Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa

Ai?oi Aeieo?i Ieaenaiae?iae/

OAeE 947:943 “1991/1997”

Oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee? a?aeiineie (1991-1997 ??.)

07.00.02 — Anana?oiy ?noi??y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei
?inoeoooonioe?aeueieo iaoe Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo?i. ?.
?. Ia/ieeiaa.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ae?aia A?eoi? A?eoi?iae/

eaoaae?a i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei

?inoeoooo nioe?aeueieo iaoe Iaeanueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?. ?. Ia/ieeiaa.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Neiiiaiei ?ai Aai?a?eiae/

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie Iaoe?iiaeueii?

Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a),

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Naiaiia Aaeaioei Iao?iae/

eaoaae?a noni?eueieo iaoe

Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? oieiaeo.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — ?inoeooo na?oiai? aeiiii?ee oa

i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei (i. Ee?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei?ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E. 41. 051. 08. i?e Iaeanueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa ca aae?anith : 270057,
i.Iaeana, aoe. Uaie?ia, 12, aoae. 9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa ca aae?anith:270100, i.
Iaeana, aoe. I?aia?aaeainueea, 24.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 21 na?iiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio
EICIANUeEEE A.E.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Anaa?/i? ca’ycee i?ae ia?iaeaie Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu?
iathoue aeaai? ?noi?e/i? o?aaeeoe??. Aiie iniaeeai iineeeeenue o noa??
iie?oe/iiai, aeiiii?/iiai, aeooiaiiai aeeooy i?ney caeiaoooy
iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?iith. I?aaiaiiy Iieueu? c ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a aei
aoiaeaeaiiy a ?a?iaoeaioe/i?, ?a?iiaenuee? no?oeoo?e oaae ni?eyee
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiio caeeaeaiith ia i?aeia?iaei?e a?ai?. ?nioaaea
oaeiae iaiao?aei?noue iiaeieaiiy ia oeueiio oeyoo aeayeeo onoaeaieo
oia?aaeaeaiue ? noa?aioei?a ieioeiai o a?aeiineiao i?ae Oe?a?iith ?
Iieueuath. An? aeuacaaaeoaai? oaeoi?e i?aee?aneththoue aaaeeea?noue
?icaeyaeo ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei o 1991-1997 ?ieao.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aiee iai?yiie
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iia’ycaiee ye c caaaeueiith iaoeiaith oaiith eaoaae?e
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei ?inoeoooo nioe?aeueieo iaoe: “Iacaeaaeia Oe?a?ia
a no/ani?e nenoai? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei”, oae ? c iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iith
ae?yeuei?noth Oeaio?o i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Iaeanue-eiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aaoi? aaaaea? iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?aeoai?aiiy i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo noinoie?a a
1991-1997 ?ieao, aiae?c a?aeiinei i?ae Oe?a?iith ? Iieueuath, aeyaeaiiy
iaaii? no?oeoo?e o aca?iiae?? ??cieo noa’?eo?a oe?a?inueei? ?
iieuenueei? noi??i, ?o iiceoeaiiai aai iaaaoeaiiai aeina?aeo a iiaeo
aaiiie?oe/ieo oiiaao, aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, ae??oothoueny eiie?aoi?
caaaeaiiy a iie?oe/i?e noa??: aea/aiiy aaiethoe?? eiioeaioe?e
ciai?oiuei? iie?oee?; ai?iii-iie?oe/ieo a?aeiinei; aieeao aaeeeeo
aea?aeaa ia ?icaeoie ?aa?iio Oeaio?aeueii? oa No?aeii? ?a?iie. A
aeiiii?oe? — i?e/eie iai?iii?oe?eiiai ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ieo nenoai
Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu?; ?aa?iiaeueia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai o iaaeao ?a?i?aa?ii?a
«Ea?iaoe», «Aoa». A eoeueoo?i?e noa?? aa?oi cina?aaeeoe oaaao ia
ni?a?ia?oieoeoa? i?ae i?i?noa?noaaie ina?oe aeaio e?a?i, noaiiaeu?
oe?a?inueei? a?iiaaee o Iieueu? oa iieuenueei? — a Oe?a?i? oa aieeao
oaeoi??a neeaaeiiai ?noi?e/iiai ieioeiai oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo aca?iei
ia ?icaeoie oeeo iaioei a 90-o? ?iee.

Aeeiiaiith iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue ? aeinyaiaiith iaoe i?aeii?yaeeiaaia
iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aiia aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoai?
ii??aiyeueii-aiae?oe/iiai iaoiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi
i?eioeei?a ?noi?ecio oa ia’?eoeaiino?, inoaii? aaoi? ?icoi?? ye
ni?yiiaai?noue ia a?aeooeaiiy e aecia/aiiy aeoie?a i?e/ei ye?
aieeaathoue ia ?icaeoie aeainoi?iii?o a?aeiinei, a oaeiae iaiaaaiiy
c`ynoaaoe ??ci? oi/ee ci?o.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia oa iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o oiio, ui aeaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? ia?oith ni?iaith
eiiieaeniiai aena?oeaiiy ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei o
1991-1997 ?ieao. Ae??ciythoueny iie?oe/iee, aeiiii?/iee, eoeueoo?iee
aniaeoe noinoie?a i?ae Oe?a?iith ? Iieueuath a ie?aneaiee ia??iae.
C?a?aia cia/ia e?euee?noue oaeoieia?/iiai iaoa??aeo, aaaaeai o iaoeiaee
ia?a iia? aeieoiaioe, cie?aia i?ia?aie iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e, onoaiia/eo
aeieoiaio?a «?a?i?aa?iio Ea?iaoe», iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo ia’?aeiaiue
oe?a?ioe?a o Iieueu? oa iieye?a a Oe?a?i?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeena?oaoe?y iiaea
noaiiaeoe i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an aeey ?icoi?iiy aieiaieo i?iaeai, ?nioth/eo
o noinoieao i?ae Oe?a?iith ? Iieueuath, noai?th? oai?aoe/io oa
oaeoieiae/io aaco, iaiao?aeio aeey iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy ia?niaeoea
?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a ?aa?ii?
Oeaio?aeueii? oa No?aeii? ?a?iie. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe
ae ei?enoai? i?e aea/aii? eo?n?a “Ciai?oiy iie?oeea Oe?a?ie”, “Iia?oiy
?noi??y e?a?i Oeaio?aeueii? oa No?aeii? ?a?iie”.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue ia??iae a?ae
caeiaoooy Oe?a?iith iacaeaaeiino? o 1991 ?ioe? aei 1997 ?ieo.Oeae
ia??iae oa?aeoa??co?oueny ia o?eueee i?aeia?iaeiei aeciaiiyi Oe?a?ie, a
e noai?aiiyi nenoaie ieth?ae?noe/ii? iie?oe/ii? aeaiie?ao?? o Iieueu?,
ui icia/a? ii/aoie iiaiai aoaio a?aeiinei i?ae Oe?a?iith ? Iieueuath. A
oeae ia??iae aoee caeeaaeai? i?aeaaeeie ciai?oiuei? iie?oee? Oe?a?ie,
/?eueia i?noea o ?icaeoeo cao?aeiiai iai?yieo yei? caeia? Iieueua.
Cai?iiiiiaaii ae??ciyoe oae? aoaie a oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo iie?oe/ieo
a?aeiineiao:

· c 1989 ?ieo aei 1 a?oaeiy 1991 ?ieo — ie?aiee i?aeaioia/ee ia??iae,
yeee iio??aai aeey aeyaeaiiy iaaii? aaiethoe?? ?aea? ni?ai?aoe? c
Iieueuath a Oe?a?i?, ? c Oe?a?iith o Iieueu?.

· ia?oee – c 1 a?oaeiy 1991 aei n?/iy 1993 ?ieo – caeeaaeaiiy i?aaiaeo
i?aeaaeei aeainoi?iiiueiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa.

