IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?AAeA II AEA*AIITH I?IAeOEOEAIEO NEE OE?A?IE

AIEIOEIA NA?OEAIA AANEE?AIA

OAeE 622.7 : 658.3.018

OI?AAE?IIss I?IAeOEOEAI?NOTH I?AeI?E?INOAA

( ia i?eeeaae? a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo

eiia?iao?a E?eai??cueeiai aanaeio )

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iaiaaeaeiaioo oa ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei
E?eai??cueeiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aaac
Ieeiea Aeieo?iae/ —

E?eai??cueeee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo oa ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe , i?ioani? Oaaei?euaaa Ae?ia Ieeeo?aia —
?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eii i?iaeai ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio E?noaiia A’y/aneaa Iaaeiae/ —
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee a??ie/i?oaeiee ?inoeooo (i.E?eaee ??a), caa?aeoaa/
eaai?aoi???th aeiiii?ee oa oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

?inoeooo aeiiii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e i?iieneiaiai iioaioe?aeo, i.
Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 10 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 1100 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.160.01 ?aaee ii aea/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252032, i. Ee?a —
32, aoeueaa? Oaa/aiea, 60.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?aaee ii aea/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252032, i. Ee?a —
32, aoeueaa? Oaa/aiea, 60.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 6 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe I.N.Eiaaeaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Iia??oaiiy aieeao oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua
ia ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeeo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a o no/anieo
oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy aeiaaa? aeoeaiiai iiooeo oeyo?a, iai?aaeaieo ia
i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? oa aoaeoeaiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa a oe?eiio. Aiae?c i?e/ei e?eoe/iiai noaio i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie oa ?ic?iaea ae?eiaeo caoiae?a uiaei eiai iiaeieaiiy
iio?aaothoue aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai ?eieiaei ?aae?yi aiae?oe/iiai
aia?aoo. O?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee aeiiii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a iiaeo oiiaao
iiaa?oiai ioe?iththoue noai i?aei?e?inoa, neaai iia`ycai? c ?oi?ie
iaaaeueieie iio?aaaie, ioaea iaaeinoia??ii aecia/athoue iai?yiee
iie?ioaiiy ae?yeueiino?.

Inoaii?i /anii ea??aieee ??cieo ?aia?a noaee i?eae?eyoe iaaeoi
aaaaoi oaaae ia?eaoeiao, a?aeniaoth/e i?iaeaie ae?iaieoeoaa ia ae?oaee
ieai. I?ae oei, iaaaaeei iieacaoe, ui ?aeeiei oeyoii aei aeiiii?/iiai
c?inoaiiy e?a?ie ? caaacia/aiiy aenieiai ??aiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?aei?e?inoa o eeth/iaeo aaeocyo, aei /enea yeeo iaeaaeeoue
a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiee eiiieaen.

I?iaeoeoeai?noue ? aaaeeeaith aeiiii?/iith eaoaai???th, yea
oa?aeoa?eco? aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano i?aoe? ? aei??th?oueny a?aeiioaiiyi
aeioneo i?iaeoeoe?? aei ie?aieo aai aei an?o aeae?a aeo?ao. Iiaeaiee
oai?aoe/iee iinooeao iaaoaa? aaeeeiai i?aeoe/iiai cia/aiiy ia ??ai?
i?aei?e?inoa, oiio ui naia ooo aaciina?aaeiuei oi?io?oueny ?acoeueoao
i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue ia aoaeue-yeiio ??ai?.
I?iaeoeoeai?noue, ?ic?aoiaaia ca aeaieie i?i aeione oa aeo?aoe ie?aiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa, ?icaeyaea?oueny ye i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aei?e?inoaa.

Iaeiie/aiee ca?oa?aeieie i?aei?e?inoaaie ?eieiaee aeina?ae na?ae/eoue
i?i oe?iea canoinoaaiiy iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeey ioe?iee
aeei?enoaiiy ie?aieo ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a oa aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa a
oe?eiio. O a?o/eciyi?e i?aeoeoe? iaea?eueoiai iioe?aiiy iaaoee o?eueee
iieacieee i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, ye? neoaeaoue aei??thaa/aie
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy eeoa iaeiiai ae?iaie/iai ?ano?no – i?aoe?.
Oaea iaiaaeaia ?icoi?iiy oeueiai iiiyooy a oiiaao oe?ieiai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai oaoi?/ieo oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieo cania?a
coiiaeth? iai?eaeaoi?noue iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeeai? i?aoe? aei
anaa?/iiai aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co oa aecia/aiiy no?aoaa?/ieo aniaeo?a
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa.

sse na?ae/eoue a?o/eciyia i?aeoeea, a oaia??oi?e /an i?eeiyooth
aoaeoeaieo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue c i?iaeoeoeaiino? noathoue ia caaaae?
oai?aoe/i? oa iaoiaeieia?/i? i?iaeaie aecia/aiiy ?? ae?enii?
aeiiii?/ii? nooiino?, iieaciee?a ioe?iee ??aiy, ?ic?iaee iaoai?cio
?ioaa?aoe?? ?c caaaeueiei o?iainiaei aiae?cii oa ieaioaaiiyi. Oea
iaaaoeaii a?aeia?aaea?oueny ia iiaoaeia? iaoiaeieia?/ieo iaa?oiooaaiue
iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa i?ecaiaeeoue aei a?ae?eao aeiia i?aeoeee
a?ae ?nioth/eo iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue.

Iaeii/anii c oeei i?aeoiaee ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a aei oi?aae?iiy
i?iaeoeoeai?noth oa?aeoa?ecothoueny nai?th ?ic??ciai?noth, ?ieiee
o?eueee aeaeea?oaaiiyi ie?aieo iieiaeaiue. Iaio ca ana aea/ai? ieoaiiy
aeeth/aiiy aeo?ao iniiaiiai eai?oaeo a iiaeaeue aaaaoioaeoi?iiai
aei??thaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ui iniaeeai aeooaeueii a ia??iae c?inoaiiy
oaoi?/ii? iniauaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa. ?nioth/? i?aeoiaee ia
a?aeia?aaeathoue e iayaieo ci?i yeino? i?iaeoeoe??, ?icaeoie
?ioeyoe?eieo i?ioean?a oa ?io? o?oaeiiu? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa a
oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? e?ece, ui oneeaaeith? ?ic?iaeo iiaeaeae ieaioaaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeaiiai iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeea aea??
oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aecia/eea ?? eia?ei-no?oeoo?io iiaoaeiao oa
eiei ieoaiue, ui a i?e ?icaeyaeathoueny.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
ia? aaciina?aaei?e ca`ycie c i?ia?aiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
E?eai??cueeiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo uiaei aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo
?ano?n?a E?eaaano, a oaeiae iia`ycaia c ieaiii iaoeiaeo ?ia?o
E?eai??cueeiai aeiiii?/iiai ?inoeoooo EIAO. Cie?aia, iniiao aeena?oaoe??
neeaaeathoue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo aaoi?ii ca
aea?aeathaeaeaoiith oaiith “Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa a
oiiaao ?ioeyoe??.”

Iaoa i caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? iaa?oiooaaiiy
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei ?ic?iaee
aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?aei?e?inoaa,
?aae?caoe?y yeeo ni?yiiaaia ia noai?aiiy oiia aeiaaino?ieiaiai
aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

A?aeiia?aeii aei cacia/aii? iaoe a ?iaio? aoee iinoaaeai? ?
ae??ooaaeeny ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

— nenoaiaoecoaaoe ?nioth/? oai?aoe/i? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aei?e?inoaa, oi?aae?iiy ca e?eoa???i i?iaeoeoeaiino?
oa iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe aei??thaaiiy ? ioe?iee ?? ??aiy;

— ocaaaeueieoe iniiai? ciai?oi? ? aioo??oi? oaeoi?e, ye?
aieeaathoue ia aeeiai?eo i?iaeoeoeaiino? cae?ci?oaeieo i?aei?e?inoa
Oe?a?ie a ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei;

— cae?enieoe aiae?oe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?/ieo ci?i oaeoi?ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a E?eaaano c
aecia/aiiyi aca?iica’yce?a i?ae ?? neeaaeiaeie aeaiaioaie, a oaeiae
aeyaeoe aieea i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia aeo?aoi?noue ae?iaieoeoaa;

— ?ic?iaeoe i?iiiceoe?? uiaei noai?aiiy aeiiii?/ieo oiia aeey
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii ca e?eoa???i
i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

I?aaeiao oa ia’?eo aeineiaeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiiieaen oai?aoe/ieo oa iaoiaeieia?/ieo ieoaiue
aei??thaaiiy, ioe?iee oa ieaioaaiiy nooiaiy aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo
?ano?n?a oa aoaeoeaiino? cae?eniaiiy i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aii a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeuei? eiia?iaoe
E?eai?icueeiai aanaeio, ye? ae?iaeythoue 81,6% oiaa?ii? cae?cii? ?oaee
Oe?a?ie oa ?, oaeei /eiii, aieiaieie ?? iinoa/aeueieeaie ia aioo??oi?e
oa ciai?oi?e ?eiee.

