Oa?eianueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaiai/iee oiiaa?neoao

ii.A.N.Neiai?iaee

ss?anueei Eaoa?eia Aieoi?iaia

OAeE 373.1.013

OI?AAEIIIss

IAA*AEUeII-OAI?*ITH AeIssEUeIINOTH OEIEss?IA

A OIIAAO IIOI?IAOECAOeI? INAIOE

13.00.01 — oai?iy oa inoi?iy iaaeaaiaiee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe

Oa?eia — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? A.N. Neiai?iaee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie

Eiciaa Aaeaioeia ?aai?aia,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?iai? A.N. Neiai?iaee,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ao?ye Aieiaeeie? Einoyioeiiae/,

E?eai?icueeee aea?aeaaiee

iaaeaaiai/iee oiiaa?neoao,

i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai? ?iaioe;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eaca?aa Ieeiea ?anoao?eiae/,

Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaiai/iee

?inoeooo ?iai? A.N. Iaea?aiea,

caaiaeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaaeaaiai/ii? oai?/inoi.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: E??iaia?aaenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aeiie/aiea,

eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. E??iaia?aae.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “23” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 1300 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.053.04 o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? A.N. Neiai?iaee ca
aae?anith: 61168, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Aethoa?a, 2, aoae.221.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? A.N. Neiai?iaee ca
aae?anith: 61168, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Aethoa?a, 2.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “22” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee N.O. Cieiooo?ia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?icaoaeiaa
iaoeiiiaeueii? oeiee Oe?a?ie ia?aaeaa/a? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a iaaeaaiai/iee
i?ioean iiaeo eiioeaioeie i oaoiieiaie iaa/aiiy i aeoiaaiiy,
aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoaoia iaoeiai-iaaeaaiai/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue.
Aoiaiicaoeiy oa aeaiie?aoecaoeiy noniieueiiai aeeooy aeiaaa? oi?ioaaiiy
oai?/i? iniaenoinoi, ui caeaoia aoaeoeaii ae?iooaaoe ieoaiiy
aeiiiii/iiai, iieioe/iiai oa nioeiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae. O oeeo
oiiaao aeyaey?oueny aeioeieueiith ?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo iniia oi?aaeiiiy
iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth oeiey?ia c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy
nioeiaeueii aeoeaieo /eaiia noniieuenoaa.

Ieoaiiy caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiinoi oi?aaeiiiy ae?noaei nai?
aiaeia?aaeaiiy a aeineiaeaeaiiyo N.I. A?oaiaaeuenueeiai,
TH.E. Aaaainueeiai, A.I. Aaniaeueea, A.I. Aiiaea?y, A.E. Ao?yea,
A.I. Ei?naiiaa, TH.A. Eiia?aeaanueeiai, A.I. Nooiieeinueeiai,
I.O. Oaeeciii?, A.I. sseoiiia. I?ioa oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? iniaenoinoi
iio?aao? canoinoaaiiy no/anieo caniaia oi?aaeiiiy aeiyeueiinoth
oeiey?ia. Ae?ioaiiy oei?? aaaeeeai? i?iaeaie no?eio?oueny iaaeinoaoiii
?iaiai ?ic?iaee oai?i? oai?/inoi acaaaei e ieoaiue oi?aaeiiiy
iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth cie?aia. Caaaeueii iniiae oai?/iai
i?ioeano aiaeia?aaeaii o i?aoeyo oieinioia (I.I. Aeaen??a, A.O. Aa?eia,
A.I. Naaaoianueeee, N.I. Naiaiia, A.I. Oeaiie, I.I. Oaiooeii,
I.O. Ooiieii), iaaeaaiaia (A.I. Aiae???a, A.E. Ao?ye, E.I. Eaiaea,
N.I. Neni?aa), ineoieiaia (I.I. Iaothoeii, A.I. Iieyei, E.E. Ieaoiiia,
ss.I. Iiiiia?ueia). Ineoieiai-iaaeaaiai/ii i?iaeaie oi?aaeiiiy
iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth aeineiaeaeoaaeenue o oaeeo iniiaieo
iai?yiao:

iaa?oiooaaiiy oai?aoe/ieo iniia oi?aaeiiiy (A.I. Aiae???a,
A.I. Ei?ioy?a, A.I. Iieyei);

aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiinoi aeei?enoaiiy ?icieo caniaia oi?aaeiiiy, a oiio
/enei iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth (A.E. Ao?ye, A.A. E?a?anueeee,
I.?. Eaca?aa, I.ss. Ea?ia?, E.A. ?e/eiaa, A.I. Niaaii);

aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae oi?aaeiiiy i?e canoinoaaiii ?icieo oaoiieiaie
(I.I. Aaaei, A.N. Aac?oeiaa, A.I. ?aaeieeiia, I.A. Eiaaeaiei,
I.O. I?ieiiaiei);

canoinoaaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieiaie o iaa/aiii (A.I. Aoaiia,
E.I. Aieioniaa, I.I. AEaeaeae, ?.I. Iaoaeoeue, I.A. Neiaeueiee,
A.O. Oieioiae/);

caniae oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth i?e aea/aiii
iioi?iaoeee (I.I. Iiiiia?ueiaa, A.E. Noiey?aanueea).

?acii ic oei o iaaeaaiai/iie iaooei iaaeinoaoiuei ?icaeyiooi i?iaeaie
oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy i ai?iaaoei? ia i?aeoeoei oaoiieiai?
i?aaiicaoei? iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi oeiey?ia a oiiaao
iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe, o oiio /enei ieoaiiy ?ic?iaee aeineiaeieoeueeeo
caaaeaiue, inieneaiiy ?oiueiai aieeao ia ?icaeoie oai?/i? iniaenoinoi,
aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ia o i?ioean? ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue oa ii.
Aea/aiiy aeinaiaeo ?iaioe caaaeueiiinaioiio iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo
caeeaaeia iieacaei, ui a/eoaei aeei?enoiaothoue ?icii caniae oi?aaeiiiy
iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iia, aea oei caniae caeaaieueoiai
?ic?iaeythoueny ieie aiii?e/ii, ia iniiai iioo?oeaieo oyaeaiue, aac
iaeaaeiiai iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy. Aeacaii iaaeieiee iaaeaaiai/ii?
oai?i? oa i?aeoeee ii?iaeaeothoue i?ioe?i//y: iiae nioeiaeueieie
ciiiaie, iia’ycaieie c i?ioeanaie iioi?iaoecaoei? o noniieuenoai, i
eiina?aaoeaiei ca nai?th nooiinoth i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy o
caaaeueiiinaioiio iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caeeaaeao; iiae iaiaoiaeiinoth
oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? iniaenoinoi oeiey?a i iacaaa?oaiinoth noai?aiiy
caaaeueii? oai?i? oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth; iiae
iayaiinoth aiii?e/iiai aeinaiaeo ?ic?iaee oa aeei?enoaiiy caniaia
oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth i iaeaea iiaiith
aiaenooiinoth iaaeaaiai/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue iniaeeainoae ?o i?iaeooaaiiy
i canoinoaaiiy a oiiaao iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe. Aeuacacia/aii i?ioe?i//y
iaoiiaeththoue iaiaoiaeiinoue aeineiaeaeaiiy oaeeo i?iaeai:

iniaeeaino? iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano caaaeueiiinaioiueiai
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai caeeaaeo a oiiaao iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe;

niaoeeoiea iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi o iaaeaaiai/iiio i?ioeani;

i?iaeooaaiiy caniaia oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iia
i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean caaaeueiiinaioiio
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caeeaaeia.

Iaiaoiaeiinoue ?ica’ycaiiy aeacaieo i?iaeai coiiaeea aeai? oaie
aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy: «Oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith
aeiyeueiinoth oeiey?ia a oiiaao iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe».

