IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE?INOEOOO AEIIII?EE I?IIENEIAINO?

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE: 338.242:65.014

Ieaeeinueeee ss?ineaa ?aaiiae/

OI?AAE?IIss AEOe?IIA?IEI I?IIENEIAEIIA’?AeIAIIssI A NO*ANIEO OIIAAO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.01 — aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ?
i?aai?caoe?yae?iaieoeoaa

Aaoi?aoa?aoaeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Caii??cueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? I?ianoa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Caii??aeaey, eaoaae?a o?iain?a oa e?aaeeoo

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee A?eee ?aaai Eoe’yiiae/, Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao I?ianoa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?iain?a oa
e?aaeeoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?ieiiaiei Ieeiea
Aeieo?iae/, ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino? IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo i?iaeai ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee (i. Aeiiaoeuee);

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio E?aniiaa A?eoi??y Aanee?aia,
Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao I?ianoa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie
caa?aeoaa/ea eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoaa (i. Aeiiaoeuee)

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — Caii??cueea aea?aeaaia ?iaeaia?ia aeaaeai?y
I?ianoa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee ? i?aai?caoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa (i. Caii??aeaey)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 29 /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 11.151.01 a ?inoeooo? aeiiii?ee
i?iieneiaino? IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 340048, Aeiiaoeuee — 48, aoe.
Oi?aa?neoaoeueea, 77.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aeiiii?ee
i?iieneiaino? IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 340048, Aeiiaoeuee — 48, aoe.
Oi?aa?neoaoeueea, 77.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 28 o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Iieeiinueeee O.TH.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. C ?icaeoeii oa iiaeeaeaiiyi
aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaii
i?aoethth/eo ?eieiaeo iaoai?ci?a. Aiae?c ?yaeo iae?iaeiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a na?ae/eoue i?i cia/ia iia??oaiiy aeiiii?/iiai noaio Oe?a?ie.
Iacaaaeath/e ia oiia?eueiaiiy niaaeo caaaeueiiai ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa ?
iacia/io eiai noaa?e?caoe?th o 1998 ?ioe?, no?oeoo?ia ia?aaoaeiaa
aeiiii?ee cae?enith?oueny iia?eueii oa oeeee?/ii. Iaaei??iith noaea
oaeiae ? nioe?aeueia oe?ia aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i.

E?eciaa noaiiaeua iineeth? aeiiii?/i? iaaa?acaee ?icaeoeo i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. Iaieaoini?iiiaei?noue a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa i?ia?aeieo
aaeocae iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa i?eaaea aei caa?ice ?o aaie?oonoaa ?
e?ea?aeaoe??. No/aniee noai i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa iio?aao? iiaeo
o?iainiaeo aeaea?ae aeey naiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oa iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo.
?eieia? ia?aoai?aiiy aeiaaathoue noai?aiiy ia i?aei?e?inoaao oaeiai
iioeaaoe?eiiai iaoai?cio, yeee i?a ae caaacia/eoe a eiai no?oeoo??
aca?iio caoe?eaaeai?noue o i?aeaeuaii? i?eaooeiaino? ? aoaeoeaiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aeey iiaeieaiiy e?eciai? neooaoe?? iaiao?aeiee aeoeaiee iiooe iiaeo oi?i
? iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii.

Ieoaiiy noaa?e?caoe?? oa ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa ciaeoee nai?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ?iaioao a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo, ye? aianee
cia/iee aeeaae a ??oaiiy oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo caaea/. Iaeiae
eiiieaeni? nenoaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy ye ia iae?i-, oae ? ia i?e?i??aiyo
i?iaiaeyoueny ua iaaeinoaoiuei. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ? oei, ui
a?o/eciyi? oai?aoeee ? i?aeoeee iaaeinoaoiuei aea/eee iaoiaee, i?eeiie
oa i?aeoiaee, ye? ni?eythoue ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa a ?eieiaeo oiiaao.

?aaeueia neooaoe?y iio?aao? iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?cio
oi?aae?iiy, eiai iino?eiiai eiio?ieth ? aaeaioaoe?? aei ciai?oi?o oiia,
aeoiaey/e c? no?aoaa?? i?aei?e?inoaa.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oaeiae iaiao?aei?noth
?ic?iaee iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaei noaiii i?iieneiaeo ia’?aeiaiue oa i?aei?e?inoa.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo
aeeiiaii a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio I?? eaoaae?e o?iain?a oa e?aaeeoo
Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo Ieiina?oe Oe?a?ie a 1996-1998
??. ca oaiith ? 28/96 “I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy
ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoai?cio noaa?e?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa (ia i?eeeaae?
Caii??cueei? iaeano?)”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
oaeineiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue ? ?ic?iaea
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia noai?aiiy iaoai?cio
oi?aae?iiy no/aniei i?iieneiaei ia’?aeiaiiyi a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei
oa aecia/aiiy eiai aieeao ia o?iainiaee noai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aieiaia ?aeay iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? eiioeaiooaeueii? iniiae oi?aae?iiy
o?iainiaei noaiii i?aei?e?inoaa a ?eieiaeo oiiaao, yea a?aoiao? aieea
aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o /eiiee?a, iaa?oiooaaii? aeioe?eueiino? ??
?aae?caoe?? a i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iinoaaeaii? iaoe ae??oothoueny oae? iniiai? caaea/?:

aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo iniia oi?aae?iiy noa’?eoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy
c iaoith iiaeaeueoiai ?o ?icaeoeo;

aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae, iaoiae?a oa i?aeoiae?a aei i?eeiyooy
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue a ae?yeueiino? ae?iaie/eo ia’?aeiaiue ?
i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? a ?eieiaeo oiiaao;

aea?? cania?a iiaoaeiae iioeiaeueii? iiaeae? i?iieneiaiai ia’?aeiaiiy;

aecia/aiiy ci?noo oa ooieoe?e eiiieaeniiai oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii;

nenoaiaoecaoe?y oa ?ic?iaea i?aeoiae?a ? aa??aio?a cae?eniaiiy
i?ioeaeo?aoii? iie?oeee ae?iaieoeoaa;

?ic?iaea iaoiae?a ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy aa?o?noth ? aiae?cii
aeo?ao;

iaa?oiooaaiiy oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue oa i?aeoeee oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaith
no?ee?noth i?iieneiaiai ia’?aeiaiiy a no/anieo oiiaao;

aecia/aiiy caaea/ aiae?co o?iainiai? ??aiiaaae ia’?aeiaiiy oa noaio
ainiiaea?nueeiai iioaioe?aeo;

?ic?iaea ? iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii noai?aiith ?aca?a?a,
?ai?aai?caoe?? oa naiaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? i?ioeane i?e ae??oaii? ieoaiue oai???,
iaoiaeeee ? i?aeoeee oaeineiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo nenoai oi?aae?iiy
o?iainiaith ae?yeuei?noth i?iieneiaeo ia’?aeiaiue ? i?aei?e?inoa a
?eieiaeo oiiaao.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aiae?co noaea i?iaeaia oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?i oa
iaoiae?a iiaeaaaeaiiy i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, eiai i?aeeiio ?
o?iainiai? noaa?e?caoe??.

Oai?aoe/ia oa iaoiaee/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith oa
iaoiaee/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe oa
ii?iaoeaii-iaoiaee/i? aeieoiaioe, no/ani? i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo,
ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo-aeiiii?no?a; iaoa??aee iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e, nai?ia??a.

Aeey ae??oaiiy eiie?aoieo iinoaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe?? caaaeaiue
canoiniaaii nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae, oai??th a?ao?a, iaoiaee noaoenoe/iiai oa
o?iainiaiai aiae?co, iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee, aea??eiaeo ianoaaeaiue,
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy, aenia?eiaioaeueii? oa ae?iaie/i?
ai?iaaoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? o iinoaiiaoe?, oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? oa
i?aeoe/iiio ae??oaii? eiiieaeno ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c ?icaeoeii
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ieo ? aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaith
ae?yeuei?noth i?iieneiaiai ia’?aeiaiiy.