Iaoiaeieiaiy i iaoiaeeea aeineiaeaeaiiy. Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iith
iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ae?aeaeoe/i? caeiie i?ciaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a, iieiaeaiiy no/anii? aeiiii?/ii? oai???,
eiiaaioe?? I?aeia?iaeii? i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?, iaoeia? i?aoe? i?ia?aeieo
a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a, caeiiiaeaa/? oa ii?iaoeai? aeoe
c ainiiaea?nueeeo ieoaiue.

Aeey ocaaaeueiaiiy oai?aoe/iiai iaoa??aeo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??
aea/aii oa aeei?enoaii i?aoe? I.I.Aeeiiaa, Ae.I.Aiaei?, ?.E.Aiiaea?y,
I.I.Ai?uaanueeiai, ?.A.Aaa?eeiaa, I.I.Aii/a?iai?, A.Aeaa?na,
N.?.Aei?iaoioeiaa, A.Aia?niia, Ae.Eaiae??ea, A.Eaiioue?aa, A.N.I?uaiea,
A.A.Iiaiaeeeiaa, Ae.N.N?iea, I.A.No?anniaia, N.A.No?oi?e?ia,
N.Oaa?ieaioa, A.I.Oaaei?euaai?, I.A.O?ai-eaey oa ?ioeo a/aieo. Aiae?c
aeo?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoeiaeo oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo
iieiaeaiue aeeiiaii c aeei?enoaiiyi caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo, noaoenoe/ieo oa
iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeaea?aeaie aiae?oe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? iineoaeeee noaoenoe/i?
iaoa??aee oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i? iaeyaee I?ii?iiiie?oeee Oe?a?ie,
eiioea?io “Oe??oaei?ii”, iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?inoeooo?a, ca?oe
cae?ci?oaeieo eiia?iao?a E?eaaano, ?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aaoi?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o ianooiiiio:

— ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaenio nenoaio iieaciee?a aei??thaaiiy oaeoi?ii? oa
caaaeueii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aei?e?inoaa, a iniia? yei? eaaeeoue
a?aooaaiiy niiaeea/eo aeanoeainoae i?iaeoeoe??, iaea?eueo aeinoia??ieo
aei??thaa/?a ae?iaie/eo aeo?ao oa iiaia ioiieaiiy inoaii?o ca neeaaeii
oa aeaea?aeaie ooai?aiiy;

— cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei aecia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy
i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?aei?e?inoaa, i?ae yeei ?icoi??oueny aeae?eaiiy
eiio?ieueiaaieo o?iainiaeo ao?ao oa ?ic?iaea caoiae?a uiaei ?oiuei?
i?i?i?caoe??;

— iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy eiio?ieueiaaieo o?iainiaeo ao?ao
i?aei?e?inoaa, aei neeaaeo yeeo iaeaaeaoue ao?aoe aiane?aeie
iai?iaeoeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a ? ia?ioeyoe?eiiai
iaiie?eooy aeo?ao;

— cai?iiiiiaaii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iieacieea caaaeueii? oaeoi?ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, yeee oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeia aeo?ae i?iaeoeoe?? ia iaeeieoeth
eiio?ieueiaaieo i?aei?e?inoaii ae?iaie/eo aeo?ao ? yeee iiaeiai noaoe
iniiaiei aeiiii?/iei ?iaeeeaoi?ii eiai aioo??oiueiai noaio;

— aecia/aii iaoiaee/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aeaiaio?a aeioiaeii?
neeaaeiai? aeo?ao iniiaiiai eai?oaeo (/anoee ae?iaie/eo iaeiie/aiue oa
?aioaaaeueiino? iniiaiiai eai?oaeo) ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue;

— oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee i?iaeoeoeaiino? oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe?
ia iniia? aecia/aiiy ?? ca’yceo ?c no?aoaa?/iei iieiaeaiiyi
i?aei?e?inoaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?aoe/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? aeeiiai? a ?aieao aeena?oaoe??, neeaaeathoue iniiao
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia aeiaaino?ieiaa caaacia/aiiy
i?eaooeiaino? i?aei?e?inoa. Aei ieo a?aeiinyoueny:

— iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai c?inoaiiy oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeey eiiiainaoe?? iayaieo o?iainiaeo ao?ao o ca’yceo ?c cieaeaiiyi
aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa;

— noai?aiiy ?ioaa?iaaii? iiaeae? ioe?iee oa ieaioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa, yea aaco?oueny ia ii?aeiaii? ae?iaie/iai ? o?iainiaiai
aiae?co oa ieaioaaiiy;

— aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai ??aiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe?,
ui a?aeiia?aea? i?iaiiciaaiiio no?aoaa?/iiio iieiaeaiith i?aei?e?inoaa.

Iiaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?iiiceoe?? a?aeiinii iiaoaeiae
iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?ecia/ai? aeey aeinoia??iiai
ae?aaiinooaaiiy aeiiii?/iiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiai
eiiieaeno, aecia/aiiy no?aoaa?/ieo i??i?eoao?a o ?oiueiio ?icaeoeo.
?ic?iaee aaoi?a iiaeooue noaiiaeoe i?aea?oioy aeey aiae?oe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue a ?ioeo aaeocyo i?iieneiaino?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia caeiaoaa/ai
oe?eeii iaeiiin?aii. Aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue on? iiaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? oa
aaoi?aoa?ao? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, i?iiiceoe?? ? aeniiaee, ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue iniaenoee iiaeyae ia eiiieaen ieoaiue c aei??thaaiiy,
ioe?iee ? ieaioaaiiy nooiaiy aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a oa
cae?eniaiiy oi?aae?iiy ca e?eoa???i i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

Ai?iaaoe?y oa ?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe?? aeeiiaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue ? io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia
I?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: “Ia?eaoeia o nenoai?
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii” (i. Ee?a, 1996?.), “?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y
aeiiii?ee oa ?iaanoeoe?? a Oe?a?i?” (i. *a?i?aoe?, 1998?.);
o/aiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eiii’thoa?i? oaoiieia?? a
o/aiai-iaoiaee/i?e, iaoeia?e oa ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/i?e ae?yeueiino? aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a Oe?a?ie” (i. Ee?a, 1997?.), iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo E?eai??cueeiai
aeiiii?/iiai ?inoeoooo EIAO (1995 – 1998 ?.?.), can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoa aeuacacia/aiiai ?inoeoooo (aa?acaiue 1998 ?.).

?yae i?iiiceoe?e aaoi?a ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo aeiyeueiinoi
aeiiii?/ieo neoaea AAO “Iiaii/iee ACE” (aeo aiae 7.10.1998?.), EAeAIE
“E?eai?iaenoaeue” (aeiaiaeea ? 112-538), iiaei?e?inoa eiioea?io
“Oe??oaei?ii” (aeiaiaeea ? O?-10/826). Iieiaeaiiy i ?acoeueoaoe
iaoeiaiai aeineiaeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioeani
iiaeaioiaee oaoiaoeia o E?eai?icueeiio aeiiiii/iiio iinoeoooi (aeiaiaeea
? 01-193).

Ioaeieaoei?. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiue aaoi?ii
iioaeieiaaii 11 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue caaaeueiei ianyaii 2,34 ae?.a?e., o
oiio /enei 5 noaoae o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo (1,44ae?.a?e.).

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icaeieia, aeniiaeia, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 123 iaeiaioaaiue,
46 aeiaeaoeia ? i?noeoue 24 oaaeeoe? oa 25 ?enoie?a. Iiaiee ianya ?iaioe
noaiiaeoue 252 noi??iee, a oiio /ene? oaaeeoe? neeaaeathoue 17 noi??iie,
?enoiee – 10, nienie e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae – 9, aeiaeaoee — 76.

