45

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AAIE?ANUeEI? NI?AAE

OAeE 336.7.1

Aanth?aiei Ieaa Aieiaeeie?iae/

Oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie

iia?aoe?yie: iaoiaeieia?y ? i?aeoeea

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.04.01 – O?iaine, a?ioiaee ia?a ? e?aaeeo

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Noie –1999 ??e

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio – aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

A?eiueiaa Aaeaioeia Ieeiea?aia

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith
a?ciano oa i?aei?e?iieoeoaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iaoiaieiaa Na?oeaia Aaeaioei?aia

Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y aaie?anueei? ni?aae, caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith
o?iain?a

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iae?ioeiaa Aaeeia Na?a??aia

Oa?e?anueeee o?e?ae Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oieoi Aaea??e Aaneeueiae/

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee o?iainiaee ?inoeooo i?e I?i?noa?noa? o?iain?a
Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo aenia?oieo ioe?iie
iae?iaeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a oa aiae?co oi?ioaaiiy ? aeeiiaiiy
athaeaeaoo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a

o?iain?a ? e?aaeeoo, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe

Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «10» ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.55.081.01 i?e Oe?a?inuee?e aeaaeai??
aaie?anueei? ni?aae ca aae?anith: 244030, i. Noie, aoe. Niai?ia, 39,
aoae. 204

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei? ni?aae ca aae?anith: 244030, i. Noie, aoe.
Niai?ia, 39.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «05» aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.A. Eiaaeaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia no/aniiio aoai? aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo, a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?? iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, na?aae i?iaeai, ye? iia’ycai? c
aeoiaeii Oe?a?ie c e?eciaiai noaio, aaaeeeaa i?noea caeiathoue caaea/?
oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaii? o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? nenoaie.

Aaie?anueea nenoaia, yea ? iniiaith o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo a?aeiinei,
a?-ae?a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue o ?aoi?ioaaii? aeiiii?/ii? no?oeoo?e
aea?aeaae. Aenooiath/e aaaeeeaei aeaiaioii a?aeoai?aiiy no?oeoo?e
aeiiii?ee, e?aaeeoi? ?inoeoooe i?aai?cothoue ?oo oa ia?a?iciiae?e
?ano?n?a noni?euenoaa o ?o a?ioiaiio ae?ac?. *a?ac aaie?anueeo nenoaio
i?ioiaeyoue a?ioia? ?ic?aooiee ? ieaoaae? ainiiaea?thth/eo noa’?eo?a oa
ianaeaiiy. Naia eiia?oe?ei? aaiee aeeiiothoue aaaeeeao ooieoe?th
iia?e?caoe?? oei/aniai a?eueieo eioo?a ? ia?aoai?aiiy ?o o ?aaeueiee
eai?oae ca aeiiiiiaith cae?eniaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo e?aaeeoieo,
?iaanoeoe?eieo oa ?ioeo iia?aoe?e, caaacia/oth/e oaeei /eiii iio?aao
aeiiii?ee a aeiaeaoeiaeo ?ano?nao. Na?aae noa’?eo?a
o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? eiia?oe?ei? aaiee iiaeii?
iaeii/anii i?iaiicoaaoe aeeiai?eo aeiiii?/ii? oa iie?oe/ii?
eii’thieoo?e, a oaeiae iaea?eueo oaeaeei ? aeinoaoiuei aio/ei ?aaaoaaoe
ia aoaeue-ye? ci?ie, ui a?aeaoaathoueny ia o?iainiaiio ?eieo.

I?eeiyooy caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a i?i aeani?noue, ainiiaea?/? oiaa?enoaa,
aaiee, ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/io ae?yeuei?noue, aaethoia ?aaoethaaiiy, o
naith /a?ao, iio?aao? ia?aoiaeo aei ye?nii iiaiai aoaio ?icaeoeo
aaie?anueei? nenoaie. Oea noino?oueny aecia/aiiy no?aoaa?/ieo iai?yie?a
?icaeoeo aaie?a, oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino?, ci?ie i?noey oa ?ie? eiia?oe?eieo aaie?a o
caaaeuei?e o?iainiai-e?aaeeoi?e nenoai?, aeyaeaiiy no/anieo oaiaeaioe?e
?o ?icaeoeo a oiiaao no?oeoo?ieo oa ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aoai?aiue a
aeiiii?oe?.

I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaie?a caeaaeeoue a?ae
cae?eniaiiy caeiiiaeaa/eo ci?i o iai?yieo ?icoe?aiiy ?o iiaiiaaaeaiue oa
iiaeeeainoae i?e i?iaaaeaii? iia?aoe?e ia o?iainiaeo ?eieao ? a oie aea
/an – i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy i?ici?ino? e eiio?ieueiaaiino? aaie?anueei?
ae?yeueiino? c iaoith i?aeo?eiaiiy noaa?eueiino? o?iainiai? nenoaie a
oe?eiio.

Noaiiaeaiiy aaie?anueei? nenoaie o?nii iia’ycaia ?c noai?aiiyi
aoaeoeaiiai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeith ae?yeuei?noth, ae?eiai?
nenoaie ?aaoethaaiiy oa eiio?ieth aaie?anueeeo iia?aoe?e. Oea, a naith
/a?ao, iio?aao? aea/aiiy ? a?aooaaiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai aeina?aeo , a
oaeiae iniaeeainoae ? no/anieo iiaeeeainoae o?iainiaiai ?eieo Oe?a?ie.

Inoaii? aeanyoe??//y aieiaiei /eiii ci?ieee iiaeyaee ia aaiee ?
aaie?anueeo ae?yeuei?noue. C iaeiiai aieo, oea iaoiiaeaii iiaeeeaeie,
i?aeoe/ii ieoo?aeie (c oi/ee ci?o oeeeeo oi?aae?iiy) ci?iaie oiia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaieo, c ?ioiai, – ana a?eueo yaia ?ioaa?aoe?y
aaie?anueeeo nenoai, o?iainiaa eiieo?aioe?y, yea iineeth?oueny, oa
?icaeoie ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e caiaeyoue iai?aaoeue i?oiaeienaeuei?
iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie iia?aoe?yie.

O ca’yceo c oeei ca?ac aaiee ye i?aai?caoe?ei? nenoaie aeinoaoiuei
oaeaeei aaiethoe?iiothoue a?aeiinii aeei?enoiaoaaieo iaoiae?a
oi?aae?iiy, iio?aaothoue ?icaeoeo oa iino?eiiai aaeineiiaethaaiiy
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo i?aeoiae?a.

Iaoiaeieia?/i?, iaoiaee/i? e aeiiii?ei-i?aai?caoe?ei? aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy
oa ?icaeoeo aaie?a, aaie?anueeeo nenoai a?aeia?aaeai? a ?iaioao
i?ia?aeieo a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo aeiiii?no?a: I. Aiae?iiiaa, I.
Aa?aiianueeiai, ?. Ao?aeianueeiai, E. Aeaieeue/aiea, A. Aeieaia, O.
Aeuethca?a, ?. AEoeiaa, I. Ca?oae , ?. E?eaona, ?. Eea?ea, A.
Ei?iaiai?, E. E?anaa?ii?, E. Eaiiaaea, I. Eaa?ooeia, A. Eaen?na, ?.
Eoe?iiaa, A. I?eiaeaeiaa,I. Ii?ica, ?. I?eaaooa, E. ?a?anueeiai, AE.
??aoa?a, I. ?ioca, I. Naaeoea, A. Noaiaiaiea, A. Onine?ia, A. THuaiea oa
?i.

O oie aea /an aea/aiiy oa aiae?c iioae?eiaaieo ca aeaiith i?iaeaiaoeeith
iaoa??ae?a, iaoiaeieia?/ieo eiioeaioe?e, iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a oa
i?aeoe/ieo ?ic?iaie aeicaieeee c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ieoaiiy
iiooeo e oi?ioaaiiy eiioeaiooaeueieo ? iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei
ae??oaiiy caaea/? aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie iia?aoe?yie
iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeai? ye o iaoeiaiio, oae ? a
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaeieia?/iiio aniaeoao. Oea iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia
ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? aaie?anueeeo onoaiia, ? acaaae? ia
noaa?euei?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? nenoaie.

Ia’?eoeaia iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaeueoiai iiaeeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo
aeine?ae-aeaiue ? i?eeeaaeieo ?ic?iaie c iaoith oaeineiiaeaiiy
oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie iia?aoe?yie c i???ioaoe??th ia aecia/aiiy
aaie?anueei? nenoaie, ye neeaaeiai? o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo a?aeiinei,
coiiaeea aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?? oa ?? cia/aiiy aeey ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa ocaiaeaeo?oueny c iniiaieie iai?yieaie iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a,
oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue oa aeniiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aoei i?iaaaeaii
a?aeiia?aeii aei aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe, yea
aeeiioaaeanue ca?aeii c ??oaiiyi AeEIO a ?aieao aea?aeaaii?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie “I?aeaaeocaaa i?ia?aia iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue o noa?? aeaiiiiiie?caoe?? aeiiii?ee ? ?icaeoeo
eiieo?aioe?? ia 1995–1997 ?iee” (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
0196U003140).

Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? o aeaeyae? i?ia?aie eo?no
“Aaie?anuee? iia?aoe??” ? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo
iaoa??ae?a c eo?n?a “Iia?aoe?? oeaio?aeueieo aaie?a”, “Aaethoia
?aaoethaaiiy”, “Aiae?c aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino?”, “Aaie?anuee?
iia?aoe??” a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aeiiii?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo oa Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei? ni?aae (i. Noie).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe – ?ic?iaea
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeith ae?yeuei?noth, iaa?oiooaaiiy
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo i?eioeei?a noai?aiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy
aaie?anueeeie ?ano?naie, ye? caaacia/othoue caaeainiaaiee i?aeo?ae aei
oi?aae?iiy aeoeaii-ianeaieie iia?aoe?yie eiia?oe?eieo aaie?a a oiiaao
?ecee?a ? iaaecia/aiinoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?e?i — oa iae?ina?aaeiaeua.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoei ae??oaii oae? caaea/?:

iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy o noa??
aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino?, ye oiiae caaacia/aiiy noaa?eueiino?
o?iainiaiai noaio Oe?a?ie;

aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo oa ae?yeueiino? eiia?oe?eieo aaie?a
ia iniia? aeyaeaiiy oaiaeaioe?e ci?i ?inoeoooe?iiaeueii? oa
ooieoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo? aaie?anueei? nenoaie;

?ic?iaeaii oai?aoe/i? iniiae noai?aiiy oa canoinoaaiiy ae?eiaeo
i?aeoiae?a aei oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie ?ano?naie ia aac?
iao?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a no?aoeo?eaoe?? iie????a?o?/ieo iiaeaeae;

naaiaioiaaii iniiai? neeaaeia? aaie?anueeiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, aecia/aii ?o
niaoeeo?/i? aeanoeaino? oa caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino?;

anoaiiaeaii ? aea/aii iniaeeaino? aca?iica’yceo no?aoaa?/iiai,
oaeoe/iiai e iia?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeith ae?yeuei?noth c
iaoith cae?eniaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai caaeainiaaiiai aeai?o o?iainiaeo
?ino?oiaio?a;

iaa?oioiaaii oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei no?oeoo?ecaoe??
aai-e?anueeiai ii?ooaey ?ano?n?a, ia?aiao?ecaoe?? e?eoa??aeueieo
i?inoi??a i?iaaaeaiiy aaie?anueeeo iia?aoe?e, ye? aeicaieythoue
iioei?coaaoe ae??oaiiy ye eieaeueieo, oae ? caaaeueieo caaea/ oi?aae?iiy
aaie?anueeith ae?yeuei?noth ia aeiaaeueiiio ??ai?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o oaeiio:

icia/aii iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaieo ye a?aee?eoi? neeaaeii?
aeeiai?/ii? nenoaie. Iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee oa ?ice?eoi
i?eioeeie oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie iia?aoe?yie;

aeine?aeaeaii aeei?enoiaoaai? iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie ?ano?naie
? oiiae, ui aecia/athoue iai?yiee i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?o
canoinoaaiiy;

ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo oa aca?iicaeaaeiino?
no?aoaa?/iiai, oaeoe/iiai e iia?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie
iia?aoe?yie cai?iiiiiaaii ?ioaa?i-aeeoa?aioe?eiee i?aeo?ae , yeee
iieyaa?, c iaeiiai aieo, a ocaaaeueiaii? iaoiae?a, aeai?eoi?a ? cania?a
oi?aae?iiy ?ano?naie, c ae?oaiai, – a aeoeaiooaaii? oaaae ia niaoeeo?oe?
ie?aieo caaea/ oi?aae?iiy;

ia iniia? oyaeaiiy aaieo ye a?aee?eoi? neeaaeii? aeeiai?/ii? nenoaie ?
aeei?enoaiiy iaeiiai c iniiaieo i?eioeei?a oi?aae?iiy iie????a?o?/ieie
nenoaiaie – aea?o?iaeueiino?, oiaoi iiaeeeaino? aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii?
iaoe ??ciiiai?oieie oeyoaie, cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai
no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy;

i?iaaaeaii no?oeoo?oaaiiy e?eoa???a oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie ?ano?naie c
iaoith no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy ca iieacieeaie ?aae?noe/iino?,
aio/eino?, ae?aiaciio canoiniaaiino?, i?inoioe aeei?enoaiiy,
aeiiii?/iino?;

cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae eiiia?aoeaieo n?/aiue, yeee aeicaiey? i?eeiaoe
iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeuei? ??oaiiy uiaei oi?aae?iiy caeo/aiiyi aaie?anueeeo
?ano?n?a ca ?aooiie aiae?co ??ciiiai?oieo ca ?ioi?iaoeai?noth ?
nooiaiyie aa?aaoaaiiy n?/aiue i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeia?aaeothoue aeeiai?eo
aeoeaii-ianeaieo iia?aoe?e aaieo;

?ic?iaeaii oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee uiaei caaeainiaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy e?aaeeoieie aeeaaeaiiyie. Ia aac? iaoiae?a noaoenoe/ii?
oai??? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue cai?iiiiiaaii aeai?eoi aiae?co e?aaeeoieo
cayaie ia noaiaea?oeciaai? ?aaoey?i? iiceee. C o?aooaaiiyi iiooeo
eiii?ii?n?a iioei?noe/ii-ianei?noe/iiai e?eoa??th ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae
iioei?caoe?? e?eueeino? iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo e?aaeeo?a;

iaa?oioiaaii iiiyooy ?iaanoeoe?eiiai eiiona, yeee aecia/a?oueny
i?noe?noth ?iaanoeoe?eieo eioo?a ? ii?iaoeaieie iieacieeaie;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee ?iaanooaaiiy, aeai?o
?aoe?iiaeueieo ioe?iie aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeeaaeaiue;

cai?iiiiiaaii i?aeo?ae uiaei oi?aae?iiy aaethoieie ?ano?naie, caniiaaiee
ia aeaeiiiiceoe?eieo aeanoeainoyo neeaaeieo nenoai: iiae?eueiino? oa
aaeeoeaiino?;

aaaaeaii iiiyooy ia/?oeeo ?ano?n?a aaieo, iia?aoe?e c ieie oa e?eoa???a
aoaeoeaiino?. Aecia/aiiy ia/?oeino? iaoiiaeaii niaoeeo?eith aaie?anueei?
ae?yeueiino?, iia’ycaiith c ??ciith ca aeaeii oa nooiaiai
iaaecia/ai?noth: a?aenooi?noth ?ioi?iaoe??, ?? iaiiaiioith
(iaaeinoaoi?noth, iaaaeaeaaoi?noth, iaaeinoia??i?noth, iaoi/i?noth,
?aioia?noth, aaaaoicia/i?noth). Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae
aei oai?aoeei-?a?iaiai iiaeaethaaiiy ia/?oeiai oi?aae?iiy an?ia aeaeaie
?ano?n?a aaieo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aecia/a?oueny i?iiiceoe?yie
uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy i?eioeei?a, iaoiae?a ? i?aeoiae?a aei oi?aae?iiy
aaie?anueeith ae?yeuei?noth, ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? i?iaaaeaiiy ie?aieo
aeoeaii-ianeaieo iia?aoe?e, ioe?iee aeei?enoaiiy aaie?anueeeo ?ano?n?a.

Iieiaeaiiy ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?,
iieeeeai? ni?eyoe oaeineiiaeaiith iaoai?cio ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?aaeeoieo
?inoeooo?a, i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy eeth/iaeie noa?aie
aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino?.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiae?a ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy
aeicaiey? iaea?eueo iiaii cae?enithaaoe neioac aoaeoeaieo no?aoaa?e
?icaeoeo aaieo c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae oa oiia ie?aieo iai?yie?a
aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino? a ?aieao ia?aieo no?aoaa?e.

?ic?iaeaiee iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei iioei?caoe?? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue
a?aeiinii aeioe?eueiino? cae?eniaiiy e?aaeeoieo iia?aoe?e ?aoe?iiaeueii
canoiniaoaaoe i?e i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy aeoeaaie a oiiaao iaiaaeaiino?
aaie?anueeeo ?ano?n?a.

Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeieia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
?iaanoeoe?eieo aeeaaeaiue aeicaieythoue ?aoe?iiae?coaaoe aea?? ia’?eo?a
aaie?anueeiai ?iaanooaaiiy ye a noaoe/iiio, oae ? a aeeiai?/iiio
aniaeoao.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ye? iathoue i?eeeaaeiee
oa?aeoa?, ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy a ae?yeueiino? ie?aieo eiia?oe?eieo
aaie?a, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a?aeiia?aeieie aeoaie ? aeia?aeeaie.
Cie?aia, ?ic?iaeai? aaoi?ii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c ?aae?caoe?? iaoai?cio
?ao?iniaeoeaiiai ieaioaaiiy o aeaeyae? ia/?oeiai iaoiaeo aeeiai?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie ?ano?naie i?eeiyo? aei aeei?enoaiiy a
i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? Aea?aeaaiei aenii?oii-?iii?oiei aaieii Oe?a?ie
(i. Ee?a); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?aoe?iiae?caoe??
oi?aae?iiy caeo/aiiyi aaie?anueeeo ?ano?n?a – aeoe?iia?iei eiia?oe?eiei
aaieii “Cieio? ai?ioa” (i. Oa?e?a); iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee uiaei
i?aai?caoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee o?iainiaiai ?iaanooaaiiy oa aeai?o
?aoe?iiaeueieo ioe?iie aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeeaaeaiue –
?iioa/iei eiia?oe?eiei aeoe?iia?iei aaieii (i. Ee?a).

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa. Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ui aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno, io?eiai? aeena?oaioii iniaenoi ? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy o
?iaioao, ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue yeeo iioae?eiaaia iaeiiin?aii.

Eiie?aoia iniaenoa o/anoue aaoi?a a iaea?aeaii? iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a,
aeeeaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe??, iieyaa? o iinoaiiaoe? i?iaeaie oi?aae?iiy
aaie?anueeeie iia?aoe?yie, ?ic?iaoe? oai?aoe/ieo iniia oa i?aeoe/ieo
caoiae?a ?? ae??oaiiy:

oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii eiioeaioe?th ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaieo a no/anieo
oiiaao;

anoaiiaeaii aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy aecia/aieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy
aaie?anueeeie ?ano?naie;

aeine?aeaeaii aca?iica’ycie no?aoaa?/iiai, oaeoe/iiai ? iia?aoeaiiai
oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeith ae?yeuei?noth;

cai?iiiiiaaii i?aeo?ae uiaei i?eeiyooy iaa?oioiaaieo oi?aae?inueeeo
??oaiue ii caeo/aiith aaie?anueeeo ?ano?n?a;

iaa?oioiaaii e?eoa??e iioei?caoe?? e?eueeino? iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo
e?aaeeo?a;

cae?eniaii no?oeoo?ecaoe?th ii?ooaeth aaie?anueeeo ?ano?n?a;

aecia/aii nenoaio ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeeaaeaiue;

?ic?iaeaii caoiaee uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy aaethoieie
?ano?naie;

cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeaethaaiiy an?o aeae?a aaie?anueeeo ?ano?n?a a oiiaao
iaaecia/aiino?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue, io?eiai? aeena?oaioii, aoee ii?eethaeiai? e noaaeai? ia
nai?ia?ao, ye? i?iaiaeeeenue I?aeia?iaeiei ?inoeoooii iaiaaeaeiaioo (i.
Ee?a, 1996 – 1997?.?.), ia eiioa?aioe?yo, i?aai?ciaaieo Aaaionoaii
I?aeia?iaeiiai ?icaeoeo NOA a i. Iueth-Ei?eo oa i. Aaoeiaoii?
(Presentation of Ukrainian banking system, 1997?.), ia
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo (i. Oa?e?a, i.
Noie).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? a 18 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 53,6 oi.-ae?oe. a?e., iniaenoi aaoi?o
iaeaaeeoue 53,4 oi.-ae?oe. a?e. Na?aae iaoeiaeo i?aoeue 5 iaeiiin?aieo
iiiia?ao?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, 7
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, 3
aeiaeaoe?a.

Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 489 noi?., o oiio /ene? ia 119 noi??ieao
?ici?uai? 28 oaaeeoeue oa 70 ?ethno?aoe?e, 3 aeiaeaoee ? nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 218 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, aecia/ai?
nooo?a?noue i?iaeaie oa aaoi?nueeee i?aeo?ae uiaei ?? ?ica’ycaiiy.
Noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo, caaea/?, ia’?eo, i?aaeiao oa iaoiaeieia?th
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie. Icia/aii iaoeiao iiaecio aeniiae?a ?
i?iiiceoe?e aaoi?a, aeacaii iai?yiee i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe??
oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue, ye? i?noyoueny a aeena?oaoe??, iaaeaii
io?oe?ei? aeneiaeaiiy uiaei ?acoeueoao?a ai?iaaoe?? aecia/aieo
i?iiiceoe?e.

Ia?oee ?icae?e – “Noaiiaeaiiy, no/aniee noai ? ?icaeoie aaie?anueei?
ni?aae” – i?enay/aii i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino? a
oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, aeine?aeaeaiith
na?oiaiai aeina?aeo ?icaeoeo aaie?anueeeo nenoai, aecia/aiith
aeiiii?/ii? nooiino? iiiyooy “aaie” ye a?aee?eoi? neeaaeii? aeeiai?/ii?
nenoaie. I?iaiae?ciaaii iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo no/anii?
aaie?anueei? nenoaie Oe?a?ie. E?eoe/ii ocaaaeueiaii iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy
aaie?anueeeie iia?aoe?yie, noi?ioeueiaaii oiiae ?o canoinoaaiiy.

