2

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?aaiiaa Iaoae?y Ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE 620.179.16

OEUeO?ACAOEIAA EIAA?AIOII-?IIOEUeNIA OO?’?-?IO?INEII?ss NEAAIEIIO?ANOIEO
NO?OEOO?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.11.13 – i?eeaaee ? iaoiaee eiio?ieth

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aoiaooei
Ieaenaiae? Ioaa?eiae/, Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oaiaeaoeueeee Aieiaeeie? Na?a?eiae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith
aeaeo?iiii-ia/enethaaeueieo iaoei;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ao?ei Aiaoie?e A?eai?iae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/ee
eaoaae?ith aeaeo?i?cieyoe?eii? oa eaaaeueii? oaoi?ee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo aeaeo?icaa?thaaiiy ?i. A. I.
Iaoiia

IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 25 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo i “ 14-30 ” aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae64.050.09 o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:

310002, Oa?e?a, aoe. O?oica, 21.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 17 ” ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ai?eoiia A. I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. A aeaiee /an oeueo?acaoeia? iaoiaee caeiathoue
i?ia?aeia i?noea na?aae iaoiae?a ? cania?a ia?oei?aiiai eiio?ieth,
oaoi?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee, iaaee/ii? ?io?ineii??. Oea coiia-eaii
aeanoeainoyie oeueo?acaoeiaeo eieeaaiue, cie?aia, aenieith /ooeea?noth
ia?aiao??a eieeaai-iy aei iacia/ieo ci?i o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a (oaeaeeino?
iioe?aiiy, caaanaiiy) eiio?ieueiaaiiai na?aaeiaeua, ui ?iaeoue
aeioe?eueiei aeei?enoaiiy oeueo?acaoea o caaea/ao aecia/aiiy o?ce/ieo
aeanoeainoae iaoa??ae?a, aeyaeaiiy ? eieae?caoe?? ae?eyiie ?c ci?iaieie
o?ce/ieie aeanoeainoyie ? o. i. O oeueiio ?yaeo caaea/ aaaeeeaa i?noea
caeia? iaaee/ia caaea/a ?aiiueiai aeyaeaiiy iooeei, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iacia/iei ca?eueoaiiyi eiao?oe??ioa caaanaiiy
oeueo?acaoea.

sse a?aeiii c caaaeueii? oai??? aei???a, oaca eieeaaiiy, ui
iioe?th?oueny, ia? iaea?eueoo /ooeea?noue aei iacia/ieo ci?i oaeaeeino?
? caaanaiiy oeueo?acaoeiai? oaee?. O oie aea /an, aia?aaoe/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee eieeaaiiy caeaaeaoue a?ae oeeo ia?aiao??a na?aaeiaeua a
cia/ii iaio?e i???. Oea aeicaiey? aiai?eoe i?i eiio?ieue iacia/ieo ci?i
o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a na?aaeiaeua ye i?i caaea/o eiio?ieth oacieiio?anoieo
no?oeoo?.

Iaoiaee, caniiaai? ia aaciina?aaeiueiio aei??? oace eieeaaiiy,
aeicaieythoue ae??ooaaoe oe? caaea/?. I?ioa aeai? iaoiaee ia
caaacia/othoue i?inoi?iao eieaeuei?noue eiio?ieth, ui ia? aaeeea
cia/aiiy a no/anieo oaoiieia?yo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. *anoeia
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeiioaaeany a ?aieao aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie
01-1-97 «I?aeaeuaiiy a??ia?aeiino? ae?aaiinoeee caoai?thaaiue ia aac?
eiii’thoa?ieo iaoiae?a aiae?co iaeieiio?anoieo cia?aaeaiue» (?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0197V000646; iaeac Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?690 a?ae 20. 12. 95 ?ieo).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea
iaoiaeo oeueo?acaoeiaiai eiio?ieth, ui ii?aeio? ?ioaa?aeueio /ooeea?noue
oaciaeo iaoiae?a, caniiaaieo ia aeei?enoaii? aacia?a?aieo aa?iii?eieo
eieeaaiue oa i?inoi?iao eieaeuei?noue eiio?ieth, ui aeanoeaa
aoi-?iioeueniiio iaoiaeo.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe ?iaioe aoee iinoaaeai? ? ae??oai? ianooii?
caaea/?:

1. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy oeueo?acaoeiaeo aaaaoi/anoioieo
oe?ieinioaiaeo aei???a eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy aeine?aeaeoaaii?
no?oeoo?e.

2. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe i?ioeaaeo?o neioaco oaci-/aniaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee ia iniia? ia?aoai?aiue oe?ieinioaiaeo aaaaoi/anoioieo
aei???a eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy aeine?aeaeoaaii? no?oeoo?e.

3. Aeine?aeeoe iiaeeea?noue neioaco oaci-/aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee ia iniia?
ia?aoai?aiue /anoioii? caeaaeiino? iiaeoey eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy
aeine?aeaeoaaii? no?oeoo?e.

4. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo eiio?ieth, caniiaaiiai ia aaciina?aaei?e
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aei???a eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy
aeine?aeaeoaaii? no?oeoo?e.

5. Aeine?aeeoe ?ioi?iaoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? iaoiaeo noiniaii caaea/
oeueo?acaoeiai? oiaueiiiao??? ? aeaoaeoineii??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe:

1. Oai?aoe/ii ?ic?iaeaii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii iiaee iaoiae
oeueo?acaoeiaiai eiio?ieth, ui aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? oaci-/aniaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee, neioaciaaieo ia i?aenoaa? ?ioaa?aeueieo ia?aoai?aiue
aaaaoi/anoioieo aei???a eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy no?oeoo?e ? caaacia/o?
i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? ? /ooeeaino? oeueo?acaoeiaeo aei???a.

2. Aia?oa aeine?aeaeai? iiaeeeaino? neioaco oaci-/aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee
eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy eiio?ieueiaaii? no?oeoo?e i?e oe?ieinioaiaeo
aaaaoi/anoioieo aei??ao. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii iie?ioaiiy
/ooeeaino? eiio?ieth aei iaeeo aa??aoe?e cia/aiue o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a
eiio?ieueiaaiiai na?aaeiaeua.

3. Aia?oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue neioaco oaci-/aniaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee ia i?aenoaa? ia?aoai?aiiy A?eueaa?oa /anoioii? caeaaeiino?
iiaeoey eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy.

4. Aia?oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaia iaeiicia/i?noue ioe?iee aeeaeie
caeyaaiiy aeaoaeo?a ii oaci-/aniaei oa?aeoa?enoeeai, neioaciaaiei ii
/anoioi?e caeaaeiino? iiaeoey eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy.

5. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii ? aeine?aeaeaii iiaee iaoiae iiaeaiiy ?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aei???a o ?aieao oeueo?acaoeiaiai eiio?ieth
a oacia?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao c aeei?enoaiiyi aeaiaio?a oai??? o?aeoae?a
aeey e?euee?nieo ioe?iie a caaea/ao aeaoaeoineii??.

6. Aia?oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii ieoaiiy aeai?o oi?ie aaaiai?
ooieoe?? i?e neioac? iaaia?aaoe/ieo /aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iieyaa?:

— o ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee aei??thaaiiy /anoioii? caeaaeiino? eiiieaeniiai
eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy, i?iaaaeaiiy aei??thaaiue eiiieaeniiai
eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy iiaeaeae oa?iaeo no?oeoo? oa iiaeaeae aeaoaeo?a;
o ?ic?iaoe? ? cae?eniaii? i?ioeaaeo? iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee aei??thaaiue,
i?ioeaaeo? neioaco oaci-/aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee o ?iaio? [1];

— o ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee neioaco oaci-/aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee ia i?aenoaa?
ia?aoai?aiiy A?eueaa?oa ci??yiiai iiaeoey eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy, a
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ia?aa??oe? a?iioace i?i i?i?iaeueii-oaciaee oa?aeoa?
a?eueoi? /anoeie ?aaeueieo no?oeoo?, a aeine?aeaeaii? /ooeeaino? /aniaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo neiaoey?iiai ?iceeaaeaiiy a ?iaio?
[2];

— o oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? iiaeeeaino? iiaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
oeueo?acaoeiaeo aei??thaaiue o oacia?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao, o cae?eniaii?
aeai?o ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iieaciee?a aeey ??oaiiy caaea/? aeyaeaiiy aeaoaeoo
a ?iaio? [3];

— o aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae iaoiaeo ioeue-/aniaiai
aiae?co a ?iaio? [4];

— o aeine?aeaeaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae iaoiaeo
eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenii? Oo?’?-?io?ineii?? i?e ciiaeoaaii?
neaaieiio?anoieo no?oeoo? o ?iaio? [5];

— o /enaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaii? iiaaae?iee aiie?ooaeii-/anoioii? oa
oaci-/anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoee oa?iai? no?oeoo?e i?e aa??aoe?? oaeaeeino?
iioe?aiiy oeueo?acaoeiaiai eieeaaiiy, eiao?oe??ioo caaanaiiy iaoa??aeo
oa?o a ?iaio? [6];

— o oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? iaoiaeeee neioaco oaci-/aniaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee ia i?aenoaa? ia?aoai?aiiy A?ia?a-O?i/eia ci??yiiai iiaeoey
eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy iiaeaeae aeaoaeo?a o ?iaio? [7];

— o aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaii? iiaeeeaino? a?aeoai?aiiy
oaci-/anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy
iiaeaeae aeaoaeo?a ia i?aenoaa? ia?aoai?aiiy A?eueaa?oa iiaeoey
eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy a ?iaio? [8];

— o i?iaaaeaii? ii??aiyiiy oaci-/aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee, neioaciaaieo ia
i?aenoaa? aei??thaaiue eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy oa iiaeoeth
eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy iiaeaeae aeaoaeo?a o ?iaio? [9];

— o i?iaaaeaii? aei??thaaiue ? neioac? oeueo?acaoeiaiai cia?aaeaiiy
iiaeae? c aeaoaeoaie ??ciiai ae?aiao?o a ?iaio? [10];

— o oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaii? iiaeeeainoae i?aeaeuaiiy a??ia?aeiino?
eiio?ieth ia i?aenoaa? aeei?enoaiiy iaaia?aaoe/ieo /aniaeo caeaaeiinoae
o ?iaio? [11];

— o i?iaaaeaii? aaaaoi/anoioieo aei??thaaiue eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioo
a?aeaeooy caoeiiiaeeiath/eo iie?eoo?a o ?iaio? [12].

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

1. O ?aieao ?iaioe ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aei??o ? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
?acoeueoao?a, yeee aeicaiey? aeyaeoe oa eieae?coaaoe ae?eyiee ia’?eoo c
iacia/ieie a?aeoeeaiiyie cia/aiue o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a.

2. Cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae aei iiaeaiiy niaeo?aeueieo oeueo?acaoeiaeo
aei???a o oacia?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao aeicaiey? aaanoe iia? e?euee?ni?
ioe?iee a i?aeoeeo oeueo?acaoeiai? aeaoaeoineii??.

3. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aei???a ? neioaco oaci-/aniaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia a caaea/ao a?ae?ieieaoe?? oa
?aae?ieieaoe?? oa?iaeo iie?ia?a caie?.

?aae?caoe?y ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aoee aeei?enoai? i?e eiio?ie? o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae oianoino?iieo o?oa a
?aieao ?ia?o ii oaoi?/i?e iiaea?i?caoe?? onoaoeoaaiiy AO
“Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee o?oaiee caaiae”.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia onoaiiaea, iaoiaeeee eiio?ieth, aeai?eoi?/ia
caaacia/aiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaoeiaiio ? iaa/aeueiiio i?ioeanao
eaoaae?e Aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?? Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aoee iaaiai?ai? ia oaeeo eiioa?aioe?yo: O?aoy i?aeia?iaeia
eiioa?aioe?y “?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a ? ia?iaea ?ioi?iaoe??”, I?inuee
(A?ei?on?y), 1995; The international conference “Computer methods and
inverse problems in nondestructive testing and diagnostics CM NDT’-95”,
Minsk (Belarus), 1995; the third all-Ukrainian international conference
“Signal/image processing and pattern recognition”, Kyjiv (Ukraine),
1996; Ae?oaa Oe?a?inueea iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y ”Ia?oei?aiee
eiio?ieue ? oaoi?/ia ae?aaiinoeea”, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee (Oe?a?ia), 1997;
Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y “O?ceea ? oaoi?ea oeueo?acaoea”,
i?enay/aia 100-??//th c? aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy i?ioani?a N. ss. Nieieiaa,
Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a (?in?y), 1997; International conference “Pattern
recognition and information processing”, Minsk (Belarus), 1997,
Conference on Actual problems of measuring technique «Measurement-98»,
Kyjiv (Ukraine), 1998.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 12 ?ia?o, a
oiio /ene? 4 noaoo? a aeo?iae? «Aeaoaeoineii?y», 6 noaoae a i?aoeyo
eiioa?aioe?e, 2 aeiiia?ae? a oacao eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e (137 iaeiaioaaiue) ? aeaio
aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe neeaaea? 186 noi??iie, ye?
aeeth/athoue 147 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 42 iaethiee ? 6
oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, noi?ioeueiaaia
iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?o iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy,
aiioaoe?y iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, a oaeiae ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i ai?iaaoe?th ?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaiae?ciaaii no/aniee noai oeueo?acaoeiaeo iaoiae?a
? cania?a ia?oei?aiiai eiio?ieth ? iaaee/ii? ae?aaiinoeee.