Aei iaea?eueo ?noioieo ?acoeueoao?a, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue iiaecio ?iaioe,
a?aeianaii oae? iieiaeaiiy:

iaa?oioiaaii oai?aoe/i? iniiae aeei?enoaiiy nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo a
oi?aae?ii? ae?iaie/ith e o?iainiaith ae?yeuei?noth i?iieneiaiai
ia‘?aeiaiiyi;

aecia/aii iniiai? aeaiaioe ooieoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy
i?iieneiaei ia’?aeiaiiyi a oiiaao ainiiaea?nueei? naiino?eiino?;

?ic?iaeaii no?oeoo?ii-eia?/io /eiieeiao iiaeaeue, yea aeeth/a? o?e aeiee
/eiiee?a: ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeee, aeo?aoiiaa?o?niee ? o?iainiaee, oa
iaoiaeeeo ?? aeei?enoaiiy;

cai?iiiiiaaii oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo i?ioeaeo?aoiiai
iaoai?cio,;

noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeei?enoaiiy nenoaie nai?/aniiai
ae?iaieoeoaa (NNA) ? oi?aae?iiy aa?o?noth ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? a
e?eueeino? ? oa?i?ie, aecia/ai? iieoioeyie;

iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei eiiieaeniiai aiae?co o?iainiaiai
noaio ia’?aeiaiiy (i?aei?e?inoaa);

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aiae?co oa caaacia/aiiy aaccaeoeiai? ae?yeueiino?
ia’?aeiaiiy, yea iieyaa? a ioe?ioe? ainiiaea?nueeiai iioaioe?aeo,
o?iainiai? ??aiiaaae oa i?eaooeiaino? ia’?aeiaiiy (i?aei?e?inoaa);

cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo oi?ioaaiiy ? iae?eo ae?iaie/eo oa o?iainiaeo
?aca?a?a;

?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoe?? ii i?iaiicoaaiith o?iainiaiai noaio i?iieneiaiai
ia’?aeiaiiy aeey o?aooaaiiy iiaeeeaiai aaie?oonoaa.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii?
nenoaiiiai ??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ ii aeinyaiaiith aeinoaoi?o
o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, caaacia/aiith o?iainiai? no?eeino? ae?iaieoeoaa
c o?aooaaiiyi ae?? aeo?aoiiai iaoai?cio, aieeao aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o
/eiiee?a, iiaeeeainoae oa aa??aio?a caa?aaeaiiy ??aiiaaae i?iieneiaeo
ia’?aeiaiue ca aeiiiiiaith aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo oa o?iainiaeo
?aca?a?a. Ia i?e?i??ai? oea ?aae?co?oueny oeyoii oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia
i?aenoaa? oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue oa ioe?iee aeina?aeo ? i?aeoeee
oi?aae?iiy i?iieneiaei ae?iaieoeoaii a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
iaa?oioiaaii iia? eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee, i?iiiceoe?? ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ye? aeicaieythoue i?enei?eoe a?aeiiaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa,
a oaeiae ni?eythoue eiai o?iainia?e noaa?e?caoe?? oa iiaeaeueoiio
?icaeoeo.

I?eeeaaei? aniaeoe ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? niaoe?ae?no?a iai?yi?a “O?iaine
oa e?aaeeo”, “Iae?e oa aoaeeo”, “Iaiaaeaeiaio”, “Aeiiii?/ia e?aa?iaoeea”
a 3aii??cueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? oa eiai o?e?yo o i?noao
Aa?aeyinueeo, I?eiiie? oa Oieiaeo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii ?yae aeniiae?a ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ye? neeaaeathoue aaaiiee aianie o ?icaeoie aeiiii?/ii?
iaoee c i?iaeai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?iieneiaei
ae?iaieoeoaii; ?ic?iaeaii iia? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee uiaei cieaeaiiy
aeo?ao, ioe?iee oi?aae?iiy aa?o?noth, aiae?co ? neioaco; o?iainiai?
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa, oi?ioaaiiy ae?iaie/eo ? o?iainiaeo ?aca?a?a.
Noai?aiiy ?ino?oiaio?a ia?aaeaa/aiiy oa caiia?aaiiy aaie?oonoaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?thaaeanue ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e o?iain?a oa e?aaeeoo Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue aeeeaaeaii o aenooiao aaoi?a ia can?aeaiiyo eieaa??
I?i?noa?noaa i?iieneiai? iie?oeee (i. Ee?a, 1998), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo Iae?oiiieuenueei? i?nueei? aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoe??,
Eai?inueei? ?aeiiii? aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoe?? (i. Caii??aeaey) ca
o/anoth ea??aiee?a i?aei?e?inoa (1997), nai?ia??-ia?aae? ia oaio
“Nenoaiiee aiae?c oa ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? a aeiiii?oe?” ca o/anoth
Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, Caii??cueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, Caii??cueei? aea?aeaaii? ?iaeaia?ii?
aeaaeai?? I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie (Ee?a-Caii??aeaey, 1999). Iaoa??aee noaaeaii
? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii iniaenoi a 5
iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 17,4 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 173
noi??ieao iniiaiiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a ?
aeniiaeo, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e c 141 iaeiaioaaiiy, 11
?enoie?a, 11 oaaeeoeue, a oaeiae 2 aeiaeaoe?a.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

O anooi? ?iaioe iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/aii iaoo, caaea/?, i?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?eaaaeaia
oa?aeoa?enoeea iaoeiai? iiaecie ?iaioe, ?? i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue,
ai?iaaoe?y ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

?icae?e 1. I?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/i? aniaeoe oi?aae?iiy
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeith oa o?iainiaith ae?yeuei?noth i?aei?e?inoaa
(ia’?aeiaiiy). I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ? iaiao?aeiith
oiiaith aeoiaeo i?aei?e?inoa c e?eciaiai noaio. A naith /a?ao, oea
iio?aao? noai?aiiy iiaeo ?ino?oiaio?a, ui ni?eyee a ?icaeoeo ci?oaii?
nenoaie aeiiii?ee ?eieiai? i???ioaoe??.

Iniaeeaa cia/aiiy a oeueiio ieai? ia? aoaeoeaia nenoaia oi?aae?iiy
ae?iaieoeoaii. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui a ?eieiaeo oiiaao
ieoaiiyi ia?oi/a?aiai? aaaeeeaino? ? noai?aiiy iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeeo i?aai?caoe?e (i?aei?e?inoa, ia’?aeiaiue) ia
iniia? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo.

Aiae?c ?nioth/eo a aeiiii?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? aeaea?ae iieacaa ia
iaiao?aei?noue oei?caoe?? ooieoe?e oi?aae?iiy, aecia/aiiy anueiai iaai?o
aeaiaio?a, ie?ai? ia?ic?eaii ca’ycai? ooieoe?? aeioe?eueii i?e iieno
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy iiaeaaaoe ye ?ioaa?iaaiee i?ioean, iai?aaeaiee ia
aeinyaiaiiy aecia/aii? iaoe.

Ca?aeii aea?aii? eiioeaioe?? ia’?eoii nenoaiiiai aiae?co ?
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueea i?aai?caoe?y. I?ae oeei oa?i?iii aecia/aii
i?iieneiaa ia’?aeiaiiy aai i?aei?e?inoai. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? oai?aoe/ieo
i?eioeei?a nenoaiiiai oi?aae?iiy ?icaeyiooi /eiieee oa aeaiaioe
aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo ye iaa?ae’?iii? /anoeie ?icaeoeo ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaiai ia’?aeiaiiy. Ae?yeuei?noue i?iieneiaiai ia’?aeiaiiy
neeaaea?oueny c aeaio iniiaieo oei?a i?ioean?a: iaoa??aeueii-?a/iaiai oa
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai.

Oaeee ?icaeyae noeoiiino? aca?iiii?aeiaieo eaiie ae?iaieoeoaa a
iaoa??aeueii-?a/iaeo i?ioeanao i?aaenoaaey? ia’?eo oi?aae?iiy, ii
a?aeiioaiith aei yeiai noeoii?noue i?aai?a, cae?enithth/eo ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
i?ioeane, ? oi?aaeyth/a nenoaia. Nenoaia oi?aae?iiy ia iniia? i?eeiyooy
iioeiaeueieo ??oaiue cae?enith? oe?eani?yiiaaiee aieea ia o?ae
ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano aeey caaacia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeiino? ?o ?acoeueoao?a
e?ioeaa?e iao? ae?iaie/i? nenoaie.

