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Управління режимами дихання юних важкоатлетів у процесі початкового навчання: Автореф. дис… канд. наук з фіз. виховання і спорту / Я. Сахарук, Нац.

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IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO O?CE*IIAI AEOIAAIIss ? NII?OO OE?A?IE

NAOA?OE ss?INEAA

OAeE 796.8.071.5

OI?AAE?IIss ?AAEEIAIE AeEOAIIss THIEO AAAEEIAOEAO?A O I?IOeAN?
II*AOEIAIAI IAA*AIIss

24.00.01 – Ie?ii?enueeee ? i?ioan?eiee nii?o

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ?
nii?oo Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao Oe?a?ie c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ?
nii?oo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ieaoei Aaeaioei A?eai?iae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoth/ee oeeeeii neeiaeo aeae?a nii?oo eaoaae?e ?aeeiiai?noa oa
aoeaoecio.Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eaioo?i
Aiaoie?e Ieeieaeiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ?
nii?oo Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith e?iac?ieia??;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe Iaae?e Aiaoie?e ?aaiiae/, Aea?aeaaiee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo, caa?aeoth/ee
eaai?aoi???th ae?aaiinoeee ooieoe?iiaeueieo ?aca?a?a i?aai?cio
nii?oniai?a.I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e, Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao Oe?a?ie c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ?
nii?oo, i. Euea?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_31__”__na?iiy________ 1999 ?. i 14 aiae. 30 oa.
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.829.01 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie (252150, Ee?a-150,
aoe. O?ceoeueoo?e, 1).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie (252150, Ee?a-150,
aoe. O?ceoeueoo?e, 1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 31 ” eeiiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?aauaiei E.ss.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. Aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano iaa/aiiy thieo nii?oniai?a
caeaaeeoue a?ae ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy e ocaiaeaeaiiy ?o c?
no?oeoo?ith ?ooo i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy o?ce/ieo ai?aa [A.I.Ie?iiia, 1967;
A.A.Aaiaeaeueniai e ae?., 1973; A.I.Ai?iaueaa, 1977; E.I.Iaoaaaa, 1977;
A.Preisler, 1984; A.Marinov, 1988; J.Popinigis, 1992; S.Grochmal, ?993;
P.Bruno et al., 1994; J.Antosiewicz, 1996]. O i?ioean? iaa/aiiy thieo
aaaeeiaoeao?a o?aia?e caa?oathoue oaaao, a ia?oo /a?ao, ia inai?iiy
oaoi?ee aeeiiaiiy ai?aa ? ?icaeoie o?ce/ieo yeinoae, oiae? ye aeey
?icaeoeo aeeoaeueieo i’yc?a na?aae yeeo iaea?eueo aaeeeeie aeey aaeeoo ?
— ae?ao?aaia, a aeey aeaeeoo — i’yce aeeaioa, i?eae?ey?oueny iaei oaaae.
A?aeiii [I.A.Ceieei, 1975], ui a?ae iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aeeoaeueieo i’yc?a caeaaeeoue i?aoeacaeaoi?noue i?aai?cio ? ??aaiue
o?aiiaaiino? nii?oiai?a.

Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?i?o aeaea?ae [A.A.Ieoaeeia, 1961; W.Starosta, 1966;
E.ss.Aaaaiueaaa, 1974; A.N.Naaeiaieeia, 1979; A.E.Ea?iiai, 1980;
K.Sahlin, 1984; M.Zaton, 1987; A.A.Oa?-Iaaianyi, ?992] iieaco?, ui
aaaaoi oao?aoe?a caeiaeeny aea/aiiyi ?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy nii?oniai?a o
??cieo aeaeaa nii?oo a i?ioean? o?aioaaeueii? oa ciaaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino?.

O aaaee?e aoeaoeoe? oaeiae ?iaeeeny ni?iae aeine?aeeoe iieacieee
ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy thieo nii?oniai?a o i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy ai?aa ?c
iaoyaeaiiyie [A.I.Caoeei?neee, 1966; A.A.Aaiaeaeueniai e ae?., 1973,
1976; A.E.Ea?iiai, 1980; E.N.Aeai?eei, 1982; A.N.Iiianou?neee,
E.I.Aeioei, 1984; A.I.Ai?iaueia, 1987; I.A.Aeiiyioe, A.A.Iiaeeeaaaa,
1990].