I?iaaaeaia aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeaiiy no/aniiai noaio ? i?iaeai
?icaeoeo aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino? iieacaei, ui aaie?anueea nenoaia ?
iniiaiith eaieith o?iainiai? nenoaie aoaeue-yei? aea?aeaae, yea
caaacia/o? ?oo a?ioiaeo oa eai?oaeueieo ?ano?n?a noni?euenoaa.

Ia nueiaiaei? i?aeoe/ii ia ?nio? ?aeeiiai , oi/iiai e iaeiicia/iiai
aecia/aiiy oaeiai oi?aa?naeueiiai iiiyooy ye “aaie”. Ia iniia? ?icaeyaeo
a ii??aiyeueiiio aniaeo? iayaieo oai?aoe/ieo aecia/aiue aaoi?ii
noi?ioeueiaaii eiino?oeoeaia aecia/aiiy aaieo ye a?aee?eoi? neeaaeii?
aeeiai?/ii? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?ano?naie a ?o a?ioiaiio ae?ac?.

Eiaeiee aaie ? aeaiaioii aaie?anueei? nenoaie, yea, o naith /a?ao,
aenooia? a yeino? i?aenenoaie aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie a oe?eiio. Oaeei
/eiii, aaie – naiino?eia nenoaia, yea ? a?aee?eoith ii a?aeiioaiith aei
a?eueo ia’?iieo nenoai. A?aee?eo?noue nenoaie icia/a? c?inoaiiy ??
aeeoa?aioe?aoe??, i?aaiaiiy aei a?eueoi? niaoe?ae?caoe?? nai?o aeaiaio?a
oa ?icoe?aiiy aeanieo ei?aeii?a. Iiiyooy neeaaeiino? nenoaie iia’ycaia c
oaeeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, ye aaaaoii??i?noue, ??ciiiai?oi?noue ca’yce?a,
no?oeoo?ia aa??aoeai?noue, aaaaoie?eoa??aeuei?noue. Ia?aoo?, aeeiai?ea
oi?aae?iiy ?ano?naie aecia/a?oueny aeinyaiaiiyi aioo??oi?o noaiiaeu, ye?
caaacia/othoue no?eea iinooiiaa ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa ?icaeoie aaieo.

Iiae?aia aecia/aiiy caaacia/o?, c iaeiiai aieo , noai?aiiy ye?nieo
iiaeaeae oa iaoiaeee aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino?, c
?ioiai, – aeicaiey? cae?enieoe ?ic?iaeo aoaeoeaieo i?aeoiae?a aei
oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie iia?aoe?yie, ye ia no?aoaa?/iiio, oae ? ia
oaeoe/iiio e iia?aoeaiiio ??aiyo.

A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai aeina?aeo ?icaeoeo aaie?anueeeo
nenoai anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiith oa iioeiaeueiith, c oi/ee
ci?o i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae, aenooia? aeai??aiaaa no?oeoo?a, a ye?e
i?aaenoaaeaiee Oeaio?aeueiee aaie, ye aaie ia?oiai ??aiy, a oaeiae
eiia?oe?ei? aaiee – aaiee ae?oaiai ??aiy. Aiae?c iniaeeainoae
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaie?anueeeo nenoai ?icaeiooeo e?a?i i?aeoaa?aeea
iaiao?aei?noue, c iaeiiai aieo, ?icoe?aiiy iiaeeeainoae aaie?a o
cae?eniaii? iia?aoe?e ia ??cieo naaiaioao o?iainiaiai ?eieo,
aeeaa?neo?eaoe?? ?o ae?yeueiino? a oiiaao iineeaiiy eiieo?aioe??, a c
?ioiai, – oe??ieaiiy ?aaoethth/eo ooieoe?e aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a o noa??
aaie?anueeiai iaaeyaeo c iaoith caiia?aaiiy o?iainiaei e?ecai oa caoenoo
?ioa?an?a aeeaaeiee?a.

I?e ?icaeyae? i?ioeano noai?aiiy ? ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii? aaie?anueei?
nenoaie Oe?a?ie a ?iaio? cae?eniaii no?oeoo?oaaiiy oeueiai i?ioeano ia
iniia? aeae?eaiiy iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueii-/aniaeo aoai?a, iaaaaeaieo o
oaae. 1.

Aiae?c aeae?eaieo aoai?a iieacaa, ui aaie?anuee? ?inoeoooe aenooiathoue
i?aeoe/ii ?aeeiei aeaiaioii ?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, yeee a oiiaao
ia?iaiaioii? aeiiii?/ii? e?ece caeeoa?oueny aeinoaoiuei i?eaooeiaith ?
a?aeiinii noaa?eueiith noa?ith aeeaaeaiiy eai?oaeo.

?acii c oeei aaie?anuee?e noa?? i?eoaiaii? an? i?iaeaie ia??iaeo
?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. Iniiaieie na?aae ieo ? a?aenooi?noue
i?ia?aneaii? caeiiiaeaa/i-ii?iaoeaii? aace, iecueeee ye?niee ??aaiue
nenoaie iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, iaaoaeoeaia no?oeoo?a iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee,
a?aenooi?noue aioo??oi?o ? iaaeinoaoi?noue ciai?oi?o aeaea?ae
?iaanooaaiiy, iecueea eai?oae?caoe?y aaie?a, iaaoaeoeaia oi?aae?iiy
aaie?anueeeie iia?aoe?yie, ye ia aioo??oiueiio, oae ? ia i?aeia?iaeieo
?eieao. Oiio a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? a yeino? iaei??? c iniiaieo caaea/
aecia/aia ?ic?iaea iaoeiai-iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a ? i?eioeei?a
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae??aiai iaoai?cio iaiaaeaeiaioo aaie?anueei?
ae?yeueiino?, ye o no?aoaa?/iiio, oae ? a oaeoe/iiio aniaeoao.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aoaie noai?aiiy ? ?icaeoeo aaie?anueei? nenoaie Oe?a?ie*aniaee
?ioa?aaeOoieoe?iiaeueia i?ecia/aiiy1988–1990 ?.?.Noai?aiiy i?ioioeio
nenoaie oe?a?inueeeo eiia?oe?eieo aaie?a o neeaae? aaie?anueei? nenoaie
N?N?1991–

I i?a??//y 1992?.Ia?a?a?no?aoe?y oe?a?inueeeo eiia?oe?eieo aaie?a ?
ii/aoie oi?ioaaiiy aaie?anueei? nenoaie Oe?a?ie ye iacaeaaeii?
aea?aeaaeII i?a??//y 1992?.–1993 ?.?icaeoie aaie?anueei? nenoaie Oe?a?ie
ia aoai? noaiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai ? iie?oe/iiai noaa?ai?oaoo
aea?aeaae1994–1996??.?icaeoie aaie?anueei? nenoaie Oe?a?ie ia ia?oiio
aoai? ?aae?caoe?? eo?no aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i iiiaoa?ieie iaoiaeaie1997 ?.
? aei nueiaiaei??icaeoie aaie?anueei? nenoaie a oiiaao iiaeeaeaiiy
o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? e?ece, iinooiiaee ia?ao?ae a?ae iiiaoa?ieo
iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?eith aei ?? no?oeoo?iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiyO
ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “Iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy
aaie?anueeith ae?yeuei?noth” – aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? oi?aae?iiy a
o?iainiai-aaie?anuee?e noa??; aeae?eaii oa iaa?oioiaaii iaeaaaeeea?o?
eiiiiiaioe iaiaaeaeiaioo aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino?; oai?aoe/ii
iaa?oioiaaii iaoai?ci no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy ae?yeueiino? aaieo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aiae?c nooiino?, iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iaoai?cio iaiaaeaeiaioo aaie?anueeeo iia?aoe?e i?iaaaeai? ia iniia?
oyaeaiiy aaieo ye a?aee?eoi? neeaaeii? aeeiai?/ii? nenoaie. I?ioean
noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? nenoaie ?eieiaiai oeio,
iaiao?aei?noue oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo i?oeii? oa noaa?eueii? aaie?anueei?
nenoaie, ye iniiae o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? nenoaie, coiiaeee i?aeiyooy ia
ye?nii iiaee ??aaiue i?iaeai ?ic?iaee aoaeoeaiiai iaoai?cio
iaiaaeaeiaioo aaie?anueeeo iia?aoe?e c iaoith iiaeieaiiy e?eciaeo yaeu o
o?iainiaiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

Aaie?anueeee iaiaaeaeiaio, ye neeaaeiaa /anoeia o?iainiaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo, ia? naith niaoeeo?eo, ui iieyaa? a iniaeeainoyo oe?eae,
iecoe? e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a (ee??ioaea, ianya aeaiiceo?a, e?aaeeoieo
aeeaaeaiue, ?iaanoeoe?e, ianya iia?aoe?e oiui), iaai?? ye?nieo oaeoi??a
(iieacieee aeioiae?a oa aeo?ao, oaeaee?noue ia?ao eioo?a, nooi?iue
caaeiaieaiino? iio?aa ee??io?a ca ianyaii, no?oeoo?ith, ye?noth iineoa,
iiaeeeaino? aaieo ii caaacia/aiith eiio?aeaioe?eiino? ?ioi?iaoe?? oiui).

Iaiao?aeii i?aee?aneeoe aaaaoii??i?noue noa?e oi?aae?iiy, aei yei?
a?ae-iinyoueny a?ioiaee ia?a ? e?aaeeoi? a?aeiineie ia iae?i — oa
i?e?i??aiyo, iayai?noue ?ecee?a i?e cae?eniaii? aaie?anueeeo iia?aoe?e.

Niaoeeo?ea ae?yeueiino? aaieo, ye iaeiiai c iaeaaaeeea?oeo aeaiaio?a
a?eueo ia’?iii? o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? nenoaie, iio?aao? eiiieaeniiai
i?aeoiaeo aei aeai?o iniiaieo iai?yie?a aaie?anueeiai iaiaaeaeiaioo. sse
a ca?oa?aei?e, oae ? o a?o/eciyi?e niaoe?aeuei?e e?oa?aoo?? iaia?
?aeeiiai eiioeaiooaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aecia/aiiy iniiaieo
ae??oaeueieo eiiiiiaio?a oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeith ae?yeuei?noth.
A?eueo?noue aaoi??a aeae?eythoue aeoaea oe?ieee niaeo? iai?yie?a
aaie?anueeiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, a?aoiaoth/e ?o i?e?iaei? ia’?aeioth/?
/eiieee.

I?e eiioeaiooaeuei?e ?ic?iaoe? ie?aieo no?aoaa?e oaeee i?aeo?ae,
aacoiiaii, iiaea aooe aoaeoeaiei. Aea, c oi/ee ci?o aoaeoeaiino?
i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy, a no/anieo oiiaao ?icaeoeo aeioe?eueii
aeae?eeoe aaciaee iaa?? iniiaieo aeae?a oi?aae?iiy, aeei?enoaiiy yeiai
caaacia/eoue neioac aaeaeaaoieo i?aeoe/iei iio?aaai iaoiae?a
no?aoaa?/iiai ? oaeoe/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo. A?aooaaiiy oeeo aeae?a
oi?aae?iiy iiaea cae?enithaaoeny iine?aeiaiei aai ia?aeaeueiei caniaii,
a a caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo – ia’?aeioth/eie iiaeeo?eaoe?yie. C oe??th
iaoith a ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii ?ioaa?i-aeeoa?aioe?eiee i?aeo?ae, a
iaaeao yeiai, c iaeiiai aieo, ia’?aeiothoueny (?ioaa?othoueny) aeaye?
yeino? ?ano?n?a aai oi?aaeyth/eo ae?e (iai?eeeaae, ia ?iciiae?eythoueny
aeaea?aea oiiae?a), a c ?ioiai, – a?aoiao?oueny (aeeoa?aioe?th?oueny)
niaoeeo?ea ie?aieo i?aeoiae?a aei oi?aae?iiy. Ocaaaeueiaia
no?oeoo?ecaoe?y, yea ia? e?ioeaaith iaoith neioac i?ioeaaeo?
iioeiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy, iia’ycaia c oei, ui aaie i?iaea? oe?eee iaeao
o?iainiaeo iineoa ? ?o aeei?enoaiiy iiaeiii aooe aeinoaoiueith i??ith
neii?aeeiiaaii.