I?ae aieeaii ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua iaaaoeaia i?io?eaiiy
iaoa??aeueii-?a/iaeo i?ioean?a coiiaeth? a?aeoeeaiiy e?ioeaaeo
?acoeueoao?a a?ae caieaiiaaieo ia?aiao??a. Oaeei /eiii aeieea? i?iaeaia
?ic?eao i?ae aaaeaiei noaiii nenoaie (iaoith) ? ?? oaeoe/iei noaiii ia
aeoiae? (?en. 1).

picscalex55010009000003ad0400000800150000000000050000000b020000000005000
0000c02fd01a703050000000902ffffff000500000001020000000004000000020102000
500000001020000000007000000fc020000ffffff000000040000002d01000009000000f
a02000001000000000000002200040000002d0101000e000000240305007b00da00e301d
a00e3014a007b004a007b00da0009000000fa02000000000000000000002200040000002
d01020007000000fc020100000000000000040000002d01030004000000f001010015000
000fb02e4ff0e00000000009001000000cc00000031436f7572696572204e65772043797
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3797374656d00cc040000002d0104000400000008010000050000000a020000000004000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f0005000000010200000000040000002d01030009000000fa02000001000000000000002
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fffff0005000000010200000000040000002d01030009000000fa0200000100000000000
0002200040000002d010700040000000201010010000000250306009d03b2015a03b2015
a03b2015a03b2015a03b2010f03b201040000002d01020004000000f0010700040000000
201020005000000010200000000040000002d010500040000002d0106000c00000024030
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0000902ffffff0005000000010200000000040000002d01030009000000fa02000001000
000000000002200040000002d01070004000000020101001000000025030600750092007
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40000000201020005000000010200000000040000002d010500040000002d0106000c000
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300050000000902ffffff0005000000010200000000040000002d01030009000000fa020
00001000000000000002200040000002d010700040000000201010010000000250306007
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0010700040000000201020005000000010200000000040000002d010500040000002d010
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0002d010300050000000902ffffff0005000000010200000000040000002d01010004000
0002d0104000400000008010000050000000a02000000000400000002010100040000002
e01180005000000090200000000040000002d0101000c00000021050b00d3eff0e0e2ebf
ffef7e8e900080138010900000021050500e2efebe8e20029016201040000002d0104000
50000000902ffffff0005000000010200000000040000002d010100040000002d0104000
400000008010000050000000a02000000000400000002010100040000002e01180005000
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e01180005000000090200000000040000002d0101000a00000021050800cff0eee1ebe5e
ce077002302040000002d010400050000000902ffffff000500000001020000000004000
0002d010100040000002d0104000400000008010000050000000a0200000000040000000
2010100040000002e01180005000000090200000000040000002d0101000800000021050
400c2f5b3e4e1011200040000002d0104000300000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000

?en.1. Aieea oi?aae?iiy ia iaoa??aeueii-?a/iaee i?ioean

A oeueiio aeiaaeeo i?ioean oi?aae?iiy ?icaeyaea?oueny ye iine?aeiaia
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?e aeieeiaii? iiaeo i?iaeai.

A ainiiaea?nueeeo nenoaiao o?nii ia?aieaoai? oaoi?/i?, aeiiii?/i? oa
nioe?aeuei? aca?iia?aeiineie, iiina?aaeeiaai? ae?iaie/eie iia?aoe?yie.
Nenoaia oi?aae?iiy oi?io?oueny caaaeyee aeae?eaiith noeoiiinoae
?ioi?iaoe?eieo iia?aoe?e a niaoe?ae?ciaai? aeaee ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?, ye? cae?eniththoueny a?aeiia?aeiei aia?aoii. Oea
a?aeaoaa?oueny ia aeinoaoiuei aenieiio ??ai? ?icaeoeo ae?iaie/eo nee,
eiee aiane?aeie ?iciiae?eo ? eiiia?aoe?? i?aoe?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-oi?aae?inuee? iia?aoe?? aeinyaathoue aaeeeeo ianya?a.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i oa, ui
aeei?enoaiiy nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aea? iiaeeea?noue aea?aoe iioeiaeueio
no?oeoo?o oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii, aecia/eoe iaeaaaeeea?o? aeaiaioe,
/eiieee, ca’ycee oa nooi?noue oi?aae?inueeeo ooieoe?e. ?acii c oei
ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie caeaaeeoue a cia/i?e i??? a?ae ?ino?oiaio?a
?aae?caoe??. Oiio a aeena?oaoe?? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oai???
nenoai eia?/ii aeoiaeyoue c noaio iinoaiiaee iaoe aei oace aeai?o
aia?aoo iiaeaethaaiiy ? ?ic?iaee iiaeae? i?iieneiaiai ia’?aeiaiiy.

Ocaaaeueithth/e aeina?ae a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo iaoeiaoe?a, a oaeiae
ia?iaee i?aei?e?inoa, aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii no?oeoo?ii-eia?/io /eiieeiao
iiaeaeue, i?e aeei?enoaii? yei? iiaeeeai o?aooaaoe an? ?nioth/? /eiieee,
aecia/eoe no?oeoo?e, iaoai?ci, noai ae?yeueiino? ia’?aeiaiiy.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui aeey aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy
aeioe?eueii ioiieoe yeiiiaa a?eueoa ooieoe?e c iiaiei iaai?ii
no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a, a iiaoaeiao iiaeae? aeeiiaoe ii aei/iiio
i?eioeeio.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue aeeth/a? o?e aeiee /eiiee?a:
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeee, aeo?aoii-aa?o?niee oa o?iainiaee (?en. 2). A
eiaeiiio aeioe? i?eaaaeaii ia o?eueee oa?oioaaiiy /eiiee?a, a oaeiae
aena?oeaii aeiiae oa oiiae ?o aeei?enoaiiy i?e caaacia/aii?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa a ?eieiaeo oiiaao. Iiaeaeue aeicaiey?
o?aooaaoe iaeneiaeueio a?eueo?noue /eiiee?a ye ie?aii ii eiaeiiio aeieo,
oae ? a oe?eiio ii ?o eiiieaeno. E??i oiai, iiaeaeue i?aaenoaaey? niaith
nai???aeiee oaoiieia?/iee iaoai?ci, ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai iiaeii?
ae??ooaaoeny iinoaaeai? caaaeaiiy. Oiio ca iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy a
aeena?oaoe?? aea?aii ieoaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy
aeo?aoii-aa?o?niith oa o?iainiaith ae?yeuei?noth i?iieneiaiai
ia’?aeiaiiy.

A oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee c?inoa? cia/ei?noue ciaioaiiy
aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe?? c iaoith cieaeaiiy ?? nia?aa?oino? oa
i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ae?ia?a. Iniiaith cieaeaiiy aeo?ao ?
caoiaee uiaei ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy oa cieaeaiiy oe?i.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii i?aeo?ae caioi/aiiy aei aeiiii??, yea aoaea
ia?aaeaia ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noao /a?ac ciaioaiiy oe?ie. Aeey
?aae?caoe?? oeueiai iaiao?aeii aeio?eioaaoeny oaeeo aeiia:

i?eaooie aeioe?eueii aeeth/aoe a oe?io oaa?aeith aaee/eiith iacaeaaeii
a?ae iioi/ieo aeo?ao;