INIIAIEE CIINO

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa
i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy iath” ?icaeyiooi ?ica?aeiino? o i?aeoiaeao aei
aecia/aiiy eaoaai??? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? i?noey iieaciee?a ioe?iee ??
??aiy a nenoai? ?iaeeeaoi??a aeiiii?/iiai noaio noa`?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Ocaaaeueiaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c ieoaiue oai??? oa iaoiaeieia??
i?iaeoeoeaiino? iieacaei, ui i???ioaoe?y ia c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia
? i?eioeeiiai iiaei i?aeoiaeii aei ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa. Aiia a?aeia?aaea? ci?uaiiy aeoeaio?a c
ioe?iee iioi/iiai noaio iiaei?e?inoaa ia ioe?ieo eiai noaio a
ia?niaeoea?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui, iacaaaeath/e ia ?noioia c?inoaiiy a
caaaeueieo aeo?aoao i?aei?e?inoa aeo?ao o?a/aaeaii? i?aoe?, a?o/eciyi?
oai?aoeee oa i?aeoeee aei oaia??oiueiai /ano i?eae?eythoue a?eueoa oaaae
aeine?aeaeaiith i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeeai? i?aoe?. I?iiiceoe??
N.A.No?oi?e?ia, A.A.Iiaiaeeeiaa, ?.A.Aaa?eeiaa oa ?ioeo a/aieo uiaei
ia?aoiaeo aei ?ic?aooie?a caaaeueii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia ciaeoee aei neo
i?? oe?iei? i?aeo?eiee a iaoeiaeo eieao.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeiaaaeaii, ui a no/anieo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy
iieacieee i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeeai? i?aoe? iathoue iaaaeeeo iia?aoe?eio
oe?ii?noue, oei a?eueoa, yeui aiie ?icaeyaeathoueny a?aeie?aieaii a?ae
nenoaie iieaciee?a ioe?iee caaaeueii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa.
A?aoiaoth/e aei?iaee ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a oa ??oaiiy I?aeia?iaeii?
i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe? c ieoaiue i?iaeoeoeaiino?, iaa?oioiaaii, ui
aeiiii?/ia eaoaai??y i?iaeoeoeaiino? iiaeiia oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ianya
niiaeea/eo aa?oinoae, noai?aieo ia iaeeieoeth aeo?ao ae?iaie/eo
?ano?n?a. Iaaaaeaia aecia/aiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeicaiey? iaeii/anii
a?aooaaoe ?ioa?ane ae?iaieea, caoe?eaaeaiiai a aeiiii?? aeo?ao, oa
?ioa?ane niiaeeaa/a i?iaeoeoe??, yeee caaeiaieueiy? nai? iio?aae ye ??
e?euee?noth, oae ? ye?noth. I?e oeueiio aeoeaioo?oueny oaaaa
ea??aieoeoaa ia o?eueee ia iaiao?aeiino? o?aooaaiiy noeoiieo ae?iaie/eo
aeo?ao, aea e ia ianyc? niiaeea/eo aa?oinoae (ia a?aei?io a?ae o?ce/iiai
ianyao i?iaeoeoe??). E??i oiai, cacia/aiee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeicaiey? a?o/eciyiei i?aei?e?inoaai ?ioaa?oaaoeny a na?oiao aeiiii?/io
nenoaio.

Aeey oni?oiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth
i?aei?e?inoaa iaiao?aeii aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaii aecia/aoe eiei
iieaciee?a, ye? aeathoue oyao i?i ?aoe?iiaeuei?noue aeei?enoaiiy on?o
ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a, i?iaiaeeoe iiaio ioe?ieo oa?aeoa?o ?o ci?ie,
?ic?iaeyoe i?ia?aie uiaei aeei?enoaiiy aeyaeaieo ?aca?a?a oa eiio?ieth
?aae?caoe?? inoaiiuei?, oiaoi iine?aeiaii ?icaeyaeaoe caieiooee oeeee
caaaeaiue, ae??oaiiy yeeo e yaey? niaith i?ioean oi?aae?iiy
i?iaeoeoeai?noth .

O aeena?oaoe?? aeaii aiae?oe/io ioe?ieo i?iaeai iecueeiai ??aiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? cae?ci?oaeieo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?? ?? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie a ?eieiao, aeyaeaii, ui iiaoaeiaa
aoaeoeaieo iiaeaeae i?iaeoeoeaiino? oneeaaeith?oueny iaaaoeaiith ae??th
aaeeeiai /enea ciai?oi?o oa aioo??oi?o oaeoi??a. O ?iaio? c?iaeaii
aeniiaie, ui, oi/a ia?aaeoiiae aeieeiaiiy i?iaeai, ye? iaoiiaeee no?eeo
oaiaeaioe?th cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?, aoee o a?eueoino? coiiaeai?
ia’?eoeaieie oaeoi?aie (iiia?aaeiueith oaoiieia?/iith a?aenoae?noth,
iia??oaiiyi niaoeeo?/ieo aaeocaaeo oiia oa o?oaeiiuaie ia?aoiaeo aei
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee), iaeiae o ae??oaeuei?e i??? ?oi? caaino?aiiy
a?aeaoaaeiny ye aiane?aeie a?oaeo iiieeie o i?iaaaeaii? aea?aeaaii?
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee, oae ? o ?acoeueoao? ?ia?oiino? oi?aae?inueeiai
ia?niiaeo a??ie/eo i?aei?e?inoa a?aeiinii iaoiae?a, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny iei o ?iaio? ? ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue aaee/aciee ?ic?ea
i?ae i?aeoeeith ? ia?aaeiaith oai???th.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aeiiii?/iee aiae?c oa ioe?iea i?iaeoeoeaiino?
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a E?eaaano” aiae?cothoueny oaiaeaioe??
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aei?e?inoa ca /anoeiaeie iieacieeaie,
aeine?aeaeo?oueny nenoaia ca’yce?a oaeoi??a cae?ci?oaeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
cae?enith?oueny ioe?iea i?iaeoeoeaiino? ca aeo?aoaie.

Cae?eniaia a ?iaio? ?aa?c?y iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ye?
canoiniaothoueny cae?ci?oaeieie eiia?iaoaie E?eaaano, oa ioe?iea
aeeiai?ee ?oiuei? ci?ie iieacaee, ui iaoai?ci oi?aae?iiy
i?iaeoeoeai?noth ia i?aei?e?inoaao a?aenooi?e. Oeae aeniiaie
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ianooiiei:

· ia?ae?e iieaciee?a aeey ioe?iee i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaiaaeaiee. Oae,
ioe?iea i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeeai? i?aoe? cae?enith?oueny ia ??ai?
eiia?iao?a eeoa ca iieacieeii ae?ia?oeo oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe?? a
ii??aiyeueieo oe?iao ia iaeiiai i?aoe?aieea i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/iai
ia?niiaeo (IAI). Aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo cania?a o ae?iaieoeoa?
ioe?ith?oueny oiiaeia?aeaea/ath, a iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a — ci?iith ii?i
aeo?ao o ?ic??c? ?oi?o ie?aieo aeae?a. Ocaaaeueithth/a ioe?iea
aeei?enoaiiy an?o ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a ia i?iaiaeeoueny, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i a?aenooi?noue iaae?eii? ? ae/a?iii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey i?eeiyooy
aoaeoeaieo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue;

· caoaeaii ia??iae ii??aiyiiy ca?oii? ?ioi?iaoe??. sseui aei 1991 ?.
ioe?iea oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe?? c iaoith aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa aeeiioaaeany a oe?iao noaiii ia 01.01.1982 ?., oi c 1992 ?.
?? ?ic?aooiie , a oaeiae i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? cae?enith?oueny a
oe?iao aeaio noi?aeieo ?ie?a. Oiiaeia?aeaea/a c 1992 ?. ?ic?aoiao?oueny
o?eueee a oe?iao a?aeiia?aeieo ?ie?a, ui aeeeth/a? iiaeeea?noue
aoaeue-yeeo ii??aiyiue oeueiai iieacieea. Ioe?iea a?aeaea/? noeoiieo
iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a oaae ia i?iaiaeeoueny. Aaaaea?ii, ui iaiaaeaiiy
/aniaiai ?yaeo ?ioi?iaoe?? a oiiaao ?icaeoeo ?ioeyoe?? oa eiieo?aioe??
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a i?e ?ia?oiino? ea??aieoeoaa i?ecaiaeeoue aei
iaiaae?eiino? ieai?a, ui ?ic?iaeythoueny;

· aeiaaino?ieiaa ioe?iea ci?ie /anoeiaeo iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino?
cae?ci?oaeieo eiia?iao?a E?eaaano c aeae?eaiiyi aeaio ia??iae?a a
?oiueiio ?icaeoeo aeyaeea a ia??iae ia?iuoaaiiy oiaa?iiai aeioneo
i?iaeoeoe?? (aei 1989?.) oaiaeaioe?th i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?
oa aeo?ao iaoa??ae?a i?e iaeii/aniiio cieaeaii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
iniiaiiai eai?oaeo, a ca /an aeiiii?/ii? e?ece — iia??oaiiy aeei?enoaiiy
on?o ?ano?n?a, iniaeeai ?iai/i? neee oa iniiaiiai eai?oaeo;

· ie?aia aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie oaeoi??a a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, iaoa yeiai iieyaaea o aeiaeaoeiaiio a?aooaaii?
iaeii/aniiai aca?iiiai aieeao ci?ie on?o ?ano?n?a ia aeione, ?o
aca?iicai?iiino?, aeicaieeei c?iaeoe aeniiaie: aieiaiei oaeoi?ii o
i?ioeani caaaa/aiiy caeicieo ?oae ? iniiaiee eaiioae, ?ino aoaeoeaiinoi
aeei?enoaiiy yeiai ioeiith?oueny /a?ac iiaeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiinoi
i?aoei oa i?iaeoeoeaiinoi aeo?ao iaoa?iaeia;

· aeeth/aiiy aei aiaeico i?iaeoeoeaiinoi i?aei?e?inoaa oiiae ci?iiino?
oaeoi?ieo oe?i iieacaei ia?aaaaeiee aieea ia ciiio caaaeueieo ieoiieo
aeo?ao ci?ie i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeo?ao iaoa?iae?a, ui iia’ycaii ic no?eeith
oaiaeaioe??th ca?eueoaiiy ?oiuei? /anoee a niaiaa?oinoi. Iaeiae
iineeaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ciaiioiio oaeoi?ia ia aeo?aoiicoue
ae?iaieoeoaa a 90-o ?ieao i?ecaaei aei cieaeaiiy aeiia uiaei
aeei?enoaiiy anio ae?iaie/eo ?ano?nia.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “?ic?iaea iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy oaeoi?iith
i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?aei?e?inoaa” iaa?oioiaaii caaaeuei? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
aei ?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth
i?aei?e?inoaa, aeeeaaeai? cai?iiiiiaai? ?ioaa?iaaia aaaaoioaeoi?ia
iiaeaeue ioe?iee oa ieaioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aei?e?inoaa ? iaoiaeeea
ioe?iee i?iaeoeoeaiino? oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe? oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e.