A aeaiee /an ?icaeoie oaoiieia?e iinoaaea caaea/?, iia’ycai? c eiio?ieai
no/anieo eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, i?eioeeiiaa a?aei?ii?noue yeeo a?ae
o?aaeeoe?eieo – iaaiiiaaii?noue, aeniea ai?cio?ii?y, a oaeiae aaeeea
/anoioii-caeaaeia caaanaiiy oeueo?acaoea. ??oaiiy oeeo caaea/ iio?aao?
ea?aeeiaeueiiai i?aeaeuaiiy oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oeueo?acaoeiaeo
iaoiae?a ia?oei?aiiai eiio?ieth ?, ianaiia?aae, aia?a?? ciiaeoth/iai
aieeao, /ooeeaino?, a nain? iaenei?caoe?? a?aeiioaiiy neaiae/ooi, ?
oi/iino? aei???a, ui aeaeyaea? iaeieiia??iei a iaaeao ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a
eiio?ieth. Aaia?aeueiee iai?yiie o ?icaeoeo ?iioeuenieo iaoiae?a –
i?eaaaeaiiy oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oeueo?acaoeiaiai eiio?ieth o
a?aeiia?aei?noue aei no/anieo aeiia – iieyaaa o aeei?enoaii? a yeino?
ciiaeoth/eo neaiae?a ?c aioo???iioeueniith iiaeoeyoe??th. Oeae iaoiae
io?eiaa iacao iaoiaeo neeaaeieo neaiae?a. A ?iaio? aeacaii ia
i?eioeeiia? iaaeie?ee aeaiiai iaoiaeo, ui oneeaaeiththoue eiai i?aeoe/ia
aeei?enoaiiy.

–––

–––

O ?iaio? Aoiaooeia I. I.1 aoei cai?iiiiiaaii aeueoa?iaoeaiee i?aeo?ae –
iaoiae oe?ieinioaiai? Oo?’?-?io?ineii??. Aeaiee iaoiae iiaeia
?icaeyaeaoe ye ocaaaeueiaiee iaoiae neeaaeieo neaiae?a, c oi/ee ci?o
iiaeeeaino? eiai aeei?enoaiiy aei caaea/ eiio?ieth na?aaeiaeu c
aia?aaoe/ieie ? aeenia?n?eieie ao?aoaie. Nooue iaoiaeo iieyaa? a
ciiaeoaaii? eiio?ieueiaaiiai na?aaeiaeua aa?iii?eieie eieeaaiiyie
aaeeei? o?eaaeino?. I?e oeueiio aei??ththoueny aiie?ooaea ? oaca
a?aeaeoiai eieeaaiiy. Iaoiae oe?ieinioaiai? Oo?’?-?io?ineii?? aeicaiey?
aei??thaaoe ? ia?aoai?thaaoe oaciao ?ioi?iaoe?th, yea i?noeoueny a
oeueo?acaoeiaiio a?aeaeoo?. Oea ?iaeoue iiaeeeaei i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy
iaaia?aaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee o caaea/ao ia?oei?aiiai eiio?ieth.

I?iaiae?ciaaii iaoiaee oeueo?acaoeiaiai eiio?ieth, iniiaai? ia
aaciina?aaei?o aei??ao ? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oaciai? ?ioi?iaoe??. Oacia?
iaoiaee aeicaieythoue c aenieith oi/i?noth aeyaeyoe ci?ie ia?aiao??a
na?aaeiaeua, aea ca aeiiiiiaith oeeo iaoiae?a i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeai
eieae?coaaoe ae?eyieo na?aaeiaeua ?c ci?iaieie ia?aiao?aie.

?icaeyiooi aeaye? iaoiaee, a yeeo aeei?enoiaoaaeanue oaciaa ?ioi?iaoe?y,
ye aeiaeaoeiaa aeaea?aei iie?ioaiiy ?ioi?iaoeaiino? eiio?ieth. A iaeieo
c ieo oaca aei??th?oueny, a ?io?e a?oi? iaoiae?a oaca neioaco?oueny c
aei???a ?aae?i?iioeueniiai neaiaeo ca aeiiiiiaith iaoaiaoe/ieo
iia?aoe?e. Iacaaeia?euei? ?acoeueoaoe oeeo iaoiae?a iiyniththoueny
aeeiai?/iei ?aaeeiii aei???a, a ?acoeueoao? /iai ia caaacia/o?oueny
iaiao?aeia oi/i?noue ao?aeieo aeaieo. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co, c?iaeaiiai a
ia?oiio ?icae?e?, iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei aecia/aii ?icaeoie iaoiaeo
oe?ieinioaiai? Oo?’?-?io?ineii??.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii oeueo?acaoeiaee iaoiae
eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenii? Oo?’?-?io?ineii?? ? aeine?aeaeai? eiai
?ioi?iaoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? noiniaii aei eiio?ieth neaaieiio?anoieo
no?oeoo?.

Iaaeaii aaciao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa
a?aeaeooy oa?iai? no?oeoo?e, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny i?e ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
?acoeueoao?a eiio?ieth.

Iaoiae eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenii? Oo?’?-?io?ineii?? neeaaea?oueny c:

1. I?iaaaeaiiy oe?ieinioaiaeo aaaaoi/anoioieo aei???a eiiieaeniiai
eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy R(f) no?oeoo?e ia N aea?aeenoaioieo a?aee?eao
o?eniaaieo ? noaa?e?ciaaieo /anoioao.

2. Ia?ao?ae a /aniao iaeanoue ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, yeee cae?enith?oueny
iaoiaeii eiii’thoa?iiai neioaco ?acoeueooth/i? ?aoeaeoia?aie h(t) ia
iniia? aeai?eoio cai?ioiiai ia?aoai?aiiy Oo?’? eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa
a?aeaeooy R(f). Oey ianoaaeia coiiaeth? iacao iaoiaeo –
“eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenia Oo?’?-?io?ineii?y”.

Ooieoe?y h(t) ? nioaiaa, oiio aeey aeae?eaiiy oaciai? oa?aeoa?enoeee (t)
? aiie?ooaeii? oa?aeoa?enoeee a(t) aeei?enoaii i?aeo?ae, ui aaco?oueny
ia neioac? aiae?oe/ii? ?iioeuenii? oa?aeoa?enoeee. A?aoiaoth/e oie oaeo,
ui (t) – aieiaia cia/aiiy oaci-/aniai? oa?aeoa?enoeee, a yeino?
aeiaeaoeiai? ?ioi?iaoeaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee eiio?ieth cai?iiiiiaaii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe caeii ci?ie ieoo?ai? iano/i? /anoioe fian(t).