iaeio /anoeo iaea?aeaiiai i?eaooeo ia?a?aoiaoaaoe a aea?aeaaiee
athaeaeao;
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0eee1b3f22c54099a040a00000021050700efeef1ebf3e33a005409d604040000002d010
6001800000021052300eef0e3e0edb3e7e0f6b3ff20eff0eef2e8e2e8f2f0e0f2edeebf2
0f1e8f1f2e5ece83b0054090b051600000021051f00eef0e3e0edb3e7e0f6b3ff20f1eae
be0e4f320f2e020f1f2f0f3eaf2f3f0e80054093d051200000021051800eff0eef2e8e2e
8f2f0e0f2ede8f520e2b3e4edeef1e8ed3b54096f051700000021052100f1f2e8ecf3ebf
ee2e0ededff20f0e5f1f3f0f1eee7e1e5f0e5e6e5ededff20f2e0005409a1050f0000002
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0ebb3e720b320eef6b3edeae020e2e8f2f0e0f23b0054090506040000002d01010012000
00021051700d7e8edede8eae82c20ffeab320e2e8e7ede0f7e0fef2fc00be08700613000
00021051900f1efeee6e8e2f7f320e2e0f0f2b3f1f2fc20f2e020f6b3edf3005409ac060
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800e7e0f5eee4e820efee20f1f2e2eef0e5ededfe20d1d1c23b54091d071900000021052
600e7e0f5eee4e820efee20e4eee2e5e4e5ededfe20f1efeee6e8e2f7eebf20e2e0f0f2e
ef1f2b354094f071a00000021052800eff0eee4f3eaf6b3bf20e4ee20f0b3e2edff20f1f
3f1efb3ebfcedeeede5eee1f5b3e4edeee3ee3b540981071100000021051600e7e0f5eee
4e820efee20e7e0e1e5e7efe5f7e5ededfe5409b3071600000021052000eaeeedeaf3f0e
5edf2eef1eff0eeeceee6edeef1f2b320eff0eee4f3eaf6b3bf5409e507040000002d010
400050000000902ffffff000500000001020000000004000000020102000500000001020
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8000e000000240305002104b50421049b008b039b008b03b5042104b504040000002d010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8010000050000000a02000000000400000002010100040000002e0118000500000009020
000000015000000fb02c6ff2300840384039001000000cc00000031436f7572696572204
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90004000000020101000a00000025030300330158077e015807c9015807040000002d010
20004000000f0010900050000000902ffffff0005000000010200000000040000002d010
30009000000fa02000001000000000000002200040000002d01090004000000020101000
c00000025030400c901a802c101a8027e01a8027e01080c040000002d01020004000000f
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3000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

?en. 2. No?oeoo?ii-eia?/ia /eiieeiaa iiaeaeue i?aei?e?inoaa

ae?oao iai?aaeyoe aei oiiaeo noeioethaaiiy cieaeaiiy oe?i, i?ecia/aiiy
yeiai iieyaa? o aeieao? i?aei?e?inoaai i?ai?e ca cieaeaiiy ieie
a?aeioneieo oe?i. Oiiae noeioethaaiiy cieaeaiiy oe?i iiaea aooe ye
aea?aeaaiei, oae ? anioe?aoeaiei;

/?oei aecia/aoe ia?aeiio oa iio?aeio aeiiii?th ? aeaea?aea ?? oi?ioaaiiy
a i?ioeaeo?aoi?e nenoai? ainiiaea?thaaiiy, iniaeeai ia?aeiii?, ye aeui?
caaaeueiiainiiaea?nueei? aeiiii??;

caioi/oaaeuei? oiiaee oa oiiaee ca?ia?oii? ieaoe iiaeii? noaoe i?yiei
noeioeii ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? i?iaeoeoe??.

Aeey i?aei?e?inoa oa?/iaiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy i?iiiio?oueny ieaioaaoe
ca?eueoaiiy oiiaeo ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ia 10% i?e oiia?, eiee noia
caioi/oaaeueieo oiiae?a a ?ic?aooieo ia iaeiiai i?aoe?aieea aeinyaia
o?ueioi?ny/iiai ca?ia?oeo.

Caaaeueiei i?aenoieii cai?iiiiiaaii? i?ioeaeo?aoii? iiaeae?
ai?eciioaeueieo ca’yce?a i?aei?e?inoa ? iiaeeea?noue aioe?ioeyoe?eiiai
?icaeoeo, aeiiii?ea cieaeaieo oe?i c iiaith ye?noth ainiiaea?nueeeo
a?aeiinei, oaoi?ei-ae?iaie/a, aeiiii?/ia oa nioe?aeueia eiinie?aeaoe?y.

?icae?e 2. Iaoiaee/i? aniaeoe oi?aae?iiy aa?o?noth oa aiae?co aeo?ao.
Cae?eniaiiy i?ioeaeo?aoii? iie?oeee i?iieneiaeo ia’?aeiaiue,
i?aei?e?inoa oa ?ioeo ae?iaie/eo eaiie ioiieth? oe?iea eiei iaoiaee/ieo
? i?aeoe/ieo caaaeaiue, ui ni?eyoeiooue caaacia/aiith aeeoo?caeaoiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Na?aae ieo aaaeeeaa i?noea iin?aea? i?iaeaia nai?/aniiai ae?iaieoeoaa ?
oi?aae?iiy aa?o?noth.

O i?ioeanao ae?iaieoeoaa caaaeaee ?nio? i?iaeaia iaoa??aeueieo oa
oiaa?ieo caian?a. O a?eueoino? aaeocae ae?iaieoeoaa aa?o?noue caian?a ?
iaeiei c iaea?eueo e?ea?aeieo aeoea?a. Oiio aeoaea aaaeeeai iaoe nenoaio
ieaioaaiiy ? iae?eo caian?a, yea a caaacia/oaaea i?i?iaeuei? aeo?aoe ia
i?eaeaaiiy ? caa??aaiiy oiaa?ii-iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a.

Aeinyaiaiiy aoaeoeaiiai caaacia/aiiy naaa iaoa??aeueieie ?ano?naie oa ?o
aeei?enoaiiy — iniiaia iaoa a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa-ae?iaiee?a. Cia/iee
??no aa?oino? iaoa??ae?a ca inoaii? ?iee ciaoiaeeoueny a i?yi?e
caeaaeiino? a?ae nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeeiiaii aiae?c aeina?aeo ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i ii
oaeineiiaeaiith oeyo?a ? iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy caianaie (NOA, ssiii?y).
Aeiaaaeaii, ui aeey aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy caianaie aeioe?eueii
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie nai?/aniiai ae?iaieoeoaa (NNA), e?eoa???i yei? ?
iayai?noue iaei? e?eueeino?, aea aeniei? yeino? caian?a.

Aieiaiee i?eioeei NNA iieyaa? o iaiao?aeiino? ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? a
e?eueeino? ? oa?i?ie, aecia/ai? iieoioeyie.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy caianaie ia i?aei?e?inoaao
i?iaeiaieue/iai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ?aeiiaiaeiaaii ?aaoethaaoe ??aaiue
aeo?ao iacaeaaeii a?ae eiai aieeao ia oiaa?ii-iaoa??aeuei? caiane oa
o?iainiao ca?oi?noue.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy NNA aea? iiaeeea?noue ciaioeoe ??aaiue caian?a, a oaeiae
? aeo?ao eai?oaeo. A naith /a?ao, oea i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy
iai?ioiino? eai?oaeo, i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ae?iaieoeoaa oa i?iaeoeoe??.

Aeo?aoe ia i?eaeaaiiy iaoa??ae?a iiaeeeai cieceoe oaeiae ? ca ?aooiie
i?iaaaeaiiy a?eueo oe?ieiai aa?o?nii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aiae?co ?
?icoe?aiiy aca?iiae?? c eaoaai??yie iinoa/aeueiee?a.

Ae?oa? o?iainia? ia?aaaae NNA ciaeoee nai? i?iyaeaiiy a: ciaioaii?
eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao ia oo?eiaiiy neeaaenueeeo i?ei?uaiue aeey caian?a
aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??; cieaeaii? ?eceeo ii?aeueiiai noa??iiy caian?a;
cieaeaii? caeoe?a a?ae a?aeo oa ciaioaiiy aeo?ao ia ia?a?iaeo; ciaioaii?
aeo?ao ia iniiai? ae?iaie/? iaoa??aee ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
caeoieaieo iaoa??ae?a.