Iiaeieaiiy iaaaoeaieo oaiaeaioe?e a ae?yeueiino? ai?ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo
eiia?iao?a E?eaaano iia’yco?oueny aaoi?ii c? noai?aiiyi iaoai?cio
oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?aei?e?inoaa. A?i iiaeiai aacoaaoeny ia
eiioeaioe?? ae?iaie/i? ooieoe?? o a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c iiaiei aeiiii?/iei
ci?noii iiiyooy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa a iaaeao a?aeiii? o na?oia?e
i?aeoeoe? aaaaoioaeoi?ii? iiaeae? aei??thaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? (AOIAI).

A?aeiia?aeii aei iiaeaii? no?oeoo?ii-eiai/ii? noaie i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy
i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?aei?e?inoaa (?en.1) ia 1-io aoai? i?iiiio?oueny
noai?eoe nenoaio aca?iiiia’ycaieo iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa, aeey /iai

22

iaiao?aeii :

· ei?eaoaaoe iieacieee i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia ci?io yeino? i?iaeoeoe??.
Aecia/aii, ui aeeiai?ea yeino? ?noioii iicia/a?oueny ia ci?iao
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aei?e?inoaa i?e iacia/ieo eieeaaiiyo aeioneo
i?iaeoeoe??, ui iaei i?noea aei 1989 ?. Iaeiae iaa?aooaaiiy oeueiai
oaeoi?o a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? e?ece oa iia’ycaiiai c iath ?icaeoeo
iioeyoei? iiaea i?ecaanoe aei iineaaeaiiy oaaae aiaeiinii iaaeniei?
yeinoi i?iaeoeoei?;

· aeiiiaieoe ioeiieo aeo?ao aeeai? i?aoei /anii, aiaei?aoeueiaaiei IAI
iiaei?e?inoaa. I?e/iio ae?iaioie ia aiaei?aoeueiaaio ethaeeii-aiaeeio
ia? aooe iniiaiei o a?oii iieacieeia i?iaeoeoeaiinoi i?aoei, oiio ui aii
iaeaieueo oi/ii a?aoiao? aniaeo ?icieoei /ano i?eeeaaeaiiy ?iai/i? neee.
Aeeiiaia ii?iaiyiiy iieacieeia ae?iaioeo aeyaeei, ui i?e c?inoaii?
oiaa?iiai aeioneo i?iaeoeoe?? ioeiiea ae?iaioeo ia iniiai /enaeueiinoi
caeiyoeo i?ecaiaeeoue aei caaeuaiiy oaiiia ?inoo i?iaeoeoeaiinoi i?aoei,
a a oiiaao aeiiiii/ii? e?ece — aei caaeuaiiy oaiiia ?? cieaeaiiy;

· aeii?thaaoe i?iaeoeoeaiinoue iniiaiiai eaiioaeo a ?eieiaeo oiiaao, aea
ia? iinoea oeeeei/iee oa?aeoa? ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa, niiaaiaeiioaiiyi
aeioneo i?iaeoeoe?? oa eaiioaeo, ui canoiniao?oueny, aai, ui
?iaiicia/ii, aiaeiioaiiyi ae?iaie/i? iiooaeiinoi aei iayaiiai eaiioaeo;

· ioeiithaaoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue iaoa?iaeueieo aeo?ao, aeey /iai iio??aii
nenoaiaoe/ii ?ic?aoiaoaaoe iiaeeaiaeoaeueii aeey eiaeiiai iiaei?e?inoaa
aeaoeyoi?e ia iniia? aecia/aii? aea??ee ?ano?n?a-i?aaenoaaiee?a;

· ia/enethaaoe caaaeueio i?iaeoeoeaiinoue iiaei?e?inoaa /a?ac
aiaeiioaiiy oiaa?iiai aeioneo i?iaeoeoe?? aei noia?ieo aeo?ao c
o?aooaaiiyi onio ?ano?nia /a?ac ?oi?e iaeie a ii?iaiyeueieo oeiiao i
noaaeao ia aeei?enoaio /anoeio caniaia ae?iaieoeoaa oa iineoa;

· i?eaanoe iae?e noeoiieo aeo?ao a ioe?ioe? caaaeueii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? o
aiaeiiaiaeiinoue aei eeane/iiai aecia/aiiy aeo?ao i?aei?e?iieoeueei?
ae?yeueiino?, yea ia ?iaeoue iaae? a aeaea?aeao ?o ooai?aiiy.

Niianoaaeaiiy no?oeoo?e noeoiieo aeo?ao ca aeaea?aeaie ?o ooai?aiiy
iieacaei, ui iaoa?iaeueii aeo?aoe oeieeii oi?iothoueny ca ?aooiie
niaiaa?oinoi. Aeo?aoe ia iieaoo i?aoei e iniiaiiai eai?oaeo oi?iothoueny
oaeiae ? ca ?aooiie i?eaooeo, i?e/iio /anoea inoaiiueiai aeaea?aea
iinoieii caieueoo?oueny, a ca aeo?aoaie ia iieaoo i?aoei ? iei?
ia?aaaaeiith.

Iiai? aeo?aoe iniiaiiai eai?oaeo (AE) aeey ioe?iee i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa aecia/athoueny ca oi?ioeith:
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 ,
(1)

aea IE?1 — iiaia aa?o?noue ?-ai aeaeo iniiaiiai eai?oaeo, ui
canoiniao?oueny o ae?iaieoeoai, a iioi/ieo oe?iao;

?oe? — ?iaeaen oe?i ia ?-e aeae eai?oaeo;

Iiai — na?aaeiy ii?ia aii?oecaoe?? aaceniiai ia??iaeo;

Iii? — ii?ia i?eaooeo ia iniiaiee eai?oae o aaceniiio ia??iae?.

Aeioiaeiee eiiiiiaio o aeo?aoao iniiaiiai eai?oaeo ?icaeyaea?oueny
ye aeo?aoe i?eaooeiaiai i?iaeoeoo ia ?icoe?aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??
a oaii? i?e?inoo Ii?, aea:

Ii? = *i ?ie , (2)

aea *- /anoea ae?iaie/eo iaeiie/aiue o /enoiio i?eaooeo;

?ie — ?aioaaaeuei?noue iniiaiiai eai?oaeo.

Ie?aia aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ii?ie iaeiie/aiiy oa aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo ia caaaeueio oaeoi?io i?iaeoeoeai?noue
i?aei?e?inoaa iieacaei, ui oaiaeaioeiy cieaeaiiy inoaiiuei? ia 82,6%
coiiaeaia naia ciaioaiiyi /anoee iaeiie/aiue.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a aeena?oaoe??, oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?aei?e?inoaa
neiae cina?aaeeoe ia oaeoi?ieo aeo?aoao. Oea iaoiiaeaii oei, ui ?io?
aeo?aoe (ca aeiyoeii aeiaeaoeiaeo oaeoi?ieo, ye? cae?eniththoueny ca
?aooiie i?eaooeo) oi?iothoueny caeaa?eueoiai i?ae aieeaii ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua. O ca’yceo c oeei i?iiiio?oueny aaanoe aei iaoeiaiai iaa?oo
aiae?oe/iee iieaciee caaaeueii? oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aei?e?inoaa
(COI), yeee ?ic?aoiao?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

picscalex100010009000003060100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02800440131200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb7ffffff00130000370400000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000e00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
540216060500000013025402fe1217000000fb0240fe0000000000009001010000cc0002
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdd040000002d0101000c000000
320ac002400003000000c7d4cf00eb006601660109000000320aa701ca0b01000000cf00
66010a000000320a2604360602000000ccc2c0012e010c000000320a2604d10a03000000
c7cecf00eb005b0166010a000000320a2604571002000000c2ca2e01440110000000fb02
40fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0102000400
0000f001010009000000320ac0029a04010000003d00f60009000000320a260477090100
00002b00f60009000000320a2604fd0e010000002b00f6000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000000000000000000000ff
ffff000000000000000000ffffff00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
00000000000000000000000000000000320a ,
(3)

aea I — noeoiia i?iaeoeoe?y i?aei?e?inoaa a oe?iao aaceniiai ia??iaeo;

IA — iaoa??aeuei? aeo?aoe ia aeione i?iaeoeoe?? a ii??aiyeueieo oe?iao
aaceniiai ia??iaeo;

CII — caaaeuei? aeo?aoe ia iieaoo i?aoe? a noaaeao aaceniiai ia??iaeo;

AE — iiai? aeo?aoe iniiaiiai eai?oaeo a noaaeao aaceniiai ia??iaeo.

