, effectiveness, management of results, market,
potential, strategi, models of the system, evaluation criteria.

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