· ae?oaee – a?ae n?/iy 1993 ?ieo aei 1997 ?ieo – i?ioyaii yeiai noi?iie
iaiiaithaaee ?aaeueiei ci?noii aeinyaioo? aeiiiaeaiino?.

Aieiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno. O?ni? iie?oe/i?
oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee? a?aeiineie ca nai?i iioaioe?aeii ? iaeiei c
oaeoi??a noaa?eueiino? a Oeaio?aeuei?e oa No?aei?e ?a?ii?. O?oaeiiu?,
ye? aeieeathoue i?ae Oe?a?iith ? Iieueuath a noa?? iie?oeee, aeiiii?ee,
eoeueoo?e iaoiiaeai? oei, ui oe?a?inueea oa iieuenueea noni?euenoaa
iathoue ??ci? oaiie ?icaeoeo.

A?aenooi?noue eiinainono a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? c aieiaieo
no?aoaa?/ieo ieoaiue a iie?oeoe? oa aeiiii?oe? ? ye ?acoeueoao
iaeo?aeueiee noaoon Oe?a?ie, i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui ?aeay
no?aoaa?/iiai ia?oia?noaa Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu? eiioeaiooaeueii
iacoi?iiaaia.

? oe?eaaei ? aiae?c ae?aeueiino? i?aaenoaaiee?a eoeueoo?e, iaoee,
ienoaoeoaa, i?aaenoaaiee?a iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei – iieuenueei? a
Oe?a?i?, oe?a?inueei? o Iieueu? o iiaeieaii? iaaaoeaieo noa?aioei?a
ieioeiai, iiooeoaaii? iiaeeeainoae caeeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ?
iieuenueeiai noni?euenoa, a ia o?eueee ae?o, /a?ac i?iaaaeaiiy ni?eueieo
eiioa?aioe?e, oanoeaaeae, ocaiaeaeaiiy oa ni?eueia iaienaiiy
i?ae?o/iee?a aeey nenoai na?aaeiuei? oa aeui? ina?oe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?aea? aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaeeny
aaoi?ii a aeeneon?yo ia i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo, cie?aia: “I Oi?oio
ii ni?a?ia?oieoeoao iieiae? c Iieueu?, Oe?a?ie oa A?ei?on??”, yeee
a?aeaoany 16-20 ethoiai 1997 ?ieo o Aa?oaa?; oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiio
neiiic?oi? “?ioaeaeooaee, eoeueoo?a, iie?oeea: aeina?ae Iieueu? oa
Oe?a?ie (aei 50-??//y aeo?iaeo KULTURA)” -o Ee?a?, 5-7 /a?aiy 1997 ?ieo;
“Ia?oia?noai I?iia//eie, Iieueu? oa Oe?a?ie – iiaeeeaino?
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa aai caa?ica aeey ?a?iie –iiaeyae iiaiai iieie?iiy”, ui
i?ioiaeeea o Aa?oaa? oa E?aeia? 24-30 aa?aniy 1997 ?ieo, a oaeiae o
aeiiia?ae? ia eiioa?aioe??: “Aeaiaiiy – Canaeaiiy – ?ioaa?aoe?y: aieea
aeiooaieo i?a?aoe?e ia i?neyai?iio ?noi??th Oeaio?aeueii? No?aeii?
?a?iie”, ui a?aeaoaaeany o Aeea?oeao (Iieueua) 21-22 eenoiiaaea 1997
?ieo, aeena?oaio a?aa o/anoue o ?iaio? 53-? eiioa?aioe?? aeeeaaea/?a
Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (naeoe?y i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei)
o eenoiiaae? 1998 ?., c?iaea aeiiia?aeue ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e
e?ioa?aioe?? “Oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee? a?aeiineie o XX noie?oo?:
aea?aeaai?noue, noni?euenoai, eoeueoo?a”, i. Oa?iii?eue, 15-16 ea?oiy
1999 ?ieo.

Aaoi? aena?oethaaa ??ci? aniaeoe oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa o 90-o? ?iee o o?ueio aeanieo ioae?eaoe?yo:
“Oe?aeinei-iieueneea ioiioaiey a iinoniaaoneee ia?eiae: iaeioi?ua
aniaeou nio?oaeie/anoaa” // Caienee ?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo.- Aei. 5. –
Iaeana, 1997.—0,3 ae?.a?e.; “Aeiooai? i?a?aoe?? 1940-o ?ie?a oa ?o aieea
ia ?icaeoie no/anieo oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei”// I?iaeaie
i?a?aoe??. – 1998. – N 4. – 0,5 ae?. a?e.; “Oe?a?inueei-iieuenea
?aa?iiaeueia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai// Iiaa iie?oeea.- 1999.- N 3.-0,3 ae?.
a?e.; oa o ni?euei?e noaoo? c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii aeena?oaioa Ae?aiaei
A.A. “Oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee? aca?ieie o iino?aaeyinueeee ia??iae: aeaye?
aniaeoe iie?oe/iiai ? aeiiii?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa” // Iie?oeea ?
/an.—1997. – N 5-6. – 0,5 ae?. a?e..

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaiieo aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e, aeiaeaoea A. Ianya aeena?oaoe??
noaiiaeoue 156 noi??iie, e??i oeueiai nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (196
iaeiaioaaiue) ia?aoiao? 19 noi??iie, aeiaeaoie A – 7 noi??iie. Anueiai –
182 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “?noi??ia?ao?/iee oa aeaea?aeiciaa/ee iaeyae
i?iaeaie” i?iaiae?ciaaii e?oa?aoo?o oa aeaea?aea c oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a i?aaenoaaeaia noaooyie oa
ca??ieeaie noaooae. Aeoeaioiaaii oaaao ia eiiieaeniiio i?aeoiae?, ui
i?iiiio?oueny oe?a?inueeeie a/aieie – ss. Aeaoeaae/ai, I. ?ya/oeii, E.
Aaneeue?aie, I. Iaaetheii. Aeaoeaae/ ss. aiae?co? iaoa??ae c
iniaeeainoae iieuenueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, noa?aioei?a ? i?o?a
na?aeiiino?. ?ica?aeee?ya/oea I. i?enay/ai? caaaeuei?eoa?aeoa?enoeoe?
no/anieo oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei, aeoiaey/? c ?noi?e/iiai
ieioeiai ? oa?aeoa?ieo ?en oe?a?inueei? iaoe??. Ni?iao nenoaiaoecoaaoe
iaoa??ae ?iaeyoue oaeiae Aaneeue?aa E., Iaaethe I. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
Aaneeue?aie E., oi?ea?ouenyieoaiue noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo
Oe?a?ie 1990-1991 ?ie?a, iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny noaio
oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee ia 1991 ??e.Iaaethe I., ?icaeyaeath/? a eiiieaen?
oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee? a?aeiineie, a?eueo noeey?oueny aei aiae?co
noinoie?a a eiioaeno? aaciaee ?aa?iio Oeaio?aeueii? oa No?aeii? ?a?iie,
aea/a? aieea i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e – IAOI, ?N.Aaoi?o aeiiiiiaea
oaeiae noaooy A?eioea?eiaoey I., Eioeea I., uii?noeea eiie?aoiee
iaoa??ae c aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie a oiiaao noai?aiiy iiaeo
?eieiaeo no?oeoo?. Ae??ciy?oueny a?oia a/aieo – i?aaenoaaiee?a
oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e Iieueu?. Noaoo? *aoa I.,Iie?iai A., Eoaeiiai ?.,
Aaa?eethea TH., Aoea A. i?enay/ai? i?iaeaiai aioo??oiueiai ?icaeoeo oa
caaeiaieaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo iio?aa oe?a?inueei? a?iiaaee
Iieueu?.