O ca’yceo c oeei a aeena?oaoe?? cae?eniaia no?oeoo?ecaoe?y aaie?anueeiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo ia iniia? aeae?eaiiy oaeeo eiiiiiaio?a: aaie?anueea
iie?oeea, no?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy, oi?aae?iiy aeoeaaie, oi?aae?iiy
ianeaaie, oi?aae?iiy e?ea?aei?noth, ?ecee-iaiaaeaeiaio, oi?aae?iiy
aaethoieie iia?aoe?yie, ?ioi?iaoe?eiee iaiaaeaeiaio.

A?eueo?noue ia?ae?/aieo eiiiiiaio?a, cie?aia iie?oeea oa no?aoaa?/ia
ieaioaaiiy, oi?aae?iiy aeoeaaie ? ianeaaie, oi?aae?iiy e?ea?aei?noth e
?eceeaie, a?ae?a?athoue aecia/aeueio ?ieue a ae?yeueiino? aaieo, ?io?
(iai?eeeaae, ?ioi?iaoe?eiee iaiaaeaeiaio) ? ae?oai?yaeieie, aiie
caaacia/othoue ca nai?th nooi?noth aoaeoeai?noue ia?oeo. Ui noino?oueny
oi?aae?iiy aaethoieie iia?aoe?yie, oi niaoe?ae?noe a neeo aeinoaoiuei?
noaa?eueiino? ciai?oi?o oa aioo??oi?o oiia aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino? a
?icaeiooeo e?a?iao i?aeoe/ii ia aeae?eythoue aaethoiee iaiaaeaeiaio o
naiino?eiee iai?yiie aaie?anueeiai iaiaaeaeiaioo. A aeena?oaoe??
iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue ?icaeyaeaiiy oeueiai iai?yieo ye
naiino?eiiai eiiiiiaioa aaie?anueeiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ia aeaiiio aoai?
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie c iaoith noai?aiiy aio/ei? oa iaae?eii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e, yea caaacia/o? aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaiee ?icaeoie
aenii?oii-?iii?oieo iia?aoe?e, i?eieea ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e. Aeae?eaiiy
ae ?ioeo aeae?a iaiaaeaeiaioo (iai?eeeaae, oi?aae?iiy aeanieie eiooaie,
ye?noth) iaaeioe?eueii, ine?eueee aiie aai iayaii a?aoiaai? a
iaaaaeaiiio iaai??, aai ? aacoiiaieie, oiaoi eiaeiee aaie, a?aoiaoth/e
nai? iiaeeeaino?, iaenei?co? coneeey a oeeo iai?yieao.

Aiae?c iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a no?aoaa?/iiai aaie?anueeiai iaiaaeaeiaioo
aeicaieea aeae?eeoe no?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy ye iaeaaaeeea?oee aeaiaio
oi?aae?iiy ia no?aoaa?/iiio ??ai?. I?e ?icaeyae? iaoiaeieia??
no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy ae?yeueiino? aaieo a aeena?oaoe??
?ice?eoi iniiai? aoaie ieaioaaiiy, cie?aia eiioeaioe?th ?icaeoeo,
oe?e?, iioi/iee noai ?eieo, no?aoaa?th ?icaeoeo aaieo, ?aae?caoe?th
ia?aii? no?aoaa??, a oaeiae aeae?eaii oa aeine?aeaeaii ciai?oi?
e aioo??oi? oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia aoaeoeai?noue ieaioaaiiy
ae?yeueiino? aaieo.

Oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie iia?aoe?yie – oea aeinyaiaiiy iio??aiiai
aioo??oiueiai noaio nenoaie “aaie”, yeee caaacia/o? iaee?au? ca ia?aieie
e?eoa??yie aeo?aei? iieacieee. Aea i?ioean oi?aae?iiy ? aeeiai?/iei,
ioaea, ia eiaeiiio aoai? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue oi?aaeyth/a ae?yiiy
?ic?iaey?oueny ia iniia? iioi/iiai noaio, ia?aae?noi??? oa ?acoeueoao?a
i?iaiic?a c iaia’yceiaei o?aooaaiiyi an?o eiai iaeaooi?o iane?aee?a ia
ianooiieo e?ieao. O oeueiio ca’yceo, c iaoith neioaco aoaeoeaieo
no?aoaa?e ?icaeoeo aaieo, a ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii cae?enithaaoe oae caaia
“?ao?iniaeoeaia” ieaioaaiiy. Nooi?noue cai?iiiiiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo iieyaa?
a oaeiio: ia iniia? iinoaaeaieo oe?eae aecia/athoueny an? eiiiiiaioe
aaaeaiiai noaio aaieo. A caeaaeiino? a?ae oaeoi??a, ui iaiiaeeeai
a?aooaaoe ia aoai? ieaioaaiiy, aaaeaiee noai iiaea?oueny aai ia/?oeeie
iienaie, aai aeayeith iiiaeeiith iiaeeeaeo noai?a. ?o aiae?c aeicaiey?
aecia/eoe, yeeie a iiaee aooe iiia?aaei? ca /anii noaiiaeua, yeae
iaiaaeaeiaio aoa aoaeoeaiei. Ia?aaoe, c oi/ee ci?o aeaiiai aaieo,
?aoe?iiaeueia noaiiaeua, iiaeia ? aeey iueiai aecia/eoe iiia?aaei?.
I?ioean ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai ieaioaaiiy i?iaeiaaeo?oueny aei iiiaioo
i?iaaaeaiiy no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy. Iath/e o i?aenoieo aace?/
“oiiaieo” noai?a oa “oiiaieo” iioeiaeueieo aieea?a ia eiaeiiio e?ioe?,
iiaeia iae?aoe no?aoaa?? aaieo, a?aoiaoth/e a ieo “iiaeeiath/?”
aeanoeaino? aieea?a i?e?i- oa iae?ina?aaeiaeua. Aieiaiee e?eoa??e aeai?o
i?e oeueiio oi?ioeth?oueny oae: yeee ae ia aoa noai aaieo ia?aae
/a?aiaei aoaiii, ieaioaaiiy ia oeueiio aoai? iiaeiii cae?enithaaoeny
oaeei /eiii, uia caaacia/oaaoe iaeneiaeueiee aea?ao ia o?eueee ia
aeaiiio, a e aea?ao ia an?o ianooiieo aoaiao.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? – “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae oaeoe/iiai oi?aae?iiy
aaie?anueeeie ?ano?naie” – iaa?oioiaaii eiioeaioe?th oaeoe/iiai
oi?aae?iiy aaieii, aecia/aii iaoai?ci oi?aaeyth/eo aieea?a o nenoai?
oaeoe/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo; c oai?aoe/ieo iiceoe?e ?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino?
oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie ?ano?naie, ?ic?iaeaii oa cai?iiiiiaaii
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei oi?aae?iiy caeo/aiiyi aaie?anueeeo
?ano?n?a.

Oeaio?aeueia i?noea a oi?aae?ii? aaieii caeia? oaeoe/iee iaiaaeaeiaio,
iai?aaeaiee ia caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe?? no?aoaa?/ieo oe?eae. Iniiaia
iaoa oaeoe/iiai oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie iia?aoe?yie – ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
oaeeo caoiae?a, ye? a i?i?i?coaaee aieea iaaaoeaieo ciai?oi?o /eiiee?a
oa iaeneiaeueii aeei?enoiaoaaee ciai?oi? iiaeeeaino? oeyoii iia?e?caoe??
aioo??oi?o ?ano?n?a aaieo a eiaei?e eiie?aoi?e neooaoe??.

Aeinyaiaiith iinoaaeaieo oe?eae ni?ey? ae??oaiiy oaeeo ie?aieo caaea/
oaeoe/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo: i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ie?aii ocyoi?
iia?aoe??; caaacia/aiiy ?? iaae?eiino?; iioei?caoe?y no?oeoo?e oa ianyao
cae?enithaaieo iia?aoe?e; aiae?c aeeiai?ee ?ooo ?ano?n?a; i?iaiicoaaiiy
ei?ioeino?ieiaeo oa aeiaaino?ieiaeo iiaeeo?eaoe?e ?eieiai? neooaoe??;
aeio?eiaiiy oiia caaeainiaaiino? ?ano?n?a; oi?aae?iiy e?ea?aei?noth oa
?eceeaie.

?ic?iaea eiioeaioe?? oi?aae?iiy, iai?aaeaii? ia ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo
caaea/, cae?enith?oueny ia iniia? aiae?co nooo?aino? ??ciiiai?oieo
aai-e?anueeeo iia?aoe?e, aecia/aiiy ?oiuei? ?aioaaaeueiino? oa
iaae?eiino?, iae?eo aca?iiiai aieeao ia noai aaeaino aaieo, iaae?eiino?
e e?ea?aeiino? eiai ?ano?n?a, aea/aiiy oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ?eieo ?
iiaeeo?eaoe?e iie?oe/ii? neooaoe??.

Ia iaio aaaeeeaei aoaiii oaeoe/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ? aea?? e?eoa???a
ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ye ie?aieo i?ae?icae?e?a, oae ?
anueiai aaieo a oe?eiio. A?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy
ocaaaeueiaieo e?eoa???a, ia aeoieo aaoi?a aeioe?eueii caaeaoe
aaia?aeueiee e?eoa??e yeino? wmetafile8? ??¬????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`??”?? ???&?
?MathType??wmetafile8? ?????????????
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A`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy ??k?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?y?????? aea wmetafile8? ??¬????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???4?? ???&? ?MathType??`????u
th?????? wmetafile8? ??¬????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??4?? ???&? ?MathType??`????u
th??????Cae/aeii a?eueo?noue ioe?ithaaieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie ?
ca’ycaieie, oiaoi ca?eueoaiiy iaeiiai ia?aiao?a i?eaiaeeoue aei
a?aeiia?aeiiai, iaiaia’yceiai i?iii?oe?eiiai, a /anoi ? ia oe?eeii
aeaoa?i?iiaaiiai ca?eueoaiiy aai ciaioaiiy ?ioiai. Ca aeiyoeii ??aeeeo
aeiaaee?a aacoiiaii? ia?aaaae (aeaea/a aeia?a caaacia/aiiai e?aaeeoo
i?ae aenieee a?aenioie) ia i?aeoeoe? /ano?oa aeiaaa?oueny aeeiiaiiy
noia?a/eeaeo aeiia: ca?eueoaiiy ianyao iai?ioo i?e ciaioaii? a?aeiinii?
ii?ie i?eaooeo. Ciaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? caeaaeiino? i?ae oaeeie
ia?aiao?aie aeicaiey? ciaoiaeeoe ?oi? iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy, ui
caaacia/othoue iaeneioi aaia?aeueiiai e?eoa??th yeino?.