?aae?caoe?y iiaeaieo i?iiiceoe?e a iaaeao AOIAI aeicaiey? ia’?eoeaii
ioe?ieoe ??ai? oaeoi?ii? oa caaaeueii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.
I?e oeueiio /?oei aecia/athoueny iai?yiee ci?ie iieaciee?a, ?oi?e aieea
ia i?eaooeia?noue i?aei?e?inoaa, ui a noeoiiino? oa?aeoa?eco? ianya
?ia?o 2-ai aoaio ?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy ca
e?eoa???i i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

Iaeiae ioeiiea i?iaeoeoeaiinoi a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa
E?eaaano ia iniiai AOIAI iieacaea iaii?iaiyeuei?noue ?icii?o aaee/eie
i?eaooeo aianeiaeie ciii o i?iaeoeoeaiinoi oa o iie?eoo? aeo?ao.
Iane?aeeii oaei? ioe?iee iinoa? iaii?oaaiiy i?iaeaie iacaaeia?eueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo ?ano?nia. Oiio aaaeeeaith i?iaeaiith ?
a?aeie?aieaiiy aieeao ?ioeyoe?eiiai c?inoaiiy oeii ia i?eaooie,
iaeiaeiaiai aeey onio nii?iaeiaieo iiaei?e?inoa. Oea aea? iiaeeeainoue
aecia/eoe ?icii? eiio?ieueiaaieo oiiainiaeo ao?ao iiaei?e?inoaa.

Ne?ae i?aee?aneeoe, ui ?icaeoie ?ioeyoe?? aieeaa? ia i?eaooie /a?ac
ci?io oe?i ia ie?ai? neeaaeia? i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa: iaoa??aeuei?
?ano?ne, i?aoeth, iniiaiee eai?oae, i?iaeoeoe?th. Eiaeia aaeocue ia?
nai? ?ioeyoe?eia na?aaeiaeua, ui iaoiiaeaii niaoeeo?eith ae?iaieoeoaa
naii? i?iaeoeoe??. Oiio a ?ic?aooieao aeeiai?ee i?eaooeiaino?
ae?iaieoeoaa iio??aii iaeii/anii a?aoiaoaaoe aaeocaa? oaiie ?ioeyoe??
caooo oa ?ioeyoe?? aeo?ao ca ?o aeaeaie. Cai?iiiiiaaii c o?aooaaiiyi
iiaeaenia iioeyoei? caooo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 oa
iioeyoei? aeo?ao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 ?ic?aooiie
aieeao ia i?eaooie eii’thieoo?ieo ci?i oe?i (Ieci) cae?enithaaoe ca
ianooiiith oi?ioeith:
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 , (4)

aea ?oei?iae -?iaeaen oe?i ia noeoiio i?iaeoeoe?th i?aei?e?inoaa;

?oe?an -?iaeaen oe?i ia ie?aio a?oio ?ano?n?a (aai ia ?o noeoii?noue)
i?aei?e?inoaa;

Ai — aeo?aoe ii a?oi? ?ano?n?a (aai ?o noeoiiino?) a aaceniiio ia??iae?.

Aieea ia i?eaooie ?ioeyoe?eieo i?ioean?a aecia/a?oueny ye caeeoie eiai
caaaeueii? ci?ie i?ney ae?aooaaiiy o?iainiaiai aea?aoo (ao?aoe) a?ae
ci?ie i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aei?e?inoaa oa eii’thieoo?ieo ci?i oe?i.

Aecia/aiiy ?ici??o ?ioeyoe?eiiai c?inoaiiy i?eaooeo aeicaiey?
aei-ne?aeaeoaaoe eiai no?oeoo?o a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeaea?ae ooai?aiiy.
Aea aeey ?ic?iaee iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii aaaeeeai ciaoe
?ici?? eiio?ieueiaaieo o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino?. Oiio aaoi?
aaaaea?, ui oi?aae?iiy i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?aei?e?inoaa a inoaoi/iiio
i?aenoieo caiaeeoueny aei aecia/aiiy eiio?ieueiaaieo o?iainiaeo ao?ao oa
?ic?iaee caoiae?a uiaei ?oiuei? i?i?i?caoe??. Iaeaeua aoaeoeai?noue
aoaea aeinyaiooa i?e ioeueiaeo o?iainiaeo ao?aoao. Caaaeuei? o?iainia?
ao?aoe, ui iathoue aooe ia?ae?eo? c?inoaiiyi oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa, neeaaeathoueny c ao?ao aiane?aeie iai?iaeoeoeaieo aeo?ao
oa i?ia?aoo a eii’thieoo??. Ioaea, ?acoeueoaoii i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia? aooe i?e??no i?eaooeo, ui /enaeueii aei??aith?
aeuaiacaaiei o?iainiaei ao?aoai.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieia oiiainiaeo ao?ao ii Iiaii/iiio ACEo ia iniiai
AOIAI na?ae/aoue, ui ?aaeueii ao?aoe i?eaooeo neeaee 126,7iei.a?i.,
?icii? i no?oeoo?o yeeo iiaeia aaaaeaoe no?aoaai/ieie “i?iaaeeiaie”
eiiaiiaoo. Ioeiiea

caaaeueieo caeoeia iieacaea, ui iaeaea iieiaeia ?o (49,2%) i?eiaaea? ia
aeo?aoe iniiaiiai eaiioaeo, 30,2% — ia iaoa?iaeueii aeo?aoe oa 20,5% —
ia aeo?aoe ii iieao? i?aoe?. Aeecueei 40% ?aaeueieo caeoe?a iia’ycaii c
iai?iaeoeoeaiei aeei-?enoaiiyi ?ano?n?a, c ieo 60,9% — c iia??oaiiyi
aeei?enoaiiy eai?oaeo, 20,7% — ?iai/i? neee oa 9,4% — noeoiieo
iaoa??ae?a. Oi/a iniiaia /anoeia ?aaeueieo caeoe?a I?ai?/iiai ACEo
iia’ycaia c ia?ioeyoe?eiei iaiie?eooyi aeo?ao, iaeiae a oiiaao aeniei?
aeo?aoiino? cae?ci?oaeii? i?iaeoeoe?? a iniia? o?iainiaiai iea-ioaaiiy
iiaeiia noaoe ?ic?iaea caoiae?a uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy oaeoi?ii?
i?iaeoeoe-aiino?. I?e/iio naia ?? c?inoaiiy ? iniiaiei caniaii
eiiiainaoe?? caeoe?a, oiio ui ae??, ni?yiiaai? ia iie?ioaiiy
aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a, oe?eeii i?aeeiio?ieuei? ea??aieoeoao
aoaeue-yeiai i?aei?e?inoaa.

Aeey aecia/aiiy ?ici??o i?aeaeuaiiy oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa, ui ia? eiiiainoaaoe iayai? o?iainia? ao?aoe, aoea
?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue, yea iieno? caeaaei?noue ?aaeueiiai i?eaooeo a?ae
nooiaiy aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a a?aeiinii o?ueio iniiaieo
oaeoi??a ae?iaieoeoaa. ?? i?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y aecia/eea ?ici??e
iaiao?aeiiai c?inoaiiy /anoeiai? oa caaaeueii? oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
I?ai?/iiai ACEo (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Ieaiiaaia ca?eueoaiiy oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeey eiiiainaoe??
iayaieo

o?iainiaeo ao?ao oa eiai aieea ia iieacieee

ae?yeueiino? I?ai?/iiai ACEo (2010 ?. o % aei 1995 ?.)

Aa??aioe c?inoaiiy caaaeueii?

oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?

IieacieeeIie?eooy

iai?iaeoeoea-

ieo aeo?aoA?aeoeiaeoaaiiy

ao?ao /a?ac

eii’thieoo?i?

ci?ie o oe?iaoIiaia iie?eooy eiio?ieueiaaieo

o?iainiaeo ao?ao

1.I?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?

2.I?iaeoeoeai?noue iniiaiiai eai?oaeo

3.I?iaeoeoeai?noue (aoae-oeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy) iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a

4.Caaaeueia oaeoi?ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue

5.Oiaa?iee aeione

6.*enaeuei?noue IAI

7.C?inoaiiy i?eaooeo (iei. a?i.)