Iieuenueea e?oa?aoo?a i?aaenoaaeaia a aeena?oaoe?? ??aiai iiiia?ao?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ca??ieeaie noaooae, noaooyie. O 1994 ?ioe? o Iieueu?
aeeoea iiiia?ao?y A. A?eea, I. A?eea, ui oe?eeii i?enay/aia a?aeiineiai
Iieueu? ? Oe?a?ie 1989-1993 ?ieao. Aieiaia oe?ii?noue oe??? ?iaioe o
nenoaiaoecaoe?? aaeeeiai ianyao oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo c
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeeo aca?iei. *?oei aeae?eai? /ioe?e aniaeoe:
iie?oe/iee, aeiiii?/iee, eoeueoo?iee, ieoaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei, ca
yeeie aaoi?e iiiia?ao?? i?iaiaeyoue nai? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aei iaaeie?e?a
iiaeia a?aeianoe: iaiaaaiiy ia aena?oethaaoe o?oaeiiu? a
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiineiao, iayai?noue iacia/ii? e?eueeino?
aiae?oe/ieo i?iaiic?a ia iaeaooi?. Iieuenueea ?noi??ia?ao?y oaeiae
aeeth/a? aei naaa ieceo caaaeueieo ?ia?o ?noi?eei-iie?oieia?/iiai
oa?aeoa?o. Aaoi?e – ?. Noaoaiiae/, ?. A?aoeaae/, i?aee?anethth/?
ni?yiiaai?noue Iieueu? aei ?ioaa?aoe?? c aieiaieie iie?oe/ieie oa
aeiiii?/ieie no?oeoo?aie Caoiaeo, a?aecia/athoue aaaeeea?noue ?nioaaiiy
iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?ie a ni?aa? oi?ioaaiiy no?aeiiai aaeoi?o ciai?oiuei?
iie?oeee Iieueu?. Oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith oeeo ?ia?o ? oaeiae oaca i?i
iaiiaeeea?noue iaeiinoaeiiai aeai?o aeey Iieueu? ia Noiae? i?ae ?in??th
/e Oe?a?iith.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy nooi ?noi?e/iiai oa?aeoa?o – O. A. Ieueoainueeiai, I.
Aaa?oa?aeoa, ui i?enay/ai? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie aeaaaeoeyoiai noie?ooy, a
oiio /ene?, ? iaaiei neeaaeiei ieoaiiyi a?aeiinei i?ae Iieueuath ?
Oe?a?iith, a oe?eiio ia’?eoeaii aena?oeththoue aeaea?aea oa i?e/eie
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo i?ioe??/.

I?iaeaiaie no/anieo iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeeo a?aeiinei o Iieueu? oaeiae
caeiaeeny a ie?aneaiee ia??iae A. Na?/ee, E.Iaeae, A. ssn?inueea-Eaiy,
ui caa?ioee naith oaaao ia ieoaiiy ci?ie iano?i?a iieuenueeiai
noni?euenoaa ii a?aeiioaiith aei Oe?a?ie ? oe?a?ioe?a o 90-o ?ieao,
caa?ic? iiaeeeaiai, c oi/ee ci?o iieuenueeeo a/aieo, aeaooo
oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiae?cio a ?aa?ii? Oeaio?aeueii? oa No?aeii? ?a?iie.
Oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith ?ia?o oeeo aaoi??a ? aeei?enoaiiy nioe?ieia?/ieo
iaoiae?a, ui /anoi ia aeicaiey? i?ine?aeeoaaoe aeoiee aeieeiaiiy i?iaeai
o a?aeiineiao i?ae Oe?a?iith ? Iieueuath. I?iaaaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th
oe?a?inueeeo oa iieuenueeeo aeaea?ae, ui aena?oeththoue iie?oe/i?,
aeiiii?/i?, eoeueoo?i? aniaeoe oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei
1991-1997 ?ie?a oa noai?ththoue aeaea?aeueio aaco aeaiiai
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aaoi? nie?aany a nai?o ?ica?aeeao ia
iaoa??aee ciai?oiueiiie?oe/ieo a?aeiinoa Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu?, i?ia?aie
iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e, noni?eueii-a?iiaaenueeeo ia’?aeiaiue, cayae
iie?oe/ieo e?aea??a. Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an noaiiaeoue aea/aiiy aieeao ia?oeo
io?oe?eieo aeieoiaio?a iiai? Oe?a?ie – Aeaeea?aoe?? i?i aea?aeaaiee
noaa?ai?oao, Aeoo i?iaieioaiiy iacaeaaeiino? ia oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoie
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo noinoie?a. A iie?oe/i?e noa?? a cacia/aiee
ia??iae iiaeia aeae?eeoe oae? aeieoiaioe, ui caeeaee i?aeaaeeie
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae Oe?a?iith ? Iieueuath – Aeaeea?aoe?th i?i canaaee
oa aieiai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei a?ae 13
aeiaoiy 1991 ?ieo, Aeiaia?? i?i aeia?inon?aenoai, ae?oaei? a?aeiineie ?
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai a?ae 18 o?aaiy 1992 ?ieo, Aeaeea?aoe?th i?i?no??a
caei?aeiiieo ni?aa i?i canaaee oi?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai
ia?oia?noaa a?ae 21 aa?aciy 1994 ?ieo, Ni?eueio Aeaeea?aoe?th
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie ? I?aceaeaioa ?anioae?ee Iieueua a?ae 25 /a?aiy 1996
?ieo, Ni?eueio cayao I?aceaeaio?a Oe?a?ie ? ?anioae?ee Iieueua “Aei
ii?icoi?iiy ? ?aeiaiiy”.

A aeine?aeaeaii? aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei aaoi?, ?icae?eyth/? aea?aeaaiee ?
?aa?iiaeueiee ??aaiue, aeei?enoaa oae? aeieoiaioe, ye: Ii?icoi?iiy i?i
ooai?aiiy i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiai ca’yceo “Ea?iaonueeee ?a?i?aa?ii” a?ae 14
ethoiai 1993 ?ieo, a oaeiae Aeaeea?aoe?th i?i?no??a caei?aeiiieo ni?aa
i?i ni?a?ia?oieoeoai iaoeaioe?a Ea?iaonueeiai ?a?i?aa?iio a?ae 14
ethoiai 1993 ?ieo, Noaooo i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiai nithco “Ea?iaonueeee
?a?i?aa?ii”, Aeaeea?aoe?th i?i canaaee ? iai?yie ia?oia?noaa i?ae
Oe?a?iith ? ?anioae?eith Iieueuath a noa?? oi?a?aaeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei a?ae 17 na?iiy 1994 ?ieo, Ni?eueio Cayao I?ai’??-i?i?no?a
Oe?a?ie Iaaea Eaca?aiea ? Aieiae ?aaee I?i?no??a ?anioae?ee ?anioae?ee
Iieueua Aeiaec?iaaea Oe?iioaae/a a?ae 10 aeiaoiy 1996 ?ieo.

A eoeueoo?i?e noa?? an? aeaea?aea iiaeia ?icae?eeoe ia aeieoiaioe, ui
i?eeiaeeny ia ??ai? i?i?noa?noa eoeueoo?e ? ina?oe Oe?a?ie oa Iieueu? e
noaiiaeee i?aaiao aaco a?aeiinei, i?ia?aie iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo
ia’?aeiaiue, oa aeieoiaioe, ui noinothoueny e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a
aeoe?? «A?nea».

