EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

AOEUeA?INUeEEE Aiae??e A?eai?iae/

OAeE 947.7 (16)

OE?A?INUeEI-?IN?ENUeEA A?EIA 1658 — 1659 ??.

07.00.01 – ?noi??y Oe?a?ie

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ai?enaiei Aieiaeeie? Eineiiae*,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?noi??? Oe?a?ie

?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo

Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

NA?A?E*OE AIEIAeEIE? ?AAIIAE*,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeaaiuei? oa iiai?

?noi??? Oe?a?ie

Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,

AI?IAAOeUe A?EOI? IEEIEAEIAE*,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

a?aeae?eo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie na?aaei?o a?e?a

?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao «Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea

Aeaaeai?y»,eaoaae?a ?noi??? oa iie?oieia??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 22 ethoiai 1999 ?. i 10-00 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.20 o Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252033, i.Ee?a, aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea,60).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252033, i.Ee?a,
aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea,58).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii » 21 » n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
AIAEEI I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia eia?eith i?iaeaie oa caaaeaiiyi
aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a (7
ia?aa?ao?a), aeniiae?a (caaaeueiee ianya oaenoo iniiaii? /anoeie
aeena?oaoe?? — 180 n.), nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e (322
iaeiaioaaiiy ia 25 n.) oa 16 aeiaeaoe?a ia 38 n. Iiaiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 243 n.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. I?ioyaii inoaii?o o?ueio noie?oue
oe?a?inueei-?in?enuee? a?aeiineie a?ae?a?aaaee a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie iaeio c
eeth/iaeo ?ieae. On? i?ioeane, ye? a?aeaoaaeenue o oeeo ?aieao, iaee ?
iathoue aaciina?aaei?e aieea ia aeieth Oe?a?ie. Neeaaei? aca?ieie i?ae
e?a?iaie a ie?ai? ia??iaee ?noi?e/iiai ieioeiai, iaai? canoa??e?
noa?aioeie o aeainoi?iii?o a?aeiineiao, ye? ia no/aniiio aoai?
noai?ththoue o?oaeiiu? aeey iiaiie?iaiiai ? ??aiii?aaiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa oa ia?oia?noaa, iaa?yae /e iiaeooue aooe inyaioo? e
iiaeieai? aac aeaoaeueiiai aea/aiiy oa aiae?co aiaeia?/ieo i?iaeai o
ieioeiio.

I?iaeaia a?eie i?ae Oe?a?iith ? ?in??th o 1658 — 1659 ??. o
?aaeyinuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? oaeoe/ii aoea caai?iiaiith, a oiio ?
iaeiaea/aiith oaiith. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?? naia ca?ac noaiiaeoue ?ioa?an
ianaiia?aae oiio, ui ? nueiaiaei? Oe?a?ia noi?oue ia?aae oe?ae
i?eioeeiiaei aeai?ii aaiiie?oe/iiai eo?no naiai ?icaeoeo oa i?iaeaiith
iiooeo ? naiiona?aeiieaiiy aeaniiai noaoono ? i?noey ia ?a?iiaenueeiio
eiioeiaio?. Aiaeia?/i? i?iaeaie, ui iinoaee ia?aae iaoith e?a?iith ? o
1658 — 1659 ??., aaaaoi a /iio aecia/eee ?? iiaeaeueoo aeieth.

?ic?iaea oe??? i?iaeaie ?aea a caaaeueiiio ?one? oe?iei ?icai?iooiai a
inoaii? ?iee aeine?aeaeaiiy aea?aeaaioai?/eo i?ioean?a oa aea/aiiy
iie?oe/ii? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie o na?aaeei? oa ae?oa?e iieiaei? XVII no.

Ie??i oiai, cacia/aia i?iaeaia aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaia c aea/aiiyi
i?aeoeee iineianueei? iie?oeee iinooiiai? ?iei?ii?aoe?? eicaoeueei?
Oe?a?ie aei neeaaeo ?in?enueei? aea?aeaae a?enueeiaeie oa ie?ieie
caniaaie, a oaeiae c aeine?aeaeaiiyi iaoiae?a ? cania?a ?? ?ioaa?aoe?? a
?in?enueeee aeiiii?/iee, i?aaiaee oa aea?aeaaiee i?ino??. I?aeoe/ia
?aae?caoe?y oeueiai eo?no aeoea?coaaeanue Iineaith naia i?ae /an
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei? a?eie 1658— 1659 ??., a oiio ?ic?iaea oe???
i?iaeaie ia iiaiio aoai? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae ia’?eoeaii
noaiiaeoue cia/iee iaoeiaee ?ioa?an ? iaaoaa? iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino? oa
noni?eueii? cia/ouino?.

A inoaii? ?iee ii/aee ia?aoo? c’yaeyoeny ?iaioe c ?noi???
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeeo a?aeiinei i?ney 1654 ?. Iiae??
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei? a?eie 1658 — 1659 ??. /anoeiai caeiyee iaeaaeia
?i i?noea o caaaeueieo eo?nao ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, i?ioa a?aenooi?noue
niaoe?aeueiiai eiiieaeniiai ? a?oioiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c ?noi??? a?eie
ia aeicaiey? aaaaeaoe oeth «a?eo ieyio» a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao??
iiai?noth e?ea?aeiaaiith. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaeiei ?c e?ie?a ia
ae?ae aaaeeeaiio aeey no/anii? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee oeyoo ?ic?iaee
a?enueeiai-aeeieiiaoe/ieo i?iaeai iie?oe/ii? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ae?oai?
iieiaeie XVII no., ni?iaith ia’?eoeaiiai inieneaiiy iiae?e
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei? a?eie e?ioey 50-o ?ie?a XVII no. ?iaioa
iieeeeaia ni?eyoe ona?aeiieaiith iaoei noni?euenoaii iaiao?aeiino?
i?aeoe/iiai a?aooaaiiy iiceoeaieo ? iaaaoeaieo noi??i
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeeo a?aeiinei oeueiai ia??iaeo oa noai?aiiy oaei?
aoiinoa?e, o ye?e aoa ae iaiiaeeeaei iiae?aiee ?aoeeaeea i?ae
oe?a?inueeei ? ?in?enueeei ia?iaeaie.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iie?oe/i? oa a?enueeia? ieaie ?in?enueeiai
i?anoieo noiniaii Oe?a?ie i?ney nia?o? A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai, iaoiaee ?
caniae ?o ?aae?caoe??.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ia?aa?a oa iane?aeee ai?iiiai eiioe?eoo i?ae
Oe?a?iith oa Iineianueeith aea?aeaaith a 1658 — 1659 ??. o an?e ?o
iiaiio? oa aaaaoiieaiiaino?.

Noai iaoeiaiai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie. C oiai /ano ye iiae?? oe?a?inueei —
?in?enueei? a?eie 1658 — 1659 ??. noaee ia’?eoii oaaae i?aaenoaaiee?a
oe?a?inueei? oa ?in?enueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? XVIII no. (A.O.I?eea?a,
I.?.Neiiiianueeiai, I.?.??aaeueiaia, aaoi?a «?noi??? ?on?a» oa ?ioeo),
aieiaiei i?aeoiaeii aei ioe?iee oe??? i?iaeaie noaea oae caaia
eiioeaioe?y aaoueiainueei? c?aaee. Nooue ?? iieyaaea a oiio, ui
iniiaiith i?e/eiith a?eie aeciaaaeanue «c?aaea» aaoueiaia ?.Aeaianueeiai
oea?nueeiio i?anoieo. Aoaeo/e oa?iiei «iaaeia?ioioii» oea?nueeiai
i?anoieo, Aeaianueeee i?eeoia aei aeaaee o A?enueeo Caii?icueeiio naia
ca?aaee iiaa?iaiiy Oe?a?ie i?ae aeaaeo Iieueu?. Oeae iaia’?eoeaiee, ia
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiee iineeaiiyie ia a?o?ai? aeieoiaioe, aaeeeiaea?aeaaiee ii
nai?e noo? i?aeo?ae a?oiooaaany ia nai???aeiiio o?aeooaaii?
iai?eoeeueieo aei Aeaianueeiai aeeeaaeao iiae?e eicaoeueeeie
e?oiienoeyie XVII — XVIII no.

O O?O no. oeth eiioeaioe?th ?ic?iaeyee Ae.I.Aaioeo-Eaiainueeee,
I.A.Ia?eaae/, I.I.Eoe?o, I.?.Einoiia?ia, A.A.Aiee-Ea?a/aanueeee,
N.I.Nieiaeia oa ?io?. Aiie aia?oa aaaee a iaoeiaee ia?a iaa?aeii? aei
oiai a?o?ai? iaoa??aee noiniaii ?icaeyaeoaaieo iiae?e, iaaeath/e oei
naiei eiioeaioe?? «c?aaee» a?eueo nie?aeiee iaoeiaee aeaeyae. Aaaaeaiiy
?in?enueeeo a?enuee a Oe?a?io aiie iiynithaaee ia eeoa i?aaiaiiyi
oea?nueeiai i?anoieo caoenoeoe oe?a?inueeee ia?iae a?ae ooene?a
noa?oeie, aea e ?? aaaeaiiyi caiia?aoe oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiio nithco.

O oeae ia??iae oaeiae c’yaeany ?yae i?aoeue, o yeeo aoee aeine?aeaeai?
iaai? aniaeoe /e a?ai? ?icaeyaeoaaieo iiae?e. Iniaeeai ne?ae a?aei?oeoe
?iaioe I.I.Eaca?aanueeiai, ?.Aeueaianueeiai, A.O.Ea?iiaa, A.I.Aeiai?ia,
I.I.Aa?noeiaa oa ?ioeo. Cie?aia, I.I.Eaca?aanueeee, cae?eniea, ia iaoo
aeoieo, iaeoi/i?oo ? iaeaeinoia??i?oo a ?noi??ia?ao?? O?O — ia?oi?
iieiaeie OO no. ?aeiino?oeoe?th Eiiioiinueei? aeoae, a I.?.Einoiia?ia
noai?ea iaea?eueo aeaoaeueia ? a?oioiaia niaoe?aeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiae?e aeiae aaoueiainoaa ?.Aeaianueeiai o a?o/eciyi?e ?noi??ia?ao?? O?O
no., ia iicaaaeaia i?ioa ?yaeo oaeoieia?/ieo iaaei?a/iinoae.

?yae ?in?enueeeo ?noi?ee?a XVIII (I.?.Iia?eia, A.?.Iaie??a) oa XIX
(I.N.Aie?oeei, A.E.Aa?ia oa ?io?) noie?oue, aaaeath/e i?eiaioeoe
cia/aiiy o/ano? eicaoeueeeo a?enuee o Eiiioiinuee?e aeoa? 1659 ?.,
ieoooue, ui aieiaia ?ieue o ia?aiic? nithciee?a iaae ?in?yiaie
iaeaaeeoue oaoa?ai.

I?eiouaiiy i?i oa, ui naia ae?? oea?nueeiai i?anoieo, ni?yiiaai? ia
cai?oaiiy aaoiiii?? Oe?a?ie, cioneee aaoueiaia ?.Aeaianueeiai oeeanoe
nithc ?c Iieueuath oa i?ecaaee aei a?aee?eoiai ca?ieiiai i?ioenoiyiiy
i?ae eicaeaie ? Iineaith, ia?oei na?aae a?o/eciyieo ?noi?ee?a aeneiaea
A.A.Aioiiiae/.

C oe?a?inueeeo aea?aeaaieoeueeeo i?aeoiae?a oa iaaiith aeieath
i?iiieuenueeeo neiiao?e ?icaeyaeaee iiae?? oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei? a?eie
A.?.Aa?anei/oe oa Ae.Ei?aiaoeue. Cie?aia, ?iaioa Aa?anei/oea
«Aeaianueeee ? TH??e Oiaeueieoeueeee» ? ia nueiaiaei? caeeoa?oueny ii
noo? iaeiei c iaeiiai?oeo aeine?aeaeaiue, niaoe?aeueii i?enay/aieo
iie?oe/iei iiae?yi, ui a?aeaoaaeenue a Oe?a?i? i?ney Eiiioiinueei? aeoae
1659 ?.