?acii ?c oeei, aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e iieaco?, ui a ?iaioao iaaaaeaieo aeua
aaoi??a iaaeinoaoiuei iiaii ae??oaii i?iaeaio ocaiaeaeaiiy ?aaeei?a
aeeoaiiy c? no?oeoo?ith ?ooo nii?oniai?a. O iayai?e aeey ian e?oa?aoo??
cono??/athoueny aeaye? noia?a/eea? aeai? uiaei o?eaaeino? oa ia’?iieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy nii?oniai?a, ye? iia’ycai? c eiai
cao?eieith ? ?eoiii o i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy ciaaaeueieo ai?aa o aaaee?e
aoeaoeoe?. Iaaeinoaoiuei aeeaiei oaeiae aea/aii ieoaiiy aeei?enoaiiy
??cieo aeeoaeueieo ai?aa o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a.
A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui aeia?eueia ei?aeoe?y ia’?io oa oa?aeoa?o ciai?oiueiai
aeeoaiiy iineeth? /e iineaaeth? aoaeo aieeao ia i?aai?ci nii?oniaia,
yeee aeinyaa?oueny oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo aeeoaeueieo ai?aa, ie
oaeiae c?iaeee ni?iao i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano iaa/aiiy thieo
aaaeeiaoeao?a ca aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueieo i?ia?ai aeeoaeueieo ai?aa.

Ca’ycie aeena?oaoe?? c iaoeiaeie oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo aeeiiaii
a?aeiia?aeii aei Caaaeaiiai ieaio IAe? Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie c
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo ia 1996–2000 ??. c oaie 2.2.11. “Oi?aae?iiy
?aaeeiaie aeeoaiiy thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a o i?ioean? ii/aoeiaiai iaa/aiiy”,
iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0196U010535.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano ii/aoeiaiai
iaa/aiiy thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a oeyoii oi?aae?iiy ?aaeeiaie ?o aeeoaiiy ca
aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueieo o?aioaaeueieo ae?e (i?ia?ai) i?ae /an
aeeiiaiiy ciaaaeueieo ai?aa.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aecia/eoe oa?aeoa? aeei?enoaiiy ? ci?no aeeoaeueieo ?aaeei?a o
iaa/aeueii-o?aioaaeueiiio i?ioean? thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a.

2. Anoaiiaeoe iniaeeaino? ?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy aaaeeiaoeao?a ??cii?
nii?oeaii? eaae?o?eaoe?? o noai? niieith oa i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy ?eaea oa
iiooiaoo.

3. Anoaiiaeoe iaea?eueo cia/ou? iieacieee ?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy nii?oniai?a,
ui aieeaathoue ia ocaiaeaeai?noue ooieoe?? aeeoaiiy ? no?oeoo?e ai?aa o
i?ioean? i?aei?iaiiy iaoyaeaiue.

4. ?ic?iaeoe niaoe?aeuei? o?aioaaeuei? ae?? (i?ia?aie), ui aeicaieythoue
ei?aeooaaoe ?aaeeie aeeoaiiy thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a ? ia?aa??eoe
aoaeoeai?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy ia i?aeoeoe?.

Iaoeiaa iiaaoe?y io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

1. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo iniaenoi aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiue aia?oa
?ic?iaeaii eiiieaene aeeoaeueieo ai?aa, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo
cae?enithaaany aieea ia i?ioean ocaiaeaeaiiy ooieoe?? aeeoaiiy thieo
aaaeeiaoeao?a ? no?oeoo?e ciaaaeueieo ai?aa ia aoai? ii/aoeiaiai
iaa/aiiy.

2. Io?eiaea iiaeaeueoa ??oaiiy i?iaeaia aca?iica’yceo iieaciee?a
?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy ana?aaeai? iaei??? eaae?o?eaoe?eii? a?oie
aaaeeiaoeao?a, ui aeicaieeei io?eiaoe nooo?ao ??cieoeth i?ae ie?aieie
iieacieeaie ni??iiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o nii?oniai?a ??cii?
nii?oeaii? eaae?o?eaoe??.