Aaeeea cia/aiiy iathoue oae? iiiaioe i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeo:

-iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy aaaiai? ia?iaee aei???a /anoioii?
caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy. Aii??e/ii aoei aecia/aii, ui aeey
neioaco iaaia?aaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe a?eia
iieiaeiii? oi?ie. Canoinoaaiiy oeueiai a?eia, ye ? ne?aeoaaei i/?eoaaoe,
iia??oo? aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, o ii??aiyii? c canoinoaaiiyi a?eia
cae/aeii? oi?ie.

-iaiao?aei?noue onoiaiiy ?aaoey?ii? neeaaeiai? c aei???a. Aeoiaey/e c
aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae? eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy, ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i
ia?aa?aeaeooy caeeaaeaia a inoeeeyoe?yo, iaeeaaeaieo ia ?aaoey?io
neeaaeiao. ?aaoey?ia neeaaeiaa a ?aieao aeaii? iiaeae? ?ioa?i?aoo?oueny
ye a?aeaeooy a?ae ia?aaeiuei? iiaa?oi? no?oeoo?e ? a?ae i?eiiaa?oi?o
a?aeaeaa/?a.

I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy /aniai? aeicaieyth/i? ni?iiiaeiino?.
?acoeueoaoe ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy iieacothoue, ui ci?ia oe?eie
a?eia ii ??aith 6aeA cia/ii aieeaa? ia iiaeeea?noue aeyaeaiiy ?
aecia/aiiy /ano i?eoiaeo ia?oiai ia?aa?aeaeooy a?ae iaae? oa?-i?aeeiaeea
ii aia?aaoe/iei oa?aeoa?enoeeai, ? iacia/iee – ii iaaia?aaoe/iei.
Inoaii?, iniaeeai caeaaei?noue ieoo?ai? /anoioe, iathoue e?auo
aeicaieyth/o ni?iiiaei?noue, i?ae aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Iaeia c iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo i?iaeai iaoiae?a oeueo?acaoeiai? ?io?ineii??
– iie?ioaiiy /ooeeaino?, i?ae yeith ?icoi??oueny iaea?eueo iiaeeeaa
ci?ia aaciina?aaeiuei aei??thaaieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?e i?i?iaeuei?e ci?i?
cia/aiiy eiio?ieueiaaiiai ia?aiao?o. Ia i?eeeaae? iaeiioa?iai? no?oeoo?e
aeine?aeaeaii yeo aeeoa?aioe?eio /ooeea?noue iathoue ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee iaoiaeo eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenii? Oo?’?-?io?ineii?? i?e
ci?i? ia?aiao??a na?aaeiaeua. Iieacaii, ui a on?o aeiaaeeao
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?iiaaeain?a oa??a, aeeoa?aioe?eia /ooeea?noue
oaci-/aniai? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia aeaa ii?yaeee aeua, i?ae
aiie?ooaeii-/aniai? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? caeaaeiino? ieoo?ai? /anoioe. Aea
oea iiaea aeyaeoeny iaaeinoaoi?i. E??i oiai, oa?aeoa?iei aeey
aeeoa?aioe?eii? oaciai? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? ?? “?icieeaaiiy”, oiaoi ci?ia
caeaaeiino? i?eaeecii iaeiaeiaa aeey eiaeiiai a?aee?eo /ano.

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy /ooeeaino? iaoiaeo eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenii?
Oo?’?-?io?ineii?? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii
aeine?aeaeaii iaoiae ioeue-/aniaiai aiae?co eiiieaenieo iaeiath/eo
neioaciaaieo ?iioeuenieo oa?aeoa?enoee.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyioo? iiaeeeaino? eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenii?
Oo?’?-?io?ineii?? oa?iaeo no?oeoo? a oiiaao oaciai? iaaecia/aiino?
eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy no?oeoo?e. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee neioaco /aniaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee ia iniia? ia?aoai?aiue iiaeoey eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy.

Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii i?aeo?ae, ui iieyaa? o a?aeiiaeaii?
oaci-/anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia i?aenoaa? ia?aoai?aiiy A?eueaa?oa
aei???a iiaeoeth eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy.

Iieacaii, ui a?eueoo /anoeio ?aaeueieo no?oeoo? “?io?ineii-ia’?eo
eiio?ieth” a i?aeoeoe? iaoiaeo eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenii? Oo?’?-?io?ineii??
iiaeia a?aeianoe aei eeano i?i?iaeueii-oaciaeo. A?aeiiaeaia
oaci-/anoioia oa?aeoa?enoeea ? ci??yiee iiaeoeue eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy
?icaeyaeothoueny ye a?aeiiaeaiee eiiieaeniee eiao?oe??io a?aeaeooy.
Aeae? aeei?enoiaothoueny i?ioeaaeo?e neioaco /aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee –
aiie?ooaeii? oa?aeoa?enoeee aH(t), oaciai? oa?aeoa?enoeee H(t) ?
caeaaeiino? ieoo?ai? ci?ie iano/i? /anoioe fHian(t) – ye o aeiaaeeo
eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy, ui aei??th?oueny.

Iaa?oioiaaii ae?oaee i?aeo?ae, ui iieyaa? a neioac? aaoiei?aeyoe?eii?
ooieoe?? ?iioeuenii? oa?aeoa?enoeee. AEO iaea?aeo?oueny ia iniia?
ia?aoai?aiiy A?ia?a-O?i/eia iiaeoey /anoioii? caeaaeiino? eiiieaeniiai
eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy.

A?aeiiniee /an a AEO ia? aaciina?aaei?e ca’ycie c aaniethoiei /anii
i?eoiaeo a?aeaeooy ? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey ioe?iee oiauei oa??a
aai aeeaeie caeyaaiiy aeaoaeoo. Ca aiaeia??th c aiae?oe/iith
?iioeueniith oa?aeoa?enoeeith no?oeoo?e, iiaeia aaanoe aiae?oe/io AEO
?iioeuenii? oa?aeoa?enoeee no?oeoo?e. A yeino? ?ioi?iaoeaieo
caeaaeiinoae eiiieaenii? iaeiath/i? aiae?oe/ii? AEO aeei?enoai?
aiie?ooaeia iaeiath/a AEO b(), oaciaa iaeiath/a () ? /aniaa caeaaei?noue
ieoo?ai? /anoioe fBian().

Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii oaeo eiaeoaaiiy oaciai? ?ioi?iaoe?? a
?acoeueooth/eo aiie?ooaeii-/anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoeeao eiao?oe??ioa
a?aeaeooy no?oeoo?e “?io?ineii-ia’?eo eiio?ieth”. Oeae oaeo aeicaiey?
aaciina?aaeiuei neioacoaaoe ?iioeueni? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia iniia?
aeei?enoaiiy ia?aoai?aiiy A?ia?a-O?i/eia.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aii, ui a yeino? «iniaeeaeo» oi/ie, ii yeei
iiaeia ?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i iayai?noue ? /an i?eoiaeo a?aeaeaaiue, aeey
oa?aeoa?enoee, neioaciaaieo c aeiiiiiaith ia?aoai?aiue A?eueaa?oa ?
A?ia?a-O?i/eia, aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe oae? ae oi/ee, ye ? aeey
oa?aeoa?enoee eiiieaenii? iaeiath/i? aiae?oe/ii? ?iioeuenii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee: aeey aiie?ooaeii-/aniai? – iaeneioi oa?aeoa?enoeee; aeey
oaci-/aniai? – i?e ci?i? oa?aeoa?enoeee c iaeneioio ia i?i?ioi
ia?aoeiaiiy c ioeai aeey ia?oiai a?aeaeooy, na?aaeith oi/eo aeey ?ioeo;
aeey caeaaeiino? ieoo?ai? /anoioe – i?i?ioi oa?aeoa?enoeee (iae. 1).
I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacothoue, ui a i?aeoeoe? iaoiaeo
eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenii? Oo?’?-?io?ineii?? iiaeeeai neioacoaaoe ?iioeueni?
oa?aeoa?enoeee eiio?ieueiaaieo no?oeoo? aac aei??o oaci-/anoioieo
caeaaeiinoae, ui aeicaiey? nooo?ai ni?inoeoe eiino?oeoe?th ?io?ineii?a.

Aeine?aeaeaii /ooeea?noue oa?aeoa?enoee iaoiaeo eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenii?
Oo?’?-?io?ineii?? a /anoioi?e ? /ania?e iaeanoyo ? oa?aeoa?enoee,
io?eiaieo 1) ia iniia? eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy; 2) i?e
a?aeiiaeaii? oaciai? ?ioi?iaoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith ia?aoai?aiiy A?eueaa?oa;
3) ii AEO ?iioeuenii? oa?aeoa?enoeee no?oeoo?e. ?icaeyiooi iaoiae
e?euee?nii? ioe?iee /ooeeaino?, ia i?aenoaa? aecia/aiiy e?eueeino?
aeanieo /enae ei?aeyoe?eii? iao?eoe? aeine?aeaeo?ieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo
caeaaeiinoae. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ia i?eeeaae? iaeiioa?iai?
no?oeoo?e. Neioaciaai? ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy ia?aoai?aiue A?eueaa?oa ?
A?ia?a-O?i/eia ?iioeueni? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeine?aeaeo?ieo no?oeoo?
iathoue oaeo ae (aai a?eueo aenieo) /ooeea?noue aei iacia/ieo aa??aoe?e
cia/aiue o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a no?oeoo?, ye ? ?iioeueni? oa?aeoa?enoeee,
neioaciaai? c aeei?enoaiiyi ci??yieo oaci-/anoioieo caeaaeiinoae.
Iaaia?aaoe/i? oaci-/ania? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaea?eueo /ooeea? aei ci?i
ia?aiao??a iiaeae? (oaae. 1).

Ia?ao?ae c /anoioii? iaeano? a /aniao iaeanoue ?ioa?i?aoaoe??,
?icaeyiooee a iiia?aaei?o ?icae?eao, caaacia/o? eieaeuei?noue eiio?ieth.
?acii c oei ?nio? eean caaea/ aeaoaeoineii??, iia’ycaieo c aeyaeaiiyi
aeaoaeoo aac aecia/aiiy eiai ia?aiao??a, – oiaoi caaea/a ?ica?aeiaee.
Aeey ??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? a /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae
ye?nii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oe?ieinioaiaeo aaaaoi/anoioieo aei???a
eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy.

Iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy iiaiai eii?aeeiaoiiai aaceno –
oaciai? nenoaie eii?aeeiao. Iine?aeiai?noue a?aee?e?a eiiieaeniiai
eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaia a aeaeyae? ?aa?an?eii?
iiaeae?. Noeoii?noue eiao?oe??io?a iiaeae? iana a nia? ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i
ia?aiao?e no?oeoo?e. Oaeei /eiii, iiaeaiiy aei???a eiao?oe??ioa
a?aeaeooy a oacia?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaii c
eiao?oe??ioaie iiaeae?, ui ? i?aenoaaith aeey canoinoaaiiy aeaii?
nenoaie eii?aeeiao. Aeine?aeaeai? aea? neooaoe??.

1) eiio?ieth?oueny iaeiioa?iaa no?oeoo?a. Aeaoaeoii ? a?aeoeeaiiy
iaeiiai c ia?aiao??a i?aeeiaeee (oaeaee?noue, caaanaiiy, aaiiao?e/ia
oiaueia) a?ae iii?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy. ?acoeueoaoaie a?aeia?aaeaiiy
/anoioii? caeaaeiino? iiaeoey eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy ? oace a oacia?e
nenoai? eii?aeeiao ? i?ino? o?ao?e – ae?ine. A yeino? ?ioi?iaoeaieo
iciae aea?ai? iieiaeaiiy oeaio?o ae?ina ? aeiaaeeia aieiaii? i?ain?.
Ci?ia eiaeiiai ia?aiao?o aea? nai? ii?aeiaiiy ci?ie iciae
a?aeia?aaeaiiy. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeaiee i?aeo?ae
aei ??oaiiy caaea/? aeyaeaiiy aa??aoe?e ia?aiao??a na?aaeiaeua.

2) caaea/a aeyaeaiiy aeaoaeoo a iaeii??aeiiio oa??. Aeey ioe?iee
a?aeia?aaeaiiy aea?ai? ianooii? i?eciaee: aeey iiaeoey – ieiua ae?ina,
yea ?ic?aoiao?oueny ii ioe?ieai aeiaaeei i?ainae, aeey oace –
o?aeoaeueia ?ici??i?noue, yea oa?aeoa?eco? nooi?iue oaioe/iino?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy

C aiae?co ?ioaa?aeueieo iieaciee?a aeey a?aeia?aaeaiue aeaoaeo?a ?c
??ciiiai?oieie ae?aiao?aie ? ia ??ciiiai?oi?e aeeaei? caeyaaiiy
aecia/aii, ui iiaeeeai aea?aoe ii??a, ye aeey ieiu? ae?ina, oae ? aeey
o?aeoaeueii? ?ici??iino?, ui aeicaiey? ae??ooaaoe caaea/o aeyaeaiiy
aeaoaeoo.