Aaaeeeaith caaea/ath oaeoe/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ? iaiao?aei?noue
no?oeoo?ecaoe?? aca?iica’yce?a i?ae ??cieie aeaiaioaie nenoaie /a?ac ?o
e?euee?ni? aea?aaeaioe oa iaea?aeaiiy oaeei oeyoii iaa?oiooaaiue eiai
iioei?coth/i? iiaeae?.

I?ae nenoaiith oaeoe/iiai aaie?anueeiai oi?aae?iiy ?icoi??oueny
aee-iai?/iee oe?eani?yiiaaiee aieea aia?aoo oi?aae?iiy,
?ioi?iaoe?eii-oaoi?/ieo cania?a ia o?iainia? ?ano?ne a eiie?aoieo
aeiiii?ei-iie?oe/ieo oiiaao i?e caaeaieo caeiiiaeaa/eo, ii?iaoeaieo
iaiaaeaiiyo oa ia?ai?e iie?oeoe? aaieo.

C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oaeoe/iiai oi?aae?iiy aeoeaieie
iia?aoe?yie aaie?a c e?aaeeooaaiiy a ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii i?aeo?ae aei
iioei?caoe?? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue noiniaii aeioe?eueiino? e?aaeeoieo
aeeaaeaiue. I?aeo?ae aei iioei?caoe?? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue c e?aaeeooaaiiy
iiaea a?oiooaaoeny ia iaoiaeao noaoenoe/ii? oai??? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue.

Ooieoe?y i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaia o aeaeyae?:

wmetafile8? ??a????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? AA
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy? ??s?? ???&?
?MathType??p????usy????Ia iniia? aiae?co an?o iayaieo o
?icii?yaeaeaii? aaieo a?aeiiinoae ne?ae ae?iaeoe ??oaiiy wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? a ???&??yyyy?????AyyyOyyy`????? ???&? ?MathType??
????u th??????wmetafile8? ??O????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?
???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyya??A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??E????????????
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a????&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy@??‹?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??E????????????
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a????&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy@??‹?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??E????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy ????? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????Iieacieeii aoaeoeaiino? ??oaiiy i?i
e?aaeeooaaiiy iiaeia i?eeiyoe ?iia??iino? noi?uaiiy iiae?e wmetafile8?
??ue???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  ????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@??H?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u th??????wmetafile8? ??C???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy ??«?? ???&? ?MathType??`?
???u?????????»????-?????o?’????’???u th???????iia??iino?
oiiae iayaiino? yeinoae ieaoini?iiiaeiino? wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???H?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u th??????Oae, o aeiaaeeo ieaoini?iiiaeiino?
iice/aeueieea oaiaeyoueny oiiai? ?iia??iino? i?aaeeueiiai e?aaeeooaaiiy

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
? ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy`??«?? ???&? ?MathType??`?
???u?????????»????-?????o?°????°???u th???????
iaiaa?oioiaaii? a?aeiiae

wmetafile8? ??1???????????
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?a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy ??¬?? ???&? ?MathType??`?
???u?????????»????-?????o????????u th??????O aeiaaeeo
iaieaoini?iiiaeiino? iice/aeueieea oaiaeeoueny oiiaia ?iia??i?noue
iai?aaeeueiiai e?aaeeooaaiiy

wmetafile8? ?????????????
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?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy???«?? ???&? ?MathType??`?
???u?????????»????-?????o?t????t???u th??????? oiiaia
?iia??i?noue i?aaeeueii? a?aeiiae a e?aaeeooaaii?

wmetafile8? ??1???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy???¬?? ???&? ?MathType??`?
???u?????????»????-?????o?O????O???u th??????A?eueo
caaaeueiei iieacieeii ? na?aaei?e ?ecee iiieeie e?aaeeooaaiiy –
ona?aaeiaia “ieaoa” ca iiieeee e?aaeeooaaiiy, iaoaiaoe/ia i/?eoaaiiy
yei? aecia/a?oueny c ni?aa?aeiioaiiy:

wmetafile8? ??d???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?A
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy? ??:?? ???&? ?MathType??0???u?y??????
aea wmetafile8? ??????????????
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?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???4?? ???&? ?MathType??`????u
th??????Caaea/ath iioei?caoe?? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?i aeioe?euei?noue
e?aaeeooaaiiy ? cieaeaiiy oiiaieo ?iia??iinoae iiieeeiaeo ??oaiue
wmetafile8? ??™????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy????? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u
th??????Caiia?aoe iiae?aiei e?aeiinoyi iiaeiai aeiiiiiaoe e?eoa??e
i?i?ioio na?aaeiueiai ?eceeo – wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a????&??yyyy?????AyyyOyyyA????? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u
th??????wmetafile8? ??a????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A?
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy@ ??w?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u
th??????aea wmetafile8? ??¬????????????
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?a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??4?? ???&? ?MathType??`????u
th??????I?ney cai?i wmetafile8? ??J???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
aA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy?????? ???&? ?MathType??`????u
th??????wmetafile8? ??Ue????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ??
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@ ??4?? ???&? ?MathType??`????u
th??????Iaiaaeaiiy oiiaii? ?iia??iino? iiieeeiai? o?eaiae wmetafile8?
??E???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ? ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyya??7?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u th??????Iia?e?caoe?y eioo?a, ye? caaacia/othoue a
ia?oo /a?ao e?aaeeoio ae?yeuei?noue aaieo, iia’ycaia c iaiao?aei?noth
ae??oaiiy neeaaeii? caaea/?: ciaeoe aeaea?aea ?ano?n?a c i?i?iaeueiith
aa?o?noth ? caaacia/eoe ea?iaaio no?ee?noue aaie?anueeiai aaeaino. Oaeei
/eiii, aeey aeinyaiaiiy aaaeaiiai ??aiy i?eaooeo oa iaae?eiino? aaieo a
no/anieo oiiaao iaiao?aei? aoaeoeai? iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy caeo/aiiyi
aaie?anueeeo ?ano?n?a ia i?aeo?eieo e?aaeeoii-?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?. Oaea oi?aae?iiy iiaeiii caaeiaieueiyoe aieiaiiio
e?eoa??th: eioo?a o aoaeue-yeee iiiaio /ano iiaeiii aooe ia i?inoi a
aeinoaoi?e e?eueeino?, a ??aii no?eueee, ne?eueee iio??aii.

Iioei?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy ianeaieie iia?aoe?yie aaie?a ii caeo/aiith
?ano?n?a ni?ey? ?ic?iaeaiee o ?iaio? iaoiae eiiia?aoeaieo n?/aiue.

A eiaeiee iiiaio /ano noai ?ano?niiai ii?ooaey ? ?acoeueoao?a
eiai aeei?enoaiiy iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaiee n?/aiiyie ca aeayeei
iaai?ii oaeoi??a. A yeino? oeeo oaeoi??a iiaeooue aenooiaoe i?eeiyo? a
aaieo eeaneo?eaoi?e eioo?a (ca /anii, aa?o?noth, aeaea?aeaie, oi?iaie
caeo/aiiy, ianyaaie caeo/aiiy oiui), a oaeiae iniiai? aeaoa?i?iaioe
naaiaioa ?eieo, yeee ianeoaiao?oueny (oa?aeoa?enoeee noaio ae?yeueiino?
ee??io?a ? eiieo?aio?a, ?acoeueoaoe o?iainiai-aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co,
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? aeaoa?i?iaioe aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino?). N?/aiiy ca
??cieie ia?aiao?aie, a naia: ii??aiyiiy ?o ci?i c a?iioaoe/ieie
aoaeiiieie oyaeaiiyie, aiaeia?/iith ye i?i?ioi ia ye?niiio ??ai?
?ioi?iaoe??th i?i iiia?aaeith ae?yeuei?noue aaieo, eiia?iaoe??th
aeina?aeo aeinyaiaiiy caieaiiaaieo iieaciee?a aai a caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo
c aoaeue yeei caaeaiei i?ioioeiii – noai?th? aaco aeey i?eeiyooy
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue.

Aeey a?eueo oi?iaeueiiai oyaeaiiy iaoiaeo eiiia?aoeaieo n?/aiue oaaaeaii
?yae aecia/aiue. Aaee/eie, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e aiae?c? noaio
?ano?niiai ii?ooaey aaieo, iacaai? ia?aiao?aie. An? ia?aiao?e
?icaeyaeathoueny a ii?iiaaiiio aeaeyae?. Ii?ioaaiiy cae?enith?oueny aai
ca eiaeiei ia?aiao?ii ie?aii, aai ca a?oiith oaeoi??a, iiae?aieo ca
nai?th i?e?iaeith oa iaeeieoeyie aei??o. Oea ii?ioaaiiy ?iaeoue
iiaeeeaei i?iaaaeaiiy eiiia?aoeaiiai aiae?co i?eioeeiiai ??cieo
ia?aiao??a, iai?eeeaae, ci?ie ianyao caeo/aieo eioo?a ? ?o aa?oino?.

N?/aiiyi ?aaeueiiai /e i?iaiiciaaiiai noaio iacaaii aoaeue yeee iaa??

iaaaaeaii i?eeeaae iaeiioeiieo n?/aiue caeo/aieo ?ano?n?a o i’youe
o?eniaaieo iiiaio?a /ano. Oe? n?/aiiy aeicaieythoue aiae?coaaoe
aeeaa?neo?eaoe?th aeaea?ae, no?oeoo?o caeo/aieo eioo?a ca ianyaaie,
aeeiai?eo ?o ie?aieo aeae?a, ioe?ithaaoe aeinoaoi?noue eai?oaeo.

Caaeainiaaiei iie?eooyi n?/aiiy iacaaii eiai ni?aiaae?iiy ?c
ii??a-ithaaiei aoaeiiii /e i?ioioeiii. Caaeainiaai?noue iie?eoue
aieiaiei /eiii caeaaeeoue a?ae ??aiy ???a?o??. Iai?eeeaae, i?e
caaaeueiiio ia?eoao? aeoeaii-ianeaieo iia?aoe?e i?e a?eueo iiaeeaeaiiio
aiae?c? iiaea aeyaeoeny aeeni?iii?oe?y (iani?aiaae?iiy oa?i?i?a
iiaa?iaiiy e?aaeeo?a ? iiaaoaiiy aeanieo iicee, aaaii? ??ciiiai?ooy a
?eceeao eieeaaiue a?aenioeiaeo noaaie ii caeo/aieo oa ?iciiae?eaieo
?ano?nao). Oaeei /eiii, o?eueee aaaaoiaa??aioiee aiae?c n?/aiue
aeicaiey? aeinyaoe aaaeaieo iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino?. Ia ?en. 2 iaaaaeaii
i?eeeaae ???a?o?/iiai aiae?co caaeainiaaiino? iie?eooy caeo/aieo
?ano?n?a.