Aaaiiei aeaea?aeii c ??ciiiai?oieo aniaeo?a iie?oe/iiai, aeiiii?/iiai,
eoeueoo?iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae Oe?a?iith ? Iieueuath o ia??iae
1991-1997 ?ie?a noaee ia??iaee/i? aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeeo
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo ia’?aeiaiue o Iieueu?, iieuenueeeo – a
Oe?a?i?. Na?aae ieo, oe?a?inuee? aeaeaiiy: “I?ae non?aeaie” – aeueiaiao
ooiaeaoe?? Nayoiai Aieiaeeie?a o?anoeoaey Ee?anueei? ?one, “Iaae Aoaii ?
Ia?aith” – /aniien Nithco oe?a?ioe?a I?aeeyuua, “Iaoa neiai” – aacaoa
Ia’?aeiaiiy oe?a?ioe?a o Iieueu?, a oaeiae iieuenuee?: “Dziennik
Kijowski” – i?aai Ni?eee iieye?a a Oe?a?i? ? “Gazeta Lwowska” – aacaoa
Oaaea?aoe?? iieye?a Oe?a?ie. Ca aeai?iaith iciaeith a?eueo?noue
ioae?eaoe?e – noaoo?, ei?aniiiaeaioe??, o?ii?ea, ae?oeothoueny oaeiae
iioi/i? aeieoiaioe iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo ia’?aeiaiue. Oe? iaoa??aee
aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ae??cieoe oi/eo ci?o oa c’ynoaaoe noaaeaiiy
oe?a?inueei? iaioeie o Iieueu? oa iieuenueei? – a Oe?a?i? aei ?aea?
o?nieo oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo aca?iei.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e — «Iie?oe/ia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai i?ae Oe?a?iith ?
Iieueuath» i?enay/ai ?icaeyaeo i?iaeai iie?oe/ieo, aeoeaio ?iaeoueny ia
?icaeoie aeainoi?iii?o a?aeiinei, ieoaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai oa a?enueeiaiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa aena?oeththoueny a iaaeao iaiao?aeieo aeey c’ynoaaiiy
oeueiai aniaeoo.. I?e ae?iaeaii? eiie?aoieo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia
?icaeoie oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo iie?oe/ieo a?aeiinei, o?aaa a?aoiaoaaoe
??ci? oaeoi?e, ye no/aniino?, oae ? ?noi?e/iiai ieioeiai.

Ii-ia?oa, Oe?a?ia ? Iieueua ciaoiaeeeenue ia i?ioyc? nai?? ?noi??? i?ae
aieeaii ??cieo eoeueoo?-oeea?e?caoe?e. Oe?a?ia ii?aeio? a nia? aea?
/anoeie: Cao?ae, ?icaeoie yeiai aecia/aany caeaa?eueoiai cao?aeieie
aieeaaie eoeueoo?e eaoeinueei?. No?ae, aea aeii?ioaaee ? a ?noi?e/i?
/ane, ? ca?ac ?in?enuee? aieeae, oea iiynith?oueny iayai?noth aaeeei?
?in?enueei? iaioeie ? ai?eei aeei?enoaiiyi oeueiai oaeoo i?aaenoaaieeaie
?in?enueeiai o?yaeo, a ?in?y iaeaaeeoue aei iaoa?o ?a?iac?aonueei?
eoeueoo?e.

Iieueua, iaaiaee, ? oe?einoiei ooai?aiiyi c oeea?e?caoe?eii? oi/ee ci?o.
Iieuenueea aea?aeaaa aoea ooai?aia i?ae aeii?ioth/ei aieeaii cao?aeii?
eoeueoo?e.

Ii-ae?oaa, Oe?a?ia ? Iieueua iathoue ??ci? iiaeeeaino? ia aoai?
ia?aoai?aiue nai?? nenoaie ia cao?aeiee c?acie, iaenooo?a?oeie
aeaiaioaie yei? ? eai?oae?noe/ia aeiiii?ea, oa aeaiie?aoe/iee ono??e
noni?euenoaa.

Iaea?eueoa ??cieoey iieyaa? o oiio, ui Oe?a?ia aoiaeeea a ?aaeyinueeee
Nithc o oie /an, ye Iieueua yaeyea niaith i?eeeaae aea?aeaae-naoae?oa ii
a?aeiioaiith aei N?N?. Oea noai?eei a?eueoo nooi?iue naiaiaee Iieueu?
i?ae /an ?aoi?i ? aeaei ciiao cina?aaeeoenue ia aeiiiieoe?. Oe?a?ia
oeueiai ia iaea ? oiio /an aoa aeo?a/aiee ia aeiaaaeaiiy na?oia?
iie?oe/ii? iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie. *a?ac o?noue-n?i ?ie?a i?ney iaaoooy
iacaeaaeiino? aeoeaioe o?ioe ci?ieeeny, aeey Oe?a?ie aieiaia aoei
a?aeaoaeoaaoe aeiiii?/io naiino?ei?noue, yea aeoaea o?nii, aei ?a/?,
iia’ycaia c iie?oe/iith. Iieueua a oeae /an ae??ooaaea i?iaeaie
caeaa?eueoiai iie?oe/i?: i?e?aeiaiiy aei no?oeoo? IAOI ? ?N.

Ii-o?ao?, iaaio ?ieue a oi?ioaai? aeaonoi?iii?o a?aeiinei a?ae?a?a?
??cia noaaeaiiy Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu? aei IAOI. Cayaa Oe?a?ie, ui iia ia
cae?a?oueny i?ioenoiyoe iioe?aiith IAOI ia No?ae, ia a?aei?io a?ae
?in??, iiceoeaii ni?eeia?oueny iieuenueeith aeeieiiao??th. Aea
iaeo?aeueia iieiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie noa? ia ia?aoeiae? a ni?aa? a?eueo o?nii?
ni?ai?aoe? c e?a?iaie Aeoaa?aaeo, ye? aenooiaee ca i?e?aeiaiiy aei IAOI.

Ii-/aoaa?oa, iie?oe/i? ia?o?? Oe?a?ie e Iieueu? iathoue ??ci?
eiioeaioe?? uiaei iaeaooiueiai ni?yioaaiiy ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee aeanieo
aea?aeaa.

A Oe?a?i? caa?ico iaeaooiueiio oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei
noaiiaeyoue ia?o??, ye oeueo?ai?aaiai e?eea, oae ? e?ai? i???ioaoe??.

Oea noino?oueny ni?eee iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e-Oe?a?inueei? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
Anaiaea?, ui noaaeoue i?ae noii?a ?nioth/? ei?aeiie oa aenoaa?
oa?eoi??aeuei? i?aoaic?? aei non?ae?a Oe?a?ie.

E?a? ia?o?? ia aoaeooue ni?eyoe o?ni?oei ca’yceai c Iieueuath aiane?aeie
i???oaoe?? ia ?in?th.

?ioaeaeooaeueiei ina?aaeeii, yeee ?ic?iaeyoeia eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae
cao?aeiiai iai?aaeaiiy iiaeooue noaoe i?aaenoaaieee
i?aai-oeaio?enonueeeo, oeaio?enonueeeo oa iaoe?iiae-aeaiie?aoe/ieo nee.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? – “Aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie oa ni?ai?aoey Oe?a?ie ?
Iieueu? a ?a?i?aa?iiao: ni?euei? ?ioa?ane oa i??i?eoaoe” –
?icaeyaeathoueny aeaye? ieoaiiy aeiiii?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae
Oe?a?iith ? Iieueuath. Aeena?oaio caa?oa? oaaao ia aaeeeo ieoiio aaao
ne?iaeie: cae?cii? ?oaee c Oe?a?ie ? aoa?eey c Iieueu? a oi?a?ae? i?ae
aeaiia e?a?iaie. Oo?oaeith? aeiiii?/i? aca?ieie no?oeoo?ia ianoi?ni?noue
oe?a?inueei? ? iieuenueei? aeiiii?e, a?aenooi?noue a Oe?a?i? /?oei
coi?ioethaaieo i?aaiaeo i?aenoaa aeey ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e.

I??i?eoaoieie iai?yieaie oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai aeiiii?/iiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa oaeiae ? ?icaeoie oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? i?iieneiaino?,
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa oa ia?a?iaee n?euenueei? i?iaeoeoe??,
aia?aaoeee oa oaieiiinoa/aiiy, iiaea?i?caoe?? o?ainii?oo, ioi?iie
i?e?iaeiiai aeiae?eey, inoi?iiue noi?oue ?icaeoie ai?iii-i?iieneiaiai
eiiieaeno oa eiiaa?n??.