63,8

54,0

15,3

38,5

53,8

-6,2

51,3

45,3

53,7

105,8

75,3

53,4

5,6

75,4

109,1

107,7

121,1

113,8

107,3

-0,6

126,7Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue, ui iaeaieueoee i?e??no oaeoi?ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? eiia?iaoo ia? aooe caaacia/aii o a?aeiioaii? ia?aaaaeii?
a?oie ?ano?nia, a naia iaoa?iaeia. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy ieaiiaaieo ??ai?a
i?iaeoeoeaiino? oiaa?iee aeione I?ai?/iiai ACEo 1995 ?ieo iaiao?aeii
ca?eueoeoe iaeaea oaea?/?, ui aeicaieeoue ?noioii i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue
inai?iiy i?iaeoieo iiooaeiinoae oa nei?ioeoe aeo?aoe ae?iaie/eo
?ano?n?a.

Caaaeueia i?ia?aia caoiae?a uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
I?ai?/iiai ACEo (3-e aoai i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy) iiaeiia neeaaeaoeny c
ia?aaaaeiith i???ioaoe??th ia iie?ioaiiy aeei?enoaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo
oa eiai “?ic/enoeo”. Aei ?ioeo caoiae?a ne?ae oaeiae a?aeianoe ia?aaeyae
ooaoii-iinaaeiaeo ?iceeaae?a c iaoith noai?aiiy iioeiaeueieo ca
/enaeuei?noth no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy, nei?i/aiiy aeiiii?aeieo neoaea ca
?aooiie ?oiuei? oeaio?ae?caoe?? a ?aa?ii? o oe?eiio. Iniaeeaa cia/aiiy
ia? iiooe aeaoaaeo aeaea?ae aia?a??, i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? cae?ci?oaeii?
i?iaeoeoe?? oa caieueoaiiy /anoee ae?iaie/eo iaeiie/aiue aeey iiiaeaiiy
oaoii/ieo caniaia.

Ni?anoaaeaiiy aeeiai?ee i?iaeoeoeaiino? on?o a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo
eiia?iao?a E?eaaano iieacaei ?o iaeaea iiaio ?aeaioe/i?noue. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oa, ui ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
I?ai?/iiai ACEo a ??ai?e i??? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ia ?ioeo
cae?ci?oaeieo eiia?iaoao.

A?aoiaoth/e, ui ?acoeueoao ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa oaeiae caeaaeeoue ? a?ae oi?aae?inueeeo oaeoi??a,
aaaaea?ii iaiao?aeiei ie?aii aeine?aeaeoaaoe aoaeoeaiinoue cae?eniaiiy
i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy. Aeey oeueiai ne?ae i?aai?coaaoe iiaiee iae?e aeo?ao
ia oi?aae?iiy c a?aeie?aieaiiyi aeo?ao ia ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? oa ia
iniia? iaoiaeo ?iceeaaeaiiy caaaeueii? aeiaeaii? aa?oino? aecia/aoe
i?iaeoeoeai?noue oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe? oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e.

Iaeiae aoaeo aiae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iioi?iaoeieieo oaoiieiaie ia iiaeia
caanoe eeoa aei caeaoaaeaiiy i?ioeano oi?aaeiiiy. Aieiaia iaoa
aaoiiaoecaoei? oi?aaeiinueei? i?aoei iieyaa? o iiaeeeainoi ioiieaiiy
aieueoiai ianeao ?eieiai? iioi?iaoei? oa nai?/aniinoi i?eeiyooy
oi?aaeiinueeeo ?ioaiue, ui ? i?ioeaei?th cieaeaiiy i?eaooeiainoi ?iaioe
iiaei?e?inoaa. Ioaea, ?acoeueoao aoaeoeaiinoi i?ioeano oi?aaeiiiy, o
oiio /ene? e iioi?iaoeieieo oaoiieiaie, i?iiiio?oueny iia’ycaoe ic
no?aoaai/iei iieiaeaiiyi iiaei?e?inoaa, yea aecia/a?oueny oaeeie
iieacieeaie ye ?eieiaa /anoea, aaeainiaee i?eaooie, ?aioaaieueiinoue
iniiaiiai eaiioaeo.

?aae?caoe?y iiaeaei caeaaeiinoi ?aaeueiiai i?eaooeo aiae ciiie
i?iaeoeoeaiinoi oi?aaeiinueei? i?aoei i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui iioeiaeueiee ??
?iaaiue aoaea caaacia/aii i?e iiaiie eieaiaeaoei? eiio?ieueiaaieo
oiiainiaeo ao?ao. sse ?ac oea caieueoeoue aeiaeaio oi?aaeiiiyi aa?oinoue
? aeiaeaoeiai caeiiiieoue aeo?aoe ia oi?aae?iiy iaeaea ia 15%.

Aeey cae?eniaiiy eiio?ieth ca ?aae?caoe??th i?ia?ai i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aei?e?inoaa (4-e aoai i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy)
i?iiiio?oueny noai?eoe a?aeae?e ioe?iee i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Eiai ooieoe??
iieyaaoeiooue o iaeiie/aii? aeo?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe?? noiniaii oaeoi?ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ?? ia?iaoe? o aeaeyae? oaeineiiaeaii? AOIAI, a oaeiae o
?ic?iaoe? aeae?eueeio noeaia???a aeinyaiaiiy aecia/aiiai ?ici??o
noeoiieo aeo?ao ia iniia? ??cieo aa??aio?a i?iaiicieo oe?i ia ?ano?ne
oa i?iaeoeoe?th. A iiaeaeueoiio ia iniia? aa??aioo, yeiio aoaea
a?aeaeaia ia?aaaaa, ?ic?iaeyoeiooueny eiie?aoi? caoiaee.

AENIIAEE

1. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? iaei??th c aaciaeo aeiiii?/ieo
eaoaai??e, e?euee?nia ioe?iea yei? anaa?/ii oa?aeoa?eco? noai ? ?icaeoie
i?aei?e?inoaa. Aeoiaey/e c “oe?ieiai” ?icoi?iiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ??
aieea ia ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa i?iyaey?oueny a ci?i?
noeoiieo aeo?ao ia aeione iaeeieoe? i?iaeoeoe??.

2. Ae??oaiiy i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo ?c cieaeaiiyi aeo?aoii?noeino?
i?iaeoeoe??, iaiiaeeeaa aac noai?aiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?aei?e?inoaa, yea i?noeoue a nia? ?ic?iaeo
aeinoia??ieo aei??thaa/?a i?iaeoeoe?? oa aeo?ao, ioe?ieo ??ai?a
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, i?eeiyooy a?aeiia?aeieo aei ?acoeueoao?a iiia?aaeiuei?
ioe?iee oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue oa cae?eniaiiy eiio?ieth ca ?o
i?iaaaeaiiyi.

3. C iaoith iiaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano
cai?iiiiiaaii noai?eoe nenoaio aca?iiiia’ycaieo iieaciee?a
i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Ia a?aei?io a?ae ?nioth/iai i?aeoiaeo aei aiae?co
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy ioe?iee ia ca
?ici??ii iayaieo ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a, a ca ?ano?naie, ui ae?enii
canoiniaothoueny o ae?iaieoeoa?. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue a?aeie?aieoe
aieea ciai?oi?o oaeoi??a oa i?aaeeueii aecia/eoe iai?yiee iie?ioaiiy
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa a oe?eiio.

4. Ioe?iea i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aei?e?inoaa eeoa ca /anoeiaeie iieacieeaie
? iaaeinoaoiueith, ine?eueee aiia ia iia’ycaia c o?iainiaei aiae?cii oa
ieaioaaiiyi. C iaoith ?ioaa?aoe?? oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii c oi?aae?iiyi
o?iainaie oaeineiiaeaii oeiiao oi?io AOIAI oeyoii a?aeie?aieaiiy aieeao
?ioeyoe?? ia i?eaooeia?noue ? aecia/aiiy eiio?ieueiaaieo o?iainiaeo
ao?ao.

5. Caaaeuei? eiio?ieueiaai? o?iainia? ao?aoe i?aei?e?inoaa, ye?
neeaaeathoueny ?c ao?ao aiane?aeie iai?iaeoeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
?ano?n?a oa ia?ioeyoe?eiiai iaiie?eooy aeo?ao, iathoue aooe ia?ae?eo?
c?inoaiiyi oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Aeey aecia/aiiy eiai ?icii?o
?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue caeaaeiino? ?aaeueiiai i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoaa a?ae
oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo cia/aiue i i?iaiic?a
iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th aecia/aii ieaiiaai? oaoi?ei — aeiiii?/i?
iieacieee ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.

6. Aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei oi?aae?iiy
i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?aei?e?inoaa. Aiii ia? aooe cina?aaeaeaia ia ia on?o
ae?iaie/eo aeo?aoao, a eeoa ia oaeoi?ieo, ?ici?? ? oa?aeoa? aeei?enoaiiy
yeeo oe?eeii i?aeeiio?ieuei? aoaeue-yeiio i?aei?e?inoao.

7. Aecia/aii, ui ca?eueoaiiy ieoiii? aaae i?eaooeiaiai i?iaeoeoo, yeee
ni?yiiao?oueny ia oi?ioaaiiy oaeoi?ieo aeo?ao, coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue
?ic?aooie?a /anoeiai? oa caaaeueii? oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia iniia?
iiaieo oaeoi?ieo aeo?ao.