3. Anoaiiaeaii iaea?eueo cia/ou? iieacieee ?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy nii?oniai?a
o ?eaeo ? iiooiaoo, a ia?oo /a?ao o noa?oiaiio iieiaeaii?, o aeo?aeiiio
iieiaeaii? ia?aae i?aei?iaiiyi a?ae a?oaeae, ii cae?i/aiith oace
i?aei?iaiiy. I?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui ?eaie aeeiio?oueny a iniiaiiio ia
cao?eioe? aeeoaiiy, a i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy iiooiaoo niinoa??aathoueny
??ci? aa??aioe ocaiaeaeaiiy oac ?ooo ? ?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy.

4. ?acoeueoaoe, eio?? io?eiaii iathoue a?aei?iiino? a?ae a?aeiieo ?ai?oa
a oiio, ui aia?oa anoaiiaeaii nooo?ao ??cieoeth i?ae a?oiith
aaaeeiaoeao?a-iiaa/e?a ? a?oiith iaeno??a nii?oo ii ie?aiei iieacieeai
?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy, ui aeicaieeei ?ic?iaeoe iiaeaeuei? ia?aiao?e
ni??iiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a, ye? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy
thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue.

1. ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaen aeeoaeueieo ai?aa, eio?ee aeicaiey? aieeaaoe ia
i?ioean ocaiaeaeaiiy ?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy nii?oniai?a oa no?oeoo?e
ciaaaeueieo ai?aa ia aoai? ii/aoeiaiai iaa/aiiy thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a.

2. Cai?iiiiiaaii ?aoe?iiaeuei? ?aaeeie aeeoaiiy thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a i?ae
/an aeeiiaiiy ciaaaeueieo ai?aa: ?eaea oa iiooiaoo.

3. ?ic?iaeaii i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano
iaa/aiiy thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a, eio?? noinothoueny ci?i iieaciee?a ?o
ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeaii o i?aeoeeo oeyoii:

1. Iia?aeiieaiue oa aeiiia?aeae ia i?aeia?iaeieo oa iaoe?iiaeueieo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo ? nai?ia?ao.

2. Ioae?eaoe?e iaoiaee/ieo iaoa??ae?a aeey o?aia??a, nii?oniai?a,
oao?aoe?a c aaaeei? aoeaoeee.

3. Aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe o eaeoe?eiiio
iaoa??ae? c aeenoeeie?ie “Oai??y oa iaoiaeeea aeeeaaeaiiy neeiaeo aeae?a
nii?oo” IOOAN Oe?a?ie oa ?inoeoooo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e i.Ayea-Iiaeeynea
(Iieueua).

I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ai?iaaaeaeaii o o?aioaaeueiee i?ioean
i?aeaioiaee ca??ii? thiaoeueei? eiiaiaee Iieueo? c aaaeei? aoeaoeee oa
?inoeoooo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e i.Ayea-Iiaeeynea (Iieueua).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a o i?aeaioiaoe? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iieyaa? o aea/aii? aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie o nii?o?, oi?ioaaii? iaoe
oa caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaii? iecee aeine?aeaeaiue oa
aenia?eiaio?a, ii?aoethaaii?, neioac? oa ocaaaeueiaii? io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a, oi?ioaaii? aeniiae?a ? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.
I?aoethth/e aeeeaaea/ai-o?aia?ii ?inoeoooo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e
i.Ayea-Iiaeeynea caeiaoaa/ ai?iaaaeea io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe o i?aeoeeo
i?aeaioiaee aaaeeiaoeao?a Iieueu?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoei iia?aeiieaii: ia I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? o?aia??a ?c aaaeei? aoeaoeee (2–6 o?aaiy
1996 ?., i.*a?i?a?a), I?aeia?iaeiiio iaoeiaiio eiia?an? “No/aniee
ie?ii?enueeee nii?o” (16–19 o?aaiy 1997 ?., i.Ee?a), I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “N?aeiae-2000 – aoaeoeai? i?ia?aie
iaa/aiiy o nii?o?” (24–26 eenoiiaaea 1997 ?., i.Niaea, Iieueua),
I?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia?? o?aia??a c aaaeei? aoeaoeee (1–14 /a?aiy 1998
?., i.Oeai-Aaoi?, Iiiaie?y). Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? aeaeaii 3 noaoo? a
Iieueu? e 3 a Oe?a?i?.