O aeiaeaoeao iaaaaeaii iien aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee aei??o
/anoioii? caeaaeiino? eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy
oeueo?acaoeiaeo eieeaaiue a no?oeoo??, yea eiio?ieth?oueny; a oaeiae
aeieoiaioe, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue i?aeoe/ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
?iaioe.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ?IAIOE

A ?iaio? ae??oaia caaea/a noai?aiiy iaoiaeo oeueo?acaoeiai?
eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenii? Oo?’?-?io?ineii??, yeee iieyaa? o i?iaaaeaii?
aaaaoi/anoioieo aei???a nioaiaeo niaeo?aeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee
eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy eiio?ieueiaaii? no?oeoo?e a ?aaeei? noiy/eo
oaeeue, ia?aoiae? c niaeo?aeueii? iaeano? aei???a a /aniao iaeanoue
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a ia i?aenoaa? cai?ioiiai ia?aoai?aiiy Oo?’? c
ianooiiei aeae?eaiiyi oaci-/aniai? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? (aai)
/aniai? caeaaeiino? ieoo?ai? ci?ie iano/i? /anoioe. Oea caaacia/o?
aenieo /ooeea?noue aei iacia/ieo aa??aoe?e cia/aiue ia?aiao??a
no?oeoo?e, aeanoeao ?ioa?oa?aioe?eiei iaoiaeai eiio?ieth, ?,
iiaeeea?noue i?inoi?iai? eieae?caoe?? i?noey ci?ie ia?aiao?o oa
oi/i?noue, aeanoeao ?iioeueniei iaoiaeai eiio?ieth.

Aeaiee iaoiae i?eioeeiiai aeicaiey?:

1) i?e aei??? niaeo?aeueii? caeaaeiino? eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa
a?aeaeooy i?iaiaeeoe eiio?ieue no?oeoo? aeia?eueii? aaiiao???;

2) i?e aei??? o?eueee niaeo?aeueii? caeaaeiino? iiaeoey eiao?oe??ioa
a?aeaeooy eiio?iethaaoe i?i?iaeueii-oacia? no?oeoo?e c aeei?enoaiiyi
ia?aoai?aiiy A?eueaa?oa aeey neioaco oaci-/anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy;

3) i?e ciiaeoaaii? no?oeoo? a?aeiii? aaiiao??? eiio?iethaaoe ci?io
ia?aiao?o aac aeei?enoaiiy oaci-/anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoee eiao?oe??ioa
a?aeaeooy ia iniia? oaci-/aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee eiiieaenii? iaeiath/i?
aaoiei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe?? ?iioeuenii? oa?aeoa?enoeee no?oeoo?e;

4) i?e eiio?ie? no?oeoo? i?inoi? aaiiao??? cae?enithaaoe ye?niee
eiio?ieue ii niaeo?aeueiei caeaaeiinoyi eiiieaeniiai eiao?oe??ioa
a?aeaeooy a oacia?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao aac aeei?enoaiiy iia?aoe??
ia?aoiaeo a /aniao iaeanoue.

Iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Aoiaooei I. I., ?aaiiaa I. I. Eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenia Oo?’?-?io?ineii?y
neaaieiio?anoieo no?oeoo? // Aeaoaeoineii?y. – 1996. – ?6. – N. 3-15.

2. Aoiaooei I. I., ?aaiiaa I. I. Oeueo?acaoeiaa eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenia
Oo?’?-?io?ineii?y neaaieiio?anoieo no?oeoo? ii /anoioi?e caeaaeiino?
iiaeoey eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy // Aeaoaeoineii?y. – 1996. – ?12. – N.
24-36.

3. Aoiaooei I. I., ?aaiiaa I. I. sse?nia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a
iaoiaeo oeueo?acaoeiai? niaeo?aeueii? aeaoaeoineii?? ii ?ioaa?aeueiei
iieacieeai o oacia?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao //Aeaoaeoineii?y. – 1996. – ?12.
– N. 36-45.

4. Aoiaooei I. I., ?aaiiaa I. I. I?aeaeuaiiy /ooeeaino? oeueo?acaoeiai?
eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenii? Oo?’?-?io?ineii?? ia iniia? iaoiaeo
ioeue-/aniaiai aiae?co eiiieaenieo iaeiath/eo neioaciaaieo ?iioeuenieo
oa?aeoa?enoee // Aeaoaeoineii?y. – 1997. – ?6. – N. 3-10.

5. Aoiaooei I. I., ?aaiiaa I. I. ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee oeeo?iai?
eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenii? Oo?’?-?io?ineii?? noiniaii aei oeueo?acaoeiaiai
ciiaeoaaiiy neaaieiio?anoieo no?oeoo? // Oace aeiiia?aeae o?aouei?
i?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? “?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a ? ia?iaea
?ioi?iaoe??”. – I?inuee (A?ei?on?y). – 1995. – N. 11-16.

6. Akhmetshin A. M., Lyuboshenko I. V., Ivanova N. A. Ultrasonic phase
introscopy of layered media in frequency and time domains // Proc.
International Conference “Computer Methods and Inverse Problems in
Nondestructive Testing and Diagnostics CM NDT’-95”. – Minsk (Belarus). –
1995. – P. 275-282.

7. Akhmetshin A. M., Ivanova N. A. Improvement of ultrasonic
coherent-impulse Fourier-introscopy sensitivity on the basis of the
Hilbert-synthesis of impulse responses // Proc. The third all-ukrainian
international conference “Signal/image processing and pattern
recognition”. – Kyjiv (Ukraine). – 1996. – p. 185-189.

8. Aoiaooei I. I., ?aaiiaa I. I. Oeueo?acaoeiaa oaci-/aniaa
Oo?’?-?io?ineii?y neaaieiio?anoieo no?oeoo? // I?aoe? Ae?oai?
Oe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe?? ”Ia?oei?aiee eiio?ieue ?
oaoi?/ia ae?aaiinoeea”. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee (Oe?a?ia). – 1997. – N.
66-67.

9. Aoiaooei I. I., ?aaiiaa I. I., Aeieaia A. I. Oeueo?acaoeiaa
?ioa?oa?aioe?eia oaci-/aniaa Oo?’?-?io?ineii?y neaaieiio?anoieo no?oeoo?
// I?aoe? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “O?ceea ? oaoi?ea
oeueo?acaoea”, i?enay/aia 100-??//th c? aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy i?ioani?a N.
ss. Nieieiaa. – Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a (?in?y). – 1997. – N. 108-110.

10. Akhmetshin A. M., Ivanova N. A. Information possibilities of the
coherent-impulse Fourier-synthesis of structure impulse characteristics
with utilization only the magnitude of reflection coefficient // Proc.
International Conference “Pattern recognition and information
processing”. – Minsk (Belarus). – 1997. – P. 193-197.