Inoaoi/ii a?iioaca i?i oa, ui aieiaiith i?e/eiith a?eie i?ae Oe?a?iith
? ?in??th a 1658 — 1659 ??. aoei iaaaaeaiiy eicaoeueei? noa?oeie
ao?a/aoe nai? «aieueiino?», eaeo/e ia iinooiee i?aaiaiiyi io?oe?eii?
Iineae iaiaaeeoe aaoiiii?th eicaoeueei? aea?aeaae oa oea?eae, aoea
iiaeaia o nenoaiaoeciaaiiio aeaeyae? o i?aoeyo A.Ae.A??i/aiea oa
I.N.A?ooaanueeiai.

Aeniain?ii?nonueea iie?oeea ?in?? noiniaii Oe?a?ie o 1658 — 1659 ??.
aoea ei?ioei iienaia a 1930-o ?ieao o caaaeueieo eo?nao ?noi??? Oe?a?ie
Ae.?.Aei?ioaiea, ?.I.E?ei’yeaae/a, I.N.A?ooaanueeiai oa ?ioeo
aeine?aeiee?a. Ae?? Iineae oe? ?noi?eee aaniethoii ni?aaaaeeeai
?icoe?ithaaee ye iinyaaiiy ia noaa?aii? i?aaa Oe?a?ie.

?aaeyinueea ?noi??ia?ao?y e?ioey 1930-o — ii/aoeo 60-o ?ie?a o
o?aeooaaii? oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeeo a?aeiinei 1657 — 1659 ??. oaeoe/ii
iiaa?ioeanue aei eiioeaioe?? aaoueiainueei? «c?aaee». Iiae??
aaoueiainoaa ?.Aeaianueeiai o oeae ia??iae ?icaeyaeathoueny eeoa o aeaio
?aeo?nao: o eiioaeno? iieaco iineeaiiy eeaniaeo noia?a/iinoae ?
?icai?oaiiy nioe?aeueieo ?oo?a o oiai/ani?e Oe?a?i? (E.?.Noaoethe,
I.I.Aiaiiae/) oa o eiioaeno? ai?ioueae i?ae ?in??th ? Iieueuath ca
oe?a?inuee? caie? (I.?.Ia?/aiei, ?.A.A?aeia, E.A.Ie?eiee). Iaaio oaaao
oiaeo a?enueeiaeo ae?e i?ae aaoueiainueeeie oa oea?nueeeie a?enueeaie a
Oe?a?i? o 1658 — 1659 ??. o ?aaeyinuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? i?eae?eeee o
nai?o ?iaioao eeoa I.I.Aiaiiae/ oa E.A.Ie?eiee. C na?aaeeie 1960-o aei
e?ioey 80-o ?ie?a oey i?iaeaia ?aaeyinueeith ?noi?e/iith iaoeith
oaeoe/ii ia aeine?aeaeoaaeanue.

Oe?a?inueea caei?aeiiia ?noi??ia?ao?y (N.I?oei,
I.Ae.Iieiinueea-Aaneeaiei, I.A?ee oa ?io?) i?e aeine?aeaeaii?
aaoueiaioaaiiy ?.Aeaianueeiai iniiaio oaaao i?eae?eyea i?iaeai?
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai nithco, a ia a?enueeiaei aniaeoai
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeeo a?aeiinei.

No/ani? ?in?enuee? ?noi?eee (A.A.Ea?aaeia, A.A.Iioeaae?i), aeciath/e
oie oaeo, ui iaoith ai?iieo ae?e a Oe?a?i? aoei ?aaeueia iaieiae?iiy
e?a?iith ?in?enueeith aeaaeith ? ui naia ?in?yie ?icii/aee ?aaoey?i?
a?enueeia? ae??, ana ae aaaaeathoue, ui o ?ica’ycaii? a?eie aeiai
Aeaianueeee, yeee nii/aoeo aac caiaee Iineae i?eaeooea iianoaiiy
I.Iooea?y, a caiaeii ? acaaae? «c?aaeea» ??, oeeaaoe aeiaia?? c
Iieueuath. Oaeoe/ii aiie i?eo?eiothoueny iieaaoaiiai aa??aioo
aei?aaiethoe?eiiai aaeeeiaea?aeaaiiai i?aeoiaeo noiniaii Oe?a?ie, ia
aeciath/e ca iath a i?eioeei? iiaeeeaino? iacaeaaeiiai aea?aeaaiiai
?icaeoeo o ?icaeyaeoaaiee ia??iae.

O no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? c’yaeany ?yae ?ia?o, ye? c oiai
/e ?ioiai iiaeyaeo ?icaeyaeathoue i?iaeaie, iia’ycai? c
aeine?aeaeoaaiith oaiith. Cie?aia, A.A.Niie?e oa A.N.Noaiaieia
cai?iiiioaaee iiao ia??iaeecaoe?th Oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii?
?aaiethoe?? XVII no. Ca?aeii ?? nei?aaiaaiiai aa??aioo, iiae??
?icaeyaeoaaii? iaie a?eie a?aeiinyoueny aei o?aoueiai ia??iaeo
?aaiethoe?? (aa?anaiue 1657 — /a?aaiue1663 ??.), i?ioa o iaaeao oeueiai
ia??iaeo aaoi?e ia??iaeecaoe?? niaoe?aeueii ?? ia aeae?eythoue.
A?aecia/ath/e iaiaaaiiy ?in?enueeiai o?yaeo iaiaaeeoe noaa?aii? i?aaa
Oe?a?ie, aeine?aeieee i?aee?aneththoue, ui ?.Aeaianueeee nai?ie
iai?iaeoiaieie ae?yie oa i?ioaiiyie o oea?y aeiiiiiae i?ioe iianoaioe?a
nai noeeea Iineao aei ao?o/aiiy o aioo??oi? ni?aae Oe?a?ie.

A.E.Ai?enaiei oa A.I.Aieiaooeueeee o nai?o ?iaioao ni?aaaaeeeai
aeoeaiooaaee oaaao ia iaiaaaiiyo ?in?enueeiai i?anoieo aeei?enoaoe
nioe?aeueia iai?oaeaiiy a Oe?a?i? aeey aeinyaiaiiy nai?o
aeniain?ii?nonueeeo oe?eae. TH.A.Ieoeee, I.I.Aiaiiae/, I.?.Ioo?i oa
?.E.Aooe/ oe?eeii neooii iaaieioothoue, ui naia ao?o/aiiy ?in?? o
aioo??oi? ni?aae Oe?a?ie cioneei oe?a?inueeee o?yae ci?ieoe
ciai?oiueiiie?oe/i? i???ioaoe?? oa i?ecaaei aei oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei?
a?eie. O ?iaioao A.?.Na?a?e/oea oa ?.N.Noi?iaeaiea aoei aeaoaeueii
aena?oeaii no?oeoo?o eicaoeueeiai a?enueea oa ai?iia ienoaoeoai
eicaoeoaa na?aaeeie XVII no.

Niaoe?aeueii eiiieaenii i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo ?c ciai?oiueiiie?oe/ieie
aniaeoaie aaoueiainoaa ?.Aeaianueeiai, o no/ani?e a?o/eciyi?e
?noi??ia?ao?? caeiathoueny O.A.sseiaeaaa oa A.I.Ai?iaaoeue.
O.A.sseiaeaaa a?aoiaioiaaii, ia iniia? oaeo?a aeiaiaeeoue, ui aieiaiith
i?e/eiith ci?ie ciai?oiueiiie?oe/ii? i???ioaoe?? aaoueiainueeiai o?yaeo
c Iineae ia Aa?oaao aoei iineeaiiy aaeeeiaea?aeaaiiai oeneo c aieo
oea?nueeiai i?anoieo. A.I.Ai?iaaoeue aaaaea?, ui ?in?enueei-oe?a?inueeee
ca?ieiee eiioe?eo ni?e/eieee iai??e Iineae acyoe i?ae na?e
aaciina?aaei?e eiio?ieue oe?a?inueeo aeaaeo oa i?aeo?eiea iath
aioeaaoueiainueei? iiiceoe??. I?ioa a?enueeiaei noi?iiai
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeeo a?aeiinei oeueiai ia??iaeo aeine?aeieee
i?eae?eeee iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae.

Ie?ai? aniaeoe oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeeo a?aeiinei oeueiai ia??iaeo o
nai?o i?aoeyo ?icaeyaeaee oaeiae E.A.Iaeueiee, A.I.Oaa/oe, I.?.Ao?ae?e,
O.A.*ooe?a oa ?io? aeine?aeieee.

Aiae?c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/eoue, ui i?iaeaia
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei? a?eie 1658-1659 ??. ia aoea i?aaeiaoii
niaoe?aeueiiai eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a ?noi??ia?ao??, a oiio
iio?aao? a?oioiaii? ?ic?iaee ? aea/aiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o eiiieaeni?e ?ic?iaoe? ia?aa?ao iiae?e
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei? a?eie 1658 — 1659 ??. ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?
e?eoe/iiai ia?ainieneaiiy on?o aeinooiieo aeaea?ae oa iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?e oa ni?ia? aecia/eoe ?? i?noea o nenoai? oiai/anieo
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeeo oa ?a?iiaenueeeo a?aeiinei.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe oae? iniiai?
caaaeaiiy:

1. ?ice?eoe ia?aaeoiiae ? i?e/eie a?eie ye a ?aieao aeainoi?iii?o
a?aeiinei, oae ? a eiioaeno? caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeeo i?ioean?a;

2. Aeyaeoe oa i?iaiae?coaaoe iaoiaee ? iaoai?cie, ye? oea?nueeee o?yae
canoiniaoaaa aeey aeinyaiaiiy nai?o iie?oe/ieo oe?eae a Oe?a?i?;

3. C’ynoaaoe no?aoaa?/i? e oaeoe/i? ieaie, ye? noaaeea ia?aae niaith
?in?enueea aea?aeaaa oa Oe?a?ia noiniaii iaeei iaeiiai o oeae ia??iae;

4. ?ic?iaeoe ia??iaeecaoe?th a?eie oa i?iaanoe nenoaiaoe/iee ?
aeaoaeueiee ?ica?? ia?aa?ao ai?iieo ae?e: aieiaieo iioiae?a a?enuee,
iniiaieo aeoa oa iaeia;

5. ?aeiino?othaaoe eia?eo ae?e ? c’ynoaaoe oe?e? oa caaaeaiiy noi??i
i?ae /an aeeieiiaoe/ieo ia?aaiai??a ye iaia?aaeiaei? a?eie, oae ? a
oiae? ?icai?oaiiy ai?iieo ae?e;

6. Aecia/eoe iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ? iane?aeee a?eie aeey eiaeii? ?c
noi??i oa ?o aieea ia ?icnoaiiaeo nee ia oiai/ani?e ?a?iiaenuee?e
iie?oe/i?e a?ai?.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiy ioiieththoue ia??iae na?iiy 1657 —
na?iiy 1659 ??. O na?ii? 1657 ?. A?enueei Caii?icueea i/ieea iiaee
aaoueiai — ?.Aeaianueeee, a ?in?enueea aea?aeaaa aeoea?coaaea nai?
coneeey ii anoaiiaeaiith ?aaeueiiai a?enueeiai-iie?oe/iiai eiio?ieth
iaae Oe?a?iith. O na?ii? 1659 ?. cae?i/eeenue ?aaoey?i? a?enueeia? ae??
a?eie, yea o i?aenoieo caaa?oeeanue iie?oe/iith ii?aceith eicaoeoaa.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith ?iaioe ? ii?aeiaiiy aeaio eiioeaiooaeueieo
i?aeoiae?a o aeine?aeaeaii? ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano: iiceoea?nonueei?
eiioeaioe?? ?noi?e/iiai i?ciaiiy, iniiaiei i?eioeeiii yei? ?
ia’?eoeai?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa eiioeaioe?? eieaeueieo oeea?e?caoe?e
(ca O.A?iaeaeai, A.Oieia?, E.I.Aoi?eueiaei). O nai?io aeine?aeaeaii?
aaoi? aeoiaeeoue c ia?aeiiaiiy, ui eeoa aea/aiiy oa aiae?c yeiiiaa
oe?oiai ianeao aeieoiaio?a, ye? noinothoueny ia?aii? oaie, i?e
aeio?eiaii? no?iai e?eoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei ieo iiaeooue aeaoe
ia’?eoeaia ciaiiy i?i ieioea.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaith aeey ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue, iinoaaeaieo
o aeine?aeaeaii?, ? aeei?enoaiiy e?eueeio caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo iaoiae?a
i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? — ?noi?e/iiai, eia?ei-oai?aoe/iiai oa iaoiaeo
noiaeaeaiiy a?ae eiie?aoiiai aei aano?aeoiiai (?iaeoeoeaiiai) o ?o
ae?aeaeoe/i?e ?aeiino? oa aca?iiaeiiiaithaaiino?.