Ni?a?ia?oieoeoai a aia?aaoeoe? ia?aaeaa/a? caa?aaeaiiy aia?aie?i??
Oiaeueieoeueea A?N – AEaooa c iiaeeeaei aoaeoaaiiyi i?aenoaioe??
iino?eii? iai?oae ia iieuenueei? oa???oi???, ?icaeyaea?oueny ieoaiiy
ni?eueiiai aenii?oo aeaeo?iaia?a?? a Oeaio?aeueio oa Cao?aeio ?a?iio.
O?ainii?oia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai ni?yiiaaia ia ia?aaoaeiao aei??a oa
cae?cieoeue: aoaeoaaiiy aaoiiaa?no?ae? Oa?iia — oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeee
ei?aeii, ye /anoeie o?ainii?oii? a?oa??? Aaiao?a-Ee?a. ?nio? i?iaeo
noai?aiiy o?ainii?oiiai ei?eaei?o Iaeana-Aaeainuee. Oe?a?ia ? Iieueua
io?eiothoue aeo?ae aei *i?iiai oa Aaeoeenueeiai ii?ae. A ni?aa? ioi?iie
i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua ? i?iaeoe, ye? caneoaiaothoue ia oaaao – oea
i?ia?aia aeieia?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa “*enoee Aoa”, “Ea?iaonueeee
aeieia?/iee caiia?aeiee”, iiaeaeue ?icaeoeo ciie ?icoi//y.
Ai?iii-aeiiii?/i? noinoiee – iaeia c aaeocae oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo
a?aeiinei, yea ?icaeaa?oueny aeineoue ae?iai?/ii.Iieuenueea noi?iia
iniaeeai oe?eaaeeanue caeoi?aeath: ?aae?ieieaoe?eieo noaioe?e, nenoai
aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy aiaiai, i?eai??a iaaaaeaiiy e iaoe?ethaaiiy aeey
oaie?a ? i?ioe?aeaoieo eiiieaen?a, a?oeeea?eenueeeo i?eoe?e?a, aie?aie
naiiiaaaaeaiiy eiieaen?a oeio “Aea-1”, an?o aeae?a i?eoe?e?a aeey
no??eeiai? ca?i? oa a?aiaoiiao?a, iioeei-aeaeo?iiieo nenoai iiooea.
Ia?niaeoeaiei iai?yieii a aeiiii?/i?e noa?? aaoi? aaaaea? aoaeoaaiiy
noinoie?a ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?, cie?aia a iaaeao aa?i?aa?ii?a
“Ea?iaoe”, “Aoa”.

?a?i?aa?ii “Ea?iaoe” aoa noai?aiee ia cono??/? i?i?no??a caei?aeiiieo
ni?aa Iieueu?, Oe?a?ie, Oai?ueie a Aeaa?aoeai? 14 ethoiai 1993 ?ieo.
Aeania ?a?i?aa?ii “Ea?iaoe” neeaaea?oueny c i?eei?aeiiieo oa??oi??e
Oe?a?ie, Iieueu?, Oai?ueie, Neiaa//eie. Aieiai? iai?yie ?icaeoeo
?a?i?aa?iio: aeiiii?/ia, iaoeiaa, aeieia?/ia, eoeueoo?ia ni?ai?aoey,
aeiiiiiaa a noa?? ina?oe. Ooai?ai? iino?ei? eii?n?? c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo
ainiiaea?noaa, eoeueoo?e oa ?aa?c?eia iathoue ia iao? iieaaoeoe
eiiia?aoe?th.

Ca ieaiii ?icaeoeo ?a?i?aa?iio “Aoa” ia?aaeaa/a?oueny iiaoaeiaa
a?aeoeieo oaeaee?nii? o?ane niieo/aiiy Ethae?i-Caiinoeue-Eooeuee, yeee
ae cai?iea a?aenooith ia nueiaiaei? /anoeio aaoioeyoo
Aa?oaaa-Ethae?i-Eooeuee-AEeoiie?-Ee?a, ?icaoaeiaa oa ino/aniaiiy
i?eei?aeiiii-i?iioneieo ioieo?a A?aaaiia-ssaiaeei, Onoeeoa-Cin?i,
ssaiaeei-Aei?iaone. Ii?aoeueiaaii a?cian-ieai ?icaeoeo Aieei? i?e
aca?iiae?? c iieuenueeeie ai?aiaenoaaie. ?icaeyiooi i?iaeo ?icoe?aiiy
i?eei?aeiiii? no?oeoo?e — “?ioa?ii?o “Eiaaeue”.

?a?i?aa?iie “Ea?iaoe” ? “Aoa” noathoue iie?aiiaie aeey iiooeo oa
ii?aoethaaiiy iiaeo iiaeeeainoae, ye? iaaeathoue a?eueoi? aeeiai?ee
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiio ni?a?ia?oieoeoao.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? – “Oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee? eoeueoo?i?
aca?ieie” aaoi? aeae?eea aeey aea/aiiy eoeueoo?ii? noa?e 1991-1997
?ie?a, cie?aia aca?iiae?? i?ae oe?a?ioeyie oa iieyeaie a iaaea?aeaaieo
i?aai?caoe?yo, ia io?oe?eiiio ??ai? – i?ae i?i?noa?noaaie eoeueoo?e oa
ina?oe aeaio e?a?i, c’yniao?oueny oaeiae noaiiaeua oa aieea
iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei – oe?a?inueei? o Iieueu?, a iieuenueei? – a
Oe?a?i? ia ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei.

Io?oe?eiei noinoieai a aaeoc? eoeueoo?e i?ae Oe?a?iith oa Iieueuath o
1991-1997 ?ieao ia?aaeoaaee eiioaeoe i?ae oe?a?ioeyie ? iieyeaie a
iieuenueeeo ia’?aeiaiiyo ?ioaeaeooae?a, iaea?eueo aaaiieie na?aae yeeo
aoee – “Pomost”, Ia’?aeiaiiy ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ia?iae?a No?aeii? ?a?iie
“Caeeaeaiiy”, ia?ecueeee /aniien “Eoeueoo?a”. Aieiaiei aaia?aoi?ii
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai caeeaeaiiy aoea iieuenueea oa i?iiieuenueee
iaeaooiaaia ai?a?aoe?y o O?aioe??, yea ia’?aeiaeany iaaeiei /aniieno
“Eoeueoo?a”. ?aea? ?aee ??ae?ieoey, THe?ooa I??ioaanueeiai, ?aee
Noaiiianueeiai, THcaoa Eiaiaeianueeiai ciaeoee nai? a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy a
?o noaooyo o “Eoeueoo??”, aea i?iaieiooaaeanue iaiao?aei?noue a?aeiiae
iieye?a a?ae cac?oaiue ia no?aei? caie?, iniaeeai Euea?a, aeciaaaany oie
oaeo, ui a?aenooi?noue o?niiaini?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae Oe?a?iith oa
Iieueuath ca?eueoo? caa?ico aeey iaio aea?aeaa.

Oaeo ?nioaaiiy oeeo ia’?aeiaiue iieuenueeeo ?ioaeaeooae?a oa ii??aiyiiy
?o canaaeie/eo iieiaeaiue i?eiooothoue caieneeoenue iaae iaei??th c
na?eici?oeo i?iaeai oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei no/aniiai ia??iaeo
– iaiao?aeiino? iiaeieaiiy oia?aaeaeaiiai noaaeaiiy iieuenueeiai
noni?euenoaa aei oe?a?ioe?a.