Aa?enoe/iee i?aeo?ae aei iiaoaeiae caaeainiaaieo iie?eoue eiiia?aoeaieo
n?/aiue iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaiee oaeei /eiii:

aeey ??cieo ??ai?a ???a?o?? i?e ia?ai?e ia?aiao?ecaoe?? i?ioeano
iiaoaeoaaoe aeinooii? a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio ieai? ia?aiao?e/i? i?io?e?;

neioacoaaoe aoaeoeai? n?/aiiy aeey a?oi ? eiia?iaoe?e i?io?e?a;

ciaeoe aai iiaoaeoaaoe a?aeiia?aeia aoaeiiia n?/aiiy, i?iaiae?coaaoe
caaeainiaai?noue iie?eooy, ae?iaeoe caoiaee uiaei eiai iaenei?caoe?? oa
ioe?ieoe iiaeeea?noue eiai i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe??.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? – “Oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei oi?aae?iiy
aaethoieie ?ano?naie” – iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue aeae?eaiiy
oi?aae?iiy aaethoieie iia?aoe?yie a ie?aiee aeaiaio aaie?anueeiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo; aeine?aeaeaii iniiai? aeaoa?i?iaioe aaethoieo a?aeiinei;
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo oi?aae?iiy aaethoieie ?ano?naie, ni?yiiaaio ia
aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaii? no?aoaa?? iiaaae?iee aaieo ia aaethoii-o?iainiaiio
?eieo.

I?aeoe/iee aeina?ae ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?a?inueeiai aaie?anueeiai
naeoi?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oaco i?i oa, ui ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo
iaoe?iiaeueii? o?iainiai? nenoaie a oiiaao iaaeinoaoiuei? ?ioaa?aoe??
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie o na?oiaee ainiiaea?nueeee i?ino??, iaa?aeiia?aeiino?
aioo??oi?o oiia aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? i?aeia?iaeiei i?eioeeiai ?
ii?iai aaethoiee iaiaaeaeiaio i?iaeiaaeo? a?ae?a?aaaoe aaaeeeao ?ieue a
i?aai?caoe?? aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeith ae?yeuei?noth,
caeeoath/enue ia?oi?yaeiei aeaiaioii aaie?anueeiai iaiaaeaeiaioo. A
ca’yceo c oeei o ?iaio? ie?aii ?icaeyiooi i?aeoiaee aei oi?aae?iiy
aaethoieie iia?aoe?yie /a?ac aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae no/anieo
aaethoieo a?aeiinei, nooiino? aaethoieo nenoai ? eo?n?a, i?iaiae?ciaaii
iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy aaethoieie ?ano?naie.

C iaoith oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy aaethoieie ?ano?naie o
aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo i?eeiyooy ??oaiue a oiiaao
iaaecia/aiinoae noaio aaethoii-o?iainiaiai ?eieo. Aeinoaoiuei
aaeaeaaoiei ?aaeuei?e i?aeoeoe? i?aeoiaeii aei oi?aae?iiy aaethoieie
iia?aoe?yie a oiiaao iaaecia/aiino? ? aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a, caniiaaieo
ia noaoenoe/ieo ??oaiiyo.

I?eionoeii, ui eiia?oe?eiee aaie ia? wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
``???&??yyyy?????AyyyT??? ????? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u
th??????Ine?eueee aeaio neooaoe?th aeineoue aaaeei ?ioa?i?aooaaoe
iaeiicia/ii, a ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iiaeeo?eaoe?th
iaoiaeo eiiia?aoeaieo n?/aiue. A aeaiiio i?eeeaae? c aeai?ii
iioeiaeueii? no?aoaa?? oi?aae?iiy aaethoieie iia?aoe?yie eiaeia n?/aiiy
a o?e /e ?io?e i??? oa?aeoa?eco? eiie?aoio neooaoe?th, a a?aeiia?aeia
iao?eoey aenooia? iniiaith aeey aecia/aiiy no?aoaa??. Aea ?ioi?iaoe?y a
ia? aoi?eiia, ia/?oea ? iaiiaii a?aeia?aaea? ia?aaaae oa iaaeie?ee
eiaeiiai ??oaiiy . O ca’yceo c oeei a yeino? iieacieea: yeee ia i?inoi
aecia/aa ae aea?ao i?e aeai?e no?aoaa?? a eiaei?e neooaoe??, aea e
a?aeia?aaeaa “aaeae?noue” /e “iaaaeae?noue” ia?aii? no?aoaa??, aaaaeaia
i??a i/?eoaaii? ei?eniino? – ?ecee-aoaeoeai?noue. ?ecee-aoaeoeai?noue
wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 ????&??yyyy?????Ayyy®yyy@??N?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th??????Oiiae aeey i?eeiyooy iaee?aueo ??oaiue,
oaeei /eiii, ia caaaeaee ni?eyoeea?, oiio noaaeoueny caaea/a
ciaoiaeaeaiiy ? i?eeiyooy ia naieo a??oeo ??oaiue. C oe??th iaoith a
?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii ?yae e?eoa???a aeai?o aoaeoeaieo no?aoaa?e
oi?aae?iiy aaethoieie ?ano?naie. Aeei?enoaiiy oaeeo e?eoa???a aeicaiey?
cae?enithaaoe iine?aeiaiee aiae?c iaeaoo caieaiiaaieo iia?aoe?e c ??cieo
oi/ie ci?o. sseui a iaaaaeai?e iaoiaeeoe? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ui aeo?eathoue
c ??cieo e?eoa???a, ni?aiaaeathoue, i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy ianeeaaeia. A
?ioiio aeiaaeeo, eiee aeniiaee noia?a/aoue iaeei iaeiiio, iio??aia
aeiaeaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy iioi/ieo, i?iaiiciaaieo n?/aiue, noai?a,
no?oeoo?e ? ianya?a oi?aaeyth/eo ae?yiue uiaei iaiaaeaeiaioo aaethoieo
iia?aoe?e.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? – “Iaoeiai-iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe oaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy e?aaeeoieie iia?aoe?yie” – i?iaiae?ciaaii
oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe ?icaeoeo e?aaeeoieo a?aeiinei; aeine?aeaeaii no/aniee
noai e?aaeeoii? nenoaie Oe?a?ie; ?ic?iaeaii oa cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci
caaeainiaaiiai aeeiai?/iiai oi?aae?iiy e?aaeeoieie iia?aoe?yie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo aniaeo?a ?icaeoeo e?aaeeoieo
a?aeiinei a eiia?oe?eieo aaieao caaacia/eei i?iaaaeaiiy aeaoaeueii?
naaiaioaoe?? iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a e?aaeeoiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo. Ia aac?
oe??? naaiaioaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeieia?th ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
aeeiai?/iiai oi?aae?iiy e?aaeeoieie ?ano?naie aaieo. I?e oeueiio
iniiaiei i?aaeeii i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeiai ??oaiiy aenooia? oaea: yeei
ae ia aoa iioi/iee noai e?aaeeoiiai ii?ooaey, oi?aae?iiy ia aeaiiio
e?ioe? o?aaa iae?aoe oae, uia cia/aiiy e?eoa??th aoaeoeaiino? i?e
oeueiio ??oaii? ?acii c iioeiaeueiei cia/aiiyi ia an?o ianooiieo e?ieao
aoei iaeneiaeueiei. A i?ioeeaaeiiio aeiaaeeo a?eueoee aea?ao a aeayeee
iiiaio /ano iiaea iicaaaeoe aaie iiaeeeaino? iie?aueoe nai? iieiaeaiiy
aaea a aeecueeiio iaeaooiueiio (iai?eeeaae, aeaea/a iaaaeeeiai e?aaeeoo
nueiaiaei? i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaiiaeeeaino? aeaeaoe aea?aeiee e?oiiee
e?aaeeo caao?a).

A caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? i?aeoe/ia noaia ?aoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy
e?aaeeoieie aeeaaeaiiyie i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en. 3.

O oinoiio ?icae?e? – “Iaoiaeieia?y ?iaanoeoe?eii? aaie?anueei?
ae?yeueiino?” – aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie
?iaanoeoe?yie; ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aiae?co oa ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
?iaanoeoe?eieo aeeaaeaiue; cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei
i?eeiyooy ?iaanoeoe?eieo ??oaiue.

Aiae?c noaio ?iaanoeoe?eii? aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino? na?ae/eoue, ui
eeane/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeeaaeaiue ia
caaaeaee aoaeoeai? aeey a?o/eciyieo oiia i?aei?e?iieoeoaa c i?eaiaeo
neaaei? ?icaeiaiino? a Oe?a?i? ia?aeiiiai ?eieo oe?iieo iaia??a,
i?aeoe/ii? a?aenooiino? aoi?eiiiai oiiaeiaiai ?eieo, ia?icaeiaiino?
nenoaie ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy, a?aenooiino? noaa?eueii?
caeiiiaeaa/i? aace.

O ca’yceo c oeei a ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii e iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a ia iniia? caeaaeiino? aeioiaeo ? ?eceeo, yea
aaco?oueny ia noai? caeiiiaeaa/i? oa ii?iaoeaii? aace. Iniaeea?noth
aeaiiai i?aeoiaeo ? oa, ui i?e eiai aeei?enoaii? cae?enith?oueny
aecia/aiiy ia oi/eiaeo, a ?ioa?aaeueieo ioe?iie, ye? aeicaieythoue
a?eueo aio/ei i?aeoiaeeoe aei i?eeiyooy ?iaanoeoe?eieo ??oaiue.

A yeino? iaoiaeo ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeeaaeaiue
cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy iiaeae? caeaaeiino? ?eceeo wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? a ???&??yyyy?????AyyyOyyy`????? ???&? ?MathType??
????u th??????wmetafile8? ??a????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???H?? ???&? ?MathType??`????u
th?????? aea wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`???? ???&? ?MathType??@????u
th??????wmetafile8? ??‰????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
  ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy4???`??O?? ???&? ?MathType??0????u
th??????wmetafile8? ??‰????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??4?? ???&? ?MathType??`????u
th??????wmetafile8? ??‰????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 `???&??yyyy?????Ayyy4??? ??O?? ???&? ?MathType??0????u
th??????C iaoith aeyaeaiiy ia e?ea?e aeioiaeiino? iioeiaeueieo oi/ie,
iaiao?aeieo aeey iiaeaeueoiai aiae?co, aaaaeaia iiiyooy ?iaanoeoe?eiiai
eiiona (?en. 4). Aoaeue-yea oi/ea ia e?ea?e oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeayeei
i?iiaiai, yeee iaeiicia/ii aecia/a?oueny eooii iaoeeo aei aoaeue-yei? c
inae.

Iai?eeeaae, oi/ea wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a ???&??yyyy?????AyyyOyyy`????? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u
th??????

eooiaiai eiao?oe??ioa i?yieo wmetafile8? ??‹????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a????&??yyyy?????AyyyOyyyA????? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u
th??????Oaea i?ioeaaeo?a iiaea aooe ?ic?aoiaaia ia ne?eueee caaaiaeii
aaeeeo e?euee?noue aoai?a (aai e?euee?noue aoai?a iiaea aooe iaiaaeaia a
caeaaeiino? a?ae eiie?aoii? caaea/?, aai iaiao?aeii ciaeoe ?iciiae?e
aeioiaeo ca t ia??iae?a, aai iio??aii aecia/eoe i?i?iaeueio e?euee?noue
aoai?a, ye? aeicaieythoue iie?eoe ?iaanoeoe?ei? aeo?aoe e io?eiaoe
caieaiiaaiee i?eaooie). I?eeeaae iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano aeeiai?/iiai
?iaanooaaiiy iaaaaeaii ia ?en. 5.