I?ae /an ae??oaiiy eiie?aoieo caaaeaiue o oiae? naiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue niaoe?aeueii-?noi?e/i? iaoiaee. Ca aeiiiiiaith
?noi?eei-aaiaoe/iiai iaoiaeo, yeee aea/a? ?noi?e/i? yaeua o i?ioean? ?o
?icaeoeo, a ?iaio? aiae?coaaeanue aeeiai?ea ?icaeoeo ?in?enueei?
iie?oeee noiniaii Oe?a?ie a cacia/aiee ia??iae, aeyaeyeenue
caeiiii??iino? ? i?e/eiii-iane?aeeia? ca’ycee oe??? iie?oeee oa
aeine?aeaeoaaeanue eia?ea ae?e noi??i o oiae? a?eie.
?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiee iaoiae aeicaieea i?inoaaeeoe ca’ycie
aeine?aeaeoaaieo iiae?e ?c no/anieie ?i caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeeie
i?ioeanaie oa iieacaoe i?noea Oe?a?ie ? ?in?? o oiai/anieo aaiiie?oe/ieo
?aae?yo ?a?iiaenueeiai eiioeiaioo. A ie?aieo aeiaaeeao, eiee eia?ea
?icaeoeo iiae?e aoea i/aaeaeiith, aea /a?ac a?aenooi?noue /e
iaaeinooii?noue aeieoiaio?a ia iaea aeinoaoiueiai aeieoiaioaeueiiai
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy, canoiniaoaaany iaoiae ?noi?e/ii? ?aeiino?oeoe??.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeena?oaoe?? neeaaeathoue iaiioae?eiaai? a?o?ai?
iaoa??aee oa a?oaia?ao?/i? ioae?eaoe??. Iaea?eueo oe?iieie aeey
aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie ? oiiaee ?in?enueeiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao aeaai?o
aeo?a o Iinea?. O ia?oo /a?ao oea iaoa??aee ?ic?yaeiiai i?eeaco (o.210),
aea caa??aa?oueny eenooaaiiy ?in?enueeiai o?yaeo c i?eei?aeiiieie oa
iineaieie a Oe?a?io ai?aiaeaie, ?ino?oeoe?? oa iaeace ?i, ye?
a?aeaeaathoue iioi/i? oa no?aoaa?/i? ieaie oea?nueeiai i?anoieo noiniaii
Oe?a?ie; Iaei?in?enueeiai i?eeaco (o.229) ? Iaei?in?enueeeo ni?aa
(o.124) — eenooaaiiy i?ae oea?nueeei oa aaoueiainueeei o?yaeaie,
iaoa??aee iinieuenoa, ca yeeie iiaeia i?inoaaeeoe ci?io noaaeaiiy
io?oe?eii? Iineae aei o?yaeo ?.Aeaianueeiai; I?eeaco oa?iieo ni?aa
(o.27), aea c?a?aii iniiaio /anoeio iaoa??ae?a, ye? aena?oeththoue
oea?nueeo iie?oeeo uiaei eicaoeoaa o A?ei?on??.

Ie?ai? iaoa??aee, ui noinothoueny aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie, ciaoiaeyoueny
a oiiaeao «?noi?e/i? iaoa??aee» (o.2), Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo (o.8),
A?o?ao AI Oe?a?ie (o.10) ?inoeoooo ?oeiien?a Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee
Oe?a?ie ?i.A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai oa oiiaeao Iaa?nueeiai Eoaainueeiai
iiianoe?y (o.137) ? Eioaeoeueei? i?nueei? ?aooo? (o.1528) Oeaio?aeueiiai
aea?aeaaiiai ?noi?e/iiai a?o?ao Oe?a?ie o i.Ee?a?. A iniiaiiio oea
aeieoiaioe, ye? iia’ycai? c iniiaiith oaiith aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiina?aaeeiaaii, aea aeineoue yne?aai ?ethno?othoue oa?aeoa? ai?iieo
ae?e, iai?eeeaae, caiene a ?aoooieo eieaao nea?a i?i a?aaoiee
?in?enueeeo a?enuee oa neia?aenueeeo eicae?a, /ieiaeoi? c i?ioaiiyie
aeicaieeoe iiooe acyoeo ?in?yiaie o iieii ?iaee/?a oiui.

O oiiaeao Aieiaiiai a?o?ao aeaai?o aeo?a o Aa?oaa? caa??aa?oueny
aeeieiiaoe/ia eenooaaiiy iieuenueeiai ? e?einueeiai aeai??a ca 1658 —
1659 ??., cie?aia ? i?i oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeee eiioe?eo (o.3: A?o?a
ei?iiiee aa?oaanueeee), oa aeieoiaioe, iia’ycai? c eicaoeueeeie
iinieuenoaaie aei Aa?oaae o oeae ia??iae (o.4: Iao?eea ei?iiia). Ie?ai?
aeieoiaioe i?i ieaie ?in?? uiaei Oe?a?ie i?ney nia?o? A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai
ciaoiaeyoueny o a?aeae?e? ?oeiien?a A?ae?ioaee iocath *a?oi?eenueeeo o
E?aeia? (iae.ca.1657). Oe? aeieoiaioe ? aeineoue oaiaeaioe?eieie uiaei
ioe?iie iiae?e a Oe?a?i?. O ieo /anoi iaaiaeyoueny ia?aa?eueoai? aeai?
i?i o/anoue iieye?a ? oaoa? o iiae?yo ?icaeyaeoaaii? a?eie, oiio, ii
iiaeeeaino?, ?o iaiao?aeii ca??yoe c aeaieie aeaea?ae ?in?enueeiai
iioiaeaeaiiy. Aea aeieoiaioe c iieuenueeeo a?o?a?a aeineoue oi/ii
?ice?eaathoue iie?oeeo io?oe?eieo e?e Aa?oaae ? Aao/ena?ath aei iiae?e
1658 — 1659 ??. a Oe?a?i?. Oe?eaa? aeai? i?i iiae?? 1657 — 1659 ??. a
Oe?a?i? i?noyoueny o c?a?aii? A?aeae?eo i?e?io?euei?a Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a?ae?ioaee o Aa?oaa?, aea caa??aathoueny oae caai? «eaoth/? eenoee», o
yeeo ioae?eoaaeanue iioi/ia iie?oe/ia ?ioi?iaoe?y c ??cieo e?a?i ?a?iie,
cie?aia ? c Oe?a?ie. Oe? aeieoiaioe oe?ii? oei, ui a?aeaeaathoue aa/aiiy
?icaeyaeoaaieo iaie iiae?e cao?aeii?a?iiaeoeyie.

Na?aae iioae?eiaaieo aeieoiaio?a iaea?eueo oe?ii? aeey ?ic?iaee
cacia/aii? oaie i?noyoueny o 4, 7, 15 oiiao «Aeoia, ioiinyueony e
enoi?ee THaeiie e Caiaaeiie ?innee», o 2 oii? «Aeoia Iineianeiai
ainoaea?noaa», o 3 oii? «Iaiyoieeia, ecaeaaaaiuo A?aiaiiie Eiienneae
aeey ?acai?a ae?aaieo aeoia» oa o «Aeiiieiaieyo e oiio ???-io
Aeai?oeiauo ?ac?yaeia».

?yae aaaeeeaeo aeieoiaio?a c aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee c?a?aee oa
iioae?eoaaee A.?.Aa?anei/oe, I.Naioiia, TH.A.Ieoeee, E.Eoaaea,
N.Oiiaoaanueeee, Ae.I.Aaioeo-Eaiaineee, ?.E.Aooe/ oa Ae.Ieyi/ei.

?nio? oaeiae ?yae a?oaia?ao?/ieo aeaeaiue, o yeeo iioae?eiaai?
aeieoiaioe c ie?aieo aniaeo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, cie?aia: «Aeou,
ioiinyueany e enoi?ee Aienea Aeiineiai» (O.1.); «Aeou Oaaaeneiai
Ainoaea?noaaiiiai A?oeaa, ioiinyueany e enoi?ee Iaei?innee»; «Aaei?onney
a yiioo oaiaeaeecia» (O.2.); «Aeiineea aeaea» (Ei.5.); «Volumina Legum»
(O.IV.); «Lettres de Pierre des Noyers secretaire de la reine de Pologne
Marie-Louise de Gonzague» oa aeaye? ?io?.

E??i aeieoiaioaeueieo, o aeena?oaoe?? oaeiae aeei?enoiaoaaeenue
ia?aoeai? aeaea?aea: uiaeaiiee aeaonueeiai iinieuenoaa 1659 ?. a Iineao,
neeaaeaiee iinieuenueeei nae?aoa?ai A.?iaea, niiaaaee iena?y
iieuenueeiai iinea aei aaoueiaia Aeaianueeiai N.E.Aaiaanueeiai
E.Ia?aoyoeiae/a oa ?io?.