Ia io?oe?eiiio ??ai? oey i?iaeaia ae??oo?oueny o noinoieao i?ae
i?i?noa?noaaie eoeueoo?e oa i?i?noa?noaaie ina?oe aeaio e?a?i. I?ioieie
i?i ni?a?ia?oieoeoai i?ae i?i?noa?noaaie eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie oa Iieueu?
a?ae 6 aa?aniy 1991 ?ieo noaa ia?oei aeieoiaioii, ui aoa i?aeienaiee
i?ney i?iaieioaiiy iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie 24 na?iiy 1991 ?ieo. O ea?oi?
1995 ?ieo aoea ia?aoiaaia, a o aa?ani? i?aeienaiaiiaa Oaiaea i?i
ni?ai?aoeth i?ae i?i?noa?noaaie ina?oe Oe?a?ie oa Iieueu?. A?aeiia?aeii
aei ia? ia 1996-1998 ?iee caieaiiaaii i??i?eoaoiee ?icaeoie oaeeo
iai?yie?a: i?iaaaeaiiy ni?eueieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a aaeoc?
aoiai?oa?ieo, i?e?iaeie/eo, oaoi?/ieo, iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, ui
noaiiaeyoue aca?iiee ?ioa?an, ?, iniaeeai, ui noinothoueny ni?eueiiai
?noi?e/iiai ieioeiai iaio ia?iae?a; i?aeaioiaea ? ia?ai?aeaioiaea
eaae??a ca niaoe?aeuei?noth o oi?i? iiaiiai ? /anoeiaiai iaa/aiiy,
ani??aioo?e, aeieoi?aioo?e, iaoeiaeo noaaeoaaiue, i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe??; ?icaeoie ? aaeineiiaeaiiy aea/aiiy ??aeieo iia
i?aaenoaaieeaie oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? iaioeie a iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeao Iieueu? ? iieuenueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? iaioeie a iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeao Oe?a?ie; ?icaeoie aeia?inon?aenueeeo a?aeiinei ? i?yiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae aeioe?eueieie onoaiiaaie, oeieaie,
i?ioan?eii-oaoi?/ieie o/eeeuaie, aeueie iaa/aeueieie caeeaaeaie,
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie onoaiiaaie Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu?; aea/aiiy ieoaiue
aca?iiiai aeciaiiy oa aea?aaeaioiino? aeieoiaio?a i?i ina?oo, a/ai?
nooiai? ? caaiiy. I?aaenoaaieee oe?a?inueei? a?iiaaee Iieueu? oa
iieuenueei? a Oe?a?i? iiaeooue, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, c?iaeoe iaea?eueo
?aaeueiee aianie o ?ica’ycaiiy aieiaii? i?iaeaie oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo
a?aeiinei – iiaeieaiiy iaaaoeaiiai noa?aioeio oe?a?ioey a iieuenueeiio
noni?euenoa?.

Oe?a?ioe? cao?oiaai? a oe?eee ?yae noni?eueii-a?iiaaenueeeo ia`?aeiaiue,
iaea?eueoeie c yeeo ? Ia’?aeiaiiy oe?a?ioe?a o Iieueu?, Ia’?aeiaiiy
eaie?a o Iieueu?, Nithc oe?a?ioe?a I?aeeyuua.

*enaeuei?noue iaea?eueo aieeaiaiai Ia’?aeiaiiy oe?a?ioe?a o Iieueu? ia
ia?aaeuo? 7,5 oen. /ieia?e, Ia’?aeiaiiy eaie?a oa Nithca oe?a?ioe?a
I?aeeyuuy – a?aeiia?aeii 450 ? 300 aeoeaieo /eai?a. Ii??aiyiiy aeaieo
caaaeueii? e?eueeino? oe?a?inueei? a?iiaaee c /enaeuei?noth
noni?eueii-eoeueoo?ieo ia’?aeiaiue oe?a?ioe?a Iieueu? iaaiaeeoue ia
aeoieo i?i cia/io anei?eueiaai?noue oe?a?ioe?a a iieuenueeiio
na?aaeiaeu?. Ia noai oe?a?inueei? a?iiaaee aaeeeee aieea ia? oea?eaa.
A?aei-eaoieeoeueea oea?eaa a iieuenueeeo oiiaao, ca aeoieith aaoi?a,
caeia? noaiiaeua iaoe?iiaeueii? oe?a?inueei? oea?eae. Naia oiio
aeena?oaio caa?oa? oaaao ia iiae?? o Ia?aieoe? o 1991, 1996, 1997 ?ieao,
aea i?ioenoiyiiy a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? ? eaoieeoeueei? oea?eia
ia?aoai?eeiny ia oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeee eiioe?eo ?aa?iiaeueiiai ??aiy.
Oe? eiioe?eoe aeiaaee, ui aioeoe?a?inuee? iano?i? caa??aathoueny na?aae
aeayei? /anoeie i?noeaai? ae?oe oa ?eii-eaoieeoeueeiai aeooiaainoaa,
cie?aia o Ia?aieoe?. Aeaaaeai? ae?? i?aaenoaaiee?a oeaio?aeueii? aeaaee
Iieueu? ? Oe?a?ie i?ecaaee aei ii?iae?caoe?? noaiiaeua, aea
i?aeoaa?aeeeany iaiao?aei?noue ae?iaeaiiy o Iieueu? noaei? eiioeaioe??
a?aeiinii iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei oa eii?aeeioaaiiy coneeue oe?a?inueei?
oa iieuenueei? noi??i aeey iiaeieaiiy iaaaoeaieo noa?aioei?a ieioeiai.

?ioa?ane iieye?a a Oe?a?i? ?ai?acaiooaaee ia 1995 ??e a?ae 23 aei 30
a?iiaaenueeeo ia’?aeiaiue, ui iaee caeaa?eueoiai noiae? oe?e?, a naia:
aea/aiiy ??aeii? iiae, a?ae?iaeaeaiiy naiina?aeiiino? ? ?ae?a?eiiai
aeeooy iieye?a, caoeno iie?oe/ieo i?aa iieuenueei? iaioeie. Iaea?eueoeie
c oeeo ia’?aeiaiue ? Ni?eea iieye?a Oe?a?ie (aieiaa N. Oaeaoeueeee,
i?ci?oa N. Einoaoeueeee), ui ia’?aeio? iieye?a oeaio?aeueieo oa no?aeieo
iaeanoae, ? Oaaea?aoe?y iieye?a a Oe?a?i? (aieiaa Ai?e?y Oiaeueiaa), yea
ia’?aeiaea ia?aaeon?i iieye?a cao?aeieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie.

?aeeia iieuenueea i?aai?caoe?y ca 1991-1997 ?iee ia noai?aia. Caa??any
iiae?e ia ee?anueeee oa euea?anueeee oeaio?e eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy.
?icii?ioai?noue iieuenueei? a?iiaaee, anei?eyoe?ei? i?ioeane, ne?ooia
aeiiii?/ia noaiiaeua a Oe?a?i? i?ecaaee aei oiai, ui ae?yeuei?noue
iieye?a cina?aaeeeanue ia?aaeon?i a i?ina?oieoeuee?e oa ?ae?a?eieo
noa?ao. ?eii-eaoieeoeueea oea?eaa a Oe?a?i? a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue a
oi?ioaaii? iieuenueei? naiina?aeiiino?. O oeueiio nain? ?? iieiaeaiiy
aeoaea noiaea ?c noaiiaeuai a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? oea?eae a oe?a?inuee?e
a?iiaae? Iieueu?. A Aeiaeaoie A – “Oea?eiai? no?oeoo?e oa ?o aieea ia
?icaeoie oe-?a?inueei? iaioeie o Iieueu? oa iieuenueei? a Oe?a?i?” –
caaaeaii a?aeiiino? i?i no?oeoo?io i?aai?caoe?th a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? oa
i?aaineaaii? oea?eia o Iieueu? oa ?eii-eaoieeoeueei? oea?eae a Oe?a?i?.
Oea?eaa a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue o caa?aaeaii? iaoe?iiaeueii?
na?aeiiino? oe?a?ioe?a Iieueu? oa iieye?a a Oe?a?i?, ye iaeei c
eiina?aaoeai?oeo aeaiaio?a eoeueoo?e.

AENIIAEE.