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiiaii a ?aieao iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o, ui i?iaiaeyoueny a Oe?a?i?
a aaeoc? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy, ca?aeii c aeiaiai?ii
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? A.N. Neiai?iaee c I?i?noa?noaii ina?oe Oe?a?ie ca oaiith:
“?icaeoie oai?/i? iniaenoino? a oiiaao ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? ina?oe” (? 2-99)

Ia’?eo aeineiaeaeaiiy — iaaeaaiai/iee i?ioean o caaaeueiiinaioiueiio
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio caeeaaei a oiiaao iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe.

I?aaeiao aeineiaeaeaiiy — caniae oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith
aeiyeueiinoth oeiey?ia o iaaeaaiai/iiio i?ioeani caaaeueiiinaioiueiai
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai caeeaaeo a oiiaao iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe.

Iaoa aeineiaeaeaiiy — oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oa aenia?eiaioaeueia
ia?aai?ea eiiieaeno caniaia oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth
oeiey?ia a oiiaao iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe.

O aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c ia’?eoii, i?aaeiaoii oa iaoith aeineiaeaeaiiy aoei
aenoiooi iaoeiao a?iioaco: aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno caniaia oi?aaeiiiy
iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iia, aei neeaaeo yeiai aoiaeyoue
caaea/i ia i?iaeoeoeaio aeiyeueiinoue oa aa?enoeee, o iaaeaaiai/iiio
i?ioeani a oiiaao iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy yeinoi
ciaiue o/iia, iaieiaeiiiy ieie aeinaiaeii oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi. Iaoa oa
aiiioaca aeineiaeaeaiiy coiiaeee oaei caaaeaiiy.

Iaa?oiooaaoe iniaeeainoi iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano caaaeueiiinaioiueiai
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai caeeaaeo a oiiaao iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe.

Caeienieoe oai?aoe/iee aiaeic ineoieiai-iaaeaaiai/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue ?c
ieoaiue oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth oeiey?ia.

Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe nooiinoue, no?oeoo?o oa ooieoei? caniaia
oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth oeiey?ia.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aai?eoe eiiieaen caniaia oi?aaeiiiy
iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth oeiey?ia.

Iaoiaeieia?/io ? oai?aoe/io iniiao aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy
noaiiaeyoue:

aeiaeaeoe/iee i?eioeei anaai/iinoi, yeee ?aaeico?oueny ic canoinoaaiiyi
noeoiiinoi iiaeoiaeia aei aiaeico aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia’?eoa
(TH.E. Aaaainueeee, E.A. ssoeaiei);

eiioeaioeiy aoiaiicaoei? inaioe (N.O. Aii/a?aiei, A.I. Nooiieeinueeee);

a/aiiy i?i aeiyeueiinoue oa aeiyeueiiniee iiaeoiae (N.I. Ai/a?iaa,
I.I. Eaiioue?a, A.O. Eiiia, A.I. Uoeiia);

ineoieiai-iaaeaaiai/ii eiioeaioei? canai?iiy ciaiue (I.ss. Aaeueia?ii,
E.I. Eaiaea, N.E. ?oaiiooaei);

iieiaeaiiy uiaei i?ioeano iaa/aiiy oa nooiino? iaa/aeueii-oai?/i?
aeiyeueiinoi (TH.E. Aaaainueeee, A.I. Ei?ioy?a, I.ss. Ea?ia?,
N.I. Neni?aa);

iniiaii iieiaeaiiy oai?i? aeoeaicaoei? iiciaaaeueii? aeiyeueiinoi
oeiey?ia (I.ss. Ea?ia?, A.I. Eiciaa, I.I. Neaoeii, I.O. Oa?eaiia,
O.?. Oaiiaa);

eiioeaioeiy oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth (A.I. Aiae???a,
N.I. Naiaiia, I.O. Oaeeciia, A.I. sseoiii);

eiioeaioeiy iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe oa oi?ioaaiiy iioi?iaoeieii?
eoeueoo?e (E.I. Aieioniaa, A.N. Aa?ooinueeee, I.I. AEaeaeae,
A.E. Noiey?aanueea, A.O. Oieioiae/).

Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo o aeineiaeaeaiii caaaeaiue, io?eiaiiy
a??ia?aeieo ?acoeueoaoia, ia?aai?ee iaoeiai? aiiioace aeei?enoiaoaaeenue
oaei iaoiaee iaaeaaia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy: oai?aoe/iee aiaeic i?iaeaie
ia iniiai aea/aiiy eioa?aoo?e c oieinioi?, iaaeaaiaiee, ineoieiai?,
eiaa?iaoeee, iioi?iaoeee; aiaeic iaaeaaiai/ii? i?aeoeee a aniaeoi
i?iaeaie aeineiaeaeaiiy; oai?aoe/ia ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoaoia
aeineiaeaeaiiy; aaniaee, iieooaaiiy, aieaooaaiiy, niinoa?aaeaiiy;
iaaeaaiai/iee aenia?eiaio, yeiniee i eieueeiniee aiaeic ?acoeueoaoia ic
canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeia iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia oa oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiiy
iieyaathoue o oiio, ui aoei aeyaeaii iniaeeainoi iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano
caaaeueiiinaioiueiai iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai caeeaaeo a oiiaao
iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe; aeineiaeaeaii iaa/aeueii-oai?/o aeiyeueiinoue
oeiey?ia ye eiiiiiaio iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano; aecia/aii aoaie
?ica’ycaiiy aeineiaeieoeueeeo caaaeaiue oa ciino aeiyeueiinoi ia
eiaeiiio aoaii; iaa?oioiaaii iayaiinoue noeoiiinoae oo?oaeiaiue i
?ic?iaeaii nenoaio aa?enoee aeey oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith
aeiyeueiinoth o/iia.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

iaa?oioiaaii caniae oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iia;

aecia/aii nooiinoue, no?oeoo?o, ooieoei? nenoaie aa?enoee;

?ic?iaeaii eiiieaen caniaia oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth
o/iia i ai?iaaaeaeaii eiai o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean c o?aooaaiiyi oiia
?ioi?iaoecaoe?? ina?oe caaaeueiiinaioiueiai iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai
caeeaaeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoaoia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?ic?iaeaiee
eiiieaen caniaia oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iia
(aeineiaeieoeueei caaaeaiiy, nenoaie aa?enoee), a oaeiae i?ia?aiiee
cania iaa/aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy, ?aeiiaiaeaoei? c ?oiueiai i?iaeooaaiiy i
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii a/eoaeyie caaaeueiiinaioiio
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caeeaaeia o iaaeaaiai/iiio i?ioeani c iioi?iaoeee,
iaoaiaoeee, oiceee oa iioeo i?aaeiaoia c iaoith i?aaiicaoei?
iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi o/iia a oiiaao ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? ina?oe.

A??ia?aei?noue oa iaa?oioiaai?noue ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/aii
aiaeiiaiaeiinoth iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy iaoi, i?aaeiaoo oa caaaeaiiyi,
?ai?acaioaoeaiinoth iaoa?iaeia, iaiaoiaeieo aeey yeinii? i eieueeinii?
ioeiiee ?acoeueoaoia aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, ai?iaaoei?th io?eiaieo
?acoeueoaoia.

Ia caoeno aeiineoueny:

Iaa?oiooaaiiy iniaeeainoae iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano a oiiaao
iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe.

Eiioeaioeiy oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iia.

Eiiieaen caniaia oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iia.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeineiaeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeenue ia iiaeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioeiyo
c i?iaeai iiaea?iicaoei? aeui? inaioe (Aeiiaoeuee, 1998 ?.),
iioi?iaoeieieo oaoiieiaie (Oa?eia, 1999 ?.) oa iioi?iaoeieii? i
eoeueoo?ieiai/ii? inaioe (Oa?eia, 1999 ?.), ia caniaeaiiyo eaoaae?
iaaeaaiaiee, iioi?iaoeee, nioeiaeueii? iaaeaaiaiee oa i?aaiaiai
aeoiaaiiy Oa?eianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaiai/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo
iiai? A.N. Neiai?iaee.

Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaii a
13 iaoeiaeo noaooyo.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny ci anooio, aeaio ?icaeieia,
aeniiaeia, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (241), aeiaeaoeia. Oaeno ?iaioe
aeeeaaeaii ia 155 noi?iieao iaoeiiieno, i?aaenoaaeaii 9 iethno?aoeie oa
13 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CIINO AeENA?OAOeI?

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeueiinoue i nooiiiue aea/aiiy ia?aii?
i?iaeaie; aecia/aii iaoo, caaaeaiiy, iaoiaeieiai/ii oa oai?aoe/ii
iniiae, iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy; ?ice?eoi eiai iaoeiao iiaecio,
oai?aoe/ia i i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a, a??ia?aei?noue
oa iaa?oioiaaiinoue caeiaooeo ?acoeueoaoia; noi?ioeueiaaii iieiaeaiiy,
ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Iaa/aeueii-oai?/a ae?yeuei?noue oeiey??a o
iaaeaaia?/iiio i?ioean? caaaeueiiina?oiueiai iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai
caeeaaeo» iaaaaeaii iniaeeainoi iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano a oiiaao
iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe, nooiinoue oa caniae oi?aaeiiiy
iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth oeiey?ia.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano ?c canoinoaaiiyi noeoiiino?
i?aeoiae?a aeicaieeei aeyaeoe eiai iniaeeainoi a oiiaao iioi?iaoecaoei?
inaioe, ye? iieyaathoue o oiio, ui:

i?iaeaia iioeiicaoei? iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano ae?ioo?oueny a/eoaeai
/a?ac canoinoaaiiy noeoiiinoi iioi?iaoeieieo oaoiieiaie: oaoiieiai?
iaa/aiiy, oaoiieiai? i?iaeooaaiiy caniaia oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueiith
aeiyeuei?noth o/iia, iaaeaaiai/ii? oaoiieiai?;

caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith iioi?iaoeieieo oaoiieiaie o iaa/aiii
caaacia/othoueny oiiae ooieoeiiioaaiiy iioi?iaoeieii-iaaeaaiai/iiai
na?aaeiaeua, yei ni?eythoue i?ioeanai noaiiaeaiiy i ?icaeoeo
iioi?iaoeieii-iaaeaaiai/ii? aca?iiaei? iiae o/eoaeai i o/iyie;

i?ioean oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueiith aeiyeueiinoth ia? ?iciiaeieaiee
oa?aeoa?: ia eiaeiiio aoaii caeieniththoueny i?yii oa cai?ioii ca’ycee;
oea aeicaiey? a/eoaeaai i?eeiaoe ?aoeiiiaeueia ?ioaiiy uiaei
i?aaiicaoei? iioi?iaoeieii-iaaeaaiai/ii? aca?iiaei? c o/iyie;

caieueoo?oueny aaaa i?i?ioiaii? aeiyeueiinoi o/iia, ui ia? iinoea ia
aoaiao onaiaeiieaiiy oiia iaa/aiiy, ianeiaeeii yei? aenooia? oi?ioaaiiy
aeinaiaeo iaa/aeueii-iiciaaaeueii? i?i?ioaoei? (I.ss. Aaeueia?ii,
I.O. Oaeeciia);

iiaeaeathoueny ciiiai eiiiiiaioe iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano: oeiei noathoue
aieueo /ioeeie, caaacia/othoueny iaoaiicie aeiaaiinooaaiiy ?acoeueoaoia
iaa/aiiy;

canai?iiy ciinoo inaioe a?oioo?oueny ia i?ioeanao aeeoa?aioeiaoei? oa
iioaa?aoei?, ui aeicaiey? ?icaeyiooe iaiaoiaeio eieueeinoue noi?ii
aea/a?ieo ia’?eoia, ?ic?iaeoe ?oi? iiaeaei, aecia/eoe caaaeueii
oa?aeoa?enoeee;

ciiith?oueny oa?aeoa? aeiyeueiino? o/eoaey e o/iia: oai?/a aeiyeueiinoue
o/eoaey aeyaey?oueny a ?ic?iaoei oa canoinoaaiii noeoiiinoi
iioi?iaoeieieo oaoiieiaie, caeieniaiii iioeiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy
aeiyeueiinoth o/iia; iaa/aeueii-oai?/a aeiyeueiinoue o/iia a?oioo?oueny
ia aenieiio ?iaii iioeaaoei?.

Aiaeic iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi ic canoinoaaiiyi
nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiai iiaeoiaeo aeicaieea aeyaeoe ?? no?oeoo?o, cia/aiiy
nenoaie ia?aaeoiiaiiai ciaiiy, niiaaiaeiioaiiy oai?/iai i
?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai eiiiiiaioia, a oaeiae iaa?oiooaaoe noeoiiinoue
e?eoa?i?a ioeiithaaiiy ?? ?acoeueoaoia. Oaeoi?iee aiaeic
iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi caeieniaii ic canoinoaaiiyi
ia’?eoeaiiai, noa’?eoeaiiai, iniaenoiniiai i ethaenueeiai oaeoi?ia.
Aeyaeaii nooiinoue eiaeiiai oaeoi?a i i?ioe?i//y, ui aeieeathoue i?e
?oi?e aei?. Aeineiaeaeaiiy i?ioe?i/ iieacaei, ui inio? i?iaeaia
noai?aiiy oaei? nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth
o/iia, yea a nie?aeany ia i?eioeeie i?e?iaeiaiaeiiaiaeiinoi,
aoiaiicaoei?, iaoeiainoi, a oaeiae caaeiaieueiyea aeiiaai:

oi?ioaaoe e?eoe/ia noaaeaiiy o/iy aei ioi/oth/iai naioo, ui a?oioo?oueny
ia aiaeici oa ioeiithaaiii iioi?iaoei?;

caeienithaaoe ca’ycie iaa/aiiy c aeeooyi, ui ?aaeico?oueny o i?ioean?
cae?aiiy iaiaoiaeii? iioi?iaoei?, ?ic?iaee iiaeaeae ia’?eoia,
i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioia c iiaeaeyie, aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee
ia’?eoia;

canoiniaoaaoe i?ioeaaeo?o aeai?o ia ?icieo aoaiao aeiyeueiinoi: aeai?
iiaeaei, niiniao ?ica’ycaiiy, i?ia?aiieo caniaia oiui.

Oai?aoe/iee aiaeic iaaeaaiai/ii?, ineoieiai/ii?, oieinionueei?
eioa?aoo?e oa i?aoeue ?c ieoaiue eiaa?iaoeee aeicaieea ?ic?iaeoe
eiioeaioeith oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iia, iniiao
yei? neeaea oaea noeoiiinoue iieiaeaiue.

1. Iaa/aeueii-oai?/a aeiyeueiinoue o/iy ia? iinoea ia oeo aoaiao
iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano, ?acoeueoaoii yeeo ? noai?aiiy ia’?eoeaii /e
noa’?eoeaii iiaiai, ? aeeth/a? i?ioeane ?iciiciaaaiiy, ioeiithaaiiy,
ia?aoai?aiiy.

2. Aeeaeaeoe/ii caniae, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo noai?ththoueny i?iaeaiii
neooaoei?, noathoue oiiaith ?aaeicaoei? iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi
o/iia.

3. O i?ioeani iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi canoiniaothoueny i?yia
oi?aae?iiy, niiaoi?aaeiiiy, naiioi?aaeiiiy.