Aaaeeeaeie aeaea?aeaie, aeei?enoaieie i?e i?aeaioiaoe? aeena?oaoe??,
aoee e?oiiene a?o/eciyieo (O.Naoiiiae/, Naiiaeaeaoeue, A.A?aayiea,
N.Aaee/ei), oo?aoeueeiai (Ia?ia) oa iieuenueeeo (?.??ee/, A.Eioianueeee)
e?oiienoe?a. Oe? aeaea?aea oe?ii? o ia?oo /a?ao oei , ui a ieo iiaeaii
??ci? aa?n?? iieno aieiaii? aeoae a?eie — Eiiioiinueei? 1659 ?.
Iaaeie?eii on?o e?oiien?a ? noa’?eoeai?noue ?o aaoi??a a ioe?ieao
iiae?e, a oiio iaaaaeai? a ieo oaeoe ne?ae ii i??? iiaeeeaino?
ia?aa??yoe ?ioeie aeieoiaioaie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oiio, ui aaoi? aia?oa a
?noi??ia?ao?? eiiieaenii aeine?aeaeo? oa eiioeaiooaeueii inieneth?
ia?aa?a oa iane?aeee oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei? a?eie 1658 — 1659 ??.,
?icaeyaeath/e ?? ye ie?aio ?noi?e/io i?iaeaio. Ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy
iai?aoeueiaaiiai a ?noi?e/i?e iaooe? iaoa??aeo oa iiaeo aeieoiaio?a
ai?ii? iiae?? 1658 — 1659??. o ?iaio? ?icaeyaeathoueny ia c oi/ee ci?o
?icai?oaiiy nioe?aeueieo ?oo?a a Oe?a?i? ? ia a eiioaeno?
?in?enueei-iieuenueei? ai?ioueae /e oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei —
i?aeoiae?a, o?aaeeoe?eieo aeey a?o/eciyii? ?noi??ia?ao??, a a ?ic??c?
eiioe?eoo oe?a?inueeeo ? ?in?enueeeo ?ioa?an?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o oiio, ui ?? iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? iaoeiaoeyie i?e
inieneaii? oa ?ic?iaoe? eiiieaeno i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c aeine?aeaeaiiyi
?icaeoeo oa caiaiaaeo Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae a OVII no. Iaoa??aee
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue oaeiae noaoe a i?eaiae? i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
ocaaaeueithth/eo oa niaoe?aeueieo i?aoeue c a?enueeiai? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie,
?noi??? ciai?oi?o ciinei, ?noi??? Oe?a?ie OVII no., a oaeiae i?e
iaienaii? i?ae?o/iee?a, iiioey?ieo ia?en?a, i?e /eoaii? ii?iaoeaieo
eo?n?a ? niaoeeo?n?a c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeanue o oi?i?
aeiiia?aeae ia ?yae? iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e, cie?aia, i?enay/aieo iai’yo?
I.Einoiia?iaa (E.,1995), 130-??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy I.A?ooaanueeiai
(E.,1996) oa 350-??//th ii/aoeo Iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aaiethoe?? (E.,1998).
Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ?
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ?noi?e/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i.I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, a oaeiae aoee ii?eethaeiai? a aaoi?nueeeo
ioae?eaoe?yo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O Ia?oiio ?icae?e? «?noi?e/i? ia?aaeoiiae oa ia?aaeaeaiue
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei? a?eie 1658-1659 ??.» ?ice?eoi ia?aaeoiiae oa
i?e/eie a?eie; ?icaeyiooi iie?oeeo ?in?enueei? aea?aeaae noiniaii
Oe?a?ie o ia?oee ??e i?ney nia?o? aaoueiaia A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai.

Ia?aaeoiiae ? i?e/eie oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei? a?eie 1658 — 1659 ??. o
aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaeathoueny ia eeoa a eiioaeno? aeainoi?iii?o
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeeo a?aeiinei, aea e o caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiio
eiioaeno?. Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ia?aaeoiiae a?eie iathoue aeae?eueea
??ai?a.

Ia?oee ??aaiue iia’ycaiee c aeoea?caoe??th o oeae ia??iae coneeue
?in?enueei? aea?aeaae ? iieiaeiai ?in?enueeiai noia?aoiino ii iiooeo
i?e?iaeieo, i?eaeaoieo aeey iai?iie ei?aeii?a oa aecia/aiiyi aeaniiai
i?noey o aaiiie?oe/iiio i?inoi?? ia noiae? ?a?iie. Ia i?aaeaiiiio
caoiae? i?e?iaeiei ei?aeiiii ?in?? o Iinea? aaaaeaee ocaa?aaeaey *i?iiai
ii?y, aeeoe ia yea aoei iiaeeeai, eeoa anoaiiaeaoe iiia?aaeiuei
a?enueeiai-iie?oe/iee eiio?ieue iaae Oe?a?iith.

Ae?oaee ??aaiue ia?aaeoiia oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei? a?eie 1658 — 1659
??. iia’ycaiee ?c oeea?e?caoe?eiei i?ioenoiyiiyi i?ae ?in??th ?
?a?iiith. ?in?th ia aeaooiaoaaei oa, ui caie? ia ?? cao?aeiiio ei?aeii?
ia?aaoaaee i?ae eiio?ieai aea?aeaa, ui aoee /anoeiaie ?ioi? — cao?aeii?
oeea?e?caoe??. Aaeee? ?a?iiaenuee? aea?aeaae, o naith /a?ao, ia aaaeaee
aeiioneaoe ia ?a?iiaenueeo iie?oe/io a?aio neeueiiai eiieo?aioa, a oiio
oaeoe/ii i?iaiaeeee iie?oeeo ?cieyoe?? ?in??. Ei?enooth/enue ii?ooaiiyi
aaeaino nee ia noiae? ?a?iie, ?in?y o na?aaeei? XVII no. a?aeiiaeea
ai?ioueao c Iieueuath ca aaaaiii?th a oeueiio ?aa?ii?. Oe?a?ia ae,
anoaiiaeoe ?aaeueiee eiio?ieue iaae yeith Iineaa i?aaioea i?ae /an
a?eie 1658 — 1659 ??., aoea e?a?iith, aieiae?iiy yeith aeaaaei
aaiiie?oe/io ia?aaaao o No?aei?e ?a?ii? a oe?eiio.

O?ao?e ??aaiue ia?aaeoiia a?eie iia’ycaiee ?c aeaai?ie i?aoaic?yie
Iineae ia ?ieue ?noi?e/ii? niaaeei?ieoe? Ee?anueei? ?on? oa ?aeeiiai
oeaio?o ia’?aeiaiiy an?o «?onueeeo», on?o i?aaineaaieo ? iaa?oue on?o
neia’yinueeeo caiaeue, ye? c iiaith neeith iaeeee i?e aeai?? Ieaen?y
Ieoaeeiae/a a 50-o ??. XVII no. ?aeaieia?/ii oeae ciai?oiueiiie?oe/iee
eo?n iaa?oioiaoaaany ian?ainueeith ?aea?th i?i oa, ui eeoa ?in?y
caeeoeeanue ?aeeiei oeaio?ii ?noeiiiai o?enoeyinueeiai a??ia/aiiy e
?in?enueea aea?aeaaa ia? caoeuaoe i?aaineaaio a??o oa i?aaineaaieo
?aeeiia??oe?a o anueiio na?o?. Oaeei /eiii, a?eia ca ?aaeueiee eiio?ieue
iaae Oe?a?iith a 1658 — 1659 ??. aoea aeey iineianueei? aa?o?aee
iaei??th c ia?oeo ni?ia ?aae?coaaoe ia i?aeoeoe? aeieaeai? iath ?aea?
ia’?aeiaiiy a iaei?e aea?aeaa? an?o i?aaineaaieo ?aeeiia??oe?a.

*aoaa?oee ??aaiue ia?aaeoiia a?eie iia’ycaiee c ?nioaaiiyi ia
oiai/aniiio ?a?iiaenueeiio eiioeiaio? aeaio ai?iaeeo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oeeaae?a — ao?aeoaciiai oa oaiaeaeueiiai. Iiyaa
? aeoeaiee ??no a Oe?a?i? ia?inoe?a ao?aeoacieo a?aeiinei o ?acoeueoao?
Iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aaiethoe?? 1648 ?. aeeeeeaee na?eicia caiaiiei?iiy a
?in??, aea oaiaeaeuei? a?aeiineie aoee iai?aieie. ?aaiethoe?eia
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia oa iie?oe/ia aeueoa?iaoeaa, yea aeieeea ii?yae c
?in?enueeeie ei?aeiiaie, a c 1654 ?. oi?iaeueii ?nioaaea ? a ?o iaaeao,
aoea aeey Iineianueeiai oea?noaa aaiaoe/ii /oaeei, iai?eeiyoiei yaeuai,
ui caa?iaeoaaei naiei i?aeaaeeiai ?in?enueei? aea?aeaaii? nenoaie ye
oe?aeeeaee i?eeeaae «aieueiinoae» ? «naiaiae». Oiio iaaeiiouaiiy
?icaeoeo ao?aeoacieo oaiaeaioe?e a Oe?a?i? oa iine?aeiaia iie?oeea,
ni?yiiaaia ia ?o cai?oaiiy oa e?ea?aeaoe?th, ia’?eoeaii aoee aaaeeeaei
caaaeaiiyi ?in?enueei? iiia?o??, ?aae?caoe?th yeiai aiia ieaioaaea
?icii/aoe i?ney nia?o? A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai.

Aieiaiith i?e/eiith ci?ie eo?no ?in?enueei? aea?aeaae uiaei Oe?a?ie
ae?oeo 1657 ?. aoei aeeaiea iaaaeiaieaiiy iineianueeiai o?yaeo oei, ui
aei oeueiai /ano ia aoei anoaiiaeaii ?aaeueiiai eiio?ieth iaae
oa?eoi???th A?enueea Caii?icueeiai, a oe?a?inueea ea??aieoeoai
iine?aeiaii ooeeyeiny a?ae aeeiiaiiy iieiaeaiue aeiaiai?o 1654 ?. i?i
iaiaaeaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo ciinei aaoueiainueeiai o?yaeo oa cae?aiiy
iiaeaoe?a o oea?nueeo nea?aieoeth.

Nooue iiai? iie?oe/ii? e?i?? oea?nueeiai o?yaeo noiniaii Oe?a?ie
iieyaaea a iaaeiiouaii? noaa?e?caoe?? aea?aeaaii-iie?oe/ii? nenoaie
Oe?a?ie oa oei??iaiiy iacaeaaeieoeueeeo o?aaeeoe?e oi?aae?iiy e?a?iith.
Iniiaiei i?ioe??//yi, yea i?ecaaei aei oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei? a?eie, ia
iaoo aeoieo, aoei i?ioe??//y i?ae i?aaiaiiyi oe?a?inueei? i?aaey/i?
ae?oe ?icaoaeoaaoe iaoe?iiaeueio aea?aeaao oa aaaeaiiyi oea?nueeiai
i?anoieo aa/eoe oe?a?inuee? caie? aeeeth/ii iaa?ae’?iiith neeaaeiaith
/anoeiith ?in?enueei? aea?aeaae.

Aaoi?ii iiaoaeiaaia a??ia?aeia iiaeaeue iniiaieo caaaeaiue, ye? noi?iie
i?aaioee ae??oeoe a oiae? a?eie:

— ?aae?coaaoe nai? aa/aiiy oaiaee 1654 ?., i?e?aeiaaoe Oe?a?io ia eeoa
oi?iaeueii (noaoon iii?iaeueiiai aanae?oaoo), aea e oaeoe/ii,
anoaiiaeaoe a?enueeiai-iie?oe/iee eiio?ieue iaae ?? oa?eoi???th oeyoii
aaaaeaiiy ?in?enueeeo aa?i?cii?a a oe?a?inuee? i?noa oa io?eiaiiy
iiaeeeaino? aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaaoe ia eaae?iao iie?oeeo ia
eicaoeueeiio aeaaeiiio Ie?ii?;

— iieeanoe e?ae ?nioaaiith naiino?eii?, a?aei?iii? a?ae iineianueei?,
iie?oeee oe?a?inueeiai o?yaeo;

— caoceoe aeaaei? iiaiiaaaeaiiy aaoueiainueeiai o?yaeo uiaei
aioo??oiueiai aeeooy e?a?ie /a?ac ?o ia?a?iciiae?e ia ei?enoue
oea?nueeeo ai?aiae ? i?uainoaa oa caaacia/eoe nia? i?yiee aeinooi aei
oe?a?inueeeo iaoa??aeueieo, o?iainiaeo oa ethaenueeeo ?ano?n?a;

— aeo?nieoe eicae?a c i?aaeaiieo ?aeii?a A?ei?on??, aea aiie ii/aee
oe??iethaaoenue, neeaaeath/e eiieo?aioe?th ?in?yiai;

— iineaaeoe aaiiie?oe/i? oa aeiiii?/i? iiceoe?? ?a/? Iiniieeoi? ye
«a?/iiai ai?iaa» ? iniiaiiai eiieo?aioa a ai?iouea? ca iaioaaiiy a
No?aei?e ?a?ii? oa ii/aoe ?aae?caoe?th ieai?a ia’?aeiaiiy an?o
«?onueeeo», a oaeiae ?ioeo i?aaineaaieo caiaeue a iaei?e aea?aeaa?.