Ii?yae c ?icaeyiooei iaoiaeii ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?e ca
aeiiiiiaith ?iaanoeoe?eiiai eiiona a ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii i?aeo?ae, ui
aeicaiey? o aeaeyae? iiaeae? i?aaenoaaeyoe caeaaei?noue i/?eoaaiiai
aeioiaeo ? i??e a??ia?aeiino? cae?eniaiiy iiae?? “?ecee”. Aeai?eoi
aeaiiai i?aeoiaeo iacaaii cai?ioiei. I?e oeueiio o nenoai? eii?aeeiao ia
in? aanoeen a?aeeeaaeaii i/?eoaaia cia/aiiy aeioiaeo, a ia in? i?aeeiao
– cia/aiiy aaee/eie, yeo iacaaii ?ecee-iiae?y i?iaaaeaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?iaeoo. Oey aaee/eia oaeoe/ii yaey? niaith i??o
ianoaiiy a?aeiia?aeii? ?e iiae??. Ocaaaeueiaia aeeiai?ea aiae?co ci?i
i/?eoaaiiai aeioiaeo ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?iaeoo i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en. 6.

Ia ia?oiio e?ioe? aecia/a?oueny ?ioa?aae wmetafile8?
??3/4???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA??4?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u th??????

i?yieo wmetafile8? ??3/4????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??4?? ???&? ?MathType??`????u
th??????wmetafile8? ??¤???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA??E?? ???&? ?MathType??
???u?????????»????-??????1/4????… ???u th??????Iniiaia
iaoa cai?ioiiai aeai?eoio – ooi/iaiiy i/?eoaaiiai aeioiaeo (aea?? ia
iniia? a??ia?aeiino? caa?oaiiy ?ecee-iiae??).

Cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae aeicaiey? a?eueo aio/ei cae?enithaaoe aiae?c
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a, ine?eueee iae?athoueny ia a?aie/i? oi/ee ?c
i?eionoeiiai ?ioa?aaeo, a aeayea iioeiaeueia cia/aiiy, yea a?aeiia?aea?
eiie?aoi?e iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? oa aeo?aeiei aeaiei.

O nueiiiio ?icae?e? – “Iaoiaee/i? iniiae i?eeiyooy ??oaiue o noa??
oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie ?ano?naie” – cae?eniaii iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano
oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie ?ano?naie; ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie ?ano?naie a oiiaao
iaaecia/aiino?.

Ia?aaaae cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiae?a ? i?aeoiae?a aei oi?iae?caoe?? caaea/
oi-?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie ?ano?naie oei iai/i?oa, /ei neeaaei?oa iien
nenoaie “aaie”, a naia: i?e oe?ie?e aeeaa?neo?eaoe?? aaie?anueeeo
iia?aoe?e, ca?eueoaii? e?eueeino? ee??io?a oiui.

?acii c oei, ine?eueee i?aeoe/ii an? aeaee aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino? a
o?e /e ?io?e i??? iia’ycai? c iaaecia/ai?noth ?ioi?iaoe?? (??
a?aenooi?noth, iaiiaiioith, iaa??ia?aei?noth, iaoi/i?noth,
iaaaeaeaaoi?noth), c o?aooaaiiyi o?aaeeoe?eieo iiiyoue aaie?anueeeo
?ano?n?a ? iia?aoe?e c ieie, a oaeiae iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo oai???
ia/?oeeo iiiaeei, a ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii ?yae iiaeaeae, iaoiae?a ?
aeai?eoi?a, i?eeiyoeo aeey ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? iaiaaeaeiaioo aaie?anueeeo
iia?aoe?e.

Oaaaeaii oa aeine?aeaeaii iiiyooy ia/?oeeo ?ano?n?a, e?eoa???a ?
iia?aoe?e, ye? iathoue /?oeo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th a oa?i?iao i?eeiyooy
??oaiue uiaei oi?aaeyth/eo ae?e. Oeyoii aeine?aeaeaiiy iioei?caoe?eieo
aeanoeainoae iiaeaeae ? iiaeeeainoae aeno?ai?caoe?? ia/?oeeo e?eoa???a
oi?iaeueii aecia/ai? oiiae neioaco ?aoe?iiaeueieo oi?aaeyth/eo ae?e.

Ia iniia? aaeaioaoe?? oai?aoeei-?a?iaiai i?aeoiaeo aei ia/?oeiai
oi?aae?iiy ?ano?naie, a naia: i?eioeei?a iaeneiaeueiiai aa?aioiaaiiai
aea?aoo wmetafile8? ??T?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyya???A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????&??yyyy???????????yyyoa ?ai? c i?ioeeaaeieie
?ioa?anaie – io?eiai? aeai?eoie, ye? ia?aaeuothoue ca aoaeoeai?noth a
oiiaao iaaecia/aiino? o?aaeeoe?ei? i?aeoiaee. Aeine?aeaeai? iiaeae?
aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe iaoeiai-iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aei aeeiai?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie ?ano?naie ye ?icaeoie iaoiaeo ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai
no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy.

AENIIAEE

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie iia?aoe?yie a oiiaao
iaaecia/aiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?e?i- oa iae?ina?aaeiaeua, aiae?c
ae?th/eo iaoiae?a aaie?anueeiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, aea/aiiy oaeoe/ieo
iaoa??ae?a ? ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeicaieeee c?iaeoe
oae? aeniiaee.

A inoaii?e /an iathoue i?noea oaiaeaioe?? aei cia/iiai i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
eiieo?aioe?? ia o?iainiaiio ?eieo, ?icoe?aiiy iaae aeeaa?neo?eaoe??
aaie?anueeeo iineoa, aeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo aaie?anueeeo oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e. ?acii c oei ?nioth/? oi?ie, iaoiaee ? i?eioeeie oi?aae?iiy
aaie?anueeeie iia?aoe?yie, ni?yiiaai? ia ae??oaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo caaea/
iaiaaeaeiaioo, ia caaaeaee a?aeiia?aeathoue iio?aaai no/aniiai noaio
o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? nenoaie.

Ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai aoea iinoaaeaia iaoa ? noi?ioeueiaai? caaea/?
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoaoii ?aae?caoe?? yeeo noaei
ianooiia:

ia iniia? ?nioth/eo oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ? iaoiaeieia?/ieo aniaeo?a a
iaeano? oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeith ae?yeuei?noth aecia/aii iiiyooy aaieo
ye a?aee?eoi? neeaaeii? aeeiai?/ii? nenoaie;

cai?iiiiiaaii ?ioaa?i-aeeoa?aioe?eiee i?aeo?ae aei oi?aae?iiy
aaie?a-nueeeie ?ano?naie, ui aeicaiey?, c iaeiiai aieo , ocaaaeueithaaoe
iaoiaee aaie?anueeiai oi?aae?iiy, a c ?ioiai, – aeoeaiooaaoe oaaao ia
niaoeeo?oe? oi?aae?inueeeo caaea/;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy a oe?eyo
neioaco aoaeoeaieo no?aoaa?e ?icaeoeo aaieo;

aeey oe?eae iioei?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy caeo/aiiyi aaie?anueeeo ?ano?n?a
cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae eiiia?aoeaieo n?/aiue;

?ic?iaeaii oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei caaeainiaaiiai
oi?aa-e?iiy e?aaeeoieie aeeaaeaiiyie, cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae iioei?caoe??
e?eueeino? iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo e?aaeeo?a;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy aaethoieie
?ano?naie a oiiaao iaaecia/aiinoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaethoii-o?iainiaiai
?eieo;

cai?iiiiiaaii iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? oa aeai?o iaea?eueo i?eeiyoieo iai?yie?a aaie?anueeiai
?iaanooaaiiy.

Io?eiai? a ?iaio? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?:

iaiaaeaeiaioii eiia?oe?eieo aaie?a i?e aecia/aii? no?aoaa?/ieo iai?yie?a
?icaeoeo aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino?;

aaie?anueeeie onoaiiaaie i?e ae??oaii? i?iaeai iioei?caoe?? ae?yeueiino?
ii caeo/aiith a?ioiaeo ?ano?n?a;

aaie?anueeeie onoaiiaaie i?e ?ic?iaoe? eiioeaioe?? ?aoe?iiae?caoe??
oi?aa-e?iiy aeoeaieie iia?aoe?yie;

onoaiiaaie Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aaieo Oe?a?ie i?e oaeineiiaeaii? iaoiae?a
aiae?co aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe

1. Aanth?aiei I.A. Aaieianeay nenoaia a oneiaeyo o?ainoi?iaoeee
oeiainiaiai ?uiea. – Oa?ueeia: Oa?Iin, 1995. – 40 n.

2. Aanth?aiei I.A. Oeaio?aeueiue aaie a nenoaia e?aaeeoii-oeiainiauo
ioiioaiee. – Oa?ueeia: Oa?Iin, 1996. – 80 n.

3. Aanth?aiei I.A. Iaoaieci inouanoaeaiey aaieianeeo iia?aoeee n
eiino?aiiie aaethoie. – Oa?ueeia: EEO A?eo, 1997. – 176 n.

4. Aanth?aiei I.A. Nia?aiaiiua iaoiaeu oi?aaeaiey aaieianeeie ?ano?naie.
– Oa?ueeia: EEO A?eo, 1997. – 392 n.

5. Aanth?aiei I.A. Iaiaaeaeiaio e?aaeeoieo iia?aoe?e o eiia?oe?eieo
aaieao. – Oa?e?a: ?AI “I?ea?iae”, 1998. – 72 n.

6. Aanth?aiei I.A. Aaethoiia ?aaoee?iaaiea a Oe?aeia. Oaneo eaeoeee. –
Oa?ueeia: OAYO, 1996. – 20 n.

7. Aanth?aiei I.A. Iae?e iia?aoe?e c ?iicaiiith aaethoith a eiia?oe?eieo
aaieao // Aooaaeoa?nueeee iae?e ? aoaeeo. – 1996. – ?12. – N. 38-42.

8. Aanth?aiei I.A. Iaeioi?ua aii?inu ?acaeoey aaieia eae oieaa?naeueiuo
einoeoooia // A?niee. – 1997. – ?2. – N. 25-27.

9. Aanth?aiei I.A. I?iaeaiu noaiiaeaiey iaoaiecia ainoaea?noaaiiiai
?aaoee?iaaiey iia?aoeee n aaethoiuie oeaiiinoyie // A?niee. – 1997. –
?1. – N. 60-62.

10. Aanth?aiei I.A. ?aaoee?iaaiea ?uiea aaethoiuo ioiioaiee // Aecian
Eioi?i. – 1997. – ?4. – N. 65-69.

11. Aanth?aiei I.A.,No?aoaae/aneia ieaie?iaaiea eae aaaeiaeoee yeaiaio
aaieianeiai iaiaaeaeiaioa // A?niee Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei?
ni?aae. – 1997. – ?3. – N. 52-54.

12. Aanth?aiei I.A. Iaaeaeoia?iaeiua noaiaea?ou o/aoa aaieianeie
aeayoaeueiinoe // A?niee. – 1997. – ?4. – N. 7-11.

13. Aanth?aiei I.A. Iaoiaeieiaey naaeaine?iaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey
e?aaeeoiuie ?ano?naie // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ca iaoa??aeaie
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? eiioa?aioe?? aeeeaaea/?a, ni?a?ia?oiee?a,
ani??aio?a, caeiaoaa/?a oa nooaeaio?a a OAAN, 16-17 ea?oiy 1998?. –
Noie: aeae. “?i?oe?aoeaa”. – 1998. – oii 1. – N. 30-32.

14. Aanth?aiei I.A. Aiaeec oai?aoe/aneeo aniaeoia ?acaeoey e?aaeeoiuo
ioiioaiee a aaieianeie noa?a // A?niee. – 1998. – ?2(6). – N. 5-9.