Iaa?oioiaaii aea?aei?noue ae?iaie/iai iae?eo ye i?ino?oiai ii??aiyii c
aeei?enoaiiyi iicaiiaii? aai iii?ioeanii? eaeueeoeyoe?? aeo?ao,
eiio?ieth ca neeaaenueeeie caianaie. A oiiaao aeei?enoaiiy NNA /anoeia
iai?yieo aeo?ao ia?aoiaeeoue a ?ic?yae i?yieo. Oaea o?ainoi?iaoe?y
ia?aoai?th? nenoaio ae?iaie/iai iae?eo a nenoaio oi?aae?iiy aa?o?noth,
ui ni?ey? iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.

Ciai?oiy ioe?iea nenoaie ia aea? iiaiiai oyaeaiiy i?i o?iainiaee noai
ae?iaieoeoaa a noaoe/i?e oi?i?, oiio aaaeeeaa i?noea o ae??oaii? oeueiai
caaaeaiiy caeia? aiae?c aeeiai?ee aeo?ao.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeeiiaii aiae?c aeo?ao ? eeaneo?eaoe?th ?o ia iino?ei?,
ci?ii?, ci?oai? (iai?aci?ii?). Aeaye? c ieo ci?iththoueny o ca’yceo c?
ci?iith ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa aai ae?iaie/i? ooieoe??, ?io? —
caeeoathoueny iaci?iieie, ia aeeaey/enue ia ci?io cacia/aieo ianya?a.

A oeueiio ?ac? ? aeieea? aeioe?euei?noue ioe?iee aeeiai?ee aeo?ao aeey
o??aiiaaaeaiiai aiae?co ? aiae?co caeaaeiino? “aeo?aoe — ianya
ae?iaieoeoaa – i?eaooie” aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
ae?iaie/eo i?ae?icae?e?a; aio/eiai o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy; i?eeiyooy
??oaiue ii aecia/aiith oe?i aioo??oiueicaaiaenueei? ia?aaea/? oa ??oaiue
ei?ioeioa?i?iiaiai oa?aeoa?o.

C iaoith oi?aae?iiy aiae?cii aeo?ao aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy, aio/eiai o?iainoaaiiy oa i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ia aeeaeith
ia?niaeoeao iaiao?aeii ?o ?icae?eeoe ia ci?ii? oa iino?ei? neeaaeia?, c
o?aooaaiiyi neeaaeiai? iino?eieo aeo?ao, ooieoe?iiaeueiiai iieacieea
ae?yeueiino? oa ci?iii? aaee/eie ia iaeeieoeth oeueiai iieacieea.

?icae?eaiiy ci?oaieo aeo?ao ia iino?eio oa ci?iio neeaaeia? aiaeia?/ii
aecia/aiith ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeo?ao ? ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iai?eeeaae, ia ”Iae?oiiieuei?iaeiao?” iino?eia neeaaeiaa aeo?ao o 1998
?ioe? aei??aithaaea 9,2 a?i. ia 1 /ieia?ei-aiaeeio i?e oaeoe/iiio
i?ny/iiio a?aei?aoeueiaaiiio oiiae? /ano iaeiei ?ia?oieeii 39 aiaeei.
Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aoei iieeaaeaii a iniiao iiaeaeueoi? ioe?iee
aeo?ao.

A i?ioean? aiae?co anoaiiaeaii, ui eiio?ieue ca oeaio?aie aeo?ao /a?ac
iieacieee ii?iaoeaieo aeo?ao ? aaaeeeaei caniaii cae?eniaiiy aeacaiiai
eiio?ieth ii ae?iaie/eo i?ae?icae?eao. Ii?iaoeai? aeo?aoe
?ic?aoiaothoueny oeyoii iiiaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii? e?eueeino?
ai?iaaaeaeoaaieo ?ano?n?a ia ii?iaoeaio oe?io ca iaeeieoeth ?ano?n?a.
Aeey a?eueoi? /anoeie noaoae aeo?ao aeinoaoiuei o?aooaaoe aeaa iniiaieo
aeaee a?aeoeeaiue: a?aeoeeaiiy ii oe?i? oa a?aeoeeaiiy ii e?eueeino?.
A?aeoeeaiiy ii oe?i? aecia/a?oueny iiiaeaiiyi oaeoe/ii? e?eueeino? ia
??cieoeth i?ae oaeoe/iith oa ii?iaoeaiith oe?iaie, a a?aeoeeaiiy ii
e?eueeino? – iiiaeaiiyi ii?iaoeaii? oe?ie ia ??cieoeth i?ae oaeoe/iith ?
ii?iaoeaiith e?euee?noth.

Ca oe??th iaoiaeeeith aeeiiaii ?ic?aooiee a?aeoeeaiue ii oe?i? ?
e?eueeino? ci?iieo aeo?ao — i?yieo iaoa??aeueieo, i?yieo aeo?ao i?aoe?
oa ci?iiith neeaaeiaith caaiaenueeeo iaeeaaeieo aeo?ao ii ia’?aeiaiith
“Iae?oiiieuei?iaeiao”.

Aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co a aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei cieaeaiiy aeo?ao ? oe?ie ia i?iaeoeoe?th c iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy
??aiiaaae c ii?iaoeaieie iieacieeaie oa aeinyaiaiiy ieae/eo cia/aiue
a?ae ii?iaoeaieo. Cai?iiiiiaaii oaeiae iai?yiee cieaeaiiy iaoa??aeueieo
aeo?ao oa aeo?ao i?aoe?.

Noeoii?noue iieaciee?a, ia?aaeaa/aieo iaoiaeeeith, aea? iiaio
ocaaaeueiaio oa?aeoa?enoeeo yeino? oi?aae?iiy ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiyi
ae?iaie/iai ia’?aeiaiiy ? aeicaiey? aecia/eoe aoaeoeai? caniae
cae?eniaiiy i?ioeaeo?aoii? iie?oeee.

?icae?e 3. Oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino?
ia’?aeiaiiy (i?aei?e?inoaa). A oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, eiee
ii?iaeueia ae?yeuei?noue eiaeiiai i?aei?e?inoaa a cia/i?e i???
caeaaeeoue a?ae eiai o?iainiaiai noaio, oi?iiy ?aoe?iiaeueii aeei?enoaoe
nai? ?ano?ne, iniaeeai aaaeeeaa i?ioan?eia oa nai?/ania i???ioaoe?y a
neeaaei?e ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iiooe aoaeoeaieo
?ino?oiaio?a o?iainiai? noaa?e?caoe??. Na?aae oaeeo ?ino?oiaio?a aaeeea
cia/aiiy ia? o?iainiaee aiae?c ainiiaea?nueeiai noaio ae?iaieoeoaa aeey
?ic?iaee nai?/anieo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue ii canoa?aaeaiith eiai
caeoeiaino? oa iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo.

O?iainiaee aiae?c i?noeoue a nia? aeaa iniiaiiieiaei? aniaeoe: aiae?c
o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoaa ? aiae?c o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a eiai
ae?yeueiino?.

O?iainiaee noai aeyaey?oueny ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy nenoaie iieaciee?a,
ye? aena?oeththoue iayai?noue, ?ici?uaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a a
aa?o?niiio aei??thaaii?.

?acoeueoaoe o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? ia’?aeiaiue oa i?aei?e?inoa o
?eieia?e noa?? aeioe?eueii ioe?ithaaoe oe?eith nenoaiith ?iaeeeaoi??a,
aieiaiei na?aae yeeo ? i?eaooie oa eiai neeaaeia? aeaiaioe.

Aanue oeae eiiieaen ia?aaeoiia aeicaiey? noi?ioethaaoe iniiai? iai?yiee
o?iainiaiai aiae?co ae?iaie/iai ia’?aeiaiiy:

aiae?c ? ioe?iea ainiiaea?nueeiai iioaioe?aeo;

ioe?iea o?iainiai? ??aiiaaae;

ioe?iea i?eaooeiaino? ia’?aeiaiiy (i?aei?e?inoaa).