Ia?aae Oe?a?iith o oe?e neooaoe?? noiyee a?eueo ne?iii? caaaeaiiy:
a?aenoiyoe nai? i?aai iaeaaeaoe aei ?a?iiaenueeiai na?oo; ia aeaoe
?in?enueeiio i?anoieo ?icii/aoe i?ioean ?ioaa?aoe?? A?enueea
Caii?icueeiai o na?o «Iineia?y»; a?aenoiyoe i?aai i?iaiaeeoe naiino?eio,
iacaeaaeio ciai?oith ? aioo??oith iie?oeeo; a?aenoiyoe nai?
«aieueiino?», oiaoi i?aai i?aai?ciaoaaoe aeania aeeooy ia iniia?
o?aaeeoe?eieo aeey Oe?a?ie aeaiie?aoe/ieo, ?anioae?eainueeeo oe?iiinoae.

?ioi?iaoe?th i?i nia?oue aaoueiaia A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai 27 eeiiy 1657 ?.
o Iinea? ni?eeiyee ye neaiae aei ii/aoeo ??oo/eo ae?e ii cae??ieaiith
nai?o iiceoe?e a Oe?a?i?. ?ic?aoiaoth/e aeoeaii ao?ooeoenue o aeai?e
aaoueiaia oa ieo?iiieeoa e iaa’ycaoe noa?oei? naith aieth a oeueiio
ieoaii?, oea?nueeee i?anoie oaea a na?ii? 1657 ?. iineaa a Oe?a?io aeaio
iine?a — A.I.E?e?ia oa A.N.Iaoa??aa, a oaeiae ei.A.A.?iiiaeaiianueeiai c
a?enueeii. Aiie iaee caaacia/eoe aaaeaiee ?in?? noeaia??e aeai??a
aaoueiaia oa i?aeaiooaaoe ianaeaiiy aei aaaaeaiiy ai?aiae. Io?oe?eia
Iineaa ?iaeea ana iiaeeeaa, uia aeei?enoaoe iaoco i?aeaaoueiainoaa e
cioneoe oe?a?inueeee o?yae i?eeiaoe aaaeeea? iie?oe/i? ??oaiiy eeoa i?ae
eiio?ieai ?? i?aaenoaaiee?a.

Aea?aeaaieoeueee iaeaooiaaia /anoeia noa?oeie ?icoi?ea, ui caoyaoaaiiy
ia??iaeo i?aeaaoueiainoaa ni?ey? iineeaiith iiceoe?e ?in?? a Oe?a?i?.
Oiio aiia i?iaaea aeai?e aaoueiaia ia noa?oeinuee?e, a ia ia caaaeuei?e
?aae?, ine?eueee noa?oeinueea ?aaea e?aua a?aeiia?aeaea ?ica’ycaiith
aieiaiiai ia oie /an iie?oe/iiai caaaeaiiy — ia?aoe aaoueiaia ia
aeani?e, a ia i?aai?ciaai?e ?in?enueeei o?yaeii ?aae? ? aac o/ano? a i?e
niaoe?aeueiiai oea?nueeiai iineaioey ei.I.I.O?oaaoeueeiai. 26 na?iiy
aaoueiaiii A?enueea Caii?icueeiai aoa ia?aiee ?.Aeaianueeee.

Oea?nueeee i?anoie aeey aeinyaiaiiy nai?o oe?eae ae??oea cae?enieoe
aeeieiiaoe/iee oene ia aaoueiainueeee o?yae. A?i i?i?aii?oaaa ia?aiiy
?.Aeaianueeiai aaoueiaiii, ia?aeaeueii, /a?ac naiai iineaioey
A.N.Iaoa??aa cai?iiiioaaaoe *eae?eio «noaoo?» («ioieoe») c aeeeaaeii
iniiaieo iieiaeaiue iiaiai aa/aiiy ?in?enueeei i?anoieii
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeeo a?aeiinei: 1) o iaea?eueoeo oe?a?inueeeo i?noao
iathoue noiyoe oea?nuee? ai?aiaee c a?enueeii, oo?eioaaoenue aiie
iiaeii? ca ?aooiie i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy; 2) iiaeaoee c i?aiaee,
aeioiae?a ? ieei?a iathoue iaaeoiaeeoe aei oea?nueei? nea?aieoe?; 3)
e?euee?noue ?a?no?iaeo eicae?a ia? aooe nei?i/aia aei 10-40 oen./ie.; 4)
iaaeae? eaiaeeaeaoo?o aaoueiaia ocaiaeaeoaaoe c oea?ai; 5) ia?aiiai
Ee?anueeiai ieo?iiieeoa iaia’yceiai iineeaoe ia iinay/aiiy aei
Iineianueeiai Iao??a?oa oiui.

?aii?oaaiiy ?in??th ??oaiue *eae?einueei? ?aaee iaei aeanoaa?e?coth/ee
aieea ia neooaoe?th a Oe?a?i?. «Ioieoe» ca/?iaee ?ioa?ane an?o aa?noa
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, a oiio a oe?eiio aoee ni?eeiyo? c iao?aiiyi ?
?icoe?iai? ye ni?iaa ianooio ?in?? ia nioe?aeuei? caaithaaiiy ian.

Eeoa i?ney iaeiinoaeii? i?aeo?eiee ? noaaeaiiy o/anieeaie Ei?noinueei?
?aaee (aeiaoaiue 1657 ?.) iie?oe/iiai eo?no aaoueiaia uiaei ?in??,
ni?yiiaaiiai ia caoeno oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? e iai?iio eicaoeueeeo
aieueiinoae (ia ?aae? aoei ae??oaii: «oea?nuee?e aaee/iino? aieue nai?o
ia onooiei ? ai?aiae eiai oe.a. ia oi/aii»), oa iineeaiiy
aioeiineianueeeo iano?i?a na?aae iaecaiiaei?oi? /anoeie eicaoeoaa ?
noa?oeie, oea?nueeee i?anoie aecia? iia? ?aae??, ye? neeaeeny a Oe?a?i?.
O oe?eiio aaoueiainuee?e ia?o?? aei na?aaeeie inai? 1657 ?. aaeaeiny
ao?eiaoe noinoiee c Iineianueeith aea?aeaaith ia oiio ??ai?, yeee
?nioaaa ca aeeooy A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai, a?aenoiyoe naiino?ei?noue oa ia
i?oe ia iinooiee c eeth/iaeo ieoaiue aea?aeaaiiai aeeooy.

Aioeaaoueiainueeee caeieio, yeee iai?ee?ioe? aeiaoiy niaeaoioa ia
Caii??aeae?, noai?ea ni?eyoeeao neooaoe?th aeey i?iaeiaaeaiiy oea?nueeei
i?anoieii ai?ioueae ca e?ea?aeaoe?th naiino?eiino? eicaoeueei?
aea?aeaae. E?eoeeoth/e iiaicaaaaeai? a Oe?a?i? ii?yaeee oa
a?aeiiaeyth/enue iiaiaeeoenue ia ci?ie a aaoueiainueeiio o?yae?,
c?iaeai? aac ?o o/ano?, caii?iaeoe? ia i?iiiioaaee aeueoa?iaoea o iaaeao
?aea? iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie. Oaeoe/ii o oeae /an aiie ii/eiathoue
aenooiaoe aeano?oeoeaiith, ?oei?aiith ii a?aeiioaiith aei oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaiino? neeith.

O nai?e ai?iouea? c aaoueiainueeei o?yaeii caii?iaeoe? caa?ioeenue ca
i?aeo?eieith aei oea?y, cana?ae/eaoe aioiai?noue Caii??aeaey ?oe ia
an?eye? iinooiee iie?oe/iei ieaiai ?in?enueeiai o?yaeo. I?e?cae
caii?icueeeo iine?a o Iineao aeicaieea inoaii?e aeeth/eoe iaeei ?c
aieiaieo iaoai?ci?a ?aae?caoe?? iiaiai iie?oe/iiai eo?no uiaei Oe?a?ie —
aaciina?aaei? noinoiee c aieeaiaith, iiiceoe?eiith oeaio?aeuei?e
oe?a?inuee?e aeaae? iie?oe/iith neeith. Ia?aae oea?nueeei i?anoieii
a?aee?eeenue oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? uiaei i?iaaaeaiiy iie?oeee iie?oe/iiai
oaioaaeo noiniaii aaoueiainueeiai o?yaeo. Iiceoe?y noaeae?-ie?ioai?oey,
yeee noi?oue iaae iaiia ia?o?yie, aeaaaea oea?th aeiaeaoeia? aaaeae?
aieeao ia neooaoe?th.

Iai?ee?ioe? a?oaeiy 1657 ?., iaiaae?yiee ia?oeyieaie ?in?enueeeo
i?eei?aeiiieo ai?aiae «a on?o iio?aaao iineeeoaaoe», i?ioe aaoueiaia
iianoaa Iieoaanueeee iiee ia /ie? c I.Iooea?ai. Iianoaiiy, yea i?e
oa?ii?e i?aeo?eioe? iineianueeeo iiaeiiaeaaeoe?a ?ic?inoaeinue a
Oe?a?i?, noai?eei c?o/ia oei aeey aenoiaiiy ?in??th iiaeo aeiia aei
oe?a?inueeiai o?yaeo, ui e aoei c?iaeaii A.I.Oeo?iai ia ?aae? a
Ia?ayneaa? a ethoiio 1658 ?.

Iath/e iaai? ?ethc?? uiaei iiaeeeaino? ? aaaeaiiy oea?nueeiai i?anoieo
i?eai?eaoe iianoaiiy a Oe?a?i?, aaoueiai ?.Aeaianueeee i?ae oeneii
Iineae iiaiaeeany ia ?? iniiai? aeiiae: aeaaaeaiiy eicaoeueeeo a?enuee c
Aeoiaa oa aaaaeaiiy oea?nueeeo ai?aiae a oe?a?inuee? i?noa.

I?ioa i?e?cae Oeo?iai ia ai?n caniiei?iiy o neooaoe?th a Oe?a?i?.
Iaaiaee, iaio?oe?eii i?aeo?eiaaoe I.Iooea?y, a?i ni?iaieoaaa iiaeaeueoa
?ic?inoaiiy eiioe?eoo. Iaeac oea?y iaii noi?iiai eiioe?eoo i?eie?eoenue
? ?icionoeoe a?enueea icia/aa, ui Iineaa oio?ea caa?aaoe neee
iianoaioe?a o iaaeioi?eaiiino? ye i?ioeaaao Aeaianueeiio ?
?ic?aoiaoaaea, nie?ath/enue ia ieo, iinooiiai iaiaaeeoe aeaaei?
iiaiiaaaeaiiy eicaoeueei? aaei?i?no?aoe??.

Aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeiooa ? iaa?oioiaaia a?iioaca i?i oa, ui naia
iaaaaeaiiy eai?ooethaaoe ia?aae ?ioaa?aoe?eieie ieaiaie ?in?enueeiai
i?anoieo i?eaaei oe?a?inueeee o?yae aei ia?aaeyaeo naiai
ciai?oiueiiie?oe/iiai eo?no: aceieo 1658 ?. a?i i?aeieno? aeiaia?? c
oaoa?aie oa eaea ia caeeaeaiiy c Iieueuath.

?in?enueeee o?yae oei /anii c ea?oiy 1658 ?. ii/aa i?aeoe/ii
aiooaaoenue aei aaaaeaiiy ai?aiae a oe?a?inuee? i?noa, iinoaaeaoe ?i
caaaeaiiy ?ica?aeaoe o?iainia? ? iiaeaoeia? iiaeeeaino? A?enueea
Caii?icueeiai. Oea?nueeee o?yae i?aaioa on?eyei iaiaaeeoe eicaoeueeee
aieea ia i?nueea aeeooy, ia?aaeaaoe aaei?i?no?aoeaiee aia?ao o ?oee
i?uainoaa, ae?? yeiai aaciina?aaeiuei iaee eiio?iethaaoe ai?aiaee.
Aeoeaii i?iaiaeeoe eo?n ia «i?eie?aiiy» aaoueiainueeiai o?yaeo ?
iianoaioe?a, a oaeoe/ii ni?eyoe «caii?iaeaiith» eiioe?eoo, a Oe?a?io
iaaani? 1658 ?. i?eaoee oea?nuee? iinee ?.Iiooo?i, ?.A.Aeo?iia,
I.O.Aieeia oa I.Ae.Neo?aoia. Aea ia?aeaeueii c oeeie «ie?ioai?/eie»
caoiaeaie ?in?y aeoeaii aiooaaeanue aei ai?iieo ae?e, aeey /iai
eiioeaio?oaaea oa aeioeiiieaeoiaoaaea A?eai?iaenueeee iiee.