8. Aeey ioe?iee nooiaiy aieeao aeo?ao iniiaiiai eai?oaeo, ui ? eeth/iaei
oaeoi?ii a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ia caaaeueio
i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeioe?eueiei aaaaea?oueny aeae?eaiiy o aeioiaei?e
neeaaeia?e aeo?ao /anoee ae?iaie/eo iaeiie/aiue oa ?aioaaaeueiino?
iniiaiiai eai?oaeo.

9. C?inoaiiy aeo?ao ia oi?aae?iiy oa ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? a oiiaao
cieaeaiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa iaoiiaeei iaiao?aei?noue
aecia/aiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe? /a?ac ?iceeaaeaiiy
aeiaeaii? aa?oino? ca oaeoi?aie ae?iaieoeoaa c o?aooaaiiyi iiaieo
oi?aae?inueeeo aeo?ao. I?ae oei iiaia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino?
oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe? iiaeiia aecia/aoeny ia eeoa iieacieeaie
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, aea e i??ith ?oiueiai aieeao ia no?aoaa?/ia iieiaeaiiy
i?aei?e?inoaa o ?eieiaiio na?aaeiaeu?. Iioeiaeueiee ??aaiue
i?iaeoeoeaiino? oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe? caaacia/o?oueny ca oiia
e?ea?aeaoe?? aecia/aieo eiio?ieueiaaieo o?iainiaeo ao?ao oa
oaeineiiaeaiiy naii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy.

10. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai aaoi?ii iaoiaee/iiai iiaeoiaeo aei
?ic?iaee iaoaiicio oi?aaeiiiy i?iaeoeoeaiinoth iiaei?e?inoaa caaacia/o?
eiai aeiaaino?ieiaa i?eaooeiaa ooieoeiiioaaiiy, cia/ii iiaeaeuo?
iia?aoeaiinoue oa iaa?oioiaaiiinoue oi?aaeiinueeeo ?ioaiue.

NIENIE IIOAEIEIAAIEO IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe

1. Aieioeia N.A. ?ac?aaioea iaoaiecia oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth
Naaa?iiai ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiiai eiiaeiaoa // Iiaia a oaoiieiaee,
oaoieea e yeiiiieea ia?a?aaioee ieia?aeueiiai nu?uey. *. 1: Na. iao/iuo
o?oaeia. — E?eaie ?ia: Ecae-ai ei-oa Iaoaiia?/a?iao. — 1998. — N.
149-156.

2. Aieioeia N.A. Yeiiiie/aneia iainiiaaiea iioeiaeueiiai niioiioaiey
?ano?nia a ioeaiea niaieoiiie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiiai eiiaeiaoa // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee.
Aeiiii?ea. — 1998. — ? 34 (101). —

N. 1-9.

3. Aieioeia N.A. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea ioeaiee iioiea ?ano?nia a iiaeaee
oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth i?aaei?eyoey // I?eaei?i?ianueeee
iaoeiaee a?niee. Aeiiii?ea. — 1998. — ? 34 (101).-N. 9-14.

4. Aieioeia N.A.Ioe?iea i?iaeoeoeaiino? oi?aae?inueei? i?aoe? oa
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e ia cae?ci?oaeieo eiia?iaoao E?eaaano //
I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Aeiiii?ea. — 1998. — ? 48 (115).-N.
34-39.

5. Aieioeia N.A. ?ioaa?iaaia aaaaoioaeoi?ia iiaeaeue ioe?iee oa
ieaioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aei?e?inoaa // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee
a?niee. Aeiiii?ea. — 1998. — ? 48 (115).-N. 39-43.

6. Aai?iaa E.A., Aieioeia N.A. Aeeyiea aini?iecaiaenoaa e yooaeoeaiinoe
eniieueciaaiey iniiaiuo oiiaeia ia i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue e oeiainiaua
?acoeueoaou ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiiai eiiaeiaoa // ?ac?aaioea ?oaeiuo
ianoi?iaeaeaiee. — E?eaie ?ia: EOO.- 1996.- Auione ?59.- N.5-9.

7. Aieioeia N.A. Iaoiaeieiae/aneea i?iaeaiu ecia?aiey e ioeaiee
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe // ?ac?aaioea ?oaeiuo ianoi?iaeaeaiee. — E?eaie
?ia: EOO.- 1996.- Auione ?59.- N.9-12.

8. Aieioeia N.A. Enneaaeiaaiea oaiaeaioeee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea
ia ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo eiiaeiaoao E?eaaanna // Iao/ii-eiaeaia?iua
i?iaeaiu ai?ii-iaoaeeo?ae/aneiai eiiieaena.-1997.- ?3.-N.20-22.

9. Aieioeia N.A. O/ao eiiuthieoo?iuo eciaiaiee ia ?uiea ?ano?nia a
oi?aaeaiee niaieoiiie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth aeaeaci?oaeiuo
i?aaei?eyoee // I?aoe? I?aeia?. eiio. “Ia?eaoeia o nenoai? oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii”. – E.: EAeAO. – 1996.-N.23-24.

10. Aieioeia N.A. ?ai?iaa ?.A. Ioe?iea aieeao ?ici??o aeo?ao
?iaanoiaaiiai iniiaiiai eai?oaeo ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aei?e?inoaa //
I?aoe? o/aiai-iaoiae. eiio. “Eiii’thoa?i? oaoiieia?? a
o/aiai-iaoiaee/i?e, iaoeia?e oa ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/i?e ae?yeueiino? aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a Oe?a?ie”. — E.: OO?IA.-1998.-N.24-26.

11. Aieioeia N.A. Aeei?enoaiiy iieaciee?a oaeoi?ii? ? caaaeueii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? a ioe?ioe? aeioe?eueiino? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa // I?aoe? I?aeia?. eiio.
“?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aeiiii?ee oa ?iaanoeoe?? a Oe?a?i?”. — *a?i?aoe?:
*AeO.-1998.-N.90-91.

O i?aoeyo, iaienaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa?:
[6] — a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei caaacia/aiiy
ii??aiyeueiino? aa?o?nieo iieaciee?a oa o aecia/aii? ii?i cai?uaiiy
i?aoe? eai?oaeii, [10] — a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeo
aeo?ao iniiaiiai eai?oaeo.

AIIOAOeIss

Aieioeia N.A. Oi?aaeiiiy i?iaeoeoeaiinoth iiaei?e?inoaa (ia i?eeeaaei
ai?ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiiaiiaoia E?eai?icueeiai aanaeio). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiiii/ieo
iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 08.07.01 — aeiiiiiea i?iieneiainoi.– ?aaea ii
aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoei? ?ic?iaeaii ieoaiiy, yei aeicaieythoue iiaoaeoaaoe
aei?caeaoiee aeiiiii/iee iaoaiici oi?aaeiiiy i?iaeoeoeaiinoth
iiaei?e?inoaa. Iaa?oioiaaii eiiieaenio nenoaio iieacieeia aeii?thaaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiinoi, yea aaco?oueny ia eiioeaioei? ae?iaie/i? ooieoei?.
Aeineiaeaeaii oaiaeaioei? oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi
ai?ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiiaiiaoia E?eaaano. Aeieacaii iaiaoiaeiinoue
oi?aaeiiiy i?iaeoeoeaiinoth /a?ac aeaeieaiiy eiio?ieueiaaieo oiiainiaeo
ao?ao oa ?ic?iaeo caoiaeia uiaei ?oiuei? iiiiiicaoei?. ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy eiio?ieueiaaieo oiiainiaeo ao?ao iiaei?e?inoaa.
Cai?iiiiiaaii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iieacieea caaaeueii? oaeoi?ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiinoi. Ia iniiai oaeineiiaeaii? aaaaoioaeoi?ii? iiaeaei
aeii?thaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiinoi aeeiiaii ii?iaiyiiy ?eieiaeo iiceoeie
Iiaii/iiai ACEo oa eiai eiieo?aioia, aecia/aii ?icii? iiaeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiinoi aeey eiiiainaoei? ?aaeueieo oiiainiaeo ao?ao,
?ic?aoiaaii ciiio iniiaieo iieacieeia i?e ?icieo aa?iaioao c?inoaiiy
caaaeueii? oaeoi?ii? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi. Oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioeiiee
i?iaeoeoeaiinoi oi?aaeiinueei? i?aoei oeyoii aecia/aiiy ?? cay’ceo ?c
no?aoaa?/iei iieiaeaiiyi i?aei?e?inoaa, anoaiiaeaii ?? iioeiaeueiee
?iaaiue. ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy i?eeiyoi aei i?aeoe/iiai
aeei?enoaiiy.