I?ae ainiiaea?nueeei iioaioe?aeii aecia/a?oueny noeoiia ni?iiiaei?noue
i?aei?e?inoaa ae?iaeyoe i?iaeoeoe?th ? iaaeaaaoe iineoae ianaeaiith. Aei
noa?oiaeo oiia, ui aeicaieythoue noai?thaaoe iiaeeea?noue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ainiiaea?nueeiai iioaioe?aeo, ne?ae a?aeianoe iayai?noue
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae, aeinyaiaiiy
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano oa ?ioa. A aeena?oaoe?? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii
?ic??ciyoe aeoeaiee ? ianeaiee iioaioe?ae. Aeoiaey/e c aeiia
i?aeia?iaeiiai aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo, cai?iiiiiaaii eeaneo?eaoe?th
aeaiaio?a noaoae aeoea?a ? ianea?a oa oiia iiaoaeiae no?oeoo?e
iioaioe?aeo, iaoiaeeeo aiae?co o?iainiaiai aaeaino, no?oeoo?e o?iainiaeo
iioie?a oa ?ic?aooieo iai?ioiino? aeoea?a.

E??i oiai, iaiao?aeii o?aooaaoe caniae, ye? ia iathoue o?ce/ii?,
a?aenooii? oi?ie, aea i?eiinyoue cia/iee aeioiae i?aei?e?inoao (ae?eiaa
?aiooaoe?y, iaoaioe, oiaa?i? ciaee, oi?aia? ia?ee, aaoi?nuee? i?aaa,
e?oeaic??, aeo?aoe ia iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueee ?ic?iaee, aeo?aoe ia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy
AII). Oe? caniae yaeythoue niaith iaeaooi? aeiiii?/i? aeaiaee.

O a?o/eciyi?e i?aeoeoe? iieeui ia o?aoiao?oueny ae?eiaa ?aiooaoe?y
i?aei?e?inoaa (o??ie) ca a?aenooi?no? iaoiae?a ?? aecia/aiiy. A
ca?oa?aei?e i?aeoeoe? aeey aecia/aiiy aa?oino? ae?eiai? ?aiooaoe??
nii/aoeo ?ic?aoiaothoue ia?aaeuaiiy /enoiai i?eaooeo o??ie aeoiaey/e c
eiai na?aaeiueiai ??aiy ca aeae?eueea iiia?aaei?o ?ie?a iaae
na?aaeiueiaaeocaaei /enoei i?eaooeii, a iio?i oea ia?aaeuaiiy ae?e?oueny
ia na?aaeiueiaaeocaao ii?io ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iaie/?o oiiae?a (/enoeo
aeoea?a).

A i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue
?ic?iaee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue eiiieaenii? ioe?iee
o?iainiaiai noaio ia’?aeiaiiy. ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i o?iainiaee noai eiaeiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa ? ia’?aeiaiiy a oe?eiio iiaea neoaeeoe iniiaith aeey
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue: e?aaeeoi?aie ? iice/aeueieeaie a?ioiaeo eioo?a aeey
aecia/aiiy ??aiy ieaoini?iiiaeiino? i?aei?e?inoaa; aeoe?iia?aie oa
ooiaeaoi?aie i?aei?e?inoaa uiaei ioe?iee ?aioaaaeueiino? aeoe?iia?iiai
eai?oaeo ? aiane?a caniiaiee?a o neeaae? caaaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?e;
i?aoe?aieeaie

oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii uiaei a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca aoaeoeaia
aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a ? no?ee?noue aeioiae?a i?aei?e?inoaa.

?ioi?iaoe?y i?i o?iainiaee noai i?aei?e?inoa ia? oaeiae cia/iee ?ioa?an
aeey iinoa/aeueiee?a iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo ?ano?n?a, ca?oa?aeieo
?iaanoi??a, i?aoe?aiee?a iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie, no?aoiaeo onoaiia, i?aai?a
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy.

Aiae?c iaeeie/ieo iieaciee?a aiane?aeie ?o ??ciiiai?oiino? ia?aaeaa/a?
ia?ao?ae a?ae aaniethoieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a aei ?o ioe?iee c
iine?aeiaiei iino?eiei neioacoaaiiyi aeey iaea?aeaiiy iaeiicia/ii?
ioe?iee o?iainiaiai noaio (?en. 3).

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d010500040000002d0104000400000008010000050000000a02000000000400000002010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?en.3. Nenoaia iieaciee?a o?iainiaiai noaio ia’?aeiaiiy

Ocaaaeueiaiiy ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo ? i?aeoeee ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia
a?o/eciyieo i?aei?e?inoaao na?ae/eoue i?i a?aenooi?noue oi?o?eiaaii?
nenoaie iieaciee?a aeey aecia/aiiy o?iainiaiai noaio ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aeey ??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio iieaciee?a oa
iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy ii ?o ?ic?aooieo, aei yeeo aeeth/aii 4 a?oie
iieaciee?a ? o?eiaaeoeyoue o?iainiaeo eiao?oe??io?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iieaciee?a iiaeiii a?aeiia?aeaoe oaeiio
ni?aa?aeiioaiith i?ae /enaeueieeii ? ciaiaiieeii eiao?oe??io?a, ye? a
caaacia/oaaee aeia?aaeaeath/? oaiie ?inoo i?eaooeo ii??aiyii c
iiia?aaei?i ia??iaeii. I?e oaeiio i?aeoiae? ii?iaoeai? cia/aiiy
o?iainiaeo eiao?oe??io?a aoaeooue aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? aeey ??cieo ca?oieo
ia??iae?a ? a?aeaeca?eaethaaoe o?iainiaee noai i?aei?e?inoaa
a?aeiia?aeii aoaeoeaiiio ?icaeoeo eiai ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?.

C iaoith ?icaeiaiiy oa iiaeeaeaiiy aiae?co o?iainiaiai noaio
ae?iaieoeoaa a aeena?oaoe?? i?aee?aneaia aeioe?euei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iieaciee?a ? iaoiaeeee ?o ?ic?aooieo, ye? iiaee ae aecia/eoe oeyoe
aaccaeoeiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa. A ia?oo /a?ao, i?e aecia/aii?
ianya?a i?iaeaae ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe oae? oeyoe, eiee
i?aei?e?inoai caeaoii iie?eoe nai? aeo?aoe aac iaea?aeaiiy i?eaooeo.
Eia?/iei i?iaeiaaeaiiyi aiae?co aaccaeoeiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa ?
ioe?iea i?eaooeiaino?, yea aeicaiey?: ii-ia?oa, aecia/eoe, i?e yeiio
ianyc? ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? iiaeeeai iaea?aeaoe iaiao?aeiee
i?eaooie; ii-ae?oaa, ye ci?ia ??aiy iino?eieo aeo?ao iicia/a?oueny ia
o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoaoao.

Oaeei /eiii, i?eaaaeaia iaoiaeeea caaacia/o? aecia/aiiy i?i?iaeueieo
ianya?a aeioneo i?iaeoeoe??, iioeiaeueii? no?oeoo?e ?? ?aae?caoe??,
iaea?aeaiiy caieaiiaaiiai i?eaooeo, a oaeiae ?ic?aooiie iiaeeeaiai
caiano o?iainiai? no?eeino? c o?aooaaiiyi no?oeoo?e ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeoe??.

I?aei?e?iieoeueea ae?yeuei?noue iino?eii noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?eceeii,
coiiaethth/ei iaia?aaeaa/ai? caeoee. Aeey oieeiaiiy iiae?aieo aeiaaee?a
i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeii? ia?aaeaa/aoe iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy iaaieo
aeaea?ae iie?eooy caeoe?a.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e a?o/eciyiee oa ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae, aaoi?ii
cai?iiiiiaaii noai?thaaoe o?e a?oie ?aca?a?a: ia aeiaaeie ooe?iee
aeaiaio?a aeoeao, ia ?ecee ? aeo?aoe ?aaeaiaioiaai?. A ieai? ?aooie?a
aeey ieo iaiao?aeii ia?aaeaa/eoe a?aeiia?aei? ?aooiee, noa?aooiee.
I?e/iio ?aooiee ?aca?a?a aeeth/athoue ia a iaeei eean, a ?ici?uothoue a
??cieo ?icae?eao a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?ecia/aiiy ? a?oie cania?a, aeey
yeeo aiie noai?ththoueny (?en. 4).
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?en.4. Noaia iae?eo oi?ioaaiiy ?aca?a?a

A oiiaao ianoaa?eueii? aeiiii?ee, oiia?eueiaiiy ieao?aeiiai iai?ioo
?inoeooo aaie?oonoaa iaaoaa? ana a?eueoiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy. ?eieiaa
aeiiii?ea, ye na?ae/eoue i?aeoe/iee ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae, ae?iaeea
oe?ieo nenoaio o?iainiaeo iaoiae?a iiia?aaeiuei? ae?aaiinoeee ?
iiaeeeaiai caoenoo i?aei?e?inoa a?ae aaie?oonoaa.