O aeineiaeaeaiii iaa?oioiaaii ooieoei? niaoeiaeueieo caaaeaiue, yei
iiaeaeththoue ?icii oeie oo?oaeiaiue i aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey
i?aaiicaoei? iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi o/iia. sse cania oi?aaeiiiy
iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iia cai?iiiiiaaii aeineiaeieoeueei
caaaeaiiy, ui aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ?icaeyaeaoe i?iaeaio a oeieiio: aiae
aiaeico ia’?eoa aei aecia/aiiy eiai oa?aeoa?enoee o ?acoeueoaoi
eiii’thoa?iiai aenia?eiaioo. O aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c ?acoeueoaoaie
aeineiaeaeaiue A.I. Aaniaeueea, I.ss. Aaeueia?iia, O.I. Aeieo?aiei,
I.ss. Ea?ia?a, I.O. Oaeeciii?, A.I. sseoiiia iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii
nooiaii ?ica’ycaiiy aeineiaeieoeueeiai caaaeaiiy, yei neeaaeathoueny c
oaeeo aoaiia:

i?i?ioiaia aeiyeuei?noue — onaiaeiieaiiy iaiaoiaeiinoi, iiaeeeainoi,
oaoiieiai? i ?acoeueoaoia ?ica’ycaiiy caaaeaiiy;

iia?aoeaia aeiyeuei?noue — ?ic?iaea iiaeaei ia’?eoa, aeai? iaoiaeo
?ica’ycaiiy, aeai?eoiicaoeiy, i?ia?aiia ?aaeicaoeiy, aiaeic iiaeaei
uiaei ?? aaeaeaaoiinoi ia’?eoo;

aeineiaeieoeueea aeiyeuei?noue — aeineiaeaeaiiy ia’?eoa oa ioeiithaaiiy
iiaeeeainoae iiaeaei.

Ia eiaeiiio aoaii aeyaeaii nooiinoue aeiyeueiinoi o/iia, iiaeeeai
oo?oaeiaiiy e oiiiiy, ui oi?iothoueny a ?acoeueoaoi aeiyeueiinoi.
Aeiaaaeaii aeioeieueiinoue oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth
aa?enoe/ieie caniaaie.

Aa?enoeeo aecia/aii ye cania oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith
aeiyeueiinoth o/iia, ui aeeiio? i?i?ioiaio ooieoeith i ?aaeico? i?yia
oi?aaeiiiy, niiaoi?aaeiiiy, naiioi?aaeiiiy. ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio aa?enoee
aei ?ica’ycaiiy aeineiaeieoeueeiai caaaeaiiy, yea aeeth/a? caniae
oi?aaeiiiy i?i?ioiaiith, aeeiiaanueeith, ioeiiiith oa ei?aeoeieiith
aeiyeueiinoyie. Ooieoeiy aa?enoee iieyaa? a onoiaiii i?ioe?i/, ui
aeieeathoue o i?ioeani iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi.

Ioaea, ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaii? eiioeaioei? c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i
aeioeieueiinoue canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno caniaia oi?aaeiiiy
iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iia, aei neeaaeo yeiai aoiaeyoue
oaei eiiiiiaioe.

1. Caaea/i, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo noai?ththoueny i?iaeaiii neooaoei?, ui
caaacia/o? oiiae aeey caeieniaiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi o/iia.

2. Aa?enoeee, /a?ac canoinoaaiiy yeeo caeienith?oueny oi?aaeiiiy
aeiyeueiinoth o/iia c ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaea/.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiieaeno cania?a
oi?aae?iiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith ae?yeuei?noth oeiey??a» aeeeaaeaii
iaoiaeeeo iaaeaaiai/iiai aenia?eiaioo, iaaaaeaii eiai ?acoeueoaoe oa
caeieniaii aiaeic.

O aeaiiio aenia?eiaioi aeineiaeaeaii aoaeoeaiinoue canoinoaaiiy
?ic?iaeaiiai eiiieaeno caniaia oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith
aeiyeueiinoth o/iia aeey oi?ioaaiiy a ieo aeinaiaeo oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi
i iiaeaeuaiiy yeinoi ciaiue. Iieacieeii iaieiaeiiiy o/iai aeinaiaeii
oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi aaaaeaeiny naiinoieia iiaeieaiiy i?iaeaiiiai
oo?oaeiaiiy ic canoinoaaiiyi caaaeueii? nenoaie aa?enoee. sseinoue
ciaiue o/iy aoei ioeiiaii ca aeiiiiiaith eiaoioei?ioa ?iaiy ciaiue,
oiiiue i iaae/ie, yeee aecia/aany iiae?aooaaiiyi i?aaeeueii aeeiiaieo
iioi?iaoeieii-ciinoiaeo aeaiaioia oaenoo (I.I. Iiaeeanee). Ca
iaoiaeeeith A.A. ?eueieeiai? aecia/aii eiaoioei?ioe canai?iiy ciaiue ia
?ai?iaeoeoeaiiio, eiino?oeoeaiiio oa oai?/iio ?iaiyo. Iaaeaaiai/iee
aenia?eiaio aoei i?iaaaeaii o aeaio caeeaaeao, ?icieo ca ?iaiai
iioi?iaoecaoei? (na?aaeiy caaaeueiiina?oiy ?-??? nooiai?a oeiea ? 36,
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee eiiieaen ? 55 i. Oa?eiaa). Aenia?eiaio aiaeaoaaany o
i?ioeani aea/aiiy aaiiao?i? o/iyie ainueieo eeania (97 o/iia), yei ia
iaee aeinaiaeo ?iaioe c eiii’thoa?ii, a oaeiae — ia o?ieao iioi?iaoeee c
o/iyie iaeeiaaeoeyoeo eeania (56 o/iia) o caeeaaei ic no/aniith
eiii’thoa?iith aacith. Aoei ?ic?iaeaii aeaa eiiieaene caniaia oi?aaeiiiy
iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iia aiaeiiaiaeii aei ?oiueiai aieo,
?iaiy ciaiue i oiiiue, a oaeiae iniaeeainoae eiaeiiai caeeaaeo. Aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy ia?oiai aoaio aenia?eiaioo canoiniaaii caaea/i ia
i?iaeoeoeaio aeiyeueiinoue i aa?enoeee, ae?oaiai — aeineiaeieoeueei
caaaeaiiy oa nenoaie aa?enoee.

O eiinoaooth/iio aenia?eiaioi aeoiaeiee noai eeania aecia/aany ca
?acoeueoaoaie eiio?ieueieo ?iaio aai oanoiaeo caaaeaiue, o yeeo
aeaeieyeenue iioi?iaoeieii-ciinoiai aeaiaioe oaenoo, ?iciiaeieaii ia o?e
a?oie (?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai, eiino?oeoeaiiai oa oai?/iai ?iaiia canai?iiy
ciaiue). Aaeiaeiinoue aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoa?iaeia aoei aeiaaaeaii
iaoiaeii ?aiaiai? ei?aeyoei? ca Nii?iaiii. Ca aeiiiiiaith e?eoa?ith
Ii?niia (/2) aoei aeyaeaii eeane, ui iathoue aeecueei aeoiaeii ?iaii.

O oiaei oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo i?iaiaeiciaaii iaa/aeueii oaie c
aaiiao?i? aeey ainueiiai eeano i aiaeia?aii oaio «Aeaea?oiai eii?aeeiaoe
ia ieiueii», i?e aea/aiii yei? o/iyi iaeaieueo a?aeo? caniaia iai/iinoi
oa iiaeeeainoi caeienithaaoe aaeeeo eieueeinoue ni?ia c aecia/aiiy
eii?aeeiao oi/ie oa ?oiueiai iinoey ia eii?aeeiaoiie ieiueii. Ia iniia?
i?eiouaiiy i?i aeioeieueiinoue canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aiiiai caniao
iaa/aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy, nooiinoue yeiai iieyaa? a ?aaeicaoei?
oaoiieiai? aea/aiiy aeaii? oaie i caaacia/aiii oiia aeey caeieniaiiy
?icieo aeaeia iaa/aeueii? aeiyeueiinoi, aoei ni?iaeoiaaii
aenia?eiaioaeueii caaaeaiiy oa aa?enoeee aei ?o ?ica’ycaiiy.