Iiaeaeueoa caie?eaiiy c i?eeiyooyi aaeaeaaoieo neooaoe?? iie?oe/ieo
??oaiue caa?iaeoaaei iiaiith ao?aoith aaoueiainueeei o?yaeii eiio?ieth
ia eeoa iaae ?icaeoeii iiae?e, aea e iaae no?aoaa?/ii aaaeeeaeie
oa?eoi??yie ia e?aiio aa?ac? Aei?i?a oa i?aaei? A?ei?on??. Ie??i oiai,
ia?aae noa?oeiith ii/aea aeiaeueiaoaaoenue ?aaeueia ia?niaeoeaa ao?aoeoe
aeai?ai? a oyaee?e a?ei? c iieyeaie «aie?» oa aeaaeo ? ia?aoai?eoenue o
ni?aaaei?o oea?nueeeo oieii?a — iicaaaeaieo onyeeo iie?oe/ieo i?aa ?
caeaaeieo aeeeth/ii a?ae eanee naiiaea?aeaaiiai iiia?oa.

?ica?ii aaoueiaiii Aeaianueeei o nithc? c oaoa?aie iniiaieo nee
iianoaioe?a i?ae Iieoaaith oa caaeaaeue I.Iooea?y c?oeioaaee an? ieaie
oea?nueeiai o?yaeo, iniiaith yeeo aoea a?a ia i?ioe??//yo i?ae
aaoueiainueeith oa iiiceoe?eiith ia?o?yie, oa ia?aoeiaeeee a?aei?aaoe?
oea?nueeeo ai?aiae a oe?a?inuee? i?noa. Oea aoea iie?oe/ia ii?acea
Iineae oa ?? i?eoeeueiee?a a Oe?a?i?, yea iineaaeea aieea ?in?enueeiai
i?anoieo ia oe?a?inuee? ni?aae.

O Ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Ai?ii? ae?? oa iie?oe/i? eiioaeoe i?ae noi?iiaie
i?ae /an oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei? a?eie (/a?aaiue 1658 — ii/aoie na?iiy
1659 ??.)» aia?oa o a?o/eciyi?e ?noi??ia?ao?? aeaii iaeiiai?oee iien
oiaeo ai?iieo ae?e, aieiaieo aeoa oa aeeieiiaoe/ieo ia?aaiai??a i?ae
noi?iiaie, i?aeaeoi i?aenoiee a?eie oa ioe?iaii ?? iane?aeee.

O /a?ai? 1658 ?. a Oe?a?io i?ae i?eaiaeii «i?eai?eaiiy» aaea aaaiiaaieo
naaa?eueiee?a, a iani?aaae?, uia ia ao?aoeoe eiio?ieth iaae e?a?iith,
i?eaoee ei.A.A.Oa?ai?o?a (o Ee?a) oa ei.A.A.?iiiaeaiianueeee (o I?eeoee)
c a?enueeaie. ?iiiaeaiianueeee iaa iiaiiaaaeaiiy o ?ac? iaiao?aeiino?
neeith caoeuaoe iianoaioe?a a?ae aaoueiainueeeo a?enuee, caeioaaoeoe
Aeaianueeiai o ii?ooaii? i?enyae e i?aai?coaaoe ia?aaeai?e aaoueiaia oa
i?iaanoe iia?e?caoe?th an?o i?eoeeueieo oea?th eicae?a «i?ioe aaoueiaia
? oaoa?».

I?eo?ae ?in?enueeeo a?enuee noaa nai???aeiei eaoae?caoi?ii ia?a?inoaiiy
eiioe?eoo ?ioa?an?a o ca?ieia i?ioenoiyiiy. Iini?oia aaaaeaiiy
?in?enueeeo a?enuee a Oe?a?io, iiyaa o iieeao ?iiiaeaiianueeiai e?aea??a
?ica?iieaii? iiiceoe??, ?icneeea ii i?noao E?aiaa?aaeaey ?in?enueeeo
caeia aac ocaiaeaeaiiy c oe?a?inueeei o?yaeii, no?aoe e?eueeio
a?aeaeaieo aaoueiainueeiio o?yaeia? nioiee?a, ianeeuenoaa ? a?aaoiee
oea?nueeeo a?enuee aoee ?icoe?iai? aaoueiainueeith aaei?i?no?aoe??th ye
aeeeee ? ii/aoie a?aee?eoi? ca?ieii? aa?an?? ?in?enueei? aea?aeaae i?ioe
Oe?a?ie.

O a?aeiia?aeue ia ai?iae? ae?? ai?aiae aaoueiainueeee o?yae ae??oea
a?enueeiaith aeoe??th ia ?in?enuee?e oa?eoi???, c iaeiiai aieo, cioneoe
?in?enueea eiiaiaeoaaiiy aeaeaoe e?aea??a iiiceoe?? oa aeaanoe nai?
a?enueea c oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie, a c ?ioiai — nooo?ai i?ae??aaoe aaco
aioeaaoueiainueeiai ?ooo oa aeaii?ae?coaaoe iianoaioe?a. ?acoeueoaoii
oeueiai noaa iio?ae aaoueiainueeeo a?enuee o na?ii? — aa?ani? 1658 ?. ia
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueea i?eei?aeiiiy. Ia?aeaeueii c aaoueiaiii ai?ii?
ae?? i?ioe ?in?yi o A?ei?on?? ?icii/aa ? iieeiaiee ?.Ia/ae.

Ia?aae/aniee ooo?i Ae.Aeaianueeei Ee?aa, yeee i?enei?ea ia?a?inoaiiy
ae??aieo nooe/ie o iiaiiianooaai? a?enueeia? ae??, ii noo? aoa eeoa
a?aeiia?aeaeth ia ae?? a?enuee ei.?iiiaeaiianueeiai ia E?aiaa?aaeae?,
ye? nai?ie i?iaieaoe?eieie oa a?aeaa?oi ai?iaeeie aeoe?yie noiniaii
aaoueiainueeiai o?yaeo ?ica’ycaee oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeo a?eio 1658 —
1659 ??.

Io?oe?eii a?eio aoei iaieioaii noi?iiaie iaeia iaei?e o aa?ani? 1658 ?.
Oiae? oe?a?inueeee o?yae oeeaa Aaaeyoeueeee aeiaia?? c Iieueuath, yeee
o?enoaaa a?aeiiao A?enueea Caii?icueeiai a?ae i?aeaeainoaa oea?th oa
aeaeaa iai?oano aei «aieiaea??a ?a?iie» ?c iiyniaiiyi i?e/eie a?eie c
?in??th, a oea? aeaeaa a?aiioo a?ae 21 aa?aniy ?c caeeeeii onoiooe
iaoaiaeiiai Iinea? aeaao Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae e iaieioaiiyi i?i
ii/aoie ai?iieo ae?e i?ioe aaoueiainueeeo a?enuee.

?aaoey?i? ai?ii? ae?? iiaeia oiiaii ?icae?eeoe ia o?e aoaie. Ia?oee
aoai ?ic?iaeaii? aaoi?ii o?iiieia?? a?eie ioiieth? iiae?? e?ioey aa?aniy
— na?aaeeie a?oaeiy 1658 ?. Ia ii/aoeo oeueiai aoaio a?enueeai ?.Ia/ay
aaea?oueny aeaeoe ?in?enuee? aa?i?ciie c ?yaeo i?no A?ei?on??.

Aeecueei 20 aeiaoiy a Oe?a?io anooieei 20-oeny/ia ?in?enueea a?enueei
ia /ie? c ei.?iiiaeaiianueeei ?c caaaeaiiyi anoaiiaeoe a?enueeiaee
eiio?ieue ?in?? iaae i?aaeaiieie ? oeaio?aeueieie ?aeiiaie E?aiaa?aaeaey
oa caaacia/eoe ia?aia?aiiy ia i?noea Aeaianueeiai i?aeeiio?ieueiiai
Iinea? aaoueiaia. Nieaeaoe oa a??i? oea?th eicaee iaieiae?ee ?yaeii
oe?a?inueeeo i?no.

Aaoueiai Aeaianueeee, aei?o/eaoe iieeiaieeai A.Aoeyieoeueeiio,
I.Aei?ioaieo oa I.Neee/o ca’ycaoe ai?i a?enueei ?iiiaeaiianueeiai a
?aeii? Ie?yoeia, nai ae?ooea i?ae Ee?a c iaoith aeaeoe ca?aeoe
?in?enueeee aa?i?cii, ui cia/ii ci?oeieei a eiai oeee. I?ioa ii?acea
aaoueiainueeeo a?enuee 30 aeiaoiy i?ae Ee?aii oa iaeiaa ?iiiaeaiianueeei
eicaoeueeeo a?enuee o Aa?a? c?oeioaaee an? ieaie aaoueiaia ? iinoaaeee
eiai ia iaaeo ii?acee.

Uia caa?aaoe a??i? aaoueiainueeiio o?yaeo ai?caeaoi? /anoeie,
Aeaianueeee oeeaa ia?aie?’y c ee?anueeei ai?aiaeith Oa?ai?o?aei oa
iineaa aei Iineae iinieuenoai c i?ioaiiyi i?iaa/eoe eiai «i?iaeie»
ia?aae i?anoieii, caiaaiyth/e o nai?e a??iino? oea?th. Oea ia?aie?’y
ni?eyei ciyooth ei.?iiiaeaiianueeei iaeiae Aa?ae oa a?aenooio eiai aei
Eioaeoe?.

Ia iath/e aeinoaoi?o nee ?ica?iieoe aaoueiainuee? a?enueea o Aa?a?,
ei.?iiiaeaiianueeee o ae?oa?e iieiaei? eenoiiaaea ?i?oe?thaaa ia?aiiy
i?aeeiio?ieueieie eiio eicaeaie aeueoa?iaoeaiiai Aeaianueeiio aaoueiaia
aeey E?aiaa?aaeii? Oe?a?ie, caii/aoeoaaaoe oei naiei ?oei?aio aeey
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? o?aaeeoe?th aaaaoiaaoueiainoaa.

I?ioa nee, aeinoaoi?o aeey ae??oaeueii? ia?aiiae, o aeiaeii? ?c noi??i
ia na?aaeeio a?oaeiy 1658 ?. ia aoei. Oiio ? aaoueiainueeee, ?
oea?nueeee o?yaee aeey ia?aeiio neooaoe?? ia naith ei?enoue aceieo 1658
–1659 ??. aeoeaii aiooaaeenue aei aaaaeaiiy a a?e iiaeo nee. Iineaa
i?iaaea /anoeiao iia?e?caoe?th (ca?? aeaoi/ieo ethaeae o a?enueei c
on??? aea?aeaae ca oeacii a?ae 13 eenoiiaaea), a *eae?ei caeeeeaa ia
aeiiiiiao ?iicaii? a?enueea (oaoa?nuee? e iieuenuee?).