C oe??th iaoith a aeine?aeaeaii? ia i?eeeaae? aeoe?iia?iiai ia’?aeiaiiy
“Iae?oiiieuei?iaeiao” ?ic?iaeaii ? ?iciianthaeaeaii aeey ?ioeo
i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc? i?iaeiaieue/iai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy i?eioeeie oa
iai?yiee aioee?eciaiai o?iainiaiai oi?aae?iiy i?ae caa?icith
aaie?oonoaa, ?aae?caoe?y yeeo ia?aaeaa/a?:

1. Ia??iaee/io ioe?ieo o?iainiaiai noaio ae?iaieoeoaa i?e iayaiino?
iciae eiai e?eciaiai ?icaeoeo.

2. Aecia/aiiy ??aiy e?eciaiai noaio.

3. Aea/aiiy iniiaieo /eiiee?a, ui iaoiiaeee e?eciaee ?icaeoie.

4. Oi?ioaaiiy oe?eae ? aea?? iaoai?ci?a aioee?eciaiai o?iainiaiai
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii i?e caa?ic? aaie?oonoaa.

5. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aioo??oi?o cania?a o?iainiai? noaa?e?caoe??.

6. Iiooe oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo oi?i naiaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa.

7. O?iainiaa caaacia/aiiy e?ea?aeaoe?eieo i?ioeaaeo? aiane?aeie
aaie?oonoaa.

Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooie?a oaeeo aiae?oe/ieo
iieaciee?a: iioeiaeueiee ?ici?? ?iai/iai eai?oaeo, aeanieo oa caeo/aieo
eioo?a, eiao?oe??ioe ieaoini?iiiaeiino? ? e?ea?aeiino?, iieacieee
caai?aiaaiino?.

Oaeiae ?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoe?? ii naiaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa oeyoii
?ai?aai?caoe??, ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??, ia?aoai?aiiy, ?icae?eaiiy ? ceeaaiiy.
Aeey caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaieo caoiae?a ii o?iainiaiio ?icaeoeo
ae?iaieoeoaa ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeei?enoaiiy aioo??oi?o iaoai?ci?a.

Cai?iiiiiaaia noeoii?noue cania?a aeicaieeoue noai?eoe ia?aaeoiiae
onoiaiiy iaieaoini?iiiaeiino?, a?aeiiaeaiiy o?iainiai? no?eeino?
i?aei?e?inoa oa ao?eaiiy o?iainiai? no?aoaa?? c iaoith i?enei?aiiy
aeiiii?/iiai ?inoo.

AENIIAEE

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? cae?eniaii ae??oaiiy aeooaeueii? iaoeiai?
i?iaeaie, yea iia’ycaia c ?ic?iaeith o?iainiaeo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy
aeoe?iia?iei i?iieneiaei ia’?aeiaiiyi a iaaeao nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o iinoaiiaoe?,
oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? oa i?aeoe/iiio ae??oaii? eiiieaeno ieoaiue,
iia’ycaieo c ?icaeoeii i?aai?caoe?eii iaoiaee/ieo ? aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a
oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaith ae?yeuei?noth aeoe?iia?iiai i?iieneiaiai
ia’?aeiaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o oiio, ui ia i?aenoaa?
oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue oa ioe?iee aeina?aeo ? i?aeoeee oi?aae?iiy
i?iieneiaei ae?iaieoeoaii iaa?oioiaaii iia? eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee,
i?iiiceoe?? ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ye? aeicaieythoue i?enei?eoe a?aeiiaeaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa, a oaeiae ni?eythoue o?iainia?e noaa?e?caoe?? oa
iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiiaii? ?iaioe iaa?oioiaaii ? noi?ioeueiaaii oae?
iniiai? aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??:

1. Cai?iiiiiaaii eiioeaioe?th o?iainiai? noaa?e?caoe?? i?iieneiaeo
ia’?aeiaiue (i?aei?e?inoa) a oiiaao e?eciai? neooaoe?? aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie. Aeei?enoaiiy nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aea? iiaeeea?noue aea?aoe
iioeiaeueio no?oeoo?o oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii, aeyaeoe iaeaaaeeea?o?
aeaiaioe, /eiieee oa ca’ycee aioo??oiueiai oa ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua,
o?aooaaiiy yeeo ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa.

2. Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? no?oeoo?ii-eia?/ii? /eiieeiai? iiaeae?
ia’?aeiaiiy (i?aei?e?inoaa) aecia/aia nooi?noue aiae?co oa aieeao
/eiiee?a ia aeo?aoii-aa?o?ni? oa o?iainia? iieacieee, a oaeiae aeiiae oa
oiiae caaacia/aiiy aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa.

3. Iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee no?aoaa?? i?ioeaeo?aoii?
iie?oeee ia iniia? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie nai?/aniiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
aio/eiai o?iainoaaiiy oa i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue ia
ia?niaeoeao.

4. ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? oa i?aeoe/i? i?iiiceoe?? aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe
??aaiue ? iaa?oioiaai?noue iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
o?iainiaiai aiae?co noaio i?aei?e?inoa ? aiae?co o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a
?o ae?yeueiino?, ioe?iee ainiiaea?nueeiai iioaioe?aeo, o?iainiai?
??aiiaaae, i?eaooeiaino?, caiia?aaiiy caeoeiaino?, ae?aaiinoeee oa
caoenoo i?aei?e?inoa a?ae iiaeeeaiai aaie?oonoaa.

?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue o aeaeyae? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa i?iiiceoe?e ai?iaiaaii ia i?aeoeoe?. I?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ? i?aeoiaee ii oaeineiiaeaiith iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy
o?iainiaith ae?yeuei?noth ia’?aeiaiiy (i?aei?e?inoaa) ciaeoee nai?
ao?eaiiy o aeoe?iia?iiio i?iieneiaiio ia’?aeiaii? “Iae?oiiieuei?iaeiao”,
ia i?aei?e?inoaao aaeoc? i?iaeiaieue/iai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, a oaeiae o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? niaoe?ae?no?a c iai?yie?a
“O?iaine oa e?aaeeo”.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Iuaeeineee ss.E. Oi?aaeaiea i?aaei?eyoeai a oneiaeyo ?uii/iuo
ioiioaiee. – Aeiiaoee-Caii?iaeuea:EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, Caii?iaeneee
ainoieaa?neoao, 1997. — 210 n. (9,5 ae.a.)

2. Iuaeeineee ss.E. I?iaiice?iaaiea oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey i?aaei?eyoey
ia ia?niaeoeao e o/ao aiciiaeiinoe aaie?ionoaa.- Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI
Oe?aeiu, 1997.- 20 n. (1,3 i.e.)

3. Iuaeeineee ss.E. Oeiainiaue aniaeo oi?aaeaiey iai?ioiuie n?aaenoaaie
i?aaei?eyoey. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998.- 41 n. (2,6 ae.a.)

4. Iuaeeineee ss.E. Oi?aaeaiea noieiinoueth e aiaeecii cao?ao. —
Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1999.- 48 n. (2,7 ae.a.)

5. Iuaeeineee ss.E. Oeiainiaay onoie/eainoue i?aaei?eyoey a oneiaeyo
eioeyoeee. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1999. — 26 n. (1,3 ae.a.)

AIIOAOe?ss

Ieaeeinueeee ss.?. Oi?aae?iiy aeoe?iia?iei i?iieneiaei ia’?aeiaiiyi a
no/anieo oiiaao. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa. — ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino? IAI Oe?a?ie,
Aeiiaoeuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith i?iaeai o?iainiai?
noaa?e?caoe?? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa. A ?iaio? noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai?
iai?yie ? eiioeaioe?th no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ae?yeuei?noth a oiiaao
aeiiii?/ii? e?ece.