Iaa?oioiaaii aeeaeaeoe/ii aeiiae aei ?ic?iaee i?ia?aiiiai caniao
iaa/aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy:

oi?aaeiiiy (ca aeiiiiiaith aa?enoee ?aaeiciaaii o?e aeaee oi?aaeiiiy:
i?yia — o/aiue aei? ca aeai?eoiii, ui aeaoa?iiio? eiai aeiyeueiinoue,
niiaoi?aaeiiiy — ca ieaiii, ui ni?yiiao? eiai aeiyeueiinoue,
naiioi?aaeiiiy — aei? naiinoieii);

?iciiaeie aeiyeueiinoi ca ?iaiyie (cai?iiiiiaaii caaea/i o?ueio oeiia:
ia ?icoiiiiy, ?ai?iaeoeoeaio oa i?iaeoeoeaio aeiyeuei?noue);

niaaeei?iiinoue iioi?iaoei? (caaea/i ia’?aeiaii aeoiaeieie aeaieie oa
?acoeueoaoaie aeey ciaioaiiy /ano, iio?iaiiai ia i?i?ioiaiee aoai).

I?ia?aiiee cania iaa/aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy ?ic?iaeaii ia iiai Delphi aeey
?iaioe a iia?aoeieiie nenoaii Windows 95/98 i ai?iaaaeaeaii o
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean aeey oi?aaeiiiy aeiyeueiinoth o/iia
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai eeano (A1) i?e aea/aiii oaie «Aeaea?oiai eii?aeeiaoe
ia ieiueii». Niinoa?aaeaiiy ca o/iyie eeano A1 i?e i?iaaaeaiii
oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo iieacaee, ui aiie aeinyaee aieueo aenieiai
?iaiy iiciaaaeueii? aeoeaiinoi a ii?iaiyiii c o/iyie eiio?ieueiiai eeano
(E1). ?acoeueoaoe oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo naiae/aoue, ui aieueoinoue
o/iia eeano A1 iaieiaeiee aeinaiaeii oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi a i?ioeani
?ica’ycaiiy caaea/ ia i?iaeoeoeaio aeiyeueiinoue.

Aeey ioeiithaaiiy ?acoeueoaoia aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy
i?iaaaeaii eiio?ieueio ?iaioo ca oaiith «Aeaea?oiai eii?aeeiaoe ia
ieiueii». Ca aeiiiiiaith e?eoa?ith Ii?niia (/2) aeiaaaeaii, ui eean A1
iiney caeieniaiiy oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo nooo?ai aiae?iciy?oueny aiae
eeano E1 ca ?iaiai canai?iiy ciaiue, oiiiue i iaae/ie. Aoei caoieniaaii
caieueoaiiy eiaoioei?ioa canai?iiy ciaiue naia ia oai?/iio ?iaii
(?en.1). ?acoeueoaoe aeaiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy iaaaaeaii a oaae.1.

Aeineiaeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui aoaeoeaia canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aiieo caniaia
iaa/aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy aeey i?aaiicaoei? iaa/aeueii-oai?/i?
aeiyeueiinoi oeiey?ia aeiaaa? iiia?aaeiuei? iiaeaioiaee a/eoaey e o/iia,
yea aeeth/a? ?ice?eooy aeioeieueiinoi aeei?enoaiiy caniaia
iioi?iaoecaoei? o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioeani, ineoieiai/io aaeaioaoeith oa
i?eaeaaiiy iaiaoiaeieo oiiiue oa iaae/ie ?iaioe c eiii’thoa?ii. Ne?ae
canoiniaoaaoe caaea/i ia ?icoiiiiy, yei iio?aaothoue, ye i?aaeei,
caniaia iai/iinoi oa i?eaeaaiiy niaoeiaeueieo oiiiue i iaae/ie o aeaiie
i?aaeiaoiie aaeoci, a oaeiae caaea/i ia i?iaeoeoeaio aeiyeueiinoue, o
i?ioeani ?ica’ycaiiy yeeo oi?io?oueny aeinaiae oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi
o/iia.

Oaaeeoey1

?iciiae?e o/i?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo (A1, A2) oa eiio?ieueieo (E1, E2)
eean?a

ca iecueeei, na?aaei?i, a?aeiinii aenieei, aenieei ??aiyie canai?iiy
ciaiue ? na?aaei? eiao?oe??ioe canai?iiy ciaiue

ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiio, eiino?oeoeaiiio, oai?/iio ??aiyo

Ae?oaee aoai iaaeaaiai/iiai aenia?eiaioo iaa ia iaoi i?aaiicaoeith
iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi ca aeiiiiiaith aeineiaeieoeueeeo
caaaeaiue c iioi?iaoeieii-eiai/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy. O i?ioeani
iiaeaioiaee oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo ?ic?iaeaii caniae oi?aaeiiiy
iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iia — aeineiaeieoeueei caaaeaiiy oa
aiaeiiaiaeii iei nenoaie aa?enoee. Caeieniaii aiaeic oo?oaeiaiue, ui
aeieeathoue i?e ?ica’ycaiii oeeo caaaeaiue. Aecia/aii i?iaeaiii
oo?oaeiaiiy, iiaeieaiiy yeeo iia’ycaii c i?iaeoeoeaiith aeiyeueiinoth
o/iy. Aei iiaeaioiaeaieo caaaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii nenoaie aa?enoee, yei ?
caaaeueiei ieaiii aeie o/iy. Aiie eeoa aeacothoue i?eaeeciee iai?yiie
aeiyeueiinoi, ia oi?eath/enue eiie?aoiiai ciinoo. A/eoaeue iaiaaaany
i?aaiicoaaoe aeiyeueiinoue ?c ?ica’ycaiiy caaaeaiue ca aeiiiiiaith
caaaeueii? nenoaie aa?enoee. sseui oea i?ecaiaeeei aei o?oaeiiuia, aii
eiie?aoecoaaa aa?enoeee aaeaeaaoii ciinoo caaea/i, oiaoi caeienithaaa
niiaoi?aaeiiiy. A ?aci iaiaoiaeiinoi a/eoaeue aeei?enoiaoaaa aeai?eoi
aeey oi?aaeiiiy aeiyeueiinoth o/iia. Niiaaiaeiioaiiy canoinoaaiiy o?ueio
aeaeia oi?aaeiiiy aecia/aeiny a/eoaeai ?c iiceoeie iioeiicaoei?
iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano. Aaaaea?ii, ui o/aiue caeieniea iaa/aeueii-oai?/o
aeiyeueiinoue o oiio ?aci, yeui aii naiinoieii iiaeieaa i?iaeaiia
oo?oaeiaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith caaaeueii? nenoaie aa?enoee.

Canai?iiy iaoiaeo iioi?iaoeieii-eiai/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ? iaeiei ic
aaaeeeaeo aoaiia iaa/aiiy aeenoeeieiiai i?e?iaeie/i-iaoeiaiai oeeeeo.
?ic?iaeaii caaaeaiiy ?aaeicothoue iiaei?aaeiaoii ca’ycee iioi?iaoeee c
iaoaiaoeeith, oiceeith, aiieiai?th oa iioeie iaoeaie. Eiii’thoa?iee
aenia?eiaio aeicaieea ?icoe?eoe oa iiaeeaeoe ciaiiy o/iia ?c oeeo
i?aaeiaoia, iineeeoe ?o i?eeeaaeiee oa?aeoa?. O/ii ciaeiieeenue ?c
iiiyooyi iiaeaethaaiiy, c ?icieie aeaeaie iioi?iaoeieii-eiai/ieo
iiaeaeae, ?ic?iaeyee iaoaiaoe/ii iiaeaei, caeienithaaee eiii’thoa?iee
aenia?eiaio. Oeiey?ai aoei iaaeaii iiaeeeainoue o oeieaaie i aeinooiiie
oi?ii aea/eoe iiai aeey ieo iaoiaee ?ica’ycaiiy caaaeaiue, ui
a?oiooaaeeny ia oai?i? eiiai?iinoae, aaiiao?e/iie iioa?i?aoaoei?,
aaeoi?iiio aiaeici, canai?oe iiiyooy c oai?i? iioeiicaoei?.