Ioae?eaoe??

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? aeaeaii 6 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue, ?c yeeo 3 noaoo? o
i?ia?aeieo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo: aeo?iae? “Iaoea a ie?ii?enueeiio nii?o?”
ca 1998 ?., ?3, ca??oe? iaoeiaeo i?aoeue “Iaaeaaia?ea, ineoieia?y oa
iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo” ca 1999 ?.,
?5, 6; ?io? o aeo?iae? “Oe?a?inueea aaaeea aoeaoeea” ca 1997 ?., ?2,
iaoa??aeao iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? “The Modern Olympic Sports”, may,
16–19, 1997 ?., o nii?oeai?e ca??oe? “Trening” ca 1998 ?., ?2, 3.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??

Aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo aeeeaaeaii ia 159 noi??ieao. Aiia i?noeoue ia?ae?e
oiiaieo nei?i/aiue, anooi, o?e ?icae?ee iniaenoeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
aeniiaee, i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, nienie e?oa?aoo?e (197 aeaea?ae,
na?aae yeeo 61 i?aoey ?iicaiieo aaoi??a) ? /ioe?e aeiaeaoee.
Aeena?oaoe?y ?ethno?iaaia 22 oaaeeoeyie ? 21 ?enoieii.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Oa?aeoa?enoeea aoaio ii/aoeiaiai iaa/aiiy thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a (iaeyae
e?oa?aoo?e)

O aeaiiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe aiae?cothoueny iniaeeaino? aoaio ii/aoeiaiai
iaa/aiiy thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a, ?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaia aea/aiiy ooieoe??
ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy o i?ioean? nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino?, iaoiaee
ioe?iee iieaciee?a ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy o o?c?ieia?? nii?oo, caniae oa
iaoiaee iaa/aiiy ?aaeeiai aeeoaiiy nii?oniai?a i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy ai?aa
c iaoyaeaiiyie.

Iaoiaee oa i?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeey ae??oaiiy iaoe oa caaaeaiue ?iaioe aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oae? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiue:

· Aea/aiiy oa aiae?c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e.

· Aea/aiiy ia?aaeiaiai aeina?aeo ?iaioe o?aia??a ? i?aeaioiaee
nii?oniai?a. Iaie i?iaiaeeeiny aieaooaaiiy nii?oniai?a ? o?aia??a
Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu? c iaoith aea/aiiy ?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy aaaeeiaoeao?a i?ae
/an iaa/aiiy oaoi?oe? aaaeeiaoeaoe/ieo ai?aa.

· ?ino?oiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieaciee?a ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy
aaaeeiaoeao?a ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a ni??ia?ao??, o?iiia?ao?? oa
eiio?ieueiiai oanooaaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ia ni??ia?ao? “Lungtes 500” nii/aoeo a noai?
niieith, a iio?i o i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy ciaaaeueieo aaaeeiaoeaoe/ieo ai?aa
– ?eaea oa iiooiaoo.

O noai? niieith aeine?aeaeoaaeeny oae? iieacieee ?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy
nii?oniai?a: AE?E, ia’?i aeeoaeueiiai oeeeeo, /anoioa aeeoaiiy, ia’?i
i?inoiai e oi?niaaiiai aaeeoo oa ?aca?aiiai aeaeeoo, a?aeiioaiiy ianyao
aaeeoo aei AE?E.