11. Ivanova N. A., Pogorelov A. A. Increase of reliability of the
ultrasonic control on the basis of synthe-sis and interpretation of the
phase-time characteristics of the reflection coefficient // Proc.
Conference on Actual problems of measuring technique «Measurement-98». –
Kyjiv (Ukraine). – 1998. –P. 232-233.

12. Pogorelov A. A., Ivanova N. A. Measurement of complex coefficient of
ultrasonic wave reflection with use radiowave reflectometer // Proc.
Conference on Actual problems of measuring technique «Measurement-98». –
Kyjiv (Ukraine). – 1998. –P. 212-213.

Aiioaoe?y

?aaiiaa I. I. Oeueo?acaoeiaa eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenia Oo?’?-?io?ineii?y
neaaieiio?anoieo no?oeoo?. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.11.13 – i?eeaaee oa iaoiaee eiio?ieth.
–Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1998.

O ?iaio? ae??oaia caaea/a noai?aiiy iiaiai oeueo?acaoeiaiai iaoiaeo
eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenii? Oo?’?-?io?ineii??, , yeee iieyaa? o i?iaaaeaii?
aaaaoi/anoioieo aei???a nioaiaeo niaeo?aeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee
eiao?oe??ioa a?aeaeooy eiio?ieueiaaii? no?oeoo?e a ?aaeei? noiy/eo
oaeeue, ia?aoiae? c niaeo?aeueii? iaeano? aei???a a /aniao iaeanoue
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a ia i?aenoaa? cai?ioiiai ia?aoai?aiiy Oo?’? c
ianooiiei aeae?eaiiyi oaci-/aniai? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? (aai)
/aniai? caeaaeiino? ieoo?ai? ci?ie iano/i? /anoioe.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy i?e eiio?ie? o?ce/ieo
aeanoeainoae oianoino?iieo o?oa ?c caoeniei ae?aeaeo?e/iei iie?eooyi.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eiaa?aioii-?iioeuenia Oo?’?-?io?ineii?y, aaaaoi/anoioi?
aei??thaaiiy, ?aaeei noiy/eo oaeeue, ?ioi?iaoe?eia oaci-/aniaa
oa?aeoa?enoeea.

The Summary

Ivanova N. A. Ultrasonic coherent-impulse Fourier-introscopy of
slight-contrast structures. – Manuscript.

Thesis for a technical sciences candidate’s degree on specialty 05.11.13
– devices and methods of the control. – Kharkov state politechnical
university, Kharkov, 1998.

In this work a problem of creation of ultrasonic coherent-impulse
Fourier-introscopy method is resolved. This method is based on
multifrequency measurement of band spectral characteristics of
reflection coefficient of probing structure in standing wave regime and
on the transition from spectral measuring domain into time
interpretation domain on the basis of inverse Fourier transformation
algorithm with subsequent allocation of information phase-time
characteristic and (or) dependence of instantaneous carrier frequency.

The main results of work have found application at control of physical
property of thick-wall tubes with protective dielectric cover.

Key words: coherent-impulse Fourier-introscopy, multifrequency
measuring, regime of standing waves, information phase-time
characteristics.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eaaiiaa I. A. Oeueo?acaoeiaay eiaa?aioii-eiioeueniay Oo?uea-eio?ineiiey
neaaieiio?anoiuo no?oeoo?. –?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.11.13 – i?eai?u e iaoiaeu eiio?iey. – Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Aaaeiie i?iaeaiie oeueo?acaoeiaiai ia?ac?ooathuaai eiio?iey yaeyaony
ii?aaeaeaiea o/anoeia aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo iaoa?eaeia n iacia/eoaeueii
eciaiaiiuie iaoaie/aneeie naienoaaie. A aeaeueiaeoai iiaeiaiua no?oeoo?u
aoaeai iacuaaoue neaaieiio?anoiuie. A nayce n yoei oeaeueth
aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou yaeyaony ?ac?aaioea iaoiaea oeueo?acaoeiaiai
eiio?ieth, ni/aoathuaai eioaa?aeueioth /oanoaeoaeueiinoue
eioa?oa?aioeeiiiuo oaciauo iaoiaeia, iniiaaiiuo ia eniieueciaaiee
iai?a?uaiuo aa?iiie/aneeo eieaaaiee, n eieaeueiinoueth yoi-eiioeueniiai
iaoiaea eiio?iey.

E iiaui iao/iui ?acoeueoaoai, iieo/aiiui a aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa,
neaaeoao ioianoe:

1. Oai?aoe/anee ?ac?aaioai e yenia?eiaioaeueii enneaaeiaai iaoiae
oeueo?acaoeiaiai eiio?iey, iniiaaiiue ia eniieueciaaiee oaci-a?aiaiiuo
oa?aeoa?enoee, neioace?iaaiiuo ia iniiaa eioaa?aeueiuo i?aia?aciaaiee
iiiai/anoioiuo ecia?aiee eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey eiio?iee?oaiuo
no?oeoo?, iaania/eaathuee iiauoaiea oi/iinoe e /oanoaeoaeueiinoe
oeueo?acaoeiauo ecia?aiee.

2. Enneaaeiaaiu aiciiaeiinoe neioaca oaci-a?aiaiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee
eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey eiio?iee?oaiie no?oeoo?u i?e oe?ieiiieiniuo
iiiai/anoioiuo ecia?aieyo. Yenia?eiaioaeueii iieacaii oaaee/aiea
/oanoaeoaeueiinoe eiio?iey e iaeui aa?eaoeeyi cia/aiee oece/aneeo
ia?aiao?ia eiio?iee?oaiie n?aaeu.

3. Yenia?eiaioaeueii iieacaia aiciiaeiinoue neioaca oaci-a?aiaiiuo
oa?aeoa?enoee ia iniiaa i?aia?aciaaiey Aeeueaa?oa /anoioiie caaeneiinoe
iiaeoey eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey.

4. Yenia?eiaioaeueii iieacaia iaeiicia/iinoue ioeaiee aeoaeiu caeaaaiey
aeaoaeoia ii oaci-a?aiaiiui oa?aeoa?enoeeai, neioace?iaaiiui ii
/anoioiie caaeneiinoe iiaeoey eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey.

5. I?aaeeiaeai e enneaaeiaai iiaue niinia i?aaenoaaeaiey e
eioa?i?aoaoeee ?acoeueoaoia ecia?aiee a ?aieao oeueo?acaoeiaiai
eiio?iey.

6. Yenia?eiaioaeueii enneaaeiaai aii?in auai?a oi?iu ooieoeee «ieia» i?e
neioaca iayia?aaoe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee.