Iane?aeee iaaeaaiai/iiai aenia?eiaioo aoei ioe?iaii ca ?acoeueoaoaie
oanooaaiiy o/iia iai?eeiioei iaa/aeueiiai ?ieo. Ca aeiiiiiaith e?eoa?ith
Ii?niia (/2) aeiaaaeaii, ui ?iciiaeie o/iia eiio?ieueiiai (E2) e
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai (A2) eeania ca ?iaiyie ciaiue, oiiiue i iaae/ie
iiney i?iaaaeaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe ciiieany ianoieueee, ui aoee an?
iiaenoaae aaaaeaoe ?o oaia? nooo?ai ?icieie (oaae.1). Aiaeic iieacaa, ui
iaeaieueo nooo?aa iiaeaeuaiiy ?iaiy canai?iiy ciaiue aiaeaoeiny naia ca
?aooiie oai?/iai eiiiiiaioo (?en.1).

Oi?ioaaiiy iiceoeaii? iioeaaoei? o/iia aiaeaoaaeinue o i?ioean?
canoinoaaiiy aeineiaeieoeueeeo caaaeaiue, yei iaee ?aaeueiee ciino,
iinoeee aeaiaioe aeineiaeaeaiiy, iaaeaaaee iiaeeeainoue ?aaeicoaaoe
?icii aeaee aeiyeueiinoi, a oaeiae ca aeiiiiiaith i?aaiicaoei? a/eoaeai
i?i?ioiaii? aeiyeueiinoi o/iia c iaoith onaiaeiieaiiy iaiaoiaeiinoi,
iiaeeeainoi, oaoiieiai? oa ?acoeueoaoia ?ica’ycaiiy caaaeaiiy.
I?aaiicaoeiy aeineiaeieoeueei? aeiyeueiinoi aeiaaaea aiae o/iy
iioaineaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?icoiiaeo aeie (aiaeico, neioaco, ii?iaiyiiy,
ocaaaeueiaiiy oa ii.), ni?eyea oi?ioaaiith aeinaiaeo oai?/i?
aeiyeueiinoi. Iioi?iaoeieii-iaaeaaiai/ia aca?iiaeiy a/eoaey e o/iia o
i?ioeani ?ica’ycaiiy aeineiaeieoeueeiai caaaeaiiy iiaeaeuoaaea
naiinoieiinoue, iiioeiaoeaiinoue oa iiciaaaeueio aeoeaiinoue o/iia.
Oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iy ca aeiiiiiaith
?ic?iaeaiiai eiiieaeno caniaia aeicaieeei iiaeaeueoe ?ieue o/iy o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioeani, c?iaeoe eiai noa’?eoii aeiyeueiinoi /a?ac
o?aooaaiiy ?iaiy iioaeaeooaeueiiai ?icaeoeo, iniaeeainoae aeiyeueiinoi
oiui.

Iaaeaaiai/iee aenia?eiaio iieacaa, ui ?ic?iaea i aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno
caniaia oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth ? aeey
a/eoaeia-i?aeoeeia aeineoue neeaaeiei i o?oaeiiinoeei i?ioeanii,
caeieniaiiy yeiai neiae caaacia/oaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith
ineoieiai-iaaeaaiai/ii? oa iaoiaee/ii? iiaeo?eiee o aeaeyaei iaoeiaeo
?aeiiaiaeaoeie, iaa/aeueieo oa iaoiaee/ieo iiniaieeia, i?ia?aiiiai oa
oaoii/iiai caaacia/aiiy.

AENIIAEE

Iniaeeainoi iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano a oiiaao iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe
iieyaathoue o oiio, ui caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith iioi?iaoeieieo oaoiieiaie
o iaa/aiii caaacia/othoueny oiiae aeey ooieoeiiioaaiiy oaeiai
na?aaeiaeua, yea ni?ey? noaiiaeaiith i ?icaeoeo
iioi?iaoeieii-iaaeaaiai/ii? aca?iiaei? iiae o/eoaeai i o/iyie; a
?acoeueoaoi oa?aeoa? ?oiuei? aeiyeueiinoi ciiith?oueny: oai?/a
aeiyeueiinoue o/eoaey aeyaey?oueny o caeieniaiii iioeiaeueiiai
oi?aaeiiiy aeiyeueiinoth o/iia, a iaa/aeueii-oai?/a aeiyeueiinoue o/iia
a?oioo?oueny ia aenieiio ?iaii iioeaaoei? caaaeyee caieueoaiith aaae
i?i?ioiaii? aeiyeueiinoi, i?eaeaaiith ieie aeinaiaeo
iaa/aeueii-iiciaaaeueii? i?i?ioaoei?.

Aiaeic iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c oieinioi?, iaaeaaiaiee, ineoieiai? oa
eiaa?iaoeee aeicaieea:

aeyaeoe nooiinoue iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi oa i?ioe?i//y, ui
aeieeathoue i?e aei? noeoiiinoi oaeoi?ia (ia’?eoeaiiai, noa’?eoeaiiai,
iniaenoiniiai, ethaenueeiai);

?ic?iaeoe eiioeaioeith oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth
o/iia;

iaa?oiooaaoe eiiieaen caniaia oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith
aeiyeueiinoth oeiey?ia;

aecia/eoe aoaie iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi o/iia o i?ioeani
?ica’ycaiiy aeineiaeieoeueeiai caaaeaiiy; ia eiaeiiio aoaii aeyaeoe
nooiinoue aeiyeueiinoi, iiaeeeai oo?oaeiaiiy e oiiiiy, ui oi?iothoueny a
?acoeueoaoi aeiyeueiinoi.

Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii, ?ic?iaeaii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aai?aii
eiiieaen caniaia oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth oeiey?ia:

caaea/i ia i?iaeoeoeaio aeiyeueiinoue i aa?enoeee, ai?iaaaeaeaii o
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aiiiai caniao iaa/aeueiiai
i?ecia/aiiy, a yeiio ?aaeiciaaii oi?aaeiiiy, ?iciiaeie aeiyeueiinoi ca
?iaiyie, niaaeei?iiinoue iioi?iaoei?;

aeineiaeieoeueei caaaeaiiy, yei iiaeaeththoue ?icii oeie iaa/aeueieo
oo?oaeiaiue i noai?ththoue oiiae aeey caeieniaiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/i?
aeiyeueiinoi o/iia, i nenoaie aa?enoee, yei aeeth/athoue caniae
oi?aaeiiiy (i?yiiai, niiaoi?aaeiiiy oa naiioi?aaeiiiy) i?i?ioiaiith,
aeeiiaanueeith, ioeiiiith oa ei?aeoeieiith aeiyeuei?noth o/iia; ooieoeiy
aa?enoee iieyaa? a onoiaiii i?ioe?i/, ui aeieeathoue o i?ioeani
iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi o/iia.

?acoeueoaoii aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo caniaia oi?aaeiiiy
iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth oeiey?ia ? iiaeaeuaiiy ?iaiy ?o
ciaiue, oiiiue i iaae/ie, iaaoooy ieie aeinaiaeo oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi.