Ae?oaee aoai a?eie o?eaaa c na?aaeeie a?oaeiy 1658 ?. aei ae?oai?
iieiaeie aa?aciy 1659 ?. O a?oaei? 1658 ?., ia?aa?oioaaaoe nai?
a?enueea, aaoueiainueeee o?yae ia?aoiiea ?i?oe?aoeao: aieiai? ?in?enuee?
ieoiaoe?ei? a?enueea iieieeenue caaeieiaaieie o Eioaeoe?. Io?eiaaoe
i?aee??ieaiiy c Iieueu? ? E?eio, Aeaianueeee iaaaeii ae?ooea ia
E?aiaa?aaeaey c iaoith a?aeiiaeoe /anoeiai ao?a/aiee eiio?ieue iaae oeie
/anoeiaie Iieoaanueeiai, Ie?ai?iaenueeiai ? Eoaainueeiai iiee?a, a yeeo
oaea ii?yaeeoaaee ?in?enuee? aa?i?ciie.

Any ceia ? ia?oa iieiaeia aa?aciy 1659 ?. i?ieoee o iino?eieo nooe/eao
aaoueiainueeeo ? ?in?enueeeo a?enuee o i?eei?aeiiieo ?aeiiao oa
ia??iaee/ieo — i?ae Ee?aii. I?ae /an iioiaeo aaoueiainueeiio o?yaeo
aaeaeinue a?aeiiaeoe eiio?ieue iaae a?eueo?noth oa?eoi??e cacia/aieo
iiee?a. ?yae i?no oeueiai ?aa?iio, caciaaoe a?aaoie?a oa ooene?a c aieo
?in?yi, aeia?ia?eueii caeaeenue aaoueiainueeei a?enueeai. Aea
ae??oaeueii? ia?aaaae iaae neeaie iiiceoe?iia??a ? ?in?enueeeie
a?enueeaie ia E?aiaa?aaeae? Aeaianueeee aeiiiaoeny ia ci?a, ine?eueee a
?o ?oeao caeeoaeinue 10 oe?a?inueeeo i?no. I?ioyaii onueiai oeueiai
ia??iaeo noi?iie, c iaeiiai aieo, aeoeaii aiooaaeenue ia?aeiieoe
neooaoe?th ia naith ei?enoue a?enueeiaeie caniaaie, a c ?ioiai –
i?aeoeeoaaee iiaea?eio aeeieiiao?th, iino?eii cayaeyth/e i?i iai??e
ie?ii a?aaoethaaoe eiioe?eo.

Eeth/iaith iiae??th o?aoueiai aoaio a?eie (e?iaoeue aa?aciy — ii/aoie
na?iiy 1659 ?.) aoa iio?ae i???ioiaii 70-oeny/ii? (ca iaoeie
?ic?aooieaie) ?in?enueei? a?i?? ia /ie? c ei.I.I.O?oaaoeueeei ia
Oe?a?io, yeee ?icii/aany iai?ee?ioe? aa?aciy. 20 ea?oiy ?in?enueea
a?enueei aa?a a iaeiao Eiiioii — no?aoaa?/ii aaaeeeaa i?noi ia
oe?a?inueeiio i?eei?aeiii? a ?aeii? Iooeaey. Ciaeaeai? iaie a?o?ai?
aeieoiaioe aeicaieythoue oi/ii aecia/eoe ao?aoe ?in?enueeeo a?enuee i?ae
/an ooo?io Eiiioiia 29 ea?oiy — 3494 /ie. Aaaeath/e ?icoe?eoe
i?aeeiio?ieueio ?in?yiai oa?eoi??th, O?oaaoeueeie o o?aai? a?aei?aaea
?aeaeia? caaiie i?ioe aaoueiainueeeo a?enuee: aea?/? i?ae Ai?cio, a
?aeii i?no Oi?ie, Aiaoaa oa i?ae I?aeei. O A?ei?on?? ia ii/aoeo o?aaiy
?in?yiai caeaeenue Inoeneaa ? E?e/aa, a 17 o?aaiy a?enueea
ei.Eiaaiiaa-?inoianueeiai acyee a iaeiao noaaeo ?.Ia/ay — i.Noa?ee
Aeo?a.

Oe?a?inueea eiiaiaeoaaiiy, i/?eoth/e i?eoiaeo oaoa?, ?c naiai aieo
iaiaaaeiny iin?yoe iai?eo a ?in?enueeeo i?eei?aeiiieo ?aeiiao oa
oneeaaeieoe ca’ycie O?oaaoeueeiai c ?in??th. C oe??th iaoith o na?aaeei?
o?aaiy aeoo?anuee? eicaee cae?enieee ?yae iaiaae?a ia naea i?ae
?eeuenueeii, Naanueeii ? Iooeaeai.

O /a?ai? 1659 ?. caiaee? ai? i?ae aaoueiainueeeie oa oea?nueeeie
a?enueeaie a?aeaoeeny a ?aeii? Aeooiaa ia i?aii/? oa iiaeeco Aiaoae ia
i?aaei?. Aa?i?/iee ii?? caoeniee?a Eiiioiia e ae/?eoaaeueia oaeoeea
ei.O?oaaoeueeiai aeaee ciiao Aeaianueeiio aei/aeaoenue i?eoiaeo
e?einueeeo oaoa? ? iaa’ycaoe oea?nueeiio iieeiaiaeoeth aaia?aeueio aeoao
ia aea?aeieo aeey eicae?a iiceoe?yo. Nithcieoeueea a?enueei neeaaeaeinue
?c 16 oen. eicae?a, 3 oen. iieye?a ? na?a?a oa 30-40 oen. oaoa?.

Aieiaia aeoaa eaiiai?? a?aeaoeanue 28 /a?aiy 1659 ?. i?ae Eiiioiiii a
?aeii? n.Nini?aea. ?aeiino?oeiaaiee iaie o?ae aeoae, yeee ooi/ith? ?yae
i?eioeeiiaeo iiiaio?a, aoa oaeei. Iineai? ei.O?oaaoeueeei c-i?ae
Eiiioiia a?enueea aoaeoaaee eicae?a ia ia?ai?aa? /a?ac ?.Nini?aea. I?ae
?o oeneii Aeaianueeee a?aenooia? nii/aoeo acaeiaae e?aiai aa?aaa
Nini?aee, a iio?i acaeiaae caaiei/aiiai ?onea ?.Oi?aiaeoey a iai?yieo
aei ai?iaeeua Ionoa Oi?aiaeoey. Oaoa?nuee? a?enueea ia /ie? c e?einueeei
oaiii Iooaiiaae-A??a?i, ye? neae?ee o can?aeoe? a o?i/eu? Ai?iaeeua,
aea?aaoe c?o/iee iiiaio, aoaeoaaee ?in?yi c oeeo, caaiaaoe ?o o ianoeo,
ine?eueee a?ae Eiiioiio ?o a?aeae?eyea caaiei/aia Oi?aiaeoey, a nia?aaeo
? ccaaeo aoee oaoa?e ? eicaee. Aeaii?ae?ciaai? oaea?ii c oeeo, ?in?yie
ii/aee o?eaoe ? noaee eaaeith caeiae//th oaoa?nueei? e?iiioe e
eicaoeueei? i?oioe. I?iaaaeaiee iaie aiae?c aeaea?ae aea? i?aenoaae
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui o oe?e aeoa? ?in?yie ao?aoeee aaeoeie 15-20 oen.,
eicaee — 4 oen., a oaoa?e — 6 oen. /ieia?e.

Ia?aiiaa eicaoeueei-oaoa?nueeiai a?enueea o oe?e aeoa? iaea a nai?e
iniia? o?e i?e/eie. Ia?oa. Iecuee? aieia? yeino? ?in?enueei?
aeai?yinueei? e?iiioe a iai?iiieo iieueiaeo aeoaao oa iai?eaeaoi?noue
oea?nueeiai a?enueea, iaa?aiiai ?c iiie/aioe?a, aei iia?aoeaiiai
iaiaa?oaaiiy ia iie? aith. Ae?oaa. Iaaeiioe?iea ai?aiaeaie i?ioeaieea ?
ye iane?aeie – ia?ica?aeaia i?noeaa?noue, aea ia?aaeaa/aeinue aanoe
aieia? ae?? c ai?iaii, /enaeuei?noue yeiai aoea iaa?aeiia. O?aoy.
Aeeneo/a aeei?enoaiiy aaoueiaiii Aeaianueeei no?aoaa?? eiioeaio?iaaiiai
oaea?o, caaacia/aia ianiiae?aaiei iao?aeiei iaiaa?ii ? a/aniei
aeei?enoaiiyi i?eoiaaiiai ?aca?ao.

Caciaaoe ii?acee i?ae Eiiioiiii, ei.O?oaaoeueeee 4 eeiiy a?aenooiea aei
Iooeaey, a ?in?y ii/aea aiooaaoenue aei ai?a ia aeani?e oa?eoi???: 5
eeiiy 1659 ?. aeoiaeeoue iiaee oeac i?i iaa?? aeaoi/ieo ethaeae ia
nieaeaonueeo neoaeao, O?oaaoeueeiio aea?oueny iaeac caeiyoe iai?iio i?ae
Iooeaeai ? Naanueeii. Ia ii/aoeo eeiiy ?in?y ia?aoiaeeoue a iai?iiiee
noai.

Oaeee ?icaeoie iiae?e aea? iai i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueea a?eia cae?i/eeanue ?ica?iiii iniiaieo nee
oea?nueeiai a?enueea, ye? aoi?aeenue ia oe?a?inueeo oa?eoi??th, ?
aeaiaiiyi ?o ca iaae? Oe?a?ie (iniiai? ai?ii? ae?? caaa?oeeenue
i?eaeecii 4 eeiiy, a a?eia a oe?eiio — ia ii/aoeo na?iiy 1659 ?.).
Ai?iia ia?aiiaa eicaoeueei-oaoa?nueeiai a?enueea a Oe?a?i? aoea
aaccaia?a/iith, aea ia iiaiith, ine?eueee a ?oeao iiiceoe?iia??a ?
?in?enueeeo aa?i?cii?a caeeoaeenue Ee?a, Aaaey/, Iieoaaa, *a?eanueea
A?oiue oa aeae?eueea ?ioeo i?no. Ai?iia eaiiai?y ia i?aaei? A?ei?on??
caaa?oeeanue eieaeueiith ia?aiiaith ?in?enueeeo a?enuee.

?in?enueea aea?aeaaa aiane?aeie ?ica?iio nai?o a?enuee i?ae Nini?aeith
oa oaoa?nueei-eicaoeueeiai iioiaeo o aioo??oi? ?aeiie e?a?ie ia ii/aoeo
na?iiy ciooaia aoea oei/aniai a?aeiiaeoenue a?ae anoaiiaeaiiy iiaiiai
a?enueeiai-iie?oe/iiai eiio?ieth iaae oa?eoi???th A?enueea
Caii?icueeiai. Iaeace ei.O?oaaoeueeiio a?aei?aaeoe /anoeio iiee?a o
A?eai?iae, a naiiio c iniiaieie neeaie a?aenooieoe a?ae ei?aeiio ia oe?
?icii/aoeo o ae?oa?e iieiaei? eeiiy eiinoeueoaoe?e i?i i?noea c’?caeo
i?aaenoaaiee?a noi??i aeey «i?eai?eaiiy e?iaii?ieeooy» oa «caiaee»
na?ae/eee, ui Iineaa i?ae oeneii ai?iieo ii?acie aioiaa aei ia?aaiai??a
?c o?yaeii aaoueiaia ?.Aeaianueeiai oa ca?aeia a?aooaaoe iiceoe?th
oe?a?inueei? noi?iie.

Iiae?? ianooiieo aeaio i?nyoe?a (na?aaeeia na?iiy — aeiaoaiue 1659 ?.)
i?ney oaeoe/iiai cae?i/aiiy a?eie iaee aeiyoeiaee aieea ia ?? inoaoi/i?
i?aenoiee. Iie?oe/ia ia?ai???ioaoe?y a?eueoino? noa?oeie ia ?in?th
(i?enyaa oea?th e caeeeeaiiy ?in?enueeiai a?enueea), ui iaoiiaethaaeanue
?? iaaaeiaieaiiyi oei aa??aioii Aaaeyoeueei? oaiaee, yeo ?aoeo?eoaaa
iieuenueeee naei, ia?ae?aneeea a?enueeia? caeiaooee aaoueiainueeiai
a?enueea. Oaeei /eiii, ie aeioiaeeii aeaui ia?aaeienaeueiiai aeniiaeo:
ca?ieia ia?aiiaa o a?ei? ? iie?oe/ia eai?ooeyoe?y i?ney ia?.