Eeth/iai neiaa: oi?aaeiiiy i?iaeoeoeaiinoth, aeiiiii/iee iaoaiici,
oaeoi?ia i caaaeueia i?iaeoeoeaiicoue, oiiainiai ao?aoe,
ai?ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueii eiiaiiaoe.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aieioeia N.A. Oi?aaeaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth i?aaei?eyoey (ia
i?eia?a ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo eiiaeiaoia E?eai?iaeneiai aannaeia). —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.01 — yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiiinoe. – Niaao ii
eco/aieth i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee Oe?aeiu IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaiu aii?inu, iicaieythuea iino?ieoue
aeaaniiniaiue yeiiiie/aneee iaoaieci oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth
i?aaei?eyoey. Iaiauaiu nouanoaothuea ioa/anoaaiiua e ca?oaaaeiua
oai?aoe/aneea iiaeoiaeu e iiieiaieth yeiiiie/aneie nouiinoe
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe, ooi/iaii iniiaiia ii?aaeaeaiea aeaiiie eaoaai?ee.
Onoaiiaeaiu a?aieoeu e oneiaey i?eiaiaiey /anoiuo iieacaoaeae
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe, ii?aaeaeaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue a? iaiauathuae ioeaiee
ia o?iaia iniiaiiai oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa – i?aaei?eyoey. Iainiiaaia
eiiieaeniay nenoaia iieacaoaeae ecia?aiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey, aace?othuayny ia eiioeaioeee i?iecaiaenoaaiiie ooieoeee e
o/eouaathuay eciaiaiey ea/anoaaiiuo ia?aiao?ia auioneaaiie i?iaeoeoeee.
I?aaeeiaeaii aiaae?aiea iieacaoaey iauae oaeoi?iie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey. Nenoaiaoece?iaaiu aiaoiea e aioo?aiiea oaeoi?u,
ieacuaathuea nouanoaaiiia aeeyiea ia aeeiaieeo i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
aeaeaci?oaeiuo i?aaei?eyoee Oe?aeiu a ia?eiae oi?ie?iaaiey ?uii/iuo
ioiioaiee.

Onoaiiaeaiu oaiaeaioeee oaeoi?iie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe iyoe
ai?iiiaiaaoeoaeueiuo eiiaeiaoia E?eai?iaeneiai aeaeaci?oaeiiai aannaeia,
enneaaeiaaia nenoaia naycae oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaa, auiieiaia ioeaiea eo
aeeyiey ia iau?i i?iecaiaenoaa, ii?aaeaeaiu ii?iu caiauaiey o?oaea
eaieoaeii, auyaeaia caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo aeeiaieeie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
e eciaiaieai no?oeoo?u cao?ao, a oaeaea aeeyiea naeaeaia a
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe ia i?eaueue. Onoaiiaeaiu iauea caeiiiia?iinoe a
?acaeoee ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa e i?e/eiu iaaaoeaiuo
oaiaeaioeee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe a ?ac?aca ioaeaeueiuo a?oii
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ?ano?nia.

A ?aaioa onoaiiaeaii ianiaa?oainoai nouanoaothueo
iaoiaeieiae/aneeo iiaeoiaeia e ii?aaeaeaieth i?ei?eoaoia a ?acaeoee
i?aaei?eyoey, iaiicaieythueo aeoeaioe?iaaoue aieiaiea ?oeiaiaenoaa ia
aniaeoao iiauoaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe. A?aoiaioe?iaaia aeooaeueiinoue
oi?aaeaiey ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiui i?aaei?eyoeai ii e?eoa?eth
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe. ?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii nicaeaieth e
aiaae?aieth a i?aeoeeo iaoaiecia oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth,
ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua yoaiu yoiai i?ioeanna, aeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?aaio
ia eaaeaeii ec ieo. Aeieacaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue oi?aaeaiey
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth i?aaei?eyoey /a?ac auaeaeaiea eiio?iee?oaiuo
oeiainiauo iioa?ue e ?ac?aaioeo ia? ii eo ieieiecaoeee. Ii?aaeaeai
ninoaa e ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey eiio?iee?oaiuo oeiainiauo
iioa?ue i?aaei?eyoey. Ia iniiaa oniaa?oainoaiaaiiie iiiaioaeoi?iie
iiaeaee ecia?aiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe auiieiaii n?aaiaiea ?uii/iuo
iiceoeee Naaa?iiai AIEa e aai eiieo?aioia, ii?aaeaeai ?acia? iiauoaiey
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe aeey eiiiainaoeee ?aaeueiuo oeiainiauo iioa?ue,
?ann/eoaiu eciaiaiey iniiaiuo iieacaoaeae i?e ?aciuo aa?eaioao iiauoaiey
iauae oaeoi?iie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe. A iniiao i?iaiiciuo ?an/?oia
iieiaeaiu auyaeaiiua acaeiinayce iaaeaeo i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth e
aeeythueie ia ia? ia?aiaiiuie aaee/eiaie, a oaeaea oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey
ie?iaiai ?uiea aeaeaciie ?oaeu.

O/eouaay eaieoaei?ieee oa?aeoa? ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa, ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaee/aneea iniiau enneaaeiaaiey aeeyiey ia
iauoth oaeoi?ioth i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue i?aaei?eyoey ioaeaeueiuo
yeaiaioia cao?ao iniiaiiai eaieoaea, a /anoiinoe, aeiee
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iaeiieaiee. Ii?aaeaeaii, /oi ieceee o?iaaiue
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iaeiieaiee ia i?aaei?eyoeyo n aeeeoaeueiui
eiaanoeoeeiiiui oeeeeii yaeyaony iaeiie ec iniiaiuo i?e/ei onoie/eaie
oaiaeaioeee nieaeaiey eo iauae i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe, /oi i?e ionoonoaee
oeaio?aeeciaaiiiai oeiaine?iaaiey iiaeao i?eaanoe e iieiie inoaiiaea
i?iecaiaenoaa.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a oneiaeyo iaiaoeaoaeny oaiaeaioeee nouanoaaiiiai
oaaee/aiey cao?ao ia inouanoaeaiea i?ioeanna oi?aaeaiey
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiui i?iecaiaenoaii, i?aeiouanoaaiii ca n/?o aeiaeaiey
n?aaenoa a eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee, ioeaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
i?aaei?eyoee ii oaeoi?ai i?iecaiaenoaa aeieaeia auoue aeiiieiaia
ioeaieie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe oi?aaeai/aneiai o?oaea. A aeenna?oaoeee
i?aaeeiaeaia oniaa?oainoaiaaiiay iaoiaeeea ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe
oi?aaeai/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe iooai ii?aaeaeaiey acaeiinaycae iaaeaeo
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth oi?aaeai/aneiai o?oaea e iieacaoaeyie,
oa?aeoa?ecothueie no?aoaae/aneia iieiaeaiea i?aaei?eyoey. Ai?iaaoeey
aeaiiie iaoiaeeee ia i?aeoeea iicaieeea onoaiiaeoue iioeiaeueiue
o?iaaiue i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe oi?aaeai/aneiai o?oaea ia ia?niaeoeao.

Ii ?acoeueoaoai ioeaiee no?aoaae/aneeo iiceoeee ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo
eiiaeiaoia ii?aaeaeaiu iai?aaeaiey iiauoaiey eo iauae oaeoi?iie
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe. Iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue nicaeaiey ia eaaeaeii
i?aaei?eyoee ioaeaea ioeaiee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe, io?aaeaiu iniiaiua
ooieoeee aeaiiie yeiiiie/aneie neoaeau.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou ?aaeeciaaiu ia i?aeoeea
i?e i?iaaaeaiee yeiiiie/aneiai aiaeeca e ?ac?aaioea no?aoaaee ?acaeoey
i?aaei?eyoee ai?ii-iaoaeeo?ae/aneiai eiiieaena, a oaeaea eniieueciaaiu a
o/aaiii i?ioeanna iiaeaioiaee yeiiiienoia aunoae eaaeeoeeaoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oi?aaeaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth, yeiiiie/aneee
iaoaieci, oaeoi?iay e iauay i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue, oeiainiaua iioa?e,
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiua eiiaeiaou.

SUMMARY

Voloshina S.V. Works Productivity Management (based on the mining
industrial integrated works of Krivbass coal basin). — Manuscript.

Dissertation for candidate’s degree in Economics, speciality 08.07.01 —
Industrial Economy. – Council of productive Forces Study of the National
Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the construction of the effective
economical mechanism of works productivity management. The complex
system of measuring productivity index which is based on the conception
of productivity function is given. Krivbass mining integrated works
factor productivity ten-sions are tested. Productivity management
necessity through the separation of controlled financial losses are
proved and the working out measures to its minimation are proposed.
Methodical approaches for controlled financial losses determination was
improved. The index of total factor productivity was worked up. Based on
the update multifactor measuring model for comparison of market position
of the South mining integrated works and its opponents are made, the
compensation productivity rising size according to real changes of total
financial losses in different variants of total productivity rising was
calculated. The labour productivity management mark was improved by its
relations with works’ strategic position and its optimal level was
proposed. The main results of the author’s investigation found their
application in practical activity.

Key words: productivity management, economical mechanism, factor and
total productivity, financial losses, mining integrated works.

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