Caeieniaiiy oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy aeaei ciiao
noi?ioethaaoe iaaeaaiai/ii oiiae, yei iaiaoiaeii noai?eoe o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioeani aeey i?aaiicaoei? iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi oeiey?ia a
oiiaao iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe:

aioiai?noue a/eoaey e o/iia aei aeei?enoaiiy caniaia iioi?iaoecaoei? o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioeani;

oi?ioaaiiy iioeaaoei? o/iia ic canoinoaaiiyi no/anieo caniaia
iioi?iaoecaoei?, i?aaiicaoei? i?i?ioiaii? aeiyeueiinoi c iaoith
onaiaeiieaiiy iaiaoiaeiinoi, iiaeeeainoi, oaoiieiai? oa ?acoeueoaoia
iaa/aiiy, caaaeaiue, ui iathoue ?aaeueiee ciino, iinoyoue o niai
aeaiaioe aeineiaeaeaiiy, iaaeathoue iiaeeeainoue o/iyi ?aaeicoaaoe ?icii
aeaee aeiyeueiinoi oa aeei?enoaoe nai? ciaiiy c ?icieo i?aaeiaoieo
aaeocae;

oi?ioaaiiy aeinaiaeo oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi oeyoii noai?aiiy i?iaeaiieo
neooaoeie ic aeei?enoaiiyi aeineiaeieoeueeeo caaaeaiue, caaea/ ia
i?iaeoeoeaio aeiyeueiinoue oiui;

oi?aaeiiiy aeiyeueiinoth o/iia ca aeiiiiiaith aa?enoe/ieo caniaia,
canoinoaaiiy yeeo aeicaiey? iiaeaeueoe ?ieue o/iy o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioeani, c?iaeoe eiai noa’?eoii aeiyeueiinoi /a?ac o?aooaaiiy ?iaiy
eiai iioaeaeooaeueiiai ?icaeoeo, iniaeeainoae aeiyeueiinoi oa ii., ui
ni?ey? aoiaiicaoei? inaioe.

Aeeiiaia aeineiaeaeaiiy ia ae/a?io? anio aniaeoia iinoaaeaii? i?iaeaie,
aeooaeueiei oa ia?niaeoeaiei ? ieoaiiy iiaeaioiaee a/eoaey o
iaaeaaiai/ieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao aei caeieniaiiy oi?aaeiiiy
iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iia.

INIIAIEE CIINO AeENA?OAOeI? AIAeAEOI

A IOAEIEAOeIssO:

Aeieo?aiei O.I., ?e/eiaa E.A., ss?anueei E.A. Iaaeaaiai/ia iaoiaeieiaiy
ye ia’?eo iiciaiiy // Iaaeaaiaiea oa ineoieiaiy: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. Aeione 7. / Ca ?aae. I.O.I?ieiiaiea, A.I.Eiciai? — Oa?eia:
OAeIO, 1998. — N.7-13 (aaoi?nueeeo — 2.5 noi?.).

ss?anueei E.A. Aeineiaeaeaiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi ic
canoinoaaiiyi noeoiiinoi iiaeoiaeia // Iaaeaaiaiea, ineoieiaiy oa
iaaeeei-aiieiai/ii i?iaeaie oice/iiai aeoiaaiiy i nii?oo: Cai?iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 10. — Oa?eia: OOII, 1998. — N.3-6.

ss?anueei E.A., ?e/eiaa E.A. Aeineiaeaeaiiy e?eoe/iiai ieneaiiy o
no?oeoo?i iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi // Iaaeaaiaiea, ineoieiaiy oa
iaaeeei-aiieiai/ii i?iaeaie oice/iiai aeoiaaiiy i nii?oo: Cai?iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 10. — Oa?eia: OOII, 1998. — N.6-8 (aaoi?nueeeo
— 1.5 noi?.).

ss?anueei E.A. Iniaeeainoi iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano a oiiaao
iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe // Iaaeaaiaiea, ineoieiaiy oa iaaeeei-aiieiai/ii
i?iaeaie oice/iiai aeoiaaiiy i nii?oo: Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.
Aeione 11. — Oa?eia: OOII, 1998. — N.15-22.

ss?anueei E.A. Oaeoi?iee aiaeic iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi
// I?eaeiii?ianueeee iaoeiaee ainiee: Iaaeaaiaiea. ? 103 (170).
Aeiii?iiao?ianuee: Aeaeaaieoeoai «Iaoea i inaioa», 1998. — N.58-61.

Aeieo?aiei O.I., ?e/eiaa E.A., ss?anueei E.A. Noeoiiinoue oaoiieiaie
?aaeicaoei? iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano o caaaeueiiinaioiueiio
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio caeeaaei // I?iaeaie no/aniiai ienoaoeoaa i
eoeueoo?e: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Iaoiaee/ia oa oaoiieiai/ia
caaacia/aiiy iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano. — Oa?eia, 1999. — N.21-27
(aaoi?nueeeo — 2.5 noi?.).

ss?anueei E.A. Aa?enoe/ii caniae oi?aaeiiiy ?ica’ycaiiyi
aeineiaeieoeueeeo caaaeaiue a oiiaao iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe // I?iaeaie
no/aniiai ienoaoeoaa i eoeueoo?e: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.
Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiai/ii i?iaeaie i?aaiicaoei? iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano.
— Oa?eia, 1999. — N.74-78.

A?eioniaa E.?., ss?anueei E.A. Iaa/aeueii-oai?/a aeiyeueiinoue ye
iioaa?iaaiee ia’?eo // Iaaeaaiaiea i ineoieiaiy i?ioanieii? inaioe. ? 1.
— Eueaia, 1999. — N.181-185 (aaoi?nueeeo — 2.5 noi?.).

ss?anueei E.A. I?eioeei aoiaiicaoei? o nenoaii iaaeaaiai/ieo i?eioeeiia
i?aaiicaoei? iaa/aeueii-oai?/i? aeiyeueiinoi o/iia // Iaaeaaiaiea aeui?
oa na?aaeiuei? oeiee: Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aei.1. — E?eaee ?ia:
EAeIO, 1999. — N.60-65.

ss?anueei E.A. Iaa/aeueii-oai?/a aeiyeueiinoue o/iy ye ia’?eo
eiiieaeniiai aeineiaeaeaiiy // Iaaeaaiaiea oa ineoieiaiy: Cai?iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue / Ca caa. ?aae. aeaae. I.O.I?ieiiaiea, /e.-ei?.
A.I.Eiciai?. — Oa?eia: OAeIO, 1999.- Aei. 9. — N. 131-134.

ss?anueei E.A. I?iaeaia iioaa?aoei? i?ioeania iaa/aiiy i aeoiaaiiy a
iaaeaaiai/iie niaaeueii A.I.Nooiieeinueeiai // Ainiee OAeIO.
Iaaeaaiai/ii iaoee / Aie. ?aaeaeoi? aeaae. I.O.I?ieiiaiei. — Oa?eia:
OAeIO, 1999.- ? 7. — Aei.1. — N. 99-104.

ss?anueei E.A. Canoinoaaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo caniaia a oi?aaeiiii
iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth o/iia // Caniae iaa/aeueii? oa
iaoeiai-aeineiaeii? ?iaioe: Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue / Ca caa. ?aae.
i?io. A.I. ?aaeieeiiaa i i?io. I.I. Ieeeothea. — Oa?eia: OAeIO, 1999. —
Aei. 10. — N. 97-101.

ss?anueei E.A. Oaoiieiaiy i?iaeooaaiiy aa?enoe/ieo caniaia oi?aaeiiiy
aeiyeueiinoth o/iia // Ainiee Oa?eianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iieioaoii/iiai
oiiaa?neoaoo. Cai?ea iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 49. — Oa?eia: OAeIO, 1999.
— N. 146-151.

ss?anueei E.A. Oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith aeiyeueiinoth oeiey?ia a
oiiaao iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe. -?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiai/ieo
iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 13.00.01 — oai?iy oa inoi?iy iaaeaaiaiee.
-Oa?eianueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaiai/iee oiiaa?neoao ii. A.N. Neiai?iaee,
Oa?eia, 1999.