Oeaio?aeueia oa No?aeia ?a?iia o 90-o? ?iee OO noie?ooy a oiiaao
nai???aeiiai “aaeooia neee” i?ney aeaiie?aoe/ieo ?aaiethoe?e 1989-1991
?ie?a, ia’?aeiaiiy I?ia//eie oa ?iceaio N?N? noaea ?aa?iiii ai?ioueae ca
noa?e aieeao iiaooi?o aea?aeaa na?oo: NOA, I?ia//eie, ?in??.

Noinoiee Oe?a?ie oa Iieueu? o 1991-1997 ?ieao ?icaeyaeaeeny Caoiaeii, ye
ni?iaa aoyaiooe a noa?o aeaniiai aieeao iaeio c aea?aeaa c oa?eoi???
eieeoiueiai N?N? ?, oaeei /eiii, i?ae??aaoe i?aoaic?? ?in?? ia
e?aea?noai.

Oe?a?ia ia ciiaea ca ia??iae 1991-1997 ?ie?a noaoe ai? ae?acieeii
?ioa?an?a Caoiaeo, ai? ae?acieeii ?in?enueeeo ?ioa?an?a a ?aa?ii? a
?acoeueoao? ?iceieioino? oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa ca?eueoino? i?iaeai
ciai?oiuei? oa aioo??oiuei? iie?oeee. A oie aea /an, ?icaeoie a?aeiinei
c ?anioae?eith Iieueuath ni?eya iinooiiaiio oe??ieaiith cao?aeiiai
aaeoi?o oe?a?inueei? ciai?oiuei? iie?oee?.

Iieueua aiane?aeie eiinainono c aieiaieo i?iaeai ciai?oiuei? oa
aioo??oiuei? iie?oeee oa aaaeaiiy ?ioaa?oaaoeny c cao?aeieie
no?oeoo?aie: IAOI ? ?N, oaeaeei caeiyea ?ieue “aaaioa” NOA oa I?ia//eie
o a?aeiioaii? aei Oe?a?ie. Iieueua, ye ? e?a?ie Caoiaeo, ?icaeyaeaea
?nioaaiiy iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?ie ye iaeei ?c aaaeeeaeo /eiiee?a
iaa?ae?iaeaeaiiy ?in?enueeiai aieeao a ?aa?ii? Oeaio?aeueii? oa No?aeii?
?a?iie.

A iie?oeoe? oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee? a?aeiineie o 1991-1997 ?ieao
aeeiaie/ii ?icaeaaeeny oeyoii ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa o i?aeia?iaeieo
i?aai?caoe?yo, a iaaeao Eiinoeueoaoeaiiai Eii?oaoo i?aceaeaio?a iaio
e?a?i oa i?ae ia?o?yie i?aai? oa oeaio?enonueei? i???ioaoe??. Oaeoi?e,
ui ia’?eoeaii iaiaaeoaaee aca?iiae?th – oea ia ae??oaiiy Oe?a?iith
i?iaeaie yaea?ii? ca?i? aei 1994 ?ieo, ??ciee i?aeo?ae aei IAOI. A
aeiiii?oe? ca 1991-1997 ?iee coi?iiaaii i?aaiao aaco aca?iei, cae?eniaii
ia?ao?ae aei aaciina?aaei?o a?aeiinei i?ae oe?a?inueeeie oa iieuenueeeie
?aa?iiaie. Aaaaeaiiy iiai? a?ioiai? iaeeieoe? – a?eai? – aeicaieeei
iaaeaaaoe aea?aeaai? aa?aio?? aeey noai?aiiy ni?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa oa
a?eueoiai ?iaanooaaiiy Iieueu? a Oe?a?io. Iiaeeea? o?oaeiiu? iia’ycai? c
ianoaa?euei?noth oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee.

Aieiaiith i?iaeaiith ianooiiiai ia??iaeo noinoie?a i?ae Oe?a?iith oa
Iieueuath iiaea noaoe caa?aaeaiiy ?aaeeio a?eueiiai ia?aoeiaiiy
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai ei?aeiio i?ney aoiaeaeaiiy Iieueu? aei
?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco. Ae??oaiiy oee?? i?iaeaie aeoiaeeoue ca iaae?
aeainoi?iii?o oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei ? ciaoiaeeoueny o
aaciina?aaeiueiio ca`yceo ?c caoiaeaie uiaei a?aaoethaaiiy
oe?a.inueei-?in?enueeiai ei?aeiio, a oaeiae eiie?aoieo oiia i?e?aeiaiiy
aei ?N ?anioae?ee Iieueu?.

A noa?? eoeueoo?e i?ioiaeeei iiaeieaiiy onoaeaieo oyaeaiue oa
noa?aioei?a iieuenueei? na?aeiiino? uiaei oe?a?ioe?a o Iieueu? /a?ac
iaaeeaeaiiy nenoai ina?oe, i?iaaaeaiiy ni?eueieo oanoeaaeae,
eiioa?aioe?e, ocaiaeaeaiiy iiaeyae?a oe?a?inueei? oa iieuenueei?
?noi??ia?ao?? ia iiae?? 1918-1947 ?ie?a. O oie aea /an o Iieueu?
aeyaeany iaaiee a?ae eiioeaioe?e a?aeiinii iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei.

Oe?a?inueea a?iiaaea o Iieueu? oa iieuenueea a Oe?a?i? a?ae?a?aaaee o
1991-1997 ?ieao aaaeeeao ?ieue a e?ea?aeaoe?? oia?aaeaeaiue ieioeiai.
Aiie caa??aaee aeanio naiina?aeii?noue oeyoii ia’?aeiaiiy iaaeiei
oea?eae, ui iaaeaaaei a?aei-eaoieeoeuee?e oea?ea? o Iieueu? oa
?eii-eaoieeoeuee?e – a Oe?a?i? ae?acii aoiieiioan?eiiai oa?aeoa?o.
Aiae?c caaaeueieo oaiaeaioe?e oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei o
1991-1997 ?ieao iaaiaeeoue ia aeoieo, ui o iaeaeeae/? 5-7 ?ie?a ?nio?
a??ia?aei?noue ?aae?caoe?? iaeiiai c o?ueio aa??aio?a ?icaeoeo. Ia?oee
— Oe?a?ia i?iaeiaaeo? i???iooaaoeny ia Iieueuo ye aaaeeeaiai ia?oia?a o
iie?oeoe?, aeieathoueny ?noi?e/i? noa?aioeie o eoeueoo??, aea o?aceeaith
ae?eyieith aeainoi?iii?o noinoie?a caeeoa?oueny noa?a aeiiii?ee, aea
aieeaaoeia caeaaei?noue Oe?a?ie a?ae ?in?enueeiai ?eieo, a oaeiae
ia?aoai?aiiy o 2002-2003 ?ioe? oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai ei?aeiio ia
ciai?oi?e ei?aeii ?N. Oaeoe/ii, oea caa?aaeaiiy aeinyaiooiai ??aiy
a?aeiinei i?ae Oe?a?iith ? Iieueuath. A ia?oiio aa??aio? aaaaoi aoaea
caeaaeaoe a?ae iiceoe?? e?a?i ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco, oa iaiieaaeeaino? o
a?aenoathaaii? aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a c aieo Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu? ia?aae
aenia?oaie ?N, oiio ui i?eei?aeiiia oi?a?aey oa a?cian-oo?eci
neeaaeathoue aaeeeo ieoiio aaao a oiaa?ia?ao aeaio e?a?i.