I?ae /an aeeiiaiiy ?eaea oa iiooiaoo aeine?aeaeoaaeeny oae? iieacieee
?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy: ia’?i ? o?eaae?noue aeeoaeueieo oeeee?a, /anoioa
aeeoaiiy ia?aae i?aei?iaiiyi ooaiae, iaeneiaeueia aaioeeyoe?y eaaai?a,
o?eaae?noue oa ia’?i aaeeoo, ui ia?aaeo? cao?eioe? aeeoaiiy, /an
cao?eiee aeeoaiiy, o?eaae?noue aeaeeoo, caaaeueiee /an aeeoaeueiiai
oeeeeo, a?aeiioaiiy ia’?io aaeeoo aei AE?E.

On? iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aoiaoaaeeny iaoaiaoe/ii-noaoenoe/ieie
iaoiaeaie.

I?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeeny i?ioyaii
1994–1998 ??. ia nii?oeaieo aacao Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy oa nii?oo Oe?a?ie oa ?inoeoooo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo a
i.Ayea-Iiaeeynea (Iieueua).

O aeine?aeaeaiiyo a?aee o/anoue 55 aaaeeiaoeao?a ? 41 o?aia?, ui
i?aoeththoue c thieie aaaeeiaoeaoaie a Oe?a?i? ? Iieueu?. On?o
aaaeeiaoeao?a aoei ?icae?eaii caeaaeii a?ae eaae?o?eaoe?? ia o?e a?oie:
? – 24 /ie. (iaeno?e nii?oo i?aeia?iaeiiai eeano oa iaeno?e nii?oo); ??
– 9 /ie. (aaaeeiaoeaoe ?–?? nii?oeaieo ?ic?yae?a); ??? – 22 /ie.
(aaaeeiaoeaoe-iiaa/ee).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeeny o o?e aoaie:

? aoai (1994–1995 ??.) – cae?enithaaeiny aea/aiiy, ooi/iaiiy oa
aeiiiaiaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaieo iaoiaeee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia?aaeiaiai
aeina?aeo ?iaioe o?aia??a ? i?aeaioiaee nii?oniai?a Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu?
oeyoii iieooaaiiy oa aieaooaaiiy.

?? aoai (1995–1998 ??.) – ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeee ni??ia?ao??,
o?iiia?ao?? oa eiio?ieueiiai oanooaaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaeiny 33 iieacieee
?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy aaaeeiaoeao?a a oiiaao iaa/aeueii-o?aioaaeueiiai
i?ioeano nii/aoeo a noai? niieith (ia?aae o?aioaaiiyi), a iio?i o
i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy ?eaea ? iiooiaoo aaaith 70–80 % a?ae a?aie/ii?.

C iaoith ia?aa??ee aenoiooi? o ?iaio? a?iioace aoei i?iaaaeaii
iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio, ui aeicaieea aecia/eoe aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie aeeoaeueieo ai?aa o i?ioean?
ii/aoeiaiai iaa/aiiy thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a. A aenia?eiaio? a?aee o/anoue
22 thieo nii?oniaie, yeeo aoei iiae?eaii ia aea? a?oie:
aenia?eiaioaeueio oa eiio?ieueio. O?eaae?noue aenia?eiaioo – aeaa
iacioeeeee.

Aeine?aeaeoaaeeny a?ae?a?ai? iaie aeo?aei? oa i?aenoieia? iieacieee
?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a o noai? niieith oa i?ae /an
aeeiiaiiy ?eaea. C iaoith ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? i?iaaaeaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo nii?oniaie iaio a?oi a?aee o/anoue o
eiio?ieueieo ciaaaiiyo.

??? aoai (1997–1998 ??.) – cae?enithaaeiny ii?aoethaaiiy io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, caaa?oaiiy ioi?ieaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe, i?aeaioiaea aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, aeiaeaoe?a
oiui.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

Oa?aeoa?enoeea aeeoaeueieo ?aaeei?a aaaeeiaoeao?a i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy
ciaaaeueieo ai?aa

Aieaooaaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny i?ioyaii 1994–1995 ??. ia ??ciiiai?oieo
ciaaaiiyo oa iaa/aeueii-o?aioaaeueieo cai?ao ye a Oe?a?i?, oae ? a
Iieueu?. Iaoa aieaooaaiiy – aecia/aiiy no?oeoo?e oa ?aaeeio aeeoaiiy o
i?ioean? ii/aoeiaiai iaa/aiiy thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a. ?aniiiaeaioai
?aeiiaiaeoaaeiny a?aeiia?noe ia caieoaiiy, ui noinoaaeeny iniaeeainoae
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a o i?ioean?
ii/aoeiaiai iaa/aiiy.