Aeena?oaoeieio ?iaioo i?enay/aii i?iaeaii oi?aaeiiiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith
aeiyeueiinoth oeiey?ia caaaeueiiinaioiueiai iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai
caeeaaeo. Aeyaeaii iniaeeainoi iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano a oiiaao
iioi?iaoecaoei? inaioe. Iaa?oioiaaii canoinoaaiiy o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? aeineiaeieoeueeeo caaaeaiue, i?iaiaeiciaaii aoaie ?o
?ica’ycaiiy. Aeyaeaii nooiinoue, no?oeoo?o oa ooieoei? nenoai aa?enoee
ye caniaia oi?aaeiiiy aeiyeueiinoth o/iia. ?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii o
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean eiiieaen cania?a oi?aae?iiy iaa/aeueii-oai?/ith
ae?yeuei?noth o/i?a. Aeiaaaeaii, ui eiai canoinoaaiiy ni?ey?
iiaeaeuaiith yeinoi ciaiue o/i?a oa iaaeaaiith ieie aeinaiaeo oai?/i?
aeiyeueiinoi.

Eeth/iai neiaa: oi?aaeiiiy, iaa/aeueii-oai?/a aeiyeueiinoue,
iioi?iaoecaoeiy inaioe, aeineiaeieoeueei caaaeaiiy, aa?enoeee.

ss?anueei A.A. Oi?aaeaiea o/aaii-oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoueth
oeieueieeia a oneiaeyo eioi?iaoecaoeee ia?aciaaiey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee. —
Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao
ei. A.N. Neiai?iaeu, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?anniio?aieth i?iaeaiu oi?aaeaiey
o/aaii-oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoueth oeieueieeia. Auyaeaiu iniaaiiinoe
iaaeaaiae/aneiai i?ioeanna a oneiaeyo eioi?iaoecaoeee ia?aciaaiey,
eioi?ua caeeth/athony a ?aaeecaoeee eioi?iaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneiai
acaeiiaeaenoaey, /oi nicaeaao oneiaey aeey oaaee/aiey oai?/aneiai
eiiiiiaioa a aeayoaeueiinoe o/eoaey e o/aieea. Iainiiaaia niaieoiiinoue
iiaeoiaeia e aiaeeco iaaeaaiae/aneiai i?ioeanna: nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iue,
eeaa?iaoe/aneee, oaoiieiae/aneee, oaeoi?iue.

N iiiiuueth nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiai aiaeeca o/aaii-oai?/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe o/aueony auyaeaiu a? no?oeoo?a, cia/aiea nenoaiu
i?aaeiinuei/iiai ciaiey, niioiioaiea oai?/aneiai e ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai
eiiiiiaioia, a oaeaea i?iaiaeece?iaaii aeaenoaea nenoaiiuo caeiiia:
iaiaoiaeeiiai ?aciiia?acey, ia?aoiie nayce, yeno?aiaeueiinoe e ae?oaeo.
Oaeoi?iue aiaeec o/aaii-oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe inouanoaeai n
i?eiaiaieai iauaeoeaiiai, noauaeoeaiiai, ee/iinoiiai e /aeiaa/aneiai
oaeoi?ia. Auyaeaia nouiinoue eaaeaeiai oaeoi?a e i?ioeai?a/ey, eioi?ua
aicieeatho i?e eo aeaenoaee.

Iainiiaaia eiioeaioeey oi?aaeaiey o/aaii-oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoueth
o/aueony eae i?ioeanna nicaeaiey iauaeoeaii eee noauaeoeaii iiaiai n
eniieueciaaieai o??o aeaeia oi?aaeaiey: i?yiiai, nioi?aaeaiey e
naiioi?aaeaiey. Ia iniiaa i?aaeeiaeaiiie eiioeaioeee naeaeai auaiae i
oeaeaniia?aciinoe i?eiaiaiey eiiieaena n?aaenoa oi?aaeaiey
o/aaii-oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoueth o/aueony; a ninoaa aai aoiaeyo
caaea/e, n iiiiuueth eioi?uo nicaeathony i?iaeaiiua neooaoeee, e
ya?enoeee, iin?aaenoaii eniieueciaaiey eioi?uo inouanoaeyaony oi?aaeaiea
aeayoaeueiinoueth o/aueony ii ?aoaieth oaeeo caaea/.

?ac?aaioai e yenia?eiaioaeueii i?iaa?ai eiiieaen n?aaenoa oi?aaeaiey
o/aaii-oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoueth, aeeth/athuee caaea/e ia
i?iaeoeoeaioth aeayoaeueiinoue e ya?enoeee. Aeaiiue eiiieaen aiaae??i a
o/aaiue i?ioeann n iiiiuueth i?ia?aiiiiai n?aaenoaa o/aaiiai iacia/aiey,
a eioi?ii ?aaeeciaaiu oi?aaeaiea, ?acaeaeaiea aeayoaeueiinoe ia o?iaie,
i?aainoaaiiinoue eioi?iaoeee.

Ioo?i yenia?eiaioaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey i?iaa?ai eiiieaen n?aaenoa,
aeeth/athuee enneaaeiaaoaeueneea caaeaiey e nenoaiu ya?enoee.
Enneaaeiaaoaeueneea caaeaiey iiaeaee?otho ?acee/iua oeiu o/aaiuo
cao?oaeiaiee e nicaeatho oneiaey aeey inouanoaeaiey o/aaii-oai?/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe o/aueony. Iainiiaaiu yoaiu ?aoaiey oaeeo caaeaiee; ia
eaaeaeii yoaia auyaeaiu nouiinoue aeayoaeueiinoe, aiciiaeiua
cao?oaeiaiey e oiaiey, eioi?ua oi?ie?othony a ?acoeueoaoa
aeayoaeueiinoe. Nenoaia ya?enoee aeeth/aao n?aaenoaa oi?aaeaiey
aeayoaeueiinoueth o/auaainy ia eaaeaeii yoaia ?aoaiey
enneaaeiaaoaeueneiai caaeaiey; ooieoeey eo caeeth/aaony a ono?aiaiee
i?ioeai?a/ee, aicieeathueo a i?ioeanna o/aaii-oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Inouanoaeaiea oai?aoeei-yenia?eiaioaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey iicaieeei
noi?ioee?iaaoue iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey, eioi?ua iaiaoiaeeii nicaeaoue a
o/aaiii i?ioeanna aeey i?aaiecaoeee o/aaii-oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe
oeieueieeia a oneiaeyo eioi?iaoecaoeee ia?aciaaiey.

Yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea iieacaei, /oi aiaae?aiea a o/aaiue
i?ioeann eiiieaena n?aaenoa oi?aaeaiey o/aaii-oai?/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoueth niinianoaiaaei iiauoaieth ea/anoaa ciaiee oeieueieeia
e iaeaaeaieth eie iiuoii oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oi?aaeaiea, o/aaii-oai?/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue,
eioi?iaoecaoeey ia?aciaaiey, enneaaeiaaoaeueneea caaeaiey, ya?enoeee.

Yaresko K.V. Control of educational-and-creative activities of school
children under conditions of education informatization. — Manuscript.

The dissertation for the degree of the Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences
under speciality 13.00.01 — Theory and History of Pedagogics, Kharkiv
State Pedagogical University named after G.S.Skovoroda, Kharkiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to a problem of management of
educational-and-creative activities of school children of
starting-educative organization of general education. Peculiarities of
pedagogical process under conditions of education informatization are
revealed. It is graund to use research tasks, analyzed out the stages of
their solution in educational process. Essence, structure and functions
of system of heuretics as way for management of educational-and-creative
activities of school children are interpreted. A set of the means of
management of educational-and-creative activities of school children are
worked out and adopted to school process. It is proved that employment
of the means promote knowledge quality improvement and acquire an
experience of creative activities by children.

KEYWORDS: management, educational-and-creative activities, education
informatization, research tasks, heuretics.

?en.1. Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea canai?iiy ciaiue ia oai?/iio ??ai?
o/iyie aenia?eiaioaeueieo (A1, A2) ? eiio?ieueieo (E1, E2) eean?a.

E3 — na?aaei?e eiao?oe??io canai?iiy ciaiue ia oai?/iio ??ai?

A1 E1 A2 E2

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