Ae?oaee aa??aio – ?iaanoeoe?? oa aeiaaioa?i?iiaa e?aaeeooaaiiy Iieueu? a
aeiiii?eo Oe?a?ie ca aeiiiiiaith ?ioeo cao?aeieo e?a?i ni?ey?
caeeaeaiith a aeiiii?/i?e noa??, ui i?aai?/ii aeiiiaith? noinoiee a
iie?oeoe? oa eoeueoo??. Aeioiaeeoue aei ?aaeueiiai no?aoaa?/iiai nithco
i?ae Oe?a?iith oa Iieueuath. Ae?oaee aa??aio, iiaeeeaee ca oiiae
ciaioaiiy caeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie a?ae ?in??, iniaeeai a ni?aa?
aia?aiiin??a. Aeoeaii iiaeiai i?iaiaeeoeny iiooe aeueoa?iaoeaieo
aeaea?ae iinoa/aiiy iaooe ? aaco ?c cao?aeiiai ? oeaio?aeueiiai ?aa?ii?a
Oe?a?ie. Naia oaeee ?icaeoie iiae?e aaaeaiee aeey e?a?i Caoiaeo, aea
iaaaeeea ieoiia aaaa oeeo ?aa?ii?a aeeeeea? noii?a, uiaei ?aaeueiino?
ao?eaiiy ae?oaiai aa??aioo.

O?ao?e aa??aio – ca?eueoaiiy caeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie a?ae ?in?? a iie?oeoe?,
iaa?oue i?e ?nioaaii? oi?iaeueieo iciae oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ioieiaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei.
Iieueua ia?ai???ioiao?oueny iiai?noth ia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai o no?oeoo?ao
IAOI ? ?N, aiaeii/an iaiaaa?oueny caa?aaoe aieea ia Caoiae? Oe?a?ie.
O?ao?e aa??aio iiaeeeaee ca iaaiino? oaeeo oaeoi??a: a oe?a?inueeiio
noni?euenoa? ia?aiiaathoue i?eoeeueieee a?eueo o?nieo noinoie?a c
?in??th, aeania, a ?in?enuee?e Oaaea?aoe?? i?eoiaeyoue aei aeaaee
i?ea?/ieee a?aeiiaeaiiy ?noi?e/ieo ei?aeii?a ?in??, NOA oa I?ia//eia
a?aeiiaeythoueny a?ae i?aeo?eiee Oe?a?ie a noa?? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei
? ia?anoathoue caioi/oaaoe Iieueuo aei i?iaeiaaeaiiy aca?iei.

C o?ueio iaaaaeaieo aa??aio?a, ia iaoo aeoieo, iaea?eueo ?aaeueiei ?
ia?oee, /a?ac oa, ui a?i aeiaaa? iaeiaioeo no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue a
ciai?oi?e oa aioo??oi?e iie?oeoe? Oe?a?ie. Oe?a?inueei-iieuenueee
aeainoi?iii? aca?ieie o 1991-1997 ?ieao aoee iaeiei c ae??oaeueieo
/eiiee?a noaa?eueiino? ?aa?iio Oeaio?aeueii? oa No?aeii? ?a?iie, ?o
aeeiai?/iee ?icaeoie ni?eya ci?oeiaiith iiceoe?e oeeo aea?aeaa a
Cao?aei?e ?a?ii? oa NOA, ciaioea iiaeeeaino? aieeao ?in??.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

Ai?oi Ae.A. Oe?aeinei-iieueneea ioiioaiey a iinoniaaoneee ia?eiae:
iaeioi?ua aniaeou nio?oaeie/anoaa // Caienee ?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo.
—Aei. 5. – Iaeana: 1997. – N. 292-296.

Ai?oi Ae. Aeiooai? i?a?aoe?? 1940-o ?ie?a oa ?o aieea ia ?icaeoie
no/anieo oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei // I?iaeaie i?a?aoe??. –1998.
– N 4. – C. 30-36.

Ai?oi Ae.I. Oe?a?inueei-iieuenueea ?aa?iiaeueia ni?a?ia?oi?oeoai// Iiaa
iie?oeea.- 1999.- N 3.- N.15-18.

Ai?oi Ae.I., Ae?aia A.A. Oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee? aca?ieie o
iino?aaeyinueeee ia??iae: aeaye? aniaeoe iie?oe/iiai ? aeiiii?/iiai
ni?a-?ia?oieoeoaa // Iie?oeea ? /an. – 1997. – N 5-6. – N. 15-21.

Ai?oi Ae. I. A?aeiineie i?ae Oe?a?iith ? Iieueuath iai?ee?ioe? 20
noie?ooy: i?iaeaie ?icaoeo// Iaoa?eaeu 53-e iao/iie eiioa?aioeee
i?ioanni?nei- i?aiiaeaaoaeueneiai ninoaaa e iao/iuo ?aaioieeia (naeoeey
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ioiioaiee).-Iaeanna: 1999, — N. 59-70.

Aiioaoe??:

Ai?oi Ae. I. Oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee? a?aeiineie (1991-1997 ?.?.).
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07. 00. 02 – Anana?oiy ?noi??y – Iaeanueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa, Iaeana, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?iaeai? noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei o 1991-1997 ?ieao. A ?iaio? iieacaia
aaiethoe?y eiioeaioe?e ciai?oiuei? iie?oee?, ui aoee cai?iiiiiaai?
i?i?noa?noaaie caei?aeiiieo ni?aa Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu?, iie?oe/ieie
ia?o?yie, ie?aieie ae?y/aie, aeine?aeaeai? aeiiii?/i? noinoie? ia
aea?aeaaiiio ??ai? oa o ?a?i?aa?iiao “Ea?iaoe”, “Aoa”, i?iaiae?ciaai?
oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee? eoeueoo?i? aca?ieie, c iniaeeaith oaaaith aei
?ie? iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei a ?o ?icaeoeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iacaeaaei?noue, no?aoaa?/ia ia?oia?noai, ia?o?y,
?aa?iiaeueia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, ?a?i?aa?ii, noa?aioeie na?aeiiino?,
oea?eia, iaoe?iiaeueia iaioeia.

Ai?oi Ae.A. Oe?aeinei-iieueneea ioiioaiey (1991-1997 a.a.). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07. 00. 02 – Anaie?iay enoi?ey – Iaeanneee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao ei. E.E. Ia/ieeiaa, Iaeanna, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia noaiiaeaiey e ?acaeoey
oe?aeinei-iieueneeo ioiioaiee 1991-1997 aiaeia. A ?aaioa iieacaia
yaiethoeey eiioeaioeee aiaoiae iieeoeee, eioi?ua i?aaeeaaaeenue
ieienoa?noaaie eiino?aiiuo aeae Oe?aeiu e Iieueoe, iieeoe/aneei
ia?oeyie, ioaeaeueiuie aeayoaeyie, enneaaeiaaiu yeiiiie/aneea ioiioaiey
ia ainoaea?noaaiiii o?iaia e a aa?i?aaeiiao “Ea?iaou”, “Aoa”,
i?iaiaeece?iaaiu oe?aeinei-iieueneea acaeiiioiioaiey a iaeanoe
eoeueoo?u, n iniaaiiui aieiaieai e ?iee iaoeeiiaeueiuo iaiueoeinoa a eo
?acaeoee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iacaaeneiinoue, no?aoaae/aneia ia?oia?noai, ia?oey,
?aaeiiaeueiia nio?oaeie/anoai, aa?i?aaeii, noa?aioeiu niciaiey,
oea?eiaue, iaoeeiiaeueiia iaiueoeinoai.

D. O. Gorun. Ukrainian – Polish relations (1991-1997). – Manuscript.

Master`s thesis on History Speciality 07. 00. 02. – Universal History.
–The Mechnikov State University, Odessa, 1999.

The subject of the investigation is the problem of formation and
development of Ukrainian — Polish relations in 1991-1997. The evolution
of the foreign policy concepts is presented, which were proposed by the
Foreign Affairs Ministries of Ukraine and Poland, political parties and
individuals. Also, the economic relations are viewed on the state level
and in “Carpathians” and “Bug” euroregions. The Ukrainian — Polish
cultural relations are analysed, with the stress on the role of national
minorities in their development.

Key words: independence, strategic partnership, party, regional
cooperation, euroregion, mentality stereotypes, church, national
minority.

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