Inoaoi/i? iie?oe/i? i?aenoiee a?eie, ye? ?acth/a aeeniioaaee c
aaciina?aaei?ie ai?iieie ?acoeueoaoaie, aoee cae??ieai? o
Ia?ayneaanueeeo noaooyo 17 aeiaoiy 1659 ?. ?in?y aeiaeeanue a?eueoino?
?c iinoaaeaieo iath ia ii/aoeo a?eie oe?eae: oa?aoe a?enueea a aieiai?
i?noa Oe?a?ie, aiia anoaiiaeea ?aaeueiee a?enueeiai-iie?oe/iee eiio?ieue
iaae E?aiaa?aaeaeyi, io?eiaaoe i?yiee aeinooi aei eiai iaoa??aeueieo,
o?iainiaeo oa ethaenueeeo ?ano?n?a; ae?noaea iiaeeea?noue
aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaaoe ia i?ecia/aiiy aaoueiaia oa ?ioi? noa?oeie,
nooo?ai o??caaoe aeaaei? iiaiiaaaeaiiy aaoueiaia ? eicaoeueei? ?aaee o
eaae?iaeo oa ?ioeo ieoaiiyo; aeiiiaeanue oi?iaeueii? caiaee eicaoeueei?
noa?oeie ia i?iaiaeeoe naiino?eii?, a oei a?eueoa a?aei?iii? a?ae
iineianueei? ciai?oiuei? oa aioo??oiuei? iie?oeee; aeo?nieea eicaoeueeo
aaei?i?no?aoe?th c A?ei?on??, iicaaaeaoenue o oeueiio ?aa?ii?
iaaacia/iiai eiieo?aioa.

O Aeniiaeao i?noyoueny i?aenoiee i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie
oa aeae?eythoueny iaea?eueo cia/ei? iane?aeee a?eie:

iniiaiith i?e/eiith oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei? a?eie 1658 — 1659 ??. aoea
eiioeaiooaeueia ianoi?ni?noue i?aeoiae?a aaoueiainueeiai oa oea?nueeiai
o?yae?a uiaei iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo aeainoi?iii?o a?aeiinei: ?in?y,
i?aaio/e noaoe iaeiiaooi?oith iiooaith ia noiae? ?a?iie oa o
i?aaineaaiiio na?o? a oe?eiio, aaaeaea ?ioaa?oaaoe Oe?a?io aei neeaaeo
?in?enueei? aea?aeaae, a Oe?a?ia — iaaiaee, i?aaioea ci?oeieoe naith
aeanio aea?aeaai?noue i?ae e?eeii Iineae, aea aac ?aaeueiiai aeeth/aiiy
a ?in?enueeee aeaaeiee i?ino??;

?aaoey?i? ai?ii? ae?? a?eie iiaeia ?icae?eeoe ia o?e ?oaie: ia?oee —
e?iaoeue aa?aniy — na?aaeeia a?oaeiy 1658 ?., ae?oaee — na?aaeeia
a?oaeiy 1658 — ae?oaa iieiaeia aa?aciy 1659 ?., o?ao?e — e?iaoeue
aa?aciy — ii/aoie na?iiy 1659 ?.;

aeey aeinyaiaiiy nai?o iie?oe/ieo oe?eae a Oe?a?i? oea?nueeee o?yae
aeei?enoiaoaaa iaoiaee ?aii?oaaiiy caeiiieo ??oaiue eicaoeueei? ?aaee,
iie?oe/iiai oaioaaeo, a?e ia i?ioe??//yo i?ae ??cieie nioe?aeueieie ?
iie?oe/ieie oa?oiiaaiiyie oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa oiui;

iie?oe/ia ia?aiiaa ?in?? o a?ei? icia/aea ii/aoie i?ioeano ?ic/eiaiiy
noni?eueieo ? aea?aeaaieo ?inoeooo?a eicaoeueei? aea?aeaae a
caaaeueii?iia?nueeeo i?aaiao oi?aae?iiy;

?acoeueoaoe a?eie cana?ae/eee noiiee oaeo a?aenooiino? ni?eyoeeaeo
ciai?oiueiiie?oe/ieo oiia aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo i?ia?aneaieo
ao?aeoacieo ia?aoai?aiue o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e noa?? Oe?a?ie, ye?
a?aeaoeenue o ia?o? ?iee Aecaieueii? a?eie. C /ano anoaiiaeaiiy
oea?nueeith aeaaeith iie?oe/iiai eiio?ieth iaae Oe?a?iith ?aeeii
iiaeeeaith oaiaeaioe??th aeey inoaiiuei? iiaea aooe eeoa iinooiiaa
?anoaa?aoe?y oaiaeaeueii-e??iinieoeueeeo ii?yaee?a;

aeey Oe?a?ie iniiaiei iane?aeeii a?eie aoea ianooiia ao?aoa
iacaeaaeiino? oa ii/aoie i?ioeano ?ioaa?aoe?? ??
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai i?inoi?o ?c ?a?iiaenueeiai na?oo-aeiiii?ee a
na?o-aeiiii?eo «Iineia?y»;

o ?a?iiaenueeiio eiioaeno? iane?aeee a?eie icia/aee iineaaeaiiy
aaiiie?oe/ieo iiceoe?e ?a/? Iiniieeoi? oa iineeaiiy o No?aei?e ?a?ii?
aieeao ? aaae ?in??, yea a /a?aiaee ?ac aeoea?coaaea nai? coneeey,
ni?yiiaai? ia ?aae?caoe?th ieai?a uiaei ia’?aeiaiiy an?o «?onueeeo» oa
?ioeo i?aaineaaieo caiaeue o ?aeeiiio aaee/aciiio i?aaineaaiiio
oea?noa?. Ie??i oiai, ?a?iiaenueeee na?o-aeiiii?ea ao?a/aa ?aeeio ia
noiae? ?a?iie e?a?io c i?iao?aeoaciei oeiii noni?eueieo a?aeiinei.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?EIIAI AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Noaoo?

1. Aeniain?ii?ci Iineae uiaei Oe?a?ie 1657 ?. // Iai’youe noie?oue. —
1997. — ?6. — N.2 — 12.

2. Iio?ae ei. A.A.?iiiaeaiianueeiai ia Oe?a?io ainaie 1658 ?ieo // Iiaa
iie?oeea. — 1998. — ?1. — N.18 — 24.

3. Eiiioiinueea aeoaa 1659 ?. // Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee aeo?iae. —
1998. — ?3. — N.76 — 83; ?4. — N.33 — 43.

Iia?aeiieaiiy

4. ?noi?e/i? ia?aaeoiiae oe?a?inueei-iineianueei? a?eie 1658 — 1659 ??.
o caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiio eiioaeno? // Iiinoa?a. — 1995. — ?1. — N.29 —
32.

5. Ei?ioea ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea 26 iaea?eueoeo aeoa ia oa?eoi???
Oe?a?ie a 17 noie?oo? // Iiaa iie?oeea. — 1995. — *a?aaiue-eeiaiue. —
N.55 — 60.

6. Aeoae OVII noie?ooy. Oe?a?ia ? ?a?iiaenueeee eiioaeno // A?enueei
Oe?a?ie. — 1996. — ?1 — 2. — N.32 — 35.

7. Aaoueiainuee? aeai?e na?aaeeie OVII no.: i?aeoeea e aiae?c //
Nioe?ieia?y ? aeai?e: Iaoa??aee e?oaeiai noieo. — E.: ?NAe, 1997. — N.41
— 43.

8. Ooo?i Eiiioiia ?in?enueeeie a?enueeaie 28 — 29 ea?oiy 1659 ?. //
Ee?anueea noa?iaeia. — 1997. — ?6. — N.142 — 148.

Aoeuea?inueeee A.A. Oe?a?inueei-?in?enueea a?eia 1658 — 1659 ??. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.01. — ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. — Ee?anueeee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1998.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eaathoueny ia?aaeoiiae, i?e/eie, ?acoeueoaoe oa
iane?aeee oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei? a?eie 1658 — 1659 ??. C?iaeaii
aeaoaeueiee aiae?c oa iien oiaeo ai?iieo ae?e, ?ice?eoi ai?iia
ienoaoeoai eicaoeoaa o Eiiioiinuee?e aeoa? 1659 ?. ?ic?iaeaii
ia??iaeecaoe?th a?eie. C’yniaaii ieaie ? oe?e? noi??i o oiae?
aeeieiiaoe/ieo ia?aaiai??a. ?icaeyiooi aanue eiiieaen
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeeo a?aeiinei ca aaoueiaioaaiiy ?.Aeaianueeiai.
Aieiaiith i?e/eiith a?eie aeciaii ianoi?ni?noue eiioeaiooaeueieo
i?aeoiae?a oea?nueeiai ? aaoueiainueeiai o?yae?a noiniaii iiaeaeueoiai
noaoono Oe?a?ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oe?a?inueei-?in?enueea a?eia 1658 — 1659 ??.,
Eiiioiinueea aeoaa 1659?., ai?iia ienoaoeoai, aaoueiai ?aai Aeaianueeee,
oe?a?inueei-?in?enuee? a?aeiineie.

Aoeueaeineee A.A. Oe?aeinei-?inneeneay aieia 1658 — 1659 aa. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01. — Enoi?ey Oe?aeiu. — Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao
eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ane?uaathony i?aaeiinueee, i?e/eiu, ?acoeueoaou e
iineaaenoaey oe?aeinei-?inneeneie aieiu 1658 — 1659 aa. I?iaaaeai
aeaoaeueiue aiaeec e iienaiea oiaea aiaiiuo aeaenoaee, ?ace?uoi aiaiiia
eneonnoai eaca/anoaa a Eiiioiineie aeoaa 1659 a. ?ac?aaioaia
ia?eiaeecaoey aieiu. Onoaiiaeaiu ieaiu e oeaee noi?ii a oiaea
aeeieiiaoe/aneeo ia?aaiai?ia. ?anniio?ai aanue eiiieaen
oe?aeinei-?inneeneeo ioiioaiee ia?eiaea aaoiainoaa E.Auaianeiai. Aeaaiie
i?e/eiie aieiu i?eciaia ianiaianoeiinoue iiaeoiaeia oea?neiai e
aaoiaineiai i?aaeoaeuenoa ioiineoaeueii iineaaeothuaai noaoona Oe?aeiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oe?aeinei-?inneeneay aieia 1658 — 1659 aa.,
Eiiioiineay aeoaa 1659 a., aiaiiia eneonnoai, aaoiai Eaai Auaianeee,
oe?aeinei-?inneeneea ioiioaiey.

Bulvinsky A.G. Ukrainian-Russian War of the 1658-1659. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate’s degree by speciality 07.00.01 — History of
Ukraine. — The Taras Shevtchenko Kyiv University, Kyiv, 1998.

The dissertation discovers the grounds, causes, results and
consequences of the Ukrainian-Russian War of the 1658-1659. It presents
the detailed analysis and description of the military actions and
reveals the military art of the Cossacks during the Conotop Battle
(1659). The chronology of the War is developed and the plans and goals
of the sides during the diplomatic talks are detected. The whole set of
Ukrainian-Russian relations during the period of Ivan Vygovsky’s
het’manat is examined. The incompatibleness of the conceptual approaches
of tsar’s and het’man’s governments to the problem of the future of
Ukraine is recognized as the main cause of the War.

Key words: the Ukrainian-Russian War of the 1658 — 1659, the Conotop
Battle of the 1659, military art, het’man Ivan Vygovsky,
Ukrainian-Russian relationships.

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