Aeine?aeaeaii aeiiii?/io nooi?noue oa aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iiaeo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii: no?oeoo?ii-eia?/io /eiieeiao
iiaeaeue ia’?aeiaiiy aeey ioe?iee o?iainiaiai noaio ae?iaieoeoaa,
iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy ii ai?iaaaeaeaiith nenoaie nai?/aniiai
ae?iaieoeoaa c iaoith cae?eniaiiy i?ioeaeo?aoii? iie?oeee. Iaa?oioiaaii
iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a o?iainiai?
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo noai?aiiy ?aca?a?a oa
i?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee ii o?iainia?e noaa?e?caoe?? ? naiaoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iiaeaeue, no?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy, nenoaia nai?/aniiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, naiaoe?y, o?iainiaa noaa?e?caoe?y.

SUMMARY

Pyzhynskyi Y.I. Management of a joint-stock industrial association under
present conditions. – Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree (Economics) by speciality 08.06.01 –
Enterprise economics and organization of production.- The Institute of
Industrial Economics of the National Academy of

Science of Ukraine, Donetsk, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to the research of problems concerning industrial
enterprises’ financial stabilization. The main directions and the
concept of management structure of economic activity under conditions
of economic crisis are formulated.

The economic nature and the efficiency of functioning of new forms of
management are investigated. Structural and logical factorial model of
association for evaluation of a financial state production, methodics on
introduction of a timely productions system to pursue anti-expenditure
policy are worked out. The necessity for improvement of economic
indicators of enterprise’s financial activity is grounded. The
methodics on reserves creation and organizational measures for financial
stabilization and sanation of production are offered.

Key words: model, management structure, timely production system,
sanation, financial stabilization.

AIIIOAOeEss

Iuaeeineee ss.E. Oi?aaeaiea aeoeeiia?iui i?iiuoeaiiui iauaaeeiaieai a
nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 — Yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa. — Einoeooo yeiiiieee i?iiuoeaiiinoe IAI Oe?aeiu,
Aeiiaoee, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth i?iaeai oeiainiaie noaaeeecaoeee
i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee. A ?aaioa noi?ioee?iaaiu iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey
e eiioeaioeey oi?aaeaiey oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoueth i?iecaiaenoaa a
oneiaeyo yeiiiie/aneiai e?ecena. Nia?aiaiiia ninoiyiea i?iiuoeaiiuo
i?aaei?eyoee o?aaoao iiauo oeiainiauo enoi/ieeia aeey naiaai
aic?iaeaeaiey e aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey. Aeey i?aiaeieaiey e?eceniiai
ninoiyiey iaiaoiaeei aeoeaiue iiene iiauo oi?i e iaoiaeia oi?aaeaiey
i?iecaiaenoaii.

Ia iniiaa eco/aiey ioa/anoaaiiiai e ca?oaaaeiiai iiuoa ii
eniieueciaaieth iaoiaeia, i?eaiia e iniaaiiinoae oi?aaeaiey
i?iiuoeaiiuie iauaaeeiaieyie e i?aaei?eyoeyie ?ac?aaioaiu
eiioeaiooaeueiua iniiau iino?iaiey iioeiaeueiie iiaeaee iauaaeeiaiey. A
iiaeaee iaoae naia io?aaeaiea nenoaiiue iiaeoiae oi?iaeecaoeee
i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oicyenoaaiiuo e yeiiiie/aneeo i?ioeannia. Aiaeece?oaony
niaieoiiinoue oaeoi?ia, aeeythueo ia oeiainiaia ninoiyiea i?iiuoeaiiuo
iauaaeeiaiee. Noi?ioee?iaaiu aaaeiaeoea iai?aaeaiey niaa?oainoaiaaiey
oi?aaeaiey noaaeeecaoeeae i?iecaiaenoaa n iiiiuueth
iaoo?aeueii-aauanoaaiiuo e oeiainiauo eino?oiaioia.

A ?aaioa ?acaeaaaony iiaia iai?aaeaiea eiiieaeniiai iiaeoiaea e
nenoaiiiai iaania/aiey i?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneie onoie/eainoe
i?aaei?eyoee ia iniiaa aiaae?aiey nenoaiu naiaa?aiaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa,
nieaeaiey oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo caiania, oi?aaeaiey noieiinoueth e
eiio?ieai nieaeaiey cao?ao.

Auyaeaiu e o/oaiu i?eioeeieaeueiua iniaaiiinoe aeaenoaey
i?ioeaicao?aoiiai iaoaiecia a ?uii/iuo oneiaeyo.

?aeiiaiaeiaaia nenoaia noeioee?iaaiey ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiey ca ia?ae/ioth e
aoi?e/ioth yeiiiieth. I?aaeeiaeaia noaia oi?ie?iaaiey iiiu?eoaeueiuo
oiiaeia, i?aaiecaoeey noeioee?iaaiey ca ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea e iiaeaioiaeo
i?aaei?eyoee e eioaineaiiio aioee?eceniiio ?acaeoeth.

Iainiiaaiu iiaua i?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneea iiaeoiaeu e iiauoaieth
yooaeoeaiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa /a?ac nenoaio naiaa?aiaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa e
oi?aaeaiey noieiinoueth i?iaeoeoeee e oneoa, onei?aiea iai?a/eaaaiinoe
iaoa?eaeueiuo caiania e eo iio?aaeaiey. Oi?aaeaiea noieiinoueth
i?aaeiieaaaao ?aaoee?iaaiea o?iaiy cao?ao iacaaeneii io eo aeeyiey ia
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua caianu eee oeiainiaoth io/aoiinoue. I?eaaaeaiu
iioaioeeaeueiua i?aeiouanoaa nenoaiu naiaa?aiaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa ia?aae
o?aaeeoeeiiiie a /anoe aaaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai i?ioeanna,
i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai o/aoa e oi?aaeaiey eiia/iuie ?acoeueoaoaie.

A nayce n yoei iiae/a?eeaaaony oeaeaniia?aciinoue aiaeeca aeeiaieee e
eiio?iey cao?ao /a?ac iieacaoaee ii?iaoeaiuo cao?ao. ?ac?aaioaia
iaoiaeeea aiaeeca ioeeiiaiee io ii?iaoeaiuo cao?ao.

Eioeyoeeiiiua i?ioeannu, aucuaathuea ?aceia iaaeaiea i?iecaiaenoaa,
auioaeaeatho i?aaei?eyoey i?eaaaaoue ia oieueei e iieneo aeaeiauo
eiioaeoia aeey ?acaeoey naiae aeayoaeueiinoe, ii e i?eiaiyoue ?acee/iua
iiaeoiaeu e iaania/aieth naiae oeiainiaie noaaeeueiinoe. A ?aaioa
?anniio?ai ?yae aa?eaioia ioeaiee oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey e aeaiu
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eo eniieueciaaieth.

Aeaaiie iniaaiiinoueth i?iaaaeaiiiai aiaeeca a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo
yaeyaony oi, /oi a aai no?oeoo?a aia?aua a i?aeoeea ?aoaiey yoie
i?iaeaiu, ia?yaeo n iauae eiiieaeniie ioeaieie oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey
i?iiuoeaiiiai iauaaeeiaiey, ?anniio?aiu aaaeiaeoea aniaeou aiaeeca
ninoiyiey oicyenoaaiiiai iioaioeeaea, ?aaiiaaney e i?eaueueiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey, nicaeaiey e o/aoa ?aca?aia, i?iaiice?iaaiey oeiainiaie
noaaeeueiinoe n o/aoii aaie?ionoaa.

Aeey i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee aiciaiiaeaiey ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe e
ainnoaiiaeaiey oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe i?aaei?eyoee ?aeiiaiaeiaaiu
aa?eaiou naiaoeee aeey ?acee/iuo oi?i oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey
i?iecaiaenoaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiaeaeue, no?oeoo?a oi?aaeaiey, nenoaia naiaa?aiaiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa, naiaoeey, oeiainiaay noaaeeecaoeey.

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