E?aoeia niaea?aeaiea aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou:

Ai aaaaeaiee iainiiaaia aeooaeueiinoue oaiu aeenna?oaoeeiiiiai
enneaaeiaaiey, noi?ioee?iaaia oeaeue e caaea/e enneaaeiaaiey, eo iao/iay
iiaecia e i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea, aiiioaoeey iniiaiuo ?acoeueoaoia, a
oaeaea eioi?iaoeey ia ai?iaaoeee e aiaae?aiee ?aaiou.

A ia?aii ?acaeaea i?iaiaeece?iaaii nia?aiaiiia ninoiyiea oeueo?acaoeiauo
iaoiaeia e n?aaenoa ia?ac?ooathuaai eiio?iey e iaaeeoeeineie
aeeaaiinoeee.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea oai?aoe/anee iainiiaai oeueo?acaoeiaie iaoiae
eiaa?aioii-eiioeueniie Oo?uea-eio?ineiiee e enneaaeiaaiu eioi?iaoeeiiiua
aiciiaeiinoe i?eiaieoaeueii e ciiaee?iaaieth neaaieiio?anoiuo no?oeoo?.
Iaoiae eiaa?aioii-eiioeueniie Oo?uea-eio?ineiiee aeeth/aao a naay:

1. I?iaaaeaiea oe?ieiiieiniuo iiiai/anoioiuo ecia?aiee eiiieaeniiai
eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey enneaaeoaiie no?oeoo?u.

2. Ia?aoiae ai a?aiaiioth iaeanoue eioa?i?aoaoeee, inouanoaeyaiue
iaoiaeii eiiiuethoa?iiai neioaca ?acoeueoe?othuae ?aoeaeoia?aiiu ia
iniiaa aeai?eoia ia?aoiiai i?aia?aciaaiey Oo?uea eiiieaeniiai
eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey. Yoi ianoiyoaeuenoai i?aaeii?aaeaeyao iacaaiea
iaoiaea–»eiaa?aioii-eiioeueniay Oo?uea-eio?ineiiey».

Aieueoia cia/aiea eiatho neaaeothuea iiiaiou i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee
iaoiaea: 1)aaaaeaiea aaniaie ia?aaioee ecia?aiee /anoioiie caaeneiinoe
eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey; yiie?e/anee auei ii?aaeaeaii, /oi aeey neioaca
iayia?aaoe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee oeaeaniia?acii eniieueciaaoue ieia
iieiaeiiie oi?iu; 2) ono?aiaiea ?aaoey?iie ninoaaeythuae ec ecia?aiee.

A o?aoueai ?acaeaea ?anniio?aiu aiciiaeiinoe eiaa?aioii-eiioeueniie
Oo?uea-eio?ineiiee neienouo no?oeoo? a oneiaeyo oaciaie
iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey ciiaee?oaiie no?oeoo?u.
?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeu neioaca a?aiaiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee ia iniiaa
i?aia?aciaaiee iiaeoey eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey. Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaai
iiaeoiae, ninoiyuee a ainnoaiiaeaiee oaci-/anoioiie oa?aeoa?enoeee ii
ecia?aieyi iiaeoey eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey ia iniiaa i?aia?aciaaiey
Aeeueaa?oa. Iainiiaai aoi?ie iiaeoiae, caeeth/athueeny a neioaca
aaoiei??aeyoeeiiiie ooieoeee eiioeueniie oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Aeey ?aoaiey caaea/e iaia?oaeaiey aeaoaeoa aac ii?aaeaeaiey aai
ia?aiao?ia a /aoaa?oii ?acaeaea ?ac?aaioai iaoiae ea/anoaaiiie
eioa?i?aoaoeee oe?ieiiieiniuo iiiai/anoioiuo ecia?aiee eiiieaeniiai
eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey a iiaii eii?aeeiaoiii aacena – oaciaie nenoaia
eii?aeeiao.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou: A ?aaioa ?aoaia caaea/a nicaeaiey iaoiaea
oeueo?acaoeiaie eiaa?aioii-eiioeueniie Oo?uea-eio?ineiiee, iniiaaiiiai
ia iiiai/anoioiii ecia?aiee iieiniauo niaeo?aeueiuo oa?aeoa?enoee
eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey ciiaee?oaiie no?oeoo?u a ?aaeeia noiy/eo aiei,
ia?aoiaea ec niaeo?aeueiie iaeanoe ecia?aiee ai a?aiaiioth iaeanoue
eioa?i?aoaoeee ia iniiaa aeai?eoia ia?aoiiai i?aia?aciaaiey Oo?uea n
iineaaeothuei auaeaeaieai oaci-a?aiaiiie eioi?iaoeaiie oa?aeoa?enoeee
eee a?aiaiiie caaeneiinoe iaiiaaiiiai eciaiaiey ianouae /anoiou. Aeaiiue
iaoiae i?eioeeieaeueii iicaieyao:

1. i?e ecia?aiee niaeo?aeueiie caaeneiinoe eiiieaeniiai eiyooeoeeaioa
io?aaeaiey i?iaiaeeoue eiio?ieue no?oeoo? i?iecaieueiie aaiiao?ee;

2. i?e ecia?aiee oieueei niaeo?aeueiie caaeneiinoe iiaeoey eiyooeoeeaioa
io?aaeaiey eiio?iee?iaaoue ieieiaeueii-oaciaua no?oeoo?u n
eniieueciaaieai i?aia?aciaaiey Aeeueaa?oa aeey neioaca oaci-/anoioiie
oa?aeoa?enoeee eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey;

3. i?e ciiaee?iaaiee no?oeoo? ecaanoiie aaiiao?ee eiio?iee?iaaoue
eciaiaiea ia?aiao?a aac eniieueciaaiey oaci-/anoioiuo oa?aeoa?enoee
eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey ia iniiaa oaci-a?aiaiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee
eiiieaeniie iaeaathuae aaoiei??aeyoeeiiiie ooieoeee eiioeueniie
oa?aeoa?enoeee no?oeoo?u;

4. i?e eiio?iea no?oeoo? i?inoie aaiiao?ee inouanoaeyoue ea/anoaaiiue
eiio?ieue ii niaeo?aeueiui caaeneiinoyi eiiieaeniiai eiyooeoeeaioa
io?aaeaiey a oaciaie nenoaia eii?aeeiao aac eniieueciaaiey iia?aoeee
ia?aoiaea ai a?aiaiioth iaeanoue.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iaoee i?eiaiaiea i?e eiio?iea oece/aneeo
naienoa oienoinoaiiuo o?oa n caueoiui aeeyeaeo?e/aneei iie?uoeai.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiaa?aioii-eiioeueniay Oo?uea-eio?ineiiey,
iiiai/anoioiua ecia?aiey, ?aaeei noiy/eo aiei, eioi?iaoeeiiiay
oaci-a?aiaiiay oa?aeoa?enoeea.

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