15. A?eiueiaa A.I., Aanth?aiei I.A. Aiae?c no/aniiai noaio e?aaeeoii?
nenoaie Oe?a?ie // “NO?Ae”. – ?3. – 1998. – N. 28-33 (iniaenoee aianie
aaoi?a – a ?ic?iaoe? i?iiiceoe?e uiaei noai?aiiy oe?eueiai? i?ia?aie
?icaeoeo e?aaeeoieo a?aeiinei).

16. Aanth?aiei I.A.. Iaoiaee/aneea iniiau i?eiyoey oi?aaeai/aneeo
?aoaiee a noa?a aiaoiayeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe eiiia?/aneeo aaieia
// A?niee Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei? ni?aae. – 1998. – ?5. – N.
3-6.

17. Aanth?aiei I.A., Nethieia O.Ae. ?ieue niaeaenoaey yenii?oo a ia?eiae
no?oeoo?iuo i?aia?aciaaiee yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu // A?niee. – 1997. – ?3. –
N. 21-23 (iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a – a ?ic?iaoe? eeaneo?eaoe??
?ino?oiaio?a noeioethaaiiy aenii?oo).

18. Aanth?aiei I.A. Eiioeaiooaeueiua iniiau oaeoe/aneiai oi?aaeaiey
aaieianeie aeayoaeueiinoueth // A?niee. – 1998. – ?4(8). – N. 5-8.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aanth?aiei I.A. Oi?aae?iiy aaie?anueeeie iia?aoe?yie: iaoiaeieia?y ?
i?aeoeea. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.04.01 – o?iaine, a?ioiaee ia?a oa e?aaeeo. –
Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y aaie?anueei? ni?aae, Noie, 1999.

Aecia/aii no/ani? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo aaie?anueei? ni?aae a Oe?a?i?;
i?aaenoaaeaii eiiieaen iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c ieoaiue i?aai?caoe??
no?aoaa?/iiai ? oaeoe/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo aaie?anueeeo iia?aoe?e;
?ic?iaeaii iaoeiai-iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae uiaei ?aoe?iiae?caoe??
oi?aae?iiy caeo/aiiyi aaie?anueeeo ?ano?n?a ia iniia? iaoiaeo
eiiia?aoeaieo n?/aiue; ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae caaeainiaaiiai aeeiai?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy aeoeaieie iia?aoe?yie aaie?a a noa?? e?aaeeooaaiiy,
cai?iiiiiaaii i?aeo?ae uiaei iioei?caoe?? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ii
cae?eniaiith e?aaeeoi?o iia?aoe?e.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? aaie?anueeeo ?iaanoeoe?e,
caniiaaiee ia iiaoaeia? ?iaanoeoe?eiiai eiiono oa anoaiiaeaii?
caeaaeiino? i?ae i/?eoaaiei aeioiaeii ? i??ith a??ia?aeiino? ianoaiiy
iiae?? “?ecee”; ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo oi?aae?iiy aaethoieie ?ano?naie,
ni?yiiaaio ia ?aoe?iiae?caoe?th aeai?o no?aoaa?? aaieo a oiiaao
iaaecia/aiinoae noaio aaethoiiai ?eieo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaie?anuee? iia?aoe??, a?aee?eoa neeaaeia aeeiai?/ia
nenoaia, caaeainiaaia oi?aae?iiy e?aaeeoieie ?ano?naie,
?ioaa?i-aeeoa?aioe?eiee i?aeo?ae, ?ao?iniaeoeaia ieaioaaiiy, ?eceee,
aaethoiee ?eiie, eiiia?aoeai? n?/aiiy, ?iaanoeoe?eiee eiion.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aanth?aiei I.A. Oi?aaeaiea aaieianeeie iia?aoeeyie: iaoiaeieiaey e
i?aeoeea. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.04.01 – oeiainu, aeaiaaeiia ia?auaiea e e?aaeeo. –
Oe?aeineay aeaaeaiey aaieianeiai aeaea, Noiu, 1999.

Niaea?aeaiea. Enneaaeiaai iaaeaeoia?iaeiue iiuo noaiiaeaiey e
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aaieianeeo nenoai; inouanoaeaii no?oeoo?e?iaaiea
i?ioeanna oi?ie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey iaoeeiiaeueiie aaieianeie nenoaiu ia
iniiaa auaeaeaiey iniiaiuo ooieoeeiiaeueii-a?aiaiiuo yoaiia.

Enneaaeiaaiu iniaaiiinoe oi?aaeaiey a oeiainiai-aaieianeie noa?a;
auaeaeaiu e iainiiaaiu eiiiiiaiou no?aoaae/aneiai aaieianeiai
iaiaaeaeiaioa.

Noi?ioee?iaaia eiioeaioeey oaeoe/aneiai oi?aaeaiey aaieianeeie
iia?aoeeyie; enneaaeiaai iaoaieci oi?aaeythueo aicaeaenoaee a nenoaia
oaeoe/aneiai iaiaaeaeiaioa.

Iainiiaaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue auaeaeaiey iaoaiecia oi?aaeaiey
iia?aoeeyie n eiino?aiiie aaethoie a naiinoiyoaeueiue eiiiiiaio
aaieianeiai iaiaaeaeiaioa; ?anniio?aiu oai?aoe/aneea iiaeoiaeu e
oi?aaeaieth aaethoiuie ?ano?naie.

?anniio?aiu oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiae/aneea aniaeou ?acaeoey e?aaeeoiuo
ioiioaiee a eiiia?/aneeo aaieao. Enneaaeiaaiu iniaaiiinoe oi?aaeaiey
eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoueth eiiia?/aneeo aaieia; i?iaiaeece?iaaiu
eeanne/aneea iiaeoiaeu e ioeaiea eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?iaeoia. Inouanoaeaii
iiaeaee?iaaiea i?ioeanna oi?aaeaiey aaieianeeie ?ano?naie a oneiaeyo
iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe iee?i- e iae?in?aaeu; aaaaeaiu e enneaaeiaaiu iiiyoey
ia/aoeeo ?ano?nia aaiea, e?eoa?eaa e iia?aoeee n ieie.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou. Iainiiaaiu oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiae/aneea iiaeoiaeu e
ii?aaeaeaieth nouiinoe e iniaaiiinoae ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aaiea eae
ioe?uoie neiaeiie aeeiaie/aneie nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey oeiainiauie
?ano?naie.

N oeaeueth iioeiecaoeee aaciaiai iaai?a iniiaiuo eiiiiiaioia aaieianeiai
iaiaaeaeiaioa i?aaeeiaeai eioaa?i-aeeooa?aioeeaeueiue iiaeoiae, a ?aieao
eioi?iai, n iaeiie noi?iiu, iauaaeeiythony (eioaa?e?othony) iaeioi?ua
naienoaa ?ano?nia eee oi?aaeythueo aeaenoaee, a n ae?oaie – o/eouaaaony
(aeeooa?aioee?oaony) niaoeeoeea /anoiuo iiaeoiaeia e oi?aaeaieth
?ano?naie a caaeneiinoe io oeaeae iaiaaeaeiaioa.

I?aaeeiaeai iaoiae ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai no?aoaae/aneiai ieaie?iaaiey
aeayoaeueiinoe aaiea ia oeiainiaii ?uiea ia iniiaa eniieueciaaiey
iaeiiai ec iniiaiuo i?eioeeiia oi?aaeaiey iieeea?a?oe/aneeie nenoaiaie —
yeaeoeiaeueiinoe (aiciiaeiinoe aeinoeaeaiey iinoaaeaiiie oeaee
?acee/iuie iooyie).

?ac?aaioai iaoiae eiiia?aoeaiuo na/aiee, iicaieythuee iioeiece?iaaoue
iiene e i?eiyoea ?aoeeiiaeueiuo ?aoaiee ioiineoaeueii oi?aaeaiey
ianneaiuie iia?aoeeyie aaieia ii i?eaea/aieth ?ano?nia.

?ac?aaioai iaoiae naaeaine?iaaiiiai aeeiaie/aneiai oi?aaeaiey
e?aaeeoiuie ?ano?naie; i?aaeeiaeai iiaeoiae e iioeiecaoeee i?eiyoey
oi?aaeai/aneeo ?aoaiee ioiineoaeueii oeaeaniia?aciinoe i?iaaaeaiey
e?aaeeoiuo iia?aoeee.

?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea oi?aaeaiey aaethoiuie ?ano?naie, iai?aaeaiiay ia
?aoeeiiaeecaoeeth auai?a yooaeoeaiie no?aoaaee aaiea a oneiaeyo
iaii?aaeaeaiiinoae ninoiyiey aaethoiiai ?uiea.

?ac?aaioai iaoiae ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?iaeoia,
aace?othueeny ia iino?iaiee eiaanoeoeeiiiiai eiiona ia iniiaa
caaeneiinoe aeioiaea e ?enea io eciaiaiey caeiiiaeaoaeueii-ii?iaoeaiie
aacu; i?aaeeiaeai iiaeoiae e auai?o iauaeoia eiaanoe?iaaiey,
iiaeaee?othuee caaeneiinoue iaeeaeaaiiai aeioiaea io ia?u aeinoiaa?iinoe
ianooieaiey niauoey – “?ene”, iicaieythuee ooi/ieoue aaee/eio
iaeeaeaaiiai aeioiaea e iioeiece?iaaoue i?eiyoea ?aoaiey a caaeneiinoe
io oeaeae iaiaaeaeiaioa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaieianeea iia?aoeee, ioe?uoay neiaeiay aeeiaie/aneay
nenoaia, naaeaine?iaaiiia oi?aaeaiea e?aaeeoiuie ?ano?naie,
eioaa?i-aeeooa?aioeeaeueiue iiaeoiae, ?ao?iniaeoeaiia ieaie?iaaiea,
?enee, aaethoiue ?uiie, eiiia?aoeaiua na/aiey, eiaanoeoeeiiiue eiion.

SUMMARY

Vasurenko O.V. Management of banking operations: methodology and
practice – Manuscript.

Thesis to stand for scientific degree of Doctor of Economics, speciality
08.04.01 – finance, money circulation and credit. – Ukrainian academy of
banking, Sumy, 1999.

Present problems of development of banking system in Ukraine have been
determined; there are complex of methodical recommendations on the
questions of strategic and tactical banking management organization;
scientific-methodological approach to liabilities management
rationalization, based on method of comparative sections, has been
worked out; method of balanced dynamic credit management and approach to
optimization of coming to decisions on credit operations execution have
been proposed.

Method of appraisal of banking investments effectiveness, based on
investment cone and finding dependence between the expected return and
degree of probability of the event-‘risk’, has been devised; methods of
currency resources management, directed on rationalization of banking
strategy selection in conditions of uncertainties of currency market
state, has been elaborated.

Key words: banking operations, open complex dynamic system, balanced
credit resources management, integrating- differencial approach,
retrospective planning, risks, currency market, comparative sections,
investment cone.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione I?uaiei A.?.

Aeaeaaieoeoai «?i?oeeaoeaa»

Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y aaie?anueei? ni?aae

244030, i. Noie, aoe. Iao?iiaae?anueea, 56.

Caeaii aei ae?oeo Oi?iao 60O84/16. Aa?i?oo?a Antiqua.

Iae. aeae. A?e. . Oi. Ae?oe. A?e. Oe?aae 100 i?.

Aeae?oeoaaia ia iaeaaeiaii? Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei? ni?aae

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