A?eueo?noue o?aia??a (83,0 %) aaaaeathoue, ui iaa/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiio
?aaeeio aeeoaiiy aeioe?eueii cae?enithaaoe i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy ia o?eueee
?eaea ? iiooiaoo, aea e ?ioeo aaaeeiaoeaoe/ieo ai?aa.

*anoeia o?aia??a (39,0 %) aaaaeathoue, ui ia?aae i?aei?iaiiyi ooaiae c
iiiinoo aaaeeiaoeaoe ciaia’ycai? ?iaeoe iaeei aaeeo ?c cao?eioaaiiyi
aeeoaiiy aai iaeei aaeeo ia’?iii 50,0% a?ae iiaiiai.

27,0 % o?aia??a aaaaeathoue, ui aaeeo e?aua anueiai ?iaeoe iinii, a ?io?
(22,0 %) – aeeiioaaoe aeae?eueea aaeeo?a ? aeaeeo?a iini?eue. O?eueee
11,0 % o?aia??a ae??oeee, ui aaeeo iio??aii cae?enithaaoe ?ioii.

E??i oeueiai, 18 o?aia??a (44,0 %) ?aeiiaiaeothoue ei?enooaaoeny ??cieie
aa??aioaie ?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy: iai?eeeaae, iaeei aaeeo /a?ac i?n ?c
cao?eioaaiiyi aeeoaiiy (17,0 %) aai aaeeo ?ioii ?c cao?eioaaiiyi
aeeoaiiy (10,0 %). Iaeaea 70,0 % o?aia??a aaaaeathoue, ui ?aoe?iiaeueiee
?aaeei aeeoaiiy ? oaeei: aaeeo iinii /e ?ioii, a aeaeeo – iia?eueii
iaeaiueeeie ii?oe?yie.

Aeaye? o?aia?e Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu? aeei?enoiaothoue i?ae /an iaa/aiiy
thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a oae? aeeoaeuei? ai?aae: aeeaie? aaeeoe oa aeaeeoe
i?ioyaii 8 n; aaeeo – cao?eioaaiiy aeeoaiiy ia iaeio oaeeeio – aeaeeo
i?oeiee aai e?eueea aeaeeo?a /a?ac i?n; aaeeo – ?oee aeiai?e, aeaeeo –
?oee aeiieco; aa?iai? ai?aae; aaeeo iinii – cao?eioaaiiy aeeoaiiy ia 30
n – aeaeeo ?ioii.

Aiae?c iaoa??ae?a aieaooaaiiy iieaco?, ui o o?aia??a Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu?
a?aenooiy iaeiinoaei?noue iiaeyae?a ia iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy thieo aaaeeiaoeao?a i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy
aaaeeiaoeaoe/ieo ai?aa, a oaeiae ia i?ioean ?o ocaiaeaeaiiy ?c
no?oeoo?ith ciaaaeueieo ai?aa.

Iieacieee ?aaeei?a aeeoaiiy aaaeeiaoeao?a o noai? niieith

?acoeueoaoe ni??iiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieythoue anoaiiaeoe, ui
aeaye? iieacieee ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy aaaeeiaoeao?a (ia’?i i?inoiai oa
oi?niaaiiai aaeeo?a ? ?aca?aiiai aeaeeoo) ? a?aei?iieie o aaaeeiaoeao?a
??cii? nii?oeaii? eaae?o?eaoe??, ?io? oaeeo a?aei?iiinoae ia iathoue.
sseui o ia?o?e a?oi? nii?oniai?a o?niee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie
niinoa??aa?oueny o 81,0 % aeiaaee?a, oi o ae?oa?e – 48,0 %, a o o?ao?e –
o?eueee 28,0 %. E??i oeueiai, nooo?aa ??cieoey a iieacieeao
niinoa??aa?oueny na?aae nii?oniai?a ? ? ??? a?oi ii AE?E (?

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